10-K 1 d499862d10k.htm FORM 10-K Form 10-K
Table of Contents

United States

Securities and Exchange Commission

Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 10-K

 

X

 

Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the fiscal year ended: February 28, 2013

 

OR

 

 

Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from              to             

 

Commission file number: 1-8803

Material Sciences Corporation

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware    95-2673173

 

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
2200 East Pratt Boulevard, Elk Grove Village, Illinois    60007

 

(Address of principal executive offices)    (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: 847-439-2210

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class    Name of each exchange
on which registered

Common Stock, $0.02 par value

   The Nasdaq Stock Market

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes                 No         X        

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.    Yes                  No         X        

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes         X         No                 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     Yes         X         No                 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.         X        

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer                      Accelerated filer        X        
Non accelerated filer                  

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

   Smaller reporting company                

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act) Yes                  No         X        

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting stock of the registrant held by shareowners of the registrant (not including any voting and non-voting stock owned by directors, executive officers or other affiliates of the registrant) was $80,783,339 as of August 31, 2012, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter (based on the closing sale price on the NASDAQ on such date).

As of May 2, 2013, the registrant had outstanding 10,198,121 shares of its common stock.

Documents Incorporated by Reference

Portions of the registrant’s Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareowners are incorporated herein by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.

 


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I

     3   

    ITEM 1.

  BUSINESS      3   

    ITEM 1A.

  RISK FACTORS      8   

    ITEM 1B.

  UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS      11   

    ITEM 2.

  PROPERTIES      11   

    ITEM 3.

  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS      11   

    ITEM 4.

  MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES      11   

PART II

     12   

    ITEM 5.

  MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES      12   

    ITEM 6.

  SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA      12   

    ITEM 7.

  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS      14   

    ITEM 7A.

  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK      23   

    ITEM 8.

  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA      24   

    ITEM 9.

  CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE      52   

    ITEM 9A.

  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES      52   

    ITEM 9B.

  OTHER INFORMATION      53   

PART III

     54   

    ITEM 10.

  DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE      54   

    ITEM 11.

  EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION      54   

    ITEM 12.

  SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS      54   

    ITEM 13.

  CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE      54   

    ITEM 14.

  PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES      54   

PART IV

     55   

    ITEM 15.

  EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES      55   

SIGNATURES

     56   

EXHIBIT INDEX

     57   

 

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PART I

This report contains forward-looking statements concerning our future business performance, strategy, outlook, plans, liquidity, pending regulatory matters and outcomes of contingencies including legal proceedings, among others. Forward-looking statements may be typically identified by the use of words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “seek,” “believe,” “intend,” “plan” and “estimate,” among others. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the expectations expressed in the forward-looking statements. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in our forward-looking statements are reasonable, any or all of our forward-looking statements may prove to be incorrect. Consequently, no forward-looking statements may be guaranteed. Factors that could cause our actual results to differ from expectations include the risks set forth under Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” and Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” among other items in this report. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report.

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

Overview

Material Sciences Corporation and its subsidiaries (“MSC,” “Company,” “we,” “our” or “us”) design, manufacture and market material-based solutions for acoustical and coated applications. We currently report under one segment based on how we view our business for evaluating performance and making operating decisions. Headquartered in Elk Grove Village, Illinois, MSC has been in operation since 1971 and is incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware.

MSC operates three manufacturing plants in the United States and Europe: one facility in Elk Grove Village, Illinois (“Elk Grove Village”); one facility in Walbridge, Ohio (“Walbridge”); and one facility in Eisenach, Germany (“Eisenach”). We also operate two research and development facilities: one in Canton, Michigan and one co-located with our manufacturing facility in Eisenach, Germany.

We have expanded our global reach and presence as a leading supplier of material-based solutions primarily through subsidiaries, partnerships, alliances and third-party agreements.

   

In South America, we own 51% of the equity and hold 50% of the voting rights in a joint venture partnership with Tekno S.A. (“Tekno”), which manufactures and sells acoustical products.

   

We provide for the production of our acoustical products in Asia through a third party in Malaysia.

   

We have an agreement with a Korean company, Hae Won Steel (“Hae Won”), to produce Quiet Steel® and other laminate products in Korea.

   

We have a subsidiary in China which serves as a trading company for Asia.

Products and Services

MSC is a supplier of engineered material-based solutions. We apply our expertise to solve design challenges for many of the largest automotive and non-automotive manufacturers in the world. Management believes the Company maintains strong customer relationships by providing global engineering innovation, technical application assistance, manufacturing expertise and delivery infrastructure. This combination enhances our ability to deliver cost-effective engineered material-based solutions to customers’ manufacturing facilities on time and within design specifications.

Acoustical Material-Based Solutions. We believe that we are a leader in the development and manufacturing of continuously processed materials that provide mass-efficient solutions to reduce noise and vibration. Our proprietary Quiet Steel is engineered to meet a variety of needs in the markets we serve. The automotive industry is currently the largest market for our acoustical products. These products are being used to replace solid sheet metal parts and accompanying acoustical treatments, including body panels, floor pans, wheel wells, brake shims, oil pans, valve covers and engine covers. In addition, we supply acoustical products for use in other non-automotive applications for appliances, electronics, and other industrial applications. We produce acoustical products at our Elk Grove Village, Walbridge and Eisenach locations. Acoustical products are also manufactured in Malaysia, in Brazil, through our joint venture partnership with Tekno, and in Korea, through our strategic alliance with Hae Won. Management also believes that our Application Research Center in Michigan and our Application Development Center in Europe provide us with state-of-the-art facilities to accelerate the development of new products and

 

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technologies. Acoustical material-based solutions represented approximately 61% of consolidated net sales in fiscal year 2013, approximately 50% in fiscal year 2012 and approximately 53% in fiscal year 2011.

Coated Material-Based Solutions. We continue to be recognized for our research and development and new product and process development activities involving the continuous, high-speed, roll-to-roll coating of metal. Our coated material-based solutions include painted, electrogalvanized (“EG”), rubber and film protective, decorative and functional coatings applied to coiled metal of various widths and thicknesses. Coated metal material-based solutions represented approximately 39% of consolidated net sales in fiscal year 2013, approximately 50% in fiscal year 2012 and approximately 47% in fiscal 2011.

We believe that coil coating is the most environmentally safe and energy-efficient method for applying paint, rubber and other coatings to metal. In the process, sheet metal is unwound from a coil, cleaned, leveled, chemically treated, coated, oven-cured and rewound into coils for shipment to manufacturers. They, in turn, fabricate the coated metal into finished products that are sold in a variety of industrial and commercial markets. The coatings are designed to produce protective, decorative and functional finishes. The finished coil-coated metal is a versatile material capable of being drawn, formed, bent, bolted, riveted, chemically bonded and welded. Our coated products are primarily used by manufacturers of automotive products, building products, appliances and other industrial products. Manufacturers that use these materials can eliminate or significantly reduce on-site post-fabrication coating lines and the associated costs. Coil coated materials also facilitate the adoption of just-in-time and continuous process manufacturing techniques providing lower manufacturing costs and improved product quality. Use of coil coated metal may, however, require product design or fabrication changes and more stringent handling procedures during manufacturing. Our strategy in coated materials is to develop and produce specialty niche products that meet specific customer requirements.

Electrogalvanizing is a corrosion-resistant steel coating process used primarily in making automobile and light-truck body skins. We manufacture EG solutions at our Walbridge facility. That facility has the ability to provide a full complement of pure zinc and zinc-nickel plated products, and organic coatings. These products offer corrosion resistance—as well as forming and cosmetic advantages—over competitive products, such as plastic and hot-dip galvanized steel. Most EG customers are suppliers of steel to the United States automobile industry. We believe that Walbridge is the only facility in North America capable of meeting the wide-width EG and paint coating steel demand in a single production pass through its line. In addition, as vehicle manufacturers explore the expanded use of weight-reducing materials in vehicles—such as Quiet Steel, electrogalvanized high-strength steel and pre-treated aluminum—we are expanding our capabilities in Walbridge to process these materials and remain a key partner to the manufacturers in their mass-reduction efforts.

Competition

The markets for our material-based solutions—both acoustical and coated—are highly competitive, both domestically and internationally. There are competitors in each product market we serve, some of which have greater resources than we do.

In the acoustical market, we believe that our technology, product development capability, technical support, global manufacturing and customer service place us in a strong competitive position. The competition for acoustical products includes other metal-to-metal laminates, rubber coated metals, as well as mastics, doublers, sound absorbing mats and other add-on damping treatments, which can add cost, mass and complexity in their applications.

Our coated material-based solutions compete with other methods of producing coated sheet metal—principally post-fabrication finishing methods such as spraying, dipping and brushing—and alternative materials such as plastic or stainless steel.

Demand for our EG coated products may fluctuate based on variations in steel mill captive coating capacity and continued competition from alternative coating technologies, such as hot-dip galvanizing.

International

We believe that significant international opportunities exist for MSC, particularly for our acoustical products. In an effort to capitalize on these opportunities, we maintain certain distribution, manufacturing, licensing and royalty agreements with agents and companies in North America, Europe, South America and Asia that cover our acoustical products. To further the penetration of our acoustical products in the Asian market, we entered into an agreement with Hae Won to produce Quiet Steel and other laminate products and installed our laminating equipment on one of their lines. Hae Won has paid for the right to use our equipment, and makes royalty payments for the right to produce and sell products. In addition,

 

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we have many Asian initiatives designed to help us penetrate this growing market. During fiscal 2009, we established a trading company in Shanghai, China to enable us to better serve the growing Asian market for our products. Through our sales and technical offices in Korea, Malaysia and China, we continue to expand existing relationships with appliance, electronic and automotive manufacturers. We continue to pursue a variety of other business relationships, including direct sales, distribution agreements, licensing, acquisitions and other forms of partnering to increase our international sales and expand our international presence.

The following table shows our domestic and foreign net sales for fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011:

 

     Fiscal 2013      Fiscal 2012      Fiscal 2011  
Net Sales ($ in millions)    $      %      $      %      $      %  

Domestic

   $ 105.5         87       $ 121.7         89       $ 125.2         91   

Foreign

     15.5         13         15.0         11         12.4         9   

Total

   $ 121.0         100       $ 136.7         100       $ 137.6         100   

Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation (“PPE”) that we own in foreign countries were $4.1 million and $4.5 million as of February 28, 2013 and February 29, 2012, respectively. The remaining $25.0 million and $30.2 million in PPE at February 28, 2013, and February 29, 2012, respectively, were in the United States.

Marketing and Sales

We market our products, services and technologies nationally and internationally through our sales and marketing organization and occasionally through the use of agents and licensees. Primary target markets for our products include transportation (automobiles and light, medium and heavy-duty trucks), appliance, building products, lighting and electronics. We believe MSC is a valued leader in the industries it serves because of our engineering innovation, technical application assistance, manufacturing expertise and delivery infrastructure.

We employ people with noise, vibration and harshness (“NVH”) experience, and they use a proven sales methodology for penetrating transportation markets. These individuals also seek to increase penetration of our products in non-transportation based markets to expand sales of all acoustical products. All of our selling activities are supported by technical service departments, which aid customers in choosing the right materials for their manufacturing processes.

We estimate that customers in the transportation industry were the end users for approximately 87%, 89%, and 84% of our net sales in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Due to a concentration in the automotive industry, we believe that direct and indirect sales to individual automotive companies are significant. See Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” for more discussion on automotive sales. The following table shows direct sales to our significant customers that represented 10% or more of consolidated net sales for any of fiscal 2013, 2012 or 2011.

 

     % of Consolidated Net Sales  
Customer    Fiscal 2013      Fiscal 2012      Fiscal 2011  

Chrysler LLC

     20      17      17

U.S. Steel

     16      22      15

Ford Motor Company

     8      12      18

Backlog. In the Company’s experience, the actual amount of order backlog at any particular time is not a meaningful indication of its future business prospects. In particular, backlog often fluctuates due to changes in the planning activities of our customers and their customers, as well as product introductions or change-overs. Because of the foregoing, backlog should not be considered a reliable indicator of the Company’s ability to achieve any particular level of revenue or financial performance.

Raw Materials. We are generally not dependent on any one source for raw materials or purchased components essential to our business for which an alternative source is not readily available. We are, however, affected by the price and availability of certain raw material inputs such as steel, zinc, nickel, electricity and natural gas. The prices of all these inputs fluctuated in all periods presented, which has affected our profitability. We anticipate the prices for these inputs will continue to be changeable and the fluctuations may be greater as the economy continues to recover. We participate in purchasing programs supported by our customers, usually large original equipment manufacturers, to maintain an adequate supply of metal at competitive prices. See Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” for more discussion on raw material inputs.

 

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Seasonality. We believe that our business, in the aggregate, is not subject to significant swings in seasonal demand. However, changes in production cycles in the automotive industry, particularly around model changes and summer and holiday shutdown periods, can affect sales in those periods.

Environmental Matters

We believe we operate our facilities and conduct our business, in all material respects, in accordance with applicable environmental laws. Our environmental management policies and practices have been certified under ISO 14001 standards. We spent approximately $2.1 million ($1.6 million of expense and $0.5 million on capital projects) on environmental controls at our facilities in fiscal 2013 and have budgeted expense of approximately $1.4 million and no capital for fiscal 2014. For additional information regarding our environmental matters, see Item 3, “Legal Proceedings,” and Note 3 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, entitled “Commitments and Contingencies.”

Research and Development

We spent approximately $4.1 million in fiscal 2013 for product and process development activities. This compares with $3.9 million and $2.3 million, in fiscal 2012 and 2011, respectively. The increase in research and development spending during fiscal 2013 reflected efforts to increase our product development efforts, including expanding applications for our current products and developing new technologies that leverage our production expertise.

We are dedicated to our research and development efforts. To build on our position as an industry leader, we opened the Application Research Center in Canton, Michigan in June 2006. This testing and development center concentrates on the continued engineering, application and validation of our NVH material solutions and provides technical and development facilities for all of our products. We also operate our Application Development Center in Europe, which has enhanced our ability to develop, test and market our NVH brake solutions in Europe.

When possible, we seek patent and trademark protection for our products. We own, or are licensed under, a number of U.S. and foreign patents, patent applications, trademarks and trademark applications. Patents for individual products extend for varying periods according to the date of patent filing or grant and the legal terms of patents in the various countries where patent protection is obtained. While we consider our various patents, patent applications, trademarks and trademark applications to be important, we do not believe that the loss of any one of them would have a material adverse effect upon our business as a whole.

Employees

As of February 28, 2013, we had 267 full- and part-time employees, which compares with 269 on February 29, 2012. Of this number, approximately 77 were engaged in selling, general and administrative activities. During fiscal 2011, in connection with the sale of certain coil coating assets to Roll Coater, Inc., we terminated 56 union and 22 non-union positions. See Note 17 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, entitled “Elk Grove Village Asset Sale.” During fiscal 2012, in connection with a restructuring plan implemented in our German subsidiary, we terminated ten positions. See Note 14 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, entitled “Restructuring.”

Our Walbridge production employees are covered by a union contract expiring in September 2016. The production employees at our Elk Grove Village location are covered by a union contract expiring in February 2017. Employees at our Eisenach facility are not represented by a union. Our union employees are vital to our operations. We consider our relationships with them and their unions to be good.

Available Information

MSC’s annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 are available free of charge on our Web site at www.matsci.com as soon as reasonably practicable after electronically filing the reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). We will also furnish paper copies of these filings free of charge upon request. Our corporate headquarters is located at 2200 East Pratt Boulevard, Elk Grove Village, Illinois 60007, and our telephone number is (847) 439-2210. Copies of any materials we file with the SEC are also available at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E. Washington, D.C. 20549. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. In addition, the SEC maintains a Web site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at www.sec.gov.

 

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Executive Officers of the Registrant

As of May 2, 2013, our executive officers, who are elected by and serve at the discretion of our Board of Directors, were as follows:

 

Executive Officer    Age      Position(s)    Executive
Officer
Since
 

Clifford D. Nastas

     50       Chief Executive Officer      2001   

James D. Pawlak

     44       Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Corporate Controller and Corporate Secretary      2010   

Michael R. Wilson

     51       Vice President, Global Operations      2008   

Matthew M. Murphy

     46       Vice President, General Manager of Asia      2008   

Clifford D. Nastas. On December 1, 2005, Mr. Nastas was named our Chief Executive Officer. Previously, Mr. Nastas served as President and Chief Operating Officer since June 2005. Prior to that time he held numerous executive positions with us, including Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer from October 2004 to June 2005; Vice President and General Manager of the Engineered Materials and Solutions Group (“EMS”) from May 2004 to October 2004; Vice President of Sales and Marketing of EMS from July 2003 to May 2004; and Vice President of Marketing of MSC Laminates and Composites from January 2001 to July 2003. Before joining MSC, Mr. Nastas served as the Global Automotive Business Director for Honeywell International Inc., a technology and manufacturing provider of aerospace products, control technologies, automotive products, specialty chemicals and advanced materials, from 1995 to 2001. Mr. Nastas was a director of Quixote Corporation from November 2009 until the company was sold in March 2010.

James D. Pawlak. On February 10, 2010, Mr. Pawlak was named our Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Corporate Controller and Corporate Secretary. Since joining MSC in 1990, Mr. Pawlak has progressed through several financial positions of increasing responsibility, including serving as Business Unit Controller from September 1996 to July 2005, as Director of Financial Planning and Analysis from July 2005 to September 2006 and as Director of Finance from September 2006 to February 2010. Mr. Pawlak is a registered certified public accountant.

