10-K 1 d53643e10vk.htm FORM 10-K e10vk
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-K
 
     
(Mark One)    
 
þ
  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the Fiscal Year Ended December 29, 2007
or
o
  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the Transition Period From          to          
 
Commission File Number 001-08634
Temple-Inland Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
 
     
Delaware
  75-1903917
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
1300 MoPac Expressway South, 3rd Floor
Austin, Texas 78746
(Address of principal executive offices, including Zip code)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (512) 434-5800
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
     
Title of Each Class
 
Name of Each Exchange On Which Registered
 
Common Stock, $1.00 Par Value per Share,
non-cumulative
Preferred Share Purchase Rights
  New York Stock Exchange

New York Stock Exchange
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
 
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  Yes o     No þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer þ     Accelerated filer o     Non-accelerated filer o     Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes o     No þ
 
The aggregate market value of the Common Stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant, based on the closing sales price of the Common Stock on the New York Stock Exchange on June 29, 2007, was approximately $5,098,255,000. For purposes of this computation, all officers, directors, and five percent beneficial owners of the registrant (as indicated in Item 12) are deemed to be affiliates. Such determination should not be deemed an admission that such directors, officers, or five percent beneficial owners are, in fact, affiliates of the registrant.
 
As of February 22, 2008, there were 106,274,170 shares of Common Stock outstanding.
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
 
Portions of the Company’s definitive proxy statement to be prepared in connection with the 2008 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this report.
 


 

 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
             
        Page
 
           
  Business     1  
  Risk Factors     8  
  Unresolved Staff Comments     11  
  Properties     11  
  Legal Proceedings     14  
  Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders     15  
           
           
  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities     15  
  Selected Financial Data     17  
  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations     19  
  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk     38  
  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data     39  
  Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure     79  
  Controls and Procedures     79  
  Other Information     79  
           
           
  Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance     80  
  Executive Compensation     80  
  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters     81  
  Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence     81  
  Principal Accounting Fees and Services     81  
           
           
  Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules     81  
       
    85  
 Pulpwood Supply Agreement
 Sawtimber Supply Agreement
 2008 Incentive Plan
 Form of Nonqualified Stock Option Agreement, as Revised in 2008, Issued Pursuant to 2003 Stock Incentive Plan
 Form of Restricted Stock Units Agreement Issued Pursuant to the 2008 Incentive Plan
 Subsidiaries of the Company
 Consent of Ernst & Young LLP
 Certification of CEO Pursuant to Section 302
 Certification of CFO Pursuant to Section 302
 Certification of CEO Pursuant to Section 906
 Certification of CFO Pursuant to Section 906


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PART I
 
Item 1.   Business
 
Introduction
 
Temple-Inland Inc. is a Delaware corporation that was organized in 1983. We manufacture corrugated packaging and building products, which we report as separate operating segments. The following chart presents our corporate structure at year-end 2007. It does not contain all our subsidiaries, many of which are dormant or immaterial entities. A list of our subsidiaries is filed as an exhibit to this Annual Report on Form 10-K. All subsidiaries shown are 100 percent owned by their immediate parent company listed in the chart, unless indicated otherwise.
 
(FLOW CHART)
 
Our principal executive offices are located at 1300 MoPac Expressway South, 3rd Floor, Austin, Texas 78746. Our telephone number is (512) 434-5800.
 
Financial Information
 
Financial information about our principal operating segments and revenues by geographic areas are shown in our notes to financial statements contained in Item 8, and revenues and unit sales by product line are contained in Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Transformation Plan
 
On February 25, 2007, our board of directors unanimously authorized a transformation plan that included the spin-off of our real estate business and our financial services business. The spin-offs were completed on December 28, 2007 through distributions to our stockholders of all of the shares of common stock of Forestar Real Estate Group Inc., which holds all of the assets and liabilities formerly associated with our real estate business, and Guaranty Financial Group Inc., which holds all of the assets and liabilities formerly associated with our financial services business. Our consolidated financial statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K have been reclassified for all periods presented to report Forestar and Guaranty as discontinued operations.
 
As part of the transformation plan, we also sold our strategic timberland on October 31, 2007 for approximately $2.38 billion. The total consideration consisted almost entirely of notes due in 2027, which are


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secured by irrevocable standby letters of credit. In December 2007, we pledged the notes as collateral for nonrecourse loans. The net cash proceeds from the nonrecourse loans, after current taxes and transaction costs, were approximately $1.8 billion. We used these proceeds to pay a special dividend to our shareholders of $10.25 per share and reduce debt by approximately $700 million.
 
Narrative Description of the Business
 
Corrugated Packaging.  Our corrugated packaging segment provided 77.5 percent of our 2007 consolidated net revenues. Our vertically integrated corrugated packaging operation includes:
 
  •  five linerboard mills,
 
  •  one corrugating medium mill, and
 
  •  64 converting facilities.
 
We manufacture containerboard and convert it into a complete line of corrugated packaging. We sold eight percent of the containerboard we produced in 2007 in the domestic and export markets. We converted the remaining internal production, in combination with containerboard we purchased from other producers, into corrugated containers at our converting facilities. While we have the capacity to convert more containerboard than we produce, we routinely buy and sell various grades of containerboard depending on our product mix.
 
Our nationwide network of converting facilities produces a wide range of products from commodity brown boxes to intricate die cut containers that can be printed with multi-color graphics. Even though the corrugated packaging business is characterized by commodity pricing, each order for each customer is a custom order. Our corrugated packaging is sold to a variety of customers in the food, paper, glass containers, chemical, appliance, and plastics industries, among others. We also manufacture bulk containers constructed of multi-wall corrugated board for extra strength, which are used for bulk shipments of various materials.
 
We serve over 9,500 corrugated packaging customers with 17,000 shipping destinations. We have no single customer to which sales equal ten percent or more of consolidated revenues or the loss of which would have a material adverse effect on our corrugated packaging segment.
 
Sales of corrugated packaging track changing population patterns and other demographics. Historically, there has been a correlation between the demand for corrugated packaging and orders for nondurable goods.
 
We also own a 50 percent interest in Premier Boxboard Limited LLC, a joint venture that produces light-weight gypsum facing paper and corrugating medium at a mill in Newport, Indiana.
 
Building Products.  Our building products segment provided 20.5 percent of our 2007 consolidated net revenues. We manufacture a wide range of building products, including:
 
  •  lumber,
 
  •  gypsum wallboard,
 
  •  particleboard,
 
  •  medium density fiberboard (or MDF), and
 
  •  fiberboard.
 
We sell building products throughout the continental United States, with the majority of sales occurring in the southern United States. We have no single customer to which sales equal ten percent or more of consolidated revenues or the loss of which would have a material adverse effect on our building products segment. Most of our products are sold by account managers and representatives to distributors, retailers, and original equipment manufacturers. Sales of building products are heavily dependent upon the level of residential housing expenditures, including the repair and remodeling market.


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We also own a 50 percent interest in Del-Tin Fiber LLC, a joint venture that produces MDF at a facility in El Dorado, Arkansas.
 
Raw Materials
 
Wood fiber, in various forms, is the principal raw material we use in manufacturing our products. In October 2007, in conjunction with our transformation plan, we sold our 1.5 million acres of strategic timberland and entered into long-term fiber supply agreements with the purchaser. During 2007, owned timberland supplied approximately 41 percent of our virgin wood fiber requirements. The balance of our virgin wood fiber requirements was purchased from numerous landowners and other timber owners, as well as other producers of wood by-products. In 2008, we currently expect that we will purchase at market prices approximately 50 percent of our wood fiber requirements under our long-term fiber supply agreements, the most significant of which were entered into in connection with our timberland sale. The remainder of our virgin wood fiber requirements will be purchased at market prices from numerous landowners and other timber owners, as well as other producers of wood by-products.
 
Linerboard and corrugating medium are the principal materials used to make corrugated boxes. Our mills at Rome, Georgia and Bogalusa, Louisiana, only manufacture linerboard. Our Ontario, California; Maysville, Kentucky; and Orange, Texas, mills are traditionally linerboard mills, but can also manufacture corrugating medium. Our New Johnsonville, Tennessee, mill only manufactures corrugating medium. The principal raw material used by the Rome, Georgia; Orange, Texas; and Bogalusa, Louisiana, mills is virgin wood fiber, but each mill is also able to use recycled fiber for up to 15 percent of its wood fiber requirements. The Ontario, California, and Maysville, Kentucky, mills use only recycled fiber. The mill at New Johnsonville, Tennessee, uses a combination of virgin wood and recycled fiber.
 
In 2007, recycled fiber represented approximately 36 percent of the total wood fiber needs of our containerboard operations. We purchase recycled fiber at market prices on the open market from numerous suppliers. We generally produce more linerboard and less corrugating medium than is used by our converting facilities. The deficit of corrugating medium is filled through open market purchases and/or trades, and we sell any excess linerboard in the open market.
 
We obtain gypsum for our wallboard operations in Fletcher, Oklahoma, from one outside source through a long-term purchase contract at market prices. At our gypsum wallboard plants in West Memphis, Arkansas, and Cumberland City, Tennessee, synthetic gypsum is used as a raw material. Synthetic gypsum is a by-product of coal-burning electrical power plants. We have a long-term supply agreement for synthetic gypsum produced at a Tennessee Valley Authority electrical plant located adjacent to our Cumberland City plant. Synthetic gypsum acquired pursuant to this agreement supplies all the synthetic gypsum required by our Cumberland City and West Memphis plants. In 2007, our gypsum wallboard plant in McQueeney, Texas, primarily used gypsum obtained from its own quarry and gypsum acquired from the same source that supplies the Fletcher, Oklahoma, plant. In 2008, we expect the McQueeney plant will use synthetic gypsum and gypsum from our quarry.
 
We believe the sources outlined above will be sufficient to supply our raw material needs for the foreseeable future. We hedge very little of our raw material costs. The wood fiber market is difficult to predict and there can be no assurance of the future direction of prices for virgin wood or recycled fiber. Future increases in wood fiber prices could adversely affect our results of operations.
 
Energy
 
Electricity and steam requirements at our manufacturing facilities are either supplied by a local utility or generated internally through the use of a variety of fuels, including natural gas, fuel oil, coal, petroleum coke, tire derived fuel, wood bark, and other waste products resulting from the manufacturing process. By utilizing these waste products and other wood by-products as a biomass fuel to generate electricity and steam, we were able to generate approximately 84 percent of our energy requirements in 2007 at our mills in Rome, Georgia; Bogalusa, Louisiana; and Orange, Texas. In some cases where natural gas or fuel oil is used, our facilities possess a dual capacity enabling the use of either fuel as a source of energy.


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The natural gas needed to run our natural gas fueled power boilers, package boilers, and turbines is acquired pursuant to a multiple vendor solicitation process that provides for the purchase of gas, primarily on a firm basis with a few operations on an interruptible basis, at rates favorable to spot market rates. It is likely that prices of natural gas will continue to fluctuate in the future. We hedge very little of our energy costs.
 
Employees
 
We have approximately 12,000 employees, of which approximately 5,000 are covered by collective bargaining agreements. These agreements generally run for a term of three to six years and have varying expiration dates. The following table summarizes certain information about our principal collective bargaining agreements:
 
             
        Approximate Number of
   
Location
 
Bargaining Unit(s)
 
Employees Covered
 
Expiration Dates
 
Linerboard Mill, Orange, Texas
  United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers International Union (or USW), Local 1398, and USW, Local 391   202 hourly production employees and 79 hourly maintenance employees   July 31, 2008
Linerboard Mill, Bogalusa, Louisiana
  USW, Local 189, and International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (or IBEW), Local 1077   338 hourly production employees and 26 electrical maintenance employees   July 31, 2009
Linerboard Mill, Rome, Georgia
  USW, Local 804, IBEW, Local 613, United Association of Journeymen & Apprentices of the Plumbing & Pipefitting Industry Local 72, and International Association of Machinists & Aerospace Workers, Local 414   247 hourly production employees, 28 electrical maintenance employees, 25 pipefitter maintenance employees, and 63 mechanical maintenance employees   August 31, 2010
Evansville, Indiana and Middletown, Ohio, Box Plants (or Northern Multiple)
  USW, Local 1046 and USW, Local 114, respectively   94 and 100 hourly production and maintenance employees, respectively   April 30, 2008
Rome, Georgia and Orlando, Florida, Box Plants (or Southern Multiple)
  USW Local 838 and USW Local 834, respectively   112 and 101 hourly production and maintenance employees, respectively   December 1, 2008
 
We have additional collective bargaining agreements with employees at various other manufacturing facilities. These agreements each cover a relatively small number of employees and are negotiated on an individual basis at each such facility.
 
We consider our relations with our employees to be good.
 
Environmental Protection
 
We are committed to protecting the health and welfare of our employees, the public, and the environment and strive to maintain compliance with all state and federal environmental regulations in a manner that is also


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cost effective. When we construct new facilities or modernize existing facilities, we generally use state of the art technology for air and water emissions. This forward-looking approach is intended to minimize the effect that changing regulations have on capital expenditures for environmental compliance.
 
Our operations are subject to federal, state, and local provisions regulating discharges into the environment and otherwise related to the protection of the environment. Compliance with these provisions, primarily the Federal Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 (or CERCLA), as amended by the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (or SARA), and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (or RCRA), requires us to invest substantial funds to modify facilities to assure compliance with applicable environmental regulations. Capital expenditures directly related to environmental compliance totaled $12 million in 2007. This amount does not include capital expenditures for environmental control facilities made as a part of major mill modernizations and expansions or capital expenditures made for another purpose that have an indirect benefit on environmental compliance.
 
Future expenditures for environmental control facilities will depend on new laws and regulations and other changes in legal requirements and agency interpretations thereof, as well as technological advances. We expect the prominence of environmental regulation and compliance to continue for the foreseeable future. Given these uncertainties, we currently estimate that capital expenditures for environmental purposes, excluding expenditures related to the Maximum Achievable Control Technology (or MACT) programs and landfill closures discussed below, will be $9 million in 2008, $16 million in 2009, and $9 million in 2010. The estimated expenditures could be significantly higher if more stringent laws and regulations are implemented.
 
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (or EPA) has issued extensive regulations governing air and water emissions from the forest products industry. Compliance with these MACT regulations will be required as they become enacted.
 
On September 13, 2004, EPA published the Boiler MACT, regulations affecting industrial boilers and process heaters burning all fuel types with the exception of small gas-fired units. On July 30, 2007, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit remanded and vacated the Boiler MACT. In order to accurately gauge our liability regarding future related regulations, we continue to monitor and are actively engaged in the process the EPA is undertaking to develop new standards for industrial boilers and process heaters.
 
The Plywood and Composite Wood Panel (or PCWP) MACT standards were published July 30, 2004. Compliance with PCWP MACT was required by October 1, 2008. On June 19, 2007, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit rejected the PCWP MACT “low risk option” and the one-year compliance extension previously granted by EPA. As a result, the PCWP MACT compliance date reverted back to the October 1, 2007 deadline contained in the standards published in 2004. We have 12 building products facilities affected by the regulation. In a limited number of cases, one year extension requests were submitted to state regulatory agencies to allow for installation of appropriate PCWP MACT pollution control equipment. All of our extension requests were granted and we anticipate full compliance. Capital expenditures to comply with PCWP MACT are estimated at $6 million, of which we spent $2 million in 2007.
 
We use company-owned landfills for disposal of non-hazardous waste at three containerboard mills and two building products facilities. We also have two additional sites that we are remediating. Based on third-party cost estimates, we expect to spend, on an undiscounted basis, $27 million over the next 25 years to ensure proper closure of these landfills and remediation of these two additional sites for which we have established a reserve.
 
At one of these sites, we continue to work with environmental consultants and the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) to remediate the source of contaminated water discovered in a manhole adjacent to our facility in Bogalusa, Louisiana. Phase II of the investigation process, which involved drilling more and deeper test wells in the affected area, is complete. Our investigation report, including a final remediation plan, was approved by the Louisiana DEQ in December 2007. We have incurred $2 million in costs to date and estimate that we will incur additional remediation expenses of about $10 million, for which we have established a reserve.


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In addition to these capital expenditures, we spend a significant amount on ongoing maintenance costs to continue compliance with environmental regulations. We do not believe, however, that these capital expenditures or maintenance costs will have a material adverse effect on our earnings. In addition, expenditures for environmental compliance should not have a material effect on our competitive position because our competitors are also subject to these regulations.
 
Our facilities are periodically inspected by environmental authorities. We are required to file with these authorities periodic reports on the discharge of pollutants. Occasionally, one or more of these facilities may operate in violation of applicable pollution control standards, which could subject the company to fines or penalties. We believe that any fines or penalties that may be imposed as a result of these violations will not have a material adverse effect on our earnings or competitive position. No assurance can be given, however, that any fines levied in the future for any such violations will not be material.
 
Under CERCLA, liability for the cleanup of a Superfund site may be imposed on waste generators, site owners and operators, and others regardless of fault or the legality of the original waste disposal activity. While joint and several liability is authorized under CERCLA, as a practical matter, the cost of cleanup is generally allocated among the many waste generators. We are named as a potentially responsible party in five proceedings relating to the cleanup of hazardous waste sites under CERCLA and similar state laws, excluding sites for which our records disclose no involvement or for which our potential liability has been finally determined. In all but one of these sites, we are either designated as a de minimus potentially responsible party or believe our financial exposure is insignificant. We have conducted investigations of all five sites, and currently estimate that the remediation costs to be allocated to us are about $2 million and should not have a material effect on our earnings or competitive position. There can be no assurance that we will not be named as a potentially responsible party at additional Superfund sites in the future or that the costs associated with the remediation of those sites would not be material.
 
Competition
 
We operate in highly competitive industries. The commodity nature of our manufactured products gives us little control over market pricing or market demand for our products. The level of competition in a given product or market may be affected by economic factors, including interest rates, housing starts, home repair and remodeling activities, and the strength of the dollar, as well as other market factors including supply and demand for these products, geographic location, and the operating efficiencies of competitors. Our competitive position is influenced by varying factors depending on the characteristics of the products involved. The primary factors are product quality and performance, price, service, and product innovation.
 
