10-K 1 dec312013_10k.htm
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013

Commission file number 0-12820

AMERICAN NATIONAL BANKSHARES INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Virginia
 
54-1284688
(State of incorporation)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
628 Main Street, Danville, VA
 
24541
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
434-792-5111
Registrant's telephone number, including area code

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class
 
Name of Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $1 par value
 
NASDAQ Global Select Market

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act:  None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes o   No  þ

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes o No þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes þ  No  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ   No  o

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):
   Large accelerated filer  o  Accelerated filer þ  Non-accelerated filer  o  Smaller reporting company  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act.) Yes o No þ
The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant at June 30, 2013, based on the closing price, was $168,548,449.

The number of shares of the registrant's common stock outstanding on March 7, 2014 was 7,893,699.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Proxy Statement of the Registrant for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 20, 2014, are incorporated by reference in Part III of this report.


CROSS REFERENCE INDEX
 
 
 
PART I
 
PAGE
ITEM 1
3
ITEM 1A
13
ITEM 1B
Unresolved Staff Comments
None
ITEM 2
20
ITEM 3
21
ITEM 4
21
 
 
PART II
 
 
ITEM 5
22
ITEM 6
24
ITEM 7
25
ITEM 7A
48
ITEM 8
49
 
50
 
52
 
53
 
54
 
55
 
56
 
57
ITEM 9
Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
None
ITEM 9A
100
 
100
ITEM 9B
Other Information
None
 
 
PART III
 
 
ITEM 10
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
*
ITEM 11
Executive Compensation
*
ITEM 12
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
*
ITEM 13
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
*
ITEM 14
Principal Accountant Fees and Services
*
 
 
PART IV
 
 
ITEM 15
101
_______________________________

*Certain information required by Item 10 is incorporated herein by reference to the information that appears under the headings "Election of Directors," "Election of Directors – Board Members Serving on Other Publicly Traded Company Boards of Directors," "Election of Directors – Board of Directors and Committees - The Audit and Compliance Committee," "Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance," "Report of the Audit and Compliance Committee," and "Code of Conduct" in the Registrant's Proxy Statement for the 2014 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.  The information required by Item 401 of Regulation S-K on executive officers is disclosed herein.

The information required by Item 11 is incorporated herein by reference to the information that appears under the headings "Compensation Discussion and Analysis," "Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation," and "Compensation Committee Report" in the Registrant's Proxy Statement for the 2014 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.

The information required by Item 12 is incorporated herein by reference to the information that appears under the heading "Security Ownership" in the Registrant's Proxy Statement for the 2014 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.  The information required by Item 201(d) of Regulation S-K is disclosed herein.  See Item 5, "Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities."
 
2

The information required by Item 13 is incorporated herein by reference to the information that appears under the headings "Related Party Transactions" and "Election of Directors – Board Independence" in the Registrant's Proxy Statement for the 2014 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.

The information required by Item 14 is incorporated herein by reference to the information that appears under the heading "Independent Public Accountants" in the Registrant's Proxy Statement for the 2014 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.

PART I
Forward-Looking Statements

This report contains forward-looking statements with respect to the financial condition, results of operations and business of American National Bankshares Inc. (the "Company') and its wholly owned subsidiary, American National Bank and Trust Company (the "Bank").  These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties and are based on the beliefs and assumptions of management of the Company and on information available to management at the time these statements and disclosures were prepared.  Forward-looking statements are subject to numerous assumptions, estimates, risks, and uncertainties that could cause actual conditions, events, or results to differ materially from those stated or implied by such forward-looking statements.
A variety of factors, some of which are discussed in more detail in Item 1A – Risk Factors, may affect the operations, performance, business strategy, and results of the Company.  Those factors include but are not limited to the following:
·
Financial market volatility including the level of interest rates could affect the values of financial instruments and the amount of net interest income earned;
·
General economic or business conditions, either nationally or in the market areas in which the Company does business, may be less favorable than expected, resulting in deteriorating credit quality, reduced demand for credit, or a weakened ability to generate deposits;
·
Competition among financial institutions may increase and competitors may have greater financial resources and develop products and technology that enable those competitors to compete more successfully than the Company;
·
Businesses that the Company is engaged in may be adversely affected by legislative or regulatory changes, including changes in accounting standards;
·
The ability to retain key personnel;
·
The failure of assumptions underlying the allowance for loan losses; and
·
Risks associated with mergers, acquisitions, and other expansion activities.


ITEM 1 – BUSINESS

American National Bankshares Inc. is a one-bank holding company organized under the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia in 1984.  On September 1, 1984, the Company acquired all of the outstanding capital stock of American National Bank and Trust Company, a national banking association chartered in 1909 under the laws of the United States.  American National Bank and Trust Company is the only banking subsidiary of the Company.  In April 2006, AMNB Statutory Trust I, a Delaware statutory trust (the "AMNB Trust") and a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company Inc., was formed for the purpose of issuing preferred securities (the "Trust Preferred Securities") in a private placement pursuant to an applicable exemption from registration.  Proceeds from the securities were used to fund the acquisition of Community First Financial Corporation ("Community First").   In April 2006, the Company finalized the acquisition of Community First and acquired 100% of its preferred and common stock through a merger transaction.  Community First was a bank holding company headquartered in Lynchburg, Virginia, and through its subsidiary, Community First Bank, operated four banking offices serving the city of Lynchburg and Bedford, Nelson, and Amherst Counties.

On July 1, 2011, the Company completed its merger with MidCarolina Financial Corporation ("MidCarolina") pursuant to the Agreement and Plan of Reorganization, dated December 15, 2010, between the Company and MidCarolina.  MidCarolina was headquartered in Burlington, North Carolina, and engaged in banking operations through its subsidiary bank, MidCarolina Bank.  The transaction has expanded the Company's footprint in North Carolina, adding eight branches in Alamance and Guilford Counties.

The operations of the Company are conducted at twenty-five banking offices and two loan production offices in Roanoke, Virginia and Raleigh, North Carolina.  American National Bank provides a full array of financial products and services, including commercial, mortgage, and consumer banking; trust and investment services; and insurance.  Services are also provided through thirty-one ATMs, "Online Banking," and "Telephone Banking."
    
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Competition and Markets

      Vigorous competition exists in the Company's service areas.  The Company competes not only with national, regional, and community banks, but also with other types of financial institutions including savings banks, finance companies, mutual and money market fund providers, brokerage firms, insurance companies, credit unions, and mortgage companies. 

      The Company has the second largest deposit market share in the City of Danville and Pittsylvania County, combined.  The Company had a deposit market share in the Danville Metropolitan Statistical Area ("MSA") of 29.3% at June 30, 2013, based on Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation ("FDIC") data.

     The Southern Virginia market, in which the Company has a significant presence, continues to experience slow economic growth, like much of the country. The region's economic base continues to be weighted toward the manufacturing sector.  Although the region was negatively impacted by the elimination of many textile plant closings over several decades, the area has experienced some new manufacturing plant openings as well as job growth in the technology area. Other important industries include farming, tobacco processing and sales, food processing, furniture manufacturing and sales, specialty glass manufacturing, and packaging tape production.   
     
      The Company's new market areas are Alamance County and Guilford County, North Carolina, where there is strong competition in attracting deposits and making loans. Its most direct competition for deposits comes from commercial banks, savings institutions and credit unions located in the market area, including large financial institutions that have greater financial and marketing resources available to them.  The Company had a deposit market share in Alamance County of 13.9% and a deposit market share in Guilford County of 0.8% at June 30, 2013, based on FDIC data.

Supervision and Regulation

The Company and the Bank are extensively regulated under federal and state law.  The following information describes certain aspects of that regulation applicable to the Company and the Bank and does not purport to be complete.  Proposals to change the laws and regulations governing the banking industry are frequently raised in U.S. Congress, in state legislatures, and before the various bank regulatory agencies.  The likelihood and timing of any changes and the impact such changes might have on the Company and the Bank are impossible to determine with any certainty.  A change in applicable laws or regulations, or a change in the way such laws or regulations are interpreted by regulatory agencies or courts, may have a material impact on the business, operations, and earnings of the Company and the Bank.

American National Bankshares Inc.

American National Bankshares Inc. is qualified as a bank holding company ("BHC") within the meaning of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended (the "BHC Act"), and is registered as such with the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the "FRB").  As a bank holding company, American National Bankshares Inc. is subject to supervision, regulation and examination by the FRB and is required to file various reports and additional information with the FRB.  American National Bankshares Inc. is also registered under the bank holding company laws of Virginia and is subject to supervision, regulation and examination by the Virginia State Corporation Commission (the "SCC").

Under the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, a BHC may elect to become a financial holding company and thereby engage in a broader range of financial and other activities than are permissible for traditional BHC's.  In order to qualify for the election, all of the depository institution subsidiaries of the BHC must be well capitalized, well managed, and have achieved a rating of "satisfactory" or better under the Community Reinvestment Act (the "CRA").  Financial holding companies are permitted to engage in activities that are "financial in nature" or incidental or complementary thereto as determined by the FRB.  The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act identifies several activities as "financial in nature," including insurance underwriting and sales, investment advisory services, merchant banking and underwriting, and dealing or making a market in securities.  American National Bankshares Inc. has not elected to become a financial holding company, and has no plans to become a financial holding company.

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American National Bank and Trust Company

American National Bank and Trust Company is a federally chartered national bank and is a member of the Federal Reserve System.  It is subject to federal regulation by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (the "OCC"), the FRB, and the FDIC.

Depository institutions, including the Bank, are subject to extensive federal and state regulations that significantly affect their business and activities. Regulatory bodies have broad authority to implement standards and initiate proceedings designed to prohibit depository institutions from engaging in unsafe and unsound banking practices.  The standards relate generally to operations and management, asset quality, interest rate exposure, and capital.  The bank regulatory agencies are authorized to take action against institutions that fail to meet such standards.

As with other financial institutions, the earnings of the Bank are affected by general economic conditions and by the monetary policies of the FRB. The FRB exerts a substantial influence on interest rates and credit conditions, primarily through open market operations in U.S. Government securities, setting the reserve requirements of member banks, and establishing the discount rate on member bank borrowings. The policies of the FRB have a direct impact on loan and deposit growth and the interest rates charged and paid thereon. They also impact the source, cost of funds, and the rates of return on investments. Changes in the FRB's monetary policies have had a significant impact on the operating results of the Bank and other financial institutions and are expected to continue to do so in the future; however, the exact impact of such conditions and policies upon the future business and earnings cannot accurately be predicted.

Regulatory Reform – The Dodd-Frank Act

On July 21, 2010, President Obama signed into law the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the "Dodd-Frank Act"). The Dodd-Frank Act significantly restructures the financial regulatory regime in the United States and has a broad impact on the financial services industry as a result of the significant regulatory and compliance changes required under the act. While significant rulemaking under the Dodd-Frank Act has occurred, certain of the act's provisions require additional rulemaking by the federal bank regulatory agencies, a process which will take years to fully implement.  The Company believes that short- and long-term compliance costs for the Company will be greater because of the Dodd-Frank Act.

A summary of certain provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act is set forth below:

Increased Capital Standards.  The federal banking agencies are required to establish minimum leverage and risk-based capital requirements for banks and bank holding companies. See "Capital Requirements – Basel III Capital Requirements" below.  Among other things, the Dodd-Frank Act provides for new capital standards that eliminate the treatment of trust preferred securities as Tier 1 capital. Existing trust preferred securities are grandfathered for banking entities with less than $15 billion of assets, such as the Company.

Deposit Insurance.  The Dodd-Frank Act makes permanent the $250,000 deposit insurance limit for insured deposits. Amendments to the Federal Deposit Insurance Act also revise the assessment base against which an insured depository institution's deposit insurance premiums paid to the Deposit Insurance Fund (the "DIF") will be calculated. Under the amendments, the assessment base will no longer be the institution's deposit base, but rather its average consolidated total assets less its average tangible equity during the assessment period.  Additionally, the Dodd-Frank Act makes changes to the minimum designated reserve ratio of the DIF, increasing the minimum from 1.15% to 1.35% of the estimated amount of total insured deposits and eliminating the requirement that the FDIC pay dividends to depository institutions when the reserve ratio exceeds certain thresholds. The Dodd-Frank Act also provides that, effective one year after the date of enactment, depository institutions may pay interest on demand deposits.

Enhanced Lending Limits. The Dodd-Frank Act strengthens the existing limits on a depository institution's credit exposure to one borrower. Current banking law limits a depository institution's ability to extend credit to one person (or group of related persons) in an amount exceeding certain thresholds.

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau ("CFPB").  The Dodd-Frank Act creates the CFPB within the FRB. The CFPB is charged with establishing rules and regulations under certain federal consumer protection laws with respect to the conduct of providers of certain consumer financial products and services.

Compensation Practices.  The Dodd-Frank Act provides that the appropriate federal regulators must establish standards prohibiting as an unsafe and unsound practice any compensation plan of a bank holding company or bank that provides an insider or other employee with "excessive compensation" or could lead to a material financial loss to such firm. In June 2010, prior to the Dodd-Frank Act, the federal bank regulatory agencies promulgated the Interagency Guidance on Sound Incentive Compensation Policies, which requires that financial institutions establish metrics for measuring the impact of activities to achieve incentive compensation with the related risk to the financial institution of such behavior.

5

Although a significant number of the rules and regulations mandated by the Dodd-Frank Act have been finalized, certain of the act's requirements have yet to be implemented. Given the uncertainty associated with the manner in which the provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act will be implemented by the federal bank regulatory agencies in the future, the full extent of the impact such requirements will have on the operations of the Company and the Bank is unclear. The changes resulting from the Dodd-Frank Act may affect the profitability of business activities, require changes to certain business practices, impose more stringent regulatory requirements or otherwise adversely affect the business and financial condition of the Company and the Bank. These changes may also require the Company to invest significant management attention and resources to evaluate and make necessary changes to comply with new statutory and regulatory requirements.

Deposit Insurance

The deposits of the Bank are insured up to applicable limits by the Deposit Insurance Fund of the FDIC and are subject to deposit insurance assessments to maintain the DIF. On April 1, 2011, the deposit insurance assessment base changed from total deposits to average total assets minus average tangible equity, pursuant to a rule issued by the FDIC as required by the Dodd-Frank Act.

The Federal Deposit Insurance Act (the "FDIA"), as amended by the Federal Deposit Insurance Reform Act and the Dodd-Frank Act, requires the FDIC to set a ratio of deposit insurance reserves to estimated insured deposits of at least 1.35%. The FDIC utilizes a risk-based assessment system that imposes insurance premiums based upon a risk matrix that takes into account a bank's capital level and supervisory rating. On February 27, 2009, the FDIC introduced three possible adjustments to an institution's initial base assessment rate: (i) a decrease of up to five basis points for long-term unsecured debt, including senior unsecured debt (other than debt guaranteed under the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program) and subordinated debt and, for small institutions, a portion of Tier 1 capital; (ii) an increase not to exceed 50% of an institution's assessment rate before the increase for secured liabilities in excess of 25% of domestic deposits; and (iii) for non-Risk Category I institutions, an increase not to exceed 10 basis points for brokered deposits in excess of 10% of domestic deposits.  In 2013 and 2012, the Company paid only the base assessment rate for "well capitalized" institutions, which totaled $647,000 and $692,000, respectively, in regular deposit insurance assessments.

