10-K 1 iiin20140927_10k.htm FORM 10-K iiin20140927_10k.htm

 

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

[X] ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF

THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934  

 

For the fiscal year ended September 27, 2014

 

OR

 

[  ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF

THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                          to                         

 

Commission file number 1-9929

 

INSTEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

North Carolina

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

56-0674867

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

1373 Boggs Drive, Mount Airy, North Carolina 27030

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

 Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (336) 786-2141

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: 

Title of Each Class

Common Stock (No Par Value) (Preferred Share Purchase 

Rights are attached to and trade with the Common Stock)

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

 (NASDAQ Global Select Market)

                         

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

Preferred Share Purchase Rights (attached to and trade with the Common Stock)

Title of Class

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes [  ] No [X]

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. Yes [  ] No [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to the Form 10-K. [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer [ ]

Accelerated filer [X]

Non-accelerated filer   [ ] (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company [ ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes [ ] No [X]

 

As of March 29, 2014 (the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second quarter), the aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $325,108,357 based upon the closing sale price as reported on the NASDAQ Global Select Market. As of October 23, 2014, there were 18,377,251 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Certain portions of the registrant’s proxy statement to be delivered to shareholders in connection with the 2015 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference as set forth in Part III hereof.

  

 
 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
 

 

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

3

     

 PART I

 

Item 1.

Business

4

     

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

 7

     

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

10

     

Item 2.

Properties

10

     

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

 10

     

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

10

     

PART II

     

Item 5.

Market for the Registrant's Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

10

     

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

12

     

Item 7.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

12

     

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

20

     

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

21

     

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

50

     

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

50

     

Item 9B.

Other Information

52

     

PART III

     

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

52

     

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

52

     

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

52

     

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

52

     

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

52

     

PART IV

     

Item 15.

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

52

       

SIGNATURES

54

       

EXHIBIT INDEX

55

 

 
2

 

  

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, particularly in the “Business,” “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” sections of this report. When used in this report, the words “believes,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “estimates,” “appears,” “plans,” “intends,” “may,” “should,” “could” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Although we believe that our plans, intentions and expectations reflected in or suggested by such forward-looking statements are reasonable, they are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, and we can provide no assurances that such plans, intentions or expectations will be achieved. Many of these risks and uncertainties are discussed herein under the caption “Risk Factors” and are updated from time to time in our filings with the United States (“U.S.”) Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). You should carefully review these risk factors.

 

All forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by these cautionary statements. All forward-looking statements speak only to the respective dates on which such statements are made and we do not undertake and specifically decline any obligation to publicly release the results of any revisions to these forward-looking statements that may be made to reflect any future events or circumstances after the date of such statements or to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events, except as may be required by law.

 

It is not possible to anticipate and list all risks and uncertainties that may affect our future operations or financial performance; however, they would include, but are not limited to, the following:

 

 

general economic and competitive conditions in the markets in which we operate;

 

 

the continuation of reduced spending for nonresidential and residential construction and the impact on demand for our products;

 

 

changes in the amount and duration of transportation funding provided by federal, state and local governments and the impact on spending for infrastructure construction and demand for our products;

 

 

the cyclical nature of the steel and building material industries;

 

 

credit market conditions and the relative availability of financing for us, our customers and the construction industry as a whole;

 

 

fluctuations in the cost and availability of our primary raw material, hot-rolled steel wire rod, from domestic and foreign suppliers;

 

 

competitive pricing pressures and our ability to raise selling prices in order to recover increases in wire rod costs;

 

 

changes in U.S. or foreign trade policy affecting imports or exports of steel wire rod or our products;

 

 

unanticipated changes in customer demand, order patterns and inventory levels;

 

 

the impact of weak demand and reduced capacity utilization levels on our unit manufacturing costs;

 

 

our ability to further develop the market for engineered structural mesh (“ESM”) and expand our shipments of ESM;

 

 

legal, environmental, economic or regulatory developments that significantly impact our operating costs;

 

 

unanticipated plant outages, equipment failures or labor difficulties;

 

 

continued escalation in certain of our operating costs;

 

 

the adverse impact of the fire at our Gallatin, Tennessee prestressed concrete strand (“PC strand”) manufacturing facility, including operational interruptions, higher than anticipated repair costs, reduced production levels and lower than anticipated insurance reimbursements;

 

 

potential difficulties that may be encountered in integrating the acquisition of American Spring Wire Corporation’s PC strand business into our existing business and realizing the associated synergies; and

 

 

the risks and uncertainties discussed herein under the caption “Risk Factors.”

  

 
3

 

 

PART I

 

Item 1. Business

 

General

 

Insteel Industries, Inc. (“we,” “us,” “our,” “the Company” or “Insteel”) is the nation’s largest manufacturer of steel wire reinforcing products for concrete construction applications. We manufacture and market PC strand and welded wire reinforcement (“WWR”), including ESM, concrete pipe reinforcement (“CPR”) and standard welded wire reinforcement (“SWWR”). Our products are sold primarily to manufacturers of concrete products that are used in nonresidential construction. For fiscal 2014, we estimate that approximately 85% of our sales were related to nonresidential construction and 15% were related to residential construction.

 

Insteel is the parent holding company for two wholly-owned subsidiaries, Insteel Wire Products Company (“IWP”), an operating subsidiary, and Intercontinental Metals Corporation, an inactive subsidiary. We were incorporated in 1958 in the State of North Carolina.

 

Our business strategy is focused on: (1) achieving leadership positions in our markets; (2) operating as the lowest cost producer; and (3) pursuing growth opportunities in our core businesses that further our penetration of the markets we currently serve or expand our geographic footprint. Headquartered in Mount Airy, North Carolina, we operate eleven manufacturing facilities that are located in the U.S. in close proximity to our customers. Our growth initiatives are focused on organic opportunities as well as acquisitions in existing or related markets that leverage our infrastructure and core competencies in the manufacture and marketing of concrete reinforcing products.

 

On August 15, 2014, we, through our wholly-owned subsidiary, IWP, purchased substantially all of the assets associated with the PC strand business of American Spring Wire Corporation (“ASW”) for an adjusted purchase price of $33.9 million, subject to certain additional post-closing adjustments (the “ASW Acquisition”). ASW manufactured PC strand at facilities located in Houston, Texas and Newnan, Georgia (see Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements). We acquired, among other assets, the accounts receivable and inventories related to ASW’s PC strand business, production equipment at its facility in Houston, Texas and its production equipment and facility in Newnan, Georgia. We also entered into an agreement with ASW pursuant to which we lease the Houston facility with an option to purchase it in the future.

 

Internet Access to Company Information

 

Additional information about us and our filings with the SEC, including our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments thereto, are available at no cost on our web site at http://investor.insteel.com/sec.cfm and the SEC’s web site at www.sec.gov as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. The information available on our web site and the SEC’s web site is not part of this report and shall not be deemed incorporated into any of our SEC filings.

 

Products

 

Our concrete reinforcing products consist of PC strand and WWR.

 

PC strand is a high strength seven-wire strand that is used to impart compression forces into precast concrete elements and structures, which may be either pretensioned or posttensioned, providing reinforcement for bridges, parking decks, buildings and other concrete structures. Pretensioned or “prestressed” concrete elements or structures are primarily used in nonresidential construction while posttensioned concrete elements or structures are used in both nonresidential and residential construction. For 2014, 2013 and 2012, PC strand sales represented 38%, 37% and 37%, respectively, of our net sales.

 

WWR is produced as either a standard or a specially engineered reinforcing product for use in nonresidential and residential construction. We produce a full range of WWR products, including ESM, CPR and SWWR. ESM is an engineered made-to-order product that is used as the primary reinforcement for concrete elements or structures, frequently serving as a replacement for hot-rolled rebar due to the cost advantages that it offers. CPR is an engineered made-to-order product that is used as the primary reinforcement in concrete pipe, box culverts and precast manholes for drainage and sewage systems, water treatment facilities and other related applications. SWWR is a secondary reinforcing product that is produced in standard styles for crack control applications in residential and light nonresidential construction, including driveways, sidewalks and various slab-on-grade applications. For 2014, 2013 and 2012, WWR sales represented 62%, 63% and 63%, respectively, of our net sales.

  

 
4

 

 

Marketing and Distribution

 

We market our products through sales representatives who are our employees. Our outside sales representatives sell multiple product lines in their respective territories, thereby reducing duplication of personnel and travel expenses as compared to the product line sales strategy previously utilized by the Company. Our sales representatives are trained in the technical applications of our products. We sell our products nationwide as well as into Canada, Mexico, and Central and South America, delivering our products primarily by truck, using common or contract carriers. The delivery method selected is dependent upon backhaul opportunities, comparative costs and customer service requirements.

 

Customers

 

We sell our products to a broad range of customers that includes manufacturers of concrete products, and to a lesser extent, distributors, rebar fabricators and contractors. In fiscal 2014, we estimate that approximately 70% of our net sales were to manufacturers of concrete products and 30% were to distributors, rebar fabricators and contractors. In many cases we are unable to identify the specific end use for our products as a high percentage of our customers sell into both the nonresidential and residential construction sectors. There were no customers that represented 10% or more of our net sales in fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012.

 

Backlog 

 

Backlog is minimal for our business because of the relatively short lead times that are required by our customers. We believe that the majority of our firm orders existing on September 27, 2014 will be shipped prior to the end of the first quarter of fiscal 2015.

 

Product Warranties

 

Our products are used in applications which are subject to inherent risks including performance deficiencies, personal injury, property damage, environmental contamination or loss of production. We warrant our products to meet certain specifications and actual or claimed deficiencies from these specifications may give rise to claims, although we do not maintain a reserve for warranties as the historical claims have been immaterial. We maintain product liability insurance coverage to minimize our exposure to such risks.

 

Seasonality and Cyclicality

 

Demand in our markets is both seasonal and cyclical, driven by the level of construction activity, but can also be impacted by fluctuations in the inventory positions of our customers. From a seasonal standpoint, the highest level of shipments within the year typically occurs when weather conditions are the most conducive to construction activity. As a result, shipments and profitability are usually higher in the third and fourth quarters of the fiscal year and lower in the first and second quarters. From a cyclical standpoint, the level of construction activity tends to be correlated with general economic conditions although there can be significant differences between the relative performance of the nonresidential and residential construction sectors for extended periods.

 

Raw Materials

 

The primary raw material used to manufacture our products is hot-rolled carbon steel wire rod, which we purchase from both domestic and foreign suppliers. Wire rod can generally be characterized as a commodity product. We purchase several different grades and sizes of wire rod with varying specifications based on the diameter, chemistry, mechanical properties and metallurgical characteristics that are required for our end products. High carbon grades of wire rod are required for the production of PC strand while low carbon grades are used to manufacture WWR.

 

Pricing for wire rod tends to fluctuate based on both domestic and global market conditions. In most economic environments, domestic demand for wire rod exceeds domestic production capacity and imports of wire rod are necessary to satisfy the supply requirements of the U.S. market. Trade actions initiated by domestic wire rod producers can significantly impact the pricing and availability of imported wire rod, which during fiscal years 2014 and 2013 represented approximately 30% and 25%, respectively, of our total wire rod purchases. We believe that the substantial volume of our wire rod requirements, our strong financial condition and our desirable mix of sizes and grades represents a competitive advantage by making us a more attractive customer to our suppliers relative to our competitors.