The corrugated packaging industry is highly competitive with over 1,350 box plants in the United States. Our box plants accounted for approximately 12.5 percent of total industry shipments in 2007, making us the third largest producer of corrugated packaging in the United States. Although corrugated packaging is dominant in the national distribution process, our products also compete with various other packaging materials, including products made of paper, plastics, wood, and metals.
 
In building products markets, we compete with many companies that are substantially larger and have greater resources in the manufacturing of building products.


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Executive Officers of the Registrant
 
The names, ages, and titles of our executive officers are:
 
             
Name
 
Age
 
Office
 
Doyle R. Simons
    44     Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer
J. Patrick Maley III
    46     President and Chief Operating Officer
Bart J. Doney
    58     Group Vice President
Jack C. Sweeny
    61     Group Vice President
Dennis J. Vesci
    60     Group Vice President
Grant F. Adamson
    49     Chief Governance Officer
J. Bradley Johnston
    52     Chief Administrative Officer
Randall D. Levy
    56     Chief Financial Officer
Scott Smith
    53     Chief Information Officer
Leslie K. O’Neal
    52     Vice President, Assistant General Counsel and Secretary
Carolyn C. Sloan
    47     Vice President, Internal Audit
C. Morris Davis
    65     General Counsel
Troy L. Hester
    51     Principal Accounting Officer and Corporate Controller
David W. Turpin
    57     Treasurer
 
Doyle R. Simons became Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer on December 29, 2007. He was previously named Executive Vice President in February 2005 following his service as Chief Administrative Officer since November 2003. Since joining the Company in 1992, Mr. Simons has served as Vice President, Administration from November 2000 to November 2003 and Director of Investor Relations from 1994 through 2000.
 
J. Patrick Maley III became President and Chief Operating Officer on December 29, 2007. He was previously named Executive Vice President — Paper in November 2004 following his appointment as Group Vice President in May 2003. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Maley served in various capacities from 1992 to 2003 at International Paper.
 
Bart J. Doney became Group Vice President in February 2000. Mr. Doney has served as an officer of our corrugated packaging segment since 1990.
 
Jack C. Sweeny became Group Vice President in May 1996. Since November 1982, Mr. Sweeny has served in various capacities in our building products segment.
 
Dennis J. Vesci became Group Vice President in August 2005. Mr. Vesci has served as an officer of our corrugated packaging segment since 1998.
 
Grant F. Adamson became Chief Governance Officer in May 2006. Mr. Adamson joined the Company in 1991 and has served in various capacities including Assistant General Counsel.
 
J. Bradley Johnston became Chief Administrative Officer in February 2005. Prior to that, Mr. Johnston served as General Counsel from August 2002 through May 2006 and in various capacities in our former financial services segment since 1993.
 
Randall D. Levy became Chief Financial Officer in May 1999. Mr. Levy joined the Company in 1989 serving in various capacities in our former financial services segment before being named Chief Financial Officer.
 
Scott Smith became Chief Information Officer in February 2000. Prior to that, Mr. Smith served in various capacities within our former financial services segment since 1988.
 
Leslie K. O’Neal was named Vice President in August 2002 and became Secretary in February 2000 after serving as Assistant Secretary since 1995. Ms. O’Neal also serves as Assistant General Counsel, a position she has held since 1985.


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Carolyn C. Sloan was named Vice President, Internal Audit, in August 2005. Ms. Sloan joined the Company in 2001 as Director, Internal Audit.
 
C. Morris Davis became General Counsel in May 2006. Mr. Davis joined Temple-Inland after 39 years with the law firm of McGinnis, Lochridge & Kilgore in Austin, where he served seven years as the firm’s managing partner.
 
Troy L. Hester was named Principal Accounting Officer in August 2006. Mr. Hester has been with Temple-Inland since 1999 and has served in various capacities including Controller-Financial Services, Vice President Accounting Center, and was named Corporate Controller in May 2006.
 
David W. Turpin has served as Treasurer since joining the Company in June 1991.
 
The Board of Directors annually elects officers to serve until their successors have been elected and have qualified or as otherwise provided in our Bylaws.
 
Available Information
 
From our Internet website, http://www.templeinland.com, you may obtain additional information about us including:
 
  •  our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, including amendments to these reports, and other documents as soon as reasonably practicable after we file them with the Securities and Exchange Commission (or SEC);
 
  •  beneficial ownership reports filed by officers, directors, and principal security holders under Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (or the Exchange Act); and
 
  •  corporate governance information that includes our
 
  •  corporate governance principles,
 
  •  audit committee charter,
 
  •  management development and executive compensation committee charter,
 
  •  nominating and governance committee charter,
 
  •  standards of business conduct and ethics,
 
  •  code of ethics for senior financial officers, and
 
  •  information on how to communicate directly with our board of directors.
 
We will also provide printed copies of any of these documents to any shareholder upon request. In addition, the materials we file with the SEC may be read and copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, DC 20549. Information about the operation of the Public Reference Room is available by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC also maintains an Internet site (http://www.sec.gov) that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information that is filed electronically with the SEC.
 
Item 1A.   Risk Factors
 
The business segments in which we operate are highly competitive.
 
The business segments in which we operate are highly competitive and are affected to varying degrees by supply and demand factors and economic conditions, including changes in interest rates, new housing starts, home repair and remodeling activities, and the strength of the U.S. dollar. Given the commodity nature of our manufactured products, we have little control over market pricing or market demand. No single company is dominant in any of our industries.


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Our corrugated packaging competitors include large, vertically-integrated paperboard and packaging products companies and numerous smaller companies. Because these products are globally traded commodities, the industries in which we compete are particularly sensitive to price fluctuations as well as other factors, including innovation, design, quality, and service, with varying emphasis on these factors depending on the product line. To the extent that one or more of our competitors become more successful with respect to any key competitive factor, our business could be materially adversely affected. Although corrugated packaging is dominant in the national distribution process, our products also compete with various other packaging materials, including products made of paper, plastics, wood, and various types of metal.
 
In the building products markets, we compete with many companies that are substantially larger and have greater resources in the manufacturing of building products.
 
The profitability of our business is affected by changes in raw material and other costs.
 
Virgin wood fiber and recycled fiber are the principal raw materials we use to manufacture corrugated packaging and certain of our building products. We purchase virgin wood fiber in highly competitive, price sensitive markets. The price for wood fiber has historically fluctuated on a cyclical basis and has often depended on a variety of factors over which we have no control, including environmental and conservation regulations, natural disasters, the price and level of imported timber and the continuation of any applicable tariffs, and weather. In addition, the increase in demand for old corrugated containers, especially from China, may cause a significant increase in the cost of recycled fiber used in the manufacture of recycled containerboard and related products. Such costs are likely to continue to fluctuate. While we have not experienced any significant difficulty in obtaining virgin wood fiber and recycled fiber in economic proximity to our facilities, this may not continue to be the case for any or all of our facilities.
 
Our profitability is also sensitive to changes in the prices of energy and transportation. While we have attempted to contain energy costs through internal generation and in some instances the use of by-products from our manufacturing processes as fuel, no assurance can be given that such efforts will be successful in the future or that energy prices will not rise to levels that would have a material adverse effect on our results of operations. We hedge very little of our energy needs.
 
The corrugated packaging and building products industries are cyclical in nature and experience periods of overcapacity.
 
The operating results of our corrugated packaging and building products segments reflect each such industry’s general cyclical pattern. While the cycles of each industry do not historically coincide, demand and prices in each tend to drop substantially in an economic downturn. The building products industry is further influenced by the residential construction and remodeling markets. Further, each industry periodically experiences substantial overcapacity. Both industries are capital intensive, which leads to high fixed costs and generally results in continued production as long as prices are sufficient to cover marginal costs. These conditions have contributed to substantial price competition and volatility in these industries, even when demand is strong. Any increased production by our competitors could depress prices for our products. From time to time, we have closed certain of our facilities or have taken downtime based on prevailing market demand for our products and may continue to do so, reducing our total production levels. Certain of our competitors have also temporarily closed or reduced production at their facilities, but can reopen and/or increase production capacity at any time, which could exacerbate the overcapacity in these industries and depress prices.
 
Our manufacturing activities are subject to environmental regulations and liabilities that could have a negative effect on our operating results.
 
Our manufacturing operations are subject to federal, state, and local provisions regulating the discharge of materials into the environment and otherwise related to the protection of the environment. Compliance with these provisions has required us to invest substantial funds to modify facilities to ensure compliance with applicable environmental regulations. In other sections of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, we provide


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certain estimates of expenditures we expect to make for environmental compliance in the next few years. However, we could incur additional significant expenditures due to changes in law or the discovery of new information, and such expenditures could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, cash flows, and results of operations.
 
Downward changes in demand for housing in the market regions where we operate could decrease profitability in our building products segment.
 
The residential homebuilding industry is sensitive to changes in economic conditions, including interest rates and availability of financing. Adverse changes in these conditions generally, or in the market regions where we operate, could decrease demand for new homes in these areas. Decline in housing demand could have a negative effect on the pricing and demand for many of our building products, particularly lumber and gypsum wallboard, which could result in a decrease in our revenues and earnings.
 
If certain internal restructuring transactions and the distributions of Forestar and Guaranty are determined to be taxable for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we and our stockholders that are subject to U.S. federal income tax could incur significant U.S. federal income tax liabilities.
 
We entered into certain internal restructuring transactions in preparation for the spin-offs of Forestar and Guaranty. These transactions are complex and could cause us to incur significant tax liabilities. We received a private letter ruling from the IRS and opinions of tax counsel regarding the tax-free nature of these transactions and the distributions. The ruling and opinions rely on certain facts, assumptions, representations, and undertakings, from us regarding the past and future conduct of our businesses and other matters. If any of these are incorrect or not otherwise satisfied, then we and our stockholders may not be able to rely on the ruling or opinions and could be subject to significant tax liabilities. Notwithstanding the ruling and opinions, the IRS could determine on audit that the distributions or the internal restructuring transactions should be treated as taxable transactions if it determines that any of these facts, assumptions, representations, or undertakings are not correct or have been violated, or if the distributions should become taxable for other reasons, including as a result of significant changes in stock ownership after the distribution.
 
If the sale of our strategic timberland did not qualify for installment method reporting for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we could incur significant U.S. federal income tax liabilities the payment of which we believe to be deferred.
 
We sold our strategic timberland in a manner intended for U.S. federal income tax purposes to defer recognition of a substantial portion of the gain on the sale. Under the installment method, we will not be required to pay U.S. federal income taxes on the deferred gain until we are required to recognize the gain. We received opinions of tax counsel regarding the timberland sale and the deferred gain. The opinions rely on certain facts, assumptions, representations, and undertakings from us regarding the past and future conduct of our businesses and other matters. If any of these are incorrect or not otherwise satisfied, then we may not be able to rely on the opinions. Notwithstanding the opinions, the IRS could determine on audit that the gain does not qualify for deferral if it determines that any of these facts, assumptions, representations, or undertakings are not correct or have been violated or that the transaction otherwise does not qualify for the installment method.
 
We have interest rate risk in connection with our financial assets and nonrecourse financial liabilities of special purpose entities.
 
In October 2007, we received $2.38 billion in notes due in 2027 from the sale of our timberland, which we later contributed to two wholly-owned, bankruptcy-remote special purpose entities. In December 2007, the special purpose entities pledged the notes as collateral for $2.14 billion nonrecourse loans payable in 2027. Both the notes and the borrowings require quarterly interest payments based on variable interest rates that reset quarterly. Because of the differences in references rates, margins, and reset dates, there could be periods in which the interest paid on the nonrecourse financial liabilities is significantly more than the interested received on the financial assets.


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Item 1B.   Unresolved Staff Comments
 
None.
 
Item 2.   Properties
 
We own and operate manufacturing facilities throughout the United States, four converting plants in Mexico, and one in Puerto Rico. We believe our manufacturing facilities are suitable for their purposes and adequate for our business. Additional information about selected facilities by business segment follows:
 
Containerboard Mills
 
                             
        Number of
    Annual
    2007
 
Location
 
Product
 
Machines
   
Capacity
   
Production
 
              (In tons)  
 
Ontario, California
  Linerboard and corrugating medium     1       336,000       334,479  
Rome, Georgia
  Linerboard     2       837,000       834,069  
Orange, Texas
  Linerboard and corrugating medium     2       730,000       725,546  
Bogalusa, Louisiana
  Linerboard     2       915,000       916,021  
Maysville, Kentucky
  Linerboard and corrugating medium     1       454,000       455,102  
New Johnsonville, Tennessee
  Corrugating medium     1       348,000       349,706  
                             
                  3,620,000       3,614,923  
Newport, Indiana*
  Corrugating medium, linerboard,     1       308,000       300,882  
    and gypsum facing paper                        
 
 
* The table shows the full capacity of this facility that is owned by a joint venture in which we own a 50 percent interest. In 2007, we purchased 52,788 tons of corrugating medium and linerboard and 42,136 tons of gypsum facing paper from the venture.
 
Converting Facilities*
 
     
    Corrugator
Location
  Size
 
Phoenix, Arizona
  98²
Fort Smith, Arkansas
  87²
Fort Smith, Arkansas(1)***
  None
Bell, California
  98²
Buena Park, California(1)
  85²
El Centro, California(1)
  87²
Gilroy, California(1)
  87²
Gilroy, California(1)***
  98²
Ontario, California
  87²
Santa Fe Springs, California
  98²
Santa Fe Springs, California(1)**
  87² and 85²
Santa Fe Springs, California(1)***
  None
Tracy, California
  110²
Union City, California(1)***
  None
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
  87²
Orlando, Florida
  98²
Tampa, Florida(1)
  78²
Rome, Georgia
  98²
Carol Stream, Illinois
  87²
Chicago, Illinois
  87²


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    Corrugator
Location
  Size
 
Chicago, Illinois(1)***
  None
Elgin, Illinois
  78²
Elgin, Illinois***
  None
Crawfordsville, Indiana
  98²
Evansville, Indiana
  98²
Indianapolis, Indiana
  87²
Indianapolis, Indiana***
  None
St. Anthony, Indiana***
  None
Tipton, Indiana***
  110²
Garden City, Kansas
  98²
Kansas City, Kansas
  87²
Bogalusa, Louisiana
  98²
Minden, Louisiana
  98²
Minneapolis, Minnesota
  87²
St. Louis, Missouri
  87²
St. Louis, Missouri***
  98²
Milltown, New Jersey(1)***
  None
Spotswood, New Jersey
  98²
Binghamton, New York
  87²
Buffalo, New York***
  None
Scotia, New York***
  None
Utica, New York***
  None
Warren County, North Carolina
  98²
Madison, Ohio***
  None
Marion, Ohio
  87²
Middletown, Ohio
  98²
Streetsboro, Ohio
  98²
Biglerville, Pennsylvania
  98²
Hazleton, Pennsylvania
  98²
Littlestown, Pennsylvania***
  None
Scranton, Pennsylvania
  68²
Vega Alta, Puerto Rico
  87²
Lexington, South Carolina
  98²
Ashland City, Tennessee(1)***
  None
Elizabethton, Tennessee(1)***
  None
Dallas, Texas
  98²
Edinburg, Texas
  87²
San Antonio, Texas
  98²
San Antonio, Texas***
  98²
Petersburg, Virginia
  87²
San Jose Iturbide, Mexico
  98²
Monterrey, Mexico
  87²
Los Mochis, Sinaloa, Mexico
  87²
Guadalajara, Mexico(1)***
  None

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The annual capacity of the converting facilities is a function of the product mix, customer requirements and the type of converting equipment installed and operating at each plant, each of which varies from time to time.
 
** These plants each contain more than one corrugator.
 
*** Sheet or sheet feeder plants.
 
(1) Leased facilities.
 
Additionally, we own a graphics resource center in Indianapolis, Indiana, that has a 100” preprint press. We lease 37 warehouses located throughout much of the United States.
 
Building Products
 
             
        Rated Annual
 
Description
 
Location
  Capacity  
        (In millions of
 
        board feet)  
 
Lumber
  Diboll, Texas     199 *
Lumber
  Pineland, Texas     310 **
Lumber
  Buna, Texas     198  
Lumber
  Rome, Georgia     165  
Lumber
  DeQuincy, Louisiana     198  
             
Total lumber
        1,070  
             
 
 
* Includes separate finger jointing capacity of 20 million board feet.
 
** Includes separate stud mill capacity of 110 million board feet.
 
             
        Rated Annual
 
Description
 
Location
  Capacity  
        (In millions of
 
        square feet)  
 
Gypsum Wallboard
  West Memphis, Arkansas     440  
Gypsum Wallboard
  Fletcher, Oklahoma     460  
Gypsum Wallboard
  McQueeney, Texas     400  
Gypsum Wallboard
  Cumberland City, Tennessee     800  
             
Total gypsum wallboard
        2,100  
             
Particleboard
  Monroeville, Alabama     160  
Particleboard
  Thomson, Georgia     160  
Particleboard
  Diboll, Texas     160  
Particleboard
  Hope, Arkansas     200  
Particleboard(1)(2)
  Mt. Jewett, Pennsylvania     200  
             
Total particleboard
        880  
             
MDF*
  El Dorado, Arkansas     160  
MDF(1)
  Mt. Jewett, Pennsylvania     140  
             
Total MDF
        300  
             
Fiberboard
  Diboll, Texas     460  
             
 
 
* The table shows the full capacity of this facility that is owned by a joint venture in which we own a 50 percent interest.
 
(1) Leased facilities.
 
(2) Due to market conditions, we curtailed production at this facility beginning in 2003 and made the decision in 2007 to cease production permanently.


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Other
 
We occupy approximately 190,000 square feet of leased office space in Austin, Texas. We own and occupy a 150,000 square feet office building in Diboll, Texas.
 
At year-end 2007, property and equipment having a net book value of $2 million were subject to liens in connection with $14 million of debt.
 