Michael R. Wilson. On February 1, 2008, Mr. Wilson was named our Vice President, Global Operations. Prior to this appointment, Mr. Wilson worked for Ford Motor Company, an automobile manufacturer, in operations and manufacturing engineering for more than 24 years. Mr. Wilson held many operating positions for Ford in stamping and assembly, and he also served as Chief Engineer, Final Assembly Engineering, and Chief Engineer, Paint Engineering, where he had global responsibility for facilities, product launch and materials development.

Matthew M. Murphy. Mr. Murphy has served as Vice President, General Manager of Asia since December 2009. Before this, Mr. Murphy held a number of positions with MSC, including Vice President, Global Transportation Sales and Marketing from March 2008 to December 2009; Plant Manager at the MSC Walbridge Coatings facility from May 2007 to March 2008; Director of Automotive Sales and Marketing from March 2005 to May 2007; Marketing Manager of Automotive Accounts from December 2002 to March 2005; and Strategic Account Manager from April 2001 to December 2002. Prior to joining MSC, Mr. Murphy held positions in manufacturing, sales and marketing with General Motors Corporation, AlliedSignal Inc. and GW Plastics, Inc.

 

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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

The Securities and Exchange Commission encourages companies to disclose forward-looking information so that investors can better understand a company’s future prospects and make informed investment decisions. This Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements, which include, without limitation, statements regarding anticipated results based on management’s plans and assumptions. We have tried, wherever possible, to identify these statements by using words such as “anticipates,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes” and similar words and terms in any discussion of future operating or financial performance.

Achieving future results is subject to risks, uncertainties and inaccurate assumptions. Should known or unknown risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove inaccurate, actual results could vary materially from those anticipated, estimated or projected here. Many factors also could cause actual results to be materially different from any future results that may be expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-K. We undertake no obligation to update forward-looking statements as a result of future events or developments.

Outlined below are some of the risks that we face that could affect the business and financial position for fiscal 2014 and beyond. However, they are not the only risks that we face. There may be other risks that are not presently known or that management currently believes are immaterial, which could also negatively affect our business or financial statements.

We rely on sales to a small number of customers. The loss of substantial sales to any one of them could have an adverse effect on revenues and profits.

We derive a substantial portion of our revenue from a limited number of customers, most of which are North American automobile manufacturers or related suppliers. The loss of substantial sales to any one of them could adversely affect our operations. In fiscal 2013, our three largest customers—Chrysler, U.S. Steel, and Ford—represented 20%, 16% and 8% of consolidated net sales, respectively. During the past several years, the North American automobile manufacturing sector has lost market share in the United States, primarily to Asian competitors. Although we are actively targeting Asian and European manufacturers as potential customers, any further market share loss by these North American-based automakers or suppliers could have a material adverse effect on our business.

Uncertainty in the global economy, global credit markets and the financial services industry may affect the automotive and consumer/industrial markets, and as a result, our business, financial position and liquidity.

A significant portion of our revenues come from customers in the automotive industry. Purchases of new vehicles are typically discretionary for consumers and may be particularly affected by negative trends in the general economy. In addition, we sell in various automotive markets around the world, principally in North America, Europe and Asia. Those three markets are experiencing different trends in activity—North America and Asia are growing while Europe’s outlook is uncertain. Our sales and results of operations can be positively or negatively affected by changes in these three markets.

Severe financial difficulties or key component shortages—including bankruptcy or other problems experienced by any automotive manufacturer or significant automotive supplier—or a significant downturn in any sector of the global economy, could have a significant disruptive effect on the entire automotive industry, including us, leading to supply chain disruptions and labor unrest, among other things. Severe financial difficulties at any of our major suppliers could also have a material adverse effect on us if we are unable to obtain, on a timely basis, the quantity and quality of components or materials needed to produce our products.

We face intense competition in the acoustical and coated application industries and failure to successfully compete may negatively affect our business and financial performance.

We operate in a highly competitive business environment and face intense competition from a growing number of competitors, including an increasing number of foreign-based companies that may have greater resources than us. The elements of competition include price, quality, technical support and customer service. In the past, our competitors—especially global competitors with low cost sources of supply outside the United States—have aggressively priced their products and/or introduced new products to increase their market share. If we are unable to compete in this highly competitive environment, our business and financial performance could be negatively affected. A large portion of our sales are EG-related products. While we believe we offer an outstanding range of EG products and capabilities, we

 

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face the risk of substantial competition from other EG facilities and from alternative technologies, such as hot-dipping. We can offer no assurance that MSC will maintain the current volume of EG sales in the future.

The acceptance of our acoustical products for brake shims, engine components and body panel laminate parts by customers in North America, Europe and Asia is critical to our financial performance.

We have made a significant investment in the design and development of our material-based solutions to address NVH and mass-reduction problems in the automotive industry. If these solutions are not accepted by our customers in North America, Europe and Asia, our results of operations and financial position may be adversely affected.

Our business could be negatively affected by deterioration in labor relations.

As of February 28, 2013, we had 267 full- and part-time employees, of which approximately 44% were represented by labor unions with separate collective bargaining agreements. As these agreements expire, we cannot be assured that we will be able to renew the collective bargaining agreements on the same or similar terms, or at all. This could affect our business, results of operations or financial condition. In addition, if new labor agreements are negotiated, there can be no guarantee that these will be on satisfactory terms with regard to the efficiency and productivity of the work force. Further, we cannot be assured that the Company will not be subject to work stoppages or other labor disruptions that could have a material adverse effect on its business, results of operations or financial condition.

Our sales and profitability in Asia could be adversely impacted by manufacturing problems at our third-party manufacturing partner in Malaysia.

We continue to grow our sales in Asia. Our strategy to expand in Asia relies, in part, on the availability of lower cost, locally sourced products made available through our third-party manufacturing arrangement in Malaysia. If production problems arise in that facility, or our relationship with that manufacturer deteriorates, we could experience difficulty supporting our sales growth and/or profitability in Asia.

Our sales and profitability in Europe could be adversely impacted by the ongoing uncertain economic conditions in the European Union.

The ongoing economic challenges being faced in Europe have negatively impacted key automotive customers and continue to pose a challenge in meeting our strategic sales and profit goals there. Until the economy in Europe stabilizes, our results of operations and financial position may be adversely affected.

Many of our customers in the automotive industry have major union contracts with the same automobile workers’ unions. Any extended work stoppage could have a material adverse effect on our operating results and financial position.

Two of our largest customers, and many of their key suppliers, have major union contracts with the same automobile workers unions. Some of these union contracts may expire or be subject to modification during fiscal 2014. Any extended work stoppage that may occur during these negotiations could have a material adverse effect on our operating results and financial position.

Fluctuations in the price and availability of raw materials, which includes steel and coatings, and other inputs used by us—particularly zinc, nickel, natural gas and electricity—could adversely affect our ability to conduct business in a timely and profitable manner.

In recent years, the availability and price of metal have fluctuated, as mills increased or decreased their production in response to economic changes. Those changes have driven price changes that, at times, caused us to increase prices in a competitive market and/or absorb higher costs. We also experienced fluctuations in the price of zinc, nickel, electricity and natural gas in all periods presented. Our future profitability may be adversely affected to the extent we are unable to pass higher raw material costs to our customers. For more information, see the discussion in Item 7A, “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.”

Our customers or suppliers may be affected by natural disasters.

In recent years, a series of natural disasters have had short- to medium-term negative impacts on local economies around the world, including areas where we have operations, resulting in temporary reductions or changes in our customers’ purchase practices. The occurrence of natural disasters in any part of the world, especially North America, could have a negative effect on our sales or operating costs.

 

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An increase in the environmental risks, costs, recoveries and penalties associated with our past and present manufacturing operations could adversely affect our financial performance.

We are a party to various legal proceedings in connection with the remediation of certain environmental matters. We record reserves for these environmental matters using our historical experience and relevant information available from various third parties. There are a number of assumptions made in establishing these reserves including, without limitation, the estimated extent of environmental damage to any particular site, the available methods of remedy, estimated contribution of various other potentially responsible parties and the discretionary authority of federal and state regulatory authorities in bringing enforcement actions. New environmental issues, including potential new laws related to reducing greenhouse gasses, or changes in the assumptions surrounding existing environmental issues could have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

Our business and future development may be adversely affected if we are unable to retain key personnel.

Our success is highly dependent upon the services of key personnel in all areas of our business including, but not limited to, senior management, sales (including people trained in our NVH sales methodology) and operations, administration and finance. The loss of the services of one or more of these people could have an adverse effect upon the business and plans for future development. In addition, we have significantly reduced management and administrative positions in recent years as a result of cost-cutting initiatives. Lack of management resources could affect our ability to operate and compete in our industry.

Shifts in supply models could adversely affect our revenue and profits.

As market conditions change, there may be shifts in the supply model for certain products. We must adapt our pricing strategy accordingly, which may affect the comparability of revenues, operating margins and working capital for the fiscal years presented.

The trading price of our common stock may fluctuate substantially in the future.

In recent years, the trading price of our common stock has fluctuated substantially and may continue to do so as a result of a number of factors, some of which are not in our control. Here are some of the key factors:

   

Actual or anticipated fluctuations in our financial condition or annual or quarterly results of operations

   

Our inability to meet or exceed expectations of analysts or investors

   

Changes in the market valuations of companies viewed as similar to us

   

Changes in key personnel

   

Future sales of our common stock

   

Share repurchase programs

   

Increased competition

   

Realization of any of the risks described elsewhere under “Risk Factors”

   

General market and economic conditions.

These factors may adversely affect the trading price of our common stock—regardless of our actual operating performance—and could prevent investors from selling shares of our common stock above the purchase price they paid. In addition, from time to time stock markets experience extreme price and volume fluctuations that may be unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of companies trading on them. These broad fluctuations may adversely affect the market price of our common stock, regardless of our operating performance.

Our access to credit may be limited.

Although we currently have a $7.5 million credit line, our ability to draw on that line of credit is limited by outstanding letters of credit and by a borrowing base of accounts receivable and liens on other Company assets, including inventory, equipment, real property and intellectual property. At February 28, 2013, the net amount available to us under the line of credit was $3.9 million due to borrowing base limitations. There can be no assurances that we will continue to have access to this portion or any of the credit line if our operating and financial performance do not satisfy relevant borrowing base criteria. If we do not satisfy these criteria, and if we are unable to secure necessary waivers or other amendments from the lender of the credit line, we will not have access to this credit. In addition, the lender may, at its discretion, modify the percentage used in computing the borrowing base, which may limit the amounts available for future borrowings.

 

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Although we believe that our operating cash flows, on-hand cash levels and access to credit will give us the ability to meet our financing needs for the foreseeable future, there can be no assurance that they will do so. The lack of the borrowing availability under the credit line and our potential inability to obtain a replacement source of credit could materially affect our operations and financial condition.

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

We own or lease facilities with an aggregate of approximately 664,000 square feet of space. In addition to the principal physical properties we use in our manufacturing operations as summarized in the table below, we lease sales and administrative offices under operating leases.

In fiscal 2013, we sold our Plant No. 7, located in Elk Grove Village, Illinois and leased a portion of the building for our corporate and general offices. In fiscal 2011, we sold our Middletown, Ohio facility and equipment. Additional information concerning these transactions is included in Note 16, “Middletown Asset Sale,” and Note 18, “Sale of Elk Grove Village Building,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.”

We consider all of our principal facilities to be in good operating condition and sufficient to meet our near term operating requirements.

 

Location    Approximate
Area in Square Feet
     Ownership or
Lease Expiration
    Description

Elk Grove Village,

Illinois Plant No. 2

     205,000         Owner      Laminating and Coil
Coating Facility,
General Offices

Elk Grove Village,

Illinois Plant No. 7(1)

     35,000         August 2016      Corporate and
General Offices

Walbridge, Ohio

     351,000         April 2015 (2)    Electrogalvanizing,
Laminating and Coil
Coating Facility

Canton, Michigan

     57,000         Sept. 2018 (3)    NVH Testing and
Product
Development
Center, General
Offices

Eisenach, Germany

     16,000         Owner      Stamping and NVH
Testing Facility,
General Offices

 

(1) For further information, see Note 18, “Sale of Elk Grove Village Building,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8.
(2) The lease automatically extends in three-year increments through April 30, 2027, unless either party explicitly cancels the lease prior to each extension date.
(3) The Company has an option to extend this lease in five-year increments through September 2043 which includes an option to purchase beginning in March 2015.

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

Note 3 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8, entitled “Commitments and Contingencies,” is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Our common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “MASC.” The table below sets forth, by fiscal quarter, the high and low closing sales prices of our common stock during the past two fiscal years as reported by the NASDAQ.

 

Fiscal Year   Fiscal Quarter     High     Low  
2013     1 st    $ 9.07      $ 7.64   
    2 nd      9.02        7.90   
    3 rd      9.14        8.67   
    4 th      10.40        8.91   
Fiscal Year   Fiscal Quarter     High     Low  
2012     1 st    $ 7.99      $ 6.18   
    2 nd      8.88        6.61   
    3 rd      8.52        6.07   
    4 th      8.72        7.83   

There were 338 stockholders of record of our common stock at the close of business on May 2, 2013.

Dividends

MSC has not paid cash dividends other than a nominal amount in lieu of fractional shares in connection with stock dividends. If business circumstances should change, the Board of Directors may declare and instruct us to pay dividends.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock on September 14, 2011, and again on September 27, 2012. The shares may be repurchased from time-to-time on the open market, subject to market conditions and other factors, and generally will be funded with internally generated cash. The Company repurchased 283,388 shares under the September 2011 authorization during the twelve months ended February 28, 2013, none of which were repurchased during the three months ended February 28, 2013. At February 28, 2013, there were 364,476 shares available for purchase under the September 2011 authorization and 1,000,000 shares available for purchase under the September 2012 authorization.

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The following selected financial data should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements. The information set forth below does not necessarily indicate results of operations in the future. To fully understand factors that may affect the comparability of this financial data, it should be read in conjunction with Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes included in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.”

 

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Selected Financial Data

Material Sciences Corporation and Subsidiaries

 

(Dollars and number of shares in thousands,
except per share data, shareowners of record and
number of employees)
   Fiscal Year  
   2013      2012     2011      2010     2009  

Statement of Operations Data

              

Net Sales

   $ 121,007       $ 136,734      $ 137,624       $ 137,820      $ 187,026   

Gross Profit

     28,514         33,668        31,682         16,091        11,085   

Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations Before Income Taxes(1)

     12,609         13,551        12,368         (11,705     (25,628

Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations

     8,994         28,467        12,044         (11,620     (33,111

Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes

     3,615         (14,916     324         (85     7,483   

Net Income (Loss)(1)

     8,994         28,467        12,044         (11,620     (33,111

Diluted Net Income (Loss) Per Share

   $ 0.86       $ 2.49      $ 0.93       $ (0.89   $ (2.41

Balance Sheet Data

              

Working Capital

   $ 66,810       $ 52,457      $ 56,223       $ 31,573      $ 33,176   

Net Property, Plant and Equipment

     29,160         34,735        30,476         41,138        47,746   

Total Assets

     127,106         125,096        113,930         104,050        110,039   

Total Long Term Liabilities

     12,716         15,350        11,795         13,812        13,824   

Total Debt

                                     

Shareowners’ Equity

     94,936         87,980        78,198         62,680        74,220   

Average Capital Employed(2)

   $ 91,458       $ 83,089      $ 70,439       $ 68,450      $ 94,676   

Cash Flow Data

              

Depreciation, Amortization and Accretion

   $ 4,670       $ 4,906      $ 5,572       $ 8,536      $ 10,671   

Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Operating Activities

     7,359         19,329        9,302         2,808        (1,840

Capital Expenditures

   $ 4,897       $ 9,194      $ 2,359       $ 1,094      $ 3,720   

Financial Ratios

              

Gross Profit as a % of Net Sales

     23.6      24.6     23.0      11.7     5.9

SG&A Expenses as a % of Net Sales

     16.6      15.4     16.4      19.3     18.1

Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations Before Income Taxes as a % of Net Sales

     10.4      9.9     9.0      (8.5 %)      (13.7 %) 

Net Income (Loss) as a % of Net Sales

     7.4      20.8     8.8      (8.4 %)      (17.7 %) 

Research and Development as a % of Net Sales

     3.4      2.8     1.7      2.0     2.4

Effective Income Tax Rate on Continuing Operations

     28.7      (110.1 %)      2.6      0.7     (29.2 %) 

Return on Average Shareowners’ Equity

     9.8      34.3     17.1      (17.0 %)      (35.0 %) 

Return on Average Capital Employed

     9.8      34.3     17.1      (17.0 %)      (35.0 %) 

Other Data

              

Per Share Information:

              

Book Value

   $ 9.11       $ 7.69      $ 6.04       $ 4.80      $ 5.41   

Market Price:

              

High

   $ 10.40       $ 8.88      $ 7.32       $ 2.25      $ 8.67   

Low

   $ 7.64       $ 6.07      $ 1.70       $ 0.51      $ 0.90   

Close

   $ 10.15       $ 8.66      $ 7.32       $ 1.91      $ 1.01   

Weighted Average Number of Common Shares Outstanding Plus Dilutive Shares

     10,425         11,441        12,957         13,049        13,716   

Shareowners of Record

     338         399        416         443        559   

Number of Employees

     267         269        264         339        372   
(1) In fiscal 2013, MSC recorded a gain on the sale of the Plant #7 building in Elk Grove Village, Illinois of $3,216. In fiscal 2012, MSC recorded restructuring expenses of $583, consisting primarily of employee termination benefit expenses in the U.S. and Germany. In fiscal 2011, MSC recorded a gain of $6,643 on the sales of our Middletown facility and equipment and certain of our Elk Grove Village coil coating assets, a charge of $3,720 related to asset impairment, and a charge of $1,324 related to restructuring expenses in connection with the sale of the Elk Grove Village coil coating assets. In fiscal 2010, the Company recorded restructuring expenses of $1,639, consisting primarily of employee termination benefits, in connection with a restructuring plan that eliminated production and selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) positions. In fiscal 2009, MSC recorded a charge of $8,092 related to long-lived asset impairment; a gain of $5,897 on the sale of the assets and real property located in Morrisville, Pennsylvania; and a charge of $2,206 related to forward purchase contracts for nickel and natural gas.
(2) Average capital employed represents the average of the total debt and shareowners’ equity at the beginning and ending of the fiscal year.