 

Our ability to source wire rod from overseas suppliers is limited by domestic content requirements generally referred to as “Buy America” or “Buy American” laws that exist at both the federal and state levels. These laws generally require a domestic “melt and cast” standard for purposes of compliance. Certain segments of the PC strand market and the majority of our CPR and ESM products are certified to customers to be in compliance with the domestic content regulations.

  

 
5

 

 

Selling prices for our products tend to be correlated with changes in wire rod prices. However, the timing and magnitude of the relative price changes varies depending upon market conditions and competitive factors. The relative supply and demand conditions in our markets determine whether our margins expand or contract during periods of rising or falling wire rod prices.

 

 Competition

 

We believe that we are the largest domestic producer of PC strand and WWR. The markets in which our business is conducted are highly competitive. Some of our competitors, such as Nucor Corporation, Keystone Steel & Wire Co., Oklahoma Steel and Wire, and Gerdau Long Products North America, are vertically integrated companies that produce both wire rod and concrete reinforcing products and offer multiple product lines over broad geographic areas. Other competitors are smaller independent companies that offer limited competition in certain markets. Market participants compete on the basis of price, quality and service. Our primary competitors for WWR products are Nucor Corporation, Gerdau Ameristeel Corporation, Engineered Wire Products, Inc., Davis Wire Corporation, Oklahoma Steel & Wire Co., Inc., Concrete Reinforcements Inc. and Wire Mesh Corporation. Our primary competitors for PC strand are Sumiden Wire Products Corporation, Strand-Tech Martin, Inc. and Wire Mesh Corporation. Import competition is also a significant factor in certain segments of the PC strand market.

 

In response to irrationally-priced import competition from offshore PC strand suppliers, we have pursued trade cases when necessary as a means of ensuring that foreign producers were complying with the applicable trade laws and regulations. In 2003, we, together with a coalition of domestic producers of PC strand, obtained a favorable determination from the U.S. Department of Commerce (the “DOC”) in response to the petitions we had filed alleging that imports of PC strand from Brazil, India, Korea, Mexico and Thailand were being “dumped” or sold in the U.S. at a price that was lower than fair value and had injured the domestic PC strand industry. The DOC imposed anti-dumping duties ranging from 12% up to 119%, which had the effect of limiting the participation of these countries in the domestic market. In 2010, we, together with a coalition of domestic producers of PC strand, obtained favorable determinations from the DOC in response to the petitions we had filed alleging that imports of PC strand from China were being “dumped” or sold in the U.S. at a price that was lower than fair value and that subsidies were being provided to Chinese PC strand producers by the Chinese government, both of which had injured the domestic PC strand industry. The DOC imposed final countervailing duty margins ranging from 9% to 46% and anti-dumping margins ranging from 43% to 194%, which had the effect of limiting the continued participation of Chinese producers in the domestic market.

 

Quality and service expectations of customers have risen substantially over the years and are key factors that impact their selection of suppliers. Technology has become a critical competitive factor from the standpoint of manufacturing costs, quality and customer service capabilities. In view of our strong market positions, broad product offering and geographic reach, technologically advanced manufacturing facilities, low cost production capabilities and sophisticated information systems, we believe that we are well-positioned to compete favorably with other producers of our concrete reinforcing products.

 

Employees

 

As of September 27, 2014, we employed 847 people. The Company has no contracts with labor unions and has not experienced any work stoppages. We believe that our relationship with our employees is good. Should we experience a disruption of production, we believe that the contingency plans we have in place would enable us to continue serving our customers, although there can be no assurances that a work slowdown or stoppage would not adversely impact our operating costs and overall financial results.

 

Financial Information

 

For information with respect to revenue, operating profitability and identifiable assets attributable to our business and geographic areas, see the items referenced in Item 6, Selected Financial Data; Item 7, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations; and Note 14 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

Environmental Matters

 

We believe that we are in compliance in all material respects with applicable environmental laws and regulations. We have experienced no material difficulties in complying with legislative or regulatory standards and believe that these standards have not materially impacted our financial position or results of operations. Although our future compliance with additional environmental requirements could necessitate capital outlays, we do not believe that these expenditures would ultimately have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations. We do not expect to incur material capital expenditures for environmental control facilities during fiscal years 2015 and 2016.

  

 
6

 

 

Executive Officers of the Company

 

Our executive officers are as follows:

 

Name

 

Age

 

Position

H.O. Woltz III

 

58

 

President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board

Michael C. Gazmarian

 

55

 

Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

James F. Petelle

 

64

 

Vice President - Administration and Secretary

Richard T. Wagner

 

55

 

Vice President and General Manager of IWP

 

H. O. Woltz III, 58, was elected Chief Executive Officer in 1991 and has been employed by us and our subsidiaries in various capacities since 1978. He was named President and Chief Operating Officer in 1989. He served as our Vice President from 1988 to 1989 and as President of Rappahannock Wire Company, formerly a subsidiary of our Company, from 1981 to 1989. Mr. Woltz has been a Director since 1986 and also serves as President of Insteel Wire Products Company. Mr. Woltz served as President of Florida Wire and Cable, Inc. until its merger with Insteel Wire Products Company in 2002. Mr. Woltz serves on the Executive Committee of our Board of Directors and was elected Chairman of the Board in 2009.

 

Michael C. Gazmarian, 55, was elected Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer in February 2007. He had previously served as Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer since 1994, the year he joined us. Before joining us, Mr. Gazmarian had been employed by Guardian Industries Corp., a privately-held manufacturer of glass, automotive and building products, since 1986, serving in various financial capacities.

 

James F. Petelle, 64, joined us in October 2006. He was elected Vice President and Assistant Secretary on November 14, 2006 and Vice President - Administration and Secretary on January 12, 2007. He was previously employed by Andrew Corporation, a publicly-held manufacturer of telecommunications infrastructure equipment, having served as Secretary from 1990 to May 2006, and Vice President - Law from 2000 to October 2006.

 

Richard T. Wagner, 55, joined us in 1992 and has served as Vice President and General Manager of the Concrete Reinforcing Products Business Unit of the Company’s subsidiary, Insteel Wire Products Company, since 1998. In February 2007, Mr. Wagner was appointed Vice President of the parent company, Insteel Industries, Inc. Prior to 1992, Mr. Wagner served in various positions with Florida Wire and Cable, Inc., a manufacturer of PC strand and galvanized strand products, since 1977.

 

The executive officers listed above were elected by our Board of Directors at its annual meeting held February 12, 2014 for a term that will expire at the next annual meeting of the Board of Directors or until their successors are elected and qualify. The next meeting at which officers will be elected is expected to be February 17, 2015.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

You should carefully consider all of the information set forth in this annual report on Form 10-K, including the following risk factors, before investing in any of our securities. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties that are currently unknown to us or that we currently consider to be immaterial may also impair our business or adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations. We may amend or supplement these risk factors from time to time by other future reports and statements that we file with the SEC.

 

Our business is cyclical and can be negatively impacted by prolonged economic downturns or reduced availability of financing in the credit markets that reduce the level of construction activity and demand for our products.

 

Demand for our concrete reinforcing products is cyclical in nature and sensitive to changes in the economy and in the availability of financing in the credit markets. Our products are sold primarily to manufacturers of concrete products for the construction industry and used for a broad range of nonresidential and residential construction applications. Demand in these markets is driven by the level of construction activity, which tends to be correlated with conditions in the general economy as well as other factors beyond our control. Tightening in the credit markets could unfavorably impact demand for our products by reducing the availability of financing to our customers and the construction industry as a whole. Future prolonged periods of economic weakness or reduced availability of financing could have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

 

Our business can be negatively impacted by reductions in the amount and duration of government funding for infrastructure projects that reduce the level of construction activity and demand for our products.

 

Certain of our products are used in the construction of highways, bridges and other infrastructure projects that are funded by federal, state and local governments. Reductions in the amount of funding for such projects or the period for which it is provided could have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

  

 
7

 

 

Our operations are subject to seasonal fluctuations that may impact our cash flow. 

 

Our shipments are generally lower in the first and second quarters primarily due to the unfavorable impact of winter weather conditions on construction activity and customer plant shutdowns associated with holidays. As a result, our cash flow from operations may vary from quarter to quarter due to these seasonal factors.

 

Demand for our products is highly variable and difficult to forecast due to our minimal backlog and the unanticipated changes that can occur in customer order patterns or inventory levels.

 

Demand for our products is highly variable. The short lead times for customer orders and minimal backlog that characterize our business make it difficult to forecast the future level of demand for our products. In some cases, unanticipated downturns in demand can be exacerbated by inventory reduction measures pursued by our customers. The combination of these factors may cause significant fluctuations in our sales, profitability and cash flows.

 

Our customers may be adversely affected by negative macroeconomic conditions and tightening in the credit markets.

 

Negative macroeconomic conditions and tightening in the credit markets could limit the ability of our customers to fund their financing requirements, thereby reducing their purchasing volume with us. Furthermore, a reduction in the availability of credit may increase the risk of customers defaulting on their payment obligations to us. The occurrence of these events could materially and adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our financial results can be negatively impacted by the volatility in the cost and availability of our primary raw material, hot-rolled carbon steel wire rod.

 

The primary raw material used to manufacture our products is hot-rolled carbon steel wire rod, which we purchase from both domestic and foreign suppliers. We do not use derivative commodity instruments to hedge our exposure to changes in the price of wire rod as such instruments are currently unavailable in the financial markets. Beginning in fiscal 2004, a tightening of supply in the rod market together with fluctuations in the raw material costs of rod producers resulted in increased price volatility which has continued through most of fiscal 2014. In response to the increased pricing volatility, wire rod producers have resorted to increasing the frequency of price adjustments, typically on a monthly basis as well as unilaterally changing the terms of prior commitments.

 

Although changes in our wire rod costs and selling prices tend to be correlated, depending upon market conditions, there may be periods during which we are unable to fully recover increased rod costs through higher selling prices, which would reduce our earnings and cash flow from operations. Additionally, should raw material costs decline, our financial results may be negatively impacted if the selling prices for our products decrease to an even greater degree and to the extent that we are consuming higher cost material from inventory.

 

Our financial results can also be significantly impacted if raw material supplies are inadequate to satisfy our purchasing requirements. In addition, trade actions by domestic wire rod producers against offshore suppliers can have a substantial impact on the availability and cost of imported wire rod. The imposition of anti-dumping or countervailing duty margins by the DOC against exporting countries can have the effect of reducing or eliminating their activity in the domestic market, which is of increasing significance in view of the reductions in domestic wire rod production capacity that have occurred in recent years. If we were unable to obtain adequate and timely delivery of our raw material requirements, we may be unable to manufacture sufficient quantities of our products or operate our manufacturing facilities in an efficient manner, which could result in lost sales and higher operating costs.