Item 3.   Legal Proceedings
 
General
 
We are involved in various legal proceedings that arise from time to time in the ordinary course of doing business. We believe that adequate reserves have been established for any probable losses and that the outcome of any of these proceedings should not have a material adverse effect on our financial position or long-term results of operations or cash flows. It is possible, however, that charges related to these matters could be significant to results of operations or cash flows in any single accounting period. A summary of our more significant legal matters is set forth below.
 
Antitrust Litigation
 
On May 14, 1999, we and eight other linerboard manufacturers were named as defendants in a consolidated class action complaint that alleged a civil violation of Section 1 of the Sherman Act. In addition, complaints containing allegations similar to those in the class action were filed by certain opt-out plaintiffs. Over the last several years, we have paid a total of $13 million to settle the class action and a majority of the opt-out claims. In December 2007, we agreed to participate in binding arbitration in an effort to resolve most of the remaining claims. As a result of the arbitration, we paid $48 million on the claims submitted to arbitration and to settle all remaining opt-out claims in the federal litigation.
 
One related Kansas state court claim for approximately $26 million in statutory damages, which could be trebled under applicable state law, is still pending against us.
 
Bogalusa Litigation
 
On October 15, 2003, a release of nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxide took place at our linerboard mill in Bogalusa, Louisiana. The mill followed appropriate protocols for handling this type of event, notifying the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and local law enforcement officials. The federal and state environmental agencies have analyzed the reports we prepared and have not indicated that they will take any action against us.
 
To date, we have been served with 11 lawsuits seeking damages for various personal injuries allegedly caused by either exposure to the released gas or fears of exposure. These 11 lawsuits have been consolidated under Louisiana state rules for purpose of discovery and are set for trial in third quarter 2008. We are vigorously defending against these allegations.
 
Asbestos
 
We are a defendant in various lawsuits involving alleged workplace exposure to asbestos. These cases involve exposure to asbestos in premises owned or operated by us. We do not manufacture any products that contain asbestos and all our cases in this area are limited to workplace exposure claims. Historically, our aggregate annual settlements related to asbestos claims have been approximately $1 million. The number of claims has remained relatively constant in the past few years despite the fact that the majority of the claims relate to a facility we sold at the end of 1999.
 
Other
 
We are also defending two cases in California state court alleging violations of that state’s on-duty meal break laws. In 2007, we settled three additional meal break cases.


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Item 4.   Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders
 
We did not submit any matter to a vote of our shareholders in fourth quarter 2007.
 
PART II
 
Item 5.   Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
Market Information
 
Our Common Stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange. The high and low sales prices for our Common Stock and dividends paid in each fiscal quarter in the two most recent fiscal years were:
 
                                                 
    2007     2006  
    Price Range           Price Range        
    High     Low     Dividends     High     Low     Dividends  
 
First Quarter
  $ 63.61     $ 44.29     $ 0.28     $ 47.92     $ 40.83     $ 0.25  
Second Quarter
  $ 64.45     $ 59.00     $ 0.28     $ 47.68     $ 38.12     $ 0.25  
Third Quarter
  $ 66.28     $ 49.17     $ 0.28     $ 45.48     $ 39.78     $ 0.25  
Fourth Quarter*
  $ 57.51     $ 29.09     $ 10.53     $ 46.71     $ 37.84     $ 0.25  
For the Year
  $ 66.28     $ 29.09     $ 11.37     $ 47.92     $ 37.84     $ 1.00  
 
 
* Includes a special dividend of $10.25 per share paid in December 2007.
 
Shareholders
 
Our stock transfer records indicated that as of February 22, 2008, there were approximately 4,750 holders of record of our Common Stock.
 
Dividend Policy
 
As indicated above, we paid quarterly dividends during each of the two most recent years in the amounts shown. In addition to our regular quarterly dividend, we paid a special dividend of $10.25 per share in December 2007 as part of our transformation plan. On February 1, 2008, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend on our Common Stock of $0.10 per share payable on March 14, 2008, to shareholders of record on February 29, 2008. The Board periodically reviews the dividend policy, and the declaration of dividends will necessarily depend upon our earnings and financial requirements and other factors within the discretion of the Board.
 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities(1)
 
                                 
                      Maximum
 
                Total Number
    Number of
 
                of Shares
    Shares That
 
                Purchased as
    May Yet be
 
    Total
    Average
    Part of Publicly
    Purchased
 
    Number of
    Price
    Announced
    Under the
 
    Shares
    Paid per
    Plans or
    Plans
 
Period
  Purchased     Share     Programs     or Programs  
 
Month 1 (10/1/2007 — 10/31/2007)
        $             6,650,000  
Month 2 (11/1/2007 — 11/30/2007)
        $             6,650,000  
Month 3 (12/1/2007 — 12/31/2007)
        $             6,650,000  
                                 
Total
        $                
                                 
 
 
(1) On August 4, 2006, we announced that our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to 6,000,000 shares of our common stock. We have purchased 4,350,000 shares under this authorization, which has no expiration date. On February 2, 2007, we announced that our Board of Directors authorized the


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purchase of up to an additional 5,000,000 shares of our common stock, increasing the maximum number of shares yet to be purchased under our repurchase plans to 6,650,000 shares. We have no plans or programs that expired during the period covered by the table above and no plans or programs that we intend to terminate prior to expiration or under which we no longer intend to make further purchases.
 
Performance Graph
 
We composed an index of our peers consisting of AbitibiBowater Inc., Caraustar Industries, Inc., Domtar Corporation, International Paper Company, MeadWestvaco Corporation, Packaging Corporation of America, Smurfit-Stone Container Corporation, and Weyerhaeuser Corporation (Peer Index). During the five preceding years, our cumulative total stockholder return compared to the Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Index and to the Peer Index was as shown in the following table:
 
 
Assumes $100 invested on the last trading day in fiscal year 2002
*Total return assumes reinvestment of dividends
 
Other
 
See Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters for disclosure regarding securities authorized for issuance under equity compensation plans.


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Item 6.   Selected Financial Data
 
                                         
    For the Year  
    2007     2006(a)     2005     2004     2003(b)  
    (Dollars in millions, except per share)  
 
Revenues:
                                       
Corrugated packaging
  $ 3,044     $ 2,977     $ 2,825     $ 2,736     $ 2,700  
Building products
    806       1,119       898       851       684  
Timber and timberland
    76       89       120       107       108  
                                         
Total revenues
  $ 3,926     $ 4,185     $ 3,843     $ 3,694     $ 3,492  
                                         
Segment operating income:
                                       
Corrugated packaging
  $ 287     $ 255     $ 120     $ 96     $ 18  
Building products
    8       221       125       129       2  
Timber and timberland
    65       63       72       52       42  
                                         
Segment operating income
    360       539       317       277       62  
Items not allocated to segments:
                                       
General and administrative
    (100 )     (107 )     (91 )     (79 )     (73 )
Share-based compensation
    (34 )     (38 )     (21 )     (12 )     (6 )
Gain on sale of timberland
    2,053                          
Other operating income (expense)(c)
    (188 )     26       (85 )     (42 )     (133 )
Other non-operating income (expense)(c)
    (35 )     93                   (8 )
Net interest income on financial assets and nonrecourse financial liabilities of special purpose entities(d)
    10                          
Interest expense on debt
    (111 )     (123 )     (109 )     (125 )     (135 )
                                         
Income (loss) before taxes
    1,955       390       11       19       (293 )
Income tax (expense) benefit(e)
    (753 )     (103 )     7       8       264  
                                         
Income from continuing operations
    1,202       287       18       27       (29 )
Discontinued operations(f)
    103       181       158       133       131  
Effect of accounting change(g)
                            (1 )
                                         
Net income
  $ 1,305     $ 468     $ 176     $ 160     $ 101  
                                         
Diluted earnings per share:
                                       
Income from continuing operations
  $ 11.12     $ 2.59     $ 0.16     $ 0.24     $ (0.27 )
Discontinued operations(f)
    0.96       1.63       1.38       1.18       1.21  
Effect of accounting change(g)
                            (0.01 )
                                         
Net income
  $ 12.08     $ 4.22     $ 1.54     $ 1.42     $ 0.93  
                                         
Dividends per common share(h)
  $ 11.37     $ 1.00     $ 0.90     $ 1.22     $ 0.68  
Average diluted shares outstanding
    108.1       110.8       114.5       112.4       108.4  
Common shares outstanding at year-end
    106.1       104.9       111.0       112.2       109.2  
Depreciation and amortization
  $ 214     $ 225     $ 218     $ 219     $ 233  
Capital expenditures
  $ 237     $ 204     $ 220     $ 219     $ 134  
At Year-End:
                                       
Assets:
                                       
Manufacturing assets
  $ 3,559     $ 3,627     $ 3,411     $ 3,522     $ 3,474  
Financial assets of special purpose entities
    2,383                          
Assets of discontinued operations
          16,847       18,219       16,622       17,893  
                                         
Total assets
  $ 5,942     $ 20,474     $ 21,630     $ 20,144     $ 21,367  
                                         
Debt (long-term excluding current maturities and nonrecourse financial liabilities of special purpose entities)
  $ 852     $ 1,584     $ 1,498     $ 1,485     $ 1,611  
Nonrecourse financial liabilities of special purpose entities
  $ 2,140     $     $     $     $  
Liability for pension and postretirement benefits
  $ 256     $ 366     $ 407     $ 432     $ 396  
Shareholders’ equity
  $ 780     $ 2,189     $ 2,080     $ 2,107     $ 1,988  
Ratio of debt to total capitalization
    52 %     42 %     42 %     41 %     45 %
 
 
(a) In January 2006, we purchased our partner’s 50 percent interest in Standard Gypsum LP for $150 million and assumed debt of $28 million. Unaudited pro forma information assuming this acquisition and related financing had occurred at the beginning of 2005 follows: revenues $4.04 billion; income from continuing operations $32 million; and income from continuing operations, per diluted share $0.28. These pro forma results are not necessarily an indication of what actually would have occurred if the acquisition and financing transactions had been completed at the beginning of the periods presented and are not intended to be indicative of future results.


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(b) The 2003 fiscal year, which ended on January 3, 2004, had 53 weeks. The extra week did not have a significant effect on earnings or financial position. As a result of the consolidation of our administrative functions and adoption of a shared services concept, beginning 2004, we changed the way we allocate costs to our business segments. The effect of this change was to increase segment operating income and to increase unallocated expenses by a like amount. The 2003 amounts have been reclassified to reflect this change.
 
(c) Other operating and non-operating income (expense) consists of:
 
                                         
    For the Year  
    2007     2006     2005     2004     2003  
    (In millions)  
 
Other operating income (expense):
                                       
Transformation costs (advisory and legal fees, change of control and employee related)
  $ (69 )   $     $     $     $  
Closure and sale of converting and production facilities and sale of non-strategic assets
    (55 )     (4 )     (50 )     (27 )     (83 )
Litigation
    (56 )     (6 )     (13 )            
Environmental remediation
    (9 )     (8 )     (3 )            
Softwood Lumber Agreement
          42                    
Hurricane related costs and, in 2006, related insurance proceeds
          2       (16 )            
Consolidation of administrative functions
                      (11 )     (48 )
Other
    1             (3 )     (4 )     (2 )
                                         
    $ (188 )   $ 26     $ (85 )   $ (42 )   $ (133 )
                                         
Other non-operating income (expense):
                                       
Charges related to early repayment of debt
  $ (40 )   $     $ (6 )   $ (2 )   $ (8 )
Tax litigation and other settlements
          89       2              
Interest and other income
    5       4       4       2        
                                         
    $ (35 )   $ 93     $     $     $ (8 )
                                         
 
(d) In October 2007, we received $2.38 billion in notes from the sale of our timberland, which we later contributed to two wholly-owned, bankruptcy-remote special purpose entities. In December 2007, the special purpose entities pledged the notes as collateral for $2.14 billion nonrecourse loans payable in 2027. Both the notes and the borrowings require quarterly interest payments based on variable interest rates that reset quarterly. We include these two special purpose entities in our consolidated financial statements.
 
(e) Income taxes include one-time tax benefits of: $7 million in 2007, of which $3 million is related to changes to the State of Texas margin tax and $4 million is related to the resolution of state income tax matters; $36 million in 2006, of which $6 million is related to the State of Texas margin tax and $30 million is related to the non-taxable tax litigation settlement; $16 million in 2005 related to the sale of our Pembroke, Canada MDF facility; and $20 million in 2004 and $165 million in 2003 related to the resolution and settlement of prior years’ tax examinations.
 
(f) Discontinued operations include the operations of our financial services and real estate segments, which were spun off to our shareholders on December 28, 2007, and the non-strategic operations obtained in the Gaylord acquisition, including the multi-wall bag business and kraft paper mill which were sold in January 2003 and the chemical business which was sold in August 2007. The resolution and settlement of environmental and other indemnifications we provided in the 1999 sale of the bleached paperboard operation are also included in 2004.
 
(g) In 2003, we adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 143, Accounting for Asset Retirement Obligations, which resulted in an after-tax cumulative effect charge of $1 million.
 
In 2006, (i) we adopted the modified prospective application of SFAS No. 123 (revised December 2004), Share-Based Payment, which decreased 2006 income before taxes by $6 million; (ii) we began applying the guidance in Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) Issue No. 04-13, Accounting for Purchases and Sales


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of Inventory with the Same Counterparty, which decreased income before taxes by $7 million in 2006 and $2 million in 2007; and (iii) we adopted SFAS No. 158, Employers’ Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans, which increased our liability for pension and postretirement benefits by $76 million, decreased prepaid expenses and other assets by $16 million, decreased deferred income taxes by $35 million, and decreased shareholders’ equity by $57 million.
 
In 2007, (i) we adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Interpretation No. 48 (FIN 48), Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes, which increased assets by $2 million, reduced liabilities by $3 million and increased beginning retained earnings by $5 million (we also reclassified $11 million from deferred income taxes to other long-term liabilities), (ii) we adopted the measurement provisions of SFAS No. 158, Employer’s Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans, which reduced beginning retained earnings by $5 million, and (iii) we adopted FASB Staff Position No. AUG AIR-1, Accounting for Planned Major Maintenance Activities, electing the expense-as-incurred method which had no effect on our annual earnings or financial position.
 
(h) Includes special dividends of $10.25 per share in 2007 and $0.50 per share in 2004.
 
Item 7.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Forward-Looking Statements
 
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws. These forward-looking statements are identified by their use of terms and phrases such as “believe,” “anticipate,” “could,” “estimate,” “likely,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “expect,” and similar expressions, including references to assumptions. These statements reflect management’s current views with respect to future events and are subject to risk and uncertainties. We note that a variety of factors and uncertainties could cause our actual results to differ significantly from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors and uncertainties that might cause such differences include, but are not limited to:
 
  •  general economic, market, or business conditions;
 
  •  the opportunities (or lack thereof) that may be presented to us and that we may pursue;
 
  •  fluctuations in costs and expenses including the costs of raw materials, purchased energy, and freight;
 
  •  demand for new housing;
 
  •  accuracy of accounting assumptions related to impaired assets, pension and postretirement costs, and contingency reserves;
 
  •  competitive actions by other companies;
 
  •  changes in laws or regulations;
 
  •  our ability to execute certain strategic and business improvement initiatives; and
 
  •  other factors, many of which are beyond our control.
 
Our actual results, performance, or achievement probably will differ from those expressed in, or implied by, these forward-looking statements, and accordingly, we can give no assurances that any of the events anticipated by the forward-looking statements will transpire or occur, or if any of them do so, what impact they will have on our results of operations or financial condition. In view of these uncertainties, you are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Except as required by law, we expressly disclaim any obligation to publicly revise any forward-looking statements contained in this report to reflect the occurrence of events after the date of this report.
 
Non-GAAP Financial Measure
 
Return on investment (ROI) is an important internal measure for us because it is a key component of our evaluation of overall performance and the performance of our business segments. Studies have shown that


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there is a direct correlation between shareholder value and ROI and that shareholder value is created when ROI exceeds the cost of capital. ROI allows us to evaluate our performance on a consistent basis as the amount we earn relative to the amount invested in our business segments. A significant portion of senior management’s compensation is based on achieving ROI targets.
 
In evaluating overall performance, we define ROI as total segment operating income, less general and administrative expenses and share-based compensation not allocated to segments; divided by total assets, less certain assets and certain current liabilities. As a result of our transformation in 2007, we modified the return portion of this calculation. The ROI for all prior years has been recalculated to reflect this change. We do not believe there is a comparable GAAP financial measure to our definition of ROI. The reconciliation of our ROI calculation to amounts reported under GAAP is included in a later section of Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
 
Despite its importance to us, ROI is a non-GAAP financial measure that has no standardized definition and as a result may not be comparable with other companies’ measures using the same or similar terms. Also there may be limits in the usefulness of ROI to investors. As a result, we encourage you to read our consolidated financial statements in their entirety and not to rely on any single financial measure.
 
Accounting Policies
 
Critical Accounting Estimates
 
In preparing our financial statements, we follow generally accepted accounting principles, which in many cases require us to make assumptions, estimates, and judgments that affect the amounts reported. Our significant accounting policies are included in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. Many of these principles are relatively straightforward. There are, however, a few accounting policies that are critical because they are important in determining our financial condition and results, and they are difficult for us to apply. They include asset impairments, contingency reserves, and pension accounting. The difficulty in applying these policies arises from the assumptions, estimates and judgments that we have to make currently about matters that are inherently uncertain, such as future economic conditions, operating results and valuations, as well as our intentions. As the difficulty increases, the level of precision decreases, meaning actual results can, and probably will, be different from those currently estimated. We base our assumptions, estimates, and judgments on a combination of historical experiences and other factors that we believe are reasonable. We have discussed the selection and disclosure of these critical accounting estimates with our Audit Committee.
 
  •  Measuring assets for impairment requires estimating intentions as to holding periods, future operating cash flows and residual values of the assets under review. Changes in our intentions, market conditions, or operating performance could require us to revise the impairment charges we previously provided.
 
