10-K 1 v401822_10k.htm FORM 10-K

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

 

FORM 10-K

 

 

 

xAnnual Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for the fiscal year ended January 2, 2015.

OR

 

¨Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for the transition period from ________ to _________.

 

Commission File Number 0-18655

 

 

 

EXPONENT, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

  

Delaware   77-0218904
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
     
149 Commonwealth Drive, Menlo Park, California   94025
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

  (650) 326-9400  
  (Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)  

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class   Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share   The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Yes x            No ¨      

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.

Yes ¨            No x      

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes x            No ¨      

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

Yes x            No ¨       

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer x   Accelerated filer ¨   Non-accelerated filer ¨   Smaller reporting company ¨
        (Do not check if a smaller    
        reporting company)    

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes ¨            No x      

 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant based on the closing sales price of the Common Stock as reported on the NASDAQ National Market on July 3, 2014, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second quarter, was $837,777,802. Shares of the registrant’s common stock held by each executive officer and director and by each entity or person that, to the registrant’s knowledge, owned 10% or more of registrant’s outstanding common stock as of July 3, 2014 have been excluded in that such persons may be deemed to be affiliates of the registrant. This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes.

 

The number of shares of the issuer’s Common Stock outstanding as of February 20, 2015 was 12,870,974.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Portions of the Registrant’s Definitive Proxy Statement for the Registrant’s 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 28, 2015 are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.

 

 
 

 

EXPONENT, INC.

FORM 10-K ANNUAL REPORT

FISCAL YEAR ENDED JANUARY 2, 2015

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

      Page
PART I    
Item 1. Business   3
Item 1A. Risk Factors   13
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments   17
Item 2. Properties   17
Item 3. Legal Proceedings   17
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures   17
       
PART II    
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities   18
Item 6. Selected Financial Data   20
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations   20
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk   29
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data   29
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure   29
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures   30
Item 9B. Other Information   30
       
PART III    
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance   30
Item 11. Executive Compensation   30
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters   30
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence   31
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services   31
       
PART IV    
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules   31
       
Signatures   58

Exhibit Index

  59

 

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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains, and incorporates by reference, certain “forward-looking” statements (as such term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, and the rules promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended), including but not limited to statements regarding future growth and market opportunities, revenue, margins, headcount, utilization and operating expenses, that are based on the beliefs of the Company’s management, as well as assumptions made by, and information currently available to, the Company’s management. Such forward-looking statements are subject to the safe harbor created by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. When used in this document and in the documents incorporated herein by reference, statements other than statements of current or historical fact are forward-looking statements. The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect” and similar expressions, as they relate to the Company or its management, identify certain of such forward-looking statements. Such statements reflect the current views of the Company or its management with respect to future events and are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, the Company’s actual results, performance, or achievements could differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, any such forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such material differences include the possibility that the demand for our services may decline as a result of changes in general and industry specific economic conditions, the timing of engagements for our services, the effects of competitive services and pricing, tort reform and liabilities resulting from claims made against us. Additional risks and uncertainties are discussed in this Report under the heading “Risk Factors” and elsewhere. The inclusion of such forward-looking information should not be regarded as a representation by the Company or any other person that the future events, plans, or expectations contemplated by the Company will be achieved. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any such forward-looking statements.

 

PART I

 

Item 1. Business

 

GENERAL

 

The history of Exponent, Inc. goes back to 1967, with the founding of the partnership Failure Analysis Associates, which was incorporated the following year in California and reincorporated in Delaware as Failure Analysis Associates, Inc. in 1988. The Failure Group, Inc. was organized in 1989 as a holding company for Failure Analysis Associates, Inc. and changed its name to Exponent, Inc. in 1998. Exponent, Inc., together with its subsidiaries, (“Exponent” or the “Company”) is a science and engineering consulting firm that provides solutions to complex problems. Our multidisciplinary team of scientists, physicians, engineers, business and regulatory consultants brings together more than 90 different technical disciplines to solve complicated issues facing industry and government today. Our professional staff can perform in-depth scientific research and analysis, or very rapid-response evaluations to provide our clients with the critical information they need.

 

CLIENTS

 

General

 

Exponent serves clients in automotive, aviation, chemical, construction, consumer products, energy, government, health, insurance, manufacturing, technology and other sectors of the economy. Many of our engagements are initiated directly by large corporations or by lawyers or insurance companies whose clients anticipate, or are engaged in, litigation related to their products, equipment, processes or services. The scope of our services in failure prevention and technology evaluation has grown as the technological complexity of products has increased over the years.

 

Pricing and Terms of Engagements

 

We provide our services on either a fixed-price basis or on a time and material basis, charging in the latter case hourly rates for each staff member involved in a project, based on his or her skills and experience. Our standard rates for professionals range from $160 to $650 per hour. Our engagement agreements typically provide for monthly billing, require payment of our invoices within 30 days of receipt and permit clients to terminate engagements at any time. Clients normally agree to indemnify us and our personnel against liabilities arising out of the use or application of the results of our work or recommendations.

 

SERVICES

 

Exponent provides high quality engineering and scientific consulting services to clients around the world. Our service offerings are provided on a project-by-project basis. Many projects require support from multiple practices. We currently operate 22 practices and centers in two operating segments, Engineering and Other Scientific and Environmental and Health:

 

ENGINEERING AND OTHER SCIENTIFIC

 

·Biomechanics
·Biomedical Engineering
·Buildings & Structures
·Civil Engineering
·Construction Consulting
·Electrical Engineering & Computer Science
·Engineering Management Consulting
·Human Factors
·Industrial Structures
·Materials & Corrosion Engineering
·Mechanical Engineering
·Polymer Science & Materials Chemistry
·Statistical & Data Sciences
·Technology Development
·Thermal Sciences
·Vehicle Analysis

 

ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH

 

·Chemical Regulation & Food Safety
·Ecological & Biological Sciences

 

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·Environmental & Earth Sciences
·Epidemiology, Biostatistics & Computational Biology
·Exposure Assessment & Occupational Health
·Toxicology & Mechanistic Biology

 

ENGINEERING AND OTHER SCIENTIFIC

 

Biomechanics

 

Our biomechanics staff uses engineering and biomedical science to solve complex problems at the intersection of biology and engineering. Our expertise is used to understand and evaluate the interaction between the human body as a biological system and the physical environment to explore the cause, nature, and severity of injuries.

 

During the past year, our biomechanics staff performed analyses of human injury related to a variety of products including recreational vehicles, sporting goods, trucks, trains, aircraft, industrial equipment, and automobiles. They also looked at the implications of using protective devices (such as restraint systems, airbags, and helmets) on reducing the potential for injury, and assessed injuries in the workplace, in the home, and during recreational activities.

 

Biomedical Engineering

 

Our Biomedical Engineering Practice applies engineering principles to the medical field, including the evaluation of designs and performance of medical devices and biologics. Our engineers and scientists assist clients with characterization of cells, tissues, biomaterials, and medical devices. As part of our regulatory compliance, we can perform preclinical testing and formulate a related regulatory strategy, conduct design verification and validation, as well as design and manufacturing failure analyses, recall management, and medical device explant analysis. In addition, our staff can perform analysis of clinical outcomes for medical devices using administrative claims databases. Our expertise is also utilized in product liability, intellectual property litigation, technology acquisition and due diligence matters.

 

Buildings & Structures

 

The basic function of a building is to provide structurally sound, durable and environmentally controlled space to house and protect occupants and contents. If this basic function is not achieved, it is because one or more aspect(s) of the building design or construction failed to perform its intended function. Our architects, engineers, and scientists have been investigating such failures for decades, and we use this experience to solve problems with building systems and components, including finding the best repair options and mitigating the risk of future failures.

 

During the past year, we have evaluated numerous problems with residential, commercial and industrial structures for insurers, attorneys and owners. Our evaluations often include property inspections, testing, engineering analysis and the development of repair recommendations. In addition, we have worked with owners to assess and mitigate the risk of failure associated with hazards such as hurricanes, earthquakes, tsunamis and aging infrastructure. We have assessed these risks to high-rise buildings, industrial facilities, pipelines and nuclear power plant structures.

 

Civil Engineering

 

Our Civil Engineering Practice provides broad expertise that includes geotechnical engineering, geological engineering, engineering geology, and geology to address a host of geo-failures, including landslides, foundation and retaining wall failures, dam and levee failures and construction claims. We also provide peer review services for complicated structures. Our Water Resources staff specializes in the application of proven hydrologic, hydraulic, hydrodynamic, and sediment transport research and science to provide scientifically sound and cost-effective solutions to our clients.

 

Over the past year, our consultants have been engaged in a number of investigations related to mining issues, wildland fires, landslides, retaining wall and foundation failures, large construction claims, flooding and sediment transport, and peer review of large commercial development designs. This practice has had a diverse portfolio of projects and clients that represent a broad spectrum of industries.

 

Construction Consulting

 

Our Construction Consulting Practice provides project advisory, risk analysis, strategic planning, dispute resolution, and financial damages services. During the past year, we expanded the practice by leveraging key client relationships in several construction sectors including utilities and oil and gas. Our multi-disciplinary staff, which includes engineers, architects, construction managers, schedulers, accountants, and technical specialists, provides these services to both the public and private sectors for clients who represent a diverse mix of companies and agencies.

 

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Our projects include many sectors of the construction and engineering industry as well as facilities and systems which include power plants, transmission and distribution facilities, petrochemical facilities, water/wastewater treatment plants, bridges and roads, rail systems, tunnels, airports, commercial buildings, institutional buildings, industrial and manufacturing facilities, sporting arenas and gaming facilities. We provide services to firms involved in the engineering and construction industry including construction owners, lending agencies, engineering and construction contractors, subcontractors, designers, attorneys and insurance carriers.

 

Electrical Engineering & Computer Science

 

The Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Practice offers a broad range of expertise to address complex issues for industrial, government and private clients. Our power engineers advise and offer guidance to clients on problems relating to electrical systems including power generation, transmission and distribution. Our team of electrical engineers works on failure analysis, product robustness and reliability for consumer and industrial electronics. Our computer engineers and scientists work with high-tech industries and computer controlled applications to evaluate product safety and software reliability. The computer engineering and science expertise we offer encompasses a breadth of areas including information and numerical sciences, algorithms and data structures, computer graphics, computer architecture, networking and communications, as well as security and cryptography. We operate laboratories for testing heavy equipment and electronics and we have a broad capability in analyzing computer software.

 

Over the past year, we performed a wide array of investigations ranging from assessing electrical damage to infrastructure from the effect of weather related events to working with clients to develop sophisticated machine learning algorithms applied to large quantities of unstructured data. We continue to work with consumer electronics manufacturers and the transportation industry on the reliability and robustness of computer controlled equipment for user safety. We have also provided our expertise to clients in intellectual property advising them on matters of integrated circuit design, semiconductor fabrication and computer software implementations.

 

Engineering Management Consulting

 

This practice provides multi-disciplinary expertise and rapid response to assist clients with management consulting services related to technical issues. Our consultants provide services in the areas of asset strategy, technology strategy, regulatory strategy, asset planning, project management, engineering, construction, maintenance, operations, environmental, and risk analysis. This practice primarily services the electric and gas utility industries, including transmission, distribution, fossil fuel generation, nuclear generation, and renewable generation.

 

We provide unique and advanced services including risk and reliability assessment and mitigation. Our scientists and engineers assist our clients in minimizing losses related to asset failures and/or business operations. Accidents, unanticipated events, and system failures are the primary causes of deferred or lost production interruptions and may lead to loss of life, injury, property damage, and undesired releases. Our multi-disciplinary staff has also performed diverse technical, business interruption, and compliance-related risk and reliability assessments for chemical, petrochemical, petroleum, and manufacturing clients worldwide.

 

Human Factors

 

Our Human Factors staff evaluates human performance and safety in product and system use. Our consultants study how the limitations and capabilities of people, including memory, perception, reaction time, judgment, physical size and dexterity, affect the way they use a product, interact with an organization or environment, process information or participate in an activity.

 

We address the reliability of human memory and retrospective reporting in the gathering of fact-based evidence. We review warnings and labeling issues related to consumer products, pharmaceuticals, motor vehicles, medical devices and industrial products. In addition, we assist manufacturers with compliance of regulatory guidelines related to products and work with them regarding analysis of adverse event reports and consumer complaints in publicly available databases overseen by the Consumer Product Safety Commission and the Food and Drug Administration. We also provide support assessing alleged false advertising claims for consumer products, foods and pharmaceuticals.

 

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Industrial Structures

 

Our Industrial Structures Practice, based in Düsseldorf and Berlin, Germany, specializes in design and assessment of industrial structures subject to extreme conditions. Our staff has provided design reviews and assessments on more than 1,000 structures around the world, and our staff has participated in the creation of several engineering standards.

 

Our Industrial Structures Practice provides planning, assessment, rehabilitation and dismantling analysis of load-bearing structures in four particular areas: antenna masts, power plants, buildings and special structures like refractories or tanks. One service we provide in over 900 locations throughout the year is quality assurance of antenna masts for a variety of facilities including telecommunications, wind energy and industrial chimneys. Our consultants provide inspection services related to new construction and assess design deficiencies related to new and existing facilities, as well as assist our clients with on-time, quality construction on their projects.

 

With the use of our self-developed computer software for non-linear material behavior, we provide close-to-reality assessment of a wide variety of structures such as cracked reinforced concrete structures, multi-layer refractories or masonry towers. Beyond industrial structures, more and more commercial property projects are becoming part of this practice.

 

Materials & Corrosion Engineering

 

Our in-depth knowledge of materials science, corrosion, and metallurgical engineering, combined with the breadth of our collective experience across many industries and disciplines gives our Materials and Corrosion Engineering Practice a unique ability to efficiently provide our clients with solutions to their complex materials-based problems. We use our knowledge and experience to understand how and why materials, products, and processes may not perform their intended function, as well as to prevent future problems.  In the past year, our Materials and Corrosion Engineering Practice helped clients solve critical materials-related issues in the consumer electronics, medical device, chemical processing, transportation, energy, and aerospace fields, among others.

 

Mechanical Engineering

 

We provide clients with a thorough comprehension of current or alternative designs to determine potential vulnerabilities before failures occur, develop appropriate risk mitigation methods, and provide post failure investigations. Our consultants review the safety and reliability of processes and products.  We assist in performing product recall investigations and reviewing internal compliance programs as part of the implementation of corrective action plans. We have performed these activities in the transportation, heavy industry, energy, and consumer product areas.

 

Our staff develop and utilize detailed, validated computational models to evaluate equipment, consumer products and medical devices to solve a variety of technical challenges associated with their design and optimization. Our scientists and engineers also provide services in the area of intellectual property and are often asked to interpret the language of a patent from a scientific and engineering perspective and provide insight regarding the proper technical interpretation of patent claims. During the past year our mechanical engineers worked on a wide variety of projects ranging from high profile consumer product recall investigations to pipeline integrity evaluations and worker safety issues.

 

Industrial equipment integrity analysis and management is a growing part of our business involved with increasing productivity and lowering risk in manufacturing. We advise clients on mitigating engineering asset failures, improving equipment reliability, and better understanding their risk profile. Our approach combines engineering mechanics with computational algorithms, industry-accepted standards, and operational data.

