10-K 1 a13-24724_110k.htm 10-K

Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

 

x

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013

 

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from            to            

 

Commission File No. 001-32470

 

FRANKLIN STREET PROPERTIES CORP.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Maryland

 

04-3578653

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

 

 

401 Edgewater Place, Suite 200, Wakefield, Massachusetts

 

01880

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (781) 557-1300

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class:

 

Name of each exchange on which registered:

Common Stock, $.0001 par value per share

 

NYSE MKT

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes x No o.

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes o No x.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x No o.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes x No o.

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer x

 

Accelerated filer o

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer o (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

Smaller reporting company o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes o No x.

 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates based on the closing sale price as reported on NYSE MKT, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, June 30, 2013, was approximately $1,189,629,087.

 

There were 100,187,405 shares of common stock of the registrant outstanding as of February 14, 2014.

 

Documents incorporated by reference: The registrant intends to file a definitive proxy statement pursuant to Regulation 14A, promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, to be used in connection with the registrant’s Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 15, 2014 (the “Proxy Statement”).  The information required in response to Items 10 — 14 of Part III of this Form 10-K, other than that contained in Part I under the caption, “Directors and Executive Officers of FSP Corp.,” is hereby incorporated by reference to the Proxy Statement.

 

 

 



Table of Contents

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I

 

1

Item 1.

Business

1

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

7

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

14

Item 2.

Properties

15

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

20

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

20

 

 

 

PART II

 

21

Item 5.

Market For Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

21

 

Stock Performance Graph

22

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

23

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

24

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

44

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

46

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

46

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

46

Item 9B.

Other Information

47

 

 

 

PART III

 

48

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

48

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

48

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

48

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

48

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

48

 

 

 

PART IV

 

49

Item 15.

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

49

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

50

 



Table of Contents

 

PART I

 

Item 1.                     Business

 

History

 

Our company, Franklin Street Properties Corp., which we refer to as FSP Corp., the Company, we or our, is a Maryland corporation that operates in a manner intended to qualify as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, for federal income tax purposes.  Our common stock is traded on the NYSE MKT under the symbol “FSP”.  FSP Corp. is the successor to Franklin Street Partners Limited Partnership, or the FSP Partnership, which was originally formed as a Massachusetts general partnership in January 1997 as the successor to a Massachusetts general partnership that was formed in 1981.  On January 1, 2002, the FSP Partnership converted into FSP Corp., which we refer to as the conversion.  As a result of this conversion, the FSP Partnership ceased to exist and we succeeded to the business of the FSP Partnership.  In the conversion, each unit of both general and limited partnership interests in the FSP Partnership was converted into one share of our common stock. As a result of the conversion, we hold, directly and indirectly, 100% of the interest in three former subsidiaries of the FSP Partnership:  FSP Investments LLC, FSP Property Management LLC, and FSP Holdings LLC.  We operate some of our business through these subsidiaries.

 

Our Business

 

We are a REIT focused on commercial real estate investments primarily in office markets and currently operate in only one segment: real estate operations.  The principal revenue sources for our real estate operations include rental income from real estate leasing, interest income from secured loans made on office properties and fee income from asset/property management.

 

Previously we also operated in an investment banking segment, which was discontinued in December 2011.  Our investment banking segment generated brokerage commissions, loan origination fees, development services and other fees related to the organization of single-purpose entities that own real estate and the private placement of equity in those entities.  We refer to these entities which are organized as corporations and operated in a manner intended to qualify as REITs, as Sponsored REITs.  On December 15, 2011, we announced that our broker/dealer subsidiary, FSP Investments LLC, would no longer sponsor the syndication of shares of preferred stock in newly-formed Sponsored REITs.  FSP Investments LLC is a registered broker/dealer with the Securities and Exchange Commission and is a member of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, or FINRA.

 

From time-to-time we may acquire real estate or invest in real estate by making secured loans on real estate or by acquiring our Sponsored REITs, although we have no legal or any other enforceable obligation to acquire or to offer to acquire any Sponsored REIT.  We may also pursue on a selective basis the sale of our properties to take advantage of the value creation and demand for our properties, or for geographic or property specific reasons.

 

Real Estate

 

We own and operate a portfolio of real estate consisting of 39 office properties as of December 31, 2013. We derive rental revenue from income paid to us by tenants of these properties.  See Item 2 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information about our properties.  From time-to-time we dispose of properties generating gains or losses in an ongoing effort to improve and upgrade our portfolio.  We also held preferred stock investments in two Sponsored REITs as of December 31, 2013, from which we record our share of income or loss under the equity method of accounting, and from which we receive dividends.

 

We provide asset management, property management, property accounting, investor and/or development services to our portfolio and certain of our Sponsored REITs through our subsidiaries FSP Investments LLC and FSP Property Management LLC.  FSP Corp. recognizes revenue from its receipt of fee income from Sponsored REITs that have not been consolidated or acquired by us.  Neither FSP Investments LLC nor FSP Property Management LLC receives any rental income.

 

From time-to-time we may make secured loans to Sponsored REITs in the form of mortgage loans or revolving lines of credit to fund construction costs, capital expenditures, leasing costs and for other purposes.  We anticipate that these loans will be repaid at their maturity or earlier from long-term financings of the underlying

 

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properties, cash flows from the underlying properties or some other capital event.  We refer to these loans as Sponsored REIT Loans.  We have six Sponsored REIT Loans secured by real estate outstanding as of December 31, 2013, from which we derive interest income.

 

Investment Objectives

 

Our investment objectives are to create shareholder value by increasing revenue from rental, dividend and interest income and net gains from sales of properties and increase the cash available for distribution in the form of dividends to our stockholders.  We expect that we will continue to derive real estate revenue from Sponsored REIT Loans and fees from asset management, property management and investor services.  We may also acquire additional real properties by direct purchase or by acquisition of Sponsored REITs, though we have no obligation to acquire or offer to acquire any Sponsored REIT in the future.

 

From time to time, as market conditions warrant, we may sell properties owned by us.  We sold one office property located in Richardson, Texas on October 29, 2013 at a gain and one office property located in Southfield, Michigan on December 21, 2012 at a loss.  We sold one  industrial property located in Savage, Maryland on June 24, 2011, and one office property located in Falls Church, Virginia on January 21, 2011, each at a gain.  When we sell a property, we either distribute some or all of the sale proceeds to our stockholders as a distribution or retain some or all of such proceeds for investment in real properties or other corporate activities.

 

We may acquire, and have acquired, real properties in any geographic area of the United States and of any property type.  We own 39 properties that are located in 13 different states.  See Item 2 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information about our properties.

 

We rely on the following principles in selecting real properties for acquisition by FSP Corp. and managing them after acquisition:

 

·                  we seek to buy or develop investment properties at a price which produces value for investors and avoid overpaying for real estate merely to outbid competitors;

·                  we seek to buy or develop properties in excellent locations with substantial infrastructure in place around them and avoid investing in locations where the future construction of such infrastructure is speculative;

·                  we seek to buy or develop properties that are well-constructed and designed to appeal to a broad base of users and avoid properties where quality has been sacrificed for cost savings in construction or which appeal only to a narrow group of users;

·                  we aggressively manage, maintain and upgrade our properties and refuse to neglect or undercapitalize management, maintenance and capital improvement programs; and

·                  we believe that we have the ability to hold properties through down cycles because we generally do not have significant leverage on the Company, which could place the properties at risk of foreclosure.  As of February 14, 2014, none of our 39 properties was subject to mortgage debt.

 

Competition

 

With respect to our real estate investments, we face competition in each of the markets where our properties are located.  In order to establish, maintain or increase the rental revenues for a property, it must be competitive on location, cost and amenities with other buildings of similar use.  Some of our competitors may have significantly more resources than we do and may be able to offer more attractive rental rates or services.  On the other hand, some of our competitors may be smaller or have less fixed overhead costs, less cash or other resources that make them willing or able to accept lower rents in order to maintain a certain occupancy level.  In markets where there is not currently significant existing property competition, our competitors may decide to enter the market and build new buildings to compete with our existing projects or those in a development stage.  Our competition is not only with other developers, but also with property users who choose to own their building or a portion of the building in the form of an office condominium.  Competitive conditions are affected by larger market forces beyond our control, such as general economic conditions, that may increase competition among landlords for quality tenants, and individual decisions by tenants that are beyond our control.

 

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Employees

 

We had 37 employees as of December 31, 2013 and 38 employees as of February 14, 2014.

 

Available Information

 

We are subject to the informational requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and, in accordance therewith, we file reports and other information with the SEC.  The reports and other information we file can be inspected and copied at the SEC Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549.  Such reports and other information may also be obtained from the web site that the SEC maintains at http://www.sec.gov.  Further information about the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330.

 

We make available, free of charge through our website http://www.franklinstreetproperties.com our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with the SEC.

 

Reports and other information concerning us may also be obtained electronically through a variety of databases, including, among others, the Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis, and Retrieval (EDGAR) program at http://www.sec.gov, Knight-Ridder Information Inc., Federal Filing/Dow Jones and Lexis/Nexis.

 

We will voluntarily provide paper copies of our filings and code of ethics upon written request received at the address on the cover of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, free of charge.

 

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Directors and Executive Officers of FSP Corp.

 

The following table sets forth the names, ages and positions of all our directors and executive officers as of February 14, 2014.

 

Name

 

Age

 

Position

George J. Carter (6)

 

65

 

President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

Barbara J. Fournier (5)

 

58

 

Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer,
Treasurer, Secretary and Director

Janet Prier Notopoulos (4)

 

66

 

Executive Vice President and Director

John N. Burke (1) (2) (3) (5) (7)

 

52

 

Director

Brian N. Hansen (1) (2) (3) (4) (9)

 

42

 

Director

Dennis J. McGillicuddy (1) (4)

 

72

 

Director

Georgia Murray (2) (3) (6) (8) (10)

 

63

 

Director

Barry Silverstein (1) (5)

 

80

 

Director

Jeffery B. Carter

 

42

 

Executive Vice President and Chief Investment Officer

Scott H. Carter

 

42

 

Executive Vice President, General Counsel
and Assistant Secretary

John G. Demeritt

 

53

 

Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

 


(1) Member of the Audit Committee

(2) Member of the Compensation Committee

(3) Member of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee

(4) Class I Director

(5) Class II Director

(6) Class III Director

(7) Chair of the Audit Committee

(8) Chair of the Compensation Committee

(9) Chair of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee

(10) Lead Independent Director

 

George J. Carter, age 65, is President, Chief Executive Officer and has been a Director of FSP Corp. since 2002.  Mr. Carter is responsible for all aspects of the business of FSP Corp. and its affiliates, with special emphasis on the evaluation, acquisition and structuring of real estate investments.  Prior to the conversion, he was President of the general partner of the FSP Partnership (the “General Partner”) and was responsible for all aspects of the business of the FSP Partnership and its affiliates.  From 1992 through 1996 he was President of Boston Financial Securities, Inc. (“Boston Financial”).  Prior to joining Boston Financial, Mr. Carter was owner and developer of Gloucester Dry Dock, a commercial shipyard in Gloucester, Massachusetts.  From 1979 to 1988, Mr. Carter served as Managing Director in charge of marketing at First Winthrop Corporation, a national real estate and investment banking firm headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.  Prior to that, he held a number of positions in the brokerage industry including those with Merrill Lynch & Co. and Loeb Rhodes & Co.  Mr. Carter is a graduate of the University of Miami (B.S.).  Mr. Carter is a FINRA General Securities Principal (Series 24) and holds a FINRA Series 7 general securities license and a FINRA Series 79, Investment Banker Registration license.

