10-K 1 aec201210k.htm 10-K aec 2012 10K


 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
Form 10-K
 
[x] ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2012
 
OR
 
[ ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from to Commission File Number 1-12486
 
Associated Estates Realty Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
OHIO
 
34-1747603
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
 
1 AEC Parkway, Richmond Heights, Ohio 44143-1550
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
Registrant's telephone number, including area code (216) 261-5000
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
TITLE OF EACH CLASS
 
NAME OF EACH EXCHANGE ON WHICH REGISTERED
Common Shares, without par value
 
New York Stock Exchange, Inc.
 
 
Nasdaq Global Market
 
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes x  No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ¨   No x
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x  No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (subsection 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x  No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. £
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer x  Accelerated filer ¨ Non-accelerated filer ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨  No x
 
The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant was $705.8 million as of June 30, 2012.
 
The number of Common Shares outstanding as of February 12, 2013 was 50,186,951.
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE (To the Extent Indicated Herein).
 
Notice of Annual Meeting and Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 8, 2013 (in Part III).





ASSOCIATED ESTATES REALTY CORPORATION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FORM 10-K ANNUAL REPORT
FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2012
 
 
 
 
 
Item
 
PART I
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1A.
 
 
1B.
 
 
2.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3.
 
 
4.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PART II
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5.
 
 
 
 
 
and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
6.
 
 
7.
 
 
 
 
 
Condition and Results of Operations
 
7A.
 
 
8.
 
 
9.
 
 
 
 
 
on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
 
9A.
 
 
9B.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PART III
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10.
 
 
11.
 
 
12.
 
 
 
 
 
and Related Shareholder Matters
 
13.
 
 
14.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PART IV
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15.
 
 

2



PART I
Except as the context otherwise requires, all references to "we," "our," "us" and the "Company" in this report collectively refer to Associated Estates Realty Corporation ("AERC") and its consolidated subsidiaries.
Item 1. Business
GENERAL
We are a fully integrated, self-administered and self-managed equity real estate investment trust ("REIT"). We are publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange ("NYSE") and the Nasdaq Global Market ("NASDAQ") under the ticker symbol "AEC." Our headquarters, located at 1 AEC Parkway in Richmond Heights, Ohio, is comprised of one office building of approximately 42,000 square feet and two adjacent parcels of land containing approximately 1.1 and 3.0 acres, respectively, all of which are suitable for further development or expansion and all of which we own under a long-term ground lease.
We specialize in multifamily ownership, operation, acquisition, development, construction, disposition and property management activities. We own a taxable REIT subsidiary that performs general contracting and construction services for our own account in connection with the development of multifamily properties that we own and operate. This taxable REIT subsidiary also previously performed construction services for third parties. In 2011, we decided to exit the third party construction services business and our work under all third party construction contracts was substantially completed as of December 31, 2011. As of December 31, 2012, our operating property portfolio consisted of 52 owned apartment communities containing 13,950 units in ten states. See Item 2 for a state-by-state listing of our portfolio. Additionally, in May 2012, in conjunction with our acquisition of land for development of an apartment community, we acquired an office building in Los Angeles, California containing approximately 78,800 total square feet of office and retail space. Our consolidated financial statements include the accounts of all subsidiaries, including the taxable REIT subsidiary, which is separately taxed for federal income tax purposes as a Taxable REIT Subsidiary ("TRS") under the REIT Modernization Act ("RMA") implemented in 1999. Our consolidated financial statements also include a partnership in which we own a 90.0% equity interest, a partnership in which we own a 97.0% equity interest and an Operating Partnership structured as a DownREIT that owns one of our apartment communities in Florida and in which we own 97.6% equity interest.
BUSINESS SEGMENTS
Substantially all of our properties are multifamily communities that have similar characteristics. Management evaluates the performance of our properties on an individual basis. Our multifamily properties provided approximately 99.4% of our consolidated revenue for 2012; as a result, we determined that we have only one reportable segment, which is multifamily properties. Our subsidiary, Merit Enterprises, Inc. ("Merit"), is a general contractor that acts as our in-house construction division. Merit also formerly provided general contracting and construction management services to third parties. We previously reported construction and other services as a separate segment; however, we are no longer engaged in the third party construction business and all third party projects were substantially completed at the end of 2011. We intend to continue to provide general contracting and construction services for our own account in connection with the development of multifamily properties we will own and operate.
OPERATING STRATEGY AND BUSINESS OBJECTIVES
See Part II, Item 7, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" of this report on Form 10-K for additional discussion of our 2013 outlook and strategy.

3



Acquisition/Disposition. Our acquisition/disposition strategy in recent years has been to buy properties located outside of the Midwest and to sell properties where market conditions are such that the reinvestment of cash proceeds derived from a sale are expected to provide, over time, a significantly greater return on equity, an increase in cash flow or further enhance our strategic objectives. In 2012, we acquired four properties for an approximate total purchase price of approximately $162.6 million. Three of the properties, totaling 760 units, are located in the Raleigh/Durham submarket and the fourth is a 396-unit property located in Dallas, Texas. In addition, in 2012, we acquired land for development of an apartment community in Los Angeles, California that also includes a building containing approximately 78,800 total square feet of office and retail space. The aggregate purchase price for the land and building was approximately $37.3 million. In 2012, we sold six properties containing 1,356 units, one in Georgia, one in Central Ohio and four in Western Michigan for a combined sales price of approximately $67.3 million.
We continue to monitor acquisition opportunities in our existing markets, in particular Southeast Florida and Dallas, Texas. We have also identified Southern California as a strategic growth market for acquisition and development. We will consider opportunistic acquisition and development opportunities in other markets.
While most of our property sales have been comprised of Midwest and single property locations, we continually monitor the profitability of all of our properties. We will consider opportunistic sales of properties in any market, including our targeted growth markets, if we determine that the proceeds from such sales would provide a greater return on equity and increased cash flow when invested in other properties, used to fund development or applied to reduce debt.
During the three years ended December 31, 2012, we acquired 11 multifamily properties containing a total of 3,346 units for an aggregate total of approximately $554 million and we have sold 10 properties containing a total of 2,370 units for an aggregate of approximately $132 million.
Development. We intend to continue to execute our growth strategy by the development and construction of new properties. In 2012, we completed a new development property in Nashville, Tennessee comprising of 242 units. Additionally, during 2012, we acquired one parcel of land in Los Angeles, California, where we are pursuing development approvals and one parcel in Bethesda, Maryland for which we have received development approvals to build 140 apartment units and 7,000 square feet of ground floor retail space and where construction has commenced. During 2011, we acquired two parcels of land in Dallas, Texas. One of the two new communities will be located adjacent to our existing San Raphael property in North Dallas. We commenced development of this property during 2012. Our other Dallas land parcel is located in the Turtle Creek section adjacent to downtown Dallas and we have received development approvals to build 249 apartment units. See Note 3 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements presented in Part II, Item 8 of this report on Form 10-K.
Property Operations. We operate in many different markets and submarkets. Each of these markets may have characteristics that differ and, as a result, the degree to which we can increase rents varies between markets. However, our goal is to maximize property net operating income in all of our markets through a combination of increasing rents, maintaining occupancy levels and aggressively managing controllable operating expenses. Strategies to increase revenues include constant monitoring of our markets and submarkets, providing superior resident service and creating highly desirable communities in which to live. We leverage the power of the Internet through enhanced property websites and resident portals and by implementing resident billing programs for utilities and refuse collections. We use LROTM, a rental revenue software product that provides comprehensive submarket based statistical data to assist in maximizing rental revenue while remaining market competitive. We combine this data with our proprietary market knowledge and experience in our effort to maximize rental revenues and maintain high occupancy levels. We expect LROTM to continue to assist us in generating long term rent growth with daily, incremental rent changes. Our AEC Academy for Career Development provides training and support for our employees, which help us provide better trained, quality personnel at our communities while minimizing employee turnover. We aggressively manage controllable operating expenses through strategies such as utilizing centralized purchasing contracts benefiting multiple properties and through diligent upkeep and regular maintenance at our apartment communities.