 

Polymer Science & Materials Chemistry

 

Our Polymer Science and Materials Chemistry staff consults with industrial, government, and insurance clients, as well as their outside counsels, regarding polymers and textiles used in diverse applications and chemical aspects of batteries, drug delivery systems, and other products that depend on highly controlled manufacturing environments. We assist clients in understanding the short- and long-term performance of plastic, rubber, adhesive, coating, composite and electrochemical energy systems when challenged by physical, chemical, thermal and other operational stressors.

 

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Our consultants participate in product development programs, perform failure analyses and provide support to clients involved in regulatory and legal proceedings. Clients value our technical expertise related to chemistry, formulation, manufacturing and materials performance, our understanding of the history and evolution of these materials, and our ability to assist them in identifying and incorporating emerging materials and manufacturing technologies into their businesses. During the past year, significant program activities addressed components of consumer electronics, wearable devices, battery technology, implantable medical devices, combination drug delivery systems, historical formulations and components, performance and industrial textiles, high performance coatings, food packaging, building materials, technical due diligence, technology scouting, and materials science aspects of health risk, service life prediction, sustainability, and polymer-related intellectual property, including trade secrets.

 

Statistical & Data Sciences

 

Our Statistical & Data Sciences staff comprises our company’s core capabilities in statistical methodology and offers its expertise to serve clients at any and all stages of the empirical research process including product development, manufacturing, and regulatory stages. The practice specializes in determining whether a particular activity or product poses an unreasonable risk. Risk estimation involves establishing a reference period and then collecting information about the number of injuries (or other adverse events) suffered and the amount of exposure during this period. Through analysis and synthesis of client-supplied data, combined with information from public sources, we help clients measure their own risk in the context of similar risks and determine appropriate courses of action.

 

During the past year, we worked on a variety of engineering, health, and environmental projects for government, industry, and legal clients. Our statisticians and data scientists performed assessments of manufacturing quality systems, applied data mining methods to the analysis of medical device complaints, examined the field reliability of electronic networks and computer equipment, and assessed the effects of selected factors on industrial exposure to environmental contaminants.

 

Technology Development

 

Drawing on our multidisciplinary science, engineering, testing, failure analysis and failure prevention expertise, our Technology Development Practice specializes in harnessing advanced technologies and concepts from our experience with the commercial and defense sectors to deliver innovation to our clients. We identify and leverage the best in off-the-shelf technologies combined with custom development to deliver solutions ranging from fully integrated systems to concept architectures. Our focus is on a close collaboration with the end user, ease of use, reliability, high quality, and speed of engineering design and execution.

 

Historically, Technology Development has focused its efforts in the defense sector; in 2014 the Practice significantly expanded its commercial work and made some structural changes to more closely align with the commercial side of the company. Some examples of this broader focus include: new work in the oil & gas industry, working directly with a major client on prototyping and validating cutting-edge safety technologies; partnering with a geophysical survey company to help them more fully leverage state-of-the-art sensing and data processing techniques in their services business; and working with a small business on the design and field test of a nascent trace chemical vapor sensor. The Practice continued to grow its expertise and presence in the area of security and identity, with a concentration on digital and physical credentials. Our technology development experts are prominent on the numerous relevant government and industry standards and policy committees.

 

Commensurate with the U.S. military drawdown in Afghanistan, we wrapped up our activities with forward deployed embedded engineering support to the U.S. Army Rapid Equipping Force and associated rapid fielding initiatives. We continued to engage in applied early stage development activities with the U.S. Army’s Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate in the area of landmine detection technologies. Similarly, our work with the U.K. Ministry of Defence evolved from deployed operational support of Exponent’s landmine and improvised explosive device (IED) detection sensor systems to long-term planning and sustainment activities.

 

Thermal Sciences

 

Our Thermal Sciences staff provides multi-disciplinary expertise to assist clients in chemical engineering, fire protection engineering, and mechanical engineering. We have investigated and analyzed thousands of fires and explosions ranging from high loss disasters at manufacturing facilities to small insurance claims. Information gained from these analyses has helped us assist clients with preventive measures related to the design of their products. We assist clients in minimizing the risk of fires and explosions, we provide regulatory consulting for permitting new industrial facilities, and we assist manufacturers in addressing the risk of fires associated with consumer products. Our engineers use fire modeling and other computational fire dynamics modeling tools to supplement our analytical, experimental, and field-based activities. Preventive services include process safety hazard analysis for the chemical and oil and gas industries, fire protection engineering and dust explosion consulting.

 

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During the past year, our work in exploration and production, Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and downstream oil and gas sectors has continued to remain active. Our services in these areas include assessing new oil well control technologies, assessing potential fire and explosion risks and consequences and developing downstream asset integrity management strategies. We have seen growth in our non-litigation fire protection engineering services. In addition, the Thermal Sciences Practice continues to develop tools to assist in the evaluation of fire risk of lithium-ion batteries, and their performance in consumer products.

 

Vehicle Analysis

 

We have performed thousands of investigations for the automotive, trucking, recreational vehicle, marine, aerospace, and rail industries. Internal research programs and client projects have resulted in technological contributions that have assisted manufacturers in the understanding of product performance and provided insight to government agencies in establishing policy and regulations. Information gained from these analyses has also assisted clients in assessing preventive measures related to the design of their products, as well as evaluating failures.

 

Our Test and Engineering Center located in Phoenix, Arizona, is the setting for our most complex tests, along with rigorous analysis of results. We have gained a worldwide reputation for our ability to mobilize resources expeditiously and efficiently, integrate a broad array of technical disciplines, and provide valuable insight that is objective and withstands rigorous scrutiny. Many of our projects involve addressing the cause of accidents and our clients rely on us to determine what happened in an accident and why it happened. In many cases, they also want us to assess what could have been done to reduce the severity of the accident or to mitigate occupant injuries to those involved. Whether the objective is design analysis, component testing, or accident reconstruction, our knowledge of vehicle systems and engineering principles coupled with our experience from conducting full-scale tests add insight and proficiency to every project.

 

ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH

 

Chemical Regulation & Food Safety

 

Our Center for Chemical Regulation and Food Safety includes both technical and regulatory specialists who are experienced in dealing with foods, and with pesticide and non-pesticide products including conventional chemicals, biochemicals, antimicrobials/biocides, and products of biotechnology, cosmetics and industrial chemicals. We provide practical, scientific and regulatory support to meet global business objectives at every stage of the product cycle, from research and development to retail and beyond.

 

During the past year our Chemical Regulation and Food Safety staff have conducted a wide array of work. The European and U.S. sides of the Center were jointly involved with the ongoing support of a new pesticide active ingredient and end-use product. The European side of our business was involved with many projects related to plant protection and biocidal product regulatory submissions, from active substances under review to product-specific dossiers for individual European member states.  In addition, we provided many specialist assessments relating to human and environmental exposure and product efficacy and national and international Maximum Residue Limit/import tolerance submissions. We continue to support safety assessments for food and cosmetics products and industrial chemicals. In the U.S. we continued to provide services related to pesticide active ingredient and end-use product development and registrations in the U.S. and Canada, registration review, import tolerances in the U.S. and Canada, due diligence, and data compensation, as well as the approval of new pesticide inert ingredients and new non-pesticide chemical approvals. Our food safety consultants continued to assist clients with food additives, food contact notifications, and nutrition-related analyses, as well as product safety proactive and reactive support services, recall and litigation support.

 

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Ecological & Biological Sciences

 

Our ecological and biological scientists provide strategic support on issues related to natural resources damages associated with chemicals and forest fires, international environmental disputes, ecosystem service assessments for businesses, climate change, ecological risk assessment, novel remediation methods, restoration of wetlands and other natural resources, large development projects, resource utilization (mineral mining, oil and gas, wood pulp), and the use of chemicals and other products in commerce. The practice specializes in assessing the effects of chemical, biological, and physical stressors on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. The practice is comprised of nationally recognized experts that cover disciplines related to the ecological implications and risks associated with these projects.

 

Environmental & Earth Sciences

 

Our environmental scientists and engineers provide cost-effective, scientifically defensible and realistic assessments and solutions to complex environmental issues. We offer technical, regulatory and litigation support to industries that include oil and gas, mining and minerals, chemicals, forest products, railroads, aerospace, and trade associations, and to municipal and government clients. Our consultants specialize in the areas of environmental fate and transport, environmental chemistry and forensics, hydrogeology, air toxics, modeling and monitoring, water quality and water supply, data analytics, remediation consulting, environmental engineering and waste management, climate impacts, and evaluation of environmental and social risks. Our work often involves complex and high visibility environmental problems and issues, often the focus of environmental or toxic tort claims, where evaluation of contamination and historical reconstruction of events, releases, and doses, as well as water resource issues are central to problem resolution. We provide strategic and advisory consulting on risk mitigation, planning, and regulatory issues.

 

Epidemiology, Biostatistics & Computational Biology

 

Our health scientists apply epidemiology to examine and address complex health issues in a variety of settings. Through the principles of epidemiology, we analyze the interaction of host, agent, and environment to reach conclusions about the causes and occurrence of disease in human populations.

 

Our consultants combine the expertise of several medical specialties, exposure assessment professionals, and other scientists who have advanced degrees in statistics and public health. All of our physicians have graduate training in epidemiology and biostatistics. Our research work has included numerous community health assessments, disease cluster investigations, survey research, occupational cohort and case-control studies, exposure assessment studies, cancer modeling, meta-analyses, and state-of-the-art reviews.

 

Exposure Assessment & Occupational Health

 

In the Exposure Assessment & Occupational Health Center, we apply scientific processes to characterize and estimate health risks from exposures to chemical, physical, and biological agents in the workplace, home, and outdoor environment. Exposure assessment is integral to the health assessment process as it describes the characteristics and concentrations of hazardous agents or substances in the air, soil, specific product or other media, as well as the frequency, magnitude, and duration of exposure events. Exposure assessments provide key data to characterize health risks and can also be used to recommend controls or other approaches to lower or eliminate potentially excessive exposures. Exposure estimates can be used to calculate the likelihood of a particular health risk occurring or be compared to toxicity benchmarks, workplace standards or other applicable guidelines to assess potential risks to human health. Exposure assessments also are critical components of human epidemiology studies and regulatory compliance evaluations.

 

Our industrial hygienists, microbiologists, environmental chemists, environmental and health scientists, physicians, and air quality modelers evaluate health risks posed by chemical, physical or biological agents. We are skilled in estimating multiple routes of exposure from manufacturing operations, use (and misuse) of consumer products, indoor air / ambient releases, contaminated foods and environmental media (e.g., water, soils, and sediments) and environmental releases of various chemicals and substances. We apply these evaluations to help clients evaluate product safety questions; issues evolving from litigation claims; and compliance with the growing number of occupational health, product safety, and other environmental regulations. We have also assisted companies with their preventive health and safety program needs in the workplace and can provide external verification of health services performance.

 

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Our multidisciplinary team has extensive experience investigating a broad variety of health concerns such as claims of illnesses from exposures to ionizing radiation and electromagnetic fields, chemicals, dusts and other airborne particulates, smoke and fumes, nanoparticles, molds and other micro-organisms. Together, we develop strategies to aid in controlling such exposures, when needed. In addition, our staff has extensive experience in addressing health issues related to medical devices, consumer products, manufacturing processes, and sanitation. Our atmospheric scientists provide air quality and meteorological modeling, permitting, and licensing support services. Our environmental and health scientists investigate accidental releases of chemicals, evaluate transport and fate of chemical substances, simulate home and workplace exposures as well as develop measures of prevention and control exposure, and assist clients with emergency preparedness and response.

 

Toxicology & Mechanistic Biology

 

We have exceptional expertise and depth in toxicology and mechanistic biology. We provide knowledge and experience that improve decisions affecting the regulation of important substances in commerce. We work with our clients to resolve important issues that affect the safe use of a wide variety of substances. We evaluate the mechanisms by which substances can affect complex biological systems, provide perspectives on potential effects at realistic human and environmental exposure levels, and develop strategies to manage human health and environmental risks. We are recognized for our outstanding credentials and decades of experience from government, academia and industry.

 

We have assisted clients on industrial chemicals, pesticides, drugs, medical devices, nanotechnology, and other agents. During the past year we continued to provide experimental and clinical toxicology support in nearly all phases of pharmaceutical and combination drug development from preclinical studies to post-marketing safety assessments.  We reviewed existing data and developed new studies on potential endocrine toxicity of various chemical substances. We continue to be very active in developing and reviewing data for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program. We also have developed various detailed reviews on toxicity mode of action assessments, specifically how substances cause harm and whether or not laboratory data are relevant to human risks.

 

COMPETITION

 

The marketplace for our services is fragmented and we face different sources of competition in providing various services. In addition, the services that we provide to some of our clients can be performed in-house by those clients. Clients that have the capability to perform such services themselves will retain Exponent or other independent consultants because of independence concerns.

 

In each of our practices and centers, we believe that the principal competitive factors are: technical capability and breadth of services, ability to deliver services on a timely basis, professional reputation and knowledge of the litigation and regulatory processes. Although we believe that we generally compete favorably in each of these areas, some of our competitors may be able to provide services acceptable to our clients at lower prices.

 

We believe that the barriers to entry are low and that for many of our technical disciplines, competition is increasing. In response to competitive forces in the marketplace, we continue to look for new markets for our various technical disciplines.

 

BUSINESS SEGMENTS AND GEOGRAPHIC OPERATIONS OVERVIEW

 

We report two operating segments based on two primary areas of service. One operating segment is a broad service group providing technical consulting in different practices primarily in engineering. Our other operating segment provides services in the area of environmental, epidemiology and health risk analysis. This operating segment provides a wide range of consulting services relating to environmental hazards and risks and the impact on both human health and the environment. For more information about the financial condition and results of operations of each segment, please see Part II - “Item 7: Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Item 8: Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.” For information about the Company’s operations in different geographical areas, please see “Note 16: Segment Reporting” of our Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. For information about the Company’s disclosures regarding foreign currency exchange rate risk, please see “Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.”

 

EMPLOYEES

 

As of January 2, 2015, we employed 981 full-time, part-time and hourly employees, including 756 engineering and scientific staff, 65 technical support staff and 160 administrative and support staff. Our staff includes 678 employees with advanced degrees, of which 453 employees have achieved the level of Ph.D., Sc.D. or M.D.

 

10
 

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

The address of our Internet website is www.exponent.com. We make available, free of charge through our website, access to our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and other periodic and current Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) reports, along with amendments to all of those reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after we file the reports with the SEC. Additionally, copies of materials filed by us with the SEC may be accessed at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street NE, Washington, D.C. or at the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov. For information about the SEC’s Public Reference Room, the public may contact 1-800-SEC-0330. Copies of material filed by us with the SEC may also be obtained by writing to us at our corporate headquarters, Exponent, Inc., Attention: Investor Relations, 149 Commonwealth Drive, Menlo Park, CA 94025, or by calling (650) 326-9400. The content of our Internet website is not incorporated into and is not part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT

 

The executive officers of Exponent and their ages as of February 27, 2015 are as follows:

 

Name   Age   Position
         
Paul R. Johnston, Ph.D.   61   President, Chief Executive Officer and Director
         
Elizabeth L. Anderson, Ph.D.   74   Chief Science Officer
         
Paul D. Boehm, Ph.D.   66   Group Vice President
         
Robert D. Caligiuri, Ph.D.   63   Group Vice President
         
Catherine Ford Corrigan, Ph.D.   46   Group Vice President
         
Subbaiah V. Malladi, Ph.D.   68   Chief Technical Officer
         
Steven J. Murray, Ph.D.   40   Group Vice President
         
John D. Osteraas, Ph.D.   60   Group Vice President
         
Richard Reiss, Sc.D.   48   Interim Group Vice President
         
Richard L. Schlenker, Jr.   49   Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Secretary

 

Executive officers of Exponent are appointed by the Board of Directors and serve at the discretion of the Board or until the appointment of their successors. There is no family relationship between any of the directors and officers of the Company.

