0001564590-20-022990.txt : 20200507 0001564590-20-022990.hdr.sgml : 20200507 20200507170739 ACCESSION NUMBER: 0001564590-20-022990 CONFORMED SUBMISSION TYPE: 10-Q PUBLIC DOCUMENT COUNT: 105 CONFORMED PERIOD OF REPORT: 20200331 FILED AS OF DATE: 20200507 DATE AS OF CHANGE: 20200507 FILER: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0001000209 STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION: FINANCE SERVICES [6199] IRS NUMBER: 043291176 STATE OF INCORPORATION: DE FISCAL YEAR END: 1231 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: 10-Q SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 001-37747 FILM NUMBER: 20857507 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: 437 MADISON AVE 38 TH FLOOR CITY: NEW YORK STATE: NY ZIP: 10022 BUSINESS PHONE: 2123282153 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: 437 MADISON AVENUE STREET 2: 38TH FLOOR CITY: NEW YORK STATE: NY ZIP: 10022 10-Q 1 mfin-10q_20200331.htm 10-Q mfin-10q_20200331.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                  to                 

Commission file number 001-37747

 

MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

DELAWARE

04-3291176

(State of Incorporation)

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

437 MADISON AVENUE, 38th Floor

NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10022

(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)

(212) 328-2100

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading symbols

 

Name of each exchange

on which registered

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share

9.000% Senior Notes due 2021

 

MFIN

MFINL

 

NASDAQ Global Select Market

NASDAQ Global Select Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    YES      NO  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    YES      NO  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    YES      NO  

 

The number of outstanding shares of registrant’s Common Stock, par value $0.01, as of May 6, 2020 was 24,806,656.

 

 


 

MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP.

FORM 10-Q

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the notes to those statements and other financial information appearing elsewhere in this report.

This report contains forward-looking statements relating to future events and future performance applicable to us within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, including, without limitation, statements regarding our expectations, beliefs, intentions, or future strategies that are signified by the words expects, anticipates, intends, believes, or similar language. In connection with certain forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-Q and those that may be made in the future by or on behalf of the Company, the Company notes that there are various factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those set forth in any such forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-Q were prepared by management and are qualified by, and subject to, significant business, economic, competitive, regulatory, and other uncertainties and contingencies, all of which are difficult or impossible to predict, and many of which are beyond control of the Company. In particular any forward-looking statements are subject to the risks and great uncertainties associated with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and the related impact on the US and global economies.

All forward-looking statements included in this document are based on information available to us on the date hereof, and we assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statements. The statements have not been audited by, examined by, compiled by, or subjected to agreed-upon procedures by independent accountants, and no third-party has independently verified or reviewed such statements. Readers of this Form 10-Q should consider these facts in evaluating the information contained herein. In addition, the business and operations of the Company are subject to substantial risks which increase the uncertainty inherent in the forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-Q. The inclusion of the forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-Q should not be regarded as a representation by the Company or any other person that the forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-Q will be achieved.

In light of the foregoing, readers of this Form 10-Q are cautioned not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements contained herein. You should consider these risks and those described under Risk Factors in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K and others that are detailed in the other reports that the Company files from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Page 2 of 61


 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

BASIS OF PREPARATION

We, Medallion Financial Corp., or the Company, are a finance company, organized as a Delaware corporation that includes Medallion Bank, our primary operating subsidiary. In recent years, our strategic growth has been through Medallion Bank, which originates consumer loans for the purchase of recreational vehicles, boats, and trailers and to finance small-scale home improvements. We historically have had a leading position in originating, acquiring, and servicing loans that finance taxi medallions and various types of commercial businesses.

Since Medallion Bank acquired a consumer loan portfolio and began originating consumer loans in 2004, it has increased its consumer loan portfolio at a compound annual growth rate of 16% (19% if there had been no loan sales during 2016, 2017, and 2018). In January 2017, we announced our plans to transform our overall strategy. We have transitioned away from medallion lending and have placed our strategic focus on our growing consumer finance portfolio. Total assets under management, which includes assets serviced for third party investors, were $1,647,000,000 as of March 31, 2020, and were $1,660,000,000 as of December 31, 2019, and have grown at a compound annual growth rate of 9% from $215,000,000 at the end of 1996.

We conduct our business through various wholly-owned subsidiaries including:

 

Medallion Bank, or the Bank, an FDIC-insured industrial bank that originates consumer loans, raises deposits, and conducts other banking activities, and has a separate board of directors with a majority of independent directors;

 

Medallion Funding LLC, or Medallion Funding, a Small Business Investment Company, or SBIC, our primary taxi medallion lending company;

 

Medallion Capital, Inc., or Medallion Capital, an SBIC which conducts a mezzanine financing business;

 

Freshstart Venture Capital Corp., or Freshstart, an SBIC which originates and services taxi medallion and commercial loans; and

 

Medallion Servicing Corp., or MSC, which provides loan services to the Bank.

Our other consolidated subsidiaries are comprised of Medallion Fine Art, Inc., CDI-LP Holdings, Inc., Medallion Motorsports, LLC, and RPAC Racing LLC, or RPAC. In addition, we make both marketable and nonmarketable equity investments, primarily as a function of our mezzanine lending business.

Our consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2020, and the related consolidated statements of operations, consolidated statements of other comprehensive income/(loss), consolidated statements of stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the quarter then ended included in Item 1 have been prepared by us, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the US have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, the accompanying consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, which are of a normal and recurring nature, necessary to present fairly our consolidated financial position and results of operations. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 may not be indicative of future performance. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

Page 3 of 61


 

MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

UNAUDITED

 

(Dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash(1)

 

$

15,817

 

 

$

17,700

 

Federal funds sold

 

 

39,680

 

 

 

50,121

 

Equity investments

 

 

10,341

 

 

 

10,079

 

Investment securities

 

 

46,127

 

 

 

48,998

 

Loans

 

 

1,183,779

 

 

 

1,160,855

 

Allowance for losses

 

 

(54,057

)

 

 

(46,093

)

Net loans receivable

 

 

1,129,722

 

 

 

1,114,762

 

Accrued interest receivable

 

 

8,536

 

 

 

8,662

 

Property, equipment, and right-of-use lease asset, net

 

 

13,873

 

 

 

14,375

 

Loan collateral in process of foreclosure(2)

 

 

46,817

 

 

 

52,711

 

Goodwill

 

 

150,803

 

 

 

150,803

 

Intangible assets, net

 

 

52,175

 

 

 

52,536

 

Income tax receivable

 

 

1,126

 

 

 

1,516

 

Other assets

 

 

19,378

 

 

 

19,404

 

Total assets

 

$

1,534,395

 

 

$

1,541,667

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses(3)

 

$

20,126

 

 

$

16,234

 

Accrued interest payable

 

 

3,300

 

 

 

4,398

 

Deposits(4)

 

 

960,126

 

 

 

951,651

 

Short-term borrowings

 

 

60,904

 

 

 

38,223

 

Deferred tax liabilities

 

 

6,239

 

 

 

9,341

 

Operating lease liabilities

 

 

12,186

 

 

 

12,738

 

Long-term debt(5)

 

 

150,941

 

 

 

174,614

 

Total liabilities

 

 

1,213,822

 

 

 

1,207,199

 

Commitments and contingencies(6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock (1,000,000 shares of $0.01 par value stock authorized-none outstanding)

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock (50,000,000 shares of $0.01 par value stock authorized- 27,757,899

   shares at March 31, 2020 and 27,597,802 shares at December 31, 2019 issued)

 

 

278

 

 

 

276

 

Additional paid in capital

 

 

275,975

 

 

 

275,511

 

Treasury stock (2,951,243 shares at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019)

 

 

(24,919

)

 

 

(24,919

)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

 

1,146

 

 

 

999

 

Retained earnings

 

 

(2,362

)

 

 

11,281

 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

250,118

 

 

 

263,148

 

Non-controlling interest in consolidated subsidiaries

 

 

70,455

 

 

 

71,320

 

Total equity

 

 

320,573

 

 

 

334,468

 

Total liabilities and equity

 

$

1,534,395

 

 

$

1,541,667

 

Number of shares outstanding

 

 

24,806,656

 

 

 

24,646,559

 

Book value per share

 

$

10.08

 

 

$

10.68

 

 

(1)

Includes restricted cash of $2,970 as of March 31, 2020.

(2)

Includes financed sales of this collateral to third parties that are reported separately from the loan portfolio, and that are conducted by the Bank of $9,157 as of March 31, 2020 and $8,163 as of December 31, 2019.

(3)

Includes the short-term portion of lease liabilities of $2,112 and $2,085 as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019. Refer to Note 6 for more details.

(4)

Includes $2,390 and $2,594 of deferred financing costs as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

(5)

Includes $2,284 and $2,511 of deferred financing costs as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

(6)

Refer to Note 10 for details.

 

The accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with these consolidated financial statements.

Page 4 of 61


 

MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Interest and fees on loans

 

$

35,019

 

 

$

29,439

 

Interest and dividends on investment securities

 

 

470

 

 

 

566

 

Medallion lease income

 

 

53

 

 

 

38

 

Total interest income(1)

 

 

35,542

 

 

 

30,043

 

Interest on deposits

 

 

5,941

 

 

 

4,921

 

Interest on short-term borrowings

 

 

564

 

 

 

982

 

Interest on long-term debt

 

 

2,495

 

 

 

1,819

 

Total interest expense(2)

 

 

9,000

 

 

 

7,722

 

Net interest income

 

 

26,542

 

 

 

22,321

 

Provision for loan losses

 

 

16,541

 

 

 

13,343

 

Net interest income after provision for loan losses

 

 

10,001

 

 

 

8,978

 

Other income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sponsorship and race winnings

 

 

2,573

 

 

 

3,179

 

Write-down of loan collateral in process of foreclosure

 

 

(6,286

)

 

 

(2,119

)

Impairment of equity investments

 

 

(3,510

)

 

 

 

Gain on the extinguishment of debt

 

 

 

 

 

4,145

 

Other income

 

 

243

 

 

 

1,658

 

Total other income (loss), net

 

 

(6,980

)

 

 

6,863

 

Other expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Salaries and employee benefits

 

 

6,933

 

 

 

5,341

 

Professional fees

 

 

3,589

 

 

 

1,636

 

Race team related expenses

 

 

2,130

 

 

 

1,998

 

Loan servicing fees

 

 

1,612

 

 

 

1,194

 

Collection costs

 

 

1,229

 

 

 

638

 

Rent expense

 

 

697

 

 

 

600

 

Regulatory fees

 

 

365

 

 

 

447

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

 

361

 

 

 

361

 

Travel, meals, and entertainment

 

 

208

 

 

 

265

 

Other expenses

 

 

2,147

 

 

 

2,222

 

Total other expenses

 

 

19,271

 

 

 

14,702

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

 

 

(16,250

)

 

 

1,139

 

Income tax benefit

 

 

3,249

 

 

 

256

 

Net income (loss) after taxes

 

 

(13,001

)

 

 

1,395

 

Less: income attributable to the non-controlling interest

 

 

642

 

 

 

167

 

Total net income (loss) attributable to Medallion Financial Corp.

 

$

(13,643

)

 

$

1,228

 

Basic net income (loss) per share

 

$

(0.56

)

 

$

0.05

 

Diluted net income (loss) per share

 

$

(0.56

)

 

$

0.05

 

Distributions declared per share

 

$

 

 

$

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

24,401,773

 

 

 

24,288,263

 

Diluted

 

 

24,401,773

 

 

 

24,616,890

 

 

(1)

Included in interest and investment income is $293 and $237 of paid-in-kind interest for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

(2)

Average borrowings outstanding were $1,164,483 and $1,067,075, and the related average borrowing costs were 3.11% and 2.93%, for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.    

 

  

The accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with these consolidated financial statements.

 

Page 5 of 61


 

MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME/(LOSS)

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Net income (loss) after taxes from operations

 

$

(13,001

)

 

$

1,395

 

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

 

147

 

 

 

669

 

Total comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

(12,854

)

 

 

2,064

 

Less comprehensive income attributable to the non-controlling interest

 

 

642

 

 

 

167

 

Total comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Medallion Financial Corp.

 

$

(13,496

)

 

$

1,897

 

 

The accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with these consolidated financial statements.

 

Page 6 of 61


 

 

MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(UNAUDITED)

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Common

Stock

Shares

 

 

Common

Stock

 

 

Preferred

Stock

 

 

Capital in

Excess of

Par

 

 

Treasury

Stock

Shares

 

 

Treasury

Stock

 

 

Retained

Earnings

 

 

Accumulated

Other

Comprehensive

Income (Loss)

 

 

Total

Stockholders’

Equity

 

 

Non-

controlling

Interest

 

 

Total

Equity

 

Balance at December 31, 2019

 

 

27,597,802

 

 

$

276

 

 

 

 

 

$

275,511

 

 

 

(2,951,243

)

 

$

(24,919

)

 

$

11,281

 

 

$

999

 

 

$

263,148

 

 

$

71,320

 

 

$

334,468

 

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(13,643

)

 

 

 

 

 

(13,643

)

 

 

642

 

 

 

(13,001

)

Distributions to non-

   controlling interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,507

)

 

 

(1,507

)

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

464

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

466

 

 

 

 

 

 

466

 

Issuance of restricted stock, net

 

 

165,674

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeiture of restricted stock, net

 

 

(5,577

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net change in unrealized gains

   on investments, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

147

 

 

 

147

 

 

 

 

 

 

147

 

Balance at March 31, 2020

 

 

27,757,899

 

 

$

278

 

 

 

 

 

$

275,975

 

 

 

(2,951,243

)

 

$

(24,919

)

 

$

(2,362

)

 

$

1,146

 

 

$

250,118

 

 

$

70,455

 

 

$

320,573

 

 

 

.

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Common

Stock Shares

 

 

Common

Stock

 

 

Preferred

Stock

 

 

Capital in

Excess of

Par

 

 

Treasury

Stock Shares

 

 

Treasury

Stock

 

 

Retained

Earnings

 

 

Accumulated

Other

Comprehensive

Income (Loss)

 

 

Total

Stockholders’

Equity

 

 

Non-controlling

Interest

 

 

Total

Equity

 

Balance at December 31, 2018

 

 

27,385,600

 

 

$

274

 

 

 

 

 

$

274,292

 

 

 

(2,951,243

)

 

$

(24,919

)

 

$

13,043

 

 

$

(82

)

 

$

262,608

 

 

$

27,596

 

 

$

290,204

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,228

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,228

 

 

 

167

 

 

 

1,395

 

Distributions to non-controlling interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(592

)

 

 

(592

)

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

164

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

165

 

 

 

 

 

 

165

 

Issuance of restricted stock, net

 

 

163,098

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeiture of restricted stock, net

 

 

(1,699

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net change in unrealized gains on investments, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

669

 

 

 

669

 

 

 

 

 

 

669

 

Balance at March 31, 2019

 

 

27,546,999

 

 

$

275

 

 

 

 

 

$

274,456

 

 

 

(2,951,243

)

 

$

(24,919

)

 

$

14,271

 

 

$

587

 

 

$

264,670

 

 

$

27,171

 

 

$

291,841

 

 

The accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with these consolidated financial statements.

 

Page 7 of 61


 

MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

(13,001

)

 

$

1,395

 

Adjustments to reconcile net loss from operations to net cash

   provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for loan losses

 

 

16,541

 

 

 

13,343

 

Paid-in-kind interest

 

 

(293

)

 

 

(237

)

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

1,590

 

 

 

2,046

 

(Decrease) increase in deferred and other tax liabilities

 

 

(2,713

)

 

 

65

 

Amortization of origination fees, net

 

 

1,304

 

 

 

1,151

 

Net change in loan collateral in process of foreclosure

 

 

8,825

 

 

 

3,757

 

Net realized losses on investments

 

 

3,554

 

 

 

 

Net change in unrealized depreciation (appreciation) on investments

 

 

 

 

 

(598

)

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

466

 

 

 

165

 

Gain on extinguishment of debt

 

 

 

 

 

(4,145

)

Decrease in accrued interest receivable

 

 

125

 

 

 

305

 

(Increase) decrease in other assets

 

 

205

 

 

 

(2,144

)

Increase (decrease) in accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

1,249

 

 

 

(3,355

)

Decrease in accrued interest payable

 

 

(1,062

)

 

 

(687

)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

16,790

 

 

 

11,061

 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loans originated

 

 

(107,149

)

 

 

(92,533

)

Proceeds from principal receipts, sales, and maturities of loans

 

 

67,368

 

 

 

62,239

 

Purchases of investments

 

 

(6,541

)

 

 

(50

)

Proceeds from principal receipts, sales, and maturities of investments

 

 

7,692

 

 

 

2,456

 

Proceeds from the sale and principal payments on loan collateral in process

   of foreclosure

 

 

4,007

 

 

 

5,026

 

Net cash used for investing activities

 

 

(34,623

)

 

 

(22,862

)

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from time deposits and funds borrowed

 

 

114,418

 

 

 

118,586

 

Repayments of time deposits and funds borrowed

 

 

(107,402

)

 

 

(77,785

)

Distributions to non-controlling interests

 

 

(1,507

)

 

 

(592

)

Payments of declared distributions

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

5,509

 

 

 

40,209

 

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AND

   RESTRICTED CASH

 

 

(12,324

)

 

 

28,408

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period(1)

 

 

67,821

 

 

 

57,713

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period(1)

 

$

55,497

 

 

$

86,121

 

SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid during the period for interest

 

$

9,339

 

 

$

7,887

 

Cash paid during the period for income taxes

 

 

3

 

 

 

14

 

NON-CASH INVESTING

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loans transferred to loan collateral in process of foreclosure

 

$

6,938

 

 

$

9,096

 

 

 

(1)

Includes federal funds sold.

The accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with these consolidated financial statements.

Page 8 of 61


 

MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

MARCH 31, 2020

(1) ORGANIZATION OF MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP. AND ITS SUBSIDIARIES

Medallion Financial Corp., or the Company, is a finance company organized as a Delaware corporation that reports as a bank holding company, but is not a bank holding company for regulatory purposes. The Company conducts its business through various wholly-owned subsidiaries including its primary operating company, Medallion Bank, or the Bank, a Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, or FDIC, insured industrial bank that originates consumer loans, raises deposits, and conducts other banking activities. The Bank is subject to competition from other financial institutions and to the regulations of certain federal and state agencies, and undergoes examinations by those agencies. The Bank was initially formed for the primary purpose of originating commercial loans in three categories: 1) loans to finance the purchase of taxi medallions, 2) asset-based commercial loans, and 3) SBA 7(a) loans. Subsequent to its formation, the Bank began originating consumer loans to finance the purchases of recreational vehicles, or RVs, boats, and other related items, and to finance small scale home improvements. The Company also conducts business through Medallion Funding LLC, or MFC, a Small Business Investment Company, or SBIC, which originates and services medallion and commercial loans.

The Company also conducts business through its subsidiaries Medallion Capital, Inc., or MCI, an SBIC which conducts a mezzanine financing business, and Freshstart Venture Capital Corp., or FSVC, an SBIC that originated and services medallion and commercial loans. MFC, MCI, and FSVC, as SBICs, are regulated by the Small Business Administration, or SBA. MCI and FSVC are financed in part by the SBA.

The Company has a controlling ownership stake in Medallion Motorsports, LLC, the primary owner of RPAC Racing, LLC, or RPAC, a professional car racing team that competes in the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series, which is also consolidated with the Company.

The Company formed a wholly-owned subsidiary, Medallion Servicing Corporation, or MSC, to provide loan services to the Bank. The Company has assigned all of its loan servicing rights for the Bank, which consists of servicing medallion loans originated by the Bank, to MSC, which bills and collects the related service fee income from the Bank, and is allocated and charged by the Company for MSC’s share of these servicing costs.

Taxi Medallion Loan Trust III, or Trust III, was established for the purpose of owning medallion loans originated by MFC or others. Trust III is a variable interest entity, or VIE, and MFC was the primary beneficiary until the 2018 fourth quarter. As a result, the Company consolidated Trust III in its financial results until consummation of a restructuring in the 2018 fourth quarter. For a discussion of the restructuring, see Note 15. Trust III is a separate legal and corporate entity with its own creditors which, in any liquidation of Trust III, will be entitled to be satisfied out of Trust III’s assets prior to any value in Trust III becoming available to Trust III’s equity holders. The assets of Trust III are not available to pay obligations of its affiliates or any other party, and the assets of affiliates or any other party are not available to pay obligations of Trust III. Trust III’s loans are serviced by MFC.

The Company established a wholly-owned subsidiary, Medallion Financing Trust I, or Fin Trust, for the purpose of issuing unsecured preferred securities to investors. Fin Trust is a separate legal and corporate entity with its own creditors who, in any liquidation of Fin Trust, will be entitled to be satisfied out of Fin Trust’s assets prior to any value in Fin Trust becoming available to Fin Trust’s equity holders. The assets of Fin Trust, aggregating $36,083,000 at March 31, 2020, are not available to pay obligations of its affiliates or any other party, and the assets of affiliates or any other party are not available to pay obligations of Fin Trust.

MFC, through several wholly-owned subsidiaries, together, Medallion Chicago, purchased $8,689,000 of City of Chicago taxi medallions out of foreclosure, some of which are leased to fleet operators. The 159 medallions are carried at a net realizable value of $3,091,000 in other assets on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2020, compared to a net realizable value of $3,091,000 and $4,676,000 at December 31, 2019 and March 31, 2019.

(2) SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES  

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the US, or GAAP, requires management to make estimates that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes. Accounting estimates and assumptions are those that management considers to be the most critical to an

Page 9 of 61


 

understanding of the consolidated financial statements because they inherently involve significant judgments and uncertainties. All of these estimates reflect management’s best judgment about current economic and market conditions and their effects based on information available as of the date of these consolidated financial statements. If such conditions change, it is reasonably possible that the judgments and estimates could change, which may result in future impairments of loans and loan collateral in process of foreclosure, goodwill and intangible assets, and investments, among other effects.

Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and all of its wholly-owned and controlled subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions, balances, and profits (losses) have been eliminated in consolidation.

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP. The Company consolidates all entities it controls through a majority voting interest, a controlling interest through other contractual rights, or as being identified as the primary beneficiary of VIEs. The primary beneficiary is the party who has both (1) the power to direct the activities of a VIE that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance, and (2) an obligation to absorb losses of the entity or a right to receive benefits from the entity that could potentially be significant to the entity. For consolidated entities that are less than wholly owned, the third-party’s holding is recorded as non-controlling interest.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid instruments with an original purchased maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Cash balances are generally held in accounts at large national or regional banking organizations in amounts that exceed the federally insured limits. Cash includes $2,970,000 of an interest reserve associated with the private placements of debt in March and August 2019, which cannot be used for any other purpose until March 2022.

Fair Value of Assets and Liabilities

The Company follows the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, FASB Accounting Standards Codification Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, or FASB ASC 820, which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. FASB ASC 820 defines fair value as an exit price (i.e. a price that would be received to sell, as opposed to acquire, an asset or transfer a liability), and emphasizes that fair value is a market-based measurement. It establishes a fair value hierarchy that distinguishes between assumptions developed based on market data obtained from independent external sources and the reporting entity’s own assumptions. Further, it specifies that fair value measurement should consider adjustment for risk, such as the risk inherent in the valuation technique or its inputs. See also Notes 12 and 13 to the consolidated financial statements.

Page 10 of 61


 

Equity Investments

The Company follows FASB ASC Topic 321, Investments – Equity Securities, or ASC 321, which requires all applicable investments in equity securities with readily determinable fair value to be valued as such, and those that do not to be measured at cost, less any impairment plus or minus any observable price changes. Equity investments of $10,341,000 and $10,079,000 at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, comprised mainly of nonmarketable stock and stock warrants, are recorded at cost less any impairment plus or minus observable price changes. As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company determined that there were no impairment or observable price change.

Investment Securities

The Company follows FASB ASC Topic 320, Investments – Debt Securities, or ASC 320, which requires that all applicable investments in debt securities be classified as trading securities, available-for-sale securities, or held-to-maturity securities. Investment securities are purchased from time-to-time in the open market at prices that are greater or lesser than the par value of the investment. The resulting premium or discount is deferred and recognized on a level yield basis as an adjustment to the yield of the related investment. The net premium on investment securities totaled $252,000 at March 31, 2020 and $248,000 at December 31, 2019, and $55,000 and $12,000 was amortized to interest income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. Refer to Note 3 for more details. ASC 320 further requires that held-to-maturity securities be reported at amortized cost and available-for-sale securities be reported at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses excluded from earnings at the date of the consolidated financial statements, and reported in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) as a separate component of stockholders’ equity, net of the effect of income taxes, until they are sold. At the time of sale, any gains or losses, calculated by the specific identification method, will be recognized as a component of operating results and any amounts previously included in stockholders’ equity, which were recorded net of the income tax effect, will be reversed.

Loans

The Company’s loans are currently reported at the principal amount outstanding, inclusive of deferred loan acquisition costs, which primarily includes deferred fees paid to loan originators, and which is amortized to interest income over the life of the loan. Effective April 2, 2018, the Company withdrew its previous election to be regulated as a business development company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, and therefore changed the Company’s financial reporting from investment company accounting to bank holding company accounting. As a result, the existing loan balances were adjusted to fair value in connection with the change in reporting, and balances, net of reserves and fees, became the opening balances.

Loan origination fees and certain direct origination costs are deferred and recognized as an adjustment to the yield of the related loans. At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, net loan origination costs were $18,379,000 and $17,839,000. Net amortization to income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $1,304,000 and $1,151,000.

Interest income is recorded on the accrual basis. Medallion and commercial loans are placed on nonaccrual status, and all uncollected accrued interest is reversed, when there is doubt as to the collectability of interest or principal, or if loans are 90 days or more past due, unless management has determined that they are both well-secured and in the process of collection. Interest income on nonaccrual loans is generally recognized when cash is received, unless a determination has been made to apply all cash receipts to principal. The consumer portfolio has different characteristics, typified by a larger number of lower dollar loans that have similar characteristics. A loan is considered to be impaired, or nonperforming, when based on current information and events, it is likely the Company will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the original loan agreement. Management considers loans that are in bankruptcy status, but have not been charged-off, to be impaired. These loans are placed on nonaccrual, when they become 90 days past due, or earlier if they enter bankruptcy, and are charged-off in their entirety when deemed uncollectible, or when they become 120 days past due, whichever occurs first, at which time appropriate collection and recovery efforts against both the borrower and the underlying collateral are initiated. For the recreation loan portfolio, the process to repossess the collateral is started at 60 days past due. If the collateral is not located and the account reaches 120 days delinquent, the account is charged-off. If the collateral is repossessed, a loss is recorded to write the collateral down to its fair value less selling costs, and the collateral is sent to auction. When the collateral is sold, the net auction proceeds are applied to the account, and any remaining balance is written off. Proceeds collected on charged-off accounts are recorded as a recovery. Total loans 90 days or more past due were $7,014,000 at March 31, 2020, or 0.60% of the total loan portfolio, compared to $8,663,000, or 0.76% at December 31, 2019.

On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act, or the CARES Act, was signed into law to address the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Under the CARES Act and related guidance from the FDIC, the Company can temporarily suspend its delinquency and nonperforming treatment for certain loans that have been granted a payment accommodation that facilitates the borrowers’ ability to work through the immediate impact of the virus. Borrowers who were current prior to becoming affected by COVID-19 and then receive payment accommodations as a result of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, generally are not reported as past due if all payments are current in accordance with the revised terms of the loans.   The

Page 11 of 61


 

Company has chosen to apply this part of the CARES Act in connection with eligible accommodations and will not report the applicable loans as past due for any payments not made during the deferment period.

In situations where, for economic or legal reasons related to a borrower’s financial difficulties, the Company grants concessions to the borrower for other than an insignificant period of time that the Company would not otherwise consider, the related loan is classified as a troubled debt restructuring, or TDR. The Company strives to identify borrowers in financial difficulty early and work with them to modify their loans to more affordable terms before they reach nonaccrual status. These modified terms may include rate reductions, principal forgiveness, term extensions, payment forbearance and other actions intended to minimize the economic loss to the Company and to avoid foreclosure or repossession of the collateral. For modifications where the Company forgives principal, the entire amount of such principal forgiveness is immediately charged off. Loans classified as TDRs are considered impaired loans. Beginning in the third quarter 2019, all consumer loans which are party to a Chapter 13 bankruptcy are immediately classified as TDRs. The Company’s policy with regard to bankrupt loans is take an immediate 40% write down of the loan balance. Under the CARES Act, during the applicable period beginning March 1, 2020 and ending on the earlier of December 31, 2020 or 60 days after the date which the coronavirus, or COVID-19, national emergency terminates, companies may elect to (a) suspend the requirements of US GAAP for loan modifications related to COVID-19 that would otherwise be categorized as TDRs and (b) suspend any determination of a loan modified as a result of the effects of COVID-19 as a TDR, including impairment for accounting purposes. Any such suspension is applicable for the term of the loan modification, but solely with respect to any modification that occurs during the applicable period for a loan that was not more than 30 days past due as of December 31, 2019, and shall not apply to any adverse impact on the credit of a borrower that is not related to COVID-19. As of March 31, 2020, there were no consumer or medallion loan modifications related to COVID-19 that would have otherwise been classified as a TDR, and therefore there was no need for the Company to elect this relief under the CARES Act during the quarter. However, we expect to have loan modifications related to COVID-19 that would apply under this provision of the CARES Act in the future.

Loan collateral in process of foreclosure primarily includes medallion loans that have reached 120 days past due and have been charged-down to their net realizable value, in addition to consumer repossessed collateral in the process of being sold. The medallion loan component reflects that the collection activities on the loans have transitioned from working with the borrower, to the liquidation of the collateral securing the loans.

The Company had $24,881,000 and $28,833,000 of net loans pledged as collateral under borrowing arrangements at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

The Company accounts for its sales of loans in accordance with FASB Accounting Standards Codification Topic 860, Transfers and Servicing, or FASB ASC 860, which provides accounting and reporting standards for transfers and servicing of financial assets and extinguishments of liabilities. In accordance with FASB ASC 860, the Company had elected the fair value measurement method for its servicing assets and liabilities. The principal portion of loans serviced for others by the Company and its affiliates was $108,515,000 at March 31, 2020 and $113,581,000 at December 31, 2019. The Company has evaluated the servicing aspect of its business in accordance with FASB ASC 860, which relates to servicing assets held by MFC (related to the remaining assets in Trust III) and the Bank, and determined that no material servicing asset or liability existed as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019. The Company assigned its servicing rights of the Bank’s portfolio to MSC. The costs of servicing were allocated to MSC by the Company, and the servicing fee income was billed to and collected from the Bank by MSC.

Allowance for Loan Losses

The allowance for loan losses is evaluated on a regular basis by management and is based upon management’s periodic review of the collectability of the loans in light of historical experience, the nature and volume of the loan portfolio, adverse situations that may affect the borrower’s ability to repay, estimated value of any underlying collateral, prevailing economic conditions, and excess concentration risks. In analyzing the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses, the Company uses historical delinquency and actual loss rates with a one year lookback period for consumer loans. For commercial loans deemed nonperforming, the historical loss experience and other projections are looked at. For medallion loans, delinquent nonperforming loans are valued at the median sales price over the most recent quarter, non-delinquent nonperforming loans are valued at the discounted cash flow if such loans were modified and it is clear that sources other than the taxi business were instrumental in keeping such loans current, and performing medallion loans are reserved utilizing historical loss ratios over a three-year lookback period. This evaluation is inherently subjective, as it requires estimates that are susceptible to significant revision as more information becomes available. As a result, reserves of $2,469,000 were recorded by the Company as a general reserve on medallion loans as an additional buffer against future losses, not including the Bank’s general reserve of $17,351,000 which was netted against loan balances at consolidation on April 2, 2018. Subsequent to April 2, 2018, the Bank recorded a general reserve benefit of $7,266,000. As a result of COVID-19, there was an increase in the reserve percentages ranging 25-50 basis points due to the uncertainty and potential impact on the consumer business. In addition, the Company continues to monitor the impact of COVID-19 on the consumer, commercial and medallion loans. Credit losses are deducted from the allowance and subsequent recoveries are added back to the allowance.

Page 12 of 61


 

Goodwill and Intangible Assets

The Company’s goodwill and intangible assets arose as a result of the excess of fair value over book value for several of the Company’s previously unconsolidated portfolio investment companies as of April 2, 2018. This fair value was brought forward under the change to bank holding company accounting, and was subject to a purchase price accounting allocation process conducted by an independent third party expert to arrive at the current categories and amounts. Goodwill is not amortized, but is subject to quarterly review by management to determine whether additional impairment testing is needed, and such testing is performed at least on an annual basis. Intangible assets are amortized over their useful life of approximately 20 years. As of March 31, 2020, December 31, 2019, and March 31, 2019, the Company had goodwill of $150,803,000, which all related to the Bank, and intangible assets of $52,175,000, $52,536,000 and $53,620,000, and the Company recognized $361,000 and $361,000 of amortization expense on the intangible assets for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. Additionally, loan portfolio premiums of $12,387,000 were determined as of April 2, 2018, of which $5,429,000, $5,758,000, and $7,956,000 were outstanding at March 31, 2020, December 31, 2019, and March 31, 2019, and of which $329,000 and $1,092,000 were amortized to interest income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. The Company engaged an expert to assess the goodwill and intangibles for impairment at December 31, 2019, who concluded there was no impairment on the Bank and on the RPAC intangible asset. The Company reviewed the goodwill related to the Bank and the RPAC intangible assets and even with the current COVID-19 pandemic, concluded that there was no additional impairment as of March 31, 2020.

The table below shows the details of the intangible assets as of the dates presented.

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Brand-related intellectual property

 

$

19,800

 

 

$

20,075

 

Home improvement contractor relationships

 

 

6,210

 

 

 

6,296

 

Race organization

 

 

26,165

 

 

 

26,165

 

Total intangible assets

 

$

52,175

 

 

$

52,536

 

 

Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization, and are depreciated on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives of 3 to 10 years. Leasehold improvements are amortized on a straight-line basis over the shorter of the lease term or the estimated economic useful life of the improvement. Depreciation and amortization expense was $121,000 and $100,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

Deferred Costs

Deferred financing costs represent costs associated with obtaining the Company’s borrowing facilities, and are amortized on a straight line basis over the lives of the related financing agreements and life of the respective pool. Amortization expense was $723,000 and $520,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. In addition, the Company capitalizes certain costs for transactions in the process of completion (other than business combinations), including those for potential investments, and the sourcing of other financing alternatives. Upon completion or termination of the transaction, any accumulated amounts will be amortized against income over an appropriate period, or written off. The amount on the Company’s balance sheet for all of these purposes were $4,674,000, $5,105,000, and $4,411,000 as of March 31, 2020, December 31, 2019, and March 31, 2019.

Page 13 of 61


 

Income Taxes

Income taxes are accounted for using the asset and liability approach in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes, or ASC 740. Deferred tax assets and liabilities reflect the impact of temporary differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities and their tax basis and are stated at tax rates expected to be in effect when taxes are actually paid or recovered. Deferred tax assets are also recorded for net operating losses, capital losses and any tax credit carryforwards. A valuation allowance is provided against a deferred tax asset when it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. All available evidence, both positive and negative, is considered to determine whether a valuation allowance for deferred tax assets is needed. Items considered in determining our valuation allowance include expectations of future earnings of the appropriate tax character, recent historical financial results, tax planning strategies, the length of statutory carryforward periods and the expected timing of the reversal of temporary differences. The Company recognizes tax benefits of uncertain tax positions only when the position is more likely than not to be sustained assuming examination by tax authorities. The Company records income tax related interest and penalties, if applicable, within current income tax expense.

Sponsorship and Race Winnings

The Company accounts for sponsorship and race winnings revenue under FASB ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. Sponsorship revenue is recognized when the Company’s performance obligations are completed in accordance with the contract terms of the sponsorship contract. Race winnings revenue is recognized after each race during the season based upon terms provided by NASCAR and the placement of the driver.

Earnings (Loss) Per Share (EPS)

Basic earnings (loss) per share are computed by dividing net income (loss) resulting from operations available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted earnings per share reflect the potential dilution that could occur if option contracts to issue common stock were exercised, or if restricted stock vests, and has been computed after giving consideration to the weighted average dilutive effect of the Company’s stock options and restricted stock. The Company uses the treasury stock method to calculate diluted EPS, which is a method of recognizing the use of proceeds that could be obtained upon exercise of options and warrants, including unvested compensation expense related to the shares, in computing diluted EPS. It assumes that any proceeds would be used to purchase common stock at the average market price during the period. The table below shows the calculation of basic and diluted EPS.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Net income (loss) resulting from operations

   available to common stockholders

 

$

(13,643

)

 

$

1,228

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding applicable to

   basic EPS

 

 

24,401,773

 

 

 

24,288,263

 

Effect of dilutive stock options

 

 

 

 

 

17,423

 

Effect of restricted stock grants

 

 

 

 

 

311,204

 

Adjusted weighted average common shares outstanding

   applicable to diluted EPS

 

 

24,401,773

 

 

 

24,616,890

 

Basic income (loss) per share

 

$

(0.56

)

 

$

0.05

 

Diluted income (loss) per share

 

 

(0.56

)

 

 

0.05

 

 

Potentially dilutive common shares excluded from the above calculations aggregated 807,368 and 471,000 shares as of March 31, 2020 and 2019.

Stock Compensation

The Company follows FASB ASC Topic 718, or ASC 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation, for its equity incentive, stock option, and restricted stock plans, and accordingly, the Company recognizes the expense of these grants as required. Stock-based employee compensation costs pertaining to stock options are reflected in net income resulting from operations for any new grants using the fair values established by usage of the Black-Scholes option pricing model, expensed over the vesting period of the underlying option. Stock-based employee compensation costs pertaining to restricted stock are reflected in net income resulting from operations for any new grants using the grant date fair value of the shares granted, expensed over the vesting period of the underlying stock.

Page 14 of 61


 

During the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company issued 165,674 and 163,098 of restricted shares of stock-based compensation awards, issued 335,773 and 374,377 shares of other stock-based compensation awards, and issued no restricted stock units and recognized $466,000 and $165,000, or $0.02 and $0.01 per share, for each period, of non-cash stock-based compensation expense related to the grants. As of March 31, 2020, the total remaining unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock options and restricted stock was $3,369,000, which is expected to be recognized over the next 16 quarters (see Note 8).

Regulatory Capital

The Bank is subject to various regulatory capital requirements administered by the FDIC and the Utah Department of Financial Institutions. Failure to meet minimum capital requirements can initiate certain mandatory and possible additional discretionary actions by regulators that, if undertaken, could have a direct material effect on the Bank’s financial statements. Under capital adequacy guidelines and the regulatory framework for prompt corrective action, the Bank must meet specific capital guidelines that involve quantitative measures of the Bank’s assets, liabilities, and certain off-balance sheet items as calculated under regulatory accounting practices. The Bank’s capital amounts and classifications are also subject to qualitative judgments by the bank regulators about components, risk weightings, and other factors.

FDIC-insured banks, including the Bank, are subject to certain federal laws, which impose various legal limitations on the extent to which banks may finance or otherwise supply funds to certain of their affiliates. In particular, the Bank is subject to certain restrictions on any extensions of credit to, or other covered transactions, such as certain purchases of assets, with the Company or its affiliates.

Quantitative measures established by regulation to ensure capital adequacy require the Bank to maintain minimum amounts and ratios as defined in the regulations (set forth in the table below). Additionally, as conditions of granting the Bank’s application for federal deposit insurance, the FDIC ordered that the Tier 1 leverage capital to total assets ratio, as defined, be not less than 15%, which could preclude its ability to pay dividends to the Company, and that an adequate allowance for loan losses be maintained. As of March 31, 2020, the Bank’s Tier 1 leverage ratio was 18.78%. The Bank’s actual capital amounts and ratios, and the regulatory minimum ratios are presented in the following table.

 

 

 

Regulatory

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Minimum

 

 

Well-

Capitalized

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Common equity Tier 1 capital

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

154,592

 

 

$

158,187

 

Tier 1 capital

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

223,380

 

 

 

226,975

 

Total capital

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

238,691

 

 

 

241,842

 

Average assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,189,201

 

 

 

1,172,866

 

Risk-weighted assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,174,118

 

 

 

1,144,337

 

Leverage ratio(1)

 

 

4.0

%

 

 

5.0

%

 

 

18.8

%

 

 

19.4

%

Common equity Tier 1 capital ratio(2)

 

 

7.0

 

 

 

6.5

 

 

 

13.2

 

 

 

13.8

 

Tier 1 capital ratio(3)

 

 

8.5

 

 

 

8.0

 

 

 

19.0

 

 

 

19.8

 

Total capital ratio(3)

 

 

10.5

 

 

 

10.0

 

 

 

20.3

 

 

 

21.1

 

 

(1)

Calculated by dividing Tier 1 capital by average assets.

(2)

Calculated by subtracting preferred stock or non-controlling interest from Tier 1 capital and dividing by risk-weighted assets.

(3)

Calculated by dividing Tier 1 or total capital by risk-weighted assets.

In the table above, the minimum risk-based ratios as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 reflect the capital conservation buffer of 2.5%. The minimum regulatory requirements, inclusive of the capital conservation buffer, were the binding requirements for the risk-based requirements, and the “well-capitalized” requirements were the binding requirements for Tier 1 leverage capital as of both March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12 “Income Taxes, or Topic 740: Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes.” The objective of this update is to simplify the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles and improve consistent application of and simplify other areas of Topic 740. The amendments in this update are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company does not believe this update will have a material impact on its financial condition.