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Table of Contents

 

 

United States

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

 

(MARK ONE)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from to .

Commission file number 001-13439

 

DRIL-QUIP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

74-2162088

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

6401 N. Eldridge Parkway

Houston, Texas

77041

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (713) 939-7711

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class

Trading symbol(s)

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common Stock, $.01 par value per share

DRQ

New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined by Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☒ No ☐

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ☐ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of regulations S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-Accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

 

 

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.¨ ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No ☒

At June 30, 2021, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s Common Stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $1,178,900,000 based on the closing price of such stock on such date of $33.83.

At February 21, 2022, the number of shares outstanding of registrant’s Common Stock was 34,792,487.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for its 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A are incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K.

 

 


Table of Contents

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I

 

 

Item 1.

Business

5

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

18

 

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

28

 

Item 2.

Properties

28

 

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

29

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosure

29

 

 

 

PART II

 

 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Stock, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

30

 

Item 6.

[Removed and Reserved]

32

 

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

33

 

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

44

 

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

45

 

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

74

 

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

74

 

Item 9B.

Other Information

74

 

Item 9C.

Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections

74

 

 

 

PART III

 

 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

75

 

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

75

 

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

75

 

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

75

 

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

75

 

 

 

PART IV

 

 

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

76

 

Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary

79

 

 

Signatures

80

 

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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Annual Report on Form 10-K includes certain statements that may be deemed to be “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Statements contained in all parts of this document that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties that are beyond the control of Dril-Quip, Inc. (the “Company” or “Dril-Quip”). You can identify the Company’s forward-looking statements by the words “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “may,” “project,” “believe” and similar expressions, or by the Company’s discussion of strategies or trends. Although the Company believes that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, no assurance can be given that these expectations will prove to be correct. These forward-looking statements include the following types of information and statements as they relate to the Company:

the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and the effects thereof;
the impact of actions taken by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and the expanded alliance (OPEC+) in response to their dispute over production levels and the effects thereof;
future operating results and cash flow;
scheduled, budgeted and other future capital expenditures;
planned or estimated cost savings;
working capital requirements;
the need for and the availability of expected sources of liquidity;
the introduction into the market of the Company’s future products;
the Company's ability to deliver its backlog in a timely fashion;
the market for the Company’s existing and future products;
the Company’s ability to develop new applications for its technologies;
the exploration, development and production activities of the Company’s customers;
compliance with present and future environmental regulations and costs associated with environmentally related penalties, capital expenditures, remedial actions and proceedings;
effects of pending legal proceedings;
changes in customers’ future product and service requirements that may not be cost effective or within the Company’s capabilities;
future operations, financial results, business plans and cash needs; and
the overall timing and level of transition of the global energy sector from fossil-based systems of energy production and consumption to more renewable energy sources.

These statements are based on assumptions and analysis in light of the Company’s experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors the Company believes were appropriate in the circumstances when the statements were made. Forward-looking statements by their nature involve substantial risks and uncertainties that could significantly impact expected results, and actual future results could differ materially from those described in such statements. While it is not possible to identify all factors, the Company continues to face many risks and uncertainties. Among the factors that could cause actual future results to differ materially are the risks and uncertainties discussed under “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in this report and the following:

the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic;
the effects of actions taken by third parties, including, but not limited to, governmental authorities, customers, contractors and suppliers in response to the COVID-19 pandemic;
the general volatility of oil and natural gas prices;
the impact of actions taken by OPEC+ to adjust their production levels;
the cyclical nature of the oil and gas industry;

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uncertainties associated with the United States and worldwide economies;
uncertainties regarding political tensions in the Middle East, South America, Africa and elsewhere;
current and potential governmental regulatory actions in the United States and regulatory actions and political unrest in other countries;
uncertainties regarding future oil and gas exploration and production activities, including new regulations, customs requirements and product testing requirements;
operating interruptions (including explosions, fires, weather-related incidents, mechanical failure, unscheduled downtime, labor difficulties, transportation interruptions, spills and releases and other environmental risks);
project terminations, suspensions or scope adjustments to contracts reflected in the Company’s backlog;
the Company’s reliance on product development;
technological developments;
the Company’s reliance on third-party technologies;
acquisition and merger activities involving the Company or its competitors;
the Company’s dependence on key employees and skilled machinists, fabricators and technical personnel;
the Company’s reliance on sources of raw materials, including any increase in steel costs or decreases in steel supply as a result of global tariffs on certain imported steel mill products;
impact of environmental matters, including future environmental regulations;
competitive products and pricing pressures;
fluctuations in foreign currency, including those attributable to Brexit;
the ability of the OPEC+ to set and maintain production levels and pricing;
oil and natural gas production levels by non-OPEC+ countries;
the Company’s reliance on significant customers;
creditworthiness of the Company’s customers;
fixed-price contracts;
changes in general economic, market or business conditions;
access to capital markets;
negative outcome of litigation, threatened litigation or government proceedings;
the impact of global health epidemics and concerns;
terrorist threats or acts, war and civil disturbances;
changes to, and differing interpretations of, tax laws with respect to our operations and subsidiaries;
declines in investor and lender sentiment with respect to, and new capital investments in, the oil and gas industry; and
the impact of our customers and the global energy sector shifting some of their asset allocation from fossil-fuel production to renewable energy resources.

Many of such factors are beyond the Company’s ability to control or predict, and the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic may give rise to risks that are currently unknown or amplify the risks associated with many of these factors. Any of the factors, or a combination of these factors, could materially affect the Company’s future results of operations and the ultimate accuracy of the forward-looking statements. Management cautions against putting undue reliance on forward-looking statements or projecting any future results based on such statements or present or prior earnings levels. Every forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date of the particular statement, and the Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement.

 

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PART I

Item 1. Business

General

Dril-Quip, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company” or “Dril-Quip”), designs, manufactures, sells and services highly engineered drilling and production equipment that is well suited primarily for use in deepwater, harsh environment and severe service applications. The Company’s principal products consist of subsea and surface wellheads, subsea and surface production trees, mudline hanger systems, specialty connectors and associated pipe, drilling and production riser systems, liner hangers, wellhead connectors, diverters and safety valves. Dril-Quip’s products are used by major integrated, large independent and foreign national oil and gas companies and drilling contractors throughout the world. Dril-Quip also provides technical advisory assistance on an as-requested basis during installation of its products, as well as rework and reconditioning services for customer-owned Dril-Quip products. In addition, Dril-Quip’s customers may rent or purchase running tools from the Company for use in the installation and retrieval of the Company’s products.

Dril-Quip has developed its broad line of subsea equipment, surface equipment and offshore rig equipment primarily through its internal product research and development efforts. The Company believes that it has achieved significant market share and brand name recognition with respect to its established products due to the technological capabilities, reliability, cost effectiveness and operational timesaving features of these products.

The Company’s operations are organized into three geographic segments — Western Hemisphere (including North and South America; headquartered in Houston, Texas), Eastern Hemisphere (including Europe and Africa; headquartered in Aberdeen, Scotland) and Asia-Pacific (including the Pacific Rim, Southeast Asia, Australia, India and the Middle East; headquartered in Singapore). Each of these segments sells similar products and services, and the Company has manufacturing facilities in all three of its regional headquarter locations, as well as in Macae, Brazil. The Company’s major subsidiaries are Dril-Quip (Europe) Limited, located in Aberdeen with branches in Azerbaijan, Denmark, Norway and Holland; Dril-Quip Asia-Pacific PTE Ltd., located in Singapore; and Dril-Quip do Brasil LTDA, located in Macae, Brazil. Other operating subsidiaries include TIW Corporation (TIW) and Honing, Inc., both located in Houston, Texas; DQ Holdings Pty. Ltd., located in Perth, Australia; Dril-Quip Cross (Ghana) Ltd., located in Takoradi, Ghana; PT DQ Oilfield Services Indonesia, located in Jakarta, Indonesia; Dril-Quip Egypt for Petroleum Services S.A.E., located in Alexandria, Egypt; Dril-Quip TIW Saudi Arabia Limited, located in Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Dril-Quip Oilfield Services (Tianjin) Co. Ltd., located in Tianjin, China, with branches in Shenzhen and Beijing, China; Dril-Quip Qatar LLC, located in Doha, Qatar; Dril-Quip TIW Mexico S. de R.L.C.V., located in Villahermosa, Mexico; and Dril-Quip Venezuela S.C.A., located in Anaco, Venezuela and with a registered branch located in Ecuador.

Dril-Quip markets its products through its offices and sales representatives located in the major international energy markets throughout the world. In 2021 the Company generated approximately 63.8% of its revenues from foreign sales compared to 66.7% and 65.0% in 2020 and 2019, respectively.

The Company makes available, free of charge on its website, its Annual Report on Form 10-K and quarterly reports on Form 10-Q (in both HTML and XBRL formats), current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act as soon as reasonably practical after it electronically files such reports with, or furnishes them to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The Company’s website address is www.dril-quip.com. Documents and information on the Company’s website, or on any other website, are not incorporated by reference into this Form 10-K. The SEC maintains a website (www.sec.gov) that contains reports the Company has filed with the SEC.

The Company also makes available free of charge on its website (www.dril-quip.com/govern.html) its:

Corporate Governance Guidelines,
Code of Business Conduct and Ethical Practices,
Audit Committee Charter,
Nominating and Governance Committee Charter, and
Compensation Committee Charter.

Any stockholder, who so requests, may obtain a printed copy of any of these documents from the Company. Changes in or waivers to the Company's Code of Business Conduct and Ethical Practices involving directors and executive officers of the Company will be posted on its website.

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Overview and Industry Outlook

The Company's operations are continuing to experience disruptions resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, albeit to a lesser degree as compared to 2020. During the first half of 2021, increased availability of the COVID-19 vaccines to the general population had resulted in a lower rate of new infections, hospitalizations and deaths in the current year, as compared to 2020. In late 2021, some restrictions to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 began to return in many regions, notably Europe, even before the Omicron variant surfaced. The effect of the pandemic and the actions and changes in consumer behavior resulting from the pandemic continue to impact our business and have significantly reduced global economic activity and global demand for oil and gas, despite improvements in the current year. Effects of the pandemic are also seen in our supply chain as a result of logistics bottlenecks which are resulting in increased transportation costs. We experienced delayed recovery in 2021 as the market continued to be volatile and challenging. Supply and pricing were impacted by a blend of OPEC+ production agreements and reduced capital spending by operators in the North American region. The extent of the impact of the pandemic, including economic impacts that may persist following the widespread global deployment of vaccines, and the fluctuations in demand for oil on our operational and financial performance will depend on future developments, which are uncertain and cannot be predicted. An extended period of economic disruption could have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations, access to sources of liquidity and overall financial condition.

Both the market for drilling and production equipment and services and the Company’s business are substantially dependent on the condition of the oil and gas industry and, in particular, the willingness of oil and gas companies to make capital expenditures on exploration, drilling and production operations. The level of capital expenditures has generally been dependent upon the prevailing view of future oil and gas prices, which are influenced by numerous factors affecting the supply and demand for oil and gas, including worldwide economic activity, interest rates and the cost of capital, environmental regulation, tax policies and the ability and/or desire of OPEC+ and other producing nations to set and maintain production levels and prices. Oil price recovery which had begun in 2020 continued in 2021 as the oil markets remained encouraging throughout the year. Brent oil prices started the year with a low of around $50 per barrel and reached a high of about $86 in October.

Although crude oil prices recovered during 2021, we have just started to see an increase in activity from our customers as any recovery in the subsea market generally lags relative to the overall recovery in crude oil prices. Crude oil prices increased in 2021 as increasing COVID-19 vaccination rates, loosening pandemic-related restrictions, and a growing economy resulted in global petroleum demand rising faster than petroleum supply. Surges in COVID-19 variants could cause restrictions and disruptions to return as we are seeing in the case of the Omicron variant. This could lead to decreased demand and an oversupply resulting in an imbalance causing a decrease in crude oil prices. According to the January 2022 release of the Short-Term Energy Outlook published by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the U.S. Department of Energy, Brent crude oil prices averaged approximately $70.86 per barrel in 2021, and the price is forecasted to average $74.95 per barrel in 2022 and $67.50 per barrel in 2023.

Brent crude oil prices per barrel for the three-year period ended December 31, 2021 are summarized below:

 

 

 

Brent Crude Oil Prices

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

High

 

$

85.76

 

 

$

70.25

 

 

$

74.94

 

Low

 

$

50.37

 

 

$

9.12

 

 

$

53.23

 

Average

 

$

70.86

 

 

$

41.96

 

 

$

64.28

 

Closing, December 31,

 

$

77.24

 

 

$

51.22

 

 

$

67.77

 

 

The volatility in Brent crude oil prices over the past three years continues to have a significant effect on major integrated, large independent and foreign national oil and gas companies’ capital expenditure budgets. The Company expects continued pressure in both crude oil and natural gas prices, as well as in the level of drilling and production related activities, particularly as they relate to offshore activities. Even during periods of high prices for oil and natural gas, companies exploring for oil and gas may cancel or curtail programs, seek to renegotiate contract terms, including the price of products and services, or reduce their levels of capital expenditures for exploration and production for a variety of reasons. Capital expenditures are also dependent on the cost of exploring for and producing oil and gas, the availability, expiration date and price of leases, the discovery rate of new oil and gas reserves, technological advances and alternative opportunities to invest in onshore exploration and production operations. Oil and gas prices and the level of drilling and production activity have historically been characterized by significant volatility. Future declines in oil and gas prices may further adversely affect the willingness of some oil and gas companies to make capital expenditures on exploration, drilling and production operations, which could have an adverse impact on the Company’s results of operations, financial position and cash flows. In its January 2022 Short-Term Energy Outlook, the EIA reported United States crude oil production averaged an estimated 11.2 million barrels per day in 2021 and is forecasted to average 11.8 million barrels per day in 2022. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic during the year resulted in substantially lower drilling and production activity, which had a negative impact on the Company’s results for the year ended December 31, 2021. We have seen improvements in the global markets with vaccinations being deployed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and from the recovery of oil prices seen in 2021. Any future deterioration of commodity prices could lead to material impairment charges to tangible or intangible assets or otherwise result in a material adverse

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effect on the Company's results of operations. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—A material or extended decline in expenditures by the oil and gas industry could significantly reduce our revenue and income.”

Products and Services

Dril-Quip’s revenues are generated from three sources: products, services and leasing. Product revenues are derived from the sale of drilling and production equipment. Service revenues are earned when the Company provides technical advisory assistance and rework and reconditioning services. Leasing revenues are derived from rental tools used during installation and retrieval of the Company’s products. In 2021, the Company derived 66.1% of its revenues from the sale of its products, 23.0% of its revenues from services and 10.9% from leasing revenues, compared to 70.9%, 20.7% and 8.4% for products, services and leasing in 2020, respectively, and 73.1%, 17.4% and 9.5% for products, services and leasing in 2019, respectively. Service and leasing revenues generally correlate to revenues from product sales because increased product sales typically generate increased demand for technical advisory assistance services during installation and rental of running tools. However, existing customer equipment can be used in certain circumstances, which creates demand for services with no correlating product sales. The Company has substantial international operations, with approximately 63.8% of its revenues derived from foreign sales in 2021, 66.7% in 2020 and 65.0% in 2019. Substantially all of the Company’s domestic revenue relates to operations in the U. S. Gulf of Mexico. Domestic revenue approximated 36.2% of the Company’s total revenues in 2021, 35.0% in 2020 and 39.0% in 2019.

