10-K 1 d616392d10k.htm FORM 10-K Form 10-K
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K

 

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d)OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended September 28, 2013

Commission File Number 1-33268

CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   68-0275553
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)   (IRS Employer Identification Number)

 

 

1340 Treat Boulevard, Suite 600, Walnut Creek, California 94597

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

Telephone Number: (925) 948-4000

SECURITIES REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OF THE ACT:

 

Title of Each Class

 

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common Stock

Class A Common Stock

 

Nasdaq

Nasdaq

SECURITIES REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(g) OF THE ACT: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large Accelerated Filer  ¨

   Accelerated Filer  x

Non-Accelerated Filer  ¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

   Smaller Reporting Company  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

At March 30, 2013, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s Common Stock, Class A Common Stock and Class B Stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $90.7 million, $257.1 million and $53,900, respectively.

At December 1, 2013, the number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s Common Stock was 12,246,751 and the number of shares of Class A Common Stock was 35,385,956. In addition, on such date, the registrant had outstanding 1,652,262 shares of its Class B Stock, which are convertible into Common Stock on a share-for-share basis.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Definitive Proxy Statement for the Company’s 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders – Part III of this Form 10-K.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

Central Garden & Pet Company Index to Annual Report on Form 10-K

For the fiscal year ended September 28, 2013

 

          Page  
PART I   
Item 1.   

Business

     1   
Item 1A.   

Risk Factors.

     14   
Item 1B.   

Unresolved Staff Comments

     23   
Item 2.   

Properties

     23   
Item 3.   

Legal Proceedings

     25   
Item 4.   

Mine Safety Disclosures

     25   
PART II   
Item 5.    Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities      26   
Item 6.   

Selected Financial Data

     29   
Item 7.   

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     31   
Item 7A.   

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk

     46   
Item 8.   

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

     47   
Item 9.   

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

     48   
Item 9A.   

Controls and Procedures

     48   
Item 9B.   

Other Information

     48   
PART III   
Item 10.   

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

     48   
Item 11.   

Executive Compensation

     48   
Item 12.    Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters      49   
Item 13.   

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

     49   
Item 14.   

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

     49   
PART IV   
Item 15.   

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

     49   

 

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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Form 10-K includes “forward-looking statements.” Forward-looking statements include statements concerning our plans, objectives, goals, strategies, future events, future revenues or performance, projected cost savings, capital expenditures, financing needs, plans or intentions relating to acquisitions, our competitive strengths and weaknesses, our business strategy and the trends we anticipate in the industry and economies in which we operate and other information that is not historical information. When used in this Form 10-K, the words “estimates,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “projects,” “plans,” “intends,” “believes” and variations of such words or similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, our examination of historical operating trends, are based upon our current expectations and various assumptions. Our expectations, beliefs and projections are expressed in good faith, and we believe there is a reasonable basis for them, but we cannot assure you that our expectations, beliefs and projections will be realized.

There are a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-K. Important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements we make in this Form 10-K are set forth in this Form 10-K, including the factors described in the section entitled “Item 1A – Risk Factors.” If any of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or if any of our underlying assumptions are incorrect, our actual results may differ significantly from the results that we express in or imply by any of our forward-looking statements. We do not undertake any obligation to revise these forward-looking statements to reflect future events or circumstances. Presently known risk factors include, but are not limited to, the following factors:

 

   

disruptions in our business arising from the implementation of our transformational change initiatives and the resulting consequences to our business and results of operations;

 

   

increased costs and expenses associated with our transformational change initiatives;

 

   

seasonality and fluctuations in our operating results and cash flow;

 

   

fluctuations in market prices for seeds and grains and other raw materials;

 

   

our inability to pass through cost increases in a timely manner;

 

   

risks associated with innovation, including the risk that our new product innovations will not produce sufficient sales to recoup our investment;

 

   

declines in consumer spending during economic downturns;

 

   

inflation, deflation and other adverse macro-economic conditions;

 

   

supply shortages in small animals and pet birds;

 

   

adverse weather conditions;

 

   

fluctuations in energy prices, fuel and related petrochemical costs;

 

   

access to and cost of additional capital;

 

   

dependence on a small number of customers for a significant portion of our business;

 

   

consolidation trends in the retail industry;

 

   

competition in our industries;

 

   

risks associated with our acquisition strategy;

 

   

potential goodwill or intangible asset impairment;

 

   

dependence upon our key executives;

 

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implementation of a new enterprise resource planning information technology system;

 

   

our ability to protect our intellectual property rights;

 

   

potential environmental liabilities;

 

   

risk associated with international sourcing;

 

   

litigation and product liability claims;

 

   

regulatory issues;

 

   

the impact of product recalls;

 

   

potential costs and risks associated with actual or anticipated cyber attacks;

 

   

the voting power associated with our Class B stock; and

 

   

potential dilution from issuance of authorized shares.

 

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MARKET, RANKING AND OTHER DATA

The data included in this Form 10-K regarding markets and ranking, including the size of certain markets and our position and the position of our competitors and products within these markets, are based on both independent industry publications, including Packaged Facts, Lawn & Garden Products in the U.S. 2012; Packaged Facts, U.S. Pet Market Outlook, 2013-2014; Packaged Facts Pet Food in the U.S. 10th Edition; American Pet Products Association (APPA) National Pet Owners Survey 2013-2014; U.S. Census Bureau and our estimates based on management’s knowledge and experience in the markets in which we operate. Our estimates have been based on information provided by customers, suppliers, trade and business organizations and other contacts in the markets in which we operate. We believe these estimates to be accurate as of the date of this Form 10-K. However, this information may prove to be inaccurate because of the method by which we obtained some of the data for our estimates or because this information cannot always be verified with complete certainty due to the limits on the availability and reliability of raw data, the voluntary nature of the data gathering process and other limitations and uncertainties inherent in a survey of market size. As a result, you should be aware that market, ranking and other similar data included in this Form 10-K, and estimates and beliefs based on that data, may not be reliable.

 

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PART I

Item 1. Business

Business

Our Company

Central Garden & Pet Company (“Central”) is a leading innovator, marketer and producer, of quality branded products and distributor of third-party products. We are one of the largest suppliers in the pet and lawn and garden supplies industries in the United States. The total pet food and supplies industry is estimated to be over $30 billion in annual retail sales. We estimate the annual retail sales of the pet supplies and super premium pet food markets in the categories in which we participate to be approximately $19.5 billion. The total lawn and garden industry in the United States, which includes equipment, supplies and services, is estimated to be approximately $21 billion in annual retail sales. We estimate the annual retail sales of the lawn and garden supplies markets in the categories in which we participate to be approximately $6 billion. In addition, we participate in the pottery and seasonal décor markets.

Our pet supplies products include products for dogs and cats, including edible bones, premium healthy edible and non-edible chews, super premium dog and cat food and treats, toys, pet carriers, grooming supplies and other accessories; products for birds, small animals and specialty pets, including food, cages and habitats, toys, chews and related accessories; animal and household health and insect control products; products for fish, reptiles and other aquarium-based pets, including aquariums, furniture and lighting fixtures, pumps, filters, water conditioners, food and supplements, and information and knowledge resources; and products for horses and livestock. These products are sold under the master brands including AdamsTM, Aqueon®, Avoderm®, BioSpot®, Farnam®, Four Paws®, Kaytee®, Nylabone®, Pinnacle®, TFHTM, Zilla® as well as a number of other brands including Altosid, Comfort Zone®, Coralife®, Interpet, Kent Marine®, Oceanic Systems®, Pet Select®, Pre-Strike®, Super Pet®, and Zodiac®.

Our lawn and garden supplies products include proprietary and non-proprietary grass seed; wild bird feed, bird feeders, bird houses and other birding accessories; weed, grass, ant and other herbicide, insecticide and pesticide products; and decorative outdoor lifestyle and lighting products including pottery, trellises and other wood products and holiday lighting. These products are sold under the master brands AMDRO®, GKI/Bethlehem Lighting®, Ironite®, Pennington®, and Sevin®, as well as a number of other brand names including Grant’s®, Lilly Miller®, Matthews Four SeasonsTM, New England Pottery®, Norcal Pottery®, Over-N-Out®, Smart Seed® and The Rebels®.

In fiscal 2013, our consolidated net sales were $1.7 billion, of which our Pet segment, or Pet, accounted for approximately $888 million and our Lawn and Garden segment, or Garden, accounted for approximately $765 million. Fiscal 2013 included one less week than fiscal 2012. In fiscal 2013, our income from operations before corporate expenses and eliminations of $64 million was $104 million, of which the Pet segment accounted for $96 million and the Garden segment accounted for $8 million. See Note 19 to our consolidated financial statements for financial information about our two operating segments.

We were incorporated in Delaware in June 1992 as the successor to a California corporation that was formed in 1955. Our executive offices are located at 1340 Treat Boulevard, Suite 600, Walnut Creek, California 94597, and our telephone number is (925) 948-4000. Our website is www.central.com. The information on our website is not incorporated by reference in this annual report.

Recent Developments

Fiscal 2013 Operating Performance. Our operating earnings decreased 46% and we incurred a net loss for the fiscal year due primarily to our Garden segment which was impacted by both a charge for the costs related to certain new products introduced during fiscal 2013 that did not sell through as expected and a goodwill impairment charge.

 

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Financial summary:

 

   

Net sales for fiscal 2013 decreased $46.4 million, or 2.7%, to $1,653.6 million. Our Garden segment sales decreased 0.5%, and our Pet segment sales decreased 4.6%. Fiscal 2013 and fiscal 2012 were 52 and 53 week years, respectively.

 

   

Gross margin decreased 210 basis points in fiscal 2013 to 28.1%, from 30.2% in 2012.

 

   

Our operating earnings decreased $34.2 million, or 46.0%, to $40.2 million in fiscal 2013, and decreased as a percentage of net sales to 2.4% from 4.4%. Garden segment operating earnings were impacted by an $11.2 million charge related to certain new products introduced in fiscal 2013 and a $7.7 million noncash goodwill impairment charge.

 

   

We incurred a net loss in fiscal 2013 of $1.9 million, or $0.04 per share on a diluted basis. Net earnings in fiscal 2012 were $21.2 million, or $0.44 per share on a diluted basis.

 

   

Our net cash used in operating activities was $28.3 million during fiscal 2013. In fiscal 2012, we had $89.2 million of cash provided by operating activities. Our cash and short term investments at September 28, 2013 were approximately $33 million, compared with approximately $71 million at September 29, 2012.

Leadership Change. In February 2013, John Ranelli was elected President and Chief Executive Officer. William E. Brown resigned as Chief Executive Officer, but continued as Chairman.

Asset Backed Loan Facility. On December 5, 2013, we entered into a Credit Agreement which provides for a $390 million principal amount senior secured asset based revolving credit facility, with up to an additional $200 million principal amount available with the consent of the Lenders if the Company exercises the accordion feature set forth therein (collectively, the “Credit Facility”). The Credit Facility matures on December 5, 2018. The Company may borrow, repay and reborrow amounts under the Credit Facility until its maturity date, at which time all amounts outstanding under the Credit Facility must be repaid in full.

The Credit Facility is subject to a borrowing base, calculated using a formula based upon eligible receivables and inventory minus certain reserves and subject to restrictions. We did not draw down under the Credit Facility upon closing. Borrowings under the Credit Facility will bear interest at an index based on LIBOR or, at the option of the Company, the Base Rate (defined as the highest of (a) the SunTrust prime rate, (b) the Federal Funds Rate plus 0.5% and (c) one-month LIBOR plus 1.00%), plus, in either case, an applicable margin based on our total outstanding borrowings. The applicable margin for LIBOR-based borrowings fluctuates between 1.25%-1.75% (and was 1.25% at the time of closing) and the applicable margin for Base Rate borrowings fluctuates between 0.25%-0.75% (and was 0.25% at closing).

Organizational Change. In fiscal 2011 and 2012, we were focused on transforming the Company from a portfolio of separately run businesses into an integrated, multi-brand company.

During fiscal 2013, we adopted a more balanced approach to improving profitability through a focus on increasing sales and improving margins, providing superior customer service, delivering innovative new products and building our master brands. We expect to continue this balanced approach in the future and to continue to focus on eliminating inefficiencies and improving what is not working as planned.

Competitive Strengths

We believe we have the following competitive strengths, which serve as the foundation of our business strategy:

 

   

Market Leadership Positions Built on a Strong Brand Portfolio. We are one of the leaders in the premium branded U.S. pet supplies market and in the U.S. consumer lawn and garden supplies market. We have a diversified portfolio of brands, many of which we believe are among the leading brands in their respective U.S. market categories. The majority of our brands have been marketed and sold for more than 25 years.

 

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History of Innovative New Products and Customer Service. We continuously seek to introduce new products at a reasonable cost, both as complementary extensions of existing product lines and as new product categories. Our company received a number of awards over the last three years. The National Agri-Marketing Association (NAMA) recognized our professional products group for outstanding marketing communications for the new product introduction of Centynal. The Pet segment received a Product of the Year award for the Adams Smart Shield innovation as well as a W3 Award in the Consumer Goods category for the Adams website, and PetSmart Vendor of the Year in Canada for Specialty (Aquatics, Small Animal and Pet Bird).

 

   

Strong Relationships with Retailers. We have developed strong relationships with major and independent retailers through product innovation, premium brands, broad product offerings, proprietary sales and logistics capabilities and a high level of customer service. Major retailers value the efficiency of dealing with suppliers with national scope and strong brands. These strengths have made us one of the largest pet supplies vendors to PetSmart, PETCO and Wal*Mart and among the largest lawn and garden supplies vendors to Wal*Mart, Home Depot and Lowe’s. In 2013, Wal*Mart named us its Outdoor Living Supplier of the Year and awarded us the People Award for its home division. Also in 2013, we earned PETCO’s 2013 Best Business Performance Award for Aqueon & Zilla brands. In 2012, we were named the Wal*Mart Home Division Replenishment Team of the Year and in 2011, we were named Home Depot’s Partner of the Year in the Outdoor Garden Category and the Ace Hardware Lawn & Garden Vendor of the Year. Our ability to service large retailers, to meet their unique needs for packaging and point of sale displays and to offer new innovative products provides us with a competitive advantage. Independent retailers value our high level of customer service and broad array of premium branded products. We are a leading supplier to independent pet supplies retailers in the United States.

 

   

Favorable Long-Term Industry Characteristics. The pet and lawn and garden supplies markets in the U.S. have grown and are expected to continue to grow over the long-term due to favorable demographic and leisure trends. The key demographics bolstering our markets are the growth rates in the number of children under 18 and the number of adults over age 55. Households with children tend to own more pets, and adults over 55 are more likely to be “empty nesters” that keep pets as companions and have more disposable income and leisure time available for both pets and garden activities. According to the 2013-2014 APPA National Pet Owners Survey, the number of U.S. pet owners in recent years has reached record highs, with 82.5 million households, or 68%, owning a pet.

 

   

Sales and Logistics Networks. We are a leading supplier to independent specialty retailers for the pet and lawn and garden supplies markets through our sales and logistics networks. We believe our sales and logistics networks give us a significant competitive advantage over other suppliers. These networks provide us with key access to independent pet specialty retail stores and retail lawn and garden customers that require two-step distribution for our branded products facilitating:

 

   

acquisition and maintenance of premium shelf placement;

 

   

prompt product replenishment;

 

   

customization of retailer programs;

 

   

quick responses to changing customer and retailer preferences;

 

   

rapid deployment and feedback for new products; and

 

   

immediate exposure for new internally developed and acquired brands.

We plan to continue to utilize our team of dedicated sales people and our sales and logistics networks to expand sales of our branded products.

 

   

Experienced and Incentivized Management Team. Our senior management team has significant experience in the consumer goods, pet, and lawn and garden supplies industries. John R. Ranelli, our President, Chief Executive Officer and President – Pet Segment, has extensive experience leading mid-

 

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to large-sized consumer companies. William E. Brown, our Chairman, has over 30 years of industry experience. Mr. Brown also owns approximately 13% of our outstanding stock.

Business Strategy

Our objective is to increase market share, revenue, and cash flow by enhancing our position as one of the leading companies in the U.S. pet supplies and lawn and garden supplies industries. To achieve our objective, we plan to capitalize on our strengths and favorable industry trends by implementing the following key elements of our business strategy:

 

   

Balanced Organizational Change. During fiscal 2013, we adopted a balanced approach to improving profitability through a focus on increasing sales and improving margins, providing superior customer service and innovative new products while improving our operations and reducing costs. We expect to continue this balanced approach in the future and to continue to focus on profit, our customers, and eliminating inefficiencies.

 

   

Build Existing Brands. With our broad product assortment, strong brand names, strong sell-through and innovative products and packaging, we believe we can further strengthen our relationships with existing retailers to increase shelf space and sales. Under our master branding strategy, we are moving to consolidate certain brands and expand others. We are utilizing some of our strongest brands to drive new products and brand extensions as we did during fiscal 2013 with our Nylabone brand’s introduction of the Advanced Oral Care line and NutriDent Complete Dental Chews to fight tartar and freshen breath. We believe that the strength of our major customers provides us with a solid foundation for future growth. We intend to gain market share in the home centers, mass market, grocery, specialty pet store and independent channels. We intend to add new retailers through marketing and sales personnel dedicated to these channels, as well as our innovative product introductions and packaging. We will continue to focus on using our sales and logistics network to emphasize sales of our higher margin, proprietary brands and to use efficient supply chain capabilities that enable us to provide retailers with high service levels and consistent in-stock positions.

 

   

Continue New Product and Packaging Innovation. We will continue to build and leverage the strength of our leading brand names by introducing innovative new products and packaging, extending existing product lines and entering new product categories. Our product strategy seeks to capitalize on fulfilling consumer needs, leveraging our strong brand names, utilizing our established customer relationships and continuing our history of product innovation.

 

   

Improve Margins. We believe there are opportunities to improve our gross and operating margins through increased sales of our higher margin, innovative branded products, timely price increases and cost reductions and leveraging our existing infrastructure. Since fiscal 2004, we have continued to consolidate our sales and logistics centers, made capital improvements and consolidated some of our manufacturing facilities to reduce costs and improve manufacturing efficiencies. We have reduced the number of sales and logistics warehouses from 34 in 2008 to 28 at the end of fiscal 2013. Although gross margins improved from fiscal 2004 through fiscal 2010, they have declined significantly since then as we continued to experience the impact of the rising costs of raw materials and costs associated with our transformational change initiatives. During fiscal 2013, we conducted a systematic review of pricing in our Pet segment and selectively raised prices consistent with market conditions. We will continue to work with our key retail partners to implement appropriate price increases on our products as we strive to strike the right balance between pricing and delivering value to the consumer.

 

   

Pursue Strategic Acquisitions. We plan to continue to make selected strategic acquisitions of branded product companies that complement our existing brands and product offerings. Management has substantial experience in acquiring branded products companies. By leveraging our marketing, manufacturing and sales and logistics capabilities, we believe we can increase the sales and improve the operating efficiencies of acquired companies. We look for companies with the potential to have the top one or two brands in their respective categories. The characteristics we generally seek when

 

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evaluating target companies are strong brand names, high quality and innovative product offerings, an experienced management team and a history of organic earnings growth.

 

   

Reduce Our Investment In Working Capital. We believe there are opportunities to reduce our investment in working capital over the long term by focusing on specific balance sheet metrics. In particular, we believe that the improvement in our fill rates as a result of tighter linkage between our businesses and supply chain will enable us to substantially reduce our investment in inventory without compromising the level of the service we provide to our customers.

Products – General

The following table indicates each class of similar products which represented more than 10% of our consolidated net sales in the fiscal years presented (in millions).

 

Category

   2013      2012      2011  

Pet supplies (excluding wild bird feed)

   $ 807.4       $ 847.1       $ 773.1   

Garden controls and fertilizer products

     274.9         281.7         260.0   

Wild bird feed

     210.8         205.1         197.5   

Other garden supplies

     183.5         185.7         212.1   

Grass seed

     177.0         180.4         185.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,653.6       $ 1,700.0       $ 1,628.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Pet Segment

Overview

We are one of the leading marketers and producers of premium branded pet supplies in the United States. In addition, our Pet segment operates one of the largest sales and logistics networks in the industry strategically supporting its brands. In fiscal 2013, the Pet segment accounted for $888 million of our consolidated net sales and $96 million of our consolidated income from operations before corporate expenses and eliminations.

Industry Background

According to the 2013-2014 APPA National Pet Owners Survey, U.S. pet ownership is at its highest level, with 82.5 million households, or 68%, owning a pet.

The pet industry includes food, supplies, veterinarian care and services and live animals. We operate primarily in the pet supplies segment of the industry. This segment includes: products for dogs and cats, including edible bones, premium healthy edible and non-edible chews, toys, pet carriers, grooming supplies and other accessories; products for birds, small animals and specialty pets, including food, cages and habitats, toys, chews and related accessories; animal and household health and insect control products; products for fish, reptiles and other aquarium-based pets, including aquariums, furniture and lighting fixtures, pumps, filters, water conditioners and supplements, and information and knowledge resources; and products for horses and livestock. According to Packaged Facts, Pet food and supplies in 2017 are expected to total approximately $39.3 billion, an increase from approximately $31.5 billion in 2010. We also operate in the super premium category of dog and cat food and treats. Packaged Facts estimates the total pet food market to be approximately $24.7 billion in 2017. We believe the pet food market is experiencing an upscale thrust, featuring products that are natural, functional and address specific dietary needs of animals, primarily dogs and cats. We estimate the current applicable market opportunity for the high-end, premium and super-premium dog and cat food and treats to be approximately $8 billion.

We believe this growth is due in significant part to favorable demographic and leisure trends, which we expect to continue, albeit potentially at a slower rate due to recessionary pressures in the broader U.S. economy. The key demographics bolstering the U.S. pet supplies market are the growth rates in the number of children

 

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under 18 and the number of adults over age 55. According to 2010 U.S. census data, approximately 40% of the population is 45 years or older. Households with children tend to own more pets, and adults over 55 are more likely to be “empty nesters,” who keep pets as companions and have more disposable income and leisure time available for pets. In addition, many pet supplies products (e.g., dog and cat food, dog chews, bird food, grooming supplies, pest control, etc.) are routinely consumed and replenished.

