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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 10-K

(Mark One)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2021

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Transition Period From to

Commission File Number 001-13357

Royal Gold, Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

Delaware
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)

84-0835164
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

1144 15th Street, Suite 2500

Denver, Colorado
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

80202
(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (303573-1660

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class

Trading Symbol

Name of the Exchange on which Registered

Common Stock, $0.01 par value

RGLD

Nasdaq Global Select Market

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer 

Accelerated filer 

Non-accelerated filer 

Smaller reporting company 

Emerging growth company 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No 

The aggregate market value of Royal Gold common stock held by non-affiliates, based on the closing sale price of the common stock on December 31, 2020, was $7.0 billion.

There were 65,607,112 shares of Royal Gold common stock outstanding as of August 5, 2021.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Certain information required by Items 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14 of Part III of Form 10-K is incorporated by reference from portions of Royal Gold’s definitive proxy statement relating to its 2021 annual meeting of stockholders to be filed within 120 days after June 30, 2021.

Table of Contents

INDEX

PAGE

PART I.

ITEM 1.

Business

2

ITEM 1A.

Risk Factors

8

ITEM 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

17

ITEM 2.

Properties

17

ITEM 3.

Legal Proceedings

28

ITEM 4.

Mine Safety Disclosure

28

PART II.

ITEM 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

28

ITEM 6.

Reserved

29

ITEM 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

29

ITEM 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

41

ITEM 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

42

ITEM 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

74

ITEM 9A.

Controls and Procedures

74

ITEM 9B.

Other Information

75

PART III.

ITEM 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

76

ITEM 11.

Executive Compensation

76

ITEM 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

76

ITEM 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

76

ITEM 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

76

PART IV.

ITEM 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

76

ITEM 16

Form 10-K Summary

80

SIGNATURES

81

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This report contains and incorporates by reference “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of U.S. federal securities laws. Forward-looking statements are made based on management’s current expectations and beliefs concerning future developments. Actual results may differ, possibly materially, from forward-looking statements due to various factors. For a discussion of some of these factors, see Item 1A, Risk Factors, and Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”), of this report.

Royal Gold does not own, develop, or mine the properties on which it holds stream or royalty interests. Certain information provided in this report about operating properties in which we hold interests, including information about reserves, historical production, production estimates, property descriptions, and property developments, was provided to us by the operators of those properties or is publicly available information filed by these operators with applicable securities regulatory bodies, including the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Royal Gold has not verified, and is not in a position to verify, and expressly disclaims any responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or fairness of, this third-party information and refers the reader to the public reports filed by the operators for information regarding those properties.

Unless the context otherwise requires, references to “Royal Gold,” the “Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to Royal Gold, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries

PART I

ITEM 1.  BUSINESS

Overview

We acquire and manage precious metal streams, royalties, and similar interests. We seek to acquire existing stream and royalty interests or to finance projects that are in production or in the development stage in exchange for stream or royalty interests. We do not conduct mining operations on the properties in which we hold stream and royalty interests and are not required to contribute to capital costs, environmental costs, or other operating costs on the properties. Please refer to Item 2, Properties, for a discussion of the developments at our principal properties.

In the ordinary course of business, we engage in a continual review of opportunities to acquire existing stream and royalty interests, to establish new stream and royalty interests on operating mines, to create new stream and royalty interests through the financing of mine development or exploration, or to acquire companies that hold stream and royalty interests. We currently, and generally at any time, have acquisition opportunities in various stages of active review, including, for example, our engagement of consultants and advisors to analyze particular opportunities, our analysis of technical, financial, legal and other confidential information of particular opportunities, submission of indications of interest and term sheets, participation in preliminary discussions and negotiations and involvement as a bidder in competitive processes.

As discussed in further detail throughout this report, some key takeaways and developments for our business since the beginning of fiscal year 2021 were as follows:

We had record revenue of $615.9 million during fiscal year 2021, compared to $498.8 million during fiscal year 2020. This was a 23% increase year over year.

We increased our calendar year dividend to $1.20 per basic share, which is paid in quarterly installments throughout calendar year 2021. This represents a 7% increase compared with the dividend paid during calendar year 2020.

On September 30, 2020, we announced we had entered into an agreement with Kinross Gold Corporation to sell our interest in the Manh Choh Project (formerly known as the Peak Gold Project) and our common share position in Contango Ore, Inc., our partner in Peak Gold, LLC, the owner of the Manh Choh Project. Consideration received for the sale of these interests included cash of $61.3 million and certain net smelter return royalties.

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On October 1, 2020, we announced the separation of the Wassa and Prestea and Bogoso gold stream agreement into separate stream agreements effective September 30, 2020. For more information, see Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

On January 6, 2021, we made the sixth advance payment of $32.6 million toward the Khoemacau Project silver stream. With this payment, we have completed the total $212 million advance payment required to earn the base silver stream of 80% of payable silver from Khoemacau until the delivery of 32.0 million ounces, and 40% thereafter. A seventh advance payment of $10.6 million was made toward the option silver stream on April 7, 2021, and as of that date, we hold the right to purchase 84% of the payable silver from Khoemacau until the delivery of approximately 33.6 million ounces of silver, and 42% thereafter.

On June 7, 2021, we acquired a 1.0% net smelter return royalty on production from mining claims that comprise a portion of the Côté Gold open pit project located in Ontario, Canada from a third-party for $75 million in cash consideration.

On June 30, 2021, we announced we had entered into a precious metals purchase agreement with Ero Gold Corp, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Ero Copper Corp. (together “Ero”), to acquire a gold stream interest in their NX Gold mine in Brazil for $100 million in cash consideration, with further payments of up to $10 million in cash depending on defined success-based targets. This transaction closed on August 6, 2021.

On August 9, 2021, our board of directors approved a change in our fiscal year end from June 30 to December 31 effective as of December 31, 2021. As a result, we expect to file a Transitional Report on Form 10-KT in early 2022 for the six-month stub period from July 1, 2021, to December 31, 2021.

On August 11, 2021, we acquired a 1.0% net smelter return royalty covering approximately 5,100 hectares which include the currently known mineralization and prospective exploration areas of the Red Chris Mine in British Columbia, Canada. We paid $165 million in cash consideration for the royalty to Glencore Canada Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Glencore International AG. The Red Chris Mine is an operating open pit mine producing gold, copper and silver, and is located on the northern edge of the Skeena Mountains.
Throughout fiscal year 2021, several of our operating counterparties instituted temporary operational curtailments due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, the pandemic and resulting economic and societal impacts have made it difficult for operators to forecast expected production amounts and, at times, operators have had to withdraw or revise previously disclosed guidance. For the most part, our results of operations and financial condition were not materially impacted by these measures. However, the effects of the pandemic will ultimately depend on many factors that are outside of our control, including the severity and duration of the pandemic, including the emergence of variant strains of the virus, government and operator actions in response to the pandemic, and the development, availability, and public acceptance of effective treatments and vaccines. As a result, we are currently unable to predict the nature or extent of any future impact on our results of operations and financial condition. We continue to monitor the impact of developments associated with the pandemic on stream and royalty interests as part of our regular asset impairment analysis.

Certain Definitions

Dollar or “$”: Refers to U.S. dollars. We refer to Canadian dollars as C$.

Gold equivalent ounces (GEOs): GEOs are calculated as Royal Gold’s revenue divided by the average gold price for the period.

Gross smelter return (GSR) royalty: A defined percentage of the gross revenue from a resource extraction operation, less, if applicable, certain contract-defined costs paid by or charged to the operator.

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Metal stream: A purchase agreement that provides, in exchange for an upfront deposit payment, the right to purchase all or a portion of one or more metals produced from a mine, at a price determined for the life of the transaction by the purchase agreement.

Mineralized material: That part of a mineral system that has potential economic significance, but is not included in the proven and probable reserve estimates until further drilling and metallurgical work is completed, and until other economic and technical feasibility factors based on such work have been resolved.

Net smelter return (NSR) royalty: A defined percentage of the gross revenue from a resource extraction operation less a proportionate share of incidental transportation, insurance, refining and smelting costs.

Net value royalty (NVR): A defined percentage of the gross revenue from a resource extraction operation less certain contract-defined costs.

Probable reserves: Reserves for which quantity and grade and/or quality are computed from information similar to that used for proven reserves, but the sites for inspection, sampling and measurement are farther apart or are otherwise less adequately spaced. The degree of assurance, although lower than that for proven reserves, is high enough to assume continuity between points of observation.

Proven reserves: Reserves for which (a) quantity is computed from dimensions revealed in outcrops, trenches, workings or drill holes, grade and/or quality are computed from the results of detailed sampling, and (b) the sites for inspection, sampling and measurement are spaced so closely and the geologic character is so well defined that size, shape, depth and mineral content of reserves are well established.

Payable metal: Ounces or pounds of metal in concentrate after deduction of a percentage of metal in concentrate by a third-party smelter pursuant to smelting contracts.

Reserve: That part of a mineral deposit that could be economically and legally extracted or produced at the time of the reserve determination.

Royalty: The right to receive a percentage or other denomination of mineral production from a mining operation.

Ton: A unit of weight equal to 2,000 pounds or 907.2 kilograms.

