10-K 1 d634352d10k.htm FORM 10-K Form 10-K
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM 10-K

Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013

Commission file number 001-09718

THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Pennsylvania

    

25-1435979

 
  (State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)      (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)  

One PNC Plaza

249 Fifth Avenue

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15222-2707

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code - (412) 762-2000

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class      

 Name of Each Exchange

    on Which Registered    

Common Stock, par value $5.00

    New York Stock Exchange

Depositary Shares Each Representing a 1/4,000 Interest in a Share of Fixed-to-Floating Rate Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series P

    New York Stock Exchange

Depositary Shares Each Representing a 1/4,000 Interest in a Share of 5.375% Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series Q

    New York Stock Exchange

Warrants (expiring December 31, 2018) to purchase Common Stock

    New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

$1.80 Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock - Series B, par value $1.00

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes X No     

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes      No X

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes X No     

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes X No     

Indicate by check mark if the disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.     

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer X   Accelerated filer        Non-accelerated filer        Smaller reporting company     

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes      No X

The aggregate market value of the registrant’s outstanding voting common stock held by nonaffiliates on June 30, 2013, determined using the per share closing price on that date on the New York Stock Exchange of $72.92, was approximately $38.6 billion. There is no non-voting common equity of the registrant outstanding.

Number of shares of registrant’s common stock outstanding at February 19, 2014: 534,064,610

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement of The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A for the 2014 annual meeting of shareholders (Proxy Statement) are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.


Table of Contents

THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC.

Cross-Reference Index to 2013 Form 10-K

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  

PART I

     

Item 1

   Business.      1   

Item 1A

   Risk Factors.      13   

Item 1B

   Unresolved Staff Comments.      24   

Item 2

   Properties.      24   

Item 3

   Legal Proceedings.      24   

Item 4

   Mine Safety Disclosures.      24   

Executive Officers of the Registrant

     24   

Directors of the Registrant

     26   

PART II

     

Item 5

   Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.      26   
   Common Stock Performance Graph      27   

Item 6

   Selected Financial Data.      28   

Item 7

   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A).      30   
  

Executive Summary

     30   
  

Consolidated Income Statement Review

     35   
  

Consolidated Balance Sheet Review

     38   
  

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements And Variable Interest Entities

     48   
  

Fair Value Measurements

     49   
  

European Exposure

     49   
  

Business Segments Review

     50   
  

Critical Accounting Estimates And Judgments

     61   
  

Status Of Qualified Defined Benefit Pension Plan

     66   
  

Recourse And Repurchase Obligations

     67   
  

Risk Management

     71   
  

2012 Versus 2011

     96   
  

Glossary Of Terms

     99   
  

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Information

     104   

Item 7A

   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.      105   
Item 8    Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.    106  
   Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm      106   
   Consolidated Income Statement      107   
   Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income      108   
   Consolidated Balance Sheet      109   
   Consolidated Statement Of Changes In Equity      110   
   Consolidated Statement Of Cash Flows      111   
   Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements      113   
  

Note 1 Accounting Policies

     113   
  

Note 2 Acquisition and Divestiture Activity

     124   

 


Table of Contents

THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC.

Cross-Reference Index to 2013 Form 10-K (continued)

TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued)

 

     Page  
Item 8    Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. (continued)       
  

Note 3 Loan Sale and Servicing Activities and Variable Interest Entities

     125   
  

Note 4 Loans and Commitments to Extend Credit

     130   
  

Note 5 Asset Quality

     131   
  

Note 6 Purchased Loans

     145   
  

Note 7 Allowances for Loan and Lease Losses and Unfunded Loan Commitments and Letters of Credit

     146   
  

Note 8 Investment Securities

     149   
  

Note 9 Fair Value

     154   
  

Note 10 Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

     172   
  

Note 11 Premises, Equipment and Leasehold Improvements

     175   
  

Note 12 Time Deposits

     176   
  

Note 13 Borrowed Funds

     176   
  

Note 14 Capital Securities of Subsidiary Trusts and Perpetual Trust Securities

     177   
  

Note 15 Employee Benefit Plans

     179   
  

Note 16 Stock Based Compensation Plans

     186   
  

Note 17 Financial Derivatives

     189   
  

Note 18 Earnings Per Share

     197   
  

Note 19 Equity

     198   
  

Note 20 Other Comprehensive Income

     200   
  

Note 21 Income Taxes

     202   
  

Note 22 Regulatory Matters

     203   
  

Note 23 Legal Proceedings

     204   
  

Note 24 Commitments and Guarantees

     212   
  

Note 25 Parent Company

     218   
  

Note 26 Segment Reporting

     219   
  

Note 27 Subsequent Events

     222   
   Statistical Information (Unaudited)      222   

Item 9

   Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.      229   

Item 9A

   Controls and Procedures.      229   

Item 9B

   Other Information.      230   

PART III

  

Item 10

   Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.      230   

Item 11

   Executive Compensation.      230   

Item 12

   Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.      230   

Item 13

   Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.      233   

Item 14

   Principal Accounting Fees and Services.      233   

PART IV

     

Item 15

   Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.      233   

SIGNATURES

     234   

EXHIBIT INDEX

  

 


Table of Contents

THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC.

Cross-Reference Index to 2013 Form 10-K (continued)

 

MD&A TABLE REFERENCE

 

Table

  

Description

  

Page

 

1

   Summary Financial Results      32   

2

   Summarized Average Balance Sheet      34   

3

   Results Of Businesses – Summary      35   

4

   Net Interest Income and Net Interest Margin      35   

5

   Noninterest Income      36   

6

   Summarized Balance Sheet Data      38   

7

   Details Of Loans      39   

8

   Accretion – Purchased Impaired Loans      40   

9

   Purchased Impaired Loans – Accretable Yield      40   

10

   Valuation of Purchased Impaired Loans      41   

11

   Weighted Average Life of the Purchased Impaired Portfolios      41   

12

   Accretable Difference Sensitivity – Total Purchased Impaired Loans      42   

13

   Net Unfunded Credit Commitments      42   

14

   Investment Securities      43   

15

   Loans Held For Sale      44   

16

   Details Of Funding Sources      45   

17

   Shareholders’ Equity      45   

18

   Basel I Risk-Based Capital      46   

19

   Estimated Pro forma Fully Phased-In Basel III Tier 1 Common Capital Ratio      47   

20

   Pro forma Transitional Basel III Tier 1 Common Capital Ratio      48   

21

   Fair Value Measurements – Summary      49   

22

   Summary of European Exposure      49   

23

   Retail Banking Table      51   

24

   Corporate & Institutional Banking Table      53   

25

   Asset Management Group Table      56   

26

   Residential Mortgage Banking Table      58   

27

   BlackRock Table      60   

28

   Non-Strategic Assets Portfolio Table      60   

29

   Pension Expense – Sensitivity Analysis      67   

30

   Analysis of Quarterly Residential Mortgage Repurchase Claims by Vintage      68   

31

   Analysis of Quarterly Residential Mortgage Unresolved Asserted Indemnification and Repurchase Claims      68   

32

   Analysis of Residential Mortgage Indemnification and Repurchase Claim Settlement Activity      69   

33

   Analysis of Home Equity Unresolved Asserted Indemnification and Repurchase Claims      70   

34

   Analysis of Home Equity Indemnification and Repurchase Claim Settlement Activity      70   

35

   Nonperforming Assets By Type      75   

36

   OREO and Foreclosed Assets      76   

37

   Change in Nonperforming Assets      76   

38

   Accruing Loans Past Due 30 To 59 Days      77   

 


Table of Contents

THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC.

Cross-Reference Index to 2013 Form 10-K (continued)

MD&A TABLE REFERENCE (Continued)

 

Table

  

Description

  

Page

 

39

   Accruing Loans Past Due 60 To 89 Days      77   

40

   Accruing Loans Past Due 90 Days Or More      78   

41

   Home Equity Lines of Credit – Draw Period End Dates      79   

42

   Consumer Real Estate Related Loan Modifications      80   

43

   Consumer Real Estate Related Loan Modifications Re-Default by Vintage      80   

44

   Summary of Troubled Debt Restructurings      82   

45

   Loan Charge-Offs And Recoveries      82   

46

   Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses      84   

47

   Credit Ratings as of December 31, 2013 for PNC and PNC Bank, N.A.      91   

48

   Contractual Obligations      91   

49

   Other Commitments      91   

50

   Interest Sensitivity Analysis      92   

51

   Net Interest Income Sensitivity to Alternative Rate Scenarios (Fourth Quarter 2013)      92   

52

   Alternate Interest Rate Scenarios: One Year Forward      93   

53

   Enterprise-Wide Gains/Losses Versus Value-at-Risk      93   

54

   Customer-Related Trading Revenue      93   

55

   Equity Investments Summary      94   

56

   Financial Derivatives Summary      96   

 


Table of Contents

THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC.

Cross-Reference Index to 2013 Form 10-K (continued)

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS TABLE REFERENCE

 

Table

  

Description

  

Page

 

57

   Certain Financial Information and Cash Flows Associated with Loan Sale and Servicing Activities      126   

58

   Principal Balance, Delinquent Loans (Loans 90 Days or More Past Due), and Net Charge-offs Related to Serviced Loans      127   

59

   Consolidated VIEs – Carrying Value      127   

60

   Non-Consolidated VIEs      128   

61

   Loans Summary      130   

62

   Net Unfunded Credit Commitments      131   

63

   Analysis of Loan Portfolio      132   

64

   Nonperforming Assets      133   

65

   Commercial Lending Asset Quality Indicators      135   

66

   Home Equity and Residential Real Estate Balances      136   

67

   Home Equity and Residential Real Estate Asset Quality Indicators – Excluding Purchased Impaired Loans      137   

68

   Home Equity and Residential Real Estate Asset Quality Indicators – Purchased Impaired Loans      138   

69

   Credit Card and Other Consumer Loan Classes Asset Quality Indicators      139   

70

   Summary of Troubled Debt Restructurings      140   

71

   Financial Impact and TDRs by Concession Type      141   

72

   TDRs which have Subsequently Defaulted      143   

73

   Impaired Loans      144   

74

   Purchased Impaired Loans – Balances      145   

75

   Purchased Impaired Loans – Accretable Yield      145   

76

   Rollforward of Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses and Associated Loan Data      147   

77

   Rollforward of Allowance for Unfunded Loan Commitments and Letters of Credit      148   

78

   Investment Securities Summary      149   

79

   Gross Unrealized Loss and Fair Value of Securities Available for Sale      151   

80

   Credit Impairment Assessment Assumptions – Non-Agency Residential Mortgage-Backed and Asset-Backed Securities      152   

81

   Other-Than-Temporary Impairments      152   

82

   Rollforward of Cumulative OTTI Credit Losses Recognized in Earnings      153   

83

   Gains (Losses) on Sales of Securities Available for Sale      153   

84

   Contractual Maturity of Debt Securities      153   

85

   Weighted-Average Expected Maturity of Mortgage and Other Asset-Backed Debt Securities      154   

86

   Fair Value of Securities Pledged and Accepted as Collateral      154   

87

   Fair Value Measurements – Summary      160   

88

   Reconciliation of Level 3 Assets and Liabilities      161   

89

   Fair Value Measurements – Recurring Quantitative Information      163   

90

   Fair Value Measurements – Nonrecurring      166   

91

   Fair Value Measurements – Nonrecurring Quantitative Information      167   

92

   Fair Value Option – Changes in Fair Value      168   

93

   Fair Value Option – Fair Value and Principal Balances      169   

 


Table of Contents

THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC.

Cross-Reference Index to 2013 Form 10-K (continued)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS TABLE REFERENCE (Continued)

 

Table

  

Description

  

Page

 

94

   Additional Fair Value Information Related to Financial Instruments      170   

95

   Changes in Goodwill by Business Segment      172   

96

   Other Intangible Assets      173   

97

   Amortization Expense on Existing Intangible Assets      173   

98

   Summary of Changes in Customer-Related and Other Intangible Assets      173   

99

   Commercial Mortgage Servicing Rights      173   

100

   Residential Mortgage Servicing Rights      174   

101

   Commercial Mortgage Loan Servicing Rights – Key Valuation Assumptions      175   

102

   Residential Mortgage Loan Servicing Rights – Key Valuation Assumptions      175   

103

   Fees from Mortgage and Other Loan Servicing      175   

104

   Premises, Equipment and Leasehold Improvements      175   

105

   Depreciation and Amortization Expense      175   

106

   Lease Rental Expense      175   

107

   Bank Notes, Senior Debt and Subordinated Debt      176   

108

   Capital Securities of Subsidiary Trust      177   

109

   Perpetual Trust Securities Summary      177   

110

   Summary of Replacement Capital Covenants of Perpetual Trust Securities      178   

111

   Summary of Contractual Commitments of Perpetual Trust Securities      178   

112

   Reconciliation of Changes in Projected Benefit Obligation and Change in Plan Assets      179   

113

   Asset Strategy Allocations      180   

114

   Pension Plan Assets – Fair Value Hierarchy      182   

115

   Rollforward of Pension Plan Level 3 Assets      183   

116

   Estimated Cash Flows      183   

117

   Components of Net Periodic Benefit Cost      184   

118

   Net Periodic Costs – Assumptions      184   

119

   Other Pension Assumptions      184   

120

   Effect of One Percent Change in Assumed Health Care Cost      185   

121

   Estimated Amortization of Unamortized Actuarial Gains and Losses – 2014      185   

122

   Option Pricing Assumptions      186   

123

   Stock Option Rollforward      186   

124

   Nonvested Incentive/Performance Unit Share Awards and Restricted Stock/Share Unit Awards – Rollforward      187   

125

   Nonvested Cash-Payable Restricted Share Units – Rollforward      188   

126

   Employee Stock Purchase Plan – Summary      188   

127

   Total Gross Derivatives      189   

128

   Derivatives Designated As Hedging Instruments under GAAP      190   

129

   Gains (Losses) on Derivatives and Related Hedged Items – Fair Value Hedges      190   

130

   Gains (Losses) on Derivatives and Related Cash Flows – Cash Flow Hedges      191   

131

   Gains (Losses) on Derivatives – Net Investment Hedges      191   

 


Table of Contents

THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC.

Cross-Reference Index to 2013 Form 10-K (continued)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS TABLE REFERENCE (Continued)

 

Table

  

Description

  

Page

 

132

   Derivatives Not Designated As Hedging Instruments under GAAP      192   

133

   Gains (Losses) on Derivatives Not Designated As Hedging Instruments under GAAP      194   

134

   Credit Default Swaps      194   

135

   Credit Ratings of Credit Default Swaps      195   

136

   Referenced/Underlying Assets of Credit Default Swaps      195   

137

   Risk Participation Agreements Sold      195   

138

   Internal Credit Ratings of Risk Participation Agreements Sold      195   

139

   Derivative Assets and Liabilities Offsetting      196   

140

   Basic and Diluted Earnings per Common Share      197   

141

   Preferred Stock – Authorized, Issued and Outstanding      198   

142

   Terms of Outstanding Preferred Stock      198   

143

   Other Comprehensive Income      200   

144

   Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Components      201   

145

   Components of Income Taxes      202   

146

   Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities      202   

147

   Reconciliation of Statutory and Effective Tax Rates      202   

148

   Net Operating Loss Carryforwards and Tax Credit Carryforwards      202   

149

   Changes in Liability for Unrecognized Tax Benefits      203   

150

   Basel I Regulatory Capital      204   

151

   Net Outstanding Standby Letters of Credit      212   

152

   Analysis of Commercial Mortgage Recourse Obligations      214   

153

   Analysis of Indemnification and Repurchase Liability for Asserted Claims and Unasserted Claims      215   

154

   Reinsurance Agreements Exposure      216   

155

   Reinsurance Reserves – Rollforward      216   

156

   Resale and Repurchase Agreements Offsetting      217   

157

   Parent Company – Income Statement      218   

158

   Parent Company – Balance Sheet      218   

159

   Parent Company – Interest Paid and Income Tax Refunds (Payments)      218   

160

   Parent Company – Statement of Cash Flows      219   

161

   Results Of Businesses      221   

 


Table of Contents

PART I

Forward-Looking Statements: From time to time, The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. (PNC or the Corporation) has made and may continue to make written or oral forward-looking statements regarding our outlook for earnings, revenues, expenses, capital and liquidity levels and ratios, asset levels, asset quality, financial position and other matters regarding or affecting PNC and its future business and operations or the impact of legal, regulatory or supervisory matters on our business operations or performance. This Annual Report on Form 10-K (the Report or Form 10-K) also includes forward-looking statements. With respect to all such forward-looking statements, you should review our Risk Factors discussion in Item 1A, our Risk Management, Critical Accounting Estimates And Judgments, and Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Information sections included in Item 7, and Note 23 Legal Proceedings and Note 24 Commitments and Guarantees in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of this Report. See page 99 for a glossary of certain terms used in this Report.

 

ITEM 1 – BUSINESS

BUSINESS OVERVIEW

Headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, we are one of the largest diversified financial services companies in the United States. We have businesses engaged in retail banking, corporate and institutional banking, asset management, and residential mortgage banking, providing many of our products and services nationally, as well as other products and services in our primary geographic markets located in Pennsylvania, Ohio, New Jersey, Michigan, Illinois, Maryland, Indiana, North Carolina, Florida, Kentucky, Washington, D.C., Delaware, Alabama, Virginia, Missouri, Georgia, Wisconsin and South Carolina. We also provide certain products and services internationally. At December 31, 2013, our consolidated total assets, total deposits and total shareholders’ equity were $320.3 billion, $220.9 billion and $42.4 billion, respectively.

We were incorporated under the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1983 with the consolidation of Pittsburgh National Corporation and Provident National Corporation. Since 1983, we have diversified our geographical presence, business mix and product capabilities through internal growth, strategic bank and non-bank acquisitions and equity investments, and the formation of various non-banking subsidiaries.

2012 RBC BANK (USA) ACQUISITION

On March 2, 2012, we acquired 100% of the issued and outstanding common stock of RBC Bank (USA), the U.S. retail banking subsidiary of Royal Bank of Canada. As part of the acquisition, PNC also purchased a credit card portfolio from RBC Bank (Georgia), National Association. PNC paid $3.6 billion in cash as the consideration for the acquisition of both RBC Bank (USA) and the credit card portfolio. The transaction added approximately $18.1 billion in deposits, $14.5 billion of loans and $1.1 billion of goodwill and intangible assets to PNC’s Consolidated Balance Sheet. Our Consolidated Income Statement includes the impact of business activity associated with the RBC Bank (USA) acquisition subsequent to March 2, 2012. Note 2 Acquisition and Divestiture Activity in Item 8 of our 2012 Form 10-K includes additional details related to the RBC Bank (USA) transactions.

RBC Bank (USA), based in Raleigh, North Carolina, operated more than 400 branches in North Carolina, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Virginia and South Carolina. The primary reasons for

the acquisition of RBC Bank (USA) were to enhance shareholder value, to improve PNC’s competitive position in the financial services industry, and to further expand PNC’s existing branch network in the states where it already operated as well as expanding into new markets.

2012 SALE OF SMARTSTREET

Effective October 26, 2012, PNC divested certain deposits and assets of the Smartstreet business unit, which was acquired by PNC as part of the RBC Bank (USA) acquisition, to Union Bank, N.A. Smartstreet is a nationwide business focused on homeowner or community association managers and had approximately $1 billion of assets and deposits as of September 30, 2012. The gain on sale was immaterial and we reduced goodwill and core deposit intangibles by $46 million and $13 million, respectively.

REVIEW OF BUSINESS SEGMENTS

In addition to the following information relating to our lines of business, we incorporate the information under the captions Business Segment Highlights and Business Segments Review in Item 7 of this Report here by reference. Also, we include the financial and other information by business in Note 26 Segment Reporting in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report here by reference.

Assets, revenue and earnings attributable to foreign activities were not material in the periods presented. Business segment results for periods prior to 2013 have been reclassified to reflect current methodologies and current business and management structure and to present those periods on the same basis.

Retail Banking provides deposit, lending, brokerage, investment management and cash management services to consumer and small business customers within our primary geographic markets. Our customers are serviced through our branch network, ATMs, call centers, online banking and mobile channels. The branch network is located primarily in Pennsylvania, Ohio, New Jersey, Michigan, Illinois, Maryland, Indiana, North Carolina, Florida, Kentucky, Washington, D.C., Delaware, Alabama, Virginia, Missouri, Georgia, Wisconsin and South Carolina.

Our core strategy is to acquire and retain customers who maintain their primary checking and transaction relationships with PNC. We also seek revenue growth by deepening our

 

 

The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. – Form 10-K    1


Table of Contents

share of our customers’ financial assets, such as savings and liquidity deposits, loans and investable assets, including retirement assets. A strategic priority for PNC is to redefine the retail banking business in response to changing customer preferences. A key element of this strategy is to expand the use of lower-cost alternative distribution channels while continuing to optimize the traditional branch network. In addition, we have a disciplined process to continually improve the engagement of both our employees and customers, which is a strong indicator of customer growth, retention and relationship expansion.

Corporate & Institutional Banking provides lending, treasury management, and capital markets-related products and services to mid-sized and large corporations, government and not-for-profit entities. Lending products include secured and unsecured loans, letters of credit and equipment leases. Treasury management services include cash and investment management, receivables management, disbursement services, funds transfer services, information reporting and global trade services. Capital markets-related products and services include foreign exchange, derivatives, securities, loan syndications and mergers and acquisitions advisory and related services to middle-market companies. We also provide commercial loan servicing, and real estate advisory and technology solutions, for the commercial real estate finance industry. Products and services are generally provided within our primary geographic markets, with certain products and services offered nationally and internationally.

Corporate & Institutional Banking is focused on becoming a premier provider of financial services in each of the markets we serve. The value proposition to our customers is driven by providing a broad range of competitive and high quality products and services by a team fully committed to delivering the comprehensive resources of PNC to help each client succeed. Our primary goals are to achieve market share growth and enhanced returns by means of expansion and retention of customer relationships and prudent risk and expense management.

Asset Management Group includes personal wealth management for high net worth and ultra high net worth clients and institutional asset management. Wealth management products and services include investment and retirement planning, customized investment management, private banking, tailored credit solutions, and trust management and administration for individuals and their families. Institutional asset management provides investment management, custody administration and retirement administration services. Institutional clients include corporations, unions, municipalities, non-profits, foundations and endowments, primarily located in our geographic footprint.

Asset Management Group is focused on being one of the premier bank-held individual and institutional asset managers in each of the markets it serves. The business seeks to deliver

high quality banking advice and trust and investment management services to our high net worth, ultra high net worth and institutional client sectors through a broad array of products and services. Asset Management Group’s primary goals are to service our clients, grow the business and deliver solid financial performance with prudent risk and expense management.