 

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ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Executive Summary

We report segment information based on how we view our business for evaluating performance and making operating decisions. For the periods discussed in this Item 7, we report results on the basis of one reportable segment. This segment focuses on providing material-based solutions for acoustical and coated applications. Our acoustical material-based solutions consist of layers of metal and other coated materials used to manage noise and vibration in such products as vehicle body panel parts, brake dampers, engine parts, appliances, electronics, and other industrial applications. Our coated material-based solutions include coil coated, electrogalvanized (“EG”) and film protective and decorative coatings applied to coils of metal in a continuous, high-speed, roll-to-roll process for such products as automotive fuel tanks, building products, gaskets, appliances and lighting fixtures. We use a significant level of shared assets and resources across each of our product categories. It is common for a single customer or end-user to purchase products from several product categories.

We have taken steps in recent years to adjust our capacity to match market needs and to exit certain low-profitability coil coating markets. These actions were taken because we recognized that the coil coating marketplace had excess capacity, which was having a negative effect on our results. Leaving these markets allows us to focus our activities in higher value, more specialized products. We have also sought to optimize our invested capital, selling assets that no longer provide positive contributions to our results. These were the significant steps taken:

   

In August 2012, we sold our Plant #7 building in Elk Grove Village, generating $9.2 million in cash—the principal reason our cash balance increased in fiscal 2013

   

During fiscal 2011 and fiscal 2012, management implemented restructuring plans that resulted in the elimination of production and SG&A positions.

   

In June 2010, we sold the idled facility and related production equipment located in Middletown, Ohio (“Middletown”).

   

In April 2010, we sold a portion of our coil coating assets—including the coil coating machinery, related processing equipment and corresponding customer base—associated with our Plant #7 in Elk Grove Village, Illinois (“Elk Grove Village”).

See additional discussion of all these transactions in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

As a result, MSC has improved its gross profit by moving away from low margin coil coated products and reducing excess capacity and overhead costs. The Company also generated cash by selling the excess non-performing assets. However, the sale of the coil coating assets has left us more dependent on fewer customers, and on a smaller selection of products, than in prior years. Although MSC has engaged in significant sales of production assets in recent years, it is unlikely this will continue. We will consider selling other non-core assets if the circumstances are appropriate.

Results of Operations as a Percentage of Net Sales (Fiscal Years)

 

      2013           2012      2011  

Net Sales

     100.0          100.0      100.0

Cost of Sales

     76.4             75.4         77.0   

Gross Profit

     23.6             24.6         23.0   

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

     16.6             15.4         16.4   

Gain on Sale of Assets

     (2.7                  (4.8

Asset Impairment Charges

                         2.7   

Restructuring and Other

                 0.4         1.0   

Income from Operations

     9.7             8.8         7.7   

Total Other Income, Net

     0.7             1.1         1.2   

Income from Continuing Operations Before Income Taxes

     10.4             9.9         9.0   

Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes

     3.0             (10.9      0.2   

Net Income

     7.4          20.8      8.8

 

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Results of Operations—Fiscal 2013 Compared with Fiscal 2012

 

($ in thousands)    2013      2012      Fav(Unfav)
Variance
     % Fav(Unfav)
Variance
 

Net Sales

   $ 121,007       $ 136,734       $ (15,727      (11.5 )% 

Gross Profit

   $ 28,514       $ 33,668       $ (5,154      (15.3 )% 

    % of Net Sales

     23.6      24.6      

Selling, General and Administrative

   $ 20,024       $ 21,117       $ 1,093         (5.2 )% 

    % of Net Sales

     16.6      15.4      

Net Sales

 

($ in thousands)    Net Sales  
Application    Fiscal
2013
     Fiscal
2012
     Variance
$
     Variance
%
 

Acoustical

   $ 73,851       $ 68,343       $ 5,508         8.1

Coated

     47,156         68,391         (21,235      (31.0 )% 

Total

   $ 121,007       $ 136,734       $ (15,727      (11.5 )% 

Sales for the fiscal year ended February 28, 2013, decreased by $15.7 million from the prior fiscal year.

Acoustical sales increased $5.5 million. Brake sales increased $5.3 million due to higher aftermarket (“AM”) and original equipment (“OE”) brake sales in North American and Asian markets, partially offset by lower brake sales in Europe. Body panel Quiet Steel sales were up $1.3 million and sales related to engine products declined $0.1 million. Other acoustical sales, net of returns & allowances (which includes scrap sales), declined $0.8 million.

Coated metal products sales declined $21.2 million. Sales of EG material declined $14.3 million, primarily because a significant portion of the prior year’s opportunistic shipments to our steel mill customers did not repeat in the current fiscal year. Fuel tank sales declined $5.9 million primarily due to lower sales to Ford as they continue their conversion of certain vehicles to plastic fuel tanks. These sales declines were partially offset by a $0.9 million increase in aluminum pretreatment sales. Other coated sales, net of returns & allowances (which includes scrap sales), declined by $1.9 million, driven primarily by a decline in scrap sales due to lower production volumes.

Gross Profit. Gross profit was $28.5 million, or 23.6% of net sales, for fiscal 2013 compared with $33.7 million, or 24.6% of net sales, for fiscal 2012. The decline resulted from several factors. The most significant cause was our lower sales of EG and fuel tank products and the corresponding decline in facility utilization. Scrap sales declined due to lower production volumes and lower market prices for scrap. We also incurred higher product quality-related expenses, due in part to new product development efforts on our production lines. These factors were partially offset by lower raw material prices.

SG&A Expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses were $20.0 million, 5.2% lower than fiscal 2012’s $21.1 million. The main reasons for the improvement were a $1.1 million decrease in management incentive expense, a decrease in facility costs of $0.7 million due to the sale of the Elk Grove Village Plant #7 building and lower professional fees of $0.3 million. These improvements were partially offset by higher workers’ compensation expense of $0.5 million due mainly to legacy claims from a former California subsidiary, and higher product development and employee expenses of $0.5 million due to expanding sales and product development efforts to accelerate our growth.

Gain on Sale of Assets. We recorded a gain of $3.2 million on the sale of the Elk Grove Village Plant #7 during fiscal 2013. No asset sales occurred in fiscal 2012. See Note 18, “Sale of Elk Grove Village Building,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of this gain.

Restructuring. There were no restructuring expenses in fiscal 2013; there were $0.6 million in fiscal 2012. We did not have any restructuring activities in the current year. See Note 14, “Restructuring,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our restructuring activities.

 

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Total Other Income, Net. Total other income, net, was $0.9 million in fiscal 2013 compared with $1.6 million in fiscal 2012. The decrease was principally due to a $0.5 million decline in rental income due to the sale of our Elk Grove Village Plant #7 building and a $0.2 million decline in income from our joint venture partnership with Tekno. Total other income, net includes rental income of $0.6 million and $1.1 million in fiscal 2013 and fiscal 2012, respectively. The rental income was from leases in our Elk Grove Village Plant #7, which had operating expenses of $0.6 million (including depreciation of $0.3 million) during the six months ended August 31, 2012, (the period we owned the building in fiscal 2013) and $1.5 million (including depreciation of $0.9 million) during the twelve months ended February 29, 2012.

Income Taxes. Our effective income tax rate was an expense of 28.7% in fiscal 2013 as compared with a benefit of 110.1% in fiscal 2012. The change was primarily due to the reversal of $18.8 million of the valuation allowance on our U.S. and German deferred tax assets during fiscal 2012. See Note 8, “Income Taxes,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8.

Results of Operations—Fiscal 2012 Compared with Fiscal 2011

 

($ in thousands)    2012      2011      Fav(Unfav)
Variance
     % Fav(Unfav)
Variance
 

Net Sales

   $ 136,734       $ 137,624       $ (890      (0.6 )% 

Gross Profit

   $ 33,668       $ 31,682       $ 1,986         6.3

    % of Net Sales

     24.6      23.0      

Selling, General and Administrative

   $ 21,117       $ 22,621       $ 1,504         6.7

    % of Net Sales

     15.4      16.4      

Net Sales

 

($ in thousands)    Net Sales  
Application    Fiscal
2012
     Fiscal
2011
     Variance
$
     Variance
%
 

Acoustical

   $ 68,343       $ 73,094       $ (4,751      (6.5 )% 

Coated

     68,391         64,530         3,861         6.0

Total

   $ 136,734       $ 137,624       $ (890      (0.6 )% 

Sales for the fiscal year ended February 29, 2012, decreased by $0.9 million from the prior fiscal year.

Acoustical sales declined $4.8 million. Body panel laminate sales declined $4.3 million, due primarily to $3.5 million in lower shipments to General Motors (“GM”), as some models containing Quiet Steel have gone out of production and GM stopped using the technology on certain other models, and $1.0 million of lower shipments to Chrysler—due to lower builds of vehicles which use our product—partially offset by higher sales for Ford applications. Sales related to engine products declined $0.2 million due to lower sales to automotive manufacturers partially offset by higher sales to Class 8 truck manufacturers. Brake sales declined by $0.2 million, with higher sales to Asian and European customers offsetting lower North American after-market shipments. All other sales decreased by $0.1 million.

Sales of coated metal products increased $3.9 million. The increase was driven by $13.5 million in stronger sales of EG products used primarily in automotive body panel applications, as well as $2.5 million in higher sales from our ElectroBrite® product. The prior-year sale of coil coating assets at the Elk Grove Village Plant #7, and the associated revenue, accounted for a $7.5 million reduction in net sales. Fuel tank sales decreased $6.1 million because certain vehicles at Ford have converted from the coated steel supplied by MSC to plastic fuel tank materials. Other coated sales accounted for an increase of $0.7 million, primarily in products used in lighting. Returns and allowances (a component of net sales) improved by $0.8 million mainly due to higher scrap sales associated with a higher production volume mix.

 

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Gross Profit. Gross profit was $33.7 million, or 24.6% of net sales, for fiscal 2012 compared with $31.7 million, or 23.0% of net sales, for fiscal 2011. This change resulted primarily from the two factors detailed below:

   

Sales and operating factors accounted for a $1.0 million increase in gross profit, reflecting an improvement in the coated metal sales mix and gross margin due to lower volumes of coil coating sales, and higher sales of EG coated metal; partially offset by higher material costs.

   

The cost of non-conformance (product quality, net of scrap sales) improved by $0.9 million from a year ago because scrap metal sales—which are a byproduct of our manufacturing process—increased. This increase was partially offset by higher product claim and production scrap expenses.

SG&A Expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses (“SG&A”) were $21.1 million, 6.7% lower than fiscal 2011’s $22.6 million. The main reason for the improvement was a $1.1 million decrease in expense for the directors’ phantom stock incentive program—because of a smaller increase in the market price of the Company’s stock compared to last year—and decreases in professional fees of $1.1 million and depreciation expense of $0.3 million. These improvements were partially offset by higher product development and employee expenses of $1.0 million due to expanding sales and product development efforts to accelerate our growth.

Restructuring. Restructuring expenses were $0.6 million, 56% lower than fiscal 2011’s $1.3 million. The amount is lower because we engaged in fewer restructuring activities in the current year. See Note 14, “Restructuring,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our restructuring activities.

Total Other Income, Net. Total other income, net, was $1.6 million in fiscal 2012 compared with $1.7 million in fiscal 2011. The decrease was due to higher interest expense in our German subsidiary, as discussed in Note 19, “German Subsidy,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8. Total other income, net includes rental income of $1.1 million and $0.9 million in fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011, respectively. The rental income was from leases in our Elk Grove Village Plant #7, which had operating expenses of $1.4 million (including depreciation of $0.8 million) and $1.5 million (including depreciation of $0.9 million) recorded in SG&A during the twelve months ended February 29, 2012 and February 28, 2011, respectively.

Income Taxes. Our effective income tax rate was a benefit of 110.1% in fiscal 2012 as compared with an expense of 2.6% in fiscal 2011. The change was primarily due to the reversal of the valuation allowance on our U.S. and German deferred tax assets during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012. See Note 8, “Income Taxes,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

We have historically financed our operations with funds generated from operating activities, borrowings under credit facilities and sales of various assets. We believe that our cash on hand and cash flows will be sufficient to fund our operations and meet our working capital needs for the foreseeable future.

We generated $7.4 million of cash from operating activities in fiscal 2013 compared with $19.3 million and $9.3 million in fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011, respectively. The main components of cash generated from operating activities consisted of net income of $9.0 million, non-cash activities of $5.6 million, negative cash flow of $7.4 million from changes in assets and liabilities (primarily working capital and long-term liabilities) and a cash dividend received from our joint venture partnership with Tekno of $0.5 million.

The $12.0 million decrease in cash generated from operations from fiscal 2012 to fiscal 2013 is due to several factors:

   

A $4.2 million increase in inventories in fiscal 2013 compared to fiscal 2012, driven by a shift in sales mix to products with slower inventory turns, higher stock levels in Asia to support our growth, lower fourth quarter sales, and advance purchases of certain commodity raw materials to take advantage of favorable prices. The Company believes that inventory levels are too high relative to sales at the end of fiscal 2013. MSC will take steps to reduce inventory levels relative to sales in fiscal 2014.

   

Fiscal 2013 net income, after adjustment for non-cash items, decreased by $3.8 million from the prior year.

 

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Fiscal 2012 included a $2.4 million payment from a significant customer that was delayed from fiscal 2011; this was not repeated in fiscal 2013.

   

Our income tax receivable position at the end of fiscal 2013 was $1.3 million higher than at the end of fiscal 2012. The refundable position is due to the tax loss on the sale of our Elk Grove Village Plant #7 building during fiscal 2013.

   

At February 28, 2013, accounts receivable, relative to sales, was higher than at February 29, 2012, because:

   

Our sales mix has shifted to a product mix in which we are experiencing longer payment terms, increasing DSO.

   

Changes in payment systems and technical issues with electronic billing transactions at three of our significant domestic customers resulted in delays in payments of approximately $0.9 million that were expected to be received in fiscal 2013, based on payment terms. We expect to receive these payments in the first quarter of fiscal 2014.

   

Other changes in assets and liabilities generated $0.6 million more cash in fiscal 2013 than fiscal 2012.

In fiscal 2013, we invested $4.9 million in capital improvement projects compared with $9.2 million and $2.4 million in fiscal 2012 and 2011, respectively. The fiscal 2013 investments were primarily to improve productivity and expand our production and product testing capabilities. Fiscal 2014 capital expenditures are projected to be approximately $6.1 million.

In December 2008, we sold the Morrisville assets and received $5.0 million in cash and a note receivable for $4.1 million. In February 2009, the note was increased to $4.7 million for inventory sold to the buyer. We received $1.1 million in principal payments through February 28, 2010; reduced the note balance by $1.9 million in consideration for the transfer of all warranty liability to the buyer; and the buyer paid $1.7 million and retired the note in the first quarter of fiscal 2011.

In April 2010, we sold a portion of our coil coating assets, including the coil coating machinery, related processing equipment and corresponding customer base associated with our Plant #7 in Elk Grove Village to Roll Coater, Inc. for $10.0 million ($9.3 million after investment banking fees). In addition, we entered into a three-year lease agreement to store the purchased equipment. The transaction did not include the sale of any real estate by MSC. The Company recorded a gain on the sale of approximately $4.7 million (net of fees) in the first quarter of fiscal 2011. MSC also recorded $1.1 million of employee termination benefit expenses and $0.2 million of inventory write-off expenses in connection with the sale. See Note 17 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements entitled “Elk Grove Village Asset Sale” for further discussion.

In June 2010, we sold the idled facility and related production equipment located in Middletown, Ohio to NCI Group for $4.9 million. The Company recorded a gain on the sale of approximately $1.9 million (net of fees) in the second quarter of fiscal 2011. See Note 16 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements entitled “Middletown Asset Sale” for further discussion.

In August 2012, we sold our Plant #7 building in Elk Grove Village, Illinois for $9.2 million, net of selling and other costs. The Company recorded a gain of approximately $3.2 million on the sale, but will report a tax loss on the sale of approximately $5.4 million, generating cash tax savings of approximately $1.8 million. See Note 18 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements entitled “Sale of Elk Grove Village Building” for further details.

The Company has a credit line (“Line”) with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. Interest on the Line is at the bank’s prime rate (3.25% as of February 28, 2013) or Libor plus 1.50%, at our discretion. There are annual letter of credit fees of 1.50% on outstanding letters of credit and a 0.25% fee on the annual unused credit line. The Line is secured by a borrowing base equal to a specified percentage of accounts receivable and liens on other assets of the Company (including inventory, equipment, real property and intellectual property), reduced by outstanding letters of credit, and may require consent from the lender before any significant sales of the equipment or real property securing the Line. In April 2010, the Line was amended to reduce the credit line to $7.5 million and increase the minimum availability covenant to $2.5 million. In May 2011, the Line was amended to extend the expiration date from May 12, 2011, to May 13, 2013. The Line does not contain any material financial covenants. The Company does not intend to renew the Line when it expires on May 13, 2013, because it has adequate cash flows and on-hand cash levels to meet current and foreseeable financing needs. In order to continue the availability of letters of credit, as needed, MSC will restrict an appropriate amount of its cash to secure the letters of credit.

