10-K 1 publix-q4x12282013.htm 10-K Publix - Q4 - 12.28.2013
 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 28, 2013
Commission File Number 0-00981
PUBLIX SUPER MARKETS, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Florida
 
59-0324412
(State of Incorporation)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
3300 Publix Corporate Parkway
 
 
Lakeland, Florida
 
33811
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (863) 688-1188
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: Common Stock $1.00 Par Value
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.      
Yes                No    X  
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.      
Yes                No    X  
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.      Yes    X               No        
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months.
Yes    X              No        
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. (X)
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer        
  
Accelerated filer        
  
Non-accelerated filer    X  
  
Smaller reporting company        
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).
Yes               No    X  
The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant was approximately $10,288,030,000 as of June 28, 2013, the last trading day of the Registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter.
The number of shares of the Registrant’s common stock outstanding as of February 4, 2014 was 775,582,000.
Documents Incorporated By Reference
The information required by Part III of this report, to the extent not set forth herein, is incorporated by reference from the Proxy Statement solicited for the 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on April 15, 2014.

 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
Item 1A.
 
Item 1B.
 
Item 2.
 
Item 3.
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
Item 6.
 
Item 7.
 
Item 7A.
 
 
 
Item 8.
 
Item 9.
 
Item 9A.
 
Item 9B.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 10.
 
Item 11.
 
Item 12.
Item 13.
 
Item 14.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 15.
 



PART I
Item 1. Business
Publix Super Markets, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries (the Company) are in the primary business of operating retail food supermarkets in Florida, Georgia, Alabama, South Carolina and Tennessee. The Company will expand its retail operations into North Carolina in 2014. The Company was founded in 1930 and later merged into another corporation that was originally incorporated in 1921. The Company has no other significant lines of business or industry segments.
Merchandising and manufacturing
The Company sells grocery (including dairy, produce, deli, bakery, meat and seafood), health and beauty care, general merchandise, pharmacy, floral and other products and services. The percentage of consolidated sales by merchandise category for 2013, 2012 and 2011 was as follows:
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
Grocery
 
85
%
 
85
%
 
86
%
Other
 
15
%
 
15
%
 
14
%
 
 
100
%
 
100
%
 
100
%
The Company’s lines of merchandise include a variety of nationally advertised and private-label brands as well as unbranded merchandise such as produce, meat and seafood. The Company receives the food and non-food products it distributes from many sources. These products are delivered to the supermarkets through Company distribution centers or directly from the suppliers and are generally available in sufficient quantities to enable the Company to adequately satisfy its customers. Approximately 74% of the total cost of products purchased is delivered to the supermarkets through the Company’s distribution centers. The Company believes that its sources of supply of these products and raw materials used in manufacturing are adequate for its needs and that it is not dependent upon a single supplier or relatively few suppliers. Private-label items are produced in the Company’s dairy, bakery and deli manufacturing facilities or are manufactured for the Company by outside suppliers.
The Company has experienced no significant changes in the kinds of products sold or in its methods of distribution since the beginning of the fiscal year.
Store operations
The Company operated 1,079 supermarkets at the end of 2013, compared with 1,069 at the beginning of the year. In 2013, 22 supermarkets were opened (including seven replacement supermarkets) and 109 supermarkets were remodeled. Twelve supermarkets were closed during the period. The replacement supermarkets opened in 2013 replaced seven of the supermarkets closed during the same period. Four of the remaining supermarkets closed in 2013 will be replaced on site in subsequent periods and one supermarket will not be replaced. New supermarkets added 0.5 million square feet in 2013, an increase of 1.0%. At the end of 2013, the Company had 759 supermarkets located in Florida, 181 in Georgia, 55 in Alabama, 48 in South Carolina and 36 in Tennessee. Also, as of year end, the Company had five supermarkets under construction in Florida, two each in North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee and one in Alabama.
Competition
The Company is engaged in the highly competitive retail food industry. Competition is based primarily on quality of goods and service, price, convenience, product mix and store location. The Company’s primary competition throughout its market areas is with several national and regional supermarket chains, independent supermarkets, supercenters, membership warehouse clubs, mass merchandisers, dollar stores, drug stores, specialty food stores, restaurants and convenience stores. The Company anticipates continued competitor format innovation and location additions in 2014.
Working capital
The Company’s working capital at the end of 2013 consisted of $3,260.1 million in current assets and $2,378.9 million in current liabilities. Normal operating fluctuations in these balances can result in changes to cash flows from operating activities presented in the consolidated statements of cash flows that are not necessarily indicative of long-term operating trends. There are no unusual industry practices or requirements relating to working capital items.
Seasonality
The historical influx of winter residents to Florida and increased purchases of products during the traditional Thanksgiving, Christmas and Easter holidays typically result in seasonal sales increases between November and April of each year.


1


Employees
The Company had 166,000 full-time and part-time employees at the end of 2013. The Company considers its employee relations to be good.
Intellectual property
The Company’s trademarks, trade names, copyrights and similar intellectual property are important to the success of the Company’s business. Numerous trademarks, including “Publix” and “Where Shopping is a Pleasure,” have been registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Due to the importance of its intellectual property to its business, the Company actively defends and enforces its rights to such property.
Environmental matters
Compliance by the Company with federal, state and local environmental protection laws and regulations during 2013 had no material effect upon capital expenditures, results of operations or the competitive position of the Company.
Company information
This Annual Report on Form 10-K and the 2014 Proxy Statement will be mailed on or about March 13, 2014 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on February 4, 2014. These reports as well as Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to those reports may also be obtained electronically, free of charge, through the Company’s website at www.publix.com/stock.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
In addition to the other information contained in this Form 10-K, the following risk factors should be considered carefully in evaluating the Company’s business. The Company’s financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected by any of these risks.
Increased competition and low profit margins could adversely affect the Company.
The retail food industry in which the Company operates is highly competitive with low profit margins. The Company’s competitors include national and regional supermarket chains, independent supermarkets, supercenters, membership warehouse clubs, mass merchandisers, dollar stores, drug stores, specialty food stores, restaurants and convenience stores. The Company’s ability to attract and retain customers is based primarily on quality of goods and service, price, convenience, product mix and store location. The Company believes it will face increased competition in the future from all of these competitors and its financial condition and results of operations could be impacted by the pricing, purchasing, advertising or promotional decisions made by its competitors.
General economic and other conditions that impact consumer spending could adversely affect the Company.
The Company’s results of operations are sensitive to changes in general economic conditions that impact consumer spending. Adverse economic conditions, including high unemployment, home foreclosures and weakness in the housing market, declines in the stock market and the instability of the credit markets, could cause a reduction in consumer spending. Other conditions that could also affect disposable consumer income include increases in tax rates, increases in fuel and energy costs, increases in health care costs, the impact of natural disasters or acts of terrorism, and other factors. This reduction in the level of consumer spending could cause customers to purchase lower-margin items or to shift spending to lower-priced competitors, which could adversely affect the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.
Increased operating costs could adversely affect the Company.
The Company’s operations tend to be more labor intensive than some of its competitors due to the additional customer service offered in its supermarkets. Consequently, uncertain labor markets, government mandated increases in the minimum wage or other benefits, an increased proportion of full-time employees, increased costs of health care due to health insurance reform or other factors could result in an increase in labor costs. In addition, the inability to improve or manage operating costs, such as payroll, facilities, or other non-product related costs, could adversely affect the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.
Failure to execute on the Company’s core strategies could adversely affect the Company.
The Company’s core strategies focus on customer service, product quality, shopping environment, competitive pricing and convenient locations. The Company has implemented several strategic business and technology initiatives as part of the execution of these core strategies. The Company believes these core strategies and related strategic initiatives differentiate it from its competition and present opportunities for increased market share and sustained financial growth. Failure to execute on these core strategies, or a failure to execute the core strategies on a cost effective basis, could adversely affect the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.


2


Failure to identify and obtain or retain suitable supermarket sites could adversely affect the Company.
The Company’s ability to obtain sites for new supermarkets and, to a lesser extent, acquire existing supermarket locations is dependent on identifying and entering into lease or purchase agreements on commercially reasonable terms for properties that are suitable for its needs. If the Company fails to identify suitable sites and enter into lease or purchase agreements on a timely basis for any reason, including competition from other companies seeking similar sites, the Company’s growth could be adversely affected because it may be unable to open new supermarkets as anticipated. Similarly, its business could be adversely affected if it is unable to renew the leases on its supermarkets on commercially reasonable terms.
Disruptions in information technology systems or a security breach could adversely affect the Company.
The Company is dependent on complex information technology systems to operate its business, enhance customer service, improve the efficiency of its supply chain and increase employee efficiency. The Company’s information technology systems are subject to damage or interruption from power outages, computer and telecommunications failures, computer viruses, security breaches, catastrophic events and user errors. The Company’s information technology systems are also subject to security breaches, including cyber security breaches and breaches of transaction processing, that could result in the compromise of confidential customer data, including debit and credit cardholder data. Any disruptions in information technology systems or a security breach could have an adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.
Unexpected changes in the insurance market or factors affecting self-insurance reserve estimates could adversely affect the Company.
The Company uses a combination of insurance coverage and self-insurance to provide for potential liability for workers’ compensation, general liability, fleet liability, employee benefits and directors and officers liability. The Company is self insured for property, plant and equipment losses. There is no assurance that the Company will be able to continue to maintain its insurance coverage or obtain comparable insurance coverage at a reasonable cost. Self-insurance reserves are determined based on actual claims experience and an estimate of claims incurred but not reported including, where necessary, actuarial studies. Actuarial projections of losses are subject to variability caused by, but not limited to, such factors as future interest and inflation rates, future economic conditions, litigation trends and benefit level changes. The Company’s financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected by an increase in the frequency or costs of claims and changes in actuarial assumptions or a catastrophic event involving property, plant and equipment losses.
Product liability claims, product recalls and the resulting unfavorable publicity could adversely affect the Company.
The packaging, marketing, distribution and sale of grocery, drug and other products purchased from suppliers or manufactured by the Company entails an inherent risk of product liability claims, product recall and the resulting adverse publicity. Such products may contain contaminants that may be inadvertently distributed by the Company. These contaminants may, in certain cases, result in illness, injury or death if processing at the consumer level, if applicable, does not eliminate the contaminants. Even an inadvertent shipment of adulterated products is a violation of law and may lead to a product recall and/or an increased risk of exposure to product liability claims. There can be no assurance that such claims will not be asserted against the Company or that the Company will not be obligated to perform product recalls in the future. If a product liability claim is successful, the Company’s insurance coverage may not be adequate to pay all liabilities and it may not be able to continue to maintain such insurance coverage or obtain comparable insurance coverage at a reasonable cost. If the Company does not have adequate insurance coverage or contractual indemnification available, product liability claims relating to defective products could have an adverse effect on the Company’s ability to successfully market its products and on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations. In addition, even if a product liability claim is not successful or is not fully pursued, the adverse publicity surrounding any assertion that the Company’s products caused illness or injury could have an adverse effect on the Company’s reputation with existing and potential customers and on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.
Unfavorable changes in, failure to comply with or increased costs to comply with environmental laws and regulations could adversely affect the Company.
The Company is subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations that govern activities that may have adverse environmental effects and impose liabilities for the costs of contamination cleanup and damages arising from sites of past spills, disposals or other releases of hazardous materials. Under current environmental laws, the Company may be held responsible for the remediation of environmental conditions regardless of whether the Company leases, subleases or owns the supermarkets or other facilities and regardless of whether such environmental conditions were created by the Company or a prior owner or tenant. The costs of investigation, remediation or removal of environmental conditions may be substantial. In addition, the increased focus on climate change, waste management and other environmental issues may result in new environmental laws or regulations that negatively affect the Company directly or indirectly through increased costs on its suppliers. There can be no assurance that environmental conditions relating to prior, existing or future sites or other environmental changes will not adversely affect the Company’s financial condition and results of operations through, for instance, business interruption, cost of remediation or adverse publicity.



