10-K 1 dec312012_10k.htm 12-31-12 10-K dec312012_10k.htm




UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2012

Commission file number 0-12820

AMERICAN NATIONAL BANKSHARES INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Virginia
 
54-1284688
(State of incorporation)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
628 Main Street, Danville, VA
 
24541
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
434-792-5111
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class
 
Name of Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $1 par value
 
NASDAQ Global Select Market
     
Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act:  None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes o   No  þ

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes  o   No  þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes  þ  No  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ   No  o

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. £

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):
   Large accelerated filer  o                                                      Accelerated filer  þ                                                      Non-accelerated filer  o  Smaller reporting company  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act.) Yes o Noþ
The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant at June 30, 2012, based on the closing price, was $174,497,046.

The number of shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding on March 11, 2013 was 7,862,701.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Proxy Statement of the Registrant for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 21, 2013, are incorporated by reference in Part III of this report.

 
 



     
 
PAGE
Business
Risk Factors
ITEM 1B
Unresolved Staff Comments
None
Properties
Legal Proceedings
Mine Safety Disclosures
 
   
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
                21
Selected Financial Data
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2012 and 2011
 
Consolidated Statements of Income for each of the years in the three-year period
    ended December 31, 2012
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for each of the years in the
    three-year period ended December 31, 2012
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity for each of the
    years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2012
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for each of the years in the
    three-year period ended December 31, 2012
 
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
ITEM 9
Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
None
Controls and Procedures
 
Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
ITEM 9B
Other Information
None
 
PART III
   
ITEM 10
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
*
ITEM 11
Executive Compensation
*
ITEM 12
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related
    Stockholder Matters
 
*
ITEM 13
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
*
ITEM 14
Principal Accountant Fees and Services
*
 
   
Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
_______________________________

*Certain information required by Item 10 is incorporated herein by reference to the information that appears under the headings “Election of Directors,” “Election of Directors – Board Members Serving on Other Publicly Traded Company Boards of Directors,” “Election of Directors – Board of Directors and Committees - The Audit and Compliance Committee,” “Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance,” “Report of the Audit and Compliance Committee,” and “Code of Conduct” in the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for the 2013 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.  The information required by Item 401 of Regulation S-K on executive officers is disclosed herein.

The information required by Item 11 is incorporated herein by reference to the information that appears under the headings “Compensation Discussion and Analysis,” “Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation,” and “Compensation Committee Report” in the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for the 2013 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.
 
The information required by Item 12 is incorporated herein by reference to the information that appears under the heading “Security Ownership” in the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for the 2013 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.  The information required by Item 201(d) of Regulation S-K is disclosed herein.  See Item 5, “Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.”
 
 
2

 
        The information required by Item 13 is incorporated herein by reference to the information that appears under the headings “Related Party Transactions” and “Election of Directors – Board Independence” in the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for the 2013 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.

The information required by Item 14 is incorporated herein by reference to the information that appears under the heading “Independent Public Accountants” in the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for the 2013 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.


Forward-Looking Statements

This report contains forward-looking statements with respect to the financial condition, results of operations and business of American National Bankshares Inc. (the “Company’) and its wholly owned subsidiary, American National Bank and Trust Company (the “Bank”).  These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties and are based on the beliefs and assumptions of management of the Company and on information available to management at the time these statements and disclosures were prepared.  Forward-looking statements are subject to numerous assumptions, estimates, risks, and uncertainties that could cause actual conditions, events, or results to differ materially from those stated or implied by such forward-looking statements.
 
A variety of factors, some of which are discussed in more detail in Item 1A – Risk Factors, may affect the operations, performance, business strategy, and results of the Company.  Those factors include but are not limited to the following:
 
·  
Financial market volatility including the level of interest rates could affect the values of financial instruments and the amount of net interest income earned;
·  
General economic or business conditions, either nationally or in the market areas in which the Company does business, may be less favorable than expected, resulting in deteriorating credit quality, reduced demand for credit, or a weakened ability to generate deposits;
·  
Competition among financial institutions may increase and competitors may have greater financial resources and develop products and technology that enable those competitors to compete more successfully than the Company;
·  
Businesses that the Company is engaged in may be adversely affected by legislative or regulatory changes, including changes in accounting standards;
·  
The ability to retain key personnel;
·  
The failure of assumptions underlying the allowance for loan losses; and
·  
Risks associated with mergers and other acquisitions and other expansion activities.



American National Bankshares Inc. is a one-bank holding company organized under the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia in 1984.  On September 1, 1984, the Company acquired all of the outstanding capital stock of American National Bank and Trust Company, a national banking association chartered in 1909 under the laws of the United States.  American National Bank and Trust Company is the only banking subsidiary of the Company.  In April 2006, AMNB Statutory Trust I, a Delaware statutory trust (the “AMNB Trust”) and a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company Inc., was formed for the purpose of issuing preferred securities (the “Trust Preferred Securities”) in a private placement pursuant to an applicable exemption from registration.  Proceeds from the securities were used to fund the acquisition of Community First Financial Corporation (“Community First”).   In April 2006, the Company finalized the acquisition of Community First and acquired 100% of its preferred and common stock through a merger transaction.  Community First was a bank holding company headquartered in Lynchburg, Virginia, and through its subsidiary, Community First Bank, operated four banking offices serving the city of Lynchburg and Bedford, Nelson, and Amherst Counties.

On July 1, 2011, the Company completed its merger with MidCarolina Financial Corporation (“MidCarolina”) pursuant to the Agreement and Plan of Reorganization, dated December 15, 2010, between the Company and MidCarolina (the “merger agreement”).  MidCarolina was headquartered in Burlington, North Carolina, and engaged in banking operations through its subsidiary bank, MidCarolina Bank.  The transaction has expanded the Company’s footprint in North Carolina, adding eight branches in Alamance and Guilford Counties.

 

 
      The operations of the Company are conducted at twenty-five banking offices and two loan production offices in Roanoke, Virginia and Raleigh, North Carolina.  American National Bank provides a full array of financial products and services, including commercial, mortgage, and consumer banking; trust and investment services; and insurance.  Services are also provided through thirty-one ATMs, “AmeriLink” Internet banking, and 24-hour “Access American” telephone banking.

Competition and Markets

      Vigorous competition exists in the Company’s service areas.  The Company competes not only with national, regional, and community banks, but also with other types of financial institutions including  savings banks, finance companies, mutual and money market fund providers, brokerage firms, insurance companies, credit unions, and mortgage companies. 

      The Company has the second largest deposit market share in the City of Danville and Pittsylvania County, combined.  The Company had a deposit market share in the Danville Metropolitan Statistical Area (“MSA”) of 28.6% at June 30, 2012, based on Federal Deposit Insurance (“FDIC”) data.

     The Southern Virginia market, in which the Company has a significant presence, continues to experience slow economic growth, like much of the country. The region’s economic base continues to be weighted toward the manufacturing sector.  Although the region was negatively impacted by the elimination of many textile plant closings over several decades, the area has experienced some new manufacturing plant openings as well as job growth in the technology area. Other important industries include farming, tobacco processing and sales, food processing, furniture manufacturing and sales, specialty glass manufacturing, and packaging tape production.   
     
      The Company’s new market areas are Alamance County and Guilford County, North Carolina, where there is strong competition in attracting deposits and making loans. Its most direct competition for deposits comes from commercial banks, savings institutions and credit unions located in the market area, including large financial institutions that have greater financial and marketing resources available to them.  The Company had a deposit market in the Alamance County of 15.2% at June 30, 2012, based on FDIC data. The Company had a deposit market in Guilford County of 0.8% at June 30, 2012, based on FDIC data.


Supervision and Regulation

The Company and the Bank are extensively regulated under federal and state law.  The following information describes certain aspects of that regulation applicable to the Company and the Bank and does not purport to be complete.  Proposals to change the laws and regulations governing the banking industry are frequently raised in U.S. Congress, in state legislatures, and before the various bank regulatory agencies.  The likelihood and timing of any changes and the impact such changes might have on the Company and the Bank are impossible to determine with any certainty.  A change in applicable laws or regulations, or a change in the way such laws or regulations are interpreted by regulatory agencies or courts, may have a material impact on the business, operations, and earnings of the Company and the Bank.

American National Bankshares Inc.

American National Bankshares Inc. is qualified as a bank holding company (“BHC”) within the meaning of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended (the “BHC Act”), and is registered as such with the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “FRB”).  As a bank holding company, American National Bankshares Inc. is subject to supervision, regulation and examination by the FRB and is required to file various reports and additional information with the FRB.  American National Bankshares Inc. is also registered under the bank holding company laws of Virginia and is subject to supervision, regulation and examination by the Virginia State Corporation Commission (the “SCC”).

Under the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, a BHC may elect to become a financial holding company and thereby engage in a broader range of financial and other activities than are permissible for traditional BHC’s.  In order to qualify for the election, all of the depository institution subsidiaries of the BHC must be well capitalized, well managed, and have achieved a rating of “satisfactory” or better under the Community Reinvestment Act (the “CRA”).  Financial holding companies are permitted to engage in activities that are “financial in nature” or incidental or complementary thereto as determined by the FRB.  The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act identifies several activities as “financial in nature,” including insurance underwriting and sales, investment advisory services, merchant banking and underwriting, and dealing or making a market in securities.  American National Bankshares Inc. has not elected to become a financial holding company, and has no plans to become a financial holding company.
 
 
4


American National Bank and Trust Company

American National Bank and Trust Company is a federally chartered national bank and is a member of the Federal Reserve System.  It is subject to federal regulation by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (the “OCC”), the FRB, and the FDIC.

Depository institutions, including the Bank, are subject to extensive federal and state regulations that significantly affect their business and activities.  Regulatory bodies have broad authority to implement standards and initiate proceedings designed to prohibit deposit institutions from engaging in unsafe and unsound banking practices.  The standards relate generally to operations and management, asset quality, interest rate exposure, and capital.  The agencies are authorized to take action against institutions that fail to meet such standards.

As with other financial institutions, the earnings of the Bank are affected by general economic conditions and by the monetary policies of the FRB.  The FRB exerts a substantial influence on interest rates and credit conditions, primarily through open market operations in U.S. Government securities, setting the reserve requirements of member banks, and establishing the discount rate on member bank borrowings.  The policies of the FRB have a direct impact on loan and deposit growth and the interest rates charged and paid thereon.  They also impact the source and cost of funds and the rates of return on investments.  Changes in the FRB’s monetary policies have had a significant impact on the operating results of the Bank and other financial institutions and are expected to continue to do so in the future; however, the exact impact of such conditions and policies upon the future business and earnings cannot accurately be predicted.

Regulatory Reform – The Dodd-Frank Act

On July 21, 2010, President Obama signed into law the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”). The Dodd-Frank Act significantly restructures the financial regulatory regime in the United States and has a broad impact on the financial services industry as a result of the significant regulatory and compliance changes required under the act. While some rulemaking under the Dodd-Frank Act has occurred, many of the act’s provisions require study or rulemaking by federal agencies, a process which will take years to fully implement.
 A summary of certain provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act is set forth below:

Increased Capital Standards.  The federal banking agencies are required to establish minimum leverage and risk-based capital requirements for banks and bank holding companies. Among other things, the Dodd-Frank Act provides for new capital standards that eliminate the treatment of trust preferred securities as Tier 1 capital. Existing trust preferred securities are grandfathered for banking entities with less than $15 billion of assets, such as the Company.

Deposit Insurance.  The Dodd-Frank Act makes permanent the $250,000 deposit insurance limit for insured deposits. Amendments to the Federal Deposit Insurance Act also revise the assessment base against which an insured depository institution’s deposit insurance premiums paid to the Deposit Insurance Fund (the “DIF”) will be calculated. Under the amendments, the assessment base will no longer be the institution’s deposit base, but rather its average consolidated total assets less its average tangible equity during the assessment period.  Additionally, the Dodd-Frank Act makes changes to the minimum designated reserve ratio of the DIF, increasing the minimum from 1.15% to 1.35% of the estimated amount of total insured deposits and eliminating the requirement that the FDIC pay dividends to depository institutions when the reserve ratio exceeds certain thresholds. In December 2010, the FDIC increased the reserve ratio to 2.0%. The Dodd-Frank Act also provides that, effective one year after the date of enactment, depository institutions may pay interest on demand deposits.