Residential Mortgage Banking directly originates first lien residential mortgage loans, on a nationwide basis with a significant presence within the retail banking footprint, and originates loans through majority owned affiliates. Mortgage loans represent loans collateralized by one-to-four-family residential real estate. These loans are typically underwritten to government agency and/or third-party standards, and sold, servicing retained, to secondary mortgage conduits of Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA), Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (FHLMC), Federal Home Loan Banks and third-party investors, or are securitized and issued under the Government National Mortgage Association (GNMA) program, as described in more detail in Note 3 Loan Sale and Servicing Activities and Variable Interest Entities in Item 8 of this Report and included here by reference. The mortgage servicing operation performs all functions related to servicing mortgage loans, primarily those in first lien position, for various investors and for loans owned by PNC. Certain loan applications are brokered by majority owned affiliates to others.

Residential Mortgage Banking is focused on adding value to the PNC franchise by building stronger customer relationships, providing quality investment loans and delivering acceptable returns consistent with our desired risk appetite. A strategic priority for PNC is to build a stronger residential mortgage business offering seamless delivery to customers while improving efficiencies. Our national distribution capability provides volume that drives economies of scale, risk dispersion and cost-effective extension of the retail banking footprint for cross-selling opportunities.

BlackRock is a leader in investment management, risk management and advisory services for institutional and retail clients worldwide. BlackRock provides diversified investment management services to institutional clients, intermediary investors and individual investors through various investment vehicles. Investment management services primarily consist of the management of equity, fixed income, multi-asset class, alternative investment and cash management products. BlackRock offers its investment products in a variety of vehicles, including open-end and closed-end mutual funds, iShares® exchange-traded funds (ETFs), collective investment trusts and separate accounts. In addition, BlackRock provides market risk management, financial markets advisory and enterprise investment system services to a broad base of clients. Financial markets advisory services include valuation services relating to illiquid securities, dispositions and workout assignments (including long-term portfolio liquidation assignments), risk management and strategic planning and execution.

 

 

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We hold an equity investment in BlackRock, which is a key component of our diversified revenue strategy. BlackRock is a publicly traded company, and additional information regarding its business is available in its filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

Non-Strategic Assets Portfolio includes a consumer portfolio of mainly residential mortgage and brokered home equity loans and lines of credit, and a small commercial loan and lease portfolio. We obtained a significant portion of these non-strategic assets through acquisitions of other companies.

SUBSIDIARIES

Our corporate legal structure at December 31, 2013 consisted of one domestic subsidiary bank, including its subsidiaries, and approximately 130 active non-bank subsidiaries. Our bank subsidiary is PNC Bank, National Association (PNC Bank, N.A.), headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. For additional information on our subsidiaries, see Exhibit 21 to this Report.

STATISTICAL DISCLOSURE BY BANK HOLDING COMPANIES

The following statistical information is included on the indicated pages of this Report and is incorporated herein by reference:

 

     Form 10-K page

Average Consolidated Balance Sheet And Net Interest Analysis

  223-224

Analysis Of Year-To-Year Changes In Net Interest Income

  225

Book Values Of Securities

  43-44

and 149-154

Maturities And Weighted-Average Yield Of Securities

  153-154

Loan Types

  38-42, 130-131
and 226

Selected Loan Maturities And Interest Sensitivity

  229

Nonaccrual, Past Due And Restructured Loans And Other Nonperforming Assets

  73-82, 117-120,
131-144 and 227

Potential Problem Loans And Loans Held For Sale

  44 and 74-84

Summary Of Loan Loss Experience

  82-84,
131-148 and 228

Assignment Of Allowance For Loan And Lease Losses

  82-84 and 228

Average Amount And Average Rate Paid On Deposits

  223-224

Time Deposits Of $100,000 Or More

  176 and 229

Selected Consolidated Financial Data

  28-29

Short-term borrowings – not included as average balances during 2013, 2012, and 2011 were less than 30% of total shareholders’ equity at the end of each period.

   

EUROPEAN EXPOSURE

For information regarding our exposure to European entities at December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, see the European Exposure section included in Item 7 of this Report.

SUPERVISION AND REGULATION

PNC is a bank holding company registered under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 as amended (BHC Act) and a financial holding company under the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act.

We are subject to numerous governmental regulations, some of which are highlighted below. See Note 22 Regulatory Matters in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report for additional information regarding our regulatory matters. Applicable laws and regulations restrict our permissible activities and investments, impose conditions and requirements on the products and services we offer and the manner in which they are offered and sold, and require compliance with protections for loan, deposit, brokerage, fiduciary, investment management and other customers, among other things. They also restrict our ability to repurchase stock or pay dividends, or to receive dividends from our bank subsidiary, and impose capital adequacy requirements. The consequences of noncompliance can include substantial monetary and nonmonetary sanctions.

In addition, we are subject to comprehensive supervision and periodic examination by, among other regulatory bodies, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve) and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC). These examinations consider not only compliance with applicable laws, regulations and supervisory policies of the agency, but also capital levels, asset quality and risk, management ability and performance, earnings, liquidity and various other factors. The results of examination activity by any of our federal bank regulators potentially can result in the imposition of significant limitations on our activities and growth. These regulatory agencies generally have broad discretion to impose restrictions and limitations on the operations of a regulated entity and take enforcement action against a regulated entity where the relevant agency determines, among other things, that such operations fail to comply with applicable law or regulations or are conducted in an unsafe or unsound manner. This supervisory framework, including the examination reports and supervisory ratings (which are not publicly available) of the agencies, could materially impact the conduct, growth and profitability of our operations.

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) is responsible for examining PNC Bank, N.A. and its affiliates (including PNC) for compliance with most federal consumer financial protection laws, including the laws relating to fair lending and prohibiting unfair, deceptive or abusive acts or practices in connection with the offer, sale or provision of consumer financial products or services, and for enforcing such laws with respect to PNC Bank, N.A. and its affiliates.

 

 

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The results of the CFPB’s examinations, which are not publicly available, also can result in restrictions or limitations on the operations of a regulated entity as well as enforcement actions against a regulated entity, including the imposition of monetary penalties.

We also are subject to regulation by the SEC by virtue of our status as a public company and by the SEC and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) due to the nature of some of our businesses. Our banking and securities businesses with operations outside the United States, including those conducted by BlackRock, are also subject to regulation by appropriate authorities in the foreign jurisdictions in which they do business.

As a regulated financial services firm, our relationships and good standing with regulators are of fundamental importance to the operation and growth of our businesses. The Federal Reserve, OCC, CFPB, SEC, CFTC and other domestic and foreign regulators have broad enforcement powers, and certain of the regulators have the power to approve, deny, or refuse to act upon our applications or notices to conduct new activities, acquire or divest businesses, assets or deposits, or reconfigure existing operations.

We anticipate new legislative and regulatory initiatives over the next several years, focused specifically on banking and other financial services in which we are engaged. Legislative and regulatory developments to date, as well as those that come in the future, have had and are likely to continue to have an impact on the conduct of our business. The more detailed description of the significant regulations to which we are subject included in this Report is based on the current regulatory environment and is subject to potentially material change. See also the additional information included in Item 1A of this Report under the risk factors discussing the impact of financial regulatory reform initiatives, including Dodd-Frank and regulations promulgated to implement it, on the regulatory environment for PNC and the financial services industry.

Among other areas that have been receiving a high level of regulatory focus over the last several years are compliance with the Bank Secrecy Act and anti-money laundering laws, the oversight of arrangements with third-party vendors and suppliers, and the protection of confidential customer information. In addition, there is an increased focus on fair lending and other consumer protection issues.

Additional legislation, changes in rules promulgated by federal financial regulators, other federal and state regulatory authorities and self-regulatory organizations, or changes in the interpretation or enforcement of existing laws and rules, may directly affect the method of operation and profitability of our businesses. The profitability of our businesses could also be affected by rules and regulations that impact the business and

financial communities in general, including changes to the laws governing taxation, antitrust regulation and electronic commerce.

There are numerous rules governing the regulation of financial services institutions and their holding companies. Accordingly, the following discussion is general in nature and does not purport to be complete or to describe all of the laws, regulations and supervisory policies that apply to us. To a substantial extent, the purpose of the regulation and supervision of financial services institutions and their holding companies is not to protect our shareholders and our non-customer creditors, but rather to protect our customers (including depositors) and the financial markets in general.

Dodd-Frank Act. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank), which was signed into law on July 21, 2010, comprehensively reforms the regulation of financial institutions, products and services. Dodd-Frank requires various federal regulatory agencies to implement numerous new rules and regulations. Because federal agencies are granted broad discretion in drafting these rules and regulations, and many implementing rules have not yet been issued, have only been issued in proposed form, or have only recently been finalized, many of the details and much of the impact of Dodd-Frank may not be known for months or years. Among other things, Dodd-Frank established the CFPB; provides for new capital standards that eliminate the treatment of trust preferred securities as Tier 1 regulatory capital; requires that deposit insurance assessments be calculated based on an insured depository institution’s assets rather than its insured deposits; raises the minimum Designated Reserve Ratio (the balance in the Deposit Insurance Fund divided by estimated insured deposits) to 1.35%; establishes a comprehensive regulatory regime for the derivatives activities of financial institutions; prohibits banking entities from engaging in certain types of proprietary trading, as well as having investments in, sponsoring, and maintaining certain types of relationships with hedge funds and private equity funds (through provisions commonly referred to as the “Volcker Rule”); places limitations on the interchange fees charged for debit card transactions; and establishes new minimum mortgage underwriting standards for residential mortgages.

Dodd-Frank also established the 10-member inter-agency Financial Stability Oversight Council (FSOC), which is charged with identifying systemic risks and strengthening the regulation of financial holding companies and certain non-bank companies deemed to be “systemically important.” In extraordinary cases, the FSOC, in conjunction with the Federal Reserve, could order the break-up of financial firms that are deemed to present a grave threat to the financial stability of the United States. Dodd-Frank requires the Federal Reserve to establish enhanced prudential standards for bank holding companies with total consolidated assets of $50 billion or more, such as PNC, as well as systemically

 

 

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important non-bank financial companies designated by the FSOC for Federal Reserve supervision. For bank holding companies, these enhanced standards must be more stringent than the standards and requirements applicable to bank holding companies with less than $50 billion in assets, and must increase in stringency for bank holding companies that present heightened risk to the financial system. The FSOC may make recommendations to the Federal Reserve concerning the establishment and refinement of these enhanced prudential standards. In February 2014, the Federal Reserve issued final rules that establish the new enhanced prudential standards related to liquidity risk management and overall risk management. These new rules, which become effective for PNC as of January 1, 2015, among other things, require that covered bank holding companies conduct liquidity stress tests at least monthly, maintain a contingency funding plan and sufficient highly liquid assets to meet net stress cash-flow needs (as determined under the company’s liquidity stress tests) for 30 days, and establish certain oversight, governance and reporting responsibilities for the chief risk officer and risk committee of the Board of Directors of a covered company. In addition, the new rules implement the provisions of Dodd-Frank that require the Federal Reserve to impose a maximum 15-to-1 debt to equity ratio on a bank holding company if the FSOC determines that the company poses a grave threat to the financial stability of the United States and that the imposition of such a debt-to-equity requirement would mitigate such risk. The rules issued in February 2014 did not finalize the other enhanced prudential standards that the Federal Reserve proposed in December 2011 for bank holding companies with $50 billion or more in assets, including counterparty credit exposure limits and early remediation requirements, although the Federal Reserve has indicated that these matters remain under development. See the Recent Market and Industry Developments portion of Item 7 MD&A and Item 1A Risk Factors for additional information.

BANKING REGULATION AND SUPERVISION

Regulatory Capital Requirements, Stress Testing and Capital Planning. PNC and PNC Bank, N.A. are subject to the regulatory capital requirements established by the Federal Reserve and the OCC, respectively. These requirements are currently the subject of significant changes as a result of the rules adopted by the U.S. banking agencies in July 2013 to implement the new international guidelines for determining regulatory capital established by the Basel Committee on Bank Supervision (Basel Committee) known as “Basel III,” as well as to implement certain provisions of Dodd-Frank. The rules adopted in July 2013 generally have three fundamental parts.

The first part, referred to as the Basel III capital rule, among other things, narrows the definition of regulatory capital, requires banking organizations with $15 billion or more in assets (including PNC) to phase-out trust preferred securities from Tier 1 regulatory capital, establishes a new Tier 1

common capital requirement for banking organizations, and revises the capital levels at which PNC and the PNC Bank, N.A. would be subject to prompt corrective action. These rules also require that significant common stock investments in unconsolidated financial institutions (as defined in the rule), as well as mortgage servicing rights and deferred tax assets, be deducted from Tier 1 common regulatory capital to the extent such items individually exceed 10%, or in the aggregate exceed 15%, of the organization’s adjusted Tier 1 common capital. The Basel III capital rule also significantly limits the extent to which minority interests in consolidated subsidiaries (including minority interests in the form of REIT preferred securities) may be included in regulatory capital. In addition, for banking organizations, like PNC, that are subject to the advanced approaches (described below), the rule includes other comprehensive income related to both available for sale securities and pension and other post-retirement plans as a component of Tier 1 common capital. The Basel III capital rule became effective on January 1, 2014, for PNC and PNC Bank, N.A., although many provisions are phased-in over a period of years, with the rules generally fully phased-in as of January 1, 2019.

The second part of the rules adopted in July 2013 is referred to as the advanced approaches and materially revises the framework for the risk-weighting of assets under Basel II. The Basel II framework, which was adopted by the Basel Committee in 2004, seeks to provide more risk-sensitive regulatory capital calculations and promote enhanced risk management practices among large, internationally active banking organizations. The advanced approaches modifications adopted by the U.S. banking agencies became effective on January 1, 2014, and generally apply to banking organizations that have $250 billion or more in total consolidated assets or that have $10 billion or more in on-balance sheet foreign exposure. Prior to fully implementing the advanced approaches to calculate risk-weighted assets, PNC and PNC Bank, N.A. must successfully complete a “parallel run” qualification phase. PNC and PNC Bank, N.A. entered this parallel run qualification phase on January 1, 2013. This phase must last at least four consecutive quarters, although, consistent with the experience of other U.S. banks, we currently anticipate a multi-year parallel run period.

The third major part of the rules adopted in July 2013 is referred to as the standardized approach and materially revises the framework for the risk-weighting of assets under Basel I. The standardized approach, for example, establishes a new framework for the risk-weighting of securitization and non-U.S. sovereign exposures, and increases the risk-weights on certain types of assets including high-volatility commercial real estate and past due corporate and retail exposures. The standardized approach will become effective on January 1, 2015.

The risk-based capital and leverage rules that the federal banking regulators have adopted require the capital-to-assets ratios of banking organizations, including PNC and PNC

 

 

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Bank, N.A., to meet certain minimum standards. The Basel III rule generally divides capital into three components: Tier 1 common capital, additional Tier 1 capital (which, together, with Tier 1 common capital comprises Tier 1 capital) and Tier 2 capital. Tier 1 common is generally common stock, retained earnings, qualifying minority interest and, for advanced approaches banking organizations, accumulated other comprehensive income, less the deductions required to be made from Tier 1 common equity. Additional Tier 1 generally includes, among other things, perpetual preferred stock and qualifying minority interests, less the deductions required to be made from additional Tier 1. Tier 2 capital generally comprises qualifying subordinated debt. Total capital is the sum of Tier 1 and Tier 2 capital, less the deductions required from total capital. For additional information regarding the differences between Basel III and Basel I Tier 1 common capital, see the Funding and Capital Sources section of the Consolidated Balance Sheet Review section of Item 7 of this Report.

Under the capital rules, a banking organization’s risk-based capital ratios are calculated by allocating assets and specified off-balance sheet financial instruments into risk-weighted categories (with higher levels of capital being required for the categories perceived as representing greater risk), which are used to determine the amount of a banking organization’s total risk-weighted assets (RWAs). Under the Basel I framework and the standardized approach, the nominal dollar amounts of assets and credit equivalent amounts of off-balance sheet items are multiplied by one of several risk adjustment percentages that are set forth in the rules that increase as the perceived credit risk of the relevant asset increases.

The Basel I regulatory capital ratios of PNC and PNC Bank, N.A. as of December 31, 2013 exceeded the applicable minimum levels in effect for 2013. For additional information regarding the Basel I capital ratios of PNC and PNC Bank, N.A. as of December 31, 2013, as well as the levels necessary to exceed the regulatory minimums or be considered “well capitalized”, see the Funding and Capital Sources portion of the Consolidated Balance Sheet Review section of Item 7 of this Report. When fully phased-in on January 1, 2019, the Basel III capital rule will require that banking organizations maintain a minimum Tier 1 common ratio of 4.5%, a Tier 1 capital ratio of 6.0%, and a total capital ratio of 8.0%. Moreover, when fully phased-in, the rule will require banking organizations to maintain a Tier 1 common ratio of at least 7.0%, a Tier 1 capital ratio of at least 8.5%, and a total capital ratio of at least 10.5% to avoid limitations on capital distributions (including common stock dividends and share repurchases) and certain discretionary incentive compensation payments. For banking organizations that are subject to the advanced approaches, these higher capital conservation buffer levels above the regulatory minimums could be supplemented by a countercyclical capital buffer of up to an additional 2.5% during periods of excessive credit growth, although this buffer is initially set at zero in the United States.

The regulatory capital framework adopted by the federal banking regulators also requires that banking organizations maintain a minimum amount of Tier 1 capital to average consolidated assets, referred to as the leverage ratio. Under both Basel I and Basel III, banking organizations generally are required to maintain a minimum leverage ratio of Tier 1 capital to total assets of 4.0%. The Basel I rules in effect during 2013, however, also permitted a banking organization to meet its minimum leverage requirement if it had a leverage ratio of 3% and was rated Composite 1 in its most recent report of examination, subject to appropriate federal banking guidelines. As of December 31, 2013, the leverage ratios of PNC and PNC Bank, N.A. were above the required minimum level. Under the Basel III capital rule, banking organizations subject to the advanced approaches (such as PNC and PNC Bank, N.A.) also will be subject to a new minimum 3.0% supplementary leverage ratio that becomes effective on January 1, 2018, with public reporting of the ratio beginning in 2015. Unlike the existing leverage ratio, the denominator of the supplementary leverage ratio takes into account certain off-balance sheet items, including loan commitments and potential future exposure under derivative contracts. The Basel Committee in January 2014 issued revisions to the supplementary leverage requirements of the Basel III framework, although it is not clear at this time to what extent these revisions will be incorporated by the U.S. banking agencies into the U.S. capital rules. In August 2013, the U.S. banking agencies requested comment on a proposed rule that would raise the supplemental leverage ratio for U.S. bank holding companies that have $700 billion or more in total consolidated assets or $10 trillion or more in assets under custody and for the insured depository institution subsidiaries of these bank holding companies. Based on the asset and custody thresholds included in the proposed rule, PNC and PNC Bank, N.A. would not be subject to this higher proposed supplemental leverage ratio.

As a result of the staggered effective dates of the final U.S. capital rules issued in July 2013, as well as the fact that PNC remains in the parallel run qualification phase for the advanced approaches, PNC’s regulatory risk-based capital ratios in 2014 will be based on the definitions of, and deductions from, capital under the Basel III capital rule (as such definitions and deductions are phased-in for 2014) and its Basel I risk-weighted assets (but subject to certain adjustments set forth in the rules). After January 1, 2015, and until PNC has exited parallel run, PNC’s regulatory risk-based Basel III ratios will be calculated using the standardized approach for risk-weights. Once PNC exits parallel run, its regulatory Basel III risk-based capital ratios will be the lower of the ratios calculated under the standardized approach or the advanced approaches.

Failure to meet applicable capital guidelines could subject a banking organization to a variety of enforcement remedies available to the federal bank regulatory agencies, including a limitation on the ability to pay dividends, the issuance of a capital directive to increase capital and, in severe cases, the

 

 

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termination of deposit insurance by the FDIC, and the appointment of a conservator or receiver. In some cases, the extent of these powers depends upon whether the institution in question is considered “well capitalized,” “adequately capitalized,” “undercapitalized,” “significantly undercapitalized” or “critically undercapitalized.” Generally, the smaller an institution’s capital base in relation to its risk-weighted or total assets, the greater the scope and severity of the agencies’ powers, ultimately permitting the agencies to appoint a receiver for the institution. Business activities may also be influenced by an institution’s capital classification. For instance, only a “well capitalized” insured depository institution may accept brokered deposits without prior regulatory approval and an “adequately capitalized” insured depository institution may accept brokered deposits only with prior regulatory approval. In addition, in order to remain a financial holding company and engage in the broader range of financial activities authorized for such a company, PNC and PNC Bank, N.A. must remain “well capitalized”. At December 31, 2013, PNC and PNC Bank, N.A. exceeded the required ratios for classification as “well capitalized.” For additional discussion of capital adequacy requirements, we refer you to the Funding and Capital Sources portion of the Consolidated Balance Sheet Review section of Item 7 of this Report and to Note 22 Regulatory Matters in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report.

In addition to these regulatory capital requirements, PNC is subject to the Federal Reserve’s capital plan rule, annual capital stress testing requirements and Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review (CCAR) process, as well as the annual and mid-year Dodd-Frank capital stress testing (DFAST) requirements of the Federal Reserve and the OCC. As part of the CCAR process, the Federal Reserve undertakes a supervisory assessment of the capital adequacy of bank holding companies (BHCs), including PNC, that have $50 billion or more in total consolidated assets. This capital adequacy assessment is based on a review of a comprehensive capital plan submitted by each participating BHC to the Federal Reserve that describes the company’s planned capital actions during the nine quarter review period, as well as the results of stress tests conducted by both the company and the Federal Reserve under different hypothetical macro-economic scenarios, including a supervisory adverse and a severely adverse scenario provided by the Federal Reserve. In evaluating a BHC’s capital plan, the Federal Reserve considers a number of factors, including the company’s risk profile, the strength of the company’s internal capital assessment process, and whether under different hypothetical macro-economic scenarios, including the supervisory severely stressed scenario, the company would be able to maintain throughout each quarter of the nine quarter planning horizon, even if it maintained its base case planned capital actions, (i) a projected pro forma Basel I Tier 1 common capital ratio above 5 percent, and (ii) regulatory risk-based and leverage capital ratios that exceed the minimums that are, or would then be, in effect for the company, taking into account the capital rules

adopted in July 2013 and any applicable phase-in periods. In addition, the Federal Reserve evaluates a company’s projected path towards compliance with the Basel III regulatory capital framework on a fully implemented basis. After completing its review, the Federal Reserve may object or not object to the firm’s proposed capital actions, such as plans to pay or increase common stock dividends, reinstate or increase common stock repurchase programs, or redeem preferred stock or other regulatory capital instruments. In connection with the 2014 CCAR, PNC filed its capital plan and stress testing results using financial data as of September 30, 2013 with the Federal Reserve on January 6, 2014. PNC expects to receive the Federal Reserve’s response (either a non-objection or objection) to the capital plan submitted as part of the 2014 CCAR in March 2014.