3


Unfavorable changes in, failure to comply with or increased costs to comply with laws and regulations could adversely affect the Company.
In addition to environmental laws and regulations, the Company is subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to, among other things, product labeling and safety, zoning, land use, workplace safety, public health, accessibility and restrictions on the sale of various products including alcoholic beverages, tobacco and drugs. The Company is also subject to laws governing its relationship with employees, including minimum wage requirements, overtime, labor, working conditions, disabled access and work permit requirements. Compliance with, or changes in, these laws, as well as passage of new laws and the inability to deal with increased government regulation, could adversely affect the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.
Unfavorable results of legal proceedings could adversely affect the Company.
        The Company is subject from time to time to various lawsuits, claims and charges arising in the normal course of business including employment, personal injury, commercial and other matters. Some lawsuits also contain class action allegations. The Company estimates its exposure to these legal proceedings and establishes reserves for the estimated liabilities. Assessing and predicting the outcome of these matters involves substantial uncertainties. Although not currently anticipated by the Company, material differences in actual outcomes or changes in the Company’s evaluation could arise that could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition or results of operations.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
None
Item 2. Properties
At year end, the Company operated approximately 50.3 million square feet of supermarket space. The Company’s supermarkets vary in size. Current supermarket prototypes range from 28,000 to 61,000 square feet. Supermarkets are often located in strip shopping centers where the Company is the anchor tenant. The majority of the Company’s supermarkets are leased. Substantially all of these leases will expire during the next 20 years. However, in the normal course of business, it is expected that the leases will be renewed or replaced by new leases. Both the building and land are owned at 143 locations. The building is owned while the land is leased at 53 other locations.
The Company supplies its supermarkets from eight primary distribution centers located in Lakeland, Miami, Jacksonville, Sarasota, Orlando, Deerfield Beach and Boynton Beach, Florida and Lawrenceville, Georgia. The Company operates six manufacturing facilities including three dairy plants located in Lakeland and Deerfield Beach, Florida and Lawrenceville, Georgia, two bakery plants located in Lakeland, Florida and Atlanta, Georgia and a deli plant located in Lakeland, Florida.
The Company’s corporate offices, primary distribution centers and manufacturing facilities are owned with no outstanding debt. The Company’s properties are well maintained, in good operating condition and suitable and adequate for operating its business.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
The Company is subject from time to time to various lawsuits, claims and charges arising in the normal course of business. The Company believes its recorded reserves are adequate in light of the probable and estimable liabilities. The estimated amount of reasonably possible losses for lawsuits, claims and charges, individually and in the aggregate, is considered to be immaterial. In the opinion of management, the ultimate resolution of these legal proceedings will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.


4


Name
 
Age
 
Business Experience During Last Five Years
 
Served as
Officer of
Company
Since
Executive Officers of the Company
John A. Attaway, Jr.
 
55
 
Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of the Company.
 
2000
Hoyt R. Barnett
 
70
 
Vice Chairman of the Company and Trustee of the Employee Stock Ownership Plan.
 
1977
David E. Bornmann
 
56
 
Vice President of the Company to March 2013, Senior Vice President thereafter.
 
1998
William E. Crenshaw
 
63
 
Chief Executive Officer of the Company.
 
1990
Laurie Z. Douglas
 
50
 
Senior Vice President and Chief Information Officer of the Company.
 
2006
John T. Hrabusa
 
58
 
Senior Vice President of the Company.
 
2004
Randall T. Jones, Sr.
 
51
 
President of the Company.
 
2003
David P. Phillips
 
54
 
Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of the Company.
 
1990
Michael R. Smith
 
54
 
Vice President of the Company to March 2013, Senior Vice President thereafter.
 
2005
Officers of the Company
David E. Bridges
 
64
 
Vice President of the Company.
 
2000
Scott E. Brubaker
 
55
 
Vice President of the Company.
 
2005
Jeffrey G. Chamberlain
 
57
 
Director of Real Estate Strategy of the Company to January 2011,
Vice President thereafter.
 
2011
Joseph DiBenedetto, Jr.
 
54
 
Regional Director of Retail Operations of the Company to
January 2011, Vice President thereafter.
 
2011
G. Gino DiGrazia
 
51
 
Vice President of the Company.
 
2002
David S. Duncan
 
60
 
Vice President of the Company.
 
1999
Sandra J. Estep
 
54
 
Vice President of the Company.
 
2002
William V. Fauerbach
 
67
 
Vice President of the Company.
 
1997
Linda S. Hall
 
54
 
Vice President of the Company.
 
2002
Mark R. Irby
 
58
 
Vice President of the Company.
 
1989
Linda S. Kane
 
48
 
Vice President and Assistant Secretary of the Company.
 
2000
Erik J. Katenkamp
 
42
 
Director of Information Systems of the Company to January 2013,
Vice President thereafter.
 
2013
L. Renee Kelly
 
52
 
Director of Information Systems of the Company to January 2013,
Vice President thereafter.
 
2013
Thomas M. McLaughlin
 
63
 
Vice President of the Company.
 
1994
Peter M. Mowitt

 
54
 
Director of Grocery Business Development of the Company
to March 2013, Vice President thereafter.
 
2013
Dale S. Myers
 
61
 
Vice President of the Company.
 
2001
Alfred J. Ottolino
 
48
 
Vice President of the Company.
 
2004
Charles B. Roskovich, Jr.
 
52
 
Vice President of the Company to January 2011, Senior Vice President to January 2013, Vice President thereafter.
 
2008
Marc H. Salm
 
53
 
Vice President of the Company.
 
2008
Richard J. Schuler II
 
58
 
Vice President of the Company.
 
2000
Alison Midili Smith
 
43
 
Director of Human Resources of the Company to January 2013,
Vice President thereafter.
 
2013
Jeffrey D. Stephens
 
58
 
Director of Fresh Product Manufacturing of the Company to September 2010, Director of Manufacturing Operations to March 2013, Vice President thereafter.
 
2013
Steven B. Wellslager
 
47
 
Director of Information Systems of the Company to January 2013,
Vice President thereafter.
 
2013
The retirements of William V. Fauerbach and Richard J. Schuler II are effective March 31, 2014 and May 2, 2014, respectively.
The terms of all officers expire in May 2014 or upon the election of their successors.


5


PART II
Item 5. Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity
Securities
(a)
Market Information
The Company’s common stock is not traded on an established securities market. Therefore, substantially all transactions of the Company’s common stock have been among the Company, its employees, former employees, their families and the benefit plans established for the Company’s employees. The Company’s common stock is made available for sale only to the Company’s current employees through the Company’s Employee Stock Purchase Plan (ESPP) and to participants of the Company’s 401(k) Plan. In addition, common stock is made available under the Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP). Common stock is also made available for sale to members of the Company’s Board of Directors through the Non-Employee Directors Stock Purchase Plan (Directors Plan). The Company currently repurchases common stock subject to certain terms and conditions. The ESPP, 401(k) Plan, ESOP and Directors Plan each contain provisions prohibiting any transfer for value without the owner first offering the common stock to the Company. The Company serves as the registrar and stock transfer agent for its common stock.
Because there is no trading of the Company’s common stock on an established securities market, the market price of the Company’s common stock is determined by its Board of Directors. As part of the process to determine the stock value, an independent valuation is obtained. The process includes comparing the Company’s financial results to those of comparable companies that are publicly traded (comparable publicly traded companies). The purpose of the process is to determine a value for the Company’s common stock that is comparable to the stock value of comparable publicly traded companies by considering both the results of the stock market and the relative financial results of comparable publicly traded companies. The market prices for the Company’s common stock for 2013 and 2012 were as follows:
 
 
2013
 
2012
January - February
 
$
22.50

 
20.20

March - April
 
23.20

 
22.40

May - July
 
26.90

 
22.70

August - October
 
27.55

 
22.00

November - December
 
30.00

 
22.50

(b)
Approximate Number of Equity Security Holders
As of February 4, 2014, the approximate number of holders of the Company’s common stock was 161,000.
(c)
Dividends
On June 3, 2013 and December 2, 2013, the Company paid semi-annual dividends on its common stock of $0.35 per share totaling $547.3 million for the year to stockholders of record as of the close of business April 30, 2013 and October 31, 2013, respectively. On June 1, 2012, the Company paid an annual dividend on its common stock of $0.59 per share or $464.6 million. Due to the growth of the Company's dividend over the last several years, the Company decided in 2012 to begin paying a semi-annual dividend rather than an annual dividend. To not delay any dividend payments to the Company's stockholders, the first semi-annual dividend of $0.30 per share or $234.1 million was paid on December 3, 2012. Payment of dividends is within the discretion of the Company's Board of Directors and depends on, among other factors, net earnings, capital requirements and the financial condition of the Company. It is believed that comparable dividends will be paid in the future.