4



Financing and Capital. Proceeds received from new debt, debt refinancings, property sales or equity issuances are invested based upon the expected return and the impact on our balance sheet. Increasing both our coverage ratios and the number of unencumbered assets have been two of our principal objectives. During the past three years, we continued to focus on lowering our cost of debt by financing, refinancing and prepaying debt. The weighted average interest rate on our total debt declined 250 basis points from 6.2% at December 31, 2009 to 3.7% at December 31, 2012. Our interest coverage ratio and fixed charge coverage ratios were 2.98:1 and 2.98:1, respectively, at December 31, 2012, up from 1.72:1 and 1.53:1, respectively, at December 31, 2009.
2012 and Year-to-Date 2013 Activities. On January 22, 2013, we completed the issuance of $150.0 million of unsecured senior notes. The notes were offered in a private placement with two maturity tranches: $63.0 million 8-year maturity at 4.02% and $87.0 million 10-year maturity at 4.45%.  The $150.0 million total issuance has a weighted average term of 9.2 years and a weighted average interest rate of 4.27%. Proceeds from the issuance were used to repay borrowings under our unsecured revolver, including amounts borrowed in December to repay two mortgages totaling approximately $33.6 million.
On October 19, 2012, we completed modifications to our unsecured term loan which included increasing the outstanding principal amount to $150.0 million from $125.0 million and extending the maturity date from June 2016 to January 2018. An investment grade pricing grid was also added to determine the interest rate on the loan upon our attaining investment grade credit ratings. Total costs associated with this modification were $600,000.
During 2012, we sold 681,178 shares under our $25.0 million at-the-market ("ATM") program for total gross proceeds of $11.3 million, or $11.1 million net of sales and commissions and other costs. The proceeds were used to reduce borrowings on our unsecured revolver and for general corporate purposes. At June 30, 2012, all $25.0 million of common shares available for issuance under the ATM had been sold and the program was completed. In August 2012, we entered into an at-the-market ("ATM") program registered with the SEC allowing us to sell up to $75.0 million of our common shares in open market transactions at-the-then market price per share. We intend to use the proceeds for general corporate purposes. There were no shares sold during 2012 under this program.
On June 27, 2012, we sold 6,325,000 of our common shares in an underwritten public offering at a price of $14.40 per share, which resulted in total net proceeds of approximately $87.2 million. Of the 6,325,000 shares sold in this offering, we issued all of the 3,403,333 common shares then remaining in treasury and 2,921,667 authorized and previously unissued common shares. The proceeds were used to fund property acquisitions and development and for general corporate purposes.
In January 2012, we increased our $250.0 million unsecured revolver to $350.0 million. This facility provides financial flexibility and the opportunity to capitalize on strategic acquisitions without the delays associated with financing contingencies. Our borrowing capacity under the revolver is a function of our unencumbered property pool. As of the date of this filing, the maximum amount of borrowings available to us under this revolver was $315.2 million.
2011 Activities. On June 3, 2011, we closed on a $125.0 million unsecured, five year term loan. This loan has a variable interest rate which was 1.92% at December 31, 2012, and matures June 2, 2016. Proceeds from the term loan were used to pay down borrowings outstanding on our $250.0 million unsecured revolver and for general corporate purposes. Debt procurement costs related to this loan were $1.0 million. The Company entered into a forward starting interest rate swap in December 2011 fixing the rate at 1.26% plus the credit spread (which is currently 1.7%), or an all-in rate of 2.96% beginning in June 2013 until June 2016. See Note 10 for additional information regarding this swap.
During 2011, we sold 788,676 shares under the ATM program for total gross proceeds of $13.7 million, or $13.3 million net of sales commissions and other costs. The proceeds were used to reduce borrowings on our unsecured revolver and for general corporate purposes.
2010 Activities. During 2010, we sold 23,575,000 of our common shares in three separate underwritten public offerings. The net proceeds from these offerings, which totaled $288.8 million, were used to (i) repay maturing debt, (ii) redeem all of our outstanding 8.7% Class B Series II Preferred Shares and Trust Preferred Securities, (iii) partially pay for three operating properties, (iv) acquire the land for our Vista Germantown, Nashville, Tennessee, development property that we have completed and stabilized in 2012, (v) repay borrowings on our unsecured revolver and (vi) for general corporate purposes.

5



General Contractor/Construction. Our subsidiary, Merit, is a general contractor that performs construction services for our own account in connection with the development of multifamily properties we own and operate. Merit also previously performed construction services for third parties. In 2011, we decided to exit the third party construction services business and our work under all third party construction contracts was substantially completed as of December 31, 2011. Among other things, we believe we will realize significant cost savings and improved quality of our development properties as a result of the in-house services performed by Merit.
INCOME TAXES
See Note 9 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements presented in Part II, Item 8 of this report on Form 10-K.
COMPETITIVE CONDITIONS
See Part II, Item 7, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" of this report on Form 10-K.
CUSTOMERS
Our business, taken as a whole, is not dependent upon any single customer or a few customers.
EMPLOYEES
On February 12, 2013, we employed approximately 410 people.
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS
See Item 1A. Risk Factors for information concerning the potential effects of environmental regulations on our operations.
AVAILABLE INFORMATION
Shareholders may obtain, free of charge from our Internet site at AssociatedEstates.com, a copy of our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as soon as reasonably practicable after we file such material electronically with, or furnish it to, the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC").
REPORTS TO SECURITY HOLDERS
We issue annual reports to our security holders that contain financial statements.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
We are subject to certain risks and uncertainties as described below. These risks and uncertainties are not the only ones we face and there may be additional risks that we do not presently know of or that we currently consider immaterial. All of these risks could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Our ability to pay dividends on, and the market price of, our equity securities may be adversely affected if any of such risks operate to result in a material adverse effect upon our operations and/or financial condition.

6



We are subject to risks inherent in the real estate business and operation of a REIT. We own and manage multifamily apartment communities that are subject to varying degrees of risk generally incident to the ownership of real estate. Our financial condition, the value of our properties and our ability to make distributions to our shareholders will be dependent upon our continued access to the debt and equity markets and our ability to operate our properties in a manner sufficient to generate income in excess of operating expenses and debt service charges, which may be affected by the following risks, some of which are discussed in more detail below:
changes in the economic climate in the markets in which we own and manage properties, including interest rates, the overall level of economic activity, the availability of consumer credit and mortgage financing, unemployment rates and other factors;
elimination of, or limitations on, federal government support for Fannie Mae and/or Freddie Mac that might result in significantly reduced availability of mortgage financing sources as well as increases in interest rates for mortgage financing;
our ability to refinance debt on favorable terms at maturity;
risks of a lessening of demand for the multifamily units that we own;
competition from other available multifamily units, single family units available for rental or purchase, and changes in market rental rates;
the failure of development projects or redevelopment activities to achieve expected results due to, among other causes, construction and contracting risks, unanticipated increases in materials and/or labor, and delays in project completion and/or lease-up that result in increased costs and/or reduce the profitability of a completed project;
increases in property and liability insurance costs;
unanticipated increases in real estate taxes and other operating expenses;
weather conditions that adversely affect operating expenses;
expenditures that cannot be anticipated such as utility rate and usage increases, and unanticipated repairs;
our inability to control operating expenses or achieve increases in revenue;
shareholder ownership limitations that may discourage a takeover otherwise considered favorably by shareholders;
the results of litigation filed or to be filed against us;
changes in tax legislation;
risks of personal injury claims and property damage related to mold claims that are not covered by our insurance;
catastrophic property damage losses that are not covered by our insurance;
our ability to acquire properties at prices consistent with our investment criteria;
risks associated with property acquisitions such as failure to achieve expected results or matters not discovered in due diligence; and
risks related to the perception of residents and prospective residents as to the attractiveness, convenience and safety of our properties or the neighborhoods in which they are located.

7



We are dependent on rental income from our multifamily apartment communities. If we are unable to attract and retain residents, or if our residents are unable to pay their rental obligations, our financial condition and funds available for distribution to our shareholders may be adversely affected.
Our multifamily apartment communities are subject to competition. Our apartment communities are located in developed areas that include other apartment communities and compete with other housing alternatives, such as condominiums, single and multifamily rental homes and owner occupied single and multifamily homes. In certain markets, such as Florida and North Carolina, failed condominium conversions or properties originally developed as condominiums are reverting to rentals, creating increasing competition in those markets. Foreclosed single family homes that become rental properties could create additional competition in certain of our markets. Such competition may affect our ability to attract and retain residents and to increase or maintain rental rates.
Our insurance may not be adequate to cover certain risks. There are certain types of risks, generally of a catastrophic nature, such as earthquakes, floods, windstorms, acts of war and terrorist attacks that may be uninsurable, are not economically insurable, or are not fully covered by insurance. Moreover, certain risks, such as mold and environmental exposures and certain employment related claims, generally are not covered by our insurance. Other risks are subject to various limits, sub-limits, deductibles and self insurance retentions, which help to control insurance costs, but which may result in increased exposures to uninsured losses. Significant uninsured losses could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Secured debt financing could adversely affect our performance. At December 31, 2012, 15 of our 52 properties were encumbered by project specific, non-recourse, and (except for five properties), non-cross-collateralized mortgage debt. There is a risk that these properties may not have sufficient cash flow from operations to pay required principal and interest. We may not be able to refinance these loans at an amount equal to the loan balance, and the terms of any refinancing may not be as favorable as the terms of existing indebtedness. If we are unable to make required payments on indebtedness that is secured by a mortgage, the property securing the mortgage may be foreclosed with a consequent loss of income and value to us. Although Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac continue to provide needed financing to qualified borrowers, such as us, there is no assurance that those mortgage capital sources will remain available or available on competitively favorable terms. Additional sources of secured financing are provided by life insurance companies and commercial banks, which from time-to-time offer terms competitive with Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. We believe that we currently have access to such financing at competitive terms; however, there can be no assurance that such financing will be available or that we will qualify for such financing in the future. In addition, there are currently numerous proposals before Congress that could curtail the lending ability of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
Financial covenants could limit our ability to achieve our strategic objectives. The agreements governing our unsecured credit facilities contain certain restrictions, requirements and other limitations on our ability to incur additional secured and unsecured debt, acquire additional land or development properties and make other strategic investments or business acquisitions or dispositions. These agreements also contain certain financial and operating covenants including, among other things, maintenance of certain financial ratios. Additionally, our unsecured notes contain certain provisions that mirror the requirements of our unsecured credit facilities. Our unsecured credit facilities and unsecured notes are cross-defaulted and also contain cross default provisions with all of our other outstanding indebtedness of $25.0 million or more.
Real estate investments are generally illiquid, and we may not be able to sell our properties when it is economically or strategically advantageous to do so. Real estate investments generally cannot be sold quickly, and our ability to sell properties may be adversely affected by market conditions. We may not be able to further diversify or vary our portfolio in accordance with our strategies or in response to economic or other conditions. In addition, provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"), limit the ability of a REIT to sell its properties in some situations when it may be economically advantageous to do so, thereby potentially adversely affecting our ability to make distributions to our shareholders.