Tonne: A unit of weight equal to 2,204.6 pounds or 1,000 kilograms.

Our Operational Information

We manage our business under two segments:

Acquisition and Management of Stream Interests—A metal stream is a purchase agreement that provides, in exchange for an upfront deposit payment, the right to purchase all or a portion of one or more metals produced from a mine, at a price determined for the life of the transaction by the purchase agreement. As of June 30, 2021, we owned eight stream interests, which are on six producing properties and two development stage properties. Our stream interests accounted for approximately 69% and 72% of our total revenue for each of the fiscal years ended June 30, 2021, and 2020, respectively. We expect stream interests to represent a significant portion of our total revenue.
Acquisition and Management of Royalty Interests—Royalties are non-operating interests in mining projects that provide the right to a percentage of revenue or metals produced from the project after deducting specified costs, if any. As of June 30, 2021, we owned royalty interests on 35 producing properties, 15 development stage properties and 129 exploration stage properties, of which we consider 50 to be evaluation stage projects. We use “evaluation stage” to describe exploration stage properties that contain mineralized material and on which

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operators are engaged in the search for reserves. Royalties accounted for approximately 31% and 28% of our total revenue for each of the fiscal years ended June 30, 2021, and 2020, respectively.

Our long-lived assets (stream and royalty interests, net) are geographically distributed as shown in the following table (amounts are in thousands):

As of June 30, 2021

As of June 30, 2020

Total stream

Total stream

Stream

Royalty

and royalty

Stream

Royalty

and royalty

  

interest

  

interest

  

interests, net

  

interest

  

interest

  

interests, net

Canada

$

624,212

$

252,547

$

876,759

$

702,732

$

189,855

$

892,587

Dominican Republic

366,698

366,698

406,469

406,469

Chile

256,604

224,116

480,720

277,661

223,922

501,583

Africa

291,112

321

291,433

215,463

321

215,784

Mexico

66,867

66,867

75,951

75,951

United States

112,817

112,817

159,445

159,445

Australia

28,117

28,117

30,006

30,006

Rest of world

12,038

26,709

38,747

12,038

25,050

37,088

Total

$

1,550,664

$

711,494

$

2,262,158

$

1,614,363

$

704,550

$

2,318,913

Our reportable segments for purposes of assessing performance for our fiscal years ended June 30, 2021, and 2020 are shown below (amounts are in thousands):

Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2021

    

Revenue

    

Cost of sales(1)

    

Production taxes

    

Depletion(2)

    

Segment gross profit(3)

Stream interests

Canada

$

190,537

$

40,121

$

$

78,520

$

71,896

Dominican Republic

115,583

33,453

39,771

42,359

Chile

82,164

12,048

21,057

49,059

Africa

35,705

7,276

11,246

17,183

Total stream interests

423,989

92,898

150,594

180,497

Royalty interests

United States

$

68,611

$

$

3,482

$

5,938

$

59,191

Mexico

58,212

9,084

49,128

Canada

31,671

3,261

12,341

16,069

Australia

21,466

1,889

19,577

Africa

2,801

2,801

Rest of world

9,106

3,367

5,739

Total royalty interests

191,867

6,743

32,619

152,505

Total

$

615,856

$

92,898

$

6,743

$

183,213

$

333,002

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Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2020

    

Revenue

    

Cost of sales(1)

    

Production taxes

    

Depletion(2)

    

Segment gross profit(3)

Stream interests

Canada

$

158,736

$

39,257

$

$

65,017

$

54,462

Dominican Republic

96,978

27,882

45,115

23,981

Chile

74,219

10,878

23,846

39,495

Africa

29,935

5,873

10,700

13,362

Total stream interests

359,868

83,890

144,678

131,300

Royalty interests

United States

$

48,692

$

$

2,451

$

4,954

$

41,287

Canada

30,524

1,373

10,397

18,754

Mexico

32,731

7,797

24,934

Australia

15,252

1,939

13,313

Africa

2,575

2,575

Rest of world

9,177

5,282

3,895

Total royalty interests

138,951

3,824

30,369

104,758

Total

$

498,819

$

83,890

$

3,824

$

175,047

$

236,058

(1)Excludes depreciation, depletion and amortization.
(2)Depletion amounts are included within Depreciation, depletion and amortization on our consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.
(3)Refer to Note 15 of our notes to consolidated financial statements for a reconciliation of total segment gross profit to consolidated income before income taxes.

Our financial results are primarily tied to the price of gold and, to a lesser extent, the prices of silver and copper, together with the amounts of production from our producing-stage stream and royalty interests. During the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021, we derived approximately 84% of our revenue from precious metals (including 74% from gold and 10% from silver), 12% from copper, and 4% from other minerals. The prices of gold, silver, copper, and other metals have fluctuated widely in recent years. The marketability and the price of metals are influenced by numerous factors beyond our control. Significant declines in the prices of gold, silver, or copper could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

Competition

The mining industry in general, and stream and royalty segments in particular, are very competitive. We compete with other stream and royalty companies, mine operators, and financial buyers in efforts to acquire existing stream and royalty interests. We also compete with the lenders, investors, and streaming and royalty companies providing financing to operators of mineral properties in our efforts to create new stream and royalty interests. Our competitors may be larger than we are and may have greater resources and access to capital than we have. Key competitive factors in the stream and royalty acquisition and financing business include the ability to identify and evaluate potential opportunities, transaction structure and consideration, and access to capital.

Regulation

Operators of the mines that are subject to our stream and royalty interests must comply with numerous environmental, mine safety, land use, waste disposal, remediation and public health laws and regulations promulgated by federal, state, provincial and local governments in the United States, Canada, Chile, the Dominican Republic, Ghana, Mexico, Botswana, Australia and other countries where we hold interests. Although we, as a stream or royalty interest owner, are not

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responsible for ensuring compliance with these laws and regulations, failure by the operators to comply with applicable laws, regulations and permits can result in injunctive action, orders to suspend or cease operations, damages, and civil and criminal penalties on the operators, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

Human Capital Resources

Employees

We currently have 28 employees, 19 of whom work out of our headquarters in Denver, Colorado. The remainder work out of our offices in Lucerne, Switzerland, Vancouver, Canada, and Toronto, Canada. Our employees are not subject to a labor contract or collective bargaining agreement.

Strategy

The continued growth and success of our business depends on our people, and our people are our most important resource. Management is responsible for ensuring that our policies and practices support our desired corporate culture and employee development. Our human capital management strategy is built on attracting the best talent and developing and retaining talent.

Diversity and Inclusion

We believe that diversity can enhance creativity, productivity, and organizational strength. We strive to maintain an environment where the perspectives and experiences of all personnel are respected and valued. We seek to identify potential future candidates for employment and membership on our Board using a wide range of criteria that, depending on the position, may include diversity, experience in the mining industry, integrity, perspective, broad business judgment and leadership skills, personal qualities and reputation in the business community, and relevant technical, management, political, legal, governance, finance and other experience.

We are committed to an inclusive work environment where individuals are treated with fairness and respect and are given equal opportunity to develop and advance without regard age, race, sex, gender identity or characteristics, color, religion, national origin, disability, sexual orientation, marital status, military status, pregnancy, genetic information, or any other status protected by state or local law.

We are committed to providing equal opportunities for promotion, compensation, training and development to all qualified individuals. We maintain a Diversity Policy that outlines our values, commitment to a diverse Board, management team and workforce, and procedures for carrying out the policy.

Safety

We are committed to the wellbeing of all our employees. We promote a safe and healthy workplace and require strict adherence to legal and ethical standards in our business practices. For each of the past five years, we have recorded a total recordable injury frequency rate of zero for our employees. We maintain a People Policy that outlines our approach to maintaining safe work conditions for our employees.

Human Rights

We are committed to respecting human rights in the jurisdictions where we operate and affirm our commitment to comply with all applicable laws concerning human rights through our Human Rights Policy.

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Compensation and Benefits

We offer competitive compensation and benefits to attract and retain top talent. We provide competitive medical and other insurance coverage for employees and eligible dependents and provide for sick leave in the case of illness or absence due to the sickness of the employee or an immediate family member.

Development

We support the continued professional development of our employees by underwriting or subsidizing education and professional development programs for our employees.

Host Community Commitment

We actively seek opportunities to advance sustainability initiatives with the goal of supporting communities that host the operations in which we hold stream and royalty interests during and following our operators’ mining operations. Many of our operators also actively and positively impact the communities where they mine. We encourage their efforts and often make our own financial contributions in support of their programs.

Local Community Support

We also believe in giving back at home, supporting the communities where we live and work. Our annual charitable giving is administered by a committee of employees that selects donation targets and recipients in our local communities. We are proud to partner with leading charities in Denver, Luzern, Toronto, and Vancouver that are actively responding to community needs with respect to medical supplies, homelessness, food security, elder care, and education.

SEC Filings

We file periodic and current reports, proxy statements, and other information with the SEC. This includes our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those forms. These reports are available free of charge on our website at www.royalgold.com as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC. These reports also can be obtained on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. The information on our website is not part of this or any other report filed with or furnished to the SEC.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

You should carefully consider the risks described in this section. Our future performance is subject to risks and uncertainties that could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, and financial condition and the trading price of our common stock. We may be subject to other risks and uncertainties not presently known to us. In addition, please see our note about forward-looking statements included in the MD&A.