 

Paul R. Johnston, Ph.D., joined the Company in 1981, was promoted to Principal Engineer in 1987, and to Vice President in 1996. In 1997, he assumed responsibility for the firm’s network of offices. In July 2003, he was appointed Chief Operating Officer and added responsibility for the Health and Environmental Groups. In 2006, he assumed line responsibility for all of the firm’s consulting groups. Dr. Johnston was named President in May 2007. He was named Chief Executive Officer and elected to the Board of Directors in May 2009. Dr. Johnston received his Ph.D. (1981) in Civil Engineering and M.S. (1977) in Structural Engineering from Stanford University. He received his B.A.I. (1976) in Civil Engineering with First Class Honors from Trinity College, University of Dublin, Ireland where he was elected a Foundation Scholar in 1975. Dr. Johnston is a Registered Professional Civil Engineer in the State of California and a Chartered Engineer in Ireland.

 

Elizabeth L. Anderson, Ph.D., joined the Company in June 2006 as a Group Vice President and Principal Scientist. In January 2015, Dr. Anderson was appointed Chief Science Officer. Prior to joining Exponent, Dr. Anderson was President and CEO of Sciences International, a health and environmental consulting firm. Dr. Anderson received her Ph.D. (1970) in Organic Chemistry from The American University, M.S. (1964) in Organic Chemistry from the University of Virginia and B.S. (1962) in Chemistry from the College of William and Mary. Dr. Anderson is a Fellow of the Academy of Toxicological Sciences, a founder and past-President of the Society for Risk Analysis and former Editor-in-Chief of the journal, Risk Analysis: An International Journal.

 

Paul D. Boehm, Ph.D., joined the Company in April 2004 as a Group Vice President and Principal Scientist. Prior to joining the Company, Dr. Boehm was Vice President and Market Manager, Oil and Gas Sector, at Battelle Memorial Institute from 2001 to 2004. From 1999 to 2001, Dr. Boehm was Vice President and Managing Director, Environmental Health and Safety Consulting at Arthur D. Little, Inc. Dr. Boehm received his Ph.D. (1977) and M.S. (1973) in Oceanography from the University of Rhode Island and B.S. (1970) in Chemical Engineering from the University of Rochester. Dr. Boehm has published more than 100 articles in peer-reviewed journals and authored numerous reports on environmental forensics and impact assessments. Dr. Boehm has been chosen to serve on several National Research Council panels.

 

11
 

 

Robert D. Caligiuri, Ph.D., joined the Company in 1987. He was promoted to Principal Engineer in 1990 and Group Vice President in 1999. Dr. Caligiuri received his Ph.D. (1977) and M.S. (1974) in Materials Science and Engineering from Stanford University and B.S. (1973) in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California, Davis. Prior to joining the Company he was a Program Manager and Materials Scientist for SRI International. He is a Registered Professional Metallurgical Engineer in the States of California, Utah, Michigan, North Carolina and Texas and a Fellow of ASM International.

 

Catherine Ford Corrigan, Ph.D., joined the Company in 1996. She was promoted to Principal in the Biomechanics practice in 2002, and was appointed Group Vice President in May 2012. Dr. Corrigan earned her Ph.D. (1996) in Medical Engineering and Medical Physics and M.S. (1992) in Mechanical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and her B.S. in Bioengineering from the University of Pennsylvania. Prior to joining Exponent, Dr. Corrigan was a researcher in the Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory at Beth Israel Hospital and Harvard Medical School.

 

Subbaiah V. Malladi, Ph.D., joined the Company in 1982 as a Senior Engineer, becoming a Senior Vice President in January 1988 and a Corporate Vice President in September 1993. In October 1998, Dr. Malladi was appointed Chief Technical Officer of the Company. Dr. Malladi also served as a Director of the Company from March 1991 through September 1993. He was re-appointed as a Director in April 1996 and served on the Board until May 2005. He received a Ph.D. (1980) in Mechanical Engineering from the California Institute of Technology, M.Tech (1972) in Mechanical Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, B.E. (1970) in Mechanical Engineering from SRI Venkateswara University, India and B.S. (1966) in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics from Osmania University, India. Dr. Malladi is a Registered Professional Mechanical Engineer in the State of California.

 

Steven J. Murray, Ph.D., joined the Company in 2001. He was promoted to Principal Engineer in 2008. Dr. Murray was promoted to Corporate Vice President in May 2014 and to Group Vice President in January 2015. Dr. Murray received his Ph.D. (2000) in Materials Science and Engineering (Electronic Materials Panel) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, B.S. (1996) in Materials Science and Mineral Engineering and B.S. (1996) in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California, Berkeley. He is a Registered Professional Electrical Engineer in the State of Oregon and Registered Professional Mechanical Engineer in the State of California.

 

John D. Osteraas, Ph.D., worked for the Company from 1982 to 1985 as a Senior Engineer. He rejoined the Company in 1990 as a Managing Engineer. He was promoted to Principal Engineer in 1992 and Group Vice President in 2006. Dr. Osteraas received his Ph.D. (1990) in Civil Engineering, M.S. (1977) in Civil Engineering: Structural Engineering from Stanford University and B.S. (1976) in Civil and Environmental Engineering from the University of Wisconsin. Dr. Osteraas is a Registered Professional Engineer in 17 states and is a Fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers.

 

Richard Reiss, Sc.D., joined the Company in 2006 as a Principal Scientist. He was promoted to Interim Group Vice President in January 2015. Dr. Reiss earned his Sc.D. (1994) in Environmental Health from the Harvard University School of Public Health, M.S. (1991) in Environmental Engineering from Northwestern University and B.S. (1989) in Chemical Engineering from the University of California, Santa Barbara. Prior to joining Exponent he was a Vice President with Sciences International. Dr. Reiss is a Fellow of the Society of Risk Analysis.

 

Richard L. Schlenker, Jr. joined the Company in 1990. Mr. Schlenker is the Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Secretary of the Company. He was appointed Executive Vice President in April 2010, Chief Financial Officer in July 1999 and Secretary of the Company in November 1997. Mr. Schlenker was the Director of Human Resources from 1998 until his appointment as Chief Financial Officer. He was the Manager of Corporate Development from 1996 until 1998. From 1993 to 1996, Mr. Schlenker was a Business Manager, where he managed the business activities for multiple consulting practices within the Company. Prior to 1993, he held several different positions in finance and accounting within the Company. Mr. Schlenker holds a B.S. in Finance from the University of Southern California.

 

12
 

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

Exponent operates in a rapidly changing environment that involves a number of uncertainties, some of which are beyond our control. These uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those mentioned elsewhere in this report and those set forth below.

 

The unpredictable and reactive nature of our business can create uneven performance in any given quarter or fiscal year.

 

Revenues are primarily derived from services provided in response to client requests or events that occur without notice, and engagements, generally billed as services are performed, are terminable or subject to postponement or delay at any time by clients. As a result, backlog at any particular time is small in relation to our quarterly or annual revenues and is not a reliable indicator of revenues for any future periods. Revenues and operating margins for any particular quarter are generally affected by staffing mix, resource requirements and timing and size of engagements.

 

Our financial results could suffer if our clients’ needs change more rapidly than we are able to secure the appropriate mix of trained, skilled and experienced personnel.

 

As our clients’ needs change, new technologies develop, and legal and regulatory processes change, we may be unable to timely hire or train personnel with the appropriate new set of skills and experience which could negatively impact our growth and profitability.

 

Failure to attract and retain key employees may adversely affect our business.

 

Exponent’s business involves the delivery of professional services and is labor-intensive. Our success depends in large part upon our ability to attract, retain and motivate highly qualified technical and managerial personnel. Qualified personnel are in great demand and are likely to remain a limited resource for the foreseeable future. We cannot provide any assurance that we can continue to attract sufficient numbers of highly qualified technical and managerial personnel and to retain existing employees. The loss of key managerial employees, business generators or any significant number of employees could have a material adverse impact on our business, including our ability to secure and complete engagements.

 

Competition could reduce our pricing and adversely affect our business.

 

The markets for our services are highly competitive. In addition, there are relatively low barriers to entry into our markets and we have faced, and expect to continue to face, additional competition from new entrants into our markets. Competitive pressure could reduce the market acceptance of our services and result in price reductions that could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

The loss of a large client could adversely affect our business.

 

We currently derive a significant portion of our revenues from clients in the consumer electronics, insurance, petrochemical, transportation and utilities industries and the government sector. The loss of any large client, organization or insurer could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

Our clients may be unable to pay for our services.

 

If a client’s financial difficulties become severe, the client may be unwilling or unable to pay our invoices in the ordinary course of business, which could adversely affect collections of both our accounts receivable and unbilled services. On occasion, some of our clients have entered bankruptcy, which has prevented us from collecting amounts owed to us. The bankruptcy of a client with substantial accounts receivable could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

We hold substantial investments that could present liquidity risks.

 

Our cash equivalent and short-term investment portfolio as of January 2, 2015, consisted primarily of obligations of state and local government agencies and the U.S. Treasury. We follow an established investment policy to monitor, manage and limit our exposure to interest rate and credit risk. The policy sets forth credit quality standards and limits our exposure to any one issuer, as well as our maximum exposure to various asset classes.

 

Investments in some financial instruments may pose risks arising from liquidity and credit concerns. As of January 2, 2015, we had no impairment charge associated with our investment portfolio relating to such adverse financial market conditions. Although we believe our current investment portfolio has a low risk of impairment, we cannot predict future market conditions or market liquidity and can provide no assurance that our investment portfolio will remain unimpaired.

 

13
 

 

Our business is dependent on our professional reputation.

 

The professional reputation of Exponent and its consultants is critical to our ability to successfully compete for new client engagements and attract or retain professionals. Proven or unproven allegations against us may damage our professional reputation. Any factors that damage our professional reputation could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

Our business can be adversely impacted by deregulation or reduced regulatory enforcement.

 

Public concern over health, safety and preservation of the environment has resulted in the enactment of a broad range of environmental and/or other laws and regulations by local, state and federal lawmakers and agencies. These laws and the implementation of new regulations affect nearly every industry, as well as the agencies of federal, state and local governments charged with their enforcement. To the extent changes in such laws, regulations and enforcement or other factors significantly reduce the exposures of manufacturers, owners, service providers and others to liability, the demand for our services may be significantly reduced.

 

Tort reform can reduce demand for our services.

 

Several of our practices have a significant concentration in litigation support consulting services. To the extent tort reform reduces the exposure of manufacturers, owners, service providers and others to liability, the demand for our litigation support consulting services may be significantly reduced.

 

Our engagements may result in professional or other liability.

 

Our services typically involve difficult engineering and scientific assignments and carry risks of professional and other liability. Many of our engagements involve matters that could have a severe impact on a client’s business, cause a client to lose significant amounts of money, or prevent a client from pursuing desirable business opportunities. Accordingly, if a client is dissatisfied with our performance, the client could threaten or bring litigation in order to recover damages or to contest its obligation to pay our fees. Litigation alleging that we performed negligently, disclosed client confidential information, lost or damaged evidence, infringed on patents, or otherwise breached our obligations to a client could expose us to significant liabilities to our clients or other third parties or tarnish our reputation.

 

Potential conflicts of interest may preclude us from accepting some engagements.

 

We provide litigation support consulting and other services primarily in connection with significant disputes, or other matters that are usually adversarial or that involve sensitive client information. The nature of our consulting services may preclude us from accepting engagements with other potential clients because of conflicts. Accordingly, the nature of our business limits the number of both potential clients and potential engagements.

 

We are subject to unpredictable risks of litigation.

 

Although we seek to avoid litigation whenever possible, from time to time we are party to various lawsuits and claims. Disputes may arise, for example, from employment issues, regulatory actions, business acquisitions and real estate and other commercial transactions. There can be no assurances that any lawsuits or claims will be immaterial in the future. Any material lawsuits or claims could adversely affect our business and reputation.

 

We may experience security breaches that could lead to the inability to protect confidential information.

 

Despite the implementation of security measures, our operating systems are vulnerable to electronic breaches of security. Such breaches could lead to disruptions of our operations and potential unauthorized disclosure of confidential information, which could result in legal claims or proceedings. While we have taken reasonable steps to prevent and mitigate the damage of a security breach by continuously improving our design and coordination of security controls across our business, those steps may not be effective and there can be no assurance that any such steps can be effective against all possible risks.

 

14
 

 

Impairment of goodwill may require us to record a significant charge to earnings.

 

On our balance sheet, we have $8,607,000 of goodwill subject to periodic evaluation for impairment. Failure to achieve sufficient levels of cash flow at reporting units, the loss of key employees, changes to the scope of operations of our business or a significant and sustained decline in our stock price could result in goodwill impairment charges. During times of financial market volatility, significant judgment is required to determine the underlying cause of the decline and whether stock price declines are short-term in nature or indicative of an event or change in circumstances.

 

Impairment of long-lived assets or restructuring activities may require us to record a significant charge to earnings.

 

Our long-lived assets, including our office and laboratory space in Menlo Park, California and our test and engineering center in Phoenix, Arizona, are subject to periodic testing for impairment. Failure to achieve sufficient levels of cash flow at reporting units could result in impairment of our long-lived assets. In addition, we have operating lease commitments for office, warehouse and laboratory space of $20,432,000 as of January 2, 2015. Changes in the business environment could lead to changes in the scope of operations of our business. These changes, including the closure of one or more offices, could result in restructuring and/or asset impairment charges.

 

Our international operations create special risks that could adversely affect our business.

 

In addition to our offices in the United States, we have physical offices in the United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Hong Kong and China and conduct business in several other countries. We expect to continue to expand globally and our international revenues may account for an increasing portion of our revenues in the future. Our international operations carry special financial, business and legal risks, including cultural and language differences; employment laws and related factors that could result in lower utilization, higher staffing costs, and cyclical fluctuations of utilization and revenues; currency fluctuations that adversely affect our financial position and operating results; burdensome regulatory requirements and other barriers to conducting business; managing the risks associated with engagements with foreign officials and governmental agencies, including the risks arising from the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act; greater difficulties in managing and staffing foreign operations; successful entry and execution in new markets; restrictions on the repatriation of earnings; and potentially adverse tax consequences.

 

Inherent risks related to government contracts may adversely affect our business.

 

We work for various United States and foreign governmental entities and agencies. Government entities reserve the right to audit our contracts and conduct inquiries and investigations of our business practices with respect to government contracts. Findings from an audit may result in fees being refunded to the government or prospective adjustment to previously agreed upon rates that will affect future margins. If a government client discovers improper or illegal activities in the course of audits or investigations, we may become subject to various civil and criminal penalties and administrative sanctions, which may include termination of contracts, forfeiture of profits, suspension of payments, fines and suspensions or debarment from doing business with other agencies of the government. The inherent limitations of internal controls may not prevent or detect all improper or illegal activities, regardless of the adequacy of such controls. Government contracts, and the proceedings surrounding them, are often subject to more extensive scrutiny and publicity than other commercial contracts. Negative publicity related to our government contracts, regardless of whether it is accurate, may further damage our business by affecting our ability to compete for new contracts.

