10-K 1 vno2012form10k420pm.htm FORM 10-K vno2012form10k420pm.htm - Generated by SEC Publisher for SEC Filing  

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D. C. 20549

FORM 10-K

 

x

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Fiscal Year Ended:

December 31, 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

OR

 

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

For the transition period from

 

to

 

 

 

 

 

Commission File Number:

001‑11954

 

 

 

VORNADO REALTY TRUST

 

 (Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Maryland

 

22‑1657560

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)

 

 

 

888 Seventh Avenue, New York, New York

 

10019

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number including area code:

(212) 894‑7000

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class

 

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common Shares of beneficial interest,
$.04 par value per share

 

New York Stock Exchange

 

 

 

Series A Convertible Preferred Shares
of beneficial interest, no par value

 

New York Stock Exchange

 

 

 

Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares of beneficial
interest, no par value:

 

 

 

 

 

6.75% Series F

 

New York Stock Exchange

 

 

 

6.625% Series G

 

New York Stock Exchange

 

 

 

6.75% Series H

 

New York Stock Exchange

 

 

 

6.625% Series I

 

New York Stock Exchange

 

 

 

6.875% Series J

 

New York Stock Exchange

 

 

 

5.70% Series K

 

New York Stock Exchange

 

 

 

5.40% Series L

 

New York Stock Exchange

 

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:      NONE

 


 

 

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

 

YES  x     NO 

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.

YES o     NO 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

YES x     NO 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  

YES x     NO 

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S‑K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10‑K or any amendment to this Form 10‑K.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

x Large Accelerated Filer

 

o Accelerated Filer

o Non-Accelerated Filer (Do not check if smaller reporting company)

 

o Smaller Reporting Company

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

YES   NO 

 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common shares held by non‑affiliates of the registrant, i.e. by persons other than officers and trustees of Vornado Realty Trust, was $14,174,711,000 at June 30, 2012.

 

As of December 31, 2012, there were 186,734,711 of the registrant’s common shares of beneficial interest outstanding.

 

Documents Incorporated by Reference

 

Part III:  Portions of Proxy Statement for Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 23, 2013.

 

 

  

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

INDEX

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item

Financial Information:

 

Page Number

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART I.

1.

 

Business

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1A.

 

Risk Factors

 

12 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1B.

 

Unresolved Staff Comments

 

25 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.

 

Properties

 

25 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

63 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

63 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART II.

5.

 

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

64 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.

 

Selected Financial Data

 

66 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.

 

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and

 

 

 

 

 

 

Results of Operations

 

68 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7A.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

125 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8.

 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

126 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9.

 

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

182 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9A.

 

Controls and Procedures

 

182 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9B.

 

Other Information

 

184 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART III.

10.

 

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance(1)

 

184 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11.

 

Executive Compensation(1)

 

185 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12.

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management

 

 

 

 

 

 

and Related Stockholder Matters(1)

 

185 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13.

 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence(1)

 

185 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14.

 

Principal Accounting Fees and Services(1)

 

185 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART IV.

15.

 

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

 

186 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Signatures

 

 

 

 

187 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1)

These items are omitted in whole or in part because the registrant will file a definitive Proxy Statement pursuant to Regulation 14A under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 with the Securities and Exchange Commission no later than 120 days after December 31, 2012, portions of which are incorporated by reference herein.

2

 


 

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

 

Certain statements contained herein constitute forward‑looking statements as such term is defined in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of performance. They represent our intentions, plans, expectations and beliefs and are subject to numerous assumptions, risks and uncertainties. Our future results, financial condition and business may differ materially from those expressed in these forward-looking statements. You can find many of these statements by looking for words such as “approximates,” “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “intends,” “plans,” “would,” “may” or other similar expressions in this Annual Report on Form 10‑K. We also note the following forward-looking statements: in the case of our development and redevelopment projects, the estimated completion date, estimated project cost and cost to complete; and estimates of future capital expenditures, dividends to common and preferred shareholders and operating partnership distributions. Many of the factors that will determine the outcome of these and our other forward-looking statements are beyond our ability to control or predict. For further discussion of factors that could materially affect the outcome of our forward-looking statements, see “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

For these statements, we claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K or the date of any document incorporated by reference. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this section. We do not undertake any obligation to release publicly any revisions to our forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

 

3

 


 

 

PART I

 

ITEM 1.        BUSINESS

Vornado Realty Trust (“Vornado”) is a fully‑integrated real estate investment trust (“REIT”) and conducts its business through, and substantially all of its interests in properties are held by, Vornado Realty L.P., a Delaware limited partnership (the “Operating Partnership”).  Accordingly, Vornado’s cash flow and ability to pay dividends to its shareholders is dependent upon the cash flow of the Operating Partnership and the ability of its direct and indirect subsidiaries to first satisfy their obligations to creditors.  Vornado is the sole general partner of, and owned approximately 94.0% of the common limited partnership interest in the Operating Partnership at December 31, 2012.  All references to “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company” and “Vornado” refer to Vornado Realty Trust and its consolidated subsidiaries, including the Operating Partnership.

                 

As of December 31, 2012, we own all or portions of:

 

New York:

 

·         19.7 million square feet of Manhattan office space in 31 properties and four residential properties containing 1,655 units;

 

·         2.2 million square feet of Manhattan street retail space in 49 properties;

 

·         The 1,700 room Hotel Pennsylvania located on Seventh Avenue at 33rd Street in the heart of the Penn Plaza district;

 

·         A 32.4% interest in Alexander’s, Inc. (NYSE: ALX), which owns six properties in the greater New York metropolitan area, including 731 Lexington Avenue, the 1.3 million square foot Bloomberg, L.P. headquarters building;

 

Washington, DC:

 

·         73 properties aggregating 19.1 million square feet, including 59 office properties aggregating 16.1 million square feet and seven residential properties containing 2,414 units;

 

Retail Properties:

 

·         114 strip shopping centers and single tenant retail assets aggregating 15.6 million square feet, primarily in the northeast states and California;

 

·         Six regional malls aggregating 5.2 million square feet, located in the northeast / mid-Atlantic states and Puerto Rico;

 

 

Other Real Estate and Related Investments:

 

·         The 3.5 million square foot Merchandise Mart in Chicago;

 

·         A 70% controlling interest in 555 California Street, a three-building office complex in San Francisco’s financial district aggregating 1.8 million square feet, known as the Bank of America Center;

 

·         A 25.0% interest in Vornado Capital Partners, our $800 million real estate fund.  We are the general partner and investment manager of the fund;

 

·         A 32.6% interest in Toys “R” Us, Inc.;

 

·         A 10.7% interest in J.C. Penney Company, Inc. (NYSE: JCP); and

 

·         Other real estate and related investments and mortgage and mezzanine loans on real estate.

 

4

 


 

 

Objectives and Strategy

Our business objective is to maximize shareholder value. We intend to achieve this objective by continuing to pursue our investment philosophy and executing our operating strategies through:

 

·      Maintaining a superior team of operating and investment professionals and an entrepreneurial spirit;

·      Investing in properties in select markets, such as New York City and Washington, DC, where we believe there is a high likelihood of capital appreciation;

·      Acquiring quality properties at a discount to replacement cost and where there is a significant potential for higher rents;

·      Investing in retail properties in select under-stored locations such as the New York City metropolitan area;

·      Developing and redeveloping our existing properties to increase returns and maximize value; and

·         Investing in operating companies that have a significant real estate component.

 

We expect to finance our growth, acquisitions and investments using internally generated funds, proceeds from possible asset sales and by accessing the public and private capital markets.  We may also offer Vornado common or preferred shares or Operating Partnership units in exchange for property and may repurchase or otherwise reacquire these securities in the future.

 

 

 

VorNADO CAPITAL PARTNERS REAL ESTATE FUND (The “FUND”)

 

In February 2011, the Fund’s subscription period closed with an aggregate of $800,000,000 of capital commitments, of which we committed $200,000,000.  We are the general partner and investment manager of the Fund, which has an eight-year term and a three-year investment period.  During the investment period, which concludes in July 2013, the Fund is our exclusive investment vehicle for all investments that fit within its investment parameters, including debt, equity and other interests in real estate, and excluding (i) investments in vacant land and ground-up development; (ii) investments acquired by merger or primarily for our securities or properties; (iii) properties which can be combined with or relate to our existing properties; (iv) securities of commercial mortgage loan servicers and investments derived from any such investments; (v) non-controlling interests in equity and debt securities; and (vi) investments located outside of North America.   The Fund’s investments are reported on its balance sheet at fair value, with changes in value each period recognized in earnings.  We consolidate the accounts of the Fund into our consolidated financial statements, retaining the fair value basis of accounting. 

 

During 2012, the Fund made four investments (described below) aggregating $203,700,000.  As of December 31, 2012, the Fund has nine investments with an aggregate fair value of $600,786,000, or $67,642,000 in excess of cost, and has remaining unfunded commitments of $217,676,000, of which our share was $54,419,000.

 

          800 Corporate Pointe

 

On November 30, 2012, the Fund acquired 800 Corporate Pointe, a 243,000 square foot office building and the accompanying six-level parking structure (1,964 spaces) located in Culver City, Los Angeles, California, for $95,700,000 in cash. 

 

          501 Broadway

 

On August 20, 2012, the Fund acquired 501 Broadway, a 9,000 square foot retail property in New York for $31,000,000.  The purchase price consisted of $11,000,000 in cash and a $20,000,000 mortgage loan.  The three-year loan bears interest at LIBOR plus 2.75%, with a floor of 3.50%, and has two one-year extension options.

 

          1100 Lincoln Road

 

On July 2, 2012, the Fund acquired 1100 Lincoln Road, a 167,000 square foot retail property, the western anchor of the Lincoln Road Shopping District in Miami Beach, Florida, for $132,000,000.  The purchase price consisted of $66,000,000 in cash and a $66,000,000 mortgage loan.  The three-year loan bears interest at LIBOR plus 2.75% and has two one-year extension options.

 

          520 Broadway

 

On April 26, 2012, the Fund acquired 520 Broadway, a 112,000 square foot office building in Santa Monica, California for $61,000,000 in cash and subsequently placed a $30,000,000 mortgage loan on the property.  The three-year loan bears interest at LIBOR plus 2.25% and has two one-year extension options.

 

5

 


 

 

ACQUISITIONS and investments

 

 

Independence Plaza

 

In 2011, we acquired a 51% interest in the subordinated debt of Independence Plaza, a three-building 1,328 unit residential complex in the Tribeca submarket of Manhattan which has 54,500 square feet of retail space and 550 parking spaces, for $45,000,000 and a warrant to purchase 25% of the equity for $1,000,000.  On December 21, 2012, we acquired a 58.75% interest in the property as follows: (i) buying one of the equity partners’ 33.75% interest for $160,000,000, (ii) exercising our warrant for 25% of the equity and (iii) contributing the appreciated value of our interest in the subordinated debt as preferred equity.  In connection therewith, we recognized income of $105,366,000, comprised of $60,396,000 from the accelerated amortization of the discount on the subordinated debt immediately preceding the conversion to preferred equity, and a $44,970,000 purchase price fair value adjustment upon exercising the warrant.  The current transaction values the property at $844,800,000.  The property is currently encumbered by a $334,225,000 mortgage.  We expect to refinance the $334,225,000 mortgage in 2013, substantially decreasing our cash investment.  We manage the retail space at the property and Stellar Management, our partner, manages the residential space.

 

 

666 Fifth Avenue - Retail

 

On December 6, 2012, we acquired a retail condominium located at 666 Fifth Avenue at 53rd Street for $707,000,000 in cash. The property has 126 feet of frontage on Fifth Avenue and contains 114,000 square feet, 39,000 square feet in fee and 75,000 square feet by long-term lease from the 666 Fifth Avenue office condominium, which is 49.5% owned by us. 

 

 

Marriott Marquis Times Square - Retail and Signage

 

On July 30, 2012, we entered into a lease with Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc. (NYSE: HST) (“Host”), under which we will redevelop the retail and signage components of the Marriott Marquis Times Square Hotel.  The Marriott Marquis with over 1,900 rooms is one of the largest hotels in Manhattan.  It is located in the heart of the bow-tie of Times Square and spans the entire block front from 45th Street to 46th Street on Broadway.  The Marriott Marquis is directly across from our 1540 Broadway iconic retail property leased to Forever 21 and Disney flagship stores.  We plan to spend over $140,000,000 to redevelop and substantially expand the existing retail space, including converting the below grade parking garage into retail, and creating six-story, 300 foot wide block front, dynamic LED signs.  During the term of the lease we will pay fixed rent equal to the sum of $12,500,000, plus a portion of the property’s net cash flow after we receive a 5.2% preferred return on our invested capital.  The lease contains put/call options which, if exercised, would lead to our ownership.  Host can exercise the put option during defined periods following the conversion of the project to a condominium.  We can exercise our call option under the same terms, at any time after the fifteenth year of the lease term. 

 

6

 


 

 

Dispositions

 

 

Merchandise Mart

 

On December 31, 2012, we completed the sale of the Boston Design Center, a 554,000 square foot showroom building in Boston, Massachusetts, for $72,400,000 in cash, which resulted in a net gain of $5,252,000. 

 

On July 26, 2012, we completed the sale of the Washington Design Center, a 393,000 square foot showroom building in Washington, DC, and the Canadian Trade Shows, for an aggregate of $103,000,000 in cash.  The sale of the Canadian Trade Shows resulted in an after-tax net gain of $19,657,000. 

 

On June 22, 2012, we completed the sale of L.A. Mart, a 784,000 square foot showroom building in Los Angeles, California for $53,000,000, of which $18,000,000 was cash and $35,000,000 was nine-month seller financing at 6.0%, which was paid on December 28, 2012.

 

On January 6, 2012, we completed the sale of 350 West Mart Center, a 1.2 million square foot office building in Chicago, Illinois, for $228,000,000 in cash, which resulted in a net gain of $54,911,000.

 

 

Washington, DC

 

On November 7, 2012, we completed the sale of three office buildings (“Reston Executive”) located in suburban Fairfax County, Virginia, containing 494,000 square feet for $126,250,000, which resulted in a net gain of $36,746,000.

 

On July 26, 2012, we completed the sale of 409 Third Street S.W., a 409,000 square foot office building in Washington, DC, for $200,000,000 in cash, which resulted in a net gain of $126,621,000.  This building is contiguous to the Washington Design Center and was sold to the same purchaser.

 

 

Retail Properties

 

On February 13, 2013, we entered into an agreement to sell the Plant, a power strip shopping center in San Jose, California, for $203,000,000.  The sale will result in net proceeds of approximately $93,000,000 after repaying the existing loan and closing costs, and a financial statement gain of approximately $33,000,000.  The sale, which is subject to customary closing conditions, is expected to be completed by the second quarter of 2013.

 

On January 24, 2013, we completed the sale of the Green Acres Mall located in Valley Stream, New York, for $500,000,000, which resulted in net proceeds of $185,000,000, after repaying the existing loan and closing costs.  The financial statement gain of  $205,000,000 will be recognized in the first quarter of 2013 and the tax gain of $304,000,000 has been deferred as part of a like-kind exchange.

 

In 2012, we sold 12 non-core retail properties in separate transactions, for an aggregate of $157,000,000 in cash, which resulted in a net gain aggregating $22,266,000.  In addition, we have entered into an agreement to sell a building on Market Street, Philadelphia, which is part of the Gallery at Market East for $60,000,000, which will result in a net gain of approximately $35,000,000.  The sale, which is subject to customary closing conditions, is expected to be completed in the first quarter of 2013.

 

 

Other

 

On January 24, 2013, LNR Property LLC (“LNR”) entered into a definitive agreement to be sold.  We own 26.2% of LNR and expect to receive net proceeds of approximately $241,000,000.  The sale, which is subject to customary closing conditions, is expected to be completed in the second quarter of 2013.

7

 


 

 

Financing Activities

 

 

Secured Debt

 

On November 16, 2012, we completed a $120,000,000 refinancing of 4 Union Square South, a 206,000 square foot Manhattan retail property. The seven-year loan bears interest at LIBOR plus 2.15% (2.36% at December 31, 2012) and amortizes based on a 30-year schedule beginning in the third year. We retained net proceeds of approximately $42,000,000, after repaying the existing loan and closing costs.

 

On November 8, 2012, we completed a $950,000,000 refinancing of 1290 Avenue of the Americas (70% owned), a 2.1 million square foot Manhattan office building. The 10-year fixed rate interest-only loan bears interest at 3.34%.  The partnership retained net proceeds of approximately $522,000,000, after repaying the existing loan and closing costs.

 

On August 17, 2012, we completed a $98,000,000 refinancing of 435 Seventh Avenue, a 43,000 square foot retail property in Manhattan. The seven-year loan bears interest at LIBOR plus 2.25% (2.46% at December 31, 2012). We retained net proceeds of approximately $44,000,000, after repaying the existing loan and closing costs.

 

On July 26, 2012, we completed a $150,000,000 refinancing of 2101 L Street, a 380,000 square foot office building located in Washington, DC. The 12-year fixed rate loan bears interest at 3.97% and amortizes based on a 30-year schedule beginning in the third year.

 

On March 5, 2012, we completed a $325,000,000 refinancing of 100 West 33rd Street, a 1.1 million square foot property located on the entire Sixth Avenue block front between 32nd and 33rd Streets in Manhattan.  The building contains the 257,000 square foot Manhattan Mall and 848,000 square feet of office space.  The three-year loan bears interest at LIBOR plus 2.50% (2.71% at December 31, 2012) and has two one-year extension options.  We retained net proceeds of approximately $87,000,000, after repaying the existing loan and closing costs.       

 

On January 9, 2012, we completed a $300,000,000 refinancing of 350 Park Avenue, a 559,000 square foot Manhattan office building. The five-year fixed rate loan bears interest at 3.75% and amortizes based on a 30-year schedule beginning in the third year. The proceeds of the new loan and $132,000,000 of existing cash were used to repay the existing loan and closing costs.

 

 

Senior Unsecured Debt

 

In April 2012, we redeemed all of the outstanding exchangeable and convertible senior debentures at par, for an aggregate of $510,215,000 in cash.

 

 

8

 


 

 

Financing Activities - CONTINUED

 

 

Preferred Securities

 

In July 2012 and January 2013, we sold an aggregate of $600,000,000 of cumulative redeemable preferred securities with a weighted average cost of 5.55%.  The net proceeds aggregating $581,824,000 were used primarily to redeem outstanding cumulative redeemable preferred securities with an aggregate face amount of $517,500,000 and a weighted average cost of 6.82%.  The details of these transactions are described below. 

 

On February 19, 2013, we redeemed all of the outstanding 6.75% Series F Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares and 6.75% Series H Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares at par, for an aggregate of $262,500,000 in cash, plus accrued and unpaid dividends through the date of redemption.

 

On January 25, 2013, we sold 12,000,000 5.40% Series L Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares at a price of $25.00 per share in an underwritten public offering pursuant to an effective registration statement.  We retained aggregate net proceeds of $290,853,000, after underwriters’ discounts and issuance costs and contributed the net proceeds to the Operating Partnership in exchange for 12,000,000 Series L Preferred Units (with economic terms that mirror those of the Series L Preferred Shares).  Dividends on the Series L Preferred Shares are cumulative and payable quarterly in arrears.  The Series L Preferred Shares are not convertible into, or exchangeable for, any of our properties or securities.  On or after five years from the date of issuance (or sooner under limited circumstances), we may redeem the Series L Preferred Shares at a redemption price of $25.00 per share, plus accrued and unpaid dividends through the date of redemption.  The Series L Preferred Shares have no maturity date and will remain outstanding indefinitely unless redeemed by us.

 

On August 16, 2012, we redeemed all of the outstanding 7.0% Series E Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares at par, for an aggregate of $75,000,000 in cash, plus accrued and unpaid dividends through the date of redemption.

 

On July 19, 2012, we redeemed all of the outstanding 7.0% Series D-10 and 6.75% Series D-14 cumulative redeemable preferred units with an aggregate face amount of $180,000,000 for $168,300,000 in cash, plus accrued and unpaid distributions through the date of redemption.

 

On July 11, 2012, we sold 12,000,000 5.70% Series K Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares at a price of $25.00 per share in an underwritten public offering pursuant to an effective registration statement.  We retained aggregate net proceeds of $290,971,000, after underwriters’ discounts and issuance costs and contributed the net proceeds to the Operating Partnership in exchange for 12,000,000 Series K Preferred Units (with economic terms that mirror those of the Series K Preferred Shares).  Dividends on the Series K Preferred Shares are cumulative and payable quarterly in arrears.  The Series K Preferred Shares are not convertible into, or exchangeable for, any of our properties or securities.  On or after five years from the date of issuance (or sooner under limited circumstances), we may redeem the Series K Preferred Shares at a redemption price of $25.00 per share, plus accrued and unpaid dividends through the date of redemption. The Series K Preferred Shares have no maturity date and will remain outstanding indefinitely unless redeemed by us. 

 

9

 


 

 

Development and Redevelopment Projects                  

 

In 2012, we commenced the re-tenanting and repositioning of 280 Park Avenue (50% owned), and the renovation of the 1.4 million square foot Springfield Mall, both of which are expected to be substantially completed in 2014.  We budgeted approximately $285,000,000 for these projects, of which $31,000,000 was expended in 2012 and $132,000,000 is expected to be expended in 2013 and the balance is expected to be expended in 2014.

 

During 2012, we completed the demolition of the existing residential building down to the second-level, at 220 Central Park South.

  

In addition, we continued lobby renovations at several of our office buildings in New York and Washington, as well as the re-tenanting and repositioning of a number of our strip shopping centers.

 

We are also evaluating other development and redevelopment opportunities at certain of our properties in Manhattan, including the Hotel Pennsylvania and in Washington, including 1900 Crystal Drive, Rosslyn and Pentagon City.

 

In 2010, two of our wholly owned subsidiaries entered into agreements with Cuyahoga County, Ohio (the “County”) to develop and operate the Cleveland Medical Mart and Convention Center (the “Facility”), a 1,000,000 square foot showroom, trade show and conference center in Cleveland’s central business district.  The County is funding the development of the Facility, using the proceeds it received from the issuance of general obligation bonds and other sources, up to the development budget of $418,000,000 and maintains effective control of the property.  During the 17-year development and operating period, our subsidiaries will receive net settled payments of approximately $10,000,000 per year, which are net of a $36,000,000 annual obligation to the County.  Our subsidiaries’ obligation has been pledged by the County to the bondholders, but is payable by our subsidiaries only to the extent that they first receive at least an equal payment from the County.  Construction of the Facility is expected to be completed in 2013.  As of December 31, 2012, $379,658,000 of the $418,000,000 development budget was expended.

 

 

There can be no assurance that any of our development or redevelopment projects will commence, or if commenced, be completed on schedule or within budget.

 

 

sTop & SHop settlement                   

 

On February 6, 2013, we received $124,000,000 pursuant to a settlement agreement with Stop & Shop for our claim under a 1992 agreement which provided for additional annual rent of $6,000,000 for a period potentially through 2031.  The settlement terminates our right to receive this rent under the 1992 agreement and ends litigation between the parties, which started ten years ago.  In prior years, we recognized $47,900,000 of rental income under the agreement.  This settlement will result in $59,000,000 of net income that will be recognized in the first quarter of 2013.

 

 

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SEGMENT DATA

 

We operate in the following business segments: New York, Washington, DC, Retail Properties, Merchandise Mart and Toys “R” Us (“Toys”).  Financial information related to these business segments for the years ended December 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010 is set forth in Note 26 – Segment Information to our consolidated financial statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.  The Toys segment has 651 locations internationally.

 

 

SEASONALITY

 

Our revenues and expenses are subject to seasonality during the year which impacts quarterly net earnings, cash flows and funds from operations, and therefore impacts comparisons of the current quarter to the previous quarter. The business of Toys is highly seasonal. Historically, Toys’ fourth quarter net income, which we record on a one-quarter lag basis in our first quarter, accounts for more than 80% of its fiscal year net income. The New York and Washington, DC segments have historically experienced higher utility costs in the first and third quarters of the year.  The Retail Properties segment revenue in the fourth quarter is typically higher due to the recognition of percentage and specialty rental income.

 

 

tenants ACCOUNTING FOR over 10% of revenues

 

None of our tenants accounted for more than 10% of total revenues in any of the years ended December 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010.

 

 

Certain Activities

 

We do not base our acquisitions and investments on specific allocations by type of property. We have historically held our properties for long‑term investment; however, it is possible that properties in the portfolio may be sold as circumstances warrant. Further, we have not adopted a policy that limits the amount or percentage of assets which could be invested in a specific property or property type. While we may seek the vote of our shareholders in connection with any particular material transaction, generally our activities are reviewed and may be modified from time to time by our Board of Trustees without the vote of shareholders.

 

 

Employees

 

As of December 31, 2012, we have approximately 4,428 employees, of which 327 are corporate staff. The New York segment has 3,308 employees, including 2,641 employees of Building Maintenance Services LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary, which provides cleaning, security and engineering services primarily to our New York and Washington, DC properties and 516 employees at the Hotel Pennsylvania. The Washington, DC, Retail Properties and Merchandise Mart segments have 456, 110 and 227 employees, respectively. The foregoing does not include employees of partially owned entities, including Toys or Alexander’s, of which we own 32.6% and 32.4%, respectively. 

 

 

principal executive offices

 

Our principal executive offices are located at 888 Seventh Avenue, New York, New York 10019; telephone (212) 894‑7000. 

 

 

MATERIALS AVAILABLE ON OUR WEBSITE

 

Copies of our Annual Report on Form 10‑K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10‑Q, Current Reports on Form 8‑K, and amendments to those reports, as well as Reports on Forms 3, 4 and 5 regarding officers, trustees or 10% beneficial owners of us, filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a), 15(d) or 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 are available free of charge through our website (www.vno.com) as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission. Also available on our website are copies of our Audit Committee Charter, Compensation Committee Charter, Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee Charter, Code of Business Conduct and Ethics and Corporate Governance Guidelines. In the event of any changes to these charters or the code or guidelines, changed copies will also be made available on our website.  Copies of these documents are also available directly from us free of charge.  Our website also includes other financial information, including certain non-GAAP financial measures, none of which is a part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.  Copies of our filings under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 are also available free of charge from us, upon request.

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ITEM 1A.     RISK FACTORS

Material factors that may adversely affect our business, operations and financial condition are summarized below.  The risks and uncertainties described herein may not be the only ones we face.  Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently believe to be immaterial may also adversely affect our business.  See “Forward-Looking Statements” contained herein on page 3.

 

Real Estate Investments’ Value and Income Fluctuate Due to Various Factors.

The value of real estate fluctuates depending on conditions in the general economy and the real estate business. These conditions may also adversely impact our revenues and cash flows.

 

The factors that affect the value of our real estate investments include, among other things:

·      national, regional and local economic conditions;

·      competition from other available space;

·      local conditions such as an oversupply of space or a reduction in demand for real estate in the area;

·      how well we manage our properties;

·         the development and/or redevelopment of our properties;

·      changes in market rental rates;

·      the timing and costs associated with property improvements and rentals;

·      whether we are able to pass all or portions of any increases in operating costs through to tenants;

·      changes in real estate taxes and other expenses;  

·      whether tenants and users such as customers and shoppers consider a property attractive;

·      the financial condition of our tenants, including the extent of tenant bankruptcies or defaults;

·      availability of financing on acceptable terms or at all;

·      fluctuations in interest rates;

·      our ability to obtain adequate insurance;

·      changes in zoning laws and taxation;

·      government regulation;

·      consequences of any armed conflict involving, or terrorist attacks against, the United States;

·      potential liability under environmental or other laws or regulations;

·         natural disasters;

·      general competitive factors; and

·         climate changes.

 

The rents or sales proceeds we receive and the occupancy levels at our properties may decline as a result of adverse changes in any of these factors. If rental revenues, sales proceeds and/or occupancy levels decline, we generally would expect to have less cash available to pay indebtedness and for distribution to shareholders. In addition, some of our major expenses, including mortgage payments, real estate taxes and maintenance costs generally do not decline when the related rents decline.

 

Capital markets and economic conditions can materially affect our financial condition and results of operations and the value of our debt and equity securities.

There are many factors that can affect the value of our debt and equity securities, including the state of the capital markets and the economy, which over the past few years have negatively affected substantially all businesses, including ours.  Demand for office and retail space may decline nationwide as it did in 2008 and 2009, due to bankruptcies, downsizing, layoffs and cost cutting.  Government action or inaction may adversely affect the state of the capital markets.  The cost and availability of credit may be adversely affected by illiquid credit markets and wider credit spreads, which may adversely affect our liquidity and financial condition, and the liquidity and financial condition of our tenants.  Our inability or the inability of our tenants to timely refinance maturing liabilities and access the capital markets to meet liquidity needs may materially affect our financial condition and results of operations and the value of our debt and equity securities.

 

 

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Real estate is a competitive business.

Our business segments – New York, Washington, DC, Retail Properties, Merchandise Mart and Toys – operate in a highly competitive environment. We have a large concentration of properties in the New York City metropolitan area and in the Washington, DC / Northern Virginia area. We compete with a large number of property owners and developers, some of which may be willing to accept lower returns on their investments than we are. Principal factors of competition include rents charged, sales prices, attractiveness of location, the quality of the property and the breadth and quality of services provided. Our success depends upon, among other factors, trends of the national, regional and local economies, financial condition and operating results of current and prospective tenants and customers, availability and cost of capital, construction and renovation costs, taxes, governmental regulation, legislation and population trends.

 

We depend on leasing space to tenants on economically favorable terms and collecting rent from tenants who may not be able to pay.

Our financial results depend significantly on leasing space in our properties to tenants on economically favorable terms. In addition, because a majority of our income comes from renting of real property, our income, funds available to pay indebtedness and funds available for distribution to shareholders will decrease if a significant number of our tenants cannot pay their rent or if we are not able to maintain occupancy levels on favorable terms. If a tenant does not pay its rent, we may not be able to enforce our rights as landlord without delays and may incur substantial legal costs.  During periods of economic adversity, there may be an increase in the number of tenants that cannot pay their rent and an increase in vacancy rates.

 

Bankruptcy or insolvency of tenants may decrease our revenue, net income and available cash.

From time to time, some of our tenants have declared bankruptcy, and other tenants may declare bankruptcy or become insolvent in the future. In the case of our shopping centers, the bankruptcy or insolvency of a major tenant could cause us to suffer lower revenues and operational difficulties, including leasing the remainder of the property. As a result, the bankruptcy or insolvency of a major tenant could result in decreased revenue, net income and funds available for the payment of indebtedness or for distribution to shareholders. 

 

We may incur costs to comply with environmental laws.

Our operations and properties are subject to various federal, state and local laws and regulations concerning the protection of the environment, including air and water quality, hazardous or toxic substances and health and safety. Under some environmental laws, a current or previous owner or operator of real estate may be required to investigate and clean up hazardous or toxic substances released at a property. The owner or operator may also be held liable to a governmental entity or to third parties for property damage or personal injuries and for investigation and clean-up costs incurred by those parties because of the contamination. These laws often impose liability without regard to whether the owner or operator knew of the release of the substances or caused the release. The presence of contamination or the failure to remediate contamination may impair our ability to sell or lease real estate or to borrow using the real estate as collateral. Other laws and regulations govern indoor and outdoor air quality including those that can require the abatement or removal of asbestos-containing materials in the event of damage, demolition, renovation or remodeling and also govern emissions of and exposure to asbestos fibers in the air. The maintenance and removal of lead paint and certain electrical equipment containing polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and underground storage tanks are also regulated by federal and state laws. We are also subject to risks associated with human exposure to chemical or biological contaminants such as molds, pollens, viruses and bacteria which, above certain levels, can be alleged to be connected to allergic or other health effects and symptoms in susceptible individuals. Our predecessor companies may be subject to similar liabilities for activities of those companies in the past.  We could incur fines for environmental compliance and be held liable for the costs of remedial action with respect to the foregoing regulated substances or tanks or related claims arising out of environmental contamination or human exposure to contamination at or from our properties.

 

Each of our properties has been subject to varying degrees of environmental assessment. The environmental assessments did not, as of this date, reveal any environmental condition material to our business. However, identification of new compliance concerns or undiscovered areas of contamination, changes in the extent or known scope of contamination, discovery of additional sites, human exposure to the contamination or changes in clean-up or compliance requirements could result in significant costs to us.

 

 

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Inflation or deflation may adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Although neither inflation nor deflation has materially impacted our operations in the recent past, increased inflation could have a pronounced negative impact on our mortgages and interest rates and general and administrative expenses, as these costs could increase at a rate higher than our rents.  Inflation could also have an adverse effect on consumer spending which could impact our tenants’ sales and, in turn, our percentage rents, where applicable.  Conversely, deflation could lead to downward pressure on rents and other sources of income.  In addition, we own residential properties which are leased to tenants with one-year lease terms.  Because these are short-term leases, declines in market rents will impact our residential properties faster than if the leases were for longer terms.

 

Some of our potential losses may not be covered by insurance.

We maintain general liability insurance with limits of $300,000,000 per occurrence and all risk property and rental value insurance with limits of $2.0 billion per occurrence, including coverage for terrorist acts, with sub-limits for certain perils such as floods.  Our California properties have earthquake insurance with coverage of $180,000,000 per occurrence, subject to a deductible in the amount of 5% of the value of the affected property, up to a $180,000,000 annual aggregate.

 

Penn Plaza Insurance Company, LLC (“PPIC”), our wholly owned consolidated subsidiary, acts as a re-insurer with respect to all risk property and rental value insurance and a portion of our earthquake insurance coverage, and as a direct insurer for coverage for acts of terrorism, including nuclear, biological, chemical and radiological (“NBCR”) acts, as defined by the Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act. Coverage for acts of terrorism (excluding NBCR acts) is fully reinsured by third party insurance companies and the Federal government with no exposure to PPIC.  Coverage for NBCR losses is up to $2.0 billion per occurrence, for which PPIC is responsible for a deductible of $3,200,000 and 15% of the balance of a covered loss and the Federal government is responsible for the remaining 85% of a covered loss.  We are ultimately responsible for any loss borne by PPIC.

 

We continue to monitor the state of the insurance market and the scope and costs of coverage for acts of terrorism.  However, we cannot anticipate what coverage will be available on commercially reasonable terms in future policy years.

 

Our debt instruments, consisting of mortgage loans secured by our properties which are non-recourse to us, senior unsecured notes and revolving credit agreements contain customary covenants requiring us to maintain insurance. Although we believe that we have adequate insurance coverage for purposes of these agreements, we may not be able to obtain an equivalent amount of coverage at reasonable costs in the future. Further, if lenders insist on greater coverage than we are able to obtain it could adversely affect our ability to finance our properties and expand our portfolio.

 

Because we operate a hotel, we face the risks associated with the hospitality industry.

We own and operate the Hotel Pennsylvania in New York City. The following factors, among others, are common to the hotel industry and may reduce the revenues generated by the hotel, which would reduce cash available for distribution to our shareholders:

 

·      our hotel competes for guests with other hotels, a number of which have greater marketing and financial resources;

·      if there is an increase in operating costs resulting from inflation and other factors, we may not be able to offset such increase by increasing room rates;

·      our hotel is subject to the fluctuating and seasonal demands of business travelers and tourism;

·      our hotel is subject to general and local economic and social conditions that may affect demand for travel in general, including war and terrorism; and

·      physical condition, which may require substantial additional capital.

 

Because of the ownership structure of the Hotel Pennsylvania, we face potential adverse effects from changes to the applicable tax laws.

Under the Internal Revenue Code, REITs like us are not allowed to operate hotels directly or indirectly. Accordingly, we lease the Hotel Pennsylvania to our taxable REIT subsidiary (“TRS”). While the TRS structure allows the economic benefits of ownership to flow to us, the TRS is subject to tax on its income from the operations of the hotel at the federal and state level. In addition, the TRS is subject to detailed tax regulations that affect how it may be capitalized and operated. If the tax laws applicable to a TRS are modified, we may be forced to modify the structure for owning the hotel, and such changes may adversely affect the cash flows from the hotel. In addition, the Internal Revenue Service, the United States Treasury Department and Congress frequently review federal income tax legislation, and we cannot predict whether, when or to what extent new federal tax laws, regulations, interpretations or rulings will be adopted. Any such actions may prospectively or retroactively modify the tax treatment of the TRS and, therefore, may adversely affect our after-tax returns from the hotel.

 

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Compliance or failure to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act or other safety regulations and requirements could result in substantial costs.  

The Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA”) generally requires that public buildings, including our properties, meet certain federal requirements related to access and use by disabled persons.  Noncompliance could result in the imposition of fines by the federal government or the award of damages to private litigants and/or legal fees to their counsel.  From time to time persons have asserted claims against us with respect to some of our properties under the ADA, but to date such claims have not resulted in any material expense or liability.  If, under the ADA, we are required to make substantial alterations and capital expenditures in one or more of our properties, including the removal of access barriers, it could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations, as well as the amount of cash available for distribution to shareholders.

 

Our properties are subject to various federal, state and local regulatory requirements, such as state and local fire and life safety requirements.  If we fail to comply with these requirements, we could incur fines or private damage awards.  We do not know whether existing requirements will change or whether compliance with future requirements will require significant unanticipated expenditures that will affect our cash flow and results of operations.

 

We face risks associated with our tenants being designated “Prohibited Persons” by the Office of Foreign Assets Control.   

 

Pursuant to Executive Order 13224 and other laws, the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the United States Department of the Treasury (“OFAC”) maintains a list of persons designated as terrorists or who are otherwise blocked or banned (“Prohibited Persons”) from conducting business or engaging in transactions in the United States.  Our leases, loans and other agreements may require us to comply with OFAC requirements.  If a tenant or other party with whom we conduct business is placed on the OFAC list we may be required to terminate the lease or other agreement.  Any such termination could result in a loss of revenue or otherwise negatively affect our financial results and cash flows.

 

Our business and operations would suffer in the event of system failures.   

 

Despite system redundancy, the implementation of security measures and the existence of a disaster recovery plan for our internal information technology systems, our systems are vulnerable to damages from any number of sources, including computer viruses, unauthorized access, energy blackouts, natural disasters, terrorism, war and telecommunication failures.  Any system failure or accident that causes interruptions in our operations could result in a material disruption to our business.  We may also incur additional costs to remedy damages caused by such disruptions.

 

The occurrence of cyber incidents, or a deficiency in our cybersecurity, could negatively impact our business by causing a disruption to our operations, a compromise or corruption of our confidential information, and/or damage to our business relationships, all of which could negatively impact our financial results.

 

A cyber incident is considered to be any adverse event that threatens the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of our information resources. More specifically, a cyber incident is an intentional attack or an unintentional event that can include gaining unauthorized access to systems to disrupt operations, corrupt data, or steal confidential information. As our reliance on technology has increased, so have the risks posed to our systems, both internal and those we have outsourced. Our three primary risks that could directly result from the occurrence of a cyber incident include operational interruption, damage to our relationship with our tenants, and private data exposure.  We have implemented processes, procedures and controls to help mitigate these risks, but these measures, as well as our increased awareness of a risk of a cyber incident, do not guarantee that our financial results will not be negatively impacted by such an incident.

 

 

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Our Investments Are Concentrated in the New York CITY METROPOLITAN AREA and Washington, DC / NORTHERN VIRGINIA Area. Circumstances Affecting These Areas Generally Could Adversely Affect Our Business.

 

A significant portion of our properties are located in the New York City / New Jersey metropolitan area and Washington, DC / Northern Virginia area and are affected by the economic cycles and risks inherent to those areas.

In 2012, approximately 74% of our EBITDA, excluding items that affect comparability, came from properties located in the New York City metropolitan areas and the Washington, DC / Northern Virginia area.  We may continue to concentrate a significant portion of our future acquisitions in these areas or in other geographic real estate markets in the United States or abroad.  Real estate markets are subject to economic downturns and we cannot predict how economic conditions will impact these markets in either the short or long term. Declines in the economy or declines in real estate markets in these areas could hurt our financial performance and the value of our properties.  In addition to the factors affecting the national economic condition generally, the factors affecting economic conditions in these regions include:

 

·      financial performance and productivity of the publishing, advertising, financial, technology, retail, insurance and real estate industries;

·      space needs of, and budgetary constraints affecting, the United States Government, including the effect of a deficit reduction plan and/or base closures and repositioning under the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 2005, as amended;

·      business layoffs or downsizing;

·      industry slowdowns;

·      relocations of businesses;

·      changing demographics;

·      increased telecommuting and use of alternative work places;

·      infrastructure quality; and

·      any oversupply of, or reduced demand for, real estate.

 

It is impossible for us to assess the future effects of trends in the economic and investment climates of the geographic areas in which we concentrate, and more generally of the United States, or the real estate markets in these areas.  Local, national or global economic downturns, would negatively affect our businesses and profitability.

 

Terrorist attacks, such as those of September 11, 2001 in New York City and the Washington, DC area, may adversely affect the value of our properties and our ability to generate cash flow.

We have significant investments in large metropolitan areas, including the New York, Washington, DC and San Francisco metropolitan areas. In the aftermath of a terrorist attack, tenants in these areas may choose to relocate their businesses to less populated, lower-profile areas of the United States that may be perceived to be less likely targets of future terrorist activity and fewer customers may choose to patronize businesses in these areas. This, in turn, would trigger a decrease in the demand for space in these areas, which could increase vacancies in our properties and force us to lease space on less favorable terms. As a result, the value of our properties and the level of our revenues and cash flows could decline materially.

 

Natural Disasters could have a concentrated impact on the areas where we operate and could adversely impact our results.

We have significant investments in large metropolitan areas, including the New York, Washington, DC and San Francisco metropolitan areas.  As much of our investments are concentrated along the Eastern Seaboard, natural disasters, such as those resulting from Superstorm Sandy, could impact several of our properties.  Additionally, natural disasters, including earthquakes, could impact several of our properties in other areas in which we operate.  Potentially adverse consequences of “global warming” could similarly have an impact on our properties.  As a result, we could become subject to significant losses and/or repair costs that may or may not be fully covered by insurance and to the risk of business interruption.  The incurrence of these losses, costs or business interruptions may adversely affect our operating and financial results.

 

 

 

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We May Acquire or Sell Assets or Entities or Develop Properties. Our Failure or Inability to Consummate These Transactions or Manage the Results of These Transactions Could Adversely Affect Our Operations and Financial Results.

 

We have grown substantially since 2002 through acquisitions. We may not be able to maintain this growth and our failure to do so could adversely affect our stock price.

We have grown substantially since 2002, increasing our total assets from approximately $9.0 billion at December 31, 2002 to approximately $22.0 billion at December 31, 2012. We may not be able to maintain a similar rate of growth in the future or manage growth effectively. Our failure to do so may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations as well as the amount of cash available for distributions to shareholders.

 

We may acquire or develop properties or acquire other real estate related companies and this may create risks.

We may acquire or develop properties or acquire other real estate related companies when we believe that an acquisition or development is consistent with our business strategy. We may not, however, succeed in consummating desired acquisitions or in completing developments on time or within budget. In addition, we may face competition in pursuing acquisition or development opportunities that could increase our costs. When we do pursue a project or acquisition, we may not succeed in leasing or selling newly-developed or acquired properties at rents or sales prices sufficient to cover costs of acquisition or development and operations.  Difficulties in integrating acquisitions may prove costly or time-consuming and could divert management’s attention. Acquisitions or developments in new markets or industries where we do not have the same level of market knowledge may result in weaker than anticipated performance. We may also abandon acquisition or development opportunities that we have begun pursuing and consequently fail to recover expenses already incurred and have devoted management time to a matter not consummated. Furthermore, acquisitions of new properties or companies will expose us to the liabilities of those properties or companies, some of which we may not be aware of at the time of acquisition. Development of our existing properties presents similar risks.

 

From time to time we have made, and in the future we may seek to make, one or more material acquisitions.  The announcement of such a material acquisition may result in a rapid and significant decline in the price of our common shares.

 

We are continuously looking at material transactions that we believe will maximize shareholder value.  However, an announcement by us of one or more significant acquisitions could result in a quick and significant decline in the price of our common shares. 

 

It may be difficult to buy and sell real estate quickly, which may limit our flexibility.

Real estate investments are relatively difficult to buy and sell quickly. Consequently, we may have limited ability to vary our portfolio promptly in response to changes in economic or other conditions.

 

We may not be permitted to dispose of certain properties or pay down the debt associated with those properties when we might otherwise desire to do so without incurring additional costs.  In addition, when we dispose of or sell assets, we may not be able to reinvest the sales proceeds and earn similar returns.

As part of an acquisition of a property, or a portfolio of properties, we may agree, and in the past have agreed, not to dispose of the acquired properties or reduce the mortgage indebtedness for a long-term period, unless we pay certain of the resulting tax costs of the seller. These agreements could result in us holding on to properties that we would otherwise sell and not pay down or refinance.  In addition, when we dispose of or sell assets, we may not be able to reinvest the sales proceeds and earn returns similar to those generated by the assets that were sold.

 

From time to time we make investments in companies over which we do not have sole control. Some of these companies operate in industries that differ from our current operations, with different risks than investing in real estate.

From time to time we make debt or equity investments in other companies that we may not control or over which we may not have sole control. These investments include but are not limited to, Alexander’s, Inc. (“Alexander’s”), Toys “R” Us (“Toys”), Lexington Realty Trust (“Lexington”), J.C. Penney Company, Inc. (“J.C. Penney”), and other equity and mezzanine investments. Although these businesses generally have a significant real estate component, some of them operate in businesses that are different from our primary lines of business including, without limitation, operating or managing toy stores and department stores. Consequently, investments in these businesses, among other risks, subjects us to the operating and financial risks of industries other than real estate and to the risk that we do not have sole control over the operations of these businesses. From time to time we may make additional investments in or acquire other entities that may subject us to similar risks. Investments in entities over which we do not have sole control, including joint ventures, present additional risks such as having differing objectives than our partners or the entities in which we invest, or becoming involved in disputes, or competing with those persons.  In addition, we rely on the internal controls and financial reporting controls of these entities and their failure to maintain effectiveness or comply with applicable standards may adversely affect us.

 

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We are subject to risks that affect the general retail environment.

A substantial portion of our properties are in the retail shopping center real estate market and we have a significant investment in retailers such as Toys and J.C. Penney. This means that we are subject to factors that affect the retail environment generally, including the level of consumer spending and consumer confidence, the threat of terrorism and increasing competition from discount retailers, outlet malls, retail websites and catalog companies. These factors could adversely affect the financial condition of our retail tenants and the retailers in which we hold an investment and the willingness of retailers to lease space in our shopping centers, and in turn, adversely affect us.

 

Our investment in Toys subjects us to risks that are different from our other lines of business and may result in increased seasonality and volatility in our reported earnings.

Because Toys is a retailer, its operations subject us to the risks of a retail company that are different than those presented by our other lines of business. The business of Toys is highly seasonal. Historically, Toys fourth quarter net income accounts for more than 80% of its fiscal year net income. In addition, our fiscal year ends on December 31 whereas, as is common for retailers, Toys’ fiscal year ends on the Saturday nearest to January 31. Therefore, we record our pro rata share of Toys’ net earnings on a one-quarter lag basis. For example, our financial results for the year ended December 31, 2012 include Toys’ financial results for its first, second and third quarters ended October 29, 2012, as well as Toys’ fourth quarter results of 2011. Because of the seasonality of Toys, our reported quarterly net income shows increased volatility. We may also, in the future and from time to time, invest in other businesses that may report financial results that are more volatile than our historical financial results. 

 

We depend upon our anchor tenants to attract shoppers.

We own several regional malls and other shopping centers that are typically anchored by well-known department stores and other tenants who generate shopping traffic at the mall or shopping center. The value of our properties would be adversely affected if tenants or anchors failed to meet their contractual obligations, sought concessions in order to continue operations or ceased their operations, including as a result of bankruptcy. If the sales of stores operating in our properties were to decline significantly due to economic conditions, closing of anchors or for other reasons, tenants may be unable to pay their minimum rents or expense recovery charges. In the event of a default by a tenant or anchor, we may experience delays and costs in enforcing our rights as landlord.

 

Our decision to dispose of real estate assets would change the holding period assumption in our valuation analyses, which could result in material impairment losses and adversely affect our financial results.

 

 We evaluate real estate assets for impairment based on the projected cash flow of the asset over our anticipated holding period.  If we change our intended holding period, due to our intention to sell or otherwise dispose of an asset, then under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, we must reevaluate whether that asset is impaired.  Depending on the carrying value of the property at the time we change our intention and the amount that we estimate we would receive on disposal, we may record an impairment loss that would adversely affect our financial results. This loss could be material to our results of operations in the period that it is recognized.

  

We invest in mortgage loans and subordinated or mezzanine debt of certain entities that have significant real estate assets. 

We invest, and may in the future invest, in mortgage loans and subordinated or mezzanine debt of certain entities that have significant real estate assets.  These investments are either secured by the real property or by pledges of the equity interests of the entities owning the underlying real estate.  If a borrower defaults on debt to us or on debt senior to us, or declares bankruptcy, we may not be able to recover some or all of our investment.  In addition, there may be significant delays and costs associated with the process of foreclosing on collateral securing or supporting these investments.  The value of the assets securing or supporting our investments could deteriorate over time due to factors beyond our control, including acts or omissions by owners, changes in business, economic or market conditions, or foreclosure.  Such deteriorations in value may result in the recognition of impairment losses and/or valuation allowances on our statements of income.  As of December 31, 2012, our investments in mortgage and mezzanine debt securities have an aggregate carrying amount of $225,359,000. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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We evaluate the collectibility of both interest and principal of each of our loans whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate such amounts may not be recoverable.  A loan is impaired when it is probable that we will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the existing contractual terms. When a loan is impaired, the amount of the loss accrual is calculated by comparing the carrying amount of the investment to the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate, or as a practical expedient, to the value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent.  There can be no assurance that our estimates of collectible amounts will not change over time or that they will be representative of the amounts we will actually collect, including amounts we would collect if we chose to sell these investments before their maturity.  If we collect less than our estimates, we will record impairment losses which could be material.

 

We invest in marketable equity securities.  The value of these investments may decline as a result of operating performance or economic or market conditions. 

We invest in marketable equity securities of publicly-traded companies, such as J.C. Penney.  As of December 31, 2012, our marketable securities have an aggregate carrying amount of $398,188,000, at market.  Significant declines in the value of these investments due to, among other reasons, operating performance or economic or market conditions, may result in the recognition of impairment losses which could be material. 

 

 

Our Organizational and Financial Structure Gives Rise to Operational and Financial Risks.

We may not be able to obtain capital to make investments.

We depend primarily on external financing to fund the growth of our business. This is because one of the requirements of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, for a REIT is that it distributes 90% of its taxable income, excluding net capital gains, to its shareholders. There is a separate requirement to distribute net capital gains or pay a corporate level tax in lieu thereof. Our access to debt or equity financing depends on the willingness of third parties to lend or make equity investments and on conditions in the capital markets generally. Although we believe that we will be able to finance any investments we may wish to make in the foreseeable future, there can be no assurance that new financing will be available or available on acceptable terms.  For information about our available sources of funds, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and Capital Resources” and the notes to the consolidated financial statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Vornado Realty Trust (“Vornado”) depends on dividends and distributions from its direct and indirect subsidiaries. The creditors and preferred security holders of these subsidiaries are entitled to amounts payable to them by the subsidiaries before the subsidiaries may pay any dividends or distributions to Vornado.

Substantially all of Vornado’s assets are held through its Operating Partnership that holds substantially all of its properties and assets through subsidiaries. The Operating Partnership’s cash flow is dependent on cash distributions to it by its subsidiaries, and in turn, substantially all of Vornado’s cash flow is dependent on cash distributions to it by the Operating Partnership. The creditors of each of Vornado’s direct and indirect subsidiaries are entitled to payment of that subsidiary’s obligations to them, when due and payable, before distributions may be made by that subsidiary to its equity holders. Thus, the Operating Partnership’s ability to make distributions to holders of its units depends on its subsidiaries’ ability first to satisfy their obligations to their creditors and then to make distributions to the Operating Partnership. Likewise, Vornado’s ability to pay dividends to holders of common and preferred shares depends on the Operating Partnership’s ability first to satisfy its obligations to its creditors and make distributions payable to holders of preferred units and then to make distributions to Vornado.

 

Furthermore, the holders of preferred units of the Operating Partnership are entitled to receive preferred distributions before payment of distributions to holders of Class A units of the Operating Partnership, including Vornado. Thus, Vornado’s ability to pay cash dividends to its shareholders and satisfy its debt obligations depends on the Operating Partnership’s ability first to satisfy its obligations to its creditors and make distributions to holders of its preferred units and then to holders of its Class A units, including Vornado.  As of December 31, 2012, there were four series of preferred units of the Operating Partnership not held by Vornado with a total liquidation value of $101,095,000.

 

In addition, Vornado’s participation in any distribution of the assets of any of its direct or indirect subsidiaries upon the liquidation, reorganization or insolvency, is only after the claims of the creditors, including trade creditors and preferred security holders, are satisfied.

 

19

 


 

 

  

We have outstanding debt, and the amount of debt and its cost may increase and refinancing may not be available on acceptable terms.

As of December 31, 2012, we had approximately $14.7 billion of total debt outstanding, including our pro rata share of debt of partially owned entities, and excluding $25.4 billion for our pro rata share of LNR’s liabilities related to its consolidated CMBS and CDO trusts, which are non-recourse to LNR and its equity holders, including us.  Our ratio of total debt to total enterprise value was approximately 46%. When we say “enterprise value” in the preceding sentence, we mean market equity value of our common and preferred securities plus total debt outstanding, including our pro rata share of debt of partially owned entities, and excluding LNR’s liabilities related to its consolidated CMBS and CDO trusts.  In the future, we may incur additional debt to finance acquisitions or property developments and thus increase our ratio of total debt to total enterprise value. If our level of indebtedness increases, there may be an increased risk of a credit rating downgrade or a default on our obligations that could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations. In addition, in a rising interest rate environment, the cost of existing variable rate debt and any new debt or other market rate security or instrument may increase.  Furthermore, we may not be able to refinance existing indebtedness in sufficient amounts or on acceptable terms.

 

Covenants in our debt instruments could adversely affect our financial condition and our acquisitions and development activities.

The mortgages on our properties contain customary covenants such as those that limit our ability, without the prior consent of the lender, to further mortgage the applicable property or to discontinue insurance coverage. Our unsecured credit facilities, unsecured debt securities and other loans that we may obtain in the future contain, or may contain, customary restrictions, requirements and other limitations on our ability to incur indebtedness, including covenants that limit our ability to incur debt based upon the level of our ratio of total debt to total assets, our ratio of secured debt to total assets, our ratio of EBITDA to interest expense, and fixed charges, and that require us to maintain a certain level of unencumbered assets to unsecured debt. Our ability to borrow is subject to compliance with these and other covenants. In addition, failure to comply with our covenants could cause a default under the applicable debt instrument, and we may then be required to repay such debt with capital from other sources. Under those circumstances, other sources of capital may not be available to us, or may be available only on unattractive terms.

 

We rely on debt financing, including borrowings under our unsecured credit facilities, issuances of unsecured debt securities and debt secured by individual properties, to finance acquisitions and development activities and for working capital. If we are unable to obtain debt financing from these or other sources, or refinance existing indebtedness upon maturity, our financial condition and results of operations would likely be adversely affected. If we breach covenants in our debt agreements, the lenders can declare a default and, if the debt is secured, can take possession of the property securing the defaulted loan.

 

Vornado may fail to qualify or remain qualified as a REIT and may be required to pay income taxes at corporate rates.

Although we believe that we will remain organized and will continue to operate so as to qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, we may fail to remain qualified in this way. Qualification as a REIT for federal income tax purposes is governed by highly technical and complex provisions of the Internal Revenue Code for which there are only limited judicial or administrative interpretations. Our qualification as a REIT also depends on various facts and circumstances that are not entirely within our control. In addition, legislation, new regulations, administrative interpretations or court decisions may significantly change the tax laws with respect to the requirements for qualification as a REIT or the federal income tax consequences of qualifying as a REIT.

 

If, with respect to any taxable year, we fail to maintain our qualification as a REIT and do not qualify under statutory relief provisions, we could not deduct distributions to shareholders in computing our taxable income and would have to pay federal income tax on our taxable income at regular corporate rates. The federal income tax payable would include any applicable alternative minimum tax. If we had to pay federal income tax, the amount of money available to distribute to shareholders and pay our indebtedness would be reduced for the year or years involved, and we would no longer be required to make distributions to shareholders. In addition, we would also be disqualified from treatment as a REIT for the four taxable years following the year during which qualification was lost, unless we were entitled to relief under the relevant statutory provisions. Although we currently intend to operate in a manner designed to allow us to qualify as a REIT, future economic, market, legal, tax or other considerations may cause us to revoke the REIT election or fail to qualify as a REIT.

 

20

 


 

 

We face possible adverse changes in tax laws, which may result in an increase in our tax liability.

From time to time changes in state and local tax laws or regulations are enacted, which may result in an increase in our tax liability. The shortfall in tax revenues for states and municipalities in recent years may lead to an increase in the frequency and size of such changes. If such changes occur, we may be required to pay additional taxes on our assets or income. These increased tax costs could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations and the amount of cash available for payment of dividends.

 

Loss of our key personnel could harm our operations and adversely affect the value of our common shares.

We are dependent on the efforts of Steven Roth, the Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Vornado, and Michael D. Fascitelli, the President and Chief Executive Officer of Vornado. While we believe that we could find replacements for these and other key personnel, the loss of their services could harm our operations and adversely affect the value of our common shares.

 

 

Vornado’s charter documents and applicable law may hinder any attempt to acquire us.

Our Amended and Restated Declaration of Trust sets limits on the ownership of our shares.

Generally, for Vornado to maintain its qualification as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code, not more than 50% in value of the outstanding shares of beneficial interest of Vornado may be owned, directly or indirectly, by five or fewer individuals at any time during the last half of Vornado’s taxable year. The Internal Revenue Code defines “individuals” for purposes of the requirement described in the preceding sentence to include some types of entities. Under Vornado’s Amended and Restated Declaration of Trust, as amended, no person may own more than 6.7% of the outstanding common shares of any class, or 9.9% of the outstanding preferred shares of any class, with some exceptions for persons who held common shares in excess of the 6.7% limit before Vornado adopted the limit and other persons approved by Vornado’s Board of Trustees. These restrictions on transferability and ownership may delay, deter or prevent a change in control of Vornado or other transaction that might involve a premium price or otherwise be in the best interest of the shareholders. We refer to Vornado’s Amended and Restated Declaration of Trust, as amended, as the “declaration of trust.”

 

Vornado has a classified Board of Trustees and that may reduce the likelihood of certain takeover transactions.

 

Vornado’s Board of Trustees is divided into three classes of trustees. Trustees of each class are chosen for three-year staggered terms. Staggered terms of trustees may reduce the possibility of a tender offer or an attempt to change control of Vornado, even though a tender offer or change in control might be in the best interest of Vornado’s shareholders.

 

We may issue additional shares in a manner that could adversely affect the likelihood of certain takeover transactions.

 

Vornado’s declaration of trust authorizes the Board of Trustees to:

·      cause Vornado to issue additional authorized but unissued common shares or preferred shares;

·      classify or reclassify, in one or more series, any unissued preferred shares;

·      set the preferences, rights and other terms of any classified or reclassified shares that Vornado issues; and

·      increase, without shareholder approval, the number of shares of beneficial interest that Vornado may issue.

 

The Board of Trustees could establish a series of preferred shares whose terms could delay, deter or prevent a change in control of Vornado or other transaction that might involve a premium price or otherwise be in the best interest of Vornado’s shareholders, although the Board of Trustees does not now intend to establish a series of preferred shares of this kind. Vornado’s declaration of trust and bylaws contain other provisions that may delay, deter or prevent a change in control of Vornado or other transaction that might involve a premium price or otherwise be in the best interest of our shareholders.

21

 


 

 

The Maryland General Corporation Law contains provisions that may reduce the likelihood of certain takeover transactions.

 

Under the Maryland General Corporation Law, as amended, which we refer to as the “MGCL,” as applicable to REITs, certain “business combinations,” including certain mergers, consolidations, share exchanges and asset transfers and certain issuances and reclassifications of equity securities, between a Maryland REIT and any person who beneficially owns ten percent or more of the voting power of the trust’s shares or an affiliate or an associate, as defined in the MGCL, of the trust who, at any time within the two-year period before the date in question, was the beneficial owner of ten percent or more of the voting power of the then outstanding voting shares of beneficial interest of the trust, which we refer to as an “interested shareholder,” or an affiliate of the interested shareholder, are prohibited for five years after the most recent date on which the interested shareholder becomes an interested shareholder. After that five-year period, any business combination of these kinds must be recommended by the board of trustees of the trust and approved by the affirmative vote of at least (a) 80% of the votes entitled to be cast by holders of outstanding voting shares of beneficial interest of the trust and (b) two-thirds of the votes entitled to be cast by holders of voting shares of beneficial interest of the trust other than shares held by the interested shareholder with whom, or with whose affiliate, the business combination is to be effected or held by an affiliate or associate of the interested shareholder.  These supermajority voting requirements do not apply if the trust’s common shareholders receive a minimum price, as defined in the MGCL, for their shares and the consideration is received in cash or in the same form as previously paid by the interested shareholder for its common shares.

 

The provisions of the MGCL do not apply, however, to business combinations that are approved or exempted by the board of trustees of the applicable trust before the interested shareholder becomes an interested shareholder, and a person is not an interested shareholder if the board of trustees approved in advance the transaction by which the person otherwise would have become an interested shareholder.

 

In approving a transaction, the Board may provide that its approval is subject to compliance, at or after the time of approval, with any terms and conditions determined by the Board.  Vornado’s Board has adopted a resolution exempting any business combination between Vornado and any trustee or officer of Vornado or its affiliates.  As a result, any trustee or officer of Vornado or its affiliates may be able to enter into business combinations with Vornado that may not be in the best interest of Vornado’s shareholders. With respect to business combinations with other persons, the business combination provisions of the MGCL may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control of Vornado or other transaction that might involve a premium price or otherwise be in the best interest of the shareholders. The business combination statute may discourage others from trying to acquire control of Vornado and increase the difficulty of consummating any offer.

 

We may change our policies without obtaining the approval of our shareholders.

Our operating and financial policies, including our policies with respect to acquisitions of real estate or other companies, growth, operations, indebtedness, capitalization and dividends, are exclusively determined by our Board of Trustees. Accordingly, our shareholders do not control these policies.

 

Our Ownership Structure and Related-Party Transactions May Give Rise to Conflicts of Interest.

Steven Roth and Interstate Properties may exercise substantial influence over us. They and some of our other trustees and officers have interests or positions in other entities that may compete with us.

As of December 31, 2012, Interstate Properties, a New Jersey general partnership, and its partners owned an aggregate of approximately 6.5% of the common shares of Vornado and 26.3% of the common stock of Alexander’s, which is described below.  Steven Roth, David Mandelbaum and Russell B. Wight, Jr. are the three partners of Interstate Properties. Mr. Roth is the Chairman of the Board of Vornado, the managing general partner of Interstate Properties and the Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Alexander’s. Messrs. Wight and Mandelbaum are trustees of Vornado and also directors of Alexander’s.

 

Because of these overlapping interests, Mr. Roth and Interstate Properties and its partners may have substantial influence over Vornado and on the outcome of any matters submitted to Vornado’s shareholders for approval. In addition, certain decisions concerning our operations or financial structure may present conflicts of interest among Messrs. Roth, Mandelbaum and Wight and Interstate Properties and our other equity or debt holders. In addition, Mr. Roth, Interstate Properties and its partners, and Alexander’s currently and may in the future engage in a wide variety of activities in the real estate business which may result in conflicts of interest with respect to matters affecting us, such as which of these entities or persons, if any, may take advantage of potential business opportunities, the business focus of these entities, the types of properties and geographic locations in which these entities make investments, potential competition between business activities conducted, or sought to be conducted, competition for properties and tenants, possible corporate transactions such as acquisitions and other strategic decisions affecting the future of these entities.

 

22

 


 

 

We currently manage and lease the real estate assets of Interstate Properties under a management agreement for which we receive an annual fee equal to 4% of base rent and percentage rent. The management agreement has a one-year term and is automatically renewable unless terminated by either of the parties on 60 days’ notice at the end of the term. Because of the relationship among Vornado, Interstate Properties and Messrs. Roth, Mandelbaum and Wight, as described above, the terms of the management agreement and any future agreements between us and Interstate Properties may not be comparable to those we could have negotiated with an unaffiliated third party.

 

There may be conflicts of interest between Alexander’s and us.

As of December 31, 2012, we owned 32.4% of the outstanding common stock of Alexander’s. Alexander’s is a REIT that has six properties, which are located in the greater New York metropolitan area.  In addition to the 2.1% that they indirectly own through Vornado, Interstate Properties, which is described above, and its partners owned 26.3% of the outstanding common stock of Alexander’s as of December 31, 2012. Mr. Roth is the Chairman of the Board of Vornado, the managing general partner of Interstate Properties, and the Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Alexander’s.  Messrs. Wight and Mandelbaum are trustees of Vornado and also directors of Alexander’s and general partners of Interstate Properties.  Michael D. Fascitelli is the President and Chief Executive Officer of Vornado and the President of Alexander’s and Dr. Richard West is a trustee of Vornado and a director of Alexander’s.  In addition, Joseph Macnow, our Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, holds the same position with Alexander’s.  Alexander’s common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “ALX.”

 

We manage, develop and lease Alexander’s properties under management and development agreements and leasing agreements under which we receive annual fees from Alexander’s. These agreements have a one-year term expiring in March of each year and are all automatically renewable. Because Vornado and Alexander’s share common senior management and because certain of the trustees of Vornado constitute a majority of the directors of Alexander’s, the terms of the foregoing agreements and any future agreements between us and Alexander’s may not be comparable to those we could have negotiated with an unaffiliated third party.

 

For a description of Interstate Properties’ ownership of Vornado and Alexander’s, see “Steven Roth and Interstate Properties may exercise substantial influence over us. They and some of our other trustees and officers have interests or positions in other entities that may compete with us” above.

 

 

23

 


 

 

The Number of Shares of Vornado Realty Trust and the Market for Those Shares Give Rise to Various Risks.

 

The trading price of our common shares has been volatile and may fluctuate. 

 

The trading price of our common shares has been volatile and may continue to fluctuate widely as a result of a number of factors, many of which are outside our control.  In addition, the stock market is subject to fluctuations in the share prices and trading volumes that affect the market prices of the shares of many companies.  These broad market fluctuations have in the past and may in the future adversely affect the market price of our common shares.  Among the factors that could affect the price of our common shares are:

 

·         our financial condition and performance;

·         the financial condition of our tenants, including the extent of tenant bankruptcies or defaults;

·         actual or anticipated quarterly fluctuations in our operating results and financial condition;

·         our dividend policy;

·         the reputation of REITs and real estate investments generally and the attractiveness of REIT equity securities in comparison to other equity securities, including securities issued by other real estate companies, and fixed income securities;

·         uncertainty and volatility in the equity and credit markets;

·         changes in revenue or earnings estimates or publication of research reports and recommendations by financial analysts or actions taken by rating agencies with respect to our securities or those of other REITs;

·         failure to meet analysts’ revenue or earnings estimates;

·         speculation in the press or investment community;

·         strategic actions by us or our competitors, such as acquisitions or restructurings;

·         the extent of institutional investor interest in us;

·         the extent of short-selling of our common shares and the shares of our competitors;

·         fluctuations in the stock price and operating results of our competitors;

·         general financial and economic market conditions and, in particular, developments related to market conditions for REITs and other real estate related companies;

·         domestic and international economic factors unrelated to our performance; and

·         all other risk factors addressed elsewhere in this Annual Report on the Form 10-K. 

 

A significant decline in our stock price could result in substantial losses for shareholders.

 

Vornado has many shares available for future sale, which could hurt the market price of its shares.

The interests of our current shareholders could be diluted if we issue additional equity securities. As of December 31, 2012, we had authorized but unissued, 63,265,289 common shares of beneficial interest, $.04 par value and 58,766,023 preferred shares of beneficial interest, no par value; of which 20,705,537 common shares are reserved for issuance upon redemption of Class A Operating Partnership units, convertible securities and employee stock options and 11,200,000 preferred shares are reserved for issuance upon redemption of preferred Operating Partnership units.  Any shares not reserved may be issued from time to time in public or private offerings or in connection with acquisitions.  In addition, common and preferred shares reserved may be sold upon issuance in the public market after registration under the Securities Act or under Rule 144 under the Securities Act or other available exemptions from registration.  We cannot predict the effect that future sales of our common and preferred shares or Operating Partnership Class A and preferred units will have on the market prices of our outstanding shares.

 

Increased interest rates may hurt the value of our common and preferred shares.

We believe that investors consider the distribution rate on REIT shares, expressed as a percentage of the price of the shares, relative to interest rates as an important factor in deciding whether to buy or sell the shares. If interest rates go up, prospective purchasers of REIT shares may expect a higher distribution rate. Higher interest rates would likely increase our borrowing costs and might decrease funds available for distribution. Thus, higher interest rates could cause the market price of our common and preferred shares to decline.

24

 


 
 

 

Item 1b.     unresolved staff comments

There are no unresolved comments from the staff of the Securities Exchange Commission as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2.        Properties

We operate in five business segments:  New York, Washington, DC, Retail Properties, Merchandise Mart and Toys “R” Us.  The following pages provide details of our real estate properties.

             

25

 


 
 

 

ITEM 2.                PROPERTIES - Continued

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

Square Feet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

 

 

 

Under Development

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

%

 

%

 

Annual Rent

 

Total

 

 

 

or Not Available

 

Encumbrances

 

 

Property

 

Ownership

 

Occupancy

 

PSF (1)

 

Property

 

In Service

 

for Lease

 

(in thousands)

 

Major Tenants

NEW YORK:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Penn Plaza:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

One Penn Plaza

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BMG Columbia House, Cisco, MWB Leasing,

 

(ground leased through 2098)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parsons Brinkerhoff, United Health Care,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United States Customs Department,

 

 

-Office

 

100.0 %

 

93.8 %

 

$

55.30 

 

2,233,000 

 

2,233,000 

 

 

 

 

 

URS Corporation Group Consulting

 

 

-Retail

 

100.0 %

 

99.6 %

 

 

120.38 

 

269,000 

 

269,000 

 

 

 

 

 

Bank of America, Footaction, Kmart Corporation

 

 

 

 

100.0 %

 

94.4 %

 

 

62.29 

 

2,502,000 

 

2,502,000 

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Two Penn Plaza

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LMW Associates, EMC, Forest Electric, IBI,

 

 

-Office

 

100.0 %

 

98.4 %

 

 

49.88 

 

1,560,000 

 

1,560,000 

 

 

 

 

 

Madison Square Garden, McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

 

 

-Retail

 

100.0 %

 

53.1 %

 

 

172.76 

 

50,000 

 

50,000 

 

 

 

 

 

Chase Manhattan Bank

 

 

 

 

100.0 %

 

97.0 %

 

 

53.70 

 

1,610,000 

 

1,610,000 

 

 

 

425,000 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eleven Penn Plaza

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Office

 

100.0 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

55.84 

 

1,082,000 

 

1,082,000 

 

 

 

 

 

Macy's, Madison Square Garden, Rainbow Media Holdings

 

 

-Retail

 

100.0 %

 

96.1 %

 

 

152.94 

 

17,000 

 

17,000 

 

 

 

 

 

PNC Bank National Association

 

 

 

 

100.0 %

 

99.9 %

 

 

57.35 

 

1,099,000 

 

1,099,000 

 

 

 

330,000 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100 West 33rd Street

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Office

 

100.0 %

 

88.4 %

 

 

49.90 

 

836,000 

 

836,000 

 

 

 

223,242 

 

Draftfcb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Manhattan Mall

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Retail

 

100.0 %

 

96.1 %

 

 

115.09 

 

256,000 

 

256,000 

 

 

 

101,758 

 

JCPenney, Aeropostale, Express, Victoria's Secret

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

330 West 34th Street

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(ground leased through 2148 - 34.8%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ownership interest in the land)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Office

 

100.0 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

33.11 

 

622,000 

 

377,000 

 

245,000 

 

 

 

 

City of New York

 

 

-Retail

 

100.0 %

 

 

 

 

13,000 

 

 

13,000 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100.0 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

33.11 

 

635,000 

 

377,000 

 

258,000 

 

 

50,150 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

435 Seventh Avenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Retail

 

100.0 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

240.18 

 

43,000 

 

43,000 

 

 

 

98,000 

 

Hennes & Mauritz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 West 34th Street

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Retail

 

100.0 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

203.75 

 

21,000 

 

21,000 

 

 

 

 

Express

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

484 Eighth Avenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Retail

 

100.0 %

 

80.6 %

 

 

69.09 

 

16,000 

 

16,000 

 

 

 

 

T.G.I. Friday's

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

431 Seventh Avenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Retail

 

100.0 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

54.33 

 

10,000 

 

10,000 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

488 Eighth Avenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Retail

 

100.0 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

63.93 

 

6,000 

 

6,000 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Penn Plaza

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,034,000 

 

6,776,000 

 

258,000 

 

 

1,228,150 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26

 


 
 

 

ITEM 2.                PROPERTIES - Continued

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

Square Feet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

 

 

 

Under Development

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

%

 

%

 

Annual Rent

 

Total

 

 

 

or Not Available

 

Encumbrances

 

 

Property

 

Ownership

 

Occupancy

 

PSF (1)

 

Property

 

In Service

 

for Lease

 

(in thousands)

 

Major Tenants

NEW YORK (Continued):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Midtown East:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

909 Third Avenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

J.P. Morgan Securities Inc., CMGRP Inc.,

 

(ground leased through 2063)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forest Laboratories, Geller & Company, Morrison Cohen LLP,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Robeco USA Inc., United States Post Office,

 

 

-Office

 

100.0 %

 

98.5 %

 

$

55.59 

(2)

1,343,000 

 

1,343,000 

 

 

$

199,198 

 

The Procter & Gamble Distributing LLC.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

150 East 58th Street

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Castle Harlan, Tournesol Realty LLC. (Peter Marino),

 

 

-Office

 

100.0 %

 

96.7 %

 

 

62.51 

 

535,000 

 

535,000 

 

 

 

 

 

Various showroom tenants

 

 

-Retail

 

100.0 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

168.76 

 

2,000 

 

2,000 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100.0 %

 

96.8 %

 

 

62.90 

 

537,000 

 

537,000 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

715 Lexington

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(ground leased through 2041)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Retail

 

100.0 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

221.85 

 

23,000 

 

23,000 

 

 

 

 

New York & Company, Zales

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

968 Third Avenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Retail

 

50.0 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

209.66 

 

6,000 

 

6,000 

 

 

 

 

Capital One Financial Corporation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Midtown East

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,909,000 

 

1,909,000 

 

 

 

199,198 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Midtown West:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

888 Seventh Avenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(ground leased through 2067)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New Line Realty, Soros Fund, TPG-Axon Capital,

 

 

-Office

 

100.0 %

 

96.3 %

 

 

81.58 

 

860,000 

 

860,000 

 

 

 

 

 

Vornado Executive Headquarters

 

 

-Retail

 

100.0 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

100.37 

 

15,000 

 

15,000 

 

 

 

 

 

Redeye Grill L.P.

 

 

 

 

100.0 %

 

96.4 %

 

 

81.90 

 

875,000 

 

875,000 

 

 

 

318,554 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1740 Broadway

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Office

 

100.0 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

64.01 

 

583,000 

 

583,000 

 

 

 

 

 

Davis & Gilbert, Limited Brands

 

 

-Retail

 

100.0 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

31.50 

 

19,000 

 

19,000 

 

 

 

 

 

Brasserie Cognac, Citibank

 

 

 

 

100.0 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

62.98 

 

602,000 

 

602,000 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

57th Street

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Office

 

50.0 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

55.78 

 

135,000 

 

135,000 

 

 

 

 

 

Various

 

 

-Retail

 

50.0 %

 

79.8 %

 

 

52.88 

 

53,000 

 

53,000 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

50.0 %

 

94.3 %

 

 

54.96 

 

188,000 

 

188,000 

 

 

 

20,434 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

825 Seventh Avenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Office

 

50.0 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

45.44 

 

165,000 

 

165,000 

 

 

 

 

 

Young & Rubicam

 

 

-Retail

 

100.0 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

234.47 

 

4,000 

 

4,000 

 

 

 

 

 

Lindy's

 

 

 

 

 

 

100.0 %

 

 

49.91 

 

169,000 

 

169,000 

 

 

 

19,554 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Midtown West

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,834,000 

 

1,834,000 

 

 

 

358,542 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Park Avenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

280 Park Avenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cohen & Steers Inc., Credit Suisse (USA) Inc.,

 

 

-Office

 

49.5 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

86.59 

 

1,198,000 

 

668,000 

 

530,000 

 

 

 

 

General Electric Capital Corp., Investcorp International Inc.

 

 

-Retail

 

49.5 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

127.11 

 

18,000 

 

12,000 

 

6,000 

 

 

 

 

Scottrade Inc.

 

 

 

 

49.5 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

87.19 

 

1,216,000 

 

680,000 

 

536,000 

 

 

738,228 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

350 Park Avenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kissinger Associates Inc., Ziff Brothers Investment Inc.,

 

 

-Office

 

100.0 %

 

96.0 %

 

 

83.59 

 

550,000 

 

550,000 

 

 

 

 

 

MFA Financial Inc., M&T Bank

 

 

-Retail

 

100.0 %

 

100.0 %

 

 

183.90 

 

17,000 

 

17,000 

 

 

 

 

 

Fidelity Investment, AT&T Wireless, Valley National Bank

 

 

 

 

100.0 %

 

96.1 %

 

 

86.59 

 

567,000 

 

567,000