10-Q 1 a2015-03x3110xq.htm 10-Q 2015-03-31 10-Q
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON D.C. 20549
 
____________________________________ 

FORM 10-Q
____________________________________ 
 
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2015
OR
 
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                  to                 
Commission file number 1-812
 
____________________________________ 
UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
____________________________________ 
DELAWARE
 
06-0570975
One Financial Plaza, Hartford, Connecticut 06101
(860) 728-7000

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý.    No  ¨.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý.    No  ¨.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
ý
Accelerated filer
¨
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨.    No  ý.
At March 31, 2015 there were 890,201,794 shares of Common Stock outstanding.



UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONTENTS OF QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
Quarter Ended March 31, 2015
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

United Technologies Corporation and its subsidiaries' names, abbreviations thereof, logos, and product and service designators are all either the registered or unregistered trademarks or tradenames of United Technologies Corporation and its subsidiaries. Names, abbreviations of names, logos, and products and service designators of other companies are either the registered or unregistered trademarks or tradenames of their respective owners. As used herein, the terms "we," "us," "our," "the Company," or "UTC," unless the context otherwise requires, mean United Technologies Corporation and its subsidiaries. References to internet web sites in this Form 10-Q are provided for convenience only. Information available through these web sites is not incorporated by reference into this Form 10-Q.

2


PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.
Financial Statements


UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
 
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
2015
 
2014
Net Sales:
 
 
 
Product sales
$
10,373

 
$
10,692

Service sales
4,168

 
4,053

 
14,541

 
14,745

Costs and Expenses:
 
 
 
Cost of products sold
7,830

 
8,081

Cost of services sold
2,693

 
2,609

Research and development
602

 
624

Selling, general and administrative
1,563

 
1,596

 
12,688

 
12,910

Other income, net
421

 
263

Operating profit
2,274

 
2,098

Interest expense, net
218

 
225

Income before income taxes
2,056

 
1,873

Income tax expense
558

 
567

Net income
1,498

 
1,306

Less: Noncontrolling interest in subsidiaries' earnings
72

 
93

Net income attributable to common shareowners
$
1,426

 
$
1,213

Earnings Per Share of Common Stock:
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.60

 
$
1.35

Diluted
$
1.58

 
$
1.32

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements


3


 
 
 
 
UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)

 
Quarter Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
Net income
$
1,498

 
$
1,306

Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments arising during period
(705
)
 
(109
)
Reclassification adjustments for (gain) loss on sale of an investment in a foreign entity recognized in Other income, net
(2
)
 
3

 
(707
)
 
(106
)
Pension and post-retirement benefit plans
 
 
 
Pension and post-retirement benefit plans adjustments during the period
52

 
19

Amortization of actuarial loss, prior service cost and transition obligation
217

 
104

 
269

 
123

Tax expense
(97
)
 
(40
)
 
172

 
83

Unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities
 
 
 
Unrealized holding gain arising during period
86

 
32

Reclassification adjustments for gain included in Other income, net
(28
)
 
(24
)
 
58

 
8

Tax expense
(22
)
 
(3
)
 
36

 
5

Change in unrealized cash flow hedging
 
 
 
Unrealized cash flow hedging loss arising during period
(184
)
 
(80
)
Loss reclassified into Product sales
57

 
18

 
(127
)
 
(62
)
Tax benefit
36

 
12

 
(91
)
 
(50
)
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
(590
)
 
(68
)
Comprehensive income
908

 
1,238

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
(32
)
 
(86
)
Comprehensive income attributable to common shareowners
$
876

 
$
1,152

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

4


UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
(Unaudited)
 
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
5,281

 
$
5,235

Accounts receivable, net
11,512

 
11,317

Inventories and contracts in progress, net
10,336

 
9,865

Future income tax benefits, current
1,893

 
1,931

Other assets, current
936

 
1,410

Total Current Assets
29,958

 
29,758

Customer financing assets
993

 
978

Future income tax benefits
1,462

 
1,494

Fixed assets
19,632

 
19,764

Less: Accumulated depreciation
(10,457
)
 
(10,488
)
Fixed assets, net
9,175

 
9,276

Goodwill
27,557

 
27,796

Intangible assets, net
15,571

 
15,560

Other assets
6,611

 
6,427

Total Assets
$
91,327

 
$
91,289

Liabilities and Equity
 
 
 
Short-term borrowings
$
2,314

 
$
126

Accounts payable
6,929

 
6,967

Accrued liabilities
14,616

 
14,006

Long-term debt currently due
1,870

 
1,796

Total Current Liabilities
25,729

 
22,895

Long-term debt
17,809

 
17,872

Future pension and postretirement benefit obligations
6,494

 
6,683

Other long-term liabilities
10,993

 
11,135

Total Liabilities
61,025

 
58,585

Commitments and contingent liabilities (Note 13)

 

Redeemable noncontrolling interest
135

 
140

Shareowners' Equity:
 
 
 
Common Stock
15,032

 
15,300

Treasury Stock
(24,520
)
 
(21,922
)
Retained earnings
45,462

 
44,611

Unearned ESOP shares
(113
)
 
(115
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(7,211
)
 
(6,661
)
Total Shareowners' Equity
28,650

 
31,213

Noncontrolling interest
1,517

 
1,351

Total Equity
30,167

 
32,564

Total Liabilities and Equity
$
91,327

 
$
91,289

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

5


UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
Operating Activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
1,498

 
$
1,306

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash flows provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
479

 
467

Deferred income tax provision
145

 
44

Stock compensation cost
51

 
60

Change in:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(450
)
 
(66
)
Inventories and contracts in progress
(453
)
 
(712
)
Other current assets

 
(5
)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
264

 
262

Global pension contributions
(45
)
 
(84
)
Other operating activities, net
(179
)
 
63

Net cash flows provided by operating activities
1,310

 
1,335

Investing Activities:
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(348
)
 
(333
)
Investments in businesses
(230
)
 
(17
)
Dispositions of businesses
158

 
123

(Increase) decrease in customer financing assets, net
(14
)
 
12

Increase in collaboration intangible assets
(132
)
 
(142
)
Receipts (payments) from settlements of derivative contracts
569

 
(113
)
Other investing activities, net
170

 
28

Net cash flows provided by (used in) investing activities
173

 
(442
)
Financing Activities:
 
 
 
Issuance of long-term debt, net
10

 
6

Increase (decrease) in short-term borrowings, net
2,177

 
(200
)
Proceeds from Common Stock issued under employee stock plans
24

 
86

Dividends paid on Common Stock
(553
)
 
(514
)
Repurchase of Common Stock
(3,000
)
 
(335
)
Other financing activities, net
(42
)
 
(38
)
Net cash flows used in financing activities
(1,384
)
 
(995
)
Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(53
)
 
(40
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
46

 
(142
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year
5,235

 
4,619

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
5,281

 
$
4,477


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

6


UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements at March 31, 2015 and for the quarters ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 are unaudited, but in the opinion of management include all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods. The results reported in these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should not necessarily be taken as indicative of results that may be expected for the entire year. Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior year amounts to conform to the current year presentation. The financial information included herein should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes in our Annual Report to Shareowners (2014 Annual Report) incorporated by reference to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for calendar year 2014 (2014 Form 10-K).
Note 1: Acquisitions, Dispositions, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Business Acquisitions and Dispositions. During the quarter ended March 31, 2015, our investment in business acquisitions was $247 million, including debt assumed of $17 million, and consisted of the acquisition of the majority interest in a UTC Climate, Controls & Security joint venture and a number of small acquisitions, primarily in our commercial businesses.
As a result of the 2012 transactions related to IAE International Aero Engines AG (IAE), Pratt & Whitney holds a 61% net interest in the collaboration and a 49.5% ownership interest in IAE. IAE's business purpose is to coordinate the design, development, manufacturing and product support of the V2500 jet engine program through involvement with the collaborators. IAE retains limited equity with the primary economics of the V2500 program passed to the participants in the separate collaboration arrangement. As such, we have determined that IAE is a variable interest entity with Pratt & Whitney its primary beneficiary, and IAE has, therefore, been consolidated. The carrying amounts and classification of assets and liabilities for IAE in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 31, 2015 are as follows:
(Dollars in millions)
 
Current assets
$
1,980

Noncurrent assets
928

Total assets
$
2,908

 
 
Current liabilities
$
2,061

Noncurrent liabilities
1,359

Total liabilities
$
3,420

Goodwill. Changes in our goodwill balances for the quarter ended March 31, 2015 were as follows:
(Dollars in millions)
Balance as of
January 1, 2015
 
