EX-99.2 3 d393589dex992.htm EX-99.2 EX-99.2

Exhibit 99.2

 

LOGO

Management’s discussion and analysis

for the quarter ended September 30, 2017

 

4 THIRD QUARTER MARKET UPDATE

 

7 CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL RESULTS

 

14 OUTLOOK FOR 2017

 

16 LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

18 FINANCIAL RESULTS BY SEGMENT

 

22 OUR OPERATIONS - THIRD QUARTER UPDATES

 

23 QUALIFIED PERSONS

 

23 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

This management’s discussion and analysis (MD&A) includes information that will help you understand management’s perspective of our unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements and notes for the quarter ended September 30, 2017 (interim financial statements). The information is based on what we knew as of October 26, 2017 and updates our first quarter, second quarter and annual MD&A included in our 2016 annual report.

As you review this MD&A, we encourage you to read our interim financial statements as well as our audited consolidated financial statements and notes for the year ended December 31, 2016 and annual MD&A. You can find more information about Cameco, including our audited consolidated financial statements and our most recent annual information form, on our website at cameco.com, on SEDAR at sedar.com or on EDGAR at sec.gov. You should also read our annual information form before making an investment decision about our securities.

The financial information in this MD&A and in our financial statements and notes are prepared according to International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), unless otherwise indicated.

Unless we have specified otherwise, all dollar amounts are in Canadian dollars.

Throughout this document, the terms we, us, our and Cameco mean Cameco Corporation and its subsidiaries, including NUKEM Energy Gmbh (NUKEM), unless otherwise indicated.


Caution about forward-looking information

Our MD&A includes statements and information about our expectations for the future. When we discuss our strategy, plans, future financial and operating performance, or other things that have not yet taken place, we are making statements considered to be forward-looking information or forward-looking statements under Canadian and United States (US) securities laws. We refer to them in this MD&A as forward-looking information.

Key things to understand about the forward-looking information in this MD&A:

 

    It typically includes words and phrases about the future, such as: anticipate, believe, estimate, expect, plan, will, intend, goal, target, forecast, project, strategy and outlook (see examples below).

 

    It represents our current views, and can change significantly.

 

    It is based on a number of material assumptions, including those we have listed on page 3, which may prove to be incorrect.

 

    Actual results and events may be significantly different from what we currently expect, due to the risks associated with our business. We list a number of these material risks below. We recommend you also review our annual information form, and first quarter, second quarter and annual MD&A, which includes a discussion of other material risks that could cause actual results to differ significantly from our current expectations.

 

    Forward-looking information is designed to help you understand management’s current views of our near and longer term prospects, and it may not be appropriate for other purposes. We will not necessarily update this information unless we are required to by securities laws.

Examples of forward-looking information in this MD&A

 

    the discussion under the heading Our strategy

 

    our expectations about 2017 and future global uranium supply and demand, including the discussion under the heading Third quarter market update

 

    the discussion of our expectations relating to our dispute with Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO)

 

    the discussion of our expectations relating to our Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) transfer pricing dispute, including our estimate of the amount and timing of expected cash taxes and transfer pricing penalties

 

    our expectation related to annual cost reductions resulting from the full implementation of changes to our global marketing activities

 

    our 2017 consolidated outlook and the outlook for our uranium, fuel services and NUKEM segments for 2017

 

    our 2017 adjusted net earnings and cash from operations expectations
    our expectations for uranium deliveries, and average realized prices in the fourth quarter

 

    our expectation that there could be further variability in uranium production in the future if current market conditions continue

 

    our price sensitivity analysis for our uranium segment

 

    our expectation that existing cash balances and operating cash flows will meet our anticipated 2017 capital requirements

 

    our expectation that our operating and investment activities for the remainder of 2017 will not be constrained by the financial-related covenants in our unsecured revolving credit facility

 

    our future plans and expectations for each of our uranium operating properties and fuel services operating sites

 

    our expectations related to annual Rabbit Lake care and maintenance costs
 

 

Material risks

 

    actual sales volumes or market prices for any of our products or services are lower than we expect for any reason, including changes in market prices or loss of market share to a competitor

 

    we are adversely affected by changes in currency exchange rates, interest rates, royalty rates, or tax rates

 

    our production costs are higher than planned, or our cost reduction strategies are unsuccessful, or necessary supplies are not available, or not available on commercially reasonable terms

 

    our estimates of production, purchases, costs, care and maintenance, decommissioning or reclamation expenses, or our tax expense estimate prove to be inaccurate

 

    we are unable to enforce our legal rights under our existing agreements, permits or licences

 

    we are subject to litigation or arbitration that has an adverse outcome, including lack of success in our dispute with CRA or with TEPCO
    we are unsuccessful in our dispute with CRA and this results in significantly higher cash taxes, interest charges and penalties than the amount of our cumulative tax provision

 

    we are unable to utilize letters of credit to the extent anticipated in our dispute with CRA

 

    our 2017 adjusted net earnings estimate or cash flow estimate prove to be inaccurate

 

    there are defects in, or challenges to, title to our properties

 

    our mineral reserve and resource estimates are not reliable, or we face challenging or unexpected geological, hydrological or mining conditions

 

    we are affected by environmental, safety and regulatory risks, including increased regulatory burdens or delays
 

 

2    CAMECO CORPORATION


    the necessary permits or approvals from government authorities are not obtained or maintained, including the approvals necessary for closing of the 2016 JV Inkai Restructuring Agreement

 

    we are affected by political risks

 

    we are affected by terrorism, sabotage, blockades, civil unrest, social or political activism, accident or a deterioration in political support for, or demand for, nuclear energy

 

    we are impacted by changes in the regulation or public perception of the safety of nuclear power plants, which adversely affect the construction of new plants, the relicensing of existing plants and the demand for uranium

 

    there are changes to government regulations or policies that adversely affect us, including tax and trade laws and policies

 

    our uranium suppliers fail to fulfil delivery commitments or our uranium purchasers fail to fulfil purchase commitments

 

    our McArthur River, Cigar Lake, and/or Inkai development, mining or production plans are delayed or do not succeed for any reason

 

    any difficulties in milling of Cigar Lake ore at McClean Lake

 

    our expectations relating to Rabbit Lake care and maintenance costs prove to be inaccurate

 

    we are affected by natural phenomena, including inclement weather, fire, flood and earthquakes

 

    our operations are disrupted due to problems with our own or our suppliers’ or customers’ facilities, the unavailability of reagents, equipment, operating parts and supplies critical to production, equipment failure, lack of tailings capacity, labour shortages, labour relations issues, strikes or lockouts, underground floods, cave-ins, ground movements, tailings dam failures, transportation disruptions or accidents, unanticipated consequences of our cost reduction strategies, or other development and operating risks
 

 

Material assumptions

    our expectations regarding sales and purchase volumes and prices for uranium and fuel services, and that the counterparties to our sales and purchase agreements will honour their commitments

 

    our expectations regarding the demand for, and supply of, uranium, the pressure for a return to long-term contracting, the construction of new nuclear power plants and the relicensing of existing nuclear power plants not being more adversely affected than expected by changes in regulation or in the public perception of the safety of nuclear power plants

 

    our expected production levels and production costs

 

    our expectations regarding the success of our cost reduction strategies

 

    the assumptions regarding market conditions and other factors upon which we have based our capital expenditures expectations and our 2017 adjusted net earnings and 2017 cash from operations expectations

 

    that our 2017 adjusted net earnings and cash from operations will be as expected

 

    our expectations regarding spot prices and realized prices for uranium, and other factors discussed under the heading Price sensitivity analysis: uranium segment

 

    our assumptions regarding tax rates and payments, royalty rates, currency exchange rates and interest rates

 

    our expectations about the outcome of disputes with the CRA and with TEPCO

 

    the timing of the judge’s decision in the CRA trial and the TEPCO arbitration hearing

 

    we are able to utilize letters of credit to the extent anticipated in our dispute with CRA

 

    our decommissioning and reclamation expenses
    our mineral reserve and resource estimates, and the assumptions upon which they are based, are reliable

 

    our understanding of the geological, hydrological and other conditions at our mines

 

    our McArthur River, Cigar Lake, and Inkai development, mining and production plans succeed

 

    the McClean Lake mill is able to process Cigar Lake ore as expected

 

    that annual Rabbit Lake care and maintenance costs will be as expected

 

    our ability to continue to supply our products and services in the expected quantities and at the expected times

 

    our and our contractors’ ability to comply with current and future environmental, safety and other regulatory requirements, and to obtain and maintain required regulatory approvals, including approvals necessary to close the 2016 JV Inkai Restructuring Agreement

 

    our operations are not significantly disrupted as a result of political instability, nationalization, terrorism, sabotage, blockades, civil unrest, social or political activism, breakdown, natural disasters, governmental or political actions, litigation or arbitration proceedings, the unavailability of reagents, equipment, operating parts and supplies critical to production, equipment failure, labour shortages, labour relations issues, strikes or lockouts, underground floods, cave-ins, ground movements, tailings dam failures, lack of tailings capacity, transportation disruptions or accidents, unanticipated consequences of our cost reduction strategies, or other development or operating risks
 

 

2017 THIRD QUARTER REPORT    3


Our strategy

We are a pure-play nuclear fuel supplier, focused on taking advantage of the long-term growth we see coming in our industry, while maintaining the ability to respond to market conditions as they evolve. Our strategy is to focus on our tier-one assets and profitably produce at a pace aligned with market signals in order to increase long-term shareholder value, and to do that with an emphasis on safety, people and the environment.

