10-Q 1 a1stqtr2014form10-q.htm 10-Q 1st Qtr 2014 Form 10-Q

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
 FORM 10-Q
 
 
 
þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2014
or
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                     to                     
Commission File Number: 1-13461
 
 
 
Group 1 Automotive, Inc.
 
 
 
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
 
Delaware
 
76-0506313
 
 
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
800 Gessner, Suite 500
Houston, Texas 77024
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)
 
 
 
 
(713) 647-5700
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this Chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
þ
 
¨
Accelerated filer
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
¨
Smaller reporting company
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     
Yes  ¨    No  þ
As of April 22, 2014, the registrant had 24,211,197 shares of common stock, par value $0.01, outstanding.




TABLE OF CONTENTS
 

2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
GROUP 1 AUTOMOTIVE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS 
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
ASSETS
CURRENT ASSETS:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
17,687

 
$
20,215

Contracts-in-transit and vehicle receivables, net
 
208,461

 
225,156

Accounts and notes receivable, net
 
131,494

 
135,058

Inventories, net
 
1,537,112

 
1,542,318

Deferred income taxes
 
18,262

 
21,150

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
23,257

 
24,041

Total current assets
 
1,936,273

 
1,967,938

PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, net
 
827,121

 
796,356

GOODWILL
 
747,091

 
737,303

INTANGIBLE FRANCHISE RIGHTS
 
301,174

 
301,505

OTHER ASSETS
 
14,278

 
16,376

Total assets
 
$
3,825,937

 
$
3,819,478

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
 
 
 
 
Floorplan notes payable - credit facility and other
 
$
1,108,849

 
$
1,143,104

Offset account related to floorplan notes payable - credit facility
 
(33,646
)
 
(56,198
)
Floorplan notes payable - manufacturer affiliates
 
314,976

 
346,572

Current maturities of long-term debt and short-term financing
 
29,967

 
36,225

Accounts payable
 
280,454

 
254,930

Accrued expenses
 
150,319

 
140,543

Total current liabilities
 
1,850,919

 
1,865,176

LONG-TERM DEBT, net of current maturities
 
665,042

 
663,689

DEFERRED INCOME TAXES
 
150,009

 
152,291

LIABILITIES FROM INTEREST RATE RISK MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES
 
25,661

 
26,078

OTHER LIABILITIES
 
49,052

 
47,975

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (NOTE 11)
 

 

TEMPORARY EQUITY - Redeemable equity portion of the 3.00% Convertible Senior Notes
 
28,194

 
29,094

STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 1,000 shares authorized; none issued or outstanding
 

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value, 50,000 shares authorized; 25,801 and 25,746 issued, respectively
 
258

 
257

Additional paid-in capital
 
368,728

 
368,641

Retained earnings
 
803,302

 
776,101

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(44,242
)
 
(51,677
)
Treasury stock, at cost; 1,588 and 1,432 shares, respectively
 
(70,986
)
 
(58,147
)
Total stockholders’ equity
 
1,057,060

 
1,035,175

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
$
3,825,937

 
$
3,819,478


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
3


GROUP 1 AUTOMOTIVE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2014
 
2013
 
 
(Unaudited, in thousands, except per share amounts)
REVENUES:
 
 
 
 
New vehicle retail sales
 
$
1,268,836

 
$
1,110,235

Used vehicle retail sales
 
549,897

 
471,399

Used vehicle wholesale sales
 
89,173

 
74,551

Parts and service sales
 
269,317

 
237,510

Finance, insurance and other, net
 
83,640

 
70,137

Total revenues
 
2,260,863

 
1,963,832

COST OF SALES:
 
 
 
 
New vehicle retail sales
 
1,201,930

 
1,047,599

Used vehicle retail sales
 
507,096

 
431,123

Used vehicle wholesale sales
 
86,061

 
72,129

Parts and service sales
 
127,654

 
112,492

Total cost of sales
 
1,922,741

 
1,663,343

GROSS PROFIT
 
338,122

 
300,489

SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES
 
257,558

 
233,433

DEPRECIATION AND AMORTIZATION EXPENSE
 
9,925

 
8,413

INCOME FROM OPERATIONS
 
70,639

 
58,643

OTHER EXPENSE:
 
 
 
 
Floorplan interest expense
 
(10,913
)
 
(9,364
)
Other interest expense, net
 
(10,513
)
 
(9,242
)
Other expense, net
 

 
(789
)
INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES
 
49,213

 
39,248

PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES
 
(17,910
)
 
(17,130
)
NET INCOME
 
$
31,303

 
$
22,118

BASIC EARNINGS PER SHARE
 
$
1.29

 
$
0.95

Weighted average common shares outstanding
 
23,339

 
22,282

DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE
 
$
1.19

 
$
0.88

Weighted average common shares outstanding
 
25,428

 
24,113

CASH DIVIDENDS PER COMMON SHARE
 
$
0.17

 
$
0.15



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
4


GROUP 1 AUTOMOTIVE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2014
 
2013
 
 
(Unaudited, in thousands)
NET INCOME
 
$
31,303

 
$
22,118

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes:
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
 
8,215

 
(7,456
)
Net unrealized gain (loss) on interest rate swaps:
 
 
 
 
Unrealized loss arising during the period, net of tax benefit of $1,512 and $8, respectively
 
(2,520
)
 
(14
)
Reclassification adjustment for loss included in interest expense, net of tax provision of $1,044 and $1,025, respectively
 
1,740

 
1,708

Net unrealized (loss) gain on interest rate swaps, net of tax
 
(780
)
 
1,694

OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS), NET OF TAXES
 
7,435

 
(5,762
)
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
 
$
38,738

 
$
16,356



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
5


GROUP 1 AUTOMOTIVE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY 
 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
 
Treasury Stock
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
 
(Unaudited, in thousands)
BALANCE, December 31, 2013
 
25,746

 
$
257

 
$
368,641

 
$
776,101

 
$
(51,677
)
 
$
(58,147
)
 
$
1,035,175

Net income
 

 

 

 
31,303

 

 

 
31,303

Other comprehensive income, net
 

 

 

 

 
7,435

 

 
7,435

Purchases of treasury stock
 

 

 

 

 

 
(16,942
)
 
(16,942
)
Temporary equity adjustment related to 3.00% Convertible Notes
 

 

 
899

 

 

 

 
899

Net issuance of treasury shares to employee stock compensation plans
 
55

 
1

 
(5,192
)
 

 

 
4,103

 
(1,088
)
Stock-based compensation
 

 

 
3,647

 

 

 

 
3,647

Tax effect from stock-based compensation plans
 

 

 
733

 

 

 

 
733

Cash dividends, net of estimated forfeitures relative to participating securities
 

 

 

 
(4,102
)
 

 

 
(4,102
)
BALANCE, March 31, 2014
 
25,801

 
$
258

 
$
368,728

 
$
803,302

 
$
(44,242
)
 
$
(70,986
)
 
$
1,057,060



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
6


GROUP 1 AUTOMOTIVE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2014
 
2013
 
 
(Unaudited, in thousands)
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
31,303

 
$
22,118

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
9,925

 
8,413

Deferred income taxes
 
2,913

 
9,127

Stock-based compensation
 
3,660

 
3,403

Amortization of debt discount and issue costs
 
3,612

 
3,386

Gain on disposition of assets
 
(16
)
 
(578
)
Tax effect from stock-based compensation
 
(733
)
 
(749
)
Other
 
544

 
804

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions and dispositions:
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
46,555

 
53,266

Accounts and notes receivable
 
4,822

 
1,838

Inventories
 
38,269

 
(84,053
)
Contracts-in-transit and vehicle receivables
 
16,780

 
14,065

Prepaid expenses and other assets
 
2,697

 
1,764

Floorplan notes payable - manufacturer affiliates
 
(27,643
)
 
29,043

Deferred revenues
 
504

 
79

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
133,192

 
61,926

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
 
Cash paid in acquisitions, net of cash received
 
(52,648
)
 
(58,272
)
Proceeds from disposition of franchises, property and equipment
 
197

 
17,523

Purchases of property and equipment, including real estate
 
(27,095
)
 
(19,971
)
Other
 
(1,539
)
 
452

Net cash used in investing activities
 
(81,085
)
 
(60,268
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
 
Borrowings on credit facility - floorplan line and other
 
1,503,650

 
1,545,263

Repayments on credit facility - floorplan line and other
 
(1,511,811
)
 
(1,460,150
)
Borrowings on credit facility - acquisition line
 
19,963

 

Repayments on credit facility - acquisition line
 
(30,000
)
 

Borrowings on real estate credit facility
 
200

 

Principal payments on real estate credit facility
 
(677
)
 
(6,563
)
Borrowings of other long-term debt
 
19,683

 

Principal payments of other long-term debt
 
(24,321
)
 
(66,415
)
Borrowings of short-term and long-term debt related to real estate
 
13,855

 
6,009

Principal payments of long-term debt related to real estate loans
 
(11,510
)
 
(3,277
)
Issuance of common stock to benefit plans
 
(1,089
)
 
(392
)
Repurchases of common stock, amounts based on settlement date
 
(16,942
)
 

Tax effect from stock-based compensation
 
733

 
749

Dividends paid
 
(4,115
)
 
(3,627
)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
 
(42,381
)
 
11,597

EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH
 
(12,254
)
 
(176
)
NET (DECREASE) INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
 
(2,528
)
 
13,079

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, beginning of period
 
20,215

 
4,650

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, end of period
 
$
17,687

 
$
17,729

SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
 
 
 
 
Purchases of property and equipment, including real estate, accrued in accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
$
656

