10-Q 1 mcd-6302014x10q.htm 10-Q MCD-6.30.2014-10Q
 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
FORM 10-Q
 
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2014
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from             to            
Commission File Number 1-5231
McDONALD’S CORPORATION
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
 
Delaware
 
36-2361282
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
One McDonald’s Plaza
Oak Brook, Illinois
 
60523
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(630) 623-3000
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  x  No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  x  No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer x
 
Accelerated filer ¨
 
 
Non-accelerated filer ¨  (do not check if a smaller reporting  company)
 
Smaller reporting company ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  ¨  No  x

981,929,291
(Number of shares of common stock
outstanding as of June 30, 2014)
 
 
 
 
 

 



McDONALD’S CORPORATION
___________________________
INDEX
_______
 
 
 
Page Reference
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1A – Risk Factors
 
 
 
 
Item 6 – Exhibits
 
 
All trademarks used herein are the property of their respective owners and are used with permission.

2


PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
In millions, except per share data
June 30,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and equivalents
 
$
3,670.6

 
 
$
2,798.7

Accounts and notes receivable
 
1,294.5

 
 
1,319.8

Inventories, at cost, not in excess of market
 
110.7

 
 
123.7

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
837.9

 
 
807.9

Total current assets
 
5,913.7

 
 
5,050.1

Other assets
 
 
 
 
 
Investments in and advances to affiliates
 
1,231.6

 
 
1,209.1

Goodwill
 
2,902.3

 
 
2,872.7

Miscellaneous
 
1,855.7

 
 
1,747.1

Total other assets
 
5,989.6

 
 
5,828.9

Property and equipment
 
 
 
 
 
Property and equipment, at cost
 
41,007.1

 
 
40,355.6

Accumulated depreciation and amortization
 
(15,129.8
)
 
 
(14,608.3
)
Net property and equipment
 
25,877.3

 
 
25,747.3

Total assets
 
$
37,780.6

 
 
$
36,626.3

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
965.1

 
 
$
1,086.0

Income taxes
 
111.0

 
 
215.5

Other taxes
 
395.3

 
 
383.1

Accrued interest
 
172.7

 
 
221.6

Accrued payroll and other liabilities
 
1,208.4

 
 
1,263.8

Current maturities of long-term debt
 
539.2

 
 

Total current liabilities
 
3,391.7

 
 
3,170.0

Long-term debt
 
14,891.4

 
 
14,129.8

Other long-term liabilities
 
1,768.3

 
 
1,669.1

Deferred income taxes
 
1,574.3

 
 
1,647.7

Shareholders’ equity
 
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock, no par value; authorized – 165.0 million shares; issued – none
 

 
 

Common stock, $.01 par value; authorized – 3.5 billion shares; issued – 1,660.6 million shares
 
16.6

 
 
16.6

Additional paid-in capital
 
6,137.4

 
 
5,994.1

Retained earnings
 
42,741.5

 
 
41,751.2

Accumulated other comprehensive income
 
551.9

 
 
427.6

Common stock in treasury, at cost; 678.7 and 670.2 million shares
 
(33,292.5
)
 
 
(32,179.8
)
Total shareholders’ equity
 
16,154.9

 
 
16,009.7

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
$
37,780.6

 
 
$
36,626.3

See Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF NET INCOME (UNAUDITED)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarters Ended
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30,
 
 
June 30,
In millions, except per share data
 
2014
 
 
2013
 
 
2014
 
 
2013
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales by Company-operated restaurants
 
$
4,785.9

 
 
$
4,761.4

 
 
$
9,276.4

 
 
$
9,206.8

Revenues from franchised restaurants
 
2,395.8

 
 
2,322.4

 
 
4,605.6

 
 
4,482.3

Total revenues
 
7,181.7

 
 
7,083.8

 
 
13,882.0

 
 
13,689.1

Operating costs and expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Company-operated restaurant expenses
 
3,969.8

 
 
3,919.5

 
 
7,736.9

 
 
7,645.5

Franchised restaurants—occupancy expenses
 
427.6

 
 
399.1

 
 
844.7

 
 
794.3

Selling, general & administrative expenses
 
629.2

 
 
607.0

 
 
1,249.6

 
 
1,203.5

Other operating (income) expense, net
 
(33.9
)
 
 
(39.5
)
 
 
(74.2
)
 
 
(101.4
)
Total operating costs and expenses
 
4,992.7

 
 
4,886.1

 
 
9,757.0

 
 
9,541.9

Operating income
 
2,189.0

 
 
2,197.7

 
 
4,125.0

 
 
4,147.2

Interest expense
 
137.9

 
 
129.8

 
 
273.4

 
 
257.9

Nonoperating (income) expense, net
 
(20.4
)
 
 
8.0

 
 
(3.2
)
 
 
12.6

Income before provision for income taxes
 
2,071.5

 
 
2,059.9

 
 
3,854.8

 
 
3,876.7

Provision for income taxes
 
684.4

 
 
663.4

 
 
1,262.9

 
 
1,210.0

Net income
 
$
1,387.1

 
 
$
1,396.5

 
 
$
2,591.9

 
 
$
2,666.7

Earnings per common share-basic
 
$
1.40

 
 
$
1.39

 
 
$
2.62

 
 
$
2.66

Earnings per common share-diluted
 
$
1.40

 
 
$
1.38

 
 
$
2.61

 
 
$
2.64

Dividends declared per common share
 
$
0.81

 
 
$
0.77

 
 
$
1.62

 
 
$
1.54

Weighted average shares outstanding-basic
 
987.4

 
 
1,001.4

 
 
988.5

 
 
1,002.1

Weighted average shares outstanding-diluted
 
993.2

 
 
1,008.7

 
 
994.6

 
 
1,009.9

See Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarters Ended
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30,
 
 
June 30,
In millions
 
2014
 
 
2013
 
 
2014
 
 
2013
Net income
 
$
1,387.1

 
 
$
1,396.5

 
 
$
2,591.9

 
 
$
2,666.7

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain (loss) recognized in accumulated other comprehensive
income (AOCI), including net investment hedges
113.5

 
 
(363.1
)
 
 
91.2

 
 
(749.5
)
Reclassification of (gain) loss to net income
2.1

 
 

 
 