On May 22, 2009, the FDIC issued a final rule that levied a special assessment applicable to all insured depository institutions totaling 5 basis points of each institution's total assets less Tier 1 capital as of June 30, 2009, not to exceed 10 basis points of domestic deposits. The special assessment was part of the FDIC's efforts to rebuild the DIF. Deposit insurance expense during 2009 for the Bank included an additional $1.2 million recognized in the second quarter related to the special assessment. On November 12, 2009, the FDIC issued a rule that required all insured depository institutions, with limited exceptions, to prepay their estimated quarterly risk-based assessments for the fourth quarter of 2009 and for all of 2010, 2011, and 2012. In December 2009, the Bank paid $2.9 million in prepaid risk-based assessments, which amount was expensed in the appropriate periods through December 31, 2012. The remaining balance of $1.7 million in prepaid risk-based assessments was refunded in 2013.

In addition, all FDIC insured institutions are required to pay assessments to the FDIC at an annual rate of approximately one basis point of insured deposits to fund interest payments on bonds issued by the Financing Corporation, an agency of the federal government established to recapitalize the predecessor to the Savings Association Insurance Fund. These assessments will continue until the Financing Corporation bonds mature in 2017 through 2019.

Capital Requirements

Current Capital Requirements.  The FRB, the OCC and the FDIC have issued substantially similar risk-based and leverage capital guidelines applicable to all banks and bank holding companies.  In addition, those regulatory agencies may from time to time require that a banking organization maintain capital above the minimum levels because of its financial condition or actual or anticipated growth.  Under the current risk-based capital requirements of these federal bank regulatory agencies, American National Bankshares Inc. and American National Bank are required to maintain a minimum ratio of total capital (which is defined as core capital and supplementary capital less certain specified deductions from total capital such as reciprocal holdings of depository institution capital instruments and equity investments) to risk-weighted assets of at least 8.0%.  In determining the amount of risk-weighted assets, all assets, including certain off-balance sheet activities, recourse obligations, residual interests and direct credit substitutes, are multiplied by a risk-weight factor assigned by the capital regulation based on the risks believed inherent in the type of asset.  At least half of the total capital is required to be "Tier 1 capital," which consists principally of common and certain qualifying preferred shareholders' equity (including trust preferred securities), less certain intangibles and other adjustments.  The remainder ("Tier 2 capital") consists of cumulative preferred stock, long-term perpetual preferred stock, a limited amount of subordinated and other qualifying debt (including certain hybrid capital instruments) and a limited amount of the general loan loss allowance.  The Tier 1 and total capital to risk-weighted asset ratios of the American National Bankshares Inc. were 16.88% and 18.14%, respectively, as of December 31, 2013, thus exceeding the minimum requirements.  The Tier 1 and total capital to risk-weighted asset ratios of American National Bank were 16.33% and 17.59%, respectively, as of December 31, 2013 also exceeding the minimum requirements.

6

Each of the federal bank regulatory agencies also has established a minimum leverage capital ratio of Tier 1 capital to average adjusted assets ("Tier 1 leverage ratio").  These guidelines provide for a minimum Tier 1 leverage ratio of 3.0% for bank holding companies and national banks that either have the highest supervisory rating or have implemented the appropriate federal regulatory authority's risk-adjusted measure for market risk. All other bank holding companies and national banks are required to maintain a minimum leverage ratio of 4.0%, unless a different minimum is specified by an appropriate regulatory authority. In addition, for a depository institution to be considered "well capitalized" under the regulatory framework for prompt corrective action, its leverage ratio must be at least 5.0%. The FRB has not advised the Company, and the OCC has not advised the Bank, of any specific minimum leverage ratio applicable to either entity. The Tier 1 leverage ratio of American National Bankshares Inc. as of December 31, 2013 was 11.81%, which is above the minimum requirements.

      Basel III Capital Requirements.  On June 7, 2012, the FRB  issued a series of proposed rules that would revise and strengthen its risk-based and leverage capital requirements and its method for calculating risk-weighted assets. The rules were proposed to implement the Basel III regulatory capital reforms from the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and certain provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act.  On July 2, 2013, the Federal Reserve approved certain revisions to the proposals and finalized new capital requirements for banking organizations.

Effective January 1, 2015, the final rules require the Company and the Bank to comply with the following new minimum capital ratios: (i) a new common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 4.5% of risk-weighted assets; (ii) a Tier 1 capital ratio of 6% of risk-weighted assets (increased from the current requirement of 4%); (iii) a total capital ratio of 8% of risk-weighted assets (unchanged from current requirement); and (iv) a leverage ratio of 4% of total assets.  These are the initial capital requirements, which will be phased in over a four-year period.  When fully phased in on January 1, 2019, the rules will require the Company and the  Bank to maintain (i) a minimum ratio of common equity Tier 1 to risk-weighted assets of at least 4.5%, plus a 2.5% "capital conservation buffer" (which is added to the 4.5% common equity Tier 1 ratio as that buffer is phased in, effectively resulting in a minimum ratio of common equity Tier 1 to risk-weighted assets of at least 7% upon full implementation), (ii) a minimum ratio of Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets of at least 6.0%, plus the capital conservation buffer (which is added to the 6.0% Tier 1 capital ratio as that buffer is phased in, effectively resulting in a minimum Tier 1 capital ratio of 8.5% upon full implementation), (iii) a minimum ratio of total capital to risk-weighted assets of at least 8.0%, plus the capital conservation buffer (which is added to the 8.0% total capital ratio as that buffer is phased in, effectively resulting in a minimum total capital ratio of 10.5% upon full implementation), and (iv) a minimum leverage ratio of 4%, calculated as the ratio of Tier 1 capital to average assets.

The capital conservation buffer requirement will be phased in beginning January 1, 2016, at 0.625% of risk-weighted assets, increasing each year until fully implemented at 2.5% on January 1, 2019. The capital conservation buffer is designed to absorb losses during periods of economic stress.  Banking institutions with a ratio of common equity Tier 1 to risk-weighted assets above the minimum but below the conservation buffer will face constraints on dividends, equity repurchases, and compensation based on the amount of the shortfall.

With respect to the Bank, the rules also revised the "prompt corrective action" regulations pursuant to Section 38 of the FDIA by (i) introducing a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio requirement at each level (other than critically undercapitalized), with the required ratio being 6.5% for well-capitalized status; (ii) increasing the minimum Tier 1 capital ratio requirement for each category, with the minimum ratio for well-capitalized status being 8.0% (as compared to the current 6.0%); and (iii) eliminating the current provision that provides that a bank with a composite supervisory rating of 1 may have a 3.0% Tier 1 leverage ratio and still be well-capitalized.

The new capital requirements also include changes in the risk weights of assets to better reflect credit risk and other risk exposures. These include a 150% risk weight (up from 100%) for certain high volatility commercial real estate acquisition, development and construction loans and nonresidential mortgage loans that are 90 days past due or otherwise on nonaccrual status, a 20% (up from 0%) credit conversion factor for the unused portion of a commitment with an original maturity of one year or less that is not unconditionally cancellable, a 250% risk weight (up from 100%) for mortgage servicing rights and deferred tax assets that are not deducted from capital, and increased risk-weights (from 0% to up to 600%) for equity exposures.

7

Based on management's understanding and interpretation of the new capital rules, it believes that, as of December 31, 2013, the Company and the Bank would meet all capital adequacy requirements under such rules on a fully phased-in basis as if such requirements were in effect as of such date.

Dividends

The Company's principal source of cash flow, including cash flow to pay dividends to its shareholders, is dividends it receives from the Bank.  Statutory and regulatory limitations apply to the Bank's payment of dividends to the Company. As a general rule, the amount of a dividend may not exceed, without prior regulatory approval, the sum of net income in the calendar year to date and the retained net earnings of the immediately preceding two calendar years. A depository institution may not pay any dividend if payment would cause the institution to become "undercapitalized" or if it already is "undercapitalized." The OCC may prevent the payment of a dividend if it determines that the payment would be an unsafe and unsound banking practice. The OCC also has advised that a national bank should generally pay dividends only out of current operating earnings.

Permitted Activities

As a bank holding company, American National Bankshares Inc. is limited to managing or controlling banks, furnishing services to or performing services for its subsidiaries, and engaging in other activities that the FRB determines by regulation or order to be so closely related to banking or managing or controlling banks as to be a proper incident thereto. In determining whether a particular activity is permissible, the FRB must consider whether the performance of such an activity reasonably can be expected to produce benefits to the public that outweigh possible adverse effects. Possible benefits include greater convenience, increased competition, and gains in efficiency. Possible adverse effects include undue concentration of resources, decreased or unfair competition, conflicts of interest, and unsound banking practices. Despite prior approval, the FRB may order a bank holding company or its subsidiaries to terminate any activity or to terminate ownership or control of any subsidiary when the FRB has reasonable cause to believe that a serious risk to the financial safety, soundness or stability of any bank subsidiary of that bank holding company may result from such an activity.

Banking Acquisitions; Changes in Control

The BHC Act requires, among other things, the prior approval of the FRB in any case where a bank holding company proposes to (i) acquire direct or indirect ownership or control of more than 5% of the outstanding voting stock of any bank or bank holding company (unless it already owns a majority of such voting shares), (ii) acquire all or substantially all of the assets of another bank or bank holding company, or (iii) merge or consolidate with any other bank holding company. In determining whether to approve a proposed bank acquisition, the FRB will consider, among other factors, the effect of the acquisition on competition, the public benefits expected to be received from the acquisition, the projected capital ratios and levels on a post-acquisition basis, and the acquiring institution's performance under the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 (the "CRA") and its compliance with fair housing and other consumer protection laws.

Subject to certain exceptions, the BHC Act and the Change in Bank Control Act, together with the applicable regulations, require FRB approval (or, depending on the circumstances, no notice of disapproval) prior to any person or company acquiring "control" of a bank or bank holding company. A conclusive presumption of control exists if an individual or company acquires the power, directly or indirectly, to direct the management or policies of an insured depository institution or to vote 25% or more of any class of voting securities of any insured depository institution. A rebuttable presumption of control exists if a person or company acquires 10% or more but less than 25% of any class of voting securities of an insured depository institution and either the institution has registered its securities with the Securities and Exchange Commission under Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the "Exchange Act") or no other person will own a greater percentage of that class of voting securities immediately after the acquisition. The Company's common stock is registered under Section 12 of the Exchange Act.

In addition, Virginia law requires the prior approval of the SCC for (i) the acquisition of more than 5% of the voting shares of a Virginia bank or any holding company that controls a Virginia bank, or (ii) the acquisition by a Virginia bank holding company of a bank or its holding company domiciled outside Virginia.

8

Source of Strength

FRB policy has historically required bank holding companies to act as a source of financial and managerial strength to their subsidiary banks. The Dodd-Frank Act codified this policy as a statutory requirement. Under this requirement, the Company is expected to commit resources to support the Bank, including at times when the Company may not be in a financial position to provide such resources. Any capital loans by a bank holding company to any of its subsidiary banks are subordinate in right of payment to depositors and to certain other indebtedness of such subsidiary banks. In the event of a bank holding company's bankruptcy, any commitment by the bank holding company to a federal bank regulatory agency to maintain the capital of a subsidiary bank will be assumed by the bankruptcy trustee and entitled to priority of payment.

Safety and Soundness

There are a number of obligations and restrictions imposed on bank holding companies and their subsidiary banks by law and regulatory policy that are designed to minimize potential loss to the depositors of such depository institutions and the FDIC insurance fund in the event of a depository institution default. For example, under the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991, to avoid receivership of an insured depository institution subsidiary, a bank holding company is required to guarantee the compliance of any subsidiary bank that may become "undercapitalized" with the terms of any capital restoration plan filed by such subsidiary with its appropriate federal bank regulatory agency up to the lesser of (i) an amount equal to 5% of the institution's total assets at the time the institution became undercapitalized or (ii) the amount that is necessary (or would have been necessary) to bring the institution into compliance with all applicable capital standards as of the time the institution fails to comply with such capital restoration plan.

Under the FDIA, the federal bank regulatory agencies have adopted guidelines prescribing safety and soundness standards. These guidelines establish general standards relating to internal controls and information systems, internal audit systems, loan documentation, credit underwriting, interest rate exposure, asset growth and compensation, fees and benefits. In general, the guidelines require, among other things, appropriate systems and practices to identify and manage the risk and exposures specified in the guidelines.

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act

Under the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991 ("FDICIA"), the federal bank regulatory agencies possess broad powers to take prompt corrective action to resolve problems of insured depository institutions.  The extent of these powers depends upon whether the institution is "well capitalized," "adequately capitalized," "undercapitalized," "significantly undercapitalized," or "critically undercapitalized," as defined by the law.  Under current regulations established by the federal bank regulatory agencies a "well capitalized" institution must have a Tier 1 capital ratio of at least 6%, a total capital ratio of at least 10%, and a leverage ratio of at least 5%, and not be subject to a capital directive order.  An "adequately capitalized" institution must have a Tier 1 capital ratio of a least 4%, a total capital ratio of at least 8%, and a leverage ratio of at least 4%, or 3% in some cases.  Management believes, as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, that the Company met the requirements for being classified as "well capitalized."

As required by FDICIA, the federal bank regulatory agencies also have adopted guidelines prescribing safety and soundness standards relating to, among other things, internal controls and information systems, internal audit systems, loan documentation, credit underwriting, and interest rate exposure.  In general, the guidelines require appropriate systems and practices to identify and manage the risks and exposures specified in the guidelines.  In addition, the agencies adopted regulations that authorize, but do not require, an institution which has been notified that it is not in compliance with safety and soundness standard to submit a compliance plan.  If, after being so notified, an institution fails to submit an acceptable compliance plan, the agency must issue an order directing action to correct the deficiency and may issue an order directing other actions of the types to which an undercapitalized institution is subject under the prompt corrective action provisions described above.
 
Branching

The Riegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994, as amended (the "Interstate Banking Act"), generally permits well capitalized bank holding companies to acquire banks in any state, and preempts all state laws restricting the ownership by a bank holding company of banks in more than one state. The Interstate Banking Act also permits a bank to merge with an out-of-state bank and convert any offices into branches of the resulting bank if both states have not opted out of interstate branching; and permits a bank to acquire branches from an out-of-state bank if the law of the state where the branches are located permits the interstate branch acquisition. Under the Dodd-Frank Act, a bank holding company or bank must be well capitalized and well managed to engage in an interstate acquisition. Bank holding companies and banks are required to obtain prior FRB approval to acquire more than 5% of a class of voting securities, or substantially all of the assets, of a bank holding company, bank or savings association. The Interstate Banking Act and the Dodd-Frank Act permit banks to establish and operate de novo interstate branches to the same extent a bank chartered by the host state may establish branches.

