EX-13 6 dex13.htm ANNUAL REPORT FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2010 Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2010

Exhibit 13
FIVE-YEAR SUMMARY

 

 

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)   2010     2009     2008     2007     2006  

For the year

                   

Net sales

  $ 54,326     $ 52,425     $ 59,119     $ 54,876     $ 47,940  

Research and development

    1,746       1,558       1,771       1,678       1,529  

Restructuring and other costs

    443       830       357       166       288  

Net income

    4,711       4,179       5,053       4,548       3,998  

Net income attributable to common shareowners

    4,373       3,829       4,689       4,224       3,732  

Earnings per share:

                   

Basic:

                   

Net income attributable to common shareowners

    4.82       4.17       5.00       4.38       3.81  

Diluted:

                   

Net income attributable to common shareowners

    4.74       4.12       4.90       4.27       3.71  

Cash dividends per common share

    1.70       1.54       1.35       1.17       1.02  

Average number of shares of Common Stock outstanding:

                   

Basic

    908       917       938       964       980  

Diluted

    923       929       956       989       1,006  

Cash flow from operations

    5,906       5,353       6,161       5,330       4,803  

Capital expenditures

    865       826       1,216       1,153       954  

Acquisitions, including debt assumed 4 

    2,797       703       1,448       2,336       1,049  

Repurchase of Common Stock

    2,200       1,100       3,160       2,001       2,068  

Dividends paid on Common Stock 1 

    1,482       1,356       1,210       1,080       951  

At year end

                   

Working capital

  $ 5,778     $ 5,281     $ 4,665     $ 4,602     $ 3,636  

Total assets 2,4

    58,493       55,762       56,837       54,888       47,382  

Long-term debt, including current portion 3 

    10,173       9,490       10,453       8,063       7,074  

Total debt 3 

    10,289       9,744       11,476       9,148       7,931  

Debt to total capitalization 2,3

    32%        32%        41%        29%        30%   

Total equity 2,3

    22,332       20,999       16,681       22,064       18,133  

Number of employees 4 

    208,200       206,700       223,100       225,600       214,500  

 

Note 1 Excludes dividends paid on Employee Stock Ownership Plan Common Stock.
Note 2 During 2006, we adopted the accounting related to Employers’ Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans which resulted in an approximately $1.8 billion non-cash charge to equity and a $2.4 billion non-cash reduction to total assets. In addition, we early-adopted the measurement date provisions of this standard effective January 1, 2007, which increased shareowners’ equity by approximately $425 million and decreased long-term liabilities by approximately $620 million.
Note 3 The increase in the 2008 debt to total capitalization ratio, as compared to 2007, reflects unrealized losses of approximately $4.2 billion, net of taxes, associated with the effect of market conditions on our pension plans, and the 2008 debt issuances totaling $2.25 billion. The decrease in the 2009 debt to total capitalization ratio, as compared to 2008, reflects the reversal of unrealized losses in our pension plans of approximately $1.1 billion, the beneficial impact of foreign exchange rate movement of approximately $1.0 billion, and the reduction of approximately $1.7 billion of total debt.
Note 4 The increase in 2010, as compared with 2009, includes the impact of acquisitions across the company, most notably the 2010 acquisition of the GE Security business within the UTC Fire & Security segment. The increase in the number of employees in 2010 associated with acquisition activity was partially offset by headcount reductions associated with initiated restructuring actions.

 

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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Business Overview

We are a global provider of high technology products and services to the building systems and aerospace industries. Our operations are classified into six principal business segments: Otis, Carrier, UTC Fire & Security, Pratt & Whitney, Hamilton Sundstrand and Sikorsky. Otis, Carrier and UTC Fire & Security are collectively referred to as the “commercial businesses,” while Pratt & Whitney, Hamilton Sundstrand and Sikorsky are collectively referred to as the “aerospace businesses.” Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior year amounts to conform to the current year presentation. We previously reported “Other income, net,” which included “Interest income,” as a component of “Revenues.” “Other income, net,” excluding “Interest income,” is now reflected as a component of “Costs, Expenses and Other,” while “Interest income” is now netted with “Interest expense” for financial statement presentation.

The commercial businesses generally serve customers in the worldwide commercial and residential property industries, although Carrier also serves customers in the commercial and transport refrigeration industries. The aerospace businesses serve commercial and government aerospace customers in both the original equipment and aftermarket parts and services markets. In addition, a portion of these businesses serve customers in certain industrial markets. Our consolidated net sales were derived from the commercial and aerospace businesses as follows (sales from Hamilton Sundstrand’s and Pratt & Whitney’s industrial markets are included in “commercial and industrial”):

 

     2010     2009     2008  

Commercial and industrial

    57%        58%        61%   

Military aerospace and space

    21%        21%        17%   

Commercial aerospace

    22%        21%        22%   
      100%        100%        100%   

In each of 2010 and 2009, approximately 58% of our consolidated sales were original equipment and 42% were aftermarket parts and services, while in 2008 the amounts were 60% and 40%, respectively.

As worldwide businesses, our operations can be affected by industrial, economic and political factors on both a regional and global level. To limit the impact of any one industry or the economy of any single country on our consolidated operating results, our strategy has been, and continues to be, the maintenance of a balanced and diversified portfolio of businesses. Our businesses include both commercial and aerospace operations, original equipment manufacturing

(OEM) and extensive related aftermarket parts and services businesses, as well as the combination of shorter cycles in our commercial and industrial businesses, particularly Carrier, and longer cycles in our aerospace businesses. Our customers include companies in the private sector and governments, and our businesses reflect an extensive geographic diversification that has evolved with the continued globalization of world economies. The composition of net sales from outside the United States, including U.S. export sales, in dollars and as a percentage of total segment sales, is as follows:

 

(Dollars in millions)   2010     2009     2008     2010     2009     2008  

Europe

  $ 11,957     $ 12,216     $ 15,129       22%        23%        25%   

Asia Pacific

    7,986       7,173       8,218       14%        14%        14%   

Other Non-U.S.

    5,374       4,991       6,432       10%        9%        11%   

U.S. Exports

    7,724       6,996       7,262       14%        13%        12%   

International segment sales

  $ 33,041     $ 31,376     $ 37,041       60%        59%        62%   

As part of our growth strategy, we invest in businesses in certain countries that carry high levels of currency, political and/or economic risk, such as Argentina, Brazil, China, India, Mexico, Russia, South Africa and countries in the Middle East. At December 31, 2010, the net assets in any one of these countries did not exceed 7% of consolidated shareowners’ equity.

The global economy, which experienced a significant downturn through 2008 and 2009, began showing signs of gradual improvement in 2010; however, the overall rate of global recovery experienced during the course of 2010 has been uneven. Global gross domestic product growth in 2010 was led by emerging markets. In the developed economies, particularly in Europe where the recovery is sluggish, the unwinding of fiscal stimuli and lingering high unemployment have encouraged the use of expansionary monetary policies to sustain economic recoveries. Although consumer confidence in the U.S. has improved since the economic downturn, it remains low, while unemployment remains high and the housing market depressed. Conversely, global aerospace markets are trending favorably with commercial airline traffic, pricing, and capacity utilization continuing to increase. We are beginning to see a modest recovery in the commercial construction markets in the U.S., although, globally, construction markets remain generally weak, with the exception of some emerging markets. The combination of these market factors led to consolidated net sales growth of 4%, when compared with 2009, including 2% organic sales growth. The organic sales growth was led by increases at Carrier, Sikorsky and at Pratt & Whitney. These net increases more than offset the organic sales contraction at both Otis and UTC Fire & Security as certain of their markets have been slower to recover from the economic downturn.


 

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Despite the uneven economic recovery throughout 2010, our fourth quarter short cycle shipments and order rates were robust and consistent with our expectations for sales growth in 2011. In the fourth quarter of 2010, as compared with the same period in 2009, commercial aerospace spares orders at Pratt & Whitney and Hamilton Sundstrand increased 45% and 31%, respectively, and Carrier’s shipments of U.S. residential systems improved 9%. For the full year 2010 as compared with 2009, commercial aerospace spares orders at Pratt & Whitney and Hamilton Sundstrand increased 18% and 16%, respectively, and Carrier’s shipments of U.S. residential systems improved 4%. These improvements contributed to the 2% organic sales growth noted above and should also contribute positively to 2011. Orders in our longer cycle businesses also improved for the full year, as compared with 2009, as Otis new equipment orders grew 7%, global new equipment orders at Carrier’s commercial HVAC business grew 7% and total orders at UTC Fire & Security, driven by the acquisition of the GE Security business, grew approximately 25% year-over-year, as compared with 2009.

Consistent with prior years, our backlog includes both short cycle orders that are expected to be realized in the near term, as well as longer cycle orders that may be recognized over a period of years. With improving end market environments and the expected conversion of a portion of backlog into sales in 2011, we are expecting organic sales growth in 2011 to range from 3% to 5%.

Although the projected increase in organic growth, if realized, will contribute to operating profit growth, we continue to invest in new platforms and markets that position us for growth, while remaining focused on structural cost reduction, operational improvements and disciplined cash redeployment. These actions contributed to our earnings growth and operating profit margin expansion during 2010. The strategies we initiated in late 2008 and early 2009 to address the then expected global economic challenges and volume declines have better positioned us for earnings growth as the global economy recovers. As disclosed in 2009, we announced a significant restructuring initiative in early 2009 designed to reduce structural and overhead costs across all of our businesses in order to partially mitigate the adverse volume impact. Restructuring costs in 2010 and 2009 totaled $443 million and $830 million, respectively. As a result of the higher sales volumes, the beneficial impact from our continued focus on cost reduction and previously initiated restructuring actions and lower year-over-year restructuring costs, segment operating margin increased 140 basis points from 13.2% in 2009 to 14.6% in 2010. This year-over-year increase includes a 40 basis point net benefit from lower restructuring charges and non-recurring items. While we expect to benefit in 2011 from cost reductions realized on the restructuring actions undertaken in prior years, we also expect an adverse impact on operating

profits in 2011 from gross commodity cost increases of approximately $150 million and incremental research and development investment of approximately $175 million.

As discussed below in “Results of Operations,” operating profit in each of 2010 and 2009 includes the impact from non-recurring items including the adverse effect of asset impairment charges in 2010, and the beneficial impact of gains related to business divestiture activities, primarily related to Carrier’s ongoing portfolio transformation, in both 2009 and 2010. Our earnings growth strategy contemplates earnings from organic sales growth, including growth from new product development and product improvements, structural cost reductions, operational improvements, and incremental earnings from our investments in acquisitions. We invested $2.8 billion (including debt assumed of $39 million) and $703 million in the acquisition of businesses across the entire company in 2010 and 2009, respectively. Our investment in businesses in 2010 principally reflects the acquisitions of the General Electric (GE) Security business and Clipper Windpower Plc (Clipper). Acquisitions in 2009 consisted principally of a number of small acquisitions in both our aerospace and commercial businesses.

On March 1, 2010, we completed the acquisition of the GE Security business for approximately $1.8 billion, including debt assumed of $32 million. The GE Security business, which is being integrated into our UTC Fire & Security segment, supplies security and fire safety technologies for commercial and residential applications through a broad product portfolio that includes fire detection and life safety systems, intrusion alarms, and video surveillance and access control systems. This business enhanced UTC Fire & Security’s geographic diversity with its strong North American presence and also increased UTC Fire & Security’s product and technology offerings. In connection with this transaction, we recorded approximately $600 million of identifiable intangible assets and $1.1 billion of goodwill. The goodwill recorded reflects synergies expected to be realized through the combination of GE Security’s products, resources and management talent with those of the existing UTC Fire & Security business to enhance competitiveness, accelerate the development of certain product offerings, drive improved operational performance and secure additional service channels. Additionally, the combined businesses have provided the opportunity for significant improvements to the cost structure through the rationalization of general and administrative expenditures as well as research and development efforts.

During 2010, we also completed the acquisition of Clipper, a publicly-held California-based wind turbine manufacturer. This investment is intended to expand our power generation portfolio and allow us to enter the wind power market by leveraging our expertise in blade technology, turbines and gearbox design. In the first half of 2010, we


 

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acquired a 49.9% equity stake in Clipper. In December 2010, we completed the acquisition of all of the remaining shares of Clipper. The total cost of our investment in Clipper is approximately £240 million (approximately $385 million). In connection with this transaction, we recorded approximately $400 million of goodwill and identifiable intangible assets. Prior to the December 2010 purchase of the remaining shares of Clipper, we accounted for this investment under the equity method of accounting. During the quarter ended September 30, 2010, we recorded a $159 million other-than-temporary impairment charge, on our investment in Clipper, in order to write-down our investment to market value as of September 30, 2010. This impairment is recorded within “Other income, net” on our Consolidated Statement of Operations. In December 2010, as a result of the acquisition of a controlling interest and the remaining shares of Clipper, we recorded a $21 million gain from the re-measurement to fair value of our previously held equity interest. The financial results of Clipper are included within the “Eliminations and other” category in the segment financial data in Note 18 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Both acquisition and restructuring costs associated with a business combination are expensed as incurred. Depending on the nature and level of acquisition activity, earnings could be adversely impacted due to acquisition and restructuring actions initiated in connection with the integration of the acquisitions.

During 2010, we recorded approximately $86 million of asset impairment charges, for assets that have met the held-for-sale criteria, related to disposition activity within both Carrier and Hamilton Sundstrand. These asset impairment charges are recorded within Cost of products sold on our Consolidated Statement of Operations. The asset impairment charges consist of a $58 million charge associated with Carrier’s ongoing portfolio transformation to a higher returns business and a $28 million charge at Hamilton Sundstrand related to the expected disposition of an aerospace business as part of Hamilton Sundstrand’s efforts to implement low cost sourcing initiatives.

For additional discussion of acquisitions and restructuring, see “Liquidity and Financial Condition,” “Restructuring and Other Costs” and Notes 2 and 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Results of Operations

Net Sales

 

(Dollars in millions)   2010     2009     2008  

Net sales

  $ 54,326     $ 52,425      $ 59,119  

Percentage change year-over-year

    3.6%        (11.3)%        7.7%   

The 4% increase in consolidated net sales in 2010, as compared with 2009, reflects organic sales growth (2%), the beneficial impact of foreign currency translation (1%) and the impact of net acquisitions (1%). The impact of net acquisitions primarily reflects the acquisition of the GE Security business at UTC Fire & Security, net of the impact of dispositions from the portfolio transformation efforts undertaken at Carrier. As discussed above in the “Business Overview,” the organic sales increase was largely led by Carrier, Sikorsky, and Pratt & Whitney. These organic increases were partially offset by organic sales contraction at both Otis and UTC Fire & Security. The organic sales growth at Carrier was driven by continuing strength in the transport refrigeration business, while Sikorsky’s growth was primarily attributable to higher military sales. The organic contraction at Otis was due to a decline in new equipment sales as a result of continued commercial and residential market weakness. In addition, the decline at UTC Fire & Security reflects contraction in the service and install business as a result of weak economic conditions in principal markets.

The 11% decline in consolidated net sales in 2009, as compared with 2008, reflects organic sales contraction (7%), the adverse impact from foreign currency translation (3%) and the impact of net divestitures (1%) resulting from the portfolio rationalization efforts undertaken, principally at Carrier. The organic decline in net sales reflects volume decreases at most of our businesses resulting from the challenging global economic conditions experienced during 2009. The depressed residential housing and commercial construction markets drove volume declines across all of our commercial businesses, while declines in aerospace aftermarket sales at both Pratt & Whitney and Hamilton Sundstrand, coupled with the adverse impact from a depressed business jet market, led to an overall decline in aerospace sales. Record aircraft deliveries at Sikorsky helped to partially mitigate the effect of other aerospace volume losses.

Cost of Products and Services Sold

 

(Dollars in millions)   2010     2009     2008  

Cost of products sold

  $ 28,956     $ 28,905     $ 32,833  

Percentage of product sales

    74.9%        77.4%        75.9%   

Cost of services sold

  $ 10,458     $ 9,956     $ 10,804  

Percentage of service sales

    66.7%        66.0%        68.0%   

Total cost of products and services sold

  $ 39,414     $ 38,861     $ 43,637  

Percentage change year-over-year

    1.4%        (10.9)%        6.7%   

 

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The factors contributing to the total percentage change year-over-year in total cost of products and services sold are as follows:

 

     2010     2009  

Organic volume

    1 %        (7)%   

Foreign currency translation

    1 %        (3)%   

Acquisitions and divestitures, net

    —             (2)%   

Restructuring

    (1)%        1 %   

Total % Change

    1 %        (11)%   

Year-over-year, both total cost of products and services sold and overall sales volumes increased in 2010, as compared with 2009, and decreased in 2009, as compared with 2008. The year-over-year increase in total cost of products and services sold in 2010, as compared with 2009, reflects an increase in costs as a result of increased sales volumes. Total cost of products and services sold increased organically (1%) at a rate lower than organic sales growth of 2% reflecting the beneficial impact from operational improvements, cost savings and restructuring actions taken. The 11% year-over-year reduction in 2009 in total cost of products and services sold, as compared with 2008, primarily reflects a decline in costs associated with the lower organic sales volumes as well as the favorable impact of foreign currency translation.

Gross Margin

 

(Dollars in millions)   2010     2009     2008  

Gross margin

  $ 14,912     $ 13,564     $ 15,482  

Percentage of net sales

    27.4%        25.9%        26.2%   

The 2010 year-over-year increase in gross margin as a percentage of sales of 150 basis points, was driven primarily by increased volumes and lower cost of sales resulting from continued focus on cost reductions, savings from previously initiated restructuring actions and net operational efficiencies. Gross margin as a percentage of sales in 2010 also reflects the benefits of the shift in mix from new equipment sales to higher margin service sales at Otis, the increase in higher margin aerospace aftermarket sales at the aerospace businesses, and the beneficial impact from net acquisition/disposition activity. The beneficial impact of lower year-over-year restructuring charges (20 basis points) was offset by the adverse impact of asset impairment charges (20 basis points) recorded in 2010, related to disposition activity at Carrier and Hamilton Sundstrand.

The 2009 year-over-year decrease in gross margin as a percentage of sales of 30 basis points primarily reflects higher year-over-year restructuring charges (50 basis points). Continued focus on cost reduction, savings from previously initiated restructuring actions, net operational efficiencies,

margin growth experienced at Otis from lower commodity prices and the continued shift toward higher margin contractual maintenance sales offset the adverse impacts of lower sales volumes, particularly in our higher margin aerospace aftermarket and transport refrigeration businesses.