 
$
4,386


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
7

GROUP 1 AUTOMOTIVE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


1. INTERIM FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Business and Organization
Group 1 Automotive, Inc., a Delaware corporation, is a leading operator in the automotive retailing industry with business activities in 15 states in the United States of America (“U.S.”), 13 towns in the United Kingdom (“U.K.”) and two states in Brazil. Group 1 Automotive, Inc. and its subsidiaries are collectively referred to as the “Company” in these Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. The Company, through its regions, sells new and used cars and light trucks; arranges related vehicle financing; sells service and insurance contracts; provides automotive maintenance and repair services; and sells vehicle parts.
As of March 31, 2014, the Company’s U.S. retail network consisted of the following two regions (with the number of dealerships they comprised): (a) the East (48 dealerships in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York and South Carolina), and (b) the West (70 dealerships in California, Kansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas). Each U.S. region is managed by a regional vice president who reports directly to the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and is responsible for the overall performance of their regions. The financial matters of each U.S. region are managed by a regional chief financial officer who reports directly to the Company’s Chief Financial Officer. In addition, as of March 31, 2014, the Company had two international regions: (a) the U.K. region, which consisted of 14 dealerships in the U.K. and (b) the Brazil region, which consisted of 19 dealerships in Brazil. The international regions are also managed locally with direct reporting responsibilities to the Company’s corporate management team.
The Company's operating results are generally subject to changes in the economic environment as well as seasonal variations. Generally there are higher volumes of vehicles sales and service in the second and third calendar quarters of each year in the U.S., in the first and third quarters in the U.K. and during the third and fourth quarters in Brazil. This seasonality is generally attributable to consumer buying trends and the timing of manufacturer new vehicle model introductions. In addition, in some regions of the U.S., vehicle purchases decline during the winter months due to inclement weather. As a result, U.S. revenues and operating income are typically lower in the first and fourth quarters and higher in the second and third quarters. For the U.K., the first and third calendar quarters tend to be stronger, driven by plate change months of March and September. For Brazil, we expect higher volumes in the third and fourth calendar quarters. The first quarter is generally the weakest, driven by heavy consumer vacations and activities associated with Carnival. Other factors unrelated to seasonality, such as changes in economic condition, manufacturer incentive programs, or shifts in governmental taxes or regulations may exaggerate seasonal or cause counter-seasonal fluctuations in our revenues and operating income.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments of a normal and recurring nature considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included in the accompanying unaudited condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Due to seasonality and other factors, the results of operations for the interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results that will be realized for any other interim period or for the entire fiscal year. For further information, refer to the Consolidated Financial Statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 (“2013 Form 10-K”).
All business acquisitions completed during the periods presented have been accounted for using the purchase method of accounting, and their results of operations are included from the effective dates of the closings of the acquisitions. The preliminary allocations of purchase price to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed are assigned and recorded based on estimates of fair value. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Business Segment Information
The Company, through its regions, conducts business in the automotive retailing industry including selling new and used cars and light trucks, arranging related vehicle financing, selling service and insurance contracts, providing automotive maintenance and repair services and selling vehicle parts. The Company has three reportable segments; the U.S., which includes the activities of the Company's corporate office, the U.K. and Brazil. See Note 14, "Segment Information," for additional details regarding the Company's reportable segments.
Variable Interest Entity
In 2013, the Company entered into arrangements to provide a fixed-interest-rate working capital loan and various administrative services to a related-party entity that owns and operates retail automotive dealerships for a variable fee, both of

8

Table of Contents GROUP 1 AUTOMOTIVE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

which constitute variable interests in the entity. The Company's exposure to loss as a result of its involvement in the entity includes the balance outstanding under the loan arrangement. The Company holds no equity ownership interest in the entity. The Company has determined that the entity meets the criteria of a variable interest entity (“VIE”). The terms of the loan and services agreements provide the Company with the right to control the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE's economic performance, the obligation to absorb potentially significant losses of the VIE and the right to receive potentially significant benefits from the VIE. Accordingly, the Company qualified as the VIE's primary beneficiary and consolidated the assets and liabilities of the VIE as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, as well as the results of operations of the VIE beginning on the effective date of the variable interests arrangements to March 31, 2014. The floorplan notes payable liability of the VIE is securitized by the new and used vehicle inventory of the VIE, as well as the associated receivable balances from the sale of such inventory to the extent necessary. The carrying amounts and classification of assets (which can only be used to settle the liabilities of the VIE) and liabilities (for which creditors do not have recourse to the general credit of the Company) are included in the Company's purchase price allocations set forth in Note 2, "Acquisitions and Dispositions." The final allocation of assets and liabilities included in the Company's consolidated statements of financial position for the consolidated VIE as of March 31, 2014, as well as a preliminary allocation as of December 31, 2013, are as follows (in thousands):
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Current assets
 
$
27,182

 
$
24,170

Non-current assets
 
39,777

 
71,033

Total assets
 
$
66,959

 
$
95,203

Current liabilities
 
$
21,662

 
$
21,653

Non-current liabilities
 
23,818

 
25,374

Total liabilities
 
$
45,480

 
$
47,027

2. ACQUISITIONS AND DISPOSITIONS
During the three months ended March 31, 2014, the Company acquired two dealerships in the U.S. and opened a dealership for an awarded franchise in Brazil. Aggregate consideration paid for these acquisitions totaled $52.6 million including associated real estate.
In February 2013, the Company purchased all of the outstanding stock of UAB Motors Particpações S.A. (“UAB Motors”). At the time of acquisition, UAB Motors consisted of 18 dealerships and 22 franchises in Brazil, as well as five collision centers. As discussed in Note 1, "Interim Financial Information," in connection with this acquisition, the Company entered into arrangements that are variable interests in a VIE. The Company qualifies as the primary beneficiary of the VIE. The consolidation of the VIE into the financial statements of the Company was accounted for as a business combination. In addition to the acquisition of UAB Motors, during the three months ended March 31, 2013, the Company acquired certain assets of four dealerships in the U.K. (collectively with the acquisition of UAB Motors, the "2013 Acquisitions"). In conjunction with these acquisitions, the Company incurred $6.5 million of costs, primarily related to professional services associated with the UAB Motors transaction. The Company included these costs in selling, general and administrative expenses ("SG&A") in the Consolidated Statement of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2013.

9

Table of Contents GROUP 1 AUTOMOTIVE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

Aggregate consideration paid for the 2013 Acquisitions totaled $138.2 million, including $58.3 million of cash and 1.39 million shares of the Company's common stock. The Company also assumed debt in conjunction with the 2013 Acquisitions, of which $65.1 million was contemporaneously extinguished. In conjunction with the extinguishment, the Company recognized a loss of $0.8 million that is included in Other Expense, net on the Consolidated Statement of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2013.
The purchase price for the 2013 Acquisitions was allocated as set forth below based upon the consideration paid and the estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date. Goodwill was assigned to the U.K. and Brazil reportable segments in the amounts of $1.5 million and $130.9 million, respectively.
 
 
As of Acquisition Date
 
 
(In thousands)
Inventory
 
$
86,848

Other Current Assets
 
26,632

Property and Equipment
 
24,865

Goodwill & Intangible Franchise Rights
 
214,035

Other assets
 
864

Total Assets
 
$
353,244

Current Liabilities
 
$
116,500

Deferred Income Taxes
 
29,898

Long-term Debt
 
68,639

Total Liabilities
 
$
215,037

The intangible franchise rights are expected to continue for an indefinite period, therefore these rights are not amortized. These intangible assets will be evaluated on an annual basis in accordance with ASC 350. Goodwill represents the excess of consideration paid compared to net assets received in the acquisition. The goodwill relative to the Brazil reportable segment is not currently deductible for tax purposes.
During the three months ended March 31, 2013, the Company sold one dealership in the U.S.
3. DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS AND RISK MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES
The periodic interest rates of the Revolving Credit Facility (as defined in Note 8, “Credit Facilities”), the Real Estate Credit Facility (as defined in Note 9, “Long-term Debt”) and certain variable-rate real estate related borrowings are indexed to the one-month London Inter Bank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) plus an associated company credit risk rate. In order to minimize the earnings variability related to fluctuations in these rates, the Company employs an interest rate hedging strategy, whereby it enters into arrangements with various financial institutional counterparties with investment grade credit ratings, swapping its variable interest rate exposure for a fixed interest rate over terms not to exceed the related variable-rate debt.
The Company presents the fair value of all derivatives on its Consolidated Balance Sheets. The Company measures the fair value of its interest rate derivative instruments utilizing an income approach valuation technique, converting future amounts of cash flows to a single present value in order to obtain a transfer exit price within the bid and ask spread that is most representative of the fair value of its derivative instruments. In measuring fair value, the Company utilizes the option-pricing Black-Scholes present value technique for all of its derivative instruments. This option-pricing technique utilizes a one-month LIBOR forward yield curve, obtained from an independent external service provider, matched to the identical maturity term of the instrument being measured. Observable inputs utilized in the income approach valuation technique incorporate identical contractual notional amounts, fixed coupon rates, periodic terms for interest payments and contract maturity. The fair value estimate of the interest rate derivative instruments also considers the credit risk of the Company for instruments in a liability position or the counterparty for instruments in an asset position. The credit risk is calculated by using the spread between the one-month LIBOR yield curve and the relevant average 10 and 20-year rate according to Standard and Poor’s. The Company has determined the valuation measurement inputs of these derivative instruments to maximize the use of observable inputs that market participants would use in pricing similar or identical instruments and market data obtained from independent sources, which is readily observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the derivative instrument. Further, the valuation measurement inputs minimize the use of unobservable inputs. Accordingly, the Company has

10

Table of Contents GROUP 1 AUTOMOTIVE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

classified the derivatives within Level 2 of the hierarchy framework as described by the Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures Topic of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification.
The related gains or losses on these interest rate derivatives are deferred in stockholders’ equity as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss. These deferred gains and losses are recognized in income in the period in which the related items being hedged are recognized in expense. However, to the extent that the change in value of a derivative contract does not perfectly offset the change in the value of the items being hedged, that ineffective portion is immediately recognized in other income or expense. Monthly contractual settlements of these swap positions are recognized as floorplan or other interest expense in the Company’s accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations. All of the Company’s interest rate hedges are designated as cash flow hedges.
The Company held interest rate swaps in effect as of March 31, 2014 of $450.0 million in notional value that fixed its underlying one-month LIBOR at a weighted average rate of 2.6%. The Company records the majority of the impact of the periodic settlements of these swaps as a component of floorplan interest expense. For the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, the impact of the Company’s interest rate hedges in effect increased floorplan interest expense by $2.4 million in both periods. Total floorplan interest expense was $10.9 million and $9.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
In addition to the $450.0 million of swaps in effect as of March 31, 2014, the Company held ten additional interest rate swaps with forward start dates between December 2014 and December 2016 and expiration dates between December 2017 and December 2019. As of March 31, 2014, the aggregate notional value of these ten forward-starting swaps was $525.0 million, and the weighted average interest rate was 2.7%. The combination of the interest rate swaps currently in effect and these forward-starting swaps is structured such that the notional value in effect at any given time through December 2019 does not exceed $600.0 million, which is less than the Company's expectation for variable rate debt outstanding during such period.
As of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company reflected liabilities from interest rate risk management activities of $25.7 million and $26.1 million, respectively, in its Consolidated Balance Sheets. In addition, as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company reflected $2.3 million and $3.9 million of assets from interest rate risk management activities included in Other Assets in its Consolidated Balance Sheets. Included in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss at March 31, 2014 and 2013 were accumulated unrealized losses, net of income taxes, totaling $14.6 million and $25.2 million, respectively, related to these interest rate swaps.
At March 31, 2014, all of the Company’s derivative contracts that were in effect were determined to be effective. The Company had no gains or losses related to ineffectiveness or amounts excluded from effectiveness testing recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Operations for either the three months ended March 31, 2014 or 2013, respectively. The following table presents the impact during the current and comparative prior year period for the Company's derivative financial instruments on its Consolidated Statements of Operations and Consolidated Balance Sheets.
 
 
Amount of Unrealized Gain (Loss), Net of Tax, Recognized in Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationship
 
2014
 
2013
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Interest rate swap contracts
 
 
$
(2,520
)
 
$
(14
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amount of Loss Reclassified from Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) into
Statements of Operations
Location of Loss Reclassified from Other Comprehensive Loss into Statements of Operations
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Floorplan interest expense
 
 
$
(2,429
)
 
$
(2,420
)
Other interest expense
 
 
$
(355
)
 
$
(313
)
The amount expected to be reclassified out of other comprehensive income (loss) into earnings (through floorplan interest expense or other interest expense) in the next twelve months is $11.1 million.