9

Transactions with Affiliates

Pursuant to Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act and Regulation W, the authority of the Bank to engage in transactions with related parties or "affiliates" or to make loans to insiders is limited. Loan transactions with an affiliate generally must be collateralized and certain transactions between the Bank and its affiliates, including the sale of assets, the payment of money or the provision of services, must be on terms and conditions that are substantially the same, or at least as favorable to the Bank, as those prevailing for comparable nonaffiliated transactions. In addition, the Bank generally may not purchase securities issued or underwritten by affiliates.

Loans to executive officers, directors or to any person who directly or indirectly, or acting through or in concert with one or more persons, owns, controls or has the power to vote more than 10% of any class of voting securities of a bank (a "10% Shareholders"), are subject to Sections 22(g) and 22(h) of the Federal Reserve Act and their corresponding regulations (Regulation O) and Section 13(k) of the Exchange Act relating to the prohibition on personal loans to executives (which exempts financial institutions in compliance with the insider lending restrictions of Section 22(h) of the Federal Reserve Act). Among other things, these loans must be made on terms substantially the same as those prevailing on transactions made to unaffiliated individuals and certain extensions of credit to those persons must first be approved in advance by a disinterested majority of the entire board of directors. Section 22(h) of the Federal Reserve Act prohibits loans to any of those individuals where the aggregate amount exceeds an amount equal to 15% of an institution's unimpaired capital and surplus plus an additional 10% of unimpaired capital and surplus in the case of loans that are fully secured by readily marketable collateral, or when the aggregate amount on all of the extensions of credit outstanding to all of these persons would exceed the Bank's unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus. Section 22(g) of the Federal Reserve Act identifies limited circumstances in which the Bank is permitted to extend credit to executive officers.

Community Reinvestment Act and Consumer Protection Laws

In connection with its lending activities, the Company is subject to a number of federal laws designed to protect borrowers and promote lending to various sectors of the economy and population.  These include the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, the Truth-in-Lending Act, the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, and the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977.

The CRA requires the appropriate federal banking agency, in connection with its examination of a bank, to assess the bank's record in meeting the credit needs of the communities served by the bank, including low and moderate income neighborhoods.  Furthermore, such assessment is also required of banks that have applied, among other things, to merge or consolidate with or acquire the assets or assume the liabilities of an insured depository institution, or to open or relocate a branch.  In the case of a BHC applying for approval to acquire a bank or BHC, the record of each subsidiary bank of the applicant BHC is subject to assessment in considering the application.  Under the CRA, institutions are assigned a rating of "outstanding," "satisfactory," "needs to improve," or "substantial non-compliance."  The Company was rated "outstanding" in its most recent CRA evaluation.

Anti-Money Laundering Legislation

The Company is subject to the Bank Secrecy Act and other anti-money laundering laws and regulations, including the USA Patriot Act of 2001.  Among other things, these laws and regulations require the Company to take steps to prevent the use of the Company for facilitating the flow of illegal or illicit money, to report large currency transactions, and to file suspicious activity reports.  The Company is also required to carry out a comprehensive anti-money laundering compliance program.  Violations can result in substantial civil and criminal sanctions.  In addition, provisions of the USA Patriot Act require the federal bank regulatory agencies to consider the effectiveness of a financial institution's anti-money laundering activities when reviewing bank mergers and BHC acquisitions.

Privacy Legislation

Several recent laws, including the Right to Financial Privacy Act, and related regulations issued by the federal bank regulatory agencies, also provide new protections against the transfer and use of customer information by financial institutions. A financial institution must provide to its customers information regarding its policies and procedures with respect to the handling of customers' personal information. Each institution must conduct an internal risk assessment of its ability to protect customer information. These privacy provisions generally prohibit a financial institution from providing a customer's personal financial information to unaffiliated parties without prior notice and approval from the customer.

10

Incentive Compensation

In June 2010, the federal bank regulatory agencies issued comprehensive final guidance on incentive compensation policies intended to ensure that the incentive compensation policies of financial institutions do not undermine the safety and soundness of such institutions by encouraging excessive risk-taking. The Interagency Guidance on Sound Incentive Compensation Policies, which covers all employees that have the ability to materially affect the risk profile of a financial institutions, either individually or as part of a group, is based upon the key principles that a financial institution's incentive compensation arrangements should (i) provide incentives that do not encourage risk-taking beyond the institution's ability to effectively identify and manage risks, (ii) be compatible with effective internal controls and risk management, and (iii) be supported by strong corporate governance, including active and effective oversight by the financial institution's board of directors.

The FRB will review, as part of the regular, risk-focused examination process, the incentive compensation arrangements of financial institutions, such as the Company, that are not "large, complex banking organizations." These reviews will be tailored to each financial institution based on the scope and complexity of the institution's activities and the prevalence of incentive compensation arrangements. The findings of the supervisory initiatives will be included in reports of examination. Deficiencies will be incorporated into the institution's supervisory ratings, which can affect the institution's ability to make acquisitions and take other actions. Enforcement actions may be taken against a financial institution if its incentive compensation arrangements, or related risk-management control or governance processes, pose a risk to the institution's safety and soundness and the financial institution is not taking prompt and effective measures to correct the deficiencies. At December 31, 2013, the Company had not been made aware of any instances of non-compliance with the final guidance.

Volcker Rule

The Dodd-Frank Act prohibits insured depository institutions and their holding companies from engaging in proprietary trading except in limited circumstances, and prohibits them from owning equity interests in excess of 3% of Tier 1 capital in private equity and hedge funds (known as the "Volcker Rule"). On December 10, 2013, the federal bank regulatory agencies adopted final rules implementing the Volcker Rule. These final rules prohibit banking entities from (i) engaging in short-term proprietary trading for their own accounts, and (ii) having certain ownership interests in and relationships with hedge funds or private equity funds. The final rules are intended to provide greater clarity with respect to both the extent of those primary prohibitions and of the related exemptions and exclusions. The final rules also require each regulated entity to establish an internal compliance program that is consistent with the extent to which it engages in activities covered by the Volcker Rule, which must include (for the largest entities) making regular reports about those activities to regulators. Although the final rules provide some tiering of compliance and reporting obligations based on size, the fundamental prohibitions of the Volcker Rule apply to banking entities of any size, including the Company and the Bank. The final rules are effective April 1, 2014, but the conformance period has been extended from its statutory end date of July 21, 2014 until July 21, 2015. The Company has evaluated the implications of the final rules on its investments and does not expect any material financial implications.

Under the final rules implementing the Volcker Rule, banking entities would have been prohibited from owning certain collateralized debt obligations ("CDOs") backed by trust preferred securities ("TruPS") as of July 21, 2015, which could have forced banking entities to recognize unrealized market losses based on the inability to hold any such investments to maturity. However, on January 14, 2014, the federal bank regulatory agencies issued an interim rule, effective April 1, 2014, exempting TruPS CDOs from the Volcker Rule if (i) the CDO was established prior to May 19, 2010, (ii) the banking entity reasonably believes that the offering proceeds of the CDO were used to invest primarily in TruPS issued by banks with less than $15 billion in assets, and (iii) the banking entity acquired the CDO on or before December 10, 2013. The Company currently does not have any impermissible holdings of TruPS CDOs under the interim rule, and therefore, will not be required to divest of any such investments or change the accounting treatment. However, regulators are soliciting comments to the Interim Rule, and this exemption could change prior to its effective date.

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Ability-to-Repay and Qualified Mortgage Rule

Pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act, the CFPB issued a final rule on January 10, 2013 (effective on January 10, 2014), amending Regulation Z as implemented by the Truth in Lending Act, requiring mortgage lenders to make a reasonable and good faith determination based on verified and documented information that a consumer applying for a mortgage loan has a reasonable ability to repay the loan according to its terms. Mortgage lenders are required to determine consumers' ability to repay in one of two ways. The first alternative requires the mortgage lender to consider the following eight underwriting factors when making the credit decision: (i) current or reasonably expected income or assets; (ii) current employment status; (iii) the monthly payment on the covered transaction; (iv) the monthly payment on any simultaneous loan; (v) the monthly payment for mortgage-related obligations; (vi) current debt obligations, alimony, and child support; (vii) the monthly debt-to-income ratio or residual income; and (viii) credit history. Alternatively, the mortgage lender can originate "qualified mortgages," which are entitled to a presumption that the creditor making the loan satisfied the ability-to-repay requirements. In general, a "qualified mortgage" is a mortgage loan without negative amortization, interest-only payments, balloon payments, or terms exceeding 30 years. In addition, to be a qualified mortgage the points and fees paid by a consumer cannot exceed 3% of the total loan amount. Qualified mortgages that are "higher-priced" (e.g. subprime loans) garner a rebuttable presumption of compliance with the ability-to-repay rules, while qualified mortgages that are not "higher-priced" (e.g. prime loans) are given a safe harbor of compliance. The Company is predominantly an originator of compliant qualified mortgages.

Effect of Governmental Monetary Policies

The Company's operations are affected not only by general economic conditions, but also by the policies of various regulatory authorities.  In particular, the FRB regulates money and credit conditions and interest rates to influence general economic conditions.  These policies have a significant impact on overall growth and distribution of loans, investments and deposits; they affect interest rates charged on loans or paid for time and savings deposits.  FRB monetary policies have had a significant effect on the operating results of commercial banks, including the Company, in the past and are expected to do so in the future.  As a result, the Company is unable to predict the effects of possible changes in monetary policies upon its future operating results.

Employees

At December 31, 2013, the Company employed 290 full-time equivalent persons.  In the opinion of the management of the Company, the relationship with employees of the Company and the Bank is good.

Internet Access to Company Documents
The Company provides access to its Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") filings through a link on the Investor Relations page of the Company's website at www.amnb.com.  Reports available include the annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports as soon as reasonably practicable after the reports are filed electronically with the SEC. The information on the Company's website is not incorporated into this Annual Report on Form 10-K or any other filing the Company makes with the SEC. The SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at www.sec.gov.
Executive Officers of the Company

The following table lists, as of December 31, 2013, the executive officers of the Company, their ages, and their positions:



Name
 
Age
 
Position
 
 
 
 
 
Charles H. Majors
 
68
 
Executive Chairman of the Company and the Bank since January 2013; prior thereto, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Company since January 2012; Chairman of the Bank since January 2012; prior thereto, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company; Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Bank from June 2010 to December 2011, prior thereto, Chief Executive Officer and President of the Bank.
 
Jeffrey V. Haley
 
53
 
President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company and Bank since January 2013; prior thereto, President of the Company and Chief Executive Officer of the Bank since January 2012; prior thereto, Executive Vice President of the Company from June 2010 to December 2011; prior thereto, Senior Vice President of the Company from July 2008 to May 2010; President of the Bank since June 2010; prior thereto, Executive Vice President of the Bank, as well as President of Trust and Financial Services from July 2008 to May 2010; prior thereto, Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of the Bank from November 2005 to June 2007.
 
William W. Traynham
 
58
 
Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer and Secretary of the Company since April 2009; Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, and Cashier of the Bank since April 2009; prior thereto, President and Chief Financial Officer of Community Bankshares Inc. and Chief Financial Officer of Community Resource Bank, NA from 1992 until the sale of the company in 2008.
 

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ITEM 1A – RISK FACTORS

Risks Related to the Company's Business

The Company's business is subject to interest rate risk, and variations in interest rates may negatively affect financial performance.

Changes in the interest rate environment may reduce the Company's profits.  It is expected that the Company will continue to realize income from the spread between the interest earned on loans, securities, and other interest earning assets, and interest paid on deposits, borrowings and other interest bearing liabilities.  Net interest spreads are affected by the difference between the maturities and repricing characteristics of interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities.  In addition, loan volume and yields are affected by market interest rates on loans, and the current interest rate environment encourages extreme competition for new loan originations from qualified borrowers.  Management cannot ensure that it can minimize the Company's interest rate risk. While an eventual increase in the general level of interest rates may increase the loan yield and the net interest margin, it may adversely affect the ability of certain borrowers with variable rate loans to pay the interest and principal of their obligations.  Accordingly, changes in levels of market interest rates could materially and adversely affect the net interest spread, asset quality, loan origination volume, and overall profitability of the Company.

The Company faces strong competition from financial services companies and other companies that offer banking and other financial services, which could negatively affect the Company's business.

The Company encounters substantial competition from other financial institutions in its market area.  Ultimately, the Company may not be able to compete successfully against current and future competitors. Many competitors offer the same banking services that the Company offers.  These competitors include national, regional, and community banks.  The Company also faces competition from many other types of financial institutions, including savings banks, finance companies, mutual and money market fund providers, brokerage firms, insurance companies, credit unions, financial subsidiaries of certain industrial corporations, and mortgage companies.  In particular, competitors include several major financial companies whose greater resources may afford them a marketplace advantage by enabling them to maintain numerous banking locations and ATMs and conduct extensive promotional and advertising campaigns. Increased competition may result in reduced business for the Company.

Additionally, banks and other financial institutions with larger capitalization and financial intermediaries not subject to bank regulatory restrictions have larger lending limits and are thereby able to serve the credit needs of larger customers. Areas of competition include interest rates for loans and deposits, efforts to obtain loans and deposits, and range and quality of products and services provided, including new technology-driven products and services.  Technological innovation continues to contribute to greater competition in domestic and international financial services markets as technological advances enable more companies to provide financial services.  If the Company is unable to attract and retain banking customers, it may be unable to continue to grow loan and deposit portfolios and its results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected.

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Changes in economic conditions could materially and negatively affect the Company's business.

The Company's business is directly impacted by economic, political, and market conditions, broad trends in industry and finance, legislative and regulatory changes, changes in government monetary and fiscal policies, and inflation, all of which are beyond the Company's control.  A deterioration in economic conditions, whether caused by global, national or local events, especially within the Company's market area, could result in potentially negative material consequences such as the following, among others: loan delinquencies increasing; problem assets and foreclosures increasing; demand for products and services decreasing; low cost or noninterest bearing deposits decreasing; and collateral for loans, especially real estate, declining in value, in turn reducing customers' borrowing power, and reducing the value of assets and collateral associated with existing loans.  Each of these consequences may have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition and results of operations.

Trust division income is a major source of non-interest income for the Company.  Trust and Investment Services fee revenue is largely dependent on the fair market value of assets under management and on trading volumes in the brokerage business. General economic conditions and their subsequent effect on the securities markets tend to act in correlation.  When general economic conditions deteriorate, securities markets generally decline in value, and the Company's Trust and Investment Service revenues are negatively impacted as asset values and trading volumes decrease.

The Company's credit standards and its on-going credit assessment processes might not protect it from significant credit losses.

