October 12, 2008
I strongly oppose adopting IFRS in place of US GAAP. I am not an accountant, but something more important, a user of financial statements. I am a life actuary and a financial analyst. I have been on both the preparation and use sides of accounting statements over the last 20+ years.
My first critique is that there is nothing that is that big of an improvement over US GAAP in IFRS, and many areas that seem less accurate. I will handle those later. My point here is that in order to justify the costs of retraining accountants and financial analysts, what ever is put into place needs to be a large improvement over GAAP. IFRS is not that. It will impose big costs on US corporations to re-tool their accounting, and the small corporations will be disproportionately affected. In the end, I dont think we will have materially better financial statements.
Perhaps accounting consulting fees will rise in the short run from the conversion, but that it not a reason to put the rest of us through the wringer. Just as laws are too important to be left to lawyers only, in the same way, accounting standards are too important to be left to accountants only.
Second, there have been a number of studies done that show that US GAAP confers an advantage of lower capital costs on companies that use it versus IFRS. Why raise capital costs on US corporations?
Third, IFRS will not unify accounting standards around the world, because the national implementations of IFRS are significantly different. Heres an idea, though: Call US GAAP an implementation of IFRS. WHo knows, it might become the preferred IFRS because of its relative strictness.
Fourth, IFRS is more squishy than GAAP because it is principles-based. We use rules-based systems in the US because they offer legal protection regarding fraud in securities laws. I would argue that IFRS is actually rules-based also, but with a less-tested set of rules. The rules of US GAAP are large because they have grown to meet the complexities of accounting in the modern economy. More below.
Fifth, the additional squishiness/flexibility will make it more difficult to compare results across companies, making the job of securities analysts more difficult.
Sixth, US GAAP is more investor-focused than IFRS. Thats why it lowers capital costs.
Seventh, value investors will benefit from IFRS because the income statements and balance sheets will be less reliable, which will force more investors to the cash flow statement, which is harder to fuddle. Average investors will have a harder time investing, to the extent that they look at financial statements.
Eighth, does Congress really want to give up its sovereignty over US accounting rules? I think not all it will take is one significant scandal, and Congress will move away from IFRS. The pressure toward globalization is weaker than most think.
Ninth, IFRS is weaker when it comes to revenue recognition, joint ventures, and accounting for fixed assets and intangibles. In general, the ability to revise asset valuations up should be limited or nonexistent. The ability to be flexible in recognizing revenue should be similarly limited.
In the American context, where we have dispersed ownership, we need conservative accounting rules that are comparable across companies. The proposed move from US GAAP to IFRS is a step backward. Please do not sacrifice our relatively good accounting standards for something less accurate and applicable to the needs of our nation and its securities markets.
David J. Merkel, CFA, FSA