 

Barbara J. Fournier, age 58, is Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer, Treasurer, Secretary and has been a Director of FSP Corp. since 2002.  Ms. Fournier has as her primary responsibility, together with Mr. Carter, the management of all operating business affairs of FSP Corp. and its affiliates.  Ms. Fournier was the Principal Financial Officer until March 2005.  Prior to the conversion, Ms. Fournier was the Vice President, Chief Operating Officer, Treasurer and Secretary of the General Partner.  From 1993 through 1996, she was Director of Operations for the private placement division of Boston Financial.  Prior to joining Boston Financial, Ms. Fournier served as Director of Operations for Schuparra Securities Corp. and as the Sales Administrator for Weston Financial Group.  From 1979 through 1986, Ms. Fournier worked at First Winthrop Corporation in administrative and management capacities; including Office Manager, Securities Operations and Partnership Administration.  Ms. 

 

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Fournier attended Northeastern University and the New York Institute of Finance.  Ms. Fournier is a member of the NYSE MKT Listed Company Council.  Ms. Fournier participates in corporate governance-related continuing education sessions offered by the NYSE affiliate, Corporate Board Member.  Ms. Fournier is a FINRA General Securities Principal (Series 24).  She also holds other FINRA supervisory licenses including Series 4 and Series 53, and a FINRA Series 7 general securities license, a FINRA Series 99, Operations Professional license and a FINRA Series 79, Investment Banker Registration license.

 

Janet Prier Notopoulos, age 66, is an Executive Vice President of FSP Corp. and has been a Director of FSP Corp. and President of FSP Property Management since 2002.  Ms. Notopoulos has as her primary responsibility the oversight of the management of the real estate assets of FSP Corp. and its affiliates.  Prior to the conversion, Ms. Notopoulos was a Vice President of the General Partner.  Prior to joining the FSP Partnership in 1997, Ms. Notopoulos was a real estate and marketing consultant for various clients.  From 1975 to 1983, she was Vice President of North Coast Properties, Inc., a Boston real estate investment company.  Between 1969 and 1973, she was a real estate paralegal at Goodwin, Procter & Hoar.  Ms. Notopoulos is a graduate of Wellesley College (B.A.) and the Harvard School of Business Administration (M.B.A).

 

John N.Burke, age 52, has been a Director of FSP Corp. and Chair of the Audit Committee since June 2004.  Mr. Burke is a certified public accountant with approximately 30 years of experience in the practice of public accounting working with both private and publicly traded companies with extensive experience serving clients in the real estate industry.  Such experience includes analysis and evaluation of financial reporting, accounting systems, internal controls and audit matters.  Mr. Burke has been involved as an advisor on several public offerings, private equity and debt financings and merger and acquisition transactions.  Mr. Burke’s consulting experience includes a wide range of business planning services.  Prior to starting his own firm in 2003, Mr. Burke was a Partner in the Boston office of BDO USA, LLP.  Mr. Burke is a member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and the Massachusetts Society of CPAs.  Mr. Burke earned an M.S. in Taxation and studied undergraduate accounting and finance at Bentley University.

 

Brian N. Hansen, age 42, became a Director in November 2012 and Chair of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee in October 2013. Mr. Hansen is President and Chief Operating Officer of Confluence Investment Management LLC, a St. Louis based Registered Investment Advisor. Prior to founding Confluence in 2007, Mr. Hansen served as a Managing Director in A.G. Edwards’ Financial Institutions & Real Estate Investment Banking practice. While at A.G. Edwards, Mr. Hansen advised a wide variety of Real Estate Investment Trusts on numerous capital markets transactions, including public and private offerings of debt and equity securities as well as the analysis of various merger & acquisition opportunities. Prior to joining A.G. Edwards, Mr. Hansen served as a Manager in Arthur Andersen LLP’s Audit & Business Advisory practice. Mr. Hansen serves on the board of a number of non-profit entities and the Investment Committee of the Archdiocese of St. Louis. Mr. Hansen earned his MBA from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University and his Bachelor of Science in Commerce from DePaul University. Mr. Hansen is a Certified Public Accountant.

 

Dennis J. McGillicuddy, age 72, has been a Director of FSP Corp. since May 2002.  Mr. McGillicuddy graduated from the University of Florida with a B.A. degree and from the University of Florida Law School with a J.D. degree.  In 1968, Mr. McGillicuddy joined Barry Silverstein in founding Coaxial Communications, a cable television company.  In 1998 and 1999, Coaxial sold its cable systems.  Mr. McGillicuddy has served on the boards of various charitable organizations. He is currently president of the Board of Trustees of Florida Studio Theater, a professional non-profit theater organization, and he serves as a Co-Chair, together with his wife, of Embracing Our Differences, an annual month-long art exhibit that promotes the values of diversity and inclusion.  Mr. McGillicuddy also is a member of the Advisory Board to the Center For Mindfulness In Medicine, Health Care & Society, University of Massachusetts Medical School.

 

Georgia Murray, age 63, has been a Director of FSP Corp. since April 2005, Chair of the Compensation Committee since October 2006 and Lead Independent Director since February 2014.  Ms. Murray is retired from Lend Lease Real Estate Investments, Inc., where she served as a Principal from November 1999 until May 2000.  From 1973 through October 1999, Ms. Murray worked at The Boston Financial Group, Inc., serving as Senior Vice President and a Director at times during her tenure.  Boston Financial was an affiliate of the Boston Financial Group, Inc.  She is a past Trustee of the Urban Land Institute and a past President of the Multifamily Housing Institute.  Ms. 

 

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Murray previously served on the Board of Directors of Capital Crossing Bank.  She also serves on the boards of numerous non-profit entities.  Ms. Murray is a graduate of Newton College.

 

Barry Silverstein, age 80, has been a Director of FSP Corp. since May 2002.  Mr. Silverstein took his law degree from Yale University in 1957 and subsequently held positions as attorney/officer/director of various privately-held manufacturing companies in Chicago, Illinois.  In 1964, he moved to Florida to manage his own portfolio and to teach at the University of Florida Law School.  In 1968, Mr. Silverstein became the principal founder and shareholder in Coaxial Communications, a cable television company.  In 1998 and 1999, Coaxial sold its cable systems.  Since January 2001, Mr. Silverstein has been a private investor.

 

Jeffrey B. Carter, age 42, is Executive Vice President and Chief Investment Officer of FSP Corp.  Mr. Carter was appointed to that position in February 2012.  Previously, Mr. Carter served as Senior Vice President and Director of Acquisitions of FSP Corp. from 2005 to 2012 and as Vice President - Acquisitions from 2003 to 2005.  Mr. Carter is primarily responsible for developing and implementing the Company’s investment strategy, including coordination of acquisitions and dispositions.  Prior to joining FSP Corp., Mr. Carter worked in Trust Administration for Northern Trust Bank in Miami, Florida.  Mr. Carter is a graduate of Arizona State University (B.A.) and The George Washington University (M.A.).  Mr. Carter holds a FINRA Series 7 general securities license and a FINRA Series 79, Investment Banker Registration license.  Mr. Carter’s father, George J. Carter, serves as President, Chief Executive Officer and a Director of FSP Corp. and Mr. Carter’s brother, Scott H. Carter, serves as Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Assistant Secretary of FSP Corp.

 

Scott H. Carter, age 42, is Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Assistant Secretary of FSP Corp.  Mr. Carter has been General Counsel since February 2008.  Mr. Carter joined FSP Corp. in October 2005 as Senior Vice President, In-house Counsel and was appointed to the position of Assistant Secretary in May 2006.  Mr. Carter has as his primary responsibility the management of all of the legal affairs of FSP Corp. and its affiliates.  Prior to joining FSP Corp. in October 2005, Mr. Carter was associated with the law firm of Nixon Peabody LLP, which he originally joined in 1999.  At Nixon Peabody LLP, Mr. Carter concentrated his practice on the areas of real estate syndication, acquisitions and finance.  Mr. Carter received a Bachelor of Business Administration (B.B.A.) degree in Finance and Marketing and a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree from the University of Miami.  Mr. Carter is admitted to practice law in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.  Mr. Carter’s father, George J. Carter, serves as President, Chief Executive Officer and a Director of FSP Corp. and Mr. Carter’s brother, Jeffery B. Carter, serves as Executive Vice President and Chief Investment Officer of FSP Corp.

 

John G. Demeritt, age 53, is Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of FSP Corp. and has been Chief Financial Officer since March 2005.  Mr. Demeritt previously served as Senior Vice President, Finance and Principal Accounting Officer since September 2004.  Prior to September 2004, Mr. Demeritt was a Manager with Caturano & Company, an independent accounting firm (which later merged with McGladrey) where he focused on Sarbanes Oxley compliance.  Previously, from March 2002 to March 2004 he provided consulting services to public and private companies where he focused on SEC filings, evaluation of business processes and acquisition integration.  During 2001 and 2002 he was Vice President of Financial Planning & Analysis at Cabot Industrial Trust, a publicly traded real estate investment trust, which was acquired by CalWest in December 2001.  From October 1995 to December 2000 he was Controller and Officer of The Meditrust Companies, a publicly traded real estate investment trust (formerly known as the The La Quinta Companies, which was then acquired by the Blackstone Group), where he was involved with a number of merger and financing transactions.  Prior to that, from 1986 to 1995 he had financial and accounting responsibilities at three other public companies, and was previously associated with Laventhol & Horwath, an independent accounting firm from 1983 to 1986.  Mr. Demeritt is a Certified Public Accountant and holds a Bachelor of Science degree from Babson College.

 

Each of the above executive officers has been a full-time employee of FSP Corp. for the past five fiscal years.

 

George J. Carter, Barbara J. Fournier and Janet Notopoulos is each also a director of each of the following public reporting companies, each of which is a Sponsored REIT: FSP Galleria North Corp.; FSP 50 South Tenth Street Corp.; and FSP 303 East Wacker Drive Corp. Each of these directors holds office in these companies from the time of his or her election until the next annual meeting and until a successor is elected and qualified, or until such director’s earlier death, resignation or removal.

 

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Item 1A                           Risk Factors

 

The following important factors, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by forward-looking statements made in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and presented elsewhere by management from time-to-time.

 

Economic conditions in the United States could have a material adverse impact on our earnings and financial condition.