  •  The expected long-term rate of return on pension plan assets is an important assumption in determining pension expense. In selecting that rate, currently 6.875 percent, particular consideration is given to our asset allocation because approximately 80 percent of our plan assets are debt related with a duration that closely matches that of our benefit obligation. Another important consideration is the discount rate used to determine the present value of our benefit obligation, currently 6.125 percent. Differences between actual and expected rates of return and changes in the discount rate will affect future pension expense and funded status. For example, a 25 basis point change in the discount rate would affect the projected benefit obligation by about $42 million and the interest cost on the projected benefit obligation by about $5 million. However, due to our move in late 2007 to a more matched position between our plan assets and our projected benefit obligation, we would expect a 25 basis point change in the discount rate to affect the funded status of our plan by only $12 million and the total net periodic benefit expense by only $2 million.
 
  •  Contingency reserves are established for potential losses related to litigation, environmental remediation, and disputes with taxing authorities, among other items. Estimating these reserves requires us to make certain judgments and assumptions regarding actual or potential claims, interpretations to be made by courts or


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  regulatory bodies, and other factors and events that are outside our control. Changes and inaccuracies in our interpretations and actions of others could require us to revise the reserves we previously provided.
 
New Accounting Pronouncements and Change in Measurement Date of our Defined Benefit and Postretirement Plans
 
In the last three years, we adopted a number of new accounting pronouncements, including in 2007, FASB Staff Position No. AUG AIR-1, Accounting for Planned Major Maintenance Activities; FIN 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes; and a fiscal year-end measurement date for valuing plan assets and obligations for our defined benefit and postretirement benefit plans as required by SFAS No. 158, Employers’ Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans. In addition, there are four new accounting pronouncements that we will be required to adopt in 2008 and 2009, none of which we expect to have a significant effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows. Please read Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
 
Transformation
 
On December 28, 2007, we completed our transformation plan that was approved by our board of directors in February 2007. A summary of the significant elements of the transformation plan follows:
 
  •  On October 31, 2007, we sold 1.55 million acres of timberland for $2.38 billion to an investment entity affiliated with The Campbell Group, LLC and recognized a pre-tax gain of $2.053 billion, which is included in other operating income. The acreage sold consisted of 1.38 million acres owned in fee and leases covering 175,000 acres. The total consideration consisted almost entirely of notes due in 2027 that are secured by irrevocable letters of credit issued by independent financial institutions. We also entered into a 20-year fiber supply agreement for pulpwood and a 12-year fiber supply agreement for sawtimber. Both agreements are at market prices and are subject to extension.
 
  •  We contributed the notes and irrevocable letters of credit received in connection with the sale of our timberland to two wholly-owned, bankruptcy-remote special purpose entities. On December 3, 2007, the special purpose entities pledged the notes received from the sale of the timberland as collateral for $2.14 billion nonrecourse loans payable in 2027. The net cash proceeds, after alternative minimum and other taxes related to sale of the timberland and transactions costs, were $1.8 billion. We used $1.1 billion of the net cash proceeds to pay a $10.25 per share special cash dividend to our shareholders in December 2007. The remaining $700 million was used to reduce debt. We have concluded that we are the primary beneficiary of these special purpose entities. As a result, we include these special purpose entities in our consolidated financial statements.
 
  •  On December 28, 2007, we completed the spin-off of our real estate segment, Forestar Real Estate Group Inc. (Forestar), and our financial services segment, Guaranty Financial Group Inc. (Guaranty). These spin-offs were effected through tax-free distributions of one share of Forestar and one share of Guaranty for every three shares of Temple-Inland common stock. These spin-offs reduced retained earnings by $1.6 billion. Our financial information has been reclassified to reflect Forestar and Guaranty as discontinued operations for all periods presented.
 
The transformation plan significantly changed our capital structure and operations. At year-end 2007, Temple-Inland is a manufacturing company focused on corrugated packaging and building products.
 
Results of Operations for the Years 2007, 2006, and 2005
 
Summary
 
Our two key objectives are:
 
  •  Maximizing ROI and
 
  •  Profitably growing our business


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We will accomplish our key objectives through execution of our strategic initiatives. Our key strategic initiatives in corrugated packaging are:
 
  •  Maintaining full integration,
 
  •  Driving for low cost through asset utilization and manufacturing excellence,
 
  •  Improving mix and margins through sales excellence, and
 
  •  Growing our business.
 
Our key strategic initiatives in building products are:
 
  •  Delivering a tailored portfolio of building products,
 
  •  Driving for low cost through manufacturing excellence,
 
  •  Serving growing markets with favorable demographics, and
 
  •  Promoting sales excellence.
 
In 2007, consistent with our key strategic initiatives:
 
  •  We had record production in our containerboard mills through manufacturing excellence.
 
  •  We continued to drive for low cost.
 
  •  We improved asset utilization in our box plants through manufacturing excellence.
 
  •  We grew our box shipments by one percent through sales excellence (excluding shipments from Performance Sheets, which was sold in August 2006).
 
A summary of our consolidated results from continuing operations follows:
 
                         
    For the Year  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (Dollars in millions, except per share)  
 
Consolidated revenues
  $ 3,926     $ 4,185     $ 3,843  
Income from continuing operations
    1,202       287       18  
Income from continuing operations, per diluted share
    11.12       2.59       0.16  
ROI
    7.8 %     13.4 %     7.2 %
 
In 2007, significant items affecting income from continuing operations included:
 
  •  In connection with our transformation plan, we recognized a $2.053 billion gain on sale of our strategic timberland, and we incurred $109 million in expenses primarily related to early repayment of debt, change of control agreements and other employee payments, and legal and advisory services.
 
  •  We experienced higher prices for our corrugated packaging products; however, we experienced lower prices and volumes for most of our building products.
 
  •  While we continue to see the benefit in our manufacturing operations from our initiatives to lower costs, improve asset utilization, and increase operating efficiencies, the higher cost of recycled fiber used at our containerboard mills offset some of the benefits.
 
  •  We recognized $120 million in charges, including $64 million as a result of the decision to cease production permanently at our Mt. Jewett particleboard facility and $56 million for the settlement of antitrust and other litigation.
 
In 2006, significant items affecting income from continuing operations included:
 
  •  We continued to see benefits in our manufacturing operations from our initiatives to lower costs, improve asset utilization, and increase operating efficiencies.


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  •  We experienced improved markets for our corrugated packaging and building products, principally gypsum wallboard and particleboard. We acquired our partner’s 50 percent interest in Standard Gypsum LP in January.
 
  •  Charges related to facility closures and environmental remediation at a paper mill site totaled $12 million.
 
  •  We realized one-time cash gains of $89 million related to the settlement of tax litigation and $42 million related to the Softwood Lumber Agreement entered into between the U.S. and Canada.
 
In 2005, significant items affecting income from continuing operations included:
 
  •  We continued to see benefits in our manufacturing operations from our initiatives to lower costs, improve asset utilization, and increase operating efficiencies.
 
  •  Charges related to facility closures were $58 million.
 
  •  In connection with the sale of our Canadian MDF facility, we recognized a one-time tax benefit of $16 million.
 
  •  Hurricanes Katrina and Rita adversely affected segment operating income by about $11 million due to production downtime and re-start expenses.
 
  •  Hurricane related losses and other unusual expenses related to litigation and the early repayment of debt totaled $32 million.
 
Business Segments
 
As a result of the transformation plan, at year-end 2007, we have two ongoing business segments: corrugated packaging and building products. Timber and timberland, which managed our timber resources, is no longer an active segment as a result of the sale of our timberlands in fourth quarter 2007. Our financial information has been reclassified to reflect the spun-off entities, Forestar and Guaranty, as discontinued operations.
 
Our operations are affected to varying degrees by supply and demand factors and economic conditions including changes in new housing starts, home repair and remodeling activities, and the strength of the U.S. dollar. Given the commodity nature of our manufactured products, we have little control over market pricing or market demand.
 
Corrugated Packaging
 
We manufacture linerboard and corrugating medium that we convert into corrugated packaging and sell in the open market. Our corrugated packaging segment revenues are principally derived from the sale of corrugated packaging products and, to a lesser degree, from the sale of linerboard in the domestic and export markets. We also own a 50 percent interest in Premier Boxboard Limited LLC, a joint venture that produces light-weight gypsum facing paper and corrugating medium at a mill in Newport, Indiana.
 
A summary of our corrugated packaging results follows:
 
                         
    For the Year  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (Dollars in millions)  
 
Revenues
  $ 3,044     $ 2,977     $ 2,825  
Costs and expenses
    (2,757 )     (2,722 )     (2,705 )
                         
Segment operating income
  $ 287     $ 255     $ 120  
                         
Segment ROI
    14.3 %     12.5 %     5.6 %


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Hurricanes Katrina and Rita adversely affected 2005 segment operating results by about $10 million principally related to mill production downtime and re-start expenses at our Bogalusa, Louisiana and Orange, Texas linerboard mills.
 
Fluctuations in product pricing, which includes freight and is net of discounts, and shipments are set forth below:
 
                         
    Year over Year
 
    Increase (Decrease)  
    2007     2006     2005  
 
Corrugated packaging
                       
Average prices
    3 %     6 %     2 %
Shipments, average week(a)
    (1 )%     (2 )%     2 %
Industry shipments, average week(b)
    (2 )%     1 %     1 %
Linerboard
                       
Average prices
    5 %     22 %     (6 )%
Shipments, in thousand tons
    (7 )     46       (56 )
 
 
(a) Excluding the impact of the sale of Performance Sheets in August 2006, our shipments were up one percent in 2007.
(b) Source: Fibre Box Association
 
In 2007, corrugated packaging prices and linerboard prices moved higher as a result of price increases implemented in 2006 and 2007. In 2006, corrugated packaging and linerboard prices moved higher reflecting price increases implemented in late 2005 and in 2006.
 
Linerboard shipments to third parties were slightly lower than in 2006. Linerboard shipments and sales to third parties increased in 2006 due to increased mill production.
 
Costs and expenses were up one percent in 2007 compared with 2006 and up one percent in 2006 compared with 2005. In 2007, higher raw material costs were partially offset by lower pension and postretirement costs, $8 million in business interruption and other insurance proceeds primarily related to an equipment outage and other operational issues at our mills that occurred in 2006, and cost reductions attributable to the sale of Performance Sheets. Increased mill reliability and efficiency resulted in lower maintenance costs and improved raw material yield and energy usage. In 2006, higher wood fiber and freight costs were partially offset by lower recycled fiber, energy, and healthcare costs.
 
Fluctuations in our significant cost and expense components included:
 
                         
    Year over Year
 
    Increase (Decrease)  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In millions)  
 
Wood fiber
  $ 8     $ 16     $ 22  
Recycled fiber
    77       (9 )     (6 )
Energy, principally natural gas
    (1 )     (8 )     30  
Freight
    (3 )     32       40  
Depreciation
    (11 )     (7 )     1  
Health care
    (1 )     (3 )     (16 )
Pension and postretirement
    (12 )     (2 )     (3 )
 
The costs of our wood and recycled fiber, energy, and freight fluctuate based on the market prices we pay for these commodities. It is likely that these costs will continue to fluctuate in 2008. The decrease in depreciation was principally due to the continued use of fully depreciated assets and the sale of Performance Sheets in August 2006.


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Information about our converting facilities and mills follows:
 
                         
    For the Year  
    2007     2006     2005  
 
Number of converting facilities (at year end)
    64       64       65  
Corrugated packaging shipments, in million tons
    3.4       3.4       3.4  
Mill production, in million tons
    3.6       3.6       3.4  
Percent mill production used internally
    92 %     91 %     92 %
Percent of total fiber requirements sourced from recycled fiber
    36 %     34 %     36 %
Corrugating medium purchases from our Premier Boxboard Limited LLC joint venture, in thousand tons
    53       85       68  
 
Building Products
 
We manufacture lumber, gypsum wallboard, particleboard, medium density fiberboard (MDF), and fiberboard. Our building products segment revenues are principally derived from sales of these products. We also own a 50 percent interest in Del-Tin Fiber LLC, a joint venture that produces MDF at a facility in El Dorado, Arkansas.
 
In 2006, we purchased our partner’s 50 percent interest in Standard Gypsum LP, a joint venture that produced gypsum wallboard. Results of operations have been consolidated since the date of purchase.
 
A summary of our building products results follows:
 
                                 
    For the Year  
    2007     2006     2005  
    Actual     Actual     Actual     Pro forma(a)  
    (Dollars in millions)  
 
Revenues
  $ 806     $ 1,119     $ 898     $ 1,095  
Costs and expenses
    (798 )     (898 )     (773 )     (938 )
                                 
Segment operating income
  $ 8     $ 221     $ 125     $ 157  
                                 
Segment ROI
    1.4 %     37.7 %     34.6 %     43.5 %
 
 
(a) Pro forma to reflect the results of operations from Standard Gypsum LP as if the acquisition occurred at the beginning of 2005.
 
Fluctuation in product pricing, which includes freight and is net of discounts, and shipments are set forth below:
 
                         
    Year over Year
 
    Increase (Decrease)  
    2007     2006     2005  
 
Lumber:
                       
Average prices
    (13 )%     (16 )%     5 %
Shipments
    1 %     7 %     1 %
Gypsum wallboard:
                       
Average prices
    (27 )%     26 %     16 %
Shipments
    (26 )%     132 %     12 %
Particleboard:
                       
Average prices
    2 %     15 %     (1 )%
Shipments
    (17 )%     (5 )%     8 %
MDF:
                       
Average prices
    1 %     5 %     (1 )%
Shipments
    (5 )%     (30 )%     (20 )%


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Demand for most products was down due to challenging market conditions in the housing industry. We expect this trend to continue in 2008.
 
Segment operating income also includes our share of income from our gypsum wallboard joint venture (in 2005) and MDF joint venture of $1 million in 2007, $3 million in 2006, and $28 million in 2005. The operating results from the joint ventures generally fluctuate in relation to the price and shipment changes noted above.
 
Costs and expenses were down 11 percent in 2007 compared with 2006, and up 16 percent in 2006 compared with 2005. The lower costs in 2007 were primarily driven by lower volumes. The increase in cost in 2006 is primarily attributable to the acquisition of Standard Gypsum LP in January 2006, partially offset by lower wood fiber costs and cost reductions attributable to the sale of our Pembroke MDF facility in June 2005.
 
Fluctuations in our significant cost and expense components included:
 
                         
    Year over Year
 
    Increase (Decrease)  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In millions)  
 
Wood fiber
  $ (32 )   $ (12 )   $ 19  
Energy, principally natural gas
    (21 )     16       13  
Freight
    (12 )     26       11  
Chemicals
    (5 )     (1 )     14  
Depreciation
    1       9       (3 )
Health care
    1       (1 )     (6 )
Pension and postretirement
    1       (3 )     2  
 
The cost of our fiber, energy, freight, and chemicals fluctuates based on the market prices we pay for these commodities. It is likely that these costs will continue to fluctuate in 2008.
 
Information about our converting and manufacturing facilities follows:
 
                         
    For the Year  
    2007     2006     2005  
 
Number of converting and manufacturing facilities (at year end)
    16       17       17  
Average operating rates for all product lines excluding sold or closed facilities:
                       
High
    102 %     106 %     102 %
Low
    59 %     86 %     91 %
Gypsum facing paper purchases from our Premier Boxboard Limited LLC joint venture, in thousand tons
    42       68       71  
Percent of gypsum facing paper supplied by our Premier Boxboard Limited LLC joint venture
    65 %     76 %     77 %
 
Markets for our building products continue to be challenging. Production in our converting operations is being reduced to match demand for our products. In December 2007, we permanently ceased production at our Mt. Jewett particleboard manufacturing plant.
 
Timber and Timberland
 
Timber and timberland, which managed our timber resources, is no longer an active segment as a result of the sale of timber and timberland in October 2007.


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A summary of our timber and timberland results follows:
 
                         
    For the Year  
    2007(a)     2006     2005  
    (Dollars in millions)  
 
Revenues
  $ 76     $ 89     $ 120  
Costs and expenses
    (11 )     (26 )     (48 )
                         
Segment operating income
  $ 65     $ 63     $ 72  
                         
Segment ROI
    20.4 %     19.5 %     18.0 %
 
 
(a)
Reflects ten months of operating results.
 
In 2005, we sold about 7,000 acres of timber and timberland to a joint venture in which our former real estate segment owned a 50 percent interest and an unrelated public company owned the other 50 percent. This acreage was sold pursuant to the terms of a long-standing option agreement, which was about to expire. The joint venture intended to hold the land for future development and sale. We recognized about half of the $10 million gain in income in 2005 and recognized the remainder in 2007 when we spun-off our real estate segment. As a result of Hurricane Rita, we recorded a $7 million loss due to damage to our timberland in 2005, which is not included in segment operating income.
 
Information about our timber harvest follows:
 
                         
    For the Year  
    2007(a)     2006     2005  
 
Timber harvest, in million tons:
                       
Sawtimber
    2.1       2.6       2.4  
Pulpwood
    2.9       3.4       3.3  
                         
      5.0       6.0       5.7  
                         
 
 
(a)
Reflects ten months of operating results.
 
Income and Expenses Not Allocated to Segments
 
Unallocated income and expenses represent expenses managed on a company-wide basis and include corporate general and administrative expense, share-based compensation, other operating and non-operating income (expense), and interest income and expense.
 
The decrease in general and administrative expense in 2007 was principally due to a decrease in incentive compensation. Incentive compensation fluctuates based on changes in ROI.
 
Our share-based compensation fluctuates because a significant portion of our share-based awards are cash based and are affected by changes in the market price of our common stock. Based on our current expectations, it is likely that share-based compensation expense for 2008 will be in the range of $20 million to $30 million.


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Other operating income (expense) not allocated to business segments consists of:
 
                         
    For the Year  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In millions)  
 
Transformation costs
  $ (69 )   $     $  
Closure and sale of converting and production facilities and sale of non-strategic assets
    (55 )     (4 )     (50 )
Litigation
    (56 )     (6 )     (13 )
Environmental remediation
    (9 )     (8 )     (3 )
Softwood Lumber Agreement
          42        
Hurricane related costs and, in 2006, related insurance proceeds
          2       (16 )
Other
    1             (3 )
                         
    $ (188 )   $ 26     $ (85 )
                         
 
We continue our efforts to enhance return on investment by lowering costs, improving operating efficiencies, and increasing asset utilization. As a result, we continue to review operations that are unable to meet return objectives and determine appropriate courses of action, including possibly consolidating and closing facilities and selling under-performing assets. In 2007, we permanently ceased production at our particleboard plant in Mt. Jewett, Pennsylvania and recognized a $64 million charge, primarily related to the present value of remaining lease payments under our long-term operating lease of the plant and impairment of the related equipment.
 
