0001477932-16-009210.txt : 20160328 0001477932-16-009210.hdr.sgml : 20160328 20160328164155 ACCESSION NUMBER: 0001477932-16-009210 CONFORMED SUBMISSION TYPE: 10-K PUBLIC DOCUMENT COUNT: 47 CONFORMED PERIOD OF REPORT: 20151231 FILED AS OF DATE: 20160328 DATE AS OF CHANGE: 20160328 FILER: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: RenovaCare, Inc. CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0001016708 STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION: OIL AND GAS FIELD EXPLORATION SERVICES [1382] IRS NUMBER: 980170247 STATE OF INCORPORATION: NV FISCAL YEAR END: 1231 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: 10-K SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 000-30156 FILM NUMBER: 161532649 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: 430 PARK AVE. STREET 2: SUITE 702 CITY: NEW YORK STATE: NY ZIP: 10022 BUSINESS PHONE: (800) 755-5815 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: 430 PARK AVE. STREET 2: SUITE 702 CITY: NEW YORK STATE: NY ZIP: 10022 FORMER COMPANY: FORMER CONFORMED NAME: Janus Resources, Inc. DATE OF NAME CHANGE: 20110110 FORMER COMPANY: FORMER CONFORMED NAME: ENTHEOS TECHNOLOGIES INC DATE OF NAME CHANGE: 20001002 FORMER COMPANY: FORMER CONFORMED NAME: WHATSONLINE COM INC DATE OF NAME CHANGE: 19990722 10-K 1 rcar_10k.htm FORM 10-K rcar_10k.htm

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

x

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015

 

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ___________ to _________

 

Commission file number 000-30156

 

RENOVACARE, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada

98-0384030

(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

430 Park Avenue

Suite 702

New York, NY 10022

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

800-755-5815

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

 

Common Stock, $0.00001 par value per share

(Title of Class)

 

OTC Markets Group Inc. QB tier ("OTCQB")

(Name of exchange on which registered)

 

Indicate by check mark if registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes o No x

 

Indicate by check mark if registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Date file required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulations S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of "large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Check one:

 

Large accelerated filer

o

Accelerated filer

o

Non-accelerated filer

o

Smaller reporting company

x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes o No x

 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of the last business day of the registrant's most recently completed second fiscal quarter, based upon the closing sale price of the registrant's common stock on June 29, 2015, as reported on the OTCQB was $33,305,880. Common stock held by each officer and director and by each person who owns 5% or more of the outstanding common stock have been excluded in that such persons may be deemed affiliates. This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes.

 

As of March 25, 2016, there were 69,955,847 shares of the registrant's common stock outstanding.

 

Documents incorporated by reference: None.

 

 

 

RENOVACARE, INC.

 

FORM 10-K

For The Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2015

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Page #

PART I

Item 1.

Business

4

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

7

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

7

Item 2.

Properties

7

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

7

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

7

 

PART II

Item 5.

Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

8

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

9

Item 7.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

9

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

13

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

14

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

15

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

15

Item 9B.

Other Information

15

PART III

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

16

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

22

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

24

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

25

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

26

PART IV

Item 15.

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

27

Signatures

28

 

 
2
 

 

PART I

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K (including the section regarding Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations) contains certain "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as well as information relating to RenovaCare, Inc. and its subsidiaries that is based on management's exercise of business judgment and assumptions made by and information currently available to management. Although forward-looking statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K reflect the good faith judgment of our management, such statements can only be based on facts and factors currently known by us. Consequently, forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties and actual results and outcomes may differ materially from the results and outcomes discussed in or anticipated by the forward-looking statements. When used in this document and other documents, releases and reports released by us, the words "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "the facts suggest" and words of similar import, are intended to identify any forward-looking statements. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. These statements reflect our current view of future events and are subject to certain risks and uncertainties as noted below. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements. Actual events, transactions and results may materially differ from the anticipated events, transactions or results described in such statements. Although we believe that our expectations are based on reasonable assumptions, we can give no assurance that our expectations will materialize. Many factors could cause actual results to differ materially from our forward looking statements and unknown, unidentified or unpredictable factors could materially and adversely impact our future results. We undertake no obligation and do not intend to update, revise or otherwise publicly release any revisions to our forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of any unanticipated events. Several of these factors include, without limitation:

 

 

·

our ability to meet requisite regulations or receive regulatory approvals in the United States, and our ability to retain any regulatory approvals that we may obtain; and the absence of adverse regulatory developments in the United States and abroad;

 

 

 

 

·

new entrance of competitive products or further penetration of existing products in our markets;

 

 

 

 

·

the effect on us from adverse publicity related to our products or the company itself; and

 

 

 

 

·

any adverse claims relating to our intellectual property.

 

The safe harbor provisions of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, apply to forward-looking statements made by the Company. The reader is cautioned that no statements contained in this Form 10-K should be construed as a guarantee or assurance of future performance or results. Actual events or results may differ materially from those discussed in forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including, without limitation, the risks described in this report and matters described in this report generally. In light of these risks and uncertainties, there can be no assurance that the forward-looking statements contained in this filing will in fact occur.

 

We file reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission. We make available on our website free of charge our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such materials with or furnish them to the SEC. Information appearing at our website is not a part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. You can also read and copy any materials we file with the SEC at its Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, DC 20549. You can obtain additional information about the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the Commission at 1-800-SEC-0330. In addition, the SEC maintains an Internet site (www.sec.gov) that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC.

 

 
3
 

  

Item 1. Business

 

Overview

 

RenovaCare, Inc. (formerly Janus Resources, Inc.) (together with its wholly owned subsidiary, "RenovaCare" the "Company" "we" "us" and "our") was incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada and has an authorized capital of 500,000,000 shares of $0.00001 par value common stock, of which 69,955,847 shares are outstanding as of March 25, 2016, and 10,000,000 shares of $0.0001 par value preferred stock, of which none are outstanding.

 

On January 7, 2014, we filed a Certificate of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation changing our name from "Janus Resources, Inc." to "RenovaCare, Inc." so as to more fully reflect our operations. The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority ("FINRA") declared the name change effective as of January 9, 2014. In conjunction with the name change, we changed our stock symbol on the OTCQB from "JANI" to "RCAR".

 

Our principal executive offices are located at 430 Park Avenue, Suite 702, New York, NY 10022. Our telephone number is (800) 755-5815.

 

As we are a smaller reporting company, we are not required to make certain disclosures otherwise required to be made in a Form 10-K.

 

Description of Business

 

We are a development-stage company focusing on the acquisition, research, development and, if warranted, commercialization of autologous (using a patient's own cells) cellular therapies that can be used for medical and aesthetic applications. On July 12, 2013, we, through our wholly owned subsidiary, RenovaCare Sciences Corp., completed the acquisition of our flagship technology, a treatment methodology for cell isolation for the regeneration of human skin cells, along with a medical-grade liquid spraying device and associated equipment (the "SkinGunTM"), which has been shown in early human clinical use in the United States to naturally regenerate and heal skin for burn victims, along with the associated United States and foreign patents and patent applications. The development of our SkinGunTM is in the early stage and we anticipate that we will be required to expend significant time and resources to further develop our technology and determine whether a commercially viable product can be developed. Research and development of new technologies involves a high degree of risk and there is no assurance that our development activities will result in a commercially viable product. The long-term profitability of our operations will be, in part, directly related to the cost and success of our development programs, which may be affected by a number of factors.

 

The average adult human has a skin surface area of between 16 - 21 square feet, which protects all other organs against the external environment. When a person's skin is assailed by trauma or exposed to extreme heat, the skin's various layers may be destroyed and depending on the severity of the injury, might cause life-threatening conditions. Currently, severe trauma to the skin, such as second or third degree burns, requires surgical mesh-grafting of skin, whereby healthy skin is removed from one area of the patient's body (a "donor site") and implanted on the damaged area. While mesh grafting is often the method of choice, there are significant deficiencies with this method. The surgical procedure to remove healthy skin from the donor site can be painful and leaves the patient with a new wound that must also be attended to. In many instances the aesthetic results are not satisfying, as the color of the skin from the donor site may not match the skin color of the damaged skin. Additionally, since the ratio between the size of the wound area and the size of the donor site is quite low, i.e. the size of the skin removed must be substantially equal in size to the size of the damaged skin, the mesh-grafting approach is in many cases limited. Donor and injury sites can take weeks to heal, requiring expensive hospital stays, ongoing wound dressing management, and ever-changing anti-infection strategies.

 

We are currently evaluating the efficacy and potential of our SkinGunTM, in combination with our unique cell isolation method, in the treatment of tissue that has been subject to severe trauma such as second and third degree burns. In small scale clinical case studies the SkinGunTM and cell isolation methodology has shown the ability to regenerate a more natural and thicker skin. The SkinGunTM utilizes the patient's own skin stem cells and is able to address much larger treatment areas and at the same time reduce the size of the donor site. Furthermore, we believe the SkinGunTM enables the effective treatment of other skin disorders with minimal scarring compared to skin grafting.

 

 
4
 

 

Governmental Regulations

 

Domestic Regulation

 

Governmental authorities in the United States, at the federal, state and local level, and in other countries extensively regulate, among other things, the research, development, testing, manufacture, labeling, packaging, promotion, storage, advertising, distribution, marketing and export and import of products or devices and cellular therapy systems such as those we are attempting to develop. Our device candidates, to the extent they are developed, will be subject to 510(k) clearance or pre-market approval by the FDA prior to their marketing for commercial use in the United States, and to any approvals required by foreign governmental entities prior to their marketing outside the United States. In addition, any changes or modifications to a device that has received regulatory clearance or approval that could significantly affect its safety or effectiveness, or would constitute a major change in its intended use, may require the submission of a new application for 510(k) clearance, pre-market approval or foreign regulatory approvals.

 

The 510(k) clearance and pre-market approval processes, as well as the process of obtaining foreign approvals, can be expensive, time consuming and uncertain. It generally takes from four to twelve months from submission to obtain 510(k) clearance, and from one to three years from submission to obtain pre-market approval; however, it may take longer, and 510(k) clearance or pre-market approval may never be obtained. Delays in receipt of, or failure to obtain, clearances or approvals for future products, including tests that are currently in design or development, would result in delayed, or no, realization of revenues from such products and in substantial additional costs which could decrease our profitability. We have not yet submitted any devices for 510(k) clearance and there are no guarantees that we will make such a submission or that if we do our submission will be approved.

 

HIPAA Requirements

 

Other federal legislation may affect our ability to obtain certain health information in conjunction with any research activities we conduct. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 ("HIPAA"), mandates, among other things, the adoption of standards designed to safeguard the privacy and security of individually identifiable health information. In relevant part, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ("HHS"), has released two rules to date mandating the use of new standards with respect to such health information. The first rule imposes new standards relating to the privacy of individually identifiable health information. These standards restrict the manner and circumstances under which covered entities may use and disclose protected health information so as to protect the privacy of that information. The second rule released by HHS establishes minimum standards for the security of electronic health information. While we do not believe we are directly regulated as a covered entity under HIPAA, the HIPAA standards impose requirements on covered entities conducting research activities regarding the use and disclosure of individually identifiable health information collected in the course of conducting the research.

 

Other U.S. Regulatory Requirements

 

In the United States, the research, manufacturing, distribution, sale, and promotion of drug and biological products are potentially subject to regulation by various federal, state and local authorities in addition to the Food and Drug Administration ("FDA"), including the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (formerly the Health Care Financing Administration), other divisions of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (e.g., the Office of Inspector General), the U.S. Department of Justice and individual U.S. Attorney offices within the Department of Justice, and state and local governments. For example, sales, marketing and scientific/educational grant programs must comply with the anti-fraud and abuse provisions of the Social Security Act, the False Claims Act, and similar state laws, each as amended. Pricing and rebate programs must comply with the Medicaid rebate requirements of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 and the Veterans Health Care Act of 1992, each as amended. If products are made available to authorized users of the Federal Supply Schedule of the General Services Administration, additional laws and requirements apply. All of these activities are also potentially subject to federal and state consumer protection, unfair competition, and other laws.

 

 
5
 

  

International Regulation

 

The regulation of any potential product candidates we may produce outside of the United States varies by country. Certain countries regulate human tissue products as a pharmaceutical product, which would require us to make extensive filings and obtain regulatory approvals before selling our product candidates. Certain other countries may classify our product candidates as human tissue for transplantation but may restrict its import or sale. Other countries have no application regulations regarding the import or sale of products similar to potential product candidates, creating uncertainty as to what standards we may be required to meet.

 

Competition

 

The pharmaceutical and wound care industries are characterized by intense competition, rapid product development and technological change. Our SkinGunTM competes with a variety of companies in the wound care markets, many of which offer substantially different treatments for similar problems. Currently Avita Medical Limited is evaluating the efficacy of ReCellÒ, a cell spray device and a cell isolation procedure for autologous cells. Integra Lifesciences Holding Corp. sells IntegraÒ Dermal Regeneration Template, which does not use autologous cells, but instead uses an animal-derived intercellular matrix with an artificial waterproof barrier. Other competitors include: MiMedx Group, Inc.; KCI. Fibrocell Science, Inc.; Shire Plc and Organogenesis, Inc.

 

Many of our competitors are large, well-established pharmaceutical, chemical, cosmetic or health care companies with considerably greater financial, marketing, sales and technical resources than those available to us. Additionally, many of our present and potential competitors have research and development capabilities that may allow them to develop new or improved products that may compete with our product lines. Our potential products could be rendered obsolete or made uneconomical by the development of new products to treat the conditions addressed by our products, technological advances affecting the cost of production, or marketing or pricing actions by one or more of our competitors.