The Company takes credit risk by virtue of making loans and extending loan commitments and letters of credit.  The Company manages credit risk through a program of underwriting standards, the review of certain credit decisions and an on-going process of assessment of the quality of the credit already extended.  The Company's exposure to credit risk is managed through the use of consistent underwriting standards that emphasize local lending while avoiding highly leveraged transactions as well as excessive industry and other concentrations.  The Company's credit administration function employs risk management techniques to help ensure that problem loans are promptly identified.  While these procedures are designed to provide the Company with the information needed to implement policy adjustments where necessary and to take appropriate corrective actions, and have proven to be reasonably effective to date, there can be no assurance that such measures will be effective in avoiding future undue credit risk.

The Company's focus on lending to small to mid-sized community-based businesses may increase its credit risk.
 
      Most of the Company's commercial business and commercial real estate loans are made to small business or middle market customers.  These businesses generally have fewer financial resources in terms of capital or borrowing capacity than larger entities and have a heightened vulnerability to economic conditions.  If general economic conditions in the market areas in which the Company operates negatively impact this important customer sector, the Company's results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected.  Moreover, a portion of these loans have been made by the Company in recent years and the borrowers may not have experienced a complete business or economic cycle.  The deterioration of the borrowers' businesses may hinder their ability to repay their loans with the Company, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition and results of operations.

The Company depends on the accuracy and completeness of information about clients and counterparties, and its financial condition could be adversely affected if it relies on misleading information.

In deciding whether to extend credit or to enter into other transactions with clients and counterparties, the Company may rely on information furnished to it by or on behalf of clients and counterparties, including financial statements and other financial information, which the Company does not independently verify.  The Company also may rely on representations of clients and counterparties as to the accuracy and completeness of that information and, with respect to financial statements, on reports of independent auditors.  For example, in deciding whether to extend credit to clients, the Company may assume that a customer's audited financial statements conform with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States and present fairly, in all material respects, the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the customer.  The Company's financial condition and results of operations could be negatively impacted to the extent it relies on financial statements that do not comply with GAAP or are materially misleading.


The allowance for loan losses may not be adequate to cover actual losses.

In accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, an allowance for loan losses is maintained to provide for loan losses.  The allowance for loan losses may not be adequate to cover actual credit losses, and future provisions for credit losses could materially and adversely affect operating results.  The allowance for loan losses is based on prior experience, as well as an evaluation of the risks in the current portfolio.  The amount of future losses is susceptible to changes in economic, operating, and other outside forces and conditions, including changes in interest rates, all of which are beyond the Company's control; and these losses may exceed current estimates.  Federal bank regulatory agencies, as a part of their examination process, review the Company's loans and allowance for loan losses.  While management believes that the allowance for loan losses is adequate to cover current losses, it cannot make assurances that it will not further increase the allowance for loan losses or that regulators will not require it to increase this allowance.  Either of these occurrences could adversely affect earnings.
 
14

Nonperforming assets take significant time to resolve and adversely affect the Company's results of operations and financial condition.

The Company's nonperforming assets adversely affect its net income in various ways.  Until economic and market conditions stabilize, the Company expects to continue to incur additional losses relating to volatility in nonperforming loans.  The Company does not record interest income on nonaccrual loans, which adversely affects its income and increases credit administration costs.  When the Company receives collateral through foreclosures and similar proceedings, it is required to mark the related asset to the then fair market value of the collateral less estimated selling costs, which may, and often does, result in a loss.  An increase in the level of nonperforming assets also increases the Company's risk profile and may impact the capital levels regulators believe are appropriate in light of such risks.  The Company utilizes various techniques such as workouts, restructurings and loan sales to manage problem assets.  Increases in or negative adjustments in the value of these problem assets, the underlying collateral, or in the borrowers' performance or financial condition, could adversely affect the Company's business, results of operations and financial condition.  In addition, the resolution of nonperforming assets requires significant commitments of time from management and staff, which can be detrimental to the performance of their other responsibilities, including generation of new loans.  There can be no assurance that the Company will avoid further increases in nonperforming loans in the future.

The continued weak condition of, or downturn in, the local real estate market could materially and negatively affect the Company's business.

The Company offers a variety of secured loans, including commercial lines of credit, commercial term loans, real estate, construction, home equity lines of credit, consumer and other loans. Many of these loans are secured by real estate (both residential and commercial) located in the Company's market area. The continued weakness of, or downturn in, the real estate market in the areas in which the Company conducts its operations could negatively affect the Company's business because significant portions of its loans are secured by real estate.  At December 31, 2013, the Company had approximately $795 million in loans, of which approximately $666 million (83.8%) were secured by real estate.  The ability to recover on defaulted loans by selling the real estate collateral could then be diminished and the Company would be more likely to suffer losses.

Substantially all of the Company's real property collateral is located in its market area.  If there is a continued decline in real estate values, especially in the Company's market area, the collateral for loans would deteriorate and provide significantly less security.

The Company relies upon independent appraisals to determine the value of the real estate which secures a significant portion of its loans, and the values indicated by such appraisals may not be realizable if the Company is forced to foreclose upon such loans.

A significant portion of the Company's loan portfolio consists of loans secured by real estate. The Company relies upon independent appraisers to estimate the value of such real estate.  Appraisals are only estimates of value and the independent appraisers may make mistakes of fact or judgment which adversely affect the reliability of their appraisals. In addition, events occurring after the initial appraisal may cause the value of the real estate to increase or decrease.  As a result of any of these factors, the real estate securing some of the Company's loans may be more or less valuable than anticipated at the time the loans were made.  If a default occurs on a loan secured by real estate that is less valuable than originally estimated, the Company may not be able to recover the outstanding balance of the loan and will suffer a loss.

The Company is dependent on key personnel and the loss of one or more of those key personnel may materially and adversely affect the Company's operations and prospects.

The Company currently depends on the services of a number of key management personnel.  The loss of key personnel could materially and adversely affect the results of operations and financial condition.  The Company's success also depends in part on the ability to attract and retain additional qualified management personnel.  Competition for such personnel is strong and the Company may not be successful in attracting or retaining the personnel it requires.

15

The inability of the Company to successfully manage its growth or implement its growth strategy may adversely affect the Company's results of operations and financial condition.

The Company may not be able to successfully implement its growth strategy if it is unable to identify attractive markets, locations or opportunities to expand in the future.  In addition, the ability to manage growth successfully depends on whether the Company can maintain adequate capital levels, cost controls and asset quality, and successfully integrate any businesses acquired into the Company.

As the Company continues to implement its growth strategy by opening new branches or acquiring branches or banks, it expects to incur increased personnel, occupancy and other operating expenses.  In the case of new branches, the Company must absorb those higher expenses while it begins to generate new deposits; there is also further time lag involved in redeploying new deposits into attractively priced loans and other higher yielding earning assets.  The Company's plans to expand could depress earnings in the short run, even if it efficiently executes a branching strategy leading to long-term financial benefits.

Difficulties in combining the operations of acquired entities with the Company's own operations may prevent the Company from achieving the expected benefits from acquisitions.

The Company may not be able to achieve fully the strategic objectives and operating efficiencies expected in an acquisition.  Inherent uncertainties exist in integrating the operations of an acquired entity.  In addition, the markets and industries in which the Company and its potential acquisition targets operate are highly competitive.  The Company may lose customers or the customers of acquired entities as a result of an acquisition; the Company may lose key personnel, either from the acquired entity or from itself; and the Company may not be able to control the incremental increase in noninterest expense arising from an acquisition in a manner that improves its overall operating efficiencies.  These factors could contribute to the Company's not achieving the expected benefits from its acquisitions within desired time frames, if at all.  Future business acquisitions could be material to the Company and it may issue additional shares of common stock to pay for those acquisitions, which would dilute current shareholders' ownership interests.  Acquisitions also could require the Company to use substantial cash or other liquid assets or to incur debt; the Company could therefore become more susceptible to economic downturns and competitive pressures.

The Company is subject to extensive regulation which could adversely affect its business.

The Company's operations as a publicly traded corporation, a bank holding company, and an insured depository institution are subject to extensive regulation by federal, state, and local governmental authorities and are subject to various laws and judicial and administrative decisions imposing requirements and restrictions on part or all of the Company's operations.  Because the Company's business is highly regulated, the laws, rules, and regulations applicable to it are subject to frequent and sometimes extensive change. Such changes could include higher capital requirements, increased insurance premiums, increased compliance costs, reductions of non-interest income and limitations on services that can be provided.  Actions by regulatory agencies or significant litigation against the Company could cause it to devote significant time and resources to defend itself and may lead to liability or penalties that materially affect the Company and its shareholders. Any future changes in the laws, rules or regulations applicable to the Company may negatively affect the Company's business and results of operations.

The Dodd-Frank Act substantially changes the regulation of the financial services industry and it could have a material adverse effect upon the Company.

The Dodd-Frank Act provides wide-ranging changes in the way banks and financial services firms generally are regulated and affects the way the Company and its customers and counterparties do business with each other.  Among other things, it requires increased capital and regulatory oversight for banks and their holding companies, changes the deposit insurance assessment system, changes responsibilities among regulators, establishes the new Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, and makes various changes in the securities laws and corporate governance that affect public companies, including the Company.  The Dodd-Frank Act also requires numerous studies and regulations related to its implementation.  The Company is continually evaluating the effects of the Dodd-Frank Act, together with implementing the regulations that have been proposed and adopted.  The ultimate effects of the Dodd-Frank Act and the resulting rulemaking cannot be predicted at this time, but it has increased the Company's operating and compliance costs in the short-term, and it could have a material adverse effect on the Company's results of operation and financial condition.

16

Recently enacted capital standards may have an adverse effect on the Company's profitability, lending, and ability to pay dividends on the Company's securities.
In July 2013, the FRB released its final rules which will implement in the U. S the Basel III regulatory capital reforms from the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and certain changes required by the Dodd-Frank Act. Under the final rules, minimum requirements will increase for both the quality and quantity of capital held by banking organizations. Consistent with the international Basel framework, the rule includes a new minimum ratio of common equity Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets of 4.5% and a common equity Tier 1 capital conservation buffer of 2.5% of risk-weighted assets that will apply to all supervised financial institutions. The rule also, among other things, raises the minimum ratio of Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets from 4% to 6% and includes a minimum leverage ratio of 4% for all banking organizations. We must begin transitioning to the new rules effective January 1, 2015. The potential impact of the new capital rules includes, but is not limited to, reduced lending and negative pressure on profitability and return on equity due to the higher capital requirements. To the extent the Company is required to increase capital in the future to comply with the new capital rules, its ability to pay dividends on its securities may be reduced.
New regulations issued by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau could adversely the Company's earnings.
The CFPB has broad rulemaking authority to administer and carry out the provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act with respect to financial institutions that offer covered financial products and services to consumers. Pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act, the CFPB issued a final rule effective January 10, 2014, requiring mortgage lenders to make a reasonable and good faith determination based on verified and documented information that a consumer applying for a mortgage loan has a reasonable ability to repay the loan according to its terms, or to originate "qualified mortgages" that meet specific requirements with respect to terms, pricing and fees. The new rule also contains new disclosure requirements at mortgage loan origination and in monthly statements. These requirements could limit the Company's ability to make certain types of loans or loans to certain borrowers, or could make it more expensive and/or time consuming to make these loans, which could adversely impact the Company's profitability.
The Company's exposure to operational, technological and organizational risk may adversely affect the Company.
The Company is exposed to many types of operational risks, including reputation, legal, and compliance risk, the risk of fraud or theft by employees or outsiders, unauthorized transactions by employees or operational errors, clerical or record-keeping errors, and errors resulting from faulty or disabled computer or telecommunications systems.

Negative public opinion can result from the actual or alleged conduct in any number of activities, including lending practices, corporate governance, and acquisitions, and from actions taken by government regulators and community organizations in response to those activities.  Negative public opinion can adversely affect the Company's ability to attract and retain customers and can expose it to litigation and regulatory action.

Certain errors may be repeated or compounded before they are discovered and successfully rectified. The Company's necessary dependence upon automated systems to record and process its transactions may further increase the risk that technical system flaws or employee tampering or manipulation of those systems will result in losses that are difficult to detect.  The Company may also be subject to disruptions of its operating systems arising from events that are wholly or partially beyond its control (for example, computer viruses or electrical or telecommunications outages), which may give rise to disruption of service to customers and to financial loss or liability. The Company is further exposed to the risk that its external vendors may be unable to fulfill their contractual obligations (or will be subject to the same risk of fraud or operational errors by their respective employees as is the Company) and to the risk that the Company's (or its vendors') business continuity and data security systems prove to be inadequate.

Changes in accounting standards could impact reported earnings.

From time to time, with seeming increasing frequency, there are changes in the financial accounting and reporting standards that govern the preparation of the Company's financial statements.  These changes can materially impact how the Company records and reports its financial condition and results of operations.  In some instances, the Company could be required to apply a new or revised standard retroactively, resulting in the restatement of prior period financial statements.

17

Failure to maintain effective systems of internal and disclosure control could have a material adverse effect on the Company's results of operation and financial condition.

Effective internal and disclosure controls are necessary for the Company to provide reliable financial reports and effectively prevent fraud and to operate successfully as a public company.  If the Company cannot provide reliable financial reports or prevent fraud, its reputation and operating results would be harmed.  As part of the Company's ongoing monitoring of internal control, it may discover material weaknesses or significant deficiencies in its internal control that require remediation.  A "material weakness" is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of a company's annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

The Company has in the past discovered, and may in the future discover, areas of its internal controls that need improvement.  Even so, the Company is continuing to work to improve its internal controls.  The Company cannot be certain that these measures will ensure that it implements and maintains adequate controls over its financial processes and reporting in the future.  Any failure to maintain effective controls or to timely effect any necessary improvement of the Company's internal and disclosure controls could, among other things, result in losses from fraud or error, harm the Company's reputation or cause investors to lose confidence in the Company's reported financial information, all of which could have a material adverse effect on the Company's results of operation and financial condition.

The carrying value of goodwill may be adversely impacted.

When the Company completes an acquisition, generally goodwill is recorded on the date of acquisition as an asset.  Current accounting guidance requires for goodwill to be tested for impairment, which the Company performs an impairment analysis at least annually, rather than amortizing it over a period of time.  A significant adverse change in expected future cash flows or sustained adverse change in the Company's common stock could require the asset to become impaired.  If impaired, the Company would incur a non-cash charge to earnings that would have a significant impact on the results of operations.  The carrying value of goodwill was approximately $39 million at December 31, 2013.

The Company may need to raise additional capital in the future to continue to grow, but may be unable to obtain additional capital on favorable terms or at all.

Federal and state banking regulators and safe and sound banking practices require the Company to maintain adequate levels of capital to support its operations.  Although the Company currently has no specific plans for additional offices, its business strategy calls for it to continue to grow in its existing banking markets (internally and through additional offices and to expand into new markets as appropriate opportunities arise. Continued growth in the Company's earning assets, which may result from internal expansion and new branch offices, at rates in excess of the rate at which its capital is increased through retained earnings, will reduce the Company's capital ratios. If the Company's capital ratios fell below "well capitalized" levels, the FDIC deposit insurance assessment rate would increase until capital was restored and maintained at a "well capitalized" level. A higher assessment rate would cause an increase in the assessments the Company pays for federal deposit insurance, which would have an adverse effect on the Company's operating results.