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Table of Contents GROUP 1 AUTOMOTIVE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

4. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION PLANS
The Company provides stock-based compensation benefits to employees and non-employee directors pursuant to its 2007 Long Term Incentive Plan, as amended (the "Incentive Plan"), as well as to employees pursuant to its 1998 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, as amended (the "Purchase Plan").
2007 Long Term Incentive Plan
The Incentive Plan provides for the issuance of up to 7.5 million shares for grants to non-employee directors, officers and other employees of the Company and its subsidiaries of: (a) options (including options qualified as incentive stock options under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and options that are non-qualified), the exercise price of which may not be less than the fair market value of the common stock on the date of the grant; and (b) stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, performance awards, and bonus stock, each granted at the market price of the Company’s common stock at the date of grant. The Incentive Plan expires on March 8, 2017. The terms of the awards (including vesting schedules) are established by the Compensation Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors. As of March 31, 2014, there were 593,374 shares available for issuance under the Incentive Plan.
Restricted Stock Awards
The Company grants to non-employee directors and certain employees, at no cost to the recipient, restricted stock awards or, at their election, restricted stock units pursuant to the Incentive Plan. Restricted stock awards qualify as participating securities as each contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends. As such, the two-class method is required for the computation of earnings per share. See Note 5, “Earnings Per Share,” for further details. Restricted stock awards are considered outstanding at the date of grant but are subject to vesting periods ranging from six months to five years. Vested restricted stock units, which are not considered outstanding at the grant date, will settle in shares of common stock upon the termination of the grantees’ employment or directorship. In the event an employee or non-employee director terminates his or her employment or directorship with the Company prior to the lapse of the restrictions, the shares, in most cases, will be forfeited to the Company. Compensation expense for these awards is calculated based on the market price of the Company’s common stock at the date of grant and recognized over the requisite service period. Forfeitures are estimated at the time of valuation and reduce expense ratably over the vesting period. This estimate is adjusted annually based on the extent to which actual or expected forfeitures differ from the previous estimate.
A summary of the awards as of March 31, 2014, along with the changes during the nine months then ended, is as follows:
 
 
Awards
 
Weighted Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Nonvested at December 31, 2013
 
933,740

 
$
49.87

Granted
 
211,040

 
64.31

Vested
 
(124,880
)
 
47.41

Forfeited
 
(31,240
)
 
49.23

Nonvested at March 31, 2014
 
988,660

 
$
53.28

Employee Stock Purchase Plan
The Purchase Plan authorizes the issuance of up to 3.5 million shares of common stock and provides that no options to purchase shares may be granted under the Purchase Plan after March 6, 2016. The Purchase Plan is available to all employees of the Company and its participating subsidiaries and is a qualified plan as defined by Section 423 of the Internal Revenue Code. At the end of each fiscal quarter (the “Option Period”) during the term of the Purchase Plan, employees can acquire shares of common stock from the Company at 85% of the fair market value of the common stock on the first or the last day of the Option Period, whichever is lower. As of March 31, 2014, there were 591,514 shares available for issuance under the Purchase Plan. During the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, the Company issued 28,451 and 29,528 shares, respectively, of common stock to employees participating in the Purchase Plan.
The weighted average fair value of employee stock purchase rights issued pursuant to the Purchase Plan was $14.85 and $13.67 during the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The fair value of stock purchase rights is calculated using the grant date stock price, the value of the embedded call option and the value of the embedded put option.
Stock-Based Compensation

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

Total stock-based compensation cost was $3.7 million and $3.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Cash received from Purchase Plan purchases was $1.6 million and $1.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The tax benefit realized for the tax deductions from the vesting of restricted shares, which increased additional paid in capital, totaled $0.7 million for both the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
The Company issues new shares or treasury shares, if available, when restricted stock vests. With respect to shares issued under the Purchase Plan, the Company’s Board of Directors has authorized specific share repurchases to fund the shares issuable under the Purchase Plan.
5. EARNINGS PER SHARE
The two-class method is utilized for the computation of the Company's earnings per share (“EPS”). The two-class method requires a portion of net income to be allocated to participating securities, which are unvested awards of share-based payments with non-forfeitable rights to receive dividends or dividend equivalents, which included the Company’s restricted stock awards. Income allocated to these participating securities is excluded from net earnings available to common shares, as shown in the table below. Basic EPS is computed by dividing net income available to basic common shares by the weighted average number of basic common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing net income available to diluted common shares by the weighted average number of dilutive common shares outstanding during the period.
The following table sets forth the calculation of EPS for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013.
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
2014
 
2013
 
 
 
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
Weighted average basic common shares outstanding
 
23,339

 
22,282

 
Dilutive effect of contingently convertible notes and warrants
 
2,085

 
1,825

 
Dilutive effect of employee stock purchases, net of assumed repurchase of treasury stock
 
4

 
6

 
Weighted average dilutive common shares outstanding
 
25,428

 
24,113

 
Basic:
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income
 
$
31,303

 
$
22,118

 
Less: Earnings allocated to participating securities
 
1,241

 
992

 
Earnings available to basic common shares
 
$
30,062

 
$
21,126

 
Basic earnings per common share
 
$
1.29

 
$
0.95

 
Diluted:
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income
 
$
31,303

 
$
22,118

 
Less: Earnings allocated to participating securities
 
1,156

 
930

 
Earnings available to diluted common shares
 
$
30,147

 
$
21,188

 
Diluted earnings per common share
 
$
1.19

 
$
0.88

 
The weighted average number of stock-based awards not included in the calculation of the dilutive effect of stock-based awards was immaterial for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013.
As discussed in Note 9, “Long-Term Debt” below, the Company is required to include the dilutive effect, if applicable, of the net shares issuable under the 2.25% Notes (as defined in Note 9) and the 2.25% Warrants sold in connection with the 2.25% Notes (“2.25% Warrants”) in its diluted common shares outstanding for the diluted earnings calculation. As a result, the number of shares included in the Company's diluted shares outstanding each period varies based upon the Company's average adjusted closing common stock price during the applicable period. Although the ten-year call options that the Company purchased on its common stock in connection with the issuance of the 2.25% Notes (“2.25% Purchased Options”) have the economic benefit of decreasing the dilutive effect of the 2.25% Notes, the Company cannot factor this benefit into the diluted common shares outstanding for the diluted earnings calculation since the impact would be anti-dilutive. The average adjusted closing price of the Company's common stock for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 was more than the conversion price then in effect at the end of those periods. Therefore, the respective dilutive effect of the 2.25% Notes was included in the computation of diluted EPS for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013. Refer to Note 9, "Long-Term Debt" for a description of the change to the conversion price of the 2.25% Notes, which occurred during the three months ended March 31, 2014 as a result of the Company’s decision to pay a cash dividend in excess of $0.14.

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Table of Contents GROUP 1 AUTOMOTIVE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

In addition, the Company is required to include the dilutive effect, if applicable, of the net shares issuable under the 3.00% Notes (as defined in Note 9, "Long-Term Debt" ) and the 3.00% Warrants sold in connection with the 3.00% Notes (“3.00% Warrants”). As a result, the number of shares included in the Company's diluted shares outstanding each period varies based upon the Company's average adjusted closing common stock price during the applicable period. Although the ten-year call options that the Company purchased on its common stock in connection with the issuance of the 3.00% Notes (“3.00% Purchased Options”) have the economic benefit of decreasing the dilutive effect of the 3.00% Notes, the Company cannot factor this benefit into the diluted common shares outstanding for the diluted earnings calculation since the impact would be anti-dilutive. Since the average price of the Company’s common stock for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, was more than the conversion price then in effect at the end of those periods, the respective dilutive effect of the 3.00% Notes and Warrants was included in the computation of diluted EPS for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013. Refer to Note 9, "Long-Term Debt" for a description of the change to the conversion price of the 3.00% Notes, which occurred during the three months ended March 31, 2014 as a result of the Company’s decision to pay a cash dividend, as well as the convertibility of the 3.00% Notes as of March 31, 2014
6. INCOME TAXES
The Company is subject to U.S. federal income taxes and income taxes in numerous U.S. states. In addition, the Company is subject to income tax in the U.K. and Brazil relative to its foreign subsidiaries. The effective income tax rate of 36.4% of pretax income for the three months ended March 31, 2014 differed from the federal statutory rate of 35.0% due primarily to taxes provided for in the taxable state and foreign jurisdictions in which the Company operates.
As of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company had no unrecognized tax benefits with respect to uncertain tax positions and did not incur any interest and penalties nor did it accrue any interest for the three months ended March 31, 2014. When applicable, consistent with prior practice, the Company recognizes interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense.
Taxable years 2009 and subsequent remain open for examination by the Company’s major taxing jurisdictions.
7. DETAIL OF CERTAIN BALANCE SHEET ACCOUNTS
Accounts and notes receivable consisted of the following: 
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Amounts due from manufacturers
 
$
72,841

 
$
78,131

Parts and service receivables
 
33,248

 
31,950

Finance and insurance receivables
 
18,328

 
19,283

Other
 
9,337

 
8,099

Total accounts and notes receivable
 
133,754

 
137,463

Less allowance for doubtful accounts
 
2,260

 
2,405

Accounts and notes receivable, net
 
$
131,494

 
$
135,058

Inventories consisted of the following: 
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
New vehicles
 
$
1,151,182

 
$
1,165,335

Used vehicles
 
239,177

 
231,960

Rental vehicles
 
89,041

 
88,523

Parts, accessories and other
 
65,083

 
64,156

Total inventories
 
1,544,483

 
1,549,974

Less lower of cost or market reserves
 
7,371

 
7,656

Inventories, net
 
$
1,537,112

 
$
1,542,318


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Table of Contents GROUP 1 AUTOMOTIVE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

New and used vehicles are valued at the lower of specific cost or market and are removed from inventory using the specific identification method. Parts and accessories are valued at lower of cost or market determined on either a first-in, first-out basis or on an average cost basis.
Property and equipment consisted of the following:
 
 
Estimated
Useful Lives
in Years
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
(dollars in thousands)
Land
 
 
$
283,656

 
$
269,778

Buildings
 
30 to 40
 
415,774

 
405,918

Leasehold improvements
 
varies
 
129,811

 
120,531

Machinery and equipment
 
7 to 20
 
81,700

 
79,209

Furniture and fixtures
 
3 to 10
 
74,350

 
70,918

Company vehicles
 
3 to 5
 
8,630

 
8,508

Construction in progress
 
 
20,941

 
19,224

Total
 
 
 
1,014,862

 
974,086

Less accumulated depreciation
 
 
 
187,741

 
177,730

Property and equipment, net
 
 
 