Enhanced Lending Limits. The Dodd-Frank Act strengthens the existing limits on a depository institution’s credit exposure to one borrower. Current banking law limits a depository institution’s ability to extend credit to one person (or group of related persons) in an amount exceeding certain thresholds.

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“Bureau”).  The Dodd-Frank Act creates the Bureau within the FRB. The Bureau will establish rules and regulations under certain federal consumer protection laws with respect to the conduct of providers of certain consumer financial products and services.
 
        Interchange Fees. The Dodd-Frank Act also provides that debit card interchange fees must be reasonable and proportional to the cost incurred by the card issuer with respect to the transaction. This provision is known as the “Durbin Amendment.”  In June 2011, the Federal Reserve adopted regulations setting the maximum permissible interchange fee for large, systemically important financial institutions as the sum of 21 cents per transaction and 5 basis points multiplied by the value of the transaction, with an additional adjustment of up to one cent per transaction if the card issuer implements certain fraud-prevention standards. The interchange fee restriction only applies to financial institutions with assets of $10 billion or more and therefore has no effect on the Company.
 
5

 
        Compensation Practices.  The Dodd-Frank Act provides that the appropriate federal regulators must establish standards prohibiting as an unsafe and unsound practice any compensation plan of a bank holding company or bank that provides an insider or other employee with “excessive compensation” or could lead to a material financial loss to such firm. In June 2010, prior to the Dodd-Frank Act, the bank regulatory agencies promulgated the Interagency Guidance on Sound Incentive Compensation Policies, which requires that financial institutions establish metrics for measuring the impact of activities to achieve incentive compensation with the related risk to the financial institution of such behavior.

Although a significant number of the rules and regulations mandated by the Dodd-Frank Act have been finalized, many of the new requirements called for have yet to be implemented and will likely be subject to implementing regulations over the course of several years. Given the uncertainty associated with the manner in which the provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act will be implemented by the various regulatory agencies, the full extent of the impact such requirements will have on the operations of the Company and the Bank is unclear. The changes resulting from the Dodd-Frank Act may impact the profitability of business activities, require changes to certain business practices, impose more stringent capital, liquidity and leverage ratio requirements or otherwise adversely affect the business of the Company and the Bank. These changes may also require the Company to invest significant management attention and resources to evaluate and make necessary changes in order to comply with new statutory and regulatory requirements.  The Company does believe, however, that short- and long-term compliance costs for the Company will be greater because of the Dodd-Frank Act.

Deposit Insurance

The deposits of the Bank are insured up to applicable limits by the Deposit Insurance Fund (“DIF”) of the FDIC and are subject to deposit insurance assessments to maintain the DIF. On April 1, 2011, the deposit insurance assessment base changed from total deposits to average total assets minus average tangible equity, pursuant to a rule issued by the FDIC as required by the Dodd-Frank Act.

The Federal Deposit Insurance Act (the “FDIA”), as amended by the Federal Deposit Insurance Reform Act and the Dodd-Frank Act, requires the FDIC to set a ratio of deposit insurance reserves to estimated insured deposits of at least 1.35%. The FDIC utilizes a risk-based assessment system that imposes insurance premiums based upon a risk matrix that takes into account a bank’s capital level and supervisory rating. On February 27, 2009, the FDIC introduced three possible adjustments to an institution’s initial base assessment rate: (i) a decrease of up to five basis points for long-term unsecured debt, including senior unsecured debt (other than debt guaranteed under the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program) and subordinated debt and, for small institutions, a portion of Tier 1 capital; (ii) an increase not to exceed 50% of an institution’s assessment rate before the increase for secured liabilities in excess of 25% of domestic deposits; and (iii) for non-Risk Category I institutions, an increase not to exceed 10 basis points for brokered deposits in excess of 10% of domestic deposits.  In 2012 and 2011, the Company paid only the base assessment rate for “well capitalized” institutions, which totaled $692,000 and $651,000, respectively, in regular deposit insurance assessments.

On May 22, 2009, the FDIC issued a final rule that levied a special assessment applicable to all insured depository institutions totaling 5 basis points of each institution’s total assets less Tier 1 capital as of June 30, 2009, not to exceed 10 basis points of domestic deposits. The special assessment was part of the FDIC’s efforts to rebuild the DIF. Deposit insurance expense during 2009 for the Bank included an additional $1.2 million recognized in the second quarter related to the special assessment. On November 12, 2009, the FDIC issued a rule that required all insured depository institutions, with limited exceptions, to prepay their estimated quarterly risk-based assessments for the fourth quarter of 2009 and for all of 2010, 2011, and 2012. In December 2009, the Bank paid $2.9 million in prepaid risk-based assessments, which amount was expensed in the appropriate periods through December 31, 2012.

In November 2010, the FDIC issued a final rule to implement provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act that provide for temporary unlimited coverage for non-interest-bearing transaction accounts. The separate coverage for non-interest-bearing transaction accounts became effective on December 31, 2010 and expired on December 31, 2012.

In addition, all FDIC insured institutions are required to pay assessments to the FDIC at an annual rate of approximately one basis point of insured deposits to fund interest payments on bonds issued by the Financing Corporation, an agency of the federal government established to recapitalize the predecessor to the Savings Association Insurance Fund. These assessments will continue until the Financing Corporation bonds mature in 2017 through 2019.
 
6


Capital Requirements

The FRB, the OCC and the FDIC have issued substantially similar risk-based and leverage capital guidelines applicable to all banks and bank holding companies.  In addition, those regulatory agencies may from time to time require that a banking organization maintain capital above the minimum levels because of its financial condition or actual or anticipated growth.  Under the risk-based capital requirements of these federal bank regulatory agencies, American National Bankshares Inc. and American National Bank are required to maintain a minimum ratio of total capital to risk-weighted assets of at least 8.0%.  At least half of the total capital is required to be “Tier 1 capital,” which consists principally of common and certain qualifying preferred shareholders’ equity (including trust preferred securities), less certain intangibles and other adjustments.  The remainder (“Tier 2 capital”) consists of a limited amount of subordinated and other qualifying debt (including certain hybrid capital instruments) and a limited amount of the general loan loss allowance.  The Tier 1 and total capital to risk-weighted asset ratios of the American National Bankshares Inc. were 15.75% and 17.00%, respectively, as of December 31, 2012, thus exceeding the minimum requirements.  The Tier 1 and total capital to risk-weighted asset ratios of American National Bank were 15.36% and 16.49%, respectively, as of December 31, 2012 thus exceeding the minimum requirements.

Each of the federal regulatory agencies has established a minimum leverage capital ratio of Tier 1 capital to average adjusted assets (“Tier 1 leverage ratio”).  These guidelines provide for a minimum Tier 1 leverage ratio of 4% for banks and bank holding companies that meet certain specified criteria, including having the highest regulatory examination rating and are not contemplating significant growth or expansion.  The Tier 1 leverage ratio of American National Bankshares Inc. as of December 31, 2012 was 11.27%, which is above the minimum requirements.  The guidelines also provide that banking organizations experiencing internal growth or making acquisitions will be expected to maintain strong capital positions substantially above the minimum supervisory levels without significant reliance on intangible assets.

On June 7, 2012, the FRB and the other federal bank regulatory agencies issued a series of proposed rules that would revise their risk-based and leverage capital requirements and their method for calculating risk-weighted assets.  The proposed rules implement the Basel III regulatory capital reforms from the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and certain provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act.  The proposed rules would, among other things, establish a new common equity Tier 1 minimum capital requirement (4.5% of risk-weighted assets) and a higher minimum Tier 1 risk-based capital requirement (6% of risk-weighted assets), and assign higher risk weightings to loans that are more than 90 days past due, loans that are on nonaccrual status and certain loans financing the acquisition, development or construction of commercial real estate.  The proposed rules would also require unrealized gains and losses on certain securities holdings to be included for purposes of calculating regulatory capital requirements, and would limit a financial institution’s capital distributions and certain discretionary bonus payments if the institution does not hold a “capital conservation buffer” consisting of a specified amount of common equity Tier 1 capital in addition to the amount necessary to meet its minimum risk-based capital requirements.
 
        The federal bank regulatory agencies initially indicated that these proposed rules would be phased in beginning January 1, 2013 with full compliance required by January 1, 2019. However, due to the volume of public comments received, the agencies elected not to begin implementing the rules on January 1, 2013 and have provided no further guidance on a new effective date.  Management believes that, as of December 31, 2012, the Company and the Bank would meet all capital adequacy requirements under the proposed rules if such requirements were currently effective.  The regulations ultimately implemented may be substantially different from the proposed rules issued in June 2012.  Management will continue to monitor these and any future proposals submitted by our regulators.

 
7

 
Dividends

The Company’s principal source of cash flow, including cash flow to pay dividends to its shareholders, is dividends it receives from the Bank.  Statutory and regulatory limitations apply to the Bank’s payment of dividends to the Company. As a general rule, the amount of a dividend may not exceed, without prior regulatory approval, the sum of net income in the calendar year to date and the retained net earnings of the immediately preceding two calendar years. A depository institution may not pay any dividend if payment would cause the institution to become “undercapitalized” or if it already is “undercapitalized.” The OCC may prevent the payment of a dividend if it determines that the payment would be an unsafe and unsound banking practice. The OCC also has advised that a national bank should generally pay dividends only out of current operating earnings.

Permitted Activities

As a bank holding company, American National Bankshares Inc. is limited to managing or controlling banks, furnishing services to or performing services for its subsidiaries, and engaging in other activities that the FRB determines by regulation or order to be so closely related to banking or managing or controlling banks as to be a proper incident thereto. In determining whether a particular activity is permissible, the FRB must consider whether the performance of such an activity reasonably can be expected to produce benefits to the public that outweigh possible adverse effects. Possible benefits include greater convenience, increased competition, and gains in efficiency. Possible adverse effects include undue concentration of resources, decreased or unfair competition, conflicts of interest, and unsound banking practices. Despite prior approval, the FRB may order a bank holding company or its subsidiaries to terminate any activity or to terminate ownership or control of any subsidiary when the FRB has reasonable cause to believe that a serious risk to the financial safety, soundness or stability of any bank subsidiary of that bank holding company may result from such an activity.

Banking Acquisitions; Changes in Control

The Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 (the “BHCA”) requires, among other things, the prior approval of the FRB in any case where a bank holding company proposes to (i) acquire direct or indirect ownership or control of more than 5% of the outstanding voting stock of any bank or bank holding company (unless it already owns a majority of such voting shares), (ii) acquire all or substantially all of the assets of another bank or bank holding company, or (iii) merge or consolidate with any other bank holding company. In determining whether to approve a proposed bank acquisition, the FRB will consider, among other factors, the effect of the acquisition on competition, the public benefits expected to be received from the acquisition, the projected capital ratios and levels on a post-acquisition basis, and the acquiring institution’s performance under the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 (the “CRA”).

Subject to certain exceptions, the BHCA and the Change in Bank Control Act, together with the applicable regulations, require FRB approval (or, depending on the circumstances, no notice of disapproval) prior to any person or company acquiring “control” of a bank or bank holding company. A conclusive presumption of control exists if an individual or company acquires the power, directly or indirectly, to direct the management or policies of an insured depository institution or to vote 25% or more of any class of voting securities of any insured depository institution. A rebuttable presumption of control exists if a person or company acquires 10% or more but less than 25% of any class of voting securities of an insured depository institution and either the institution has registered securities under Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) or no other person will own a greater percentage of that class of voting securities immediately after the acquisition. The Company’s common stock is registered under Section 12 of the Exchange Act.

In addition, Virginia law requires the prior approval of the SCC for (i) the acquisition of more than 5% of the voting shares of a Virginia bank or any holding company that controls a Virginia bank, or (ii) the acquisition by a Virginia bank holding company of a bank or its holding company domiciled outside Virginia.

Source of Strength

FRB policy has historically required bank holding companies to act as a source of financial and managerial strength to their subsidiary banks. The Dodd-Frank Act codified this policy as a statutory requirement. The federal bank regulatory agencies must still issue regulations to implement the source of strength provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act. Under this requirement, the Company is expected to commit resources to support the Bank, including at times when the Company may not be in a financial position to provide such resources. Any capital loans by a bank holding company to any of its subsidiary banks are subordinate in right of payment to depositors and to certain other indebtedness of such subsidiary banks. In the event of a bank holding company’s bankruptcy, any commitment by the bank holding company to a federal bank regulatory agency to maintain the capital of a subsidiary bank will be assumed by the bankruptcy trustee and entitled to priority of payment.