 

Because economic conditions in the United States may affect real estate values, occupancy levels and property income, current and future economic conditions in the United States could have a material adverse impact on our earnings and financial condition.  The economy in the United States is continuing to experience a period of limited economic growth, including high levels of unemployment and increased credit risk premiums for a number of market participants.  These conditions may continue or worsen in the future.  Economic conditions may be affected by numerous factors, including but not limited to, inflation and employment levels, energy prices, slow growth and/or recessionary concerns, changes in currency exchange rates, fiscal policy uncertainty, geopolitical events, changes in government regulations, regulatory uncertainty, the availability of debt and interest rate fluctuations.  At this time we cannot predict the extent or duration of any negative impact that the current state of the U.S. economy will have on our earnings and financial condition.

 

If a Sponsored REIT defaults on a Sponsored REIT Loan, we may be required to keep a balance outstanding on our unsecured credit facilities or use our cash balance to repay our unsecured credit facilities, which may reduce cash available for distribution to our stockholders or for other corporate purposes.

 

From time-to-time, we may draw on our 2012 Credit Facility (as defined in Note 5) or 2013 Term Loan (as defined in Note 5) to make secured loans to Sponsored REITs in the form of mortgage loans or revolving lines of credit to fund construction costs, capital expenditures, leasing costs and for other purposes.  We refer to these loans as Sponsored REIT Loans.  We anticipate that each Sponsored REIT Loan will be repaid at maturity or earlier from long term financing of the property securing the loan, cash flows from that underlying property or some other capital event.  If a Sponsored REIT defaults on a Sponsored REIT Loan, the Sponsored REIT could be unable to fully repay the Sponsored REIT Loan and we would have to satisfy our obligation under the 2012 Credit Facility and/or the 2013 Term Loan through other means.  If we are required to use cash for this purpose, we would have less cash available for distribution to our stockholders or for other corporate purposes.

 

Our operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected if we are unable to refinance the 2012 Credit Facility or 2013 Term Loan.

 

There can be no assurance that we will be able to refinance the revolving line of credit portion of our 2012 Credit Facility upon its maturity on September 27, 2016 (subject to extension until September 27, 2017), the term loan portion of our 2012 Credit Facility upon its maturity on September 27, 2017 or the 2013 Term Loan upon its maturity on August 26, 2020, that any such refinancings would be on terms as favorable as the terms of the 2012 Credit Facility or 2013 Term Loan, or that we will be able to otherwise obtain funds by selling assets or raising equity to make required payments on the 2012 Credit Facility or the 2013 Term Loan.  If we are unable to refinance the 2012 Credit Facility or 2013 Term Loan at maturity or meet our payment obligations, the amount of our distributable cash flow and our financial condition would be adversely affected.

 

Failure to comply with covenants in our 2012 Credit Facility and 2013 Term Loan credit agreements could adversely affect our financial condition.

 

Our 2012 Credit Facility and 2013 Term Loan credit agreements contain customary restrictions, requirements and other limitations on our ability to incur indebtedness, including maximum leverage ratios, maximum secured leverage ratios, minimum fixed charge coverage ratios, maximum unencumbered leverage ratios and minimum unsecured debt service coverage ratios, which we must maintain.  Our continued ability to borrow under the 2012 Credit Facility and 2013 Term Loan is subject to compliance with our financial and other covenants.  Failure to comply with such covenants could cause a default under the 2012 Credit Facility or 2013 Term Loan, and

 

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we may then be required to repay either or both of them with capital from other sources.  Under those circumstances, other sources of capital may not be available to us, or be available only on unattractive terms.

 

We may use the 2012 Credit Facility or 2013 Term Loan to purchase properties directly for our real estate portfolio, to make Sponsored REIT Loans or for other corporate purposes.  If we breach covenants in our 2012 Credit Facility or 2013 Term Loan credit agreements, the lenders can declare a default.  A default under our 2012 Credit Facility or 2013 Term Loan credit agreements could result in difficulty financing growth in our business and could also result in a reduction in the cash available for distribution to our stockholders or for other corporate purposes.  A default under our 2012 Credit Facility or 2013 Term Loan credit agreements could materially and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

 

An increase in interest rates would increase our interest costs on variable rate debt and could adversely impact our ability to refinance existing debt or sell assets.

 

As of December 31, 2013, we had approximately $306.5 million of indebtedness under the revolving line of credit portion of our 2012 Credit Facility that bears interest at variable rates, and we may incur more of such indebtedness in the future.  Borrowings under the revolving line of credit portion of our 2012 Credit Facility may not exceed $500 million outstanding at any time, although such amount may be increased by up to an additional $250 million through the exercise of an accordion feature.  The term loan portion of our 2012 Credit Facility is for $400 million.  On September 27, 2012, we fixed the base LIBOR rate on the term loan portion of our 2012 Credit Facility at 0.75% for five years by entering into an interest rate swap agreement.  The 2013 Term Loan is for $220 million, although such amount may be increased by up to an additional $50 million through the exercise of an accordion feature.  On August 26, 2013, we fixed the base LIBOR rate on the 2013 Term Loan at 2.32% for seven years by entering into an interest rate swap agreement.  In the future, if interest rates increase, then so will the interest costs on our unhedged variable rate debt, which could adversely affect our cash flow, our ability to pay principal and interest on our debt and our ability to make distributions to stockholders.  In addition, rising interest rates could limit our ability to both incur new debt and to refinance existing debt when it matures.  From time to time, we may enter into interest rate swap agreements and other interest rate hedging contracts, including swaps, caps and floors.  While these agreements are intended to lessen the impact of rising interest rates on us, they also expose us to the risks that the other parties to the agreements will not perform, we could incur significant costs associated with the settlement of the agreements, the agreements will be unenforceable and the underlying transactions will fail to qualify as highly-effective cash flow hedges.  In addition, an increase in interest rates could decrease the amount third parties are willing to pay for our assets, thereby limiting our ability to change our portfolio promptly in response to changes in economic or other conditions

 

If we are not able to collect sufficient rents from each of our owned real properties, investments in Sponsored REITs or interest on Sponsored REIT Loans we fund, we may suffer significant operating losses or a reduction in cash available for future dividends.

 

A substantial portion of our revenue is generated by the rental income of our real properties and investments in Sponsored REITs.  If our properties do not provide us with a steady rental income or we do not collect interest income from Sponsored REIT Loans we fund, our revenues will decrease, which may cause us to incur operating losses in the future and reduce the cash available for distribution to our stockholders.

 

We may not be able to find properties that meet our criteria for purchase.

 

Growth in our portfolio of real estate is dependent on the ability of our acquisition executives to find properties for sale and/or development which meet the applicable investment criteria.  To the extent they fail to find such properties, we would be unable to increase the size of our portfolio of real estate, which could reduce the cash otherwise available for distribution to our stockholders.

 

We are dependent on key personnel.

 

We depend on the efforts of George J. Carter, our President and Chief Executive Officer and a Director; Barbara J. Fournier, our Chief Operating Officer, Treasurer, Secretary, an Executive Vice President and a Director; John G. Demeritt, our Chief Financial Officer and an Executive Vice President; Jeffery B. Carter, our Chief

 

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Investment Officer and an Executive Vice President; Janet Prier Notopoulos, an Executive Vice President and a Director; and Scott H. Carter, our General Counsel, Assistant Secretary and an Executive Vice President.  If any of our executive officers were to resign, our operations could be adversely affected.  We do not have employment agreements with any of our executive officers.

 

Our level of dividends may fluctuate.

 

Because our real estate occupancy levels and rental rates can fluctuate, there is no predictable recurring level of revenue from such activities.  As a result of this, the amount of cash available for distribution may fluctuate, which may result in our not being able to maintain or grow dividend levels in the future.

 

We face risks from tenant defaults or bankruptcies.

 

If any of our tenants defaults on its lease, we may experience delays in enforcing our rights as a landlord and may incur substantial costs in protecting our investment.  In addition, at any time, a tenant of one of our properties may seek the protection of bankruptcy laws, which could result in the rejection and termination of such tenant’s lease and thereby cause a reduction in cash available for distribution to our stockholders.

 

The real properties held by us may significantly decrease in value.

 

As of February 14, 2014, we owned 39 properties.  Some or all of these properties may decline in value.  To the extent our real properties decline in value, our stockholders could lose some or all of the value of their investments.  The value of our common stock may be adversely affected if the real properties held by us decline in value since these real properties represent the majority of the tangible assets held by us.  Moreover, if we are forced to sell or lease the real property held by us below its initial purchase price or its carrying costs, respectively, or if we are forced to lease real property at below market rates because of the condition of the property, our results of operations would be adversely affected and such negative results of operations may result in lower dividends being paid to holders of our common stock.

 

New acquisitions may fail to perform as expected.

 

We may acquire new properties by direct FSP Corp. purchase, by acquisition of Sponsored REITs or by acquisition of other entities.  We may purchase these properties with cash, by drawing on the revolving line of credit portion of our 2012 Credit Facility, by assuming existing indebtedness, by entering into new indebtedness, by issuing shares of our stock or by other means.  During the year ended December 31, 2013, we acquired one property in Georgia and two properties in Colorado.  During the year ended December 31, 2012, we acquired one property located in Georgia and one property located in Texas.  During the year ended December 31, 2011, we acquired one property in North Carolina, one property in Illinois and three properties in Texas.  Newly acquired properties may fail to perform as expected, in which case, our results of operations could be adversely affected.

 

We face risks in owning, developing and operating real property.

 

An investment in us is subject to the risks incident to the ownership, development and operation of real estate-related assets.  These risks include the fact that real estate investments are generally illiquid, which may affect our ability to vary our portfolio in response to changes in economic and other conditions, as well as the risks normally associated with:

 

·                  changes in general and local economic conditions;

·                  the supply or demand for particular types of properties in particular markets;

·                  changes in market rental rates;

·                  the impact of environmental protection laws;

·                  changes in tax, real estate and zoning laws; and

·                  the impact of obligations and restrictions contained in title-related documents.

 

Certain significant costs, such as real estate taxes, utilities, insurance and maintenance costs, generally are not reduced even when a property’s rental income is reduced.  In addition, environmental and tax laws, interest rate

 

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levels, the availability of financing and other factors may affect real estate values and property income.  Furthermore, the supply of commercial space fluctuates with market conditions.

 

We may encounter significant delays in reletting vacant space, resulting in losses of income.

 

When leases expire, we may incur expenses and may not be able to re-lease the space on the same terms.  While we cannot predict when existing vacancy will be leased or if existing tenants with expiring leases will renew their leases or what the terms and conditions of the lease renewals will be, we expect to renew or sign new leases at current market rates for locations in which the buildings are located, which in some cases may be below the expiring rates.  Certain leases provide tenants the right to terminate early if they pay a fee.  If we are unable to re-lease space promptly, if the terms are significantly less favorable than anticipated or if the costs are higher, we may have to reduce distributions to our stockholders.  This risk is currently heightened because the economy in the United States is continuing to experience a period of limited economic growth, including high levels of unemployment, the failure and near failure of a number of financial institutions and increased credit risk premiums for a number of market participants.  These conditions may continue or worsen in the future.  Typical lease terms range from five to ten years, so up to approximately 20% of our rental revenue from commercial properties could be expected to expire each year.

 

We face risks of tenant-type concentration.

