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Commission Amicus / Friend of the Court Briefs

This page provides links to some of the legal briefs the Commission's staff submitted in various court actions. See also:

 Commission Appellate Court Briefs

 Request for Commission Amicus Participation in a Pending Case

"Friend of the Court" Briefs

Date Case
Feb. 2014 Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc.:
The Commission joined an amicus brief that the Solicitor General filed in the Supreme Court, arguing that the Court should not overturn the fraud-on-the-market presumption adopted in Basic v. Levinson, 485 U.S. 224 (1988) and that representative plaintiffs who invoke the presumption when seeking relief for violations of Section 10(b) and Rule 10b-5 need not prove price impact in order to obtain certification of a class under Federal Rule of Procedure 23(b)(3).
Feb. 2014 Liu Meng-Lin v. Siemens AG:
The Commission's amicus brief in the Second Circuit Court of Appeals addresses Commission Rule 21F-2(b)(1), 17 C.F.R. 240.21F-2(b)(1), which interprets the anti-retaliation provisions of Section 21F(h)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, 15 U.S.C. 78u-6(h)(1), to extend to any individual who engages in any of the whistleblowing activities described in Section 21F(h)(1)(A), irrespective of whether the individual makes a separate whistleblower report to the Commission. The brief demonstrates that the interpretation adopted in Rule 21F-2(b)(1) warrants judicial deference because it is a permissible construction of the statutory language and it advances important policy objectives, including encouraging internal company reporting of potential wrongdoing in appropriate circumstances. Moreover, in accordance with 17 C.F.R. 200.30-14(b), the Commission has delegated authority to the Office of the General Counsel to file substantively similar briefs, as it deems appropriate, in other cases in which the validity of Rule 21F-2(b)(1) is challenged.
Jun. 2013 Finnerty v. Stiefel Laboratories, Inc., and Charles W. Stiefel:
The Commission's amicus brief in the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals argues that, in general, a corporation is considered an insider with regard to its duty to either disclose or abstain under Section 10(b) of the Exchange Act when trading in its shares on the basis of material, non-public information; and in particular, a privately-held company has a duty to disclose or abstain when repurchasing its shares from its stockholder-employees on the basis of material, non-public information.
Jun. 2013 Fezzani v. Bear, Stearns & Co.:
The Commission filed an amicus curiae brief in the Second Circuit Court of Appeals arguing that a divided panel incorrectly ruled (over Judge Lohier's dissent) that a defendant, who entered into sham securities transactions designed to give the false appearance of market activity, is shielded from liability for manipulation under Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 or Commission Rule 10b-5 because the defendant did not also make false or misleading statements to investors.
Apr. 2013 Roth v. Goldman Sachs:
The Commission's amicus brief in the Second Circuit Court of Appeals explains that under Rule 16b-6(d), 17 C.F.R. 140.16b-6(d), the expiration of a short call option is treated as a purchase that is matched to the writing the of the option, which is treated as a sale under Rule 16b-6(a), 17 C.F.R. 240.16b-6(a). The Commission further explained that the plain language of Section 16(b) of the Exchange Act of 1934, 15 U.S.C. 78p(b), requires that when the writer of the short call option is a ten percent beneficial owner, the writer must still be a ten percent beneficial owner at the time the option expires unexercised before it is required to disgorge short-swing profits under Rule 16b-6(d).
Aug. 2011 Tamer Salameh v. Tarsadia Hotel:
The Commission filed an amicus curiae brief in the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals arguing that a series of related contracts offered by hotel developers involving the sale and rental management of individual hotel rooms constituted investment contracts under the federal securities laws where, from the time the sales commenced, the purchasers had so little use or control of the rooms that they had no practical alternative but to ultimately rely on the developers to rent the rooms for a share of the resulting profits.
Nov. 2010 Janus Capital Group, Inc. v. First Derivative Traders:
The Commission and the Solicitor General filed an amicus brief in the Supreme Court arguing that the investment adviser for a group of mutual funds could be held primarily liable under Section 10(b) of the Exchange Act for having made misleading statements in fund prospectuses even though the prospectuses were issued in the names of the funds and the misleading statements were not expressly attributed to the adviser.
Jul. 2010 Keith Klopfenstein v. Administrative Review Board, United States Department of Labor:
Amicus curiae brief filed by the Commission in the Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit recommending that Section 806 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act should be construed as applying to an employee of a private contractor, subcontractor, or agent of a public company where the employee engaged in “protected activity” with respect to that public company, and not limit Section 806’s application to only those cases where the contractor, subcontractor, or agent retaliates at the direction of a public company.
Jul. 2010 Carri S. Johnson v. Seimens Building Technologies, Inc. and Siemens AG:
In response to a request from the Administrative Review Board of the Department of Labor, the Commission submitted an amicus brief urging the Review Board to hold that, in order to effectuate the Congressional intent to prevent fraud by improving the accuracy of financial statements of reporting companies, the whistleblower protection provision of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, Section 806, should be interpreted to extend protection to the employees of non-public subsidiaries whose financial results are reported on a consolidated basis with those of the parents in the parent financial statements.
Feb. 2010 Morrison v. National Australia Bank Ltd.:
The Commission and the Solicitor General filed an amicus curiae brief in the Supreme Court of the United States recommending a framework to determine whether Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act (and Rule 10b-5 thereunder) applies to transnational securities frauds involving overseas injuries experienced by foreign investors. The brief explains that a violation of Section 10(b) exists if the transnational securities fraud involves significant conduct in the United States that was material to the fraud's success. Where the U.S. conduct satisfies this standard, the Commission may maintain a civil enforcement action under Section 10(b). For foreign investors to maintain a private securities fraud action, however, the brief argues that an additional showing is required; they must demonstrate that the U.S. conduct was a direct cause of their overseas injury.
Jan. 2010 Slayton, et al. v. American Express Company, et al.:
Amicus brief submitted to the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, taking the following positions concerning the safe harbor for certain forward-looking statements in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: (1) that the provision of the safe harbor excluding forward-looking statements made in a "financial statement prepared in accordance with [GAAP]" does not exclude from the safe harbor forward-looking statements made in the Management Discussion and Analysis section of a Form 10-Q; (2) that an explanatory note in a Form 10-Q indicating that the use of certain forward-looking words is intended to identify a statement as forward-looking generally should be sufficient to "identify[y]" a statement "as a forward-looking statement" under the safe harbor; (3) that misleading risk disclosure cannot be considered “meaningful cautionary statements identifying important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statement” under the safe harbor; and (4) that a person has “actual knowledge” that a statement of projection or expectation is misleading under the safe harbor if the person subjectively knows that he or she has no reasonable basis upon which to make the statement.
Dec. 2009 Liberty Property Trust and Liberty Property Limited Partnership v. Republic Properties Corporation, Steven A. Grigg and Richard L. Kramer:
Amicus brief submitted to the Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit arguing that limited partnership units in the umbrella, or operating, partnership of a real estate investment trust are "securities" within the meaning of the federal securities laws.
Oct. 2009 Merck & Co., Inc., et al. v. Reynolds, et al:
Amicus curiae brief filed in the Supreme Court by the Commission and the Solicitor General arguing that the limitations period for a private securities fraud claim under 28 U.S.C. 1658(b)(1) does not begin to run until the plaintiff has actually discovered, or in the exercise of reasonable diligence ought to have discovered, facts demonstrating that all the elements of a securities-fraud violation can be established.
Oct. 2009 Morrison v. National Australia Bank Ltd.:
Amicus curiae brief filed in the Supreme Court by the Commission and the Solicitor General recommending that the Court not grant a petition for certiorari in this private securities litigation. The brief discusses the standard to be applied to determine whether the antifraud provisions of the federal securities laws apply to transnational securities frauds involving foreign purchasers who bought a foreign issuer's securities on a foreign exchange, but where significant aspects of the fraudulent conduct occurred in the United States.
Aug. 2009 Jack R. T. Jordan v. Sprint Nextel Corporation:
Amicus curiae brief filed by the Commission with the United States Department of Labor's Administrative Review Board recommending that the Board hold that when an attorney brings a whistleblower action under Section 806 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act, he or she may introduce any report that he or she has made pursuant to the Commission's Part 205 Attorney-Conduct Rules, and any responses thereto, when such reports are probative and material to the attorney's claim of illegal retaliation or to refute a defense thereto.
Jun. 2009 Capital Management Select Fund Ltd. et al. v. Phillip R. Bennett et al.:
Amicus brief submitted to the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit arguing that: (1) a brokerage firm customer has standing to bring a private damages action under Section 10(b) when the brokerage firm sells the customer's securities without authorization and converts the proceeds to its own use; and (2) deceptive representations proscribed by Section 10(b) and Rule 10b-5 are not limited to express misrepresentations but also include broker-dealer conduct inconsistent with the shingle theory's implied representation of fair dealing in accordance with standards of the profession.
Jun. 2009 Jones v. Harris Associates L.P.:
In a brief amicus curiae to the Supreme Court in which the Commission joined, the United States expresses its views as to how a court should ascertain whether a fund adviser has complied with its fiduciary duty with respect to the receipt of compensation for services under Section 36(b) of the Investment Advisers Act.
Apr. 2009 Trainer Wortham & Co., Inc., et al. v. Betz:
Amicus curiae brief filed in the Supreme Court by the Commission and the Solicitor General arguing that a potential plaintiff is on "inquiry notice" regarding a private securities-fraud claim under 28 U.S.C. 1658(b) when he has reason to suspect that the defendant made a false statement with the scienter necessary to constitute a violation of the securities laws, not when he has reason to suspect that the defendant only made a false statement.
Sep. 2008 In re Pet Quarters, Inc.:
Amicus brief in which the Commission urged that purported state law claims against entities that operate components of the national securities clearance and settlement system in compliance with Commission-approved rules are preempted by the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
Sep. 2008 In re National Australia Bank Litigation:
Amicus brief submitted to the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit urging the standard to be applied to determine whether the antifraud provisions of the federal securities laws apply to transnational securities frauds involving foreign purchasers who bought a foreign issuer's securities on a foreign exchange, but where significant aspects of the fraudulent conduct occurred in the United States.
Jul. 2007 Mark Levy v. Sterling Holding Company, LLC., National Semiconductor Corporation, and Fairchild Semiconductor International, Inc.:
The Commission filed an amicus brief defending its authority under Section 16(b) of the Exchange Act to exempt acquisitions from an issuer by its officers and directors in Rule 16b-3(d) and to exempt reclassifications in Rule 16b-7. The Commission also urged that the 2005 amendments to these rules be found applicable transactions that took place prior to the adoption of the amendments.
Feb. 2007 Tellabs, Inc. v. Makor Issues & Rights, Ltd.:
Amicus curiae brief filed in the Supreme Court by the Commission and the Solicitor General addressing the interpretation of the heightened pleading requirement for scienter under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.
Jan. 2007 Roth v. Perseus, LLD et al.:
Amicus brief submitted to the Second Circuit defending the validity Rule 16b-3(d) under the Exchange Act, which exempts from Section 16(b) liability certain transactions between an issuer and its officers and directors, and also arguing that a person who is director by virtue of having deputized another person to represent him on the issuer’s board may take advantage of Rule 16b-3(d)’s exemption regardless of whether he is also a holder of ten percent or more of any class of the issuer’s equity securities.
Nov. 2006 In re HealthSouth Securities Litigation:
The safe harbor from registration provided by Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933 is not invalidated as to a transaction that substantively and procedurally complies with the Rule solely because of the alleged motives of the security offeror in choosing to rely on that safe harbor.
Sep. 2006 United States v. J. Kenneth Stringer, III, et al.:
Amicus brief submitted to Ninth Circuit which addresses (1) the vital importance of cooperation between the Commission staff and criminal authorities conducting their own investigations, and (2) the adequacy of the warnings contained in Commission Form 1662 which advise witnesses in Commission civil investigations of their right to decline to testify in accordance with their Fifth Amendment rights, of the likelihood that information provided to the Commission will be shared with other agencies, and of potential conflicts of interest with counsel representing multiple parties.
May 2006 Bruh v. BessemerVenture Partners III, L.P. and VistaCare, Inc.:
Amicus curiae brief requested by the Second Circuit construing the Commission's rules promulgated under Section 16(b) as applied to the purchase of a derivative security and arguing that the 2005 amendment to Rule 16b-7 (which clarifies the rule's application to reclassifications) is permissibly retroactive; that Rule 16b-7 exempted reclassification's even before the 2005 amendment to the rule and that the Commission has authority to exempt reclassifications under Section 16(b).
Feb. 2006 At Home Corporation v. Cox Communications, Inc., et al.:
Brief Addressing (1) the application of Section 16(b), and the rules promulgated under Section 16(b), to hybrid derivative securities; (2) whether the purchase by one company, that is an insider of an issuer, of another company, that holds issuer securities, constitutes a purchase under Section 16(b) of the issuer securities held by the company being bought; and (3) what level of deference is owed by the court to the Commission's amicus brief.
Feb. 2006 Nanopierce Technologies, Inc., et al. vs. The Depository Trust and Clearing Corporation, et al.:
Amicus curiae brief in the Nevada Supreme Court taking the position that the federal regulatory regime under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 preempts the state-law claims asserted in this case, which seek to impose liability on registered clearing agencies for their operation of key components of the national securities clearance and settlement system in accordance with Commission-approved rules, and for their failure to disclose certain alleged defects in that system.
See also: Letter submitted by the Commission to the Nevada Supreme Court in response to the Amicus Brief of the North American Securities Administrators Association, returned unfiled; filed with the U.S. District Court by defendants in Whistler Investments, Inc. v. DTCC, et al., CV-S-05-0634 RCJ (D. Nev.)
Apr. 2005 Dreiling v. American Express Travel Related Services, Inc.:
Amicus brief in which the Commission urged that it acted within its authority in adopting Rule 16b-3(d), which exempts certain grants, awards, and other acquisitions of an issuer's securities by its officers and directors from the short-swing recovery provision in Section 16(b) and that, to the extent a person is a director by having "deputized" someone to be a director on its behalf, and is thereby subject to Section 16, exemptive Rule 16b-3(d) also applies to that person, but for that rule to apply, the board approving the transaction to be covered by the rule must be aware that the deputizing person is a director.
Mar. 2005 Billing v. Credit Suisse First Boston:
Amicus letter brief where, in response to request from court of appeals, Commission took the position that challenged conduct by underwriters conducting initial public offerings was immune from antitrust liability.
Dec. 2004 Edelson v. Ch'ien:
Amicus Curiae brief where the Commission took the position (1) that former member of a company's board of directors, who complains that he was improperly voted off the board, has standing to bring a private right of action under Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act when the former member of the board is also a shareholder of the company who complains that his right to wage a proxy contest was foreclosed by the lack of a Schedule 13D disclosure and (2) that Section 13(d) is not limited in its application to tender offers and contests for control if a company.
Oct. 2004 T. Jeffrey Simpson, on behalf of himself and all others similarly situated, and California State Teachers' Retirement System v. Homestore.com, Inc.; et al.:
Amicus curiae brief addressing the appropriate test for finding a defendant to be a primary violator rather than an aider and abettor in a scheme to defraud under Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act and Rule 10b-5(a)
See also: Amicus curiae reply brief
Sep. 2004 Dura Pharmaceuticals, Inc. v. Broudo:
At the request of the Supreme Court, the Commission and the Solicitor General filed a brief urging the Court to grant certiorari to resolve a split among the circuits regarding the proper standing for pleading and proving loss causation. This brief may also be found on the USDOJ Solicitor General's web site.
Aug. 2004 AIG Asian Infrastructure Fund, L.P. v. Chase Manhattan Ltd.:
Amicus curiae brief addressing whether the lengthened statute of limitations in Section 804 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 applies to actions brought after the enactment of Sarbanes-Oxley for claims that had already lapsed under the previous limitations period.
Jul. 2004 Kapps v. Torch Offshore Corp.:
Amicus curiae brief urging that the mere fact that undisclosed information is not firm-specific, or that the information is publicly available, does not automatically mean the omission of that information from a disclosure document can never be material.
Jun. 2004 Merritt v. Merrill Lynch & Co.:
Amicus curiae brief urging that the mere fact that information could be discovered somewhere in the public domain does not mean that it can never be materially misleading to omit that information from a disclosure document or other statement.
Apr. 2004 In re WorldCom Securities Litigation (Hevesi):
Amicus curiae brief addressing whether the fraud-on-the-market presumption of reliance is applicable to analysts' public material misreresentations
PDF version
Mar. 2004 Dreiling v. Jain:
Amicus brief advising that in calculating short-swing profits under Section 16(b) the district court improperly disregarded the offsetting obligation incurred by the defendants to return the shares or, at a minimum, to pay to a trust the market value of the shares at the time of acquisition, and further advising that, if the insider's acquisition of escrow securities is determined to be a "purchase" by him or her, the insider is entitled to the exemption in Rule 16a-9 for his or her subsequent acquisition of stock split shares derived from the escrow shares.
Feb. 2004 McKesson Corporation v. Charles W. McCall and Jay M. Lapine:
Amicus curiae brief addressing whether production to the SEC during a law enforcement investigation of work product prepared during a corporation's internal investigation waives work-product protection where corporation enters into a confidentiality agreement with the SEC
Feb. 2004 United States v. David Kay and Douglas Murphy:
Criminal prosecution brought under the anti-bribery provision of Section 30A of the Exchange Act (the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act or "FCPA"). Amicus curiae brief in support of appellant and urging reversal of the district court's decision
Sep. 2003 P. Stolz Family Partnership L.P. v. Steven B. Daum, Paula B. Daum, Philip Spies and Smart World Technologies, LLC:
The Commission's amicus brief construes Section 13 of the Securities Act of 1933, the three-year period of repose to begin to run when the security is first offered to the public and also advises the Second Circuit that the period does not run when an offering is conducted as a "private" as opposed to "public" offering.
Jul. 2003 McKesson HBOC, Inc. v. Superior Court of San Francisco:
Amicus curiae brief addressing whether production to the SEC during a law enforcement investigation of work product prepared during a corporation's internal investigation waives work-product protection where corporation enters into a confidentiality agreement with the SEC
Feb. 2003 Mark Levy v. Sterling Holding Company, LLC, National Semiconductor Corporation, and Fairchild Semiconductor International, Inc.:
Amicus curiae brief filed in support of the appellee's petition for rehearing, arguing that a panel of the court incorrectly construed two rules exempting transactions from Section 16(b) of the Securities Exchange Act.
Dec. 2002 In re Initial Public Offering Antitrust Litigation:
Memorandum Amicus Curiae Submitted at the Request of the Court. The Commission urged that alleged conduct by the underwriters of initial public offerings was immune from antitrust challenge because of the Congressionally established regulatory regime applicable to those underwritings.
Sep. 2002 NASD Dispute Resolution, Inc. and New York Stock Exchange, Inc., v. Judicial Council of California, et al.:
Amicus Curiae Brief Addressing Whether California's Standards for Arbitrator Disclosure and Disqualification are Preempted by Federal Law to the Extent They Apply to the Arbitration Systems of the NASD, Inc. and the New York Stock Exchange, Inc.
(Also available in PDF Format: nasddispute.pdf)
Jun. 2002 Gryl v. Shire Pharmaceuticals Group:
Amicus Curiae Brief, filed at the request of the court, on whether stock transactions effected as part of a merger were exempt from Section 16(b) of the Securities Exchange Act.
Jan. 2002 Camden Asset Management, L.P., et al., v. Arthur Andersen LLP et al.
Amicus Curiae Brief Addressing Why Restated Financial Statements and Report Prepared by Auditors for the Board of Directors Explaining and Summarizing the Restated Financial Statements Are Admissible Under Federal Rules of Evidence 403, 407, 803 and 807
Dec. 2001 Olmsted and Olmsted v. Pruco Life Insurance Company and Prudential Insurance Company
Amicus Curiae Brief Addressing the Availability of Rescission as a Remedy for the Charging of Excessive Fees Under the Investment Company Act.
Jul. 2001 Alan Friedman, et al. v. Salomon Smith Barney, Inc., et al.
Amicus Brief Addressing Antitrust Immunity for Certain Stabilizing Conduct by Underwriters Following Public Offerings of Securities.
May 2001 McKesson HBOC Inc. and HBO & Company v. Melvin Adler
Amicus Curiae Brief Addressing Whether Production to SEC During a Law Enforcement Investigation of Work Product Prepared During a Corporation's Internal Investigation Waives Work-Product Protection Where Corporation Enters into a Confidentiality Agreement with SEC
Mar. 2001 Levy v. Southbrook International Investments, LTD
Amicus brief in which the Commission advised that where there is a binding conversion cap that denies an investor the right to acquire 10% of the underlying equity securities of an issuer, the investor is not, by virtue of his or her ownership of convertible securities, the beneficial owner of more than 10% of those securities, and also advised that floating rate derivative securities are included in the 10% beneficial ownership determination.