 

Strategy

 

Our ultimate goal is to leverage the potential of our SkinGunTM, together with our cell isolation method, as cutting edge treatments in skin therapy. Before we can do so, however, there are a number of steps we must first take, including:

 

 

·

initiating a series of clinical trials to determine the SkinGunTM's efficacy for treating wounds and burns;

 

·

expanding the range of possible applications;

 

·

formalizing collaborations with universities and scientific partners;

 

·

creating a network of clinical and research partners; and

 

·

achieving FDA and other regulatory clearance/approval.

 

Additionally, we will likely be required to raise significant capital in order to fund our ongoing research and development operations, and there is no guarantee that we will be able to raise on acceptable terms, if at all.

 

Operations

 

We expect to be engaged in research and development activities for the foreseeable future.

 

Employees

 

We currently have one full time employee, Mr. Drew Danielson, Director of Operations, and five part-time contractors: Mr. Thomas Bold, President and Chief Executive Officer; Ms. Rhonda B. Rosen, Chief Financial Officer; Ms. Patsy Trisler, Vice-President Clinical & Regulatory Affairs; Ms. Patricia Jeanne Riley, Vice-President Commercial Strategy and Ms. Michaela Purcell.

 

 
6
 

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

Smaller reporting companies are not required to provide the information required by this item.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

 

None.

 

Item 2. Properties

 

We do not own any properties. Our corporate offices are located at 430 Park Avenue, Suite 702, New York, NY 10022 and they are provided to us free of charge by one of our directors. We also have a lease agreement for an office in Pittsburgh, PA where our full time employee is based, and in which city we intend to perform research and development activities.

 

Item 3. Legal proceedings

 

We are currently not a party to any material pending legal proceedings or government actions, including any bankruptcy, receivership, or similar proceedings. In addition, management is not aware of any known litigation or liabilities involving the operators of our properties that could affect our operations. Should any liabilities incur in the future, they will be accrued based on management's best estimate of the potential loss. As such, there is no adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flow at this time. Furthermore, we do not believe that there are any proceedings to which any of our directors, officers, or affiliates, any owner of record of the beneficially or more than five percent of our common stock, or any associate of any such director, officer, affiliate, or security holder is a party adverse or has a material interest adverse to us.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

 
7
 

 

PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Market Information

 

On January 7, 2014, we filed a Certificate of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation changing our name from "Janus Resources, Inc." to "RenovaCare, Inc." FINRA declared the name change effective as of January 9, 2014. In conjunction with the name change, we changed our stock symbol on the OTCQB from "JANI" to "RCAR".

 

The following table sets forth the high and low bid prices for our common stock for the calendar quarters indicated as reported by the OTCQB for the last two years. These prices represent quotations between dealers without adjustment for retail mark-up, markdown or commission and may not represent actual transactions.

 

1st

Quarter

2nd

Quarter

3rd

Quarter

4th

Quarter

2015 – High

$

1.50

$

1.45

$

2.26

$

2.18

2015 – Low

$

0.81

$

1.25

$

1.26

$

1.50

2014 – High

$

1.90

$

1.10

$

1.40

$

1.10

2014 – Low

$

0.85

$

0.90

$

0.80

$

0.60

 

The closing price of our common stock on March 24, 2016, was $2.01.

 

As of March 25, 2016, there were approximately 325 stockholders of record (this number does not include stockholders who hold their stock through brokers, banks and other nominees).

 

Transfer Agent

 

The transfer agent of our common stock is Worldwide Stock Transfer, LLC, having an office at One University Plaza, Suite 505, Hackensack, NJ, USA 07601; their phone number is (201) 820-2008.

 

Penny Stock

 

The Securities and Exchange Commission has adopted rules that regulate broker-dealer practices in connection with transactions in penny stocks. Our stock is currently a "penny stock." Penny stocks are generally equity securities with a price of less than $5.00, other than securities registered on certain national securities exchanges or quoted on the NASDAQ system, provided that current price and volume information with respect to transactions in such securities is provided by the exchange or system. The penny stock rules require a broker-dealer, prior to a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from those rules, deliver a standardized risk disclosure document prepared by the Commission, which: (a) contains a description of the nature and level of risk in the market for penny stocks in both public offerings and secondary trading; (b) contains a description of the broker's or dealer's duties to the customer and of the rights and remedies available to the customer with respect to a violation to such duties or other requirements of Securities' laws; (c) contains a brief, clear, narrative description of a dealer market, including bid and ask prices for penny stocks and significance of the spread between the bid and ask price; (d) contains a toll-free telephone number for inquiries on disciplinary actions; (e) defines significant terms in the disclosure document or in the conduct of trading in penny stocks; and (f) contains such other information and is in such form as the Commission shall require by rule or regulation. The broker-dealer also must provide to the customer, prior to effecting any transaction in a penny stock: (a) bid and offer quotations for the penny stock; (b) the compensation of the broker-dealer and its salesperson in the transaction; (c) the number of shares to which such bid and ask prices apply, or other comparable information relating to the depth and liquidity of the market for such stock; and (d) monthly account statements showing the market value of each penny stock held in the customer's account. In addition, the penny stock rules require that prior to a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from those rules, the broker-dealer must make a special written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser and receive the purchaser's written acknowledgment of the receipt of a risk disclosure statement, a written agreement to transactions involving penny stocks, and a signed and dated copy of a written suitably statement. These disclosure requirements may have the effect of reducing the trading activity in the secondary market for our stock if it becomes subject to these penny stock rules.

 

 
8
 

  

Rule 144

 

There were 69,955,847 shares of our common stock issued and outstanding at March 25, 2016, of which 46,115,913 shares are deemed "restricted securities," within the meaning of Rule 144. Absent registration under the Securities Act, the sale of such shares is subject to Rule 144, as promulgated under the Securities Act.

 

In general, under Rule 144, subject to the satisfaction of certain other conditions, a person deemed to be one of our affiliates, who has beneficially owned restricted shares of our common stock for at least one year is permitted to sell in a brokerage transaction, within any three-month period, a number of shares that does not exceed the greater of 1% of the total number of outstanding shares of the same class, or, if our common stock is quoted on a stock exchange, the average weekly trading volume during the four calendar weeks preceding the sale, if greater.

 

Rule 144 also permits a person who presently is not and who has not been an affiliate of ours for at least three months immediately preceding the sale and who has beneficially owned the shares of common stock for at least six months to sell such shares without restriction other than the requirement that there be current public information as set forth in Rule 144. To the extent that Rule 144 is otherwise available, this provision is currently applicable to all of the restricted shares. If a non-affiliate has held the shares for more than one year, such person may make unlimited sales pursuant to Rule 144 without restriction. The possibility that substantial amounts of our common stock may be sold under Rule 144 into the public market may adversely affect prevailing market prices for the common stock and could impair our ability to raise capital in the future through the sale of equity securities.

 

Dividend Policy

 

We have not paid any dividends on our common stock and our Board of Directors (the "Board") presently intends to continue a policy of retaining earnings, if any, for use in our operations. The declaration and payment of dividends in the future, of which there can be no assurance, will be determined by the Board in light of conditions then existing, including earnings, financial condition, capital requirements and other factors. The Nevada Revised Statutes prohibit us from declaring dividends where, if after giving effect to the distribution of the dividend:

 

 

·

we would not be able to pay our debts as they become due in the usual course of business; or

 

·

our total assets would be less than the sum of our total liabilities plus the amount that would be needed to satisfy the rights of stockholders who have preferential rights superior to those receiving the distribution.

 

Except as set forth above, there are no restrictions that currently materially limit our ability to pay dividends or which we reasonably believe are likely to limit materially the future payment of dividends on common stock.

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

 

Smaller reporting companies are not required to provide the information required by this item.

 

Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Discussion and Analysis

 

The following discussion and analysis is based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, and should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and related notes. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. In addition, the following discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, those discussed in "Forward Looking Statements," and elsewhere in this Form 10-K.

 

 
9
 

  

Results of Operations

 

Year Ended Year Ended December 31, 2015 (Fiscal 2015) versus December 31, 2014 (Fiscal 2014)

 

 

 

For the Years Ended

December 31,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

 

$ change

 

 

% change

 

Operating expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

$281,218

 

 

$975,667

 

 

 

(694,449)

 

 

(71.2)

General and administrative

 

 

1,037,289

 

 

 

1,155,729

 

 

 

(118,440)

 

 

(10.2)

Net loss

 

$(1,318,507)

 

$(2,131,396)

 

$(812,889)

 

 

(38.1)

 

Continuing Operations

 

Our expenses consist primarily of research and development expenses, professional fees and administrative costs. For the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, general and administrative expenses were $1,037,289 and $1,155,729, respectively. The decrease in general and administrative fees in 2015 of $118,440 was due primarily to a decrease of $355,333 in legal and consulting fees related to the acquisition of the wound care technology, offset in part by a $170,988 increase in public and investor relations costs and a $90,748 increase in compensation and related expenses. Research and development expenses related to our SkinGunTM were $281,218 in 2015 and $975,667 in 2014. The decrease of $694,449 related primarily to the $837,219 decrease in expenses related to the amendment of the APA, offset in part by a $143,709 increase in costs associated with the development of the SkinGunTM.

 

As a result of the foregoing, net loss from continuing operations for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 was $(1,318,507) and $(2,131,396), respectively.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

We have historically financed our activities primarily by the private placement of our equity securities. There is no assurance that equity funding will be accessible to us at the times and in the amounts required to fund our ongoing operations. There are many conditions beyond our control which have a direct bearing on the level of investor interest in the purchase of our securities. We do not have any agreements or understandings with any person as to additional financing.

 

At December 31, 2015, we had cash of $397,589 (2014 - $683,098) and working capital of $172,099 (2014 – $489,609). Total liabilities as of December 31, 2015 were $355,783 (2014 - $379,062).

 

Our consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America and applicable to a going concern which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, we recently incurred net operating losses and operating cash flow deficits, and our total accumulated deficit is $9.0 million as of December 31, 2015. We do not currently generate revenues and will continue to incur losses from operations and operating cash flow deficits in the future. Management believes that our cash and cash equivalent balances, and other external sources of capital will be sufficient to meet our cash requirements through June 30, 2016. Our future after June 2016 will depend in large part on our ability to successfully raise capital from external sources to fund operations.

 

The matters described above raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments to reflect the possible future effects on the recoverability and classification of assets or the amounts and classifications of liabilities that may result should we be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

 
10
 

  

Cash Flow

 

Operating activities: We used cash of $1,295,509 for operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2015 (2014 - $825,745). We have financed our operations through the sale of our equity securities in 2015, as outlined below.

 

Investing Activities: There were no investing activities during the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014.

 

Financing Activities: During the year ended December 31, 2015 we received $1,010,000 from the sale of common stock plus warrants. In the year ended December 31, 2014 there was no cash received or used from financing activities. The following is a description of the financing activities we conducted for the year ended December 31, 2015:

 

On June 5, 2015, we entered into subscription agreements with five investors for the purchase and sale of an aggregate of 1,010,000 units of equity securities (the "Units") at a price of $1.00 per Unit for total gross proceeds of $1,010,000. Each Unit consists of one share of common stock and one Series D Stock Purchase Warrant (the "Series D Warrants") allowing the holder to purchase one share of our common stock at a price of $1.10 per share for a period of five years; the Series D Warrants contain a provision allowing the holder to exercise the Series D Warrant on a cashless basis as further set forth therein.

 

Dividends

 

We have neither declared nor paid any dividends on its common stock. We intend to retain our earnings to finance growth and expand our operations and do not anticipate paying any dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments and Risks

 

Fair value estimates of financial instruments are made at a specific point in time, based on relevant information about financial markets and specific financial instruments. As these estimates are subjective in nature, involving uncertainties and matters of significant judgment, they cannot be determined with precision. Changes in assumptions can significantly affect estimated fair value.

 

The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, contact and contribution payable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate their fair value because of the short-term nature of these instruments.

 

Management is of the opinion that we are not exposed to significant interest or credit risks arising from these financial instruments.

 

Share Capital

 

At December 31, 2015, we had:

 

 

·

Authorized share capital of 10,000,000 (December 31, 2014 – 10,000,000) preferred shares with par value of $0.0001.

 

·

Authorized share capital of 500,000,000 (December 31, 2014 – 500,000,000) common shares with par value of $0.00001 each.

 

·

67,781,934 common shares issued and outstanding (December 31, 2014, – 66,575,122).

 

Market Risk Disclosures

 

We have not entered into derivative contracts either to hedge existing risks or for speculative purposes during the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, and the subsequent period to March 28, 2016.

 

 
11
 

  

Off-balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements or contractual obligations at December 31, 2015, and the subsequent period to March 28, 2016, that are likely to have or are reasonably likely to have a material current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that have not been disclosed in our consolidated financial statements.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

See "Note 2. Significant Accounting Policies" in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Form 10-K.

 

Related Party Transactions

 

Our proposed business raises potential conflicts of interests between certain of our officers and directors and us. Certain of our directors are employees or consultants to other companies in the healthcare industry and, to the extent that such other companies may participate in ventures in which we may participate, our directors may have a conflict of interest in negotiating and concluding terms regarding the extent of such participation. In the event that such a conflict of interest arises at a meeting of our directors, a director who has such a conflict will abstain from voting for or against the approval of such participation or such terms. Other than as indicated, we have no other procedures or mechanisms to deal with conflicts of interest. We are not aware of the existence of any conflict of interest as described herein.

 

Other than as disclosed below, during the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, and the subsequent period, none of our current directors, officers or principal shareholders, nor any family member of the foregoing, nor, to the best of our information and belief, any of our former directors, senior officers or principal shareholders, nor any family member of such former directors, officers or principal shareholders, has or had any material interest, direct or indirect, in any transaction, or in any proposed transaction which has materially affected or will materially affect us.