Also, in December 2007, we resolved most of the remaining claims regarding an alleged violation of Section 1 of the Sherman Act and recognized a charge of $46 million. We are also defending two cases in California state court alleging violations of that state’s on-duty meal break laws. In 2007, we settled three additional meal break cases.
 
In 2006, the U.S. and Canada entered into the Softwood Lumber Agreement, which provided for the refund to domestic lumber producers of a portion of duties previously collected by the U.S. government. Our portion of this refund was $42 million.
 
Other non-operating income (expense) includes $40 million of expenses associated with the early repayment of debt in 2007 and a gain of $89 million related to the settlement of tax litigation in 2006.
 
Net interest income on financial assets and nonrecourse financial liabilities of special purpose entities relates to interest income on the $2.38 billion of notes received from the sale of our timberland in October 2007 and interest expense on the $2.14 billion of borrowings secured by a pledge of the notes receivable in December 2007. The notes receivable were contributed to and the borrowings were made by two wholly-owned, bankruptcy-remote special purpose entities, which we consolidate for financial reporting purposes. The borrowings are nonrecourse to us.
 
The change in interest expense in 2007 was due to lower average levels of debt outstanding compared with 2006. At year-end 2007, we had $0.9 billion of debt with fixed interest rates that averaged 7.08 percent. This compares with $1.4 billion of debt with fixed interest rates that averaged 7.02 percent and $0.2 billion of debt with variable interest rates that averaged 5.88 percent at year-end 2006.
 
Income Taxes
 
Our effective tax rate, which is income tax expense (benefit) as a percentage of income from continuing operations before taxes, was 39 percent in 2007, 26 percent in 2006, and (64) percent in 2005. These rates reflect in 2007, non-deductible transformation related expenses, one-time tax benefit of $3 million related to changes to the State of Texas margin tax and a $4 million benefit from the resolution of state tax matters; in 2006, one-time benefits resulting from settlement of tax litigation with the U.S. Government and the new State of Texas margin tax; and in 2005, a one-time benefit related to the sale of a foreign subsidiary.
 
We anticipate that our effective tax rate in 2008 will approximate 40 percent.


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Discontinued Operations
 
On December 28, 2007, we spun off to our shareholders in tax free distributions, our real estate segment and financial services segment, which included certain real estate and minerals activities in our timber and timberland segment.
 
As a result, we report the results of operations of these segments as discontinued operations. Expenses allocated to these discontinued operations included interest expense of $7 million in 2007, $4 million in 2006, and none in 2005 and share-based compensation expense of $7 million in 2007, $8 million in 2006, and $5 million in 2005.
 
In addition, on August 31, 2007 we sold our previously acquired chemical operations. We received cash proceeds of $1 million and recognized a pre-tax loss of $6 million on the sale.
 
A summary of earnings from our discontinued operations follows:
 
                         
    For the Year  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In millions)  
 
Real estate income before taxes
  $ 41     $ 83     $ 59  
Financial services income before taxes
    138       204       192  
Chemical operations and other(a)
    (13 )     (2 )     1  
                         
Income from discontinued operations before taxes
    166       285       252  
Income tax expense
    (63 )     (104 )     (94 )
                         
Discontinued operations
  $ 103     $ 181     $ 158  
                         
 
 
(a)
2007 includes a $6 million charge for environmental remediation.
 
Average Shares Outstanding
 
Average shares outstanding and average diluted shares outstanding decreased in 2007, 2006, and 2005 due to the effects of share repurchases in 2006 and 2005.
 
Capital Resources and Liquidity
 
Sources and Uses of Cash
 
Cash from operations was $296 million in 2007, $780 million in 2006, and $508 million in 2005.
 
We operate in cyclical industries and our operating cash flows vary accordingly. Our principal operating cash requirements are for compensation, wood and recycled fiber, energy, interest, and taxes. We experienced improved pricing and shipments for most of our products in 2006 and 2005, but experienced deterioration in pricing and volume for our building products in 2007 due to challenging conditions in the housing market. Working capital is subject to cyclical operating needs, the timing of collection of receivables and the payment of payables and expenses and, to a lesser extent, to seasonal fluctuations in our operations.
 


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    For the Year  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In millions)  
 
We received cash from:
                       
Operations
  $ 296     $ 649     $ 508  
Tax litigation settlement, net
          89        
Softwood Lumber Agreement payments
          42        
                         
From operations
    296       780       508  
Exercise of options and in 2005 the settlement of equity purchase contracts
    35       57       393  
Nonrecourse borrowing secured by financial assets of special purpose entities (net of costs of $4 million)
    2,136              
Borrowings, net
          40       13  
Other
    36       64       45  
                         
Total sources
    2,503       941       959  
                         
We used cash to:
                       
Reduce borrowings, net (including $38 million of debt tender premium)
    (780 )            
Return to shareholders through:
                       
Dividends
    (1,212 )     (108 )     (102 )
Repurchase of common stock
    (24 )     (318 )     (527 )
Reinvest in the business through:
                       
Capital expenditures
    (237 )     (204 )     (220 )
Acquisition, joint ventures, and other
    (21 )     (149 )     (23 )
                         
Total uses
    (2,274 )     (779 )     (872 )
Discontinued operations, net
    (32 )     (132 )     (96 )
                         
Change in cash and cash equivalents
  $ 197     $ 30     $ (9 )
                         
 
We issued 1,009,246 net shares of common stock in 2007; 1,736,335 net shares of common stock in 2006; and 1,833,688 net shares in 2005 to employees exercising options. In addition, in 2005, we issued 10,875,739 shares of our common stock and received $345 million in cash in conjunction with the final settlement of our Upper DECS(sm) equity purchase contracts.
 
We paid cash dividends to shareholders of $11.37 per share in 2007 including a special dividend of $10.25 per share, $1.00 per share in 2006, and $0.90 per share in 2005. On February 1, 2008, our Board of Directors declared a regular quarterly dividend of $0.10 per share payable on March 14, 2008.
 
From February 2005 through year-end 2007, our Board of Directors approved repurchase programs aggregating 29.0 million shares. As of year-end 2007, we had repurchased 22.4 million shares under these programs. In 2007, we initiated no share purchases, but we settled $24 million of share purchases that were initiated in fourth quarter 2006. As of year-end 2007, there are 6.6 million shares remaining under current repurchase authorizations.
 
Capital expenditures and timberland reforestation were 111 percent of depreciation and amortization in 2007, 91 percent in 2006, and 101 percent in 2005. Most of the 2007 expenditures relate to initiatives to increase reliability and efficiency at our linerboard mills and increase asset utilization in our converting facilities. Capital expenditures are expected to approximate $195 million in 2008, or about 97 percent of expected 2008 depreciation and amortization.
 
In 2007, we reduced our outstanding debt by $742 million, principally with proceeds from the transactions related to our transformation plan. In 2006, we used $150 million of our credit facilities to fund

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the purchase of the remaining 50 percent interest in Standard Gypsum LP. Following the purchase, we paid off $56 million of the venture’s long-term debt, of which $28 million was related to the purchased interest. In 2005, market conditions provided the opportunity to lengthen our debt maturity profile in a cost effective manner. As a result, we issued $250 million of debt due in 2016 and $250 million of debt due in 2018. The proceeds were used to refinance debt due in 2006 and 2007.
 
Liquidity and Contractual Obligations
 
At year-end 2007 our contractual obligations consist of:
 
                                         
    Payments Due or Expiring by Year  
    Total     2008     2009-10     2011-12     Thereafter  
    (In millions)  
 
Long-term debt (including current maturities)(a)
  $ 855     $ 13     $ 35     $ 294     $ 513  
Nonrecourse financial liabilities of special purposes entities(a)
    2,140                         2,140  
Less, related financial assets of special purpose entities(a)
    (2,140 )                       (2,140 )
Principal portion of capital lease obligations(a)
    188                         188  
Less, related municipal bonds we own(a)
    (188 )                       (188 )
Contractual interest payments on fixed- rate, long-term debt and capital lease obligations, net of interest on related municipal bonds we own
    437       60       117       116       144  
Operating leases(b)
    222       38       61       40       83  
Purchase obligations(c)
    3,173       265       445       441       2,022  
Other long-term liabilities(a)
    37       7       21       2       7  
                                         
    $ 4,724     $ 383     $ 679     $ 893     $ 2,769  
                                         
 
 
(a)
Denotes items included on our balance sheet.
 
(b)
In 2007, we recorded an impairment charge related to a long-term operating lease. As a result, $60 million present value of our future operating lease payments are included on our balance sheet, of which, $3 million is in current liabilities and $57 million in other long-term liabilities.
 
(c)
In 2007, we entered into a 20-year fiber supply agreement for pulpwood and a 12-year fiber supply agreement for sawtimber, the terms of which are both subject to extension. These purchase obligations are valued at year-end 2007 market prices, however, our actual future purchases will be at the then current market price.
 
Our sources of short-term funding are our operating cash flows and borrowings under our credit agreements and accounts receivable securitization facility. Our contractual obligations due in 2008 will likely be repaid from our operating cash flow or from our unused borrowing capacity. At year-end 2007, we had $1.067 billion in unused borrowing capacity under our committed credit agreements and accounts receivable securitization facility:
 
                         
          Accounts
       
    Committed
    Receivable
       
    Credit
    Securitization
       
    Agreements     Facility     Total  
    (In millions)  
 
Committed
  $ 835     $ 247     $ 1,082  
Less: borrowings and commitments
    (14 )     (1 )     (15 )
                         
Unused borrowing capacity at year-end 2007
  $ 821     $ 246     $ 1,067  
                         
 
Our committed credit agreements include a $750 million revolving credit facility that expires in 2011. The remainder of the committed agreements expire between 2008 and 2010.


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Our accounts receivable securitization facility expires in 2010. Under this facility, a wholly-owned, bankruptcy-remote subsidiary purchases, on an on-going basis, substantially all of our trade receivables. As we need funds, the subsidiary draws under its revolving credit agreement, pledges the trade receivables as collateral, and remits the proceeds to us. In the event of liquidation of the subsidiary, its creditors would be entitled to satisfy their claims from the subsidiary’s pledged receivables prior to distributions back to us. We included this subsidiary in our consolidated financial statements.
 
Our debt agreements, accounts receivable securitization facility, and credit agreements contain terms, conditions, and financial covenants customary for such agreements including minimum levels of interest coverage and limitations on leverage. At year-end 2007, we had complied with the terms, conditions, and financial covenants of these agreements. None of our credit agreements or the accounts receivable securitization facility are restricted as to availability based on the ratings of our long-term debt. Under the terms of our Senior Notes due 2016 and Senior Notes due 2018, the interest rate on the notes automatically adjusts if our long-term debt rating is decreased below investment grade by Moody’s Investor Services, Inc. (Moody’s) or Standard and Poor’s Rating Services, a division of McGraw-Hill, Inc. (S&P). The interest rate on these notes was increased 25 basis points during third quarter 2007 following a change in our long-term debt rating by Moody’s. In addition, as required by our operating lease agreements for our particleboard and MDF facilities in Mt. Jewett, Pennsylvania, we provided an $11 million letter of credit to support a portion of our obligations due to this change in our long-term debt rating. Our long-term debt is currently rated BBB- by S&P and Ba1 by Moody’s. At year-end 2007, property and equipment having a book value of $2 million were subject to liens in connection with $14 million of debt.
 
Operating leases represent pre-tax obligations and include $146 million for the lease of particleboard and MDF facilities in Mt. Jewett, Pennsylvania, which expire in 2019. The rest of our operating lease obligations are for facilities and equipment. As a result of an impairment charge in 2007, $60 million present value of our operating lease obligations is included on our balance sheet, of which $3 million is in current liabilities and $57 million is in other long-term liabilities.
 
In 2007, we received $2.38 billion in notes from the sale of timberland, which we contributed to two wholly-owned, bankruptcy-remote special purpose entities. The notes are secured by irrevocable letters of credit and are due in 2027. The special purpose entities pledged the notes and irrevocable letters of credit to secure $2.14 billion nonrecourse loans payable in 2027. In the event of liquidation of the special purpose entities, these creditors would be entitled to satisfy their claims from the pledged notes and irrevocable letters of credit prior to distributions back to us. We include these special purpose entities in our consolidated financial statements.
 
In the 1990’s, we entered into two sale-lease back transactions of production facilities with municipalities. We entered into these transactions to mitigate property and similar taxes associated with these facilities. The municipalities purchased these facilities from us for $188 million, our carrying value, and we leased the facilities back from the municipalities under lease agreements, which expire in 2022 and 2025. Concurrently, we purchased $188 million of interest-bearing bonds issued by these municipalities. The bond terms are identical to the lease terms, are secured by payments under the capital lease obligations, and the municipalities are obligated only to the extent the underlying lease payments are made by us. The interest rate implicit in the leases is the same as the interest rate on the bonds. As a result, the present value of the capital lease obligations is $188 million, the same as the principal amount of the bonds. Since there is no legal right of offset, the $188 million of bonds are included in other assets and the $188 million present value of the capital lease obligations are included in other long-term liabilities. There is no net effect from these transactions as we are in substance both the obligor on, and the holder of, the bonds.
 
Purchase obligations are market priced obligations principally for pulpwood, timber, and gypsum used in our manufacturing and converting processes and for major committed capital expenditures.
 
We have other long-term liabilities, principally liabilities for pension and postretirement benefits, unrecognized tax benefits, and deferred income taxes that are not included in the table because they do not have scheduled maturities.


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At year-end 2007, the liability for pension benefits was $119 million and the liability for postretirement benefits was $137 million. We expect our 2008 voluntary, discretionary contributions to our defined benefit pension plan to approximate 2008 service cost, which is estimated to be about $30 million. In addition, we have amended our supplemental defined benefit pension plan to allow for lump-sum settlements at the time of retirement. We offered a one-time window for our current retirees to take a lump-sum distribution in January 2008. We expect these lump-sum payments to aggregate $42 million in 2008. We also estimate that we will be required to pay in the range of $17 million to $20 million per year over the next five years to fund payments to participants of our supplemental defined benefit plan and retiree health care claims. Please read Pension, Postretirement Medical and Health Care Matters for additional information.
 
At year-end 2007, our net deferred income tax liability was $663 million, including $286 million of alternative minimum tax credits related to the 2007 sale of our timberland. We do not expect any significant changes in our deferred tax liability in 2008. We expect our cash tax rate in 2008 to be below 20 percent compared with 15 percent in 2007. The cash tax rate is impacted by utilization of our alternative minimum tax credits and deductions for 2008 payments associated with our 2007 transformation.
 
We have interest rate derivative instruments outstanding at year-end 2007. These interest rate instruments expire in 2008. They are non-exchange traded and are valued using either third-party resources or models. At year-end 2007, the aggregate fair value of our interest rate instruments was a $1 million liability.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
From time to time, we enter into off-balance sheet arrangements to facilitate our operating activities. At year-end 2007, our off-balance sheet unfunded arrangements, excluding contractual interest payments, operating leases, and purchase and other obligations included in the table of contractual obligations, consisted of:
 
                                         
    Expiring by Year  
    Total     2008     2009-10     2011-12     Thereafter  
    (In millions)  
 
Joint venture guarantees
  $ 70     $ 18     $ 52     $     $  
Performance bonds and recourse obligations
    56       56                    
                                         
    $ 126     $ 74     $ 52     $     $  
                                         
 
We participate in two joint ventures engaged in manufacturing and selling paper and building products. Our partner in each of these ventures is a publicly-held company unrelated to us. At year-end 2007, these ventures had $85 million in long-term debt and $6 million of debt included in current maturities, along with various letters of credit. We guaranteed $70 million of the joint ventures’ debt service obligations and letters of credit. Our joint venture partners also provided guarantees and letters of credit. Generally we would be called upon to fund the guarantees due to the lack of specific performance by the joint ventures, such as non-payment of debt.
 
Performance bonds and recourse obligations are primarily for workers’ compensation and general liability claims.
 
Pension, Postretirement Medical and Health Care Matters
 
Our non-cash defined benefit pension expense was $35 million in 2007, $46 million in 2006, and $49 million in 2005. For the year 2008, we expect our non-cash defined benefit pension expense to be about $37 million. We also expect a one-time expense of $15 million related to lump sum settlements of supplemental benefits.
 
For accounting purposes, we measure the projected benefit obligation of our defined benefit plans and value the plan assets as of year-end 2007 to determine the funded status. The funded status is included on our balance sheet. At year-end 2007, the funded status of our defined benefit plans was a liability of $119 million compared with a liability of $231 million at year-end 2006. The change was principally due to an increase in the discount rate, a better than expected return on plan assets, and an increase in plan assets due in part to the $60 million of voluntary, discretionary contributions we made in 2007. Unrecognized actuarial losses, which


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are included in accumulated other comprehensive income and principally represent the delayed recognition of changes in the assumed discount rate and differences between expected and actual returns, were $166 million at year-end 2007 and $253 million at year-end 2006. These losses will be recognized over the average remaining service period of our current employees, which is about nine years. We expect about $5 million of these losses will be recognized in 2008, compared with $14 million recognized in 2007.
 
We did not have any ERISA cash-funding requirement in 2007, and we expect our cash-funding requirement to be minimal in 2008. We made voluntary, discretionary contributions of $60 million to the defined benefit plan in 2007. We expect our 2008 voluntary, discretionary contributions to our defined benefit plan to approximate 2008 service cost, which is estimated to be about $30 million. Passage of the Pension Protection Act of 2006, which requires a minimum level of annual funding, is not expected to affect significantly our annual cash contributions.
 