 

Foreign competition could adversely impact our financial results.

 

Our PC strand business is subject to offshore import competition on an ongoing basis in that domestic production capacity is insufficient to satisfy domestic demand in most market environments. If we are unable to purchase raw materials and achieve manufacturing costs that are competitive with those of foreign producers, or if the margin and return requirements of foreign producers are substantially lower, our market share and profit margins could be negatively impacted. In response to irrationally-priced import competition from offshore PC strand suppliers, we have pursued trade cases when necessary as a means of ensuring that foreign producers were complying with the applicable trade laws and regulations. These trade cases have resulted in the imposition of duties which have had the effect of limiting the continued participation of certain countries in the domestic market. Trade law enforcement is critical to our ability to maintain our competitive position against foreign PC strand producers that engage in unlawful trade practices.

  

 
8

 

 

Our manufacturing facilities are subject to unexpected equipment failures, operational interruptions and casualty losses.

 

Our manufacturing facilities are subject to risks that may limit our ability to manufacture products, including unexpected equipment failures and catastrophic losses due to other unanticipated events such as fires, explosions, accidents, adverse weather conditions and transportation interruptions. Any such equipment failures or events can subject us to material plant shutdowns, periods of reduced production or unexpected downtime. Furthermore, the resolution of certain operational interruptions may require significant capital expenditures. Although our insurance coverage could offset the losses or expenditures relating to some of these events, our results of operations and cash flows could be negatively impacted to the extent that such claims were not covered or only partially covered by our insurance.

 

Our financial results could be adversely impacted by the continued escalation in certain of our operating costs.

 

Our employee benefit costs, particularly our medical and workers’ compensation costs, have increased substantially in recent years and are expected to continue to rise. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 will have a significant impact on employers, health care providers, insurers and others associated with the health care industry and is expected to increase our employee health care costs. This legislation requires certain large employers to offer health care benefits to full-time employees or face potential annual penalties. To avoid these penalties, employers must offer health benefits providing a minimum level of coverage and must limit the amount that employees are charged for the coverage. Provisions of this law have become and will become effective at various dates over the next several years and many of the regulations and guidance for the law have not been implemented. Due to the breadth and complexity of this law, the lack of implementing regulations and interpretive guidance and the phased-in nature of the requirement, we cannot predict the future effect of this law on our results. Any significant increases in the costs attributable to our self-insured health plans could adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

In addition, higher prices for natural gas, electricity, fuel and consumables increase our manufacturing and distribution costs. Most of our sales are made under terms whereby we incur the fuel costs and surcharges associated with the delivery of products to our customers. Although we have implemented numerous measures to offset the impact of the ongoing escalation in these costs, there can be no assurance that such actions will be effective. If we are unable to pass these additional costs through by raising selling prices, our financial results could be adversely impacted. 

 

We may experience difficulties in integrating the ASW Acquisition and realizing the anticipated synergies, which could have a negative impact on our financial results.

 

There could be delays, disruptions or other unexpected challenges that arise in connection with the integration of the ASW Acquisition and realization of the anticipated synergies. If we were unable to effectively resolve these delays, disruptions or other challenges, we could fail to effectively integrate the ASW Acquisition and realize the anticipated synergies, which may have a material adverse impact on our operating results and financial condition.

 

Our financial results could be adversely impacted by the impairment of goodwill.

 

Our balance sheet includes intangible assets, including goodwill and other separately identifiable assets primarily related to the ASW Acquisition. We may acquire additional intangible assets in connection with future acquisitions as part of our business strategy. We are required to review goodwill for impairment on an annual basis, or more frequently if certain indicators of permanent impairment arise such as, among other things, a decline in our stock price and market capitalization and lower than projected operating results and cash flows. If our review determined that goodwill is impaired, the impaired portion would have to be written-off during that period which could have an adverse effect on our business and financial results.

 

Our capital resources may not be adequate to provide for our capital investment and maintenance expenditures if we were to experience a substantial downturn in our financial performance. 

 

Our operations are capital intensive and require substantial recurring expenditures for the routine maintenance of our equipment and facilities. Although we expect to finance our business requirements through internally generated funds or from borrowings under our $100.0 million revolving credit facility, we cannot provide any assurances these resources will be sufficient to support our business. A material adverse change in our operations or financial condition could limit our ability to borrow funds under our credit facility, which could further adversely impact our liquidity and financial condition. Any significant future acquisitions could require additional financing from external sources that may not be available on favorable terms, which could adversely impact our operations, growth plans, financial condition and results of operations.

  

 
9

 

 

Environmental compliance and remediation could result in substantially increased capital investments and operating costs.

 

Our business is subject to numerous federal, state and local laws and regulations pertaining to the protection of the environment that could require substantial increases in capital investments and operating costs. These laws and regulations, which are constantly evolving, are becoming increasingly stringent and the ultimate impact of compliance is not always clearly known or determinable because regulations under some of these laws have not yet been promulgated or are undergoing revision.

 

Our stock price can be volatile, often in connection with matters beyond our control.

 

Equity markets in the U.S. have been increasingly volatile in recent years. During fiscal 2014, our common stock traded as high as $24.26 and as low as $15.45. There are numerous factors that could cause the price of our common stock to fluctuate significantly, including: variations in our quarterly and annual operating results; changes in our business outlook; changes in market valuations of companies in our industry; changes in the expectations for nonresidential and residential construction; and announcements by us, our competitors or industry participants that may be perceived to impact us or our operations.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

 

None.

 

Item 2. Properties.

 

Insteel’s corporate headquarters and IWP’s sales and administrative offices are located in Mount Airy, North Carolina. At September 27, 2014, we operated eleven manufacturing facilities located in Dayton, Texas; Gallatin, Tennessee; Hazleton, Pennsylvania; Hickman, Kentucky; Houston, Texas; Jacksonville, Florida; Kingman, Arizona; Mount Airy, North Carolina; Newnan, Georgia; Sanderson, Florida; and St. Joseph, Missouri.

 

We own all of our real estate except for the facility located in Houston, Texas which we currently lease from ASW with an option to purchase in the future. We believe that our properties are in good operating condition and that our machinery and equipment have been well maintained. We also believe that our manufacturing facilities are suitable for their intended purposes and have capacities adequate to satisfy the current and projected needs for our existing products.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings. 

 

We are, from time to time, involved in various lawsuits, claims, investigations and proceedings, including commercial, environmental and employment matters, which arise in the ordinary course of business. We do not anticipate that the ultimate cost to resolve these other matters will have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not applicable.

 

 

PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

 

Our common stock is listed on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “IIIN” and has been trading on NASDAQ since September 28, 2004. As of October 20, 2014, there were 689 shareholders of record. The following table summarizes the high and low sales prices as reported on the NASDAQ Global Select Market and the cash dividend per share declared in fiscal 2014 and 2013:

 

   

Fiscal 2014

   

Fiscal 2013

 
   

High

   

Low

   

Cash

Dividends

   

High

   

Low

   

Cash

Dividends

 

First Quarter

  $ 23.18     $ 15.45     $ 0.03     $ 12.67     $ 10.53     $ 0.28  

Second Quarter

    23.04       17.91       0.03       17.22       11.79       0.03  

Third Quarter

    24.26       18.66       0.03       19.37       14.01       0.03  

Fourth Quarter

    24.25       18.17       0.03       18.21       15.18       0.03  

 

 
10

 

 

We currently pay a quarterly cash dividend of $0.03 per share. While we intend to pay regular quarterly cash dividends for the foreseeable future, the declaration and payment of future dividends, if any, are discretionary and will be subject to determination by the Board of Directors each quarter after taking into account various factors, including general business conditions and our financial condition, operating results, cash requirements and expansion plans. See Note 8 of the consolidated financial statements for additional discussion with respect to restrictions on our ability to make dividend payments under the terms of our revolving credit facility.

 

Stock Performance Graph

 

The line graph below compares the cumulative total shareholder return on our common stock with the cumulative total return of the Russell 2000 Index and the S&P Building Products Index for the five years ended September 27, 2014. The graph and table assume that $100 was invested on October 3, 2009 in each of our common stock, the Russell 2000 Index and the S&P Building Products Index, and that all dividends were reinvested. Cumulative total shareholder returns for our common stock, the Russell 2000 Index and the S&P Building Products Index are based on our fiscal year.

 

 

   

Fiscal Year Ended

 
   

10/3/09

   

10/2/10

   

10/1/11

   

9/29/12

   

9/28/13

   

9/27/14

 

Insteel Industries, Inc.

    100.00       77.60       88.38       104.07       146.02       192.51  

Russell 2000

    100.00       113.35       109.35       144.24       187.59       194.96  

S&P Building Products

    100.00       87.15       57.70       125.38       180.37       207.24  

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

On November 18, 2008, our Board of Directors approved a share repurchase authorization to buy back up to $25.0 million of our outstanding common stock. Repurchases may be made from time to time in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions subject to market conditions, applicable legal requirements and other factors. We are not obligated to acquire any particular amount of common stock and may commence or suspend the program at any time at our discretion without prior notice. The share repurchase authorization continues in effect until terminated by the Board of Directors. As of September 27, 2014, there was $24.8 million remaining available for future share repurchases under this authorization. We did not repurchase any shares of our common stock during fiscal 2014 and 2013.

 

Rights Agreement 

 

On April 21, 2009, the Board of Directors adopted Amendment No. 1 to Rights Agreement, effective April 25, 2009, amending the Rights Agreement dated as of April 27, 1999 between us and American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC, successor to First Union National Bank. Amendment No. 1 and the Rights Agreement are hereinafter collectively referred to as the “Rights Agreement.” In connection with adopting the Rights Agreement, on April 26, 1999, the Board of Directors declared a dividend distribution of one right per share of our outstanding common stock as of May 17, 1999. The Rights Agreement also provides that one right will attach to each share of our common stock issued after May 17, 1999. Each right entitles the registered holder to purchase from us on certain dates described in the Rights Agreement one two-hundredths of a share (a “Unit”) of our Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock at a purchase price of $46 per Unit, subject to adjustment as described in the Rights Agreement. For more information regarding our Rights Agreement, see Note 18 to the consolidated financial statements.

  

 
11

 

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data.

 

Financial Highlights

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

   

Year Ended

 
   

(52 weeks)

   

(52 weeks)

   

(52 weeks)

   

(52 weeks)

   

(52 weeks)

 
   

September 27,

   

September 28,

   

September 29,

   

October 1,

   

October 2,

 
   

2014

   

2013

   

2012

   

2011

   

2010

 

Net sales

  $ 408,978     $ 363,896     $ 363,303     $ 336,909     $ 211,586  

Earnings (loss) from continuing operations

    16,641       11,735       1,809       (387 )     458  

Net earnings (loss)

    16,641       11,735       1,809       (387 )     473  
Earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations (basic)     0.91       0.65       0.10       (0.02 )     0.03  
Earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations (diluted)     0.89       0.64       0.10       (0.02 )     0.03  

Net earnings (loss) per share (basic)

    0.91       0.65       0.10       (0.02 )     0.03  

Net earnings (loss) per share (diluted)

    0.89       0.64       0.10       (0.02 )     0.03  

Cash dividends declared

    0.12       0.37       0.12       0.12       0.12  

Total assets

    256,795       212,649       208,552       216,530       182,505  

Total debt

    -       -       11,475       14,156       -  

Shareholders’ equity

    178,883       161,056       149,500       148,474       147,876  

 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The matters discussed in this section include forward-looking statements that are subject to numerous risks. You should carefully read the “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors” in this Form 10-K.