 

As of December 31, 2013, our top twenty tenants leased, based on leased square feet, held approximately 38.4% of the total rentable square feet in our owned portfolio of properties.  Approximately 26.0% and 20.02% of our top twenty tenants as a percentage of the top twenty tenants rentable square feet (or 10.1% and 7.7% of the total rentable square feet in our portfolio) operated in the energy services industry and the bank and credit services industry, respectively.  An economic downturn in these or any industry in which a high concentration of our tenants operate or in which a significant number of our tenants currently or may in the future operate, could negatively impact the financial condition of such tenants and cause them to fail to make timely rental payments or default on lease obligations, fail to renew their leases or renew their leases on terms less favorable to us, become bankrupt or insolvent, or otherwise become unable to satisfy their obligations to us, which could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

 

We face risks from geographic concentration.

 

The properties in our portfolio as of December 31, 2013, by aggregate square footage, are distributed geographically as follows: South — 42.8%, West — 25.0%, Midwest — 17.3% and East — 14.9%.  However, within certain of those regions, we hold a larger concentration of our properties in Greater Denver, Colorado — 20.7%, Atlanta, Georgia — 14.4%, Dallas, Texas — 13.9% and Houston, Texas — 12.3%.  We are likely to face risks to the extent that any of these areas in which we hold a larger concentration of our properties suffer deteriorating economic conditions.

 

We compete with national, regional and local real estate operators and developers, which could adversely affect our cash flow.

 

Competition exists in every market in which our properties are currently located and in every market in which properties we may acquire in the future will be located.  We compete with, among others, national, regional and numerous local real estate operators and developers.  Such competition may adversely affect the percentage of leased space and the rental revenues of our properties, which could adversely affect our cash flow from operations and our ability to make expected distributions to our stockholders.  Some of our competitors may have more resources than we do or other competitive advantages.  Competition may be accelerated by any increase in availability of funds for investment in real estate.  For example, decreases in interest rates tend to increase the availability of funds and therefore can increase competition.  To the extent that our properties continue to operate profitably, this will likely stimulate new development of competing properties.  The extent to which we are affected by competition will depend in significant part on both local market conditions and national and global economic conditions.

 

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We are subject to possible liability relating to environmental matters, and we cannot assure you that we have identified all possible liabilities.

 

Under various federal, state and local laws, ordinances and regulations, an owner or operator of real property may become liable for the costs of removal or remediation of certain hazardous substances released on or in its property.  Such laws may impose liability without regard to whether the owner or operator knew of, or caused, the release of such hazardous substances.  The presence of hazardous substances on a property may adversely affect the owner’s ability to sell such property or to borrow using such property as collateral, and it may cause the owner of the property to incur substantial remediation costs.  In addition to claims for cleanup costs, the presence of hazardous substances on a property could result in the owner incurring substantial liabilities as a result of a claim by a private party for personal injury or a claim by an adjacent property owner for property damage.

 

In addition, we cannot assure you that:

 

·                  future laws, ordinances or regulations will not impose any material environmental liability;

·                  proposed legislation to address climate change will not increase utility and other costs of operating our properties which, if not offset by rising rental income and/or paid by tenants, would materially and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations;

·                  the current environmental conditions of our properties will not be affected by the condition of properties in the vicinity of such properties (such as the presence of leaking underground storage tanks) or by third parties unrelated to us;

·                  tenants will not violate their leases by introducing hazardous or toxic substances into our properties that could expose us to liability under federal or state environmental laws; or

·                  environmental conditions, such as the growth of bacteria and toxic mold in heating and ventilation systems or on walls, will not occur at our properties and pose a threat to human health.

 

We are subject to compliance with the Americans With Disabilities Act and fire and safety regulations, any of which could require us to make significant capital expenditures.

 

All of our properties are required to comply with the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA), and the regulations, rules and orders that may be issued thereunder.  The ADA has separate compliance requirements for “public accommodations” and “commercial facilities,” but generally requires that buildings be made accessible to persons with disabilities.  Compliance with ADA requirements might require, among other things, removal of access barriers and noncompliance could result in the imposition of fines by the U.S. government or an award of damages to private litigants.

 

In addition, we are required to operate our properties in compliance with fire and safety regulations, building codes and other land use regulations, as they may be adopted by governmental agencies and bodies and become applicable to our properties.  Compliance with such requirements may require us to make substantial capital expenditures, which expenditures would reduce cash otherwise available for distribution to our stockholders.

 

We face risks associated with our tenants being designated “Prohibited Persons” by the Office of Foreign Assets Control.

 

Pursuant to Executive Order 13224 and other laws, the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the United States Department of the Treasury, or OFAC, maintains a list of persons designated as terrorists or who are otherwise blocked or banned, which we refer to as Prohibited Persons.  OFAC regulations and other laws prohibit conducting business or engaging in transactions with Prohibited Persons (the “OFAC Requirements”).  Our current leases and certain other agreements require the other party to comply with the OFAC Requirements.  If a tenant or other party with whom we contract is placed on the OFAC list we may be required by the OFAC Requirements to terminate the lease or other agreement.  Any such termination could result in a loss of revenue or a damage claim by the other party that the termination was wrongful.

 

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Security breaches and other disruptions could compromise our information and expose us to liability, which could cause our business and reputation to suffer.

 

In the ordinary course of our business, we collect and store sensitive data concerning investors in the Sponsored REITS, tenants and vendors.  Despite our security measures, our information technology and infrastructure may be vulnerable to attacks by hackers or breached due to employee error, malfeasance or other disruptions.  Any such breach could compromise our networks and the information stored there could be accessed, publicly disclosed, lost or stolen.  Any such access, disclosure or other loss of information could result in legal claims or proceedings and liability under laws that protect the privacy of personal information, and could damage our reputation.

 

Actual or threatened terrorist attacks may adversely affect our ability to generate revenues and the value of our properties.

 

We have significant investments in markets that may be the targets of actual or threatened terrorism attacks in the future.  As a result, some tenants in these markets may choose to relocate their businesses to other markets or to lower-profile office buildings within these markets that may be perceived to be less likely targets of future terrorist activity.  This could result in an overall decrease in the demand for office space in these markets generally or in our properties in particular, which could increase vacancies in our properties or necessitate that we lease our properties on less favorable terms or both.  In addition, future terrorist attacks in these markets could directly or indirectly damage our properties, both physically and financially, or cause losses that materially exceed our insurance coverage.  As a result of the foregoing, our ability to generate revenues and the value of our properties could decline materially.  See also “We may lose capital investment or anticipated profits if an uninsured event occurs.

 

We may lose capital investment or anticipated profits if an uninsured event occurs.

 

We carry, or our tenants carry, comprehensive liability, fire and extended coverage with respect to each of our properties, with policy specification and insured limits customarily carried for similar properties.  There are, however, certain types of losses that may be either uninsurable or not economically insurable.  Should an uninsured material loss occur, we could lose both capital invested in the property and anticipated profits.

 

Contingent or unknown liabilities acquired in mergers or similar transactions could require us to make substantial payments.

 

The properties which we acquired in mergers were acquired subject to liabilities and without any recourse with respect to liabilities, whether known or unknown.  As a result, if liabilities were asserted against us based upon any of these properties, we might have to pay substantial sums to settle them, which could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition and our cash flow and ability to make distributions to our stockholders.  Unknown liabilities with respect to properties acquired might include:

 

·                  liabilities for clean-up or remediation of environmental conditions;

·                  claims of tenants, vendors or other persons dealing with the former owners of the properties; and

·                  liabilities incurred in the ordinary course of business.

 

Our employee retention plan may prevent changes in control.

 

During February 2006, our Board of Directors approved a change in control plan, which included a form of retention agreement and discretionary payment plan.  Payments under the discretionary plan are capped at 1% of the market capitalization of FSP Corp. as reduced by the amount paid under the retention plan.  The costs associated with these two components of the plan may have the effect of discouraging a third party from making an acquisition proposal for us and may thereby inhibit a change in control under circumstances that could otherwise give the holders of our common stock the opportunity to realize a greater premium over the then-prevailing market prices.

 

Further issuances of equity securities may be dilutive to current stockholders.

 

The interests of our existing stockholders could be diluted if additional equity securities are issued to finance future acquisitions, repay indebtedness or to fund other general corporate purposes.  Our ability to execute

 

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our business strategy depends on our access to an appropriate blend of debt financing, including unsecured lines of credit and other forms of secured and unsecured debt, and equity financing.

 

The price of our common stock may vary.

 

The market prices for our common stock may fluctuate with changes in market and economic conditions, including the market perception of REITs in general, and changes in the financial condition of our securities.  Such fluctuations may depress the market price of our common stock independent of the financial performance of FSP Corp.  The market conditions for REIT stocks generally could affect the market price of our common stock.

 

We would incur adverse tax consequences if we failed to qualify as a REIT.

 

The provisions of the tax code governing the taxation of real estate investment trusts are very technical and complex, and although we expect that we will be organized and will operate in a manner that will enable us to meet such requirements, no assurance can be given that we will always succeed in doing so.  In addition, as a result of our past acquisition of certain Sponsored REITs by merger, which we refer to as target REITs, we might no longer qualify as a real estate investment trust.  We could lose our ability to so qualify for a variety of reasons relating to the nature of the assets acquired from the target REITs, the identity of the stockholders of the target REITs who become our stockholders or the failure of one or more of the target REITs to have previously qualified as a real estate investment trust.  Moreover, you should note that if one or more of the target REITs that we acquired in May 2008, April 2006, April 2005 or June 2003 did not qualify as a REIT immediately prior to the consummation of its acquisition, we could be disqualified as a REIT as a result of such acquisition.

 

If in any taxable year we do not qualify as a real estate investment trust, we would be taxed as a corporation and distributions to our stockholders would not be deductible by us in computing our taxable income. In addition, if we were to fail to qualify as a real estate investment trust, we could be disqualified from treatment as a real estate investment trust in the year in which such failure occurred and for the next four taxable years and, consequently, we would be taxed as a regular corporation during such years.  Failure to qualify for even one taxable year could result in a significant reduction of our cash available for distribution to our stockholders or could require us to incur indebtedness or liquidate investments in order to generate sufficient funds to pay the resulting federal income tax liabilities.

 

Provisions in our organizational documents may prevent changes in control.

 

Our Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws contain provisions, described below, which may have the effect of discouraging a third party from making an acquisition proposal for us and may thereby inhibit a change of control under circumstances that could otherwise give the holders of our common stock the opportunity to realize a premium over the then-prevailing market prices.

 

Ownership Limits.  In order for us to maintain our qualification as a real estate investment trust, the holders of our common stock may be limited to owning, either directly or under applicable attribution rules of the Internal Revenue Code, no more than 9.8% of the lesser of the value or the number of our equity shares, and no holder of common stock may acquire or transfer shares that would result in our shares of common stock being beneficially owned by fewer than 100 persons. Such ownership limit may have the effect of preventing an acquisition of control of us without the approval of our board of directors.  Our Articles of Incorporation give our board of directors the right to refuse to give effect to the acquisition or transfer of shares by a stockholder in violation of these provisions.