Risks Relating to our Business

Our revenue is subject to volatility in metal prices, which could negatively affect our results of operations or cash flow.

Market prices for gold, silver, copper, nickel, and other metals may fluctuate widely over time and are affected by numerous factors beyond our control. These factors include metal supply and demand, industrial and jewelry fabrication, investment demand, central banking actions, inflation expectations, currency values, interest rates, forward sales by metal producers, and political, trade, economic, or banking conditions.

Our revenue is directly tied to metal prices and is particularly sensitive to changes in the price of gold, as we derive a majority of our revenue from gold stream and royalty interests. Under our stream agreements, we purchase metal at a fixed price or a stated percentage of the market price and then sell the metal in the open market. If market prices decline, our revenue and cash flow from metal sales decline. A price decline can also impact our revenue under certain sliding-scale royalty agreements as we may receive a lower royalty rate when prices fall below specified thresholds. In addition, some

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of our royalty agreements are based on the operator’s concentrate sales to smelters and allow for price adjustments between the operator and the smelter based on metals prices on a future date, typically three to five months after shipment of concentrate. These price adjustments can decrease our revenue in future periods if metal prices decline following shipment.

Price declines could cause an operator to reduce, suspend, or terminate production or development at a project, which would impact our future revenue from the project. These production or development decisions could prevent us from recovering our initial investment in the project or result in an impairment to the value of our initial investment.

We own nonoperating interests in mining properties and cannot ensure properties are developed or operated in our best interests.

Our revenue is derived entirely from stream and royalty interests in properties owned and operated by third parties. In general, we have no decision-making authority regarding the development or operation of the mineral properties underlying our stream and royalty interests. Operators make all development and operating decisions, including decisions about permitting, feasibility analysis, mine design and operation, processing, plant and equipment matters, and temporary or permanent suspension of operations. The interests of the operators and those of Royal Gold on the relevant properties are not always aligned, which can result in lower or delayed payments to us compared to what we anticipated.

The continuing COVID-19 pandemic significantly impacted the global economy, global markets, and operations at some properties in which we have stream or royalty interests over the past year and a half and may continue to do so; this could adversely affect our business, results of operations, and the trading price of our stock.

The world continues to experience a deadly outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019, or COVID-19. The global economy, metal prices, and financial markets experienced significant volatility and uncertainty over the past year and a half due to COVID-19, including due to the recent emergence of variant strains of the virus. Continuing travel restrictions due to COVID-19 could limit or delay acquisition opportunities or other business activities. In addition, economic volatility, labor shortages, disruptions in the financial markets, or severe price declines for gold or other metals could adversely affect our ability to obtain future debt or equity financing for acquisitions on acceptable terms.

Although conditions have improved in the U.S., Canada, and Switzerland where we have employees, other parts of the world, including areas where we have stream and royalty interests, continue to be impacted by the pandemic. At varying locations and times, public health and government authorities have recommended and mandated precautions to mitigate the spread of COVID-19, including in some cases quarantines, shelter-in-place orders, and restrictions on mining-related activities. Throughout fiscal year 2021, several of our operating counterparties instituted temporary operational curtailments due to the pandemic, including the operators of Mount Milligan, Pueblo Viejo and Peñasquito. There may be additional curtailments. In addition, the pandemic and resulting economic and societal impacts have at times made it difficult for operators to forecast expected production amounts. The effects of the pandemic will ultimately depend on many factors that are outside of our control, including the severity and duration of the pandemic, the emergence of variant strains of the virus, government and operator actions in response to the pandemic, and the development, availability, and public acceptance of effective treatments and vaccines. As a result, we are currently unable to predict the nature or extent of any future impact on our business, results of operations, financial condition or the trading price of our stock.

We often have limited access to data about operating properties, which may make it difficult for us to project or assess the performance of our stream and royalty interests or to confirm mineral reserves.

We often do not have the contractual right to receive production, operating, and other data, nor do we have the right to access the property or obtain drilling and metallurgical data that would allow us to confirm reserves applicable to the properties in which we hold stream and royalty interests. As a result, it may be difficult for us to project or assess the performance of a stream or royalty interest and leaves us unable to conduct our own reserve or resource analysis.

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Our stream and royalty interests may not result in the anticipated returns or may not otherwise ultimately benefit our business.

We are continually reviewing opportunities to acquire new stream and royalty interests, and we have acquisition opportunities at various stages of review. Any acquisition could be material to us. At times, we also consider opportunities to restructure our existing stream or royalty interests where we believe the restructuring would provide a long-term benefit to us, even though it could reduce near-term revenues or result in the incurrence of transaction-related costs. The success of our stream and royalty interests is based in part on our ability to make accurate assumptions at the time of acquisition about the amount and timing of revenue to be derived from those interests. These assumptions are based on a variety of factors, including the geological, metallurgical, permitting, environmental, and other aspects of the project. For development projects, we also make assumptions about the cost, timing, and conduct of development. If an operator fails to bring a project into production as expected or if actual performance otherwise falls short of our assumptions, our revenue derived from the project may not be sufficient to yield an adequate, or any, return on our investment. In addition, we could be required to decrease the carrying value of our investment, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial condition. We cannot ensure that any acquisition or other transaction will ultimately benefit Royal Gold.

Our future success depends on our ability to acquire additional stream or royalty interests at appropriate valuations.

Our future success depends largely on our ability to acquire additional stream and royalty interests at appropriate valuations. We may not be able to identify and complete acquisitions of additional interests at appropriate prices or terms. We may not have sufficient liquidity or may not be able to obtain debt or equity financing to fund acquisitions due to economic volatility, credit crises, declines in metal prices, or other reasons. Certain of our competitors are larger and have greater financial resources than we do, and we may not be able to compete effectively against them. In addition, there has been significant growth in the number of stream and royalty companies over the last several years and some of these companies have different investment criteria, which has made the industry more competitive at times. Changes to tax rules, accounting policies, or the treatment of stream interests by ratings agencies could make streams or royalties less attractive to counterparties.

For some operating properties, we may not realize all of the expected benefits of our investments if operators are unable to replace current mineral reserves as they are depleted, which could impact our future results of operations.

For some operating properties, our return on investment depends in part on the operators’ ability to replace mineral reserves as they are consumed in the ordinary course of mining. If current mineral reserves are not replaced as they are mined by the operators of these properties, whether through expansion of known deposits, discovery of new mineralized material through exploration, conversion of mineralized material to mineral reserves, or otherwise, our expected investment returns or future results of operations could be adversely affected.

A significant portion of our revenue comes from a small number of operating properties, which means that adverse developments at these properties could have a more significant or lasting impact on our results of operations than if our revenue was less concentrated.

Approximately 77% of our revenue for fiscal year 2021 came from six properties: Mount Milligan, Andacollo, Pueblo Viejo, Wassa, Peñasquito, and Cortez. We expect these properties to continue to represent a significant portion of revenue going forward. This concentration of revenue could mean that adverse developments, including any adverse decisions made by the operators, at one or more of these properties could have a more significant or longer-term impact on our results of operations than if our revenue was less concentrated.

A significant disruption to our information technology systems could adversely affect our business and operating results.

We rely on a variety of information technology and automated operating systems to manage and support our operations. For example, we depend on our information technology systems for financial reporting, operational and investment management, and email. These systems contain our proprietary business information and personally identifiable

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information of our employees. The proper functioning of these systems and the security of this data is critical to the efficient operation and management of our business. In addition, these systems could require modifications or upgrades as a result of technological changes or growth in our business. These changes could be costly and disruptive to our operations and could impose substantial demands on management time. Our systems, and those of third-party providers, could be vulnerable to damage or disruption caused by catastrophic events, power outages, natural disasters, computer system or network failures, viruses, ransomware or malware, physical or electronic break-ins, unauthorized access, or cyber-attacks. Any security breach could compromise our networks, and the information stored on them could be improperly accessed, disclosed, lost, or stolen. Because techniques used to sabotage, obtain unauthorized access to systems or prohibit authorized access to systems change frequently and generally are not detected until successfully launched against a target, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques and the steps that we have taken to secure our systems and electronic information may not be adequate to prevent a disruption or attack. Any unauthorized activities could disrupt our operations, damage our reputation, or result in legal claims or proceedings, any of which could adversely affect our business, reputation, or operating results.

We depend on the services of our executives and other key employees, and the loss of one or more members of our management team could harm our business.

We believe that our success depends on retaining qualified executives and other key employees. Our management team has significant industry and company-specific experience. If we are unsuccessful at retaining or attracting qualified personnel, our business could be disrupted and our ability to achieve our business objectives and grow effectively could be jeopardized. We do not currently maintain key person life insurance on any of our directors or employees.

Risks Relating to our Stream and Royalty Interests

Our revenue is subject to operational and other risks faced by operators of the properties in which we hold stream or royalty interests.