 

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Due to the borrowing base limitations and outstanding letters of credit of $1.1 million, the net amount available for borrowing at February 28, 2013, was $3.9 million. The lender may, at its discretion subject to the terms of the Line, modify the advance rates used in computing the borrowing base, which may limit the amounts available for future borrowings. There were no borrowings outstanding under the Line as of February 28, 2013, nor were any amounts borrowed during the 12 months ended February 28, 2013, or February 29, 2012.

Our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock on September 14, 2011, and again on September 27, 2012. The shares may be repurchased from time-to-time on the open market, subject to market conditions and other factors, and generally will be funded with internally generated cash. The Company repurchased 283,388 shares under the September 2011 authorization during the twelve months ended February 28, 2013. At February 28, 2013, there were 364,476 shares available for purchase under the September 2011 authorization and 1,000,000 shares available for purchase under the September 2012 authorization.

The following table provides information about Company purchases of common stock (in thousands).

 

Period    Total Number
of Shares
Purchased
     Total Cost      Total Number of
Shares
Purchased as
Part of a Written
Trading Plan(1)
     Maximum
Number of
Shares that
May Yet Be
Purchased
Pursuant to the
Board
Authorization
 

March 1, 2010 – February 28, 2011

     16         111         16         1,098   

March 1, 2011 – February 29, 2012

     2,450         17,538         2,450         648   

March 1, 2012 – February 28, 2013

     283         2,333         283         364   

Total

     2,749       $ 19,982         2,749            
(1) On February 25, 2011, the Company entered into a written trading plan as part of the existing share repurchase program. The plan expired on May 26, 2011, when all of the shares authorized in the plan had been purchased. On May 27, 2011, the Company entered into a written trading plan to purchase up to 1,000,000 shares as part of the existing share repurchase program. The plan commenced on June 1, 2011, and expired on September 22, 2011, when 1,000,000 shares had been repurchased. On October 10, 2011, MSC entered into a new written trading plan to purchase up to 1,000,000 shares. 448,147 shares were purchased under this plan before it was replaced on July 16, 2012, by a new written trading plan to purchase up to 551,853 shares. 187,377 shares were purchased under the July 2012 plan before it expired on February 15, 2013. On February 15, 2013, MSC entered into a new written trading plan to purchase up to 364,476 shares. All of the trading plans were written under Rule 10b5-1 of the Exchange Act. As of February 28, 2013, all 364,476 shares remained to be purchased under this trading plan.

We continually review the potential for investments in our growth markets. In addition, we also evaluate the potential value to shareowners of divesting facilities or other assets that are not performing to our expectations. The Company does not have an active strategy of selling assets, but will consider appropriate opportunities if they will improve shareowner value. During fiscal 2013, at the direction of the Board of Directors, MSC sold the building at 2200 East Pratt Boulevard in Elk Grove Village, Illinois, because it was no longer an operating asset. See Note 18 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements entitled “Sale of Elk Grove Village Building” for further information.

Contractual Obligations. The following table summarizes the contractual obligations we have outstanding as of February 28, 2013 (in thousands).

 

Contractual Obligations    Obligations Due In  
      Total      Less than
1 Year
     1-3
Years
     3-5
Years
     More than
5 Years
 

Operating Leases

   $ 5,532       $ 1,660       $ 2,412       $ 1,229       $ 231   

Purchase Obligations

     3,258         3,257         1                   

Other Long-term Liabilities(1)

     10,178         3,331         2,294         1,308         3,245   

Unrecognized Tax Benefits(2)

     526                                 526   

Total

   $ 19,494       $ 8,248       $ 4,707       $ 2,537         $4,002  
1) Other Long-term Liabilities represent the expected payments for the Company’s funding requirements for pension and other postretirement benefits. See Note 6 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.
2) Unrecognized tax benefits consist of uncertain tax positions for which we are not able to reasonably estimate the timing of the potential future payments. See Note 8 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements. We had no off-balance sheet arrangements as of February 28, 2013, other than the operating leases presented in the table of contractual obligations.

 

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Contingencies

MSC’s environmental reserves were approximately $1.2 million as of both February 28, 2013 and February 29, 2012. The Company does not believe that the outcome of its environmental legal proceedings will have a material adverse effect on its results of operations, financial position or cash flows, given the reserves recorded as of February 28, 2013, and, where applicable, taking into account contributions from other PRPs. There are, however, a number of uncertainties including, without limitation, the cost of site cleanup, the discretionary authority of federal and state regulatory authorities in bringing enforcement actions and other factors that affect the Company’s range of exposures.

Inflation

We believe that general inflation has not had a significant impact on fiscal 2013, 2012 or 2011 results of operations. However, as explained below in Item 7A, “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk,” we have experienced fluctuating costs for both raw materials and energy that have had an effect on our gross profit in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011.

Critical Accounting Policies

Our significant accounting policies are presented within the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (see Note 1 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements entitled “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies”) included elsewhere in this Form 10-K. While all of the significant accounting policies affect our Consolidated Financial Statements, some of the policies may be viewed to be critical. These policies are those that are both most important to the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations and require our most difficult, subjective or complex judgments and estimates. We base these judgments and estimates on historical experience and various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. The results of judgments and estimates form the basis for making judgments about our value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results could differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. We believe the following critical accounting policies, among others, affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in preparing our Consolidated Financial Statements.

Revenue Recognition. We recognize revenue when delivery has occurred and the risk of loss has passed to the customer. This is generally upon shipment of goods to customers, except when shipping terms dictate otherwise. We record shipping and handling billed to a customer in a sales transaction as revenue. Costs incurred for shipping and handling are recorded in cost of sales. Volume discounts due customers are recognized as earned and reported as reductions of revenue in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. We also record reductions to revenue for credits issued to customers resulting from scrap credits and manufacturing claims for product defects, based upon historical experience and upon specific claims issues as they arise. We also record as revenue all sales of scrapped and distressed inventory.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts. We provide for an allowance for uncollectible accounts using both specific and general estimates. We calculate a specific reserve for disputed accounts receivable items by assessing specific receivables that are aged and evaluating the aging of the total receivable pool using both historical data and current knowledge of particular items. We calculate a general reserve for bankruptcy and insolvency by applying a fixed allowance percentage to the total receivable pool.

Inventory. We carry inventory at the lower of cost or market, using either the specific identification or average cost method of cost valuation. Obsolete, damaged and excessive inventories are carried at net realizable value. Historical recovery rates, current market conditions, inventory receipt date and sales plans are key factors used in assessing the net realizable value of obsolete, damaged and excess inventory. We evaluate the overheads allocated to inventory based upon factory run hours and charge costs related to abnormal under-utilization directly against income. We evaluate our ability to sell inventory and recover costs of inventory through the normal sales process and record “lower of cost or market” reserves in cases where we cannot. We evaluate these factors on an interim basis as well as at year end and record adjustments as appropriate to reflect necessary write-downs. There are inherent uncertainties related to determining the recoverability of inventory that may affect our future financial statements as we reevaluate the recoverable amounts during each interim period and year end.

Long-Lived Assets. Long-lived assets consist of property, plant and equipment and are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable based on projections of cash flows on a non-discounted basis. If the carrying value of the long-lived assets is higher than the undiscounted cash flows related to the asset group, an impairment loss

 

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may be necessary. This loss is measured by the difference between the fair value of the assets and their carrying value. Fair value is determined based on market quotes, if available, or on valuation techniques such as discounted cash flows. The valuation techniques use certain assumptions we make including, but not limited to, the estimated fair market value of assets, which are based on additional assumptions such as public market data; depreciation factors for orderly liquidation, including allowances such as dismantlement and removal; and the relationship between replacement cost (new) and market value based on the age of the assets.

We did not perform an analysis of the carrying amount of our long-lived assets during fiscal 2013 or 2012, because we did not experience an event or conditions which indicated the carrying amount might be impaired. However, we did analyze the carrying amount of certain assets affected by the sale in fiscal 2011 of coil coating assets located in Elk Grove Village. See Note 15 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements entitled “Asset Impairment” for further discussion of the analysis and results.

Income Taxes.

We account for income taxes in accordance with the liability method. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences. These are attributed to the differences between the financial statement and income tax bases of assets and liabilities and tax credit and operating loss carryforwards using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which the differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The recoverability of deferred tax assets depends on our assessment of whether it is more likely than not that sufficient future taxable income will be generated in the relevant tax jurisdiction to utilize the deferred tax asset.

In evaluating our ability to recover our deferred tax assets, in full or in part, we consider a number of factors. These involve all available positive and negative evidence including our past operating results, the existence of cumulative income or losses in the most recent fiscal years and our forecast of future taxable income on a jurisdiction-by-jurisdiction basis. In determining future taxable income, we review the reversal of temporary differences and the implementation of feasible and prudent tax planning strategies. In the event we determine that our future taxable income will not be sufficient to utilize our deferred tax assets, a valuation allowance is recorded. If that assessment changes, a charge or a benefit would be recorded in our statement of operations. We currently believe that we will realize the benefit of our deferred tax assets in the United States and Germany, except for net operating losses in certain state jurisdictions, and therefore we have and will maintain our valuation allowance on certain state net operating losses.

We may recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position are measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. There are inherent uncertainties related to interpreting tax regulations in the jurisdictions in which we transact business. If judgments and estimates change, there is a risk that the tax rate may increase or decrease in any period.

Retirement Plans. The plan obligations and related assets of defined benefit retirement plans (including the non-contributory supplemental pension plans for some of our prior officers) and other postretirement health care plans are presented in Note 6 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements entitled “Retirement and Savings Plans.” Plan assets, which consist primarily of marketable equity and debt instruments, are valued using market quotations. Plan obligations and the annual pension expense are determined by using a number of assumptions including the discount rate and the estimated future return on plan assets.

Environmental Reserves. We are a party to various legal proceedings in connection with the remediation of certain environmental matters. We record these environmental reserves based on historical experience and the extent of relevant information available from various third parties. A number of assumptions are made including, without limitation, the estimated extent of the environmental damage to any particular site, the available methods of remedy, the contribution expected from various other potentially responsible parties and the discretionary authority of federal and state regulatory authorities in bringing enforcement actions.

Accounting Pronouncements

On June 16, 2011, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2011-05, which revises the manner in which entities present comprehensive income in their financial statements. The new guidance removes the presentation options in ASC 220 and requires entities to report components of

 

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comprehensive income in either (1) a continuous statement of comprehensive income or (2) two separate but consecutive statements. Under the two-statement approach, the first statement would include components of net income, which is consistent with the income statement format used today, and the second statement would include components of other comprehensive income (“OCI”). The ASU does not change the items that must be reported in OCI. For public entities, the ASU’s amendments are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company adopted the guidance in the ASU effective with its first quarter fiscal 2013 Form 10-Q. No material changes resulted from the adoption except for the addition of a statement of comprehensive income to the primary financial statements presented in Forms 10-Q and 10-K subsequent to the adoption date.

On February 5, 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-02, which requires an entity to report the effect of significant reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income on the respective line items in net income if the amount being reclassified is required under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) to be reclassified in its entirety to net income. For other amounts that are not required under U.S. GAAP to be reclassified in their entirety to net income in the same reporting period, an entity is required to cross-reference other disclosures required under U.S. GAAP that provide additional detail about those amounts. For public entities, the ASU is effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2012. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this guidance, which may result in changes in the presentation of its financial statements.

 

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ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

We operate internationally in Europe, China, Japan and Malaysia, have a joint venture in Brazil, and have a production agreement with a company in Korea. This means we are subject to potentially adverse movements in foreign currency rates. For the years ended February 28, 2013, and February 29, 2012, foreign sales were approximately 13.0% and 11.0% of consolidated net sales, respectively. Historically, the effect of movements in the exchange rates has not been material to our financial position or our results of operations. We believe the movement in foreign currency exchange rates will not have a material adverse effect on our financial statements.

We had a $7.5 million line of credit at the lender’s prime rate of interest (3.25% on February 28, 2013) or at LIBOR plus 1.50%. There was no debt outstanding as of February 28, 2013, although we did have $1.1 million in outstanding letters of credit at that date. See Note 4 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements entitled “Indebtedness.”

In the ordinary course of business, the Company enters into purchase contracts for procuring nickel carbonate, zinc shot and natural gas which are commodities used in its manufacturing processes. The intent of entering into these agreements is to mitigate the market risk and volatility associated with the pricing of these commodities. MSC maintains a commodity forward purchase policy which seeks to ensure that at any point in time the majority of the expected consumption over the next 12 months will be secured under a purchase contract at a pre-determined price. The following table lists contracts in place at February 28, 2013. We have applied the Normal Purchase/Normal Sale election to all these contracts.

 

Commodity    Contract Period      Remaining Contract
Obligation (000s)
 

Natural Gas

     11/1/2012 - 3/31/2013       $ 59   

Natural Gas

     4/1/2013 - 10/31/2013         433   

Natural Gas

     11/1/2013 - 3/31/2014         304   

Total Natural Gas

              796   

Zinc shot

     3/1/2013 - 2/28/2014         1,605   

Nickel Carbonate

     3/1/2013 - 2/28/2014         711   

Total Commodities

            $ 3,112   

The table below presents the carrying amount of the Company’s nickel carbonate, zinc shot and natural gas inventory as of February 28, 2013.

 

      Carrying
Amount
(000s)
 

Inventory

  

Nickel Carbonate

   $ 1,352   

Zinc Shot

     821   

Natural Gas

     82   

Total

   $ 2,255   

 

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ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

The following pages contain the Financial Statements and Supplementary Data as required by Item 8 of Part II of Form 10-K.

 

      Page No.  

Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firms

     25   

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended February 28, 2013, and February  29, 2012, and February 28, 2011

     28   

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the years ended February 28, 2013,
February  29, 2012, and February 28, 2011

     29   

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of February 28, 2013, and February 29, 2012

     30   

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years Ended February 28, 2013, and February  29, 2012, and February 28, 2011

     31   

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareowners’ Equity for the years ended February  28, 2013, and February 29, 2012, and February 28, 2011

     32   

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     33   

Schedule II. Reserve for Receivable Allowances and Inventory Reserves

     55   

 

Note: All other financial statement schedules are omitted because they are not applicable or the required information is included in the Consolidated Financial Statements or related notes.

 

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

Board of Directors and Shareholders

Material Sciences Corporation

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Material Sciences Corporation (a Delaware corporation) and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of February 28, 2013 and the related consolidated statements of operations, cash flows, shareowners’ equity, and comprehensive income for the period ended February 28, 2013. Our audit of the basic consolidated financial statements included the financial statement schedule listed in the index appearing under Item 15(1)(b). These consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Material Sciences Corporation and subsidiaries as of February 28, 2013, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the period ended February 28, 2013 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the related financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic consolidated financial statements taken as a whole, present fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of February 28, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO), and our report dated May 6, 2013 expressed an unqualified opinion.

/s/ GRANT THORNTON LLP

Chicago, IL

May 6, 2013

 

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Shareowners of

Material Sciences Corporation

Elk Grove Village, IL

We have audited the internal control over financial reporting of Material Sciences Corporation (a Delaware corporation) and Subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of February 28, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of February 28, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by COSO.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated financial statements of the Company as of and for the year ended February 28, 2013, and our report dated May 6, 2013 expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements.

/s/ GRANT THORNTON LLP

Chicago, IL

May 6, 2013

 

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors and Shareowners of

Material Sciences Corporation

Elk Grove Village, IL

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Material Sciences Corporation and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of February 29, 2012, and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in shareowners’ equity, cash flows and comprehensive income for the years ended February 29, 2012 and February 28, 2011. Our audits also included the financial statement schedule for fiscal years 2012 and 2011 listed in the Index at Item 15. These financial statements and financial statement schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the financial statements and financial statement schedule based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, such consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Material Sciences Corporation and subsidiaries as of February 29, 2012, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the years ended February 29, 2012 and February 28, 2011, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also, in our opinion, such financial statement schedule for fiscal years 2012 and 2011, when considered in relation to the basic consolidated financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein.