 

Staggered Board.  Our board of directors is divided into three classes.  The terms of these classes will expire in 2014, 2015 and 2016, respectively.  Directors of each class are elected for a three-year term upon the expiration of the initial term of each class.  The staggered terms for directors may affect our stockholders’ ability to effect a change in control even if a change in control were in the stockholders’ best interests.

 

Preferred Stock. Our Articles of Incorporation authorize our board of directors to issue up to 20,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $.0001 per share, and to establish the preferences and rights of any such shares issued. The issuance of preferred stock could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control even if a change in control were in our stockholders’ best interest.

 

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Increase of Authorized Stock.  Our board of directors, without any vote or consent of the stockholders, may increase the number of authorized shares of any class or series of stock or the aggregate number of authorized shares we have authority to issue. The ability to increase the number of authorized shares and issue such shares could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control even if a change in control were in our stockholders’ best interest.

 

Amendment of Bylaws.  Our board of directors has the sole power to amend our Bylaws.  This power could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control even if a change in control were in our stockholders’ best interests.

 

Stockholder Meetings. Our Bylaws require advance notice for stockholder proposals to be considered at annual meetings of stockholders and for stockholder nominations for election of directors at special meetings of stockholders.  The advance notice provisions require a proponent to provide us with detailed information about the proponent and/or nominee.  Our Bylaws also provide that stockholders entitled to cast more than 50% of all the votes entitled to be cast at a meeting must join in a request by stockholders to call a special meeting of stockholders and that a specific process for the meeting request must be followed.  These provisions could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control even if a change in control were in the best interests of our stockholders.

 

Supermajority Votes Required.  Our Articles of Incorporation require the affirmative vote of the holders of no less than 80% of the shares of capital stock outstanding and entitled to vote in order (i) to amend the provisions of our Articles of Incorporation relating to the classification of directors, removal of directors, limitation of liability of officers and directors or indemnification of officers and directors or (ii) to amend our Articles of Incorporation to impose cumulative voting in the election of directors.  These provisions could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control even if a change in control were in our stockholders’ best interest.

 

Item 1B.            Unresolved Staff Comments.

 

None.

 

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Item 2.                     Properties

 

Set forth below is information regarding our properties as of December 31, 2013:

 

 

 

 

 

Approx.

 

Percent

 

Approx.

 

 

 

 

 

Date of

 

Square

 

Leased as

 

Number

 

 

 

Property Location

 

Purchase (1)

 

Feet

 

of 12/31/13

 

of Tenants

 

Major Tenants (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Office

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1515 Mockingbird Lane

 

8/1/97

 

109,674

 

82

%

61

 

Primary PhysicianCare

 

Charlotte, NC 28209

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

678-686 Hillview Drive

 

3/9/99

 

36,288

 

100

%

1

 

Headway Technologies, Inc.

 

Milpitas, CA 95035

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

600 Forest Point Circle

 

7/8/99

 

62,212

 

100

%

1

 

American National Red Cross

 

Charlotte, NC 28273

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4820 & 4920 Centennial Blvd.

 

9/28/00

 

110,405

 

85

%

3

 

Comcast of ColoradoX, LLC

 

Colorado Springs, CO 80919

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Walter Kidde Portable Equipment, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

METSO Minerals Industries, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14151 Park Meadow Drive

 

3/15/01

 

138,537

 

93

%

5

 

American Systems Corporation

 

Chantilly, VA 20151

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Omniplex World Services

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Booz Allen Hamilton, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1370 & 1390 Timberlake

 

5/24/01

 

232,766

 

98

%

5

 

RGA Reinsurance Company

 

Manor Parkway,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AMDOCS, Inc.

 

Chesterfield, MO 63017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

501 & 505 South 336th Street

 

9/14/01

 

117,010

 

54

%

12

 

SunGard Availability Services, LP

 

Federal Way, WA 98003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

50 Northwest Point Rd.

 

12/5/01

 

176,848

 

100

%

1

 

Citicorp Credit Services, Inc.

 

Elk Grove Village, IL 60005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1350 Timberlake Manor

 

3/4/02

 

116,197

 

91

%

3

 

RGA Reinsurance Company

 

Parkway

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AB Mauri Food Inc. d/b/a Fleischmanns

 

Chesterfield, MO 63017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yeast

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16285 Park Ten Place

 

6/27/02

 

157,460

 

100

%

9

 

Modec International, Inc.

 

Houston, TX 77084

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PB Americas, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BAE Systems Land & Armaments, LP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bluware, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2730-2760 Junction Avenue

 

8/27/02

 

145,951

 

100

%

3

 

County of Santa Clara

 

408-410 East Plumeria

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spidercloud Wireless, Inc.

 

San Jose, CA 95134

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AltiGen Communications, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15601 Dallas Parkway

 

9/30/02

 

293,787

 

94

%

7

 

Behringer Harvard Holdings, LLC

 

Addison, TX 75001

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noble Royalties, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Federal National Mortgage Association

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1500 & 1600 Greenville Ave.

 

3/3/03

 

298,766

 

100

%

4

 

ARGO Data Resource Corp.

 

Richardson, TX 75080

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VCE Company, LLC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Id Software, LLC

 

 

15



Table of Contents

 

 

 

 

 

Approx.

 

Percent

 

Approx.

 

 

 

 

 

Date of

 

Square

 

Leased as

 

Number

 

 

 

Property Location

 

Purchase (1)

 

Feet

 

of 12/31/13

 

of Tenants

 

Major Tenants (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6550 & 6560 Greenwood Plaza

 

2/24/05

 

196,236

 

100

%

4

 

DIRECTV, Inc.

 

Englewood, CO 80111

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kaiser Foundation Health Plan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3815-3925 River Crossing Pkwy

 

7/6/05

 

205,059

 

99

%

14

 

Somerset CPAs, P.C.

 

Indianapolis, IN 46240

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crow Horwath, LLP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The College Network, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5055 & 5057 Keller Springs Rd.

 

2/24/06

 

218,934

 

96

%

33

 

See Footnote 3

 

Addison, TX 75001

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2740 North Dallas Parkway

 

12/15/00

 

117,050

 

100

%

6

 

Masergy Communications, Inc.

 

Plano, TX 75093

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Special Insurance Services, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NelsonArchitectural Engineers, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Williston Financial Group

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WR Starky Mortgage, LLP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5505 Blue Lagoon Drive

 

11/6/03

 

212,619

 

100

%

1

 

Burger King Corporation

 

Miami, FL 33126

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5600, 5620 & 5640 Cox Road

 

7/16/03

 

298,456

 

100

%

6

 

SunTrust Bank

 

Glen Allen, VA 23060

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General Electric Company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ChemTreat, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1293 Eldridge Parkway

 

1/16/04

 

248,399

 

100

%

1

 

CITGO Petroleum Corporation

 

Houston, TX 77077

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

380 Interlocken Crescent

 

8/15/03

 

240,184

 

86

%

9

 

VMWare, Inc.

 

Broomfield, CO 80021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MWH Americas, Inc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cooley LLP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sierra Financial Services, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3625 Cumberland Boulevard

 

6/27/06

 

387,267

 

98

%

25

 

Corporate Holdings, LLC

 

Atlanta, GA 30339

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Century Business Services, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bennett Thrasher PC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Randstad General Partner (US)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

390 Interlocken Crescent

 

12/21/06

 

241,516

 

69

%

7

 

Vail Holdings, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

120 East Baltimore St.

 

6/13/07

 

325,445

 

78

%

16

 

SunTrust Bank

 

Baltimore, MD 21202

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

State’s Attorney for Baltimore City

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

State Retirement and Pension Systems

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of Maryland

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16290 Katy Freeway

 

9/28/05

 

156,746

 

100

%

3

 

Murphy Exploration and Production

 

Houston, TX 77094

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Company

 

 

16



Table of Contents

 

 

 

 

 

Approx.

 

Percent

 

Approx.

 

 

 

 

 

Date of

 

Square

 

Leased as

 

Number

 

 

 

Property Location

 

Purchase (1)

 

Feet

 

of 12/31/13

 

of Tenants

 

Major Tenants (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2291 Ball Drive

 

12/11/08

 

127,778

 

100

%

1

 

Monsanto Company

 

St Louis, MO 63146

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

45925 Horseshoe Drive

 

12/26/08

 

135,888

 

100

%

1

 

Giesecke & Devrient America, Inc

.

Sterling, VA 20166

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4807 Stonecroft Blvd.

 

6/26/09

 

111,469

 

100

%

1

 

Northrop Grumman Systems Corp.

 

Chantilly, VA 20151

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14800 Charlson Road

 

6/30/09

 

153,028

 

100

%

1

 

C.H. Robinson Worldwide, Inc.

 

Eden Praire, MN 55347

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

121 South Eighth Street and

 

6/29/10

 

474,991

 

91

%

41

 

TCF National Bank

 

801 Marquette Ave. S.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minneapolis, MN 55402

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4820 Emperor Boulevard

 

3/4/11

 

259,531

 

100

%

1

 

Quintiles Transnational Corp.

 

Durham, NC 27703

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5100 & 5160 Tennyson Pkwy

 

3/10/11

 

202,600

 

100

%

1

 

Denbury Onshore LLC

 

Plano, TX 75024

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7500 Dallas Parkway

 

3/24/11

 

214,110

 

100

%

6

 

ADS Alliance Data Systems, Inc.

 

Plano, TX 75024

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Americorp., Inc. d/b/a Altair Global

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

909 Davis Street

 

9/30/11

 

195,245

 

98

%

6

 

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

 

Evanston, IL 60201

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Publishing Company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Northshore University Healthsystem

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

One Ravinia Drive

 

7/31/12

 

386,603

 

90

%

17

 

T-Mobile South LLC

 

Atlanta, Georgia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Internap Network Services Corporation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cedar Technologies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10370 & 10350 Richmond Ave.

 

11/1/12

 

629,025

 

97

%

50

 

Petrobras America, Inc.

 

Houston, TX 77042

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1999 Broadway

 

5/22/13

 

673,839

 

96

%

33

 

Promontory Financial Group, LLC

 

Denver, CO

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United States Government

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

999 Peachtree

 

7/1/13

 

621,946

 

94

%

42

 

Sutherland Asbill Brennan LLP

 

Atlanta, GA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heery International, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1001 17th Street

 

8/28/13

 

655,420

 

89

%

17

 

WPX Energy. Inc.

 

Denver, CO

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Newfield Exploration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Office

 

 

 

9,685,285

 

94

%

 

 

 

 

 


(1) Date of purchase or merged entity date of purchase.

(2) Major tenants that occupy 10% or more of the space in an individual property.

(3) No tenant occupies more than 10% of the space.

 

All of the properties listed above are owned, directly or indirectly, by us.  None of our properties are subject to any mortgage loans.  We have no material undeveloped or unimproved properties, or proposed programs for material renovation, improvement or development of any of our properties in 2014.  We believe that our properties are adequately covered by insurance as of December 31, 2013.