Goodwill 
Resulting from Business Combinations
 
Foreign Currency Translation and Other
 
Balance as of
March 31, 2015
Otis
$
1,664

 
$
7

 
$
(81
)
 
$
1,590

UTC Climate, Controls & Security
9,408

 
336

 
(312
)
 
9,432

Pratt & Whitney
1,481

 

 
(1
)
 
1,480

UTC Aerospace Systems
14,892

 

 
(185
)
 
14,707

Sikorsky
347

 

 
(3
)
 
344

Total Segments
27,792

 
343

 
(582
)
 
27,553

Eliminations and other
4

 

 

 
4

Total
$
27,796

 
$
343

 
$
(582
)
 
$
27,557


7


Intangible Assets. Identifiable intangible assets are comprised of the following:
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
(Dollars in millions)
Gross Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Gross Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
Amortized:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service portfolios
$
1,975

 
$
(1,254
)
 
$
2,103

 
$
(1,309
)
Patents and trademarks
366

 
(189
)
 
361

 
(190
)
IAE collaboration
3,003

 
(32
)
 
2,872

 
(20
)
Customer relationships and other
12,267

 
(2,665
)
 
12,189

 
(2,623
)
 
17,611

 
(4,140
)
 
17,525

 
(4,142
)
Unamortized:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trademarks and other
2,100

 

 
2,177

 

Total
$
19,711

 
$
(4,140
)
 
$
19,702

 
$
(4,142
)
Customer relationship intangible assets include payments made to our customers to secure certain contractual rights. We amortize these intangible assets based on the underlying pattern of economic benefit, which may result in an amortization method other than straight-line. We classify amortization of such payments as a reduction of sales. The IAE collaboration intangible asset is amortized based upon the economic pattern of benefits as represented by the underlying cash flows. Amortization of intangible assets was approximately $179 million for each of the quarters ended March 31, 2015 and 2014. The following is the expected amortization of intangible assets for the years 2015 through 2020, which reflects an increase in expected amortization expense due to the pattern of economic benefit on certain aerospace intangible assets. 
(Dollars in millions)
 
Remaining 2015
 
2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
2019
 
2020
Amortization expense
 
$
521

 
$
692

 
$
729

 
$
771

 
$
744

 
$
728

Note 2: Earnings Per Share
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts; shares in millions)
2015
 
2014
Net income attributable to common shareowners
$
1,426

 
$
1,213

 
 
 
 
Basic weighted average number of shares outstanding
890.3

 
900.9

Stock awards and equity units
13.9

 
16.1

Diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding
904.2

 
917.0

Earnings Per Share of Common Stock:
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.60

 
$
1.35

Diluted
1.58

 
1.32

The computation of diluted earnings per share excludes the effect of the potential exercise of stock awards, including stock appreciation rights and stock options, when the average market price of the common stock is lower than the exercise price of the related stock awards during the period. These outstanding stock awards are not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because the effect would be anti-dilutive.  For the quarter ended March 31, 2015, the number of stock awards excluded from the computation was approximately 0.4 million. There were no anti-dilutive stock awards excluded from the computation for the quarter ended March 31, 2014.

8


Note 3: Inventories and Contracts in Progress
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Raw materials
$
2,058

 
$
2,056

Work-in-process
4,006

 
3,596

Finished goods
3,941

 
3,776

Contracts in progress
8,210

 
8,189

 
18,215

 
17,617

Less:
 
 
 
Progress payments, secured by lien, on U.S. Government contracts
(434
)
 
(300
)
Billings on contracts in progress
(7,445
)
 
(7,452
)
 
$
10,336

 
$
9,865

Inventory also includes capitalized contract development costs related to certain aerospace programs at UTC Aerospace Systems. As of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, these capitalized costs were $131 million and $141 million, respectively, which will be liquidated as production units are delivered to the customer.
Note 4: Borrowings and Lines of Credit
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Commercial paper
$
2,180

 
$

Other borrowings
134

 
126

Total short-term borrowings
$
2,314

 
$
126

At March 31, 2015, we had revolving credit agreements with various banks permitting aggregate borrowings of up to $5.85 billion pursuant to a $2.20 billion revolving credit agreement and a $2.15 billion multicurrency revolving credit agreement, both of which expire in May 2019, and a $1.5 billion revolving credit agreement, entered into on March 11, 2015, which expires in September 2015. As of March 31, 2015, there were no borrowings under these revolving credit agreements. The undrawn portions of these revolving credit agreements are also available to serve as backup facilities for the issuance of commercial paper. As of March 31, 2015, our maximum commercial paper borrowing limit was $4.35 billion. We use our commercial paper borrowings for general corporate purposes, including the funding of potential acquisitions, debt refinancing, and repurchases of our common stock. Commercial paper borrowings as of March 31, 2015 were largely used to initially finance the accelerated share repurchase agreements entered into on March 13, 2015. See Note 11 for further discussion of these accelerated share repurchase agreements.

9


Long-term debt consisted of the following:
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
LIBOR§ plus 0.500% floating rate notes due 2015
$
500

 
$
500

4.875% notes due 2015*
1,200

 
1,200

5.375% notes due 2017*
1,000

 
1,000

1.800% notes due 2017*
1,500

 
1,500

6.800% notes due 2018
99

 
99

6.125% notes due 2019*
1,250

 
1,250

8.875% notes due 2019
271

 
271

4.500% notes due 2020*
1,250

 
1,250

4.875% notes due 2020
171

 
171

8.750% notes due 2021
250

 
250

3.100% notes due 2022*
2,300

 
2,300

1.550% junior subordinated notes due 2022
1,100

 
1,100

7.100% notes due 2027
141

 
141

6.700% notes due 2028
400

 
400

7.500% notes due 2029*
550

 
550

5.400% notes due 2035*
600

 
600

6.050% notes due 2036*
600

 
600

6.800% notes due 2036
134

 
134

7.000% notes due 2038
159

 
159

6.125% notes due 2038*
1,000

 
1,000

5.700% notes due 2040*
1,000

 
1,000

4.500% notes due 2042*
3,500

 
3,500

Project financing obligations
176

 
147

Other (including capitalized leases)
364

 
378

Total principal long-term debt
19,515

 
19,500

Other (fair market value adjustments and discounts)
164

 
168

Total long-term debt
19,679

 
19,668

Less: current portion
1,870

 
1,796

Long-term debt, net of current portion
$
17,809

 
$
17,872

*
We may redeem the above notes, in whole or in part, at our option at any time at a redemption price in U.S. Dollars equal to the greater of 100% of the principal amount of the notes to be redeemed or the sum of the present values of the remaining scheduled payments of principal and interest on the notes to be redeemed, discounted to the redemption date on a semiannual basis at the adjusted treasury rate plus 10-50 basis points. The redemption price will also include interest accrued to the date of redemption on the principal balance of the notes being redeemed.
The junior subordinated notes are redeemable at our option, in whole or in part, on a date not earlier than August 1, 2017. The redemption price will be the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, up to but excluding the redemption date. We may extend or eliminate the optional redemption date as part of a remarketing of the junior subordinated notes which could occur between April 29, 2015 and July 15, 2015 or between July 23, 2015 and July 29, 2015.
Includes notes and remaining fair market value adjustments that were assumed as a part of the Goodrich acquisition on July 26, 2012.
§ 
The three-month LIBOR rate as of March 31, 2015 was approximately 0.3%.
On April 14, 2015, we announced our intention to conduct an optional remarketing of the 1.550% junior subordinated notes due in 2022, between April 29, 2015 and July 15, 2015.
We have an existing universal shelf registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for an indeterminate amount of equity and debt securities for future issuance, subject to our internal limitations on the amount of equity and debt to be issued under this shelf registration statement.