$
827,121

 
$
796,356

During the three months ended March 31, 2014, the Company incurred $16.2 million of capital expenditures for the construction of new or expanded facilities and the purchase of equipment and other fixed assets in the maintenance of the Company’s dealerships and facilities. In addition, the Company purchased real estate during the three months ended March 31, 2014 associated with existing dealership operations totaling $3.0 million. And, in conjunction with the Company’s 2014 acquisitions, the Company acquired $19.2 million of real estate and other property and equipment.
8. CREDIT FACILITIES
In the U.S., the Company has a $1.7 billion revolving syndicated credit arrangement with 25 financial institutions including six manufacturer-affiliated finance companies (“Revolving Credit Facility”). The Company also has a $200.0 million floorplan financing arrangement (“FMCC Facility”) with Ford Motor Credit Company (“FMCC”) for financing of new Ford vehicles in the U.S. and other floor plan financing arrangements with several other automobile manufacturers for financing of a portion of its rental vehicle inventory. In the U.K., the Company has financing arrangements with BMW Financial Services, Volkswagen Finance and FMCC for financing of its new and used vehicles. In Brazil, the Company has financing arrangements for new, used, and rental vehicles with several financial institutions, most of which are manufacturer affiliated. Within the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets, Floorplan notes payable - credit facility and other primarily reflects amounts payable for the purchase of specific new, used and rental vehicle inventory (with the exception of new and rental vehicle purchases financed through lenders affiliated with the respective manufacturer) whereby financing is provided by the Revolving Credit Facility. Floorplan notes payable - manufacturer affiliates reflects amounts related to the purchase of vehicles whereby financing is provided by the FMCC Facility, the financing of rental vehicles in the U.S., as well as the financing of new, used, and rental vehicles in both the U.K. and Brazil. Payments on the floorplan notes payable are generally due as the vehicles are sold. As a result, these obligations are reflected in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets as current liabilities.
Revolving Credit Facility
On June 20, 2013, the Company amended its Revolving Credit Facility principally to increase the total borrowing capacity from $1.35 billion to $1.7 billion and to extend the term from an expiration date of June 1, 2016 to June 20, 2018. The Revolving Credit Facility consists of two tranches, providing a maximum of $1.6 billion for U.S. vehicle inventory floorplan financing (“Floorplan Line”), as well as a maximum of $320.0 million and a minimum of $100.0 million for working capital and general corporate purposes, including acquisitions (“Acquisition Line”). The capacity under these two tranches can be re-designated within the overall $1.7 billion commitment, subject to the aforementioned limits. Up to $125.0 million of the Acquisition Line can be borrowed in either euros or pound sterling. The Revolving Credit Facility can be expanded to a maximum commitment of $1.95 billion, subject to participating lender approval. The Floorplan Line bears interest at rates equal to the one-month LIBOR plus 125 basis points for new vehicle inventory and the one-month LIBOR plus 150 basis points for used vehicle inventory. The Acquisition Line bears interest at the one-month LIBOR plus 150 basis points plus a margin that

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Table of Contents GROUP 1 AUTOMOTIVE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

ranges from zero to 100 basis points for borrowings in U.S. dollars and 150 to 250 basis points on borrowings in euros or pound sterling, depending on the Company’s total adjusted leverage ratio. The Floorplan Line also requires a commitment fee of 0.20% per annum on the unused portion. The Acquisition Line requires a commitment fee ranging from 0.25% to 0.45% per annum, depending on the Company’s total adjusted leverage ratio, based on a minimum commitment of $100.0 million less outstanding borrowings. In conjunction with the Revolving Credit Facility, the Company has $6.4 million of related unamortized costs as of March 31, 2014 that are being amortized over the term of the facility.
After considering the outstanding balance of $1,060.7 million at March 31, 2014, the Company had $319.3 million of available floorplan borrowing capacity under the Floorplan Line. Included in the $319.3 million available borrowings under the Floorplan Line was $33.6 million of immediately available funds. The weighted average interest rate on the Floorplan Line was 1.4% as of March 31, 2014 and of December 31, 2013, under the Revolving Credit Facility, excluding the impact of the Company’s interest rate swaps. Amounts borrowed by the Company under the Floorplan Line for specific vehicle inventory are to be repaid upon the sale of the vehicle financed, and in no case is a borrowing for a vehicle to remain outstanding for greater than one year. With regards to the Acquisition Line, borrowings outstanding as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013 were $50.0 million and $60.0 million, respectively. After considering $31.1 million of outstanding letters of credit and other factors included in the Company’s available borrowing base calculation, there was $198.8 million of available borrowing capacity under the Acquisition Line as of March 31, 2014. The amount of available borrowing capacity under the Acquisition Line is limited from time to time based upon certain debt covenants.
All of the Company’s domestic dealership-owning subsidiaries are co-borrowers under the Revolving Credit Facility. The Company’s obligations under the Revolving Credit Facility are secured by essentially all of the Company's domestic personal property (other than equity interests in dealership-owning subsidiaries), including all motor vehicle inventory and proceeds from the disposition of dealership-owning subsidiaries, excluding inventory financed directly with manufacturer-affiliates and other third party financing institutions. The Revolving Credit Facility contains a number of significant covenants that, among other things, restrict the Company’s ability to make disbursements outside of the ordinary course of business, dispose of assets, incur additional indebtedness, create liens on assets, make investments and engage in mergers or consolidations. The Company is also required to comply with specified financial tests and ratios defined in the Revolving Credit Facility, such as the fixed charge coverage, total adjusted leverage, and senior secured adjusted leverage ratios. Further, the Revolving Credit Facility restricts the Company’s ability to make certain payments, such as dividends or other distributions of assets, properties, cash, rights, obligations or securities (“Restricted Payments”). The Restricted Payments cannot exceed the sum of $125.0 million plus (or minus if negative) (a) one-half of the aggregate consolidated net income for the period beginning on January 1, 2013 and ending on the date of determination and (b) the amount of net cash proceeds received from the sale of capital stock on or after January 1, 2013 and ending on the date of determination less (c) cash dividends and share repurchases (“Restricted Payment Basket”). For purposes of the calculation of the Restricted Payment Basket, net income represents such amounts per the consolidated financial statements adjusted to exclude the Company’s foreign operations, non-cash interest expense, non-cash asset impairment charges, and non-cash stock-based compensation. As of March 31, 2014, the Restricted Payment Basket totaled $158.5 million. As of March 31, 2014, the Company was in compliance with all applicable covenants and ratios under the Revolving Credit Facility.
Ford Motor Credit Company Facility
The FMCC Facility provides for the financing of, and is collateralized by, the Company’s Ford new vehicle inventory, including affiliated brands. This arrangement provides for $200.0 million of floorplan financing and is an evergreen arrangement that may be canceled with 30 days notice by either party. As of March 31, 2014, the Company had an outstanding balance of $174.0 million under the FMCC Facility with an available floorplan borrowing capacity of $26.0 million. This facility bears interest at a rate of Prime plus 150 basis points minus certain incentives. As of March 31, 2014, the interest rate on the FMCC Facility was 4.75% before considering the applicable incentives.
Other Credit Facilities
The Company has credit facilities with BMW Financial Services, Volkswagen Finance and FMCC for the financing of new, used and rental vehicle inventories related to its U.K. operations. These facilities are denominated in pound sterling and are evergreen arrangements that may be canceled with notice by either party and bear interest at a base rate, plus a surcharge that varies based upon the type of vehicle being financed. Dependent upon the type of inventory financed, the interest rates charged on borrowings outstanding under these facilities ranged from 1.14% to 3.95% as of March 31, 2014.
The Company has credit facilities with financial institutions in Brazil, most of which are affiliated with the manufacturers, for the financing of new, used and rental vehicle inventories related to its Brazil operations. These facilities are denominated in Brazilian real and have renewal terms ranging from one month to twelve months. They may be canceled with notice by either party and bear interest at a benchmark rate, plus a surcharge that varies based upon the type of vehicle being

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Table of Contents GROUP 1 AUTOMOTIVE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

financed. As of March 31, 2014, the interest rates charged on borrowings outstanding under these facilities ranged from 14.85% to 19.02%.
Excluding rental vehicles financed through the Revolving Credit Facility, financing for U.S. rental vehicles is typically obtained directly from the automobile manufacturers. These financing arrangements generally require small monthly payments and mature in varying amounts over a period of two years. As of March 31, 2014, the interest rate charged on borrowings related to the Company’s rental vehicle fleet varied up to 4.75%. Rental vehicles are typically transferred to used vehicle inventory when they are removed from rental service and repayment of the borrowing is required at that time.
9. LONG-TERM DEBT
The Company carries its long-term debt at face value, net of applicable discounts. Long-term debt consisted of the following:
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
 
(dollars in thousands)
2.25% Convertible Senior Notes
 
$
162,425

 
$
160,334

3.00% Convertible Senior Notes
 
85,255

 
84,305

Real Estate Credit Facility
 
67,242

 
67,719

Acquisition Line
 
49,970

 
60,000

Other Real Estate Related and Long-Term Debt
 
282,368

 
279,167

Capital lease obligations related to real estate, maturing in varying amounts through June 2034 with a weighted average interest rate of 10.3%
 
46,903

 
47,553

 
 
694,163

 
699,078

Less current maturities of real estate credit facility and other long-term debt
 
29,121

 
35,389

 
 
$
665,042

 
$
663,689

Included in current maturities of long-term debt and short-term financing in the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets as of each of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013 was $0.8 million, of short-term financing that is due within one year of the respective balance sheet date.
Fair Value of Long-Term Debt
The Company’s outstanding 2.25% Convertible Senior Notes due 2036 (“2.25% Notes”) had a fair value of $221.2 million and $231.6 million as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively. The Company’s outstanding 3.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2020 (“3.00% Notes”) had a fair value of $214.8 million and $231.2 million as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively. Of the $282.4 million and $279.2 million other real estate related and long-term debt as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively, $162.2 million and $164.1 million represented fixed interest rate borrowings. The fair value of such fixed interest rate borrowings was $187.9 million and $190.0 million as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively. The fair value estimates are based on Level 2 inputs of the fair value hierarchy available as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013. The Company determined the estimated fair value of its long-term debt using available market information and commonly accepted valuation methodologies. Considerable judgment is required in interpreting market data to develop the estimates of fair value. Accordingly, these estimates are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that the Company, or holders of the instruments, could realize in a current market exchange. The use of different assumptions and/or estimation methodologies could have a material effect on estimated fair values. These amounts have not been revalued since those dates, and current estimates of fair value could differ significantly from the amounts presented. The carrying value of the Company’s variable rate debt approximates fair value due to the short-term nature of the interest rates.

