10-Q 1 d10q.htm FORM 10-Q Form 10-Q

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended SEPTEMBER 30, 2009

OR

 

¨

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                  to                 

Commission File Number: 1-12252

 

 

EQUITY RESIDENTIAL

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Maryland   13-3675988

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

Two North Riverside Plaza, Chicago, Illinois   60606
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(312) 474-1300

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

x

  

Accelerated filer

 

¨

Non-accelerated filer

 

¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

  

Smaller reporting company

 

¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

The number of Common Shares of Beneficial Interest, $0.01 par value, outstanding on October 29, 2009 was 276,144,161.

 

 

 


EQUITY RESIDENTIAL

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Amounts in thousands except for share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

     September 30,
2009
    December 31,
2008
 

ASSETS

    

Investment in real estate

    

Land

   $ 3,629,701      $ 3,671,299   

Depreciable property

     13,755,610        13,908,594   

Projects under development

     753,831        855,473   

Land held for development

     239,158        254,873   
                

Investment in real estate

     18,378,300        18,690,239   

Accumulated depreciation

     (3,785,198     (3,561,300
                

Investment in real estate, net

     14,593,102        15,128,939   

Cash and cash equivalents

     637,588        890,794   

Investments in unconsolidated entities

     4,616        5,795   

Deposits – restricted

     360,022        152,732   

Escrow deposits – mortgage

     18,954        19,729   

Deferred financing costs, net

     50,438        53,817   

Other assets

     126,676        283,304   
                

Total assets

   $ 15,791,396      $ 16,535,110   
                

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

    

Liabilities:

    

Mortgage notes payable

   $ 4,885,560      $ 5,036,930   

Notes, net

     4,949,560        5,447,012   

Lines of credit

     -        -   

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

     131,730        108,463   

Accrued interest payable

     72,970        113,846   

Other liabilities

     264,221        289,562   

Security deposits

     60,517        64,355   

Distributions payable

     100,230        141,843   
                

Total liabilities

     10,464,788        11,202,011   
                

Commitments and contingencies

    

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership

     236,333        264,394   
                

Equity:

    

Shareholders’ equity:

    

Preferred Shares of beneficial interest, $0.01 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized; 1,950,925 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2009 and 1,951,475 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2008

     208,773        208,786   

Common Shares of beneficial interest, $0.01 par value; 1,000,000,000 shares authorized; 276,147,420 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2009 and 272,786,760 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2008

     2,761        2,728   

Paid in capital

     4,364,503        4,273,489   

Retained earnings

     405,250        456,152   

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (21,636     (35,799
                

Total shareholders’ equity

     4,959,651        4,905,356   

Noncontrolling Interests:

    

Operating Partnership

     118,332        137,645   

Preference Interests and Units

     -        184   

Partially Owned Properties

     12,292        25,520   
                

Total Noncontrolling Interests

     130,624        163,349   
                

Total equity

     5,090,275        5,068,705   
                

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 15,791,396      $ 16,535,110   
                

See accompanying notes

 

2


EQUITY RESIDENTIAL

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Amounts in thousands except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
    Quarter Ended
September 30,
 
     2009     2008     2009     2008  

REVENUES

        

Rental income

   $ 1,471,383      $ 1,485,814      $ 490,104      $ 508,619   

Fee and asset management

     7,928        7,397        2,653        2,387   
                                

Total revenues

     1,479,311        1,493,211        492,757        511,006   
                                

EXPENSES

        

Property and maintenance

     374,067        389,042        125,904        134,658   

Real estate taxes and insurance

     161,777        153,317        55,743        52,039   

Property management

     56,457        59,587        18,725        18,920   

Fee and asset management

     5,916        6,154        1,931        1,983   

Depreciation

     438,726        417,662        147,477        145,382   

General and administrative

     30,476        34,040        9,881        9,849   

Impairment

     11,124        -        -        -   
                                

Total expenses

     1,078,543        1,059,802        359,661        362,831   
                                

Operating income

     400,768        433,409        133,096        148,175   

Interest and other income

     15,854        11,038        3,215        2,871   

Other expenses

     (2,228     (2,886     (1,922     (2,106

Interest:

        

Expense incurred, net

     (361,085     (361,125     (121,520     (122,345

Amortization of deferred financing costs

     (9,614     (6,748     (3,394     (2,410
                                

Income before income and other taxes, (loss) income from investments in unconsolidated entities, net gain on sales of unconsolidated entities and land parcels and discontinued operations

     43,695        73,688        9,475        24,185   

Income and other tax (expense) benefit

     (2,846     (5,937     (459     (1,317

(Loss) income from investments in unconsolidated entities

     (2,372     60        (151     250   

Net gain on sales of unconsolidated entities

     6,718        -        3,959        -   

Net gain on sales of land parcels

     -        2,976        -        2,976   
                                

Income from continuing operations

     45,195        70,787        12,824        26,094   

Discontinued operations, net

     289,523        403,859        130,541        161,031   
                                

Net income

     334,718        474,646        143,365        187,125   

Net (income) loss attributable to Noncontrolling Interests:

        

Operating Partnership

     (18,119     (28,622     (7,699     (11,141

Preference Interests and Units

     (9     (11     (2     (4

Partially Owned Properties

     391        (1,765     317        (106
                                

Net income attributable to controlling interests

     316,981        444,248        135,981        175,874   

Preferred distributions

     (10,859     (10,887     (3,619     (3,628
                                

Net income available to Common Shares

   $ 306,122      $ 433,361      $ 132,362      $ 172,246   
                                

Earnings per share – basic:

        

Income from continuing operations available to Common Shares

   $ 0.12      $ 0.20      $ 0.03      $ 0.08   
                                

Net income available to Common Shares

   $ 1.12      $ 1.61      $ 0.48      $ 0.64   
                                

Weighted average Common Shares outstanding

     272,966        269,582        273,658        270,345   
                                

Earnings per share – diluted:

        

Income from continuing operations available to Common Shares

   $ 0.12      $ 0.20      $ 0.03      $ 0.08   
                                

Net income available to Common Shares

   $ 1.12      $ 1.59      $ 0.48      $ 0.63   
                                

Weighted average Common Shares outstanding

     289,518        290,267        290,215        290,795   
                                
        

Distributions declared per Common Share outstanding

   $ 1.3025      $ 1.4475      $ 0.3375      $ 0.4825   
                                

See accompanying notes

 

3


EQUITY RESIDENTIAL

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Continued)

(Amounts in thousands except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
    Quarter Ended
September 30,
 
     2009     2008     2009     2008  

Comprehensive income:

        

Net income

   $ 334,718      $ 474,646      $ 143,365      $ 187,125   

Other comprehensive income (loss) – derivative instruments:

        

Unrealized holding gains (losses) arising during the period

     12,193        (12,438     (462     (7,231

Losses reclassified into earnings from other comprehensive income

     3,014        1,928        709        712   

Other

     449        -        -        -   

Other comprehensive income (loss) – other instruments:

        

Unrealized holding gains (losses) arising during the period

     3,450        (285     339        87   

(Gains) realized during the period

     (4,943     -        -        -   
                                

Comprehensive income

     348,881        463,851        143,951        180,693   

Comprehensive (income) attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

     (17,737     (30,398     (7,384     (11,251
                                

Comprehensive income attributable to controlling interests

   $ 331,144      $ 433,453      $ 136,567      $ 169,442   
                                

See accompanying notes

 

4


EQUITY RESIDENTIAL

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Amounts in thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2009     2008  

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

    

Net income

   $ 334,718      $ 474,646   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation

     451,487        447,936   

Amortization of deferred financing costs

     9,646        6,751   

Amortization of discounts on investment securities

     (1,661     -   

Amortization of discounts and premiums on debt

     3,346        4,060   

Amortization of deferred settlements on derivative instruments

     2,003        893   

Impairment

     11,124        -   

Write-off of pursuit costs

     1,973        2,856   

Transaction costs

     255        30   

Loss (income) from investments in unconsolidated entities

     2,372        (60

Distributions from unconsolidated entities – return on capital

     129        71   

Net (gain) on sales of investment securities

     (4,943     -   

Net (gain) on sales of unconsolidated entities

     (6,718     -   

Net (gain) on sales of land parcels

     -        (2,976

Net (gain) on sales of discontinued operations

     (274,933     (365,052

(Gain) on debt extinguishments

     (4,420     (225

Unrealized (gain) loss on derivative instruments

     (2     68   

Compensation paid with Company Common Shares

     13,975        16,753   

Changes in assets and liabilities:

    

Decrease (increase) in deposits – restricted

     4,890        (2,131

Decrease (increase) in other assets

     4,353        (16,122

Increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses

     35,555        66,078   

(Decrease) in accrued interest payable

     (40,876     (45,145

(Decrease) in other liabilities

     (6,167     (19,829

(Decrease) increase in security deposits

     (3,838     1,907   
                

Net cash provided by operating activities

     532,268        570,509   
                

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

    

Investment in real estate – acquisitions

     (18,500     (344,231

Investment in real estate – development/other

     (268,213     (399,339

Improvements to real estate

     (93,049     (131,365

Additions to non-real estate property

     (1,315     (2,050

Interest capitalized for real estate under development

     (28,704     (45,117

Proceeds from disposition of real estate, net

     729,153        829,125   

Proceeds from disposition of unconsolidated entities

     -        2,629   

Distributions from unconsolidated entities – return of capital

     5,396        405   

Purchase of investment securities

     (52,822     -   

Proceeds from sale of investment securities

     215,753        -   

Transaction costs

     (255     (30

(Increase) in deposits on real estate acquisitions, net

     (246,835     (168,936

Decrease (increase) in mortgage deposits

     775        (1,660

Acquisition of Noncontrolling Interests – Partially Owned Properties

     (11,480     (20
                

Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities

     229,904        (260,589
                

See accompanying notes

 

5


EQUITY RESIDENTIAL

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Continued)

(Amounts in thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2009     2008  

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

    

Loan and bond acquisition costs

   $ (9,203   $ (6,199

Mortgage notes payable:

    

Proceeds

     657,785        1,242,425   

Restricted cash

     34,655        28,390   

Lump sum payoffs

     (774,481     (359,782

Scheduled principal repayments

     (13,701     (18,949

Gain (loss) on debt extinguishments

     2,400        (41

Notes, net:

    

Lump sum payoffs

     (505,849     (147,124

Gain on debt extinguishments

     2,020        266   

Lines of credit:

    

Proceeds

     -        841,000   

Repayments

     -        (980,000

Proceeds from (payments on) settlement of derivative instruments

     11,253        (13,256

Proceeds from sale of Common Shares

     4,698        5,085   

Proceeds from exercise of options

     7,420        16,772   

Common Shares repurchased and retired

     (1,124     (10,935

Premium on redemption of Preferred Shares

     -        (4

Payment of offering costs

     (463     (88

Other financing activities, net

     (8     (8

Contributions – Noncontrolling Interests – Partially Owned Properties

     893        1,842   

Contributions – Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership

     78        -   

Distributions:

    

Common Shares

     (395,786     (391,072

Preferred Shares

     (10,859     (10,893

Preference Interests and Units

     (11     (11

Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership

     (23,736     (26,309

Noncontrolling Interests – Partially Owned Properties

     (1,359     (1,810
                

Net cash (used for) provided by financing activities

     (1,015,378     169,299   
                

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

     (253,206     479,219   

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     890,794        50,831   
                

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 637,588      $ 530,050   
                

See accompanying notes

 

6


EQUITY RESIDENTIAL

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Continued)

(Amounts in thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2009     2008  

SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION:

    

Cash paid for interest, net of amounts capitalized

   $ 396,922      $ 402,810   
                
    

Net cash paid for income and other taxes

   $ 4,047      $ 2,302   
                

Real estate acquisitions/dispositions/other:

    

Mortgage loans assumed

   $ -      $ 24,946   
                

Valuation of OP Units issued

   $ 1,034      $ 849   
                

Mortgage loans (assumed) by purchaser

   $ (4,387   $ -   
                

Amortization of deferred financing costs:

    

Investment in real estate, net

   $ (2,936   $ (1,509
                

Deferred financing costs, net

   $ 12,582      $ 8,260   
                

Amortization of discounts and premiums on debt:

    

Investment in real estate, net

   $ (3   $ (3
                

Mortgage notes payable

   $ (4,631   $ (4,717
                

Notes, net

   $ 7,980      $ 8,780   
                

Amortization of deferred settlements on derivative instruments:

    

Other liabilities

   $ (1,011   $ (1,035
                

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

   $ 3,014      $ 1,928   
                

Unrealized (gain) loss on derivative instruments:

    

Other assets

   $ (9,910   $ (3,777
                

Mortgage notes payable

   $ (1,755   $ 3,992   
                

Notes, net

   $ 866      $ 1,011   
                

Other liabilities

   $ (1,396   $ 11,280   
                

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

   $ 12,193      $ (12,438
                

Proceeds from (payments on) settlement of derivative instruments:

    

Other assets

   $ 11,253      $ (39
                

Other liabilities

   $ -      $ (13,217
                

Repurchase of notes, net not yet settled:

    

Other liabilities

   $ -      $ (11,356
                

See accompanying notes

 

7


EQUITY RESIDENTIAL

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

(Amounts in thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

   Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2009
 

PREFERRED SHARES

  

Balance, beginning of year

   $ 208,786   

Conversion of 7.00% Series E Cumulative Convertible

     (13
        

Balance, end of period

   $ 208,773   
        

COMMON SHARES, $0.01 PAR VALUE

  

Balance, beginning of year

   $ 2,728   

Conversion of OP Units into Common Shares

     24   

Exercise of share options

     3   

Employee Share Purchase Plan (ESPP)

     3   

Share-based employee compensation expense:

  

Restricted/performance shares

     3   
        

Balance, end of period

   $ 2,761   
        

PAID IN CAPITAL

  

Balance, beginning of year

   $ 4,273,489   

Common Share Issuance:

  

Conversion of Preferred Shares into Common Shares

     13   

Conversion of OP Units into Common Shares

     43,193   

Exercise of share options

     7,417   

Employee Share Purchase Plan (ESPP)

     4,695   

Share-based employee compensation expense:

  

Performance shares

     133   

Restricted shares

     8,780   

Share options

     4,563   

ESPP discount

     1,124   

Common Shares repurchased and retired

     (1,124

Offering costs

     (463

Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (SERP)

     20,781   

Acquisition of Noncontrolling Interests – Partially Owned Properties

     (1,496

Change in market value of Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership

     7,168   

Adjustment for Noncontrolling Interests ownership in Operating Partnership

     (3,770
        

Balance, end of period

   $ 4,364,503   
        

RETAINED EARNINGS

  

Balance, beginning of year

   $ 456,152   

Net income attributable to controlling interests

     316,981   

Common Share distributions

     (357,024

Preferred Share distributions

     (10,859
        

Balance, end of period

   $ 405,250   
        

ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

  

Balance, beginning of year

   $ (35,799

Accumulated other comprehensive income – derivative instruments:

  

Unrealized holding gains arising during the period

     12,193   

Losses reclassified into earnings from other comprehensive income

     3,014   

Other

     449   

Accumulated other comprehensive income – other instruments:

  

Unrealized holding gains arising during the period

     3,450   

(Gains) realized during the period

     (4,943
        

Balance, end of period

   $ (21,636
        

See accompanying notes

 

8


EQUITY RESIDENTIAL

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY (Continued)

(Amounts in thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS

   Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2009
 

OPERATING PARTNERSHIP

  

Balance, beginning of year

   $ 137,645   

Issuance of OP Units to Noncontrolling Interests

     1,034   

Issuance of LTIP Units to Noncontrolling Interests

     78   

Conversion of OP Units held by Noncontrolling Interests into OP Units held by General Partner

     (43,217

Equity compensation associated with Noncontrolling Interests

     896   

Net income attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

     18,119   

Distributions to Noncontrolling Interests

     (20,886

Change in carrying value of Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership

     20,893   

Adjustment for Noncontrolling Interests ownership in Operating Partnership

     3,770   
        

Balance, end of period

   $ 118,332   
        

PREFERENCE INTERESTS AND UNITS

  

Balance, beginning of year

   $ 184   

Conversion of Series B Junior Preference Units

     (184
        

Balance, end of period

   $ -   
        

PARTIALLY OWNED PROPERTIES

  

Balance, beginning of year

   $ 25,520   

Net (loss) attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

     (391

Contributions by Noncontrolling Interests

     893   

Distributions to Noncontrolling Interests

     (1,367

Other

     (658

Acquisition of additional ownership interest by Operating Partnership

     (11,705
        

Balance, end of period

   $ 12,292   
        

See accompanying notes

 

9


EQUITY RESIDENTIAL

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

1.

Business

Equity Residential (“EQR”), a Maryland real estate investment trust (“REIT”) formed in March 1993, is an S&P 500 company focused on the acquisition, development and management of high quality apartment properties in top United States growth markets. EQR has elected to be taxed as a REIT.

EQR is the general partner of, and as of September 30, 2009 owned an approximate 95.0% ownership interest in, ERP Operating Limited Partnership, an Illinois limited partnership (the “Operating Partnership”). The Company is structured as an umbrella partnership REIT (“UPREIT”) under which all property ownership and related business operations are conducted through the Operating Partnership and its subsidiaries. References to the “Company” include EQR, the Operating Partnership and those entities owned or controlled by the Operating Partnership and/or EQR.

As of September 30, 2009, the Company, directly or indirectly through investments in title holding entities, owned all or a portion of 501 properties in 23 states and the District of Columbia consisting of 138,887 units. The ownership breakdown includes (table does not include various uncompleted development properties):

 

     Properties    Units

Wholly Owned Properties

   436    120,378

Partially Owned Properties:

     

Consolidated

   26    5,126

Unconsolidated

   37    8,788

Military Housing (Fee Managed)

   2    4,595
         
   501    138,887

 

2.

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) and certain reclassifications considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior period financial statements in order to conform to the current year presentation. Operating results for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2009.

In preparation of the Company’s financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

The balance sheet at December 31, 2008 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for complete financial statements.

For further information, including definitions of capitalized terms not defined herein, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008.

Income and Other Taxes

Due to the structure of the Company as a REIT and the nature of the operations of its operating properties, no provision for federal income taxes has been made at the EQR level. Historically, the Company has generally only incurred certain state and local income, excise and franchise taxes. The Company has elected Taxable REIT Subsidiary (“TRS”) status for certain of its corporate subsidiaries, primarily those entities engaged in condominium conversion and corporate housing activities and as a result, these entities will incur both federal and state income taxes on any taxable income of such entities after consideration of any net operating losses.

 

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Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. These assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates for which the temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effects of deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized in earnings in the period enacted. The Company’s deferred tax assets are generally the result of tax affected amortization of goodwill, differing depreciable lives on capitalized assets and the timing of expense recognition for certain accrued liabilities. As of September 30, 2009, the Company has recorded a deferred tax asset of approximately $38.5 million, which is fully offset by a valuation allowance due to the uncertainty in forecasting future TRS taxable income.

Other

In June 2009, the FASB issued The FASB Accounting Standards Codification and the Hierarchy of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, which superseded all then-existing non-SEC accounting and reporting standards and became the source of authoritative U.S. generally accepted accounting principles recognized by the FASB to be applied by non-governmental entities. The Company adopted the codification as required, effective for the quarter ended September 30, 2009. The adoption of the codification has no impact on the Company’s consolidated results of operations or financial position but changes the way we refer to accounting literature in reports beginning with the quarter ended September 30, 2009.

Effective December 31, 2008, public companies were required to provide additional disclosures about transfers of financial assets. In addition, public enterprises, including sponsors that have a variable interest in a Variable Interest Entity (“VIE”), were required to provide additional disclosures about their involvement with VIEs as well as consolidate the assets, liabilities and results of operations of the activities of its VIEs. For the Company, this includes only its development partnerships as the Company provides substantially all of the capital for these ventures (other than third party mortgage debt, if any). The Company does not have any unconsolidated VIEs. These requirements affected only disclosures and had no impact on the Company’s consolidated results of operations or financial position.

Effective January 1, 2010, more information about transfers of financial assets, including securitization transactions and where companies have continuing exposure to the risks related to transferred financial assets, will be required. The concept of a qualifying special-purpose entity will be eliminated, the requirements for derecognizing financial assets will change and additional disclosures will be required. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this will have on its consolidated results of operations and financial position.

Effective January 1, 2010, the way in which a company determines when an entity that is insufficiently capitalized or is not controlled through voting (or similar) rights should be consolidated will change. The determination of whether a company is required to consolidate an entity will be based on, among other things, an entity’s purpose and design and a company’s ability to direct the activities of the entity that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this will have on its consolidated results of operations and financial position.

Effective December 31, 2003, the Company was required to make certain disclosures regarding noncontrolling interests that are classified as equity in the financial statements of a subsidiary but would be classified as a liability in the parent’s financial statements (e.g., noncontrolling interests in consolidated limited-life subsidiaries). The Company is presently the controlling partner in various consolidated partnerships consisting of 26 properties and 5,126 units and various uncompleted development properties having a noncontrolling interest book value of $12.3 million at September 30, 2009. Some of these partnership agreements contain provisions that require the partnerships to be liquidated through the sale of their assets upon reaching a date specified in each respective partnership agreement. The Company, as controlling partner, has an obligation to cause the property owning partnerships to distribute the proceeds of liquidation to the Noncontrolling Interests (see definition below) in these Partially Owned Properties only to the extent that the net proceeds received by the partnerships from the sale of their assets warrant a distribution based on the partnership agreements. As of September 30, 2009, the Company estimates the value of Noncontrolling Interest distributions would have been approximately $45.4 million (“Settlement Value”) had the partnerships been liquidated. This Settlement Value is based on estimated third party consideration realized by the partnerships upon disposition of the Partially Owned Properties and is net of all other assets and liabilities, including yield maintenance on the mortgages encumbering the properties, that would have been due on September 30, 2009 had those mortgages been prepaid. Due to, among other things, the inherent uncertainty in the sale of real estate assets, the amount of any potential distribution to the Noncontrolling Interests in the Company’s Partially Owned Properties is subject to change. To the extent that the partnerships’ underlying assets are worth less than the underlying liabilities, the Company has no obligation to remit any consideration to the Noncontrolling Interests in these Partially Owned Properties.

Effective January 1, 2008, the rules governing fair value measurements changed. These rules established a comprehensive framework for measuring fair value in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States and required expanded disclosures about fair value measurements. This did not have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations or financial position. See Note 11 for further discussion.

 

11


Effective January 1, 2008, companies were permitted to elect a “Fair Value Option” under which a company may irrevocably elect fair value as the initial and subsequent measurement attribute for certain financial instruments. The Fair Value Option is available on a contract-by-contract basis with changes in fair value recognized in earnings as those changes occur. The Company decided not to adopt this optional standard.

Effective for the quarter ended June 30, 2009, disclosures about fair value of financial instruments are required for interim reporting periods in summarized financial information for publicly traded companies as well as in annual financial statements. This does not have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations or financial position. See Note 11 for further discussion.

Effective for business combinations on or after January 1, 2009, an acquiring entity is required to recognize all assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a transaction at the acquisition-date fair value with limited exceptions. In addition, an acquiring entity is required to expense acquisition-related costs as incurred (amounts are included in the other expenses line item in the consolidated statements of operations), value noncontrolling interests at fair value at the acquisition date and expense restructuring costs associated with an acquired business. Due to the current decline in the Company’s acquisition activities, this has not had a material effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations or financial position.

Effective January 1, 2009, a noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary (minority interest) is in most cases an ownership interest in the consolidated entity that should be reported as equity in the consolidated financial statements and separate from the parent company’s equity. In addition, consolidated net income is required to be reported at amounts that include the amounts attributable to both the parent and the noncontrolling interest and the amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and the noncontrolling interest are required to be disclosed on the face of the Consolidated Statements of Operations. Other than modifications to allocations and presentation, this does not have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations or financial position. See Note 3 for further discussion.

Effective January 1, 2009, in an effort to improve financial standards for derivative instruments and hedging activities, companies are required to enhance disclosures to enable investors to better understand their effects on an entity’s financial position, financial performance and cash flows. Among other requirements, entities are required to provide enhanced disclosures about: (1) how and why an entity uses derivative instruments; (2) how derivative instruments and related hedged items are accounted for; and (3) how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect an entity’s financial position, financial performance and cash flows. Other than the enhanced disclosure requirements, this does not have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements. See Note 11 for further discussion.

Effective for the quarter ended June 30, 2009, companies are required to disclose the date through which an entity has evaluated subsequent events in accordance with general standards of accounting for and disclosure of events that occur after the balance sheet date but before financial statements are issued or are available to be issued. For public companies, this is the date the financial statements are issued. This does not have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations or financial position.

Effective January 1, 2009, issuers of certain convertible debt instruments that may be settled in cash on conversion were required to separately account for the liability and equity components of the instrument in a manner that reflects each issuer’s nonconvertible debt borrowing rate. As the Company was required to apply this retrospectively, the accounting for the Operating Partnership’s $650.0 million ($531.1 million outstanding at September 30, 2009) 3.85% convertible unsecured notes that were issued in August 2006 and mature in August 2026 was affected. The amount of the conversion option as of the date of issuance calculated by the Company was $44.3 million and is being amortized to interest expense over the expected life of the convertible notes (through the first put date on August 18, 2011). Total

 

12


amortization of the cash discount and conversion option discount on the unsecured notes resulted in a reduction to earnings of approximately $7.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and is anticipated to result in a reduction to earnings of approximately $9.3 million during the full year of 2009 assuming the Company does not repurchase any additional amounts of this debt. In addition, the Company decreased the January 1, 2009 balance of retained earnings by $27.0 million, decreased the January 1, 2009 balance of notes by $17.3 million and increased the January 1, 2009 balance of paid in capital by $44.3 million. Due to the required retrospective application, it resulted in a reduction to earnings of approximately $7.6 million or $0.03 per share for the nine months ended September 30, 2008.

 

3.

Equity and Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests

The following tables present the changes in the Company’s issued and outstanding Common Shares and “Units” (which includes OP Units and Long-Term Incentive Plan (“LTIP”) Units) for the nine months ended September 30, 2009:

 

     2009  

Common Shares

  

Common Shares outstanding at January 1,

     272,786,760   

Common Shares Issued:

  

Conversion of Series E Preferred Shares

     612   

Conversion of OP Units

     2,441,029   

Exercise of options

     352,222   

Employee Share Purchase Plan

     300,471   

Restricted share grants, net

     313,776   

Common Shares Other:

  

Repurchased and retired

     (47,450
        

Common Shares outstanding at September 30,

     276,147,420   
        

Units

  

Units outstanding at January 1,

     16,679,777   

LTIP Units, net

     154,616   

OP Units issued through consolidations

     32,061   

Conversion of Series B Junior Preference Units

     7,517   

Conversion of OP Units to Common Shares

     (2,441,029
        

Units outstanding at September 30,

     14,432,942   
        

Total Common Shares and Units outstanding at September 30,

     290,580,362   
        

Units Ownership Interest in Operating Partnership

     5.0%   

LTIP Units Issued:

  

Issuance – per unit

   $ 0.50   

Issuance – contribution valuation

   $ 0.1 million   

OP Units Issued:

  

Consolidations – per unit

   $ 26.50   

Consolidations – valuation

   $ 0.8 million   
  

Conversion of Series B Junior Preference Units – per unit

   $ 24.50   

Conversion of Series B Junior Preference Units – valuation

   $ 0.2 million   

In September 2009, the Company announced the creation of an At-The-Market (“ATM”) share offering program which would allow the Company to sell up to 17.0 million Common Shares from time to time over the next three years into the existing trading market at current market prices as well as through negotiated transactions. During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, no shares were issued through the ATM program.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the Company repurchased 47,450 of its Common Shares at an average price of $23.69 per share for total consideration of $1.1 million. These shares were retired subsequent to the repurchases. All of the shares repurchased during the nine months ended September 30, 2009 were repurchased from employees at the then current market prices to cover the minimum statutory tax withholding obligations related to the vesting of employees’ restricted shares. EQR has authorization to repurchase an additional $466.5 million of its shares as of September 30, 2009.

 

13


The equity positions of various individuals and entities that contributed their properties to the Operating Partnership in exchange for OP Units, as well as the equity positions of the holders of LTIP Units, are collectively referred to as the “Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership”. Subject to certain exceptions (including the “book-up” requirements of LTIP Units), the Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership may exchange their Units with EQR for EQR Common Shares on a one-for-one basis. The carrying value of the Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership is based on the proportional relationship between the carrying values of equity associated with EQR’s Common Shares relative to that of the Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership. Net income is allocated to the Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership based on the weighted average ownership percentage during the period.

A portion of the Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership Units are classified as mezzanine equity as they do not meet the requirements for permanent equity classification. The Operating Partnership has the right but not the obligation to make a cash payment to any and all holders of Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership Units requesting an exchange from EQR. Once the Operating Partnership elects not to redeem the Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership Units for cash, EQR is obligated to deliver EQR Common Shares to the exchanging holder of the Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership Units. If EQR is required, either by contract or securities law, to deliver registered EQR Common Shares, such Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership are differentiated and referred to as “Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership”. Instruments that require settlement in registered shares can not be classified in permanent equity as it is not always completely within an issuer’s control to deliver registered shares. Therefore, settlement in cash is assumed and that responsibility for settlement in cash is deemed to fall to the Operating Partnership as the primary source of cash for EQR, resulting in presentation in the mezzanine section of the balance sheet. The Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership are adjusted to the greater of carrying value or fair market value based on the Common Share price of EQR at the end of each respective reporting period. EQR has the ability to deliver unregistered EQR Common Shares for the remaining portion of the Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership Units that are classified in permanent equity at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008.

The carrying value of the Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership is allocated based on the number of Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership Units in proportion to the number of Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership Units in total. Such percentage of the total carrying value of Units which is ascribed to the Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership is then adjusted to the greater of carrying value or fair market value as described above. As of September 30, 2009, the Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership have a redemption value of approximately $236.3 million, which represents the value of EQR Common Shares that would be issued in exchange with the Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership Units.

The following table presents the change in the redemption value of the Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 (amounts in thousands):

 

     2009  

Balance at January 1,

   $ 264,394   

Change in market value

     (7,168

Change in carrying value

     (20,893
        

Balance at September 30,

   $ 236,333   
        

Net proceeds from the Company’s Common Share and Preferred Share (see definition below) offerings are contributed by the Company to the Operating Partnership. In return for those contributions, EQR receives a number of OP Units in the Operating Partnership equal to the number of Common Shares it has issued in the equity offering (or in the case of a preferred equity offering, a number of preference units in the Operating Partnership equal in number and having the same terms as the Preferred Shares issued in the equity offering). As a result, the net offering proceeds from Common Shares and Preferred Shares are allocated between shareholders’ equity and Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership to account for the change in their respective percentage ownership of the underlying equity of the Operating Partnership.

The Company’s declaration of trust authorizes the Company to issue up to 100,000,000 preferred shares of beneficial interest, $0.01 par value per share (the “Preferred Shares”), with specific rights, preferences and other attributes as the Board of Trustees may determine, which may include preferences, powers and rights that are senior to the rights of holders of the Company’s Common Shares.

 

14


The following table presents the Company’s issued and outstanding Preferred Shares as of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008:

 

                Amounts in thousands
            Annual
Dividend per
Share (3)
  September 30,
2009
  December 31,
2008
    Redemption
Date (1) (2)
  Conversion
Rate (2)
     

Preferred Shares of beneficial interest, $0.01 par value;
100,000,000 shares authorized:

         

7.00% Series E Cumulative Convertible Preferred;
liquidation value $25 per share; 328,466 and 329,016 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively

  11/1/98   1.1128   $   1.75     $ 8,212   $ 8,225

7.00% Series H Cumulative Convertible Preferred;
liquidation value $25 per share; 22,459 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008

  6/30/98   1.4480   $   1.75       561     561

8.29% Series K Cumulative Redeemable Preferred;
liquidation value $50 per share; 1,000,000 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008

  12/10/26   N/A   $   4.145     50,000     50,000

6.48% Series N Cumulative Redeemable Preferred;
liquidation value $250 per share; 600,000 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008 (4)

  6/19/08   N/A   $ 16.20       150,000     150,000
                 
        $ 208,773   $ 208,786
                 

 

(1)

On or after the redemption date, redeemable preferred shares (Series K and N) may be redeemed for cash at the option of the Company, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to the liquidation price per share, plus accrued and unpaid distributions, if any.

(2)

On or after the redemption date, convertible preferred shares (Series E & H) may be redeemed under certain circumstances at the option of the Company for cash (in the case of Series E) or Common Shares (in the case of Series H), in whole or in part, at various redemption prices per share based upon the contractual conversion rate, plus accrued and unpaid distributions, if any.

(3)

Dividends on all series of Preferred Shares are payable quarterly at various pay dates. The dividend listed for Series N is a Preferred Share rate and the equivalent Depositary Share annual dividend is $1.62 per share.

(4)

The Series N Preferred Shares have a corresponding depositary share that consists of ten times the number of shares and one-tenth the liquidation value and dividend per share.

The following table presents the Operating Partnership’s issued and outstanding Junior Convertible Preference Units (the “Junior Preference Units”) as of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008:

 

                Amounts in thousands
            Annual
Dividend
per Unit (1)
  September 30,
2009
  December 31,
2008
    Redemption
Date
  Conversion
Rate
     

Junior Preference Units:

         

Series B Junior Convertible Preference Units;
liquidation value $25 per unit; 0 and 7,367 units issued and outstanding at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively

  7/29/09   1.020408   $2.00(2)   $ -   $ 184
                 
        $ -   $ 184
                 

 

(1)

Dividends on the Junior Preference Units are payable quarterly at various pay dates.

(2)

On July 30, 2009, the Operating Partnership elected to convert all 7,367 Series B Junior Preference Units into 7,517 OP Units. The actual preference unit dividends declared for the period outstanding in 2009 was $1.17 per unit.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the Company acquired all of its partners’ interests in five partially owned properties consisting of 1,587 units for $9.2 million. In addition, the Company also acquired a portion of the outside partner interests in two partially owned properties, one funded using cash of $2.1 million and the other funded through the issuance of 32,061 OP Units valued at $0.8 million. In conjunction with these transactions, the Company reduced paid in capital by $1.5 million and Noncontrolling Interests – Partially Owned Properties by $11.7 million.

 

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4.

Real Estate

The following table summarizes the carrying amounts for the Company’s investment in real estate (at cost) as of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008 (amounts in thousands):

 

     September 30,
2009
    December 31,
2008
 

Land

   $ 3,629,701      $ 3,671,299   

Depreciable property:

    

Buildings and improvements

     12,656,386        12,836,310   

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

     1,099,224        1,072,284   

Projects under development:

    

Land

     138,410        175,355   

Construction-in-progress

     615,421        680,118   

Land held for development:

    

Land

     181,430        205,757   

Construction-in-progress

     57,728        49,116   
                

Investment in real estate

     18,378,300        18,690,239   

Accumulated depreciation

     (3,785,198     (3,561,300
                

Investment in real estate, net

   $ 14,593,102      $ 15,128,939   
                

During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the Company acquired the 75% equity interest in one previously unconsolidated property it did not already own consisting of 250 units with a gross sales price of $18.5 million from its institutional joint venture partner.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the Company disposed of the following to unaffiliated parties (sales price in thousands):

 

     Properties    Units    Sales
Price

Rental Properties:

        

Consolidated

   47    8,819    $ 734,509

Unconsolidated (1)

   3    732      57,700

Condominium Conversion Properties

   1    50      9,786
                

Total

   51    9,601    $ 801,995
                

 

  (1)

The Company owned a 25% interest in these unconsolidated rental properties. Sales price listed is the gross sales price. The Company’s buyout of its partner’s interest in one previously unconsolidated property is not included in the above totals.

The Company recognized a net gain on sales of discontinued operations of approximately $274.9 million and a net gain on sales of unconsolidated entities of approximately $6.7 million on the above sales.

 

5.

Commitments to Acquire/Dispose of Real Estate

As of October 30, 2009, in addition to the property that was subsequently acquired as discussed in Note 16, the Company had entered into separate agreements to acquire three rental properties consisting of 686 units for $134.7 million.

As of October 30, 2009, in addition to the properties that were subsequently disposed of as discussed in Note 16, the Company had entered into separate agreements to dispose of the following (sales price in thousands):

 

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     Properties    Units    Sales
Price

Rental Properties:

        

Consolidated

   29    5,660    $ 443,111

Unconsolidated

   2    444      22,100
                

Total

   31    6,104    $ 465,211
                

The closings of these pending transactions are subject to certain conditions and restrictions, therefore, there can be no assurance that these transactions will be consummated or that the final terms will not differ in material respects from those summarized in the preceding paragraphs.

 

6.

Investments in Partially Owned Entities

The Company has co-invested in various properties with unrelated third parties which are either consolidated or accounted for under the equity method of accounting (unconsolidated). The following table summarizes the Company’s investments in partially owned entities as of September 30, 2009 (amounts in thousands except for project and unit amounts):

 

     Consolidated    Unconsolidated
     Development Projects               
     Held for
and/or Under
Development
   Completed,
Not
Stabilized (4)
   Completed
and
Stabilized
   Other    Total    Institutional
Joint
Ventures (5)

Total projects (1)

     -      3      2      21      26      37
                                         

Total units (1)

     -      898      432      3,796      5,126      8,788
                                         

Debt – Secured (2):

                 

EQR Ownership (3)

   $ 340,813    $ 192,516    $ 61,260    $ 219,171    $ 813,760    $ 105,266

Noncontrolling Ownership

     -      -      -      82,786      82,786      315,798
                                         

Total (at 100%)

   $ 340,813    $ 192,516    $ 61,260    $ 301,957    $ 896,546    $ 421,064
                                         

 

(1)

Project and unit counts exclude all uncompleted development projects until those projects are completed.

(2)

All debt is non-recourse to the Company with the exception of $42.2 million in mortgage debt on various development projects. In addition, $66.0 million in mortgage debt on one development project will become recourse to the Company upon completion of that project.

(3)

Represents the Company’s current economic ownership interest.

(4)

Projects included here are substantially complete. However, they may still require additional exterior and interior work for all units to be available for leasing.

(5)

Unconsolidated debt maturities and rates for institutional joint ventures are as follows: $112.6 million, May 1, 2010, 8.33%; $121.0 million, December 1, 2010, 7.54%; $143.8 million, March 1, 2011, 6.95%; and $43.6 million, July 1, 2019, 5.305%. A portion of this mortgage debt is also partially collateralized by $22.0 million in unconsolidated restricted cash set aside from the net proceeds of property sales. The Company acquired its partner’s interest in one of the previously unconsolidated properties containing 250 units in the third quarter of 2009 for $18.5 million and as a result, the project is now consolidated and wholly owned.

 

7.

Deposits – Restricted

The following table presents the Company’s restricted deposits as of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008 (amounts in thousands):

 

     September 30,
2009
   December 31,
2008

Tax–deferred (1031) exchange proceeds

   $ 246,835    $ -

Earnest money on pending acquisitions

     1,200      1,200

Restricted deposits on debt (1)

     61,574      96,229

Resident security and utility deposits

     39,472      41,478

Other

     10,941      13,825
             

Totals

   $ 360,022    $ 152,732
             

 

  (1)

Primarily represents amounts held in escrow by the lender and released as draw requests are made on fully funded development mortgage loans.

 

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8.

Mortgage Notes Payable

As of September 30, 2009, the Company had outstanding mortgage debt of approximately $4.9 billion.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the Company:

 

   

Repaid $788.2 million of mortgage loans;

   

Obtained $500.0 million of mortgage loan proceeds through the issuance of an 11-year cross-collateralized loan with an all-in fixed interest rate for 10 years at approximately 5.6% secured by 13 properties;

   

Obtained $157.8 million of new mortgage loans on development properties;

   

Recognized a gain on early debt extinguishment of $2.4 million and wrote-off approximately $1.0 million of unamortized deferred financing costs; and

   

Was released from $4.4 million of mortgage debt assumed by the purchaser on a disposed property.

As of September 30, 2009, scheduled maturities for the Company’s outstanding mortgage indebtedness were at various dates through September 1, 2048. At September 30, 2009, the interest rate range on the Company’s mortgage debt was 0.20% to 12.465%. During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the weighted average interest rate on the Company’s mortgage debt was 4.90%.

 

9.

Notes

As of September 30, 2009, the Company had outstanding unsecured notes of approximately $4.9 billion.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the Company repurchased at par $105.2 million of its 4.75% fixed rate public notes due June 15, 2009 and $185.2 million of its 6.95% fixed rate public notes due March 2, 2011 pursuant to a cash tender offer announced on January 16, 2009. The Company wrote-off approximately $0.4 million of unamortized deferred financing costs and approximately $1.1 million of unamortized discounts on notes payable in connection with these repurchases. In addition, the Company repaid the remaining $122.2 million of its 4.75% fixed rate public notes at maturity and $75.8 million of its 5.20% fixed rate tax-exempt notes during the nine months ended September 30, 2009.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the Company repurchased $17.5 million of its 3.85% convertible fixed rate public notes due August 15, 2026 at a discount to par of approximately 11.6%. The Company recognized a gain on early debt extinguishment of $2.0 million and wrote-off approximately $0.1 million of unamortized deferred financing costs and approximately $0.8 million of unamortized discounts on notes payable in connection with these repurchases.

As of September 30, 2009, scheduled maturities for the Company’s outstanding notes were at various dates through 2028. At September 30, 2009, the interest rate range on the Company’s notes was 0.34% to 7.57%. During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the weighted average interest rate on the Company’s notes was 5.32%.

 

10.

Lines of Credit

The Operating Partnership has a $1.5 billion unsecured revolving credit facility maturing on February 28, 2012, with the ability to increase available borrowings by an additional $500.0 million by adding additional banks to the facility or obtaining the agreement of existing banks to increase their commitments. Advances under the credit facility bear interest at variable rates based upon LIBOR at various interest periods plus a spread (currently 0.5%) dependent upon the Operating Partnership’s credit rating or based on bids received from the lending group. EQR has guaranteed the Operating Partnership’s credit facility up to the maximum amount and for the full term of the facility.

During the year ended December 31, 2008, one of the providers of the Operating Partnership’s unsecured revolving credit facility declared bankruptcy. Under the existing terms of the credit facility, the provider’s share is up to $75.0 million of potential borrowings. As a result, the Operating Partnership’s borrowing capacity under the unsecured revolving credit facility has, in essence, been permanently reduced to $1.425 billion of potential borrowings. The obligation to fund by all of the other providers has not changed.

 

18


As of September 30, 2009, the amount available on the credit facility was $1.36 billion (net of $68.5 million which was restricted/dedicated to support letters of credit and net of the $75.0 million discussed above). The Company did not draw on its revolving credit facility at any time during the nine months ended September 30, 2009.

 

11.

Derivative and Other Fair Value Instruments

The valuation of financial instruments requires the Company to make estimates and judgments that affect the fair value of the instruments. The Company, where possible, bases the fair values of its financial instruments, including its derivative instruments, on listed market prices and third party quotes. Where these are not available, the Company bases its estimates on current instruments with similar terms and maturities or on other factors relevant to the financial instruments.

The carrying value of the Company’s mortgage notes payable and unsecured notes were both approximately $4.9 billion at September 30, 2009. The fair value of the Company’s mortgage notes payable and unsecured notes were approximately $4.8 billion and $5.1 billion, respectively, at September 30, 2009. The fair values of the Company’s financial instruments, other than mortgage notes payable, unsecured notes, derivative instruments and investment securities, including cash and cash equivalents, lines of credit and other financial instruments, approximate their carrying or contract values.

In the normal course of business, the Company is exposed to the effect of interest rate changes. The Company seeks to limit these risks by following established risk management policies and procedures including the use of derivatives to hedge interest rate risk on debt instruments.

The following table summarizes the Company’s consolidated derivative instruments at September 30, 2009 (dollar amounts are in thousands):

 

     Fair Value
Hedges (1)
   Forward
Starting
Swaps (2)
   Development
Cash Flow
Hedges (3)

Current Notional Balance

   $ 115,693    $ 100,000    $ 147,465

Lowest Possible Notional

   $ 115,693    $ 100,000    $ 20,330

Highest Possible Notional

   $ 117,694    $ 100,000    $ 194,111

Lowest Interest Rate

     2.637%      4.306%      4.059%

Highest Interest Rate

     4.800%      4.306%      4.940%

Earliest Maturity Date

     2012      2021      2009

Latest Maturity Date

     2013      2021      2011

 

  (1)

Fair Value Hedges – Convert outstanding fixed rate debt to a floating interest rate.

  (2)

Forward Starting Swaps – Designed to partially fix the interest rate in advance of a planned future debt issuance. These swaps have a mandatory counterparty termination in 2012.

  (3)

Development Cash Flow Hedges – Convert outstanding floating rate debt to a fixed interest rate.

The following table provides the location of the Company’s derivative instruments within the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets and their fair market values as of September 30, 2009 (amounts in thousands):

 

     Asset Derivatives    Liability Derivatives  
     Balance Sheet
Location
   Fair Value    Balance Sheet
Location
   Fair Value  

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:

           

Interest Rate Contracts:

           

Fair Value Hedges

   Other assets    $ 5,463    Other liabilities    $ -   

Forward Starting Swaps

   Other assets      -    Other liabilities      (1,433

Development Cash Flow Hedges

   Other assets      -    Other liabilities      (3,998
                     

Total

      $ 5,463       $ (5,431
                     

 

19


The following table provides a summary of the effect of fair value hedges on the Company’s accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 (amounts in thousands):

 

Type of Fair Value Hedge

   Location of Gain/(Loss)
Recognized in Income
on Derivative
   Amount of Gain/(Loss)
Recognized in Income
on Derivative
    Hedged Item    Income Statement
Location of Hedged
Item Gain/(Loss)
   Amount of Gain/(Loss)
Recognized in Income
on Hedged Item

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:

             

Interest Rate Contracts:

             

Interest Rate Swaps

   Interest expense    $ (890   Fixed rate debt    Interest expense    $ 890
                       

Total

      $ (890         $ 890
                       

The following table provides a summary of the effect of cash flow hedges on the Company’s accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 (amounts in thousands):

 

Type of Cash Flow Hedge

   Effective Portion     Ineffective Portion
   Amount of
Gain/(Loss)
Recognized in OCI
on Derivative
   Location of Gain/(Loss)
Reclassified from
Accumulated OCI into
Income
   Amount of Gain/(Loss)
Reclassified from
Accumulated OCI
into Income
    Location of
Gain/(Loss)
Recognized in Income
on Derivative
   Amount of Gain/(Loss)
Reclassified from
Accumulated OCI
into Income

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:

             

Interest Rate Contracts:

             

Forward Starting Swaps/Treasury Locks

   $ 9,370    Interest expense    $ (3,014   N/A    $ -

Development Interest Rate Swaps/Caps

     2,823    Interest expense      -      N/A      -
                           

Total

   $ 12,193       $ (3,014      $ -
                           

As of September 30, 2009, there were approximately $22.0 million in deferred losses, net, included in accumulated other comprehensive loss. Based on the estimated fair values of the net derivative instruments at September 30, 2009, the Company may recognize an estimated $5.7 million of accumulated other comprehensive loss as additional interest expense during the twelve months ending September 30, 2010.

In January 2009, the Company received approximately $0.4 million to terminate a fair value hedge of interest rates in conjunction with the public tender of the Company’s 4.75% fixed rate public notes due June 15, 2009. Approximately $0.2 million of the settlement received was deferred and recognized as a reduction of interest expense through the maturity on June 15, 2009.

In April and May 2009, the Company received approximately $10.8 million to terminate six treasury locks in conjunction with the issuance of a $500.0 million 11-year mortgage loan. The entire amount was deferred as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss and will be recognized as a reduction of interest expense over the first ten years of the mortgage loan.

The Company has invested in various investment securities in an effort to increase the amounts earned on the significant amount of unrestricted cash on hand throughout 2008 and 2009. During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the Company sold a majority of its investment securities, receiving proceeds of approximately $215.8 million, and recorded a $4.9 million realized gain on sale (specific identification) which is included in interest and other income. The following table sets forth the maturity, amortized cost, gross unrealized gains and losses, book/fair value and interest and other income of the various investment securities held as of September 30, 2009 (amounts in thousands):

 

          Other Assets     

Security

   Maturity   

Amortized
Cost

  

Unrealized
Gains

  

Unrealized
Losses

  

Book/
Fair Value

  

    Interest and    

Other Income

Held-to-Maturity

                 

FDIC-insured promissory notes

   Less than one year    $ -    $ -    $ -    $ -    $ 458
                                     

Total Held-to-Maturity

        -      -      -      -      458

Available-for-Sale

                 

FDIC-insured certificates of deposit

   Less than one year      -      -      -      -      428

Other

   Between one and
five years or N/A
     675      339      -      1,014      7,754
                                     

Total Available-for-Sale

        675      339      -      1,014      8,182
                                     

Grand Total

      $ 675    $ 339    $ -    $ 1,014    $ 8,640
                                     

 

20


A three-level valuation hierarchy exists for disclosure of fair value measurements. The valuation hierarchy is based upon the transparency of inputs to the valuation of an asset or liability as of the measurement date. A financial instrument’s categorization within the valuation hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The three levels are defined as follows:

 

   

Level 1 – Inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.

 

   

Level 2 – Inputs to the valuation methodology include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, and inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument.

 

   

Level 3 – Inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to the fair value measurement.

The Company’s derivative positions are valued using models developed by the respective counterparty as well as models developed internally by the Company that use as their basis readily observable market parameters (such as forward yield curves and credit default swap data) and are classified within Level 2 of the valuation hierarchy. In addition, employee holdings other than EQR Common Shares within the supplemental executive retirement plan (the “SERP”) have a fair value of $51.7 million as of September 30, 2009 and are included in other assets and other liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet. These SERP investments are valued using quoted market prices for identical assets and are classified within Level 1 of the valuation hierarchy.

The Company’s investment securities are valued using quoted market prices or readily available market interest rate data. The quoted market prices are classified within Level 1 of the valuation hierarchy and the market interest rate data are classified within Level 2 of the valuation hierarchy.

The Company’s real estate asset impairment charge was the result of an analysis of the parcel’s fair value (determined using internally developed models that were based on market assumptions and comparable sales data) (Level 3) compared to its current capitalized carrying value. The valuation technique used to measure fair value is consistent with how similar assets were measured in prior periods. See Note 16 for further discussion.

 

12.

Earnings Per Share

The following tables set forth the computation of net income per share – basic and net income per share – diluted (amounts in thousands except per share amounts):

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
    Quarter Ended
September 30,
 
     2009     2008     2009     2008  

Numerator for net income per share – basic:

        

Income from continuing operations

   $ 45,195      $ 70,787      $ 12,824      $ 26,094   

Allocation to Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership, net

     (1,934     (3,583     (520     (1,350

Net loss (income) attributable to Noncontrolling Interests – Partially Owned Properties

     391        (1,765     317        (106

Net income attributable to Preference Interests and Units

     (9     (11     (2     (4

Preferred distributions

     (10,859     (10,887     (3,619     (3,628
                                

Income from continuing operations available to Common Shares, net of Noncontrolling Interests

     32,784        54,541        9,000        21,006   

Discontinued operations, net of Noncontrolling Interests

     273,338        378,820        123,362        151,240   
                                

Numerator for net income per share – basic

   $ 306,122      $ 433,361      $ 132,362      $ 172,246   
                                

Numerator for net income per share – diluted:

        

Income from continuing operations

   $ 45,195      $ 70,787      $ 12,824      $ 26,094   

Net loss (income) attributable to Noncontrolling Interests – Partially Owned Properties

     391        (1,765     317        (106

Net income attributable to Preference Interests and Units

     (9     (11     (2     (4

Preferred distributions

     (10,859     (10,887     (3,619     (3,628
                                

Income from continuing operations available to Common Shares

     34,718        58,124        9,520        22,356   

Discontinued operations, net

     289,523        403,859        130,541        161,031   
                                

Numerator for net income per share – diluted

   $ 324,241      $ 461,983      $ 140,061      $ 183,387   
                                

 

21


     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
   Quarter Ended
September 30,
     2009    2008    2009    2008

Denominator for net income per share – basic and diluted:

           

Denominator for net income per share – basic

     272,966      269,582      273,658      270,345

Effect of dilutive securities:

           

OP Units

     16,024      17,840      15,604      17,398

Long-term compensation award shares/units

     528      2,845      953      3,052
                           

Denominator for net income per share – diluted

     289,518      290,267      290,215      290,795
                           

Net income per share – basic

   $ 1.12    $ 1.61    $ 0.48    $ 0.64
                           

Net income per share – diluted

   $ 1.12    $ 1.59    $ 0.48    $ 0.63
                           

Net income per share – basic:

           

Income from continuing operations available to Common Shares, net of Noncontrolling Interests

   $ 0.120    $ 0.203    $ 0.033    $ 0.078

Discontinued operations, net of Noncontrolling Interests

     1.001      1.405      0.451      0.559
                           

Net income per share – basic

   $ 1.121    $ 1.608    $ 0.484    $ 0.637
                           

Net income per share – diluted:

           

Income from continuing operations available to Common Shares

   $ 0.120    $ 0.200    $ 0.033    $ 0.077

Discontinued operations, net

     1.000      1.392      0.450      0.554
                           

Net income per share – diluted

   $ 1.120    $ 1.592    $ 0.483    $ 0.631
                           

Convertible preferred shares/units that could be converted into 404,004 and 432,445 weighted average Common Shares for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively, and 400,489 and 419,822 weighted average Common Shares for the quarters ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively, were outstanding but were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because the effects would be anti-dilutive. In addition, the effect of the Common Shares that could ultimately be issued upon the conversion/exchange of the Operating Partnership’s $650.0 million ($531.1 million outstanding at September 30, 2009) exchangeable senior notes was not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because the effects would be anti-dilutive.

 

13.

Discontinued Operations

The Company has presented separately as discontinued operations in all periods the results of operations for all consolidated assets disposed of, all operations related to active condominium conversion properties effective upon their respective transfer into a TRS and all properties held for sale, if any.

 

22


The components of discontinued operations are outlined below and include the results of operations for the respective periods that the Company owned such assets during the nine months and quarters ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 (amounts in thousands).

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
    Quarter Ended
September 30,
 
     2009     2008     2009     2008  

REVENUES

        

Rental income

   $ 52,595      $ 120,729      $ 8,502      $ 33,910   
                                

Total revenues

     52,595        120,729        8,502        33,910   
                                

EXPENSES (1)

        

Property and maintenance

     18,707        36,972        3,857        10,796   

Real estate taxes and insurance

     6,094        14,465        1,045        3,923   

Property management

     -        (62     -        -   

Depreciation

     12,761        30,274        2,175        8,380   

General and administrative

     29        24        4        7   
                                

Total expenses

     37,591        81,673        7,081        23,106   
                                

Discontinued operating income

     15,004        39,056        1,421        10,804   

Interest and other income

     12        233        2        93   

Interest (2):

        

Expense incurred, net

     (308     (1,493     2        (479

Amortization of deferred financing costs

     (32     (3     -        (1

Income and other tax (expense) benefit

     (86     1,014        (19     359   
                                

Discontinued operations

     14,590        38,807        1,406        10,776   

Net gain on sales of discontinued operations

     274,933        365,052        129,135        150,255   
                                

Discontinued operations, net

   $ 289,523      $ 403,859      $ 130,541      $ 161,031   
                                

 

  (1)

Includes expenses paid in the current period for properties sold or held for sale in prior periods related to the Company’s period of ownership.

  (2)

Includes only interest expense specific to secured mortgage notes payable for properties sold and/or held for sale.

For the properties sold during the nine months ended September 30, 2009 (excluding condominium conversion properties), the investment in real estate, net of accumulated depreciation, and the mortgage notes payable balances at December 31, 2008 were $459.8 million and $17.8 million, respectively.

The net real estate basis of the Company’s active condominium conversion properties owned by the TRS and included in discontinued operations (excludes the Company’s halted conversions as they are now held for use), which were included in investment in real estate, net in the consolidated balance sheets, was $2.9 million and $12.6 million at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively.

 

14.

Commitments and Contingencies

The Company, as an owner of real estate, is subject to various Federal, state and local environmental laws. Compliance by the Company with existing laws has not had a material adverse effect on the Company. However, the Company cannot predict the impact of new or changed laws or regulations on its current properties or on properties that it may acquire in the future.

The Company is party to a housing discrimination lawsuit brought by a non-profit civil rights organization in April 2006 in the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland. The suit alleges that the Company designed and built approximately 300 of its properties in violation of the accessibility requirements of the Fair Housing Act and Americans with Disabilities Act. The suit seeks actual and punitive damages, injunctive relief (including modification of non-compliant properties), costs and attorneys’ fees. The Company believes it has a number of viable defenses, including that a majority of the named properties were completed before the operative dates of the statutes in question and/or were not designed or built by the Company. Accordingly, the Company is defending the suit vigorously. Due to the pendency of the Company’s defenses and the uncertainty of many other critical factual and legal issues, it is not possible to determine or predict the outcome of the suit and as a result, no amounts have been accrued at September 30, 2009. While no assurances can be given, the Company does not believe that the suit, if adversely determined, would have a material adverse effect on the Company.

 

23


The Company does not believe there is any other litigation pending or threatened against it that, individually or in the aggregate, may reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company.

The Company has established a reserve and recorded a corresponding reduction to its net gain on sales of discontinued operations related to potential liabilities associated with its condominium conversion activities. The reserve covers potential product liability related to each conversion. The Company periodically assesses the adequacy of the reserve and makes adjustments as necessary. During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the Company recorded additional reserves of approximately $2.7 million (primarily related to an insurance settlement), paid approximately $1.9 million in claims and released approximately $1.0 million of remaining reserves for settled claims. As a result, the Company had total reserves of approximately $10.1 million at September 30, 2009. While no assurances can be given, the Company does not believe that the ultimate resolution of these potential liabilities, if adversely determined, would have a material adverse effect on the Company.

As of September 30, 2009, the Company has six projects totaling 2,206 units in various stages of development with estimated completion dates ranging through June 30, 2011. Some of the projects are developed solely by the Company, while others are co-developed with various third party development partners. The development venture agreements with partners are primarily deal-specific, with differing terms regarding profit-sharing, equity contributions, returns on investment, buy-sell agreements and other customary provisions. The partner is most often the “general” or “managing” partner of the development venture. The typical buy-sell arrangements contain appraisal rights and provisions that provide the right, but not the obligation, for the Company to acquire the partner’s interest in the project at fair market value upon the expiration of a negotiated time period (typically two to five years after substantial completion of the project).

 

15.

Reportable Segments

Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is evaluated regularly by senior management. Senior management decides how resources are allocated and assesses performance on a monthly basis.

The Company’s primary business is owning, managing and operating multifamily residential properties, which includes the generation of rental and other related income through the leasing of apartment units to residents. Senior management evaluates the performance of each of our apartment communities individually and geographically, and both on a same store and non-same store basis; however, each of our apartment communities generally has similar economic characteristics, residents, products and services. The Company’s operating segments have been aggregated by geography in a manner identical to that which is provided to its chief operating decision maker.

The Company’s fee and asset management, development (including its partially owned properties), condominium conversion and corporate housing (Equity Corporate Housing or “ECH”) activities are immaterial and do not individually meet the threshold requirements of a reportable segment and as such, have been aggregated in the “Other” segment in the tables presented below.

All revenues are from external customers and there is no customer who contributed 10% or more of the Company’s total revenues during the nine months and quarters ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively.

 

24


The primary financial measure for the Company’s rental real estate segment is net operating income (“NOI”), which represents rental income less: 1) property and maintenance expense; 2) real estate taxes and insurance expense; and 3) property management expense (all as reflected in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations). The Company believes that NOI is helpful to investors as a supplemental measure of the operating performance of a real estate company because it is a direct measure of the actual operating results of the Company’s apartment communities. Current year NOI is compared to prior year NOI and current year budgeted NOI as a measure of financial performance. The following tables present NOI for each segment from our rental real estate specific to continuing operations for the nine months and quarters ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively, as well as total assets at September 30, 2009 (amounts in thousands):

 

     Nine Months Ended September 30, 2009
     Northeast    Northwest    Southeast    Southwest    Other (3)    Total

Rental income:

                 

Same store (1)

   $ 411,723    $ 277,253    $ 308,426    $ 322,756    $ -    $ 1,320,158

Non-same store/other (2) (3)

     44,783      13,383      10,039      19,429      63,591      151,225
                                         

Total rental income

     456,506      290,636      318,465      342,185      63,591      1,471,383

Operating expenses:

                 

Same store (1)

     153,994      100,084      129,932      112,489      -      496,499

Non-same store/other (2) (3)

     19,463      6,164      4,026      8,900      57,249      95,802
                                         

Total operating expenses

     173,457      106,248      133,958      121,389      57,249      592,301

NOI:

                 

Same store (1)

     257,729      177,169      178,494      210,267      -      823,659

Non-same store/other (2) (3)

     25,320      7,219      6,013      10,529      6,342      55,423
                                         

Total NOI

   $ 283,049    $ 184,388    $ 184,507    $ 220,796    $ 6,342    $ 879,082
                                         
                 

Total assets

   $ 4,956,947    $ 2,604,435    $ 2,863,736    $ 2,801,579    $ 2,564,699    $ 15,791,396
                                         

 

(1)

Same store includes properties owned for all of both periods ending September 30, 2009 and September 30, 2008 which represented 115,832 units.

(2)

Non-same store primarily includes properties acquired after January 1, 2008.

(3)

Other includes ECH, development, condominium conversion overhead of $1.6 million and other corporate operations. Also reflects a $7.4 million elimination of rental income recorded in Northeast, Northwest, Southeast and Southwest operating segments related to ECH.

 

     Nine Months Ended September 30, 2008
     Northeast    Northwest    Southeast    Southwest    Other (3)     Total

Rental income:

                

Same store (1)

   $ 416,410    $ 283,458    $ 317,833    $ 332,997    $ -      $ 1,350,698

Non-same store/other (2) (3)

     23,587      13,517      3,016      16,940      78,056        135,116
                                          

Total rental income

     439,997      296,975      320,849      349,937      78,056        1,485,814

Operating expenses:

                

Same store (1)

     151,065      99,123      130,456      113,314      -        493,958

Non-same store/other (2) (3)

     11,202      5,405      1,639      11,072      78,670        107,988
                                          

Total operating expenses

     162,267      104,528      132,095      124,386      78,670        601,946

NOI:

                

Same store (1)

     265,345      184,335      187,377      219,683      -        856,740

Non-same store/other (2) (3)

     12,385      8,112      1,377      5,868      (614     27,128
                                          

Total NOI

   $    277,730    $    192,447    $    188,754    $    225,551    $ (614   $    883,868
                                          

 

(1)

Same store includes properties owned for all of both periods ending September 30, 2009 and September 30, 2008 which represented 115,832 units.

(2)

Non-same store primarily includes properties acquired after January 1, 2008.

(3)

Other includes ECH, development, condominium conversion overhead of $2.1 million and other corporate operations. Also reflects a $10.5 million elimination of rental income recorded in Northeast, Northwest, Southeast and Southwest operating segments related to ECH.

 

25


     Quarter Ended September 30, 2009
     Northeast    Northwest    Southeast    Southwest    Other (3)    Total

Rental income:

                 

Same store (1)

   $ 143,743    $ 91,132    $ 104,690    $ 110,324    $ -    $ 449,889

Non-same store/other (2) (3)

     9,142      4,388      1,648      2,357      22,680      40,215
                                         

Total rental income

     152,885      95,520      106,338      112,681      22,680      490,104

Operating expenses:

                 

Same store (1)

     52,461      34,476      43,937      39,742      -      170,616

Non-same store/other (2) (3)

     4,077      2,055      950      1,163      21,511      29,756
                                         

Total operating expenses

     56,538      36,531      44,887      40,905      21,511      200,372

NOI:

                 

Same store (1)

     91,282      56,656      60,753      70,582      -      279,273

Non-same store/other (2) (3)

     5,065      2,333      698      1,194      1,169      10,459
                                         

Total NOI

   $ 96,347    $ 58,989    $ 61,451    $ 71,776    $ 1,169    $ 289,732
                                         

 

(1)

Same store includes properties owned for all of both quarters ending September 30, 2009 and September 30, 2008 which represented 119,121 units.

(2)

Non-same store primarily includes properties acquired after July 1, 2008.

(3)

Other includes ECH, development, condominium conversion overhead of $0.6 million and other corporate operations. Also reflects a $2.8 million elimination of rental income recorded in Northeast, Northwest, Southeast and Southwest operating segments related to ECH.

 

     Quarter Ended September 30, 2008
     Northeast    Northwest    Southeast     Southwest    Other (3)    Total

Rental income:

                

Same store (1)

   $ 148,150    $ 97,133    $ 108,841      $ 114,044    $ -    $ 468,168

Non-same store/other (2) (3)

     4,544      4,168      501        3,229      28,009      40,451
                                          

Total rental income

     152,694      101,301      109,342        117,273      28,009      508,619

Operating expenses:

                

Same store (1)

     52,183      34,074      45,069        40,234      -      171,560

Non-same store/other (2) (3)

     2,601      1,942      572        2,183      26,759      34,057
                                          

Total operating expenses

     54,784      36,016      45,641        42,417      26,759      205,617

NOI:

                

Same store (1)

     95,967      63,059      63,772        73,810      -      296,608

Non-same store/other (2) (3)

     1,943      2,226      (71     1,046      1,250      6,394
                                          

Total NOI

   $ 97,910    $ 65,285    $ 63,701      $ 74,856    $ 1,250    $ 303,002
                                          

 

(1)

Same store includes properties owned for all of both quarters ending September 30, 2009 and September 30, 2008 which represented 119,121 units.

(2)

Non-same store primarily includes properties acquired after July 1, 2008.

(3)

Other includes ECH, development, condominium conversion overhead of $0.7 million and other corporate operations. Also reflects a $3.8 million elimination of rental income recorded in Northeast, Northwest, Southeast and Southwest operating segments related to ECH.

Note: Markets included in the above geographic segments are as follows:

(a)

Northeast – New England (excluding Boston), Boston, New York Metro, DC Northern Virginia and Suburban Maryland.

(b)

Northwest – Central Valley, Denver, Portland, San Francisco Bay Area and Seattle/Tacoma.

(c)

Southeast – Atlanta, Jacksonville, Orlando, Raleigh/Durham, South Florida and Tampa.

(d)

Southwest – Albuquerque, Dallas/Ft. Worth, Inland Empire, Los Angeles, Orange County, Phoenix, San Diego and Tulsa.

 

26


The following table presents a reconciliation of NOI from our rental real estate specific to continuing operations for the nine months and quarters ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively (amounts in thousands):

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
    Quarter Ended
September 30,
 
     2009     2008     2009     2008  

Rental income

   $ 1,471,383      $ 1,485,814      $ 490,104      $ 508,619   

Property and maintenance expense

     (374,067     (389,042     (125,904     (134,658

Real estate taxes and insurance expense

     (161,777     (153,317     (55,743     (52,039

Property management expense

     (56,457     (59,587     (18,725     (18,920
                                

Total operating expenses

     (592,301     (601,946     (200,372     (205,617
                                

Net operating income

   $ 879,082      $ 883,868      $ 289,732      $ 303,002   
                                

 

16.

Subsequent Events/Other

Subsequent Events

Subsequent to September 30, 2009 and up until the time of this filing, the Company:

 

   

Acquired one apartment property consisting of 326 units for $99.5 million;

   

Sold five consolidated apartment properties consisting of 1,480 units for $126.9 million (excluding condominium units) and one unconsolidated apartment property consisting of 238 units for $11.2 million (sales price listed is the gross sales price);

   

Obtained $40.0 million of new mortgage debt;

   

Repaid $164.5 million of mortgage loans;

   

Entered into $200.0 million of forward starting swaps to hedge changes in interest rates related to future secured or unsecured debt issuances; and

   

Entered into $200.0 million of fair value interest rate swaps to convert a portion of its fixed rate 2013 unsecured notes to a floating rate of interest.

Other

During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the Company recorded an approximate $11.1 million non-cash asset impairment charge on a parcel of land held for development. This charge was the result of an analysis of the parcel’s estimated fair value (determined using internally developed models based on market assumptions and comparable sales data) compared to its current capitalized carrying value.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, the Company recorded approximately $1.3 million and $2.2 million of additional general and administrative expense, respectively, and $1.3 million and $0.3 million of additional property management expense, respectively, related primarily to cash severance for various employees.

 

27


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

For further information including definitions for capitalized terms not defined herein, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008.

Forward-Looking Statements

Forward-looking statements in this report are intended to be made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are based on current expectations, estimates, projections and assumptions made by management. While the Company’s management believes the assumptions underlying its forward-looking statements are reasonable, such information is inherently subject to uncertainties and may involve certain risks, which could cause actual results, performance or achievements of the Company to differ materially from anticipated future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Many of these uncertainties and risks are difficult to predict and beyond management’s control. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance, results or events. The forward-looking statements contained herein are made as of the date hereof and the Company undertakes no obligation to update or supplement these forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause such differences include, but are not limited to the following:

 

   

We intend to actively acquire multifamily properties for rental operations as market conditions dictate. The Company does not currently intend to begin the development of any new wholly-owned projects but does have several properties under development and may commence new development activities if conditions warrant. We may underestimate the costs necessary to bring an acquired property up to standards established for its intended market position or to complete a development property. Additionally, we expect that other major real estate investors with significant capital will compete with us for attractive investment opportunities or may also develop properties in markets where we focus our development efforts. This competition may increase prices for multifamily properties. We may not be in a position or have the opportunity in the future to make suitable property acquisitions on favorable terms. To the extent that we do develop more properties if conditions warrant, we expect to do so ourselves in addition to co-investing with our development partners. The total number of development units, costs of development and estimated completion dates are subject to uncertainties arising from changing economic conditions (such as the cost of labor and construction materials), competition and local government regulation;

   

Sources of capital to the Company or labor and materials required for maintenance, repair, capital expenditure or development may be more expensive than anticipated;

   

Occupancy levels and market rents may be adversely affected by national and local economic and market conditions including, without limitation, new construction and excess inventory of multifamily housing and single family housing, slow or negative employment growth, availability of low interest mortgages for single family home buyers and the potential for geopolitical instability, all of which are beyond the Company’s control; and

   

Additional factors as discussed in Part I of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, particularly those under “Item 1A. Risk Factors”.

Forward-looking statements and related uncertainties are also included in Notes 2, 5, 11 and 14 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in this report.

Overview

Equity Residential (“EQR”), a Maryland real estate investment trust (“REIT”) formed in March 1993, is an S&P 500 company focused on the acquisition, development and management of high quality apartment properties in top United States growth markets. EQR has elected to be taxed as a REIT.

The Company is one of the largest publicly traded real estate companies and is the largest publicly traded owner of multifamily properties in the United States (based on the aggregate market value of its outstanding Common Shares, the number of apartment units wholly owned and total revenues earned). The Company’s corporate headquarters are located in Chicago, Illinois and the Company also operates property management offices throughout the United States. As of September 30, 2009, the Company has approximately 4,300 employees who provide real estate operations, leasing, legal, financial, accounting, acquisition, disposition, development and other support functions.

 

28


EQR is the general partner of, and as of September 30, 2009 owned an approximate 95.0% ownership interest in, ERP Operating Limited Partnership, an Illinois limited partnership (the “Operating Partnership”). The Company is structured as an umbrella partnership REIT (“UPREIT”) under which all property ownership and related business operations are conducted through the Operating Partnership and its subsidiaries. References to the “Company” include EQR, the Operating Partnership and those entities owned or controlled by the Operating Partnership and/or EQR.

Business Objectives and Operating Strategies

The Company seeks to maximize current income, capital appreciation of each property and the total return for its shareholders. The Company’s strategy for accomplishing these objectives includes:

 

   

Leveraging our size and scale in four critical ways:

   

Investing in apartment communities located in strategically targeted markets to maximize our total return on an enterprise level;

   

Meeting the needs of our residents by offering a wide array of product choices and a commitment to service;

   

Engaging, retaining and attracting the best employees by providing them with the education, resources and opportunities to succeed; and

   

Sharing resources, customers and best practices in property management and across the enterprise.

   

Owning a highly diversified portfolio by investing in target markets defined by a combination of the following criteria:

   

High barrier-to-entry (low supply);

   

Strong economic predictors (high demand); and

   

Attractive quality of life (high demand and retention).

   

Giving residents reasons to stay with the Company by providing a range of product options available in our diversified portfolio and by enhancing their experience through our employees and our services.

   

Being open and responsive to market realities to take advantage of investment opportunities that align with our long-term vision.

Acquisition, Development and Disposition Strategies

The Company anticipates that future property acquisitions, developments and dispositions will occur within the United States. Acquisitions and developments may be financed from various sources of capital, which may include retained cash flow, issuance of additional equity and debt securities, sales of properties, joint venture agreements and collateralized and uncollateralized borrowings. In addition, the Company may acquire properties in transactions that include the issuance of limited partnership interests in the Operating Partnership (“OP Units”) as consideration for the acquired properties. Such transactions may, in certain circumstances, enable the sellers to defer, in whole or in part, the recognition of taxable income or gain that might otherwise result from the sales. EQR may also acquire land parcels to hold and/or sell based on market opportunities.

When evaluating potential acquisitions, developments and dispositions, the Company generally considers the following factors:

 

   

strategically targeted markets;

   

income levels and employment growth trends in the relevant market;

   

employment and household growth and net migration of the relevant market’s population;

   

barriers to entry that would limit competition (zoning laws, building permit availability, supply of undeveloped or developable real estate, local building costs and construction costs, among other factors);

   

the location, construction quality, condition and design of the property;

   

the current and projected cash flow of the property and the ability to increase cash flow;

   

the potential for capital appreciation of the property;

   

the terms of resident leases, including the potential for rent increases;

   

the potential for economic growth and the tax and regulatory environment of the community in which the property is located;

 

29


   

the occupancy and demand by residents for properties of a similar type in the vicinity (the overall market and submarket);

   

the prospects for liquidity through sale, financing or refinancing of the property;

   

the benefits of integration into existing operations;

   

purchase prices and yields of available existing stabilized properties, if any;

   

competition from existing multifamily properties, comparably priced single family homes or rentals, residential properties under development and the potential for the construction of new multifamily properties in the area; and

   

opportunistic selling based on demand and price of high quality assets, including condominium conversions.

The Company generally reinvests the proceeds received from property dispositions primarily to achieve its acquisition, development and rehab strategies and at times to fund its debt and equity repurchase activities. In addition, when feasible, the Company may structure these transactions as tax-deferred exchanges.

Current Environment

The slowdown in the economy, which accelerated in the fourth quarter of 2008 and has continued into 2009, coupled with continued job losses and/or lack of job growth leads us to be cautious regarding expected performance for the remainder of 2009. Since the fourth quarter of 2008 and continuing into the third quarter of 2009, our revenue has declined in comparison to the prior year in most of our major markets as the economic slowdown continues to impact existing and prospective residents. Markets with little employment loss should perform better than markets with employment issues, although all of our markets are continuing to experience job losses. Should the current credit crisis and general economic recession continue, the Company may continue to experience a period of declining revenues, which would adversely impact the Company’s results of operations. The vast majority of our leases are for terms of 12 months or less. As a result, we quickly feel the impact of an economic downturn which limits our ability to raise rents or causes us to lower rents on turnover units and lease renewals. During late 2008 and early 2009, our rental rates declined on average between 9% and 10% for new residents but on average less than 1% for renewing residents. Rental rates have not declined, on average, since the first quarter of 2009. However, since our rental rates increased during most of 2008, our quarter over quarter revenue declines have worsened each quarter in 2009 as compared to 2008. Though not material, delinquencies are at higher levels than in prior downturns and at higher levels than in 2008, while tracking with historical seasonal trends. The combination of expected declines in revenues and higher overall expense levels (see discussion below) will have a negative impact on the Company’s results of operations for 2009.

After two consecutive years of modest expense growth (same store expenses grew 2.2% between 2008 and 2007 and 2.1% between 2007 and 2006), the Company originally anticipated that 2009 same store expenses would increase at a higher rate primarily due to cost pressures from non-controllable areas such as real estate taxes and utilities. However, through the first nine months of 2009, our same store expenses have only increased 0.5% over the first nine months of 2008. Same store real estate taxes increased 2.8% year to date over 2008 (we had originally anticipated a 4% increase) as assessors were quicker to reflect declines in value than we had originally anticipated. Same store utilities increased only 0.7% year to date over 2008 as we benefited from lower than expected prices for gas and heating oil. Same store on-site payroll costs remained relatively flat over 2008 as salary increases were offset by less use of temporary workers and less overtime. Finally, same store property management costs declined 3.6% over 2008 as a result of the Company’s continued expense control initiatives.

The continued credit crisis has negatively impacted the availability and pricing of debt capital. During this time, the multifamily residential sector has benefited from the continued liquidity provided by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. A vast majority of the properties we sold in 2008 and 2009 were financed for the purchaser by one of these agencies. Furthermore, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac provided us with approximately $1.6 billion of secured mortgage financing in 2008 and $500.0 million thus far in 2009 at attractive rates when compared to other sources of credit. Should these agencies discontinue providing liquidity to our sector, have their mandates changed or reduced or be disbanded or reorganized by the government, it would significantly reduce our access to debt capital and/or increase borrowing costs and would significantly reduce our sales of assets.

In response to the recession and liquidity issues prevalent in the debt markets, we took a number of steps to better position ourselves. In early 2008, we began pre-funding our maturing debt obligations with approximately $1.6 billion in secured mortgage financing obtained from Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. We also significantly reduced our acquisition activity. During the second half of 2008 and through the third quarter of 2009, we only acquired two properties (one of which was the buyout of our partner in an unconsolidated asset) while we continued selling non-core assets. We expect to continue to be a net seller of assets during 2009. During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the Company sold 50 properties consisting of 9,551 units for $792.2 million, as well as 50 condominium units for $9.8 million. The Company acquired one previously unconsolidated property consisting of 250 units for $18.5 million from its institutional joint venture partner during the nine months ended September 30, 2009. While we believe these sales of non-core assets better positions us for future success, they have resulted and will continue to result in dilution, particularly when the net sales proceeds are initially not reinvested in activities generating equivalent income such as acquisition of rental properties or repayment of debt.

Additionally, we significantly reduced our development activities, starting only two new projects in the first half of 2008 and none in the second half of the year or through the third quarter of 2009. We also reduced the number of planned development projects we will undertake in the future and took a $116.4 million impairment charge in 2008 to reduce the value of five assets that we no longer plan on pursuing. We took an additional $11.1 million impairment charge in 2009 to reduce the

 

30


value of one asset. We do not currently anticipate starting any new wholly-owned development projects during 2009 unless market conditions significantly improve. The Company reduced its quarterly common share dividend beginning with the dividend for the third quarter of 2009, from $0.4825 per share (an annual rate of $1.93 per share) to $0.3375 per share (an annual rate of $1.35 per share).

Our specific current expectations regarding our results for 2009 and certain items that will affect them are set forth under Results of Operations below.

We believe that cash and cash equivalents, securities readily convertible to cash, current availability on our revolving credit facility and net disposition proceeds for 2009 will provide sufficient liquidity to meet our funding obligations relating to debt retirement and existing development projects through 2011. We expect that our remaining funding obligations will be met through some combination of new borrowings, equity issuances (including the Company’s recently announced ATM share offering program), property dispositions and cash generated from operations.

Despite the challenging conditions noted above, we believe that the Company is well-positioned to withstand the continuing economic downturn. Our properties are geographically diverse and were approximately 93% occupied as of September 30, 2009, little new multifamily rental supply has been added to most of our markets and the long-term demographic picture is positive.

We believe we are well-positioned with a strong balance sheet and sufficient liquidity to cover debt maturities and development fundings in the near term, which should allow us to take advantage of investment opportunities in the future. When economic conditions improve, the short-term nature of our leases and the limited supply of new rental housing being constructed should allow us to quickly realize revenue growth and improvement in our operating results.

Results of Operations

The Company’s primary financial measure for evaluating each of its apartment communities is net operating income (“NOI”). NOI represents rental income less property and maintenance expense, real estate tax and insurance expense and property management expense. The Company believes that NOI is helpful to investors as a supplemental measure of the operating performance of a real estate company because it is a direct measure of the actual operating results of the Company’s apartment communities.

Properties that the Company owned for all of both of the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 (the “Nine-Month 2009 Same Store Properties”), which represented 115,832 units, and properties that the Company owned for all of both of the quarters ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 (the “Third Quarter 2009 Same Store Properties”), which represented 119,121 units, impacted the Company’s results of operations. Both the Nine-Month 2009 Same Store Properties and the Third Quarter 2009 Same Store Properties are discussed in the following paragraphs.

The Company’s acquisition, disposition and completed development activities also impacted overall results of operations for the nine months and quarters ended September 30, 2009 and 2008. Dilution, as a result of the Company’s net asset sales, negatively impacts property net operating income. The impacts of these activities are discussed in greater detail in the following paragraphs.

Comparison of the nine months ended September 30, 2009 to the nine months ended September 30, 2008

For the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the Company reported diluted earnings per share of $1.12 compared to $1.59 per share in the same period of 2008. The difference is primarily due to lower gains from property sales, lower property net operating income and an impairment charge.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2009, income from continuing operations decreased approximately $25.6 million or 36.2% when compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2008. The decrease in continuing operations is discussed below.

 

31


Revenues from the Nine-Month 2009 Same Store Properties decreased $30.5 million primarily as a result of a decrease in occupancy and average rental rates charged to residents. Expenses from the Nine-Month 2009 Same Store Properties increased $2.5 million primarily due to higher real estate taxes and utility costs, partially offset by lower property management costs. The following tables provide comparative same store results and statistics for the Nine-Month 2009 Same Store Properties:

September YTD 2009 vs. September YTD 2008

Same Store Results/Statistics

$ in thousands (except for Average Rental Rate) – 115,832 Same Store Units

 

    Results   Statistics
Description  

    Revenues    

 

Expenses

 

      NOI      

 

Average Rental
Rate (1)

 

Occupancy

 

Turnover

YTD 2009   $ 1,320,158    $ 496,499   $ 823,659    $ 1,353   93.7%    46.9% 
YTD 2008   $ 1,350,698    $ 493,958   $ 856,740    $ 1,373   94.5%    48.3% 
                               
Change   $ (30,540)   $ 2,541   $ (33,081)   $ (20)   (0.8%)   (1.4%)
                               
Change     (2.3%)     0.5%     (3.9%)     (1.5%)    

 

(1)

Average rental rate is defined as total rental revenues divided by the weighted average occupied units for the period.

The following table presents a reconciliation of operating income per the consolidated statements of operations to NOI for the Nine-Month 2009 Same Store Properties:

 

     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
     2009     2008  
     (Amounts in thousands)  

Operating income

   $ 400,768      $ 433,409   

Adjustments:

    

Non-same store operating results

     (55,423     (27,128

Fee and asset management revenue

     (7,928     (7,397

Fee and asset management expense

     5,916        6,154   

Depreciation

     438,726        417,662   

General and administrative

     30,476        34,040   

Impairment

     11,124        -   
                

Same store NOI

   $ 823,659      $ 856,740   
                

For properties that the Company acquired prior to January 1, 2008 and expects to continue to own through December 31, 2009, the Company anticipates the following same store results for the full year ending December 31, 2009:

 

2009 Same Store Assumptions

Physical occupancy

  93.7%

Revenue change

  (3.0%)

Expense change

  0.5%

NOI change

  (5.0%)

These 2009 assumptions are based on current expectations and are forward-looking.

Non-same store operating results increased approximately $28.3 million and consist primarily of properties acquired in calendar year 2008, as well as operations from the Company’s completed development properties and corporate housing business. While the operations of the non-same store assets have been negatively impacted during the nine months ended September 30, 2009 similar to the same store assets, the non-same store assets have contributed a greater percentage of total NOI to the Company’s overall operating results primarily due to increasing occupancy for properties in lease-up and a longer ownership period in 2009 than 2008. This increase primarily resulted from:

 

32


   

Development and other miscellaneous properties in lease-up of $16.9 million;

   

Newly stabilized development and other miscellaneous properties of $2.2 million; and

   

Properties acquired in 2008 of $9.8 million.

See also Note 15 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional discussion regarding the Company’s segment disclosures.

Fee and asset management revenues, net of fee and asset management expenses, increased approximately $0.8 million or 61.9% primarily due to an increase in revenue earned on management of the Company’s military housing ventures at Fort Lewis and McChord Air Force Base, as well as a decrease in asset management expenses. As of September 30, 2009 and 2008, the Company managed 13,383 and 14,472 units, respectively, primarily for unconsolidated entities and its military housing ventures at Fort Lewis and McChord.

Property management expenses from continuing operations include off-site expenses associated with the self-management of the Company’s properties as well as management fees paid to any third party management companies. These expenses decreased by approximately $3.1 million or 5.3%. This decrease is primarily attributable to lower overall payroll-related costs as a result of a decrease in the number of properties in the Company’s portfolio, as well as decreases in temporary help/contractors, telecommunications and travel expenses.

Depreciation expense from continuing operations, which includes depreciation on non-real estate assets, increased approximately $21.1 million or 5.0% primarily as a result of additional depreciation expense on properties acquired in 2008, development properties placed in service and capital expenditures for all properties owned.

General and administrative expenses from continuing operations, which include corporate operating expenses, decreased approximately $3.6 million or 10.5% primarily due to lower overall payroll-related costs as a result of a decrease in the number of properties in the Company’s portfolio, as well as a $0.9 million decrease in severance related costs in 2009 and decreases in tax consulting costs. The Company anticipates that general and administrative expenses will approximate $40.0 million for the year ending December 31, 2009. The above assumption is based on current expectations and is forward-looking.

Impairment from continuing operations increased approximately $11.1 million due to an impairment charge taken during 2009 on land held for development. See Note 16 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.

Interest and other income from continuing operations increased approximately $4.8 million or 43.6% primarily as a result of a gain of $4.9 million on the sale of investment securities (see Note 11) as well as a $2.0 million gain recognized during the quarter ended March 31, 2009 related to the partial debt extinguishment of the Company’s August 2026 convertible notes (see Note 9). In addition, the Company recognized a $2.4 million gain on early extinguishment of debt during the quarter ended September 30, 2009 (See Note 8). This was partially offset by a decrease in interest earned on cash and cash equivalents due to a decrease in interest rates and overall balances, as well as a decrease in insurance/litigation settlement proceeds and forfeited deposits received in 2009. The Company anticipates that interest and other income will approximate $16.5 million for the year ending December 31, 2009. The above assumption is based on current expectations and is forward-looking.

Other expenses from continuing operations decreased approximately $0.7 million or 22.8% primarily due to a decrease in development pursuit cost write-offs as a result of the Company’s decision to significantly reduce its development activities in 2009, partially offset by the expensing of transaction costs associated with the Company’s acquisition of all of its partners’ interests in five previously partially owned properties consisting of 1,587 units during the nine months ended September 30, 2009.

Interest expense from continuing operations, including amortization of deferred financing costs, increased approximately $2.8 million or 0.8% primarily as a result of lower capitalized interest, partially offset by lower overall effective interest rates on floating rate debt. During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the Company capitalized interest costs of approximately $28.7 million as compared to $45.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008. This capitalization of interest primarily relates to consolidated projects under development. The effective interest cost on all indebtedness for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 was 5.38% as compared to 5.54% for the nine months ended September 30, 2008. The Company anticipates that interest expense will approximate $479.0 million to $484.0 million for the year ending December 31, 2009. The above assumption is based on current expectations and is forward-looking.

 

33


Income and other tax expense from continuing operations decreased approximately $3.1 million or 52.1% primarily due to a change in estimate for Texas state taxes and lower overall current state income taxes, partially offset by an increase in business taxes for Washington, D.C. The Company anticipates that income and other tax expense will approximate $3.5 million for the year ending December 31, 2009. The above assumption is based on current expectations and is forward-looking.

Loss from investments in unconsolidated entities increased approximately $2.4 million as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2008 primarily due to the Company’s $1.8 million share of defeasance costs incurred in conjunction with the extinguishment of cross-collateralized mortgage debt on one of the Company’s partially owned unconsolidated joint ventures.

Net gain on sales of unconsolidated entities increased approximately $6.7 million between the periods under comparison as the Company had no unconsolidated sales in 2008 compared to the four properties it sold in 2009 (inclusive of the one property where the Company acquired its partner’s interest).

Net gain on sales of land parcels decreased approximately $3.0 million primarily due to the sale of vacant land located in Florida during the nine months ended September 30, 2008 versus no land sales in 2009.

Discontinued operations, net decreased approximately $114.3 million or 28.3% between the periods under comparison. This decrease is primarily due to lower gains from property sales during the nine months ended September 30, 2009 compared to the same period in 2008 and the operations of those properties. In addition, properties sold in 2009 reflect operations for a partial period in 2009 in contrast to a full period in 2008. See Note 13 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.

Comparison of the quarter ended September 30, 2009 to the quarter ended September 30, 2008

For the quarter ended September 30, 2009, the Company reported diluted earnings per share of $0.48 compared to $0.63 per share in the same period of 2008. The difference is primarily due to lower gains from property sales in 2009 and lower property net operating income.

For the quarter ended September 30, 2009, income from continuing operations decreased approximately $13.3 million or 50.9% when compared to the quarter ended September 30, 2008. The decrease in continuing operations is discussed below.

Revenues from the Third Quarter 2009 Same Store Properties decreased $18.3 million primarily as a result of a decrease in average rental rates charged to residents and lower occupancy. Expenses from the Third Quarter 2009 Same Store Properties decreased $0.9 million primarily due to decreases in on-site payroll and property management costs, partially offset by higher real estate taxes and utilities. The following tables provide comparative same store results and statistics for the Third Quarter 2009 Same Store Properties:

Third Quarter 2009 vs. Third Quarter 2008

Same Store Results/Statistics

$ in thousands (except for Average Rental Rate) – 119,121 Same Store Units

 

    Results   Statistics
Description  

Revenues

 

Expenses

 

      NOI      

 

Average
Rental
Rate (1)

 

Occupancy

 

Turnover

Q3 2009   $ 449,889    $ 170,616    $ 279,273    $ 1,345    93.7%    18.4% 
Q3 2008   $ 468,168    $ 171,560    $ 296,608    $ 1,390    94.4%    18.6% 
                               
Change   $ (18,279)   $ (944)   $ (17,335)   $ (45)   (0.7%)   (0.2%)
                               
Change     (3.9%)     (0.6%)     (5.8%)     (3.2%)    

 

(1)

Average rental rate is defined as total rental revenues divided by the weighted average occupied units for the period.

 

34


The following table presents a reconciliation of operating income per the consolidated statements of operations to NOI for the Third Quarter 2009 Same Store Properties:

 

     Quarter Ended
September 30,
 
     2009     2008  
     (Amounts in thousands)  

Operating income

   $ 133,096      $ 148,175   

Adjustments:

    

Non-same store operating results

     (10,459     (6,394

Fee and asset management revenue

     (2,653     (2,387

Fee and asset management expense

     1,931        1,983   

Depreciation

     147,477        145,382   

General and administrative

     9,881        9,849   
                

Same store NOI

   $ 279,273      $ 296,608   
                

Non-same store operating results increased approximately $4.1 million and consist primarily of properties acquired in calendar year 2008, as well as operations from the Company’s completed development properties and corporate housing business. While the operations of the non-same store assets have been negatively impacted during the quarter ended September 30, 2009 similar to the same store assets, the non-same store assets have contributed a greater percentage of total NOI to the Company’s overall operating results primarily due to increasing occupancy for properties in lease-up and a longer ownership period in 2009 than 2008. This increase primarily resulted from:

 

   

Development and other miscellaneous properties in lease-up of $6.2 million;

   

Properties acquired in 2008 of $0.4 million; and

   

Partially offset by operating losses of $0.3 million from newly stabilized developments as well as operating losses from other miscellaneous operations.

See also Note 15 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional discussion regarding the Company’s segment disclosures.

Fee and asset management revenues, net of fee and asset management expenses, increased approximately $0.3 million or 78.7% during the quarter ended September 30, 2009 primarily due to an increase in revenue earned on management of the Company’s military housing ventures at Fort Lewis and McChord.

Property management expenses from continuing operations include off-site expenses associated with the self-management of the Company’s properties as well as management fees paid to any third party management companies. These expenses decreased approximately $0.2 million or 1.0%. This decrease is primarily attributable to a decrease in temporary help/contractors, marketing, training, education/conferences and telecommunications expenses, partially offset by an increase in payroll-related costs primarily due to higher severance and reserve adjustments in 2009.

Depreciation expense from continuing operations, which includes depreciation on non-real estate assets, increased approximately $2.1 million or 1.4% primarily as a result of depreciation expense on development properties placed in service in 2009 and capital expenditures for all properties owned.

General and administrative expenses from continuing operations, which include corporate operating expenses, were consistent between the periods under comparison.

Interest and other income from continuing operations increased approximately $0.3 million or 12.0% primarily as a result of a $2.4 million gain on early extinguishment of debt recognized during the quarter ended September 30, 2009, partially offset by a decrease in interest earned on cash and cash equivalents due to a decrease in interest rates and overall balances.

Other expenses from continuing operations decreased approximately $0.2 million or 8.7% primarily due to a decrease in acquisition and development pursuit cost write-offs as a result of the Company’s decision to significantly reduce its acquisition and development activities in 2009.

Interest expense from continuing operations, including amortization of deferred financing costs, increased approximately $0.2 million or 0.1% primarily as a result of lower capitalized interest, partially offset by lower overall effective interest rates on floating rate debt. During the quarter ended September 30, 2009, the Company capitalized interest costs of approximately $7.7 million as compared to $15.6 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2008. This capitalization of interest primarily relates to consolidated projects under development. The effective interest cost on all indebtedness for the quarter ended September 30, 2009 was 5.38% as compared to 5.54% for the quarter ended September 30, 2008.

 

35


Income and other tax expense from continuing operations decreased approximately $0.9 million or 65.1% primarily due to a change in estimate for Texas state taxes and lower overall state income taxes.

Loss from investments in unconsolidated entities increased approximately $0.4 million primarily due to miscellaneous income received during the quarter ended September 30, 2008 that did not reoccur in 2009 and a decline in the operations of the unconsolidated entities.

Net gain on sales of unconsolidated entities increased approximately $4.0 million as the Company had no unconsolidated sales in the third quarter of 2008 compared to the three properties it sold in the third quarter of 2009 (inclusive of the one property where the Company acquired its partner’s interest).

Net gain on sales of land parcels decreased approximately $3.0 million primarily due to the sale of vacant land located in Florida during the quarter ended September 30, 2008 versus no land sales in 2009.

Discontinued operations, net decreased approximately $30.5 million or 18.9% between the periods under comparison. This decrease is primarily due to lower gains from property sales during the quarter ended September 30, 2009 compared to the same period in 2008 and the operations of those properties. In addition, properties sold in 2009 reflect operations for a partial period in 2009 in contrast to a full period in 2008. See Note 13 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of January 1, 2009, the Company had approximately $890.8 million of cash and cash equivalents and $1.29 billion available under its revolving credit facility (net of $130.0 million which was restricted/dedicated to support letters of credit and $75.0 million which had been committed by a now bankrupt financial institution and is not available for borrowing). After taking into effect the various transactions discussed in the following paragraphs and the net cash provided by operating activities, the Company’s cash and cash equivalents balance at September 30, 2009 was approximately $637.6 million, its restricted 1031 exchange proceeds totaled $246.8 million and the amount available on the Company’s revolving credit facility was $1.36 billion (net of $68.5 million which was restricted/dedicated to support letters of credit and net of the $75.0 million discussed above). In 2008, the Company built a significant cash and cash equivalents balance as a direct result of its decision to pre-fund its 2008 and 2009 debt maturities with the closing of three secured mortgage loan pools totaling $1.6 billion. The decline in the Company’s cash and cash equivalents balance since December 31, 2008 is a direct result of the application of the pre-funded cash on hand towards the Company’s debt maturity, tender and repurchase activities, partially offset by the closing of a $500.0 million secured mortgage loan pool during 2009.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the Company generated proceeds from various transactions, which included the following:

 

   

Disposed of 51 properties and 50 condominium units, receiving net proceeds of approximately $729.2 million;

   

Obtained $500.0 million in new mortgage financing and terminated six treasury locks, receiving $10.8 million;

   

Obtained an additional $157.8 million of new mortgage loans on development properties;

   

Received $215.8 million from maturing or sold investment securities; and

   

Issued approximately 0.7 million Common Shares and received net proceeds of $12.1 million.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the above proceeds were primarily utilized to:

 

   

Invest $268.2 million primarily in development projects;

   

Repurchase 47,450 Common Shares, utilizing cash of $1.1 million (see Note 3);

   

Repurchase $307.9 million of fixed rate public notes;

   

Repay $122.2 million of fixed rate public notes at maturity;

   

Repurchase $75.8 million of fixed rate tax-exempt notes;

   

Repay $788.2 million of mortgage loans; and

   

Acquire $52.8 million of investment securities.

 

36


In September 2009, the Company announced the creation of an At-The-Market (“ATM”) share offering program which would allow the Company to sell up to 17.0 million Common Shares from time to time over the next three years into the existing trading market at current market prices as well as through negotiated transactions. During the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and up until the time of this filing, no shares were issued through the ATM program. Going forward, the Company may, but shall have no obligation to, sell Common Shares under the ATM program in amounts and at times to be determined by the Company from time to time. Actual sales will depend on a variety of factors to be determined by the Company from time to time, including (among others) market conditions, the trading price of the Company’s Common Shares and determinations by the Company of the appropriate sources of funding for the Company.

Depending on its analysis of market prices, economic conditions and other opportunities for the investment of available capital, the Company may repurchase its Common Shares pursuant to its existing share repurchase program authorized by the Board of Trustees. The Company repurchased $1.1 million (47,450 shares at an average price per share of $23.69) of its Common Shares during the nine months ended September 30, 2009. As of September 30, 2009, the Company had authorization to repurchase an additional $466.5 million of its shares. See Note 3 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.

Depending on its analysis of prevailing market conditions, liquidity requirements, contractual restrictions and other factors, the Company may from time to time seek to repurchase and retire its outstanding debt in open market or privately negotiated transactions.

The Company’s total debt summary and debt maturity schedules as of September 30, 2009 are as follows:

Debt Summary as of September 30, 2009

(Amounts in thousands)

 

     Amounts (1)    % of Total     Weighted
Average
Rates (1)
    Weighted
Average
Maturities
(years)

Secured

   $ 4,885,560    49.7   4.90   8.9

Unsecured

     4,949,560    50.3   5.32   4.9
                       

Total

   $ 9,835,120    100.0   5.11   6.9
                       

Fixed Rate Debt:

         

Secured – Conventional

   $ 4,065,470    41.3   5.92   7.3

Unsecured – Public/Private

     4,311,989    43.9   5.89   5.3
                       

Fixed Rate Debt

     8,377,459    85.2   5.90   6.3
                       

Floating Rate Debt:

         

Secured – Conventional

     192,462    2.0   2.11   5.5

Secured – Tax Exempt

     627,628    6.4   0.68   20.8

Unsecured – Public/Private

     601,971    6.1   1.27   1.4

Unsecured – Tax Exempt

     35,600    0.3   0.40   19.2

Unsecured – Revolving Credit Facility

     -    -      -      2.4
                       

Floating Rate Debt

     1,457,661    14.8   1.24   10.4
                       

Total

   $ 9,835,120    100.0   5.11   6.9
                       

 

(1)

Net of the effect of any derivative instruments. Weighted average rates are for the nine months ended September 30, 2009.

Note: The Company capitalized interest of approximately $28.7 million and $45.1 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The Company capitalized interest of approximately $7.7 million and $15.6 million during the quarters ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively.

 

37


Debt Maturity Schedule as of September 30, 2009

(Amounts in thousands)

 

Year

  

Fixed

    Rate (1)    

   

Floating

    Rate (1)    

   

      Total      

  

% of

Total

   

Weighted Average
Rates on Fixed
Rate Debt (1)

   

Weighted Average
Rates on Total
Debt (1)

 

2009

   $ 3,315      $ 86,818      $ 90,133    0.9   7.53   2.34

2010

     225,798        500,000 (2)      725,798    7.4   7.51   2.92

2011

     1,261,103 (3)      92,819        1,353,922    13.8   5.58   5.30

2012

     982,427        3,492        985,919    10.0   5.77   5.77

2013

     466,338        101,971        568,309    5.8   6.64   5.51

2014

     517,438        -        517,438    5.2   5.28   5.28

2015

     355,629        -        355,629    3.6   6.41   6.41

2016

     1,089,233        -        1,089,233    11.1   5.32   5.32

2017

     1,346,550        456        1,347,006    13.7   5.87   5.87

2018

     336,083        44,677        380,760    3.9   5.95   5.60

2019+

     1,793,545        627,428        2,420,973    24.6   5.86   5.06
                                         

Total

   $ 8,377,459      $ 1,457,661      $ 9,835,120    100.0   5.82   5.22
                                         

 

(1)

Net of the effect of any derivative instruments. Weighted average rates are as of September 30, 2009.

(2)

Represents the Company’s $500.0 million floating rate term loan facility, which matures on October 5, 2010, subject to two one-year extension options exercisable by the Company.

(3)

Includes $531.1 million face value of 3.85% convertible unsecured debt with a final maturity of 2026. The notes are callable by the Company on or after August 18, 2011. The notes are putable by the holders on August 18, 2011, August 15, 2016 and August 15, 2021.

The following table provides a summary of the Company’s unsecured debt as of September 30, 2009:

Unsecured Debt Summary as of September 30, 2009

(Amounts in thousands)

 

     Coupon
Rate
    Due
Date
    Face
Amount
    Unamortized
Premium/
(Discount)
    Net
Balance
 

Fixed Rate Notes:

          
   6.950   03/02/11 (1)    $ 114,806      $ 1,457      $ 116,263   
   6.625   03/15/12        400,000        (722     399,278   
   5.500   10/01/12        350,000        (1,035     348,965   
   5.200   04/01/13 (2)      400,000        (414     399,586   
   5.250   09/15/14        500,000        (305     499,695   
   6.584   04/13/15        300,000        (617     299,383   
   5.125   03/15/16        500,000        (345     499,655   
   5.375   08/01/16        400,000        (1,268     398,732   
   5.750   06/15/17        650,000        (3,942     646,058   
   7.125   10/15/17        150,000        (522     149,478   
   7.570   08/15/26        140,000        -        140,000   
   3.850   08/15/26 (3)      531,092        (16,196     514,896   

Fair Value Derivative Adjustments

       (2)      (100,000     -        (100,000
                            
         4,335,898        (23,909     4,311,989   
                            

Floating Rate Tax Exempt Notes:

          
   7-Day SIFMA      12/15/28 (4)      35,600        -        35,600   
                            

Floating Rate Notes:

          
     04/01/13 (2)      100,000        -        100,000   

Fair Value Derivative Adjustments

       (2)      1,971        -        1,971   

Term Loan Facility

   LIBOR+0.50%      10/05/10 (4)(5)      500,000        -        500,000   
                            
         601,971        -        601,971   

Revolving Credit Facility:

   LIBOR+0.50%      02/28/12 (6)      -        -        -   
                            

Total Unsecured Debt

       $ 4,973,469      $ (23,909   $ 4,949,560   
                            

 

38


Note: SIFMA stands for the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association and is the tax-exempt index equivalent of LIBOR.

 

(1)

On January 27, 2009, the Company repurchased $185.2 million of these notes at par pursuant to a cash tender offer announced on January 16, 2009.

(2)

$100.0 million in fair value interest rate swaps converts a portion of the 5.200% notes due April 1, 2013 to a floating interest rate.

(3)

Convertible notes mature on August 15, 2026. The notes are callable by the Company on or after August 18, 2011. The notes are putable by the holders on August 18, 2011, August 15, 2016 and August 15, 2021. During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the Company repurchased $17.5 million of these notes at a discount to par of approximately 11.6% and recognized a gain on early debt extinguishment of $2.0 million. Effective January 1, 2009, companies are required to expense the implied option value inherent in convertible debt. In conjunction with this requirement, the Company recorded an adjustment of $17.3 million to the beginning balance of the discount on its convertible notes.

(4)

Notes are private. All other unsecured debt is public.

(5)

Represents the Company’s $500.0 million term loan facility, which matures on October 5, 2010, subject to two one-year extension options exercisable by the Company.

(6)

As of September 30, 2009, there was no amount outstanding and approximately $1.36 billion available on the Company’s unsecured revolving credit facility.

As of October 29, 2009, an unlimited amount of debt securities remains available for issuance by the Operating Partnership under a registration statement that became automatically effective upon filing with the SEC in December 2008 (under SEC regulations enacted in 2005, the registration statement automatically expires on December 21, 2011 and does not contain a maximum issuance amount). As of October 29, 2009, an unlimited amount of equity securities remains available for issuance by the Company under a registration statement the SEC declared effective in December 2008 (under SEC regulations enacted in 2005, the registration statement automatically expires on December 15, 2011 and does not contain a maximum issuance amount).

The Company’s “Consolidated Debt-to-Total Market Capitalization Ratio” as of September 30, 2009 is presented in the following table. The Company calculates the equity component of its market capitalization as the sum of (i) the total outstanding Common Shares and assumed conversion of all Units at the equivalent market value of the closing price of the Company’s Common Shares on the New York Stock Exchange; (ii) the “Common Share Equivalent” of all convertible preferred shares; and (iii) the liquidation value of all perpetual preferred shares outstanding.

Capital Structure as of September 30, 2009

(Amounts in thousands except for share/unit and per share amounts)

 

Secured Debt

        $ 4,885,560    49.7  

Unsecured Debt

          4,949,560    50.3  
                    

Total Debt

          9,835,120    100.0   51.9

Common Shares (includes Restricted Shares)

     276,147,420    95.0       

Units

     14,432,942    5.0       
                    

Total Shares and Units

     290,580,362    100.0       

Common Share Equivalents (see below)

     398,038          
                

Total outstanding at quarter-end

     290,978,400          

Common Share Price at September 30, 2009

   $ 30.70          
                
          8,933,037    97.8  

Perpetual Preferred Equity (see below)

          200,000    2.2  
                    

Total Equity

          9,133,037    100.0   48.1

Total Market Capitalization

        $ 18,968,157      100.0

 

39


Convertible Preferred Equity as of September 30, 2009

(Amounts in thousands except for share and per share amounts)

 

Series   Redemption
Date
  Outstanding
Shares
  Liquidation
Value
  Annual
Dividend
Per
Share
  Annual
Dividend
Amount
  Weighted
Average
Rate
    Conversion
Ratio
  Common
Share
Equivalents
Preferred Shares:                
7.00% Series E   11/1/98   328,466   $ 8,212   $ 1.75   $ 575     1.1128   365,517
7.00% Series H   6/30/98   22,459     561     1.75     39     1.4480   32,521
                           
Total Convertible Preferred Equity     350,925   $ 8,773     $ 614   7.00     398,038

Perpetual Preferred Equity as of September 30, 2009

(Amounts in thousands except for share and per share amounts)

 

Series   Redemption
Date
  Outstanding
Shares
  Liquidation
Value
  Annual
Dividend
Per Share
  Annual
Dividend
Amount
  Weighted
Average
Rate
 
Preferred Shares:            
8.29% Series K   12/10/26   1,000,000   $ 50,000   $ 4.145   $ 4,145  
6.48% Series N   6/19/08   600,000     150,000     16.20     9,720  
                     
Total Perpetual Preferred Equity     1,600,000   $ 200,000     $ 13,865   6.93

The Company generally expects to meet its short-term liquidity requirements, including capital expenditures related to maintaining its existing properties and certain scheduled unsecured note and mortgage note repayments, through its working capital, net cash provided by operating activities and borrowings under its revolving credit facility. Under normal operating conditions, the Company considers its cash provided by operating activities to be adequate to meet operating requirements and payments of distributions. However, there may be times when the Company experiences shortfalls in its coverage of distributions, which may cause the Company to consider reducing its distributions and/or using the proceeds from property dispositions or additional financing transactions to make up the difference. Should these shortfalls occur for lengthy periods of time or be material in nature, the Company’s financial condition may be adversely affected and it may not be able to maintain its current distribution levels. The Company reduced its quarterly common share dividend beginning with the dividend for the third quarter of 2009, from $0.4825 per share (an annual rate of $1.93 per share) to $0.3375 per share (an annual rate of $1.35 per share).

The Company also expects to meet its long-term liquidity requirements, such as scheduled unsecured note and mortgage debt maturities, property acquisitions, financing of construction and development activities and capital improvements through the issuance of secured and unsecured debt and equity securities, including additional OP Units, and proceeds received from the disposition of certain properties as well as joint ventures. In addition, the Company has significant unencumbered properties available to secure additional mortgage borrowings in the event that the public capital markets are unavailable or the cost of alternative sources of capital is too high. The fair value of and cash flow from these unencumbered properties are in excess of the requirements the Company must maintain in order to comply with covenants under its unsecured notes and line of credit. Of the $18.4 billion in investment in real estate on the Company’s balance sheet at September 30, 2009, $11.0 billion or 59.6%, was unencumbered. However, there can be no assurances that these sources of capital will be available to the Company in the future on acceptable terms or otherwise.

As of October 29, 2009, the Operating Partnership’s senior debt credit ratings from Standard & Poors (“S&P”), Moody’s and Fitch are BBB+, Baa1 and A-, respectively. As of October 29, 2009, the Company’s preferred equity ratings from S&P, Moody’s and Fitch are BBB-, Baa2 and BBB+, respectively. During the third quarter of 2009, Moody’s and Fitch placed both the Company and the Operating Partnership on negative watch.

The Operating Partnership has a long-term revolving credit facility with available borrowings as of September 30, 2009 of $1.36 billion that matures in February 2012 (see Note 10 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion). This facility may, among other potential uses, be used to fund property acquisitions, costs for certain properties under development and short-term liquidity requirements. As of October 29, 2009, no amounts were outstanding under this facility.

See Note 16 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for discussion of the events which occurred subsequent to September 30, 2009.

 

40


Capitalization of Fixed Assets and Improvements to Real Estate

Our policy with respect to capital expenditures is generally to capitalize expenditures that improve the value of the property or extend the useful life of the component asset of the property. We track improvements to real estate in two major categories and several subcategories:

 

   

Replacements (inside the unit). These include:

   

flooring such as carpets, hardwood, vinyl, linoleum or tile;

   

appliances;

   

mechanical equipment such as individual furnace/air units, hot water heaters, etc;

   

furniture and fixtures such as kitchen/bath cabinets, light fixtures, ceiling fans, sinks, tubs, toilets, mirrors, countertops, etc; and

   

blinds/shades.

All replacements are depreciated over a five-year estimated useful life. We expense as incurred all make-ready maintenance and turnover costs such as cleaning, interior painting of individual units and the repair of any replacement item noted above.

 

   

Building improvements (outside the unit). These include:

   

roof replacement and major repairs;

   

paving or major resurfacing of parking lots, curbs and sidewalks;

   

amenities and common areas such as pools, exterior sports and playground equipment, lobbies, clubhouses, laundry rooms, alarm and security systems and offices;

   

major building mechanical equipment systems;

   

interior and exterior structural repair and exterior painting and siding;

   

major landscaping and grounds improvement; and

   

vehicles and office and maintenance equipment.

All building improvements are depreciated over a five to ten-year estimated useful life. We capitalize building improvements and upgrades only if the item: (i) exceeds $2,500 (selected projects must exceed $10,000); (ii) extends the useful life of the asset; and (iii) improves the value of the asset.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2009, our actual improvements to real estate totaled approximately $93.0 million. This includes the following (amounts in thousands except for unit and per unit amounts):

Capital Expenditures to Real Estate

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2009

 

     Total
Units (1)
   Replacements (2)    Avg.
Per Unit
   Building
Improvements
   Avg.
Per Unit
   Total    Avg.
Per Unit

Same Store Properties (3)

   115,832    $ 54,529    $ 471    $ 31,987    $ 276    $ 86,516    $ 747

Non-Same Store Properties (4)

   9,657      1,784      193      2,508      272      4,292      465

Other (5)

   15      1,481         760         2,241   
                                  

Total

   125,504    $ 57,794       $ 35,255       $ 93,049   
                                  

 

(1)

Total Units – Excludes 8,788 unconsolidated units and 4,595 military housing (fee managed) units, for which capital expenditures to real estate are self-funded and do not consolidate into the Company’s results.

(2)

Replacements – For same store properties includes $21.3 million spent on various assets related to unit renovations/rehabs (primarily kitchens and baths) designed to reposition these assets for higher rental levels in their respective markets.

(3)

Same Store Properties – Primarily includes all properties acquired or completed and stabilized prior to January 1, 2008, less properties subsequently sold.

(4)

Non-Same Store Properties – Primarily includes all properties acquired during 2008 and 2009, plus any properties in lease-up and not stabilized as of 1/1/08. Per unit amounts are based on a weighted average of 9,239 units.

(5)

Other – Primarily includes expenditures for properties sold during the period, Equity Corporate Housing and condominium conversion p