In light of today’s oversupplied market and the lingering uncertainty as to how long the weak market conditions will persist, we are focussing our resources on our lowest cost assets, on maintaining a strong balance sheet, and on efficiently managing the company in a low price environment. We believe this approach provides us with the opportunity to meet rising demand with increased production from our best margin assets, and helps to mitigate risk during a prolonged period of uncertainty.

We plan to:

 

  ensure continued safe, reliable, low-cost production from our tier-one assets – McArthur River/Key Lake, Cigar Lake and Inkai

 

  complete rampup of production at Cigar Lake

 

  continue to evaluate all sources of supply and supply expansion opportunities in our portfolio, in order to retain the flexibility to respond to market signals and take advantage of value adding opportunities

 

  focus on maximizing margins through cost management, productivity improvements, and supply discipline

You can read more about our strategy in our 2016 annual MD&A.

Third quarter market update

There was little change in the market during the third quarter of 2017. During the largest annual industry symposium in September, discussions centred around the continued state of oversupply in the uranium market, risks to reactor construction programs, the potential impact of policy shifts by some governments, and risks to demand from non-nuclear electricity generating sources. Global demand expectations have come down, and the industry continues to work its way through supply that was incented during previous price spikes.

Longer term, uranium demand is backed by steady reactor growth with 56 reactors under construction. However, while under construction, these reactors are not yet consuming uranium. Therefore, there has not yet been a corresponding increase in uranium consumption.

With each new reactor, comes the long-term need for a safe and reliable source of uranium. And while the availability of pounds in the spot market has helped to satisfy the needs of utilities in the near term, the continued risk of production curtailments, financially distressed producers, lack of investment in new primary supply, declining secondary supplies, and growing uncovered requirements are expected to generate increasing pressure for fuel buyers to return to long-term contracting.

 

LOGO

 

4    CAMECO CORPORATION


Industry consultants now estimate that utilities’ cumulative uncovered requirements total over 600 million pounds over the next decade. We believe the reduction from the previous estimate of 800 million pounds is due to some limited contracting activity, delays in construction programs, early reactor retirements and project cancellations. Some of these requirements should return as delayed reactor construction is completed, however it is beyond the 2026 timeframe. As annual supply adjusts and uncovered requirements grow, we believe the pounds available in the spot market won’t be enough to satisfy the demand. The need to eventually contract for replacement volumes to fill these uncovered requirements will create opportunities for producers that can weather today’s low prices and provide a recovering market with uncommitted uranium from long-lived, tier-one assets.

 

 

Caution about forward-looking information relating to the nuclear industry

This discussion of our expectations for the nuclear industry, including its growth profile, future global uranium supply, demand, reactor growth, pressure for long-term contracting and utilities’ uncovered requirements is forward-looking information that is based upon the assumptions and subject to the material risks discussed under the heading Caution about forward-looking information beginning on page 2.

Industry prices at quarter end

 

     SEP 30
2017
     JUN 30
2017
     MAR 31
2017
     DEC 31
2016
     SEP 30
2016
     JUN 30
2016
 

Uranium ($US/lb U3O8)1

                 

Average spot market price

     20.33        20.15        23.88        20.25        23.00        26.70  

Average long-term price

     30.50        33.00        33.00        30.00        37.50        40.50  

Fuel services ($US/kgU as UF6)1

                 

Average spot market price

                 

North America

     4.55        5.13        5.93        5.93        5.93        6.75  

Europe

     4.93        5.50        6.45        6.45        6.45        7.25  

Average long-term price

                 

North America

     14.50        14.50        13.50        12.50        12.25        12.75  

Europe

     14.25        14.25        14.00        13.00        13.00        14.00  

Note: the industry does not publish UO2 prices.

1  Average of prices reported by TradeTech and Ux Consulting (UxC)

On the spot market, where purchases call for delivery within one year, the volume reported by Ux Consulting (UxC) for the third quarter of 2017 was approximately 12 million pounds, which is on par with the third quarter of 2016. Year to date, approximately 34 million pounds has been transacted in the spot market, compared to 31 million pounds in the first three quarters of 2016. At the end of the quarter, the average reported spot price was $20.33 (US) per pound, up $0.18 (US) from the previous quarter.

Long-term contracts usually call for deliveries to begin more than two years after the contract is finalized, and use a number of pricing formulas, including fixed prices escalated over the term of the contract, and market referenced prices (spot and long-term indicators) quoted near the time of delivery. The volume of long-term contracting reported by UxC for the first nine months of 2017 was approximately 63 million pounds. Although higher than the 38 million pounds reported over the same period in 2016, the volumes were still less than the quantities consumed, and remained largely discretionary due to currently high inventory levels. The average reported long-term price at the end of the quarter was $30.50 (US) per pound, down $2.50 (US) from last quarter.

Spot UF6 conversion prices declined in both the North American and European markets, while long-term UF6 conversion prices were unchanged for the quarter.

 

Shares and stock options outstanding

At October 26, 2017, we had:

 

    395,792,732 common shares and one Class B share outstanding

 

    8,411,384 stock options outstanding, with exercise prices ranging from $14.70 to $39.53

Dividend

Our board of directors has established a quarterly dividend of $0.10 ($0.40 per year) per common share. The dividend is reviewed quarterly based on our cash flow, earnings, financial position, strategy and other relevant factors.

 

 

2017 THIRD QUARTER REPORT    5


Also of note:

TEPCO DISPUTE

On the TEPCO dispute, the three arbitrators have been appointed and based on the current schedule set by them, we expect the case will be heard in the first quarter of 2019. However, the timing for a final decision will be dependent on how long the arbitrators deliberate following the conclusion of the hearing.

GLOBAL MARKETING CONSOLIDATION

In line with the other disciplined actions we have taken, we made some changes during the quarter to the way our global marketing activities are organized. All future Canadian and international marketing activities will be consolidated in Saskatoon. These actions are expected to reduce costs between $8 million and $10 million per year once fully implemented.

IMPAIRMENT

The changes to our global marketing organization significantly impacts the marketing activities historically performed by NUKEM. This required us to perform an impairment test on the NUKEM segment. As a result, we have recognized an impairment charge for the full carrying value of the goodwill of $111 million. See note 4 for more information.

 

6    CAMECO CORPORATION


Financial results

This section of our MD&A discusses our performance, financial condition and outlook for the future.

On February 1, 2017, we announced that on January 31, 2017, TEPCO, alleging force majeure, confirmed that it would not withdraw a contract termination notice it provided to Cameco Inc. with respect to a uranium supply agreement, which affects approximately 9.3 million pounds of uranium deliveries through 2028, worth approximately $1.3 billion in revenue to Cameco, including about $126 million in 2017. We see no basis for terminating the agreement. In this MD&A, our 2017 financial outlook and other disclosures relating to our contract portfolio are presented on a basis which excludes this agreement with TEPCO, which is under dispute.

Consolidated financial results

 

     THREE MONTHS            NINE MONTHS         
CONSOLIDATED HIGHLIGHTS    ENDED SEPTEMBER 30            ENDED SEPTEMBER 30         

($ MILLIONS EXCEPT WHERE INDICATED)

   2017     2016      CHANGE     2017     2016      CHANGE  

Revenue

     486       670        (27 )%      1,348       1,544        (13 )% 

Gross profit

     51       146        (65 )%      199       307        (35 )% 

Net earnings (losses) attributable to equity holders

     (124     142        >(100 %)      (143     83        >(100 %) 

$ per common share (basic)

     (0.31     0.36        >(100 %)      (0.36     0.21        >(100 %) 

$ per common share (diluted)

     (0.31     0.36        >(100 %)      (0.36     0.21        >(100 %) 

Adjusted net earnings (losses) (non-IFRS, see page 8)

     (50     118        >(100 %)      (122     54        >(100 %) 

$ per common share (adjusted and diluted)

     (0.13     0.30        >(100 %)      (0.31     0.14        >(100 %) 

Cash provided by operations (after working capital changes)

     154       385        (60 )%      276       57        >100

NET EARNINGS

The following table shows what contributed to the change in net earnings and adjusted net earnings (non-IFRS measure, see page 8) in the third quarter and the first nine months of 2017, compared to the same periods in 2016.

