SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
(Release No. 34-49356)
March 3, 2004
Order Pursuant to Section 11A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Rule 11Aa3-2(f) Thereunder Extending a De Minimis Exemption for Transactions in Certain Exchange-Traded Funds from the Trade-Through Provisions of the Intermarket Trading System
This order extends, for an additional nine-month period, a de minimis exemption to the provisions of the Intermarket Trading System Plan ("ITS Plan"),1 a national market system plan,2 governing intermarket trade-throughs. The de minimis exemption was originally issued by the Commission on August 28, 20023 and extended on May 30, 2003.4
The ITS Plan system is an order routing network designed to facilitate intermarket trading in exchange-listed securities among participating SROs based on current quotation information emanating from their markets. Quotations in exchange-listed securities are collected and disseminated by the Consolidated Quote System ("CQS"), which is governed by a national market system plan that the Commission has approved pursuant to Rule 11Aa3-2 under the Act.5 Under the ITS Plan, a member of a participating SRO may access the best bid or offer displayed in CQS by another Participant by sending an order (a "commitment to trade") through ITS to that Participant. Exchange members participate in ITS through facilities provided by their respective exchanges. NASD members participate in ITS through a facility of the Nasdaq Stock Market ("Nasdaq") known as the Computer Assisted Execution System ("CAES"). Market makers and electronic communications networks ("ECNs") that are members of the NASD and seek to display their quotes in exchange-listed securities through Nasdaq must register with the NASD as ITS/CAES Market Makers.6
The May 2003 Order granted a de minimis exemption from compliance with Section 8(d)(i) of the ITS Plan with respect to three specific exchange-traded funds ("ETFs"), the Nasdaq-100 Index ETF ("QQQ"), the Dow Jones Industrial Average ETF ("DIA"), and the Standard & Poor's 500 Index ETF ("SPY").7 Section 8(d)(i) of the ITS Plan provides that participants should not purchase or sell any security that trades on the ITS Plan system at a price that is worse than the price at which that security is otherwise being offered on the ITS Plan system.8 By its terms, the May 2003 Order exempts from the trade-through provisions of the ITS Plan any transactions in the three ETFs that are effected at prices at or within three cents away from the best bid and offer quoted in the CQS for a period of nine months, which ends on March 4, 2004.
The three cent de minimis exemption allows ITS participants and their members to execute transactions, through automated execution or otherwise, without attempting to access the quotes of other participants when the expected price improvement would not be significant. In providing the three cent de minimis exemption, the Commission believed that, on balance, exempting the specified transactions from the ITS trade-through provisions would provide investors increased liquidity and expand the choice of execution venues, while limiting the possibility that investors would receive significantly inferior prices.9
In May 2003, the Commission extended the three cent de minimis exemption for an additional nine-months, in order to assess trading data associated with the de minimis exemption and to consider whether to adopt the de minimis exemption on a permanent basis, to adopt some other alternative solution, or to allow the exemption to expire. As a result of its review of trading data associated with the de minimis exemption, the Commission has proposed, as part of its market structure initiatives, Regulation NMS under the Act, which would include a new rule relating to trade-throughs.10 Over the next several months, the Commission intends to consider proposed Regulation NMS, together with any comments received, and determine whether to adopt the proposed trade-through rule or an alternative.
In view of the foregoing, the Commission believes that an extension of the de minimis exemption for an additional nine-month period is consistent with the public interest, the protection of investors, the maintenance of fair and orderly markets and the removal of impediments to, and perfection of the mechanisms of, a national market system. Depending on the action the Commission takes on proposed Regulation NMS prior to December 4, 2004, the Commission may determine to modify, withdraw, or extend the de minimis exemption. The Commission emphasizes, as it did in the May 2003 Order and in the August 2002 Order, that the de minimis exemption does not relieve brokers and dealers of their best execution obligations under the federal securities laws and SRO rules.
Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED, pursuant to Section 11A of the Act and Rule 11Aa3-2(f) thereunder,11 that participants of the ITS Plan and their members are hereby exempt from Section 8(d) of the ITS Plan during the period covered by this Order with respect to transactions in QQQs, DIAs, and SPYs that are executed at a price that is no more than three cents lower than the highest bid displayed in CQS and no more than three cents higher than the lowest offer displayed in CQS. This Order extends the de minimis exemption from March 4, 2004 through December 4, 2004.
By the Commission.
Jill M. Peterson