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Table of Contents GROUP 1 AUTOMOTIVE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

2.25% Convertible Senior Notes
As of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the carrying value of the 2.25% Notes, related discount and equity component consisted of the following:
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
 
(In thousands)
Carrying amount of equity component
 
$
65,270

 
$
65,270

Allocated underwriter fees, net of taxes
 
(1,475
)
 
(1,475
)
Allocated debt issuance cost, net of taxes
 
(58
)
 
(58
)
Total net equity component
 
$
63,737

 
$
63,737

Deferred income tax component
 
$
7,281

 
$
8,023

Principal amount of 2.25% Notes
 
$
182,753

 
$
182,753

Unamortized discount
 
(19,562
)
 
(21,574
)
Unamortized underwriter fees
 
(766
)
 
(845
)
Net carrying amount of liability component
 
$
162,425

 
$
160,334

Unamortized debt issuance cost
 
$
30

 
$
33

For the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, the contractual interest expense and the discount amortization, which is recorded as other interest expense in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations, were as follows: 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2014
 
2013
 
 
(dollars in thousands)
Year-to-date contractual interest expense
 
$
1,028

 
$
1,028

Year-to-date discount amortization (1)
 
$
2,012

 
$
1,826

Effective interest rate of liability component
 
7.7
%
 
7.7
%
 
(1)    Represents the incremental impact of the accounting for convertible debt as primarily codified in ASC 470, Debt.
The Company determined the discount using the estimated effective interest rate for similar debt with no convertible features. The original effective interest rate of 7.50% was estimated by comparing debt issuances from companies with similar credit ratings during the same annual period as the Company. The effective interest rate differs from the 7.50% due to the impact of underwriter fees associated with this issuance that were capitalized as an additional discount and are being amortized to interest expense through 2016. The effective interest rate may change in the future as a result of future repurchases of the 2.25% Notes. The Company utilized a ten-year term for the assessment of the fair value of its 2.25% Notes.
The 2.25% Notes are convertible into cash and, if applicable, common stock based on the then-applicable conversion rate under the following circumstances: (a) during any calendar quarter (and only during such calendar quarter), if the closing price of the Company’s common stock for at least 20 trading days in the period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on the last trading day of the immediately preceding fiscal quarter is equal to or more than 130% of the applicable conversion price per share (or $77.08 as of March 31, 2014); (b) during the five business day period after any ten consecutive trading day period in which the trading price per $1,000 principal amount for each day of the ten day trading period was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale/bid price of the Company’s common stock and the conversion rate on that day; and (c) upon the occurrence of specified corporate transactions set forth in the indenture governing the 2.25% Notes (the "2.25% Notes Indenture"). Upon conversion, a holder will receive an amount in cash and, if applicable, shares of the Company’s common stock, determined in the manner set forth in the 2.25% Notes Indenture. The if-converted value of the 2.25% Notes exceeded the principal amount of the 2.25% Notes by $17.5 million at March 31, 2014.
The Company may redeem all or part of the 2.25% Notes if the last reported sale price of the Company's common stock is greater than or equal to 130% of the conversion price then in effect for at least 20 trading days within a period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on the trading day prior to the date on which the Company mails the redemption notice.
As of March 31, 2014, the conversion rate was 16.87 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount of 2.25% Notes, with a conversion price of $59.29 per share, which was reduced during the first quarter of 2014 as the result of the Company’s decision to pay a cash dividend in excess of $0.14 per share. As of March 31, 2014, the exercise price of the 2.25% Warrants, which are related to the issuance of the 2.25% Notes, was reduced to $80.12 due to the Company’s decision to pay a cash dividend in excess of $0.14 per share during the first quarter of 2014. If any cash dividend or distribution is made to all, or

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

substantially all, holders of the Company’s common stock in excess of $0.14 per share in the future, the conversion rate will be further adjusted based on the formula defined in the 2.25% Notes Indenture.
Under the terms of the 2.25% Purchased Options, which become exercisable upon conversion of the 2.25% Notes, the Company has the right to receive a total of 3.1 million shares of its common stock at the conversion price then in effect. The exercise price of the 2.25% Purchased Options is subject to certain adjustments that mirror the adjustments to the conversion price of the 2.25% Notes (including payments of cash dividends in excess of $0.14 per share).
3.00% Convertible Senior Notes
As of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the carrying value of the 3.00% Notes, related discount and equity component consisted of the following
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
 
(In thousands)
Carrying amount of equity component (including temporary equity)
 
$
25,359

 
$
25,359

Allocated underwriter fees, net of taxes
 
(760
)
 
(760
)
Allocated debt issuance cost, net of taxes
 
(112
)
 
(112
)
Total net equity component
 
$
24,487

 
$
24,487

Deferred income tax component
 
$
10,302

 
$
10,625

Principal amount of 3.00% Notes
 
$
115,000

 
$
115,000

Unamortized discount
 
(28,194
)
 
(29,094
)
Unamortized underwriter fees
 
(1,551
)
 
(1,601
)
Net carrying amount of liability component
 
$
85,255

 
$
84,305

Unamortized debt issuance costs
 
$
229

 
$
236

For the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, the contractual interest expense and the discount amortization, which is recorded as interest expense in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations, were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2014
 
2013
 
 
(dollars in thousands)
Year-to-date contractual interest expense
 
$
863

 
$
863

Year-to-date discount amortization (1) 
 
$
899

 
$
785

Effective interest rate of liability component
 
8.6
%
 
8.6
%
(1)    Represents the incremental impact of the accounting for convertible debt as primarily codified in ASC 470, Debt.
The Company determined the discount using the estimated effective interest rate for similar debt with no convertible features. The original effective interest rate of 8.25% was estimated by receiving a range of quotes from the underwriters for the estimated rate that the Company could reasonably expect to issue non-convertible debt for the same tenure. The effective interest rate differs from the 8.25% due to the impact of underwriter fees associated with this issuance that were capitalized as an additional discount and are being amortized to interest expense through 2020. The effective interest rate may change in the future as a result of future repurchases of the 3.00% Notes. The Company utilized a ten-year term for the assessment of the fair value of its 3.00% Notes.
The 3.00% Notes are convertible into cash and, if applicable, common stock based on the then-applicable conversion rate under the following circumstances: (a) during any fiscal quarter (and only during such fiscal quarter), if the last reported sale price of the Company’s common stock for at least 20 trading days in the period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on the last trading day of the immediately preceding fiscal quarter is equal to or more than 130% of the applicable conversion price per share (or $48.37 as of March 31, 2014) (the “3.00% Stock Price Trigger”); (b) during the five business day period after any ten consecutive trading day period in which the trading price per $1,000 principal amount for each day of the ten day trading period was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price of the Company’s common stock and the conversion rate of the 3.00% Notes on that day; and (c) upon the occurrence of specified corporate transactions set forth in the indenture governing the 3.00%  Notes (the "3.00% Notes Indenture"). Upon conversion, a holder will receive an amount in cash and, if applicable, shares of the Company’s common stock, determined in the manner set forth in the 3.00% Notes Indenture.
As a result of the 3.00% Stock Price Trigger on March 31, 2014, the 3.00% Notes are convertible at the option of the holders during the three months ending June 30, 2014. As such, the Company reclassified the redeemable equity portion of the 3.00% Notes to temporary equity from the additional paid-in capital component of permanent equity on the Consolidated

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

Balance Sheet as of March 31, 2014. The debt portion of the 3.00% Notes continued to be classified as a long-term liability as of March 31, 2014, since the Company has the intent and ability to refinance any conversion of the 3.00% Notes with another long-term debt instrument. The combination of the debt portion and temporary equity portion represents the aggregate principal obligation of the 3.00% Notes redeemable at the option of the holders as of March 31, 2014. The if-converted value of the 3.00% Notes exceeded the principal amount of the 3.00% Notes by $85.8 million at March 31, 2014.
As of March 31, 2014, the conversion rate was 26.88 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount of 3.00% Notes, with a conversion price of $37.21 per share, which was reduced during the first quarter of 2014 as the result of the Company’s decision to pay a cash dividend. As of March 31, 2014, the exercise price of the 3.00% Warrants, which are related to the issuance of the 3.00% Notes, was reduced to $54.67 due to the Company’s decision to pay a cash dividend during the first quarter of 2014. If any cash dividend or distribution is made to all, or substantially all, holders of the Company’s common stock in the future, the conversion rate will be further adjusted based on the formula defined in the 3.00% Notes Indenture.
Under the terms of the 3.00% Purchased Options, which become exercisable upon conversion of the 3.00% Notes, the Company has the right to receive a total of 3.1 million shares of its common stock at the conversion price then in effect. The exercise price of the 3.00% Purchased Options is subject to certain adjustments that mirror the adjustments to the conversion price of the 3.00% Notes (including payments of cash dividends).
Real Estate Credit Facility
Group 1 Realty, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, is party to a real estate credit facility with Bank of America, N.A. and Comerica Bank (the “Real Estate Credit Facility”) providing the right for up to $99.1 million of term loans, of which $74.1 million had been used as of March 31, 2014. The term loans can be expanded provided that (a) no default or event of default exists under the Real Estate Credit Facility; (b) the Company obtains commitments from the lenders who would qualify as assignees for such increased amounts; and (c) certain other agreed upon terms and conditions have been satisfied. This facility is guaranteed by the Company and substantially all of the existing and future domestic subsidiaries of the Company and is secured by the real property owned by the Company that is mortgaged under the Real Estate Credit Facility. The Company capitalized $1.1 million debt issuance costs related to the Real Estate Credit Facility that are being amortized over the term of the facility, $0.5 million of which were still unamortized as of March 31, 2014.
The interest rate is equal to (a) the per annum rate equal to one-month LIBOR plus 2.00% per annum, determined on the first day of each month; or (b) 0.95% per annum in excess of the higher of (i) the Bank of America prime rate (adjusted daily on the day specified in the public announcement of such price rate), (ii) the Federal Funds Rate adjusted daily, plus 0.5% or (iii) the per annum rate equal to the one-month LIBOR plus 1.05% per annum. The Federal Funds Rate is the weighted average of the rates on overnight Federal funds transactions with members of the Federal Reserve System arranged by Federal funds brokers on such day, as published by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York on the business day succeeding such day.
The Company is required to make quarterly principal payments equal to 1.25% of the principal amount outstanding and is required to repay the aggregate amount outstanding on the maturity dates of the individual property borrowings, ranging, from December 29, 2015 through February 27, 2017. During the three months ended March 31, 2014, the Company borrowed $0.2 million and made principal payments of $0.7 million on outstanding borrowings from the Real Estate Credit Facility. As of March 31, 2014, borrowings outstanding under the Real Estate Credit Facility totaled $67.2 million, with $3.5 million recorded as a current maturity of long-term debt in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The Real Estate Credit Facility also contains usual and customary provisions limiting the Company’s ability to engage in certain transactions, including limitations on the Company’s ability to incur additional debt, additional liens, make investments, and pay distributions to its stockholders. In addition, the Real Estate Credit Facility requires certain financial covenants that are identical to those contained in the Company’s Revolving Credit Facility. As of March 31, 2014, the Company was in compliance with all applicable covenants and ratios under the Real Estate Credit Facility.
Acquisition Line
See Note 8, "Credit Facilities," for further discussion on the Company's Revolving Credit Facility and Acquisition Line.
Real Estate Related Debt
The Company, as well as certain of its wholly-owned subsidiaries, has entered into separate term mortgage loans in the U.S. with four of its manufacturer-affiliated finance partners, Toyota Motor Credit Corporation (“TMCC”), Mercedes-Benz Financial Services USA, LLC (“MBFS”), BMW Financial Services NA, LLC (“BMWFS”) and FMCC as well as several third-party financial institutions (collectively, “Real Estate Notes”). The Real Estate Notes are on specific buildings and/or properties and are guaranteed by the Company. Each loan was made in connection with, and is secured by mortgage liens on, the real property owned by the Company that is mortgaged under the Real Estate Notes. The Real Estate Notes bear interest at fixed rates between 3.67% and 9.00%, and at variable indexed rates plus a spread between 1.95% and 3.35% per annum. The