6


(d)
Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Shares of common stock repurchased by the Company during the three months ended December 28, 2013 were as follows (amounts are in thousands, except per share amounts): 
Period
 
Total Number of Shares Purchased
 
Average Price Paid per Share
 
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs (1)
 
Approximate Dollar Value of Shares That May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs (1)
September 29, 2013
through
November 2, 2013
 
 
381

 
 
 
$
27.62

 
 
N/A
 
N/A
November 3, 2013
through
November 30, 2013
 
 
2,246

 
 
 
30.00

 
 
N/A
 
N/A
December 1, 2013
through
December 28, 2013
 
 
1,442

 
 
 
30.00

 
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
 
Total
 
 
4,069

 
 
 
$
29.78

 
 
N/A
 
N/A























____________________________
(1)
Common stock is made available for sale only to the Company’s current employees through the Company’s ESPP and to participants of the Company’s 401(k) Plan. In addition, common stock is made available under the ESOP. Common stock is also made available for sale to members of the Company’s Board of Directors through the Directors Plan. The Company currently repurchases common stock subject to certain terms and conditions. The ESPP, 401(k) Plan, ESOP and Directors Plan each contain provisions prohibiting any transfer for value without the owner first offering the common stock to the Company.
The Company’s common stock is not traded on an established securities market. The amount of common stock offered to the Company for repurchase is not within the control of the Company, but is at the discretion of the stockholders. The Company does not believe that these repurchases of its common stock are within the scope of a publicly announced plan or program (although the terms of the plans discussed above have been communicated to the participants). Thus, the Company does not believe that it has made any repurchases during the three months ended December 28, 2013 required to be disclosed in the last two columns of the table.


7


(e)
Performance Graph
The following performance graph sets forth the Company’s cumulative total stockholder return during the five years ended December 28, 2013, compared to the cumulative total return on the S&P 500 Index and a custom Peer Group Index including retail food supermarket companies.(1) The Peer Group Index is weighted based on the various companies’ market capitalization. The comparison assumes $100 was invested at the end of 2008 in the Company’s common stock and in each of the related indices and assumes reinvestment of dividends.
The Company’s common stock is valued as of the end of each fiscal quarter. After the end of a quarter, however, shares continue to be traded at the prior valuation until the new valuation is received. The cumulative total return for the companies represented in the S&P 500 Index and the custom Peer Group Index is based on those companies’ calendar year end trading price. The following performance graph is based on the Company’s trading price at fiscal year end based on its market price as of the prior fiscal quarter. Due to the timing of the filing of this document with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), a performance graph based on the fiscal year end valuation (market price as of March 1, 2014) is not presented below. Rather, for comparative purposes, a performance graph based on the fiscal year end valuation is provided in the 2014 Proxy Statement.
Comparison of Five-Year Cumulative Return Based Upon Year End Trading Price
 
 
2008
 
2009
 
2010
 
2011
 
2012
 
2013
 
l
Publix
$100.00
 
93.46
 
116.65
 
121.61
 
140.78
 
192.34
 
p
S&P 500
100.00
 
132.21
 
150.48
 
153.77
 
175.41
 
235.25
 
n
Peer Group (1)
100.00
 
100.32
 
101.61
 
104.36
 
99.78
 
155.54
 




___________________________
(1)Companies included in the Peer Group are Ahold, Delhaize Group, Kroger, Safeway, Supervalu and Weis Markets.


8


Item 6.   Selected Financial Data
 
 
2013
2012
 
   2011(1)
2010
2009
 
 
(Amounts are in thousands, except per share  amounts and number of supermarkets)
 
 
 
Sales:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales
 
$
28,917,439
 
27,484,766
 
 
26,967,389
 
25,134,054
 
24,319,716
 
Percent change
 
5.2
%
 
 
1.9
%
 
 
 
7.3
%
 
 
3.3
%
 
 
1.6%
 
Comparable store sales percent change
 
3.6
%
 
 
2.2
%
 
 
 
4.1
%
 
 
2.3
%
 
 
(3.2%)
 
Earnings:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross profit (2)
 
$
7,980,120
 
7,573,782
 
 
7,447,019
 
7,022,611
 
6,727,037
 
Earnings before income tax expense
 
$
2,465,689
 
2,302,594
 
 
2,261,773
 
2,039,418
 
1,774,714
 
Net earnings
 
$
1,653,954
 
1,552,255
 
 
1,491,966
 
1,338,147
 
1,161,442
 
Net earnings as a percent of sales
 
5.7
%
 
 
5.6
%
 
 
 
5.5
%
 
 
5.3
%
 
 
4.8
%
 
 
Common stock:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding
 
780,188
 
782,553
 
 
784,815
 
786,378
 
788,835
 
Basic and diluted earnings per share
 
$
2.12
 
1.98
 
 
1.90
 
1.70
 
1.47
 
Dividends per share
 
$
0.70
 
0.89 (3)
0.53
 
0.46
 
0.41
 
Financial data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
 
$
668,485
 
697,112
 
 
602,952
 
468,530
 
693,489
 
Working capital
 
$
881,222
 
928,138
 
 
752,464
 
771,918
 
469,260
 
Current ratio
 
1.37
 
1.42
 
 
1.37
 
1.37
 
1.24
 
Total assets
 
$
13,546,641
 
12,278,320
 
 
11,268,232
 
10,159,087
 
9,004,292
 
Long-term debt (including current portion)
 
$
162,154
 
158,472
 
 
134,584
 
149,361
 
99,326
 
Common stock related to ESOP
 
$
2,322,903
 
2,272,963
 
 
2,137,217
 
2,016,696
 
1,862,350
 
Total equity
 
$
10,267,796
 
9,128,818
 
 
8,341,457
 
7,305,592
 
6,303,538
 
Supermarkets
 
1,079
 
1,069
 
 
1,046
 
1,034
 
1,014
 
















____________________________
(1)
Fiscal year 2011 includes 53 weeks. All other years include 52 weeks.
(2)
Gross profit represents sales less cost of merchandise sold as reported in the consolidated statements of earnings.
(3)
The Company paid dividends on its common stock of $0.89 per share in 2012, which included an annual dividend of $0.59 per share paid in June 2012 and a semi-annual dividend of $0.30 per share paid in December 2012.


9


Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Overview
The Company is primarily engaged in the retail food industry, operating supermarkets in Florida, Georgia, Alabama, South Carolina and Tennessee. The Company will expand its retail operations into North Carolina in 2014. The Company has no other significant lines of business or industry segments. As of December 28, 2013, the Company operated 1,079 supermarkets including 759 located in Florida, 181 in Georgia, 55 in Alabama, 48 in South Carolina and 36 in Tennessee. In 2013, 22 supermarkets were opened (including seven replacement supermarkets) and 109 supermarkets were remodeled. Twelve supermarkets were closed during the period. The Company opened 13 supermarkets in Florida, three in Alabama, three in Tennessee, two in Georgia and one in South Carolina during 2013. The replacement supermarkets opened in 2013 replaced seven of the supermarkets closed during the same period. Four of the remaining supermarkets closed in 2013 will be replaced on site in subsequent periods and one supermarket will not be replaced.
The Company’s revenues are earned and cash is generated as merchandise is sold to customers. Income is earned by selling merchandise at price levels that produce sales revenues in excess of the cost of merchandise sold and operating and administrative expenses. The Company has generally been able to increase revenues and net earnings from year to year. Further, the Company has been able to meet its cash requirements from internally generated funds without the need to generate cash through debt financing. The Company’s year end cash balances are significantly impacted by capital expenditures, investment transactions, stock repurchases and dividend payments.
The Company sells a variety of merchandise to generate revenues. This merchandise includes grocery (including dairy, produce, deli, bakery, meat and seafood), health and beauty care, general merchandise and other products and services. Most of the Company’s supermarkets also have pharmacy and floral departments. Merchandise includes a mix of nationally advertised and private-label brands as well as unbranded merchandise such as produce, meat and seafood. The Company’s private-label brands play an increasingly important role in its merchandising strategy.
Operating Environment
The Company is engaged in the highly competitive retail food industry. Competition is based primarily on quality of goods and service, price, convenience, product mix and store location. In addition, the Company competes with other retailers for additional retail site locations. The Company competes with retailers as well as other labor market competitors in attracting and retaining quality employees. The Company’s primary competition throughout its market areas is with several national and regional traditional supermarket chains, independent supermarkets and specialty food stores as well as non-traditional competition such as supercenters, membership warehouse clubs, mass merchandisers, dollar stores, drug stores, restaurants and convenience stores. As a result of the highly competitive environment, traditional supermarkets, including the Company, face business challenges. There has been a trend in recent years for traditional supermarkets to lose market share to non-traditional competition. The success of the Company, in particular its ability to retain its customers, depends on its ability to meet the business challenges created by this competitive environment.
In order to meet the competitive challenges facing the Company, management continues to focus on the Company’s core strategies, including customer service, product quality, shopping environment, competitive pricing and convenient locations. The Company has implemented several strategic business and technology initiatives as part of the execution of these core strategies. The Company believes these core strategies and related strategic initiatives differentiate it from its competition and present opportunities for increased market share and sustained financial growth.
Results of Operations
The Company’s fiscal year ends on the last Saturday in December. Fiscal years 2013 and 2012 include 52 weeks. Fiscal year 2011 includes 53 weeks.
Sales
Sales for 2013 were $28.9 billion as compared with $27.5 billion in 2012, an increase of $1,432.7 million or 5.2%. The Company estimates that its sales increased $443.2 million or 1.6% from new supermarkets (excluding replacement supermarkets) and $989.5 million or 3.6% from comparable store sales (supermarkets open for the same weeks in both periods, including replacement supermarkets). Sales for supermarkets that are replaced on site are classified as new supermarket sales since the replacement period for the supermarket is generally 9 to 12 months. Comparable store sales for 2013 increased primarily due to product cost inflation and increased customer counts resulting from a better economic climate.
Sales for 2012 were $27.5 billion as compared with $27.0 billion in 2011, an increase of $517.4 million or 1.9%. After excluding sales of $485.2 million for the extra week in 2011, the Company estimates that its sales increased $420.0 million or 1.6% from new supermarkets and $582.6 million or 2.2% from comparable store sales. Comparable store sales for 2012 increased primarily due to product cost inflation and increased customer counts resulting from a better, but still difficult, economic climate.