Research and Development

 

(Dollars in millions)   2010     2009     2008  

Company-funded

  $ 1,746     $ 1,558     $ 1,771  

Percentage of net sales

    3.2%        3.0%        3.0%   

Customer-funded

  $ 1,890     $ 2,095     $ 2,008  

Percentage of net sales

    3.5%        4.0%        3.4%   

Research and development spending is subject to the variable nature of program development schedules and, therefore, year-over-year variations in spending levels are expected. The majority of the company-funded spending is incurred by the aerospace businesses and relates largely to the next generation product family at Pratt & Whitney, the Boeing 787 program at Hamilton Sundstrand, and various programs at Sikorsky. The year-over-year increase in company-funded research and development in 2010, compared with 2009, primarily reflects increases at Pratt & Whitney associated with the next generation product family, increases at both Hamilton Sundstrand and Sikorsky as they continue to ramp up new product development programs, and an increase at UTC Fire & Security related to the acquisition in 2010 of the GE Security business. The decrease in company-funded research and development in 2009, compared with 2008, principally reflects lower expenditures at Pratt & Whitney and Hamilton Sundstrand resulting from shifts in the timing of program development activities, lower requirements on key development programs, and the continued focus on cost reduction. The decrease at Pratt & Whitney was driven largely by the timing of program development activities, while the decrease at Hamilton Sundstrand primarily reflects lower expenditures on the Boeing 787-8 program with the first flight having taken place in December 2009.

Company-funded research and development spending for 2011 is expected to increase by approximately $175 million from 2010 levels as a result of our continued focus on developing new technologies, led by Pratt & Whitney.

The decrease in customer-funded research and development in 2010, compared with 2009, was primarily driven by a decrease at Pratt & Whitney related to a reduction in development spending on the Joint Strike Fighter program. The increase in customer-funded research and development in 2009, compared with 2008, largely reflects increases on various commercial and space programs at Hamilton Sundstrand, and higher development spending on the CH-53K program at


 

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Sikorsky, partially offset by reduced expenditures at Pratt & Whitney on the Joint Strike Fighter development program as it nears completion.

Selling, General and Administrative

 

(Dollars in millions)   2010     2009     2008  

Selling, general and administrative

  $ 6,024     $ 6,036     $ 6,724  

Percentage of net sales

    11.1%        11.5%        11.4%   

The decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses in 2010, as compared with 2009, is due primarily to a continued focus on cost reduction and the impact from restructuring and cost saving initiatives undertaken in 2009 in anticipation of adverse economic conditions. These improvements were partially offset by the impact of recent acquisitions. As a percentage of sales, the 40 basis point year-over-year decrease primarily reflects the impact of lower restructuring costs.

Similar to the year-over-year change in 2010, the decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses in 2009, as compared with 2008, is due primarily to a continued focus on cost reduction and the impact from restructuring and cost saving initiatives undertaken in 2008 and 2009 in anticipation of adverse economic conditions. As a percentage of sales, selling, general and administrative expenses increased 10 basis points from 2008 to 2009 reflecting higher restructuring costs (approximately 30 basis points) and lower sales volumes. The benefit from cost reduction actions in such areas as travel, employee attrition, employee salary related reductions, and the favorable impact of foreign exchange more than offset the adverse impact of the higher restructuring costs.

Other Income, Net

 

(Dollars in millions)   2010     2009     2008  

Other income, net

  $ (44   $ (407   $ (522

Other income, net includes the operational impact of equity earnings in unconsolidated entities, royalty income, foreign exchange gains and losses as well as other ongoing items and non-recurring items. The year-over-year change in other income, net in 2010, as compared with 2009, largely reflects a $159 million other-than-temporary impairment charge recorded in 2010 on our then equity investment in Clipper in order to bring the investment to market value, the absence of an approximately $60 million gain recognized in 2009 from the contribution of the majority of Carrier’s U.S. Residential Sales and Distribution business into a new venture, the absence of a $52 million gain recognized in 2009 at Otis on the re-measurement to fair value of an interest in a joint

venture as well as the absence of gains from 2009 related to business divestiture activity across the company. The decline in other income, net year-over-year also reflects the adverse impact from an approximately $30 million valuation allowance charge recorded in 2010 related to an unconsolidated foreign venture at Carrier, equity losses associated with our recently acquired Clipper business, and costs associated with the early extinguishment of some debt in 2010. These adverse impacts were partially offset by a $21 million non-taxable gain recognized in the fourth quarter of 2010 on the re-measurement to fair value of our previously held equity interest in Clipper resulting from the purchase of a controlling interest.

The year-over-year change in other income, net in 2009, as compared with 2008, largely reflects the absence of gains from the sale of marketable securities, lower royalties across the businesses, lower net year-over-year gains on various fixed asset disposals, lower joint venture equity income at Carrier, and lower net year-over-year gains generated from business divestiture activity. These decreases were partially offset by lower net hedging costs on our cash management activities in 2009.

Interest Expense, Net

 

(Dollars in millions)   2010     2009     2008  

Interest expense

  $ 750     $ 705     $ 689  

Interest income

    (102     (88     (116

Interest expense, net

  $ 648     $ 617     $ 573  

Average interest expense rate during the year on:

           

Short-term borrowings

    1.8%        3.1%        5.6%   

Total debt

    5.6%        5.8%        5.9%   

The increase in interest expense in 2010 as compared with 2009 largely reflects the impact of long-term debt issuances during the course of the year, partially offset by the absence of interest associated with the early redemption and repayment of long-term debt in 2010. Interest expense on our long-term debt increased as a result of the issuance of two series of fixed rate long-term notes totaling $2.25 billion in February 2010 (see further discussion in the “Liquidity and Financial Condition” section). This impact was partially offset by the absence of interest associated with the repayment at maturity in May 2010 of our $600 million of 4.375% notes due 2010, the early redemption in June 2010 of the entire $500 million outstanding principal amount of our 7.125% notes that would have otherwise been due November 2010, and the early redemption in September 2010 of the entire $500 million outstanding principal amount of our 6.350% notes that would have otherwise been due March 2011. Aside from the impact of debt repayments and redemptions noted above, the additional


 

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interest associated with the issuance of the long-term debt in February 2010 was also partially offset by the absence of interest related to the repayment in June 2009 of our $400 million 6.500% notes due 2009. Interest expense also reflects the lower cost associated with our commercial paper borrowings. Interest income in 2010 includes a favorable pre-tax interest adjustment of approximately $24 million associated with the resolution of an uncertain temporary tax item in the second quarter.

The increase in interest expense in 2009, as compared with 2008, is primarily attributable to higher interest charges related to our deferred compensation plan. Increased interest expense resulting from the issuances of $1.25 billion and $1.0 billion of long-term debt in December and May 2008, respectively, was partially offset by lower interest expense resulting from the absence of interest on $933 million in notes that were redeemed in 2009 and to the lower cost associated with our commercial paper borrowings. The redemptions as well as the lower cost of borrowing noted above resulted in a decline in the average interest rate in 2009 as compared with 2008. Interest income in 2009 includes $17 million of favorable pre-tax interest income adjustments pertaining to global tax examination activity related primarily to the completion of our review of the 2004 to 2005 Internal Revenue Service (IRS) audit report.

The weighted-average interest rate applicable to debt outstanding at December 31, 2010 was 6.3% for short-term borrowings and 5.9% for total debt as compared to 4.8% and 6.1%, respectively, at December 31, 2009. The three month LIBOR rate as of December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008 was 0.3%, 0.3% and 1.4%, respectively.

Income Taxes

 

     2010     2009     2008  

Effective income tax rate

    27.9%        27.4%        27.1%   

The effective income tax rates for 2010, 2009 and 2008 reflect tax benefits associated with lower tax rates on international earnings, which we intend to permanently reinvest outside the United States. The 2010 effective income tax rate increased as compared to 2009 due to the absence of certain discrete items which had a net favorable impact in 2009, as disclosed below. The 2010 effective income tax rate reflects a non-recurring tax expense reduction associated with management’s decision to repatriate additional high tax dividends from the current year to the U.S. in 2010 as a result of recent U.S. tax legislation. This is partially offset by the non-deductibility of impairment charges, the adverse impact from the health care legislation related to the Medicare Part D program and other increases to UTC’s effective income tax rate.

The 2009 effective income tax rate reflects approximately $38 million of tax expense reductions relating to re-evaluation of our liabilities and contingencies based on global examination activity during the year including the IRS’s completion of 2004 and 2005 examination fieldwork and our related protest filing. As a result of the global examination activity, we recognized approximately $18 million of associated pre-tax interest income adjustments during 2009.

The 2008 effective income tax rate reflects approximately $62 million of tax expense reductions, principally relating to re-evaluation of our liabilities and contingencies based upon resolution of disputed tax matters with the Appeals Division of the IRS for tax years 2000 through 2003.

We expect our full year annual effective income tax rate in 2011 to be approximately 30.5%. As a result of 2010 U.S. tax legislation and the impact on our tax rate, we anticipate variability in the tax rate quarter to quarter with a higher rate in the first half of 2011. This is due to the tax impacts associated with planned internal legal entity reorganizations that are expected to occur during 2011 with completion of the predominant portion of these projects expected in the second half.

For additional discussion of income taxes, see “Critical Accounting Estimates – Income Taxes” and Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Net Income and Earnings Per Share

 

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)   2010     2009     2008  

Net income

  $ 4,711     $ 4,179     $ 5,053  

Less: Noncontrolling interest in subsidiaries’ earnings

    338       350       364  

Net income attributable to common shareowners

  $ 4,373     $ 3,829     $ 4,689  

Diluted earnings per share

  $ 4.74     $ 4.12     $ 4.90  

Although the average foreign exchange rate of the U.S. dollar was stronger in 2010, as compared to 2009, against certain currencies such as the Euro, the impact of foreign currency generated a net positive impact of $.12 per diluted share on our operational performance in 2010. This year-over-year impact primarily represents the beneficial impact of hedging at Pratt & Whitney Canada (P&WC), which more than offset the net adverse foreign currency translation impact. The weakness of the U.S. dollar against the Canadian dollar in 2010 generated an adverse foreign currency translation impact as the majority of P&WC’s sales are denominated in U.S. dollars, while a significant portion of its costs are incurred in local currencies. To help mitigate the volatility of foreign currency exchange rates on our operating results, we maintain foreign currency hedging programs, the majority of which are


 

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entered into by P&WC. As a result of hedging programs currently in place, P&WC’s 2011 full year operating results are expected to include an adverse impact of hedging of $75 million. In 2009, foreign currency generated an adverse impact on our operational results of $.22 per share while in 2008, foreign currency had a favorable impact of $.06 per share. For additional discussion of foreign currency exposure, see “Market Risk and Risk Management – Foreign Currency Exposures.”

Diluted earnings per share for 2010 include a net charge of $.29 per share from restructuring and non-recurring items. Besides the restructuring charges of $443 million, non-recurring items included the $159 million other-than-temporary impairment charge on our investment in Clipper, $86 million of asset impairment charges related to disposition activity within both Carrier and Hamilton Sundstrand, a $140 million net tax benefit associated with management’s decision to repatriate additional high tax dividends from the current year to the U.S. in 2010 and 2011 as a result of recent U.S. tax legislation, an approximately $55 million net tax benefit associated with the completion of the acquisition of all the remaining shares of Clipper, $53 million of net gains from dispositions related to Carrier’s ongoing portfolio transformation, a favorable pre-tax interest adjustment of $24 million associated with the resolution of an uncertain tax item, and a $21 million non-cash, non-taxable gain recognized on the re-measurement to fair value of our previously held equity interest in Clipper.

Restructuring and Other Costs

We recorded net pre-tax restructuring and other costs totaling $443 million in 2010 and $830 million in 2009 for new and ongoing restructuring actions. We recorded these charges in the segments as follows:

 

(Dollars in millions)   2010     2009  

Otis

  $ 83     $ 158  

Carrier

    75       210  

UTC Fire & Security

    78       112  

Pratt & Whitney

    138       190  

Hamilton Sundstrand

    37       88  

Sikorsky

    14       7  

Eliminations and other

    18       62  

General corporate expenses

           3  

Total

  $ 443     $ 830  

The 2010 charges consist of $283 million in cost of sales, $159 million in selling, general and administrative expenses and $1 million in other income, net, and, as described below, primarily relate to actions initiated during 2010 and 2009. Restructuring costs reflected in Eliminations and other largely reflect curtailment charges required under our domestic

pension plans due to the significant headcount reductions associated with the various restructuring actions. The 2009 charges consist of $420 million in cost of sales, $364 million in selling, general and administrative expenses and $46 million in other income, net. The 2009 charges relate principally to actions initiated during 2009.

Restructuring actions are an essential component of our operating margin improvement efforts and relate to both existing operations and those recently acquired. As a result of the severity of the global economic downturn, the level of restructuring initiated in 2009 was significantly in excess of that incurred in prior years. These actions were initiated to help mitigate the impact of the global economic downturn and better position us for a resumption of expected future earnings growth. When completed, these actions will result in global employment reductions, primarily in overhead and selling, general and administrative functions of approximately 14,400. We have also acquired certain businesses at beneficial values in past years, such as Kidde and Initial Electronic Security Group (IESG), with the expectation of restructuring the underlying cost structure in order to bring operating margins up to expected levels. Restructuring actions typically focus on streamlining costs through workforce reductions, the consolidation of manufacturing, sales and service facilities, and the transfer of work to more cost-effective locations. For acquisitions prior to January 1, 2009, the costs of restructuring actions at the acquired company contemplated at the date of acquisition are recorded under purchase accounting and actions initiated subsequently are recorded through operating results by being expensed. However, effective January 1, 2009 under the Business Combinations Topic of the FASB ASC, restructuring costs associated with a business combination are expensed. We expect to incur additional restructuring costs in 2011 of approximately $150 million to $200 million, including trailing costs related to prior actions, associated with our continuing cost reduction efforts and to the integration of acquisitions. The expected adverse impact on earnings in 2011 from anticipated additional restructuring costs is expected to be offset by the beneficial impact from non-recurring items. Although no specific plans for significant actions have been finalized at this time, we continue to closely monitor the economic environment and may undertake further restructuring actions to keep our cost structure aligned with the demands of the prevailing market conditions.

2010 Actions. During 2010, we initiated restructuring actions relating to ongoing cost reduction efforts, including workforce reductions and consolidation of field operations. We recorded net pre-tax restructuring and other charges totaling $371 million as follows: Otis $87 million, Carrier $74 million, UTC Fire & Security $64 million, Pratt & Whitney $84 million,


 

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Hamilton Sundstrand $29 million, Sikorsky $15 million and Eliminations and other $18 million. The charges consist of $221 million in cost of sales and $150 million in selling, general and administrative expenses. Those costs consist of $301 million for severance and related employee termination costs, $19 million for asset write-downs and $51 million for facility exit, lease termination and other related costs.

We expect the actions initiated in 2010, once fully complete, to result in net workforce reductions of approximately 5,000 hourly and salaried employees, the exiting of approximately 3.9 million net square feet of facilities and the disposal of assets associated with the exited facilities. As of December 31, 2010, we have completed, with respect to the actions initiated in 2010, net workforce reductions of approximately 2,400 employees, and 300,000 net square feet of facilities have been exited. We are targeting to complete in 2011 the majority of the remaining workforce and facility related cost reduction actions initiated in 2010. Approximately 70% of the total pre-tax charge will require cash payments, which we have and expect to continue to fund with cash generated from operations. During 2010, we had cash outflows of approximately $107 million related to the 2010 actions. We expect to incur additional restructuring and other charges of $235 million to complete these actions. We expect recurring pre-tax savings to increase over the two-year period subsequent to initiating the actions to approximately $350 million annually, of which approximately $64 million was realized in 2010.

2009 Actions. During 2010, we recorded net pre-tax restructuring and other charges (reversals) of $85 million for actions initiated in 2009. The 2009 actions relate to ongoing cost reduction efforts, including workforce reductions, the

consolidation of field operations and the consolidation of repair and overhaul operations. We recorded the charges (reversals) in 2010 as follows: Otis ($3 million), Carrier $11 million, UTC Fire & Security $14 million, Pratt & Whitney $56 million, Hamilton Sundstrand $8 million, and Sikorsky ($1 million). The charges consist of $63 million in cost of sales, $21 million in selling, general and administrative expenses and $1 million in other income, net. Those costs consisted of $19 million for severance and related employee termination costs, $13 million for asset write-downs and $53 million for facility exit, lease termination and other related costs.

We expect the actions initiated in 2009, once fully completed, to result in net workforce reductions of approximately 14,400 hourly and salaried employees, the exiting of approximately 4.7 million net square feet of facilities and the disposal of assets associated with the exited facilities. As of December 31, 2010, we have completed, with respect to the actions initiated in 2009, net workforce reductions of approximately 13,400 employees and exited 1.3 million net square feet of facilities. We are targeting to complete in 2011 the majority of the remaining workforce and all facility related cost reduction actions initiated in 2009. Approximately 70% of the total pre-tax charge will require cash payments, which we have and expect to continue to fund with cash generated from operations. During 2010, we had cash outflows of approximately $236 million related to the 2009 actions. We expect to incur additional restructuring and other charges of $90 million to complete these actions. We expect recurring pre-tax savings to increase over the two-year period subsequent to initiating the actions to approximately $700 million annually.

For additional discussion of restructuring, see Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.