 

Overview

 

Our operations are entirely focused on the manufacture and marketing of concrete reinforcing products for the concrete construction industry. Our business strategy is focused on: (1) achieving leadership positions in our markets; (2) operating as the lowest cost producer; and (3) pursuing growth opportunities within our core businesses that further our penetration of the markets we currently serve or expand our geographic footprint.

 

On August 15, 2014, we, through our wholly-owned subsidiary, IWP, purchased substantially all of the assets associated with the PC strand business of ASW for an adjusted purchase price of $33.9 million, subject to certain additional post-closing adjustments. ASW manufactured PC strand at facilities located in Houston, Texas and Newnan, Georgia (see Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements). We acquired, among other assets, the accounts receivable and inventories related to ASW’s PC strand business, the production equipment at its facility in Houston, Texas and its production equipment and facility in Newnan, Georgia. We also entered into an agreement pursuant to which we lease the Houston facility from ASW with an option to purchase it in the future.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

Our financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on these financial statements. The preparation of our financial statements requires the application of these accounting principles in addition to certain estimates and judgments based on current available information, actuarial estimates, historical results and other assumptions believed to be reasonable. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

Following is a discussion of our most critical accounting policies, which are those that are both important to the depiction of our financial condition and results of operations and that require judgments, assumptions and estimates.

 

Revenue recognition. We recognize revenue from product sales when products are shipped and risk of loss and title has passed to the customer. Sales taxes collected from customers are recorded on a net basis and as such, are excluded from revenue.

  

 
12

 

 

Concentration of credit risk. Financial instruments that subject us to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents and trade accounts receivable. Our cash is concentrated primarily at one financial institution, which at times exceeds federally insured limits. We are exposed to credit risk in the event of default by institutions in which our cash and cash equivalents are held and by customers to the extent of the amounts recorded on the balance sheet. We invest excess cash primarily in money market funds, which are highly liquid securities that bear minimal risk.

 

Most of our accounts receivable are due from customers that are located in the U.S. and we generally require no collateral depending upon the creditworthiness of the account. We provide an allowance for doubtful accounts based upon our assessment of the credit risk of specific customers, historical trends and other information. There is no disproportionate concentration of credit risk.

 

Allowance for doubtful accounts. We maintain allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the potential inability of our customers to make required payments on outstanding balances owed to us. Significant management judgments and estimates are used in establishing the allowances. These judgments and estimates consider such factors as customers' financial position, cash flows and payment history as well as current and expected business conditions. It is reasonably likely that actual collections will differ from our estimates, which may result in increases or decreases in the allowances. Adjustments to the allowances may also be required if there are significant changes in the financial condition of our customers.

 

Inventory valuation. We periodically evaluate the carrying value of our inventory. This evaluation includes assessing the adequacy of allowances to cover losses in the normal course of operations, providing for excess and obsolete inventory, and ensuring that inventory is valued at the lower of cost or estimated net realizable value. Our evaluation considers such factors as the cost of inventory, future demand, our historical experience and market conditions. In assessing the realization of inventory values, we are required to make judgments and estimates regarding future market conditions. Because of the subjective nature of these judgments and estimates, it is reasonably likely that actual outcomes will differ from our estimates. Adjustments to these reserves may be required if actual market conditions for our products are substantially different than the assumptions underlying our estimates.

 

Long-lived assets. We review long-lived assets, which consist principally of property, plant and equipment and finite-lived intangibles, for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the asset may not be fully recoverable. Recoverability of long-lived assets to be held and used is measured based on the future net undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the related asset or asset group. If it is determined that an impairment loss has been incurred, the impairment loss is recognized in the period in which it is incurred and is calculated based on the difference between the carrying value and the present value of estimated future net cash flows or comparable market values. Assets to be disposed of by sale are recorded at the lower of carrying value or fair value less selling cost when we have committed to a disposal plan, and are reported separately as assets held for sale on our balance sheet. Unforeseen events and changes in circumstances and market conditions could negatively affect the value of assets and result in an impairment charge.

 

Goodwill. Goodwill is tested annually for impairment and whenever events or circumstances change that would make it more likely than not that an impairment may have occurred. We perform our annual impairment analysis as of the first day of the fourth quarter each fiscal year, which involves comparing the current estimated fair value of each reporting unit to its recorded value, including goodwill.

 

We will perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. It may be necessary to perform a quantitative analysis where a discounted cash flow model is used to determine the current estimated fair value of the reporting unit. Key assumptions used to determine the fair value of the reporting unit as part of our annual testing (and any required interim testing) include: (a) expected cash flow for the five-year period following the testing date; (b) an estimated terminal value using a terminal year growth rate based on the growth prospects of the reporting unit; (c) a discount rate based on our estimated after-tax weighted average cost of capital; and (d) a probability-weighted scenario approach by which varying cash flows are assigned to alternative scenarios based on their likelihood of occurrence. In developing these assumptions, we consider historical and anticipated future results, general economic and market conditions, the impact of planned business and operational strategies and all available information at the time the fair value of the reporting unit is estimated.

 

We will monitor operating results within the reporting unit throughout the upcoming year to determine if events or changes in circumstances warrant any interim impairment testing. Otherwise, the reporting unit will be subject to the required annual impairment test during our fourth quarter of fiscal 2015. Changes in the judgments and estimates underlying our analysis of goodwill for possible impairment, including the expected future operating cash flows and discount rate, could reduce the estimated fair value of our reporting unit in the future and result in an impairment of goodwill.

  

 
13

 

 

Self-insurance. We are self-insured for certain losses relating to medical and workers’ compensation claims. Self-insurance claims filed and claims incurred but not reported are accrued based upon our estimates of the discounted ultimate cost for uninsured claims incurred using actuarial assumptions followed by the insurance industry and historical experience. These estimates are subject to a high degree of variability based upon future inflation rates, litigation trends, changes in benefit levels and claim settlement patterns. Because of uncertainties related to these factors as well as the possibility of changes in the underlying facts and circumstances, future adjustments to these reserves may be required.

 

Litigation. From time to time, we may be involved in claims, lawsuits and other proceedings. The eventual outcome of such matters and the potential losses that we may ultimately incur are subject to a high degree of uncertainty. We record expenses for litigation when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. We estimate the probability of such losses based on the advice of legal counsel, the outcome of similar litigation, the status of the lawsuits and other factors. Due to the numerous factors that enter into these judgments and assumptions, it is reasonably likely that actual outcomes will differ from our estimates. We monitor our potential exposure to these contingencies on a regular basis and may adjust our estimates as additional information becomes available or as there are significant developments.

 

Stock-based compensation. We account for stock-based compensation arrangements, including stock option grants, restricted stock awards and restricted stock units, in accordance with the provisions of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 718, Compensation - Stock Compensation. Under these provisions, compensation cost is recognized based on the fair value of equity awards on the date of grant. The compensation cost is then amortized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. We use the Monte Carlo valuation model to determine the fair value of stock options at the date of grant, which requires us to make assumptions such as expected term, volatility and forfeiture rates to determine the stock options’ fair value. These assumptions are based on historical information and judgment regarding market factors and trends. If actual results differ from our assumptions and judgments used in estimating these factors, future adjustments to these estimates may be required.

 

Assumptions for employee benefit plansWe account for our defined employee benefit plans, the Insteel Wire Products Company Retirement Income Plan for Hourly Employees, Wilmington, Delaware (the “Delaware Plan”) and the supplemental employee retirement plans (each, a “SERP”) in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 715, Compensation - Retirement Benefits. Under the provisions of ASC Topic 715, we recognize net periodic pension costs and value pension assets or liabilities based on certain actuarial assumptions, principally the assumed discount rate and the assumed long-term rate of return on plan assets.

 

The discount rates we utilize for determining net periodic pension costs and the related benefit obligations for our plans are based, in part, on current interest rates earned on long-term bonds that receive one of the two highest ratings assigned by recognized rating agencies. Our discount rate assumptions are adjusted as of each valuation date to reflect current interest rates on such long-term bonds. The discount rates are used to determine the actuarial present value of the benefit obligations as of the valuation date as well as the interest component of the net periodic pension cost for the following year. The discount rate for the Delaware Plan and SERPs was 4.25%, 4.75% and 4.00% for 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

 

The assumed long-term rate of return on plan assets for the Delaware Plan represents the estimated average rate of return expected to be earned on the funds invested or to be invested in the plan’s assets to fund the benefit payments inherent in the projected benefit obligations. Unlike the discount rate, which is adjusted each year based on changes in current long-term interest rates, the assumed long-term rate of return on plan assets will not necessarily change based upon the actual short-term performance of the plan assets in any given year. The amount of net periodic pension cost or benefit that is recorded each year is based on the assumed long-term rate of return on plan assets for the plan and the actual fair value of the plan assets as of the beginning of the year. We regularly review our actual asset allocation and, when appropriate, rebalance the investments in the plan to more accurately reflect the targeted allocation.

 

For 2014, 2013 and 2012, the assumed long-term rate of return utilized for the Delaware Plan assets was 8%. We currently expect to use the same assumed rate for the long-term return on plan assets in 2015. In determining the appropriateness of this assumption, we considered the historical rate of return on the plan assets, the current and projected asset mix, our investment objectives and information provided by our third-party investment advisors.

 

The projected benefit obligations and net periodic pension cost for the SERPs are based in part on expected increases in future compensation levels. Our assumption for the expected increase in future compensation levels is based upon our average historical experience and our intentions regarding future compensation increases, which generally approximates average long-term inflation rates.

  

 
14

 

 

Assumed discount rates and rates of return on plan assets are reevaluated annually. Changes in these assumptions can result in the recognition of materially different pension costs over different periods and materially different asset and liability amounts in our consolidated financial statements. A reduction in the assumed discount rate generally results in an actuarial loss, as the actuarially-determined present value of estimated future benefit payments will increase. Conversely, an increase in the assumed discount rate generally results in an actuarial gain. In addition, an actual return on plan assets for a given year that is greater than the assumed return on plan assets results in an actuarial gain, while an actual return on plan assets that is less than the assumed return results in an actuarial loss. Other actual outcomes that differ from previous assumptions, such as individuals living longer or shorter lives than assumed in the mortality tables that are also used to determine the actuarially-determined present value of estimated future benefit payments, changes in such mortality tables themselves or plan amendments will also result in actuarial losses or gains. Under GAAP, actuarial gains and losses are deferred and amortized into income over future periods based upon the expected average remaining service life of the active plan participants (for plans for which benefits are still being earned by active employees) or the average remaining life expectancy of the inactive participants (for plans for which benefits are not still being earned by active employees). However, any actuarial gains generated in future periods reduce the negative amortization effect of any cumulative unamortized actuarial losses, while any actuarial losses generated in future periods reduce the favorable amortization effect of any cumulative unamortized actuarial gains.

  

The amounts recognized as net periodic pension cost and as pension assets or liabilities are based upon the actuarial assumptions discussed above. We believe that all of the actuarial assumptions used for determining the net periodic pension costs and pension assets or liabilities related to the Delaware Plan are reasonable and appropriate. The funding requirements for the Delaware Plan are based upon applicable regulations, and will generally differ from the amount of pension cost recognized under ASC Topic 715 for financial reporting purposes. During 2014, 2013 and 2012, we made contributions totaling $240,000, $307,000 and $206,000, respectively, to the Delaware Plan.

 

We currently expect net periodic pension (benefit) cost for 2015 to be ($8,000) for the Delaware Plan and $644,000 for the SERPs. Cash contributions to the plans during 2015 are expected to be $261,000 for the Delaware Plan and $290,000 for the SERPs.

 

 A 0.25% decrease in the assumed discount rate for the Delaware Plan would have increased our projected and accumulated benefit obligations as of September 27, 2014 by approximately $85,000 and have no impact on our expected net periodic pension benefit for 2015. A 0.25% decrease in the assumed discount rate for our SERPs would have increased our projected and accumulated benefit obligations as of September 27, 2014 by approximately $241,000 and $190,000, respectively, and our expected net periodic pension cost for 2015 by approximately $21,000.

 

A 0.25% decrease in the assumed long-term rate of return on plan assets for the Delaware Plan would have reduced our expected net periodic pension benefit for 2015 by approximately $6,000.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements.

 

Current Adoptions

 

In February 2013, the FASB issued ASU No. 2013-02 “Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income.” ASU No. 2013-02 requires an entity to disaggregate the total change of each component of other comprehensive income either on the face of the income statement or as a separate disclosure in the notes. We adopted ASU No. 2013-02 in the first quarter of fiscal 2014. The adoption of this update did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Future Adoptions

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” which will supersede nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under GAAP. ASU No. 2014-09 provides that an entity recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. This update also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments, and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. ASU No. 2014-09 allows for either full retrospective or modified retrospective adoption and will become effective for us in the first quarter of fiscal 2018. We are evaluating the alternative transition methods and the potential effects of the adoption of this update on our consolidated financial statements.

 

 
15

 

 

Results of Operations

 

Statements of Operations – Selected Data

(Dollars in thousands)

 

   

Year Ended

 
   

September 27,

           

September 28,

           

September 29,

 
   

2014

   

Change

   

2013

   

Change

   

2012

 

Net sales

  $ 408,978       12.4 %   $ 363,896       0.2 %   $ 363,303  

Gross profit

    48,773       24.3 %     39,233       74.7 %     22,458  

Percentage of net sales

    11.9 %             10.8 %             6.2 %

Selling, general and administrative expense

  $ 23,371       13.0 %   $ 20,682       9.4 %   $ 18,911  

Percentage of net sales

    5.7 %             5.7 %             5.2 %

Gain on early extinguishment of debt

  $ -    

-

    $ -    

(100.0

%)   (425 )

Restructuring charges, net

    1,247    

N/M

      -       (100.0 %)     832  

Acquisition costs

    612    

N/M

      -       -       -  
Other expense (income), net     (1,907 )   N/M       333       N/M       (188 )

Interest expense

    252       7.2 %     235       (62.3 %)     623  

Interest income

    (10 )     (28.6 %)     (14 )     (33.3 %)     (21 )

Effective income tax rate

    34.0 %             34.8 %             33.6 %

Net earnings

  $ 16,641       41.8 %   $ 11,735    

N/M

    $ 1,809  

 

"N/M" = not meaningful                    

 

2014 Compared with 2013

 

Net Sales

 

Net sales increased 12.4% to $409.0 million in 2014 from $363.9 million in 2013. Shipments for the year increased 12.8% while average selling prices decreased 0.3% from the prior year levels. The increase in shipments was primarily due to improved market conditions and increased demand for our products relative to the prior year as well as the addition of the ASW facilities for a portion of our fourth quarter. Sales for both years reflect depressed volumes on an absolute basis relative to the prerecession levels in our construction end-markets.

 

Gross Profit

 

Gross profit increased 24.3% to $48.8 million, or 11.9% of net sales, in 2014 from $39.2 million, or 10.8% of net sales, in 2013. The year-over-year increase was primarily due to wider spreads between average selling prices and raw material costs ($6.8 million) and higher shipments ($5.4 million), partially offset by higher unit conversion costs ($1.2 million). The increase in spreads was driven by lower raw material costs ($8.5 million) partially offset by lower average selling prices ($1.4 million) and higher freight expense ($0.3 million). Gross profit for both years was unfavorably impacted by depressed shipment volumes and elevated unit conversion costs largely driven by reduced operating schedules.

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

 

Selling, general and administrative expense (“SG&A expense”) increased 13.0% to $23.4 million, or 5.7% of net sales, in 2014 from $20.7 million, or 5.7% of net sales, in 2013 primarily due to increases in compensation ($1.7 million), employee benefits ($0.3 million), amortization of intangible assets ($0.3 million) and bad debt expense ($0.2 million). The increase in compensation expense was primarily driven by higher incentive plan expense due to our improved financial results in the current year. The increase in employee benefits expense was primarily due to higher employee health insurance costs during 2014. The higher amortization expense is related to the additional intangible assets that were acquired in connection with the ASW Acquisition. The increase in bad debt expense was due to an adjustment to the allowance for doubtful accounts driven by the increase in sales and accounts receivable.

 

Restructuring Charges, Net

 

Net restructuring charges of $1.2 million were incurred in 2014 for employee separation costs associated with staffing reductions that were implemented in connection with the ASW Acquisition.

 

Acquisition Costs

 

Acquisition costs of $0.6 million were incurred in 2014 for legal, accounting and other professional fees related to the ASW Acquisition. The accounting requirements for business combinations require the expensing of acquisition costs in the period in which they are incurred.

 

Other Expense (Income)

 

Other income for 2014 was $1.9 million compared to $0.3 million of other expense in 2013. The other income for the current year was primarily due to the net gain from insurance proceeds attributable to the replacement of property and equipment damaged in the fire at our Gallatin, Tennessee PC strand manufacturing facility. Other expense for 2013 was primarily due to a net loss on the disposal of equipment.

 

Interest Expense

 

Interest expense increased 7.2% to $252,000 in 2014 from $235,000 in 2013 primarily due to higher average debt outstanding during 2014.

  

 
16

 

 

Income Taxes

 

Our effective income tax rate was 34.0% in 2014 compared with 34.8% in 2013 due to changes in permanent book versus tax differences.

 

Net Earnings

 

Net earnings increased to $16.6 million ($0.89 per diluted share) in 2014 from $11.7 million ($0.64 per diluted share) in 2013 primarily due to the increase in gross profit partially offset by higher SG&A expense together with the acquisition costs and restructuring charges associated with the ASW Acquisition.

 

2013 Compared with 2012

 

Net Sales

 

Net sales for 2013 were relatively flat at $363.9 million compared with $363.3 million in 2012. Shipments for 2013 increased 4.6% while average selling prices decreased 4.3% from the prior year levels. The increase in shipments was primarily due to modest improvement in market conditions and demand for our products relative to 2012. The decrease in average selling prices was driven by competitive pricing pressures. Sales for both years reflect severely depressed volumes due to the continuation of recessionary conditions in our construction end-markets.

 

Gross Profit

 

Gross profit increased 74.7% to $39.2 million, or 10.8% of net sales, in 2013 from $22.5 million, or 6.2% of net sales, in 2012. The year-over-year increase was primarily due to wider spreads between average selling prices and raw material costs ($15.0 million), higher shipments ($1.5 million) and lower unit conversion costs ($0.8 million). The increase in spreads was driven by lower raw material costs ($31.1 million) and freight expense ($0.2 million) partially offset by lower average selling prices ($16.3 million). Gross profit for both years was unfavorably impacted by depressed shipment volumes and elevated unit conversion costs largely due to reduced operating schedules.

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

 

SG&A expense increased 9.4% to $20.7 million, or 5.7% of net sales, in 2013 from $18.9 million, or 5.2% of net sales, in 2012 primarily due to higher compensation expense ($1.5 million), a reduction in the gain on the settlement of life insurance policies ($460,000) and the relative year-over-year change in the cash surrender value of life insurance policies ($155,000). The increase in compensation expense was primarily driven by higher incentive plan expense due to our improved financial results in 2013. The cash surrender value of life insurance policies increased $555,000 in 2013 compared with $710,000 in 2012 due to the related changes in the value of the underlying investments. These increases in SG&A expense were partially offset by lower bad debt expense ($551,000).

 

Gain on Early Extinguishment of Debt

 

A gain on the early extinguishment of debt of $425,000 was recorded in 2012 for the discount on our prepayment of the remaining balance outstanding on the subordinated note that was issued in connection with the acquisition of Ivy Steel and Wire, Inc. (“Ivy”) in 2011 (“Ivy Acquisition”).

 

Restructuring Charges, Net

 

Net restructuring charges of $832,000 were recorded in 2012, which included $744,000 for equipment relocation costs and $139,000 for facility closure costs less $11,000 of net proceeds from the sale of decommissioned equipment and a $40,000 adjustment related to the remaining employee separation costs associated with plant closures and other staffing reductions.

 

Other Expense (Income)

 

Other expense for 2013 was $333,000 compared to $188,000 of other income in 2012. The other expense for 2013 was primarily due to the net loss on the disposal of equipment.

 

Interest Expense

 

Interest expense decreased 62.3% to $235,000 in 2013 from $623,000 in 2012 primarily due to the reduction in average debt outstanding during 2013 and the lower interest rate on borrowings on the revolving credit facility relative to the secured subordinated promissory note associated with the Ivy Acquisition that was outstanding in 2012 prior to its prepayment in December 2011.

  

 
17

 

 

Income Taxes

 

Our effective income tax rate was 34.8% in 2013 compared with 33.6% in 2012 due to changes in permanent book versus tax differences.

 

Net Earnings

 

Net earnings increased to $11.7 million ($0.64 per diluted share) in 2013 from $1.8 million ($0.10 per share) in 2012 primarily due to the increase in gross profit partially offset by higher SG&A expense.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Selected Financial Data

(Dollars in thousands)

 

   

Year Ended

 
   

September 27,

   

September 28,

   

September 29,

 
   

2014

   

2013

   

2012

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

  $ 29,232     $ 36,828     $ 13,144  

Net cash used for investing activities

    (40,375 )     (6,294 )     (8,191 )

Net cash used for financing activities

    (1,247 )     (15,104 )     (4,953 )
                         

Cash and cash equivalents

    3,050       15,440       10  

Working capital

    79,407       83,791       79,065  

Total debt

    -       -       11,475  

Percentage of total capital

    -       -       7 %

Shareholders' equity

  $ 178,883     $ 161,056     $ 149,500  

Percentage of total capital

    100 %     100 %     93 %

Total capital (total debt + shareholders' equity)

  $ 178,883     $ 161,056     $ 160,975  

 

Operating Activities

 

Operating activities provided $29.2 million of cash in 2014 primarily from net earnings adjusted for non-cash items and a reduction in the net working capital components of accounts receivable, inventories, and accounts payable and accrued expenses. Net working capital provided $2.4 million of cash due to a $21.3 million increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses partially offset by a $16.8 million increase in inventories and a $2.1 million increase in accounts receivable. The increases in accounts payable and accrued expenses and inventories were largely related to higher raw material purchases driven by the increase in sales. The increase in accounts receivable was primarily due to the increase in sales.