As part of the CCAR and DFAST process, both the Federal Reserve and PNC release certain revenue, loss and capital results from their stress testing exercises, generally in March of each year. For the 2014 exercises, the Federal Reserve has announced that it intends to publish its supervisory revenue, loss and capital projections for participating bank holding companies under the supervisory adverse and severely adverse macro-economic scenarios using the common assumptions concerning capital distributions established by the Federal Reserve in its DFAST regulations (DFAST capital action assumptions), as well as capital ratio information using the firm’s proposed base case capital actions. PNC also is required to publicly disclose its own estimates of certain capital, revenue and loss information under the same hypothetical supervisory severely adverse macro-economic scenario and applying the DFAST capital action assumptions. Federal Reserve regulations also require that PNC and other large bank holding companies conduct a separate mid-year stress test using financial data as of March 31st and three company-derived macro-economic scenarios (base, adverse and severely adverse) and publish a summary of the results under the severely adverse scenario in September.

Basel III Liquidity Requirements. The Basel III framework adopted by the Basel Committee also includes new short-term liquidity standards (the “Liquidity Coverage Ratio” or “LCR”) and long-term funding standards (the “Net Stable Funding Ratio” or “NSFR”).

In October 2013, the U.S. banking agencies requested comment on proposed rules that would implement the LCR. The proposed rules are designed to ensure that covered banking organizations maintain an adequate level of cash and high quality, unencumbered liquid assets (HQLA) to meet estimated net liquidity needs in a short-term stress scenario using liquidity inflow, outflow and maturity assumptions provided in the rules (net cash outflow). An institution’s LCR is the amount of its HQLA, as defined and calculated in accordance with the haircuts and limitations in the rule, divided by its net cash outflow, with the quotient expressed as a ratio. Under the proposed rules, banking organizations, including PNC and PNC Bank, N.A., that are subject to the

 

 

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advanced approaches for regulatory capital purposes would, following a phase-in period that is proposed to begin January 1, 2015, have to maintain an LCR equal to at least 1.0 based on the entity’s highest daily projected level of net cash outflows over the next 30 calendar days. Under the phase-in provisions of the proposed rules, banking organizations would have to maintain HQLA equal to 80% of their LCR requirement beginning in 2015 and 90% in 2016, with the LCR requirement becoming fully implemented in 2017. The comment period on the proposed rules closed on January 31, 2014. Although the impact on PNC will not be fully known until the rules are final, PNC has taken several actions to prepare for implementation of the LCR and we expect to be in compliance with the LCR requirements when they become effective.

The NSFR is designed to promote a stable maturity structure of assets and liabilities of banking organizations over a one-year time horizon. The Basel Committee, in January 2014, requested comment on a revised NSFR framework, with comments due by April 11, 2014. Under the revised framework, the NSFR would take effect by January 1, 2018, although the U.S. banking agencies have not yet proposed rules to implement the NSFR.

Parent Company Liquidity and Dividends. The principal source of our liquidity at the parent company level is dividends from PNC Bank, N.A. PNC Bank, N.A. is subject to various federal restrictions on its ability to pay dividends to PNC Bancorp, Inc., its direct parent, which is a wholly-owned direct subsidiary of PNC. PNC Bank, N.A. is also subject to federal laws limiting extensions of credit to its parent holding company and non-bank affiliates as discussed in Note 22 Regulatory Matters in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report. Further information on bank level liquidity and parent company liquidity and on certain contractual restrictions is also available in the Liquidity Risk Management portion of the Risk Management section and the Trust Preferred Securities and REIT Preferred Securities portion of the Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements And Variable Interest Entities section of Item 7 of this Report, and in Note 14 Capital Securities of Subsidiary Trusts and Perpetual Trust Securities in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report.

Federal Reserve rules provide that a bank holding company is expected to serve as a source of financial strength to its subsidiary banks and to commit resources to support such banks if necessary. Consistent with the “source of strength” policy for subsidiary banks, the Federal Reserve has stated that, as a matter of prudent banking, a bank holding company generally should not maintain a rate of cash dividends unless its net income available to common shareholders has been sufficient to fully fund the dividends and the prospective rate of earnings retention appears to be consistent with the corporation’s capital needs, asset quality and overall financial

condition. Further, in providing guidance to the large BHCs participating in the 2014 CCAR, discussed above, the Federal Reserve stated that it expects capital plans submitted in 2014 will reflect conservative dividend payout ratios and net share repurchase programs, and that requests that imply common dividend payout ratios above 30% of projected after-tax net income available to common shareholders will receive particularly close scrutiny. The Federal Reserve also has stated that it expects BHCs that meet the minimum capital ratio requirements under the Basel III capital rule during the transition periods provided by the rule, but that do not meet the fully-phased in Basel III minimum plus capital conservation buffer ratio levels (plus any applicable capital surcharge for globally systemically important banks), to maintain prudent earnings retention policies with a view to meeting these levels in accordance with the phase-in schedule included in the Basel III capital rule.

Additional Powers Under the GLB Act. The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLB Act) permits a qualifying bank holding company to become a “financial holding company” and thereby engage in, or affiliate with financial companies engaging in, a broader range of activities than would otherwise be permitted for a bank holding company. Permitted affiliates include securities underwriters and dealers, insurance companies and companies engaged in other activities that are determined by the Federal Reserve, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, to be “financial in nature or incidental thereto” or are determined by the Federal Reserve unilaterally to be “complementary” to financial activities. We became a financial holding company as of March 13, 2000. In order to be and remain a financial holding company, a bank holding company and its subsidiary depository institutions must be “well capitalized” and “well managed.” In addition, a financial holding company generally may not engage in a new financial activity, or acquire a company engaged in a new activity, if any of its insured depository institutions received a less than Satisfactory rating at its most recent evaluation under the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA). Among other activities, we currently rely on our status as a financial holding company to conduct merchant banking activities and securities underwriting and dealing activities. As subsidiaries of a financial holding company under the GLB Act, our non-bank subsidiaries are generally allowed to conduct new financial activities, and PNC is generally permitted to acquire non-bank financial companies that have less than $10 billion in assets, with after-the-fact notice to the Federal Reserve.

The Federal Reserve is the “umbrella” regulator of a financial holding company, with its operating entities, such as its subsidiary broker-dealers, investment advisers, insurance companies and banks, as well as investment companies advised by investment adviser subsidiaries of the financial holding company, also being subject to the jurisdiction of various federal and state “functional” regulators with normal regulatory responsibility for companies in their lines of business.

 

 

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In addition, the GLB Act permits qualifying national banks to engage in expanded activities through the formation of a “financial subsidiary.” PNC Bank, N.A. has filed a financial subsidiary certification with the OCC and currently engages in insurance agency activities through financial subsidiaries. PNC Bank, N.A. may also generally engage through a financial subsidiary in any activity that is determined to be financial in nature or incidental to a financial activity by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Federal Reserve. Certain activities, however, are impermissible for a financial subsidiary of a national bank, including certain insurance underwriting activities, insurance company investment activities, real estate investment or development, and merchant banking. In order to have a financial subsidiary, a national bank and each of its depository institution affiliates must be and remain “well capitalized” and “well managed.” In addition, a financial subsidiary generally may not engage in a new financial activity, or acquire a company engaged in a new financial activity, if the national bank and any of its insured depository institution affiliates received a less than Satisfactory rating at its most recent evaluation under the CRA.

Volcker Rule. In December 2013, the U.S. banking agencies, SEC and CFTC issued final rules to implement the “Volcker Rule” provisions of Dodd-Frank. The rules prohibit banks and their affiliates (collectively, banking entities) from trading as principal in securities, derivatives and certain other financial instruments, but also includes several important exclusions and exemptions from this prohibition. These exclusions and exemptions, for example, permit banking entities, subject to a variety of conditions and restrictions, to trade for market making, risk mitigating hedging, liquidity management, and securities underwriting purposes, and to trade in U.S. government and municipal securities. The rules also prohibit banking entities from investing in, sponsoring, and having certain financial relationships with private funds (such as, for example, private equity or hedge funds that would be an investment company for purposes of the Investment Company Act of 1940 but for the exemptions in sections 3(c)(1) or 3(c)(7) of that act) that are covered by the final rules (covered funds). Again there are exemptions from these restrictions which themselves are subject to a variety of conditions. Moreover, the rules prohibit banking entities from engaging in permitted trading or covered fund activities if the activity would involve or result in a material conflict of interest between the banking entity and its clients, customers, or counterparties, result in a material exposure by the banking entity to a high-risk asset or a high-risk trading strategy, or pose a threat to the safety and soundness of the banking entity or to the financial stability of the United States. Banking entities, like PNC, that have $50 billion or more in total assets are required to establish and maintain an extensive and detailed enhanced compliance program designed to ensure that the entity complies with the requirements of the final rule.

The Federal Reserve issued an order in December 2013 that provides banking entities until July 21, 2015 to bring their activities and investments into conformance with the requirements of the Volcker Rule. The Federal Reserve, upon request, may extend this conformance period, either generally or with respect to particular activities or investments, for up to two additional one-year periods, and may extend the period up to an additional 5 years for investments held as of May 1, 2010 in qualifying illiquid funds. Based on the level of PNC’s trading assets and liabilities, PNC is not subject to the metrics reporting requirements of the final rules. For additional information concerning the potential impact of the Volcker Rule on PNC’s operations, please refer to Item 1A Risk Factors of this Report.

Other Federal Reserve and OCC Regulation and Supervision. The federal banking agencies possess broad powers to take corrective action as deemed appropriate for an insured depository institution and its holding company.

Laws and regulations limit the scope of our permitted activities and investments. National banks (such as PNC Bank, N.A.) and their operating subsidiaries generally may engage only in any activities that are determined by the OCC to be part of or incidental to the business of banking, although a financial subsidiary may engage in a broader range of activities as described above.

Moreover, examination ratings of “3” or lower, lower capital ratios than peer group institutions, regulatory concerns regarding management, controls, assets, operations or other factors, can all potentially result in practical limitations on the ability of a bank or bank holding company to engage in new activities, grow, acquire new businesses, repurchase its stock or pay dividends, or to continue to conduct existing activities. The OCC, moreover, has been applying certain heightened risk management and governance expectations in its supervision of PNC Bank, N.A. and other large national banks and recently proposed incorporating these expectations into the agency’s safety and soundness guidelines established under section 39 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (FDI Act) (12 U.S.C. 1831p-1). If the OCC determines that a national bank is not in compliance with these or other guidelines established under section 39 of the FDI Act, the OCC may require the bank to submit a corrective action plan and may initiate enforcement action against the bank if an acceptable plan is not submitted or the bank fails to comply with an approved plan.

The Federal Reserve’s prior approval is required whenever we propose to acquire all or substantially all of the assets of any bank or thrift, to acquire direct or indirect ownership or control of more than 5% of any class of voting securities of any bank or thrift, or to merge or consolidate with any other bank holding company or thrift holding company. The BHC Act enumerates the factors the Federal Reserve must consider when reviewing the merger of bank holding companies, the

 

 

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acquisition of banks, or the acquisition of voting securities of a bank or bank holding company. These factors include the competitive effects of the proposal in the relevant geographic markets; the financial and managerial resources and future prospects of the companies and banks involved in the transaction; the effect of the transaction on financial stability of the United States; the organizations’ compliance with anti-money laundering laws and regulations; the convenience and needs of the communities to be served; and the records of performance under the CRA of the insured depository institutions involved in the transaction. In cases involving interstate bank acquisitions, the Federal Reserve also must consider the concentration of deposits nationwide and in certain individual states. OCC prior approval is required for PNC Bank, N.A. to acquire another insured bank or thrift by merger. In deciding whether to approve such a transaction, the OCC is required to consider factors similar to those that must be considered by the Federal Reserve. Our ability to grow through acquisitions could be limited by these approval requirements.

At December 31, 2013, PNC Bank, N.A. was rated “Outstanding” with respect to CRA.

Because of PNC’s ownership interest in BlackRock, BlackRock is subject to the supervision and regulation of the Federal Reserve.

FDIC Insurance. PNC Bank, N.A. is insured by the FDIC and subject to premium assessments. Regulatory matters could increase the cost of FDIC deposit insurance premiums to an insured bank as FDIC deposit insurance premiums are “risk based.” Therefore, higher fee percentages would be charged to banks that have lower capital ratios or higher risk profiles. These risk profiles take into account, among other things, weaknesses that are found by the primary banking regulator through its examination and supervision of the bank and the bank’s holdings of assets classified as higher risk by the FDIC. A negative evaluation by the FDIC or a bank’s primary federal banking regulator could increase the costs to a bank and result in an aggregate cost of deposit funds higher than that of competing banks in a lower risk category. The methodology for the deposit insurance base calculation currently uses average assets less Tier 1 capital.

Resolution Planning. Dodd-Frank requires bank holding companies that have $50 billion or more in assets, such as PNC, to periodically submit to the Federal Reserve and the FDIC a resolution plan that includes, among other things, an analysis of how the company could be resolved in a rapid and orderly fashion if the company were to fail or experience material financial distress. The Federal Reserve and the FDIC may jointly impose restrictions on a covered bank holding company, including additional capital requirements or limitations on growth, if the agencies jointly determine that the company’s plan is not credible or would not facilitate a rapid and orderly resolution of the company under the U.S.

Bankruptcy Code (or other applicable resolution framework), and additionally could require the company to divest assets or take other actions if the company did not submit an acceptable resolution plan within two years after any such restrictions were imposed. The FDIC also has adopted a rule that requires large insured depository institutions, including PNC Bank, N.A., to periodically submit a resolution plan to the FDIC that includes, among other things, an analysis of how the institution could be resolved under the FDI Act in a manner that protects depositors and limits losses or costs to creditors of the bank in accordance with the FDI Act. Depending on how the agencies conduct their review of the resolution plans submitted by PNC and PNC Bank, N.A., these requirements could affect the ways in which PNC structures and conducts its business and result in higher compliance and operating costs. PNC and PNC Bank, N.A. submitted their first resolution plans under these rules in December 2013.

CFPB Regulation and Supervision. As noted above, Dodd-Frank gives the CFPB authority to examine PNC and PNC Bank, N.A. for compliance with a broad range of federal consumer financial laws and regulations, including the laws and regulations that relate to credit card, deposit, mortgage and other consumer financial products and services we offer. In addition, Dodd-Frank gives the CFPB broad authority to take corrective action against PNC Bank, N.A. and PNC as it deems appropriate. The CFPB also has powers that it was assigned in Dodd-Frank to issue regulations and take enforcement actions to prevent and remedy acts and practices relating to consumer financial products and services that it deems to be unfair, deceptive or abusive. The agency also has authority to impose new disclosure requirements for any consumer financial product or service. These authorities are in addition to the authority the CFPB assumed on July 21, 2011 under existing consumer financial law governing the provision of consumer financial products and services. The CFPB has concentrated much of its initial rulemaking efforts on a variety of mortgage related topics required under Dodd-Frank, including ability-to-repay and qualified mortgage standards, mortgage servicing standards, loan originator compensation standards, high-cost mortgage requirements, appraisal and escrow standards and requirements for higher-priced mortgages.

In January 2014, new rules issued by the CFPB for mortgage origination and mortgage servicing became effective. The rules require lenders to conduct a reasonable and good faith determination at or before consummation of a residential mortgage loan that the borrower will have a reasonable ability to repay the loan. The regulations also define criteria for making Qualified Mortgages which entitle the lender and any assignee to either a conclusive or rebuttable presumption of compliance with the ability to repay rule. The new mortgage servicing rules include new standards for notices to consumers, loss mitigation procedures, and consumer requests for information. Both the origination and servicing rules create new private rights of action for consumers in the event of certain violations. In addition to the exercise of its rulemaking

 

 

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authority, the CFPB is continuing its ongoing examination and supervisory activities with respect to a number of consumer businesses and products.

SECURITIES AND DERIVATIVES REGULATION

Our registered broker-dealer and investment adviser subsidiaries are subject to rules and regulations promulgated by the SEC.

Several of our subsidiaries are registered with the SEC as investment advisers and may provide investment advisory services to clients, other PNC affiliates or related entities, including registered investment companies. Certain of these advisers are registered as investment advisers to private equity funds under rules adopted under Dodd-Frank.

Broker-dealer subsidiaries are subject to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the regulations promulgated thereunder. The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) is the primary self-regulatory organization (SRO) for our registered broker-dealer subsidiaries. Investment adviser subsidiaries are subject to the requirements of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended, and the regulations thereunder. An investment adviser to a registered investment company is also subject to the requirements of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, and the regulations thereunder. Our broker-dealer and investment adviser subsidiaries also are subject to additional regulation by states or local jurisdictions.

Over the past several years, the SEC and other regulatory agencies have increased their focus on the mutual fund and broker-dealer industries. Congress and the SEC have adopted regulatory reforms and are considering additional reforms that have increased, and are likely to continue to increase, the extent of regulation of the mutual fund and broker-dealer industries and impose additional compliance obligations and costs on our subsidiaries involved with those industries. Under provisions of the federal securities laws applicable to broker-dealers, investment advisers and registered investment companies and their service providers, a determination by a court or regulatory agency that certain violations have occurred at a company or its affiliates can result in fines, restitution, a limitation on permitted activities, disqualification to continue to conduct certain activities and an inability to rely on certain favorable exemptions. Certain types of infractions and violations can also affect a public company in its timing and ability to expeditiously issue new securities into the capital markets. In addition, certain changes in the activities of a broker-dealer require approval from FINRA, and FINRA takes into account a variety of considerations in acting upon applications for such approval, including internal controls, capital levels, management experience and quality, prior enforcement and disciplinary history and supervisory concerns.

Title VII of Dodd-Frank imposes new comprehensive and significant regulations on the activities of financial institutions that are active in the U.S. over-the-counter (“OTC”) derivatives and foreign exchange markets. Title VII was enacted to (i) address systemic risk issues, (ii) bring greater transparency to the derivatives markets, (iii) provide enhanced disclosures and protection to customers, and (iv) promote market integrity. Among other things, Title VII: (i) requires the registration of both “swap dealers” and “major swap participants” with one or both of the CFTC (in the case of non security-based swaps) and the SEC (in the case of security-based swaps); (ii) requires that most standardized swaps be centrally cleared through a regulated clearing house and traded on a centralized exchange or swap execution facility; (iii) subjects swap dealers and major swap participants to capital and margin requirements in excess of historical practice; (iv) subjects swap dealers and major swap participants to comprehensive new recordkeeping and real-time public reporting requirements; (v) subjects swap dealers and major swap participants to new business conduct requirements, including the provision of daily marks to counterparties and disclosing to counterparties (pre-execution) the material risks, material incentives, and any conflicts of interest associated with their swap; and (vi) imposes special duties on swap dealers and major swap participants when transacting a swap with a “special entity” (e.g., governmental agency (federal, state or local) or political subdivision thereof, pension plan or endowment).

Based on the definition of a “swap dealer” under Title VII, PNC Bank, N.A. registered with the CFTC as a swap dealer on January 31, 2013. As a result thereof, PNC Bank, N.A. is subject to the regulations and requirements imposed on registered swap dealers, and the CFTC will have a meaningful supervisory role with respect to PNC Bank, N.A.’s derivatives and foreign exchange businesses. Because of the limited volume of our security-based swap activities, PNC Bank, N.A. has not registered with the SEC as a security-based swap dealer. The regulations and requirements applicable to swap dealers will collectively impose implementation and ongoing compliance burdens on PNC Bank, N.A. and will introduce additional legal risks (including as a result of newly applicable antifraud and anti-manipulation provisions and private rights of action).

In addition, an investment adviser to private funds or to registered investment companies may be required to register with the CFTC as a commodity pool operator. Registration could impose significant new regulatory compliance burdens. Presently, we expect our subsidiaries that serve as investment advisers to such entities to be eligible for exemptions from registration as a commodity pool operator.

BlackRock has subsidiaries in securities and related businesses subject to SEC, other governmental agencies, state, local and FINRA regulation, and a federally chartered nondepository trust company subsidiary subject to supervision

 

 

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and regulation by the OCC. For additional information about the regulation of BlackRock by these agencies and otherwise, we refer you to the discussion under the “Regulation” section of Item 1 Business in BlackRock’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, which may be obtained electronically at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

COMPETITION

We are subject to intense competition from various financial institutions and from non-bank entities that can offer a number of similar products and services without being subject to bank regulatory supervision and restrictions.

In making loans, PNC Bank, N.A. competes with traditional banking institutions as well as consumer finance companies, leasing companies and other non-bank lenders, and institutional investors including collateralized loan obligation (CLO) managers, hedge funds, mutual fund complexes and private equity firms. Loan pricing, structure and credit standards are extremely important in the current environment as we seek to achieve appropriate risk-adjusted returns. Traditional deposit-taking activities are also subject to pricing pressures and to customer migration as a result of intense competition for consumer deposits and investments.

PNC Bank, N.A. competes for deposits with:

   

Other commercial banks,

   

Savings banks,

   

Savings and loan associations,

   

Credit unions,

   

Treasury management service companies,

   

Insurance companies, and

   

Issuers of commercial paper and other securities, including mutual funds.

Our various non-bank businesses engaged in investment banking and alternative investment activities compete with:

   

Commercial banks,

   

Investment banking firms,

   

Merchant banks,

   

Insurance companies,

   

Private equity firms, and

   

Other investment vehicles.

In providing asset management services, our businesses compete with:

   

Investment management firms,

   

Large banks and other financial institutions,

   

Brokerage firms,

   

Mutual fund complexes, and

   

Insurance companies.

We include here by reference the additional information regarding competition and factors affecting our competitive position included in the Item 1A Risk Factors section of this Report.

EMPLOYEES

Employees totaled 54,433 at December 31, 2013. This total includes 49,921 full-time and 4,512 part-time employees, of which 22,226 full-time and 4,030 part-time employees were employed by our Retail Banking business.

SEC REPORTS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE INFORMATION

We are subject to the informational requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (Exchange Act), and, in accordance with the Exchange Act, we file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements, and other information with the SEC. Our SEC File Number is 001-09718. You may read and copy this information at the SEC’s Public Reference Room located at 100 F Street NE, Room 1580, Washington, D.C. 20549. You can obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330.

You can also obtain copies of this information by mail from the Public Reference Section of the SEC, 100 F Street NE, Washington, D.C. 20549, at prescribed rates.

The SEC also maintains an internet website that contains reports, including exhibits, proxy and information statements, and other information about issuers, like us, who file electronically with the SEC. The address of that site is www.sec.gov. You can also inspect reports, proxy statements and other information about us at the offices of the New York Stock Exchange, 20 Broad Street, New York, New York 10005.

We also make our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed with or furnished to the SEC pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act available free of charge on our internet website as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. PNC’s corporate internet address is www.pnc.com and you can find this information at www.pnc.com/secfilings. Shareholders and bondholders may also obtain copies of these filings without charge by contacting Shareholder Services at 800-982-7652 or via the online contact form at www.computershare.com/contactus for copies without exhibits, and by contacting Shareholder Relations at 800-843-2206 or via e-mail at investor.relations@pnc.com for copies of exhibits, including financial statement and schedule exhibits where applicable. The interactive data file (XBRL) exhibit is only available electronically.

Information about our Board of Directors and its committees and corporate governance at PNC is available on PNC’s corporate website at www.pnc.com/corporategovernance. Our PNC Code of Business Conduct and Ethics is available on our corporate website at www.pnc.com/corporategovernance. In addition, any future amendments to, or waivers from, a

 

 

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provision of the PNC Code of Business Conduct and Ethics that applies to our directors or executive officers (including our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, and principal accounting officer or controller) will be posted at this internet address.

Shareholders who would like to request printed copies of the PNC Code of Business Conduct and Ethics or our Corporate Governance Guidelines or the charters of our Board’s Audit, Nominating and Governance, Personnel and Compensation, or Risk Committees (all of which are posted on the PNC corporate website) may do so by sending their requests to PNC’s Corporate Secretary at corporate headquarters at One PNC Plaza, 249 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15222-2707. Copies will be provided without charge to shareholders.

Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) under the symbol “PNC.”

INTERNET INFORMATION

The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc.’s financial reports and information about its products and services are available on the internet at www.pnc.com. We provide information for investors on our corporate website under “About PNC – Investor Relations,” such as Investor Events, Quarterly Earnings, SEC Filings, Financial Information, Financial Press Releases, Regulatory Disclosures and Message from the CEO. Under “Investor Relations,” we will from time to time post information that we believe may be important or useful to investors. We use our Twitter account, @pncnews, as an additional way of disseminating public information from time to time to investors. We generally post the following on our corporate website shortly before or promptly following its first use or release: financially-related press releases (including earnings releases), various SEC filings, presentation materials associated with earnings and other investor conference calls or events, and access to live and replay audio from earnings and other investor conference calls or events. In some cases, we may post the presentation materials for other investor conference calls or events several days prior to the call or event. When warranted, we will also use our website to expedite public access to time-critical information regarding PNC in advance of distribution of a press release or a filing with the SEC disclosing the same information.

Starting in 2013, PNC is required to provide additional public disclosure regarding estimated income, losses and pro forma regulatory capital ratios under a supervisory hypothetical severely adverse economic scenarios in March of each year and under a PNC-developed hypothetical severely adverse economic scenario in September of each year, as well as information concerning its capital stress testing processes, pursuant to the stress testing regulations adopted by the Federal Reserve and the OCC. PNC also is required to make certain market risk-related public disclosures under the Federal banking agencies’ final market risk capital rule that

became effective on January 1, 2013 and implements the enhancements to the market risk framework adopted by the Basel Committee (commonly referred to as “Basel II.5”). In addition, pursuant to regulations adopted by the Federal Reserve and the OCC, PNC will be required to make additional regulatory capital-related disclosures beginning in 2015. Under these regulations, PNC may be able to satisfy at least a portion of these requirements through postings on its website, and PNC has done so and expects to continue to do so without also providing disclosure of this information through filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

You can also find the SEC reports and corporate governance information described in the sections below in the Investor Relations section of our website.

Where we have included web addresses in this Report, such as our web address and the web address of the SEC, we have included those web addresses as inactive textual references only. Except as specifically incorporated by reference into this Report, information on those websites is not part hereof.

ITEM 1A – RISK FACTORS

We are subject to a number of risks potentially impacting our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. As a financial services organization, certain elements of risk are inherent in our transactions and operations and are present in the business decisions we make. Thus, we encounter risk as part of the normal course of our business, and we design risk management processes to help manage these risks.

Our success is dependent on our ability to identify, understand and manage the risks presented by our business activities so that we can appropriately balance revenue generation and profitability. These risks include, but are not limited to, credit risk, market risk, liquidity risk, operational risk, model risk, technology, compliance and legal risk, and strategic and reputation risk. We discuss our principal risk management processes and, in appropriate places, related historical performance in the Risk Management section included in Item 7 of this Report.

The following are the key risk factors that affect us. Any one or more of these risk factors could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows, in addition to presenting other possible adverse consequences, including those described below. These risk factors and other risks are also discussed further in other sections of this Report.

Difficult economic conditions or volatility in the financial markets would likely have an adverse effect on our business, financial position and results of operations.

As a financial services company, PNC’s business and overall financial performance are vulnerable to the impact of poor or

 

 

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weak economic conditions, particularly in the United States but also to some extent in the global economy. The extreme recessionary conditions that began in 2007 and ended in 2009 had a negative financial impact across the financial services industry, including on PNC. Such severe economic conditions can lead to turmoil and volatility in financial markets, which can increase the adverse impact on financial institutions such as PNC. A return to recessionary economic conditions in the United States would likely adversely affect PNC, its business and financial performance, perhaps in ways more detrimental than the effects of the last recession.

The economic recovery from the last recession continued in 2013, but at a pace below trend for other recent recoveries from recessions. Job growth has not yet been sufficient to significantly reduce high unemployment in the United States. Consumer and business confidence is improving but remains in the cautious zone.

Although Congress and the President reached agreement on a budget and on the U.S. government’s debt ceiling in early 2014, significant long-term issues remain with respect to federal budgetary and spending matters, and these current resolutions only have temporary effect. For example, the new budget only covers the period through the end of September 2014. Uncertainty resulting from these issues and the recent difficulties in resolving these types of matters could contribute to slower economic growth. Another period where the Congress and the President cannot reach resolution of key federal budgetary and spending matters, leading to events such as actual or threatened government shutdowns or defaults, could adversely affect the U.S. economy. In recent years, a downgrade in the ratings for U.S. Treasury securities by a credit rating agency, an extended government shutdown, and substantial spending cuts through sequestration have resulted from government stalemate on budgetary issues.

The global recession and disruption of the financial markets led to concerns over the solvency of certain European countries, affecting these countries’ capital markets access and in some cases sovereign credit ratings, as well as market perception of financial institutions that have significant direct or indirect exposure to these countries. These concerns continue even as the global economy is recovering. If measures to address sovereign debt and financial sector problems in Europe are inadequate, they may result in a delayed economic recovery, the exit of one or more member states from the Eurozone, or more severe economic and financial conditions. If realized, these risk scenarios could contribute to severe financial market stress or a global recession, likely affecting the economy and capital markets in the United States as well.

Other Risk Factors, presented below, address specific ways in which we may be adversely impacted by economic conditions.

 

Our business and financial results are subject to risks associated with the creditworthiness of our customers and counterparties.

Credit risk is inherent in the financial services business and results from, among other things, extending credit to customers, purchasing securities, and entering into financial derivative transactions and certain guarantee contracts. Credit risk is one of our most significant risks, particularly given the high percentage of our assets represented directly or indirectly by loans, and the importance of lending to our overall business. We manage credit risk by assessing and monitoring the creditworthiness of our customers and counterparties and by diversifying our loan portfolio. Many factors impact credit risk.

A borrower’s ability to repay a loan can be adversely affected by individual factors, such as business performance, job losses or health issues. A weak or deteriorating economy and changes in the United States or global markets also could adversely impact the ability of our borrowers to repay outstanding loans. Any decrease in our borrowers’ ability to repay loans would result in higher levels of nonperforming loans, net charge-offs, provision for credit losses and valuation adjustments on loans held for sale.

Financial services institutions are interrelated as a result of trading, clearing, counterparty, and other relationships. We have exposure to many different industries and counterparties, and we routinely execute transactions with counterparties in the financial services industry, including brokers and dealers, commercial banks, investment banks, mutual and hedge funds, and other institutional clients. Many of these transactions expose us to credit risk in the event of default of our counterparty or client.

Despite maintaining a diversified loan portfolio, in the ordinary course of business, we may have concentrated credit exposure to a particular person or entity, industry, region or counterparty. Events adversely affecting specific customers, industries, regions or markets, a decrease in the credit quality of a customer base or an adverse change in the risk profile of a market, industry, or group of customers could adversely affect us.

Our credit risk may be exacerbated when collateral held by us to secure obligations to us cannot be realized upon or is liquidated at prices that are not sufficient to recover the full amount of the loan or derivative exposure due us.

In part due to improvement in economic conditions, as well as actions taken by PNC to manage its portfolio, PNC’s provision for credit losses has declined substantially every year since the end of the recent recession. If we were to once again experience higher levels of provision for credit losses, it could result in lower levels of net income.

 

 

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Our business and financial performance is impacted significantly by market interest rates and movements in those rates. The monetary, tax and other policies of governmental agencies, including the Federal Reserve, have a significant impact on interest rates and overall financial market performance over which we have no control and which we may not be able to predict adequately.

As a result of the high percentage of our assets and liabilities that are in the form of interest-bearing or interest-related instruments, changes in interest rates, in the shape of the yield curve, or in spreads between different market interest rates can have a material effect on our business, our profitability and the value of our financial assets and liabilities. For example:

   

Changes in interest rates or interest rate spreads can affect the difference between the interest that we earn on assets and the interest that we pay on liabilities, which impacts our overall net interest income and profitability.

   

Such changes can affect the ability of borrowers to meet obligations under variable or adjustable rate loans and other debt instruments, and can, in turn, affect our loss rates on those assets.

   

Such changes may decrease the demand for interest rate-based products and services, including loans and deposit accounts.

   

Such changes can also affect our ability to hedge various forms of market and interest rate risk and may decrease the effectiveness of those hedges in helping to manage such risks.

   

Movements in interest rates also affect mortgage prepayment speeds and could result in impairments of mortgage servicing assets or otherwise affect the profitability of such assets.

The monetary, tax and other policies of the government and its agencies, including the Federal Reserve, have a significant impact on interest rates and overall financial market performance. These governmental policies can thus affect the activities and results of operations of banking companies such as PNC. An important function of the Federal Reserve is to regulate the national supply of bank credit and certain interest rates. The actions of the Federal Reserve influence the rates of interest that we charge on loans and that we pay on borrowings and interest-bearing deposits and can also affect the value of our on-balance sheet and off-balance sheet financial instruments. Both due to the impact on rates and by controlling access to direct funding from the Federal Reserve Banks, the Federal Reserve’s policies also influence, to a significant extent, our cost of funding. We cannot predict the nature or timing of future changes in monetary, tax and other policies or the effects that they may have on our activities and financial results. The continuation of the current very low interest rate environment, which is expected to continue at least through mid-year 2015 based on statements by the Chairman of the Federal Reserve, could affect consumer and

business behavior in ways that are adverse to us and could also hamper our ability to increase our net interest income.

Recently, the British Bankers’ Association (BBA) took steps to change the process for determining LIBOR. The method for determining how LIBOR is formulated and its use in the market may change, including, but not limited to, reducing the currencies and tenors for which LIBOR is calculated and requiring banks to provide LIBOR submissions based on actual transaction data. It is uncertain what changes, if any, will be required in the method for determining LIBOR and the impact such changes will have on our LIBOR-linked debt or preferred securities, or any of our loans, derivatives or other financial assets or obligations.

Our business and financial performance are vulnerable to the impact of changes in the values of financial assets.

As a financial institution, a substantial majority of PNC’s assets and liabilities are financial in nature (items such as loans, securities, servicing rights, deposits and borrowings). Such assets and liabilities will fluctuate in value, often significantly, due to movements in the financial markets or market volatility as well as developments specific to the asset or liability in question.

Credit-based assets and liabilities will fluctuate in value due to changes in the perceived creditworthiness of the borrowers and also due to changes in market interest rates. A lessening of confidence in the creditworthiness of the United States or other governments whose securities we hold could impact the value of those holdings. Changes in loan prepayment speeds, usually based on fluctuations in market interest rates, could adversely impact the value of our mortgage servicing rights. The financial strength of counterparties, with whom we have hedged some of our exposure to certain types of assets, could affect the value of such transactions and assets. Additionally, the underlying value of an asset under lease may decrease due to supply and demand for the asset or the condition of the asset at the end of the lease. This could cause our recorded lease value to decline.

In many cases, PNC marks its assets and liabilities to market on its financial statements, either through its Net income and Retained earnings or through adjustments to Accumulated other comprehensive income on its balance sheet. We may need to record losses in value of financial assets even where our expectation of realizing the face value of the underlying instrument has not changed.

In addition, asset management revenue is primarily based on a percentage of the value of the assets being managed and thus is impacted by general changes in market valuations. Thus, although we are not directly impacted by changes in the value of such assets, decreases in the value of those assets would affect related fee income.

 

 

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Our business and financial performance are dependent on our ability to attract and retain customers for our products and services, which may be negatively impacted by lack of consumer and business economic confidence as well as our actions, including our ability to anticipate and satisfy customer demands for products and services.

As a financial institution, our performance is subject to risks associated with the loss of customer confidence and demand. Economic and market developments, in the United States, Europe or elsewhere, may affect consumer and business confidence levels. If customers lose confidence due to a weak or deteriorating economy or uncertainty surrounding the future of the economy, the demand for our products and services could suffer.

We may also fail to attract or retain customers if we are unable to develop and market products and services that meet evolving customer needs or demands or if we are unable to deliver them effectively to our customers, particularly to the extent that our competitors are able to do so.

News or other publicity that impairs our reputation, or the reputation of our industry generally also could cause a loss of customers.

If we fail to attract and retain customers, demand for our loans and other financial products could decrease, we could experience adverse changes in payment patterns and consumers may not seek investments with us. We could lose interest income from a decline in credit usage and fee income from a decline in investments and other transactions. PNC’s customers could remove money from checking and savings accounts and other types of deposit accounts in favor of other banks or other types of investment products. Deposits are a low cost source of funds. Therefore, losing deposits could increase our funding costs and reduce our net interest income.

For several years, the United States has been in a very low interest rate environment. This situation has decreased the attractiveness of alternatives to bank checking and savings accounts, some of which historically have provided higher yields but may lack deposit insurance and some of the convenience associated with more traditional banking products. If interest rates were to rise significantly, customers may be less willing to maintain balances in non-interest bearing or low interest bank accounts, which could result in a loss of deposits or a relatively higher cost of funds to PNC. This could also result in a loss of fee income.

In our asset management business, investment performance is an important factor influencing the level of assets that we manage. Poor investment performance could impair revenue and growth as existing clients might withdraw funds in favor of better performing products. Additionally, the ability to attract funds from existing and new clients might diminish. Overall economic conditions may limit the amount that customers are

able or willing to invest as well as the value of the assets they do invest. The failure or negative performance of products of other financial institutions could lead to a loss of confidence in similar products offered by us without regard to the performance of our products. Such a negative contagion could lead to withdrawals, redemptions and liquidity issues in such products and have a material adverse impact on our assets under management and asset management revenues and earnings.

As a regulated financial services firm, we are subject to numerous governmental regulations, and the financial services industry as a whole is subject to significant regulatory reform initiatives in the United States and elsewhere.

PNC is a bank holding company and a financial holding company and is subject to numerous governmental regulations involving both its business and organization.

Our businesses are subject to regulation by multiple banking, consumer protection and securities regulatory bodies. Applicable laws and regulations restrict our ability to repurchase stock or to receive dividends from subsidiaries that operate in the banking and securities businesses and impose capital adequacy requirements. PNC’s ability to service its obligations and pay dividends to shareholders is largely dependent on the receipt of dividends and advances from its subsidiaries, primarily PNC Bank, N.A. The Federal Reserve requires a bank holding company to act as a source of financial and managerial strength for its subsidiary banks. The Federal Reserve could require PNC to commit resources to PNC Bank, N.A. when doing so is not otherwise in the interests of PNC or its shareholders or creditors.

Applicable laws and regulations restrict permissible activities and investments and require compliance with protections for loan, deposit, brokerage, fiduciary, mutual fund and other customers, and for the protection of customer information, among other things. We are also subject to laws and regulations designed to combat money laundering, terrorist financing, and transactions with persons, companies or foreign governments designated by U.S. authorities.

Starting shortly after the beginning of the financial crisis in 2007, we have faced, and expect to continue to face for the foreseeable future, increased regulation of the financial services industry as a result of initiatives intended to promote the safety and soundness of financial institutions, financial market stability, the transparency and liquidity of financial markets, and consumer and investor protection. We also expect, in many cases, more intense scrutiny from bank and consumer protection supervisors in the examination process and more aggressive enforcement of laws and regulations on both the federal and state levels. Compliance with regulations and other supervisory initiatives will likely increase the company’s costs and reduce its revenue, and may limit the company’s ability to pursue certain desirable business

 

 

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opportunities. New reforms will also introduce additional legal risk (including as a result of newly applicable antifraud and anti-manipulation provisions and private rights of action), affect regulatory oversight, holding company capital requirements, and residential mortgage products. The consequences of noncompliance with applicable laws and regulations can include substantial monetary and nonmonetary sanctions as well as damage to our reputation and businesses.

A number of reform provisions are likely to significantly impact the ways in which banks and bank holding companies, including PNC, do business. Some of the reform initiatives have led to the formation of new regulatory bodies, such as the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), which has authority to regulate consumer financial products and services sold by banks and non-bank companies and to supervise banks with assets of more than $10 billion and their affiliates for compliance with Federal consumer protection laws. Other agencies have significant new powers relevant to PNC, such as the authority now held by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) to regulate non security-based swaps, which, among other things, led PNC Bank, N.A. to register with the CFTC as a swap dealer in early 2013.

See Supervision and Regulation in Item 1 of this Report for more information concerning the regulation of PNC and recent initiatives to reform financial institution regulation, including some of the matters discussed in this Risk Factor. Note 22 Regulatory Matters in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report also discusses some of the regulation applicable to PNC.

The following describes the key risks associated with some of the initiatives recently undertaken as part of the regulatory reform initiatives affecting the financial services industry, either where pending rules have not yet been finalized or where the impact of new rules has not been substantially realized.

   

In December 2013, the U.S. banking agencies, the SEC and the CFTC adopted regulations implementing the Volcker Rule provisions of Dodd-Frank. The Volcker Rule prohibits banks and their affiliates from engaging in some types of proprietary trading and restricts the ability of banks and their affiliates to sponsor, invest in or have specified other financial relationships with certain types of private funds (referred to as covered funds). We discuss the Volcker Rule in the Supervision and Regulation section included in Item 1 of this Report. PNC discontinued its designated proprietary trading operations several years ago. While we continue to assess the implications of the final regulations, we currently do not expect the proprietary trading aspects of the final regulations to have a material effect on PNC’s businesses or revenue. Nevertheless, the Volcker Rule regulations place limits and conditions on many types of permissible trading

   

activities, including transactions conducted for purposes of hedging, liquidity management, underwriting or to facilitate customer transactions. These limits and restrictions could cause PNC to forego engaging in hedging or other transactions that it would otherwise undertake in the ordinary course of business and, thus, to some extent, may limit the ability of PNC to most effectively hedge its risks, manage its balance sheet or provide products or services to its customers.

   

In addition, as of December 31, 2013, PNC held interests in private equity and hedge funds that appear to be covered funds subject to the Volcker Rule regulations totaling approximately $806 million, including three sponsored funds with total invested capital of approximately $317 million. Certain of PNC’s REIT Preferred Securities also were issued by statutory trusts that, as currently structured, are considered covered funds. PNC will need to sell, restructure, or otherwise conform substantially all of these investments and cease sponsoring covered funds by July 21, 2015, although this compliance date may be extended, potentially for several years, with the approval of the Federal Reserve. Moreover, it is likely that at least some of the amounts invested in these funds will reduce over time in the ordinary course before compliance is required. A forced sale or restructuring of PNC’s investments due to the Volcker Rule would likely result in PNC receiving less value than it would otherwise have received or experiencing other adverse consequences. As of December 31, 2013, PNC also held approximately $2.4 billion of senior debt interests in collateralized loan obligation (CLO) funds that may be considered covered funds. At December 31, 2013, the unrealized loss associated with the aforementioned CLO funds was approximately $14 million. The agencies are currently reviewing the treatment of CLO funds under the final regulations.

   

On February 18, 2014, the Federal Reserve issued final rules that establish new enhanced prudential standards relating to liquidity risk and overall risk management for bank holding companies (like PNC) that have $50 billion or more in consolidated total assets. These rules also implement the provisions of Dodd-Frank that require the Federal Reserve to impose a maximum 15-to-1 debt to equity ratio on a bank holding company if the FSOC determines that the company poses a grave threat to the financial stability of the United States and that the imposition of such a debt-to-equity requirement would mitigate such risk. The Federal Reserve, however, continues to develop the other enhanced prudential standards that are required under Dodd-Frank for bank holding companies with $50 billion or more in consolidated total assets, including the counterparty credit exposure limits and early remediation requirements that were

 

 

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the subject of proposed rules issued in December 2011. Under these proposed rules, PNC could be subject to increasingly stringent actions by the Federal Reserve if its financial condition or risk management deteriorated as reflected by the company’s current or projected post-stress capital levels, compliance with supervisory liquidity and risk management standards and, in some instances, market-based indicators, such as credit default swap spreads. In addition, the Federal Reserve has indicated that it intends to continue to develop the set of enhanced prudential standards that apply to large bank holding companies in order to further promote the resiliency of such firms and the U.S. financial system. Until the Federal Reserve’s rules and initiatives to establish these enhanced prudential standards are completed, we are unable to fully estimate their impact on PNC, although we expect these initiatives will result in increased compliance costs.

   

Regulatory agencies have proposed rules to implement the Dodd-Frank provisions requiring retention of credit risk by certain securitization participants through holding interests in the securitization vehicles, but the rules are not yet finalized or effective. As a result, the ultimate impact of these Dodd-Frank provisions on PNC remains unpredictable. That impact on PNC could be direct, by requiring PNC to hold interests in a securitization vehicle or other assets that represent a portion of the credit risk of the assets held by the securitization vehicle, or indirect, by impacting markets in which PNC participates and increasing the costs associated with loan origination. Since the beginning of the financial crisis, there has been and continues to be substantially less private (that is, non-government backed) securitization activity than had previously been the case. It is unclear at present whether and to what extent the private securitization markets will rebound. If the markets for private securitizations rebound and PNC decides to increase its participation in those markets, we would likely be required under the regulations to retain more risk than would otherwise have been the case, and as a result could be required to consolidate certain securitization vehicles on our balance sheet, with currently an uncertain financial impact.

On the indirect impact side, PNC originates loans of a variety of types, including residential and commercial mortgages, credit card, auto, and student, that historically have commonly been securitized, and PNC is also a significant servicer of residential and commercial mortgages held by others, including securitization vehicles. PNC anticipates that the risk retention requirements will impact the market for loans of types that historically have been securitized, potentially affecting the volumes of loans securitized, the types of loan products made available, the terms

on which loans are offered, consumer and business demand for loans, and the need for third-party loan servicers. It should be noted that the risk retention rules themselves could have the effect of slowing the rebound in the securitization markets. One effect of having substantially reduced opportunities to securitize loans would likely be a reduction in the willingness of banks, including PNC, to make loans due to balance sheet management requirements. Any of these potential impacts of the Dodd-Frank risk retention rules could affect the way in which PNC conducts its business, including its product offerings.

A failure to comply, or to have adequate policies and procedures designed to comply, with regulatory requirements could expose us to damages, fines and regulatory penalties and other regulatory actions, which could be significant, and could also injure our reputation with customers and others with whom we do business.

New capital and liquidity standards will result in banks and bank holding companies needing to maintain more and higher quality capital and greater liquidity than has historically been the case.

We are subject to the regulatory capital requirements established by the Federal Reserve and the OCC. These requirements are currently undergoing significant changes as a result of the final rules adopted by the U.S. banking agencies in July 2013 to implement the new international guidelines for determining regulatory capital established by the Basel Committee on Bank Supervision (“BCBS”) known as “Basel III,” as well as to implement certain provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act. Significant parts of these rules became effective for PNC on January 1, 2014, while other aspects will become effective on January 1, 2015 or thereafter.

In November 2013, the U.S. banking agencies also requested comment on proposed rules that would implement the liquidity coverage ratio (LCR), a new, short-term quantitative liquidity requirement included in the BCBS Basel III framework. The proposal would require PNC and PNC Bank, N.A. to maintain an amount of qualifying high-quality liquid assets sufficient to cover the entity’s projected net cash outflows over a 30-day stress period using inflow, outflow and maturity assumptions included in the rule. Under the proposal, the LCR would become effective and begin to be phased-in on January 1, 2015, with the standard being fully implemented on January 1, 2017. The comment period on the proposed rules ended on January 31, 2014, and final rules have not yet been issued. Although the impact of the LCR on PNC will not be fully known until the rules are final, PNC has taken several actions to prepare for implementation of the LCR, and we expect to be in compliance with the rules when they become effective. In February 2014, the Federal Reserve also adopted new liquidity risk management requirements for bank holding companies with $50 billion or more in consolidated total

 

 

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assets (like PNC), which become effective on January 1, 2015. We discuss these new capital requirements and liquidity standards in the Supervision and Regulation section included in Item 1 of this Report.

The U.S. banking agencies also have proposed, or are considering, additional rules that would require certain U.S. banking organizations to maintain a supplemental leverage ratio in excess of the level required by the July 2013 rules, to hold additional capital to the extent the organizations engage in certain activities deemed to present special risks (such as relying on short-term wholesale funding), or to maintain a certain aggregate level of capital and long-term unsecured debt to facilitate a resolution of the institution. In January 2014, the BCBS also requested comment on another liquidity component of the international Basel III framework, the net stable funding ratio, which is designed to ensure that banking organizations maintain a stable, long-term funding profile in relation to their asset composition and off-balance sheet activities.

The need to maintain more and higher quality capital, as well as greater liquidity, going forward than historically has been required could limit PNC’s business activities, including lending, and its ability to expand, either organically or through acquisitions. It could also result in PNC taking steps to increase its capital that may be dilutive to shareholders or being limited in its ability to pay dividends or otherwise return capital to shareholders, or selling or refraining from acquiring assets, the capital requirements for which are inconsistent with the assets’ underlying risks. In addition, the new liquidity standards likely will require PNC to increase its holdings of highly liquid short-term investments, thereby reducing PNC’s ability to invest in longer-term or less liquid assets even if more desirable from a balance sheet or interest rate risk management perspective. Moreover, although these new requirements are being phased in over time, U.S. federal banking agencies have been taking into account expectations regarding the ability of banks to meet these new requirements, including under stressed conditions, in approving actions that represent uses of capital, such as dividend increases, share repurchases and acquisitions. Moreover, until the scope and terms of pending or future rulemakings relating to capital, liquidity, or liability composition are known, the extent to which such rules may apply to PNC and the potential impact of such rules on PNC will remain uncertain.

We depend on information systems, both internally and through third-parties, to conduct our business and could suffer a material adverse impact from interruptions in the effective operation of, or security breaches affecting, those systems.

As a large financial company, we handle a substantial volume of customer and other financial transactions virtually on a continuous basis. As a result, we rely heavily on information systems to conduct our business and to process, record, and monitor our transactions. In recent years, PNC has increased substantially in size, scope and complexity. We have also seen more customer usage of technological solutions for financial

needs and higher expectations of customers and regulators regarding effective and safe systems operation. The need to ensure proper functioning of these systems has become more challenging, and the costs involved in that effort are greater than ever.

The risks to these systems result from a variety of factors, both internal and external. In some cases, these factors are largely outside of our control, including the potential for bad acts on the part of hackers, criminals, employees and others. In other cases, our systems could fail to operate as needed due to factors such as design or performance issues, human error, unexpected transaction volumes, or inadequate measures to protect against unauthorized access. We are also at risk for the impact of natural or other disasters, terrorism, international hostilities and the like on our systems or for the effect of outages or other failures involving power or communications systems operated by others. In addition, we face a variety of types of cyber attacks, some of which are discussed in more detail below. Cyber attacks often include efforts to disrupt our ability to provide services or to gain access to confidential company and customer information.

We rely on other companies for the provision of a broad range of products and services. Many of these products and services include information systems themselves or involve the use of such systems in connection with providing the products or services. In some cases, these other companies provide the infrastructure that supports electronic communications. These other companies are generally subject to many of the same risks we face with respect to our systems. To the extent we rely on these other companies, we could be adversely affected if they are impacted by system failures or cyber attacks.

All of these types of events, whether resulting from cyber attacks or other internal or external sources, expose customer and other confidential information to security risks. They also could disrupt our ability to use our accounting, deposit, loan and other systems and could cause errors in transactions with customers, vendors or other counterparties.

In addition, our customers often use their own devices, such as computers, smartphones and tablets, to do business with us. We have limited ability to assure the safety and security of our customers’ transactions with us to the extent they are utilizing their own devices.

We are faced with ongoing efforts by others to breach data security at financial institutions or with respect to financial transactions. Some of these involve efforts to enter our systems directly by going through or around our security protections. Others involve the use of schemes such as “phishing” to gain access to identifying customer information, often from customers themselves. Most corporate and commercial transactions are now handled electronically, and our retail customers increasingly use online access and mobile devices to bank with us. The ability to conduct business with

 

 

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us in this manner depends on secure transmission of confidential information, which increases the risk of data security breaches.

Starting in late 2012, there have been several well-publicized series of apparently related denial of service attacks on large financial services companies, including PNC. In a denial of service attack, individuals or organizations flood commercial websites with extraordinarily high volumes of traffic, with the goal of disrupting the ability of commercial enterprises to process transactions and possibly making their websites unavailable to customers for extended periods of time. The attacks against PNC have resulted in temporary disruptions in customers’ ability to access the corporate website and to perform on-line banking transactions. To date, no customer data has been lost or compromised and these efforts have not had a material impact on PNC. We cannot, however, provide assurance that future attacks of this type might not have a greater effect on PNC.

As our customers regularly use PNC-issued credit and debit cards to pay for transactions with retailers and other businesses, there is the risk of data security breaches at those other businesses covering PNC account information. When our customers use PNC-issued cards to make purchases from those businesses, card account information is provided to the business. If the business’s systems that process or store card account information are subject to a data security breach, holders of our cards who have made purchases from that business may experience fraud on their card accounts. PNC may suffer losses associated with reimbursing our customers for such fraudulent transactions on customers’ card accounts, as well as for other costs related to data security compromise events, such as replacing cards associated with compromised card accounts. In addition, PNC provides card transaction processing services to some merchant customers under agreements we have with payment networks such as Visa and MasterCard. Under these agreements, we may be responsible for certain losses and penalties if one of our merchant customers suffers a data security breach.

In late 2013, several large retailers, including most prominently Target, disclosed that they have suffered substantial data security breaches compromising millions of card accounts. To date, PNC’s losses and costs related to these breaches have not been material, but other similar events in the future could be more significant to PNC.

Methods used by others to attack information systems change frequently (with generally increasing sophistication), often are not recognized until launched against a target, may be supported by foreign governments or other well-financed entities, and may originate from less regulated and remote areas around the world. As a result, we may be unable to address these methods in advance of attacks, including by implementing adequate preventive measures.

We have policies, procedures and systems (including business continuity programs) designed to prevent or limit the effect of possible failures, interruptions or breaches in security of information systems. We design our business continuity and other information and technology risk management programs to manage our capabilities to provide services in the case of an event resulting in material disruptions of business activities affecting our employees, facilities, technology or suppliers. We regularly seek to test the effectiveness of and enhance these policies, procedures and systems.

Our ability to mitigate the adverse consequences of such occurrences is in part dependent on the quality of our business continuity planning and our ability to anticipate the timing and nature of any such event that occurs. The adverse impact of natural and other disasters, terrorist activities, international hostilities and the like could be increased to the extent that there is a lack of preparedness on the part of national or regional governments, including emergency responders, or on the part of other organizations and businesses with which we deal, particularly those on which we depend but have no control over.

In recent years, we have incurred significant expense towards improving the reliability of our systems and their security from attack. Nonetheless, there remains the risk that an adverse event might occur. If one does occur, we might not be able to fix it timely or adequately. To the extent that the risk relates to products or services provided by others, we seek to engage in due diligence and monitoring to limit the risk, but here too we cannot eliminate it. Should an adverse event affecting another company’s systems occur, we may not have indemnification or other protection from the other company sufficient to compensate us or otherwise protect us from the consequences.

The occurrence of any failure, interruption or security breach of any of our information or communications systems, or the systems of other companies on which we rely, could result in a wide variety of adverse consequences to PNC. This risk is greater if the issue is widespread or results in financial losses to our customers. Possible adverse consequences include damage to our reputation or a loss of customer business. We also could face litigation or additional regulatory scrutiny. Litigation or regulatory actions in turn could lead to liability or other sanctions, including fines and penalties or reimbursement of customers adversely affected by a systems problem or security breach. Even if we do not suffer any material adverse consequences as a result of events affecting us directly, successful attacks or systems failures at other large financial institutions could lead to a general loss of customer confidence in financial institutions including PNC. Also, systems problems, including those resulting from third party attacks, whether at PNC or at our competitors, would likely increase regulatory and customer concerns regarding the functioning, safety and security of such systems generally. In that case, we would expect to incur even higher levels of costs with respect to prevention and mitigation of these risks.

 

 

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We continually encounter technological change and we could falter in our ability to remain competitive in this arena.

The financial services industry is continually undergoing rapid technological change with frequent introductions of new technology-driven products and services. The effective use of technology increases efficiency and enables financial institutions to better serve customers and to reduce costs. We have been investing in technology and connectivity to automate functions previously performed manually, to facilitate the ability of customers to engage in financial transactions, and otherwise to enhance the customer experience with respect to our products and services. On the retail side, this has included developments such as more sophisticated ATMs and expanded access to banking transactions through the internet, smart phones, tablets and other remote devices. These efforts have all been in response to actual and anticipated customer behavior and expectations. Our continued success depends, in part, upon our ability to address the needs of our customers by using technology to provide products and services that satisfy customer demands and create efficiencies in our operations. A failure to maintain or enhance our competitive position with respect to technology, whether because we fail to anticipate customer expectations or because our technological developments fail to perform as desired or are not rolled out in a timely manner, may cause us to lose market share or incur additional expense.

There are risks resulting from the extensive use of models in our business.

PNC relies on quantitative models to measure risks and to estimate certain financial values. Models may be used in such processes as determining the pricing of various products, grading loans and extending credit, measuring interest rate and other market risks, predicting losses, assessing capital adequacy, and calculating economic and regulatory capital levels, as well as to estimate the value of financial instruments and balance sheet items. Poorly designed or implemented models present the risk that our business decisions based on information incorporating models will be adversely affected due to the inadequacy of that information. Also, information we provide to the public or to our regulators based on poorly designed or implemented models could be inaccurate or misleading. Some of the decisions that our regulators make, including those related to capital distributions to our shareholders, could be affected adversely due to their perception that the quality of the models used to generate the relevant information is insufficient. See the Model Risk Management portion of the Risk Management section included in Item 7 of this Report.

Our asset and liability valuations and the determination of the amount of loss allowances and impairments taken on our assets are highly subjective, and inaccurate estimates could materially impact our results of operations or financial position.

We must use estimates, assumptions, and judgments when assets and liabilities are measured and reported at fair value. Assets and liabilities carried at fair value inherently result in a higher degree of financial statement volatility. Changes in underlying factors or assumptions in any of the areas underlying our estimates could materially impact our future financial condition and results of operations. During periods of market disruption, it may be more difficult to value certain of our assets if trading becomes less frequent and/or market data becomes less observable. There may be certain asset classes that were historically in active markets with significant observable data that rapidly become illiquid due to market volatility, a loss in market confidence or other factors. Further, rapidly changing and unprecedented market conditions in any particular market could materially impact the valuation of assets as reported within our consolidated financial statements.

The determination of the amount of loss allowances and asset impairments varies by asset type and is based upon our periodic evaluation and assessment of known and inherent risks associated with the respective asset class. Management updates its evaluations regularly and reflects changes in allowances and impairments in operations as such evaluations are revised. Although we have policies and procedures in place to determine loss allowance and asset impairments, due to the substantial subjective nature of this area, there can be no assurance that our management has accurately assessed the level of impairments taken and allowances reflected in our financial statements. Furthermore, additional impairments may need to be taken or allowances provided for in the future. Historical trends may not be indicative of future impairments or allowances.

Our business and financial results could be impacted materially by adverse results in legal proceedings.

Many aspects of our business involve substantial risk of legal liability. We have been named or threatened to be named as defendants in various lawsuits arising from our business activities (and in some cases from the activities of companies we have acquired). In addition, we are regularly the subject of governmental investigations and other forms of regulatory inquiry. We also are at risk when we have agreed to indemnify others for losses related to legal proceedings, including litigation and governmental investigations and inquiries, they face, such as in connection with the sale of a business or assets by us. The results of these legal proceedings could lead to significant monetary damages or penalties, restrictions on the way in which we conduct our business, or reputational harm.

 

 

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Although we establish accruals for legal proceedings when information related to the loss contingencies represented by those matters indicates both that a loss is probable and that the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated, we do not have accruals for all legal proceedings where we face a risk of loss. In addition, due to the inherent subjectivity of the assessments and unpredictability of the outcome of legal proceedings, amounts accrued may not represent the ultimate loss to us from the legal proceedings in question. Thus, our ultimate losses may be higher, and possibly significantly so, than the amounts accrued for legal loss contingencies.

We discuss further the unpredictability of legal proceedings and describe certain of our pending legal proceedings in Note 23 Legal Proceedings in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report.

PNC faces legal and regulatory risk arising out of its residential mortgage businesses.

Numerous federal and state governmental, legislative and regulatory authorities are investigating practices in the business of mortgage and home equity loan lending and servicing and in the mortgage-related insurance and reinsurance industries. PNC has received inquiries from governmental, legislative and regulatory authorities on these topics and is responding to these inquiries. These inquiries and investigations could lead to administrative, civil or criminal proceedings, possibly resulting in remedies including fines, penalties, restitution, alterations in our business practices and additional expenses and collateral costs.

In addition to governmental or regulatory inquiries and investigations, PNC, like other companies with residential mortgage and home equity loan origination and servicing operations, faces the risk of class actions, other litigation and claims from: the owners of, investors in, or purchasers of such loans originated or serviced by PNC (or securities backed by such loans), homeowners involved in foreclosure proceedings or various mortgage-related insurance programs, downstream purchasers of homes sold after foreclosure, title insurers, and other potential claimants. Included among these claims are claims from purchasers of mortgage and home equity loans seeking the repurchase of loans where the loans allegedly breached origination covenants and representations and warranties made to the purchasers in the purchase and sale agreements.

At this time PNC cannot predict the ultimate overall cost to or effect upon PNC from governmental, legislative or regulatory actions and private litigation or claims arising out of residential mortgage and home equity loan lending, servicing or reinsurance practices, although such actions, litigation and claims could, individually or in the aggregate, result in significant expense. See Note 23 Legal Proceedings and Note 24 Commitments and Guarantees in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report for additional information regarding federal and state governmental,

legislative and regulatory inquiries and investigations and additional information regarding potential repurchase obligations relating to mortgage and home equity loans.

There is a continuing risk of incurring costs related to further remedial and related efforts required by consent orders and related to repurchase requests arising out of either the foreclosure process or origination issues. Reputational damage arising out of this industry-wide inquiry could also have an adverse effect upon our existing mortgage and home equity loan business and could reduce future business opportunities. Investors in mortgage loans and other assets that we sell are more likely to seek indemnification from us against losses or otherwise seek to have us share in such losses.

The CFPB has issued new rules for mortgage origination and mortgage servicing. Both the origination and servicing rules create new private rights of action for consumers against lenders and servicers like PNC in the event of certain violations. For additional information concerning the mortgage rules, see Supervision and Regulation in Item 1 of this Report.

Additionally, each GSE is currently in conservatorship, with its primary regulator acting as a conservator. We cannot predict when or if the conservatorships will end or whether, as a result of legislative or regulatory action, there will be any associated changes to the structure of the GSEs or the housing finance industry more generally, including, but not limited to, changes to the relationship among the GSEs, the government and the private markets. The effects of any such reform on our business and financial results are uncertain.

Our regional concentrations make us at risk to adverse economic conditions in our primary retail banking footprint.

Our retail banking business is primarily concentrated within our retail branch network footprint. Although our other businesses are national in scope, to a lesser extent these other businesses also have a greater presence within these primary geographic markets. Thus, we are particularly vulnerable to adverse changes in economic conditions in the Mid-Atlantic, Midwest, and Southeast regions.

We grow our business in part by acquiring other financial services companies or assets from time to time, and these acquisitions present a number of risks and uncertainties related both to the acquisition transactions themselves and to the integration of the acquired businesses into PNC after closing.

Acquisitions of other financial services companies, financial services assets and related deposits and other liabilities present risks and uncertainties to PNC in addition to those presented by the nature of the business acquired.

In general, acquisitions may be substantially more expensive or take longer to complete than anticipated (including

 

 

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unanticipated costs incurred in connection with the integration of the acquired company). Anticipated benefits (including anticipated cost savings and strategic gains) may be significantly harder or take longer to achieve than expected or may not be achieved in their entirety as a result of unexpected factors or events.

Our ability to achieve anticipated results from acquisitions is often dependent also on the extent of credit losses in the acquired loan portfolios and the extent of deposit attrition, which are, in part, related to the state of economic and financial markets.

Also, litigation and governmental investigations that may be pending at the time of the acquisition or be filed or commenced thereafter, as a result of an acquisition or otherwise, could impact the timing or realization of anticipated benefits to PNC. Note 23 Legal Proceedings in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report describes several legal proceedings related to pre-acquisition activities of companies we have acquired, including National City. Other such legal proceedings may be commenced in the future.

Integration of an acquired company’s business and operations into PNC, including conversion of the acquired company’s different systems and procedures, may take longer than anticipated or be more costly than anticipated or have unanticipated adverse results relating to the acquired company’s or PNC’s existing businesses. In some cases, acquisitions involve our entry into new businesses or new geographic or other markets, and these situations also present risks and uncertainties in instances where we may be inexperienced in these new areas.

Our ability to analyze the risks presented by prospective acquisitions, as well as our ability to prepare in advance of closing for integration, depends, in part, on the information we can gather with respect to the target, which is more limited than the information we have regarding companies we already own.

As a regulated financial institution, our ability to pursue or complete attractive acquisition opportunities could be negatively impacted by regulatory delays or other regulatory issues.

We operate in a highly competitive environment, in terms of the products and services we offer and the geographic markets in which we conduct business, as well as in our labor markets where we compete for talented employees. Competition could adversely impact our customer acquisition, growth and retention, as well as our credit spreads and product pricing, causing us to lose market share and deposits and revenues.

We are subject to intense competition from various financial institutions as well as from non-bank entities that engage in many similar activities without being subject to bank regulatory supervision and restrictions. This competition is

described in Item 1 of this Report under “Competition.” Competition in our industry could intensify as a result of the increasing consolidation of financial services companies, in connection with current market conditions or otherwise.

In all, the principal bases for competition are pricing (including the interest rates charged on loans or paid on interest-bearing deposits), product structure, the range of products and services offered, and the quality of customer service (including convenience and responsiveness to customer needs and concerns). The ability to access and use technology is an increasingly important competitive factor in the financial services industry, and it is a critically important component to customer satisfaction as it affects our ability to deliver the right products and services.

Another increasingly competitive factor in the financial services industry is the competition to attract and retain talented employees across many of our business and support areas. This competition leads to increased expenses in many business areas and can also cause us to not pursue certain business opportunities.

A failure to adequately address the competitive pressures we face could make it harder for us to attract and retain customers across our businesses. On the other hand, meeting these competitive pressures could require us to incur significant additional expense or to accept risk beyond what we would otherwise view as desirable under the circumstances. In addition, in our interest rate sensitive businesses, pressures to increase rates on deposits or decrease rates on loans could reduce our net interest margin with a resulting negative impact on our net interest income.

Our business and financial performance could be adversely affected, directly or indirectly, by disasters, natural or otherwise, by terrorist activities or by international hostilities.

Neither the occurrence nor the potential impact of disasters (such as earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, fires, explosions, and other severe weather conditions or catastrophic accidents), terrorist activities and international hostilities can be predicted. However, these occurrences could impact us directly (for example, by causing significant damage to our facilities or preventing us from conducting our business in the ordinary course), or indirectly as a result of their impact on our borrowers, depositors, other customers, suppliers or other counterparties. We could also suffer adverse consequences to the extent that disasters, terrorist activities or international hostilities affect the financial markets or the economy in general or in any particular region. These types of impacts could lead, for example, to an increase in delinquencies, bankruptcies or defaults that could result in our experiencing higher levels of nonperforming assets, net charge-offs and provisions for credit losses.

 

 

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Our ability to mitigate the adverse consequences of such occurrences is in part dependent on the quality of our resiliency planning, and our ability, if any, to anticipate the nature of any such event that occurs. The adverse impact of disasters or terrorist activities or international hostilities also could be increased to the extent that there is a lack of preparedness on the part of national or regional emergency responders or on the part of other organizations and businesses that we deal with, particularly those that we depend upon but have no control over.

ITEM 1BUNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

There are no SEC staff comments regarding PNC’s periodic or current reports under the Exchange Act that are pending resolution.

ITEM 2 – PROPERTIES

Our executive and primary administrative offices are currently located at One PNC Plaza, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The 30-story structure is owned by PNC Bank, N.A.

We own or lease numerous other premises for use in conducting business activities, including operations centers, offices, and branch and other facilities. We consider the facilities owned or occupied under lease by our subsidiaries to be adequate for the purposes of our business operations. We include here by reference the additional information regarding our properties in Note 11 Premises, Equipment and Leasehold Improvements in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item  8 of this Report.

ITEM 3 – LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

See the information set forth in Note 23 Legal Proceedings in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report, which is incorporated here by reference.

ITEM 4 – MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable

EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT

Information regarding each of our executive officers as of February 22, 2014 is set forth below. Executive officers do not have a stated term of office. Each executive officer has held the position or positions indicated or another executive position with the same entity or one of its affiliates for the past five years unless otherwise indicated below.

 

Name   Age     Position with PNC   Year
Employed (a)
 

William S. Demchak

    51    

Chief Executive Officer and President (b)

    2002  

Joseph C. Guyaux

    63    

Senior Vice Chairman and Chief Risk Officer

    1972  

E. Todd Chamberlain

    52    

Executive Vice President

    2011  

Orlando C. Esposito

    55    

Executive Vice President

    1988  

Joan L. Gulley

    66    

Executive Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer

    1986  

Neil F. Hall

    65    

Executive Vice President

    1995  

Michael J. Hannon

    57    

Executive Vice President and Chief Credit Officer

    1982  

Gregory B. Jordan

    54    

Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Head of Regulatory and Government Affairs

    2013  

Karen L. Larrimer

    51    

Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer

    1995  

Michael P. Lyons

    43    

Executive Vice President

    2011  

E. William Parsley, III

    48    

Executive Vice President, Chief Investment Officer, and Treasurer

    2003  

Robert Q. Reilly

    49    

Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

    1987  

Steven Van Wyk

    55    

Executive Vice President and Head of Technology and Operations

    2013  

Gregory H. Kozich

    50    

Senior Vice President and Controller

    2010  
(a) Where applicable, refers to year employed by predecessor company.
(b) Mr. Demchak also serves as a director. Biographical information for Mr. Demchak is included in “Election of Directors (Item 1)” in our proxy statement for the 2014 annual meeting of shareholders. See Item 10 of this Report.
 

 

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Joseph C. Guyaux was appointed Senior Vice Chairman and Chief Risk Officer in February 2012, prior to which he served as President.

E. Todd Chamberlain was appointed Executive Vice President of PNC Bank, N.A. and The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. and head of Residential Mortgage Banking in April 2013. He joined PNC in July 2011. He is a 26-year veteran of the mortgage industry. Prior to 2011, he was at Regions Financial Corporation where he was Executive Vice President and head of mortgage banking for 8 years.

Orlando C. Esposito was appointed Executive Vice President and head of the Asset Management Group of The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. and PNC Bank, N.A in April 2013. Prior to being named to his current position, he joined PNC in 1988 and held numerous leadership positions including Executive Vice President of Corporate Banking from November 2006 to April 2013.

Joan L. Gulley has served as Chief Human Resources Officer since April 2008. She was appointed Senior Vice President in April 2008 and then Executive Vice President in February 2009.

Neil F. Hall has been an Executive Vice President since April 2012 and head of PNC’s Retail Banking since February 2012. Prior to being named to his current position, Mr. Hall led the delivery of sales and service to PNC’s retail and small business customers, directed branch banking, business banking, community development and PNC Investments.

Michael J. Hannon has served as Executive Vice President since February 2009, prior to which he served as Senior Vice President. He has served as Chief Credit Officer since November 2009. From February 2009 to November 2009 he also served as Chief Risk Officer and served as Interim Chief Risk Officer from December 2011 to February 2012.

Gregory B. Jordan joined PNC as Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Head of Regulatory and Government Affairs in October 2013. Prior to joining PNC, he served as the Global Managing Partner for the last 13 years of his 29 year tenure at Reed Smith LLP.

Karen L. Larrimer was appointed Executive Vice President of The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. in May 2013. She has served as Chief Marketing Officer since April 2012. She also has served as Executive Vice President of PNC Bank, N.A. since November 2006.

Michael P. Lyons has been an Executive Vice President since November 2011 and is head of Corporate and Institutional Banking. Prior to joining PNC in October 2011, from May 2010 until October 2011, Mr. Lyons was head of corporate development and strategic planning for Bank of America. Prior to joining Bank of America, from September 2004 to May 2010, Mr. Lyons held various positions at Maverick Capital, most recently as a principal focused on financial institutions investments.

E. William Parsley, III has served as Treasurer and Chief Investment Officer since January 2004. He was appointed Executive Vice President of PNC in February 2009.

Robert Q. Reilly was appointed Chief Financial Officer in August 2013. He served as the head of PNC’s Asset Management Group from 2005 until April 2013. Previously, he held numerous management roles in both Corporate Banking and Asset Management. He was appointed Executive Vice President in February 2009.

Steven Van Wyk joined PNC as Head of Technology and Operations in January 2013. From 2007 until joining PNC, Mr. Van Wyk served as Global Chief Operating Officer for ING. He was appointed Executive Vice President of PNC in February 2013.

Gregory H. Kozich has served as a Senior Vice President and Controller of PNC since 2011. Mr. Kozich joined PNC as Senior Vice President of PNC Bank, N.A. in October 2010. Prior to joining PNC, Mr. Kozich was with Fannie Mae from 2005 until late 2010, most recently serving as its corporate controller.

 

 

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DIRECTORS OF THE REGISTRANT

The name, age and principal occupation of each of our directors as of February 22, 2014 and the year he or she first became a director is set forth below:

   

Richard O. Berndt, 71, Managing Partner of Gallagher, Evelius & Jones LLP (law firm) (2007)

   

Charles E. Bunch, 64, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of PPG Industries, Inc. (coatings, sealants and glass products) (2007)

   

Paul W. Chellgren, 71, Operating Partner, Snow Phipps Group, LLC (private equity) (1995)

   

William S. Demchak, 51, Chief Executive Officer and President of PNC (2013)

   

Andrew T. Feldstein, 49, Co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer of BlueMountain Capital Management, LLC (asset management firm) (2013)

   

Kay Coles James, 64, President and Founder of The Gloucester Institute (non-profit) (2006)

   

Richard B. Kelson, 67, President and Chief Executive Officer, ServCo LLC (strategic sourcing, supply chain management) (2002)

   

Bruce C. Lindsay, 72, Chairman and Managing Member of 2117 Associates, LLC (business consulting firm) (1995)

   

Anthony A. Massaro, 69, Retired Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Lincoln Electric Holdings, Inc. (manufacturer of welding and cutting products) (2002)

   

Jane G. Pepper, 68, Retired President of the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society (non-profit) (1997)

   

James E. Rohr, 65, Executive Chairman of PNC (1990)

   

Donald J. Shepard, 67, Retired Chairman of the Executive Board and Chief Executive Officer of AEGON N.V. (insurance) (2007)

   

Lorene K. Steffes, 68, Independent Business Advisor (executive, business management and technical expertise) (2000)

   

Dennis F. Strigl, 67, Retired President and Chief Operating Officer of Verizon Communications Inc. (telecommunications) (2001)

   

Thomas J. Usher, 71, Non-executive Chairman of Marathon Petroleum Corporation (oil and gas industry) (1992)

   

George H. Walls, Jr., 71, former Chief Deputy Auditor for the State of North Carolina (2006)

   

Helge H. Wehmeier, 71, Retired Vice Chairman of Bayer Corporation (international life sciences, polymers and specialty chemicals) (1992)

PART II

ITEM 5 – MARKET FOR REGISTRANTS COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

(a) (1) Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and is traded under the symbol “PNC.” At the close of business on February 19, 2014, there were 72,415 common shareholders of record.

Holders of PNC common stock are entitled to receive dividends when declared by the Board of Directors out of funds legally available for this purpose. Our Board of Directors may not pay or set apart dividends on the common stock until dividends for all past dividend periods on any series of outstanding preferred stock have been paid or declared and set apart for payment. The Board presently intends to continue the policy of paying quarterly cash dividends. The amount of any future dividends will depend on economic and market conditions, our financial condition and operating results, and other factors, including contractual restrictions and applicable government regulations and policies (such as those relating to the ability of bank and non-bank subsidiaries to pay dividends to the parent company and regulatory capital limitations). The amount of our dividend is also currently subject to the results of the Federal Reserve’s 2014 Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review (CCAR) as part of its supervisory assessment of capital adequacy described under “Supervision and Regulation” in Item 1 of this Report.

The Federal Reserve has the power to prohibit us from paying dividends without its approval. For further information concerning dividend restrictions and restrictions on loans, dividends or advances from bank subsidiaries to the parent company, see “Supervision and Regulation” in Item 1 of this Report, “Capital” in the Consolidated Balance Sheet Review section, “Liquidity Risk Management” in the Risk Management section, and “Trust Preferred Securities and REIT Preferred Securities” in the Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements And Variable Interest Entities section of Item 7 of this Report, and Note 14 Capital Securities of Subsidiary Trusts and Perpetual Trust Securities and Note 22 Regulatory Matters in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report, which we include here by reference.

We include here by reference additional information relating to PNC common stock under the caption “Common Stock Prices/Dividends Declared” in the Statistical Information (Unaudited) section of Item 8 of this Report.

We include here by reference the information regarding our compensation plans under which PNC equity securities are authorized for issuance as of December 31, 2013 in the table (with introductory paragraph and notes) that appears in Item 12 of this Report.

 

 

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Our registrar, stock transfer agent, and dividend disbursing agent is:

Computershare Trust Company, N.A.

250 Royall Street

Canton, MA 02021

800-982-7652

We include here by reference the information that appears under the caption “Common Stock Performance Graph” at the end of this Item 5.

(a) (2) None.
(b) Not applicable.
(c) Details of our repurchases of PNC common stock during the fourth quarter of 2013 are included in the following table:

 

In thousands, except per share data  
2013 period    Total shares
purchased
(a)
     Average
price
paid per
share
     Total shares
purchased as
part of
publicly
announced
programs (b)
   Maximum
number of
shares that
may yet be
purchased
under the
programs (b)
 

October 1 –31

     13      $ 73.09           21,551  

November 1 –30

     9      $ 61.77           21,551  

December 1 –31

     8      $ 64.98             21,551  

Total

     30      $ 67.48                
(a) Includes PNC common stock purchased under the program referred to in note (b) to this table, where applicable, and PNC common stock purchased in connection with our various employee benefit plans. Note 15 Employee Benefit Plans and Note 16 Stock Based Compensation Plans in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report include additional information regarding our employee benefit plans that use PNC common stock.
(b) Our current stock repurchase program allows us to purchase up to 25 million shares on the open market or in privately negotiated transactions. This program was authorized on October 4, 2007 and will remain in effect until fully utilized or until modified, superseded or terminated. The extent and timing of share repurchases under this program will depend on a number of factors including, among others, market and general economic conditions, economic and regulatory capital considerations, alternative uses of capital, the potential impact on our credit ratings, and contractual and regulatory limitations and regulatory review as part of the Federal Reserve’s Comprehensive Capital Analysis Review (CCAR) process. We did not repurchase any common stock under this program during the fourth quarter of 2013.

COMMON STOCK PERFORMANCE GRAPH

This graph shows the cumulative total shareholder return (i.e., price change plus reinvestment of dividends) on our common stock during the five-year period ended December 31, 2013, as compared with: (1) a selected peer group of our competitors, called the “Peer Group;” (2) an overall stock market index, the S&P 500 Index; and (3) a published industry index, the S&P 500 Banks. The yearly points marked on the horizontal axis of the graph correspond to December 31 of that year. The stock performance graph assumes that $100 was invested on January 1, 2009 for the five-year period and that any dividends were reinvested. The table below the graph shows the resultant compound annual growth rate for the performance period.

 

LOGO

 

   

Base

Period

   

Assumes $100 investment at Close of

Market on December 31, 2008

Total Return = Price change plus reinvestment

of dividends

   

5-Year

Compound

Growth

Rate

 
     Dec. 08     Dec. 09     Dec. 10     Dec. 11     Dec. 12     Dec. 13         

PNC

    100       110.26       127.69       123.78       128.32       175.10       11.86%   

S&P 500 Index

    100       126.45       145.49       148.55       172.31       228.10       17.93%   

S&P 500 Banks

    100       93.41       111.95       99.95       123.99       168.29       10.97%   

Peer Group

    100       107.49       109.87       110.00       128.32       175.10       11.86%   

The Peer Group for the preceding chart and table consists of the following companies: BB&T Corporation; Comerica Inc.; Fifth Third Bancorp; KeyCorp; The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc.; SunTrust Banks, Inc.; U.S. Bancorp; Regions Financial Corporation; Wells Fargo & Company; Capital One Financial, Inc.; Bank of America Corporation; M&T Bank; and JP Morgan Chase and Company. This Peer Group was approved for 2013 by the Board’s Personnel and Compensation Committee, which has also approved the same Peer Group for 2014.

Each yearly point for the Peer Group is determined by calculating the cumulative total shareholder return for each company in the Peer Group from December 31, 2008 to December 31 of that year (End of Month Dividend Reinvestment Assumed) and then using the median of these returns as the yearly plot point.

In accordance with the rules of the SEC, this section, captioned “Common Stock Performance Graph,” shall not be incorporated by reference into any of our future filings made under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 or the Securities Act of 1933. The Common Stock Performance Graph, including its accompanying table and footnotes, is not deemed to be soliciting material or to be filed under the Exchange Act or the Securities Act.

 

 

The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. – Form 10-K    27


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ITEM 6 – SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

    Year ended December 31  
Dollars in millions, except per share data   2013 (a)          2012 (a)     2011     2010     2009  

SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS

             

Interest income

  $ 10,007       $ 10,734     $ 10,194     $ 11,150     $ 12,086  

Interest expense

    860         1,094       1,494       1,920       3,003  

Net interest income

    9,147         9,640       8,700       9,230       9,083  

Noninterest income (b)

    6,865         5,872       5,626       5,946       7,145  

Total revenue

    16,012         15,512       14,326       15,176       16,228  

Provision for credit losses

    643         987       1,152       2,502       3,930  

Noninterest expense

    9,801         10,582       9,105       8,613       9,073  

Income from continuing operations before income taxes and noncontrolling interests

    5,568         3,943       4,069       4,061       3,225  

Income taxes

    1,341         942       998       1,037       867  

Income from continuing operations before noncontrolling interests

    4,227         3,001       3,071       3,024       2,358  

Income from discontinued operations (net of income taxes of zero, zero, zero, $338 and $54) (c)

                              373       45  

Net income

    4,227         3,001       3,071       3,397       2,403  

Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests

    7         (12     15       (15     (44

 Preferred stock dividends (d)

    237         177       56       146       388  

 Preferred stock discount accretion and redemptions (d)

    12         4       2       255       56  

Net income attributable to common shareholders (d)

  $ 3,971       $ 2,832     $ 2,998     $ 3,011     $ 2,003  

PER COMMON SHARE

             

Basic earnings

             

Continuing operations

  $ 7.48       $ 5.36     $ 5.70     $ 5.08     $ 4.30  

Discontinued operations (c)

                              .72       .10  

Net income

  $ 7.48       $ 5.36     $ 5.70     $ 5.80     $ 4.40  

Diluted earnings

             

Continuing operations

  $ 7.39       $ 5.30     $ 5.64     $ 5.02     $ 4.26  

Discontinued operations (c)

                              .72       .10  

Net income

  $ 7.39       $ 5.30     $ 5.64     $ 5.74     $ 4.36  

Book value

  $ 72.21       $ 67.05     $ 61.52     $ 56.29     $ 47.68  

Cash dividends declared

  $ 1.72         $ 1.55     $ 1.15     $ .40     $ .96  
(a) Includes the impact of RBC Bank (USA), which we acquired on March 2, 2012.
(b) Amount for 2009 includes recognition of a $1.1 billion pretax gain on our portion of the increase in BlackRock’s equity resulting from the value of BlackRock shares issued in connection with BlackRock’s acquisition of Barclays Global Investors (BGI) on December 1, 2009.
(c) Includes results of operations for PNC Global Investment Servicing Inc. (GIS) through June 30, 2010 and the related after-tax gain on sale. We sold GIS effective July 1, 2010, resulting in a gain of $639 million, or $328 million after taxes, recognized during the third quarter of 2010.
(d) We redeemed the Series N (TARP) Preferred Stock on February 10, 2010. In connection with the redemption, we accelerated the accretion of the remaining issuance discount on the Series N Preferred Stock and recorded a corresponding reduction in retained earnings of $250 million in the first quarter of 2010. This resulted in a noncash reduction in net income attributable to common shareholders and related basic and diluted earnings per share. The Series N Preferred Stock was issued on December 31, 2008.

Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform with the current period presentation, which we believe is more meaningful to readers of our consolidated financial statements.

This Selected Financial Data should be reviewed in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes included in Item 8 of this Report as well as the other disclosure in this Report concerning our historical financial performance, our future prospects and the risks associated with our business and financial performance.

 

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     At or for the year ended December 31  
Dollars in millions, except as noted    2013 (a)          2012 (a)     2011     2010     2009  

BALANCE SHEET HIGHLIGHTS

               

Assets

   $ 320,296        $ 305,107     $ 271,205     $ 264,284     $ 269,863  

Loans (b) (c)

     195,613          185,856       159,014       150,595       157,543  

Allowance for loan and lease losses (b)

     3,609          4,036       4,347       4,887       5,072  

Interest-earning deposits with banks (b) (d)

     12,135          3,984       1,169       1,610       4,488  

Investment securities (b)

     60,294          61,406       60,634       64,262       56,027  

Loans held for sale (c)

     2,255          3,693       2,936       3,492       2,539  

Goodwill and other intangible assets

     11,290          10,869       10,144       10,753       12,909  

Equity investments (b) (e)

     10,664          10,877       10,134       9,220       10,254  

Noninterest-bearing deposits

     70,306          69,980       59,048       50,019       44,384  

Interest-bearing deposits

     150,625          143,162       128,918       133,371       142,538  

Total deposits

     220,931          213,142       187,966       183,390       186,922  

Transaction deposits (f)

     186,391          176,705       147,637       134,654       126,244  

Borrowed funds (b) (c) (g)

     46,105          40,907       36,704       39,488       39,261  

Total shareholders’ equity

     42,408          39,003       34,053       30,242       29,942  

Common shareholders’ equity

     38,467          35,413       32,417       29,596       22,011  

CLIENT ASSETS (billions)

               

Discretionary assets under management

   $ 127        $ 112     $ 107     $ 108     $ 103  

Nondiscretionary assets under management

     120          112       103       104       102  

Total assets under administration

     247          224       210       212       205  

Brokerage account assets (h)

     41          38       34       34       32  

Total client assets

   $ 288        $ 262     $ 244     $ 246     $ 237  

SELECTED RATIOS

               

Net interest margin (i)

     3.57        3.94     3.92     4.14     3.82

Noninterest income to total revenue

     43          38       39       39       44  

Efficiency

     61          68       64       57       56  

Return on

               

Average common shareholders’ equity

     10.88          8.31       9.56       10.88       9.78  

Average assets

     1.38          1.02       1.16       1.28       .87  

Loans to deposits

     89          87       85       82       84  

Dividend payout

     23.0          29.0       20.2       6.8       21.4  

Basel I Tier 1 common

     10.5          9.6       10.3       9.8       6.0  

Basel I Tier 1 risk-based

     12.4          11.6       12.6       12.1       11.4  

Common shareholders’ equity to total assets

     12.0          11.6       12.0       11.2       8.2  

Average common shareholders’ equity to average assets

     11.9          11.5       11.9       10.4       7.2  

SELECTED STATISTICS

               

Employees

     54,433          56,285       51,891       50,769       55,820  

Retail Banking branches

     2,714          2,881       2,511       2,470       2,513  

ATMs

     7,445          7,282       6,806       6,673       6,473  

Residential mortgage servicing portfolio – Serviced for Third Parties (in billions)

   $ 114        $ 119     $ 118     $ 125     $ 145  

Commercial mortgage servicing portfolio (in billions)

   $ 308          $ 282     $ 267     $ 266     $ 287  
(a) Includes the impact of RBC Bank (USA), which we acquired on March 2, 2012.
(b) Amounts include consolidated variable interest entities. See Consolidated Balance Sheet in Item 8 of this Report for additional information.
(c) Amounts include assets and liabilities for which we have elected the fair value option. See Consolidated Balance Sheet in Item 8 of this Report for additional information.
(d) Amounts include balances held with the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland of $11.7 billion, $3.5 billion, $.4 billion, $1.0 billion and $4.1 billion as of December 31, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively.
(e) Amounts include our equity interest in BlackRock.
(f) Represents the sum of interest-bearing money market deposits, interest-bearing demand deposits, and noninterest-bearing deposits.
(g) Includes long-term borrowings of $27.6 billion, $19.3 billion, $20.9 billion, $24.8 billion, and $26.3 billion for 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Borrowings which mature more than one year after December 31, 2013 are considered to be long-term.
(h) Amounts for 2013, 2012, 2011 and 2010 include cash and money market balances.
(i) Calculated as taxable-equivalent net interest income divided by average earning assets. The interest income earned on certain earning assets is completely or partially exempt from federal income tax. As such, these tax-exempt instruments typically yield lower returns than taxable investments. To provide more meaningful comparisons of net interest margins for all earning assets, we use net interest income on a taxable-equivalent basis in calculating net interest margin by increasing the interest income earned on tax-exempt assets to make it fully equivalent to interest income earned on taxable investments. This adjustment is not permitted under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) on the Consolidated Income Statement. The taxable-equivalent adjustments to net interest income for the years 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 and 2009 were $168 million, $144 million, $104 million, $81 million and $65 million, respectively.

 

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ITEM 7 – MANAGEMENTS DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (MD&A)

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

KEY STRATEGIC GOALS

At PNC we manage our company for the long term. We are focused on the fundamentals of growing customers, loans, deposits and fee revenue and improving profitability, while investing for the future and managing risk, expenses and capital. We continue to invest in our products, markets and brand, and embrace our corporate responsibility to the communities where we do business.

We strive to expand and deepen customer relationships by offering a broad range of fee-based and credit products and services. We are focused on delivering those products and services where, when and how our customers want to receive them with the goal of offering insight that reflects their specific needs. Our approach is concentrated on organically growing and deepening client relationships that meet our risk/return measures. Our strategies for growing fee income across our lines of business are focused on achieving deeper market penetration and cross selling our diverse product mix.

Our strategic priorities are designed to enhance value over the long term. A key priority is to drive growth in acquired and underpenetrated markets, including in the Southeast. We are seeking to attract more of the investable assets of new and existing clients. PNC is focused on redefining our retail banking business to a more customer-centric and sustainable model while lowering delivery costs as customer banking preferences evolve. We are working to build a stronger residential mortgage banking business with the goal of becoming the provider of choice for our customers. Additionally, we continue to focus on expense management while bolstering critical infrastructure and streamlining our processes.

Our capital priorities are to support client growth and business investment, maintain appropriate capital in light of economic uncertainty and the Basel III framework and return excess capital to shareholders, in accordance with our capital plan included in our 2014 Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review (CCAR) submission to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve). We continue to improve our capital levels and ratios through retention of quarterly earnings and expect to build capital through retention of future earnings. PNC continues to maintain adequate liquidity positions at both PNC and PNC Bank, National Association (PNC Bank, N.A.). For more detail, see the Capital and Liquidity Actions portion of this Executive Summary, the Funding and Capital Sources portion of the Consolidated Balance Sheet Review section and the Liquidity Risk Management section of this Item 7 and the Supervision and Regulation section in Item 1 Business of this Report.

PNC faces a variety of risks that may impact various aspects of our risk profile from time to time. The extent of such impacts may vary depending on factors such as the current economic, political and regulatory environment, merger and acquisition activity and operational challenges. Many of these risks and our risk management strategies are described in more detail elsewhere in this Report.

RECENT MARKET AND INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENTS

There have been numerous legislative and regulatory developments and dramatic changes in the competitive landscape of our industry over the last several years. The United States and other governments have undertaken major reform of the regulation of the financial services industry, including engaging in new efforts to impose requirements designed to strengthen the stability of the financial system and protect consumers and investors. We expect to face further increased regulation of our industry as a result of current and future initiatives intended to enhance the regulation of financial services companies, the stability of the financial system, the protection of consumers and investors, and the liquidity and solvency of financial institutions and markets. We also expect in many cases more intense scrutiny from our supervisors in the examination process and more aggressive enforcement of regulations on both the federal and state levels. Compliance with new regulations will increase our costs and reduce our revenue. Some new regulations may limit our ability to pursue certain desirable business opportunities.

The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank), enacted in July 2010, mandates the most wide-ranging overhaul of financial industry regulation in decades. Many parts of the law are now in effect, and others are now in the implementation stage, which is likely to continue for several years. Dodd-Frank (through provisions commonly known as the “Volcker Rule”) prohibits banks and their affiliates from engaging in some types of proprietary trading and restricts the ability of banks and their affiliates to sponsor, invest in or have other financial relationships with private equity, hedge and similar funds. In December 2013, the five agencies with authority for rulemaking issued final rules to implement the Volcker Rule. At the same time, the Federal Reserve also issued an order that extended, until July 21, 2015, the date by which banking entities (including PNC) must conform their activities and investments to the limitations and requirements of the final rule. For additional information on the final regulations implementing the Volcker Rule, as well as the potential impact of them on PNC, see the Supervision and Regulation section of Item 1 Business and Item 1A Risk Factors of this Report.

In January 2014, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) requested comment on a proposal that would establish enforceable minimum guidelines governing the design and implementation of an effective risk governance framework at large national banks, including PNC Bank, N.A. The proposal, which builds upon heightened supervisory

 

 

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expectations that the OCC began communicating to large banks in 2010, would establish standards governing, among other things, the roles, responsibilities and organizational structure of the risk management and internal audit functions of large national banks, and the role and responsibilities of a bank’s Board of Directors in overseeing the bank’s risk governance framework. The standards have not been finalized and remain subject to modification. However, if the standards were adopted as proposed, we do not expect that the standards would have a material effect on PNC.

On February 18, 2014, the Federal Reserve adopted final rules to implement enhanced prudential standards relating to liquidity and overall risk management for U.S. bank holding companies with total consolidated assets of $50 billion or more, as required under section 165 of Dodd-Frank. The final rules also implement the provisions of Dodd-Frank that require the Federal Reserve to impose a maximum debt-to-equity ratio on a bank holding company if the Financial Stability Oversight Council determines that, among other things, the company poses a grave threat to the financial stability of the United States. For additional information regarding these final rules, as well as the other enhanced prudential standards that the Federal Reserve is required to establish under section 165 of Dodd-Frank, please see the Supervision and Regulation section of Item 1 Business and Item 1A Risk Factors of this Report.

On July 31, 2013, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia granted summary judgment to the plaintiffs in NACS, et al. v. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. The decision vacated the debit card interchange and network processing rules that went into effect in October 2011 and that were adopted by the Federal Reserve to implement provisions of Dodd-Frank. The court found among other things that the debit card interchange fees permitted under the rules allowed card issuers to recover costs that were not permitted by the statute. The court has stayed its decision pending appeal, and the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit granted an expedited appeal. Briefing has been completed and oral argument was held in January 2014. In light of the appeal we do not now know the ultimate impact of the District Court’s ruling, nor the timing of any such impact if such ruling is affirmed or substantially affirmed on appeal, but if the ruling were to take effect it could have a materially adverse impact on our debit card interchange revenues. Debit card interchange revenue for the year ended December 31, 2013 was approximately $338 million.

For additional information concerning recent legislative and regulatory developments, as well as certain governmental, legislative and regulatory inquiries and investigations that may affect PNC, please see the Supervision and Regulation section of Item 1 Business, Item 1A Risk Factors, and Note 23 Legal Proceedings and Note 24 Commitments and Guarantees in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report.

KEY FACTORS AFFECTING FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE

Our financial performance is substantially affected by a number of external factors outside of our control, including the following:

   

General economic conditions, including the continuity, speed and stamina of the current U.S. economic expansion in general and on our customers in particular,

   

The monetary policy actions and statements of the Federal Reserve and the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC),

   

The level of, and direction, timing and magnitude of movement in, interest rates and the shape of the interest rate yield curve,

   

The functioning and other performance of, and availability of liquidity in, the capital and other financial markets,

   

Loan demand, utilization of credit commitments and standby letters of credit, and asset quality,

   

Customer demand for non-loan products and services,

   

Changes in the competitive and regulatory landscape and in counterparty creditworthiness and performance as the financial services industry restructures in the current environment,

   

The impact of the extensive reforms enacted in the Dodd-Frank legislation and other legislative, regulatory and administrative initiatives and actions, including those outlined elsewhere in this Report and in our other SEC filings, and

   

The impact of market credit spreads on asset valuations.

In addition, our success will depend upon, among other things:

   

Focused execution of strategic priorities for organic customer growth opportunities,

   

Further success in growing profitability through the acquisition and retention of customers and deepening relationships,

   

Driving growth in acquired and underpenetrated geographic markets, including our Southeast markets,

   

Our ability to effectively manage PNC’s balance sheet and generate net interest income,

   

Revenue growth from fee income and our ability to provide innovative and valued products to our customers,

   

Our ability to utilize technology to develop and deliver products and services to our customers and protect PNC’s systems and customer information,

   

Our ability to enhance our critical infrastructure and streamline our core processes,

   

Our ability to manage and implement strategic business objectives within the changing regulatory environment,

   

A sustained focus on expense management,

   

Improving our overall asset quality,

   

Managing the non-strategic assets portfolio and impaired assets,

 

 

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Continuing to maintain and grow our deposit base as a low-cost funding source,

   

Prudent risk and capital management related to our efforts to manage risk to acceptable levels and to meet evolving regulatory capital and liquidity standards,

   

Actions we take within the capital and other financial markets,

   

The impact of legal and regulatory-related contingencies, and

   

The appropriateness of reserves needed for critical accounting estimates and related contingencies.

For additional information, please see the Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Information section in this Item 7 and Item 1A Risk Factors in this Report.

Table 1: Summary Financial Results

 

Year ended December 31   2013     2012  

Net income (millions)

  $ 4,227     $ 3,001  

Diluted earnings per common share from net income

  $ 7.39     $ 5.30  

Return from net income on:

     

Average common shareholders’ equity

    10.88     8.31

Average assets

    1.38     1.02

INCOME STATEMENT HIGHLIGHTS

Our performance in 2013 included the following:

   

Net income for 2013 of $4.2 billion increased 41% compared to 2012. The increase was driven by a 7% reduction of noninterest expense, a 3% increase in revenue and a decline in provision for credit losses. The increase in revenue was driven by higher noninterest income, partially offset by lower net interest income. For additional detail, please see the Consolidated Income Statement Review section in this Item 7.

   

Net interest income of $9.1 billion for 2013 decreased 5% compared with 2012, as a result of a decline in purchase accounting accretion, the impact of lower yields on loans and securities, and the impact of lower securities balances, partially offset by higher loan balances, reflecting commercial and consumer loan growth over the period, and lower rates paid on borrowed funds and deposits.

   

Net interest margin decreased to 3.57% for 2013 compared to 3.94% for 2012, reflecting lower yields on earning assets and lower purchase accounting accretion.

   

Noninterest income of $6.9 billion for 2013 increased $1.0 billion compared to 2012, primarily due to higher residential mortgage revenue, which was driven by improvement in the provision for residential mortgage repurchase obligations, strong client fee income and higher gains on asset valuations, partially offset by lower gains on asset sales.

   

The provision for credit losses decreased to $643 million for 2013 compared to $987 million for 2012 due to continued credit quality improvement, including improvement in our purchased impaired loan portfolio.

   

Noninterest expense of $9.8 billion for 2013 decreased 7% compared with 2012 as we continued to focus on disciplined expense management. The decline included lower noncash charges related to redemption of trust preferred securities and the impact of 2012 integration costs.

CREDIT QUALITY HIGHLIGHTS

   

Overall credit quality continued to improve during 2013.

   

Nonperforming assets decreased $.3 billion, or 9%, to $3.5 billion at December 31, 2013 compared to December 31, 2012. Nonperforming assets to total assets were 1.08% at December 31, 2013, compared to 1.24% at December 31, 2012.

   

Overall delinquencies of $2.5 billion decreased $1.3 billion, or 33%, compared with December 31, 2012.

   

Net charge-offs of $1.1 billion in 2013 were down 16% compared to net charge-offs of $1.3 billion in 2012. Net charge-offs were 0.57% of average loans in 2013 and 0.73% of average loans in 2012.

   

The allowance for loan and lease losses was 1.84% of total loans and 117% of nonperforming loans at December 31, 2013, compared with 2.17% and 124% at December 31, 2012, respectively.

   

The above comparisons to December 31, 2012 were impacted by alignment with interagency guidance in the first quarter of 2013 on practices for loans and lines of credit related to consumer lending. This had the overall effect of (i) accelerating charge-offs, (ii) increasing nonperforming loans and (iii) in the case of loans accounted for under the fair value option, increasing nonaccrual loans. See the Credit Risk Management section of this Item 7 and Note 5 Asset Quality in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report for further detail.

BALANCE SHEET HIGHLIGHTS

   

Total loans increased by $9.8 billion to $196 billion at December 31, 2013 compared to December 31, 2012.

   

Total commercial lending increased by $8.2 billion, or 8%, from December 31, 2012, as a result of growth in commercial loans to new and existing customers.

   

Total consumer lending increased $1.6 billion, or 2%, from December 31, 2012, primarily from growth in automobile and home equity loans, partially offset by paydowns of education loans.

   

Total deposits increased by $7.8 billion to $221 billion at December 31, 2013 compared with December 31, 2012, driven by growth in transaction deposits.

 

 

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PNC enhanced its liquidity position in light of anticipated regulatory requirements as reflected in higher balances of interest-earning deposits with banks and borrowed funds.

   

PNC’s well-positioned balance sheet remained core funded with a loans to deposits ratio of 89% at December 31, 2013.

   

PNC had a strong capital position at December 31, 2013.

   

The Basel I Tier 1 common capital ratio increased to 10.5% compared with 9.6% at December 31, 2012.

   

The pro forma fully phased-in Basel III Tier 1 common capital ratio increased to an estimated 9.4% at December 31, 2013 compared with 7.5% at December 31, 2012. The ratio at December 31, 2013 was calculated using PNC’s estimated risk-weighted assets under the Basel III standardized approach, while the ratio for December 31, 2012 was calculated using PNC’s estimated risk-weighted assets under the Basel III advanced approaches. Our pro forma fully phased-in Basel III Tier 1 common ratio at December 31, 2013 calculated using PNC’s estimated risk-weighted assets under the Basel III advanced approaches was 9.5%. See the Capital discussion and Table 19 in the Consolidated Balance Sheet Review section of this Item 7 for more detail.

Our Consolidated Income Statement and Consolidated Balance Sheet Review sections of this Financial Review describe in greater detail the various items that impacted our results during 2013 and 2012 and balances at December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively.

CAPITAL AND LIQUIDITY ACTIONS

Our ability to take certain capital actions, including plans to pay or increase common stock dividends or to repurchase shares under current or future programs, is subject to the results of the supervisory assessment of capital adequacy undertaken by the Federal Reserve and our primary bank regulators as part of the CCAR process.

In connection with the 2013 CCAR, PNC submitted its 2013 capital plan, approved by its Board of Directors, to the Federal Reserve in January 2013. As we announced on March 14, 2013, the Federal Reserve accepted the capital plan and did not object to our proposed capital actions, which included a recommendation to increase the quarterly common stock dividend in the second quarter of 2013. In April 2013, our Board of Directors approved an increase to PNC’s quarterly common stock dividend from 40 cents per common share to 44 cents per common share. A share repurchase program for 2013 was not included in the capital plan primarily as a result of PNC’s 2012 acquisition of RBC Bank (USA) and expansion into Southeastern markets.

In connection with the 2014 CCAR, PNC submitted its 2014 capital plan, approved by its Board of Directors, to the Federal Reserve in January 2014. PNC expects to receive the Federal Reserve’s response (either a non-objection or objection) to the capital plan submitted as part of the 2014 CCAR in March 2014.

For additional information concerning the CCAR process and the factors the Federal Reserve takes into consideration in evaluating capital plans, see Item 1 Business – Supervision and Regulation.

See the Liquidity Risk Management portion of the Risk Management section of this Item 7 for more detail on our 2013 capital and liquidity actions.

2012 ACQUISITION AND DIVESTITURE ACTIVITY

See Note 2 Acquisition and Divestiture Activity in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report for information regarding our March 2, 2012 RBC Bank (USA) acquisition and other 2012 acquisition and divestiture activity.

 

 

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AVERAGE CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET HIGHLIGHTS

Table 2: Summarized Average Balance Sheet

 

Year ended December 31                 Change  
Dollars in millions   2013     2012     $     %  

Average assets

         

Interest-earning assets

         

Investment securities

  $ 57,319     $ 60,816     $ (3,497     (6 )% 

Loans

    189,973       176,618       13,355       8

Other

    13,353       11,120       2,233       20

Total interest-earning assets

    260,645       248,554       12,091       5

Noninterest-earning assets

    45,121       46,471       (1,350     (3 )% 

Total average assets

  $ 305,766     $ 295,025     $ 10,741       4

Average liabilities and equity

         

Interest-bearing liabilities

         

Interest-bearing deposits

  $ 146,000     $ 139,942     $ 6,058       4

Borrowed funds

    40,022       41,844       (1,822     (4 )% 

Total interest-bearing liabilities

    186,022       181,786       4,236       2

Noninterest-bearing deposits

    66,168       61,610       4,558       7

Other liabilities

    11,202       11,587       (385     (3 )% 

Equity

    42,374       40,042       2,332       6

Total average liabilities and equity

  $ 305,766     $ 295,025     $ 10,741       4

 

Total assets were $320.3 billion at December 31, 2013 compared with $305.1 billion at December 31, 2012. The increase from year end 2012 was primarily due to loan growth and higher interest-earning deposits with banks, partially offset by lower investment securities and a decline in loans held for sale.

Various seasonal and other factors impact our period-end balances, whereas average balances are generally more indicative of underlying business trends apart from the impact of acquisitions and divestitures. The Consolidated Balance Sheet Review section of this Item 7 provides information on changes in selected Consolidated Balance Sheet categories at December 31, 2013 compared with December 31, 2012.

The increase in total average assets in the comparison of 2013 to 2012 was primarily due to an increase in average total loans.

The increase in average loans in 2013 was driven by increases in average commercial loans of $9.4 billion, average consumer loans of $2.4 billion and average commercial real estate loans of $1.4 billion. The overall increase in loans reflected organic loan growth, primarily in our Corporate & Institutional Banking segment.

Loans represented 73% of average interest-earning assets for 2013 and 71% of average interest-earning assets for 2012.

Average investment securities decreased during 2013 compared with 2012 primarily as a result of principal payments, including prepayments and maturities, partially offset by net purchase activity. Total investment securities comprised 22% of average interest-earning assets in 2013 and 24% in 2012.

Average noninterest-earning assets decreased in 2013 compared with 2012, primarily reflecting decreased unsettled securities sales, which are included in noninterest-earning assets for average balance sheet purposes.

Average total deposits increased $10.6 billion in 2013 compared with the prior year, primarily due to an increase of $15.0 billion in average transaction deposits, which grew to $176.9 billion in 2013. Higher average interest-bearing demand deposits, average money market deposits and average noninterest-bearing deposits drove the increase in average transaction deposits. These increases were partially offset by a decrease of $4.3 billion in average retail certificates of deposit attributable to runoff of maturing accounts. Total deposits at December 31, 2013 were $220.9 billion compared with $213.1 billion at December 31, 2012 and are further discussed within the Consolidated Balance Sheet Review section of this Item 7.

Average total deposits represented 69% of average total assets for 2013 and 68% for 2012.

The decrease in average borrowed funds in 2013 compared with 2012 was primarily due to lower average commercial paper, lower average Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB) borrowings and lower average federal funds purchased and repurchase agreements. Total borrowed funds at December 31, 2013 were $46.1 billion compared with $40.9 billion at December 31, 2012 and are further discussed within the Consolidated Balance Sheet Review section of this Item 7. The Liquidity Risk Management portion of the Risk Management section of this Item 7 includes additional information regarding our borrowed funds.

 

 

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BUSINESS SEGMENT HIGHLIGHTS

Total business segment earnings were $4.0 billion in 2013 and $3.4 billion in 2012. The Business Segments Review section of this Item 7 includes further analysis of our business segment results during 2013 and 2012, including presentation differences from Note 26 Segment Reporting in our Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report. Note 26 Segment Reporting presents results of businesses for 2013, 2012 and 2011.

We provide a reconciliation of total business segment earnings to PNC total consolidated net income as reported on a GAAP basis in Note 26 Segment Reporting in our Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report.

Table 3: Results of Businesses – Summary

(Unaudited)

 

Year ended December 31

In millions

  Net Income (Loss)     Revenue     Average Assets (a)  
  2013     2012     2013     2012     2013     2012  

Retail Banking

  $ 550     $ 596     $ 6,100     $ 6,328     $ 74,971     $ 72,573  

Corporate & Institutional Banking

    2,264       2,328       5,506       5,697       112,970       102,962  

Asset Management Group

    162       145       1,040       973       7,366       6,735  

Residential Mortgage Banking

    148       (308     1,100       526       9,896       11,529  

BlackRock

    469       395       621       512       6,272       5,857  

Non-Strategic Assets Portfolio

    379       237       742       843       9,987       12,050  

Total business segments

    3,972       3,393       15,109       14,879       221,462       211,706  

Other (b) (c) (d)

    255       (392     903       633       84,304       83,319  

Total

  $ 4,227     $ 3,001     $ 16,012     $ 15,512     $ 305,766     $ 295,025  

 

(a) Period-end balances for BlackRock.
(b) “Other” average assets include investment securities associated with asset and liability management activities.
(c) “Other” includes differences between the total business segment financial results and our total consolidated net income. Additional detail is included in Note 26 Segment Reporting in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report.
(d) The increase in net income for 2013 compared to 2012 for “Other” primarily reflects lower noncash charges related to redemptions of trust preferred securities in 2013 compared to the prior year, as well as the impact of integration costs recorded in 2012.

 

CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENT REVIEW

Our Consolidated Income Statement is presented in Item 8 of this Report.

Net income for 2013 was $4.2 billion, an increase of 41% compared with $3.0 billion for 2012. The increase was driven by a 7% decline in noninterest expense, a 3% increase in revenue and lower provision for credit losses. The decline in noninterest expense reflected our continued focus on disciplined expense management. Higher revenue in the comparison was driven by improvement in the provision for residential mortgage repurchase obligations, strong client fee income and higher gains on asset valuations, partially offset by lower net interest income and lower gains on asset sales.

NET INTEREST INCOME

Table 4: Net Interest Income and Net Interest Margin

 

     Year ended
December 31
 
Dollars in millions    2013     2012  

Net interest income

   $ 9,147     $ 9,640  

Net interest margin

     3.57     3.94

 

 

Changes in net interest income and margin result from the interaction of the volume and composition of interest-earning assets and related yields, interest-bearing liabilities and related rates paid, and noninterest-bearing sources of funding. See the Statistical Information (Unaudited) – Average Consolidated Balance Sheet And Net Interest Analysis and Analysis Of Year-To-Year Changes in Net Interest Income in Item 8 of this Report and the discussion of purchase accounting accretion of purchased impaired loans in the Consolidated Balance Sheet review in this Item 7 for additional information.

Net interest income decreased by $493 million, or 5%, in 2013 compared with 2012, reflecting a decline in purchase accounting accretion in the comparison, the impact of lower yields on loans and securities, and the impact of lower securities balances. These decreases were partially offset by higher loan balances, reflecting commercial and consumer loan growth over the period, and lower rates paid on borrowed funds and deposits. Total purchase accounting accretion was $.8 billion for 2013 compared to $1.1 billion in 2012.

Net interest margin declined 37 basis points in 2013 compared with 2012 due to lower purchase accounting accretion and lower yields on interest-earning assets, which decreased 48 basis points, partially offset by a decrease in the weighted-average rate paid on total interest-bearing liabilities of 14 basis points.

 

 

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The decrease in the yield on interest-earning assets was primarily due to lower rates on new loans and purchased securities in the ongoing low interest rate environment, as well as the impact of higher levels of interest-earning deposits with banks maintained in light of anticipated regulatory requirements. The decrease in the rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities was primarily due to redemptions of higher-rate bank notes and senior debt and subordinated debt, including the redemption of trust preferred and hybrid capital securities.

With respect to the first quarter of 2014, we expect net interest income to be down modestly compared with the fourth quarter of 2013 reflecting an anticipated continued decline in total purchase accounting accretion and the impact of fewer days in the first quarter somewhat offset by modest loan growth.

For the full year 2014, we expect total purchase accounting accretion to be down approximately $300 million compared with 2013.

NONINTEREST INCOME

Table 5: Noninterest Income

 

Year ended December 31                 Change  
Dollars in millions   2013     2012     $     %  

Noninterest income

         

Asset management

  $ 1,342     $ 1,169     $ 173       15

Consumer services

    1,253       1,136       117       10

Corporate services

    1,210       1,166       44       4

Residential mortgage

    871       284       587       207

Service charges on deposits

    597       573       24       4

Net gains on sales of securities

    99       204       (105     (51 )% 

Net other-than-temporary impairments

    (16     (111     95       (86 )% 

Other

    1,509       1,451       58       4

Total noninterest income

  $ 6,865     $ 5,872     $ 993       17

Noninterest income increased during 2013 compared to 2012 due to higher residential mortgage revenue, which was driven by improvement in the provision for residential mortgage repurchase obligations, strong client fee income and higher gains on asset valuations, partially offset by lower gains on asset sales. Noninterest income as a percentage of total revenue was 43% for 2013, up from 38% for 2012.

Asset management revenue increased in 2013 compared to 2012, driven by higher earnings from our BlackRock investment, stronger average equity markets and strong sales resulting in positive net flows, after adjustments to total net flows for cyclical client activities. Discretionary assets under management increased to $127 billion at December 31, 2013 compared with $112 billion at December 31, 2012.

The increase in consumer service fees in 2013 compared to 2012 was due to growth in brokerage fees and the impact of higher customer-initiated fee based transactions.

Corporate services revenue increased to $1.2 billion in 2013. This increase included the impact of higher valuation gains from rising interest rates on net commercial mortgage servicing rights valuations, which were gains of $68 million in 2013 compared with $31 million for 2012. The increase in corporate services revenue was primarily due to higher net commercial mortgage servicing rights valuations, higher commercial mortgage fees, net of amortization, and higher treasury management fees, partially offset by lower merger and acquisition advisory fees.

Residential mortgage revenue increased to $871 million in 2013 from $284 million in 2012. The increase was driven by improvement in the provision for residential mortgage repurchase obligations, which was a benefit of $53 million in 2013 compared with a provision of $761 million in 2012. The release of reserves in 2013 was largely the result of agreements with two government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs), FHLMC and FNMA, for loans sold into agency securitizations. See the Recourse And Repurchase Obligations section of this Financial Review for further detail. This benefit was partially offset by lower loan sales revenue resulting from an increase in mortgage interest rates which had the effect of reducing gain on sale margins and, to a lesser extent, loan origination volume.

Other noninterest income increased to $1.5 billion in 2013 due to higher revenue associated with private equity investments and commercial mortgage loans held for sale. In addition, the increase reflected higher revenue from credit valuations for customer-related derivatives activities as higher market interest rates reduced the fair value of PNC’s credit exposure on these activities. The impact to 2013 revenue due to these credit valuations was $56 million, while the impact to 2012 revenue was not significant. These increases were partially offset by lower gains on sale of Visa Class B common shares, which were $168 million on the sale of 4 million shares in 2013 compared with gains of $267 million on the sale of 9 million shares in 2012.

We held approximately 10 million Visa Class B common shares with a fair value of approximately $971 million and recorded investment of $158 million as of December 31, 2013.

Other noninterest income typically fluctuates from period to period depending on the nature and magnitude of transactions completed. Further details regarding our customer-related trading activities are included in the Market Risk Management – Customer-Related Trading Risk portion of the Risk Management section of this Item 7. Further details regarding private and other equity investments are included in the Market Risk Management – Equity And Other Investment Risk section, and further details regarding gains or losses related to our equity investment in BlackRock are included in the Business Segments Review section of this Item 7.

 

 

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In the first quarter of 2014, we expect fee income to be lower compared with the fourth quarter of 2013 due to the fourth quarter benefit from the release of reserves for residential mortgage repurchase obligations as well as some seasonal impact on the comparison.

For full year 2014, we expect total revenue to continue to be under pressure and likely to be down compared to 2013 due to an expected $300 million decline in purchase accounting accretion as well as lower expected residential mortgage revenue, partially offset by the impact of our ability to grow loans and sustain growth in our fee-based businesses.

PROVISION FOR CREDIT LOSSES

The provision for credit losses totaled $643 million in 2013 compared with $987 million in 2012. The decrease in provision compared to prior year was the result of continued credit quality improvement, including improvement in our purchased impaired loan portfolio. Increasing value of residential real estate is among the factors contributing to improved credit quality.

We currently expect our provision for credit losses in the first quarter of 2014 to be between $125 million and $200 million, assuming credit quality improvements continue.

The Credit Risk Management portion of the Risk Management section of this Item 7 includes additional information regarding factors impacting the provision for credit losses.

NONINTEREST EXPENSE

Noninterest expense was $9.8 billion for 2013, a decrease of $.8 billion, or 7%, from $10.6 billion for 2012. The decline reflected the impact of 2012 integration costs of $267 million and a reduction in noncash charges related to redemption of trust preferred securities to $57 million in 2013 from $295 million in 2012. Additionally, residential mortgage foreclosure-related expenses declined to $56 million from $225 million in the same comparison. These decreases to noninterest expense were partially offset by the impact of a

full year of operating expense for the March 2012 RBC Bank (USA) acquisition during 2013 compared to 2012.

In the third quarter of 2013, we concluded redemptions of discounted trust preferred securities assumed in our acquisitions. Since the fourth quarter of 2011, we have redeemed a total of $3.2 billion of these higher-rate trust preferred securities, resulting in noncash charges totaling approximately $550 million.

Reflecting our continued focus on disciplined expense management, we exceeded our 2013 continuous improvement cost savings goal of $700 million with cost savings of more than $775 million during 2013. We plan to sustain these efforts in 2014 and have a continuous improvement savings goal of $500 million. Similar to 2013, we expect to offset these savings in 2014 with investments in our infrastructure and diversified businesses, including our Retail Banking transformation, consistent with our strategic priorities.

For the first quarter of 2014, we expect noninterest expense to be down by mid-single digits on a percentage basis compared with the fourth quarter of 2013, and for full year 2014, we expect noninterest expense to be lower compared with 2013, in each case apart from the impact of potential legal and regulatory contingencies. In the first quarter of 2014, we intend to early adopt new accounting guidance regarding low income housing tax credits. As a result, noninterest expense on certain tax credit investments will be reclassified to income tax expense. Due to retrospective application of the accounting change, this reclassification is not expected to have an impact on our expense guidance for the year.

EFFECTIVE INCOME TAX RATE

The effective income tax rate was 24.1% for 2013 compared with 23.9% for 2012.

The effective tax rate is generally lower than the statutory rate primarily due to tax credits PNC receives from our investments in low income housing and new markets investments, as well as earnings in other tax exempt investments.

 

 

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CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET REVIEW

Table 6: Summarized Balance Sheet Data

 

Year ended December 31                  Change  
Dollars in millions    2013     2012     $     %  

Assets

          

Interest-earning deposits with banks

   $ 12,135     $ 3,984     $ 8,151       205%   

Loans held for sale

     2,255       3,693       (1,438     (39)%   

Investment securities

     60,294       61,406       (1,112     (2)%   

Loans

     195,613       185,856       9,757       5%   

Allowance for loan and lease losses

     (3,609     (4,036     427       11%   

Goodwill

     9,074       9,072       2       0%   

Other intangible assets

     2,216       1,797       419       23%   

Other, net

     42,318       43,335       (1,017     (2)%   

Total assets

   $ 320,296     $ 305,107     $ 15,189       5%   

Liabilities

          

Deposits

   $ 220,931     $ 213,142     $ 7,789       4%   

Borrowed funds

     46,105       40,907       5,198       13%   

Other

     9,163       9,293       (130     (1)%   

Total liabilities

     276,199       263,342       12,857       5%   

Equity

          

Total shareholders’ equity

     42,408       39,003       3,405       9%   

Noncontrolling interests

     1,689       2,762       (1,073     (39)%   

Total equity

     44,097       41,765       2,332       6%   

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 320,296     $ 305,107     $ 15,189       5%   

The summarized balance sheet data above is based upon our Consolidated Balance Sheet in Item 8 of this Report.

The increase in total assets was primarily due to loan growth and higher interest-earning deposits with banks, partially offset by lower investment securities and a decline in loans held for sale. The increase in interest-earning deposits with banks was to enhance PNC’s liquidity position in light of anticipated regulatory requirements. Interest-earning deposits with banks included balances held with the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland of $11.7 billion and $3.5 billion at December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively. The increase in liabilities was largely due to growth in deposits and higher Federal Home Loan Bank borrowings and bank notes and senior debt, partially offset by a decline in commercial paper. An analysis of changes in selected balance sheet categories follows.

 

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LOANS

A summary of the major categories of loans outstanding follows. Outstanding loan balances of $195.6 billion at December 31, 2013 and $185.9 billion at December 31, 2012 were net of unearned income, net deferred loan fees, unamortized discounts and premiums, and purchase discounts and premiums totaling $2.1 billion at December 31, 2013 and $2.7 billion at December 31, 2012, respectively. The balances include purchased impaired loans but do not include future accretable net interest (i.e., the difference between the undiscounted expected cash flows and the carrying value of the loan) on those loans.

Table 7: Details Of Loans

 

Year ended December 31                    Change  
Dollars in millions    2013      2012      $     %  

Commercial lending

            

Commercial

            

Retail/wholesale trade

   $ 15,530      $ 14,353      $ 1,177       8%   

Manufacturing

     16,208        14,841        1,367       9%   

Service providers

     13,052        12,606        446       4%   

Real estate related (a)

     10,729        10,616        113       1%   

Financial services

     4,927        4,356        571       13%   

Health care

     8,690        7,763        927       12%   

Other industries

     19,242        18,505        737       4%   

Total commercial (b)

     88,378        83,040        5,338       6%   

Commercial real estate

            

Real estate projects (c)

     13,613        12,347        1,266       10%   

Commercial mortgage

     7,578        6,308        1,270       20%   

Total commercial real estate

     21,191        18,655        2,536       14%   

Equipment lease financing

     7,576        7,247        329       5%   

Total commercial lending (d)

     117,145        108,942        8,203       8%   

Consumer lending

            

Home equity

            

Lines of credit

     21,696        23,576        (1,880     (8)%   

Installment

     14,751        12,344        2,407       19%   

Total home equity

     36,447        35,920        527       1%   

Residential real estate

            

Residential mortgage

     14,418        14,430        (12     –%   

Residential construction

     647        810        (163     (20)%   

Total residential real estate

     15,065        15,240        (175     (1)%   

Credit card

     4,425        4,303        122       3 %   

Other consumer

            

Education

     7,534        8,238        (704     (9)%   

Automobile

     10,827        8,708        2,119       24 %   

Other

     4,170        4,505        (335     (7)%   

Total consumer lending

     78,468        76,914        1,554       2 %   

Total loans

   $ 195,613      $ 185,856      $ 9,757       5 %   
(a) Includes loans to customers in the real estate and construction industries.
(b) During the third quarter of 2013, PNC revised its policy to classify commercial loans initiated through a Special Purpose Entity (SPE) to be reported based upon the industry of the sponsor of the SPE. This resulted in a reclassification of loans amounting to $4.7 billion at December 31, 2012 that were previously classified as Financial Services to other categories within Commercial Lending.
(c) Includes both construction loans and intermediate financing for projects.
(d) Construction loans with interest reserves and A/B Note restructurings are not significant to PNC.

 

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The increase in loans was driven by the increase in commercial lending as a result of growth in commercial and commercial real estate loans, primarily from new customers and organic growth. The increase in consumer lending resulted from growth in automobile loans, partially offset by paydowns of education loans.

Loans represented 61% of total assets at both December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012. Commercial lending represented 60% of the loan portfolio at December 31, 2013 and 59% at December 31, 2012. Consumer lending represented 40% of the loan portfolio at December 31, 2013 and 41% at December 31, 2012.

Commercial real estate loans represented 11% of total loans at December 31, 2013 and 10% at December 31, 2012 and represented 7% of total assets at December 31, 2013 and 6% at December 31, 2012. See the Credit Risk Management portion of the Risk Management section of this Item 7 for additional information regarding our loan portfolio.

Total loans above include purchased impaired loans of $6.1 billion, or 3% of total loans, at December 31, 2013, and $7.4 billion, or 4% of total loans, at December 31, 2012.

Our loan portfolio continued to be diversified among numerous industries, types of businesses and consumers across our principal geographic markets.

ALLOWANCE FOR LOAN AND LEASE LOSSES (ALLL)

Our total ALLL of $3.6 billion at December 31, 2013 consisted of $1.5 billion and $2.1 billion established for the commercial lending and consumer lending categories, respectively. The ALLL included what we believe to be appropriate loss coverage on all loans, including higher risk loans, in the commercial and consumer portfolios. We do not consider government insured or guaranteed loans to be higher risk as defaults have historically been materially mitigated by payments of insurance or guarantee amounts for approved claims. Additional information regarding our higher risk loans is included in the Credit Risk Management portion of the Risk Management section of this Item 7 and Note 5 Asset Quality and Note 7 Allowances for Loan and Lease Losses and Unfunded Loan Commitments and Letters of Credit in our Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of this Report.

PURCHASE ACCOUNTING ACCRETION AND VALUATION OF PURCHASED IMPAIRED LOANS

Information related to purchase accounting accretion and accretable yield for 2013 and 2012 follows. Additional information is provided in Note 6 Purchased Loans in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements of this Report.

Table 8: Accretion – Purchased Impaired Loans

 

In millions    2013     2012  

Accretion on purchased impaired loans

      

Scheduled accretion

   $ 580     $ 671  

Reversal of contractual interest on impaired loans

     (314     (404

Scheduled accretion net of contractual interest

     266       267  

Excess cash recoveries

     115       157  

Total

   $ 381     $ 424  

Table 9: Purchased Impaired Loans – Accretable Yield

 

In millions    2013     2012  

January 1

   $ 2,166     $ 2,109  

Addition of accretable yield due to RBC Bank (USA) acquisition on March 2, 2012

       587  

Scheduled accretion

     (580     (671

Excess cash recoveries

     (115     (157

Net reclassifications to accretable from non-accretable and other activity (a)

     584       298  

December 31 (b)

   $ 2,055     $ 2,166  
(a) Approximately 63% of the net reclassifications for the year were within the consumer portfolio primarily due to increases in the expected average life of residential and home equity loans. The remaining net reclassifications were predominantly due to future cash flow improvements within the commercial portfolio.
(b) As of December 31, 2013, we estimate that the reversal of contractual interest on purchased impaired loans will total approximately $1.1 billion in future periods. This will offset the total net accretable interest in future interest income of $2.1 billion on purchased impaired loans.
 

 

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Information related to the valuation of purchased impaired loans at December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012 follows.

Table 10: Valuation of Purchased Impaired Loans

 

     December 31, 2013     December 31, 2012  
Dollars in millions    Balance     Net
Investment
    Balance     Net
Investment
 

Commercial and commercial real estate loans:

          

Outstanding balance

   $ 937       $ 1,680      

Purchased impaired mark

     (264       (431    
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

Recorded investment

     673         1,249      

Allowance for loan losses

     (133       (239    
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

Net investment

     540       58     1,010       60
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

Consumer and residential mortgage loans:

          

Outstanding balance

     5,548         6,639      

Purchased impaired mark

     (115       (482    
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

Recorded investment

     5,433         6,157      

Allowance for loan losses

     (871       (858    
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

Net investment

     4,562       82     5,299       80
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

Total purchased impaired loans:

          

Outstanding balance

     6,485         8,319      

Purchased impaired mark

     (379       (913    
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

Recorded investment

     6,106         7,406      

Allowance for loan losses

     (1,004       (1,097    
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

Net investment

   $ 5,102       79   $ 6,309       76

 

The outstanding balance of purchased impaired loans decreased to $6.5 billion at December 31, 2013 from $8.3 billion at December 31, 2012 due to payments, disposals and charge-offs of amounts determined to be uncollectible. The remaining purchased impaired mark at December 31, 2013 was $379 million, which was a decrease from $913 million at December 31, 2012. The associated allowance for loan losses decreased slightly by $.1 billion to $1.0 billion at December 31, 2013. The net investment of $5.1 billion at December 31, 2013 decreased $1.2 billion from $6.3 billion at December 31, 2012. At December 31, 2013, our largest individual purchased impaired loan had a recorded investment of $18 million.

We currently expect to collect total cash flows of $7.2 billion on purchased impaired loans, representing the $5.1 billion net investment at December 31, 2013 and the accretable net interest of $2.1 billion shown in Table 9.

WEIGHTED AVERAGE LIFE OF THE PURCHASED IMPAIRED PORTFOLIOS

The table below provides the weighted average life (WAL) for each of the purchased impaired portfolios as of December 31, 2013.

Table 11: Weighted Average Life of the Purchased Impaired Portfolios

 

As of December 31, 2013        
In millions    Recorded Investment      WAL (a)  

Commercial

   $ 157        2.0 years   

Commercial real estate

     516        1.8 years   

Consumer (b) (c)

     2,312        4.3 years   

Residential real estate

     3,121        5.1 years   

Total

   $ 6,106        4.4 years   
(a) Weighted average life represents the average number of years for which each dollar of unpaid principal remains outstanding.
(b) Portfolio primarily consists of nonrevolving home equity products.
(c) In 2013, the weighted average life of the purchased impaired consumer portfolio increased, primarily driven by residential real estate and home equity loans. Increasing a portfolio’s weighted average life will result in more interest income being recognized on purchased impaired loans in future periods.
 

 

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PURCHASED IMPAIRED LOANS – ACCRETABLE DIFFERENCE SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS

The following table provides a sensitivity analysis on the Purchased Impaired Loans portfolio. The analysis reflects hypothetical changes in key drivers for expected cash flows over the life of the loans under declining and improving conditions at a point in time. Any unusual significant economic events or changes, as well as other variables not considered below (e.g., natural or widespread disasters), could result in impacts outside of the ranges represented below. Additionally, commercial and commercial real estate loan settlements or sales proceeds can vary widely from appraised values due to a number of factors including, but not limited to, special use considerations, liquidity premiums and improvements/deterioration in other income sources.

Table 12: Accretable Difference Sensitivity – Total Purchased Impaired Loans

 

In billions    December 31,
2013
    Declining
Scenario (a)
    Improving
Scenario (b)
 

Expected Cash Flows

   $ 7.2     $ (.2   $ .3  

Accretable Difference

     2.1       (.1     .1  

Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses

     (1.0     (.2     .3  
(a) Declining Scenario – Reflects hypothetical changes that would decrease future cash flow expectations. For consumer loans, we assume home price forecast decreases by ten percent and unemployment rate forecast increases by two percentage points; for commercial loans, we assume that collateral values decrease by ten percent.
(b) Improving Scenario – Reflects hypothetical changes that would increase future cash flow expectations. For consumer loans, we assume home price forecast increases by ten percent, unemployment rate forecast decreases by two percentage points and interest rate forecast increases by two percentage points; for commercial loans, we assume that collateral values increase by ten percent.

The present value impact of declining cash flows is primarily reflected as immediate impairment charge to the provision for credit losses, resulting in an increase to the allowance for loan and lease losses. The present value impact of increased cash flows is first recognized as a reversal of the allowance with any additional cash flow increases reflected as an increase in accretable yield over the life of the loan.

NET UNFUNDED CREDIT COMMITMENTS

Net unfunded credit commitments are comprised of the following:

Table 13: Net Unfunded Credit Commitments

 

In millions    December 31
2013
     December 31
2012
 

Total commercial lending (a)

   $ 90,104      $ 78,703  

Home equity lines of credit

     18,754        19,814  

Credit card

     16,746        17,381  

Other

     4,266        4,694  

Total

   $ 129,870      $ 120,592  
(a) Less than 5% of net unfunded credit commitments relate to commercial real estate at each date.

Commitments to extend credit represent arrangements to lend funds or provide liquidity subject to specified contractual conditions. Commercial commitments reported above exclude syndications, assignments and participations, primarily to financial institutions, totaling $25.0 billion at December 31, 2013 and $22.5 billion at December 31, 2012.

Unfunded liquidity facility commitments and standby bond purchase agreements totaled $1.3 billion at December 31, 2013 and $1.4 billion at December 31, 2012 and are included in the preceding table, primarily within the Total commercial lending category.

In addition to the credit commitments set forth in the table above, our net outstanding standby letters of credit totaled $10.5 billion at December 31, 2013 and $11.5 billion at December 31, 2012. Standby letters of credit commit us to make payments on behalf of our customers if specified future events occur.

Information regarding our Allowance for unfunded loan commitments and letters of credit is included in Note 7 Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses and Unfunded Loan Commitments and Letters of Credit in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report.

 

 

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INVESTMENT SECURITIES

The following table presents the distribution of our investment securities portfolio. We have included credit ratings information because the information is an indicator of the degree of credit risk to which we are exposed. Changes in credit ratings classifications could indicate increased or decreased credit risk and could be accompanied by a reduction or increase in the fair value of our investment securities portfolio.

Table 14: Investment Securities

 

     December 31, 2013      December 31, 2012      Ratings (a)  
Dollars in millions    Amortized Cost      Fair
Value
     Amortized Cost      Fair
Value
     AAA/AA     A     BBB     BB
and
Lower
    No
Rating
 

U.S. Treasury and government agencies

   $ 4,229      $ 4,361      $ 3,098      $ 3,390        100          

Agency residential mortgage-backed

     28,483        28,652        30,224        31,366        100            

Non-agency residential mortgage-backed

     5,750        5,894        6,102        6,107        10       1     3     82     4

Agency commercial mortgage-backed

     1,883        1,946        1,889        2,007        100            

Non-agency commercial mortgage-backed (b)

     5,624        5,744        5,637        5,931        72       10       10       3       5  

Asset-backed (c)

     6,763        6,773        6,525        6,516        90       1         8       1  

State and municipal

     3,664        3,678        2,861        3,012        84       13         1       2  

Other debt

     2,845        2,891        3,098        3,216        74       19       7        

Corporate stock and other

     434        433        367