The benefits payable from our defined benefit plan are a series of fixed monthly retirement payments. On an annual basis an actuarial assessment of the estimated amount and timing of these retirement payments is performed. The actuarial estimate is subject to variability due to changes in key assumptions regarding future wage inflation, participant mortality and other actuarial risks. Prior to the date of retirement, our obligation is to accumulate funds in our qualified plan sufficient to meet these related benefit payments. The weighted average timeframe of the retirement payments is generally in the 10-15 year range.
 
The benefit obligation, which is the present value of the estimated retirement payments, conceptually is very similar to the fair value of a portfolio of long-term bonds. The funded status of our benefit obligation that is matched by long-term bonds of similar duration should remain relatively unchanged even if long-term interest rates change.
 
In the last two months of 2007, we transitioned to a more matched position between our assets and liabilities in our qualified defined benefit plan. This action is expected to reduce the volatility of our defined benefit expense and our funding requirements. As a result, our expected long-term rate of return for 2008 expense is 6.875 percent compared with the 2007 rate of 8 percent. The lower expected long-term rate of return reflects the higher allocation of invested funds in fixed income securities that better match our defined benefit obligation.
 
For accounting purposes we measure the postretirement medical plans projected benefit obligation as of year-end 2007 to determine the funded status. At year-end 2007, the funded status of these plans was a liability of $137 million compared with $135 million at year-end 2006.
 
About 26 percent of our employees participated in a consumer driven health plan in 2007 compared with 29 percent in 2006. In 2007, the total cost of providing health benefits was about $88 million of which we incurred $57 million and our employees incurred $31 million. In 2006, the total cost of providing health benefits was about $97 million of which we incurred $67 million and our employees incurred $30 million.
 
Energy and the Effects of Inflation
 
Energy costs decreased $22 million in 2007, increased $8 million in 2006, and increased $43 million in 2005. The decrease in 2007 is primarily attributable to reduced production because of the decreased demand for our building products as a result of the declines in the housing industry. The increase in energy costs for 2006 is primarily attributable to the acquisition of Standard Gypsum LP in January 2006. Our energy costs fluctuate based on the market prices we pay. We hedge very little of our energy needs. It is likely that these costs will continue to fluctuate in 2008.
 
Inflationary increases in compensation and certain input costs such as fiber, energy and freight have had a negative impact on our operating results. However, we have managed to partially offset the impact of inflation through increased productivity. Our fixed assets are, and our timber and timberland were, carried at historical costs. If carried at current replacement costs, depreciation expense and the cost of timber cut or timberland sold would have been significantly higher than what we reported.


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Environmental Protection
 
Our operations are subject to federal, state, and local provisions regulating discharges into the environment and otherwise related to the protection of the environment. Compliance with these provisions requires us to invest substantial funds to modify facilities to assure compliance with applicable environmental regulations. A more detailed discussion regarding our compliance with environmental regulation can be found in Business — Environmental Regulation.
 
Litigation Matters
 
We are involved in various legal proceedings that arise from time to time in the ordinary course of doing business. In our opinion, the possibility of a material loss from any of these proceedings is considered to be remote, and we do not expect that the effect of these proceedings will be material to our financial position, results of operations, or cash flow. It is possible, however, that charges related to these matters could be significant to results of operations or cash flows in any one accounting period. A more detailed discussion regarding our most significant litigation matters can be found in Legal Proceedings.


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Calculation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
 
                                 
          Corrugated
    Building
    Timber and
 
    Consolidated     Packaging     Products     Timberland  
    (Dollars in millions)  
 
Year 2007
                               
Return:
                               
Segment operating income determined in accordance with GAAP
  $ 360     $ 287     $ 8     $ 65  
Expenses not allocated to segments:
                               
General and administrative
    (100 )     N/A       N/A       N/A  
Share-based compensation
    (34 )     N/A       N/A       N/A  
                                 
    $ 226     $ 287     $ 8     $ 65  
                                 
Investment:
                               
Beginning of year total assets or segment assets determined in accordance with GAAP
  $ 20,474     $ 2,275     $ 638     $ 330  
Adjustments:
                               
Current liabilities (excluding current portion of long-term debt)
    (550 )     (271 )     (76 )     (11 )
Assets of discontinued operations
    (16,847 )     N/A       N/A       N/A  
Municipal bonds related to capital leases included in other assets
    (188 )     N/A       N/A       N/A  
                                 
    $ 2,889     $ 2,004     $ 562     $ 319  
                                 
ROI
    7.8 %     14.3 %     1.4 %     20.4 %
Year 2006
                               
Return:
                               
Segment operating income determined in accordance with GAAP
  $ 539     $ 255     $ 221     $ 63  
Expenses not allocated to segments:
                               
General and administrative
    (107 )     N/A       N/A       N/A  
Share-based compensation
    (38 )     N/A       N/A       N/A  
                                 
    $ 394     $ 255     $ 221     $ 63  
                                 
Investment:
                               
Beginning of year total assets or segment assets determined in accordance with GAAP
  $ 21,630     $ 2,308     $ 456     $ 333  
Adjustments:
                               
Current liabilities (excluding current portion of long-term debt)
    (476 )     (269 )     (66 )     (10 )
Assets of discontinued operations
    (18,219 )     N/A       N/A       N/A  
Municipal bonds related to capital leases included in other assets
    (188 )     N/A       N/A       N/A  
Acquisition of Standard Gypsum LP in January 2006
    196       N/A       196       N/A  
                                 
    $ 2,943     $ 2,039     $ 586     $ 323  
                                 
ROI
    13.4 %     12.5 %     37.7 %     19.5 %
Year 2005
                               
Return:
                               
Segment operating income determined in accordance with GAAP
  $ 317     $ 120     $ 125     $ 72  
Expenses not allocated to segments:
                               
General and administrative
    (91 )     N/A       N/A       N/A  
Share-based compensation
    (21 )     N/A       N/A       N/A  
                                 
    $ 205     $ 120     $ 125     $ 72  
                                 
Investment:
                               
Beginning of year total assets or segment assets determined in accordance with GAAP
  $ 20,144     $ 2,448     $ 423     $ 409  
Adjustments:
                               
Current liabilities (excluding current portion of long-term debt)
    (503 )     (323 )     (62 )     (9 )
Assets of discontinued operations
    (16,622 )     N/A       N/A       N/A  
Municipal bonds related to capital leases included in other assets
    (188 )     N/A       N/A       N/A  
                                 
    $ 2,831     $ 2,125     $ 361     $ 400  
                                 
ROI
    7.2 %     5.6 %     34.6 %     18.0 %


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Statistical and Other Data
 
Revenues and unit sales, excluding joint venture operations, follows:
 
                         
    For the Year  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (Dollars in millions)  
 
Revenues
                       
Corrugated Packaging
                       
Corrugated packaging
  $ 2,905     $ 2,841     $ 2,728  
Linerboard
    139       136       97  
                         
    $ 3,044     $ 2,977     $ 2,825  
                         
Building Products
                       
Pine lumber
  $ 244     $ 278     $ 312  
Particleboard
    181       214       195  
Gypsum wallboard(a)
    228       420       143  
Medium density fiberboard(a)
    62       65       87  
Fiberboard
    52       72       83  
Other
    39       70       78  
                         
    $ 806     $ 1,119     $ 898  
                         
Timber and Timberland
                       
Fiber and other
  $ 76     $ 89     $ 120  
                         
Unit sales
                       
Corrugated Packaging
                       
Corrugated packaging, thousands of tons
    3,351       3,371       3,437  
Linerboard, thousands of tons
    303       310       264  
                         
      3,654       3,681       3,701  
                         
Building Products
                       
Pine lumber, million board feet
    838       829       777  
Particleboard, million square feet
    506       609       640  
Gypsum wallboard, million square feet(a)
    1,475       1,990       859  
Medium density fiberboard, million square feet(a)
    135       142       202  
Fiberboard, million square feet
    288       362       431  
 
 
(a)
Comparisons of revenue and unit sales of gypsum wallboard are affected by the 2006 acquisition of our partner’s interest in Standard Gypsum LP. Comparisons for MDF are affected by the sale of the Pembroke facility in second quarter 2005.


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Item 7A.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
Interest Rate Risk
 
Our current level of interest rate risk is primarily due to our variable-rate, long-term debt and financial assets and nonrecourse financial liabilities of special purpose entities. The following table illustrates the estimated effect on our pre-tax income of immediate, parallel, and sustained shifts in interest rates for the next 12 months at year-end 2007, with comparative year-end 2006 information. These estimates assume that debt reductions from contractual payments will be replaced with short-term, variable-rate debt; however, that may not be the financing alternative we choose to follow.
 
                 
    Increase (Decrease) in
 
Change in
  Income Before Taxes  
Interest Rates
  At Year-End 2007     At Year-End 2006  
    (In millions)  
 
+2%
  $ (4 )   $ (3 )
+1%
    (2 )     (2 )
−1%
    2       2  
−2%
    4       4  
 
Interest rate changes impact earnings due to the resulting increase or decrease in the cost of our variable-rate, long-term debt. The interest rate sensitivity change from year-end 2006 is due to a decrease in variable-rate debt. Additionally, changes in interest rates will affect the value of our interest rate swap agreements (currently $50 million notional amount). We believe that any changes in the value of these agreements would not be significant.
 
Foreign Currency Risk
 
We do not have significant exposure to foreign currency fluctuations on our financial instruments because most of these instruments are denominated in U.S. dollars.
 
Commodity Price Risk
 
From time to time we use commodity derivative instruments to mitigate our exposure to changes in product pricing and manufacturing costs. These instruments cover a small portion of our volume and range in duration from three months to three years. Considering the fair value of these instruments at year-end 2007, we believe the potential loss in fair value resulting from a hypothetical ten percent change in the underlying commodity prices would not be significant.


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MANAGEMENT’S ANNUAL REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING
 
The management of Temple-Inland is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Management has designed our internal control over financial reporting to provide reasonable assurance that our published financial statements are fairly presented, in all material respects, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles.
 
Management is required by paragraph (c) of Rule 13a-15 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, to assess the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of each year end. In making this assessment, management used the Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued in July 1994 by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).
 
Management conducted the required assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of year end. Based upon this assessment, management believes that our internal control over financial reporting is effective as of year-end 2007.
 
Ernst & Young LLP, the independent registered public accounting firm that audited our financial statements included in this Form 10-K, has also audited our internal control over financial reporting. Their attestation report follows this report of management.


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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
 
The Board of Directors and Shareholders of Temple-Inland Inc.:
 
We have audited Temple-Inland Inc’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 29, 2007 based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the COSO criteria). Temple-Inland Inc.’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting including in the accompanying Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.
 
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
In our opinion, Temple-Inland Inc. and subsidiaries maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 29, 2007 based on the COSO criteria.
 
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of Temple-Inland Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 29, 2007 and December 30, 2006 and the related consolidated statements of income, shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 29, 2007 and our report dated February 25, 2008 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
 
 
Ernst & Young LLP
 
Austin, Texas
February 25, 2008


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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
 
The Board of Directors and Shareholders of Temple-Inland Inc.:
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Temple-Inland Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 29, 2007 and December 30, 2006, and the related consolidated statements of income, shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 29, 2007. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Temple-Inland Inc. and subsidiaries at December 29, 2007 and December 30, 2006, and the consolidated results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 29, 2007, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
 
As discussed in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, in 2006, the Company changed its method of accounting for the funded status of defined pension and other postretirement benefit plans, and in 2007 the Company changed the measurement date for measuring the funded status of defined pension and other postretirement benefit plans. Additionally, during 2007 the Company changed its method of accounting for and disclosure of uncertainties associated with certain aspects of measurement and recognition of income taxes.
 
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the effectiveness of Temple-Inland Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 29, 2007, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated February 25, 2008 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
 
 
Ernst & Young LLP
 
Austin, Texas
February 25, 2008


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TEMPLE-INLAND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
                 
    At Year-End  
    2007     2006  
    (In millions)  
 
ASSETS
Current Assets
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 227     $ 30  
Trade receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $14 in 2007 and $14 in 2006
    433       452  
Inventories:
               
Work in process and finished goods
    116       109  
Raw materials
    224       211  
Supplies and other
    121       115  
                 
Total inventories
    461       435  
Deferred tax asset
    99       61  
Prepaid expenses and other
    57       60  
                 
Total current assets
    1,277       1,038  
Timber and Timberland
          315  
Property and Equipment
               
Land and buildings
    641       637  
Machinery and equipment
    3,423       3,400  
Construction in progress
    120       82  
Less allowances for depreciation
    (2,552 )     (2,491 )
                 
Total property and equipment
    1,632       1,628  
Financial Assets of Special Purpose Entities
    2,383        
Goodwill
    365       365  
Assets of Discontinued Operations
          16,847  
Other Assets
    285       281  
                 
TOTAL ASSETS
  $ 5,942     $ 20,474  
                 
 
LIABILITIES
Current Liabilities
               
Accounts payable
  $ 244     $ 229  
Accrued employee compensation and benefits
    108       126  
Accrued interest
    31       32  
Accrued property taxes
    11       19  
Accrued income taxes
    258        
Other accrued expenses
    173       129  
Current portion of long-term debt
    3       13  
Current portion of pension and postretirement benefits
    62       15  
                 
Total current liabilities
    890       563  
Long-Term Debt
    852       1,584  
Nonrecourse Financial Liabilities of Special Purpose Entities
    2,140        
Deferred Tax Liability
    762       244  
Liability for Pension Benefits
    71       229  
Liability for Postretirement Benefits
    123       122  
Liabilities of Discontinued Operations
          15,291  
Other Long-Term Liabilities
    324       252  
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES
    5,162       18,285  
                 
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
               
Preferred stock — par value $1 per share: authorized 25,000,000 shares; none issued
           
Common stock — par value $1 per share: authorized 200,000,000 shares; issued 123,605,344 shares in 2007 and 2006, including shares held in the treasury
    124       124  
Additional paid-in capital
    475       468  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
    (139 )     (191 )
Retained earnings
    987       2,501  
Cost of shares held in the treasury: 17,464,189 shares in 2007 and 18,754,907 shares in 2006
    (667 )     (713 )
                 
TOTAL SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
    780       2,189  
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
  $ 5,942     $ 20,474  
                 
 
Please read the notes to consolidated financial statements.


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TEMPLE-INLAND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
 
                         
    For the Year  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In millions)  
 
NET REVENUES
  $ 3,926     $ 4,185     $ 3,843  
                         
COSTS AND EXPENSES
                       
Cost of sales
    (3,390 )     (3,476 )     (3,382 )
Selling
    (112 )     (107 )     (97 )
General and administrative
    (197 )     (214 )     (198 )
Gain on sale of timberland
    2,053              
Other operating income (expense)
    (189 )     32       (46 )
                         
      (1,835 )     (3,765 )     (3,723 )
                         
OPERATING INCOME
    2,091       420       120  
Other non-operating income (expense)
    (35 )     93        
Interest income on financial assets of special purpose entities
    19              
Interest expense on nonrecourse financial liabilities of special purpose entities
    (9 )            
Interest expense on debt
    (111 )     (123 )     (109 )
                         
INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS BEFORE TAXES
    1,955       390       11  
Income tax expense
    (753 )     (103 )     7  
                         
INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS
    1,202       287       18  
Discontinued operations
    103       181       158  
                         
NET INCOME
  $ 1,305     $ 468     $ 176  
                         
WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING
                       
Basic
    106.0       108.8       112.6  
Diluted
    108.1       110.8       114.5  
EARNINGS PER SHARE
                       
Basic:
                       
Income from continuing operations
  $ 11.33     $ 2.64     $ 0.16  
Discontinued operations
    0.98       1.66       1.40  
                         
Net income
  $ 12.31     $ 4.30     $ 1.56  
                         
Diluted:
                       
Income from continuing operations
  $ 11.12     $ 2.59     $ 0.16  
Discontinued operations
    0.96       1.63       1.38  
                         
Net income
  $ 12.08     $ 4.22     $ 1.54  
                         
 
Please read the notes to consolidated financial statements.


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TEMPLE-INLAND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 
                         
    For the Year  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In millions)  
 
CASH PROVIDED BY (USED FOR) OPERATIONS
                       
Net income
  $ 1,305     $ 468     $ 176  
Adjustments:
                       
Gain on sale of timberland
    (2,053 )            
Impairments
    64             24  
Loss on early payment of debt
    40              
Loss on sale of Pembroke
                25  
Depreciation and amortization
    214       225       218  
Non-cash share-based compensation
    39       38       26  
Non-cash pension and postretirement expense
    44       56       58  
Cash contribution to pension and postretirement plans
    (80 )     (76 )     (76 )
Deferred income taxes
    435       34       40  
Earnings of joint ventures
    (5 )     (11 )     (39 )
Dividends from joint ventures
    8       12       43  
Tax benefit of stock options exercised
                7  
Other
    14       18       16  
Changes in:
                       
Receivables
    19       (28 )     (16 )
Inventories
    (30 )     (10 )      
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
    274       32       4  
Prepaid expenses and other
    8       22       2  
                         
      296       780       508  
                         
CASH PROVIDED BY (USED FOR) INVESTING
                       
Capital expenditures
    (225 )     (187 )     (192 )
Reforestation and net acquisition of timber and timberland
    (12 )     (17 )     (28 )
Sale of timberland
    (21 )            
Sales of non-strategic assets and operations and proceeds from sale of property and equipment
    24       64       45  
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired, and joint ventures
    (5 )     (148 )     (5 )
Other
    4       1       2  
                         
      (235 )     (287 )     (178 )
                         
CASH PROVIDED BY (USED FOR) FINANCING
                       
Nonrecourse borrowing secured by financial assets of special purpose entities
    2,140              
Payments of debt
    (567 )     (47 )     (502 )
Borrowings under accounts receivable securitization facility, net
    (163 )     133       15  
Borrowings under revolving credit facility, net
    (12 )     (56 )      
Change in book overdrafts
    13       2       (13 )
Fees associated with debt
    (42 )            
Other additions to debt
          10       500  
Cash dividends paid to shareholders
    (1,212 )     (108 )     (102 )
Repurchase of common stock
    (24 )     (318 )     (527 )
Exercise of options
    20       47       48  
Tax benefit of stock options exercised
    15       10        
Settlement of equity purchase contracts
                345  
Other
          (4 )     (7 )
                         
      168       (331 )     (243 )
                         
CASH PROVIDED BY (USED FOR) DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
                       
Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities
    (33 )     255       78  
Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities
    (619 )     1,056       (1,785 )
Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities
    620       (1,443 )     1,611  
                         
      (32 )     (132 )     (96 )
                         
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
                 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
    197       30       (9 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
    30             9  
                         
Cash and cash equivalents at year-end
  $ 227     $ 30     $  
                         
 
Please read the notes to consolidated financial statements.