10


Note 5: Income Taxes
We conduct business globally and, as a result, UTC or one or more of our subsidiaries files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various state and foreign jurisdictions. In the normal course of business we are subject to examination by taxing authorities throughout the world, including such major jurisdictions as Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, the United Kingdom and the United States. With few exceptions, we are no longer subject to U.S. federal, state and local, or non-U.S. income tax examinations for years before 2003.
In the ordinary course of business, there is inherent uncertainty in quantifying our income tax positions. We assess our income tax positions and record tax benefits for all years subject to examination based upon management’s evaluation of the facts, circumstances, and information available at the reporting date. It is reasonably possible that over the next twelve months the amount of unrecognized tax benefits may change within a range of a net increase of $35 million to a net decrease of $460 million as a result of additional worldwide uncertain tax positions, the revaluation of current uncertain tax positions arising from developments in examinations, in appeals, or in the courts, or the closure of tax statutes. See Note 13, Contingent Liabilities, for discussion regarding uncertain tax positions, included in the above range, related to pending litigation with respect to certain deductions claimed in Germany.
UTC tax years 2011 and 2012 are currently under review by the Examination Division of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), which is expected to continue beyond the next 12 months. Goodrich Corporation tax years 2011 and 2012 through the date of acquisition by UTC are currently under review by the Examination Division of the IRS, which is also expected to continue beyond the next 12 months.
Note 6: Employee Benefit Plans
Pension and Postretirement Plans. We sponsor both funded and unfunded domestic and foreign defined pension and other postretirement benefit plans, and defined contribution plans. Contributions to our plans were as follows:
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
Defined benefit plans
$
45

 
$
84

Defined contribution plans
$
96

 
$
90

There were no contributions to our domestic defined benefit pension plans in the quarters ended March 31, 2015 and 2014. The following table illustrates the components of net periodic benefit cost for our defined pension and other postretirement benefit plans:
 
Pension Benefits
Quarter Ended March 31,
 
Other Postretirement Benefits
Quarter Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Service cost
$
125

 
$
122

 
$
1

 
$
1

Interest cost
351

 
380

 
8

 
10

Expected return on plan assets
(569
)
 
(554
)
 

 

Amortization
(3
)
 
(2
)
 

 

Recognized actuarial net loss (gain)
221

 
107

 
(1
)
 
(1
)
Net settlement and curtailment loss
6

 

 

 

Total net periodic benefit cost
$
131

 
$
53

 
$
8

 
$
10

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

11


Note 7: Restructuring Costs
During the quarter ended March 31, 2015, we recorded net pre-tax restructuring costs totaling $93 million for new and ongoing restructuring actions. We recorded charges in the segments as follows:
(Dollars in millions)
 
Otis
$
6

UTC Climate, Controls & Security
24

Pratt & Whitney
13

UTC Aerospace Systems
50

Total
$
93

Restructuring charges incurred during the quarter ended March 31, 2015 primarily relate to actions initiated during 2015 and 2014, and were recorded as follows:
(Dollars in millions)
 
Cost of sales
$
22

Selling, general and administrative
71

Total
$
93

2015 Actions. During the quarter ended March 31, 2015, we recorded net pre-tax restructuring costs totaling $64 million, including $5 million in cost of sales and $59 million in selling, general and administrative expenses. The 2015 actions relate to ongoing cost reduction efforts, including workforce reductions and the consolidation of field operations.
We are targeting the majority of the remaining workforce and all facility related cost reduction actions for completion during 2015 and 2016. No specific plans for significant other actions have been finalized at this time. All costs incurred during the quarter ended March 31, 2015 relate to severance. The following table summarizes the accrual balance and utilization for the 2015 restructuring actions:
(Dollars in millions)
Total
Net pre-tax restructuring costs
$
64

Utilization and foreign exchange
(3
)
Balance at March 31, 2015
$
61

The following table summarizes expected, incurred and remaining costs for the 2015 restructuring actions by segment:
(Dollars in millions)
Expected
Costs
 
Costs Incurred Quarter Ended March 31, 2015
 
Remaining Costs at
March 31, 2015
Otis
$
1

 
$

 
$
1

UTC Climate, Controls & Security
20

 
(16
)
 
4

Pratt & Whitney
1

 
(1
)
 

UTC Aerospace Systems
49

 
(47
)
 
2

Total
$
71

 
$
(64
)
 
$
7

2014 Actions. During the quarter ended March 31, 2015, we recorded net pre-tax restructuring costs totaling $23 million for restructuring actions initiated in 2014, including $14 million in cost of sales and $9 million in selling, general and administrative expenses. The 2014 actions relate to ongoing cost reduction efforts, including workforce reductions and the consolidation of field operations. The following table summarizes the accrual balances and utilization by cost type for the 2014 restructuring actions:

12


(Dollars in millions)
Severance
 
Facility Exit,
Lease
Termination and
Other Costs
 
Total
Restructuring accruals at January 1, 2015
$
162

 
$
9

 
$
171

Net pre-tax restructuring costs
14

 
9

 
23

Utilization and foreign exchange
(46
)
 
(10
)
 
(56
)
Balance at March 31, 2015
$
130

 
$
8

 
$
138

The following table summarizes expected, incurred and remaining costs for the 2014 restructuring actions by segment:
(Dollars in millions)
Expected
Costs
 
Costs Incurred in 2014
 
Costs Incurred Quarter Ended March 31, 2015
 
Remaining Costs at
March 31, 2015
Otis
$
133

 
$
(98
)
 
$
(6
)
 
$
29

UTC Climate, Controls & Security
127

 
(86
)
 
(7
)
 
34

Pratt & Whitney
86

 
(64
)
 
(10
)
 
12

UTC Aerospace Systems
84

 
(72
)
 

 
12

Sikorsky
20

 
(20
)
 

 

Eliminations and other
5

 
(5
)
 

 

Total
$
455

 
$
(345
)
 
$
(23
)
 
$
87

2013 Actions. As of March 31, 2015, we have approximately $71 million of accrual balances remaining related to 2013 actions.
Note 8: Financial Instruments
We enter into derivative instruments for risk management purposes only, including derivatives designated as hedging instruments under the Derivatives and Hedging Topic of the FASB ASC and those utilized as economic hedges. We operate internationally and, in the normal course of business, are exposed to fluctuations in interest rates, foreign exchange rates and commodity prices. These fluctuations can increase the costs of financing, investing and operating the business. We have used derivative instruments, including swaps, forward contracts and options to manage certain foreign currency, interest rate and commodity price exposures.
The four quarter rolling average of the notional amount of foreign exchange contracts hedging foreign currency transactions was $14.5 billion and $13.9 billion at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.
The following table summarizes the fair value of derivative instruments as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 which consist solely of foreign exchange contracts:
 
Asset Derivatives
 
Liability Derivatives
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments
$
34

 
$
3

 
$
380

 
$
248

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
97

 
139

 
230

 
71

The impact from foreign exchange derivative instruments that qualified as cash flow hedges was as follows:
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
Loss recorded in Accumulated other comprehensive loss
$
(184
)
 
$
(80
)
Loss reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive loss into Product sales (effective portion)
$
57

 
$
18

Assuming current market conditions continue, a $176 million pre-tax loss is expected to be reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive loss into Product sales to reflect the fixed prices obtained from foreign exchange hedging within the next 12 months. At March 31, 2015, all derivative contracts accounted for as cash flow hedges will mature by April 2017.

13


We recognized gains of $18 million and $26 million in Other income, net on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income from foreign exchange contracts not designated as hedging instruments in the quarters ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. During the quarter ended March 31, 2015, we received $569 million from settlements of derivative contracts. During the quarter ended March 31, 2014, we made payments of $113 million to settle derivative contracts.
Note 9: Fair Value Measurements
The Fair Value Measurements and Disclosure Topic of the FASB ASC establishes a valuation hierarchy for disclosure of the inputs to the valuations used to measure fair value. A financial asset or liability's classification within the hierarchy is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement. This hierarchy prioritizes the inputs into three broad levels as follows:
Level 1 - quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;
Level 2 - inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3 - unobservable inputs based on our own assumptions used to measure assets and liabilities at fair value.
The following tables provide the valuation hierarchy classification of assets and liabilities that are carried at fair value and measured on a recurring and nonrecurring basis in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014: 
March 31, 2015 (Dollars in millions)
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Recurring fair value measurements:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Available-for-sale securities
$
982

 
$
982

 
$

 
$

Derivative assets
131

 

 
131

 

Derivative liabilities
(610
)
 

 
(610
)
 

December 31, 2014 (Dollars in millions)
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Recurring fair value measurements:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Available-for-sale securities
$
961

 
$
961

 
$

 
$

Derivative assets
142

 

 
142

 

Derivative liabilities
(319
)
 

 
(319
)
 

Nonrecurring fair value measurements:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Business dispositions
3

 

 
3

 

We have recorded net gains of approximately $126 million during the quarter ended March 31, 2015, as a result of a fair value adjustment related to the acquisition of a controlling interest in a UTC Climate, Controls & Security joint venture investment.
Valuation Techniques. Our available-for-sale securities include equity investments that are traded in active markets, either domestically or internationally, and are measured at fair value using closing stock prices from active markets. Our derivative assets and liabilities include foreign exchange contracts and commodity derivatives that are measured at fair value using internal models based on observable market inputs such as forward rates, interest rates, our own credit risk and our counterparties' credit risks. As of March 31, 2015, there were no significant transfers in and out of Level 1 and Level 2.
As of March 31, 2015, there has not been any significant impact to the fair value of our derivative liabilities due to our own credit risk. Similarly, there has not been any significant adverse impact to our derivative assets based on our evaluation of our counterparties' credit risks.