The U.S. pet supplies market is highly fragmented with approximately 1,400 manufacturers, consisting primarily of small companies with limited product lines. The majority of these manufacturers do not have a captive sales and logistics network and must rely on us or other independent distributors to supply their products to regional pet specialty chains and independent retailers. According to Packaged Facts, pet supplies sales are up 14 percent over the last five years. Sales are expected to increase an additional 26 percent by 2017, indicating the strength of this category.

The pet food and supplies industry retail channel also remains fragmented, with approximately 7,600 independent pet supply stores in the United States and only two national specialty retailers, PetSmart and PETCO. These two “pet superstores” have grown rapidly, and pet products have also become a growing category in mass merchandisers, discounters and grocery outlets. PetSmart and PETCO typically offer the broadest product selection with competitive prices and a growing array of pet services. Mass merchandisers, supermarkets and discounters have historically carried a limited product assortment that features primarily pet food, but we believe these retailers are devoting more shelf space to meet increased consumer demand for premium pet supplies. Independent pet stores typically have a relatively broad product selection and attempt to differentiate themselves by offering premier brands and knowledgeable service.

Proprietary Branded Pet Products

Our principal pet supplies categories are dog & cat, aquatics, bird & small animal food and animal health products.

Dog & Cat. We are a leading marketer and producer of premium healthy edible and non-edible chews, super premium dog and cat food, toys, grooming supplies, pet carriers and other accessories, and information and knowledge resources featuring the brands Nylabone, Four Paws, TFH, Pet Select, Interpet, Pet Love and Mikki®. Nylabone has a strong history of developing innovative new products such as the NutriDent® Edible Dental Brush Chews as well as numerous other award winning dog toys. Four Paws products include industry leaders in grooming and waste management products under the Wee Wee and Magic Coat Brands, and TFH is a leading publisher of pet books and magazines. Breeder’s Choice is a manufacturer of super premium natural pet food and treats. Breeder’s Choice brands include Pinnacle®, Avoderm®, Simply Natural® and Active Care ®.

Aquatics. We are a leading supplier of aquariums and related fixtures and furniture, water conditioners and supplements, sophisticated lighting systems and accessories featuring the brands Aqueon, Zilla, Oceanic Systems, Kent Marine, Coralife and Blagdon.

Small Animal & Wild Bird Feed. We are a leading marketer and producer of specialty pet food for pet and wild birds and small animals, vitamins and nutritional supplements, bird and small animal cages, habitats, transportation devices, toys and other accessories designed for the small animal marketplace featuring the brands Kaytee®, Super Pet®, Critter Trail® and Canopy Scientific®. Kaytee is one of the largest producers of specialty bird feed.

Animal Health. We are a leading marketer and producer of flea, tick, mosquito and other insect control products produced by Wellmark International and sold primarily under the BioSpot, Adams, Altosid, Pre Strike and Extinguish® brand names. Wellmark is the only domestic producer of (S)-Methoprene, which is an active ingredient to control mosquitoes, fleas, ticks, ants and mites in many professional and consumer insect control applications. We also sell (S)-Methoprene to manufacturers of other insect control products, including Frontline Plus. In addition, through our Farnam operations, we are a leading manufacturer and marketer of innovative health care products for horses. Farnam’s portfolio of industry leading brands includes the Farnam umbrella brand, IverCare®, Bronco®e, Super Mask® II, Endure®, Horseshoer’s Secret® and Vetrolin®.

 

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Sales Network

Our domestic sales network exists primarily to promote our proprietary brands and provides value-added service to approximately 4,500 independent specialty retail stores for our branded products. This includes acquisition and maintenance of premium shelf placement, prompt product replenishment, customization of retailer programs, quick response to changing customer and retailer preferences, rapid deployment and feedback for new products and immediate exposure for acquired brands. The network also sells many other manufacturers’ brands of pet supplies and combines these products with our branded products into single shipments enabling our independent customers to deal with us on a cost effective basis to meet their pet supplies requirements. We also operate a sales and logistics facility in the United Kingdom.

Sales and Marketing

Our sales strategy is multi-tiered and designed to capture maximum market share with retailers. Our customers include retailers, such as regional and national specialty pet stores, independent pet retailers, mass merchants, grocery and drug stores. In addition, we also serve the professional market with insect control and health and wellness products for use by veterinarians, municipalities, farmers and equine product suppliers. PetSmart accounted for approximately 11% of our Pet segment’s net sales in fiscal 2013 and 12% in both fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011. PETCO is also a significant customer.

To optimize our product placement and visibility in retail stores, our focused sales resources are segmented as follows:

 

   

a sales organization operating by category and channel;

 

   

dedicated account teams servicing our largest customers;

 

   

a group of account managers focused on regional chains;

 

   

a geographic based group of territory managers dedicated to the independent retailer; and

 

   

a specialized group of account managers dedicated to the professional and equine markets.

These sales teams deliver our marketing strategy that is consumer, brand and channel driven. We provide value creation with a focus on innovation, product quality and performance, premium packaging, product positioning and consumer value. We collaborate closely with our customers to identify their needs, jointly develop strategies to meet those needs and deliver programs that include print, broadcast, direct mail and digital execution.

Competition

The pet supplies industry is highly competitive and has experienced considerable consolidation in recent years. Our branded pet products compete against national and regional branded products and private label products produced by various suppliers. Our largest competitors in most product categories are Spectrum Brands and Hartz Mountain. The Pet segment competes primarily on the basis of brand recognition, innovation, upscale packaging, quality and service. Our Pet segment’s sales and logistics operations compete with Animal Supply Co., Phillips Pet Food & Supplies and a number of smaller local and regional distributors, with competition based on product selection, price, value-added services and personal relationships.

Garden Segment

Overview

We are a leading company in the consumer lawn and garden market in the United States and offer both premium and value-oriented branded products. We market and produce a broad array of premium brands, including Pennington, The Rebels, AMDRO, Grant’s, Lilly Miller, Ironite, Sevin, Over-N-Out, Norcal Pottery,

 

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New England Pottery, GKI/Bethlehem Lighting and Matthews Four Seasons. We also produce value brands at lower prices, including numerous private label brands. In addition, our Garden segment operates a sales and logistics network that strategically supports its brands. In fiscal 2013, the Garden segment accounted for $765 million of our consolidated net sales and $8 million of our consolidated income from operations before corporate expenses and eliminations.

Industry Background

We believe that gardening is one of the most popular leisure activities in the United States, although in recent years our garden segment has been adversely impacted by fluctuations in input costs and weather. Packaged Facts asserts that the economy has brought more homeowners into their yards. The key demographic bolstering our lawn and garden market is the growth rate in the number of adults over age 55, who are more likely to be “empty nesters” and have more disposable income and leisure time available for garden activities. As the baby boom generation ages, this segment is expected to grow faster than the total population. According to 2010 U.S. census data, approximately 40% of the population is 45 years or older. We believe that this demographic should increase the number of lawn and garden product users. With more people gardening in their yards and the potential trends of food gardening and organic gardening, we perceive this market as staying intact and showing slow positive growth. We estimate the retail sales of the lawn and garden supplies industry in the categories in which we participate to be approximately $6 billion. In addition, we participate in the pottery and seasonal décor markets. We believe that the industry will continue to grow, albeit at a slower rate in the near term due to industry dynamics.

Lawn and garden products are sold to consumers through a number of distribution channels, including home centers, mass merchants, independent nurseries and hardware stores. Home and garden centers and mass merchants often carry one or two premium product lines or brands and one value brand. Due to the rapid expansion and consolidation of mass merchants and home and garden centers in the last 15 years, the concentration of purchasing power for the lawn and garden category has increased dramatically. We expect the growth of home and garden centers, such as Home Depot and Lowe’s, and mass merchants, such as Wal*Mart, to continue to concentrate industry distribution.

Proprietary Branded Lawn and Garden Products

Our principal lawn and garden product lines are grass seed, wild bird feed, insect control products, lawn and garden care products, decorative outdoor patio products and Christmas products and lighting. Our Pennington brand is one of the largest in grass seed and wild bird feed, and our Amdro brand is a leading portfolio of fire ant bait products. We are also a leading marketer of indoor and outdoor pottery products through our Norcal Pottery and New England Pottery brands.

Grass Seed. We are a leading marketer and producer of numerous mixtures and blends of cool and warm season turf grass for both the residential and professional markets, as well as forage and wild game seed mixtures. We sell these products under the Pennington Seed, Pennington, Penkoted® , Max-Q®, ProSelect ™, Tournament Quality CM, MasterTurf®, The Rebels and Smart Seed® brand names. We also produce numerous private label brands of grass seed. The Pennington grass seed manufacturing facilities are some of the largest and most modern seed conditioning facilities in the industry.

Wild Bird Products. We are a leading marketer and producer of wild bird feed, bird feeders, bird houses and other birding accessories in the United States. These products are sold primarily under the Pennington brand name. Most of our wild bird feed is treated with Bird-Kote®, a nutritious coating made up of vegetable oil fortified with oil-soluble vitamins and elements needed by wild birds.

Fertilizers and Controls. We are a leading marketer of lawn and garden weed, moss, insect and pest control products and soil supplements and stimulants. We sell these products under the Knockout®, Strike®, Lilly Miller,

 

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Alaska Fish Fertilizer®, IMAGE®, Sevin, Over-N-Out and RooTone® brand names and the Eliminator private label for Wal*Mart. We are also a leading marketer of fire ant bait, sold primarily in the southern United States, under the AMDRO brand name. In addition, we market ant baits, animal repellents and garden aid products under the Grant’s brand name. We manufacture several lines of lawn and garden fertilizers and soil supplements, in granular and liquid form, under the Pennington, Pro Care, Ironite and other private and controlled labels.

Outdoor & Seasonal Decor. We are a leading marketer of decorative indoor and outdoor pottery products in the United States. We sell these products under the Pennington, Norcal Pottery and New England Pottery brand names which include terra cotta, stoneware, ceramic and porcelain pots. We also market seasonal Christmas products and lighting under the brand name GKI/Bethlehem Lighting and we manufacture a complete line of wooden garden products, including planters, barrel fountains, arbors and trellises that are sold under the Pennington brand name.

Sales Network

Our sales and logistics network exists primarily to promote our proprietary brands and provides us with key access to retail stores for our branded products, acquisition and maintenance of premium shelf placement, prompt product replenishment, customization of retailer programs, quick responses to changing customer and retailer preferences, rapid deployment and feedback for new products, immediate exposure for acquired brands and comprehensive and strategic information. The network also sells other manufacturers’ brands of lawn and garden supplies and combines these products with our branded products into single shipments enabling our customers to deal with us on a cost-effective basis to meet their lawn and garden supplies requirements.

Sales and Marketing

The marketing strategy for our premium products is focused on meeting consumer needs through product performance, innovation, quality, upscale packaging and retail shelf placement. The marketing strategy for our value products is focused on promotion of the quality and efficacy of our value brands at a lower cost relative to premium brands. Our customers include retailers, such as mass merchants, home improvement centers, independent lawn and garden nurseries, drug and grocery stores, and professional end users. Sales to Wal*Mart represented approximately 30%, 30% and 28%, sales to Home Depot represented approximately 18%, 16% and 15%, and sales to Lowe’s represented approximately 17%, 20% and 24%, of our Garden segment’s net sales in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

To maximize our product placement and visibility in retail stores, we market our products through the following four complementary strategies:

 

   

dedicated sales forces represent our combined brand groups;

 

   

retail sales and logistics network, which provides in-store training and merchandising for our customers, especially during the prime spring and summer seasons;

 

   

dedicated account-managers and sales teams located near and dedicated to serve several of our largest customers; and

 

   

selected independent distributors who sell our brands.

Competition

The lawn and garden products industry is highly competitive. Our lawn and garden products compete against national and regional products and private label products produced by various suppliers. Our turf and forage grass seed products, fertilizers, pesticides and combination products compete principally against products marketed by The Scotts Miracle-Gro Company (“Scotts”). Scotts’ dominant position in the lawn and garden industry is a significant competitive disadvantage for our garden products. In addition, Spectrum Brands is a strong competitor in yard and household insecticides. Our Garden segment competes primarily on the basis of its

 

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strong premium and value brands, quality, service, price and low cost manufacturing. Our Garden segment’s sales and logistics operations also compete with a large number of distributors, with competition based on price, service and personal relationships.

Supply Chain

We operate an integrated supply chain responsible for manufacturing, logistics, purchasing and sales and operations planning for both our Pet and Garden segments.

Manufacturing

We manufacture the majority of our branded products in 30 manufacturing facilities, located primarily in the United States. In addition, certain of our proprietary branded products are manufactured by contract manufacturers. We have also entered into an exclusive arrangement with a third party to manufacture one of our registered active ingredients, (S)-Methoprene, for use in that third party’s flea and tick control products.

Purchasing

We purchase most of our raw materials from a number of different suppliers. In addition, we purchase one of the raw materials used to manufacture (S)-Methoprene from a single source of supply. We maintain an inventory of this raw material (in addition to our (S)-Methoprene inventory) to reduce the possibility of any interruption in the availability of (S)-Methoprene, but a prolonged delay in obtaining (S)-Methoprene or this raw material could result in a temporary delay in product shipments and have an adverse effect on our Pet segment’s financial results.

The key ingredients in our fertilizer and insect and weed control products are commodity and specialty chemicals, including phosphates, urea, potash, herbicides, insecticides and fungicides.

The principal raw materials required for the wild bird feed operations are bulk commodity grains, including millet, milo and sunflower seeds, which are generally purchased from large national commodity companies and local grain cooperatives. In order to ensure an adequate supply of grains and seed to satisfy expected production volume, we enter into contracts to purchase a portion of our expected grain and seed requirements at future dates by fixing the quantity, and often the price, at the commitment date. Although we have never experienced a severe interruption of supply, we are exposed to price risk with respect to the portion of our supply which is not covered by contracts with a fixed price.

During fiscal 2011 and fiscal 2012, prices for some of our key inputs increased substantially. In fiscal 2013, prices continued to increase due in part to drought conditions throughout much of the United States although by the end of the year, prices began to decline for certain commodities. Our weighted average cost per pound for our primary bird feed grains increased approximately 15% for fiscal year 2013 compared to fiscal 2012. Although we have been able to negotiate some price increases with our retailers, it is possible that price increases may not fully offset rising costs in the future, resulting in margin erosion.

Logistics Network

Our distribution network consists of 27 facilities strategically placed across the United States and one facility in the United Kingdom to allow us to service both our mass market customers as well as our independent specialty retail stores for our branded products. This network also supports distribution of many other manufacturers’ brands and combines these products with our branded products into single shipments, enabling us to serve our customers in an effective and cost efficient manner.

 

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Significant Customers

Wal*Mart, our largest customer, represented approximately 16%, 17% and 16% of our total company net sales in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and represented approximately 30% of our Garden segment’s net sales in fiscal 2013 and fiscal 2012 and 28% of our Garden segment’s net sales in fiscal 2011. Sales to Home Depot represented approximately 8% of our total company net sales in fiscal 2013 and 7% of our total company net sales in each of the fiscal years 2012 and 2011, and represented approximately 18%, 16% and 15% of our Garden segment’s net sales in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Sales to Lowe’s represented approximately 8%, 9% and 12% of our total company net sales in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and represented approximately 17%, 20% and 24% of our Garden segment’s net sales in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. PetSmart represented 11% of our Pet segment’s net sales in fiscal 2013 and approximately 12% in fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011. PETCO is also a significant customer.

Patents and Other Proprietary Rights

Our branded products companies hold numerous patents in the United States and in other countries and have several patent applications pending. We consider the development of patents through creative research and the maintenance of an active patent program to be advantageous to our business, but we do not regard the holding of any particular patent as essential to our operations.

In addition to patents, we have numerous active ingredient registrations, end-use product registrations and trade secrets, including certain technology used in the Wellmark operations for the production of (S)-Methoprene, which has been licensed to us from Novartis. This license is perpetual but non-exclusive. In addition, we have developed certain proprietary improvements to us relating to the synthesis of (S)-Methoprene. The success of certain portions of our business, especially our Wellmark operations, partly depends on our ability to continue to maintain trade secret information which has been licensed to us, and to keep both licensed and owned trade secret information confidential.

Along with patents, active ingredient registrations, end use product registrations and trade secrets, we own a number of trademarks, service marks, trade names and logotypes. Many of our trademarks are registered but some are not. We are not aware of any reason we cannot continue to use our trademarks, service marks and trade names in the way that we have been using them.

Employees

As of September 28, 2013, we had approximately 3,300 employees of which approximately 3,100 were full-time employees and 200 were temporary or part-time employees. We also hire substantial numbers of additional temporary employees for the peak lawn and garden shipping season of February through June to meet the increased demand experienced during the spring and summer months. The majority of our temporary employees are paid on an hourly basis. None of our employees is represented by a labor union. We consider our relationships with our employees to be good.

Environmental and Regulatory Considerations

Many of the products that we manufacture or distribute are subject to local, state, federal and foreign laws and regulations relating to environmental matters. Such regulations are often complex and are subject to change. In the United States, all pesticides must be registered with the United States Environmental Protection Agency (the “EPA”), in addition to individual state and/or foreign agency registrations, before they can be sold. Fertilizer products are also subject to state Department of Agriculture registration and foreign labeling regulations. Grass seed is also subject to state, federal and foreign labeling regulations.

The Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA), establishes a standard for food-use pesticides, which is a reasonable certainty that no harm will result from the cumulative effect of pesticide exposures. Under this Act,

 

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the EPA is evaluating the cumulative risks from dietary and non-dietary exposures to pesticides. The pesticides in our products, which are also used on foods, will be evaluated by the EPA as part of this non-dietary exposure risk assessment.

In addition, the use of certain pesticide and fertilizer products is regulated by various local, state, federal and foreign environmental and public health agencies. These regulations may include requirements that only certified or professional users apply the product or that certain products be used only on certain types of locations (such as “not for use on sod farms or golf courses”), may require users to post notices on properties to which products have been or will be applied, may require notification of individuals in the vicinity that products will be applied in the future or may ban the use of certain ingredients. We believe we are operating in substantial compliance with, or taking action aimed at ensuring compliance with, these laws and regulations.

Various federal, state and local laws, including the federal Food Safety Modernization Act, also regulate pet food products and give regulatory authorities the power to recall or require re-labeling of products. We believe we are in substantial compliance or are taking steps to ensure that we are in compliance with these provisions.

Various local, state, federal and foreign environmental laws also impose obligations on various entities to clean up contaminated properties or to pay for the cost of such remediation, often upon parties that did not actually cause the contamination. Accordingly, we may become liable, either contractually or by operation of law, for remediation costs even if the contaminated property is not presently owned or operated by us, or if the contamination was caused by third parties during or prior to our ownership or operation of the property. With our extensive acquisition history, we have acquired a number of manufacturing and distribution facilities, and most of these facilities have not been subjected to Phase II environmental tests to determine whether they are contaminated.

Environmental regulations may affect us by restricting the manufacturing or use of our products or regulating their disposal. Regulatory or legislative changes may cause future increases in our operating costs or otherwise affect operations. Although we believe we are and have been in substantial compliance with such regulations and have strict internal guidelines on the handling and disposal of our products, there is no assurance that in the future we may not be adversely affected by such regulations or incur increased operating costs in complying with such regulations. However, neither the compliance with regulatory requirements nor our environmental procedures can ensure that we will not be subject to claims for personal injury, property damages or governmental enforcement.

Executive Officers

The following table sets forth the name, age and position of our executive officers as of December 1, 2013.

 

Name

   Age     

Position

John R. Ranelli

     67       President, Chief Executive Officer and President – Pet Segment

William E. Brown

     72       Chairman of the Board

Paul Hibbert

     44       Senior Vice President, Supply Chain

Steven LaMonte

     57       Executive Vice President and President – Garden Segment

Michael A. Reed

     65       Executive Vice President

George Yuhas

     61       General Counsel

Lori A. Varlas

     52       Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Secretary

 

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John R. Ranelli. Mr. Ranelli has been our President and Chief Executive Officer since February 2013. Since March 2013, Mr. Ranelli has also been our President – Pet Segment. From 2011 to 2012, Mr. Ranelli was President and CEO of Woolrich Inc., an outdoor clothing company. From 2008 to 2011, Mr. Ranelli was an advisor to a number of companies and private equity firms. From 2007 to 2008, Mr. Ranelli was President and CEO of Mikasa Inc., a global dinnerware, crystal and home accessories company. From 1999 to 2006, Mr. Ranelli was Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President of FGX International, a global optical and jewelry company. Previously, he served in senior executive capacities with Stride Rite Corporation, Deckers Outdoor Corporation, TLC Beatrice and The Timberland Company. Mr. Ranelli is a director of Woolrich, Inc. and serves as its non-executive Chairman.

William E. Brown. Mr. Brown has been our Chairman since 1980. From 1980 to June 2003 and from October 2007 to February 2013, Mr. Brown served as our Chief Executive Officer. From 1977 to 1980, Mr. Brown was Senior Vice President of the Vivitar Corporation with responsibility for Finance, Operations, and Research & Development. From 1972 to 1977, he was with McKesson Corporation where he was responsible for its 200-site data processing organization. Prior to joining McKesson Corporation, Mr. Brown spent the first 10 years of his business career at McCormick, Inc. in manufacturing, engineering and data processing.

Paul Hibbert. Mr. Hibbert has been Senior Vice President, Supply Chain since October 2011 and for the prior two years served as Vice President, Supply Chain Garden Products. In 2009, Mr. Hibbert served as a supply chain consultant for BioLab, Inc/Chemtura. From 2007 to 2008, Mr. Hibbert was the Vice President Supply Chain for United Industries. From 2003 to 2007, he was the Director of Supply Chain with Biolab, Inc.

Steven LaMonte. Mr. LaMonte has been our Executive Vice President, President – Garden Segment since May 2012. From 2009 to May 2012, Mr. LaMonte served as VP Latin America & Asia Pacific Regions for Johnson & Johnson’s McNeil Laboratories division. From 2006 to 2009, Mr. LaMonte was Worldwide Vice President, RX-OTC Switch & Innovation at Johnson & Johnson. Mr. LaMonte previously held numerous leadership positions at Pfizer Consumer Healthcare, Schering-Plough, Nestle Foods and other consumer products companies.