15.2

 
 

Foreign currency translation adjustments-net of tax
benefit (expense) of $(0.2), $7.7, $17.2 and $(51.9)
115.6

 
 
(363.1
)
 
 
106.4

 
 
(749.5
)
Cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain (loss) recognized in AOCI
(16.7
)
 
 
(22.1
)
 
 
13.5

 
 
(30.3
)
Reclassification of (gain) loss to net income
7.3

 
 
21.6

 
 
(6.1
)
 
 
12.3

Cash flow hedges-net of tax benefit (expense) of $4.4, $0.1,
$(2.8) and $2.8
(9.4
)
 
 
(0.5
)
 
 
7.4

 
 
(18.0
)
Defined benefit pension plans:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain (loss) recognized in AOCI

 
 
(1.1
)
 
 
6.5

 
 
0.1

Reclassification of (gain) loss to net income
1.4

 
 
0.1

 
 
4.0

 
 
0.2

Defined benefit pension plans-net of tax benefit (expense)
of $0.0, $0.3, $(4.4) and $0.0
1.4

 
 
(1.0
)
 
 
10.5

 
 
0.3

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
107.6

 
 
(364.6
)
 
 
124.3

 
 
(767.2
)
Comprehensive income
 
$
1,494.7

 
 
$
1,031.9

 
 
$
2,716.2

 
 
$
1,899.5

See Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarters Ended
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30,
 
 
June 30,
In millions
 
2014
 
 
2013
 
 
2014
 
 
2013
Operating activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
1,387.1

 
 
$
1,396.5

 
 
$
2,591.9

 
 
$
2,666.7

Adjustments to reconcile to cash provided by operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charges and credits:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
413.2

 
 
390.9

 
 
823.6

 
 
782.0

Deferred income taxes
 
(14.8
)
 
 
(28.1
)
 
 
(38.8
)
 
 
(5.3
)
Share-based compensation
 
26.5

 
 
23.4

 
 
51.8

 
 
46.2

Other
 
9.0

 
 
19.5

 
 
63.7

 
 
86.5

Changes in working capital items
 
(334.0
)
 
 
(292.4
)
 
 
(97.9
)
 
 
(379.4
)
Cash provided by operations
 
1,487.0

 
 
1,509.8

 
 
3,394.3

 
 
3,196.7

Investing activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
 
(589.6
)
 
 
(599.4
)
 
 
(1,158.4
)
 
 
(1,233.6
)
Sales and purchases of restaurant businesses and property sales
 
79.2

 
 
4.1

 
 
157.9

 
 
49.6

Other
 
(104.7
)
 
 
39.2

 
 
(222.8
)
 
 
103.4

Cash used for investing activities
 
(615.1
)
 
 
(556.1
)
 
 
(1,223.3
)
 
 
(1,080.6
)
Financing activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term borrowings and long-term financing issuances and repayments
 
1,466.8

 
 
599.1

 
 
1,231.7

 
 
(23.3
)
Treasury stock purchases
 
(703.5
)
 
 
(432.6
)
 
 
(1,143.0
)
 
 
(772.0
)
Common stock dividends
 
(800.6
)
 
 
(771.1
)
 
 
(1,602.3
)
 
 
(1,543.3
)
Proceeds from stock option exercises
 
75.3

 
 
65.5

 
 
161.7

 
 
178.4

Excess tax benefit on share-based compensation
 
21.5

 
 
20.8

 
 
56.5

 
 
73.2

Other
 
(8.5
)
 
 
(6.7
)
 
 
(8.7
)
 
 
(6.9
)
Cash provided by (used for) financing activities
 
51.0

 
 
(525.0
)
 
 
(1,304.1
)
 
 
(2,093.9
)
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents
 
3.9

 
 
(19.6
)
 
 
5.0

 
 
(79.9
)
Cash and equivalents increase (decrease)
 
926.8

 
 
409.1

 
 
871.9

 
 
(57.7
)
Cash and equivalents at beginning of period
 
2,743.8

 
 
1,869.3

 
 
2,798.7

 
 
2,336.1

Cash and equivalents at end of period
 
$
3,670.6

 
 
$
2,278.4

 
 
$
3,670.6

 
 
$
2,278.4

See Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


6


NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements contained in the Company’s December 31, 2013 Annual Report on Form 10‑K. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The results for the quarter and six months ended June 30, 2014 do not necessarily indicate the results that may be expected for the full year.

Restaurant Information
The following table presents restaurant information by ownership type:
Restaurants at June 30,
2014
 
2013
Conventional franchised
20,481

 
19,965

Developmental licensed
4,943

 
4,479

Foreign affiliated
3,570

 
3,663

Total Franchised
28,994

 
28,107

Company-operated
6,689

 
6,627

Systemwide restaurants
35,683

 
34,734

The results of operations of restaurant businesses purchased and sold in transactions with franchisees were not material either individually or in the aggregate to the condensed consolidated financial statements for the periods prior to purchase and sale.

Per Common Share Information
Diluted earnings per common share is calculated using net income divided by diluted weighted-average shares. Diluted weighted-average shares include weighted-average shares outstanding plus the dilutive effect of share-based compensation, calculated using the treasury stock method, of 5.8 million shares and 7.3 million shares for the quarters 2014 and 2013, respectively, and 6.1 million shares and 7.8 million shares for the six months 2014 and 2013, respectively. Stock options that would have been antidilutive and therefore were not included in the calculation of diluted weighted-average shares totaled 4.8 million shares and 4.9 million shares for the quarters 2014 and 2013, respectively, and 5.9 million shares and 4.8 million shares for the six months 2014 and 2013, respectively.

Fair Value Measurements
The Company measures certain financial assets and liabilities at fair value. Fair value disclosures are reflected in a three-level hierarchy, maximizing the use of observable inputs and minimizing the use of unobservable inputs. The Company did not have any significant changes to the valuation techniques used to measure fair value as described in the Company's December 31, 2013 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Certain Financial Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value
The following table presents financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
In millions
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Carrying
Value
June 30, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative assets
 
$
135.3

 
 
$
38.5

 
 
$
173.8

Derivative liabilities
 
 
 
 
$
(133.2
)
 
 
$
(133.2
)

Certain Financial Assets and Liabilities not Measured at Fair Value
At June 30, 2014, the fair value of the Company’s debt obligations was estimated at $16.8 billion, compared to a carrying amount of $15.4 billion. The fair value was based upon quoted market prices, Level 2, within the valuation hierarchy. The carrying amounts of cash and equivalents and notes receivable approximate fair value.