14


The following table provides carrying amounts and fair values of financial instruments that are not carried at fair value in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014:
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
(Dollars in millions)
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair
Value
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair
Value
Long-term receivables
$
146

 
$
138

 
$
214

 
$
204

Customer financing notes receivable
252

 
250

 
262

 
260

Short-term borrowings
(2,314
)
 
(2,314
)
 
(126
)
 
(126
)
Long-term debt (excluding capitalized leases)
(19,650
)
 
(22,530
)
 
(19,634
)
 
(22,254
)
Long-term liabilities
(289
)
 
(276
)
 
(80
)
 
(74
)
The following table provides the valuation hierarchy classification of assets and liabilities that are not carried at fair value in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 31, 2015:
(Dollars in millions)
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Long-term receivables
$
138

 
$

 
$
138

 
$

Customer financing notes receivable
250

 

 
250

 

Short-term borrowings
(2,314
)
 

 
(2,180
)
 
(134
)
Long-term debt (excluding capitalized leases)
(22,530
)
 

 
(22,138
)
 
(392
)
Long-term liabilities
(276
)
 

 
(276
)
 

We had commercial aerospace financing and other contractual commitments totaling approximately $10.9 billion and $11.3 billion as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively, related to commercial aircraft and certain contractual rights to provide product on new aircraft platforms. Risks associated with changes in interest rates on these commitments are mitigated by the fact that interest rates are variable during the commitment term, and are set at the date of funding based on current market conditions, the fair value of the underlying collateral and the credit worthiness of the customers. As a result, the fair value of these financings is expected to equal the amounts funded. The fair value of these commitments is not readily determinable.
Note 10: Long-Term Financing Receivables
Our long-term financing receivables primarily represent balances related to our aerospace businesses, such as long-term trade accounts receivable, leases receivable, and notes receivable. We also have other long-term receivables related to our commercial businesses; however, both the individual and aggregate amounts of those other receivables are not significant.
Long-term trade accounts receivable, including unbilled receivables primarily related to long-term aftermarket contracts, represent amounts arising from the sale of goods and services with a contractual maturity date of greater than one year, and are recognized as Other assets in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. Notes and leases receivable represent notes and lease receivables other than receivables related to operating leases, and are recognized as Customer financing assets in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. The following table summarizes the balance by class of aerospace business-related long-term receivables as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014.
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Long-term trade accounts receivable
$
1,069

 
$
1,045

Notes and leases receivable
411

 
381

Total long-term receivables
$
1,480

 
$
1,426

Customer credit ratings range from customers with an extremely strong capacity to meet financial obligations, to customers whose uncollateralized receivable is in default. There can be no assurance that actual results will not differ from estimates or that consideration of these factors in the future will not result in an increase or decrease to the allowance for credit losses on long-term receivables. Based upon the customer credit ratings, approximately 7% of our total long-term receivables were considered to bear high credit risk as of both March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014.
For long-term trade accounts receivable, we evaluate credit risk and collectability individually to determine if an allowance is necessary. Our long-term receivables included in the table above are individually evaluated for impairment, and we had valuation reserves of $10 million as of both March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014. At March 31, 2015 and

15


December 31, 2014, we did not have any significant balances that are considered to be delinquent, on non-accrual status, past due 90 days or more, or considered to be impaired.
Note 11: Shareowners' Equity and Noncontrolling Interest
A summary of the changes in shareowners' equity and noncontrolling interest comprising total equity for the quarters ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 is provided below:
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
(Dollars in millions)
Share-owners'
Equity
 
Non-controlling Interest
 
Total
Equity
 
Share-owners'
Equity
 
Non-controlling Interest
 
Total
Equity
Equity, beginning of period
$
31,213

 
$
1,351

 
$
32,564

 
$
31,866

 
$
1,353

 
$
33,219

Comprehensive income for the period:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
1,426

 
72

 
1,498

 
1,213

 
93

 
1,306

Total other comprehensive loss
(550
)
 
(40
)
 
(590
)
 
(61
)
 
(7
)
 
(68
)
Total comprehensive income for the period
876

 
32

 
908

 
1,152

 
86

 
1,238

Common Stock issued under employee plans
125

 

 
125

 
165

 

 
165

Common Stock repurchased
(3,000
)
 

 
(3,000
)
 
(335
)
 

 
(335
)
Dividends on Common Stock
(553
)
 

 
(553
)
 
(514
)
 

 
(514
)
Dividends on ESOP Common Stock
(19
)
 

 
(19
)
 
(18
)
 

 
(18
)
Dividends attributable to noncontrolling interest


 
(55
)
 
(55
)
 


 
(56
)
 
(56
)
Sale of subsidiary shares from noncontrolling interest
11

 
14

 
25

 
1

 
24

 
25

Acquisition of noncontrolling interest

 
172

 
172

 

 

 

Disposition of noncontrolling interest


 
(3
)
 
(3
)
 


 

 

Redeemable noncontrolling interest
(3
)
 
6

 
3

 

 
(29
)
 
(29
)
Equity, end of period
$
28,650

 
$
1,517

 
$
30,167

 
$
32,317

 
$
1,378

 
$
33,695

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
On March 13, 2015, we entered into accelerated share repurchase (ASR) agreements with each of Goldman, Sachs & Co. (Goldman Sachs) and Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC (Morgan Stanley) to repurchase shares of our common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $2.65 billion. Each ASR agreement provides for the repurchase of our common stock based on the average of the daily volume-weighted average prices of our common stock during the term of such ASR agreement, less a discount and subject to adjustments pursuant to the terms and conditions of the ASR agreement.
On March 13, 2015, we paid the aggregate purchase price and received an initial delivery of 18.6 million shares of common stock at a price of $121.24 per share, representing approximately 85% of the shares expected to be repurchased. The aggregate purchase price was recorded as a reduction to shareowners’ equity, consisting of a $2.25 billion billion increase in treasury stock and a $398 million decrease in additional paid-in capital. Upon final settlement of the ASR agreements, under certain circumstances, each of Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley may be required to deliver additional shares of common stock, or, under certain circumstances, we may be required to deliver shares of common stock or to make a cash payment, at our election, to Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley. The final settlement of the transactions under the ASR agreements is expected to occur no later than the fourth quarter of 2015 and may be accelerated at the option of Goldman Sachs or Morgan Stanley, as the case may be.
Each of the ASR agreements contains customary terms for these types of transactions, including the mechanisms to determine the number of shares or the amount of cash that will be delivered at settlement, the required timing of delivery upon settlement, the specific circumstances under which adjustments may be made to the repurchase transactions, the specific circumstances under which the repurchase transactions may be canceled prior to the scheduled maturity and various acknowledgments, representations and warranties made by the Company and Goldman Sachs or Morgan Stanley, as applicable, to one another.
A summary of the changes in each component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax for the quarters ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 is provided below:

16


(Dollars in millions)
Foreign
Currency
Translation
 
Defined
Benefit
Pension and
Post-
retirement
Plans
 
Unrealized Gains
(Losses) on
Available-for-Sale
Securities
 
Unrealized
Hedging
(Losses)
Gains
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
(Loss) Income
Quarter Ended March 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2014
$
(1,051
)
 
$
(5,709
)
 
$
308

 
$
(209
)
 
$
(6,661
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications, net
(665
)
 
35

 
54

 
(132
)
 
(708
)
Amounts reclassified, pretax
(2
)
 
217

 
(28
)
 
57

 
244

Tax (benefit) expense reclassified

 
(80
)
 
10

 
(16
)
 
(86
)
Balance at March 31, 2015
$
(1,718
)
 
$
(5,537
)
 
$
344

 
$
(300
)
 
$
(7,211
)
(Dollars in millions)
Foreign
Currency
Translation
 
Defined
Benefit
Pension and
Post-
retirement
Plans
 
Unrealized Gains
(Losses) on
Available-for-Sale
Securities
 
Unrealized
Hedging
(Losses)
Gains
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
(Loss) Income
Quarter Ended March 31, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2013
$
170

 
$
(3,267
)
 
$
296

 
$
(79
)
 
$
(2,880
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications, net
(102
)
 
13

 
22

 
(65
)
 
(132
)
Amounts reclassified, pretax
3

 
104

 
(24
)
 