 

17



Table of Contents

 

The information presented below provides the weighted average GAAP rent per square foot for the year ending December 31, 2013 for our properties and weighted occupancy square feet and percentages.  GAAP rent includes the impact of tenant concessions and reimbursements.  This table does not include information about properties held by our investments in nonconsolidated REITs or those which we have provided Sponsored REIT Loans.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Occupied

 

Weighted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Built

 

 

 

Weighted

 

Percentage as of

 

Average

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

or

 

Net Rentable

 

Occupied

 

December 31,

 

Rent per Occupied

 

Property Name

 

City

 

State

 

Renovated

 

Square Feet

 

Sq. Ft.

 

2013 (a)

 

Square Feet (b)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Park Seneca

 

Charlotte

 

NC

 

1969

 

109,674

 

86,061

 

78.5

%

$

15.59

 

Forest Park

 

Charlotte

 

NC

 

1999

 

62,212

 

62,212

 

100.0

%

14.37

 

Meadow Point

 

Chantilly

 

VA

 

1999

 

138,537

 

128,341

 

92.6

%

26.84

 

Innsbrook

 

Glen Allen

 

VA

 

1999

 

298,456

 

295,830

 

99.1

%

17.93

 

East Baltimore

 

Baltimore

 

MD

 

1989

 

325,445

 

238,974

 

73.4

%

24.44

 

Loudoun Tech Center

 

Dulles

 

VA

 

1999

 

135,888

 

135,888

 

100.0

%

15.91

 

Stonecroft

 

Chantilly

 

VA

 

2008

 

111,469

 

111,469

 

100.0

%

37.95

 

Emperor Boulevard

 

Durham

 

NC

 

2009

 

259,531

 

259,531

 

100.0

%

35.46

 

East total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,441,212

 

1,318,306

 

91.5

%

24.59

 

Northwest Point

 

Elk Grove Village

 

IL

 

1999

 

176,848

 

176,848

 

100.0

%

19.35

 

909 Davis Street

 

Evanston

 

IL

 

2002

 

195,245

 

191,223

 

97.9

%

34.84

 

River Crossing

 

Indianapolis

 

IN

 

1998

 

205,059

 

191,935

 

93.6

%

22.24

 

Timberlake

 

Chesterfield

 

MO

 

1999

 

232,766

 

215,635

 

92.6

%

22.93

 

Timberlake East

 

Chesterfield

 

MO

 

2000

 

116,197

 

108,365

 

93.3

%

23.55

 

Lakeside Crossing

 

Maryland Heights

 

MO

 

2008

 

127,778

 

127,778

 

100.0

%

24.28

 

Eden Bluff

 

Eden Praire

 

MN

 

2006

 

153,028

 

153,028

 

100.0

%

27.60

 

121 South 8th Street

 

Minneapolis

 

MN

 

1974

 

474,991

 

428,299

 

90.2

%

14.97

 

Midwest total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,681,912

 

1,593,111

 

94.7

%

22.34

 

Blue Lagoon Drive

 

Miami

 

FL

 

2002

 

212,619

 

212,619

 

100.0

%

23.53

 

One Overton Place

 

Atlanta

 

GA

 

2002

 

387,267

 

336,961

 

87.0

%

22.91

 

Willow Bend Office Center

 

Plano

 

TX

 

1999

 

117,050

 

104,069

 

88.9

%

20.79

 

Park Ten

 

Houston

 

TX

 

1999

 

157,460

 

156,106

 

99.1

%

28.15

 

Addison Circle

 

Addison

 

TX

 

1999

 

293,787

 

280,890

 

95.6

%

24.06

 

Collins Crossing

 

Richardson

 

TX

 

1999

 

298,766

 

283,051

 

94.7

%

23.82

 

Eldridge Green

 

Houston

 

TX

 

1999

 

248,399

 

248,399

 

100.0

%

30.13

 

 

18



Table of Contents

 

The following table is continued from the previous page and provides the weighted average GAAP rent per square foot for the year ending December 31, 2013 for our properties and weighted occupancy square feet and percentages.  GAAP rent includes the impact of tenant concessions and reimbursements. This table does not include information about properties held by our investments in nonconsolidated REITs or those which we have provided Sponsored REIT Loans.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Occupied

 

Weighted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Built

 

 

 

Weighted

 

Percentage as of

 

Average

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

or

 

Net Rentable

 

Occupied

 

December 31,

 

Rent per Occupied

 

Property Name

 

City

 

State

 

Renovated

 

Square Feet

 

Sq. Ft.

 

2013 (a)(c)

 

Square Feet (b)(c)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Park Ten Phase II

 

Houston

 

TX

 

2006

 

156,746

 

156,746

 

100.0

%

31.18

 

Liberty Plaza

 

Addison

 

TX

 

1985

 

218,934

 

183,182

 

83.7

%

19.75

 

Legacy Tennyson Center

 

Plano

 

TX

 

1999/2008

 

202,600

 

202,600

 

100.0

%

18.53

 

One Legacy Circle

 

Plano

 

TX

 

2008

 

214,110

 

214,110

 

100.0

%

32.29

 

One Ravinia Drive

 

Atlanta

 

GA

 

1985

 

386,603

 

341,718

 

88.4

%

21.78

 

Westchase I & II

 

Houston

 

TX

 

1983/2008

 

629,025

 

606,569

 

96.4

%

31.52

 

999 Peachtree

 

Atlanta

 

GA

 

1987

 

621,946

 

587,179

 

94.4

%(c)

28.74

(c)

South Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,145,312

 

3,914,199

 

94.4

%

26.28

 

Centennial Technology Center

 

Colorado Springs

 

CO

 

1999

 

110,405

 

94,297

 

85.4

%

15.71

 

380 Interlocken

 

Broomfield

 

CO

 

2000

 

240,184

 

207,015

 

86.2

%

29.14

 

1999 Broadway

 

Denver

 

CO

 

1986

 

673,839

 

642,303

 

95.3

%(c)

30.01

(c)

1001 17th Street

 

Denver

 

CO

 

1977/2006

 

655,420

 

579,719

 

88.5

%(c)

31.73

(c)

Greenwood Plaza

 

Englewood

 

CO

 

2000

 

196,236

 

135,756

 

69.2

%

21.22

 

390 Interlocken

 

Broomfield

 

CO

 

2002

 

241,516

 

187,102

 

77.5

%

28.70

 

Hillview Center

 

Milpitas

 

CA

 

1984

 

36,288

 

36,288

 

100.0

%

15.61

 

Federal Way

 

Federal Way

 

WA

 

1982

 

117,010

 

56,528

 

48.3

%

18.67

 

Montague Business Center

 

San Jose

 

CA

 

1982

 

145,951

 

145,951

 

100.0

%

15.63

 

West Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,416,849

 

2,084,959

 

86.3

%

27.50

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grand Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,685,285

 

8,910,575

 

92.0

%

25.61

 

 


(a)    Based on weighted occupied square feet for the year ended December 31, 2013, including month-to-month tenants, divided by the Property’s net rentable square footage.

(b)    Represents annualized GAAP rental revenue for year ended December 31, 2013 per weighted occupied square foot.

(c)     For Properties purchased during 2013, period represents from acquisition date through December 31, 2013 for calculations.

 

19



Table of Contents

 

Item 3.                   Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, we may be subject to legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of our business.  Although occasional adverse decisions (or settlements) may occur, we believe that the final disposition of such matters will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, cash flows or results of operations.

 

Item 4.                   Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

20



Table of Contents

 

PART II

 

Item 5.                   Market For Registrant’s Common Equity,  Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Our common stock is listed on the NYSE MKT under the symbol “FSP”.  The following table sets forth the high and low sales prices on the NYSE MKT for the quarterly periods indicated.

 

Three Months

 

Range

 

Ended

 

High

 

Low

 

December 31, 2013

 

$

13.77

 

$

11.70

 

September 30, 2013

 

$

14.44

 

$

11.55

 

June 30, 2013

 

$

15.27

 

$

12.34

 

March 31, 2013

 

$

14.80

 

$

12.55

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2012

 

$

12.88

 

$

10.42

 

September 30, 2012

 

$

12.34

 

$

9.98

 

June 30, 2012

 

$

10.84

 

$

9.57

 

March 31, 2012

 

$

11.14

 

$

9.43

 

 

As of February 7, 2014, there were 10,530 holders of our common stock, including both holders of record and participants in securities position listings.

 

On January 10, 2014, our board of directors declared a dividend of $0.19 per share of our common stock payable to stockholders of record as of January 24, 2014 that was paid on February 14, 2014.  Set forth below are the distributions per share of common stock made by FSP Corp. in each quarter since 2012.

 

Quarter

 

Distribution Per Share of

 

Ended

 

Common Stock of FSP Corp.

 

December 31, 2013

 

$

0.19

 

September 30, 2013

 

$

0.19

 

June 30, 2013

 

$

0.19

 

March 31, 2013

 

$

0.19

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2012

 

$

0.19

 

September 30, 2012

 

$

0.19

 

June 30, 2012

 

$

0.19

 

March 31, 2012

 

$

0.19

 

 

While not guaranteed, we expect that cash dividends on our common stock comparable to our most recent quarterly dividend will continue to be paid in the future. See Part I, Item 1A Risk Factors, “Our level of dividends may fluctuate.”, for additional information.

 

21



Table of Contents

 

STOCK PERFORMANCE GRAPH

 

The following graph compares the cumulative total stockholder return on the Company’s common stock between December 31, 2008 and December 31, 2013 with the cumulative total return of (1) the NAREIT Equity Index, (2) the Standard & Poor’s 500 Composite Stock Price Index (“S&P 500”) and (3) the Russell 2000 Total Return Index over the same period.  This graph assumes the investment of $100.00 on December 31, 2008 and assumes that any distributions are reinvested.

 

 

 

 

As of December 31,

 

 

 

2008

 

2009

 

2010

 

2011

 

2012

 

2013

 

FSP

 

$

100

 

$

104

 

$

107

 

$

80

 

$

106

 

$

109

 

NAREIT Equity

 

100

 

128

 

164

 

177

 

212

 

218

 

S&P 500

 

100

 

126

 

146

 

149

 

172

 

228

 

Russell 2000

 

100

 

127

 

161

 

155

 

180

 

250

 

 

Notes to Graph:

 

The above performance graph and related information shall not be deemed “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the Securities and Exchange Commission, nor shall such information be incorporated by reference into any future filing under the Securities Act, as amended of 1933 or Securities Exchange Act of 1934, each as amended, except to the extent that we specifically incorporate it by reference into such filing.

 

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Item 6.                     Selected Financial Data

 

The following selected financial information is derived from the historical consolidated financial statements of FSP Corp. This information should be read in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Item 7 and with FSP Corp.’s consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included in Item 8.

