10-K 1 v370530_10k.htm 10-K
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-K
 
x
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2013
 
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from ___ to ___
 
Commission file number: 0-12957
 
Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
 
22-2372868
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
20 Kingsbridge Road, Piscataway, New Jersey
 
08854
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (732) 980-4500
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of Class
 
Name of Exchange on Which Registered
 
 
 
Common Stock, $.01 par value
 
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
¨  Yes    x No
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. ¨  Yes    x No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. x  Yes    ¨  No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). x  Yes    ¨  No
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  x
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:
 
¨  Large accelerated filer    x  Accelerated filer    ¨  Non-accelerated filer    ¨  Smaller reporting company
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). ¨  Yes    x  No
 
The aggregate market value of the Common Stock, $.01 par value per share (“Common Stock”), held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $86,914,342 as of June 30, 2013, based upon the closing sale price on The NASDAQ Stock Market of $2.00 per share reported for the immediately prior trading day. Shares of Common Stock held by each executive officer and director of the registrant as of June 30, 2013 have been excluded in that such shares may be deemed to be owned by affiliates. This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes.
 
There were 44,093,515 shares of Common Stock issued and outstanding as of March 6, 2014.
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
 
If the registrant files a definitive proxy statement relating to its 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders with the Commission not later than 120 days after December 31, 2013, portions of such definitive proxy statement will be incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K where indicated. However, if such definitive proxy statement is not filed with the Commission in such 120-day period, the registrant will file an amendment to this Annual Report on Form 10-K with the Commission not later than the end of such 120-day period to include the information required by Part III of Form 10-K.
 
 
 
ENZON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
 
2013 Annual Report on Form 10-K
 
Table of Contents
 
 
 
 
Page
PART I
Item 1.
Business
 
4
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
 
14
Item 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments
 
21
Item 2.
Properties
 
21
Item 3.
Legal Proceedings
 
21
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
 
21
 
PART II
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
22
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data
 
25
Item 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
27
Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
39
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
40
Item 9.
Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
 
40
Item 9A.
Controls and Procedures
 
40
Item 9B.
Other Information
 
43
 
PART III
 
 
 
 
Item 10.
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
 
43
Item 11.
Executive Compensation
 
43
Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
 
43
Item 13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
 
43
Item 14.
Principal Accounting Fees and Services
 
43
 
PART IV
 
 
 
 
Item 15.
Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
 
43
 
 
2

 
Unless the context requires otherwise, references in this Annual Report on Form 10-K to “Enzon,” the “Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our” and similar terms mean Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and its subsidiaries.
 
This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, other than statements that are purely historical, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “potential,” “anticipates,” “plans,” or “intends” or the negative thereof, or other variations thereof, or comparable terminology, or by discussions of strategy. Forward-looking statements are based upon management’s present expectations, objectives, anticipations, plans, hopes, beliefs, intentions or strategies regarding the future and are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results, events or developments to be materially different from those indicated in such forward-looking statements, including the risks and uncertainties set forth in Item 1A. Risk Factors of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. These risks and uncertainties should be considered carefully and readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements. As such, no assurance can be given that the future results covered by the forward-looking statements will be achieved. All information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K speaks only as of the date of the filing of this report, unless otherwise indicated. We do not intend to update this information to reflect events after the date of this report.
 
Our website is located at www.enzon.com. Copies of our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, our Current Reports on Form 8-K and our other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, can be obtained, free of charge as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with, or furnished to the SEC, from our Investor Relations Department by calling (732) 980-4500, through an e-mail request to investor@enzon.com, through the SEC’s website by clicking the SEC Filings link from the Investors and Media page on our website at www.enzon.com or directly from the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Our website and the information contained therein or connected thereto are not intended to be incorporated into this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
 
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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
FORM 10-K
ENZON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
 
PART I.
 
Item 1. Business
 
We receive royalty revenues from existing licensing arrangements with other companies primarily related to sales of six marketed drug products, namely, PegIntron®, Sylatron®, Macugen®, CIMZIA®, Oncaspar and Adagen. The primary source of our royalty revenues is sales of PegIntron, which is marketed by Merck & Co., Inc. (“Merck”). We currently have no clinical operations and limited corporate operations. Royalty revenues from sales of PegIntron accounted for approximately 87%, 93% and 94% of our total royalty revenues in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.   
 
We were previously dedicated to the research and development of innovative therapeutics for patients with high unmet medical needs. In December 2012, we announced that our Board of Directors retained Lazard Frères & Co. LLC (“Lazard”) to act as financial advisor in a review of the possible sale or disposition of one or more corporate assets or a sale of our Company and that our Board of Directors established a special committee to oversee our sale review process. In connection with our sale review process, we substantially suspended all clinical development activities with a goal of conserving capital and maximizing value returned to our stockholders. In April 2013, we announced that we had concluded a review of the sale or disposition of one or more corporate assets or a sale of our Company. The review did not result in a definitive offer to acquire our Company or all or substantially all of our Company’s assets. In the same announcement, we also announced that our Board of Directors intends to distribute excess cash, expected to arise from ongoing royalty revenues, in the form of periodic dividends to stockholders.
 
In April 2013, pursuant to the terms of an asset purchase agreement, we sold to Belrose Pharma, Inc. (“Belrose”) all right, title and interest to our Customized PEGylation platform and related assets.  The assets included (i) intellectual property and know-how associated with the PEGylation platform, (ii) patents and know-how related to PEG SN-38, (iii) patents and know-how associated with certain of our internal clinical programs and (iv) certain related supplies and equipment.
 
In September 2013, we entered into a sublease agreement, which was amended and restated in November 2013, with Axcellerate Pharma, LLC (“Axcellerate”), pursuant to which we sublease to Axcellerate a portion of our premises consisting of approximately 30,000 rentable square feet of the building located at 20 Kingsbridge Road, Piscataway, New Jersey and a share of related parking areas. The term of the sublease commenced on November 14, 2013 and will expire on July 30, 2021. The monthly fixed rent payable by Axcellerate to us under the sublease is as follows: (i) in year one, $10,417, (ii) in year two, $15,625, (iii) in year three, $20,833, (iv) in year four, $26,042 and (v) in each of years five through eight, $35,000. The sublease also provides for Axcellerate to pay additional rent to cover its applicable share of real estate taxes, operating expenses, sewer and gas usage, water usage, electricity usage and certain other charges incurred by Axcellerate.
 
In October 2013, we terminated our License and Collaboration Agreement with Santaris Pharma A/S (“Santaris”) whereby we returned to Santaris the rights to molecules utilizing LNA technology including the mRNA antagonists targeting Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1 alpha (HIF-1 alpha), the Androgen Receptor (AR), HER3, and Beta-catenin.
 
We wound down our remaining research and development activities during 2013. We have no intention of resuming any clinical development activities or acquiring new sources of royalty revenues.
 
 
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ROYALTIES
 
Our primary source of revenues is the royalties that we receive on third-party sales of marketed drug products that utilize our proprietary technology. We receive royalties on six marketed drug products that utilize our proprietary PEGylation platform, namely PegIntron®, Sylatron®, Macugen®, CIMZIA®, Oncaspar and Adagen, with PegIntron being the largest source of our royalty income. Royalty revenues from sales of PegIntron accounted for approximately 87%, 93% and 94% of our total royalty revenues in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
 
DRUG PRODUCT
 
PRIMARY OR
TARGET
INDICATIONS
 
DRUG MARKETER
 
ROYALTY
EXPIRATION
PegIntron (peginterferon alfa-2b)
Sylatron (peginterferon alfa 2b)
 
Chronic hepatitis C
 
Melanoma
 
Merck
 
U.S. - 2016
Europe - 2018
Japan – 2019
Rest of world – varies by country
Macugen (pegaptanib sodium injection)
 
Neovascular (wet) age-related macular degeneration
 
Valeant Pharmaceuticals Inc. (“Valeant”) and Pfizer Inc.
 
U.S. – 2014
Great Britain -
2014
Rest of world – 2018
CIMZIA (certolizumab pegol)
 
Crohn’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis
 
UCB Pharma
 
U.S. – 2014
Great Britain -
2014
Rest of world – 2018
Oncaspar (PEG-L-apsaraginase)
 
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
 
Sigma Tau
 
2014
Adagen (PEG-adenosine deaminase)
 
Severe combined immunedeficiency
 
Sigma Tau
 
2014
 
 
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PegIntron is a PEG-enhanced version of Merck’s alpha interferon product, INTRON ® A, which is used both as a monotherapy and in combination with REBETOL ® (ribavirin) capsules for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C. Merck holds an exclusive worldwide license to PegIntron. We are entitled to receive royalties on Merck’s worldwide sales of PegIntron until certain expiration dates set forth in the license agreement which are expected to occur in 2016 in the U.S., 2018 in Europe and 2019 in Japan. Merck is responsible for all manufacturing, marketing, and development activities for PegIntron. We designed PegIntron to allow for less frequent dosing and to yield greater efficacy, as compared to INTRON ® A. On March 29, 2011, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved peginterferon alfa-2b (Sylatron®) to treat melanoma with nodal involvement after surgical resection.
 
Sales of PegIntron have been in decline since 2008. Products that compete with PegIntron have been and potentially will be introduced by other drug manufacturers. Hoffmann-La Roche’s PEGASYS, a competing PEGylated interferon alfa, has resulted in significant competitive pressure on PegIntron sales in the U.S. and all international markets. PEGASYS has taken market share away from PegIntron and the overall market for PEGylated alpha-interferon for the treatment of hepatitis C has been contracting. As a result, sales of PegIntron in certain markets where it competes with PEGASYS and the royalties we receive on those sales have declined. On December 6, 2013, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Gilead’s Sovaldi (sofosbuvir) 400 mg tablets, a once-daily oral nucleotide analog polymerase inhibitor for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C infection as a component of a combination antiviral treatment regimen. Sovaldi was approved in combination with peg-interferon alpha and ribavirin for genotype 1 and 4 patients, and in combination with ribavirin for genotype 2 and 3 patients. On January 17, 2014, the European Commission granted marketing authorization for Sovaldi. We expect that the adoption of Sovaldi will have a negative impact on PegIntron revenues. Furthermore, there are several other novel agents in various stages of preclinical and clinical development for the treatment of hepatitis C which either include or eliminate combination with pegylated interferon. It is possible that this research could lead to other competing products.
 
We have out-licensed our proprietary PEGylation and single-chain antibody, or SCA, technologies on our own and through agreements with Nektar Therapeutics, Inc. (“Nektar”) and Micromet AG (“Micromet”). Under our Cross-License and Option Agreement with Nektar, Nektar had the lead role in granting sublicenses for certain of our PEGylation patents and we receive royalties on sales of any approved product for which a sublicense has been granted. Effective in January 2007, Nektar’s right to grant additional sublicenses is limited to a certain class of PEGylation patents. Existing sublicenses granted by Nektar prior to January 2007 were unaffected by this change in Nektar’s rights. Currently, we are aware of five third-party products for which Nektar has granted sublicenses to our PEGylation technology, including Valeant/Pfizer’s Macugen, UCB’s CIMZIA, Affymax and Takeda’s OMONTYS, Hoffmann-La Roche’s PEGASYS and an undisclosed Pfizer product. Our U.S. rights to receive royalties under our agreement with Nektar relating to CIMZIA, Macugen and OMONTYS expire in 2014. After the expiration of our sublicensed patents, we may be entitled to lesser immunity fees on a country-by-country and product-by-product basis for up to twelve years from the date of first sale of these drugs.
 
CIMZIA was approved in April 2008 for the treatment of Crohn’s disease. In May 2009, CIMZIA was approved for adult patients suffering from moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis. Macugen is being marketed by Valeant in the U.S. and by Pfizer in the rest of the world for the treatment of neovascular (wet) age-related macular degeneration, an eye disease associated with aging that destroys central vision. OMONTYS, which was approved on March 27, 2012, is a synthetic peptide-based erythropoiesis-stimulating agent marketed by Affymax and Takeda for the treatment of anemia in chronic kidney failure. On February 23, 2013, Affymax and Takeda announced a nationwide voluntary recall of all lots of OMONTYS (peginesatide) injection to the user level as a result of new postmarketing reports regarding serious hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, which can be life-threatening or fatal.
 
 
6

 
As part of the January 2010 sale of our former specialty pharmaceutical business, we are entitled to royalties of from 5 and 10 percent on net sales above certain baseline net sales of the four marketed drug products (Adagen®, Oncaspar®, Abelcet®, and DepoCyt®) through 2014.
 
DEVELOPMENT AND COMMERCIALIZATION AGREEMENTS
 
MERCK AGREEMENT
 
Our PEGylation technology was used to develop an improved version of Merck’s product, INTRON A. Merck is responsible for marketing and manufacturing the product, PegIntron, worldwide on an exclusive basis and we receive royalties on worldwide sales of PegIntron for all indications. Merck’s obligation to pay us royalties on sales of PegIntron terminates, on a country-by-country basis, upon the later of the date on which the last patent to contain a claim covering PegIntron expires in the country or 15 years after the date on which PegIntron was first approved for commercial marketing in such country. Currently, expirations of our right to receive royalties are expected to occur in 2016 in the U.S., 2018 in Europe and 2019 in Japan. The royalty percentage to which we are entitled may be lower in any country where a PEGylated alpha-interferon product is being marketed by a third party in competition with PegIntron where such third party is not Hoffmann-La Roche.
 
We do not supply Merck with PegIntron or any other materials and our agreement with Merck does not obligate Merck to purchase or sell specified quantities of any product. Further, we have no involvement in the selling or marketing of PegIntron.
 
In 2007, we sold a 25-percent interest in future royalties payable to us by Merck on sales of PegIntron occurring after June 30, 2007 for a net purchase price of $88.7 million. The royalty sale agreement contained a provision under which we could receive an additional $15.0 million in the first quarter of 2012 if the purchaser received a certain threshold of royalties on net sales of PegIntron occurring from July 1, 2007 through December 31, 2011. This threshold was not reached and no additional payment is due from the purchaser.
 