Segment Review

 

      Net Sales     Operating Profits     Operating Profit Margin  
(Dollars in millions)    2010     2009     2008     2010     2009     2008     2010      2009      2008  

Otis

   $ 11,579     $ 11,723     $ 12,884     $ 2,575     $ 2,447     $ 2,477       22.2%         20.9%         19.2%   

Carrier

     11,386       11,335       14,817       1,062       740       1,316       9.3%         6.5%         8.9%   

UTC Fire & Security

     6,490       5,503       6,446       714       493       542       11.0%         9.0%         8.4%   

Pratt & Whitney

     12,935       12,392       13,849       1,987       1,835       2,122       15.4%         14.8%         15.3%   

Hamilton Sundstrand

     5,608       5,560       6,127       918       857       1,099       16.4%         15.4%         17.9%   

Sikorsky

     6,684       6,287       5,346       716       608       478       10.7%         9.7%         8.9%   

Total segment

     54,682       52,800       59,469       7,972       6,980       8,034       14.6%         13.2%         13.5%   

Eliminations and other

     (356     (375     (350     (409     (255     (117              

General corporate expenses

                          (377     (348     (408                          

Consolidated

   $ 54,326     $ 52,425     $ 59,119     $ 7,186     $ 6,377     $ 7,509       13.2%         12.2%         12.7%   

 

Commercial Businesses

The financial performance of our commercial businesses can be influenced by a number of external factors including fluctuations in residential and commercial construction activity,

regulatory changes, interest rates, labor costs, foreign currency exchange rates, customer attrition, raw material and energy costs, tightening of credit markets and other global and political factors. Carrier’s financial performance can also be


 

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influenced by production and utilization of transport equipment, and for its residential business, weather conditions. Geographic and industry diversity across the commercial businesses help to balance the impact of such factors on our consolidated operating results, particularly in the face of uneven economic growth. Our short cycle markets are recovering as expected and our emerging markets continue to gain traction. We are beginning to see a modest recovery in the commercial construction markets in the U.S., although they are still weak. Carrier returned to organic sales growth in 2010, led by the transportation businesses. The transport refrigeration markets have benefited from a resumption of unit replacement demand, while U.S. residential new construction starts remain at low levels. Short cycle shipments and order rates were robust in the fourth quarter of 2010, consistent with our expectations for sales growth in 2011.

In 2010, 73% of total commercial business sales were generated outside the United States, including U.S. export sales, as compared to 71% in 2009. The following table shows sales generated outside the United States for each of the commercial business segments:

 

     2010      2009  

Otis

    82%         80%   

Carrier

    56%         55%   

UTC Fire & Security

    84%         82%   

Otis is the world’s largest elevator and escalator manufacturing, installation and service company. Otis designs, manufactures, sells and installs a wide range of passenger and freight elevators for low-, medium- and high-speed applications, as well as a broad line of escalators and moving walkways. In addition to new equipment, Otis provides modernization products to upgrade elevators and escalators as well as maintenance and repair services for both its products and those of other manufacturers. Otis serves customers in the commercial and residential property industries around the world. Otis sells directly to the end customer and, to a limited extent, through sales representatives and distributors.

 

Factors Contributing to Total % Change Year-Over-Year in:  
     2010     2009  
     Net Sales     Operating
Profits
    Net Sales     Operating
Profits
 

Organic sales / Operational operating profit

    (3)%        6 %        (6)%        6 %   

Foreign currency translation

    1 %        (1)%        (4)%        (4)%   

Acquisitions and divestitures, net

    1 %        —             1 %        —        

Restructuring

    —             3 %        —             (6)%   

Other

    —             (3)%        —             3 %   

Total % Change

    (1)%        5 %        (9)%        (1)%   

2010 Compared with 2009

Otis’s sales decreased $144 million (1%) in 2010, as compared with 2009. The organic sales decline was due to a decrease in new equipment sales volume as a result of lower opening backlog entering the year, partially offset by a strong volume rebound in China. The decrease in new equipment sales was partially offset by continued growth in the contractual maintenance business. New equipment orders improved 7% versus the prior year, led by strong order growth in China. Selling prices remained under pressure in most markets.

Otis’s operating profits increased $128 million (5%) in 2010, as compared with 2009. Operational profit improvement (6%) resulted from higher maintenance volume and the benefits from ongoing cost reduction initiatives, more than offsetting the impact of lower new equipment volume and pricing. The decrease contributed by “Other” primarily reflects the absence of a $52 million gain recognized in 2009 on the re-measurement to fair value of a previously held equity interest in a joint venture resulting from the purchase of a controlling interest.

2009 Compared with 2008

Otis’s sales decreased $1,161 million (9%) in 2009, as compared with 2008. The organic sales decline was attributable to a decrease in new equipment sales as difficult economic conditions adversely impacted global construction. New equipment orders declined 31% versus the prior year, which contributed to lower new equipment sales across all geographic regions.

Otis’s operating profits decreased $30 million (1%) in 2009, as compared with 2008. Operational profit improvement resulted from increased volume and improved margins in the contractual maintenance business, lower commodity costs and the benefits from aggressive cost reduction initiatives. Improved margins in the contractual maintenance business were the result of productivity improvements from restructuring and other cost reduction actions. The 3% increase contributed by “Other” in 2009 reflects a gain recognized in the second quarter of 2009 on the re-measurement to fair value of a previously held equity interest in a joint venture resulting from the purchase of a controlling interest, and the absence of provisions for certain accounting issues discovered at a subsidiary in Brazil in late 2008.

Carrier is the world’s largest provider of HVAC and refrigeration solutions, including controls for residential, commercial, industrial and transportation applications. Carrier also provides installation, retrofit and aftermarket services for the products it sells and those of other manufacturers in the HVAC and refrigeration industries. During 2010 and 2009, as


 

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part of its ongoing business transformation strategy, Carrier completed divestitures of several lower-margin businesses, acquired several higher margin service businesses, and formed ventures in parts of the U.S., Europe, the Middle East, Australia and Asia. Carrier’s products and services are sold under Carrier and other brand names to building contractors and owners, homeowners, transportation companies, retail stores and food service companies. Carrier sells directly to the end customer and through manufacturers’ representatives, distributors, wholesalers, dealers and retail outlets. Certain of Carrier’s HVAC businesses are seasonal and can be impacted by weather. Carrier customarily offers its customers incentives to purchase products to ensure an adequate supply of its products in the distribution channels. The principal incentive program provides reimbursements to distributors for offering promotional pricing on Carrier products. We account for incentive payments made as a reduction to sales.

 

Factors Contributing to Total % Change Year-Over-Year in:  
     2010     2009  
     Net Sales     Operating
Profits
    Net Sales     Operating
Profits
 

Organic sales / Operational operating profit

    6 %        39 %        (16)%        (34)%   

Foreign currency translation

    1 %        —             (3)%        (1)%   

Acquisitions and divestitures, net

    (7)%        3 %        (5)%        (3)%   

Restructuring

    —             18 %        —             (5)%   

Other

    —             (16)%        —             (1)%   

Total % Change

    —             44 %        (24)%        (44)%   

2010 Compared with 2009

Carrier’s sales increased $51 million in 2010, as compared with 2009. Organic sales growth of 6% was driven primarily by improvement in the transport refrigeration and Asian and Latin America HVAC markets, partially offset by a decline in the European commercial HVAC equipment markets. The 7% decrease contributed by “Acquisitions and divestitures, net” in 2010 primarily reflects the net year-over-year impact from the disposition of businesses and the formation of noncontrolling ventures globally.

Carrier’s operating profits increased $322 million (44%) in 2010, as compared with 2009. The operational profit improvement (39%) was largely driven by strong conversion on the organic sales growth, particularly in the higher margin transport refrigeration business, combined with the carry-over benefits of cost reduction and restructuring (combined 54%), partially offset by increased commodity costs and adverse pricing (17%). The decrease contributed by “Other” primarily reflects the year-over-year net impact of gains and losses resulting from dispositions associated with Carrier’s ongoing portfolio transformation. This includes an approximately $58 million asset impairment charge in 2010 associated with

disposition activity as well as the absence of an approximately $60 million gain recognized in 2009 from the contribution of the majority of Carrier’s U.S. Residential Sales and Distribution business into a new venture formed with Watsco, Inc.

2009 Compared with 2008

Carrier’s sales decreased $3,482 million (24%) in 2009, as compared with 2008. The decline in organic sales is a result of weak market conditions across all businesses, particularly the higher margin transport refrigeration business where organic sales declined 37% in 2009.

Carrier’s operating profits decreased $576 million (44%) in 2009 compared with 2008 as almost all businesses experienced earnings declines due to unfavorable market conditions. The operational profit decrease was primarily due to the volume decline (57%), especially in our higher margin transport refrigeration business, the adverse cost impact from worldwide currency shifts (5%), and lower equity income from a joint venture in Japan (2%). These adverse impacts were partially offset by the favorable impact from aggressive cost reduction and restructuring actions, and lower net commodity costs (net combined 30%). The 1% decrease in “Other” primarily reflects lower gains from net acquisition and divestiture activities. The decrease contributed by “Acquisitions and divestitures, net” for both sales and operating profits reflects the net year-over-year operational impact from acquisitions and divestitures completed in the preceding twelve months, including the transaction with Watsco, Inc.

UTC Fire & Security is a global provider of security and fire safety products and services. UTC Fire & Security provides electronic security products such as intruder alarms, access control systems, and video surveillance systems and designs and manufactures a wide range of fire safety products including specialty hazard detection and fixed suppression products, portable fire extinguishers, fire detection and life safety systems, and other firefighting equipment. Services provided to the electronic security and fire safety industries include systems integration, video surveillance, installation, maintenance and inspection services. UTC Fire & Security also provides monitoring, response and security personnel services, including cash-in-transit security, to complement its electronic security and fire safety businesses. In 2010, we completed the acquisition of the GE Security business from GE. With the acquisition of GE Security, UTC strengthened its portfolio of security and fire safety technologies for commercial and residential applications, including fire detection and life safety systems, intrusion alarms, video surveillance and access control systems, and also significantly enhanced UTC Fire & Security’s North American presence. UTC Fire & Security products and services are used by governments, financial institutions, architects, building owners and developers, security and fire


 

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consultants and other end-users requiring a high level of security and fire protection for their businesses and residences. UTC Fire & Security provides its products and services under Chubb, Kidde and other brand names and sells directly to the customer as well as through manufacturer representatives, distributors, dealers and U.S. retail distribution.

 

Factors Contributing to Total % Change Year-Over-Year in:  
     2010     2009  
     Net Sales     Operating
Profits
    Net Sales     Operating
Profits
 

Organic sales / Operational operating profit

    (3)%        2%        (7)%        4 %   

Foreign currency translation

    2 %        2%        (7)%        (9)%   

Acquisitions and divestitures, net

    19%        34%        (1)%        4 %   

Restructuring

    —            7%        —             (9)%   

Other

    —            —            —             1 %   

Total % Change

    18%        45%        (15)%        (9)%   

2010 Compared with 2009

UTC Fire & Security’s sales increased $987 million (18%) in 2010, as compared with 2009. Organically, the 3% sales contraction was driven by declines in the service and install businesses, while the products businesses were flat year-over-year. Geographically, the service and install businesses experienced weakness in Europe and the Americas in 2010 as a result of poor economic conditions, partially offset by growth in Asia. The increase contributed by “Acquisitions and divestitures, net” reflects the net year-over-year impact from acquisition and divestitures completed in the preceding twelve months, led by the acquisition in March 2010 of the GE Security business.

UTC Fire & Security’s operating profits increased $221 million (45%) in 2010, as compared with 2009. The 2% operational profit improvement reflects the benefits of integrating operations, restructuring actions taken, and productivity initiatives, partially offset by the impact of organic volume contraction. The increase contributed by “Acquisitions and divestitures, net” primarily reflects the acquisition in March 2010 of the GE Security business.

2009 Compared with 2008

UTC Fire & Security’s sales decreased $943 million (15%) in 2009, as compared with 2008. Organic sales contraction was primarily caused by declines in both the Americas and United Kingdom Fire Safety and Electronic Security businesses.

UTC Fire & Security’s operating profits decreased $49 million (9%) in 2009, as compared with 2008. The operational profit improvement was due principally to the integration of field operations, the benefits of net cost reductions from previous restructuring actions, and the integration and continuing productivity and cost control initiatives which,

when combined, more than offset the impact of the lower sales. The increase contributed by “Acquisitions and divestitures, net” reflects the net year-over-year impact from acquisition and divestitures completed in the preceding twelve months, including the third quarter of 2009 acquisition of additional shares of GST, a fire alarm system provider in China.

Aerospace Businesses

The financial performance of Pratt & Whitney, Hamilton Sundstrand and Sikorsky is directly tied to the economic conditions of the commercial aerospace and defense industries. In particular, Pratt & Whitney experiences intense competition for new commercial airframe/engine combinations. Engine suppliers may offer substantial discounts and other financial incentives, performance and operating cost guarantees, participation in financing arrangements and maintenance agreements. At times, the aerospace businesses also enter into development programs and firm fixed-price development contracts, which may require the company to bear cost overruns related to unforeseen technical and design challenges that arise during the development stage of the program. Customer selections of engines and components can also have a significant impact on later sales of parts and service. Predicted traffic levels, load factors, worldwide airline profits, general economic activity and global defense spending have been reliable indicators for new aircraft and aftermarket orders within the aerospace industry. Spare part sales and aftermarket service trends are affected by many factors, including usage, technological improvements, pricing, regulatory changes and the retirement of older aircraft. Performance in the general aviation sector is closely tied to the overall health of the economy and is positively correlated to corporate profits.

The commercial airline industry rebounded in 2010 and continues to gain traction, as airlines benefit from airline traffic growth, higher yields and rising load factors. All major U.S. airlines and most European and Asian airlines returned to profitability in 2010. Airline traffic, as measured by revenue passenger miles (RPMs), grew in 2010, as compared with 2009, and we project RPMs to continue to grow by approximately 6% in 2011. Although airlines returned to profitability in 2010, rising fuel prices will challenge the airlines in the near term to maintain capacity disciplines, raise fares, and consider the need for more fuel efficient aircraft. We have also seen a favorable trend in commercial aftermarket growth as airlines were adding capacity to their fleets leading to additional overhaul and repair maintenance requirements. Orders of short cycle commercial aerospace spares grew year-over-year, with 18% growth in Pratt & Whitney’s large commercial spares orders and a 16% increase in Hamilton Sundstrand’s commercial spares orders. These increases in order rates have led to a corresponding increase in commercial aerospace aftermarket volume at both Pratt &


 

12


Whitney and Hamilton Sundstrand, and accordingly, consolidated commercial aerospace aftermarket sales increased 10% in 2010, as compared to 2009. We expect commercial aerospace aftermarket sales will continue to grow in 2011.

Similar to 2009, the overall business jet market continued to be weak in 2010, reflecting the conditions from a sluggish global economy and weak corporate profits. Despite this, we are seeing some improvement in business aircraft indicators, including a decrease in used aircraft inventory in 2010, as compared to 2009, although used aircraft inventory remains high, as well as a reduction in cancellations at business jet manufacturers. However, the level of net orders has not been substantial enough to grow backlogs. As a result of the ongoing market weakness, we do not expect a recovery in the business jet OEM market until at least 2012. This weakness will continue to put pressure on P&WC and corresponding engine shipments although we expect total overall engine shipments at P&WC to increase in 2011, as compared to 2010, due to increases across other platforms, such as helicopters.

Although commercial helicopter deliveries remained low in 2010, commercial helicopter orders increased towards the second half of 2010, indicative of a potentially healthier market. However, it is not clear whether this level of activity will continue with stability. Uncertainty among helicopter operators regarding the impact of the offshore drilling moratorium in the U.S. remains, but has been moderated by exploration and production initiatives in developing markets. Strong government military spending continued to drive military helicopter demand and, as a result, Sikorsky’s military backlog remains strong. Consolidated military OEM sales increased 4% in 2010, as compared with 2009, driven by Sikorsky. For 2011, we expect production of U.S. government Black Hawk and Naval Hawk helicopters at Sikorsky to level off, with demand for international military helicopters increasing.

Deficit reduction measures considered by the U.S. government are expected to pressure the U.S. Department of Defense budget in the coming years, resulting in a decline in U.S. Department of Defense spending. Total sales to the U.S. government of $9.9 billion, $9.3 billion, and $8.0 billion in 2010, 2009, and 2008, respectively, were 18% of total UTC sales in 2010 and 2009, and 14% in 2008. The defense portion of our aerospace business is affected by changes in market demand and the global political environment. Our participation in long-term production and development programs for the U.S. government has contributed positively to our results in 2010 and is expected to continue to benefit results in 2011.

Pratt & Whitney is among the world’s leading suppliers of aircraft engines for the commercial, military, business jet and

general aviation markets. Pratt & Whitney Global Services provides maintenance, repair and overhaul services, including the sale of spare parts, as well as fleet management services for large commercial engines. Pratt & Whitney produces families of engines for wide and narrow body aircraft in the commercial and military markets. Pratt & Whitney Power Systems sells aero-derivative engines for industrial applications. P&WC is a world leader in the production of engines powering business, regional, light jet, utility and military aircraft and helicopters and provides related maintenance, repair and overhaul services, including sale of spare parts, as well as fleet management services. Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne (PWR) is a leader in the design, development and manufacture of sophisticated space propulsion systems for military and commercial applications, including the U.S. space shuttle program. Pratt & Whitney’s products are sold principally to aircraft manufacturers, airlines and other aircraft operators, aircraft leasing companies, space launch vehicle providers and the U.S. and foreign governments. Pratt & Whitney’s products and services must adhere to strict regulatory and market-driven safety and performance standards. The frequently changing nature of these standards, along with the long duration of aircraft engine development, production and support programs, creates uncertainty regarding engine program profitability. The vast majority of sales are made directly to the end customer and, to a limited extent, through independent distributors and foreign sales representatives.

Pratt & Whitney is currently developing technology intended to enable it to power proposed and future aircraft, including the PurePower PW1000G Geared TurboFan engine. The PurePower PW1000G engine targets a significant reduction in fuel burn and noise levels with lower environmental emissions and operating costs than current production engines. In December 2010, Airbus announced that it will offer the PurePower PW1000G engine as a new engine option to power its A320neo family of aircraft scheduled to enter service in 2016. Additionally, PurePower PW1000G engine models have been selected by Bombardier to power the new CSeries passenger aircraft and by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries to power the new Mitsubishi Regional Jet (MRJ), scheduled to enter into service in 2013 and 2014, respectively. In 2009, the Irkut Corporation of Russia also selected the PurePower PW1000G engine to power the proposed new Irkut MC-21 passenger aircraft, which is planned to enter into service in 2016. The success of these aircraft and the PurePower PW1000G engine is dependent upon many factors including technological challenges, aircraft demand, and regulatory approval. Based on these factors, as well as the level of success of aircraft program launches by aircraft manufacturers and other conditions, additional investment in the PurePower program may be required.