 

          THREE MONTHS      NINE MONTHS  
          ENDED SEPTEMBER 30      ENDED SEPTEMBER 30  

($ MILLIONS)

        IFRS      ADJUSTED      IFRS      ADJUSTED  

Net earnings – 2016

     142        118        83        54  
     

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Change in gross profit by segment

           

(We calculate gross profit by deducting from revenue the cost of products and services sold, and depreciation and amortization (D&A))

 

Uranium

  

Higher (lower) sales volume

     (2      (2      17        17  
  

Lower realized prices ($US)

     (131      (131      (243      (243
  

Foreign exchange impact on realized prices

     (4      (4      (7      (7
  

Lower costs

     35        35        111        111  
     

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
  

Change – uranium

     (102      (102      (122      (122
     

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fuel services

  

Lower sales volume

     (4      (4      (9      (9
  

Higher realized prices ($Cdn)

     13        13        34        34  
  

Higher costs

     (18      (18      (27      (27
     

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
  

Change – fuel services

     (9      (9      (2      (2
     

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

NUKEM

  

Gross profit

     14        14        10        16  
     

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
  

Change – NUKEM

     14        14        10        16  
     

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other changes

           

Lower (higher) administration expenditures

     (1      (1      26        26  

Lower (higher) impairment charges

     (111      —          13        —    

Lower exploration expenditures

     2        2        13        13  

Rabbit Lake reclamation provision

     3        —          9        —    

Loss (gain) on disposal of assets

     (1      (1      3        3  

Lower loss (lower gain) on derivatives

     34        21        (8      39  

Higher foreign exchange losses

     (30      (30      (16      (16

Gain on customer contract settlements in 2016

     (59      (59      (59      (59

Lower income tax recovery

     (7      (4      (97      (78

Other

     1        1        4        4  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net losses – 2017

     (124      (50      (143      (122
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

See Financial results by segment beginning on page 18 for more detailed discussion.

 

2017 THIRD QUARTER REPORT    7


ADJUSTED NET EARNINGS (NON-IFRS MEASURE)

Adjusted net earnings is a measure that does not have a standardized meaning or a consistent basis of calculation under IFRS (non-IFRS measure). We use this measure as a more meaningful way to compare our financial performance from period to period. We believe that, in addition to conventional measures prepared in accordance with IFRS, certain investors use this information to evaluate our performance. Adjusted net earnings is our net earnings attributable to equity holders, adjusted to better reflect the underlying financial performance for the reporting period. The adjusted earnings measure reflects the matching of the net benefits of our hedging program with the inflows of foreign currencies in the applicable reporting period, and has also been adjusted for NUKEM purchase price inventory adjustments, impairment charges, Rabbit Lake reclamation provisions, and income taxes on adjustments.

Adjusted net earnings is non-standard supplemental information and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for financial information prepared according to accounting standards. Other companies may calculate this measure differently, so you may not be able to make a direct comparison to similar measures presented by other companies.

The following table reconciles 2017 adjusted net earnings for the third quarter and for the first nine months with our net earnings for the same periods.

 

     THREE MONTHS      NINE MONTHS  
     ENDED SEPTEMBER 30      ENDED SEPTEMBER 30  

($ MILLIONS)

   2017      2016      2017      2016  

Net earnings (losses) attributable to equity holders

     (124      142        (143      83  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Adjustments

           

Adjustments on foreign exchange derivatives

     (40      (27      (106      (153

NUKEM purchase price inventory adjustment

     —          —          —          (6

Impairment charges

     111        —          111        124  

Rabbit Lake reclamation provision

     (9      (6      (15      (6

Income taxes on adjustments

     12        9        31        12  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Adjusted net earnings (losses)

     (50      118        (122      54  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Quarterly trends

 

HIGHLIGHTS    2017     2016     2015  

($ MILLIONS EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

   Q3     Q2     Q1     Q4     Q3      Q2     Q1     Q4  

Revenue

     486       470       393       887       670        466       408       975  

Net earnings (losses) attributable to equity holders

     (124     (2     (18     (144     142        (137     78       (10

$ per common share (basic)

     (0.31     (0.00     (0.05     (0.36     0.36        (0.35     0.20       (0.03

$ per common share (diluted)

     (0.31     (0.00     (0.05     (0.36     0.36        (0.35     0.20       (0.03

Adjusted net earnings (losses) (non-IFRS, see page 8)

     (50     (44     (29     90       118        (57     (7     151  

$ per common share (adjusted and diluted)

     (0.13     (0.11     (0.07     0.23       0.30        (0.14     (0.02     0.38  

Cash provided by (used in) operations (after working capital changes)

     154       130       (8     255       385        (51     (277     503  

Key things to note:

 

    our financial results are strongly influenced by the performance of our uranium segment, which accounted for 79% of consolidated revenues in the third quarter of 2017

 

    the timing of customer requirements, which tend to vary from quarter to quarter, drives revenue in the uranium and fuel services segments, meaning quarterly results are not necessarily a good indication of annual results due to seasonal variability

 

    net earnings do not trend directly with revenue due to unusual items and transactions that occur from time to time. We use adjusted net earnings, a non-IFRS measure, as a more meaningful way to compare our results from period to period (see page 8 for more information).

 

    cash from operations tends to fluctuate as a result of the timing of deliveries and product purchases in our uranium and fuel services segments

 

8    CAMECO CORPORATION


The following table compares the net earnings and adjusted net earnings for the third quarter to the previous seven quarters.

 

HIGHLIGHTS    2017     2016     2015  

($ MILLIONS EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

   Q3     Q2     Q1     Q4     Q3     Q2     Q1     Q4  

Net earnings (losses) attributable to equity holders

     (124     (2     (18     (144     142       (137     78       (10
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjustments

                

Adjustments on foreign exchange derivatives

     (40     (44     (22     23       (27     (10     (116     10  

NUKEM purchase price inventory adjustment

     —         —         —         —         —         (6     —         —    

Impairment charges

     111       —         —         238       —         124       —         210  

Rabbit Lake reclamation provision

     (9     (12     6       (28     (6     —         —         —    

Income taxes on adjustments

     12       14       5       1       9       (28     31       (59
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted net earnings (losses) (non-IFRS, see page 8)

     (50     (44     (29     90       118       (57     (7     151  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Corporate expenses

ADMINISTRATION

 

     THREE MONTHS
ENDED SEPTEMBER 30
           NINE MONTHS
ENDED SEPTEMBER 30
        

($ MILLIONS)

   2017      2016      CHANGE     2017      2016      CHANGE  

Direct administration

     38        39        (3 )%      116        145        (20 )% 

Stock-based compensation

     2        —          —         9        6        50
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total administration

     40        39        3     125        151        (17 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Direct administration costs were $1 million lower for the third quarter of 2017 compared to the same period last year. Included in the current quarter are $5 million in one-time costs related to the changes made to the way our global marketing activities are organized. These actions are expected to reduce costs between $8 million and $10 million per year once fully implemented.

Direct administration costs were $29 million lower for the first nine months. The decrease was mainly due to higher costs in 2016 related to:

 

    one-time costs related to collaboration agreements

 

    charges related to the consolidation of office space

 

    legal costs as our CRA dispute progressed towards trial

 

    restructuring of our NUKEM segment,

In addition, some of the actions we took in 2016 to reduce our costs resulted in lower costs in the first nine months of 2017. The decrease was partially offset by the charges related to the reorganization of our global marketing activities.

EXPLORATION

In the third quarter, uranium exploration expenses were $8 million, a decrease of $2 million compared to the third quarter of 2016. Exploration expenses for the first nine months of the year decreased by $13 million compared to 2016, to $24 million, due to a planned reduction in expenditures.

INCOME TAXES

We recorded an income tax recovery of $3 million in the third quarter of 2017, compared to a recovery of $10 million in the third quarter of 2016.

On an adjusted basis, we recorded an income tax recovery of $15 million this quarter compared to a recovery of $19 million in the third quarter of 2016, primarily due to a change in the distribution of earnings among jurisdictions. In 2017, we recorded losses of $31 million in Canada compared to losses of $121 million in 2016, while we recorded losses of $34 million in foreign jurisdictions compared to earnings of $221 million last year.

In the first nine months of 2017, we recorded an income tax expense of $31 million compared to a recovery of $66 million in 2016.

 

2017 THIRD QUARTER REPORT    9


On an adjusted basis, we recorded an income tax recovery of $1 million for the first nine months compared to a recovery of $79 million in 2016 due to a change in the distribution of earnings among foreign jurisdictions in 2017 and a change in the Saskatchewan corporate tax rate. In 2017, we recorded losses of $27 million in Canada compared to losses of $371 million in 2016, while we recorded losses of $95 million in foreign jurisdictions compared to earnings of $349 million last year.

 

     THREE MONTHS      NINE MONTHS  
     ENDED SEPTEMBER 30      ENDED SEPTEMBER 30  

($ MILLIONS)

   2017      2016      2017      2016  

Pre-tax adjusted earnings1

           

Canada

     (31      (121      (27      (371

Foreign

     (34      221        (95      349  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total pre-tax adjusted earnings

     (65      100        (122      (22
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Adjusted income taxes1

           

Canada

     (9      (28      10        (96

Foreign

     (6      9        (11      17  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Adjusted income tax recovery

     (15      (19      (1      (79
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

1  Pre-tax adjusted earnings and adjusted income taxes are non-IFRS measures. Our IFRS-based measures have been adjusted by the amounts reflected in the table in adjusted net earnings (non-IFRS measure on page 8).

TRANSFER PRICING DISPUTES

We have been reporting on our transfer pricing disputes with CRA since 2008, when it originated, and with the IRS since the first quarter of 2015. We have now settled our IRS dispute related to the 2009 through 2012 tax years, and in the third quarter we paid $198,000 (US) comprised of $122,000 (US) taxes owing plus interest.

Below, we discuss the general nature of transfer pricing disputes and, more specifically, the ongoing disputes we have.