 

In connection with our anticipated Section 510(k) submission of our proprietary SkinGunTM to the FDA, we engaged StemCell Systems GmbH ("StemCell Systems") to provide us with prototypes and related documents. Pursuant to this engagement we incurred expenses of $194,336 in the year ended December 31, 2015. Dr. Gerlach, from whom we purchased the SkinGunTM technology, is a principal of StemCell Systems.

 

On September 25, 2014, we entered into a Charitable Grant Agreement with the University of Pittsburgh (the "University"), pursuant to which we committed to provide a charitable donation to the University in the aggregate amount of $75,000 (the "Grant"). We will pay the Grant in eight quarterly installments of $9,375, with the first payment made on or before October 2014 and the final payment to be made on or before July 31, 2016. Effective November 1, 2015, we entered into a Charitable Gift Agreement with the University, pursuant to which we committed to provide a charitable donation to the University in the aggregate amount of $83,000 (the "Gift"). The Gift was paid in full in December 2015. Dr. Gerlach, from whom we purchased the SkinGunTM technology, is a professor at the University.

 

On May 1, 2015, the Company entered into a new option agreement (the "Option Agreement") with Dr. Gerlach, pursuant to which the Company obtained a one-year exclusive option to evaluate a wound cap technology (the "Technology"), for the purpose of determining whether the Company would like to purchase or license the Technology. Pursuant to the terms of the Option Agreement, the Company will pay Dr. Gerlach a non-refundable fee of $24,000, payable in four quarterly installments of $6,000, with the first installment due on May 1, 2015. The $24,000 option payment was recognized as research and development expense during the year ended December 31, 2015. At December 31, 2015, $6,000 of the amount payable was recorded as current liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet.

 

 
12
 

  

On December 31, 2013, we completed the sale of 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of Fostung Resources to Duke for a promissory note in the amount of $80,000, which amount approximated the fair value of the leases and mining claims controlled by Fostung Resources, as concluded by an independent third-party geological consultant. Mr. Herdev S. Rayat, the majority shareholder of Duke is the brother of Mr. Harmel S. Rayat, our majority shareholder. During 2014 management determined that collection of any portion of the principal outstanding under the promissory note from Duke was no longer probable. As a result, we wrote off the balance of principal due under the note amounting to $83,200, including interest receivable of $3,200, during the year ended December 31, 2014.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2015, directors' fees of $12,000 (2014 - $12,000) were paid or due to our non-officer directors.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2015, legal fees of $106,743 (2014 - $156,175) were paid or are due to Sierchio & Partners, LLP, the managing partner of which is Mr. Sierchio, who was appointed to our Board effective August 26, 2010. Accounts payable due to Sierchio & Partners, LLP at December 31, 2015 was $8,333 (2014 - $4,255).

 

Plans for Next Twelve Months

 

During the next twelve months we intend to continue our research and development efforts on the SkinGunTM. As part of these efforts we intend to make a 510(k) submission with the FDA for a medical-grade liquid sprayer. Our cash position, relative to our cash requirements with respect to our research and development, raises substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments to reflect the possible future effects on the recoverability and classification of assets or the amounts and classifications of liabilities that may result should we be unable to continue as a going concern. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

See "Note 2. Significant Accounting Policies" in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Form 10-K.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Smaller reporting companies are not required to provide the information required by this item.

 

 
13
 

 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Our audited consolidated financial statements are stated in United States dollars (US$) and are prepared in accordance with United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.

 

The following audited consolidated financial statements are filed as part of this annual report:

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

 

F-1

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2015 and 2014

 

 

F-2

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014

 

 

F-3

 

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014

 

 

F-4

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014

 

 

F-5

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

F-6

 

 

 
14
 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Board of Directors

RenovaCare, Inc.

New York, New York

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of RenovaCare, Inc. and Subsidiaries ("the Company") as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders' equity, and cash flows for the years then ended. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company has determined that it is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of RenovaCare, Inc. and Subsidiaries as of December 31, 2015 and 2014 and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the year then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has incurred net operating losses and operating cash flow deficits that raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. Management's plans regarding these matters are also described in Note 1. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

/s/ PETERSON SULLIVAN LLP                                    

Seattle, Washington

March 28, 2016

 

 
F-1
 

 

RENOVACARE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

  

 

 

December 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$397,589

 

 

$683,098

 

Prepaid expenses

 

 

10,293

 

 

 

7,448

 

Total current assets

 

 

407,882

 

 

 

690,546

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intangible assets

 

 

152,854

 

 

 

162,854

 

Total assets

 

$560,736

 

 

$853,400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

$71,563

 

 

$6,182

 

Accrued expenses - related parties

 

 

30,095

 

 

 

7,255

 

Contract and contribution payable

 

 

134,125

 

 

 

187,500

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

235,783

 

 

 

200,937

 

Contract and contribution payable, less current portion

 

 

100,000

 

 

 

178,125

 

Total liabilities

 

 

335,783

 

 

 

379,062

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock: $0.0001 par value: Authorized: 10,000,000 shares, Issued and outstanding: nil

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Common stock: $0.00001 par value: Authorized: 500,000,000 shares, issued and outstanding: 67,781,934 and 66,575,122 shares, respectively

 

 

678

 

 

 

666

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

9,197,970

 

 

 

8,128,860

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(8,973,695)

 

 

(7,655,188)

Total stockholders' equity

 

 

224,953

 

 

 

474,338

 

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

 

$560,736

 

 

$853,400

 

 

(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements)

 

 
F-2
 

 

RENOVACARE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

 

 

For the Year Ended

December 31,

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Revenue

 

$-

 

 

$-

 

Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development expenses

 

 

281,218

 

 

 

975,667

 

General and administrative expenses

 

 

1,037,289

 

 

 

1,155,729

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

1,318,507

 

 

 

2,131,396

 

Net loss

 

 

(1,318,507)

 

 

(2,131,396)

Earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss per common share

 

$(0.02)

 

$(0.03)

Weighted average shares outstanding

 

 

67,233,254

 

 

 

66,575,122

 

 

(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements)

 

 
F-3
 

 

RENOVACARE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

For the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2015

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Additional
paid-in

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

capital

 

 

 deficit

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2013

 

 

66,575,122

 

 

$666

 

 

$7,220,612

 

 

$(5,523,792)

 

$1,697,486

 

Stock based compensation - Series A Warrant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

848,388

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

848,388

 

Stock based compensation – options

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

59,860

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

59,860

 

Net loss, December 31, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,131,396)

 

 

(2,131,396)

Balance, December 31, 2014

 

 

66,575,122

 

 

 

666

 

 

 

8,128,860

 

 

 

(7,655,188)

 

 

474,338

 

Issuance of common stock plus warrants

 

 

1,010,000

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

1,009,990

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,010,000

 

Stock based compensation – options

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

59,122

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

59,122

 

Exercise of warrants

 

 

196,812

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

(2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

Net loss, December 31, 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,318,507)

 

 

(1,318,507)

Balance, December 31, 2015

 

 

67,781,934

 

 

$678

 

 

$9,197,970

 

 

$(8,973,695)

 

$224,953

 

 

(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements)

 

 
F-4
 

 

RENOVACARE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

 

 

For the Year Ended
December 31,

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$(1,318,507)

 

$(2,131,396)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impairment loss

 

 

10,000

 

 

 

-

 

Stock based compensation expense

 

 

59,122

 

 

 

59,860

 

Stock based consulting expense

 

 

-

 

 

 

848,388

 

Bad debt expense

 

 

-

 

 

 

80,000

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Decrease (increase) in prepaid expenses

 

 

(2,845)

 

 

(6,218)

(Decrease) increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

65,381

 

 

 

(5,040)

(Decrease) increase in accounts payable – related parties

 

 

22,840

 

 

 

(36,964)

(Decrease) increase in contract and contribution payable

 

 

(131,500)

 

 

365,625

 

Net cash flows from operating activities

 

 

(1,295,509)

 

 

(825,745)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sale of common stock and warrants

 

 

1,010,000

 

 

 

-

 

Net cash flows from financing activities

 

 

1,010,000

 

 

 

-

 

Change in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(285,509)

 

 

(825,745)

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

 

683,098

 

 

 

1,508,843

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

 

$397,589

 

 

$683,098

 

 

(The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements)

 

 
F-5
 

 

RENOVACARE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

1. Organization, Nature and Continuance of Operations

 

RenovaCare, Inc., together with its wholly owned subsidiary (the "Company"), focuses on the acquisition, research, development and, if warranted, commercialization of autologous (using a patient's own cells) cellular therapies that can be used for medical and aesthetic applications. The Company was previously involved in the exploration and development of both mineral exploration properties and oil and gas properties. The Company sold its oil and gas properties on February 18 and 19, 2013 and sold its subsidiary which controlled various mineral leases and mining claims on December 31, 2013.

 

On July 12, 2013, the Company, together with its wholly owned subsidiary, RenovaCare Sciences Corp. ("RenovaCare Sciences"), a Nevada corporation formerly known as Janus Acquisition Corp., entered into an asset purchase agreement with Dr. Jörg Gerlach, MD, PhD, pursuant to which RenovaCare Sciences purchased all of Dr. Gerlach's rights, title and interest to a treatment methodology for cell isolation for the regeneration of human skin cells, along with a medical-grade liquid spraying device and associated equipment (the "SkinGunTM"), along with the associated US and foreign patents and patent applications. The development of the SkinGunTM is in the early stages and the Company anticipates that significant time and financial resources will be required to further develop the technology and determine whether a commercially viable product can be developed.

 

On December 31, 2013, the Company entered into a stock purchase agreement with Duke Mountain Resources, Inc. ("Duke"), a Nevada corporation, pursuant to which the Company sold to Duke 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of Fostung Resources Ltd. ("Fostung Resources"), a corporation organized under the laws of Ontario, Canada and a wholly owned subsidiary of ours, for a promissory note in the amount of $80,000, which amount approximated the fair value of the leases and mining claims controlled by Fostung Resources, as concluded by an independent third-party geological consultant. During 2014 management determined that collection of any portion of the principal outstanding under the promissory note from Duke was no longer probable. As a result, the Company wrote off the balance of principal due under the note amounting to $83,200, including interest receivable of $3,200, during the year ended December 31, 2014.

 

The Company has recently incurred net operating losses and operating cash flow deficits. The Company's total accumulated deficit is $9.0 million as of December 31, 2015. The Company does not currently generate revenues and will continue to incur losses from operations and operating cash flow deficits in the future. Management believes that the Company's cash and cash equivalent balances, and other external sources of capital will be sufficient to meet our cash requirements through June 30, 2016. The future of the Company after June 2016 will depend in large part on its ability to successfully raise capital from external sources to fund operations.

 

The matters described above raise substantial doubt about the Company's ability to continue as a going concern.The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments to reflect the possible future effects on the recoverability and classification of assets or the amounts and classifications of liabilities that may result should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

2. Significant Accounting Policies

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

These consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with US GAAP and include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiary, RenovaCare Sciences. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated. RenovaCare Sciences was incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada on June 12, 2013.

 

 
F-6
 

 

Applicable Accounting Guidance

 

Any reference in these notes to applicable accounting guidance is meant to refer to the authoritative non-governmental US GAAP as found in the Financial Accounting Standards Board's Accounting Standards Codification.

 

Accounting Estimates

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results, as determined by future events, may differ from these estimates.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all highly liquid instruments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents may at times exceed federally insured limits.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The carrying amounts for cash and cash equivalents, contract and contribution payable and accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate fair value based on observable quoted prices for active markets – Level 1 inputs.

 

Research and Development Costs

 

The Company intends to outsource its research and development efforts and expense related costs as incurred, including the cost of manufacturing product for testing, licensing fees and costs associated with planning and conducting clinical trials. The value ascribed to patents and other intellectual property acquired will be capitalized as it relates to particular research and development projects that may have alternative future uses.

 

Intangible Assets

 

The intangible asset consists primarily of the SkinGunTM technology that the Company acquired during 2013 and is recorded at cost. At the time of acquisition the technology had not reached technological feasibility. The amount capitalized is accounted for as an indefinite-lived intangible asset, subject to impairment testing until completion or abandonment. Upon successful completion, a determination will be made as to the then useful life of the intangible asset, generally determined by the period in which substantially all of the cash flows are expected to be generated, and begin amortization. The Company tests the intangible asset for impairment at least annually or more frequently if impairment indicators exist after performing a qualitative analysis. Management has multiple criteria that it considers when performing the qualitative analysis. The results of this review are then weighed and prioritized. If the totality of the relevant events and circumstances indicate that the intangible asset is not impaired, additional impairment tests are not necessary.

 

The Company assessed the following qualitative factors that could affect any change in the fair value of the intangible asset: analysis of the technology's current phase, additional testing necessary to bring the technology to market, development of competing products, changes in projections caused by delays, changes in regulations, changes in the market for the technology and changes in cost projections to bring the technology to market. Based on a qualitative assessment, management concluded that a positive assertion can be made from the qualitative assessment that it is more likely than not that the intangible asset related to the SkinGunTM technology is not impaired. The Company did, however, determine that an intangible asset related to wound care technology, acquired during 2013, was impaired during the year ended December 31, 2015 and recorded an impairment loss (a component of research and development expenses) amounting to $10,000 which was equal to the amount capitalized.

 

 
F-7
 

 

Stock Options

 

The Company measures all stock-based compensation awards using a fair value method on the date of grant and recognizes such expense in its consolidated financial statements over the requisite service period. The Company uses the Black-Scholes pricing model to determine the fair value of stock-based compensation awards on the date of grant. The Black-Scholes pricing model requires management to make assumptions regarding option lives, expected volatility, and risk free interest rates.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company recognizes income taxes on an accrual basis based on tax positions taken, or expected to be taken, in tax returns. A tax position is defined as a position in a previously filed tax return or a position expected to be taken in future tax filing that is reflected in measuring current or deferred income tax assets and liabilities. Tax positions are recognized only when it is more likely than not (i.e., likelihood of greater than 50%), based on technical merits, that the position would be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities. Tax positions that meet the more likely than not threshold are measured using a probability-weighted approach as the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized upon settlement. Income taxes are accounted for using an asset and liability approach that requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in our financial statements or tax returns. A valuation allowance is established to reduce deferred tax assets if all, or some portion, of such assets will more than likely not be realized. No provision for income taxes was recorded during the periods presented because the Company had a net taxable loss. Should they occur, our policy is to classify interest and penalties related to tax positions as interest expense. Since our inception, no such interest or penalties have been incurred.

 

Earnings (Loss) Per Share

 

The Company presents both basic and diluted earnings per share ("EPS") amounts. Basic EPS is calculated by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period presented. Diluted EPS amounts are based upon the weighted average number of common and common equivalent shares outstanding during the period presented. Potentially dilutive shares of common stock consisted of warrants to purchase shares of common stock (9,013,188 shares for 2015 and 8,200,000 for 2014) and options to purchase shares of common stock (257,500 shares for 2015 and 185,000 shares for 2014). During the periods presented, potentially dilutive shares of common stock were not included in the computation of dilutive loss per share as to do so would be anti-dilutive.

 

Related Party Transactions

 

A related party is generally defined as (i) any person who holds 10% or more of the Company's securities and their immediate families; (ii) the Company's management; (iii) someone who directly or indirectly controls, is controlled by or is under common control with the Company; or (iv) anyone who can significantly influence the financial and operating decisions of the Company. A transaction is considered to be a related party transaction when there is a transfer of resources or obligations between related parties. See "Note 6. Related Party Transactions," for further discussion.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements

 

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 605, Revenue Recognition. The new revenue recognition standard requires entities to recognize revenue in a way that depicts the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and is to be applied retrospectively. The Company does not currently have any revenue. As such, ASU 2014-09 will not have any effect on the Company's results of operations and financial position. If the Company begins generating revenue prior to the effective date of ASU 2014-09, it will evaluate the effect that ASU 2014-09 will have on its results of operations and financial position.

 

 
F-8
 

 

In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements – Going Concern (Topic 915): Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity's Ability to Continue as a Going Concern, which states that in connection with preparing financial statements for each annual and interim reporting period, an entity's management should evaluate whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the entity's ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (or within one year after the date that the financial statements are available to be issued when applicable). The update becomes effective for the Company during the first quarter of 2016 and is not expected to have a material effect on the Company's financial statements.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, which supersedes ASC Topic 840, Leases, and creates a new topic, ASC Topic 842, Leases. ASU 2016-02 requires lessees to recognize a lease liability and a lease asset for all leases, including operating leases, with a term greater than 12 months on its balance sheet. ASU 2016-02 also expands the required quantitative and qualitative disclosures surrounding leases. ASU 2016-02 is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. The Company has determined that the adoption of ASU 2016-02 will currently have no impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

3. Assets – Intellectual Property

 

On July 12, 2013, the Company, together with its wholly owned subsidiary, RenovaCare Sciences, entered into an asset purchase agreement with Dr. Jörg Gerlach, MD, PhD, pursuant to which RenovaCare Sciences purchased all of Dr. Gerlach's rights, title and interest in the SkinGunTM. The Company plans to further the development of the SkinGunTM and, if commercially viable, bring the product to market. Acquisition related costs amounted to $52,852 and were capitalized together with the cash payment upon the closing of the transaction in July 2013 of $100,002. Additional costs capitalized during 2013, and which related to an option to evaluate a wound cap technology, amounted to $10,000. The Company allowed this option to expire, and during the year ended December 31, 2015 recorded an impairment loss amounting to $10,000, which was equal to the amount capitalized. Intangible assets amounted to $152,854 and $162,854 at December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.

 

The asset purchase agreement was amended on June 9, 2014 (the "Amended APA"). Pursuant to the terms of the Amended APA, an additional $300,000 will be paid in four installments: (a) $100,000 on December 31, 2014; (b) $50,000 on December 31, 2015; (c) $50,000 on December 31, 2016; and (d) $100,000 on December 31, 2017. The expense associated with the consideration was recorded during 2014. The Company paid the first installment of $100,000 in January 2015. At December 31, 2015, $100,000 of the amount payable to Dr. Gerlach was recorded as current liabilities and $100,000 was recorded as long-term liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet.

 

As consideration for the SkinGunTM and services performed in connection therewith, the Company issued to Dr. Gerlach a Series A Stock Purchase Warrant (the "Series A Warrant") entitling him to purchase 1,200,000 shares (each a "Warrant Share") of the Company's common stock at an exercise price of $0.35 per share. Originally, vesting of the warrant was contingent on the achievement of certain milestones and on Dr. Gerlach's continuing to provide consulting services. As of September 9, 2014, the effective date of the Amended APA, vesting will no longer be contingent on the achievement of certain milestones and on Dr. Gerlach's continuing to provide consulting services to the Company, but instead on passage of time. Pursuant to the terms of the Amended APA, the Series A Warrant will vest in five equal installments of 240,000 shares on each of July 12, 2014, July 12, 2015, July 12, 2016, July 12, 2017 and July 12, 2018.

 

Prior to September 9, 2014, the value of the Series A Warrant was recognized as consulting expenses over the vesting term. Effective September 9, 2014, the Company measured and expensed the value of the Series A Warrant in full and recorded this value as research and development costs. The fair value of each Warrant Share as of September 9, 2014, using the Black-Scholes option pricing model, was $0.91. The warrants were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model based on the following assumptions: risk free interest rate of 1.72%, contractual life of 4.75 years, expected volatility of 93.8% and a dividend yield of 0%.

 

Consulting expense associated with the Series A Warrant amounted to $0 during the year ended December 31, 2015 (2014: $311,173). Research and development expense associated with the Series A Warrant amounted to $0 during the year ended December 31, 2015 (2014: $537,217).

 

 
F-9
 

 

On May 1, 2015, the Company entered into a new option agreement (the "Option Agreement") with Dr. Gerlach, pursuant to which the Company obtained a one-year exclusive option to evaluate a wound cap technology (the "Technology"), for the purpose of determining whether the Company would like to purchase or license the Technology. Pursuant to the terms of the Option Agreement, the Company will pay Dr. Gerlach a non-refundable fee of $24,000, payable in four quarterly installments of $6,000, with the first installment due on May 1, 2015. The $24,000 option payment was recognized as research and development expense during the period ended December 31, 2015. At December 31, 2015, $6,000 of the amount payable was recorded as current liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet.

 

4. Stockholders' Equity

 

On August 5, 2015, Dr. Gerlach exercised 240,000 Series A Warrants, on a cashless basis, and the Company issued 196,812 shares of common stock.

 

On June 5, 2015, the Company entered into subscription agreements with five investors for the purchase and sale of an aggregate of 1,010,000 units of equity securities (the "Units") at a price of $1.00 per Unit for total gross proceeds of $1,010,000. Each Unit consists of one share of common stock and one Series D Stock Purchase Warrant (the "Series D Warrant") allowing the holder to purchase one share of the Company's common stock at a price of $1.10 per share for a period of five years; the Series D Warrants contain a provision allowing the holder to exercise the Series D Warrant on a cashless basis as further set forth therein.

 

The relative fair value of the common stock was estimated to be approximately $590,000 and the relative fair value of the warrants was estimated to be $420,000 as determined based on the relative fair value allocation of the proceeds received. The warrants were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model based on the following assumptions: risk free interest rate of 1.75%, contractual life of five years, expected volatility of 88.0% and a dividend yield of 0%.

 

Approval of the 2013 Long-Term Incentive Plan

 

On June 20, 2013, the Board of Directors (the "Board") adopted, subject to receiving shareholder approval, the 2013 Long-Term Incentive Plan (the "Incentive Plan"). The Incentive Plan provides for the issuance of stock options of up to 20,000,000 shares (subject to adjustment) of the Company's common stock to officers, directors, key employees and consultants of the Company. Options granted to employees under the Incentive Plan, including directors and officers who are employees, may be incentive stock options or non-qualified stock options; options granted to others under the Incentive Plan are limited to non-qualified stock options.

 

The Incentive Plan is administered by the Board or a committee designated by the Board. Subject to the provisions of the Incentive Plan, the Board has the authority to determine the officers, employees and consultants to whom options will be granted, the number of shares covered by each option, vesting rights and the terms and conditions of each option that is granted to them; however, no person may be granted in any of the Company's fiscal year, options to purchase more than 2,000,000 shares under the Incentive Plan, and the aggregate fair market value (determined at the time the option is granted) of the shares with respect to which incentive stock options are exercisable for the first time by an optionee during any calendar year cannot exceed $100,000. Options granted pursuant to the Incentive Plan are exercisable no later than ten years after the date of grant.

 

The exercise price per share of common stock for options granted under the Incentive Plan will be the fair market value of the Company's common stock on the date of grant, using the closing price of the Company's common stock on the last trading day prior to the date of grant, except for incentive stock options granted to a holder of ten percent or more of the Company's common stock, for whom the exercise price per share will not be less than 110% of the fair market value. No option can be granted under the Incentive Plan after June 20, 2023.

 

As of December 31, 2015, there were 19,742,500 shares available for grant.

 

 
F-10
 

 

Stock Option Activity

 

The following table summarizes stock option activity for the year ended December 31, 2015.

 

 

 

Options
Outstanding

 

 

Weighted
Average
Exercise Price

 

 

Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (Years)

 

 

Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value

 

Balance January 1, 2015

 

 

185,000

 

 

$0.83

 

 

 

9.12

 

 

 

-

 

Options granted

 

 

80,000

 

 

$1.54

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Options cancelled

 

 

(7,500)

 

 

1.43

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Balance December 31, 2015

 

 

257,500

 

 

$1.04

 

 

 

8.58

 

 

$146,825

 

Exercisable at December 31, 2015

 

 

160,000

 

 

$0.82

 

 

 

8.22

 

 

$124,825

 

 

The fair value of each stock option is estimated at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The estimated weighted average fair value of stock options granted during 2015 and 2014 was approximately $0.72 to $1.14 per share. Assumptions regarding volatility, expected term, dividend yield and risk-free interest rate are required for the Black-Scholes model. The volatility assumption is based on the Company's historical experience. The risk-free interest rate is based on a U.S. treasury note with a maturity similar to the option award's expected life. The expected life represents the average period of time that options granted are expected to be outstanding. The assumptions for volatility, expected life, dividend yield and risk-free interest rate are presented in the table below:

 

 

2015

2014

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

1.58 – 1.72%

1.58 – 1.62%

 

Expected life in years

 

5.50

5.50

 

Weighted Avg Expected Volatility

 

75.1% - 98.1%

94.4% – 105.3%

 

Expected dividend yield

 

0%

0%

 

 

During the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, stock-based compensation expense of $59,122 and $59,860, respectively, was recognized as general and administrative expenses. As of December 31, 2015, the Company had $69,032 of total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock options, which is expected to be recognized by November 1, 2020.

 

The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding and exercisable under our stock incentive plan at December 31, 2015:

 

 

 

Number Outstanding

 

 

Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life (Years)

 

 

Weighted Average Exercise Price

 

 

Number Exercisable

 

 

Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life (Years)

 

 

Weighted Average Exercise Price

 

$0.50 to $1.00

 

 

130,000

 

 

 

8.07

 

 

$0.74

 

 

 

130,000

 

 

 

8.07

 

 

$0.74

 

$1.01 to $1.50

 

 

127,500

 

 

 

9.10

 

 

 

1.35

 

 

 

30,000

 

 

 

8.85

 

 

 

1.17

 

 

 

 

257,500

 

 

 

8.58

 

 

 

1.04

 

 

 

160,000

 

 

 

8.22

 

 

 

0.82

 

 

The Company issues new shares when options are exercised.

 

 
F-11
 

 

Warrants

 

The following table summarizes information about warrants outstanding at December 31, 2015:

 

 

 

Shares of
Common Stock

 

 

Exercise Price

 

 

Expiration Date

Series A

 

1,003,188

 

 

$0.35

 

 

July 12, 2019

Series B

 

3,500,000

 

 

$0.46

 

 

November 29, 2018

Series C

 

3,500,000

 

 

$0.49

 

 

November 29, 2018

Series D

 

1,010,000

 

 

$1.10

 

 

June 5, 2020

Outstanding as of December 31, 2015

 

9,013,188

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5. Commitments

 

Effective March 1, 2015, the Company entered into a lease agreement (the "Lease") in the Pittsburgh Life Sciences Greenhouse at a monthly rate of $750. The Company has the option to terminate the Lease on the twelve month anniversary of the commencement date, upon one hundred and twenty days' prior written notice. The Lease was renewed effective March 1, 2016 at a monthly rate of $800. Payments due under the lease in 2016 and 2017 are $9,500 and $1,600, respectively. Rent expense for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 was $9,000 and $3,250, respectively.

 

On August 1, 2013, the Company engaged Vector to assist the Company with identifying subject matter experts in the medical device and biotechnology industries and to assist the Company with its ongoing research, development and eventual commercialization of its Regeneration Technology (collectively, the "Services"). In consideration of the Services, the Company will pay Vector a monthly consulting fee of $5,000.

 

In connection with the Company's anticipated Section 510(k) submission of its proprietary spray deposition device to the Food and Drug Administration, the Company has engaged StemCell Systems GmbH ("StemCell Systems") to provide it with prototypes and related documents. Pursuant to this engagement the Company incurred expenses of $194,336 in the twelve months ended December 31, 2015. Dr. Gerlach, from whom the Company purchased the SkinGunTM technology, is a principal of StemCell Systems.

 

On September 25, 2014, the Company entered into a Charitable Grant Agreement with the University of Pittsburgh (the "University"), pursuant to which the Company committed to provide a charitable donation to the University in the aggregate amount of $75,000 (the "Grant"). The Company will pay the Grant in eight quarterly installments of $9,375, with the first payment made on or before October 2014 and the final payment to be made on or before July 31, 2016. Dr. Gerlach, from whom the Company purchased the SkinGunTM technology, is a professor at the University. At December 31, 2015, $28,125 of the amount payable to the University was recorded as current liabilities and $0 was recorded as long-term liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet.

 

Below is a summary of contract and contribution payable at December 31, 2015:

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Contribution payable to the University of Pittsburgh, in quarterly installments of $9,375, through July 2016

 

$28,125

 

 

$65,625

 

Contract payable to Dr. Jorg Gerlach in connection with the APA. $50,000 is currently due. $50,000 is due on December 31, 2016 and $100,000 is due on December 31, 2017

 

 

200,000

 

 

 

300,000

 

Contract for option agreement purchase

 

 

6,000

 

 

 

 

 

Other

 

 

234,125

 

 

 

365,625

 

Less: current portion

 

 

(134,125)

 

 

(187,500)

Long-term portion

 

$100,000

 

 

$178,125

 

 

See also "Note 6. Related Party Transactions."

 

 
F-12
 

 

6. Related Party Transactions

 

As compensation for their service on the Board, Dr. Kirkland and Mr. Sierchio will receive an annual retainer of $6,000, payable in equal yearly installments in arrears and prorated for any partial years of service. Additionally, on August 14, 2014, the Company granted to each of Dr. Kirkland and Mr. Sierchio an incentive stock option to purchase up to 20,000 shares of the Company's common stock at an exercise price of $0.80 per share, the closing price of the Company's common stock as quoted on the OTC Markets Group Inc. QB tier (the "OTCQB") on the day prior to the grant. Subject to their continued service as a member of the Board, 10,000 of the shares vested immediately and 10,000 of the shares vested on the first anniversary of date of grant and may be exercised on a "cashless basis" using the formula contained therein.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2015 directors' fees incurred were $12,000 (2014: $12,000). Legal fees incurred with respect to one of the Company's directors in the year ended December 31, 2015 were $106,743 (2014: $156,175). Amounts included in accounts payable and accrued expenses, and due to related parties, at December 31, 2015 were $30,095 (2014: $7,255).

 

In connection with the Company's anticipated Section 510(k) submission of its proprietary SkinGunTM to the FDA it engaged StemCell Systems to provide it with prototypes and related documents. Pursuant to this engagement the Company incurred expenses of $194,336 in the year ended December 31, 2015. Dr. Gerlach, from whom the Company purchased the SkinGunTM technology, is a principal of StemCell Systems.

 

On September 25, 2014, the Company entered into a Charitable Grant Agreement with the University, pursuant to which it committed to provide a charitable donation to the University in the aggregate amount of $75,000. The Company will pay the Grant in eight quarterly installments of $9,375, with the first payment made on or before October 2014 and the final payment to be made on or before July 31, 2016. Effective November 1, 2015, the Company entered into a Charitable Gift Agreement with the University, pursuant to which it committed to provide a charitable donation to the University in the aggregate amount of $83,000. The Gift was paid in full in December 2015. Dr. Gerlach, from whom the Company purchased the SkinGunTM technology, is a professor at the University.

 

On May 1, 2015, the Company entered into the Option Agreement with Dr. Gerlach, pursuant to which the Company obtained a one-year exclusive option to evaluate the Technology, for the purpose of determining whether the Company would like to purchase or license the Technology. Pursuant to the terms of the Option Agreement, the Company will pay Dr. Gerlach a non-refundable fee of $24,000, payable in four quarterly installments of $6,000, with the first installment due on May 1, 2015. The $24,000 option payment was recognized as research and development expense during the period ended December 31, 2015. At December 31, 2015, $6,000 of the amount payable was recorded as current liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet.

 

On December 31, 2013, the Company completed the sale of 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of Fostung Resources to Duke for a promissory note in the amount of $80,000, which amount approximated the fair value of the leases and mining claims controlled by Fostung Resources, as concluded by an independent third-party geological consultant. Mr. Herdev S. Rayat, the majority shareholder of Duke is the brother of Mr. Harmel S. Rayat, the Company's majority shareholder. During 2014 management determined that collection of any portion of the principal outstanding under the promissory note from Duke was no longer probable. As a result, the Company wrote off the balance of principal due under the note amounting to $83,200, including interest receivable of $3,200, during the year ended December 31, 2014.

 

7. Income Taxes

 

There is no current or deferred tax expense for 2015 and 2014, due to the Company's loss position. Realization of the future tax benefits related to the deferred tax assets is dependent on many factors, including the Company's ability to generate taxable income within the net operating loss carryforward period. Management has considered these factors in reaching its conclusion as to the valuation allowance for financial reporting purposes and has recorded a full valuation allowance against the deferred tax asset. The income tax effect, utilizing a 34% income tax rate, of temporary differences comprising the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities is a result of the following at December 31:

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Deferred tax assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net operating loss and contribution carryforwards

 

$2,646,000

 

 

$2,285,000

 

Other

 

 

130,000

 

 

 

337,000

 

 

 

 

2,776,000

 

 

 

2,622,000

 

Valuation allowance

 

 

(2,776,000)

 

 

(2,622,000)

Net deferred tax assets

 

$-

 

 

$-

 

 

 
F-13
 

 

The 2015 increase in the valuation allowance was $154,000 (2014: $509,000).

 

The Company has available net operating loss and contribution carryforwards of approximately $7,780,000 for tax purposes to offset future taxable income which expires commencing 2015 through to the year 2035. Pursuant to the Tax Reform Act of 1986, annual utilization of the Company's net operating loss and contribution carryforwards may be limited if a cumulative change in ownership of more than 50% is deemed to occur within any three-year period. The tax years 2012 through 2015 remain open to examination by federal agencies and other jurisdictions in which it operates.

 

A reconciliation between the statutory federal income tax rate (34%) and the effective rate of income tax expense for the years ended December 31 follows:

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Statutory federal income tax rate

 

34%

 

34%

Permanent differences and other

 

(22

%)

 

 

 

Valuation allowance

 

(12

%)

 

(34

%)

 

 

0%

 

0%

 

8. Subsequent Events

 

On February 2, 2016, Kalen Capital Corporation exercised a portion of its Series B Warrant for 2,173,913 shares of the Company's common stock at an exercise price of $0.46 per share and rendered $1,000,000 as payment.

 

On March 16, 2016, the Company granted Mr. Thomas Bold, the Company's President & CEO, a stock option to purchase up to 60,000 shares of the Company's common stock, all of which vested on the date of the grant.

 

On March 16, 2016, the Company granted Ms. Rhonda Rosen, the Company's Chief Financial Officer, a stock option to purchase up to 20,000 shares of the Company's common stock, all of which vested on the date of the grant.

 

On March 16, 2016, the Company granted Dr. Kenneth Kirkland, a director of the Company, a stock option to purchase up to 50,000 shares of the Company's common stock, all of which vested on the date of the grant.

 

On March 16, 2016, the Company granted Mr. Joseph Sierchio, a director of the Company, a stock option to purchase up to 50,000 shares of the Company's common stock, all of which vested on the date of the grant.

 

The exercise price of each of the aforementioned options was $1.91 per share, the closing price of the Company's common stock as listed on the OTCQB on March 15, 2016. The options may be exercised through March 15, 2026 on a cashless basis using the formula contained in the stock option agreement entered into between the above listed individual and the Company.

 

 
F-14
 

 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosures

 

None.

 

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as of the end of the period covered by this annual report. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded as of December 31, 2015, that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective such that the information required to be disclosed in our United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") reports is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Based on the evaluation, management, after evaluating the effectiveness of our "disclosure controls and procedures" (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)), have concluded that, as of December 31, 2015, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective in providing reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

 

Evaluation of and Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over our financial reporting. Management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2015, based on the criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations.

 

Based on this evaluation, management concluded that, as of December 31, 2015, our internal control over financial reporting was effective in providing reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

This annual report does not include an attestation report of our independent registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management's report was not subject to attestation by our independent registered public accounting firm pursuant to the permanent exemption from section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 for non-accelerated filers.

 

There were no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act), or in factors that could materially affect internal controls, during the quarter ended December 31, 2015, or subsequent to the date that management completed their evaluation, that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financing reporting.

 

Item 9B. Other Information

 

None.

 

 
15
 

 

PART III

 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

Directors and Executive Officers

 

The following table and text set forth the names and ages of all directors and executive officers of our company as of March 28, 2016. All of the directors will serve until the next annual meeting of stockholders and until their successors are elected and qualified, or until their earlier death, retirement, resignation or removal. There are no family relationships between or among the directors, executive officers or persons nominated or charged by our company to become directors or executive officers. Executive officers serve at the discretion of the Board, and are appointed to serve by the Board.

 

Name

 

Age

 

Position

 

Director / Officer Since

Thomas Bold

55

President and Chief Executive Officer

December 2013

Rhonda B. Rosen

59

Chief Financial Officer

October 2013

Patsy Trisler

68

Vice-President, Regulatory & Clinical Affairs

April 1, 2014

Joseph Sierchio

66

Director

August 2010

Kenneth Kirkland

73

Director

August 2013

 

Set forth below are the names of all directors and executive officers, all positions and offices with us held by each person, the period during which each has served as such, the principal occupations and employment of such persons during at least the last five years, and other director positions held currently or during the last five years:

 

Thomas Bold. Since 2013 Mr. Bold has been serving as a Business Consultant and Economic Advisor for StemCell Systems, GmbH. In this position he serves as a member of the steering committee of a multinational research project sponsored by the European Commission. From 2004 through 2012 Mr. Bold served as the CEO of StemCell Systems GmbH, a Berlin-based biomedical company engaged in the development and commercialization of advanced cell culture bioreactors. During his time in this position Mr. Bold managed several national and international research and development projects for the company. Mr. Bold has more than 15 years of professional business experience in the field of medical biotechnology device manufacturing, stem cell culture technology platform development and regenerative medicine research project management and product development. Mr. Bold has co-founded several start-up companies in Germany and specializes in structuring and management of new ventures and organizations. He initiated and managed successful business/R&D collaborations between many company and university partners and has been involved in successful patent application processes and IP portfolio management. Mr. Bold has assisted companies in securing millions of dollars of funding from local and national German research organizations and the European Commission and managed national and international life science R&D projects for Hybrid Organ GmbH, StemCell Systems GmbH and the Charité Medical Faculty of the Berlin Universities, Germany. He initiated and managed several skin therapy project consortia on wound dressing development, skin cell isolation technologies and skin cell spray deposition devices. Mr. Bold received his Bachelor's degree in Business Management from the University of Cologne, Germany and his Diplom-Kaufmann (Masters') degree in Business Management, Economic Journalism and American Economy from the Freie Universität Berlin.

 

Rhonda B. Rosen. From June through September 2013, Ms. Rosen served as our President and Chief Executive Officer. From May 2012 through March 2013, Ms. Rosen served as the Chief Financial Officer of Armada Oil, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries. From August 2010 through February 2012, Ms. Rosen was the Treasurer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Administrative Officer of Tonix Pharmaceuticals Holding Corp. and its wholly owned subsidiaries. Ms. Rosen has also been a partner at Tatum, an executive services firm, since March 2010, where she provides executive level financial consulting services. Between July 2007 and February 2010, Ms. Rosen served as the Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer of Validus Pharmaceuticals LLC and its predecessor companies, including Konanda Pharma Partners, LLC, Konanda Pharma Fund I, L.P, Validus Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Fontus Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Between November 2006 and July 2007, Ms. Rosen was the Senior Vice President of Wood Creek Capital Management, the founding sponsor of Validus Pharmaceuticals LLC. Previously, Ms. Rosen was the Director of Sales at Liability Solutions Inc. (2004 to 2005); Managing Director of Insurance and Alternative Asset Management Investment Banking at Putnam Lovell NBF (1999 to 2003); and Managing Director of Insurance Investment Banking at CIBC World Markets (formerly Oppenheimer & Co.) (1992-1999). Ms. Rosen earned her MBA in Finance & Accounting and her BS in Economics from The Wharton School of Business, where she graduated summa cum laude, and her MS in Taxation from the from the Fox School of Business. Ms. Rosen started her career with PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP and is a Certified Public Accountant in the State of Pennsylvania. Ms. Rosen was appointed to serve as our Chief Financial Officer due to her extensive accounting and finance experience.

 

 
16
 

 

Patsy J. Trisler, JD, RAC. For over 20 years Ms. Trisler has provided strategic regulatory guidance and clinical compliance consulting services to medical device companies, including advising on non-clinical and clinical testing requirements for a variety of product types; preparing FDA submissions; facilitating FDA meetings; training on compliance with GCPs & FDA regulatory requirements. Ms. Trisler has been a regulatory consultant since 1991 and has held senior level positions where she provided consulting services for pharmaceutical, biotechnology and medical device clients and was most recently an independent consultant for a number of clients within the medical products' industry. Prior to that Ms. Trisler served for nearly seven years at the FDA as a scientific reviewer and special assistant to the Director of the Office of Device Evaluation in developing medical device policies and guidances. She began her career as a biologist in a molecular biology laboratory at the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Ms. Trisler received her B.S. in biology and psychology from American University in Washington, DC, and her juris doctorate from the Potomac School of Law/Antioch Law School in Washington, DC. Ms. Trisler is regulatory affairs certified (RAC) and a member of several professional groups including the Association of Clinical Research Professionals (ACRP) and Regulatory Affairs Professional Society (RAPS). Ms. Trisler was appointed to serve as our Vice-President, Regulatory & Clinical Affairs due to her extensive regulatory guidance and clinical compliance experience.

 

Joseph Sierchio. Mr. Sierchio earned his J.D. at Cornell University Law School in 1974, and a B.A., with Highest Distinction in Economics from Rutgers College at Rutgers University in 1971. Since 2007 Mr. Sierchio has been engaged in the practice of law as a member of Sierchio & Partners, LLP, prior to which he was engaged in the practice of law as a member of Sierchio Greco & Greco, LLP from January 2003 through May 2007. Prior thereto Mr. Sierchio was a partner at Eiseman Levine Learhaupt and Kakoyannis, PC. Since 1975, Mr. Sierchio has continuously practiced corporate and securities law in New York City, representing domestic and foreign corporations, investors, brokerage firms, entrepreneurs, and public and private companies in the U.S., Canada, United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Australia, and Hong Kong. Mr. Sierchio is admitted in all New York state courts and federal courts in the Eastern, Northern, and Southern Districts of the State of New York as well as the federal Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Mr. Sierchio is also a director of SolarWindow Technologies, Inc., which is engaged in the research, development and eventual commercialization of emerging next-generation alternative and renewable energy technologies. Mr. Sierchio was invited to join the Board due to his experience representing corporations (public and private) and individuals in numerous and various organizational, compliance, administrative, governance, finance (equity and debt private and public offerings), regulatory and legal matters.

 

Dr. Kenneth Kirkland. From August 1998 through July 2010, Dr. Kirkland worked as an Executive Director at Iowa State University and most recently served as the University's Executive Director of the Research Foundation and Director of the Office of Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer. While there, he was successful in increasing the licensing of the University's technologies to companies to achieve number one ranking among U.S. universities in the number of licenses executed. Dr. Kirkland also spearheaded successful litigation against infringers of the Research Foundation's intellectual property resulting in total settlements of $20 million. Dr. Kirkland completed his undergraduate studies in the U.K., and obtained his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Agronomic Crop Science from Oregon State University. Dr. Kirkland was invited to join the Board due to his extensive experience in licensing intellectual property.

 

Certain Relationships

 

There are no family relationships among or between any of our officers and directors.

 

Our proposed business raises potential conflicts of interests between certain of our officers and directors and us. Certain of our directors are directors of other mineral resource companies and, to the extent that such other companies may participate in ventures in which we may participate, our directors may have a conflict of interest in negotiating and concluding terms regarding the extent of such participation. In the event that such a conflict of interest arises at a meeting of our directors, a director who has such a conflict will abstain from voting for or against the approval of such participation or such terms. In appropriate cases, we will establish a special committee of independent directors to review a matter in which several directors, or management, may have a conflict. From time to time, several companies may participate in the acquisition, exploration and development of natural resource properties thereby allowing for their participation in larger programs, involvement in a greater number of programs and reduction of the financial exposure with respect to any one program. It may also occur that a particular company will assign all or a portion of its interest in a particular program to another of these companies due to the financial position of the company making the assignment.

 

 
17
 

 

In determining whether we will participate in a particular program and the interest therein to be acquired by it, the directors will primarily consider the potential benefits to us, the degree of risk to which we may be exposed and its financial position at that time. Other than as indicated, we have no other procedures or mechanisms to deal with conflicts of interest. We are not aware of the existence of any conflict of interest as described herein.

 

Consideration of Director Nominees

 

Director Qualifications

 

We believe that our Board, to the extent that our limited resources permit, should encompass a diverse range of talent, skill and expertise sufficient to provide sound and prudent guidance with respect to our operations and interests. Each director also is expected to: exhibit high standards of integrity, commitment and independence of thought and judgment; use his or her skills and experiences to provide independent oversight to our business; participate in a constructive and collegial manner; be willing to devote sufficient time to carrying out their duties and responsibilities effectively; devote the time and effort necessary to learn our business; and, represent the long-term interests of all shareholders.

 

The Board has determined that the Board as a whole must have the right diversity, mix of characteristics and skills for the optimal functioning of the Board in its oversight of our affairs. The Board believes it should be comprised of persons with skills in areas such as: finance; real estate; banking; strategic planning; human resources and diversity; leadership of business organizations; and legal matters. The Board may also consider in its assessment of the Board's diversity, in its broadest sense, reflecting, but not limited to, age, geography, gender and ethnicity.

 

In addition to the targeted skill areas, the Board looks for a strong record of achievement in key knowledge areas that it believes are critical for directors to add value to the Board, including:

 

 

·

Strategy—knowledge of our business model, the formulation of corporate strategies, knowledge of key competitors and markets;

 

 

 

 

·

Leadership—skills in coaching and working with senior executives and the ability to assist the Chief Executive Officer;

 

 

 

 

·

Organizational Issues—understanding of strategy implementation, change management processes, group effectiveness and organizational design;

 

 

 

 

·

Relationships—understanding how to interact with investors, accountants, attorneys, management companies, analysts, and communities in which we operate;

 

 

 

 

·

Functional—understanding of finance matters, financial statements and auditing procedures, technical expertise, legal issues, information technology and marketing; and

 

 

 

 

·

Ethics—the ability to identify and raise key ethical issues concerning our activities and those of senior management as they affect the business community and society.

 

The Board and Board Meetings

 

Our Board consists of two members. Directors serve for a term of one year and stand for election at our annual meeting of stockholders. Pursuant to our Bylaws, any vacancy occurring in the Board, including a vacancy created by an increase in the number of directors, may be filled by the stockholders or by the affirmative vote of a majority of the remaining directors though less than a quorum of the Board. A director elected to fill a vacancy shall hold office only until the next election of directors by the stockholders. If there are no remaining directors, the vacancy shall be filled by the stockholders.

 

 
18
 

 

At a meeting of stockholders, any director or the entire Board may be removed, with or without cause, provided the notice of the meeting states that one of the purposes of the meeting is the removal of the director. A director may be removed only if the number of votes cast to remove him exceeds the number of votes cast against removal.

 

Our Board and management are committed to responsible corporate governance to ensure that we are managed for the long-term benefit of its shareholders. To that end, the Board and management periodically review and update, as appropriate, our corporate governance policies and practices. In doing so, the Board and management review published guidelines and recommendations of institutional shareholder organizations and current best practices of similarly situated public companies. The Board and management also regularly evaluate and, when appropriate, will revise our corporate governance policies and practices in accordance with the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and the rules and listing standards issued by the SEC.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2015, the Board held a total of eight (8) meetings and actions by written consent. All members of the Board attended all meetings of the Board and participated in actions by written consent.

 

Directors' and Officers' Liability Insurance

 

We currently maintain directors' and officers' liability insurance coverage.

 

Board Committees and Corporate Governance

 

Audit Committee

 

The Board does not currently have a standing Audit Committee. The full Board performs the principal functions of the Audit Committee. The full Board monitors our financial reporting process and internal control system and appoints our independent registered public accounting firm.

 

Compensation Committee

 

The Board does not currently have a standing Compensation Committee. The full Board establishes overall compensation policies for us and reviews recommendations submitted by our management.

 

Nominating Committee

 

The Board does not currently have a standing Nominating Committee. All nominating functions are handled directly by the full Board, which the Board believes is the most effective and efficient approach, based on the size of the Board and our current and anticipated operations and needs. As outlined above in selecting a qualified nominee, the Board considers such factors as it deems appropriate which may include: the current composition of the Board; the range of talents of the nominee that would best complement those already represented on the Board; the extent to which the nominee would diversify the Board; the nominee's standards of integrity, commitment and independence of thought and judgment; and the need for specialized expertise.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

During the past five years none of our directors, executive officers, promoters or control persons has been:

 

 

·

the subject of any bankruptcy petition filed by or against any business of which such person was a general partner or executive officer either at the time of the bankruptcy or within two years prior to that time;

 

 

 

 

·

convicted in a criminal proceeding or is subject to a pending criminal proceeding (excluding traffic violations and other minor offenses);

 

 

 

 

·

subject to any order, judgment, or decree, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any court of competent jurisdiction, permanently or temporarily enjoining, barring, suspending or otherwise limiting his involvement in any type of business, securities or banking activities;

 

 

 

 

·

found by a court of competent jurisdiction (in a civil action), the Commission or the Commodity Futures Trading Commission to have violated a federal or state securities or commodities law;

 

 

 

 

·

the subject of any Federal or State judicial or administrative order, judgment, decree, or finding, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, relating to an alleged violation of Any Federal or State securities or commodities law or regulation; or Any law or regulation respecting financial institutions or insurance companies including, but not limited to, a temporary or permanent injunction, order of disgorgement or restitution, civil money penalty or temporary or permanent cease-and-desist order, or removal or prohibition order; or Any law or regulation prohibiting mail or wire fraud or fraud in connection with any business entity.

 

 

 

 

·

any federal or state judicial or administrative proceedings based on violations of federal or state securities, commodities, banking or insurance laws and regulations, or any settlement to such actions (excluding settlements between private parties); and any disciplinary sanctions or orders imposed by a stock, commodities or derivatives exchange or other self-regulatory organization.

 

 
19
 

 

Compliance with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act

 

Pursuant to Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act of 1934, our executive officers and directors in addition to any person who owns more than 10% of our common stock are required to report their ownership of our common stock and changes to such ownership with the SEC. Based on a review of such reports and information provided to us, we believe that during the most recent fiscal year our executive officers and directors have complied with applicable filing requirements under Section 16(a), Based solely upon a review of the copies of the forms furnished to us, we believe that during fiscal 2015, all Section 16(a) filing requirements applicable to our directors and executive officers were satisfied.

 

Code of Ethics

 

We have adopted a Code of Ethics that applies to all of our officers, directors and employees, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, which complies with the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and applicable FINRA listing standards. Accordingly, the Code of Ethics is designed to deter wrongdoing, and to promote, among other things, honest and ethical conduct, full, timely, accurate and clear public disclosures, compliance with all applicable laws, rules and regulations, the prompt internal reporting of violations of the Code of Ethics, and accountability.

 

Corporate Governance

 

We have adopted Corporate Governance Guidelines applicable to our Board.

 

Board Leadership Structure

 

We currently have two executive officers and two directors. Our Board has reviewed our current Board leadership structure — which consists of a President & Chief Executive Officer and a Chief Financial Officer and no Chairman of the Board — in light of the composition of the Board, our size, the nature of our business, the regulatory framework under which we operate, our stockholder base, our peer group and other relevant factors, and has determined that this structure is currently the most appropriate Board leadership structure for our company. Nevertheless, the Board intends to carefully evaluate from time to time whether our Chief Executive Officer and Chairman positions should be combined based on what the Board believes is best for us and our stockholders.

 

Board Role in Risk Oversight

 

Risk is inherent in every business, and how well a business manages risk can ultimately determine its success. We face a number of risks, including strategic risks, enterprise risks, financial risks, and regulatory risks. While our management is responsible for day to day management of various risks we face, the Board, as a whole, is responsible for evaluating our exposure to risk and to satisfy itself that the risk management processes designed and implemented by management are adequate and functioning as designed. The Board reviews and discusses policies with respect to risk assessment and risk management. The Board also has oversight responsibility with respect to the integrity of our financial reporting process and systems of internal control regarding finance and accounting, as well as its financial statements.

 

 
20
 

 

Director Independence

 

Our securities are not listed on a U.S. securities exchange and, therefore, is not subject to the corporate governance requirements of any such exchange, including those related to the independence of directors. However, at this time, after considering all of the relevant facts and circumstances, the Board has determined that Dr. Kirkland is independent from our management and qualifies as an "Independent Director" under the standards of independence under the applicable FINRA listing standards. This means that, in the judgment of the Board, Dr. Kirkland (1) is not an officer or employee of the Company or its subsidiaries, or (2) has not had any direct or indirect relationship with the Company that would interfere with the exercise of his independent judgment in carrying out the responsibilities of a director. Upon our listing on any national securities exchange or any inter-dealer quotation system, we will elect such independent directors as is necessary under the rules of any such securities exchange.

 

Communications with the Board of Directors

 

Stockholders who wish to communicate with the Board may do so by addressing their correspondence to the Board at RenovaCare, Inc. 430 Park Avenue, Suite 702, New York, NY 10022. The Board has approved a process pursuant to which the President reviews and forward correspondence to the appropriate director or group of directors for response.

 

Compensation of Directors

 

Our Board determines the non-employee directors' compensation for serving on the Board and its committees. In establishing director compensation, the Board is guided by the following goals:

 

 

·

compensation should consist of a combination of cash and equity awards that are designed to fairly pay the directors for work required for a company of our size and scope;

 

 

 

 

·

compensation should align the directors' interests with the long-term interests of stockholders; and

 

 

 

 

·

compensation should assist with attracting and retaining qualified directors.

 

We reimburse our directors for reasonable travel and other out-of-pocket expenses incurred in connection with attendance at meetings of our Board. We do not pay director compensation to directors who are also employees. All non-employee directors are paid a director's fee. Our Board may award special remuneration to any director undertaking any special services on our behalf other than services ordinarily required of a director. Directors are entitled to participate in, and have been issued options under, our 2013 Plan. We also reimburse directors for any actual expenses incurred to attend meetings of the Board.

 

On August 1, 2013, we appointed Dr. Kenneth Kirkland to serve as a member of our Board. Effective as of that date we agreed to pay non-employee directors an annual fee of $6,000, payable quarterly.