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

Company capitalized $1.3 million of related debt issuance costs related to the Real Estate Notes that are being amortized over the terms of the notes, $0.7 million of which were still unamortized as of March 31, 2014.
The loan agreements with TMCC consist of eight term loans. As of March 31, 2014, $51.2 million was outstanding under the TMCC term loans, with $7.0 million classified as a current maturity of long-term debt. These loans will mature by September 2020 and provide for monthly payments based on a 20-year amortization schedule. These eight loans are cross-collateralized and cross-defaulted with each other and are cross-defaulted with the Revolving Credit Facility.
The loan agreements with MBFS consist of three term loans. As of March 31, 2014, $45.1 million was outstanding under the MBFS term loans, with $1.7 million classified as a current maturity of long-term debt. The agreements provide for monthly payments based on a 20-year amortization schedule and will mature by December 2030. These three loans are cross-collateralized and cross-defaulted with each other and are also cross-defaulted with the Revolving Credit Facility.
The loan agreements with BMWFS consist of 14 term loans. As of March 31, 2014, $69.1 million was outstanding under the BMWFS term loans, with $4.2 million classified as a current maturity of long-term debt. The agreements provide for monthly payments based on a 15-year amortization schedule and will mature September 2019. In the case of three properties owned by subsidiaries, the applicable loan is also guaranteed by the subsidiary real property owner. These 14 loans are cross-collateralized with each other. In addition, they are cross-defaulted with each other, the Revolving Credit Facility, and certain dealership franchising agreements with BMW of North America, LLC.
The loan agreements with FMCC consist of 2 term loans. As of March 31, 2014, $19.0 million was outstanding under the FMCC term loans, with $0.8 million classified as a current maturity of long-term debt. The agreements provide for monthly payments based on an 11-year amortization schedule that will mature by January 2024. These 2 loans are cross-defaulted with the Revolving Credit Facility.
In addition, agreements with third-party financial institutions consist of 13 term loans for an aggregate principal amount of $71.9 million, to finance real estate associated with the Company’s dealerships. The loans are being repaid in monthly installments that will mature by November 2022. As of March 31, 2014, borrowings under these notes totaled $63.5 million, with $3.6 million classified as a current maturity of long-term debt. These 13 loans are cross-defaulted with the Revolving Credit Facility.
The Company has also entered into separate term mortgage loans in the U.K. with other third-party financial institutions which are secured by the Company’s U.K. properties. These mortgage loans (collectively, “Foreign Notes”) are being repaid in monthly installments that mature August 2027. As of March 31, 2014, borrowings under the Foreign Notes totaled $30.5 million, with $3.9 million classified as a current maturity of long-term debt in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets.
10. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820 defines fair value as the price that would be received in the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date; requires disclosure of the extent to which fair value is used to measure financial and non-financial assets and liabilities, the inputs utilized in calculating valuation measurements, and the effect of the measurement of significant unobservable inputs on earnings, or changes in net assets, as of the measurement date; establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy based upon the transparency of inputs utilized in the measurement and valuation of financial assets or liabilities as of the measurement date:
Level 1 — unadjusted, quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets;
Level 2 — quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, and inputs other than quoted market prices that are observable or that can be corroborated by observable market data by correlation; and
Level 3 — unobservable inputs based upon the reporting entity’s internally developed assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.
The Company’s financial instruments consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, contracts-in-transit and vehicle receivables, accounts and notes receivable, investments in debt and equity securities, accounts payable, credit facilities, long-term debt and interest rate swaps. The fair values of cash and cash equivalents, contracts-in-transit and vehicle receivables, accounts and notes receivable, accounts payable, and credit facilities approximate their carrying values due to the short-term nature of these instruments or the existence of variable interest rates.
The Company's derivative financial instruments are recorded at fair market value. See Note 3, "Derivative Instruments and Risk Management Activities" for further details regarding the Company's derivative financial instruments.
See Note 9, "Long-term Debt" for details regarding the fair value of the Company's long-term debt.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

The Company evaluated its assets and liabilities for those that met the criteria of the disclosure requirements and fair value framework of ASC 820 and identified interest rate derivative financial instruments as having met such criteria. The respective fair values measured on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively, were as follows:
 
 
As of March 31, 2014
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Total
 
 
(In thousands)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
       Interest rate derivative financial instruments
 
$

 
$
2,254

 
$
2,254

Total
 
$

 
$
2,254

 
$
2,254

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate derivative financial instruments
 
$

 
$
25,661

 
$
25,661

Total
 
$

 
$
25,661

 
$
25,661

 
 
As of December 31, 2013
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Total
 
 
(In thousands)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
       Interest rate derivative financial instruments
 
$

 
$
3,919

 
$
3,919

Total
 
$

 
$
3,919

 
$
3,919

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate derivative financial instruments
 
$

 
$
26,078

 
$
26,078

Total
 
$

 
$
26,078

 
$
26,078

11. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
From time to time, the Company’s dealerships are named in various types of litigation involving customer claims, employment matters, class action claims, purported class action claims, as well as claims involving the manufacturer of automobiles, contractual disputes and other matters arising in the ordinary course of business. Due to the nature of the automotive retailing business, the Company may be involved in legal proceedings or suffer losses that could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business. In the normal course of business, the Company is required to respond to customer, employee and other third-party complaints. Amounts that have been accrued or paid related to the settlement of litigation are included in SG&A expenses in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations. In addition, the manufacturers of the vehicles that the Company sells and services have audit rights allowing them to review the validity of amounts claimed for incentive, rebate or warranty-related items and charge the Company back for amounts determined to be invalid payments under the manufacturers’ programs, subject to the Company’s right to appeal any such decision. Amounts that have been accrued or paid related to the settlement of manufacturer chargebacks of recognized incentives and rebates are included in cost of sales in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations, while such amounts for manufacturer chargebacks of recognized warranty-related items are included as a reduction of revenues in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Legal Proceedings
Currently, the Company is not party to any legal proceedings that, individually or in the aggregate, are reasonably expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company's results of operations, financial condition, or cash flows, including class action lawsuits. However, the results of current, or future, matters cannot be predicted with certainty, and an unfavorable resolution of one or more of such matters could have a material adverse effect on the Company's results of operations, financial condition, or cash flows.
Other Matters
The Company, acting through its subsidiaries, is the lessee under many real estate leases that provide for the use by the Company’s subsidiaries of their respective dealership premises. Pursuant to these leases, the Company’s subsidiaries generally agree to indemnify the lessor and other parties from certain liabilities arising as a result of the use of the leased premises, including environmental liabilities, or a breach of the lease by the lessee. Additionally, from time to time, the Company enters into agreements in connection with the sale of assets or businesses in which it agrees to indemnify the purchaser, or other parties, from certain liabilities or costs arising in connection with the assets or business. Also, in the ordinary course of business in connection with purchases or sales of goods and services, the Company enters into agreements that may contain indemnification provisions. In the event that an indemnification claim is asserted, liability would be limited by the terms of the applicable agreement.
From time to time, primarily in connection with dealership dispositions, the Company’s subsidiaries assign or sublet to the dealership purchaser the subsidiaries’ interests in any real property leases associated with such dealerships. In general, the

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

Company’s subsidiaries retain responsibility for the performance of certain obligations under such leases to the extent that the assignee or sublessee does not perform, whether such performance is required prior to or following the assignment or subletting of the lease. Additionally, the Company and its subsidiaries generally remain subject to the terms of any guarantees made by the Company and its subsidiaries in connection with such leases. Although the Company generally has indemnification rights against the assignee or sublessee in the event of non-performance under these leases, as well as certain defenses, and the Company presently has no reason to believe that it or its subsidiaries will be called on to perform under any such assigned leases or subleases, the Company estimates that lessee rental payment obligations during the remaining terms of these leases were $23.2 million as of March 31, 2014. The Company’s exposure under these leases is difficult to estimate and there can be no assurance that any performance of the Company or its subsidiaries required under these leases would not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition, or cash flows. The Company and its subsidiaries also may be called on to perform other obligations under these leases, such as environmental remediation of the leased premises or repair of the leased premises upon termination of the lease. However, the Company does not have any known material environmental commitments or contingencies and presently has no reason to believe that it or its subsidiaries will be called on to so perform.
In the ordinary course of business, the Company is subject to numerous laws and regulations, including automotive, environmental, health and safety, and other laws and regulations. The Company does not anticipate that the costs of such compliance will have a material adverse effect on its business, consolidated results of operations, financial condition, or cash flows, although such outcome is possible given the nature of its operations and the extensive legal and regulatory framework applicable to its business. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, which was signed into law on July 21, 2010, established a new consumer financial protection agency with broad regulatory powers. Although automotive dealers are generally excluded, the Dodd-Frank Act could lead to additional, indirect regulation of automotive dealers through its regulation of automotive finance companies and other financial institutions. In addition, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, which was signed into law on March 23, 2010, has the potential to increase the Company’s future annual employee health care costs. Further, new laws and regulations, particularly at the federal level, may be enacted, which could also have a materially adverse impact on its business.

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Table of Contents GROUP 1 AUTOMOTIVE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

12. INTANGIBLE FRANCHISE RIGHTS AND GOODWILL
The following is a roll-forward of the Company’s intangible franchise rights and goodwill accounts:
 
Intangible Franchise Rights
 
 
U.S.
 
U.K.
 
Brazil
 
Total
 
 
(In thousands)
 
BALANCE, December 31, 2013
$
216,412

 
$
8,659

 
$
76,434

 
$
301,505

 
Additions through acquisitions
5,524

 

 
 
 
5,524

 
Purchase price allocations adjustments

 

 
(9,061
)
 
(9,061
)
 
Currency Translation

 
79

 
3,127

 
3,206

 
BALANCE, March 31, 2014
$
221,936

 
$
8,738

 
$
70,500

 
$
301,174

 
 

 
Goodwill
 
 
U.S.
 
U.K.
 
Brazil
 
Total
 
 
(In thousands)
 
BALANCE, December 31, 2013
$
612,468

 
$
19,602

 
$
105,233

 
$
737,303

(1) 
Additions through acquisitions
13

 

 

 
13

 
Purchase price allocations adjustments
(668
)
 

 
5,976

 
5,308

 
Currency Translation

 
179

 
4,305

 
4,484

 
Tax adjustments
(17
)
 

 

 
(17
)
 
BALANCE, March 31, 2014
$
611,796

 
$
19,781

 
$
115,514

 
$
747,091

(1) 
(1) Net of accumulated impairment of $40.3 million.
 
The increase in the Company’s goodwill was primarily due to adjustments to preliminary purchase price allocations in the Brazil segment.

13. ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
Changes in the balances of each component of accumulated other comprehensive loss for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 were as follows: 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2014
 
 
Accumulated foreign currency translation loss
 
Accumulated loss on interest rate swaps
 
Total
 
 
(In thousands)
Balance, December 31, 2013
 
$
(37,827
)
 
$
(13,850
)
 
$
(51,677
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications:
 
 
 
 
 

Pre-tax
 
8,215

 
(4,032
)
 
4,183

Tax effect
 

 
1,512

 
1,512

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income to:
 
 
 
 
 


Floorplan interest expense
 

 
2,429

 
2,429

Other interest expense
 

 
355

 
355

Tax effect
 

 
(1,044
)
 
(1,044
)
Net current period other comprehensive income
 
8,215

 
(780
)
 
7,435

Balance, March 31, 2014
 
$
(29,612
)
 
$
(14,630
)
 
$
(44,242
)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2013
 
 
Accumulated foreign currency translation loss
 
Accumulated loss on interest rate swaps
 
Total
 
 
(In thousands)
Balance, December 31, 2012
 
$
(6,126
)
 
$
(26,931
)
 
$
(33,057
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pre-tax
 
(7,456
)
 
(22
)
 
(7,478
)
Tax effect
 

 
8

 
8

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income to:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Floorplan interest expense
 

 
2,420

 
2,420

Other interest expense
 

 
313

 
313

Tax effect
 

 
(1,025
)
 
(1,025
)
Net current period other comprehensive (loss) income
 
(7,456
)
 
1,694

 
(5,762
)
Balance, March 31, 2013
 
$
(13,582
)
 
$
(25,237
)
 
$
(38,819
)


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Table of Contents GROUP 1 AUTOMOTIVE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

14. SEGMENT INFORMATION
As of March 31, 2014, the Company had three reportable segments: (1) the U.S., (2) the U.K., and (3) Brazil. Each of the reportable segments is comprised of retail automotive franchises, which sell new vehicles, used vehicles, parts and automotive services, finance and insurance products, and collision centers. The vast majority of the Company's corporate activities are associated with the operations of the U.S. operating segments and therefore the corporate financial results are included within the U.S. reportable segment.
The reportable segments identified above are the business activities of the Company for which discrete financial information is available and for which operating results are regularly reviewed by our chief operating decision maker to allocate resources and assess performance. Our chief operating decision maker is our Chief Executive Officer. Reportable segment revenue, income (loss) before income taxes, provision for income taxes and net income (loss) were as follows for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013:
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2014
 
U.S.
 
U.K.
 
Brazil
 
Total
 
(In thousands)
Total revenues
$
1,834,626

 
$
247,701

 
$
178,536

 
$
2,260,863

Income (loss) before income taxes
45,862

 
4,617

 
(1,266
)
 
49,213

Provision for income taxes
(16,828
)
 
(965
)
 
(117
)
 
(17,910
)
Net income (loss)
29,034

 
3,652

 
(1,383
)
 
31,303


 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2013
 
U.S.
 
U.K.
 
Brazil (1)
 
Total
 
(In thousands)
Total revenues
$
1,721,787

 
$
171,078

 
$
70,967

 
$
1,963,832

Income (loss) before income taxes
38,553

 
2,004

 
(1,309
)
 
39,248

Provision for income taxes
17,089

 
488

 
(447
)
 
(17,130
)
Net income (loss)
21,464

 
1,516

 
(862
)
 
22,118

(1) Represents financial data from date of acquisition on February 28, 2013.

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Form 10-Q”) includes certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 (“Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”). This information includes statements regarding our plans, goals or current expectations with respect to, among other things:
our future operating performance;
our ability to maintain or improve our margins;
operating cash flows and availability of capital;
the completion of future acquisitions;
the future revenues of acquired dealerships;
future stock repurchases, refinancing of convertible notes and dividends;
future capital expenditures;
changes in sales volumes and availability of credit for customer financing in new and used vehicles and sales volumes in the parts and service markets;
business trends in the retail automotive industry, including the level of manufacturer incentives, new and used vehicle retail sales volume, customer demand, interest rates and changes in industry-wide inventory levels; and
availability of financing for inventory, working capital, real estate and capital expenditures.
Although we believe that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable when and as made, we cannot assure you that these expectations will prove to be correct. When used in this Form 10-Q, the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” "intend," “may” and similar expressions, as they relate to our company and management, are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Our forward-looking statements are not assurances of future performance and involve risks and uncertainties (some of which are beyond our control). Actual results may differ materially from anticipated results in the forward-looking statements for a number of reasons, including:
future deterioration in the economic environment, including consumer confidence, interest rates, the price of gasoline, the level of manufacturer incentives and the availability of consumer credit may affect the demand for new and used vehicles, replacement parts, maintenance and repair services and finance and insurance products;
adverse domestic and international developments such as war, terrorism, political conflicts or other hostilities may adversely affect the demand for our products and services;
the existing and future regulatory environment, including legislation related to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, climate control changes legislation, and unexpected litigation or adverse legislation, including changes in state franchise laws, may impose additional costs on us or otherwise adversely affect us;
a concentration of risk associated with our principal automobile manufacturers, especially Toyota, Nissan, Honda, BMW, Ford, Daimler, General Motors, Chrysler, and Volkswagen, because of financial distress, bankruptcy, natural disasters that disrupt production or other reasons, may not continue to produce or make available to us vehicles that are in high demand by our customers or provide financing, insurance, advertising or other assistance to us;
restructuring by one or more of our principal manufacturers, up to and including bankruptcy may cause us to suffer financial loss in the form of uncollectible receivables, devalued inventory or loss of franchises;
requirements imposed on us by our manufacturers may require dispositions, limit our acquisitions or increases in the level of capital expenditures related to our dealership facilities;
our existing and/or new dealership operations may not perform at expected levels or achieve expected improvements;
our failure to achieve expected future cost savings or future costs may be higher than we expect;
manufacturer quality issues may negatively impact vehicle sales and brand reputation;

25


available capital resources, increases in cost of financing (such as higher interest rates) and our various debt agreements may limit our ability to complete acquisitions, complete construction of new or expanded facilities, repurchase shares or pay dividends;
our ability to refinance or obtain financing in the future may be limited and the cost of financing could increase significantly;
foreign exchange controls and currency fluctuations;
new accounting standards could materially impact our reported earnings per share;
our ability to acquire new dealerships and successfully integrate those dealerships into our business;
the impairment of our goodwill, our indefinite-lived intangibles and our other long-lived assets;
natural disasters and adverse weather events;
our foreign operations and sales in the U.K. and Brazil, which pose additional risks;
the inability to adjust our cost structure to offset any reduction in the demand for our products and services;
our loss of key personnel;
competition in our industry may impact our operations or our ability to complete additional acquisitions;
the failure to achieve expected sales volumes from our new franchises;
insurance costs could increase significantly and all of our losses may not be covered by insurance; and
our inability to obtain inventory of new and used vehicles and parts, including imported inventory, at the cost, or in the volume, we expect.
For additional information regarding known material factors that could cause our actual results to differ from our projected results, please see Part I, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our 2013 Form 10-K.
Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. We undertake no responsibility to publicly release the result of any revision of our forward-looking statements after the date they are made.


26


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results may differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements because of various factors. See “Cautionary Statement about Forward-Looking Statements.”
Overview
We are a leading operator in the automotive retail industry. Through our dealerships, we sell new and used cars and light trucks; arrange related vehicle financing; sell service and insurance contracts; provide automotive maintenance and repair services; and sell vehicle parts. We are aligned into four geographic regions: the East and West Regions in the United States ("U.S."), the United Kingdom ("U.K.") Region, and the Brazil Region. Each region represents an operating segment. Each U.S. region is managed by a regional vice president who reports directly to our Chief Executive Officer and is responsible for the overall performance of their regions. The financial matters of each U.S. region are managed by a regional chief financial officer who reports directly to our Chief Financial Officer. Further, the East and West Regions of the U.S. continue to be economically similar in that they deliver the same products and services to a common customer group, their customers are generally individuals, they follow the same procedures and methods in managing their operations, and they operate in similar regulatory environments. As such, the East and West regions of the U.S. are aggregated into one reportable segment, resulting in three reportable segments: the U.S., which includes the activities of our corporate office, the U.K. and Brazil.
As of March 31, 2014, we owned and operated 191 franchises, representing 34 brands of automobiles, at 151 dealership locations and 37 collision centers worldwide. We own 149 franchises at 118 dealerships and 28 collision centers in the U.S., 19 franchises at 14 dealerships and four collision centers in the U.K. as well as 23 franchises at 19 dealerships and five collision centers in Brazil. Our operations are primarily located in major metropolitan areas in Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Oklahoma, South Carolina and Texas in the U.S., in 13 towns of the U.K. and in key metropolitan markets in the states of Sao Paulo and Parana in Brazil.
Outlook
During the three months ended March 31, 2014, consumer demand for new and used vehicles in the U.S. improved over the same period in 2013. According to industry experts, the average seasonally adjusted annual rate of sales (“SAAR”) in the U.S. for the three months ended March 31, 2014 was 15.6 million units, compared to 15.3 million units for the three months ended March 31, 2013. We believe that the improving economic trends provide opportunities for us to improve our operating results as we: (a) expand our new and used vehicle unit sales and improve our sales efficiency; (b) continue to focus on our higher margin parts and service business, implementing strategic selling methods, and improving operational efficiencies; (c) invest capital where necessary to support our anticipated growth, particularly in our parts and service business; and (d) further leverage our revenue and gross profit growth through continued cost controls.
The U.K. economy represents the sixth largest economy in the world. The U.K. automotive sales market continues to outperform the rest of Europe. Vehicle registrations in the U.K. increased 13.7% in the three months ended March 31, 2014, when compared to the same period a year ago. Sustainable growth is expected for the remainder of 2014 with new vehicle sales continuing to improve.
The Brazilian economy represents the seventh largest in the world and recently has been one of the fastest growing economies in the world. However, the Brazilian economy is facing many challenges and is currently not demonstrating significant growth. Over the last 12 months, inflation and interest rates have risen and the value of the Brazilian real compared to the U.S. dollar has declined. Retail automotive industry sales in Brazil declined 1.7% during the three months ended March 31, 2014 as compared to the same period a year ago. We expect industry sales in Brazil to be flat in 2014, but we remain optimistic for growth in the longer term.
Our operations have generated, and we believe that our operations will continue to generate, positive cash flow. As such, we are focused on maximizing the return that we generate from our invested capital and positioning our balance sheet to take advantage of investment opportunities as they arise. We remain committed to our growth-by-acquisition strategy. We believe that significant opportunities exist to enhance our portfolio with dealerships that meet our stringent investment criteria in the U.S., U.K. and Brazil. During the first three months of 2014, we completed the acquisition of two dealerships in the U.S. and opened a dealership for an awarded franchise in Brazil. We will continue to pursue dealership investment opportunities that we believe will add value for our stockholders.
We continue to closely scrutinize all planned future capital spending and work closely with our original equipment manufacturer (“OEM”) partners in this area to make prudent investment decisions that are expected to generate an adequate return and/or improve the customer experience. We anticipate that our capital spending for the year of 2014 will be no more than $95.0 million.