10


Sales for 2011 were $27.0 billion as compared with $25.1 billion in 2010, an increase of $1,833.3 million or 7.3%. The Company estimates that its sales increased $485.2 million or 1.9% from the additional week in 2011, $317.6 million or 1.3% from new supermarkets and $1,030.5 million or 4.1% from comparable store sales. Comparable store sales for 2011 increased primarily due to product cost inflation and increased customer counts resulting from a better economic climate.
Gross profit
Gross profit (sales less cost of merchandise sold) as a percentage of sales was 27.6% in 2013, 2012 and 2011. Excluding the last-in, first-out (LIFO) reserve effect of $14.8 million, $28.4 million and $67.1 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively, gross profit as a percentage of sales would have been 27.6%, 27.7% and 27.9% in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. After excluding the LIFO reserve effect, the decrease in gross profit as a percentage of sales for 2013 as compared with 2012 and for 2012 as compared with 2011 was primarily due to increases in promotional activity and product cost increases, some of which were not passed on to customers.
Operating and administrative expenses
Operating and administrative expenses as a percentage of sales were 20.4%, 20.5% and 20.5% in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. After excluding the effect of the incremental sales from the additional week in 2011, operating and administrative expenses as a percentage of sales would have been 20.9% in 2011. The decrease in operating and administrative expenses as a percentage of sales for 2013 as compared with 2012 was primarily due to decreases in rent and utilities as a percentage of sales. The decrease in operating and administrative expenses as a percentage of sales for 2012 as compared with 2011 was primarily due to a decrease in payroll as a percentage of sales primarily due to more effective scheduling.
Investment income, net
Investment income, net was $127.3 million, $88.4 million and $93.0 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The increase in investment income, net for 2013 as compared with 2012 was primarily due to an increase in realized gains on the sale of equity securities. The decrease in investment income, net for 2012 as compared with 2011 was primarily due to a decrease in realized gains on the sale of equity securities partially offset by a decrease in other-than-temporary impairment (OTTI) losses on equity securities and an increase in dividend income.
There were no OTTI losses on available-for-sale (AFS) securities in 2013 and 2012. The Company recorded OTTI losses on equity securities of $6.1 million in 2011. There were no OTTI losses on debt securities in 2011.
Income taxes
The effective income tax rate was 32.9%, 32.6% and 34.0% in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The increase in the effective income tax rate for 2013 as compared with 2012 was primarily due to a decrease in dividends paid to ESOP participants due to the payment of the first semi-annual dividend in 2012, as noted in Dividends below, partially offset by an increase in tax exempt investment income and investment related tax credits. The decrease in the effective income tax rate for 2012 as compared with 2011 was primarily due to an increase in dividends paid to ESOP participants due to the payment of the semi-annual dividend.
Net earnings
Net earnings were $1,654.0 million or $2.12 per share, $1,552.3 million or $1.98 per share and $1,492.0 million or $1.90 per share for 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Net earnings as a percentage of sales were 5.7%, 5.6% and 5.5% for 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The increase in net earnings as a percentage of sales for 2013 as compared with 2012 was primarily due to the decrease in operating and administrative expenses, as noted above. The increase in net earnings as a percentage of sales for 2012 as compared with 2011 was primarily due to the decrease in the effective income tax rate, as noted above.


11


Liquidity and Capital Resources
Cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments and long-term investments totaled $6,293.4 million as of December 28, 2013, as compared with $5,370.5 million as of December 29, 2012. This increase is primarily due to the Company generating cash in excess of the amount needed for current operations and the decrease in the dividends paid in 2013 as compared with 2012.
Net cash provided by operating activities
Net cash provided by operating activities was $2,567.3 million for 2013, as compared with $2,604.2 million and $2,341.2 million for 2012 and 2011, respectively. Net cash provided by operating activities for 2013 as compared with 2012 remained relatively unchanged. The increase in net cash provided by operating activities for 2012 as compared with 2011 was primarily due to the timing of payments, particularly for merchandise. Any net cash in excess of the amount needed for current operations is invested in short-term and long-term investments.
Net cash used in investing activities
Net cash used in investing activities was $1,721.5 million for 2013, as compared with $1,563.6 million and $1,819.4 million for 2012 and 2011, respectively. The primary use of net cash in investing activities for 2013 was funding capital expenditures and net increases in investment securities. Capital expenditures for 2013 totaled $668.5 million. These expenditures were incurred in connection with the opening of 22 new supermarkets (including seven replacement supermarkets) and remodeling 109 supermarkets. Twelve supermarkets were closed during 2013. Replacement supermarkets opened in 2013 replaced seven of the supermarkets closed during the same period. Four of the remaining supermarkets closed in 2013 will be replaced on site in subsequent periods and one supermarket will not be replaced. New supermarkets added 0.5 million square feet in 2013, an increase of 1.0%. Expenditures were also incurred for new supermarkets and remodels in progress, the acquisition of shopping centers with the Company as the anchor tenant, the construction of new warehouses and new or enhanced information technology hardware and applications. During the first quarter of 2013, the Company wrote off $1,061.6 million of fully depreciated furniture, fixtures and equipment. Since the assets were fully depreciated, the write off had no effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. In 2013, the payment for investments, net of the proceeds from the sale and maturity of such investments, was $1,074.4 million.
The primary use of net cash in investing activities for 2012 was funding capital expenditures and net increases in investment securities. Capital expenditures for 2012 totaled $697.1 million. These expenditures were incurred in connection with the opening of 31 new supermarkets (including 12 replacement supermarkets) and remodeling 113 supermarkets. Eight supermarkets were closed during 2012. Replacement supermarkets opened in 2012 replaced seven of the supermarkets closed during the same period and five supermarkets closed in 2011 that were replaced on site. The remaining supermarket closed in 2012 was not replaced. New supermarkets added 1.1 million square feet in 2012, an increase of 2.3%. Expenditures were also incurred for the acquisition of shopping centers with the Company as the anchor tenant, the expansion of warehouses and new or enhanced information technology hardware and applications. For the same period, the payment for investments, net of the proceeds from the sale and maturity of such investments, was $871.9 million.
The primary use of net cash in investing activities for 2011 was funding capital expenditures and net increases in investment securities. Capital expenditures for 2011 totaled $603.0 million. These expenditures were incurred in connection with the opening of 29 new supermarkets (including 11 replacement supermarkets) and remodeling 126 supermarkets. Seventeen supermarkets were closed during 2011. Replacement supermarkets opened in 2011 replaced 11 of the 17 supermarkets closed during the same period. Five of the supermarkets closed in 2011 were replaced on site in 2012. The remaining supermarket closed in 2011 was not replaced. New supermarkets added 0.6 million square feet in 2011, an increase of 1.3%. Expenditures were also incurred for the acquisition of shopping centers with the Company as the anchor tenant and new or enhanced information technology hardware and applications. For the same period, the payment for investments, net of the proceeds from the sale and maturity of such investments, was $1,221.7 million.
Capital expenditure projection
In 2014, the Company plans to open 32 supermarkets, some of which will be replacement supermarkets. Although real estate development is unpredictable, the Company’s 2014 new store growth represents a reasonable estimate of anticipated future growth. Capital expenditures for 2014 are expected to be approximately $875 million, primarily consisting of new supermarkets, remodeling existing supermarkets, construction of new warehouses, new or enhanced information technology hardware and applications and acquisition of shopping centers with the Company as the anchor tenant. The shopping center acquisitions are financed with internally generated funds and assumed debt, if prepayment penalties for the debt are determined to be significant. This capital program is subject to continuing change and review. In the normal course of operations, the Company replaces supermarkets and closes supermarkets that are not meeting performance expectations. The impact of future supermarket closings is not expected to be material.


12


Net cash used in financing activities
Net cash used in financing activities was $881.3 million in 2013, as compared with $1,070.1 million and $760.8 million in 2012 and 2011, respectively. The decrease in net cash used in financing activities for 2013 as compared with 2012 was primarily due to the Company paying dividends of $0.70 per share or $547.3 million in 2013 as compared to dividends of $0.89 per share or $698.7 million in 2012, as noted in Dividends below. Net common stock repurchases totaled $321.3 million in 2013, as compared with $354.4 million and $291.3 million in 2012 and 2011, respectively. The Company currently repurchases common stock at the stockholders’ request in accordance with the terms of the Company’s ESPP, 401(k) Plan, ESOP and Directors Plan. The amount of common stock offered to the Company for repurchase is not within the control of the Company, but is at the discretion of the stockholders. The Company expects to continue to repurchase its common stock, as offered by its stockholders from time to time, at its then current value for amounts similar to those in prior years. However, with the exception of certain shares distributed from the ESOP, such purchases are not required and the Company retains the right to discontinue them at any time.
Dividends
The Company paid dividends on its common stock of $0.70 per share or $547.3 million, $0.89 per share or $698.7 million and $0.53 per share or $418.7 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Due to the growth of the Company’s dividend over the last several years, the Company decided in 2012 to begin paying a semi-annual dividend rather than an annual dividend. To not delay any dividend payments to the Company’s stockholders, the first semi-annual dividend of $0.30 per share or $234.1 million was paid on December 3, 2012. As a result, dividends paid in 2013 were less than in 2012.
Cash requirements
In 2014, the cash requirements for current operations, capital expenditures, common stock repurchases and dividend payments are expected to be financed by internally generated funds or liquid assets. Based on the Company’s financial position, it is expected that short-term and long-term borrowings would be available to support the Company’s liquidity requirements, if needed.