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

2013

 

2012

 

2011

 

2010

 

2009

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total revenue

 

$

213,636

 

$

161,580

 

$

138,041

 

$

115,802

 

$

118,635

 

Income from:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

 

17,294

 

22,950

 

19,357

 

17,729

 

27,085

 

Income from discontinued operations

 

2,533

 

(15,317

)

24,167

 

4,364

 

787

 

Net income

 

19,827

 

7,633

 

43,524

 

22,093

 

27,872

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted income per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Continuing operations

 

$

0.18

 

$

0.28

 

$

0.24

 

$

0.22

 

$

0.37

 

Discontinued operations

 

0.03

 

(0.19

)

0.29

 

0.06

 

0.01

 

Total

 

$

0.21

 

$

0.09

 

$

0.53

 

$

0.28

 

$

0.38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Distributions declared per share outstanding:

 

$

0.76

 

$

0.76

 

$

0.76

 

$

0.76

 

$

0.76

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As of December 31,

 

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

2011

 

2010

 

2009

 

Balance Sheet Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

2,044,034

 

$

1,526,068

 

$

1,407,348

 

$

1,238,735

 

$

1,154,850

 

Total liabilities

 

993,868

 

661,319

 

485,981

 

317,177

 

217,576

 

Total shareholders’ equity

 

1,050,166

 

864,749

 

921,367

 

921,558

 

937,274

 

 

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Item 7.                     Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this report.  Historical results and percentage relationships set forth in the consolidated financial statements, including trends which might appear, should not be taken as necessarily indicative of future operations.  The following discussion and other parts of this Annual Report on Form 10-K may also contain forward-looking statements based on current judgments and current knowledge of management, which are subject to certain risks, trends and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated in such forward-looking statements.  Accordingly, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements.  Investors are cautioned that our forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainty, including without limitation, economic conditions in the United States, disruptions in the debt markets, economic conditions in the markets in which we own properties, risks of a lessening of demand for the types of real estate owned by us, uncertainties relating to fiscal policy, changes in government regulations and regulatory uncertainty, geopolitical events, and expenditures that cannot be anticipated such as utility rate and usage increases, unanticipated repairs, additional staffing, insurance increases and real estate tax valuation reassessments.  See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A.  Although we believe the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements.  We may not update any of the forward-looking statements after the date this Annual Report on Form 10-K is filed to conform them to actual results or to changes in our expectations that occur after such date, other than as required by law.

 

Overview

 

FSP Corp., or we, operate in the real estate operations segment. The real estate operations segment involves real estate rental operations, leasing, secured financing of real estate and services provided for asset management, property management, property acquisitions, dispositions and development.  Our current strategy is to invest in select urban infill and central business district properties, with primary emphasis on our top five markets of Atlanta, Dallas, Denver, Houston and Minneapolis.  We believe that our top five markets have macro-economic drivers that have the potential to increase occupancies and rents.  We will also monitor San Diego, Silicon Valley, Greater Boston, Raleigh-Durham, and Greater Washington, DC, as well as other markets, for opportunistic investments.  FSP Corp. seeks value-oriented investments with an eye towards long-term growth and appreciation, as well as current income.

 

The main factor that affects our real estate operations is the broad economic market conditions in the United States.  These market conditions affect the occupancy levels and the rent levels on both a national and local level.  We have no influence on broader economic/market conditions.  We look to acquire and/or develop quality properties in good locations in order to lessen the impact of downturns in the market and to take advantage of upturns when they occur.

 

Trends and Uncertainties

 

Economic Conditions

 

The economy in the United States is continuing to experience a period of limited economic growth, including relatively high levels of unemployment, which directly affects the demand for office space, our primary income producing asset.  The broad economic market conditions in the United States are affected by numerous factors, including but not limited to, inflation and employment levels, energy prices, slow economic growth and/or recessionary concerns, uncertainty about government fiscal and tax policy, changes in currency exchange rates, geopolitical events, the regulatory environment, the availability of debt and interest rate fluctuations.  However, we believe that unemployment rates have begun to trend lower.  We also believe that the Federal Reserve Bank’s tapering program in December 2013 has been generally received as a harbinger of real improvement in the economy, which could bode well for our real estate operations.  We could benefit from any further improved economic fundamentals and increasing levels of employment.  We believe that the economy could be in the early stages of a cyclically-slower but prolonged broad-based upswing.  However, future economic factors may negatively affect real estate values, occupancy levels and property income.

 

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Real Estate Operations

 

Leasing

 

Our real estate portfolio was approximately 94.1% leased as of December 31, 2013 and approximately 94.0% leased as of December 31, 2012.  The 0.1% increase in leased space was from leasing accomplished during 2013 and was partially offset by the effect on our overall leased % from an acquisition with a lower amount of leased space.  On August 28, 2013 we acquired a 655,565 square foot office building in Denver, Colorado that was 88.5% leased at the time of acquisition.  We believe this property offers an excellent opportunity to increase occupancy and rental income stream within a vibrant and growing Denver central business district office market, creating incremental value for the Company.  During the year ended December 31, 2013, we leased approximately 912,000 square feet of office space, of which approximately 645,000 square feet were with existing tenants, at a weighted average term of 7.21 years.  On average, tenant improvements for such leases were $18.25 per square foot, lease commissions were $8.48 per square foot and rent concessions were approximately three months of free rent.  Average GAAP base rents under such leases were $23.33 per square foot, or 8.0% higher than average rents in the respective properties as applicable compared to the year ended December 31, 2012.

 

As of December 31, 2013, leases for approximately 5.6% and 9.5% of the square footage in our portfolio are scheduled to expire during 2014 and 2015, respectively.  As 2014 begins, we believe that our property portfolio is well stabilized, with a balanced lease expiration schedule.  We believe that most of our largest property markets are now experiencing positive trends in both occupancies and rental rates.  We believe our property portfolio has improved our occupancy levels and should allow overall tenant improvement expenditures and leasing costs to moderate in relation to the level of rental revenues being achieved as we look ahead.

 

While we cannot generally predict when existing vacancy in our real estate portfolio will be leased or if existing tenants with expiring leases will renew their leases or what the terms and conditions of the lease renewals will be, we expect to renew or sign new leases at then-current market rates for locations in which the buildings are located, which could be below the expiring rates.  Also, even as the economy recovers, we believe the potential for any of our tenants to default on its lease or to seek the protection of bankruptcy still exists.  If any of our tenants defaults on its lease, we may experience delays in enforcing our rights as a landlord and may incur substantial costs in protecting our investment.  In addition, at any time, a tenant of one of our properties may seek the protection of bankruptcy laws, which could result in the rejection and termination of such tenant’s lease and thereby cause a reduction in cash available for distribution to our stockholders.

 

Real Estate Acquisition and Investment Activity

 

During 2013:

 

·                  on May 22, we acquired an office property with approximately 680,277 rentable square feet of space for $183.0 million located in the central business district of Denver, Colorado;

·                  on July 1, we acquired an office property with approximately 621,007 rentable square feet for $157.9 million located in the midtown submarket of Atlanta, Georgia;

·                  on August 28, we acquired an office property with approximately 655,565 rentable square feet of space for $217.0 million located in the central business district of Denver, Colorado;

·                  on December 6, we received approximately $2.35 million from FSP 505 Waterford Corp. as repayment in full of a Sponsored REIT Loan; and

·                  funded advances on Sponsored REIT Loans for revolving lines of credit in the aggregate amount of approximately $8.2 million.

 

During 2012, we:

 

·                  acquired two properties directly into our portfolio with a total of approximately 1,016,000 rentable square feet at an aggregate purchase price of approximately $207.6 million.  On July 31, 2012, we acquired an office property with approximately 387,000 square feet for approximately $52.8 million in Atlanta, Georgia and on November 1, 2012 we acquired an office property with approximately 629,000 square feet for approximately $154.8 million in Houston, Texas.

·                  funded advances on Sponsored REIT Loans for revolving lines of credit of an aggregate of approximately $41.6 million including $30 million during March 2012 to FSP 50 South Tenth Street Corp., and $11.6 million for revolving lines of credit made during the year ended December 31, 2012;

·                  received repayments on Sponsored REIT Loans of $121.2 million, including $106.2 million on July 27, 2012 from a first mortgage loan on a property owned by FSP 50 South Tenth Street

 

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Corp., and $15.0 million on December 20, 2012 from a secured revolving line of credit with FSP Phoenix Tower Corp.;

·                  made and funded a Sponsored REIT Loan on July 5, 2012, in the form of a first mortgage loan in the principal amount of $33 million to a wholly-owned subsidiary of a Sponsored REIT, FSP Energy Tower I Corp., which owns a property in Houston, Texas.

 

During 2011, we:

 

·                  we acquired five properties directly into our portfolio with an aggregate of approximately 994,000 rentable square feet at an aggregate purchase price of approximately $214.2 million.  On March 4, 2011 we acquired a commercial property with approximately 260,000 rentable square feet for approximately $75.8 million in North Carolina, on March 10, 2011, we acquired a commercial property with approximately 203,000 rentable square feet for approximately $37.0 million in Texas, on March 24, 2011, we acquired another commercial property with approximately 214,000 rentable square feet for approximately $53.0 million in Texas, on September 30, 2011 we acquired a property with approximately 195,000 rentable square feet for approximately $37.1 million in Illinois and on October 6, 2011 we acquired another commercial property with approximately 122,000 rentable square feet for approximately $11.3 million in Texas; and

·                  funded advances on Sponsored REIT Loans of an aggregate of approximately $82.8 million including $76.2 million on December 29, 2011, for a first mortgage loan on a property owned by FSP 50 South Tenth Street Corp., which was repaid in 2012 and $6.6 million for revolving lines of credit and construction loans made during the year ended December 31, 2011.

 

Discontinued Operations and Dispositions

 

We include properties sold or held for sale and investment banking activities as discontinued operations.

 

Property Dispositions

 

We sold an office property located in Richardson, Texas on October 29, 2013 at a $2.2 million gain.

 

During the three months ended September 30, 2012, we reached a decision to classify our office property located in Southfield, Michigan as an asset held for sale.  In evaluating the Southfield, Michigan property, management considered various subjective factors, including the time, cost and likelihood of successfully leasing the property, the effect of the property’s results on its unencumbered asset value, which is part of the leverage ratio used to calculate interest rates under the 2012 Credit Facility and future capital costs to upgrade and reposition the multi-tenant property and to lease up the building, recent leasing and economic activity in the local area, and offers to purchase the property.  We concluded that selling the property was the more prudent decision and outweighed the potential future benefit of continuing to hold the property.  The property was expected to sell within one year at a loss, which was recorded as a provision for loss on a property held for sale of $14.3 million net of applicable income taxes and was classified as an asset held for sale of $0.7 million at September 30, 2012.  We sold the property on December 21, 2012 for $0.3 million resulting in a total loss of $14.8 million.

 

We sold an industrial property located in Savage, Maryland on June 24, 2011 at a $2.3 million gain and in 2010 reached an agreement to sell an office property, located in Falls Church, Virginia, which was sold on January 21, 2011 at a $19.6 million gain.  The Falls Church, Virginia property was classified as an asset held for sale at December 31, 2010.  Accordingly, properties sold were classified as discontinued for all periods presented.

 

We will continue to evaluate our portfolio, and in the future may decide to dispose of additional properties from time-to-time in the ordinary course of business.  We believe that the current property sales environment remains challenged in many markets relative to both liquidity and pricing.  However, we also believe that we are witnessing improving pricing and liquidity in certain markets.  We believe that both improving office property fundamentals as well as plentiful and attractive financing availability will likely be required to broadly improve the marketplace for potential property dispositions.  As an important part of our total return strategy, we intend to be active in property dispositions when we believe that market conditions warrant such activity and, as a consequence, we continuously review and evaluate our portfolio of properties for potentially advantageous dispositions.