/s/ DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP

Chicago, IL

May 4, 2012

 

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Consolidated Statements of Operations

Material Sciences Corporation and Subsidiaries

 

     For the years ended February 28 or 29  
                      
(In thousands, except per share data)    2013      2012      2011  

Net Sales

   $ 121,007       $ 136,734       $ 137,624   

Cost of Sales

     92,493         103,066         105,942   

Gross Profit

     28,514         33,668         31,682   

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

     20,024         21,117         22,621   

Gain on Sale of Assets

     (3,216              (6,643

Asset Impairment Charges

                     3,720   

Restructuring

             583         1,324   

Income from Operations

     11,706         11,968         10,660   

Other Income, Net:

          

Interest and Dividend Income (Expense), Net

     14         (48      79   

Equity in Results of Joint Venture

     270         503         491   

Rental Income

     648         1,107         912   

Other, Net

     (29      21         226   

Total Other Income, Net

     903         1,583         1,708   

Income Before Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes

     12,609         13,551         12,368   

Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes

     3,615         (14,916      324   

Net Income

   $ 8,994       $ 28,467       $ 12,044   

Basic Net Income Per Share

   $ 0.87       $ 2.51       $ 0.93   

Diluted Net Income Per Share

   $ 0.86       $ 2.49       $ 0.93   

Weighted Average Number of Common Shares Outstanding Used for Basic Net Income Per Share

     10,298         11,350         12,906   

Dilutive Shares

     127         91         51   

Weighted Average Number of Common Shares Outstanding Plus Dilutive Shares

     10,425         11,441         12,957   

Outstanding Common Stock Options Having No Dilutive Effect

     400         318         261   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

 

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Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

Material Sciences Corporation and Subsidiaries

 

     For the years ended February 28 or February 29  
(In thousands)            2013              2012              2011  

Net Income

   $ 8,994       $ 28,467       $ 12,044   

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss):

          

Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments

     (582      (294      359   

Retirement Liability, Net of Benefit for Income Taxes of $141, $795, and $0, Respectively

     228         (1,290      3,006   

Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

     (354      (1,584      3,365   

Comprehensive Income

   $ 8,640       $ 26,883       $ 15,409   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

 

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Consolidated Balance Sheets

Material Sciences Corporation and Subsidiaries

 

(In thousands, except share data)    February 28,
2013
     February 29,
2012
 

Assets

       

Current Assets:

       

Cash and Cash Equivalents

   $ 37,508       $ 28,201   

Receivables, Less Reserves of $489 and $696, Respectively

     17,675         20,136   

Income Taxes Receivable

     1,392         141   

Prepaid Expenses

     554         674   

Inventories:

       

Raw Materials

     8,802         9,019   

Finished Goods

     16,142         11,739   

Short Term Deferred Tax Assets

     4,191         4,313   

Total Current Assets

     86,264         74,223   

Property, Plant and Equipment:

       

Land and Building

     15,271         26,149   

Machinery and Equipment

     103,327         100,563   

Construction in Progress

     1,988         1,240   

Gross Property, Plant and Equipment

     120,586         127,952   

Accumulated Depreciation

     (91,426      (93,217

Net Property, Plant and Equipment

     29,160         34,735   

Other Assets:

       

Investment in Joint Venture

     2,394         2,955   

Long Term Deferred Tax Assets

     9,147         13,024   

Other

     141         159   

Total Other Assets

     11,682         16,138   

Total Assets

   $ 127,106       $ 125,096   

Liabilities

       

Current Liabilities:

       

Accounts Payable

   $ 11,061       $ 13,364   

Accrued Payroll Related Expenses

     2,594         3,113   

Accrued Expenses

     5,799         5,289   

Total Current Liabilities

     19,454         21,766   

Long-Term Liabilities:

       

Pension and Postretirement Liabilities

     7,344         8,500   

Long-Term Incentives

     2,652         3,420   

Other

     2,720         3,430   

Total Long-Term Liabilities

     12,716         15,350   

Commitments and Contingencies

               

Shareowners’ Equity

       

Preferred Stock, $1.00 Par Value; 10,000,000 Shares Authorized; 1,000,000 Designated Series B Junior Participating Preferred; None Issued

               

Common Stock, $.02 Par Value; 40,000,000 Shares Authorized; 19,058,923 Shares Issued and 10,198,121 Shares Outstanding as of February 28, 2013, and 19,030,983 Shares Issued and 10,470,199 Shares Outstanding as of February 29, 2012

     381         381   

Additional Paid-In Capital

     81,089         80,440   

Treasury Stock at Cost, 8,824,172 Shares as of February 28, 2013, and 8,540,784 Shares as of February 29, 2012

     (76,756      (74,423

Retained Earnings

     93,046         84,052   

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

     (2,824      (2,470

Total Shareowners’ Equity

     94,936         87,980   

Total Liabilities and Equity

   $ 127,106       $ 125,096   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

 

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Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

Material Sciences Corporation and Subsidiaries

 

     For the years ended February 28 or 29  
(In thousands)    2013      2012      2011  

Cash Flows From:

          

Operating Activities:

          

Net Income

   $ 8,994       $ 28,467       $ 12,044   

Adjustments to Reconcile Net Income to Net Cash Provided by

          

Operating Activities:

          

Depreciation, Amortization and Accretion

     4,670         4,906         5,572   

Gain on Sale of Assets

     (3,216              (6,643

Non-Cash Loss on Impairment of Fixed Assets

                     3,720   

Equity in Results of Joint Venture

     (270      (503      (491

Cash Distribution Received from Joint Venture

     501         586         763   

Deferred Income Taxes

     3,762         (14,824        

Compensatory Effect of Stock Plans

     642         299         204   

Changes in Assets and Liabilities:

          

Receivables

     2,280         2,390         (1,881

Income Taxes

     (1,241      121         (12

Prepaid Expenses

     125         (248      56   

Inventories

     (4,248      98         (1,008

Accounts Payable

     (2,542      (1,725      (2,172

Accrued Expenses

     174         (280      (1,879

Other, Net

     (2,272      42         1,029   

Net Cash Provided by Continuing Operations

     7,359         19,329         9,302   

Investing Activities:

          

Capital Expenditures

     (4,897      (9,194      (2,359

Proceeds from Sale of Assets

     9,180                 14,089   

Proceeds from Note Receivable

                     1,732   

Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Investing Activities

     4,283         (9,194      13,462   

Financing Activities:

          

Purchase of Treasury Stock

     (2,333      (17,649        

Issuance of Common Stock

     7         138         16   

Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Financing Activities

     (2,326      (17,511      16   

Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash

     (9      (52      (17

Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash

     9,307         (7,428      22,763   

Cash and Cash Equivalents at Beginning of Year

     28,201         35,629         12,866   

Cash and Cash Equivalents at End of Year

   $ 37,508       $ 28,201       $ 35,629   

Non-Cash Transactions:

          

Capital Expenditures in Accounts Payable at Year End

   $ 1,112       $ 854       $ 873   

Treasury Stock Purchases in Accrued Liabilities at Year-End

   $       $       $ 111   

Supplemental Cash Flow Disclosures:

          

Interest Paid

   $ 33       $ 35       $ 37   

Net Income Taxes Paid, Net

   $ 1,746       $ 356       $ 463   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

 

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Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareowners’ Equity

Material Sciences Corporation and Subsidiaries

 

     Common Stock     

Additional

Paid-In

Capital

    

Retained

Earnings

     Treasury Stock  
(In thousands, except share data)    Shares      Amount            Shares     Amount  

Balance as of February 28, 2010

     18,979,796       $ 380       $ 79,784       $ 43,541         (6,074,567   $ (56,774

Net Income

                             12,044                  

Issuance of Common Stock, Net of Cancellations

     14,096                 16                          

Compensatory Effect of Stock Plans

                     204                          

Purchase of Treasury Stock

                                     (15,765     (111

Balance as of February 28, 2011

     18,993,892       $ 380       $ 80,004       $ 55,585         (6,090,332   $ (56,885

Net Income

                             28,467                  

Issuance of Common Stock, Net of Cancellations

     37,091         1         137                          

Compensatory Effect of Stock Plans

                     299                          

Purchase of Treasury Stock

                                     (2,450,452     (17,538

Balance as of February 29, 2012

     19,030,983       $ 381       $ 80,440       $ 84,052         (8,540,784   $ (74,423

Net Income

                             8,994                  

Issuance of Common Stock, Net of Cancellations

     27,940                 7                          

Compensatory Effect of Stock Plans

                     642                          

Purchase of Treasury Stock

                                     (283,388     (2,333

Balance as of February 28, 2013

     19,058,923       $  381       $ 81,089       $  93,046         (8,824,172   $ (76,756

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

 

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Material Sciences Corporation and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Nature of Operations

The operations of Material Sciences Corporation and its wholly owned subsidiaries (“MSC,” “Company,” “we,” “our” or “us”) consist of providing material-based solutions for acoustical and coated applications. Principal markets include automotive, appliance, building products, lighting and electronics.

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

The significant accounting policies of MSC, as summarized below, conform to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). The preparation of the Company’s financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported and the disclosures in the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates include deferred tax asset valuation allowances, reserves for inventory and receivable exposures, product claims, income taxes, health and workers compensation benefits, pension and postretirement benefits and contingencies.

Reclassifications

Reclassifications were made to prior-year financial statements to conform to the current-year presentations—amounts previously reported as “Other, Net” in the Adjustments to Reconcile Net Income to Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities were reclassified to “Equity in Results of Joint Venture” and “Other, Net” in the Changes in Assets and Liabilities and “Long-Term Incentives” was reclassified from “Other” within the Long-Term Liabilities section of the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Principles of Consolidation

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts for MSC after all intercompany transactions have been eliminated. In South America, the Company owns 51% of the equity and holds 50% of the voting rights in a joint venture partnership with Tekno S.A. (“Tekno”), which manufactures and sells acoustical products. Under the terms of the Tekno agreement, significant actions require unanimous consent of all parties and, as a result, MSC does not have a controlling interest in Tekno. Accordingly, the Company accounts for Tekno under the equity method.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The Company’s financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable. The carrying amounts of these financial assets and liabilities approximate fair value due to the short maturities of these instruments.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents consist of demand deposits and highly liquid investments, principally U.S. Treasury bills, with original maturities of three or fewer months. At February 28, 2013, we held approximately $30.0 million of U.S. Treasury bills with maturities from March 14 to May 30, 2013. The Company has not experienced any losses as a result of its cash concentration. Consequently, no significant concentration of credit risk is considered to exist.

Accounts Receivable

Accounts receivable are recorded at their estimated fair value, net of allowances for doubtful accounts, claims, discounts and other credits expected to be granted to customers. The Company provides reserves for uncollectible receivables due to customer bankruptcy, insolvency or disputes over terms and conditions. The methodology for calculating the allowance for doubtful accounts includes an assessment of specific receivables that are aged and an assessment of the aging of the total receivable pool. MSC also records reductions of revenue for credits issued to customers resulting from manufacturing claims for product defects based upon historical experience and upon specific claims issues as they arise. Any differences between these estimates and actual costs are recorded on a monthly basis and are reflected in the historical experience prospectively. Total accounts receivable reserves were $0.5 million and $0.7 million at February 28, 2013, and February 29, 2012, respectively.

 

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Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market, using either the specific identification or average cost method of cost valuation. Due to the continuous nature of the Company’s operations, work-in-process inventories are not material. MSC holds some of its inventory at outside processors and locations. The Company had approximately $5.3 million and $2.7 million of inventory at outside processors at February 28, 2013, and February 29, 2012, respectively. We had inventory reserves and other valuation adjustments of $1.2 million as of February 28, 2013, and February 29, 2012, net of scrap inventory that can be sold on the secondary market.

Commodity Contracts

We are exposed to certain risks related to ongoing business operations. We enter into derivative instruments with the objective of managing our financial and operational exposure arising from these risks. The primary risk managed by using derivative instruments is commodity price risk. From time-to-time in the ordinary course of business, the Company enters into purchase contracts for procuring nickel carbonate, zinc shot and natural gas, which are commodities used in its manufacturing processes. These agreements are intended to mitigate the market risk and volatility associated with the pricing of these commodities. MSC maintains a commodity forward purchase policy, which seeks to ensure that at any time the majority of the expected consumption over the next 12 months is secured under a purchase contract at a predetermined price. When we enter into these contracts, we apply the Normal Purchase/Normal Sale election for each of them, which excludes them from being accounted for as derivative instruments at fair value as long as they qualify for the election.

Long-Lived Assets

Property, plant and equipment are recorded at cost. Improvements and replacements are capitalized, while expenditures for maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the assets’ estimated useful lives as follows: buildings and building improvements, 5 to 20 years; operating equipment, 5 to 20 years; furniture and fixtures, 5 to 10 years; software, 5 years. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the lesser of their expected useful life or the remaining life of the lease.

Long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable, based on projections of non-discounted cash flows. If the carrying value of the depreciable long-lived assets is higher than the undiscounted cash flows related to the asset group, an impairment loss may be necessary. The impairment would be measured by the difference between the fair value of the assets and their carrying value. Fair value is determined based on market quotes, if available, or based on valuation techniques such as discounted cash flows. The valuation techniques require us to make assumptions, including, but not limited to, estimated fair value of assets, which are based on additional assumptions, such as public market data; depreciation factors for orderly liquidation, including allowances such as dismantlement and removal; and the relationship between replacement cost and market value based on the age of the assets.

There were no events during fiscal 2013 or fiscal 2012 that would trigger a review for impairment. There was an event in fiscal 2011 that triggered an impairment review of the assets at our Plant #7 in Elk Grove Village, IL. For further information, see Note 15, “Asset Impairment.”

Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue when delivery has occurred and the risk of loss has passed to the customer. This is generally upon shipment of goods to customers, except when shipping terms dictate otherwise. The Company records shipping and handling billed to a customer in a sales transaction as revenue. Costs incurred for shipping and handling are recorded in cost of sales. Volume discounts due customers are recognized as earned and reported as reductions of revenue in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Research and Development

The Company expenses all research and product development costs in the period incurred. Research and product development expenses of $4.1 million, $3.9 million and $2.3 million in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively, are included in selling, general and administrative expenses on the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

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Foreign Currency

The Company’s international operations are translated into U.S. dollars using current exchange rates at the balance sheet date for assets and liabilities. A weighted average exchange rate is used to translate sales, expenses, gains and losses. The currency translation adjustments are reflected in accumulated other comprehensive loss in Shareowners’ Equity. Transactions denominated in currencies other than U.S. dollars are translated at the spot rate when the transaction is settled. Any gains or losses from the settlement are reflected in other income in the Consolidated Statement of Operations.

Income Taxes

Deferred income taxes have been provided to show the effect of temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their reported amounts in the financial statements. A valuation allowance is provided for deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that these items will either expire before we are able to realize their benefit, or that future deductibility is uncertain. The Company regularly reviews and adjusts the valuation allowance to reflect changes in the realizability of the deferred tax assets. MSC maintains a liability for the potential tax adjustment related to our uncertain tax positions.

Equity Plans

Stock-based compensation is accounted for based on the grant date fair value of the awards, or, for phantom stock, based on the market value of the underlying stock. The fair value of equity grants is amortized over the vesting period for each grant. The fair value of stock options is computed using the Black-Scholes model. The Company has one active equity award plan: the Material Sciences Corporation 2012 incentive Compensation Plan (“2012 Plan”). See Note 10 entitled “Equity and Compensation Plans” for additional discussion.

The Company recorded $0.6 million, $0.3 million, and $0.2 million of compensation expense related to stock options and restricted stock grants in fiscal 2013, 2012, and 2011, respectively. See Note 10 entitled “Equity and Compensation Plans” for a complete discussion of these items.

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

The components of accumulated other comprehensive loss at February 28, 2013, and February 29, 2012, are as follows:

 

(in thousands)    February 28, 2013      February 29, 2012  

Foreign Currency Translation

   $ 1,182       $ 1,764   

Pension Liability, Net of Tax of $1,974 and $2,208

     (4,532      (4,911

Other Post Retirement Liabilities, Net of Tax of $1,027 and $935

     526         677   

Total

   $ (2,824    $ (2,470

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

On June 16, 2011, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2011-05, which revises the manner in which entities present comprehensive income in their financial statements. The new guidance removes the presentation options in ASC 220 and requires entities to report components of comprehensive income in either (1) a continuous statement of comprehensive income or (2) two separate but consecutive statements. Under the two-statement approach, the first statement would include components of net income, which is consistent with the income statement format used today, and the second statement would include components of other comprehensive income (“OCI”). The ASU does not change the items that must be reported in OCI. For public entities, the ASU’s amendments are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company adopted the guidance in the ASU effective with its first quarter fiscal 2013 Form 10-Q. No material changes resulted from the adoption except for the addition of a statement of comprehensive income to the primary financial statements presented in Forms 10-Q subsequent to the adoption date.

On February 5, 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-02, which requires an entity to report the effect of significant reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income on the respective line items in net income if the amount being reclassified is required under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) to be reclassified in its entirety to net income. For other amounts that are not required under U.S. GAAP to be reclassified in their entirety to net income in the same reporting period, an entity is required to cross-reference other disclosures required under U.S. GAAP that provide additional detail

 

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about those amounts. For public entities, the ASU is effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2012. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this guidance, which may result in changes in the presentation of its financial statements.

Consideration of Events Subsequent to the Date of the Consolidated Balance Sheet

The Company recognizes in the consolidated financial statements the effects of all subsequent events that provide additional evidence about conditions that existed at the date of the Consolidated Balance Sheet, including the estimates inherent in the process of preparing the consolidated financial statements. MSC does not recognize subsequent events that provide evidence about conditions that did not exist at the date of the Consolidated Balance Sheet but arose after that date and before the consolidated financial statements are issued. For these purposes, and relating to the February 28, 2013, Consolidated Balance Sheet, the Company has evaluated events occurring after that date through the date of this report. Any significant events that occurred after February 28, 2013, and which had an effect on the February 28, 2013, consolidated financial statements are reflected in these statements or the related notes, and are identified as subsequent events.

Note 2: Joint Venture

In November 2000, a subsidiary of MSC formed a joint venture partnership with Tekno to manufacture and sell Quiet Steel® and disc brake noise damper material for the South American market. The joint venture’s sales were $3.1 million, $4.6 million and $4.5 million in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The joint venture’s income was $0.5 million, $1.0 million and $1.0 million in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. MSC owns 51% of the equity interest and holds 50% of the voting interest in the joint venture.

Under the equity method, MSC includes its portion of the joint venture’s results of operations in the Consolidated Statements of Operations under equity in results of joint venture. The equity in results of joint venture was net income of $0.3 million, $0.5 million and $0.5 million in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The Company received cash dividends of $0.5 million, $0.6 million and $0.8 million in fiscal 2013, fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011, respectively.

Note 3: Commitments and Contingencies

MSC is a party to various legal proceedings in connection with the remediation of certain environmental matters as detailed below. We record these environmental reserves based upon historical experience and the extent of relevant information available from various third parties. A number of assumptions are made including, without limitation, the estimated extent of the environmental damage to any particular site, the available methods of remedy, the contribution expected from various other potentially responsible parties (“PRP”) and the discretionary authority of federal and state regulatory authorities in bringing enforcement actions.