8



Litigation may result in unfavorable outcomes. Like many real estate operators, we are frequently involved in lawsuits involving premises liability claims, housing discrimination claims and alleged violations of landlord-tenant laws, which may give rise to class action litigation or governmental investigations. Any material litigation not covered by insurance, such as a class action, could result in substantial costs being incurred.
The costs of complying with laws and regulations could adversely affect our cash flow. Our properties must comply with Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act (the "ADA") to the extent that they are "public accommodations" or "commercial facilities" as defined in the ADA. The ADA does not consider apartment communities to be public accommodations or commercial facilities, except for portions of such communities, such as our leasing offices, that are open to the public. In addition, the Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988 (the "FHAA") requires apartment communities first occupied after March 13, 1990, to be accessible to disabled individuals. Other state and local laws also require apartment communities to be disability accessible. The FHAA also prohibits discrimination against protected classes of individuals. Noncompliance with these laws could result in the imposition of fines or an award of damages to private litigants. We have been subject to lawsuits alleging violations of handicap design laws in connection with certain of our properties.
Under various federal, state and local laws, an owner or operator of real estate may be liable for the costs of removal or remediation of certain hazardous or toxic substances on, under or in the property. This liability may be imposed without regard to whether the owner or operator knew of, or was responsible for, the presence of the substances. Other laws impose on owners and operators certain requirements regarding conditions and activities that may affect human health or the environment. Failure to comply with applicable requirements could complicate our ability to lease or sell an affected property and could subject us to monetary penalties, costs required to achieve compliance and potential liability to third parties. Substantially all of our properties have been the subject of environmental assessments completed by qualified independent environmental consulting companies. While these environmental assessments have not revealed, nor are we aware of, any environmental liability that our management believes would have a material adverse effect, there can be no assurance that we will not incur such liabilities in the future. There have been an increasing number of lawsuits against owners and managers of multifamily properties alleging personal injury and property damage caused by the presence of mold in residential real estate. As some of these lawsuits have resulted in substantial monetary judgments or settlements, insurance carriers have reacted by excluding mold-related claims from standard policies and pricing mold endorsements at prohibitively high rates. While we have adopted programs designed to minimize the existence of mold in any of our properties as well as guidelines for promptly addressing and resolving reports of mold to minimize any impact mold might have on our residents and our properties, should mold become an issue in the future, our financial condition or results of operations may be adversely affected. Further, it is possible that material environmental contamination or conditions exist, or could arise in the future in our apartment communities or on the land upon which they are located or be present in land or improvements which we may acquire in the future.
Changes in applicable laws could adversely affect our operations or expose us to liability. In addition to the costs of compliance with applicable laws currently in effect, applicable laws are subject to change and new legislation may be enacted, all of which may have the effect of increasing our costs of compliance and/or exposing us to increased potential liabilities. Compliance with changes in: (i) laws increasing the potential liability for environmental conditions existing on properties or the restrictions on discharges or other conditions; (ii) rent control or rent stabilization laws; (iii) increased construction costs for additional accommodations for disabled residents; (iv) required employee benefits, such as health care coverage, or additional employer obligations; or (v) other governmental rules and regulations or enforcement policies affecting the use and operation of our communities, including changes to building codes and fire and life-safety codes, may result in lower revenue growth or significant unanticipated expenditures.

9



We are subject to risks associated with development, acquisition and expansion of multifamily apartment communities. Development projects, acquisitions and expansions of apartment communities are subject to a number of risks, including:
availability of acceptable financing;
competition with other entities for investment opportunities, development or construction services or tenants;
failure by our properties to achieve anticipated operating results;
development costs of a property exceeding estimates;
delays in construction of developments or expansions due to weather, required governmental approvals and/or unavailability of labor and materials;
expenditure of funds on, and the devotion of management time to, transactions that may not come to fruition; and
construction and construction business risks, including, without limitation, rapid and unanticipated increases in prices of building materials and commodities.
Failure to succeed in new markets or in activities ancillary to the development, ownership and operation of multifamily residential rental communities may adversely effect our operations. We may, from time to time, commence development activity or make acquisitions outside of our existing market areas when appropriate opportunities arise. Our experience in our existing markets in acquiring, developing, owning and operating multifamily rental communities does not ensure that we will be able to operate successfully in new markets when we choose to enter them.  Entering new markets may expose us to a variety of risks, including an inability to accurately evaluate local apartment market conditions; an inability to identify appropriate acquisition opportunities; an inability to hire and retain key personnel; and lack of familiarity with local governmental requirements.  Although we are primarily in the multifamily business, we may also own and lease ancillary retail or commercial office space when such ancillary rental activities are a component of our multifamily rental activities.  We may be unsuccessful in owning and leasing ancillary retail or commercial space at or adjacent to our residential communities, which could have an adverse effect on our results of operations.
We impose stock ownership limitations that may discourage a takeover otherwise considered favorable by shareholders. With certain limited exceptions, our Second Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation, as amended, prohibit the ownership of more than 4.0% of our outstanding common shares and more than 9.8% of the shares of any series of any class of our preferred shares by any person, (the "Ownership Limit"), unless we grant a waiver. Absent such a waiver, any shares owned in excess of such Ownership Limit are subject to repurchase by us and to other consequences as set forth in our Second Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation, as amended. A transfer of shares may be void if it causes a person to violate the Ownership Limit. The Ownership Limit could delay or prevent a change in control and, therefore, could adversely affect our security holders' ability to realize a premium over the then prevailing market price for their shares.
We have a shareholders rights plan which would delay or prevent a change in control. We also have a shareholders rights plan, which may be triggered if any person or group becomes the beneficial owner of, or announces an offer to acquire, 15.0% or more of our common shares. While our Board of Directors believes that our shareholders rights plan could assist in maximizing value for our shareholders in a change in control transaction, our shareholders rights plan is likely to have the effect of precluding acquisition of control of us without our consent.

10



We may fail to qualify as a REIT. Commencing with our taxable year ending December 31, 1993, we have operated in a manner so as to permit us to qualify as a REIT under the Code, and we intend to continue to operate in such a manner. Many of the REIT requirements, however, are highly technical and complex. We cannot, therefore, guarantee that we have qualified or will qualify in the future as a REIT. The determination that we are a REIT requires an analysis of various factual matters that may not be totally within our control. For example, to qualify as a REIT, our gross income must generally come from rental and other real estate or passive related sources that are itemized in the REIT tax laws. We are also required to distribute to security holders at least 90.0% of our REIT taxable income excluding capital gains. If we were to fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, we would not be allowed a deduction for distributions to our shareholders in computing our taxable income and would be subject to federal income tax (including any applicable alternative minimum tax) on our taxable income at regular corporate rates. Unless we are entitled to relief under certain Code provisions, we also would be disqualified from treatment as a REIT for the four taxable years following the year during which REIT qualification was lost. As a result, the cash available for distribution to our shareholders could be reduced or eliminated for each of the years involved.
Changes in tax laws could adversely affect the value of our common stock. If Congress enacts legislation that eliminates the REIT provisions from the Code or otherwise decreases the advantages of qualified REIT status under the Code, such as imposing a direct tax on some or all of our real estate related income, such legislation would likely have an adverse impact upon the market value of our common stock and might also result in a reduction of the dividends payable on our common stock.
We depend on our key personnel. Our success depends to a significant degree upon the continued contribution of key members of our management team, who may be difficult to replace. The loss of services of these executives could have a material adverse effect on us. There can be no assurance that the services of such personnel will continue to be available to us. Our Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Jeffrey I. Friedman, is a party to an employment agreement with us. Other than Mr. Friedman, we do not have employment agreements with key personnel. We do not hold key-man life insurance on any of our key personnel.
We may be exposed to construction business risk. We intend to perform construction services as a general contractor for our own account on certain of our development projects in the future. Inherent risks of those operations include the following:
adverse weather conditions;
continuing difficulties in the development and construction industries;
continuing difficulties in obtaining financing for development and construction;
rapid and unanticipated increases in the costs of commodities and building materials;
failure of subcontractors to perform as anticipated;
the availability of qualified subcontractors, subcontractors in turn are dependent on the availability of skilled workers; and
bonding indemnification obligations and standby letters of credit that may be required by our construction lenders.
All of the foregoing risks could have a material adverse affect upon our ability to complete the construction of those development properties on time and/or within budget.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
None.

11



Item 2. Properties
Our Portfolio. The following table represents our portfolio as of December 31, 2012, which consists of properties we owned, directly or indirectly.
 
 
Total Number
 
 Total Number
 
 
of Properties
 
of Units
State
 
 
 
 
Florida
 
5

 
1,494

Georgia
 
3

 
1,197

Indiana
 
3

 
836

Maryland
 
3

 
667

Michigan
 
7

 
2,216

North Carolina
 
3

 
760

Ohio
 
17

 
3,310

Tennessee
 
1

 
242

Texas
 
3

 
842

Virginia
 
7

 
2,386

 
 
52

 
13,950

Development Projects
 
 
 
 
Bethesda (1)
 

 

Turtle Creek (2)
 

 

San Raphael Phase II (3)
 

 

The Desmond on Wilshire (4)
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
52

 
13,950

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Location
 
Acres
Undeveloped Land Parcels
 
 
 
 
Westlake
 
Westlake, OH
 
39.0

Wyndemere
 
Franklin, OH
 
10.0

 
 
 
 
 
Total undeveloped acres
 
 
 
49.0

(1)
Planned development in Bethesda, Maryland of 140 units with 7,000 square feet ground floor retail.
(2)
Planned development in Dallas, Texas of 249 units.
(3)
Planned development in Dallas, Texas of 99 units.
(4)
Planned development in Los Angeles, California of an estimated 175 units.


12



 
 
 Total Number
 
 
 
 
of Units
 
Age (1)
State
 
 
 
 
Florida
 
 
 
 
Courtney Chase
 
288

 
9

Cypress Shores
 
300

 
21

Vista Lago
 
316

 
9

Waterstone at Wellington
 
222

 
14

Windsor Pines
 
368

 
14

 
 
1,494

 
 
Georgia
 
 
 
 
Cambridge at Buckhead
 
168

 
17

Idlewylde
 
843

 
11

Morgan Place
 
186

 
23

 
 
1,197

 
 
Indiana
 
 
 
 
Center Point
 
344

 
15

Residence at White River
 
228

 
21

Steeplechase at Shiloh
 
264

 
14

 
 
836

 
 
Maryland
 
 
 
 
Annen Woods
 
131

 
25

Hampton Point
 
352

 
26

Reflections
 
184

 
27

 
 
667

 
 
Michigan
 
 
 
 
Arbor Landings
 
328

 
13

Clinton Place
 
202

 
24

Georgetown Park
 
480

 
13

Landings at the Preserve
 
190

 
21

Oaks at Hampton
 
544

 
24

Spring Valley
 
224

 
25

Summer Ridge
 
248

 
21

 
 
2,216

 
 
(1)
Age of property is determined by the number of years since construction of the property was completed.





13



 
 
Total Number
 
 
 
 
 
 
of Units
 
Age (1)
 
 
State
 
 
 
 
 
 
North Carolina
 
 
 
 
 
 
Southpoint Village
 
211

 
5

 
 
The Apartments at the Arboretum
 
205

 
3

 
 
The Park at Crossroads
 
344

 
6

 
 
 
 
760

 
 
 
 
Ohio
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bedford Commons
 
112

 
25

 
 
Bradford at Easton
 
324

 
16

 
 
Heathermoor
 
280

 
23

 
 
Kensington Grove
 
76

 
17

 
 
Lake Forest
 
192

 
18

 
 
Mallard's Crossing
 
192

 
22

 
 
Perimeter Lakes
 
189

 
20

 
 
Residence at Barrington
 
288

 
13

 
 
Saw Mill Village
 
340

 
25

 
 
St. Andrews at Little Turtle
 
102

 
25

 
 
Sterling Park
 
128

 
18

 
 
The Residence at Christopher Wren
 
264

 
19

 
 
Village at Avon
 
312

 
11

 
 
Village of Western Reserve
 
108

 
14

 
 
Westchester Townhomes
 
136

 
23

 
 
Westlake Seven
 
7

 
27

 
 
Williamsburg Townhomes
 
260

 
22

 
 
 
 
3,310

 
 
 
 
Tennessee
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vista Germantown
 
242

 

 
 
 
 
242

 
 
 
 
Texas
 
 
 
 
 
 
San Raphael
 
222

 
13

 
 
The Brixton
 
224

 
15

 
 
21-Forty Medical District
 
396

 
3

 
 
 
 
842

 
 
 
 
Virginia
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ashborough
 
504

 
8

 
 
Dwell Vienna Metro
 
250

 
4

 
 
River Forest
 
300

 
6

 
 
Riverside Station
 
304

 
7

 
 
The Alexander at Ghent
 
268

 
6

 
 
The Belvedere
 
296

 
7

 
 
Westwind Farms
 
464

 
6

 
 
 
 
2,386

 
 
 
 
Total
 
13,950

 
14

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anticipated
 
 
Location
 
Acres
 
Completion
Development Projects
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bethesda
 
Bethesda, MD
 
2.5

 
2015
Turtle Creek
 
Dallas, TX
 
2.4

 
2015
San Raphael Phase II
 
Dallas, TX
 
1.5

 
2013
The Desmond on Wilshire
 
Los Angeles, CA
 
2.2

 
2015
(1)
Age of property is determined by the number of years since construction of the property was completed.

14



Indebtedness Encumbering the Properties. We have financed, and in many cases refinanced, the acquisition, development and rehabilitation of our properties with a variety of sources of mortgage indebtedness. At December 31, 2012, 37 of the 52 wholly owned properties were unencumbered. The remaining 15 properties were encumbered by project specific mortgages, of which five properties were encumbered by cross-collateralized, cross-defaulted mortgage loans.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
We are subject to legal proceedings, lawsuits and other claims in the ordinary course of our business (collectively "Litigation"). Litigation is subject to uncertainties and outcomes are difficult to predict. Many of the claims in Litigation are covered by insurance, subject to deductible amounts. We believe any current Litigation will not have a material adverse impact on us after final disposition. However, because of the uncertainties of Litigation, one or more lawsuits could ultimately result in a material obligation.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
N/A.

15



PART II
Item 5.
Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
Our common shares are traded on the NYSE and NASDAQ under the trading symbol "AEC." The following table sets forth for the periods indicated the high and low sale prices per common share as reported on the NYSE (composite tape) and the dividends declared per common share.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividends Declared
 
 
Price Range
 
Per Share
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
High
 
Low
 
High
 
Low
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
 
$
17.09

 
$
14.80

 
$
16.50

 
$
14.36

 
$
0.17

 
$
0.17

Second Quarter
 
$
17.51

 
$
14.30

 
$
16.97

 
$
15.42

 
$
0.18

 
$
0.17

Third Quarter
 
$
15.60

 
$
14.24

 
$
18.85

 
$
14.58

 
$
0.18

 
$
0.17

Fourth Quarter
 
$
16.13

 
$
14.25

 
$
17.43

 
$
14.26

 
$
0.18

 
$
0.17

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
0.71

 
$
0.68

During the year ended December 31, 2012, net income attributable to AERC was less than the total dividends declared on our common shares. However, cash flow from operations was sufficient to pay cash dividends. See "Liquidity and Capital Resources" in Part II, Item 7 of this report on Form 10-K.
On February 12, 2013, there were approximately 760 holders of record and approximately 17,000 beneficial owners of our common shares.
We maintain a dividend reinvestment plan under which shareholders may elect to reinvest their dividends automatically in our common shares and may also acquire additional common shares which the plan administrator purchases in the open market.
There is a total of $26.3 million remaining on our Board of Director authorizations to repurchase our common shares. We did not repurchase any shares using this authority during 2012, and we have no present intention to use this authority to repurchase shares. Additionally, we have a policy which allows employees to pay their portion of the income taxes related to restricted shares vesting by surrendering a number of shares to us equal in value on the day of vesting to the amount of taxes due up to the statutory withholding amount.

16



Performance Graph. The following graph compares the cumulative return on our common shares during the five year period ended December 31, 2012, to the cumulative return of the Russell 2000 and the MSCI US REIT Index for the same period. The comparisons assume an initial investment of $100 and the reinvestment of all dividends during the comparison period. Performance during this comparison period is not necessarily indicative of future performance.
 
Period Ending
Index
 
12/31/07
 
12/31/08
 
12/31/09
 
12/31/10
 
12/31/11
 
12/31/12
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Associated Estates Realty Corporation
 
$
100.00

 
$
103.56

 
$
141.62

 
$
202.37

 
$
220.37

 
$
233.29

Russell 2000
 
$
100.00

 
$
66.21

 
$
84.20

 
$
106.82

 
$
102.36

 
$
119.09

MSCI US REIT Index
 
$
100.00

 
$
62.03

 
$
79.78

 
$
102.50

 
$
111.41

 
$
131.20

Source: SNL Financial LC, Charlottesville, VA
© 2013
www.snl.com



17



Item 6. Selected Financial Data
The following tables set forth selected financial and other data for us on a consolidated basis. The historical financial information contained in the tables has been derived from and should be read in conjunction with (i) our Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto, and (ii) Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations both included elsewhere herein.
(In thousands, except per share, property and unit count and net collected
 
Year Ended December 31,
rent amounts)
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
2009
 
2008
Operating Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property revenue
 
$
173,822

 
$
148,198

 
$
120,918

 
$
113,299

 
$
112,753

Office revenue
 
1,046

 

 

 

 

Management and service operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fees, reimbursements and other
 

 

 
817

 
1,287

 
1,784

Construction and other services
 

 
16,869

 
17,051

 
1,160

 
1,010

Total revenue
 
174,868

 
165,067

 
138,786

 
115,746

 
115,547

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total expenses
 
(141,370
)
 
(145,578
)
 
(119,648
)
 
(95,250
)
 
(94,375
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
 
(30,838
)
 
(30,769
)
 
(29,179
)
 
(31,357
)
 
(32,703
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
2,660

 
(11,280
)
 
(10,041
)
 
(10,861
)
 
(11,531
)
Income from discontinued operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income, net of interest expense
 
1,102

 
2,051

 
1,211

 
1,590

 
1,009

Gain on disposition of properties
 
26,849

 
14,597

 
245

 
15,534

 
45,202

Income from discontinued operations
 
27,951

 
16,648

 
1,456

 
17,124

 
46,211

Net income (loss)
 
30,611

 
5,368

 
(8,585
)
 
6,263

 
34,680

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
(19
)
 
(40
)
 
(51
)
 
(53
)
 
(53
)
Net income (loss) attributable to AERC
 
30,592

 
5,328

 
(8,636
)
 
6,210

 
34,627

Preferred share dividends
 

 

 
(2,030
)
 
(4,199
)
 
(4,655
)
Preferred share redemption/repurchase costs
 

 

 
(993
)
 

 
(143
)
Discount on preferred share repurchase
 

 

 

 

 
2,289

Allocation to participating securities
 

 

 

 
(423
)
 
(730
)
Net income (loss) applicable to common shares
 
$
30,592

 
$
5,328

 
$
(11,659
)
 
$
1,588

 
$
31,388

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share - Basic:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
applicable to common shares
 
$
0.06

 
$
(0.27
)
 
$
(0.43
)
 
$
(0.91
)
 
$
(0.87
)
Income from discontinued operations
 
0.60

 
0.40

 
0.05

 
1.01

 
2.80

Net income (loss) applicable to common shares
 
$
0.66

 
$
0.13

 
$
(0.38
)
 
$
0.10

 
$
1.93

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share - Diluted:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
applicable to common shares
 
$
0.06

 
$
(0.27
)
 
$
(0.43
)
 
$
(0.91
)
 
$
(0.87
)
Income from discontinued operations
 
0.60

 
0.40

 
0.05

 
1.01

 
2.80

Net income (loss) applicable to common shares
 
$
0.66

 
$
0.13

 
$
(0.38
)
 
$
0.10

 
$
1.93

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic
 
46,063

 
41,657

 
30,421

 
16,516

 
16,262

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted
 
46,553

 
41,657

 
30,421

 
16,516

 
16,262

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividends declared per common share
 
$
0.71

 
$
0.68

 
$
0.68

 
$
0.68

 
$
0.68


18



 
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
2009
 
2008
Cash flow data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flow provided by operations
 
$
70,606

 
$
53,317

 
$
33,511

 
$
31,300

 
$
24,665

Cash flow (used for) provided by investing activity
 
$
(157,319
)
 
$
(146,333
)
 
$
(283,432
)
 
$
16,450

 
$
41,051

Cash flow provided by (used for) financing activity
 
$
87,125

 
$
92,974

 
$
250,691

 
$
(47,701
)
 
$
(63,714
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance Sheet Data at December 31:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real estate assets, net
 
$
1,139,917

 
$
986,834

 
$
875,000

 
$
638,535

 
$
673,848

Total assets
 
$
1,172,477

 
$
1,018,493

 
$
918,235

 
$
662,505

 
$
699,896

Total debt
 
$
716,778

 
$
664,788

 
$
555,666

 
$
525,836

 
$
557,481

Total shareholders' equity attributable to AERC
 
$
403,398

 
$
308,793

 
$
316,184

 
$
99,440

 
$
105,621

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property net operating income (1) (7)
 
$
105,591

 
$
89,156

 
$
70,739

 
$
65,822

 
$
66,054

Funds from operations (2) (8)
 
$
57,179

 
$
42,707

 
$
26,153

 
$
20,501

 
$
21,893

Funds from operations as adjusted (3) (8)
 
$
59,330

 
$
42,707

 
$
27,075

 
$
19,273

 
$
21,706

Funds available for distribution (4) (8)
 
$
52,820

 
$
36,417

 
$
22,291

 
$
14,213

 
$
15,636

Total properties (at end of period)
 
52

 
53

 
52

 
48

 
50

Total multifamily units (at end of period)
 
13,950

 
13,908

 
13,662

 
12,108

 
12,672

Average monthly net collected rent per unit (5)
 
$
1,052

 
$
963

 
$
859

 
$
852

 
$
858

Physical occupancy (6)
 
95.9
%
 
95.2
%
 
94.8
%
 
93.9
%
 
93.0
%
(1)
We consider property net operating income ("property NOI") to be an important indicator of the overall performance of our multifamily property portfolio because it reflects the operating performance of our property portfolio and is used to assess regional property level performance. Property NOI is determined by deducting property operating and maintenance expenses from property revenue. Property NOI should not be considered (i) as an alternative to net income determined in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP"), (ii) as an indicator of financial performance, (iii) as cash flow from operating activities (determined in accordance with GAAP), or (iv) as a measure of liquidity; nor is it necessarily indicative of sufficient cash flow to fund all of our needs. Other real estate companies may define property NOI in a different manner. Property NOI has been restated for discontinued operations for periods shown.
 
 
(2)
We calculate funds from operations ("FFO") in accordance with the definition adopted by the Board of Governors of the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts ("NAREIT"). This definition includes all operating results, both recurring and non-recurring, except those results defined as "extraordinary items" under GAAP, adjusted for depreciation on real estate assets and amortization of intangible assets, excludes impairment write-downs of depreciable real estate and gains and losses from the disposition of properties and land. We calculate FFO per share using the weighted average shares outstanding amounts used in the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share in accordance with GAAP. FFO does not represent cash generated from operating activities in accordance with GAAP and is not necessarily indicative of cash available to fund cash needs and should not be considered an alternative to net income as an indicator of our operating performance or as an alternative to cash flow as a measure of liquidity. FFO is used in the real estate industry as a supplemental measure of the operating performance of real estate companies because it excludes charges such as real estate depreciation that are generally considered not to be reflective of the actual value of real estate assets over time. See Note 8 below for those items that are used to compute FFO. Other real estate companies may define FFO in a different manner.
 
 
(3)
Funds from operations as adjusted is FFO, as defined above, adjusted for certain corporate transactions to provide an amount that is more representative of the operations of our real estate portfolio. We consider FFO as adjusted to be a more appropriate measure of comparing the operating performance of our real estate portfolio between periods as well as to that of other real estate companies. See Note 8 below for those items that are used to compute FFO as adjusted. Other real estate companies may define FFO as adjusted in a different manner.
 
 
(4)
We define funds available for distribution ("FAD") as FFO as adjusted, as defined above, plus depreciation other and amortization of deferred financing fees less recurring fixed asset additions.  Fixed asset additions exclude development, investment, revenue enhancing and non-recurring capital additions.  We consider FAD to be an appropriate supplemental measure of the performance of an equity REIT because, like FFO and FFO as adjusted, it captures real estate performance by excluding gains or losses from the disposition of properties and land and depreciation on real estate assets and amortization of intangible assets.  Unlike FFO and FFO as adjusted, FAD also reflects the recurring capital expenditures that are necessary to maintain the associated real estate. See Note 8 below for a reconciliation of FFO as adjusted to FAD.
 
 
(5)
Average monthly net collected rent per unit is calculated as total market rent for all units less vacancy and concessions, divided by the total number of units available. This does not represent actual rental revenue collected per unit.
 
 
(6)
Physical occupancy represents the actual number of units leased divided by the total number of units available at the end of the period.


19



(7)
Reconciliation of property NOI to net income (loss) attributable to AERC:
 
 
Year Ended December 31,
(In thousands)
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
2009
 
2008
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property net operating income
 
$
105,591

 
$
89,156

 
$
70,739

 
$
65,822

 
$
66,054

Office revenue
 
1,046

 

 

 

 

Fees, reimbursements and other revenue
 

 

 
817

 
1,287

 
1,784

Construction and other services revenue
 

 
16,869

 
17,051

 
1,160

 
1,010

Direct property management and service company expense
 

 

 
(745
)
 
(1,107
)
 
(1,062
)
Construction and other services expenses
 
(176
)
 
(19,297
)
 
(16,415
)
 
(1,745
)
 
(1,338
)
Depreciation and amortization
 
(54,306
)
 
(50,321
)
 
(35,818
)
 
(31,317
)
 
(32,448
)
General and administrative expense
 
(16,995
)
 
(15,944
)
 
(15,684
)
 
(14,024
)
 
(14,330
)
Development costs
 
(864
)
 
(435
)
 
(208
)
 

 

Costs associated with acquisitions
 
(798
)
 
(539
)
 
(599
)
 

 

Interest expense
 
(30,838
)
 
(30,769
)
 
(29,179
)
 
(31,357
)
 
(32,703
)
Gain on insurance recoveries
 

 

 

 
420

 

Equity in net income of joint ventures
 

 

 

 

 
1,502

Income from discontinued operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income, net of interest expense
 
1,102

 
2,051

 
1,211

 
1,590

 
1,009

Gain on disposition of properties
 
26,849

 
14,597

 
245

 
15,534

 
45,202

Income from discontinued operations
 
27,951

 
16,648

 
1,456

 
17,124

 
46,211

Net income (loss)
 
30,611

 
5,368

 
(8,585
)
 
6,263

 
34,680

Net income attributable to noncontrolling redeemable interest
 
(19
)
 
(40
)
 
(51
)
 
(53
)
 
(53
)
Net income (loss) attributable to AERC
 
$
30,592

 
$
5,328

 
$
(8,636
)
 
$
6,210

 
$
34,627




20



(8)
Reconciliation of net income (loss) attributable to AERC to FFO, FFO as adjusted and FAD:
 
 
Year Ended December 31,
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
2009
 
2008
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) attributable to AERC
 
$
30,592

 
$
5,328

 
$
(8,636
)
 
$
6,210

 
$
34,627

Depreciation - real estate assets
 
48,547

 
44,006

 
35,593

 
32,822

 
32,560

Depreciation - real estate assets - joint ventures
 

 

 

 

 
91

Amortization of intangible assets
 
4,889

 
7,970

 
2,219

 
1,068

 
3,929

Preferred share dividends
 

 

 
(2,030
)
 
(4,199
)
 
(4,655
)
Preferred share redemption/repurchase costs
 

 

 
(993
)
 

 
(143
)
Preferred share repurchase discount
 

 

 

 

 
2,289

Gain on disposition of joint venture property
 

 

 

 

 
(1,603
)
Gain on disposition of properties
 
(26,849
)
 
(14,597
)
 

 
(15,400
)
 
(45,202
)
Funds from operations
 
57,179

 
42,707

 
26,153

 
20,501

 
21,893

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain on insurance recoveries
 

 

 
(245
)
 
(665
)
 

Defeasance/prepayment and other costs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
associated with debt repayments
 
2,430

 

 

 

 
1,959

Preferred share repurchase costs
 

 

 
993

 

 
143

Preferred share repurchase discount
 

 

 

 

 
(2,289
)
Trust preferred redemption costs
 

 

 
727

 

 

Refund of defeasance costs for previously defeased loans
 
(279
)
 

 
(553
)
 
(563
)
 

Funds from operations as adjusted
 
59,330

 
42,707

 
27,075

 
19,273

 
21,706

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation - other assets
 
2,108

 
1,954

 
1,827

 
1,522

 
1,378

Depreciation - other assets - joint ventures
 

 

 

 

 
3

Amortization of deferred financing fees
 
2,128

 
1,970

 
1,415

 
1,225

 
1,296

Amortization of deferred financing fees - joint ventures
 

 

 

 

 
1

Recurring fixed asset additions
 
(10,746
)
 
(10,214
)
 
(8,026
)
 
(7,807
)
 
(8,739
)
Recurring fixed asset additions - joint ventures
 

 

 

 

 
(9
)
Funds available for distribution
 
$
52,820

 
$
36,417

 
$
22,291

 
$
14,213

 
$
15,636

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Funds from operations per common share - basic
 
$
1.24

 
$
1.03

 
$
0.85

 
$
1.20

 
$
1.35

Funds from operations as adjusted per common share - basic
 
$
1.29

 
$
1.03

 
$
0.89

 
$
1.17

 
$
1.33

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Funds from operations per common share - diluted
 
$
1.23

 
$
1.03

 
$
0.85

 
$
1.20

 
$
1.35

Funds from operations as adjusted per common share - diluted
 
$
1.27

 
$
1.03

 
$
0.89

 
$
1.17

 
$
1.33

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic
 
46,063

 
41,657

 
30,421

 
16,516

 
16,262

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted
 
46,553

 
41,657

 
30,421

 
16,516

 
16,262


21



Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Part II, Item 8 of this report on Form 10-K. This discussion may contain forward-looking statements based on current judgments and current knowledge of management, which are subject to certain risks, trends and uncertainties that could cause actual results to vary from those projected, including but not limited to, expectations regarding our 2013 performance that are based on certain assumptions. Accordingly, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements which speak only as of the date of the document. These forward-looking statements are intended to be covered by the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The words "expects," "projects," "believes," "plans," "anticipates" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Investors are cautioned that these forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainty that could cause actual results to differ from estimates or projections contained in these forward-looking statements. For a discussion of these risks and uncertainties, see "Risk Factors" in Item 1A of this report on Form 10-K.
Overview. We are engaged primarily in the ownership and operation of multifamily residential units. Our subsidiary, Merit Enterprises, Inc. ("Merit"), is a general contractor that acts as our in-house construction division. During the year ended December 31, 2012, our primary sources of cash and revenue from operations were rents from the leasing of our apartment units, which represented 99.4% of our consolidated revenue for the year.
The operating performance of our properties is affected by general economic factors including, but not limited to, household formation, job and wage growth, unemployment rates, population growth, immigration, the supply of new multifamily rental communities and, in certain markets, the supply of other housing alternatives, such as condominiums, single and multifamily rental homes and owner occupied single and multifamily homes. Additionally, our performance may be affected by the access to, and cost of, debt and equity.
Rental revenue collections are impacted by rental rates and occupancy levels. We use LROTM, a rental revenue software product that provides comprehensive submarket based statistical data to assist in maximizing rental revenue while remaining market competitive. We combine this data with our proprietary market knowledge and experience in our efforts to maximize rental revenues and maintain high occupancy levels. We expect LROTM to continue to assist us in generating long term rent growth and asset stability with daily, incremental rent changes. We adjust our rental rates in our continuing effort to adapt to changing market conditions and maximize rental revenue. We continuously monitor physical occupancy and net collected rent per unit to track our success in maximizing rental revenue. These indicators are more fully described in the Results of Operations comparison. Additionally, we consider property NOI, FFO and FFO as adjusted to be important indicators of our overall performance. Property NOI (property revenue less property operating and maintenance expenses) is a measure of the profitability of our properties and has the largest impact on our financial condition and operating results. FFO is used by real estate investment trusts as a supplemental measure of the operating performance of real estate companies because it excludes charges such as real estate depreciation and amortization of intangible assets that are generally considered not to be reflective of the actual value of real estate assets over time. Additionally, gains and losses from the sale of most real estate assets and certain other items are excluded from FFO. See Selected Financial Data presented in Part II, Item 6 of this report on Form 10-K for reconciliations of property NOI, FFO and FFO as adjusted to consolidated net income (loss) in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP").
Our Same Community portfolio includes properties that we have owned and operated for the entire two-year period ending December 31, 2012 and consists of 44 properties containing 11,856 units. Our Same Community portfolio accounted for 87.1% of total revenue and 87.6% of our property NOI in 2012. Acquired/Development properties represent four properties acquired in 2012, a 242-unit development in Nashville, Tennessee completed and stabilized in 2012 and three properties acquired in 2011. See Results of Operations for an additional discussion of our Same Community properties.

22



Same Community property NOI increased 6.9% in 2012 compared to 2011 primarily as a result of a $3.2 million or 8.2% increase in property NOI from our Midwest (Ohio, Michigan and Indiana) portfolio. Our Mid-Atlantic (Maryland, Metro DC and Virginia) portfolio property NOI increased $1.7 million or 5.5%, our Southeast (Georgia and Florida) portfolio property NOI increased $919,000 or 5.6%, and our Southwest (Texas) portfolio property NOI increased 13.7% or $170,000 in 2012.
The following table presents property NOI results for 2012 and 2011:
 
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
(In thousands)
 
Property NOI
 
Property NOI
 
Variance
Same Community Properties:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Midwest
 
$
42,264

 
$
39,054

 
$
3,210

Mid-Atlantic
 
31,583

 
29,923

 
1,660

Southeast
 
17,282

 
16,363

 
919

Southwest
 
1,409

 
1,239

 
170

Total Same Community
 
92,538

 
86,579

 
5,959

Acquired Properties
 
11,432

 
2,683

 
8,749

Development
 
1,621

 
(106
)
 
1,727

Total Property NOI
 
$
105,591

 
$
89,156

 
$
16,435

Our 2013 earnings guidance anticipates the acquisition of zero to $100.0 million of properties and the disposition of $60.0 million to $100.0 million of properties. Additionally, our development spend is expected to be approximately $60.0 million to $70.0 million, and includes the completion of the 99-unit expansion to our San Raphael property in Dallas. We intend to continue to evaluate potential property acquisitions and development opportunities within our investment criteria. We also may sell properties where market conditions are such that the reinvestment of cash proceeds derived from a sale are expected to provide, over time, a significantly greater return on equity, an increase in cash flow or further enhance our strategic objectives. We will continue to focus on the ratio of our total debt to gross real estate assets which was 47.4% at December 31, 2012 compared with 49.4% at December 31, 2011, and the level of secured debt to gross real estate assets, which was 24.9% at December 31, 2012 compared to 35.8% at December 31, 2011. We will also continue to focus on our fixed charge coverage ratio, which improved to 2.98 times at December 31, 2012 from 2.34 times at December 31, 2011.
In order to maximize property NOI, we plan to continue our efforts toward improving revenue, controlling costs and realizing operational efficiencies at the property level, both regionally and portfolio-wide. In 2013, at the midpoint of our guidance, we expect Same Community property NOI to increase 5.75%, driven by a 4.5% increase in property revenue and a 2.5% increase in property operating expenses compared to 2012. The increase in revenue will primarily be due to maintaining physical occupancy levels and from increased rental rates. However, the uncertainties caused by economic and financial conditions complicate our ability to forecast future performance. We believe that the apartment industry is better situated to weather a slow growing or recessionary environment or a delayed recovery than other real estate sectors because people will normally choose shelter over discretionary spending such as going to the mall or hotel stays. Government sponsored agencies such as Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac continue to provide attractive apartment financing, which may be unavailable to other commercial real estate sectors. Our 2013 expectations could be adversely impacted if recessionary forces resume or if Congress curtails Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac financing support to the apartment industry. Moreover, unless and until sustained job and wage growth occurs in our markets, significant continued rental growth may be limited.

23



Federal Income Taxes. We have elected to be taxed as a Real Estate Investment Trust ("REIT") under Sections 856 through 860 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, commencing with our taxable year ending December 31, 1993. REITs are subject to a number of organizational and operational requirements including a requirement that 90.0% of the income that would otherwise be considered as taxable income be distributed to shareholders. Providing we continue to qualify as a REIT, we will generally not be subject to federal income tax on net income.
A REIT is precluded from owning more than 10.0% of the outstanding voting securities of any one issuer, other than a wholly owned subsidiary or another REIT, and more than 10.0% of the value of all securities of any one issuer. As an exception to this prohibition, a REIT is allowed to own up to 100% of the securities of a taxable REIT subsidiary (“TRS”) that can provide non-customary services to REIT tenants and others without disqualifying the rents that a REIT receives from its tenants. However, no more than 25.0% of the value of a REIT's total assets can be represented by securities of one or more TRS's. The amount of intercompany interest and other expenses charged in transactions between a TRS and a REIT are subject to arms length allocation requirements contained in the Code and Treasury regulations. We believe we have qualified and plan to, and believe we will, continue to qualify as a REIT, however, qualification is subject to the satisfaction of numerous highly technical and complex requirements. We cannot, therefore, guarantee that we have qualified or will qualify in the future as a REIT. See "Risk Factors" in Item 1A of this report on Form 10-K.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Cash Flows and Liquidity. Significant sources and uses of cash in the past three years are summarized as follows:
Significant Cash Sources (Uses):
 
Year Ended December 31,
(In thousands)
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash provided by operations
$
70,606

 
$
53,317

 
$
33,511

Fixed assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Acquisitions and development expenditures
(207,207
)
 
(165,271
)
 
(266,283
)
Net property disposition proceeds
64,422

 
28,961

 

Recurring, revenue enhancing and non-recurring capital expenditures
(12,314
)
 
(11,561
)
 
(15,012
)
Debt:
 
 
 
 
 
(Decrease) Increase in mortgage notes
(132,784
)
 
18,623

 
(24,390
)
Increase (decrease) in revolving credit facility borrowings
132,500

 
(34,500
)
 
80,000

Increase in term loan borrowings
25,000

 
125,000

 

Redemption of trust preferred securities

 

 
(25,780
)
Exercise of stock options
312

 
810

 
5,418

Common share issuances
98,149

 
13,300

 
288,835

Preferred share redemption

 

 
(48,263
)
Cash dividends and operating partnership distributions paid
(32,460
)
 
(28,139
)
 
(21,902
)
Purchase of treasury shares
(959
)
 
(857
)
 
(634
)
Our primary sources of liquidity are cash flow provided by operations, short-term borrowings on the unsecured revolver, project specific loans and the sale of debt or equity securities. Our scheduled debt maturities for 2012 consisted of five mortgage loans totaling approximately $79.8 million. We have repaid all of these loans with proceeds from borrowings on our unsecured revolver. In addition we prepaid four mortgage loans totaling $76.7 million in 2012 and incurred prepayment penalties of $2.1 million. We also repaid a construction loan totaling $21.7 million.




24



As of the filing date of this report on Form 10-K, we have loans totaling $130.5 million maturing in 2013. We intend to repay these loans from borrowings on one or more of the following sources: borrowings on our unsecured revolver, unsecured debt financings, proceeds from property sales or proceeds from the sale of common shares.
In January 2012, we entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, that among other things, increased the maximum amount of borrowings under our unsecured revolver to $350.0 million, extended the maturity date to January 11, 2016 and provided for a one year extension option. Additionally, the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement provides for an increase of the total facility to $400.0 million upon our request and the agreement of the lenders participating in the facility. Our borrowing capacity under the revolver is a function of our unencumbered property pool. As of February 12, 2013, the maximum amount of borrowings available to us under the revolver was $315.2 million and borrowings outstanding totaled $39.5 million.
On October 19, 2012, we completed modifications to our unsecured term loan which included increasing the outstanding principal amount to $150.0 million from $125.0 million and extending the maturity date from June 2016 to January 2018. Total costs associated with this modification were $600,000.
During 2012, we sold 681,178 shares under our $25.0 million at-the-market ("ATM") program for total gross proceeds of $11.3 million, or $11.1 million net of sales and commissions and other costs. The proceeds were used to reduce borrowings on our unsecured revolver and for general corporate purposes. At June 30, 2012, all $25.0 million of common shares available for issuance under the ATM had been sold and the program was completed. In August 2012, we registered an ATM program allowing us to sell up to $75.0 million of our common shares in open market transactions at-the-then market price per share. There were no shares sold during 2012 under this program. Our ability to access the capital markets affords us additional liquidity as demonstrated by our sale of 6,325,000 of our common shares in an underwritten public offering in June 2012. The net proceeds from this offering, which totaled approximately $87.2 million, were used to fund property acquisitions and development and for general corporate purposes. As of the filing date, equity and/or debt securities of up to $258.8 million remain available for public offerings under our current shelf registration statement which expires in June 2013.
On January 22, 2013, we completed the issuance of $150.0 million of unsecured senior notes. The notes were offered in a private placement with two maturity tranches: $63.0 million 8-year maturity at 4.02% and $87.0 million 10-year maturity at 4.45%.  The $150.0 million total issuance has a weighted average term of 9.2 years at a weighted average interest rate of 4.27%. Proceeds from the issuance were used to repay borrowings under the unsecured revolver, including amounts borrowed in December to repay two mortgages totaling approximately $33.6 million.
Cash flow provided by operations increased $17.3 million when comparing 2012 to 2011. The increase was primarily due to a 6.9% increase in Same Community property NOI and the contribution from the four properties acquired during 2012, the three properties acquired during 2011 and the completion and lease up of our Vista Germantown development in 2012.
Cash flow provided by operations increased $19.8 million when comparing 2011 to 2010. The increase was primarily due to an increase in property NOI as a result of the acquisition of four properties during 2010, the completion of a 60-unit expansion at one of our existing properties and the acquisition of three additional properties during 2011.
Shelf Availability. We have a shelf registration statement that relates to the offering, from time to time, of debt securities (including convertible debt), preferred shares, depositary shares, common shares and common share warrants. The amount of securities originally registered under this registration statement was $500.0 million and it expires in June 2013. Securities and/or debt offerings up to $258.8 million are currently available under this shelf registration statement. As of the filing date of this document, we qualify as a well-known seasoned issuer and intend to file a new shelf registration statement that will be effective upon filing prior to the expiration of the existing shelf.