7


Financial Instruments and Hedging Activities
The Company is exposed to global market risks, including the effect of changes in interest rates and foreign currency fluctuations. The Company uses foreign currency denominated debt and derivative instruments to mitigate the impact of these changes. The Company does not hold or issue derivatives for trading purposes.
The following table presents the fair values of derivative instruments included on the Consolidated balance sheet:
  
Derivative Assets
 
Derivative Liabilities
In millions
June 30,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
 
June 30,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments
 
$
32.4

 
 
$
55.6

 
 
$
(122.2
)
 
 
$
(155.5
)
Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
 
141.4

 
 
144.2

 
 
(11.0
)
 
 
(23.8
)
Total derivatives
 
$
173.8

 
 
$
199.8

 
 
$
(133.2
)
 
 
$
(179.3
)

The following table presents the pretax amounts affecting income and other comprehensive income ("OCI") for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively:
 
Gain (Loss)
Recognized in
Accumulated OCI
 
Gain (Loss) Reclassified
into Income from
Accumulated OCI
 
Gain (Loss) Recognized in
Income on Derivative(1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
In millions
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Cash Flow Hedges
 
$
19.1

 
 
$
(38.0
)
 
 
$
8.9

 
 
$
(17.2
)
 

$
2.0

 

$
(4.7
)
Net Investment Hedges
 
$
(15.0
)
 
 
$
252.1

 
 
$
(15.2
)
 
 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
Undesignated derivatives
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
3.8


 
$
(12.1
)
(1)
Includes amounts excluded from effectiveness testing, ineffectiveness, and undesignated gains (losses).

Fair Value Hedges
The Company enters into fair value hedges which convert a portion of its fixed-rate debt into floating-rate debt by use of interest rate swaps. At June 30, 2014, $2.6 billion of the Company's outstanding fixed-rate debt was effectively converted. For the six months ended June 30, 2014, the Company recognized a $2.8 million gain on fair value interest rate swaps, which was exactly offset by a corresponding loss in the fair value of the hedged debt instruments.
 
Cash Flow Hedges
The Company enters into cash flow hedges to reduce the exposure to variability in certain expected future cash flows.
To protect against the reduction in value of forecasted foreign currency cash flows (such as royalties denominated in foreign currencies), the Company uses foreign currency forwards and foreign currency options to hedge a portion of anticipated exposures. The hedges cover the next 19 months for certain exposures and are denominated in various currencies. As of June 30, 2014, the Company had derivatives outstanding with an equivalent notional amount of $555.1 million that hedged a portion of forecasted foreign currency denominated royalties.
The Company uses cross-currency swaps to hedge the risk of cash flows associated with certain foreign currency denominated debt, including forecasted interest payments, and has elected cash flow hedge accounting. The hedges cover periods up to 41 months and have an equivalent notional amount of $359.6 million.
Based on market conditions at June 30, 2014, the $5.1 million in cumulative cash flow hedging gains, after tax, is not expected to have a significant effect on earnings over the next 12 months.

8


Net Investment Hedges
The Company primarily uses foreign currency denominated debt (third party and intercompany) to hedge its investments in certain foreign subsidiaries and affiliates. Realized and unrealized translation adjustments from these hedges are included in shareholders' equity in the foreign currency translation component of OCI and offset translation adjustments on the underlying net assets of foreign subsidiaries and affiliates, which also are recorded in OCI. As of June 30, 2014, $4.3 billion of intercompany foreign currency denominated debt, $5.4 billion of the Company's third party foreign currency denominated debt and $1.0 billion of derivatives were designated to hedge investments in certain foreign subsidiaries and affiliates.

Credit Risk
The Company is exposed to credit-related losses in the event of non-performance by its derivative counterparties. The Company did not have significant exposure to any individual counterparty at June 30, 2014 and has master agreements that contain netting arrangements. For financial reporting purposes, the Company presents gross derivative balances in the financial statements and supplementary data, including for counterparties subject to netting arrangements.

Segment Information
The Company franchises and operates McDonald’s restaurants in the global restaurant industry. The following table presents the Company’s revenues and operating income by geographic segment. The APMEA segment represents operations in Asia/Pacific, Middle East and Africa. Other Countries & Corporate represents operations in Canada and Latin America, as well as Corporate activities.
 
Quarters Ended
 
Six Months Ended
  
June 30,
 
June 30,
In millions
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
$
2,249.0

 
$
2,282.4

 
$
4,303.1

 
$
4,370.9

Europe
2,913.3

 
2,837.1

 
5,625.5

 
5,423.5

APMEA
1,664.3

 
1,589.5

 
3,283.1

 
3,183.2

Other Countries & Corporate
355.1

 
374.8

 
670.3

 
711.5

Total revenues
$
7,181.7

 
$
7,083.8

 
$
13,882.0

 
$
13,689.1

Operating Income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
$
980.5

 
$
967.9

 
$
1,801.3

 
$
1,812.6

Europe
853.6

 
850.8

 
1,606.1

 
1,558.9

APMEA
348.3

 
354.7

 
693.4

 
736.6

Other Countries & Corporate
6.6

 
24.3

 
24.2

 
39.1

Total operating income
$
2,189.0

 
$
2,197.7

 
$
4,125.0

 
$
4,147.2


Recently Issued Accounting Standard
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued guidance codified in Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 606, "Revenue Recognition - Revenue from Contracts with Customers," which amends the guidance in former ASC 605, "Revenue Recognition," and becomes effective beginning January 1, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of ASC 606.

Subsequent Events
In mid-July, food quality and safety issues were discovered at a supplier to certain food companies in China, including McDonald's. As a consequence, McDonald's businesses in China, Japan and certain other markets are experiencing a significant negative impact to results. The affected markets represent approximately 10% of consolidated revenues. While this matter will negatively impact results in the near term, we cannot reasonably estimate the impact on full year 2014 earnings at this time.