May 2000 Schaffer v. CC Investments, LDC, et al.
Amicus brief advising that the Commission had the power to adopt Rule 16a-1(a)(1) defining "beneficial owner" for purposes of Section 16 under its rulemaking and definitional authority contained in Sections 3(b) and 23(a) of the Exchange Act.
Dec. 2000 Cendant Corp. Litig, New York City Pension Funds
Amicus Curiae Brief in Support of Appellants on the Issues Specified
Mar. 2000 Feder v. Frost
Amicus brief in which the Commission advised, with respect to the Rule 16a-1(a)(2)(iii) safe harbor for corporate holdings, that an insider under Section 16 has an indirect pecuniary interest in portfolio securities bought or sold by a corporation in which he or she has a substantial ownership interest and a controlling influence, unless the insider can show that in fact he or she could not have caused or prevented the securities transaction.
Mar. 2000 Morales v. Quintel Entertainment, Inc.
Amicus brief advising that a section 13(d) beneficial ownership group may exist even if it does not have a common objective that is related to corporate control, and also advising (1) that an agreement to exchange an asset for securities may manifest a purpose to acquire the securities and (2) that lock-up provisions, in appropriate circumstances, may demonstrate an agreement to hold and/or dispose of securities.
Feb. 2000 Raymond Moore; et al. v. United States District Court of the Northern District of California, Respondent, Network Associates, Inc., et al., Real Parties in Interest
Amicus Curiae Brief in Support of Real Party in Interest Vatuone on the Issue Specified
Nov. 1999 Frank W. Knisley, et al., v. Network Associates, Inc., et al.:
Amicus Curiae Brief Addressing the Referral Fee Provision of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act
Aug. 1999 Ari Parnes, James Field, and Charles D. Chalmers, et al., v. Digital Lightwave, Inc., et al.:
Amicus Curiae Brief Addressing the Role of the Lead Plaintiff Under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act and Its Effect on the Consideration of a Proposed Settlement and Fee Award
May 1999 Robin Switzenbaum, et al., v. Orbital Sciences Corporation, David R. Thompson, and Jeffrey V. Pirone:
Amicus Curiae Brief Addressing Issues Under the Lead Plaintiff Provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act
Apr. 1999 In Re the Baan Company Securities Litigation (Laure Salerno, on behalf of herself and all others similarly situated v. Baan Company, N.V., et al.:
Amicus Curiae Brief Addressing Issues Under the Lead Plaintiff Provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act
Mar. 1999 Dorothy D. Bragdon, on behalf of herself and all others similarly situated, Plaintiffs v. Telxon Corporation, et al.:
Amicus Curiae Brief Addressing Appointment of Lead Plaintiff and Multiple Lead Counsel Under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act
Dec. 1998 Milestone Scientific (Securities Litigation):
Amicus Curiae Brief Addressing Appointment of Multiple Lead Counsel Under the Litigation Reform Act
Accompanying Litigation Release – lr15991.txt
Oct. 1998 Laperriere V. Vesta Insurance Group, Inc.:
Amicus Curiae Brief Addressing Issues Under the Lead Plaintiff Provisions of the Litigation Reform Act
Table of Contents/Table of Authorities –vestatbl.txt
Apr. 1998 Klein v. Boyd:
Brief of the Securities and Exchange Commission, Amicus Curiae;  klein.pdf (use Adobe Acrobat® to view the PDF file)
Mar. 1997 Silicon Graphics, Inc.:
Brief of the Securities and Exchange Commission, Amicus Curiae
Sep. 1996 United States of America v. James Herman O'Hagan:
Brief of the Securities and Exchange Commission, Amicus Curiae
May 1996 Alan Richards, et al., and John Norton, et al., v. Lloyd's of London, et al.:
Brief of the Securities and Exchange Commission, Amicus Curiae

http://www.sec.gov/litigation/amicusbriefs.shtml


Modified: 02/24/2014