Transfer pricing is a complex area of tax law, and it is difficult to predict the outcome of cases like ours. However, tax authorities generally test two things:

 

    the governance (structure) of the corporate entities involved in the transactions

 

    the price at which goods and services are sold by one member of a corporate group to another

We have a global customer base and we established a marketing and trading structure involving foreign subsidiaries, including Cameco Europe Limited (CEL), which entered into various intercompany arrangements, including purchase and sale agreements, as well as uranium purchase and sale agreements with third parties. Cameco and its subsidiaries made reasonable efforts to put arm’s-length transfer pricing arrangements in place, and these arrangements expose the parties to the risks and rewards accruing to them under these contracts. The intercompany contract prices are generally comparable to those established in comparable contracts between arm’s-length parties entered into at that time.

For the years 2003 to 2011, CRA has shifted CEL’s income (as recalculated by CRA) back to Canada and applied statutory tax rates, interest and instalment penalties, and, from 2007 to 2011, transfer pricing penalties. Taxes of approximately $350 million for the 2003 – 2016 years have already been paid in a jurisdiction outside Canada, and we are considering our options under bilateral international tax treaties to limit double taxation of this income. There is a risk that we will not be successful in eliminating all potential double taxation. The expected income adjustments under our CRA tax dispute are represented by the amounts claimed by CRA and are described below.

CRA dispute

Since 2008, CRA has disputed our corporate structure and the related transfer pricing methodology we used for certain intercompany uranium sale and purchase agreements. To date, we received notices of reassessment for our 2003 through 2011 tax returns. We have recorded a cumulative tax provision of $56 million, where an argument could be made that, based on our methodology, our transfer price may have fallen outside of an appropriate range of pricing in uranium contracts for the period from 2003 through September 30, 2017. We are confident that we will be successful in our case and continue to believe the ultimate resolution of this matter will not be material to our financial position, results of operations and cash flows in the year(s) of resolution.

 

10    CAMECO CORPORATION


For the years 2003 through 2011, CRA issued notices of reassessment for approximately $4.1 billion of additional income for Canadian tax purposes, which would result in a related tax expense of about $1.2 billion. CRA has also issued notices of reassessment for transfer pricing penalties for the years 2007 through 2011 in the amount of $371 million. The Canadian income tax rules include provisions that require larger companies like us to remit or otherwise secure 50% of the cash tax plus related interest and penalties at the time of reassessment. To date, under these provisions, after applying elective deductions, we have paid a net amount of $303 million in cash. In addition, we have provided $421 million in letters of credit (LC) to secure 50% of the cash taxes and related interest amounts reassessed after 2014. The amounts paid or secured are shown in the table below.

 

YEAR PAID ($ MILLIONS)

   CASH TAXES      INTEREST
AND INSTALMENT
PENALTIES
     TRANSFER
PRICING
PENALTIES
     TOTAL      CASH
REMITTANCE
     SECURED BY
LC
 

Prior to 2014

     1        22        36        59        59        —    

2014

     106        47               153        153         

2015

     202        71        79        352        20        332  

2016

     51        38        31        120        32        88  

2017

            1        39        40        39        1  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     360        179        185        724        303        421  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Using the methodology we believe CRA will continue to apply, and including the $4.1 billion already reassessed, we expect to receive notices of reassessment for a total of approximately $8.1 billion of additional income taxable in Canada for the years 2003 through 2016, which would result in a related tax expense of approximately $2.4 billion. As well, CRA may continue to apply transfer pricing penalties to taxation years subsequent to 2011. As a result, we estimate that cash taxes and transfer pricing penalties for these years would be between $1.75 billion and $1.95 billion. In addition, we estimate there would be interest and instalment penalties applied that would be material to us. While in dispute, we would be responsible for remitting or otherwise providing security for 50% of the cash taxes and transfer pricing penalties (between $875 million and $975 million), plus related interest and instalment penalties assessed, which would be material to us.

Under the Canadian federal and provincial tax rules, the amount required to be paid or secured each year will depend on the amount of income reassessed in that year and the availability of elective deductions and tax loss carryovers. CRA has decided to disallow the use of any loss carry-backs for any transfer pricing adjustment, starting with the 2008 tax year. This does not impact the anticipated income tax expense for a particular year, but does impact the timing of any required security or payment. As noted above, beginning with the 2010 tax year, as an alternative to paying cash, we used letters of credit to satisfy our obligations related to the reassessed income tax and related interest amounts. We believe we will be able to continue to provide security in the form of letters of credit to satisfy these requirements. The estimated amounts summarized in the table below reflect actual amounts paid or secured and estimated future amounts owing based on the actual and expected reassessments for the years 2003 through 2016, and include the expected timing adjustment for the inability to use any loss carry-backs starting in 2008. We will update this table annually to include the estimated impact of reassessments expected for completed years subsequent to 2016.

 

$ MILLIONS

   2003-2016      2017-2018      2019-2023      TOTAL  

50% of cash taxes and transfer pricing penalties paid, secured or owing in the period

 

Cash payments

     187        65 -90        145 - 170        390 - 445  

Securedby letters of credit

     319        10 - 35        150 - 175        480 - 530  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total paid1

     506        75 - 125        295 - 345        875 - 975  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

1 These amounts do not include interest and instalment penalties, which totaled approximately $179 million to September 30, 2017.

In light of our view of the likely outcome of the case as described above, we expect to recover the amounts remitted, including the $724 million already paid or otherwise secured to date.

We expect that the total cost of disputing the CRA reassessments and presenting our appeal in Tax Court will be about $57 million. This estimated amount includes legal fees, expert witness fees, consultant fees, filing expenses, and other costs related to the case, from the time we started specifically tracking such costs in 2009, through 2017, the largest expenditures having been incurred in 2016 as we prepared for trial and began the court proceedings. If the decision of the Tax Court is appealed, additional costs will be incurred.

 

2017 THIRD QUARTER REPORT    11


The trial for the 2003, 2005 and 2006 tax years concluded on September 13, 2017 and we expect to receive a Tax Court decision within six to 18 months. Once the decision is issued, the rules that apply to our case permit either party to appeal the Tax Court decision to the Federal Court of Appeal. The decision of the Federal Court of Appeal can be appealed to the Supreme Court of Canada, but only if the Supreme Court agrees to hear the appeal. An appeal of a Tax Court of Canada decision to the Federal Court of Appeal must be filed within 30 days after the issuance of a Tax Court decision (excluding the months of July and August). The request to appeal a decision of the Federal Court of Appeal to the Supreme Court of Canada must be made within 60 days of issuance of a Federal Court of Appeal decision.

In the event that either party appeals the Tax Court decision, we anticipate that it would take about two years from the date the Tax Court decision is issued to receive a decision from the Federal Court of Appeal. If a further appeal is pursued, it would likely take about two years from the date the Federal Court of Appeal decision is issued to receive a decision from the Supreme Court of Canada.

The total tax amount reassessed for the 2003, 2005 and 2006 tax years was $11 million, and we remitted 50% of such amount at the time the reassessments were issued. In certain circumstances, including where neither party pursues an appeal of the Tax Court decision, CRA would issue revised reassessments for the 2003, 2005 and 2006 tax years that comply with the Tax Court decision. Following those reassessments, the corresponding tax payments or refunds, as applicable, plus interest, would be made or received, as applicable, within a reasonable period. Where one or more appeals are pursued by either party, reassessments might not be issued until after the decision on the final appeal is received. If the Tax Court decision results in an aggregate tax amount in excess of what we have already remitted, and we pursue an appeal of that decision, we may be required to remit additional cash tax amounts not exceeding the remaining unpaid portion of the original $11 million (plus interest) while that appeal is underway. Where the Tax Court decision results in a refund of the remitted portion of the original $11 million (with interest), we may not receive that refund until and unless the Tax Court decision is confirmed after the final appeal.

Once the Tax Court has delivered a decision for the 2003, 2005 and 2006 tax years we will consider how the decision relates to other years in issue (being 2004 and years subsequent to 2006). While the decision would not be legally binding for any year other than the trial years, we expect the ultimate decision for the trial years to be an important factor in resolving the dispute for the other years in issue.

 

 

Caution about forward-looking information relating to our CRA tax dispute

This discussion of our expectations relating to our tax dispute with CRA and future tax reassessments by CRA is forward-looking information that is based upon the assumptions and subject to the material risks discussed under the heading Caution about forward-looking information beginning on page 2 and also on the more specific assumptions and risks listed below. Actual outcomes may vary significantly.

 

Assumptions

 

  CRA will reassess us for the years 2012 through 2016 using a similar methodology as for the years 2003 through 2011, and the reassessments will be issued on the basis we expect

 

  we will be able to apply elective deductions and utilize letters of credit to the extent anticipated

 

  CRA will seek to impose transfer pricing penalties (in a manner consistent with penalties charged in the years 2007 through 2011) in addition to interest charges and instalment penalties

 

  we will be substantially successful in our dispute with CRA and the cumulative tax provision of $56 million to date will be adequate to satisfy any tax liability resulting from the outcome of the dispute to date

Material risks that could cause actual results to differ materially

 

  CRA reassesses us for years 2012 through 2016 using a different methodology than for years 2003 through 2011, or we are unable to utilize elective deductions or letters of credit to the extent anticipated, resulting in the required cash payments or security provided to CRA pending the outcome of the dispute being higher than expected

 

  the time lag for the reassessments for each year is different than we currently expect

 

  we are unsuccessful and the outcome of our dispute with CRA results in significantly higher cash taxes, interest charges and penalties than the amount of our cumulative tax provision, which could have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, financial position, results of operations and cash flows

 

  cash tax payable increases due to unanticipated adjustments by CRA not related to transfer pricing

 

  we are unable to effectively eliminate all double taxation
 

 

12    CAMECO CORPORATION


FOREIGN EXCHANGE

The exchange rate between the Canadian dollar and US dollar affects the financial results of our uranium and fuel services segments. See Revenue, adjusted net earnings, and cash flow sensitivity analysis on page 15 for more information on how a change in the exchange rate will impact our revenue, cash flow, and adjusted net earnings (ANE) (see Non-IFRS measures on page 8).

