10-K 1 w81971e10vk.htm 10-K e10vk
 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
Form 10-K
 
 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010
 
Commission File Number 0-26123
 
ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
 
     
Delaware   52-1623052
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
4795 Meadow Wood Lane
Chantilly, Virginia
(Address of principal executive offices)
  20151
(Zip code)
 
(703) 653-3100
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
None
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
 
Title of Each Class
Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined by Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes o     No þ
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.  Yes o     No þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer o Accelerated filer þ Non-accelerated filer o Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes o     No þ
 
The aggregate market value of the registrant’s voting and non-voting common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant (without admitting that any person whose shares are not included in such calculation is an affiliate) computed by reference to $4.15 as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter was $129 million.
 
As of March 4, 2011, the registrant had 32,020,212 shares of common stock outstanding.
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
 
The following documents (or parts thereof) are incorporated by reference into the following parts of this Form 10-K: Certain information required in Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K is incorporated from the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for the 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
 


 

 
ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
                 
        Page
 
PART I
  Item 1:     Business Overview     4  
  Item 1A:     Risk Factors     15  
  Item 2:     Properties     25  
  Item 3:     Legal Proceedings     26  
  Item 4:     (REMOVED AND RESERVED)     26  
 
PART II
  Item 5:     Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities     27  
  Item 6:     Selected Consolidated Financial Data     27  
  Item 7:     Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations     29  
  Item 7A:     Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk     44  
  Item 8:     Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data     45  
        Index to Consolidated Financial Statements     45  
  Item 9:     Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure     78  
  Item 9A:     Controls and Procedures     78  
  Item 9B:     Other Information     79  
 
PART III
  Item 10:     Directors and Executive Officers of the Company     80  
  Item 11:     Executive Compensation     80  
  Item 12:     Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholders Matters     80  
  Item 13:     Certain Relationships and Related Transactions     80  
  Item 14:     Principal Accountant Fees and Services     80  
 
PART IV
  Item 15:     Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules     81  
Signatures     83  


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SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
In addition to historical information, this Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. These statements relate to future events or our future financial performance. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “estimate,” “potential,” “continue,” the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. These statements are only predictions. Actual events or results may differ materially from any forward-looking statement. In evaluating these statements, you should specifically consider various factors, including the risks outlined under “Risk Factors” in Item 1A. of Part I of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Moreover, neither we nor any other person assumes responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of the forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements for any reason after the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.


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PART I
 
Item 1.   Business Overview
 
Business Overview
 
Online Resources provides outsourced, web- and phone-based financial technology services to financial institution, biller, card issuer and creditor clients to fulfill payment, banking and other financial services to their millions of consumer end-users. Our products and services enable our clients to provide their consumer end-users with the ability to perform various self-service functions including electronic bill payments and funds transfers, which utilize our unique, real-time debit architecture, ACH and other payment methods, as well as gain online access to their accounts, transaction histories and other information. We deliver our products and services to two primary vertical markets: Banking Services and e-Commerce Services.
 
  •  Banking Services:  For banks, credit unions and other depository financial institutions, we provide electronic bill payment and online banking services. Our electronic bill payment services provide clients a cost effective solution to process transactions for their consumer end-users. Our online banking products include an integrated suite of web-based account presentation and payment services, as well as supporting call center, consumer marketing and professional services. These solutions give clients an enhanced experience for their users, the marketing processes to drive Internet channel adoption, and innovative products and services that help them maintain their competitive position.
 
The bill payment services we offer to our Banking clients use our proprietary payments gateway, which leverages real-time electronic funds transfer, also known as EFT, infrastructure and technology. By debiting end-users’ accounts in real-time, we are able to improve the speed, cost and certainty of payments, while eliminating the risk that bills will be paid against insufficient funds.
 
  •  e-Commerce Services: For billers, card issuers and credit providers, we provide web- and phone-based payment, account presentation and web-collections services, along with supporting professional services. Our services include a full suite of payment options that can be made available to consumers, including acceptance of payments made by credit card, signature debit card, ACH and PIN-less debit through multiple channels including online, interactive voice response, or IVR, and call center customer service representatives. These options also include flexible payment scheduling, convenience payments, bill presentment and other advanced payment and collection services.
 
We currently derive approximately 80% of our revenues from payments and 20% from internet banking, account presentation and other services. These other services include customer care and consumer marketing services to support consumers and assist our clients in delivering a favorable user experience. It also includes professional services, including internet banking software solutions that enable various customization and deployment options.
 
We believe our domain expertise fulfills a significant need among both smaller financial services providers, who lack the internal resources to build and operate web-based financial services, and larger providers and billers, who outsource niche solutions in order to use their internal resources elsewhere. We also believe that, because our business requires significant infrastructure along with a high degree of flexibility, real-time solutions, and the ability to integrate financial information and highly reliable transaction processing, we provide valuable service offerings in defensible market segments.
 
We are headquartered in Chantilly, Virginia. We also maintain operations facilities in Princeton, New Jersey, Parsippany, New Jersey, Woodland Hills, California, Columbus, Ohio and Pleasanton, California and an additional data center facility in Newark, New Jersey. We were incorporated in Delaware in 1989.
 
Our Industry
 
The Internet represents an important channel for payments and account presentation services to consumers and businesses, driven in part by the 24 hours a day, seven days a week access to financial services that it makes available. By offering web- and phone-based services, financial services providers and billers become


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more competitive within their markets; retaining existing end-users, attracting new ones and expanding end-user relationships.
 
Consumer demand for the services we enable for our financial institution and biller clients continues to grow. Forrester Research, a technology research and advisory firm, predicts that 65.9 million households will pay bills online in 2014, up from 48.3 million at the end of 2009, according to its October 2009 report, US Online Bill Payment Forecast: 2009 To 2014. Also, as referenced in its July, 2009 report, US Online Banking Forecast: 2009 to 2014, Forrester Research supported this growth proposition for the bank and credit union market when it estimated that the number of U.S. households banking online will grow from 53.8 million in 2009 to 66.1 million in 2014.
 
The largest U.S. financial services providers typically develop and maintain their own hosted solution for the delivery of web-based financial services and outsource only niche services. By contrast, the majority of small to mid-sized providers, including the approximately 16,000 banks and credit unions in the U.S. with assets of less than $20 billion, outsource their web-based financial services to a technology services provider. These smaller providers need to provide an increasing level of web-based services, but frequently lack the capital, expertise, or information technology resources to develop and maintain these services in-house.
 
Many of the factors driving the outsourcing of web-based financial services in the depository financial institution market are also driving the outsourcing of similar services in the credit card issuer and processor market. For example, credit card issuers are reducing operating costs while increasing cardholder loyalty as a greater number of cardholders use the web to manage their credit card accounts. Forrester Research, a technology research and advisory firm, reported in its July 2009 How US Credit Card Customers Use and Rate Issuers’ Secure Sites that 73% of US online adults who own a credit card now manage one or more of their credit card accounts online.
 
In the biller market, use of the online channel is being driven primarily by the high cost of processing paper bills and checks. According to the 2010 Federal Reserve Payments Study, an estimated 8.6 billion checks were written by U.S. consumers to pay bills in 2009, down from an estimated 10.7 billion in 2006. According to the US Postal Service, 41% of consumer bill payments were paid electronically in 2009 compared to 23% in 2004. We believe increased consumer access to the Internet, and the continued cost to both the biller and the consumer of processing paper bills and checks, will continue to drive billers toward use of the web channel to provide and manage their payments.
 
Our Strategy
 
Our objective is to become a leading supplier of electronic payments and related services to financial institutions, billers, card issuers and credit providers by developing advanced technology solutions, leveraging our proprietary payments gateway and delivering high quality supporting business process services.
 
During the second half of 2010, we undertook a comprehensive strategic assessment of our business and what would be required to achieve our objective. We first looked at the needs of the markets we serve and identified which of those needs are best served by the capabilities we have or can develop. We then identified strengths and weaknesses within our business and used those to develop areas of focus for improving product offerings, increasing client satisfaction and creating operating efficiencies in our business. These areas of focus include:
 
  •  enhancing our products and processes with self-service tools to enable greater client control of their applications, enhance ease of use for end-users, improve our response times and increase operating efficiencies;
 
  •  rationalizing and consolidating our operating platforms to enhance service reliability and reduce operating costs;
 
  •  creating improved organizations and processes to more effectively manage key functions such as product and technology development and deployment;


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  •  rebalancing our resources to add the skill sets needed to drive innovation while optimizing our resource costs; and
 
  •  improving the awareness of Online Resources and our capabilities as a payments specialist in the marketplace.
 
By focusing in these areas, we believe we can achieve the outcomes necessary to restart growth in our business and solidify our market position as a premier payments provider. These outcomes include:
 
Growing Our Client Bases.  Our banking clients are primarily regional and community-based depository financial institutions with assets of under $10 billion, though we also have relationships with larger depository financial institutions who value our ability to deliver their end-users’ payments within our biller network. We have one of the industry’s largest networks of billers who use us to provide payments and manage their complex payments mix. We also operate in the credit card market, servicing mid-sized credit card issuers, processors for smaller issuers and large issuers who use us to service one or more of their niche portfolios.
 
We have generally been growing our client bases except in banking bill payment only services, where commodity products and market consolidation have made it more difficult for us to compete, and among eCommerce Accounts Receivable Management, or ARM, clients, where we have been seeing attrition as we expand the compliance requirements we impose. While we expect the attrition in our ARM clients to be temporary, we expect that the loss of banking bill payment only clients will continue for several years, though at a declining rate. While we are aggressively working to retain as much of this banking client base as possible through early renewals, price reductions and migrations to higher value added products, our goal is to expand new client sales of our other banking products to offset these losses. We believe that our identified focuses on increasing client control through self-service tools, rebalancing our resources to drive innovation and improving awareness of our capabilities in the marketplace will help us to successfully accomplish this.
 
Increasing Usage of Our Services.  Following market trends, we continue to see increases in the number of consumers and businesses using web- and phone-based applications to initiate electronic payments within our existing client base. We benefit from these additional users and the resulting transaction volume increases as our clients typically pay us either usage or license fees based on their number of end-users or volume of transactions. We believe that changes we intend to make to our products that improve ease of use for end-users will help to increase use of our services. Additionally, we will continue to use our consumer marketing programs to assist our clients in growing the adoption and usage rates for our services.
 
Providing Additional Products and Services to Our Installed Client Base.  We are focused on making new products and services available to our clients through internal development, partnerships and alliances. In the past, we have introduced innovative products and services to the marketplace, such as our web-based collections support product that allows credit card issuers to direct past due end-users to a website where they can set up payment plans and schedule payments. We believe that by rebalancing our resources to add the skill sets necessary to profitably drive innovation, we can deliver the emerging products and services demanded by our markets.
 
Leveraging our Unique Payments Infrastructure.  We have developed and currently obtain real-time funds for banking payments through a proprietary EFT gateway with over 50 certified links to ATM networks and core processors. We have linked this EFT gateway to the large networks of billers that are a part of our eCommerce business. The result is one of the industry’s largest payments networks linking financial institutions and billers. We obtain significant cost benefits from this network as over 60% of our bank electronic transactions are now processed within our network at little or no incremental cost.
 
Our Services
 
We provide our bank, credit union, biller and creditor clients with payments, account presentation and other services that they offer to end-users branded under their own names. As an outsourcer, we also deliver to our clients the benefit of economies of scale they may not be able to achieve alone and specific technical expertise in managing the internet delivery of financial services and capabilities. We believe our services provide our clients with a cost-effective means to retain and expand their end-user base, deliver and manage


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their services more efficiently and strengthen their end-user relationships, while competing successfully against offerings from other financial services providers and businesses.
 
Our primary service offerings are:
 
(CHART)
 
Bill Payment and Transaction Processing Services.  For our financial institution clients, our web-based bill payment services may be bundled with our account presentation services or purchased as a stand-alone service integrated with a third-party account presentation solution. Our payments services for these clients are unique in the industry because they leverage the banking industry’s ATM infrastructure and technology through our real-time EFT gateway, which consists of over 50 certified links to ATM networks and core processors. Through this proprietary technology, our clients take advantage of proven systems, security, clearing, settlement, regulations and procedures. End-users of our web-based payment service benefit from a secure, reliable, direct link to their accounts. This enables them to schedule transactions using our web user interface, including same-day, expedited payments. They can also obtain complete application and payment inquiry support through our customer care center. Additionally, clients offering our web-based payment services can enable their end-users to register for our personal financial management service, Money HQ sm, and other services that we can offer through our web interfaces.
 
Our remittance service provides an add-on payment service for financial institutions of all sizes that run their own in-house online banking system, or for other providers of web-based banking solutions that lack a bill payment infrastructure. This service enhances client systems by adding the extra functionality of bill payment processing, backed by complete funds settlement, payment research, inquiry resolution, and merchant services. End-users provide bill payment instructions through their existing online banking interface. That information is transmitted to us and we process and remit the bill payments to the designated merchants or other payees and settle the transactions with our financial institution clients.
 
For our biller clients, we provide a full suite of payment options that can be made available to consumers, including acceptance of payments made by credit card, signature debit card, ACH and PIN-less debit through multiple channels including online, interactive voice response, or IVR, and call center customer service representatives. These options also include flexible payment scheduling, convenience payments, bill presentment and other advanced payment and collection. We also provide our web-based collections support product that allows our biller clients to direct past due end-users to a specialized website where they can review account balances, set up payment plans and make payments.
 
For our credit card clients, we offer the ability to schedule either one-time or recurring payments to the provider through our account presentation software. We do not process these payments as our clients have this capability themselves but we have the ability to do so if requested. These clients may also use our web-based collections support product.


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Online Banking and Account Presentation Services.  We currently offer account presentation services to financial institutions and card issuers. These services provide a comprehensive set of online capabilities that allow end-users to:
 
  •  view transaction histories and account balances;
 
  •  review and retrieve current and past statements;
 
  •  transfer funds and balances;
 
  •  initiate or schedule either one-time or recurring payments;
 
  •  access and maintain account information; and
 
  •  perform many self-service administrative functions.
 
In addition, we offer our financial institution clients a number of complementary services. We can provide these clients business banking services for their small business end-users. Our Money HQ sm service allows consumer end-users to obtain account information from multiple financial institutions, view bills, transfer money between accounts at multiple financial institutions, make person-to-person payments and receive alerts without leaving their financial institution’s web site. We also offer mobile access, check images, check reorder, Quicken® interface, statement presentment and other functionality that enhances our solution. End-user privacy is also protected by our multi-factor security solutions.
 
Customer Care and Consumer Marketing Services.  These services consist of the customer care services we maintain for our financial institution and biller clients, and the marketing programs we run on their behalf. Our customer care centers, located in Chantilly, Virginia and Columbus, Ohio, respond to end-users’ questions relating to enrollment, transactions or technical support. End-users can contact our consumer service representatives by phone, fax or e-mail 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
 
We view each interaction with an end-user or potential end-user as an opportunity to sell additional products that we offer. Through our marketing service offerings, our financial institution and biller clients can create a sales channel for, and increase adoption of, the web-based services we provide. We combine data, technology and multiple consumer contacts to acquire, retain, and sell multiple services to the end users of our financial institution and biller clients. We also guide consumers through the online banking and payments lifecycle, which ultimately results in more profits for our clients. The success of our process is evident in our rate of selling payments services to account presentation customers at a higher rate than the industry average. We believe this service is unique and differentiates us in the industry.
 
Professional Services.  Our professional services include highly customized software applications, such as internet banking and lending applications for our financial institution clients, which enable them to acquire more consumers via the web channel and to enhance customer relationships. Our professional services also include implementation services, which convert existing data and integrate our platforms with the client’s legacy host system or third party core processor, and ongoing maintenance of client specific applications or interfaces. Additionally, we offer professional services intended to tailor our services to meet the clients’ specific needs, including customization of applications, training of client personnel, and information reporting and analysis.
 
Third-Party Services.  Though the majority of our technology is proprietary, included as part of our web-based financial services platforms are a limited number of service capabilities and content that are provided or controlled outside of our platform by third parties. These include:
 
  •  fully integrated bill payment and account retrieval through Intuit’s Quicken (R) ;
 
  •  account opening provided by Andera;
 
  •  check ordering available through Harland, Deluxe, Clarke American or Liberty;
 
  •  inter-institution funds transfer and account aggregation provided by CashEdge;


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  •  check imaging provided by AFS and its service bureaus, Bisys, Fiserv, FSI/ Vsoft, Empire Corporate, Intercept, Fidelity, Corporate One, Eascorp, MICR Resource Management (MRM), Synergy, Transdata and Mid-Atlantic; and
 
  •  electronic statement through BIT Statement, COWWW, BDI e-statement, Datamail, Digital Mailer, InfoImage, Reed Data, XDI and Bankware.
 
Our bank and credit union clients select one of two primary service configurations: full service, consisting of our integrated suite of account presentation, bill payment, customer care, end-user marketing and other support services; or stand-alone bill payment services. Our biller and credit provider clients use our payment transaction processing services, as well as a host of other services, including web-based collections. Our card issuer and creditor clients use our account presentation services and/or collections payments services
 
Our clients typically enter into long-term, recurring revenue contracts for our services. Most of our services generate revenues from recurring monthly fees charged to the clients. These fees are typically fixed amounts for applications access or hosting, variable amounts based on the number of end-users or volume of transactions on our system, or a combination of both. Clients also separately engage our professional services capabilities for enhancement and maintenance of their applications.
 
In the banking market, our clients generally derive increased revenue, cost savings, account retention, increased payment speed and other benefits by offering our services to their end-users. Therefore, most of our clients offer our services free of charge to their end-users. Billers offer many of our payment services to their end-users for free in order to increase speed of payments and facilitate collections, though they will often charge convenience fees to their end-users for certain payment services. In the credit card market, account presentation and payment services are also typically offered to end-users free of charge, though usage based convenience fees may apply to certain payments services.
 
Our Operations and Infrastructure
 
We connect to our clients, their core processors, their end-users and other financial services providers through our integrated communications, systems, processing and support capabilities. For our banking payment services we use our proprietary process to ensure real-time funds availability and process payments through a real-time EFT gateway. This gateway consists of over 50 certified links to ATM networks and core processors, which in turn have real-time links to a majority of the nation’s consumer checking accounts. In addition, we incorporate ACH and other payment methods in our services.
 
We have linked our real-time EFT gateway to the large networks of billers that exist within our eCommerce business. The result is one of the industry’s largest payments network linking financial institutions and billers. As billers move toward enabling real-time credits and we further integrate vertically, this network will enable faster payment delivery and posting for end-users, convenience fee revenue for banks and billers, and lower processing costs for us. Today, over 60% of bank electronic transactions are processed with our network at little or no incremental cost.


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The following chart depicts our network:
 
(CHART)
 
We believe our payments infrastructure is difficult to replicate and creates a significant barrier to entry for potential payment services competitors. These key links were established throughout our history and enable us to access end-user accounts to draw funds and pay bills as requested. This gateway infrastructure has improved the cost, speed and quality of our bill payment services for the banking and credit union community and we believe differentiates us from others in the marketplace.
 
For our account presentation services, we employ both real-time and batch communications and processing to ensure reliable delivery of current financial information to end-users.
 
We typically interface to our clients and, in the case of banks and credit unions, their core processors, through the use of high-speed telecommunication circuits to facilitate both real time access and batch download of account and transaction detail. This approach allows us to deliver responsive, high performing, scalable, and reliable services ensuring capture and transmission of the most current information and providing enhanced functionality through real-time use of our communications gateways.
 
For the processing of payments initiated though many of our bank and credit union clients, we operate a unique, real-time EFT gateway, with over 50 certified links to ATM networks and core processors. This gateway allows us to use online debits to retrieve funds in real-time, perform settlement authentication and obtain limited supplemental financial information. By using an online payment network to link into a client’s primary database for end-user accounts, we take advantage of established EFT gateway infrastructure. This includes all telecommunications and software links, security, settlements and other critical operating rules and processes. Our payments gateway has allowed us to reduce the cost, while improving the speed and quality of the bill payment services we provide to these bank and credit union clients.
 
Where the payment services we provide do not include accessing the end-users’ accounts to retrieve funds, we use the Automated Clearing House, or ACH, network to obtain funds for payment. We initiate an ACH debit either directly against the account of the end user or against the account of a financial institution that has consolidated the funds for all payments requested by its end user customers. For our biller clients, we also process credit card transactions as source of funds for payments.
 
We use the Mastercard RPPS network, the ACH network and other delivery channels to credit funds to our biller clients and other merchants and payment recipients. We maintain comprehensive, proprietary biller and merchant warehouses for validation of remittance information, ensuring industry-leading accuracy in delivering payments. Our diverse biller and merchant base allows us to achieve extremely high levels of electronic payments, enhanced by tight technical integration with our biller clients.


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Our Technology
 
Our systems and technology utilize both real-time and batch communications capabilities to create reliability, scalability, functionality and cost efficiency. All of our systems are largely based on a multi-tiered architecture consisting of:
 
  •  front-end servers — proprietary and commercial communications software and hardware providing Internet and private communications access to our platform for end-users;
 
  •  middleware — proprietary and commercial software and hardware used to integrate end-user and financial data and to process financial transactions;
 
  •  support systems — proprietary and commercial systems supporting our end-user service and other support services;
 
  •  enabling technology — software enabling clients and their end-users to easily access our platform; and
 
  •  interoperable Service Oriented Architecture, or SOA — software design permitting consistent, tight integration of product functionality across various product lines.
 
Our systems architecture is designed to provide end-user access for banking and bill payment, primarily in application service provider, or ASP, mode. We provide a fully managed service hosted in our technology centers, utilizing single instances of our applications software to provide cost effective and fully outsourced operations to multiple clients. We also offer single instance software for certain of our applications that can be hosted in our technology centers or installed in a client’s facilities, allowing increased customization and operational control.
 
As a part of the strategic assessment of our business we conducted in the second half of 2010, we have identified areas where we can improve the reliability, efficiency and usability of our systems and technology through technology upgrades, systems consolidation, alternative data center and equipment strategies and rebalancing of technology-related resources. Among the initiatives that we plan to execute are:
 
  •  consolidate multiple architectures into a single system;
 
  •  leverage open source components and commodity equipment;
 
  •  expose self-service configuration capabilities to clients, eliminating costly but low value tasks; and
 
  •  leverage off-shore resources to gain additional skill sets, drive down headcount costs and better enable 24 hour productivity and production.
 
We have established the processes, procedures, controls and staff necessary to provide our clients secure, reliable services. Our services and related products are designed to provide security and system integrity, based on Internet and other communications standards, EFT network transaction processing procedures, and banking industry standards for control and data processing. Prevailing security standards for Internet-based transactions are incorporated into our Internet services, including but not limited to, Secure Socket Layer 128K encryption, using public-private key algorithms developed by RSA Security, along with firewall technology for secure transactions. In the case of payment and transaction processing, we meet security transaction processing and other operating standards for each EFT network or core processor through which we route transactions. Furthermore, management receives feedback on the sufficiency of security and controls built into our information technology, payment processing, and end-user support processes from independent reviews such as semi-annual network penetration tests, an annual Statement on Auditing Standards (SAS) 70 — Type II Examination, periodic FFIEC examinations, and internal audits.
 
Our Sales and Marketing
 
We seek to retain and expand our financial services provider and biller client base, and to help our clients drive end-user adoption rates for our web-based services. Our client services function consists of client business executives who support and cross-sell our services to existing clients, a sales team focusing on new prospects, and a marketing department supporting both our sales efforts and those of our clients.


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Our client business executives support our existing clients in maximizing the benefit of their web-based channel. They do this by assisting clients in the deployment and use of our services, applying our extensive relationship management capabilities and supporting the clients’ own marketing programs. The client business executive team is also the first contact point for cross-selling new and enhanced services to our clients. Additionally, this team handles contract renewals and supports our clients in resolving operating issues.
 
Our sales team focuses on new client acquisition, either through direct contact with prospects or through our network of reseller relationships. Our target prospects are financial services providers and billers who are either looking to replace their current web services provider, have no existing capability, or are looking for outsourced capability for a niche product line.
 
Our marketing department concentrates on two primary audiences: financial services providers and their end-users. Our corporate marketing team supports our sales efforts through marketing campaigns targeted at financial services provider and biller prospects. It also supports client business executives through marketing campaigns and events targeted at existing financial services provider and biller clients. Our consumer marketing team focuses on attracting and retaining end-users. It uses our proprietary integrated consumer management process, which combines consumer marketing expertise, cutting-edge technology using embedded software, and our multiple consumer contact points.
 
Proprietary Rights
 
On February 9, 1999, we were awarded U.S. Patent number 5,870,724 for targeting advertising in a home banking delivery service. This patent provides for the targeting of advertising or messaging to home banking users, using their confidential bill payment and other financial information, while preserving consumer privacy.
 
On January 26, 2010 we received a notice of allowance from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) indicating that the USPTO would grant us a patent for application number 10/849,369, submitted on May 20, 2004. This application patent was a continuation of U.S. Patent number 5,220,501, which was granted in June 1993 and expired in December 2009, covering our real-time EFT network-based payments process allowing consumers using home terminals to purchase goods or services, pay bills and/or do home banking (the ’501 Patent). Although the term of this continuation application would normally have expired with expiration of the ’501 Patent in December 2009, the USPTO granted a patent term adjustment of approximately 3 years to account for delays in the review of the application. As a result, the patent for application 10/849,369 will not expire until December 2012.
 
Subsequently, on April 6, 2010 we were awarded U.S. Patent number 7,693,790. As indicated above, this patent, “Method and System for Remote Delivery of Retail Banking Services” (the ’790 Patent), is a continuation application of the’501 Patent. The ’790 Patent covers BSP bill payment transactions including payments using credit cards, debit cards and PINless debit via live agent, IVR and web-based payment systems.
 
Two continuing applications of the 501 patent, U.S. Patent numbers 6,202,054 and 7,076,458, which expanded the claims of the 501 patent to address a broader scope of Internet banking applications that use ATM network-compatible messaging, also expired. As a result of the expiration of these patents, we no longer have the ability to prevent current or potential competitors from mimicking our methods for using the ATM networks to make real-time debits and credits, increasing the speed of their Internet bill payment services and reducing a competitive advantage. The strict requirements of certifying to the ATM networks, time required to do so and know how needed to execute these non-standard transactions effectively, would still provide significant barriers to competitors trying to duplicate our network connections and methodologies.
 
In addition to our patents, we have registered trademarks. A significant portion of our systems, software and processes are proprietary. Accordingly, as a matter of policy, all management and technical employees execute non-disclosure agreements as a condition of employment.


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Competition
 
We are not aware of any other company that provides highly integrated, comprehensive online financial services technology that is both scaled and flexible, and focused solely on the online channel. While a number of companies can offer the services provided by us and compete directly with us to provide such services, in many cases they have recently acquired such services and therefore cannot match our level of integration expertise and experience. In addition, in many cases these companies are focused on different services, with online financial technology being a secondary or tertiary offering. We may both compete with, and provide services for, other companies that also serve our targeted client bases. For example, we compete with S1 and Fiserv in aspects of our business, but they are also our channel partners for the distribution of certain of our bill payment services.
 
In the banking market, we compete with specialized providers of web-based software and services and diversified financial technology providers, such as banking core processors, who bundle web capabilities with their other offerings. Specialized web-based providers include Intuit, S1 , FundsXpress (a First Data company), Corillian (a Fiserv company), Jwaala and Q2 who sell banking account presentation capabilities and partner with others (including ourselves) for bill payment and other services. Specialized web-based bill payment providers include CheckFree (a Fiserv company), Fidelity Information Systems and iPay (a Jack Henry company). Specialized web-based bill presentment and personal financial management providers include firms such as Yodlee, who integrate their aggregation technology and direct links to billers with a third-party payment partner.
 
Other competition in the small and mid-sized banking market includes diversified financial technology providers, particularly banking core processors such as Fiserv, FIS, Jack Henry, John Harland and Open Solutions. These core processors typically have one or more account presentation platforms with varying levels of capability. Some core processors, including, Fiserv, Jack Henry, and FIS, also have captive bill payment capabilities. Other diversified financial technology providers, such as CashEdge and Intuit, compete with aspects of our business using their presentment and funds transfer products and services.
 
In the eCommerce market, we compete with web and telephone-based providers including biller and remittance service providers, credit card account presentation providers, and self-service collection software and services. Competition in the biller market includes JP Morgan Chase (through its Paymentech affiliate), First Data, CheckFree (a Fiserv company), FIS, Cleartran, DST Output and other diversified remittance and lockbox providers such as banks. We also compete with expedited payments providers, who provide billers and their customers with same day payments, sometimes charging the consumer a convenience fee. These competitors include Fiserv’s BillMatrix and Western Union’s Speedpay, as well as the captive expedited payment capabilities of our more diversified competitors. There are also several providers that compete with us in the bill presentment arena. These include Oracle’s eDocs, which does not have an outsourced payment processing capability and Kubra, whose solution combines bill printing and payment.
 
Other competition in the ecommerce market comes from providers of account presentation and payment to credit card issuers. These include specialized providers such as Corillian (a Fiserv company), and diversified credit card processors such as TSYS and First Data, who have captive web-based capabilities. We also compete with internal information technology groups of our large prospective clients, and with debit, bill payment and remittance providers for credit card payments. While the primary targeted market for our web-based collection service is card issuers, we also target other credit providers and collection agencies. Competition with our web-based collection service includes such firms Apollo and Debt Resolve, and the internal information technology groups of our large prospective clients.
 
Additionally, there are Internet financial services providers supporting brokerage firms, credit card issuers, insurance and other financial services companies. There are also Internet financial portals, such as Quicken.com and MSN, who offer bill payment and aggregate consumer financial information from multiple financial institutions. Suppliers to these remote financial services providers potentially compete with us.
 
Many of our current and potential competitors have longer operating histories, greater name recognition, larger installed end-user bases and significantly greater financial, technical and marketing resources. Further,


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some of our more specialized competitors, such as CheckFree (a Fiserv company), have been part of continued industry consolidation where diversified financial technology providers have begun to position themselves as end-to-end providers and may increasingly direct their marketing initiatives toward our targeted client base.
 
Government Regulation
 
We are not licensed by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the National Credit Union Administration or other federal or state agencies that regulate or supervise depository institutions or other providers of financial services. However, many of our current and prospective clients providing retail financial services, such as commercial banks, credit unions, brokerage firms, credit card issuers, consumer finance companies, other loan originators and insurers, operate in markets that are subject to extensive and complex federal and state regulations and oversight. Under the authority of the Bank Service Company Act, the Gramm Leach Bliley Act of 1999 and other federal laws that apply to retail financial service providers, federal depository institution regulators have taken the position that we are subject to examination resulting from the services we provide to the institutions they regulate. In order not to compromise our clients’ standing with the regulatory authorities, we have agreed to periodic examinations by these regulators, who have broad supervisory authority to remedy any shortcomings identified in any such examination.
 
Although we are not directly subject to regulation as a retail financial service provider, our services and related products may be subject to certain regulations and, in any event, must be designed to work within the extensive and evolving regulatory constraints in which our clients operate. These constraints include federal and state truth-in-lending disclosure rules, state usury laws, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, the Electronic Funds Transfer Act, the Fair Credit Reporting Act, the Bank Secrecy Act, the Community Reinvestment Act, the Financial Services Modernization Act, the Bank Service Company Act, the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, regulations promulgated by the United States Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), privacy and information security regulations, laws against unfair or deceptive practices, the USA Patriot Act of 2001 and other state and local laws and regulations. Given the wide range of services we provide and clients we serve, the application of such regulations to our services is often determined on a case-by-case basis.
 
In the future, federal, state or foreign agencies may attempt to regulate our activities. For example, Congress could enact legislation to regulate providers of electronic commerce services as retail financial services providers or under another regulatory framework. The Federal Reserve Board may adopt new rules and regulations for electronic funds transfers that could lead to increased operating costs and could also reduce the convenience and functionality of our services, possibly resulting in reduced market acceptance. Because of the growth in the electronic commerce market, Congress has held hearings on whether to regulate providers of services and transactions in the electronic commerce market, and federal or state authorities could enact laws, rules or regulations affecting our business operations. We also may be subject to federal, state and foreign money transmitter laws, encryption and security export laws and regulations and state and foreign sales and use tax laws. If enacted or deemed applicable to us, such laws, rules or regulations could be imposed on our activities or our business thereby rendering our business or operations more costly, burdensome, less efficient or impossible, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results.
 
Furthermore, some consumer groups have expressed concern regarding the privacy, security and interchange pricing of financial electronic commerce services. It is possible that one or more states or the federal government may adopt laws or regulations applicable to the delivery of financial electronic commerce services in order to address these or other privacy concerns, whether or not as part of a larger regulatory framework. We cannot predict the impact that any such regulations could have on our business.
 
We currently offer services over the Internet. It is possible that further laws and regulations may be enacted with respect to the Internet, covering issues such as user privacy, pricing, content, characteristics and quality of services and products rendering our business or operations more costly, burdensome, less efficient


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impossible, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results.
 
Employees
 
At December 31, 2010, we had 603 employees. None of our employees are represented by a collective bargaining arrangement. We believe our relationship with our employees is good.
 
Additional Available Information
 
For more information about us, visit our web site at www.orcc.com. Our electronic filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC (including our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to these reports) are available free of charge through our web site as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file with or furnish them to the SEC.
 
Item 1A.   Risk Factors
 
You should carefully consider the following risks before investing in our common stock. These are not the only risks that we may face. If any of the events referred to below occur, our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations could suffer. In that case, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and you may lose all or part of your investment.
 
Risks Related to Our Business
 
We cannot be sure that we will achieve profitability in future periods.
 
We have experienced some unprofitable quarters and cannot be certain that we can be profitable in all future periods. Unprofitable quarters may be due to the loss of one or more large clients or other factors. For example, we have had unprofitable quarters since our acquisition of Princeton due to increased cash and non-cash expenses associated with that acquisition and its financing. Although we believe we have achieved economies of scale in our operations, if growth in our revenues does not significantly outpace the increase in our operating and non-operating expenses, we may not be profitable in future periods. Recent economic, regulatory and market conditions have adversely impacted the financial services industry, particularly banks and credit unions.
 
Our clients are concentrated in a small number of industries, including the financial services industry, and changes within those industries could reduce demand for our products and services.
 
A large portion of our revenues are derived from financial service providers, primarily banks, credit unions and credit card issuers. Recently, financial services providers have been adversely affected by illiquidity, capital and regulatory constraints, credit tightening, industry consolidation, and other trends in the financial markets in which they operate. Unfavorable economic conditions adversely impacting those types of businesses could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Depository financial institutions have experienced, and may continue to experience, fluctuations in profitability which, in the current market environment, may be extreme. Additionally, the entrance of non-traditional competitors and the current environment of low interest rates have narrowed the profit margins of depository financial institutions, increasing challenges to improve their operating efficiencies. As a result, the business and profitability of some financial institutions has slowed, and may continue to slow, their capital and operating expenditures, including spending on web-based products and solutions, which can negatively impact sales of our online payments, account presentation, marketing and support services to new and existing clients. Decreases in, or reallocation of, capital and operating expenditures by our current and potential clients, unfavorable economic conditions and new or persisting competitive pressures could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.


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Our biller clients are concentrated in the health care, utilities, consumer lending and insurance industries. Unfavorable economic conditions adversely impacting one or more of these industries could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
The failure to retain existing end-users or changes in their continued use of our services will adversely affect our operating results.
 
There is no guarantee that the number of end-users using our services will continue to increase. Because our fee structure is designed to establish recurring revenues through monthly usage by end-users of our clients, our recurring revenues are dependent on the acceptance of our services by end-users and their continued use of account presentation, payments and other financial services we provide. Failing to retain the existing end-users and the change in spending patterns and budgetary resources of our clients and their end-users will adversely affect our operating results.
 
Any failure of our clients to effectively market our services could have a material adverse effect on our business.
 
To market our services to end-users, we require the consent, and often the assistance, of our clients. We generally charge our clients fees based on the number of their end-users who have enrolled with our clients for the services we provide or on the basis of the number of transactions those end-users generate. Therefore, end-user adoption of our services affects our revenue and is important to us. Because our clients offer our services under their name, we must depend on those clients to get their end-users to use our services. Although we offer extensive marketing programs to our clients, our clients may decide not to participate in our programs or our clients may not effectively market our services to their end-users. Any failure of our clients to allow us to effectively market our services could have a material adverse effect on our business.
 
Demand for low-cost or free online financial services and competition may place significant pressure on our pricing structure and revenues and may have an adverse effect on our financial condition.
 
Although we charge our client institutions for the services we provide, our clients offer many of the services they obtain from us, including account presentation and bill payments, to their end-users at low cost or for free. Clients and prospects may therefore reject our services in favor of those offered by other companies if those companies offer more competitive prices. Thus, market competition may place significant pressure on our pricing structure and revenues and may have an adverse effect on our financial condition.
 
If we are unable to expand or adapt our services to support our clients’ and their end-users’ needs, our business may be materially adversely affected.
 
We may not be able to expand or adapt our services and related products to meet the demands of our clients and their end-users quickly or at a reasonable cost. We have experienced, and expect to continue to experience, significant user and transaction growth. This growth has placed, and will continue to place, significant demands on our personnel, management and other resources. We need to continue to make investments in our infrastructure with the objective of assuring our systems are technologically current, robust and scalable as well as expand and adapt our infrastructure, services and related products to accommodate additional clients and their end-users, increased transaction volumes and changing end-user requirements. This will require substantial financial, operational and management resources. If we are unable to achieve this objective and expand and adapt our infrastructure and processes to support the variety and number of transactions and end-users that ultimately use our services, our business may be materially adversely affected.
 
If we lose a material client, our business may be adversely impacted.
 
Loss of any material client could negatively impact our ability to increase our revenues and maintain profitability in the future. Additionally, the departure of a large client could impact our ability to attract and retain other clients. Currently, no one client or reseller partner accounts for more than 4% of our revenues.


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Consolidation of the financial services industry could negatively impact our business.
 
The continuing consolidation of the financial services industry could result in a smaller market for our bank-related services. Consolidation frequently results in a change in the systems of, and services offered by, the combined entity. If any of our financial service provider clients is acquired, this could result in the termination of our services and related products if the acquirer has its own in-house system or outsources to our competitors. This would also result in the loss of revenues from actual or potential retail end-users of the acquired financial services provider.
 
Our failure to compete effectively in our markets would have a material adverse effect on our business.
 
We may not be able to compete with current and potential competitors, many of whom have longer operating histories, greater name recognition, larger, more established end-user bases and significantly greater financial, technical and marketing resources. Further, some of our competitors provide, or have the ability to provide, the same range of services we offer. They could market to our client and prospective client base. Some of our competitors, such as core banking processors, have broad distribution channels that bundle competing products directly to financial services providers. Also, competitors may compete directly with us by adopting a similar business model or through the acquisition of companies, such as resellers, who provide complementary products or services.
 
A significant number of companies offer portions of the services we provide and compete directly with us. For example, some companies compete with our web-based account presentation capabilities. Some software providers also offer some of the services we provide on an outsourced basis. These companies may use bill payers who integrate with their account presentation services. Also, certain services, such as Intuit’s Quicken.com and Yahoo! Finance, may be available to retail end-users independent of financial services providers.
 
Many of our competitors may be able to afford more extensive marketing campaigns and more aggressive pricing policies in order to attract financial services providers. Our failure to compete effectively in our markets would have a material adverse effect on our business.
 
Our quarterly financial results are subject to fluctuations, which could have a material adverse effect on the price of our stock.
 
Our quarterly revenues, expenses and operating results may vary from quarter to quarter in the future based upon a number of factors, many of which are not within our control. Although our revenue model is based largely on recurring revenues, the actual amount of revenue in any period is derived from actual end-user counts and the volume of transactions conducted by those end-users in that period. The number of our total end-users and the number of total transactions they conduct are affected by many factors, many of which are beyond our control, including the number of new user registrations, end-user turnover, loss of clients, and general consumer trends. Our results of operations for a particular period may be adversely affected if the revenues based on the number of end-users or transactions forecasted for that period are less than expected. Consequently, our operating results may fall below market analysts’ expectations in some future quarters, which could have a material adverse effect on the market price of our stock.
 
Goodwill recorded on our balance sheet may become impaired, which could have a material adverse effect on our operating results.
 
As a result of acquisitions we have undertaken, we have recorded a significant amount of goodwill. We evaluate at least annually the potential impairment of goodwill that was recorded at each acquisition date. Testing for impairment of goodwill involves the identification of reporting units and the estimation of fair values. The estimation of fair values involves a high degree of judgment and subjectivity in the assumptions used. Circumstances could change which would give rise to an impairment of the value of that recorded goodwill. Examples of these circumstances could be continued deterioration of market conditions or a reduction in our share price, a change in discount rates or a change in our expectations of future results. Any


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impairment would be charged as an expense to the statement of operations which could have a material adverse effect on our operating results.
 
Our limited ability to protect our proprietary technology and other rights may adversely affect our ability to compete.
 
We rely, and have relied, on a combination of patent, copyright, trademark and trade secret laws, as well as third-party nondisclosure agreements and other contractual provisions and technical measures to protect our intellectual property rights. There can be no assurance that these protections will be adequate to prevent our competitors from copying or reverse-engineering our products, or that our competitors will not independently develop technologies that are substantially equivalent or superior to our technology. To protect our trade secrets and other proprietary information, we require employees, consultants, advisors and collaborators to enter into confidentiality agreements. We cannot assure that these agreements will provide meaningful protection for our trade secrets, know-how or other proprietary information in the event of any unauthorized use, misappropriation or disclosure of such trade secrets, know-how or other proprietary information. Although we hold registered United States patents and trademarks covering certain aspects of our technology and our business, we cannot be sure of the level of protection that these patents and trademarks will provide. We may have to resort to litigation to enforce our intellectual property rights, to protect trade secrets or know-how, or to determine their scope, validity or enforceability. Enforcing or defending our proprietary technology is expensive, could cause diversion of our resources and may not prove successful.
 
Our failure to properly develop, market or sell new products could adversely affect our business.
 
The expansion of our business is dependent, in part, on our developing, marketing and selling new financial products to our clients and their customers. If any new products we develop prove defective or if we fail to properly market these products to our clients or sell these products to their customers, the growth we envision for our company may not be achieved and our revenues and profits may be adversely affected.
 
If we are found to infringe the proprietary rights of others, we could be required to redesign our products, pay royalties or enter into license agreements with third parties.
 
There can be no assurance that a third party will not assert that our technology violates its intellectual property rights. As the number of products offered by our competitors increases and the functionality of these products further overlap, the provision of web-based financial services technology may become increasingly subject to infringement claims.
 
Any claims, whether with or without merit, could:
 
  •  be expensive and time consuming to defend;
 
  •  cause us to cease making, licensing or using products that incorporate the challenged intellectual property;
 
  •  require us to redesign our products, if feasible;
 
  •  divert management’s attention and resources; and
 
  •  require us to pay royalties or enter into licensing agreements in order to obtain the right to use necessary technologies.
 
In addition to the direct impact of any such claims on our business, results of operations and financial condition, potential negative reactions to any such claims could adversely impact our revenue and our relations with customers, suppliers, investors and others.


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System failures could hurt our business and we could be liable for some types of failures the extent or amount of which cannot be predicted.
 
Like other system operators, our operations are dependent on our ability to protect our system from interruption caused by damage from fire, earthquake, power loss, telecommunications failure, unauthorized entry or other events beyond our control. We maintain our own and outsourced offsite disaster recovery facilities for our primary data centers. In the event of major disasters, both our primary and backup locations could be equally impacted. We do not currently have sufficient backup and disaster recovery facilities to provide full services if our primary facilities are not functioning. We could also experience potentially significant system interruptions due to the failure of our systems to function as intended or the failure of the systems we rely upon to deliver our services, such as: ATM networks, the Internet, the systems of financial institutions, processors that integrate with our systems and other networks and systems of third parties. Loss of all or part of our systems or the systems of third parties with which our systems interface for a period of time could have a material adverse effect on our business. We may be liable to our clients for breach of contract for interruptions in service. Due to the numerous variables surrounding system disruptions, we cannot predict the extent or amount of any potential liability.
 
Security breaches could have a material adverse effect on our business.
 
Like other system operators, our computer systems may be vulnerable to computer viruses, hackers, and other disruptive problems caused by unauthorized access to, or improper use of, our systems by third parties or employees. We store and transmit confidential financial information in providing our services. Although we intend to continue to implement state-of-the-art security measures, computer attacks or disruptions may jeopardize the security of information stored in and transmitted through our computer systems or those of our clients and their end-users. Actual or perceived concerns that our systems may be vulnerable to such attacks or disruptions may deter financial services providers and consumers from using our services.
 
Additionally, a majority of states have adopted, and the remaining states may be adopting, laws and regulations requiring that in-state account holders of a financial services provider be notified if their personal confidential information is compromised. If the specific account holders whose information has been compromised cannot be identified, all in-state account holders of the provider must be notified. If any such notice is required of us, confidence in our systems’ integrity would be undermined and both financial services providers and consumers may be reluctant to use our services.
 
Data networks are also vulnerable to attacks, unauthorized access and disruptions. For example, in a number of public networks, hackers have bypassed firewalls and misappropriated confidential information. It is possible that, despite existing safeguards, an employee or hacker could divert end-user funds while these funds are in our control, exposing us to a risk of loss or litigation and possible liability. In dealing with numerous end-users, it is possible that some level of fraud or error will occur, which may result in erroneous external payments. Losses or liabilities that we incur as a result of any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on our business.
 
The potential obsolescence of our technology or the offering of new, more efficient means of conducting account presentation and payments services could negatively impact our business.
 
The industry for web-based account presentation and payments services is subject to rapid change. Our success will depend substantially upon our ability to enhance our existing products and to develop and introduce, on a timely and cost-effective basis, new products and features that meet changing client and end-user requirements and incorporate technological advancements. If we are unable to develop new products and enhanced functionalities or technologies to adapt to these changes or, if we cannot offset a decline in revenues of existing products by sales of new products, our business would suffer.


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We rely on internally developed software and systems as well as third-party products, any of which may contain errors and bugs.
 
Our products may contain undetected errors, defects or bugs. Although we have not suffered significant harm from any errors or defects to date, we may discover significant errors or defects in the future that we may or may not be able to correct. Our products involve integration with products and systems developed by third parties. Complex software programs of third parties may contain undetected errors or bugs when they are first introduced or as new versions are released. While we maintain quality assurance and audit processes as part of our software development life cycle, there can be no assurance that we will identify and remedy all errors in our existing or future products or third-party products upon which our products are dependent, with the possible result of delays in or loss of market acceptance of our products, diversion of our resources, injury to our reputation and increased expenses and/or payment of damages.
 
The failure to attract or retain our officers and skilled employees could have a material adverse effect on our business.
 
If we fail to attract, assimilate or retain highly qualified managerial and technical personnel, our business could be materially adversely affected. Our performance is substantially dependent on the performance of our executive officers and key employees who must be knowledgeable and experienced in both financial services and technology. We are also dependent on our ability to retain and motivate high quality personnel, especially management and highly skilled technical teams. The loss of the services of any executive officers or key employees could have a material adverse effect on our business. Our future success also depends on the continuing ability to identify, hire, train and retain other highly qualified managerial and technical personnel. If our managerial and key personnel fail to effectively manage our business, our results of operations and reputation could be harmed.
 
In June, 2010, our board of directors appointed Joseph L. Cowan as President and Chief Executive Officer and as a member of the Board of Directors. The transition to Mr. Cowan’s leadership of the Company is leading to changes in corporate strategy and execution. These changes may negatively impact our ability to meet key corporate and financial objectives, which could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
 
Our recent changes of chief executive officer may be viewed negatively and have an adverse impact on our business.
 
In addition to the appointment of Joseph L. Cowan as President and Chief Executive Officer, John C. Dorman, who served as interim Chief Executive Officer prior to Mr. Cowan’s appointment, now serves as Chairman of the Board of Directors. Until investors, employees, customers, suppliers, and others grow more familiar with Mr. Cowan’s and Mr. Dorman’s leadership, they could react negatively to their appointments. Matthew P. Lawlor, who had served as Chief Executive Officer and Chairman for the preceding twenty years, retired as Chief Executive Officer on December 14, 2009 and resigned as a director and Chairman on January 20, 2010. Our relationship with Mr. Lawlor is currently adversarial and Mr. Lawlor is pursuing litigation against the Company related to the financial arrangements associated with his retirement. In addition, Mr. Lawlor owns a significant number of shares of our common stock and could pursue a proxy fight or otherwise attempt to influence the affairs of the company. The potential negative reactions related to the change in our Chief Executive Officer and Chairman positions and any litigation or proxy challenge initiated by Mr. Lawlor could adversely impact our revenue, capital needs, ability to retain employees, relations with customers, suppliers, investors, and others, and our business in general.
 
We could be sued for contract or product liability claims and lawsuits may disrupt our business, divert management’s attention or have an adverse effect on our financial results.
 
Our clients use our products and services to provide web-based account presentation, bill payment, and other financial services to their end-users. Failures in a client’s system could result in an increase in service and warranty costs or a claim for substantial damages against us. There can be no assurance that the


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limitations of liability set forth in our contracts would be enforceable or would otherwise protect us from liability for damages. We maintain general liability insurance coverage, including coverage for errors and omissions in excess of the applicable deductible amount. There can be no assurance that this coverage will continue to be available on acceptable terms or will be available in sufficient amounts to cover one or more large claims, or that the insurer will not deny coverage as to any future claim. The successful assertion of one or more large claims against us that exceeds available insurance coverage, or the occurrence of changes in our insurance policies, including premium increases or the imposition of large deductible or co-insurance requirements, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Furthermore, litigation, regardless of its outcome, could result in substantial cost to us and divert management’s attention from our operations. Any contract liability claim or litigation against us could, therefore, have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, because many of our projects are business-critical projects for financial services providers, a failure or inability to meet a client’s expectations could seriously damage our reputation and affect our ability to attract new business.
 
Failure to comply with financial network operating rules could reduce the value of our services to our clients and make those services more costly to provide.
 
Our services require interaction with several privately-operated financial networks. Each of these networks has its own evolving set of operating rules governing various aspects of the business we do with them, including transaction eligibility, data formatting, record keeping and processing and pricing methodology. For reasons of confidentiality, some of these networks also limit our access to their operating rules, making the task of compliance more difficult. Additionally, we can also be held accountable for compliance by our clients if they access these networks through us.
 
Our operating agreements with these networks give them the right to perform periodic examinations of our compliance with their operating rules. They have the sole authority to interpret these rules and can require us to stop or change anything we do that they consider non-compliant. Failure to comply with a network’s operating rules, or a disagreement with a network’s examiners regarding our compliance, could result in financial penalties, the inability to access the network or the loss of certain clients or lines of business using services relying on such network, each of which could adversely affect our revenue and profits. If we have to modify our services to maintain compliance, or if we cannot access a network, our services reliant on such network could become less valuable to our clients, we could be prohibited from providing such services or our operations could become more costly, each of which could adversely affect our revenues and profits.
 
Certain payment funding methods expose us to the credit and/or operating risk of our clients.
 
When we process an automated clearing house or automated teller machine network payment transaction for a client, we initiate a transaction to withdraw funds from the designated source account and deposit them into our off-balance sheet settlement account, which is a trust account maintained for the benefit of our clients. We then initiate a simultaneous transaction to transfer funds from our settlement account to the intended destination account. These “back to back” transactions are designed to settle at the same time, usually overnight, such that we receive the funds from the source at the same time as we send the funds to their destination. It is possible, however, that the source account may not have sufficient funds for the transaction, the institution controlling the account may commit an operational error causing insufficient funds to be sent or the account may be subject to legal or other constraints that prevent the withdrawal of the funds. The vast majority of these occurrences are resolved quickly though normal processes. However, if they are not resolved and we are then unable to reverse the transaction that sent funds to the intended destination, a shortfall in our settlement account will be created. We have legal and contractual recourse against our clients for the amount of the shortfall, but timing of recovery may be delayed by litigation or other legal processes. Additionally, the amount of recovery may be diminished if our clients’ creditworthiness is not then sufficient to cover the shortfall. If we are unable to recover the funds through any of these methods, we may have to fund the shortfall in our settlement account from our corporate funds.


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Government regulation could interfere with our business.
 
The financial services industry is subject to extensive and complex federal and state regulation. In addition, our clients are heavily concentrated in the financial services, utility and healthcare industries, and therefore operate under high levels of governmental supervision. Our clients must ensure that our services and related products work within the extensive and evolving regulatory requirements applicable to them.
 
We are not licensed by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the National Credit Union Administration or other federal or state agencies that regulate or supervise depository institutions or other providers of financial services. Under the authority of the Bank Service Company Act, the Gramm Leach Bliley Act of 1999 and other federal laws that apply to depository financial institutions, federal depository institution regulators have taken the position that we are subject to examination resulting from the services we provide to the institutions they regulate. In order not to compromise our clients’ standing with the regulatory authorities, we have agreed to periodic examinations by these regulators, who have broad supervisory authority to remedy any shortcomings identified in any such examination.
 
Federal, state or foreign authorities could also adopt laws, rules or regulations relating to the industries we serve that affect our business, such as requiring us or our clients to comply with additional data, record keeping and processing and other requirements. It is possible that laws and regulations may be enacted or modified with respect to the Internet, covering issues such as end-user privacy, pricing, content, characteristics, taxation and quality of services and products. If enacted or deemed applicable to us, these laws, rules or regulations could be imposed on our activities or our business, thereby rendering our business or operations more costly, burdensome, less efficient or impossible and requiring us to modify our current or future products or services.
 
If we cannot maintain a satisfactory rating from the federal depository institution regulators, we may lose existing clients and have difficulty attracting new clients.
 
The examination reports of the federal agencies that examine us are distributed and made available to our depository clients. A less than satisfactory rating from any regulatory agency increases the obligation of our clients to monitor our capabilities and performance as a part of their own compliance process. It could also cause our clients and prospective clients to lose confidence in our ability to adequately provide services, thereby possibly causing them to seek alternate providers, which would have a corresponding detrimental impact on our revenues and profits.
 
We could be affected by future laws or regulations enacted in response to climate change concerns and other actions.
 
Although we may not be directly affected by current cap and trade laws and current requirements to reduce emissions, we could be in the future. However, we could also be affected indirectly by increased prices for goods or services provided to us by companies that are directly affected by these laws and regulations and pass their increased costs through to their customers. Additionally, to comply with potential future changes in environmental laws and regulations, we may need to incur additional costs. At this time, we cannot estimate what impact such costs may have on our results of operations and financial position.
 
We are exposed to costs and risks associated with complying with corporate governance and disclosure standards.
 
We are spending an increased amount of management time and external resources to comply with changing laws, regulations and standards relating to corporate governance and public disclosure, including but not limited to, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, other SEC regulations and Nasdaq Global Select Market rules. In particular, Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 requires management’s annual review and evaluation of our internal control systems, and attestations of the effectiveness of these systems by our independent registered public accounting firm. We document and test our internal control systems and procedures and consider improvements that may be necessary in order for us to comply with the requirements


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of Section 404. This process requires us to hire outside advisory services and results in significant expenses for us. In addition, the evaluation and attestation processes required by Section 404 are conducted annually. In the event that our chief executive officer, chief financial officer or independent registered public accounting firm determines that our controls over financial reporting are not effective as defined under Section 404 in the future, investor perceptions of our Company may be adversely affected and could cause a decline in the market price of our stock.
 
Risks Related to Our Capital Structure
 
Our stock price is volatile.
 
The market price of our common stock has been subject to significant fluctuations and may continue to be volatile in response to:
 
  •  actual or anticipated variations in quarterly operating results;
 
  •  announcements of technological innovations;
 
  •  new products or services offered by us or our competitors;
 
  •  changes in financial estimates or ratings by securities analysts;
 
  •  conditions or trends in the Internet and online commerce industries;
 
  •  changes in the economic performance and/or market valuations of other Internet, online service industries;
 
  •  announcements by us of significant acquisitions, strategic partnerships, joint ventures or capital commitments;
 
  •  recent and potential proxy fights;
 
  •  additions or departures of key personnel;
 
  •  future equity or debt offerings or acquisitions or our announcements of these transactions; and
 
  •  other events or factors, many of which are beyond our control.
 
The stock market in general, and the Nasdaq Global Select Market specifically, have experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations and volatility that has particularly affected the market prices of many technology companies. Such fluctuations and volatility have often been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of such companies. In the past, following periods of volatility in the market price of a company’s securities, securities class action litigation has often been instituted against a company. Litigation, if instituted, whether or not successful, could result in substantial costs and a diversion of management’s attention and resources, which would have a material adverse effect on our business.
 
We have a substantial number of shares of common and convertible preferred stock outstanding, including shares issued in connection with certain acquisitions and shares that may be issued upon exercise of grants under our equity compensation plans that, if sold, could affect the trading price of our common stock.
 
We have issued shares of our common and convertible preferred stock in connection with certain acquisitions and may issue additional shares of our common stock in connection with future acquisitions. For example, we issued shares of convertible preferred stock to a single investor group as a part of the financing for our acquisition of Princeton which are currently convertible into 4.6 million shares of common stock. We also have over 3.6 million shares of common stock that may be issued upon the exercise of stock options and or vesting of restricted stock. We cannot predict the effect, if any, that future sales of shares of common stock or the availability of shares of common stock for future sale will have on the market price of our common stock. Sales of substantial amounts of common stock (including shares issued upon the exercise of equity


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compensation grants), or the perception that such sales could occur, may adversely affect prevailing market prices for our common stock.
 
We have a significant amount of debt and redeemable preferred stock which will have to be repaid and may adversely affect our financial performance.
 
In connection with our acquisition of Princeton in 2006, we incurred $85 million in debt and issued $75 million in redeemable preferred stock. Our debt balance at December 31, 2010 is approximately $36.8 million. The Company’s Series A-1 Preferred Stock is carried at its fair value at inception adjusted for accretion of unpaid dividends and interest accruing thereon, the 115% redemption price, the original fair value of the bifurcated embedded derivative, and the amortized portion of its original issuance costs, which approximates its redemption value. At December 31, 2010 its carrying value was $110.2 million. The principal and interest we pay on the debt and the amounts we accrete to the redeemable preferred stock reduce our earnings and our cash flows. The reduction of our earnings associated with this debt and redeemable preferred stock could have an adverse impact on the trading price of our shares of common stock.
 
Our plans to operate and grow may be limited if we are unable to obtain sufficient financing.
 
We may desire to expand our business through further strategic acquisitions and new markets when we identify desirable opportunities. We may need additional equity and debt financing for these purposes, but may not be able to obtain such financing on acceptable terms, or at all. Our existing debt financing limits our capacity to borrow additional funds and carries interest expense that burdens our cost structure. Additionally, the holders of our preferred stock must approve the issuance of any debt or equity financing except for equity issued in a public offering. Failure to obtain additional financing could weaken our operations or prevent us from achieving our business objectives. Equity financings, as well as debt financing with convertible features or accompanying warrants, can be dilutive to our stockholders. Negative covenants associated with debt financings may also restrict the manner in which we would otherwise desire to operate our business.
 
Holders of our outstanding preferred stock have liquidation and other rights that are senior to the rights of the holders of our common stock.
 
Our board of directors has the authority to designate and issue preferred stock that may have dividend, liquidation and other rights that are senior to those of our common stock. In connection with our acquisition of Princeton, our board designated 75,000 shares of our preferred stock as Series A-1 Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock (“Series A-1 Preferred Stock”) all of which have been issued at a price of $1,000 per share. Holders of our shares of Series A-1 Preferred Stock are entitled to a liquidation preference, before amounts are distributed on our shares of common stock, of 115% of the original issue price of these shares plus 8% per annum of the original issue price with an interest factor thereon tied to the iMoneyNet First Tier Institutional Average. This will reduce the remaining amount of our assets, if any, available to distribute to holders of our common stock. In addition, holders of our Series A-1 Preferred Stock have the right to elect one director to our board of directors.
 
Holders of our Series A-1 Preferred Stock have voting rights that may restrict our ability to take corporate actions.
 
We cannot issue any security or evidence of indebtedness, other than in connection with an underwritten public offering, without the consent of the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of Series A-1 Preferred Stock. We also cannot amend our certificate of incorporation nor have our board designate any future series of preferred stock if any such amendment or designation adversely impacts the Series A-1 Preferred Stock. Our inability to obtain these consents may have an adverse impact in our ability to issue securities in the future to advance our business.


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Holders of our Series A-1 Preferred Stock have a redemption right.
 
After the seventh anniversary of the original issue date of our shares of Series A-1 Preferred Stock, which will occur in July 2013, the holders of such shares have the right to require us to repurchase their shares, if then outstanding, at 115% of the original issue price of these shares and a cumulative dividend at 8% per annum of the original issuance price with an interest factor thereon based upon the iMoneyNet First Tier Institutional Average. Upon the election of this right of redemption, we may not have the necessary funds to redeem the shares and we may not have the ability to raise funds for this purpose on favorable terms or at all. Our obligation to redeem these shares could have an adverse impact on our financial condition and upon the operations of our business.
 
Future offerings of debt, which would be senior to our common stock upon liquidation, and/or preferred equity securities which may be senior to our common stock for purposes of dividend distributions or upon liquidation, may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.
 
In the future, we may attempt to increase our capital resources by making additional offerings of debt or preferred equity securities, including medium-term notes, trust preferred securities, senior or subordinated notes and preferred stock. Upon liquidation, including deemed liquidations resulting from an acquisition of our company, holders of our debt securities and shares of preferred stock and lenders with respect to other borrowings will receive distributions of our available assets prior to the holders of our common stock. Additional equity offerings may dilute the holdings of our existing stockholders or reduce the market price of our common stock, or both. Holders of our common stock are not entitled to preemptive rights or other protections against dilution. Our Series A-1 Preferred Stock has a preference on liquidating distributions that could limit our ability to pay a dividend or make another distribution to the holders of our common stock. Because our decision to issue securities in any future offering will depend on market conditions and other factors beyond our control, we cannot predict or estimate the amount, timing or nature of our future offerings. Thus, our stockholders bear the risk of our future offerings reducing the market price of our common stock and diluting their stock holdings.
 
If we are unable to comply with the covenants in our credit agreement, a default under the terms of that agreement could arise thereby potentially resulting in an acceleration of the repayment of borrowed funds.
 
Our credit agreement requires us to comply with certain covenants, including prescribed financial requirements. Our ability to meet these requirements may be affected by events beyond our control, including, without limitation, sales levels, contract terminations and market pricing pressures. No assurance can be provided that our financial performance will enable us to remain in compliance with these financial requirements. If we are unable to comply with the terms of our credit agreement, a default could arise under this agreement. In the event of a default, our lenders could terminate their commitment to lend or accelerate any loans and declare all amounts borrowed due and payable. In this event, there can be no assurance that we would be able to make the necessary payment to the lenders or that we would be able to find alternative financing on terms acceptable to us.
 
Item 2.   Properties
 
We are headquartered in Chantilly, Virginia where we lease approximately 100,000 square feet of office space. The lease expires September 30, 2014. We also lease office space in Princeton, New Jersey, Parsippany, New Jersey, Woodland Hills, California, Pleasanton, California and Columbus, Ohio. Our Banking segment operates from our Chantilly, Virginia, Princeton, New Jersey, Woodland Hills, California and Pleasanton, California offices; our eCommerce segments operate from our Chantilly, Virginia, Princeton, New Jersey, Parsippany, New Jersey and Columbus, Ohio offices. We believe that all of our facilities are in good condition and are suitable and adequate to meet our operations. Additionally, we believe that suitable additional or alternative space will be available in the future on commercially reasonable terms as needed.


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Item 3.   Legal Proceedings
 
We are not a party to any litigation, individually or in the aggregate, that we believe would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations.
 
Item 4.   (REMOVED AND RESERVED)


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PART II
 
Item 5.   Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
Our common stock began trading on the NASDAQ National Market on June 4, 1999 and now trades on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “ORCC”. The following table sets forth the range of high and low closing sales prices of our common stock for the periods indicated, as reported by NASDAQ:
 
                                 
    2010     2009  
Fiscal Quarter Ended
  High     Low     High     Low  
 
First Quarter
  $ 5.45     $ 3.58     $ 4.69     $ 2.85  
Second Quarter
    5.10       3.84       6.36       3.71  
Third Quarter
    4.88       3.63       6.86       4.87  
Fourth Quarter
    5.35       4.16       6.49       5.06  
 
The market price of our common stock is highly volatile and fluctuates in response to a wide variety of factors. For additional information, see Item 1A., Risk Factors — Our Stock Price is Volatile included in this Annual Report on From 10-K.
 
On December 31, 2010, we had approximately 123 holders of record of common stock. This does not reflect persons or entities that hold their stock in nominee or “street” name through various brokerage firms.
 
We have not paid any cash dividends on our common stock and currently intend to retain any future earnings for use in our business. Accordingly, we do not anticipate declaring or paying any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future.
 
For information regarding securities authorized for issuance under our equity compensation plans, see Note 14, Equity Compensation Plans , in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in Part II, Item 8, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
                         
    Number of Securities
      Number of Securities
    to be Issued Upon
      Remaining Available for
    Exercise of
  Weighted-Average
  Future Issuance Under
    Outstanding Options,
  Exercise Price of
  Equity Compensation Plans
    Warrants and Rights
  Outstanding Options,
  (Excluding Securities
    (a)   Warrants and Rights   Reflected in Column(a))
 
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders
    1,824,630     $ 3.45       600,088  
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders
    1,821,813     $ 4.00        
 
Item 6.   Selected Consolidated Financial Data
 
The selected consolidated financial data set forth below with respect to Online Resources’ Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008 and with respect to Online Resources’ Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2010 and 2009 are derived from the audited Consolidated Financial Statements of Online Resources Corporation, which are included in Item 8, Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Consolidated Statements of Operations data for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2007 and 2006 and Consolidated Balance Sheet data at December 31, 2008, 2007 and 2006 are derived from Consolidated Financial Statements of Online Resources not included herein.


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The selected consolidated financial data set forth below is qualified in its entirety by, and should be read in conjunction with, the Consolidated Financial Statements, the related Notes thereto and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included elsewhere in this Form 10-K.
 
                                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008     2007     2006  
    (In thousands, except per share amounts)  
 
Statement of Operations Data:
                                       
Revenues:
                                       
Service fees
  $ 130,823     $ 134,651     $ 138,278     $ 121,364     $ 81,573  
Professional services and other
    18,690       17,212       13,364       13,768       10,163  
                                         
Total revenues
    149,513       151,863       151,642       135,132       91,736  
Cost of revenues
    78,953       77,260       77,353       64,083       41,317  
                                         
Gross profit
    70,560       74,603       74,289       71,049       50,419  
                                         
General and administrative
    32,146       31,140       33,445       28,933       19,780  
Sales and marketing
    19,532       20,747       24,207       23,446       18,009  
Systems and development
    9,901       9,394       9,906       9,196       7,382  
                                         
Total expenses
    61,579       61,281       67,558       61,575       45,171  
                                         
Income from operations
    8,981       13,322       6,731       9,474       5,248  
Other (expense) income
    (193 )     (4,057 )     (3,637 )     (11,231 )     (3,992 )
                                         
Income (loss) before income tax provision (benefit)
    8,788       9,265       3,094       (1,757 )     1,256  
Income tax provision (benefit)(1)
    3,412       4,135       1,175       (12,703 )     935  
                                         
Net income
    5,376       5,130       1,919       10,946       321  
Preferred stock accretion
    9,560       9,208       8,873       8,302       4,309  
                                         
Net (loss) income available to common stockholders
  $ (4,184 )   $ (4,078 )   $ (6,954 )   $ 2,644     $ (3,988 )
                                         
Net (loss) income available to common stockholders per share:
                                       
Basic
  $ (0.14 )   $ (0.14 )   $ (0.24 )   $ 0.10     $ (0.16 )
Diluted
  $ (0.14 )   $ (0.14 )   $ (0.24 )   $ 0.09     $ (0.16 )
Shares used in calculation of net (loss) income to common stockholders per share:
                                       
Basic
    30,954       29,947       29,111       27,153       25,546  
Diluted
    30,954       29,947       29,111       29,150       25,546  
Balance Sheet Data:
                                       
Cash, cash equivalents and investments
  $ 29,127     $ 22,907     $ 23,978     $ 22,362     $ 32,154  
Working capital
    14,346       31,067       24,243       17,625       41,483  
Total assets
    310,585       308,490       323,677       340,717       286,591  
Notes payable, less current portion
    9,563       40,500       59,500       75,438       85,000  
Other long-term liabilities
    6,956       6,888       6,377       6,508       9,565  
Total liabilities
    60,642       68,205       94,149       120,005       111,148  
Redeemable convertible preferred stock
    110,182       100,623       91,415       82,542       72,108  
Stockholders’ equity
    139,761       139,662       138,113       138,170       103,335  
 
 
(1) Includes a $13.7 million release of valuation allowance in 2007 related to federal net operating losses.


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Item 7.   MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
CAUTIONARY NOTE
 
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with Item 8, Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. This discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from the results anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of factors including, but not limited to, those under Risk Factors contained in Item 1A, in this Annual Report on From 10-K.
 
OVERVIEW
 
We provide outsourced, web and phone- based financial technology services to financial institution, biller, card issuer and creditor clients and their millions of consumer end-users. We currently derive approximately 80% of our revenues from payments and 20% from other services including account presentation relationship management, professional services, and custom software solutions. End-users may access and view their accounts online and perform various web-based self-service functions. They may also make electronic bill payments and funds transfers, utilizing our unique, real-time debit architecture, ACH and other payment methods. Our value-added relationship management services reinforce a favorable user experience and drive a profitable and competitive Internet channel for our clients. Further, we have professional services, including software solutions, which enable various deployment options, a broad range of customization and other value-added services.
 
We currently operate in two business segments — Banking and eCommerce. The operating results of these business segments exclude general corporate overhead expenses. Within each business segment, we face differing opportunities, challenges and risks. In our Banking segment we have the opportunity to deploy the new and enhanced products we have developed to expand and deepen the relationships we have with our existing clients. Our differentiated account presentation and payments products, as well as our ability to deliver a full suite of remote delivery financial services, provide the opportunity for us to increase market share particularly among mid-sized financial institutions. In the bank market, a very large percentage of financial institutions now offer internet banking and bill payment to their customers. We therefore face competition in our efforts to obtain new clients from other established providers of these services. The end-user base within these clients is not highly penetrated, however, so we benefit from continuing adoption increases.
 
Additionally, financial service providers have recently been adversely affected by significant illiquidity and credit tightening trends in the financial markets in which they operate. Unfavorable economic conditions adversely impacting those types of business could have a material adverse effect on our business.
 
In our eCommerce segment, there are still a significant number of potential clients who do not offer services such as those we are in a position to provide to their customer base. Further, the competition to provide these services is more fragmented than it is in the banking market. These factors provide us with the opportunity to expand our client base. We also offer an innovative debt collection product that is attractive to a number of large and mid-sized potential clients. For a portion of our eCommerce business, our revenue is tied to the value of the payment being made which exposes us to the impact of economic factors on these payments. We also continuously monitor the potential risks that we face due to the interfaces we have with, and our reliance on, various payments networks.
 
Across our markets, we are exposed to interest rate risk as we earn interest income from the bill payment funds in transit we hold on behalf of our end-users. We also closely monitor covenant and other compliance requirements under our debt and preferred stock agreements, as well as other potential risks associated with our capital structure.
 
We have experienced, and expect to continue to experience, significant user and transaction growth. This growth has placed, and will continue to place, significant demands on our personnel, management and other resources. We will need to continue to expand and adapt our infrastructure, services and related products to


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accommodate additional clients and their end-users, increased transaction volumes and changing end-user requirements.
 
Registered end-users using account presentation, bill payment or both, and the payment transactions executed by those end-users are the major drivers of our revenues. Since December 31, 2009, the number of users of our account presentation services increased 3%, and the number of users of our payment services increased 15%, for an overall 12% increase in users.
 
The following table summarizes users and payment services transactions:
 
                                 
          Increase/
 
    Period Ended December 31,     (Decrease)  
    2010     2009     Change     %  
 
Account presentation users (000s):
                               
Banking segment
    1,484       1,371       113       8 %
eCommerce segment
    2,499       2,509       (10 )     0 %
                                 
Enterprise
    3,983       3,880       103       3 %
Payment services users (000s):
                               
Banking segment
    4,748       4,861       (113 )     (2 )%
eCommerce segment
    8,209       6,417       1,792       28 %
                                 
Enterprise
    12,957       11,278       1,679       15 %
Total users (000s):
                               
Banking segment
    5,856       5,917       (61 )     (1 )%
eCommerce segment
    10,708       8,926       1,782       20 %
                                 
Enterprise
    16,564       14,843       1,721       12 %
Payment services transactions (000s):
                               
Banking segment
    148,258       152,656       (4,398 )     (3 )%
eCommerce segment
    71,343       60,101       11,242       19 %
                                 
Enterprise
    219,601       212,757       6,844       3 %
 
We have long-term service contracts with most of our clients. The majority of our revenues are recurring, though these contracts also provide for implementation, set-up and other non-recurring fees. Account presentation services revenues are based on either a monthly license fee, allowing our clients to register an unlimited number of customers, or a monthly fee for each registered customer. Payment services revenues are either based on a monthly fee for each customer enrolled, a fee per executed transaction, or a combination of both. Our clients pay nearly all of our fees and then determine if or how they want to pass these costs on to their users. They typically provide account presentation services to users free of charge, as they derive significant potential benefits including account retention, delivery and paper cost savings, account consolidation and cross-selling of other products.
 
As a network-based service provider, we have made substantial up-front investments in infrastructure, particularly for our proprietary systems. We invested approximately $5.9 million, $6.2 million, and $7.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009, and 2008, respectively. These investments were made to create new products, enhance the functionality of existing products and improve our infrastructure. Product enhancements allow us to remain competitive, retain existing clients and attract new clients. New products allow us to increase revenue and attract new clients. Infrastructure investments allow us to leverage ongoing advances in technology to improve our operating efficiency and capture cost savings.
 
While we continue to incur ongoing development and maintenance costs, we believe the infrastructure we have built provides us with significant operating leverage. We continue to automate processes and develop applications that allow us to make only small increases in labor and other operating costs relative to increases in customers and transactions. We believe our financial and operating performance will be based primarily on


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our ability to leverage additional end-users and transactions over this relatively fixed cost base. We do not incur material research and development costs.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
The policies discussed below are considered by management to be critical to an understanding of our consolidated financial statements because their application places the most significant demands on management’s judgment, with financial reporting results relying on estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. Specific risks for these critical accounting policies are described in the following paragraphs. For all of these policies, management cautions that future events rarely develop exactly as forecasted, and the best estimates routinely require adjustment.
 
Revenue Recognition Policy.  We generate revenues from service fees, professional services and other supporting services as a financial technology services provider in the Banking and eCommerce markets. Service fee revenues are generally comprised of account presentation services, payment services and relationship management services. Many of our contracts contain monthly user fees, transaction fees and new user registration fees for the account presentation services, payment services and relationship management services we offer that are often subject to monthly minimums, all of which are classified as service fees, for account presentation, payment, relationship management and professional services, in our consolidated statements of operations. Additionally, some contracts contain fees for relationship management marketing programs which are also classified as service fees in our consolidated statements of operations. These services are not considered separate deliverables. Fees for relationship management marketing programs, monthly user and transaction fees, including the monthly minimums, are recognized in the month in which the services are provided or, in the case of minimums, in the month to which the minimum applies. We recognize service fee revenue when all of the following criteria are met: a) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; b) delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; c) the seller’s price to the buyer is fixed or determinable; and d) collectibility is reasonably assured. Revenues associated with services that are subject to refund are not recognized until such time as the exposure to potential refund has lapsed.
 
We collect funds from end-users and aggregate them in clearing accounts, which are not included in our consolidated balance sheets, as we do not have ownership of these funds. For certain transactions, funds may remain in the clearing accounts until a payment check is deposited or other payment transmission is accepted by the receiving merchant. We earn interest on these funds for the period they remain in the clearing accounts. The collection of interest on these clearing accounts is considered in our determination of the fee structure for clients and represents a portion of the payment for our services. This interest totaled $0.3 million, $0.8 million and $5.0 million for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively and is classified as payment service revenue in our consolidated statements of operations.
 
Professional services revenues consist of implementation fees associated with the linking of our financial institution clients to our service platforms through various networks, along with web development and hosting fees, training fees, communication services and sales of software licenses and related support. We provide access to our service platforms to the customer using a hosting model. The implementation and web hosting services are not considered separate deliverables. Revenues from web development, web hosting, training and communications services are recognized over the term of the contract as the services are provided.
 
When we provide services to the customer through the delivery of software, revenues from the sale of software licenses, services and related support are recognized when there is persuasive evidence that an arrangement exists, the fee is fixed or determinable, collectability is probable and the software has been delivered, provided that no significant obligations remain under the contract. We have multiple-element software arrangements that typically include support services, in addition to the delivery of software. For these arrangements, we recognize revenues using the residual method. Under the residual method, the fair value of the undelivered elements, based on vendor specific objective evidence of fair value, is deferred. The difference between the total arrangement fee and the amount deferred for the undelivered elements is recognized as revenues related to the delivered elements. We determine the fair value of the undelivered elements based on the amounts charged when those elements are sold separately. For sales of software that require significant


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production, modification or customization, we recognize revenues using the percentage-of-completion method. The percentage-of-completion is measured based on the percentage of labor effort incurred to date to estimated total labor effort to complete delivery of the software license. Changes in estimates to complete and revisions in overall profit estimates on these contracts are charged to our consolidated statements of operations in the period in which they are determined. We record any estimated losses on contracts immediately upon determination. Revenues related to support services are recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the support agreement.
 
Most contracts can be terminated by our clients within a specific period, typically thirty to sixty days following notice by the client. Our contracts contain termination fees which generally, at a minimum, cover our remaining incremental costs and deferred costs related to the contract. We have not historically incurred losses on terminated contracts.
 
Other revenues consist of service fees related to enhanced third-party solutions and termination fees. Service fees for enhanced third-party solutions include fully integrated bill payment and account retrieval services through Intuit’s Quicken, check ordering, inter-institution funds transfer, account aggregation and check imaging. Revenues from these service fees are recognized over the term of the contract as the services are provided. Termination fees are recognized upon termination of a contract.
 
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts.  The provision for losses on accounts receivable and allowance for doubtful accounts are recognized based on our estimate, which considers our historical loss experience, including the need to adjust for current conditions, and judgments about the probable effects of relevant observable data and financial health of specific customers. During the year ended December 31, 2010, we reserved an additional $132,000 of accounts receivable during the year to reflect a balance of $232,000 at year end. This represents management’s estimate of the probable losses in the accounts receivable balance at December 31, 2010. While the allowance for doubtful accounts and the provision for losses on accounts receivable depend to a large degree on future conditions, management does not forecast significant adverse developments in 2011.
 
Income Taxes.  Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on temporary differences between financial reporting and the tax bases of assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets are also recognized for tax net operating loss carryforwards. These deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that are expected to be in effect when such amounts are expected to reverse or be utilized. The realization of deferred tax assets is contingent upon the generation of future taxable income during the carryforward period. Valuation allowances are provided to reduce such deferred tax assets to amounts more likely than not to be ultimately realized. The net operating loss carryforwards expire from 2021-2026. Management believes that the Company will generate sufficient taxable income over the next four years to recover the net operating loss carryforwards and it is more likely than not that they will recover net operating losses prior to their expiration.
 
In 2008, based on the positive taxable income trend in New Jersey and projected taxable income over the next five years, the Company reversed approximately $1.9 million of valuation allowance against state net operating loss carryforwards. This reversal resulted in recognition of an income tax benefit totaling $0.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. The remaining $1.7 million was related to valuation allowance established in purchase accounting and therefore resulted in a reduction of goodwill when reversed. In 2008, we established a deferred tax asset valuation of approximately $0.3 million related to realized and unrealized capital losses from our investment in the Columbia Strategic Cash Portfolio. In 2009, the investment was extinguished and a reversal of $0.1 million resulted in an income tax benefit of $0.03 million. Our estimates of future taxable income represent critical accounting estimates because such estimates are subject to change and a downward adjustment could have a significant impact on future earnings.
 
Cost of Internal Use Software and Computer Software to be Sold.  We capitalize the cost of computer software developed or obtained for internal use. Capitalized computer software costs consist primarily of payroll-related and consulting costs incurred during the development stage. We expense costs related to preliminary project assessments, research and development, re-engineering, training and application


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maintenance as they are incurred. Capitalized software costs are being depreciated on a straight-line basis over an estimated useful life of three to seven years upon being placed in service.
 
We capitalize the cost of computer software to be sold. Software development costs are capitalized beginning when a product’s technological feasibility has been established by completion of a working model of the product and ending when a product is ready for general release to customers. We capitalized approximately $5.9 million of software development costs and amortized approximately $7.2 million of capitalized computer software for the year ended December 31, 2010.
 
Impairment of Goodwill, Intangible Assets and Long-Lived Assets.  We evaluate the recoverability of our identifiable intangible assets, goodwill and other long-lived assets. We assess the recoverability of our goodwill at least on an annual basis and when events or circumstances indicate a potential impairment. When assessing the recoverability of our goodwill, we use the income method to determine the fair value of our two reporting units, Banking and eCommerce, based upon our forecasted discounted cash flows. The estimates we use in evaluating goodwill are consistent with the plans and estimates that we use to manage our operations. We use undiscounted cash flows to assess the recoverability of our amortizable intangible and other long-lived assets, when events and circumstances indicate a potential impairment. The Company’s reporting units, Banking and eCommerce, have allocated goodwill of approximately $80.4 million and approximately $101.1 million, respectively, as of December 31, 2010.
 
We did not experience any impairment of goodwill or other intangible assets for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 or 2008. If market conditions continue to weaken, our revenue and cost forecasts may not be achieved and we may incur charges for goodwill impairment, which could be significant and could have a material negative effect on our results of operations. The Company’s stock price ranged from $3.58 to $5.45 during 2010. Were the stock price to decline below this range, it may require the Company to evaluate whether or not the decline in stock price indicated an impairment requiring reevaluation of the goodwill. The Company will continue to monitor its financial performance, stock price, and other factors in order to determine if there are any indicators of impairment.
 
The discounted cash flow approach we use for valuing goodwill involves estimating future cash flows expected to be generated from the related assets, discounted to their present value using a discount rate. Terminal values are also estimated and discounted to their present value.
 
We forecasted revenue, expenses, and cash flows over a five-year period for each of our reporting units. In projecting future cash flows, we considered factors including our historical growth rates and company-specific information such as forecasted sales and client retention. Based on these considerations, our assumed 2011 revenue growth rates were neutral followed by assumed revenue growth with an anticipated economic recovery in 2012. To arrive at our projected cash flows and resulting growth rates, we evaluated our historical operating results and current management initiatives to assess the reasonableness of our operating margin assumptions. We also calculated a “normalized” residual year which represents the perpetual cash flows of each reporting unit. The residual year cash flow was multiplied by market factors to estimate arrive at the terminal value of the reporting unit.
 
We also utilized the market approach to provide a test of reasonableness to the results of the discounted cash flow model. The market approach indicates the fair value of the invested capital of a business based on a company’s market capitalization and a comparison of the business to comparable publicly traded companies and transactions in its industry. One indication of the fair value of a business is the quoted market price in active markets for the equity of the business. The quoted market price of equity multiplied by the number of shares outstanding yields the fair value of the equity of a business on a marketable, noncontrolling basis. We then apply a premium for control and add the estimated fair value of interest-bearing debt to indicate the fair value of the invested capital of the business on a marketable, controlling basis.
 
While we believe we have made reasonable estimates and utilized appropriate assumptions to calculate the fair value of our reporting units, it is possible a material change could occur. If future results are not consistent with our assumptions and estimates, we may be exposed to impairment charges in the future.


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The Company’s reporting units, Banking and eCommerce, have a carrying value of approximately $105.6 million and approximately $127.4 million, respectively, as of December 31, 2010. Banking and eCommerce have allocated goodwill of approximately $80.4 million and approximately $101.1 million, respectively, as of December 31, 2010. If the Company’s future revenue growth does not materialize, either because it fails to achieve sales forecasts or loses existing customers, or if it experiences changes in market factors such as discount rate or stock price, the fair value of one or both of the Company’s reporting units could be impacted. If the fair value for our Banking reporting unit declines approximately 28% from the December 31, 2010 fair value, or the fair value of our eCommerce reporting unit declines approximately 21% from the December 31, 2010 fair value, it is likely that we would incur goodwill impairment charges.
 
Theoretical Swap Derivative.  We bifurcated the fair market value of the embedded derivative associated with the Series A-1 Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock (“Series A-1 Preferred Stock”) issued in conjunction with the Princeton eCom acquisition on July 3, 2006. We determined that the embedded derivative is defined as the right to receive a fixed rate of return on the accrued, but unpaid dividends and the variable negotiated rate, which creates a theoretical swap between the fixed rate of return on the accrued, but unpaid dividends and the variable rate actually accrued on the unpaid dividends. This embedded derivative is marked to market at the end of each reporting period through earnings and an adjustment to other assets. There is no active market quote available for the fair value of the embedded derivative. Thus, management measures fair value of the derivative by estimating future cash flows related to the asset using a forecasted iMoney Net First Tier rate based on the one-month LIBOR rate adjusted for the historical spread for the estimated period in which the Series A-1 Preferred Stock will be outstanding.
 
Management has to make significant estimates about the future cash flows related to the liability, the estimated period which the Series A-1 Preferred Stock will be outstanding and the appropriate discount rates commensurate with the risks involved. The fair value of this derivative fluctuates based on changes to interest rates. An increase to interest rates will decrease the fair value of the derivative. Changes to the fair value of the derivative are recorded in interest expense on the consolidated statement of operations.
 
Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities.  From time to time, we have entered into derivative instruments to serve as cash flow hedges for our debt instruments. The Company recognizes all of its derivative instruments as either assets or liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet at fair value. The accounting for changes in the fair value (i.e., gains or losses) of a derivative instrument depends on whether it has been designated and qualifies as part of a hedging relationship and further, on the type of hedging relationship. For those derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as hedging instruments, a company must designate the hedging instrument, based upon the exposure being hedged, as a fair value hedge, cash flow hedge or a hedge of a net investment in a foreign operation.
 
For derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as a cash flow hedge (i.e., hedging the exposure to variability in expected future cash flows that is attributable to a particular risk), the effective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative instrument is reported as a component of other comprehensive income or loss and reclassified into operations in the same line item associated with the forecasted transaction in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings (for example, in “interest expense” when the hedged transactions are interest cash flows associated with floating-rate debt). The remaining gain or loss on the derivative instrument in excess of the cumulative change in the present value of future cash flows of the hedged item, if any, is recognized in other income/expense in current operations during the period of change. Alternatively, a cash flow hedge is considered “perfectly effective” and the entire gain or loss on the derivative instrument is reported as a component of other comprehensive income or loss and reclassified into operations in the same line item associated with the forecasted transaction in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Derivatives are reported on the balance sheet in other current and long-term assets or other current and long-term liabilities based upon when the financial instrument is expected to mature. Accordingly, derivatives are included in the changes in other assets and liabilities in the operating activities section of the statement of cash flows. Alternatively, derivatives containing a financing element are reported as a financing activity in the statement of cash flows.


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Stock-Based Compensation.  Compensation cost for all share-based payments granted are based on the grant-date estimated fair value. The fair value of each option granted is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The assumptions used in this model are expected dividend yield, expected volatility, risk-free interest rate and expected term. The expected volatility for stock options is based on historical volatility.
 
Share-based compensation expense recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Operations is based on awards ultimately expected to vest, reduced for estimated forfeitures. The authoritative accounting pronouncement for share-based compensation expense requires forfeitures to be estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. Expected forfeitures were estimated based on our historical experience.
 
For the options based on performance, management must assess the probability of the achievement of the targets. If the targets are not probable of achievement, changes in the recognition of share-based compensation expense may occur. Management assesses the probability based on the Company’s actual and projected results of operations.
 
The underlying assumptions can change from time to time and, as a result, the compensation expense that we record in future periods may differ significantly from what we have recorded in the current period with respect to similar instruments.
 
Recently Issued Pronouncements.
 
In January of 2010, the FASB improved its disclosures for fair value measurements, requiring separate disclosures of transfers in and out of Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements along with the reason for the transfer. The new guidance also requires separately presenting the reconciliation for Level 3 fair value measurements purchases, sales, issuances and settlements and clarifies the disclosure regarding the level of disaggregation and input and valuation techniques. The guidance related to the Level 3 reconciliation will be effective January 1, 2011. The remaining guidance was adopted during the first quarter of 2010. Adoption of this guidance in the first quarter of 2010 did not materially impact the Company’s financial disclosures.
 
In October 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, changed its guidance for the accounting of certain revenue arrangements that include software elements. This authoritative guidance amends the scope of pre-existing software revenue guidance by removing from the guidance non-software components of tangible products and certain software components of tangible products. The Company adopted this authoritative guidance prospectively commencing in its first quarter of fiscal 2010. Adoption of this guidance in the first quarter of 2010 did not materially impact the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
 
In October 2009, the FASB changed its guidance for the accounting of multiple-deliverable revenue arrangements with customers. Current GAAP requires a vendor to use vendor-specific objective evidence or third-party evidence of selling price to separate deliverables in a multiple-deliverable arrangement. Multiple-deliverable arrangements will be separated in more circumstances with the updated guidance. The change in guidance establishes a selling price hierarchy for determining the selling price of a deliverable. The selling price used for each deliverable will be based on vendor-specific objective evidence if available, third-party evidence if vendor-specific objective evidence is not available, or estimated selling price if neither vendor-specific nor third-party evidence is available. The best estimate to use in determining a selling price is the price as if the item were sold on a stand alone basis. Changes also include eliminating the residual method of allocation and requiring that arrangement consideration be allocated at the inception of the arrangement to all deliverables using the relative selling price method, which allocates discounts in the arrangement proportionally to each deliverable based on each selling price. These changes become effective, prospectively, for the Company on January 1, 2011. The Company does not anticipate the adoption will have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.


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Results of Operations
 
The following table presents the summarized results of operations for our two reportable segments, Banking and eCommerce (dollars in thousands):
 
                                                 
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    Dollars     %     Dollars     %     Dollars     %  
 
Revenues:
                                               
Banking
  $ 90,320       60 %   $ 93,187       61 %   $ 94,557       62 %
eCommerce
    59,193       40 %     58,676       39 %     57,085       38 %
                                                 
Total
  $ 149,513       100 %   $ 151,863       100 %   $ 151,642       100 %
                                                 
                                                 
                                                 
    Dollars     Margin     Dollars     Margin     Dollars     Margin  
 
Gross profit:
                                               
Banking
  $ 43,963       49 %   $ 47,794       51 %   $ 48,561       51 %
eCommerce
    26,597       45 %     26,809       46 %     25,728       45 %
                                                 
Total
  $ 70,560       47 %   $ 74,603       49 %   $ 74,289       49 %
                                                 
                                                 
                                                 
    Dollars     %     Dollars     %     Dollars     %  
 
Operating expenses:
                                               
Banking
  $ 24,600       40 %   $ 24,176       39 %   $ 27,104       40 %
eCommerce
    19,070       31 %     19,644       32 %     22,702       34 %
Corporate(1)
    17,909       29 %     17,461       29 %     17,752       26 %
                                                 
Total
  $ 61,579       100 %   $ 61,281       100 %   $ 67,558       100 %
                                                 
                                                 
                                                 
    Dollars     Margin     Dollars     Margin     Dollars     Margin  
 
Income from operations:
                                               
Banking
  $ 19,363       21 %   $ 23,618       25 %   $ 21,457       23 %
eCommerce
    7,527       13 %     7,165       12 %     3,026       5 %
Corporate(1)
    (17,909 )           (17,461 )           (17,752 )      
                                                 
Total
  $ 8,981       6 %   $ 13,322       9 %   $ 6,731       4 %
                                                 
 
 
(1) Corporate expenses are primarily comprised of corporate general and administrative expenses that are not considered in the measure of segment profit or loss used to evaluate the segments.
 
Year Ended December 31, 2010 Compared to the Year Ended December 31, 2009
 
Revenues
 
We generate revenues from account presentation, payment, relationship management and professional services and other revenues. Revenues decreased by $2.4 million, or (2)%, to $149.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, from $151.9 million in 2009.
 


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    Years Ended December 31,     Change  
    2010     2009     Difference     %  
 
Revenues (in thousands):
                               
Account presentation services
  $ 9,408     $ 8,198     $ 1,210       15 %
Payment services
    113,007       118,291       (5,284 )     (4 )%
Relationship management services
    8,408       8,162       246       3 %
Professional services and other
    18,690       17,212       1,478       9 %
                                 
Total revenues
  $ 149,513     $ 151,863     $ (2,350 )     (2 )%
                                 
Payment metrics (in thousands):
                               
Banking payment transactions
    148,258       152,656       (4,398 )     (3 )%
Biller payment transactions
    71,343       60,101       11,242       19 %
 
Notes:
 
Account Presentation Services.  Both the Banking and eCommerce segments contribute to account presentation services revenues, which increased 15%, or $1.2 million, to $9.4 million. The increase is due to net new clients of approximately $1.3 million and increased service to existing clients of approximately $0.6 million partially offset by reduced card usage fees of approximately $0.7 million.
 
Payment Services.  Both the Banking and eCommerce segments contribute to payment services revenues, which decreased to $113.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 from $118.3 million in the same period of the prior year. The decrease was related to declines in interest rates which reduced float interest revenue by approximately $0.5 million. Additionally, user and account maintenance fees decreased by approximately $4.9 million. This was offset by an increase in transaction and license fees of approximately $0.1 million.
 
Relationship Management Services.  Primarily composed of revenues from the Banking segment, relationship management services revenues increased 3%, or $0.2 million, to $8.4 million.
 
Professional Services and Other.  Both the Banking and eCommerce segments contribute to professional services and other revenues, which increased by $1.5 million, or 9%. Revenues from professional services and other fees increased due to increased implementation fees of approximately $0.2 million, increased license fees of approximately $0.6 million, increased professional service fees of $0.8 million, and increased users and transactions of approximately $0.5 million partially offset by reduced cancellation fees of approximately $0.6 million.

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Costs and Expenses
 
                                 
    Years Ended December 31,     Change  
    2010(1)     2009(1)     Difference(1)     %  
 
Revenues
  $ 149,513     $ 151,863     $ (2,350 )     (2 )%
Costs of revenues
    78,953       77,260       1,693       2 %
                                 
Gross profit
    70,560       74,603       (4,043 )     (5 )%
Gross margin
    47 %     49 %     2 %     0 %
Operating expenses
                               
General and administrative
    32,146       31,140       1,006       3 %
Sales and marketing
    19,532       20,747       (1,215 )     (6 )%
Systems and development
    9,901       9,394       507       5 %
                                 
Total operating expenses
    61,579       61,281       299       0 %
                                 
Income from operations
    8,981       13,322       (4,342 )     (33 )%
                                 
Other (expense) income
                               
Interest income
    65       117       (52 )     (44 )%
Interest and other expense
    (258 )     (4,174 )     3,916       94 %
                                 
Total other expense
    (193 )     (4,057 )     3,864       95 %
                                 
Income before tax provision
    8,788       9,265       (477 )     (5 )%
Income tax provision
    3,412       4,135       (723 )     (17 )%
                                 
Net income
    5,376       5,130       246       5 %
Preferred stock accretion
    9,560       9,208       352       4 %
                                 
Net loss available to common stockholders
  $ (4,184 )   $ (4,078 )   $ (106 )     (3 )%
                                 
Net loss available to common stockholders per share:
                               
Basic
  $ (0.14 )   $ (0.14 )   $ 0.00       0 %
Diluted
  $ (0.14 )   $ (0.14 )   $ 0.00       0 %
Shares used in calculation of net loss available to common stockholders per share:
                               
Basic
    30,954       29,947       1,007       3 %
Diluted
    30,954       29,947       1,007       3 %
 
 
Notes:
 
(1) In thousands except for per share amounts.
 
Costs of Revenues.  Costs of revenues encompass the direct expenses associated with providing our services. These expenses include telecommunications, payment processing, systems operations, customer service, implementation and professional services work. Costs of revenues increased by $1.7 million to $79.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, from $77.3 million for the same period in 2009. The increase is due to increased salaries and benefits of approximately $0.5 million, data communication costs of approximately $0.4 million, amortization of deferred costs of approximately $0.4 million, amortization of software costs of approximately $0.4 million and partner commissions of approximately $0.2 million offset by a decrease in amortization expense of intangible assets of approximately $0.3 million.
 
Gross Profit.  Gross profit decreased $4.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $70.6 million, and gross margin was 47% and 49% for the year ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The decrease is due to a decrease in revenue of $2.3 million combined with an increase in cost of revenues of $1.7 million. As discussed above the margin decreased primarily due to an increase in fixed costs related to


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labor, data communications, amortization of deferred costs and amortization of software costs partially offset by lower amortization costs related to intangible assets.
 
General and Administrative.  General and administrative expenses primarily consist of salaries for executive, administrative and financial personnel, consulting expenses and facilities costs such as office leases, insurance and depreciation. General and administrative expenses increased $1.0 million, or 3% to $32.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. The increase was due to increased salary and benefit expenses of approximately $1.5 million and increased legal and audit fees of $0.7 million offset by reduced repair and maintenance costs of approximately $0.9 million and client conference costs of approximately $0.2 million.
 
Sales and Marketing.  Sales and marketing expenses include salaries and commissions paid to sales and client services personnel and other costs incurred in selling our services and products. Sales and marketing expenses decreased $1.2 million, or 6%, to $19.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. The primary reason for the decrease are reduced amortization expense of $1.4 million related to our customer lists and partner commission of approximately $0.7 offset by increased salary and benefits expense of approximately $0.7 million and bad debt expense of $0.1 million.
 
Systems and Development.  Systems and development expenses include salaries, consulting fees and all other expenses incurred in supporting the development of new services and products and new technology to enhance existing products. Systems and development expenses increased by $0.5 million, or 5%, to $9.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. The increase is primarily due to increased consulting costs of approximately $0.9 million and salary and benefit costs of approximately $0.4 million offset by increased capitalizable costs of approximately $0.8 million.
 
Income from Operations.  Income from operations decreased $4.3 million, or 33%, to $9.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. The decrease was primarily due to lower revenues of $2.3 million, increased costs of revenues of $1.7 million, and increased operating expenses of $0.3 million in the current period.
 
Interest Income.  Interest income remained constant at $0.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2010.
 
Interest and Other Expense.  Interest and other expense decreased by $3.9 million due primarily to a net decrease in interest expense of approximately $2.7 million as a result of the expiration of the interest rate swap as a of December 31, 2009, and an increase in mark-to-market valuation related to the theoretical swap derivative of approximately $1.2 million.
 
Income Tax (Benefit) Provision.  Income tax expense was $3.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, a decrease of $0.7 million over the prior year. This decrease is primarily due to the decrease in taxable income in the current year and a decrease in our effective rate. Our effective tax rate was 38.8%. The difference between our effective tax rate and the federal statutory rate is primarily due to a stock based compensation adjustment of approximately $0.2 million relating to the difference between the expected deduction from stock based compensation which is based upon the fair value of the award at the date of issuance and the actual deduction taken which is based upon the fair value of the award at the time the award is exercised or vests.
 
Preferred Stock Accretion.  The accretion related to the Series A-1 Preferred Stock issued on July 3, 2006 increased as a result of higher interest costs related to the escalation accrual associated with the Series A-1 Preferred Stock.
 
Net Loss (Income) Available to Common Stockholders.  Net loss available to common stockholders increased $0.1 million to a net loss of $4.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, compared to net loss of $4.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The increase is due to increased net income of approximately $0.2 million offset by increased preferred stock accretion of approximately $0.3 million. Basic and diluted net loss per share remained constant at $0.14 for the year ended December 31, 2010. Basic shares outstanding increased by 3% as a result of shares issued in connection with the exercise of company-issued stock options and our employees’ participation in our employee stock purchase plan.


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Year Ended December 31, 2009 Compared to the Year Ended December 31, 2008
 
Revenues
 
We generate revenues from account presentation, payment, relationship management and professional services and other revenues. Revenues increased slightly by $0.2 million, or 0%, to $151.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, from $151.6 million in 2008.
 
                                 
    Years Ended December 31,     Change  
    2009     2008     Difference     %  
 
Revenues (in thousands):
                               
Account presentation services
  $ 8,198     $ 7,909     $ 289       4 %
Payment services
    118,291       122,301       (4,010 )     (3 )%
Relationship management services
    8,162       8,068       94       1 %
Professional services and other
    17,212       13,364       3,848       29 %
                                 
Total revenues
  $ 151,863     $ 151,642     $ 221       %
                                 
Payment metrics (in thousands):
                               
Banking payment transactions
    152,656       159,268       (6,612 )     (4 )%
Biller payment transactions
    60,101       50,585       9,516       19 %
 
Account Presentation Services.  Both the Banking and eCommerce segments contribute to account presentation services revenues, which increased 4%, or $0.3 million, to $8.2 million. The increase is due to net new clients of approximately $1.0 million offset by the departure of a card account presentation services client in April 2008 of approximately $0.7 million.
 
Payment Services.  Both the Banking and eCommerce segments contribute to payment services revenues, which decreased to $118.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 from $122.3 million in the same period of the prior year. The decrease was related to significant declines in interest rates which reduced float interest revenue by approximately $4.2 million. Additionally, user and license fees decreased by approximately $1.0 million. This was offset by an increase in transaction fees of approximately $1.2 million.
 
Relationship Management Services.  Primarily composed of revenues from the Banking segment, relationship management services revenues increased 1%, or $0.1 million, to $8.2 million.
 
Professional Services and Other.  Both the Banking and eCommerce segments contribute to professional services and other revenues, which increased by $3.8 million, or 29%. Revenues from professional services and other fees increased due to higher cancellation fees of approximately $1.1 million, increased implementation fees of approximately $1.2 million, increased professional service fees of $0.8 million, increased expedited payment fees of $0.2 million and increased users and transactions for our Money HQ, Quicken, and mobile banking products of approximately $0.7 million partially offset by reduced account opening fees of approximately $0.3 million.


40


 

Costs and Expenses
 
                                 
    Years Ended December 31,     Change  
    2009(1)     2008(1)     Difference(1)     %  
 
Revenues
  $ 151,863     $ 151,642     $ 221       %
Costs of revenues
    77,260       77,353       (93 )     %
                                 
Gross profit
    74,603       74,289       314       %
Gross margin
    49 %     49 %     %     %
Operating expenses
                               
General and administrative
    31,140       33,445       (2,305 )     (7 )%
Sales and marketing
    20,747       24,207       (3,460 )     (14 )%
Systems and development
    9,394       9,906       (512 )     (5 )%
                                 
Total operating expenses
    61,281       67,558       (6,277 )     (9 )%
                                 
Income from operations
    13,322       6,731       6,591       98 %
                                 
Other (expense) income
                               
Interest income
    117       531       (414 )     (78 )%
Interest and other expense
    (4,174 )     (4,168 )     (6 )     %
                                 
Total other expense
    (4,057 )     (3,637 )     (420 )     (12 )%
                                 
Income before tax provision
    9,265       3,094       6,171       199 %
Income tax provision
    4,135       1,175       2,960       252 %
                                 
Net income
    5,130       1,919       3,211       167 %
Preferred stock accretion
    9,208       8,873       335       4 %
                                 
Net loss available to common stockholders
  $ (4,078 )   $ (6,954 )   $ 2,876       41 %
                                 
Net loss available to common stockholders per share:
                               
Basic
  $ (0.14 )   $ (0.24 )   $ 0.10       42 %
Diluted
  $ (0.14 )   $ (0.24 )   $ 0.10       42 %
Shares used in calculation of net loss available to common stockholders per share:
                               
Basic
    29,947       29,111       836       3 %
Diluted
    29,947       29,111       836       3 %
 
 
Notes:
 
(1) In thousands except for per share amounts.
 
Costs of Revenues.  Costs of revenues encompass the direct expenses associated with providing our services. These expenses include telecommunications, payment processing, systems operations, customer service, implementation and professional services work. Costs of revenues decreased by $0.1 million to $77.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, from $77.4 million for the same period in 2008. The decrease is due to reduced salaries and benefits of $0.7 million, consulting costs of $0.2 million and maintenance costs of $1.0 million offset by an increase in amortization expense of approximately $1.7 million.
 
Gross Profit.  Gross profit increased $0.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 to $74.6 million, and gross margin was 49% for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008. The increase is due to a slight increase in revenue combined with a slight decrease in cost of revenues.
 
General and Administrative.  General and administrative expenses primarily consist of salaries for executive, administrative and financial personnel, consulting expenses and facilities costs such as office leases, insurance and depreciation. General and administrative expenses decreased $2.3 million, or 7% to $31.1 million


41


 

for the year ended December 31, 2009. The decrease was due to the reduction of consulting and audit fees of $1.3 million, reduced salary and benefit expenses related to cost containment initiatives of approximately $0.8 million, reduced depreciation and amortization of approximately $0.6 million, and the change in estimated forfeitures of certain equity compensation awards of approximately $0.1 million, offset by costs incurred related to the proxy contest of approximately $0.8 million.
 
Sales and Marketing.  Sales and marketing expenses include salaries and commissions paid to sales and client services personnel and other costs incurred in selling our services and products. Sales and marketing expenses decreased $3.5 million, or 14%, to $20.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The primary reason for the decrease are reduced amortization expense of $1.9 million related to our customer lists and reduced partnership commissions of approximately $1.2 million.
 
Systems and Development.  Systems and development expenses include salaries, consulting fees and all other expenses incurred in supporting the development of new services and products and new technology to enhance existing products. Systems and development expenses decreased by $0.5 million, or 5%, to $9.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The decrease is primarily due to higher capitalized costs of approximately $0.7 million, decreased communication costs of approximately $0.1 million, decreased repair and maintenance of approximately $0.1 million offset by increased consulting costs of approximately $0.2 million and increased amortization costs of approximately $0.2 million.
 
Income from Operations.  Income from operations increased $6.6 million, or 98%, to $13.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The increase was primarily due to lower operating expenses in the current period.
 
Interest Income.  Interest income decreased $0.4 million to $0.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 due to lower average interest rates.
 
Interest and Other Expense.  Interest and other expense remained constant at $4.2 million due primarily to a mark-to-market valuation of the ITS put valuation in 2008 of approximately $1.7 million expense, a decrease in interest expense of approximately $1.2 million, and an increase to other income of approximately $0.6 million offset by a decrease mark-to-market valuation related to the theoretical swap derivative of approximately $3.5 million.
 
Income Tax (Benefit) Provision.  Income tax expense was $4.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, an increase of $3.0 million over the prior year. This increase is primarily due to the increase in taxable income in the current year. Our effective tax rate was 44.63%. The difference between our effective tax rate and the federal statutory rate is primarily due to a stock based compensation adjustment of approximately $0.9 million relating to the difference between the expected deduction from stock based compensation which is based upon the fair value of the award at the date of issuance and the actual deduction taken which is based upon the fair value of the award at the time the award is exercised or vests.
 
Preferred Stock Accretion.  The accretion related to the Series A-1 Preferred Stock issued on July 3, 2006 increased as a result of higher interest costs related to the escalation accrual associated with the Series A-1 Preferred Stock.
 
Net Loss (Income) Available to Common Stockholders.  Net loss available to common stockholders decreased $2.9 million to a net loss of $4.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, compared to net loss of $7.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. The decrease is due reduced operating expenses of approximately $6.3 million offset by increased tax expense of approximately $3.0 million. Basic and diluted net loss per share was $0.14 for the year ended December 31, 2009, compared to basic and diluted net loss per share of $0.24 for the year ended December 31, 2008. Basic shares outstanding increased by 3% as a result of shares issued in connection with the exercise of company-issued stock options and our employees’ participation in our employee stock purchase plan.


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Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Net cash provided by operating activities was $29.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. This represented a $3.3 million decrease in cash provided by operating activities compared to prior year. The decrease is primarily due to an decrease in equity compensation expense of $1.3 million, a decrease in depreciation and amortization of $1.2 and a change in fair value of theoretical swap derivative of $1.2 million offset by an increase in net income of $0.2 million and an increase in provision for losses on account receivable of $0.1 million.
 
Net cash used by investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2010 was $12.7 million, which was the result of capital expenditures.
 
Net cash used by financing activities was $10.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, which was primarily the result of principal payments on our 2007 Notes of $12.0 million offset by $1.1 million in payments received from stock option exercises.
 
In December 2007, we reclassified our investment (“investment”) in the Columbia Strategic Cash Portfolio Fund (the “Fund”) from cash and cash equivalents to short-term investments. The Fund was short-term and highly liquid in nature prior to the fourth quarter of 2007 and was classified as a cash equivalent. During the fourth quarter of 2007, the Fund was closed by the Fund administrator to future investment, partially due to the subprime credit market crisis, and began liquidating the Fund in an orderly manner. The Funds were then converted to a net asset value basis and marked to market daily. The fund was liquidated in 2009. The value of the investment was $0.0 million and $0.0 million at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. We adjusted the investment in the Fund to its estimated fair value at December 31, 2008. In addition, we received $0 and $2.1 million in liquidation payments from the Fund administrator during the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively and recorded a gain of $0.1 million during the year ended December 31, 2009.
 
During the fourth quarter of 2008, certain Company management elected to receive approximately 160,000 shares of restricted stock units that vested ratably each month of the fourth quarter of 2008, in lieu of cash compensation. In addition, certain members on our Board of Directors elected to receive approximately 23,500 shares of restricted stock units that vested ratably in each month of the fourth quarter of 2008, in lieu of cash compensation.
 
Our material commitments under operating and capital leases and purchase obligations are as follows (in thousands):
 
                                                         
          For the Years Ended  
    Total     2011     2012     2013     2014     2015     Thereafter  
 
Operating leases
  $ 21,057     $ 4,888     $ 4,541     $ 4,353     $ 3,653     $ 1,666     $ 1,956  
Purchase obligations
    1,311       1,168       143                          
Notes payable(1)
    36,750       27,188       9,562                          
                                                         
Total obligations
  $ 59,118     $ 33,244     $ 14,246     $ 4,353     $ 3,653     $ 1,666     $ 1,956  
                                                         
 
 
(1) Senior secured debt (“2007 Notes”)
 
The estimated interest payments related to the 2007 Notes are, $0.8 million and less than $0.1 million for 2011 and 2012, respectively. The estimated interest payments for years 2011 through 2012 were calculated based on the one- month LIBOR rate on December 31, 2010 of 0.26%. If the interest rates changed 1% the impact to estimated interest payments would be $1.1 million, and $0.1 million in 2011, and 2012, respectively.
 
Given continuing economic uncertainty and interest rate volatility, we could experience unforeseeable impacts on our results of operations, cash flows, ability to meet debt and other contractual requirements, and other items in future periods. While there can be no guarantees as to outcome, we have developed a contingency plan to address the negative effects of these uncertainties, if they occur. Our debt facility matures


43


 

in February, 2012 and we believe our existing cash and cash equivalents and cash from operations will be sufficient to cover future commitments.
 
Future capital requirements will depend upon many factors, including our need to finance any future acquisitions, the timing of research and product development efforts and the expansion of our marketing effort.
 
We expect to continue to expend significant amounts on expansion of facility infrastructure, ongoing research and development, computer and related equipment, and personnel.
 
We believe that cash on hand, investments and the cash we expect to generate from operations will be sufficient to meet our current anticipated cash requirements for at least the next twelve months. There can be no assurance that additional capital beyond the amounts currently forecasted by us will not be required or that any such required additional capital will be available on reasonable terms, if at all, at such time as required.
 
On January 21, 2011 the Company announced that its Board of Directors was evaluating unsolicited expressions of interest in potential business combinations that it had received from third parties. After careful consideration, on March 15, 2011 the Company’s Board of Directors announced it had terminated its evaluation of potential business combinations and is not actively pursuing alternatives to the Company’s long-term growth plan.
 
Item 7A.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
We invest primarily in short-term, investment grade, marketable government, corporate, and mortgage-backed debt securities. Our interest income is most sensitive to changes in the general level of U.S. interest rates and given the short-term nature of our investments, our exposure to interest rate risk is not material. We do not have operations subject to risks of foreign currency fluctuations, nor do we use derivative financial instruments in our investment portfolio.
 
In 2010, we are exposed to the impact of interest rate changes as they affect our outstanding senior secured notes, or 2007 Notes. The interest rate on our 2007 Notes varies based on LIBOR and, consequently, our interest expense could fluctuate with changes in the LIBOR rate through the maturity date of the senior secured note.
 
The Company performed a sensitivity analysis on the weighted average balances of the outstanding 2007 notes. If the LIBOR rate increased or decreased by one percent as of December 31, 2010, interest expense would have increased or decreased by approximately $0.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2010.
 
We earn interest (float interest) in clearing accounts that hold funds collected from end-users until they are disbursed to receiving merchants or financial institutions. The float interest we earn on these clearing accounts is considered in our determination of the fee structure for clients and represents a portion of the payment for our services. As such, the float interest earned is classified as payment services revenue in our consolidated statements of operations. This float interest revenue is exposed to changes in the general level of U.S. interest rates as it relates to the balances of these clearing accounts. The float interest totaled $0.3 million and $0.8 million for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. If there was a change in interest rates of one percent for the year ended December 31, 2010, revenues associated with float interest would have increased by approximately $1.9 million or decreased by approximately $0.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2010.
 
The Company’s investment in the Columbia Strategic Cash Portfolio (the “Fund”) was liquidated in September 2009. The value of the investment was $0.0 and $2.0 million at December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively. During the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company received $2.1 million in liquidation payments from the Fund administrator and recognized a gain of $0.1 million. During the year ended December 31, 2008, the Company received $6.6 million in liquidation payments from the Fund administrator and recognized a loss of $0.5 million related to the payments.


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Item 8.   Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
         
    46  
    48  
    49  
    50  
    51  
    53  
Supplementary Data
       
Financial Statement Schedule for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2008
       
    82  
 
 
* All other schedules prescribed under Regulation S-X are omitted because they are not applicable or not required.


45


 

 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
The Board of Directors and Stockholders
Online Resources Corporation:
 
We have audited Online Resources Corporation’s (the Company) internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.
 
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.
 
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of the Company and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2010, and our report dated March 15, 2011 expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements.
 
/s/  KPMG LLP
 
McLean, Virginia
March 15, 2011


46


 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
The Board of Directors and Stockholders
Online Resources Corporation:
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Online Resources Corporation and subsidiaries (the Company) as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the three year period ended December 31, 2010. In connection with our audit of the consolidated financial statements, we have also audited financial statement schedule II for the three years ended December 31, 2010, 2009, and 2008. These consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements and the financial statement schedule based on our audits.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Online Resources Corporation and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2010, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Also in our opinion, the related financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic consolidated financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein.
 
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO), and our report dated March 15, 2011, expressed an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
/s/  KPMG LLP
 
McLean, Virginia
March 15, 2011


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ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
 
                 
    December 31,  
    2010     2009  
 
ASSETS
Current assets:
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 29,127     $ 22,907  
Accounts receivable (net of allowance of $232 and $100, respectively)
    20,410       17,457  
Deferred implementation costs
    2,970       1,941  
Deferred tax asset, current portion
    3,893       7,477  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets:
    2,069       2,102  
                 
Total current assets
    58,469       51,884  
Property and equipment, net
    25,145       25,561  
Deferred tax asset, less current portion
    22,536       22,490  
Deferred implementation costs, less current portion
    2,436       1,908  
Goodwill
    181,516       181,516  
Intangible assets
    14,157       19,972  
Other assets
    6,326       5,159  
                 
Total assets
  $ 310,585     $ 308,490  
                 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
  $ 2,410     $ 2,008  
Accrued expenses
    3,019       2,541  
Accrued compensation
    3,274       1,198  
Notes payable, senior secured debt, current portion
    27,188       8,250  
Deferred revenues, current portion
    7,757       6,390  
Other current liabilities
    475       430  
                 
Total current liabilities
    44,123       20,817  
Notes payable, senior secured debt, less current portion
    9,563       40,500  
Deferred revenues, less current portion
    4,925       4,440  
Other long-term liabilities
    2,031       2,448  
                 
Total liabilities
    60,642       68,205  
Commitments and contingencies
               
Redeemable convertible preferred stock:
               
Series A-1 convertible preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 75 shares authorized and issued at December 31, 2010 and 2009 (Redeemable on July 3, 2013 at $135,815)
    110,182       100,623  
Stockholders’ equity:
               
Series B junior participating preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 297.5 shares authorized; none issued
           
Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 70,000 shares authorized; 31,856 issued and 31,429 outstanding at December 31, 2010 and 30,439 issued and 30,112 outstanding at December 31, 2009
    3       3  
Additional paid-in capital
    217,873       213,096  
Accumulated deficit
    (75,192 )     (70,776 )
Treasury stock, 427 shares at December 31, 2010 and 327 shares at December 31, 2009
    (2,923 )     (2,661 )
                 
Total stockholders’ equity
    139,761       139,662  
                 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 310,585     $ 308,490  
                 
 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


48


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
 
Revenues:
                       
Account presentation services
  $ 9,408     $ 8,198     $ 7,909  
Payment services
    113,007       118,291       122,301  
Relationship management services
    8,408       8,162       8,068  
Professional services and other
    18,690       17,212       13,364  
                         
Total revenues
    149,513       151,863       151,642  
Costs and expenses:
                       
Service costs
    74,554       73,032       72,632  
Implementation and other costs
    4,399       4,228       4,721  
                         
Costs of revenues
    78,953       77,260       77,353  
                         
Gross profit
    70,560       74,603       74,289  
                         
General and administrative
    32,146       31,140       33,445  
Sales and marketing
    19,532       20,747       24,207  
Systems and development
    9,901       9,394       9,906  
                         
Total expenses
    61,579       61,281       67,558  
                         
Income from operations
    8,981       13,322       6,731  
                         
Other (expense) income:
                       
Interest income
    65       117       531  
Interest expense
    (226 )     (4,265 )     (3,612 )
Other (expense) income
    (32 )     91       (556 )
                         
Total other (expense) income
    (193 )     (4,057 )     (3,637 )
                         
Income (loss) before income taxes
    8,788       9,265       3,094  
Income tax provision (benefit)
    3,412       4,135       1,175  
                         
Net income
    5,376       5,130       1,919  
Preferred stock accretion
    9,560       9,208       8,873  
                         
Net income (loss) available to common stockholders
  $ (4,184 )   $ (4,078 )   $ (6,954 )
                         
Net income (loss) available to common stockholders per share:
                       
Basic
  $ (0.14 )   $ (0.14 )   $ (0.24 )
Diluted
  $ (0.14 )   $ (0.14 )   $ (0.24 )
Shares used in calculation of net income (loss) available to common stockholders per share:
                       
Basic
    30,954       29,947       29,111  
Diluted
    30,954       29,947       29,111  
 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


49


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
 
                                                         
                                  Accumulated
       
                Additional
                Other
    Total
 
    Common Stock     Paid-In
    Accumulated
    Treasury
    Comprehensive
    Stockholders’
 
    Shares     Amount     Capital     Deficit     Stock     Income (Loss)     Equity  
 
Balance at January 1, 2008
    28,819       3       198,333       (59,744 )     (228 )     (194 )     138,170  
Comprehensive income:
                                                       
Net income
                      1,919                   1,919  
Net unrealized loss on hedging instrument, net of taxes of $496
                                  (717 )     (717 )
                                                         
Comprehensive income
                                                    1,202  
Preferred stock accretion
                      (8,873 )                 (8,873 )
Treasury shares purchased
    (190 )                       (2,132 )           (2,132 )
Equity compensation cost
                4,874                         4,874  
Exercise of common stock options
    290             826                         826  
Issuance of common stock
    343             190                         190  
Issuance of common stock in connection with ITS acquisition
    264             3,856                         3,856  
                                                         
Balance at December 31, 2008
    29,526     $ 3     $ 208,079     $ (66,698 )   $ (2,360 )   $ (911 )   $ 138,113  
Comprehensive income:
                                                       
Net income
                      5,130                   5,130  
Realized loss on hedge activity
                                  1,789       1,789  
Unrealized loss on hedging instrument, net of taxes of $542
                                  (878 )     (878 )
                                                         
Comprehensive income
                                                    6,041  
Preferred stock accretion
                      (9,208 )                 (9,208 )
Treasury shares purchased
    (119 )                       (506 )           (506 )
Equity compensation cost
                4,149                         4,149  
Exercise of common stock options
    274             820                         820  
Issuance of common stock
    371             200                         200  
Retirement of shares
    38             (205 )           205             0  
Other
    22             53                         53  
                                                         
Balance at December 31, 2009
    30,112     $ 3     $ 213,096     $ (70,776 )   $ (2,661 )   $ 0     $ 139,662  
Comprehensive income:
                                                       
Net income
                      5,376                   5,376  
Preferred stock accretion
                      (9,560 )                 (9,560 )
Treasury shares purchased
    (207 )                         (994 )           (994 )
Treasury shares issued
                          (232 )     732             500  
Equity compensation cost
                  3,190                               3,190  
Exercise of common stock options
    480             1,455                         1,455  
Issuance of common stock
    1,044             132                         132  
                                                         
Balance at December 31, 2010
    31,429     $ 3     $ 217,873     $ (75,192 )   $ (2,923 )   $ (0 )   $ 139,761  
                                                         
 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


50


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
 
Operating activities
                       
Net income
  $ 5,376     $ 5,130     $ 1,919  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
                       
Deferred tax benefit
    3,538       3,568       778  
Depreciation and amortization
    19,052       20,236       21,270  
Equity compensation expense
    2,853       4,201       4,696  
Write off and amortization of debt issuance costs
    310       285       372  
(Gain) loss on disposal of assets, net
          (14 )     50  
Provision for losses on accounts receivable
    200       77       56  
(Gain) loss on investments
          (91 )     556  
Change in fair value of stock price protection
                1,565  
Change in fair value of theoretical swap derivative
    (1,336 )     (106 )     (3,574 )
Loss on cash flow hedge derivative security
                261  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
                       
Restricted cash
                1,535  
Consumer deposit receivable
                8,279  
Consumer deposit payable
                (10,555 )
Redemption of certificate of deposit
                2,294  
Accounts receivable
    (2,193 )     (1,792 )     748  
Prepaid expenses and other assets
    (368 )     60       1,595  
Deferred implementation costs
    (1,549 )     (594 )     (137 )
Accounts payable
    (338 )     675       (438 )
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
    2,498       27       (3,319 )
Interest payable
    (7 )     20       (65 )
Deferred revenues
    1,852       1,525       (284 )
                         
Net cash provided by operating activities
    29,888       33,207       27,602  
Investing activities
                       
Capital expenditures
    (12,741 )     (9,260 )     (13,471 )
Sale of property and equipment
    0       46        
Purchase of short-term investments
    0              
Sale of short-term investments
    0       2,100       6,570  
Acquisition of Internet Transactions Solutions, Inc., net of cash acquired
    0             (110 )
                         
Net cash used in investing activities
    (12,741 )     (7,114 )     (7,011 )
Financing activities
                       
Net proceeds from issuance of common stock
    1,093       568       827  
Repurchase of shares issued related to ITS acquisition
    0             (1,965 )
Payments for ITS price protection
    0             (112 )
Repayment of 2007 Notes
    (12,000 )     (26,687 )     (9,563 )
Repayment of capital lease obligations
    (20 )     (36 )     (36 )
                         
Net cash used in financing activities
    (10,927 )     (26,155 )     (10,849 )
                         
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
    6,220       (62 )     9,742  
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
    22,907       22,969       13,227  
                         
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year
  $ 29,127     $ 22,907     $ 22,969  
                         
 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


51


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS — (Continued)
 
SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION TO STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS:
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,
    2010   2009   2008
 
Cash paid for interest
  $ 1,179     $ 3,899     $ 4,772  
Income taxes paid
  $ 728     $ 839     $ 632  
Net unrealized loss on hedge and investments
  $ 0     $ (1,420 )   $ (1,759 )
 
SUPPLEMENTAL SCHEDULE OF NON-CASH FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,
    2010   2009   2008
 
Common stock issued in connection with ITS acquisition
  $     $     $ 3,856  
 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


52


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
1.   ORGANIZATION
 
Online Resources provides outsourced, web- and phone-based financial technology services to financial institution, biller, card issuer and creditor clients to fulfill payment, banking and other financial services to their millions of consumer end-users. Our products and services enable our clients to provide their consumer end-users with the ability to perform various self-service functions including electronic bill payments and funds transfers, which utilize our unique, real-time debit architecture, ACH and other payment methods, as well as gain online access to their accounts, transaction histories and other information. We deliver our products and services to two primary vertical markets: Banking Services and e-Commerce Services.
 
2.   SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Significant Accounting Policies
 
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates made by management include the determination of the fair value of stock awards issued, allowances for accounts receivable, the assessment for impairment of long-lived assets, and income taxes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
Principles of Consolidation
 
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant accounts, transactions and profits between the consolidated companies have been eliminated in consolidation.
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
The Company considers all highly liquid instruments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.
 
Consumer Deposit Receivable and Payables
 
During 2008, the Company changed the manner in which the Columbus, Ohio payment processing operations were structured. As a result of the change, the Company has only fiduciary responsibility over the bill payment funds associated with these operations. Therefore, the Company no longer has rights and obligations associated with these bill payment funds and no longer reports consumer deposit receivables, payables and related case as part of its consolidated balance sheet. This change resulted in cash used from operations in 2008 of $2.3 million on the consolidated statement of cash flows.
 
Short-term Investments
 
Short-term investments consist of the Company’s short term portion of the Columbia Strategic Cash Portfolio (the “Fund”) and certain certificates of deposit. In December 2007, this Fund was closed by the Fund administrator to future investment, partially due to the subprime credit market crisis. The Fund converted from a cash and cash equivalent to a net asset value basis and marked to market daily. The Company liquidated its investment in the Fund in 2009.
 
The value of the investment was $0 million at December 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009. During the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, the Company received $0 million and $2.1 million, respectively, in


53


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
liquidation payments from the Fund administrator. In addition, a gain of $0 million and a gain of $0.1 million was recognized for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, related to the investment in the Fund and liquidation, and was recorded as other expense in the consolidated statement of operations.
 
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
At December 31, 2010 and 2009, the carrying values of the following financial instruments: cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses, notes payable and other liabilities approximate their fair values based on the liquidity of these financial instruments or based on their short-term nature. The carrying values of the Company’s notes payable approximate fair value due to the variable interest rate which resets every month based upon interest benchmarks and a premium that varies based upon financial metrics. See fair value of cash flow hedge in Note 10, Financial Instruments.
 
Concentration of Credit Risk
 
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk at December 31, 2010 and 2009 consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments. The Company has cash in financial institutions that is insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) up to $250,000 per institution. At December 31, 2010 and 2009, the Company had cash and cash equivalents and short-term investment accounts in excess of the FDIC insured limits.
 
A customer that accounts for a significant percentage of sales relative to the Company’s total sales could potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk. At December 31, 2010 and 2009, no one client or reseller partner accounted for more than 4% of the Company’s revenues.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
The Company generates revenues from service fees, professional services, and other supporting services as a financial technology services provider in the Banking and eCommerce markets.
 
Service fee revenues are generally comprised of account presentation services, payment services and relationship management services. Many of the Company’s contracts contain monthly user fees, transaction fees and new user registration fees for the account presentation services, payment services and relationship management services it offers that are often subject to monthly minimums, all of which are classified as service fees in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations. Additionally, some contracts contain fees for relationship management marketing programs which are also classified as service fees in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations. These services are not considered separate deliverables. Fees for relationship management marketing programs, monthly user and transaction fees, including the monthly minimums, are recognized in the month in which the services are provided or, in the case of minimums, in the month to which the minimum applies. The Company recognizes revenues from service fees in accordance with
 
GAAP, which requires that revenues generally are realized or realizable and earned when all of the following criteria are met: a) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; b) delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; c) the seller’s price to the buyer is fixed or determinable; and d) collectability is reasonably assured. Revenues associated with services that are subject to refund are not recognized until such time as the exposure to potential refund has lapsed.
 
Implementation and new user registration fees are considered a single unit of accounting with the service fees associated with the contract. As such, implementation and new user registration fees are recognized consistently the way service fees are recorded, on a proportionate performance basis.


54


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
The Company collects funds from end-users and aggregates them in clearing accounts, which are not included in its consolidated balance sheets, as the Company does not have ownership of these funds. For certain transactions, funds may remain in the clearing accounts until a payment check is deposited or other payment transmission is accepted by the receiving merchant. The Company earns interest on these funds for the period they remain in the clearing accounts. The collection of interest on these clearing accounts is considered in the Company’s determination of its fee structure for clients and represents a portion of the payment for services performed by the Company. The interest totaled $0.3 million, $0.8 million and $5.0 million for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively, and is classified as payment services revenue in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations.
 
We enter into agreements with certain of our clients to process payment funds on their behalf. When we process an automated clearing house or automated teller machine network payment transaction for a client, we initiate a transaction to withdraw funds from the designated source account and deposit them into our off-balance sheet settlement account, which is a trust account maintained for the benefit of our clients. We then initiate a simultaneous transaction to transfer funds from our settlement account to the intended destination account. These “back to back” transactions are designed to settle at the same time, usually overnight, such that we receive the funds from the source at the same time as we send the funds to their destination. We maintain these funds in accounts separate from our corporate assets. While we do not take ownership of these funds we are entitled to interest earned on the fund balances. The fund balances have not been included in our balance sheet. The amount of such funds as of December 31, 2010 and 2009 were $250 million and $263 million, respectively.
 
Professional services revenues consist of implementation fees associated with the linking of the Company’s financial institution clients to its service platforms through various networks, along with web development and hosting fees, training fees, communication services and sales of software licenses and related support. Revenues are recognized when the Company provides access to its service platforms to the customer using a hosting model. The implementation and web hosting services are not considered separate deliverables. Revenues from web development, web hosting, training and communications services are recognized over the term of the contract as the services are provided.
 
When the Company provides services to the customer through the delivery of software, revenues from the sale of software licenses, services and related support are recognized when there is persuasive evidence that an arrangement exists, the fee is fixed or determinable, collectability is probable and the software has been delivered, provided that no significant obligations remain under the contract. The Company has multiple-element software arrangements, which in addition to the delivery of software, typically also include support services. For these arrangements, the Company recognizes revenues using the residual method. Under the residual method, the fair value of the undelivered elements, based on vendor specific objective evidence of fair value, is deferred. The difference between the total arrangement fee and the amount deferred for the undelivered elements is recognized as revenues related to the delivered elements.
 
The Company determines the fair value of the undelivered elements based on the amounts charged when those elements are sold separately. For sales of software that require significant production, modification or customization, the Company recognizes revenues related to software license fees and related services using the percentage-of-completion method.
 
The percentage-of-completion is measured based on the percentage of labor effort incurred to date to estimated total labor effort to complete delivery of the software license. Changes in estimates to complete and revisions in overall profit estimates on these contracts are charged to the Company’s consolidated statements of operations in the period in which they are determined. The Company records any estimated losses on contracts immediately upon determination. Revenues related to support services are recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the support agreement.


55


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Other revenues consist of service fees related to enhanced third-party solutions and termination fees. Service fees for enhanced third-party solutions include fully integrated bill payment and account retrieval services through Intuit’s Quicken, check ordering, inter-institution funds transfer, account aggregation and check imaging. Revenues from these service fees are recognized over the term of the contract as the services are provided. Termination fees are recognized upon termination of a contract.
 
Income Taxes
 
Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on temporary differences between financial reporting and the tax bases of assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets are also recognized for tax net operating loss and alternative minimum tax credit carryforwards. These deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that are expected to be in effect when such amounts are expected to reverse or be utilized. The realization of total deferred tax assets is contingent upon the generation of future taxable income. Valuation allowances are provided to reduce such deferred tax assets to amounts more likely than not to be ultimately realized. See Note 8, Income Taxes, for further discussion.
 
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
 
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts. The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers’ financial condition and limits the amount of credit extended when deemed necessary, but generally does not require collateral. Management believes that any material risk of loss is significantly reduced due to the Company’s broad client base as well the number of its customers and geographic areas. The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts to provide for probable losses in accounts receivable.
 
Property and Equipment
 
Property and equipment, including leasehold improvements, are recorded at cost. Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method over the assets’ estimated useful lives. See the table below for depreciable lives for each asset grouping. Depreciation expense was $7.3 million, $5.7 million and $6.3 million for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009, and 2008, respectively, and is included as cost of revenues and general and administrative expenses in the consolidated Statements of Operations. See Note 5, Property and Equipment and Capitalized Software Costs, for additional information.
 
     
Asset Group
 
Depreciable Life
 
Central processing systems and terminals
  3-5 years
Office furniture and equipment
  5 years
Central processing systems and terminals under capital leases
  shorter life of 3-7 years or lease term
Office furniture and equipment under capital leases
  shorter life of 5 years or lease term
Leasehold improvements
  generally remaining lease term(1)
 
 
(1) If the leasehold improvements estimated life is shorter than the remaining lease term, the estimated life is used as the depreciable term.
 
Capitalized Software Costs
 
The Company capitalizes the cost of computer software developed or obtained for internal use in accordance with GAAP. Capitalized computer software costs consist primarily of payroll-related and consulting costs incurred during the development stage. The Company expenses costs related to preliminary project assessments, development, re-engineering, training and application maintenance as they are incurred.


56


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Capitalized software costs are being depreciated on the straight-line method over a period ranging from three to seven years upon being placed in service.
 
The Company capitalizes software development costs beginning when a product’s technological feasibility has been established by completion of a working model of the product and ending when a product is ready for general release to customers. We capitalized approximately $5.9 million, $6.2 million, and $7.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009, and 2008, respectively.
 
Amortization of capitalized computer software costs was $7.2 million, $6.8 million and $5.5 million for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. See Note 5, Property and Equipment and Capitalized Software Costs, for additional information.
 
Goodwill
 
The Company recorded goodwill and intangible assets for the acquisitions of ITS on August 10, 2007, Princeton eCom Corporation (“Princeton”) on July 3, 2006, Integrated Data Systems, Inc. (“IDS”) on June 27, 2005, and Incurrent Solutions, Inc. (“Incurrent”) on December 22, 2004. Goodwill is not amortized and is tested at the reporting unit level at least annually or whenever events or circumstances indicate that goodwill might be impaired. The fair value of the Company’s reporting units are measured under the income method by utilizing discounted cash flows. The estimates the Company uses in evaluating goodwill are consistent with the plans and estimates that the Company uses to manage its operations.
 
The Company did not experience any impairment of goodwill or other intangible assets for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 or 2008. If market conditions weaken, the Company’s revenue and cost forecasts may not be achieved and the Company may incur charges for goodwill impairment, which could be significant and could have a material negative effect on our results of operations. The Company’s stock price ranged from $3.58 to $5.45 during 2010. Were the stock price to decline below this range, it may require the Company to evaluate whether or not the decline in stock price indicated an impairment requiring reevaluation of the goodwill. The Company will continue to monitor its financial performance, stock price, and other factors in order to determine if there are any indicators of impairment.
 
The Company’s reporting units, Banking and eCommerce, have a carrying value of approximately $105.6 million and approximately $127.4 million, respectively, as of December 31, 2010. Banking and eCommerce have allocated goodwill of approximately $80.4 million and approximately $101.1 million, respectively, as of December 31, 2010. If the Company’s future revenue growth does not materialize, either because it fails to achieve sales forecasts or loses existing customers, or if it experiences changes in market factors such as discount rate or stock price, the fair value of one or both of the Company’s reporting units could be impacted. If the fair value for our Banking reporting unit declines approximately 28% from the December 31, 2010 fair value, or the fair value of our eCommerce reporting unit declines approximately 21% from the December 31, 2010 fair value, it is likely that we would incur goodwill impairment charges.
 
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and Intangible Assets
 
The Company periodically evaluates the recoverability of long-lived assets, including deferred implementation costs, property and equipment and intangible assets, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. Intangible assets include customer lists, non-compete agreements, purchased technology, patents and trademarks, which are amortized over their useful lives of five to eleven years based on a schedule that approximates the pattern in which economic benefits of the intangible assets are consumed or otherwise used up. Other intangible assets represent long-lived assets and are assessed for potential impairment whenever significant events or changes occur that might impact recovery of recorded costs. There were no impairments for this particular asset group during the three years ended December 31, 2010.


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ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Theoretical Swap Derivative
 
The Company bifurcated the fair market value of the embedded derivative associated with the Series A-1 Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock (“Series A-1 Preferred Stock”) issued in conjunction with the Princeton eCom acquisition on July 3, 2006. The Company determined that the embedded derivative is defined as the right to receive a fixed rate of return on the accrued, but unpaid dividends and the variable negotiated rate, which creates a theoretical swap between the fixed rate of return on the accrued, but unpaid dividends and the variable rate actually accrued on the unpaid dividends. This embedded derivative is marked to market at the end of each reporting period through earnings and an adjustment to other assets. There is no active market quote available for the fair value of the embedded derivative. Thus, management measures fair value of the derivative by estimating future cash flows related to the asset using a forecasted iMoney Net First Tier rate based on the one-month LIBOR rate adjusted for the historical spread for the estimated period in which the Series A-1 Preferred Stock will be outstanding.
 
Derivative Instruments
 
The Company recognizes all of its derivative instruments as either assets or liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet at fair value. The accounting for changes in the fair value (i.e., gains or losses) of a derivative instrument depends on whether it has been designated and qualifies as part of a hedging relationship and further, on the type of hedging relationship. For those derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as hedging instruments, a company must designate the hedging instrument, based upon the exposure being hedged, as a fair value hedge, cash flow hedge or a hedge of a net investment in a foreign operation.
 
For derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as a cash flow hedge (i.e., hedging the exposure to variability in expected future cash flows that is attributable to a particular risk), the effective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative instrument is reported as a component of other comprehensive income or loss and reclassified into operations in the same line item associated with the forecasted transaction in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings (for example, in “interest expense” when the hedged transactions are interest cash flows associated with floating-rate debt). The remaining gain or loss on the derivative instrument in excess of the cumulative change in the present value of future cash flows of the hedged item, if any, is recognized in other income/expense in current operations during the period of change.
 
Alternatively, if meeting the criteria of accounting pronouncements, a cash flow hedge is considered “perfectly effective” and the entire gain or loss on the derivative instrument is reported as a component of other comprehensive income or loss and reclassified into operations in the same line item associated with the forecasted transaction in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Derivatives are reported on the balance sheet in other current and long-term assets or other current and long-term liabilities based upon when the financial instrument is expected to mature. Accordingly, derivatives are included in the changes in other assets and liabilities in the operating activities section of the statement of cash flows. Alternatively, derivatives containing a financing element are reported as a financing activity in the statement of cash flows.
 
Reclassification
 
Certain amounts reported in prior periods have been reclassified to conform to the 2010 presentation.
 
Net (Loss) Income Available to Common Stockholders Per Share
 
Net (loss) income available to common stockholders per share is computed by dividing the net (loss) income available to common stockholders for the period by the weighted average number of common shares


58


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
outstanding. Shares associated with stock options, restricted stock units, warrants and convertible securities are not included to the extent they are anti-dilutive.
 
Accumulated Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
Items defined as comprehensive income or loss are to be separately classified in the financial statements and that the accumulated balance of other comprehensive income or loss be reported separately from accumulated deficit and additional paid-in capital in the equity section of the balance sheet.
 
Stock-Based Compensation
 
The Company recognized compensation cost in 2010, 2009 and 2008 for all share-based payments based on the grant-date fair value. See Note 14, Equity Compensation Plans, for a description of the Company’s equity compensation plans and the details of the Company’s stock compensation expense.
 
The Company has applied the with-and-without approach for the ordering recognition of excess tax benefits for share based awards and other benefits.
 
Recently Issued Pronouncements
 
The following describes changes or updates to the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification tm, the new source of authoritative U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”), effective for the Company December 31, 2010. Only those changes or updates that are relevant to the Company’s business activities for the periods presented in this report are described below.
 
In January of 2010, the FASB improved its disclosures for fair value measurements, requiring separate disclosures of transfers in and out of Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements along with the reason for the transfer. The new guidance also requires separately presenting the reconciliation for Level 3 fair value measurements purchases, sales, issuances and settlements and clarifies the disclosure regarding the level of disaggregation and input and valuation techniques. The guidance related to the Level 3 reconciliation will be effective January 1, 2011. The remaining guidance was adopted during the first quarter of 2010. Adoption of this guidance in the first quarter of 2010 did not materially impact the Company’s financial disclosures.
 
In October 2009, the FASB changed its guidance for the accounting of certain revenue arrangements that include software elements. This authoritative guidance amends the scope of pre-existing software revenue guidance by removing from the guidance non-software components of tangible products and certain software components of tangible products. The Company will adopt this authoritative guidance prospectively commencing in its first quarter of fiscal 2010. Adoption of this guidance in the first quarter of 2010 did not materially impact the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
 
In October 2009, the FASB changed its guidance for the accounting of multiple-deliverable revenue arrangements with customers. Current GAAP requires a vendor to use vendor-specific objective evidence or third-party evidence of selling price to separate deliverables in a multiple-deliverable arrangement. Multiple-deliverable arrangements will be separated in more circumstances with the updated guidance. The change in guidance establishes a selling price hierarchy for determining the selling price of a deliverable. The selling price used for each deliverable will be based on vendor-specific objective evidence if available, third-party evidence if vendor-specific objective evidence is not available, or estimated selling price if neither vendor-specific nor third-party evidence is available. The best estimate to use in determining a selling price is the price as if the item were sold on a stand alone basis. Changes also include eliminating the residual method of allocation and requiring that arrangement consideration be allocated at the inception of the arrangement to all deliverables using the relative selling price method, which allocates discounts in the arrangement proportionally to each deliverable based on each selling price. These changes become effective, prospectively, for the


59


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Company on January 1, 2011. The Company does not anticipate the adoption will have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
 
3.   REPORTABLE SEGMENTS
 
The Company manages its business through two reportable segments: Banking and eCommerce. The Banking segment’s market consists primarily of banks, credit unions and other depository financial institutions in the United States. The segment’s fully integrated suite of account presentation, bill payment, relationship management and professional services are delivered through the Internet. The eCommerce segment’s market consists of billers, card issuers, processors, and other creditors such as payment acquirers and very large online billers. The segment’s account presentation, payment, relationship management and professional services are distributed to these clients through the Internet.
 
Factors used to identify the Company’s reportable segments include the organizational structure of the Company and the financial information available for evaluation by the chief operating decision-maker in making decisions about how to allocate resources and assess performance. The Company’s operating segments have been broken out based on similar economic and other qualitative criteria. The Company operates both reporting segments in one geographical area, the United States. The Company’s management assesses the performance of its assets in the aggregate, and accordingly, they are not presented on a segment basis.


60


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
The results of operations from these reportable segments were as follows for the three years ended December 31, 2009 (in thousands):
 
                                 
    Banking     eCommerce     Corporate(1)     Total  
 
Year ended December 31, 2010:
                               
Revenues:
                               
Account presentation services
  $ 5,415       3,993             9,408  
Payment services
    62,040       50,967             113,007  
Relationship management services
    8,113       295             8,408  
Professional services and other
    14,752       3,938             18,690  
                                 
Total revenues
    90,320       59,193             149,513  
Costs of revenues
    46,357       32,596             78,953  
                                 
Gross profit
    43,963       26,597               70,560  
Operating expenses
    24,600       19,070       17,909       61,579  
                                 
Income (loss) from operations
  $ 19,363     $ 7,527     $ (17,909 )   $ 8,981  
                                 
Year ended December 31, 2009:
                               
Revenues:
                               
Account presentation services
  $ 4,162       4,036             8,198  
Payment services
    68,461       49,830             118,291  
Relationship management services
    8,156       6             8,162  
Professional services and other
    12,408       4,804             17,212  
                                 
Total revenues
    93,187       58,676             151,863  
Costs of revenues
    45,393       31,867             77,260  
                                 
Gross profit
    47,794       26,809               74,603  
Operating expenses
    24,176       19,644       17,461       61,281  
                                 
Income (loss) from operations
  $ 23,618     $ 7,165     $ (17,461 )   $ 13,322  
                                 
                                 
Year ended December 31, 2008:
                               
Revenues:
                               
Account presentation services
  $ 3,146     $ 4,763     $     $ 7,909  
Payment services
    74,021       48,280             122,301  
Relationship management services
    8,053       15             8,068  
Professional services and other
    9,337       4,027             13,364  
                                 
Total revenues
    94,557       57,085             151,642  
Costs of revenues
    45,996       31,357             77,353  
                                 
Gross profit
    48,561       25,728             74,289  
Operating expenses
    27,104       22,702       17,752       67,558  
                                 
Income (loss) from operations
  $ 21,457     $ 3,026     $ (17,752 )   $ 6,731  
                                 
                                 
 
 
(1) Corporate expenses are primarily comprised of corporate general and administrative expenses that are not considered in the measure of segment profit or loss used to evaluate the segments.


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ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
4.   INVESTMENTS
 
The Company’s investment in the Columbia Strategic Cash Portfolio (the “Fund”) was liquidated in September 2009. The value of the investment was $0.0 million at December 31, 2009. During the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company received $2.1 million in liquidation payments from the Fund administrator and recognized a gain of $0.1 million.
 
5.   PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT
 
Property and equipment and capitalized software costs consist of the following (in thousands):
 
                 
    December 31,  
    2010     2009  
 
Central processing systems and terminals
  $ 30,889     $ 25,122  
Office furniture and equipment
    4,907       4,118  
Central processing systems and terminals under capital leases
    763       760  
Office furniture and equipment under capital leases
    127       127  
Internal use software
    37,639       33,440  
Leasehold improvements
    7,552       7,363  
                 
Total
    81,877       70,930  
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
    (30,320 )     (24,543 )
Less accumulated amortization of internal use software
    (25,524 )     (19,967 )
Less accumulated depreciation on assets held under capital leases
    (888 )     (859 )
                 
    $ 25,145     $ 25,561  
                 
                 
 
6.   GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS
 
Goodwill consists of the following (in thousands):
 
                         
    Banking
    eCommerce
       
 
  Segment     Segment     Total  
 
Balance at December 31, 2008
  $ 80,395       101,121       181,516  
Adjustments
                 
                         
Balance at December 31, 2009
    80,395       101,121       181,516  
Adjustments
                 
                         
Balance at December 31, 2010
  $ 80,395     $ 101,121     $ 181,516  
                         
                         


62


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Intangible assets consist of the following (in thousands):
 
                 
    December 31,  
    2010     2009  
 
Gross carrying amount:
               
Purchased technology
  $ 11,171     $ 11,171  
Customer lists
    40,754       40,754  
Patents and Trademarks
    133        
Non-compete agreements
    33       33  
                 
Total gross carrying amount
    52,091       51,958  
Accumulated amortization:
               
Less accumulated amortization of purchased technology
    (8,915 )     (7,304 )
Less accumulated amortization of customer lists
    (28,972 )     (24,653 )
Less accumulated amortization of patents and trademarks
    (14 )      
Less accumulated amortization of non-compete
    (33 )     (29 )
                 
Total accumulated amortization
    (37,934 )     (31,986 )
                 
Total intangible assets
  $ 14,157     $ 19,972  
                 
                 
 
Amortization expense related to intangible assets was $5.9 million, $7.7 million and $9.5 million for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively.
 
All intangible assets are amortized over their useful lives of five to eleven years based on a schedule that approximates the pattern in which economic benefits of the intangible assets are consumed or otherwise used up. Amortization expense is expected to approximate $4.8 million, $3.4 million, $2.0 million, $1.6 million and $1.2 million for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015.
 
7.   COMMITMENTS & CONTINGENCIES
 
The Company leases office space under operating leases expiring in 2011, 2013 and 2014. All but one of the leases provide for escalating rent over the respective lease term. Rent expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease. Rent expense under the operating leases for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009, and 2008, was $4.7 million, $6.2 million and $5.5 million, respectively. As of December 31, 2010, the Company does not have any equipment under capital lease.
 
Future minimum lease payments under leases are as follows (in thousands):
 
         
 
  Operating  
 
2011
  $ 4,888  
2012
    4,541  
2013
    4,353  
2014
    3,653  
2015
    1,666  
Thereafter
    1,956  
         
Total minimum lease payments
  $ 21,057  
         
         
 
Online Resources Corporation is currently the defendant in a civil action, Kent D. Stuckey v. Online Resources Corporation, U.S. District Court for Southern Dist. Ohio, Eastern Div., Case No. 2:08-CV-1188.


63


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
This lawsuit was filed on December 19, 2008 by Mr. Stuckey, the former Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of Internet Transaction Solutions, Inc. (“ITS”), a company that Online Resources acquired in August 2007. The plaintiff has purported to bring this suit in a representative capacity on behalf of all former ITS stockholders. Plaintiff’s primary allegation is that the stockholders of ITS were damaged as a result of the failure of Online Resources to register the shares that were received in the acquisition of ITS. Online Resources has disputed all the claims made by the plaintiff, and believes no material exposure will result from the claims asserted.
 
Online Resources Corporation is currently the defendant in a civil action, Matthew P. Lawlor v. Online Resources Corporation, Circuit Court of Fairfax County, Virginia, Case No. 2010-5601. This case was filed on April 16, 2010, by Matthew P. Lawlor, former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Company. Mr. Lawlor asserts employment claims for breach of contract under two stock option plans, breach of an implied employment agreement, unjust enrichment, wrongful termination, and a declaratory judgment claim that a change in control occurred under the Company’s stock option plan, and requests damages of $25 million. Online Resources disputes all claims raised by Mr. Lawlor and has determined the lawsuit is without merit. As a result, the Company has not recorded a provision for this legal action.
 
On May 19, 2010, Matthew Lawlor filed a complaint with the U.S. Department of Labor alleging that the Company wrongfully terminated him in contravention of Section 806 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Mr. Lawlor contends that he was terminated as CEO in retaliation for raising concerns of alleged insider trading violations to the Company. The Company denies the allegations. In a letter dated September 17, 2010, the U.S. Department of Labor (the “DOL”) notified Mr. Lawlor that his claim has been dismissed because it was not timely filed. Mr. Lawlor subsequently appealed the grounds for dismissal of his claim to the DOL. On December 3, 2010 the DOL issued an order advising the parties that it would consider the timeliness of Mr. Lawlor’s complaint as a preliminary matter. In an Initial Order of Dismissal issued February 3, 2011 the DOL again ordered that Mr. Lawlor’s claim is dismissed because it was not timely filed.
 
Online Resources Corporation is currently a defendant in a civil action, Leon Stambler v. Intuit Inc., et al., Civil Action No. 2:10-C-181, Eastern Dist. Texas, Marshall Div. This lawsuit was originally filed on May 28, 2010 and an amended complaint was filed on September 27, 2010. There are twenty-six other named defendants in this action asserting claims of infringement, by each defendant, of the plaintiff’s patents relating to certain aspects of online financial transactions. The plaintiff continues to proceed with discovery in the case. Online Resources disputes all the claims made by the plaintiff at this juncture, and does not anticipate any material liability from this lawsuit.
 
8.   INCOME TAXES
 
The Company incurred a current tax liability for federal income taxes resulting from alternative minimum tax (“AMT”), of approximately $0.3 million and $0.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. As a result of the AMT paid, the Company has approximately $1.5 million in AMT credits that can be used to offset regular income taxes when paid in the future. In addition, the Company incurred a current state tax liability of approximately $0.5 and $0.2 million for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.
 
At December 31, 2010, the Company has federal net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $66.3 million that expire at varying dates from 2021 to 2026, excluding approximately $19.0 million related to the exercise of stock options. The benefit of the stock compensation deductions will be recognized in shareholders equity when the net operating losses are realized and reduce income taxes payable.
 
As of December 31, 2010, the Company had state net operating loss carryforwards of $29.4 million. A valuation allowance of $1.6 million was recorded against the portion of these assets not expected to be utilized


64


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
prior to expiration. State income tax, net shown in the tax rate reconciliation included $0.1 million valuation allowance recorded in 2010 and a release of $0.0 million in 2009.
 
The timing and manner in which the Company may utilize the net operating loss carryforwards in subsequent tax years will be limited to the Company’s ability to generate future taxable income and, potentially, by the application of the ownership change rules under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code. The Company expects to utilize approximately $16.5 million of federal net operating loss carryforwards for the year ended December 31, 2010. While Section 382 limitations apply to the company, the limitations alone are not expected to result in the expiration of tax benefits should the company produce taxable income sufficient to utilize the loss carryforwards.
 
As of December 31, 2008, the Company had a recent history of operating profits. As a result of this positive earnings trend and projected taxable income over the next five years, the Company reversed approximately $1.9 million of its gross deferred tax asset valuation allowance in 2008; having determined that it was more likely than not that this portion of the deferred tax asset would be realized. This reversal resulted in recognition of an income tax benefit totaling $0.2 million. The remaining $1.7 million was related to valuation allowances accrued in purchase accounting and therefore did not benefit earnings when reversed. In addition, in 2008 the Company added a $0.3 million valuation allowance against certain deferred tax assets that are not more likely than not realizable. Should it become more likely than not that these deferred tax assets become realizable, all of the $0.3 million will benefit tax expense. The total valuation allowance as of December 31, 2010 is approximately $1.8 million.
 
Our estimates of future taxable income represent critical accounting estimates because such estimates are subject to change and a downward adjustment could have a significant impact on future earnings. Furthermore, the Company continues to evaluate its net deferred tax asset valuation allowance in regards to the likelihood of realization of the deferred tax assets. Included in the current portion of deferred tax asset are net operating losses forecasted to be utilized within the next twelve months. Actual amounts utilized could differ from these estimates.
 
Significant components of the Company’s net deferred tax assets are as follows (in thousands):
 
                 
    December 31,  
    2010     2009  
 
Deferred tax assets:
               
Net operating loss carryforwards
  $ 25,477     $ 32,311  
Deferred wages
    1,943       2,420  
Deferred revenue (net of deferred cost)
    1,005       1,005  
Deferred rent
    974       1,090  
Fixed assets
    1,508       878  
Other credits
    1,658       1,351  
Other deferred tax assets
    1,170       334  
                 
Total deferred tax assets
    33,735       39,389  
Valuation allowance for deferred tax assets
    (1,813 )     (1,690 )
Deferred liabilities:
               
Acquired intangible assets
    (5,493 )     (7,732 )
                 
Total deferred tax liabilities
    (5,493 )     (7,732 )
                 
Net deferred tax assets
  $ 26,429     $ 29,967  
                 
                 


65


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
The Internal Revenue Code limits the utilization of net operating losses when ownership changes occur, as defined by Section 382 of the code. Based on the Company’s analysis, a sufficient amount of net operating losses are available to offset the Company’s taxable income for the year ended December 31, 2010. In addition, during 2007 the Company has recognized a deferred tax asset with respect to a substantial portion of its net operating losses. The net deferred tax asset represents the amount of tax benefit that the Company currently believes it will, more likely than not, have taxable income against which to apply that benefit, likely within the next four years.
 
The following is a summary of the items that caused the income tax expense to differ from taxes computed using the statutory federal income tax rate for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008 (in thousands):
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
 
Tax expense at statutory Federal rate
  $ 2,987     $ 3,150     $ 1,052  
Effect of:
                       
State income tax, net
    516       150       190  
Other permanent differences, net
    (345 )     (3 )     (370 )
Deferred tax adjustment related to stock compensation
    245       860        
Other
    9       8       71  
(Decrease) increase in valuation allowance
          (30 )     232  
                         
Income tax expense (benefit)
  $ 3,412     $ 4,135     $ 1,175  
                         
Income tax expense consists of the following (in thousands):
                       
Current Expense
                       
Federal
  $ 306     $ 360     $ 317  
State
    635       207       80  
                         
      941       567       397  
                         
Deferred Expense
                       
Federal
    2,324       3,548       570  
State
    147       20       208  
                         
      2,471       3,568       778  
                         
Income tax expense (benefit)
  $ 3,412     $ 4,135     $ 1,175  
                         
                         
 
As of December 31, 2010 the company determined it has no material uncertain tax positions and no interest or penalties have been accrued.
 
The tax return years since 1999 in the Company’s major tax jurisdictions, both federal and various states, have not been audited and are not currently under audit. Due to the existence of tax attribute carryforwards, the Company treats certain post-1999 tax positions as unsettled due to the taxing authorities’ ability to modify these attributes. The Company does not have reason to expect any changes in the next twelve months regarding uncertain tax positions.
 
The Company estimates that it is reasonably possible that no reduction in unrecognized tax benefit may occur in the next twelve months due primarily to the expiration of the statute of limitations in various state and local jurisdictions. The Company does not currently estimate any material reasonably possible uncertain tax positions occurring within the next twelve month time frame.


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ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
9.   FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
 
Derivatives Instruments and Hedging Activities
 
Cash Flow Hedging Strategy
 
On March 30, 2007, the Company entered into an interest rate cap agreement (“2007 Hedge”) that protected the cash flows on designated one-month LIBOR-based interest payments beginning on April 3, 2007 through July 31, 2009. The counter party for the 2007 Hedge became insolvent during the third quarter of 2008. As such, the Company declared the 2007 Hedge to have no fair value and expensed the remaining fair value of the cash flow hedge and the unrealized losses previously recorded in other comprehensive income, totaling $0.1 million, through interest expense.
 
On October 17, 2008, the Company entered into an interest rate swap agreement, with a large commercial bank, to effectively swap the one-month LIBOR interest rate for a fixed interest rate equal to 2.9% plus 225 to 275 basis points based upon the ratio of the Company’s funded indebtedness to its EBITDA, through December 31, 2009. The interest rate swap was designated as a cash flow hedge and any unrealized gains or losses related to changes in the fair market value of the hedge were recorded in other comprehensive income until realized. The interest rate swap had a notional value of $75.4 million, the principal amount outstanding on our 2007 Notes (Notes) on December 31, 2008, the effective date. On November 30, 2009 the Company made a prepayment of $15 million toward its outstanding Notes. This prepayment caused a portion of the interest rate swap agreement to cease being a cash flow hedge. To the extent this agreement was no longer designated a cash flow hedge all gains or losses were recorded in the income statement. The Company recorded $1.8 million of interest expense for the year 2009 related to this interest rate swap agreement.
 
Theoretical Swap Derivative
 
The Company bifurcated the fair market value of the embedded derivative associated with the Series A-1 Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock (“Series A-1 Preferred Stock”) issued in conjunction with the Princeton eCom acquisition on July 3, 2006 in accordance with GAAP. The Company determined that the embedded derivative is defined as the right to receive a fixed rate of return on the accrued, but unpaid dividends and the variable negotiated rate, which creates a theoretical swap between the fixed rate of return on the accrued, but unpaid dividends and the variable rate actually accrued on the unpaid dividends. This embedded derivative is marked to market at the end of each reporting period through earnings and an adjustment to other assets. There is no active market quote available for the fair value of the embedded derivative. Thus, management measures fair value of the derivative by estimating future cash flows related to the asset using a forecasted iMoney Net First Tier rate based on the one-month LIBOR rate adjusted for the historical spread for the estimated period in which the Series A-1 Preferred Stock will be outstanding. The fair value of the theoretical swap derivative was $6.0 million at December 31, 2010 and $4.7 million at December 31, 2009 and included in other assets on the consolidated balance sheet. The Company recorded a reduction to other expense on the consolidated statements of operations of approximately $1.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 and $0.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 that reflected the change in fair value of the theoretical swap derivative in each period, respectively.
 
The following table presents the fair value of the theoretical swap derivative instrument included within the condensed consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2010 and 2009 (in thousands):
 
                         
    December 31,
  December 31,
  Balance Sheet
    2010   2009   Location
 
Asset Derivatives:
                       
Theoretical swap(1)
  $ 6,004     $ 4,668       Other assets  
 
 
(1) See Note 15, Fair Value Measurements, for a description of how the derivatives shown above are valued.


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ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
 
The following table presents the amounts affecting the condensed consolidated statement of operations for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 (in thousands):
 
                 
    Year Ended December 31,
Derivative Not Designated as Hedging Instrument:
  2010   2009
 
Amount of gain (loss) recognized in income on derivative, pre tax
  $ 1,336     $ 106  
 
                 
    Year Ended December 31,
Derivative Cash Flow Hedging Relationships:
  2010   2009
 
Amount of loss recognized in OCI on derivative, after tax
  $     $ 878  
Amount of loss reclassified from OCI into income, pre tax
  $     $ 1,788  
 
 
(1) See Note 14, Fair Value Measurements, for additional information. The gain (loss) recognized in income is included in interest expense.
 
 
Series A-1 Preferred Stock
 
The Company’s Series A-1 Preferred Stock is carried at its fair value at inception adjusted for accretion of unpaid dividends and interest accruing thereon, the 115% redemption price, the original fair value of the bifurcated embedded derivative, and the amortized portion of its original issuance costs, which approximates its redemption value. At December 31, 2010 its carrying value was $110.2 million. See Note 11, Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock, for a detailed explanation of the Series A-1 Preferred Stock.
 
ITS Price Protection
 
As part of the purchase consideration for ITS, the Company agreed to provide the former shareholders of ITS with price protection related to the 2,216,653 shares issued to them for a period of one year from the date the shares were issued, which was August 10, 2007 (the “Closing Date”). Under the protection, if the volume weighted average price of the Company’s shares for the 10 trading-day period ending two business days before the six, nine and twelve month anniversary dates of the Closing Date was less than $11.15, these shareholders had the right to ask us to restore them to a total value per share equal to the issuance price, either through the issuance of additional stock or through the repurchase of the stock issued as consideration.
 
On the six month anniversary date, which occurred during the first quarter of 2008, certain shareholders exercised their price protection rights. The Company acquired 189,917 common shares subject to the price protection for $2.1 million, including $0.1 million for the difference under the price protection. These shares are classified as treasury shares on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. In addition, the Company issued 25,209 shares of the Company’s common stock to shareholders who owned 497,751 shares and exercised their price protection rights in the first quarter of 2008.
 
On the nine month anniversary date, which occurred during the second quarter of 2008, the remaining shareholders exercised their price protection rights. The Company issued an additional 238,396 shares of the Company’s common stock to shareholders who owned 1,528,985 shares and exercised their price protection rights in the second quarter of 2008. As of December 31, 2008, all obligations under the price protection have been fulfilled.
 
This purchase price protection represents a stand-alone derivative which was included as part of the consideration issued for the acquisition. Using a trinomial tree model, the Company determined that the value of this option was $2.8 million as of July 26, 2007, the date the share issuance price was established, and recorded this amount in other current liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet. The liability was marked to market, each period, through the second quarter of 2008 until all rights were exercised and reflected changes


68


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
in the value of the option that were driven by share price, share price volatility and time to maturity. Interest expense of $1.7 million was recorded during 2008, before all rights had been exercised, related to the mark to market adjustment of the derivative. Since all rights had been exercised during the first half of 2008, the value of the option liability at December 31, 2008 is zero. The value of the remaining portion of the option, using the same trinomial tree model, was determined to have been $2.4 million at December 31, 2007.
 
10.   SENIOR SECURED NOTES
 
On February 21, 2007, the Company entered into an agreement with Bank of America to refinance its then existing debt with $85.0 million in senior secured notes (“2007 Notes”). The agreement also provides a $15 million revolver (“Revolver”) under which the Company can secure up to $5 million in letters of credit. Currently, there are no amounts outstanding under the Revolver, but available credit under the Revolver has been reduced by approximately $1.6 million as a result of letters of credit the bank has issued. The Company had made principal payments of $12.0 million on the 2007 Notes during the year ended December 31, 2010, reducing the outstanding principal from $48.8 million to $36.8 million. The Company will make principal payments each quarter until the 2007 Notes are due in 2012 as noted in the table below. On February 28, 2011, the Company made a voluntary payment of $4 million on the 2007 Notes.
 
The interest rate on both the Revolver and the 2007 Notes is the one-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) plus 225 to 275 basis points based upon the ratio of the Company’s funded indebtedness to its earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA,” as defined in the 2007 Notes), and it is payable monthly. At year end of 2010, the margin was 225 basis points and the average interest rate on the 2007 Notes for the year was 3.5%. The 2007 Notes and the Revolver are secured by the assets of the Company.
 
On November 30, 2009 the Company amended its 2007 Notes agreement. The Company made a voluntary $15 million prepayment against the notes and amended future payments. The Company expensed approximately $0.1 million of deferred credit facility costs related to this prepayment. The Company incurred costs of approximately $0.1 million related to the amended agreement and will amortize this amount over the remaining term of the credit facility.
 
Maturities of long-term debt for each of the next five years are as follows (in thousands):
 
         
    Maturing
 
Year
  Amounts  
 
2011
  $ 27,188  
2012
  $ 9,562  
2013
  $ 0  
2014
  $ 0  
2015
  $ 0  
 
11.   REDEEMABLE CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK
 
Series A-1 Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock
 
Pursuant to the restated certificate of incorporation, the Board of Directors has the authority, without further action by the stockholders, to issue up to 3,000,000 shares of preferred stock in one or more series. Of these 3,000,000 shares of preferred stock, 75,000 shares have been designated Series A-1. Subject to certain exceptions related to the amendment of the restated certificate of incorporation, the issuance of additional securities or debt or the payment of dividends, the Series A-1 Preferred votes as a single class and on an as converted basis with the common stock.


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ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Shares of the Series A-1 Preferred Stock are initially convertible into common shares at a rate of $16.22825 per share, or 4,621,570 shares in the aggregate. Although the Series A-1 Preferred Stock shares have anti-dilution protection, in no event can the number of shares of common stock issued upon conversion of the Series A-1 Preferred Stock exceed 5,102,986 common shares. The anti-dilution protection of the Series A-1 Preferred Stock is based on the weighted average price of shares issued below the conversion price, provided that (a) shares issued in connection with compensatory equity grants, (b) shares issued above $12.9826 and (c) other issuances as set forth in the certificate of designations of the Series A-1 Preferred Stock are excluded from the anti-dilution protections of the Series A-1 Preferred Stock.
 
The Series A-1 Preferred Stock has a redemption value of 115% of the face value of the stock, on or after seven years from the date of issuance, or July 3, 2013. The Company accounts for the securities by accreting to its expected redemption value over the period from the date of issuance to the first expected redemption date. The Company recognized $1.6 million, for each of the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, to adjust for the redemption value at maturity.
 
The Series A-1 Preferred Stock has a feature that grants holders the right to receive interest-like returns on accrued, but unpaid, dividends that accumulate at 8% per annum. This 8% per annum increase is convertible into shares of common stock, subject to the conversion limit noted above; however the Corporation has the right to pay the 8% per annum increase in cash in lieu of conversion into common stock. For each of the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, $6.0 million of preferred stock accretion was recognized in the consolidated statements of operations, for the 8% per annum cumulative dividends. The right to receive the accrued, but unpaid dividends is based on a variable interest rate, and as such the difference between the fixed and variable rate of returns is a theoretical swap derivative. The Company bifurcates this feature and accretes it to the Series A-1 Preferred Stock over the life of the security. For the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, $1.2 million, $0.9 million and $0.6 million, respectively, of preferred stock accretion expense was recognized for the theoretical swap derivative in the consolidated statement of operations.
 
Shares of Series A-1 Preferred Stock are subject to put and call rights following the seventh anniversary of their issuance for an amount equal to 115% of the original issuance price plus the 8% per annum increase with the interest factor thereon. The Corporation can require the conversion of the Series A-1 Preferred Stock prior to the seventh anniversary if the 30 day weighted closing price per share of the Corporation’s common stock is at least 165% of the initial conversion price.
 
Finally, the cost to issue the Series A-1 Preferred Stock of $5.1 million is accreted, over a seven year period or through July 2013, back to the redemption value of the Series A-1 Preferred Stock and generated an additional $0.7 million of preferred stock accretion, in the consolidated statements of operations, for each of the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008.
 
Series B Preferred Stock
 
In connection with the adoption of a stockholders rights plan that was implemented on January 11, 2002, the Company, through a certificate of designation that became effective on December 24, 2001, authorized 297,500 shares of Series B Junior Participating Preferred Stock (“Series B Preferred Stock”). The stockholders rights plan has been terminated and no shares of Series B stock will be issued.


70


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
12.   NET (LOSS) INCOME AVAILABLE TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS PER SHARE
 
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net income (loss) available to common stockholders per share (in thousands, except per share amounts):
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
 
Net (loss) income available to stockholders
  $ (4,184 )   $ (4,078 )   $ (6,954 )
Weighted average shares outstanding used in calculation of net income (loss) per share:
                       
Basic
    30,954       29,947       29,111  
Dilutive options
                 
                         
Diluted
    30,954       29,947       29,111  
                         
Net (loss) income available to common stockholders per share:
                       
Basic
  $ (0.14 )   $ (0.14 )   $ (0.24 )
Diluted
  $ (0.14 )   $ (0.14 )   $ (0.24 )
 
Due to their anti-dilutive effects, outstanding shares from the conversion of the Convertible Preferred Stock, stock options and restricted stock units to purchase 8,023,623, 8,332,932 and 7,402,367 shares of common stock at December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively, were excluded from the computation of diluted net income available to common stockholders per share.
 
13.   EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS
 
Employee Savings and Retirement Plan
 
The Company has a 401(k) plan that allows eligible employees to contribute up to but not exceed limits set by law. The Company has total discretion about whether to make an employer contribution to the plan and the amount of the employer contribution. After February 2009, the Company did not match employee contributions to the 401(k) plan. Expenses related to the 401(k) employee contribution match were $0 million, $0.1 million, and $0.7 million, respectively, for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009, and 2008, respectively. The Company incurred expenses of $0, $9,690 and $0 for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009, and 2008, respectively.
 
Employee Stock Purchase Plan
 
The Company has an employee stock purchase plan for all eligible employees to purchase shares of common stock at 95% of the fair market value on the last day of each three-month offering period. Employees may authorize the Company to withhold up to 10% of their compensation during any offering period, subject to certain limitations. The employee stock purchase plan authorizes up to 400,000 shares to be granted. During the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, 32,471, 40,906 and 24,174 shares were issued under the plan at an average price of $4.07, $4.90 and $8.14 per share, respectively. At December 31, 2010, 65,467 shares were reserved for future issuance.
 
14.   EQUITY COMPENSATION PLANS
 
At December 31, 2010, the Company had two stock-based employee compensation plans, which are described more fully below. The compensation expense for stock-based compensation was $2.9 million, $4.2 million and $4.7 million for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively.


71


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
A portion of the stock based compensation cost has been capitalized as part of software development costs and deferred costs. For the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008 approximately $0.1 million, $0.2 million and $0.2 million, respectively, was capitalized.
 
At the beginning of each year, the Management Development and Compensation (“MD&C”) Committee of the Board of Directors approves a bonus plan for the Company’s management. These plans grant a combination of cash and restricted stock units that vest based upon the attainment of approved corporate goals. On May 20, 2008 and December 10, 2008, the Company modified its 2008 Bonus Plans. At these times, the MD&C Committee approved the modifications to the 2008 bonus plans. In modifying the 2008 bonus plan, the Company recognized $0.1 million and $0.4 million, respectively, in total incremental compensation cost as a result of these modifications.
 
In December 2009, Mr. Lawlor retired from his position as chief executive officer. The company has recorded a reduction to stock based compensation expense of approximately $0.2 million related to forfeited equity awards and revised estimated forfeiture rates for certain other executives.
 
Restricted Stock and Option Plans
 
During 1999, the Company adopted the 1999 Stock Option Plan (the “1999 Plan”), which permits the granting of both incentive stock options and nonqualified stock options to employees, directors and consultants. The aggregate number of new shares that can be granted under the 1999 Plan is 5,858,331. The option exercise price under the 1999 Plan cannot be less than the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant. The vesting period of the options is determined by the Board of Directors and is generally four years. Outstanding options expire after seven to ten years.
 
In May 2005, the stockholders approved the 2005 Restricted Stock and Option Plan, which permits the granting of restricted stock units and awards, stock appreciation rights, incentive stock options and non-statutory stock options to employees, directors and consultants. In May of 2008, the stockholders approved the 2005 Amended and Restated Restricted Stock and Option Plan (“2005 Plan”), which increased the number of authorized shares under the 2005 Plan from 1,700,000 to 3,500,000. The vesting period of the options and restricted stock is determined by the Board of Directors and is generally one to three years. Outstanding options expire no later than ten years from the date the award is granted. The amended 2005 Plan was filed by the Company on Form 8-K with the SEC on April 22, 2008.
 
In November 2009 the stockholders approved an amendment to the 2005 Restricted Stock and Option Plan, increasing the number of shares reserved under the plan from 3,500,000 to 4,300,000 and increasing the number of permitted full value awards under the plan from 2,625,000 to 3,425,000.
 
Stock Options
 
The fair value of each option award is estimated on the date of grant using a Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing formula that uses the assumptions noted in the table and discussion that follows:
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,
    2010   2009   2008
 
Dividend yield
                 
Expected volatility
    62 %     62 %     51 %
Risk-free interest rate
    2.75 %     1.9 %     3.37 %
Expected life in years
    6.4       5.8       5.8  
 
Dividend Yield.  The Company has never declared or paid dividends and has no plans to do so in the foreseeable future.


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ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Expected Volatility.  Volatility is a measure of the amount by which a financial variable, such as a share price, has fluctuated (historical daily volatility) or is expected to fluctuate (expected volatility) during a period. The Company uses the historical average daily volatility over the average expected term of the options granted.
 
Risk-Free Interest Rate.  This is the average U.S. Treasury rate for the week of each option grant during the period having a term that most closely resembles the expected term of the option.
 
Expected Life of Option Term.  Expected life of option term is the period of time that the options granted are expected to remain unexercised. Options granted during the period have a maximum term of seven to ten years. The Company uses historical expected terms with further consideration given to the class of employees to whom the equity awards were granted to estimate the expected life of the option term.
 
Forfeiture Rate.  Forfeiture rate is the estimated percentage of equity awards granted that are expected to be forfeited or canceled on an annual basis before becoming fully vested. The Company estimates forfeiture rates for non-executive employees based on past turnover data ranging for the previous five quarters with further consideration given to the class of employees to whom the equity awards were granted.
 
A summary of option activity under the 1999 and 2005 Plans as of December 31, 2010, and changes in the period then ended is presented below (in thousands, except exercise price and remaining contract term data):
 
                                 
                Weighted-
       
          Weighted-
    Average
       
          Average
    Remaining
    Aggregate
 
          Exercise
    Contract
    Intrinsic
 
    Shares     Price     Term     Value  
 
Outstanding at January 1, 2010
    3,254     $ 5.52                  
Granted
    281     $ 4.64                  
Exercised
    (480 )   $ 3.03                  
Forfeited or expired
    (543 )   $ 7.75                  
                                 
Outstanding at December 31, 2010
    2,512     $ 5.41       3.17     $ 2,175  
                                 
Vested or expected to vest at December 31, 2010
    2,504     $ 5.41       3.16     $ 2,172  
Exercisable at December 31, 2010
    1,916     $ 5.64       2.39     $ 1,867  
 
At December 31, 2010, approximately 2,246,000 stock options were outstanding under the 1999 or 2005 Plans. Additionally, approximately 266,000 stock options were granted outside the Company’s plans during the second quarter of 2010 to the Company’s CEO as an inducement to join the Company.
 
The weighted-average grant-date fair value of options granted during the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008 was $2.80, $2.01 and $5.30 per share, respectively. In the table above, the total intrinsic value is calculated as the difference between the market price of the Company’s stock on the last trading day of the quarter and the exercise price of the options. For options exercised, intrinsic value is calculated as the difference between the market price on the date of exercise and the grant price. The intrinsic value of options exercised in the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008 was $0.7 million, $0.5 million and $1.7 million, respectively.
 
As of December 31, 2010, there was $1.0 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to stock options granted. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.7 years.
 
Cash received from option exercises under all share-based payment arrangements for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008 was $1.5 million, $0.8 million and $0.8 million, respectively. The tax benefits related to the deductions from option exercises of the shares-based payment arrangements will be


73


 

ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
recognized when those deductions, currently being carried forward as net operating losses, reduce taxes payable.
 
Restricted Stock Units
 
A summary of the Company’s non-vested restricted stock units as of December 31, 2010, and changes for the year then ended, is presented below (in thousands, except grant-date fair value data):
 
                 
          Weighted-
 
          Average
 
          Grant-Date
 
    Shares     Fair Value  
 
Non-vested at January 1, 2010
    1,523     $ 5.07  
Granted
    1,046       4.70  
Vested
    (805 )     4.53  
Forfeited
    (630 )     5.48  
                 
Non-vested at December 31, 2010
    1,134       4.88  
                 
 
At December 31, 2010, there were approximately 762,000 shares of non-vested restricted stock units under the 2005 Plan. Additionally, approximately 321,000 restricted stock units were granted outside the Company’s plans during the second quarter of 2010 to the Company’s CEO as inducement to join the Company and approximately 51,000 restricted stock units were granted outside the Company’s plans during the fourth quarter to certain executive management as inducement to join the Company.
 
The fair value of non-vested units is determined based on the closing trading price of the Company’s shares on the grant date. As of December 31, 2010, there was $2.6 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested restricted stock units granted. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.2 years.
 
During the fourth quarter of 2008, certain Company management elected to receive approximately 160,000 shares of restricted stock units that vested ratably each month of the fourth quarter of 2008, in lieu of cash compensation of approximately $0.6 million. In addition, certain members of the Company’s Board of Directors elected to receive approximately 23,500 shares of restricted stock units that vested ratably in each month of the fourth quarter of 2008, in lieu of cash compensation of approximately $0.1 million.
 
In 2009 the Company elected to pay approximately 43,000 shares of restricted stock units for employees’ commissions in lieu of cash compensation of approximately $0.2 million.
 
15.   FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
 
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. In addition, fair value should be the exit price, or price received to sell the asset or liability as opposed to the entry price, or price paid to acquire an asset or assume a liability.
 
The following is a hierarchy used for measuring fair value. The hierarchy prioritizes inputs for valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three categories:
 
(1) Level 1 inputs, which are considered the most reliable, are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
 
(2) Level 2 inputs are those that are observable in the market place, either directly or indirectly for the asset or liability.


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ONLINE RESOURCES CORPORATION
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
(3) Level 3 inputs are unobservable due to unavailability and as such the entity’s own assumptions are used.
 
The tables below show how the Company categorizes certain financial assets and liabilities based on the types of inputs used in valuation techniques for measuring fair value:
 
                                 
    Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2010  
    Quoted
                   
    Prices in
                   
    Active
    Significant
             
    Markets for
    Other
    Significant
       
    Identical
    Observable
    Unobservable
       
    Assets
    Inputs
    Inputs
       
 
  (Level 1)     (Level 2)     (Level 3)     Total  
 
Financial assets (in thousands):
                               
Merrill Lynch Institutional Fund
  $ 12,162     $     $     $ 12,162  
Theoretical swap derivative(1)
                6,004       6,004  
                                 
    $ 12,162     $     $ 6,004     $ 18,166  
                                 
                                 
 
                                 
    Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2009  
    Quoted
                   
    Prices in
                   
    Active
    Significant
             
    Markets for
    Other
    Significant
       
    Identical
    Observable
    Unobservable
       
    Assets
    Inputs
    Inputs
       
 
  (Level 1)     (Level 2)     (Level 3)     Total  
 
Financial assets (in thousands):
                               
Merrill Lynch Institutional Fund
  $ 7,623     $     $     $ 7,623