 

The following table reports all compensation we paid to non-employee directors during the last two fiscal years.

 

Name

 

 

 

Fees earned or

paid in cash (1)

 

 

Stock awards Aggregate
Grant Date Fair Value

 

 

Option awards Aggregate Grant Date Fair Value

 

 

Non-equity incentive
plan compensation

 

 

Nonqualified Deferred
compensation earnings

 

 

All other
compensation (2)

 

 

Total

 

Joseph

 

2015

 

$6,000

 

 

$

Nil

 

 

$3,716

 

 

$

Nil

 

 

$

Nil

 

 

$

Nil

 

 

$9,716

 

Sierchio(3)

 

2014

 

$6,000

 

 

$

Nil

 

 

$11,890

 

 

$

Nil

 

 

$

Nil

 

 

$

Nil

 

 

$17,890

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kenneth

 

2015

 

$6,000

 

 

$

Nil

 

 

$3,716

 

 

$

Nil

 

 

$

Nil

 

 

$

Nil

 

 

$9,716

 

Kirkland

 

2014

 

$6,000

 

 

$

Nil

 

 

$11,890

 

 

$

Nil

 

 

$

Nil

 

 

$

Nil

 

 

$17,890

 

__________________

(1)

The amounts in this column represent the quarterly compensation.

(2)

The amounts in this column represent stock-based compensation expense granted to Messrs. Kirkland and Sierchio.

(3)

The amounts set forth in this table do not include fees paid to Sierchio & Partners, LLP, the firm's legal counsel, of which Mr. Sierchio is the managing partner.

 

 
21
 

 

Item 11. Executive Compensation

 

The responsibility for establishing, administering and interpreting our policies governing the compensation and benefits for our executive officers lies with our Board. In administering their responsibilities for determining executive compensation, the Board has not retained the services of any compensation consultants.

 

The goals of our executive compensation program are to attract, motivate and retain individuals with the skills and qualities necessary to support and develop our business within the framework of our small size and available resources. In 2015, we designed our executive compensation program to achieve the following objectives:

 

 

·

attract and retain executives experienced in developing and delivering products such as our own;

 

 

 

 

·

motivate and reward executives whose experience and skills are critical to our success;

 

 

 

 

·

reward performance; and

 

 

 

 

·

align the interests of our executive officers and stockholders by motivating executive officers to increase stockholder value.

 

The following table and descriptive materials set forth information concerning compensation earned for services rendered to us by: the President & Chief Executive Officer ("CEO"); the Chief Financial Officer ("CFO"); and the three other most highly-compensated executive officers other than the CEO and CFO who were serving as our executive officers during the last two fiscal years ("Named Executive Officers").

 

Name and principal

position

(a)

 

Year

December 31,

(b)

 

Salary/

consulting fee

($)

(c)

 

 

 

Bonus

($)

(d)

 

 

 

Stock

awards

($)

(e)

 

 

Option

awards

($)

(f)

 

 

 

Non-equity

incentive

plan

compensation

($)

(g)

 

 

 

Non-qualified

deferred

compensation

earnings

($)

(h)

 

 

 

All other

compensation

($)

(i)

 

 

Total

($)

(j)

 

Thomas Bold(1)

 

2015

 

 

100,000

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

5,267

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

105,267

 

President & CEO

 

2014

 

 

70,833

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

70,833

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rhonda B. Rosen(2)

 

2015

 

 

46,800

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

1,858

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

48,658

 

CFO

 

2014

 

 

31,125

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

5,945

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

31,125

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Patsy Trisler(3)

 

2015

 

 

60,000

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

12,762

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

72,762

 

VP – Clinical & Regulatory Affairs

 

2014

 

 

45,000

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

41,615

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

Nil

 

 

 

86,615

 

__________________

(1)

On December 1, 2013, we appointed Mr. Bold as our President & CEO and entered into the Consulting Agreement with Mr. Bold. Pursuant to the terms of the Consulting Agreement, Mr. Bold is expected to serve on a part-time basis and will receive an annual fee of $100,000, payable in 12 equal installments, which is prorated for any partial months during the term of the Consulting Agreement. In addition to Mr. Bold's fee, he was issued a stock option to purchase up to 40,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.75 per share, the closing price of our common stock as quoted on the OTCQB on November 29, 2013, and a stock option to purchase up to 60,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $1.91 per share, the closing price on March 15, 2016. The options may be exercised on a "cashless basis" using the formula contained therein and have all vested as of the date hereof.

(2)

On October 1, 2013, we appointed Ms. Rosen to serve as our CFO on a part-time basis, for which she is paid a monthly fee of $3,900. On August 14, 2014, we granted to Ms. Rosen an option to purchase 10,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.80 per share, the closing price of our common stock as quoted on the OTCQB on August 13, 2014, and a stock option to purchase up to 20,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $1.91 per share, the closing price on March 15, 2016. The options may be exercised on a "cashless basis" using the formula contained therein and have all vested as of the date hereof.

(3)

On April 1, 2014, we appointed Ms. Patsy Trisler as our Vice President – Clinical & Regulatory Affairs and entered into an at-will consulting agreement with Ms. Trisler. Pursuant to which we Ms. Trisler issued an option to purchase up to 50,000 shares of the Company's common stock at a price of $1.05 per share, the closing price of the Company's common stock as quoted on the OTCQB on April 1, 2014. The options may be exercised on a "cashless basis" using the formula contained therein and, subject to Ms. Trisler's continued service, the options vest(ed) as follows, 10,000 on: (a) April 1, 2015; (b) April 1, 2016; (c) April 1, 2017; (d) April 1, 2018; and (e) April 1, 2019.

 

 
22
 

 

Options/SAR Grants Table

 

During the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, stock-based compensation expense of $59,122 and $59,860, respectively, was recognized as general and administrative expenses. As of December 31, 2015 we had $69,032 in unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock options.

 

We do not repurchase shares to fulfill the requirements of options that are exercised. Further, we issue new shares when options are exercised.

 

Aggregated Option/SAR Exercises and Fiscal Year-End Option/SAR Value Table

 

At December 31, 2015 we had 257,500 (2014 – 185,000) stock options outstanding.

 

At no time during the last completed fiscal year did we, while a reporting company pursuant to Section 13(a) of 15(d) of the Exchange Act, adjust or amend the exercise price of the stock options or SARs previously awarded to any of the named executive officers, whether through amendment, cancellation or replacement grants, or any other means.

 

Long-Term Incentive Plans

 

On June 20, 2013, our Board adopted our 2013 Long-Term Incentive Plan (the "2013 Plan") and on November 15, 2013, a stockholder owning a majority of our issued and outstanding stock approved adoption to the 2013 Plan. Pursuant to the terms of the 2013 Plan, an aggregate of 20,000,000 shares of our common stock are reserved for issuance to our officers, directors, employees and consultants in order to attract and hire key technical personnel and management.

 

There are no arrangements or plans in which we provide pension, retirement or similar benefits for directors or executive officers, except that our directors and executive officers may receive stock options at the discretion of our Board. We do not have any material bonus or profit sharing plans pursuant to which cash or non-cash compensation is or may be paid to our directors or executive officers, except that stock options may be granted at the discretion of our Board.

 

Employment Contracts

 

We maintain an "at-will" consulting agreement with each of Mr. Thomas Bold, our President & CEO, Ms. Rhonda B. Rosen, our CFO, and Ms. Patsy Trisler, our VP - Clinical & Regulatory Affairs. Our entire Board sets the current year compensation levels of each of the above named Executive Officers.

 

There are no arrangements or plans in which we provide pension, retirement or similar benefits for directors or executive officers. Our directors and executive officers may receive stock options at the discretion of our Board. We do not have any material bonus or profit sharing plans pursuant to which cash or non-cash compensation is or may be paid to our directors or executive officers, except that stock options may be granted at the discretion of our Board.

 

We have no plans or arrangements in respect of remuneration received or that may be received by our executive officers to compensate such officers in the event of termination of employment (as a result of resignation, retirement, change of control) or a change of responsibilities following a change of control, where the value of such compensation exceeds $60,000 per executive officer.

 

Change of Control Agreements

 

There are no understandings or agreements known by management at this time which would result in a change in control. We do not have any change of control or severance agreements with any of its executive officers or directors. In the event of the termination of employment of the Named Executive Officers any and all unexercised stock options shall expire and no longer be exercisable after a specified time following the date of the termination.

 

 
23
 

 

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholders Matters

 

The following table sets forth information with respect to the beneficial ownership of our common stock as of March 25, 2016, by each person (or group of affiliated persons) who is known by us to beneficially own 5% or more of our common stock; our directors; our named executive officers; and our directors and executive officers as a group. As of March 25, 2016, 69,955,847 shares of our common stock were issued and outstanding.

 

The percentages of common stock beneficially owned are reported on the basis of regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission governing the determination of beneficial ownership of securities. Under the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission, a person is deemed to be a beneficial owner of a security if that person has or shares voting power, which includes the power to vote or to direct the voting of the security, or investment power, which includes the power to dispose of or to direct the disposition of the security.

 

Name and Address of Beneficial Owner (1)

 

Number of shares Beneficially Owned (2)

 

 

% of Class Owned (2)

 

Directors and Officers

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thomas Bold(3)

 

 

110,000

 

 

*

 

Rhonda B. Rosen(4)

 

 

40,000

 

 

*

 

Patsy J. Trisler (5)

 

 

20,000

 

 

*

 

Kenneth Kirkland(6)

 

 

90,000

 

 

*

 

Joseph Sierchio (7)

 

 

640,000

 

 

*

 

All Directors and Officers as a Group (5 people)

 

 

900,000

 

 

 

1.28

 

5% Shareholders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kalen Capital Corporation (8)

The Kalen Capital Building

688 West Hastings St.

Suite 700

Vancouver, BC V6B 1P1

 

 

50,176,800

 

 

 

66.39

 

__________________

*

less than 1%

(1)

Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with SEC rules and generally includes voting or investment power with respect to securities. Each of the beneficial owners listed above has direct ownership of and sole voting power and investment power with respect to the shares of our common stock and except as indicated the address of each beneficial owner is 430 Park Avenue, Suite 702, New York, New York 10022.

(2)

Calculated pursuant to Rule 13d-3(d) of the Exchange Act. Beneficial ownership is calculated based on 69,955,847 shares of common stock issued and outstanding on a fully diluted basis as of the date of this Memorandum. Under Rule 13d-3(d) of the Exchange Act, shares not outstanding which are subject to options, warrants, rights or conversion privileges exercisable within 60 days are deemed outstanding for the purpose of calculating the number and percentage owned by such person, but are not deemed outstanding for the purpose of calculating the percentage owned by each other person listed.

(3)

Consists of 5,000 shares of common stock and a Series D Warrant to purchase 5,000 shares of common stock purchased by Mr. Bold in a private placement we conducted in 2015. Includes vested options to purchase up to 100,000 shares of common stock.

(4)

Consists of 5,000 shares of common stock and a Series D Warrant to purchase 5,000 shares of common stock purchased by Ms. Rosen in a private placement we conducted in 2015. Includes vested options to purchase up to 30,000 shares of common stock.

(5)

Ms Trisler was appointed as our Vice President – Clinical & Regualtory Affairs on April 1, 2014; as part of her appointment she was granted a stock option to purchase up to 50,000 shares of common stock. The option vests in five equal installments of 10,000 on April 1, 2015-2019, subject to her continued service with the Company.

(6)

Consists of vested options to purchase 90,000 shares of common stock.

(7)

Includes 550,000 shares of common stock owned by Mr. Sierchio and vested options to purchase 90,000 shares of common stock.

(8)

Kalen Capital Corporation is a private Alberta corporation wholly owned by Mr. Harmel Rayat. In such capacity, Mr. Rayat may be deemed to have beneficial ownership of these shares. Consists of (a) 44,550,713 shares of common stock; (b) a Series B Stock Purchase Warrant to purchase up to 1,326,087 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.46 per share through November 29, 2018; (c) a Series C Stock Purchase Warrant to purchase up to 3,500,000 shares of the Issuers common stock at an exercise price of $0.49 per share through November 29, 2018; and (d) a Series D Stock Purchase Warrant to purchase up to 800,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $1.10 per share through June 5, 2020. Each of the foregoing warrants may be exercised on a cashless basis.

 

 
24
 

 

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

Our proposed business raises potential conflicts of interests between certain of our officers and directors and us. Certain of our directors may become directors of other biotechnology companies and, to the extent that such other companies may participate in ventures in which we may participate, our directors may have a conflict of interest in negotiating and concluding terms regarding the extent of such participation. In the event that such a conflict of interest arises at a meeting of our directors, a director who has such a conflict will abstain from voting for or against the approval of such participation or such terms. In appropriate cases, we will establish a special committee of independent directors to review a matter in which several directors, or management, may have a conflict.

 

In determining whether we will acquire a new technology or participate in a research and development program, the directors will primarily consider the potential benefits to us, the degree of risk to which we may be exposed and its financial position at that time. Other than as indicated, we have no other procedures or mechanisms to deal with conflicts of interest. We are not aware of the existence of any conflict of interest as described herein.

 

Related Party Transactions

 

In determining whether we will engage in a particular program and the interest therein to be acquired by it, the directors will primarily consider the potential benefits to us, the degree of risk to which we may be exposed and our financial position at that time. Other than as indicated, we have no other procedures or mechanisms to deal with conflicts of interest. We are not aware of the existence of any conflict of interest as described herein.

 

Other than as disclosed below, during the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, and the subsequent period, none of our current directors, officers or principal shareholders, nor any family member of the foregoing, nor, to the best of our information and belief, any of our former directors, senior officers or principal shareholders, nor any family member of such former directors, officers or principal shareholders, has or had any material interest, direct or indirect, in any transaction, or in any proposed transaction which has materially affected or will materially affect us.