 
8

 
Safety and Soundness

There are a number of obligations and restrictions imposed on bank holding companies and their subsidiary banks by law and regulatory policy that are designed to minimize potential loss to the depositors of such depository institutions and the FDIC insurance fund in the event of a depository institution default. For example, under the Federal Deposit Insurance Company Improvement Act of 1991, to avoid receivership of an insured depository institution subsidiary, a bank holding company is required to guarantee the compliance of any subsidiary bank that may become “undercapitalized” with the terms of any capital restoration plan filed by such subsidiary with its appropriate federal bank regulatory agency up to the lesser of (i) an amount equal to 5% of the institution’s total assets at the time the institution became undercapitalized or (ii) the amount that is necessary (or would have been necessary) to bring the institution into compliance with all applicable capital standards as of the time the institution fails to comply with such capital restoration plan.

Under the FDIA, the federal bank regulatory agencies have adopted guidelines prescribing safety and soundness standards. These guidelines establish general standards relating to internal controls and information systems, internal audit systems, loan documentation, credit underwriting, interest rate exposure, asset growth and compensation, fees and benefits. In general, the guidelines require, among other things, appropriate systems and practices to identify and manage the risk and exposures specified in the guidelines.

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act

Under the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991 (“FDICIA”), the federal banking agencies possess broad powers to take prompt corrective action to resolve problems of insured depository institutions.  The extent of these powers depends upon whether the institution is “well capitalized,” “adequately capitalized,” “undercapitalized,” “significantly undercapitalized,” or “critically undercapitalized,” as defined by the law.  Under regulations established by the federal banking agencies a “well capitalized” institution must have a Tier 1 capital ratio of at least 6%, a total capital ratio of at least 10%, and a leverage ratio of at least 5%, and not be subject to a capital directive order.  An “adequately capitalized” institution must have a Tier 1 capital ratio of a least 4%, a total capital ratio of at least 8%, and a leverage ratio of at least 4%, or 3% in some cases.  Management believes, as of December 31, 2012 and 2011, that the Company met the requirements for being classified as “well capitalized.”

As required by FDICIA, the federal banking agencies also have adopted guidelines prescribing safety and soundness standards relating to, among other things, internal controls and information systems, internal audit systems, loan documentation, credit underwriting, and interest rate exposure.  In general, the guidelines require appropriate systems and practices to identify and manage the risks and exposures specified in the guidelines.  In addition, the agencies adopted regulations that authorize, but do not require, an institution which has been notified that it is not in compliance with safety and soundness standard to submit a compliance plan.  If, after being so notified, an institution fails to submit an acceptable compliance plan, the agency must issue an order directing action to correct the deficiency and may issue an order directing other actions of the types to which an undercapitalized institution is subject under the prompt corrective action provisions described above.

Branching

The Riegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994, as amended (the “Interstate Banking Act”), generally permits well capitalized bank holding companies to acquire banks in any state, and preempts all state laws restricting the ownership by a bank holding company of banks in more than one state. The Interstate Banking Act also permits a bank to merge with an out-of-state bank and convert any offices into branches of the resulting bank if both states have not opted out of interstate branching; and permits a bank to acquire branches from an out-of-state bank if the law of the state where the branches are located permits the interstate branch acquisition. Under the Dodd-Frank Act, a bank holding company or bank must be well capitalized and well managed to engage in an interstate acquisition. Bank holding companies and banks are required to obtain prior FRB approval to acquire more than 5% of a class of voting securities, or substantially all of the assets, of a bank holding company, bank or savings association. The Interstate Banking Act and the Dodd-Frank Act permit banks to establish and operate de novo interstate branches to the same extent a bank chartered by the host state may establish branches.

 
9

 
Transactions with Affiliates

Pursuant to Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act and Regulation W, the authority of the Bank to engage in transactions with related parties or “affiliates” or to make loans to insiders is limited. Loan transactions with an affiliate generally must be collateralized and certain transactions between the Bank and its affiliates, including the sale of assets, the payment of money or the provision of services, must be on terms and conditions that are substantially the same, or at least as favorable to the Bank, as those prevailing for comparable nonaffiliated transactions. In addition, the Bank generally may not purchase securities issued or underwritten by affiliates.

Loans to executive officers, directors or to any person who directly or indirectly, or acting through or in concert with one or more persons, owns, controls or has the power to vote more than 10% of any class of voting securities of a bank (a “10% Shareholders”), are subject to Sections 22(g) and 22(h) of the Federal Reserve Act and their corresponding regulations (Regulation O) and Section 13(k) of the Exchange Act relating to the prohibition on personal loans to executives (which exempts financial institutions in compliance with the insider lending restrictions of Section 22(h) of the Federal Reserve Act). Among other things, these loans must be made on terms substantially the same as those prevailing on transactions made to unaffiliated individuals and certain extensions of credit to those persons must first be approved in advance by a disinterested majority of the entire board of directors. Section 22(h) of the Federal Reserve Act prohibits loans to any of those individuals where the aggregate amount exceeds an amount equal to 15% of an institution’s unimpaired capital and surplus plus an additional 10% of unimpaired capital and surplus in the case of loans that are fully secured by readily marketable collateral, or when the aggregate amount on all of the extensions of credit outstanding to all of these persons would exceed the Bank’s unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus. Section 22(g) of the Federal Reserve Act identifies limited circumstances in which the Bank is permitted to extend credit to executive officers.

Community Reinvestment and Consumer Protection Laws

In connection with its lending activities, the Company is subject to a number of federal laws designed to protect borrowers and promote lending to various sectors of the economy and population.  These include the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, the Truth-in-Lending Act, the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, and the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977.

The CRA requires the appropriate federal banking agency, in connection with its examination of a bank, to assess the bank’s record in meeting the credit needs of the communities served by the bank, including low and moderate income neighborhoods.  Furthermore, such assessment is also required of banks that have applied, among other things, to merge or consolidate with or acquire the assets or assume the liabilities of an insured depository institution, or to open or relocate a branch.  In the case of a BHC applying for approval to acquire a bank or BHC, the record of each subsidiary bank of the applicant BHC is subject to assessment in considering the application.  Under the CRA, institutions are assigned a rating of “outstanding,” “satisfactory,” “needs to improve,” or “substantial non-compliance.”  The Company was rated “outstanding” in its most recent CRA evaluation.

Anti-Money Laundering Legislation

The Company is subject to the Bank Secrecy Act and other anti-money laundering laws and regulations, including the USA Patriot Act of 2001.  Among other things, these laws and regulations require the Company to take steps to prevent the use of the Company for facilitating the flow of illegal or illicit money, to report large currency transactions, and to file suspicious activity reports.  The Company is also required to carry out a comprehensive anti-money laundering compliance program.  Violations can result in substantial civil and criminal sanctions.  In addition, provisions of the USA Patriot Act require the federal financial institution regulatory agencies to consider the effectiveness of a financial institution’s anti-money laundering activities when reviewing bank mergers and BHC acquisitions.

Privacy Legislation

Several recent regulations issued by federal banking agencies also provide new protections against the transfer and use of customer information by financial institutions. A financial institution must provide to its customers information regarding its policies and procedures with respect to the handling of customers’ personal information. Each institution must conduct an internal risk assessment of its ability to protect customer information. These privacy provisions generally prohibit a financial institution from providing a customer’s personal financial information to unaffiliated parties without prior notice and approval from the customer.

Incentive Compensation

In June 2010, the federal banking agencies issued comprehensive final guidance on incentive compensation policies intended to ensure that the incentive compensation policies of financial institutions do not undermine the safety and soundness of such institutions by encouraging excessive risk-taking. The Interagency Guidance on Sound Incentive
 
 
10

 
 Compensation Policies, which covers all employees that have the ability to materially affect the risk profile of a financial institutions, either individually or as part of a group, is based upon the key principles that a financial institution’s incentive compensation arrangements should (i) provide incentives that do not encourage risk-taking beyond the institution’s ability to effectively identify and manage risks, (ii) be compatible with effective internal controls and risk management, and (iii) be supported by strong corporate governance, including active and effective oversight by the financial institution’s board of directors.

The FRB will review, as part of the regular, risk-focused examination process, the incentive compensation arrangements of financial institutions, such as the Company, that are not “large, complex banking organizations.” These reviews will be tailored to each financial institution based on the scope and complexity of the institution’s activities and the prevalence of incentive compensation arrangements. The findings of the supervisory initiatives will be included in reports of examination. Deficiencies will be incorporated into the institution’s supervisory ratings, which can affect the institution’s ability to make acquisitions and take other actions. Enforcement actions may be taken against a financial institution if its incentive compensation arrangements, or related risk-management control or governance processes, pose a risk to the institution’s safety and soundness and the financial institution is not taking prompt and effective measures to correct the deficiencies. At December 31, 2012, the Company had not been made aware of any instances of non-compliance with the new guidance.

Effect of Governmental Monetary Policies

The Company’s operations are affected not only by general economic conditions, but also by the policies of various regulatory authorities.  In particular, the FRB regulates money and credit conditions and interest rates to influence general economic conditions.  These policies have a significant impact on overall growth and distribution of loans, investments and deposits; they affect interest rates charged on loans or paid for time and savings deposits.  FRB monetary policies have had a significant effect on the operating results of commercial banks, including the Company, in the past and are expected to do so in the future.  As a result, the Company is unable to predict the effects of possible changes in monetary policies upon its future operating results.

Employees

At December 31, 2012, the Company employed 307 full-time equivalent persons.  In the opinion of  the management of the Company, the relationship with employees of the Company and the Bank is good.

Internet Access to Company Documents

The Company provides access to its Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) filings through a link on the Investor Relations page of the Company’s website at www.amnb.com.  Reports available include the annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports as soon as reasonably practicable after the reports are filed electronically with the SEC. The information on the Company’s website is not incorporated into this Annual Report on Form 10-K or any other filing the Company makes with the SEC. The SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at www.sec.gov.

Executive Officers of the Company
 
        The following lists, as of December 31, 2012, the executive officers of the Company, their ages, and their positions.  The information below reflects certain changes in management positions that were effected in January 2013.


Name
 
Age
 
Position
         
Charles H. Majors
 
67
 
Executive Chairman of the Company and Bank since January 2013; prior thereto, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Company since January 2012; Chairman of the Bank since January 2012; prior thereto, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company; Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Bank from June 2010 to December 2011, prior thereto, Chief Executive Officer and President of the Bank.
 
Jeffrey V. Haley
 
52
 
President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company and Bank since January 2013; prior thereto, President of the Company and Chief Executive Officer of the Bank since January 2012; prior thereto, Executive Vice President of the Company from June 2010 to December 2011; prior thereto, Senior Vice President of the Company from July 2008 to May 2010; President of the Bank since June 2010; prior thereto, Executive Vice President of the Bank, as well as President of Trust and Financial Services from July 2008 to May 2010; prior thereto, Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of the Bank from November 2005 to June 2007.
 
William W. Traynham
 
57
 
Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer and Secretary of the Company since April 2009; Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, and Cashier of the Bank since April 2009; prior thereto, President and Chief Financial Officer of Community Bankshares Inc. and Chief Financial Officer of Community Resource Bank, NA from 1992 until the sale of the company in 2008.
 

 
11

 

Risks Related to the Company’s Business

The Company’s business is subject to interest rate risk, and variations in interest rates may negatively affect financial performance.

Changes in the interest rate environment may reduce the Company’s profits.  It is expected that the Company will continue to realize income from the spread between the interest earned on loans, securities, and other interest earning assets, and interest paid on deposits, borrowings and other interest bearing liabilities.  Net interest spreads are affected by the difference between the maturities and repricing characteristics of interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities.  In addition, loan volume and yields are affected by market interest rates on loans, and the current interest rate environment encourages extreme competition for new loan originations from qualified borrowers.  Management cannot ensure that it can minimize the Company’s interest rate risk. While an eventual increase in the general level of interest rates may increase the loan yield and the net interest margin, it may adversely affect the ability of certain borrowers with variable rate loans to pay the interest and principal of their obligations.  Accordingly, changes in levels of market interest rates could materially and adversely affect the net interest spread, asset quality, loan origination volume, and overall profitability of the Company.