We generally are not required to pay capital or operating costs on projects in which we hold stream or royalty interests. However, our revenue and the value of our investments are indirectly subject to hazards and risks normally associated with developing and operating mining properties, including the following:

insufficient ore reserves
increased capital or operating costs
declines in the price of gold, silver, copper, nickel, or other metals
construction or development delays
operational disruptions, including those caused by pandemics or other global or local health crises
inability to obtain or maintain necessary permits
inability to replace or increase reserves as properties are mined
inability to maintain, or challenges to, exploration or mining rights
changes in mining taxes and royalties payable to governments
significant changes to environmental, permitting, or other regulatory requirements
challenges to operations, permits, or mining rights by local communities, indigenous populations, non-government organizations, or others
litigation between operators and third parties relating to the properties
community or civil unrest, including protests and blockades
labor shortages, increased labor costs, labor disputes, strikes, or work stoppages
unavailability of mining, drilling, or other equipment
unanticipated geological conditions or metallurgical characteristics
unanticipated ground or water conditions, including lack of access to sufficient water
inadequate supplies of power or other raw materials
pit wall or tailings dam failures or underground stability issues
fires, explosions, or other industrial accidents
injuries to humans, property, or the environment

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natural catastrophes and environmental hazards such as earthquakes, droughts, floods, forest fires, hurricanes, weather, or climate events
physical effects of climate change and regulatory changes designed to reduce the effects of climate change
uncertain political and economic environments
economic downturns
insufficient financing or inability to obtain financing
default by an operator on its obligations to us or its other creditors
insolvency, bankruptcy, or other financial difficulty of the operator
changes in laws or regulations or the enforcement of laws or regulations

The occurrence of any of these events could negatively impact operations at the properties in which we hold stream or royalty interests, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on our revenue and cash flow.

Most of our revenue is derived from properties outside the United States, and risks associated with conducting business in foreign countries or other sovereign jurisdictions could adversely affect our results of operations or financial condition.

Approximately 89% of our revenue comes from properties outside of the United States, and many of our operators are organized outside of the United States. Our principal producing stream and royalty interests on properties outside of the United States are located in Canada, Chile, the Dominican Republic, Ghana and Mexico. Within the United States and other countries, indigenous people may be recognized as sovereign entities and may enforce their own laws and regulations. Our and operators’ activities are subject to the risks associated with conducting business in foreign countries or other sovereign jurisdictions, including the following:

expropriation or nationalization of mining property or other government takings
seizure of mineral production
exchange and currency controls and fluctuations
limitations on foreign exchange or repatriation of earnings
restrictions on mineral production or price controls
import or export regulations, including trade wars and sanctions and restrictions on metal exports
changes in government taxation, royalties, tariffs, or duties
changes in economic, trade, diplomatic, or other relationships between countries or the effects on global and economic conditions, the stability of global financial markets, or the ability of key market participants to operate in certain financial markets
high rates of inflation
unfamiliar or uncertain foreign real estate, mineral tenure, safety, or environmental rules
war, crime, terrorism, sabotage, blockades, or other forms of civil unrest
uncertain political or economic environments
corruption
exposure to liabilities under anti-corruption or anti-money laundering laws
suspension of the enforcement of creditors’ or stockholders’ rights
loss of access to government-controlled infrastructure, such as roads, bridges, rails, ports, power sources, and water supplies

In addition, many of our operators are organized outside of the United States. Our stream and royalty interests may be subject to the application of foreign laws to our operators, and their stockholders, including laws relating to foreign ownership structures, corporate transactions, creditors’ rights, bankruptcy and liquidation. Foreign operations also could be adversely impacted by laws and policies of the United States affecting foreign trade, investment and taxation.

These risks may limit or disrupt the development or operation of properties in which we hold stream and royalty interests or impair our rights or interests in these properties, which could adversely affect our results of operations or financial condition.

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If the assumptions underlying operators’ production, reserve, or mineralized material estimates are inaccurate or if future events cause operators to negatively adjust their previous estimates, our future revenue or the value of our investments could be adversely affected.

The operators of the properties in which we hold stream and royalty interests generally prepare production and reserve estimates for the properties. We do not independently prepare or verify this information. There are numerous uncertainties inherent in these estimates, many of which are outside the operators’ control. As a result, production and reserve estimates are subjective and necessarily depend upon a number of assumptions, including, among others, reliability of historical data, geologic and mining conditions, metallurgical recovery, metal prices, operating costs, capital expenditures, development and reclamation costs, mining technology improvements, and the effects of government regulation. If any of the assumptions that operators make in connection with production or reserve estimates are incorrect, actual production could be significantly lower than the production or reserve estimates, which could adversely affect our future revenue and the value of our investments. In addition, if operators’ estimates with respect to the timing of production are incorrect, we may experience variances in expected revenue from period to period.

Some operators also report publicly or to us estimates of mineralized material. The term “mineralized material” does not indicate proven or probable reserves as defined by the SEC. Mineralized material is subject to future exploration and development and associated risks and may never convert to future reserves. In addition, estimates of mineralized material are subject to similar uncertainties and assumptions as discussed above with respect to mineral reserves.

We and our operating properties may be subject to environmental risks, including risks associated with climate change, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or the value of our interests or of our common stock.

Mining operations are subject to extensive laws and regulations governing land use and the protection of the environment. In addition, many countries have implemented laws and regulations designed to address the effects of climate change, including rules to reduce industrial emissions and increase energy efficiency. These laws and regulations are constantly evolving in a manner generally expected to result in stricter standards, more liability, and increased costs. Compliance with these laws and regulations can impose substantial costs and burdens on operators of properties subject to our interests. In addition, an operator’s failure to comply with these laws and regulations could result in injunctive action, orders to suspend or cease operations, damages, or civil or criminal penalties on the operator. If any of these events were to occur, our revenue or the value of our interests could be adversely affected.

Climate change may also pose physical risks to the properties in which we hold an interest. This could include adverse effects on operations as a result of increasing occurrences of extreme weather events, water shortages, changes in rainfall and storm patterns, changes in sea levels, and other negative weather and climate patterns. For example, the Mount Milligan mine has experienced a reduction in production due to water shortages in recent years.

In addition, public-company stockholders are increasingly sensitive to the climate change impacts and mitigation efforts of companies, are increasingly seeking enhanced disclosure on the risks, challenges, governance implications, and financial impacts of climate change faced by companies and demanding that companies take a proactive approach to addressing perceived environmental risks, including risks associated with climate change, relating to their operations. Adverse publicity or climate-related litigation that impacts any of the operators of the properties in which we hold interests could have a negative impact on our business. As a holder of stream and royalty interests, we generally will not have any influence on litigation such as this and generally will not have access to non-public information concerning such litigation.

Challenges relating to climate change could have an impact on the ability of these operators to access the capital markets and such limitations could have a corresponding negative effect on their business and operations. Although we do not conduct mining operations on the properties in which we hold stream and royalty interests and are not required to contribute to environmental or other operating costs on the properties, our stockholders may nonetheless demand that we bear some responsibility for managing these environmental risks. If this were to occur, the value of our interests or your shares of common stock could be adversely affected.

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Further, due to expansive environmental laws, it is possible that we could become subject to environmental liabilities for historic periods during which we owned or operated properties or relative to our current ownership interests in lease and underlying unpatented mining claims. These liabilities could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial condition.

Financial Risks

Future indebtedness could adversely affect our financial condition and impair our ability to operate our business.

As of June 30, 2021, we had $1 billion available and no amount outstanding under our revolving credit facility. We may incur additional indebtedness in the future. Future indebtedness could have important consequences, including the following:

require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to service indebtedness, thereby reducing the availability of cash flow to fund acquisitions, working capital, or dividends
limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business
restrict us from exploiting business opportunities
make us more vulnerable to a downturn in our business or the economy
place us at a competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors with less indebtedness
require the consent of our existing lenders to incur additional indebtedness
limit our ability to borrow additional funds for acquisitions, working capital, or debt-service requirements

Our credit facility contains financial and other restrictive covenants. For example, the agreement includes financial covenants that require us to maintain a maximum leverage ratio and a minimum interest coverage ratio (as these terms are defined under the agreement). These covenants could limit our ability to engage in activities that are in our long-term best interests. Our failure to comply with these covenants would result in an event of default that, if not waived, could result in the acceleration of all outstanding indebtedness. Our credit facility expires in July 2026. In the future, we may be unable to obtain new financing or refinancing on acceptable terms.

The proposed phase out of the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") could adversely affect our results of operations or financial condition.

In 2017, the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority (the authority that regulates LIBOR) announced that it intends to phase out LIBOR by the end of calendar year 2021. The Federal Reserve Board has convened a group of private-market participants to identify a proposed alternative rate and address the transition from LIBOR to an alternative rate. In 2019, the FASB proposed guidance that would help facilitate the market transition from existing reference rates to alternative rates. Borrowings under our revolving credit facility bear interest at LIBOR plus an applicable margin. Under the agreement governing the facility, we have established provisions to provide for the eventual replacement of LIBOR as a benchmark interest rate under the facility. There is currently no definitive information regarding the future use of LIBOR or a replacement rate. We are unable to predict whether and to what extent a LIBOR change would impact our future results of operations and financial condition.