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Financial and Operational Highlights
Our operating results reflect the combined performance of each of our interrelated business activities, which include the sale of new vehicles, used vehicles, finance and insurance products, and parts, as well as maintenance and collision repair services. Historically, each of these activities has been directly or indirectly impacted by a variety of supply/demand factors, including vehicle inventories, consumer confidence, discretionary spending, availability and affordability of consumer credit, manufacturer incentives, weather patterns, fuel prices and interest rates. For example, during periods of sustained economic downturn or significant supply/demand imbalances, new vehicle sales may be negatively impacted as consumers tend to shift their purchases to used vehicles. Some consumers may even delay their purchasing decisions altogether, electing instead to repair their existing vehicles. In such cases, however, we believe the new vehicle sales impact on our overall business is mitigated by our ability to offer other products and services, such as used vehicles and parts, as well as maintenance and collision repair services. In addition, our ability to reduce our costs in response to lower sales also tempers the impact of lower new vehicle sales volume.
In the U.S., we generally experience higher volumes of vehicle sales and service in the second and third calendar quarters of each year. This seasonality is generally attributable to consumer buying trends and the timing of manufacturer new vehicle model introductions. In addition, in some regions of the U.S., vehicle purchases decline during the winter months due to inclement weather. As a result, our U.S. revenues and operating income are typically lower in the first and fourth quarters and higher in the second and third quarters. For the U.K., the first and third calendar quarters tend to be stronger, driven by plate change months of March and September. For Brazil, we expect higher volumes in the third and fourth calendar quarters. The first quarter is generally the weakest, driven by heavy consumer vacations and activities associated with Carnival. Other factors unrelated to seasonality, such as changes in economic condition and manufacturer incentive programs, may exaggerate seasonal or cause counter-seasonal fluctuations in our revenues and operating income.
For the three months ended March 31, 2014, total revenues increased 15.1% from 2013 levels to $2.3 billion and gross profit improved 12.5% to $338.1 million over the prior year period. Operating income increased from 2013 levels by 20.5% to $70.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014. Income before income taxes increased to $49.2 million for the first quarter of 2014, which was a 25.4% improvement over the comparable prior year period. For the three months ended March 31, 2014, we realized a 41.5% improvement in net income to $31.3 million and a 35.2% increase in diluted income per share to $1.19. For the three months ended March 31, 2014, our weighted average dilutive common shares outstanding increased 5.5% over the prior year period to 25.4 million. This increase was primarily the result of the increase in dilution from the potential conversion of our 3.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2020 ("3.00% Notes") and 2.25% Convertible Senior Notes due 2036 ("2.25% Notes"), which mirrors the rise in our average stock price during the first quarter of 2014 from levels during the same period in 2013. The share dilution calculation does not include the beneficial impact of the call spreads that we have in place. A complete presentation of the dilutive effect of the 3.00% Notes and 2.25% Notes can be found in the Liquidity and Capital Resources section of this Item 2. Our net cash provided by operations was $133.2 million and $61.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, and 2013, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2014, our adjusted net cash provided by operations was $69.7 million compared to $98.1 million in the same period in 2013. See further explanation of the adjusted cash flow metrics in the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section of this Item 2.

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Key Performance Indicators
Consolidated Statistical Data
The following table highlights certain of the key performance indicators we use to manage our business.
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2014
 
2013
Unit Sales
 
 
 
 
Retail Sales
 
 
 
 
New Vehicle
 
37,749

 
33,096

Used Vehicle
 
26,877

 
23,238

Total Retail Sales
 
64,626

 
56,334

Wholesale Sales
 
12,784

 
11,335

Total Vehicle Sales
 
77,410

 
67,669

Gross Margin
 
 
 
 
New Vehicle Retail Sales
 
5.3
%
 
5.6
%
Total Used Vehicle Sales
 
7.2
%
 
7.8
%
Parts and Service Sales
 
52.6
%
 
52.6
%
Total Gross Margin
 
15.0
%
 
15.3
%
SG&A(1) as a % of Gross Profit
 
76.2
%
 
77.7
%
Operating Margin
 
3.1
%
 
3.0
%
Pretax Margin
 
2.2
%
 
2.0
%
Finance and Insurance Revenues per Retail Unit Sold
 
$
1,294

 
$
1,245

(1) 
Selling, general and administrative expenses.
The following discussion briefly highlights certain of the results and trends occurring within our business. Throughout the following discussion, references are made to Same Store results and variances which are discussed in more detail in the “Results of Operations” section that follows.
U.S. SAAR rose from an average of 15.3 million units for the three months ended March 31, 2013 to 15.6 million units for the same period in 2014, an increase of 2.0%. Our consolidated new vehicle retail sales revenues increased 14.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the same period in 2013. This growth primarily reflects an increase in new vehicle unit sales of 14.1%, for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the same period in 2013, as a result of stronger consumer confidence in the U.S., better industry conditions in the U.K., dealership acquisition activity, improved inventory levels and the execution of initiatives made by our operating team, partially offset by the impact of severe winter weather in January and February in the U.S. New vehicle retail gross margin declined 30 basis points to 5.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the same period in 2013 as gross profit per retail unit sold decreased in most of our brands, primarily reflecting the increasingly competitive nature of the U.S. industry.
Our used vehicle results are directly affected by economic conditions, the level of manufacturer incentives on new vehicles and new vehicle financing, the number and quality of trade-ins and lease turn-ins, the availability of consumer credit, and our ability to effectively manage the level and quality of our overall used vehicle inventory. Our used vehicle retail sales revenues increased 16.7% for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the same period in 2013. This growth primarily reflects increases in the used vehicle retail unit sales of 15.7%, as compared to the same period in 2013, including the full three-month impact of our dealership acquisitions in the U.K. and Brazil in the first quarter of 2013, as well as our other 2013 and 2014 acquisitions. The improving economic environment in the U.S. and the U.K. that has benefited new vehicle sales also supported improved used vehicle demand. Used vehicle retail gross margin declined 70 basis points for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the same period in 2013. Used vehicle margins are generally lower in our U.K. and Brazil segments, therefore, the decline in consolidated used vehicle gross margin partially relates to the mix shift effect, as a result of a larger contribution from these foreign segments.
Our parts and service sales increased 13.4% for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the same period in 2013. This growth was driven by increases in all aspects of our business: customer-pay, wholesale parts, collision, and warranty. Our parts and service gross margin remained flat at 52.6% for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the same period in 2013.

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Our consolidated finance and insurance revenues per retail unit ("PRU") sold increased $49 for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the same period in 2013, primarily as a result of higher income per contract from our major product offerings in the U.S., better penetration rates for our major product offerings in the U.S. and PRU growth in both the U.K. and Brazil segments. These improvements were partially offset by the mix effect of increased business in the U.K. and Brazil where income per retail unit sold tends to be lower.
Our total gross margin decreased 30 basis points for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the same period in 2013, primarily due to declines in our new and used vehicle retail margins in the U.S. and the growing contribution from our foreign segments, which generally realize lower total gross margin.
Our consolidated SG&A expenses decreased as a percentage of gross profit by 150 basis points to 76.2% for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the same period in 2013, reflecting the leverage of our cost structure realized with the improved revenue and gross profit and the impact of business acquisition costs incurred in 2013, partially offset by unfavorable country mix and the impact of severe winter weather in the U.S. which drove higher costs for snow removal and wages paid during store closures.
For the three months ended March 31, 2014, floorplan interest expense increased 16.5%, as compared to the same period in 2013, primarily as a result of an increase in our floorplan borrowings from dealership acquisitions, particularly the 2013 acquisition of UAB Motors Particpações S.A. (“UAB Motors”), and expanded inventory levels necessary to support higher sales rates. Other interest expense, net increased 13.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to the same period in 2013, primarily reflecting increased mortgage borrowings as a result of dealership acquisitions, as well as working capital borrowings.
We address these items further, and other variances between the periods presented, in the “Results of Operations” section below.
Critical Accounting Policies and Accounting Estimates
The preparation of our Consolidated Financial Statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions.
We disclosed certain critical accounting policies and estimates in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 (the "2013 Form 10-K"), and no significant changes have occurred since that time.

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Results of Operations
The following tables present comparative financial and non-financial data for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 of (a) our “Same Store” locations, (b) those locations acquired or disposed of during the periods (“Transactions”), and (c) the consolidated company. Same Store amounts include the results of dealerships for the identical months in each period presented in the comparison, commencing with the first full month in which the dealership was owned by us and, in the case of dispositions, ending with the last full month it was owned by us. Same Store results also include the activities of our corporate headquarters.
Total Same Store Data
(dollars in thousands, except per unit amounts)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
2014
 
% Change
 
2013
 
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
New vehicle retail
 
$
1,114,243

 
4.2%
 
$
1,069,157

 
Used vehicle retail
 
490,862

 
7.4%
 
456,866

 
Used vehicle wholesale
 
79,910

 
11.0%
 
72,001

 
Parts and service
 
241,273

 
6.3%
 
226,938

 
Finance, insurance and other
 
78,266

 
15.4%
 
67,849

 
Total revenues
 
$
2,004,554

 
5.9%
 
$
1,892,811

 
Cost of Sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
New vehicle retail
 
$
1,055,881

 
4.7%
 
$
1,008,038

 
Used vehicle retail
 
452,862

 
8.4%
 
417,860

 
Used vehicle wholesale
 
77,074

 
10.8%
 
69,592

 
Parts and service
 
113,887

 
5.8%
 
107,601

 
Total cost of sales
 
$
1,699,704

 
6.0%
 
$
1,603,091

 
Gross profit
 
$
304,850

 
5.2%
 
$
289,720

 
SG&A
 
$
228,338

 
1.9%
 
$
224,129

 
Depreciation and amortization expenses
 
$
8,930

 
8.4%
 
$
8,236

 
Floorplan interest expense
 
$
9,136

 
(0.2)%
 
$
9,158

 
Gross Margin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
New vehicle retail
 
5.2
%
 
 
 
5.7
%
 
Total used vehicle
 
7.2
%
 
 
 
7.8
%
 
Parts and service
 
52.8
%
 
 
 
52.6
%
 
Total gross margin
 
15.2
%
 
 
 
15.3
%
 
SG&A as a % of gross profit
 
74.9
%
 
 
 
77.4
%
 
Operating margin
 
3.4
%
 
 
 
3.0
%
 
Finance and insurance revenues per retail unit sold
 
$
1,391

 
10.8%
 
$
1,255

 
The discussion that follows provides explanation for the variances noted above. In addition, each table presents by primary income statement line item comparative financial and non-financial data of our Same Store locations, those locations acquired or disposed of (“Transactions”) during the periods and the consolidated company for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013.


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New Vehicle Retail Data
(dollars in thousands, except per unit amounts)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
2014
 
% Change
 
2013
 
Retail Unit Sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Same Stores
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
 
28,116

 
3.1%
 
27,269

 
U.K.
 
3,329

 
17.8%
 
2,827

 
Brazil
 
1,243

 
(16.6)%
 
1,491

 
Total Same Stores
 
32,688

 
3.5%
 
31,587

 
Transactions