 

13


In view of the risks and costs associated with developing new engines, Pratt & Whitney has entered into collaboration arrangements in which sales, costs and risks are shared. At December 31, 2010, the interests of third party participants in Pratt & Whitney-directed commercial jet engine programs ranged from 14 percent to 48 percent. In addition, Pratt & Whitney has interests in other engine programs, including a 33 percent interest in the International Aero Engines (IAE) collaboration, which sells and supports V2500 engines for the Airbus A320 family of aircraft. At December 31, 2010, portions of Pratt & Whitney’s interests in IAE (equivalent to 4 percent of the overall IAE collaboration) were held by third party participants. Pratt & Whitney also has a 50 percent interest in the Engine Alliance (EA), a joint venture with GE Aviation, which markets and manufactures the GP7000 engine for the Airbus A380 aircraft. At December 31, 2010, 40 percent of Pratt & Whitney’s 50 percent interest in the EA was held by third party participants. Pratt & Whitney continues to pursue additional collaboration partners.

 

     Factors Contributing to Total % Change Year-Over-Year  in:  
     2010     2009  
     Net Sales     Operating
Profits
    Net Sales     Operating
Profits
 

Organic sales* / Operational operating profit*

    —             (3)%        (9)%        (5)%   

Foreign currency (including P&WC net hedging)*

    4 %        9 %        (2)%        (6)%   

Restructuring

    —             3 %        —             (3)%   

Other

    —             (1)%        —             —        

Total % Change

    4 %        8 %        (11)%        (14)%   

 

* As discussed further in the “Business Overview” and “Results of Operations” sections, for Pratt & Whitney only, the transactional impact of foreign exchange hedging at P&WC has been netted against the translational foreign exchange impact for presentation purposes in the above table. For all other segments, these foreign exchange transactional impacts are included within the organic sales/operational operating profit caption in their respective tables. Due to its significance to Pratt & Whitney’s overall operating results, we believe it is useful to segregate the foreign exchange transactional impact in order to clearly identify the underlying financial performance.

2010 Compared with 2009

Pratt & Whitney’s sales increased $543 million (4%) in 2010, as compared with 2009. Organic sales were essentially flat year-over-year. Growth in the large commercial engine business (4%), driven by higher commercial spares and aftermarket sales volumes, and an increase in the military engine business (1%) on higher engine deliveries, were mostly offset by lower sales at P&WC (2%) due to decreased engine sales volume and a decline at Pratt & Whitney Power Systems (2%) from lower industrial sales volumes. The impact from foreign currency

(4%) reflects the beneficial transactional impact of foreign exchange hedging at P&WC.

Pratt & Whitney’s operating profits increased $152 million (8%) in 2010, as compared with 2009. The operational profit decline (3%) primarily reflects higher year-over-year research and development costs. Lower profits at P&WC (9%) driven by decreased engine sales volumes were offset by higher profit contribution from the large commercial engine business (6%) driven by higher commercial spares and aftermarket sales volumes and an increase in the military engine business (3%).

2009 Compared with 2008

Pratt & Whitney’s sales decreased $1,457 million (11%) in 2009, as compared with 2008. The decrease was primarily attributable to decreased engine shipments and lower aftermarket volume at P&WC (4%), lower commercial spares and aftermarket volume (4%), and the adverse impact of net hedging activity (2%).

Pratt & Whitney’s operating profits decreased $287 million (14%) in 2009, as compared with 2008. The operational decline was primarily driven by lower aftermarket volumes and decreased engine shipments in the large commercial engine business (9%) and at P&WC (5%), partially offset by the favorable impact of lower research and development spending (6%) and the profit contribution from higher military engine volumes (2%).

Hamilton Sundstrand is among the world’s leading suppliers of technologically advanced aerospace and industrial products and aftermarket services for diversified industries worldwide. Hamilton Sundstrand’s aerospace products, such as power generation, management and distribution systems, flight control systems, engine control systems, environmental control systems, fire protection and detection systems, auxiliary power units and propeller systems, serve commercial, military, regional, business and general aviation, as well as military ground vehicle, space and undersea applications. Aftermarket services include spare parts, overhaul and repair, engineering and technical support and fleet maintenance programs. Hamilton Sundstrand sells aerospace products to airframe manufacturers, the U.S. and foreign governments, aircraft operators and independent distributors. Hamilton Sundstrand’s principal industrial products, such as air compressors, metering pumps and fluid handling equipment, serve industries involved with chemical and hydrocarbon processing, oil and gas production, water and wastewater treatment and construction. Hamilton Sundstrand sells these products under the Sullair, Sundyne, Milton Roy and other brand names directly to end


 

14


users, and through manufacturer representatives and distributors.

 

Factors Contributing to Total % Change Year-Over-Year in:  
     2010     2009  
     Net Sales     Operating
Profits
    Net Sales     Operating
Profits
 

Organic sales / Operational operating profit

    1 %        8 %        (7)%        (11)%   

Foreign currency translation

    —             (1)%        (1)%        (1)%   

Acquisitions and divestitures, net

    —             —             (1)%        (1)%   

Restructuring

    —             6 %        —            (7)%   

Other

    —             (6)%        —            (2)%   

Total % Change

    1 %        7 %        (9)%        (22)%   

2010 Compared with 2009

Hamilton Sundstrand’s sales increased $48 million (1%) in 2010, as compared with 2009. The organic sales growth reflects higher volumes in the industrial business (2%), partially offset by a decline in the aerospace business (1%). The industrial business increase was led by the compressor business attributable to general increases in infrastructure and industrial spending particularly in the U.S. and Asia. The decline within the aerospace business reflects lower OEM sales volume (2%) partially offset by an increase in the aftermarket business (1%) primarily as a result of higher commercial spares and repair volume.

Hamilton Sundstrand’s operating profits increased $61 million (7%) in 2010, as compared with 2009. The 8% improvement in operational profit reflects an increase in the industrial business (7%), reflecting the benefit from higher volumes and cost reduction initiatives, and an increase within the aerospace business (1%). The 1% improvement within aerospace reflects favorable net operating performance, including the benefit of ongoing cost reduction initiatives, and volume growth from higher margin commercial aftermarket sales partially offset by the impact from adverse mix within OEM sales (net combined 8%). This 8% improvement was mostly offset by higher year-over-year research and development costs (7%). The decrease contributed by “Other” primarily reflects the impact of an asset impairment charge recorded in 2010 related to the expected disposition of an aerospace business and the absence of a gain from the sale of a business in 2009.

2009 Compared with 2008

Hamilton Sundstrand’s sales decreased $567 million (9%) in 2009, as compared with 2008. The organic sales decline reflects lower volumes in both the industrial (4%) and aerospace (3%) businesses. The decrease within aerospace was primarily attributable to aftermarket volume declines.

Hamilton Sundstrand’s operating profits decreased $242 million (22%) in 2009, as compared with 2008. The decrease in operational profit reflects declines in the aerospace (13%) and industrial (4%) businesses, partially offset by lower year-over-year research and development costs (6%). The 2% decrease in “Other” primarily reflects the net year-over-year impact of gains recognized in 2008 relating to divestiture activities.

Sikorsky is the world’s largest helicopter company. Sikorsky manufactures military and commercial helicopters and also provides aftermarket helicopter and aircraft parts and services. In December 2007, the U.S. government and Sikorsky signed a five-year multi-service contract for 537 H-60 helicopters to be delivered to the U.S. Army and U.S. Navy, which include the UH-60M, HH-60M, MH-60S and MH-60R. The current contract value for expected deliveries over the five year term is approximately $8.5 billion and includes options for an additional 263 aircraft, spare parts, and kits, with the total contract value potentially reaching $11.6 billion making it the largest contract in UTC and Sikorsky history. Actual production quantities will be determined year-by-year over the life of the program based on funding allocations set by Congress and Pentagon acquisition priorities. The deliveries of the aircraft are scheduled to be made through 2012. Sikorsky is also developing the CH-53K next generation heavy lift helicopter for the U.S. Marine Corps and the CH-148 derivative of the H-92 helicopter, a military variant of the S-92 helicopter, for the Canadian government. The latter is being developed under an approximately $3 billion firm, fixed-price contract that provides for the development, production, and 24-year logistical support of 28 helicopters. This is the largest and most expansive fixed-price development contract in Sikorsky’s history. As previously disclosed, in June 2010 Sikorsky and the Canadian government signed contract amendments that revised the delivery schedule and contract specifications, and established the requirements for the first six interim aircraft deliveries to enable initial operational test and evaluation activities prior to the scheduled delivery of final configuration helicopters starting in June 2012. The amendments also included modifications to the liquidated damages schedule, readjustment of payment schedules, resolution of open disputes and other program enhancements. Delivery of the interim configuration helicopters was scheduled to commence in November 2010, but is now expected to begin in the first quarter of 2011. Sikorsky’s aftermarket business includes spare parts sales, overhaul and repair services, maintenance contracts and logistics support programs for helicopters and other aircraft. Sales are principally made to the U.S. and foreign governments, and commercial helicopter operators. Sikorsky is increasingly engaging in logistics support programs and partnering with its government and commercial


 

15


customers to manage and provide logistics, maintenance and repair services.

 

Factors Contributing to Total % Change Year-Over-Year in:  
     2010     2009  
     Net Sales     Operating
Profits
    Net Sales     Operating
Profits
 

Organic sales / Operational operating profit

    6 %        17 %        18 %        36 %   

Acquisitions and divestitures, net

    —            (1)%        —            —       

Restructuring

    —            (1)%        —            (1)%   

Other

    —            3 %        —            (8)%   

Total % Change

    6 %        18 %        18 %        27 %   

2010 Compared with 2009

Sikorsky’s sales increased $397 million (6%) in 2010, as compared with 2009. The organic sales growth was primarily attributable to higher military aircraft sales (6%), partially offset by the impact of fewer aircraft deliveries from commercial operations (2%) due to continued commercial market weakness. Sales from aftermarket support increased (2%) primarily driven by higher military sales volume and aircraft modernizations.

Sikorsky’s operating profits increased $108 million (18%) in 2010, as compared with 2009. The operational profit improvement was primarily attributable to increased military aircraft sales (15%), partially offset by a decline in commercial operations (2%) due to unfavorable aircraft configuration mix and fewer deliveries as a result of continued commercial market weakness. Improvement in aftermarket support (4%) was driven by higher military sales and aircraft modernizations. Higher year-over-year research and development costs were substantially offset by lower manufacturing costs. The 3% increase contributed by “Other” primarily reflects the absence of prior year costs associated with a union contract ratified in 2009.

2009 Compared with 2008

Sikorsky’s sales increased $941 million (18%) in 2009, as compared with 2008. The organic sales increase was primarily driven by higher volumes of military aircraft deliveries partially offset by a reduction in commercial aircraft sales due to a competitive marketplace.

Sikorsky’s operating profits increased $130 million (27%) in 2009, as compared with 2008. The operational profit improvement was primarily attributable to increased aircraft deliveries and favorable aircraft mix (41%) within the military market, partially offset by reduced operational profit (10%) within commercial operations due primarily to a competitive marketplace. The remainder of the increase is primarily comprised of favorable contract adjustments. The 8% decrease in “Other” primarily reflects the adverse impact associated with a new union contract.

Eliminations and other

Eliminations and other reflects the elimination of sales, other income and operating profit transacted between segments, as well as the operating results of certain smaller businesses such as UTC Power and Clipper. The year-over-year change in the operating profit elimination in 2010, as compared with 2009, is primarily attributable to the previously disclosed impairment charge on our investment in Clipper and higher legal costs, partially offset by the net impact from the absence of certain items in 2009. These prior year items include curtailment charges related to the impact of headcount reductions on our domestic pension plans and to increased inventory reserves and project related reserves recorded at UTC Power.

Liquidity and Financial Condition

 

(Dollars in millions)   2010     2009  

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 4,083     $ 4,449  

Total debt

    10,289       9,744  

Net debt (total debt less cash and cash equivalents)

    6,206       5,295  

Total equity

    22,332       20,999  

Total capitalization (debt plus equity)

    32,621       30,743  

Net capitalization (debt plus equity less cash and cash equivalents)

    28,538       26,294  

Debt to total capitalization

    32%        32%   

Net debt to net capitalization

    22%        20%   

We assess our liquidity in terms of our ability to generate cash to fund our operating, investing and financing activities. Our principal source of liquidity is operating cash flows, which, after netting out capital expenditures, we target to equal or exceed net income attributable to common shareowners. In addition to operating cash flows, other significant factors that affect our overall management of liquidity include: capital expenditures, customer financing requirements, investments in businesses, dividends, common stock repurchases, pension funding, access to the commercial paper markets, adequacy of available bank lines of credit, and the ability to attract long-term capital at satisfactory terms.

Although the global financial crisis experienced over the last several years has subsided, the recovery remains fragile and uneven and demand for credit availability remains high. In light of these circumstances, we continue to assess our current business, are closely monitoring the impact on our customers and suppliers, and have determined that overall there has not been a significant effect on our financial position, results of operations or liquidity during 2010. Due to the substantial improvement in equity markets during the course of 2010 and 2009, our domestic pension funds experienced a positive return on assets of approximately 15% and 21%, respectively. The continued recognition of prior pension losses and the impact of a lower discount rate, partially offset by additional funding and the positive returns experienced during 2010, is expected to


 

16


increase pension expense in 2011 by approximately $150 million as compared to 2010.

Approximately 89% of our domestic pension plans are invested in readily-liquid investments, including equity, fixed income, asset backed receivables and structured products. The balance of our domestic pension plans (11%) is invested in less-liquid but market-valued investments, including real estate and private equity.

As discussed further below, our strong debt ratings and financial position have historically enabled us to issue long-term debt at favorable market rates, including our issuance of $2.25 billion of long-term debt in February 2010. Our ability to obtain debt financing at comparable risk-based interest rates is partly a function of our existing debt-to-total-capitalization level as well as our current credit standing.

At December 31, 2010, we had new committed revolving credit agreements from banks permitting aggregate borrowings of up to $3.0 billion under a $1.6 billion revolving credit agreement and a $1.4 billion multicurrency revolving credit agreement, which expire in November 2014 and December 2014, respectively. These new revolving credit agreements were signed on November 30, 2010 and December 3, 2010, respectively, to replace our former revolving credit agreements which had permitted aggregate borrowings of up to $2.5 billion under a $1.5 billion revolving credit agreement and a $1.0 billion multicurrency revolving credit agreement which were set to expire in October 2011 and November 2011, respectively. As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, there were no borrowings under these revolving credit agreements. The undrawn portions of our revolving credit agreements are also available to serve as backup facilities for the issuance of commercial paper. In December 2010, our maximum commercial paper borrowing authority was increased from $2.5 billion to $3 billion. In addition, at December 31, 2010, approximately $2 billion was available under short-term lines of credit with local banks at our various domestic and international subsidiaries.

We continue to have access to the commercial paper markets and our existing credit facilities, and expect to continue to generate strong operating cash flows. While the impact of continued market volatility cannot be predicted, we believe we have sufficient operating flexibility, cash reserves and funding sources to maintain adequate amounts of liquidity and to meet our future operating cash needs.

Given our extensive international operations, most of our cash is denominated in foreign currencies. We manage our worldwide cash requirements by considering available funds among the many subsidiaries through which we conduct our business and the cost effectiveness with which those funds can be accessed. The repatriation of cash balances from certain of our subsidiaries could have adverse tax consequences or be subject to capital controls; however, those balances are

generally available without legal restrictions to fund ordinary business operations. As discussed in Note 10, with few exceptions, U.S. income taxes have not been provided on undistributed earnings of international subsidiaries. Our intention is to reinvest these earnings permanently or to repatriate the earnings only when it is tax effective to do so.

As also discussed in Note 10, changes in U.S. tax legislation enacted during 2010 led to management’s decision to repatriate an increased amount of current year high tax dividends to the U.S. in 2010. The favorable tax benefit generated by these dividends was substantially offset by the tax cost related to the repatriation of other current year earnings. As a result, approximately $2.5 billion of foreign subsidiary cash was repatriated to the U.S. during 2010, primarily through receipt of dividends from current year earnings, the tax free return of capital, and intercompany loans. These funds were largely used to repay commercial paper borrowings at yearend.

On occasion, we are required to maintain cash deposits with certain banks with respect to contractual obligations related to acquisitions or divestitures or other legal obligations. As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, the amount of restricted cash was approximately $75 million and $43 million. As of December 31, 2010, all restricted cash was included in current assets. As of December 31, 2009, approximately $41 million of restricted cash was included in current assets and $2 million was included in long-term assets.

We believe our future operating cash flows will be sufficient to meet our future operating cash needs. Further, our ability to obtain debt or equity financing, as well as the availability under committed credit lines, provides additional potential sources of liquidity should they be required.

Cash Flow from Operating Activities

 

(Dollars in millions)   2010     2009  

Net cash flows provided by operating activities

  $ 5,906     $ 5,353  

The increase in cash generated from operating activities in 2010 as compared with 2009, is due to the increase in net income attributable to common shareowners. Higher working capital cash requirements in 2010 were offset by the net combined improvements in other operational accounts reflecting normal operational activity. Although working capital generated a $525 million cash inflow in 2010, it was $540 million lower than the approximately $1.1 billion cash inflow generated during 2009. This decline of $540 million in 2010 was primarily driven by improved sales volumes that resulted in higher working capital requirements. Although working capital levels grew, the rate of growth was restrained due to a strong management focus on base working capital levels.

The funded status of our pension plans is dependent upon many factors, including returns on invested assets and the level


 

17


of market interest rates. We can contribute cash or company stock to our plans at our discretion, subject to applicable regulations. Total cash contributions to our global defined benefit pension plans during each of 2010 and 2009 were approximately $1.3 billion. We also contributed $250 million in UTC common stock to these plans during 2010. We did not contribute any UTC common stock to these plans during 2009. As of December 31, 2010, the total investment by the defined benefit pension plans in our securities was approximately 3% of total plan assets. Improved investment returns and additional voluntary pension contributions during 2010 have improved the funded status of all plans, helping to minimize future funding requirements. We expect to make contributions of approximately $450 million to our global pension plans in 2011, including approximately $250 million to our domestic plans. Contributions to our defined pension plans in 2011 are expected to meet or exceed the current funding requirements.

Cash Flow from Investing Activities

 

(Dollars in millions)   2010     2009  

Net cash flows used in investing activities

  $ (3,187   $ (1,104

The year-over-year increase in the net use of cash flows from investing activities is largely a result of a $2.1 billion increase in our cash investment in businesses in 2010 as compared with 2009. The cash investment in businesses across all of our operations in 2010 was approximately $2.8 billion and primarily reflects the acquisition of the GE Security business for approximately $1.8 billion and the acquisition of Clipper for approximately $350 million. The remainder consisted of a number of small acquisitions in both our aerospace and commercial businesses. Cash investment in businesses across all of our operations in 2009 was $703 million and primarily consisted of a number of small acquisitions in both our aerospace and commercial businesses, including the acquisition of a controlling interest in GST Holdings Limited (GST), a fire alarm system provider in China. The acquisition of these additional shares in GST was partially funded from cash that was previously restricted. We expect total investments in businesses in 2011 to approximate $1.5 billion; however, actual acquisition spending may vary depending upon the timing, availability and appropriate value of acquisition opportunities.