Management of the Company believes that its current and projected capital position is sufficient to maintain capital ratios significantly in excess of regulatory requirements for the next several years and allow the Company flexibility in the timing of any possible future efforts to raise additional capital.   However, if, in the future, the Company needs to increase its capital to fund additional growth or satisfy regulatory requirements, its ability to raise that additional capital will depend on conditions at that time in the capital markets, economic conditions, the Company's financial performance and condition, and other factors, many of which are outside its control.  There is no assurance that the Company will be able to raise additional capital on terms favorable to it or at all.  Any future inability to raise additional capital on terms acceptable to the Company may have a material adverse effect on its ability to expand operations, and on its financial condition, results of operations and future prospects.

The Company relies on other companies to provide key components of the Company's business infrastructure.

Third parties provide key components of the Company's business operations such as data processing, recording and monitoring transactions, online banking interfaces and services, Internet connections and network access.  While the Company has selected these third party vendors carefully, it does not control their actions.  Any problem caused by these third parties, including those resulting from disruptions in communication services provided by a vendor, failure of a vendor to handle current or higher volumes, failures of a vendor to provide services for any reason or poor performance of services, could adversely affect the Company's ability to deliver products and services to its customers and otherwise conduct its business.  Financial or operational difficulties of a third party vendor could also hurt the Company's operations if those difficulties interface with the vendor's ability to serve the Company.  Replacing these third party vendors could also create significant delay and expense.  Accordingly, use of such third parties creates an unavoidable inherent risk to the Company's business operations.
 
18

The Company's operations may be adversely affected by cyber security risks.

The Company relies heavily on communications and information systems to conduct business.  Any failure, interruption, or breach in security of these systems could result in failures or disruptions in the Company's internet banking, deposit, loan, and other systems.  While the Company has policies and procedures designed to prevent or limit the effect of such failure, interruption, or security breach of the Company's information systems, there can be no assurance that they will not occur or, if they do occur, that they will be adequately addressed.  The occurrence of any failure, interruption or security breach of the Company's communications and information systems could damage the Company's reputation, result in a loss of customer business, subject the Company to additional regulatory scrutiny, or expose the Company to civil litigation and possible financial liability.  Additionally, the Company outsources its data processing to a third party. If the Company's third party provider encounters difficulties or if the Company has difficulty in communicating with such third party, it will significantly affect the Company's ability to adequately process and account for customer transactions, which would significantly affect its business operations.

In the ordinary course of business, the Company collects and stores sensitive data, including proprietary business information and personally identifiable information of its customers and employees in systems and on networks. The secure processing, maintenance and use of this information is critical to operations and the Company's business strategy. The Company has invested in accepted technologies, and annually reviews processes and practices that are designed to protect its networks, computers and data from damage or unauthorized access. Despite these security measures, the Company's computer systems and infrastructure may be vulnerable to attacks by hackers or breached due to employee error, malfeasance or other disruptions. A breach of any kind could compromise systems and the information stored there could be accessed, damaged or disclosed. A breach in security could result in legal claims, regulatory penalties, disruption in operations, and damage to the Company's reputation, which could adversely affect the Company's business.
Consumers may increasingly decide not to use the Bank to complete their financial transactions, which would have a material adverse impact on the Company's financial condition and operations.
     Technology and other changes are allowing parties to complete financial transactions through alternative methods that historically have involved banks. For example, consumers can now maintain funds that would have historically been held as bank deposits in brokerage accounts, mutual funds or general-purpose reloadable prepaid cards. Consumers can also complete transactions such as paying bills and/or transferring funds directly without the assistance of banks. The process of eliminating banks as intermediaries, known as "disintermediation," could result in the loss of fee income, as well as the loss of customer deposits and the related income generated from those deposits. The loss of these revenue streams and the lower cost of deposits as a source of funds could have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition and results of operations.
The Company is subject to claims and litigation pertaining to fiduciary responsibility.
      From time to time, customers make claims and take legal action pertaining to the performance of the Company's fiduciary responsibilities. Whether customer claims and legal action related to the performance of the Company's fiduciary responsibilities are founded or unfounded, if such claims and legal actions are not resolved in a manner favorable to the Company, they may result in significant financial liability and/or adversely affect the market perception of the Company and its products and services, as well as impact customer demand for those products and services. Any financial liability or reputation damage could have a material adverse effect on the Company's business, which, in turn, could have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition and results of operations.
Risks Related to the Company's Common Stock

While the Company's common stock is currently traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market, it has less liquidity than stocks for larger companies quoted on a national securities exchange.

The trading volume in the Company's common stock on the NASDAQ Global Select Market has been relatively low when compared with larger companies listed on the NASDAQ Global Select Market or other stock exchanges.  There is no assurance that a more active and liquid trading market for the common stock will exist in the future.  Consequently, shareholders may not be able to sell a substantial number of shares for the same price at which shareholders could sell a smaller number of shares.  In addition, we cannot predict the effect, if any, that future sales of the Company's common stock in the market, or the availability of shares of common stock for sale in the market, will have on the market price of the common stock.

19

Future issuances of the Company's common stock could adversely affect the market price of the common stock and could be dilutive.

The Company is not restricted from issuing additional shares of common stock, including any securities that are convertible into or exchangeable for, or that represent the right to receive, shares of common stock.  Issuances of a substantial number of shares of common stock, or the expectation that such issuances might occur, including in connection with acquisitions by the Company, could materially adversely affect the market price of the shares of the common stock and could be dilutive to shareholders.  Because the Company's decision to issue common stock in the future will depend on market conditions and other factors, it cannot predict or estimate the amount, timing or nature of possible future issuances of its common stock.  Accordingly, the Company's shareholders bear the risk that future issuances will reduce the market price of the common stock and dilute their stock holdings in the Company.

The primary source of the Company's income from which it pays cash dividends is the receipt of dividends from its subsidiary bank.

The availability of dividends from the Company is limited by various statutes and regulations.  It is possible, depending upon the financial condition of the Bank and other factors, that the OCC could assert that payment of dividends or other payments is an unsafe or unsound practice.  In the event the Bank was unable to pay dividends to the Company, or be limited in the payment of such dividends, the Company would likely have to reduce or stop paying common stock dividends.  The Company's reduction, limitation or failure to pay such dividends on its common stock could have a material adverse effect on the market price of the common stock.

The Company's governing documents and Virginia law contain anti-takeover provisions that could negatively impact its shareholders.

The Company's Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws and the Virginia Stock Corporation Act contain certain provisions designed to enhance the ability of the Company's Board of Directors to deal with attempts to acquire control of the Company.  These provisions and the ability to set the voting rights, preferences and other terms of any series of preferred stock that may be issued, may be deemed to have an anti-takeover effect and may discourage takeovers (which certain shareholders may deem to be in their best interest).  To the extent that such takeover attempts are discouraged, temporary fluctuations in the market price of the Company's common stock resulting from actual or rumored takeover attempts may be inhibited.  These provisions also could discourage or make more difficult a merger, tender offer, or proxy contest, even though such transactions may be favorable to the interests of shareholders, and could potentially adversely affect the market price of the Company's common stock.

ITEM 2 – PROPERTIES

As of December 31, 2013, the Company maintained twenty-five banking offices.  The Company's Virginia banking offices are located in the cities of Danville, Martinsville and Lynchburg, and in the counties of Bedford, Campbell, Halifax, Henry, Nelson and Pittsylvania.  In North Carolina, the Company's banking offices are located in the cities of Burlington, Greensboro, Mebane and Graham and in the counties of Alamance, Caswell, and Guilford.  The Company also operates two loan production offices.

The principal executive offices of the Company are located at 628 Main Street in the business district of Danville, Virginia.  This building, owned by the Company, was originally constructed in 1973 and has three floors totaling approximately 27,000 square feet.

The Company owns a building located at 103 Tower Drive in Danville, Virginia.  This three-story facility serves as an operations center for data processing and deposit operations.

The Company has an office at 445 Mount Cross Road in Danville, Virginia where it consolidated two banking offices in January 2009 and gained additional administrative space.

The Company has an office at 3101 South Church Street in Burlington, North Carolina.  This building serves as the head office for our North Carolina operations.

The Company owns thirteen other offices for a total of seventeen owned buildings.  There are no mortgages or liens against any of the properties owned by the Company.  The Company operates thirty-one Automated Teller Machines ("ATMs") on owned or leased facilities.  The Company leases eight office locations and two storage warehouses.  The Company occupies space rent-free for its two limited service offices in Burlington located in the Alamance Regional Medical Center and in the Village of Brookwood Retirement Center under agreements with the owners of those facilities.

20



ITEM 3 – LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

In the ordinary course of operations, the Company and the Bank are parties to various legal proceedings.


ITEM 4 – MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

None.

21


 
PART II

ITEM 5 – MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

      The Company's common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol "AMNB."  At December 31, 2013, the Company had 2,201 shareholders of record.  The following table presents the high and low sales prices for the Company's common stock and dividends declared for the past two years.

 
 
   
   
Dividends
 
 
 
Sales Price
   
Declared
 
2013
 
High
   
Low
   
Per Share
 
 
 
   
   
 
1st quarter
 
$
22.00
   
$
19.57
   
$
0.23
 
2nd quarter
   
23.46
     
19.60
     
0.23
 
3rd quarter
   
25.90
     
20.77
     
0.23
 
4th quarter
   
27.74
     
21.16
     
0.23
 
 
                 
$
0.92
 
 
                       
 
                 
Dividends
 
 
 
Sales Price
   
Declared
 
2012
 
High
   
Low
   
Per Share
 
 
                       
1st quarter
 
$
22.19
   
$
18.54
   
$
0.23
 
2nd quarter
   
24.00
     
20.91
     
0.23
 
3rd quarter
   
23.99
     
21.60
     
0.23
 
4th quarter
   
22.81
     
18.50
     
0.23
 
 
                 
$
0.92
 


Stock Compensation Plans

The Company maintains the 2008 Stock Incentive Plan ("2008 Plan"), which is designed to attract and retain qualified personnel in key positions, provide employees with an equity interest in the Company as an incentive to contribute to the success of the Company, and reward employees for outstanding performance and the attainment of targeted goals.  The 2008 Plan and stock compensation in general is discussed in note 13 of the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in Item 8 of this Form 10-K..

The December 31, 2013 position of the Company's equity investment compensation plan is summarized below:

 
 
December 31, 2013
 
 
 
Number of Shares to be Issued Upon Exercise of Outstanding Options
 
Weighted-Average Per Share Exercise Price of Outstanding Options
   
Number of Shares Remaining Available for Future Issuance Under
 
 
 
 
   
 
Equity compensation plans approved by shareholders
   
207,247
   
$
24.65
     
324,541
 
Equity compensation plans not approved by shareholders
   
-
     
-
     
-
 
Total
   
207,247
   
$
24.65
     
324,541
 

22


Comparative Stock Performance

The following graph compares the Company's cumulative total return to its shareholders with the returns of two indexes for the five-year period ended December 31, 2013.  The cumulative total return was calculated taking into consideration changes in stock price, cash dividends, stock dividends, and stock splits since December 31, 2008.  The indexes are the NASDAQ Composite Index; the SNL Bank $ 1 Billion - $5 Billion Index, which includes bank holding companies with assets of $1 billion to $5 billion and is published by SNL Financial, LC.

American National Bankshares Inc.


 
Period Ending    
Index
 
12/31/08
   
12/31/09
   
12/31/10
   
12/31/11
   
12/31/12
   
12/31/13
 
American National Bankshares Inc.
 
$
100.00
   
$
135.39
   
$
152.12
   
$
132.09
   
$
142.85
   
$
193.53
 
NASDAQ Composite
   
100.00
     
145.36
     
171.74
     
170.38
     
200.63
     
281.22
 
SNL Bank $1B-$5B
   
100.00
     
71.68
     
81.25
     
74.10
     
91.37
     
132.87
 

23


ITEM 6 - SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The following table sets forth selected financial data for the Company for the last five years:


(Amounts in thousands, except per share information and ratios)
 
   
   
   
   
 
 
 
December 31,
 
 
 
2013
   
2012
   
2011
   
2010
   
2009
 
Results of Operations:
 
   
   
   
   
 
Interest income
 
$
52,956
   
$
57,806
   
$
49,187
   
$
35,933
   
$
38,061
 
Interest expense
   
6,583
     
8,141
     
8,780
     
8,719
     
10,789
 
Net interest income
   
46,373
     
49,665
     
40,407
     
27,214
     
27,272
 
Provision for loan losses
   
294
     
2,133
     
3,170
     
1,490
     
1,662
 
Noninterest income
   
10,827
     
11,410
     
9,244
     
9,114
     
8,518
 
Noninterest expense
   
35,105
     
36,643
     
30,000
     
23,379
     
24,793
 
Income before income tax provision
   
21,801
     
22,299
     
16,481
     
11,459
     
9,335
 
Income tax provision
   
6,054
     
6,293
     
4,910
     
3,181
     
2,525
 
Net income
 
$
15,747
   
$
16,006
   
$
11,571
   
$
8,278
   
$
6,810
 
 
                                       
Financial Condition:
                                       
Assets
 
$
1,307,512
   
$
1,283,687
   
$
1,304,706
   
$
833,664
   
$
808,973
 
Loans, net of unearned income
   
794,671
     
788,705
     
824,758
     
520,781
     
527,991
 
Securities
   
351,013
     
340,533
     
339,385
     
235,691
     
199,686
 
Deposits
   
1,057,675
     
1,027,667
     
1,058,754
     
640,098
     
604,273
 
Shareholders' equity
   
167,551
     
163,246
     
152,829
     
108,087
     
106,389
 
Shareholders' equity, tangible
   
125,349
     
119,543
     
107,335
     
84,299
     
82,223
 
 
                                       
Per Share Information:
                                       
Earnings per share, basic
 
$
2.00
   
$
2.04
   
$
1.64
   
$
1.35
   
$
1.12
 
Earnings per share, diluted
   
2.00
     
2.04
     
1.64
     
1.35
     
1.12
 
Cash dividends paid
   
0.92
     
0.92
     
0.92
     
0.92
     
0.92
 
Book value
   
21.23
     
20.80
     
19.58
     
17.64
     
17.41
 
Book value, tangible
   
15.89
     
15.23
     
13.75
     
13.76
     
13.46
 
 
                                       
Weighted average shares outstanding, basic
   
7,872,870
     
7,834,351
     
6,982,524
     
6,123,870
     
6,097,810
 
Weighted average shares outstanding, diluted
   
7,884,561
     
7,845,652
     
6,989,877
     
6,131,650
     
6,102,895
 
 
                                       
Selected Ratios:
                                       
Return on average assets
   
1.20
%
   
1.23
%
   
1.07
%
   
1.00
%
   
0.84
%
Return on average equity (1)
   
9.52
%
   
10.08
%
   
8.88
%
   
7.59
%
   
6.57
%
Return on average tangible equity (2)
   
13.75
%
   
15.25
%
   
12.97
%
   
10.05
%
   
8.94
%
Dividend payout ratio
   
46.03
%
   
45.06
%
   
55.50
%
   
68.08
%
   
82.40
%
Efficiency ratio (3)
   
57.57
%
   
58.23
%
   
58.48
%
   
61.53
%
   
63.46
%
Net interest margin
   
4.10
%
   
4.44
%
   
4.35
%
   
3.78
%
   
3.81
%
 
                                       
Asset Quality Ratios:
                                       
Allowance for loan losses to period end loans
   
1.59
%
   
1.54
%
   
1.28
%
   
1.62
%
   
1.55
%
Allowance for loan losses to period end
                                       
   non-performing loans
   
248.47
%
   
227.95
%
   
76.76
%
   
324.22
%
   
224.22
%
Non-performing assets to total assets
   
0.65
%
   
0.90
%
   
1.46
%
   
0.76
%
   
0.87
%
Net charge-offs to average loans
   
(0.02
)%
   
0.07
%
   
0.16
%
   
0.24
%
   
0.24
%
 
                                       
Capital Ratios:
                                       
Total risk-based capital ratio
   
18.14
%
   
17.00
%
   
15.55
%
   
19.64
%
   
18.82
%
Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio
   
16.88
%
   
15.75
%
   
14.36
%
   
18.38
%
   
17.56
%
Tier 1 leverage ratio
   
11.81
%
   
11.27
%
   
10.32
%
   
12.74
%
   
12.81
%
Tangible equity to tangible assets ratio (4)
   
9.91
%
   
9.64
%
   
8.52
%
   
10.41
%
   
10.48
%
____________________
                                       
(1) Return on average common equity is calculated by dividing net income available to common shareholders by average common equity.       
        