We sell the majority of our uranium and fuel services products under long-term sales contracts, which are routinely denominated in US dollars, while our production costs are largely denominated in Canadian dollars. To provide cash flow predictability, we hedge a portion of our net US/Cdn exposure (e.g. total US dollar sales less US dollar expenditures and product purchases) to manage shorter term exchange rate volatility. Our results are therefore affected by the movements in the exchange rate on our hedge portfolio, and on the unhedged portion of our net exposure.

Impact of hedging on IFRS earnings

We do not use hedge accounting under IFRS and, therefore, we are required to report gains and losses on all hedging activity, both for contracts that close in the period and those that remain outstanding at the end of the period. For the contracts that remain outstanding, we must treat them as though they were settled at the end of the reporting period (mark-to-market).

However, we do not believe the gains and losses that we are required to report under IFRS appropriately reflect the intent of our hedging activities, so we make adjustments in calculating our ANE to better reflect the benefits of our hedging program in the applicable reporting period.

Impact of hedging on ANE

The table below provides a summary of our hedge portfolio at September 30, 2017. You can use this information to estimate the expected gains or losses on derivatives for the remainder of 2017 on an ANE basis. However, if we add contracts to the portfolio that are designated for use in 2017 or if there are changes in the US/Cdn exchange rates in the year, those expected gains or losses could change.

You can read more about our hedging program in our 2016 annual MD&A.

HEDGE PORTFOLIO SUMMARY

 

SEPTEMBER 30, 2017

($ MILLIONS)

        20171     2018     2019     AFTER
2019
    TOTAL  

US dollar forward contracts

        150       320       70       40       580  

Average contract rate 2

   (US/Cdn dollar)      1.28       1.31       1.31       1.27       1.30  

US dollar option contracts

        30       105       120       10       265  

Average contract rate range2

   (US/Cdn dollar)      1.33 to 1.37       1.29 to 1.33       1.27 to 1.33       1.31 to 1.35       1.28 to 1.33  

Total US dollar hedge contracts

        180       425       190       50       845  

Effective hedge rate range3

   (US/Cdn dollar)      1.26 to 1.27       1.23 to 1.24       1.25 to 1.29       1.28 to 1.29       1.24 to 1.26  

Hedge ratio4

        51     41     17     4     16

 

1  Represents hedge contracts for the remainder of the year. See 2017 Financial Outlook for the full-year expected gain/loss on derivatives on an adjusted net earnings basis.
2  The average contract rate is the average of the rates stipulated in the outstanding contracts.
3  The effective hedge rate is the exchange rate on the original hedge contract at the time it was established and designated for use. Therefore the effective hedge rate range shown reflects an average of contract exchange rates at the time of designation.
4  Hedge ratio is calculated by dividing the amount (in foreign currency) of outstanding derivative contracts by estimated future net exposures.

At September 30, 2017:

 

    The value of the US dollar relative to the Canadian dollar was $1.00 (US) for $1.25 (Cdn), down from $1.00 (US) for $1.30 (Cdn) at June 30, 2017. The exchange rate averaged $1.00 (US) for $1.25 (Cdn) over the quarter.

 

    The mark-to-market gain on all foreign exchange contracts was $43 million compared to an $18 million gain at June 30, 2017.

For information on the impact of foreign exchange on our intercompany balances, see note 16 to the financial statements.

 

2017 THIRD QUARTER REPORT    13


Outlook for 2017

Our outlook for 2017 reflects the expenditures necessary to help us achieve our strategy and is based on the assumptions found below the table, including a given uranium spot price, uranium term price, and foreign exchange rate. For more information on how changes in the exchange rate or uranium prices can impact our outlook see Revenue, adjusted net earnings, and cash flow sensitivity analysis on page 15, and Foreign exchange on page 13. Our 2017 financial outlook, and other disclosures relating to our contract portfolio, have been presented on a basis that excludes our contract with TEPCO, which is under dispute.

Our outlook for uranium production, uranium sales volume, uranium revenue, uranium average realized price, uranium average unit cost of sales, consolidated tax expense, and capital expenditures has changed. We do not provide an outlook for the items in the table that are marked with a dash.

See 2017 Financial results by segment on page 18 for details.

2017 FINANCIAL OUTLOOK

 

     CONSOLIDATED      URANIUM      FUEL SERVICES      NUKEM  

EXPECTED CONTRIBUTION TO

GROSS PROFIT

   100%      85%      14%      1%  
           

Production

     —         

24.0

million lbs

 

 

    

8 to 9

million kgU

 

 

     —    

Sales/delivery volume1

     —         

32 to 33

million lbs

 

2 

    

11 to 12

million kgU

 

 

    

8 to 9

million lbs U3O8

 

 

Revenue ($ million)1

     2,100 to 2,270        1,520 to 1,570 3       300 to 330        —    

Average realized price3

     —        $ 47.50/lb 2       —          —    

Average unit cost of sales (including D&A)

     —        $ 35.00-36.00/lb 4     $ 21.60-22.60/kgU        —    

Gross profit5

     —          —          —          3% to 4

Direct administration costs6

   $ 150-160 million        —          —          —    

Exploration costs

     —        $ 30 million        —          —    

Expected loss on derivatives - ANE basis3

   $ 45-50 million        —          —          —    

Tax expense - ANE basis7

   < $ 10 million        —          —          —    

Capital expenditures8

   $ 160 million        —          —          —    

 

1  Our 2017 outlook for sales/delivery volume and revenue does not include sales between our uranium, fuel services and NUKEM segments.
2  Our uranium sales/delivery volume is based on the volumes we currently have commitments to deliver under contract in 2017.
3  Based on a uranium spot price of $20.25 (US) per pound (the UxC spot price as of September 30, 2017), a long-term price indicator of $31.00 (US) per pound (the UxC long-term indicator on September 30, 2017) and an exchange rate of $1.00 (US) for $1.25 (Cdn).
4  Based on the expected unit cost of sale for produced material and committed long-term purchases. If we make discretionary purchases in the remainder of 2017, then we expect the overall unit cost of sales may be affected.
5  Gross profit excludes inventory write-downs to reflect net realizable value.
6  Direct administration costs do not include stock-based compensation expenses. See page 9 for more information.
7  Our outlook for the tax expense is based on adjusted net earnings and the other assumptions listed in the table. If other assumptions change then the expected expense may be affected.
8  Capital expenditures do not include adjustments for revenue from sales of pre-commercial production.

Based on the outlook provided in the table and the assumptions for uranium prices and foreign exchange rates used in and listed below the table, and as we reported in the second quarter, we continue to expect 2017 adjusted net earnings to be weaker than in 2016. However, we continue to expect cash from operations to be higher in 2017 than the $312 million reported in 2016. This is forward looking information that is based on the additional assumptions and subject to the material risks discussed under the heading Caution about forward looking information beginning on page 2.

 

14    CAMECO CORPORATION


Our outlook range for uranium revenue has been updated to $1,520 million to $1,570 million (previously $1,470 million to $1,570 million) as a result of additional certainty on deliveries and increased sales volumes. Sales volumes for uranium are now expected to be 32 million to 33 million lbs (previously 30 million to 32 million lbs) as a consequence of some contract optimization opportunities, whereby we accelerated some deliveries into 2017.

We now expect an annual average realized price of $47.50 per pound (previously $49.00 per pound) in our uranium segment for 2017, as a result of the revised US dollar exchange rate assumption of 1.25 (previously 1.30). Our Canadian dollar realized prices for the first nine months of 2017 were $44.86 per pound, which translates to an expectation of higher prices on deliveries in the fourth quarter.

Average unit cost of sales (including D&A) in our uranium segment is now expected to be $35.00 to $36.00 per pound (previously $36.00 to $38.00 per pound). The reduction is a result of purchase deferrals in 2017 and the impact of the revised US dollar exchange rate assumption of 1.25 (previously 1.30), partially offset by increased unit production costs due to a decrease in expected uranium production.

Uranium production is now expected to be 24 million pounds (previously 25.2 million pounds) due to production delays at Key Lake caused by work required on the existing calciner circuit and lower production than expected at Smith Ranch-Highland. Given our inventory position, we are willing to accept some variability in 2017 production, and expect there could be further variability in the future if current market conditions continue. However, we won’t compromise safety, the environment, or the long-term health of the company.