Customer financing activities was a net use of cash of $55 million in 2010, compared to a net use of cash of $91 million for 2009. While we expect that 2011 customer financing activity will be a net use of funds, actual funding is subject to usage under existing customer financing commitments during the year. We may also arrange for third-party investors to assume a portion of our commitments. We had commercial aerospace financing and other contractual commitments of

approximately $2.0 billion related to commercial aircraft and certain contractual rights to provide product on new aircraft platforms at December 31, 2010; as much as $384 million of the outstanding commitments may be required to be disbursed during 2011. Refer to Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional discussion of our commercial aerospace industry assets and commitments.

Cash Flow from Financing Activities

 

(Dollars in millions)   2010     2009  

Net cash flows used in financing activities

  $ (3,153   $ (4,191

The timing and levels of certain cash flow activities, such as acquisitions and repurchases of our stock, have resulted in the issuance of both long-term and short-term debt. Commercial paper borrowings and revolving credit facilities provide short-term liquidity to supplement operating cash flows and are used for general corporate purposes, including the funding of potential acquisitions and repurchases of our stock. We had no commercial paper outstanding at December 31, 2010 or 2009. During the fourth quarter of 2010, the cash that management decided to repatriate to the U.S., as a result of recent U.S. tax law changes, was largely used to repay commercial paper balances that were outstanding as of September 30, 2010.

In February 2010, we issued $2.25 billion of long-term debt. We used the net proceeds from these issuances primarily to fund a portion of the acquisition of the GE Security business and to repay commercial paper borrowings. In May 2010, we repaid the entire $600 million outstanding principal amount of our 4.375% notes at maturity. In June 2010, we redeemed the entire $500 million outstanding principal amount of our 7.125% notes that would otherwise have been due November 15, 2010 and in September 2010, we redeemed the entire $500 million outstanding principal amount of our 6.350% notes that would otherwise have been due March 1, 2011. In February 2009, we redeemed the entire $500 million outstanding principal amount of our LIBOR+.07% floating rate notes that would otherwise have been due June 1, 2009 at a redemption price in U.S. dollars equal to 100% of the principal amount, plus interest accrued. In June 2009, we repaid the entire $400 million outstanding principal amount of our 6.500% notes due 2009 at maturity. In December 2009, we redeemed the entire $33 million outstanding principal amount of our 7.675% ESOP debt that was due December 10, 2009 at a redemption price in U.S. dollars equal to 100% of the principal amount, plus interest accrued.

Financing cash outflows for 2010 and 2009 included the repurchase of 31.0 million and 19.1 million shares of our common stock for approximately $2.2 billion and $1.1 billion,


 

18


respectively, under a 60 million share repurchase program. On March 10, 2010, the Board of Directors authorized a new 60 million common share repurchase program that replaced the previous program, approved in June 2008, which was nearing completion. Approximately 4.9 million of the shares repurchased during 2010 were repurchased under the previous program and approximately 26.1 million under the new program. In addition to management’s view that the repurchase of our common stock is a beneficial investment, we also repurchase to offset the dilutive effect of the issuance of stock and options under the stock-based employee benefit programs. At December 31, 2010, we had remaining authority to repurchase approximately 33.9 million shares under the current program. We expect total share repurchases in 2011 to approximate $2.5 billion; however, total repurchases may vary depending upon various factors including the level of other investing activities.

We paid dividends of $0.425 per share in the first quarter of 2010 totaling $373 million, $0.425 per share in the second quarter of 2010 totaling $371 million, $0.425 per share in the third quarter of 2010 totaling $370 million, and $0.425 per share in the fourth quarter of 2010 totaling $368 million. During 2009, an aggregate $1,356 million of cash dividends were paid to shareowners.

Critical Accounting Estimates

Preparation of our financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements describes the significant accounting policies used in preparation of the Consolidated Financial Statements. Management believes the most complex and sensitive judgments, because of their significance to the Consolidated Financial Statements, result primarily from the need to make estimates about the effects of matters that are inherently uncertain. The most significant areas involving management judgments and estimates are described below. Actual results in these areas could differ from management’s estimates.

Long-term Contract Accounting. We utilize percentage of completion accounting on certain of our long-term contracts. The percentage of completion method requires estimates of future revenues and costs over the full term of product and/or service delivery. We also utilize the completed-contract method of accounting on certain lesser value commercial contracts. Under the completed-contract method, sales and cost of sales are recognized when a contract is completed.

Losses, if any, on long-term contracts are provided for when anticipated. We recognize loss provisions on original equipment contracts to the extent that estimated inventoriable manufacturing, engineering, product warranty and product

performance guarantee costs, as appropriate, exceed the projected revenue from the products contemplated under the contractual arrangement. For new commitments, we generally record loss provisions at the earlier of contract announcement or contract signing except for certain requirements contracts under which losses are recorded based upon receipt of the purchase order. For existing commitments, anticipated losses on contracts are recognized in the period in which losses become evident. Products contemplated under the contractual arrangement include products purchased under the contract and, in the large commercial engine business, future highly probable sales of replacement parts required by regulation that are expected to be purchased subsequently for incorporation into the original equipment. Revenue projections used in determining contract loss provisions are based upon estimates of the quantity, pricing and timing of future product deliveries. We generally recognize losses on shipment to the extent that inventoriable manufacturing costs, estimated warranty costs and product performance guarantee costs, as appropriate, exceed revenue realized. We measure the extent of progress toward completion on our long-term commercial aerospace equipment and helicopter contracts using units of delivery. In addition, we use the cost-to-cost method for elevator and escalator sales, installation and modernization contracts in the commercial businesses. For long-term aftermarket contracts, we recognize revenue over the contract period in proportion to the costs expected to be incurred in performing services under the contract. Contract accounting also requires estimates of future costs over the performance period of the contract as well as an estimate of award fees and other sources of revenue.

Contract costs are incurred over a period of time, which can be several years, and the estimation of these costs requires management’s judgment. The long-term nature of these contracts, the complexity of the products, and the strict safety and performance standards under which they are regulated can affect our ability to estimate costs precisely. As a result, we review and update our cost estimates on significant contracts on a quarterly basis, and no less frequently than annually for all others, or when circumstances change and warrant a modification to a previous estimate. We record adjustments to contract loss provisions in earnings in the period identified.

Income Taxes. The future tax benefit arising from net deductible temporary differences and tax carryforwards was $3.6 billion at December 31, 2010 and $3.8 billion at December 31, 2009. Management believes that our earnings during the periods when the temporary differences become deductible will be sufficient to realize the related future income tax benefits. For those jurisdictions where the expiration date of tax carryforwards or the projected operating results indicate that realization is not likely, a valuation allowance is provided.


 

19


In assessing the need for a valuation allowance, we estimate future taxable income, considering the feasibility of ongoing tax planning strategies and the realizability of tax loss carryforwards. Valuation allowances related to deferred tax assets can be affected by changes to tax laws, changes to statutory tax rates and future taxable income levels. In the event we were to determine that we would not be able to realize all or a portion of our deferred tax assets in the future, we would reduce such amounts through an increase to tax expense in the period in which that determination is made or when tax law changes are enacted. Conversely, if we were to determine that we would be able to realize our deferred tax assets in the future in excess of the net carrying amounts, we would decrease the recorded valuation allowance through a decrease to tax expense in the period in which that determination is made. Effective with our January 1, 2009 adoption of the provisions of the Business Combinations Topic of the FASB ASC, adjustments for valuation allowances on deferred taxes and acquired tax contingencies associated with a business combination will generally affect income tax expense as opposed to being recorded as an adjustment to goodwill.

In the ordinary course of business there is inherent uncertainty in quantifying our income tax positions. We assess our income tax positions and record tax benefits for all years subject to examination based upon management’s evaluation of the facts, circumstances and information available at the reporting date. For those tax positions where it is more likely than not that a tax benefit will be sustained, we have recorded the largest amount of tax benefit with a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement with a taxing authority that has full knowledge of all relevant information. For those income tax positions where it is not more likely than not that a tax benefit will be sustained, no tax benefit has been recognized in the financial statements. See Notes 1 and 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.

Goodwill and Intangible Assets. Our investments in businesses in 2010 totaled $2.8 billion, including approximately $39 million of debt assumed. The assets and liabilities of acquired businesses are recorded under the purchase method of accounting at their estimated fair values at the dates of acquisition. Goodwill represents costs in excess of fair values assigned to the underlying net assets of acquired businesses. Intangible assets consist of service portfolios, patents and trademarks, customer relationships and other intangible assets. Included within other intangible assets are commercial aerospace payments made to secure certain contractual rights to provide product on new aircraft platforms. Payments made on these contractual commitments are to be amortized as the related units are delivered.

Goodwill and intangible assets deemed to have indefinite lives are not amortized, but are subject to annual impairment testing. This testing compares carrying values to fair values and, when appropriate, the carrying value of these assets is reduced to fair value. The identification and measurement of goodwill impairment involves the estimation of the fair value of reporting units. The estimates of fair value of reporting units are based on the best information available as of the date of the assessment, which primarily incorporates management assumptions about expected future cash flows, includes market assumptions, and contemplates other valuation techniques. Future cash flows can be affected by changes in industry or market conditions or the rate and extent to which anticipated synergies or cost savings are realized with newly acquired entities. We completed our assessment of goodwill as of July 1, 2010 and determined that no impairment existed at that date. Although no significant goodwill impairment has been recorded to date, there can be no assurances that future goodwill impairments will not occur. However, a 10% decrease in the estimated fair value of any of our reporting units at the date of our 2010 assessment would not have resulted in a goodwill impairment charge. See Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.

Product Performance. We extend performance and operating cost guarantees beyond our normal service and warranty policies for extended periods on some of our products, particularly commercial aircraft engines. Liability under such guarantees is based upon future product performance and durability. In addition, we incur discretionary costs to service our products in connection with product performance issues. We accrue for such costs that are probable and can be reasonably estimated. The costs associated with these product performance and operating cost guarantees require estimates over the full terms of the agreements, and require management to consider factors such as the extent of future maintenance requirements and the future cost of material and labor to perform the services. These cost estimates are largely based upon historical experience. See Note 15 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.

Contracting with the U.S. Government. Our contracts with the U.S. government are subject to government oversight and audit. Like many defense contractors, we have received audit reports, which recommend that certain contract prices should be reduced to comply with various government regulations. Some of these audit reports have involved substantial amounts. We have made voluntary refunds in those cases we believe appropriate, have settled some allegations and continue to litigate certain cases. In addition, we accrue for liabilities associated with those government contracting matters that are


 

20


probable and can be reasonably estimated. The inherent uncertainty related to the outcome of these matters can result in amounts materially different from any provisions made with respect to their resolution. See Note 17 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion. We recorded sales to the U.S. government of $9.9 billion, $9.3 billion, and $8.0 billion in 2010, 2009, and 2008, respectively.

Employee Benefit Plans. We sponsor domestic and foreign defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans. Major assumptions used in the accounting for these employee benefit plans include the discount rate, expected return on plan assets, rate of increase in employee compensation levels, and health care cost increase projections. Assumptions are determined based on company data and appropriate market indicators, and are evaluated each year at December 31. A change in any of these assumptions would have an effect on net periodic pension and postretirement benefit costs reported in the Consolidated Financial Statements.

In the following table, we show the sensitivity of our pension and other postretirement benefit plan liabilities and net annual periodic cost to a 25 basis point change in the discount rate as of December 31, 2010.

 

(Dollars in millions)   Increase in
Discount Rate
of 25 bps
    Decrease in
Discount Rate
of 25 bps
 

Pension plans

       

Projected benefit obligation

  $ (691   $ 715  

Net periodic pension cost

    (62     64  
   

Other postretirement benefit plans

       

Accumulated postretirement benefit obligation

    (13     13  

Net periodic postretirement benefit cost

             

Pension expense is also sensitive to changes in the expected long-term rate of asset return. An increase or decrease of 25 basis points in the expected long-term rate of asset return would have decreased or increased 2010 pension expense by approximately $52 million.

The weighted-average discount rate used to measure pension liabilities and costs is set by reference to UTC specific analysis using each plan’s specific cash flows and is then compared to high-quality bond indices for reasonableness. Global market interest rates have decreased in 2010 as compared with 2009 and, as a result, the weighted-average discount rate used to measure pension liabilities decreased from 5.9% in 2009 to 5.4% in 2010. In December 2009, we amended the salaried retirement plans (qualified and non-qualified) to change the retirement formula effective January 1, 2015. At that time, final average earnings (FAE) and credited service will stop under the formula applicable for hires before July 1, 2002.

Employees hired after 2009 are not eligible for any defined benefit pension plan and will instead receive an enhanced benefit under the UTC Savings Plan. The continued recognition of prior pension losses and the impact of a lower discount rate, as partially offset by positive returns experienced during 2010 and additional funding during 2010, will increase pension costs in 2011, as compared to 2010, by approximately $150 million. See Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.

Inventory Valuation Reserves. Inventory valuation reserves are established in order to report inventories at the lower of cost or market value on our Consolidated Balance Sheet. The determination of inventory valuation reserves requires management to make estimates and judgments on the future salability of inventories. Valuation reserves for excess, obsolete, and slow-moving inventory are estimated by comparing the inventory levels of individual parts to both future sales forecasts or production requirements and historical usage rates in order to identify inventory where the resale value or replacement value is less than inventoriable cost. Other factors that management considers in determining the adequacy of these reserves include whether individual inventory parts meet current specifications and cannot be substituted for a part currently being sold or used as a service part, overall market conditions, and other inventory management initiatives.

As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, we had $799 million and $683 million, respectively, of inventory valuation reserves recorded. Although management believes these reserves are adequate, any abrupt changes in market conditions may require us to record additional inventory valuation reserves.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations

We extend a variety of financial guarantees to third parties in support of unconsolidated affiliates and for potential financing requirements of commercial aerospace customers. We also have obligations arising from sales of certain businesses and assets, including indemnities for representations and warranties and environmental, health and safety, tax and employment matters. Circumstances that could cause the contingent obligations and liabilities arising from these arrangements to come to fruition include changes in an underlying transaction (e.g., hazardous waste discoveries, etc.), nonperformance under a contract, customer requests for financing, or deterioration in the financial condition of the guaranteed party.


 

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A summary of our consolidated contractual obligations and commitments as of December 31, 2010 is as follows:

 

            Payments Due by Period  
(Dollars in millions)   Total     2011     2012-2013     2014-2015     Thereafter  

Long-term debt – principal

  $ 10,173     $ 163     $ 547     $ 1,245     $ 8,218  

Long-term debt – future interest

    8,738       584       1,129       1,076       5,949  

Operating leases

    1,805       500       670       279       356  

Purchase obligations

    13,161       7,314       3,400       1,094       1,353  

Other long-term liabilities

    4,025       1,146       1,180       1,026       673  

Total contractual obligations

  $ 37,902     $ 9,707     $ 6,926     $ 4,720     $ 16,549  

Purchase obligations include amounts committed under legally enforceable contracts or purchase orders for goods and services with defined terms as to price, quantity, delivery and termination liability. Approximately 27% of the purchase obligations disclosed above represent purchase orders for products to be delivered under firm contracts with the U.S. government for which we have full recourse under customary contract termination clauses.

Other long-term liabilities primarily include those amounts on our December 31, 2010 balance sheet representing obligations under product service and warranty policies, performance and operating cost guarantees, estimated environmental remediation costs and expected contributions under employee benefit programs. The timing of expected cash flows associated with these obligations is based upon management’s estimates over the terms of these agreements and is largely based upon historical experience.

The above table does not reflect unrecognized tax benefits of $891 million, the timing of which is uncertain, except for approximately $60 million that may become payable during 2011. Refer to Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional discussion on unrecognized tax benefits.

Commercial Commitments

 

            Amount of Commitment Expiration per Period  
(Dollars in millions)   Committed     2011     2012-2013     2014-2015     Thereafter  

Commercial aerospace financing and other contractual commitments        

  $ 2,032     $ 384     $ 524     $ 377     $ 747  

IAE financing arrangements*

    992       224       391       284       93  

Unconsolidated subsidiary debt guarantees

    225       105       42              78  

Commercial aerospace financing arrangements

    336       22       50       9       255  

Commercial customer financing arrangements

    191       191                       

Performance guarantees

    40       40                       

Total commercial commitments

  $ 3,816     $ 966     $ 1,007     $ 670     $ 1,173  

 

* Represents IAE’s gross obligation; our proportionate share of IAE’s obligations are 33%.

Refer to Notes 4, 15, and 17 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional discussion on contractual and commercial commitments.

Market Risk and Risk Management

We are exposed to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates and commodity prices. To manage certain of those exposures, we use derivative instruments, including swaps, forward contracts and options. Derivative instruments utilized by us in our hedging activities are viewed as risk management tools, involve little complexity and are not used for trading or speculative purposes. We diversify the counterparties used and monitor the concentration of risk to limit our counterparty exposure.

We have evaluated our exposure to changes in foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates and commodity prices in our market risk sensitive instruments, which are primarily cash, debt and derivative instruments, using a value at risk analysis. Based on a 95% confidence level and a one-day holding period, at December 31, 2010, the potential loss in fair value on our market risk sensitive instruments was not material in relation to our financial position, results of operations or cash flows. Our calculated value at risk exposure represents an estimate of reasonably possible net losses based on volatilities and correlations and is not necessarily indicative of actual results.


 

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Refer to Notes 1, 8 and 13 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional discussion of foreign currency exchange, interest rates and financial instruments.

Foreign Currency Exposures. We have a large volume of foreign currency exposures that result from our international sales, purchases, investments, borrowings and other international transactions. International segment sales, including U.S. export sales, averaged approximately $34 billion over the last three years. We actively manage foreign currency exposures that are associated with committed foreign currency purchases and sales and other assets and liabilities created in the normal course of business at the operating unit level. More than insignificant exposures that cannot be naturally offset within an operating unit are hedged with foreign currency derivatives. We also have a significant amount of foreign currency net asset exposures. Currently, we do not hold any derivative contracts that hedge our foreign currency net asset exposures but may consider such strategies in the future.