 
                                       
(2) Return on average tangible common equity is calculated by dividing net income available to common shareholders plus amortization of intangibles tax effected by average common equity less average intangibles.           
 
 
                                       
(3) The efficiency ratio is calculated by dividing noninterest expense excluding gains or losses on the sale of OREO by net interest income including tax equivalent income on nontaxable loans and securities and excluding (a) gains or losses on securities and (b) gains or losses on sale of premises and equipment.            
 
                                       
(4)Tangible equity to tangible assets ratio is calculated by dividing period-end common equity less period-end intangibles by period-end assets less period-end intangibles.
                   
 
24


ITEM 7 - MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The purpose of this discussion is to focus on significant changes in the financial condition and results of operations of the Company during the past three years.  The discussion and analysis are intended to supplement and highlight information contained in the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements and the selected financial data presented elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

RECLASSIFICATION

In certain circumstances, reclassifications have been made to prior period information to conform to the 2013 presentation.  There were no material reclassifications.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The accounting and reporting policies followed by the Company conform with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") and they conform to general practices within the banking industry.  The Company's critical accounting policies, which are summarized below, relate to (1) the allowance for loan losses, (2) mergers and acquisitions, (3) acquired loans with specific credit-related deterioration and (4) goodwill impairment.  A summary of the Company's significant accounting policies is set forth in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

The financial information contained within the Company's financial statements is, to a significant extent, financial information that is based on measures of the financial effects of transactions and events that have already occurred.  A variety of factors could affect the ultimate value that is obtained when earning income, recognizing an expense, recovering an asset, or relieving a liability.  In addition, GAAP itself may change from one previously acceptable method to another method.


Allowance for Loan Losses

The purpose of the allowance for loan losses ("ALLL") is to provide for probable losses in the loan portfolio.  The allowance is increased by the provision for loan losses and by recoveries of previously charged-off loans.  Loan charge-offs decrease the allowance.

The goal of the Company is to maintain an appropriate, systematic, and consistently applied process to determine the amounts of the ALLL and the provision for loan loss expense.

The Company uses certain practices to manage its credit risk.  These practices include (1) appropriate lending limits for loan officers, (2) a loan approval process, (3) careful underwriting of loan requests, including analysis of borrowers, cash flows, collateral, and market risks, (4) regular monitoring of the portfolio, including diversification by type and geography, (5) review of loans by the Loan Review department, which operates independently of loan production, (6) regular meetings of the Credit Committee to discuss portfolio and policy changes and make decisions on large or unusual loan requests, and (7) regular meetings of the Asset Quality Committee which reviews the status of individual loans.

Risk grades are assigned as part of the loan origination process. From time to time, risk grades may be modified as warranted by the facts and circumstances surrounding the credit.

Calculation and analysis of the ALLL is prepared quarterly by the Finance Department.  The Company's Credit Committee, Capital Management Committee, Audit Committee, and the Board of Directors review the allowance for adequacy.

The Company's ALLL has two basic components:  the formula allowance and the specific allowance.  Each of these components is determined based upon estimates and judgments.

The formula allowance uses historical loss experience as an indicator of future losses, along with various qualitative factors, including levels and trends in delinquencies, nonaccrual loans, charge-offs and recoveries, trends in volume and terms of loans, effects of changes in underwriting standards, experience of lending staff, economic conditions, and portfolio concentrations, regulatory, legal, competition, quality of loan review system, and value of underlying collateral. In the formula allowance for commercial and commercial real estate loans, the historical loss rate is combined with the qualitative factors, resulting in an adjusted loss factor for each risk-grade category of loans.  The period-end balances for each loan risk-grade category are multiplied by the adjusted loss factor.  Allowance calculations for residential real estate and consumer loans are calculated based on historical losses for each product category without regard to risk grade. This loss rate is combined with qualitative factors resulting in an adjusted loss factor for each product category.

25

The specific allowance uses various techniques to arrive at an estimate of loss for specifically identified impaired loans. These include:

·
The present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan's effective interest rate.  The effective interest rate on a loan is the rate of return implicit in the loan (that is, the contractual interest rate adjusted for any net deferred loan fees or costs and any premium or discount existing at the origination or acquisition of the loan);
·
The loan's observable market price, or
·
The fair value of the collateral, net of estimated costs to dispose, if the loan is collateral dependent.
      The use of these computed values is inherently subjective and actual losses could be greater or less than the estimates.

No single statistic, formula, or measurement determines the adequacy of the allowance.  Management makes subjective and complex judgments about matters that are inherently uncertain, and different amounts would be reported under different conditions or using different assumptions.  For analytical purposes, management allocates a portion of the allowance to specific loan categories and specific loans.  However, the entire allowance is used to absorb credit losses inherent in the loan portfolio, including identified and unidentified losses.

The relationships and ratios used in calculating the allowance, including the qualitative factors, may change from period to period as facts and circumstances evolve.  Furthermore, management cannot provide assurance that in any particular period the Bank will not have sizeable credit losses in relation to the amount reserved.  Management may find it necessary to significantly adjust the allowance, considering current factors at the time.
Mergers and Acquisitions
Business combinations are accounted for under Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 805, Business Combinations, using the acquisition method of accounting. The acquisition method of accounting requires an acquirer to recognize the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed at the acquisition date measured at their fair values as of that date. To determine the fair values, the Company will rely on third party valuations, such as appraisals, or internal valuations based on discounted cash flow analyses or other valuation techniques. Under the acquisition method of accounting, the Company will identify the acquirer and the closing date and apply applicable recognition principles and conditions.
Acquisition-related costs are costs the Company incurs to effect a business combination. Those costs include advisory, legal, accounting, valuation, and other professional or consulting fees. Some other examples of costs to the Company include systems conversions, integration planning, consultants and advertising costs. The Company will account for acquisition-related costs as expenses in the periods in which the costs are incurred and the services are received, with one exception. The costs to issue debt or equity securities will be recognized in accordance with other applicable GAAP. These acquisition-related costs have been and will be included within the Consolidated Statements of Income classified within the noninterest expense caption.

Acquired Loans with Specific Credit-Related Deterioration
Acquired loans with specific credit deterioration are accounted for by the Company in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") ASC 310-30, Receivables - Loans and Debt Securities Acquired with Deteriorated Credit Quality. Certain acquired loans, those for which specific credit-related deterioration, since origination, is identified, are recorded at fair value reflecting the present value of the amounts expected to be collected. Income recognition on these loans is based on a reasonable expectation about the timing and amount of cash flows to be collected. Acquired loans deemed impaired and considered collateral dependent, with the timing of the sale of loan collateral indeterminate, remain on non-accrual status and have no accretable yield.

26

Goodwill Impairment

     The Company performs its annual analysis as of June 30 each fiscal year. Accounting guidance permits preliminary assessment of qualitative factors to determine whether more substantial impairment testing is required. The Company chose to bypass the preliminary assessment and utilized a two-step process for impairment testing of goodwill. The first step tests for impairment, while the second step, if necessary, measures the impairment.  No indicators of impairment were identified during the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011.

NON-GAAP PRESENTATIONS

The analysis of net interest income in this document is performed on a taxable equivalent basis to facilitate performance comparisons among various taxable and tax-exempt assets.

ACQUISITION OF MIDCAROLINA FINANCIAL CORPORATION

On July 1, 2011, the Company completed its merger with MidCarolina Financial Corporation pursuant to the Agreement and Plan of Reorganization, dated December 15, 2010, between the Company and MidCarolina. MidCarolina was headquartered in Burlington, North Carolina, and engaged in banking operations through its subsidiary bank, MidCarolina Bank.  The transaction has significantly expanded the Company's footprint in North Carolina, adding eight branches in Alamance and Guilford Counties. Details of the transaction are discussed in note 2 of the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in Item 8 of this Form 10-K.


MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM CHANGES

Coincidentally with the merger with MidCarolina, the Company converted its management information systems from an in-house data processing system to an outsourced processing strategy.  Both banks' management information systems were fully integrated and converted to Jack Henry & Associates Silverlake processing system in mid-February 2012.


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Net Income

Net income available to common shareholders for 2013 was $15,747,000 compared to $16,006,000 for 2012, a decrease of $259,000 or 1.6%. Basic and diluted earnings per share were $2.00 for 2013 compared to $2.04 for the 2012. This net income produced for 2013 a return on average assets of 1.20%, a return on average equity of 9.52%, and a return on average tangible equity of 13.75%.

Net income available to common shareholders for 2012 was $16,006,000 compared to $11,468,000 for 2011, an increase of $4,538,000 or 39.6%. Basic and diluted earnings per share were $2.04 for 2012 compared to $1.64 for the 2011. This net income produced for 2012 a return on average assets of 1.23%, a return on average equity of 10.08%, and a return on average tangible equity of 15.25%.

Earnings for 2013, 2012, and the second half of 2011 were favorably impacted by the July 2011 merger between American National and MidCarolina Financial Corporation.
 
Net Interest Income

Net interest income is the difference between interest income on earning assets, primarily loans and securities, and interest expense on interest bearing liabilities, primarily deposits.  Fluctuations in interest rates as well as volume and mix changes in earning assets and interest bearing liabilities can materially impact net interest income.  The July 2011 merger with MidCarolina has impacted net interest income positively for 2012 and 2013. This is discussed more fully in the Fair Value Impact to Net Income. The Company expects this favorable impact to decline rapidly over the next several years.

27

The following discussion of net interest income is presented on a taxable equivalent basis to facilitate performance comparisons among various taxable and tax-exempt assets, such as certain state and municipal securities.  A tax rate of 35% was used in adjusting interest on tax-exempt assets to a fully taxable equivalent basis.  Net interest income divided by average earning assets is referred to as the net interest margin. The net interest spread represents the difference between the average rate earned on earning assets and the average rate paid on interest bearing liabilities.  All references in this section relate to average yields and rates and average asset and liability balances during the periods discussed.

Net interest income on a taxable equivalent basis decreased $3,357,000 or 6.5% in 2013 from 2012, following a $9,577,000 or 22.6% increase in 2012 from 2011.  The decrease in net interest income in 2013 was primarily due to changes in interest rates and lower accretion income related to the MidCarolina acquired loan portfolio.  Yields on loans were 5.65% in 2013 compared to 6.06% in 2012.  Costs of funds were lower in 2013 compared to 2012, especially with respect to time deposits, which were 1.22% for 2013 compared to 1.36% for 2012. Deposit rates for demand account decreased to 0.07% in 2013 from 0.13% in 2012 and money market accounts decreased to 0.19% in 2013 from 0.30% in 2012. Management regularly reviews deposit pricing and attempts to keep costs as low as possible, while remaining competitive. The net interest margin was 4.10% for 2013, 4.44% for 2012, and 4.35% for 2011.

During 2008, the Federal Open Market Committee of the FRB reduced the federal funds rate seven times from 4.25% to 0.25%, where it has remained through 2013 and into early 2014. This historically low rate environment has had a significant effect on the Company's net interest margin. Based on recent FRB pronouncements, rates are expected to remain at or near historical lows for the foreseeable future. However, the recent beginning of reductions in the Federal Reserve's policy of quantitative easing may result in upper pressure on some market interest rates.

Net interest income on a taxable equivalent basis increased $9,577,000 or 22.6% in 2012 from 2011, following a $13,899,000 or 48.7% increase in 2011 from 2010.  The increase in net interest income in 2012 was primarily due to the July 2011 merger with MidCarolina, driven mostly by accretion income related to the acquired loan portfolio. Yields on loans were 6.06% in 2012 compared to 6.05% in 2011.  Costs of funds were lower in 2012 compared to 2011, especially with respect to time deposits, which were 1.36% for 2012 compared to 1.63% for 2011. Deposit rates for demand account decreased to 0.13% in 2012 from 0.21% in 2011 and money market accounts decreased to 0.30% in 2012 from 0.43% in 2011. Management actively and regularly reviews deposit pricing and attempts to keep costs as low as possible. The net interest margin was 4.44% for 2012, 4.35% for 2011, and 3.78% for 2010.

28

The following presentation is an analysis of net interest income and related yields and rates, on a taxable equivalent basis, for the last three years.  Nonaccrual loans are included in average balances.  Interest income on nonaccrual loans, if recognized, is recorded on a cash basis or when the loan returns to accrual status.