13


Contractual Obligations
Following is a summary of contractual obligations as of December 28, 2013:
 
 
Payments Due by Period
 
 
Total
 
2014
 
 2015-
2016
 
 2017-
2018
 
There-
after
 
 
(Amounts are in thousands)
Contractual obligations:
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating leases (1)
 
$
4,169,945

 
431,712

 
801,075

 
697,977

 
2,239,181

Purchase obligations (2)(3)(4)
 
1,978,312

 
969,116

 
297,717

 
187,822

 
523,657

Other long-term liabilities:
 

 

 

 

 

Self-insurance reserves (5)
 
356,041

 
150,860

 
90,925

 
36,571

 
77,685

Accrued postretirement benefit cost (6)
 
107,324

 
4,561

 
9,858

 
10,762

 
82,143

Long-term debt (7)
 
162,154

 
37,509

 
62,714

 
47,854

 
14,077

Other
 
16,542

 
500

 
541

 
420

 
15,081

Total
 
$
6,790,318

 
1,594,258

 
1,262,830

 
981,406

 
2,951,824

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
The Company is not a party to any off-balance sheet arrangements that have, or are reasonably likely to have, a current or future effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.












____________________________
(1)
For a more detailed description of the operating lease obligations, refer to Note 9(a) Commitments and Contingencies - Operating Leases in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
(2)
Purchase obligations include agreements to purchase goods or services that are enforceable and legally binding on the Company and that specify all significant terms, including fixed or minimum quantities to be purchased, fixed, minimum or variable price provisions and the approximate timing of the transaction. Purchase obligations exclude agreements that are cancelable within 30 days without penalty.
(3)
As of December 28, 2013, the Company had $6.8 million outstanding in trade letters of credit and $4.7 million in standby letters of credit to support certain of these purchase obligations.
(4)
Purchase obligations include $1,029.4 million in real estate taxes, insurance and maintenance commitments related to operating leases. The actual amounts to be paid are variable and have been estimated based on current costs.
(5)
As of December 28, 2013, the Company had a restricted trust account in the amount of $169.9 million for the benefit of the Company’s insurance carrier to support this obligation.
(6)
For a more detailed description of the postretirement benefit obligations, refer to Note 5 Postretirement Benefits in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
(7)
For a more detailed description of the long-term debt obligations, refer to Note 4 Consolidation of Joint Ventures and Long-Term Debt in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


14


Accounting Standards
Recently Adopted Standard
In February 2013, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued an Accounting Standards Update that requires expanded disclosures related to accumulated other comprehensive earnings. The amended guidance requires entities to provide information about the amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive earnings by component. Additionally, entities are required to present, either on the face of the financial statements or in the notes, significant amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive earnings by the respective line items of net earnings. The amended guidance does not change the current requirements for reporting net earnings or other comprehensive earnings. The amendments are effective prospectively for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2012. The adoption of these amendments during the quarter ended March 30, 2013 did not have an effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
Critical Accounting Policies
The Company’s discussion and analysis of its financial condition and results of operations are based upon the Company’s consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The Company’s significant accounting policies are described in Note 1 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. The Company believes the following critical accounting policies reflect its more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of its consolidated financial statements.
Inventories
Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market. The cost for 84% of inventories was determined using the dollar value last-in, first-out method as of December 28, 2013 and December 29, 2012. Under this method, inventory is stated at cost, which is determined by applying a cost-to-retail ratio to each similar merchandise category’s ending retail value. The cost of the remaining inventories was determined using the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method. The FIFO cost of inventory approximates replacement or current cost. The FIFO method is used to value manufactured, seasonal, certain perishable and other miscellaneous inventory items because of fluctuating costs and inconsistent product availability. The Company also reduces inventory for estimated losses related to shrink.
Investments
All of the Company’s debt and equity securities are classified as AFS and carried at fair value. The Company evaluates whether AFS securities are OTTI based on criteria that include the extent to which cost exceeds market value, the duration of the market decline, the credit rating of the issuer or security, the failure of the issuer to make scheduled principal or interest payments and the financial health and prospects of the issuer or security. Declines in the value of AFS securities determined to be OTTI are recognized in earnings and reported as OTTI losses, while declines in the value of AFS securities determined to be temporary are reported, net of tax, as other comprehensive losses and included as a component of stockholders’ equity. If market or issuer conditions decline, the Company may incur future impairments.
Debt securities with unrealized losses are considered OTTI if the Company intends to sell the debt security or if the Company will be required to sell the debt security prior to any anticipated recovery. If the Company determines that a debt security is OTTI under these circumstances, the impairment recognized in earnings is measured as the difference between the amortized cost and the current fair value. A debt security is also determined to be OTTI if the Company does not expect to recover the amortized cost of the debt security. However, in this circumstance, if the Company does not intend to sell the debt security and will not be required to sell the debt security, the impairment recognized in earnings equals the estimated credit loss as measured by the difference between the present value of expected cash flows and the amortized cost of the debt security. Expected cash flows are discounted using the debt security’s effective interest rate. Debt securities held by the Company at year end primarily consisted of corporate, state and municipality issued bonds and collateralized mortgage obligations with high credit ratings; therefore, the Company believes the credit risk is low. The Company believes a 50 basis point increase in long-term interest rates would result in an immaterial unrealized loss on its debt securities. Since the Company does not intend to sell its debt securities or will likely not be required to sell its debt securities prior to any anticipated recovery, such a theoretical temporary unrealized loss would impact comprehensive earnings, but not net earnings or cash flows.
Equity securities held by the Company are subject to equity price risk that results from fluctuations in quoted market prices as of the balance sheet date. Market price fluctuations may result from perceived changes in the underlying economic characteristics of the issuer, the relative price of alternative investments and general market conditions. An equity security is determined to be OTTI if the Company does not expect to recover the cost of the equity security. A theoretical decrease of 5% in the value of the Company’s equity securities would result in an immaterial decrease in the value of long-term investments.


15


Long-Lived Assets
The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the net book value of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the net book value of an asset to the future net undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. An impairment loss is recorded for the excess of the net book value over the fair value of the asset impaired. The fair value is estimated based on expected discounted future cash flows. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell and are no longer depreciated. Long-lived assets, including buildings and improvements, leasehold improvements, and furniture, fixtures and equipment, are evaluated for impairment at the supermarket level.
The Company’s judgment regarding the existence of circumstances that indicate the potential impairment of an asset’s net book value is based on several factors, including the decision to close a supermarket or a decline in operating cash flows. The variability of these factors depends on a number of conditions, including uncertainty about future events and general economic conditions; therefore, the Company’s accounting estimates may change from period to period. These factors could cause the Company to conclude that a potential impairment exists, and the applicable impairment tests could result in a determination that the value of long-lived assets is impaired, resulting in a write-down of the long-lived assets. The Company attempts to select supermarket sites that will achieve the forecasted operating results. To the extent the Company’s assets are maintained in good condition and the forecasted operating results of the supermarkets are achieved, it is relatively unlikely that future assessments of recoverability would result in impairment charges that would have a material effect on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations. There were no material changes in the estimates or assumptions related to the impairment of long-lived assets in 2013.
Cost of Merchandise Sold
Cost of merchandise sold includes costs of inventory and costs related to in-store production. Cost of merchandise sold also includes inbound freight charges, purchasing and receiving costs, warehousing costs and other costs of the Company’s distribution network.
Vendor allowances and credits, including cooperative advertising fees, received from a vendor in connection with the purchase or promotion of the vendor’s products are recognized as a reduction of cost of merchandise sold as earned. These allowances and credits are recognized as earned in accordance with the underlying agreement with the vendor and completion of the earnings process. Short-term vendor agreements with advance payment provisions are recorded as a current liability and are recognized over the appropriate period as earned according to the underlying agreements. Long-term vendor agreements with advance payment provisions are recorded as a noncurrent liability and are recognized over the appropriate period as earned according to the underlying agreements.
Self-Insurance
The Company is self insured for health care claims and property, plant and equipment losses. The Company has insurance coverage for losses in excess of self-insurance limits for fleet liability, general liability and workers’ compensation claims. Historically, it has been infrequent for incurred claims to exceed these self-insurance limits.
Self-insurance reserves are established for health care, fleet liability, general liability and workers’ compensation claims. These reserves are determined based on actual claims experience and an estimate of claims incurred but not reported including, where necessary, actuarial studies. The Company believes that the use of actuarial studies to determine self-insurance reserves represents a consistent method of measuring these subjective estimates. Actuarial projections of losses for general liability and workers’ compensation claims are discounted and subject to variability. The causes of variability include, but are not limited to, such factors as future interest and inflation rates, future economic conditions, claims experience, litigation trends and benefit level changes. The Company believes a 100 basis point change in the discount rate would result in an immaterial change in the Company’s self-insurance reserves.


16


Forward-Looking Statements
From time to time, certain information provided by the Company, including written or oral statements made by its representatives, may contain forward-looking information as defined in Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Forward-looking information includes statements about the future performance of the Company, which is based on management’s assumptions and beliefs in light of the information currently available to them. When used, the words “plan,” “estimate,” “project,” “intend,” “believe” and other similar expressions, as they relate to the Company, are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those statements including, but not limited to, the following: competitive practices and pricing in the food and drug industries generally and particularly in the Company’s principal markets; results of programs to increase sales, including private-label sales; results of programs to control or reduce costs; changes in buying, pricing and promotional practices; changes in shrink management; changes in the general economy; changes in consumer spending; changes in population, employment and job growth in the Company’s principal markets; and other factors affecting the Company’s business within or beyond the Company’s control. These factors include changes in the rate of inflation, changes in state and federal legislation or regulation, adverse determinations with respect to litigation or other claims, ability to recruit and retain employees, increases in operating costs including, but not limited to, labor costs, credit card fees and utility costs, particularly electric rates, ability to construct new supermarkets or complete remodels as rapidly as planned and stability of product costs. Other factors and assumptions not identified above could also cause the actual results to differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements. The Company assumes no obligation to publicly update these forward-looking statements.