Within aerospace, our sales are typically denominated in U.S. dollars under accepted industry convention. However, for our non-U.S. based entities, such as P&WC, a substantial portion of their costs are incurred in local currencies. Consequently, there is a foreign currency exchange impact and risk to operational results as U.S. dollars must be converted to local currencies such as the Canadian dollar in order to meet local currency cost obligations. In order to minimize the exposure that exists from changes in the exchange rate of the U.S. dollar against these other currencies, we hedge a certain portion of sales to secure the rates at which U.S. dollars will be converted. The majority of this hedging activity occurs at P&WC. At P&WC, firm and forecasted sales for both engines and spare parts are hedged at varying amounts up to 32 months on the U.S. dollar sales exposure as represented by the excess of U.S. dollar sales over U.S. dollar denominated purchases. Hedging gains and losses resulting from movements in foreign currency exchange rates are partially offset by the foreign currency translation impacts that are generated on the translation of local currency operating results into U.S. dollars for reporting purposes. While the objective of the hedging program is to minimize the foreign currency exchange impact on operating results, there are typically variances between the hedging gains or losses and the translational impact due to the length of hedging contracts, changes in the sales profile, volatility in the exchange rates and other such operational considerations.

Interest Rate Exposures. Our long-term debt portfolio consists mostly of fixed-rate instruments. From time to time, we may hedge to floating rates using interest rate swaps. The hedges are designated as fair value hedges and the gains and losses on the swaps are reported in interest expense, reflecting that

portion of interest expense at a variable rate. We issue commercial paper, which exposes us to changes in interest rates. Currently, we do not hold any derivative contracts that hedge our interest exposures, but may consider such strategies in the future.

Commodity Price Exposures. We are exposed to volatility in the prices of raw materials used in some of our products and from time to time we may use forward contracts in limited circumstances to manage some of those exposures. In the future, if hedges are used, gains and losses may affect earnings. There were no significant outstanding commodity hedges as of December 31, 2010.

Environmental Matters

Our operations are subject to environmental regulation by federal, state and local authorities in the United States and regulatory authorities with jurisdiction over our foreign operations. As a result, we have established, and continually update, policies relating to environmental standards of performance for our operations worldwide. We believe that expenditures necessary to comply with the present regulations governing environmental protection will not have a material effect upon our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

We have identified 596 locations, mostly in the United States, at which we may have some liability for remediating contamination. We have resolved our liability at 242 of these locations. We do not believe that any individual location’s exposure will have a material effect on our results of operations. Sites in the investigation, remediation or operation and maintenance stage represent approximately 90% of our accrued environmental remediation reserve.

We have been identified as a potentially responsible party under the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA or Superfund) at 106 sites. The number of Superfund sites, in and of itself, does not represent a relevant measure of liability because the nature and extent of environmental concerns vary from site to site and our share of responsibility varies from sole responsibility to very little responsibility. In estimating our liability for remediation, we consider our likely proportionate share of the anticipated remediation expense and the ability of other potentially responsible parties to fulfill their obligations.

At December 31, 2010 and 2009, we had $605 million and $539 million reserved for environmental remediation, respectively. Cash outflows for environmental remediation were $44 million in 2010, $49 million in 2009 and $46 million in 2008. We estimate that ongoing environmental remediation expenditures in each of the next two years will not exceed approximately $66 million.


 

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Government Matters

As described in “Critical Accounting Estimates – Contracting with the U.S. government,” our contracts with the U.S. government are subject to audits. Such audits may recommend that certain contract prices should be reduced to comply with various government regulations. We are also the subject of one or more investigations and legal proceedings initiated by the U.S. government with respect to government contract matters.

As previously disclosed, the Department of Justice (DOJ) sued us in 1999 in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Ohio, claiming that Pratt & Whitney violated the civil False Claims Act and common law. This lawsuit relates to the “Fighter Engine Competition” between Pratt & Whitney’s F100 engine and General Electric’s F110 engine. The DOJ alleges that the government overpaid for F100 engines under contracts awarded by the U.S. Air Force in fiscal years 1985 through 1990 because Pratt & Whitney inflated its estimated costs for some purchased parts and withheld data that would have revealed the overstatements. At trial of this matter, completed in December 2004, the government claimed Pratt & Whitney’s liability to be $624 million. On August 1, 2008, the trial court judge held that the Air Force had not suffered any actual damages because Pratt & Whitney had made significant price concessions. However, the trial court judge found that Pratt & Whitney violated the False Claims Act due to inaccurate statements contained in its 1983 offer. In the absence of actual damages, the trial court judge awarded the DOJ the maximum civil penalty of $7.09 million, or $10,000 for each of the 709 invoices Pratt & Whitney submitted in 1989 and later under the contracts. In September 2008, both the DOJ and UTC appealed the decision to the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals. In November 2010, the Sixth Circuit affirmed Pratt & Whitney’s liability under the False Claims Act and remanded the case to the U.S. District Court for further proceedings on the question of damages. Should the government ultimately prevail, the outcome of this matter could result in a material adverse effect on our results of operations in the period in which a liability would be recognized or cash flows for the period in which damages would be paid.

As previously disclosed, in December 2008, the Department of Defense (DOD) issued a contract claim against Sikorsky to recover overpayments the DOD alleges it has incurred since January 2003 in connection with cost accounting changes approved by the DOD and implemented by Sikorsky in 1999 and 2006. These changes relate to the calculation of material overhead rates in government contracts. The DOD claims that Sikorsky’s liability is approximately $88 million (including interest through December 2010). We believe this claim is without merit, and Sikorsky filed an appeal in December 2009 with the U.S. Court of Federal Claims, which is pending.

Other Matters

As previously disclosed, on August 27, 2010, Rolls-Royce plc (Rolls-Royce) sued Pratt & Whitney in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, alleging that fan blades on certain engines manufactured by Pratt & Whitney infringe a U.S. patent held by Rolls-Royce. Rolls-Royce seeks damages in an unspecified amount plus interest, an injunction, a finding of willful infringement, and attorneys’ fees. We intend to vigorously defend the case and believe that Rolls-Royce’s patent is invalid and that Pratt & Whitney’s products do not infringe it. Trial in the matter could take place as early as March 2011. Should the plaintiff ultimately prevail, the outcome of this matter could result in a material adverse effect on our results of operations in the period in which a liability would be recognized or cash flows for the period in which damages would be paid. On November 5, 2010, Pratt & Whitney amended its previously-disclosed complaint against Rolls-Royce in the U.S. District Court for the District of Connecticut, adding Rolls-Royce Group plc (Rolls-Royce Group), the parent of Rolls-Royce, as a party, omitting previously asserted claims, and alleging that certain turbomachinery blades, engines and components manufactured by Rolls-Royce infringe a U.S. patent held by Pratt & Whitney. Pratt & Whitney seeks an injunction, damages, interest, attorney’s fees and other relief. On November 5, 2010, Pratt & Whitney also filed complaints against Rolls-Royce in the High Court of Justice, Chancery Division, Patent Court (HCJ) in the United Kingdom (UK) and with the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC). The HCJ action alleges similar infringement claims against Rolls-Royce based upon a UK patent held by Pratt & Whitney and seeks damages plus interest and all other relief to which Pratt & Whitney is entitled, including attorney’s fees, expenses, and a permanent order preventing further infringements. The ITC complaint seeks a permanent exclusion order barring the importation into the U.S. of infringing turbomachinery blades, engines and engine components manufactured by Rolls-Royce and Rolls-Royce Group, and requests a permanent cease-and-desist order against Rolls-Royce and Rolls-Royce Group preventing further importing, marketing, advertising, demonstrating, testing, distributing, licensing, offering for sale, or use of such infringing turbomachinery blades, engines and engine components.

Except as otherwise noted, we do not believe that resolution of any of the above matters will have a material adverse effect upon our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

Additional discussion of our environmental, U.S. government contract matters, product performance and other contingent liabilities is included in “Critical Accounting Estimates” and Notes 1, 15 and 17 to the Consolidated


 

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Financial Statements. For additional discussion of our legal proceedings, see Item 3, “Legal Proceedings,” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for 2010 (2010 Form 10-K).

New Accounting Pronouncements

In October 2009, the FASB issued ASU No. 2009-13, “Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements.” This ASU establishes the accounting and reporting guidance for arrangements including multiple revenue-generating activities. This ASU provides amendments to the criteria for separating deliverables, measuring and allocating arrangement consideration to one or more units of accounting in addition to establishing a selling price hierarchy in determining the selling price of a deliverable. Significantly enhanced disclosures are required to provide information about a vendor’s multiple-deliverable revenue arrangements, including information about the nature and terms, significant deliverables, and its performance within arrangements. Additional disclosures are also required of the significant judgments made, changes to those judgments, and how the application of the relative selling-price method affects the timing or amount of revenue recognition. The amendments in this ASU are effective prospectively for revenue arrangements entered into or materially modified in the fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010. Early application is permitted. We have evaluated this new ASU and have determined that it will not have a significant impact on the determination or reporting of our financial results.

In October 2009, the FASB issued ASU No. 2009-14, “Certain Revenue Arrangements That Include Software Elements.” This ASU changes the accounting model for revenue arrangements that include both tangible products and software elements that are “essential to the functionality,” and scopes these products out of current software revenue guidance. The new guidance includes factors to help companies determine what software elements are considered “essential to the functionality.” The amendments will subject software-enabled products to other revenue guidance and disclosure requirements, such as guidance surrounding revenue arrangements with multiple-deliverables. The amendments in this ASU are effective prospectively for revenue arrangements entered into or materially modified in the fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010. Early application is permitted. We have evaluated this new ASU and have determined that it will not have a significant impact on the determination or reporting of our financial results.

In April 2010, the FASB issued ASU No. 2010-17, “Milestone Method of Revenue Recognition.” This ASU allows entities to make a policy election to use the milestone method

of revenue recognition and provides guidance on defining a milestone and the criteria that should be met for applying the milestone method. The scope of this ASU is limited to the transactions involving milestones relating to research and development deliverables. The guidance includes enhanced disclosure requirements about each arrangement, individual milestones and related contingent consideration, substantive milestones and factors considered in that determination. The amendments in this ASU are effective prospectively to milestones achieved in fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after June 15, 2010. Early application and retrospective application are permitted. We have evaluated this new ASU and have determined that it will not have a significant impact on the determination or reporting of our financial results.

Cautionary Note Concerning Factors That May Affect Future Results

This 2010 Annual Report to Shareowners (2010 Annual Report) contains statements which, to the extent they are not statements of historical or present fact, constitute “forward-looking statements” under the securities laws. From time to time, oral or written forward-looking statements may also be included in other materials released to the public. These forward-looking statements are intended to provide management’s current expectations or plans for our future operating and financial performance, based on assumptions currently believed to be valid. Forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of words such as “believe,” “expect,” “plans,” “strategy,” “prospects,” “estimate,” “project,” “target,” “anticipate,” “will,” “should,” “see,” “guidance” and other words of similar meaning in connection with a discussion of future operating or financial performance. These include, among others, statements relating to:

 

 

future sales, earnings, cash flow, results of operations, uses of cash and other measures of financial performance;

 

 

the effect of economic conditions in the markets in which we operate and in the United States and globally and any changes therein, including financial market conditions, fluctuation in commodity prices, interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates, levels of end market demand in construction and in both the commercial and defense segments of the aerospace industry, levels of air travel, financial difficulties (including bankruptcy) of commercial airlines, the impact of weather conditions and the financial condition of our customers and suppliers;

 

 

delays and disruption in delivery of materials and services from suppliers;


 

25


 

 

new business opportunities;

 

 

cost reduction efforts and restructuring costs and savings and other consequences thereof;

 

 

the scope, nature or impact of acquisition and divestiture activity including integration of acquired businesses into our existing businesses;

 

 

the development, production, delivery, support, performance and anticipated benefits of advanced technologies and new products and services;

 

 

the anticipated benefits of diversification and balance of operations across product lines, regions and industries;

 

 

the impact of the negotiation of collective bargaining agreements and labor disputes;

 

 

the outcome of legal proceedings and other contingencies;

 

 

future repurchases of our common stock;

 

 

future levels of indebtedness and capital and research and development spending;

 

 

future availability of credit;

 

 

pension plan assumptions and future contributions; and

 

 

the effect of changes in tax, environmental and other laws and regulations in the United States and other countries in which we operate.

All forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements. Our Annual Report on Form 10-K for 2010 includes important information as to factors that may cause actual results to vary materially from those stated in the forward-looking statements. See the “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” under the heading “Contingent Liabilities,” the section titled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” under the headings “Business Overview,” “Critical Accounting Estimates,” “Results of Operations,” and “Liquidity and Financial Condition,” and the section titled “Risk Factors.” Our Annual Report on Form 10-K for 2010 also includes important information as to these risk factors in the “Business” section under the headings “General,” “Description of Business by Segment” and “Other Matters Relating to Our Business as a Whole,” and in the “Legal Proceedings” section. Additional important information as to these factors is included in this 2010 Annual Report in the section titled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” under the headings “Environmental Matters” and “Restructuring and Other Costs.” For additional information identifying factors that may cause actual results to vary materially from those stated in the forward-looking statements, see our reports on Forms 10-K, 10-Q and 8-K filed with the SEC from time to time.

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

The management of UTC is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external reporting purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Management has assessed the effectiveness of UTC’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010. In making its assessment, management has utilized the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in Internal Control – Integrated Framework. Management concluded that based on its assessment, UTC’s internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2010. The effectiveness of UTC’s internal control over financial reporting, as of December 31, 2010, has been audited by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report which is included herein.

 

/s/ Louis R. Chênevert

Louis R. Chênevert
Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

/s/ Gregory J. Hayes

Gregory J. Hayes
Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

/s/ Peter F. Longo

Peter F. Longo
Vice President, Controller

 

26


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Shareowners of United Technologies Corporation:

In our opinion, the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and the related consolidated statements of operations, of cash flows and of changes in equity present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of United Technologies Corporation and its subsidiaries at December 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2010 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the Corporation maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Corporation’s management is responsible for these financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements and on the Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

As discussed in the Notes to the consolidated financial statements, the Corporation changed the manner in which it accounts for business combinations and noncontrolling interests in 2009.

A corporation’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A corporation’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the corporation; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the corporation are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the corporation; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the corporation’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
Hartford, Connecticut
February 10, 2011

 

27


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

 

 

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts; shares in millions)   2010      2009      2008  

Net Sales:

             

Product sales

  $ 38,641      $ 37,332      $ 43,234  

Service sales

    15,685        15,093        15,885  
    54,326        52,425        59,119  

Costs, Expenses and Other:

             

Cost of products sold

    28,956        28,905        32,833  

Cost of services sold

    10,458        9,956        10,804  

Research and development

    1,746        1,558        1,771  

Selling, general and administrative

    6,024        6,036        6,724  

Other income, net

    (44      (407      (522

Operating profit

    7,186        6,377        7,509  

Interest expense, net

    648        617        573  

Income before income taxes

    6,538        5,760        6,936  

Income tax expense

    1,827        1,581        1,883  

Net income

    4,711        4,179        5,053  

Less: Noncontrolling interest in subsidiaries’ earnings

    338        350        364  

Net income attributable to common shareowners

  $ 4,373      $ 3,829      $ 4,689  

Earnings Per Share of Common Stock:

             

Basic

  $ 4.82      $ 4.17      $ 5.00  

Diluted

  $ 4.74      $ 4.12      $ 4.90  

Dividends Per Share of Common Stock

  $ 1.70      $ 1.54      $ 1.35  

Weighted average number of shares outstanding:

             

Basic shares

    907.9        917.4        937.8  

Diluted shares

    922.7        928.8        956.4  

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

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CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET

 

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts; shares in thousands)      2010        2009  

Assets

             

Cash and cash equivalents

     $ 4,083        $ 4,449  

Accounts receivable (net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $402 and $390)

       8,925          8,469  

Inventories and contracts in progress, net

       7,766          7,509  

Future income tax benefits, current

       1,623          1,689  

Other assets, current

       1,113          1,078  

Total Current Assets

       23,510          23,194  

Customer financing assets

       1,118          1,047  

Future income tax benefits

       1,970          2,102  

Fixed assets, net

       6,280          6,364  

Goodwill

       17,721          16,298  

Intangible assets, net

       4,060          3,538  

Other assets

       3,834          3,219  

Total Assets

     $ 58,493        $ 55,762  
   

Liabilities and Equity

             

Short-term borrowings

     $ 116        $ 254  

Accounts payable

       5,206          4,634  

Accrued liabilities

       12,247          11,792  

Long-term debt currently due

       163          1,233  

Total Current Liabilities

       17,732          17,913  

Long-term debt

       10,010          8,257  

Future pension and postretirement benefit obligations

       3,592          4,150  

Other long-term liabilities

       4,510          4,054  

Total Liabilities

       35,844          34,374  

Commitments and contingent liabilities (Notes 4 and 17)

             

Redeemable noncontrolling interest

       317          389  

Shareowners’ Equity:

             

Capital Stock:

             

Preferred Stock, $1 par value; 250,000 shares authorized; None issued or outstanding

                   

Common Stock, $1 par value; 4,000,000 shares authorized; 1,393,297 and 1,381,700 shares issued

       12,597          11,746  

Treasury Stock – 472,028 and 444,958 common shares at cost

       (17,468        (15,408

Retained earnings

       30,191          27,396  

Unearned ESOP shares

       (166        (181

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss):

             

Foreign currency translation

       366          379  

Other

       (4,135        (3,866

Total Accumulated other comprehensive loss

       (3,769        (3,487

Total Shareowners’ Equity

       21,385          20,066  

Noncontrolling interest

       947          933  

Total Equity

       22,332          20,999  

Total Liabilities and Equity

     $ 58,493        $ 55,762  

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

29


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

 

 

(Dollars in millions)    2010      2009      2008  

Operating Activities:

              

Net income attributable to common shareowners

   $ 4,373      $ 3,829      $ 4,689  

Noncontrolling interest in subsidiaries’ earnings

     338        350        364  

Net income

     4,711        4,179        5,053  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash flows provided by operating activities:

              

Depreciation and amortization

     1,356        1,258        1,321  

Deferred income tax provision

     413        451        45  

Stock compensation cost

     154        153        211  

Change in:

              

Accounts receivable

     (319      955        (546

Inventories and contracts in progress

     (244      695        (562

Other current assets

     (17      (3      35  

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     1,105        (582      843  

Global pension contributions

     (1,299      (1,270      (193

Other operating activities, net

     46        (483      (46

Net cash flows provided by operating activities

     5,906        5,353        6,161  

Investing Activities:

              

Capital expenditures

     (865      (826      (1,216

Increase in customer financing assets

     (217      (171      (285

Decrease in customer financing assets

     162        80        138  

Investments in businesses

     (2,758      (703      (1,252

Dispositions of businesses

     208        158        337  

Other investing activities, net

     283        358        (58

Net cash flows used in investing activities

     (3,187      (1,104      (2,336

Financing Activities:

              

Issuance of long-term debt

     2,362        37        2,248  

Repayment of long-term debt

     (1,751      (1,012      (48

(Decrease) increase in short-term borrowings, net

     (141      (762      91  

Common Stock issued under employee stock plans

     386        342        163  

Dividends paid on Common Stock

     (1,482      (1,356      (1,210

Repurchase of Common Stock

     (2,200      (1,100      (3,160

Other financing activities, net

     (327      (340      (322

Net cash flows used in financing activities

     (3,153      (4,191      (2,238

Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     68        64        (164

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

     (366      122        1,423  

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year

     4,449        4,327        2,904  

Cash and cash equivalents, end of year

   $ 4,083      $ 4,449      $ 4,327  

Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information:

              

Interest paid, net of amounts capitalized

   $ 753      $ 704      $ 659  

Income taxes paid, net of refunds

   $ 1,222      $ 1,396      $ 1,912  

Non-cash investing and financing activities include:

              

Contributions of UTC Common Stock to domestic defined benefit pension plans of $250 in 2010 and 2008, respectively.