In 1984, MSC was named as a PRP under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 (“CERCLA”) for the surface, soil and ground water contamination at a Superfund site in Gary, Indiana. The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Indiana entered a Consent Decree between the government and certain PRPs (including MSC) on the scope of the remediation work at the site. We receive periodic updates on the projected costs of the remediation work from the environmental consultant employed by certain PRPs (including MSC) to manage the remediation project. Remediation work is ongoing and we maintain a letter of credit for approximately $1.0 million to secure our estimated share of these expenses. The estimate of our liability for this site was $0.8 million at February 28, 2013.

In 2003, MSC, along with many other companies, was named as a PRP by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (“USEPA”) under CERCLA at the Lake Calumet Cluster Site in Chicago, Illinois, for allegedly sending certain waste from its Elk Grove Village facility to the site. No lawsuits have been filed against any of the PRPs, but it is likely that the USEPA and the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency will seek reimbursement of their costs. In March 2010, the USEPA proposed the site for listing as a federal Superfund site, which has the potential to provide additional federal funds for the remediation. To date, we have not received any notice that this designation has

 

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occurred. The Company cannot determine what effect, if any, this change in designation will have on its liability. As of February 28, 2013, the USEPA was in final discussions with the principal PRPs to design and fund an investigation of the appropriate methods of remediation for the groundwater at the site. Once approved, the investigation is expected to take approximately two years. The estimate of the Company’s liability for this site was $0.3 million, including the pending groundwater investigation, at February 28, 2013.

In 1998, the California Environmental Protection Agency (“CEPA”) named MSC and many other entities as PRPs under CERCLA at the Chatham Brothers Barrelyard Site in Escondido, California (“Chatham Site”) for surface, soil and ground water contamination associated with former waste handling activities at the site. CEPA alleged that a predecessor to MSC arranged for the transportation and treatment of waste handled at the site. MSC and the other PRPs are obligated to perform and complete the environmental investigation and cleanup activities at the Chatham Site in accordance with a Remedial Action Plan approved in 1999. Two CEPA agencies (Department of Toxic Substances Control and San Diego Regional Water Quality Control Board are overseeing the long-term remediation required at the Chatham Site. The activities necessary to complete the groundwater remediation are expected to last well into the future. The estimate of the Company’s liability for this site was $0.1 million at February 28, 2013.

MSC’s environmental reserves were approximately $1.2 million as of both February 28, 2013 and February 29, 2012. The Company does not believe that the outcome of its environmental legal proceedings will have a material adverse effect on its results of operations, financial position or cash flows, given the reserves recorded as of February 28, 2013, and, where applicable, taking into account contributions from other PRPs. There are, however, a number of uncertainties including, without limitation, the cost of site cleanup, the discretionary authority of federal and state regulatory authorities in bringing enforcement actions and other factors that affect the Company’s range of exposures.

Other Matters

MSC is also a party to various legal actions and customer disputes arising in the ordinary course of its business. These legal actions and customer disputes cover a broad variety of claims spanning MSC’s entire business. The Company believes that the resolution of these legal actions and customer disputes will not, individually or in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on its results of operations, financial position or cash flows.

Note 4: Indebtedness

The Company has a credit line (“Line”) with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. Interest on the Line is at the bank’s prime rate (3.25% as of February 28, 2013) or Libor plus 1.50%, at our discretion. There are annual letter of credit fees of 1.50% on outstanding letters of credit and a 0.25% fee on the annual unused credit line. The Line is secured by a borrowing base equal to a specified percentage of accounts receivable and liens on other assets of the Company (including inventory, equipment, real property and intellectual property), reduced by outstanding letters of credit, and may require consent from the lender before any significant sales of the equipment or real property securing the Line. In April 2010, the Line was amended to reduce the credit line to $7.5 million and increase the minimum availability covenant to $2.5 million. In May 2011, the Line was amended to extend the expiration date from May 12, 2011, to May 13, 2013. The Line does not contain any material financial covenants. The Company does not intend to renew the Line when it expires on May 13, 2013, because it has adequate cash flows and on-hand cash levels to meet current and foreseeable financing needs. In order to continue the availability of letters of credit, as needed, MSC will restrict an appropriate amount of its cash to secure the letters of credit.

Due to the borrowing base limitations and outstanding letters of credit of $1.1 million, the net amount available for borrowing at February 28, 2013, was $3.9 million. The lender may, at its discretion subject to the terms of the Line, modify the advance rates used in computing the borrowing base, which may limit the amounts available for future borrowings. There were no borrowings outstanding under the Line as of February 28, 2013, nor were any amounts borrowed during the 12 months ended February 28, 2013, or February 29, 2012.

 

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Note 5: Leases

MSC leases one manufacturing facility (Walbridge, Ohio) under a lease that ends on April 30, 2015, and which automatically extends in three-year increments through April 30, 2027, unless either party explicitly cancels the lease prior to each extension date. The Company leases its Application Research Center in Michigan under a lease ending in September 2018, with the option to extend in five-year increments through September 2043. MSC also leases space for its corporate and general offices in a building the Company sold in August 2012 located in Elk Grove Village, Illinois. The Company is in compliance with all the terms of these leases. Other equipment is leased under non-cancelable operating leases. The table below presents future minimum lease payments.

 

(in thousands)        

2014

   $ 1,660   

2015

     1,508   

2016

     904   

2017

     674   

2018

     555   

2019 and Thereafter

     231   

Total Minimum Lease Payments

   $ 5,532   

Total rental expense under operating leases was $1.7 million in fiscal 2013, $1.5 million in fiscal 2012 and $1.5 million in fiscal 2011. Rental income was $1.0 million, $1.1 million and $0.9 million in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

Note 6: Retirement and Savings Plans

As of February 28, 2013, the Company had one defined contribution retirement plan qualifying under the Internal Revenue Code Section 401(k): Material Sciences Corporation Savings & Investment Plan (the “SIP”). All employees of MSC are automatically enrolled in the SIP for a basic contribution, unless they elect not to participate. Employees may also elect to contribute more or less than the basic contribution level. Mercer Trust Company is the custodial trustee of all SIP assets and participant loans.

Under the SIP, participants may contribute up to 85% of their annual compensation, as defined in the SIP, subject to certain Internal Revenue Code limitations. The Company may, at its discretion, make matching contributions to the SIP at varying rates by location on the first 6% of base compensation. MSC also makes an annual contribution into the SIP at varying rates by location for employees who are active participants in the SIP. The cost of the SIP was $0.6 million in fiscal 2013 and $0.5 million in both fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011.

MSC has non-contributory defined benefit pension plans that cover some of its employees. The Company provides amounts required to meet ERISA funding requirements for these defined benefit plans. All the defined benefit plans are frozen, so no additional benefits accrue under them and there are no new participants. In addition to the benefits previously described, some former MSC officers participated in a non-contributory supplemental pension plan that is still outstanding.

The Company provides some of its retired employees with certain postretirement health care benefits, which MSC may periodically amend or modify. Certain employees may be eligible for these benefits if they reach normal retirement age while employed by the Company.

During the third quarter of fiscal 2011, the Company identified an error in computing benefit costs for certain of its postretirement benefit plans. Benefit costs in fiscal 2008, 2009, 2010 and the first two quarters of fiscal 2011 were overstated because a reduction in benefits implemented in fiscal 2008 was not reflected in the computation of benefit costs for those periods. The cumulative effect of the error at November 30, 2010, was a $0.4 million reduction in expense, of which $0.2 million related to prior fiscal years, and a reduction of the accrued liability at November 30, 2010, of $0.6 million. MSC recorded the cumulative effect in the third quarter of fiscal 2011.

Additionally, in November 2010 the Company notified beneficiaries of its postretirement benefit plans that the plans would be amended and the benefits available under the plans would be reduced effective January 1, 2011. The effect of the amendments was a reduction of the accrued liability at November 30, 2010, of $1.5 million. Actuarial adjustments, changes in employee participation, and normal

 

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benefit payments accounted for an additional reduction of the accrued liability at November 30, 2010, of $0.3 million. In total, the liability for postretirement benefits was reduced by $2.4 million at November 30, 2010.

The following tables present a reconciliation of the change in benefit obligation, a reconciliation of the change in plan assets, a statement of the funded status of the plans, the components of net periodic benefit cost and the assumptions used in determining the plans’ funded status and periodic cost. The assumptions do not consider salary increases as the majority of plans are either frozen or do not account for salary increases in determining future benefits.

 

     Pension Benefits      Postretirement Benefits  
(in thousands except %)    2013      2012      2013      2012  

Change in Benefit Obligation:

               

Obligation, March 1

   $ 15,964       $ 14,475       $ 1,958       $ 1,842   

Service Cost Benefits Earned During the Period

                     23         20   

Interest Cost on Benefit Obligation

     574         678         78         86   

Plan Amendments

                               

Actuarial (Gain) Loss

     269         2,080         164         94   

Benefit Payments

     (1,256      (1,269      (237      (84

Curtailments

                               

Other Plan Changes

                               

Obligation, February 29 & February 28

   $ 15,551       $ 15,964       $ 1,986       $ 1,958   

Change in Plan Assets:

               

Plan Assets at Fair Value, March 1

   $ 8,517       $ 8,305               $   

Actual Return on Plan Assets

     831         324                   

Company Contributions

     1,356         1,157         237         84   

Benefit Payments

     (1,256      (1,269      (237      (84

Plan Assets at Fair Value, February 29 & February 28

   $ 9,448       $ 8,517       $       $   

Funded Status:

               

Funded Status

   $ (6,103    $ (7,447    $ (1,986    $ (1,958

 

     Pension Benefits  
      2013      2012  

Plans with Accumulated Benefit Obligation in excess of Plan Assets

       

Accumulated Benefit Obligation

   $ 15,551       $ 15,964   

 

     Pension Benefits      Postretirement Benefits  
      2013      2012      2011      2013      2012      2011  

Components of Net Periodic Benefit Cost:

                     

Service Cost Benefits Earned During the Period

   $       $       $       $ 23       $ 20       $ 63   

Interest Cost on Benefit Obligation

     574         677         674         78         86         205   

Expected Return on Assets

     (566      (577      (534                        

Amortization of Prior Service Cost

                             (276      (276      (64

Amortization of Net (Gain) Loss

     630         431         389         196         188         218   

Settlements and Curtailment

                                               

Net Periodic Benefit Cost

   $ 638       $ 531       $ 529       $ 21       $ 18       $ 422   

 

     Pension Benefits      Postretirement Benefits  
      2013      2012      2013      2012  

Amounts Recognized in the Consolidated Balance Sheets

               

Prepaid Benefit Cost

   $       $       $       $   

Current Liability

     (650      (780      (94      (126

Non-Current Liability

     (5,453      (6,667      (1,891      (1,833

Net Amount Recognized

   $ (6,103    $ (7,447    $ (1,985    $ (1,959

 

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     Pension Benefits      Postretirement Benefits  
      2013      2012      2013      2012  

Amounts Recognized in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

               

Prior Service Cost (Credit)

   $       $       $ (1,341    $ (1,617

Net (Gain) or Loss

     6,494         7,119         1,842         1,875   

Net Amount Recognized

   $ 6,494       $ 7,119       $ 501       $ 258   

 

     Pension Benefits      Postretirement Benefits  
      2013      2012      2013      2012  

Other Changes in Plan Assets and Benefit Obligations Recognized in Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

               

Net (Gain) or Loss

   $ 5       $ 2,333       $ 163       $ 95   

Amortization of Prior Service Cost (Credit)

                     276         276   

Prior Service Cost (Credit)

                               

Adjustment for 2007 Plan Amendment

                               

Amortization of Net (Gain) or Loss

     (630      (431      (196      (188

Net Amount Recognized

   $ (625    $ 1,902       $ 243       $ 183   

 

      2013      2012      2011  

Assumptions Used in Determining the Plans’ Funded Status:

          

Discount Rate

     3.79%-4.04      4.00%-4.23      5.22%-5.50

Rate of Increase in Compensation Levels

     N/A         N/A         N/A   

 

      2013      2012      2011  

Assumptions Used in Determining Net Periodic Benefit Cost:

          

Discount Rate

     4.00%-4.23%         5.22%-5.50      5.64%-5.94

Expected Long-Term Rate of Return on Assets

     6.60%         7.00      7.50

Plan obligations and the annual pension expense are determined by using a number of assumptions including the discount rate and the estimated future return on plan assets. To the extent actual amounts differ from these assumptions and estimated amounts, results could be adversely affected. A one percentage point increase in the estimated discount rate would decrease the net pension expense by less than $0.1 million and decrease the estimated pension liability by $1.5 million. A one percentage point decrease in the discount rate would increase the net pension expense by $0.1 million and increase the estimated pension liability by $1.8 million. A one percentage point increase or decrease in the estimated future return on plan assets would have a $0.1 million relative effect on fiscal 2013 net pension expense. The estimated future return on plan assets for the fiscal 2013 pension benefit income calculation was 6.6%.

MSC continues to review its postretirement benefits, incorporating actual and anticipated benefit changes. In determining the present value of the accumulated postretirement benefit obligation and net cost, MSC assumed health care cost annual increases would decline from 7% to 5% per year over the life of the obligation. However, for some benefits no trend rate is applicable.

A 1% increase in assumed health care cost trend rates will raise the total of the service and interest cost components of net periodic postretirement benefit cost by less than $0.1 million, and the health care component of the accumulated postretirement benefit obligation by $0.1 million as of February 28, 2013. A 1% decrease in assumed health care cost trend rates will lower the total of the service and interest cost components of net periodic postretirement benefit cost by less than $0.1 million, and the health care component of the accumulated postretirement benefit obligation by $0.1 million as of February 28, 2013.

Plan Assets. The Company’s pension plan weighted-average asset allocations at February 28, 2013, and February 29, 2012, by asset category, were as follows:

 

      2013      2012  

Equity Securities

     63      65

Debt Securities

     37      35

Total

     100      100

 

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The investment objective of MSC’s pension plans is to meet the current and future defined benefit payments of participants and beneficiaries of its retirement plans. The plans will invest in funds with appropriate long-term goals and objectives. Individual funds included will seek to provide a long-term competitive rate of return, net of expenses, at appropriate risk levels—which over the long run is equal to or exceeds outlined benchmarks. To maximize diversification, the plans will invest in portfolios within four broad asset classes: bonds, large company stocks, small company domestic stocks and foreign stocks. To provide additional diversification and further reduce the volatility of the portfolio, the Plans will divide the large and small stock domestic portions between value and growth managers.

The approach used to determine the expected long-term rate of return on plan assets assumption is based on weighting historical market index returns for various asset classes in proportion to the assets held in the Material Sciences Corporation Master Trust (“Trust”). The Trust targets an asset allocation of approximately 61% in equity securities and 39% in fixed income securities.

The Company determines the fair value of plan assets using observable market data obtained from independent sources when available. The Company classifies its plan assets according to the fair value hierarchy:

 

   

Level 1—Quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets.

   

Level 2—Quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets.

   

Level 3—Valuations derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs or significant value drivers are unobservable.

The table below summarizes the fair value measurements of the Trust’s assets at February 28, 2013, and February 29, 2012, by asset class (in thousands).

 

(in thousands)    Balance as of
February 28,
2013
    

Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets

(Level 1)

    

Significant Other
Observable Inputs

(Level 2)

    

Significant
Unobservable

Inputs

(Level 3)

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

   $ 75       $ 75       $       $   

Mutual Funds—Equity Securities

     5,886         5,886                   

Mutual Funds—Bonds

     3,487         3,487                   

Total

   $ 9,448       $ 9,448       $       $   

 

(in thousands)    Balance as of
February 29,
2012
    

Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets

(Level 1)

    

Significant Other
Observable Inputs

(Level 2)

    

Significant
Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

   $ 52       $ 52       $       $   

Mutual Funds—Equity Securities

     5,528         5,528                   

Mutual Funds—Bonds

     2,937         2,937                   

Total

   $ 8,517       $ 8,517       $       $   

 

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The Company expects to contribute approximately $3.1 million, which includes $1.1 of required minimum contributions and $2.0 million of additional contributions to its qualified and non-qualified defined benefit pension plans in fiscal 2014. The additional contributions are being made after management considered the advantages of making the contributions—higher earnings in the pension funds compared to the low interest currently being earned on cash and the reduction of tax payments due to the deductibility of the contributions. Benefits expected to be paid in each of the next five fiscal years, and in the aggregate for the five fiscal years after that, are shown in the table below (in thousands).

 

Expected Benefit Payments:        

2014

   $ 1,196   

2015

     1,130   

2016

     939   

2017

     803   

2018

     741   

2019 through 2023

     4,152   

Total

   $ 8,961   

MSC expects to contribute approximately $0.1 million to its postretirement benefit plans other than pensions in fiscal 2014. Benefits expected to be paid in each of the next five fiscal years, and in the aggregate for the five following fiscal years, are shown in the table below (in thousands).

 

Expected Benefit Payments:        

2014

   $ 94   

2015

     85   

2016

     91   

2017

     95   

2018

     106   

2019 through 2023

     575   

Total

   $ 1,046   

Note 7: Interest Income, Net

The table presented below analyzes the components of interest income, net.

 

(in thousands)    Fiscal 2013      Fiscal 2012      Fiscal 2011  

Interest Expense

   $ (32    $ (113    $ (36

Interest Income

     46         65         115   

Interest Income, Net

   $ 14       $ (48    $ 79   

Note 8: Income Taxes

Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes was as follows:

 

(in thousands)    Fiscal 2013      Fiscal 2012      Fiscal 2011  

United States

   $ 12,282       $ 13,778       $ 12,900   

Foreign

     327         (227      (532
     $ 12,609       $ 13,551       $ 12,368   

 

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The components of the provision (benefit) for income taxes and reconciliation between the statutory rate for federal income taxes and the effective tax rate are summarized and presented below.

 

(in thousands)    Fiscal 2013      Fiscal 2012      Fiscal 2011  

Tax Provision (Benefit)

          

Current:

          

Federal

   $ (85    $ (817    $ (32

State

     (126      853         341   

Foreign

     64         (128      15   
       (147      (92      324   

Deferred:

          

Federal

     4,091         (9,530        

State

     (317      (1,565        

Foreign

     (12      (3,729        
       3,762         (14,824        

Tax Provision (Benefit)

   $ 3,615       $ (14,916    $ 324   

 

(in thousands)    Fiscal 2013      Fiscal 2012      Fiscal 2011  

Tax Rate Reconciliation

          

Tax Provision (Benefit) at Federal Statutory Rate

   $ 4,413       $ 4,743       $ 4,329   

State and Local Taxes, Net of Federal Tax Benefit

     172         525         521   

Effect of Changes in Tax Rates

     (41      (76      (88

Change in Unrecognized Tax Benefits

     (562      (1,029      (96

Valuation Allowance

             (18,807      (4,398

Research and Development Credit

     (106      (22      (79

Manufacturing Deduction

     (80      (440        

Other, Net

     (181      190         135   

Tax Provision (Benefit) at Effective Income Tax Rate

   $ 3,615       $ (14,916    $ 324   

Temporary differences that give rise to deferred tax assets and (liabilities) were as follows:

 

(in thousands)    Fiscal 2013      Fiscal 2012  

Reserves Not Deductible Until Paid

   $ 1,145       $ 1,270   

Employee Benefit Liabilities

     5,859         6,257   

Net Operating Loss and Tax Credit Carryforwards

     5,011         4,855   

Property and Equipment

     1,539         5,088   

Other

     351         434   

Total Gross Deferred Tax Asset

   $ 13,905       $ 17,904   

Valuation Allowance

     (567      (567

Total Net Deferred Tax Assets

   $ 13,338       $ 17,337   

The Company records deferred tax assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates on the differences between the book and tax basis of recorded assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets are reduced by valuation allowances if, based on the consideration of all available evidence, it is more likely than not that some portion of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. During fiscal 2012, MSC reduced its valuation allowance by $4.0 million for reductions in the deferred tax assets during the year. After considering all available positive and negative evidence, the Company reversed $14.8 million of the remaining valuation allowance on its U.S. and German deferred tax assets as of February 29, 2012, as the Company determined that it was more likely than not that these benefits would be realized. The Company maintains a valuation allowance of $0.6 million on its deferred tax asset for certain state net operating losses as of February 28, 2013, because it is not more likely than not that these benefits will be realized.

As of February 28, 2013, deferred tax assets for federal, state and foreign net operating losses and tax credit carry forwards of $3.8 million were available with an unlimited expiration date, and the remaining $1.2 million (net of federal taxes) expires in varying amounts in fiscal years 2018 through 2032.

The company considers its China location earnings to be permanently reinvested, and therefore has not recorded a provision for U.S. income tax or foreign withholding taxes on the cumulative undistributed earnings of its China subsidiary. Such undistributed earnings from MSC’s China subsidiary have been

 

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included in consolidated retained earnings in the amount of $0.6 million and $0.6 million as of February 28, 2013, and February 29, 2012, respectively. If MSC were to change its intentions and such earnings were remitted to the U.S., these earnings would be subject to U.S. income taxes. However, as of February 28, 2013, and February 29, 2012, foreign tax credits would be available to offset these taxes such that the U.S. tax impact would be insignificant. MSC’s other consolidated foreign entities have cumulative undistributed losses. However, MSC considers all of its consolidated foreign entity earnings to be permanently reinvested.

There are inherent uncertainties related to the interpretation of tax laws in the jurisdictions in which the Company transacts business. In evaluating its various tax filing positions, the Company records tax benefits only if management determines that they are more likely than not to be sustained. Adjustments are made to the Company’s liability for unrecognized tax benefits in the period in which an issue is settled with the respective tax authorities, the statute of limitations expires or when new information becomes available. Adjustments to the amounts accrued may increase or decrease tax expense in any period. A reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances of the total amounts of gross unrecognized tax benefits is as follows (in millions):

 

      Fiscal 2013      Fiscal 2012      Fiscal 2011  

Gross unrecognized tax benefits at beginning of year

   $ 1.1       $ 2.2       $ 2.5   

Decreases in tax positions for prior years

     (0.2      (0.1      (0.2

Lapse in statute of limitations

     (0.4      (1.0      (0.1

Gross unrecognized tax benefits at end of year

   $ 0.5       $ 1.1       $ 2.2   

Amounts accrued for tax liabilities due to the potential change in judgments and estimates are $0.5 million at February 28, 2013. The total amounts of unrecognized tax benefits that, if recognized, would affect the effective tax rate were $0.2 million at February 28, 2013, $0.9 million at February 29, 2012, and $1.4 million at February 28, 2011.

The Company anticipates that it is reasonably possible that the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits of $0.5 million will decrease by up to $0.2 million during the next 12 months.

We file income tax returns in the U.S. on a federal basis and in a number of U.S., state and foreign jurisdictions. Our major tax jurisdictions are the U.S., Illinois, Michigan and Germany. For the U.S., Illinois, Michigan and Germany, the earliest fiscal years open for examination are 2012, 2009, 2008 and 2008, respectively. In January 2013, a U.S. income tax examination covering our fiscal years 2010 and 2011 was completed. The resolution of the U.S. tax audit did not materially affect the results of operations, financial position or cash flows.

The Company classifies interest expense and any penalties related to income tax uncertainties as a component of income tax expense. The Company recorded negligible interest and penalties in the fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011 Consolidated Statement of Operations, respectively. The total accrued interest expense related to tax uncertainties recognized in the Consolidated Balance Sheets was $0.2 million at February 28, 2013, and $0.3 million at February 29, 2012.

Note 9: Significant Customers and Export Sales

Due to the concentration in the automotive industry, sales to individual automotive customers—including indirect sales—are significant. The following table shows direct sales to our significant customers that represented 10% or more of consolidated net sales for any of fiscal 2013, 2012 or 2011.

 

      % of Consolidated Net Sales  
Customer    Fiscal 2013      Fiscal 2012      Fiscal 2011  

Chrysler LLC

     20      17      17

U.S. Steel

     16      22      15

Ford Motor Company

     8      12      18

 

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The following table shows gross accounts receivable from these significant customers as a percentage of total consolidated gross accounts receivable as of February 28, 2013, and February 29, 2012.

 

      % of Consolidated Gross Accounts Receivable  
Customer    February 28, 2013      February 29, 2012  

Chrysler LLC

     18      18

Ford Motor Company

     8      15

U.S. Steel

     5      12

For certain automotive customers, we may purchase unprocessed steel and then sell the finished, coated or laminated steel back to the same customer. Thus, for those companies, we may carry significant accounts payable balances.

MSC’s domestic and foreign net sales are presented in the chart below. Sales to customers in any one foreign country did not comprise greater than 10% of consolidated net sales for any period presented.

 

Net Sales (in thousands)    Fiscal 2013      Fiscal 2012      Fiscal 2011  

Domestic

   $ 105,513       $ 121,684       $ 125,179   

Foreign

     15,494         15,050         12,445   

Total

   $ 121,007       $ 136,734       $ 137,624   

Domestic net sales included sales originated by our domestic subsidiaries and shipped to customers located in Asia of $0.4 million and $3.5 million for fiscal 2012 and 2011, respectively. There were no sales from our domestic subsidiaries to customers located in Asia in fiscal 2013.

Note 10: Equity and Compensation Plans

The Company has one active equity award plan: the Material Sciences Corporation 2012 Incentive Compensation Plan (“2012 Plan”). The plan was approved on June 28, 2012, by the Company’s shareowners and replaced the Material Sciences Corporation Amended and Restated 1992 Omnibus Awards Plan for Key Employees (“1992 Plan”) and the Material Sciences Corporation Fiscal year 2006 Long-Term Incentive Plan for Non-Employee Directors (the “Director Plan”).

There are 2,130,789 shares authorized under the 2012 Plan (including 1,130,789 shares previously authorized under the 1992 Plan and either issued or available when that plan ended) to provide stock options, restricted stock and other equity awards under various programs to both employees and non-employee directors. Any shares related to forfeited, terminated or expired awards issued under the 1992 Plan will become available under the 2012 Plan. Non-qualified stock options generally vest over three years from the date of grant and expire between five and 10 years from the date of grant. Restricted stock and cash awards generally vest over three to five years from the date of grant. Shares of restricted stock are awarded in the name of the employee, who has all the rights of a shareowner, subject to certain restrictions or forfeitures. Restricted stock and cash awards have been issued with restrictions based upon time, Company performance, or a combination of both.

There were 150,000 shares authorized under the 2001 Directors Plan. This plan consisted of grants of stock options that provided for all or a portion of each non-employee director’s annual retainer. The 2001 Directors Plan expired on February 29, 2004 and no additional grants will be made under the plan. As of February 28, 2013, options for 3,537 shares were outstanding and exercisable under the 2001 Directors Plan.

The Company recorded $0.6 million, $0.3 million and $0.2 million of compensation expense related to stock options and restricted stock grants in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

Stock Option Activity

The Company granted 200,000 stock options during fiscal 2013, with a weighted average Black-Scholes value of $4.24 for each option. The Company granted 200,000 stock options during fiscal 2012 and the weighted average Black-Scholes value of each option granted was $4.13. The Company granted 200,000 stock options during fiscal 2011 and the weighted average Black-Scholes value of each option granted was $0.93. 22,304 options were exercised during fiscal 2012. As of February 28, 2013, there was $1.0 million of total gross compensation expense related to unvested stock option grants which is expected to be recognized ratably over a period ending in the first quarter of fiscal 2016.

 

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The following tables summarize stock option activity for fiscal 2013:

 

     Options Outstanding  
Stock Option Activity    Directors     

Key

Employees

    

Weighted

Average

Exercise Price

    

Aggregate

Intrinsic

Value (in $000’s)

 

Outstanding as of February 29, 2012

     18,087         488,138       $ 5.84       $ 1,472   

Granted

             200,000         8.75      

Exercised

                          

Canceled/Forfeited

     (14,550            $ 11.00            

Outstanding as of February 28, 2013

     3,537         688,138       $ 6.57       $ 2,479   

Exercisable as of February 28, 2013

     3,537         113,138       $ 8.10      

Vested or Expected to Vest as of February 28, 2013

     3,537         688,138       $ 6.57       $ 2,479   

The total intrinsic value of options exercised in fiscal 2012 was $0.1 million; no options were exercised in fiscal 2013 or fiscal 2011.

The Company has elected to use the Black-Scholes option pricing model and straight-line amortization of compensation expense over the requisite service period of the grant. MSC will reconsider use of this pricing model if additional information becomes available in the future that indicates another model would be more appropriate, or if grants in future periods have characteristics that cannot be reasonably estimated using this model. The following weighted average assumptions were used for the option grants in fiscal 2013 and 2012:

 

      2013      2012  

Dividend Yield

     0.0      0.0

Risk-Free Interest Rate

     0.7      2.5

Expected Volatility

     58.8      58.8

Expected Life (in Years)

     5.0         6.5   

MSC has not paid dividends in the past. As such, the Company uses a dividend yield percentage of zero. It uses a risk-free interest rate consistent with the yield available on a U.S. Treasury Note with a term equal to the expected term of the underlying grant. The expected volatility was estimated based upon the historical volatility of the Company’s share price. The expected life was an average of the initial vesting period and the original contractual term, as the Company does not have sufficient historical exercise data to otherwise estimate the expected life. The following table shows stock options outstanding and stock options exercisable at February 28, 2013:

 

     Options Outstanding
as of February 28, 2013
     Exercisable Options
as of February 28, 2013
 
Range of Exercise Prices    Shares      Weighted
Average
Remaining
Life (Years)
     Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
     Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
(000s)
     Shares      Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
     Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
(000s)
 

$  2.00  -  $  5.00

     175,000         4.0       $ 2.00                  $ 0.00      

$  5.01  -  $  8.00

     313,138         5.0       $ 7.68            113,138       $ 8.00      

$  8.01  -  $11.00

     200,000         6.0       $ 8.75                  $ 0.00      

$11.01  -  $14.05

     3,537         1.0       $ 11.31                  3,537       $ 11.31            

$  2.00  -  $14.05

     691,675         5.0       $ 6.57       $ 2,479         116,675       $ 8.10       $ 243   

 

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Restricted Stock Activity

The following table summarizes restricted stock transactions for fiscal 2012 and 2013:

 

Unvested as of February 28, 2011

     30,000   

Granted

       

Vested

       

Canceled

       

Unvested as of February 29, 2012

     30,000   

Granted

     17,330   

Vested

     (10,554

Canceled

     (146

Unvested as of February 28, 2013

     36,630   

Beginning in September 2012, MSC began making quarterly grants of restricted stock to the non-employee directors of the company. Each grant represents the number of shares of our common stock equal to the quotient of $8,500 divided by the closing sale price of our common stock on the day preceding the grant date. Each non-employee director received 959 restricted shares in September 2012 and 946 restricted shares in December 2012. The shares will vest on the third anniversary of the grant date.

In March 2012, MSC granted 5,900 shares of restricted stock, which vested over one year, to certain members of management who elected to receive restricted stock in lieu of their annual compensation increase.

As of February 28, 2013, there was less than $0.1 million of total gross compensation expense related to unvested restricted stock grants which is expected to be recognized over a period ending in the first quarter of fiscal 2015, and less than $0.1 million of total gross expense related to unvested restricted stock granted to our non-employee directors which is expected to be recognized ratably over a period ending in the second quarter of fiscal 2016.

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

MSC has an Employee Stock Purchase Plan that permits eligible employees to buy shares of common stock on the last day of two six-month purchase periods (February 28 or 29 and August 31 of each year) at 85% of the fair market value of the stock on these dates. Shares of common stock sold to employees under this plan were 756 in fiscal 2013, 4,787 in fiscal 2012, and 4,096 in fiscal 2011. The amount the Company recorded as compensation expense related to this plan was less than $10 thousand in each period presented.

Treasury Stock

Our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock on September 14, 2011, and again on September 27, 2012. The shares may be repurchased from time-to-time on the open market, subject to market conditions and other factors, and generally will be funded with internally generated cash. The Company repurchased 283,388 shares under the September 2011 authorization during the twelve months ended February 28, 2013. At February 28, 2013, there were 364,476 shares available for purchase under the September 2011 authorization and 1,000,000 shares available for purchase under the September 2012 authorization.

The following table provides information about Company purchases of common stock (in thousands).

 

Period    Total Number
of Shares
Purchased
     Total Cost      Total Number of
Shares
Purchased as
Part of a Written
Trading Plan(1)
     Maximum
Number of
Shares that
May Yet Be
Purchased
 

March 1, 2010 – February 28, 2011

     16         111         16         1,098   

March 1, 2011 – February 29, 2012

     2,450         17,538         2,450         648   

March 1, 2012 – February 28, 2013

     283         2,233         283         364   

Total

     2,749       $ 19,882         2,749            
(1)

On February 25, 2011, the Company entered into a written trading plan as part of the existing share repurchase program. The plan expired on May 26, 2011, when all of the shares authorized in the plan had been purchased. On

 

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May 27, 2011, the Company entered into a written trading plan to purchase up to 1,000,000 shares as part of the existing share repurchase program. The plan commenced on June 1, 2011, and expired on September 22, 2011, when 1,000,000 shares had been repurchased. On October 10, 2011, MSC entered into a new written trading plan to purchase up to 1,000,000 shares. 448,147 shares were purchased under this plan before it was replaced on July 16, 2012, by a new written trading plan to purchase up to 551,853 shares. 187,377 shares were purchased under the July 2012 plan before it expired on February 15, 2013. On February 15, 2013, MSC entered into a new written trading plan to purchase up to 364,476 shares. All of the trading plans were written under Rule 10b5-1 of the Exchange Act. As of February 28, 2013, all 364,476 shares remained to be purchased under this trading plan.

Note 11: Business Segments

MSC operates in one segment based on how the Chief Operating Decision Maker views its business for evaluating performance and making operating decisions. The Company provides material-based solutions for acoustical and coated applications. The acoustical material-based solutions include multilayer composites consisting of metals, polymers, rubber and other coated materials used to manage noise and vibration. The coated metal material-based solutions include painted, electrogalvanized (“EG”), rubber and film protective, decorative and functional coatings applied to coiled metal of various widths and thicknesses. MSC’s material-based solutions are designed to meet specific customer requirements for the automotive, appliance, building products, lighting and electronics markets. The Company uses a significant level of shared assets and personnel across each of its product categories. Some customers purchase products from several different product categories.

Each of our domestic facilities houses one or more principal production lines. These lines are used to transform the coils of metal into materials for our customers in a continuous process. The process varies somewhat, depending on the application and what materials are to be bonded to the metal coil. However, the core production line equipment does not change markedly. The products are differentiated by the type of material bonded to the metal and the method used to bond them. Various coatings and/or films are applied by running the uncoiled metal ribbon through an applicator and baking the coating onto the metal in high temperature ovens. Our proprietary Quiet Steel is produced by bonding two metal coils together with highly engineered viscoelastic core materials. Zinc and zinc-nickel corrosion protections are applied by running the steel through electrolyte baths and galvanizing the material to the metal with electricity. This galvanization process is only performed at our Walbridge, Ohio facility.

We use a significant level of shared assets, and share resources for sales, general and administrative expense, and management across each of our product categories. It is common for a single customer to purchase products from several different product categories as well as from different plants. Capital projects—whether for cost savings or generating incremental revenue—are evaluated individually based on estimated economic returns (e.g., net present value, return on investment), not based on related product line or geographic location. We use a centralized functional management structure, and share administration and production resources, to deliver individual products that, together, provide solutions to our customers.