 

Operating activities provided $36.8 million of cash in 2013 primarily from net earnings adjusted for non-cash items and a reduction in net working capital. Net working capital provided $9.7 million of cash due to a $7.0 million decrease in inventories, a $1.7 million increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses, and a $1.0 million decrease in accounts receivable. The decrease in inventories was primarily due to lower raw material purchases and unit costs. The increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses was largely related to changes in the mix of vendor payments and terms. The decrease in accounts receivable was primarily driven by a reduction in days sales outstanding.

 

Operating activities provided $13.1 million of cash in 2012 primarily from net earnings adjusted for non-cash items and a reduction in net working capital. Net working capital provided $0.9 million of cash as a $10.6 million decrease in inventories was partially offset by a $9.6 million decrease in accounts payable and accrued expenses, and a $0.2 million increase in accounts receivable. The changes in inventories and accounts payable and accrued expenses were primarily due to lower raw material purchases and unit costs.

 

We may elect to adjust our operating activities depending upon the conditions in our construction end-markets, which could materially impact our cash requirements. While a downturn in the level of construction activity affects sales to our customers, it generally reduces our working capital requirements.

  

 
18

 

 

Investing Activities

 

Investing activities used $40.4 million of cash in 2014, $6.3 million in 2013 and $8.2 million in 2012. In 2014, $33.9 million of cash was used to fund the ASW Acquisition and $9.0 million for capital expenditures (including $4.5 million to replace property and equipment damaged in the fire at our Gallatin, Tennessee PC strand manufacturing facility), which was partially offset by $2.7 million of insurance proceeds related to the Gallatin fire. In 2013, $5.0 million of cash was used for capital expenditures and $1.9 million for an intangible asset in connection with the acquisition of certain assets from Tatano Wire and Steel, Inc., which was partially offset by $0.6 million of proceeds from life insurance claims. In 2012, $8.1 million of cash was used for capital expenditures. Our investing activities are largely discretionary, providing us with the ability to significantly curtail outlays should future business conditions warrant that such actions be taken.

 

Financing Activities

 

Financing activities used $1.2 million of cash in 2014, $15.1 million in 2013 and $5.0 million in 2012. In 2014, $2.2 million of cash was used for dividend payments, which was partially offset by $1.1 million of proceeds from the exercise of stock options. In 2013, $11.5 million of cash was used to repay debt and $6.6 million for dividend payments (including a special cash dividend of $4.5 million and regular cash dividends totaling $2.1 million), which was partially offset by $3.4 million of proceeds from the exercise of stock options. In 2012, $2.3 million of cash was used to repay debt and $2.1 million for dividends.

 

Cash Management

 

Our cash is principally concentrated at one financial institution, which at times exceeds federally insured limits. We invest excess cash primarily in money market funds, which are highly liquid securities that bear minimal risk.

 

Credit Facility

 

We have a revolving credit facility (the “Credit Facility”) that is used to supplement our operating cash flow and fund our working capital, capital expenditure, general corporate and growth requirements. On February 6, 2012, we entered into an amendment agreement that, among other changes, increased the commitment amount of the Credit Facility from $75.0 million to $100.0 million and extended the maturity date from June 2, 2015 to June 2, 2016. As of September 27, 2014, there were no borrowings outstanding on the Credit Facility, $89.7 million of additional borrowing capacity was available and outstanding letters of credit totaled $1.5 million (see Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements). During 2014, ordinary course borrowings on the Credit Facility were as high as $13.6 million. As of September 28, 2013, there were no borrowings outstanding on the Credit Facility.

 

As part of the consideration for the Ivy Acquisition, we entered into a $13.5 million secured subordinated promissory note (the “Note”) payable to Ivy over five years. The Note required semi-annual interest payments in arrears, and annual principal payments payable on November 19 of each year during the period 2011 - 2015. The Note yielded interest on the unpaid principal balance at a fixed rate of 6.0% per annum and was collateralized by certain of the real property and equipment acquired from Ivy. On December 12, 2011, the Company prepaid the remaining balance that was outstanding on the Note for $12.4 million, which represented a discount of $425,000 that was recorded as a gain from the early extinguishment of debt in the 2012 consolidated statement of operations.

 

We believe that, in the absence of significant unanticipated cash demands, cash generated by operating activities will be sufficient to satisfy our expected requirements for working capital, capital expenditures, dividends and share repurchases, if any. We also expect to have access to the amounts available under our Credit Facility. However, should we experience future reductions in our operating cash flows due to weakening conditions in our construction end-markets and reduced demand from our customers, we may need to curtail capital and operating expenditures, delay or restrict share repurchases, cease dividend payments and/or realign our working capital requirements.

 

Should we determine, at any time, that we required additional short-term liquidity, we would evaluate the alternative sources of financing that were potentially available to provide such funding. There can be no assurance that any such financing, if pursued, would be obtained, or if obtained, would be adequate or on terms acceptable to us. However, we believe that our strong balance sheet, flexible capital structure and borrowing capacity available to us under our Credit Facility position us to meet our anticipated liquidity requirements for the foreseeable future.

 

Impact of Inflation

 

We are subject to inflationary risks arising from fluctuations in the market prices for our primary raw material, hot-rolled steel wire rod, and, to a much lesser extent, freight, energy and other consumables that are used in our manufacturing processes. We have generally been able to adjust our selling prices to pass through increases in these costs or offset them through various cost reduction and productivity improvement initiatives. However, our ability to raise our selling prices depends on market conditions and competitive dynamics, and there may be periods during which we are unable to fully recover increases in our costs. After initially rising in the first half of 2012, wire rod prices declined during the latter part of the year due to reductions in the cost of scrap for wire rod producers and weakening demand. During 2014 and 2013, wire rod prices fluctuated within a narrower range and inflation did not have a material impact on our sales or earnings. Our ability to fully recover increases in wire rod prices over this period has been mitigated by competitive pricing pressures resulting from the reduced level of activity in our construction end-markets. The timing and magnitude of any future increases in the prices for wire rod and the impact on selling prices for our products is uncertain at this time.

 

 
19

 

 

 Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any material transactions, arrangements, obligations (including contingent obligations), or other relationships with unconsolidated entities or other persons, as defined by Item 303(a)(4) of Regulation S-K of the SEC, that have or are reasonably likely to have a material current or future impact on our financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, capital resources or significant components of revenues or expenses.

 

Contractual Obligations 

 

Our contractual obligations and commitments at September 27, 2014 are as follows:

 

Payments Due by Period

(In thousands)

 

           

Less Than

                   

More Than

 
   

Total

   

1 Year

   

1 - 3 Years

   

3 – 5 Years

   

5 Years

 
Contractual obligations:                                        

Raw material purchase commitments(1)

  $ 64,527     $ 64,527     $ -     $ -     $ -  

Supplemental employee retirement plan obligations

    18,144       290       581       675       16,598  

Pension benefit obligations

    5,335       213       417       411       4,294  

Operating leases

    2,519       1,081       1,073       115       250  

Trade letters of credit

    1,467       1,467       -       -       -  

Commitment fee on unused portion of credit facility

    747       448       299       -       -  

Other unconditional purchase obligations(2)

    4,590       4,590       -       -       -  

Total

  $ 97,329     $ 72,616     $ 2,370     $ 1,201     $ 21,142  

 

(1)Non-cancelable purchase commitments for raw materials.

(2)Contractual commitments for capital expenditures.

 

Outlook

 

As we look ahead to 2015, we expect continued improvement in the conditions in our construction end-markets following the steep decline in demand that we have experienced in recent years. There are growing indications the recovery in private nonresidential construction, our primary demand driver, is strengthening, which should favorably impact our financial results through higher shipment volumes and operating levels at our facilities. The outlook for infrastructure construction is less clear pending the enactment of a new multi-year federal transportation funding authorization.

 

We continue to focus on the operational fundamentals of our business: closely managing and controlling our expenses; aligning our production schedules with demand in a proactive manner as there are changes in market conditions to minimize our cash operating costs; and pursuing further improvements in the productivity and effectiveness of all of our manufacturing, selling and administrative activities. We expect that our financial results will be favorably impacted by the full-year contribution of the ASW Acquisition together with the realization of additional operating synergies and benefits from the reconfiguration of our welded wire reinforcement operations related to the Ivy Acquisition. As market conditions improve, we also expect gradually increasing contributions from the substantial investments we have made in our facilities in the form of reduced operating costs and additional capacity to support future growth (see “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors”). In addition, we will continue to pursue further acquisitions in our existing businesses that expand our penetration of markets we currently serve or expand our geographic footprint.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

Our cash flows and earnings are subject to fluctuations resulting from changes in commodity prices, interest rates and foreign exchange rates. We manage our exposure to these market risks through internally established policies and procedures and, when deemed appropriate, through the use of derivative financial instruments. We do not use financial instruments for trading purposes and we are not a party to any leveraged derivatives. We monitor our underlying market risk exposures on an ongoing basis and believe that we can modify or adapt our hedging strategies as necessary.

  

 
20

 

 

Commodity Prices

 

We are subject to significant fluctuations in the cost and availability of our primary raw material, hot-rolled steel wire rod, which we purchase from both domestic and foreign suppliers. We negotiate quantities and pricing for both domestic and foreign wire rod purchases for varying periods (most recently monthly for domestic suppliers), depending upon market conditions, to manage our exposure to price fluctuations and to ensure adequate availability of material consistent with our requirements. We do not use derivative commodity instruments to hedge our exposure to changes in prices as such instruments are not currently available for wire rod. Our ability to acquire wire rod from foreign sources on favorable terms is impacted by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, foreign taxes, duties, tariffs and other trade actions. Although changes in wire rod costs and our selling prices may be correlated over extended periods of time, depending upon market conditions and competitive dynamics, there may be periods during which we are unable to fully recover increased wire rod costs through higher selling prices, which would reduce our gross profit and cash flow from operations. Additionally, should wire rod costs decline, our financial results may be negatively impacted if the selling prices for our products decrease to an even greater degree and to the extent that we are consuming higher cost material from inventory. Based on our 2014 shipments and average wire rod cost reflected in cost of sales, a 10% increase in the price of steel wire rod would have resulted in a $26.2 million decrease in our annual pre-tax earnings (assuming there was not a corresponding change in our selling prices).

 

Interest Rates

 

Although we were debt-free as of September 27, 2014, future borrowings under our revolving credit facility are subject to a variable rate of interest and are sensitive to changes in interest rates.

 

Foreign Exchange Exposure

 

We have not typically hedged foreign currency exposures related to transactions denominated in currencies other than U.S. dollars, as such transactions have not been material historically. We will occasionally hedge firm commitments for certain equipment purchases that are denominated in foreign currencies. The decision to hedge any such transactions is made by us on a case-by-case basis. There were no forward contracts outstanding as of September 27, 2014. During 2014, a 10% increase or decrease in the value of the U.S. dollar relative to foreign currencies to which we are typically exposed would not have had a material impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

 

(a)

Financial Statements

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended September 27, 2014, September 28, 2013 and September 29, 2012

23

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the years ended September 27, 2014, September 28, 2013 and September 29, 2012

24

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 27, 2014 and September 28, 2013

25

Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity for the years ended September 27, 2014, September 28, 2013 and September 29, 2012

26

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended September 27, 2014, September 28, 2013 and September 29, 2012

27

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

28

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm – Consolidated Financial Statements

48

Schedule II – Valuation and Qualifying Accounts for the years ended September 27, 2014, September 28, 2013 and September 29, 2012

49

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm – Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

51

  

 
21

 

 

(b) Supplementary Data

 

Selected quarterly financial data for 2014 and 2013 is as follows:

 

Financial Information by Quarter (Unaudited)

(In thousands, except for per share and price data)

 

   

Quarter Ended

 
   

December 28

   

March 29

   

June 28

   

September 27

 

2014

                               

Operating results:

                               

Net sales

  $ 87,218     $ 91,436     $ 113,227     $ 117,097  

Gross profit

    9,055       11,606       14,263       13,849  

Net earnings

    2,747       3,522       5,797       4,575  

Net earnings per share amounts:

                               

Basic

    0.15       0.19       0.32       0.25  

Diluted

    0.15       0.19       0.31       0.24  

 

   

Quarter Ended

 
   

December 29

   

March 30

   

June 29

   

September 28

 

2013

                               

Operating results:

                               

Net sales

  $ 85,887     $ 82,873     $ 96,946     $ 98,190  

Gross profit

    8,593       11,051       10,910       8,679  

Net earnings

    2,402       3,714       3,274       2,345  

Net earnings per share amounts:

                               

Basic

    0.14       0.21       0.18       0.13  

Diluted

    0.13       0.20       0.18       0.13  

 

 
22

 

 

INSTEEL INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except for per share amounts)

 

   

Year Ended

 
   

September 27,

   

September 28,

   

September 29,

 
   

2014

   

2013

   

2012

 

Net sales

  $ 408,978     $ 363,896     $ 363,303  

Cost of sales

    360,205       324,663       340,845  

Gross profit

    48,773       39,233       22,458  

Selling, general and administrative expense

    23,371       20,682       18,911  

Gain from early extinguishment of debt

    -       -       (425 )

Restructuring charges, net

    1,247       -       832  

Acquisition costs

    612       -       -  

Other expense (income), net

    (1,907 )     333       (188 )

Interest expense

    252       235       623  

Interest income

    (10 )     (14 )     (21 )

Earnings before income taxes

    25,208       17,997       2,726  

Income taxes

    8,567       6,262       917  

Net earnings

  $ 16,641     $ 11,735     $ 1,809  
                         
                         

Net earnings per share:

                       

Basic

  $ 0.91     $ 0.65     $ 0.10  

Diluted

    0.89       0.64       0.10  
                         

Cash dividends declared

    0.12       0.37       0.12  
                         

Weighted average shares outstanding:

                       

Basic

    18,257       17,948       17,664  

Diluted

    18,665       18,353       17,990  

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 
23

 

 

INSTEEL INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(In thousands)

 

   

Year Ended

 
   

September 27,

   

September 28,

   

September 29,

 
   

2014

   

2013

   

2012

 
                         

Net earnings

  $ 16,641     $ 11,735     $ 1,809  

Other comprehensive income (loss):

                       

Adjustment to defined benefit plan liability, net of income taxes of $140, ($539) and $261

    (228 )     879       (426 )

Comprehensive income

  $ 16,413     $ 12,614     $ 1,383  

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements. 

 

 
24

 

   

INSTEEL INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except for per share amounts)

 

   

September 27,

   

September 28,

 
   

2014

   

2013

 

Assets:

               

Current assets:

               

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 3,050     $ 15,440  

Accounts receivable, net

    51,211       41,110  

Inventories

    81,899       58,793  

Other current assets

    6,433       5,863  

Total current assets

    142,593       121,206  

Property, plant and equipment, net

    90,386       83,053  

Intangibles, net

    9,816       1,724  

Goodwill

    6,965       -  

Other assets

    7,035       6,666  

Total assets

  $ 256,795     $ 212,649  
                 

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity:

               

Current liabilities:

               

Accounts payable

  $ 52,811     $ 30,561  

Accrued expenses

    10,375       6,854  

Total current liabilities

    63,186       37,415  

Other liabilities

    14,726       14,178  

Commitments and contingencies

               

Shareholders’ equity:

               

Preferred stock, no par value Authorized shares: 1,000; None issued

    -       -  

Common stock, $1 stated value Authorized shares: 50,000; Issued and outstanding shares: 2014, 18,377; 2013, 18,185

    18,377       18,185  

Additional paid-in capital

    58,867       55,452  

Retained earnings

    103,429       88,981  

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

    (1,790 )     (1,562 )

Total shareholders’ equity

    178,883       161,056  

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

  $ 256,795     $ 212,649  

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 
25

 

 

INSTEEL INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

(In thousands)

 

                                   

Accumulated

         
                   

Additional

           

Other

   

Total

 
   

Common Stock

   

Paid-In

   

Retained

   

Comprehensive

   

Shareholders'

 
   

Shares

   

Amount

   

Capital

   

Earnings

   

Income (Loss)(1)

   

Equity

 

Balance at October 1, 2011

    17,609     $ 17,609     $ 48,723     $ 84,157     $ (2,015 )   $ 148,474  

Net earnings

                            1,809               1,809  

Other comprehensive loss(1)

                                    (426 )     (426 )

Stock options exercised

    12       12       (10 )                     2  

Vesting of restricted stock units

    96       96       (96 )                     -  

Compensation expense associated with stock-based plans

                    2,208                       2,208  

Restricted stock surrendered for withholding taxes payable

                    (446 )                     (446 )

Cash dividends declared

                            (2,121 )             (2,121 )

Balance at September 29, 2012

    17,717       17,717       50,379       83,845       (2,441 )     149,500  

Net earnings

                            11,735               11,735  

Other comprehensive income(1)

                                    879       879  

Stock options exercised

    371       371       3,054                       3,425  

Vesting of restricted stock units

    97       97       (97 )                     -  

Compensation expense associated with stock-based plans

                    2,161                       2,161  

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

                    660                       660  

Restricted stock units and stock options surrendered for withholding taxes payable

                    (705 )                     (705 )

Cash dividends declared

                            (6,599 )             (6,599 )

Balance at September 28, 2013

    18,185       18,185       55,452       88,981       (1,562 )     161,056  

Net earnings

                            16,641               16,641  

Other comprehensive loss(1)

                                    (228 )     (228 )

Stock options exercised

    129       129       1,000                       1,129  

Vesting of restricted stock units

    63       63       (63 )                     -  

Compensation expense associated with stock-based plans

                    2,661                       2,661  

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

                    575                       575  

Restricted stock units and stock options surrendered for withholding taxes payable

                    (758 )                     (758 )

Cash dividends declared

                            (2,193 )             (2,193 )

Balance at September 27, 2014

    18,377     $ 18,377     $ 58,867     $ 103,429     $ (1,790 )   $ 178,883  

 

(1)

Activity within accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) is reported net of related income taxes: 2012 $261, 2013 ($539) and 2014 $140.

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 
26

 

 

INSTEEL INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

 

   

Year Ended

 
   

September 27,

   

September 28,

   

September 29,

 
   

2014

   

2013

   

2012

 

Cash Flows From Operating Activities:

                       

Net earnings

  $ 16,641     $ 11,735     $ 1,809  

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities

                       

Depreciation and amortization

    10,274       9,833       9,762  

Amortization of capitalized financing costs

    102       102       97  

Stock-based compensation expense

    2,661       2,161       2,208  

Deferred income taxes

    41       3,881       835  

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

    (575 )     (660 )     -  

Loss (gain) on sale of property, plant and equipment

    (1,629 )     348       (46 )

Increase in cash surrender value of life insurance policies over premiums paid

    (512 )     (555 )     (750 )

Gain from life insurance proceeds

    -       (45 )     (505 )

Gain on early extinguishment of debt

    -       -       (425 )

Asset impairment charges

    -       -       (11 )

Net changes in assets and liabilities (net of assets and liabilities acquired):

                       

Accounts receivable, net

    (2,084 )     1,028       (167 )

Inventories

    (16,814 )     6,981       10,600  

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

    21,333       1,645       (9,562 )

Other changes

    (206 )     374       (701 )

Total adjustments

    12,591       25,093       11,335  

Net cash provided by operating activities

    29,232       36,828       13,144  
                         

Cash Flows From Investing Activities:

                       

Acquisition of business

    (33,943 )     -       -  

Capital expenditures

    (8,955 )     (5,030 )     (8,066 )

Proceeds from fire loss insurance

    2,732       -       -  

Increase in cash surrender value of life insurance policies

    (415 )     (64 )     (467 )

Proceeds from surrender of life insurance policies

    205       3       37  

Acquisition of intangible asset

    -       (1,887 )     -  

Proceeds from life insurance claims

    -       577       -  

Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment

    1       107       305  

Net cash used for investing activities

    (40,375 )     (6,294 )     (8,191 )
                         

Cash Flows From Financing Activities:

                       

Proceeds from long-term debt

    19,215       4,602       91,150  

Principal payments on long-term debt

    (19,215 )     (16,077 )     (93,406 )

Cash dividends paid

    (2,193 )     (6,599 )     (2,121 )

Cash received from exercise of stock options

    1,129       3,425       2  

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

    575       660       -  

Payment of employee tax withholdings related to net share transactions

    (758 )     (705 )     (446 )

Financing costs

    -       -       (172 )

Other

    -       (410 )     40  

Net cash used for financing activities

    (1,247 )     (15,104 )     (4,953 )
                         

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

    (12,390 )     15,430       -  

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

    15,440       10       10  

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

  $ 3,050     $ 15,440     $ 10  
                         

Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information:

                       

Cash paid during the period for:

                       

Interest

  $ 30     $ 20     $ 753  

Income taxes, net

    7,889       2,667       176  

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

                       

Purchases of property, plant and equipment in accounts payable

    680       432       176  

Restricted stock units and stock options surrendered for withholding taxes payable

    758       705       446  

Post-closing purchase price adjustment for business acquired

    45       -       -  

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.            