Legal Risks

Unknown defects in our stream or royalty interests or the bankruptcy or insolvency of an operator could have a material adverse effect on the value of our investments.

Despite our due diligence practices, it is possible that unknown defects or problems will exist relating to the existence, validity, enforceability, terms, or geographic extent of our stream and royalty interests. Similarly, stream interests and, in many jurisdictions, royalty interests are or can be contractual in nature, rather than interests in land. As a result, these interests may not survive a bankruptcy or insolvency of an operator. We often do not have the protection of security interests that could help us recover all or part of our investment in a stream or royalty interest in the event of an operator’s

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bankruptcy or insolvency. If our stream or royalty interests were set aside through judicial or administrative proceedings, the value of our investments could be adversely affected.

Some of the agreements governing our stream and royalty interests contain terms that reduce or cap the revenue generated from those interests.

Revenue from some of our stream and royalty interests decreases or stops after threshold production, delivery, or payment milestones are achieved. For example, our stream interests at Pueblo Viejo, Andacollo, Wassa, and Khoemacau and certain of our royalty interests at other properties contain these types of limitations. As a result, past production and revenue relating to these interests may not be indicative of future results. In addition, some of our stream and royalty interests do not cover all of the reserves at certain properties, which could mean that overall performance reported by the operators may not correlate to the performance of our interests in the properties.

Operators may fail to comply with their contractual arrangements with us or may interpret their obligations in a manner adverse to us, which could decrease our revenue or increase our costs.

At times, operators may be unable or unwilling to fulfill their contractual obligations to us. In addition, we often rely on the operators for the calculation of our stream deliveries or royalty payments and there is a risk of delay, error, and additional expense in receiving deliveries or payments. Payments may be delayed by restrictions imposed by lenders, delays in the sale or delivery of products, or the ability or willingness of smelters and refiners to process mine products. Our rights to payment under our royalty and stream agreements must, in most cases, be enforced by contract. When we enter into new stream or royalty agreements, we attempt to secure contractual rights that allow us to monitor operators’ compliance with their obligations to us, such as audit or access rights. However, these rights may not be sufficient to ensure compliance. In addition, our stream and royalty agreements are often complex and may be subject to interpretation or uncertainties. Operators and other counterparties may interpret our interests in a manner adverse to us. For these or other reasons, we could be forced to expend resources or take legal action to enforce our contractual rights. We may not be successful in enforcing our contractual rights. As a result, our revenue relating to the disputed interests could be adversely affected. We may also need to expend significant monetary and human resources to defend our position, which could adversely affect our results of operations. In addition, we may be required to make retroactive revenue adjustments in future periods relating to past period revenue as a result of information that we learn through audit or access rights.

Changes to U.S. and foreign tax laws could adversely affect our results of operations.

We are subject to tax in the U.S. and other foreign jurisdictions. Current economic and political conditions make tax laws and their interpretation subject to a significant change in any jurisdiction. We cannot predict the timing or significance of future tax law changes in the U.S. or other countries in which we do business. If material tax law changes are enacted, our future effective tax rate, results of operations, and cash flows could be adversely impacted.

Anti-corruption laws and regulations could subject us to liability and require us to incur costs.

We are subject to the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (the "FCPA") and other laws that prohibit improper payments or offers of payments to third parties, including foreign governments and their officials, for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. In some cases, we invest in mining operations in jurisdictions that have experienced corruption in the past. Our international investment activities create the risk of unauthorized payments or offers of payments in violation of the FCPA or other anti-corruption laws by one of our employees or agents in violation of our policies. In addition, the operators of the properties in which we own stream and royalty interests may fail to comply with anti-corruption laws and regulations. Although we do not operate these properties, enforcement authorities could deem us to have some culpability for the operators’ actions. Any violations of the FCPA or other anti-corruption laws could result in significant civil or criminal penalties to us and could have an adverse effect on our reputation.

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We expect that our disclosures relating to operating properties will change as a result of new SEC disclosure rules, and we continue to face uncertainty around how some of these rules apply to a stream and royalty company.

In 2018, the SEC adopted amendments to its disclosure requirements for mining companies, including stream and royalty companies. We are required to comply with the new rules for our fiscal year beginning on July 1, 2021. We expect that our disclosures about operating properties will change under the new rules, and, in some cases, we may be required to disclose in our SEC filings more or less information than we currently disclose about these properties. There continues to be uncertainty about how the rules will apply to a stream and royalty company with significant investments in properties run by international operators that are not required to report under SEC rules.

Risks Related to our Common Stock

Our stock price may continue to be volatile, and you could lose all or part of your investment.

The market price of our common stock has fluctuated in the past and may continue to do so in the future. For example, during fiscal year 2021, the market price of our common stock ranged from a low of $99.32 to a high of $147.64. Many factors unrelated to operating performance can contribute to volatility in the market price of our common stock, including the following:

economic, market, or political conditions, including the effects of COVID-19
market prices of gold, silver, copper, nickel, and other metals
developments relating to operating properties
interest rates and expectations about inflation
currency values
credit market conditions

These market fluctuations, regardless of cause, may materially and adversely affect our stock price. As a result, you could lose all or part of your investment.

We may issue additional equity securities, which would dilute our existing stockholders and reduce our per-share financial measures and could reduce the market price of our common stock.

We may issue additional equity in the future in connection with acquisitions, strategic transactions, or for other purposes. If we issue additional equity securities, our existing stockholders would be diluted and our per-share financial measures would be reduced. In addition, shares of common stock that we issue in connection with an acquisition may not be subject to resale restrictions. The market price of our common stock could decline if our stockholders sell substantial amounts of our common stock or are perceived by the market as intending to sell these shares other than in an orderly manner.

We may change our practice of paying dividends, which could reduce the value of your investment.

We have paid a cash dividend on our common stock since calendar year 2000. Our board of directors has discretion in determining whether to declare a dividend based on a number of factors, including metal prices, economic or market conditions, earnings, cash flow, financial condition, and funding requirements for future opportunities or operations. In addition, corporate law limitations or future contractual restrictions could limit our ability to pay dividends in the future. If our board of directors reduces or eliminates future dividends, our stock price could fall, and the success of your investment would depend largely on any future stock price appreciation. We have increased our dividend in prior years. There can be no assurance, however, that we will continue to do so or that we will pay any dividends.

Provisions of Delaware law and our organizational documents could delay or prevent a third party from acquiring us.

The anti-takeover provisions of Delaware law impose barriers to the ability of a third party to acquire control of us, even if a change of control would be beneficial to our existing stockholders. In addition, our certificate of incorporation and bylaws contain provisions that may make it more difficult for a third party to acquire control of us without the approval of

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our board of directors. These provisions may make it more difficult or expensive for a third party to acquire a majority of our outstanding common stock. Among other things, these provisions provide for the following:

allow our board of directors to issue shares of common stock and preferred stock without stockholder approval, except as may be required by Nasdaq rules
allow our board of directors to establish the rights and preferences of authorized and unissued preferred stock
provide for a classified board, whereby our board of directors is divided into three classes of directors serving staggered three-year terms
prohibit stockholders from calling special meetings of stockholders
require advance notice of stockholder proposals and related information
require vacancies and newly created directorships on the board of directors to be filled only by affirmative vote of a majority of the directors then serving on the board

These provisions could increase the cost of acquiring us or discourage a third party from acquiring us or removing incumbent management, which could decrease the value of your investment.

ITEM 1B.  UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

We do not own or operate the properties on which we hold stream or royalty interests and therefore much of the information disclosed in this Form 10-K regarding these properties is provided to us by the operators. For example, the operators of certain properties provide us information regarding metals production, estimates of mineral reserves and additional mineralized material and production estimates. A list of our producing and development stage streams and royalties, as well their respective reserves, are summarized in Table 1 “Operators’ Estimated Proven and Probable Gold Reserves” below within this Item 2. More information is available to the public regarding certain properties in which we have stream or royalty interests, including reports filed with the SEC or with the Canadian securities regulatory agencies available at www.sec.gov or www.sedar.com, respectively.

We manage our business under two reportable segments, consisting of the acquisition and management of stream interests and the acquisition and management of royalty interests. The description of our principal stream and royalty interests set forth below includes the location, operator, stream or royalty rate, access and any material current developments at the property. For any reported production amounts discussed below, we consider reported production to relate to the amount of metal sales subject to our stream and royalty interests. Please refer to Item 7, MD&A, for discussion on production estimates, historical production and revenue for our principal properties. The map below illustrates the location of our principal producing stage properties.

In 2018, the SEC adopted amendments to the disclosure requirements for mining properties. Effective for fiscal years beginning on or after January 1, 2021, the disclosure requirements under SEC Industry Guide 7 have been replaced with new disclosure requirements under Regulation S-K Subpart 1300. The property and reserve disclosures as of June 30, 2021, contained in this report are presented in accordance with SEC Industry Guide 7. We expect that the property and reserve disclosures as of December 31, 2021, contained in our Transitional Report on Form 10-KT to be filed in early 2022 will be presented in accordance with Regulation S-K Subpart 1300.