 

A decline in the U.S. Government defense budget, changes in budgetary priorities or timing of contract awards may adversely affect our business.

 

Our operating results could be adversely affected by spending caps or changes in the budgetary priorities of the U.S. Government or the Department of Defense (DoD), as well as delays in program starts or the award of contracts or task orders under contracts. Current U.S. Government spending levels for defense-related programs may not be sustained and future spending and program authorizations may not increase or may decrease or shift to programs in areas in which we do not provide services or are less likely to be awarded contracts. Such changes in spending authorizations and budgetary priorities may occur as a result of the rapid growth of the federal budget deficit, increasing political pressure and legislation. The U.S. Government also conducts periodic reviews of U.S. defense strategies and priorities, which may shift DoD budgetary priorities, reduce overall U.S. Government spending or delay contract or task order awards for defense-related programs. In addition, changes to the DoD acquisition system and contracting models could affect whether and how we pursue certain opportunities and the terms under which we are able to do so. A significant decline in overall U.S. Government spending, the substantial reduction or elimination of particular defense-related programs or significant delays in contract or task order awards could adversely affect our business.

 

15
 

 

Governments may terminate, cancel, modify or curtail our contracts at any time prior to their completion.

 

Under our government contracts, the client generally has the right not to exercise options to extend or expand our contracts and may otherwise terminate, cancel, modify or curtail our contracts at its convenience. Any decision by the client not to exercise contract options or to terminate, cancel, modify or curtail our programs or contracts would adversely affect our revenues, revenue growth and profitability.

 

We could incur significant liabilities and suffer negative publicity if people or properties are harmed by the products and systems we sell or the services we offer.

 

We design, develop, manufacture, sell, service and maintain various products and systems. In some instances, we also train operators of such products and systems. Many of these products and systems utilize software algorithms that are probabilistic in nature and subject to significant technical limitations. There are many factors, some of which are beyond our control, which could result in the failure of our products or systems. The failure of our products or systems could lead to injury, death, or extensive property damage and may lead to product liability, professional liability, or other claims against us. Further, if our products or systems fail, or are perceived to have failed, the negative publicity from such incident could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

Changes in, or interpretations of, accounting principles could have a significant impact on our financial position and results of operations.

 

We prepare our consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). These principles are subject to interpretation by the SEC and various bodies formed to interpret and create appropriate accounting principles. A change in these principles can have a significant effect on our reported results and may even retroactively affect previously reported transactions. Additionally, the adoption of new or revised accounting principles may require that we make significant changes to our systems, processes and controls.

 

For example, the U.S.-based Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) is currently working together with the International Accounting Standards Board (“IASB”) on several projects to further align accounting principles and facilitate more comparable financial reporting between companies who are required to follow GAAP under SEC regulations and those who are required to follow International Financial Reporting Standards outside of the U.S. These efforts by the FASB and IASB may result in different accounting principles under GAAP that may result in materially different financial results for us in areas including, but not limited to, principles for recognizing revenue and lease accounting.

 

Our business can be adversely affected by downturns in the overall economy.

 

The markets that we serve are cyclical and subject to general economic conditions. The direction and relative strength of the global economy continues to be uncertain. If economic growth in the United States, where we primarily operate, slows, our clients may consolidate or go out of business and thus demand for our services could be reduced significantly.

 

Our quarterly results may vary.

 

Variations in our revenues and operating results occur from time to time, as a result of a number of factors, such as the significance of client engagements commenced and completed during a quarter, the timing of engagements, the number of working days in a quarter, employee hiring and utilization rates, and integration of companies acquired. Because a high percentage of our expenses, particularly personnel and facilities related expenses, are relatively fixed in advance of any particular quarter, a variation in the timing of the initiation or the completion of our client assignments can cause significant variations in operating results from quarter to quarter.

 

16
 

 

The market price of our common stock may be volatile.

 

Many factors could cause the market price of our common stock to rise and fall. These include the risk factors listed above and below; changes in estimates of our performance or recommendations by securities analysts; future sales of shares of common stock in the public market; market conditions in the industry and economy as a whole; acquisitions or strategic alliances involving us or our competitors; restatement of financial results; and changes in accounting principles or methods. In addition, the stock market often experiences significant price fluctuations. These fluctuations are often unrelated to the operating performance of particular companies. These broad market fluctuations may adversely affect the market price of our common stock. When the market price of a company’s stock drops significantly, shareholders often institute securities class action litigation against that company. Any litigation against us could cause us to incur substantial costs, divert the time and attention of our management and other resources, or otherwise harm our business.

 

There can be no assurance that we will continue to declare cash dividends or repurchase our shares at all or in any particular amounts.

 

Our Board of Directors has declared quarterly dividends since March 2013. Our intent to continue to pay quarterly dividends and to repurchase our shares is subject to capital availability and, in the case of dividends, periodic determinations by our Board of Directors that cash dividends are in the best interest of our stockholders and are in compliance with all laws and agreements applicable to the declaration and payment of cash dividends by us. Future dividends and share repurchases may also be affected by, among other factors: our views on potential future capital requirements for investments, including acquisitions; legal risks; stock repurchase programs; changes in federal and state income tax laws or corporate laws; contractual restrictions; and changes to our business model. Our dividend payments and share repurchases may change from time to time, and we cannot provide assurance that we will continue to declare dividends or repurchase shares at all or in any particular amounts. A reduction or suspension in our dividend payments or share repurchase activity could have a negative effect on our stock price. 

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

 

None.

 

Item 2. Properties

 

Our Silicon Valley office facilities consist of a 153,738 square foot building, with office and laboratory space located on a 6.3-acre tract of land we own in Menlo Park, California and an adjacent 27,000 square feet of leased warehouse storage space.

 

Our Test and Engineering Center (TEC) occupies 147 acres in Phoenix, Arizona. We lease this land from the state of Arizona under a 30-year lease agreement that expires in January 2028 and have options to renew for two fifteen-year periods. We constructed an indoor test facility as well as an engineering and test preparation building at the TEC.

 

In addition, we lease office, warehouse and laboratory space in 18 other locations in 13 states and the District of Columbia, as well as in Germany, China, Hong Kong, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Leases for these offices, warehouse and laboratory facilities have terms generally ranging between one and ten years. Aggregate lease expense in fiscal 2014 for all leased properties was $5,951,000.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

 

Exponent is not engaged in any material legal proceedings.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

17
 

PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Exponent’s common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market, under the symbol “EXPO.” The following table sets forth for the fiscal periods indicated the high and low sales prices for our common stock.

 

Stock prices by quarter  High   Low 
         
Fiscal Year Ended January 3, 2014:          
First Quarter  $57.23   $47.17 
Second Quarter  $59.78   $50.42 
Third Quarter  $72.62   $59.13 
Fourth Quarter  $80.50   $67.81 
           
Fiscal Year Ended January 2, 2015:          
First Quarter  $77.89   $65.71 
Second Quarter  $76.31   $64.81 
Third Quarter  $77.64   $69.84 
Fourth Quarter  $84.01   $70.61 

 

As of February 20, 2015, there were 208 holders of record of our common stock. Because many of the shares of our common stock are held by brokers and other institutions on behalf of stockholders, we believe that there are considerably more beneficial holders of our common stock than record holders.

 

We paid $13.0 million and $7.9 million of dividends during fiscal 2014 and 2013, respectively. We paid no dividends during fiscal 2012. On February 4, 2015, our Board of Directors announced a cash dividend of $0.30 per share of the Company’s common stock, payable March 27, 2015, to stockholders of record as of March 6, 2015. We anticipate paying quarterly dividends each year in March, June, September and December, subject to declaration by our Board of Directors. See Part II, “Item 7: Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Liquidity and Capital Resources.” 

 

The following table provides information on the Company’s share repurchases (of Company common stock) for the quarter ended January 2, 2015 (in thousands, except price per share):

 

   Total Number
of Shares
Purchased
   Average
Price Paid
Per Share
   Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as Part of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs
   Approximate Dollar
Value of Shares That
May Yet Be Purchased
Under the Plan or
Program
 
                 
October 4 to October 31   42   $72.17    42   $35,078 
November 1 to November 28   -    -    -   $35,078 
November 29 to January 2   -   $-    -   $35,078 
Total   42   $72.17    42      

 

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The foregoing repurchases of the Company’s common stock were effected pursuant to a repurchase program authorized by the Company’s Board of Directors. On February 9, 2012, the Board of Directors authorized $35,000,000 for the repurchase of the Company’s common stock. On February 15, 2013, the Board of Directors authorized an additional $35,000,000 for the repurchase of the Company’s common stock. On May 29, 2014, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized an additional $35,000,000 for the repurchase of the Company’s common stock. These repurchase programs have no expiration dates. As of January 2, 2015, there remained $35,078,000 available for repurchases under these authorizations. 

 

COMPANY STOCK PRICE PERFORMANCE GRAPH

 

The graph compares the Company’s cumulative total stockholder return calculated on a dividend-reinvested basis from 2009 through 2014 with those of the Standard & Poor’s (“S&P”) 500 Index and the S&P SmallCap 600 Index. The Company does not have a comparable peer group and thus has selected the S&P Small Cap 600 Index. The graph assumes that $100 was invested on the last day of 2009. Note that the historic stock price performance is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance.

 

 

19
 

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

 

The following selected consolidated financial data are derived from our consolidated financial statements. This data should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto, and with Part II - “Item 7: Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

 

   Fiscal Year 
(In thousands, except per share data)  2014   2013   2012   2011   2010 
                     
Consolidated Statements of Income Data:                         
                          
Revenues before reimbursements  $289,209   $280,043   $266,562   $246,667   $221,860 
Revenues  $304,704   $296,168   $292,653   $272,446   $248,753 
Operating income  $63,549   $55,946   $57,620   $53,460   $43,241 
Net income  $40,701   $38,640   $37,225   $32,695   $27,521 
                          
Net income per share:                         
Basic  $3.02   $2.84   $2.70   $2.31   $1.92 
Diluted  $2.94   $2.76   $2.60   $2.22   $1.83 
                          
Cash dividends declared per share  $1.00   $0.60   $-   $-   $- 
                          
Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:                         
                          
Cash and cash equivalents  $129,490   $122,948   $113,268   $84,439   $106,549 
Short-term investments  $24,913   $33,171   $20,881   $25,260   $- 
Working capital  $187,155   $179,537   $163,673   $137,803   $136,860 
Total assets  $365,299   $344,166   $315,417   $268,788   $258,892 
Long-term liabilities  $41,666   $36,960   $27,217   $21,298   $17,358 
Total stockholders’ equity  $244,288   $235,059   $216,429   $186,715   $183,800 

 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

OVERVIEW

 

Exponent, Inc. is a science and engineering consulting firm that provides solutions to complex problems. Our multidisciplinary team of scientists, physicians, engineers, business and regulatory consultants brings together more than 90 different technical disciplines to solve complicated issues facing industry and government today. Our services include analysis of products, people, property, processes and finances related to litigation, product recall, regulatory compliance, research, development and design.

 

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES

 

In preparing our consolidated financial statements, we make assumptions, judgments and estimates that can have a significant impact on our revenue, operating income and net income, as well as on the value of certain assets and liabilities on our consolidated balance sheet. We base our assumptions, judgments and estimates on historical experience and various other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results could differ materially from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. On a regular basis we evaluate our assumptions, judgments and estimates and make changes accordingly. We believe that the assumptions, judgments and estimates involved in accounting for revenue recognition and estimating the allowance for doubtful accounts and contract losses have the greatest potential impact on our consolidated financial statements, so we consider these to be our critical accounting policies. We discuss below the assumptions, judgments and estimates associated with these policies. Historically, our assumptions, judgments and estimates relative to our critical accounting policies have not differed materially from actual results. For further information on our critical accounting policies, see “Note 1: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” of our Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Revenue recognition. We derive our revenues primarily from professional fees earned on consulting engagements, fees earned for the use of our equipment and facilities, as well as reimbursements for outside direct expenses associated with the services that are billed to our clients.

 

Substantially all of our engagements are service contracts performed under time and material or fixed-price billing arrangements. For time and material and fixed-price service projects, revenue is generally recognized as the services are performed. For substantially all of our fixed-price service engagements, we recognize revenue based on the relationship of incurred labor hours at standard rates to our estimate of the total labor hours at standard rates we expect to incur over the term of the contract. Our estimate of total labor hours we expect to incur over the term of the contract is based on the nature of the project and our past experience on similar projects. We believe this methodology achieves a reliable measure of the revenue from the consulting services we provide to our customers under fixed-price contracts.

 

Significant management judgments and estimates must be made and used in connection with the revenues recognized in any accounting period. These judgments and estimates include an assessment of collectability and, for fixed-price engagements, an estimate as to the total effort required to complete the project. If we made different judgments or utilized different estimates, the amount and timing of our revenue for any period could be materially different.

 

All contracts are subject to review by management, which requires a positive assessment of the collectability of contract amounts. If, during the course of the contract, we determine that collection of revenue is not reasonably assured, we do not recognize the revenue until its collection becomes reasonably assured, which in those situations would generally be upon receipt of cash. We assess collectability based on a number of factors, including past transaction history with the client, as well as the credit-worthiness of the client. Losses on fixed-price contracts are recognized during the period in which the loss first becomes evident. Contract losses are determined to be the amount by which the estimated total costs of the contract exceeds the total fixed price of the contract.

 

Estimating the allowance for doubtful accounts and contract losses. We make estimates of our ability to collect accounts receivable and our unbilled but recognized work-in-process. In circumstances where we are aware of a specific customer’s inability to meet its financial obligations to us or for disputes with customers that affect our ability to fully collect our accounts receivable and unbilled work-in-process, we record a specific allowance to reduce the net recognized receivable to the amount we reasonably believe will be collected. For all other customers we recognize allowances for doubtful accounts and contract losses taking into consideration factors such as historical write-offs, customer concentration, customer credit-worthiness, current economic conditions, and aging of amounts due. 

 

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the percentage of revenues of certain items in our consolidated statements of income and the percentage increase (decrease) in the dollar amount of such items year to year:

 

   PERCENTAGE OF REVENUES   PERIOD TO 
   FOR FISCAL YEARS   PERIOD CHANGE 
   2014   2013   2012   2014 vs. 2013   2013 vs. 2012 
                     
Revenues   100.0%   100.0%   100.0%   2.9%   1.2%
                          
Operating expenses:                         
Compensation and related expenses   60.2    62.2    58.7    (0.3)   7.1 
Other operating expenses   8.6    8.5    8.1    3.9    7.3 
Reimbursable expenses   5.1    5.4    8.9    (3.9)   (38.2)
General and administrative expenses   5.2    5.0    4.6    7.7    8.5 
    79.1    81.1    80.3    0.4    2.2 
Operating income   20.9    18.9    19.7    13.6    (2.9)
                          
Other income, net   1.4    2.7    1.4    (44.8)   93.7 
                          
Income before income taxes   22.3    21.6    21.1    6.3    3.6 
                          
Provision for income taxes   8.9    8.5    8.4    7.7    3.2 
                          
Net income   13.4%   13.0%   12.7%   5.3%   3.8%

 

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

 

Revenues for fiscal 2014 increased 3% and revenues before reimbursements increased 3% as compared to the prior year. The increase in revenues before reimbursements was due to an increase in billable hours and an increase in billing rates partially offset by fiscal 2014 having one less week of activity than fiscal 2013. We experienced demand for our consulting services from a diverse set of clients for both reactive and proactive projects.