We now expect a tax expense on an adjusted net earnings basis of less than $10 million (previously $10 million to $20 million) due to a changes in our outlook noted above. However, on October 25, 2017, in its throne speech, the Saskatchewan government announced that it would reverse a previously enacted corporate tax decrease. If this change is substantively enacted before the end of 2017, we will reverse the corresponding reduction to the deferred tax asset we recorded in the second quarter of this year with the expected effect of decreasing our 2017 tax expense by $24 million.

Our outlook for capital expenditures has decreased to $160 million (previously $175 million) due to a further reduction in spending at both McArthur River and Cigar Lake.

In our uranium and fuel services segments, our customers choose when in the year to receive deliveries, so our quarterly delivery patterns, sales/delivery volumes and revenue can vary significantly. We are on track for our uranium sales/delivery targets in 2017 and, therefore expect to deliver between 11 million and 12 million pounds in the fourth quarter.

REVENUE, ADJUSTED NET EARNINGS, AND CASH FLOW SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS

 

FOR 2017 ($ MILLIONS)

        IMPACT ON:  
  

CHANGE

   REVENUE      ANE      CASH FLOW  

Uranium spot and term price1

   $5(US)/lb increase      2        1        1  
   $5(US)/lb decrease      —          —          —    

Value of Canadian dollar vs US dollar

   One cent decrease in CAD      6        3        3  
   One cent increase in CAD      (6      (3      (3

 

1  Assuming change in both UxC spot price ($20.25 (US) per pound on September 30, 2017) and the UxC long-term price indicator ($31.00 (US) per pound on September 30, 2017)

PRICE SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS: URANIUM SEGMENT

The following table is not a forecast of prices we expect to receive. The prices we actually realize will be different from the prices shown in the table. It is designed to indicate how the portfolio of long-term contracts we had in place on September 30, 2017 would respond to different spot prices. In other words, we would realize these prices only if the contract portfolio remained the same as it was on September 30, 2017 and none of the assumptions we list below change.

We intend to update this table each quarter in our MD&A to reflect changes to our contract portfolio. As a result, we expect the table to change from quarter to quarter.

 

2017 THIRD QUARTER REPORT    15


Expected realized uranium price sensitivity under various spot price assumptions

 

(rounded to the nearest $1.00)

 

 

SPOT PRICES                                                 

($US/lb U3O8)

   $20      $40      $60      $80      $100      $120      $140  

2017

     Provided in financial outlook table and in revenue, adjusted net earnings, and cash flow sensitivity analysis  

2018

     36        44        55        65        75        84        91  

2019

     32        42        55        65        74        81        87  

2020

     32        42        55        65        74        81        87  

2021

     30        42        57        67        76        84        92  

The table illustrates the mix of long -term contracts in our September 30, 2017 portfolio, and is consistent with our marketing strategy. It has been updated to reflect contracts entered into up to September 30, 2017, and it excludes our contract under dispute with TEPCO.

Our portfolio includes a mix of fixed -price and market-related contracts, which we target at a 40:60 ratio. Those that are fixed at higher prices or have high floor prices will yield prices that are higher than current market prices.

 

 

Our portfolio is affected by more than just the spot price. We made the following assumptions (which are not forecasts) to create the table:

 

Sales

 

    sales volumes on average of 26 million pounds per year, with commitment levels in 2017 through 2019 higher than in 2020 and 2021

 

    excludes sales between our uranium, fuel services and NUKEM segments

 

    excludes the contract under dispute with TEPCO

Deliveries

 

    deliveries include best estimates of requirements contracts and contracts with volume flex provisions

 

Annual inflation

 

    is 2.5% in the US

Prices

 

    the average long-term price indicator is the same as the average spot price for the entire year (a simplified approach for this purpose only). Since 1996, the long-term price indicator has averaged 20% higher than the spot price. This differential has varied significantly. Assuming the long-term price is at a premium to spot, the prices in the table will be higher.
 

 

Liquidity and capital resources

Our financial objective is to ensure we have the cash and debt capacity to fund our operating activities, investments and growth.

We have large, creditworthy customers that continue to need uranium even during weak economic conditions, and we expect the uranium contract portfolio we have built to provide a solid revenue stream for years to come.

We expect to continue investing in maintaining our tier-one production capacity and flexibility over the next several years. We have a number of alternatives to fund future capital requirements, including using our operating cash flow, drawing on our existing credit facilities, entering new credit facilities, and raising additional capital through debt or equity financings. We are always considering our financing options so we can take advantage of favourable market conditions when they arise. We expect our cash balances and operating cash flows to meet our capital requirements during 2017.

We have an ongoing transfer pricing dispute with CRA. See page 10 for more information. Until this dispute is resolved, we expect to pay cash or provide security in the form of letters of credit for future amounts owing to the Government of Canada for 50% of the cash taxes payable and the related interest and penalties. We have provided an estimate of the amount and timing of the expected cash taxes and transfer pricing penalties paid, secured or owing in the table on page 11.

CASH FROM/USED IN OPERATIONS

Cash provided by operations was $231 million lower this quarter than in the third quarter of 2016. Contributing to this change were lower gross profits in our operating segments and an increase in income taxes paid. In addition, there was an increase in working capital requirements, which provided $45 million less in 2017 than in 2016. Not including working capital requirements, our operating cash flows this quarter were lower by $186 million.

 

16    CAMECO CORPORATION


Cash provided by operations was $219 million higher in the first nine months of 2017 than for the same period in 2016 due largely to a decrease in working capital requirements. This was a result of a decrease in inventory compared to an increase in 2016. Working capital required $224 million less in 2017. In addition, while we had lower gross profits in our operating segments, less cash was required by our hedge portfolio as derivative contracts matured and cost reduction measures resulted in a lower use of cash. Not including working capital requirements, our operating cash flows in the first nine months were lower by $5 million.

FINANCING ACTIVITIES

We use debt to provide additional liquidity. We have sufficient borrowing capacity with unsecured lines of credit totalling about $2.9 billion at September 30, 2017, down from $3.0 billion at June 30, 2017. At September 30, 2017, we had approximately $1.5 billion outstanding in letters of credit, unchanged from December 31, 2016. At September 30, 2017, we had no short-term debt outstanding on our $1.25 billion unsecured revolving credit facility, unchanged from December 31, 2016, and during the quarter, we extended the maturity date of the facility from November 1, 2020 to November 1, 2021. During the quarter, NUKEM’s 75 million (€) multicurrency revolving loan facility was cancelled.

Long-term contractual obligations

Since December 31, 2016, there have been no material changes to our long-term contractual obligations. Please see our 2016 annual MD&A for more information.

Debt covenants

We are bound by certain covenants in our unsecured revolving credit facility. The financially related covenants place restrictions on total debt, including guarantees. As at September 30, 2017, we met these financial covenants and do not expect our operating and investment activities for the remainder of 2017 to be constrained by them.

NUKEM financing arrangements

NUKEM enters into financing arrangements with third parties where future receivables arising from certain sales contracts are sold to financial institutions in exchange for cash. These arrangements require NUKEM to satisfy its delivery obligations under the sales contracts, which are recognized as deferred sales (see notes 4 and 6 to the financial statements for more information). In addition, NUKEM is required to pledge the underlying inventory as security against these performance obligations. As of September 30, 2017, we had $4.5 million ($3.6 million (US)) of inventory pledged as security under financing arrangements, compared with $4.9 million ($3.6 million (US)) at December 31, 2016.

OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

We had three kinds of off-balance sheet arrangements at September 30, 2017:

 

    purchase commitments

 

    financial assurances

 

    other arrangements

Purchase commitments

The following table is based on our purchase commitments in our uranium, fuel services, and NUKEM segments at September 30, 2017. These commitments include a mix of fixed-price and market-related contracts. Actual payments will be different as a result of changes to our purchase commitments and, in the case of contracts with market-related pricing, the market prices in effect at the time of delivery. We will update this table as required in our MD&A to reflect material changes to our purchase commitments and changes in the prices used to estimate our commitments under market-related contracts.

 

            2018 AND      2020 AND      2022 AND         

SEPTEMBER 30 ($ MILLIONS)

   2017      2019      2021      BEYOND      TOTAL  

Purchase commitments1

     270        474        124        49        917  

 

1  Denominated in US dollars, converted to Canadian dollars as of September 30, 2017 at the rate of $1.25.

As of September 30, 2017, we had commitments of about $917 million for the following:

 

    approximately 23 million pounds of U3O8 equivalent from 2017 to 2028

 

    approximately 2 million kgU as UF6 in conversion services from 2017 to 2019

 

    about 0.3 million Separative Work Units (SWU) of enrichment services to meet existing forward sales commitments under agreements with a non-Western supplier

 

2017 THIRD QUARTER REPORT    17


The suppliers do not have the right to terminate agreements other than pursuant to customary events of default provisions.

Financial assurances

At September 30, 2017, our financial assurances totalled $1.5 billion, unchanged from December 31, 2016.

Other arrangements

We continue to use factoring and other third party arrangements to manage short-term cash flow fluctuations. You can read more about these arrangements in our 2016 annual MD&A.

BALANCE SHEET

 

($ MILLIONS)

   SEP 30, 2017      DEC 31, 2016      CHANGE  

Cash and cash equivalents

     352        320        10

Total debt

     1,494        1,493        —    

Inventory

     1,119        1,288        (13 )% 

Total cash and cash equivalents at September 30, 2017 were $352 million, or 10% higher than at December 31, 2016, primarily due to cash from operations of $276 million, partially offset by capital expenditures of $89 million, dividend payments of $119 million, and interest payments of $49 million. Net debt at September 30, 2017 was $1,142 million.