Net sales by product category, net of intercompany activity, were as follows:

 

     Fiscal 2013      Fiscal 2012      Fiscal 2011  
Net Sales ($ in millions)    $      %      $      %      $      %  

Acoustical

   $ 73.8         61       $ 68.3         50       $ 73.1         53   

Coated

     47.2         39         68.4         50         64.5         47   

Total Net Sales

   $ 121.0         100       $ 136.7         100       $ 137.6         100   

 

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Note 12: Earnings Per Share

Below is the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share for the fiscal years ended February 28 or 29, 2013, 2012 and 2011.

 

(in thousands except per share amounts)    2013      2012      2011  

Net Income

   $ 8,994       $ 28,467       $ 12,044   

Weighted Average Number of Common Shares Outstanding Used for Basic Net Loss Per Share

     10,298         11,350         12,906   

Dilutive Stock Options

     108         91         51   

Dilutive Restricted Stock

     19                   

Weighted Average Number of Common Shares Outstanding Plus Dilutive Shares

     10,425         11,441         12,957   

Basic Net Income Per Share:

                          

Basic Net Income Per Share

   $ 0.87       $ 2.51       $ 0.93   

Diluted Net Income Per Share:

                          

Diluted Net Income Per Share

   $ 0.86       $ 2.49       $ 0.93   

Approximately 400,000 options to purchase shares of common stock and shares of restricted stock were outstanding at the end of fiscal 2013 but were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because the effect was anti-dilutive.

Note 13: Selected Quarterly Results of Operations (Unaudited)

The table presented below is a summary of quarterly data for the years ended February 28, 2013 and February 29, 2012.

 

(in thousands except per share amounts) 2013    First
Quarter
     Second
Quarter
     Third
Quarter
     Fourth
Quarter
     Full Fiscal
Year
 

Net Sales

   $ 34,834       $ 29,927       $ 30,387       $ 25,859       $ 121,007   

Gross Profit

     8,555         6,553         7,238         6,168         28,514   

Income From Operations(1)

     3,097         4,784         2,289         1,536         11,706   

Total Other Income, Net

     329         387         107         80         903   

Net Income

   $ 2,218       $ 3,253       $ 2,171       $ 1,352       $ 8,994   

Basic Net Income Per Share(3)

   $ 0.21       $ 0.31       $ 0.21       $ 0.13       $ 0.87   

Diluted Net Income Per Share(3)

   $ 0.21       $ 0.31       $ 0.21       $ 0.13       $ 0.86   

2012

                                            

Net Sales

   $ 36,036       $ 34,417       $ 34,009       $ 32,272       $ 136,734   

Gross Profit

     9,522         7,651         9,307         7,188         33,668   

Income From Operations(2)

     3,972         2,580         3,693         1,723         11,968   

Total Other Income, Net

     447         436         461         239         1,583   

Net Income

   $ 4,157       $ 3,021       $ 3,726       $ 17,563       $ 28,467   

Basic Net Income Per Share(3)

   $ 0.33       $ 0.26       $ 0.35       $ 1.65       $ 2.51   

Diluted Net Income Per Share(3)

   $ 0.33       $ 0.26       $ 0.34       $ 1.67       $ 2.49   
(1) Income from operations in the second quarter of fiscal 2013 included a gain on sale of $3.2 million as discussed in Note 18, “Sale of Elk Grove Village Building.”
(2) Income from operations in the second and fourth quarters of fiscal 2012 included charges of $0.3 million and $0.3 million related to employee termination benefit expenses as discussed in Note 14, “Restructuring.”
(3) The sum of the four quarters is not necessarily the same as the total for the year.

Note 14: Restructuring

In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2010, management executed restructuring plans that eliminated additional production and SG&A positions. The Company recognized approximately $1.6 million in employee termination benefit and related expenses, $1.5 million in the U.S. and $0.1 million in Europe. Of this

 

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expense, approximately $0.2 million was paid as of February 28, 2010; the remainder was paid by the end of fiscal 2011.

In the first quarter of fiscal 2011, MSC executed a restructuring plan in conjunction with the sale of certain coil-coating assets located in Elk Grove Village, Illinois. See Note 17, “Elk Grove Village Asset Sale,” for additional discussion. The plan included eliminating positions in production and SG&A departments. The Company recognized approximately $1.1 million in employee termination benefit and related expenses, all of which was paid by the end of fiscal 2011. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2011, MSC recognized severance expense of $0.2 million, which was paid by the end of fiscal 2012.

In the second quarter of fiscal 2012, MSC incurred employee termination benefit expenses of $0.3 million for certain SG&A positions. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012, MSC executed a restructuring plan that eliminated ten positions in our German subsidiary. The Company recognized approximately $0.3 million in employee termination benefit and related expenses. Of these expenses related to fiscal 2012 terminations, $0.4 million was paid in fiscal 2012; the remainder was paid in fiscal 2013.

The restructuring reserve as of February 28, 2013, is presented in the table below, which includes the fiscal 2011, 2012 and 2013 restructuring activities. The reserve is included in accrued payroll related expenses on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

(in thousands)    Severance      Other      Total  

Restructuring Reserve as of February 28, 2010

   $ 1,424       $ 0       $ 1,424   

Restructuring Reserve Recorded During Fiscal 2011

     1,324         0         1,324   

Cash Payments

     (2,546      0         (2,546

Restructuring Reserve as of February 28, 2011

   $ 202       $ 0       $ 202   

Restructuring Reserve Recorded During Fiscal 2012

     430         153         583   

Cash Payment

     (484      (66      (550

Restructuring Reserve as of February 29, 2012

   $ 148       $ 87       $ 235   

Restructuring Reserve Recorded During Fiscal 2013

                    

Cash Payment

     (148      (87      (235

Restructuring Reserve as of February 28, 2013

   $      $      $  

Note 15: Asset Impairment

During the first quarter of fiscal 2011, in conjunction with the sale of a portion of our coil coating assets, we conducted an impairment analysis of the real estate and building improvement assets at our Plant #7 in Elk Grove Village, Illinois. These assets housed the coil coating assets that were sold. With the sale, the future cash flow generated by the building was substantially reduced. (See Note 17, “Elk Grove Village Asset Sale,” for further discussion.) We compared the projected undiscounted future cash flows of the real estate and building improvement assets to their carrying value and determined their value might be impaired. We requested a valuation from a commercial real estate firm. Based on that valuation, we determined the assets were impaired and recorded a $3.7 million write-down of the assets in the first quarter of fiscal 2011.

There were no impairments during fiscal 2012 or 2013.

Note 16: Middletown Asset Sale

The Company closed its coil coating facility in Middletown, Ohio, in July 2004. The carrying value of these assets prior to the sale was $2.9 million. On June 24, 2010, MSC sold the facility to NCI Group for $4.9 million. The Company recorded a gain on the sale of approximately $1.9 million (net of fees) in the second quarter of fiscal 2011.

Note 17: Elk Grove Village Asset Sale

On April 12, 2010, the Company sold a portion of its coil coating assets and associated business base to Roll Coater, Inc. (“Roll Coater”) for $10.0 million ($9.3 million after investment banking fees). Roll Coater

 

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purchased the coil coating machinery, related processing equipment, and corresponding customer base associated with MSC’s Plant #7 in Elk Grove Village, Illinois. Based on fiscal 2010 shipments, the associated business base included approximately $28.6 million in sales of general-line coil coated products. In addition, MSC and Roll Coater entered into a multi-year lease agreement to store the purchased equipment. The transaction did not include the sale of any real estate by MSC. The Company recorded a gain on the sale of approximately $4.7 million (net of $0.3 million of legal fees) in the first quarter of fiscal 2011. MSC also recorded $1.1 million of employee severance expense and $0.2 million of inventory write-off expenses in connection with the sale.

Note 18: Sale of Elk Grove Village Building

In April 2011, after receiving authorization from the Board of Directors, management committed to a plan to sell the building located at 2200 East Pratt Boulevard in Elk Grove Village, Illinois (the “Facility”). This building houses our corporate and general offices and previously housed our coil coating assets before they were sold in April 2010.

On July 23, 2012, MSC began leasing a portion of the Facility to Main Steel Polishing Company, Inc. The lease included approximately 240,000 square feet of the 280,000 square foot Facility. MSC entered into this lease to enhance the attractiveness of the Facility to potential buyers.

On August 31, 2012, MSC sold the Facility to Torburn Partners, Inc. (“Torburn”) for cash. The net proceeds from the sale were approximately $9.2 million, which reflects all selling costs and the executory costs related to the lease discussed above. The Company recognized a gain of approximately $3.2 million on the sale. MSC will report a tax loss on the sale of approximately $5.4 million on the fiscal 2013 tax return. The Company expects to realize cash tax savings of approximately $1.8 million due to the tax loss.

MSC entered into a four-year lease with Torburn under which MSC continues to occupy approximately 35,000 square feet of office space in the Facility to house its corporate and domestic operations.

Note 19: German Subsidy

In December 2006, our German subsidiary, MSC Europe GmbH, entered into a subsidy program with the State of Thüringen. The subsidy provided 335 thousand for investment in our Application Development Center in Eisenach, Germany, and required we increase our staff by five positions and maintain 45 total positions for a five year monitoring period, from February 2009 through February 2014. The monitoring period was subsequently extended to February 2017. Under the subsidy, if we did not maintain the specified staff levels during the monitoring period, we would be liable to pay back the subsidy, with interest. Because of the uncertainty of maintaining hiring levels, we have carried a liability on the German books in the amount of the subsidy.

As discussed in Note 14, “Restructuring,” in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012, MSC executed a restructuring plan that eliminated eight production and two SG&A positions in our German subsidiary. As a consequence of this reduction, we determined we would not be in compliance with the staff level requirements of the subsidy. We entered into negotiations with the State of Thüringen to settle the subsidy, and agreed to repay approximately $62 thousand of the subsidy plus approximately $12 thousand of accumulated interest on the repaid amount. We also agreed to a revised target staff level of 34 employees until February 2014. We carry the remaining balance of the subsidy as a current liability and amortize it into income over the remaining life of the surveillance period. The total remaining liability for the subsidy was $251 thousand at February 28, 2013.

 

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ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

During the second quarter of fiscal 2013, the Audit Committee (the “Committee”) of the Board of Directors of Material Sciences Corporation (the “Company”) completed a competitive process to review the appointment of the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending February 28, 2013. As a result of this process, on July 20, 2012, the Company notified Deloitte & Touche LLP (“Deloitte”) of their dismissal as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm.

Deloitte’s audit reports on the Company’s consolidated financial statements for each of the years ended February 29, 2012, and February 28, 2011, did not contain an adverse opinion or a disclaimer of opinion, nor were they qualified or modified as to uncertainty, audit scope or accounting principles. During the years ended February 29, 2012, and February 28, 2011, and the subsequent interim period through July 20, 2012, there were no disagreements with Deloitte on any matter of accounting principles or practices, financial statement disclosure or auditing scope or procedure which, if not resolved to Deloitte’s satisfaction, would have caused them to make reference to the subject matter in connection with their report on the Company’s financial statements for such years. During the years ended February 29, 2012, and February 28, 2011, and the subsequent interim period through July 20, 2012, there were no “reportable events” as defined in Item 304 (a)(1)(v) of Regulation S-K. The Company has provided Deloitte with a copy of the foregoing statements.

On July 20, 2012, the Committee approved the appointment of Grant Thornton LLP (“Grant Thornton”) as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ending February 28, 2013. During the years ended February 29, 2012, and February 28, 2011, and through July 20, 2012, the date of Grant Thornton’s engagement as the Company’s independent auditors, neither the Company nor anyone on its behalf had consulted with Grant Thornton with respect to (1) the application of accounting principles as to a specified transaction, either completed or proposed, or the type of audit opinion that might be rendered on the Company’s financial statements, and Grant Thornton did not provide either written or oral advice to the Company that was an important factor considered by the Company in reaching a decision as to any accounting, auditing or financial reporting issuer or (2) any matter that was the subject of a disagreement with Deloitte (of which there were none) or any “reportable event.”

ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Disclosure Controls and Procedures. Under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, our management evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “Evaluation Date”). Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of the Evaluation Date, our disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms and (ii) accumulated and communicated to our management, included our Chief Executive Officer and Chief financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

(a) Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate “internal control over financial reporting,” as the term is defined in the Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f). There are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of internal control over financial reporting, including the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of the controls and procedures. Accordingly, even an effective system of internal control over financial reporting can only provide reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Management, with the participation of our CEO and CFO, conducted an assessment of the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of February 28, 2013, based on

 

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the framework published by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission, referred to as the Internal Control—Integrated Framework. The objective of this assessment is to determine whether MSC’s internal control over financial reporting was effective as of February 28, 2013. Based on managements’ assessment using the criteria in the Internal Control—Integrated Framework the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was effective on that date.

The effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of February 28, 2013, has been audited by Grant Thornton LLP, our independent registered public accounting firm, who also audited our consolidated financial statements for the year ended February 28, 2013. Grant Thornton’s attestation report on our internal control over financial reporting is included herein.

(b) Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting. There have been no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation required by paragraph (d) of Exchange Act Rules 13a-15 or 15d-15 which occurred during the quarter ended February 28, 2013, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

None.

 

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PART III

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

The information required by this Item concerning executive officers is included in Part 1, Item 1 of this report under the heading “Executive Officers of the Registrant.”

Code of Ethics

We have adopted a code of ethics entitled Material Sciences Corporation Code of Business Ethics (“MSC Code of Ethics”) that applies to all of our employees, officers and directors, including our principal executive officer and principal financial and accounting officer. A copy of the MSC Code of Ethics is available on our Web site at www.matsci.com. Amendments to, or waivers from, certain provisions of the MSC Code of Ethics for executive officers and directors are disclosed on our Web site following the date of the amendment or waiver. A copy of the MSC Code of Ethics also may be requested, free of charge, by writing to us at 2200 East Pratt Boulevard, Elk Grove Village, Illinois 60007, Attn.: Corporate Secretary.

We also have adopted written charters for our Audit and Compensation, Organization and Corporate Governance Committees; and Corporate Governance Guidelines; all of which are posted on our Web site at www.matsci.com. Investors may request a free copy of the charters and guidelines from the address noted above.

Other information required by this Item is incorporated by reference to the information in the sections entitled “Election of Directors,” “Board of Directors and Corporate Governance” and “Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance” in the proxy statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareowners on June 27, 2013 (“Proxy Statement”) to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the close of our fiscal year.

ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

The information required by this Item is incorporated by reference to the information in the sections entitled “Executive Compensation Tables” in the Proxy Statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the close of our fiscal year.

ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

The information required by this Item is incorporated by reference to the information in the sections entitled “Stock Ownership” and “Equity Compensation Plan Information” in the Proxy Statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the close of our fiscal year.

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

The information required by this Item is incorporated by reference to the information in the subsection entitled “Transactions with Related Persons” and the section entitled “Board of Directors and Corporate Governance” in the Proxy Statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the close of our fiscal year.

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

The information required by this Item is incorporated by reference to the information in the section entitled “Ratification of Appointment of Grant Thornton LLP” in the Proxy Statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the close of our fiscal year.

 

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PART IV

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

1. Financial Statements and Schedule of the Company

  a) Financial Statements. The Company’s financial statements are filed as a part of this report.
  b) Supplemental Schedule. Schedule II, Reserve for Receivable Allowances and Inventory Reserves appears below. All other schedules have been omitted, since the required information is not significant, or included in the financial statements or the related notes or are not applicable.

SCHEDULE II

Material Sciences Corporation and Subsidiaries Reserve for Receivable Allowances and Inventory Reserves

(In thousands)

 

            Additions                
      Balance at
Beginning
of Year
     Charged to
Costs and
Expense
     Charged to
Other
Accounts
     Reclassifications
and Acquisitions
     Deductions
from
Reserve
     Balance at
End of
Year
 

Fiscal 2011

Receivable Allowances

   $ 716       $ 1,328       $       $       $ (1,624    $ 420   

Inventory Reserves

   $ 2,527       $ 4,391       $       $       $ (5,262    $ 1,656   

Fiscal 2012

Receivable Allowances

   $ 420       $ 1,717       $       $       $ (1,441    $ 696   

Inventory Reserves

   $ 1,656       $ 4,710       $       $       $ (5,024    $ 1,342   

Fiscal 2013

Receivable Allowances

   $ 696       $ 1,920       $       $       $ (2,127    $ 489   

Inventory Reserves

   $ 1,342       $ 3,099       $       $       $ (3,269    $ 1,172   

The activity in the receivable allowances account includes the Company’s bad debt, product claims and customer scrap allowance.

2. Exhibits

Reference is made to the Exhibit Index which begins on page 57.

 

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Signatures

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

Material Sciences Corporation
By:  

/s/    CLIFFORD D. NASTAS        

 

  Clifford D. Nastas
  Chief Executive Officer and Director

Date: May 6, 2013

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1934, this Report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant in the capacities indicated on May 6, 2013.

 

/s/    CLIFFORD D. NASTAS        

 

Clifford D. Nastas

   Chief Executive Officer and Director (Principal Executive Officer)

/s/    JAMES D. PAWLAK        

 

James D. Pawlak

   Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Corporate Controller and Corporate Secretary (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

/s/    TERRY L. BERNANDER        

 

Terry L. Bernander

   Director

/s/    FRANK L. HOHMANN III        

 

Frank L. Hohmann III

   Director

/s/    SAMUEL LICAVOLI        

 

Samuel Licavoli

   Director

/s/    PATRICK J. MCDONNELL        

 

Patrick J. McDonnell

   Director

/s/