18

 
101

Tax (benefit) expense reclassified

 
(34
)
 
7

 
(3
)
 
(30
)
Balance at March 31, 2014
$
71

 
$
(3,184
)
 
$
301

 
$
(129
)
 
$
(2,941
)
Amounts reclassified related to our defined benefit pension and postretirement plans include amortization of prior service costs and transition obligations, and actuarial net losses recognized during each period presented. These costs are recorded as components of net periodic pension cost for each period presented (see Note 6 for additional details).
All noncontrolling interests with redemption features, such as put options, that are not solely within our control (redeemable noncontrolling interests) are reported in the mezzanine section of the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet, between liabilities and equity, at the greater of redemption value or initial carrying value. A summary of the changes in redeemable noncontrolling interest recorded in the mezzanine section of the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet for the quarters ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 is provided below:
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
Redeemable noncontrolling interest, beginning of period
$
140

 
$
111

Net income
1

 
6

Foreign currency translation, net
(7
)
 
(2
)
Dividends attributable to noncontrolling interest
(3
)
 
(3
)
Redeemable noncontrolling interest fair value adjustment
4

 

Redeemable noncontrolling interest reclassification to noncontrolling interest

 
25

Redeemable noncontrolling interest, end of period
$
135

 
$
137

Changes in noncontrolling interests that do not result in a change of control and where there is a difference between fair value and carrying value are accounted for as equity transactions. A summary of these changes in ownership interests in subsidiaries and the pro-forma effect on Net income attributable to common shareowners had they been recorded through net income for the quarters ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 is provided below:

17


 
Quarter Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
Net income attributable to common shareowners
$
1,426

 
$
1,213

Transfers to noncontrolling interests:
 
 
 
 Increase in common stock for sale of subsidiary shares
23

 
4

 Decrease in common stock for purchase of subsidiary shares
(12
)
 
(3
)
Net income attributable to common shareowners after transfers to noncontrolling interests
$
1,437

 
$
1,214

Note 12: Guarantees
We extend a variety of financial, market value and product performance guarantees to third parties. There have been no material changes to guarantees outstanding since December 31, 2014. The changes in the carrying amount of service and product warranties and product performance guarantees for the quarters ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 are as follows:
(Dollars in millions)
 
2015
 
2014
Balance as of January 1
 
$
1,313

 
$
1,360

Warranties and performance guarantees issued
 
76

 
79

Settlements made
 
(71
)
 
(71
)
Other
 
(4
)
 
(39
)
Balance as of March 31
 
$
1,314

 
$
1,329

Note 13: Contingent Liabilities
Summarized below are the matters previously described in Note 17 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our 2014 Annual Report, incorporated by reference in our 2014 Form 10-K, updated as applicable.
Except as otherwise noted, while we are unable to predict the final outcome, based on information currently available, we do not believe that resolution of any of the following matters will have a material adverse effect upon our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.
Environmental. Our operations are subject to environmental regulation by federal, state and local authorities in the United States and regulatory authorities with jurisdiction over our foreign operations. As described in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our 2014 Annual Report, we have accrued for the costs of environmental remediation activities and periodically reassess these amounts. We believe that the likelihood of incurring losses materially in excess of amounts accrued is remote. Additional information pertaining to environmental matters is included in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our 2014 Annual Report.
Government. We are now, and believe that, in light of the current U.S. Government contracting environment, we will continue to be the subject of one or more U.S. Government investigations. If we or one of our business units were charged with wrongdoing as a result of any of these investigations or other government investigations (including violations of certain environmental or export laws) the U.S. Government could suspend us from bidding on or receiving awards of new U.S. Government contracts pending the completion of legal proceedings. If convicted or found liable, the U.S. Government could fine and debar us from new U.S. Government contracting for a period generally not to exceed three years. The U.S. Government could void any contracts found to be tainted by fraud.
Our contracts with the U.S. Government are also subject to audits. Like many defense contractors, we have received audit reports which recommend that certain contract prices should be reduced to comply with various government regulations. Some of these audit reports involved substantial amounts. We have made voluntary refunds in those cases we believe appropriate, have settled some allegations and continue to litigate certain cases. In addition, we accrue for liabilities associated with those matters that are probable and can be reasonably estimated. The most likely settlement amount to be incurred is accrued based upon a range of estimates. Where no amount within a range of estimates is more likely, then we accrued the minimum amount.

18


Legal Proceedings.
F100 Engine Litigation
As previously disclosed, the United States Government sued us in 1999 in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio, claiming that Pratt & Whitney violated the civil False Claims Act and common law. The claims relate to the “Fighter Engine Competition” between Pratt & Whitney's F100 engine and General Electric's F110 engine. The government alleged that it overpaid for F100 engines under contracts awarded by the U.S. Air Force in fiscal years 1985 through 1990 because Pratt & Whitney inflated its estimated costs for some purchased parts and withheld data that would have revealed the overstatements. At trial, which ended in April 2005, the government claimed Pratt & Whitney's liability to be approximately $624 million. On August 1, 2008, the trial court held that the Air Force had not suffered any actual damages because Pratt & Whitney had made significant price concessions after the alleged overstatements were made. However, the trial court judge found that Pratt & Whitney violated the False Claims Act due to inaccurate statements contained in its 1983 initial engine pricing proposal. In the absence of actual damages, the trial court awarded the government the maximum civil penalty of approximately $7 million, or $10,000 for each of the 709 invoices Pratt & Whitney submitted in 1989 and later under the contracts. In September 2008, both the government and UTC appealed the decision to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. In November 2010, the Sixth Circuit affirmed Pratt & Whitney's liability for the civil penalty under the False Claims Act, but remanded the case to the trial court for further proceedings on the issues of False Claims Act damages and common law liability and damages.
On June 18, 2012, the trial court found that Pratt & Whitney had breached obligations imposed by common law based on the same conduct with respect to which the court previously found liability under the False Claims Act. Under the common law claims, the U.S. Air Force seeks damages for events occurring before March 3, 1989, which are not recoverable under the False Claims Act.
On June 17, 2013, the trial court awarded the government approximately $473 million in damages and penalties, plus prejudgment interest in an amount to be determined. On July 1, 2013, the trial court, after determining the amount of prejudgment interest, entered judgment in favor of the government in the amount of approximately $664 million. The trial court also awarded post-judgment interest on the full amount of the judgment to accrue from July 2, 2013, at the federal variable interest rate determined pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1961. The judgment included four different components: (1) common law damages of approximately $109 million; (2) prejudgment interest on common law damages of approximately $191 million; (3) False Claims Act treble damages of approximately $357 million; and (4) penalties of approximately $7 million. The penalty component of the judgment previously was affirmed by the United States Court of Appeals in 2010.
We filed an appeal from the judgment to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit on August 26, 2013. On April 6, 2015, the Sixth Circuit reversed the trial court’s decision and vacated the prior damages award, noting that the government did not prove any damages. The Court rejected as a matter of law the evidence submitted by the government on damages and remanded the case to the trial court to decide in the first instance whether the government should have another opportunity to prove that it suffered any actual damages. We continue to believe that the government suffered no actual damages as a result of the inaccurate statements made in 1983, and continue not to accrue a reserve beyond the approximately $7 million of penalties referenced above and post-judgment interest on such penalties, which in the aggregate are not material.
Cost Accounting Standards Claim
By letter dated December 24, 2013, a Divisional Administrative Contracting Officer of the United States Defense Contract Management Agency asserted a claim and demand for payment of approximately $211 million against Pratt & Whitney. The claim is based on Pratt & Whitney's alleged noncompliance with cost accounting standards from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2012, due to its method of determining the cost of collaborator parts used in the calculation of material overhead costs for government contracts. We believe this claim is without merit. On March 18, 2014, Pratt & Whitney filed an appeal to the Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals.
German Tax Litigation
As previously disclosed, UTC has been involved in administrative review proceedings with the German Tax Office, which concern approximately €215 million (approximately $237 million) of tax benefits that we have claimed related to a 1998 reorganization of the corporate structure of Otis operations in Germany. Upon audit, these tax benefits were disallowed by the German Tax Office. UTC estimates interest associated with the aforementioned tax benefits is an additional approximately €118 million (approximately $130 million). On August 3, 2012, we filed suit in the local German Tax Court (Berlin-Brandenburg). In 2008 the German Federal Tax Court (FTC) denied benefits to another taxpayer in a case involving a German tax law relevant to our reorganization. The determination of the FTC on this other matter was appealed to the European Court of Justice (ECJ) to determine if the underlying German tax law is violative of European Union principles. On September 17, 2009, the ECJ issued an opinion in this case that is generally favorable to the other taxpayer and referred the case back to the FTC for further