17


Item 7A.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
The Company does not utilize financial instruments for trading or other speculative purposes, nor does it utilize leveraged financial instruments.
The Company’s cash equivalents and short-term investments are subject to three market risks, namely interest rate risk, credit risk and secondary market risk. Most of the cash equivalents and short-term investments are held in money market investments and debt securities that mature in less than one year. Due to the quality of the short-term investments held, the Company does not expect the valuation of these investments to be significantly impacted by future market conditions.
The Company’s long-term investments consist of debt and equity securities that are classified as AFS and carried at fair value. The Company evaluates whether AFS securities are OTTI based on criteria that include the extent to which cost exceeds market value, the duration of the market decline, the credit rating of the issuer or security, the failure of the issuer to make scheduled principal or interest payments and the financial health and prospects of the issuer or security. Declines in the value of AFS securities determined to be OTTI are recognized in earnings and reported as OTTI, while declines in the value of AFS securities determined to be temporary are reported, net of tax, as other comprehensive losses and included as a component of stockholders’ equity. If market or issuer conditions decline, the Company may incur future impairments.
Debt securities are subject to both interest rate risk and credit risk. Debt securities with unrealized losses are considered OTTI if the Company intends to sell the debt security or if the Company will be required to sell the debt security prior to any anticipated recovery. If the Company determines that a debt security is OTTI under these circumstances, the impairment recognized in earnings is measured as the difference between the amortized cost and the current fair value. A debt security is also determined to be OTTI if the Company does not expect to recover the amortized cost of the debt security. However, in this circumstance, if the Company does not intend to sell the debt security and will not be required to sell the debt security, the impairment recognized in earnings equals the estimated credit loss as measured by the difference between the present value of expected cash flows and the amortized cost of the debt security. Expected cash flows are discounted using the debt security’s effective interest rate. Debt securities held by the Company at year end primarily consisted of corporate, state and municipality issued bonds and collateralized mortgage obligations with high credit ratings; therefore, the Company believes the credit risk is low. The Company believes a 50 basis point increase in long-term interest rates would result in an immaterial unrealized loss on its debt securities. Since the Company does not intend to sell its debt securities or will likely not be required to sell its debt securities prior to any anticipated recovery, such a theoretical temporary unrealized loss would impact comprehensive earnings, but not net earnings or cash flows.
Equity securities held by the Company are subject to equity price risk that results from fluctuations in quoted market prices as of the balance sheet date. Market price fluctuations may result from perceived changes in the underlying economic characteristics of the issuer, the relative price of alternative investments and general market conditions. An equity security is determined to be OTTI if the Company does not expect to recover the cost of the equity security. A theoretical decrease of 5% in the value of the Company’s equity securities would result in an immaterial decrease in the value of long-term investments.


18


Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Management of the Company is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and Rule 15d-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934). The Company’s internal control over financial reporting is designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Because of inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
Management assessed the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 28, 2013. In making this assessment, management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013). Based on this assessment and these criteria, management believes that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 28, 2013.


19


Item 8.  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

Index to Consolidated Financial Statements and Schedule
 
 
 
Page
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
 
 
Consolidated Financial Statements:
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets – December 28, 2013 and December 29, 2012
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Earnings – Years ended December 28, 2013, December 29, 2012
and December 31, 2011
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Earnings – Years ended December 28, 2013,
December 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows – Years ended December 28, 2013, December 29, 2012 and 
December 31, 2011
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity – Years ended December 28, 2013,
December 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011
 
 
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
 
The following consolidated financial statement schedule of the Company for the years ended
December 28, 2013, December 29, 2012 and December 31, 2011 is submitted herewith:
 
 
 
 
Schedule II – Valuation and Qualifying Accounts
 
 
 
All other schedules are omitted as the required information is inapplicable or the information is
presented in the financial statements or related notes.
 
 


20


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
The Board of Directors and Stockholders
Publix Super Markets, Inc.:
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Publix Super Markets, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 28, 2013 and December 29, 2012, and the related consolidated statements of earnings, comprehensive earnings, cash flows and stockholders’ equity for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 28, 2013. In connection with our audits of the consolidated financial statements, we also have audited the financial statement schedule listed in the accompanying index. These consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule based on our audits.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Publix Super Markets, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 28, 2013 and December 29, 2012, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 28, 2013, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Also in our opinion, the related financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic consolidated financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein.
KPMG LLP
Tampa, Florida
March 3, 2014
Certified Public Accountants


21


PUBLIX SUPER MARKETS, INC.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
December 28, 2013 and
December 29, 2012
 
Assets
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
 
(Amounts are in thousands)
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
301,868

 
337,400

 
Short-term investments
 
829,559

 
797,260

 
Trade receivables
 
540,156

 
519,137

 
Merchandise inventories
 
1,506,977

 
1,409,367

 
Deferred tax assets
 
55,761

 
57,834

 
Prepaid expenses
 
25,823

 
28,124

 
Total current assets
 
3,260,144

 
3,149,122

 
Long-term investments
 
5,161,927

 
4,235,846

 
Other noncurrent assets
 
319,818

 
202,636

 
Property, plant and equipment:
 
 
 
 
 
Land
 
716,071

 
688,812

 
Buildings and improvements
 
2,352,447

 
2,249,176

 
Furniture, fixtures and equipment
 
3,759,007

 
4,587,883

 
Leasehold improvements
 
1,438,871

 
1,385,823

 
Construction in progress
 
152,240

 
67,775

 
 
 
8,418,636

 
8,979,469

 
Accumulated depreciation
 
(3,613,884
)
 
(4,288,753
)
 
Net property, plant and equipment
 
4,804,752

 
4,690,716

 
 
 
$
13,546,641

 
12,278,320

 



See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
22


 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Equity
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
 
(Amounts are in thousands,
except par value)
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
1,383,134

 
1,306,996

 
Accrued expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Contributions to retirement plans
 
448,339

 
430,395

 
Self-insurance reserves
 
150,860

 
138,998

 
Salaries and wages
 
116,116

 
109,091

 
Other
 
223,048

 
230,486

 
Current portion of long-term debt
 
37,509

 
5,018

 
Federal and state income taxes
 
19,916

 

 
Total current liabilities
 
2,378,922

 
2,220,984

 
Deferred tax liabilities
 
356,956

 
327,294

 
Self-insurance reserves
 
205,181

 
212,728

 
Accrued postretirement benefit cost
 
102,763

 
116,721

 
Long-term debt
 
124,645

 
153,454

 
Other noncurrent liabilities
 
110,378

 
118,321

 
Total liabilities
 
3,278,845

 
3,149,502

 
Common stock related to Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP)
 
2,322,903

 
2,272,963

 
Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock of $1 par value. Authorized 1,000,000 shares; issued
and outstanding 776,721 shares in 2013 and 776,094 shares in 2012
 
776,721

 
776,094

 
Additional paid-in capital
 
1,898,974

 
1,627,258

 
Retained earnings
 
7,454,448

 
6,640,538

 
Accumulated other comprehensive earnings
 
86,999

 
38,289

 
Common stock related to ESOP
 
(2,322,903
)
 
(2,272,963
)
 
Total stockholders’ equity
 
7,894,239

 
6,809,216

 
Noncontrolling interests
 
50,654

 
46,639

 
Total equity
 
10,267,796

 
9,128,818

 
Commitments and contingencies
 

 

 
 
 
$
13,546,641

 
12,278,320

 



23


PUBLIX SUPER MARKETS, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Earnings
Years ended December 28, 2013December 29, 2012
and December 31, 2011

 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
 
(Amounts are in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales
 
$
28,917,439

 
27,484,766

 
26,967,389

 
Other operating income
 
230,079

 
222,006

 
211,375

 
Total revenues
 
29,147,518

 
27,706,772

 
27,178,764

 
Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of merchandise sold
 
20,937,319

 
19,910,984

 
19,520,370

 
Operating and administrative expenses
 
5,890,461

 
5,630,537

 
5,523,469

 
Total costs and expenses
 
26,827,780

 
25,541,521

 
25,043,839

 
Operating profit
 
2,319,738

 
2,165,251

 
2,134,925

 
Investment income
 
127,299

 
88,449

 
99,039

 
Other-than-temporary impairment losses
 

 

 
(6,082
)
 
Investment income, net
 
127,299

 
88,449

 
92,957

 
Other income, net
 
18,652

 
48,894

 
33,891

 
Earnings before income tax expense
 
2,465,689

 
2,302,594

 
2,261,773

 
Income tax expense
 
811,735

 
750,339

 
769,807

 
Net earnings
 
$
1,653,954

 
1,552,255

 
1,491,966

 
Weighted average shares outstanding
 
780,188

 
782,553

 
784,815

 
Basic and diluted earnings per share
 
$
2.12

 
1.98

 
1.90

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
24


PUBLIX SUPER MARKETS, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Earnings
Years ended December 28, 2013December 29, 2012
and December 31, 2011

 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
 
(Amounts are in thousands)
 
Net earnings
 
$
1,653,954

 
1,552,255

 
1,491,966

 
Other comprehensive earnings:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain on available-for-sale (AFS) securities,
net of tax effect of $41,474, $12,567 and $6,324 in
2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively
 
65,861

 
19,956

 
10,041

 
Reclassification adjustment for net realized gain on AFS
securities, net of tax effect of ($18,458), ($4,013) and
($7,684) in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively
 
(29,311
)
 
(6,373
)
 
(12,202
)
 
Adjustment to postretirement benefit plan obligation, net
of tax effect of $7,658, ($3,498) and ($3,655) in 2013,
2012 and 2011, respectively
 
12,160

 
(5,555
)
 
(5,804
)
 
Comprehensive earnings
 
$
1,702,664

 
1,560,283

 
1,484,001

 


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
25


PUBLIX SUPER MARKETS, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Years ended December 28, 2013December 29, 2012
and December 31, 2011

 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
 
(Amounts are in thousands)
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash received from customers
 
$
28,942,460

 
27,579,893

 
26,980,492

 
Cash paid to employees and suppliers
 
(25,673,800
)
 
(24,279,245
)
 
(24,024,194
)
 
Income taxes paid
 
(789,721
)
 
(785,147
)
 
(658,213
)
 
Self-insured claims paid
 
(321,060
)
 
(293,359
)
 
(285,362
)
 
Dividends and interest received
 
205,923

 
182,025

 
139,727

 
Other operating cash receipts
 
222,178

 
214,022

 
203,112

 
Other operating cash payments
 
(18,677
)
 
(13,982
)
 
(14,375
)
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
2,567,303

 
2,604,207

 
2,341,187

 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Payment for capital expenditures
 
(668,485
)
 
(697,112
)
 
(602,952
)
 
Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment
 
21,360

 
5,503

 
5,312

 
Payment for investments
 
(2,442,298
)
 
(1,882,223
)
 
(2,062,775
)
 
Proceeds from sale and maturity of investments
 
1,367,922

 
1,010,277

 
841,028

 
Net cash used in investing activities
 
(1,721,501
)
 
(1,563,555
)
 
(1,819,387
)
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Payment for acquisition of common stock
 
(563,470
)
 
(551,816
)
 
(497,570
)
 
Proceeds from sale of common stock
 
242,211

 
197,448

 
206,245

 
Dividends paid
 
(547,287
)
 
(698,652
)
 
(418,680
)
 
Repayments of long-term debt
 
(16,803
)
 
(18,277
)
 
(49,076
)
 
Other, net
 
4,015

 
1,192

 
(1,767
)
 
Net cash used in financing activities
 
(881,334
)
 
(1,070,105
)
 
(760,848
)
 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
 
(35,532
)
 
(29,453
)
 
(239,048
)
 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
 
337,400

 
366,853

 
605,901

 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year
 
$
301,868

 
337,400

 
366,853

 











See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
26


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
 
(Amounts are in thousands)
 
Reconciliation of net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings
 
$
1,653,954

 
1,552,255

 
1,491,966

 
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash
provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
501,689

 
493,239

 
492,639

 
Increase in LIFO reserve
 
14,787

 
28,419

 
67,145

 
Retirement contributions paid or payable in
common stock
 
319,175

 
304,285

 
291,240

 
Deferred income taxes
 
1,061

 
7,002

 
95,848

 
Loss on disposal and impairment of property,
plant and equipment
 
26,065

 
24,855

 
13,734

 
Gain on AFS securities
 
(47,769
)
 
(10,386
)
 
(19,886
)
 
Net amortization of investments
 
133,422

 
108,300

 
80,890

 
Change in operating assets and liabilities providing (requiring) cash:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade receivables
 
(21,086
)
 
22,517

 
(50,782
)
 
Merchandise inventories
 
(112,397
)
 
(76,077
)
 
(70,277
)
 
Prepaid expenses and other noncurrent assets
 
(1,757
)
 
(3,374
)
 
(15,635
)
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
76,083

 
181,916

 
(51,741
)
 
Self-insurance reserves
 
4,315

 
6,497

 
9,762

 
Federal and state income taxes
 
21,844

 
(41,153
)
 
15,763

 
Other noncurrent liabilities
 
(2,083
)
 
5,912

 
(9,479
)
 
Total adjustments
 
913,349

 
1,051,952

 
849,221

 
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
$
2,567,303

 
2,604,207

 
2,341,187

 



27


PUBLIX SUPER MARKETS, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
Years ended December 28, 2013December 29, 2012
and December 31, 2011

 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
Common Stock (Acquired from) Sold to Stock-
holders
Accumu-
lated Other Compre-
hensive Earnings (Losses)
Common Stock Related to ESOP
 
Total Stock-
holders’ Equity
 
 
(Amounts are in thousands, except per share amounts)
Balances at December 25, 2010
 
$
780,969

 
1,092,008

 
5,349,387

 
 

 
 
 
38,226

 
 
(2,016,696
)
 
5,243,894

Comprehensive earnings
 

 

 
1,491,966

 
 

 
 
 
(7,965
)
 
 

 
1,484,001

Dividends, $0.53 per share
 

 

 
(418,680
)
 
 

 
 
 

 
 

 
(418,680
)
Contribution of 12,508 shares to retirement plans
 
10,064

 
202,761

 

 
 
48,599

 
 
 

 
 

 
261,424

Acquisition of 23,513 shares from stockholders
 

 

 

 
 
(497,570
)
 
 
 

 
 

 
(497,570
)
Sale of 9,711 shares to stockholders
 
2,920

 
60,112

 

 
 
143,213

 
 
 

 
 

 
206,245

Retirement of 14,278 shares
 
(14,278
)
 

 
(291,480
)
 
 
305,758

 
 
 

 
 

 

Change for ESOP related shares
 

 

 

 
 

 
 
 

 
 
(120,521
)
 
(120,521
)
Balances at December 31, 2011
 
779,675

 
1,354,881

 
6,131,193

 
 

 
 
 
30,261

 
 
(2,137,217
)
 
6,158,793

Comprehensive earnings
 

 

 
1,552,255

 
 

 
 
 
8,028

 
 

 
1,560,283

Dividends, $0.89 per share
 

 

 
(698,652
)
 
 

 
 
 

 
 

 
(698,652
)
Contribution of 12,451 shares to retirement plans
 
9,845

 
216,232

 

 
 
52,829

 
 
 

 
 

 
278,906

Acquisition of 24,889 shares from stockholders
 

 

 

 
 
(551,816
)
 
 
 

 
 

 
(551,816
)
Sale of 8,857 shares to stockholders
 
2,650

 
56,145

 

 
 
138,653

 
 
 

 
 

 
197,448

Retirement of 16,076 shares
 
(16,076
)
 

 
(344,258
)
 
 
360,334

 
 
 

 
 

 

Change for ESOP related shares
 

 

 

 
 

 
 
 

 
 
(135,746
)
 
(135,746
)
Balances at December 29, 2012
 
776,094

 
1,627,258

 
6,640,538

 
 

 
 
 
38,289

 
 
(2,272,963
)
 
6,809,216

Comprehensive earnings
 

 

 
1,653,954

 
 

 
 
 
48,710

 
 

 
1,702,664

Dividends, $0.70 per share
 

 

 
(547,287
)
 
 

 
 
 

 
 

 
(547,287
)
Contribution of 12,967 shares to retirement plans
 
9,548

 
214,371

 

 
 
76,926

 
 
 

 
 

 
300,845

Acquisition of 21,602 shares from stockholders
 

 

 

 
 
(563,470
)
 
 
 

 
 

 
(563,470
)
Sale of 9,262 shares to stockholders
 
2,275

 
57,345

 

 
 
182,591

 
 
 

 
 

 
242,211

Retirement of 11,196 shares
 
(11,196
)
 

 
(292,757
)
 
 
303,953

 
 
 

 
 

 

Change for ESOP related shares
 

 

 

 
 

 
 
 

 
 
(49,940
)
 
(49,940
)
Balances at December 28, 2013
 
$
776,721

 
1,898,974

 
7,454,448

 
 

 
 
 
86,999

 
 
(2,322,903
)
 
7,894,239



See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
28


PUBLIX SUPER MARKETS, INC.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements



(1)    Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
(a)
Business
Publix Super Markets, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries (the Company) are in the primary business of operating retail food supermarkets in Florida, Georgia, Alabama, South Carolina and Tennessee. The Company will expand its retail operations into North Carolina in 2014. The Company was founded in 1930 and later merged into another corporation that was originally incorporated in 1921. The Company has no other significant lines of business or industry segments. See percentage of consolidated sales by merchandise category on page 1.
(b)
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, its wholly owned subsidiaries and certain joint ventures in which the Company has a controlling financial interest. All significant intercompany balances and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.
(c)
Fiscal Year
The Company’s fiscal year ends on the last Saturday in December. Fiscal years 2013 and 2012 include 52 weeks. Fiscal year 2011 includes 53 weeks.
(d)
Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all liquid investments with maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents.
(e)
Trade Receivables
Trade receivables primarily include amounts due from vendor allowances, debit and credit card sales and third party insurance pharmacy billings.
(f)
Inventories
Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market. The cost for 84% of inventories was determined using the dollar value last-in, first-out method as of December 28, 2013 and December 29, 2012. The cost of the remaining inventories was determined using the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method. The FIFO cost of inventory approximates replacement or current cost. The FIFO method is used to value manufactured, seasonal, certain perishable and other miscellaneous inventory items because of fluctuating costs and inconsistent product availability. The Company also reduces inventory for estimated losses related to shrink. If the FIFO method of valuing inventories had been used by the Company to value all inventories, then inventories and current assets would have been higher than reported by $389,764,000 and $374,977,000 as of December 28, 2013 and December 29, 2012, respectively.
(g)
Investments
All of the Company’s debt and equity securities are classified as available-for-sale (AFS) and are carried at fair value. The Company evaluates whether AFS securities are other-than-temporarily impaired (OTTI) based on criteria that include the extent to which cost exceeds market value, the duration of the market value decline, the credit rating of the issuer or security, the failure of the issuer to make scheduled principal or interest payments and the financial health and prospects of the issuer or security.
Declines in the value of AFS securities determined to be OTTI are recognized in earnings and reported as OTTI losses. Debt securities with unrealized losses are considered OTTI if the Company intends to sell the debt security or if the Company will be required to sell the debt security prior to any anticipated recovery. If the Company determines that a debt security is OTTI under these circumstances, the impairment recognized in earnings is measured as the difference between the amortized cost and the current fair value. A debt security is also determined to be OTTI if the Company does not expect to recover the amortized cost of the debt security. However, in this circumstance, if the Company does not intend to sell the debt security and will not be required to sell the debt security, the impairment recognized in earnings equals the estimated credit loss as measured by the difference between the present value of expected cash flows and the amortized cost of the debt security. Expected cash flows are discounted using the debt security’s effective interest rate. An equity security is determined to be OTTI if the Company does not expect to recover the cost of the equity security. Declines in the value of AFS securities determined to be temporary are reported, net of tax, as other comprehensive losses and included as a component of stockholders’ equity. 
Interest and dividend income, amortization of premiums, accretion of discounts and realized gains and losses on AFS securities are included in investment income. Interest income is accrued as earned. Dividend income is recognized as income on the ex-dividend date of the security. The cost of AFS securities sold is based on the FIFO method.


