10-Q 1 jnpr-10q20180331.htm FORM 10-Q Document
 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018
or
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from_________ to_________

Commission file number: 001-34501

JUNIPER NETWORKS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
 
77-0422528
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
1133 Innovation Way
 
 
Sunnyvale, California
 
94089
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip code)
(408) 745-2000
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o
Smaller reporting company o
Emerging growth company o
 
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x
There were 349,152,345 shares of the Company's Common Stock, par value $0.00001, outstanding as of May 4, 2018.

 



Juniper Networks, Inc.
Table of Contents
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


2


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In millions, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Net revenues:
 
 
 
Product
$
710.8

 
$
828.9

Service
371.8

 
392.1

Total net revenues
1,082.6

 
1,221.0

Cost of revenues:
 
 
 
Product
306.4

 
330.2

Service
157.8

 
144.2

Total cost of revenues
464.2

 
474.4

Gross margin
618.4

 
746.6

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
Research and development
269.4

 
276.2

Sales and marketing
239.4

 
244.2

General and administrative
56.0

 
50.5

Restructuring (benefits) charges
(1.9
)
 
19.4

Total operating expenses
562.9

 
590.3

Operating income
55.5

 
156.3

Other expense, net
(14.1
)
 
(15.7
)
Income before income taxes
41.4

 
140.6

Income tax provision
7.0

 
31.8

Net income
$
34.4

 
$
108.8

 
 
 
 
Net income per share:
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.10

 
$
0.29

Diluted
$
0.10

 
$
0.28

Shares used in computing net income per share:
 
 
 
Basic
355.3

 
380.9

Diluted
360.6

 
388.0

Cash dividends declared per common stock
$
0.18

 
$
0.10


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements


3


Juniper Networks, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Net income
$
34.4

 
$
108.8

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:
 
 
 
Available-for-sale debt securities:
 
 
 
Unrealized (loss) gain, net of tax benefit of $1.4 and tax provision $0.7, respectively
(2.0
)
 
1.5

Reclassification adjustment for realized net loss (gain) included in net income, net of tax provisions of zero for each period
0.9

 
(0.1
)
Net change on available-for-sale debt securities, net of tax
(1.1
)
 
1.4

Cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
Unrealized gains, net of tax provisions of $0.3 and $1.7, respectively
13.1

 
5.3

Reclassification adjustment for realized net (gain) loss included in net income, net of tax provisions of $0.6 and $0.3, respectively
(5.1
)
 
1.1

Net change on cash flow hedges, net of tax
8.0

 
6.4

Change in foreign currency translation adjustments
5.3

 
7.9

Other comprehensive income, net of tax
12.2

 
15.7

Comprehensive income
$
46.6

 
$
124.5


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements


4


Juniper Networks, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In millions, except par values)
 
March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
2,614.2

 
$
2,006.5

Short-term investments
317.7

 
1,026.1

Accounts receivable, net of allowances
679.9

 
852.0

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
308.9

 
299.9

Total current assets
3,920.7

 
4,184.5

Property and equipment, net
1,013.8

 
1,021.1

Long-term investments
516.5

 
988.4

Purchased intangible assets, net
123.8

 
128.1

Goodwill
3,096.2

 
3,096.2

Other long-term assets
407.5

 
415.5

Total assets
$
9,078.5

 
$
9,833.8

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
189.2

 
$
217.6

Accrued compensation
172.8

 
186.0

Deferred revenue
888.2

 
1,030.3

Short-term debt
349.3

 

Other accrued liabilities
230.5

 
304.3

Total current liabilities
1,830.0

 
1,738.2

Long-term debt
1,787.7

 
2,136.3

Long-term deferred revenue
368.7

 
509.0

Long-term income taxes payable
649.5

 
650.6

Other long-term liabilities
117.9

 
118.8

Total liabilities
4,753.8

 
5,152.9

Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)


 


Stockholders' equity:
 
 
 
Convertible preferred stock, $0.00001 par value; 10.0 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding

 

Common stock, $0.00001 par value; 1,000.0 shares authorized; 349.0 shares and 365.5 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively

 

Additional paid-in capital
7,615.5

 
8,042.1

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
12.5

 
(5.4
)
Accumulated deficit
(3,303.3
)
 
(3,355.8
)
Total stockholders' equity
4,324.7

 
4,680.9

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
9,078.5

 
$
9,833.8


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

5


Juniper Networks, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
34.4

 
$
108.8

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Share-based compensation expense
70.4

 
62.0

Depreciation, amortization, and accretion
55.7

 
55.8

Other
1.7

 
(1.0
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net
170.8

 
383.0

Prepaid expenses and other assets
(11.7
)
 
(3.5
)
Accounts payable
(31.2
)
 
(18.4
)
Accrued compensation
(14.1
)
 
(47.2
)
Income taxes payable
(7.6
)
 
4.1

Other accrued liabilities
(51.1
)
 
(8.9
)
Deferred revenue
53.8

 
11.9

Net cash provided by operating activities
271.1

 
546.6

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of property and equipment
(42.2
)
 
(32.1
)
Purchases of available-for-sale debt investments
(8.1
)
 
(378.9
)
Proceeds from sales of available-for-sale debt investments
968.0

 
218.8

Proceeds from maturities and redemptions of available-for-sale debt investments
215.4

 
184.3

Purchases of trading investments

 
(1.8
)
Purchases of equity investments
(2.0
)
 

Proceeds from sales of equity investments
3.3

 

Payment of escrow balance related to prior year acquisition
(22.2
)
 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
1,112.2

 
(9.7
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Repurchase and retirement of common stock, including prepayment under an accelerated share repurchase program
(754.2
)
 
(129.7
)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock
29.3

 
33.7

Payment of dividends
(62.1
)
 
(38.0
)
Change in customer financing arrangement
(16.6
)
 

Net cash used in financing activities
(803.6
)
 
(134.0
)
Effect of foreign currency exchange rates on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
6.2

 
7.2

Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
585.9

 
410.1

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period
2,059.1

 
1,880.6

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period
$
2,645.0

 
$
2,290.7


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

6


Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

Note 1. Basis of Presentation

Basis of Presentation

The unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of Juniper Networks, Inc. (the “Company” or “Juniper”) have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2017, has been derived from the audited Consolidated Financial Statements at that date. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, including normal recurring accruals, considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2018, are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2018, or any future period.