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TEMPLE-INLAND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
                                                 
                Accumulated
                   
          Additional
    Other
                   
    Common
    Paid-In
    Comprehensive
    Retained
    Treasury
       
    Stock     Capital     Income / (Loss)     Earnings     Stock     Total  
    (In millions)  
 
Balance at year-end 2004
  $ 123     $ 350     $ (192 )   $ 2,067     $ (241 )   $ 2,107  
Comprehensive income, net of tax:
                                               
Net income
                      176             176  
Unrealized gains/(losses) on securities
                (3 )                 (3 )
Defined benefits
                3                   3  
Foreign currency translation adjustment
                4                   4  
Derivative financial instruments
                (1 )                 (1 )
                                                 
Comprehensive income for the year 2005
                                            179  
                                                 
Dividends paid on common stock — $0.90 per share
                      (102 )           (102 )
Share-based compensation, net of distributions — 578,774 shares
          13                   19       32  
Exercise of stock options — 1,833,688 net shares
                            48       48  
Tax benefit from exercise of stock options
          7                         7  
Settlement of equity purchase contracts — 10,875,739 shares
    1       75                   269       345  
Repurchase of common stock — 14,500,000 shares
                            (536 )     (536 )
                                                 
Balance at year-end 2005
  $ 124     $ 445     $ (189 )   $ 2,141     $ (441 )   $ 2,080  
                                                 
Comprehensive income, net of tax:
                                               
Net income
                      468             468  
Unrealized gains/(losses) on securities
                (1 )                 (1 )
Defined benefits
                57                   57  
Foreign currency translation adjustment
                (2 )                 (2 )
Derivative financial instruments
                1                   1  
                                                 
Comprehensive income for the year 2006
                                            523  
                                                 
Dividends paid on common stock — $1.00 per share
                      (108 )           (108 )
Share-based compensation, net of distributions — 10,289 shares
          28                   (1 )     27  
Exercise of stock options — 1,736,335 net shares
          (15 )                 62       47  
Tax benefit from exercise of stock options
          10                         10  
Repurchase of common stock — 7,850,000 shares
                            (333 )     (333 )
Adoption of SFAS No. 158, net of tax
                (57 )                 (57 )
                                                 
Balance at year-end 2006
  $ 124     $ 468     $ (191 )   $ 2,501     $ (713 )   $ 2,189  
                                                 
Comprehensive income, net of tax:
                                               
Net income
                      1,305             1,305  
Unrealized gains/(losses) on securities
                (36 )                 (36 )
Defined benefits
                53                   53  
Foreign currency translation adjustment
                                   
Derivative financial instruments
                                   
                                                 
Comprehensive income for the year 2007
                                            1,322  
                                                 
Regular dividends paid on common stock — $1.12 per share
                      (118 )           (118 )
Special dividend paid on common stock — $10.25 per share
                      (1,094 )           (1,094 )
Share-based compensation, net of distributions — 281,472 shares
          2                   16       18  
Exercise of stock options — 1,009,246 net shares
          (10 )                 30       20  
Tax benefit from exercise of stock options
          15                         15  
Adoption of FASB Interpretation No. 48, net of tax
                      5             5  
Adoption of measurement provisions of SFAS No. 158, net of tax
                      (5 )           (5 )
Spin-off of Forestar
                      (434 )           (434 )
Spin-off of Guaranty
                35       (1,173 )           (1,138 )
                                                 
Balance at year-end 2007
  $ 124     $ 475     $ (139 )   $ 987     $ (667 )   $ 780  
                                                 
 
Please read the notes to consolidated financial statements.


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TEMPLE-INLAND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 1 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Basis of Presentation
 
On December 28, 2007, we completed our transformation plan that was approved by our board of directors in February 2007. A summary of the significant elements of the transformation plan follows:
 
  •  On October 31, 2007, we sold 1.55 million acres of timberland for $2.38 billion to an investment entity affiliated with The Campbell Group, LLC and recognized a pre-tax gain of $2.053 billion, which is included in other operating income. The acreage sold consisted of 1.38 million acres owned in fee and leases covering 175,000 acres. The total consideration consisted almost entirely of notes due in 2027, which are secured by irrevocable letters of credit issued by independent financial institutions. We also entered into a 20-year fiber supply agreement for pulpwood and a 12-year fiber supply agreement for sawtimber. Both agreements are at market prices, and are subject to extension.
 
  •  We contributed the notes and irrevocable letters of credit received in connection with the sale of our timberlands to two wholly-owned, bankruptcy-remote special purpose entities. On December 3, 2007, the special purpose entities pledged the notes receivable from the sale of timberland as collateral for $2.14 billion nonrecourse loans payable 2027. The net cash proceeds, after alternative minimum and other taxes related to sale of the timberland and transaction costs, were $1.8 billion. We used $1.1 billion of the net cash proceeds to pay a $10.25 per share special cash dividend to our shareholders in December 2007. The remaining $700 million was used to reduce debt. We have concluded that we are the primary beneficiary of these special purpose entities. As a result we include these special purpose entities in our consolidated financial statements.
 
  •  On December 28, 2007, we completed the spin-off of our real estate segment, Forestar Real Estate Group Inc. (Forestar), and our financial services segment, Guaranty Financial Group Inc. (Guaranty). These spin-offs were effected through tax-free distributions of one share of Forestar and one share of Guaranty for every three shares of Temple-Inland common stock. These spin-offs reduced retained earnings by $1.6 billion. Our financial information has been reclassified to reflect Forestar and Guaranty as discontinued operations for all periods presented.
 
The transformation plan significantly changed our capital structure and operations. At year-end 2007, Temple-Inland is a manufacturing company focused on corrugated packaging and building products.
 
Our consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Temple-Inland Inc., its subsidiaries and special purpose and variable interest entities of which we are the primary beneficiary. We account for our investment in other entities in which we have significant influence over operations and financial policies using the equity method.
 
We prepare our financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, which require us to make estimates and assumptions about future events. Actual results can, and probably will, differ from those we currently estimate. We eliminate all material intercompany accounts and transactions.
 
Our fiscal year ends on the Saturday closest to December 31, which from time to time means that a fiscal year will include 53 weeks instead of 52 weeks. All of the periods presented had 52 weeks. Fiscal year 2007 ended on December 29, 2007, fiscal year 2006 ended on December 30, 2006, and fiscal year 2005 ended on December 31, 2005.
 
We translate the balance sheets of our international operations where the functional currency is other than the U.S. dollar into U.S. dollars at year-end exchange rates. We include adjustments resulting from financial statement translation in other comprehensive income.


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TEMPLE-INLAND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Asset Retirement Obligations and Environmental Obligations
 
We recognize legal obligations associated with the retirement of long-lived assets when the obligation is incurred. We record the estimated present value of the retirement obligation and increase the carrying value of the long-lived asset by a like amount. Over time, we accrete or increase the liability to its settlement value and we depreciate or decrease the asset to zero. When we settle the obligation we recognize a gain or loss for any difference between the settlement amount and the then recorded obligation. At year-end 2005, we adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Interpretation No. 47, Accounting for Conditional Asset Retirement Obligations an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 143. This interpretation clarified that the term “conditional asset retirement obligation” refers to a legal obligation to perform an asset retirement obligation in which the timing and/or method of settlement are conditional on future events that may or may not be within our control. As a result, even though the timing and/or method of settlement may be uncertain, the retirement obligation should be recognized if it can be reasonably estimated. The effect on earnings and financial position of adopting this interpretation was not significant.
 
Our asset retirement obligations consist principally of costs to remediate landfills we operate. The present value of these asset retirement obligations was $13 million at year-end 2007 and $16 million at year-end 2006 and is included in other long-term liabilities. Accretion expense was less than $1 million in 2007, $1 million in 2006 and less than $1 million in 2005.
 
Many of our manufacturing facilities contain asbestos and lead paint. We are currently not required to remove any of these materials, but we could be required to do so in the future if we were to demolish or undertake major renovations of these facilities. At this time, we have no such plans, which makes it impractical to estimate the fair value of any related asset retirement obligations. Accordingly, a liability has not been recognized for these asset retirement obligations.
 
In addition, we record environmental remediation liabilities on an undiscounted basis when environmental assessments or remediation are probable and we can reasonably estimate the cost. We adjust these liabilities as further information is obtained or circumstances change. Accrued remediation liabilities were $13 million at year-end 2007, of which $11 million is included in other accrued expenses and $2 million in other long-term liabilities. At year-end 2006, accrued remediation liabilities were $13 million of which $9 million were included in other accrued expenses, $2 million in other long-term liabilities, and $2 million in liabilities of discontinued operations.
 
Capitalized Software
 
We capitalize purchased software costs as well as the direct internal and external costs associated with software we develop for our own use. We amortize these capitalized costs using the straight-line method over estimated useful lives ranging from three to seven years. The carrying value of capitalized software was $35 million at year-end 2007 and $46 million at year-end 2006 and is included in other assets. The amortization of these capitalized costs was $15 million in 2007, $17 million in 2006, and $15 million in 2005 and is included in cost of sales and general and administrative expense.
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
Cash and cash equivalents include cash and other short-term instruments with original maturities of three months or less.
 
Derivatives
 
We use, from time to time and then only to a limited degree, derivative instruments to mitigate our exposure to risks associated with changes in interest rates, product pricing and manufacturing costs. We do not enter into derivatives for trading purposes. We defer and include in other comprehensive income changes in


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TEMPLE-INLAND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
the fair value of derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges until the hedged transactions are completed. At that time, we recognize these deferred gains or losses in income. We recognize the ineffective portion of these hedges, which is not significant, in income. We recognize changes in the fair value of derivative instruments designated as fair value hedges in income, as well as changes in the fair value of the hedged item. We recognize changes in the fair value of derivative instruments that are not designated as hedges in income. We include the carrying value of derivative instruments in other assets and other liabilities.
 
Derivative financial instruments are designated and documented as hedges at the inception of the contract and on an ongoing basis. We assess and measure the effectiveness of derivative instruments, using correlation ratios, at inception and on an ongoing basis. If a derivative instrument ceases to be highly effective as a hedge or if the derivative instrument is terminated or settled prior to the expected maturity or realization of the underlying item, we stop using hedge accounting.
 
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
In the absence of quoted market prices, we estimate the fair value of financial instruments. Our estimates are affected by the assumptions we make, including the discount rate and estimates of the amount and timing of future cash flows. Where these fair values approximate carrying value, no separate disclosure of fair value is shown.
 
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
 
We do not amortize goodwill and other indefinite lived intangible assets. Instead, we measure these assets for impairment based on estimated fair values at least annually or more frequently if impairment indicators exist. We perform the annual impairment measurement as of the beginning of the fourth quarter of each year. Intangible assets with finite useful lives are amortized over their estimated lives.
 
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
 
We review long-lived assets held for use for impairment when events or circumstances indicate that their carrying value may not be recoverable. Impairment exists if the carrying amount of the long-lived asset is not recoverable from the undiscounted cash flows expected from its use and eventual disposition. We determine the amount of the impairment loss by comparing the carrying value of the long-lived asset to its estimated fair value. In the absence of quoted market prices, we determine estimated fair value generally based on the present value of future probability weighted cash flows expected from the use and eventual disposition of the long-lived asset. We carry assets held for sale at the lower of carrying value or estimated fair value less costs to sell.
 
Income Taxes
 
We provide deferred income taxes using current tax rates for temporary differences between the financial accounting carrying value of assets and liabilities and their tax accounting carrying values. We recognize and value income tax exposures for the various taxing jurisdictions where we operate based on tax laws, tax elections, commonly accepted tax positions, and management estimates. We include tax penalties and interest in income tax expense.
 
In 2007, we adopted the provisions of FASB Interpretation No. 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes. As a result of the implementation, we increased assets by $2 million, reduced liabilities by $3 million, and increased beginning retained earnings by $5 million. We also reclassified $11 million from deferred income taxes to other long-term liabilities.


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TEMPLE-INLAND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Inventories
 
We carry inventories at the lower of cost or market. We determine cost using the average cost method, which approximates the first-in, first-out method.
 
In 2006, we began applying the guidance in Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) Issue No. 04-13, Accounting for Purchases and Sales of Inventory with the Same Counterparty. This guidance requires that non-monetary exchanges of similar inventory be valued at the carrying value of the inventory given up instead of the fair value of the inventory received and is applied to exchange agreements entered into or renewed subsequent to first quarter 2006. Our corrugated packaging segment enters into these agreements that generally represent the exchange of linerboard we manufacture for corrugated medium manufactured by others. We include these exchanges in cost of sales. The effect of applying this guidance was to increase cost of sales $2 million in 2007 and $7 million in 2006.
 
Pension and Postretirement Plans
 
At year-end 2006 we adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 158, Employers’ Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans, requiring the funded status of defined benefit plans be shown on the balance sheet. In 2007, we transitioned to a year-end measurement date for valuing plan assets and obligations for our defined benefit and postretirement benefit plans as further required by SFAS No. 158. Previously we used a measurement date of September 30. Upon transition, we reduced 2007 beginning shareholders’ equity by $5 million, representing the net periodic benefit cost of the three month period from the last measurement date to year-end 2006, net of tax, and increased liability for pension benefits.
 
The following table shows the effect of applying SFAS No. 158 on individual line items in the 2006 consolidated balance sheet:
 
                         
    Before Application
    Adjustments
    After Application
 
    of SFAS No. 158     Increase (Decrease)     of SFAS No. 158  
    (In millions)  
 
Prepaid expenses and other
  $ 76     $ (16 )   $ 60  
Deferred tax liability
    279       (35 )     244  
Liability for pension benefits
    156       73       229  
Liability for postretirement benefits
    119       3       122  
Total liabilities
    18,244       41       18,285  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
    134       57       191  
Total shareholders’ equity
    2,246       (57 )     2,189  


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TEMPLE-INLAND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Property and Equipment
 
We carry property and equipment at cost less accumulated depreciation. We capitalize the cost of significant additions and improvements, and we expense the cost of repairs and maintenance, including planned major maintenance. We capitalize interest costs incurred on major construction projects. We depreciate these assets using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives as follows:
 
                 
          Carrying
 
          Value At
 
    Estimated
    Year-End
 
Classification
  Useful Lives     2007  
    (In millions)  
 
Land and land improvements
    N/A     $ 40  
Buildings and building improvements
    10 to 40 years       298  
Machinery and equipment:
               
Paper machines
    5 to 25 years       632  
Mill equipment
    5 to 25 years       79  
Converting equipment
    3 to 20 years       410  
Other production equipment
    5 to 25 years       5  
Transportation equipment
    3 to 20 years       28  
Office and other equipment
    3 to 5 years       20  
Construction in progress
    N/A       120  
                 
            $ 1,632  
                 
 
We include in property and equipment $57 million of assets subject to capital leases. We depreciate these assets and any improvements to leased assets using the straight-line method over the shorter of their lease term or their estimated useful lives. We expense operating leases ratably over the lease term.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
We recognize product revenue upon passage of title, which occurs at the time the product is delivered to the customer, the price is fixed and determinable, and we are reasonably sure of collection. Other revenue, which is not significant, is recognized when the service has been performed, the value is determinable, and we are reasonably sure of collection.
 
We include the amounts billed to customers for shipping in net revenues and the related costs in cost of sales.
 
We exclude from revenue, amounts we collect from customers that represent sales tax or other taxes that are based on the sale. These amounts are included in other accrued expenses until paid.
 
Share-Based Compensation
 
Beginning January 2006, we adopted the modified prospective application method contained in SFAS No. 123 (revised December 2004), Share-Based Payment (SFAS 123(R)), to account for share-based payments. As a result, we apply this pronouncement to new awards or modifications of existing awards in 2006 and thereafter. We had been expensing over the service period the fair value of share-based compensation awards granted, modified or settled in 2003 through 2005, using the prospective transition method of accounting contained in SFAS No. 148, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation-Transition and Disclosure, an amendment of FASB Statement No. 123. The principal effects of adopting SFAS 123(R) are:
 
  •  The fair value of awards granted to retirement eligible employees is expensed at the date of grant because our stock option awards and some of our other awards provide for accelerated or continued


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TEMPLE-INLAND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
  vesting upon retirement. Previously, the fair value of these awards was expensed over the expected service period. This change accelerated about $6 million of expense into first quarter 2006 related to awards granted in 2006. We will continue to expense the fair value of awards granted prior to 2006 over the expected service period.
 
  •  Forfeitures over the expected term of the award are estimated at the date of grant and the estimates adjusted to reflect actual subsequent forfeitures. Previously, we had reflected forfeitures as they occurred. The effect of this change was not significant.
 
  •  Tax benefits recognized as a result of the exercise of employee stock options are classified as a financing cash flow. Prior to 2006, we classified these tax benefits as an operating cash flow.
 
  •  The fair value of unvested outstanding options at the beginning of first quarter 2006 will be expensed over the remaining service period. The effect of this change was not significant because we began accounting for options at fair value determined at the date of grant in 2003. As a result, this applied only to our unvested outstanding options granted prior to 2003.
 
Adoption of this new pronouncement did not change the methodology we use to determine the fair value of our share-based compensation arrangements. We use the Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing model for stock options and the grant date or period-end fair value of our common stock for all other awards.
 
Prior to 2003, we used the intrinsic value method in accounting for stock options. As a result, no share-based compensation expense related to those stock options granted prior to 2003 is reflected in net income for 2005. The following table illustrates the effect on net income and earnings per share as if the fair value method had been applied to all options granted.
 