 

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Investment Banking

 

Previously we operated in the investment banking segment, and in December 2011, we discontinued those activities.  The investment banking segment involved the structuring of real estate investments and broker/dealer services that included the organization of Sponsored REITs, the acquisition and development of real estate on behalf of Sponsored REITs and the raising of capital to equitize the Sponsored REITs through sale of preferred stock in private placements.  On December 15, 2011, we announced that our broker/dealer subsidiary, FSP Investments LLC, would no longer sponsor the syndication of shares of preferred stock in newly-formed Sponsored REITs.

 

FSP Investments LLC continues to provide investor services to existing Sponsored REITs, which is not a significant activity, and has the capability to sponsor the syndication of any additional shares of preferred stock in existing Sponsored REITs.  Our decision to no longer sponsor the syndication of shares of preferred stock in newly-formed Sponsored REITs was made after judging the potential for meaningful future profit contribution to our earnings from such syndications to be limited.  Our investment banking segment had been marginal in its profit contribution over the prior four years and we believed time and resources would be more productively deployed elsewhere

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

We have certain critical accounting policies that are subject to judgments and estimates by our management and uncertainties of outcome that affect the application of these policies.  We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances.  On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates.  In the event estimates or assumptions prove to be different from actual results, adjustments are made in subsequent periods to reflect more current information.  The accounting policies that we believe are most critical to the understanding of our financial position and results of operations, and that require significant management estimates and judgments, are discussed below. Significant estimates in the consolidated financial statements include the allowance for doubtful accounts, purchase price allocations, useful lives of fixed assets, impairment considerations and the valuation of the derivative.

 

Critical accounting policies are those that have the most impact on the reporting of our financial condition and results of operations and those requiring significant judgments and estimates.  We believe that our judgments and estimates are consistently applied and produce financial information that fairly presents our results of operations.  Our most critical accounting policies involve our investments in Sponsored REITs and our investments in real property.  These policies affect our:

 

·                  allocation of purchase prices;

·                  allowance for doubtful accounts;

·                  assessment of the carrying values and impairments of long lived assets;

·                  useful lives of fixed assets and intangibles;

·                  valuation of derivatives;

·                  classification of leases; and

·                  ownership of stock in a Sponsored REIT and related interests.

 

These policies involve significant judgments made based upon our experience, including judgments about current valuations, ultimate realizable value, estimated useful lives, salvage or residual value, the ability of our tenants to perform their obligations to us, current and future economic conditions and competitive factors in the markets in which our properties are located.  Competition, economic conditions and other factors may cause occupancy declines in the future.  In the future we may need to revise our carrying value assessments to incorporate information which is not now known and such revisions could increase or decrease our depreciation expense related to properties we own, result in the classification of our leases as other than operating leases or decrease the carrying values of our assets.

 

Allocation of Purchase Price

 

We have historically allocated the purchase prices of properties to land, buildings and improvements.  Each component of purchase price generally has a different useful life. For properties acquired subsequent to June 1, 2001, we allocate the value of real estate acquired among land, buildings, improvements and identified intangible assets and liabilities, which may consist of the value of above market and below market leases, the value of in-place leases, and the value of tenant relationships. Purchase price allocations and the determination of the useful lives are

 

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based on management’s estimates. Under some circumstances we may rely upon studies commissioned from independent real estate appraisal firms in determining the purchase price allocations.

 

Purchase price allocated to land and building and improvements is based on management’s determination of the relative fair values of these assets assuming the property was vacant. Management determines the fair value of a property using methods similar to those used by independent appraisers. Purchase price allocated to above or below market leases is based on the present value (using an interest rate which reflects the risks associated with the leases acquired) of the difference between (i) the contractual amounts to be paid pursuant to the in-place leases including consideration of potential lease renewals and (ii) our estimate of fair market lease rates for the corresponding leases, measured over a period equal to the remaining non-cancelable terms of the respective leases.  Purchase price allocated to in-place leases and tenant relationships is determined as the excess of (i) the purchase price paid for a property after adjusting existing in-place leases to market rental rates over (ii) the estimated fair value of the property as if vacant.  This aggregate value is allocated between in-place lease values and tenant relationships based on management’s evaluation of the specific characteristics of each tenant’s lease; however, the value of tenant relationships has not been separated from in-place lease value because such value and its consequence to amortization expense is immaterial for acquisitions reflected in our financial statements.  Factors considered by us in performing these analyses include (i) an estimate of carrying costs during the expected lease-up periods, including real estate taxes, insurance and other operating income and expenses, and (ii) costs to execute similar leases in current market conditions, such as leasing commissions, legal and other related costs.  If future acquisitions result in our allocating material amounts to the value of tenant relationships, those amounts would be separately allocated and amortized over the estimated life of the relationships.

 

Allowance for Bad Debts

 

We provide an allowance for bad debts based on our estimate of a tenant’s ability to make future rent payments.  The computation of this allowance is based in part on the tenants’ payment history and current credit status.

 

Impairment

 

We periodically evaluate our real estate properties for impairment indicators.  These indicators may include declining tenant occupancy, weak or declining tenant profitability, cash flow or liquidity, our decision to dispose of an asset before the end of its estimated useful life or legislative, economic or market changes that permanently reduce the value of our investments.  If indicators of impairment are present, we evaluate the carrying value of the property by comparing it to its expected future undiscounted cash flows.  If the sum of these expected future cash flows is less than the carrying value, we reduce the net carrying value of the property to the present value of these expected future cash flows. This analysis requires us to judge whether indicators of impairment exist and to estimate likely future cash flows.  If we misjudge or estimate incorrectly or if future tenant profitability, market or industry factors differ from our expectations, we may record an impairment charge which is inappropriate or fail to record a charge when we should have done so, or the amount of such charges may be inaccurate.

 

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

 

We compute depreciation expense using the straight-line method over estimated useful lives of up to 39 years for buildings and improvements, and up to 15 years for personal property.  Costs incurred in connection with leasing (primarily tenant improvements and leasing commissions) are capitalized and amortized over the lease period.  The allocated cost of land is not depreciated.  The value of above or below-market leases is amortized over the remaining non-cancelable periods of the respective leases as an adjustment to rental income.  The value of in-place leases, exclusive of the value of above-market and below-market in-place leases, is also amortized over the remaining non-cancelable periods of the respective leases.  If a lease is terminated prior to its stated expiration, all unamortized amounts relating to that lease are written off.  Inappropriate allocation of acquisition costs, or incorrect estimates of useful lives, could result in depreciation and amortization expenses which do not appropriately reflect the allocation of our capital expenditures over future periods, as is required by generally accepted accounting principles.

 

Derivative Instruments

 

We recognize derivatives on the balance sheet at fair value. Derivatives that do not qualify, or are not designated as hedge relationships, must be adjusted to fair value through income. Derivative instruments designated

 

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in a hedge relationship to mitigate exposure to variability in expected future cash flows, or other types of forecasted transactions, are considered cash flow hedges. Cash flow hedges are accounted for by recording the fair value of the derivative instrument on the balance sheet as either an asset or liability. To the extent hedges are effective, a corresponding amount, adjusted for swap payments, is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income within stockholders’ equity. Amounts are then reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income to the income statement in the period or periods the hedged forecasted transaction affects earnings. Ineffectiveness, if any, is recorded in the income statement. Derivative instruments designated in a hedge relationship to mitigate exposure to changes in the fair value of an asset, liability, or firm commitment attributable to a particular risk, such as interest rate risk, are considered fair value hedges. We currently have no fair value hedges outstanding. Fair values of derivatives are subject to significant variability based on changes in interest rates and counterparty credit risk. To the extent we enter into fair value hedges in the future, the results of such variability could be a significant increase or decrease in our derivative assets, derivative liabilities, book equity, and/or earnings.

 

Lease Classification

 

Some of our real estate properties are leased on a triple net basis, pursuant to non-cancelable, fixed term, operating leases.  Each time we enter a new lease or materially modify an existing lease we evaluate whether it is appropriately classified as a capital lease or as an operating lease.  The classification of a lease as capital or operating affects the carrying value of a property, as well as our recognition of rental payments as revenue.  These evaluations require us to make estimates of, among other things, the remaining useful life and market value of a property, discount rates and future cash flows.  Incorrect assumptions or estimates may result in misclassification of our leases.

 

Ownership of Stock in a Sponsored REIT and Related Interests

 

Common stock investments in Sponsored REITs were consolidated while the entity was controlled by the Company.  Following the commencement of syndication the Company exercised influence over, but did not control these entities and investments are accounted for using the equity method.  Once under the equity method of accounting, our cost basis is adjusted by our share of the Sponsored REITs’ earnings, if any, prior to completion of the syndication.  Equity in losses or dividends received from Sponsored REITs generally are recognized as income once the investment balance is reduced to zero, unless there is an asset held for syndication from the Sponsored REIT entity.  Equity in losses or distributions received in excess of investment is recorded as an adjustment to the carrying value of the asset held for syndication.  In December 2011, we announced that we will no longer sponsor the syndication of newly-formed Sponsored REITs.

 

We recognized our share of the operations during the period we consolidated and when the equity method is appropriate, as opposed to classifying the Sponsored REITs as discontinued operations, because we earned an ongoing asset and/or property management fee from Sponsored REITs.  These ongoing fees, in addition to the influence that we exercise over the Sponsored REIT, constituted a continuing involvement between the Company and the Sponsored REIT and precluded treatment as discontinued operations.

 

We currently hold preferred stock interests in two Sponsored REITs.  As a result of our common and preferred stock interests in these two Sponsored REITs, we exercise influence over, but do not control these entities.  These preferred stock interests are accounted for using the equity method.  Under the equity method of accounting our cost basis is adjusted by our share of the Sponsored REITs’ operations and distributions received.  We also agreed to vote our preferred shares (i) with respect to any merger in the same manner that a majority of the other stockholders of the Sponsored REIT vote for or against the merger and (ii) with respect to any other matter presented to a vote by the stockholders of these Sponsored REITs in the same proportion as shares voted by other stockholders of that Sponsored REIT.

 

We also previously held a preferred stock interest in a third Sponsored REIT known as Phoenix Tower.  On December 20, 2012, the property owned by Phoenix Tower was sold and, thereafter, Phoenix Tower declared and issued a liquidating distribution for its preferred shareholders, from which the Company was entitled to $4,862,000.  As a result of the sale, the Company recognized its share of the gain of $1,582,000.  We received $4,752,000 on January 4, 2013 and $96,000 on September 30, 2013.  In connection with our common stock ownership of Phoenix Tower, we received $10,000 on September 30, 2013.  As of December 31, 2013, we held a beneficial interest in the Phoenix Tower liquidating trust in the amount of $14,000.

 

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Results of Operations

 

Impact of Real Estate Acquisition and Investment Activity:

 

The results of operations for each of the acquired properties are included in our operating results as