The information included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Report”) should be read in conjunction with “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” “Risk Factors,” “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk,” and the Consolidated Financial Statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 (the "Form 10-K").

The Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2016-18 (Topic 230) Statement of Cash Flow: Restricted Cash, effective January 1, 2018, using the retrospective transition method. Restricted cash of $47.4 million and $48.7 million in the prior period have been included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning and ending total amounts, respectively, on the statement of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2017, to conform to the current period presentation. The adoption did not have a material impact on the cash flow activity presented on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2017. See Note 3, Cash Equivalents and Investments for a reconciliation of the cash balances within our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows to the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

The preparation of the financial statements and related disclosures in accordance with U.S. GAAP requires the Company to make judgments, assumptions, and estimates that affect the amounts reported in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and the accompanying notes. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Except for the change in certain policies upon adoption of the accounting standards described below, there have been no material changes to the Company's significant accounting policies, compared to the accounting policies described in Note 2, Significant Accounting Policies, in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of Part II of the Form 10-K.

Recently Adopted Accounting Standard

Comprehensive Income: Effective January 1, 2018, the Company early adopted FASB ASU No. 2018-02 (Topic 220), Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income, issued in February 2018, with an election to reclassify stranded tax effects resulting from the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Tax Act"), from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings. The adoption resulted in a reclassification of $5.7 million in income from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to accumulated deficit as of the adoption date. The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods.

Financial Instruments: On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted FASB ASU No. 2016-01, Financial Instruments—Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities and FASB ASU No. 2018-03, Technical Corrections and Improvements to Financial Instruments - Overall, which changes how entities classify and measure equity investments and present changes in the fair value of financial liabilities measured under the fair value option. The guidance also updates certain presentation and disclosure requirements. The impact of the adoption on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements was as follows:


7

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)

Equity investments with readily determinable fair value: The Company is required to account for changes in fair value of its equity investments with readily determinable fair value in the statements of operations. The Company adopted the standard using a modified retrospective transition method, resulting in no impact to the January 1, 2018 opening accumulated deficit balance.

Equity investments without readily determinable fair value: The Company elected the measurement alternative, defined as cost, less impairments, adjusted for subsequent observable price changes on a prospective basis for all equity investments without readily determinable fair value and is required to account for any subsequent observable changes in fair value in the statements of operations. In addition, the Company is required to perform a qualitative assessment considering impairment indicators at each reporting period to evaluate whether the investment is impaired. If the investment is impaired, the Company will estimate the fair value of the investment and record an impairment loss in the statements of operations equal to the difference between the estimated fair value of the investment and its carrying amount. See Note 3, Cash Equivalents and Investments for additional disclosures required upon adopting the standard.

Deferred tax assets: The Company is required to assess the realizability of deferred tax assets related to available for sale debt securities in combination with its other deferred tax assets, using the same sources of taxable income that are used to assess the need for a valuation allowance on other deferred tax assets. The Company adopted the standard using a modified retrospective transition method, resulting in no impact to the January 1, 2018 opening accumulated deficit balance.


Revenue Recognition: On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted FASB ASU No. 2014-09 (Topic 606) - Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASU 2014-09” or "Topic 606"), which provides guidance for revenue recognition that superseded the revenue recognition requirements in Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 605, Revenue Recognition ("Topic 605") and most industry specific guidance. Under ASU 2014-09, revenue is recognized when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The Company adopted ASU 2014-09 under the modified retrospective approach, applying the amendments to prospective reporting periods. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under Topic 606, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with the historic accounting under Topic 605.
The cumulative effect of the changes made to our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of January 1, 2018 for the adoption of Topic 606 to all contracts with customers that were not completed as of December 31, 2017 was recorded as an adjustment to accumulated deficit as of the adoption date as follows:
 
December 31, 2017
 
 
 
January 1, 2018
 
As reported
 
Adjustments
 
As adjusted
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances
$
852.0

 
$
(1.9
)
 
$
850.1

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
299.9

 
31.5

 
331.4

Other long-term assets
415.5

 
(21.1
)
 
394.4

  Total assets
$
9,833.8

 
$
8.5

 
$
9,842.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred revenue
$
1,030.3

 
$
(211.7
)
 
$
818.6

Other accrued liabilities
304.3

 
31.3

 
335.6

Long-term deferred revenue
509.0

 
(124.6
)
 
384.4

  Total liabilities
$
5,152.9

 
$
(305.0
)
 
$
4,847.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity:
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated deficit
$
(3,355.8
)
 
$
313.5

 
$
(3,042.3
)


8

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)

Upon adoption, the Company recorded a cumulative effect adjustment of $313.5 million, net of tax adjustment of $61.4 million, which decreased the January 1, 2018 opening accumulated deficit balance on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet, primarily as a result of the following items:

Distributor Sales: Under Topic 606, the Company recognizes revenue from sales to distributors upon delivery of the product to the distributor, rather than upon delivery of the product to the end customer. Rebates and incentives offered to distributors, which are earned when sales to end customers are completed, are estimated at the point of revenue recognition.

Software Revenue: Under Topic 605, the Company deferred revenue for software licenses where vendor-specific objective evidence ("VSOE") of fair value had not been established for undelivered items (primarily services). Under Topic 606, revenue for software licenses is recognized at the time of delivery unless the ongoing services provide frequent, critical updates to the software, without which the software functionality would be rapidly diminished.

Variable Consideration: Some of the Company's contracts include penalties, extended payment terms, acceptance provisions or other price variability that precluded revenue recognition under Topic 605 because of the requirement for amounts to be fixed or determinable. Topic 606 requires the Company to estimate and account for variable consideration as a reduction of the transaction price.
 
Revenue Allocation: Similar to Topic 605, Topic 606 requires an allocation of revenue between deliverables, or performance obligations, within an arrangement. Topic 605 restricted the allocation of revenue that is contingent on future deliverables to current deliverables; however, Topic 606 removes this restriction. In addition, the nature of the performance obligations identified within a contract under Topic 606 as compared to Topic 605 will impact the allocation of the transaction price between product and services.

Contract Acquisition Costs: Topic 606 requires the deferral and amortization of “incremental” costs incurred to obtain a contract where the associated contract duration is greater than one year. The primary contract acquisition cost for the Company are sales commissions. Prior to January 1, 2018, the Company expensed sales commissions. The change required by Topic 606 resulted in the creation of an asset on January 1, 2018.

The impact of adoption of Topic 606 on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations and Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet was as follows (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018*  
 
As reported
 
 Without Adoption of Topic 606
 
Topic 606 Impact
Net revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
Product
$
710.8

 
$
682.1

 
$
28.7

Service
371.8

 
398.6

 
(26.8
)
     Total net revenues
$
1,082.6

 
$
1,080.7

 
$
1.9

________________________________
* 
Except as disclosed above, the adoption of Topic 606 did not have a significant impact on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2018.




9

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)

 
As of March 31, 2018
 
As reported
 
Without Adoption of Topic 606
 
Topic 606 Impact
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances
$
679.9

 
$
674.6

 
$
5.3

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
308.9

 
280.4

 
28.5

Other long-term assets
407.5

 
402.2

 
5.3

   Total assets
$
9,078.5

 
$
9,039.4

 
$
39.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred revenue
$
888.2

 
$
1,104.5

 
$
(216.3
)
Other accrued liabilities
230.5

 
170.6

 
59.9

Long-term deferred revenue
368.7

 
484.5

 
(115.8
)
  Total liabilities
$
4,753.8

 
$
5,026.0

 
$
(272.2
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity:
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated deficit
$
(3,303.3
)
 
$
(3,614.6
)
 
$
311.3


Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services by following a five-step process, (1) identify the contract with a customer, (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract, (3) determine the transaction price, (4) allocate the transaction price, and (5) recognize revenue when or as the Company satisfies a performance obligation, as further described below.

Identify the contract with a customer. The Company generally considers a sales contract or agreement with an approved purchase order as a customer contract provided that collection is considered probable, which is assessed based on the creditworthiness of the customer as determined by credit checks, payment histories, and/or other circumstances. The Company combines contracts with a customer if contracts are negotiated with a single commercial substance or contain price dependencies.

Identify the performance obligations in the contract. Product performance obligations include hardware and software licenses and service performance obligations include maintenance, software post-contract support, training, and professional services. Certain software licenses and related post-contract support are combined into a single performance obligation when the maintenance updates are critical to the continued functionality of the software.

Determine the transaction price. The transaction price for the Company’s contracts with its customers consists of both fixed and variable consideration provided it is probable that a significant reversal of revenue will not occur when the uncertainty related to variable consideration is resolved. Fixed consideration includes amounts to be contractually billed to the customer while variable consideration includes estimates for rights of return, rebates, and price protection, which are based on historical sales returns and price protection credits, specific criteria outlined in rebate agreements, and other factors known at the time. The Company generally invoices customers for hardware, software licenses and related maintenance arrangements at time of delivery, and professional services either upfront or upon meeting certain milestones. Customer invoices are generally due within 30 to 90 days after issuance. The Company’s contracts with customers typically do not include significant financing components as the period between the transfer of performance obligations and timing of payment are generally within one year.

Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract. For contracts that contain multiple performance obligations, the Company allocates the transaction price to the performance obligations on a relative standalone selling price basis. Standalone selling prices are based on multiple factors including, but not limited to historical discounting trends for products and

10

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)

services, pricing practices in different geographies and through different sales channels, gross margin objectives, internal costs, competitor pricing strategies, and industry technology lifecycles.

Recognize revenue when or as the Company satisfies a performance obligation. Revenue for hardware and certain software licenses, are recognized at a point in time, which is generally upon shipment or delivery. Certain software licenses combined with post-contract support are recognized over time on a ratable basis over the term of the license. Revenue for maintenance and software post-contract support is recognized over time on a ratable basis over the contract term. Revenue from training and professional services is recognized over time as services are completed or ratably over the contractual period of generally one year or less.

Deferred Commissions

Sales commissions earned by the Company’s sales force are considered incremental and recoverable costs of obtaining a contract with a customer. These costs are deferred and then amortized over a period of benefit which is typically over the term of the customer contracts as initial commission rates and renewal rates are the same. Amortization expense is included in sales and marketing expenses in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Recent Accounting Standards Not Yet Effective

Derivatives and Hedging: In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-12 (Topic 815) Derivatives and Hedging — Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities, which expands an entity's ability to hedge financial and nonfinancial risk components and amends how companies assess effectiveness as well as changes the presentation and disclosure requirements. The new standard is to be applied on a modified retrospective basis and is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adoption on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Amortization on Purchased Callable Debt Securities: In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-08 Receivables—Nonrefundable Fees and Other Costs (Subtopic 310-20): Premium Amortization on Purchased Callable Debt Securities which shortens the amortization period for the premium on certain purchased callable debt securities to the earliest call date. The ASU will not impact debt securities held at a discount. This standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim reporting periods within those annual reporting periods, and is to be applied on a modified retrospective basis with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adoption on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment: In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04 (Topic 350) Intangibles—Goodwill and Other: Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, which removes Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test, which requires a hypothetical purchase price allocation.  Under the amended guidance, a goodwill impairment charge will now be recognized for the amount by which the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the carrying amount of goodwill. This ASU will be applied on a prospective basis and is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted for any impairment tests performed after January 1, 2017.

Credit Losses on Financial Instruments: In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13 (Topic 326) Financial Instruments—Credit Losses: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which provides more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on financial instruments and changes the loss impairment methodology. This pronouncement is effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years, using a modified retrospective adoption method. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that this standard will have on its Consolidated Financial Statements and disclosures.

Leases: In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02 (Topic 842), Leases, which requires recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet by lessees for leases classified as operating leases with a lease term of more than twelve months. This ASU should be applied on a modified retrospective basis and is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company has commenced the assessment phase to determine the approach for implementing this standard and expects it to have a material impact on its Consolidated Balance Sheets and disclosures. The Company is still evaluating the impact this standard will have on the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

11

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Note 3. Cash Equivalents and Investments

Investments in Available-for-Sale Debt Securities

The following table summarizes the Company's unrealized gains and losses and fair value of investments designated as available-for-sale debt securities as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 (in millions):


As of March 31, 2018

As of December 31, 2017

Amortized
Cost

Gross Unrealized
Gains

Gross Unrealized
Losses

Estimated Fair
Value

Amortized
Cost

Gross Unrealized
Gains

Gross Unrealized
Losses

Estimated Fair
Value
Fixed income securities:















Asset-backed securities
$
118.6


$


$
(0.7
)

$
117.9


$
287.1


$


$
(0.6
)

$
286.5

Certificates of deposit
16.5






16.5


83.8






83.8

Commercial paper
40.2






40.2


217.1






217.1

Corporate debt securities
464.9




(5.1
)

459.8


929.6


0.4


(3.0
)

927.0

Foreign government debt securities
24.5




(0.2
)

24.3


62.9




(0.2
)

62.7

Time deposits
265.6






265.6


239.2






239.2

U.S. government agency securities
56.7




(0.5
)

56.2


143.9




(0.7
)

143.2

U.S. government securities
140.8




(0.9
)

139.9


406.8


0.1


(0.9
)

406.0

Total fixed income securities
1,127.8




(7.4
)

1,120.4


2,370.4


0.5


(5.4
)

2,365.5

Privately-held debt and redeemable preferred stock securities
16.1

 
37.4

 

 
53.5


15.9


37.4

 

 
53.3

Total available-for-sale debt securities
$
1,143.9


$
37.4


$
(7.4
)

$
1,173.9


$
2,386.3


$
37.9


$
(5.4
)

$
2,418.8























Reported as:























Cash equivalents
$
286.2


$


$


$
286.2


$
351.0


$


$


$
351.0

Short-term investments
318.9




(1.2
)

317.7


1,027.2


0.1


(1.2
)

1,026.1

Long-term investments
522.7




(6.2
)

516.5


992.2


0.4


(4.2
)

988.4

Other long-term assets
16.1


37.4




53.5

 
15.9


37.4




53.3

Total
$
1,143.9


$
37.4


$
(7.4
)

$
1,173.9


$
2,386.3


$
37.9


$
(5.4
)

$
2,418.8



The following table presents the contractual maturities of the Company's total fixed income securities as of March 31, 2018 (in millions):
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Estimated Fair
Value
Due in less than one year
$
605.1

 
$
603.9

Due between one and five years
522.7

 
516.5

Total
$
1,127.8

 
$
1,120.4






12

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)

The following tables present the Company's total fixed income securities that were in an unrealized loss position as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 (in millions):
 
As of March 31, 2018
 
Less than 12 Months
 
12 Months or Greater
 
Total
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized
Loss
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized
Loss
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized
Loss
Fixed income securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Asset-backed securities
$
90.7

 
$
(0.5
)
 
$
26.2

 
$
(0.2
)
 
$
116.9

 
$
(0.7
)
Corporate debt securities
359.4

 
(4.0
)
 
87.8

 
(1.1
)
 
447.2

 
(5.1
)
Foreign government debt securities
18.8

 
(0.2
)
 
5.5

 

 
24.3

 
(0.2
)
U.S. government agency securities
21.9

 
(0.1
)
 
34.3

 
(0.3
)
 
56.2

 
(0.4
)
U.S. government securities
97.0

 
(0.6
)
 
32.8

 
(0.4
)
 
129.8

 
(1.0
)
Total fixed income securities
$
587.8

 
$
(5.4
)
 
$
186.6

 
$
(2.0
)
 
$
774.4

 
$
(7.4
)

 
As of December 31, 2017
 
Less than 12 Months
 
12 Months or Greater
 
Total
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized
Loss
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized
Loss
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized
Loss
Fixed income securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Asset-backed securities
$
215.2

 
$
(0.4
)
 
$
38.4

 
$
(0.2
)
 
$
253.6

 
$
(0.6
)
Corporate debt securities
646.7

 
(2.1
)
 
108.6

 
(0.9
)
 
755.3

 
(3.0
)
Foreign government debt securities
47.3

 
(0.2
)
 
6.6

 

 
53.9

 
(0.2
)
U.S. government agency securities
68.3

 
(0.2
)
 
67.9

 
(0.5
)
 
136.2

 
(0.7
)
U.S. government securities
260.8

 
(0.7
)
 
51.8

 
(0.2
)
 
312.6

 
(0.9
)
Total fixed income securities
$
1,238.3

 
$
(3.6
)
 
$
273.3

 
$
(1.8
)
 
$
1,511.6

 
$
(5.4
)

For available-for-sale debt securities that have unrealized losses, the Company assesses impairment by evaluating various factors, including whether (i) it has the intention to sell any of these investments and (ii) whether it is more likely than not that it will be required to sell any of these investments before recovery of the entire amortized cost basis. As of March 31, 2018, the Company had 583 investments in unrealized loss positions. The gross unrealized losses related to these investments were primarily due to changes in market interest rates. The Company anticipates that it will recover the entire amortized cost basis of such available-for-sale debt securities and has determined that no other-than-temporary impairments associated with credit losses were required to be recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017.

During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017, there were no material gross realized gains or losses from available-for-sale debt securities.

13

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)

Investments in Equity Securities

The following table presents the Company's investments in equity securities as of March 31, 2018. Balances as of December 31, 2017 were included for comparative purpose and continue to be reported under the accounting standard in effect before adoption of ASU 2016-01 (in millions):
 
 
As of
 
 
March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Equity investments with readily determinable fair value
 
 
 
 
  Money market funds (1)
 
$
1,584.1

 
$
969.8

  Mutual funds (2)
 
25.9

 
27.6

Equity investments without readily determinable fair value (3)
 
30.4

 
29.7

  Total equity securities
 
$
1,640.4

 
$
1,027.1

 
 
 
 
 
Reported as:
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
 
$
1,542.3

 
$
928.0

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
34.6

 
36.3

Other long-term assets
 
63.5

 
62.8

Total
 
$
1,640.4

 
$
1,027.1

________________________________
(1) 
Prior to January 1, 2018, money market funds were classified as available-for-sale securities and accounted for at fair value with unrealized gains and losses recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). Realized gains or losses from sales or impairments were recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
(2) 
Prior to January 1, 2018, mutual funds related to the Company's non-qualified deferred compensation ("NQDC") plan, were classified as trading securities. Unrealized gains or losses were recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
(3) 
Prior to January 1, 2018, certain investments in privately-held companies were accounted for at cost less impairment. Realized gains or losses from sales or impairments were recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017, there were no material unrealized gains or losses recognized for equity investments.

Restricted Cash and Investments

There have been no material changes to the composition of the Company's restricted cash and investments as described in Note 4, Cash Equivalents and Investments, in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of Part II of the Form 10-K, except that the restricted investments are now designated as equity investments upon adoption of ASU 2016-01 as described in Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies. As of March 31, 2018, total restricted cash and investments was $98.5 million, of which $62.4 million was included in prepaid expenses and other current assets and $36.1 million was included in other long-term assets on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash included in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 (in millions):
 
 
As of
 
 
March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
2,614.2

 
$
2,006.5

Restricted cash included in Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
27.8

 
49.6

Restricted cash included in Other long-term assets
 
3.0

 
3.0

  Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
 
$
2,645.0

 
$
2,059.1

 
 
 
 
 

14

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)

Note 4. Fair Value Measurements
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The following table provides a summary of assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis and as reported in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (in millions):

Fair Value Measurements at
March 31, 2018



Fair Value Measurements at
December 31, 2017



Quoted Prices in
Active Markets For
Identical Assets
(Level 1)

Significant Other
Observable
Remaining Inputs
(Level 2)

Significant Other
Unobservable
Remaining Inputs
(Level 3)

Total

Quoted Prices in
Active Markets For
Identical Assets
(Level 1)

Significant Other
Observable
Remaining Inputs
(Level 2)

Significant Other
Unobservable
Remaining Inputs
(Level 3)

Total
Assets:















Available-for-sale debt securities:




















Asset-backed securities
$


$
117.9


$


$
117.9


$


$
286.5


$


$
286.5

Certificates of deposit


16.5




16.5




83.8




83.8

Commercial paper


40.2




40.2




217.1




217.1

Corporate debt securities


459.8




459.8




927.0




927.0

Foreign government debt securities


24.3




24.3




62.7




62.7

Time deposits


265.6




265.6




239.2




239.2

U.S. government agency securities


56.2




56.2




143.2




143.2

U.S. government securities
122.9


17.0




139.9


322.4


83.6




406.0

Privately-held debt and redeemable preferred stock securities

 

 
53.5

 
53.5

 

 

 
53.3

 
53.3

Total available-for-sale debt securities
122.9


997.5


53.5


1,173.9


322.4


2,043.1


53.3


2,418.8

Equity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mutual funds(1)
25.9






25.9


27.6






27.6

Money market funds(2)
1,584.1

 

 

 
1,584.1

 
969.8

 

 

 
969.8

Total equity securities
1,610.0

 

 

 
1,610.0

 
997.4

 

 

 
997.4

Derivative assets:























Foreign exchange contracts


15.9




15.9




9.2




9.2

Total assets measured at fair value
$
1,732.9


$
1,013.4


$
53.5


$
2,799.8


$
1,319.8


$
2,052.3


$
53.3


$
3,425.4

Liabilities:





















Derivative liabilities:





















Foreign exchange contracts
$


$
(0.7
)

$


$
(0.7
)

$


$
(1.8
)

$


$
(1.8
)
Total liabilities measured at fair value
$


$
(0.7
)

$


$
(0.7
)

$


$
(1.8
)

$


$
(1.8
)






















Total assets, reported as:





















Cash equivalents
$
1,542.3


$
286.2


$


$
1,828.5


$
928.1


$
350.9


$


$
1,279.0

Short-term investments
77.1


240.6




317.7


247.5


778.6




1,026.1

Long-term investments
45.8


470.7




516.5


74.8


913.6




988.4

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
34.6


15.9




50.5


36.3


9.2




45.5

Other long-term assets
33.1




53.5


86.6


33.1




53.3


86.4

Total assets measured at fair value
$
1,732.9


$
1,013.4


$
53.5


$
2,799.8


$
1,319.8


$
2,052.3


$
53.3


$
3,425.4























Total liabilities, reported as:





















Other accrued liabilities
$


$
(0.7
)

$


$
(0.7
)

$


$
(1.8
)

$


$
(1.8
)
Total liabilities measured at fair value
$


$
(0.7
)

$


$
(0.7
)

$


$
(1.8
)

$


$
(1.8
)
________________________________
(1) 
Balance relates to restricted investments measured at fair value related to the Company's NQDC plan.
(2) 
Balance includes $41.8 million restricted investments measured at fair value, related to the Company's Directors and Officers indemnification trust ("D&O") Trust and acquisition-related escrows as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017.


15

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)


The Company's Level 2 available-for-sale debt securities are priced using quoted market prices for similar instruments or non-binding market prices that are corroborated by observable market data. The Company uses inputs such as actual trade data, benchmark yields, broker/dealer quotes, or alternative pricing sources with reasonable levels of price transparency which are obtained from quoted market prices, independent pricing vendors, or other sources, to determine the ultimate fair value of these assets. The Company's derivative instruments are classified as Level 2, as they are not actively traded and are valued using pricing models that use observable market inputs. The Company's policy is to recognize asset or liability transfers among Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 at the beginning of the quarter in which a change in circumstances resulted in a transfer. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company had no transfers between levels of the fair value hierarchy of its assets or liabilities measured at fair value.

All of the Company's privately-held debt and redeemable preferred stock securities are classified as Level 3 assets due to the lack of observable inputs to determine fair value. The Company estimates the fair value of its privately-held debt and redeemable preferred stock securities on a recurring basis using an analysis of the financial condition and near-term prospects of the investee, including recent financing activities and the investee's capital structure. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, there were no significant activities related to privately-held debt and redeemable preferred stocks securities.

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis

Certain of the Company's assets, including intangible assets and goodwill are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis, when they are deemed to be other-than temporarily impaired. There were no impairment charges recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2018.

Equity investments without readily determinable fair value are measured at fair value, when they are deemed to be impaired or when there is an adjustment from observable price changes. For the three months ended March 31, 2018, there was no impairment charges or adjustments resulting from observable price changes for equity investments without readily determinable fair value.

As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had no liabilities required to be measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis.

Assets and Liabilities Not Measured at Fair Value

The carrying amounts of the Company's accounts receivable, accounts payable, and other accrued liabilities approximate fair value due to their short maturities. As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the estimated fair value of the Company's short-term and long-term debt in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets was $2,200.0 million and $2,252.9 million, respectively, based on observable market inputs (Level 2). The carrying value of the promissory note issued to the Company in connection with the previously completed sale of Junos Pulse (the “Pulse Note”), of $61.2 million approximates its fair value as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017. The Pulse Note is classified as a Level 3 asset due to the lack of observable inputs to determine fair value.

16

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)

Note 5. Derivative Instruments

The Company uses derivatives to partially offset its market exposure to fluctuations in certain foreign currencies and does not enter into derivatives for speculative or trading purposes.

The notional amount of the Company's foreign currency derivatives are summarized as follows (in millions):
 
As of
 
March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Cash flow hedges
$
378.3

 
$
521.1

Non-designated derivatives
157.7

 
108.3

   Total
$
536.0

 
$
629.4


Cash Flow Hedges

The Company uses foreign currency forward contracts to hedge the Company's planned cost of revenues and operating expenses denominated in foreign currencies. These derivatives are designated as cash flow hedges. Execution of cash flow hedge derivatives typically occurs every month with maturities of eighteen months or less. As of March 31, 2018, an estimated $15.9 million of existing net gains within accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) is expected to be reclassified into earnings within the next 12 months.

The Company recognized an unrealized gain of $13.4 million and $7.0 million in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the effective portion of its derivative instruments for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017, respectively. The Company reclassified a gain of $5.6 million out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to cost of revenues and operating expenses in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations during the three months ended March 31, 2018. The amount reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to cost of revenues and operating expenses in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations during the three months ended March 31, 2017 was not material.

The ineffective portion of the Company's derivative instruments recognized in its Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations was not material during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017.

See Note 4, Fair Value Measurements, for the fair values of the Company's derivative instruments in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Non-Designated Derivatives

The Company also uses foreign currency forward contracts to mitigate variability in gains and losses generated from the remeasurement of certain monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies. These foreign exchange forward contracts typically have maturities of approximately one to three months. The outstanding non-designated derivative instruments are carried at fair value. Changes in the fair value of these derivatives recorded in other expense, net within the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations were not material during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017.


17

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)

Note 6. Other Financial Information

Inventory

Total inventory consisted of the following (in millions):
 
As of

March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Production and service materials
$
62.9

 
$
71.2

Finished goods
33.1

 
26.6

Inventory
$
96.0

 
$
97.8

 
 
 
 
Reported as:
 
 
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
$
92.6

 
$
93.8

Other long-term assets
3.4

 
4.0

Total
$
96.0

 
$
97.8


Warranties

Changes during the three months ended March 31, 2018 in the Company’s warranty reserve as reported within other accrued liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets were as follows (in millions):
Balance as of December 31, 2017
$
27.4

Provisions made during the period
8.2

Actual costs incurred during the period
(8.3
)
Balance as of March 31, 2018
$
27.3


Deferred Revenue

Details of the Company's deferred revenue, as reported in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, were as follows (in millions):
 
As of
 
March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Deferred product revenue:
 
 
 
Undelivered product commitments and other product deferrals
$
166.4

 
$
312.6

Distributor inventory and other sell-through items

 
68.1

Deferred gross product revenue
166.4

 
380.7

Deferred cost of product revenue
(7.6
)
 
(46.5
)
Deferred product revenue, net
158.8

 
334.2

Deferred service revenue
1,098.1

 
1,205.1

Total
$
1,256.9

 
$
1,539.3

Reported as:
 
 
 
Current
$
888.2

 
$
1,030.3

Long-term
368.7

 
509.0

Total
$
1,256.9

 
$
1,539.3



18

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)

Revenue

See Note 11, Segments for disaggregated revenue by product and service, customer vertical and geographic region.

Product and service revenue of $39.5 million and $265.0 million included in deferred revenue at January 1, 2018 was recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2018.

The following table summarizes the transaction price for contracts that have not yet been recognized as revenue as of March 31, 2018 and when the Company expects to recognize the amounts as revenue (in millions):
 
 
Revenue Recognition Expected by Period
 
 
Total
 
Less than 1 year
 
1-3 years
 
More than 3 years
Product
 
$
166.4

 
$
144.0

 
$
19.1

 
$
3.3

Service
 
1,098.1

 
751.9

 
324.2

 
22.0

Total
 
$
1,264.5

 
$
895.9

 
$
343.3

 
$
25.3


Deferred Commissions

Deferred commissions were $30.9 million as of March 31, 2018. For the three months ended March 31, 2018, amortization expense for the deferred commissions was $40.5 million and there was no impairment loss in relation to the deferred commissions.

Other Expense, Net

Other expense, net, consisted of the following (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Interest income
$
14.9

 
$
10.4

Interest expense
(26.0
)
 
(25.3
)
(Loss) gain on investments, net
(0.5
)
 
1.2

Other
(2.5
)
 
(2.0
)
Other expense, net
$
(14.1
)
 
$
(15.7
)


19

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)

Note 7. Restructuring (Benefits) Charges

During 2017, the Company initiated a restructuring plan (the “2017 Restructuring Plan”) to realign its workforce and increase operational efficiencies. The 2017 Restructuring Plan consisted of severance and contract termination costs that were recorded to restructuring (benefits) charges in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Restructuring liabilities are reported within other accrued liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The following table provides a summary of changes in the restructuring liabilities (in millions):
 
December 31,
2017
 
Benefits
 
Cash
Payments
 

Other
 
March 31,
2018
Severance
$
17.7

 
$
(0.9
)
 
$
(14.2
)
 
$
0.1

 
$
2.7

Contract terminations and other
2.3

 
(1.0
)
 
(1.3
)
 

 

Total
$
20.0

 
$
(1.9
)
 
$
(15.5
)
 
$
0.1

 
$
2.7

The Company does not anticipate future charges under the 2017 Restructuring Plan and expects to pay the remaining restructuring liabilities in the second quarter of 2018, at which time, the Company would consider the 2017 Restructuring Plan to be substantially completed.

Note 8. Financing Arrangements

The Company provides certain customers with access to extended financing arrangements that allow for longer payment terms than those typically provided by the Company by factoring accounts receivable to third-party financing providers (“financing providers”). The program does not and is not intended to affect the timing of the Company's revenue recognition. Under the financing arrangements, proceeds from the financing providers are due to the Company within 1 to 90 days from the sale of the receivable. In these transactions with the financing providers, the Company surrenders control over the transferred assets.

Pursuant to the financing arrangements for the sale of receivables, the Company sold net receivables of $35.8 million and $25.4 million during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017, respectively. The Company received cash proceeds from financing providers of $33.0 million and $23.1 million during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017, respectively. As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the amounts owed by the financing providers were $16.5 million and $13.7 million, respectively, which were recorded in accounts receivable in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Note 9. Equity

Cash Dividends on Shares of Common Stock

During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.18 per share of common stock on January 30, 2018, which was paid on March 22, 2018 to stockholders of record on March 1, 2018 in the aggregate amount of $62.1 million. Any future dividends, and the establishment of record and payment dates, are subject to approval by the Board of Directors (the “Board”) of Juniper Networks or an authorized committee thereof. See Note 15, Subsequent Events, for discussion of the Company's dividend declaration subsequent to March 31, 2018.

Stock Repurchase Activities

In January 2018, the Board approved a $2.0 billion share repurchase program, including $750.0 million to be used pursuant to an accelerated share repurchase program ("2018 Stock Repurchase Program"). The 2018 Stock Repurchase Program replaces the previous authorization approved by the Board in 2014 ("2014 Stock Repurchase Program").

As part of the 2018 Stock Repurchase Program, in February 2018, the Company entered into an accelerated share repurchase program (the "ASR") with two financial institutions to repurchase $750.0 million of the Company's common stock. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company made an up-front payment of $750.0 million pursuant to the ASR and received an initial 23.3 million shares of the Company's common stock for an aggregate price of $600.0 million, based on the market value of the Company's common stock on the date of the transaction. The initial shares received by the Company were retired, accounted

20

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)

for as a reduction to stockholders' equity in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, and treated as a repurchase of common stock for purposes of calculating earnings per share. The forward contract for the remaining $150.0 million is considered indexed to the Company's common stock and met all of the applicable criteria for equity classification.

The total number of shares of the Company's common stock to be ultimately received under the ASR will be calculated using the average daily volume weighted average price of the Company's stock during the repurchase period, less an agreed upon discount. Final settlement of the transactions under the ASR is expected to be completed no sooner than May 11, 2018 and no later than August 6, 2018. If the initial shares received are less than the calculated total number of shares to be ultimately received under the ASR, then the financial institutions will be required to deliver additional shares of common stock to the Company at settlement. If however, the initial shares received are greater than the calculated total number of shares to be ultimately received, the Company has the option to either issue shares of common stock or make cash payments to the financial institutions.

The following table summarizes the Company's stock repurchases and retirements, including prepayment pursuant to the ASR, under its stock repurchase programs (in millions, except per share amounts):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2018 (1)
 
2017 (2)
Repurchases Under Stock Repurchase Program
 
 
 
Shares repurchased
23.3

 
4.5

Average price per share
$
25.80

 
$
28.03

Amount repurchased
$
750.0

 
$
125.0

________________________________
(1) Shares repurchased under the 2018 Stock Repurchase Program.
(2) Shares repurchased under the 2014 Stock Repurchase Program.

As of March 31, 2018, there was $1.3 billion of authorized funds remaining under the 2018 Stock Repurchase Program.

Future share repurchases under the 2018 Stock Repurchase Program will be subject to a review of the circumstances at that time and will be made from time to time in private transactions or open market purchases as permitted by securities laws and other legal requirements. The Company's 2018 Stock Repurchase Program may be discontinued at any time.

In addition to repurchases under the 2018 Stock Repurchase Program, the Company also repurchases common stock from certain employees in connection with the net issuance of shares to satisfy applicable tax withholding requirements upon the vesting of certain stock awards issued to such employees. Repurchases associated with tax withholdings were not material during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017.

21

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax

The components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of related taxes, for the three months ended March 31, 2018 were as follows (in millions):
 
Unrealized
Gains/Losses
on Available-for-
Sale Debt Securities(1)
 
Unrealized
 Gains
on Cash Flow
Hedges(2)
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
Adjustments
 
Total
Balance as of December 31, 2017
$
19.0

 
$
6.0

 
$
(30.4
)
 
$
(5.4
)
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications
(2.0
)
 
13.1

 
5.3

 
16.4

Amount reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
0.9

 
(5.1
)
 

 
(4.2
)
Reclassification of tax effects upon adoption of ASU 2018-02
5.0

 
0.7

 

 
5.7

Other comprehensive income, net
3.9

 
8.7

 
5.3

 
17.9

Balance as of March 31, 2018
$
22.9

 
$
14.7

 
$
(25.1
)
 
$
12.5

________________________________
(1) 
The reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) during the three months ended March 31, 2018 for realized losses on available-for-sale debt securities were included in other expense, net, in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.         
(2) 
The reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) during the three months ended March 31, 2018 for realized gains on cash flow hedges were included within cost of revenues, research and development, sales and marketing, and general and administrative in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and were not material individually.
    
Note 10. Employee Benefit Plans

Equity Incentive Plans

The Company has stock-based compensation plans pursuant to which it has granted stock options, restricted stock units (“RSUs”), and performance share awards (“PSAs”). The Company also maintains its 2008 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “ESPP”) for all eligible employees.

As of March 31, 2018, 24.3 million and 9.9 million shares were available for future issuance under the Company's 2015 Equity Incentive Plan (the "2015 Plan") and the ESPP, respectively.

22

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)

Stock Option Activities

The following table summarizes the Company’s stock option activity and related information as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2018 (in millions, except for per share amounts and years):
 
Outstanding Options
 
Number of Shares
 
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
per Share
 
Weighted Average
Remaining
Contractual Term
(In Years)
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
Balance as of December 31, 2017
0.9

 
$
34.41

 
 
 
 
  Expired/Canceled
(0.6
)
 
40.75

 
 
 
 
Balance as of March 31, 2018
0.3

 
$
20.02

 
2.5
 
$
1.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of March 31, 2018:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vested and expected-to-vest options
0.3

 
$
20.02

 
2.5
 
$
1.9

Exercisable options
0.2

 
$
21.87

 
1.8
 
$
1.4


Restricted Stock Unit, Restricted Stock Award, and Performance Share Award Activities

The Company’s RSU, restricted stock award ("RSA"), and PSA activity and related information as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2018 were as follows (in millions, except per share amounts and years):
 
Outstanding RSUs, RSAs, and PSAs(4)
 
Number of Shares
 
Weighted Average
Grant-Date Fair
Value per Share
 
Weighted Average
Remaining
Contractual Term
(In Years)
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
Balance as of December 31, 2017
19.5

 
$
25.39

 
 
 
 
RSUs granted (1)(3)
4.9

 
25.11

 
 
 
 
PSAs granted (2)(3)
0.7

 
24.43

 
 
 
 
RSUs vested
(4.5
)
 
25.42

 
 
 
 
PSAs vested
(1.1
)
 
24.13

 
 
 
 
RSUs canceled
(0.5
)
 
26.36

 
 
 
 
PSAs canceled
(0.6
)
 
24.26

 
 
 
 
Balance as of March 31, 2018
18.4

 
$
25.35

 
1.4
 
$
448.0

________________________________
(1) 
Includes service-based and market-based RSUs. The number of shares subject to market-based condition represents the aggregate maximum number of shares that may be issued pursuant to the award over its full term. The aggregate number of shares subject to market-based condition that would be issued if market criteria determined by the Compensation Committee of the Board are achieved at target is 0.1 million shares. Depending on achievement of such performance goals, the range of shares that could be issued under these awards is 0 to 0.3 million shares.
(2) 
The number of shares subject to PSAs granted represents the aggregate maximum number of shares that may be issued pursuant to the award over its full term. The aggregate number of shares subject to these PSAs that would be issued if performance goals determined by the Compensation Committee of the Board are achieved at target is 0.4 million shares. Depending on achievement of such performance goals, the range of shares that could be issued under these awards is 0 to 0.7 million shares.
(3) 
The grant date fair value of RSUs and PSAs were reduced by the present value of dividends expected to be paid on the underlying shares of common stock during the requisite and derived service period as these awards are not entitled to receive dividends until vested. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.18 per share of common stock on January 30, 2018.
(4) 
Excludes 1.9 million shares of PSAs that were modified during the three months ended March 31, 2018, which relate primarily to PSAs assumed by the Company in connection with acquisitions consummated in 2016. These awards are contingent upon the achievement of certain performance milestones. The total incremental compensation cost resulting from the modifications totaled $5.6 million to be recognized over the remaining terms of the modified awards.


23

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

On November 6, 2017, the Company’s Compensation Committee amended and restated the ESPP to provide that for the offering period that begins on February 1, 2018, the ESPP will consist of a 24-month offering period with four 6-month purchase periods in each offering period. The purchase price for the Company’s common stock under the ESPP will be 85% of the lower of the fair market value of the shares at (1) the beginning of a rolling 2 year offering period or (2) the end of each 6-month purchase period during such offering period. The ESPP will continue in effect until February 25, 2028, unless terminated earlier under the provisions of the ESPP.
For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017, employees purchased approximately 1.3 million and 1.5 million shares of common stock through the ESPP at an average exercise price of $22.23 and $19.21 per share, respectively.

Share-Based Compensation Expense

Share-based compensation expense associated with stock options, RSUs, RSAs, PSAs, and ESPP was recorded in the following cost and expense categories in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Cost of revenues - Product
$
1.9

 
$
0.9

Cost of revenues - Service
4.8

 
4.3

Research and development
44.1

 
34.8

Sales and marketing
13.5

 
15.3

General and administrative
6.1

 
6.7

Total
$
70.4

 
$
62.0


The following table summarizes share-based compensation expense by award type (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Stock options
$
0.1

 
$
0.1

RSUs, RSAs, and PSAs
65.6

 
57.8

ESPP
4.7

 
4.1

Total
$
70.4

 
$
62.0


As of March 31, 2018, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested share-based awards was $413.9 million to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.9 years.



24

Juniper Networks, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)

Note 11. Segments

The Company operates in one reportable segment. The Company's chief executive officer, who is the chief operating decision maker, reviews financial information presented on a consolidated basis for purposes of allocating resources and evaluating financial performance, accompanied by disaggregated information about net revenues by product and service, customer vertical, and geographic region as presented below.


The following table presents net revenues by product and service (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Routing
$
408.1

 
$
521.6

Switching
230.0

 
241.6

Security
72.7

 
65.7

Total product
710.8

 
828.9

 
 
 
 
Total service
371.8

 
392.1

Total
$
1,082.6

 
$
1,221.0


The following table presents net revenues by customer vertical (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Cloud
$
268.3

 
$
331.6

Service Provider
479.9

 
568.5

Enterprise
334.4

 
320.9

Total
$
1,082.6

 
$
1,221.0


The Company attributes revenues to geographic region based on the customer’s shipping address. The following table presents net revenues by geographic region (in millions):