Michael A. Reed. Mr. Reed has been Executive Vice President since June 2000 and was President of the Garden Products division from October 2007 to May 2012. Mr. Reed served as President of the Pet Products division from 2003 to 2004. Previously, Mr. Reed served as President and CEO of PM Ag Products, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of global agri-business Tate & Lyle, PLC.

George Yuhas. Mr. Yuhas has been our General Counsel since March 2011. From 1984 to March 2011, he was a partner specializing in litigation at Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP.

Lori A. Varlas. Ms. Varlas has been Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Secretary since December 2010. From 2006 to 2010, Ms. Varlas served as Vice President Finance at Sun Microsystems. Prior to joining Sun, Ms. Varlas was Vice President of Finance at PeopleSoft and held a variety of senior finance positions from 1998 to 2005. Ms. Varlas also held positions at Chiron Corporation, Specialty Foods and Price Waterhouse.

Available Information

Our web site is www.central.com. We make available free of charge, on or through our web site, our annual, quarterly and current reports, and any amendments to those reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after electronically filing or furnishing such reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Information contained on our web site is not part of this report.

 

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Item 1A. Risk Factors.

This Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of factors both in and out of our control, including the risks faced by us described below and elsewhere in this Form 10-K.

You should carefully consider the risks described below. In addition, the risks described below are not the only ones facing us. We have only described the risks we consider to be material. However, there may be additional risks that are viewed by us as not material at the present time or are not presently known to us. Conditions could change in the future, or new information may come to our attention that could impact our assessment of these risks.

If any of the events described below were to occur, our business, prospects, financial condition and/or results of operations could be materially adversely affected. When we say below that something could or will have a material adverse effect on us, we mean that it could or will have one or more of these effects. In any such case, the price of our common stock could decline, and you could lose all or part of your investment in our company.

The implementation of our change initiative has resulted in increased expenses during the last few years that could continue.

In fiscal 2011 and 2012, we were engaged in a process of transformational change which was focused on transforming the Company from a portfolio of separately run businesses into an integrated, multi-brand company.

During fiscal 2013, we adopted a more balanced approach to improving profitability through a focus on increasing sales and improving margins, providing superior customer service, and innovative new products all while improving our operations and reducing costs. We expect to continue this balanced approach in the future and to continue to focus on profitability, our customers and eliminating inefficiencies.

During fiscal 2012 and 2013, we closed 15 distribution and manufacturing facilities, while opening and upgrading others, leaving us with a net reduction of eight facilities at the end of fiscal year 2013. The operational issues associated with the closures, along with other supply chain issues, resulted in significant disruptions during 2012 that delayed fulfilling orders for some customers as we transitioned certain operational activities. These disruptions adversely affected our revenues and operating earnings. While we believe we have resolved these particular issues, we may experience other operational issues as we continue to implement our change initiatives. These operational issues could have a material adverse effect on our performance and financial results.

There can be no assurance that we will be able to successfully execute our change initiatives or that we will be able to do so within the anticipated time period or without incurring substantial transitional costs. We anticipate that these investments and transitional costs will adversely affect our operating results.

Our operating results and cash flow are susceptible to fluctuations.

We expect to continue to experience variability in our net sales, net income and cash flow on a quarterly basis. Factors that may contribute to this variability include:

 

   

fluctuations in prices of commodity grains and other input costs;

 

   

seasonality and adverse weather conditions;

 

   

costs or operational problems arising from our change initiatives;

 

   

shifts in demand for lawn and garden and pet products;

 

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changes in product mix, service levels, marketing and pricing by us and our competitors;

 

   

the effect of acquisitions; and

 

   

economic stability of and strength of our relationship with retailers.

These fluctuations could negatively impact our business and the market price of our common stock.

Seeds and grains we use to produce bird feed and grass seed are commodity products subject to price volatility that has had, and could have, a negative impact on us.

Our financial results are partially dependent upon the cost of raw materials and our ability to pass along increases in these costs to our customers. In particular, our Pennington and Kaytee businesses are exposed to fluctuations in market prices for commodity seeds and grains used to produce bird feed. Historically, market prices for commodity seeds and grains have fluctuated in response to a number of factors, including changes in United States government farm support programs, changes in international agricultural and trading policies and weather conditions during the growing and harvesting seasons.

To mitigate our exposure to changes in market prices, we enter into purchase contracts for grains, bird feed and grass seed to cover a limited portion of our purchase requirements for a selling season. Since these contracts cover only a portion of our purchase requirements, as market prices for such products increase, our cost of production increases as well. In contrast, if market prices for such products decrease, we may end up purchasing grains and seeds pursuant to the purchase contracts at prices above market.

In fiscal 2011 and fiscal 2012, prices for some of our key crops increased substantially. Our weighted average cost per pound for our primary bird feed grains increased approximately 11% for fiscal year 2012 compared to fiscal 2011. In fiscal 2013, our weighted average cost per pound for our primary bird feed grains increased approximately 15% for fiscal year 2013 compared to fiscal 2012. Although we have been able to negotiate some price increases with our retailers, it is possible that price increases may not fully offset rising costs in the future, resulting in margin erosion. We can provide no assurance as to the timing or extent of our ability to implement additional price adjustments in the event of increased costs in the future. Similarly, we can provide no assurance of our ability to retain pricing with our retailers in the context of declining costs. We also cannot predict to what extent price increases may negatively affect our sales volume. As retailers pass along price increases, consumers may shift to our lower margin bird feed, switch to competing products or reduce purchases of wild bird feed products.

We are subject to significant risks associated with innovation, including the risk that our new product innovations will not produce sufficient sales to recoup our investment.

We believe that our future success will depend upon, in part, our ability to continue to improve our existing products through product innovation and to develop, market and produce new products. We cannot assure you that we will be successful in the introduction, marketing and production of any new products or product innovations, or that we will develop and introduce in a timely manner improvements to our existing products which satisfy customer needs or achieve market acceptance. Our failure to develop new products and introduce them successfully and in a timely manner could harm our ability to grow our business and could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

During fiscal 2013, we introduced two major innovative Garden products. Despite enthusiastic support from our retailers and heavy marketing spending, the new products did not sell through as expected, and we took a significant charge at the end of the fourth quarter relating to the new products. We believe that the period of time to gain consumer acceptance of major innovations is longer in the garden industry than in many industries, which compounds the risks generally associated with major new product innovations.

 

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A decline in consumers’ discretionary spending or a change in consumer preferences could reduce our sales and harm our business.

Our sales ultimately depend on consumer discretionary spending, which is influenced by factors beyond our control, including general economic conditions, the availability of discretionary income and credit, weather, consumer confidence and unemployment levels. Any material decline in the amount of consumer discretionary spending could reduce our sales and harm our business. These economic and market conditions, combined with continuing difficulties in the credit markets and the resulting pressures on liquidity, may also place a number of our key retail customers under financial stress, which would increase our credit risk and potential bad debt exposure.

The success of our business also depends in part on our ability to identify and respond to evolving trends in demographics and consumer preferences. Our failure to timely identify or effectively respond to changing consumer tastes, preferences, spending patterns and lawn and garden and pet care needs could adversely affect the demand for our products and our profitability.

Inflation, deflation, economic uncertainty and other adverse macro-economic conditions may harm our business.

Our revenues and margins are dependent on various economic factors, including rates of inflation or deflation, energy costs, consumer attitudes toward discretionary spending, currency fluctuations, and other macro-economic factors which may impact levels of consumer spending. In recent years, we have experienced a significant increase in raw material input costs. Although we increased prices for many of our products, our price increases did not fully offset the increases in our costs, and our margins and profitability suffered as a result. If we are unable to pass through rising input costs and raise the price of our products, or consumer confidence continues to weaken, we may experience gross margin declines.

Supply disruptions in pet birds and small animals may negatively impact our sales.

The federal government and many state governments have increased restrictions on the importation of pet birds and the supply of small animals. These restrictions have resulted in reduced availability of new pet birds and animals and thus reduced demand for pet bird and small animal food and supplies. If these restrictions become more severe, our future sales of these products would likely suffer, which would negatively impact our profitability. In addition, some countries have experienced outbreaks of avian flu. While the number of cases worldwide has declined, a significant outbreak in the United States would reduce demand for our pet and wild bird food and negatively impact our financial results.

Our lawn and garden sales are highly seasonal and subject to adverse weather.

Because our lawn and garden products are used primarily in the spring and summer, the Garden business is seasonal. In fiscal 2013, approximately 68% of our Garden segment’s net sales and 60% of our total net sales occurred during our second and third fiscal quarters. Substantially all of the Garden segment’s operating income is generated in this period. Our working capital needs and our borrowings generally peak in our second fiscal quarter, because we are generating lower revenues while incurring expenses in preparation for the spring selling season. If cash on hand and borrowings under our credit facility are ever insufficient to meet our seasonal needs or if cash flow generated during the spring and summer is insufficient to repay our borrowings on a timely basis, this seasonality could have a material adverse effect on our business.

Because demand for lawn and garden products is significantly influenced by weather, particularly weekend weather during the peak gardening season, our results of operations and cash flow could also be adversely affected by certain weather patterns such as unseasonably cool or warm temperatures, heavy rains, water shortages or floods.

 

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Rising energy prices could adversely affect our operating results.

During fiscal 2011 and 2012, energy prices increased substantially, which resulted in increased fuel costs for our businesses and increased raw materials costs for many of our branded products. These substantial increases did not recur in 2013. Rising energy prices in the future could adversely affect consumer spending and demand for our products and increase our operating costs, both of which would reduce our sales and operating income.

We depend on a few customers for a significant portion of our business.

Wal*Mart, our largest customer, accounted for approximately 16% of our net sales in fiscal 2013, 17% in fiscal 2012 and 16% in fiscal 2011. Lowe’s accounted for approximately 8% of our net sales in fiscal 2013, 9% in fiscal 2012 and 12% in fiscal 2011. Home Depot accounted for approximately 8% of our net sales in fiscal 2013 and 7% of our net sales in fiscal 2012 and 2011. In addition, PetSmart and PETCO are also significant customers, and, together with Wal*Mart, Lowe’s and Home Depot, accounted for approximately 43% of our net sales in fiscal 2013 and 45% in fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011. The market shares of many of these key retailers have increased and may continue to increase in future years.

The loss of, or significant adverse change in, our relationship with any of these key retailers could cause our net sales, income from operations and cash flow to decline. The loss of, or reduction in, orders from any significant customer, losses arising from customer disputes regarding shipments, fees, merchandise condition or related matters, or our inability to collect accounts receivable from any major customer could reduce our income from operations and cash flow.

We may be adversely affected by trends in the retail industry.

With the growing trend towards retail trade consolidation, we are increasingly dependent upon key retailers whose leverage is growing. Our business may be negatively affected by changes in the policies of our retailers, such as inventory destocking, limitations on access to shelf space, price demands and other conditions. In addition, as a result of the desire of retailers to more closely manage inventory levels, there is a growing trend among retailers to make purchases on a “just-in-time” basis. This requires us to shorten our lead time for production in certain cases and to more closely anticipate demand, which could in the future require the carrying of additional inventories and an increase in our working capital and related financing requirements. This shift to “just-in-time” can also cause retailers to delay purchase orders, which can cause a shift in sales from quarter to quarter. Decisions to move in or out of a market category by leading retailers can also have a significant impact on our business.

A significant deterioration in the financial condition of one of our major customers could have a material adverse effect on our sales, profitability and cash flow. We continually monitor and evaluate the credit status of our customers and attempt to adjust sales terms as appropriate. Despite these efforts, a bankruptcy filing or liquidation by a key customer could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition in the future.

Issues with products may lead to product liability, personal injury or property damage claims, recalls, withdrawals, replacements of products, regulatory actions by governmental authorities that could divert resources, affect business operations, decrease sales, increase costs, and put us at a competitive disadvantage, any of which could have a significant adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

We have experienced, and may in the future experience, issues with products that may lead to product liability, recalls, withdrawals, replacements of products, or regulatory actions by governmental authorities. For example, during 2012, we experienced four unrelated recalls relating to one batch of baby bird feed products, one batch of mice, rat and hamster feed, one batch of dog food and a line of Christmas tree bases. In 2012, we recorded approximately $4.9 million of costs related to these recalls.These recalls or future recalls could result in

 

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increased governmental scrutiny, reputational harm, reduced demand by consumers for our products, decreased willingness by retailer customers to purchase or provide marketing support for those products, unavailability or increased cost of insurance, or additional safety and testing requirements. Such results could divert development and management resources, adversely affect our business operations, decrease sales, increase legal fees and other costs, and put us at a competitive disadvantage compared to other manufacturers not affected by similar issues with products, any of which could have a significant adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

Competition in our industries may hinder our ability to execute our business strategy, increase our profitability or maintain relationships with existing customers.

We operate in highly competitive industries, which have experienced increased consolidation in recent years. We compete against numerous other companies, some of which are more established in their industries and have substantially greater revenue and resources than we do. Our products compete against national and regional products and private label products produced by various suppliers. Our largest competitors in the Pet segment are Spectrum Brands and Hartz Mountain, and our largest competitors in the Garden segment are Scotts and Spectrum Brands.

To compete effectively, among other things, we must:

 

   

develop and grow brands with leading market positions;

 

   

grow market share;

 

   

maintain our relationships with key retailers;

 

   

continually develop innovative new products that appeal to consumers;

 

   

implement effective marketing and sales promotion programs;

 

   

maintain strict quality standards;

 

   

deliver products on a reliable basis at competitive prices; and

 

   

effectively integrate acquired companies.

Competition could lead to lower sales volumes, price reductions, reduced profits, losses, or loss of market share. Our inability to compete effectively could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

Our acquisition strategy involves a number of risks.

We have completed numerous acquisitions and intend further growth through the acquisition of additional companies.

We are regularly engaged in acquisition discussions with other companies and anticipate that one or more potential acquisition opportunities, including those that would be material, may become available in the near future. If and when appropriate acquisition opportunities become available, we intend to pursue them actively. Acquisitions involve a number of special risks, including:

 

   

failure of the acquired business to achieve expected results, as well as the potential impairment of the acquired assets if operating results decline after an acquisition;

 

   

diversion of management’s attention;

 

   

failure to retain key personnel of the acquired business;

 

   

additional financing, if necessary and available, which could increase leverage and costs, dilute equity, or both;

 

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the potential negative effect on our financial statements from the increase in goodwill and other intangibles;

 

   

the high cost and expenses of identifying, negotiating and completing acquisitions; and

 

   

risks associated with unanticipated events or liabilities.

These risks could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

We have faced, and expect to continue to face, intense competition for acquisition candidates, which may limit our ability to make acquisitions and may lead to higher acquisition prices. We cannot assure you that we will be able to identify, acquire or manage profitably additional businesses or to integrate successfully any acquired businesses into our existing business without substantial costs, delays or other operational or financial difficulties. In future acquisitions, we also could incur additional indebtedness or pay consideration in excess of fair value, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

If our goodwill, indefinite-lived intangible assets or other long-term assets become impaired, we will be required to record impairment charges, which may be significant.

A significant portion of our long-term assets consists of goodwill and other intangible assets recorded as a result of past acquisitions. We do not amortize goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets, but rather review them for impairment on a periodic basis or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying value may not be recoverable. We consider whether circumstances or conditions exist which suggest that the carrying value of our goodwill and other long-lived intangible assets might be impaired. If such circumstances or conditions exist, further steps are required to determine whether the carrying value of each of the individual assets exceeds its fair value. If analysis indicates that an individual asset’s carrying value does exceed its fair value, we would record a loss equal to the excess of the individual asset’s carrying value over its fair value.

The steps required by GAAP entail significant amounts of judgment and subjectivity. Events and changes in circumstances that may indicate that there may be an impairment and that interim impairment testing is necessary include, but are not limited to: competitive conditions; the impact of the economic environment on our customer base and on broad market conditions that drive valuation considerations by market participants; our internal expectations with regard to future revenue growth and the assumptions we make when performing impairment reviews; a significant decrease in the market price of our assets; a significant adverse change in the extent or manner in which our assets are used; a significant adverse change in the business climate that could affect our assets; and significant changes in the cash flows associated with an asset. As a result of such circumstances, we may be required to record a significant charge to earnings in our financial statements during the period in which any impairment of our goodwill, indefinite-lived intangible assets or other long-term assets is determined. Any such impairment charges could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

In connection with our annual goodwill impairment testing performed during fiscal 2013, the first step of such testing indicated that the fair value of our Pet segment reporting units exceeded their carrying value, and accordingly, no further testing of goodwill was required for the Pet segment. However, the carrying value of our Garden segment reporting units exceeded their estimated fair value, indicating potential impairment. Based on further analysis, we determined that the entire carrying value of our Garden segment goodwill was impaired, resulting in a non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $7.7 million.

 

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Our success depends upon our retaining key personnel.

Our future performance is substantially dependent upon the continued services of John R. Ranelli, our President, Chief Executive Officer and President – Pet Segment, William E. Brown, our Chairman, and our other senior officers. The loss of the services of any of these persons could have a material adverse effect on our business. In addition, our future performance depends on our ability to attract and retain skilled employees. We cannot assure you that we will be able to retain our existing personnel or attract additional qualified employees in the future.

We are implementing a new enterprise resource planning information technology system.

In fiscal 2005, we began incurring costs associated with designing and implementing SAP, a new company-wide enterprise resource planning (ERP) software system with the objective of gradually migrating to the new system. Upon completion, this new system will replace numerous existing accounting and financial reporting systems, most of which were obtained in connection with business acquisitions. To date, we have reduced the number of ERP systems from 26 to 7. We invested an additional $3.5 million in fiscal 2013 for implementation. Capital expenditures for our new enterprise resource planning software system for fiscal 2014 and beyond will depend upon the pace of conversion for those remaining legacy systems. If the implementation is not executed successfully, we could experience business interruptions. If we do not complete the implementation of the project timely and successfully, we may experience, among other things, additional costs associated with completing this project and a delay in our ability to improve existing operations, support future growth and enable us to take advantage of new applications and technologies. All of this may also result in a distraction of management’s time, diverting their attention from our operations and strategy.

Our inability to protect our trademarks and any other proprietary rights may have a significant, negative impact on our business.

We consider our trademarks to be of significant importance in our business. Although we devote resources to the establishment and protection of our trademarks, we cannot assure you that the actions we have taken or will take in the future will be adequate to prevent violation of our trademarks and proprietary rights by others or prevent others from seeking to block sales of our products as an alleged violation of their trademarks and proprietary rights. There can be no assurance that future litigation will not be necessary to enforce our trademarks or proprietary rights or to defend ourselves against claimed infringement or the rights of others. Any future litigation of this type could result in adverse determinations that could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations. Our inability to use our trademarks and other proprietary rights could also harm our business and sales through reduced demand for our products and reduced revenues.

Some of the products that we manufacture and distribute require governmental permits and also subject us to potential environmental liabilities.

Some of the products that we manufacture and distribute are subject to regulation by federal, state, foreign and local authorities. Environmental health and safety laws and regulations are often complex and are subject to change. Environmental health and safety laws and regulations may affect us by restricting the manufacture, sale or use of our products or regulating their disposal. Regulatory or legislative changes may cause future increases in our operating costs or otherwise affect operations. There is no assurance that in the future we may not be adversely affected by such laws or regulations, incur increased operating costs in complying with such regulations or not be subject to claims for personal injury, property damages or governmental enforcement. In addition, due to the nature of our operations and the frequently changing nature of environmental compliance standards and technology, we cannot predict with any certainty that future material capital expenditures will not be required.

In addition to operational standards, environmental laws also impose obligations on various entities to clean up contaminated properties or to pay for the cost of such remediation, often upon parties that did not actually

 

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cause the contamination. Accordingly, we may become liable, either contractually or by operation of law, for remediation costs even if the contaminated property is not presently owned or operated by us, or if the contamination was caused by third parties during or prior to our ownership or operation of the property. With our extensive acquisition history, we have acquired a number of manufacturing and distribution facilities. Given the nature of the past operations conducted by us and others at these properties, there can be no assurance that all potential instances of soil or groundwater contamination have been identified, even for those properties where an environmental site assessment has been conducted. Future events, such as changes in existing laws or policies or their enforcement, or the discovery of currently unknown contamination, may give rise to future remediation liabilities that may be material.

Our business is dependent upon our ability to continue to source products from China.

We outsource a significant amount of our manufacturing requirements to third party manufacturers located in China. This international sourcing subjects us to a number of risks, including: the impact on sourcing or manufacturing of public health and contamination risks in China; social and political disturbances and instability; export duties, import controls, tariffs, quotas and other trade barriers; shipping and transportation problems; and fluctuations in currency values. Because we rely on Chinese third-party manufacturers for a substantial portion of our product needs, any disruption in our relationships with these manufacturers could adversely affect our operations.

The products that we manufacture and distribute could expose us to product liability claims.

Our business exposes us to potential product liability risks in the manufacture and distribution of certain of our products. Although we generally seek to insure against such risks, there can be no assurance that such coverage is adequate or that we will be able to maintain such insurance on acceptable terms. A successful product liability claim in excess of our insurance coverage could have a material adverse effect on us and could prevent us from obtaining adequate product liability insurance in the future on commercially reasonable terms.

Deterioration in operating results could prevent us from fulfilling our obligations under the terms of our indebtedness or impact our ability to refinance our debt on favorable terms as it matures.

We have, and we will continue to have, a significant amount of indebtedness. As of September 28, 2013, we had total indebtedness of approximately $472.6 million. This level of indebtedness and future borrowing needs could have material adverse consequences for our business, including:

 

   

make it more difficult for us to satisfy our obligations with respect to the terms of our indebtedness;

 

   

require us to dedicate a large portion of our cash flow to pay principal and interest on our indebtedness, which would reduce the availability of our cash flow to fund working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions and other business activities;

 

   

increase our vulnerability to adverse industry conditions, including unfavorable weather conditions or continued commodity price increases;

 

   

limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and the industries in which we operate;

 

   

restrict us from making strategic acquisitions or exploiting business opportunities;

 

   

place us at a competitive disadvantage compared to competitors that have less debt; and

 

   

limit our ability to borrow additional funds at reasonable rates, if at all.

In addition, since a portion of our debt commitments bear interest at variable rates, an increase in interest rates or interest rate margins as defined under the credit agreement will create higher debt service requirements, which would adversely affect our cash flow.

 

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We are subject to cyber security risks and may incur increasing costs in an effort to minimize those risks.

Our business employs systems and websites that allow for the secure storage and transmission of proprietary or confidential information regarding our customers, employees, suppliers and others, including personal identification information. Security breaches could expose us to a risk of loss or misuse of this information, litigation, and potential liability. We may not have the resources or technical sophistication to anticipate or prevent rapidly-evolving types of cyber attacks. Attacks may be targeted at us, our customers and suppliers, or others who have entrusted us with information. Actual or anticipated attacks may cause us to incur increasing costs, including costs to deploy additional personnel and protection technologies, train employees, and engage third-party experts and consultants. Advances in computer capabilities, new technological discoveries, or other developments may result in the technology used by us to protect transaction or other data being breached or compromised. In addition, data and security breaches can also occur as a result of non-technical issues, including breach by us or by persons with whom we have commercial relationships that result in the unauthorized release of personal or confidential information. Any compromise or breach of our security could result in a violation of applicable privacy and other laws, significant legal and financial exposure, and a loss of confidence in our security measures, which could have an adverse effect on our results of operations and our reputation.

We do not expect to pay dividends in the foreseeable future.

We have never paid any cash dividends on our common stock or Class A common stock and currently do not intend to do so. Provisions of our credit facility and the indenture governing our senior subordinated notes restrict our ability to pay cash dividends. Any future determination to pay cash dividends will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors, subject to limitations under applicable law and contractual restrictions, and will depend upon our results of operations, financial condition and other factors deemed relevant by our Board of Directors.

We may issue additional shares of our common stock or Class A common stock that could dilute the value and market price of your stock.

We may decide or be required to issue, including upon the exercise of any outstanding stock options, or in connection with any acquisition made by us, additional shares of our common stock or Class A common stock that could dilute the value of your common stock or Class A common stock and may adversely affect the market price of our common stock or Class A common stock.

Our Chairman, through his holdings of our Class B common stock, exercises effective control of the Company, which may discourage potential acquisitions of our business and could have an adverse effect on the market price of our stock.

Holders of our Class B common stock are entitled to the lesser of ten votes per share or 49% of the total votes cast, and each share of Class B common stock is convertible at any time into one share of our common stock. Holders of our common stock are entitled to one vote for each share owned. Holders of our Class A common stock and Series B preferred stock have no voting rights, except as required by Delaware law.

As of December 1, 2013, William E. Brown, our Chairman, beneficially owned 1,600,459 shares of our Class B common stock (out of a total of 1,652,262 outstanding shares), 1,418,063 shares of our common stock and 3,227,117 shares of our Class A common stock and thereby controlled approximately 55% of the voting power of our capital stock. Accordingly, except to the extent that a class vote of the common stock is required by applicable law, he can effectively control all matters requiring stockholder approval, including the election of our directors, and can exert substantial control over our management and policies. The disproportionate voting rights of our common stock and Class B common stock and Mr. Brown’s substantial holdings of Class B common stock could have an adverse effect on the market price of our common stock and Class A common stock. Also, such disproportionate voting rights and Mr. Brown’s controlling interest may make us a less attractive target for a

 

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takeover than we otherwise might be, or render more difficult or discourage a merger proposal, tender offer or proxy contest, even if such actions were favored by our other stockholders, which could thereby deprive holders of common stock or Class A common stock of an opportunity to sell their shares for a “take-over” premium.

We have authorized the issuance of shares of common stock, Class A common stock and preferred stock, which may discourage potential acquisitions of our business and could have an adverse effect on the market price of our common stock and our Class A common stock.

Pursuant to our Fourth Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, the Board of Directors is authorized to issue up to 80,000,000 shares of our common stock, 100,000,000 shares of our nonvoting Class A common stock and up to 1,000,000 additional shares of preferred stock without seeking the approval or consent of our stockholders, unless required by the NASDAQ Global Market. Although the issuance of the nonvoting Class A common stock would not dilute the voting rights of the existing stockholders, it would have a dilutive effect on the economic interest of currently outstanding shares of common stock and Class B common stock similar to the dilutive effect of subsequent issuances of ordinary common stock. The issuance of the preferred stock could, depending on the rights and privileges designated by the board with respect to any particular series, have a dilutive effect on the voting interests of the common stock and Class B common stock and the economic interests of our common stock, Class A common stock and Class B common stock. In addition, the disproportionate voting rights of our common stock, preferred stock, Class B common stock and Class A common stock, and the ability of the board to issue stock to persons friendly to current management, may make us a less attractive target for a takeover than we otherwise might be or render more difficult or discourage a merger proposal, tender offer or proxy contest, even if such actions were favored by our common stockholders, which could thereby deprive holders of common stock of an opportunity to sell their shares for a “take-over” premium.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 2. Properties

We currently operate 30 manufacturing facilities totaling approximately 3,592,000 square feet and 28 sales and logistics facilities totaling approximately 3,432,000 square feet. Most sales and logistics centers consist of office and warehouse space, and several large bays for loading and unloading. Each sales and logistics center provides warehouse, distribution, sales and support functions for its geographic area. Our executive offices are located in Walnut Creek, California.

 

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The table below lists the Pet segment’s manufacturing and sales and logistics facilities. Numbers in parentheses represent multiple locations.

 

Location

  

Type of Facility

  

Owned or Leased

Phoenix, AZ (2)

   Sales and Logistics    Owned

Irwindale, CA

   Manufacturing    Leased

Sacramento, CA

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Santa Fe Springs, CA

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Aurora, CO

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Tampa, FL

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Council Bluffs, IA

   Manufacturing    Owned

Jamesburg, NJ

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Neptune City, NJ

   Manufacturing    Owned

Neptune City, NJ

   Manufacturing    Leased

Bend, OR

   Manufacturing    Leased

Cressona, PA

   Manufacturing    Owned

Pottsville, PA

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Dallas, TX

   Manufacturing    Owned

Dallas, TX

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Algona, WA

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Chilton, WI

   Manufacturing    Owned

Franklin, WI

   Manufacturing    Leased

Franklin, WI

   Manufacturing    Owned

Menasha, WI

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Guangzhou, China

   Manufacturing    Leased

Dorking, Surrey, UK

   Manufacturing    Leased

Taunton, Somerset, UK

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

 

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The table below lists the Garden segment’s manufacturing and sales and logistics facilities. Numbers in parentheses represent multiple locations.

 

Location

  

Type of Facility

  

Owned or Leased

Cullman, AL

   Sales and Logistics    Owned

Roll, AZ

   Manufacturing    Owned

Yuma, AZ

   Manufacturing    Leased

El Centro, CA

   Manufacturing    Owned

Ontario, CA

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Longmont, CO

   Manufacturing    Owned

Covington, GA

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Eatonton, GA

   Manufacturing    Owned

Eatonton, GA

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Madison, GA (2)

   Manufacturing    Leased

Madison, GA (2)

   Manufacturing    Owned

Madison, GA

   Sales and Logistics    Owned

St. Charles, IL

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Taunton, MA

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Laurel, MD

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Greenfield, MO (2)

   Manufacturing    Owned

Greenfield, MO

   Sales and Logistics    Owned

Neosho, MO

   Manufacturing    Owned

Charlotte, NC

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Sidney, NE

   Manufacturing    Owned

Fairfield, OH

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Peebles, OH

   Manufacturing    Owned

Piketon, OH

   Manufacturing    Leased

Albany, OR

   Manufacturing    Owned

Albany, OR

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Lebanon, OR

   Manufacturing    Owned

Portland, OR

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Columbia, SC

   Sales and Logistics    Owned

Grand Prairie, TX

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Kenbridge, VA

   Sales and Logistics    Leased

Northbend, WA

   Manufacturing    Leased

We are reviewing the number, location and size of our manufacturing facilities and expect to make changes over time in order to optimize our manufacturing footprint.

We lease 11 of our manufacturing facilities and 22 of our sales and logistics facilities. These leases generally expire between 2014 and 2020. Substantially all of the leases contain renewal provisions with automatic rent escalation clauses. The facilities we own are subject to major encumbrances under our principal credit facility. In addition to the facilities that are owned, our fixed assets are comprised primarily of machinery and equipment, trucks and warehousing, transportation and computer equipment.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

We may from time to time become involved in legal proceedings in the ordinary course of business. Currently, we are not a party to any legal proceedings that management believes would have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

 

Item 5. Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Our common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Stock Market under the symbol CENT, and our class A common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Stock Market under the symbol CENTA. Our Class B stock is not listed on any market and generally cannot be transferred unless converted to common stock on a one-for-one basis. The following table sets forth the high and low closing sale prices for our common stock and our Class A common stock, as reported by the NASDAQ Global Select Market, for each quarterly period during our fiscal years set forth below.

 

     Common Stock      Class A
Common Stock
 
     High      Low      High      Low  

Fiscal 2012

           

First Quarter

   $ 9.24       $ 6.66       $ 9.44       $ 6.76   

Second Quarter

     9.42         7.99         10.12         8.21   

Third Quarter

     10.93         8.25         11.10         8.45   

Fourth Quarter

     12.61         9.05         13.27         9.40   

Fiscal 2013

           

First Quarter

   $ 12.18       $ 9.19       $ 12.37       $ 9.61   

Second Quarter

     10.12         8.55         10.71         8.18   

Third Quarter

     9.10         7.10         9.14         6.90   

Fourth Quarter

     8.04         6.27         7.81         6.09   

As of December 1, 2013, there were approximately 117 holders of record of our common stock, approximately 223 holders of record of our Class A nonvoting common stock and 5 holders of record of our Class B stock.

We have not paid any cash dividends on our common stock, our Class A common stock or our Class B Stock. We currently intend to retain any earnings for use in our business and do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our common stock, our Class A common or our Class B stock in the foreseeable future. In addition, our credit facility and senior subordinated notes restrict our ability to pay dividends. See Note 11 to our consolidated financial statements.

 

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Stock Performance Graph

The following graph compares the percentage change of our cumulative total stockholder return on our Common Stock (“CENT”) for the period from September 27, 2008 to September 28, 2013 with the cumulative total return of the NASDAQ Composite (U.S.) Index and the Dow Jones Non-Durable Household Products Index, a peer group index consisting of approximately 30 manufacturers and distributors of household products.

The comparisons in the graph below are based on historical data and are not indicative of, or intended to forecast, the possible future performance of our Common Stock.

 

LOGO

Total Return Analysis

 

     9/28/08      9/26/09      9/25/10      9/24/11      9/29/12      9/28/13  

Central Garden & Pet Company

     100.00         192.47         165.30         109.49         194.60         115.06   

NASDAQ Composite

     100.00         96.77         111.20         117.08         148.66         182.99   

Dow Jones US Nondurable Household Products

     100.00         87.53         96.52         99.62         116.31         134.06   

 

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Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers

The following table sets forth the repurchases of any equity securities during the fourth quarter of the fiscal year ended September 28, 2013 and the dollar amount of authorized share repurchases, remaining under our stock repurchase program.

 

Period

   Total Number
of Shares
(or Units)

Purchased
    Average
Price Paid
per Share
(or Unit)
     Total Number of
Shares (or Units)
Purchased as

Part of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs
     Maximum Number
(or Approximate
Dollar Value) of
Shares (or Units)
that May Yet Be
Purchased Under
the Plans or
Programs (1)
 

June 30, 2013 – July 29, 2013

     2,686  (2)    $ 7.36         —         $ 50,093,000   

July 30, 2013 – August 29, 2013

     4,689  (2)      6.56         —           50,093,000   

August 30, 2013 – September 28, 2013

     105  (2)      6.24         —           50,093,000   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     7,480      $ 6.84         —         $ 50,093,000   

 

(1) During the third quarter of fiscal 2011, our Board of Directors authorized a $100 million share repurchase program. The program has no expiration date and expires when the amount authorized has been used or the Board withdraws its authorization. The repurchase of shares may be limited by certain financial covenants in our credit facility that restrict our ability to repurchase our stock.
(2) Shares purchased during the period indicated represent withholding of a portion of shares to cover taxes in connection with the vesting of restricted stock and the exercise of stock options.

 

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Item 6. Selected Financial Data

The following selected statement of operations and balance sheet data as of and for the five fiscal years in the period ended September 28, 2013 have been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements. The financial data set forth below should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto in “Item 8 – Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” and “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included elsewhere herein.

 

    Fiscal Year Ended  
    September 28,
2013
    September 29,
2012
    September 24,
2011
    September 25,
2010
    September 26,
2009
 
    (in thousands, except per share amounts)  

Statement of Operations Data:

         

Net sales(1)

  $ 1,653,633      $ 1,700,013      $ 1,628,652      $ 1,523,648      $ 1,614,300   

Cost of goods sold and occupancy

    1,189,731        1,185,855        1,134,733        1,008,482        1,086,974   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

    463,902        514,158        493,919        515,166        527,326   

Selling, general and administrative expenses

    416,038        439,737        408,744        394,092        401,340   

Goodwill and other impairments(2)

    7,709        —          —          12,000        —     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) from operations(3)

    40,155        74,421        85,175        109,074        125,986   

Interest expense, net

    (42,970     (40,170     (37,748     (33,587     (22,061

Other income (expense)

    (677     678        550        419        52   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes and noncontrolling interest

    (3,492     34,929        47,977        75,906        103,977   

Income tax expense (benefit)

    (2,592     12,816        19,595        28,110        36,368   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) including noncontrolling interest

    (900     22,113        28,382        47,796        67,609   

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

    1,029        940        59        1,963        1,661   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Central Garden & Pet Company

  $ (1,929   $ 21,173      $ 28,323      $ 45,833      $ 65,948   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) per share attributable to Central Garden & Pet Company:

         

Basic

  $ (0.04   $ 0.44      $ 0.50      $ 0.71      $ 0.95   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

  $ (0.04   $ 0.44      $ 0.50      $ 0.70      $ 0.94   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average shares used in the computation of income (loss) per share:

         

Basic

    48,094        47,622        56,217        64,272        69,499   

Diluted

    48,094        48,374        56,645        65,091        70,264   

Other Data:

         

Depreciation and amortization

  $ 32,968      $ 30,425      $ 28,566      $ 28,869      $ 29,155   

Capital expenditures

  $ 25,172      $ 39,592      $ 31,563      $ 24,190      $ 16,505   

Cash provided (used) by operating activities

  $ (28,282   $ 89,169      $ 51,008      $ 135,229      $ 221,638   

Cash used in investing activities

  $ (25,122   $ (44,477   $ (56,237   $ (41,266   $ (20,542

Cash provided (used) by financing activities

  $ 20,309      $ (8,575   $ (73,997   $ (88,167   $ (142,011

Ratio of earnings to fixed charges(4)

    —          1.84        2.23        3.20        5.36   

 

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     Fiscal Year Ended  
     September 28,
2013
     September 29,
2012
     September 24,
2011
     September 25,
2010
     September 26,
2009
 

Balance Sheet Data:

              

Cash and short term investments

   $ 32,976       $ 71,180       $ 29,851       $ 106,780       $ 85,668   

Working capital

     490,325         445,299         410,655         433,705         427,243   

Total assets

     1,161,160         1,149,547         1,093,003         1,130,884         1,150,925   

Total debt

     472,587         449,814         435,609         400,271         408,085   

Equity

     470,024         464,883         456,782         532,143         547,335   

 

(1) Fiscal years 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2013 included 52 weeks. Fiscal year 2012 included 53 weeks.
(2) During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2010, we recognized a non-cash charge of $12.0 million related to the impairment of an indefinite-lived intangible asset in our Pet segment. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013, we recognized a non-cash charge of $7.7 million related to impairment of goodwill in our Garden segment.
(3) During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013, we recognized an $11.2 million charge related to certain new products introduced in fiscal 2013 in our Garden Segment.
(4) For the purposes of determining the ratio of earnings to fixed charges, earnings consist of income (loss) before income taxes and noncontrolling interest and after eliminating undistributed earnings of equity method investees and before fixed charges. Fixed charges consist of interest expense incurred, the portion of rental expense under operating leases deemed by management to be representative of the interest factor and amortization of deferred financing costs. For the fiscal year ended September 28, 2013, earnings were insufficient to cover fixed charges by approximately $3.2 million, and the ratio is not meaningful.

 

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and the related notes and other financial information appearing elsewhere in this Form 10-K. This Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results may differ materially from those indicated in forward-looking statements. See “Forward-Looking Statements” and “Item 1A – Risk Factors.”

Overview

Central Garden & Pet Company is a leading innovator, marketer and producer of quality branded products. We are one of the largest suppliers in the pet and lawn and garden supplies industries in the United States. The total pet food and supplies industry is estimated to be approximately $30 billion in annual retail sales. We estimate the annual retail sales of the pet supplies and super-premium pet food markets in the categories in which we participate to be approximately $13.5 billion. The total lawn and garden industry in the United States, which includes equipment, supplies and services, is estimated to be approximately $21 billion in annual retail sales. We estimate the annual retail sales of the lawn and garden supplies markets in the categories in which we participate to be approximately $6 billion. In addition, we participate in the pottery and seasonal décor markets.

Our pet supplies products include products for dogs and cats, including edible bones, premium healthy edible and non-edible chews, super premium dog and cat food and treats, toys, pet carriers, grooming supplies and other accessories; products for birds, small animals and specialty pets, including food, cages and habitats, toys, chews and related accessories; animal and household health and insect control products; products for fish, reptiles and other aquarium-based pets, including aquariums, furniture and lighting fixtures, pumps, filters, water conditioners, food and supplements, and information and knowledge resources; and products for horses and livestock. These products are sold under the master brands including AdamsTM, Aqueon®, Avoderm®, BioSpot®, Farnam®, Four Paws®, Kaytee®, Nylabone®, Pinnacle®, TFHTM, Zilla® as well as a number of other brands including Altosid, Comfort Zone®, Coralife®, Interpet, Kent Marine®, Oceanic Systems®, Pet Select®, Pre-Strike®, Super Pet®, and Zodiac®.

Our lawn and garden supplies products include proprietary and non-proprietary grass seed; wild bird feed, bird feeders, bird houses and other birding accessories; weed, grass, ant and other herbicide, insecticide and pesticide products; and decorative outdoor lifestyle and lighting products including pottery, trellises and other wood products and holiday lighting. These products are sold under the master brands AMDRO®, GKI/Bethlehem Lighting®, Ironite®, Pennington®, and Sevin®, as well as a number of other brand names including Grant’s®, Lilly Miller®, Matthews Four SeasonsTM, New England Pottery®, Norcal Pottery®, Over-N-Out®, Smart Seed® and The Rebels®.

In fiscal 2013, our consolidated net sales were $1.7 billion, of which our Pet segment, or Pet, accounted for approximately $888 million and our Lawn and Garden segment, or Garden, accounted for approximately $765 million. Fiscal 2013 included one less week than fiscal 2012. In fiscal 2013, our branded product sales were approximately $1.4 billion, or approximately 83% of total sales, sales of other manufacturers’ products were approximately 17% of total sales, and our gross profit margin was 28%. In fiscal 2013, our income from operations before corporate expenses and eliminations of $64 million was $104 million, of which the Pet segment accounted for $96 million and the Garden segment accounted for $8 million.

Recent Developments

Fiscal 2013 Operating Performance. Our operating earnings decreased 46% and we incurred a net loss for the fiscal year due primarily to our Garden segment which was impacted by both a charge related to new products introduced during fiscal 2013 that did not sell through as expected and a goodwill impairment charge.

 

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Financial summary:

 

   

Net sales for fiscal 2013 decreased $46.4 million, or 2.7%, to $1,653.6 million. Our Garden segment sales decreased 0.5%, and our Pet segment sales decreased 4.6%. Fiscal 2013 and fiscal 2012 were 52 and 53 week years, respectively.

 

   

Gross margin decreased 210 basis points in fiscal 2013 to 28.1%, from 30.2% in 2012.

 

   

Our operating earnings decreased $34.2 million, or 46.0%, to $40.2 million in fiscal 2013, and decreased as a percentage of net sales to 2.4% from 4.4%. Garden segment operating earnings were impacted by an $11.2 million charge related to certain new products introduced in fiscal 2013 and a $7.7 million noncash goodwill impairment charge.

 

   

We incurred a net loss in fiscal 2013 of $1.9 million, or $0.04 per share on a diluted basis. Net earnings in fiscal 2012 were $21.2 million, or $0.44 per share on a diluted basis.

 

   

Our net cash used in operating activities was $28.3 million during fiscal 2013. In fiscal 2012, we had $89.2 million of cash provided by operating activities. Our cash and short term investments at September 28, 2013 were approximately $33 million, compared with approximately $71 million at September 29, 2012.

Leadership Change. In February 2013, John Ranelli was elected President and Chief Executive Officer. William E. Brown resigned as Chief Executive Officer, but continued as Chairman.

Asset Backed Loan Facility. On December 5, 2013, we entered into a Credit Agreement which provides for a $390 million principal amount senior secured asset-based revolving credit facility, with up to an additional $200 million principal amount available with the consent of the Lenders if the Company exercises the accordion feature set forth therein (collectively, the “Credit Facility”). The Credit Facility matures on December 5, 2018. The Company may borrow, repay and reborrow amounts under the Credit Facility until its maturity date, at which time all amounts outstanding under the Credit Facility must be repaid in full.

The Credit Facility is subject to a borrowing base, calculated using a formula based upon eligible receivables and inventory minus certain reserves and subject to restrictions. We did not draw down under the Credit Facility upon closing. Borrowings under the Credit Facility will bear interest at an index based on LIBOR or, at the option of the Company, the Base Rate (defined as the highest of (a) the SunTrust prime rate, (b) the Federal Funds Rate plus 0.5% and (c) one-month LIBOR plus 1.00%), plus, in either case, an applicable margin based on our total outstanding borrowings. The applicable margin for LIBOR-based borrowings fluctuates between 1.25% - 1.75% (and was 1.25% at the time of closing) and the applicable margin for Base Rate borrowings fluctuates between 0.25% - 0.75% (and was 0.25% at the time of closing).

Organizational Change. In fiscal 2011 and 2012, we were focused on transforming the Company from a portfolio of separately run businesses into an integrated, multi-brand company.

During fiscal 2013, we adopted a more balanced approach, as we pursued change initiatives in ways that were intended to be consistent with our key operational objectives, including improving financial performance, providing superior customer service, delivering innovative new products and building our master brands. We expect to continue this balanced approach in the future and to continue to focus on eliminating inefficiencies and improving what is not working as planned.

 

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Results of Operations

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the relative percentages that certain income and expense items bear to net sales:

 

     Fiscal Year Ended  
     September 28,
2013
    September 29,
2012
    September 24,
2011
 

Net sales

     100.0     100.0     100.0

Cost of goods sold and occupancy

     71.9        69.8        69.7   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

     28.0        30.2        30.3   

Selling, general and administrative

     25.2        25.9        25.1   

Goodwill impairment

     0.5        —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from operations

     2.4        4.3        5.2   

Interest expense, net

     (2.6     (2.4     (2.3

Other income

     —          0.1        —     

Income taxes

     (0.2     (0.7     (1.2

Noncontrolling interest

     0.1        (0.1     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

     (0.1 )%      1.2     1.7

Fiscal 2013 Compared to Fiscal 2012

Net Sales

Net sales for fiscal 2013 decreased $46.4 million, or 2.7%, to $1,653.6 million from $1,700.0 million in fiscal 2012. Fiscal 2013, which was a 52-week year, included one less week than fiscal 2012. Our branded product sales decreased $44.6 million, and sales of other manufacturers’ products decreased $1.8 million. Branded product sales include products we manufacture under Central brand names and products we manufacture under third-party brands. Sales of our branded products represented 83.2% of our total sales in fiscal 2013 compared with 83.5% in fiscal 2012.

The following table indicates each class of similar products which represented more than 10% of our consolidated net sales in the fiscal years presented (in millions):

 

Category

   2013      2012      2011  

Pet supplies (excluding wild bird feed)

   $ 807.4       $ 847.1       $ 773.1   

Controls and fertilizers

     274.9         281.7         260.0   

Wild bird feed

     210.8         205.1         197.5   

Other garden supplies

     183.5         185.7         212.1   

Grass seed

     177.0         180.4         185.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,653.6       $ 1,700.0       $ 1,628.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Our Pet segment’s net sales for fiscal 2013 decreased $42.5 million, or 4.6%, to $888.2 million from $930.7 million in fiscal 2012. The absence of the extra week impacted Pet segment sales in fiscal 2013 by approximately $16.9 million. Pet branded product sales declined due primarily to decreased sales of $13.3 million in our animal health category, and $7.6 million in our pet nutrition category. The decrease in animal health sales reflected lower direct advertising and promotional spending as well as the non-recurrence of the prior year initial sell-in to a new channel, while the decrease in pet nutrition sales was principally due to lost distribution. Sales of other manufacturers’ products decreased approximately $2.8 million as compared with fiscal 2012.

Our Garden segment’s net sales for fiscal 2013 decreased $3.9 million, or 0.5%, to $765.4 million from $769.3 million in fiscal 2012. The absence of the extra week impacted Garden segment sales in fiscal 2013 by

 

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approximately $11.4 million. Garden branded product sales increased, after taking into account the $11.4 million attributable to the extra week in the prior fiscal year, due primarily to an $8.5 million increase in wild bird feed attributable to both volume and price gains. Sales of other manufacturers’ products increased approximately $1.0 million compared to fiscal 2012.

Gross Profit

Gross profit decreased $50.2 million, or 9.8%, to $463.9 million from $514.1 million in fiscal 2012. Gross profit as a percentage of net sales declined from 30.2% in fiscal 2012 to 28.1% for fiscal 2013.

Gross profit decreased in the Pet segment for fiscal 2013 due to decreased sales and a lower gross margin than in fiscal 2012. The largest contributor to the lower gross profit and gross margin was our animal health products, which were impacted primarily by decreased sales volume of our flea and tick products and small animal products. Flea and tick product sales in the prior year included the initial sell-in to a new channel and our small animal category was impacted by increased competition and product manufacturing issues related to the closure and relocation of a production facility.

Gross profit and gross margin declined in the Garden segment due primarily to the lower profitability in our controls and fertilizer category. This category was impacted by a decline in margin, including an $11.2 million charge in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013 related to new products introduced in fiscal 2013. The fourth quarter charge related to the costs associated with inventory and product and packaging changes to certain new products introduced in the spring of 2013.

Selling, General and Administrative

Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $23.7 million, or 5.4%, from $439.7 million in fiscal 2012 to $416.0 million in fiscal 2013. As a percentage of net sales, selling, general and administrative expenses decreased from 25.9% in fiscal 2012 to 25.2% in fiscal 2013. Fiscal 2012 included an extra week, which impacted selling, general and administrative expenses by approximately $8.0 million. The change in selling, general and administrative expenses, discussed further below, was due primarily to decreased selling and delivery expense. Corporate expenses are included within administrative expense and relate to the costs of unallocated executive, administrative, finance, legal, human resource, and information technology functions.

Selling and delivery expense decreased $22.0 million, or 8.6%, from $256.0 million in fiscal 2012 to $234.0 million in fiscal 2013. Selling and delivery expense as a percentage of net sales decreased from 15.1% in fiscal 2012 to 14.2% in fiscal 2013. The decrease was due to decreased advertising and promotional expenditures in our Pet segment, headcount reductions and lower selling and delivery expense resulting from our lower sales volume.

Warehouse and administrative expense decreased $1.7 million, or 0.9%, from $183.7 million in fiscal 2012 to $182.0 million in fiscal 2013. The decrease was due primarily to payroll related and third party provider costs, partially offset by higher corporate expenses, due primarily to insurance program, information technology and payroll related costs. Increased information technology costs were primarily related to increased payroll and amortization expense related to our SAP implementation.

Impairment

We reviewed our goodwill for impairment. An impairment loss is recognized for goodwill if its carrying value exceeds its fair value. The goodwill fair values are estimated using the discounted cash flow related to the assets. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013, we recognized a non-cash charge of $7.7 million related to the impairment of goodwill within our Garden segment due to its continuing poor performance.

 

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Operating Income

Operating income decreased $34.2 million in fiscal 2013, or 46.0%, to $40.2 million from $74.4 million in fiscal 2012, due to a decrease in gross profit, as the impact of the decrease in sales was amplified by a decline in gross margin, partially offset by a decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses. Pet operating income increased $7.8 million, or 8.9%, in fiscal 2013 to $95.4 million, as a decrease in selling, general and administrative costs, more than offset the impact of decreased net sales and a 50 basis point decline in gross margin. Garden operating income decreased $32.0 million, or 79.2%, in fiscal 2013 to $8.4 million due primarily to the decline in gross margin. Garden operating income was impacted by an $11.2 million charge in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013 related to new control and fertilizer products introduced in fiscal 2013 and a $7.7 million noncash goodwill impairment charge. Corporate operating expense increased $10.0 million in fiscal 2013, or 18.7%, due primarily to an increase in insurance program costs and increased information technology expenses.

Net Interest Expense

Net interest expense increased $2.8 million, or 7.2%, from $40.2 million in fiscal 2012 to $43.0 million in fiscal 2013. Interest expense increased due to an increase in the average debt outstanding to $506 million in fiscal 2013 compared to $474 million in fiscal 2012. Our average interest rates for fiscal 2013 and 2012 were 8.1% and 8.2%, respectively. Debt outstanding on September 28, 2013 was $472.6 million compared to $499.8 million as of September 29, 2012.

Other Income (Expense)

Other income decreased $1.4 million from $0.7 million of income in fiscal 2012 to $0.7 million of expense in fiscal 2013. The decrease was due primarily to realized and unrealized gains and losses from derivative contracts used to economically hedge anticipated commodity purchases for use in our products. Other income (expense) is comprised of income from investments accounted for under the equity method of accounting, foreign currency exchange gains and losses, and realized and unrealized gains and losses from derivative contracts used to economically hedge anticipated commodity purchases for use in our products.

Income Taxes

Our effective income tax rate in fiscal 2013 was a 74.3% benefit, compared to 36.7% expense in fiscal 2012. The tax rate in fiscal 2013 was impacted by tax credits available in the current year applied to the fiscal 2013 loss.

Fiscal 2012 Compared to Fiscal 2011

Net Sales

Net sales for fiscal 2012 increased $71.4 million, or 4.4 %, to $1,700.0 million from $1,628.6 million in fiscal 2011. The increase was due to a $44.4 million, or 3.2%, increase in our branded product sales and a $27.0 million, or 10.7%, increase in the sales of other manufacturers’ products. Branded product sales include products we manufacture under Central brand names and products we manufacture under third-party brands. Sales of our branded products represented 83.5% of our total sales in fiscal 2012. In addition, fiscal 2012 included an extra week as compared to fiscal 2011.

Our Pet segment’s net sales for fiscal 2012 increased $79.4 million, or 9.3%, to $930.7 million from $851.3 million in fiscal 2011. Pet branded product sales increased $62.6 million and sales of other manufacturers’ products increased $16.8 million as compared with fiscal 2011. We experienced sales increases in most of our Pet categories, including a $37.1 million increase in our animal health category, due primarily to innovation and increased distribution of our flea and tick products. Additionally, our aquatics product sales increased $11.0 million due primarily to increased consumables sales.

 

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Our Garden segment’s net sales for fiscal 2012 decreased $8.0 million, or 1.0%, to $769.3 million from $777.3 million in fiscal 2011. In fiscal 2012, garden branded product sales declined $18.2 million and sales of other manufacturers’ products increased $10.2 million compared with fiscal 2011. Garden branded product sales declined due primarily to a $26.3 million decrease in revenues of our other garden supply products, including a $24.8 million decline in seasonal décor products and a $2.4 million decline in pottery products, partially offset by a $21.7 million increase in sales of controls and fertilizers. Seasonal décor products were impacted by decreased sales programs in the current fiscal year and by increased sales returns. The majority of the decrease in seasonal décor and pottery occurred in our fourth fiscal quarter. Garden controls and fertilizer sales increased primarily due to growth in overall category demand, but were adversely affected by an early season surge in demand which coincided with operational disruptions arising from our transformational activities during our second fiscal quarter.

Gross Profit

Gross profit increased $20.2 million, or 4.1%, to $514.1 million from $493.9 million in fiscal 2011. Gross profit as a percentage of net sales declined from 30.3% in fiscal 2011 to 30.2% for fiscal 2012. Gross profit as a percentage of net sales decreased in the garden segment and was partially offset by an increase in the pet segment. In fiscal 2012, pressure on our margins from increases in raw material input costs experienced in fiscal 2011 was somewhat mitigated in fiscal 2012 by price increases.

Both gross profit and gross margin increased in the Pet segment due primarily to increased sales of our flea and tick products in our animal health category, and increased margin on sales of wild bird feed products, which was heavily impacted in the prior year due primarily to higher prices of key commodity ingredients. These increases were partially offset by decreased margin in the dog & cat category which was impacted by operational disruptions in our second fiscal quarter.

Gross profit and gross margin decreased in the Garden segment. Seasonal décor products were impacted by reduced revenues in fiscal 2012, primarily due to a decrease in seasonal sales programs, increased sales returns and expenses. Grass seed was impacted by sales mix and increased costs in part due to lower than expected sales volumes. Additionally, the sales increase in garden controls and fertilizer products led to increased gross profit but decreased margin due to higher input and production costs as a result of a number of factors, including the operational disruptions encountered in our second fiscal quarter.

Selling, General and Administrative

Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $31.0 million, or 7.6%, from $408.7 million in fiscal 2011 to $439.7 million in fiscal 2012. As a percentage of net sales, selling, general and administrative expenses increased from 25.1% in fiscal 2011 to 25.9% in fiscal 2012. The change in selling, general and administrative expenses, discussed further below, was due primarily to increased selling and delivery expense.

Selling and delivery expense increased by $28.8 million, or 12.7%, from $227.2 million in fiscal 2011 to $256.0 million in fiscal 2012. The increased expense was due primarily to increased advertising and marketing program expenditures, including brand building activities, increased marketing personnel and variable compensation expenses related to the increase in sales, and delivery expenses also related to the increased sales in the period. The increased costs noted above include approximately $6.0 million of expenses previously reported within warehouse and administrative expense, discussed further below. Selling and delivery expenses as a percentage of net sales increased from 14.0% in fiscal 2011 to 15.1% in fiscal 2012.

Warehouse and administrative expense increased $2.2 million, or 1.2%, from $181.5 million in fiscal 2011 to $183.7 million in fiscal 2012. We have reorganized operating units, realigned reporting lines and departments and moved personnel between departments in an effort to align our operations with our transformational objectives. As such, approximately $6.0 million of expenses previously reported within warehouse and

 

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administrative expense are now included in selling and delivery expense. The increase in warehouse and administrative expense, after taking into account the $6.0 million amount now part of selling and delivery expense, was $8.2 million, or 4.5%. The increase was due primarily to approximately $6.7 million of additional expense related to transformation activities. These transformation costs include costs for severance, facility exit costs, and our shared service center start up costs.

Within warehouse and administrative expense, approximately $5.3 million of expense shifted from our operating segments and are now part of corporate expense. These expenses were primarily related to our supply chain management team and our operational excellence teams.

Operating Income

Operating income decreased $10.8 million in fiscal 2012, or 12.6%, to $74.4 million from $85.2 million in fiscal 2011, due to increased sales and gross profit offset by a lower gross margin and increased selling, general and administrative costs. Operating income declined in Garden and operating expense increased in Corporate, partially offset by an increase in Pet. Pet operating income increased $10.0 million in fiscal 2012, or 12.9%, due primarily to increased sales and an improved gross margin, partially offset by increased selling, general and administrative costs, primarily increased advertising and marketing costs. Garden operating income declined $9.7 million in fiscal 2012, or 19.4%, to $40.3 million from $50.0 million in fiscal 2011 due primarily to lower sales and a lower gross margin. Corporate operating expense increased $11.1 million in fiscal 2012, or 26.1%, due primarily to the Company’s transformational efforts to centralize certain supply chain activities that were either new or formerly performed within the business units. This resulted in additional corporate operating expenses of $5.3 million. The remaining increase in Corporate operating expenses primarily related to increased legal costs and other transformational activity costs that are managed centrally.

Interest Expense

Net interest expense increased $2.4 million, or 6.4%, from $37.8 million in fiscal 2011 to $40.2 million in fiscal 2012. Interest expense increased due to an increase in the average debt outstanding to $474 million in fiscal 2012 compared to $443 million in fiscal 2011. In February 2012, we issued an additional $50 million aggregate principal amount of 8.25% senior subordinated notes due 2018 at a price of 98.501% of the principal amount of the notes. The notes are part of a series of 8.25% senior subordinated notes due 2018 issued by the Company in March 2010.

Our average interest rates for fiscal 2012 and 2011 were 8.2% and 8.1%, respectively. Debt outstanding on September 29, 2012 was $449.8 million compared to $435.6 million as of September 24, 2011.

Other Income

Other income increased $0.1 million from $0.6 million in fiscal 2011 to $0.7 million in fiscal 2012. While the majority of the amounts in both fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011 are related to earnings from investments accounted for under the equity method investment of accounting, the increase was primarily due to lower foreign exchange losses.

Income Taxes

Our effective income tax rate in fiscal 2012 decreased to 36.7%, compared to 40.8% in fiscal 2011 due primarily to increased tax valuation allowances in fiscal 2011.

Inflation

Our revenues and margins are dependent on various economic factors, including rates of inflation, energy costs, consumer attitudes toward discretionary spending, currency fluctuations, and other macro-economic

 

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factors which may impact levels of consumer spending. Historically, in certain fiscal periods, we have been adversely impacted by rising input costs related to domestic inflation, particularly relating to grain and seed prices, fuel prices and the ingredients used in our garden controls and fertilizer. Rising costs have made it difficult for us to increase prices to our retail customers at a pace sufficient to enable us to maintain margins.

In recent years, our business was negatively impacted by low consumer confidence, as well as other macro-economic factors. In fiscal 2012, commodity costs continued to increase and they remained at elevated levels in fiscal 2013. We continue to monitor commodity prices in order to take action to mitigate the impact of increasing raw material costs.

Weather and Seasonality

Our sales of lawn and garden products are influenced by weather and climate conditions in the different markets we serve. Additionally, our Garden segment’s business is highly seasonal. In fiscal 2013, approximately 68% of our Garden segment’s net sales and 60% of our total net sales occurred during our second and third fiscal quarters. Substantially all of the Garden segment’s operating income is typically generated in this period, which has historically offset the operating loss incurred during the first fiscal quarter of the year.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

We have financed our growth through a combination of internally generated funds, bank borrowings, supplier credit, and sales of equity and debt securities to the public.

Our business is seasonal and our working capital requirements and capital resources track closely to this seasonal pattern. Generally, during the first fiscal quarter, accounts receivable reach their lowest level while inventory, accounts payable and short-term borrowings begin to increase. During the second fiscal quarter, receivables, accounts payable and short-term borrowings increase, reflecting the build-up of inventory and related payables in anticipation of the peak lawn and garden selling season. During the third fiscal quarter, inventory levels remain relatively constant while accounts receivable peak and short-term borrowings start to decline as cash collections are received during the peak selling season. During the fourth fiscal quarter, inventory levels are at their lowest, and accounts receivable and payables are substantially reduced through conversion of receivables to cash.

We service two broad markets: pet supplies and lawn and garden supplies. Our pet supplies businesses involve products that have a year round selling cycle with a slight degree of seasonality. As a result, it is not necessary to maintain large quantities of inventory to meet peak demands. On the other hand, our lawn and garden businesses are highly seasonal with approximately 68% of our Garden segment’s net sales occurring during the second and third fiscal quarters. This seasonality requires the shipment of large quantities of product well ahead of the peak consumer buying periods. To encourage retailers and distributors to stock large quantities of inventory, industry practice has been for manufacturers to give extended credit terms and/or promotional discounts.

Operating Activities

Net cash used in operating activities increased $117.5 million, from $89.2 million of cash provided by operating activities in fiscal 2012 to $28.3 million of cash used in operating activities in fiscal 2013. The increase in cash used in operating activities was due primarily to increases in our working capital accounts, principally inventory. Inventory balances increased over the prior year as we built safety stock to ensure we could meet the anticipated needs of our customers. Higher inventory levels also reflected a weaker than anticipated Garden season and poor sell-through of our two newly introduced garden products. Additionally, strategic purchases and cost inflation impacted our inventory levels.

Cash provided by operating activities increased $38.2 million from $51.0 million in fiscal 2011 to $89.2 million in fiscal 2012. The increase was due primarily to a decrease in working capital investment, principally

 

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inventory, as the growth in inventory in prior years was not necessary in the current year. Our working capital accounts decreased approximately $6.6 million from the end of fiscal 2011 due primarily to decreased investment in inventory as compared to fiscal 2011.

Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities decreased $19.4 million from approximately $44.5 million in fiscal 2012 to approximately $25.1 million in fiscal 2013. The decrease in cash used in investing activities was due primarily to a decrease in capital expenditures in the current year. The amount invested in facility consolidation and our ERP implementation in fiscal 2012 was below the amount invested in fiscal 2013. During fiscal 2013, we received proceeds from the sale of short term investments, which were offset by payments made related to the acquisition of FourStar Microbial Products, LLC (“Four Star Microbial”). In December 2012, we acquired the remaining majority interest in FourStar Microbial for approximately $4.8 million in cash with possible contingent future performance-based payments. The operating results of FourStar Microbial had no material impact on our consolidated financial statements and the purchase price paid is included in other assets and liabilities on our consolidated balance sheets. While the acquisition did not have a material impact on our fiscal 2013 financial results, it should enhance our capability to service professional providers of mosquito abatement.

Net cash used in investing activities decreased $11.7 million from approximately $56.2 million in fiscal 2011 to approximately $44.5 million in fiscal 2012. The decrease in cash used in investing activities in fiscal 2012 was due primarily to our acquisition of certain assets of a privately-held maker of premium fertilizer for the professional and retail markets for approximately $23 million in cash in our Garden segment in fiscal 2011, partially offset by an increase of $8.0 million of plant, property and equipment investment in fiscal 2012.

Financing Activities

Net cash provided by financing activities increased $28.9 million from $8.6 million of cash used by financing activities in fiscal 2012 to $20.3 million of cash provided by financing activities in fiscal 2013. The increase in cash provided was due primarily to increased net borrowings under our revolving credit facility in fiscal 2013 compared to fiscal 2012. The higher net borrowings in fiscal 2013 were partially offset by lower repurchases of our common stock. During fiscal 2013, our repurchases of our common stock totaled $1.5 million, compared to $36.2 million in fiscal 2012.

Net cash used in financing activities decreased $65.4 million from $74.0 million in fiscal 2011 to $8.6 million in fiscal 2012. The decrease in cash used was due primarily to our private placement of an additional $50 million aggregate principal amount of our 2018 Notes during the second quarter of fiscal 2012, lower net borrowings under our revolving credit facility in the current year compared to the prior year period, and lower repurchases of our common stock during fiscal 2012. During fiscal 2012, we repurchased $20.9 million of our common stock which consisted of 0.7 million shares of our voting common stock (CENT) at an aggregate cost of approximately $5.6 million, or approximately $8.02 per share, and 1.9 million shares of our non-voting Class A common stock (CENTA) at an aggregate cost of approximately $15.3 million, or approximately $8.05 per share.

We expect that our principal sources of funds will be cash generated from our operations and, if necessary, borrowings under our $390 million asset backed loan facility. Based on our anticipated cash needs, availability under our asset backed loan facility and the scheduled maturity of our debt, we believe that our sources of liquidity should be adequate to meet our working capital, capital spending and other cash needs for at least the next 12 months. However, we cannot assure you that these sources will continue to provide us with sufficient liquidity and, should we require it, that we will be able to obtain financing on terms satisfactory to us, or at all.

We believe that cash flows from operating activities, funds available under our asset backed loan facility, and arrangements with suppliers will be adequate to fund our presently anticipated working capital requirements for the foreseeable future. We anticipate that our capital expenditures will not exceed $30 million for the next 12 months, which are related primarily to replacements and upgrades to plant and equipment and investment in our implementation of a scalable enterprise-wide information technology platform. We are investing in this information

 

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technology platform to improve existing operations, support future growth and enable us to take advantage of new applications and technologies. We have invested approximately $82 million from fiscal 2005 through fiscal 2013 in this initiative. Capital expenditures for 2014 and beyond will depend upon the pace of conversion of those remaining legacy systems. This initiative, when complete, will combine our numerous information systems and create a common business model and common data, which should create greater efficiency and effectiveness.

As part of our growth strategy, we have acquired a number of companies in the past, and we anticipate that we will continue to evaluate potential acquisition candidates in the future. If one or more potential acquisition opportunities, including those that would be material, become available in the near future, we may require additional external capital. In addition, such acquisitions would subject us to the general risks associated with acquiring companies, particularly if the acquisitions are relatively large.

Stock Repurchases

During fiscal 2013, we repurchased 0.2 million shares of our non-voting Class A common stock (CENTA) at an aggregate cost of approximately $1.5 million, or approximately $9.06 per share. During the third quarter of fiscal 2011, our Board of Directors authorized a $100 million share repurchase program, under which approximately $50.1 million is available for repurchases in fiscal 2014 and thereafter.

At September 28, 2013, our total debt outstanding was $472.6 million versus $449.8 million at September 29, 2012.

Senior Credit Facility

On June 8, 2011, we amended our $275 million, five-year senior secured revolving credit facility (the “Old Credit Facility”) included in our Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Old Credit Agreement”). Under the modified terms, the Old Credit Facility has a borrowing capacity of $375 million and a maturity date of June 2016. On August 1, 2013 we further amended the Old Credit Facility. Under the terms of this amendment, our minimum interest coverage ratio was further reduced to 2.25 times, from 2.5 times and a minimum asset coverage ratio was added at 1.1 times. There was $23 million outstanding as of September 28, 2013 under the Old Credit Facility. There were no letters of credit outstanding under the Old Credit Facility as of September 28, 2013. There were other letters of credit of $17.5 million outstanding as of September 28, 2013. As of September 28, 2013, there were $351.1 million of unused commitments under the Old Credit Facility or, after giving effect to the financial covenants in the Old Credit Agreement, $166.9 million of available unused commitments.

As of September 28, 2013, the applicable interest rate on the Old Credit Facility related to alternate base rate borrowings was 5.0%, and the applicable interest rate related to LIBOR rate borrowings was 2.9%.

The Old Credit Facility was guaranteed by our material subsidiaries and was secured by our assets, excluding real property but including substantially all of the capital stock of our subsidiaries. The Old Credit Agreement contained certain financial and other covenants which required us to maintain minimum levels of interest coverage and maximum levels of senior debt to EBITDA and that restrict our ability to repurchase our stock, make investments in or acquisitions of other businesses and pay dividends above certain levels over the life of the Old Credit Facility. We were in compliance with all financial covenants as of September 28, 2013.

Asset Backed Loan Facility

On December 5, 2013, we entered into new credit agreement which provides for a $390 million principal amount senior secured asset-based revolving credit facility, with up to an additional $200 million principal amount available with the consent of the Lenders if we exercise the accordion feature set forth therein (collectively, the “Credit Facility”). The Credit Facility matures on December 5, 2018 and replaced our Old Credit Facility. The Company may borrow, repay and reborrow amounts under the Credit Facility until its maturity date, at which time all amounts outstanding under the Credit Facility must be repaid in full.

 

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The Credit Facility is subject to a borrowing base, reduced capacity due to reserves and certain other restrictions. The borrowing base is calculated using a formula based upon eligible receivables and inventory minus certain reserves. Had the Credit Facility been in place as of September 28, 2013, the borrowing base would have been approximately $325 million.

Borrowings under the Credit Facility will bear interest at an index based on LIBOR or, at the option of the Company, the Base Rate (defined as the highest of (a) the SunTrust prime rate, (b) the Federal Funds Rate plus 0.5% and (c) one-month LIBOR plus 1.00%), plus, in either case, an applicable margin based on our total outstanding borrowings. The applicable margin for LIBOR-based borrowings fluctuates between 1.25% – 1.75% (and was 1.25% at the time of closing) and the applicable margin for Base Rate borrowings fluctuates between 0.25% and 0.75% (and was 0.25% at closing).

Senior Subordinated Notes

On March 8, 2010, we issued $400 million aggregate principal amount of 8.25% senior subordinated notes due March 1, 2018 (the “2018 Notes”). On February 13, 2012, we issued an additional $50 million aggregate principal amount of our 2018 Notes at a price of 98.501%, plus accrued interest from September 1, 2011, in a private placement. We used the net proceeds from the offering to pay a portion of the outstanding balance under our Old Credit Facility.

The estimated fair value of our $450 million of 2018 Notes as of September 28, 2013 was approximately $449.5 million. The estimated fair value is based on quoted market prices for these notes.

The 2018 Notes require semiannual interest payments, which commenced on September 1, 2010. The 2018 Notes are unsecured senior subordinated obligations and are subordinated to all of our existing and future senior debt, including our Credit Facility. The obligations under the 2018 Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by each of our existing and future domestic restricted subsidiaries with certain exceptions. The guarantees are general unsecured senior subordinated obligations of the guarantors and are subordinated to all existing and future senior debt of the guarantors.

We may redeem some or all of the 2018 Notes at any time prior to March 1, 2014 at the principal amount plus a “make whole” premium. We may redeem some or all of the 2018 Notes at any time on or after March 1, 2014 for 104.125%, after March 1, 2015 for 102.063% and after March 1, 2016 for 100%, plus accrued and unpaid interest. The holders of the 2018 Notes have the right to require us to repurchase all or a portion of the 2018 Notes at a purchase price equal to 101% of the principal amount of the notes repurchased, plus accrued and unpaid interest upon the occurrence of a change of control.

The 2018 Notes contain customary high yield covenants, including covenants limiting debt incurrence and restricted payments, subject to certain baskets and exceptions. We were in compliance with all financial covenants as of September 28, 2013.

Contractual Obligations

The table below presents our significant contractual cash obligations by fiscal year:

 

Contractual Obligations

  Fiscal
2014
    Fiscal
2015
    Fiscal
2016
    Fiscal
2017
    Fiscal
2018
    Thereafter     Total  
    (in millions)  

Long-term debt, including current maturities (1)

  $ 0.1      $ 0.1      $ 23.0      $ —        $ 450.0      $ —        $ 473.2   

Interest payment obligations (2)

    37.1        37.1        37.1        37.1        18.6        —          167.0   

Operating leases

    15.9        12.0        8.6        6.0        2.1        1.7        46.3   

Purchase commitments (3)

    106.8        48.8        28.8        16.1        11.6        6.6        218.7   

Performance-based payments (4)

    —          —          —          —          —          —          —     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $ 159.9      $ 98.0      $ 97.5      $ 59.2      $ 482.3      $ 8.3      $ 905.2   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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(1) Excludes $17.5 million of outstanding letters of credit related to normal business transactions. Excludes unamortized discount of $0.6 million related to the $450 million 2018 Notes. See Note 11 to the consolidated financial statements for further discussion of long-term debt.
(2) Estimated interest payments to be made on our long-term debt. See Note 11 to the consolidated financial statements for description of interest rate terms.
(3) Contracts for purchases of grains, grass seed and pet food ingredients, used primarily to mitigate risk associated with increases in market prices and commodity availability.
(4) Possible performance-based payments associated with prior acquisitions of businesses are not included in the above table, because they are based on future performance of the businesses acquired, which is not yet known. Performance-based payments were not owed or made in fiscal 2013 and 2012, and were approximately $1.9 million in fiscal 2011. Potential performance-based periods extend through 2015. In addition, we may be obligated to pay up to $5.1 million in future performance payments if and when certain revenue targets are achieved.

As of September 28, 2013, we had unrecognized tax benefits of $0.4 million. These amounts have been excluded from the contractual obligations table because a reasonably reliable estimate of the timing of future tax settlements cannot be determined.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have not entered into any transactions with unconsolidated entities whereby we have financial guarantees, subordinated retained interests, derivative instruments or other contingent arrangements that expose us to material continuing risks, contingent liabilities, or any other obligation under a variable interest in an unconsolidated entity that provides financing, liquidity, market risk or credit risk support to us.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Comprehensive Income

In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-05, “Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Presentation of Comprehensive Income.” ASU No. 2011-05 requires that all nonowner changes in stockholders’ equity be presented either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements, eliminating the option to present other comprehensive income in the statement of changes in equity. Under either choice, items that are reclassified from other comprehensive income to net income are required to be presented on the face of the financial statements where the components of net income and the components of other comprehensive income are presented. In December 2011, the FASB issued an update to ASU No. 2011-05, ASU No. 2011-12, which was issued to defer the effective date for amendments to the reclassifications of items out of accumulated other comprehensive income in ASU No. 2011-05. ASU 2011-05 and the amendments in ASU No. 2011-12 are effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011 and became effective for us on September 30, 2012. We elected to report other comprehensive income and its components in a separate statement of comprehensive income. While the new guidance changed the presentation of comprehensive income, there were no changes to the components that are recognized in net income or other comprehensive income as determined under previous accounting guidance. The amended guidance did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In February 2013, the FASB issued ASU No. 2013-02, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220)—Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (ASU 2013-02). This guidance requires entities to disclose, either in the notes to the consolidated financial statements or parenthetically on the face of the statement that reports comprehensive income (loss), items reclassified out of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and into net earnings in their entirety and the effect of the reclassification on each affected Statement of Operations line item. In addition, for Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) reclassification items that are not reclassified in their entirety into net earnings, a cross reference to other

 

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required accounting standard disclosures is required. This guidance became effective for us on September 29, 2013. This new guidance did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Goodwill

In September 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-08, “Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Goodwill for Impairment, which amended the guidance on the annual testing of goodwill for impairment. The amended guidance will allow companies to assess qualitative factors to determine if it is more-likely-than-not that goodwill might be impaired and whether it is necessary to perform the two-step goodwill impairment test required under current accounting standards. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011, and became effective for us on September 30, 2012. This new guidance did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Intangible Assets

In July 2012, the FASB issued an ASU No. 2012-02, “Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets for Impairment, which simplifies the manner in which companies test indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment. The ASU permits companies to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether events and circumstances indicate that it is more likely than not that the indefinite-lived intangible asset is impaired as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform a quantitative impairment test. The ASU is effective for annual and interim impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after September 15, 2012, with early adoption permitted. The guidance became effective for us on September 30, 2012. This new guidance did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Critical Accounting Policies, Estimates and Judgments

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts and related disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Estimates and assumptions are required for, but are not limited to, accounts receivable and inventory realizable values, fixed asset lives, long-lived asset valuation and impairments, intangible asset lives, stock-based compensation, deferred and current income taxes, self-insurance accruals and the impact of contingencies and litigation. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the result of which forms the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from those estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

Although not all inclusive, we believe that the following represent the more critical accounting policies, which are subject to estimates and assumptions used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

We record an allowance for credit losses and disputed balances associated with our customers’ failure to make required payments. We estimate our allowance based on both specific identification, historical experience, customer concentrations, customer credit-worthiness and current economic trends. Generally, we require no collateral from our customers. If the financial condition of our customers were to deteriorate, we were not able to demonstrate the validity of amounts due or if future default rates on trade receivables in general differ from those currently anticipated, additional allowances may be required, which would effect earnings in the period the adjustments are made. For more information, see Note 6 to our consolidated financial statements.

 

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Inventory

Inventory, which primarily consists of lawn and garden products and pet supplies finished goods, is stated at the lower of first-in first-out (“FIFO”) cost or market. Cost includes certain indirect purchasing, merchandise handling and storage costs incurred to acquire or manufacture inventory, costs to unload, process and put away shipments received to prepare them to be picked for orders, and certain overhead costs. We compute the amount of such costs capitalized to inventory based on an estimate of costs related to the procurement and processing of inventory to prepare it for sale compared to total product purchases. When necessary, we have reduced the carrying value of our inventory if market conditions indicate that we will not recover the carrying cost upon sale. Future adverse changes in market conditions related to our products could result in an additional charge to income in the period in which such conditions occur.

Goodwill

Goodwill represents the excess of cost of an acquired business over the fair value of the identifiable tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination. Identifiable intangible assets acquired in business combinations are recorded based on their fair values at the date of acquisition. Goodwill and identifiable intangible assets with indefinite lives are not subject to amortization but must be evaluated for impairment.

We test goodwill for impairment annually (on the first day of the fourth fiscal quarter), or whenever events occur or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount, by initially comparing the fair value of each of our four reporting units to their related carrying values. If the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying value, we perform an additional step to determine the implied fair value of goodwill associated with that reporting unit. The implied fair value of goodwill is determined by first allocating the fair value of the reporting unit to all of its assets and liabilities and then computing the excess of the reporting unit’s fair value over the amounts assigned to the assets and liabilities. If the carrying value of goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of goodwill, such excess represents the amount of goodwill impairment, and, accordingly, we recognize such impairment. Our goodwill impairment analysis also includes a comparison of the aggregate estimated fair value of all four reporting units to our total market capitalization.

Determining the fair value of a reporting unit involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions. The estimate of fair value of each of our reporting units is based on our projection of revenues, gross margin, operating costs and cash flows considering historical and estimated future results, general economic and market conditions as well as the impact of planned business and operational strategies. We base our fair value estimates on assumptions we believe to be reasonable at the time, but such assumptions are subject to inherent uncertainty. Assumptions critical to our fair value estimates were: (i) discount rates used in determining the fair value of the reporting units; (ii) estimated future cash flows; and (iii) projected revenue and operating profit growth rates used in the reporting unit models. Actual results may differ from those estimates. The valuations employ present value techniques to measure fair value and consider market factors.

In connection with our annual goodwill impairment testing performed during fiscal 2013, the first step of such testing indicated that the fair value of our Pet segment reporting units exceeded their carrying value, and accordingly, no further testing of goodwill was required for the Pet segment. However, the carrying value of our Garden segment reporting units exceeded their estimated fair value, indicating potential impairment. Based on further analysis, it was determined that the entire carrying value of our Garden segment goodwill was impaired, resulting in a non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $7.7 million.

In connection with our annual goodwill impairment testing performed during fiscal 2012 and 2011, the first step of such testing indicated that the fair value of our reporting segments exceeded their carrying value by more than 10%, and accordingly, no further testing of goodwill was required.

 

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Changes in the judgments and estimates underlying our analysis of goodwill for possible impairment, including expected future cash flows and discount rate, could result in a significantly different estimate of the fair value of the reporting units in the future and could result in additional impairment of goodwill.

Intangible assets

Indefinite-lived intangible assets consist primarily of acquired trade names and trademarks. Indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested annually for impairment or whenever events or changes in circumstances occur indicating that the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable. An impairment loss would be recognized for an intangible asset with an indefinite useful life if its carrying value exceeds its fair value.

Indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested for impairment by comparing the fair value of the asset to the carrying value. Fair value is determined based on discounted cash flow analyses that include significant management assumptions such as revenue growth rates, discount rates, weighted average cost of capital, and assumed royalty rates. Future net sales and short-term growth rates are estimated for trade names based on management’s forecasted financial results which consider key business drivers such as specific revenue growth initiatives, market share changes and general economic factors such as consumer spending.

During fiscal 2013, we performed an evaluation of the fair value of our indefinite-lived trade names and trademarks. Our expected revenues were based on our fiscal 2014 plan and market growth or decline estimates for fiscal 2014 through fiscal 2019. No impairment was indicated during our fiscal 2013 analysis of our indefinite-lived trade names and trademarks.

During fiscal 2012, we performed an evaluation of the fair value of our indefinite-lived trade names and trademarks. Our expected revenues were based on our fiscal 2013 plan and market growth or decline estimates for fiscal 2013 through fiscal 2018. We also included revenue growth estimates based on current initiatives expected to help us improve performance. No impairment was indicated during our fiscal 2012 analysis of our indefinite-lived trade names and trademarks.

Long-Lived Assets

We review our long-lived assets, including amortizable intangibles and property, plant and equipment, for potential impairment whenever events or changes in business circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be fully recoverable. An impairment loss would be recognized for amortizable intangible assets and property, plant and equipment when estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to result from use of the asset are less than its carrying amount. Management determines fair value by estimating future cash flows as a result of forecasting sales and costs. Impairment, if any, is measured as the amount by which the carrying amount of a long-lived asset exceeds its fair value. No factors indicating the carrying value of our long-lived assets may not be recoverable were present in fiscal 2013, and accordingly, no impairment testing was performed on these assets. No factors indicating the carrying value of our long-lived assets may not be recoverable were present in fiscal 2012, and accordingly, no impairment testing was performed on these assets. Should market conditions or the assumptions used by us in determining the fair value of assets change, or management change plans regarding the future usage of certain assets, additional charges to operations may be required in the period in which such conditions occur.

Income Taxes

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred income taxes result primarily from bad debt allowances, inventory and goodwill write-downs, depreciation and nondeductible reserves. We establish a valuation allowance for deferred tax assets when management believes it is more likely than not a deferred tax asset will not be realized. As of fiscal 2013 and 2012, we had valuation allowances related to various state and foreign net deferred tax assets of $7.0 million and $7.3 million, respectively. We have no undistributed foreign earnings.

 

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Accruals for Self-Insurance

We maintain insurance for certain risks, including workers’ compensation, general liability and vehicle liability, and are self-insured for employee related health care benefits. Our workers’ compensation, general liability and vehicle liability insurance policies include deductibles of $250,000 to $350,000 per occurrence, with a separate deductible of $50,000 for physical damage. We maintain excess loss insurance that covers any health care claims in excess of $700,000 per person per year. We maintain a self-insurance reserve for losses, determined with assistance from a third-party actuary, based on claims filed and actuarial estimates of the ultimate loss amount inherent in the claims, including losses for claims incurred but not reported. Any actuarial projection of losses concerning workers’ compensation and general liability is subject to a high degree of variability. Among the causes of this variability are unpredictable external factors affecting future inflation rates, discount rates, litigation trends, legal interpretations, benefit level changes and claim settlement patterns. We do not believe there is a reasonable likelihood that there will be a material change in the estimates or assumptions we use to calculate our self-insurance liabilities. However, any differences in estimates and assumptions could result in accrual requirements materially different from the calculated accruals.

Acquisitions

In connection with businesses we acquire, management must determine the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed. Considerable judgment and estimates are required to determine such amounts, particularly as they relate to identifiable intangible assets, and the applicable useful lives related thereto. Under different assumptions, the resulting valuations could be materially different, which could materially impact the operating results we report.

Our contractual commitments are presented in Liquidity and Capital Resources.

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk

We are exposed to market risks, which include changes in U.S. interest rates and commodity prices and, to a lesser extent, foreign exchange rates. We do not engage in financial transactions for trading or speculative purposes.

Interest Rate Risk. The interest payable on our Old Credit Facility was, and the New Credit Facility is, based on variable interest rates and therefore affected by changes in market interest rates. We had $23.0 million of variable rate debt outstanding as of September 28, 2013 under our Old Credit Facility. If interest rates on our average variable rate debt outstanding during the fiscal year had changed by 100 basis points compared to actual rates, interest expense would have increased or decreased by approximately $0.6 million in fiscal 2013. In addition, we have investments consisting of cash equivalents and short-term investments, which are also affected by changes in market interest rates.

Commodity Prices. We are exposed to fluctuations in market prices for grains, grass seed, chemicals, fertilizer ingredients and pet food ingredients. To mitigate risk associated with increases in market prices and commodity availability, we enter into contracts for purchases, primarily to ensure commodity availability to us in the future. As of September 28, 2013, we had entered into fixed purchase commitments for commodities totaling approximately $218.7 million. A 10% change in the market price for these commodities would result in an additional pretax gain or loss of $21.9 million as the related inventory containing those inputs is sold.

Foreign Currency Risks. Our market risk associated with foreign currency rates is not considered to be material. To date, we have had minimal sales outside of the United States. Purchases made by our U.S. subsidiaries from foreign vendors are primarily made in U.S. dollars. Our international subsidiary transacts most of its business in British pounds. Therefore, we have only minimal exposure to foreign currency exchange risk. We do not hedge against foreign currency risks and believe that foreign currency exchange risk is immaterial to our current business.

 

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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

See pages beginning at F-1.

 

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Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

None.

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. Our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have reviewed, as of the end of the period covered by this report, the “disclosure controls and procedures” (as defined in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) that ensure that information relating to the Company required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported in a timely and proper manner and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based upon this review, such officers concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 28, 2013.

(b) Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated whether any change in our internal control over financial reporting occurred during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013. Based on that evaluation, management concluded that there has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

(c) Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. A copy of our management’s report and the report of Deloitte & Touche LLP, our independent registered public accounting firm, are included in our Financial Statements and Supplementary Data beginning on page F-1.

Item 9B. Other Information

None.

PART III

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

We have adopted a code of ethics that applies to all of our executive officers and directors, a copy of which is filed herewith as Exhibit 14.

The remaining information required by this item is incorporated by reference from Central’s Definitive Proxy Statement for its 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders under the captions “Election of Directors,” “Further Information Concerning the Board of Directors – Committees of the Board”, “Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance” and “Code of Ethics.” See also Item 1 – Business above.

Item 11. Executive Compensation

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference from Central’s Definitive Proxy Statement for its 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders under the captions “Executive Compensation” and “Further Information Concerning the Board of Directors – Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation.”

 

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Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference from Central’s Definitive Proxy Statement for its 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders under the captions “Ownership of Management and Principal Stockholders” and Executive Compensation – “Equity Compensation Plan Information.”

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference from Central’s Definitive Proxy Statement for its 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders under the captions “Further Information Concerning the Board of Directors – Board Independence” and “Transactions with the Company.”

Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference from Central’s Definitive Proxy Statement for its 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders under the caption “Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.”

PART IV

Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

 

  (a) The following documents are filed as part of this report:

 

  (1) Consolidated Financial Statements of Central Garden & Pet Company are attached to this Form 10-K beginning on page F-1:

Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

Consolidated Balance Sheets

Consolidated Statements of Operations

Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

All other schedules are omitted because of the absence of conditions under which they are required or because the required information is included in the consolidated financial statements or notes thereto.

 

  (2) Exhibits:

See attached Exhibit Index.

 

49


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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

Date: December 11, 2013

 

CCENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

By

 

/S/    JOHN R. RANELLI

 

John R. Ranelli

 

Chief Executive Officer and President

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities indicated.

 

Signature

  

Capacity

  

Date

/S/    JOHN R. RANELLI

John R. Ranelli

   Director, Chief Executive Officer and President (Principal Executive Officer)    December 11, 2013

/S/    LORI A. VARLAS

Lori A. Varlas

   Senior Vice President and
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)
   December 11, 2013

/S/    WILLIAM E. BROWN

William E. Brown

   Chairman    December 11, 2013

/S/    JOHN B. BALOUSEK

John B. Balousek

   Director    December 11, 2013

/S/    DAVID N. CHICHESTER

David N. Chichester

   Director    December 11, 2013

/S/    BROOKS M. PENNINGTON, III

Brooks M. Pennington, III

   Director    December 11, 2013

/S/    ALFRED A. PIERGALLINI

Alfred A. Piergallini

   Director    December 11, 2013

/S/    M. BETH SPRINGER

M. Beth Springer

   Director    December 11, 2013

 

50


Table of Contents

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Central Garden & Pet Company

  

Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

     F-2   

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

     F-3   

Consolidated Balance Sheets, September 28, 2013 and September 29, 2012

     F-4   

Consolidated Statements of Operations for Fiscal Years Ended September 28, 2013, September  29, 2012 and September 24, 2011

     F-5   

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) for Fiscal Years Ended September  28, 2013, September 29, 2012 and September 24, 2011

     F-6   

Consolidated Statements of Equity for Fiscal Years Ended September 28, 2013, September  29, 2012 and September 24, 2011

     F-7   

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for Fiscal Years Ended September 28, 2013, September  29, 2012 and September 24, 2011

     F-8   

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for Fiscal Years Ended September 28, 2013, September  29, 2012 and September 24, 2011

     F-9   

 

F-1


Table of Contents

MANAGEMENT’S REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING

Central Garden & Pet Company’s management, under the supervision of Central’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, is responsible for establishing and maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) or 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act). Management evaluated the effectiveness of Central’s internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in Internal ControlIntegrated Framework (1992) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations (“COSO”) of the Treadway Commission.

Based on evaluation of the criteria set forth by COSO in Internal ControlIntegrated Framework (1992), management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of September 28, 2013.

Our independent registered public accounting firm, Deloitte & Touche LLP, has issued a report on our internal control over financial reporting, which appears on page F-3 of this Form 10-K.

Because of the inherent limitations of internal control over financial reporting, including the possibility of collusion or improper management override of controls, material misstatements due to error or fraud may not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Also, projections of any evaluation of the effectiveness of the internal control over financial reporting to future periods are subject to the risk that the controls may become ineffective because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

F-2


Table of Contents

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of

Central Garden & Pet Company:

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Central Garden & Pet Company and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of September 28, 2013 and September 29, 2012, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), equity and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended September 28, 2013. We also have audited the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of September 28, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (1992) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. The Company’s management is responsible for these financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying “Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting.” Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed by, or under the supervision of, the company’s principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, and effected by the company’s board of directors, management, and other personnel to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of the inherent limitations of internal control over financial reporting, including the possibility of collusion or improper management override of controls, material misstatements due to error or fraud may not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Also, projections of any evaluation of the effectiveness of the internal control over financial reporting to future periods are subject to the risk that the controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Central Garden & Pet Company and subsidiaries as of September 28, 2013 and September 29, 2012, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three fiscal years in the period ended September 28, 2013, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also, in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of September 28, 2013, based on the criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (1992) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.

/s/ Deloitte & Touche, LLP

San Francisco, California

December 11, 2013

 

F-3


Table of Contents

CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

     September 28,
2013
     September 29,
2012
 
     (in thousands)  
ASSETS      

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 15,156       $ 48,475   

Short term investments

     17,820         22,705   

Accounts receivable, net

     194,260         202,422   

Inventories

     391,934         330,032   

Prepaid expenses, deferred income taxes and other

     53,484         48,149   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current assets

     672,654         651,783   

Plant, property and equipment, net

     188,913         191,163   

Goodwill

     205,756         210,223   

Other intangible assets, net

     79,868         78,853   

Other assets

     13,969         17,525   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,161,160       $ 1,149,547   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY      

Current liabilities:

     

Accounts payable

   $ 103,569       $ 126,662   

Accrued expenses

     78,618         79,491   

Current portion of long-term debt

     142         331   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     182,329         206,484   

Long-term debt

     472,445         449,483   

Deferred income taxes and other long-term obligations

     36,362         28,697   

Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)

     

Equity:

     

Common stock

     122         122   

Class A common stock

     353         347   

Class B stock

     16         16   

Additional paid-in capital

     389,153         382,195   

Retained earnings

     77,592         79,718   

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     1,442         1,539   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Central Garden & Pet shareholders’ equity

     468,678         463,937   

Noncontrolling interest

     1,346         946   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total equity

     470,024         464,883   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,161,160       $ 1,149,547   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

F-4


Table of Contents

CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

     Fiscal Year Ended  
     September 28,
2013
    September 29,
2012
    September 24,
2011
 
     (in thousands, except per share amounts)  

Net sales

   $ 1,653,633      $ 1,700,013      $ 1,628,652   

Cost of goods sold and occupancy

     1,189,731        1,185,855        1,134,733   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

     463,902        514,158        493,919   

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     416,038        439,737        408,744   

Goodwill impairment

     7,709        0        0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from operations

     40,155        74,421        85,175   

Interest expense

     (43,112     (40,315     (38,044

Interest income

     142        145        296   

Other income (expense)

     (677     678        550   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes and noncontrolling interest

     (3,492     34,929        47,977   

Income tax expense (benefit)

     (2,592     12,816        19,595   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) including noncontrolling interest

     (900     22,113        28,382   

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

     1,029        940        59   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Central Garden & Pet Company

   $ (1,929   $ 21,173      $ 28,323   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) per share attributable to Central Garden &
Pet Company:

      

Basic

   $ (0.04   $ 0.44      $ 0.50   

Diluted

   $ (0.04   $ 0.44      $ 0.50   

Weighted average shares used in the computation of net income
per share:

      

Basic

     48,094        47,622        56,217   

Diluted

     48,094        48,374        56,645   

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

F-5


Table of Contents

CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

     Fiscal Year Ended  
     September 28,
2013
    September 29,
2012
     September 24,
2011
 

Net income (loss)

   $ (900   $ 22,113       $ 28,382   

Other comprehensive income (loss):

       

Foreign currency translation

     (97     520         75   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income (loss)

     (997     22,633         28,457   

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     1,029        940         59   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Central Garden &
Pet Company

   $ (2,026   $ 21,693       $ 28,398   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

F-6


Table of Contents

CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY

(dollars in thousands)

 

    Central Garden & Pet Company              
    Common Stock     Class A Common
Stock
    Class B Stock     Additional
Paid-in
Capital
    Retained
Earnings
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income
    Total     Noncontrolling
Interest
    Total  
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount              

Balance, September 25, 2010

    16,258,704      $ 163        43,696,426      $ 437        1,652,262      $ 16      $ 483,817      $ 45,319      $ 944      $ 530,696      $ 1,447      $ 532,143   

Stock-based compensation

    0        0        0        0        0        0        5,545        0        0        5,545        0        5,545   

Tax deficiency on exercise of stock options, net of tax benefit

    0        0        0        0        0        0        (501     0        0        (501     0        (501

Restricted share activity

    (5,867     (1     470,009        4            (267         (264       (264

Issuance of common stock

    14,401        0        421,183        4        0        0        1,570        0        0        1,574        0        1,574   

Repurchase of common stock

    (3,317,645     (33     (8,646,258     (86     0        0        (93,956     (14,597     0        (108,672     0        (108,672

Distribution to noncontrolling interest

                        (1,500     (1,500

Other comprehensive income.

    0        0        0        0        0        0        0        0        75        75        0        75   

Net income

    0        0        0        0        0        0        0        28,323        0        28,323        59        28,382   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, September 24, 2011

    12,949,593        129        35,941,360        359        1,652,262        16        396,208        59,045        1,019        456,776        6        456,782   

Stock-based compensation

    0        0        0        0        0        0        5,449        0        0        5,449        0        5,449   

Tax benefit on exercise of stock options

    0        0        0        0        0        0        56        0        0        56        0        56   

Restricted share activity

    (9,722     (0     90,540        1            369            370          370   

Issuance of common stock

    0        0        579,702        6        0        0        471        0        0        477        0        477   

Repurchase of common stock

    (692,300     (7     (1,904,700     (19     0        0        (20,358     (500     0        (20,884     0        (20,884

Other comprehensive income.

    0        0        0        0        0        0        0        0        520        520        0        520   

Net income

    0        0        0        0        0        0        0        21,173        0        21,173        940        22,113   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, September 29, 2012

    12,247,571        122        34,706,902        347        1,652,262        16        382,195        79,718        1,539        463,937        946        464,883   

Stock-based compensation

    0        0        0        0        0        0        4,210        0        0        4,210        0        4,210   

Tax deficiency on exercise of stock options, net of tax benefit

    0        0        0        0        0        0        (90     0        0        (90     0        (90

Restricted share activity

    (820     0        442,238        4            2,460            2,464          2,464   

Issuance of common stock

    0        0        307,761        3        0        0        1,683        0        0        1,686        0        1,686   

Repurchase of common stock

    0        0        (165,900     (1     0        0        (1,305     (197     0        (1,503     0        (1,503

Distribution to noncontrolling interest

                        (629     (629

Other comprehensive loss

    0        0        0        0        0        0        0        0        (97     (97     0        (97

Net loss

    0        0        0        0        0        0        0        (1,929     0        (1,929     1,029        (900
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, September 28, 2013

    12,246,751      $ 122        35,291,001      $ 353        1,652,262      $ 16      $ 389,153      $ 77,592      $ 1,442      $ 468,678      $ 1,346      $ 470,024   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

F-7


Table of Contents

CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

     Fiscal Year Ended  
     September 28,
2013
    September 29,
2012
    September 24,
2011
 
     (in thousands)  

Cash flows from operating activities:

      

Net income (loss)

   $ (900   $ 22,113      $ 28,382   

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided (used) by operating activities:

      

Depreciation and amortization

     32,968        30,425        28,566   

Stock-based compensation

     15,892        7,510        7,447   

Excess tax benefits from stock-based awards

     (388     (1,881     (945

Deferred income taxes

     (3,233     14,411        25,289   

Loss on acquisition of business

     370        0        0   

Loss on sale of property, plant and equipment

     547        180        110   

Unrealized (gains) losses on derivative financial instruments

     0        (83     57   

Goodwill impairment

     7,709        0        0   

Changes in assets and liabilities (excluding businesses acquired):

      

Receivables

     8,185        (6,841     37   

Inventories

     (61,697     (164     (31,683

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     4,798        7,549        (3,339

Accounts payable

     (23,866     9,805        7,404   

Accrued expenses

     (7,781     4,955        (9,956

Other long-term obligations

     (886     1,190        (361
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided (used) by operating activities

     (28,282     89,169        51,008   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

      

Additions to property, plant and equipment

     (25,172     (39,592     (31,563

Businesses acquired, net of cash acquired

     (4,835     0        (25,307

Return of equity method investment

     0        0        3,133   

Sale of (investment in) short-term investments

     4,885        (4,885     (2,500
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (25,122     (44,477     (56,237
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

      

Repayments on revolving line of credit

     (368,000     (339,000     (668,000

Borrowings on revolving line of credit

     391,000        304,000        703,000   

Repayments of long-term debt

     (332     (353     (335

Issuance of long-term debt

     0        49,312        0   

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

     613        2,129        1,675   

Excess tax benefits from stock-based awards

     388        1,881        945   

Repurchase of common stock, including shares surrendered for tax withholding

     (2,731     (24,829     (108,727

Distribution to noncontrolling interest

     (629     0        (1,500

Payment of financing costs

     0        (1,715     (1,055
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided (used) by financing activities

     20,309        (8,575     (73,997
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and equivalents

     (224     327        (203
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

     (33,319     36,444        (79,429

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

     48,475        12,031        91,460   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year

   $ 15,156      $ 48,475      $ 12,031   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental information:

      

Cash paid for interest

   $ 42,960      $ 40,930      $ 37,936   

Cash paid for income taxes – net of refunds

     (2,493     (8,048     (947

Non-cash investing activities:

      

Capital expenditures incurred but not paid

     926        1,677        1,974   

Liability for contingent performance based payments

     4,165        0        0   

Non-cash financing activities:

      

Repurchased shares not yet settled

     0        0        2,211   

Restricted share stock bonus

     9,579        948        0   

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

F-8


Table of Contents

CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Fiscal Years Ended September 28, 2013,

September 29, 2012, and September 24, 2011

1. Organization and Significant Accounting Policies

Organization – Central Garden & Pet Company (“Central”), a Delaware corporation, and subsidiaries (the “Company”), is a leading marketer and producer of quality branded products for the pet and lawn and garden supplies markets.

Basis of Consolidation and Presentation – The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Central and all majority-owned subsidiaries. Noncontrolling interests in consolidated entities are recognized for the share of assets, liabilities and operating results not owned by Central. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. The fiscal years ended September 28, 2013 and September 24, 2011 included 52 weeks; the fiscal year ended September 29, 2012 included 53 weeks.

Noncontrolling Interest – Noncontrolling interest in the Company’s consolidated financial statements represents the 20% interest not owned by the Company in a consolidated subsidiary. Since the Company controls this subsidiary, its financial statements are fully consolidated with those of the Company, and the noncontrolling owner’s 20% share of the subsidiary’s net assets and results of operations is deducted and reported as noncontrolling interest on the consolidated balance sheets and as net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest in the consolidated statements of operations.

Use of Estimates – The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires that management make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period including realization of accounts receivable and inventory and valuation of goodwill. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Revenue Recognition – Sales are recognized when merchandise is shipped, risk of loss and title passes to the customer and the Company has no further obligations to provide services related to such merchandise. Discounts, volume-based rebate incentives and most cooperative advertising amounts are recorded as a reduction of sales. The Company’s practice on product returns is to accept and credit the return of unopened cases of products from customers where the quantity is small, where the product has been mis-shipped or the product is defective. Provisions are made for estimated sales returns which are deducted from net sales at the time of shipment. Sales also include shipping and handling costs billed directly to customers. The amount billed to customers for shipping and handling costs included in net sales for the fiscal years ended September 28, 2013, September 29, 2012 and September 24, 2011 was $6.9 million, $4.8 million and $2.7 million, respectively.

Cost of goods sold and occupancy consists of cost of product, inbound freight charges, purchasing and receiving costs, certain indirect purchasing, merchandise handling and storage costs, internal transfer costs as well as allocations of overhead costs, including depreciation, related to the Company’s facilities. Cost of goods sold excludes substantially all shipping and handling and out-bound freight costs to customers, which are included in selling, general and administrative expenses as delivery expenses. The cost of shipping and handling, including internal costs and payments to third parties, included in delivery expenses within selling, general and administrative expenses for the fiscal years ended September 28, 2013, September 29, 2012 and September 24, 2011 was $47.7 million, $54.6 million and $49.7 million, respectively.

Advertising Costs – The Company expenses the costs of advertising as incurred. Advertising expenses were $44.5 million, $54.4 million and $39.6 million in fiscal 2013, 2012, and 2011, respectively.

 

F-9


Table of Contents

CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

401(k) Plans – The Company sponsors several 401(k) plans which cover substantially all employees. The Company’s matching contributions expensed under these plans were $2.1 million for each of the fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011. In fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, the Company’s matching contributions made in the Company’s Class A common stock resulted in the issuance of approximately 229,000, 230,000 and 190,000 shares, respectively.

Other income consists principally of earnings from equity method investments and foreign exchange gains and losses.

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred income taxes result primarily from bad debt allowances, inventory and goodwill write-downs, amortization and depreciation. The Company establishes a valuation allowance for deferred tax assets when management believes it is more likely than not a deferred tax asset will not be realized. As of fiscal year-end 2013 and 2012, the Company had valuation allowances related to various state and foreign net deferred tax assets of $7.0 million and $7.3 million, respectively. The Company has no undistributed foreign earnings.

Cash and cash equivalents include all highly liquid debt instruments with a maturity of three months or less at the date of purchase.

Short term investments include investments with original maturities greater than three months and remaining maturities of one year or less. Short-term investments classified as held-to-maturity are financial instruments that the Company has the intent and ability to hold to maturity and are reported at amortized cost and are not remeasured to fair value on a recurring basis.

Accounts receivable are carried at their estimated collectible amounts. Trade credit is generally extended on a short-term basis; thus trade receivables do not bear interest, although a finance charge may be applied to such receivables that are past due.

Allowance for doubtful accounts – Trade accounts receivable are regularly evaluated for collectability based on past credit history with customers and their current financial condition.

Inventories, which primarily consist of garden products and pet supplies finished goods, are stated at the lower of FIFO cost or market. Cost includes certain indirect purchasing, merchandise handling and storage costs incurred to acquire or manufacture inventory, costs to unload, process and put away shipments received in order to prepare them to be picked for orders, and certain other overhead costs. The amount of such costs capitalized to inventory is computed based on an estimate of costs related to the procurement and processing of inventory to prepare it for sale compared to total product purchases.

Long-Lived Assets – The Company reviews its long-lived assets, including amortizable and indefinite-lived intangible assets and property, plant and equipment, for potential impairment whenever events or changes in business circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be fully recoverable, and annually for indefinite-lived intangible assets. An impairment loss would be recognized for amortizable intangible assets and property, plant and equipment when estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset are less than its carrying amount. An impairment loss would be recognized for an intangible asset with an indefinite useful life if its carrying value exceeds its fair value. Impairment, if any, is measured as the amount by which the carrying amount of a long-lived asset exceeds its fair value. Should market conditions or the assumptions used by the Company in determining the fair value of assets change, or management changes plans regarding the future use of certain assets, additional charges to operations may be required in the period in which such conditions occur. See Note 10 – Other Intangible Assets.

 

F-10


Table of Contents

CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Land, buildings, improvements and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation is computed by the straight-line method over thirty years for buildings. Improvements are amortized on a straight-line basis over the shorter of the useful life of the asset or the terms of the related leases. Depreciation on equipment and capitalized software is computed by the straight-line and accelerated methods over the estimated useful lives of 3 to 10 years.

Goodwill represents the excess of cost of an acquired business over the fair value of the identifiable tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination. Identifiable intangible assets acquired in business combinations are recorded based on their fair values at the date of acquisition. Goodwill is not subject to amortization but must be evaluated for impairment annually. The Company tests for goodwill impairment annually or whenever events occur or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount. See Note 9 – Goodwill.

Investments – The Company owns membership interests approximating 50% in two unconsolidated companies. The Company accounts for its interest in these entities using the equity method. Equity income of $0.9 million in fiscal 2013, $0.7 million in fiscal 2012 and $0.9 million in fiscal 2011 is included in other income in the consolidated statements of operations. The Company’s investment in these entities was $0.8 million at September 28, 2013 and $1.3 million at September 29, 2012. On a combined basis, the assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses of these entities are not significant.

Accruals For Insurance – The Company maintains insurance for certain risks, including workers’ compensation, general liability and vehicle liability, and is self-insured for employee related health care benefits. The Company’s workers’ compensation, general liability and vehicle liability insurance policies include deductibles of $250,000 to $350,000 per occurrence. The Company maintains excess loss insurance that covers any health care claims in excess of $700,000 per person per year. The Company establishes reserves for losses based on its claims experience and actuarial estimates of the ultimate loss amount inherent in the claims, including claims incurred but not yet reported. Costs are recognized in the period the claim is incurred, and the financial statement accruals include an estimate of claims incurred but not yet reported.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments – At September 28, 2013 and September 29, 2012, the carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents, short term investments, accounts receivable and payable, short term borrowings and accrued liabilities approximates fair value because of the short term nature of these instruments. The estimated fair value of the Company’s senior subordinated notes is based on quoted market prices for these instruments. See Note 2 for further information regarding the fair value of the Company’s financial instruments.

Derivative Financial Instruments – The Company reports all derivative financial instruments on the balance sheet at fair value. Changes in fair value are recognized in earnings, or are deferred, depending on the nature of the underlying exposure being hedged and how effective the derivative is at offsetting a change in the underlying exposure.

The Company principally uses a combination of purchase orders and various short and long-term supply arrangements in connection with the purchase of raw materials, including certain commodities. The Company also enters into commodity futures, options and swap contracts to reduce the volatility of price fluctuations of corn, which impacts the cost of raw materials. The Company’s primary objective when entering into these derivative contracts is to achieve greater certainty with regard to the future price of commodities purchased for use in its supply chain. These derivative contracts are entered into for periods consistent with the related underlying exposures and do not constitute positions independent of those exposures. The Company does not enter into derivative contracts for speculative purposes and does not use leveraged instruments.

 

F-11


Table of Contents

CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

The Company did not perform the assessments required to achieve hedge accounting for commodity derivative positions. Accordingly, the changes in the values of these derivatives are recorded currently in its consolidated statements of operations. As of September 28, 2013 and September 29, 2012, the notional amount of these contracts was not significant.

Stock-Based Compensation – Stock-based compensation cost is estimated at the grant date based on the fair value of the award and is expensed ratably over the service period of the award. Total compensation costs recognized under all share-based arrangements in fiscal 2013 was $15.9 million ($10.0 million after tax), in fiscal 2012 was $7.5 million ($4.7 million after tax) and in fiscal 2011 was $7.4 million ($4.4 million after tax). See Note 13 for further information.

Total Comprehensive Income (Loss) – Total comprehensive income (loss) consists of two components: net income and other comprehensive income (loss). Other comprehensive income (loss) refers to gains and losses that under generally accepted accounting principles are recorded directly as an element of shareholders’ equity, but are excluded from net income. Other comprehensive income (loss) is comprised of currency translation adjustments relating to the Company’s foreign subsidiary whose functional currency is not the U.S. dollar. The Company does not have any undistributed foreign earnings.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements – In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-05, “Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Presentation of Comprehensive Income.” ASU No. 2011-05 requires that all nonowner changes in stockholders’ equity be presented either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements, eliminating the option to present other comprehensive income in the statement of changes in equity. Under either choice, items that are reclassified from other comprehensive income to net income are required to be presented on the face of the financial statements where the components of net income and the components of other comprehensive income are presented. In December 2011, the FASB issued an update to ASU No. 2011-05, ASU No. 2011-12, which was issued to defer the effective date for amendments to the reclassifications of items out of accumulated other comprehensive income in ASU No. 2011-05. ASU 2011-05 and the amendments in ASU No. 2011-12 are effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011 and became effective for the Company on September 30, 2012. The Company elected to report other comprehensive income and its components in a separate statement of comprehensive income. While the new guidance changed the presentation of comprehensive income, there were no changes to components that are recognized in net income or other comprehensive income as determined under previous accounting guidance. The amended guidance did not have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In September 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-08, “Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Goodwill for Impairment, which amended the guidance on the annual testing of goodwill for impairment. The amended guidance allows companies to assess qualitative factors to determine if it is more-likely-than-not that goodwill might be impaired and whether it is necessary to perform the two-step goodwill impairment test required under current accounting standards. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011, and became effective for the Company on September 30, 2012. This new guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In July 2012, the FASB issued an ASU No. 2012-02, “Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets for Impairment, which simplifies the manner in which companies test indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment. The ASU permits companies to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether events and circumstances indicate that it is more likely than not that the indefinite-lived intangible asset is impaired as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform a quantitative

 

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Table of Contents

CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

impairment test. The ASU is effective for annual and interim impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after September 15, 2012, with early adoption permitted. The guidance became effective for the Company on September 30, 2012. This new guidance is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In February 2013, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2013-02, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220) – Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (ASU 2013-02). This guidance requires entities to disclose, either in the notes to the consolidated financial statements or parenthetically on the face of the statement that reports comprehensive income (loss), items reclassified out of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and into net earnings in their entirety and the effect of the reclassification on each affected Statement of Operations line item. In addition, for Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) reclassification items that are not reclassified in their entirety into net earnings, a cross reference to other required accounting standard disclosures is required. This guidance is effective for the Company on September 29, 2013. This new guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

2. Fair Value Measurements

ASC 820 establishes a single authoritative definition of fair value, a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosure of fair value measurements. ASC 820 requires financial assets and liabilities to be categorized based on the inputs used to calculate their fair values as follows:

Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2 – Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly.

Level 3 – Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability, which reflect the Company’s own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability (including assumptions about risk).

The Company’s financial instruments include cash and equivalents, short term investments consisting of bank certificates of deposit, accounts receivable and payable, derivative instruments, short-term borrowings, and accrued liabilities. The carrying amount of these instruments approximates fair value because of their short-term nature.

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

The following table presents the Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis based upon the level within the fair value hierarchy in which the fair value measurements fall, as of September 28, 2013 (in thousands):

 

         Level 1              Level 2              Level 3              Total      

Assets:

           

Certificates of deposit (a)

   $         0       $ 17,820       $ 0       $ 17,820   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 0       $ 17,820       $ 0       $ 17,820   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities:

           

Derivative liabilities (b)

   $ 0       $ 0       $ 0       $ 0   

Liability for contingent consideration (c)

     0         0         4,165         4,165   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities

   $ 0       $ 0       $ 4,165       $ 4,165   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

F-13


Table of Contents

CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

The following table presents our financial assets and liabilities at fair value on a recurring basis based upon the level within the fair value hierarchy in which the fair value measurements fall, as of September 29, 2012 (in thousands):

 

         Level 1              Level 2              Level 3              Total      

Assets:

           

Certificates of deposit (a)

   $         0       $ 17,820       $         0       $ 17,820   

Derivative assets (b)

     0         334         0         334   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 0       $ 18,154       $ 0       $ 18,154   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities:

           

Derivative liabilities (b)

   $ 0       $ 206       $ 0       $ 206   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities

   $ 0       $ 206       $ 0       $ 206   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(a) The fair value of our time deposits is based on the most recent observable inputs for similar instruments in active markets or quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active or are directly or indirectly observable. These are presented as short term investments in our consolidated balance sheets.
(b) Derivative assets and liabilities were valued using quoted forward pricing from bank counterparties and are presented as other current assets and liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets.
(c) The liability for contingent consideration relates to an earn-out for B2E, acquired in December 2012. The fair value of the contingent consideration arrangement is determined based on the Company’s evaluation as to the probability and amount of any earn-out that will be achieved based on expected future performance by the acquired entity. This is presented as part of long-term liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets.

The following table provides a summary of changes in fair value of our Level 3 financial instruments for the years ended September 28, 2013 and September 29, 2012 (in thousands):

 

     Amount  

Balance as of September 29, 2012

   $ 0   

Contingent performance-based payments established at the time of acquisition

     4,165   
  

 

 

 

Balance as of September 28, 2013

   $ 4,165   
  

 

 

 

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Non-Recurring Basis

The Company measures certain non-financial assets and liabilities, including long-lived assets, goodwill and intangible assets, at fair value on a non-recurring basis. Fair value measurements of non-financial assets and non-financial liabilities are used primarily in the impairment analyses of long-lived assets, goodwill and other intangible assets. During the period ended September 28, 2013, the Company recognized a non-cash charge of $7.7 million, as the carrying value of its Garden segment goodwill exceeded the implied fair value of the goodwill. See Note 9. -Goodwill.

Fair Value of Other Financial Instruments

The estimated fair value of the Company’s $450.0 million 8.25% senior subordinated notes due 2018 as of September 28, 2013 was $449.5 million, compared to a carrying value of $449.4 million. The estimated fair value is based on quoted market prices for these notes, which are Level 1 inputs within the fair value hierarchy.

 

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Table of Contents

CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

3. Derivative Instruments

Our operations are exposed to market risks from adverse changes in commodity prices affecting the cost of raw materials. In the normal course of business, these risks are managed through a variety of strategies, including the use of derivatives. The utilization of these financial transactions is governed by policies covering acceptable counterparty exposure, instrument types and other practices. The Company does not enter into derivative contracts for speculative purposes. The Company performs assessments of its counterparty credit risk regularly, including a review of credit ratings and potential nonperformance of the counterparty, and minimizes counterparty concentrations.

Commodity and commodity index futures, swaps and option contracts are used to economically hedge commodity input prices on grains and proteins. These derivative contracts are entered into for periods consistent with the related underlying exposures and do not constitute positions independent of those exposures. Generally, the Company economically hedges a portion of its anticipated consumption of commodity inputs for periods of up to 12 months. As of September 28, 2013, the Company had no outstanding derivative instruments. As of September 29, 2012, the Company had economically hedged certain portions of its anticipated consumption of commodity inputs using derivative instruments with expiration dates through February 2013.

The Company recognizes all derivative instruments as either assets or liabilities at fair value in the condensed consolidated balance sheets, with the exception of normal purchases and normal sales expected to result in physical delivery. The Company’s derivative financial instruments have not been designated as hedging instruments for accounting purposes. The Company recognizes realized and unrealized gains and losses from derivatives used to economically hedge anticipated commodity consumption in other income (expense) on the condensed consolidated statement of operations.

The following table presents the fair value of all derivative instruments outstanding in the condensed consolidated balance sheets (in thousands):

 

     September 28, 2013      September 29, 2012  

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments

   Other Current
Assets
     Other Current
Liabilities
     Other Current
Assets
     Other Current
Liabilities
 

Commodity contracts

   $ 0       $ 0       $ 334       $ 206   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total derivative instruments

   $ 0       $ 0       $ 334       $ 206   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table presents the effect of derivative instruments recorded in other income (expense) on the condensed consolidated statements of operations (in thousands):

 

     Fiscal Year Ended  

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments

   September 28,
2013
    September 29,
2012
     September 24,
2011
 

Commodity contracts

   $ (958   $ 111       $ (9
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total derivative instruments

   $ (958   $ 111       $ (9
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table presents the gross contract notional volume of outstanding derivative contracts:

 

Commodity

   Metric    September 28,
2013
     September 29,
2012
 

Corn

   Bushels      0         400,000   

Soy Meal

   Tons      0         2,000   

 

F-15


Table of Contents

CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

4. Acquisitions

Fiscal 2013

In December 2012, the Company acquired the remaining majority interest in FourStar Microbial Products, LLC (Four Star Microbial) for approximately $4.8 million in cash and approximately $4.2 million of contingent future performance-based payments. The purchase price exceeded the estimated fair value of the tangible and intangible assets acquired by $3.2 million, which was recorded as goodwill within our Pet segment. The operating results of FourStar Microbial had no material impact on the consolidated financial statements. In the future, we expect the acquisition will enhance the Company’s capability to service professional providers of mosquito abatement.

Fiscal 2012

The Company made no acquisitions during fiscal 2012.

Fiscal 2011

On February 28, 2011, the Company acquired certain assets of a privately-held maker of premium fertilizer for the professional and retail markets for approximately $23 million in cash. The purchase price exceeded the estimated fair value of the tangible and intangible assets acquired by $1.0 million, which was recorded as goodwill within our Garden segment.

Contingent performance payments of $1.9 million were paid in fiscal 2011 for previous acquisitions and recorded as goodwill in fiscal 2011 within our Garden segment.

5. Concentration of Credit Risk and Significant Customers and Suppliers

Customer Concentration – Approximately 43% of the Company’s net sales for fiscal 2013 and 45% for fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011 were derived from sales to the Company’s top five customers. The Company’s largest customer accounted for approximately 16%, 17% and 16% of the Company’s net sales in fiscal years 2013, 2012, and 2011, respectively. The Company’s second largest customer in 2013 accounted for approximately 8% of the Company’s net sales in 2013 and 7% of the Company’s net sales in each of the fiscal years 2012 and 2011. The Company’s third largest customer accounted for approximately 8%, 9% and 12% of the Company’s net sales in fiscal years 2013, 2012, and 2011, respectively. The loss of, or significant adverse change in, the relationship between the Company and any of these three customers could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business and financial results. The loss of or reduction in orders from any significant customer, losses arising from customer disputes regarding shipments, fees, merchandise condition or related matters, or the Company’s inability to collect accounts receivable from any major customer could also have a material adverse impact on the Company’s business and financial results. As of September 28, 2013 and September 29, 2012, accounts receivable from the Company’s top five customers comprised approximately 35% and 42% of the Company’s total accounts receivable, including 9% and 15% from the Company’s largest customer.

Supplier Concentration – While the Company purchases products from many different manufacturers and suppliers, approximately 11%, 9% and 12% of the Company’s cost of goods sold in fiscal years 2013, 2012, and 2011, respectively, were derived from products purchased from the Company’s five largest suppliers.

 

F-16


Table of Contents

CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

6. Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

Changes in the allowance for doubtful accounts are summarized below (in thousands):

 

Description

   Balances at
Beginning
of Period
     Charged/
(Credited) to
Costs and
Expenses
    Asset
Write-Offs,
Less
Recoveries
    Balances
at End of
Period
 

Fiscal year ended September 24, 2011

   $ 21,564       $ (3,662   $ (2,312   $ 15,590   

Fiscal year ended September 29, 2012

     15,590         5,291        (2,307     18,574   

Fiscal year ended September 28, 2013

     18,574         4,373        (1,789     21,158   

7. Inventories, net

Inventories, net of allowance for obsolescence, consist of the following (in thousands):

 

     September 28,
2013
     September 29,
2012
 

Raw materials

   $ 121,695       $ 94,387   

Work in progress

     19,856         13,587   

Finished goods

     236,322         209,888   

Supplies

     14,060         12,170   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total inventories, net

   $ 391,934       $ 330,032   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

8. Property and Equipment, Net

Property and equipment consists of the following (in thousands):

 

     As of  
     September 28,
2013
    September 29,
2012
 

Land

   $ 9,504      $ 9,504   

Buildings and improvements

     112,882        108,122   

Transportation equipment

     5,646        6,125   

Machine and warehouse equipment

     179,723        174,411   

Capitalized software

     104,034        99,090   

Office furniture and equipment

     25,248        26,076   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     437,037        423,328   

Accumulated depreciation and amortization

     (248,124     (232,165
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 188,913      $ 191,163   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense charged to operations was $33.0 million, $30.4 million and $28.6 million for fiscal 2013, 2012, and 2011, respectively.

 

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Table of Contents

CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

9. Goodwill

Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for the fiscal years ended September 28, 2013, September 29, 2012 and September 24, 2011 (in thousands):

 

     Garden Products
Segment
    Pet Products
Segment
    Total  

Balance as of September 25, 2010

      

Goodwill

   $ 211,554      $ 397,617      $ 609,171   

Accumulated impairment losses

     (205,874     (195,978     (401,852
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     5,680        201,639        207,319   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Additions in fiscal 2011

     2,029        875        2,904   

Balance as of September 24, 2011

      

Goodwill

     213,583        398,492        612,075   

Accumulated impairment losses

     (205,874     (195,978     (401,852
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     7,709        202,514        210,223   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as of September 29, 2012

      

Goodwill

     213,583        398,492        612,075   

Accumulated impairment losses

     (205,874     (195,978     (401,852
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     7,709        202,514        210,223   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Additions in fiscal 2013

     0        3,242        3,242   

Impairment losses in fiscal 2013

     (7,709     0        (7,709

Balance as of September 28, 2013

      

Goodwill

     213,583        401,734        615,317   

Accumulated impairment losses

     (213,583     (195,978     (409,561
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 0      $ 205,756      $ 205,756   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Additions or reductions to goodwill include acquisitions, purchase price adjustments and adjustments of amounts upon finalization of purchase accounting.

The Company tests goodwill for impairment annually (on the first day of the fourth fiscal quarter), or whenever events occur or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount, by initially comparing the fair value of each of the Company’s four reporting units to their related carrying values. If the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying value, the Company performs an additional step to determine the implied fair value of goodwill associated with that reporting unit. The implied fair value of goodwill is determined by first allocating the fair value of the reporting unit to all of its assets and liabilities and then computing the excess of the reporting unit’s fair value over the amounts assigned to the assets and liabilities. If the carrying value of goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of goodwill, such excess represents the amount of goodwill impairment, and, accordingly, the Company recognizes such impairment. The Company’s goodwill impairment analysis also includes a comparison of the aggregate estimated fair value of all four reporting units to the Company’s total market capitalization.

Determining the fair value of a reporting unit involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions. The estimate of fair value of each of the Company’s reporting units is based on the Company’s projection of revenues, gross margin, operating costs and cash flows considering historical and estimated future results, general economic and market conditions as well as the impact of planned business and operational strategies. The Company bases its fair value estimates on assumptions the Company believes to be reasonable at the time, but such assumptions are

 

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CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

subject to inherent uncertainty. Assumptions critical to the Company’s fair value estimates were: (i) discount rates used in determining the fair value of the reporting units; (ii) estimated future cash flows; and (iii) projected revenue and operating profit growth rates used in the reporting unit models. Actual results may differ from those estimates. The valuations employ present value techniques to measure fair value and consider market factors.

In connection with the Company’s annual goodwill impairment testing performed during fiscal 2013, the first step of such testing indicated that the fair value of the Company’s Pet segment reporting units exceeded their carrying value, and accordingly, no further testing of goodwill was required for the Pet segment. However, the carrying value of the Company’s Garden segment reporting units exceeded their fair value, indicating potential impairment. Based on further analysis, it was determined that the entire carrying value of the Company’s Garden segment goodwill was impaired, resulting in a non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $7.7 million.

In connection with the Company’s annual goodwill impairment testing performed during fiscal 2012 and 2011, the first step of such testing indicated that the fair value of the Company’s reporting segments exceeded their carrying value by more than 10%, and accordingly, no further testing of goodwill was required.

Changes in the judgments and estimates underlying the Company’s analysis of goodwill for possible impairment, including expected future cash flows and discount rate, could result in a significantly different estimate of the fair value of the reporting units in the future and could result in additional impairment of goodwill.

10. Other Intangible Assets

The following table summarizes the components of gross and net acquired intangible assets:

 

     Gross      Accumulated
Amortization
    Impairment     Net
Carrying
Value
 
            (in millions)              

September 28, 2013

         

Marketing-related intangible assets – amortizable

   $ 12.5       $ (8.9   $ 0      $ 3.6   

Marketing-related intangible assets – nonamortizable

     59.6         0        (16.9     42.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

     72.1         (8.9     (16.9     46.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Customer-related intangible assets – amortizable

     42.8         (17.9     0        24.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other acquired intangible assets – amortizable

     16.6         (7.9     0        8.7   

Other acquired intangible assets – nonamortizable

     1.2         0        (1.2     0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

     17.8         (7.9     (1.2     8.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other intangible assets

   $ 132.7       $ (34.7   $ (18.1   $ 79.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

September 29, 2012

         

Marketing-related intangible assets – amortizable

   $ 12.3       $ (7.5   $ 0      $ 4.8   

Marketing-related intangible assets – nonamortizable

     59.6         0        (16.9     42.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

     71.9         (7.5     (16.9     47.5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Customer-related intangible assets – amortizable

     42.7         (15.4     0        27.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other acquired intangible assets – amortizable

     10.8         (6.7     0        4.1   

Other acquired intangible assets – nonamortizable

     1.2         0        (1.2     0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

     12.0         (6.7     (1.2     4.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other intangible assets

   $ 126.6       $ (29.6   $ (18.1   $ 78.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Other intangible assets acquired include contract-based and technology-based intangible assets.

As part of its acquisition of the remaining majority interest in FourStar Microbial during the first quarter of fiscal 2013, the Company acquired approximately $0.1 million of marketing related intangible assets and $7.0 million of other intangible assets. See Note 4 – Acquisitions.

The Company evaluates long-lived assets, including amortizable and indefinite-lived intangible assets, for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable. The Company evaluates indefinite-lived intangible assets on an annual basis. In fiscal 2013, the Company tested its indefinite-lived intangible assets and no impairment was indicated. Other factors indicating the carrying value of the Company’s amortizable intangible assets may not be recoverable were not present in fiscal 2013, and accordingly, no impairment testing was performed on these assets.

The Company is currently amortizing its acquired intangible assets with definite lives over periods ranging from 1 to 25 years; over weighted average remaining lives of six years for marketing-related intangibles, 15 years for customer-related intangibles and 15 years for other acquired intangibles. Amortization expense for intangibles subject to amortization was approximately $5.1 million, $5.6 million and $5.0 million, for fiscal 2013, 2012, and 2011, respectively, and is classified within operating expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Estimated annual amortization expense related to acquired intangible assets in each of the succeeding five years is estimated to be approximately $5 million per year from fiscal 2014 through fiscal 2018.

11. Long-Term Debt

Long-term debt consists of the following:

 

     September 28
2013
    September 29,
2012
 
     (in thousands)  

Senior subordinated notes, net of unamortized discount (1), interest at 8.25%, payable semi-annually, principal due March 2018

   $ 449,417      $ 449,312   

Revolving credit facility, interest at Alternate Base Rate plus a margin of 0.75% to 1.75%, or LIBOR plus a margin of 1.75% to 2.75%, final maturity June 2016

     23,000        0   

Other notes payable

     170        502   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

     472,587        449,814   

Less current portion

     (142     (331
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Long-term portion

   $ 472,445      $ 449,483   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) Represents unamortized original issue discount of $583 and $688, as of September 28, 2013 and September 29, 2012, respectively, which is amortizable until March 2018.

Senior Credit Facility

On June 8, 2011, the Company amended its $275 million, five-year senior secured revolving credit facility (the “Old Credit Facility”) included in its Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Old Credit Agreement”). Under the modified terms, the Old Credit Facility has a borrowing capacity of $375 million and a maturity date of June 2016. On August 1, 2013, the Company further amended the Old Credit Facility. Under the terms of this amendment, the Company’s minimum interest coverage ratio, as defined in the Old Credit Agreement, was further reduced to 2.25 times, from 2.5 times, and a minimum asset coverage ratio was added at 1.1 times. There was $23 million outstanding as of September 28, 2013 under the Old Credit Facility. There were

 

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Table of Contents

CENTRAL GARDEN & PET COMPANY

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

no letters of credit outstanding under the Old Credit Facility as of September 28, 2013. There were other letters of credit of $17.5 million outstanding as of September 28, 2013. As of September 28, 2013, there were $351.1 million of unused commitments under the Old Credit Facility or, after giving effect to the financial covenants in the Old Credit Agreement, $168.3 million of available unused commitments.

Interest on the Old Credit Facility was based, at the Company’s option, on a rate equal to the Alternate Base Rate (ABR), which is the greatest of the prime rate, the Federal Funds rate plus 0.5% or one month LIBOR plus 1%, plus a margin, which fluctuates from 0.75% to 1.75%, or LIBOR plus a margin, which fluctuates from 1.75% to 2.75% and commitment fees that range from 0.30% to 0.50%, determined quarterly based on consolidated total debt to consolidated EBITDA for the most recent trailing 12-month period. As of September 28, 2013, the applicable interest rate on the Old Credit Facility related to alternate base rate borrowings was 5.0%, and the applicable interest rate related to LIBOR rate borrowings was 2.9%.

The Credit Facility was guaranteed by the Company’s material subsidiaries and was secured by the Company’s assets, excluding real property but including substantially all of the capital stock of the Company’s subsidiaries. The Old Credit Agreement contained certain financial and other covenants which required the Company to maintain minimum levels of interest coverage and maximum levels of senior debt to EBITDA and that restricted the Company’s ability to repurchase its stock, make investments in or acquisitions of other businesses and pay dividends above certain levels over the life of the Old Credit Facility. Under the terms of the Company’s Old Credit Facility, it could make restricted payments, including cash dividends and stock repurchases, in an aggregate amount initially not to exceed $200 million over the life of the Old Credit Facility, subject to qualifications and baskets as defined in the Old Credit Agreement.

As of September 28, 2013, the Company’s Total Leverage Ratio, as defined in the Old Credit Agreement, was 4.9 to 1.0, and the Company’s Senior Secured Leverage Ratio, as defined in the Old Credit Agreement with a maximum of 2.0 to 1.0, was 0.3 to 1.0. As of September 28, 2013, the Company’s interest coverage ratio was 2.35 times, with a minimum of 2.25 times. The Company’s minimum asset coverage ratio was 14.7 times as of September 28, 2013. Apart from the covenants limiting restricted payments and capital expenditures, the Old Credit Facility does not restrict the use of retained earnings or net income. The Company was in compliance with all financial covenants as of September 28, 2013.

Asset Backed Loan Facility

On December 5, 2013, the Company entered into a new credit agreement which provides for a $390 million principal amount senior secured asset-based revolving credit facility, with up to an addit