SANTARIS PHARMA A/S LICENSE AGREEMENT
 
We were party to a license and collaboration agreement with Santaris pursuant to which we held exclusive rights worldwide, other than in Europe, to develop and commercialize RNA antagonists directed against the HIF-1 alpha, and Androgen Receptor (AR) targets, as well as RNA antagonists directed against two additional gene targets selected by us which were HER3 and ß-catenin. This agreement provided that any one of the compounds licensed by us from Santaris could be returned to Santaris if the findings of our preclinical or clinical work did not support our continued investment. We returned three of the targets to Santaris during 2011 and one target to Santaris during 2012. The remaining targets were returned to Santaris in October 2013 and the license and collaboration agreement with Santaris was terminated.
 
 
7

 
Peginterferon alfa 2b was approved for melanoma in March 2011 under the brand name Sylatron®.
 
NEKTAR AGREEMENT
 
In January 2002, we entered into a Cross-License and Option Agreement with Nektar pursuant to which we and Nektar provided certain licenses to selected portions of each party’s PEGylation patent portfolio. Under this agreement, we granted Nektar the right to grant sub-licenses for a portion of our patents related to our PEGylation technology to third-parties. Effective in January 2007, Nektar’s right to grant additional sublicenses was limited to a certain class of our PEGylation technology. Existing sub-licenses granted by Nektar prior to January 2007 were not affected. We will receive a royalty or a share of Nektar’s profits for any products that utilize our patented PEGylation technology under a license granted by Nektar. The rights to receive royalties from Nektar agreements relating to CIMZIA, Macugen and OMONTYS expire in 2014 in the U.S. and as late as 2018 in countries outside the U.S. After the expiration of our sublicensed patents, we may be entitled to lesser immunity fees on a country-by-country and product-by-product basis for up to twelve years from the date of first sale of these drugs.
 
ZHEJIANG HISUN PHARMACEUTICAL CO., LTD. (HISUN)
 
In May 2012, we entered into a Collaboration Agreement with Zhejiang Hisun Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. ("Hisun") pursuant to which we licensed to Hisun exclusive development and commercialization rights for PEG-SN38 in China.  In consideration for the license, Enzon received an upfront fee of $0.2 million and was entitled to (i) payments based upon the achievement of certain milestones and (ii) royalties based upon net sales for any PEG-SN38 product developed and commercialized in China.  Under the terms of this agreement, Enzon retained rights for PEG-SN38 outside of China. The Hisun agreement was assigned to Belrose in April 2013 as part of an asset purchase agreement we entered into with Belrose (see below).
 
BELROSE
 
In April 2013, pursuant to the terms of an asset purchase agreement, we sold to Belrose for the sale of all right, title and interest to our Customized PEGylation platform and related assets.  The assets included (i) intellectual property and know-how associated with the PEGylation platform, (ii) patents and know-how related to PEG SN-38, (iii) patents and know-how associated with certain of the Company’s internal clinical programs and (iv) certain related supplies and equipment. In addition, the Company assigned to Belrose the Company’s existing license agreement with Zhejiang Hisun Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. The asset purchase agreement also entitles the Company to receive from Belrose additional potential payments, including a share of net revenues that may be received from Hisun related to PEG-SN38 rights in China as well as a share of other potential partnering revenues. The achievement of any of these potential payments is uncertain.
 
COMPETITION
 
General
 
Competition in the biotechnology industry is intense and based to a significant degree on scientific and technological factors. These factors include, but are not limited to, the availability of patent and other protection of technology and products, the ability to commercialize products and technological developments, the ability to obtain governmental approval for testing, manufacturing and marketing of products, and the ability to enter into licensing and similar arrangements to facilitate the development of products and meet other business objectives.
 
PegIntron
 
PegIntron, marketed by Merck, competes directly with Hoffmann-La Roche’s PEGASYS. Merck and Hoffmann-La Roche have been the major competitors in the global interferon alfa market since the approval of their unmodified alpha interferon products, INTRON A and ROFERON-A, respectively, and the PEGylated interferon-based combination therapy is a highly competitive market. On December 6, 2013, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Gilead’s Sovaldi (sofosbuvir) 400 mg tablets, a once-daily oral nucleotide analog polymerase inhibitor for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C infection as a component of a combination antiviral treatment regimen. Sovaldi was approved in combination with peg-interferon alpha and ribavirin for genotype 1 and 4 patients, and in combination with ribavirin for genotype 2 and 3 patients. On January 17, 2014, the European Commission granted marketing authorization for Sovaldi. We expect that the adoption of Sovaldi will have a negative impact on PegIntron revenues. Furthermore, there are several other novel agents in various stages of preclinical and clinical development for the treatment of hepatitis C which either include or eliminate combination with pegylated interferon. It is possible that this research could lead to other competing products.
 
 
8

 
Sylatron
 
PegIntron was approved for melanoma in March 2011 under the brand name Sylatron®. Merck competes with marketed drugs sold by Bayer and by Bristol-Myers Squibb.
 
Macugen
 
Macugen, marketed by Valeant and Pfizer Inc., currently competes against several other therapies for the treatment of neovascular (wet) age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Additional treatments for AMD are in various stages of preclinical or clinical testing. If approved, these treatments would also compete with Macugen.
 
 
9

 
CIMZIA
 
CIMZIA, which is marketed by UCB, currently competes against therapies for the treatment of moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn’s disease. CIMZIA is a biologic medicine that counteracts tumor necrosis factor (or TNF), which promotes inflammation of the joints in rheumatoid arthritis. Other TNF inhibitors approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis include etanercept, infliximab, adalimumab, and golimumab. Infliximab and adalimumab are also used in the treatment of Crohn’s disease. Both diseases also have additional approved treatments that are not TNF inhibitors, as well as other treatments in various stages of preclinical or clinical testing. If approved, these treatments would also compete with CIMZIA.
 
OMONTYS
 
OMONTYS, co-developed and marketed by Takeda and Affymax, was approved in March 2012 for the treatment of anemia due to chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adult patients on dialysis. OMONTYS competes with erythropoiesis stimulating agents including Epogen and Aranesp which are marketed by Amgen, Inc. On February 23, 2013, Affymax and Takeda announced a nationwide voluntary recall of all lots of OMONTYS (peginesatide) injection to the user level as a result of new postmarketing reports regarding serious hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, which can be life-threatening or fatal. This recall will negatively affect our future royalty revenues from OMONTYS.
 
PEG-SN38
 
There are a number of drugs in various stages of preclinical and clinical development from companies exploring cancer therapies or improved chemotherapeutic agents to potentially treat the same cancer indications that our PEG-SN38 may be developed to treat. Additionally, there are a number of drugs in development based on the active metabolite SN38. If these drugs are approved, they could compete directly with PEG-SN38. These include products in development from Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Pfizer Inc., GlaxoSmithKline plc, Antigenics Inc., Hoffman-La Roche Ltd., Novartis AG, Cell Therapeutics, Inc., Neopharm, Inc., Meditech Research Limited and others. Nektar Therapeutics is also developing a PEGylated form of irinotecan. Irinotecan is a pro-drug of SN38. Nektar has reported that this product candidate is currently in Phase III trials.
 
PATENTS AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
 
Patents are very important to us in establishing the proprietary rights to the products we have developed or licensed. The patent position of pharmaceutical or biotechnology companies can be uncertain and involve complex legal, scientific and factual questions. If our intellectual property positions are challenged, invalidated or circumvented, or if we fail to prevail in potential future intellectual property litigation, our business could be adversely affected. We have an extensive portfolio of issued U.S. patents and filed applications, many of which have foreign counterparts. Of the patents owned or exclusively licensed by us, one relates to PegIntron. The patent related to PegIntron (peginterferon alfa-2b) is expected to expire in 2015 in the U.S. and internationally in 2018 (including any patent term extensions). Although we believe that our patents provide certain protection from competition, we cannot assure you that such patents will be of substantial protection or commercial benefit to us, will afford us adequate protection from competing products, or will not be challenged or declared invalid. In addition, we cannot assure you that additional U.S. patents or foreign patent equivalents will be issued to us.
 
Patents for individual products extend for varying periods according to the date of patent filing or grant and the legal term of patents in the various countries where patent protection is obtained. The actual protection afforded by a patent, which can vary from country to country, depends upon the type of patent, the scope of its coverage and the availability of legal remedies in the country.
 
As part of our sale of assets to Belrose, we assigned our patents relating to PEG technology and our PEG-SN38 clinical candidate to Belrose. As part of our agreement with Santaris, we assigned our rights to our LNA clinical candidates and other LNA compounds to Santaris.
 
 
10

 
In the field of SCA proteins, we have several U.S. and foreign patents and pending patent applications.
 
GOVERNMENT REGULATION
 
Although we are no longer engaged in clinical activities, our patent assignees are subject to various government regulatory processes.  The FDA and comparable regulatory agencies in state and local jurisdictions and in foreign countries impose substantial requirements on the clinical development, manufacture, and marketing of pharmaceutical products. These agencies and other federal, state, local and foreign entities regulate research and development activities and the inspection, testing, manufacture, quality assurance, safety, effectiveness, labeling, packaging, storage, distribution, record-keeping, approval, and promotion of products. Drug products require regulatory approval before commercialization. In particular, therapeutic products for human use are subject to rigorous preclinical and clinical testing and other requirements of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and the Public Health Service Act, implemented by the FDA, as well as similar statutory and regulatory requirements of foreign countries. Obtaining these marketing approvals and subsequently complying with ongoing statutory and regulatory requirements is costly and time consuming. Any failure by us or our collaborators, licensors or licensees to obtain, or any delay in obtaining, regulatory approval or in complying with post-approval requirements, could adversely affect the value of our clinical development platforms to potential acquirers and our ability to receive product or royalty revenues.
 
The steps required before a new drug or biological product may be distributed commercially in the U.S. generally include:
 
· conducting appropriate preclinical laboratory evaluations of the product’s chemistry, formulation and stability, and animal studies to assess the potential safety and efficacy of the product,
· submitting the results of these evaluations and tests to the FDA, along with manufacturing information, analytical data and clinical investigational plan, in an IND,
· obtaining IND acceptance from the FDA, which may require the resolution of any safety or regulatory concerns of the FDA,
· obtaining approval of Institutional Review Boards or IRBs, prior to introducing the drug or biological product into humans in clinical trials and registering clinical trials in public databases such as clinicaltrials.gov,
· conducting adequate and well-controlled human clinical trials that establish the safety and efficacy of the drug or safety, purity and potency of the biological product candidate for the intended use, in the following three typically sequential, stages:
 
Phase I. The product candidate is initially introduced into healthy human subjects or patients and tested for safety, increased dose tolerance, and possibly absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion,
 
Phase II. The product candidate is studied in patients with the targeted condition to gain safety experience at the proposed dosing schedules, identify possible adverse effects and safety risks to determine the optimal dosage, and to obtain initial information on effectiveness of the product candidate,
 
Phase III. The product candidate is studied in an expanded patient population at multiple clinical trial sites to determine primary efficacy and safety endpoints identified at the start of the clinical trial,
 
 
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· submitting the results of preliminary research, preclinical studies, and clinical studies as well as chemistry, manufacturing and control information on the drug or biological product to the FDA in a New Drug Application or NDA, for a drug product, or a BLA for a biological product, and
· obtaining FDA approval of the NDA or BLA prior to any commercial sale or shipment of the drug or biological product.
 
An NDA or BLA must contain, among other things, data derived from non-clinical laboratory studies and clinical trials which demonstrate that the product is safe and effective and for a biological product that it meets prescribed standards of safety, purity and potency, and a full description of manufacturing methods. Biological or drug products may not be marketed in the U.S. until approval by the FDA of an NDA or BLA is received.
 
The approval process can take a number of years, if approval is obtained at all, and often requires substantial financial resources, including license application fees. The results of preclinical studies and initial clinical trials are not necessarily predictive of the results from large-scale clinical trials, and clinical trials may be subject to additional costs, delays or modifications due to a number of factors, including the difficulty in obtaining enough patients, clinical investigators, drug supply, or financial support. Certain clinical trials performed under an IND must be registered in the official clinical trial website, and non-compliance can result in significant fines. The FDA has the power to impose changes relating to safety and efficacy of approved products. The FDA can impose substantial fines if these requirements are not carried out to the agency’s full satisfaction. Upon approval, a drug product or biological product may be marketed only in those dosage forms and for those indications approved in the NDA or BLA.
 
In addition to obtaining FDA approval for each indication for which the manufacturer may market the drug, each domestic drug product manufacturing establishment must register with the FDA, list its drug products with the FDA, comply with and maintain current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMP) and permit and pass inspections by the FDA and other regulatory authorities. Moreover, the submission of applications for approval may require the preparation of large-scale production batches that cannot be used commercially and additional time to complete manufacturing stability studies.
 
Any products manufactured or distributed by our licensees pursuant to FDA approvals are subject to extensive continuing regulation by the FDA, including record-keeping requirements and a requirement to report adverse experiences with the product. In addition to continued compliance with standard regulatory requirements, the FDA also may require post-marketing testing and surveillance to monitor the safety and efficacy of the marketed drug product. Product approvals may be withdrawn if compliance with regulatory requirements is not maintained or if problems concerning safety or efficacy of the product are discovered following approval.
 
The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act mandates that drug products be manufactured consistent with cGMP. In complying with the FDA’s regulations on cGMP, manufacturers must continue to spend time, money and effort in production, record-keeping, quality control, quality assurance, and auditing to ensure that the marketed drug product meets applicable specifications and other requirements. The FDA periodically inspects drug product manufacturing facilities to ensure compliance with cGMP. Failure to comply with cGMP or other FDA requirements subjects the manufacturer to possible FDA action, such as:
 
· untitled and warning letters,
· suspension of manufacturing,
· seizure of a product,
· voluntary recall of a product,
· injunctive actions and
· civil or criminal penalties.
 