25



Liquidity: Normal Business Operations. We anticipate that we will meet our normal business operations and liquidity requirements for the upcoming year generally through net cash provided by operations. We believe that if net cash provided by operations is below projections, other sources such as the unsecured revolver and secured and unsecured borrowings are or can be made available and should be sufficient to meet our normal business operations and liquidity requirements.
Liquidity: Non-Operational Activities. Sources of cash available for repayment of debt, any property acquisitions and funding other capital expenditures are expected to be provided primarily by proceeds from the refinancing of debt borrowings, our unsecured revolver, the sale of properties and possibly the sale of common shares. The development of the 99-unit expansion of San Raphael Apartments will be financed from our unsecured revolver. Additionally, we anticipate that the development of our planned Turtle Creek apartment community in Dallas, our Bethesda development in Maryland and our Desmond development in Los Angeles will be funded from some combination of property sale proceeds, construction financings, borrowings on our unsecured revolver or the sale of common shares.
Long-Term Contractual Obligations. The following table summarizes our long-term contractual obligations at December 31, 2012, as defined by Item 303(a)(5) of Regulation S-K of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
 
 
Payments Due In
(In thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2018 and
Contractual Obligations
 
Total
 
2013
 
2014-2015
 
2016-2017
 
Later Years
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt payable - principal
 
$
716,778

 
$
138,651

 
$
80,850

 
$
456,110

 
$
41,167

Debt payable - interest
 
80,233

 
23,794

 
30,976

 
11,495

 
13,968

Operating leases
 
610

 
177

 
265

 
156

 
12

Purchase obligations
 
82,554

 
6,153

 
194

 
76,207

 

Total
 
$
880,175

 
$
168,775

 
$
112,285

 
$
543,968

 
$
55,147

Debt Payable - Principal. Debt payable - principal includes principal payments on all property specific mortgages, the unsecured term loan and the unsecured revolver based on amounts and terms of debt in existence at December 31, 2012. For detailed information about our debt, see Note 6 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements presented in Part II, Item 8 of this report on Form 10-K.
Debt Payable - Interest. Debt payable - interest includes accrued interest at December 31, 2012, and interest payments as required based upon the terms of the debt in existence at December 31, 2012. Interest related to floating rate debt included in the above table was calculated based on applicable rates as of December 31, 2012.
Operating Leases. We lease certain equipment and facilities under operating leases. For detailed information about our lease obligations, see Note 8 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements presented in Part II, Item 8 of this report on Form 10-K.
Purchase Obligations. Purchase obligations represent agreements to purchase goods or services and contracts for the acquisition of properties that are legally binding and enforceable and that specify all significant terms of the agreement. Our purchase obligations include, but are not limited to, obligations under construction contracts for labor and materials as well as vendor contracts for property operations entered into in the normal course of operations, such as for landscaping, snow removal, elevator maintenance, security, trash removal and electronically generated services. In addition, 2016 includes a purchase agreement to acquire a property to be developed in Florida for a purchase price of $80.2 million, net of a $4.0 million earnest money deposit. Our purchase obligation is conditioned upon the successful completion of the property in accordance with agreed upon plans and specifications and up to a 18-month period to allow for lease up of the property. Closing will not occur unless the closing conditions are satisfied which is not expected to occur until 2016. If we choose not to purchase the property despite the closing conditions having been satisfied within the time period contemplated by the purchase agreement, we would forfeit our $4.0 million earnest money deposit. Obligations included in the above table represent agreements dated December 31, 2012, or earlier.

26



Dividends. On December 6, 2012, we declared a dividend of $0.19 per common share, which was paid in cash on February 1, 2013, to shareholders of record on January 15, 2013. We anticipate that we will continue paying regular quarterly dividends in cash. Effective beginning with the dividend paid in February, 2013, we have increased the quarterly dividend to $0.19 per share from $0.18 per share. In conjunction with revising the Company's dividend policy, the Board of Directors evaluated the Company's past performance and future prospects for earnings growth. Additional factors considered in determining the increase included current dividend distributions, the relationship of dividend distributions to taxable income, distribution requirements under rules governing REITs, and expected growth in taxable income.
Capital Expenditures. We anticipate incurring approximately $14.6 million in capital expenditures for 2013. This includes replacement of worn carpet and appliances, refurbishing parking lots and similar items in accordance with our current property expenditure plan, as well as commitments for investment/revenue enhancing and non-recurring expenditures. We expect to use cash provided by operating activities to pay for these expenditures. Additionally, we anticipate the acquisition of zero to $100.0 million of properties and the disposition of $60.0 million to $100.0 million of properties. Furthermore, our development spend is expected to be approximately $60.0 million to $70.0 million.
The following table identifies our capital expenditures for December 31, 2012 and 2011:
 
 
Actual
 
Actual
 
 
(In thousands)
 
2012
 
2011
 
Variance
Recurring fixed asset additions
 
$
10,659

 
$
9,815

 
$
844

Revenue enhancing/non-recurring
 
 
 
 
 
 
     fixed asset additions
 
1,655

 
1,746

 
(91
)
Acquisition fixed asset additions:
 
 
 
 
 
 
     Operating property acquisitions
 
157,587

 
132,599

 
24,988

     Acquisition-related projects
 
1,919

 
5,402

 
(3,483
)
Total acquisition fixed asset additions
 
$
159,506

 
$
138,001

 
$
21,505

Development fixed assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
     Internal costs
 
2,363

 
582

 
1,781

     Capitalized interest
 
1,460

 
738

 
722

       Land and other development costs
 
43,878

 
25,950

 
17,928

Total development fixed asset additions
 
$
47,701

 
$
27,270

 
$
20,431

Total fixed asset additions
 
$
219,521

 
$
176,832

 
$
42,689

Capital expenditures have increased primarily due to the four acquisitions during 2012 and the current and future development of four multifamily properties.

27



Financing and Other Commitments. The following table identifies our total debt outstanding as of December 31, 2012:
 
 
Balance
 
Percentage
 
Weighted
 
 
Outstanding
 
of
 
Average
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
 
December 31, 2012
 
Total Debt
 
Interest Rate
Fixed Rate Debt:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Secured
 
$
376,278

 
52.5
%
 
5.4
%
Total Fixed Rate Debt
 
376,278

 
52.5
%
 
5.4
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Variable Rate Debt Hedged:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unsecured - term loan (1)
 
125,000

 
17.4
%
 
1.9
%
Total Variable Rate Debt Hedged
 
125,000

 
17.4
%
 
1.9
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Variable Rate Debt Unhedged:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unsecured - revolver
 
190,500

 
26.6
%
 
1.7
%
Unsecured - term loan
 
25,000

 
3.5
%
 
1.9
%
Total Variable Rate Debt Unhedged
 
215,500

 
30.1
%
 
1.7
%
Total Debt
 
$
716,778

 
100.0
%
 
3.7
%
(1)
The Company entered into a forward starting swap in December 2011 fixing the rate beginning in June 2013 until June 2016 on $125.0 million of the term loan balance at a rate of 1.26% plus the credit spread under our term loan (which was 1.7% as of December 31, 2012), or an all-in rate of 2.96%. The loan matures in January 2018.
The following table provides information on fixed rate mortgage loans repaid, as well as loans obtained/assumed during 2012:
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
 
Loans Repaid