19


consideration of certain related issues. In May 2010, the FTC released its decision, in which it resolved certain tax issues that may be relevant to our suit and remanded the case to a lower court for further development. In 2012, the lower court decided in favor of the other taxpayer and the German Government again appealed the findings to the FTC. In November 2014, the FTC ruled in favor of the German Government, and against the other taxpayer. We believe that the FTC decision in the case involving the other taxpayer is not determinative of the outcome in our case, and we will continue vigorously to litigate the matter. However, in light of the FTC decision in the case involving the other taxpayer, we fully accrued for the matter during the quarter ended December 31, 2014. While we continue to litigate the matter at the local German Tax Court, UTC made tax and interest payments to German tax authorities of €20 million (approximately $22 million) in the quarter ended March 31, 2015 and expects to make tax and interest payments of €176 million (approximately $194 million) in April 2015 to avoid additional interest accruals pending final resolution of this matter.
Other.
As described in Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our 2014 Annual Report, we extend performance and operating cost guarantees beyond our normal warranty and service policies for extended periods on some of our products. We have accrued our estimate of the liability that may result under these guarantees and for service costs that are probable and can be reasonably estimated.
We have accrued for environmental investigatory, remediation, operating and maintenance costs, performance guarantees and other litigation and claims based on our estimate of the probable outcome of these matters. While it is possible that the outcome of these matters may differ from the recorded liability, we believe that resolution of these matters will not have a material impact on our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.
We also have other commitments and contingent liabilities related to legal proceedings, self-insurance programs and matters arising out of the normal course of business. We accrue contingencies based upon a range of possible outcomes. If no amount within this range is a better estimate than any other, then we accrue the minimum amount.
We are also subject to a number of routine lawsuits, investigations and claims (some of which involve substantial amounts) arising out of the ordinary course of our business. We do not believe that these matters will have a material adverse effect upon our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.
Note 14: Segment Financial Data
Our operations are classified into five principal segments: Otis, UTC Climate, Controls & Security, Pratt & Whitney, UTC Aerospace Systems and Sikorsky. The segments are generally based on the management structure of the businesses and the grouping of similar operating companies, where each management organization has general operating autonomy over diversified products and services.
Results for the quarters ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 are as follows:
 
Net Sales
 
Operating Profits
 
Operating Profit Margins
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Otis
$
2,745

 
$
2,955

 
$
527

 
$
570

 
19.2
%
 
19.3
%
UTC Climate, Controls & Security
3,852

 
3,851

 
729

 
537

 
18.9
%
 
13.9
%
Pratt & Whitney
3,332

 
3,329

 
419

 
388

 
12.6
%
 
11.7
%
UTC Aerospace Systems
3,548

 
3,450

 
569

 
590

 
16.0
%
 
17.1
%
Sikorsky
1,267

 
1,361

 
92

 
86

 
7.3
%
 
6.3
%
Total segments
14,744

 
14,946

 
2,336

 
2,171

 
15.8
%
 
14.5
%
Eliminations and other
(203
)
 
(201
)
 
48

 
39

 
 
 
 
General corporate expenses

 

 
(110
)
 
(112
)
 
 
 
 
Consolidated
$
14,541

 
$
14,745

 
$
2,274

 
$
2,098

 
15.6
%
 
14.2
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
See Note 7 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion of restructuring costs included in segment operating results.
Note 15: Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers" (Topic 606). This ASU is intended to clarify the principles for recognizing revenue by removing inconsistencies in revenue requirements; providing a more robust framework for addressing revenue issues; improving comparability of revenue

20


recognition practices across entities, industries, jurisdictions and capital markets; and providing more useful information to users of financial statements through improved revenue disclosure requirements. In April 2015, the FASB voted to defer the effective date of the new revenue recognition standard by one year. As a result, the provisions of this ASU are now effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017. We are currently evaluating the impact of this ASU.
In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-02, "Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis." This update is intended to improve targeted areas of consolidation guidance by simplifying the consolidation evaluation process, and by placing more emphasis on risk of loss when determining a controlling financial interest. The provisions of this ASU are effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015. We are currently evaluating the impact of this ASU.
In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-03, “Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs”. This ASU more closely aligns the treatment of debt issuance costs with debt discounts and premiums and requires debt issuance costs be presented as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of the related debt. The amendments in this ASU are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015 and interim periods within those fiscal years. This ASU is not expected to have a significant impact on our financial statements or disclosures.

21


With respect to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial information of UTC for the quarters ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (PricewaterhouseCoopers) reported that it has applied limited procedures in accordance with professional standards for a review of such information. However, its report dated April 24, 2015, appearing below, states that the firm did not audit and does not express an opinion on that unaudited condensed consolidated financial information. PricewaterhouseCoopers has not carried out any significant or additional audit tests beyond those that would have been necessary if their report had not been included. Accordingly, the degree of reliance on its report on such information should be restricted in light of the limited nature of the review procedures applied. PricewaterhouseCoopers is not subject to the liability provisions of Section 11 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the Act) for its report on the unaudited condensed consolidated financial information because that report is not a "report" or a "part" of a registration statement prepared or certified by PricewaterhouseCoopers within the meaning of Sections 7 and 11 of the Act.
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Board of Directors and Shareowners of United Technologies Corporation:
We have reviewed the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet of United Technologies Corporation and its subsidiaries as of March 31, 2015 and the related condensed consolidated statements of operations and condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 and the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014. This interim financial information is the responsibility of the Corporation's management.
We conducted our review in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). A review of interim financial information consists principally of applying analytical procedures and making inquiries of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters. It is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the objective of which is the expression of an opinion regarding the financial statements taken as a whole. Accordingly, we do not express such an opinion.
Based on our review, we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the accompanying condensed consolidated interim financial information for it to be in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
We previously audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2014, and the related consolidated statements of operations, of comprehensive income, of cash flows, and of changes in equity for the year then ended (not presented herein), and in our report dated February 5, 2015, we expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements. In our opinion, the information set forth in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2014, is fairly stated in all material respects in relation to the consolidated balance sheet from which it has been derived.


/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
Hartford, Connecticut
April 24, 2015

22


Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
BUSINESS OVERVIEW
We are a global provider of high technology products and services to the building systems and aerospace industries. Our operations are classified into five principal business segments: Otis, UTC Climate, Controls & Security, Pratt & Whitney, UTC Aerospace Systems and Sikorsky. Otis and UTC Climate, Controls & Security are referred to as the "commercial businesses," while Pratt & Whitney, UTC Aerospace Systems and Sikorsky are collectively referred to as the "aerospace businesses." UTC Building and Industrial Systems is an organizational structure consisting of our commercial businesses. Otis and UTC Climate, Controls & Security each continue to report their financial and operational results as separate segments, which is consistent with how we allocate resources and measure the financial performance of these businesses. On March 11, 2015, we announced that we are conducting a review of strategic alternatives for the Sikorsky business, including a potential tax-free spinoff. We expect to conclude our strategic review mid-year 2015.
The current status of significant factors affecting our business environment in 2015 is discussed below. For additional discussion, refer to the "Business Overview" section in Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in our 2014 Annual Report, which is incorporated by reference in our 2014 Form 10-K.
General
Our worldwide operations can be affected by industrial, economic and political factors on both a regional and global level. To limit the impact of any one industry, or the economy of any single country on our consolidated operating results, our strategy has been, and continues to be, the maintenance of a balanced and diversified portfolio of businesses. Our operations include original equipment manufacturing (OEM) and extensive related aftermarket parts and services in both our commercial and aerospace businesses. Our business mix also reflects the combination of shorter cycles at UTC Climate, Controls & Security and in our commercial aerospace aftermarket businesses, and longer cycles at Otis and in our aerospace OEM businesses. Our customers include companies in the private sector and governments, and our businesses reflect an extensive geographic diversification that has evolved with the continued globalization of world economies.
The global economy continues to expand in 2015 with world gross domestic product (GDP) growth projected to reach 3.0% driven by strength in the U.S. and a modest improvement in Western Europe. With U.S. GDP forecasted at 3.0%, the U.S. economy is expected to reach its highest growth level in 10 years. Although emerging markets have historically led global growth relative to advanced and developing countries, slowing growth rates in China and forecasted contraction in Russia and Brazil have tempered growth expectations for emerging markets in 2015 to 4.0%. In China, with lower manufacturing growth and a decline in the real estate sector, China GDP is forecast to slow to 6.5% in 2015 as China continues to use fiscal policy to support growth.
U.S. Government deficit reduction measures continue to pressure U.S. Department of Defense spending and adversely affect our military businesses. Total sales to the U.S. Government were $2.1 billion in each of the quarters ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, or 14% of total UTC sales. The defense portion of our aerospace business is affected by changes in market demand and the global political environment. Our participation in long-term production and development programs for the U.S. Government has, and is expected to contribute positively to our results in 2015.
Acquisition Activity
Our growth strategy contemplates acquisitions. Our operations and results can be affected by the rate and extent to which appropriate acquisition opportunities are available, acquired businesses are effectively integrated, and anticipated synergies or cost savings are achieved. During the quarter ended March 31, 2015, our investment in business acquisitions was approximately $247 million, including debt assumed of $17 million, which includes the acquisition of a majority interest in a UTC Climate, Controls & Security joint venture and a number of other small acquisitions primarily in our commercial businesses. We expect cash investment in businesses to be approximately $1 billion in 2015. However, actual acquisition spending may vary depending upon the timing, availability and value of acquisition opportunities.
Other
Government legislation, policies and regulations can have a negative impact on our worldwide operations. Government regulation of refrigerants and energy efficiency standards, elevator safety codes and fire protection regulations are important to our commercial businesses. Government and market-driven safety and performance regulations, restrictions on aircraft engine noise and emissions, and government procurement practices can impact our aerospace and defense businesses.
Global economic and political conditions, changes in raw material and commodity prices, interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, energy costs, levels of end market demand in construction, levels of air travel, the financial condition of