The Company faces strong competition from financial services companies and other companies that offer banking and other financial services, which could negatively affect the Company’s business.

The Company encounters substantial competition from other financial institutions in its market area.  Ultimately, the Company may not be able to compete successfully against current and future competitors. Many competitors offer the same banking services that the Company offers.  These competitors include national, regional, and community banks.  The Company also faces competition from many other types of financial institutions, including savings banks, finance companies, mutual and money market fund providers, brokerage firms, insurance companies, credit unions, financial subsidiaries of certain industrial corporations, and mortgage companies.  In particular, competitors include several major financial companies whose greater resources may afford them a marketplace advantage by enabling them to maintain numerous banking locations and ATMs and conduct extensive promotional and advertising campaigns. Increased competition may result in reduced business for the Company.

Additionally, banks and other financial institutions with larger capitalization and financial intermediaries not subject to bank regulatory restrictions have larger lending limits and are thereby able to serve the credit needs of larger customers. Areas of competition include interest rates for loans and deposits, efforts to obtain loans and deposits, and range and quality of products and services provided, including new technology-driven products and services.  Technological innovation continues to contribute to greater competition in domestic and international financial services markets as technological advances enable more companies to provide financial services.  If the Company is unable to attract and retain banking customers, it may be unable to continue to grow loan and deposit portfolios and its results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected.

Changes in economic conditions could materially and negatively affect the Company’s business.

The Company’s business is directly impacted by economic, political, and market conditions, broad trends in industry and finance, legislative and regulatory changes, changes in government monetary and fiscal policies, and inflation, all of which are beyond the Company’s control.  A deterioration in economic conditions, whether caused by global, national or local events, especially within the Company’s market area, could result in potentially material consequences: loan delinquencies increasing; problem assets and foreclosures increasing; demand for products and services decreasing; low cost or noninterest bearing deposits decreasing; and collateral for loans, especially real estate, declining in value, in turn reducing customers’ borrowing power, and reducing the value of assets and collateral associated with existing loans.

 
12

 
Trust division income is a major source of non-interest income for the Company.  Trust and Investment Services fee revenue is largely dependent on the fair market value of assets under management and on trading volumes in the brokerage business. General economic conditions and their subsequent effect on the securities markets tend to act in correlation.  When general economic conditions deteriorate, securities markets generally decline in value, and the Company’s Trust and Investment Service revenues are negatively impacted as asset values and trading volumes decrease.

The Company’s credit standards and its on-going credit assessment processes might not protect it from significant credit losses.

The Company takes credit risk by virtue of making loans and extending loan commitments and letters of credit.  The Company manages credit risk through a program of underwriting standards, the review of certain credit decisions and an on-going process of assessment of the quality of the credit already extended.  The Company’s exposure to credit risk is managed through the use of consistent underwriting standards that emphasize local lending while avoiding highly leveraged transactions as well as excessive industry and other concentrations.  The Company’s credit administration function employs risk management techniques to help ensure that problem loans are promptly identified.  While these procedures are designed to provide the Company with the information needed to implement policy adjustments where necessary and to take appropriate corrective actions, and have proven to be reasonably effective to date, there can be no assurance that such measures will be effective in avoiding future undue credit risk.

The Company’s focus on lending to small to mid-sized community-based businesses may increase its credit risk.
 
        Most of the Company’s commercial business and commercial real estate loans are made to small business or middle market customers.  These businesses generally have fewer financial resources in terms of capital or borrowing capacity than larger entities and have a heightened vulnerability to economic conditions.  If general economic conditions in the market areas in which the Company operates negatively impact this important customer sector, the Company’s results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected.  Moreover, a portion of these loans have been made by the Company in recent years and the borrowers may not have experienced a complete business or economic cycle.  The deterioration of the borrowers’ businesses may hinder their ability to repay their loans with the Company, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.

The Company depends on the accuracy and completeness of information about clients and counterparties, and its financial condition could be adversely affected if it relies on misleading information.

In deciding whether to extend credit or to enter into other transactions with clients and counterparties, the Company may rely on information furnished to it by or on behalf of clients and counterparties, including financial statements and other financial information, which the Company does not independently verify.  The Company also may rely on representations of clients and counterparties as to the accuracy and completeness of that information and, with respect to financial statements, on reports of independent auditors.  For example, in deciding whether to extend credit to clients, the Company may assume that a customer’s audited financial statements conform with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States and present fairly, in all material respects, the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the customer.  The Company’s financial condition and results of operations could be negatively impacted to the extent it relies on financial statements that do not comply with GAAP or are materially misleading.


The allowance for loan losses may not be adequate to cover actual losses.

In accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, an allowance for loan losses is maintained to provide for loan losses.  The allowance for loan losses may not be adequate to cover actual credit losses, and future provisions for credit losses could materially and adversely affect operating results.  The allowance for loan losses is based on prior experience, as well as an evaluation of the risks in the current portfolio.  The amount of future losses is susceptible to changes in economic, operating, and other outside forces and conditions, including changes in interest rates, all of which are beyond the Company’s control; and these losses may exceed current estimates.  Federal regulatory agencies, as a part of their examination process, review the Company’s loans and allowance for loan losses.  While management believes that the allowance for loan losses is adequate to cover current losses, it cannot make assurances that it will not further increase the allowance for loan losses or that regulators will not require it to increase this allowance.  Either of these occurrences could adversely affect earnings.

 
13

 
Nonperforming assets take significant time to resolve and adversely affect the Company’s results of operations and financial condition.

The Company’s nonperforming assets adversely affect its net income in various ways.  Until economic and market conditions stabilize, the Company expects to continue to incur additional losses relating to volatility in nonperforming loans.  The Company does not record interest income on nonaccrual loans, which adversely affects its income and increases credit administration costs.  When the Company receives collateral through foreclosures and similar proceedings, it is required to mark the related loan to the then fair market value of the collateral less estimated selling costs, which may, and often does, result in a loss.  An increase in the level of nonperforming assets also increases the Company’s risk profile and may impact the capital levels regulators believe are appropriate in light of such risks.  The Company utilizes various techniques such as workouts, restructurings and loan sales to manage problem assets.  Increases in or negative adjustments in the value of these problem assets, the underlying collateral, or in the borrowers’ performance or financial condition, could adversely affect the Company’s business, results of operations and financial condition.  In addition, the resolution of nonperforming assets requires significant commitments of time from management and staff, which can be detrimental to the performance of their other responsibilities, including generation of new loans.  There can be no assurance that the Company will avoid further increases in nonperforming loans in the future.

The continued weak condition of, or downturn in, the local real estate market could materially and negatively affect the Company’s business.

The Company offers a variety of secured loans, including commercial lines of credit, commercial term loans, real estate, construction, home equity lines of credit, consumer and other loans. Many of these loans are secured by real estate (both residential and commercial) located in the Company’s market area. The continued weakness of, or downturn in, the real estate market in the areas in which the Company conducts its operations could negatively affect the Company’s business because significant portions of its loans are secured by real estate.  At December 31, 2012, the Company had approximately $789 million in loans, of which approximately $657 million (83.2%) were secured by real estate.  The ability to recover on defaulted loans by selling the real estate collateral could then be diminished and the Company would be more likely to suffer losses.

Substantially all of the Company’s real property collateral is located in its market area.  If there is a continued decline in real estate values, especially in the Company’s market area, the collateral for loans would deteriorate and provide significantly less security.

The Company relies upon independent appraisals to determine the value of the real estate which secures a significant portion of its loans, and the values indicated by such appraisals may not be realizable if the Company is forced to foreclose upon such loans.

A significant portion of the Company’s loan portfolio consists of loans secured by real estate. The Company relies upon independent appraisers to estimate the value of such real estate.  Appraisals are only estimates of value and the independent appraisers may make mistakes of fact or judgment which adversely affect the reliability of their appraisals. In addition, events occurring after the initial appraisal may cause the value of the real estate to increase or decrease.  As a result of any of these factors, the real estate securing some of the Company’s loans may be more or less valuable than anticipated at the time the loans were made.  If a default occurs on a loan secured by real estate that is less valuable than originally estimated, the Company may not be able to recover the outstanding balance of the loan and will suffer a loss.

The Company is dependent on key personnel and the loss of one or more of those key personnel may materially and adversely affect the Company’s operations and prospects.

The Company currently depends on the services of a number of key management personnel.  The loss of key personnel could materially and adversely affect the results of operations and financial condition.  The Company’s success also depends in part on the ability to attract and retain additional qualified management personnel.  Competition for such personnel is strong and the Company may not be successful in attracting or retaining the personnel it requires.

 
14

 
The inability of the Company to successfully manage its growth or implement its growth strategy may adversely affect the results of operations and financial condition.

The Company may not be able to successfully implement its growth strategy if it is unable to identify attractive markets, locations or opportunities to expand in the future.  The ability to manage growth successfully depends on whether the Company can maintain adequate capital levels, cost controls and asset quality, and successfully integrate any businesses acquired into the Company.

As the Company continues to implement its growth strategy by opening new branches or acquiring branches or banks, it expects to incur increased personnel, occupancy and other operating expenses.  In the case of new branches, the Company must absorb those higher expenses while it begins to generate new deposits; there is also further time lag involved in redeploying new deposits into attractively priced loans and other higher yielding earning assets.  The Company’s plans to expand could depress earnings in the short run, even if it efficiently executes a branching strategy leading to long-term financial benefits.

Difficulties in combining the operations of acquired entities with the Company’s own operations may prevent the Company from achieving the expected benefits from acquisitions.

The Company may not be able to achieve fully the strategic objectives and operating efficiencies in an acquisition.  Inherent uncertainties exist in integrating the operations of an acquired entity.  In addition, the markets and industries in which the Company and its potential acquisition targets operate are highly competitive.  The Company may lose customers or the customers of acquired entities as a result of an acquisition; the Company also may lose key personnel, either from the acquired entity or from itself.  These factors could contribute to the Company’s not achieving the expected benefits from its acquisitions within desired time frames, if at all.  Future business acquisitions could be material to the Company and it may issue additional shares of common stock to pay for those acquisitions, which would dilute current shareholders’ ownership interests.  Acquisitions also could require the Company to use substantial cash or other liquid assets or to incur debt; the Company could therefore become more susceptible to economic downturns and competitive pressures.

The Company is subject to extensive regulation which could adversely affect its business.

The Company’s operations as a publicly traded corporation, a bank holding company, and an insured depository institution are subject to extensive regulation by federal, state, and local governmental authorities and are subject to various laws and judicial and administrative decisions imposing requirements and restrictions on part or all of the Company’s operations.  Because the Company’s business is highly regulated, the laws, rules, and regulations applicable to it are subject to frequent and sometimes extensive change. Such changes could include higher capital requirements, increased insurance premiums, increased compliance costs, reductions of non-interest income and limitations on services that can be provided.  Actions by regulatory agencies or significant litigation against the Company could cause it to devote significant time and resources to defend itself and may lead to liability or penalties that materially affect the Company and its shareholders. Any future changes in the laws, rules or regulations applicable to the Company may negatively affect the Company’s business and results of operations.

 
15


The Dodd-Frank Act substantially changes the regulation of the financial services industry and it could have a material adverse effect upon the Company.

The Dodd-Frank Act provides wide-ranging changes in the way banks and financial services firms generally are regulated and is likely to affect the way the Company and its customers and counterparties do business with each other.  Among other things, it requires increased capital and regulatory oversight for banks and their holding companies, changes the deposit insurance assessment system, changes responsibilities among regulators, establishes the new Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, and makes various changes in the securities laws and corporate governance that affect public companies, including the Company.  The Dodd-Frank Act also requires numerous studies and regulations related to its implementation.  The Company is evaluating the effects of the Dodd-Frank Act, together with implementing the regulations that have been proposed and adopted. The effects of the Dodd-Frank Act and the resulting rulemaking cannot be accurately predicted, but management expects it will have an adverse effect on the Company’s results of operation and financial condition.
 
The Company and the Bank may be subject to more stringent capital and liquidity requirements, the short-term and long-term impact of which is uncertain.
 
        The Company and the Bank are each subject to capital adequacy guidelines and other regulatory requirements specifying minimum amounts and types of capital which each must maintain. From time to time, regulators implement changes to these regulatory capital adequacy guidelines. If we fail to meet these minimum capital guidelines and/or other regulatory requirements, our financial condition would be materially and adversely affected.
 
        The Dodd-Frank Act requires the federal banking agencies to establish stricter risk-based capital requirements and leverage limits for banks and bank holding companies. On June 7, 2012, the FRB and the other federal bank regulatory agencies issued a series of proposed rules that would revise their risk-based and leverage capital requirements and their method for calculating risk-weighted assets.  The proposed rules implement the Basel III regulatory capital reforms from the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and certain provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act. If implemented, the proposed rules would, among other things, establish a new common equity Tier 1 minimum capital requirement (4.5% of risk-weighted assets) and a higher minimum Tier 1 risk-based capital requirement (6% of risk-weighted assets), and assign higher risk weightings to loans that are more than 90 days past due, loans that are on nonaccrual status and certain loans financing the acquisition, development or construction of commercial real estate. The rules would also lead to more restrictive leverage and liquidity ratios.
 
        The ultimate impact of the new capital and liquidity standards on the Company and the Bank cannot be determined at this time and depend on a number of factors, including the treatment and final implementation by the FRB.  The federal bank regulatory agencies initially indicated that these proposed rules would be phased in beginning January 1, 2013 with full compliance required by January 1, 2019. However, due to the volume of public comments received, the agencies elected not to begin implementing the rules on January 1, 2013 and have provided no further guidance on a new effective date. These requirements and any other new regulations, could adversely affect our ability to pay dividends, or could require us to reduce business levels or to raise capital, including in ways that may adversely affect our financial condition or results of operations.
 
The Company’s exposure to operational, technological and organizational risk may adversely affect the Company.

The Company is exposed to many types of operational risks, including reputation, legal, and compliance risk, the risk of fraud or theft by employees or outsiders, unauthorized transactions by employees or operational errors, clerical or record-keeping errors, and errors resulting from faulty or disabled computer or telecommunications systems.

Negative public opinion can result from the actual or alleged conduct in any number of activities, including lending practices, corporate governance, and acquisitions, and from actions taken by government regulators and community organizations in response to those activities.  Negative public opinion can adversely affect the Company’s ability to attract and retain customers and can expose it to litigation and regulatory action.

 
16

 
Certain errors may be repeated or compounded before they are discovered and successfully rectified. The Company’s necessary dependence upon automated systems to record and process its transactions may further increase the risk that technical system flaws or employee tampering or manipulation of those systems will result in losses that are difficult to detect.  The Company may also be subject to disruptions of its operating systems arising from events that are wholly or partially beyond its control (for example, computer viruses or electrical or telecommunications outages), which may give rise to disruption of service to customers and to financial loss or liability. The Company is further exposed to the risk that its external vendors may be unable to fulfill their contractual obligations (or will be subject to the same risk of fraud or operational errors by their respective employees as is the Company) and to the risk that the Company’s (or its vendors’) business continuity and data security systems prove to be inadequate.

Changes in accounting standards could impact reported earnings.

From time to time, with seeming increasing frequency, there are changes in the financial accounting and reporting standards that govern the preparation of the Company’s financial statements.  These changes can materially impact how the Company records and reports its financial condition and results of operations.  In some instances, the Company could be required to apply a new or revised standard retroactively, resulting in the restatement of prior period financial statements.

Failure to maintain effective systems of internal and disclosure control could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s results of operation and financial condition.

Effective internal and disclosure controls are necessary for the Company to provide reliable financial reports and effectively prevent fraud and to operate successfully as a public company.  If the Company cannot provide reliable financial reports or prevent fraud, its reputation and operating results would be harmed.  As part of the Company’s ongoing monitoring of internal control, it may discover material weaknesses or significant deficiencies in its internal control that require remediation.  A “material weakness” is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of a company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

The Company has in the past discovered, and may in the future discover, areas of its internal controls that need improvement.  Even so, the Company is continuing to work to improve its internal controls.  The Company cannot be certain that these measures will ensure that it implements and maintains adequate controls over its financial processes and reporting in the future.  Any failure to maintain effective controls or to timely effect any necessary improvement of the Company’s internal and disclosure controls could, among other things, result in losses from fraud or error, harm the Company’s reputation or cause investors to lose confidence in the Company’s reported financial information, all of which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s results of operation and financial condition.

The carrying value of goodwill may be adversely impacted.

When the Company completes an acquisition, generally goodwill is recorded on the date of acquisition as an asset.  Current accounting guidance requires for goodwill to be tested for impairment, which the Company performs an impairment analysis at least annually, rather than amortizing it over a period of time.  A significant adverse change in expected future cash flows or sustained adverse change in the Company’s common stock could require the asset to become impaired.  If impaired, the Company would incur a non-cash charge to earnings that would have a significant impact on the results of operations.  The carrying value of goodwill was approximately $39 million at December 31, 2012.

The Company may need to raise additional capital in the future to continue to grow, but may be unable to obtain additional capital on favorable terms or at all.

Federal and state banking regulators and safe and sound banking practices require the Company to maintain adequate levels of capital to support its operations.  Although the Company currently has no specific plans for additional offices, its business strategy calls for it to continue to grow in its existing banking markets (internally and through additional offices and to expand into new markets as appropriate opportunities arise. Continued growth in the Company’s earning assets, which may result from internal expansion and new branch offices, at rates in excess of the rate at which its capital is increased through retained earnings, will reduce the Company’s capital ratios. If the Company’s capital ratios fell below “well capitalized” levels, the FDIC deposit insurance assessment rate would increase until capital was restored and maintained at a “well capitalized” level. A higher assessment rate would cause an increase in the assessments the Company pays for federal deposit insurance, which would have an adverse effect on the Company’s operating results.

 
17

 
        Management of the Company believes that its current and projected capital position is sufficient to maintain capital ratios significantly in excess of regulatory requirements for the next several years and allow the Company flexibility in the timing of any possible future efforts to raise additional capital.   However, if, in the future, the Company needs to increase its capital to fund additional growth or satisfy regulatory requirements, its ability to raise that additional capital will depend on conditions at that time in the capital markets, economic conditions, the Company’s financial performance and condition, and other factors, many of which are outside its control.  There is no assurance that the Company will be able to raise additional capital on terms favorable to it or at all.  Any future inability to raise additional capital on terms acceptable to the Company may have a material adverse effect on its ability to expand operations, and on its financial condition, results of operations and future prospects.

The Company relies on other companies to provide key components of the Company’s business infrastructure.

Third parties provide key components of the Company’s business operations such as data processing, recording and monitoring transactions, online banking interfaces and services, Internet connections and network access.  While the Company has selected these third party vendors carefully, it does not control their actions.  Any problem caused by these third parties, including those resulting from disruptions in communication services provided by a vendor, failure of a vendor to handle current or higher volumes, failures of a vendor to provide services for any reason or poor performance of services, could adversely affect the Company’s ability to deliver products and services to its customers and otherwise conduct its business.  Financial or operational difficulties of a third party vendor could also hurt the Company’s operations if those difficulties interface with the vendor’s ability to serve the Company.  Replacing these third party vendors could also create significant delay and expense.  Accordingly, use of such third parties creates an unavoidable inherent risk to the Company’s business operations.

 
The Company’s operations may be adversely affected by cyber security risks.

The Company relies heavily on communications and information systems to conduct business.  Any failure, interruption, or breach in security of these systems could result in failures or disruptions in the Company’s internet banking, deposit, loan, and other systems.  While the Company has policies and procedures designed to prevent or limit the effect of such failure, interruption, or security breach of our information systems, there can be no assurance that they will not occur or, if they do occur, that they will be adequately addressed.  The occurrence of any failure, interruption or security breach of our communications and information systems could damage the Company’s reputation, result in a loss of customer business, subject the Company to additional regulatory scrutiny, or expose the Company to civil litigation and possible financial liability.  Additionally, the Company outsources its data processing to a third party. If the Company’s third party provider encounters difficulties or if the Company has difficulty in communicating with such third party, it will significantly affect the Company’s ability to adequately process and account for customer transactions, which would significantly affect the its business operations.
 
In the ordinary course of business, the Company collects and stores sensitive data, including proprietary business information and personally identifiable information of its customers and employees in systems and on networks. The secure processing, maintenance and use of this information is critical to operations and the Company’s business strategy. The Company has invested in accepted technologies, and annually reviews processes and practices that are designed to protect its networks, computers and data from damage or unauthorized access. Despite these security measures, the Company’s computer systems and infrastructure may be vulnerable to attacks by hackers or breached due to employee error, malfeasance or other disruptions. A breach of any kind could compromise systems and the information stored there could be accessed, damaged or disclosed. A breach in security could result in legal claims, regulatory penalties, disruption in operations, and damage to the Company’s reputation, which could adversely affect our business


Risks Related to the Company’s Common Stock

While the Company’s common stock is currently traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market, it has less liquidity than stocks for larger companies quoted on a national securities exchange.

The trading volume in the Company’s common stock on the NASDAQ Global Select Market has been relatively low when compared with larger companies listed on the NASDAQ Global Select Market or other stock exchanges.  There is no assurance that a more active and liquid trading market for the common stock will exist in the future.  Consequently, shareholders may not be able to sell a substantial number of shares for the same price at which shareholders could sell a smaller number of shares.  In addition, we cannot predict the effect, if any, that future sales of the Company’s common stock in the market, or the availability of shares of common stock for sale in the market, will have on the market price of the common stock.

 
18

 
Future issuances of the Company’s common stock could adversely affect the market price of the common stock and could be dilutive.

The Company is not restricted from issuing additional shares of common stock, including any securities that are convertible into or exchangeable for, or that represent the right to receive, shares of common stock.  Issuances of a substantial number of shares of common stock, or the expectation that such issuances might occur, including in connection with acquisitions by the Company, could materially adversely affect the market price of the shares of the common stock and could be dilutive to shareholders.  Because the Company’s decision to issue common stock in the future will depend on market conditions and other factors, it cannot predict or estimate the amount, timing or nature of possible future issuances of its common stock.  Accordingly, the Company’s shareholders bear the risk that future issuances will reduce the market price of the common stock and dilute their stock holdings in the Company.

The primary source of the Company’s income from which it pays cash dividends is the receipt of dividends from its subsidiary bank.

The availability of dividends from the Company is limited by various statutes and regulations.  It is possible, depending upon the financial condition of the Bank and other factors, that the OCC could assert that payment of dividends or other payments is an unsafe or unsound practice.  In the event the Bank was unable to pay dividends to the Company, or be limited in the payment of such dividends, the Company would likely have to reduce or stop paying common stock dividends.  The Company’s reduction, limitation or failure to pay such dividends on its common stock could have a material adverse effect on the market price of the common stock.

The Company’s governing documents and Virginia law contain anti-takeover provisions that could negatively impact its shareholders.

The Company’s Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws and the Virginia Stock Corporation Act contain certain provisions designed to enhance the ability of the Company’s Board of Directors to deal with attempts to acquire control of the Company.  These provisions and the ability to set the voting rights, preferences and other terms of any series of preferred stock that may be issued, may be deemed to have an anti-takeover effect and may discourage takeovers (which certain shareholders may deem to be in their best interest).  To the extent that such takeover attempts are discouraged, temporary fluctuations in the market price of the Company’s common stock resulting from actual or rumored takeover attempts may be inhibited.  These provisions also could discourage or make more difficult a merger, tender offer, or proxy contest, even though such transactions may be favorable to the interests of shareholders, and could potentially adversely affect the market price of the Company’s common stock.


As of December 31, 2012, the Company maintained twenty-five banking offices.  The Company’s Virginia banking offices are located in the cities of Danville, Martinsville and Lynchburg, and in the counties of Bedford, Campbell, Halifax, Henry, Nelson and Pittsylvania.  In North Carolina, the Company’s banking offices are located in the cities of Burlington, Greensboro, Mebane and Graham and in the counties of Alamance, Caswell, and Guilford.  The Company also operates two loan production offices.
 
 
The principal executive offices of the Company are located at 628 Main Street in the business district of Danville, Virginia.  This building, owned by the Company, was originally constructed in 1973 and has three floors totaling approximately 27,000 square feet.