Principal Producing Properties

We consider both historical and future potential revenues to determine which stream and royalty interests in our portfolio are principal to our business. Estimated future potential revenues from producing properties are based on a number of factors, including reserves subject to our stream and royalty interests, production estimates, feasibility studies, technical reports, metal price assumptions, mine life, legal status and other factors and assumptions, any of which could change and could cause us to conclude that one or more of such stream and royalty interests are no longer principal to our business.

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Currently, we consider the properties discussed below (listed alphabetically by stream and royalty interest) to be principal to our business.

Graphic

Stream Interests

Andacollo (Region IV, Chile)

Our wholly owned subsidiary, RGLD Gold AG (“RGLD Gold”), owns the right to purchase 100% of the gold produced from the Andacollo copper-gold mine until 900,000 ounces of payable gold have been delivered, and 50% thereafter. The cash purchase price equals 15% of the monthly average gold price for the month preceding the delivery date for all gold purchased. As of June 30, 2021, approximately 283,500 ounces of payable gold have been delivered to RGLD Gold.

Andacollo is an open-pit mine and milling operation located in central Chile, Region IV in the Coquimbo Province and is operated by Compañía Minera Teck Carmen de Andacollo (“CMCA”), a 90% owned subsidiary of Teck Resources Limited (“Teck”). The Andacollo mine is located in the foothills of the Andes Mountains approximately 1.5 miles southwest of the town of Andacollo. The regional capital of La Serena and the coastal city of Coquimbo are approximately 34 miles northwest of the Andacollo mine by road, and Santiago is approximately 215 miles south by air. Access to the mine is provided by Route 43 (R-43) south from La Serena to El Peñon. From El Peñon, D-51 is followed east and eventually curves to the south to Andacollo. Both R-43 and D-51 are paved roads.

Stream deliveries from Andacollo were approximately 46,400 ounces of gold during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021, compared to approximately 43,900 ounces of gold during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020.

Teck expects grades to continue to decline towards reserve grades. The current life of mine for Andacollo is expected to continue until calendar year 2035. According to Teck, additional permits or permit amendments will be required to execute the life of mine plan.

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Khoemacau Project (Botswana)

RGLD Gold owns the right to receive 84% of the payable silver produced from Khoemacau Project (“Khoemacau”) until the delivery of approximately 33.6 million silver ounces, and 42% thereafter. RGLD Gold will pay a cash price equal to 20% of the spot silver price for each ounce delivered; however, if Khoemacau Copper Mining (Pty.) Limited (“KCM”) achieves mill expansion throughput levels above 13,000 tonnes per day (30% above current mill design capacity), RGLD Gold will pay a higher ongoing cash price for silver ounces delivered in excess of specific annual thresholds.

Khoemacau is a copper-silver development project located within the North West and Ghanzi Districts of Botswana, and is owned by KCM. The license area is generally south-west of the town of Maun and north-east of the town of Ghanzi. Khoemacau is accessed from the city of Maun, approximately 40 miles southwest of the town of Toteng on a major travel route, the A3 highway, a paved road and then approximately 16 miles on gravel road to reach the Boseto plant site. Khoemacau includes a fully mechanized underground mining operation at the Zone 5 deposit and treatment of sulphide ores at the Boseto concentrator. Ore is transported 20 miles from Zone 5 to the Boseto processing facility via a sealed haul road.

Since underground development of Zone 5 commenced in early calendar year 2020, more than 350,000 tonnes of high-grade sulfide ore has been stockpiled on surface. While the state of emergency declared by the Government of Botswana to help prevent the spread of COVID-19 remains in place until at least September 30, 2021, mining remains designated as an “essential service” and KCM reports that activities at site are continuing. Absent any potential further unforeseen impacts caused by COVID-19 considerations, KCM expects to ramp up through the balance of calendar year 2021 and reach full production in early calendar year 2022. At full production, Khoemacau has the capacity to produce 155,000 to 165,000 tonnes of high-grade copper and silver concentrate a year, containing approximately 60,000 to 65,000 tonnes of payable copper and 1.8 to 2.0 million ounces of payable silver.

As of June 30, 2021, Royal Gold had remaining committed funding of $49.4 million to KCM in the form of $42.4 million of additional advance payments under the stream and $7.0 million remaining on a subordinated debt facility, both of which may be drawn at the election of KCM prior to the earlier of completion of development or 60 days after the start of commercial production. On July 7, 2021, KCM drew the remaining $7.0 million amount on the subordinated debt facility, reducing Royal Gold’s remaining committed funding to $42.4 million of additional advance payments. The subordinated debt facility has a term of seven years, carries interest at a rate of LIBOR +11% and requires mandatory repayment upon certain events. KCM has indicated that it does not expect to draw any material amounts from this remaining committed funding.

Mount Milligan (British Columbia, Canada)

RGLD Gold owns the right to purchase 35% of the payable gold and 18.75% of the payable copper produced from the Mount Milligan copper-gold mine in British Columbia, Canada, which is operated by an indirect subsidiary of Centerra Gold Inc. (“Centerra”). The cash purchase price for gold is equal to the lesser of $435 per ounce, with no inflation adjustment, or the prevailing market price when purchased. The cash purchase price for copper is 15% of the spot price. As of June 30, 2021, approximately 578,800 ounces of payable gold and 51.6 million pounds of payable copper have been delivered to RGLD Gold.

Mount Milligan is an open-pit mine and is located within the Omenica Mining Division in North Central British Columbia, approximately 96 miles northwest of Prince George, 53 miles north of Fort St. James, and 59 miles west of Mackenzie. The Mount Milligan project is accessible by commercial air carrier to Prince George, British Columbia, then by vehicle from the east via Mackenzie on the Finlay Philip Forest Service Road and the North Philip Forest Service Road, and from the west via Fort St. James on the North Road and Rainbow Forest Service Road. Road travel to the Mount Milligan property site is 482 miles from Prince Rupert and 158 miles from Prince George.

Gold stream deliveries from Mount Milligan were approximately 62,300 ounces during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021, compared to approximately 59,900 ounces during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020.

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Copper stream deliveries from Mount Milligan were approximately 16.9 million pounds during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021, compared to approximately 12.7 million pounds during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020. Increased deliveries resulted from differences in the timing of shipments and settlements during the periods, in addition to higher tonnage and higher copper grades processed, slightly offset by lower copper recovery.

Centerra reported in May that given productivity improvements, cost controls and brownfield exploration success, it was updating the Mount Milligan life of mine plan. On August 10, 2021, Centerra reported that exploration activity is ongoing and results from drilling during the quarter ended June 30, 2021, include significant mineralization at several targets below the ultimate open pit boundary and along the eastern and southeastern margins of the open pit.

With respect to water supply, on August 10, 2021, Centerra reported that Mount Milligan accessed water from surface water sources and groundwater wells near the tailings storage facility in the quarter ended June 30, 2021, and with stored water inventory in excess of eight million cubic meters it estimates that Mount Milligan has sufficient water to enable continuous production for at least twelve months. Centerra also reported that it continues to pursue a longer-term solution to its water requirements at Mount Milligan and is in discussions with regulators, First Nations partners and other stakeholders. Centerra reported that in the first half of calendar year 2021 it obtained an environmental assessment certificate amendment and related permits to access surface water sources for Mount Milligan through November 2023.

On August 10, 2021, Centerra also reported that it is on track to achieve calendar year 2021 production guidance of between 180,000 and 200,000 ounces of gold and between 70 million and 80 million pounds of copper at Mount Milligan.  However, Centerra also reported that forest fires in the Province of British Columbia have the potential to disrupt shipments to and from the mine and the operation itself.

Pueblo Viejo (Sanchez Ramirez, Dominican Republic)

RGLD Gold owns the right to purchase 7.5% of Barrick Gold Corporation’s (“Barrick”) interest in the gold produced from the Pueblo Viejo mine until 990,000 ounces of gold have been delivered, and 3.75% thereafter. The cash purchase price for gold is 30% of the spot price of gold per ounce delivered until 550,000 ounces of gold have been delivered, and 60% of the spot price of gold per ounce delivered thereafter. RGLD Gold also owns the right to purchase 75% of Barrick’s interest in the silver produced from the Pueblo Viejo mine, subject to a minimum silver recovery of 70%, until 50 million ounces of silver have been delivered, and 37.5% thereafter. The cash purchase price for silver is 30% of the spot price of silver per ounce delivered until 23.1 million ounces of silver have been delivered, and 60% of the spot price of silver per ounce delivered thereafter. As of June 30, 2021, approximately 267,200 ounces of payable gold and 9.4 million ounces of payable silver have been delivered to RGLD Gold.

The Pueblo Viejo mine is located in the province of Sanchez Ramirez, Dominican Republic, approximately 60 miles northwest of Santo Domingo, and is owned by a joint venture in which Barrick holds a 60% interest and is responsible for operations, and in which Newmont Corporation (“Newmont”) holds a 40% interest. Pueblo Viejo is accessed from Santo Domingo by traveling northwest on Autopista Duarte, Highway #1, approximately 48 miles to Piedra Blanca and proceeding east for approximately 14 miles on Highway #17 to the gatehouse for Pueblo Viejo. Both Highway #1 and Highway #17 are paved.

Gold stream deliveries from Pueblo Viejo were approximately 40,800 ounces of gold during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021, compared to approximately 45,000 ounces of gold during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020. The decrease was attributable to lower tonnes processed, lower ore grades and lower recovery in fiscal year 2021.

Silver stream deliveries were approximately 1.5 million ounces of silver during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021, compared to approximately 1.7 million ounces of silver during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020. The decrease was attributable to lower silver recoveries resulting from temporary operational issues with the silver circuit that caused recoveries to fall below the fixed 70% recovery rate specified in the stream agreement. The stream agreement includes a deferral mechanism for ounces that cannot be delivered at this fixed recovery rate, with the economic impact of any shortfall in deliveries to be made up in future periods. As of June 30, 2021, approximately 437,000 ounces of silver deliveries have been deferred. Barrick has advised that maintenance work on the silver recovery circuit is complete and silver recovery has steadily improved over the past quarter. Barrick also advised that modifications to further improve

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silver recovery are underway and are expected to be complete during the current quarter. With the recovery improvements, we expect delivery of the deferred ounces to begin next quarter.

Barrick reported continued progress at Pueblo Viejo during the June 2021 quarter to expand the process plant and tailings storage facilities. Barrick estimates that the expansion project could significantly increase throughput and allow the mine to maintain average annual gold production of approximately 800,000 ounces after calendar year 2022 (on a 100% basis), and that the increase in tailings storage capacity has the potential to convert over 9 million ounces of mineralized material to reserves (on a 100% basis). Barrick reported that as of June 30, 2021, the engineering design of the process plant expansion is 87% complete, construction is 10% complete, and completion of the process plant expansion is expected by the end of calendar 2022. Barrick also reported an agreement with key stakeholders to allow independent government-led oversight of the strategic environmental and social impact assessment studies for the new tailings storage facility, which is an important first step in starting fieldwork and advancing the permitting process.

Barrick expects the proportion of lower grade stockpile ore in the feed blend to steadily increase until the mine expansion pits are fully developed as part of the decision on the proposed plant and tailings expansion project.

In calendar year 2021, gold production from Barrick’s 60% interest in Pueblo Viejo is expected to be between 470,000 and 510,000 ounces, compared to actual gold production of 542,000 ounces in calendar year 2020.

Wassa (Western Region, Ghana)

RGLD Gold owns the right to purchase 10.5% of the gold produced from the Wassa mine, operated by Golden Star Resources Ltd. (“Golden Star”), until an aggregate 240,000 ounces have been delivered. Once the applicable delivery threshold is met, the stream percentage will decrease to 5.5%. As of June 30, 2021, approximately 128,000 ounces of payable gold attributable to the ounce threshold have been delivered to RGLD Gold.

The Wassa underground mine and oxide ore mill are located near the village of Akyempim in the Wassa East District, in the Western Region of Ghana, approximately 50 miles north of Cape Coast and 93 miles west of the capital Accra. The main access to the site is from the east, via the Cape Coast to Twifo-Praso road, then over the combined road-rail bridge on the Pra River. There is also an access road from Takoradi in the south via Mpohor. An airport at Takoradi is capable of handling jet aircraft and is serviced by several commercial flights each day.

Stream deliveries from Wassa were approximately 16,700 ounces of gold during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021, compared to approximately 16,500 ounces of gold during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020.

On June 28, 2021, Golden Star announced that production guidance for calendar 2021 would be reduced to between 145,000 and 155,000 ounces of gold from between 165,000 and 175,000 ounces of gold due to a delay in the commissioning of a new paste fill plant and subsequent changes to the mine plan. On July 28, 2021, Golden Star further reported positive results from paste fill test work, that if continued, could see a potential restart of the planned filling schedule in the fourth quarter of 2021 and return to the previously planned production from secondary stopes in calendar year 2022.

Additionally, on June 28, 2021, Golden Star disclosed that COVID-19 has impacted the availability of expatriate operators, contributing to lower than planned development rates. Operational improvements and the recruitment of additional jumbo operators have since resulted in an increase in development rates.

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Royalty Interests

Cortez (Nevada, USA)

Cortez is a series of large open-pit and underground mines, utilizing mill and heap leach processing, which are operated by Nevada Gold Mines LLC (“NGM”), a joint venture between Barrick and Newmont with respect to their Nevada operations. The operation is located approximately 60 air miles southwest of Elko, Nevada, in Lander County. The site is reached by driving west from Elko on Interstate 80 approximately 46 miles, and proceeding south on State Highway 306 approximately 23 miles. Our royalty interest at Cortez applies to the Pipeline and South Pipeline deposits, part of the Gap pit and the Crossroads deposit.

The royalty interests we hold at Cortez include:

(a)Reserve Claims (“GSR1”). This is a sliding-scale GSR royalty for all products from an area originally known as the “Reserve Claims,” which includes the majority of the Pipeline and South Pipeline deposits. The GSR1 royalty rate is tied to the price of gold and does not include indexing for inflation or deflation. The GSR1 royalty rate is 5.0% at a gold price of $470 per ounce and higher.
(b)GAS Claims (“GSR2”). This is a sliding-scale GSR royalty for all products from an area outside of the Reserve Claims, originally known as the “GAS Claims,” which encompasses approximately 50% of the Gap deposit and all of the Crossroads deposit. The GSR2 royalty rate is tied to the gold price, without indexing for inflation or deflation. The GSR2 royalty rate is 5.0% at a gold price of $470 per ounce and higher.
(c)Reserve and GAS Claims Fixed Royalty (“GSR3”). The GSR3 royalty is a fixed rate GSR royalty of 0.7125% and covers the same cumulative area as is covered by our two sliding-scale GSR royalties, GSR1 and GSR2, except mining claims that comprise the undeveloped Crossroads deposit.
(d)Net Value Royalty (“NVR1”) and Net Value Royalty (Crossroads) (“NVR1C”). The NVR1 royalty is a fixed royalty of 4.91% NVR that covers the area of the GAS Claims, excluding the majority of the Crossroads deposit. The NVR1C royalty, which covers the majority of the Crossroads deposit, is a fixed royalty of 4.52% NVR.

On average, above a gold price of $470 per ounce after the relevant deductions, the combined royalty interests of GSR1, GSR2, GSR3, NVR1 and NVR1C are equivalent to an approximate 8% gross smelter return royalty to Royal Gold.

We also own three other royalties in the Cortez area where there is currently no production and no reserves attributed to these royalty interests.

Production attributable to our royalty interests at Cortez increased to 237,000 ounces of gold in fiscal year 2021 compared to 173,300 ounces of gold in the prior year. The increase was a result of production ramping up at the Crossroads deposit.

NGM expects total gold production from the regions subject to our interests at Cortez to be approximately 350,000 to 375,000 ounces in calendar year 2021, compared to actual calendar year 2020 gold production of 206,000, and average approximately 415,000 ounces per year from calendar year 2022 through calendar year 2026. The Crossroads deposit is expected to provide the majority of the royalty ounces during this period.

Peñasquito (Zacatecas, Mexico)

We own a production payment equivalent to a 2.0% NSR royalty on all metal production from the Peñasquito open-pit mine, located in the State of Zacatecas, Mexico, and operated by a subsidiary of Newmont. The Peñasquito mine is located approximately 17 miles west of the town of Concepción del Oro, Zacatecas, Mexico. The mine, composed of two main deposits called Peñasco and Chile Colorado, hosts large gold, silver, zinc and lead reserves. The deposits contain both oxide and sulfide material, resulting in heap leach and mill processing. There are two access routes to the site. The first is

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via a turnoff from Highway 54 onto the State La Pardita road, then onto the Mazapil to Cedros State road. The second access is via the Salaverna by-pass road from Highway 54 approximately 16 miles south of Concepción del Oro. There is a private airport on site and commercial airports in the cities of Saltillo, Zacatecas and Monterrey.

For fiscal year 2021, gold production attributable to our royalty interest at Peñasquito increased to 701,500 ounces compared to 312,200 ounces in fiscal year 2020; silver production increased to 30.9 million ounces over the prior fiscal year of 27.8 million ounces; lead increased to 185.6 million pounds over the prior fiscal year of 182.3 million pounds; and zinc increased to 412.7 million pounds over the prior fiscal year of 393.9 million pounds. Fiscal year 2020 production was adversely impacted by multiple blockades and operations being placed on care and maintenance in April 2020 due to a Mexican federal government decree to temporarily suspend all non-essential activities in Mexico as part of a nationwide effort to help slow the spread of COVID-19.

Newmont provided full calendar year 2021 production guidance for Peñasquito of 660,000 ounces of gold, 30 million ounces of silver, 475 million pounds of zinc and 190 million pounds of lead, compared to calendar year 2020 actual production of 526,000 ounces of gold, 28 million ounces of silver, 318 million pounds of zinc and 179 million pounds of lead.

Reserve Information

Table 1 below summarizes proven and probable reserves for gold, silver, copper, nickel, zinc, lead and cobalt that are subject to our stream and royalty interests as of December 31, 2020, as reported to us by the operators of the mines. Properties are currently in production unless noted as development (“DEV”) within the table. The exploration royalties we own do not contain proven and probable reserves as of December 31, 2020. Please refer to pages 23-28 for the footnotes to Table 1.