23


commercial airlines, and the impact from natural disasters and weather conditions create uncertainties that could impact our earnings outlook for the remainder of 2015. See Part I, Item 1A, "Risk Factors" in our 2014 Form 10-K for further discussion.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES
Preparation of our financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, sales and expenses. We believe the most complex and sensitive judgments, because of their significance to the Consolidated Financial Statements, result primarily from the need to make estimates about the effects of matters that are inherently uncertain. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our 2014 Annual Report, incorporated by reference in our 2014 Form 10-K, describe the significant accounting estimates and policies used in preparation of the Consolidated Financial Statements. Actual results in these areas could differ from management's estimates. There have been no significant changes in our critical accounting estimates during the quarter ended March 31, 2015.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Net Sales
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
Net Sales
$
14,541

 
$
14,745

The factors contributing to the total percentage change year-over-year in total net sales for the quarter ended March 31, 2015 are as follows:
 
Quarter Ended March 31, 2015
Organic change
3
 %
Foreign currency translation
(4
)%
Total % Change
(1
)%
During the quarter ended March 31, 2015, organic sales growth at UTC Aerospace Systems (7%), UTC Climate, Controls & Security (6%), and Otis (2%) was partially offset by organic sales contraction at Sikorsky (7%). Organic sales growth at UTC Aerospace Systems was driven by higher commercial aerospace OEM and aftermarket sales volume. Organic sales growth at UTC Climate, Controls & Security was driven by the U.S. commercial heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) and fire products businesses, and by the transport refrigeration business, while organic growth at Otis was primarily due to higher new equipment sales in North America and China. The organic sales contraction at Sikorsky is primarily due to lower U.S. Government and commercial aircraft sales and lower aftermarket sales.
Cost of Products and Services Sold 
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
Cost of products sold
$
7,830

 
$
8,081

Percentage of product sales
75.5
%
 
75.6
%
Cost of services sold
$
2,693

 
$
2,609

Percentage of service sales
64.6
%
 
64.4
%
Total cost of products and services sold
$
10,523

 
$
10,690


24


The factors contributing to the percentage change year-over-year for the quarter ended March 31, 2015 in total cost of products and services sold are as follows: 
 
Quarter Ended March 31, 2015
Organic change
3
 %
Foreign currency translation
(5
)%
Acquisitions and divestitures, net
1
 %
Restructuring
(1
)%
Total % Change
(2
)%
The organic increase in total cost of products and services sold in the quarter ended March 31, 2015 was driven by the organic sales increase noted above. Foreign exchange fluctuations provided a benefit through lower cost of sales of approximately 5%.
Gross Margin
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
Gross margin
$
4,018

 
$
4,055

Percentage of net sales
27.6
%
 
27.5
%
The 10 basis point increase in gross margin as a percentage of sales for the quarter ended March 31, 2015 is primarily due to lower restructuring expense (40 basis points), partially offset by negative margin associated with Pratt & Whitney engine sales (40 basis points).
Research and Development 
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
Company-funded
$
602

 
$
624

Percentage of net sales
4.1
%
 
4.2
%
Customer-funded
$
539

 
$
523

Percentage of net sales
3.7
%
 
3.5
%
Research and development spending is subject to the variable nature of program development schedules, and, therefore, year-over-year fluctuations in spending levels are expected. The majority of the company-funded spending is incurred by the aerospace businesses. The year-over-year decrease in company-funded research and development (4%) for the quarter ended March 31, 2015 is primarily related to lower research and development within Pratt & Whitney related to the development of multiple geared turbo-fan platforms. Customer-funded research and development increased (3%) primarily due to higher customer-funded spending at Sikorsky (11%) due to increased spending on U.S. Government development programs, and at UTC Aerospace Systems (6%) on commercial aerospace programs, partially offset by lower spending at Pratt & Whitney (15%) due to lower spending on U.S. Government and commercial engine programs.
We expect company-funded research and development for the full year 2015 to decline slightly from 2014 levels.
Selling, General and Administrative 
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
Selling, general and administrative expenses
$
1,563

 
$
1,596

Percentage of net sales
10.7
%
 
10.8
%
Selling, general and administrative expenses declined 2% in the quarter ended March 31, 2015 due to the benefit of foreign exchange (5%), particularly within the commercial businesses and restructuring savings, partially offset by higher restructuring (2%) and pension (1%) expense.

25


Other Income, Net 
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
Other income, net
$
421

 
$
263

Other income, net includes equity earnings in unconsolidated entities, royalty income, foreign exchange gains and losses as well as other ongoing and non-recurring items. The year-over-year increase in other income, net (60%) in the quarter ended March 31, 2015 reflects the re-measurement to fair value of previously held equity interests in UTC Climate, Controls & Security joint venture investments (59%) by obtaining controlling interests in the ventures, and a gain on a UTC Climate, Controls & Security property sale (5%), partially offset by other normal recurring operational activity.
Interest Expense, Net
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
Interest expense
$
240

 
$
243

Interest income
(22
)
 
(18
)
Interest expense, net
$
218

 
$
225

Average interest expense rate
4.3
%
 
4.2
%
The increase in the average interest rate for the quarter ended March 31, 2015 relative to the prior year is a result of higher interest rates on short term borrowings, along with an increase in short term borrowings in the quarter ended March 31, 2015, relative to 2014.
Income Taxes
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Effective tax rate
27.1
%
 
30.3
%
The decrease in the effective tax rate for the quarter ended March 31, 2015, primarily reflects a non-taxable gain recognized on the re-measurement to fair value of a previously held equity interest in a UTC Climate, Controls & Security joint venture due to the purchase of a controlling interest in the venture.
We estimate our full year annual effective income tax rate in 2015 to be approximately 29%, absent nonrecurring adjustments.
Net Income Attributable to Common Shareowners 
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
2015
 
2014
Income attributable to common shareowners
$
1,426

 
$
1,213

Diluted earnings per share attributable to common shareowners
$
1.58

 
$
1.32

Net income attributable to common shareowners for the quarter ended March 31, 2015 includes restructuring charges, net of tax benefit, of $64 million as well as a benefit from non-recurring items of $126 million. The effect of non-recurring items on diluted earnings per share for the quarter ended March 31, 2015 was a net benefit of $0.14 per share, which was partially offset by $0.07 of restructuring charges. The impact of foreign currency translation and hedging generated an unfavorable effect of $0.07 per diluted share on our operational performance in the quarter ended March 31, 2015.
Restructuring Costs
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
Restructuring costs
$
93