                          

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

30


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

 

             
(Dollars in millions)  

 

Comprehensive
Income (Loss)

    Common Stock  

Balance at December 31, 2007

          $ 10,572  

Comprehensive income (loss):

       

Net income

  $ 5,053      

Redeemable noncontrolling interest in subsidiaries’ earnings

       

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

       

Foreign currency translation adjustments

    (1,951    

Change in pension and post-retirement benefit plans, net of tax benefit of $2,512

    (4,153    

Unrealized loss on available-for-sale securities, net of tax benefit of $41

    (59    

Change in unrealized cash flow hedging, net of tax benefit of $127

    (310        

Total other comprehensive loss, net of tax

    (6,473        

Comprehensive loss

  $ (1,420        

Common Stock issued under employee plans (5.7 million shares), net of tax benefit of $32

        525  

Common Stock contributed to defined benefit pension plans (5.0 million shares)

        82  

Common Stock repurchased (50.4 million shares)

       

Dividends on Common Stock

       

Dividends on ESOP Common Stock

       

Dividends attributable to noncontrolling interest

       

Redeemable noncontrolling interest accretion

       

Other changes in noncontrolling interest

               

Balance at December 31, 2008

          $ 11,179  

Comprehensive income (loss):

       

Net income

  $ 4,179      

Redeemable noncontrolling interest in subsidiaries’ earnings

       

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

       

Foreign currency translation adjustments

    1,023      

Change in pension and post-retirement benefit plans, net of income taxes of $569

    1,073      

Unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities, net of income taxes of $66

    99      

Change in unrealized cash flow hedging, net of income taxes of $106

    255          

Total other comprehensive income, net of tax

    2,450          

Comprehensive income

  $ 6,629          

Common Stock issued under employee plans (11.9 million shares), net of tax benefit of $50

        634  

Common Stock repurchased (19.1 million shares)

       

Dividends on Common Stock

       

Dividends on ESOP Common Stock

       

Dividends attributable to noncontrolling interest

       

Redeemable noncontrolling interest accretion

       

Purchase of subsidiary shares from noncontrolling interest

        (67

Acquired noncontrolling interest

       

Other changes in noncontrolling interest

               

Balance at December 31, 2009

          $ 11,746  

Comprehensive income (loss):

       

Net income

  $ 4,711      

Redeemable noncontrolling interest in subsidiaries’ earnings

       

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

       

Foreign currency translation adjustments

    (18    

Change in pension and post-retirement benefit plans, net of tax benefit of $224

    (336    

Unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities, net of income taxes of $61

    96      

Change in unrealized cash flow hedging, net of tax benefit of $18

    (29        

Total other comprehensive loss, net of tax

    (287        

Comprehensive income

  $ 4,424          

Common Stock issued under employee plans (11.8 million shares), net of tax benefit of $94

        746  

Common Stock contributed to defined benefit pension plans (3.8 million shares)

        117  

Common Stock repurchased (31.0 million shares)

       

Dividends on Common Stock

       

Dividends on ESOP Common Stock

       

Dividends attributable to noncontrolling interest

       

Redeemable noncontrolling interest accretion

       

Purchase of subsidiary shares from noncontrolling interest

        (12

Sale of subsidiary shares in noncontrolling interest

       

Other changes in noncontrolling interest

               

Balance at December 31, 2010

          $ 12,597  

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

31


Shareowners’ Equity                    
Treasury Stock     Retained Earnings     Unearned ESOP Shares     Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
    Noncontrolling Interest     Total Equity     Redeemable
Noncontrolling Interest
 
$ (11,338   $ 21,631     $ (214   $ 578     $ 835     $ 22,064     $ 203  
                         
      4,689               364       5,053      
                  (19     (19     19  
                         
              (1,990     1       (1,989     38  
              (4,153         (4,153    
              (59         (59    
              (310         (310    
                                                     
                                                     
  14       (19     14                       534          
  168                       250      
  (3,160                     (3,160    
      (1,210                 (1,210    
      (52                 (52    
                  (305     (305     (20
      (5                 (5     5  
                                  42       42          
$ (14,316   $ 25,034     $ (200   $ (5,934   $ 918     $ 16,681     $ 245  
                         
      3,829               350       4,179      
                  (17     (17     17  
                         
              1,020       8       1,028       (5
              1,073           1,073      
              99           99      
              255           255      
                                                     
                                                     
  8       (43     19                       618          
  (1,100                     (1,100    
      (1,356                 (1,356    
      (59                 (59    
                  (329     (329     (17
      (9                 (9     9  
                  (25     (92     (3
                  36       36       143  
                                  (8     (8        
$ (15,408   $ 27,396     $ (181   $ (3,487   $ 933     $ 20,999     $ 389  
                         
      4,373               338       4,711      
                  (24     (24     24  

 

0

  

                       
              (13            (13     (5
              (336         (336    
              96           96      
              (29         (29    
                                                     
                                                     
  7       (43     15                       725          
  133                       250      
  (2,200                     (2,200    
      (1,482                 (1,482    
      (62                 (62    
                  (338     (338     (19
      9                   9       (9
                  (12     (24     (65
                  38       38      
                                  12       12       2  
$ (17,468   $ 30,191     $ (166   $ (3,769   $ 947     $ 22,332     $ 317  

 

32


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 1: Summary of Accounting Principles

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior year amounts to conform to the current year presentation. We previously reported “Other income, net,” which included “Interest income,” as a component of “Revenues.” “Other income, net,” excluding “Interest income,” is now reflected as a component of “Costs, Expenses and Other,” while “Interest income” is now netted with “Interest expense” for financial statement presentation.

Consolidation. The Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of United Technologies Corporation (UTC) and its controlled subsidiaries. Intercompany transactions have been eliminated.

Cash and Cash Equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents includes cash on hand, demand deposits and short-term cash investments that are highly liquid in nature and have original maturities of three months or less.

On occasion, we are required to maintain cash deposits with certain banks with respect to contractual obligations related to acquisitions or divestitures or other legal obligations. As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, the amount of restricted cash was approximately $75 million and $43 million. As of December 31, 2010, all restricted cash is included in current assets, while as of December 31, 2009, approximately $41 million is included in current assets and $2 million is included in long-term assets.

Accounts Receivable. Current and long-term accounts receivable include retainage of $165 million and $156 million and unbilled receivables of $862 million and $902 million as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

Retainage represents amounts that, pursuant to the applicable contract, are not due until project completion and acceptance by the customer. Unbilled receivables represent revenues that are not currently billable to the customer under the terms of the contract. These items are expected to be collected in the normal course of business. Long-term accounts receivable are included in Other assets in the Consolidated Balance Sheet.

Marketable Equity Securities. Equity securities that have a readily determinable fair value and that we do not intend to trade are classified as available for sale and carried at fair value. Unrealized holding gains and losses are recorded as a separate component of shareowners’ equity, net of deferred income taxes.

Inventories and Contracts In Progress. Inventories and contracts in progress are stated at the lower of cost or estimated realizable value and are primarily based on first-in, first-out (FIFO) or average cost methods; however, certain Carrier entities use the last-in, first-out (LIFO) method. If inventories that were valued using the LIFO method had been valued under the FIFO method, they would have been higher by $137 million and $147 million at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

Costs accumulated against specific contracts or orders are at actual cost. Inventory in excess of requirements for contracts and current or anticipated orders have been reserved as appropriate. Manufacturing costs are allocated to current production and firm contracts.

Fixed Assets. Fixed assets are stated at cost. Depreciation is recorded over the fixed assets’ useful lives using the straight-line method.

Goodwill and Intangible Assets. Goodwill represents costs in excess of fair values assigned to the underlying net assets of acquired businesses. Goodwill and intangible assets deemed to have indefinite lives are not amortized. Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are subject to annual impairment testing using the guidance and criteria described in the Intangibles – Goodwill and Other Topic of the FASB ASC. This testing compares carrying values to fair values and, when appropriate, the carrying value of these assets is reduced to fair value. During 2010, 2009, and 2008, we were not required to record any impairment on goodwill or indefinite-lived intangibles.

Intangible assets consist of service portfolios, patents and trademarks, customer relationships and other intangible assets. Useful lives of finite lived intangible assets are estimated based upon the nature of the intangible asset and the industry in which the intangible asset is used. Estimated useful lives of service portfolios generally range from 5 to 30 years. Estimated useful lives of patents and finite-lived trademarks range from 3 to 40 years. Estimated useful lives of customer relationships and other assets range from 2 to 32 years. These intangible assets are amortized based on the pattern in which the economic benefits of the intangible assets are consumed. If a pattern of economic benefit cannot be reliably determined, a straight-line amortization method is used. Included within other intangible assets are commercial aerospace payments made to secure certain contractual rights to provide product on new aircraft platforms. Payments made on these contractual commitments are to be amortized as the related units are delivered.

Other Long-lived Assets. We evaluate the potential impairment of other long-lived assets when appropriate. If the carrying value of other long-lived assets exceeds the sum of the


 

33


undiscounted expected future cash flows, the carrying value is written down to fair value. During the year ended December 31, 2010, we had certain non-recurring measurements resulting in impairment charges of $245 million. See Note 13 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

Income Taxes. In the ordinary course of business there is inherent uncertainty in quantifying our income tax positions. We assess our income tax positions and record tax benefits for all years subject to examination based upon management’s evaluation of the facts, circumstances, and information available at the reporting date. For those tax positions where it is more-likely-than-not that a tax benefit will be sustained, we have recorded the largest amount of tax benefit with a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement with a taxing authority that has full knowledge of all relevant information. For those income tax positions where it is not more-likely-than-not that a tax benefit will be sustained, no tax benefit has been recognized in the financial statements. Where applicable, associated interest expense has also been recognized. We recognize accrued interest related to unrecognized tax benefits in interest expense. Penalties, if incurred, would be recognized as a component of income tax expense.

Revenue Recognition. Sales under government and commercial fixed-price contracts and government fixed-price-incentive contracts are recorded at the time deliveries are made or, in some cases, on a percentage-of-completion basis. Sales under cost-reimbursement contracts are recorded as work is performed. Sales for elevators, escalators, installation and modernization contracts are accounted for under the percentage-of-completion method.

Losses, if any, on contracts are provided for when anticipated. Loss provisions on original equipment contracts are recognized to the extent that estimated inventoriable manufacturing, engineering, product warranty and product performance guarantee costs, as appropriate, exceed the projected revenue from the products contemplated under the contractual arrangement. For new commitments, we generally record loss provisions at the earlier of contract announcement or contract signing except for certain requirements contracts under which losses are recorded upon receipt of the purchase order. For existing commitments, anticipated losses on contracts are recognized in the period in which losses become evident. Products contemplated under contractual arrangement include products purchased under contract and, in the large commercial engine business, future highly probable sales of replacement parts required by regulation that are expected to be purchased subsequently for incorporation into the original equipment. Revenue projections used in determining contract

loss provisions are based upon estimates of the quantity, pricing and timing of future product deliveries. Losses are generally recognized on shipment to the extent that inventoriable manufacturing costs, estimated warranty costs and product performance guarantee costs, as appropriate, exceed revenue realized. Contract accounting requires estimates of future costs over the performance period of the contract as well as estimates of award fees and other sources of revenue. These estimates are subject to change and result in adjustments to margins on contracts in progress. The extent of progress toward completion on our long-term commercial aerospace equipment and helicopter contracts is measured using units of delivery. In addition, we use the cost-to-cost method for elevator and escalator sales, installation and modernization contracts in the commercial businesses. For long-term aftermarket contracts, revenue is recognized over the contract period in proportion to the costs expected to be incurred in performing services under the contract. We review our cost estimates on significant contracts on a quarterly basis, and for others, no less frequently than annually or when circumstances change and warrant a modification to a previous estimate. Adjustments to contract loss provisions are recorded in earnings upon identification.

Service sales, representing aftermarket repair and maintenance activities, are recognized over the contractual period or as services are performed. In the commercial businesses, revenue is generally recognized on a straight line basis. In the aerospace businesses, revenue is generally recognized in proportion to cost.

Sales generated from engine programs, spare parts sales, and aftermarket business under collaboration arrangements are recorded as earned in our financial statements. Amounts attributable to our collaborative partners for their share of revenues are recorded as an expense in our financial statements based upon the terms and nature of the arrangement. Costs associated with engine programs under collaborative arrangements are expensed as incurred. Under these arrangements, collaborators contribute their program share of engine parts, incur their own production costs and make certain payments to Pratt & Whitney for shared or joint program costs. The reimbursement of a collaborator’s share of program costs is recorded as a reduction of the related expense item at that time.

Research and Development. Research and development costs not specifically covered by contracts and those related to the company sponsored share of research and development activity in connection with cost-sharing arrangements are charged to expense as incurred. Government research and development support, not associated with specific contracts, is recorded as a reduction to research and development expense in the period earned. Repayment, if any, is in the form of future royalties and is conditioned upon the achievement of certain financial targets.


 

34


Research and development costs incurred under contracts with customers are expensed as incurred and are reported as a component of cost of products sold. Revenue from such contracts is recognized as product sales when earned.

Foreign Exchange and Hedging Activity. We conduct business in many different currencies and, accordingly, are subject to the inherent risks associated with foreign exchange rate movements. The financial position and results of operations of substantially all of our foreign subsidiaries are measured using the local currency as the functional currency. Foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities are translated into U.S. dollars at the exchange rates existing at the respective balance sheet dates, and income and expense items are translated at the average exchange rates during the respective periods. The aggregate effects of translating the balance sheets of these subsidiaries are deferred as a separate component of shareowners’ equity.

We have used derivative instruments, including swaps, forward contracts and options, to manage certain foreign currency, interest rate and commodity price exposures. Derivative instruments are viewed as risk management tools by us and are not used for trading or speculative purposes. Derivatives used for hedging purposes may be designated and effective as a hedge of the identified risk exposure at the inception of the contract.

All derivative instruments are recorded on the balance sheet at fair value. Derivatives used to hedge foreign-currency-denominated balance sheet items are reported directly in earnings along with offsetting transaction gains and losses on the items being hedged. Derivatives used to hedge forecasted cash flows associated with foreign currency commitments or forecasted commodity purchases may be accounted for as cash flow hedges, as deemed appropriate. Gains and losses on derivatives designated as cash flow hedges are recorded in other comprehensive income and reclassified to earnings in a manner that matches the timing of the earnings impact of the hedged transactions. The ineffective portion of all hedges, if any, is recognized currently in earnings.

Additional information pertaining to foreign currency forward contracts is included in Note 13 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Environmental. Environmental investigatory, remediation, operating and maintenance costs are accrued when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated. The most likely cost to be incurred is accrued based on an evaluation of currently available facts with respect to each individual site, including existing technology, current laws and regulations and prior remediation experience. Where no amount within a range of estimates is more likely,

the minimum is accrued. For sites with multiple responsible parties, we consider our likely proportionate share of the anticipated remediation costs and the ability of the other parties to fulfill their obligations in establishing a provision for those costs. Liabilities with fixed or reliably determinable future cash payments are discounted. Accrued environmental liabilities are not reduced by potential insurance reimbursements.

Asset Retirement Obligations. We record the fair value of legal obligations associated with the retirement of tangible long-lived assets in the period in which it is determined to exist, if a reasonable estimate of fair value can be made. Upon initial recognition of a liability, we capitalize the cost of the asset retirement obligation by increasing the carrying amount of the related long-lived asset. Over time, the liability is increased for changes in its present value and the capitalized cost is depreciated over the useful life of the related asset. We have determined that conditional legal obligations exist for certain of our worldwide owned and leased facilities related primarily to building materials. As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, the outstanding liability for asset retirement obligations was $189 million and $157 million, respectively.

Pension and Postretirement Obligations. Guidance under the Compensation – Retirement Benefits Topic of the FASB ASC requires balance sheet recognition of the overfunded or underfunded status of pension and postretirement benefit plans. Under this guidance, actuarial gains and losses, prior service costs or credits, and any remaining transition assets or obligations that have not been recognized under previous accounting standards must be recognized in other comprehensive income, net of tax effects, until they are amortized as a component of net periodic benefit cost.

Note 2: Business Acquisitions, Dispositions, Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Business Acquisitions and Dispositions. Our investments in businesses in 2010, 2009 and 2008 totaled $2.8 billion (including debt assumed of $39 million), $703 million and $1.4 billion (including debt assumed of $196 million), respectively.