The Company owns a building located at 103 Tower Drive in Danville, Virginia.  This three-story facility serves as an operations center for data processing and deposit operations.

The Company has an office at 445 Mount Cross Road in Danville, Virginia where it consolidated two banking offices in January 2009 and gained additional administrative space.

The Company has an office at 3101 South Church Street in Burlington, North Carolina.  This building serves as the head office for our North Carolina operations.

 
19

 
The Company owns thirteen other offices for a total of seventeen owned buildings.  There are no mortgages or liens against any of the properties owned by the Company.  The Company operates thirty-one Automated Teller Machines (“ATMs”) on owned or leased facilities.  The Company leases eight office locations and two storage warehouses.  The Company occupies space rent-free for its two limited service offices in Burlington located in the Alamance Regional Medical Center and in the Village of Brookwood Retirement Center under agreements with the owners of those facilities.


 
        In the ordinary course of operations, the Company and the Bank are parties to various legal proceedings.

ITEM 4 – MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

None.


 
20


ITEM 5 – MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

The Company’s common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “AMNB.”  At December 31, 2012, the Company had 2,236 shareholders of record.  The following table presents the high and low sales prices for the Company’s common stock and dividends declared for the past two years.



               
Dividends
 
   
Sales Price
   
Declared
 
2012
 
High
   
Low
   
Per Share
 
                   
1st quarter
  $ 22.19     $ 18.54     $ 0.23  
2nd quarter
    24.00       20.91       0.23  
3rd quarter
    23.99       21.60       0.23  
4th quarter
    22.81       18.50       0.23  
                    $ 0.92  
                         
                   
Dividends
 
   
Sales Price
   
Declared
 
2011
 
High
   
Low
   
Per Share
 
                         
1st quarter
  $ 24.14     $ 20.00     $ 0.23  
2nd quarter
    23.95       17.11       0.23  
3rd quarter
    21.00       17.67       0.23  
4th quarter
    19.89       17.70       0.23  
                    $ 0.92  


Stock Compensation Plans

The Company maintains the 2008 Stock Incentive Plan (“2008 Plan”), which is designed to attract and retain qualified personnel in key positions, provide employees with an equity interest in the Company as an incentive to contribute to the success of the Company, and reward employees for outstanding performance and the attainment of targeted goals.  The 2008 Plan and stock compensation in general is discussed in footnote 13 of the attached Consolidated Financial Statements.

The December 31, 2012 position of the Company’s equity investment compensation plan is summarized below:

   
December 31, 2012
 
   
Number of Shares
to be Issued Upon Exercise
of Outstanding Options
   
Weighted-Average Per Share Exercise Price of Outstanding Options
   
Number of Shares Remaining Available
for Future
Issuance Under
Stock Compensation Plans
 
                   
Equity compensation plans
  approved by shareholders
    240,517     $ 24.28       340,851  
Equity compensation plans not
  approved by shareholders
     -         -        -  
Total
    240,517     $ 24.28       340,851  


 
21

 
Comparative Stock Performance

The following graph compares the Company’s cumulative total return to its shareholders with the returns of two indexes for the five-year period ended December 31, 2012.  The cumulative total return was calculated taking into consideration changes in stock price, cash dividends, stock dividends, and stock splits since December 31, 2007.  The indexes are the NASDAQ Composite Index; the SNL Bank $ 1 Billion - $5 Billion Index, which includes bank holding companies with assets of $1 billion to $5 billion and is published by SNL Financial, LC.
5 Yr Performance Graph

 
22

 
 
        The following table sets forth selected financial data for the Company for the last five years:

(Amounts in thousands, except per share information and ratios)
             
   
December 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
   
2010
   
2009
   
2008
 
Results of Operations:
                             
Interest income
  $ 57,806     $ 49,187     $ 35,933     $ 38,061     $ 42,872  
Interest expense
    8,141       8,780       8,719       10,789       15,839  
Net interest income
    49,665       40,407       27,214       27,272       27,033  
Provision for loan losses
    2,133       3,170       1,490       1,662       1,620  
Noninterest income
    11,410       9,244       9,114       8,518       8,002  
Noninterest expense
    36,643       30,000       23,379       24,793       22,213  
Income before income tax provision
    22,299       16,481       11,459       9,335       11,202  
Income tax provision
    6,293       4,910       3,181       2,525       3,181  
Net income
  $ 16,006     $ 11,571     $ 8,278     $ 6,810     $ 8,021  
                                         
Financial Condition:
                                       
Assets
  $ 1,283,687     $ 1,304,706     $ 833,664     $ 808,973     $ 789,184  
Loans, net of unearned income
    788,705       824,758       520,781       527,991       571,110  
Securities
    340,533       339,385       235,691       199,686       140,816  
Deposits
    1,027,667       1,058,754       640,098       604,273       589,138  
Shareholders' equity
    163,246       152,829       108,087       106,389       102,300  
Shareholders' equity, tangible
    119,543       107,335       84,299       82,223       77,757  
                                         
Per Share Information:
                                       
Earnings per share, basic
  $ 2.04     $ 1.64     $ 1.35     $ 1.12     $ 1.32  
Earnings per share, diluted
    2.04       1.64       1.35       1.12       1.31  
Cash dividends paid
    0.92       0.92       0.92       0.92       0.92  
Book value
    20.80       19.58       17.64       17.41       16.81  
Book value, tangible
    15.23       13.75       13.76       13.46       12.78  
                                         
Weighted average shares outstanding, basic
    7,834,351       6,982,524       6,123,870       6,097,810       6,096,649  
Weighted average shares outstanding, diluted
    7,845,652       6,989,877       6,131,650       6,102,895       6,105,154  
                                         
Selected Ratios:
                                       
Return on average assets
    1.23 %     1.07 %     1.00 %     0.84 %     1.02 %
Return on average equity (1)
    10.08 %     8.88 %     7.59 %     6.57 %     7.79 %
Return on average tangible equity (2)
    15.25 %     12.97 %     10.05 %     8.94 %     10.60 %
Dividend payout ratio
    45.06 %     55.50 %     68.08 %     82.40 %     69.89 %
Efficiency ratio (3)
    58.23 %     58.48 %     61.53 %     63.46 %     60.83 %
Net interest margin
    4.44 %     4.35 %     3.78 %     3.81 %     3.87 %
                                         
Asset Quality Ratios:
                                       
Allowance for loan losses to period end loans
    1.54 %     1.28 %     1.62 %     1.55 %     1.37 %
Allowance for loan losses to period end
                                 
   non-performing loans
    227.95 %     76.76 %     324.22 %     224.22 %     275.01 %
Non-performing assets to total assets
    0.90 %     1.46 %     0.76 %     0.87 %     0.91 %
Net charge-offs to average loans
    0.07 %     0.16 %     0.24 %     0.24 %     0.21 %
                                         
Capital Ratios:
                                       
Total risk-based capital ratio
    17.00 %     15.55 %     19.64 %     18.82 %     17.92 %
Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio
    15.75 %     14.36 %     18.38 %     17.56 %     16.67 %
Tier 1 leverage ratio
    11.27 %     10.32 %     12.74 %     12.81 %     13.04 %
Tangible equity to tangible assets ratio (4)
    9.64 %     8.52 %     10.41 %     10.48 %     10.17 %
____________________
                                       
(1) Return on average common equity is calculated by dividing net income available to common shareholders by average
 
common equity.
                                       
                                         
(2) Return on average tangible common equity is calculated by dividing net income available to common shareholders less
 
amortization of intangibles tax effected by average common equity less average intangibles.
         
                                         
(3) The efficiency ratio is calculated by dividing noninterest expense excluding gains or losses on the sale of OREO by net
 
interest income including tax equivalent income on nontaxable loans and securities and excluding (a) gains or losses on
 
securities and (b) gains or losses on sale of premises and equipment.
                 
                                         
(4)Tangible equity to tangible assets ratio is calculated by dividing period-end common equity less period-end intangibles by
 
period-end assets less period-end intangibles.
                                 

 
23

 

The purpose of this discussion is to focus on significant changes in the financial condition and results of operations of the Company during the past three years.  The discussion and analysis are intended to supplement and highlight information contained in the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements and the selected financial data presented elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

RECLASSIFICATION

In certain circumstances, reclassifications have been made to prior period information to conform to the 2012 presentation.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The accounting and reporting policies followed by the Company conform with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and they conform to general practices within the banking industry.  The Company’s critical accounting policies, which are summarized below, relate to (1) the allowance for loan losses, (2) mergers and acquisitions, (3) acquired loans with specific credit-related deterioration and (4) goodwill impairment.  A summary of the Company’s significant accounting policies is set forth in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

The financial information contained within the Company’s financial statements is, to a significant extent, financial information that is based on measures of the financial effects of transactions and events that have already occurred.  A variety of factors could affect the ultimate value that is obtained when earning income, recognizing an expense, recovering an asset, or relieving a liability.  In addition, GAAP itself may change from one previously acceptable method to another method.

Allowance for Loan Losses

The allowance for loan losses is an estimate of the losses inherent in the loan portfolio at the balance sheet date.  The allowance is based on two basic principles of accounting: Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Topic 450-25 Contingencies - Recognition which requires that losses be accrued when they are probable of occurring and estimable and FASB Topic 310-10 Receivables – Overall – Subsequent Measurement which requires that losses on impaired loans be accrued based on the differences between the value of collateral, present value of future cash flows, or values observable in the secondary market, and the loan balance.

The Company’s allowance for loan losses has two basic components:  the formula allowance and the specific allowance.  Each component is determined based upon estimates. With regard to commercial loans, the formula allowance uses historical loss experience as an indicator of future losses, along with various qualitative factors, including levels and trends in delinquencies, nonaccrual loans, charge-offs and recoveries, trends in volume and terms of loans, effects of changes in underwriting standards, experience of lending staff, economic conditions, and portfolio concentrations. In the formula allowance, the migrated historical loss rate is combined with the qualitative factors, resulting in an adjusted loss factor for each risk-grade category of loans.  With regard to consumer loans, the allowance is calculated based on historical losses for each product category without regard to risk grade. This loss rate is combined with qualitative factors resulting in an adjusted loss factor for each product category.   The period-end balances for all other segments are analyzed by risk-grade category and multiplied by the adjusted loss factor.  The formula allowance is calculated for a range of outcomes.  The specific allowance uses various techniques to arrive at an estimate of loss for specifically identified impaired loans. The use of these computed values is inherently subjective and actual losses could be greater or less than the estimates.

The reserve for unfunded loan commitments is an estimate of the losses inherent in off-balance-sheet loan commitments at the balance sheet date.  It is calculated by multiplying an estimated loss factor by an estimated probability of funding, and then by the period-end amounts for unfunded commitments.  The reserve for unfunded loan commitments is included in other liabilities.
 
 
24

 
Mergers and Acquisitions
 
Business combinations are accounted for under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 805, Business Combinations, using the acquisition method of accounting. The acquisition method of accounting requires an acquirer to recognize the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed at the acquisition date measured at their fair values as of that date. To determine the fair values, the Company will rely on third party valuations, such as appraisals, or internal valuations based on discounted cash flow analyses or other valuation techniques. Under the acquisition method of accounting, the Company will identify the acquirer and the closing date and apply applicable recognition principles and conditions.
 
Acquisition-related costs are costs the Company incurs to effect a business combination. Those costs include advisory, legal, accounting, valuation, and other professional or consulting fees. Some other examples of costs to the Company include systems conversions, integration planning consultants and advertising costs. The Company will account for acquisition-related costs as expenses in the periods in which the costs are incurred and the services are received, with one exception. The costs to issue debt or equity securities will be recognized in accordance with other applicable GAAP. These acquisition-related costs have been and will be included within the Consolidated Statements of Income classified within the noninterest expense caption.

Acquired Loans with Specific Credit-Related Deterioration
 
Acquired loans with specific credit deterioration are accounted for by the Company in accordance with FASB ASC 310-30, Receivables - Loans and Debt Securities Acquired with Deteriorated Credit Quality. Certain acquired loans, those for which specific credit-related deterioration, since origination, is identified, are recorded at fair value reflecting the present value of the amounts expected to be collected. Income recognition on these loans is based on a reasonable expectation about the timing and amount of cash flows to be collected. Acquired loans deemed impaired and considered collateral dependent, with the timing of the sale of loan collateral indeterminate, remain on non-accrual status and have no accretable yield.

Goodwill Impairment

Goodwill is subject to at least an annual assessment for impairment by applying a fair value test.  An annual fair value-based test was performed as of June 30, 2012 that determined the market value of the Company’s shares exceeded the consolidated carrying value, including goodwill; therefore, there has been no impairment recognized in the value of goodwill.

In September 2011, the FASB published ASU 2011-08, Testing Goodwill for Impairment. This amendment was an effort to reduce the complexity of the two step impairment test required by the original version of the ASU. Under this amendment, the reporting entity has the option to assess relevant “qualitative factors to determine whether the existence of events or circumstances leads to a determination that it is more likely than not that the fair value of the reporting entity is less than the carrying amount.”

NON-GAAP PRESENTATIONS

The analysis of net interest income in this document is performed on a taxable equivalent basis to facilitate performance comparisons among various taxable and tax-exempt assets.


ACQUISITION OF MIDCAROLINA FINANCIAL CORPORATION

On July 1, 2011, the Company completed its merger with MidCarolina Financial Corporation pursuant to the Agreement and Plan of Reorganization, dated December 15, 2010, between the Company and MidCarolina. MidCarolina was headquartered in Burlington, North Carolina, and engaged in banking operations through its subsidiary bank, MidCarolina Bank.  The transaction has significantly expanded the Company’s footprint in North Carolina, adding eight branches in Alamance and Guilford Counties. Details of the transaction are discussed in footnote 2 to the attached Consolidated Financial Statements.


MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM CHANGES
 
       Coincidentally with the merger with MidCarolina, the Company converted its management information systems from an in-house data processing system to an outsourced processing strategy.  Both banks’ management information systems were fully integrated and converted to Jack Henry & Associates Silverlake processing system in mid-February 2012.
 
 
25

 
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 
Net Income
 

Net income available to common shareholders for 2012 was $16,006,000 compared to $11,468,000 for 2011, a $4,538,000 or 39.6% increase. Basic and diluted earnings per share were $2.04 for 2012 compared to $1.64 for the 2011. This net income produced for 2012 a return on average assets of 1.23%, a return on average equity of 10.08%, and a return on average tangible equity of 15.25%.

Net income available to common shareholders for 2011 was $11,468,000 compared to $8,278,000 for 2010, a 38.5% increase. Earnings per share, basic and diluted, were $1.64 for 2011 compared to $1.35 for 2010. This net income produced for 2011 a return on average assets of 1.07%, a return on average equity of 8.88%, and a return on tangible equity of 12.97%.

Earnings for all of 2012 and for the second half of 2011 were favorably impacted by the July 2011 merger between American National and MidCarolina Financial Corporation.


Net Interest Income

Net interest income is the difference between interest income on earning assets, primarily loans and securities, and interest expense on interest bearing liabilities, primarily deposits.  Fluctuations in interest rates as well as volume and mix changes in earning assets and interest bearing liabilities can materially impact net interest income.  The July 2011 merger with MidCarolina has impacted net interest income positively and dramatically for 2011 and 2012. This is discussed more fully in the Fair Value Impact to Net Income section on pages 31 and 32 of this document. The Company expects this impact to decline rapidly over the next several years.

The following discussion of net interest income is presented on a taxable equivalent basis to facilitate performance comparisons among various taxable and tax-exempt assets, such as certain state and municipal securities.  A tax rate of 35% was used in adjusting interest on tax-exempt assets to a fully taxable equivalent basis.  Net interest income divided by average earning assets is referred to as the net interest margin. The net interest spread represents the difference between the average rate earned on earning assets and the average rate paid on interest bearing liabilities.  All references in this section relate to average yields and rates and average asset and liability balances during the periods discussed.

Net interest income on a taxable equivalent basis increased $9,577,000 or 22.6% in 2012 from 2011, following a $13,899,000 or 48.7% increase in 2011 from 2010.  The increase in net interest income in 2012 was primarily due to the July 2011 merger with MidCarolina, driven mostly by accretion income related to the acquired loan portfolio. Yields on loans were 6.06% in 2012 compared to 6.05% in 2011.  Costs of funds were lower in 2012 compared to 2011, especially with respect to time deposits, which were 1.36% for 2012 compared to 1.63% for 2011. Deposit yields for demand account decreased to 0.13% in 2012 from 0.21% in 2011 and money market accounts decreased to 0.30% in 2012 from 0.43% in 2011. Management actively and regularly reviews deposit pricing and attempts to keep costs as low as possible. The net interest margin was 4.44% for 2012, 4.35% for 2011, and 3.78% for 2010.

During 2008, the Federal Open Market Committee of the FRB reduced the federal funds rate seven times from 4.25% to 0.25%, where it has remained through 2012. This historically low rate environment has had a significant effect on the Company’s net interest margin. Based on recent FRB pronouncements, rates are expected to remain at or near historical lows for the foreseeable future.

Net interest income on a taxable equivalent basis increased $13,899,000 or 48.7% in 2011 from 2010.  The increase in net interest income in 2011 was primarily due to the July 2011 merger with MidCarolina. Yields on loans were 6.05% in 2011 compared to 5.39% in 2010, driven primarily by $5,162,000 in loan accretion income recorded in second half of 2011. Loan yields were also positively impacted by generally higher contractual yields in the MidCarolina portfolio. Cost of funds were mostly lower in 2011 compared to 2010, especially with respect to time deposits, which were 1.63% for 2011 compared to 2.12% for 2010. Deposit yields for demand account increased to 0.21% in 2011 from 0.08% in 2010 as a result of the merger and the impact of MidCarolina pricing on their existing transaction accounts.

 
26

 
The following presentation is an analysis of net interest income and related yields and rates, on a taxable equivalent basis, for the last three years.  Nonaccrual loans are included in average balances.  Interest income on nonaccrual loans, if recognized, is recorded on a cash basis or when the loan returns to accrual status.

Net Interest Income Analysis
(in thousands, except yields and rates)
                                                       
   
Average Balance
   
Interest Income/Expense
   
Average Yield/Rate
 
                                                       
   
2012
   
2011
   
2010
   
2012
   
2011
   
2010
   
2012
   
2011
   
2010
 
Loans:
                                                     
Commercial
  $ 128,031     $ 107,376     $ 77,382     $ 6,642     $ 4,947     $ 3,694       5.19 %     4.61 %     4.77 %
Real estate
    677,314       559,656       440,318       42,088       35,298       24,045       6.21       6.31       5.46  
Consumer
    8,359       7,734       6,774       605       575       541       7.24       7.43       7.99  
Total loans
    813,704       674,766       524,474       49,335       40,820       28,280       6.06       6.05       5.39  
                                                                         
Securities:
                                                                       
Federal agencies and GSE
    36,066       36,247       59,960       545       946       1,917       1.51       2.61       3.20  
Mortgage-backed and CMOs
    94,183       75,902       50,178       1,906       2,148       1,957       2.02       2.83       3.90  
State and municipal
    182,939       151,254       86,439       7,829       6,872       4,478       4.28       4.54       5.18  
Other
    11,654       7,038       6,719       435       279       240       3.73       3.96       3.57  
Total securities
    324,842       270,441       203,296       10,715       10,245       8,592       3.30       3.79       4.23  
                                                                         
Deposits in other banks
    32,080       29,394       27,063       80       127       360       0.25       0.43       1.33  
                                                                         
Total interest earning assets
    1,170,626       974,601       754,833       60,130       51,192       37,232       5.14       5.25       4.93  
                                                                         
Nonearning assets
    132,455       102,493       72,589                                                  
                                                                         
Total assets
  $ 1,303,081     $ 1,077,094     $ 827,422                                                  
                                                                         
Deposits:
                                                                       
Demand
  $ 142,296     $ 137,211     $ 94,236       190       290       76       0.13       0.21       0.08  
Money market
    174,027       132,906       73,358       521       572       371       0.30       0.43       0.51  
Savings
    78,358       68,038       63,484       111       98       88       0.14       0.14       0.14  
Time
    443,549       382,008       291,536       6,021       6,243       6,173       1.36       1.63       2.12  
Total deposits
    838,230       720,163       522,614       6,843       7,203       6,708       0.82       1.00       1.28  
                                                                         
Customer repurchase
                                                                       
agreements
    46,939       46,411       59,270       148       325       382       0.32       0.70       0.64  
Other short-term borrowings
    496       66       87       2       -       -       0.42       0.00       0.00  
Long-term borrowings
    37,415       30,991       29,192       1,148       1,252       1,629       3.07       4.04       5.58  
Total interest bearing
                                                                       
   liabilities
    923,080       797,631       611,163       8,141       8,780       8,719       0.88       1.10       1.43  
                                                                         
Noninterest bearing
                                                                       
demand deposits
    213,129       143,204       103,208                                                  
Other liabilities
    8,025       5,939       3,991                                                  
Shareholders' equity
    158,847       130,320       109,060                                                  
Total liabilities and
                                                                       
   shareholders' equity
  $ 1,303,081     $ 1,077,094     $ 827,422                                                  
                                                                         
Interest rate spread
                                                    4.26 %     4.15 %     3.50 %
Net interest margin
                                                    4.44 %     4.35 %     3.78 %
                                                                         
Net interest income (taxable equivalent basis)
              51,989       42,412       28,513                          
Less: Taxable equivalent adjustment
                      2,324       2,005       1,299                          
Net interest income
                          $ 49,665     $ 40,407     $ 27,214                          

 
27

 
      The following table presents the dollar amount of changes in interest income and interest expense, and distinguishes between changes resulting from fluctuations in average balances of interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities (volume),and changes resulting from fluctuations in average interest rates on such assets and liabilities (rate).  Changes attributable to both volume and rate have been allocated proportionately.
 
 Changes in Net Interest Income (Rate / Volume Analysis)
(in thousands)
                                     
   
2012 vs. 2011
   
2011 vs. 2010
 
         
Change
         
Change
 
   
Increase
   
Attributable to
   
Increase
   
Attributable to
 
Interest income
 
(Decrease)
   
Rate
   
Volume
   
(Decrease)
   
Rate
   
Volume
 
Loans:
                                   
Commercial
  $ 1,695     $ 671     $ 1,024     $ 1,253     $ (133 )   $ 1,386  
Real estate
    6,790       (528 )     7,318       11,253       4,094       7,159  
Consumer
    30       (16 )     46       34       (39 )     73  
Total loans
    8,515       127       8,388       12,540       3,922       8,618  
Securities:
                                               
Federal agencies and GSE
    (401 )     (396 )     (5 )     (971 )     (308 )     (663 )
Mortgage-backed and CMOs
    (242 )     (692 )     450       191       (633 )     824  
State and municipal
    957       (417 )     1,374       2,394       (609 )     3,003  
Other securities
    156       (17 )     173       39       27       12  
Total securities
    470       (1,522 )     1,992       1,653       (1,523 )     3,176  
Deposits in other banks
    (47 )     (58 )     11       (233 )     (262 )     29  
Total interest income
    8,938       (1,453 )     10,391       13,960       2,137       11,823  
                                                 
Interest expense
                                               
Deposits:
                                               
Demand
    (100 )     (110 )     10       214       167       47  
Money market
    (51 )     (201 )     150       201       (62 )     263  
Savings
    13       (2 )     15       10       4       6  
Time
    (222 )     (1,145 )     923       70       (1,594 )     1,664  
Total deposits
    (360 )     (1,458 )     1,098       495       (1,485 )     1,980  
Customer repurchase
                                               
agreements
    (177 )     (181 )     4       (57 )     31       (88 )
Other borrowings
    (102 )     (346 )     244       (377 )     (471 )     94  
Total interest expense
    (639 )     (1,985 )     1,346       61       (1,925 )     1,986  
Net interest income
  $ 9,577     $ 532     $ 9,045     $ 13,899     $ 4,062     $ 9,837  

Noninterest Income

Noninterest income is generated from a variety of sources, including fee-based deposit services, trust and investment services, mortgage banking, and retail brokerage.  Noninterest income also includes net gains or losses on sales, calls, or impairment of investment securities. Earnings for all of 2012 and for the second half of 2011 were favorably impacted by the July 2011 merger with MidCarolina.