 

During fiscal 2014, we experienced demand for our reactive services performing high profile accident and failure investigations and evaluating potentially significant product recalls.

 

We also experienced demand for our proactive consulting services, performing design evaluations of consumer electronics and medical devices in addition to regulatory consulting for the chemical and food industries.

 

During fiscal 2014, we had notable performances in several practices including our materials & corrosion engineering, biomedical engineering, polymer science & materials chemistry, human factors, and construction consulting practices, as well as our environmental group.

 

The increase in revenues before reimbursements resulted in a 5% increase in net income to $40,701,000 during fiscal 2014 as compared to $38,640,000 during the prior year. Diluted earnings per share increased to $2.94 per share as compared to $2.76 during the prior year due to the increase in net income and our ongoing share repurchase program.

 

We remain focused on selectively adding top talent and developing the skills necessary to expand upon our market position, providing clients with in-depth scientific research and analysis to determine what happened and how to prevent failures or exposures in the future, capitalizing on emerging growth areas, managing other operating expenses, generating cash from operations, maintaining a strong balance sheet and undertaking activities such as share repurchases and dividends to enhance shareholder value. We continue to expect one of our major investigations to step down from its elevated level of activity as it moves through its project life cycle. We also continue to expect a step down in the level of activity in our technology development practice due to the constraints on defense spending and the withdrawal of United States and United Kingdom combat troops from Afghanistan. 

 

OVERVIEW OF THE YEAR ENDED

JANUARY 2, 2015

 

Our revenues consist of professional fees earned on consulting engagements, fees for use of our equipment and facilities, and reimbursements for outside direct expenses associated with the services performed that are billed to our clients.

 

We operate on a 52-53 week fiscal year with each year ending on the Friday closest to December 31st. The fiscal year ended January 2, 2015 included 52 weeks of activity. The fiscal year ended January 3, 2014 included 53 weeks of activity. The fiscal year ended December 28, 2012 included 52 weeks of activity. Fiscal 2015 will end on Friday, January 1, 2016.

 

During fiscal 2014, billable hours increased 1.8% to 1,107,000 as compared to 1,087,000 during fiscal 2013. The increase in billable hours was due to continued demand for our proactive and reactive consulting services. The increase in billable hours was partially offset by fiscal 2014 having one less week of activity than fiscal 2013. Total billable hours during the 53rd week of fiscal 2013 were 9,804.

 

Our utilization increased to 72% for fiscal 2014 as compared to 71% during fiscal 2013. The increase in utilization was due to demand for our consulting services from a diverse set of clients for both reactive and proactive projects and our management of headcount to align resources with anticipated demand. Technical full-time equivalent employees increased 3.1% to 741 during fiscal 2014 as compared to 719 during fiscal 2013 due to our recruiting and retention efforts. We continue to selectively hire key talent to expand our capabilities.

 

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FISCAL YEARS ENDED JANUARY 2, 2015, AND JANUARY 3, 2014

 

Revenues

 

(In thousands except  Fiscal Years   Percent 
percentages)  2014   2013   Change 
             
Engineering and Other Scientific  $223,384   $215,972    3.4%
Percentage of total revenues   73.3%   72.9%     
Environmental and Health   81,320    80,196    1.4%
Percentage of total revenues   26.7%   27.1%     
                
Total revenues  $304,704   $296,168    2.9%

 

The increase in revenues for our Engineering and Other Scientific segment was due to an increase in billable hours and an increase in billing rates partially offset by fiscal 2014 having one less week of activity than fiscal 2013. During fiscal 2014, billable hours for this segment increased by 2.1% to 794,000 as compared to 778,000 during fiscal 2013. The increase was due to demand for services in our materials & corrosion engineering, biomedical engineering, polymer science & materials chemistry, human factors, and construction consulting practices. Utilization was 74% for both fiscal 2014 and fiscal 2013. Technical full-time equivalents increased 4.6% to 519 for fiscal 2014 from 496 for fiscal 2013 due to our recruiting and retention efforts.

 

The increase in revenues from our Environmental and Health segment was due to an increase in billable hours and an increase in billing rates partially offset by fiscal 2014 having one less week of activity than fiscal 2013. During fiscal 2014, billable hours for this segment increased by 1.3% to 313,000 as compared to 309,000 during fiscal 2013. Utilization increased to 68% for fiscal 2014 as compared to 65% for fiscal 2013. The increase in billable hours and utilization was due to demand for our services in our environmental sciences and ecological sciences practices. Technical full-time equivalents were 222 during fiscal 2014 as compared to 223 for fiscal 2013.

 

Revenues are primarily derived from services provided in response to client requests or events that occur without notice and engagements are generally terminable or subject to postponement or delay at any time by our clients. As a result, backlog at any particular time is small in relation to our quarterly or annual revenues and is not a reliable indicator of revenues for any future periods. 

 

Compensation and Related Expenses

 

(In thousands except  Fiscal Years   Percent 
percentages)  2014   2013   Change 
             
Compensation and related expenses  $183,533   $184,084    (0.3)%
Percentage of total revenues   60.2%   62.2%     

 

The decrease in compensation and related expenses during fiscal 2014 was due to a change in the value of assets associated with our deferred compensation plan partially offset by an increase in payroll and bonus expense. During fiscal 2014, deferred compensation expense decreased $3,519,000 with a corresponding decrease to other income (expense), net, as compared with the prior year due to the change in value of assets associated with our deferred compensation plan. This decrease consisted of an increase in the value of the plan assets of $2,525,000 during fiscal 2014 as compared to an increase in the value of the plan assets of $6,044,000 during fiscal 2013. Payroll increased $1,657,000 due to a 3.1% increase in technical full-time equivalent employees and the impact of our annual salary increases partially offset by fiscal 2014 having one less week of activity than fiscal 2013. Bonuses increased $1,503,000 due to a corresponding increase in profitability. We expect our compensation expense, excluding the change in value of deferred compensation plan assets, to increase as we selectively add new talent.

 

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Other Operating Expenses

 

(In thousands except  Fiscal Years   Percent 
percentages)  2014   2013   Change 
             
Other operating expenses  $26,285   $25,299    3.9%
Percentage of total revenues   8.6%   8.5%     

 

Other operating expenses include facilities-related costs, technical materials, computer-related expenses and depreciation and amortization of property, equipment and leasehold improvements. The increase in other operating expenses was primarily due to an increase in occupancy expense of $514,000 and an increase in depreciation and amortization of $454,000. The increases in occupancy expense and depreciation and amortization were due to the continued expansion of our facilities to accommodate the increase in technical full-time equivalent employees. We expect other operating expense to grow as we selectively add new talent and make investments in our corporate infrastructure.

 

Reimbursable Expenses

 

(In thousands except  Fiscal Years   Percent 
percentages)  2014   2013   Change 
             
Reimbursable expenses  $15,495   $16,125    (3.9)%
Percentage of total revenues   5.1%   5.4%     

 

The decrease in reimbursable expenses was primarily due to a decrease in project-related costs in our technology development practice in our Engineering and Other Scientific segment. The amount of reimbursable expenses will vary from year to year depending on the nature of our projects.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

(In thousands except  Fiscal Years   Percent 
percentages)  2014   2013   Change 
             
General and administrative expenses  $15,842   $14,714    7.7%
Percentage of total revenues   5.2%   5.0%     

 

The increase in general and administrative expenses during fiscal 2014 was primarily due to an increase in travel and meals of $561,000 and an increase in contributions of $506,000. The increase in travel and meals was due to a firm-wide managers’ meeting held during the third quarter of 2014. We expect general and administrative expenses to increase as we selectively add new talent, expand our business development efforts, and pursue staff development initiatives.

 

Other Income (Expense), Net

 

(In thousands except  Fiscal Years   Percent 
percentages)  2014   2013   Change 
             
Other income and expense, net  $4,416   $7,999    (44.8)%
Percentage of total revenues   1.4%   2.7%     

 

Other income (expense), net, consists primarily of interest income earned on available cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments, changes in the value of assets associated with our deferred compensation plan and rental income from leasing excess space in our Silicon Valley facility. The decrease in other income (expense), net, was primarily due to the change in value of assets associated with our deferred compensation plan. This change consisted of an increase in the value of the plan assets of $2,525,000 during fiscal 2014 as compared to an increase in the value of the plan assets of $6,044,000 during fiscal 2013.

 

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Income Taxes

 

(In thousands except  Fiscal Years   Percent 
percentages)  2014   2013   Change 
             
Income taxes  $27,264   $25,305    7.7%
Percentage of total revenues   8.9%   8.5%     
Effective tax rate   40.1%   39.6%     

 

The increase in income taxes was due to a corresponding increase in pre-tax income. The increase in our effective tax rate was due to manufacturing deductions claimed in fiscal 2013. These manufacturing deductions were non-recurring.

 

FISCAL YEARS ENDED JANUARY 3, 2014, AND DECEMBER 28, 2012

 

Revenues

 

(In thousands except  Fiscal Years   Percent 
percentages)  2013   2012   Change 
             
Engineering and Other Scientific  $215,972   $213,304    1.3%
Percentage of total revenues   72.9%   72.9%     
Environmental and Health   80,196    79,349    1.1%
Percentage of total revenues   27.1%   27.1%     
                
Total revenues  $296,168   $292,653    1.2%

 

The increase in revenues for our Engineering and Other Scientific segment was due to an increase in billable hours and an increase in billing rates partially offset by a decrease in reimbursable expenses and a decrease in product sales in our technology development practice. During fiscal 2013, billable hours for this segment increased by 5.4% to 778,000 as compared to 738,000 during fiscal 2012. The increase was due to strong demand for services in our polymer science, mechanical engineering, biomedical engineering, engineering management, and construction consulting practices. The increase in billable hours was also due to fiscal 2013 having one additional week of activity than fiscal 2012. Utilization decreased to 74% for fiscal 2013 as compared to 75% during fiscal 2012 due to the anticipated step down in our elevated levels of activity on several major investigations. Technical full-time equivalents increased 4.6% to 496 for fiscal 2013 from 474 for fiscal 2012 due to our recruiting and retention efforts. Product sales in defense technology development decreased to $486,000 during fiscal 2013 as compared to $9,213,000 during fiscal 2012 due to lower sales of surveillance systems to the United States Army.

 

The increase in revenues from our Environmental and Health segment was due to an increase in billing rates, revenues of $1.4 million related to services performed in prior periods for a foreign client for which we deferred revenue until receipt of payment, and fiscal 2013 having one additional week of activity than fiscal 2012, partially offset by a decrease in billable hours. During fiscal 2013, billable hours for this segment decreased by 1.6% to 309,000 as compared to 314,000 during fiscal 2012. Utilization decreased to 65% for fiscal 2013 as compared to 69% for fiscal 2012. The decrease in billable hours and utilization was due to a step down from the elevated levels of activity on a number of major investigations that engage consultants across many of our environmental and health practices and centers. The decrease in utilization was also due to our investment in hiring experienced consultants. Technical full-time equivalents increased by 2.3% to 223 during fiscal 2013 as compared to 218 for fiscal 2012 due to our recruiting and retention efforts.

 

Compensation and Related Expenses

 

(In thousands except  Fiscal Years   Percent 
percentages)  2013   2012   Change 
             
Compensation and related expenses  $184,084   $171,809    7.1%
Percentage of total revenues   62.2%   58.7%     

 

The increase in compensation and related expenses during fiscal 2013 was due to an increase in payroll, bonuses, fringe benefits and a change in the value of assets associated with our deferred compensation plan. Payroll increased $5,719,000 and fringe benefits increased $730,000 due to a 3.9% increase in technical full-time equivalent employees, the impact of our annual salary increases, and fiscal 2013 having one additional week of activity than fiscal 2012. Bonuses increased $992,000 due to a corresponding increase in profitability. During fiscal 2013, deferred compensation expense increased $3,886,000 with a corresponding increase to other income (expense), net, as compared with the prior year due to the change in value of assets associated with our deferred compensation plan. This increase consisted of an increase in the value of the plan assets of $6,044,000 during fiscal 2013 as compared to an increase in the value of the plan assets of $2,158,000 during fiscal 2012.

 

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Other Operating Expenses

 

(In thousands except  Fiscal Years   Percent 
percentages)  2013   2012   Change 
             
Other operating expenses  $25,299   $23,574    7.3%
Percentage of total revenues   8.5%   8.1%     

 

Other operating expenses include facilities-related costs, technical materials, computer-related expenses and depreciation and amortization of property, equipment and leasehold improvements. The increase in other operating expenses was primarily due to an increase in occupancy expenses of $579,000, an increase in computer expenses of $359,000, an increase in technical materials of $275,000, an increase in depreciation and amortization of $241,000, and an increase in office expenses of $223,000. The increase in occupancy expenses, computer expenses, technical materials, depreciation and amortization, and office expenses were due to costs associated with the increase in technical full-time equivalent employees and the extra week of activity during fiscal 2013.

 

Reimbursable Expenses

 

(In thousands except  Fiscal Years   Percent 
percentages)  2013   2012   Change 
             
Reimbursable expenses  $16,125   $26,091    (38.2)%
Percentage of total revenues   5.4%   8.9%     

 

The decrease in reimbursable expenses was primarily due to a decrease in project-related costs in our technology development practice in our Engineering and Other Scientific segment. The amount of reimbursable expenses will vary from year to year depending on the nature of our projects.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

(In thousands except  Fiscal Years   Percent 
percentages)  2013   2012   Change 
             
General and administrative expenses  $14,714   $13,559    8.5%
Percentage of total revenues   5.0%   4.6%     

 

The increase in general and administrative expenses during fiscal 2013 was primarily due to an increase in legal expense of $857,000 and an increase in recruiting expenses of $259,000. The increase in legal expenses was due to an increase in costs associated with legal claims during fiscal 2013 as compared to the same period last year. The increase in recruiting costs was due to our efforts to hire experienced consultants.

 

Other Income (Expense), Net

 

(In thousands except  Fiscal Years   Percent 
percentages)  2013   2012   Change 
             
Other income and expense, net  $7,999   $4,129    93.7%
Percentage of total revenues   2.7%   1.4%     

 

Other income (expense), net, consists primarily of interest income earned on available cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments, changes in the value of assets associated with our deferred compensation plan and rental income from leasing excess space in our Silicon Valley facility. The increase in other income (expense), net, was primarily due to the change in value of assets associated with our deferred compensation plan. This change consisted of an increase in the value of the plan assets of $6,044,000 during fiscal 2013 as compared to an increase in the value of the plan assets of $2,158,000 during fiscal 2012.

 

Income Taxes

 

(In thousands except  Fiscal Years   Percent 
percentages)  2013   2012   Change 
             
Income taxes  $25,305   $24,524    3.2%
Percentage of total revenues   8.5%   8.4%     
Effective tax rate   39.6%   39.7%     

 

The increase in income taxes was due to a corresponding increase in pre-tax income. During fiscal 2011 our effective tax rate was 40.4%. The decrease in our effective tax rate for fiscal 2012 was primarily due to a change in estimate associated with the Company’s apportionment of income between the states. Our effective tax rate for fiscal 2013 remained below our historical average due to manufacturing deductions claimed. Both the change in apportionment between the states and the manufacturing deductions were non-recurring.

 

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LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

   Fiscal Years 
(In thousands)  2014   2013   2012 
             
Net cash provided by (used in):               
Operating activities  $48,252   $61,792   $48,505 
Investing activities  $2,435   $(18,880)  $(1,169)
Financing activities  $(43,128)  $(33,769)  $(18,859)

 

We financed our business in fiscal 2014 through available cash and cash flows from operating activities. We invest our excess cash in cash equivalents and short-term investments. As of January 2, 2015, our cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments were $154,403,000 compared to $156,119,000 at January 3, 2014. We believe our existing balances of cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments will be sufficient to satisfy our working capital needs, capital expenditures, outstanding commitments, stock repurchases, dividends and other liquidity requirements over at least the next 12 months.

 

Generally, our net cash provided by operating activities is used to fund our day-to-day operating activities. First quarter operating cash requirements are generally higher due to payment of our annual bonuses accrued during the prior year. Our largest source of operating cash flows is cash collections from our clients.  Our primary uses of cash from operating activities are for employee-related expenditures, leased facilities, taxes, and general operating expenses including marketing and travel.

 

Net cash provided by operating activities was $48.3 million for fiscal 2014 as compared to $61.8 million and $48.5 million in fiscal 2013 and 2012, respectively. The decrease in net cash provided by operating activities during fiscal 2014, as compared to fiscal 2013, was due to a decrease in cash receipts from clients. Accounts receivable increased during fiscal 2014 as compared to a decrease during fiscal 2013. The increase in net cash provided by operating activities during fiscal 2013 as compared to fiscal 2012 was primarily due to an increase in cash receipts from clients. Accounts receivable decreased during fiscal 2013 as compared to an increase during fiscal 2012.

 

During fiscal 2014, 2013 and 2012, net cash provided by (used in) investing activities was primarily related to the purchase and sale or maturity of short-term investments.

 

The increase in net cash used in financing activities during fiscal 2014, as compared to fiscal 2013, was due to an increase in our quarterly dividend payments and an increase in repurchases of our common stock. The increase in net cash used in financing activities during fiscal 2013, as compared to fiscal 2012, was due to our quarterly dividend payments which started in the first quarter of 2013, an increase in repurchases of common stock, and an increase in payroll taxes for restricted stock units.

 

We expect to continue our investing activities, including capital expenditures. Furthermore, cash reserves may be used to repurchase common stock under our stock repurchase programs, pay dividends or strategically acquire professional service firms that are complementary to our business.

 

The following schedule summarizes our principal contractual commitments as of January 2, 2015 (in thousands):

 

   Operating         
Fiscal  lease   Purchase     
year  commitments   Obligations   Total 
2015  $7,612   $320   $7,932 
2016   5,889    -    5,889 
2017   3,802    -    3,802 
2018   2,173    -    2,173 
2019   1,069    -    1,069 
Thereafter   2,107    -    2,107 
   $22,652   $320   $22,972 

 

The above table does not reflect unrecognized tax benefits of $1,546,000, the timing of which is uncertain. Refer to “Note 7: Income Taxes” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional discussion on unrecognized tax benefits.

 

We maintain nonqualified deferred compensation plans for the benefit of a select group of highly compensated employees. Vested amounts due under the plans of $37,745,000 were recorded as a long-term liability on our consolidated balance sheet at January 2, 2015. Company assets that are earmarked to pay benefits under the plans are held in a rabbi trust and are subject to the claims of our creditors. As of January 2, 2015, invested amounts under the plans of $36,195,000 were recorded as a long-term asset on our consolidated balance sheet.

 

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As permitted under Delaware law, we have agreements whereby we indemnify our officers and directors for certain events or occurrences while the officer or director is, or was serving, at our request in such capacity. The indemnification period covers all pertinent events and occurrences during the officer’s or director’s lifetime. The maximum potential amount of future payments we could be required to make under these indemnification agreements is unlimited; however, we have director and officer insurance coverage that reduces our exposure and enables us to recover a portion of any future amounts paid. We believe the estimated fair value of these indemnification agreements in excess of applicable insurance coverage is minimal.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

As part of our ongoing business, we do not engage in transactions that generate relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities.

 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

 

Regulation G, conditions for use of Non-Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“Non-GAAP”) financial measures, and other SEC regulations define and prescribe the conditions for use of certain Non-GAAP financial information. Generally, a Non-GAAP financial measure is a numerical measure of a company’s performance, financial position or cash flow that either excludes or includes amounts that are not normally excluded or included in the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP. We closely monitor two financial measures, EBITDA and EBITDAS, which meet the definition of Non-GAAP financial measures. We define EBITDA as net income before income taxes, interest income, depreciation and amortization. We define EBITDAS as EBITDA before stock-based compensation. We regard EBITDA and EBITDAS as useful measures of operating performance and cash flow to complement operating income, net income and other GAAP financial performance measures. Additionally, management believes that EBITDA and EBITDAS provide meaningful comparisons of past, present and future operating results. These measures are used to evaluate our financial results, develop budgets and determine employee compensation. These measures, however, should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute or superior to, operating income, cash flows, or other measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. A reconciliation of the Non-GAAP measures to the nearest comparable GAAP measure is set forth below.

 

The following table shows EBITDA as a percentage of revenues before reimbursements for fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012:

 

(in thousands, except percentages)

   Fiscal Years 
   2014   2013   2012 
                
Revenues before reimbursements  $289,209   $280,043   $266,562 
                
EBITDA  $73,219   $68,769   $66,132 
                
EBITDA as a % of revenues before reimbursements   25.3%   24.6%   24.8%

 

The increase in EBITDA as a percentage of revenues before reimbursements for fiscal 2014 as compared to fiscal 2013 was primarily due to an increase in utilization. Utilization for fiscal 2014 increased to 72% as compared to 71% during fiscal 2013 due to strong demand for our consulting services from a diverse set of clients for both reactive and proactive projects and our management of headcount to align resources with anticipated demand.

 

The decrease in EBITDA as a percentage of revenues before reimbursements for fiscal 2013, as compared to fiscal 2012, was primarily due to a decrease in utilization and a decrease in product sales in our technology development practice. Our utilization decreased to 71% during fiscal 2013 as compared to 73% during fiscal 2012 due to the anticipated step down in our elevated levels of activity on several major investigations and due to our investment in hiring technical consultants.

 

28
 

 

The following table is a reconciliation of EBITDA and EBITDAS to the most comparable GAAP measure, net income, for fiscal 2014, 2013 and 2012:

 

(in thousands)    
   Fiscal Years 
   2014   2013   2012 
             
Net Income  $40,701   $38,640   $37,225 
                
Add back (subtract):               
                
Income taxes   27,264    25,305    24,524 
Interest income, net   (150)   (127)   (328)
Depreciation and amortization   5,404    4,951    4,711 
                
EBITDA   73,219    68,769    66,132 
                
Stock-based compensation   13,079    13,168    12,378 
                
EBITDAS  $86,298   $81,937   $78,510 

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk

 

Exponent is exposed to interest rate risk associated with our balances of cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments. We manage our interest rate risk by maintaining an investment portfolio primarily consisting of debt instruments with high credit quality and relatively short average effective maturities in accordance with the Company’s investment policy. The maximum effective maturity of any issue in our portfolio of cash equivalents and short-term investments is 3 years and the maximum average effective maturity of the portfolio cannot exceed 12 months.

 

If interest rates were to instantaneously increase or decrease by 100 basis points, the change in the fair value of our portfolio of cash equivalents and short-term investments would not have a material impact on our financial statements. We do not use derivative financial instruments in our investment portfolio. Notwithstanding our efforts to manage interest rate risk, there can be no assurances that we will be adequately protected against the risks associated with interest rate fluctuations.

 

We have foreign currency risk related to our revenues and expenses denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar, primarily the British Pound, the Euro, and the Chinese Yuan. Accordingly, changes in exchange rates may negatively affect the revenues and net income of our foreign subsidiaries as expressed in U.S. dollars. Our foreign currency risk is primarily in our Environmental and Health operating segment.

 

At January 2, 2015, we had net assets of approximately $17.1 million with a functional currency of the British Pound, net assets of approximately $2.5 million with a functional currency of the Euro, and net assets of approximately $2.1 million with a functional currency of the Chinese Yuan associated with our operations in the United Kingdom, Germany, and China, respectively.

 

We also have foreign currency risk related to foreign currency transactions and monetary assets and liabilities denominated in currencies that are not the functional currency. We have experienced and will continue to experience fluctuations in our net income as a result of gains (losses) on these foreign currency transactions and the remeasurement of monetary assets and liabilities. At January 2, 2015, we had net assets denominated in the non-functional currency of approximately $4.4 million. As such, a ten percent change in the value of the local currency would result in $0.44 million foreign currency gain or loss in our results of operations.

 

We do not use foreign exchange contracts to hedge any foreign currency exposures. To date, the impacts of foreign currency exchange rate changes on our consolidated revenues and consolidated net income have not been material. However, our continued international expansion increases our exposure to exchange rate fluctuations and as a result such fluctuations could have a significant impact on our future results of operations. 

 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

See Item 15 of this Form 10-K for required financial statements and supplementary data.

 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

None.

 

29
 

 

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

 

KPMG LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, has audited the Company’s internal control over financial reporting, as stated in their report which is included in Part IV, Item 15 of this Form 10-K.

 

(a)Conclusion Regarding the Effectiveness of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined under Rule 13(a)-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Based on this evaluation, our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this annual report. 

 

(b)Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f). Our internal control over financial reporting is designed to provide reasonable assurance, but not absolute assurance, regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. There are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of internal control over financial reporting. These limitations include the possibility of human error, the circumvention or overriding of the system and reasonable resource constraints. Because of its inherent limitations, our internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate. Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (1992) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on our evaluation under the framework in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (1992), our management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective at the reasonable assurance level as of January 2, 2015.

 

(c)Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.

 

There have not been any changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act, during the most recent fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Item 9B. Other Information

 

None.

 

PART III

 

Certain information required by Part III is omitted from this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We intend to file a definitive Proxy Statement pursuant to Regulation 14A not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K, and certain information included therein is incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

The information required by this item with respect to our directors, audit committee, code of ethics and compliance with section 16(a) of the Exchange Act is incorporated by reference to the sections of the Company’s definitive Proxy Statement for its 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders (the “Proxy Statement”) entitled “Proposal No. 1: Election of Directors,” “Board Meetings, Committees, and Board Leadership,” “Code of Business Conduct and Corporate Governance” and “Compliance with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act.” See Item 1 for information regarding the executive officers of the Company.

 

Item 11. Executive Compensation

 

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference to the section of the Proxy Statement entitled “Executive Officer Compensation.”

 

 

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference to the sections of the Proxy Statement entitled “Stock Ownership” and “Equity Compensation Plan Information.” 

 

30
 

 

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference to the sections of the Proxy Statement entitled “Related Party Transactions” and “Proposal No. 1 – Election of Directors.”

 

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services

 

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference to the section of the Proxy Statement entitled “Principal Accounting Fees and Services.”

 

PART IV

 

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

 

(a)   The following documents are filed as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

1.     Financial Statements

 

The following consolidated financial statements of Exponent, Inc. and subsidiaries and the Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm are included herewith:

 

    Page
     
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm   32
     
Consolidated Statements of Income for the years ended January 2, 2015,
January 3, 2014 and December 28, 2012
  33
     
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the years ended  
January 2, 2015, January 3, 2014 and December 28, 2012
  34
     
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014   35
     
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the years ended
January 2, 2015,  January 3, 2014 and December 28, 2012
  36
     
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended January 2, 2015,  
January 3, 2014 and December 28, 2012
  38
     
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements   39

 

2.     Financial Statement Schedules

 

The following financial statement schedule of Exponent, Inc. for the years ended January 2, 2015,

January 3, 2014 and December 28, 2012 is filed as part of this Report and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements of Exponent, Inc. and subsidiaries:

 

    Page
     
Schedule II - Valuation and Qualifying Accounts   57

 

Schedules other than those listed above have been omitted since they are either not required, not applicable, or the information is otherwise included elsewhere in the report.

 

3.     Exhibits

 

    Page
     
(a)      Exhibit Index   59

 

31
 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

The Board of Directors and Stockholders

Exponent, Inc.:

 

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Exponent, Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) as of January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended January 2, 2015. In connection with our audits of the consolidated financial statements, we have also audited the accompanying financial statement schedule II. We also have audited the internal control over financial reporting of Exponent, Inc. as of January 2, 2015, based on the criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (1992) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company’s management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting, appearing under Item 9A(b). Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule, and an opinion on the internal control over financial reporting of Exponent, Inc. based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the consolidated financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

 

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Exponent, Inc. and subsidiaries as of January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended January 2, 2015, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Also in our opinion, the related financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic consolidated financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein. Also, in our opinion, Exponent, Inc. maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of January 2, 2015, based on the criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (1992) issued by COSO .

 

/s/ KPMG LLP

San Francisco, California

February 27, 2015

 

32
 

 

Exponent, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Income

 

   Fiscal Years 
(In thousands, except per share data)  2014   2013   2012 
             
Revenues:               
Revenues before reimbursements  $289,209   $280,043   $266,562 
Reimbursements   15,495    16,125    26,091 
Revenues   304,704    296,168    292,653 
                
Operating expenses:               
Compensation and related expenses   183,533    184,084    171,809 
Other operating expenses   26,285    25,299    23,574 
Reimbursable expenses   15,495    16,125    26,091 
General and administrative expenses   15,842    14,714    13,559 
    241,155    240,222    235,033 
Operating income   63,549    55,946    57,620 
                
Other income:               
Interest income   150    127    328 
Miscellaneous income, net   4,266    7,872    3,801 
Income before income taxes   67,965    63,945    61,749 
                
Provision for income taxes   27,264    25,305    24,524 
Net income  $40,701   $38,640   $37,225 
                
Net income per share:               
Basic  $3.02   $2.84   $2.70 
Diluted  $2.94   $2.76   $2.60 
Shares used in per share computations:               
Basic   13,455    13,616    13,780 
Diluted   13,833    14,025    14,293 
                
Cash dividends declared per common share  $1.00   $0.60   $- 

 

See accompanying notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

33
 

 

Exponent, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

 

   Fiscal Years 
(In thousands)  2014   2013   2012 
             
Net income  $40,701   $38,640   $37,225 
                
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:               
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax of $304, $(187), and $(184), respectively   (1,017)   373    249 
Unrealized gain (loss) arising during the period on investments, net of tax of $(3), $10, and $19, respectively   4    (14)   (28)
Comprehensive income  $39,688   $38,999   $37,446 

 

See accompanying notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

34
 

 

Exponent, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

   Fiscal Year Ended 
(In thousands, except par value)  January 2, 2015   January 3, 2014 
         
Assets          
           
Current assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents  $129,490   $122,948 
Short-term investments   24,913    33,171 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for contract losses and doubtful accounts of $3,386 and $2,771, respectively   86,368    76,980 
Prepaid expenses and other assets   14,727    10,450 
Deferred income taxes   11,002    8,135 
Total current assets   266,500    251,684 
           
Property, equipment and leasehold improvements, net   28,264    28,721 
Goodwill   8,607    8,607 
Deferred income taxes   24,612    21,102 
Deferred compensation plan assets   36,195    33,501 
Other assets   1,121    551 
   $365,299   $344,166 
           
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity          
           
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities  $8,935   $8,442 
Accrued payroll and employee benefits   62,184    56,934 
Deferred revenues   8,226    6,771 
Total current liabilities   79,345    72,147 
           
Other liabilities   1,862    1,181 
Deferred compensation   37,745    33,447 
Deferred rent   2,059    2,332 
Total liabilities   121,011    109,107 
           
Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)          
           
Stockholders’ equity:          
Preferred stock, $.001 par value; 5,000 shares authorized; no shares outstanding   -    - 
Common stock, $.001 par value; 100,000 shares authorized; 16,427 shares issued   16    16 
Additional paid-in capital   160,225    141,250 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)          
Investment securities, available for sale   14    10 
Foreign currency translation adjustments   (918)   99 
    (904)   109 
Retained earnings   246,961    226,040 
Treasury stock, at cost: 3,556 and 3,363 shares held, respectively   (162,010)   (132,356)
Total stockholders’ equity   244,288    235,059 
   $365,299   $344,166 

 

See accompanying notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

35
 

 

Exponent, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

 

               Accumulated             
           Additional   other             
   Common Stock   paid-in   comprehensive   Retained   Treasury Stock     
(In thousands)  Shares   Amount   capital   income (loss)   earnings   Shares   Amount   Total 
                                 
Balance at December 30, 2011   16,427   $16   $108,071   $(471)  $179,432    3,127   $(100,333)  $186,715 
                                         
Employee stock purchase plan   -    -    400    -    -    (20)   608    1,008 
Exercise of stock options, net of swaps   -    -    (358)   -    (3,123)   (200)   6,088    2,607 
Excess tax benefit for equity incentive plans   -    -    3,948    -    -    -    -    3,948 
Amortization of unrecognized stock-based compensation   -    -    6,289    -    -    -    -    6,289 
Purchase of treasury shares   -    -    -    -    -    480    (23,395)   (23,395)
Foreign currency translation adjustments   -    -    -    249    -    -    -    249 
Grant of restricted stock units to settle accrued bonus   -    -    5,343    -    -    -    -    5,343 
Settlement of restricted stock units   -    -    -    -    (7,477)   (166)   3,945    (3,532)
Unrealized loss on investments   -    -    -    (28)   -    -    -    (28)
Net income   -    -    -    -    37,225    -    -    37,225 
Balance at December 28, 2012   16,427   $16   $123,693   $(250)  $206,057    3,221   $(113,087)  $216,429 
                                         
Employee stock purchase plan   -    -    648    -    -    (19)   518    1,166 
Exercise of stock options, net of swaps   -    -    (302)   -    (1,031)   (61)   1,627    294 
Excess tax benefit for equity incentive plans   -    -    4,267    -    -    -    -    4,267 
Amortization of unrecognized stock-based compensation   -    -    7,107    -    -    -    -    7,107 
Purchase of treasury shares   -    -    -    -         438    (25,011)   (25,011)
Foreign currency translation adjustments   -    -    -    373    -    -    -    373 
Grant of restricted stock units to settle accrued bonus   -    -    5,807    -    -    -    -    5,807 
Settlement of restricted stock units   -    -    (273)   -    (9,352)   (216)   3,597    (6,028)
Unrealized loss on investments   -    -    -    (14)   -    -    -    (14)
Dividends and dividend equivalent rights   -    -    303    -    (8,274)   -    -    (7,971)
Net income   -    -    -    -    38,640    -    -    38,640 
Balance at January 3, 2014   16,427   $16   $141,250   $109   $226,040    3,363   $(132,356)  $235,059 

 

See accompanying notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

36
 

 

               Accumulated                 
           Additional   other                 
   Common Stock   paid-in   comprehensive   Retained   Treasury Stock     
(In thousands)  Shares   Amount   capital   income (loss)   earnings   Shares   Amount   Total 
                                         
Balance at January 3, 2014   16,427   $16   $141,250   $109   $226,040    3,363   $(132,356)  $235,059 
                                         
Employee stock purchase plan   -    -    810    -    -    (16)   337    1,147 
Exercise of stock options, net of swaps   -    -    67    -    -    (42)   893    960 
Excess tax benefit for equity incentive plans   -    -    5,100    -    -    -    -    5,100 
Amortization of unrecognized stock-based compensation   -    -    6,792    -    -    -    -    6,792 
Purchase of treasury shares   -    -    -    -         425    (30,921)   (30,921)
Foreign currency translation adjustments   -    -    -    (1,017)   -    -    -    (1,017)
Grant of restricted stock units to settle accrued bonus   -    -    6,008    -    -    -    -    6,008 
Settlement of restricted stock units   -    -    (343)   -    (6,050)   (174)   37    (6,356)
Unrealized gain on investments   -    -    -    4    -    -    -    4 
Dividends and dividend equivalent rights   -    -    541    -    (13,730)   -    -    (13,189)
Net income   -    -    -    -    40,701    -    -    40,701 
Balance at January 2, 2015   16,427   $16   $160,225   $(904)  $246,961    3,556   $(162,010)  $244,288 

 

See accompanying notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

37
 

 

Exponent, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

   Fiscal Years 
(In thousands)  2014   2013   2012 
             
Cash flows from operating activities:               
Net income  $40,701   $38,640   $37,225 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:               
Depreciation and amortization of property, equipment and leasehold improvements   5,404    4,951    4,711 
Amortization of premiums and accretion of discounts               
on short-term investments   885    340    560 
Deferred rent expense   (273)   800    (310)
Provision for doubtful accounts   1,718    1,705    1,763 
Stock-based compensation   13,079    13,168    12,378 
Deferred income tax provision   (6,077)   (3,398)   (4,194)
Excess tax benefit for equity incentive plans   (5,100)   (4,267)   (3,948)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:               
Accounts receivable   (11,106)   6,676    (14,059)
Prepaid expenses and other assets   (5,320)   (4,596)   (3,379)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   6,142    3,002    7,374 
Accrued payroll and employee benefits   6,744    4,665    9,667 
Deferred revenues   1,455    106    717 
Net cash provided by operating activities   48,252    61,792    48,505 
                
Cash flows from investing activities:               
Capital expenditures   (4,947)   (6,226)   (4,942)
Purchase of short-term investments   (5,260)   (33,422)   (515)
Maturity of short-term investments   11,642    19,190    3,770 
Sale of short-term investments   1,000    1,578    518 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities   2,435    (18,880)   (1,169)
                
Cash flows from financing activities:               
Excess tax benefit for equity incentive plans   5,100    4,267    3,948 
Payroll taxes for restricted stock units   (6,356)   (6,402)   (3,531)
Repurchase of common stock   (30,921)   (25,519)   (22,887)
Exercise of share-based payment awards   2,107    1,812    3,611 
Dividends and dividend equivalent rights   (13,058)   (7,927)   - 
Net cash used in financing activities   (43,128)   (33,769)   (18,859)
                
Effect of foreign currency exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents   (1,017)   537    352 
                
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents   6,542    9,680    28,829 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year   122,948    113,268    84,439 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year  $129,490   $122,948   $113,268 

 

See accompanying notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

38
 

 

Exponent, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 1: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Presentation

Exponent, Inc. together with its subsidiaries (collectively referred to as the “Company”) is a science and engineering consulting firm that provides solutions to complex problems. The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

The Company operates on a 52-53 week fiscal year with each year ending on the Friday closest to December 31st. Fiscal period 2014 included 52 weeks of activity and ended on January 2, 2015. Fiscal period 2013 included 53 weeks of activity and ended on January 3, 2014. Fiscal period 2012 included 52 weeks of activity and ended on December 28, 2012. Fiscal period 2015 will end on January 1, 2016.

 

Authorized Capital Stock

The Company committed to stockholders in a letter dated May 23, 2006 to limit its use of its authorized capital stock to 40 million common shares, and 2 million preferred shares, unless the approval of the Company’s stockholders is obtained subsequently, such as through a further amendment to the Company’s authorized capital stock.

 

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Revenue Recognition

The Company derives its revenues primarily from professional fees earned on consulting engagements, fees earned for the use of its equipment and facilities, and reimbursements for outside direct expenses associated with the services that are billed to its clients. Any taxes assessed on revenues relating to services provided to its clients are recorded on a net basis.

 

The Company reports service revenues net of subcontractor fees. The Company has determined that it is not the primary obligor with respect to these subcontractors because:

 

·its clients are directly involved in the subcontractor selection process;
·the subcontractor is responsible for fulfilling the scope of work; and
·the Company passes through the costs of subcontractor agreements with only a minimal fixed percentage mark-up to compensate it for processing the transactions.

 

Reimbursements, including those related to travel and other out-of-pocket expenses, and other similar third party costs such as the cost of materials, are included in revenues, and an equivalent amount of reimbursable expenses are included in operating expenses. Any mark-up on reimbursable expenses is included in revenues.

 

Substantially all of the Company’s engagements are performed under time and material or fixed-price billing arrangements. On time and material and fixed-price projects, revenue is generally recognized as the services are performed. For substantially all of the Company’s fixed-price engagements, it recognizes revenue based on the relationship of incurred labor hours at standard rates to its estimate of the total labor hours at standard rates it expects to incur over the term of the contract. The Company believes this methodology achieves a reliable measure of the revenue from the consulting services it provides to its customers under fixed-price contracts given the nature of the consulting services the Company provides and the following additional considerations:

 

·the Company considers labor hours at standard rates and expenses to be incurred when pricing its contracts;
·the Company generally does not incur set up costs on its contracts;
·the Company does not believe that there are reliable milestones to measure progress toward completion;
·if the contract is terminated early, the customer is required to pay the Company for time at standard rates plus materials incurred to date;

 

39
 

 

·the Company does not recognize revenue for award fees or bonuses until specific contractual criteria are met;
·the Company does not include revenue for unpriced change orders until the customer agrees with the changes;
·historically the Company has not had significant accounts receivable write-offs or cost overruns; and
·its contracts are typically progress billed on a monthly basis.

 

Product revenue is recognized when both title and risk of loss transfer to the customer and customer acceptance has occurred, provided that no significant obligations remain.

 

Gross revenues and reimbursements for the fiscal years ended January 2, 2015, January 3, 2014 and December 28, 2012, respectively, were:

 

   Fiscal Years 
(In thousands)  2014   2013   2012 
             
Gross revenues  $313,723   $302,742   $298,818 
Less: Subcontractor fees   9,019    6,574    6,165 
Revenues   304,704    296,168    292,653 
                
Reimbursements:               
Out-of-pocket reimbursements   5,862    6,619    6,426 
Other outside direct expenses   9,633    9,506    19,665 
    15,495    16,125    26,091 
Revenues before reimbursements  $289,209   $280,043   $266,562 

 

Significant management judgments and estimates must be made in connection with the revenues recognized in any accounting period. These judgments and estimates include an assessment of collectability and, for fixed-price engagements, an estimate as to the total effort required to complete the project. If the Company made different judgments or utilized different estimates, the amount and timing of its revenue for any period could be materially different.

 

All consulting contracts are subject to review by management, which requires a positive assessment of the collectability of contract amounts. If, during the course of the contract, the Company determines that collection of revenue is not reasonably assured, it does not recognize the revenue until its collection becomes reasonably assured, which in those situations would generally be upon receipt of cash. The Company assesses collectability based on a number of factors, including past transaction history with the client, as well as the credit-worthiness of the client. Losses on fixed-price contracts are recognized during the period in which the loss first becomes evident. Contract losses are determined to be the amount by which the estimated total costs of the contract exceeds the total fixed price of the contract.

 

Foreign Currency Translation

The Company translates the assets and liabilities of foreign subsidiaries, whose functional currency is the local currency, at exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date. Revenues and expenses are translated at the average rates of exchange prevailing during the year. The adjustment resulting from translating the financial statements of such foreign subsidiaries is included in accumulated other comprehensive income, which is reflected as a separate component of stockholders’ equity.

 

Cash Equivalents

Cash equivalents consist of highly liquid investments such as money market mutual funds, commercial paper and debt securities with original remaining maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase.

 

Short-term Investments

Short-term investments consist of debt securities classified as available-for-sale and are carried at their fair value as of the balance sheet date. Short-term investments generally mature between three months and three years from the purchase date. Investments with maturities beyond one year are classified as short-term based on their highly liquid nature and because such marketable securities represent investments readily available for current operations. 

 

40
 

 

The amortized cost of securities is adjusted for amortization of premiums and accretion of discounts to maturity. Such amortization is included in interest income. Realized gains or losses are determined on the specific identification method and are reflected in other income. Net unrealized gains and losses are recorded directly in accumulated other comprehensive income except for unrealized losses that are deemed to be other-than-temporary, which are reflected in net income.

 

Investments are reviewed on a regular basis to evaluate whether or not any security has experienced an other-than temporary decline in fair value. When assessing investments for other-than-temporary declines in fair value, the Company considers the significance of the decline in value as a percentage of the original cost, how long the market value of the investment has been less than its original cost, any news that has been released specific to the investee, and the Company’s intent to sell, or whether it is more likely than not it will be required to sell the investment before recovery of the investments cost basis.

 

Allowances for Doubtful Accounts and Contract Losses

The Company maintains allowances for estimated losses resulting from the inability of customers to meet their financial obligations or for disputes that affect our ability to fully collect amounts due. In circumstances where the Company is aware of a specific customer’s inability to meet its financial obligations or aware of a dispute with a specific customer a specific allowance is recorded to reduce the net recognized receivable to the amount the Company reasonably believes will be collected. For all other customers the Company recognizes allowances for doubtful accounts based upon historical write-offs, customer concentration, customer credit-worthiness, current economic conditions, aging of amounts due and changes in customer payment terms.

 

Property, Equipment and Leasehold Improvements

Property, equipment and leasehold improvements are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization are recognized using the straight-line method. Buildings are depreciated over their estimated useful lives ranging from thirty to forty years. Equipment is depreciated over its estimated useful life, which generally ranges from two to seven years. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of their estimated useful lives, generally seven years, or the term of the related lease.

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

The Company evaluates long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of the assets to future undiscounted cash flows to be generated by the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured as the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. The Company has not recognized impairment losses on any long-lived assets in fiscal 2014, 2013 or 2012.

 

Goodwill

The Company assesses the impairment of goodwill annually and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may be impaired. The Company’s annual goodwill impairment review is completed during the fourth quarter of each year. The Company evaluates goodwill for each reporting unit for impairment by assessing qualitative factors to determine whether it is necessary to perform the two-step goodwill impairment test. The Company considers events and circumstances, including but not limited to, macroeconomic conditions, industry and market considerations, cost factors, overall financial performance, changes in management or key personnel, changes in strategy, changes in customers, a change in the composition or carrying amount of a reporting unit’s net assets and changes in the price of its common stock. If, after assessing the totality of events or circumstances, the Company determines that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is greater than its carrying amount, then the two-step goodwill impairment test is not performed.

 

If the two-step goodwill test is performed, the Company determines the existence of impairment by assessing the fair value of the applicable reporting unit, including goodwill, using expected future cash flows to be generated by the reporting unit. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss is recognized for any excess of the carrying amount of the reporting unit’s goodwill over the implied fair value of the goodwill. The implied fair value of goodwill is determined by allocating the fair value of the reporting unit in a manner similar to a purchase price allocation. The residual fair value after this allocation is the implied value of the reporting unit goodwill.

 

The Company completed its annual assessment for all reporting units with goodwill for fiscal 2014 and determined, after assessing the totality of the qualitative factors, that it is more likely than not that the fair value of each reporting unit is greater than its respective carrying amount. Accordingly there was no indication of impairment of goodwill for any of the Company’s reporting units and the two-step goodwill impairment test was not performed. The Company did not recognize any goodwill impairment losses in fiscal years 2014, 2013 or 2012.

 

Deferred Revenues

Deferred revenues represent amounts billed to clients in advance of services provided, primarily on fixed-price projects.

 

41
 

 

Income Taxes

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected tax consequences of temporary differences between the tax basis and the financial reporting basis of assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities from changes in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is recorded for deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. U.S. income taxes are provided on the earnings of foreign subsidiaries unless the subsidiaries’ earnings are considered permanently reinvested outside the U.S. An uncertain tax position is recognized if it is determined that it is more likely than not to be sustained upon examination. The tax position is measured as the largest amount of benefit that is greater than fifty percent likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement. The Company’s policy is to recognize interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as income tax expense. Accrued interest and penalties are insignificant at January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, accounts receivable, other assets and accounts payable. Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments are recorded at fair value. The carrying amount of the Company’s accounts receivable, other assets and accounts payable approximates their fair values due to their short maturities.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

Stock-based compensation is measured at the grant date based on the fair value of the award and is recognized as expense on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the entire award. The Company estimates the number of awards that are expected to vest and revises the estimate as actual forfeitures differ from that estimate. Estimated forfeiture rates are based on the Company’s historical experience.

 

Net Income Per Share

Basic per share amounts are computed using the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Dilutive per share amounts are computed using the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding and potentially dilutive securities, using the treasury stock method if their effect would be dilutive.

 

The following schedule reconciles the denominators of the Company’s calculation for basic and diluted net income per share:

 

   Fiscal Years 
(In thousands)  2014   2013   2012 
             
Shares used in basic per share computation   13,455    13,616    13,780 
                
Effect of dilutive common stock options outstanding   68    82    150 
                
Effect of unvested restricted stock units outstanding   310    327    363 
                
Shares used in diluted per share computation   13,833    14,025    14,293 

 

There were no equity awards excluded from the diluted per share calculation for the fiscal years ended January 2, 2015, January 3, 2014 and December 28, 2012.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

On May 28, 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. The ASU will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) when it becomes effective. The new standard is effective for the Company on the first day of fiscal 2017 (December 31, 2016) unless an extension of the effective date is granted by the FASB. Early application is not permitted. The standard permits the use of either the retrospective or cumulative effect transition method. The Company is evaluating the effect that ASU No. 2014-09 will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. The Company has not yet selected a transition method nor has it determined the effect of the standard on its ongoing financial reporting.

42
 

 

Note 2: Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments

 

Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments consisted of the following as of January 2, 2015:

 

   Amortized   Unrealized   Unrealized   Estimated 
(In thousands)  Cost   Gains   Losses   Fair Value 
                 
Classified as current assets:                    
Cash  $84,012   $-   $-   $84,012 
                     
Cash equivalents:                    
Money market securities   45,478    -    -    45,478 
Total cash equivalents   45,478    -    -    45,478 
Total cash and cash equivalents   129,490    -    -    129,490 
                     
Short-term investments:                    
State and municipal bonds   24,890    27    (4)   24,913 
Total short-term investments   24,890    27    (4)   24,913 
                     
Total cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments  $154,380   $27   $(4)  $154,403 

 

Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments consisted of the following as of January 3, 2014:

 

   Amortized   Unrealized   Unrealized   Estimated 
(In thousands)  Cost   Gains   Losses   Fair Value 
                 
Classified as current assets:                
Cash  $85,849   $-   $-   $85,849 
                     
Cash equivalents:                    
Money market securities   37,099    -    -    37,099 
Total cash equivalents   37,099    -    -    37,099 
Total cash and cash equivalents   122,948    -    -    122,948 
                     
Short-term investments:                    
State and municipal bonds   33,155    25    (9)   33,171 
Total short-term investments   33,155    25    (9)   33,171 
                     
Total cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments  $156,103   $25   $(9)  $156,119 

 

43
 

 

Note 3: Fair Value Measurements

 

The Company measures certain financial assets and liabilities at fair value on a recurring basis, including available-for-sale fixed income securities, trading fixed income and equity securities held in its deferred compensation plan and the liability associated with its deferred compensation plan. There have been no transfers between fair value measurement levels during the years ended January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014. Any transfers between fair value measurement levels would be recorded on the actual date of the event or change in circumstances that caused the transfer. The fair value of these certain financial assets and liabilities was determined using the following inputs at January 2, 2015 (in thousands):

 

   Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using 
   Total   Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
   Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Assets                    
Money market  securities (1)  $45,478   $45,478   $-   $- 
                     
Fixed income available for sale securities (2)   24,913    -    24,913    - 
                     
Fixed income trading securities held in deferred compensation plan (3)   9,672    9,672    -    - 
                     
Equity trading securities held in deferred compensation plan (3)   34,176    34,176    -    - 
                     
Total  $114,239   $89,326   $24,913   $- 
                     
Liabilities                    
Deferred compensation plan (4)   45,394    45,394    -    - 
                     
Total  $45,394   $45,394   $-   $- 

 

(1)Included in cash and cash equivalents on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.
(2)Included in short-term investments on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.
(3)Included in other current assets and deferred compensation plan assets on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.
(4)Included in accrued liabilities and deferred compensation on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.

 

44
 

 

The fair value of these certain financial assets and liabilities was determined using the following inputs at January 3, 2014 (in thousands):

 

   Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using 
   Total   Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
   Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Assets                    
Money market  securities (1)  $37,099   $37,099   $-   $- 
                     
Fixed income available for sale securities (2)   33,171    -    33,171    - 
                     
Fixed income trading securities held in deferred compensation plan (3)   9,535    9,535    -    - 
                     
Equity trading securities held in deferred compensation plan (3)   28,444    28,444    -    - 
                     
Total  $108,249   $75,078   $33,171   $- 
                     
Liabilities                    
Deferred compensation plan (4)   37,926    37,926    -    - 
                     
Total  $37,926   $37,926   $-   $- 

 

(1)Included in cash and cash equivalents on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.
(2)Included in short-term investments on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.
(3)Included in other current assets and deferred compensation plan assets on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.
(4)Included in accrued liabilities and deferred compensation on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.

 

Fixed income available-for-sale securities as of January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014 represent primarily obligations of state and local government agencies. Fixed income and equity trading securities represent mutual funds held in the Company’s deferred compensation plan. See Note 11 for additional information about the Company’s deferred compensation plan.

 

The following table summarizes the cost and estimated fair value of short-term fixed income securities classified as short-term investments based on remaining effective maturities as of January 2, 2015:

 

   Amortized   Estimated 
(In thousands)  Cost   Fair Value 
         
Due within one year  $20,719   $20,741 
Due between one and two years   4,171    4,172 
Total  $24,890   $24,913 

 

45
 

 

At January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014, the Company did not have any assets or liabilities valued using significant unobservable inputs.

 

The following financial instruments are not measured at fair value on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet at January 2, 2015, but require disclosure of their fair values: accounts receivable, other assets and accounts payable. The estimated fair value of such instruments at January 2, 2015 approximates their carrying value as reported on the consolidated balance sheet.

 

There were no other-than-temporary impairments or credit losses related to available-for-sale securities during the years ended January 2, 2015, January 3, 2014 and December 28, 2012.

 

Note 4: Property, Equipment and Leasehold Improvements

 

   Fiscal Years 
(In thousands)  2014   2013 
         
Property:          
Land  $4,450   $4,450 
Buildings   35,570    34,928 
Construction in progress   12    51 
Equipment:          
Machinery and equipment   35,131    32,046 
Office furniture and equipment   7,714    7,542 
Leasehold improvements   13,169    12,745 
    96,046    91,762 
           
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization   67,782    63,041 
           
Property, equipment and leasehold improvements, net  $28,264   $28,721 

 

Depreciation and amortization for the fiscal years ended January 2, 2015, January 3, 2014 and December 28, 2012, was $5,404,000, $4,951,000 and $4,711,000, respectively.

 

Note 5: Goodwill

 

Below is a breakdown of goodwill, reported by segment as of January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014:

 

   Environmental   Engineering and    
(In thousands)  and Health   Other Scientific  Total 
              
Goodwill  $8,099   $508  $8,607 

 

There were no changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for the fiscal years ended January 2, 2015, January 3, 2014 and December 28, 2012. There were no goodwill impairments or gains or losses on disposals for any portion of the Company’s reporting units during the fiscal years ended January 2, 2015, January 3, 2014 and December 28, 2012.

 

46
 

 

Note 6: Other Significant Balance Sheet Components

 

Account receivable, net

 

   Fiscal Years 
(In thousands)  2014   2013 
         
Billed accounts receivable  $63,331   $52,674 
Unbilled accounts receivable   26,423    27,077 
Allowance for contract losses and doubtful accounts   (3,386)   (2,771)
Total accounts receivable, net  $86,368   $76,980 

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

   Fiscal Years 
(In thousands)  2014   2013 
         
Accounts payable  $2,230   $2,798 
Accrued liabilities   6,705    5,644 
Total accounts payable and other accrued liabilities  $8,935   $8,442 

 

Accrued payroll and employee benefits

 

   Fiscal Years 
(In thousands)  2014   2013 
         
Accrued bonuses payable  $37,010   $35,370 
Accrued 401(k) contributions   6,887    6,976 
Accrued vacation   8,277    8,004 
Deferred compensation   7,648    4,478 
Other accrued payroll and employee benefits   2,362    2,106 
Total accrued payroll and employee benefits  $62,184   $56,934 

 

Other accrued payroll and employee benefits consist primarily of accrued wages, payroll taxes and disability insurance programs.

 

Note 7: Income Taxes

 

Income before income taxes includes income from foreign operations of $4,157,000, $6,007,000 and $3,423,000 for fiscal 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

 

Total income tax expense for the fiscal years ended January 2, 2015, January 3, 2014 and December 28, 2012 consisted of the following:

 

   Fiscal Years 
(In thousands)  2014   2013   2012 
                
Current               
Federal  $26,647   $22,468   $23,562 
Foreign   896    1,411    852 
State   5,798    4,824    4,304 
    33,341    28,703    28,718 
Deferred               
Federal   (5,059)   (2,703)   (3,378)
State   (1,018)   (695)   (816)
    (6,077)   (3,398)   (4,194)
Total  $27,264   $25,305   $24,524 

 

The Company’s effective tax rate differs from the statutory federal tax rate of 35% as shown in the following schedule:

 

   Fiscal Years 
(In thousands)  2014   2013   2012 
             
Tax at federal statutory rate  $23,788   $22,381   $21,612 
State taxes, net of federal benefit   3,226    2,819    2,409 
Tax exempt interest income   (44)   (36)   (104)
Non-deductible expenses   289    226    296 
Non-deductible stock-based compensation   -    (79)   (40)
Other   5    (6)   351 
Tax expense  $27,264   $25,305   $24,524 
                
Effective tax rate   40.1%   39.6%   39.7%

 

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The tax effects of temporary differences that give rise to significant portions of the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities at January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014 are presented in the following schedule:

 

   Fiscal Years 
(In thousands)  2014   2013 
         
Deferred tax assets:          
Accrued liabilities and allowances  $17,244   $15,539 
Deferred compensation   26,873    22,373 
Other   28    - 
Total deferred tax assets   44,145    37,912 
           
Deferred tax liabilities:          
State taxes   (1,717)   (1,519)
Deductible goodwill   (2,978)   (2,925)
Property, equipment and leasehold improvements   (459)   (622)
Unrealized gain of deferred compensation plan assets   (3,377)   (3,215)
Other   -    (394)
Total deferred tax liabilities   (8,531)   (8,675)
Net deferred tax assets  $35,614   $29,237 

 

Management believes it is more likely than not that the results of future operations will generate sufficient taxable income to realize the net deferred tax assets.

 

The Company is entitled to a deduction for federal and state tax purposes with respect to employees’ stock award activity. The net deduction in taxes otherwise payable arising from that deduction has been credited to additional paid-in capital. For the fiscal years ended January 2, 2015, January 3, 2014 and December 28, 2012, the net deduction in tax payable arising from employees’ stock award activity was $5,100,000, $4,267,000 and $3,948,000, respectively.

 

The Company and its subsidiaries file income tax returns in the United States federal jurisdiction, California and various other state and foreign jurisdictions. The Company is no longer subject to United States federal income tax examination for years prior to 2011. The Company is no longer subject to California franchise tax examinations for years prior to 2010. With few exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to state and local or non-United States income tax examination by tax authorities for years prior to 2010.

 

A reconciliation of the beginning and ending amount of unrecognized tax benefits is as follows:

 

Balance at December 28, 2012  $908,000 
Additions based on tax positions related to the current year   316,000 
Additions for tax positions of prior years   - 
Reductions due to lapse of statute of limitations   (77,000)
Reductions due to change in accounting method   - 
Settlements   - 
      
Balance at January 3, 2014  $1,147,000 
Additions based on tax positions related to the current year   486,000 
Additions for tax positions of prior years   - 
Reductions due to lapse of statute of limitations   (87,000)
Reductions due to change in accounting method   - 
Settlements   - 
      
Balance at January 2, 2015  $1,546,000 

 

Unrecognized tax benefits are included in other liabilities in the accompanying balance sheet. To the extent these unrecognized tax benefits are ultimately recognized, they will impact the effective tax rate in a future period. There are no uncertain tax positions whose resolution in the next 12 months is expected to materially affect operating results.

 

Deferred income taxes have not been provided on the undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries. The amount of such earnings at January 2, 2015 was $3,920,000. These earnings have been permanently reinvested and the Company does not plan to initiate any action that would precipitate the payment of income taxes thereon. The unrecognized deferred tax liability for these earnings is estimated to be approximately $313,000.

 

Note 8: Stockholders’ Equity

 

Preferred Stock

The Company has authorized 5,000,000 shares of undesignated preferred stock with a par value of $0.001 per share. The Company committed to stockholders in a letter dated May 23, 2006 to limit its use to 2,000,000 preferred shares, unless the approval of the Company’s stockholders is obtained subsequently, such as through a further amendment to the Company’s authorized capital stock. None of the preferred shares were issued and outstanding at January 2, 2015 and January 3, 2014.

 

48
 

 

Dividends

The Company declared and paid cash dividends per common share during the periods presented as follows:

 

   Fiscal Year 2014 
   Dividends   Amount 
   Per Share   (in thousands) 
First Quarter  $0.25   $3,262 
Second Quarter  $0.25    3,270 
Third Quarter  $0.25    3,262 
Fourth Quarter  $0.25    3,216 
        $13,010 

 

   Fiscal Year 2013 
   Dividends   Amount 
   Per Share   (in thousands) 
First Quarter  $0.15   $1,969 
Second Quarter  $0.15    1,998 
Third Quarter  $0.15    1,945 
Fourth Quarter  $0.15    1,965 
        $7,877