 

 
27

 

 

INSTEEL INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

YEARS ENDED SEPTEMBER 27, 2014, SEPTEMBER 28, 2013 AND SEPTEMBER 29, 2012

 

(1) Description of Business

 

Insteel Industries, Inc. (“Insteel” or “the Company”) is the nation’s largest manufacturer of steel wire reinforcing products for concrete construction applications. Insteel is the parent holding company for two wholly-owned subsidiaries, Insteel Wire Products Company (“IWP”), an operating subsidiary, and Intercontinental Metals Corporation, an inactive subsidiary. The Company manufactures and markets prestressed concrete strand (“PC strand”) and welded wire reinforcement, including engineered structural mesh, concrete pipe reinforcement and standard welded wire reinforcement. The Company’s products are primarily sold to manufacturers of concrete products and, to a lesser extent, distributors, rebar fabricators and contractors that are located nationwide as well as in Canada, Mexico, and Central and South America.

 

On August 15, 2014, the Company purchased substantially all of the assets associated with the PC strand business of American Spring Wire Corporation (“ASW”) (see Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements).

 

The Company has evaluated all subsequent events that occurred after the balance sheet date through the time of filing this Annual Report on Form 10-K and concluded there were no events or transactions occurring during this period that required additional recognition or disclosure in its financial statements.

 

(2) Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Fiscal year. The Company’s fiscal year is the 52 or 53 weeks ending on the Saturday closest to September 30. Fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012 were 52-week fiscal years. All references to years relate to fiscal years rather than calendar years.     

 

Principles of consolidation. The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.

 

Use of estimates. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S.”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. There is no assurance that actual results will not differ from these estimates.

 

Cash equivalents. The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with original maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

 

Concentration of credit risk. Financial instruments that subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents and trade accounts receivable. The Company’s cash is principally concentrated at one financial institution, which at times exceeds federally insured limits. The Company is exposed to credit risk in the event of default by institutions in which its cash and cash equivalents are held and by customers to the extent of the amounts recorded on the balance sheet. The Company invests excess cash primarily in money market funds, which are highly liquid securities.

 

The majority of the Company’s accounts receivable are due from customers that are located in the U.S. and the Company generally requires no collateral depending upon the creditworthiness of the account. The Company provides an allowance for doubtful accounts based upon its assessment of the credit risk of specific customers, historical trends and other information. The Company writes off accounts receivable when they become uncollectible. There is no disproportionate concentration of credit risk.

 

Stock-based compensation. The Company accounts for stock-based compensation in accordance with the fair value recognition provisions of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation, which requires stock-based compensation expense to be recognized in net earnings based on the fair value of the award on the date of the grant. The Company determines the fair value of stock options issued by using a Monte Carlo valuation model at the grant date, which considers a range of assumptions including the expected term, volatility, dividend yield and risk-free interest rate.

  

 
28

 

 

Revenue recognition. The Company recognizes revenue from product sales when products are shipped and risk of loss and title has passed to the customer. Sales taxes collected from customers are recorded on a net basis and are thus excluded from revenue.

 

Shipping and handling costs. The Company includes all of the outbound freight, shipping and handling costs associated with the shipment of products to customers in cost of sales. Any amounts paid by customers to the Company for shipping and handling are recorded in net sales on the consolidated statements of operations.

 

Inventories. Inventories are valued at the lower of weighted average cost (which approximates computation on a first-in, first-out basis) or market (net realizable value or replacement cost). The valuation of inventory includes the costs for material, labor and manufacturing overhead.

 

Property, plant and equipment. Property, plant and equipment are recorded at cost or fair market value in the case of the assets acquired through acquisitions, or otherwise at reduced values to the extent there have been asset impairment write-downs. Expenditures for maintenance and repairs are charged directly to expense when incurred, while major improvements are capitalized. Depreciation is computed for financial reporting purposes principally by use of the straight-line method over the following estimated useful lives: machinery and equipment, 3 - 15 years; buildings, 10 - 30 years; land improvements, 5 - 15 years. Depreciation expense was approximately $9.8 million in 2014, $9.7 million in 2013 and $9.8 million in 2012 and reflected in cost of sales and selling, general and administrative expense (“SG&A expense”) in the consolidated statements of operations. Capitalized software is amortized over the shorter of the estimated useful life or 5 years and reflected in SG&A expense in the consolidated statements of operations. No interest costs were capitalized in 2014, 2013 and 2012.

 

Goodwill. Goodwill is the excess of cost over the fair value of net assets of businesses acquired. Goodwill is not amortized but is tested annually for impairment and whenever events or circumstances change that would make it more likely than not that an impairment may have occurred. The Company performs its annual impairment analysis as of the first day of the fourth quarter each year. The evaluation of impairment involves comparing the current estimated fair value of the reporting unit to its recorded value, including goodwill. The Company will perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. It may be necessary to perform a quantitative analysis where a discounted cash flow model is used to determine the current estimated fair value of the reporting unit. Key assumptions used to determine the fair value of the reporting unit as part of the Company’s annual testing (and any required interim testing) include: (a) expected cash flow for the five-year period following the testing date; (b) an estimated terminal value using a terminal year growth rate based on the growth prospects of the reporting unit; (c) a discount rate based on the Company’s estimated after-tax weighted average cost of capital; and (d) a probability-weighted scenario approach by which varying cash flows are assigned to alternative scenarios based on their likelihood of occurrence. In developing these assumptions, the Company considers historical and anticipated future results, general economic and market conditions, the impact of planned business and operational strategies and all available information at the time the fair value of the reporting unit is estimated. Assumptions in estimating future cash flows are subject to a high degree of judgment and complexity. Changes in assumptions and estimates may affect the fair value of goodwill and could result in impairment charges in future periods. There was no impairment of goodwill in 2014.

 

Other assets. Other assets consist principally of capitalized financing costs and the cash surrender value of life insurance policies. Capitalized financing costs are amortized using the straight-line method, which approximates the effective interest method over the term of the related credit agreement, and reflected in interest expense in the consolidated statements of operations.      

 

Long-lived assets. Long-lived assets include property, plant and equipment and identifiable intangible assets with definite useful lives. Finite-lived intangible assets are amortized over their estimated useful lives. The Company’s intangible assets consist of customer relationships, developed technology and know-how and non-competition agreements that are being amortized on a straight-line basis over their finite useful lives (see Note 7 to the consolidated financial statements). The Company assesses the impairment of long-lived assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be fully recoverable. When the Company determines that the carrying value of such assets may not be recoverable, it measures recoverability based on the undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the related asset or asset group. If it is determined that an impairment loss has occurred, the loss is recognized in the period in which it is incurred and is calculated as the difference between the carrying value and the present value of estimated future net cash flows or comparable market values. There were no impairment losses in 2014, 2013 and 2012.

 

Fair value of financial instruments. The carrying amounts for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, and accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate fair value because of their short maturities.

  

 
29

 

 

Income taxes. Income taxes are based on pretax financial accounting income. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected tax consequences of temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their reported amounts. The Company assesses the need to establish a valuation allowance against its deferred tax assets to the extent the Company no longer believes it is more likely than not that the tax assets will be fully realized.

 

Earnings per share. Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) are computed by dividing earnings available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS are computed by dividing earnings available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock and other dilutive equity securities outstanding during the period. Securities that have the effect of increasing EPS are considered to be antidilutive and are not included in the computation of diluted EPS.

 

(3) Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Current Adoptions

 

In February 2013, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2013-02 “Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income.” ASU No. 2013-02 requires an entity to disaggregate the total change of each component of other comprehensive income either on the face of the income statement or as a separate disclosure in the notes. The Company adopted ASU No. 2013-02 in the first quarter of fiscal 2014. The adoption of this update did not have a material effect on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

 

Future Adoptions

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” which will supersede nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“GAAP”). ASU No. 2014-09 provides that an entity recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. This update also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments, and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. ASU No. 2014-09 allows for either full retrospective or modified retrospective adoption and will become effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2018. The Company is evaluating the alternative transition methods and the potential effects of the adoption of this update on its consolidated financial statements.

 

(4) Business Combination

 

On August 15, 2014, the Company purchased substantially all of the assets associated with the PC strand business of ASW for an adjusted purchase price of $33.9 million, subject to certain additional post-closing adjustments (the “ASW Acquisition”).

 

ASW manufactured PC strand at facilities located in Houston, Texas and Newnan, Georgia. The Company acquired, among other assets, the accounts receivable and inventories related to ASW’s PC strand business, the production equipment at its facility in Houston, Texas and its production equipment and facility in Newnan, Georgia. Pursuant to an agreement with ASW, the Company will lease the Houston facility from ASW with an option to purchase it in the future. In addition, the Company assumed certain of ASW’s accounts payable and accrued liabilities related to its PC strand business.

  

 
30

 

 

Following is a summary of the Company’s preliminary allocation of the adjusted purchase price to the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of the date of the ASW Acquisition:

 

(In thousands)

       

Assets acquired:

       

Accounts receivable

  $ 8,017  

Inventories

    6,292  

Other current assets

    786  

Property, plant and equipment

    8,638  

Intangibles

    8,530  

Total assets acquired

  $ 32,263  
         

Liabilities assumed:

       

Accounts payable

  $ 3,240  

Accrued expenses

    2,091  

Total liabilities assumed

    5,331  

Net assets acquired

    26,932  

Purchase price

    33,897  

Goodwill

  $ 6,965  

 

 

In connection with the ASW Acquisition the Company acquired intangible assets consisting of customer relationships, developed technology and know-how and a non-competition agreement. The ASW Acquisition was accounted for as a business purchase pursuant to ASC Topic 805, Business Combinations. Acquisition and integration costs are not included as components of consideration transferred, but are recorded as expenses in the period in which such costs are incurred (See Note 5 to the consolidated financial statements).

 

Following the ASW Acquisition, net sales of the ASW facilities in 2014 were approximately $7.3 million. The actual amount of net sales specifically attributable to the ASW Acquisition, however, cannot be quantified due to the integration actions that were taken by the Company involving the transfer of business between the former ASW facilities and the Company’s existing facilities. The Company has determined that the presentation of ASW’s earnings for 2014 is impractical due to the integration of ASW’s operations into the Company following the ASW Acquisition.

 

The following unaudited supplemental pro forma financial information reflects the combined results of operations of the Company had the ASW Acquisition occurred at the beginning of 2013. The pro forma information reflects certain adjustments related to the ASW Acquisition, including adjusted amortization and depreciation expense based on the fair value of the assets acquired, interest expense related to the borrowings on the Company’s revolving credit facility and an appropriate adjustment for the acquisition-related costs in the current year. The pro forma information does not reflect any operating efficiencies or potential cost savings that may result from the ASW Acquisition. Accordingly, this pro forma information is for illustrative purposes and is not intended to represent or be indicative of the actual results of operations of the combined company that may have been achieved had the ASW Acquisition occurred at the beginning of 2013, nor is it intended to represent or be indicative of future results of operations. The pro forma combined results of operations for the current and comparative prior year periods are as follows:

 

   

Years Ended

 
   

September 27,

   

September 28,

 

(In thousands)

 

2014

   

2013

 

Net sales

  $ 469,079     $ 431,553  

Earnings before income taxes

    27,225       20,447  

Net earnings

    18,928