2012 compared to 2011

Noninterest income was $11,410,000 in 2012 compared to $9,244,000 in 2011, an increase of $2,166,000 or 23.4%.

Fees from the management of trusts, estates, and asset management accounts were $3,703,000 in 2012 compared to $3,561,000 in 2011, a $142,000 or 4.0% increase.  A substantial portion of trust fees are earned based on account market values, so changes in the equity markets may have a large and potentially volatile impact on revenue.

Service charges on deposit accounts were $1,757,000 in 2012 compared to $1,963,000 in 2011, a $206,000 or 10.5% decrease. The almost contemporaneous nature of the merger, in July 2011, and the management information system conversion, in February 2012, resulted in some operational decisions that had a short term negative impact on service charge income.  Management expects an improving trend in this revenue category moving into 2013.

 
28

 
        Other fees and commissions were $1,768,000 in 2012 compared to $1,510,000 in 2011, a $258,000 or 17.1% increase, due primarily to increases in VISA check card income.

Mortgage banking income was $2,234,000 in 2012 compared to $1,262,000 in 2011, a $972,000 or 77.0% increase.  Historically low mortgage rates have impacted the demand for refinanced mortgages from credit qualified borrowers. Volume during the year exceeded $100 million.

Securities gains were $158,000 in 2012 compared to a loss of $1,000 in 2011.

Other noninterest income was $1,790,000 in 2012 compared to $949,000 in 2011, an $841,000 or 88.6% increase.  This increase was primarily due to the sale of the Riverside branch office property that had been closed in 2009. This transaction generated a net gain on sale of $495,000 for 2012. Brokerage income was up $157,000 in 2012 over 2011.


2011 compared to 2010

Noninterest income was $9,244,000 in 2011 compared to $9,114,000 in 2010, an increase of $130,000 or 1.4%.

Fees from the management of trusts, estates, and asset management accounts were $3,561,000 in 2011 compared to $3,391,000 in 2010, a $170,000 or 5.0% increase.  A substantial portion of trust fees are earned based on account market values, so changes in the equity markets may have a large and potentially volatile impact on revenue.

Service charges on deposit accounts were $1,963,000 in 2011 compared to $1,897,000 in 2010, a $66,000 or 3.5% increase.

Other fees and commissions were $1,510,000 in 2011 compared to $1,163,000 in 2010, a $347,000 or 29.8% increase, due primarily to increases in VISA check card income.

Mortgage banking income was $1,262,000 in 2011 compared to $1,560,000 in 2010, a $298,000 or 19.1% decline.  While revenue was impacted with the expiration of the federal homebuyer tax credit in September 2010 and the overall continuing slowdown in the real estate market, historically low mortgage rates have fueled continuing, but subdued, demand for refinanced mortgages from credit qualified borrowers.

Securities losses were $1,000 in 2011 compared to gains of $126,000 in 2010. Net gains in the 2010 period related to the sale of several relatively small dollar odd lot size balances of mortgage backed securities.

Other noninterest income was $949,000 in 2011 compared to $977,000 in 2010, a $28,000 or 2.9% decrease.  This decrease was primarily due to the sale of bank owned property that had been held for future expansion. The transaction generated a net gain on sale of $450,000 for 2010.


Noninterest Expense

2012 compared to 2011

Noninterest expense was $36,643,000 in 2012 compared to $30,000,000 in 2011, an increase of $6,643,000 or 22.1%.

Salaries were $15,785,000 in 2012 compared to $12,409,000 in 2011, an increase of $3,376,000 or 27.2%. Employee benefits were $3,604,000 in 2012 compared to $2,681,000 in 2011, an increase of $923,000 or 34.4%.  The biggest driver in these increases was the MidCarolina merger, which impacted 2012 for a full year and 2011 for the second half of the year. Total full time equivalent employees were 242 at the end of 2010, 315 at the end of 2011, and 307 at the end of 2012.

Occupancy and equipment expense were $3,951,000 for 2012 compared to $3,199,000 for 2011, an increase of $752,000 or 23.5%. The MidCarolina merger resulted in an additional $376,000 in depreciation expense and an additional $106,000 in lease expense.

FDIC insurance assessment was $692,000 in 2012 compared to $651,000 in 2011, an increase of $41,000 or 6.3%.

 
29

 
Bank franchise tax was $690,000 in 2012 compared to $763,000 in 2011, a decrease of $73,000 or 9.6%.The decrease was related to a larger portion of the Bank’s assets being in a lower franchise tax jurisdiction.

Core deposit intangible amortization was $1,935,000 in 2012 compared to $1,282,000 in 2011, an increase of $653,000 or 50.9%.
 
        Foreclosed real estate ("OREO") expense includes expenses related to properties in a foreclosed status as well as any gains or losses recorded on the sale of foreclosed real estate during the year.  OREO expense in 2012 was $528,000 ($414,000 in OREO related expenses plus $114,000 in net losses on OREO sales).  In 2011, OREO expense was $296,000 ($417,000 in OREO related expense less $121,000 net gains on OREO sales).   Management has been actively attempting to resolve these assets.  During 2012 and 2011, several major loans acquired with deteriorated credit quality were transferred to OREO and subsequently sold. These relationships involved a significant amount of related legal and other expense during the complex and somewhat lengthy credit remediation and resolution process.
Merger related expenses associated with the acquisition of MidCarolina totaled $19,000 in 2012 compared to $1,607,000, a decrease of $1,588,000 as virtually all merger related expenses were incurred in 2011.

Other noninterest expense was $9,439,000 in 2012 compared to $7,112,000 in 2011, an increase of $2,327,000 or 32.7%.  The MidCarolina merger resulted in an overall increase in operating expenses. The largest drivers during 2012 included advertising, increased $205,000; consultant fees, increased $269,000; legal expenses, increased $226,000; loan related expenses, increased $405,000.  The increase in consultant fees was mostly related to management of the investment portfolio. The increase in legal expense was almost entirely related to the resolution of a number of problem credits.

2011 compared to 2010

Noninterest expense was $30,000,000 in 2011 compared to $23,379,000 in 2010, an increase of $6,621,000 or 28.3%.

Salaries were $12,409,000 in 2011 compared to $10,063,000 in 2010, an increase of $2,346,000 or 23.3%.

Employee benefits were $2,681,000 in 2011 compared to $2,442,000 in 2010, an increase of $239,000 or 9.8%.

Occupancy and equipment expense were $3,199,000 for 2011 compared to $2,936,000 for 2010, an increase of $263,000 or 9.0%.

FDIC insurance assessment was $651,000 in 2011 compared to $795,000 in 2010, a decrease of $144,000 or 18.1%.

Merger related expenses associated with the acquisition of MidCarolina totaled $1,607,000. There were no comparable expenses in 2010.

Other noninterest expense was $7,112,000 in 2011 compared to $5,341,000 in 2010, an increase of $1,771,000 or 33.2%.

Income Taxes

Income taxes on 2012 earnings amounted to $6,293,000, resulting in an effective tax rate of 28.2%, compared to 29.8% in 2010 and 27.8% in 2010.  The major difference between the statutory rate and the effective rate results from income that is not taxable for federal income tax purposes.  The primary non-taxable income is that of state and municipal securities and industrial revenue bonds or loans.
 
 
30

 
Fair Value Impact to Net Income

The July 2011 merger with MidCarolina has had a material and positive impact on earnings. The following tables present the actual effect of the accretable and amortizable fair value adjustments attributable to the merger on net interest income and pretax income for the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011.
 


             December 31, 2012
(in thousands)
Income Statement Effect
 
Premium/ (Discount) Balance on December 31, 2011
   
For the Year ended
   
Remaining Premium/ (Discount) Balance
 
                           
Interest income/(expense):
                         
Loans
Income
  $ (15,908 )   $ 6,098     $ (9,631 )   (1 )
Accretable portion of loans acquired with deteriorated credit quality
Income
    (1,056 )     2,616       (2,165 )   (2 )
Time deposits
Income
    (110 )     110       -        
Time deposits - brokered
Income
    (694 )     416       (278 )      
FHLB advances
Expense
    131       (22 )     109        
Trust preferred securities
Expense
    2,171       (105 )     2,066        
Net Interest Income
              9,113                
                                 
Non-interest (expense)
                               
Amortization of core deposit intangible
Expense
  $ 5,652       (1,558 )   $ 4,094        
Net non-interest expense
              (1,558 )              
                                 
Change in pretax income
            $ 7,555                
                                 
(1) - Remaining discount balance includes $179,000 in charge-offs against the mark
 
(2) - Remaining discount balance includes $3,725,000 in reclassifications from the non-accretable difference
 

 
31

 
           
December 31, 2011
 
(in thousands)
Income Statement Effect
 
Premium/ (Discount) Balance on July 1, 2011
   
For the year ended
   
Remaining Premium/ (Discount) Balance
 
                           
Interest income/(expense):
                         
Loans
Income
  $ (20,740 )   $ 4,528     $ (15,908 )   (1 )
Accretable portion of loans acquired with deteriorated credit quality
Income
    (1,690 )     634       (1,056 )      
Time deposits
Income
    (176 )     66       (110 )      
Time deposits - brokered
Income
    (902 )     208       (694 )      
FHLB advances
Expense
    142       (11 )     131        
Trust preferred securities
Expense
    2,218       (47 )     2,171        
Net Interest Income
              5,400                
                                 
Non-interest (expense)
                               
Amortization of core deposit intangible
Expense
  $ 6,556       (904 )   $ 5,652        
Net non-interest expense
              (904 )              
                                 
Change in pretax income
            $ 4,496                
                                 
(1) - Remaining discount balance includes $304,000 in charge-offs against the mark
                       

Impact of Inflation and Changing Prices

The majority of assets and liabilities of a financial institution are monetary in nature and therefore differ greatly from most commercial and industrial companies that have significant investments in fixed assets or inventories.  The most significant effect of inflation is on noninterest expenses that tend to rise during periods of inflation.  Changes in interest rates have a greater impact on a financial institution’s profitability than do the effects of higher costs for goods and services.  Through its balance sheet management practices, the Company has the ability to react to those changes and measure and monitor its interest rate and liquidity risk.

Market Risk Management

Effectively managing market risk is essential to achieving the Company’s financial objectives.  Market risk reflects the risk of economic loss resulting from changes in interest rates and market prices.  The Company is generally not subject to currency exchange risk or commodity price risk.  The Company’s primary market risk exposure is interest rate risk; however, market risk also includes liquidity risk.  Both are discussed in the following sections.

Interest Rate Risk Management
 
Interest rate risk and its impact on net interest income is a primary market risk exposure.  The Company manages its exposure to fluctuations in interest rates through policies approved by its Asset Liability Committee (“ALCO”) and Board of Directors, both of which receive and review periodic reports of the Company’s interest rate risk position.
 
 The Company uses computer simulation analysis to measure the sensitivity of projected earnings to changes in interest rates.  Simulation takes into account current balance sheet volumes and the scheduled repricing dates instrument level optionality, and maturities of assets and liabilities.  It incorporates numerous assumptions including growth, changes in the mix of assets and liabilities, prepayments, and average rates earned and paid.  Based on this information, management uses the model to project net interest income under multiple interest rate scenarios.

A balance sheet is considered asset sensitive when its earning assets (loans and securities) reprice faster or to a greater extent than its liabilities (deposits and borrowings).  An asset sensitive balance sheet will produce relatively more net interest income when interest rates rise and less net interest income when they decline.  Based on the Company’s simulation analysis, management believes the Company’s interest sensitivity position at December 31, 2012 is asset sensitive.  Management has no expectation that market interest rates will materially decline in the near term, given the prevailing economy and apparent FRB policy.
 
 
32

 
Earnings Simulation

Table 4 shows the estimated impact of changes in interest rates on net interest income as of December 31, 2012, assuming gradual and parallel changes in interest rates, and consistent levels of assets and liabilities.  Net interest income for the following twelve months is projected to increase when interest rates are higher than current rates.  Due to the current low interest rate environment, no measurement was considered necessary for a further decline in interest rates.

 
Estimated Changes in Net Interest Income
 
(dollars in thousands)
 
             
   
December 31, 2012
 
   
Change in net interest income
 
             
Change in interest rates
 
Amount
   
Percent