         
    For the Year
 
    2005  
    (In millions,
 
    except per share)  
 
Net income, as reported
  $ 176  
Add: Share-based compensation expense, net of related tax effects, included in the determination of reported net income(a)
    19  
Deduct: Total share-based compensation expense, net of related tax effects, determined under the fair value based method for all awards(a)
    (23 )
         
Pro forma net income
  $ 172  
         
Earnings per share
       
Basic, as reported
  $ 1.56  
Basic, pro forma
  $ 1.53  
Diluted, as reported
  $ 1.54  
Diluted, pro forma
  $ 1.50  
 
 
(a) Includes treasury stock contributions to fulfill our obligation for matching contributions to our 401(k) plans of $3 million, net of related tax effects.
 
Special Purpose and Variable Interest Entities
 
We account for special purpose and variable interest entities using FASB Interpretation No. 46 (revised December 2003), Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities an Interpretation of ARB No. 51. This interpretation provides guidance for determining whether an entity is a variable interest entity and which beneficiary of the variable interest entity, if any, should consolidate the variable interest entity.


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TEMPLE-INLAND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Timber and Timberland
 
In 2007, we sold all of our strategic timber and timberland.
 
We carried timber and timberland at cost, less the cost of timber cut. We capitalized the costs we paid to purchase timber and timberland, and we allocated that cost to the timber, timberland, and if applicable, mineral rights, based on estimated relative fair values, which in the case of significant purchases, we based on third-party appraisals.
 
We expensed the cost of timber cut based on the relationship of the timber carrying value to the estimated volume of recoverable timber multiplied by the amount of timber cut. We included the cost of timber cut in depreciation expense. We determined the estimated volume of recoverable timber using statistical information and other data related to growth rates and yields gathered from physical observations, models, and other information gathering techniques. Changes in yields were generally due to adjustments in growth rates and similar matters and were accounted for prospectively as changes in estimates. We capitalized reforestation costs incurred in developing viable seedling plantations (up to two years from planting), such as site preparation, seedlings, planting, fertilization, insect and wildlife control, and herbicide application. We expensed all other costs, such as property taxes and costs of forest management personnel, as incurred. Once the seedling plantation was viable, we expensed all costs to maintain the viable plantations, such as fertilization, herbicide application, insect and wildlife control, and thinning, as incurred. We capitalized costs incurred to initially build roads as land improvements, and we expensed as incurred costs to maintain these roads.
 
We determined the carrying value of timberland sold using the area method by county, which was based on the relationship of carrying value of timberland to total acres of timberland multiplied by acres of timberland sold. We determined the carrying value of timber sold by the average cost method, which was based on the relationship of timber carrying value to the estimate of recoverable timber multiplied by the amount of timber sold.
 
Pending Accounting Pronouncements
 
SFAS No. 141(R), Business Combinations — This new standard requires most identifiable assets, liabilities, noncontrolling interests, and goodwill acquired in a business combination to be recorded at full fair value. The new standard also changes the approach to determining the purchase price; the accounting for acquisition cost; and the accounting practices for acquired contingencies, restructuring costs, long-lived assets, in-process research and development, share-based payment awards, indemnification costs, and tax benefits. SFAS No. 141(R) is effective for any business combination occurring after our year-end 2008.
 
SFAS No. 157, Fair Value Measures — This standard defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. This guidance applies to fair value measurements already required or permitted and will be effective for our first quarter 2008. We do not expect that adoption will have a significant effect on our earnings or financial position.
 
SFAS No. 159, The Fair Value Options for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities — This standard permits the election of fair value as the initial and subsequent measurement method for many financial assets and liabilities. Subsequent changes in the fair value would be recognized in earnings as they occur. Electing the fair value option requires the disclosure of the fair value of affected assets and liabilities on the balance sheet or in the notes to the financial statements. SFAS No. 159 is effective for our first quarter 2008. We do not anticipate electing this option.
 
SFAS No. 160, Noncontrolling Interest in Consolidated Financial Statements — This new standard specifies that noncontrolling interests be reported as a part of equity, not as a liability or other item outside of


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TEMPLE-INLAND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
equity. SFAS No. 160 is effective for our first quarter 2009. Based on our current understanding, we do not expect that adoption will have a significant effect on our earnings or financial position.
 
Note 2 — Acquisitions
 
In 2006, we purchased for $150 million our partner’s 50 percent interest in Standard Gypsum LP, which manufactured and sold gypsum wallboard. We also paid off the partnership’s $56 million credit agreement, of which $28 million related to the purchased interest. We financed this purchase with borrowings under our revolving credit facilities. We believe that this acquisition will allow us to continue to generate earnings and returns from our gypsum wallboard operations, as these operations are low cost and are located near fast growing markets.
 
We no longer maintain Standard Gypsum as a separate legal entity and include all of its assets and liabilities, results of operations, and cash flows in our consolidated financial statements. Previously we had accounted for our interest in Standard Gypsum using the equity method. We allocated the purchase price to the 50 percent of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on our estimates of their fair value at the date of acquisition. We based these estimates of fair values on independent appraisals and other information. Goodwill is allocated to the building products segment, and we anticipate that all of the goodwill will be deductible for income tax purposes. The other 50 percent of the assets and liabilities, which we already owned, were included at their carrying value.
 
A summary of the net assets at the date of acquisition (50 percent at fair value and 50 percent at carrying value) follows:
 
         
    Total  
    (In millions)  
 
Current assets
  $ 35  
Property and equipment
    74  
Goodwill
    129  
         
Total assets
    238  
         
Current liabilities
    (13 )
Current portion of long-term debt
    (56 )
         
Total liabilities
    (69 )
         
Net assets at date of acquisition
  $ 169  
         
 
Unaudited pro forma information assuming this acquisition and related financing had occurred at the beginning of 2005 would have resulted in revenues of $4.04 billion, income from continuing operations of $32 million, and income from continuing operations per diluted share of $0.28.
 
We derived these pro forma results by adjusting for the effects of the purchase price allocations and financing described above. These pro forma results are not necessarily an indication of what would have occurred if the acquisition and financing had been completed at the beginning of 2005 and are not intended to be indicative of future results.
 
Note 3 — Joint Ventures
 
Our significant manufacturing joint venture investments at year-end 2007 are: Premier Boxboard Limited LLC, a 50 percent owned venture that produces gypsum facing paper and corrugating medium in Newport, Indiana , and Del-Tin Fiber LLC, a 50 percent owned venture that produces medium density fiberboard in El Dorado, Arkansas.. The joint venture partner in each of these ventures is a publicly-held company unrelated to us. In January 2006, we purchased our partner’s 50 percent interest in Standard Gypsum LP. As a result,


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TEMPLE-INLAND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
beginning in 2006, we include all of its assets and liabilities, results of operations, and cash flow in our consolidated financial statements. Please read Note 2 for additional information.
 
Combined summarized financial information for these joint ventures follows:
 
                 
    At Year-End  
    2007     2006  
    (In millions)  
 
Current assets
  $ 29     $ 26  
Total assets
    234       241  
Current liabilities(a)
    25       24  
Long-term debt
    85       90  
Equity
    124       127  
Our investment in joint ventures:
               
50 percent share in joint ventures’ equity
  $ 62     $ 63  
Unamortized basis difference
    (30 )     (32 )
                 
Investment in joint ventures
  $ 32     $ 31  
                 
 
 
(a) Includes current maturities of debt of $6 million in 2007 and $6 million in 2006.
 
                         
    For the Year  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In millions)  
 
Net revenues
  $ 200     $ 192     $ 378  
Operating income
    13       24       85  
Earnings
    5       17       74  
Our equity in earnings:
                       
50 percent share of earnings
  $ 3     $ 8     $ 37  
Amortization of basis difference
    2       3       2  
                         
Equity in earnings of joint ventures
  $ 5     $ 11     $ 39  
                         
 
We and our joint venture partners contribute to these ventures and receive distributions from them equally. In 2007, we contributed $4 million to these ventures and received $8 million in distributions, in 2006 we contributed $3 million and received $12 million in distributions, and in 2005 we contributed $5 million and received $43 million in distributions.
 
Our investment in these joint ventures is included in other assets, and our equity in their earnings is included in other operating income (expense). Our investment in and our equity in their earnings differs from our 50 percent interest due to the difference between the fair value of net assets contributed to the Premier Boxboard joint venture and our carrying value of those assets. When we contributed the Newport, Indiana mill and its associated debt to the Premier Boxboard joint venture in 2000, the fair value of the net assets exceeded our carrying value by $55 million. The joint venture recorded the contributed assets at fair value. We did not recognize a gain as a result of the contribution of assets, thus creating a difference in the carrying value of our investment and our underlying equity in the venture. We are amortizing this difference over the same period as the underlying mill assets are being depreciated by the joint venture to reflect depreciation of the mill as if it were consolidated by us at its historical carrying value. At year-end 2007, the unamortized basis difference was $30 million.
 
We provide marketing services to the Del-Tin joint venture, and prior to 2006, we provided marketing and management services to the Standard Gypsum joint venture. Fees for these services were $2 million in 2007, $3 million in 2006, and $8 million in 2005 and are included as a reduction of cost of sales and selling


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TEMPLE-INLAND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
expense. We also purchase, at market rates, finished products from the Premier Boxboard joint venture, which aggregated $47 million in 2007, $62 million in 2006, and $40 million in 2005.
 
In 2005, we sold about 7,000 acres of timber and timberland to a joint venture in which our former real estate segment owned 50 percent and an unrelated public company owned the other 50 percent. This acreage was sold pursuant to the terms of a long-standing option agreement, which was about to expire. The joint venture intended to hold the land for future development and sale. We recognized about half of the $10 million gain in income in 2005 and recognized the remainder in 2007 when we spun off our real estate segment.
 
Note 4 — Long-Term Debt
 
Long-term debt consists of:
 
                 
    At Year-End  
    2007     2006  
    (In millions)  
 
Borrowings under bank credit agreements — average interest rate of 6.26% in 2007 and 5.89% in 2006
  $     $ 12  
Accounts receivable securitization facility — average interest rate of 5.44% in 2007 and 5.05% in 2006
    1       164  
6.75% Notes, payable in 2009
    14       300  
7.875% Senior Notes, payable in 2012, net of discounts
    285       498  
6.375% Senior Notes, payable in 2016, net of discounts
    249       249  
6.625% Senior Notes, payable in 2018, net of discounts
    248       248  
Revenue bonds, payable 2007 through 2024 — average interest rate of 5.41% in 2007 and 5.75% in 2006
    51       65  
Other indebtedness due through 2027 — average interest rate of 7.89% in 2007 and 6.99% in 2006
    7       61  
                 
      855       1,597  
Less current portion of long-term debt
    (3 )     (13 )
                 
    $ 852     $ 1,584  
                 
 
At year-end 2007, we had $835 million in committed credit agreements. These committed agreements include a $750 million credit agreement that expires in 2011. The remaining $85 million of credit agreements expire between 2008 and 2010. At year-end 2007, our unused capacity under these facilities was $821 million.
 
At year-end 2007, we had a $250 million accounts receivable securitization facility that expires in 2010. Under this facility, a wholly-owned, bankruptcy-remote subsidiary purchases, on an on-going basis, substantially all our trade receivables. As we need funds, the subsidiary draws under its revolving credit arrangement, pledges the trade receivables as collateral, and remits the proceeds to us. In the event of liquidation of the subsidiary, its creditors would be entitled to satisfy their claims from the subsidiary’s assets prior to distributions back to us. At year-end 2007, the subsidiary owned $361 million in net trade receivables against which it had borrowed $1 million under this facility. At year-end 2007, the unused capacity under this facility was $246 million. We include this subsidiary in our consolidated financial statements.
 
Maturities of our debt during the next five years are (in millions): 2008 — $3; 2009 — $33; 2010 — $2; 2011 — $11; 2012 — $293; and thereafter — $513. We have classified $10 million of 2008 stated maturities as long-term based on our intent and ability to refinance them on a long-term basis.
 
In December 2007, we completed a cash tender offer for $286 million of 6.75% Notes payable in 2009 and $213 million of 7.875% Senior Notes payable in 2012. We incurred $40 million in costs related to these tender offers, which was included in other non-operating (income) expense.
 
In December 2005, we completed a cash tender offer for $425 million of debt. We incurred $6 million in costs related to this tender offer, which was included in other non-operating (income) expense.


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TEMPLE-INLAND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
We capitalized and deducted from interest expense interest incurred on major construction and information technology projects of $1 million in 2007, $1 million in 2006, and $1 million in 2005. We paid interest of $125 million in 2007, $106 million in 2006, and $109 million in 2005.
 
Note 5 — Financial Assets and Nonrecourse Financial Liabilities of Special Purpose Entities
 
In October 2007, we received $2.38 billion in notes from the sale of 1.55 million acres of timberland, which we contributed to two wholly-owned, bankruptcy-remote special purpose entities. The notes are secured by irrevocable letters of credit, are due in 2027, and require quarterly interest payments based on variable interest rates that reset quarterly (4.98 percent at year-end 2007).
 
In December 2007, the special purpose entities pledged the notes and irrevocable letters of credit to secure $2.14 billion nonrecourse loans payable in 2027. These borrowings require quarterly interest payments based on variable interest rates that reset quarterly (5.67 percent at year-end 2007).
 
We include these special purpose entities in our consolidated financial statements.
 
Note 6 — Capital Stock
 
From February 2005 through year-end 2007, our Board of Directors approved repurchase programs aggregating 29.0 million shares. As of year-end 2007, we had repurchased 22.4 million shares under these programs. In 2007, we initiated no share purchases , but we settled $24 million of share purchases that were initiated in fourth quarter 2006. As of year-end 2007, there are 6.6 million shares remaining under current repurchase authorizations.
 
Pursuant to the Shareholder Rights Plan, each share of common stock outstanding is coupled with one-quarter of a preferred stock purchase right (Right). Each Right entitles our shareholders to purchase, under certain conditions, one one-hundredth of a share of newly issued Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock at an exercise price of $200. Rights will be exercisable only if someone acquires beneficial ownership of 20 percent or more of our common shares or commences a tender or exchange offer, upon consummation of which they would beneficially own 25 percent or more of our common shares. We will generally be entitled to redeem the Rights at $0.01 per Right at any time until the 10th business day following public announcement that a 20 percent position has been acquired. The Rights will expire on February 20, 2009.
 
Please read Note 9 for information about additional shares of common stock that could be issued under terms of our share-based compensation plans.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Note 7 — Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
The components of and changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) were:
 
                                         
    Unrealized
                         
    Gains (Losses)
          Foreign
             
    on Available-
    Defined
    Currency
             
    For-Sale
    Benefit
    Translation
    Derivative
       
    Securities     Plans     Adjustment     Instruments     Total  
    (In millions)  
 
Balance at beginning of year 2005
  $ 5     $ (171 )   $ (26 )   $     $ (192 )
Changes during the year
    (4 )     6       4       (1 )     5  
Deferred taxes on changes
    1       (3 )                 (2 )
                                         
Net change for 2005
    (3 )     3       4       (1 )     3  
                                         
Balance at year-end 2005
  $ 2     $ (168 )   $ (22 )   $ (1 )   $ (189 )
                                         
Changes during the year
    (1 )     95       (2 )     1       93  
Deferred taxes on changes
          (38 )                 (38 )
                                         
Net change for 2006
    (1 )     57       (2 )     1       55  
                                         
Adoption of SFAS No. 158, net of deferred taxes of $35
          (57 )                 (57 )
                                         
Balance at year-end 2006
  $ 1     $ (168 )   $ (24 )   $     $ (191 )
                                         
Changes during the year
    (56 )     85                   29  
Deferred taxes on changes
    20       (32 )                 (12 )
                                         
Net change for 2007
    (36 )     53                   17  
Spin-off of Guaranty
    35                         35  
                                         
Balance at year-end 2007
  $     $ (115 )   $ (24 )   $     $ (139 )
                                         
 
Note 8 — Pension and Postretirement Plans
 
The annual expense of our benefit plans consists of:
 
                         
    For the Year  
    2007     2006     2005  
    (In millions)  
 
401 (k) matching plan
  $ 17     $ 16     $ 16  
Defined benefit
    35       46       49  
Postretirement medical
    8       9       8  
                         
    $ 60     $ 71     $ 73  
                         
 
Our 401(k) matching plan covers substantially all employees and is fully funded.
 
Our defined benefit plan covers substantially all salaried and hourly employees. Salaried and nonunion hourly employee benefits are based on compensation and years of service, while union hourly plans are based on negotiated benefits and years of service. Our policy is to fund our qualified defined benefit plan on an actuarial basis to accumulate assets sufficient to meet the benefits to be paid in accordance with ERISA requirements. However, from time to time we may make voluntary, discretionary contributions. Our supplemental defined benefit plan is unfunded.
 
Our postretirement medical plan provides medical benefits to eligible salaried and hourly employees who begin drawing retirement benefits immediately after termination of employment. Our postretirement plan


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TEMPLE-INLAND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
provides for medical coverage, including a prescription drug subsidy, for certain participants. Our postretirement plan is funded to the extent of benefit payments.
 
Additional information about our defined benefit and postretirement medical plans follows.
 
Obligations and Funded Status
 
Beginning in 2007, we measure the defined benefit and postretirement medical plans benefit obligation, value plan assets, and determine funded status and annual expense at year end. Prior to 2007, we used September 30 as our measurement date. The projected benefit obligation of our defined benefit plan represents the present value of benefits earned adjusted for projected future compensation increases to the date of retirement. The accumulated postretirement benefit obligation of our postretirement benefits plan represents the present value of benefits attributable to employee service periods. The projected benefit obligation and the accumulated postretirement benefit obligation are collectively referred to as benefit obligation. The fair value of plan assets represents the fair value, generally market value at the measurement date, of all plan assets. The funded status for the plans represents the difference between the benefit obligation and the fair value of the plan assets.
 
A summary of the changes in the benefit obligation, plan assets, and funded status follows: