10-Q 1 bac-6302013x10q.htm 10-Q BAC-6.30.2013-10Q


 
 
 
 
 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
[ü] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended June 30, 2013
or
[   ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from          to
Commission file number:
1-6523
Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter:
Bank of America Corporation
State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization:
Delaware
IRS Employer Identification Number:
56-0906609
Address of Principal Executive Offices:
Bank of America Corporate Center
100 N. Tryon Street
Charlotte, North Carolina 28255
Registrant's telephone number, including area code:
(704) 386-5681
Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report:
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes ü     No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes ü     No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (check one).
Large accelerated filer ü
 
Accelerated filer
 
Non-accelerated filer
(do not check if a smaller
reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2).
Yes     No ü
On July 31, 2013, there were 10,743,127,450 shares of Bank of America Corporation Common Stock outstanding.
 
 
 
 
 

                


Bank of America Corporation
 
June 30, 2013
 
Form 10-Q
 
 
 
INDEX
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

1


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


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Item 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

This report on Form 10-Q, the documents that it incorporates by reference and the documents into which it may be incorporated by reference may contain, and from time to time Bank of America Corporation (collectively with its subsidiaries, the Corporation) and its management may make certain statements that constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Forward-looking statements often use words such as "expects," "anticipates," "believes," "estimates," "targets," "intends," "plans," "goal" and other similar expressions or future or conditional verbs such as "will," "may," "might," "should," "would" and "could." The forward-looking statements made represent the current expectations, plans or forecasts of the Corporation regarding the Corporation's future results and revenues, and future business and economic conditions more generally, including statements concerning: expectations regarding European and certain Asian economies; the expectation that, if the pace of improvement in the economy continues, there will be reductions in the allowance for credit losses; expected levels of net charge-offs; expectations regarding the impact of interest rate increases on future net interest income, accumulated OCI and mortgage loan originations; expectations regarding the anticipated transfers of mortgage servicing rights; expectations regarding planned actions pursuant to the Corporation's capital plan; the expectation that borrower assistance programs will not result in any incremental credit provision and that the existing allowance for credit losses is adequate to absorb any costs that have not already been recorded as charge-offs; expectations of achieving cost savings as a result of Project New BAC of $8 billion per year on an annualized basis, or $2 billion per quarter, by mid-2015, with $1.5 billion in quarterly cost savings achieved by the fourth quarter of 2013; expectations regarding the impact of U.K. corporate income tax rate reductions on the Corporation's income tax expense and regulatory capital ratios; expectations that, in the fourth quarter of 2013, noninterest expense in Legacy Assets & Servicing (excluding litigation expense) will be below $2.0 billion and the number of 60 days or more past due residential mortgage loans in the Legacy and Non-Legacy Mortgage Serviced Portfolios will decline below 375,000; the expectation that unresolved repurchase claims related to private-label securitizations will continue to increase; the resolution of representation and warranties repurchase and other claims; the possibility of additional settlements in the future; the belief that there will likely be additional requests for loan files in the future leading to repurchase claims; the possibility that the Corporation may purchase common stock and outstanding debt securities depending on prevailing market conditions, liquidity and other factors; beliefs and expectations concerning the impact of the National Mortgage Settlement, including the impact of uniform servicing standards; predictions concerning the impact of possible foreclosure delays; the possibility that the Corporation will need to register additional entities as swap dealers and major swap participants; the possibility that the Corporation will be required to restructure certain businesses as a result of final derivatives regulations that impose additional operational and compliance costs; expectations regarding the planned merger of certain pension plans, including its effect on the Corporation's regulatory capital; expectations regarding capital requirements under proposed regulatory rulemaking, including the approved final Basel 3 rules, which have not yet been published in the Federal Register, and the possibility of capital distribution-related impacts of these requirements on the Corporation; expectations that the Corporation will meet proposed Basel 3 liquidity standards within the regulatory timelines; the expectation that, if the Corporation's analytical models for capital measurement under Basel 3 are not approved by the U.S. regulatory agencies, it would likely lead to an increase in the Corporation's risk-weighted assets, which in some cases could be significant; expectations regarding benefits to be obtained from the Corporation's centralized funding strategy; estimates concerning the Corporation's additional capital requirements as a global systemically important financial institution; beliefs that default-related servicing costs peaked in late 2012 and will continue to decline in 2013; expectations regarding preferred stock dividends; the Corporation's belief that it can quickly obtain cash for certain securities, even in stressed market conditions, through repurchase agreements or outright sales; the Corporation's belief that a portion of structured liability obligations will remain outstanding beyond the earliest put or redemption date; the Corporation's anticipation that debt levels will decline due to maturities through 2013; the estimation that lifetime losses on loans originated after 2008 will be significantly less than the losses experienced with respect to vintages prior to 2009; expectations regarding loans in the pay option portfolio; the possibility that the Corporation may add credit exposure within an industry, borrower or counterparty group by selling protection; effects of the ongoing debt crisis in certain European countries, including the expectation of continued market volatility, the expectation that the Corporation will continue to support client activities in the region and that exposures may vary over time as the Corporation monitors the situation and manages its risk profile; the expectation that net losses on derivative instruments that qualify as cash flow hedges will be reclassified into earnings during the next 12 months; the possibility that the Corporation may hedge debt securities with risk management derivatives; the expectation that the maximum potential exposure for chargebacks would not exceed the total amount of merchant transactions processed through Visa, MasterCard and Discover for the last six months; expectations regarding the Corporation's contributions to pension plans; and other matters relating to the Corporation and the securities that it may offer from time to time or steps it may take to manage the risk of these securities. The foregoing is not an exclusive list of all forward-looking statements the Corporation makes. These statements are not guarantees of future results or performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict and are often beyond the Corporation's control. Actual outcomes and results may differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, any of these forward-looking statements.

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You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statement and should consider the following uncertainties and risks, as well as the risks and uncertainties more fully discussed elsewhere in this report, under Item 1A. Risk Factors of the Corporation's 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K, and in any of the Corporation's subsequent Securities and Exchange Commission filings: the Corporation's ability to resolve representations and warranties repurchase claims made by monolines and private-label and other investors, including as a result of any adverse court rulings, and the chance that the Corporation could face related servicing, securities, fraud, indemnity or other claims from one or more of the government-sponsored enterprises, monolines or private-label and other investors; the possibility that future representations and warranties losses may occur in excess of the Corporation's recorded liability and estimated range of possible loss for its representations and warranties exposures; the possibility that the Corporation may not collect mortgage insurance claims; the possible impact of a future FASB standard on accounting for credit losses; uncertainties about the financial stability of several countries in the EU, the risk that those countries may default on their sovereign debt or exit the EU and related stresses on financial markets, the Euro and the EU and the Corporation's exposures to such risks, including direct, indirect and operational; the possibility of future inquiries or investigations regarding pending or completed foreclosure activities; the negative impact of the Financial Reform Act on the Corporation's businesses and earnings, including as a result of additional regulatory interpretation and rulemaking and the success of the Corporation's actions to mitigate such impacts; the potential impact on debit card interchange fee revenue in connection with the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia's ruling on July 31, 2013 regarding the Federal Reserve's rules implementing the Financial Reform Act's Durbin Amendment; adverse changes to the Corporation's credit ratings from the major credit rating agencies; estimates of the fair value of certain of the Corporation's assets and liabilities; the possibility that the European Commission will impose remedial measures in relation to its investigation of the Corporation's competitive practices; the impact of continued refund payments to customers and potential regulatory enforcement action relating to optional identity theft protection services; the impact of potential regulatory enforcement action relating to certain optional credit card debt cancellation products; unexpected claims, damages and fines resulting from pending or future litigation and regulatory proceedings; the Corporation's ability to fully realize the cost savings and other anticipated benefits from Project New BAC, including in accordance with currently anticipated timeframes; the impact on the Corporation's business, financial condition and results of operations of a potential higher interest rate environment; and other similar matters.

Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and the Corporation undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect the impact of circumstances or events that arise after the date the forward-looking statement was made.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements referred to in the Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A) are incorporated by reference into the MD&A. Certain prior-period amounts have been reclassified to conform to current period presentation. Throughout the MD&A, the Corporation uses certain acronyms and abbreviations which are defined in the Glossary.

Executive Summary
 
Business Overview

The Corporation is a Delaware corporation, a bank holding company and a financial holding company. When used in this report, "the Corporation" may refer to Bank of America Corporation individually, Bank of America Corporation and its subsidiaries, or certain of Bank of America Corporation's subsidiaries or affiliates. Our principal executive offices are located in Charlotte, North Carolina. Through our banking and various nonbanking subsidiaries throughout the U.S. and in international markets, we provide a diversified range of banking and nonbanking financial services and products through five business segments: Consumer & Business Banking (CBB), Consumer Real Estate Services (CRES), Global Banking, Global Markets and Global Wealth & Investment Management (GWIM), with the remaining operations recorded in All Other. We operate our banking activities primarily under two national bank charters: Bank of America, National Association (Bank of America, N.A. or BANA) and FIA Card Services, National Association (FIA Card Services, N.A. or FIA). At June 30, 2013, the Corporation had approximately $2.1 trillion in assets and approximately 257,000 full-time equivalent employees.

As of June 30, 2013, we operated in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and more than 40 countries. Our retail banking footprint covers approximately 80 percent of the U.S. population and we serve approximately 51 million consumer and small business relationships with approximately 5,300 banking centers, 16,350 ATMs, nationwide call centers, and leading online and mobile banking platforms. We offer industry-leading support to more than three million small business owners. We are a global leader in corporate and investment banking and trading across a broad range of asset classes serving corporations, governments, institutions and individuals around the world.


4


Table 1 provides selected consolidated financial data for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, and at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012.

Table 1
Selected Financial Data
 
Three Months Ended June 30
 
Six Months Ended June 30
(Dollars in millions, except per share information)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Income statement
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue, net of interest expense (FTE basis) (1)
$
22,949

 
$
22,202

 
$
46,357

 
$
44,687

Net income
4,012

 
2,463

 
5,495

 
3,116

Diluted earnings per common share
0.32

 
0.19

 
0.42

 
0.22

Dividends paid per common share
0.01

 
0.01

 
0.02

 
0.02

Performance ratios
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
Return on average assets
0.74
%
 
0.45
%
 
0.50
%
 
0.29
%
Return on average tangible shareholders' equity (1)
9.98

 
6.16

 
6.84

 
3.94

Efficiency ratio (FTE basis) (1)
69.80

 
76.79

 
76.62

 
80.98

Asset quality
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
Allowance for loan and lease losses at period end
 
 
 
 
$
21,235

 
$
30,288

Allowance for loan and lease losses as a percentage of total loans and leases outstanding at period end (2)
 
 
 
 
2.33
%
 
3.43
%
Nonperforming loans, leases and foreclosed properties at period end (2)
 
 
 
 
$
21,280

 
$
25,377

Net charge-offs (3)
$
2,111

 
$
3,626

 
4,628

 
7,682

Annualized net charge-offs as a percentage of average loans and leases outstanding (2, 3)
0.94
%
 
1.64
%
 
1.04
%
 
1.72
%
Annualized net charge-offs as a percentage of average loans and leases outstanding, excluding the purchased credit-impaired loan portfolio (2)
0.97

 
1.69

 
1.07

 
1.78

Annualized net charge-offs and purchased credit-impaired write-offs as a percentage of average loans and leases outstanding (2, 4)
1.07

 
1.64

 
1.29

 
1.72

Ratio of the allowance for loan and lease losses at period end to annualized
net charge-offs (3)
2.51

 
2.08

 
2.28

 
1.96

Ratio of the allowance for loan and lease losses at period end to annualized net charge-offs, excluding the purchased credit-impaired loan portfolio
2.04

 
1.46

 
1.85

 
1.38

Ratio of the allowance for loan and lease losses at period end to annualized net charge-offs and purchased credit-impaired write-offs (4)
2.18

 
2.08

 
1.82

 
1.96

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
June 30
2013
 
December 31
2012
Balance sheet
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total loans and leases
 
 
 
 
$
921,570

 
$
907,819

Total assets
 
 
 
 
2,123,320

 
2,209,974

Total deposits
 
 
 
 
1,080,783

 
1,105,261

Total common shareholders' equity
 
 
 
 
216,791

 
218,188

Total shareholders' equity
 
 
 
 
231,032

 
236,956

Capital ratios (5)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tier 1 common capital
 
 
 
 
10.83
%
 
11.06
%
Tier 1 capital
 
 
 
 
12.16

 
12.89

Total capital
 
 
 
 
15.27

 
16.31

Tier 1 leverage
 
 
 
 
7.49

 
7.37

(1) 
Fully taxable-equivalent (FTE) basis, return on average tangible shareholders' equity and the efficiency ratio are non-GAAP financial measures. Other companies may define or calculate these measures differently. For more information on these measures and ratios, and a corresponding reconciliation to GAAP financial measures, see Supplemental Financial Data on page 18.
(2) 
Balances and ratios do not include loans accounted for under the fair value option. For additional exclusions from nonperforming loans, leases and foreclosed properties, see Consumer Portfolio Credit Risk Management – Nonperforming Consumer Loans, Leases and Foreclosed Properties Activity on page 101 and corresponding Table 41, and Commercial Portfolio Credit Risk Management – Nonperforming Commercial Loans, Leases and Foreclosed Properties Activity on page 110 and corresponding Table 50.
(3) 
Net charge-offs exclude $313 million and $1.2 billion of write-offs in the purchased credit-impaired loan portfolio for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013. These write-offs decreased the purchased credit-impaired valuation allowance included as part of the allowance for loan and lease losses. For more information on purchased credit-impaired write-offs, see Consumer Portfolio Credit Risk Management – Purchased Credit-impaired Loan Portfolio on page 95.
(4) 
There were no write-offs of purchased credit-impaired loans in the three and six months ended June 30, 2012.
(5) 
Presents capital ratios in accordance with the Basel 1 – 2013 Rules, which includes the Market Risk Final Rule at June 30, 2013. Basel 1 did not include the Basel 1 – 2013 Rules at December 31, 2012.

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Second Quarter 2013 Economic and Business Environment

In the U.S., economic growth continued but at a restrained pace in the second quarter of 2013 as the housing sector continued to show signs of further improvement, coupled with modest growth in consumer and business spending. However, the economy was adversely affected by the continued impact of lower federal government expenditures. Employment gains were moderate during the quarter, with little change in the unemployment rate. Measures of core inflation also fell during the second quarter of 2013, with core personal consumption deflator ending the quarter near one percent on an annual basis, well below the longer-term inflation target of two percent set by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve).

The Federal Reserve continued its $40 billion in monthly purchases of agency mortgage-backed securities (MBS) and $45 billion in monthly purchases of long-term U.S. Treasury securities and maintained its forward guidance on interest rates expressed in terms of economic thresholds, which began in December 2012. Sequestration became effective on March 1, 2013, which restrained federal expenditures during the second quarter, and remained in effect at quarter-end. Despite remaining fiscal uncertainties and international economic difficulties, U.S. equities posted modest gains at the end of the second quarter. After the Federal Reserve's announcement on June 19, 2013, there was considerable market concern around potential tapering of the bond buying program. This resulted in a rise in long-term U.S. Treasury yields as the yield curve steepened during the second quarter and volatility in interest rate markets increased, which led to an extensive market sell off for interest rate sensitive products including, for example, municipal bonds and MBS.

Most European economies continued to contract during the quarter but at a diminishing pace with forward-looking indicators favoring a resumption of growth later in the year. Despite uncertainty ahead of upcoming German elections and continued political uncertainty in Greece, the Eurozone continued to demonstrate a reduced level of financial anxiety. Japan's economy continued to demonstrate signs of economic improvement, although uncertainties remain as to whether the impacts of a depreciating Yen could be sustained with the implementation of longer-term reforms. China's economic growth has slowed as the present leadership clarified a greater emphasis on other objectives such as financial reform, which has slowed the credit markets, therefore posing a risk of slowdown for bordering economies. For more information on our international exposure, see Non-U.S. Portfolio on page 116.

Recent Events

Common Stock Repurchases and Liability Management Actions

As disclosed in prior filings, the capital plan that the Corporation submitted to the Federal Reserve in January 2013 as part of our 2013 Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review project (CCAR), and to which the Federal Reserve did not object, included a request to repurchase up to $5.0 billion of common stock and redeem $5.5 billion in preferred stock over four quarters with both beginning in the second quarter of 2013, and a continuation of the quarterly common stock dividend at $0.01 per share. In the second quarter, we repurchased and retired 79.6 million common shares for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $1.0 billion and redeemed our Series H and 8 preferred stock for $5.5 billion.

In addition to the CCAR actions, during the three months ended June 30, 2013, we redeemed $76 million of Noncumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series 6 and 7 and issued approximately $1.0 billion of Fixed-to-Floating Rate Non-Cumulative Semi-annual Preferred Stock, Series U (the Series U Preferred Stock). On August 1, 2013, we redeemed $951 million of the Corporation's 7.25% Non-Cumulative Preferred Stock, Series J (the Series J Preferred Stock). For additional information, see Capital Management – Regulatory Capital on page 70 and Note 12 – Shareholders' Equity to the Consolidated Financial Statements.


6


Final Basel 3 Rules and Proposed Supplementary Leverage Ratio

In July 2013, U.S. banking regulators approved the final Basel 3 rules (Basel 3). While not yet published in the Federal Register, Basel 3 will be effective January 1, 2014. Various aspects of Basel 3 will be subject to multi-year transition periods ending December 31, 2018 and Basel 3 generally continues to be subject to further evaluation and interpretation by the U.S. banking regulators. Basel 3 will materially change our Tier 1 common, Tier 1 and Total capital calculations. Basel 3 introduces new minimum capital ratios and buffer requirements, changes the composition of regulatory capital, expands and modifies the calculation of risk-weighted assets for credit and market risk (the Advanced Approach), revises the adequately capitalized minimum requirements under the Prompt Corrective Action framework and introduces, effective January 1, 2015, a Standardized Approach for the calculation of risk-weighted assets, which will replace the Basel 1 – 2013 Rules. Under Basel 3, we will be required to calculate regulatory capital ratios and risk-weighted assets under both the Standardized and Advanced Approaches. The approach that yields the lower ratio is to be used to assess capital adequacy including under the Prompt Corrective Action framework. The Prompt Corrective Action framework establishes categories of capitalization, including "well-capitalized," based on regulatory ratio requirements. U.S. banking regulators are required to take certain mandatory actions depending on the category of capitalization, with no mandatory actions required for "well-capitalized" banking entities. We continue to evaluate the impact of both the Standardized and Advanced Approaches on us. The Basel 3 Advanced Approach requires approval by the U.S. regulatory agencies of analytical models used as part of capital measurement. If these models are not approved, it would likely lead to an increase in our risk-weighted assets, which in some cases could be significant.

In addition, in July 2013, the U.S. banking regulators also proposed changes to the capital ratio requirements that would be effective beginning in 2018. Under the proposed rule, the largest bank holding companies (BHCs), including the Corporation, would be required to maintain a minimum supplementary leverage ratio of three percent, plus a supplementary leverage buffer of two percent, for a total of five percent. If the Corporation does not maintain the supplementary leverage buffer at a level greater than or equal to two percent, it would be subject to limitations on returning capital distributions to its shareholders, whether through dividends, stock repurchases or otherwise. The proposed rule would also require insured depository institutions of such BHCs, which for the Corporation would include primarily BANA and FIA, to have a six percent supplementary leverage ratio to be considered "well capitalized.” The proposal is not yet final and, when finalized, could have provisions significantly different from those currently proposed. For additional information, see Capital Management – Regulatory Capital on page 72.

Impact of U.K. Corporate Income Tax Rate Reduction

On July 17, 2013, the United Kingdom (U.K.) 2013 Finance Bill was enacted, which reduced the U.K. corporate income tax rate by three percent to 20 percent. Two percent of the reduction will become effective on April 1, 2014 and the additional one percent reduction on April 1, 2015. These reductions will favorably affect income tax expense on future U.K. earnings but also require the Corporation to remeasure, in the period of enactment, its U.K. net deferred tax assets using the lower tax rates. As a result, in the three months ending September 30, 2013, the Corporation will record a charge to income tax expense of approximately $1.1 billion in aggregate for these reductions. Because our deferred tax assets in excess of a certain amount are disallowed in calculating regulatory capital, this charge will not impact our capital ratios. For additional information, see Note 21 – Subsequent Event to the Consolidated Financial Statements.


7


MBIA Settlement

On May 7, 2013, we entered into a comprehensive settlement with MBIA Inc. and certain of its affiliates (MBIA) to resolve all outstanding litigation between the parties, as well as other claims between the parties, including outstanding and potential claims from MBIA related to alleged representations and warranties breaches and other claims involving certain first- and second-lien residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBS) trusts for which MBIA provided financial guarantee insurance, certain of which claims were the subject of litigation (MBIA Settlement). Under the MBIA Settlement, all pending litigation between the parties was dismissed and each party received a global release of those claims.

Under the MBIA Settlement, all pending litigation between the parties was dismissed and each party received a global release of those claims. The Corporation made a settlement payment to MBIA of $1.565 billion in cash and transferred to MBIA approximately $95 million in fair market value of notes issued by MBIA and previously held by the Corporation. The Corporation was fully reserved at March 31, 2013 for the MBIA Settlement. In addition, MBIA issued to the Corporation warrants to purchase up to approximately 4.9 percent of MBIA's currently outstanding common stock, at an exercise price of $9.59 per share, which may be exercised at any time prior to May 2018. In addition, the Corporation provided a senior secured $500 million credit facility to an affiliate of MBIA.

The parties also terminated various credit default swaps (CDS) transactions entered into between the Corporation and an MBIA-affiliate, LaCrosse Financial Products, LLC, and guaranteed by MBIA, which constituted all of the outstanding CDS protection agreements purchased by the Corporation from MBIA on commercial mortgage-backed securities (CMBS). Collectively, those CDS transactions had a notional value of $7.4 billion and a fair value of $813 million as of March 31, 2013. The parties also terminated certain other trades in order to close out positions between the parties; the termination of these trades did not have a material impact on the Corporation's financial statements. For additional information, see Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations – Representations and Warranties on page 58 and Note 8 – Representations and Warranties Obligations and Corporate Guarantees to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Performance Overview

Net income was $4.0 billion, or $0.32 per diluted share and $5.5 billion, or $0.42 per diluted share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $2.5 billion, or $0.19 and $3.1 billion, or $0.22 for the same periods in 2012. The results for the first half of 2013 reflect our efforts to stabilize revenue, decrease costs, strengthen the balance sheet and improve credit quality. The following highlights the most significant changes from the prior-year periods.

Net interest income on a fully taxable-equivalent (FTE) basis increased $989 million to $10.8 billion, and $811 million to $21.6 billion for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013. The increases in net interest income were primarily due to reductions in long-term debt balances, positive market-related premium amortization and hedge ineffectiveness on debt securities, improved trading-related net interest income, higher commercial loan balances and lower rates paid on deposits, partially offset by lower consumer loan balances as well as lower asset yields driven by the low rate environment. The net interest yield on a FTE basis increased 23 basis points (bps) and eight bps to 2.44 percent for both the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 due to the same factors described above.

Noninterest income decreased $242 million to $12.2 billion, and increased $859 million to $24.7 billion for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013. The significant drivers for the three-month period were lower mortgage banking income reflecting lower servicing income, partially offset by increases in investment banking income, equity investment income, and investment and brokerage services income. The year-ago period included gains of $505 million related to liability management actions.


8


The significant drivers of noninterest income for the six-month period were negative fair value adjustments on structured liabilities of $80 million compared to $3.4 billion, debit valuation adjustment (DVA) losses on derivatives, net of hedges, of $15 million compared to $1.6 billion and increases in investment banking income and investment and brokerage services income. These improvements were partially offset by lower mortgage banking income and lower gains on sales of debt securities. The year-ago period included gains of $1.7 billion related to liability management actions.

The provision for credit losses decreased $562 million to $1.2 billion, and $1.3 billion to $2.9 billion for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013. The improvement was primarily in the home loans portfolio, due to improved portfolio trends as well as the impact of increased home prices.

Noninterest expense decreased $1.0 billion to $16.0 billion, and $671 million to $35.5 billion for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013. The decrease for the three-month period was driven by a $604 million decrease in other general operating expense primarily due to lower litigation expense as well as a decrease in professional fees due in part to reduced Legacy Assets & Servicing expenses, and a decrease in personnel expense as we continue to streamline processes and achieve cost savings. The decrease for the six-month period was driven by the same factors described in the three-month discussion above, partially offset by higher litigation expense due in part to the MBIA Settlement.

Income tax expense was $1.5 billion on $5.5 billion of pre-tax income and $2.0 billion on $7.5 billion of pre-tax income, resulting in effective tax rates of 27.0 percent and 26.6 percent for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013. This was compared to $684 million on $3.1 billion of pre-tax income and $750 million on $3.9 billion of pre-tax income that resulted in effective tax rates of 21.7 percent and 19.4 percent for the same periods in 2012.

For additional summary information on the Corporation's results, see Financial Highlights on page 10.

Table 2
Summary Income Statement
 
Three Months Ended June 30
 
Six Months Ended June 30
(Dollars in millions)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Net interest income (FTE basis) (1)
$
10,771

 
$
9,782

 
$
21,646

 
$
20,835

Noninterest income
12,178

 
12,420

 
24,711

 
23,852

Total revenue, net of interest expense (FTE basis) (1)
22,949

 
22,202

 
46,357

 
44,687

Provision for credit losses
1,211

 
1,773

 
2,924

 
4,191

Noninterest expense
16,018

 
17,048

 
35,518

 
36,189

Income before income taxes
5,720

 
3,381

 
7,915

 
4,307

Income tax expense (FTE basis) (1)
1,708

 
918

 
2,420

 
1,191

Net income
4,012

 
2,463

 
5,495

 
3,116

Preferred stock dividends
441

 
365

 
814

 
690

Net income applicable to common shareholders
$
3,571

 
$
2,098

 
$
4,681

 
$
2,426

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Per common share information
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings
$
0.33

 
$
0.19

 
$
0.43

 
$
0.23

Diluted earnings
0.32

 
0.19

 
0.42

 
0.22

(1) 
FTE basis is a non-GAAP financial measure. For more information on this measure and for a corresponding reconciliation to GAAP financial measures, see Supplemental Financial Data on page 18.


9


Financial Highlights

Net Interest Income

Net interest income on a FTE basis increased $989 million to $10.8 billion, and $811 million to $21.6 billion for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to the same periods in 2012. The increases were primarily due to reductions in long-term debt balances, positive market-related premium amortization and hedge ineffectiveness on debt securities, improved trading-related net interest income, higher commercial loan balances and lower rates paid on deposits, partially offset by lower consumer loan balances as well as lower asset yields driven by the low rate environment. The net interest yield on a FTE basis increased 23 bps and eight bps to 2.44 percent for both the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to the same periods in 2012 due to the same factors described above.

Noninterest Income
Table 3
Noninterest Income
 
Three Months Ended June 30
 
Six Months Ended June 30
(Dollars in millions)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Card income
$
1,469

 
$
1,578

 
$
2,879

 
$
3,035

Service charges
1,837

 
1,934

 
3,636

 
3,846

Investment and brokerage services
3,143

 
2,847

 
6,170

 
5,723

Investment banking income
1,556

 
1,146

 
3,091

 
2,363

Equity investment income
680

 
368

 
1,243

 
1,133

Trading account profits
1,938

 
1,764

 
4,927

 
3,839

Mortgage banking income
1,178

 
1,659

 
2,441

 
3,271

Gains on sales of debt securities
457

 
400

 
525

 
1,152

Other income (loss)
(76
)
 
730

 
(188
)
 
(464
)
Net impairment losses recognized in earnings on AFS debt securities
(4
)
 
(6
)
 
(13
)
 
(46
)
Total noninterest income
$
12,178

 
$
12,420

 
$
24,711

 
$
23,852


Noninterest income decreased $242 million to $12.2 billion, and increased $859 million to $24.7 billion for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to the same periods in 2012. The following highlights the significant changes.

Card income decreased $109 million and $156 million primarily driven by decreased revenue due to the exit of consumer protection products.

Investment and brokerage services increased $296 million and $447 million primarily driven by higher market levels, impact of long-term assets under management (AUM) flows and increased transactional activity.

Investment banking income increased $410 million and $728 million due to strong debt underwriting performance, primarily within leveraged finance and investment grade, and equity underwriting performance due to significant increases in global initial public offering (IPO) markets, partially offset by a decline in advisory fees.

Equity investment income increased $312 million and $110 million primarily due to a gain on the sale of an equity investment in the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, partially offset by a gain on the sale of an investment in Global Markets in the same periods in 2012.

Trading account profits increased $174 million and $1.1 billion. Net DVA gains on derivatives were $39 million and net DVA losses were $15 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to net DVA losses of $158 million and $1.6 billion in the year-ago periods. Excluding net DVA, trading account profits decreased $23 million and $514 million primarily due to decreases in our fixed income, currencies and commodities (FICC) businesses reflecting less favorable market conditions, related to the Federal Reserve's policy announcement in June, primarily in structured credit and interest rate products.

Mortgage banking income decreased $481 million and $830 million primarily driven by a decrease in servicing income due to a smaller servicing portfolio and the divestiture of certain servicing business units in the prior year. The decline in the servicing portfolio was due primarily to mortgage servicing rights (MSR) sales in 2013.


10


Other income (loss) decreased $806 million to a loss of $76 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012 and improved $276 million to a loss of $188 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013. Fair value adjustments on structured liabilities were positive $10 million and negative $80 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to negative fair value adjustments of $62 million and $3.4 billion in the year-ago periods. The six months ended June 30, 2013 included a $450 million write-down of a receivable. The prior-year periods included gains related to liability management actions of $505 million and $1.7 billion.

Provision for Credit Losses

The provision for credit losses decreased $562 million to $1.2 billion, and $1.3 billion to $2.9 billion for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to the same periods in 2012. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, the provision for credit losses was $900 million and $1.7 billion lower than net charge-offs, resulting in a reduction in the allowance for credit losses due to continued improvement in the home loans portfolio primarily as a result of increased home prices and improvement in credit card portfolios. If the pace of improvement in the economy continues, we anticipate additional reductions in the allowance for credit losses, particularly in our consumer real estate portfolios.

Net charge-offs totaled $2.1 billion, or 0.94 percent, and $4.6 billion, or 1.04 percent of average loans and leases for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $3.6 billion, or 1.64 percent, and $7.7 billion, or 1.72 percent for the same periods in 2012. The decrease in net charge-offs was driven by credit quality improvement across all portfolios. Given the improving trend in delinquencies and other credit quality metrics, we expect net charge-offs to be below $2.0 billion for the three months ending September 30, 2013. For more information on the provision for credit losses, see Provision for Credit Losses on page 120.

Noninterest Expense
Table 4
Noninterest Expense
 
Three Months Ended June 30
 
Six Months Ended June 30
(Dollars in millions)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Personnel
$
8,531

 
$
8,729

 
$
18,422

 
$
18,917

Occupancy
1,109

 
1,117

 
2,263

 
2,259

Equipment
532

 
546

 
1,082

 
1,157

Marketing
437

 
449

 
866

 
914

Professional fees
694

 
922

 
1,343

 
1,705

Amortization of intangibles
274

 
321

 
550

 
640

Data processing
779

 
692

 
1,591

 
1,548

Telecommunications
411

 
417

 
820

 
817

Other general operating
3,251

 
3,855

 
8,581

 
8,232

Total noninterest expense
$
16,018

 
$
17,048

 
$
35,518

 
$
36,189


Noninterest expense decreased $1.0 billion to $16.0 billion, and $671 million to $35.5 billion for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to same periods in 2012. The decrease for the three months ended June 30, 2013 was driven by a $604 million decrease in other general operating expense primarily due to lower litigation expense, a $228 million decrease in professional fees due in part to reduced default management activities in Legacy Assets & Servicing, and a $198 million decrease in personnel expense as we continue to streamline processes and achieve cost savings. The decrease for the six months ended June 30, 2013 was driven by a $495 million decrease in personnel expense and a $362 million decrease in professional fees as a result of the same factors described in the three-month discussion above, partially offset by a $349 million increase in other general operating expense. The increase in other general operating expense was the result of higher litigation expense due in part to the MBIA Settlement.

In connection with Project New BAC, which was first announced in the third quarter of 2011, we continue to achieve cost savings in certain noninterest expense categories as we further streamline workflows, simplify processes and align expenses with our overall strategic plan and operating principles. We expect total cost savings from Project New BAC to reach $8 billion per year on an annualized basis, or $2 billion per quarter, by mid-2015. We expect to achieve approximately $1.5 billion in quarterly cost savings by the fourth quarter of 2013, representing 75 percent of the quarterly target.


11


Income Tax Expense

Income tax expense was $1.5 billion on $5.5 billion of pre-tax income and $2.0 billion on $7.5 billion of pre-tax income, resulting in effective tax rates of 27.0 percent and 26.6 percent for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013. This was compared to $684 million on $3.1 billion of pre-tax income and $750 million on $3.9 billion of pre-tax income that resulted in effective tax rates of 21.7 percent and 19.4 percent for the same periods in 2012.

The effective tax rates for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 were primarily driven by our recurring tax preference items and an increase in tax benefits from the 2012 non-U.S. restructurings as compared to amounts previously recognized. The effective tax rates in the year-ago periods were primarily driven by our recurring tax preference items and discrete tax benefits.

On July 17, 2013, the U.K. 2013 Finance Bill was enacted, which reduced the U.K. corporate income tax rate by three percent to 20 percent. Two percent of the reduction will become effective on April 1, 2014 and the additional one percent reduction on April 1, 2015. These reductions will favorably affect income tax expense on future U.K. earnings but also require us to remeasure, in the period of enactment, our U.K. net deferred tax assets using the lower tax rates. As a result, in the three months ending September 30, 2013, we will record a charge to income tax expense of approximately $1.1 billion in aggregate for these reductions. Because our deferred tax assets in excess of a certain amount are disallowed in calculating regulatory capital, this charge will not impact our capital ratios.

Balance Sheet Overview
 
 
 
 
 
Table 5
Selected Balance Sheet Data
 
 
 
 
 
Average Balance
 
June 30
2013
 
December 31
2012
 
Three Months Ended
June 30
 
Six Months Ended
June 30
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Federal funds sold and securities borrowed or purchased under agreements to resell
$
224,168

 
$
219,924

 
$
233,394

 
$
234,148

 
$
235,417

 
$
233,604

Trading account assets
191,234

 
227,775

 
227,241

 
196,710

 
233,568

 
195,034

Debt securities
336,403

 
360,331

 
343,260

 
357,081

 
349,794

 
349,350

Loans and leases
921,570

 
907,819

 
914,234

 
899,498

 
910,269

 
906,610

Allowance for loan and lease losses
(21,235
)
 
(24,179
)
 
(22,060
)
 
(31,463
)
 
(22,822
)
 
(32,336
)
All other assets
471,180

 
518,304

 
488,541

 
538,589

 
492,217

 
538,606

Total assets
$
2,123,320

 
$
2,209,974

 
$
2,184,610

 
$
2,194,563

 
$
2,198,443

 
$
2,190,868

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deposits
$
1,080,783

 
$
1,105,261

 
$
1,079,956

 
$
1,032,888

 
$
1,077,631

 
$
1,031,500

Federal funds purchased and securities loaned or sold under agreements to repurchase
232,609

 
293,259

 
270,790

 
279,496

 
285,781

 
267,950

Trading account liabilities
82,381

 
73,587

 
94,349

 
84,728

 
93,204

 
78,300

Short-term borrowings
46,470

 
30,731

 
47,238

 
39,413

 
42,001

 
38,031

Long-term debt
262,480

 
275,585

 
270,198

 
333,173

 
272,088

 
348,346

All other liabilities
187,565

 
194,595

 
187,016

 
189,307

 
191,714

 
192,679

Total liabilities
1,892,288

 
1,973,018

 
1,949,547

 
1,959,005

 
1,962,419

 
1,956,806

Shareholders' equity
231,032

 
236,956

 
235,063

 
235,558

 
236,024

 
234,062

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
$
2,123,320

 
$
2,209,974

 
$
2,184,610

 
$
2,194,563

 
$
2,198,443

 
$
2,190,868


Period-end balance sheet amounts may vary from average balance sheet amounts due to liquidity and balance sheet management activities, primarily involving our portfolios of highly liquid assets. These portfolios are designed to ensure the adequacy of capital while enhancing our ability to manage liquidity requirements for the Corporation and our customers, and to position the balance sheet in accordance with the Corporation's risk appetite. The execution of these activities requires the use of balance sheet and capital-related limits including spot, average and risk-weighted asset limits, particularly within the market-making activities of our trading businesses. One of our key regulatory metrics, Tier 1 leverage ratio, is calculated based on adjusted quarterly average total assets.


12


Assets

At June 30, 2013, total assets were approximately $2.1 trillion, a decrease of $86.7 billion, or four percent, from December 31, 2012. This decrease was driven by lower trading account assets due to a reduction in U.S. government and agency securities, lower debt securities driven by net sales of U.S. Treasuries, paydowns and decreases in the fair value of available-for-sale (AFS) debt securities resulting from the impact of higher interest rates, a decrease in consumer loan balances driven by continued run-off in certain portfolios as well as paydowns and charge-offs outpacing originations, and lower cash and cash equivalent balances. These decreases were partially offset by higher commercial loan balances.

Average total assets decreased $10.0 billion for the three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012 primarily driven by lower debt securities due to net sales of U.S. Treasuries, paydowns and decreases in fair value of AFS debt securities, a decrease in consumer loan balances driven by continued run-off in certain portfolios as well as paydowns and charge-offs outpacing originations, lower cash and cash equivalent balances, and lower derivative dealer assets largely due to MSR sales resulting in a decrease in derivative contracts used to hedge certain market risks on MSRs. These declines were partially offset by higher commercial loan balances and higher trading account assets primarily due to increased securities inventory and client-based activity.

Average total assets increased $7.6 billion for the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012 primarily driven by higher commercial loan balances and higher trading account assets resulting from increased securities inventory and client-based activity. These increases were partially offset by lower consumer loan balances driven by continued run-off in certain portfolios as well as paydowns and charge-offs outpacing originations, lower cash and cash equivalent balances, and a decrease in derivative dealer assets.

Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity

At June 30, 2013, total liabilities were approximately $1.9 trillion, a decrease of $80.7 billion, or four percent, from December 31, 2012. This decrease was driven by lower securities sold under agreement to repurchase due to lower matched-book activity and trading inventory, lower deposits and reductions in long-term debt. These decreases were partially offset by higher short-term borrowings due to an increase in advances from the Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB).

Average total liabilities decreased $9.5 billion for the three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012 primarily driven by reductions in long-term debt, partially offset by growth in deposits and higher trading account liabilities.

Average total liabilities increased $5.6 billion for the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012 primarily driven by growth in deposits, higher securities loaned or sold under agreement to repurchase due to funding of trading inventory and higher trading account liabilities, partially offset by reductions in long-term debt.

At June 30, 2013, shareholders' equity was $231.0 billion, a decrease of $5.9 billion from December 31, 2012 driven by a decrease in the fair value of AFS debt securities resulting from the impact of higher interest rates, which is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (OCI), redemptions of preferred stock and common stock repurchases, partially offset by earnings and issuances of preferred stock.

Average shareholders' equity decreased $495 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012 driven by redemptions of preferred stock, a decrease in the fair value of AFS debt securities and common stock repurchases. These decreases were partially offset by earnings, common stock issued under employee benefit plans and issuances of preferred stock.

Average shareholders' equity increased $2.0 billion for the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012 driven by earnings, common stock issued under employee benefit plans and issuances of preferred stock. These increases were partially offset by redemptions of preferred stock, a decrease in the fair value of AFS debt securities and common stock repurchases.


13


Table 6
 
 
 
 
Selected Quarterly Financial Data
 
 
 
 
 
2013 Quarters
 
2012 Quarters
(In millions, except per share information)
Second
 
First
 
Fourth
 
Third
 
Second
Income statement
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net interest income
$
10,549

 
$
10,664

 
$
10,324

 
$
9,938

 
$
9,548

Noninterest income
12,178

 
12,533

 
8,336

 
10,490

 
12,420

Total revenue, net of interest expense
22,727

 
23,197

 
18,660

 
20,428

 
21,968

Provision for credit losses
1,211

 
1,713

 
2,204

 
1,774

 
1,773

Noninterest expense
16,018

 
19,500

 
18,360

 
17,544

 
17,048

Income (loss) before income taxes
5,498

 
1,984

 
(1,904
)
 
1,110

 
3,147

Income tax expense (benefit)
1,486

 
501

 
(2,636
)
 
770

 
684

Net income
4,012

 
1,483

 
732

 
340

 
2,463

Net income (loss) applicable to common shareholders
3,571

 
1,110

 
367

 
(33
)
 
2,098

Average common shares issued and outstanding
10,776

 
10,799

 
10,777

 
10,776

 
10,776

Average diluted common shares issued and outstanding (1)
11,525

 
11,155

 
10,885

 
10,776

 
11,556

Performance ratios
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Return on average assets
0.74
%
 
0.27
%
 
0.13
%
 
0.06
%
 
0.45
%
Four quarter trailing return on average assets (2)
0.30

 
0.23

 
0.19

 
0.25

 
0.51

Return on average common shareholders' equity
6.55

 
2.06

 
0.67

 
n/m

 
3.89

Return on average tangible common shareholders' equity (3)
9.88

 
3.12

 
1.01

 
n/m

 
5.95

Return on average tangible shareholders' equity (3)
9.98

 
3.69

 
1.77

 
0.84

 
6.16

Total ending equity to total ending assets
10.88

 
10.91

 
10.72

 
11.02

 
10.92

Total average equity to total average assets
10.76

 
10.71

 
10.79

 
10.86

 
10.73

Dividend payout
3.01

 
9.75

 
29.33

 
n/m

 
5.60

Per common share data
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings
$
0.33

 
$
0.10

 
$
0.03

 
$
0.00

 
$
0.19

Diluted earnings (1)
0.32

 
0.10

 
0.03

 
0.00

 
0.19

Dividends paid
0.01

 
0.01

 
0.01

 
0.01

 
0.01

Book value
20.18

 
20.19

 
20.24

 
20.40

 
20.16

Tangible book value (3)
13.32

 
13.36

 
13.36

 
13.48

 
13.22

Market price per share of common stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Closing
$
12.86

 
$
12.18

 
$
11.61

 
$
8.83

 
$
8.18

High closing
13.83

 
12.78

 
11.61

 
9.55

 
9.68

Low closing
11.44

 
11.03

 
8.93

 
7.04

 
6.83

Market capitalization
$
138,156

 
$
131,817

 
$
125,136

 
$
95,163

 
$
88,155

(1) 
Due to a net loss applicable to common shareholders for the third quarter of 2012, the impact of antidilutive equity instruments was excluded from diluted earnings per share and average diluted common shares.
(2) 
Calculated as total net income for four consecutive quarters divided by annualized average assets for four consecutive quarters.
(3) 
Tangible equity ratios and tangible book value per share of common stock are non-GAAP financial measures. Other companies may define or calculate these measures differently. For more information on these ratios and for corresponding reconciliations to GAAP financial measures, see Supplemental Financial Data on page 18.
(4) 
For more information on the impact of the purchased credit-impaired loan portfolio on asset quality, see Consumer Portfolio Credit Risk Management on page 83.
(5) 
Includes the allowance for loan and lease losses and the reserve for unfunded lending commitments.
(6) 
Balances and ratios do not include loans accounted for under the fair value option. For additional exclusions from nonperforming loans, leases and foreclosed properties, see Consumer Portfolio Credit Risk Management – Nonperforming Consumer Loans, Leases and Foreclosed Properties Activity on page 101 and corresponding Table 41, and Commercial Portfolio Credit Risk Management – Nonperforming Commercial Loans, Leases and Foreclosed Properties Activity on page 110 and corresponding Table 50.
(7) 
Primarily includes amounts allocated to the U.S. credit card and unsecured consumer lending portfolios in CBB, purchased credit-impaired loans and the non-U.S. credit card portfolio in All Other.
(8) 
Net charge-offs exclude $313 million, $839 million, $1.1 billion and $1.7 billion of write-offs in the purchased credit-impaired loan portfolio for the second and first quarters of 2013 and the fourth and third quarters of 2012. These write-offs decreased the purchased credit-impaired valuation allowance included as part of the allowance for loan and lease losses. For more information on purchased credit-impaired write-offs, see Consumer Portfolio Credit Risk Management – Purchased Credit-impaired Loan Portfolio on page 95.
(9) 
There were no write-offs in the purchased credit-impaired loan portfolio for the second quarter of 2012.
(10)  
Presents capital ratios in accordance with the Basel 1 – 2013 Rules at June 30, 2013. Basel 1 did not include the Basel 1 – 2013 Rules at December 31, 2012.
n/m = not meaningful

14


Table 6
 
 
 
 
Selected Quarterly Financial Data (continued)
 
 
 
 
 
2013 Quarters
 
2012 Quarters
(Dollars in millions)
Second
 
First
 
Fourth
 
Third
 
Second
Average balance sheet
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total loans and leases
$
914,234

 
$
906,259

 
$
893,166

 
$
888,859

 
$
899,498

Total assets
2,184,610

 
2,212,430

 
2,210,365

 
2,173,312

 
2,194,563

Total deposits
1,079,956

 
1,075,280

 
1,078,076

 
1,049,697

 
1,032,888

Long-term debt
270,198

 
273,999

 
277,894

 
291,684

 
333,173

Common shareholders' equity
218,790

 
218,225

 
219,744

 
217,273

 
216,782

Total shareholders' equity
235,063

 
236,995

 
238,512

 
236,039

 
235,558

Asset quality (4)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Allowance for credit losses (5)
$
21,709

 
$
22,927

 
$
24,692

 
$
26,751

 
$
30,862

Nonperforming loans, leases and foreclosed properties (6)
21,280

 
22,842

 
23,555

 
24,925

 
25,377

Allowance for loan and lease losses as a percentage of total loans and leases outstanding (6)
2.33
%
 
2.49
%
 
2.69
%
 
2.96
%
 
3.43
%
Allowance for loan and lease losses as a percentage of total nonperforming loans and leases (6)
103

 
102

 
107

 
111

 
127

Allowance for loan and lease losses as a percentage of total nonperforming loans and leases, excluding the PCI loan portfolio (6)
84

 
82

 
82

 
81

 
90

Amounts included in allowance that are excluded from nonperforming loans and leases (7)
$
9,919

 
$
10,690

 
$
12,021

 
$
13,978

 
$
16,327

Allowance as a percentage of total nonperforming loans and leases, excluding amounts included in the allowance that are excluded from nonperforming loans and leases (7)
55
%
 
53
%
 
54
%
 
52
%
 
59
%
Net charge-offs (8)
$
2,111

 
$
2,517

 
$
3,104

 
$
4,122

 
$
3,626

Annualized net charge-offs as a percentage of average loans and leases outstanding (6, 8)
0.94
%
 
1.14
%
 
1.40
%
 
1.86
%
 
1.64
%
Annualized net charge-offs as a percentage of average loans and leases outstanding, excluding the PCI loan portfolio (6)
0.97

 
1.18

 
1.44

 
1.93

 
1.69

Annualized net charge-offs and PCI write-offs as a percentage of average loans and leases outstanding (6, 9)
1.07

 
1.52

 
1.90

 
2.63

 
1.64

Nonperforming loans and leases as a percentage of total loans and leases outstanding (6)
2.26

 
2.44

 
2.52

 
2.68

 
2.70

Nonperforming loans, leases and foreclosed properties as a percentage of total loans, leases and foreclosed properties (6)
2.33

 
2.53

 
2.62

 
2.81

 
2.87

Ratio of the allowance for loan and lease losses at period end to annualized net charge-offs (8)
2.51

 
2.20

 
1.96

 
1.60

 
2.08

Ratio of the allowance for loan and lease losses at period end to annualized net charge-offs, excluding the PCI loan portfolio
2.04

 
1.76

 
1.51

 
1.17

 
1.46

Ratio of the allowance for loan and lease losses at period end to annualized net charge-offs and PCI write-offs (9)
2.18

 
1.65

 
1.44

 
1.13

 
2.08

Capital ratios (period end) (10)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Risk-based capital:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tier 1 common capital
10.83
%
 
10.49
%
 
11.06
%
 
11.41
%
 
11.24
%
Tier 1 capital
12.16

 
12.22

 
12.89

 
13.64

 
13.80

Total capital
15.27

 
15.50

 
16.31

 
17.16

 
17.51

Tier 1 leverage
7.49

 
7.49

 
7.37

 
7.84

 
7.84

Tangible equity (3)
7.67

 
7.78

 
7.62

 
7.85

 
7.73

Tangible common equity (3)
6.98

 
6.88

 
6.74

 
6.95

 
6.83

For footnotes see page 14.

15


Table 7
 
 
 
Selected Year-to-Date Financial Data
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30
(In millions, except per share information)
2013
 
2012
Income statement
 
 
 
Net interest income
$
21,213

 
$
20,394

Noninterest income
24,711

 
23,852

Total revenue, net of interest expense
45,924

 
44,246

Provision for credit losses
2,924

 
4,191

Noninterest expense
35,518

 
36,189

Income before income taxes
7,482

 
3,866

Income tax expense
1,987

 
750

Net income
5,495

 
3,116

Net income applicable to common shareholders
4,681

 
2,426

Average common shares issued and outstanding
10,787

 
10,715

Average diluted common shares issued and outstanding
11,550

 
11,510

Performance ratios
 
 
 
Return on average assets
0.50
%
 
0.29
%
Return on average common shareholders' equity
4.32

 
2.26

Return on average tangible common shareholders' equity (1)
6.53

 
3.47

Return on average tangible shareholders' equity (1)
6.84

 
3.94

Total ending equity to total ending assets
10.88

 
10.92

Total average equity to total average assets
10.74

 
10.68

Dividend payout
4.61

 
9.56

Per common share data
 
 
 
Earnings
$
0.43

 
$
0.23

Diluted earnings
0.42

 
0.22

Dividends paid
0.02

 
0.02

Book value
20.18

 
20.16

Tangible book value (1)
13.32

 
13.22

Market price per share of common stock
 
 
 
Closing
$
12.86

 
$
8.18

High closing
13.83

 
9.93

Low closing
11.03

 
5.80

Market capitalization
$
138,156

 
$
88,155

(1) 
Tangible equity ratios and tangible book value per share of common stock are non-GAAP financial measures. Other companies may define or calculate these measures differently. For more information on these ratios and for corresponding reconciliations to GAAP financial measures, see Supplemental Financial Data on page 18.
(2) 
For more information on the impact of the purchased credit-impaired loan portfolio on asset quality, see Consumer Portfolio Credit Risk Management on page 83.
(3) 
Includes the allowance for loan and lease losses and the reserve for unfunded lending commitments.
(4) 
Balances and ratios do not include loans accounted for under the fair value option. For additional exclusions from nonperforming loans, leases and foreclosed properties, see Consumer Portfolio Credit Risk Management – Nonperforming Consumer Loans, Leases and Foreclosed Properties Activity on page 101 and corresponding Table 41, and Commercial Portfolio Credit Risk Management – Nonperforming Commercial Loans, Leases and Foreclosed Properties Activity on page 110 and corresponding Table 50.
(5) 
Primarily includes amounts allocated to the U.S. credit card and unsecured consumer lending portfolios in CBB, purchased credit-impaired loans and the non-U.S. credit card portfolio in All Other.
(6) 
Net charge-offs exclude $1.2 billion of write-offs in the purchased credit-impaired loan portfolio for the six months ended June 30, 2013. These write-offs decreased the purchased credit-impaired valuation allowance included as part of the allowance for loan and lease losses. For more information on purchased credit-impaired write-offs, see Consumer Portfolio Credit Risk Management – Purchased Credit-impaired Loan Portfolio on page 95.
(7) 
There were no write-offs in the purchased credit-impaired loan portfolio for the six months ended June 30, 2012.

16


Table 7
 
 
 
Selected Year-to-Date Financial Data (continued)
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30
(Dollars in millions)
2013
 
2012
Average balance sheet
 
 
 
Total loans and leases
$
910,269

 
$
906,610

Total assets
2,198,443

 
2,190,868

Total deposits
1,077,631

 
1,031,500

Long-term debt
272,088

 
348,346

Common shareholders' equity
218,509

 
215,466

Total shareholders' equity
236,024

 
234,062

Asset quality (2)
 
 
 
Allowance for credit losses (3)
$
21,709

 
$
30,862

Nonperforming loans, leases and foreclosed properties (4)
21,280

 
25,377

Allowance for loan and lease losses as a percentage of total loans and leases outstanding (4)
2.33
%
 
3.43
%
Allowance for loan and lease losses as a percentage of total nonperforming loans and leases (4)
103

 
127

Allowance for loan and lease losses as a percentage of total nonperforming loans and leases, excluding the PCI loan portfolio (4)
84

 
90

Amounts included in allowance that are excluded from nonperforming loans and leases (5)
$
9,919

 
$
16,327

Allowance as a percentage of total nonperforming loans and leases, excluding amounts included in the allowance that are excluded from nonperforming loans and leases (5)
55
%
 
59
%
Net charge-offs (6)
$
4,628

 
$
7,682

Annualized net charge-offs as a percentage of average loans and leases outstanding (4, 6)
1.04
%
 
1.72
%
Annualized net charge-offs as a percentage of average loans and leases outstanding, excluding the PCI loan portfolio (4)
1.07

 
1.78

Annualized net charge-offs and PCI write-offs as a percentage of average loans and leases outstanding (4, 7)
1.29

 
1.72

Nonperforming loans and leases as a percentage of total loans and leases outstanding (4)
2.26

 
2.70

Nonperforming loans, leases and foreclosed properties as a percentage of total loans, leases and foreclosed properties (4)
2.33

 
2.87

Ratio of the allowance for loan and lease losses at period end to annualized net charge-offs (6)
2.28

 
1.96

Ratio of the allowance for loan and lease losses at period end to annualized net charge-offs, excluding the PCI loan portfolio
1.85

 
1.38

Ratio of the allowance for loan and lease losses at period end to annualized net charge-offs and PCI write-offs (7)
1.82

 
1.96

For footnotes see page 16.

17


Supplemental Financial Data

We view net interest income and related ratios and analyses on a FTE basis, which when presented on a consolidated basis, are non-GAAP financial measures. We believe managing the business with net interest income on a FTE basis provides a more accurate picture of the interest margin for comparative purposes. To derive the FTE basis, net interest income is adjusted to reflect tax-exempt income on an equivalent before-tax basis with a corresponding increase in income tax expense. For purposes of this calculation, we use the federal statutory tax rate of 35 percent. This measure ensures comparability of net interest income arising from taxable and tax-exempt sources.

Certain performance measures including the efficiency ratio and net interest yield utilize net interest income (and thus total revenue) on a FTE basis. The efficiency ratio measures the costs expended to generate a dollar of revenue, and net interest yield measures the bps we earn over the cost of funds.

We also evaluate our business based on certain ratios that utilize tangible equity, a non-GAAP financial measure. Tangible equity represents an adjusted shareholders' equity or common shareholders' equity amount which has been reduced by goodwill and intangible assets (excluding MSRs), net of related deferred tax liabilities. These measures are used to evaluate our use of equity. In addition, profitability, relationship and investment models all use return on average tangible shareholders' equity (ROTE) as key measures to support our overall growth goals. These ratios are as follows:

Return on average tangible common shareholders' equity measures our earnings contribution as a percentage of adjusted common shareholders' equity. The tangible common equity ratio represents adjusted ending common shareholders' equity divided by total assets less goodwill and intangible assets (excluding MSRs), net of related deferred tax liabilities.

ROTE measures our earnings contribution as a percentage of adjusted average total shareholders' equity. The tangible equity ratio represents adjusted ending shareholders' equity divided by total assets less goodwill and intangible assets (excluding MSRs), net of related deferred tax liabilities.

Tangible book value per common share represents adjusted ending common shareholders' equity divided by ending common shares outstanding.

The aforementioned supplemental data and performance measures are presented in Tables 6 and 7.

We evaluate our business segment results based on measures that utilize return on average allocated capital, and prior to January 1, 2013, the return on average economic capital, both of which represent non-GAAP financial measures. These ratios are calculated as net income adjusted for cost of funds and earnings credits and certain expenses related to intangibles, divided by average allocated capital or average economic capital, as applicable. In addition, for purposes of goodwill impairment testing, the Corporation utilizes allocated equity as a proxy for the carrying value of its reporting units. Allocated equity for the business segments is comprised of allocated capital (or economic capital prior to 2013) plus capital for the portion of goodwill and intangibles specifically assigned to the business segment. For additional information, see Business Segment Operations on page 30 and Note 9 – Goodwill and Intangible Assets to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Tables 8, 9 and 10 provide reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to GAAP financial measures. We believe the use of these non-GAAP financial measures provides additional clarity in assessing the results of the Corporation and our segments. Other companies may define or calculate these measures and ratios differently.

Table 8
Quarterly Supplemental Financial Data and Reconciliations to GAAP Financial Measures
 
2013 Quarters
 
2012 Quarters
(Dollars in millions)
Second
 
First
 
Fourth
 
Third
 
Second
Fully taxable-equivalent basis data
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net interest income
$
10,771

 
$
10,875

 
$
10,555

 
$
10,167

 
$
9,782

Total revenue, net of interest expense
22,949

 
23,408

 
18,891

 
20,657

 
22,202

Net interest yield (1)
2.44
%
 
2.43
%
 
2.35
%
 
2.32
%
 
2.21
%
Efficiency ratio
69.80

 
83.31

 
97.19

 
84.93

 
76.79

(1)  
Calculation includes fees earned on overnight deposits placed with the Federal Reserve and, beginning in the third quarter of 2012, fees earned on deposits, primarily overnight, placed with certain non-U.S. central banks, of $40 million and $33 million for the second and first quarters of 2013, and $42 million, $48 million and $52 million for the fourth, third and second quarters of 2012, respectively.

18


Table 8
Quarterly Supplemental Financial Data and Reconciliations to GAAP Financial Measures (continued)
 
2013 Quarters
 
2012 Quarters
(Dollars in millions)
Second
 
First
 
Fourth
 
Third
 
Second
Reconciliation of net interest income to net interest income on a fully taxable-equivalent basis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net interest income
$
10,549

 
$
10,664

 
$
10,324

 
$
9,938

 
$
9,548

Fully taxable-equivalent adjustment
222

 
211

 
231

 
229

 
234

Net interest income on a fully taxable-equivalent basis
$
10,771

 
$
10,875

 
$
10,555

 
$
10,167

 
$
9,782

Reconciliation of total revenue, net of interest expense to total revenue, net of interest expense on a fully taxable-equivalent basis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenue, net of interest expense
$
22,727

 
$
23,197

 
$
18,660

 
$
20,428

 
$
21,968

Fully taxable-equivalent adjustment
222

 
211

 
231

 
229

 
234

Total revenue, net of interest expense on a fully taxable-equivalent basis
$
22,949

 
$
23,408

 
$
18,891

 
$
20,657

 
$
22,202

Reconciliation of income tax expense (benefit) to income tax expense (benefit) on a fully taxable-equivalent basis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax expense (benefit)
$
1,486

 
$
501

 
$
(2,636
)
 
$
770

 
$
684

Fully taxable-equivalent adjustment
222

 
211

 
231

 
229

 
234

Income tax expense (benefit) on a fully taxable-equivalent basis
$
1,708

 
$
712

 
$
(2,405
)
 
$
999

 
$
918

Reconciliation of average common shareholders' equity to average tangible common shareholders' equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common shareholders' equity
$
218,790

 
$
218,225

 
$
219,744

 
$
217,273

 
$
216,782

Goodwill
(69,930
)
 
(69,945
)
 
(69,976
)
 
(69,976
)
 
(69,976
)
Intangible assets (excluding MSRs)
(6,270
)
 
(6,549
)
 
(6,874
)
 
(7,194
)
 
(7,533
)
Related deferred tax liabilities
2,360

 
2,425

 
2,490

 
2,556

 
2,626

Tangible common shareholders' equity
$
144,950

 
$
144,156

 
$
145,384

 
$
142,659

 
$
141,899

Reconciliation of average shareholders' equity to average tangible shareholders' equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shareholders' equity
$
235,063

 
$
236,995

 
$
238,512

 
$
236,039

 
$
235,558

Goodwill
(69,930
)
 
(69,945
)
 
(69,976
)
 
(69,976
)
 
(69,976
)
Intangible assets (excluding MSRs)
(6,270
)
 
(6,549
)
 
(6,874
)
 
(7,194
)
 
(7,533
)
Related deferred tax liabilities
2,360

 
2,425

 
2,490

 
2,556

 
2,626

Tangible shareholders' equity
$
161,223

 
$
162,926

 
$
164,152

 
$
161,425

 
$
160,675

Reconciliation of period-end common shareholders' equity to period-end tangible common shareholders' equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common shareholders' equity
$
216,791

 
$
218,513

 
$
218,188

 
$
219,838

 
$
217,213

Goodwill
(69,930
)
 
(69,930
)
 
(69,976
)
 
(69,976
)
 
(69,976
)
Intangible assets (excluding MSRs)
(6,104
)
 
(6,379
)
 
(6,684
)
 
(7,030
)
 
(7,335
)
Related deferred tax liabilities
2,297

 
2,363

 
2,428

 
2,494

 
2,559

Tangible common shareholders' equity
$
143,054

 
$
144,567

 
$
143,956

 
$
145,326

 
$
142,461

Reconciliation of period-end shareholders' equity to period-end tangible shareholders' equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shareholders' equity
$
231,032

 
$
237,293

 
$
236,956

 
$
238,606

 
$
235,975

Goodwill
(69,930
)
 
(69,930
)
 
(69,976
)
 
(69,976
)
 
(69,976
)
Intangible assets (excluding MSRs)
(6,104
)
 
(6,379
)
 
(6,684
)
 
(7,030
)
 
(7,335
)
Related deferred tax liabilities
2,297

 
2,363

 
2,428

 
2,494

 
2,559

Tangible shareholders' equity
$
157,295

 
$
163,347

 
$
162,724

 
$
164,094

 
$
161,223

Reconciliation of period-end assets to period-end tangible assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets
$
2,123,320

 
$
2,174,819

 
$
2,209,974