Total product inventories decreased to $1,119 million, including NUKEM’s inventories ($115 million). Inventories decreased as sales were higher than production and purchases in the first nine months of the year and the average cost for uranium has decreased to $31.56 per pound compared to $34.69 per pound at December 31, 2016. As of September 30, 2017, we held an inventory of 27.6 million pounds of U3O8 equivalent in our uranium segment (excluding broken ore).

Financial results by segment

Uranium

 

          THREE MONTHS            NINE MONTHS         
          ENDED SEPTEMBER 30            ENDED SEPTEMBER 30         

HIGHLIGHTS

        2017      2016      CHANGE     2017      2016      CHANGE  

Production volume (million lbs)

        3.1        5.9        (47 )%      16.9        19.9        (15 )% 

Sales volume (million lbs)1

        9.2        9.3        (1 )%      21.0        19.9        6

Average spot price

   ($US/lb)      20.22        24.57        (18 )%      21.60        27.86        (22 )% 

Average long-term price

   ($US/lb)      31.33        37.83        (17 )%      32.33        41.06        (21 )% 

Average realized price

   ($US/lb)      32.42        43.37        (25 )%      34.15        42.92        (20 )% 
   ($Cdn/lb)      41.66        56.34        (26 )%      44.86        56.77        (21 )% 

Average unit cost of sales (including D&A)

   ($Cdn/lb)      36.12        39.97        (10 )%      36.32        41.63        (13 )% 

Revenue ($ millions)1

        385        526        (27 )%      943        1,129        (16 )% 

Gross profit ($ millions)

        51        153        (67 )%      179        301        (41 )% 

Gross profit (%)

        13        29        (55 )%      19        27        (30 )% 

 

1  There were no significant intersegment transactions in the periods shown.

THIRD QUARTER

Production volumes this quarter were 47% lower compared to the third quarter of 2016, mainly due to lower production from McArthur River/Key Lake and Cigar Lake due to the timing of planned maintenance and vacation shut downs. See Uranium 2017 Q3 updates starting on page 22 for more information.

Uranium revenues this quarter were down 27% compared to 2016 due to a decrease of 26% in the Canadian dollar average realized price and a decrease in sales volumes of 1%. The spot price for uranium averaged $20.22 (US) per pound in the third quarter of 2017, a decline of 18% compared to the 2016 third quarter average price of $24.57 (US) per pound. While our average realized price outperformed the market, it decreased by 26% compared to last year mainly due to the impact of the disputed TEPCO agreement and lower prices for uranium delivered under both fixed and market-related contracts.

 

18    CAMECO CORPORATION


Total cost of sales (including D&A) decreased by 10% ($334 million compared to $373 million in 2016) as a result of unit cost of sales that was 10% lower than the same period last year and a 1% decrease in sales volume. The decline in the unit cost of sales was due mainly to higher costs in 2016 at Rabbit Lake and in the US associated with curtailing production. In addition, the rampup of production at Cigar Lake, and the other measures we have taken to reduce costs, have resulted in lower production costs. The cost of our purchases have decreased as well.

The net effect was a $102 million decrease in gross profit for the quarter.

FIRST NINE MONTHS

Production volumes for the first nine months of the year were 15% lower than in the previous year mainly due to planned lower production from Inkai and our US operations, a lack of production from the suspended Rabbit Lake operation, and lower production from McArthur River/Key Lake due to the extended summer shut-down during the third quarter partially offset by higher production from Cigar Lake as a result of the scheduled rampup of the operation. See Uranium 2017 Q3 updates starting on page 22 for more information.

Uranium revenues decreased 16% compared to the first nine months of 2016 due to a 21% decrease in the Canadian dollar average realized price, partially offset by a 6% increase in sales volumes.

Our Canadian dollar realized prices for the first nine months of 2017 were lower than 2016, primarily as a result of the decrease in the US dollar average realized price. Pricing under our contract portfolio has been impacted by the disputed TEPCO agreement and weaker uranium prices than a year ago.

Total cost of sales (including D&A) decreased by 8% ($764 million compared to $828 million in 2016) mainly due to a 13% decrease in the unit cost of sales partially offset by a 6% increase in sales volume for the first nine months. The decrease in the unit cost of sales compared to last year was mainly due to higher costs in 2016 at Rabbit Lake and in the US associated with curtailing production. In addition, the rampup of production at Cigar Lake, and the other measures we have taken to reduce costs, have resulted in lower production costs this year. The cost of our purchases have decreased as well.

The net effect was a $122 million decrease in gross profit for the first nine months.

The table below shows the costs of produced and purchased uranium incurred in the reporting periods (which are non-IFRS measures, see the paragraphs below the table). These costs do not include care and maintenance costs, selling costs such as royalties, transportation and commissions, nor do they reflect the impact of opening inventories on our reported cost of sales.

 

     THREE MONTHS            NINE MONTHS         
     ENDED SEPTEMBER 30            ENDED SEPTEMBER 30         

($CDN/LB)

   2017      2016      CHANGE     2017      2016      CHANGE  

Produced

                

Cash cost

     24.40        16.31        50     15.90        17.72        (10 )% 

Non-cash cost

     16.33        13.07        25     11.53        12.18        (5 )% 

Total production cost

     40.73        29.38        39     27.43        29.90        (8 )% 

Quantity produced (million lbs)

     3.1        5.9        (47 )%      16.9        19.9        (15 )% 

Purchased

                

Cash cost

     36.83        39.91        (8 )%      39.75        48.91        (19 )% 

Quantity purchased (million lbs)

     0.5        0.5        0     3.0        6.2        (52 )% 

Totals

                

Produced and purchased costs

     40.19        30.20        33     29.29        34.42        (15 )% 

Quantities produced and purchased (million lbs)

     3.6        6.4        (44 )%      19.9        26.1        (24 )% 

The average cash cost of production was 50% higher for the quarter and 10% lower in the first nine months than in comparable periods in 2016. Cash cost in the quarter was impacted by lower production resulting from the planned shutdowns at McArthur River/Key Lake and Cigar Lake. The decrease for the year was primarily due to the rampup of low-cost production from Cigar Lake, and the impact of our actions in 2016 to curtail production from Rabbit Lake and our US operations, where production costs were higher.

 

2017 THIRD QUARTER REPORT    19


Although purchased pounds are transacted in US dollars, we account for the purchases in Canadian dollars. In the third quarter, the average cash cost of purchased material was $36.83 (Cdn) per pound, or $29.20 (US) per pound in US dollar terms, compared to $30.75 (US) per pound in the third quarter of 2016. For the first nine months, the average cash cost of purchased material was $39.75 (Cdn), or $30.19 (US) per pound, compared to $35.70 (US) per pound in the same period in 2016.

Cash cost per pound, non-cash cost per pound and total cost per pound for produced and purchased uranium presented in the above table are non-IFRS measures. These measures do not have a standardized meaning or a consistent basis of calculation under IFRS. We use these measures in our assessment of the performance of our uranium business. We believe that, in addition to conventional measures prepared in accordance with IFRS, certain investors use this information to evaluate our performance and ability to generate cash flow.

These measures are non-standard supplemental information and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for measures of performance prepared according to accounting standards. These measures are not necessarily indicative of operating profit or cash flow from operations as determined under IFRS. Other companies may calculate these measures differently, so you may not be able to make a direct comparison to similar measures presented by other companies.

To facilitate a better understanding of these measures, the following table presents a reconciliation of these measures to our unit cost of sales for the third quarter and the first nine months of 2017 and 2016.

Cash and total cost per pound reconciliation

 

     THREE MONTHS      NINE MONTHS  
     ENDED SEPTEMBER 30      ENDED SEPTEMBER 30  

($ MILLIONS)

   2017      2016      2017      2016  

Cost of product sold

     250.5        285.7        591.4        654.6  

Add / (subtract)

           

Royalties

     (23.0      (37.4      (46.2      (77.3

Care and maintenance costs

     (8.0      (20.1      (28.9      (58.8

Other selling costs

     (2.8      (5.6      (5.7      (8.5

Change in inventories

     (122.6      (106.4      (122.6      145.9  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash operating costs (a)

     94.1        116.2        388.0        655.9  

Add / (subtract)

           

Depreciation and amortization

     83.2        87.6        172.2        173.1  

Change in inventories

     (32.6      (10.5      22.6        69.3  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating costs (b)

     144.7        193.3        582.8        898.3  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Uranium produced & purchased (million lbs) (c)

     3.6        6.4        19.9        26.1  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash costs per pound (a ÷ c)

     26.14        18.16        19.50        25.13  

Total costs per pound (b ÷ c)

     40.19        30.20        29.29        34.42  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fuel services

(includes results for UF6, UO2 and fuel fabrication)

 

           THREE MONTHS            NINE MONTHS         
           ENDED SEPTEMBER 30            ENDED SEPTEMBER 30         

HIGHLIGHTS

         2017      2016      CHANGE     2017      2016      CHANGE  

Production volume (million kgU)

       0.6        0.6        —         5.4        6.5        (17 )% 

Sales volume (million kgU)1

       2.5        3.5        (29 )%      6.9        8.7        (21 )% 

Average realized price

   ($ Cdn/kgU     27.27        22.09        23     29.94        25.06        19

Average unit cost of sales (including D&A)

   ($ Cdn/kgU     25.84        18.62        39     23.83        19.98        19

Revenue ($ millions)1

       69        77        (10 )%      206        217        (5 )% 

Gross profit ($ millions)

       4        12        (67 )%      42        44        (5 )% 

Gross profit (%)

       6        16        (63 )%      20        20        —    

 

1  There were no significant intersegment transactions in the periods shown.

 

20    CAMECO CORPORATION


THIRD QUARTER

Total revenue for the third quarter of 2017 decreased to $69 million from $77 million for the same period last year. This was primarily due to a 29% decrease in sales volumes partially offset by a 23% increase in average realized price compared to 2016.