Net Interest Income Analysis
(in thousands, except yields and rates)
   
 
Average Balance
   
Interest Income/Expense
   
Average Yield/Rate
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
 
 
2013
   
2012
   
2011
   
2013
   
2012
   
2011
   
2013
   
2012
   
2011
 
Loans:
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Commercial
 
$
125,283
   
$
128,031
   
$
107,376
   
$
6,082
   
$
6,642
   
$
4,947
     
4.85
%
   
5.19
%
   
4.61
%
Real estate
   
663,224
     
677,314
     
559,656
     
38,425
     
42,088
     
35,298
     
5.79
     
6.21
     
6.31
 
Consumer
   
5,847
     
8,359
     
7,734
     
403
     
605
     
575
     
6.89
     
7.24
     
7.43
 
Total loans
   
794,354
     
813,704
     
674,766
     
44,910
     
49,335
     
40,820
     
5.65
     
6.06
     
6.05
 
 
                                                                       
Securities:
                                                                       
Federal agencies and GSEs
   
55,435
     
36,066
     
36,247
     
532
     
545
     
946
     
0.96
     
1.51
     
2.61
 
Mortgage-backed and CMOs
   
74,909
     
94,183
     
75,902
     
1,442
     
1,906
     
2,148
     
1.93
     
2.02
     
2.83
 
State and municipal
   
193,254
     
182,939
     
151,254
     
7,750
     
7,829
     
6,872
     
4.01
     
4.28
     
4.54
 
Other
   
15,007
     
11,654
     
7,038
     
430
     
435
     
279
     
2.87
     
3.73
     
3.96
 
Total securities
   
338,605
     
324,842
     
270,441
     
10,154
     
10,715
     
10,245
     
3.00
     
3.30
     
3.79
 
 
                                                                       
Deposits in other banks
   
53,857
     
32,080
     
29,394
     
151
     
80
     
127
     
0.28
     
0.25
     
0.43
 
 
                                                                       
Total interest earning assets
   
1,186,816
     
1,170,626
     
974,601
     
55,215
     
60,130
     
51,192
     
4.65
     
5.14
     
5.25
 
 
                                                                       
Nonearning assets
   
120,338
     
132,455
     
102,493
                                                 
 
                                                                       
Total assets
 
$
1,307,154
   
$
1,303,081
   
$
1,077,094
                                                 
 
                                                                       
Deposits:
                                                                       
Demand
 
$
161,602
   
$
142,296
   
$
137,211
     
111
     
190
     
290
     
0.07
     
0.13
     
0.21
 
Money market
   
178,235
     
174,027
     
132,906
     
338
     
521
     
572
     
0.19
     
0.30
     
0.43
 
Savings
   
84,162
     
78,358
     
68,038
     
71
     
111
     
98
     
0.08
     
0.14
     
0.14
 
 Time
   
405,213
     
443,549
     
382,008
     
4,940
     
6,021
     
6,243
     
1.22
     
1.36
     
1.63
 
Total deposits
   
829,212
     
838,230
     
720,163
     
5,460
     
6,843
     
7,203
     
0.66
     
0.82
     
1.00
 
 
                                                                       
Customer repurchase
                                                                       
agreements
   
47,816
     
46,939
     
46,411
     
40
     
148
     
325
     
0.08
     
0.32
     
0.70
 
Other short-term borrowings
   
1
     
496
     
66
     
-
     
2
     
-
     
0.40
     
0.42
     
0.45
 
Long-term borrowings
   
37,437
     
37,415
     
30,991
     
1,083
     
1,148
     
1,252
     
2.89
     
3.07
     
4.04
 
Total interest bearing
                                                                       
   liabilities
   
914,466
     
923,080
     
797,631
     
6,583
     
8,141
     
8,780
     
0.72
     
0.88
     
1.10
 
 
                                                                       
Noninterest bearing
                                                                       
demand deposits
   
220,980
     
213,129
     
143,204
                                                 
Other liabilities
   
6,370
     
8,025
     
5,939
                                                 
Shareholders' equity
   
165,338
     
158,847
     
130,320
                                                 
Total liabilities and
                                                                       
   shareholders' equity
 
$
1,307,154
   
$
1,303,081
   
$
1,077,094
                                                 
 
                                                                       
Interest rate spread
                                                   
3.93
%
   
4.26
%
   
4.15
%
Net interest margin
                                                   
4.10
%
   
4.44
%
   
4.35
%
 
                                                                       
Net interest income (taxable equivalent basis)
                     
48,632
     
51,989
     
42,412
                         
Less: Taxable equivalent adjustment
                     
2,259
     
2,324
     
2,005
                         
Net interest income
                         
$
46,373
   
$
49,665
   
$
40,407
                         


29

        The following table presents the dollar amount of changes in interest income and interest expense, and distinguishes between changes resulting from fluctuations in average balances of interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities (volume),and changes resulting from fluctuations in average interest rates on such assets and liabilities (rate).  Changes attributable to both volume and rate have been allocated proportionately.

Changes in Net Interest Income (Rate / Volume Analysis)
(in thousands)

 
 
2013 vs. 2012
   
2012 vs. 2011
 
 
 
   
Change
   
   
Change
 
    
 
Increase
   
Attributable to
   
Increase
   
Attributable to
 
Interest income
 
(Decrease)
   
Rate
   
Volume
   
(Decrease)
   
Rate
   
Volume
 
Loans:
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
Commercial
 
$
(560
)
 
$
(420
)
 
$
(140
)
 
$
1,695
   
$
671
   
$
1,024
 
Real estate
   
(3,663
)
   
(2,801
)
   
(862
)
   
6,790
     
(528
)
   
7,318
 
Consumer
   
(202
)
   
(28
)
   
(174
)
   
30
     
(16
)
   
46
 
Total loans
   
(4,425
)
   
(3,249
)
   
(1,176
)
   
8,515
     
127
     
8,388
 
Securities:
                                               
Federal agencies and GSEs
   
(13
)
   
(242
)
   
229
     
(401
)
   
(396
)
   
(5
)
Mortgage-backed and CMOs
   
(464
)
   
(89
)
   
(375
)
   
(242
)
   
(692
)
   
450
 
State and municipal
   
(79
)
   
(507
)
   
428
     
957
     
(417
)
   
1,374
 
Other securities
   
(5
)
   
(114
)
   
109
     
156
     
(17
)
   
173
 
Total securities
   
(561
)
   
(952
)
   
391
     
470
     
(1,522
)
   
1,992
 
Deposits in other banks
   
71
     
11
     
60
     
(47
)
   
(58
)
   
11
 
Total interest income
   
(4,915
)
   
(4,190
)
   
(725
)
   
8,938
     
(1,453
)
   
10,391
 
 
                                               
Interest expense
                                               
Deposits:
                                               
Demand
   
(79
)
   
(102
)
   
23
     
(100
)
   
(110
)
   
10
 
Money market
   
(183
)
   
(195
)
   
12
     
(51
)
   
(201
)
   
150
 
Savings
   
(40
)
   
(48
)
   
8
     
13
     
(2
)
   
15
 
  Time
   
(1,081
)
   
(585
)
   
(496
)
   
(222
)
   
(1,145
)
   
923
 
Total deposits
   
(1,383
)
   
(930
)
   
(453
)
   
(360
)
   
(1,458
)
   
1,098
 
Customer repurchase
                                               
agreements
   
(108
)
   
(111
)
   
3
     
(177
)
   
(181
)
   
4
 
Other borrowings
   
(67
)
   
(53
)
   
(14
)
   
(102
)
   
(346
)
   
244
 
Total interest expense
   
(1,558
)
   
(1,094
)
   
(464
)
   
(639
)
   
(1,985
)
   
1,346
 
Net interest income
 
$
(3,357
)
 
$
(3,096
)
 
$
(261
)
 
$
9,577
   
$
532
   
$
9,045
 

Noninterest Income

Noninterest income is generated from a variety of sources, including fee-based deposit services, trust and investment services, mortgage banking, and retail brokerage.  Noninterest income also includes net gains or losses on sales, calls, or impairment of investment securities.
 
2013 compared to 2012

Noninterest income was $10,827,000 in 2013 compared to $11,410,000 in 2012, a decrease of $583,000 or 5.1%.

Fees from the management of trusts, estates, and asset management accounts were $3,689,000 in 2013 compared to $3,703,000 in 2012, a $14,000 or 0.4% decrease. This decrease was primarily the result of a $330,000 refund, paid in the first quarter of 2013, related to an error in a trust agreement going back two decades. This error was detected during a review and has been resolved and recorded as a reduction in trust income. The facts and circumstances of this trust relationship are unique. A substantial portion of trust fees are earned based on account market values, so changes in the equity markets may have a large impact on income.

Service charges on deposit accounts were $1,750,000 in 2013 compared to $1,757,000 in 2012, a $7,000 or 0.4% decrease.

30

Other fees and commissions were $1,864,000 in 2013 compared to $1,768,000 in 2012, a $96,000 or 5.4% increase, due primarily to increases in VISA check card income.

Mortgage banking income was $2,008,000 in 2013 compared to $2,234,000 in 2012, a $226,000 or 10.1% decrease.  Recent increases in mortgage interest rates have slowed demand on mortgage loan refinancing and have, accordingly, reduced volume and income. Secondary market mortgage loan volume for the year was $79,000,000 compared to over $100,000,000 the prior year.


Securities gains were $192,000 in 2013 compared to $158,000 in 2012.

Other noninterest income was $1,324,000 in 2013 compared to $1,790,000 in 2012, a $466,000 or 26.0% decrease.  This decrease was primarily due a gain of $495,000 realized in 2012 from the sale of the Riverside branch office property that had been closed since 2009.
 
2012 compared to 2011

Noninterest income was $11,410,000 in 2012 compared to $9,244,000 in 2011, an increase of $2,166,000 or 23.4%.

Fees from the management of trusts, estates, and asset management accounts were $3,703,000 in 2012 compared to $3,561,000 in 2011, a $142,000 or 4.0% increase.  A substantial portion of trust fees are earned based on account market values, so changes in the equity markets may have a large and potentially volatile impact on revenue.

Service charges on deposit accounts were $1,757,000 in 2012 compared to $1,963,000 in 2011, a $206,000 or 10.5% decrease. The almost contemporaneous nature of the MidCaolina merger, in July 2011, and the management information system conversion, in February 2012, resulted in some operational decisions that had a short term negative impact on service charge income.

Other fees and commissions were $1,768,000 in 2012 compared to $1,510,000 in 2011, a $258,000 or 17.1% increase, due primarily to increases in VISA check card income.

Mortgage banking income was $2,234,000 in 2012 compared to $1,262,000 in 2011, a $972,000 or 77.0% increase.  Historically low mortgage interest rates in 2012 impacted the demand for refinanced mortgages from credit qualified borrowers. Volume during the year exceeded $100,000,000.

Securities gains were $158,000 in 2012 compared to a loss of $1,000 in 2011.

Other noninterest income was $1,790,000 in 2012 compared to $949,000 in 2011, an $841,000 or 88.6% increase.  This increase was primarily due to the sale of the Riverside branch office property that closed in 2009. This transaction generated a net gain on sale of $495,000 for 2012. In addition, brokerage income was up $157,000 in 2012 over 2011.
 
Noninterest Expense

2013 compared to 2012

Noninterest expense was $35,105,000 in 2013 compared to $36,643,000 in 2012, a decrease of $1,538,000 or 4.2%.

Salaries were $14,059,000 in 2013 compared to $15,785,000 in 2012, a decrease of $1,726,000 or 10.9%. Employee benefits were $3,848,000 in 2013 compared to $3,604,000 in 2012, an increase of $244,000 or 6.8%.  Total full time equivalent employees were 290 at the end of 2013 compared to 307 at the end of 2012.

Occupancy and equipment expense were $3,614,000 for 2013 compared to $3,951,000 for 2012, a decrease of $337,000 or 8.5%.

FDIC insurance assessment was $647,000 in 2013 compared to $692,000 in 2012, a decrease of $45,000 or 6.5%.

Bank franchise tax was $745,000 in 2013 compared to $690,000 in 2012, an increase of $55,000 or 8.0%.

31

Core deposit intangible amortization was $1,501,000 in 2013 compared to $1,935,000 in 2012, a decrease of $434,000 or 22.4%.

Data processing expense was $1,248,000 in 2013 compared to $512,000 in 2012, an increase of $736,000. The Company converted its management information systems from an in-house system to an outsourced processing system in the first quarter 2012.  The first year monthly processing costs were heavily discounted.

Software expense was $923,000 in 2013 compared to $1,028,000 in 2012, a decrease of $105,000 or 10.2%.

Foreclosed real estate, or what the Company refers to as Other Real Estate Owned, ("OREO") expense includes gains and losses on sale of foreclosed properties, adjustments related re-appraisals of foreclosed properties and operating expenses related to maintaining foreclosed properties. Total OREO related expense for 2013 and 2012 are shown in the following table:

 
 
2013
   
2012
 
 
 
   
 
(Gain) on sale of OREO
 
$
(85
)
 
$
(388
)
OREO valuation adjustments
   
1,070
     
502
 
OREO related expense
   
538
     
414
 
 
 
$
1,523
   
$
528
 

Merger related expenses associated with the acquisition of MidCarolina were zero in 2013 compared to $19,000 in 2012.

Other noninterest expense was $6,997,000 in 2013 compared to $7,899,000 in 2012, a decrease of $902,000 or 11.4%.  Expenses in 2012 were negatively impacted by the combination of the MidCarolina merger in mid-2011 and the management information system conversion in early 2012.
 
2012 compared to 2011

Noninterest expense was $36,643,000 in 2012 compared to $30,000,000 in 2011, an increase of $6,643,000 or 22.1%.

Salaries were $15,785,000 in 2012 compared to $12,409,000 in 2011, an increase of $3,376,000 or 27.2%. Employee benefits were $3,604,000 in 2012 compared to $2,681,000 in 2011, an increase of $923,000 or 34.4%.  The biggest driver in these increases was the MidCarolina merger, which impacted 2012 for a full year and 2011 for the second half of the year. Total full time equivalent employees were 242 at the end of 2010, 315 at the end of 2011, and 307 at the end of 2012.

Occupancy and equipment expense were $3,951,000 for 2012 compared to $3,199,000 for 2011, an increase of $752,000 or 23.5%. The MidCarolina merger resulted in an additional $376,000 in depreciation expense and an additional $106,000 in lease expense.

FDIC insurance assessment was $692,000 in 2012 compared to $651,000 in 2011, an increase of $41,000 or 6.3%.

Bank franchise tax was $690,000 in 2012 compared to $763,000 in 2011, a decrease of $73,000 or 9.6%.The decrease was related to a larger portion of the Bank's assets being in a lower franchise tax jurisdiction.

Core deposit intangible amortization was $1,935,000 in 2012 compared to $1,282,000 in 2011, an increase of $653,000 or 50.9%.

Data processing expense was $512,000 in 2012. The Company converted its management information systems from an in-house system to an outsourced processing system in the first quarter 2012.

Software expense was $1,028,000 in 2012 compared to $855,000 in 2011, an increase of $173,000 or 20.2%.  This increase was primarily due to upgrades to our data processing infrastructure.

32

Total OREO related expense for the past 2012 and 2011 is shown in the following table:

 
 
2012
   
2011
 
 
 
   
 
(Gain) on sale of OREO
 
$
(388
)
 
$
(574
)
OREO valuation adjustments
   
502
     
453
 
OREO related expense
   
414
     
417
 
 
 
$
528
   
$
296
 
 
               
 
      During 2012 and 2011, several major acquired impaired loans were transferred to OREO and subsequently sold. These relationships involved a significant amount of related legal and other expense during the complex and lengthy credit remediation and resolution process.

Merger related expenses associated with the acquisition of MidCarolina totaled $19,000 in 2012 compared to $1,607,000 in 2011, a decrease of $1,588,000 as virtually all merger related expenses were incurred in 2011.