9


Item  2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Overview
The Company franchises and operates McDonald’s restaurants. Of the 35,683 restaurants in 119 countries at June 30, 2014, 28,994 were licensed to franchisees (including 20,481 franchised to conventional franchisees, 4,943 licensed to developmental licensees and 3,570 licensed to foreign affiliates ("affiliates") – primarily Japan) and 6,689 were operated by the Company. Under our conventional franchise arrangement, franchisees provide a portion of the capital required by initially investing in the equipment, signs, seating and décor of their restaurant business, and by reinvesting in the business over time. The Company owns the land and building or secures long-term leases for both Company-operated and conventional franchised restaurant sites. This maintains long-term occupancy rights, helps control related costs and assists in alignment with franchisees. In certain circumstances, the Company participates in reinvestment for conventional franchised restaurants. Under our developmental license arrangement, licensees provide capital for the entire business, including the real estate interest, and the Company has no capital invested. In addition, the Company has an equity investment in a limited number of affiliates that invest in real estate and operate or franchise restaurants within a market.
We view ourselves primarily as a franchisor and believe franchising is important to both delivering great, locally-relevant customer experiences and driving profitability. However, directly operating restaurants is paramount to being a credible franchisor and is essential to providing Company personnel with restaurant operations experience. In our Company-operated restaurants, and in collaboration with franchisees, we further develop and refine operating standards, marketing concepts and product and pricing strategies, so that only those that we believe are most beneficial are introduced in the restaurants. We continually review, and as appropriate adjust, our mix of Company-operated and franchised (conventional franchised, developmental licensed and foreign affiliated) restaurants to help optimize overall performance.
The Company’s revenues consist of sales by Company-operated restaurants and fees from restaurants operated by franchisees. Revenues from conventional franchised restaurants include rent and royalties based on a percent of sales along with minimum rent payments, and initial fees. Revenues from restaurants licensed to affiliates and developmental licensees include a royalty based on a percent of sales, and generally include initial fees. Fees vary by type of site, amount of Company investment, if any, and local business conditions. These fees, along with occupancy and operating rights, are stipulated in franchise/license agreements that generally have 20‑year terms.
The business is managed as distinct geographic segments. Significant reportable segments include the United States ("U.S."), Europe, and Asia/Pacific, Middle East and Africa ("APMEA"). In addition, throughout this report we present “Other Countries & Corporate” that includes operations in Canada and Latin America, as well as Corporate activities. For the six months ended June 30, 2014, the U.S., Europe and APMEA segments accounted for 31%, 41% and 24% of total revenues, respectively.
Strategic Direction and Financial Performance
The strength of the alignment among the Company, its franchisees and suppliers (collectively referred to as the "System") has been key to McDonald's success. By leveraging our System, we are able to identify, implement and scale ideas that meet customers' changing needs and preferences. In addition, our business model enables McDonald's to consistently deliver locally-relevant restaurant experiences to customers and be an integral part of the communities we serve.
McDonald's customer-focused Plan to Win ("Plan") provides a common framework that aligns our global business and allows for local adaptation through an emphasis on the Plan's five pillars - People, Products, Place, Price and Promotion. We have recently evolved our Plan framework, refocusing our planning and actions on what matters most to our customers. The following four strategic global growth priorities support our Plan: optimizing our menu by serving our customers' favorite food and drinks; modernizing the customer experience to be even more memorable; broadening accessibility by providing unparalleled convenience to our customers; and becoming an even more trusted brand. We believe that our strategic priorities align with our customers' evolving needs, and - combined with our competitive advantages of convenience, menu variety, geographic diversification and System alignment - will drive long-term sustainable growth and shareholder value.
To reignite momentum over the next 18 months, we are focused on strengthening the foundational elements of our business by concentrating on compelling value, marketing and operations excellence. We are prioritizing our near-term efforts on improving performance in key opportunity markets that are significant contributors to consolidated results, including the U.S., Germany, Australia and Japan. In addition, we are pursuing growth initiatives focused on customizing and personalizing the menu, accelerating our digital efforts, and growing our business sustainably to become a more relevant and trusted brand.
At the same time, we are continuing to optimize our capital and ownership structures and pursuing opportunities to reallocate G&A spending to higher return initiatives and growth areas, while maintaining our existing longer-term financial strength and philosophy.


10


Global comparable sales decreased 0.1% for the quarter and increased 0.2% for the six months, reflecting higher average check and negative guest traffic in all major segments. On a consolidated basis, comparable guest counts decreased 3.0% for the six months. Comparable sales are driven by changes in guest counts and average check, which is affected by changes in pricing and product mix. Typically, pricing has a greater impact on average check than product mix. The goal is to achieve a balanced contribution from both guest counts and average check.
U.S. comparable sales decreased 1.5% for the quarter and 1.6% for the six months, reflecting negative comparable guest counts amid ongoing broad-based challenges. Looking ahead, McDonald's U.S. is intent on strengthening the overall customer experience to effectively position the segment for long-term growth. Key areas of focus include service excellence, enhanced marketing, and value, core menu and breakfast daypart initiatives. We will continue to invest in new and existing restaurants, although the pace of our reimaging program is slower compared to last year.
In Europe, comparable sales decreased 1% for the quarter and increased 0.2% for the six months, reflecting positive performance in the U.K. and France offset by ongoing weakness in Germany. Looking ahead, Europe remains focused on growing the business through a renewed focus on core menu and value options, premium menu additions and limited-time offers, and we will continue to expand the breakfast daypart and beverage initiatives. In addition, we remain committed to our ongoing restaurant reimaging and technology initiatives, extending operating hours, optimizing drive-thrus and opening new restaurants.
In APMEA, comparable sales increased 1.1% for the quarter and 1.0% for the six months, benefiting from strong comparable sales performance in China, as well as positive performance in many other markets. Results were also impacted by continued weakness in Japan. In mid-July, food quality and safety issues were discovered at a supplier to certain food companies in China, including McDonald's. As a consequence, McDonald's businesses in China, Japan and certain other markets are experiencing a significant negative impact to results. The affected markets represent approximately 10% of consolidated revenues. As a result, McDonald’s is undertaking recovery strategies to restore the trust and confidence of our customers. The segment will continue to pursue customer-focused initiatives to deliver menu variety, increased convenience and branded affordability. In addition, we are focused on restaurant expansion and ongoing restaurant reimaging.
In the Company's Form 8-K dated July 22, 2014, we indicated that full year 2014 global comparable sales were expected to be relatively similar to year-to-date June performance (i.e. relatively flat) given a stagnant IEO category, sustained competitive activity, consumer price sensitivity and cost pressures. As a result of the China supplier issue, the Company’s global comparable sales forecast for 2014 is now at risk. With our current sales outlook, expected currency volatility in Russia and Ukraine, and labor and other cost pressures, we expect continued pressure on company-operated margins for the remainder of the year.
Second Quarter and Six Months 2014 Operating Results Included:
Global comparable sales decreased 0.1% for the quarter and increased 0.2% for the six months.
Consolidated revenues increased 1% (1% in constant currencies) for the quarter and increased 1% (2% in constant currencies) for the six months, benefiting from expansion.
Consolidated operating income was flat (decreased 1% in constant currencies) for the quarter and decreased 1% (0% in constant currencies) for the six months.
Diluted earnings per share was $1.40 for the quarter and $2.61 for the six months, up 1% (1% in constant currencies) and down 1% (0% in constant currencies), respectively. Foreign currency translation had a positive impact of $0.01 on diluted earnings per share for the quarter and a negative impact of $0.02 for the six months.
For the six months, the Company paid total dividends of $1.6 billion and repurchased 12.6 million shares for $1.2 billion, in connection with our $18-$20 billion, 3-year cash return target.
Outlook
While the Company does not provide specific guidance on earnings per share, the following information is provided to assist in forecasting the Company's future results.
Changes in Systemwide sales are driven by comparable sales and net restaurant unit expansion. The Company expects net restaurant additions to add approximately 2.5 percentage points to 2014 Systemwide sales growth (in constant currencies), most of which will be due to the 949 net restaurants (1,098 net traditional openings less 149 net satellite closings) added in 2013.
The Company does not generally provide specific guidance on changes in comparable sales. However, as a perspective, assuming no change in cost structure, a 1 percentage point change in comparable sales for either the U.S. or Europe would change annual diluted earnings per share by about 4 cents.

11


With about 75% of McDonald's grocery bill comprised of 10 different commodities, a basket of goods approach is the most comprehensive way to look at the Company's commodity costs. For the full year 2014, the total basket of goods cost is expected to increase 1%-2% in the U.S. and Europe.
The Company expects full-year 2014 selling, general and administrative expenses to increase approximately 4%-5% in constant currencies, with fluctuations expected between the quarters. The increase is primarily due to expenses associated with our 2014 Worldwide Owner/Operator Convention and sponsorship of the Winter Olympics, and costs related to long-term growth initiatives.
Based on current interest and foreign currency exchange rates, the Company expects interest expense for the full year 2014 to increase approximately 9% compared with 2013.
A significant part of the Company's operating income is generated outside the U.S., and about 40% of its total debt is denominated in foreign currencies. Accordingly, earnings are affected by changes in foreign currency exchange rates, particularly the Euro, British Pound, Australian Dollar and Canadian Dollar. Collectively, these currencies represent approximately 65% of the Company's operating income outside the U.S. If all four of these currencies moved by 10% in the same direction, the Company's annual diluted earnings per share would change by about 25 cents.
The Company expects the effective income tax rate for the full-year 2014 to be 31% to 33%. Some volatility may be experienced between the quarters resulting in a quarterly tax rate that is outside the annual range.
The Company expects capital expenditures for 2014 to be between $2.9-$3.0 billion. Over half of this amount will be used to open new restaurants. The Company expects to open about 1,500-1,600 restaurants including about 500 restaurants in affiliated and developmental licensee markets, such as Japan and Latin America, where the Company does not fund any capital expenditures. The Company expects net additions of between 1,000-1,100 restaurants. The remaining capital will be used to reinvest in existing locations, in part through reimaging. Over 1,000 restaurants worldwide are expected to be reimaged, including locations in affiliated and developmental licensee markets that require no capital investment from the Company.
The Company has established a 3-year cash return target of $18-$20 billion for 2014 to 2016. This target is based on several ongoing factors, including the significant free cash flow generated from our operations, as well as the use of cash proceeds from debt additions and refranchising of at least 1,500 restaurants.
The Following Definitions Apply to these Terms as Used Throughout this Form 10-Q:
Information in constant currency is calculated by translating current year results at prior year average exchange rates. Management reviews and analyzes business results excluding the effect of foreign currency translation and bases incentive compensation plans on these results because they believe this better represents the Company’s underlying business trends.
Systemwide sales include sales at all restaurants, whether operated by the Company or by franchisees. While franchised sales are not recorded as revenues by the Company, management believes the information is important in understanding the Company’s financial performance because these sales are the basis on which the Company calculates and records franchised revenues and are indicative of the financial health of the franchisee base.
Comparable sales represent sales at all restaurants and comparable guest counts represent the number of transactions at all restaurants, whether operated by the Company or by franchisees, in operation at least thirteen months including those temporarily closed. Some of the reasons restaurants may be temporarily closed include reimaging or remodeling, rebuilding, road construction and natural disasters. Comparable sales exclude the impact of currency translation. Comparable sales are driven by changes in guest counts and average check, which is affected by changes in pricing and product mix. Typically, pricing has a greater impact on average check than product mix. Management reviews the increase or decrease in comparable sales and comparable guest counts compared with the same period in the prior year to assess business trends. The number of weekdays and weekend days, referred to as the calendar shift/trading day adjustment, can impact comparable sales and guest counts. In addition, the timing of holidays can also impact comparable sales and guest counts.

12


CONSOLIDATED OPERATING RESULTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
Six Months Ended
Dollars in millions, except per share data
June 30, 2014
 
June 30, 2014
 
Amount
 
 
Increase/
(Decrease)

 
Amount
 
 
Increase/
(Decrease)

Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales by Company-operated restaurants
 
$
4,785.9

 
1
 %
 
 
$
9,276.4

 
1
 %
Revenues from franchised restaurants
 
2,395.8

 
3

 
 
4,605.6

 
3

Total revenues
 
7,181.7

 
1

 
 
13,882.0

 
1

Operating costs and expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Company-operated restaurant expenses
 
3,969.8

 
1

 
 
7,736.9

 
1

Franchised restaurants—occupancy expenses
 
427.6

 
7

 
 
844.7

 
6

Selling, general & administrative expenses
 
629.2

 
4

 
 
1,249.6

 
4

Other operating (income) expense, net
 
(33.9
)
 
15

 
 
(74.2
)
 
27

Total operating costs and expenses
 
4,992.7

 
2

 
 
9,757.0

 
2

Operating income
 
2,189.0

 
0

 
 
4,125.0

 
(1
)
Interest expense
 
137.9

 
6

 
 
273.4

 
6

Nonoperating (income) expense, net
 
(20.4
)
 
n/m

 
 
(3.2
)
 
n/m

Income before provision for income taxes
 
2,071.5

 
1

 
 
3,854.8

 
(1
)
Provision for income taxes
 
684.4

 
3

 
 
1,262.9

 
4

Net income
 
$
1,387.1

 
(1
)%
 
 
$
2,591.9

 
(3
)%
Earnings per common share-basic
 
$
1.40

 
1
 %
 
 
$
2.62

 
(2
)%
Earnings per common share-diluted
 
$
1.40

 
1
 %
 
 
$
2.61

 
(1
)%
n/m Not meaningful

13


Impact of Foreign Currency Translation
While changes in foreign currency exchange rates affect reported results, McDonald's mitigates exposures, where practical, by purchasing goods and services in local currencies, financing in local currencies and hedging certain foreign-denominated cash flows. Management reviews and analyzes business results excluding the effect of foreign currency translation and bases incentive compensation plans on these results, because they believe this better represents the Company's underlying business trends. Results excluding the effect of foreign currency translation (also referred to as constant currency) are calculated by translating current year results at prior year average exchange rates.
IMPACT OF FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dollars in millions, except per share data
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency
Translation
Benefit/
(Cost)
 
Quarters Ended June 30,
 
2014

 
 
2013

 
 
2014

Revenues
 
$
7,181.7

 
 
$
7,083.8

 
 
$
3.9

Company-operated margins
 
816.1

 
 
841.9

 
 
1.6

Franchised margins
 
1,968.2

 
 
1,923.3

 
 
4.5

Selling, general & administrative expenses
 
629.2

 
 
607.0

 
 
(4.8
)
Operating income
 
2,189.0

 
 
2,197.7

 
 
2.3

Net income
 
1,387.1

 
 
1,396.5

 
 
3.5

Earnings per share-diluted
 
$
1.40

 
 
$
1.38

 
 
$
0.01

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency
Translation
(Cost)
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2014

 
 
2013

 
 
2014

Revenues
 
$
13,882.0

 
 
$
13,689.1

 
 
$
(75.6
)
Company-operated margins
 
1,539.5

 
 
1,561.3

 
 
(8.8
)
Franchised margins
 
3,760.9

 
 
3,688.0

 
 
(14.0
)
Selling, general & administrative expenses
 
1,249.6

 
 
1,203.5

 
 
(2.0
)
Operating income
 
4,125.0

 
 
4,147.2

 
 
(26.5
)
Net income
 
2,591.9

 
 
2,666.7

 
 
(25.8
)
Earnings per share-diluted
 
$
2.61

 
 
$
2.64

 
 
$
(0.02
)
The impact of foreign currency translation on consolidated operating results for the quarter and six months was primarily due to the weaker Australian Dollar, Russian Ruble and Canadian Dollar, offset by the stronger Euro and British Pound.
Net Income and Diluted Earnings per Common Share
For the quarter, net income decreased 1% (1% in constant currencies) to $1,387.1 million, and diluted earnings per share increased 1% (1% in constant currencies) to $1.40. Foreign currency translation had a positive impact of $0.01 on diluted earnings per share.
For the six months, net income decreased 3% (2% in constant currencies) to $2,591.9 million, and diluted earnings per share decreased 1% (0% in constant currencies) to $2.61. Foreign currency translation had a negative impact of $0.02 on diluted earnings per share.
For the quarter and six months, net income benefited from higher franchised margin dollars, but was more than offset by a higher effective income tax rate, higher selling, general and administrative expenses and lower Company-operated margin dollars. Diluted earnings per share benefited from a decrease in diluted weighted average shares outstanding in both periods.
During the quarter, the Company paid a quarterly dividend of $0.81 per share or $800.6 million, bringing the total dividends paid for the six months to $1.6 billion. In addition, the Company repurchased 8.0 million shares of its stock for $810.7 million, bringing total purchases for the six months to 12.6 million shares or $1.2 billion.

14


Revenues
Revenues consist of sales by Company-operated restaurants and fees from restaurants operated by franchisees. Revenues from conventional franchised restaurants include rent and royalties based on a percent of sales along with minimum rent payments and initial fees. Revenues from franchised restaurants that are licensed to affiliates and developmental licensees include a royalty based on a percent of sales and generally include initial fees.
REVENUES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dollars in millions
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarters Ended June 30,
 
2014

 
2013

 
Inc/ (Dec)

 
Inc/ (Dec)
Excluding
Currency
Translation

Company-operated sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
 
$
1,133.4

 
$
1,164.0

 
(3
)%
 
(3
)%
Europe
 
2,074.2

 
2,058.0

 
1

 
0

APMEA
 
1,387.1

 
1,333.6

 
4

 
5

Other Countries & Corporate
 
191.2

 
205.8

 
(7
)
 
(1
)
Total
 
$
4,785.9

 
$
4,761.4

 
1
 %
 
1
 %
Franchised revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
 
$
1,115.6

 
$
1,118.4

 
0
 %
 
0
 %
Europe
 
839.1

 
779.1

 
8

 
2

APMEA
 
277.2

 
255.9

 
8

 
13

Other Countries & Corporate
 
163.9

 
169.0

 
(3
)
 
9

Total
 
$
2,395.8

 
$
2,322.4

 
3
 %
 
3
 %
Total revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
 
$
2,249.0

 
$
2,282.4

 
(1
)%
 
(1
)%
Europe
 
2,913.3

 
2,837.1

 
3

 
1

APMEA
 
1,664.3

 
1,589.5

 
5

 
6

Other Countries & Corporate
 
355.1

 
374.8

 
(5
)
 
4

Total
 
$
7,181.7

 
$
7,083.8

 
1
 %
 
1
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2014

 
2013

 
Inc/ (Dec)

 
Inc/ (Dec)
Excluding
Currency
Translation

Company-operated sales
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
U.S.
 
$
2,174.3

 
$
2,235.7

 
(3
)%
 
(3
)%
Europe
 
4,000.0

 
3,920.4

 
2

 
2

APMEA
 
2,744.0

 
2,665.2

 
3

 
5

Other Countries & Corporate
 
358.1

 
385.5

 
(7
)
 
0

Total
 
$
9,276.4

 
$
9,206.8

 
1
 %
 
2
 %
Franchised revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
 
$
2,128.8

 
$
2,135.2

 
0
 %
 
0
 %
Europe
 
1,625.5

 
1,503.1

 
8

 
3

APMEA
 
539.1

 
518.0

 
4

 
11

Other Countries & Corporate
 
312.2

 
326.0

 
(4
)
 
8

Total
 
$
4,605.6

 
$
4,482.3

 
3
 %
 
3
 %
Total revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
 
$
4,303.1

 
$
4,370.9

 
(2
)%
 
(2
)%
Europe
 
5,625.5

 
5,423.5

 
4

 
2

APMEA
 
3,283.1

 
3,183.2

 
3

 
6

Other Countries & Corporate
 
670.3

 
711.5

 
(6
)
 
4

Total
 
$
13,882.0

 
$
13,689.1

 
1
 %
 
2
 %



15


Consolidated revenues increased 1% (1% in constant currencies) for the quarter and increased 1% (2% in constant currencies) for the six months due to expansion.
In the U.S., revenues decreased for the quarter and six months due to negative comparable sales, reflecting negative comparable guest counts amid ongoing broad-based challenges.
In Europe, the constant currency increase in revenues for the quarter and six months benefited from expansion, primarily in Russia. Revenue growth also benefited from positive comparable sales performance in the U.K. and France, offset by negative results in Germany.
In APMEA, the constant currency increase in revenues for the quarter and six months was driven by China and other Asian markets due to positive comparable sales performance and expansion, partly offset by the impact of refranchising in Australia.
The following table presents the percent change in comparable sales for the quarters ended June 30, 2014 and 2013:
COMPARABLE SALES
 
 
 
 
 
 
Increase/ (Decrease)
 
Quarters Ended
 
Six Months Ended
  
June 30,
 
June 30,*
 
2014

 
2013

 
2014

 
2013

U.S.
(1.5
)%
 
1.0
 %
 
(1.6
)%
 
(0.1
)%
Europe
(1.0
)
 
(0.1
)
 
0.2

 
(0.6
)
APMEA
1.1

 
(0.3
)
 
1.0

 
(1.9
)
Other Countries & Corporate
5.6

 
6.6

 
5.8

 
6.1

Total
(0.1
)%
 
1.0
 %
 
0.2
 %
 
0.0
 %
*
On a consolidated basis, comparable guest counts decreased 3.0% and 1.2% for the six months 2014 and 2013, respectively.
The following table presents the percent change in Systemwide sales for the quarter and six months ended June 30, 2014:
SYSTEMWIDE SALES
 
 
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
Six Months Ended
  
June 30, 2014
 
June 30, 2014
 
Inc/ (Dec)

 
Inc/ (Dec)
Excluding
Currency
Translation

 
Inc/ (Dec)

Inc/ (Dec)
Excluding
Currency
Translation

U.S.
(1
)%
 
(1
)%
 
(1
)%
(1
)%
Europe
6

 
2

 
6

3

APMEA
3

 
6

 
0

6

Other Countries & Corporate
(6
)
 
9

 
(6
)
10

Total
1
 %
 
2
 %
 
1
 %
3
 %
    

16


Franchised sales are not recorded as revenues by the Company, but are the basis on which the Company calculates and records franchised revenues and are indicative of the health of the franchisee base. The following table presents Franchised sales and the related increases/(decreases):
FRANCHISED SALES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dollars in millions
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarters Ended June 30,
 
2014

 
2013

 
Inc/ (Dec)

 
Increase
Excluding
Currency
Translation

U.S.
 
$
8,058.3

 
$
8,083.5

 
0
 %
 
0
%
Europe
 
4,730.0

 
4,384.8

 
8

 
2

APMEA
 
3,171.3

 
3,100.0

 
2

 
6

Other Countries & Corporate
 
1,974.2

 
2,091.8

 
(6
)
 
10

Total*
 
$
17,933.8

 
$
17,660.1

 
2
 %
 
3
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2014

 
2013

 
Inc/ (Dec)

 
Increase
Excluding
Currency
Translation

U.S.
 
$
15,396.4

 
$
15,460.1

 
0
 %
 
0
%
Europe
 
9,132.2

 
8,449.4

 
8

 
3

APMEA
 
6,280.1

 
6,336.6

 
(1
)
 
6

Other Countries & Corporate
 
3,841.8

 
4,069.8

 
(6
)
 
11

Total*
 
$
34,650.5

 
$
34,315.9

 
1
 %
 
3
%
*
Sales from developmental licensed restaurants and foreign affiliated markets where the Company earns a royalty based on a percent of sales totaled $3,569.9 million and $3,646.5 million for the quarters 2014 and 2013, respectively, and $7,118.4 million and $7,372.9 million for the six months 2014 and 2013, respectively. Results were negatively impacted by many weaker currencies in Latin America. The remaining balance of franchised sales is derived from conventional franchised restaurants where the Company earns rent and royalties based primarily on a percent of sales.

17


Restaurant Margins
FRANCHISED AND COMPANY-OPERATED RESTAURANT MARGINS
Dollars in millions
 
Percent    
 
Amount    
 
Inc/ (Dec)

 
Inc/ (Dec)
Excluding
Currency
Translation

Quarters Ended June 30,
2014

 
2013

 
2014

 
2013

 
 
Franchised
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
83.8
%
 
84.1
%
 
$
934.4

 
$
940.7

 
(1
)%
 
(1
)%
Europe
78.0

 
78.6

 
654.6

 
612.4

 
7

 
1

APMEA
86.1

 
87.6

 
238.6

 
224.3

 
6

 
11

Other Countries & Corporate
85.7

 
86.3

 
140.6

 
145.9

 
(4
)
 
9

Total
82.2
%
 
82.8
%
 
$
1,968.2

 
$
1,923.3

 
2
 %
 
2
 %
Company-operated
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
18.3
%
 
18.7
%
 
$
207.9

 
$
217.9

 
(5
)%
 
(5
)%
Europe
18.6

 
19.4

 
385.7

 
399.6

 
(3
)
 
(5
)
APMEA
13.7

 
14.3

 
190.7

 
190.8

 
0

 
1

Other Countries & Corporate
16.6

 
16.3

 
31.8

 
33.6

 
(5
)
 
1

Total
17.1
%
 
17.7
%
 
$
816.1

 
$
841.9

 
(3
)%
 
(3
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Percent
 
Amount
 
Inc/ (Dec)

 
Inc/ (Dec)
Excluding
Currency
Translation

Six Months Ended June 30,
2014

 
2013

 
2014

 
2013

 
 
Franchised
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
83.2
%
 
83.5
%
 
$
1,770.5

 
$
1,783.9

 
(1
)%
 
(1
)%
Europe
77.5

 
77.9

 
1,259.4

 
1,170.3

 
8

 
3

APMEA
86.2

 
87.7

 
464.7

 
454.2

 
2

 
10

Other Countries & Corporate
85.3

 
85.8

 
266.3

 
279.6

 
(5
)
 
9

Total
81.7
%
 
82.3
%
 
$
3,760.9

 
$
3,688.0

 
2
 %
 
2
 %
Company-operated
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
17.8
%
 
18.1
%
 
$
388.0

 
$
404.7

 
(4
)%
 
(4
)%
Europe
17.8

 
18.1

 
713.7

 
711.3

 
0

 
0

APMEA
13.9

 
14.4

 
381.2

 
384.9

 
(1
)
 
2

Other Countries & Corporate
15.8

 
15.7

 
56.6

 
60.4

 
(6
)
 
1

Total
16.6
%
 
17.0
%
 
$
1,539.5

 
$
1,561.3

 
(1
)%
 
(1
)%
Franchised margin dollars increased $44.9 million or 2% (2% in constant currencies) for the quarter and increased $72.9 million or 2% (2% in constant currencies) for the six months due to expansion in both periods.
In the U.S., the franchised margin percent decreased for the quarter and six months due to negative comparable sales and higher depreciation, primarily related to reimaging.
In Europe, the franchised margin percent decreased for the quarter and six months due to the impact of refranchising in Germany and certain other markets and higher rent expense in some markets. The decrease for the quarter was also impacted by negative comparable sales, primarily in Germany.
In APMEA, the franchised margin percent decreased for the quarter and six months partly due to the impact of refranchising and higher rent expense in Australia. The margin percent decrease also reflected a higher proportion of conventionally-franchised restaurants relative to developmentally-licensed and affiliate restaurants. While this has a dilutive effect on the franchised margin percent, it results in higher franchised margin dollars.

18


Company-operated margin dollars decreased $25.8 million or 3% (3% in constant currencies) for the quarter and decreased $21.8 million or 1% (1% in constant currencies) for the six months.
In the U.S., the Company-operated margin percent decreased for the quarter and six months as the positive impact of a higher average check was more than offset by negative comparable guest counts and higher commodity and labor costs.
In Europe, the Company-operated margin percent decreased for the quarter and six months reflecting higher imported commodity costs in Russia and Ukraine due to weaker currencies, and negative performance in Germany. Both periods benefited from positive comparable sales performance in France and the U.K.
In APMEA, the Company-operated margin percent for the quarter and six months decreased as the impact of positive comparable sales was offset by higher labor, occupancy and other costs, as well as the negative impact of new restaurant openings. While the margin percent grew in certain markets, including China, refranchising in Australia and the weaker Australian Dollar negatively impacted the segment's overall margin.
The following table presents Company-operated restaurant margin components as a percent of sales:
CONSOLIDATED COMPANY-OPERATED RESTAURANT EXPENSES AND MARGINS AS A PERCENT OF SALES
 
Quarters Ended
 
Six Months Ended
  
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2014

 
2013

 
2014

 
2013

Food & paper
33.6
%
 
33.7
%
 
33.6
%
 
33.8
%
Payroll & employee benefits
25.8

 
25.7

 
26.0

 
26.0

Occupancy & other operating expenses
23.5

 
22.9

 
23.8

 
23.2

Total expenses
82.9
%
 
82.3
%
 
83.4
%
 
83.0
%
Company-operated margins
17.1
%
 
17.7
%
 
16.6
%
 
17.0
%
Selling, General & Administrative Expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $22.2 million or 4% (3% in constant currencies) for the quarter and increased $46.1 million or 4% (4% in constant currencies) for the six months primarily due to costs associated with the 2014 Worldwide Owner/Operator Convention and higher employee costs. The six months also included costs related to the 2014 Winter Olympics.
For the six months, selling, general and administrative expenses as a percent of revenues increased to 9.0% for 2014 compared with 8.8% for 2013, and as a percent of Systemwide sales was 2.8% for 2014 and 2013.
Other Operating (Income) Expense, Net
OTHER OPERATING (INCOME) EXPENSE, NET
 
 
 
 
Dollars in millions
 
Quarters Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2014

 
2013

 
2014

 
2013

Gains on sales of restaurant businesses
$
(21.9
)
 
$
(31.4
)
 
$
(50.9
)
 
$
(84.1
)
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates
(14.4
)
 
(24.9
)
 
(30.9
)
 
(43.6
)
Asset dispositions and other (income) expense, net
2.4

 
16.8

 
7.6

 
26.3

Total
$
(33.9
)
 
$
(39.5
)
 
$
(74.2
)
 
$
(101.4
)
The Company's sale of restaurants to franchisees are aimed at achieving an optimal ownership mix in each market. Gains on sales of restaurant businesses decreased for the quarter and six months, primarily in Australia.
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates decreased for the quarter and six months primarily due to weaker operating performance in Japan.
Asset dispositions and other expense decreased for the quarter and six months due to lower write-offs and higher other income items.