Product contracts are typically negotiated and sold separately from service contracts. In addition, service contracts are not typically included in the product contracts or related sales orders and are not offered to the customer as a condition of the sale of the Company’s products. The demand for products and services is generally based on worldwide economic conditions in the oil and gas industry and is not based on a specific relationship between the two types of contracts. Substantially all of the Company’s sales are made on a purchase order basis. Purchase orders are subject to change or termination at the option of the customer. In case of a change or termination, the customer is required to pay the Company for work performed and other costs necessarily incurred as a result of the change or termination.

Generally, the Company attempts to raise its prices as its costs increase. However, the actual pricing of the Company’s products and services is impacted by a number of factors, including global oil prices, competitive pricing pressure, the level of utilized capacity in the oil service sector, maintenance of market share, the introduction of new products and general market conditions.

Products

Dril-Quip designs, manufactures, fabricates, inspects, assembles, tests and markets subsea equipment, downhole tools, surface equipment and offshore rig equipment. The Company’s products are used primarily for exploration and production of oil and gas from offshore drilling rigs, such as floating rigs and jack-up rigs, and for drilling and production of oil and gas wells on offshore platforms, tension leg platforms (TLPs), Spars and moored vessels such as floating production, storage and offloading monohull moored vessels (FPSOs). TLPs are floating production platforms that are connected to the ocean floor via vertical mooring tethers. A Spar is a floating cylindrical structure approximately six or seven times longer than its diameter and is anchored in place. The Downhole Tool products are used in the drilling and production for oil and gas both onshore and offshore.

Subsea Equipment - Subsea equipment is used in the drilling and production of offshore oil and gas wells around the world. Included in the subsea equipment product line are subsea wellheads systems, mudline hanger systems, specialty connectors and associated pipe, production riser systems, subsea production trees, subsea manifolds and liner hangers.

Subsea wellheads are pressure-containing vessels that are sometimes referred to as a “wellhead housing” and are made from forged and machined steel. A casing hanger, also made of steel, lands inside the wellhead housing and suspends casing (pipe) downhole. As drilling depth increases, successively smaller diameter casing strings are installed, each suspended by an independent casing hanger. Subsea wellheads systems are utilized when drilling from floating drilling rigs, either semi-submersible or drillship types, or TLPs and Spars. The Company’s flagship subsea wellhead, called the SS-15® Subsea Wellhead System, is rated for 15,000 pounds per square inch (psi) internal pressure and is offered to the industry in a variety of configurations. The Company’s newest wellhead product, the SS-20 BigBore II-e Subsea Wellhead System, is designed to contain higher pressures (20,000 psi) and provides the ability to reduce the number of casing strings in the well design by increasing load carrying and pressure capacities of casing hangers and associated installation tools.

Mudline hanger systems are used in jack-up drilling operations to support the weight of the various casing strings at the ocean floor while drilling a well. They also provide a method to disconnect the casing strings in an orderly manner at the ocean floor after the well has been drilled, and subsequently reconnect to enable production of the well by either tying it back vertically to a subsequently installed platform or by installing a shallow water subsea tree.

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Large diameter weld-on specialty connectors (threaded or stab type) are used primarily in offshore wells drilled from floating drilling rigs, jack-up rigs, fixed platforms, TLPs and Spars. Specialty connectors join lengths of conductor or large diameter (16-inch or greater) casing. Specialty connectors provide a more rapid connection than other methods of connecting lengths of pipe. Connectors may be sold individually or as an assembly after being welded to sections of Company or customer supplied pipe. Dril-Quip’s weld-on specialty connectors are designed to prevent cross threading and provide a quick, convenient method of joining casing joints with structural integrity compatible with casing strength.

Production riser systems are generally designed and manufactured to customer specifications. Production risers provide a vertical conduit from the subsea wellhead up to a TLP, Spar or FPSO floating at the surface.

A subsea production tree is an assembly composed of flow and pressure control valves, a wellhead connector, control equipment and various other components such as pressure/temperature sensors, chemical injection valves and flowline connection systems. Subsea trees are installed on a subsea wellhead or a mudline hanger system and used to control the flow of oil and gas from a producing well. Subsea trees may be used as stand-alone satellite wells or multiple well template mounted and cluster arrangements. These types typically produce via a subsea gathering system of manifolds and flowlines to a central control point located on a platform, TLP, Spar or FPSO. The use of subsea production trees has become an increasingly important method for producing wells located in hard-to-reach deepwater (and ultra-deepwater) areas or economically marginal fields located in shallower waters. The Company is an established manufacturer of complicated dual-bore production trees. In addition, Dril-Quip manufactures a single bore subsea completion system. This system eliminates the need for an expensive multibore installation and workover riser, thereby saving both cost and installation time. The horizontal bore subsea production completion system accommodates numerous completion configuration possibilities and features large vertical access drill-through for passage of drill-bits, submersible pumps, coil tubing strings and Dril-Quip's slimline casing hanger system. The concentric monobore vertical bore subsea production system accommodates numerous completion configuration possibilities including in tubing head and in the subsea wellhead. Dril-Quip’s newly patented VXTe design and technology allows for simpler installations within the wellhead completions by eliminating the requirements of special orientation devices like tubing heads. These trees feature remote flowline and control connections, utilizing remotely operated intervention tools. The Company’s subsea production trees are generally custom designed and manufactured to customer specifications.

Downhole Tools - Downhole tools are primarily comprised of liner hangers, production packers, safety valves and specialty downhole tools. A liner hanger is used to hang-off and seal casing into a previously installed casing string in the well bore and can provide a means of tying back the liner for production to surface. Dril-Quip offers conventional and expandable state-of-the-art liner hanger system and has installed its liner hangers in a number of difficult well applications such as High Pressure High Temperature (HPHT) applications, resulting in improved industry recognition and market opportunities.

Surface Equipment - Surface equipment is principally used for flow control on offshore production platforms, TLPs and Spars. Included in the Company’s surface equipment product line are platform wellheads, platform production trees and riser tensioners. Dril-Quip’s development of platform wellheads and platform production trees was facilitated by adaptation of its existing subsea wellhead and tree technology to surface wellheads and trees.

Platform wellheads are pressure-containing forged and machined metal housings in which casing hangers are landed and sealed at the platform deck to suspend casings. The Company emphasizes the use of metal-to-metal sealing wellhead systems with operational time-saving features which can be used in high pressure, high temperature and corrosive drilling and production applications.

After installation of a wellhead, a platform production tree, consisting of gate valves, a surface wellhead connector, controls, tree cap and associated equipment, is installed on the wellhead to control and regulate oil or gas production. Platform production trees are similar to subsea production trees but utilize less complex equipment and more manual, rather than hydraulically actuated, valves and connectors. Platform wellheads and platform production trees and associated equipment are designed and manufactured in accordance with customer specifications.

Riser tensioners are used on a floating drilling/production vessel to provide a continuous and reliable upward force on a riser string that is independent of the movement of the floating vessel.

Rig Equipment - Rig equipment includes drilling riser systems, wellhead connectors, diverters, safety valves and cement manifolds. The drilling riser system consists of (i) lengths of riser pipe and associated riser connectors that secure one to another; (ii) the telescopic joint, which connects the entire drilling riser system to the diverter at top of the riser at the rig and provides a means to compensate for vertical motion of the rig relative to the ocean floor; and (iii) the wellhead connector , which provides a means for remote connection and disconnection of the blowout preventer stack to or from the wellhead. Diverters are used to provide protection from shallow gas blowouts and to divert gases off of the rig during the drilling operation. A safety valve is used to provide a quick, sure shutoff in the drill string at the drill floor and prevent flow up the drill pipe. The TIW Kelly Valve is located in the drill string below the kelly, the uppermost component of the drill string, and is designed to be closed under pressure to remove the kelly. Cement manifolds are used to control the flow of cement and other fluids during the cementing operations of the well installation.

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Wellhead connectors are used on production riser systems and drilling riser systems. They are also used on both TLPs and Spars, which are installed in deepwater applications. The principal markets for offshore rig equipment are new rigs, rig upgrades, TLPs and Spars. Drilling risers, wellhead connectors and diverters are generally designed and manufactured to customer specifications.

Certain of the Company's products are used in potentially hazardous drilling, completion and production applications that can cause personal injury, product liability and environmental claims. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—Our business involves numerous operating hazards that may not be covered by insurance. The occurrence of an event not fully covered by insurance could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.”

Services

The Company provides services to customers, including technical advisory assistance as well as rework and reconditioning services on its customer-owned products. These services are provided from the Company’s worldwide locations and represented approximately 23.0% of revenues in 2021 compared to 20.7% in 2020 and 17.4% in 2019.

Technical Advisory Assistance. Dril-Quip generally does not install products for its customers, but it does provide technical advisory assistance to the customer, if requested, in the installation of its products. The customer is not obligated to utilize these services and may use its own personnel or a third party to perform these services. Technical advisory assistance services performed by the Company are negotiated and sold separately from the Company’s products. These services are not a prerequisite to the sale of the Company’s products as its products are fully functional on a stand-alone basis. The Company’s technicians provide assistance in the onsite installation of the Company’s products and are available on a 24-hour call out from the Company’s facilities located in Houston, Texas; Villahermosa, Mexico; Shushufindi, Ecuador; Macae, Brazil; Aberdeen, Scotland; Stavanger, Norway; Esbjerg, Denmark; Alexandria, Egypt; Takoradi, Ghana; Shenzhen, China; Doha, Qatar; Singapore; and Perth, Australia.

Reconditioning. The Company provides reconditioning of its customer-owned products at its facilities in Houston, Texas; Macae, Brazil; Aberdeen, Scotland; Stavanger, Norway; Esbjerg, Denmark; Baku, Azerbaijan; Alexandria, Egypt; Takoradi, Ghana; Tianjin, China; Doha, Qatar; Singapore; and Perth, Australia. The Company does not typically service, repair or recondition its competitors’ products.

Leasing

The Company leases running and installation tools for use in installing its products. These tools are required to install and retrieve the Company’s products that are purchased by customers. Rental or purchase of running tools is not a condition of the sale of the Company’s products and is contracted for separately from product sales and other services offered by the Company. Running tools are available from Dril-Quip’s locations in Houston, Texas; Villahermosa, Mexico; Shushufindi, Ecuador; Macae, Brazil; Aberdeen, Scotland; Stavanger, Norway; Esbjerg, Denmark; Shenzhen, China; Singapore; and Perth, Australia. These rentals are provided from the Company's worldwide locations and represented approximately 10.9% of revenues in 2021 compared to 8.4% in 2020 and 9.5% in 2019.

On April 30, 2021, as a result of lower activity stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic, AFGlobal Corporation provided a 90-day written notice of termination of the lease agreement between the Company and AFGlobal in relation to the Company’s forge facility and equipment at its Houston Eldridge campus. Based on the initial 5-year term of the lease agreement, the Company had straight-lined the total anticipated lease revenue for that initial term into equal monthly lease revenue. As a result of the lease termination, the Company has approximately $2.3 million in unbilled revenue that was expensed in second quarter of 2021. The Company has numerous other forging suppliers and does not expect any disruptions in forging supply as a result of the lease termination.

Manufacturing

Dril-Quip has manufacturing facilities in Houston, Texas; Aberdeen, Scotland; Singapore; and Macae, Brazil. See “Item 2. Properties—Manufacturing Facilities.” Dril-Quip maintains its high standards of product quality through the implementation of Advanced Product Quality Planning (APQP) methodologies, as well as through the use of quality control specialists.

The Company’s Houston, Aberdeen, Singapore and Macae manufacturing plants are ISO 14001, OHSAS 18001 and ISO 9001 certified. The Houston, Aberdeen, Singapore and Macae plants are also licensed to applicable American Petroleum Institute (API) product specifications and are API Q1, 9th edition and API Q2 compliant. Dril-Quip works to maintain its high standards of product quality through the use of precision measuring equipment such as MRP gages, Faro Arms, Coordinate Measuring Machine and the application of APQP. APQP entails concurrent engineering principles to identify and address potential quality concerns early in the product development process. The Company has the capability to manufacture its products globally and continues to have local capability in key critical markets. The Company’s primary raw material is forged steel products which it procures from qualified forging suppliers located globally as well as domestically.

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Dril-Quip’s manufacturing facilities utilize state-of-the-art computer numerically controlled (CNC) machine tools and equipment, which contribute to the Company’s product quality and timely delivery. The Company has also developed a cost effective, in-house machine tool rebuild and refurbishment capability, which produces machine upgrades with customized features to enhance the economic manufacturing of its specialized products. This strategy provides the added advantage of in-house expertise for repairs and maintenance of these machines.

Customers

The Company’s principal customers are major integrated, large independent and foreign national oil and gas companies. Drilling contractors and engineering and construction companies also represent a portion of the Company’s customer base. The Company’s customers are generally oil and gas companies that are well-known participants in exploration and production.

The Company is not dependent on any one customer or group of customers. In 2021, the Company’s top 15 customers represented approximately 59% of total revenues, and Chevron and its affiliated companies accounted for approximately 12% of total revenues. In 2020, the Company’s top 15 customers represented approximately 60% of total revenues, and Chevron and its affiliated companies accounted for approximately 11% of total revenues. In 2019, the Company’s top 15 customers represented approximately 52% of total revenues and BP and its affiliated companies accounted for approximately 10% of total revenues. No other customer accounted for more than 10% of total revenues in 2021, 2020 or 2019. The number and variety of the Company’s products required in a given year by any one customer depends upon the amount of that customer’s capital expenditure budget devoted to exploration and production and on the results of competitive bids for major projects. Consequently, a customer that accounts for a significant portion of revenues in one fiscal year may represent an immaterial portion of revenues in subsequent years. While the Company is not dependent on any one customer or group of customers, the loss of one or more of its significant customers could, at least on a short-term basis, have an adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations.

Backlog

Backlog consists of firm customer orders of Dril-Quip products for which a purchase order, signed contract or letter of award has been received, satisfactory credit or financing arrangements exist and delivery is scheduled. Historically, the Company’s revenues for a specific period have not been directly related to its backlog as stated at a particular point in time. The Company’s product backlog was approximately $210.1 million and $195.7 million at December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The backlog at the end of 2021 represents an increase of approximately $14.5 million, or 7.4%, from the end of 2020. The Company’s backlog balance was initially negatively impacted due to the COVID-19 pandemic resulting in a depressed global economic environment that led to weakness in oil prices. In the latter half of 2021 as we saw improvements in the global markets with vaccinations being deployed resulting in positive market trends, our product bookings increased in the fourth quarter of 2021. In addition, we had approximately $11.6 million in cancellations during the year.

The Company expects to fill approximately 70% to 80% of the December 31, 2021 product backlog by December 31, 2022. The remaining backlog at December 31, 2021 consists of longer-term projects which are being designed and manufactured to customer specifications requiring longer lead times.