Even after FDA approval has been obtained, and often as a condition to expedited approval, further studies, including post-marketing studies, are typically required by the FDA. Results of post-marketing studies may limit or expand the further marketing of the products. If the developer of a product proposes any modifications to the product, including changes in indication, manufacturing or testing processes, manufacturing facility or labeling, an NDA or BLA supplement may be required to be submitted to and approved by the FDA.
 
 
12

 
Products manufactured in the U.S. for distribution abroad will be subject to FDA regulations regarding export, as well as to the requirements of the country to which they are shipped. These latter requirements apply to products studied in clinical trials, the submission of marketing applications, and all aspects of product manufacture and marketing. Such requirements vary significantly from country to country. As part of our strategic relationships, our collaborators may be responsible for the foreign regulatory approval process of our products, although we may be legally liable for noncompliance.
 
We cannot predict the extent of government regulation that might result from current or future legislation or administrative action. Moreover, we anticipate that the presidential administration, Congress, state legislatures and the private sector will continue to review and assess controls on health care spending. Any such proposed or actual changes could cause our collaborators to limit or eliminate spending on development projects and may otherwise impact us. We cannot predict the likelihood, nature or extent of adverse governmental regulation that might result from current or future legislative or administrative action, either in the U.S. or abroad. Additionally, in both domestic and foreign markets, sales of our proposed products will depend, in part, upon the availability of reimbursement from third-party payors, such as government health administration authorities, managed care providers, private health insurers and other organizations. Significant uncertainty often exists as to the reimbursement status of newly approved health care products. In addition, third-party payors are increasingly challenging the price and cost-effectiveness of medical products and services.
 
PegIntron has been approved for treatment of hepatitis C in the European Union, the U.S., Japan and China, and for the treatment of hepatitis B in China. None of the product candidates we were developing prior to the substantial suspension of our clinical development activities were approved for marketing in the U.S. or elsewhere.
 
With respect to patented products, delays imposed by the government approval process may materially reduce the period during which we will have the exclusive right to exploit them.
 
EMPLOYEES
 
As of December 31, 2013 and as of the date of this report, we had one employee. Our sole employee is not covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Our sole employee is covered by a confidentiality agreement.  We consider our relations with our sole employee to be good. Our executive officers provide services to us on a consulting basis.
 
Management Update
 
On February 28, 2013, the employment of Aby Buchbinder, who was then serving as our Vice President, Clinical Development, concluded.
 
On August 9, 2013, the employment of Timothy G. Daly, who was then serving as our Vice President, Controller and Chief Accounting Officer, concluded.
 
On November 30, 2013, the employment of Andrew Rackear, who was then serving as our Vice President & General Counsel and Corporate Secretary, concluded. Mr. Rackear entered into a separation agreement, pursuant to which he continues to provide consulting services to the Company. 
 
On December 13, 2013, our Board of Directors approved, and the Company and Richard L. Feinstein entered into, an independent contractor agreement, pursuant to which Mr. Feinstein was appointed to serve as the Company’s Vice President - Finance and Principal Financial Officer, as an independent contractor.
 
On December 31, 2013, George W. Hebard III ceased to be an employee of the Company.  Pursuant to the terms of a separation agreement that was entered into on December 13, 2013, Mr. Hebard continues to serve as our Interim Principal Executive Officer and Interim Chief Operating Officer on a consulting basis.
 
 
13

 
Item 1A. Risk Factors
 
Throughout this Annual Report on Form 10-K, we have made forward-looking statements in an attempt to better enable the reader to understand our future prospects and make informed judgments. By their nature, forward-looking statements are subject to numerous factors that may influence outcomes or even prevent their eventual realization. Such factors may be external to the Company and entirely outside our control.
 
We cannot guarantee that our assumptions and expectations will be correct. Failure of events to be achieved or of certain underlying assumptions to prove accurate could cause actual results to vary materially from past results and those anticipated or projected. We do not intend to update forward-looking statements.
 
Certain risks and uncertainties are discussed below. However, it is not possible to predict or identify all such factors. Accordingly, you should not consider this recitation to be complete.
 
Risks Relating to the Company and its Operations
 
 
14

 
Our Board of Directors may decide in the future to pursue a dissolution and liquidation of the Company.
 
As previously announced in April 2013, our sale review process did not result in the sale of the Company. Our Board of Directors could decide in the future that a dissolution and liquidation of the Company would be in the best interests of the Company and its stockholders. If our Board of Directors were to approve and recommend, and our stockholders were to approve, a dissolution and liquidation of the Company, we would be required under Delaware corporate law to pay our outstanding obligations, as well as to make reasonable provision for contingent and unknown obligations, prior to making any distributions in liquidation to our stockholders. Our commitments and contingent liabilities may include (i) various claims and legal actions arising in the ordinary course of business and (ii) non-cancelable lease obligations. As a result of this requirement, a portion of our assets may need to be reserved pending the resolution of such obligations. In addition, we may be subject to litigation or other claims related to a dissolution and liquidation of the Company. If a dissolution and liquidation were pursued, our Board of Directors, in consultation with its advisors, would need to evaluate these matters and make a determination about a reasonable amount to reserve. Accordingly, if a dissolution and liquidation were pursued, we cannot be certain of the amount and/or timing of any distributions to our stockholders. In addition, if a dissolution and liquidation were pursued, our common stock would cease to trade on the effective date of the filing of the certificate of dissolution and we would close our stock transfer books and discontinue recording transfers of our common stock at that time. Accordingly, if a dissolution and liquidation were pursued, the price and liquidity of our common stock may be adversely affected.
 
We derive most of our royalty revenues from continued sales of PegIntron, which have been in decline since 2008, and if sales of PegIntron continue to decline or sales of other drug products for which we receive royalty revenues materially decline, our results of operations and financial position could be materially harmed.
 
We derive most of our royalty revenues from continued sales of PegIntron, which is marketed by Merck.  Royalty revenues from sales of PegIntron accounted for approximately 87%, 93% and 94% of our total royalty revenues in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Sales of PegIntron have been in decline since 2008. As a consequence, a continued decline in the sales of PegIntron could adversely affect our operating results and financial position. Merck reported that worldwide sales of PegIntron declined 24% to $496 million in 2013 compared with 2012 reflecting declines in all regions and that it believes the sales declines are attributable in part to patient treatment being delayed by health care providers in anticipation of new therapeutic options becoming available. We cannot assure you that Merck will continue to generate sales of PegIntron at levels that would enable us to receive royalties in amounts that are comparable with the amounts of royalties that we have received in recent years. The amount and timing of resources dedicated by Merck to the marketing of PegIntron is not within our control. Our royalty revenues will be negatively affected if sales of PegIntron are limited for any reason, including if Merck cannot market PegIntron effectively as a result of competitive, manufacturing, regulatory or other issues.
 
 
15

 
Products that compete with PegIntron have been and potentially will be introduced by other drug manufacturers. Hoffmann-La Roche’s PEGASYS, a competing PEGylated interferon alfa, has resulted in significant competitive pressure on PegIntron sales in the U.S. and all international markets. PEGASYS has taken market share away from PegIntron and the overall market for PEGylated alpha-interferon for the treatment of hepatitis C has been contracting. As a result, sales of PegIntron in certain markets where it competes with PEGASYS and the royalties we receive on those sales have declined. We cannot assure you that PEGASYS will not continue to gain market share at the expense of PegIntron which could result in lower PegIntron sales and lower royalties to us.
 
On December 6, 2013, the FDA approved Gilead’s Sovaldi (sofosbuvir) 400 mg tablets, a once-daily oral nucleotide analog polymerase inhibitor for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C infection as a component of a combination antiviral treatment regimen. Sovaldi was approved in combination with peg-interferon alpha and ribavirin for genotype 1 and 4 patients, and in combination with ribavirin for genotype 2 and 3 patients. On January 17, 2014, the European Commission granted marketing authorization for Sovaldi. We expect that the adoption of Sovaldi will have a negative impact on PegIntron revenues. There are several novel agents in various stages of preclinical and clinical development for the treatment of hepatitis C, which either include or eliminate combination with pegylated interferon-based therapies. It is possible that this research could lead to a competing product or ultimately to interferon-free combination therapy in the future.
 
We may not be able to sustain profitability and we may incur losses over the next several years.
 
We have incurred losses in the past and have limited sources of revenues. Our revenues and operating results will likely fluctuate in future periods due to variations in our royalty revenues. We expect to continue to incur operating expenses and anticipate that we could have significant expenses in the foreseeable future. In addition, if our Board of Directors decides in the future to pursue a dissolution and liquidation of the Company, the implementation of any transaction that might result from any such dissolution or liquidation process, which could further reduce our existing capital, including legal and financial advisor fees or related actions could involve incurring material expenses.
 
Our rights to receive royalties on sales of PegIntron and sales of other drug products will eventually expire and we currently do not intend on acquiring new sources of royalty revenues.
 
Merck’s obligation to pay us royalties on sales of PegIntron terminates, on a country-by-country basis, upon the later of the date on which the last patent to contain a claim covering PegIntron expires in the country or 15 years after the date on which PegIntron was first approved for commercial marketing in such country.  Currently, expirations of our right to receive royalties on sales of PegIntron are expected to occur in 2016 in the U.S., 2018 in Europe and 2019 in Japan.  Our rights to receive royalties under our agreement with Nektar relating to CIMZIA and Macugen expire in 2014 in the U.S. and as late as 2018 in countries outside the U.S.  We currently do not intend on acquiring new sources of royalty revenues.  As a result, following expirations of our rights to receive royalties on sales of PegIntron and sales of other drug products, we may not have sufficient revenues to continue operations.
 
If we do not realize the expected benefits from the reduction in our workforce that was completed in 2013 and from future cost savings initiatives that we may implement, the value of the Company and our assets and the market price of our common stock could materially decline.
 
In December 2012, we announced a plan to reduce our workforce by approximately 15-20 employees, and in March 2013, we announced a plan to further reduce our workforce from 19 employees to 12 employees. As of the date of this report, we have one employee. We cannot guarantee that we will be able to realize additional cost savings and other anticipated benefits from our recent reductions in force.  
 
As a result of the reduction in our workforce that was completed in 2013, we have reallocated certain employment responsibilities and outsourced certain corporate functions, which make us more dependent on third-parties to perform these corporate functions.
 
As a result of the reduction in our workforce that was completed in 2013, we have outsourced certain corporate functions, which make us more dependent on third-parties for the performance of these functions. In addition, this reduction in our workforce has had a negative impact on our ability to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting and effective disclosure controls and procedures. To the extent that we are unable to effectively reallocate employee responsibilities, retain key employees as consultants, maintain effective internal control over financial reporting and effective disclosure controls and procedures, establish and maintain agreements with competent third-party contractors on terms that are acceptable to us, or effectively manage the work performed by any retained third-party contractors, our ability to manage the operations of our business effectively could be compromised.
 
 
16

 
We may be subject to a variety of types of product liability or other claims based on allegations that the use of our product candidates by participants in our clinical trials has resulted in adverse effects, and our insurance may not cover all product liability or other claims.
 
We may face liability claims related to the use or misuse of our product candidates in previously conducted clinical trials. These claims may be expensive to defend and may result in large judgments against us. Any such claims against us, regardless of their merit, might result in significant costs to defend or awards against us, and our insurance coverage and resources may not be sufficient to satisfy any liability resulting from such claims. A successful product liability or other claim brought against us could cause the market price of our common stock to decline and, if judgments exceed our insurance coverage, could decrease our cash and materially harm our business, financial condition or results of operations.
 
We depend on patents and proprietary rights, which may offer only limited protection against potential infringement and the development of competing products.
 
The pharmaceutical industry places considerable importance on obtaining patent and trade secret protection for new technologies, products and processes. If we are unable to obtain and enforce patent protection for our product candidates or to maintain the confidentiality of our trade secrets, the value of our intellectual property portfolio could be harmed. We have an extensive portfolio of issued U.S. patents and filed applications, many of which have foreign counterparts. Although we believe that our patents provide certain protection from competition, such patents may not provide substantial protection or commercial benefit to us, or afford us adequate protection from competing products, and may be challenged or declared invalid. In addition, U.S. patents or foreign patent equivalents may not be issued to us in the future.
 
Issued patents may be challenged, invalidated or circumvented. In addition, court decisions may introduce uncertainty as to the enforceability or scope of patents owned by biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies, including us. The legal systems of certain countries do not favor the aggressive enforcement of patents, and the laws of foreign countries may not protect our rights to the same extent as the laws of the U.S. Therefore, enforceability or scope of our patents in the U.S. or in foreign countries cannot be predicted with certainty, and, as a result, any patents that we own or license may not provide sufficient protection against competitors. In addition, we may not be able to obtain or maintain a patent from our pending patent applications, those we may file in the future, or those we may license from third parties.
 
We believe that our patent rights are enforceable. However, those rights may prove unenforceable or invalid, or will expire. If we are not able to protect our patent positions, our financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected, which could adversely affect the market value of our common stock. We may become aware that certain organizations are engaging in activities that infringe certain of our patents. We may be unable to enforce our patents and other rights against such organizations.
 
Legal or administrative proceedings may be necessary to enforce our intellectual property rights or to defend against claims of infringement. We have in the past been involved in patent litigation and other proceedings and we may likely become involved in additional patent litigation or proceedings in the future. If we become involved in any such litigation or proceeding, irrespective of the outcome, we may incur substantial costs, the efforts of our technical and management personnel may be diverted, and such disputes could substantially delay or prevent our product development or commercialization activities, which could materially harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
 
17

 
We are party to license and other collaboration agreements that contain complex commercial terms that could result in disputes, litigation or indemnification liability that could cause the value of the Company and our assets and the market price of our common stock to decline.
 