Despite the decrease in sales volume, the total cost of products and services sold (including D&A) remained unchanged at $65 million compared to the third quarter of 2016 due to an increase in the average unit cost of sales.

The net effect was an $8 million decrease in gross profit.

FIRST NINE MONTHS

In the first nine months of the year, total revenue decreased by 5% due to a 21% decrease in sales volumes, partially offset by a 19% increase in realized price that was the result of increased prices on the sale of UF6 and fabrication, and the mix of products sold.

The total cost of products and services sold (including D&A) decreased 5% ($164 million compared to $173 million in 2016) due to the 21% decrease in sales volume, partially offset by a 19% increase in the average unit cost of sales.

The net effect was a $2 million decrease in gross profit.

NUKEM

(financial results include U3O8, UF6, and SWU)

 

           THREE MONTHS
ENDED SEPTEMBER 30
          NINE MONTHS
ENDED SEPTEMBER 30
       

HIGHLIGHTS

         2017     2016     CHANGE     2017     2016     CHANGE  

Uranium sales (million lbs)1

       1.1       1.5       (27 )%      6.0       4.0       50

Average realized price

   ($ Cdn/lb     28.72       43.52       (34 )%      33.22       48.89       (32 )% 

Cost of product sold (including D&A)

       33       82       (60 )%      214       224       (4 )% 

Revenue ($ millions)1

       32       67       (52 )%      198       198       —    

Gross loss ($ millions)

       (1     (15     (93 )%      (16     (26     (38 )% 

Gross loss (%)

       (3     (22     (86 )%      (8     (13     (38 )% 

 

1  There were no significant intersegment transactions in the periods shown.

THIRD QUARTER

During the third quarter of 2017, NUKEM delivered 1.1 million pounds of uranium, a decrease of 27% from the same period last year due largely to a lack of acceptable spot sale opportunities relative to the same period in 2016. Total revenues decreased 52% due to the decrease in sales volume and a 34% decrease in average realized price. The decrease in realized price was mainly the result of a lower uranium spot price compared to the third quarter of 2016.

NUKEM recorded a gross loss of $1 million in the third quarter of 2017 compared to $15 million in 2016. In 2016, a net write-down of inventory of $12 million was recorded which was the result of a decline in the spot price. The net write-down in 2017 was nil.

FIRST NINE MONTHS

During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, NUKEM delivered 6 million pounds of uranium, an increase of 50%, due to the timing of customer requirements and a greater number of acceptable spot sale opportunities relative to the same period in 2016. Total revenues were unchanged due to the increase in sales volumes being offset by a 32% decrease in average realized price. The decrease in realized price was mainly the result of a lower uranium spot price compared to the first nine months of 2016.

NUKEM recorded a gross loss of $16 million in the first nine months of 2017 compared to a $26 million loss in the same period in 2016. Included in the 2017 margin was a $12 million net write-down of inventory while the 2016 margin included a $26 million net write-down.

 

2017 THIRD QUARTER REPORT    21


Our operations

Uranium – production overview

Production in our uranium segment this quarter was 47% lower than the third quarter of 2016. See below for more information.

URANIUM PRODUCTION

 

     THREE MONTHS
ENDED SEPTEMBER 30
           NINE MONTHS
ENDED SEPTEMBER 30
              

OUR SHARE (MILLION LBS)

   2017      2016      CHANGE     2017      2016      CHANGE     2017 PLAN  

McArthur River/Key Lake

     0.6        3.1        (81 )%      7.8        8.8        (11 )%      11.5 1 

Cigar Lake

     1.7        1.9        (11 )%      6.5        6.2        5     9.0  

Inkai

     0.8        0.6        33     2.3        2.8        (18 )%      3.1  

Rabbit Lake

     —          —          —         —          1.1        (100 )%      —    

Smith Ranch-Highland

     —          0.2        (100 )%      0.2        0.8        (75 )%      0.3 1 

Crow Butte

     —          0.1        (100 )%      0.1        0.2        (50 )%      0.1  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

     3.1        5.9        (47 )%      16.9        19.9        (15 )%      24.0 1 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

1  We have reduced our 2017 production plan to 24.0 million pounds (from 25.2 million pounds) due to reductions at McArthur River/Key Lake and Smith Ranch-Highland. Please see Uranium 2017 Q3 updates for more information.

Uranium 2017 Q3 updates

PRODUCTION UPDATE

McArthur River/Key Lake

Production was 81% lower for the third quarter, and 11% lower for the first nine months compared to the same periods in 2016. This year, in alignment with our continued efforts to reduce costs, our production plan included an extended summer shut-down during the third quarter. The shut-down consisted of a four-week vacation period in July, followed by a two-week maintenance period at McArthur River and a four-week maintenance period at Key Lake. Planned work on the existing calciner circuit at Key Lake, combined with the timing of the planned annual maintenance shutdown, resulted in reduced production during the third quarter compared to 2017. Production was expected to restart at the end of August, however, the calciner work took longer than expected.

Additional work was required on the calciner in October, resulting in an unplanned outage at Key Lake. As a result, we have lowered our 2017 production target to 11.5 million pounds (Cameco’s share) from 12.6 million pounds (Cameco’s share).

Initial discussions to set the collective bargaining schedule with the United Steelworkers local 8914 have begun. We plan to begin contract negotiations prior to the current agreement expiring in December of this year.

Cigar Lake

Total packaged production from Cigar Lake was 11% lower in the third quarter, and 5% higher in the first nine months compared to the same periods last year. Packaged production was lower in the third quarter due primarily to the planned summer shutdown for maintenance and vacation. The shutdown went as planned with the mine and mill returning to full production as scheduled at the end of August. The year-over-year increase is the result of the scheduled rampup of the operation.

Inkai

Production was 33% higher for the quarter and 18% lower for the first nine months compared to the same periods last year due to the timing of new wellfield development and the planned 10% decrease in production for 2017.

PRODUCTION CURTAILMENT

Smith Ranch-Highland/Crow Butte

Total production was nominal for the quarter and 70% lower for the first nine months compared to the same periods in 2016, as a result of the decision to curtail production and defer all wellfield development at our US operations.

As expected, production continues to trend down as the head grade decreases. Given production volumes to the end of September, we have lowered our 2017 production plan by 0.1 million pounds to 0.3 million pounds.

 

22    CAMECO CORPORATION


Rabbit Lake

The Rabbit Lake operation is in a safe state of care and maintenance; there was no production in the third quarter of 2017. We are continually weighing the value of maintaining the operation in standby, against the cost of doing so. However, as long as production is suspended, we expect care and maintenance costs to range between $35 million and $40 million annually for the first few years.

Fuel services 2017 Q3 updates

PORT HOPE CONVERSION SERVICES

CAMECO FUEL MANUFACTURING INC. (CFM)

Production update

Fuel services produced 0.6 million kgU in the third quarter, unchanged from the same period last year. Production in the first nine months was 17% lower than the same period in 2016.

Qualified persons

The technical and scientific information discussed in this document for our material properties (McArthur River/Key Lake, Inkai and Cigar Lake) was approved by the following individuals who are qualified persons for the purposes of NI 43-101:

 

MCARTHUR RIVER/KEY LAKE      INKAI

•    Les Yesnik, general manager, McArthur River/Key Lake, Cameco

 

•    Greg Murdock, mine manager, McArthur River, Cameco

 

CIGAR LAKE

 

•    Jeremy Breker, general manager, Cigar Lake, Cameco

    

•    Darryl Clark, president, Cameco Kazakhstan LLP

Additional information

Critical accounting estimates

Due to the nature of our business, we are required to make estimates that affect the amount of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses, commitments and contingencies we report. We base our estimates on our experience, our best judgment, guidelines established by the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum and on assumptions we believe are reasonable.

Controls and procedures

As of September 30, 2017, we carried out an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our chief executive officer (CEO) and chief financial officer (CFO), of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures. There are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of disclosure controls and procedures, including the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of the controls and procedures. Accordingly, even effective disclosure controls and procedures can only provide reasonable assurance of achieving their control objectives.

Based upon that evaluation and as of September 30, 2017, the CEO and CFO concluded that:

 

    the disclosure controls and procedures were effective to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in the reports we file and submit under applicable securities laws is recorded, processed, summarized and reported as and when required

 

    such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our CEO and CFO, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure

There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended September 30, 2017 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

2017 THIRD QUARTER REPORT    23