Operators’ Estimated Proven and Probable Gold Reserves

As of December 31, 2020(1)

Gold(2)

PROVEN +

PROBABLE

RESERVES(3)(4)(5)

    

    

    

    

    

Average

    

Gold

Tons of

Gold

Contained

Ore

Grade

Ozs(6)

PROPERTY

ROYALTY/METAL STREAM

OPERATOR

LOCATION

(M)

(opt)

(M)

Bald Mountain

 

1.75% - 2.5% NSR(7)

 

Kinross

 

United States

 

18.950

0.023

0.436

Cortez GSR1

 

0.40 - 5.0% GSR(8)

 

Nevada Gold Mines LLC

 

United States

 

10.523

0.024

0.256

Cortez GSR2

 

0.40 - 5.0% GSR(8)

 

Nevada Gold Mines LLC

 

United States

 

70.935

0.046

3.234

Cortez GSR3

 

0.71% GSR

 

Nevada Gold Mines LLC

 

United States

 

13.676

0.022

0.297

Cortez NVR1

 

4.91% NVR

 

Nevada Gold Mines LLC

 

United States

 

7.067

0.021

0.147

Cortez NVR1C

 

4.52% NVR (9)

 

Nevada Gold Mines LLC

 

United States

 

67.782

0.047

3.193

Gold Hill

 

1.0 - 2.0% NSR(10,11); 0.6 - 0.9% NSR(12)

 

Kinross

 

United States

 

4.897

0.016

0.080

Goldstrike (SJ Claims)

 

0.9% NSR

 

Nevada Gold Mines LLC

 

United States

 

24.478

0.059

1.433

Hasbrouck Mountain (DEV)

 

1.5% NSR

 

West Vault Mining

 

United States

 

35.616

0.017

0.588

Leeville

 

1.8% NSR

 

Nevada Gold Mines LLC

 

United States

 

6.041

0.277

1.675

Marigold

 

2.0% NSR

 

SSR Mining

 

United States

 

163.192

0.013

2.168

Granite Creek (DEV)

 

3.0% NSR(13,14); 2.94% NSR(13,15)

 

I-80 Gold Corp

United States

 

7.5571

0.064

0.483

Relief Canyon

 

3.0% NSR(16)

 

Americas Gold and Silver

 

United States

 

18.873

0.022

0.421

Ruby Hill

 

3.0% NSR

 

Waterton Precious Metals Fund

 

United States

 

1.726

0.014

0.024

Twin Creeks

 

2.0% GPR

 

Nevada Gold Mines LLC

 

United States

 

1.013

0.057

0.057

Wharf

 

0.0 - 2.0% GSR(17)

 

Coeur Mining

 

United States

 

26.408

0.025

0.667

Back River - Goose Lake (DEV)

 

1.95% GSR(18)

 

Sabina Gold & Silver

 

Canada

 

20.603

0.174

3.586

Bateman Gold (DEV)

1.0% NSR

 

Evolution Mining

 

Canada

 

3.927

0.162

0.635

Canadian Malartic

 

1.0 - 1.5% NSR(19)

 

Agnico Eagle/Yamana

 

Canada

 

32.161

0.027

0.860

Cochenour (DEV)

 

5.0% NPI

 

Evolution Mining

 

Canada

 

1.585

0.181

0.287

Côté Gold Project (DEV)

 

1.0% NSR

 

IAMGOLD

 

Canada

 

179.787

0.028

5.099

Kutcho Creek (DEV)

 

2.0% NSR

 

Kutcho Copper Corp

 

Canada

 

11.509

0.009

0.100

LaRonde Zone 5

 

2.0% NSR

 

Agnico Eagle

 

Canada

 

12.959

0.061

0.788

Mount Milligan

 

35% of payable gold(20)

 

Centerra Gold

 

Canada

 

188.028

0.011

2.148

Pine Cove

 

7.5% NPI

 

Anaconda Mining

 

Canada

 

0.295

0.060

0.018

Rainy River

 

6.5% of gold produced(21)

 

New Gold

 

Canada

 

81.478

0.032

2.598

Williams

 

0.97% NSR

 

Barrick

 

Canada

 

6.543

0.138

0.900

Dolores

 

3.25% NSR

 

Pan American

 

Mexico

 

40.675

0.025

1.031

Peñasquito

 

2.0% NSR

 

Newmont

 

Mexico

 

427.476

0.017

7.100

Andacollo

 

100% of payable gold(22)

 

Teck

 

Chile

 

332.347

0.003

0.969

La Fortuna (DEV)

 

1.4% NSR(23)

 

Newmont

 

Chile

 

225.599

0.014

3.078

Don Mario (DEV)

 

3.0% NSR

 

Orvana

 

Bolivia

 

2.240

0.054

0.121

Pueblo Viejo

 

7.5% of payable gold(24)

 

Barrick/Newmont

 

Dominican Republic

 

91.492

0.068

6.200

El Limon

 

3.0% NSR

 

Calibre

 

Nicaragua

 

4.448

0.128

0.568

La India (DEV)

 

3.0% NSR

 

Condor Gold

 

Nicaragua

 

7.606

0.089

0.675

Mara Rosa (DEV)

2.75% NSR

 

Amarillo Gold

 

Brazil

26.235

0.034

0.902

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Bellevue (DEV)

 

2.0% NSR

 

Bellevue Gold

 

Australia

 

2.976

0.232

0.690

Gwalia Deeps

 

1.5% NSR

 

St. Barbara

 

Australia

 

13.205

0.166

2.198

Jaguar Nickel (DEV)

 

1.5% NSR

 

Washington H. Soul Pattinson

 

Australia

 

1.323

0.008

0.010

King of the Hills

 

1.5% NSR

 

Red 5

 

Australia

 

71.209

0.033

2.384

Meekatharra

 

0.45% or 1.5% NSR(25)

 

Westgold Resources

 

Australia

 

5.483

0.079

0.435

South Laverton

 

1.5% NSR(26)

 

Northern Star

 

Australia

 

33.068

0.057

1.892

Southern Cross

 

1.5% NSR

 

Shandong Tianye Group

 

Australia

 

10.538

0.096

1.010

Wembley Durack (DEV)

 

1.0% NSR

 

Westgold Resources

Australia

 

0.362

0.055

0.020

Inata

 

2.5% GSR

 

Balaji Group

 

Burkina Faso

 

6.352

0.054

0.340

Taparko(28)

 

2.0% GSR

 

Nord Gold

 

Burkina Faso

 

4.812

0.043

0.207

Prestea

5.5% of payable gold (28)

 

Future Global Resources

 

Ghana

 

0.944

0.320

0.302

Wassa

10.5% of payable gold(29)

 

Golden Star Resources

 

Ghana

 

12.688

0.086

1.089

Operators’ Estimated Proven and Probable Silver Reserves

As of December 31, 2020(1)

Silver(30)

PROVEN +

RESERVES

PROBABLE

(3)(4)(5)

Average

Silver

Tons of

Silver

Contained

Ore

Grade

Ozs(6)

PROPERTY

 

ROYALTY/METAL STREAM

 

OPERATOR

 

LOCATION

 

(M)

 

(opt)

 

(M)

Gold Hill

  

1.0 - 2.0% NSR(10,11); 0.6 - 0.9% NSR(12)

  

Kinross

United States

  

4.897

0.251

1.230

Hasbrouck Mountain (DEV)

 

1.5% NSR

 

West Vault Mining

United States

 

35.616

0.297

10.569

Relief Canyon

3.0% NSR(16)

Americas Gold and Silver

United States

18.873

0.057

1.085

Kutcho Creek (DEV)

 

2.0% NSR

 

Kutcho Copper Corp

Canada

 

11.509

1.008

11.600

Rainy River

 

60% of silver produced (21)

 

New Gold

Canada

 

81.478

0.088

7.152

Dolores

 

2.0% NSR

 

Pan American

Mexico

 

40.675

0.679

27.600

Peñasquito

 

2.0% NSR

 

Newmont

Mexico

 

427.476

0.996

425.750

Don Mario (DEV)

 

3.0% NSR

 

Orvana

Bolivia

 

2.240

1.438

3.221

Pueblo Viejo

 

75% of payable silver(24)

 

Barrick/Newmont

Dominican Republic

 

91.492

0.443

40.500

La India (DEV)

 

3.0% NSR

 

Condor Gold

Nicaragua

 

7.606

0.156

1.185

Jaguar Nickel (DEV)

 

1.5% NSR

 

Washington H. Soul Pattinson

Australia

 

1.323

2.268

3.000

Khoemacau (DEV)

84% of payable silver(31)

Cupric Canyon

Botswana

37.434

0.574

21.470

Operators’ Estimated Proven and Probable Base Metal Reserves

As of December 31, 2020(1)

Copper(32)

PROVEN +

PROBABLE

RESERVES(3)(4)(5)

Average

Tons of

Base Metal

Base Metal

Ore

Grade

Contained Lbs(6)

PROPERTY

ROYALTY/METAL STREAM

OPERATOR

LOCATION

(M)

(%)

(M)

Kutcho Creek (DEV)

 

2.0% NSR

 

Kutcho Copper

 

Canada

11.509