On March 1, 2010, we completed the acquisition of the GE Security business for approximately $1.8 billion, including debt assumed of $32 million. The GE Security business supplies security and fire safety technologies for commercial and residential applications through a broad product portfolio that includes fire detection and life safety systems, intrusion alarms, and video surveillance and access control systems. This business, which is being integrated into our UTC Fire & Security segment, enhanced UTC Fire & Security’s geographic diversity through GE Security’s strong North American presence, while increasing total product and technology


 

35


offerings. In connection with the acquisition of GE Security, we recorded approximately $600 million of identifiable intangible assets and $1.1 billion of goodwill. The goodwill recorded reflects synergies expected to be realized through the combination of GE Security’s products, resources and management talent with those of the existing UTC Fire & Security business to enhance competitiveness, accelerate the development of certain product offerings, drive improved operational performance and secure additional service channels. Additionally, the combined business have provided the opportunity for significant improvements to the cost structure through the rationalization of general and administrative expenditures as well as research and development efforts.

During 2010, we completed the acquisition of Clipper, a publicly-held California-based wind turbine manufacturer. This investment is intended to expand our power generation portfolio and allow us to enter the wind power market by leveraging our expertise in blade technology, turbines and gearbox design. In the first half of 2010, we acquired a 49.9% equity stake in Clipper. In December 2010, we completed the acquisition of all the remaining shares of Clipper. The total cost of our investment in Clipper is approximately £240 million (approximately $385 million). In connection with this transaction, we recorded approximately $400 million of goodwill and identifiable intangible assets. Prior to the December 2010 purchase of the remaining shares of Clipper, we accounted for this investment under the equity method of accounting. During the quarter ended September 30, 2010, we recorded a $159 million other-than-temporary impairment charge on our investment in Clipper, in order to write-down our investment to market value as of September 30, 2010. This impairment is recorded within “Other income, net” on our Consolidated Statement of Operations. In December 2010, as a result of the acquisition of a controlling interest and the remaining shares of Clipper, we recorded a $21 million gain from the re-measurement to fair value of our previously held equity interest. The financial results of Clipper are included within the “Eliminations and other” category in the segment financial data in Note 18 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

During 2010, we recorded approximately $86 million of asset impairment charges, for assets that have met the “held-for-sale” criteria, related to disposition activity within both Carrier and Hamilton Sundstrand. These asset impairment charges are recorded within Cost of products sold on our Consolidated Statement of Operations. The asset impairment charges consist of a $58 million charge associated with Carrier’s ongoing portfolio transformation to a higher returns business and a $28 million charge at Hamilton Sundstrand related to the expected disposition of an aerospace business as part of Hamilton Sundstrand’s efforts to implement low cost sourcing initiatives.

In August 2009, we completed the acquisition of the remaining 71% interest in GST Holdings Limited (GST), a fire alarm provider in China, for approximately $250 million bringing our total investment in GST to approximately $360 million. We recorded over $200 million of goodwill and approximately $100 million of identified intangible assets in connection with GST. With the acquisition of the remaining 71% of GST, UTC Fire & Security further strengthened its presence in the Chinese fire safety industry.

In July 2009, Carrier and Watsco, Inc. (Watsco) formed Carrier Enterprise, LLC, a joint venture to distribute Carrier, Bryant, Payne and Totaline residential and light commercial HVAC products in the U.S. Sunbelt region and selected territories in the Caribbean and Latin America. As part of the transaction, Carrier contributed its distribution businesses located in these regions into the new venture. In consideration of its contribution, Carrier received approximately 3 million shares of common stock of Watsco and a 40 percent noncontrolling interest in the new venture, which included a business contributed by Watsco. Watsco owns a 60 percent interest in the venture with options to purchase an additional 20 percent interest from Carrier in future years. Carrier recognized a gain of approximately $60 million in 2009 as a result of its contribution of the majority of its U.S. residential sales and distribution businesses in this new venture.

The 2008 investments consisted primarily of a number of small acquisitions in our commercial businesses.

We account for business combinations as required by the provisions of the Business Combinations Topic of the FASB ASC, which includes provisions that we adopted effective January 1, 2009. The accounting for business combinations retains the underlying concepts of the previously issued standard in that all business combinations are still required to be accounted for at fair value, but changes the method of applying the acquisition method in a number of significant aspects. Acquisition costs are generally expensed as incurred; noncontrolling interests are valued at fair value at the acquisition date; in-process research and development is recorded at fair value as an indefinite-lived intangible asset at the acquisition date; restructuring costs associated with a business combination are generally expensed subsequent to the acquisition date; and changes in deferred tax asset valuation allowances and income tax uncertainties after the acquisition date generally affect income tax expense. These changes are effective on a prospective basis for all of our business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after January 1, 2009, with the exception of the accounting for valuation allowances on deferred taxes and acquired tax contingencies. Adjustments for valuation allowances on deferred taxes and acquired tax contingencies associated with acquisitions that closed prior to January 1, 2009 would also apply the revised accounting for business combination provisions.


 

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During the measurement period we will recognize additional assets or liabilities if new information is obtained about facts and circumstances that existed as of the acquisition date that, if known, would have resulted in the recognition of those assets and liabilities as of that date. The measurement period shall not exceed one year from the acquisition date. Further, any associated restructuring activities will be expensed in future periods and not recorded through purchase accounting as previously done for acquisitions occurring prior to January 1, 2009.

There was no significant impact on our acquisition activity in 2010 or 2009 from the changes in the provisions of accounting for business combinations.

The assets and liabilities of the acquired businesses are accounted for under the purchase method of accounting and recorded at their fair values at the dates of acquisition. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of the net assets acquired was recorded as an increase in goodwill of $1.7 billion in 2010, $630 million in 2009, and $825 million in 2008. The results of operations of acquired businesses have been included in the Consolidated Statement of Operations beginning as of the effective date of acquisition.

Goodwill. The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill, by segment, are as follows:

 

(Dollars in millions)   Balance as of
January 1,
2010
    Goodwill
resulting from
business
combinations
    Foreign
currency
translation
and other
    Balance as of
December 31,
2010
 
       

Otis

  $ 1,382     $ 100     $ (12   $ 1,470  

Carrier

    3,252       11       (92     3,171  

UTC Fire & Security

    5,641       1,106       (101     6,646  

Pratt & Whitney

    1,237              (13     1,224  

Hamilton Sundstrand        

    4,496       23       (28     4,491  

Sikorsky

    250       81       (1     330  

Total Segments

    16,258       1,321       (247     17,332  

Eliminations and other

    40       349              389  

Total

  $ 16,298     $ 1,670     $ (247   $ 17,721  

Intangible Assets. Identifiable intangible assets are comprised of the following:

 

     2010     2009  
(Dollars in millions)   Gross
Amount
    Accumulated
Amortization
    Gross
Amount
    Accumulated
Amortization
 

Amortized:

               

Service portfolios

  $ 1,950     $ (942   $ 1,814     $ (833

Patents and trademarks        

    441       (153     369       (120

Other, principally
customer relationships

    3,229       (1,222     2,624       (1,047
      5,620       (2,317     4,807       (2,000

Unamortized:

               

Trademarks and other

    757              731         

Total

  $ 6,377     $ (2,317   $ 5,538     $ (2,000

Amortization of intangible assets in 2010 and 2009 was $387 million and $347 million, respectively. Amortization of these intangible assets for 2011 through 2015 is expected to approximate $315 million per year.

Note 3: Earnings Per Share

 

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts; shares in
millions)
  2010     2009     2008  

Net income attributable to common shareowners

  $ 4,373     $ 3,829     $ 4,689  

Basic weighted average shares outstanding

    907.9       917.4       937.8  

Stock awards

    14.8       11.4       18.6  

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

    922.7       928.8       956.4  

Earnings Per Share of Common Stock:

           

Basic

  $ 4.82     $ 4.17     $ 5.00  

Diluted

  $ 4.74     $ 4.12     $ 4.90  

The computation of diluted earnings per share excludes the effect of the potential exercise of stock awards, including stock appreciation rights and stock options when the average market price of the common stock is lower than the exercise price of the related stock awards during the period. These outstanding stock awards are not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because the effect would have been antidilutive. For 2010, 2009, and 2008 the number of stock awards excluded from the computation was 11.4 million, 20.2 million and 8.9 million, respectively.

Note 4: Commercial Aerospace Industry Assets and Commitments

We have receivables and other financing assets with commercial aerospace industry customers totaling $3,384 million and $3,016 million at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Customer financing assets related to commercial aerospace industry customers consist of products under lease of $713 million and notes and leases receivable of $416 million. The notes and leases receivable are scheduled to mature as follows: $56 million in 2011, $41 million in 2012, $54 million in 2013, $26 million in 2014, $27 million in 2015, and $212 million thereafter.

Financing commitments, in the form of secured debt, guarantees or lease financing, are provided to commercial aerospace customers. The extent to which the financing commitments will be utilized is not currently known, since customers may be able to obtain more favorable terms from other financing sources. We may also arrange for third-party investors to assume a portion of these commitments. If financing commitments are exercised, debt financing is generally secured by assets with fair market values equal to or


 

37


exceeding the financed amounts with interest rates established at the time of funding. We may also lease aircraft and subsequently sublease the aircraft to customers under long-term non-cancelable operating leases. In some instances, customers may have minimum lease terms that result in sublease periods shorter than our lease obligation. Lastly, we have made residual value and other guarantees related to various commercial aerospace customer-financing arrangements. The estimated fair market values of the guaranteed assets equal or exceed the value of the related guarantees, net of existing reserves. We also have other contractual commitments, including commitments to secure certain contractual rights to provide product on new aircraft platforms. Payments made on these contractual commitments are included within other intangible assets and are to be amortized as the related units are delivered.

Our commercial aerospace financing and other contractual commitments as of December 31, 2010 were $2,032 million and are exercisable as follows: $384 million in 2011, $224 million in 2012, $300 million in 2013, $241 million in 2014, $136 million in 2015, and $747 million thereafter. Our financing obligations with customers are contingent upon maintenance of certain levels of financial condition by the customers. In addition, we have residual value and other guarantees of $336 million as of December 31, 2010.

We have long-term aftermarket maintenance contracts with commercial aerospace industry customers for which revenue is recognized in proportion to actual costs incurred relative to total expected costs to be incurred over the respective contract periods. Billings, however, are typically based on factors such as engine flight hours. The timing differences between the billings and the maintenance costs incurred generates both deferred assets and deferred revenues. Deferred assets under these long-term aftermarket contracts totaled $290 million and $270 million at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively and are included in Other assets in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets. Deferred revenues generated totaled $1,474 million and $1,238 million at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and are included in Accrued liabilities and Other long-term liabilities in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets.

We have a 33% interest in International Aero Engines AG (IAE), an international consortium of four shareholders organized to support the V2500 commercial aircraft engine program. Our interest in IAE is accounted for under the equity method of accounting. IAE may offer customer financing in the form of guarantees, secured debt or lease financing in connection with V2500 engine sales. At December 31, 2010, IAE had financing commitments of $709 million and asset value guarantees of $42 million. Our share of IAE’s financing commitments and asset value guarantees was approximately

$244 million at December 31, 2010. In addition, IAE had lease obligations under long-term noncancelable leases of approximately $241 million, on an undiscounted basis, through 2020 related to aircraft, which are subleased to customers under long-term leases. These aircraft have fair market values, which approximate the financed amounts, net of reserves. The shareholders of IAE have guaranteed IAE’s financing arrangements to the extent of their respective ownership interests. In the event of default by a shareholder on certain of these financing arrangements, the other shareholders would be proportionately responsible.

Reserves related to aerospace receivables and financing assets were $133 million and $141 million at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Reserves related to financing commitments and guarantees were $38 million and $34 million at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

Note 5: Inventories & Contracts in Progress

 

(Dollars in millions)   2010     2009  

Raw materials

  $ 1,221     $ 1,281  

Work-in-process

    3,259       3,097  

Finished goods

    3,026       2,889  

Contracts in progress

    6,340       6,479  
    13,846       13,746  

Less:

       

Progress payments, secured by lien, on U.S. Government contracts

    (275     (264

Billings on contracts in progress

    (5,805     (5,973
    $ 7,766     $ 7,509  

Raw materials, work-in-process and finished goods are net of valuation reserves of $799 million and $683 million as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, inventory also includes capitalized contract development costs of $804 million and $862 million, respectively, related to certain aerospace programs. These capitalized costs will be liquidated as production units are delivered to the customer. The capitalized contract development costs within inventory principally relate to capitalized costs on Sikorsky’s CH-148 contract with the Canadian government. The CH-148 is a derivative of the H-92, a military variant of the S-92.

Contracts in progress principally relate to elevator and escalator contracts and include costs of manufactured components, accumulated installation costs and estimated earnings on incomplete contracts.

Our sales contracts in many cases are long-term contracts expected to be performed over periods exceeding twelve months. At December 31, 2010 and 2009, approximately 75% and 73%, respectively, of total inventories and contracts in


 

38


progress have been acquired or manufactured under such long-term contracts, a portion of which is not scheduled for delivery within the next twelve months.

Note 6: Fixed Assets

 

(Dollars in millions)   Estimated
Useful Lives
    2010     2009  

Land

      $ 342     $ 345  

Buildings and improvements

    12-40 years        4,908       4,898  

Machinery, tools and equipment

    3-20 years        10,010       9,941  

Other, including under construction

            654       493  
        15,914       15,677  

Accumulated depreciation

            (9,634     (9,313
            $ 6,280     $ 6,364  

Depreciation expense was $900 million in 2010, $852 million in 2009 and $865 million in 2008.

Note 7: Accrued Liabilities

 

(Dollars in millions)   2010     2009  

Advances on sales contracts and service billings

  $ 5,203     $ 5,267  

Accrued salaries, wages and employee benefits

    1,918       1,801  

Litigation and contract matters

    577       541  

Income taxes payable

    504       348  

Service and warranty accruals

    449       447  

Accrued restructuring costs

    358       403  

Interest payable

    294       296  

Accrued workers compensation

    210       181  

Accrued property, sales and use taxes

    209       196  

Other

    2,525       2,312  
    $ 12,247     $ 11,792  

Note 8: Borrowings and Lines of Credit

Short-term borrowings were $116 million and $254 million as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The weighted-average interest rates applicable to short-term borrowings outstanding at December 31, 2010 and 2009 were 6.3% and 4.8%, respectively. At December 31, 2010, approximately $2.0 billion was available under short-term lines of credit with local banks at our various domestic and international subsidiaries. As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, we did not have any outstanding commercial paper. We generally use our commercial paper borrowings for general corporate purposes, including the funding of potential acquisitions and repurchases of our common stock.

At December 31, 2010, we had new committed revolving credit agreements from banks permitting aggregate borrowings of up to $3.0 billion under a $1.6 billion revolving credit agreement and a $1.4 billion multicurrency revolving credit agreement, which expire in November 2014 and December

2014, respectively. These new revolving credit agreements were entered into on November 30, 2010 and December 3, 2010, respectively, to replace our former revolving credit agreements which had permitted aggregate borrowings of up to $2.5 billion under a $1.5 billion revolving credit agreement and a $1.0 billion multicurrency revolving credit agreement which were set to expire in October 2011 and November 2011, respectively. As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, there were no borrowings under these revolving credit agreements. The undrawn portions under both of these agreements are also available to serve as backup facilities for the issuance of commercial paper.

Our long-term debt consists of the following:

 

(Dollars in millions)   2010     2009  

4.375% notes due 2010 *

  $      $ 600  

7.125% notes due 2010 *

           500  

6.350% notes due 2011 *

           500  

6.100% notes due 2012 *

    500       500  

4.875% notes due 2015 *

    1,200       1,200  

5.375% notes due 2017 *

    1,000       1,000  

6.125% notes due 2019 *

    1,250       1,250  

8.875% notes due 2019

    272       272  

4.500% notes due 2020 *

    1,250         

8.750% notes due 2021

    250       250  

6.700% notes due 2028

    400       400  

7.500% notes due 2029 *

    550       550  

5.400% notes due 2035 *

    600       600  

6.050% notes due 2036 *

    600       600  

6.125% notes due 2038 *

    1,000       1,000  

5.700% notes due 2040 *

    1,000         

Project financing obligations

    141       158  

Other (including capitalized leases)

    160       110  

Total long-term debt

    10,173       9,490  

Less current portion

    (163     (1,233

Long-term portion

  $ 10,010     $ 8,257  

 

* We may redeem the above notes, in whole or in part, at our option at any time at a redemption price in U.S. dollars equal to the greater of 100% of the principal amount of the notes to be redeemed or the sum of the present values of the remaining scheduled payments of principal and interest on the notes to be redeemed, discounted to the redemption date on a semiannual basis at the adjusted treasury rate plus 10-50 basis points. The redemption price will also include interest accrued to the date of redemption on the principal balance of the notes being redeemed.

In February 2010, we issued two series of fixed rate notes that pay interest semiannually, in arrears, on April 15 and October 15 of each year beginning October 15, 2010. The $1.25 billion principal amount of fixed rate notes bears interest at a rate equal to 4.500% per year and matures on April 15, 2020. The $1.0 billion principal amount of fixed rate notes bears interest at a rate equal to 5.700% per year and matures on April 15, 2040. The proceeds from these notes were used primarily to fund a portion of the acquisition of the GE Security business, and to repay commercial paper borrowings.


 

39


In May 2010, we repaid the entire $600 million outstanding principal amount of our 4.375% notes at maturity. In June 2010, we redeemed the entire $500 million outstanding principal amount of our 7.125% notes that would otherwise have been due November 15, 2010 and in September 2010, we redeemed the entire $500 million outstanding principal amount of our 6.350% notes that would otherwise have been due March 1, 2011.

The project financing obligations noted above are associated with the sale of rights to unbilled revenues related to the ongoing activity of an entity owned by Carrier. The percentage of total debt at floating interest rates was 2% and 3% at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

The schedule of principal payments required on long-term debt for the next five years and thereafter is:

 

(Dollars in millions)       

2011

  $ 163  

2012

    543  

2013

    4  

2014

    39  

2015

    1,206  

Thereafter

    8,218  

Total

  $ 10,173  

We have an existing universal shelf registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for an indeterminate amount of securities for future issuance, subject to our internal limitations on the amount of debt to be issued under this shelf registration statement.

Note 9: Equity

Consistent with the requirements under the Business Combinations Topic of the FASB ASC and the accounting for noncontrolling interests in Consolidated Financial Statements, as adopted in 2009, changes in noncontrolling interests that do not result in a change of control and where there is a difference between fair value and carrying value are accounted for as equity transactions. A summary of these changes in ownership interests in subsidiaries and the pro-forma effect on Net income attributable to common shareowners had they been recorded through net income is provided below:

 

(Dollars in millions)   2010     2009     2008  

Net income attributable to common shareowners

  $ 4,373     $ 3,829     $