Other noninterest expense was $7,899,000 in 2012 compared to $6,257,000 in 2011, an increase of $1,642,000 or 11.4%.  The MidCarolina merger resulted in an overall increase in operating expenses. The largest drivers during 2012 included advertising, increased $205,000; consultant fees, increased $269,000; legal expenses, increased $226,000; loan related expenses, increased $405,000.  The increase in consultant fees was mostly related to management of the investment portfolio. The increase in legal expense was almost entirely related to the resolution of a number of problem credits.

Income Taxes

Income taxes on 2013 earnings amounted to $6,054,000, resulting in an effective tax rate of 27.8%, compared to 28.2% in 2012 and 29.8% in 2011.  The major difference between the statutory rate and the effective rate results from income that is not taxable for federal income tax purposes.  The primary non-taxable income is that of state and municipal securities and industrial revenue bonds or loans.

33


Fair Value Impact to Net Income

The July 2011 merger with MidCarolina has had a material and positive impact on earnings. The following tables present the actual effect of the accretable and amortizable fair value adjustments attributable to the merger on net interest income and pretax income for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012.


 
 
 
   
December 31, 2013
   
(in thousands)
Income Statement Effect
 
Premium/ (Discount) Balance on December 31, 2012
   
For the year ended
   
Remaining Premium/ (Discount) Balance
   
 
 
 
   
   
   
Interest income/(expense):
 
 
   
   
   
Loans
Income
 
$
(9,631
)
 
$
4,601
   
$
(5,010
)
 (1)
Accretable portion of acquired impaired loans
Income
   
(2,165
)
   
2,635
     
(2,046
)
 (2)
Time deposits - brokered
Income
   
(278
)
   
278
     
-
   
FHLB advances
Expense
   
109
     
(22
)
   
87
   
Trust preferred securities
Expense
   
2,066
     
(102
)
   
1,964
   
Net Interest Income
 
           
7,390
           
 
 
                         
Non-interest (expense)
 
                         
Amortization of core deposit intangible
Expense
 
$
4,094
     
(1,125
)
 
$
2,969
   
Net non-interest expense
 
           
(1,125
)
         
 
 
                         
Change in pretax income
 
         
$
6,265
           
 
 
                         
(1) - Remaining discount balance includes $9,000 of mark moved to OREO and $11,000 of charge-offs against the mark.
(2) - Remaining discount balance includes $2,516,000 in reclassifications from the non-accretable difference.
34



 
 
 
   
December 31, 2012
 
(in thousands)
Income Statement Effect
 
Premium/ (Discount) Balance on December 31, 2011
   
For the Year ended
   
Remaining Premium/ (Discount) Balance
 
 
 
 
   
   
 
Interest income/(expense):
 
 
   
   
 
Loans
Income
 
$
(15,908
)
 
$
6,098
   
$
(9,631
)
 (1)
Accretable portion of acquired impaired loans
Income
   
(1,056
)
   
2,616
     
(2,165
)
 (2)
Time deposits
Income
   
(110
)
   
110
     
-
   
Time deposits - brokered
Income
   
(694
)
   
416
     
(278
)
 
FHLB advances
Expense
   
131
     
(22
)
   
109
   
Trust preferred securities
Expense
   
2,171
     
(105
)
   
2,066
   
Net Interest Income
 
           
9,113
           
 
 
                         
Non-interest (expense)
 
                         
Amortization of core deposit intangible
Expense
 
$
5,652
     
(1,558
)
 
$
4,094
   
Net non-interest expense
 
           
(1,558
)
         
 
 
                         
Change in pretax income
 
         
$
7,555
           
 
 
                         
(1) - Remaining discount balance includes $179,000 in charge-offs against the mark.
           
(2) - Remaining discount balance includes $3,725,000 in reclassifications from the non-accretable difference.


Impact of Inflation and Changing Prices

The majority of assets and liabilities of a financial institution are monetary in nature and therefore differ greatly from most commercial and industrial companies that have significant investments in fixed assets or inventories.  The most significant effect of inflation is on noninterest expenses that tend to rise during periods of inflation.  Changes in interest rates have a greater impact on a financial institution's profitability than do the effects of higher costs for goods and services.  Through its balance sheet management practices, the Company has the ability to react to those changes and measure and monitor its interest rate and liquidity risk.

Market Risk Management

Effectively managing market risk is essential to achieving the Company's financial objectives.  Market risk reflects the risk of economic loss resulting from changes in interest rates and market prices.  The Company is generally not subject to currency exchange risk or commodity price risk.  The Company's primary market risk exposure is interest rate risk; however, market risk also includes liquidity risk.  Both are discussed in the following sections.

Interest Rate Risk Management
Interest rate risk and its impact on net interest income is a primary market risk exposure.  The Company manages its exposure to fluctuations in interest rates through policies approved by its Asset Liability Committee ("ALCO") and Board of Directors, both of which receive and review periodic reports of the Company's interest rate risk position.
The Company uses computer simulation analysis to measure the sensitivity of projected earnings to changes in interest rates.  Simulation takes into account current balance sheet volumes and the scheduled repricing dates, instrument level optionality, and maturities of assets and liabilities.  It incorporates numerous assumptions including growth, changes in the mix of assets and liabilities, prepayments, and average rates earned and paid.  Based on this information, management uses the model to project net interest income under multiple interest rate scenarios.

35

A balance sheet is considered asset sensitive when its earning assets (loans and securities) reprice faster or to a greater extent than its liabilities (deposits and borrowings).  An asset sensitive balance sheet will produce relatively more net interest income when interest rates rise and less net interest income when they decline.  Based on the Company's simulation analysis, management believes the Company's interest sensitivity position at December 31, 2013 is asset sensitive.  Management has no expectation that market interest rates will materially decline in the near term, given the prevailing economy and apparent FRB policy.


Earnings Simulation

The table below shows the estimated impact of changes in interest rates on net interest income as of December 31, 2013, assuming gradual and parallel changes in interest rates, and consistent levels of assets and liabilities.  Net interest income for the following twelve months is projected to increase when interest rates are higher than current rates.  Due to the current low interest rate environment, no measurement was considered necessary for a further decline in interest rates.

Estimated Changes in Net Interest Income
(dollars in thousands)

 
 
December 31, 2013
 
 
 
Change in net interest Income
 
 
 
   
 
Change in interest rates
 
Amount
   
Percent
 
 
 
   
 
Up  4.0%
 
$
6,737
     
15.7
%
Up  3.0%
   
5,059
     
11.8
 
Up  2.0%
   
3,303
     
7.7
 
Up  1.0%
   
1,505
     
3.5
 

Management cannot predict future interest rates or their exact effect on net interest income.  Computations of future effects of hypothetical interest rate changes are based on numerous assumptions and should not be relied upon as indicative of actual results.  Certain limitations are inherent in such computations.  Assets and liabilities may react differently than projected to changes in market interest rates.   The interest rates on certain types of assets and liabilities may fluctuate in advance of changes in market interest rates, while rates on other types of assets and liabilities may lag changes in market interest rates.  Interest rate shifts may not be parallel.

Changes in interest rates can cause substantial changes in the amount of prepayments of loans and mortgage-backed securities, which may in turn affect the Company's interest rate sensitivity position.  Additionally, credit risk may rise if an interest rate increase adversely affects the ability of borrowers to service their debt.
Economic Value Simulation
Economic value simulation is used to calculate the estimated fair value of assets and liabilities over different interest rate environments. Economic values are calculated based on discounted cash flow analysis. The net economic value of equity is the economic value of all assets minus the economic value of all liabilities. The change in net economic value over different rate environments is an indication of the longer-term earnings capability of the balance sheet. The same assumptions are used in the economic value simulation as in the earnings simulation. The economic value simulation uses instantaneous rate shocks to the balance sheet.
36


The following chart reflects the estimated change in net economic value over different rate environments using economic value simulation for the balances at the period ended December 31, 2013 (dollars in thousands):

Estimated Changes in Economic Value of Equity
(dollars in thousands)

 
 
December 31, 2013
 
 
 
   
   
 
Change in interest rates
 
Amount
   
$ Change
   
% Change
 
 
 
   
   
 
Up 4%
 
$
223,454
   
$
20,711
     
10.2
%
Up 3%
   
220,073
     
17,330
     
8.5
%
Up 2%
   
215,343
     
12,600
     
6.2
%
Up 1%
   
208,963
     
6,220
     
3.1
%
Flat
   
202,743
     
-
     
-
 

     Due to the current low interest rate environment, no measurement was considered necessary for a further decline in interest rates.


Liquidity Risk Management

Liquidity is the ability of the Company to convert assets into cash or cash equivalents without significant loss and to raise additional funds by increasing liabilities in a timely manner.  Liquidity management involves maintaining the Company's ability to meet the daily cash flow requirements of its customers, whether they are borrowers requiring funds or depositors desiring to withdraw funds.  Additionally, the Company requires cash for various operating needs including dividends to shareholders, the servicing of debt, and the payment of general corporate expenses.  The Company manages its exposure to fluctuations in interest rates through policies approved by the ALCO and Board of Directors, both of which receive periodic reports of the Company's interest rate risk and liquidity position.  The Company uses a computer simulation model to assist in the management of the future liquidity needs of the Company. 

Liquidity sources include on balance sheet and off balance sheet sources.

Balance sheet liquidity sources include cash, amounts due from banks, loan repayments, and increases in deposits. The Company also maintains a large, high quality, very liquid bond portfolio, which is generally 50% to 60% unpledged and would, accordingly, be available for sale if necessary.     

Off balance sheet sources include lines of credit from the Federal Home Loan Bank of Atlanta ("FHLB"), federal funds lines of credit, and access to the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond's discount window

Management believes that these sources provide sufficient and timely liquidity, both on and off balance sheet. 

The Company has a line of credit with the FHLB, equal to 30% of the Company's assets, subject to the amount of collateral pledged.  Under the terms of its collateral agreement with the FHLB, the Company provides a blanket lien covering all of its residential first mortgage loans, home equity lines of credit, commercial real estate loans and commercial construction loans.  In addition, the Company pledges as collateral its capital stock in and deposits with the FHLB.  At December 31, 2013, principal advance obligations to the FHLB consisted of $9,951,000 in fixed-rate, long-term advances compared to $10,079,000 in long-term advances at December 31, 2012.  The Company also had outstanding $72,700,000 in letters of credit at December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The letters of credit provide the Bank with additional collateral for securing public entity deposits above FDIC insurance levels, thereby providing less need for collateral pledging from the securities portfolio and thereby increasing on balance sheet liquidity.

Short term borrowing is discussed in note 10 and long-term borrowing is discussed in note 11 of the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in Item 8 of this Form 10-K.

The Company has federal funds lines of credit established with two correspondent banks in the amounts of $15,000,000 and $10,000,000, and, additionally, has access to the Federal Reserve Bank's discount window.  There were no amounts outstanding under these facilities at December 31, 2013.

37

As a result of the merger with MidCarolina, the Company acquired a relationship with Promontory Network, the sponsoring entity for the Certificate of Deposit Account Registry Service® ("CDARS"). Through CDARS, the Company is able to provide deposit customers with access to aggregate FDIC insurance in amounts far exceeding $250,000.  This gives the Company the ability, as and when needed, to attract and retain large deposits from insurance and other safety conscious customers.  CDARS are classified as brokered deposits, however they are generally derived from customers with whom our institution has or wishes to have a direct and ongoing relationship.  As a result, management considers these deposits functionally, though not technically, in the same category as core deposits. With CDARS, the Company has the option to keep deposits on balance sheet or sell them to other members of the network.   Additionally, subject to certain limits, the Bank can use CDARS purchase cost-effective funding without collateralization and in lieu of generating funds through traditional brokered CDs or the FHLB.  In this manner, CDARS can provide the Company with another funding option. Thus, CDARS serves as a deposit-gathering tool and an additional liquidity management tool.  Deposits through the CDARS program as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 was $22,375,000 and $22,150,000, respectively.

 At the end of 2012, the FDIC's Transaction Account Guarantee program ('TAG") expired. TAG provided unlimited deposit insurance on noninterest bearing transaction accounts. In anticipation of this change, the Bank decided to participate in a new product which provides the Bank will the capability of providing additional deposit insurance to customers in the context of a money market account arrangement. The product is very analogous to the CDARs product discussed above. Based on experience during 2013, management has determined that the expiration of TAG has been a low profile event with very little impact on the Company's liquidity.
 
BALANCE SHEET ANALYSIS

Securities

The securities portfolio generates income, plays a strategic role in the management of interest rate sensitivity, provides a source of liquidity, and is used to meet collateral requirements.  The securities portfolio consists primarily of high quality investments.  Federal agency, mortgage-backed, and state and municipal securities comprise the majority of the portfolio.

The economic challenges on a local, regional and national level, from the recent financial crisis resulted in a significant slowdown in business activity throughout 2012, which has continued throughout much of 2013. By late 2013, economic indications were that a modest recovery was underway. The Company is cognizant of the continuing historically low interest rate environment and has elected to maintain a defensive asset liability strategy of purchasing high quality taxable securities of relatively short duration and somewhat longer term tax exempt securities, whose market values are not as volatile in rising rate environments as similar termed taxable investments.
38


The following table presents information on the amortized cost, maturities, and taxable equivalent yields of securities at the end of the last three years.


(in thousands, except yields)

   
 
December 31,
 
 
 
2013
   
2012
   
2011
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
 
 
   
Taxable
   
   
Taxable
   
   
Taxable
 
   
 
Amortized
   
Equivalent
   
Amortized
   
Equivalent
   
Amortized
   
Equivalent
 
 
 
Cost
   
Yield
   
Cost
   
Yield
   
Cost
   
Yield
 
Federal Agencies:
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
Within 1 year
 
$
1,000
     
3.17
%
 
$
1,000
     
2.70
%
 
$
2,597
     
3.30
%
1 to 5 years
   
58,203
     
0.98
     
38,929
     
1.03
     
20,048
     
1.84
 
5 to 10 years
   
7,038
     
0.88
     
2,529
     
0.93
     
9,426
     
2.64
 
Total
   
66,241
     
1.00
     
42,458
     
1.07
     
32,071
     
2.20
 
 
                                               
Mortgage-backed:
                                               
Within 1 year
   
96
     
2.72
     
1
     
4.89
     
-
     
-
 
1 to 5 years
   
2,371
     
4.67
     
3,049
     
4.51
     
1,886
     
3.66
 
5 to 10 years
   
22,285
     
2.43
     
25,220
     
2.05
     
34,930
     
2.50
 
Over 10 years
   
44,416
     
2.45
     
53,315
     
2.24
     
65,628
     
2.46
 
Total
   
69,168
     
2.52
     
81,585
     
2.27
     
102,444
     
2.49
 
 
                                               
State and Municipal:
                                               
Within 1 year
   
6,737
     
1.82
     
5,889
     
2.81
     
5,218
     
4.86
 
1 to 5 years
   
73,986
     
2.72
     
50,803
     
2.72
     
42,345
     
3.30
 
5 to 10 years
   
89,077
     
4.27
     
94,254
     
4.10
     
81,267
     
4.23
 
Over 10 years
   
23,451
     
4.92
     
38,864
     
4.88
     
54,122