 

On December 31, 2013, we completed the sale of 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of Fostung Resources to Duke for a promissory note in the amount of $80,000, which amount approximated the fair value of the leases and mining claims controlled by Fostung Resources, as concluded by an independent third-party geological consultant. Mr. Herdev S. Rayat, the majority shareholder of Duke is the brother of Mr. Harmel S. Rayat, our majority shareholder. During 2014 management determined that collection of any portion of the principal outstanding under the promissory note from Duke was no longer probable. As a result, we wrote off the balance of principal due under the note amounting to $83,200, including interest receivable of $3,200, during the year ended December 31, 2014. 

  

During the year ended December 31, 2015, directors' fees of $12,000 (2014 - $12,000) were paid or due to our non-officer directors.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2015, legal fees of $106,743 (2014 - $156,175) were paid or are due to our attorney, Mr. Sierchio, who was appointed to our Board effective August 26, 2010.

 

In connection with our anticipated Section 510(k) submission of its proprietary SkinGunTM to the Food and Drug Administration, we engaged StemCell Systems to provide us with prototypes and related documents. Pursuant to this engagement we incurred expenses of $194,336 in the year ended December 31, 2015. Dr. Gerlach, from whom we purchased the SkinGunTM technology, is a principal of StemCell Systems.

 

On September 25, 2014, we entered into a Charitable Grant Agreement with the University, pursuant to which we committed to provide a charitable donation to the University in the aggregate amount of $75,000. We will pay the Grant in eight quarterly installments of $9,375, with the first payment made on or before October 2014 and the final payment to be made on or before July 31, 2016. Dr. Gerlach, from whom we purchased the SkinGunTM technology, is a professor at the University. Effective November 1, 2015, we entered into a Charitable Gift Agreement with the University, pursuant to which we committed to provide a charitable donation to the University in the aggregate amount of $83,000. The Gift was paid in full in December 2015.

 

 
25
 

 

On May 1, 2015, the Company entered into the Option Agreement with Dr. Gerlach, pursuant to which the Company obtained a one-year exclusive option to evaluate the Technology, for the purpose of determining whether the Company would like to purchase or license the Technology. Pursuant to the terms of the Option Agreement, the Company will pay Dr. Gerlach a non-refundable fee of $24,000, payable in four quarterly installments of $6,000, with the first installment due on May 1, 2015. The $24,000 option payment was recognized as research and development expense during the period ended December 31, 2015. At December 31, 2015, $6,000 of the amount payable was recorded as current liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet.

 

On February 2, 2016, Kalen Capital Corporation exercised a portion of its Series B Warrant for 2,173,913 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $0.46 per share and rendered $1,000,000 as payment. Kalen Capital Corporation is wholly owned by Mr. Harmel S. Rayat, our majority shareholder.

 

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services

 

The firm of Peterson Sullivan, LLP currently serves as our independent registered public accounting firm. Our Board, in its discretion, may direct the appointment of different public accountants at any time during the year, if the Board believes that a change would be in the best interests of the stockholders. The Board has considered the audit fees, audit-related fees, tax fees and other fees paid to our accountants, as disclosed below, and had determined that the payment of such fees is compatible with maintaining the independence of the accountants.

 

Audit Fees

 

The aggregate fees billed and expected to be billed for professional services by Peterson Sullivan LLP for the audit of our annual consolidated financial statements and review of consolidated financial statements included in our Form 10-Q (17 CFR 249.308b) or services that were normally provided by the accountant in connection with statutory and regulatory filings or engagements for the 2015 fiscal year are $34,980 (2014 - $37,112).

 

Audit-Related Fees

 

The aggregate fees billed to us for assurance and related services by Peterson Sullivan LLP that are reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of our consolidated financial statements and are not reported under audit fees for fiscal 2015 were $0 (2014 - $0).

 

Tax Fees

 

The aggregate fees billed to us for professional services by Peterson Sullivan LLP for tax compliance for fiscal 2015 were $6,090 (2014 - $5,289).

 

All Other Fees

 

The aggregate fees billed to us for products and services provided by Peterson Sullivan LLP, other than reported under Audit Fees, Audit-Related Fees and Tax Fees for fiscal 2015 were $0 (2014 - $0).

 

The Board feels that the services rendered by Peterson Sullivan LLP were compatible with maintaining the principal accountant's independence.

 

 
26
 

 

PART IV

 

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

 

The following documents are filed as a part of this Form 10-K.

 

1. Financial Statements

 

The following financial statements are included in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K:

 

 

·

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

 

 

 

·

Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2015 and 2014

 

 

 

 

·

Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014

 

 

 

 

·

Statements of Stockholders' Equity for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014

 

 

 

 

·

Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014

 

 

 

 

·

Notes to Financial Statements

 

2. Financial Statement Schedules

 

Financial statement schedules are omitted because they are not required or are not applicable, or the required information is provided in the consolidated financial statements or notes described in Item 15(a)(1) above.

 

3. Exhibits

 

The Exhibits listed in the Exhibit Index, which appears immediately following the signature page, are incorporated herein by reference, and are filed as part of this Form 10-K.

 

 
27
 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

RENOVACARE, INC.

Date: March 28, 2016

By:

/s/ Rhonda B. Rosen

Name:

Rhonda B. Rosen

Title:

Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer, Principal Accounting Officer)

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

 

Signature 

Title 

Date

/s/ Thomas Bold

President and Chief Executive Officer,

March 28, 2016

Thomas Bold

Principal Executive Officer

/s/ Rhonda B. Rosen

Chief Financial Officer, Principal Financial Officer,

March 28, 2016

Rhonda B. Rosen

Principal Accounting Officer

 /s/ Patsy Trisler

Vice-President Clinical & Regulatory Affairs

March 28, 2016

Patsy Trisler

/s/ Kenneth Kirkland

Director

March 28, 2016

Kenneth Kirkland

/s/ Joseph Sierchio

Director

March 28, 2016

Joseph Sierchio

 

 
28
 

 

Exhibit Index

 

Exhibit No.

Description of Exhibit

3.1

Articles of Incorporation, as amended, of the Company, incorporated by reference and included in the Company's Registration Statement on Form 10-SB 12g filed on May 11, 1999, SEC file number 000-30156-99616992.

3.2

Articles of Incorporation, as amended, of the Company incorporated by reference and included in the Company's Form 8-K filed on January 10, 2011, SEC file number 000-30156-11520181.

3.3

Articles of Incorporation, as amended, of the Company incorporated by reference and included in the Company's Form 8-K filed on January 10, 2014, SEC file number 000-30156-14521612.

3.4

By-laws of the Company incorporated by reference and included in the Company's Registration Statement on Form 10-SB 12g filed on May 11, 1999, SEC file number 000-30156-99616992.

4.1†

Form of Series A Common Stock Purchase Warrant dated July 12, 2013, incorporated by reference and included in the Company's Form 8-K filed on July 18, 2013, as amended on November 21, 2013 and December 27, 2013, SEC file number 000-30156-131300357.

4.2

Form of Stock Purchase Warrant, incorporated by reference and included in the Company's Form 8-K filed on December 5, 2013, SEC file number 000-30156-131259657.

4.3

Registration Rights Agreement dated November 29, 2013, between Kalen Capital Corporation and the Company, incorporated by reference and included in the Company's Form 8-K filed on December 5, 2013, SEC file number 000-30156-131259657.

4.4

Form of Series D Common Stock Purchase Warrant, incorporated by reference and included in the Company's Form 8-K filed on June 10, 2015, SEC file number 000-30156-15981571.

10.1†

Asset Purchase Agreement dated as of June 21, 2013, between Jörg Gerlach, MD, PhD and the Company, incorporated by reference and included in the Company's Form 8-K filed on July 18, 2013, as amended on November 21, 2013 and December 27, 2013, SEC file number 000-30156-131300357.

10.2§

Form of Stock Option Agreement, incorporated by reference and included in the Company's Form 8-K filed on June 26, 2013, SEC file number 000-30156-131259657.

10.3

Finder's Agreement dated August 13, 2013, between Vector Asset Management, Inc. and the Company, incorporated by reference and included in the Company's Form 10-Q filed on August 14, 2013, SEC file number 000-30156-13109753.

10.4

At-Will Executive Services Agreement dated October 1, 2013, between Rhonda B. Rosen and the Company, incorporated by reference and included in the Company's Form 10-Q filed on November 14, 2013, SEC file number 000-30156-13129717.

10.5

Subscription Agreement for 3,500,000 units dated November 29, 2013, between Kalen Capital Corporation and the Company, incorporated by reference and included in the Company's Form 8-K filed on December 5, 2013, SEC file number 000-30156-131259657.

10.6§

At-Will Consulting Agreement effective as of December 1, 2013, between Thomas Bold and the Company, incorporated by reference and included in the Company's Form 8-K filed on December 5, 2013, SEC file number 000-30156-131259657.

10.9

Post-Closing Amendment to Asset Purchase Agreement dated September 9, 2014 between Jörg Gerlach, MD, PhD and the Company, incorporated by reference and included in the Company's Form 8-K filed on September 15, 2014; SEC file number 000-30156-141054256.

10.10

Option Agreement dated May 1, 2015, between Jörg Gerlach, MD, PhD and the Company, incorporated by reference and included in the Company's Form 8-K filed on May 5, 2015; SEC file number 000-30156-158333270.

10.11

Form of Subscription Agreement, incorporated by reference and included in the Company's Form 8-K filed on June 10, 2015, SEC file number 000-30156-15981571.

14.1

Code of Ethics, incorporated by reference and included in the Company's Form 10-K file on April 15, 2009, SEC file number 000-30156-09750383.

31.1

Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a).*

31.2

Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a).*

32.1

Certifications by the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.*

99.1

2013 Long-Term Incentive Plan

101.INS

XBRL Instance Document**

101.SCH

XBRL Taxonomy Extension - Schema Document**

101.CAL

XBRL Taxonomy Extension - Calculation Linkbase Document**

101.DEF

XBRL Taxonomy Extension - Definition Linkbase Document**

101.LAB

XBRL Taxonomy Extension - Label Linkbase Document**

101.PRE

XBRL Taxonomy Extension - Presentation Linkbase Document**

___________

* Filed herewith.

† Portions of this exhibit have been omitted pursuant to a request for confidential treatment under Rule 24b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the omitted material have been separately filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

§ Indicates a management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.

** Furnished herewith. XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language) information is furnished and not filed or a part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, is deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and otherwise is not subject to liability under these sections.
 

 

29


 

EX-31.1 2 rcar_ex311.htm CERTIFICATION rcar_ex311.htm

EXHIBIT 31.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer

Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

I, Thomas Bold, certify that:

 

1.

I have reviewed this Form 10-K of RenovaCare, Inc.

2.

Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report.

3.

Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report.

4.

The registrant's other certifying officers and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the Registrant and have:

 

a)

Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b)

Designed such internal controls over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c)

Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant's disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d)

Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant's most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant's fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant's internal control over financial reporting.

 

5.

The registrant's other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant's auditors and the audit committee of the registrant's board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

a)

All significant deficiencies and material weakness in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant's ability to record, process, summarize and report financial data and information; and

b)

Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

Date: March 28, 2016

By:

/s/ Thomas Bold

 

Name:

Thomas Bold

 

 

Title:

Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

EX-31.2 3 rcar_ex312.htm CERTIFICATION rcar_ex312.htm

EXHIBIT 31.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer

Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

I, Rhonda B. Rosen, certify that:

 

1.

I have reviewed this Form 10-K of RenovaCare, Inc.

2.

Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report.

3.

Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report.

4.

The registrant's other certifying officers and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the Registrant and have:

 

a)

Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b)

Designed such internal controls over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c)

Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant's disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d)

Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant's most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant's fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant's internal control over financial reporting.

 

5.

The registrant's other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant's auditors and the audit committee of the registrant's board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

a)

All significant deficiencies and material weakness in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant's ability to record, process, summarize and report financial data and information; and

b)

Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

Date: March 28, 2016

By:

/s/ Rhonda B. Rosen

 

Name:

Rhonda B. Rosen

 

 

Title:

Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer, Principal Accounting Officer)

 

 

EX-32.1 4 rcar_ex321.htm CERTIFICATION rcar_ex321.htm

EXHIBIT 32.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer

Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

I, Thomas Bold, President and Chief Executive Officer of RenovaCare, Inc. (the "Company"), hereby certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that to my knowledge:

 

1.

The Annual Report on Form 10-K of RenovaCare, Inc. for the year ended December 31, 2015 (the "Report") which this certification accompanies, fully complies with the requirements of section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934: and

2.

The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of RenovaCare, Inc.

 

 

Date: March 28, 2016

By:

/s/ Thomas Bold

 

Name:

Thomas Bold

 

 

Title:

Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

I, Rhonda B. Rosen, Chief Financial Officer of RenovaCare, Inc. (the "Company"), hereby certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that to my knowledge:

 

1.

The Annual Report on Form 10-K of RenovaCare, Inc. for the year ended December 31, 2015 (the "Report") which this certification accompanies, fully complies with the requirements of section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934: and

2.

The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of RenovaCare, Inc.

 

 

Date: March 28, 2016

By:

/s/ Rhonda B. Rosen

 

Name:

Rhonda B. Rosen

 

 

Title:

Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer, Principal Accounting Officer)

 

 

This certification accompanies this Report pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and shall not be deemed filed by the Company for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906, or other document authenticating, acknowledging, or otherwise adopting the signature that appears in typed form within the electronic version of this written statement required by Section 906, has been provided to the Company and will be retained by the Company and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.

 

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