We are party to license, collaboration and other agreements with biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies. These agreements contain complex commercial terms, including royalties on drug sales based on a number of complex variables (including net sales calculations, geography, scope of patent claim coverage, patent life and other factors) and indemnification obligations. From time to time, we may have dispute resolution discussions with third parties regarding the appropriate interpretation of the complex commercial terms contained in our agreements. One or more disputes may arise or escalate in the future regarding our agreements that may ultimately result in costly litigation and unfavorable interpretation of contract terms, which could cause the value of the Company and our assets and the market price of our common stock to decline.
 
 We are party to license agreements whereby we may receive royalties from products subject to regulatory approval.
 
Our licensees may be unable to maintain regulatory approvals for currently licensed products or obtain regulatory approvals for new products. Safety issues could also result in the failure to maintain regulatory approvals or decrease revenues.
 
Risks Relating to Our Common Stock
 
The price of our common stock has been, and may continue to be, volatile.
 
Historically, the market price of our common stock has fluctuated over a wide range, and it is likely that the price of our common stock will continue to be volatile in the future. The market price of our common stock could be impacted due to a variety of factors, including, in addition to global and industry-wide events:
 
· the level of revenues we generate from royalties we receive;
· changes in our business strategy;
· the losses we may incur;
· developments in patent or other proprietary rights owned or licensed by us, our collaborative partners or our competitors;
· public concern as to the safety and efficacy of products developed by us or others; and
· litigation.
 
In addition, due to one or more of the foregoing factors in one or more future quarters, our results of operations may fall below the expectations of securities analysts and investors. In that event, the market price of our common stock could materially decline.
 
The declaration of dividends is within the discretion of our Board of Directors, subject to any applicable limitations under Delaware corporate law. Our ability to pay dividends in the future depends on, among other things, our future royalty revenues, which are expected to decrease over time, as well as our ability to manage expenses, including costs relating to our ongoing operations.
 
In April 2013, we announced that our Board of Directors intends to distribute excess cash, expected to arise from ongoing royalty revenues, in the form of periodic dividends to our stockholders. In June and December 2013, respectively, the Company paid special dividends of $1.60 and $0.45 per share. The declaration of dividends is within the discretion of our Board of Directors, subject to any applicable limitations under Delaware corporate law, and therefore our Board of Directors could decide in the future not to declare dividends. In addition, our ability to pay dividends in the future depends on, among other things, our future revenues from existing royalties and our ability to manage expenses, including costs relating to our ongoing operations. Our future revenues from existing royalties are expected to decrease over time (and eventually cease altogether) due to eventual expirations over time of our right to receive royalties under the terms of our existing licensing arrangements. Future revenues from existing royalties may also decline due to decreases in the sales of the drug products for which we have the right to receive royalties. There is no assurance that we will have sufficient royalty revenues to be able to pay dividends in the future. Any inability to pay dividends could cause the market price of our common stock to decline significantly
 
Events with respect to our capital stock could cause the number of shares of our common stock outstanding to increase and thereby cause our stockholders to suffer significant dilution.
 
Sales of substantial amounts of our common stock in the open market, or the availability of such shares for sale, could adversely affect the market price of our common stock. As of December 31, 2013, we had 44,085,870 shares of common stock outstanding. As of that date, the following securities that may be exercised for, or are convertible into, shares of our common stock were outstanding:
 
 
18

 
· Options. Stock options to purchase 2.1 million shares of our common stock at a weighted average exercise price of approximately $6.90 per share.
· Restricted stock units. Approximately 0.2 million shares of our common stock are issuable in respect of outstanding restricted stock units held by officers, employees and directors.
 
The shares of our common stock issuable upon the exercise of options and the settlement of restricted stock are currently registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and, therefore, once those shares of common stock are issued, they may be eligible for public resale. As a result, if a large number of shares of our common stock are sold into the public market, or if there is an expectation of such sales, these sales or expectations of these sales could cause the market price of our common stock to decline.
 
Anti-takeover provisions in our charter documents and under Delaware corporate law may make it more difficult to acquire us, even though such acquisitions may be beneficial to our stockholders.
 
Provisions of our certificate of incorporation and bylaws, as well as provisions of Delaware corporate law, could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire us, even though such acquisitions may be beneficial to our stockholders. These anti-takeover provisions include:
 
· lack of a provision for cumulative voting in the election of directors;
· the ability of our board to authorize the issuance of “blank check” preferred stock to increase the number of outstanding shares and thwart a takeover attempt;
· advance notice requirements for nominations for election to the board of directors or for proposing matters that can be acted upon by stockholders at stockholder meetings; and
· limitations on who may call a special meeting of stockholders.
 
The provisions described above and provisions of Delaware corporate law relating to business combinations with interested stockholders may discourage, delay or prevent a third party from acquiring us. These provisions may also discourage, delay or prevent a third party from acquiring a large portion of our securities, or initiating a tender offer, even if our stockholders might receive a premium for their shares in the acquisition over the then current market price. We also have agreements with our executive officers that provide for change of control severance benefits which provides for cash severance, restricted stock, restricted stock units and option award vesting acceleration and other benefits in the event our employees are terminated (or, in some cases, resign for specified reasons) following an acquisition or other change in control. These agreements could discourage a third party from acquiring us.
 
The issuance of preferred stock may adversely affect rights of our common stockholders.
 
Under our certificate of incorporation, our board of directors has the authority to issue up to three million shares of “blank check” preferred stock and to determine the price, rights, preferences and privileges of those shares without any further vote or action by our stockholders. The rights of the holders of common stock will be subject to the rights of the holders of any shares of preferred stock that may be issued in the future. In addition to discouraging a takeover, as discussed above, this “blank check” preferred stock may have rights, including economic rights senior to the common stock, and, as a result, the issuance of such preferred stock could have a material adverse effect on the market value of our common stock.
 
 
19

 
A small number of stockholders own a large percentage of our common stock and can influence the outcome of matters submitted to our stockholders for approval.
 
A small number of our stockholders own a large percentage of our common stock and can therefore influence the outcome of matters submitted to our stockholders for approval. Based on information known to us as of the date of this report, our four largest stockholders collectively control approximately 37.8% of our outstanding common stock. As a result, these stockholders collectively have the ability to influence the outcome of matters submitted to our stockholders for approval. These stockholders may support proposals and actions with which you may disagree. The concentration of ownership could also delay or prevent a change in control of the Company or otherwise discourage a potential acquirer from attempting to obtain control of the Company, which in turn could cause the market price of our common stock to decline.
 
If we are unable to satisfy the continued listing requirements of The NASDAQ Stock Market, our common stock could be delisted and the price and liquidity of our common stock may be adversely affected.
 
Our common stock may lose value and our common stock could be delisted from NASDAQ due to several factors or a combination of such factors. While our common stock is currently listed on The NASDAQ Stock Market, there can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain such listing. To maintain the listing of our common stock on The NASDAQ Stock Market, we are required to meet certain listing requirements, including, among others, a requirement to maintain a minimum closing bid price of $1.00 per share. If our common stock trades below the $1.00 minimum closing bid price requirement for 30 consecutive business days or if we do not meet other listing requirements, we may be notified by NASDAQ of non-compliance. Our common stock recently closed below $1.00 per share on January 27, 2014 and has been closing at or below $1.00 per share since that date. In addition, the payment of future dividends, if any, to our stockholders, together with eventual expirations over time of our right to receive royalties under the terms of our existing licensing arrangements, would be expected to result in a reduction over time in the per-share trading price of our common stock. If the price per share of our common stock were to fall below NASDAQ listing standards, our common stock may be delisted. If we are notified by NASDAQ of non-compliance with the $1.00 minimum closing bid price requirement, we would regain compliance if our common stock trades above $1.00 per share for ten consecutive business days during the 180 days following notice of non-compliance. To increase the per share trading price of our common stock, we may decide to seek to implement a reverse stock split. However, there can be no assurance that we would pursue a reverse stock split or be able to obtain the approvals necessary to effect a reverse stock split. In addition, there can be no assurance that, following any reverse stock split, the per share trading price of our common stock would remain above $1.00 per share or that we would be able to continue to meet other listing requirements. If our common stock is delisted, market liquidity for our common stock could be severely affected and our stockholders’ ability to sell their shares of our common stock could be limited. In addition, our common stock could be subject to “penny stock” rules which impose additional disclosure requirements on broker-dealers and could further negatively impact our market liquidity for our common stock and our stockholders’ ability to sell their shares of our common stock. Accordingly, a delisting of our common stock from NASDAQ would negatively affect the value of our common stock. Delisting could also have other negative results, including, but not limited to, the loss of institutional investor interest.
 
 
20

 
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
 
None.
 
Item 2. Properties
 
We currently lease the following facility:
 
Location
 
Principal Operations
 
Approx.
Square
Footage
 
Approx.
Annual Rent
 
Lease Expiration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20 Kingsbridge Road Piscataway, New Jersey
 
Executive offices
 
 
56,000
 
$
703,000
(1)
July 31, 2021
 
 
(1) Under the terms of the lease, annual rent increases over the remaining term of the lease from $703,000 to $773,000.
 
We believe that our facility is well maintained and generally adequate for our present and anticipated future needs.
 
In September 2013, we entered into a sublease agreement, which was amended and restated in November 2013, with Axcellerate, pursuant to which we sublease to Axcellerate a portion of our premises consisting of approximately 30,000 rentable square feet of the building located at 20 Kingsbridge Road, Piscataway, New Jersey and a share of related parking areas. The term of the sublease commenced on November 14, 2013 and will expire on July 30, 2021. The monthly fixed rent payable by Axcellerate to us under the sublease is as follows: (i) in year one, $10,417, (ii) in year two, $15,625, (iii) in year three, $20,833, (iv) in year four, $26,042 and (v) in each of years five through eight, $35,000. The sublease also provides for Axcellerate to pay additional rent to cover its applicable share of real estate taxes, operating expenses, sewer and gas usage, water usage, electricity usage and certain other charges incurred by Axcellerate.
 
We currently own no real property.
 
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
 
From time to time, we are engaged in litigation arising in the ordinary course of our business. There is currently no pending material litigation to which we are a party or to which any of our property is subject.
 
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
 
Not applicable.
 
 
21

 
PART II.
 
Item 5.    Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
Market Information
 
Our common stock is traded on The NASDAQ Stock Market under the trading symbol “ENZN”.
 
The following table sets forth the high and low sale prices for our common stock during the years ended December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012 as reported by The NASDAQ Stock Market. The quotations shown represent inter-dealer prices without adjustment for retail markups, markdowns or commissions, and may not necessarily reflect actual transactions.
 
 
 
High
 
Low
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Year Ended December 31, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
 
$
4.99
 
$
3.79
 
Second Quarter (1)
 
 
3.95
 
 
1.60
 
Third Quarter
 
 
2.08
 
 
1.68
 
Fourth Quarter (2)
 
 
1.75
 
 
1.15
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Year Ended December 31, 2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
 
$
7.87
 
$
6.48
 
Second Quarter
 
 
7.17
 
 
5.79
 
Third Quarter
 
 
7.27
 
 
6.26
 
Fourth Quarter (3)
 
 
7.47
 
 
4.27
 
 

(1)         On June 4, 2013, we paid a special cash dividend of $1.60 per share of common stock.
(2)         On December 23, 2013, we paid a special cash dividend of $0.45 per share of common stock.
(3)         On December 21, 2012, we paid a special cash dividend of $2.00 per share of common stock.
 
Performance Graph
 
The following graph compares the percentage change in cumulative total stockholder return on our common stock for our fiscal years ended December 31, 2009 through December 31, 2013 with the cumulative total return over the same period of (i) the Nasdaq Composite Index and (ii) the Nasdaq Biotechnology Index.
 
 
  
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Total Return To Shareholders
 
The comparison below displays the annual percentage return in an investment in our common stock, the Nasdaq Composite Index and the Nasdaq Biotechnology Index, and assumes reinvestment of dividends, if any. Historical stock prices are not indicative of future stock price performance.
 
 
ANNUAL RETURN PERCENTAGE
 
 
Years Ending
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Company / Index
 
12/09
 
12/10
 
12/11
 
12/12
 
12/13
 
Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
 
 
80.62
 
 
15.48
 
 
-44.90
 
 
-4.03
 
 
-50.32
 
Nasdaq Composite Index
 
 
43.89
 
 
16.91
 
 
-1.80
 
 
15.91
 
 
38.32
 
Nasdaq Biotechnology Index
 
 
15.63
 
 
15.01
 
 
11.81
 
 
31.91
 
 
65.61
 
 
The comparison below assumes $100 was invested on December 31, 2008 in our common stock, the Nasdaq Index and the Nasdaq Biotechnology Index, and assumes reinvestment of dividends, if any.   Historical stock prices are not indicative of future stock price performance.
 
 
 
 
 
INDEXED RETURNS
 
 
 
Base
 
Years Ending
 
 
 
Period
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Company / Index
 
12/08
 
 
12/09
 
12/10
 
12/11
 
12/12
 
12/13
 
Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
 
100
 
 
180.64
 
208.58
 
114.92
 
110.29
 
55.06
 
Nasdaq Composite Index
 
100
 
 
143.89
 
168.22
 
165.19
 
191.47
 
264.84
 
Nasdaq Biotechnology Index
 
100
 
 
115.63
 
132.98
 
148.69
 
196.12
 
324.80
 
 
Holders
 
As of March 6, 2014, there were 1,091 holders of record of our common stock.
 
Dividends
 
In April 2013, we announced that our Board of Directors intends to distribute excess cash, expected to arise from ongoing royalty revenues, in the form of periodic dividends to our stockholders. The declaration of dividends is within the discretion of our Board of Directors, subject to any applicable limitations under Delaware corporate law, and therefore our Board of Directors could decide in the future not to declare dividends. In addition, our ability to pay dividends in the future depends on, among other things, our future revenues from existing royalties and our ability to manage expenses, including costs relating to our ongoing operations. 
 