See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—Our backlog is subject to unexpected adjustments and cancellations and is, therefore, an uncertain indicator of our future revenues and earnings.”

Marketing and Sales

Dril-Quip markets its products and services throughout the world directly through its sales personnel in multiple domestic and international locations. In addition, in certain foreign markets the Company utilizes independent sales agents or representatives to enhance its marketing and sales efforts.

Some of the locations in which Dril-Quip has sales agents or representatives are Trinidad, Indonesia, Malaysia, Kuwait, Vietnam, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. Although they do not have authority to contractually bind the Company, these representatives market the Company’s products in their respective territories in return for sales commissions. The Company advertises its products and services in trade and technical publications targeted to its customer base. The Company also participates in industry conferences and trade shows to enhance industry awareness of its products.

The Company’s customers generally order products on a purchase order basis. Orders, other than those considered to be long-term projects, are typically filled within twelve months after receipt, depending on the type of product and whether it is sold out of inventory or requires some customization. Contracts for certain of the Company’s larger, more complex products, such as subsea production trees, drilling risers and equipment for TLPs and Spars, can take a year or more to complete.

The primary factors influencing a customer’s decision to purchase the Company’s products are the quality, reliability and reputation of the product, price, technology, service and timely delivery. For large drilling and production system orders, project management teams coordinate customer needs with the Company’s engineering, manufacturing and service organizations, as well as with subcontractors and vendors.

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A portion of the Company’s business consists of designing, manufacturing and selling equipment, as well as offering technical advisory assistance during installation of the equipment, for major projects pursuant to competitive bids. The number of such projects in any year may fluctuate. The Company’s profitability on such projects is critically dependent on making accurate and cost-effective bids and performing efficiently in accordance with bid specifications. Various factors, including availability of raw materials, changes in customer requirements and governmental regulations, can adversely affect the Company’s performance on individual projects, with potential material adverse effects on project profitability.

Product Development and Engineering

The technological demands of the oil and gas industry continue to increase as exploration and drilling expand into more hostile environments. Conditions encountered in these environments include water depths in excess of 10,000 feet, well pressures exceeding 15,000 psi, well flowing temperatures beyond 350 degrees Fahrenheit and mixed flows of oil, gas and water that may also be highly corrosive and impact material properties.

Since its founding in 1981, Dril-Quip has actively engaged in continuing research and development efforts to generate new products and improve existing products. When developing new products, the Company typically seeks to design the most technologically advanced version for a particular application to establish its reputation and qualification in that product. Thereafter, the Company leverages its expertise in the more technologically advanced product to produce less costly and complex versions of the product for less demanding applications. The Company also focuses its activities on reducing the overall cost to the customer, which includes not only the initial capital cost but also operating, installation and maintenance costs associated with its products in an effort to help reduce customers’ carbon footprint.

In the 1980s, the Company introduced its first product, specialty connectors, as well as mudline suspension systems, template systems and subsea wellheads. In the 1990s, the Company introduced a series of new products, including diverters, wellhead connectors, SingleBore™ subsea trees, improved severe service dual bore subsea trees, subsea and platform valves, platform wellheads, platform trees, subsea tree workover riser systems, drilling riser systems and TLP and Spar production riser systems. Since 2000, Dril-Quip has introduced multiple new products, including liner hangers, subsea manifolds, riser tensioners, and enhanced versions of subsea wellhead connectors and Dril-Quip’s industry leading subsea wellhead system(s). Recent product development efforts focus on the evolution and enhancement of Dril-Quip’s subsea tree portfolio to align with projected market needs, ability to meet a wider array of customer applications, and offer customers overall project cost savings through technological advantages.

Historically, Dril-Quip’s product development work is primarily conducted at its facilities in Houston, Texas; however, such activities have gradually increased in other regions, such as Singapore and Brazil. In addition to the work of its product development staff, the Company’s application engineering staff provides technical services to customers in connection with the design and sales of its products. The Company’s ability to develop new products and maintain technological advantages is important to its future success. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—Our business could be adversely affected if we do not develop new products and secure and retain patents related to our products.”

The Company believes that the success of its business depends more on the technical competence, creativity and marketing abilities of its employees than on any individual patent, trademark or copyright. Nevertheless, as part of its ongoing product development and manufacturing activities, Dril-Quip’s policy has been to seek patents when appropriate on inventions concerning new products and product improvements. All patent rights for products developed by employees are assigned to the Company and almost all of the Company’s products have components that are covered by patents.

In 2021, Dril-Quip was awarded the Offshore Technology Conference's Spotlight on New Technology Award for its BADGeR specialty casing connector. The connector features a hands-free anti-rotation device that automatically engages and enables remote make-up operations that removes rig personnel from the red zone. By lowering operating costs and providing superior fatigue and metal sealing performance, it aligns and joins Dril-Quip’s e-Series product family that have also been recognized for technological innovation and customer benefits.

During 2021, Dril-Quip continued to meet new product milestones by delivering DXe hydraulic connectors and the installation of subsea wellhead systems, featuring the award-winning DXe profile, within the Norwegian North Sea sector. This added to the field history for the e-series technology that began with the installation of Dril-Quip’s first Horizontal Subsea Tree (HXT) in 2020. Dril-Quip also continued research and development efforts within the Subsea Wellhead System and Subsea Product System product lines. Dril-Quip completed development of high pressure sub-mudline supplemental hanger systems and delivered them with its SS-20 BB-IIe subsea wellhead system, which accommodates higher pressures and provides greater flexibility in casing well programs. Additionally, Dril-Quip expanded its portfolio by being awarded its first 15,000 psi Horizontal Subsea Tree (HXT) completion system.

During 2020, research and development efforts within the Subsea Production Systems product line resulted in the Offshore Technology Conference Spotlight on New Technology award for the Vertical Subsea Tree (VXTe) product. Dril-Quip developed this system to interface directly with Dril-Quip’s market leading wellhead technology. The VXTe uses a self-aligning mandrel to passively

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align the subsea tree to the tubing hanger, without regard to the tubing hanger’s orientation in the wellhead. Dril-Quip’s VXTe system provides oil companies with an opportunity to reduce their carbon footprint by reducing the amount of equipment and time required for subsea completions when compared to those activities today. Additionally, Dril-Quip met a major product milestone in the successful installation of Dril-Quip’s first Horizontal Subsea Tree (HXT) completion system in the Gulf of Mexico. The HXT also incorporated a DXe connector that resulted in two of Dril-Quip’s newest product offerings establishing field history. Additional subsea trees were delivered for field development projects within the UK Continental Shelf and the Black Sea; both of which included novel protective structures for shallow water applications associated with the region. Dril-Quip also designed, tested, and supplied equipment to a major oil company within the Gulf of Mexico in connection with a project that established new records in casing string depth to be met, which offered cost and time savings to the operator. Dril-Quip continued to support the tieback of multiple wells for projects in the Gulf of Mexico.

Dril-Quip’s continued efforts in developing technologically advanced products enable Dril-Quip to offer products for the harshest environments. The latest subsea wellhead system utilized by a major oil company for its high pressure, high temperature applications was installed at the end of 2021, further strengthening Dril-Quip’s position in the subsea market. A contract for the same system was also awarded in late 2021 by a major oil company in Brazil.

Dril-Quip has numerous U.S. registered trademarks, including Dril-Quip®, Quik-Thread®, Quik-Stab®, Multi-Thread®, MS-15®, SS-15®, SS-10®, SU-90®, DX® and TIW®. The Company has registered its trademarks in the countries where such registration is deemed material.

Although in the aggregate, the Company’s patents and trademarks are of considerable importance to the manufacturing and marketing of many of its products, the Company does not consider any single patent or trademark or group of patents or trademarks to be material to its business as a whole, except the Dril-Quip® trademark. The Company also relies on trade secret protection for its confidential and proprietary information. The Company routinely enters into confidentiality agreements with its employees and suppliers. There can be no assurance, however, that others will not independently obtain similar information or otherwise gain access to the Company’s trade secrets.

Competition

Dril-Quip faces significant competition from other manufacturers and suppliers of exploration and production equipment. Several of its primary competitors are diversified multinational companies with substantially larger operating staffs and greater capital resources than those of the Company and which, in many instances, have been engaged in the manufacturing business for a much longer period of time than the Company. The Company competes principally with the petroleum production equipment segments of Baker Hughes; Schlumberger, Ltd.; TechnipFMC plc; and Aker Solutions.

Because of their relative size and diversity of products, several of the Company’s competitors have the ability to provide “turnkey” services for drilling and production applications, which enables them to use their own products to the exclusion of Dril-Quip’s products. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—We may be unable to successfully compete with other manufacturers of drilling and production equipment.” The Company also competes to a lesser extent with a number of other companies in various products. The principal competitive factors in the petroleum drilling and production equipment markets are quality, reliability and reputation of the product, price, technology, service and timely delivery.

Talent and Human Capital Management

We believe that building a diverse, inclusive, engaged and empowered workforce will enable us to manage our business with a focus on health and safety, the environment, ethical behavior, quality and being a good corporate citizen in all countries in which we operate. Our people are the key to achieving our vision, and nurturing a transparent, collaborative and development focused culture drives alignment with our business strategy to achieve sustainable long-term shareholder value. We aim to attract and retain the right talent with the competencies and motivation required to execute our business strategy. Our global human capital strategy drives a consistent approach to human capital management and provides tools to facilitate employee development. Performance management and leadership succession are a key part of our people development process that helps identify and develop future leadership talent. Annually, our board provides oversight to the leadership succession process using our human capital analytics on workforce demographics, diversity and inclusion and hiring and attrition rates. These metrics are tracked, and progress is measured at cascading levels of the organization.

The Company took steps to increase engagement with employees during the unprecedented situation posed by the COVID-19 pandemic and used several methods to measure and increase engagement through pulse surveys and employee assistance programs. Although COVID-19 has brought changes and new challenges to our work environment, we have gained valuable experience working with new technology platforms and learned more about the possibilities of remote working. As a result of this experience, we have adopted hybrid work environments in many of our locations to attract and retain talent with the company.

Core Values and Culture

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Fostering and maintaining a strong, healthy culture is a key strategic focus. Our core values reflect who we are and the way our employees interact with one another, our customers, suppliers and shareholders. We believe in doing the right thing always. Ethics and integrity are the foundation of our brand and the guiding principles for all we do. Safety and environment protection are our highest priorities. Our culture of collaboration helps to work together with customers to provide the best solution with our innovative technology and services. Our transparent culture facilitates open communication, feedback, and helps build trust.

Employees

As a result of worldwide reductions in workforce and natural attrition, the total number of the Company's employees as of December 31, 2021 was 1,342, a 5.8% reduction from December 31, 2020. Of those 1,342 employees, 658 were located in the United States. Substantially all of the Company's employees are not covered by collective bargaining agreements, and the Company considers its employee relations to be good. At the end of fiscal year 2021, the Company’s global workforce was 87.1% male and 12.9% female. In the U.S., ethnicity of our workforce was 45.0% White, 35.4% Hispanic, 10.3% Asian, 8.5% Black and 0.8% Other. As a manufacturing organization, our workforce is made up of a high percentage of roles that are predominantly held by male workers such as welders, machinists, and workshop and offshore technicians.

The Company’s operations depend in part on its ability to attract quality employees. We provide employee wages and salaries that are competitive and consistent with employee positions, skill levels, experience, knowledge and geographic location. While the Company believes that its wage and salary rates are competitive and that its relationship with its labor force is good, a significant increase in the wages and salaries paid by competing employers could result in a reduction of the Company’s labor force, increases in the wage and salary rates paid by the Company or both. If either of these events were to occur, in the near-term, the profits realized by the Company from work in progress would be reduced and, in the long-term, the production capacity and profitability of the Company could be diminished and the growth potential of the Company could be impaired. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—Loss of our key management or other personnel could adversely impact our business.”

Diversity and Inclusion

Our culture is underpinned by our core values, including our commitment to inclusion and diversity. We have developed our diversity, equity and inclusion framework to further emphasize our vision, values and strategic objectives to support our talent strategy and desired cultural alignment. Diversity in our workplace broadens thinking and stimulates innovation. A more diverse workplace impacts how we act and what we do and opens our minds to be more creative and collaborative. The Company has implemented several measures that focus on ensuring accountabilities exist for making progress in diversity. The Company has partnered with non-profit and community organizations to support and develop a diverse talent pipeline. The Company’s commitment to diversity recruiting includes partnering with a number of universities, non-profit and community organizations to support and develop a diverse talent pipeline. In their workforce planning forecasts, the Company’s business units are developing initiatives and goals to recruit diverse talent across all leadership and skill areas. The Company also trains its recruiting workforce in diversity sourcing strategies and partners with external organizations that develop and supply diverse talent pipeline.

As part of our diversity and inclusion efforts, we launched a “Lunch ‘N Learn” series to support a women’s peer network with a focus on furthering career development opportunities. Our commitment to supporting communities to further improve employee engagement have resulted in overwhelming response to volunteering efforts. Our global employees have come together and have contributed during natural disaster relief work to supporting several local charity events. We will further drive alignment through formal training on diversity, equity and inclusion to reduce unconscious bias in our hiring and other employment practices and to build our network of diversity champions among our employees, managers, and executives.

Employee Development

The development, attraction and retention of employees is a critical success factor for the Company. To support the advancement all of our employees, we offer training and development programs encouraging advancement from within. We leverage both formal and informal programs to identify, foster, and retain top talent at both the corporate and operating unit level. Various internship programs and informal mentoring demonstrate the Company’s ongoing commitment and initiatives towards accelerating our future leaders. The executive team also commits substantial time in evaluating the talent of our leadership team with a focus on addressing leadership gaps through executive coaching and mentoring. To help determine whether we meet our goal of providing a rich experience for our employees, we measure organizational culture and engagement which help us build on the competencies that are important for our future success. We periodically engage independent third parties to conduct cultural and employee engagement surveys. These include corporate culture assessments, as well as real-time feedback on employee engagement and employee well-being focused on physical, emotional, social and financial health.

Competitive Compensation

Dril-Quip’s compensation programs are designed to align the compensation of our employees with the Company’s performance and to provide the proper incentives to attract, retain and motivate employees to achieve superior results. The structure of our compensation programs balances incentive earnings for both short-term and long-term performance. Specifically:

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• We provide employee wages that are competitive and consistent with employee positions, skill levels, experience, knowledge and geographic location.

• We engage nationally recognized outside compensation and benefits consulting firms to independently evaluate the effectiveness of our executive compensation and benefit programs and to provide benchmarking against our peers within the industry.

• We align our executives’ long-term equity compensation with our shareholders’ interests by linking realizable pay with stock performance.

• Annual increases and incentive compensation are based on merit, which is communicated to employees at the time of hiring and documented through our talent management process as part of our annual review procedures and upon internal transfer and/or promotion.

Employee Benefits

We have demonstrated a history of investing in our workforce by offering competitive salaries and wages. To foster a stronger sense of ownership and align the interests of employees with shareholders, restricted stock units are provided to eligible employees under our broad-based stock incentive programs. Furthermore, we offer comprehensive and locally relevant and innovative benefits to all eligible employees worldwide. In the U.S, these include, among other benefits:

• Comprehensive health insurance coverage is offered to employees working an average of 20 hours or more each week

• Company paid group dental and vision care

• The Company sponsors a defined-contribution (cash balance) 401(k) plan covering domestic employees. Due to cost containment measures put in place in response to COVID-19, the Company suspended the employer match for U.S. employees starting July 1, 2020 with the expectation that the match will resume when market conditions recover

• Short-term and long-term disability benefits are provided to all full-time employees for added income protection

• Health Savings Account (HSA) and Flexible Spending Accounts (FSA)

• Company paid life insurance and accidental death and dismemberment benefits

• Employee assistance program for concerns or emotional issues surrounding personal or work life. Unlimited access to
consultants by telephone and tools online for help with short-term problems

• Parental leaves are provided to all new parents for birth, adoption or foster placement.

Health, Safety and Environment

Our people are our greatest asset and a key driver to our success in Health, Safety and Environment (HSE). Our HSE policy includes a commitment to provide safe and healthy working conditions for the prevention of work-related injury and ill health and is appropriate for the purpose, size and context of the organization. We established the Goal Zero program which requires each employee to hold themselves and those around them to the highest levels of safety, awareness and self-discipline. Goal Zero advocates conducting each activity in a manner that assures a safe outcome for ourselves, our co-workers and our families. Our vision is to create an environment where every employee embraces HSE as a core value and engages in Goal Zero. As part of our HSE policy we aim to identify and remediate any work practices that pose an HSE risk to our employees. The Company is devoted to creating a sustainable environment and implementing process improvements for both health and safety and the environment in the countries we operate. We evaluate our processes to ensure our protection schemes and work practices minimize these risks. Furthermore, we periodically evaluate our HSE objectives to ensure they remain aligned with our HSE goals and annually create a strategy focused on risk reduction to get us closer to zero incidents. This is the foundation on which Goal Zero is built as it shows commitment to identifying and controlling risk.

During 2020, our experience and continuing focus on workplace safety have enabled us to preserve business continuity without sacrificing our commitment to keeping our colleagues and workplace visitors safe during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Employee Turnover

We continually monitor employee turnover rates, both regionally and globally, as our success depends upon retaining our highly trained manufacturing and operating personnel. We believe the combination of competitive compensation and career growth and development opportunities help increase employee tenure and reduce voluntary turnover. Voluntary workforce turnover (rolling 12-month attrition) was 7.8% in December 2021. The average tenure of our employees is approximately 10 years, and about 37% of our employees have been employed by us for more than ten years.

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Employee Recruitment

The Company works diligently to attract the best talent from a diverse range of sources in order to meet the current and future demands of our business. We have established relationships with trade schools, world-class universities, professional associations and industry groups to proactively attract talent. The Company has a strong employee value proposition that leverages our unique culture, collaborative working environment, shared sense of purpose, desire to do the right thing and entrepreneurial spirit to attract talent to our Company.

Governmental Regulations

Many aspects of the Company’s operations are affected by political developments and are subject to both domestic and foreign governmental regulations, including those relating to oilfield operations, the discharge of materials into the environment from our manufacturing or other facilities, health and worker safety aspects of our operations, or otherwise relating to human health and environmental protection. In addition, the Company depends on the demand for its products and services from the oil and gas industry and, therefore, is affected by changing taxes, price controls and other laws and regulations relating to the oil and gas industry in general, including those specifically directed to onshore and offshore operations. The adoption of new laws and regulations, or changes to existing laws or regulations, that curtail exploration and development drilling for oil and gas for economic or other policy reasons, could adversely affect the Company’s operations by limiting demand for its products. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—Our operations and our customers’ operations are subject to a variety of governmental laws and regulations that may increase our costs, limit the demand for our products and services or restrict our operations.”

In recent years, increased concern has been raised over the protection of the environment. Legislation to regulate emissions of greenhouse gases has been introduced, but not enacted, in the U.S. Congress, and there has been a wide-ranging policy debate, both nationally and internationally, regarding the impact of these gases and possible means for their regulation. In addition, efforts have been made and continue to be made in the international community toward the adoption of international treaties or protocols that would address global climate change issues, such as the annual United Nations Climate Change Conferences. In November 2015, the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP21) was held in Paris with the goal to achieve a legally binding and universal agreement on climate, with the aim of keeping global warming below 2 C (Celsius), from all nations, regardless of size. The Paris Agreement, signed by the U.S. on April 22, 2016, requires countries to review and “represent a progression” in their nationally determined contributions, which set greenhouse gas emission reduction goals, every five years. Although the Trump administration had withdrawn the U.S. from the Paris Agreement on November 4, 2020, the Biden administration officially reentered the U.S. in the Paris Agreement in February 2021. In April 2021, the Biden administration announced a new goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 50% to 52% economy-wide by 2030 compared to 2005. In November 2021, the United States and other countries entered into the Glasgow Climate Pact, which includes a range of measures designed to address climate change, including but not limited to the phase-out of fossil fuel subsidies, reducing methane emissions by 30% by 2030, and cooperating toward the advancement of the development of clean energy. With the United States recommitting to the Paris Agreement, executive orders may be issued or federal legislation or regulatory initiatives may be adopted to achieve the agreement’s goals.

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has undertaken efforts to collect information regarding greenhouse gas emissions and their effects. Following a finding by the EPA that certain greenhouse gases represent a danger to human health, the EPA expanded its regulations relating to those emissions and adopted rules imposing permitting and reporting obligations. The results of the permitting and reporting requirements could lead to further regulation of these greenhouse gases by the EPA. Moreover, specific design and operational standards apply to U.S. outer continental shelf vessels, rigs, platforms, vehicles, structures and equipment.

The U.S. Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE) regulates the design and operation of well control and other equipment at offshore production sites, among other requirements. BSEE has adopted stricter requirements for subsea drilling production equipment. In April 2016, BSEE published a final blowout preventer systems and well control rule, which focuses on blowout preventer requirements and includes reforms in well design, well control, casing, cementing, real-time monitoring and subsea containment, among other things. BSEE also finalized a rule in September 2016 concerning production safety systems for oil and natural gas operations on the Outer Continental Shelf. However, in December 2017, BSEE published a proposed rule that would revise a number of the requirements in the September 2016 rule. The final rule implementing these revisions was published in September 2018. Subsequently, on May 2, 2019, BSEE issued the 2019 Well Control Rule, the revised well control and blowout preventer rule governing Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) activities. The new rule revised the then existing regulations impacting offshore oil and gas drilling, completions, workovers, and decommissioning activities. Specifically, the 2019 Well Control Rule addresses six areas of offshore operations: well design, well control, casing, cementing, real-time monitoring, and subsea containment. The revisions were targeted to ensure safety and environmental protection while correcting errors in the 2016 rule and reducing unnecessary regulatory burden. In addition, drilling in certain areas has been opposed by environmental groups and, in certain areas, has been restricted. For example, in December 2016, the Obama administration banned offshore drilling in portions of the Arctic and Atlantic oceans. Although the Trump administration announced a proposal in January 2018 to open most U.S. coastal waters to offshore drilling, several coastal states have taken steps to prohibit offshore drilling. For example, California passed laws in September 2018 barring the construction of new oil drilling-related infrastructure in state waters. Similarly, in November 2018, voters in Florida approved an

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amendment to the state constitution that would ban oil and gas drilling in offshore state waters. Further, in December 2018, environmental groups challenged incidental harassment authorizations issued by the National Marine Fisheries Service that allow companies to conduct air gun seismic surveys for oil and gas exploration off the Atlantic coast. The attorneys general for nine coastal states also sought to intervene as plaintiffs.

In January 2021, the Secretary of the Department of the Interior issued an order preventing staff from producing any new fossil fuel leases or permits without sign-off from a top political appointee, and President Biden announced a moratorium on new oil and gas leasing on federal lands and offshore waters pending completion of a comprehensive review and reconsideration of federal oil and gas permitting and leasing practices, including consideration of whether to adjust royalties associated with oil and gas resources extracted from public lands and offshore waters or other appropriate action to account for corresponding climate costs. A federal court in the Western District of Louisiana issued a preliminary injunction on this moratorium. Pursuant to the order, in November 2021, the Department of the Interior released a report identifying potential reforms to the federal oil and gas permitting and leasing practices. President Biden’s order also established climate change as a primary foreign policy and national security consideration, affirms that achieving net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by or before midcentury is a critical priority, affirms the Biden Administration’s desire to establish the United States as a leader in addressing climate change, generally further integrates climate change and environmental justice considerations into government agencies’ decision-making, and eliminates fossil fuel subsidies, among other measures.

Other parties are also pursuing lawsuits to stop or restrict offshore drilling. For example, on January 27, 2022, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia found that Bureau of Ocean Energy Management’s failure to calculate the potential emissions from foreign oil consumption had violated the agency’s approval of oil and gas leases in the Gulf of Mexico under the National Environmental Policy Act. This decision may disrupt or delay drilling operations if the agency is forced to reassess the environmental impacts of the Gulf of Mexico drilling program.

 

In March 2018, the President of the United States issued a proclamation imposing a 25 percent global tariff on imports of certain steel products, effective March 23, 2018. The President subsequently proposed an additional 25 percent tariff on approximately $50 billion worth of imports from China, and the government of China responded with a proposal of an additional 25 percent tariff on U.S. goods with a value of $50 billion. The initial U.S. tariffs were implemented on July 6, 2018, covering $34 billion worth of Chinese goods, with another $16 billion of goods facing tariffs beginning on August 23, 2018.

 

In September 2018, the President directed the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) to place additional tariffs on approximately $200 billion worth of additional imports from China. These tariffs, which took effect on September 24, 2018, were initially set at a level of 10 percent until the end of the year, at which point the tariffs were to rise to 25 percent. However, on December 19, 2018, USTR postponed the date on which the rate of the additional duties would increase to 25 percent until March 2, 2019. On May 9, 2019, USTR announced that the United States increased the level of tariffs from 10 percent to 25 percent on approximately $200 billion worth of Chinese imports. The President also ordered USTR to begin the process of raising tariffs on essentially all remaining imports from China, which are valued at approximately $300 billion. On August 13, 2019 and August 23, 2019, USTR announced the imposition of an additional tariff of 15 percent on approximately $300 billion worth of Chinese imports, effective September 1, 2019 (or December 15, 2019 for certain articles). Following the conclusion of a phase one trade deal with China, USTR suspended the implementation of the 15 percent additional duty on approximately $160 billion worth of Chinese imports and reduced the applicable duty from 15 percent to 7.5 percent for $120 billion worth of Chinese imports. Negotiations for a phase two trade deal with China had begun prior to the outbreak of the global COVID-19 pandemic and if continued could lead to additional changes to the tariff rates described above.

President Biden has indicated that these tariffs will likely remain in place while the new administration assesses the United States’ current posture, including a review of the phase one trade deal with China. The imposition of any additional tariffs or initiation of trade restrictions by or against the United States could cause our cost of raw materials to increase or affect the markets for our products. However, given the uncertainty regarding the scope and duration of these trade actions by the United States and other countries, their ultimate impact on our business and operations remains uncertain.

In November 2018, the United States, Mexico and Canada signed the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), the successor agreement to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The three countries have all ratified the new agreement, and on July 1, 2020, the USMCA became effective.

To the extent that new laws or other governmental actions prohibit or restrict drilling or impose additional environmental protection requirements that result in increased costs to the oil and gas industry in general and the drilling industry in particular, the business of the Company could be adversely affected. Similarly, restrictions on authorizations needed to conduct seismic surveys could impact our customers' ability to identify oil and gas reserves, thereby reducing demand for our products. The Company cannot determine to what extent its future operations and earnings may be affected by new legislation, new regulations or changes in existing regulations. Compliance with any new laws, regulations or other legal initiatives could result in significant costs, including increased capital expenditures and operating costs, and could adversely impact our business and financial condition. See “Item 1A. Risk

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Factors—Our business and our customers’ businesses are subject to environmental laws and regulations that may increase our costs, limit the demand for our products and services or restrict our operations.”

Our operations are also governed by laws and regulations related to workplace safety and worker health, such as the Occupational Safety and Health Act and regulations promulgated thereunder.

Based on the Company’s experience to date, the Company does not currently anticipate any material adverse effect on its business or consolidated financial position as a result of future compliance with existing environmental, health and safety laws. However, future events, such as changes in existing laws and regulations or their interpretation, more vigorous enforcement policies of or by regulatory agencies, or stricter or different interpretations of existing laws and regulations, may require additional expenditures by the Company, which may be material.

Executive Officers of the Registrant

Pursuant to Instruction 3 to Item 401(b) of Regulation S-K and General Instruction G(3) to Form 10-K, the following information is included in Part I of this Form 10-K:

The following table sets forth the names, ages (as of February 20, 2022) and positions of the Company’s executive officers:

 

Name

 

Age

 

 

Position

Jeffrey J. Bird

 

 

55

 

 

President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

James C. Webster

 

 

52

 

 

Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary

Kyle F. McClure

 

 

46

 

 

Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

 

Jeffrey J. Bird is President, Chief Executive Officer and Director. He joined the Company in March 2017 as Vice President and Chief Financial officer. From February 2019 to May 2020, he was Senior Vice President – Production Operations and Chief Financial Officer before being promoted to President and Chief Operating Officer in May 2020. He was promoted to his current position of President, Chief Executive Officer and Director in January 2022. From December 2014 through February 2017, he was Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Frank's International, a provider of engineered tubular services to the oil and gas industry. Prior to joining Frank's International, Mr. Bird was the Vice President of Finance and Chief Financial Officer of Ascend Performance Materials, a provider of chemicals, fibers and plastics in Houston, Texas, from September 2010. Prior to joining Ascend, Mr. Bird served in a variety of accounting and finance roles, primarily in the industrial manufacturing sector including serving as a division Chief Financial Officer at Danaher Corporation. Mr. Bird holds a BA in Accounting from Cedarville University in Ohio.

James C. Webster is Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary. He joined the Company in February 2011 as Vice President and General Counsel and was elected to the additional position of Secretary in May 2011. From September 2005 until September 2010, he was Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of M-I SWACO, at the time a joint venture between Smith International, Inc. and Schlumberger Ltd., and then was an area general counsel for Schlumberger from September 2010 to February 2011 following Schlumberger’s acquisition of Smith International. From 1999 to September 2005, he was an associate with, and later a partner in, the law firm of Gardere Wynne Sewell LLP (now part of Foley & Lardner LLP) in Houston. Mr. Webster holds an economics degree from the University of Arizona and a joint Law/MBA from Loyola University.

Kyle F. McClure is Vice President and Chief Financial Officer. He was appointed as the Vice President and Chief Financial Officer in January 2022. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. McClure served as Chief Financial Officer of Airswift, a global workforce solutions company, from June 2019 until December 2021. Prior to joining Airswift, Kyle served as Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Frank’s International, a provider of engineered tubular services to the oil and gas industry, from March 2017 until June 2019, and before that as Treasurer of Frank’s International from March 2015 until March 2017. Prior to joining Frank’s International, Kyle served in a variety of finance and accounting positions of increasing responsibility at Ascend Performance Materials, Cooper Industries plc and Dell Technologies. Mr. McClure holds an economics degree from the University of Texas at Austin and an MBA from Baylor University.

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Item 1A. Risk Factors

In this Item 1A., the terms “we,” “our,” “us” and “Dril-Quip” used herein refer to Dril-Quip, Inc. and its subsidiaries unless otherwise indicated or as the context so requires.

Risks Related to COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic and developments in the global oil markets have had, and may continue to have, material adverse consequences for general economic, financial and business conditions, and could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and liquidity and those of our customers, suppliers and other counterparties.

The COVID-19 pandemic and the responses of governmental authorities, companies and individuals across the world to stem the spread of the virus have had a material negative impact on global economic activity and our business. Our manufacturing facilities rely on raw materials and components provided by our suppliers. The impacts of COVID-19 have caused and may continue to cause delays or disruptions in our supply chain. As a result, we have experienced and may continue experiencing manufacturing slow-downs, requiring us to seek to obtain alternate sources of supply, that may not be available or may be more expensive. We have experienced or may experience disruptions to our supply chain and business operations, or to our suppliers’ or customers’ supply chains and business operations, including disruptions from the closure of supplier and manufacturer facilities, interruptions in the supply of raw materials and components, personnel absences, or restrictions on the shipment of our or our suppliers’ or customers’ products. Such disruptions have had and could continue to have adverse ripple effects on our business. Further, governments have imposed and may continue to impose travel bans, quarantines and other emergency public health measures that decrease the number of businesses open for operation and substantially reduce the number of people traveling to work or leaving their home to purchase goods and services. As a result, there has been substantial volatility in the demand for and the market prices of crude oil. Additionally, actions taken by OPEC+ related to crude oil supply have exacerbated the negative impact on the market prices for crude oil. Despite the current price recovery, uncertainty remains around the current level of oil prices as a result of the on-going effects of COVID-19 and the global vaccine efforts, as well as the uncertainty surrounding the longevity of the OPEC+ production agreements.

Any prolonged period of economic slowdown or recession resulting from the negative effects of COVID-19 on economic and business prospects across the world may negatively impact crude oil prices and the demand for our products, and could have significant adverse consequences to our financial condition and the financial condition of our customers, suppliers and other counterparties.

The ultimate extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, financial condition, results of operation and liquidity will depend largely on the pace and level of the recovery from the pandemic and whether overall economic activity returns to pre-pandemic levels, all of which are uncertain and cannot be predicted with certainty at this time.

Risks Related to Business, Operations and Industry

A material or extended decline in expenditures by the oil and gas industry could significantly reduce our revenue and income.

Our business depends upon the condition of the oil and gas industry and, in particular, the willingness of oil and gas companies to make capital expenditures on exploration, drilling and production operations. The level of capital expenditures is generally dependent on the prevailing view of future oil and gas prices, which are influenced by numerous factors affecting the supply and demand for oil and gas, including:

worldwide economic activity;
the level of exploration and production activity;
interest rates and the cost of capital;
environmental regulation;
government initiatives to promote the use of renewable energy sources and public sentiment and consumer demand regarding renewable energy and electric vehicles;
federal, state and foreign policies regarding exploration and development of oil and gas;
the ability and/or desire of OPEC+ and other major producers to set and maintain production levels and pricing;
governmental regulations regarding future oil and gas exploration and production;
the cost of exploring and producing oil and gas;
technological advances affecting energy consumption;

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the cost of developing alternative energy sources;
the availability, expiration date and price of onshore and offshore leases;
the discovery rate of new oil and gas reserves in onshore and offshore areas;
the success of drilling for oil and gas in unconventional resource plays such as shale formations;
alternative opportunities to invest in onshore exploration and production opportunities;
technological advances and new techniques that render drilling more efficient or reduce demand for, and production of, fossil fuels; and
weather conditions and natural disasters.

Oil and gas prices and the level of drilling and production activity have been characterized by significant volatility in recent years. Worldwide military, political and economic events have contributed to crude oil and natural gas price volatility and are likely to continue to do so in the future. In addition, the effects of global health epidemics and concerns, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, has materially impacted demand for crude oil and natural gas which has contributed to further price volatility.

We expect continued pressure in both crude oil and natural gas prices, as well as in the level of drilling and production related activities, particularly as they relate to offshore activities. Even during periods of high prices for oil and natural gas, companies exploring for oil and gas may cancel or curtail programs, seek to renegotiate contract terms, including the price of our products and services, or reduce their levels of capital expenditures for exploration and production for a variety of reasons. These risks are greater during periods of low or declining commodity prices.

We may not be able to satisfy technical requirements, testing requirements or other specifications under contracts and contract tenders.

Our products are used primarily in deepwater, harsh environment and severe service applications. Our contracts with customers and customer requests for bids typically set forth detailed specifications or technical requirements for our products and services, which may also include extensive testing requirements. We anticipate that such testing requirements will become more common in our contracts. In addition, scrutiny of the drilling industry has resulted in more stringent technical specifications for our products and more comprehensive testing requirements for our products to ensure compliance with such specifications. We cannot assure you that our products will be able to satisfy the specifications or that we will be able to perform the full-scale testing necessary to prove that the product specifications are satisfied in future contract bids or under existing contracts, or that the costs of modifications to our products to satisfy the specifications and testing will not adversely affect our results of operations. If our products are unable to satisfy such requirements, or we are unable to perform any required full-scale testing, our customers may cancel their contracts and/or seek new suppliers, and our business, results of operations, cash flows or financial position may be adversely affected.

We may be unable to successfully compete with other manufacturers of drilling and production equipment.

Several of our primary competitors are diversified multinational companies with substantially larger operating staffs and greater capital resources than ours and which have been engaged in the manufacturing business for a much longer time than us. If these competitors substantially increase the resources they devote to developing and marketing competitive products and services, we may not be able to compete effectively. Similarly, consolidation among our competitors could enhance their product and service offerings and financial resources, further intensifying competition.

Our customers’ industries are undergoing continuing consolidation that may impact our results of operations.

The oil and gas industry is rapidly consolidating and, as a result, some of our largest customers have consolidated and are using their size and purchasing power to seek economies of scale and pricing concessions. This consolidation may result in reduced capital spending by some of our customers or the acquisition of one or more of our primary customers, which may lead to decreased demand for our products and services. We cannot assure you that we will be able to maintain our level of sales to a customer that has consolidated or replace that revenue with increased business activity with other customers. As a result, the acquisition of one or more of our primary customers may have a significant negative impact on our results of operations, financial position or cash flows. We are unable to predict what effect consolidations in the industry may have on price, capital spending by our customers, our selling strategies, our competitive position, our ability to retain customers or our ability to negotiate favorable agreements with our customers.

Increases in the cost of raw materials and energy used in our manufacturing processes could negatively impact our profitability.

Any increases in commodity prices for items such as nickel, molybdenum and heavy metal scrap that are used to make the steel alloys required for our products would result in an increase in our raw material costs. Like others in our industry, in 2021, we faced, and continue to face, unprecedented inflationary pressures. Similarly, any increase in energy costs would increase our product costs. If

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we are not successful in raising our prices on products to compensate for any increased raw material or energy costs, our margins will be negatively impacted.

Our business involves numerous operating hazards that may not be covered by insurance. The occurrence of an event not fully covered by insurance could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

Our products are used in potentially hazardous drilling, completion and production applications that can cause personal injury, product liability and environmental claims. In addition, certain areas where our products are used, including in and near the U.S. Gulf of Mexico, are close to high population areas and subject to hurricanes and other extreme weather conditions on a relatively frequent basis. A catastrophic occurrence at a location where our equipment and/or services are used may expose us to substantial liability for personal injury, wrongful death, product liability, environmental damage or commercial claims. Our general liability insurance program includes an aggregate coverage limit with respect to property damage, injury or death and pollution. Additionally, our insurance policies may not cover fines, penalties or costs and expenses related to government-mandated cleanup of pollution. Our insurance does not provide coverage for all liabilities, and we cannot assure you that our insurance coverage will be adequate to cover claims that may arise or that we will be able to maintain adequate insurance at rates we consider reasonable. The occurrence of an event not fully covered by insurance could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

We attempt to further limit our liability through contractual indemnification provisions with our customers. Due to competitive market pressures, we may not be able to successfully obtain favorable contractual provisions, and a failure to do so may increase our risks and costs, which could materially impact our results of operations. In addition, we cannot assure you that any party that is contractually obligated to indemnify us will be financially able to do so or that a court will enforce all such indemnities.

Acquisitions, dispositions and investments may not result in anticipated benefits and may present risks not originally contemplated, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

From time to time, we evaluate purchases and sales of assets, businesses or other investments. These transactions may not result in the anticipated realization of savings, creation of efficiencies, offering of new products or services, generation of cash or income or reduction of risk. In addition, acquisitions may be financed by borrowings, requiring us to incur debt, or by the issuance of our common stock. These transactions involve numerous risks, and we cannot ensure that:

any acquisition would be successfully integrated into our operations and internal controls;
the due diligence conducted prior to an acquisition would uncover situations that could result in financial or legal exposure;
the use of cash for acquisitions would not adversely affect our cash available for capital expenditures and other uses;
any disposition, investment, acquisition or integration would not divert management resources from the operation of our business; or
any disposition, investment, acquisition or integration would not have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Our international operations expose us to instability and changes in economic and political conditions and other risks inherent to international business, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position or cash flows.

We have substantial international operations, with approximately 63.8% of our revenues derived from foreign sales in 2021, 66.7% in 2020 and 65.0% in 2019. We operate our business and market our products and services in many of the significant oil and gas producing areas in the world and are, therefore, subject to the risks customarily attendant to international operations and investments in foreign countries. Risks associated with our international operations include:

volatility in general economic, social and political conditions;
terrorist threats or acts, war and civil disturbances;
expropriation or nationalization of assets;
renegotiation or nullification of existing contracts;
foreign taxation, including changes in laws or differing interpretations of existing laws;
assaults on property or personnel;
restrictive action by local governments;
foreign and domestic monetary policies;

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limitations on repatriation of earnings;
the occurrence of a trade war or other governmental action related to tariffs or trade agreements or policies;
travel limitations or operational problems caused by public health threats; and
changes in currency exchange rates.

Any of these risks could have an adverse effect on our ability to manufacture products abroad or the demand for our products and services in some locations. To date, we have not experienced any significant problems in foreign countries arising from local government actions or political instability, but there is no assurance that such problems will not arise in the future. Interruption of our international operations could have a material adverse effect on our overall operations.

Loss of our key management or other personnel could adversely impact our business.

We depend on the continued services of our executive officers and other key members of management, particularly our President and Chief Executive Officer. From time to time, there may be changes in our executive management team resulting from the hiring or departure of executives. Such changes in our executive management team may be disruptive to our business. The loss of one or more of our key employees or groups could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

The overall timing and level of transition of the global energy sector from fossil-based systems of energy production and consumption to more renewable energy sources could adversely affect our business.

Our current product offering is targeted to our customers that are engaged in the development and production of oil and gas. Any changes by our customers or the global energy sector from fossil-fuel production to renewable energy sources like wind and solar may negatively impact the demand for our products that are used in the drilling and production of oil and gas. The increasing penetration of renewable energy into the energy supply mix, the increased use of electric vehicles and improvements in energy storage may all affect the demand for our current products. Any transition of the global energy sector from fossil-based systems of energy production and consumption to more renewable energy sources could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

Risks Related to Third-Party Relationships

We rely on technology provided by third parties and our business may be materially adversely affected if we are unable to renew our licensing arrangements with them.

We have existing contracts and may enter into new contracts with customers that require us to use technology or to purchase components from third parties, including some of our competitors. In the ordinary course of our business, we have entered into licensing agreements with some of these third parties for the use of such technology, including a license from a competitor of a technology important to our subsea wellheads. We may not be able to renew our existing licenses or to purchase these components on terms acceptable to us, or at all. If we are unable to use a technology or purchase a component, we may not be able to meet existing contractual commitments without increased costs or modifications or at all. In addition, we may need to stop selling products incorporating that technology or component or to redesign our products, either of which could result in a material adverse effect on our business and operations.

The loss of a significant customer could have an adverse impact on our financial results.

Our principal customers are major integrated oil and gas companies, large independent and foreign national oil and gas companies throughout the world. Drilling contractors, other oilfield contractors and engineering and construction companies also represent a portion of our customer base. In 2021, our top 15 customers represented approximately 59% of total revenues, and Chevron and its affiliated companies accounted for approximately 12% of total revenues. In 2020 and 2019, our top 15 customers represented approximately 60% and 52% of total revenues, respectively, while Chevron and BP and their affiliated companies accounted for approximately 11% and 10%, respectively of 2020 and 2019 total revenues. The loss of one or more of our significant customers could have an adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

We depend on third-party suppliers for timely deliveries of raw materials, and our results of operations could be adversely affected if we are unable to obtain adequate supplies in a timely manner.

Our manufacturing operations depend upon obtaining adequate supplies of raw materials from third parties. The ability of these third parties to deliver raw materials may be affected by events beyond our control, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Restrictions or disruptions of transportation related to the pandemic, including reduced availability of air transport, port closures and increased border controls or closures, have resulted in higher costs and delays, both on obtaining raw materials and shipping finished goods to

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customers. Any interruption or increased costs in the supply of raw materials needed to manufacture our products could adversely affect our business, results of operations and reputation with our customers.

Financial Risks

Conditions in the global financial system may have impacts on our business and financial position that we currently cannot predict.

Uncertainty in the credit markets may negatively impact the ability of our customers to finance purchases of our products and services and could result in a decrease in, or cancellation of, orders included in our backlog or adversely affect the collectability of our receivables. If the availability of credit to our customers is reduced, they may reduce their drilling and production expenditures, thereby decreasing demand for our products and services, which could have a negative impact on our financial position. Additionally, unsettled conditions could have an impact on our suppliers, causing them to be unable to meet their obligations to us. A prolonged constriction on future lending by banks or investors could result in higher interest rates on future debt obligations or could restrict our ability to obtain sufficient financing to meet our long-term operational and capital needs.

We are exposed to the credit risks of our customers, and a general increase in the nonpayment and nonperformance by customers could have an adverse impact on our cash flows, results of operations and financial condition.

Our business is subject to risks of loss resulting from nonpayment or nonperformance by our customers. Certain of our customers finance their activities through cash flow from operations, the incurrence of debt or the issuance of equity. In an economic downturn, commodity prices typically decline, and the credit markets and availability of credit can be expected to be constrained. Additionally, certain of our customers’ equity values could decline. The combination of lower cash flow due to commodity prices, a reduction in borrowing bases under reserve-based credit facilities and the lack of available debt or equity financing may result in a significant reduction in our customers’ liquidity and ability to pay or otherwise perform on their obligations to us. Furthermore, some of our customers may be highly leveraged and subject to their own operating and regulatory risks, which increases the risk that they may default on their obligations to us. Any increase in the nonpayment and nonperformance by our customers could have an adverse impact on our operating results and could adversely affect our liquidity.

Our backlog is subject to unexpected adjustments and cancellations and is, therefore, an uncertain indicator of our future revenues and earnings.

The revenues projected in our backlog may not be realized or, if realized, may not result in profits. All of the projects currently included in our backlog are subject to change and/or termination at the option of the customer. In case of a change or termination, the customer is generally required to pay us for work performed and other costs necessarily incurred as a result of the change or termination.

We can give no assurance that our backlog will remain at current levels. Sales of our products are affected by prices for oil and natural gas, which have fluctuated significantly and may continue to do so in the future. Contracts denominated in foreign currency are also affected by changes in exchange rates, which may have a negative impact on our backlog. When drilling and production levels are depressed, a customer may no longer need the equipment or services currently under contract or may be able to obtain comparable equipment or services at lower prices. As a result, customers may delay projects, exercise their termination rights or attempt to renegotiate contract terms.

Continued declines in, or sustained low levels of, oil and natural gas prices could also reduce new customer orders, possibly causing a decline in our future backlog. If we experience significant project terminations, suspensions or scope adjustments to contracts reflected in our backlog, our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows may be adversely impacted.

Impairment in the carrying value of long-lived assets, inventory and intangible assets could negatively affect our operating results.

We evaluate our property and equipment for impairment whenever changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable, and we could incur additional impairment charges related to the carrying value of our long-lived assets.

Long-lived assets, including property, plant and equipment and definite-lived intangible assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. We evaluate our property and equipment and definite-lived intangible assets for impairment whenever changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset group may not be recoverable. Should the review indicate that the carrying value is not fully recoverable, the amount of the impairment loss is determined by comparing the carrying value to the estimated fair value. We assess recoverability based on undiscounted future net cash flows. Estimating future net cash flows requires us to make judgements regarding long-term forecasts of future revenues and costs related to the assets subject to review. These forecasts are uncertain in that they require assumptions about our revenue growth, operating margins, capital expenditures, future market conditions and technological developments. If changes in these assumptions occur, our expectations regarding future net cash flows may change such that a material impairment could result. We incurred inventory and long-lived asset write-downs of approximately $66.9 million and $4.2

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million, respectively, during the year ended December 31, 2021. These charges are reflected as "Restructuring and other charges" in our Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss).

In March 2020, the overall offshore market conditions declined primarily due to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic and the developments in the global oil markets. This decline was evidenced by lower commodity prices, decline in expected offshore rig counts, decrease in our customers’ capital budgets and potential contract delays. As a result, an interim goodwill impairment analysis was performed in connection with the preparation and review of financial statements during the first quarter of 2020. Based on this analysis, we fully impaired our goodwill balance of $7.7 million, all of which was in the Eastern Hemisphere reporting unit. Additionally, we incurred inventory and long-lived asset write-downs of approximately $17.3 million and $8.3 million, respectively, during the year ended December 31, 2020. These charges are reflected as "Restructuring and other charges" in our Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss).

There were no inventory and long-lived asset write-downs, and impairments recorded during the year ended December 31, 2019.

During 2021, Brent crude oil prices fluctuated significantly, with a high of $85.76 per barrel, a low of $50.37 per barrel, and an average of $70.86 per barrel. Continued volatility in market conditions may further deteriorate the financial performance or future prospects of our operating segments from current levels, which may result in an impairment of long-lived assets or inventory and negatively impact our financial results in the period of impairment.

Our excess cash is invested in various financial instruments which may subject us to potential losses.

We invest excess cash in various financial instruments including interest bearing accounts, money market mutual funds and funds which invest in U.S. Treasury obligations and repurchase agreements backed by U.S. Treasury obligations. However, changes in the financial markets, including interest rates, as well as the performance of the issuers, can affect the market value of our short-term investments.

We may suffer losses as a result of foreign currency fluctuations and limitations on the ability to repatriate income or capital to the United States.

We conduct a portion of our business in currencies other than the U. S. dollar, and our operations are subject to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. We cannot assure you that we will be able to protect the Company against such fluctuations in the future. Further, we cannot assure you that the countries in which we currently operate will not adopt policies limiting repatriation of earnings in the future.

Our foreign subsidiaries also hold significant amounts of cash that may be subject to both U.S. income taxes (subject to adjustment for foreign tax credits) and withholding taxes of the applicable foreign country if we repatriate that cash to the United States.

We may lose money on fixed-price contracts.

A portion of our business consists of the designing, manufacturing and selling of our equipment for major projects pursuant to competitive bids and is performed on a fixed-price basis. Under these contracts, we are typically responsible for all cost overruns, other than the amount of any cost overruns resulting from requested changes in order specifications. Our actual costs and any gross profit realized on these fixed-price contracts may vary from the estimated amounts on which these contracts were originally based. This may occur for various reasons, including:

errors in estimates or bidding;
changes in availability and cost of labor and materials;
variations in productivity from our original estimates; and
material changes in foreign currency exchange rates.

These variations and the risks inherent in our projects may result in reduced profitability or losses on projects. Depending on the size of a project, variations from estimated contract performance could have a material adverse impact on our operating results.

We may be required to recognize a charge against current earnings because of over time method of accounting.

Revenues and profits on long-term project contracts are recognized on an over time basis. We calculate the percent complete and apply the percentage to determine revenues earned and the appropriate portion of total estimated costs. Accordingly, purchase order price and cost estimates are reviewed periodically as the work progresses, and adjustments proportionate to the percentage complete are reflected in the period when such estimates are revised. To the extent that these adjustments result in a reduction or elimination of previously reported profits, we would have to recognize a charge against current earnings, which could be significant depending on the size of the project or the adjustment.

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Risks Related to Legal, Compliance and Regulations

Our international operations require us to comply with a number of U.S. and foreign regulations governing the international trade of goods, services and technology, which expose us to compliance risks.

Doing business on a worldwide basis exposes us and our subsidiaries to risks inherent in complying with the laws and regulations of a number of different nations, including various anti-bribery laws. We do business and have operations in a number of developing countries that have relatively underdeveloped legal and regulatory systems compared to more developed countries. Several of these countries are generally perceived as presenting a higher than normal risk of corruption, or as having a culture in which requests for improper payments are not discouraged. As a result, we may be subject to risks under the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the United Kingdom’s Bribery Act of 2010 and similar laws in other countries that generally prohibit companies and their representatives from making, offering or authorizing improper payments to government officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. We have adopted policies and procedures, including our Code of Business Conduct and Ethical Practices, which are designed to promote compliance with such laws. However, maintaining and administering an effective compliance program under applicable anti-bribery laws in developing countries presents greater challenges than is the case in more developed countries.

In addition, the movement of goods, services and technology subjects us to complex legal regimes governing international trade. Our import activities are governed by unique tariff and customs laws and regulations in each of the countries where we operate. Further, many of the countries in which we do business maintain controls on the export or reexport of certain goods, services and technology, as well as economic sanctions that prohibit or restrict business activities in, with or involving certain persons, entities or countries. These laws and regulations concerning import and export activity, including their recordkeeping and reporting requirements, are complex and frequently changing. Moreover, they may be adopted, enacted, amended, enforced or interpreted in a manner that could materially impact our operations.

The precautions we take to prevent and detect misconduct, fraud or non-compliance with applicable laws and regulations governing international trade, including anti-bribery laws, may not be able to prevent such occurrences, and we could face unknown risks or losses. Our failure to comply with applicable laws or regulations or acts of misconduct could subject us to criminal or civil penalties, such as fines, imprisonment, sanctions, debarment from government contracts, seizure of shipments and loss of import and export privileges. In addition, actual or alleged violations of such laws and regulations could be expensive and consume significant time and attention of senior management to investigate and resolve, as well as damage our reputation and ability to do business, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business and our results of operations, financial position and cash flows. We are also subject to the risks that our employees, agents and other representatives may act or fail to act in violation of such laws or regulations or our compliance policies and procedures.

The United Kingdom (U.K.) formally left the European Union (E.U.) on January 31, 2020 (“Brexit”) and the transition period, during which E.U. laws continued to apply to the U.K., expired on December 31, 2020. Accordingly, E.U. laws now only directly apply to the U.K. in respect of Northern Ireland, as laid out in the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland. Following the end of the transition period, the E.U. and the U.K. concluded a trade and cooperation agreement (“TCA”), which entered into force on May 1, 2021. The TCA includes provisions on the trade of goods (including on customs and tariffs) leaving other areas for further discussion and agreement between the E.U. and the U.K. Since January 1, 2021, the E.U. laws which have been adopted and transposed into U.K. law through secondary legislation continue to be applicable in the U.K. as “retained E.U. law” (subject to any amendment or repeal by the U.K.) Brexit could lead to increasingly divergent national laws and regulations as the U.K. government determines which retained E.U. laws to modify or replace. This in turn could impact compliance and operational costs for the Company, in particular to the extent that it is reliant upon access into or outputs from the E.U. This, or other effects of Brexit which we cannot anticipate, could have a negative impact on the Company’s financial position and results of operations. See “Our international operations expose us to instability and changes in economic and political conditions and other risks inherent to international business, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position or cash flows" under "Item 1A. Risk Factors".

The consequences of Brexit and the negotiations that the U.K. has undertaken, and is currently undertaking with other countries with a view to replicating (where possible) the effects of the E.U.’s international trade agreements, which the U.K. no longer benefits from, could introduce significant uncertainties into global financial markets and adversely impact the regions in which we and our clients operate. For example, importing and exporting activity from our Aberdeen manufacturing facility could be subject to higher costs and delays, which could cause disruptions in our delivery schedules to our customers. The possibility of a second Scottish referendum on the independence of Scotland from the U.K. and the uncertainty associated with such a referendum (as well as any potential outcomes were a referendum to be held) could result in additional economic uncertainty and cause disruption to economic trade and our business operations.

We are subject to taxation in many jurisdictions and there are inherent uncertainties in the final determination of our tax liabilities.

As a result of our international operations, we are subject to taxation in many jurisdictions. Accordingly, our effective income tax rate and other tax obligations in the future could be adversely affected by a number of factors, including changes in the mix of earnings in countries with differing statutory tax rates, the mix of business executed in deemed profit regimes compared to book

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income regimes, changes in the valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities, disagreements with taxing authorities with respect to the interpretation of tax laws and regulations and changes in tax laws. In particular, foreign income tax returns of foreign subsidiaries and related entities are routinely examined by foreign tax authorities, and these tax examinations may result in assessments of additional taxes, interest or penalties. Refer to "Item 3. Legal Proceedings" regarding tax assessments in Brazil. We regularly assess all of these matters to determine the adequacy of our tax provision, which is subject to discretion. If our assessments are incorrect, it could have an adverse effect on our business and financial condition.

Moreover, the United States Congress, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and other government agencies in the other jurisdictions where we and our subsidiaries do business have had an extended focus on issues related to the taxation of multinational corporations. One example is in the area of "base erosion and profit shifting," where payments are made between affiliates from a jurisdiction with high tax rates to a jurisdiction with lower tax rates. As a result, the tax laws in the United States and other countries in which we and our subsidiaries do business could change on a prospective or retroactive basis, and such changes could adversely affect us.

Our operations and our customers’ operations are subject to a variety of governmental laws and regulations that may increase our costs, limit the demand for our products and services or restrict our operations.

Our business and our customers’ businesses may be significantly affected by:

federal, state, local and foreign laws and other regulations relating to the oilfield operations, worker safety and the protection of the environment;
changes in these laws and regulations;
levels of enforcement of these laws and regulations; and
interpretation of existing laws and regulations.

In addition, we depend on the demand for our products and services from the oil and gas industry. This demand is affected by changing taxes, price controls and other laws and regulations relating to the oil and gas industry in general, including those specifically directed to offshore operations. For example, the adoption of laws and regulations curtailing exploration and development drilling for oil and gas for economic or other policy reasons could adversely affect our operations by limiting demand for our products. We cannot determine the extent to which our future operations and earnings may be affected by new legislation, new regulations or changes in existing regulations and enforcement thereof.

Various new regulations intended to improve particularly offshore safety systems and environmental protection have been issued since 2010 that have increased the complexity of the drilling permit process and may limit the opportunity for some operators to continue deepwater drilling in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico, which could adversely affect the Company’s financial operations. Third-party challenges to industry operations in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico may also serve to further delay or restrict activities. If the new regulations, policies, operating procedures and possibility of increased legal liability are viewed by our current or future customers as a significant impairment to expected profitability on projects, they could discontinue or curtail their operations, thereby adversely affecting our financial operations by decreasing demand for our products.

Because of our foreign operations and sales, we are also subject to changes in foreign laws and regulations that may encourage or require hiring of local contractors or require foreign contractors to employ citizens of, or purchase supplies from, a particular jurisdiction. If we fail to comply with any applicable law or regulation, our business, results of operations, financial position and cash flows may be adversely affected.

Our businesses and our customers’ businesses are subject to environmental laws and regulations that may increase our costs, limit the demand for our products and services or restrict our operations.

Our operations and the operations of our customers are also subject to federal, state, local and foreign laws and regulations relating to the protection of human health and the environment. These environmental laws and regulations affect the products and services we design, market and sell, as well as the facilities where we manufacture our products. For example, our operations are subject to numerous and complex laws and regulations that, among other things, may regulate the management and disposal of hazardous and non-hazardous wastes; require acquisition of environmental permits related to our operations; restrict the types, quantities and concentrations of various materials that can be released into the environment; limit or prohibit operation activities in certain ecologically sensitive and other protected areas; regulate specific health and safety criteria addressing worker protection; require compliance with operational and equipment standards; impose testing, reporting and record-keeping requirements; and require remedial measures to mitigate pollution from former and ongoing operations. We are required to invest financial and managerial resources to comply with such environmental, health and safety laws and regulations and anticipate that we will continue to be required to do so in the future. In addition, environmental laws and regulations could limit our customers’ exploration and production activities. These laws and regulations change frequently, which makes it impossible for us to predict their cost or impact on our future operations. Consequently, such legislation or regulatory programs could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results

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of operations. It is too early to determine whether, or in what form, further regulatory action regarding greenhouse gas emissions will be adopted or what specific impact a new regulatory action might have on us or our customers. However, our business and prospects could be adversely affected to the extent laws are enacted or modified or other governmental action is taken that prohibits or restricts our customers’ exploration and production activities or imposes environmental protection requirements that result in increased costs to us or our customers.

Environmental laws may provide for “strict liability” for damages to natural resources or threats to public health and safety, rendering a party liable for environmental damage without regard to negligence or fault on the part of such party. Sanctions for noncompliance may include revocation of permits, corrective action orders, administrative or civil penalties and criminal prosecution. Some environmental laws and regulations provide for joint and several strict liability for remediation of spills and releases of hazardous substances. In addition, we may be subject to claims alleging personal injury or property damage as a result of alleged exposure to hazardous substances, as well as damage to natural resources. These laws and regulations also may expose us to liability for the conduct of or conditions caused by others, or for our acts that were in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations at the time such acts were performed. Any of these laws and regulations could result in claims, fines or expenditures that could be material to results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

Global climate change may in the future increase the frequency and severity of weather events and the losses resulting therefrom, which could have a material adverse effect on the economies in the markets in which we operate or plan to operate in the future and therefore on our business.

Our business could be negatively affected by climate-change related physical changes or changes in weather patterns. Severe weather events affecting platforms or structures may result in a suspension of our customer’s exploration and production activities. In addition, impacts of climate change, such as sea level rise, coastal storm surge, inland flooding from intense rainfall and hurricane-strength winds may damage our facilities or those of our customers. An increase in severe weather patterns could result in damages to or loss of our equipment, impact our ability to conduct our operations and/or result in a disruption of our customers’ operations which could be material to our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

Increasing scrutiny and changing expectations from investors, lenders and other market participants with respect to our ESG policies may impose additional costs on us or expose us to additional risks.

Companies across all industries are facing increasing scrutiny relating to their Environmental, Social and Governance (‘‘ESG’’) policies. Investor advocacy groups, certain institutional investors, investment funds, lenders and other market participants are increasingly focused on ESG practices and in recent years have placed increasing importance on the implications and social cost of their investments. The increased focus and activism related to ESG and similar matters may hinder access to capital, as investors and lenders may decide to reallocate capital or not to commit capital as a result of their assessment of a company’s ESG practices. Companies that do not adapt to or comply with investor, lender or other industry shareholder expectations and standards, which are evolving, or which are perceived to have not responded appropriately to the growing concern for ESG issues, regardless of whether
there is a legal requirement to do so, may suffer from reputational damage and the business, financial condition or stock price of such a company could be materially and adversely affected.

We may face increasing pressures from investors, lenders and other market participants, who are increasingly focused on climate change, to prioritize sustainable energy practices, reduce our carbon footprint and promote sustainability. As a result, we may be required to implement more stringent ESG procedures or standards so that our existing and future investors and lenders remain invested in us and make further investments in us, especially given the specific business of providing drilling and production equipment for oil and gas exploration in which we are engaged. If we do not meet these standards, our business or our ability to access capital could be harmed.

Additionally, certain investors and lenders have and may continue to exclude companies engaged in drilling and production activity, such as us, from their investing portfolios altogether due to ESG factors. For example, New York State’s Pension Fund, which had already divested from nearly two dozen thermal coal companies in July 2020, announced in December 2020 that it would seek to divest from fossil fuel stocks by 2025 and sell its shares in other companies that contribute to climate change by 2040. Likewise, in January 2021, two of New York City’s largest pension funds, the New York City Employees’ Retirement System and the New York City Teachers’ Retirement System, approved the divestment of approximately $4 billion from fossil fuel companies, and the New York City Board of Education Retirement System is expected to follow suit. These limitations in both the debt and equity capital markets may affect our ability to grow as our plans for growth may include accessing those markets. If those markets are unavailable, or if we are unable to access alternative means of financing on acceptable terms, or at all, we may be unable to implement our business strategy, which would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations and impair our ability to service our indebtedness.

Further, it is likely that we will incur additional costs and require additional resources to monitor, report and comply with wide ranging ESG requirements. Similarly, these policies may negatively impact the ability of our customers to access debt and capital markets. The occurrence of any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition.

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Demand for our products and services could be reduced by existing and future legislation, regulations and public sentiment related to the transition away from fossil fuel energy sources.

Regulatory agencies and environmental advocacy groups in the European Union, the United States and other regions or countries have been focusing considerable attention on the emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and other greenhouse gases and their role in climate change. There is also increased focus, including by governments and our customers, investors and other stakeholders, on these and other sustainability and energy transition matters. Existing or future legislation and regulations related to greenhouse gas emissions and climate change, as well as initiatives by governments, nongovernmental organizations, and companies to conserve energy or promote the use of alternative energy sources, and negative attitudes toward or perceptions of fossil fuel products and their relationship to the environment, may significantly curtail demand for and production of oil and gas in areas of the world where our customers operate, and thus reduce future demand for our products and services. This may, in turn, adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Our business, reputation and demand for our stock could be negatively affected if we do not (or are perceived to not) act responsibly with respect to sustainability matters.

Our business is subject to complex and evolving U.S. and foreign laws and regulations regarding privacy and data protection.

The regulatory environment surrounding data privacy and protection is constantly evolving and can be subject to significant change. New laws and regulations governing data privacy and the unauthorized disclosure of confidential information, including the European Union General Data Protection Regulation and recent California legislation, pose increasingly complex compliance challenges and potentially elevate our costs. Any failure, or perceived failure, by us to comply with applicable data protection laws could result in proceedings or actions against us by governmental entities or others, subject us to significant fines, penalties, judgments and negative publicity, require us to change our business practices, increase the costs and complexity of compliance, and adversely affect our business. As noted above, we are also subject to the possibility of cyber incidents or attacks, which themselves may result in a violation of these laws. Additionally, if we acquire a company that has violated or is not in compliance with applicable data protection laws, we may incur significant liabilities and penalties as a result.

Risks Related to Cybersecurity and Technology

Our business could be adversely affected if we do not develop new products and secure and retain patents related to our products.

Technology is an important component of our business and growth strategy, and our success as a company depends to a significant extent on the development and implementation of new product designs and improvements. Whether we can continue to develop systems and services and related technologies to meet evolving industry requirements and, if so, at prices acceptable to our customers will be significant factors in determining our ability to compete in the industry in which we operate. Many of our competitors are large multinational companies that may have significantly greater financial resources than we have, and they may be able to devote greater resources to research and development of new systems, services and technologies than we are able to do.

Our ability to compete effectively will also depend on our ability to continue to obtain patents on our proprietary technology and products. Although we do not consider any single patent to be material to our business as a whole, the inability to protect our future innovations through patents could have a material adverse effect.

Our business could be adversely affected by a failure or breach of our information technology systems.

Our business operations depend on our information technology (IT) systems. Despite our security and back-up measures, our IT systems are vulnerable to cyber incidents or attacks, natural disasters and other disruptions or failures. Due to the nature of cyber-attacks, breaches to our IT systems could go unnoticed for a prolonged period of time. The failure of our IT systems to perform as anticipated for any reason or any significant breach of security could disrupt our business or the businesses of key customers or suppliers and result in numerous adverse consequences, including reduced effectiveness and efficiency of our operations and those of our customers or suppliers, the loss, theft, corruption or inappropriate disclosure of confidential information or critical data, including sensitive employee and customer data, increased overhead costs, loss of revenue, legal liabilities and regulatory penalties, including under data protection laws and regulations, loss of intellectual property and damage to our reputation, which could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations. In addition, we may be required to incur significant costs to prevent or respond to damage caused by these disruptions or security breaches in the future.

Risks Related to Ownership of our Common Stock

The market price of our common stock may be volatile.

The trading price of our common stock and the price at which we may sell common stock in the future are subject to large fluctuations in response to any of the following:

limited trading volume in our common stock;

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quarterly variations in operating results;
general financial market conditions;
the prices of natural gas and oil;
announcements by us and our competitors;
our liquidity;
changes in government regulations;
our ability to raise additional funds;
our involvement in litigation; and
other events.

We do not anticipate paying dividends on our common stock in the near future.

We have not paid any dividends in the past and do not intend to pay cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. Our Board of Directors reviews this policy on a regular basis in light of our earnings, financial position and market opportunities. We currently intend to retain any earnings for the future operation and development of our business as well as potential stock repurchases or acquisition opportunities.

Provisions in our corporate documents and Delaware law could delay or prevent a change in control of the Company, even if that change would be beneficial to our stockholders.

The existence of some provisions in our corporate documents and Delaware law could delay or prevent a change in control of our company, even if that change would be beneficial to our stockholders. Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws contain provisions that may make acquiring control of our company difficult, including:

provisions relating to the classification, nomination and removal of our directors;
provisions regulating the ability of our stockholders to bring matters for action at annual meetings of our stockholders;
provisions requiring the approval of the holders of at least 80% of our voting stock for a broad range of business combination transactions with related persons; and
the authorization given to our Board of Directors to issue and set the terms of preferred stock.

In addition, the Delaware General Corporation Law imposes restrictions on mergers and other business combinations between us and any holder of 15% or more of our outstanding common stock.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 2. Properties

Manufacturing Facilities

 

Location

 

Building Size
(Approximate
Square Feet)

 

 

Land
(Approximate
Acreage)

 

 

Owned or Leased

Houston, Texas

 

 

1,731,000

 

 

 

218.0

 

 

Owned

Aberdeen, Scotland

 

 

222,800

 

 

 

24.1

 

 

Owned

Singapore

 

 

293,200

 

 

 

14.4

 

 

Leased

Macae, Brazil

 

 

169,600

 

 

 

10.6

 

 

Owned

 

For additional information on our manufacturing facilities, see "Item 1. Business - General" and "Manufacturing".

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Sales, Service and Reconditioning Facilities

 

Location*

 

Building Size
(Approximate
Square Feet)

 

 

Land
(Approximate
Acreage)

 

 

Activity

Villahermosa, Mexico

 

 

18,836

 

 

 

2.9

 

 

Sales/Service/Warehouse

Anaco, Venezuela*

 

 

3,000

 

 

 

0.1

 

 

Sales/Service/Warehouse

Quito, Ecuador

 

 

2,600

 

 

 

0.1

 

 

Sales

Shushufindi, Ecuador

 

 

135,800

 

 

 

3.1

 

 

Sales/Service/Warehouse

Stavanger, Norway*

 

 

42,000

 

 

 

6.1

 

 

Sales/Service/Reconditioning/Warehouse/Fabrication

Esbjerg, Denmark

 

 

19,100

 

 

 

2.6

 

 

Sales/Service/Reconditioning/Warehouse

Takoradi, Ghana

 

 

2,500

 

 

 

0.8

 

 

Service/Reconditioning/Warehouse

Cairo, Egypt

 

 

2,200

 

 

 

 

 

Sales

Alexandria, Egypt

 

 

5,200

 

 

 

0.6

 

 

Service/Reconditioning/Warehouse

Doha, Qatar

 

 

8,900

 

 

 

 

 

Service/Reconditioning/Warehouse

Shekou, China

 

 

11,100

 

 

 

 

 

Sales/Service/Warehouse

Perth and Welshpool, Australia

 

 

28,000

 

 

 

2.9

 

 

Sales/Service/Reconditioning/Warehouse

Mumbai, India

 

 

130

 

 

 

 

 

Sales

Jakarta, Indonesia

 

 

150

 

 

 

 

 

Sales

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

 

 

400

 

 

 

 

 

Sales

Beijing, China

 

 

120

 

 

 

 

 

Sales

 

*These facilities are owned; all other facilities are leased.

The Company also performs sales, service and reconditioning activities at its facilities in Houston, Aberdeen, Singapore and Macae. For additional information on our manufacturing facilities, see "Item 1. Business – General."

For information with respect to this item, see "Contingencies," Note 15 of Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of Part II, which is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosure

Not applicable.

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PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Stock, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

The Company’s common stock is publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "DRQ."

There were approximately 209 stockholders of record of the Company’s common stock as of December 31, 2021. This number includes the Company’s employees and directors that hold shares but does not include the number of security holders for whom shares are held in a “nominee” or “street” name.

The Company has not paid any dividends in the past and does not currently anticipate paying any dividends in the foreseeable future. The Company intends to reinvest any retained earnings for the future operation and development of its business, or to use for potential stock repurchases or acquisition opportunities. The Board of Directors will review this policy on a regular basis in light of the Company’s earnings, financial position and market opportunities.

Information concerning securities authorized for issuance under equity compensation plans is included in "Stock-Based Compensation and Stock Awards," Note 18 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of Part II, which in incorporated herein by reference.

Repurchase of Equity Securities

The following table summarizes the repurchase and cancellation of our common stock during the year ended December 31, 2021

 

 

 

Twelve months ended December 31, 2021

 

 

 

Total Number of
Shares Purchased

 

 

Average Price paid
per Share

 

 

Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as Part of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs
(1)

 

 

Maximum Dollar
Value (in millions)
of Shares that May
Yet be Purchased
Under the Plans
or Programs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

January 1-31, 2021

 

 

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

48.5

 

February 1-29, 2021

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

48.5

 

March 1-31, 2021

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

48.5

 

April 1-30, 2021

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

48.5

 

May 1-31, 2021

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

48.5

 

June 1-30, 2021

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

48.5

 

July 1-31, 2021

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

48.5

 

August 1-31, 2021

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

48.5

 

September 1-30, 2021

 

 

45,225

 

 

 

25.02

 

 

 

45,225

 

 

 

47.3

 

October 1-31, 2021

 

 

343,315

 

 

 

25.81

 

 

 

343,315

 

 

 

38.5

 

November 1-30, 2021

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

38.5

 

December 1-31, 2021

 

 

720,647

 

 

 

19.67

 

 

 

720,647

 

 

 

24.3

 

 

 

 

1,109,187

 

 

$

21.79

 

 

 

1,109,187

 

 

$

24.3

 

 

(1) On February 26, 2019, the Company announced that its Board of Directors authorized a stock repurchase plan under which the Company is authorized to repurchase up to $100.0 million of its common stock. The repurchase plan has no set expiration date and any repurchased shares are expected to be cancelled. During the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company purchased 1,109,187 shares under the share repurchase plan at an average price of approximately $21.79 per share totaling approximately $24.2 million, pursuant to a 10b5-1 plan, which is reflected in "Retained earnings" in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. All repurchased shares have been cancelled as of December 31, 2021.

Performance Graph

The following graph compares the cumulative total shareholder return on our common stock to the cumulative total shareholder return on the Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Index and the Philadelphia Oil Service Sector Index (“OSX”), an index of oil and natural gas related companies that represents an industry composite of peers. This graph covers the period from December 31, 2016 through December 31, 2021. This comparison assumes the investment of $100 on December 31, 2016 and the reinvestment of all dividends, if any. The shareholder return set forth is not necessarily indicative of future performance.

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COMPARISON OF 5 YEARS

CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN

Among Dril-Quip, Inc., the S&P 500 Index

and the Philadelphia Oil Service Index (OSX)

 

img15752102_0.jpg 

 

 

 

The performance graph above is furnished and not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act and will not be incorporated by reference into any registration statement filed under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), unless specifically identified therein as being incorporated therein by reference. The performance graph is not soliciting material subject to Regulation 14A.

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Item 6. [Removed and Reserved].

 

 

 

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following is management’s discussion and analysis of certain significant factors that have affected aspects of the Company’s financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income and cash flows during the periods included in the accompanying consolidated financial statements. This discussion should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements and notes thereto presented elsewhere in this report.

For a discussion of our results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to the year ended December 31, 2019, see "Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Results of Operations" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Overview

Dril-Quip designs, manufactures, sells and services highly engineered drilling and production equipment that is well suited primarily for use in deepwater, harsh environment and severe service applications. The Company’s principal products consist of subsea and surface wellheads, subsea and surface production trees, mudline hanger systems, specialty connectors and associated pipe, drilling and production riser systems, liner hangers, wellhead connectors, diverters and safety valves. Dril-Quip's products are used by major integrated, large independent and foreign national oil and gas companies and drilling contractors throughout the world. Dril-Quip also provides technical advisory assistance on an as-requested basis during installation of its products, as well as rework and reconditioning services for customer-owned Dril-Quip products. In addition, Dril-Quip's customers may rent or purchase running tools from the Company for use in the installation and retrieval of the Company’s products.

Oil and Gas Prices

Both the market for drilling and production equipment and services and the Company’s business are substantially dependent on the condition of the oil and gas industry and, in particular, the willingness of oil and gas companies to make capital expenditures on exploration, drilling and production operations.

Although crude oil prices recovered in 2021, we have just started to see an increase in activity from our customers as any recovery in the subsea market generally lags relative to the overall recovery in crude oil prices. Future declines in oil and gas prices or ongoing pricing volatility may further adversely affect the willingness of some oil and gas companies to make capital expenditures on exploration, drilling and production operations, which could have an adverse impact on the Company’s results of operations, financial position and cash flows. Any future deterioration of commodity prices could lead to material impairment charges to tangible or intangible assets or otherwise result in a material adverse effect on the Company's results of operations. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—A material or extended decline in expenditures by the oil and gas industry could significantly reduce our revenue and income.”

During 2021, Brent crude oil prices fluctuated significantly, with a high of $85.76 per barrel, a low of $50.37 per barrel, and an average of $70.86 per barrel compared to an average of $41.96 per barrel in 2020. According to the January 2022 release of the Short-Term Energy Outlook published by the EIA, Brent crude oil prices are projected to average $74.95 per barrel in 2022 and $67.50 per barrel in 2023. The International Energy Agency projected the global oil demand to grow by approximately 3.3 million barrels per day to a total of 99.7 million barrels per day in 2022 based on its January 2022 Oil Market Report.

Rig Count

Detailed below is the average contracted offshore rig count (rigs currently drilling as well as rigs committed, but not yet drilling) for the Company’s geographic regions for the years ended December 31, 2021, and 2020. The rig count data includes floating rigs (semi-submersibles and drillships) and jack-up rigs. The Company has included only these types of rigs as they are the primary assets used to deploy the Company’s products.

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

Floating Rigs

 

 

Jack-up Rigs

 

 

Floating Rigs

 

 

Jack-up Rigs

 

Western Hemisphere

 

 

55

 

 

 

41

 

 

 

55

 

 

 

47

 

Eastern Hemisphere

 

 

45

 

 

 

57

 

 

 

47

 

 

 

60

 

Asia-Pacific

 

 

31

 

 

 

253

 

 

 

34

 

 

 

259

 

Total

 

 

131

 

 

 

351

 

 

 

136

 

 

 

366

 

 

Source: IHS—Petrodata RigBase— December 31, 2021, and 2020

According to IHS-Petrodata RigBase, as of December 31, 2021, there were 486 rigs contracted for the Company’s geographic regions (137 floating rigs and 349 jack-up rigs), which represents a 5.4% increase from the rig count of 461 rigs (126 floating rigs and 335 jack-up rigs) as of December 31, 2020.

Business Environment

Oil and gas prices and the level of drilling and production activity have been characterized by significant volatility in recent years. Worldwide military, political, economic and other events have contributed to oil and natural gas price volatility and are likely to

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continue to do so in the future. The Company expects continued pressure in both crude oil and natural gas prices, as well as in the level of drilling and production related activities. Even during periods of high prices for oil and natural gas, companies exploring for oil and gas may cancel or curtail programs, seek to renegotiate contract terms, including the price of products and services, or reduce their levels of capital expenditures for exploration and production for a variety of reasons. Any future deterioration of commodity prices could lead to material impairment charges to tangible or intangible assets or otherwise result in a material adverse effect on the Company's results of operations.

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to have a global impact. During the first half of 2021, increased availability of the COVID-19 vaccines to the general population had resulted in a lower rate of new infections, hospitalizations and deaths in the current year, as compared to 2020. In late 2021, some restrictions to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 began to return in many regions, notably Europe, even before the Omicron variant surfaced. The effect of the pandemic and the actions and changes in consumer behavior continue to impact our business and have significantly reduced global economic activity and demand for oil and gas. The pandemic has also affected our supply chain due to logistical bottlenecks and increased transportation costs resulting in significant inflationary trends in the cost of raw materials. We actively review our global production plans with our supply chain and manufacturing groups have adopted contingency plans where possible to minimize the impact of these COVID-19 related disruptions.

Although crude oil prices recovered during 2021, the extent of the impact of the pandemic, including economic impacts that may persist despite the widespread deployment of vaccines, and the uncertainty in the sustainability of current oil prices on our operational and financial performance will depend on future developments. An extended period of economic disruption and uncertain conditions in the oil and gas industry could have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations, access to sources of liquidity and overall financial condition.

As a larger proportion of the population is vaccinated from increased availability of the COVID-19 vaccines, some jurisdictions in which the Company operates have eased safety protocols such as face mask and social distancing requirements. Customer mandates for fully vaccinated offshore technicians started to become a reality in the third quarter of 2021 and by the fourth quarter of 2021 more than 50% of our customers started requiring our technicians to be fully vaccinated, which we accommodated with some impact to our business. The Company will continue to implement safety measures as recommended by government health agencies until we have determined that the COVID-19 pandemic has been adequately contained. We continue to enact safety measures, including implementing social distancing protocols, mandatory masks for unvaccinated employees, requiring remote work arrangements where possible, staggering shifts, suspending travel, and extensively and frequently disinfecting our workspaces. Additionally, as COVID-19 vaccines became available in the first quarter of 2021, the Company organized administration of the vaccines on site to our employees and their families in the US. Globally, we have achieved more than 80% vaccination rate for our employees which includes the supplemental booster vaccine. Furthermore, we have also utilized government employee support packages where available, in an effort to retain employees during this uncertain period.

All our facilities currently remain operational with staggered shifts which has impacted production output. We expect the constraints and limits imposed on our operations to slow or diminish our research and development activities and qualification activities with our customers. We do not believe that remote work arrangements have adversely affected our ability to maintain financial reporting systems, internal controls over financial reporting and disclosure controls and procedures. The Company has taken steps and adjusted its workforce to be in line with the current situation as we continue to monitor ongoing market conditions. The extent to which our future results are affected by these externalities will depend on various factors and circumstances beyond our control, such as the duration and scope of the pandemic, additional actions by businesses and governments in response to the pandemic, the speed and effectiveness of containing the virus and developments in the global oil markets. We believe the COVID-19 pandemic will continue to negatively impact oilfield activity in 2022. Similarly, we expect that the uncertainty in the sustainability of current oil prices will continue to have a negative impact on oil and gas activities.

During 2020, the Company took advantage of the Payroll Tax Deferral provided by the Coronavirus, Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”). The Payroll Tax Deferral allows the Company to defer the payment of the Company’s share of FICA taxes of 6.2%. As such, the Company was able to defer its share of FICA taxes for the period beginning March 27, 2020 and ending December 31, 2020. This resulted in approximately $2.9 million in FICA cash tax payments being deferred to 2021 and 2022. The Company must still deposit its share of the Medicare hospital insurance tax of 1.45% as well as all of the employee’s share of the payroll taxes withheld. The CARES Act also provides for the five-year carryback of Net Operating Losses (“NOLs”) generated in the 2018, 2019 and 2020 taxable years. In addition, the taxable income limitation is temporarily removed, allowing NOLs to fully offset net taxable income. The Company filed returns to carryback its NOLs to generate a refund of $31.0 million and receivable of $14.8 million.

During 2020 and 2021, the Company also took advantage of job support schemes as they became available in Singapore, Australia, the U.K. and Denmark under which the governments introduced a plan to help businesses co-fund wages of workers to encourage employers to retain their workers. The Company recorded an estimated benefit of $1.1 million and $3.1 million for the year ending December 31, 2021, and 2020, respectively.

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The Company operates its business and markets its products and services in most of the significant oil and gas producing areas in the world and is, therefore, subject to the risks customarily attendant to international operations and investments in foreign countries. These risks include nationalization, expropriation, war, acts of terrorism and civil disturbance, restrictive action by local governments, limitation on repatriation of earnings, change in foreign tax laws and change in currency exchange rates, any of which could have an adverse effect on either the Company’s ability to manufacture its products in its facilities abroad or the demand in certain regions for the Company’s products or both. To date, the Company has not experienced any significant problems in foreign countries arising from local government actions or political instability, but there is no assurance that such problems will not arise in the future. Interruption of the Company’s international operations could have a material adverse effect on its overall operations.

Revenues. Dril-Quip’s revenues are generated from three sources: products, services and leasing. Product revenues are derived from the sale of drilling and production equipment. Service revenues are earned when the Company provides technical advisory assistance and rework and reconditioning services. Leasing revenues are derived from rental tools used during installation and retrieval of the Company’s products and from leasing our forging facility. In 2021, the Company derived 66.1% of its revenues from the sale of its products, 23.0% of its revenues from services and 10.9% from leasing revenues, compared to 70.9%, 20.7% and 8.4% for products, services and leasing in 2020, respectively. Service and leasing revenues generally correlate to revenues from product sales because increased product sales typically generate increased demand for technical advisory assistance services during installation and rental of running tools. However, customer stocking and destocking can affect the correlation between demand for services and product sales. The Company has substantial international operations, with approximately 63.8% of its revenues derived from foreign sales in 2021 and 66.7% in 2020. Substantially all of the Company’s domestic revenue relates to operations in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico. Domestic revenue approximated 36.2% of the Company’s total revenues in 2021 and 35.0% in 2020.

Product contracts are typically negotiated and sold separately from service contracts. In addition, service contracts are not typically included in the product contracts or related sales orders and are not offered to the customer as a condition of the sale of the Company’s products. The demand for products and services is generally based on worldwide economic conditions in the oil and gas industry and is not based on a specific relationship between the two types of contracts. Substantially all of the Company’s sales are made on a purchase order basis. Purchase orders are subject to change and/or termination at the option of the customer. In case of a change or termination, the customer is required to pay the Company for work performed and other costs necessarily incurred as a result of the change or termination.

Generally, the Company attempts to raise its prices as its costs increase. However, the actual pricing of the Company’s products and services is impacted by a number of factors, including global oil prices, competitive pricing pressure, the level of utilized capacity in the oil service sector, maintenance of market share, the introduction of new products and general market conditions.

The Company accounts for larger and more complex projects that have relatively longer manufacturing time frames on an over time basis. During 2021, there were 54 projects that were accounted for using the over time method, which represented approximately 21.7% of the Company’s total revenues and 32.7% of the Company’s product revenues. During 2020, there were 57 projects that were accounted for using the over time method, which represented approximately 33.2% of the Company’s total revenues and 46.9% of the Company’s product revenues. These percentages may fluctuate in the future. Revenues accounted for in this manner are generally recognized based upon a calculation of the percentage complete, which is used to determine the revenue earned and the appropriate portion of total estimated cost of sales. Accordingly, price and cost estimates are reviewed periodically as the work progresses, and adjustments proportionate to the percentage complete are reflected in the period when such estimates are revised. Losses, if any, are recorded in full in the period they become known. Amounts received from customers in excess of revenues recognized are classified as a current liability. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—We may be required to recognize a charge against current earnings because of over time method of accounting.”

Cost of Sales. The principal elements of cost of sales are labor, raw materials and manufacturing overhead. Cost of sales as a percentage of revenues is influenced by the product mix sold in any particular period, costs from projects accounted for under the over time method, over/under manufacturing overhead absorption and market conditions. The Company’s costs related to its foreign operations do not significantly differ from its domestic costs.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses include the costs associated with sales and marketing, general corporate overhead, business development expenses, compensation expense, stock-based compensation expense, legal expenses and other related administrative functions.

Engineering and Product Development Expenses. Engineering and product development expenses consist of new product development and testing, as well as application engineering related to customized products.

Impairment. During 2020, impairment losses consist of a full impairment of our goodwill balance of $7.7 million, which occurred in connection with our preparation and review of financial statements during the first quarter of 2020.

Restructuring and Other Charges. Restructuring and other charges consist of costs associated with our global strategic plan that was initiated in 2018 to better align our operations with market conditions. During 2021, we continued to incur restructuring charges under the 2018 global strategic plan as we exited from certain underperforming countries and markets and shifted from manufacturing in-house to a vendor outsourcing model which resulted in inventory write-downs of approximately $19.3 million, severance charges of

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$2.7 million and other charges of $4.0 million, consisting of facilities-related market exit costs and consulting fees. This concluded our 2018 global strategic plan as of the third quarter of 2021. In the fourth quarter of 2021, in an effort to realign our subsea product business with the market conditions, we initiated a 2021 global strategic plan. As part of the 2021 global strategic plan we discontinued certain product categories which resulted in inventory write-downs, long-lived asset write-downs and severance charges of approximately $47.7 million, $4.2 million, and $1.0 million, respectively, during the fourth quarter of 2021.

(Gain) Loss on Sale of Assets. Gain or loss on sale of assets consists of sales of certain property, plant and equipment.

Foreign Currency Transaction (Gains) and Losses. Foreign currency transaction (gains) and losses result from a change in exchange rates between the functional currency and the currency in which a foreign currency transaction is denominated. The Company’s foreign subsidiaries, whose functional currency is the local currency, conduct a portion of their operations in U.S. dollars. As a result, these subsidiaries hold significant monetary assets denominated in U.S. dollars. These monetary assets are subject to changes in exchange rates between the U.S. dollar and the local currency.

Income Tax Provision. The Company’s effective income tax rate fluctuates from the U.S. statutory tax rate based on, among other factors, changes in pretax income in jurisdictions with varying statutory tax rates, impact of valuation allowances, changes in tax legislation, and other permanent differences related to the recognition of income and expense between U.S. GAAP and applicable tax rules.

Results of Operations

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, certain consolidated statement of income data expressed as a percentage of revenues:

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Products

 

 

66.1

%

 

 

70.9

%

Services

 

 

23.0

 

 

 

20.7

 

Leasing

 

 

10.9

 

 

 

8.4

 

Total revenues

 

 

100.0

 

 

 

100.0

 

Cost of sales:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Products

 

 

55.3

 

 

 

55.0

 

Services

 

 

10.3

 

 

 

10.3

 

Leasing

 

 

9.5

 

 

 

8.6

 

Total cost of sales

 

 

75.1

 

 

 

73.9

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

35.6

 

 

 

26.0

 

Engineering and product development

 

 

4.7

 

 

 

5.2

 

Impairments

 

 

-

 

 

 

2.1

 

Restructuring and other charges

 

 

24.4

 

 

 

9.7

 

Gain on sale of assets

 

 

(1.4

)

 

 

(0.2

)

Foreign currency transaction losses

 

 

0.3

 

 

 

0.6

 

Total costs and expenses

 

 

138.7

 

 

 

117.3

 

Operating loss

 

 

(38.7

)

 

 

(17.3

)

Interest income

 

 

0.2

 

 

 

0.6

 

Interest expense

 

 

(0.2

)

 

 

(0.2

)

Loss before income taxes

 

 

(38.7

)

 

 

(16.9

)

Income tax provision (benefit)

 

 

0.9

 

 

 

(8.6

)

Net loss

 

 

(39.6

)%

 

 

(8.3

)%

 

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The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, a breakdown of our products and service revenues:

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(In millions)

 

Revenues: