S-1 1 tm2112714-9_s1.htm S-1 tm2112714-9_s1 - none - 33.9223927s
As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 7, 2021.
Registration No. 333-     
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM S-1
REGISTRATION STATEMENT
UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933
Clear Secure, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
7372
(Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)
86-2643981
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
65 East 55th Street, 17th Floor
New York, New York 10022
(646) 723-1404
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)
Matthew Levine, Esq.
General Counsel and Chief Privacy Officer
65 East 55th Street, 17th Floor
New York, New York 10022
(646) 723-1404
(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)
Copies to:
Brian M. Janson, Esq.
Gregory A. Ezring, Esq.
Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP
1285 Avenue of the Americas
New York, New York 10019-6064
(212) 373-3000
Catherine M. Clarkin, Esq.
Keith A. Pagnani, Esq.
Sullivan & Cromwell LLP
125 Broad Street
New York, New York 10004
(212) 558-4000
Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: As soon as practicable after the effective date of this registration statement.
If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933 check the following box. ☐
If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐
If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐
If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. ☐
CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE
Title of Each Class of Securities to be Registered
Proposed Maximum
Aggregate Offering
Price(1)(2)
Amount of
Registration
Fee
Class A common stock, par value $0.00001 per share
$ 100,000,000 $ 10,910
(1)
Includes the offering price of additional shares that the underwriters have the option to purchase. See “Underwriting.”
(2)
Estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the registration fee pursuant to Rule 457(o) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
The Registrant hereby amends this Registration Statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the Registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this Registration Statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until the Registration Statement shall become effective on such date as the Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

The information in this preliminary prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This preliminary prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.
Subject to completion, dated June 7, 2021
PROSPECTUS
                 Shares
[MISSING IMAGE: lg_clearnew-pn.jpg]
Clear Secure, Inc.
Class A Common Stock
This is the initial public offering of shares of Class A common stock of Clear Secure, Inc., a Delaware corporation. We are offering                 shares of Class A common stock.
Prior to this offering, there has been no public market for the Class A common stock. It is currently estimated that the initial public offering price per share will be between $      and $      .
Following this offering, Clear Secure, Inc. will have four classes of authorized common stock. The Class A common stock offered hereby and the Class C common stock will have one vote per share. The Class B common stock and the Class D common stock will have 20 votes per share. Alclear Investments, LLC, an entity controlled by Ms. Caryn Seidman-Becker, our co-founder and Chief Executive Officer, and Alclear Investments II, LLC, an entity controlled by Mr. Kenneth Cornick, our co-founder, President and Chief Financial Officer, will collectively hold all of our issued and outstanding Class B common stock and Class D common stock immediately after this offering and will control more than a majority of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock. As a result, they will be able to control any action requiring the general approval of our stockholders, including the election of our board of directors, the adoption of amendments to our certificate of incorporation and by-laws and the approval of any merger or sale of substantially all of our assets. Also as a result, we believe we are eligible for, but do not intend to take advantage of, the “controlled company” exemptions to the corporate governance rules for New York Stock Exchange-listed companies.
We intend to contribute the net proceeds from this offering to Alclear Holdings, LLC (“Alclear”) in exchange for a number of Alclear non-voting common units (“Alclear Units”) equal to the number of shares of Class A common stock we issue in this offering, and to cause Alclear to use such contributed amount to pay offering expenses and for general corporate purposes.
We intend to apply to list the Class A common stock on the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) under the symbol “YOU.”
We are also an “emerging growth company” as defined under the U.S. federal securities laws, and as such may elect to comply with reduced public company reporting requirements. See “Prospectus Summary—Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company.”
Investing in our Class A common stock involves risks. See “Risk Factors” on page 24 to read about factors you should consider before buying shares of our Class A common stock.
Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any other regulatory body has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the accuracy or adequacy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
Per Share
Total
Initial public offering price
$         $        
Underwriting discounts and commissions(1)
$ $
Proceeds, before expenses, to Clear Secure, Inc.
$ $
(1)
See “Underwriting” for additional information regarding the underwriters’ compensation and reimbursement of expenses.
The underwriters may exercise their option to purchase up to an additional                 shares of Class A common stock from us at the initial public offering price, less underwriting discounts and commissions, within 30 days after the date of this prospectus.
The underwriters expect to deliver the shares against payment in New York, New York on                 , 2021.
Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC J.P. Morgan Allen & Company LLC Wells Fargo Securities
LionTree
Stifel
Telsey Advisory GroupCenterview Partners Loop Capital Markets Roberts & Ryan
The date of this prospectus is                 , 2021.

 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
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F-1
Through and including                 , 2021 (the 25th day after the date of this prospectus), all dealers effecting transactions in these securities, whether or not participating in this offering, may be required to deliver a prospectus. This is in addition to a dealer’s obligation to deliver a prospectus when acting as an underwriter and with respect to an unsold allotment or subscription.
We have not, and the underwriters have not, authorized anyone to provide any information or to make any representations other than those contained in this prospectus or in any free writing prospectuses we have prepared. We and the underwriters take no responsibility for, and can provide no assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may give to you. We are offering to sell, and seeking offers to buy, shares of Class A common stock only in jurisdictions where offers and sales are permitted. You should assume that the information appearing in this prospectus is accurate only as of the date of this prospectus, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or of any sale of the Class A common stock. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since that date.
For investors outside the United States: neither we nor the underwriters have done anything that would permit this offering or possession or distribution of this prospectus or any free writing prospectus we may provide to you in connection with this offering in any jurisdiction where
 
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action for that purpose is required, other than in the United States. You are required to inform yourselves about and to observe any restrictions relating to this offering and the distribution of this prospectus and any such free writing prospectus outside of the United States.
INDUSTRY AND MARKET DATA
Unless otherwise indicated, we obtained the market and competitive position data used throughout this prospectus from various sources, including our own research and estimates, surveys or studies conducted by third parties and industry or general publications and forecasts. Industry publications, surveys and forecasts generally state that they have obtained information from sources believed to be reliable, but there can be no assurance as to the accuracy and completeness of such information. While we believe that each of these surveys, studies, publications and forecasts is reliable, neither we nor the underwriters have independently verified such data and neither we nor the underwriters make any representation as to the accuracy of such information. Similarly, we believe our internal research and estimates are reliable but they have not been verified by any independent sources. In addition, while we believe that the industry and market information included herein is generally reliable, such information is inherently imprecise. While we are not aware of any misstatements regarding the industry and market data presented herein, our estimates involve risks and uncertainties and are subject to change based on various factors, including those discussed under the headings “Risk Factors” and “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” in this prospectus. These and other factors could cause results to differ materially from those expressed in the estimates made by the independent parties and by us.
TRADEMARKS
This prospectus contains references to our trademarks, trade names and service marks, such as “CLEAR” and “CLEAR Plus”, and to those belonging to other entities. Solely for convenience, trademarks, trade names and service marks referred to in this prospectus may appear without the ®, ™ or SM symbols, but such references are not intended to indicate, in any way, that we will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, our rights or the rights of the applicable licensor to these trademarks, trade names and service marks. We do not intend our use or display of other companies’ trademarks, trade names or service marks to imply a relationship with, or endorsement or sponsorship of us by, any other companies.
BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Unless we state otherwise or the context otherwise requires, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” “CLEAR” and the “Company” refer to Clear Secure, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries after giving effect to the reorganization transactions described under “Prospectus Summary—Corporate History and Organizational Structure.” Also, unless we state otherwise or the context otherwise requires, all information in this prospectus gives effect to the reorganization transactions described under “Prospectus Summary—Corporate History and Organizational Structure.” “Alclear” refers to Alclear Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and a consolidated subsidiary of ours following the reorganization transactions.
Following this offering, Alclear will be the predecessor of Clear Secure, Inc. for financial reporting purposes. Immediately following the reorganization transactions described under “Prospectus Summary—Corporate History and Organizational Structure,” Clear Secure, Inc. will be a holding company and its sole material asset will be its equity interest in Alclear. As the sole managing member of Alclear, Clear Secure, Inc. will operate the business and control the strategic decisions and day-to-day operations of Alclear and will also have a substantial financial interest in Alclear. As a result, we will consolidate the financial results of Alclear, and a portion of our net income (loss) will be allocated to the non-controlling interest to reflect the entitlement of the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (as defined below) to a portion of Alclear’s net income (loss). In addition, because Alclear will be under common control before and after the reorganization transactions, we will account for the reorganization transactions as a reorganization of entities under common control and will initially measure the interests
 
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of the CLEAR Pre-IPO Members in the assets and liabilities of Alclear at their carrying amounts as of the date of the completion of the reorganization transactions.
All consolidated financial statements presented in this prospectus have been prepared in U.S. dollars in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”). All financial information presented in this prospectus is derived from the consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus and has been presented in accordance with GAAP, except for the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash Flow, which are non-GAAP financial measures. We define “Adjusted EBITDA” as net income (loss) adjusted for income taxes, interest (income) expense, depreciation and amortization, losses on asset disposals, equity-based compensation expense, mark to market of warrant liability and other income. We define “Free Cash Flow” as net cash provided by (used in) operating activities adjusted for purchases of property and equipment plus the value of share repurchases over fair value. These non-GAAP measures are discussed in more detail in the section entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”
Throughout this prospectus, we provide a number of key performance indicators used by management. We review several operating metrics, including these key performance indicators, to evaluate our business, measure our performance, identify trends affecting our business, formulate financial projections and make strategic decisions. We believe these key performance indicators are useful to investors both because they allow for greater transparency with respect to key metrics used by management in its financial and operational decision-making, and they may be used by investors to help analyze the performance of our business. These performance indicators are discussed in more detail in the section entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Key Performance Indicators.” Except as otherwise specified, the following are key performance indicators used throughout this prospectus:

“Total Cumulative Enrollments” means the number of enrollments since inception as of the end of the period. An “Enrollment” is defined as any member who has registered for the CLEAR platform since inception and has a profile (including limited time free trials regardless of conversion to paid membership) net of duplicate and/or purged accounts. This includes CLEAR Plus (our consumer aviation subscription service) members who have completed enrollment with CLEAR and have ever activated a payment method, plus associated family accounts.

“Total Cumulative Platform Uses” means the number of individual engagements across CLEAR use cases, including in-airport verifications, since inception as of the end of the period. We also include airport lounge access verifications, sports and entertainment venue verifications and Health Pass surveys, which are currently immaterial, since inception as of the end of the period.

“Annual CLEAR Plus Net Member Retention” means one minus the CLEAR Plus net member churn on a rolling 12 month basis. We define “CLEAR Plus net member churn” as total cancellations net of winbacks in the trailing 12 month period divided by the average CLEAR Plus members as of the beginning of each month within the same 12 month period. Winbacks are defined as reactivated members who have been cancelled for at least 60 days. Active CLEAR Plus members are defined as members who have completed enrollment with CLEAR and have activated a payment method for our in-airport CLEAR Plus service, including their registered family plan members. Active CLEAR Plus members include those in a grace period of up to 45 days after a billing failure during which time we attempt to collect updated payment information.

“Total Bookings” means our total revenue plus the change in deferred revenue during the period. Total Bookings in any particular period reflect sales to new and renewing CLEAR Plus subscribers plus any accrued billings to partners.
 
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PROSPECTUS SUMMARY
This summary highlights selected information that is presented in greater detail elsewhere in this prospectus. This summary does not contain all of the information that you should consider before investing in our Class A common stock. Before making an investment decision, you should read this entire prospectus carefully, including the discussion under the heading “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and the consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto contained elsewhere in this prospectus. This prospectus includes forward looking-statements that involve risks and uncertainties. See “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” for more information.
Our Vision
With CLEAR, you are always you. We believe your identity should enable a frictionless and safe journey—both physically and digitally. Your secure identity is foundational to enabling frictionless everyday experiences, connecting you to the cards in your wallet and transforming the way you live, work and travel. All powered by our platform.
Our History
We launched CLEAR in 2010 to create a frictionless travel experience while enhancing homeland security.
Following 9/11, there was a dire need for safer and easier experiences in the aviation industry and biometrics helped solve this requirement by building an unbreakable link between you and your identity. Travelers were eager to return to the skies but demanded predictable and safe experiences. CLEAR’s secure identity platform—which uses biometrics (e.g., eyes, face and fingerprints) to automate the identity verification process through CLEAR lanes in airports—helped make the travel experience safer AND easier as well as more predictable AND trusted for both our members and partners.
Since our inception, we envisioned a wide range of consumer applications that would be subject to similar secular trends. Today, consumers expect frictionless experiences in different facets of their lives, and businesses are seeking to create safer and more seamless customer and employee journeys. This is now known as the convenience economy. We believe COVID-19 has further accelerated these trends.
Our Business
Since 2010 we have been expanding our network, investing in our technology platform, strengthening our operations and developing our people to consistently deliver increased value to members and partners, resulting in the growth and trust of the CLEAR brand.
We have built an extensive physical footprint with a nationwide network of airports, stadiums and businesses to offer members frictionless, trusted experiences as they move and transact throughout the day in both physical and digital environments. As of May 31, 2021, our expansive network of partners and use cases provide our members with access to our nationwide network of 38 airports covering 106 checkpoints, 26 sports and entertainment partners, and 67 Health Pass-enabled partners and events covering 110 unique locations, as well as a growing number of offices, restaurants, theatres, casinos and theme parks. The continued expansion of our partnerships enable our partners to integrate with CLEAR and our members to use CLEAR in new places and in new ways.
Our technology platform delivers an elegant, consumer-centric front-end user experience. Our flexible technology stack is highly secure, scalable, and modular to enable our partners to seamlessly integrate with our platform. Securing data and protecting member privacy has been our member pledge since our founding. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (the “DHS”) has certified our information security program at a FISMA High Rating (the highest designation according to the Federal Information Security Modernization Act).
 
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Today, our owned and operated businesses such as CLEAR Plus (our consumer aviation subscription service) and our mobile applications are the largest users of our platform. We have enabled 61 million Total Cumulative Platform Uses across 63 airports and live sports and entertainment partners as of March 31, 2021. Our approximately 1,400 hospitality and security focused ambassadors and field managers on the ground bring our technology to life and work to deliver exceptional member experience everyday.
Our network, technology platform, operational expertise and ambassadors have helped us achieve our trusted brand and an average 2020 net promoter score (“NPS”) of 75. We use NPS to help measure our member experience and satisfaction. NPS scores are measured with a single question survey asking, “How likely are you to recommend CLEAR to a colleague or friend?” on a scale of 1-10, with a higher score being more desirable. NPS is calculated by subtracting the percentage of “detractors” ​(score 0-6) from “promoters” ​(score 9-10) with a possible score range between negative 100 and 100. Our members know when they see the CLEAR brand to expect a frictionless, fast and secure experience. Similarly, our partners trust CLEAR to enable them to deliver the same frictionless, fast and easy experiences to their own customers. Both our members and partners are passionate about CLEAR.
Our business model is powered by network effects and characterized by efficient member acquisition and high member retention rates. Our largest CLEAR Plus member acquisition channel is in-airport (representing 72% and 62% of member acquisitions for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively), where our prominent branding and expansive physical footprint allow prospective members to engage with CLEAR’s brand, ambassadors and technology firsthand. Our passionate member base further drives viral, word of mouth marketing and high annual member retention rates. As we add partners, products and locations, our platform becomes more valuable to our members. In turn, as we grow membership, our platform is more valuable to our existing and prospective partners. This is evident in our accelerated growth rate since inception—it took seven years to reach our first million members, but less than one year to reach each of our second, third, fourth and fifth million members—and our approximately 16 times Lifetime Value relative to our Customer Acquisition Cost for CLEAR Plus members who joined during 2019. For our definitions of “Lifetime Value” and “Customer Acquisition Cost” and information about how we calculate these metrics, see “—Our Member Acquisition and Retention Strategy.”
We believe our brand and growing network will create transformational experiences across large parts of our members’ daily lives, much as credit card networks ushered in digitization of payments. With our operational expertise, member and partner scale, strong consumer brand, robust technology stack, secure identity platform and compelling financial profile, we believe we are uniquely positioned to solve the large and growing need to deliver safer, frictionless experiences to consumers and businesses. We intend to continue to expand the number of places and ways our members can use CLEAR, in turn increasing utility, engagement and membership.
COVID-19
Beginning in early 2020, the COVID-19 global health pandemic had a significant and horrific impact on people’s health, safety, and economic well-being. It also had a material adverse impact on the global and domestic travel industries, resulting from government instituted legal restrictions on travel, shelter-in-place orders and mandated quarantine periods to prevent the spread of the disease.
We responded swiftly and aggressively to the COVID-19 operating environment by eliminating marketing spend and reducing operating expenses while caring for and supporting our team, our members and our partners. At the same time we accelerated investments in our platform, including our healthcare vertical, and developed our Health Pass product, which connects our members’ identity to a digital health credential, giving them control over and access to their healthcare information.
We are proud of the resilience of our business and grateful for the commitment of our team through this challenging period. While United States domestic airline passenger volumes declined 60% in 2020 as compared to 2019, our Total Cumulative Enrollments increased 12.3% year-on-year to 5.2 million and we maintained Annual CLEAR Plus Net Member Retention of 78.8% (compared to 86.2% in 2019). While our Total Bookings declined 10.6% year-on-year, from $236.0 million to $211.0 million, and we
 
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incurred net losses of $54.2 million and $9.3 million in 2019 and 2020, respectively, our total revenue increased 20% from $192.3 million in 2019 to $230.8 million in 2020.
Our Network Effects
Our platform is multi-faceted and a powerful network of networks. We started in airports and witnessed accelerating member growth in both new markets and existing markets as our network expanded. As we launched new use cases in existing markets, we saw accelerated growth and improved retention. The ability to use CLEAR in more locations in more ways increases our utility to our members. The larger our member base becomes, the more valuable our platform becomes to our current and prospective partners who utilize our platform to better realize their business objectives. As a result, our growth strategy is focused on simultaneously growing our CLEAR members while continuing to add valuable partners to our network and expanding the functionality and availability of our platform.
Our member base includes paying members and platform members. Paying members subscribe to our CLEAR Plus consumer aviation subscription service, which enables access to predictable and fast experiences through dedicated entry lanes in airport security checkpoints across the nation as well as our broader network.
Platform members include members who enrolled through our mobile app and formerly paying CLEAR Plus members. Platform members can use CLEAR anywhere in our network outside of our CLEAR Plus service.
Typically new platform members are driven to enroll by one of our partners who integrate with CLEAR to enable frictionless experiences for their customers.
Platform members are also driven to enroll directly to access our expanding portfolio of free mobile applications. Today these include CLEAR Pass for U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) Mobile Passport Control (international arrivals), Health Pass (which includes validation of COVID testing results and digitization of vaccine status), and Home to Gate (end-to-end frictionless travel journeys).
Our Offerings
Secure Identity Platform
Our secure identity platform is a multi-layered infrastructure consisting of both our front-end, including enrollment, verification and linking, and our robust, secure and scalable back-end. To engage with our platform, members simply enroll one time through our fast, secure and easy enrollment process.
We have a deep organizational commitment to preserving our members’ privacy and ensuring members have ultimate control of their personal information. This commitment has been core to our member pledge since our founding over 11 years ago. We have a comprehensive information security program and a robust cybersecurity posture that uses industry best practices with administrative, technical and physical safeguards to protect against anticipated threats or hazards to the security, confidentiality or integrity of our platform’s systems and information. Our information security core tenets include the application of encryption at rest and in transit, firewalls, multi-factor authentication, granular role-based access control, physical and personnel security (including training), intrusion detection and data loss prevention. We have a commitment to members being in control of their own information and never sell member data.
We have been certified at the highest level of security by our government regulators. The DHS has certified CLEAR’s information security program at a FISMA High Rating (the highest designation according to the Federal Information Security Modernization Act).
Consumer Subscription Service
CLEAR Plus
CLEAR Plus is our consumer aviation subscription service, which enables access to predictable and fast experiences through dedicated entry lanes in airport security checkpoints across the nation as
 
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well as our broader network. With CLEAR Plus, members use our touchless biometric verification technology to validate their identity and travel credentials. Our team of hospitality and security focused ambassadors help bring our technology to life by delivering a frictionless journey alongside excellent service.
TSA PreCheck® Application Program
In January 2020, we were selected by the Transportation Security Administration (“TSA”) as an awardee in the TSA Biometric PreCheck® Expansion Services and Vetting Program. We will leverage our marketing expertise, operational footprint and ambassador network to handle subscription renewal processing and new enrollments for the TSA PreCheck® program, as well as offer a CLEAR/TSA PreCheck® bundled subscription for customers who are new to both CLEAR and to TSA PreCheck®. We will provide the ability to renew TSA PreCheck® memberships on our website and complete new enrollments in-airport through our ambassador network. This program is expected to launch in the second half of 2021.
Nationwide Physical Network
We have built an extensive physical footprint with a nationwide network of use cases including airports, stadiums and businesses to offer members frictionless, trusted experiences as they move and transact throughout the day in both physical and digital environments. As of May 31, 2021, members can access our nationwide network of 38 airports covering 106 checkpoints, 26 sports and entertainment partners, and 67 Health Pass-enabled partners and events covering 110 unique locations, as well as a growing number of offices, restaurants, theatres, casinos and theme parks.
Mobile
We also engage with our members via two mobile apps: the flagship CLEAR app and CLEAR Pass for CBP Mobile Passport Control.
CLEAR App
The CLEAR app is our primary consumer-facing digital product which facilitates new user enrollment and member engagement from their mobile device. Features of the CLEAR mobile app include:

Enroll in CLEAR and manage your membership—enrolling as a CLEAR member is a quick and easy process that can be handled directly through the CLEAR app via facial biometric recognition technology and validating a government-issued identification. This one-time enrollment can be completed in minutes and gives members access to our offerings and an easy upgrade path to CLEAR Plus at our airport locations.

Home to Gate—members can have a predictable day-of-travel experience by inputting their flight number to access helpful information to assist their journey from the time they leave their home until they board the plane. Home to Gate integrates flight departure times, traffic data, security screening, gate number and terminal walking times to their exact gate.

Health Pass—a free digital health credential service that uses CLEAR’s established biometric platform to connect members’ verified identity with health attributes such as COVID-19 test results, vaccination status, and health screening responses. Health Pass provides a critical solution to help individuals and businesses return to pre-COVID-19 normal.

Touchless Access—we also enable touchless access to select partner services and venues, including airport lounges and event venues.
CLEAR Pass for CBP Mobile Passport Control
CLEAR Pass for CBP Mobile Passport Control is a free-to-use mobile app that streamlines entry to the United States. The app enables digital submission of certain U.S. Customs and Border Protection forms and U.S. entry via the mobile passport control lane, helping the CBP and travelers streamline the passport control process into an effortless and convenient journey.
 
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Partner Integrations
We have built extensive software development kits (“SDKs”) and application programming interface (“API”) capabilities to enable our partners to seamlessly integrate directly with our platform. We have designed these capabilities with the goal of allowing our platform to enable better, faster and more frictionless experiences for our partners’ customers, while enabling our partners to continue to control and manage the direct relationship with their customer under their own brand.
Our Value Proposition to Members and Partners
For our members, we have built a consumer-centric user experience that helps eliminate friction in their lives. We started with their travel journey and are expanding into their daily interactions in the physical and digital worlds. For our partners, we believe our rapidly expanding membership base and our platform strengthens their customer relationships and can elevate the experience they deliver daily to customers and employees.
Why Our Members Love Us
We are obsessed with our members’ experience and seek to continually enhance the value we deliver to them through our platform as reflected by our strong member growth and our average 2020 NPS score of 75. We provide the following key benefits to our members:

We seek to transform manual experiences into seamless end-to-end journeys.

We expand how and where our members can use CLEAR.

We invest in innovation.

Our ambassadors bring CLEAR to life for our members.

Trust and privacy are the foundation of CLEAR.
Why Our Partners Love Us
Our platform is designed to enable our partners to further their business objectives, better serve their customers’ needs and elevate their customers’ experiences. By transforming the end-to-end consumer journey, we believe CLEAR enables our partners to capture not just a greater share of their customers’ wallet, but a greater share of their overall lives. We benefit our partners in a variety of ways, including:

We are a committed partner for innovation.

We have a large, highly engaged and growing CLEAR member base.

Our brand is trusted.

Security is paramount.

We significantly benefit the airport communities in which we operate.

We operate our own direct-to-consumer offering, creating strong alignment with our partners.
Our Member Acquisition and Retention Strategy
We have focused our member acquisition strategy around delivering exceptional experiences to build brand trust as well as driving network effects by adding new partners, products and locations to increase our value proposition.
Our largest CLEAR Plus member acquisition channel is our highly efficient in-airport channel, where our prominent branding and expansive physical footprint allows prospective members to engage with CLEAR’s brand, ambassadors and technology firsthand. Our expanding portfolio of free mobile applications attracts new platform members directly to our platform and creates enhanced value for our CLEAR Plus members. As a result, we expect our platform member acquisition costs to remain low.
 
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We measure our CLEAR Plus member Lifetime Value and Customer Acquisition Cost in an effort to measure the efficiency of our member acquisition and retention strategy. Lifetime Value is calculated by estimating the cumulative dollar contribution over the estimated lifetime of a CLEAR Plus member. To estimate retention rates we use an average of CLEAR Plus Net Member Retention between 2019 and 2020. We estimate the dollar contribution as the annual revenue per member less estimated direct costs to service that member including revenue share, credit card fees, and member service expense to process that member in a CLEAR lane. Customer Acquisition Cost is calculated by dividing total 2019 airport-related marketing spend, inclusive of commissions, by total new paying CLEAR Plus members who joined during 2019. On this basis, we achieved a Lifetime Value to Customer Acquisition Cost ratio of approximately 16 times for members who joined during 2019, which is the last year available for which we can measure renewals.
Our Competitive Advantages
Trusted and Extensible Brand with Passionate Member Base
From our founding, we have been obsessed with the CLEAR member experience. We have been expanding our network, investing in our technology platform, strengthening our operations and developing our people to consistently deliver increased value to members and partners, resulting in our trusted and valued brand. Our average 2020 NPS of 75 is a reflection of the passion our members have for CLEAR, particularly our CLEAR lanes and our approximately 1,400 hospitality and security focused ambassadors and field managers. Our passionate member base drives viral, word of mouth marketing and high annual retention rates. This is evident in our accelerated growth rate since inception and our approximately 16 times Lifetime Value relative to our Customer Acquisition Cost for CLEAR Plus members who joined during 2019. It took seven years to reach our first million members, but less than one year to reach each of our second, third, fourth and fifth million members. Our strong brand has enabled our expansion into new markets such as live sports and entertainment venues as well as digital health.
Operational Expertise at Scale
Today, our owned and operated businesses such as CLEAR Plus and mobile applications are the largest users of our platform. Operating and scaling our own consumer-facing service, CLEAR Plus, over the past 11 years has given us experience and capabilities that are hard to replicate, and an environment for innovation that benefits all of our partners. We have significant expertise implementing and seamlessly operating our platform’s combination of pod hardware, biometric technology and physical human interactions across 64 regulated or complex environments such as airports and live sporting events. We also manage a growing ambassador and field manager workforce of approximately 1,400 who are deployed across our expansive network of locations to implement our platform and continue to build our brand reputation. We combine our on-the-ground operational expertise with strong customer acquisition and retention, digital marketing, software and mobile application development and cybersecurity capabilities.
Platform Originated in High Security Aviation Environment
We started in aviation security, a regulated environment requiring a robust physical and information security posture. By building our platform in this context, we invested in, and were held accountable for, industry leading security, scalability and reliability. Our comprehensive information security program uses industry best practices with administrative, technical and physical safeguards to protect against anticipated threats or hazards to the security, confidentiality or integrity of CLEAR systems and information. We are certified as Qualified Anti-Terrorism Technology under the Support Anti-Terrorism by Fostering Effective Technologies Act of 2002 (“SAFETY Act”) and FISMA High Rating compliant which governs requirements for protecting sensitive data by the DHS. We continue to operate in aviation security today, and we use a single platform across all our use cases, both for our owned and operated businesses, such as CLEAR Plus, and for the experiences offered by our partners. As such, we bring our high standards of security, scalability, and reliability to every environment in which members engage with CLEAR.
 
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Innovative and Scalable Platform
We believe that the significant investments we have made in our technology platform are a key differentiator for our business. Our approximately 200 person technology team leads platform innovation inside CLEAR. We have spent more than 11 years to create our scalable and secure back-end and our easy-to-use consumer front-end. The scalability of our platform is demonstrated by our ability to quickly launch new features. For example, in 2020 we were able to rapidly develop and launch Health Pass given the strength and modularity of CLEAR. We have also developed SDK and API capabilities to enable our partners to leverage our innovation and enable better experiences for their customers.
Powerful Network Effects
The power of network effects on our business model became evident as we added additional locations and our membership growth accelerated. Given the lengthy airport sales cycle and scarcity of airport real estate, it took us seven years to build a critical mass of airports to attract the first million members. Once we achieved this scale, the power of national network effects began to take hold. As the likelihood that a domestic traveler would have access to a CLEAR lane increased, the value proposition of our CLEAR Plus offering increased substantially. While it took seven years to reach the first million members, it took less than one year to reach each of our second, third, fourth and fifth million members. In 2015, we embarked on a strategy to add additional local CLEAR lanes at stadiums and live entertainment venues. This strategy created a second local network effect, increasing the value proposition of CLEAR Plus within a given city and meaningfully improving our member retention. The combination of these two powerful network effects drives both member growth and retention which we believe ultimately fuels our revenue growth. Over the past five years, our strategy expanded as our platform’s capabilities have evolved. Our investment in our platform and products and the expanding scale of our membership have accelerated the addition of new partners that are further accelerating our membership growth and increasing verifications.
Attractive Growth While Maintaining Disciplined Capital Allocation
We have consistently focused on growth by investing in our secure identity platform, expanding our nationwide network and partnerships, adding talented team members and continuing to innovate. We are disciplined capital allocators and have achieved our current scale on net invested capital of approximately $50 million. Our business model is powered by network effects and characterized by efficient member acquisition and high retention rates. Our largest CLEAR Plus member acquisition channel is in-airport (representing 72% and 62% of member acquisitions for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively), where our prominent branding and expansive physical footprint allow prospective members to engage with CLEAR’s brand, ambassadors and technology firsthand. As we add partners, products and locations, our platform becomes more valuable to our members.
Led by Experienced, Visionary Team
CLEAR was purchased and relaunched in 2010 by Ms. Caryn Seidman-Becker, our Chief Executive Officer, and Mr. Kenneth Cornick, our President and Chief Financial Officer. CLEAR is still executing on the original vision today, with Ms. Seidman-Becker and Mr. Cornick continuing to lead the business 11 years later. They are substantial owners of CLEAR and operate the business with the goal of long-term value creation. Ms. Seidman-Becker’s and Mr. Cornick’s prior investment experience informs their efficient capital allocation strategy, and they have attracted a deeply experienced team to accelerate CLEAR’s next phase of growth.
Our Opportunity
We believe that only you are you—your identity should enable a frictionless and safe journey wherever you are. Our platform allows members to use a single identity to move frictionlessly through a network of different experiences, both digital and physical, while partners can instantly turn on frictionless access and better experiences for the millions of members who use the CLEAR platform. We believe that our market opportunity is vast and supported by several significant long-term tailwinds driving demand for our platform.
 
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Trends in Our Favor

Re-opening of and return to secular growth in the travel industry:   The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a dramatic collapse in United States domestic airline passenger volumes in 2020. As the penetration of the COVID-19 vaccinations increases, we believe the travel industry will re-open and return to secular growth. Over the longer term, we believe the travel industry will resume growing at a rate above GDP growth, as it consistently did prior to 2020.

Expanded Airport Footprint and Travel Partner Network:   Compounding the anticipated rebound in travel post the COVID-19 pandemic, we have materially increased our airport footprint and added several large marketing partners in the last 24 months. Typically we experience outsized member growth when we launch new airports and marketing partnerships.

Increasing consumer expectations for seamless and customized experiences:   Today consumers in both their digital and physical experiences expect to dictate when, where and how they want a particular service. Today’s consumer rewards brands who they believe are committed to elevating their experiences and according to Forbes, 83% of consumers admit to paying as much attention to how brands treat them as to the product they sell.

Increased consumer and regulatory focus on information privacy and transparency:   Privacy is an increasingly important priority for consumers, with heightened awareness of data sharing as digital technology adoption accelerates.

Acceleration of digital and contactless experiences:   COVID-19 has underscored the need for efficient and contactless interactions, with shifting priorities towards health and safety. Individuals are reassessing the way they interact, with 62% of consumers expected to increase their use of touchless technologies after the pandemic subsides, according to Capgemini.

Accelerating consumerization of healthcare:   Consumerization of healthcare is a technology-enabled trend that has been accelerated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Patients have more control than ever over how, where and when they seek care—both physically and digitally. Bolstered by regulation requiring greater interoperability of healthcare data, consumers’ need for control with respect to their data and a desire for a better patient experience, we believe the demand for our secure identity solution in the healthcare sector is significant.
Addressable Market
We believe we are well positioned to address the following significant market opportunities:

Aviation and Travel:   The domestic aviation market has penetrated a significant portion of the American adult population and has been a driving force in our growth trajectory since we launched our CLEAR Plus offering. A 2017 Airlines for America survey suggests that approximately 90 million American adults fly two times or more per year and approximately 31 million fly six times or more per year. Additionally, the Bureau of Transport Statistics reported over 810 million non-unique domestic travelers in 2019. We believe the scale of the domestic aviation and travel markets provides a substantial opportunity for us to use our platform to drive membership growth.

Hospitality:   Given our leadership in travel, the hospitality industry represents a natural extension for our platform. According to Cushman & Wakefield’s U.S. Lodging Industry Overview, there were approximately 1.3 billion room nights occupied nationwide in 2019, representing a significant verification opportunity for our platform.

Live Sports and Entertainment:   The live sports and entertainment industry was the first major extension of our platform and is expected to be a driver of growth moving forward. According to ESPN, there were approximately 130 million sports attendees in 2019 across The National Football League (“NFL”), the National Basketball Association (“NBA”), Major League Baseball (“MLB”) and the National Hockey League (“NHL”). Similarly, live music entertainment attracted nearly 60 million attendees in 2019 according to Statista. We believe that each of these attendance instances represent a verification opportunity for our platform.
 
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Healthcare:   We believe our secure identity platform has multiple use cases in thousands of hospitals and doctors’ offices nationwide including patient check-in, digital medical records, telehealth and verified identity. Based on data compiled by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, or the “CDC,” we estimate that there are over one billion healthcare visits in the United States annually. Our Health Pass product was our first example of connecting verified identity with health insights.

Location Access:   According to Forrester, there are approximately 115 million knowledge workers in North America. Our biometric identity platform has the potential to play a key role in enabling the frictionless return to the office for these knowledge workers.

Global Extensibility:   While we are domestically focused today, we believe our platform is applicable to potential members and partners around the world. As a result, we believe our global market opportunity is significantly larger than our domestic market opportunity.
Our Growth Strategies
We have a significant track record of member growth within our domestic aviation vertical, and our platform has numerous adjacencies for further expansion.
Key elements of our growth strategy include:

Grow CLEAR Plus Members:   We see growth opportunities in our CLEAR Plus member base. We are still in the early stages of growth as our airport footprint as of May 31, 2021 covers approximately 57% of the total 2019 TSA departure volume. As of March 31, 2021, our Total Cumulative Enrollments of 5.6 million represents about 4% Metropolitan Statistical Area (“MSA”) penetration of our existing markets collectively. In Denver, one of our more developed markets, MSA penetration is about 11% as of May 31, 2021 and is still growing by approximately one percentage point per year. This implies we have a meaningful growth opportunity in our existing markets, as seen in Denver, where Total Bookings grew at a 44% compound annual growth rate (“CAGR”) between 2014 and 2019 and profit margins expanded approximately 1800 basis points over the same time period. We believe we can continue to open CLEAR lanes in new airports and new CLEAR lanes in our existing airports. We also believe there are opportunities to develop new features such as touchless lounge access and bag drop to improve the member and partner experience.

Launch TSA PreCheck® enrollment program:   We believe our TSA PreCheck® enrollment award will drive significant growth for TSA’s program and a meaningful incremental revenue opportunity to CLEAR as we manage renewal processing and new enrollments for TSA PreCheck® subscriptions. Our TSA PreCheck® award also offers a significant top-of-funnel opportunity to acquire new CLEAR Plus members as we intend to offer a CLEAR/TSA PreCheck® bundled product for customers who are new to both CLEAR and to TSA.

Expand our partnerships and distribution channels:   We intend to continue to pursue commercial partners as a means to broaden our distribution channel reach and accelerate member growth. These partnerships and channels are likely to include new airlines, credit card partners, professional sports leagues and teams, digital marketplaces and retail enterprises.

Expand into new verticals and products:   We have already made significant progress expanding from aviation into select new verticals, including travel and hospitality, live sports and entertainment and healthcare. We plan to continue investing in each of these verticals to increase the growth of our platform, member base and our network locations where our members can use and our partners can integrate with CLEAR. We believe we have a proven platform business with numerous natural adjacencies and as our member base and product portfolio grow, we believe we will have the opportunity to grow into new verticals. This portfolio includes, but is not limited to, payments, location access, ticketing, age validation and health profiles. We may also seek to expand our platform to include single sign-on in addition to our existing API and SDK integration capabilities, which may create new revenue streams through new business models.
 
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Acquisitions and corporate development opportunities:   We may opportunistically pursue selective acquisitions and other corporate development opportunities to complement our existing platform capabilities and further accelerate our growth and platform adoption.

International expansion:   Our platform is highly scalable and can be rapidly deployed in new markets. We believe that there is likely to be global demand for our secure identity platform. While in the near-term the North American market remains our highest priority, we may later consider extending our network into geographies outside of the United States.
Risk Factors Summary
Participating in this offering involves substantial risk. Our ability to execute our strategies is also subject to certain risks. The risks described under the heading “Risk Factors” immediately following this summary may cause us not to realize the full benefits of our competitive strengths or may cause us to be unable to successfully execute all or part of our strategies. Some of the more significant challenges and risks we face include the following:

failure to add new members, retain existing members, increase CLEAR Plus memberships or increase the utilization of our platform;

failure to add new partners, retain existing partners or profit from partner relationships;

our inability to maintain the value and reputation of our brand;

risks associated with our financial performance, including the risk of increased expenses and net losses in the near term and our ability to achieve profitability in the future;

failure to successfully compete against existing and future competitors, and the highly competitive market in which we operate;

risks associated with the increased adoption of new technological solutions and services, including third-party identity verification solutions and credential authentication solutions, at locations where we operate or may operate in the future;

public confidence in, and acceptance of, identity platforms and biometrics generally, and our platform specifically;

risks associated with our commercial agreements and strategic alliances, as well as potential indemnification obligations, and certain of our agreements with third parties;

risks associated with our growth and ability to develop and introduce platform features and offerings;

risks associated with any decline or disruption in the travel industry or a general economic downturn;

risks associated with breaches of our information technology systems, protection of our intellectual property, technology and confidential information and failures by third-party technology and devices on which our business relies;

our reliance on third-party technology and information systems to help complete critical business functions and our ability to find alternatives if such third-party technology and information systems fail;

limitations of the SAFETY Act’s liability protections;

our ability to meet the standards set for our airport operations by governmental stakeholders; and

failure to comply with the constantly evolving laws and regulations that we are subject to or may become subject to.
The above list is not exhaustive. See “Risk Factors” immediately following this “Prospectus Summary” for a more thorough discussion of these and other risks and uncertainties we face.
 
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Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company
We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a)(19) of the Securities Act, as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”) and are eligible to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not “emerging growth companies,” including, but not limited to: (1) presenting only two years of audited financial statements in addition to any required unaudited interim financial statements with correspondingly reduced “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” disclosure in this prospectus; (2) not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”); (3) having reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation; (4) being exempt from the requirements to hold a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation or seek stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved; and (5) not being required to adopt certain accounting standards applicable to public companies until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies.
Although we are still evaluating our options under the JOBS Act, we may take advantage of some or all of the reduced regulatory and reporting requirements that will be available to us so long as we qualify as an “emerging growth company” and thus the level of information we provide may be different than that of other public companies. If we do take advantage of any of these exemptions, some investors may find our securities less attractive, which could result in a less active trading market for our Class A common stock, and the price of our Class A common stock may be more volatile. As an “emerging growth company” under the JOBS Act, we are permitted to delay the adoption of new or revised accounting pronouncements applicable to public companies until such pronouncements are made applicable to private companies. We are electing to take advantage of such extended transition period, and as a result, we will not comply with new or revised accounting standards on the relevant dates on which adoption of such standards is required for non-emerging growth companies until the earlier of the date we (i) are no longer an “emerging growth company” or (ii) affirmatively and irrevocably opt out of the extended transition period provided in the JOBS Act. As a result, our financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with new or revised accounting pronouncements as of public company effective dates. Early adoption is permitted.
We could remain an “emerging growth company” until the earliest to occur of:

the last day of the year following the fifth anniversary of this offering;

the last day of the first year in which our annual gross revenues exceed an amount specified by regulation (currently $1.07 billion);

the day we are deemed to be a “large accelerated filer” as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), which would occur if the market value of our common stock held by non-affiliates exceeded $700.0 million as of the last business day of the second quarter of such year; and

the date on which we have issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt securities during the preceding three-year period.
Corporate History and Organizational Structure
We were formed as a Delaware corporation on March 2, 2021. We currently conduct our business through Alclear and its subsidiaries. We will enter into a series of transactions to reorganize our capital structure in connection with this offering. These reorganization transactions are designed to create a capital structure that preserves our ability to conduct our business through Alclear and its subsidiaries, while permitting us to raise additional capital and provide access to liquidity through a public company. Multiple classes of securities at the public company level are necessary to achieve these objectives.
The Reorganization Transactions
Prior to the consummation of the reorganization transactions described below and this offering, all of Alclear’s outstanding equity interests, including its Class A units, Class B units and profit units, are owned by the following persons, whom we refer to collectively as the “CLEAR Pre-IPO Members”:
 
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Alclear Investments, LLC, an entity controlled by Ms. Seidman-Becker, which we refer to as “Alclear Investments”;

Alclear Investments II, LLC, an entity controlled by Mr. Cornick, which we refer to as “Alclear Investments II” and which we refer to collectively with Alclear Investments as the “Founder Post-IPO Members”;

our other pre-IPO investors, including certain strategic alliance partners; and

certain of our current and former employees, members of management, service providers and members of the board of managers of Alclear.
Subsequent to March 31, 2021 and prior to the completion of this offering, we will consummate an internal reorganization, which we refer to as the “reorganization transactions.” In connection with the reorganization transactions, the following steps will occur:

Alclear will make a distribution to certain CLEAR Pre-IPO Members for the purpose of funding their tax obligations for periods prior to the pricing of this offering;

we will become the sole managing member of Alclear;

warrants of Alclear exercisable prior to this offering will, subject to their terms, to the extent not exercised by the holders thereof at their discretion, automatically be exercised for Class B units of Alclear;

we will amend and restate Alclear’s amended and restated operating agreement and provide that, among other things, all of Alclear’s outstanding equity interests, including its Class A units, Class B units and profit units, will be reclassified into Alclear non-voting common units, which we refer to as “Alclear Units.” The number of Alclear Units to be issued to each member of Alclear will be determined based on a hypothetical liquidation of Alclear and the initial public offering price per share of our Class A common stock in this offering, as well as a unit split to optimize the Company’s capital structure to facilitate this offering;

we will amend and restate our certificate of incorporation and will be authorized to issue four classes of common stock: Class A common stock, Class B common stock, Class C common stock and Class D common stock, which we refer to collectively as our “common stock.” The Class A common stock and Class C common stock will each provide holders with one vote per share on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders, and the Class B common stock and Class D common stock will each provide holders with 20 votes per share on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders. The holders of Class C common stock and Class D common stock will not have any of the economic rights (including rights to dividends and distributions upon liquidation) provided to holders of Class A common stock and Class B common stock. These attributes are summarized in the following table:
Class of Common Stock
Votes
Economic Rights
Class A common stock
1 Yes
Class B common stock
20 Yes
Class C common stock
1 No
Class D common stock
20 No
Shares of our common stock will generally vote together as a single class on all matters submitted to a vote of our stockholders;

certain other warrants of Alclear are not exercisable at or prior to this offering and, upon completion of this offering, will either, in accordance with their terms, (i) be exchanged for new warrants representing the right to receive Class A common stock or (ii) remain at Alclear and continue to be exercisable for Alclear Units in accordance with their terms;

the Founder Post-IPO Members will contribute a portion of their Alclear Units to us in exchange for Class B common stock;
 
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certain CLEAR Pre-IPO Members will contribute their Alclear Units to us in exchange for Class A common stock (the “Other Post-IPO Stockholders”);

outstanding restricted stock units (“RSUs”) in Alclear will be substituted with restricted stock units representing the right to receive our Class A common stock following the applicable vesting date;

we will form subsidiaries that will merge with and into certain entities that are treated as corporations for U.S. federal income tax purposes in which certain CLEAR Pre-IPO Members hold interests (the “Blocker Corporations” and the CLEAR Pre-IPO Members who hold interests in the Blocker Corporations, the “Blocker Stockholders”), and the surviving entities will then merge with and into us. We refer to these transactions as the “Mergers.” As consideration for the Mergers, we will issue to the Blocker Stockholders shares of our Class A common stock. We refer to the Blocker Stockholders as the “Blocker Post-IPO Stockholders” and the Blocker Post-IPO Stockholders and the Other Post-IPO Stockholders collectively as the “Investor Post-IPO Stockholders.” The number of shares of Class A common stock to be issued to the Blocker Post-IPO Stockholders will be based on the number of Alclear Units that we acquire;

the remaining members of Alclear after giving effect to the reorganization transactions, other than us, whom we refer to collectively as the “CLEAR Post-IPO Members,” will subscribe for and purchase shares of our common stock as follows, in each case at a purchase price of $0.00001 per share and in an amount equal to the number of Alclear Units held by each such CLEAR Post-IPO Member:

Alclear Investments will purchase        shares of our Class D common stock at a purchase price of $0.00001 per share;

Alclear Investments II will purchase             shares of our Class D common stock at a purchase price of $0.00001 per share; and

the other CLEAR Post-IPO Members will purchase an aggregate of             shares of our Class C common stock at a purchase price of $0.00001 per share; and

subject to certain restrictions, the Founder Post-IPO Members will be granted the right to exchange their Alclear Units, together with a corresponding number of shares of our Class D common stock, for, at our option, (i) shares of our Class B common stock or (ii) cash from a substantially concurrent public offering or private sale of Class A common stock (based on the market price of our Class A common stock in such public offering or private sale), and the other CLEAR Post-IPO Members will be granted the right to exchange their Alclear Units, together with a corresponding number of shares of our Class C common stock, for, at our option, (i) shares of our Class A common stock or (ii) cash from a substantially concurrent public offering or private sale of Class A common stock (based on the market price of our Class A common stock in such public offering or private sale). Each share of our Class B common stock and Class D common stock is convertible at any time, at the option of the holder, into one share of Class A common stock or Class C common stock, respectively. Furthermore, each share of our Class B common stock will automatically convert into one share of Class A common stock and each share of our Class D common stock will automatically convert into one share of our Class C common stock upon the occurrence of certain events as described in “Description of Capital Stock—Common Stock—Conversion, Transferability and Exchange.”
The following table sets forth the percentage of economic and voting interests of each class of investors in Clear Secure, Inc. as a result of the reorganization transactions and this offering based on an assumed initial public offering price of $    per share (the midpoint of the estimated
 
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public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus) and assuming the underwriters do not exercise their option to purchase additional shares in this offering from us:
Class of Common Stock
Economic Interest
(%)
Voting Power
(%)
Class A common stock*
Class B common stock
Class C common stock
0%
Class D common stock
0%
*
Includes investors in this offering, which will have an approximately   % of the economic interest and approximately   % of the voting power in Clear Secure, Inc. following the reorganization transactions and this offering.
Clear Secure, Inc. will be the sole managing member of Alclear and, immediately after giving effect to the reorganization transactions and this offering, based on an assumed initial public offering price of $     per share (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus) and assuming the underwriters do not exercise their option to purchase additional shares in this offering from us, Clear Secure, Inc. will own approximately      % of the economic interests in Alclear and the Clear Post-IPO Members will own approximately      % of the economic interests in Alclear. See “Organizational Structure” for further details.
After the completion of this offering, we intend to contribute the net proceeds from this offering to Alclear in exchange for a number of Alclear Units equal to the contribution amount divided by the price paid by the underwriters for shares of our Class A common stock in this offering (           Alclear Units at the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus or, if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full,           Alclear Units), and we intend to cause Alclear to use such contributed amount to pay offering expenses and for general corporate purposes.
We estimate that the offering expenses (other than the underwriting discounts and commissions) will be approximately $      million. All of such offering expenses will be paid for or otherwise borne by Alclear. See “Use of Proceeds” for further details.
The following diagram depicts our organizational structure following the reorganization transactions, this offering and the application of the net proceeds from this offering, including all of the transactions described above (assuming an initial public offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus) and no exercise of the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares). This chart is provided for illustrative purposes only and does not purport to represent all legal entities within our organizational structure:
 
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[MISSING IMAGE: tm2112714d9-fc_confibw.jpg]
(1)
Includes           unvested Alclear Units and corresponding shares of Class C common stock.
(2)
Includes           unvested Alclear Units and corresponding shares of Class D common stock.
(3)
Represents economic interest in Clear Secure, Inc. and not Alclear Holdings, LLC.
(4)
Classified as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
(5)
Classified as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
(6)
The Investor Post-IPO Stockholders include the Blocker Post-IPO Stockholders.
In connection with the reorganization transactions, we will be appointed as the sole managing member of Alclear pursuant to Alclear’s second amended and restated operating agreement. Because we will manage and operate the business and control the strategic decisions and day-to-day operations of Alclear and will also have a substantial financial interest in Alclear, we will consolidate the financial results of Alclear, and a portion of our net income (loss) will be allocated to the non-controlling interest to reflect the entitlement of the CLEAR Post-IPO Members to a portion of Alclear’s net income (loss). In addition, because Alclear will be under common control before and after the reorganization transactions, we will account for the reorganization transactions as a reorganization of entities under common control and will initially measure the interests of the CLEAR Pre-IPO Members in the assets and liabilities of Alclear at their carrying amounts as of the date of the completion of this reorganization transactions. See “Organizational Structure,” “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions” and “Description of Capital Stock” for more information on the rights associated with our capital stock and the Alclear Units.
Upon the completion of this offering and the application of the net proceeds from this offering, based on an assumed initial public offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus) and assuming no exercise of the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares, we will hold approximately    % of the outstanding Alclear Units, the CLEAR Post-IPO Members will hold approximately    % of the
 
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outstanding Alclear Units and approximately    % of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock, the Investor Post-IPO Stockholders will hold approximately    % of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock and the investors in this offering will hold approximately    % of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock. See “Organizational Structure,” “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions” and “Description of Capital Stock” for more information on the rights associated with our capital stock and the Alclear Units.
Future exchanges by the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or other assignees) of Alclear Units and corresponding shares of Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as the case may be, for shares of our Class A common stock or Class B common stock, respectively, and purchases of Alclear Units and corresponding shares of Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as the case may be, from CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or other assignees) are expected to produce favorable tax attributes. These tax attributes would not be available to us in the absence of those transactions. In connection with the reorganization transactions, we will enter into a tax receivable agreement that will obligate us to make payments to the CLEAR Post-IPO Members generally equal to 85% of the applicable cash savings that we actually realize as a result of these tax attributes and tax attributes resulting from payments made under the tax receivable agreement. We will retain the benefit of the remaining 15% of these tax savings. See “Organizational Structure—Holding Company Structure and Tax Receivable Agreement” and “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions—Tax Receivable Agreement.”
Our Principal Equityholders
Following the consummation of the reorganization transactions and this offering, the Founder Post-IPO Members will collectively control approximately    % of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock (or    % if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full) based on an assumed initial public offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus). As a result, the Founder Post-IPO Members will collectively control any action requiring the general approval of our stockholders, including the election of our board of directors, the adoption of amendments to our certificate of incorporation and by-laws and the approval of any merger or sale of substantially all of our assets.
Corporate Information
We were formed as a Delaware corporation on March 2, 2021. We are a newly formed corporation, have no material assets and have not engaged in any business or other activities except in connection with the reorganization transactions described under “Organizational Structure.” Our corporate headquarters are located at 65 East 55th Street, 17th Floor, New York, New York 10022, and our telephone number is (646) 723-1404. Our website address is www.clearme.com. Information contained on our website does not constitute a part of this prospectus.
 
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The Offering
Issuer
Clear Secure, Inc.
Class A common stock outstanding before this offering
       shares.
Class A common stock offered by us
       shares.
Option to purchase additional shares
We have granted the underwriters the right to purchase an additional        shares of Class A common stock from us within 30 days from the date of this prospectus.
Class A common stock to be outstanding immediately after this offering
       shares (or        shares if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full) based on an assumed initial public offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus).
If, immediately after this offering and the application of the net proceeds from this offering, all of the CLEAR Post-IPO Members elected to exchange their Alclear Units and corresponding shares of Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as applicable, for shares of our Class A common stock or Class B common stock, as applicable, and any such shares of our Class B common stock were then converted into shares of Class A common stock,         shares of our Class A common stock would be outstanding (or       shares if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full).
Class B common stock to be outstanding immediately after this offering
        shares based on an assumed initial public offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus). Shares of our Class B common stock have voting and economic rights and will be issued to the Founder Post-IPO Members in an amount equal to the number of Alclear Units held by the Founder Post-IPO Members that are exchanged for Class B common stock.
Class C common stock to be outstanding immediately after this offering
        shares based on an assumed initial public offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus). Shares of our Class C common stock have voting but no economic rights (including rights to dividends and distributions upon liquidation) and will be issued in an amount equal to the number of Alclear Units held by the CLEAR Post-IPO Members other than the Founder Post-IPO Members. When an Alclear Unit, together with a share of our Class C common stock, is exchanged for a share of our Class A
 
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common stock, the corresponding share of our Class C common stock will be cancelled.
Class D common stock to be outstanding immediately after this offering
        shares based on an assumed initial public offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus). Shares of our Class D common stock have voting but no economic rights (including rights to dividends and distributions upon liquidation) and will be issued in an amount equal to the number of Alclear Units held by the Founder Post-IPO Members other than the Alclear Units exchanged for Class B common stock in connection with the reorganization transactions. When an Alclear Unit, together with a share of our Class D common stock, is exchanged for a share of our Class B common stock, the corresponding share of our Class D common stock will be cancelled.
Voting rights
Each share of our Class A common stock entitles its holder to one vote per share, representing an aggregate of    % of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock upon the completion of this offering and the application of the net proceeds from this offering (or    % if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full).
Each share of our Class B common stock entitles its holder to 20 votes per share, representing an aggregate of    % of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock upon the completion of this offering and the application of the net proceeds from this offering (or    % if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full and giving effect to the use of the net proceeds therefrom).
Each share of our Class C common stock entitles its holder to one vote per share, representing an aggregate of    % of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock upon the completion of this offering and the application of the net proceeds from this offering (or    % if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full and giving effect to the use of the net proceeds therefrom).
Each share of our Class D common stock entitles its holder to 20 votes per share, representing an aggregate of    % of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock upon the completion of this offering and the application of the net proceeds from this offering (or    % if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full and giving effect to the use of the net proceeds therefrom).
All classes of our common stock generally vote together as a single class on all matters submitted to a vote of our stockholders. Upon the completion of this offering, our Class B common stock and Class D common stock will be held
 
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exclusively by the Founder Post-IPO Members and our Class C common stock will be held by the CLEAR Post-IPO Members other than the Founder Post-IPO Members. See “Description of Capital Stock.”
Exchange/conversion
Subject to certain restrictions, Alclear Units held by the Founder Post-IPO Members, together with a corresponding number of shares of our Class D common stock, may be exchanged for (i) shares of our Class B common stock on a one-for-one basis or (ii) cash from a substantially concurrent public offering or private sale of Class A common stock (based on the market price of our Class A common stock in such public offering or private sale), at our option (as managing member of Alclear), subject to customary conversion rate adjustments for stock splits, stock dividends and reclassifications.
Subject to certain restrictions, Alclear Units held by the CLEAR Post-IPO Members other than the Founder Post-IPO Members, together with a corresponding number of shares of our Class C common stock, may be exchanged for (i) shares of our Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis or (ii) cash from a substantially concurrent public offering or private sale of Class A common stock (based on the market price of our Class A common stock in such public offering or private sale), at our option (as managing member of Alclear), subject to customary conversion rate adjustments for stock splits, stock dividends and reclassifications.
Each share of our Class B common stock and Class D common stock is convertible at any time, at the option of the holder, into one share of Class A common stock or Class C common stock, respectively.
Each share of our Class B common stock will automatically convert into one share of Class A common stock and each share of our Class D common stock will automatically convert into one share of our Class C common stock upon the occurrence of certain events, as further described in “Description of Capital Stock—Common Stock—Conversion, Transferability and Exchange.”
Use of proceeds
We estimate that our net proceeds from this offering will be approximately $      million (or approximately $      million if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full), after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions, based on an assumed initial offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus). We intend to contribute the net proceeds from this offering to Alclear in exchange for a number of Alclear Units equal to the contribution amount divided by the price paid by the underwriters for shares of our Class A common stock in this offering (          Alclear Units at the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus or, if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full,          Alclear
 
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Units), and to cause Alclear to use such contributed amount to pay offering expenses and for general corporate purposes.
We estimate that the offering expenses (other than the underwriting discounts and commissions) will be approximately $      million. All of such offering expenses will be paid for or otherwise borne by Alclear.
We have broad discretion as to the application of such net proceeds to be used for general corporate purposes. Although we do not have any commitments or agreements to enter into any acquisitions or investments with any specific targets at this time, we may use such net proceeds to finance growth through the acquisition of, or investment in, businesses, products, services or technologies that are complementary to our current business, through mergers, acquisitions or other strategic transactions.
See “Use of Proceeds” for further details.
Dividend policy
We do not intend to pay cash dividends on our Class A common stock in the foreseeable future. However, we may, in the future, decide to pay dividends on our Class A common stock. Any declaration and payment of cash dividends in the future, if any, will be at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend upon such factors as our financial condition, earnings levels, cash flows, capital requirements, levels of indebtedness, restrictions imposed by applicable law, our overall financial condition, restrictions in our debt agreements, and any other factors deemed relevant by our board of directors.
See “Dividend Policy.”
Listing
We intend to apply to list our Class A common stock on the NYSE under the symbol “YOU.”
Risk factors
You should read the “Risk Factors” section of this prospectus for a discussion of factors that you should consider carefully before deciding to invest in shares of our Class A common stock.
Unless we indicate otherwise throughout this prospectus, the number of shares of our Class A common stock and Class B common stock outstanding after this offering excludes:

     shares of Class A common stock issuable pursuant to the restricted stock units to be issued in substitution of Alclear restricted stock units in the reorganization transactions;

     shares of Class A common stock issuable pursuant to equity-based awards that may be granted, including shares underlying the Founder PSUs (as defined herein) to be granted following the pricing of this offering, under the 2021 Omnibus Incentive Plan, which will become effective in connection with this offering (plus any potential annual evergreen increases pursuant to the terms of the 2021 Omnibus Incentive Plan). See “Executive Compensation—2021 Omnibus Incentive Plan”;

     shares of Class A common stock reserved for issuance upon the exchange of Alclear Units (together with the corresponding shares of our Class C common stock), and                shares of Class B common stock reserved for issuance upon the exchange of Alclear Units (together with the corresponding shares of our Class D common stock);
 
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     shares of our Class A common stock reserved for issuance upon the conversion of our Class B common stock into Class A common stock; and

up to            shares of our Class A common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants (either directly or indirectly through the exercise for Alclear Units that are exchangeable for shares of Class A common stock) that we issued to some of our strategic partners, including United Airlines, which are subject to vesting conditions.
Unless we indicate otherwise, all information in this prospectus assumes (i) that the underwriters do not exercise their option to purchase up to             additional shares from us and (ii) an initial public offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus).
 
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Summary Selected Historical and Pro Forma Condensed Consolidated Financial and Other Data
The following tables set forth summary selected historical and pro forma condensed consolidated financial and other data of Alclear, our accounting predecessor, for the periods presented. We were formed as a Delaware corporation on March 2, 2021 and have not, to date, conducted any activities other than those incidental to our formation and the preparation of this prospectus and the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part.
The condensed consolidated statement of operations data for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 and condensed consolidated balance sheet data as of March 31, 2021 have been derived from Alclear’s unaudited financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus.The condensed consolidated statement of operations data for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 and condensed consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 have been derived from Alclear’s audited financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus.
The unaudited pro forma condensed consolidated statement of operations data for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020 gives effect to the reorganization transactions described under “Organizational Structure” as if they had occurred on January 1, 2020. The unaudited pro forma condensed consolidated balance sheet data as of March 31, 2021 gives effect to (i) the reorganization transactions described under “Organizational Structure” and (ii) this offering and the use of proceeds from this offering as if each had occurred on March 31, 2021. See “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Consolidated Financial Information.”
The summary selected historical and pro forma consolidated financial and other data presented below do not purport to be indicative of the results that can be expected for any future period and should be read together with “Capitalization,” “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Consolidated Financial Information,” “Selected Historical Consolidated Financial Data,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our and Alclear’s consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included elsewhere in this prospectus.
(In thousands, except per share data)
Pro Forma
Three
Months
Ended
March 31,
2021
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Pro Forma
Year Ended
December 31,
2020
Years Ended
December 31,
2021
2020
2020
2019
(unaudited)
(unaudited)
(unaudited)
Condensed Consolidated Statement of
Operations Data:
Revenues
$         $ 50,558 $ 61,288 $       $ 230,796 $ 192,284
Operating expenses
63,609 113,131 249,725 248,447
Operating loss
(13,051) (51,843) (18,929) (56,163)
Other income
(71) 590 9,635 1,942
Loss before tax
(13,122) (51,253) (9,294) (54,221)
Income tax (expense) benefit
(6) (16)
Net loss
(13,128) (51,253) (9,310) (54,221)
Pro forma net loss per share of
Class A common stock and
Class B Common Stock
(unaudited):
Basic
$ $
Diluted
$ $
 
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(In thousands)
Pro Forma
as of
March 31,
2021
As of
March 31,
2021
As of
December 31,
2020
2019
(unaudited)
(unaudited)
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:
Cash and cash equivalents
$         $ 175,730 $ 116,226 $ 213,885
Total assets
301,502 232,268 318,870
Total liabilities
161,821 149,913 166,969
Total redeemable capital
units
650,660 569,251 435,230
Total members’ deficit/shareholders’ equity
(510,979) (486,896) (283,329)
(In thousands)
Pro Forma
Three
Months Ended
March 31, 2021
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Pro Forma
Year Ended
December 31,
2020
Years Ended
December 31,
2021
2020
2020
2019
Other Financial Information:
Net loss
$         $ (13,128) $ (51,253) $         $ (9,310) $ (54,221)
Adjusted EBITDA(1)
(7,301) 2,176 45,597 (27,769)
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
(335) (41,846) (12,338) 16,574
Free Cash Flow(2)
(8,417) 3,738 21,711 4,820
(1)
Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. We define “Adjusted EBITDA” as net income (loss) adjusted for income taxes, interest (income) expense, depreciation and amortization, losses on asset disposals, equity-based compensation expense, mark to market of warrant liabilities and other income. For important information about this measure, please see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”
The following table reconciles net income (loss), the most directly comparable GAAP measure, to Adjusted EBITDA:
(In thousands)
Pro Forma
Three
Months Ended
March 31, 2021
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Pro Forma
Year Ended
December 31,
2020
Years Ended
December 31,
2021
2020
2020
2019
Net loss
$         $ (13,128) $ (51,253) $         $ (9,310) $ (54,221)
Income taxes
6 16
Interest income, net
71 (590) (612) (1,942)
Depreciation and amortization
2,538 2,294 9,423 7,316
Loss on asset disposal
238 125
Equity-based compensation expense
1,319 51,725 53,978 17,590
Warrant liabilities
1,893 887 3,363
Other income
(9,023)
Adjusted EBITDA
$         $ (7,301) $ 2,176 $         $ 45,597 $ (27,769)
(2)
Free Cash Flow is a non-GAAP financial measure. We define “Free Cash Flow” as net cash provided by (used in) operating activities adjusted for purchases of property and equipment plus the value of share repurchases over fair value. For important information about this measure, please see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”
The following table reconciles net cash (used in) provided by operating activities, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, to Free Cash Flow:
(In thousands)
Pro Forma
Three
Months Ended
March 31, 2021
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Pro Forma
Year Ended
December 31,
2020
Years Ended
December 31,
2021
2020
2020
2019
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
$         $ (335) $ (41,846) $         $ (12,338) $ 16,574
Purchases of property and equipment
(8,794) (4,350) (16,502) (14,682)
Share repurchases over fair value
712 49,934 50,551 2,928
Free Cash Flow
$         $ (8,417) $ 3,738 $         $ 21,711 $ 4,820
 
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RISK FACTORS
Investing in our Class A common stock involves substantial risks. In addition to the other information in this prospectus, you should carefully consider the following factors before investing in our Class A common stock. Any of the risk factors we describe below could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations. The market price of our Class A common stock could decline if one or more of these risks or uncertainties develop into actual events, causing you to lose all or part of your investment. While we believe these risks and uncertainties are especially important for you to consider, we may face other risks and uncertainties that could have a material adverse effect on our business. Certain statements contained in the risk factors described below are forward-looking statements. See “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” for more information.
Risks Related to Our Business, Brand and Operations
If we fail to add new members, retain existing members, increase CLEAR Plus memberships or increase the utilization of our platform, our business, results of operations and financial condition would be materially and adversely affected.
Our business and financial results depend significantly on adding new members, retaining existing members, increasing the number of CLEAR Plus members, including by converting non-paying members to paying members, and the utilization of our platform by our members. There can be no assurances that we will be successful at accomplishing any of the foregoing. Member growth, retention and utilization of our platform is in part dependent on our ability to introduce new services to our members, to expand our airport footprint, to promote and increase awareness of our existing and new offerings and to satisfy or exceed the expectations of our members with our platform and offerings. We have derived substantially all of our historical revenue from CLEAR Plus, our consumer aviation subscription service. To grow and diversify our revenue, we will need to increase the number of paying members. Failure to do so could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Our ability to attract and retain members, as well as to increase the number of CLEAR Plus members and the utilization of our platform by our members, could be materially adversely affected by a number of factors discussed elsewhere in these “Risk Factors,” including:

increased competition and use of our competitors’ platforms and services;

our failure to maintain our existing offerings;

our failure to provide new or enhanced offerings or features that members value;

our failure to attract new partners who in turn drive membership;

negative associations or perceptions with, reduced awareness of, or negative publicity about, our brand, platform or biometrics in general;

security incidents that may involve or are alleged to involve us such as breaches of our information technology systems or other security incidents that may involve or are alleged to involve us; and

macroeconomic and other conditions and events outside of our control, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, other pandemics and health concerns, decreased levels of travel or attendance at events, terrorism, civil unrest, political instability and general economic conditions.
In addition, if members stop trusting our platform or have an unsatisfactory experience with our platform or our ambassadors, such as during an enrollment or verification, or we are unable to offer new and relevant offerings and features, we could be unsuccessful at continuing to grow our membership or expanding the use of our platform. Any of the foregoing could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
If we fail to add new partners, retain existing partners or profit from partner relationships, our business, results of operations and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected.
The growth of our business, including our membership base, geographic footprint and financial results, also depends on adding new partners and retaining existing partners, as well as increasing the
 
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revenue generated from both new and existing paying partners. Our partners help increase our opportunities to attract new members. However, we may be unsuccessful at adding new partners, retaining existing partners or monetizing our partner relationships, and our success is subject to a number of the risks that we face in expanding our membership base. See “—If we fail to add new members, retain existing members, increase CLEAR Plus memberships or increase the utilization of our platform, our business, results of operations and financial condition would be materially and adversely affected.”
If our partners stop trusting our platform or they or our members have an unsatisfactory experience with our platform, we are unable to offer new and relevant offerings and features or we are unable to increase the adoption of our platform, we could be unsuccessful at continuing to grow our partner network or increase the revenue generated from existing partners, which could hamper our prospects. This could in turn have an adverse impact on our ability to grow our membership base. Any of the foregoing could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
If we are not able to maintain the value and reputation of our brand, our business and financial results may be harmed.
We believe that our brand is important to attracting and retaining members and partners. Our business and prospects are dependent on our ability to build, maintain and expand trust in our brand and our platform from a variety of different stakeholders. Building and maintaining our brand depends on our ability to provide consistent, high-quality services to our members and partners. An inability to meet stakeholder expectations could have a material adverse effect on our brand, and therefore on our business, results of operations and financial condition. For example, our members expect us to protect their personal information, including their biometric information and health information, and provide them with safe, reliable, predictable and frictionless experiences where they choose to use our platform. Our partners expect us to build and maintain a world-class secure technology infrastructure and accurately perform the services for which they depend on us, such as correctly identifying a member at their point of use and correctly connecting a member with their boarding pass, event ticket or health credential. Aviation industry stakeholders such as our airline, airport and governmental partners expect us to continue to enhance aviation security.
Failure to meet stakeholder expectations could diminish the trust in our brand and platform. While it is our mission to continue to build and expand the trust in our brand and our platform from all stakeholders, any actual or perceived failure to do so could result in a decreased number of members, decreased use of our platform by our members, slower growth in our platform and business than we expect, a discontinuation of our partnerships and relationships, and a negative impact on our ability to expand into other sectors or industries, any of which could have a material and adverse effect on our business, prospects, results of operations and financial condition.
We operate in a highly competitive market, and we may be unable to compete successfully against existing and future competitors.
Our market is intensely competitive with respect to every aspect of our business, and we expect competition to increase in the future from established businesses and new market entrants. We anticipate that both our existing and future services and our expansion into new verticals will face competition from a variety of other companies and organizations. Large and sophisticated technology companies, as well as other companies, may strive or choose to perform services related to confirming an individual’s identity as a standalone task or related to a specific transaction, which would increase the competition we currently face. For example, large, well-established technology platforms, such as Amazon, Apple, Facebook or Google, or well-known companies in the credit card industry could acquire, develop or expand a platform that competes directly with some or all of our solutions. Other potential competitors include providers of decentralized identity verification platforms or verification services. Additionally, biometric hardware companies and platform companies that also offer hardware may develop applications that directly or indirectly compete with our platform. We face competition from two other private entities that are authorized to compete with us in enrolling members on TSA’s behalf for TSA PreCheck®. Many other companies, including larger well-established companies like PricewaterhouseCoopers, Salesforce and IBM, are providing or developing services similar to our
 
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Health Pass offering. Moreover, certain states, including New York, have put in place programs, including software applications and information technology, that allow their users to validate vaccination status or COVID-19 test results and to demonstrate this information to third parties.
We also face indirect competition from solutions that could be developed in-house by our existing and future partners, including companies in the airline and entertainment industries, and by governmental agencies, which could result in lost revenues and otherwise have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Many of our existing and potential competitors have substantial competitive advantages, such as greater name recognition and longer operating histories, economies of scale, larger sales and marketing departments, budgets and resources, broader distribution and established relationships with channel partners and customers, greater customer support resources, greater resources to make acquisitions or to spend on research and development, lower labor and development costs, larger and more mature intellectual property portfolios and substantially greater financial, technical and other resources. Additionally, some of our larger competitors have substantially broader product offerings and could leverage their relationships based on other products they offer or incorporate functionality into existing products to gain business or have other advantages that can allow them to develop and deploy new solutions more quickly than we do.
Further, our competitors may also seek to repurpose their existing offerings to provide identity solutions with subscription models. Start-up companies that innovate and large competitors that are making significant investments in research and development may invent similar or superior products and technologies that compete with our solutions.
Acquisitions of our competitors by companies that have more resources than us could have a negative impact on our competitive position. Some of our competitors may enter into alliances with each other or other companies or governmental agencies, or may establish or strengthen cooperative relationships with system integrators, third-party consulting firms or other parties. Any such consolidation, acquisitions, alliances or cooperative relationships could lead to pricing pressure and loss of market share and could result in a competitor with greater financial, technical, marketing, service and other resources, all of which could harm our competitive position. Furthermore, organizations may be more willing to incrementally add solutions to their existing infrastructure from our competitors than to replace their existing infrastructure with our solutions. These competitive pressures in our market or our failure to compete effectively may result in fewer members and partners and reduced revenue and gross margins. Any failure to meet and address these factors could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Increased adoption of new technological solutions and services, including third-party identity verification solutions and credential authentication solutions, at locations where we operate or may operate in the future could impact our business.
Private industry and governmental agencies have increased their efforts related to developing and launching identity verification solutions and credential authentication solutions, and we expect this trend to continue. For example, certain airlines, technology providers and the DHS are exploring new technological solutions, in some cases including the use of identity verification technology or biometrics, that may gain widespread acceptance in locations where we operate, such as airports, or may operate in the future.
For example, the federal government has conducted a number of proof of concept demonstrations to evaluate identity verification technologies and other credential authentication technologies at airport checkpoints, and is continuing to explore digital identities at checkpoints generally. State governments are issuing driver’s licenses in digital formats. Additionally, airlines have launched their own identity and credential authentication initiatives, in some cases with other identity verification partners. In many cases these initiatives also include use of biometrics, either via centralized or decentralized platforms, and any of these platforms or standards may become universally accepted and preferred by the industry, TSA, airlines, and our other partners. Our business would be adversely affected should
 
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competing identity verification solutions or credential authentication solutions or standards become widely adopted at locations where we operate, such as airport checkpoints and sports arenas.
Public confidence in, and acceptance of, identity platforms and biometrics generally, and our platform specifically, will be a key factor in our business’s continued growth.
Continued acceptance of identity platforms and biometric information as a secure and reliable method to identify individuals, mitigate risk and minimize fraud is an important factor in our continued growth. While both identity platforms and biometrics have become more widely adopted, they may not achieve global acceptance. The attractiveness of our solutions to members, partners and the venues where we operate is impacted by a number of factors, including the willingness of individuals to provide their personal information, including biometric information, to private or governmental entities, the level of confidence that such information can be stored safely and securely, and trust that such information will not be misused or breached. Certain individuals may never accept the use of biometrics as being safe. If identity platforms and biometrics do not achieve global acceptance, our growth could be limited, which could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
We might not implement successful strategies to increase adoption of our platform or expand into new verticals, which would limit our growth.
Our future profitability will depend, in part, on our ability to implement successfully our strategies to increase adoption of our platform, expand into new verticals and develop new offerings.
We cannot assure you that the relatively new market for our platform and certain of our existing and proposed offerings will remain viable. The market for identity verification solutions is still developing. The evolution of this market may result in the development of different technologies and industry standards that are not compatible with our current solutions, products, technologies or platform. Several organizations set standards for biometrics to be used in identification and standards continue to develop related to storage of biometric information or identity information. Although we believe that our technologies comply with existing standards, these standards may change and any standards adopted could prove disadvantageous to or incompatible with our business model and current or future solutions, products, services and platform.
Our recent growth has been accelerated by our expansion from the aviation industry into new verticals, including travel and hospitality, live events and sports and healthcare. Our business strategies include expanding our platform and member base within these verticals and successfully identifying and expanding into new verticals. There can be no assurances that we will be able to expand our business within existing verticals or successfully identify and expand into new verticals, or that any new verticals will provide us with successful opportunities and relationships.
Implementing our growth strategies will require additional resources and investments. For example, we expect to invest substantial amounts to:

drive member and partner awareness of our platform;

encourage new members to sign up for and use our platform;

encourage businesses to introduce our platform;

enhance our information security infrastructure;

enhance our infrastructure to handle seamless processing;

continue to develop state of the art technology; and

diversify our partner base.
We may be required to incur significantly higher expenditures, including marketing, research and development, and compensation, than we currently anticipate to achieve the foregoing results. Such expenditures could have a greater negative impact on our results of operations if our revenues do not
 
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increase sufficiently. Our investments may not be successful and there can be no assurances that our growth strategies and plans will be achieved.
Our Health Pass product is new and relatively unproven.
We launched our Health Pass product in May 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Health Pass allows our members to elect to use their own health information to demonstrate their compliance with the venue entry requirements of our partners that utilize this platform functionality. The success of Health Pass depends on our ability to, among other things: integrate third parties, such as testing laboratories and vaccine providers into our platform; build the confidence of our members to provide and utilize their health related information; protect the integrity and security of health related information that Health Pass collects; accurately convey relevant health-related information to build the trust of our members, partners and the public; and bring new partners onto our platform. If we fail to accomplish any of these objectives, our business and strategies would be negatively impacted. Additionally, our failure to maintain our Health Pass partners through additional collaboration opportunities or to maintain Health Pass users on our platform by providing additional platform functionality to them could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. Further, as we offer Health Pass to our members without charge, any of the foregoing failures could negatively impact our results of operations, financial condition and prospects.
In addition, our Health Pass product faces increasing competition. Many other companies, including larger well-established companies like PricewaterhouseCoopers, Salesforce and IBM, are providing or developing services similar to our Health Pass offering. Morevover, certain states, including New York, have put in place programs, including software applications and information technology, that allow their users to validate vaccination status or COVID-19 test results and to demonstrate this information to third parties.
A failure of Health Pass may also result in negative perceptions about our ability to expand into other sectors and industries, which would adversely impact our growth plans and therefore have a material adverse effect on our business, prospects, results of operations and financial condition. In addition, future offerings by us will present us with similar and additional risks.
Our commercial agreements and strategic alliances, as well as potential indemnification obligations, expose us to risk.
We provide our platform to our partners through commercial agreements and strategic alliances. These arrangements can be complex and require substantial personnel and other resource commitments, which may limit the number of partners we can serve. If we are unable to quickly scale our business, or if we do not effectively manage our infrastructure and personnel capacity as we grow, we may not be able to achieve our growth plans. Furthermore, there could be a negative impact on existing alliances and business relationships.
Additionally, certain of our agreements with airports, airlines, airport governing authorities, sports teams, arenas, event venues and other partners and third parties include indemnification for losses suffered or incurred for a variety of reasons, such as a result of claims of intellectual property infringement, breaches of confidentiality, violations of law, security requirements, damage caused by us to property or persons, or other liabilities relating to or arising from the use of our platform or other acts or omissions. These provisions often survive termination or expiration of the applicable agreement. As we continue to grow, the possibility of infringement claims and other claims against us may increase. In connection with indemnification claims against us or our current or prior partners, we may incur significant legal expenses and may have to pay damages, settlement fees or license fees or stop using technology found to be in violation of the third-party’s rights. Large indemnification payments could harm our business, results of operations and financial condition. We may also have to seek a license for the infringing or allegedly infringing technology. Such license may not be available on reasonable terms, if at all, and may significantly increase our operating expenses or may require us to restrict our business activities and limit our ability to deploy certain offerings. As a result, we may also be required to develop alternative non-infringing technology, which could require significant effort and expense and/or cause us to alter our platform or solutions, which could negatively affect our business. Even if third-party
 
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claims against us lack merit, the expense and effort related to defending ourselves against these claims could be costly and time consuming.
Any assertions by a third party, whether or not meritorious or successful, with respect to such indemnification obligations could subject us to costly and time-consuming litigation, expensive remediation and licenses, divert management attention and financial resources, harm our relationship with that customer, reduce demand for our platform and result in our brand, business, results of operations and financial condition being adversely affected.
Under certain of our commercial agreements the total amount of compensation we receive is partially dependent on the level of use at the relevant location, because we receive payment for each individual who uses our platform at that site. Therefore if usage is lower than anticipated, the compensation we receive may be lower than expected.
As our agreements terminate, we may be unable to renew or replace these agreements on comparable terms, or at all. We may in the future be required to enter into amendments or new agreements on less favorable terms, which could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Portions of our business and results of operations depend upon concessionaire agreements.
A significant portion of our business involves providing our services at U.S. airports through the federal government’s Registered Traveler program (“Registered Traveler Program”). These services involve entering into concessionaire agreements with the airport or airport operators in which we operate. As is common with airport concessionaire agreements, our counterparties reserve the right to terminate the agreement upon the occurrence of certain events or for convenience. If our counterparties do not extend these agreements, or if they decide to exercise an early termination, our sales, results of operations and financial condition would be negatively impacted.
In addition, in certain airport locations our contract counterparty is an airline rather than the airport or airport governing authority. In these locations we are dependent on the continued partnership with these airlines in supporting our physical presence at the airport checkpoint. The exit of an airline partner from a certain market, or changes in our relationships with these airline partners could result in our agreements not being extended or renewed, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition, and could affect our growth opportunities.
If we are not able to manage our growth or continue innovating, our business could be adversely affected.
We have expanded rapidly since we launched our platform in 2010, and our business growth depends on the continued expansion of our membership, network of partners and services. Our expansion and growth plans may not be successful and any future expansion will likely place demands on our managerial, operational, technological, administrative and financial resources. If we are not able to respond effectively to new or increased demands that arise because of our growth, or, if in responding, our management is materially distracted from our current operations, our business and prospects may be adversely affected.
In addition, while we seek to develop new offerings and expand into new markets and industries, we may have limited or no experience in these market segments and industries, and our members may not adopt our product or service offerings. We may not be successful in innovating and creating new offerings. New offerings, which can present new and difficult technology challenges, may subject us to claims if members of these offerings experience service disruptions or failures or other quality issues. In addition, profitability, if any, in our newer activities may not meet our expectations, and we may not be successful enough in these newer activities to recoup our investments in them. Failure to realize the benefits of amounts we invest in new technologies, products or services could result in the value of those investments being written down or written off.
 
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If we are unable to anticipate consumer preferences or requirements and successfully develop and introduce new, innovative and updated platform features or offerings in a timely manner or effectively manage the introduction of new or enhanced platform features or offerings, our business, results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected.
Our success in maintaining and increasing our member base depends in part on our ability to identify use cases that are important to our members in a timely manner. If we are unable to introduce new or enhanced platform features in a timely manner or our features are not accepted by our members, potential competitors may introduce similar offerings faster than us or operate in new locations, which could negatively affect our results. Moreover, our new features may not receive consumer acceptance as preferences could shift rapidly to different types of solutions or away from these types of offerings altogether, and our future success depends in part on our ability to anticipate and respond to these changes.
Even if we are successful in anticipating needs and consumer preferences, our ability to address them will depend upon our ability to develop and introduce innovative, high-quality features. Development of new or enhanced features may require significant time and investment, which could result in increased costs and a reduction in our profit margins.
The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted, and may continue to impact, our business, results of operations and financial condition.
In 2020, the World Health Organization (“WHO”) declared the COVID-19 outbreak to be a global health pandemic. In an attempt to limit the spread of the virus, governments have imposed various restrictions, including emergency declarations at the federal, state and local levels, school and business closings, quarantines, “shelter at home” orders, restrictions on travel, limitations on social or public gatherings and other social distancing measures. As a result, the COVID-19 pandemic has limited our growth in airports and in other areas, such as the entertainment industry and events, which has impacted our near-term operating and financial results and could adversely impact our long-term operating and financial results. We experienced a decrease in enrollments for our airport service and a decrease in membership renewals. In fiscal year 2020, our Annual CLEAR Plus Net Member Retention declined to 78.8% (compared to 86.2% in fiscal year 2019). We expect that COVID-19 will continue to adversely impact our airport enrollments and business in 2021 and possibly beyond. In light of the evolving nature of COVID-19 and the uncertainty it has produced around the world, we do not believe it is possible to predict the cumulative and ultimate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our future business, results of operations and financial condition. The extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and financial results will depend largely on future developments, including the duration and extent of the spread of COVID-19 both globally and within the United States, the success, availability and uptake of COVID-19 vaccines, the prevalence of local, national and international travel restrictions, flight volumes, local and national restrictions on the attendance of events, such as shelter at home orders, the impact on capital and financial markets and on the U.S. and global economies, and governmental or regulatory orders that impact our business, all of which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted. Moreover, even after shelter at home orders and travel advisories continue to be lifted, demand for our offerings, particularly those related to airplane travel or attendance at events, may remain depressed for a significant length of time, and we cannot predict if and when demand will return to pre-COVID-19 levels.
Further, the efficacy, availability and acceptance of COVID-19 vaccines is highly uncertain, and we cannot predict if or when the airline and entertainment industries will resume normal operations or the U.S. and global economies and daily life will normalize. The failure of vaccines, including to the extent they are not effective against any COVID-19 variants, significant unplanned adverse reactions to the vaccines or general public distrust of vaccines could have an adverse effect on the economy and the industries in which we compete, which would similarly have an adverse effect on our business results of operations, financial condition and prospects.
In addition, we cannot predict the impact the COVID-19 pandemic has had and will have on our partners and third-party vendors and service providers, and we may continue to be adversely impacted as a result of the material adverse impact that COVID-19 has had and may have on our partners,
 
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such as certain airlines, sports teams and third-party vendors. To the extent the COVID-19 pandemic continues to impact our business, results of operations and financial condition, it may also have the effect of heightening many of the other risks described in this prospectus. Any of the foregoing factors, or other cascading effects of the COVID-19 pandemic that are not currently foreseeable, could materially adversely impact our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Any decline or disruption in the travel industry or general economic downturn could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
We have derived substantially all of our historical revenue from members who enroll in CLEAR Plus, which includes our Registered Traveler Program service at U.S. airports, and one of our growth strategies is to continue expanding in our domestic aviation network. Accordingly, our performance is dependent on the strength of the travel industry. Our revenue is therefore susceptible to declines in or disruptions to leisure and business travel that may be caused by factors entirely out of our control, such as COVID-19 and the risks it presents as described above. Additionally, platform usage beyond airports is driven by venues being open and holding events and workplaces opening for workers to return. Other events or factors beyond our control can disrupt travel and events within the United States and globally or otherwise result in declines in travel demand and the demand to attend events. These events include prolonged extreme weather, natural disasters or man-made disasters, travel-related health concerns (including pandemics and epidemics, such as COVID-19, Ebola, Zika, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome or other outbreak of contagious diseases), restrictions related to travel, stay-at-home orders, wars, terrorist attacks, sources of political uncertainty or political events, protests, foreign policy changes, regional hostilities, general economic conditions, increases in ticket prices, changes in regulations, labor unrest or travel-related accidents. Because these events or concerns, and the full impact of their effects, are largely unpredictable, they can dramatically and suddenly affect travel behavior and attendance at events by consumers, and therefore demand for our airport and events services, which could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition. Additionally, as the Real ID Act will require passengers having compliant identification to travel by air in the United States by May 3, 2023, such regulation, if not extended, may decrease the number of travelers with compliant identification and, therefore, negatively impact the demand for our airport services, which could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Our financial performance is also subject to global economic conditions and their impact on levels of discretionary consumer spending. Consumer preferences tend to shift to lower-cost alternatives during recessionary periods and other periods in which disposable income is adversely affected, which could lead to a decline in enrollments or renewals of CLEAR Plus and lower attendance at events, and thus result in decreasing platform usage and lower revenue. Downturns in worldwide or regional economic conditions, such as the downturn resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, have led to a general decrease in travel and travel spending, as well as discretionary spending on events, and similar downturns in the future may materially adversely impact demand for our platform and services. Such a shift in consumer behavior would materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
We may require additional capital to support business growth and objectives, and this capital might not be available to us on reasonable terms, if at all, and may result in stockholder dilution.
We expect that our existing cash and cash equivalents, together with our net proceeds from this offering, will be sufficient to meet our anticipated cash needs for the foreseeable future. However, we intend to continue to make investments to support our business growth and may require additional capital to fund our business and to respond to competitive challenges, including the need to promote our platform, products and services, develop new platform features, products and services, enhance our existing platform, products, services and operating infrastructure, and potentially to acquire complementary businesses and technologies. Accordingly, we may need to engage in equity or debt financings to secure additional funds. There can be no assurance that such additional funding will be available on terms attractive to us, or at all. Our inability to obtain additional funding when needed could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results. If additional funds
 
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are raised through the issuance of equity or convertible debt securities, holders of our Class A common stock could suffer significant dilution, and any new shares we issue could have rights, preferences and privileges superior to those of our Class A common stock. Any debt financing secured by us in the future could involve restrictive covenants relating to our capital raising activities and other financial and operational matters, which may make it more difficult for us to obtain additional capital and to pursue business opportunities, including potential acquisitions.
Our ability to introduce new solutions and features is dependent on adequate research and development resources and may also depend on our ability to successfully complete acquisitions. If we do not adequately fund our research and development efforts or complete acquisitions successfully, we may not be able to compete effectively and our business and results of operations may be harmed.
To remain competitive, we must continue to offer new solutions and enhancements to our platform. This is particularly true as we further expand and diversify our capabilities. Maintaining adequate research and development resources, such as the appropriate personnel and development technology, to meet member, partner and market demands is essential. If we elect not to or are unable to develop solutions internally due to certain constraints, such as high employee turnover, lack of management ability or a lack of other research and development resources, we may choose to, or be required to, expand into a certain market or strategy via an acquisition for which we could potentially pay too much or fail to successfully integrate into our operations. Our failure to maintain adequate research and development resources or to compete effectively with the research and development programs of our competitors would give an advantage to such competitors and our business, results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected. Moreover, there is no assurance that our research and development or acquisition efforts will successfully anticipate market needs and result in significant new marketable solutions or enhancements to our solutions, design improvements, cost savings, revenues or other expected benefits. If we are unable to generate an adequate return on such investments, we may not be able to compete effectively and our business and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.
Future acquisitions, strategic investments, partnerships or alliances could be difficult to identify and integrate, divert the attention of key management personnel, disrupt our business, dilute stockholder value and harm our results of operations and financial condition.
We may in the future seek to acquire or invest in businesses, products or technologies that we believe could complement or expand our current platform, enhance our technical capabilities or otherwise offer growth opportunities. The pursuit of potential acquisitions may divert the attention of management and cause us to incur various expenses in identifying, investigating and pursuing suitable acquisitions, whether or not they are consummated. In addition, we have no experience in acquiring other businesses. If we acquire additional businesses, we may not be able to integrate successfully the acquired personnel, operations and technologies, or effectively manage the combined business following the acquisition.
We may not be able to find and identify desirable acquisition targets or we may not be successful in entering into an agreement with any one target. Acquisitions could also result in dilutive issuances of equity securities or the incurrence of debt, which could harm our results of operations. In addition, if an acquired business fails to meet our expectations, our business, results of operations and financial condition may suffer.
Our business depends on retaining and attracting high-quality personnel, and continued attrition, future attrition or unsuccessful succession planning could adversely affect our business.
Our success depends in large part on our ability to attract and retain high-quality management, operations, engineering and other personnel who are in high demand, as well as our ambassadors. The loss of qualified executives, employees or ambassadors, or an inability to attract, retain and motivate
 
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high-quality executives, employees and ambassadors required for the planned expansion of our business, may harm our operating results and impair our ability to grow.
In addition, we depend on the continued services and performance of our key personnel, including our Chief Executive Officer, Ms. Seidman-Becker, and our President and Chief Financial Officer, Mr. Cornick, who founded our Company and have been instrumental in devising and implementing our strategies for growth and scaling our business. We intend to enter into employment agreements with Ms. Seidman-Becker, Mr. Cornick, other members of our senior management team, as well as other employees, each of which will be at-will and have no specific duration. As these individuals will be able to terminate their employment with us at any time, such termination could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition, as well as our future prospects. Other key members of our management team joined our company within the last 18 months, and none had previously worked within our industry. Recently hired executives may view our business differently than members of our prior management team and, over time, may make changes to our personnel and their responsibilities as well as our strategic focus, operations or business plans. We may not be able to properly manage any such shift in focus, and any changes to our business may ultimately prove unsuccessful.
In addition, our failure to put in place adequate succession plans for senior and key management roles or the failure of key employees to successfully transition into new roles could have an adverse effect on our business and operating results. The unexpected or abrupt departure of one or more of our key personnel and the failure to effectively transfer knowledge and effect smooth key personnel transitions has had and may in the future have an adverse effect on our business resulting from the loss of such person’s skills, knowledge of our business and years of industry experience. If we cannot effectively manage leadership transitions and management changes in the future, our reputation and future business prospects could be adversely affected.
To attract and retain key personnel, we use equity incentives, among other measures. These measures may not be sufficient to attract and retain the personnel we require to operate our business effectively. As we continue to mature, the equity incentives we currently use to attract, retain and motivate employees may not be as effective as in the past. Our ability to attract, retain and motivate employees may be adversely affected by declines in our stock price. If we issue significant equity to attract employees or to retain our existing employees, we would incur substantial additional equity-based compensation expense and the ownership of our existing stockholders would be further diluted.
Our platform is highly complex, and any undetected errors could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Our platform is a complex system composed of many interoperating components and software. Our business is dependent upon our ability to accurately confirm identities and provide the ability to connect attributes, such as boarding passes, tickets, health information or payment information, to these identities, with minimal system interruption. Our software may now or in the future contain undetected errors, bugs or vulnerabilities. Some errors in our software code have not been and may not be discovered until after the code has been released. We have, from time to time, found defects or errors in our system and software limitations that have resulted in, and may discover additional issues in the future that could result in, operational errors, platform unavailability or system disruption. Any real or perceived errors, bugs or vulnerabilities discovered in our code or systems released to production or found in third-party software that is incorporated into our code could result in poor system performance, an interruption in the availability of our platform, errors in completing enrollments or verifications, negative publicity, damage to our reputation, loss of existing and potential members or partners, and loss of revenue, any of which could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Systems failures and resulting interruptions in the availability of our platform, or our failure to successfully implement upgrades and new technology effectively, could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our information technology systems are designed and maintained by us and are critical for the efficient functioning of our business. As we grow, we continue to implement modifications and upgrades
 
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to our systems, and these activities subject us to inherent costs and risks associated with replacing and upgrading these systems. Further, our system implementations may not result in improvements at a level that outweighs the costs of implementation, or at all. If we fail to successfully implement modifications and upgrades or expand the functionality of our platform, we could experience increased costs associated with diminished productivity and operating inefficiencies related to the efficient delivery of our products and services.
In addition, any unexpected technological interruptions to our systems or websites would disrupt our operations, including our ability to sell our memberships online, provide services to our members and otherwise adequately serve our members.
Moreover, the ability of our members to use our platform could be diminished by a number of factors, including members’ inability to access the Internet, the failure of our network or software systems, ineffective interoperability between our platform and our partners’ technology, security incidents or variability in member traffic for our platform. Platform failures would be most impactful if they occurred during peak platform use periods. During these peak periods, there are a significant number of members concurrently accessing our platform and if we are unable to provide uninterrupted access, our members’ perception of our platform’s reliability may be damaged, our revenue could be reduced, our reputation could be harmed and we may be required to issue credits or refunds, or risk losing members.
In the event we experience significant disruptions, we may be unable to repair our systems in an efficient and timely manner which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results.
Our marketing efforts to help grow our business may not be effective.
Promoting awareness of our platform is important to our ability to grow our business and to attract new members and partners, and can be costly. While much of our growth is attributable to word of mouth and member referrals, our marketing efforts may include free or discount trials, affiliate programs, partnerships, display advertising, television, billboards, radio, video, content, social media, email, search engine optimization and keyword search campaigns.
Our marketing initiatives may become increasingly expensive and generating a meaningful return on those initiatives may be difficult. Even if we successfully increase revenue as a result of our marketing efforts, it may not offset the additional marketing expenses we incur.
If our marketing efforts are not successful in promoting awareness of our offerings or attracting new members and partners, or if we are not able to cost-effectively manage our marketing expenses, our results of operations could be adversely affected. If our marketing efforts are successful in increasing awareness of our offerings, this could also lead to increased public scrutiny of our business. Any of the foregoing risks could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our business could be adversely impacted by changes in the Internet and mobile device accessibility of members.
Our business depends on members’ access to our platform via a mobile device and the Internet. We may operate in jurisdictions that provide limited Internet connectivity, particularly as we expand internationally. Internet access and access to a mobile device are frequently provided by companies with significant market power that could take actions that degrade, disrupt or increase the cost of members’ ability to access our platform. In addition, the Internet infrastructure that we and members of our platform rely on in any particular location may be unable to support the demands placed upon it. Any such failure in Internet or mobile device accessibility, even for a short period of time, could adversely affect our results of operations.
In particular, a significant and growing portion of our members access our platform through the CLEAR and CLEAR Pass mobile applications (“apps”) and there is no guarantee that popular mobile devices will continue to support such apps or that our members will use such apps rather than competing products. We are dependent on the interoperability of our apps with popular mobile operating systems that we do not control, such as Android and iOS, and any changes in such systems that degrade the
 
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functionality of our digital offering or give preferential treatment to competitors could adversely affect our platform’s usage on mobile devices. In the event that it is difficult for our members to access and use our platform on their mobile devices, our competitors develop products and services that are perceived to operate more effectively on mobile devices, or if our members choose not to access or use our platform on their mobile devices or use mobile products that do not offer access to our platform, our member growth and member engagement could be adversely impacted.
If we cannot maintain our corporate culture as we grow, our business may be harmed.
We believe that our corporate culture has been a critical component to our success and that our culture creates an environment that drives and perpetuates our overall business strategy. We have invested substantial time and resources in building our team and we expect to continue to hire aggressively as we expand, including with respect to any potential international expansions we may pursue. As we grow and mature as a public company and grow internationally, we may find it difficult to maintain our corporate culture. Any failure to preserve our culture could negatively affect our future success, including our ability to recruit and retain personnel and effectively focus on and pursue our business strategy.
We are subject to payment processing risk.
Our members pay for our products and services using a variety of different payment methods, including credit and debit cards, and online wallets. We rely on third party systems to process payment. Acceptance and processing of these payment methods are subject to certain rules and regulations and require payment of interchange and other fees. To the extent there are disruptions in our payment processing systems, increases in payment processing fees, material changes in the payment ecosystem, such as large re-issuances of payment cards, delays in receiving payments from payment processors, or changes to rules or regulations concerning payment processing, our revenue, operating expenses and results of operation could be adversely impacted. We leverage our third-party payment processors to bill members on our behalf. If these third parties become unwilling or unable to continue processing payments on our behalf, we would have to find alternative methods of collecting payments, which could adversely impact member acquisition and retention. In addition, from time to time, we encounter fraudulent use of payment methods, which could impact our results of operation and if not adequately controlled and managed could create negative consumer perceptions of our service.
We have limited experience operating outside the United States and any future international expansion strategy will subject us to additional costs and risks and our plans may not be successful.
In the future, we may expand our presence internationally. Operating outside of the United States may require significant management attention to oversee operations over a broad geographic area with varying cultural norms and customs, in addition to placing strain on our engineering, operations, security, finance, analytics and legal teams. We may incur significant operating expenses and may not be successful in our international expansion for a variety of reasons, including:

compliance with privacy and data protection laws, including laws regulating the use and collection of biometric information and health information (see “Risks Related to Regulation and Litigation—Any actual or perceived failure to comply with applicable laws relating to privacy and data protection may result in significant liability, negative publicity and erosion of trust, and increased regulation could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition” and “Business—Government Regulation”);

differing international norms and expectations related to the use of personally identifiable information;

challenges in confirming identities for non-US residents;

expanded information security risk with expanded potential threat actors;

recruiting and retaining talented and capable employees in foreign countries and maintaining our company culture across all of our offices;
 
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complying with varying laws and regulatory standards, including with respect to tax and local regulatory restrictions;

obtaining any required government approvals, licenses or other authorizations, particularly as may be necessary for the use and collection of personal information;

varying levels of Internet and mobile technology adoption and infrastructure;

currency exchange restrictions or costs and exchange rate fluctuations;

operating in jurisdictions that do not protect intellectual property rights to the same extent as the United States;

potential oppositions in foreign patent and trademark offices; and

limitations on the repatriation and investment of funds as well as foreign currency exchange restrictions.
Our limited experience in operating our business internationally increases the risk that any potential future expansion efforts that we may undertake may not be successful. If we invest substantial time and resources to expand our operations internationally and are unable to manage these risks effectively, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
Our metrics and estimates are subject to inherent challenges in measurement, and real or perceived inaccuracies in those metrics may harm our reputation and negatively affect our business.
We regularly review and may adjust our processes for calculating our metrics used to evaluate our growth, measure our performance and make strategic decisions. These metrics are calculated using internal company data and have not been evaluated by a third party. Our metrics, such as market share, may differ from estimates published by third parties or from similarly titled metrics of our competitors due to differences in methodology or the assumptions on which we rely. The estimates and forecasts in this prospectus relating to the size and expected growth of our addressable market may prove to be inaccurate. Even if the markets in which we compete meet the size estimates and growth forecasted in this prospectus, our business could fail to grow at similar rates, if at all. If investors or analysts do not consider our metrics to be accurate representations of our business, or if we discover material inaccuracies in our metrics, then the trading price of our Class A common stock and our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
Risks Related to Information Technology and Intellectual Property
There may be breaches of our information technology systems that subject us to significant reputational, financial, legal and operational consequences or materially damage member and partner relationships.
Our business requires us to use, store, process and transmit data, including a large amount of sensitive and confidential personally identifiable information (“PII”) of members, employees and partners. This may include, for example: biographic information, such as names, addresses, phone numbers, email addresses; biometric information; government-issued identification; health information that members choose to include in their accounts; and payment account information. Although malicious attacks to gain access to PII affect many companies across various industries, we are at a relatively greater risk of being targeted because of our high profile and the types of PII we manage. Our business depends on earning and maintaining the trust of our members and our partners and any breaches or alleged breaches of our systems could adversely our business, including by impacting the trust that we have gained. See “Risks Related to Our Business, Brand and Operations—If we are not able to maintain the value and reputation of our brand, our business and financial results may be harmed.”
We devote significant resources to network security, data encryption and other security measures to protect our systems and data, and have been certified by the federal government as operating certain of our information security systems at a FISMA High Rating in accordance with the Federal Information
 
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Security Modernization Act and National Institute of Standards and Technology, but these security measures cannot provide, and we cannot guarantee, absolute security. We require user names and passwords in order to access our information technology systems. We also use encryption and authentication technologies designed to secure the transmission and storage of data and prevent access to our data or accounts. Increasingly, companies are subject to a wide variety of attacks on their systems on an ongoing basis that are continually evolving. In addition to threats from traditional computer “hackers,” malicious code (such as malware, viruses, worms, and ransomware), employee theft, error or misuse, password spraying, phishing, social engineering (predominantly spear phishing attacks), credential stuffing, and denial-of-service attacks, we also face an increasing number of threats (including advanced persistent threat intrusions) to our information technology systems from a broad range of actors, including sophisticated organized crime, nation-state and nation-state supported actors, and we cannot assure you that our systems will not be compromised or disrupted by these tactics. Our solutions integrate and rely in part on products, services and technologies developed and supplied by third-party vendors and service providers. Although we make efforts to review our third-party vendors and service providers and the products, services and technologies on which our solutions rely, vulnerabilities in our vendors’ and service providers’ products, services and technologies may make our own solutions and information technology systems vulnerable to breach, attack and other risks. Third parties may attempt to fraudulently induce employees, users, or partners into disclosing sensitive information such as user names, passwords, or other information or otherwise compromise the security of our or our third-party vendors’ or service providers’ internal electronic systems, networks, and/or physical facilities in order to gain access to our data, which could result in significant legal and financial exposure, a loss of confidence in our security, interruptions or malfunctions in our operations, and, ultimately, harm to our future business prospects and revenue.
Breaches and attacks on us or our third-party vendors or service providers may cause interruptions to the services we provide, degrade the member experience, cause members or partners to lose confidence and trust in our platform and decrease their use of our platform or stop using our platform in their entirety, impair our internal systems, or result in financial harm to us. As we grow within the United States, and expand our international presence, our heightened visibility increases the risk that we become a target of such attacks. Any failure to prevent or mitigate security breaches and unauthorized access to or disclosure of our data or PII, could result in the loss, modification, disclosure, destruction or other misuse of such data, which could subject us to legal liability, harm our business and reputation and diminish our competitive position. We may incur significant costs in protecting against or remediating such incidents and as cybersecurity incidents continue to evolve, we may be required to expend significant additional resources to continue to modify or enhance our protective measure or to investigate and remediate any information security vulnerabilities. Our efforts to protect our confidential and sensitive data and the PII or other personal information we receive may also be unsuccessful due to software bugs or other technical malfunctions; employee, contractor, or service provider error or malfeasance, including defects or vulnerabilities in our suppliers’ or service providers’ information technology systems or offerings, including products and offerings that we integrate into our products and services; breaches of physical security of our facilities or technical infrastructure; or other threats that may surface or evolve.
If we were to experience a breach of our systems and were unable to protect sensitive data, we may not be able to remedy such breach, we may be required by law to notify regulators and individuals whose personal information was used or disclosed without authorization and compensate them for any damages, we may be subject to claims against us, including government enforcement actions or investigations, fines and litigation, and we may have to expend significant capital and other resources to mitigate the impact of such events, including developing and implementing protections to prevent future events of this nature from occurring. Additionally, such a breach could curtail or otherwise adversely impact access to our services, materially damage partner and member relationships, and cause us to lose members or partners. Moreover, if a security breach affects our systems or results in the unauthorized release of PII, our reputation and brand could be materially damaged, use of our platform and services could decrease, and we could be exposed to a risk of loss or litigation and possible liability.
 
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We are also subject to payment card association rules and obligations under our contracts with payment card processors. Under these rules and obligations, if information is compromised, we could be liable to payment card issuers for associated expenses and penalties. In addition, if we fail to follow payment card industry security standards, even if no customer information is compromised, we could incur significant fines or remediation costs, experience a significant increase in payment card transaction costs or be refused by credit card processors to continue to process payments on our behalf, any of which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Additionally, we accept payment from our CLEAR Plus members through credit card transactions, certain online payment service providers and mobile payment platforms. The ability to access credit card information on a real-time basis without having to proactively reach out to the members each time we process an auto-renewal payment is critical to our success and a seamless experience for our users. However, if we or a third party experiences a data security breach involving credit card information, affected cardholders will often cancel their credit cards. In the case of a breach experienced by a third party, the more sizable the third party’s customer base and the greater the number of credit card accounts impacted, the more likely it is that our users would be impacted by such a breach. To the extent our CLEAR Plus members are ever affected by such a breach experienced by us or a third party, affected members would need to be contacted to obtain new credit card information and process any pending transactions. It is likely that we would not be able to reach all affected members, and even if we could, some members’ new credit card information may not be obtained and some pending transactions may not be processed, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We rely on third-party technology and information systems to help complete critical business functions. If that technology fails to adequately serve our needs, and we cannot find alternatives, it may negatively impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We rely on third-party technology for certain of our critical business functions, including credit card readers, scanners, third-party software, cameras and other technology to complete member enrollments and verifications, network infrastructure for hosting our website and mobile application, software libraries, development environments and tools, services to allow members to populate their accounts with personal information, and cloud storage platforms. Our business is dependent on the integrity, security and efficient operation of these systems and technologies, and we do not necessarily control the operation or data security of the third-party providers we utilize. Our efforts to use commercially reasonable diligence in the selection and retention of such third-party providers may be insufficient or inadequate to prevent or remediate such risks. Our systems and operations or those of our third-party providers and partners could be exposed to damage, interruption, security breach and other risks from, among other things, computer viruses and other malicious software, denial-of-service attacks and other cyberattacks, acts of terrorism, human error, sabotage, natural disaster, telecommunications failure, financial insolvency, bankruptcy and similar events, and may be subject to financial, legal or regulatory issues, each of which may impose additional costs or requirements on us, expose us to potential liability or require us to expend significant resources on data security and in responding to any such actual or perceived breach, or prevent these third parties from providing services to us or our members on our behalf. The failure of these systems to perform as designed, the vulnerability of these systems to security breaches or the inability to enhance our information technology capabilities, and our inability to find suitable alternatives in a timely and efficient manner and on acceptable terms, or at all, could disrupt our operations and subject us to losses or costs to remediate any of these deficiencies. In addition, we cannot be assured that third parties will comply with their agreements with us and applicable laws and regulations or that third parties will not increase their prices or give preferential treatment to our competitors. Any contractual protections we may have from our third-party service providers, contractors or consultants may not be sufficient to adequately protect us from any such liabilities and losses, and we may be unable to enforce any such contractual protections. Additionally, the occurrence or perception of any of the above events could result in members ceasing to use our platform, reputational damage, legal or regulatory proceedings or other adverse consequences, which could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
 
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Failure to adequately protect our intellectual property, technology and confidential information could harm our business, competitive position, financial condition and results of operations.
The protection of intellectual property, technology and confidential information is crucial to the success of our business. We rely on a combination of patents, copyrights, trademarks, service marks, trade secret laws, know-how, confidentiality provisions, non-disclosure agreements, assignment agreements, and other legal and contractual rights and restrictions to establish and protect our proprietary technology and intellectual property rights. However, the steps we take to protect our proprietary technology and intellectual property rights may be inadequate. We may not be able to protect our intellectual property if we are unable to enforce our rights or if we do not detect unauthorized use of our intellectual property. Despite our precautions, it may be possible for unauthorized third parties to copy our products and technology and use information that we regard as proprietary to create products and services that compete with ours. The laws of some countries do not protect proprietary rights to the same extent as the laws of the United States, and mechanisms for enforcement of intellectual property rights in some foreign countries may be inadequate. To the extent we expand internationally, our exposure to unauthorized use of our products, technology and proprietary information may increase. Accordingly, despite our efforts, we may be unable to prevent third parties from infringing upon or misappropriating our technology and intellectual property.
We rely in part on patent protection to maintain our competitive position. Although our patents and patent applications are intended to protect our proprietary inventions relevant to our business, we cannot assure you that any of our patent applications will result in the issuance of a patent or whether the examination process will require us to narrow our claims. Further, even our issued patents may be contested, circumvented or found invalid or unenforceable, and we may not be able to prevent infringement of our patents by third parties.
We also rely in part on trade secrets, proprietary know-how and other confidential information to maintain our competitive position. Although we enter into confidentiality and invention assignment agreements with our employees and consultants and enter into confidentiality agreements with our partners and certain third parties, no assurance can be given that these agreements will be effective in controlling access to and distribution of our products, technology and proprietary information. Further, these agreements do not prevent our competitors from independently developing technologies that are substantially equivalent or superior to our products and services.
We rely in part on trademark protection to protect our brand. Our registered and unregistered trademarks and trade names may be challenged, infringed, circumvented or declared generic or determined to be infringing on other marks. We may not be able to protect our rights to these trademarks and trade names, which we need to build name recognition in the market. Competitors may adopt trade names or trademarks similar to ours, thereby impeding our ability to build brand identity. Third parties with similar trade names and trademarks may bring trademark infringement claims against us.
To protect our intellectual property rights, we may be required to spend significant resources to monitor and protect these rights. Litigation or other legal proceedings may be necessary in the future to enforce our intellectual property rights and to protect our trade secrets. Such litigation or proceedings could be costly, time consuming and distracting to management and could result in the impairment or loss of portions of our intellectual property. Furthermore, our efforts to enforce our intellectual property rights may be met with defenses, counterclaims and countersuits attacking the validity and enforceability of our intellectual property rights. Our inability to protect our proprietary technology against unauthorized copying or use, as well as any costly litigation or diversion of our management’s attention and resources, could delay further expansion of our platform, impair the functionality of our platform, delay introductions of new platform functionality, or injure our reputation. In addition, we may be required to license additional technology from third parties to develop and market new functionality, and we cannot assure you that we could license that technology on commercially reasonable terms or at all, and our inability to license this technology could harm our ability to compete.
We have granted lenders security interests in certain of our intellectual property rights which could subject such rights to sale or other actions in the event of a default.
 
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If we are unable to effectively protect our intellectual property rights on a worldwide basis, we may not be successful in the international expansion of our business that we may pursue.
Access to worldwide markets depends in part on the strength of our intellectual property portfolio. There can be no assurance that, as our business expands into new areas, we will be able to independently develop the technology, software or know-how necessary to conduct our business or that we can do so without infringing the intellectual property rights of others. To the extent that we have to rely on licensed technology from others, there can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain licenses at all or on terms we consider reasonable. The lack of a necessary license could expose us to claims for damages and/or injunction from third parties, as well as claims for indemnification by our customers in instances where we have a contractual or other legal obligation to indemnify them against damages resulting from infringement claims. With regard to our own intellectual property, we actively enforce and protect our rights. However, there can be no assurance that our efforts will be adequate to prevent the misappropriation or improper use of our protected technology in international markets.
If our future products incorporate technologies that infringe the proprietary rights of third parties, and we do not secure licenses from them, we could be liable for substantial damages.
We continue to allocate significant resources to developing new and innovative technologies that are utilized in our products and systems. Because our continued success depends on, to a significant degree, our ability to offer products providing superior functionality and performance over those offered by our competitors, we consider the protection of our technology from unauthorized use to be fundamental to our success. We do this by incorporating processes aimed at identifying and seeking appropriate protection for newly-developed intellectual property, including patents, trade secrets, copyrights and trademarks, as well as policies aimed at identifying unauthorized use of such property.
We are not aware that our current products infringe the intellectual property rights of any third parties. We also are not aware of any third party intellectual property rights that may hamper our ability to provide future products and services. However, we recognize that the development of our services or products may require that we acquire intellectual property licenses from third parties so as to avoid infringement of those parties’ intellectual property rights. These licenses may not be available at all or may only be available on terms that are not commercially reasonable.
If third parties make infringement claims against us whether or not they are upheld, such claims could consume substantial time and financial resources, divert the attention of management from growing our business and managing operations and disrupt product sales and shipments. If any third party prevails in an action against us for infringement of its proprietary rights, we could be required to pay damages and either enter into costly licensing arrangements or redesign our products so as to exclude any infringing use. As a result, we would incur substantial costs, experience delays in product development, sales and shipments, and our revenues may decline substantially. Additionally, we may not be able to achieve the minimum necessary growth for our continued success.
See “Risks Related to Litigation—We may be sued by third parties for alleged infringement, misappropriation, or other violations of intellectual property and other proprietary rights.”
Risks Related to Regulation and Litigation
We must continue to meet the standards set for our airport operations by governmental stakeholders.
We relaunched in 2010 at two U.S. airports as the only private company authorized by the DHS to automate the process for confirming traveler identity and validating travel documents for enrolled CLEAR members, and we continue to provide airport services to our members through the Registered Traveler Program. As we have grown, our interactions with the federal government have expanded as well. For example, in January 2020, we were selected by the TSA as an awardee in the TSA Biometric PreCheck® Expansion Services and Vetting Program to handle subscription renewal processing and new enrollments for the TSA PreCheck® program and have entered into an up to 10-year agreement to provide such services to the traveling public. Additionally, we have entered into numerous Cooperative
 
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Research and Development Agreements with the DHS, and the DHS has certified the biometric enrollment and verification system we use in certain locations as Qualified Anti-Terrorism Technology under the SAFETY Act.
We operate through the Registered Traveler Program according to guidelines set forth by the federal government, which have historically been implemented through our airport and/or airline partners. As we have grown, our regulatory frameworks have evolved as well. For example, as a result of our accelerated addition of new airport locations and offering of new functionality at airports (such as our biometric boarding pass service), we are subject to various audits, reviews and evaluations overseen by TSA, a sub-agency of the DHS, which includes the following: annual operational audits at each airport where we operate our Registered Traveler Program requiring us to demonstrate compliance with airport checkpoint security protocols; audits of certain of our information systems against a stringent FISMA High Rating designation for information security and an additional “Registered Traveler Security Overlay” framework; periodic reviews of our operational procedures and technology, such as the biometric matching technology and credential authentication systems that help power our system; and an evaluation by the Science and Technology Directorate of the DHS of our biometric enrollment and verification system for renewal of our SAFETY Act certification as a Qualified Anti-Terrorism Technology.
The future success of programs we operate with support or authorization from governmental stakeholders depend on our continued ability to satisfy the regulatory standards promulgated by the federal government such as those set forth above, including continuing to adhere to airport security protocols and maintain an appropriate data security platform. Failure to meet the standards set forth by governmental stakeholders could negatively impact our ability to continue adding new services in regulated locations, add new locations for our existing services, or even continue to operate the same services we operate now. Further, should regulatory frameworks evolve, they may increase our operating expenses, make compliance more difficult or impact our operating protocols, require us to add new staffing, and divert management’s attention from other growth initiatives. Failure to meet any such new standards in the future may have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
We may be sued by third parties for alleged infringement, misappropriation or other violations of intellectual property and other proprietary rights.
There is considerable patent and other intellectual property development activity in the biometrics, identity and technology industries generally, and litigation, based on allegations of infringement or other violations of intellectual property, is frequent. Furthermore, it is common for individuals and groups to purchase patents and other intellectual property assets for the purpose of making claims of infringement to extract settlements from companies like ours. We cannot guarantee that our internally developed or acquired technologies or third party tools that we use do not or will not infringe the intellectual property rights of others. From time to time, our competitors or other third parties, including non-practicing entities, may claim that we are infringing upon or misappropriating their intellectual property rights, and we may be found to be infringing upon such rights. In addition, in the event that we recruit employees from other technology companies, including certain potential competitors, and these employees are used in the development of portions of products which are similar to the development in which they were involved at their former employers, we may become subject to claims that such employees have improperly used or disclosed trade secrets or other proprietary information. Any claim, litigation or allegation could cause us to incur significant expenses and, if successfully asserted against us, could require that we pay substantial damages, ongoing royalty payments or licensing fees, prevent us from offering our platform or services or using certain technologies, require us to develop alternative technology or obtain additional licenses, force us to implement expensive workarounds, or be subject to other unfavorable terms.
We expect that the occurrence of infringement claims and allegations is likely to grow as the market for biometric solutions and identity products and services grows. Even alleged infringement claims that lack merit may be distracting and expensive to defend and could contribute to reduced public confidence in our platform. Accordingly, our exposure to damages resulting from infringement claims could increase and this could further exhaust our financial and management resources. Further, during
 
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the course of any litigation, we may make announcements regarding the results of hearings and motions, and other interim developments. If securities analysts and investors regard these announcements as negative, the market price of our Class A common stock may decline. Even if intellectual property claims or allegations do not result in litigation or are resolved in our favor, these claims, and the time and resources necessary to resolve them, could divert the resources of our management and require significant expenditures. Any of the foregoing could prevent us from competing effectively and could have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Any actual or perceived failure to comply with applicable laws relating to privacy and data protection may result in significant liability, negative publicity and erosion of trust, and increased regulation could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
As part of our normal operations, we collect, process and retain personal information about individuals. We are subject to various federal and state laws and rules regarding the collection, use, disclosure, storage, transmission, and destruction of this personal information. We collect and use PII when our members enroll in our platform and use our platform after they have completed their enrollment. The laws of many states and countries require businesses that maintain such personal data to implement reasonable measures to keep such information secure and otherwise restrict the ways in which such information can be collected and used.
Numerous states and municipalities have enacted or are in the process of enacting state level data privacy laws and regulations governing the collection, use and processing of state residents’ personal data. For example, the CCPA took effect on January 1, 2020. The CCPA provides enhanced data privacy rights to California consumers, including the right to access and delete their information and to opt out of certain sharing and sales of PII. The law also prohibits covered businesses from discriminating against consumers (for example, charging more for services) for exercising any of their CCPA rights. The CCPA imposes severe statutory damages as well as a private right of action for certain data breaches that result in the loss of PII. This private right of action is expected to increase the likelihood of, and risks associated with, data breach litigation. It remains unclear how various provisions of the CCPA will be interpreted and enforced. In November 2020, California voters passed the California Privacy Rights and Enforcement Act of 2020 (“CPRA”). The CPRA further expands the CCPA with additional data privacy compliance requirements that may impact our business, and establishes a regulatory agency dedicated to enforcing those requirements. And in March 2021, Virginia enacted the Virginia Consumer Data Protection Act (“VCDPA”), which similarly provides Virginia consumers with certain rights regarding PII, and imposes obligations on business that process PII to comply with those rights and creates penalties for businesses that fail to comply with those obligations. Both the CPRA and the VCDPA will take effect on January 1, 2023. The CPRA, CCPA, VCDPA and other similar state laws may encourage other states and the federal government to pass comparable legislation, introducing the possibility of greater penalties and more rigorous compliance requirements relevant to our business.
States such as Illinois, Texas and Washington, have laws that specifically regulate the collection and use of biometric information, and numerous states and municipalities are considering similar legislation. Illinois’s Biometric Information Privacy Act (“BIPA”) includes both a private right of action and liquidated damages for companies that violate its provisions and many states are modeling new biometric privacy laws after Illinois’s BIPA. Regardless of any company’s efforts to comply with the requirements of BIPA, this private right of action increases the general likelihood of, and risks associated with, biometrics litigation. Other states, such as New York, are considering comparable laws covering biometric information. The effects of the BIPA, CPRA, CCPA, VCDPA and other similar state or federal laws, are significant and may require us to modify our data processing practices and policies and to incur substantial costs and potential liability in an effort to comply with such legislation. Furthermore, municipalities have started regulating biometrics at a more local level, such as the New York City Biometric Identifier Information Law and the City of Portland’s restriction on certain uses of facial recognition technology. These restrictions may reduce the capabilities of companies that utilize biometrics to expand their platforms in these locations.
 
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At an international level, the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”), which became effective on May 25, 2018, regulates the collection, control, processing, sharing, disclosure, and other use of data that can directly or indirectly identify a living individual, and imposes stringent data protection requirements with significant penalties, and the risk of civil litigation, for noncompliance. Failure to comply with the GDPR may result in fines of up to 20 million euros or up to 4% of the annual global revenue of the infringer, whichever is greater. It may also lead to civil litigation, with the risks of damages or injunctive relief, or regulatory orders adversely impacting on the ways in which our business can use personal data. Other countries have also adopted laws and regulations that regulate the collection, use and processing of PII, and impose penalties and sanctions for non-compliance.
In addition to government regulation, self-regulatory standards and other industry standards may legally or contractually apply to us, be argued to apply to us, or we may elect to comply with such standards or to facilitate our customers’ compliance with such standards. We may make statements on our website, in marketing materials, or in other settings about our data security measures and our compliance with, or our ability to facilitate our customers’ compliance with, these standards. Furthermore, because the interpretation and application of laws, standards, contractual obligations and other obligations relating to privacy, data protection, and information security are uncertain, these laws, standards, and contractual and other obligations may be interpreted and applied in a manner that is, or is alleged to be, inconsistent with our data management practices, our policies or procedures, or the features of our platforms. If so, in addition to the possibility of fines, lawsuits, and other claims, we could be required to fundamentally change our business activities and practices or modify our platforms, which could have an adverse effect on our business. We may be unable to make such changes and modifications in a commercially reasonable manner or at all, and our ability to fulfill existing obligations, make enhancements, or develop new platforms and features could be limited. Furthermore, the costs of compliance with, and other burdens imposed by, the laws, regulations, and policies that are applicable to the businesses of our customers may limit the use and adoption of, and reduce the overall demand for, our platforms.
While we take great efforts to comply with all laws, regulations, standards and obligations applicable to us, we cannot guarantee that we have always been or will always be successful. Privacy and data protection laws, rules and regulations are complex, and their interpretation is rapidly evolving, making implementation and enforcement, and thus compliance requirements, ambiguous, uncertain and potentially inconsistent. Compliance with such laws may require changes to our operations and business practices and may thereby increase compliance costs or have other material adverse effects on our business. In addition, even alleged violations of such laws could be costly to defend and divert management’s attention. Failure to comply with laws regarding the collection and use of biometric information could have an adverse impact on our business and results. While we have invested and continue to invest significant resources to comply with privacy regulations, many of these regulations expose us to the possibility of material penalties, significant legal liability, changes in how we operate or offer our products, and interruptions or cessation of our ability to operate in key geographies, any of which could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Various other governments and consumer agencies around the world have also called for new regulation and changes in industry practices and many have enacted and may in the future enact different and potentially contradictory requirements for protecting personal information collected and maintained electronically. These regulations will become particularly relevant to us as we expand our operations beyond the United States. Compliance with numerous and contradictory requirements of different jurisdictions is particularly difficult and costly for a business such as ours that collects personal information from members. If any jurisdiction in which we currently, or in the future may, operate adopts new laws or changes its interpretation of its laws, rules or regulations relating to data use and processing such that we are unable to comply in a timely manner or at all, we could risk losing our rights to operate in such jurisdictions.
Any failure or perceived failure by us to comply with privacy and data protection policies, notices, laws, rules and regulations could result in proceedings or actions against us by individuals, consumer rights groups, government agencies or others. We could incur significant costs in investigating and defending such claims and, if found liable, pay significant damages or fines or be required to make
 
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changes to our business. Further, these proceedings and any subsequent adverse outcomes may subject us to significant negative publicity, and an erosion of trust. If any of these events were to occur, our business, results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.
We function as a HIPAA “business associate” for certain of our partners of our health care applications and, as such, are subject to strict privacy and data security requirements. If we fail to comply with any of these requirements, we could be subject to significant liability, which can adversely affect our business as well as our ability to attract and retain new members and their utilization of our platform.
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, as amended by the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (“HITECH”), and their respective implementing regulations (collectively, “HIPAA”), imposes specified requirements relating to the privacy, security and transmission of individually identifiable health information. Among other things, HITECH makes HIPAA’s security standards directly applicable to “business associates.” As our business evolves and we increasingly enter into agreements in which we are a “business associate” for partners in the healthcare industry that are HIPAA covered entities and service providers, we are regulated under these agreements as a business associate for the purposes of HIPAA. If we are unable to comply with our obligations as a HIPAA business associate, we could face substantial civil and even criminal liability. HITECH imposes four tiers of civil monetary penalties and gives state attorneys general authority to file civil actions for damages or injunctions in federal courts to enforce the federal HIPAA laws and seek attorneys’ fees and costs associated with pursuing federal civil actions. In addition, many state laws govern the privacy and security of health information in certain circumstances, many of which differ from HIPAA and each other in significant ways and may not have the same effect.
As a business associate, we are required by HIPAA to maintain HIPAA-compliant business associate agreements with our partners that are HIPAA covered entities and service providers, as well as our subcontractors, to the extent applicable, that access, maintain, create or transmit individually identifiable health information on our behalf for the rendering of services to our HIPAA covered entity and service provider members. These agreements impose stringent data security and other obligations on us. If we or our subcontractors are unable to meet the requirements of any of these business associate agreements, we could face contractual liability under the applicable business associate agreement as well as possible civil and criminal liability under HIPAA, all of which can have an adverse impact on our business and generate negative publicity, which, in turn, can have an adverse impact on our ability to attract and retain members.
We also collect and use health information from individuals in relationships in which we are not a HIPAA “business associate”, but for which we strive to implement information security standards similar to the standards that would be applicable under HIPAA. Any failure to do so could have an adverse impact on our business and generate negative publicity, which, in turn, could have an adverse impact on our ability to attract and retain members.
The laws and regulations that we are subject to or may become subject to are constantly evolving.
We are subject to a wide variety of laws and regulations in the United States and other jurisdictions as well as regulations promulgated by government agencies. Laws, regulations and standards governing issues, such as the collection and use of biometric information, health information, privacy, data security, whistleblowing and worker confidentiality obligations, product liability, personal injury, text messaging, subscription services, intellectual property, arbitration agreements and class action waiver provisions, terms of service, mobile application accessibility and background checks are often complex and subject to varying interpretations, in many cases due to their lack of specificity. As a result, their application in practice may change or develop over time through judicial decisions or as new guidance or interpretations are provided by regulatory and governing bodies, such as federal, state and local administrative agencies. New offerings may also subject us to laws and regulations that we have not historically been subject to.
 
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In addition, our business operations at airports involve coordination with the DHS, and we are subject to audits and reviews by the DHS and TSA. Governmental stakeholders may promulgate additional regulatory frameworks for us or increase the difficulty in maintaining our existing certifications, which may present additional challenges for our operations, increase our expenses, reduce our opportunities and divert management’s attention. Failure to comply with these standards set for our operations by governmental stakeholders may have an adverse impact on our business, results of operations and financial condition. See “—We must continue to meet the standards set for our airport operations by governmental stakeholders.”
As our industry evolves and we continue to expand our platform offerings and member base, we may become subject to additional laws and regulations, which may differ or conflict from one jurisdiction to another.
Additionally, the passage or adoption of any legislation or regulation affecting the ability of service providers to periodically charge consumers for, among other things, recurring subscription payments may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. This could materially adversely affect our payment authorization rate. Legislation or regulation regarding the foregoing, or changes to existing legislation or regulation governing subscription payments, are being considered in many U.S. states. While we monitor and attempt to comply with these legal developments, we may be subject to claims under such legislation or regulation.
Despite our efforts to comply with applicable laws, regulations and other obligations relating to our platform offerings, it is possible that our practices, offerings or platform could be inconsistent with, or fail or be alleged to fail to meet all requirements of, such laws, regulations or obligations. Our failure, or the failure by our partners, to comply with applicable laws or regulations or any other obligations relating to our platform offerings, could harm our reputation and brand, discourage new and existing members from using our platform, lead to refunds of membership fees or result in fines or proceedings by governmental agencies or private claims and litigation, any of which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We may be subject to legal proceedings, regulatory disputes and governmental inquiries that could cause us to incur significant expenses, divert our management’s attention and materially harm our business, financial condition and operating results.
In the ordinary course of business, from time to time, we have been involved in legal proceedings and in the future may be subject to claims, lawsuits, government investigations and other proceedings involving intellectual property, privacy, securities, tax, labor and employment, commercial disputes and other matters that could adversely affect our business operations and financial condition. Litigation and regulatory proceedings may be protracted and expensive, and the results are difficult to predict. Certain of these matters may include speculative claims for substantial or indeterminate amounts of damages and include claims for injunctive relief. Additionally, our litigation costs could be significant. Adverse outcomes with respect to litigation or any of these legal proceedings may result in significant settlement costs or judgments, penalties and fines, or require us to modify our products or services, harm our reputation or require us to stop offering certain features, all of which could negatively affect our membership and revenue growth. Should the ultimate judgments or settlements in any future litigation or investigation significantly exceed our insurance coverage, they could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition. See “Business—Legal Proceedings.”
The results of litigation, investigations, claims and regulatory proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty, and determining reserves for pending litigation and other legal and regulatory matters requires significant judgment. There can be no assurance that our expectations will prove correct, and even if these matters are resolved in our favor or without significant cash settlements, these matters, and the time and resources necessary to litigate or resolve them, could harm our business, financial condition and operating results.
 
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The coverage afforded under our insurance policies may be inadequate for the needs of our business or our third-party insurers may be unable or unwilling to meet our coverage requirements, which could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
We are subject to numerous obligations in our contracts with our partners and government agencies. Despite the measures we have implemented to comply with our contracts, we may fail to meet these commitments, whether through a weakness in these procedures, systems and internal controls, negligence or the willful act of an employee.
Our insurance policies may be inadequate to compensate us for the potentially significant losses that may result from claims arising from failure to meet our contractual obligations, disruptions in our services, including those caused by cybersecurity incidents, failures or disruptions to our infrastructure, catastrophic events and disasters or otherwise. In addition, such insurance may not be available to us in the future on economically reasonable terms, or at all. Further, our insurance may not cover all claims made against us and defending a suit, regardless of its merit, could be costly and divert management’s attention.
Additionally, we procure insurance policies to cover various operations-related risks, including general business liability, workers’ compensation, cyber liability and data breaches, and directors’ and officers’ liability insurance. Moreover, government agencies, states and municipalities may pass new legislation related to companies’ responsibility to protect personally identifiable information generally, as well as biometric information specifically, and appropriate insurance coverage may not be available to us in the future on economically reasonable terms or at all to cover all of our business exposure. If we fail to comply with insurance regulatory requirements in the regions where we operate, or other regulations governing insurance coverage, our brand, reputation, business, results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected. For example, if the DHS were to increase the insurance coverage requirements for us related to our certification as a Qualified Anti-Terrorism Technology under the SAFETY Act, such insurance coverage may significantly increase our costs or may not be available to us.
Our costs for obtaining insurance policies will increase as our business grows and continues to evolve. As our business continues to develop and expand, we may experience difficulty in obtaining insurance coverage for new and evolving offerings, which could require us to incur greater costs and materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Our use of “open source” software could adversely affect our ability to offer our services and subject us to possible litigation, and may increase our vulnerability to unauthorized access and cyberattacks.
We use open source software in connection with certain of our products and services. Companies that incorporate open source software into their products have, from time to time, faced claims challenging the use of open source software and/or compliance with open source license terms. As a result, we could be subject to suits by parties claiming ownership of what we believe to be open source software or claiming noncompliance with open source licensing terms. Some open source software licenses require users who distribute software containing open source software to publicly disclose all or part of the source code to such software and/or make available any derivative works of the open source code, which could include valuable proprietary code of the user, on unfavorable terms or at no cost. While we monitor the use of open source software and try to ensure that none is used in a manner that would require us to disclose our proprietary source code or that would otherwise breach the terms of an open source agreement, such use could inadvertently occur, in part because open source license terms are often ambiguous. Any requirement to disclose our proprietary source code or pay damages for breach of contract could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations and could help our competitors develop products and services that are similar to or better than ours.
In addition to risks related to license requirements, the use of open source software may increase our vulnerability to unauthorized access to our systems and other risks relating to cybersecurity. Open
 
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source software licensors generally do not provide updates, warranties, support, indemnities, assurances of title, or controls on origin of the software. Likewise, some open source projects have known security and other vulnerabilities and architectural instabilities, or are otherwise subject to cyberattacks due to their wide availability, and are provided on an “as-is” basis.
Liability protections provided by the SAFETY Act may be limited.
Certain of our technologies and solutions are certified or designated by the DHS as Qualified Anti-Terrorism Technologies under the SAFETY Act. The SAFETY Act provides important legal liability protections for providers of qualified anti-terrorism products and services. Under the SAFETY Act, technology providers may apply to the DHS for coverage of the products and services. If granted coverage, such providers receive certain legal protections against product liability, professional liability and certain other claims that could arise following an act of terrorism. While we believe our applicable technologies and solutions will continue to meet with the approval of the DHS’s SAFETY Act office, we cannot be sure that the SAFETY Act certification and designation will be renewed in the future. Additionally, we do not enjoy coverage for every service we provide. In addition, the terms of the SAFETY Act coverage decisions awarded to us by the DHS contain conditions and requirements that we may not be able to continue to satisfy in the future. In the future, if the DHS limits availability of SAFETY Act coverage or the scope of any coverage previously awarded to us, denies us coverage or continued coverage for a particular service, or delays in making decisions about whether to grant us coverage, we may become exposed to legal claims that the SAFETY Act was otherwise designed to prevent.
Risks Related to Our Financial Results
We may not be able to achieve or sustain profitability in the future and, in the near term, we expect the amount of net losses we generate to increase.
We have not been profitable since our relaunch in 2010, and we recorded a net loss of approximately $9.3 million and approximately $54.2 million for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and a net loss of approximately $13.1 million and $51.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
We expect our expenses to increase, in some cases significantly in comparison to the first quarter of 2021 and the 2020 fiscal year, when we had lower staffing needs and proactively reduced our operating expenses as we attempted to manage the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our financial results. We may also incur increased expenses in response to increased travel volumes as the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the travel industry subsides or otherwise to support our growth efforts. In the near term, we expect that our expenses will increase at a faster rate than our revenues. As a result, we expect to have increased amounts of net losses in the near term as well as decreased amounts of Adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash Flow, particularly in comparison to the first quarter of 2021 and the 2020 fiscal year (and comparable quarters in the 2020 fiscal year). See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic.”
We cannot assure you that we will be able to achieve or sustain profitability on a quarterly or an annual basis. If we generate losses in the future, if our net losses increase or if we are cash flow negative, the market price of our common stock may decline.
If our estimates or judgments relating to our critical accounting policies prove to be incorrect, our results of operations could be adversely affected.
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, as provided in the section titled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” The results of these estimates form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets, liabilities and equity, and the amount of revenue and expenses that are not readily apparent from other sources. Significant assumptions and estimates used in preparing our consolidated financial statements
 
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include, or could in the future include, those related to revenue recognition, capitalized internal-use software costs, income taxes, other non-income taxes, business combinations, valuation of goodwill, purchased intangible assets and share-based compensation. Our results of operations may be adversely affected if our assumptions change or if actual circumstances differ from those in our assumptions, which could cause our results of operations to fall below the expectations of securities analysts and investors, resulting in a decline in the trading price of our Class A common stock.
Our focus on delivering a safe, reliable, predictable and frictionless member experience may not maximize short-term financial results, which may yield results that conflict with the market’s expectations and could result in our stock price being negatively affected.
We are focused on continually enhancing our members’ experience on, and utilization of, our platform. We seek to achieve this objective by expanding our platform into our members’ lives by entering into new verticals and airports, which may not necessarily maximize short-term financial results. We frequently make business decisions that may adversely impact our short-term financial results if we believe that the decisions are consistent with our goals to improve our members’ experience, which we believe will improve our financial results over the long term. These decisions may not be consistent with the short-term expectations of our stockholders and may not produce the long-term benefits that we expect, in which case our membership growth and the utilization of our platform, as well as our business, financial condition, and operating results, could be materially adversely affected.
Certain estimates of market opportunity and forecasts of market growth included in this prospectus may prove to be inaccurate.
This prospectus includes our internal and third-party estimates of the addressable market for identity solutions. Market opportunity estimates and growth forecasts, whether obtained from third-party sources or developed internally, are subject to significant uncertainty and are based on assumptions and estimates that may not prove to be accurate. The estimates and forecasts in this prospectus relating to the size and expected growth of our target market, market demand and adoption, capacity to address this demand and pricing are difficult to predict and may prove to be inaccurate. In addition, our internal estimates of the total addressable market and serviceable available market for our solutions reflect the opportunity available from all participants and potential participants in the market. The addressable market we estimate may not materialize for many years, if ever, and even if the markets in which we compete meet the size estimates and growth forecasted in this prospectus, our business could fail to grow at similar rates, if at all.
Risks Related to Our Organization and Structure
We are a holding company and our principal asset after completion of this offering will be our equity interests in Alclear, and we are accordingly dependent upon distributions from Alclear to pay dividends, if any, and taxes, make payments under any tax receivable agreement and cover other expenses, including our corporate and other overhead expenses.
We are a holding company and, upon completion of the reorganization transactions and this offering, our principal asset will be our ownership of Alclear Units. See “Organizational Structure.” We have no independent means of generating revenue, and our ability to pay our taxes and operating expenses will be dependent upon the financial results and cash flows of Alclear and its subsidiaries and distributions we receive from Alclear. As the sole managing member of Alclear, we intend to cause Alclear to make distributions to us, the Founder Post-IPO Members and the other CLEAR Post-IPO Members, in amounts sufficient to cover all applicable taxes payable by us, any payments we are obligated to make under the tax receivable agreement we intend to enter into as part of the reorganization transactions and other costs or expenses. However, there can be no assurance that Alclear will generate sufficient cash flow to distribute funds to us or that applicable state law and contractual restrictions, including negative covenants in our debt instruments, will permit such distributions.
To the extent that we need funds and Alclear is restricted from making such distributions to us, under applicable law or regulation, as a result of covenants in our debt agreements or otherwise, we may not
 
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be able to obtain such funds on terms acceptable to us or at all and as a result could suffer a material adverse effect on our liquidity and financial condition.
Under Alclear's second amended and restated operating agreement, we expect Alclear from time to time to make pro rata distributions in cash to its unitholders, including us, the Founder Post-IPO Members and the other CLEAR Post-IPO Members, in amounts sufficient to cover taxes on our allocable share of the taxable income of Alclear and payments we are obligated to make under the tax receivable agreement. As a result of (i) potential differences in the amount of net taxable income allocable to us and to Alclear’s other unitholders, (ii) the lower tax rate applicable to corporations than individuals and (iii) the favorable tax benefits that we anticipate from (a) the Company’s allocable share of existing tax basis acquired in this offering, (b) increases in the Company’s allocable share of existing tax basis and adjustments to the tax basis of the tangible and intangible assets of Alclear as a result of exchanges by the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or other assignees) of Alclear Units (along with the corresponding shares of our Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as applicable) for shares of our Class A common stock or Class B common stock, as applicable, and purchases of Alclear Units and corresponding shares of Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as the case may be, from CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or other assignees) and (c) certain other tax benefits related to entering into the tax receivable agreement, including tax benefits attributable to payments under the tax receivable agreement, we expect that these cash distributions will be in amounts that exceed our tax liabilities. Our board of directors will determine the appropriate uses for any excess cash so accumulated, which may include, among other uses, the payment of obligations under the tax receivable agreement and the payment of other expenses. We will have no obligation to distribute such cash (or other available cash) to our stockholders. No adjustments to the exchange ratio for Alclear Units and corresponding shares of common stock will be made as a result of any cash distribution by us or any retention of cash by us, and in any event the ratio will remain one-to-one. To the extent we do not distribute such excess cash as dividends on our Class A common stock or Class B Common Stock or otherwise take ameliorative actions between Alclear Units and shares of Class A common stock or Class B Common Stock and instead, for example, hold such cash balances, or lend them to Alclear, this may result in shares of our Class A common stock or Class B Common Stock increasing in value relative to the value of Alclear Units. The holders of Alclear Units may benefit from any value attributable to such cash balances if they acquire shares of Class A common stock or Class B Common Stock in exchange for their Alclear Units, notwithstanding that such holders may previously have participated as holders of Alclear Units in distributions that resulted in such excess cash balances.
Our organizational structure, including the tax receivable agreement, confers certain benefits upon the CLEAR Post-IPO Members that will not benefit holders of our Class A common stock to the same extent that it will benefit the CLEAR Post-IPO Members.
Our organizational structure, including the tax receivable agreement, confers certain benefits upon the CLEAR Post-IPO Members that will not benefit the holders of our Class A common stock to the same extent that it will benefit the CLEAR Post-IPO Members. We intend to enter into a tax receivable agreement with the CLEAR Post-IPO Members that will provide for the payment by us to the CLEAR Post-IPO Members of 85% of the amount of cash savings, if any, in U.S. federal, state and local income tax or franchise tax that we actually realize (computed using simplifying assumptions to address the impact of state and local taxes) as a result of (i) any increase in tax basis in Alclear’s assets resulting from (a) exchanges by the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or other assignees) of Alclear Units (along with the corresponding shares of our Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as applicable) for shares of our Class A common stock or Class B common stock, as applicable, and purchases of Alclear Units and corresponding shares of Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as the case may be, from CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or other assignees) or (b) payments under the tax receivable agreement, and (ii) tax benefits related to imputed interest deemed arising as a result of payments made under the tax receivable agreement. See “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions—Tax Receivable Agreement.” Although the Company will retain 15% of the amount of such tax benefits, this and other aspects of our organizational structure may adversely impact the future trading market for the Class A common stock or Class C common stock.
 
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We are controlled by the Founder Post-IPO Members, whose interests in our business may be different than yours.
Based on an assumed initial public offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus), the Founder Post-IPO Members will collectively control approximately    % of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock (or    % if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full) after the completion of this offering and the application of the net proceeds from this offering as a result of its ownership of our Class B common stock and our Class D common stock, each share of which is entitled to 20 votes per share on all matters submitted to a vote of our stockholders.
The Founder Post-IPO Members will have the ability to control our Company, including the ability to control any action requiring the general approval of our stockholders, including the election of our board of directors, the adoption of amendments to our certificate of incorporation and by-laws and the approval of any merger or sale of substantially all of our assets. This concentration of ownership and voting power may also delay, defer or even prevent an acquisition by a third party or other change of control of our Company and may make some transactions more difficult or impossible without the support of the Founder Post-IPO Members, even if such events are in the best interests of minority stockholders. This concentration of voting power with the Founder Post-IPO Members may have a negative impact on the price of our Class A common stock. In addition, because shares of our Class B common stock and Class D common stock each have 20 votes per share on matters submitted to a vote of our stockholders, the Founder Post-IPO Members may be able to control our Company until such time that the Founder Post-IPO Members no longer collectively beneficially own a majority of the voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock. Further, even when the Founder Post-IPO Members cease to collectively own shares of our common stock representing a majority of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock, for so long as the Founder Post-IPO Members continue to collectively own a significant percentage of our stock, they will still be able to significantly influence the composition of our board of directors and the approval of actions requiring stockholder approval through their voting power.
The Founder Post-IPO Members’ interests may not be fully aligned with yours. Because each Founder Post-IPO Member holds part of its economic interest in our business through Alclear, rather than through the public company, they may have conflicting interests with holders of shares of our Class A common stock. For example, the Founder Post-IPO Members may have a different tax position from us, which could influence its decisions regarding whether and when we should dispose of assets or incur new or refinance existing indebtedness, especially in light of the existence of the tax receivable agreement that we will enter into in connection with this offering, and whether and when we should undergo certain changes of control within the meaning of the tax receivable agreement or terminate the tax receivable agreement. In addition, the structuring of future transactions may take into consideration these tax or other considerations even where no similar benefit would accrue to us. See “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions—Tax Receivable Agreement.”
For additional information regarding the share ownership of, and our relationship with, the Founder Post-IPO Members, you should read the information under the headings “Principal Stockholders” and “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions.”
We will be required to pay the CLEAR Post-IPO Members for certain tax benefits we may claim, and the amounts we may pay could be significant.
Future exchanges by the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or other assignees) of Alclear Units and corresponding shares of Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as the case may be, for shares of our Class A common stock or Class B common stock, respectively, and purchases of Alclear Units and corresponding shares of Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as the case may be, from CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or other assignees) are expected to produce favorable tax attributes. These tax attributes would not be available to us in the absence of those transactions. Both the existing and anticipated tax basis adjustments are expected to reduce the amount of tax that we would otherwise be required to pay in the future.
 
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We intend to enter into a tax receivable agreement with the CLEAR Post-IPO Members that will provide for the payment by us to the CLEAR Post-IPO Members of 85% of the amount of cash savings, if any, in U.S. federal, state and local income tax or franchise tax that we actually realize (computed using simplifying assumptions to address the impact of state and local taxes) as a result of (i) any increase in tax basis in Alclear’s assets resulting from (a) exchanges by the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or other assignees) of Alclear Units (along with the corresponding shares of our Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as applicable) for shares of our Class A common stock or Class B common stock, as applicable, and purchases of Alclear Units and corresponding shares of Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as the case may be, from CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or other assignees) or (b) payments under the tax receivable agreement, and (ii) tax benefits related to imputed interest deemed arising as a result of payments made under the tax receivable agreement.
The actual increase in tax basis, as well as the amount and timing of any payments under the tax receivable agreement, will vary depending upon a number of factors, including the timing of exchanges by or purchases from the CLEAR Post-IPO Members, the price of our Class A common stock at the time of the exchange, the extent to which such exchanges are taxable, the amount and timing of the taxable income we generate in the future and the tax rate then applicable and the portion of our payments under the tax receivable agreement constituting imputed interest.
We expect that the payments we will be required to make under the tax receivable agreement will be substantial. Further, assuming no material changes in relevant tax law and that we earn sufficient taxable income to realize all tax benefits that are subject to the tax receivable agreement, we expect that the tax savings associated with all tax attributes described above would aggregate to approximately $      million over 15 years from the date of the completion of this offering, based on an assumed initial public offering price of $      per share of Class A common stock, the midpoint of the estimated price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus and assuming all future redemptions, purchases or exchanges would occur on the date of this offering. Under this scenario, we would be required to pay the CLEAR Post-IPO Members 85% of such amount, or approximately $      million, over the 15-year period from the date of the completion of this offering. The actual amounts we will be required to pay may materially differ from these hypothetical amounts, because potential future tax savings that we will be deemed to realize, and the tax receivable agreement payments made by us, will be calculated based in part on the market value of our Class A common stock at the time of each redemption or exchange of an Alclear Unit (along with the corresponding share of our Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as applicable) for cash or a share of Class A common stock or Class B common stock, as applicable and the prevailing applicable federal tax rate (plus the assumed combined state and local tax rate) applicable to us over the life of the tax receivable agreement and will depend on our generating sufficient taxable income to realize the tax benefits that are subject to the tax receivable agreement.
Payments under the tax receivable agreement will be based on the tax reporting positions that we determine, and the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”), or another tax authority may challenge all or part of the tax basis increases or other tax benefits we claim, as well as other related tax positions we take, and a court could sustain such challenge. Although we are not aware of any issue that would cause the IRS to challenge the tax basis increases or other benefits arising under the tax receivable agreement, if the outcome of any such challenge would reasonably be expected to materially affect a recipient’s payments under the tax receivable agreement, then we will not be permitted to settle such challenge without the consent (not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed) of the CLEAR Post-IPO Members. The interests of the CLEAR Post-IPO Members in any such challenge may differ from or conflict with our interests and your interests, and the CLEAR Post-IPO Members may exercise their consent rights relating to any such challenge in a manner adverse to our interests and your interests. We will not be reimbursed for any cash payments previously made to the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or assignees) under the tax receivable agreement in the event that any tax benefits initially claimed by us and for which payment has been made to the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or assignees) are subsequently challenged by a taxing authority and are ultimately disallowed. Instead, any excess cash payments made by us to the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or assignees) will be netted against any future cash payments that we might otherwise be
 
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required to make to the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or assignees) under the terms of the tax receivable agreement. However, we might not determine that we have effectively made an excess cash payment to the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or its transferee or assignee) for a number of years following the initial time of such payment and, if any of our tax reporting positions are challenged by a taxing authority, we will not be permitted to reduce any future cash payments under the tax receivable agreement until any such challenge is finally settled or determined. Moreover, the excess cash payments we previously made under the tax receivable agreement could be greater than the amount of future cash payments against which we would otherwise be permitted to net such excess. As a result, payments could be made under the tax receivable agreement significantly in excess of any tax savings that we realize in respect of the tax attributes with respect to the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or assignees) that are the subject of the tax receivable agreement.
In addition, the tax receivable agreement will provide that in the case of a change in control of the Company or a material breach of our obligations under the tax receivable agreement, we are required to make a payment to the CLEAR Post-IPO Members in an amount equal to the present value of future payments (calculated using a discount rate equal to the lesser of 6.5% or London InterBank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) (or, in the absence of LIBOR, its successor rate) plus 100 basis points, which may differ from our, or a potential acquirer’s, then-current cost of capital) under the tax receivable agreement, which payment would be based on certain assumptions, including those relating to our future taxable income. In these situations, our obligations under the tax receivable agreement could have a substantial negative impact on our, or a potential acquirer’s, liquidity and could have the effect of delaying, deferring, modifying or preventing certain mergers, asset sales, other forms of business combinations or other changes of control. These provisions of the tax receivable agreement may result in situations where the CLEAR Post-IPO Members have interests that differ from or are in addition to those of our other stockholders. In addition, we could be required to make payments under the tax receivable agreement that are substantial and in excess of our, or a potential acquirer’s, actual cash savings in income tax.
Decisions we make in the course of running our business, such as with respect to mergers, asset sales, other forms of business combinations or other changes in control, may influence the timing and amount of payments made under the tax receivable agreement. For example, the earlier disposition of assets following an exchange or purchase of Alclear Units may accelerate payments under the tax receivable agreement and increase the present value of such payments, and the disposition of assets before an exchange or purchase of Alclear Units may increase the tax liability of CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or assignees) without giving rise to any rights to receive payments under the tax receivable agreement. Such effects may result in differences or conflicts of interest between the interests of CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or assignees) and the interests of other stockholders.
Finally, because we are a holding company with no operations of our own, our ability to make payments under the tax receivable agreement are dependent on the ability of our subsidiaries to make distributions to us. Our debt agreements could restrict the ability of our subsidiaries to make distributions to us, which could affect our ability to make payments under the tax receivable agreement. To the extent that we are unable to make payments under the tax receivable agreement for any reason, such payments will be deferred and will accrue interest until paid, which could negatively impact our results of operations and could also affect our liquidity in periods in which such payments are made.
Our Credit Agreement contains restrictions that limit our flexibility.
The covenants in our Credit Agreement, dated as of March 31, 2020 (as amended by Amendment No. 1 to Credit Agreement, dated as of April 29, 2021, and as may be further amended from time to time, the “Credit Agreement”), by and among Alclear, the other loan parties thereto, the lenders party thereto and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., may negatively impact our ability to finance future operations or capital needs or to engage in other business activities. Our Credit Agreement requires us to maintain a specified net leverage ratio, which may require us to take action to reduce our debt or to act in a manner contrary to our business objectives. Our Credit Agreement also restricts our ability to, among other things: incur additional debt and guarantee indebtedness; pay dividends on or make distributions in
 
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respect of, or repurchase or redeem, our capital stock, or make other restricted payments; prepay, redeem, or repurchase certain debt; make loans or certain investments; sell certain assets; create liens on certain assets; consolidate, merge, sell, or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of our assets; enter into certain transactions with our affiliates; alter the businesses we conduct; and enter into agreements restricting our subsidiaries’ ability to pay dividends. We could incur substantial indebtedness in the future, and the agreements governing any such indebtedness may provide further restrictions on our business.
As a result of these covenants, we will be limited in the manner in which we conduct our business, and we may be unable to engage in favorable business activities or finance future operations or capital needs. These restrictive covenants may limit our ability to engage in activities that may be in our long-term best interest. The failure to comply with those covenants could result in an event of default which, if not cured or waived, could result in the acceleration of a substantial amount of our indebtedness. In the event of an acceleration, we may not have or be able to obtain sufficient funds to refinance our indebtedness or to make any accelerated payments. Even if we were able to obtain new financing, we would not be able to guarantee that the new financing would be on commercially reasonable terms. If we default on our indebtedness, our business, financial condition and results of operation could suffer a material adverse effect.
Risks Related to this Offering and Our Class A Common Stock
No public market currently exists for our Class A common stock, and there can be no assurance that an active public market for our Class A common stock will develop.
Prior to this offering, there has been no public market for our Class A common stock. The initial public offering price for our Class A common stock will be determined through negotiations between us and the representatives of the underwriters and may not be indicative of the market price of our Class A common stock after this offering. If you purchase shares of our Class A common stock, you may not be able to resell those shares of Class A common stock at or above the initial public offering price. We cannot predict the extent to which investor interest in our Class A common stock will lead to the development of an active trading market on the NYSE or otherwise or how liquid that market might become. If an active public market for our Class A common stock does not develop, or is not sustained, it may be difficult for you to sell your Class A common stock at a price that is attractive to you or at all.
Substantial future sales of shares of our Class A common stock in the public market could cause our stock price to fall.
Sales of a substantial number of shares of our Class A common stock into the public market in the future, particularly sales by our directors, executive officers and principal stockholders, or the perception that these sales might occur, could cause the market price of our Class A common stock to decline and could impair our ability to raise capital through the sale of additional equity securities.
Upon the consummation of this offering, we will have                 shares of Class A common stock (or                 shares if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full) outstanding, excluding                 shares of Class A common stock underlying outstanding stock options and restricted stock units and, based on an assumed initial public offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus),                 shares of Class A common stock issuable upon potential exchanges and/or conversions. Of these shares, the                 shares sold in this offering (or                 shares if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full) will be freely tradable without further restriction under the Securities Act. Upon the completion of this offering, the remaining outstanding shares of Class A common stock, including shares issuable upon exchange and/or conversion, will be deemed “restricted securities,” as that term is defined under Rule 144 of the Securities Act. Immediately following the consummation of this offering, the holders of these remaining                 shares of our Class A common stock, including shares issuable upon exchange or conversion as described above (or                 shares if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full) will be entitled to dispose of their shares pursuant to
 
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(i) the applicable holding period, volume and other restrictions of Rule 144 or (ii) another exemption from registration under the Securities Act, subject to, in the case of substantially all of the holders, the expiration of the underwriter “lock-up” period. See “Shares Eligible for Future Sale.”
We intend to file a registration statement under the Securities Act registering         shares of our Class A common stock reserved for issuance under our 2021 Omnibus Incentive Plan, and we will enter into the Registration Rights Agreement pursuant to which we will grant demand and piggyback registration rights to the Founder Post-IPO Members and certain holders of our common stock. See “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions—Registration Rights Agreement” and “Shares Eligible for Future Sale” for a more detailed description of the shares that will be available for future sale upon completion of this offering.
As of March 31, 2021, after giving effect to the reorganization transactions and this offering, we would have had outstanding warrants exercisable for             shares of Class A common stock (either directly or indirectly through the exercise for Alclear Units that are exchangeable for shares of Class A common stock), of which    % would have vested. To the extent any such warrants vest, as applicable, and are exercised, additional shares of our Class A common stock will be issued, which will result in dilution to the holders of our Class A common stock and increase the number of shares eligible for resale in the public market.
If we fail to maintain an effective system of internal controls, our ability to produce timely and accurate financial statements or comply with applicable regulations could be impaired.
As a public company, we will be subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and the rules and regulations of the NYSE. We expect that the requirements of these rules and regulations will increase our legal, accounting and financial compliance costs, make some activities more difficult, time-consuming and costly and place significant strain on our personnel, systems and resources.
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires, among other things, that we maintain effective disclosure controls and procedures over financial reporting. We are continuing to develop and refine our disclosure controls, internal control over financial reporting and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we will file with the SEC is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and that information required to be disclosed in reports under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our principal executive and financial officers.
Our current controls and any new controls we develop may become inadequate because of growth in our business. Further, weaknesses in our internal controls may be discovered in the future. Any failure to develop or maintain effective controls, or any difficulties encountered in their implementation or improvement, could harm our operating results or cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations and may result in a restatement of our financial statements for prior financial reporting periods. Any failure to implement and maintain effective internal controls also could adversely affect the results of periodic management evaluations and annual independent registered public accounting firm attestation reports regarding the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting that we will be required to include in our periodic reports to be filed with the SEC under Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act once we cease to be an emerging growth company. Ineffective disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting could also cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial and other information, which would likely have a negative effect on the market price of our stock.
We have expended and anticipate we will continue to expend significant resources, and we expect to provide significant management oversight, to maintain and improve the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting. Any failure to maintain the adequacy of our internal controls, or consequent inability to produce accurate financial statements on a timely basis, could increase our operating costs and could materially impair our ability to operate our business and negatively impact our share price. In addition, if we are unable to continue to meet these requirements, we may not be able to remain listed on the NYSE.
 
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We are not currently required to comply with the SEC rules that implement Sections 302 and 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and we are therefore not required to make a formal assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting for that purpose. Upon becoming a public company, we will be required to comply with certain of these rules, which will require management to certify financial and other information in our quarterly and annual reports and provide an annual management report on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. To comply with the requirements of being a public company, we will need to undertake various actions, such as implementing new internal controls and procedures. Although we will be required to disclose changes made in our internal controls and procedures on a quarterly basis, we are not required to make our first annual assessment of our internal control over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404 until the year following our first annual report required to be filed with the SEC, or for the year ending December 31, 2022. Our independent registered public accounting firm is not required to formally attest to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting until after we are no longer an emerging growth company. At such time, our independent registered public accounting firm may issue a report that is adverse in the event it is not satisfied with the level at which our controls are documented, designed or operating.
We do not anticipate paying any cash dividends, and accordingly, stockholders must rely on stock appreciation for any return on their investment.
We do not currently anticipate declaring any cash dividends to holders of our Class A common stock in the foreseeable future. Additionally, our ability to pay dividends on our common stock is limited by the restrictions under the terms of our Credit Agreement. We anticipate that for the foreseeable future we will retain all of our future earnings for use in the development of our business and for general corporate purposes. Any determination to pay dividends in the future will be at the discretion of our board of directors. Consequently, investors must rely on sales of their Class A common stock after price appreciation, which may never occur, as the only way to realize any future gains on their investment. Investors seeking cash dividends should not invest in our Class A common stock.
Provisions in our charter documents and certain rules imposed by regulatory authorities may delay or prevent our acquisition by a third party.
Our certificate of incorporation and by-laws will contain several provisions that may make it more difficult or expensive for a third party to acquire control of us without the approval of our board of directors. These provisions, which may delay, prevent or deter a merger, acquisition, tender offer, proxy contest or other transaction that stockholders may consider favorable, include the following, some of which only become effective the first date on which Ms. Seidman-Becker and Mr. Cornick (the “Co-Founders”), together with the other persons in their permitted ownership groups (which include the Founder Post-IPO Members), collectively beneficially own, in aggregate, less than a majority of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock entitled to vote generally in the election of directors (the “Triggering Event”):

the 20 vote per share feature of our Class B common stock and Class D common stock;

after the Triggering Event, the sole ability of the board of directors to fill a vacancy on the board of directors;

prohibiting our stockholders from calling a special meeting of stockholders;

after the Triggering Event, no ability for our stockholders to take action by written consent;

after the Triggering Event, certain amendments to our certificate of incorporation or amendments to our by-laws will require the approval of 66 2/3% of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock;

after the Triggering Event, removal of directors will require the approval of holders of at least 6623% of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock; and

authorizing “blank check” preferred stock, the terms and issuance of which can be determined by our board of directors without any need for action by stockholders.
 
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Additionally, as a Delaware corporation, we are also subject to provisions of Delaware law, which may impede or discourage a takeover attempt that our stockholders may find beneficial. For example, Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law prohibits a publicly held Delaware corporation from engaging in a business combination with an interested stockholder, unless the business combination is approved in a prescribed manner. An interested stockholder includes a person, individually or together with any other interested stockholder, who within the last three years has owned 15% or more of our voting stock. We will opt out of Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law, but our certificate of incorporation will include a similar provision that restricts us from engaging in any business combination with an interested stockholder for three years following the date that person becomes an interested stockholder. Such restrictions, however, do not apply to any business combination between (i) any Founder Post-IPO Member, (ii) any Co-Founder, (iii) any other person in any Co-Founder’s permitted ownership group, (iv) any affiliate, successor or Related Party of any of the foregoing or (v) any Permitted Transferee of any of the foregoing. For purposes of this discussion, a person is a “Related Party” of another person if they are an affiliate or successor of such other person or are a “group,” or member of any such group, to which such other person is a party under Rule 13d-5 of the Exchange Act. For purposes of this discussion, a person is a “Permitted Transferee” of another person if they (A) acquire (other than in connection with a registered public offering) our voting stock from such other person or any of such other person’s Related Parties and (B) are designated in writing by a Founder Post-IPO Member or its successor or assignee as a “Permitted Transferee”.
These provisions of our certificate of incorporation and by-laws and Delaware law could discourage potential takeover attempts and reduce the price that investors might be willing to pay for shares of our Class A common stock in the future, which could reduce the market price of our Class A common stock. For more information, see “Description of Capital Stock.”
Our stock price may be volatile, and you may be unable to resell your shares at or above the offering price or at all.
Prior to this offering, there has been no public market for our Class A common stock, and an active trading market may not develop or be sustained upon the completion of this offering. The initial public offering price of the Class A common stock offered hereby was determined through our negotiations with the underwriters and may not be indicative of the market price of the Class A common stock after this offering. The market price of our Class A common stock after this offering will be subject to significant fluctuations in response to, among other factors:

our operating and financial performance and prospects;

quarterly variations in the rate of growth (if any) of our financial or operational indicators, such as earnings per share, net income, revenues, Total Cumulative Enrollments, Total Cumulative Platform Uses, Annual CLEAR Plus Net Member Retention, Total Bookings, Adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash Flow;

the public reaction to our press releases, our other public announcements and our filings with the SEC;

strategic actions by our competitors or third parties;

changes in operating performance and the stock market valuations of other companies;

announcements related to litigation;

our failure to meet revenue or earnings estimates made by research analysts or other investors;

changes in revenue or earnings estimates, or changes in recommendations or withdrawal of research coverage, by equity research analysts;

speculation in the press or investment community;

sales of our common stock by us or our stockholders, or the perception that such sales may occur;
 
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changes in accounting principles, policies, guidance, interpretations or standards;

additions or departures of key management personnel;

actions by our stockholders;

general market conditions;

domestic and international economic, legal and regulatory factors unrelated to our performance;

material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting; and

the realization of any risks described under this “Risk Factors” section, or other risks that may materialize in the future.
Additionally, our operating and financial performance has historically varied from period to period, and we expect that they will continue to do so as a result of a number of factors, many of which are outside of our control and difficult to predict. This variability and unpredictability could result in our failing to meet the expectations of securities analysts or investors for any period. If we fail to meet or exceed such expectations for these or any other reasons, the market price of our Class A common stock could fall substantially.
Furthermore, in recent years the stock market has experienced significant price and volume fluctuations. This volatility has had a significant impact on the market price of securities issued by many companies. The changes frequently appear to occur without regard to the operating performance of the affected companies. As such, the price of our Class A common stock could fluctuate based upon factors that have little or nothing to do with us, and these fluctuations could materially reduce the price of our Class A common stock and materially affect the value of your investment.
Because the initial public offering price per share of Class A common stock is substantially higher than our book value per share, purchasers in this offering will immediately experience a substantial dilution in net tangible book value.
Purchasers of our Class A common stock will experience immediate and substantial dilution in net tangible book value per share from the initial public offering price per share. After giving effect to the reorganization transactions, our entry into the tax receivable agreement, the sale of the                 shares of Class A common stock we have offered hereby (after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us) and the application of the net proceeds therefrom, our pro forma net tangible book value as of March 31, 2021 would have been a deficit of $      million, or $      per share of Class A common stock and Class B common stock (assuming that the CLEAR Post-IPO Members exchange all of their Alclear Units and corresponding shares of Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as applicable, for shares of our Class A common stock and Class B common stock, as applicable, on a one-for-one basis). This value represents an immediate dilution in net tangible book value of $      per share to new investors purchasing shares of our Class A common stock in this offering. A calculation of the dilution purchasers will incur is provided below under “Dilution.”
We will incur increased costs as a result of operating as a public company and our management will be required to devote substantial time to new compliance initiatives and corporate governance practices.
As a public company, we will incur significant legal, accounting, administrative and other costs and expenses that we have not previously incurred or have experience with as a private company. We will be subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, which will require, among other things, that we file with the SEC annual, quarterly and current reports with respect to our business and financial condition. In addition, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and rules subsequently implemented by the SEC and the NYSE impose numerous requirements on public companies, including establishment and maintenance of effective disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting and corporate governance practices. Further, pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, the SEC has adopted additional rules and regulations in these areas, such as
 
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mandatory “say on pay” voting requirements that will apply to us when we cease to be an emerging growth company. Stockholder activism, the political environment and government intervention and regulatory reform may lead to substantial new regulations and disclosure obligations, which may lead to additional compliance costs and may impact the manner in which we operate our business in ways we cannot currently anticipate. Our management and other personnel will need to devote a substantial amount of time to compliance with these laws and regulations. These requirements have increased and will continue to increase our legal, accounting and financial compliance costs and have made and will continue to make some activities more time consuming and costly. For example, we expect these rules and regulations to make it more difficult and more expensive for us to obtain director and officer liability insurance, and we may be required to incur substantial costs to maintain the same or similar coverage. These rules and regulations could also make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified persons to serve on our board of directors or our board committees or as executive officers.
For as long as we remain an “emerging growth company” as defined in the JOBS Act, we intend to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not “emerging growth companies” including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.
Under the JOBS Act, “emerging growth companies” can delay adopting new or revised accounting standards until such time as those standards apply to private companies.
After we are no longer an “emerging growth company,” we expect to incur additional management time and cost to comply with the more stringent reporting requirements applicable to companies that are deemed accelerated filers or large accelerated filers, including complying with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.
The increased costs will decrease our net income or increase our net loss, and may require us to reduce costs in other areas of our business or increase the prices of our products. We cannot predict or estimate the amount or timing of additional costs we may incur to respond to these requirements and appropriately train our employees and management. These rules and regulations are often subject to varying interpretations, in many cases due to their lack of specificity, and, as a result, their application in practice may evolve over time as new guidance is provided by regulatory and governing bodies. This could result in continuing uncertainty regarding compliance matters and higher costs necessitated by ongoing revisions to disclosure and governance practices.
We are an “emerging growth company,” and the reduced disclosure requirements applicable to such companies could make our Class A common stock less attractive to investors.
We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in the JOBS Act enacted in April 2012, and may remain an “emerging growth company” until the last day of the year following the fifth anniversary of the completion of this offering. However, if certain events occur prior to the end of such five-year period, including if we become a “large accelerated filer,” our annual gross revenues equals or exceeds an amount specified by regulation (currently $1.07 billion) or we issue more than $1.0 billion of non-convertible debt in any three-year period, we will cease to be an emerging growth company prior to the end of such five-year period. For as long as we remain an “emerging growth company,” we are permitted and intend to rely on exemptions from certain disclosure requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not “emerging growth companies.” These exemptions include:

being permitted to provide only two years of audited financial statements, in addition to any required unaudited interim financial statements, with correspondingly reduced “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” disclosure;

not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements in the assessment of our internal control over financial reporting;

reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation; and
 
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exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.
We have taken advantage of reduced reporting burdens in this prospectus. In particular, in this prospectus, we have provided only two years of audited financial statements and have not included all of the executive compensation related information that would be required if we were not an emerging growth company. We cannot predict whether investors will find our Class A common stock less attractive if we rely on these exemptions. In addition, the JOBS Act provides that an emerging growth company can take advantage of an extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards, delaying the adoption of these accounting standards until they would apply to private companies. We have elected to take advantage of this extended transition period and therefore will not be subject to the same new or revised accounting standards as other public companies that are not emerging growth companies. We cannot predict if investors will find our Class A common stock less attractive because we may rely on these exemptions.
If some investors find our Class A common stock less attractive because we are permitted to or choose to rely on these exemptions, there may be a less active trading market for our Class A common stock and our stock price may be more volatile and it may be difficult for us to raise additional capital if and when we need it.
We anticipate incurring substantial stock-based compensation expense related to the Founder PSUs, which may have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations and may result in substantial dilution.
We expect to grant the Founder PSUs following the pricing of this offering. The Founder PSUs will be eligible to vest over a five-year period based on the achievement of pre-determined stock price goals ranging from 1.5 to 3.0 times the pricing of this offering. The Founder PSUs will become vested based on the achievement of such stock price goals (measured as a volume-weighted average stock price over 180 days) during overlapping measurement periods that begin two years following the closing of this offering and end five years following the closing of this offering, or earlier in the event of a change of control. For additional information regarding the terms of the Founder PSUs, please see the section titled “Executive Compensation.”
We will record substantial stock-compensation expense for the Founder PSUs. The aggregate grant date fair value of the Founder PSUs is estimated to be approximately $66.3 million, which we estimate will be recognized as compensation expense over a number of years following the closing of this offering.
Because the Founder PSUs that become vested will be settled in shares of Class A common stock, a potentially large number of shares of Class A common stock will be issuable if the applicable vesting conditions are satisfied, which would dilute your ownership of us. In addition, we may expend substantial funds to satisfy tax withholding and remittance obligations related to the Founder PSUs if and when they become vested.
If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research about us or our business, publish projections for our business that exceed our actual results, or downgrade their recommendations regarding our Class A common stock, our stock price and trading volume could decline.
The trading market for our Class A common stock may be affected by the research and reports that securities or industry analysts publish about us or our business. We do not currently have, and may never obtain, research coverage by securities and industry analysts. If no securities or industry analysts commence coverage of our Company, the trading price for our Class A common stock and the trading volume could decline. In the event we obtain securities or industry analyst coverage, if one or more of the analysts who covers us downgrades our Class A common stock or publishes inaccurate or unfavorable research about our business, our stock price could decline. In addition, if we obtain analyst coverage, the analysts’ projections may have little or no relationship to the results we actually
 
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achieve and could cause our stock price to decline if we fail to meet their projections. If one or more of these analysts ceases coverage of us or fails to publish reports on us regularly, our stock price or trading volume could decline.
We have broad discretion over the use of the net proceeds from this offering and may not use them effectively.
Our management will have broad discretion over the application of a portion of the net proceeds from this offering and could spend such net proceeds in ways that do not improve our financial condition or results of operations, or enhance the value of our Class A common stock. The failure by our management to apply these funds effectively could result in financial losses and cause the price of our Class A common stock to decline. Pending their use, we may invest such net proceeds in a manner that does not produce income or that loses value.
Our certificate of incorporation will provide that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware and the federal district courts of the United States will be the exclusive forums for substantially all disputes between us and our stockholders, which could limit our stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers or employees.
Our certificate of incorporation will provide that, unless we consent in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware is the sole and exclusive forum for (i) any derivative action or proceeding brought on our behalf, (ii) any action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any of our directors, officers, employees or agents to us or our stockholders, (iii) any action asserting a claim arising pursuant to any provision of the Delaware General Corporation Law or of our certificate of incorporation or our by-laws or (iv) any action asserting a claim related to or involving the Company that is governed by the internal affairs doctrine; provided that this exclusive forum provision will not apply to suits brought to enforce any liability or duty created by the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), or the Exchange Act, or to any claim for which the federal district courts of the United States have exclusive jurisdiction. Our certificate of incorporation further provides that the federal district courts of the United States shall, to the fullest extent permitted by law, be the sole and exclusive forum for the resolution of any action, suit or proceeding asserting a cause of action arising under the Securities Act.
Although we believe this exclusive forum provision benefits us by providing increased consistency in the application of Delaware law and federal securities laws in the types of lawsuits to which each applies, the forum selection clauses in our certificate of incorporation may impose additional litigation costs on stockholders in pursuing any such claims, particularly if the stockholders do not reside in or near the State of Delaware. Additionally, the forum selection clauses in our certificate of incorporation may limit our stockholders’ ability to bring a claim in a forum that they find favorable for disputes with us or our directors, officers or employees, which may discourage such lawsuits against us and our directors, officers and employees even though an action, if successful, might benefit our stockholders. The Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware and the federal district courts of the United States may also reach different judgments or results than would other courts, including courts where a stockholder considering an action may be located or would otherwise choose to bring the action, and such judgments may be more or less favorable to us than our stockholders.
Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring any interest in shares of our capital stock will be deemed to have notice of and, to the fullest extent permitted by law, to have consented to the provisions of our certificate of incorporation described above. However, the enforceability of similar exclusive forum provisions (including exclusive federal forum provisions for actions, suits or proceedings asserting a cause of action arising under the Securities Act) in other companies’ organizational documents has been challenged in legal proceedings, and there is uncertainty as to whether courts would enforce the exclusive forum provisions in our certificate of incorporation. Additionally, our stockholders cannot waive compliance with the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations thereunder. If a court were to find the choice of forum provision contained in our certificate of incorporation to be inapplicable or unenforceable in an action, we may incur additional costs associated with resolving such action in other jurisdictions, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
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We may issue preferred securities, the terms of which could adversely affect the voting power or value of our common stock.
Our certificate of incorporation will authorize us to issue, without the approval of our stockholders, one or more classes or series of preferred securities having such designations, preferences, limitations and relative rights, including preferences over our common stock respecting dividends and distributions, as our board of directors may determine. The terms of one or more classes or series of preferred securities could adversely impact the voting power or value of our common stock. For example, we might grant holders of preferred securities the right to elect some number of our directors in all events or on the happening of specified events or the right to veto specified transactions. Similarly, the repurchase or redemption rights or liquidation preferences we might assign to holders of preferred securities could affect the residual value of the common stock.
The dual class structure of our common stock may adversely affect the trading market for our Class A common stock.
In July 2017, S&P Dow Jones and FTSE Russell announced changes to their eligibility criteria for the inclusion of shares of public companies on certain indices, including the Russell 2000, the S&P 500, the S&P MidCap 400 and the S&P SmallCap 600, to exclude companies with multiple classes of shares of common stock from being added to these indices. As a result, our dual class capital structure would make us ineligible for inclusion in any of these indices, and mutual funds, exchange-traded funds and other investment vehicles that attempt to passively track these indices will not be investing in our stock. Furthermore, we cannot assure you that other stock indices will not take a similar approach to S&P Dow Jones or FTSE Russell in the future. Exclusion from indices could make our Class A common stock less attractive to investors and, as a result, the market price of our Class A common stock could be adversely affected.
 
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CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This prospectus contains forward-looking statements, which involve risks and uncertainties. You should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements because they are subject to numerous uncertainties and factors relating to our operations and business, all of which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond our control. Forward-looking statements include information concerning our possible or assumed future results of operations, including descriptions of our business strategy. These forward-looking statements are generally identified by the use of forward-looking terminology, including the terms “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “target,” “will,” “would” and, in each case, their negative or other variations or comparable terminology and expressions. All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this prospectus, including statements regarding our strategies, future operations, future financial position, future revenue, projected costs, prospects, plans, objectives of management and expected market growth are forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements are contained principally in the sections entitled “Prospectus Summary,” “Risk Factors,” “Use of Proceeds,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Business” and include, among other things, statements relating to:

our strategies, outlook and growth prospects;

our operational and anticipated financial performance and dividend policy;

general economic trends and trends in the industry and markets; and

the competitive environment in which we operate.
These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other important factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Although we believe that the forward-looking statements contained in this prospectus are based on reasonable assumptions, you should be aware that many factors could affect our actual financial results or results of operations and could cause actual results to differ materially from those in such forward-looking statements, including but not limited to:

failure to add new members, retain existing members, increase CLEAR Plus memberships or increase the utilization of our platform;

failure to add new partners, retain existing partners or profit from partner relationships;

our inability to maintain the value and reputation of our brand;

failure to successfully compete against existing and future competitors, and the highly competitive market in which we operate;

risks associated with the increased adoption of new technological solutions and services, including third-party identity verification solutions and credential authentication solutions, at locations where we operate or may operate in the future;

public confidence in, and acceptance of, identity platforms and biometrics generally, and our platform specifically;

our inability to implement successful strategies to increase adoption of our platform or expand into new verticals;

the success of our new and relatively unproven Health Pass product;

risks associated with our commercial agreements and strategic alliances, as well as potential indemnification obligations, and certain of our agreements with third parties;

our business and results of operations’ partial dependence upon concessionaire agreements;

our ability to manage our growth or continue innovating;

risks associated with our growth and ability to develop and introduce platform features and offerings;
 
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risks associated with any decline or disruption in the travel industry or a general economic downturn;

our dependence on retaining and attracting high-quality personnel;

the ineffectiveness of our marketing efforts to grow our business;

risks associated with breaches of our information technology systems, protection of our intellectual property, technology and confidential information and failures by third-party technology and devices on which our business relies;

our reliance on third-party technology and information systems to help complete critical business functions and our ability to find alternatives if such third-party technology and information systems fail;

failure to adequately protect our intellectual property, technology and confidential information;

our ability to meet the standards set for our airport operations by governmental stakeholders;

our failure to comply with the constantly evolving laws and regulations that we are subject to or may become subject to;

limitations of the SAFETY Act’s liability protections; and

other risks, uncertainties and factors set forth in this prospectus, including those set forth under “Risk Factors.”
These forward-looking statements reflect our views with respect to future events as of the date of this prospectus and are based on assumptions and subject to risks, uncertainties and factors relating to our operations and business environment, all of which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond our control. Given these uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements represent our estimates and assumptions only as of the date of this prospectus and, except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or review publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise after the date of this prospectus. We anticipate that subsequent events and developments will cause our views to change. You should read this prospectus and the documents filed as exhibits to the registration statement, of which this prospectus is a part, completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. Our forward-looking statements do not reflect the potential impact of any future acquisitions, merger, dispositions, joint ventures or investments we may undertake. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.
 
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ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
Structure Prior to the Reorganization Transactions
We currently conduct our business through Alclear and its subsidiaries.
Prior to the commencement of the reorganization transactions, Alclear had limited liability company interests outstanding in the form of Class A units, Class B units and profit units.
The following diagram depicts Alclear’s organizational structure prior to the reorganization transactions. This chart is provided for illustrative purposes only and does not purport to represent all legal entities within Alclear’s organizational structure.
[MISSING IMAGE: tm2112714d4-fc_strucbw.jpg]
*
Includes certain of our current and former employees, members of management, service providers and members of the board of managers of Alclear.
Class A Units
Prior to the commencement of the reorganization transactions, Alclear had limited liability company interests outstanding in the form of Class A units. All Class A units were owned by the Founder Post-IPO Members.
Class B Units
Prior to the commencement of the reorganization transactions, Alclear also had limited liability company interests outstanding in the form of Class B units. Class B units were owned by our other pre-IPO investors, including certain strategic alliance partners.
Class C Units
Prior to the commencement of the reorganization transactions, Class C Units were issuable upon vesting of restricted stock units that were granted under Alclear’s management incentive plan. There were no Class C Units outstanding. See “Executive Compensation—Narrative Disclosure to Summary Compensation Table” and “—Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year End.”
 
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Profit Units
Profit units were non-voting profit-sharing interests issued by Alclear in one or more additional classes of Alclear’s units, including pursuant to Alclear’s management incentive plan. Prior to the commencement of the reorganization transactions, profit units were owned by certain current and former employees, members of management, service providers and members of the board of managers of Alclear.
The Reorganization Transactions
Subsequent to March 31, 2021 and prior to the completion of this offering and the reorganization transactions, we will consummate an internal reorganization, which we refer to as the “reorganization transactions.” In connection with the reorganization transactions, the following steps will occur:

Alclear will make a distribution to certain CLEAR Pre-IPO Members for the purpose of funding their tax obligations for periods prior to the pricing of this offering;

we will become the sole managing member of Alclear;

warrants of Alclear exercisable prior to this offering will, subject to their terms, to the extent not exercised by the holders thereof at their discretion, automatically be exercised for Class B units of Alclear;

we will amend and restate Alclear’s amended and restated operating agreement and provide that, among other things, all of Alclear’s outstanding equity interests, including its Class A units, Class B units and profit units, will be reclassified into Alclear Units. The number of Alclear Units to be issued to each member of Alclear will be determined based on a hypothetical liquidation of Alclear and the initial public offering price per share of our Class A common stock in this offering, as well as a unit split to optimize the Company’s capital structure to facilitate this offering;

we will amend and restate our certificate of incorporation and will be authorized to issue four classes of common stock: Class A common stock, Class B common stock, Class C common stock and Class D common stock. The Class A common stock and Class C common stock will each provide holders with one vote per share on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders, and the Class B common stock and Class D common stock will each provide holders with 20 votes per share on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders. The holders of Class C common stock and Class D common stock will not have any of the economic rights (including rights to dividends and distributions upon liquidation) provided to holders of Class A common stock and Class B common stock. These attributes are summarized in the following table:
Class of Common Stock
Votes
Economic Rights
Class A common stock
1 Yes
Class B common stock
20 Yes
Class C common stock
1 No
Class D common stock
20 No
Shares of our common stock will generally vote together as a single class on all matters submitted to a vote of our stockholders;

certain other warrants of Alclear are not exercisable at or prior to this offering and, upon completion of this offering, will either, in accordance with their terms, (i) be exchanged for new warrants representing the right to receive Class A common stock or (ii) remain at Alclear and continue to be exercisable for Alclear Units in accordance with their terms;

Founder Post-IPO Members will contribute a portion of their Alclear Units to us in exchange for Class B common stock;

certain CLEAR Pre-IPO Members will contribute their Alclear Units to us in exchange for Class A common stock;
 
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outstanding RSUs in Alclear will be substituted with restricted stock units representing the right to receive our Class A common stock following the applicable vesting date;

we will form subsidiaries that will merge with and into the Blocker Corporations in which certain Blocker Stockholder hold interests, and the surviving entities will then merge with and into us. As consideration for the Mergers, we will issue to the Blocker Stockholder shares of our Class A common stock. The number of shares of Class A common stock to be issued to the Blocker Post-IPO Stockholders will be based on the number of Alclear Units that we acquire;

the CLEAR Post-IPO Members will subscribe for and purchase shares of our common stock as follows, in each case at a purchase price of $0.00001 per share and in an amount equal to the number of Alclear Units held by each such CLEAR Post-IPO Member:

Alclear Investments will purchase             shares of our Class D common stock;

Alclear Investments II will purchase            shares of our Class D common stock; and

the other CLEAR Post-IPO Members will purchase an aggregate of            shares of our Class C common stock; and

subject to certain restrictions, the Founder Post-IPO Members will be granted the right to exchange its Alclear Units, together with a corresponding number of shares of our Class D common stock, for, at our option, (i) shares of our Class B common stock or (ii) cash from a substantially concurrent public offering or private sale of Class A common stock (based on the market price of our Class A common stock in such public offering or private sale), and the other CLEAR Post-IPO Members will be granted the right to exchange their Alclear Units, together with a corresponding number of shares of our Class C common stock, for, at our option, (i) shares of our Class A common stock or (ii) cash from a substantially concurrent public offering or private sale of Class A common stock (based on the market price of our Class A common stock in such public offering or private sale). Each share of our Class B common stock and Class D common stock is convertible at any time, at the option of the holder, into one share of Class A common stock or Class C common stock, respectively. Furthermore, each share of our Class B common stock will automatically convert into one share of Class A common stock and each share of our Class D common stock will automatically convert into one share of our Class C common stock upon the occurrence of certain events as described in "Description of Capital Stock—Common Stock—Conversion, Transferability and Exchange."
We have not engaged in any business or other activities except in connection with the reorganization transactions and have no material assets. Following this offering, Alclear and its subsidiaries will continue to operate the historical business of our Company.
Effect of the Reorganization Transactions and this Offering
The reorganization transactions are intended to create a holding company that will facilitate public ownership of, and investment in, our Company and are structured in a tax-efficient manner for our investors. Because we will manage and operate the business and control the strategic decisions and day-to-day operations of Alclear, as its sole managing member, and will also have a substantial financial interest in Alclear, we will consolidate the financial results of Alclear, and a portion of our net income (loss) will be allocated to the non-controlling interest to reflect the entitlement of the CLEAR Post-IPO Members to a portion of Alclear’s net income (loss). In addition, because Alclear will be under common control before and after the reorganization transactions, we will account for the reorganization transactions as a reorganization of entities under common control and will initially measure the interests of the CLEAR Pre-IPO Members in the assets and liabilities of Alclear at their carrying amounts as of the date of the completion of this reorganization transactions.
Our post-offering organizational structure is commonly referred to as an umbrella partnership-C-corporation (“UP-C”) structure. This organizational structure will allow the CLEAR Post-IPO Members to retain their equity ownership in Alclear, an entity that is classified as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes, in the form of Alclear Units. Investors in this offering and the Investor Post-IPO
 
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Stockholders will, by contrast, hold their equity ownership in Clear Secure, Inc., a Delaware corporation that is a domestic corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes, in the form of shares of Class A common stock. One of the benefits of the UP-C structure is that future taxable income of Alclear that is allocated to our CLEAR Post-IPO Members will be taxed on a flow-through basis and therefore will not be subject to corporate taxes at the entity level. Additionally, because our CLEAR Post-IPO Members may exchange their Alclear Units for shares of our Class A common stock or Class B common stock, our UP-C structure provides our CLEAR Post-IPO Members with potential liquidity that holders of non-publicly traded limited liability companies are not typically afforded. CLEAR Post-IPO Members will continue to hold their ownership interests in Alclear until such time in the future as they may elect to exchange their Alclear Units and corresponding shares of our Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as applicable, with Alclear for, at our option (as managing member of Alclear), subject to customary conversion rate adjustments for stock splits, stock dividends and reclassifications, (i) shares of our Class A common stock or Class B common stock, as applicable, on a one-for-one basis or (ii) cash from a substantially concurrent public offering or private sale of Class A common stock (based on the market price of our Class A common stock in such public offering or private sale), or otherwise dispose of their interests in Alclear. Another benefit of the structure is that these exchanges are expected to produce favorable tax attributes. These tax attributes would not be available to us in the absence of those transactions. In connection with the reorganization transactions, we will enter into a tax receivable agreement that will obligate us to make payments to the CLEAR Post-IPO Members generally equal to 85% of the applicable cash savings that we actually realize as a result of these tax attributes and tax attributes resulting from payments made under the tax receivable agreement. We will retain the benefit of the remaining 15% of these tax savings. See Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions—Tax Receivable Agreement.” Although the UP-C structure is more complex than other organization structures, we believe that the benefits of the UP-C structure outweigh any detriment from the additional complexity.
After the completion of this offering, we intend to contribute the net proceeds from this offering to Alclear in exchange for a number of Alclear Units equal to the contribution amount divided by the price paid by the underwriters for shares of our Class A common stock in this offering (           Alclear Units at the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus or, if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full,           Alclear Units), and we intend to cause Alclear to use such contributed amount to pay offering expenses and for general corporate purposes.
We estimate that the offering expenses (other than the underwriting discounts and commissions) will be approximately $      million. All of such offering expenses will be paid for or otherwise borne by Alclear.
See “Use of Proceeds.”
The following diagram depicts our organizational structure following the reorganization transactions, this offering and the application of the net proceeds from this offering, including all of the transactions described above (assuming an initial public offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus) and no exercise of the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares). This chart is provided for illustrative purposes only and does not purport to represent all legal entities within our organizational structure:
 
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[MISSING IMAGE: tm2112714d9-fc_confibw.jpg]
(1)
Includes           unvested Alclear Units and corresponding shares of Class C common stock.
(2)
Includes           unvested Alclear Units and corresponding shares of Class D common stock.
(3)
Represents economic interest in Clear Secure, Inc. and not Alclear Holdings, LLC.
(4)
Classified as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
(5)
Classified as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
(6)
The Investor Post-IPO Stockholders include the Blocker Post-IPO Stockholders.
Based on an assumed initial public offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus), upon completion of the transactions described above, this offering and the application of the net proceeds from this offering:

we will be appointed as the sole managing member of Alclear and will directly or indirectly hold                 Alclear Units, constituting    % of the outstanding equity interests in Alclear (or                 Alclear Units, constituting    % of the outstanding equity interests in Alclear if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full and giving effect to the use of the net proceeds therefrom);

Alclear Investments will hold an aggregate of                 shares of our Class B common stock,                 shares of our Class D common stock and                 Alclear Units, constituting    % of the outstanding equity interests in Alclear (or constituting    % of the outstanding equity interests in Alclear, if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full and giving effect to the use of the net proceeds therefrom), and collectively representing    % of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock (or    % if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full and giving effect to the use of the net proceeds therefrom);
 
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Alclear Investments II will hold an aggregate of             shares of our Class B common stock,             shares of our Class D common stock and             Alclear Units, constituting      % of the outstanding equity interests in Alclear (or constituting       % of the outstanding equity interests in Alclear, if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full and giving effect to the use of the net proceeds therefrom), and collectively representing    % of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock (or     % if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full and giving effect to the use of the net proceeds therefrom);

the CLEAR Post-IPO Members other than the Founder Post-IPO Members will hold an aggregate of                 shares of our Class C common stock and                 Alclear Units, representing    % of the outstanding equity interests in Alclear (or representing    % of the outstanding equity interests in Alclear, if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full and giving effect to the use of the net proceeds therefrom), and collectively representing    % of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock (or    % if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full and giving effect to the use of the net proceeds therefrom);

the Investor Post-IPO Stockholders will collectively hold an aggregate of                 shares of our Class A common stock, representing    % of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock (or    % if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full and giving effect to the use of the net proceeds therefrom); and

our public stockholders will collectively hold                 shares of our Class A common stock, representing    % of the combined voting power of our outstanding shares of common stock (or                 shares and    %, respectively, if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full and giving effect to the use of the net proceeds therefrom).
The following table sets forth the percentage of economic and voting interests of each class of investors in Clear Secure, Inc. as a result of the reorganization transactions and this offering based on an assumed initial public offering price of $    per share (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus) and assuming the underwriters do not exercise their option to purchase additional shares in this offering from us:
Class of Common Stock
Economic Interest
(%)
Voting Power
(%)
Class A common stock*
Class B common stock
Class C common stock
0%
Class D common stock
0%
*
Includes investors in this offering, which will have an approximately   % of the economic interest and approximately   % of the voting power in Clear Secure, Inc. following the reorganization transactions and this offering.
Holding Company Structure and Tax Receivable Agreement
We are a holding company, and immediately after the consummation of the reorganization transactions and this offering our principal asset will be our ownership interests in Alclear, which we will hold directly and indirectly. The number of Alclear Units we will own, directly or indirectly, at any time will equal the aggregate number of outstanding shares of our Class A common stock and Class B common stock. The economic interest represented by each Alclear Unit that we own will correspond to one share of our Class A common stock or Class B common stock, and the total number of Alclear Units owned directly or indirectly by us and the holders of our Class C common stock and Class D common stock at any given time will equal the sum of the outstanding shares of all classes of our common stock. Shares of our Class C common stock and Class D common stock cannot be transferred except in connection with a transfer or exchange of Alclear Units.
 
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We do not intend to list our Class B common stock, Class C common stock or Class D common stock on any stock exchange.
Future exchanges by the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or other assignees) of Alclear Units and corresponding shares of Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as the case may be, for shares of our Class A common stock or Class B common stock, respectively, and purchases of Alclear Units and corresponding shares of Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as the case may be, from CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or other assignees) are expected to produce favorable tax attributes. These tax attributes would not be available to us in the absence of those transactions.
We intend to enter into a tax receivable agreement with the CLEAR Post-IPO Members that will provide for the payment by us to the CLEAR Post-IPO Members of 85% of the amount of cash savings, if any, in U.S. federal, state and local income tax or franchise tax that we actually realize (computed using simplifying assumptions to address the impact of state and local taxes) as a result of (i) any increase in tax basis in Alclear’s assets resulting from (a) exchanges by the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or other assignees) of Alclear Units (along with the corresponding shares of our Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as applicable) for shares of our Class A common stock or Class B common stock, as applicable, and purchases of Alclear Units and corresponding shares of Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as the case may be, from CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or other assignees) or (b) payments under the tax receivable agreement, and (ii) tax benefits related to imputed interest deemed arising as a result of payments made under the tax receivable agreement.
Payments under the tax receivable agreement will be based on the tax reporting positions that we determine, and the IRS or another tax authority may challenge all or part of the tax basis increases or other tax benefits we claim, as well as other related tax positions we take, and a court could sustain such challenge. Although we are not aware of any issue that would cause the IRS to challenge the tax basis increases or other benefits arising under the tax receivable agreement, if the outcome of any such challenge would reasonably be expected to materially affect a recipient’s payments under the tax receivable agreement, then we will not be permitted to settle such challenge without the consent (not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed) of the CLEAR Post-IPO Members. The interests of the CLEAR Post-IPO Members in any such challenge may differ from or conflict with our interests and your interests, and the CLEAR Post-IPO Members may exercise their consent rights relating to any such challenge in a manner adverse to our interests and your interests. We will not be reimbursed for any cash payments previously made to the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or assignees) under the tax receivable agreement in the event that any tax benefits initially claimed by us and for which payment has been made to the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or assignees) are subsequently challenged by a taxing authority and are ultimately disallowed. Instead, any excess cash payments made by us to the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or assignees) will be netted against any future cash payments that we might otherwise be required to make to the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or assignees) under the terms of the tax receivable agreement. However, we might not determine that we have effectively made an excess cash payment to the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or its transferee or assignee) for a number of years following the initial time of such payment and, if any of our tax reporting positions are challenged by a taxing authority, we will not be permitted to reduce any future cash payments under the tax receivable agreement until any such challenge is finally settled or determined. Moreover, the excess cash payments we previously made under the tax receivable agreement could be greater than the amount of future cash payments against which we would otherwise be permitted to net such excess. As a result, payments could be made under the tax receivable agreement significantly in excess of any tax savings that we realize in respect of the tax attributes with respect to the CLEAR Post-IPO Members (or their transferees or assignees) that are the subject of the tax receivable agreement. See “Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Organization and Structure—We will be required to pay the CLEAR Post-IPO Members for certain tax benefits we may claim, and the amounts we may pay could be significant” and “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions—Tax Receivable Agreement.”
 
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USE OF PROCEEDS
We estimate that our net proceeds from this offering will be approximately $      million, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions, based on an assumed initial offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus) and assuming the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares is not exercised. If the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full, we expect to receive approximately $      million of net proceeds, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions, based on an assumed initial offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus).
A $1.00 increase (decrease) in the assumed initial public offering price of $      per share would increase (decrease) the amount of net proceeds to us from this offering by $      million, assuming the number of shares offered by us, as set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, remains the same, and after deducting the estimated underwriting discounts and commissions.
We intend to contribute the net proceeds from this offering to Alclear in exchange for a number of Alclear Units equal to the contribution amount divided by the price paid by the underwriters for shares of our Class A common stock in this offering (                 Alclear Units at the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus or, if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full,                 Alclear Units), and to cause Alclear to use such contributed amount to pay offering expenses and for general corporate purposes.
We estimate that the offering expenses (other than the underwriting discounts and commissions) will be approximately $      million. All of such offering expenses will be paid for or otherwise borne by Alclear.
We have broad discretion as to the application of such net proceeds to be used for general corporate purposes. Although we do not have any commitments or agreements to enter into any acquisitions or investments with any specific targets at this time, we may use such net proceeds to finance growth through the acquisition of, or investment in, businesses, products, services or technologies that are complementary to our current business, through mergers, acquisitions or other strategic transactions. Prior to application, we may hold any such net proceeds in cash or invest them in short-term securities or investments. You will not have an opportunity to evaluate the economic, financial or other information on which we base our decisions regarding the use of these proceeds.
 
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DIVIDEND POLICY
We have no current plans to pay dividends on our Class A common stock in the foreseeable future. Any future determination to pay dividends will be made at the discretion of our board of directors, subject to applicable laws, and will depend on a number of factors, including our financial condition, earnings, results of operations, capital requirements, contractual, legal, tax and regulatory restrictions, general business conditions, restrictions in our Credit Agreement, including those that limit our ability to pay dividends to stockholders, and other factors that our board of directors may deem relevant.
We are a holding company and will have no material assets other than our ownership of Alclear Units. Our ability to pay cash dividends will depend on the payment of distributions by our current and future subsidiaries, and such distributions may be restricted as a result of regulatory restrictions, state law regarding distributions by a company to its equityholders or contractual agreements, including their current debt agreements and any future agreements governing their indebtedness. See “Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Organization and Structure—We are a holding company and our principal asset after completion of this offering will be our equity interests in Alclear, and accordingly we are dependent upon distributions from Alclear to pay taxes and other expenses” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Liquidity and Capital Resources.”
 
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CAPITALIZATION
The following table sets forth our cash and cash equivalents and capitalization as of March 31, 2021, on:

an actual basis;

a pro forma basis to reflect the reorganization transactions described under “Organizational Structure;” and

an as-adjusted basis to give effect to this offering and the application of the net proceeds of this offering as described under “Use of Proceeds.”
This table should be read in conjunction with “Use of Proceeds,” “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Consolidated Financial Information” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the consolidated financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this prospectus.
As of March 31, 2021
(in thousands)
Actual
Pro Forma(1)
Pro Forma
As Adjusted(1)
Cash and cash equivalents
$ 175,730
Total long-term indebtedness
$ 3,667
Total redeemable capital units
$ 650,660
Equity:
Profit units
$ 8,117
Total accumulated deficit
$ (519,148)
Class A common stock, par value $0.00001 per share; no shares authorized, issued and outstanding,          actual;          shares authorized,          shares issued and outstanding (pro forma);          shares          authorized,          shares issued and outstanding (pro forma as adjusted)
Class B common stock, par value $0.00001 per share; no shares authorized, issued and outstanding,          actual;          shares authorized,          shares issued and outstanding (pro forma);          shares authorized,          shares issued and outstanding (pro forma as adjusted)
Class C common stock, par value $0.00001 per share; no shares authorized, issued and outstanding, actual;          shares authorized,          issued and outstanding (pro forma);          shares          authorized,          issued and outstanding (pro forma as adjusted)
Class D common stock, par value $0.00001 per share; no
shares authorized, issued and outstanding,         
actual;          shares authorized,          issued and
outstanding (pro forma);          shares         
authorized,          issued and outstanding (pro forma
as adjusted)
Additional paid-in-capital
Net parent investment
Retained earnings
Accumulated other comprehensive income
$ 52
Non-controlling interest
Total equity
$ (510,979)
Total capitalization
$ 143,348                 
(1)
A $1.00 increase (decrease) in the assumed initial public offering price of $      per share would increase (decrease) each of additional paid-in capital, total equity and total capitalization by $      million, assuming the number of shares offered by us, as set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, remains the same and after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us.
 
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DILUTION
If you invest in our Class A common stock, you will experience dilution to the extent of the difference between the initial public offering price per share of our Class A common stock and the pro forma net tangible book value per share of our Class A common stock. Dilution results from the fact that the initial public offering price per share of the Class A common stock is substantially in excess of the book value per share attributable to the Class A common stock held by existing equityholders (including all shares issuable upon exchange and/or conversion).
Our pro forma net tangible book value as of March 31, 2021 would have been approximately $      million, or $(           ) per share of our common stock. Pro forma net tangible book value represents the amount of total tangible assets less total liabilities, and pro forma net tangible book value per share represents pro forma net tangible book value divided by the number of shares of common stock outstanding, in each case after giving effect to the reorganization transactions (based on an assumed initial public offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus)) and the estimated impact of the tax receivable agreement, assuming that the CLEAR Post-IPO Members exchange all of their Alclear Units and corresponding shares of our Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as applicable, for newly-issued shares of our Class A common stock or Class B common stock, as applicable, on a one-for-one basis.
After giving effect to the reorganization transactions and the estimated impact of the tax receivable agreement, assuming that the CLEAR Post-IPO Members exchange all of their Alclear Units and corresponding shares of our Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as applicable, for newly-issued shares of our Class A common stock or Class B common stock, as applicable, on a one-for-one basis, and after giving further effect to the sale of                 shares of Class A common stock in this offering at the assumed initial public offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated price range on the cover page of this prospectus) and the application of the net proceeds from this offering, our pro forma as adjusted net tangible book value would have been approximately $      million, or $(           ) per share, representing an immediate increase in net tangible book value of $      per share to existing equityholders and an immediate dilution in net tangible book value of $      per share to new investors.
The following table illustrates the per share dilution:
Assumed initial public offering price per share
$
Pro forma net tangible book value per share as of March 31, 2021(1)
$ (     )
Increase in pro forma net tangible book value per share attributable to new
investors
Pro forma adjusted net tangible book value per share after this offering(2)
(     )
Dilution in pro forma net tangible book value per share to new investors
$
(1)
Reflects                 outstanding shares of Class A common stock and Class B common stock, including (i)                 shares of Class B common stock issuable upon the exchange of the Alclear Units and                 shares of Class D common stock each to be held by the Founder Post-IPO Members immediately after to this offering, (ii)                 shares of Class A common stock to be held by the Blocker Post-IPO Stockholders immediately after to this offering and (iii)                 shares of Class A common stock issuable upon the exchange of the Alclear Units and shares of Class C common stock each to be held by the CLEAR Post-IPO Members immediately after to this offering.
(2)
Reflects                 outstanding shares, consisting of (i)                 shares of Class A common stock to be issued in this offering and (ii) the                 outstanding shares described in note (1) above.
Dilution is determined by subtracting pro forma net tangible book value per share after this offering from the initial public offering price per share of Class A common stock.
A $1.00 increase (decrease) in the assumed initial public offering price of $      per share would increase (decrease) our pro forma net tangible book value after this offering by $      million and the dilution per share to new investors by $      , in each case assuming the number of shares offered,
 
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as set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, remains the same and after deducting the estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us.
The following table sets forth, on a pro forma basis as of March 31, 2021, the number of shares of Class A common stock and Class B common stock purchased from us, the total consideration paid to us and the average price per share paid by the existing equityholders and by new investors purchasing shares in this offering, at the assumed initial public offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated price range on the cover page of this prospectus), after deducting the estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us and after giving effect to the reorganization transactions and the estimated impact of the tax receivable agreement, assuming that the CLEAR Post-IPO Members exchange all of their Alclear Units and corresponding shares of our Class C common stock or Class D common stock, as applicable, for newly-issued shares of our Class A common stock or Class B common stock, as applicable, on a one-for-one basis, and after giving further effect to this offering and the application of the net proceeds from this offering:
Shares of Class A and Class B
Common Stock Purchased
Total Consideration
Average Price
Number
Percent
Amount
Percent
Per Share
Existing stockholders(1)
    % $ % $
New investors(2)
                 
Total
100% $ 100%
(1)
Reflects approximately $      million of consideration paid by existing equityholders in respect of shares of Class A common stock, Class B common stock and Alclear Units (together with corresponding shares of Class C common stock and Class D common stock).
(2)
Includes                 shares of Class A common stock to be sold in this offering, the net proceeds of which we intend to use to make a contribution to Alclear in exchange for Alclear Units, as described under “Use of Proceeds.”
To the extent the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares is exercised, there will be further dilution to new investors. If the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full in this offering, the pro forma net tangible book value after the offering would be $      per share, the increase in pro forma net tangible book value per share to existing stockholders would be $      and the dilution per share to new investors would be $      per share, in each case assuming an initial public offering price of $      per share (the midpoint of the estimated price range on the cover page of this prospectus).
A $1.00 increase (decrease) in the assumed initial public offering price of $      per share of Class A common stock (the midpoint of the estimated public offering price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus) would increase (decrease) total consideration paid by new investors in this offering by $      million and would increase (decrease) the average price per share paid by new investors by $1.00, assuming the number of shares offered, as set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, remains the same and after deducting the estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us.
We may choose to raise additional capital due to market conditions or strategic considerations even if we believe we have sufficient funds for our current or future operating plans. To the extent additional capital is raised through the sale of equity or convertible debt securities, the issuance of these securities could result in further dilution to our stockholders.