29


PUBLIX SUPER MARKETS, INC.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


(h)
Property, Plant and Equipment and Depreciation
Assets are recorded at cost and are depreciated using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives or the terms of the related leases, if shorter, as follows:
 
Buildings and improvements
 
 10 – 40 years
Furniture, fixtures and equipment
 
3 – 20 years
Leasehold improvements
 
 10 – 20 years
Maintenance and repairs are charged to operating expenses as incurred. Expenditures for renewals and betterments are capitalized. The gain or loss realized on disposed assets or assets to be disposed of is recorded as operating and administrative expenses in the consolidated statements of earnings.
(i)
Capitalized Computer Software Costs
The Company capitalizes certain costs incurred in connection with developing or obtaining software for internal use. These costs are capitalized and amortized over a three year life. The amounts capitalized were $11,588,000, $11,144,000 and $9,818,000 for 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
(j)
Long-Lived Assets
The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the net book value of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the net book value of an asset to the future net undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. An impairment loss is recorded for the excess of the net book value over the fair value of the asset impaired. The fair value is estimated based on expected discounted future cash flows. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell and are no longer depreciated. Long-lived assets, including buildings and improvements, leasehold improvements, and furniture, fixtures and equipment, are evaluated for impairment at the supermarket level.
(k)
Self-Insurance
The Company is self insured for health care claims and property, plant and equipment losses. The Company has insurance coverage for losses in excess of self-insurance limits for fleet liability, general liability and workers’ compensation claims. Self-insurance reserves are established for health care, fleet liability, general liability and workers’ compensation claims. These reserves are determined based on actual claims experience and an estimate of claims incurred but not reported including, where necessary, actuarial studies. Actuarial projections of losses for general liability and workers’ compensation claims are discounted.
(l)
Comprehensive Earnings
Comprehensive earnings include net earnings and other comprehensive earnings. Other comprehensive earnings include revenues, expenses, gains and losses that have been excluded from net earnings and recorded directly to stockholders’ equity. Included in other comprehensive earnings for the Company are unrealized gains and losses on AFS securities and adjustments to the postretirement benefit plan obligation.
(m)
Revenue Recognition
Revenue is recognized at the point of sale for retail sales. Customer returns are immaterial. Vendor coupons that are reimbursed are accounted for as sales. Coupons and other sales incentives offered by the Company that are not reimbursed are recorded as a reduction of sales.
(n)
Sales Taxes
The Company records sales net of applicable sales taxes.
(o)
Other Operating Income
Other operating income is recognized on a net revenue basis as earned. Other operating income includes income generated from other activities, primarily lottery commissions, automated teller transaction fees, commissions on licensee sales, mall gift card commissions, vending machine commissions, money transfer fees and coupon redemption income.
(p)
Cost of Merchandise Sold
Cost of merchandise sold includes costs of inventory and costs related to in-store production. Cost of merchandise sold also includes inbound freight charges, purchasing and receiving costs, warehousing costs and other costs of the Company’s distribution network.


30


PUBLIX SUPER MARKETS, INC.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


Vendor allowances and credits, including cooperative advertising allowances, received from a vendor in connection with the purchase or promotion of the vendor’s products are recognized as a reduction of cost of merchandise sold as earned. These allowances and credits are recognized as earned in accordance with the underlying agreement with the vendor and completion of the earnings process. Short-term vendor agreements with advance payment provisions are recorded as a current liability and are recognized over the appropriate period as earned according to the underlying agreements. Long-term vendor agreements with advance payment provisions are recorded as a noncurrent liability and are recognized over the appropriate period as earned according to the underlying agreements.
The amount of cooperative advertising allowances recognized as a reduction of cost of merchandise sold was $11,155,000, $9,190,000 and $8,898,000 for 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
(q)
Advertising Costs
Advertising costs are expensed as incurred and were $217,451,000, $208,295,000 and $202,405,000 for 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
(r)
Other Income, net
Other income, net includes rent received from tenants in owned shopping centers, net of related expenses, and other miscellaneous nonoperating income.
(s)
Income Taxes
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are established for temporary differences between financial and tax reporting bases and are subsequently adjusted to reflect changes in tax rates expected to be in effect when the temporary differences reverse. The Company recognizes accrued interest and penalties related to income tax liabilities as a component of income tax expense.
(t)
Common Stock and Earnings Per Share
Basic and diluted earnings per share are calculated by dividing net earnings by the weighted average shares outstanding. Basic and diluted earnings per share are the same because the Company does not have options or other stock compensation programs that impact the calculation of diluted earnings per share. All shares owned by the Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP) are included in the earnings per share calculations. Dividends paid to the ESOP, as well as dividends on all other common stock shares, are reflected as a reduction of retained earnings. All common stock shares, including ESOP and 401(k) Plan shares, receive one vote per share and have the same dividend rights. The voting rights for ESOP shares allocated to participants’ accounts are passed through to the participants. The Trustee of the 401(k) Plan votes the shares held in that plan.
(u)
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.



31


PUBLIX SUPER MARKETS, INC.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


(2)    Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The fair value of certain of the Company’s financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables and accounts payable, approximates their respective carrying amounts due to their short-term maturity.
The fair value of AFS securities is based on market prices using the following measurement categories:
Level 1 – Fair value is determined by using quoted prices in active markets for identical investments. AFS securities that are included in this category are primarily a mutual fund, exchange traded funds and equity securities.
Level 2 – Fair value is determined by using other than quoted prices. By using observable inputs (for example, benchmark yields, interest rates, reported trades and broker dealer quotes), the fair value is determined through processes such as benchmark curves, benchmarking of like securities and matrix pricing of corporate and municipal bonds by using pricing of similar bonds based on coupons, ratings and maturities. In addition, the value of collateralized mortgage obligation securities is determined by using models to develop prepayment and interest rate scenarios for these securities which have prepayment features. AFS securities that are included in this category are primarily debt securities (tax exempt and taxable bonds).
Level 3 – Fair value is determined by using other than observable inputs. Fair value is determined by using the best information available in the circumstances and requires significant management judgment or estimation. No AFS securities are currently included in this category.
Following is a summary of fair value measurements for AFS securities as of December 28, 2013 and December 29, 2012:
 
 
Fair Value
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
 
(Amounts are in thousands)
December 28, 2013
 
$
5,991,486

 
1,085,194

 
4,906,292

 

December 29, 2012
 
5,033,106

 
713,741

 
4,319,365

 


(3)    Investments
Following is a summary of AFS securities as of December 28, 2013 and December 29, 2012:
 
 
Amortized Cost
 
Gross Unrealized Gains
Gross Unrealized Losses
Fair Value
 
 
(Amounts are in thousands)
2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tax exempt bonds
 
$
3,430,028

 
 
25,588

 
 
9,917

 
 
3,445,699

Taxable bonds
 
1,445,901

 
 
7,641

 
 
3,863

 
 
1,449,679

Restricted investments
 
170,000

 
 

 
 
86

 
 
169,914

Equity securities
 
790,975

 
 
139,119

 
 
3,900

 
 
926,194

 
 
$
5,836,904

 
 
172,348

 
 
17,766

 
 
5,991,486

2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tax exempt bonds
 
$
3,115,963

 
 
33,787

 
 
2,646

 
 
3,147,104

Taxable bonds
 
1,141,514

 
 
17,667

 
 
355

 
 
1,158,826

Restricted investments
 
170,000

 
 
431

 
 

 
 
170,431

Equity securities
 
510,613

 
 
58,631

 
 
12,499

 
 
556,745

 
 
$
4,938,090

 
 
110,516

 
 
15,500

 
 
5,033,106

Realized gains on sales of AFS securities totaled $64,637,000 for 2013. Realized losses on sales of AFS securities totaled $16,868,000 for 2013. There were no OTTI losses on AFS securities in 2013.



32


PUBLIX SUPER MARKETS, INC.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


Realized gains on sales of AFS securities totaled $23,772,000 for 2012. Realized losses on sales of AFS securities totaled $13,386,000 for 2012. There were no OTTI losses on AFS securities in 2012.
Realized gains on sales of AFS securities totaled $35,864,000 for 2011. Realized losses on sales of AFS securities totaled $15,978,000 for 2011, including OTTI losses on equity securities of $6,082,000. There were no OTTI losses on debt securities in 2011.
The amortized cost and fair value of AFS securities by expected maturity as of December 28, 2013 and December 29, 2012 are as follows:
  
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
Amortized Cost
 
Fair
Value
 
Amortized Cost
 
Fair
Value
 
 
 
 
(Amounts are in thousands)
 
 
 
Due in one year or less
 
$
824,780

 
829,559

 
792,946

 
797,260

Due after one year through five years
 
3,590,615

 
3,609,115

 
2,725,036

 
2,755,043

Due after five years through ten years
 
295,407

 
288,421

 
520,800

 
526,924

Due after ten years
 
165,127

 
168,283

 
218,695

 
226,703

 
 
4,875,929

 
4,895,378

 
4,257,477

 
4,305,930

Restricted investments
 
170,000

 
169,914

 
170,000

 
170,431

Equity securities
 
790,975

 
926,194

 
510,613

 
556,745

 
 
$
5,836,904

 
5,991,486

 
4,938,090

 
5,033,106

Following is a summary of temporarily impaired AFS securities by the time period impaired as of December 28, 2013 and December 29, 2012:
 
 
Less Than
12 Months
 
12 Months
or Longer
 
Total
 
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
 
(Amounts are in thousands)
 
2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tax exempt bonds
 
$
502,304

 
 
6,710

 
 
106,985

 
 
3,207

 
 
609,289

 
 
9,917

 
Taxable bonds
 
535,233

 
 
3,347

 
 
19,367

 
 
516

 
 
554,600

 
 
3,863

 
Restricted investments
 
169,914

 
 
86

 
 

 
 

 
 
169,914

 
 
86

 
Equity securities
 
31,400

 
 
3,499

 
 
3,152

 
 
401

 
 
34,552

 
 
3,900

 
Total temporarily
impaired AFS securities
 
$
1,238,851

 
 
13,642

 
 
129,504