 
$
125


26


Restructuring actions are an essential component of our operating margin improvement efforts and relate to both existing operations and those recently acquired. Charges generally arise from severance related to workforce reductions, accelerated depreciation on assets and facility exit and lease termination costs associated with the consolidation of field and manufacturing operations. We expect to incur restructuring costs in 2015 of approximately $300 million, including trailing costs related to prior actions associated with our continuing cost reduction efforts and the integration of acquisitions. The expected adverse impact on earnings in 2015 from anticipated additional restructuring costs is expected to be offset by the beneficial impact from gains and other items that are outside the normal operating activities of the business. Although no specific plans for significant actions have been finalized at this time, we continue to closely monitor the economic environment and may undertake further restructuring actions to keep our cost structure aligned with the demands of the prevailing market conditions.
As described below, the charges incurred in the quarter ended March 31, 2015 primarily relate to actions initiated during 2015 and 2014, while the charges incurred in the quarter ended March 31, 2014 primarily relate to actions initiated during 2014 and 2013.
2015 Actions. During the quarter ended March 31, 2015, we recorded net pre-tax restructuring charges of $64 million relating to ongoing cost reduction actions initiated in 2015.
We are targeting to complete in 2015 the majority of the remaining workforce and facility related cost reduction actions initiated in 2015. Approximately 95% of the total pre-tax charge will require cash payments, which we have funded and expect to continue to fund with cash generated from operations. During the quarter ended March 31, 2015, we had cash outflows of approximately $3 million related to the 2015 actions. We expect to incur additional restructuring charges of $7 million to complete these actions. We expect recurring pre-tax savings to increase over the two-year period subsequent to initiating the actions to approximately $75 million annually.
2014 Actions. During the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, we recorded net pre-tax restructuring charges of $23 million and $90 million, respectively, for actions initiated in 2014. The 2014 actions relate to ongoing cost reduction efforts, including severance related to workforce reductions and facility exit and lease termination costs related to the consolidation of field and manufacturing operations.
We are targeting to complete in 2015 the majority of the remaining workforce and all facility related cost reduction actions initiated in 2014. Approximately 75% of the total pre-tax charge will require cash payments, which we have and expect to continue to fund with cash generated from operations. During the quarter ended March 31, 2015, we had cash outflows of approximately $44 million related to the 2014 actions. We expect to incur additional restructuring charges of $87 million to complete these actions. We expect recurring pre-tax savings to increase over the two-year period subsequent to initiating the actions to approximately $215 million annually, of which, approximately $52 million was realized during the quarter ended March 31, 2015.
For additional discussion of restructuring, see Note 7 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Segment Review
Segments are generally based on the management structure of the businesses and the grouping of similar operating companies, where each management organization has general operating autonomy over diversified products and services. Adjustments to reconcile segment reporting to the consolidated results for the quarters ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 are included in "Eliminations and other" below, which also includes certain smaller subsidiaries. We attempt to quantify material cited factors within our discussion of the results of each segment whenever those factors are determinable. However, in some instances, the factors we cite within our segment discussion are based upon input measures or qualitative information that does not lend itself to quantification when discussed in the context of the financial results measured on an output basis and are not, therefore, quantified in the below discussions.
Commercial Businesses
Our commercial businesses generally serve customers in the worldwide commercial and residential property industries, and UTC Climate, Controls & Security also serves customers in the commercial and transport refrigeration industries. Sales in the commercial businesses are influenced by a number of external factors, including fluctuations in residential and commercial construction activity, regulatory changes, interest rates, labor costs, foreign currency exchange rates, customer attrition, raw material and energy costs, credit markets and other global and political factors. UTC Climate, Controls & Security's financial performance can also be influenced by production and utilization of transport equipment, and, in the case of its residential business, weather conditions. To ensure adequate supply of products in the distribution channel, UTC Climate, Controls & Security customarily offers its customers incentives to purchase products. The principal incentive program provides

27


reimbursements to distributors for offering promotional pricing on UTC Climate, Controls & Security products. We account for incentive payments made as a reduction to sales.
Within the UTC Climate, Controls & Security segment, orders increased within transport refrigeration (24%) on order strength within the North American truck and trailer business, while global commercial HVAC orders increased (4%) as order growth in the Americas (5%) was partially offset by declines in Asia (1%). Within the Otis segment, new equipment orders increased 8% (excluding the adverse impact of foreign exchange of 10%) in the quarter ended March 31, 2015 with growth in Europe (37%, excluding the adverse impact of foreign exchange of 31%) and North America (8%). New equipment orders in China declined (12%, excluding the adverse impact of foreign exchange of 2%) in the quarter ended March 31, 2015 after having increased (27%) in the quarter ended March 31, 2014.
Summary performance for each of the commercial businesses for the quarters ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 was as follows:
 
Otis
 
UTC Climate, Controls & Security
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
 
Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change
Net Sales
$
2,745

 
$
2,955

 
(7
)%
 
$
3,852

 
$
3,851

 

Cost of Sales
1,840

 
2,008

 
(8
)%
 
2,713

 
2,726

 

 
905

 
947

 
(4
)%
 
1,139

 
1,125

 
1
 %
Operating Expenses and Other
378

 
377

 

 
410

 
588

 
(30
)%
Operating Profits
$
527

 
$
570

 
(8
)%
 
$
729

 
$
537

 
36
 %
Operating Profit Margins
19.2
%
 
19.3
%
 
 
 
18.9
%
 
13.9
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Otis –
Quarter Ended March 31, 2015 Compared with Quarter Ended March 31, 2014
 
Factors contributing to total % Change
 
Organic /
Operational
 
FX
Translation
 
Acquisitions /
Divestitures, net
 
Restructuring
Costs
 
Other
Net Sales
2
%
 
(9
)%
 
 

 

Cost of Sales
2
%
 
(10
)%
 
 

 

Operating Profits
2
%
 
(11
)%
 
 
2
%
 
(1
)%
Organic sales increased (2%) due to higher new equipment sales primarily in North America (1%) and China (1%). Growth in service sales in Asia (1%) was offset by declines in service sales in Europe (1%).
Operational profit increased (2%) due to higher new equipment contribution (11%) primarily due to higher volume and productivity initiatives partially offset by pricing pressure, lower service contribution (4%) primarily due to volume declines and continued pricing pressure in Europe, higher selling, general and administrative expenses (2%) and year-over-year unfavorable transactional foreign exchange embedded within certain new equipment contracts (3%).
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
UTC Climate, Controls & Security –
Quarter Ended March 31, 2015 Compared with Quarter Ended March 31, 2014
 
Factors contributing to total % Change
 
Organic /
Operational
 
FX
Translation
 
Acquisitions /
Divestitures, net
 
Restructuring
Costs
 
Other
Net Sales
6
%
 
(7
)%
 
1
%
 

 

Cost of Sales
5
%
 
(6
)%
 
1
%
 
(1
)%
 
1
%
Operating Profits
7
%
 
(6
)%
 

 
4
 %
 
31
%

28


Organic sales increased by 6% primarily reflecting growth in Americas (3%) driven by the U.S. commercial HVAC and fire products businesses, and growth in refrigeration (3%) driven by Transicold.
The 7% operational profit increase was driven by favorable volume and pricing (combined 8%). The 31% increase in "Other" is driven by a gain as a result of a fair value adjustment related to the acquisition of a controlling interest in a joint venture investment (23%), a gain as a result of a fair value adjustment related to a separate acquisition of a controlling interest in another joint venture investment (3%), and a gain on a property sale (3%).
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aerospace Businesses
The aerospace businesses serve both commercial and government aerospace customers. Revenue passenger miles (RPMs), U.S. Government military and space spending, and the general economic health of airline carriers are all barometers for our aerospace businesses. Performance in the general aviation sector is closely tied to the overall health of the economy and is positively correlated to corporate profits.
We continue to see growth in our commercial OEM and aftermarket businesses based on a strong airline industry which is benefiting from traffic growth and lower fuel costs. Airline traffic, as measured by RPMs, grew over 5% in the first two months of 2015, while jet fuel costs have declined more than 40% relative to prices one year ago in all geographic regions.
Our commercial aftermarket businesses continue to evolve as an increasing proportion of our aerospace businesses' customers are covered under Fleet Management Programs (FMP). FMP are comprehensive long-term spare part and service agreements with our customers. We expect a continued shift to FMP in lieu of transactional spare part sales as new engines enter our customers' fleets on FMP, and legacy fleets are retired. Pratt & Whitney commercial aftermarket sales increased 3% in the first quarter of 2015, while UTC Aerospace Systems commercial aerospace aftermarket sales increased 1% over the same period.
We record changes in contract estimates using the cumulative catch-up method in accordance with the Revenue Recognition Topic of the FASB ASC. Operating profit included significant net favorable changes in aerospace contract estimates of $54 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2015, primarily representing favorable contract adjustments recorded at Pratt & Whitney.
Summary performance for each of the aerospace businesses for the quarters ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 was as follows:
 
Pratt & Whitney
 
UTC Aerospace Systems
 
Sikorsky
(Dollars in millions)
2015
 
2014
 
Change
 
2015
 
2014