On April 23, 2013, our Board of Directors declared a special cash dividend of $1.60 per share of common stock. This special cash dividend was paid on June 4, 2013 to stockholders of record as of May 7, 2013.
 
On December 5, 2013, our Board of Directors declared a special cash dividend of $0.45 per share of common stock. This special cash dividend was paid on December 23, 2013 to stockholders of record as of December 16, 2013.
 
 
23

 
Repurchase of Equity Securities
 
Common Stock
 
In December 21, 2010, our Board of Directors had authorized a share repurchase program under which we are authorized to repurchase up to $200.0 million of our outstanding common stock. Since the inception of this share repurchase program, the cumulative number of shares repurchased and retired through December 31, 2013 amounts to 16,174,578 shares at a total cost of $153.4 million, or an average cost per share of approximately $9.48.
 
Since December 2012, we have suspended repurchases under the share repurchase program and do not currently intend to resume repurchases under the share repurchase program. Accordingly, no shares were repurchased in 2013.
 
 
24

 
Item 6.   Selected Financial Data
 
The following selected financial data for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, and 2009 are derived from our audited consolidated financial statements. The selected financial data set forth below should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included elsewhere in this report.
 
 
 
For the Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
2009
 
 
 
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
Consolidated Statement of Operations Data: (1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenues (1)
 
$
34,493
 
$
42,600
 
$
48,072
 
$
97,865
 
$
51,408
 
Research and development – pipeline
 
 
2,715
 
 
20,892
 
 
40,180
 
 
49,883
 
 
45,639
 
Other operating expenses
 
 
13,619
 
 
14,411
 
 
24,347
 
 
48,557
 
 
62,862
 
Impairment of property and equipment
 
 
-
 
 
11,263
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
Operating income (loss)
 
 
18,159
 
 
(3,966)
 
 
(16,455)
 
 
(575)
 
 
(57,093)
 
Investment income, net
 
 
534
 
 
2,578
 
 
1,735
 
 
3,465
 
 
4,312
 
Interest expense
 
 
(2,124)
 
 
(5,330)
 
 
(5,929)
 
 
(6,315)
 
 
(11,514)
 
Other, net, including investment impairment
 
 
1,553
 
 
(200)
 
 
91
 
 
288
 
 
5,008
 
Income tax benefit (expense)
 
 
28
 
 
4,135
 
 
(205)
 
 
337
 
 
2,085
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
 
18,150
 
 
(2,783)
 
 
(20,763)
 
 
(2,800)
 
 
(57,202)
 
Income and gain from discontinued operations,
    net of income tax (1)
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
180,043
 
 
57,885
 
Net income (loss) income
 
$
18,150
 
$
(2,783)
 
$
(20,763)
 
$
177,243
 
$
683
 
Income (loss) per common share - continuing
    operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
.41
 
$
(.06)
 
$
(.40)
 
$
(.05)
 
$
(1.26)
 
Diluted
 
$
.38
 
$
(.06)
 
$
(.40)
 
$
(.05)
 
$
(1.26)
 
Income per common share - discontinued operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
-
 
$
-
 
$
-
 
$
3.08
 
$
1.28
 
Diluted (3)
 
$
-
 
$
-
 
$
-
 
$
3.08
 
$
1.28
 
Income (loss) per common share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
.41
 
$
(.06)
 
$
(.40)
 
$
3.03
 
$
0.02
 
Diluted (3)
 
$
.38
 
$
(.06)
 
$
(.40)
 
$
3.03
 
$
0.02
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Special cash dividend paid per common share
 
$
2.05
 
$
2.00
 
$
-
 
$
-
 
$
-
 
 
 
25

 
 
 
As of December 31,
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
2009
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total current assets (1)
 
$
7,121
 
$
198,643
 
$
165,261
 
$
434,616
 
$
145,212
 
Total current liabilities (2)
 
 
1,308
 
 
122,313
 
 
15,264
 
 
18,387
 
 
24,997
 
Total assets (1)
 
 
7,121
 
 
199,781
 
 
343,209
 
 
488,857
 
 
332,749
 
Notes payable (2)
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
129,499
 
 
134,499
 
 
250,050
 
Total stockholders’ equity (3)
 
 
5,255
 
 
77,467
 
 
197,181
 
 
331,857
 
 
53,283
 
 
(1) In January 2010, we sold our former specialty pharmaceutical business comprised principally of our former products and contract manufacturing segments. For financial reporting purposes, beginning in 2010, the operations and cash flows of our former products and contract manufacturing segments were eliminated from our continuing operations and classified as discontinued operations. Accordingly, prior-year statement of operations information has been reclassified to segregate the revenues and expenses of the divested business from our continuing operations. The sale generated net cash proceeds of approximately $308.0 million, including $40.9 million of revenues from the sale of in-process research and development (reported as revenues in continuing operations). The net gain on the sale, excluding the revenues from the sale of in-process research and development, was $176.4 million (reported as income and gain from discontinued operations).
 
(2) For 2012, notes payable of $115,849 is classified as current in the consolidated balance sheet in view of the repayment date of June 1, 2013.
 
(3) In a period in which a loss from continuing operations is reported, all other computations of diluted per-share amounts for that period must be made exclusive of potential dilutive shares. For this reason diluted earnings per share for continuing and discontinued operations and net (loss) income are the same as basic (loss) earnings per share.
 
 
26

 
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read together with our consolidated financial statements and notes to those statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Forward-Looking Information and Factors That May Affect Future Results
 
The following discussion contains forward-looking statements within the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements contained in the following discussion, other than statements that are purely historical, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “potential,” “anticipates,” “plans,” or “intends” or the negative thereof, or other variations thereof, or comparable terminology, or by discussions of strategy. Forward-looking statements are based upon management’s present expectations, objectives, anticipations, plans, hopes, beliefs, intentions or strategies regarding the future and are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results, events or developments to be materially different from those indicated in such forward-looking statements, including the risks and uncertainties set forth in Item 1A. Risk Factors. These risks and uncertainties should be considered carefully and readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements. As such, no assurance can be given that the future results covered by the forward-looking statements will be achieved.
 
The percentage changes throughout the following discussion are based on amounts stated in thousands of dollars and not the rounded millions of dollars reflected in this section.
 
Overview
 
We receive royalty revenues from existing licensing arrangements with other companies primarily related to sales of six marketed drug products, namely, PegIntron®, Sylatron®, Macugen®, CIMZIA®, Oncaspar and Adagen. The primary source of our royalty revenues is sales of PegIntron, which is marketed by Merck. We currently have no clinical operations and limited corporate operations.  Royalty revenues from sales of PegIntron accounted for approximately 87%, 93% and 94% of our total royalty revenues in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
 
We were previously dedicated to the research and development of innovative therapeutics for patients with high unmet medical needs. In December 2012, we announced that our Board of Directors retained Lazard to act as financial advisor in a review of the possible sale or disposition of one or more corporate assets or a sale of our company and that our Board of Directors established a special committee to oversee our sale review process. In connection with our sale review process, we substantially suspended all clinical development activities with a goal of conserving capital and maximizing value returned to our stockholders. In April 2013, we announced that we had concluded a review of the sale or disposition of one or more corporate assets or a sale of our company. The review did not result in a definitive offer to acquire our company or all or substantially all of our assets. In the same announcement, we also announced that our Board of Directors intends to distribute excess cash, expected to arise from ongoing royalty revenues, in the form of periodic dividends to stockholders.
 
 
27

 
In April 2013, we entered into an asset purchase agreement with Belrose  for the sale of all right, title and interest to our Customized PEGylation platform and related assets.  The assets included (i) intellectual property and know-how associated with the PEGylation platform, (ii) patents and know-how related to PEG SN-38, (iii) patents and know-how associated with certain of our internal clinical programs and (iv) certain related supplies and equipment.
In September 2013, we entered into a sublease agreement, which was amended and restated in November 2013, with Axcellerate, pursuant to which we sublease to Axcellerate a portion of our premises consisting of approximately 30,000 rentable square feet of the building located at 20 Kingsbridge Road, Piscataway, New Jersey and a share of related parking areas. The term of the sublease commenced on November 14, 2013 and will expire on July 30, 2021. The monthly fixed rent payable by Axcellerate to us under the sublease is as follows: (i) in year one, $10,417, (ii) in year two, $15,625, (iii) in year three, $20,833, (iv) in year four, $26,042 and (v) in each of years five through eight, $35,000. The sublease also provides for Axcellerate to pay additional rent to cover its applicable share of real estate taxes, operating expenses, sewer and gas usage, water usage, electricity usage and certain other charges incurred by Axcellerate.
 
In October 2013, we terminated our License and Collaboration Agreement with Santaris  whereby we returned to Santaris the rights to molecules utilizing LNA technology including the mRNA antagonists targeting Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1 alpha (HIF-1 alpha), the Androgen Receptor (AR), HER3, and Beta-catenin.
 
We wound down our remaining research and development activities during 2013. We have no intention of resuming any clinical development activities or acquiring new sources of royalty revenues.
 
Results of Continuing Operations (in millions of dollars):
 
 
 
For the Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Royalties
 
$
33.8
 
$
41.5
 
$
40.9
 
Sale of in-process research and development
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
5.0
 
Contract research and development
 
 
-
 
 
.1
 
 
1.5
 
Miscellaneous income
 
 
.7
 
 
1.0
 
 
0.7
 
Total revenues
 
 
34.5
 
 
42.6
 
 
48.1
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development - pipeline
 
 
2.7
 
 
20.9
 
 
40.2
 
Research and development - specialty and contracted services
 
 
-
 
 
.1
 
 
1.0
 
General and administrative
 
 
8.8
 
 
14.5
 
 
17.3
 
General and administrative - contracted services
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
0.1
 
Impairment of property and equipment
 
 
-
 
 
11.3
 
 
-
 
Restructuring charges
 
 
4.8
 
 
(.2)
 
 
6.0
 
Operating income (loss)
 
 
18.2
 
 
(4.0)
 
 
(16.5)
 
Other expense, net
 
 
-
 
 
(2.9)
 
 
(4.1)
 
Income tax (expense) benefit
 
 
-
 
 
4.1
 
 
(0.2)
 
Net income (loss)
 
$
18.2
 
$
(2.8)
 
$
(20.8)
 
 
Overview
 
The sale of our former specialty pharmaceutical business in January 2010 had numerous effects on our financial results. The sale of in-process research and development for $40.9 million in 2010 and the related $5.0 million milestone payment received in 2011 were part of the total sale of our former specialty pharmaceutical business but are reported as part of continuing operations because we had operated as a research and development organization.
 
 
28

 
Royalty Revenues (in millions of dollars):
 
 
 
For the Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
2013
 
Change
 
2012
 
Change
 
2011
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Royalty revenue
 
$
33.8
 
 
(18)
 
$
41.5
 
 
1
 
$
40.9
 
 
Most of our royalty revenues are derived from sales of PegIntron. Royalty revenues from sales of PegIntron accounted for approximately 87%, 93% and 94% of our total royalty revenues in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The following table summarizes our PegIntron royalties earned in 2013, 2012 and 2011:
 
PegIntron royalties from (in millions of dollars):
 
 
 
For the Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
2013
 
Change
 
2012
 
Change
 
2011
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. sales
 
$
3.4
 
(52)
 
$
7.1
 
34
 
$
5.3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign sales – Europe
 
 
8.9
 
(18)
 
 
10.9
 
(2)
 
 
11.1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign sales – Japan
 
 
5.8
 
(31)
 
 
8.4
 
(24)
 
 
11.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign sales – Other
 
 
11.2
 
(7)
 
 
12.1
 
9
 
 
11.1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
$
29.3
 
 
 
$
38.5
 
 
 
$
38.5
 
 
Other royalty revenues and certain licensing revenues relate to the application of our technology to third-party products including those under a cross-license agreement with Nektar Therapeutics, Inc. (Nektar) under which we receive a share of the royalties and licensing income received by Nektar. There are currently three third-party products for which Nektar has granted sublicenses to our PEGylation technology and for which we are participating in royalty and licensing income revenues: UCB’s CIMZIA for the treatment of Crohn’s disease and rheumatoid arthritis in the European Union and Valeant and Pfizer’s Macugen for the treatment of neovascular (wet) age-related macular degeneration. As part of the January 2010 sale of our former specialty pharmaceutical business, we are also entitled to royalties from the purchaser of such  business of 5 to 10 percent on incremental net sales above a 2009 baseline amount through 2014 from the four marketed drug products we sold to them, namely, Adagen®, Oncaspar®, Abelcet®, and DepoCyt®.
 
Royalty revenues decreased approximately 18% in 2013 compared to 2012. This was driven by a 24% decrease in royalties on PegIntron, partially offset by an increase in royalties from Nektar and Sigma Tau. Merck reported that worldwide sales of PegIntron declined 24% to $496 million in 2013 compared with 2012 reflecting declines in all regions and that it believes the sales declines are attributable in part to patient treatment being delayed by health care providers in anticipation of new therapeutic options becoming available.
 
Royalty revenues increased approximately 1% in 2012 compared to 2011. This was driven almost entirely by a 65% increase in royalties on CIMZIA compared to 2011. Royalties on PegIntron in 2012 were flat versus 2011. MACUGEN royalties in 2012 declined 28.7% compared to 2011. Royalty revenues for OMONTYS in the amount of $0.3 million was recorded for the first time in 2012.
 
Our future revenues are heavily weighted towards royalties and revenues to be received from the use of our technology and are dependent upon numerous factors outside of our control. We derive most of our royalty revenues  from sales of PegIntron, which have been in decline since 2008. Merck’s obligation to pay us royalties on sales of PegIntron terminates, on a country-by-country basis, upon the later of the date on which the last patent to contain a claim covering PegIntron expires in the country or 15 years after the date on which PegIntron was first approved for commercial marketing in such country. Currently, expirations of our right to receive royalties are expected to occur in 2016 in the U.S., 2018 in Europe and 2019 in Japan.
 
 
29

 
Other factors potentially affecting our royalty revenues include new or increased competition from products that may compete with the products for which we receive royalties, the effectiveness of marketing by our licensees, and new uses and geographies for PegIntron, CIMZIA and Macugen. Our rights to receive royalties on CIMZIA, Macugen, and OMONTYS will terminate in 2014. After the expiration of the patents and royalties, we are entitled to immunity fees on a country-by-country and product-by-product basis for up to twelve years from the date of first sale of these drugs.
 
Sale of In-Process Research and Development
 
When we sold our former specialty pharmaceutical business in January 2010, we had retained our research and development organization. We had been engaged in studies oriented towards the next-generation formulations of Oncaspar and Adagen, two products that were among those sold as part of our former specialty pharmaceutical business. No revenue was recognized in 2013 or 2012. During the first quarter of 2011, we earned and recognized a $5.0 million milestone payment related to divested in-process research and development. The selling price of the in-process research and development represented management’s best estimate of its standalone fair value based on the stage of development and future milestone payment consideration.
 
Contract Research and Development Revenue
 
Pursuant to a transition services agreement entered into at the time of the sale of our former specialty pharmaceutical business, we began performing product-support research and development, consulting and technology transfer functions for the purchaser effective with the close of the sale transaction on January 29, 2010. The transition services associated with product-support research and development are being reported in continuing operations due to our ongoing involvement in the research and development related to the divested products. We were being compensated for this work at actual cost plus a mark-up per the terms of the transition services agreement. Revenue was generated from these services in the amount of $0, $0.1 million and $1.5 million for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012, and 2011, respectively. Our contractual obligation was to assist with these transition services for a period of up to three years subsequent to the date of the sale, although the level of such activity declined significantly during 2011 and 2012. The transition services agreement was terminated by the purchaser on September 30, 2012.
 
Other Revenue
 
Under the terms of the asset purchase agreement for the sale of our former specialty pharmaceutical business (which was completed in January 2010), we were entitled to receive up to an additional $27.0 million in milestone payments if certain conditions are met. Of this amount, we earned and received a $5.0 million milestone payment in the first quarter of 2011, and another $5.0 million is no longer considered likely to be received. There can be no assurance that we will receive any of the remaining $17.0 million in milestone payments. In addition, we may receive royalties of 5 to 10 percent on incremental net sales above a 2009 baseline amount of our former four marketed specialty pharmaceutical products through 2014.
 
Miscellaneous Income
 
Miscellaneous income includes rental receipts totaling approximately $0.1 million, $0.6 million and $0.6 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively, in connection with the sublease of unused manufacturing and excess office facilities for which we have ongoing lease commitments. The underlying rental expense is reflected in general and administrative expense. On September 26, 2013 and as restated and amended on November 13, 2013, we entered into an Agreement of Sublease with Axcellerate  pursuant to which we sublet to Axcellerate a portion of our premises consisting of approximately 30,000 rentable square feet of the building located at 20 Kingsbridge Road, Piscataway, New Jersey and a share of related parking areas. The underlying rental payments are reflected in miscellaneous income.
 
In addition, during the second quarter of 2012, we received a non-refundable, non-creditable upfront payment of $0.2 million related to the licensing of PEG-SN38 as part of the Collaboration Agreement with Hisun. Also, as part of the transition services agreement referred to above, we were compensated for various general and administrative services provided to the purchaser of our former specialty pharmaceutical business. The compensation for this work includes reimbursement of costs incurred plus a mark-up defined in the agreement. Miscellaneous revenue was $0.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2013, representing a milestone event as part of the agreement with Hisun.   Hisun has not paid this milestone payment and the Company has determined that there is substantial doubt as to whether it will be paid, resulting in the $0.6 million provision for bad debts.   The Company is continuing to negotiate with Hisun to reach a resolution to this matter. Approximately $0.1 million has been earned for the transition services in each of the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011. The expenses incurred in relation to these services are reported as general and administrative – contracted services. Our involvement in the transitioning of general and administrative activities was essentially concluded during 2011.
 
 
30

 
Research and Development Expenses – Pipeline (in millions of dollars)
 
The Company was previously dedicated to the research and development of innovative therapeutics for patients with high unmet medical needs. Substantially all of our research and development activities were halted in 2012, and we wound down our remaining research and development activities during 2013. We have no intention of resuming any clinical development activities.
 
 
 
For the Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
2013
 
Change
 
2012
 
Change
 
2011
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development expenses
 
$
2.7
 
 
(87)
 
$
20.9
 
 
(48)
 
$
40.2
 
 
The following table summarizes our major pipeline research and development projects, the costs incurred for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011 and the latest phases of development (millions of dollars):
 
 
 
For the Years Ended
December 31,
 
 
 
Category
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
Latest Phase of Development
 
PEG-SN38
 
$
0.8
 
$
4.4
 
$
15.0
 
Phase I and Phase II, Transferred to Belrose
 
HIF - 1a antagonist
 
 
-
 
 
0.6
 
 
2.6
 
Phase I, Returned to Santaris
 
Survivin antagonist
 
 
-
 
 
0.3
 
 
1.0
 
Phase I, Returned to Santaris
 
Androgen Receptor antagonist
 
 
0.1
 
 
4.8
 
 
4.8
 
Phase I, Returned to Santaris
 
Depreciation
 
 
-
 
 
3.1
 
 
3.4
 
 
 
Additional LNA targets
 
 
-
 
 
0.2
 
 
0.9
 
Pre-clinical, Returned to Santaris
 
PEGylation technology (1)
 
 
-
 
 
1.9
 
 
-
 
Pre-clinical, Transferred to Belrose
 
Other R&D costs - pipeline
 
 
1.8
 
 
5.6
 
 
12.5
 
 
 
Total R&D - pipeline
 
$
2.7
 
$
20.9
 
$
40.2
 
 
 
 
(1) In 2012, expenses for PEGylation technology were allocated separately, while in 2011 they were included in other R&D costs.
 
Research and development expenses consist primarily of contractor fees principally related to clinical projects; costs related to research and development collaborations or licenses; drug supplies for preclinical and clinical activities; salaries, stock-based compensation and benefits; other research supplies and facilities charges. Program costs are those research and development costs which are directly related to specific programs that are tracked and managed at the individual program level. Other research and development costs are those costs incurred related to the Company’s on-going research and development activities, such as some personnel and facilities-related expenses, which are not allocated to specific programs given their general nature.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2013, research and development expenses decreased 87% to $2.7 million.  The Company was primarily engaged in winding down its research and development activities in 2013.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2012, research and development expenses decreased 48 percent to $20.9 million. We invested in the following programs during 2012:
  
·         PEG-SN38 – Spending on PEG-SN38 decreased in 2012 as clinical activity decreased. Spending on PEG-SN38 increased in 2011 as clinical activity increased in the Phase II metastatic colorectal cancer study, the Phase II metastatic breast cancer study, and the Phase I pediatric study. Enrollment stopped in 2012 in the Phase I pediatric study, and stopped in the two Phase II studies in 2011.
 
 
31

 
  · HIF-1α antagonist – Spending on the HIF-1α antagonist program decreased in 2012 versus 2011. Spending for 2012 was substantially lower than 2011 due to having completed enrollment in the two Phase I studies. In late 2013, Enzon returned this project to Santaris.
 
· Survivin antagonist – Spending on the Survivin mRNA antagonist program decreased in 2012 versus 2011 due to having completed enrollment in the Phase I study. In late 2012, Enzon returned this project to Santaris.
 
· Androgen Receptor (AR) antagonist – Spending on the AR mRNA antagonist program remained stable in 2012 versus 2011 as the Phase I study in patients with castrate resistant prostate cancer continued to accrue patients. In December 2012, Enzon decided to suspend clinical development of this program. In late 2013, Enzon returned this project to Santaris.
 
· Additional LNA targets – Under our agreement with Santaris, we had the right to develop and commercialize RNA antagonists directed against additional novel oncology gene targets selected by us, which were HER3 and ß-catenin. This agreement provided that any one of the compounds licensed by us could be returned to Santaris if the findings of our preclinical or clinical work did not support our continued investment. We returned three of the targets to Santaris during 2011 and one target to Santaris during 2012 and our remaining targets to Santaris during 2013. In 2013, 2012 and 2011, there were no milestone payments made to Santaris on our remaining targets.
 
Research and Development Expenses – Specialty and Contracted Services
 
Expenses associated with generating contract research and development revenue amounted to $0.1 million and $1.0 million in 2012 and 2011, respectively.
 
General and Administrative Expenses (in millions of dollars):
 
 
 
For the Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2013
 
Change
 
 
2012
 
Change
 
 
2011
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
General and administrative expenses
 
$
8.8
 
(39)
 
 
$
14.5
 
(17)
 
 
$
17.3
 
 
General and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and benefits for support functions; outside professional services for accounting, audit, tax, legal, and financing activities; depreciation; patent filing fees and facilities costs.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2013, general and administrative expenses were $8.8 million, down 39% from the prior year. The change in 2013 from 2012 was largely the result of a continued restructuring program. Other factors included a reduction in force and lower contractor services, insurance, rent, stock compensation expense, depreciation, and auditing/accounting fees.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2012, general and administrative expenses were $14.5 million, down 17% from the prior year. The decline in 2012 from 2011 was largely the result of a continued restructuring program. Others factors included a reduction in force and lower contractor services, insurance, rent, stock compensation expense, depreciation, and auditing/accounting fees. In addition, during the second quarter of 2012, we recognized $0.8 million for severance payments and benefits related to the departure of our former Principal Executive Officer, Chief Operating Officer, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer that were payable under the terms of her Severance and Release Agreement.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2011, general and administrative expenses were $17.3 million, down 32% from the prior year. The decline from the preceding year was largely the result of a restructuring program implemented in the fourth quarter of 2010, which reduced the number of employees and therefore the associated payroll costs, as well as the effects of our on-going cost containment efforts, including consolidation of facilities into the Piscataway, New Jersey location from our former Bridgewater, New Jersey headquarters facility.
 
 
32

 
General and Administrative Expenses – Contracted Services
 
As part of the transition services agreement with the purchaser of our former specialty pharmaceutical business, we provided certain general, administrative, financial, legal, human resource and information technology services for a period of up to one year. We were compensated for these services based upon costs incurred plus a mark-up defined in the transition services agreement. This administrative support activity effectively concluded in 2011, during which we received approximately $2 million.
 
Impairment of Property and Equipment
 
We continually evaluate property and equipment, including leasehold improvements, to determine whether events or changes in circumstances have occurred that may warrant revision of the estimated useful life or whether the remaining balance should be evaluated for possible impairment. We use an estimate of the related undiscounted cash flows over the remaining life of the property and equipment in assessing whether an asset has been impaired. We measure impairment losses based upon the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the fair value. See Note 2 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for information about our fair value of property and equipment. For the year ended December 31, 2012, we recorded $11.3 million of non-cash impairment charges related to our property and equipment to reduce the carrying value of these assets to fair market value. These charges mostly relate to leasehold improvements representing the Company’s process development laboratory and related equipment and were considered necessary in view of the Company’s announcement of plans to suspend all clinical development activities.
 
Restructuring
 
In December 2012, we made an announcement that contemplated a reduction in our workforce of approximately 15-20 employees and in March 2013, we announced a plan to further reduce our workforce from 19 employees to 12 employees.
 
As a result of our transition from a fully integrated biopharmaceutical company with research, manufacturing and marketing operations to a biotechnology company dedicated to oncology research and development, we undertook reductions in our workforce during 2011. In connection with our decision to exit our former headquarters facility in Bridgewater, New Jersey, we also incurred lease-related charges and wrote-off certain furnishings and leasehold improvements in 2011.
 
We incurred the following costs in connection with our restructuring programs during the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011 (in thousands of dollars):
 
 
 
For the Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
Employee separation benefits:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fourth-quarter 2013
 
$
1,018
 
$
-
 
$
-
 
Third-quarter 2013
 
 
25
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
Second-quarter 2013
 
 
596
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
First-quarter 2013
 
 
2,394
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
Fourth-quarter 2011
 
 
-
 
 
(19)
 
 
1,485
 
Third-quarter 2011
 
 
(32)
 
 
(200)
 
 
2,835
 
Second-quarter 2011
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
734
 
Fourth-quarter 2010
 
 
-
 
 
(20)
 
 
(72)
 
First-quarter 2010
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
(60)
 
 
 
 
4,001
 
 
(239)
 
 
4,922
 
Other restructuring costs:
 
 
775
 
 
62
 
 
1,103
 
Total restructuring charges
 
$
4,776
 
$
(177)
 
$
6,025
 
 
 
33

 
During 2013, separation expenses of $4.0 million were incurred in connection with terminating employees.
 
During 2013 and 2012, reversals of previously recognized expense of $32,000 and $200,000, respectively, were recognized due to changes in estimates of employee separation costs previously recorded.
 
During the fourth quarter of 2011, we recorded total restructuring charges in the amount of $1.4 million, of which $1.1 million related to the departure of our former Chief Operating Officer and Principal Executive Officer, Ralph del Campo, for severance payments and benefits payable under the terms of his severance agreement then in effect. Additionally, there were several research and development positions identified for elimination resulting in a charge of approximately $0.3 million for separation benefits.
 
During the third quarter of 2011, the Company incurred restructuring charges of $2.9 million for employee separation benefits as a result of a 48% reduction in force and $0.7 million for lease termination costs associated with the first and third floors of the Company’s former Bridgewater, New Jersey headquarters facility. During the second quarter of 2011, the Company recorded a restructuring charge of $0.7 million related to the departure of the Company’s Executive Vice President, Human Resources and Administration pursuant to the terms of the Severance and Release Agreement. During the first quarter of 2011, the Company incurred restructuring charges of $0.4 million related to lease termination costs for the former Bridgewater, New Jersey headquarters facility.
 
During the third quarter of 2011, we announced a plan to reduce our workforce and operating costs to more closely align our resources and capital with our then on-going research and development activities. This reduction in force reduced the number of employees by approximately 48 percent. Separation payments were made for up to a year following the respective separations. In connection with this restructuring, we recorded a charge of approximately $2.9 million for separation benefits. Also during the third quarter of 2011, we recorded a restructuring charge in the amount of $0.7 million to terminate an operating lease related to the third and first floors of our former Bridgewater, New Jersey headquarters facility.
 
During the second quarter of 2011, we recorded a restructuring charge in the amount of $0.7 million related to the departure of our Executive Vice President, Human Resources & Administration for severance payments and benefits that are payable under the terms of the Severance and Release Agreement.
 
During the first quarter of 2011, we recorded a restructuring charge in the amount of $0.4 million related to the excess of committed lease costs over potential sublease income for office space in Bridgewater, New Jersey that was vacated during the quarter when the Company relocated its corporate headquarters to Piscataway, New Jersey.
 
 
34

 
Other Income (Expense) (in millions of dollars):
 
 
 
For the Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2013
 
Change
 
 
2012
 
Change
 
 
2011
 
Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment income, net
 
$
0.5
 
(80)
 
 
$
2.6
 
53
 
 
$
1.7
 
Interest expense
 
 
(2.1)
 
(61)
 
 
 
(5.3)
 
(10)
 
 
 
(5.9)
 
Other, net
 
 
1.6
 
(111)
 
 
 
(0.2)
 
(300)
 
 
 
0.1
 
Total other income (expense)
 
$
-
 
(100)
 
 
$
(2.9)
 
(29)
 
 
$
(4.1)
 
 
Net other expense for the three years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011 was $0, $2.9 million, and $4.1 million, respectively. The repurchase and conversion of a portion of our 4% convertible notes during the three-year period affected the year-to-year comparisons in a number of ways (See Liquidity and Capital Resources below). Further discussion of each of the individual items follows.
 
Net investment income was $0.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2013, as compared to $2.6 million for the prior year. All short-term marketable securities matured or were sold to provide liquidity for the special dividend payments and retirement of the notes payable during 2013.
 
Interest expense was $2.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2013, as compared to $5.3 million for 2012. In June 2013, we retired the remaining principal balance of our 4% convertible notes and the declining interest costs are reflective of the retired notes.
 
Net investment income in 2012 was $2.6 million, which represents an increase of 53% versus net investment income in 2011. During 2012, we sold long-term marketable securities in our portfolio and realized $0.9 million of gains. Net investment income in 2011 was $1.7 million, which represents a decline of 51% versus $3.5 million in net investment income earned in 2010. For the first three quarters of 2011 and for all of 2010, as debt securities matured in our portfolio the proceeds were held in money market funds as opposed to being reinvested in additional debt securities. The maturing higher-yielding securities were purchased several years earlier when prevailing interest rates were higher for all classes of debt holdings. As they matured, the proceeds were reinvested in lower-yielding money market funds in a historically low interest rate environment. During the fourth quarter of 2011, we resumed investing excess cash in a portfolio of marketable debt securities, although at much lower rates than the previous portfolio was earning.
 
Interest expense includes amortization of deferred debt issuance cost and when debt is repurchased, the write-off of deferred debt issuance costs. Interest expense has continued to decline over the three-year period through 2013, from $5.9 million in 2011 to $5.3 million in 2012 to $2.1 million in 2013. In June 2013, we retired the remaining outstanding principal balance of our 4% convertible notes at par. In the fourth quarter of 2011, we retired $5.0 million in principal amount of our 4% convertible notes at par. The write-off of deferred debt issuance costs was approximately $62,000 and $30,000 for the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. In 2012, the loss on early retirement of notes payable was $212,000. In 2012, we retired $13.6 million in principal amount of our outstanding 4% convertible notes, $3.7 million of which was retired in the first quarter of 2012 and $9.9 million of which was retired in the second quarter of 2012.
 
Other income in 2013 was related, primarily, to sales of assets held for sale for $1.2 million and the sale of Peg Technology to Belrose. Other income in 2012 and 2011 was not material to our results of operations.
 
 
35

 
Income Taxes
 
Income tax benefit of $28,000 in 2013 was recorded due to 2012 AMT tax payment which will be refunded.
 
Income tax expense in 2012 was primarily comprised of a state income tax benefit of $4.2 million related to the sale of New Jersey net operating losses and research and development credits. No federal income tax expense, other than $30,000 in alternative minimum tax, was incurred in relation to normal operating results due to the utilization of net operating losses to offset taxes that would otherwise accrue to operating income.
 
Income tax expense in 2011 was primarily comprised of foreign withholding taxes on repatriated funds.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Our current sources of liquidity are (i) our cash on hand, (ii) anticipated royalty revenues from third-party sales of marketed drug products that utilize our proprietary technology (primarily anticipated royalty revenues from sales of PegIntron) and (iii) anticipated rental income from our sublease to Axcellerate. While we no longer have any research and development activities, we continue to retain rights to receive royalties from existing licensing arrangements with other companies. We believe that our anticipated royalty revenues, primarily anticipated royalty revenues from sales of PegIntron, together with our anticipated rental income from our sublease to Axcellerate, will be sufficient to fund our operations, at least, through March 31, 2015. However, there can be no assurance that we will receive amounts of royalty revenues or rental income as anticipated.
 
Cash provided by operating activities represents net income, as adjusted for certain non-cash items including depreciation, amortization, impairment and stock based compensation expense and the effect of changes in operating assets and liabilities. Cash provided by operating activities during 2013 was $14.0 million, as compared to cash provided by operating activities of $8.4 million in 2012. The increase was due to a $20.9 million change in net income, from a loss of $2.8 million in 2012 to a net profit of $18.1 million in 2013, and a decrease in net charges related to non-cash items from $20.5 million in 2012 to $(0.9) million in 2013 and by changes in operating assets and liabilities of $6.1 million.
 
Cash provided by investing activities amounted to $121.1 million in 2013 as compared to cash provided by investing activities in 2012 of $97.5 million. We sold marketable securities in 2013 to generate cash necessary to pay the special dividends in June and December 2013, as well as to retire the $115.8 million outstanding principal balance of our convertible 4% notes payable.
 
Cash used in financing activities in 2013 amounted to $206.0 million with the most significant uses being the use of $89.8 million to pay the special cash dividends in June and December 2013 and the retirement of the entire $115.8 million outstanding principal balance of our convertible 4% notes payable.
 
The net effect of the foregoing was a reduction of cash and cash equivalents of $70.8 million, from $77.3 million at December 31, 2012 to $6.5 million at December 31, 2013.
 
 
36

 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
As part of our ongoing business, we do not participate in transactions that generate relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow limited purposes. As of December 31, 2013, we were not involved in any off-balance sheet special purpose entity transactions.
 
Contractual Obligations
 
Contractual obligations represent future cash commitments and liabilities under agreements with third parties, and exclude contingent liabilities for which we cannot reasonably predict future payment. The following chart represents our contractual cash obligations as of December 31, 2013 (in millions):
 
 
 
Payments Due By Period
 
Contractual Obligations and Commercial
    Commitments
 
Total
 
Less
than 1
Year
 
2 – 3
Years
 
4 – 5
Years
 
More
than 5
years
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating lease obligations
 
$
5.6
 
$
.7
 
$
1.4
 
$
1.5
 
$
2.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sublease lease revenues
 
$
2.4
 
$
.1
 
$
.5
 
$
.8
 
$
1.0
 
 
We currently lease a facility in Piscataway, New Jersey, which is currently scheduled to expire on July 31, 2021.
 
In September 2013, we entered into a sublease agreement, which was amended and restated in November 2013, with Axcellerate, pursuant to which we sublease to Axcellerate a portion of our premises consisting of approximately 30,000 rentable square feet of the building located at 20 Kingsbridge Road, Piscataway, New Jersey and a share of related parking areas. The term of the sublease commenced on November 14, 2013 and will expire on July 30, 2021. The monthly fixed rent payable by Axcellerate to us under the sublease is as follows: (i) in year one, $10,417, (ii) in year two, $15,625, (iii) in year three, $20,833, (iv) in year four, $26,042 and (v) in each of years five through eight, $35,000. The sublease also provides for Axcellerate to pay additional rent to cover its applicable share of real estate taxes, operating expenses, sewer and gas usage, water usage, electricity usage and certain other charges incurred by Axcellerate. 
 
37

 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
A critical accounting policy is one that is both important to the portrayal of a company’s financial condition and results of operations and requires management’s most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain.
 
Our consolidated financial statements are presented in accordance with accounting principles that are generally accepted in the U.S. All applicable U.S. GAAP accounting standards effective as of December 31, 2013 have been taken into consideration in preparing the consolidated financial statements. The preparation of the consolidated financial statements requires estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and related disclosures. Some of those estimates are subjective and complex, and, consequently, actual results could differ from those estimates. The following accounting policies and estimates have been highlighted as significant because changes to certain judgments and assumptions inherent in these policies could affect our consolidated financial statements.
 
We base our estimates, to the extent possible, on historical experience. Historical information is modified as appropriate based on current business factors and various assumptions that we believe are necessary to form a basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities. We evaluate our estimates on an ongoing basis and make changes when necessary. Actual results could differ from our estimates.
 
Revenues
 
Royalties under our license agreements with third-parties and pursuant to the sale of our former specialty pharmaceutical business are recognized when reasonably determinable and earned through the sale of the product by the third-party and collection is reasonably assured. Notification from the third-party licensee of the royalties earned under the license agreement is the basis for royalty revenue recognition. This information generally is received from the licensees in the quarter subsequent to the period in which the sales occur.
 
Contingent payments due under the asset purchase agreement related to the sale of our former specialty pharmaceutical business are recognized as income when the milestone has been achieved and collection is assured. Such payments are non-refundable, and no further effort is required on the part of the Company or the other party to complete the earning process. Non-refundable payments received upon entering into license and other collaborative agreements where we have continuing involvement are recorded as deferred revenue and recognized ratably over the estimated service period.
 
The sale of our former specialty pharmaceutical business involved the application of guidance regarding multiple deliverables in separating the revenues associated with the sale of in-process research and development from the other elements of the transaction, namely the assets sold as part of discontinued operations and our continuing involvement in contract research activities. We determined that the in-process research and development had value to the buyer of our former specialty pharmaceutical business on a stand-alone basis and that there was objective and reliable evidence available to support the allocation of the total purchase price to the respective units of accounting.
 
Property and Equipment and Assets Held for Sale
 
Property and equipment are stated at cost (reduced for any impairment charges), net of accumulated depreciation. Depreciation of fixed assets is provided by the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. When assets are retired or otherwise disposed of, the cost and related accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts, and any resulting gain or loss is recognized in operations for the period. Amortization of leasehold improvements is calculated using the straight-line method over the remaining term of the lease or the life of the asset, whichever is shorter. The costs of repairs and maintenance are charged to operations as incurred while significant improvements are capitalized.
 
Property and equipment are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. If circumstances require a property and equipment or asset group be tested for possible impairment, we first compare undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by that property and equipment or asset group to its carrying amount. If the carrying amount of the property and equipment or asset group is not recoverable on an undiscounted cash flow basis, an impairment is recognized to the extent that the carrying amount exceeds its fair value. Fair value is determined through various valuation techniques including discounted cash flow models, quoted market values and third-party independent appraisals, as considered necessary.
 
Because we plan to sell all of our remaining property and equipment through a third-party liquidator, we have reduced the carry value of such property and equipment to its estimated fair market value and classified it as Assets Held for Sale as of December 31, 2013.
 
 
38

 
Research and Development Expenses
 
We no longer perform research and development activities. In prior periods, we accrued expenses for the cost of work performed by contract research organizations, contract manufacturing organizations and others based upon the estimated amount of the total effort completed on each order, study or project using factors such as the number of lots produced, the number of patients enrolled, the number of active clinical sites and the duration for which the patients were enrolled in the study. We based the estimates on the information available at the time. Additional information may have become available at a later date that would enable us to develop a more accurate estimate. Such changes in estimate would generally be recognized in the period when the information is first known.
 
Income Taxes
 
Under the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. A valuation allowance on net deferred tax assets is provided for when it is more likely than not some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. As of December 31, 2012, we believe, based on our projections, that it is more likely than not that our net deferred tax assets, including our net operating losses from operating activities and stock option exercises, will not be realized. We recognize the benefit of an uncertain tax position that we have taken or expect to take on the income tax returns we file if it is more likely than not we will be able to sustain our position.
 
Stock-Based Compensation
 
Compensation cost, measured by the fair value of the equity instruments issued, adjusted for estimated forfeitures, is recognized in the financial statements as the respective awards are earned. The impact that stock-based compensation awards will have on our results of operations is a function of the number of shares awarded, vesting and the trading price and fair value of our stock at the date of grant or modification. Fair value of stock-based compensation is determined using the Black-Scholes valuation model, which employs weighted-average assumptions for the expected volatility of our stock, the expected term until exercise of the options, the risk-free interest rate, and dividends, if any. Expected volatility is based on our historical stock price information.
 
Item 7A.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
None. 
 
 
39

 
Item 8.     Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
Financial statements and notes thereto appear on pages F-1 to F-33 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Item 9.     Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
 
 As previously disclosed in our Current Report on Form 8-K filed on August 12, 2013, on August 7, 2013, the Finance and Audit Committee of our Board of Directors dismissed KPMG LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm and appointed EisnerAmper LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013. There were no disagreements or reportable events in connection with the change in accountants requiring disclosure under Item 304(b) of Regulation S-K.
 
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
 
(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
Our management, under the direction of our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), as of December 31, 2013. Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.
 
(b) Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
In December 2012, Enzon announced its plans to suspend clinical development activities and to possibly dispose of assets or sell the company. In connection with its plans, the Company expected to reduce its workforce by as much as 45%. The Company experienced a reduction of two staff members within the finance organization relating to voluntary and involuntary terminations in the beginning of first quarter of 2013, which has impacted the internal control over financial reporting process as individual responsibilities were re-assigned to address financial reporting needs. By December 31, 2013, the Company had no employees within the financial organization. However, internal controls were transitioned and maintained by the engagement of a third-party accounting firm to take on the accounting department functions. The accounting firm is being supervised by Richard L. Feinstein, a consultant, as principal accounting and financial officer.
 
(c) Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
It is the responsibility of the management of Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and subsidiaries to establish and maintain effective internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act). Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed by, or under the supervision of our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of Enzon; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of consolidated financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of Enzon are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of Enzon; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding the prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of Enzon’s assets that could have a material effect on the consolidated financial statements of Enzon. 
 
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on criteria established in “Internal Control—Integrated Framework” issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Our management concluded that as of December 31, 2013 our internal control over financial reporting was effective based on those criteria.
  
Our independent registered public accounting firm, EisnerAmper LLP, has issued an unqualified report on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013, which is included herein.
 
(d) Limitations on the Effectiveness of Controls
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation.
 
 
40

 
/s/ George W. Hebard III
 
/s/ Richard L. Feinstein
George W. Hebard III
 
Richard L. Feinstein
Interim Principal Executive Officer and
 
Vice President-Finance and
Interim Chief Operating Officer
 
Principal Financial Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
 
(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)
 
 
 
March 14, 2014
 
March 14, 2014
 
 
41

 
(f) Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
To the Board of Directors and Stockholders
Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Subsidiaries
 
We have audited Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Subsidiaries (the “Company”) internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013, based on criteria established in the 1992 Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”).  The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting.  Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.
 
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).  Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.  Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk.  Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances.  We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.  A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements.  Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
In our opinion, Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Subsidiaries maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013, based on criteria established in 1992 Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by COSO.
 
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheet of Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Subsidiaries as of December 31, 2013, and the related consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2013, and our report dated March 14, 2014 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
 
/s/ EisnerAmper LLP
 
Iselin, New Jersey
March 14, 2014
 
 
42

 
Item 9B. Other Information
 
None.
 
PART III.
 
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
 
If we file a definitive proxy statement relating to our 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders with the SEC not later than 120 days after December 31, 2013, the information required by this Item 10 is incorporated herein by reference to such definitive proxy statement. However, if such definitive proxy statement is not filed with the SEC in such 120-day period, we will file an amendment to this Annual Report on Form 10-K with the SEC not later than the end of such 120-day period to include the information required by this Item 10.
 
Item 11. Executive Compensation
 
If we file a definitive proxy statement relating to our 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders with the SEC not later than 120 days after December 31, 2013, the information required by this Item 11 is incorporated herein by reference to such definitive proxy statement. However, if such definitive proxy statement is not filed with the SEC in such 120-day period, we will file an amendment to this Annual Report on Form 10-K with the SEC not later than the end of such 120-day period to include the information required by this Item 11.
 
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
 
If we file a definitive proxy statement relating to our 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders with the SEC not later than 120 days after December 31, 2013, the information required by this Item 12 is incorporated herein by reference to such definitive proxy statement. However, if such definitive proxy statement is not filed with the SEC in such 120-day period, we will file an amendment to this Annual Report on Form 10-K with the SEC not later than the end of such 120-day period to include the information required by this Item 12.
 
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
 
If we file a definitive proxy statement relating to our 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders with the SEC not later than 120 days after December 31, 2013, the information required by this Item 13 is incorporated herein by reference to such definitive proxy statement. However, if such definitive proxy statement is not filed with the SEC in such 120-day period, we will file an amendment to this Annual Report on Form 10-K with the SEC not later than the end of such 120-day period to include the information required by this Item 13.
 
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services
 
If we file a definitive proxy statement relating to our 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders with the SEC not later than 120 days after December 31, 2013, the information required by this Item 14 is incorporated herein by reference to such definitive proxy statement. However, if such definitive proxy statement is not filed with the SEC in such 120-day period, we will file an amendment to this Annual Report on Form 10-K with the SEC not later than the end of such 120-day period to include the information required by this Item 14.
 
PART IV
 
Item 15.    Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
 
(a)(1), (a)(2) and (c). The response to this portion of Item 15 is submitted as a separate section of this report commencing on page F-1.
 
(a)(3) and (b). Exhibits (numbered in accordance with Item 601 of Regulation S-K).
 
Exhibit
 
 
 
Reference
Number
 
Description
 
No.
2.
1
 
Asset Purchase Agreement, dated as of November 9, 2009, by and between Klee Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Defiante Farmacêutica, S.A. and Sigma-Tau Finanziaria S.p.A., on the one hand, and Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc., on the other hand
 
(11)
3.
1
 
Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation dated May 18, 2006, together with that Certificate of Amendment to the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation dated July 13, 2010
 
(1)
3.
2
 
Second Amended and Restated By-Laws effective March 11, 2011, as amended by Amendment No. 1 to the Second Amended and Restated By-Laws effective February 15, 2013
 
(15)
10.
1
 
Lease dated April 1, 1995 regarding 20 Kingsbridge Road, Piscataway, New Jersey
 
(3)
10.
2
 
First Amendment to Lease regarding 20 Kingsbridge Road, Piscataway, New Jersey, dated as of November 13, 2001
 
(4)
 
 
43

 
10.
3
 
Agreement of Sublease, dated as of September 26, 2013, between Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Axcellerate Pharma, LLC
 
(16)
10.
4
 
Amended and Restated Agreement of Sublease, dated as of November 13, 2013, between Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Axcellerate Pharma, LLC
 
+
10.
5
 
2001 Incentive Stock Plan, as amended and restated, of Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.**
 
(2)
10.
6
 
Development, License and Supply Agreement between Enzon, Inc. (now known as Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.) and Schering Corporation; dated November 14, 1990, as amended*
 
(5)
10.
7
 
2011 Outside Director Compensation Plan**
 
(15)
10.
8
 
2013 Outside Director Compensation Plan**
 
(15)
10.
9
 
Amended and Restated 2013 Outside Director Compensation Plan**
 
(16)
10.
10
 
Form of Non-Qualified Stock Option Agreement for Executive Officers under the 2001 Incentive Stock Plan**
 
(7)
10.
11
 
Form of Restricted Stock Award Agreement for Executive Officers under the 2001 Incentive Stock Plan**
 
(7)
10.
12
 
Form of Restricted Stock Unit Award Agreement for Executive Officers under the 2001 Incentive Stock Plan**
 
(8)
10.
13
 
Form of Restricted Stock Unit Award Agreement for Independent Directors under the 2001 Incentive Stock Plan**
 
(6)
10.
14
 
Form of Stock Option Award Agreement for Independent Directors under the 1987 Non-Qualified Stock Option Plan**
 
(6)
10.
15
 
Form of Stock Option Award Agreement for Independent Directors under the 2001 Incentive Stock Plan**
 
(6)
10.
16
 
Amendment to Outstanding Awards Under 2001 Incentive Stock Plan**
 
(10)
10.
17
 
2001 Incentive Stock Plan Non-Qualified Stock Plan Terms and Conditions**
 
(10)
10.
18
 
2001 Incentive Stock Plan Restricted Stock Unit Award Terms and Conditions**
 
(10)
10.
19
 
2001 Incentive Stock Plan Restricted Stock Award Terms and Conditions**
 
(10)
10.
20
 
2011 Stock Option and Incentive Plan**
 
(12)
10.
21
 
Form of Non-Qualified Stock Option Agreement for Company Employees under the 2011 Stock Option and Incentive Plan**
 
(12)
10.
22
 
Form of Non-Qualified Stock Option Agreement for Non-Employee Directors under the 2011 Stock Option and Incentive Plan**
 
(12)
10.
23
 
Form of Restricted Stock Unit Award Agreement for Company Employees under the 2011 Stock Option and Incentive Plan**
 
(12)
10.
24
 
Form of Restricted Stock Unit Award Agreement for Non-Employee Directors under the 2011 Stock Option and Incentive Plan**
 
(12)
10.
25
 
2007 Employee Stock Purchase Plan
 
(9)
10.
26
 
General Severance Agreement dated as of February 12, 2013, by and between Timothy G. Daly and Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
 
(13)
10.
27
 
Severance Agreement and Release of Claims, dated February 28, 2013, by and between Aby Buchbinder and Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
 
(14)
10.
28
 
Separation Agreement, dated as of September 27, 2013, between Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Andrew Rackear**
 
(17)
10.
29
 
Separation Agreement, dated as of December 13, 2013, between Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and George W. Hebard III**
 
+
10.
30
 
Independent Contractor Agreement, dated as of December 13, 2013, between Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Richard L. Feinstein**
 
+
16.
1
 
Letter of KPMG LLP dated August 12, 2013
 
(18)
21.
1
 
Subsidiaries of Registrant
 
+
23.
1
 
Consent of EisnerAmper LLP
 
+
23.
 
Consent of KPMG LLP
 
+
31.
1
 
Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
+
31.
2
 
Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
+
32.
1
 
Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002***
 
+
32.
2
 
Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002***
 
+
101
 
 
The following materials from Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013, formatted in XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) Consolidated Statements of Operations, (iii) Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity, (iv) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flow, and (v) Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
 
+
 
 
44

 
+ Filed herewith
 
* Portions of this exhibit have been redacted and filed separately with the Commission pursuant to a confidential treatment request.
 
** Management contracts or compensatory plans and arrangements required to be filed pursuant to Item 601(b)(10)(ii)(A) or (iii) of Regulation S-K.
 
*** These certifications are not deemed filed by the Commission and are not to be incorporated by reference in any filing the Company makes under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, irrespective of any general incorporation language in any filings.
 
Referenced exhibit was previously filed with the Commission as an exhibit to the Company’s filing indicated below and is incorporated herein by reference to that filing:
 
(1) Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2010 filed August 9, 2010
 
(2) Current Report on Form 8-K filed May 19, 2006
 
(3) Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 1995 filed May 12, 1995
 
(4) Transition Report on Form 10-K for the six months ended December 31, 2005.
 
(5) Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2002 filed on September 26, 2002
 
(6) Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2005 filed November 9, 2005
 
(7) Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended December 31, 2004 filed February 9, 2005
 
(8) Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2005 filed May 10, 2005
 
(9) Registration Statement on Form S-8 (File No. 333-140282) filed January 29, 2007
 
(10) Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008 filed March 9, 2009
 
(11) Current Report on Form 8-K filed November 12, 2009
 
(12) Registration Statement on Form S-8 (File No. 333-174099) filed May 10, 2011
 
(13) Current Report on Form 8-K filed February 12, 2013
 
(14) Current Report on Form 8-K filed February 28, 2013
 
(15) Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012 filed March 18, 2013
 
(16) Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2013 filed August 6, 2013
 
(17) Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2013 filed November 12, 2013
 
(18) Current Report on Form 8-K filed August 12, 2013
 
 
45

 
SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
ENZON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
 
(Registrant)
 
 
Dated:  March 14, 2014
/s/ George W. Hebard III
 
George W. Hebard III
 
Interim Principal Executive Officer and
 
Interim Chief Operating Officer
 
(Principal Executive Officer)
 
 
Dated:  March 14, 2014
/s/ Richard L. Feinstein
 
Richard L. Feinstein
 
Vice President-Finance
 
Principal Financial Officer
 
(Principal Financial Officer and
Principal Accounting Officer)
 
 
46

 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
 
Name
 
Title
 
Date
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ George W. Hebard III
 
Interim Principal Executive Officer and
 
March 14, 2014
George W. Hebard III
 
Interim Chief Operating Officer
 
 
 
 
(Principal Executive Officer)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ Richard L. Feinstein
 
Vice President,- Finance
 
March 14, 2014
Richard L. Feinstein
 
Principal Financial Officer
 
 
 
 
(Principal Financial Officer
 
 
 
 
and Principal Accounting Officer)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ Jonathan Christodoro
 
Chairman of the Board
 
March 14, 2014
Jonathan Christodoro
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ Odysseas Kostas
 
Director
 
March 14, 2014
Odysseas Kostas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ Jennifer McNealey
 
Director
 
March 14, 2014
Jennifer McNealey
 
 
 
 
 
 
47

 
ENZON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Index
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firms
 
F-2
Consolidated Financial Statements:
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets - December 31, 2013 and 2012
 
F-4
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) - Years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011
 
F-5
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity - Years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011
 
F-7
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - Years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011
 
F-8
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
F-9
 
 
F- 1

 
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
 
The Board of Directors and Stockholders
Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Subsidiaries
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2013, and the related consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2013.  The consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management.  Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audit.
 
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).  Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement.  An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements.  An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation.  We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Subsidiaries as of December 31, 2013, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2013 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
 
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Subsidiaries internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013, based on criteria established in 1992 Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”), and our report dated March 14, 2014 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
 
/s/ EisnerAmper LLP
 
Iselin, New Jersey
March 14, 2014
 
 
F- 2

 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
The Board of Directors and Stockholders
Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.:
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) as of December 31, 2012, and the related consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss), stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2012. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2012, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2012, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
 
As stated in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, in December 2012, the Company announced that its Board of Directors has retained a financial advisor to assist in reviewing the possible sale or disposition of one or more corporate assets or a sale of the Company and established a special committee to oversee the Company’s sale review process. In connection with the sale review process, the Company has announced plans to suspend all clinical development activities.
 
/s/ KPMG LLP
 
Short Hills, New Jersey
March 18, 2013
 
 
F- 3

 
ENZON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 
 
 
December 31,
 
December 31,
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
6,520
 
$
77,348
 
Marketable securities
 
 
-
 
 
119,391
 
Other current assets