10-K 1 d446608d10k.htm FORM 10-K Form 10-K
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K

 

 

 

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For The Year Ended December 31, 2012

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For The Transition Period From             To

Commission file number 001-13795

 

 

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

 

 

 

Delaware   95-2588080

(State or other jurisdiction of

Incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

4695 MacArthur Court, Newport Beach, California   92660
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(949) 260-1200

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class:

 

Name of each exchange on which registered:

Common Stock, $.10 par value   New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

NONE

 

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ¨    No    x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15 (d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer    x   Accelerated filer    ¨    Non-accelerated filer    ¨   Smaller reporting company    ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

The aggregate market value of the voting stock of the registrant held by non-affiliates is $703.0 million. This figure is estimated as of June 30, 2012 at which date the closing price of the registrant’s Common Stock on the New York Stock Exchange was $26.59 per share. For purposes of this calculation, shares owned by executive officers, directors, and 5% stockholders known to the registrant have been deemed to be owned by affiliates. The number of shares of $.10 par value Common Stock outstanding as of June 30, 2012, was 27,897,069. The number of shares of $.10 par value Common Stock outstanding as of February 22, 2013 was 28,486,975.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K

December 31, 2012

 

          Page No.  
   PART I   

Item 1.

   Business      1   

Item 1A.

   Risk Factors      6   

Item 1B.

   Unresolved Staff Comments      9   

Item 2.

   Properties      10   

Item 3.

   Legal Proceedings      11   

Item 4.

   Mine Safety Disclosures      15   
   PART II   

Item 5.

   Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities      16   

Item 6.

   Selected Financial Data      18   

Item 7.

   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      19   

Item 7A.

   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk      33   

Item 8.

   Financial Statements and Supplementary Data      33   

Item 9.

   Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure      33   

Item 9A.

   Controls and Procedures      34   

Item 9B.

   Other Information      36   
   PART III   

Item 10.

   Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance      36   

Item 11.

   Executive Compensation      36   

Item 12.

   Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters      36   

Item 13.

   Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence      36   

Item 14.

   Principal Accountant Fees and Services      36   
   PART IV   

Item 15.

   Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules      38   

SIGNATURES AND CERTIFICATIONS

     39   

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

PART I

Unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, the terms “Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to American Vanguard Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries.

Forward-looking statements in this report, including without limitation, statements relating to the Company’s plans, strategies, objectives, expectations, intentions, and adequacy of resources, are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Investors are cautioned that such forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties. (Refer to PART II, Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation, Risk Factors, of this Annual Report.)

 

ITEM 1 BUSINESS

American Vanguard Corporation (“AVD”) was incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware in January 1969 and operates as a holding company. Unless the context otherwise requires, references to the “Company”, or the “Registrant” in this Annual Report refer to AVD and its consolidated subsidiaries. The Company conducts its business through its subsidiaries, AMVAC Chemical Corporation (“AMVAC”), GemChem, Inc. (“GemChem”), 2110 Davie Corporation (“DAVIE”), Quimica Amvac de Mexico S.A. de C.V. (“AMVAC M”), AMVAC de Costa Rica Sociedad Anonima (“AMVAC CR”), AMVAC Switzerland GmbH (“AMVAC S”), AMVAC do Brasil Representácoes Ltda (“AMVAC B”), AMVAC Chemical UK Ltd. (“AMVAC UK”), AMVAC CV (“AMVAC CV”), AMVAC Netherlands BV (“AMVAC BV”) and Envance Technologies, LLC (“Envance”).

Based on similar economic and operational characteristics, the Company’s business is aggregated into one reportable segment. Refer to Part I, Item 7 for selective enterprise information.

AMVAC

AMVAC is a California corporation that traces its history from 1945. AMVAC is a specialty chemical manufacturer that develops and markets products for agricultural and commercial uses. It manufactures and formulates chemicals for crops, human and animal health protection. These chemicals, which include insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, molluscicides, growth regulators, and soil fumigants, are marketed in liquid, powder, and granular forms. In prior years, AMVAC considered itself a distributor-formulator, but now AMVAC primarily manufactures, distributes, and formulates its own proprietary products or custom manufactures or formulates for others. AMVAC has historically expanded its business through both the acquisition of established chemistries (which it has revived in the marketplace) and the development and commercialization of new compounds through licensing arrangements. Below is a description of the Company’s acquisition/licensing activity over the past five years.

On November 30, 2012, AMVAC, along with TyraTech, Inc. (“TyraTech”), a Delaware corporation that specializes in developing, marketing and selling pesticide products containing essential oils and other natural ingredients formed Envance, a Delaware limited liability company. The Company holds a 60% equity interest in Envance and TyraTech holds 40% equity interest. Envance will develop and commercialize pesticide products and technologies in global consumer, commercial, professional, crop protection and seed treatment markets. Envance is headquartered at TyraTech’s facility in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina.

On October 7, 2011, AMVAC completed the acquisition of the international rights to the cotton defoliant product tribufos (sold under the trade name Def ®) from Bayer CropScience AG (“BCS AG”). The acquired assets include registrations and data rights, rights relating to manufacturing and formulation know-how, inventories, and the trademark Def. Def complements AMVAC’s existing cotton defoliant product Folex®, which it has marketed since 2002. This acquisition also complements the U.S. rights to Def that the Company purchased from BCS AG in July 2010 (see below). Both Folex and Def are fast and effective cotton defoliants that facilitate the removal of leaves surrounding the cotton boll and in combination with other products function as a harvest aid. AMVAC had acquired the U.S. rights to Def from BCS AG on July 21, 2010.

On December 20, 2010, AMVAC completed the acquisition of a global product line relating to the active ingredient tebupirimfos from BCS AG. The acquired assets include product rights (registrations and data rights, rights relating to manufacturing and formulation know-how), inventories, the trademarks Aztec®, Azteca® and Capinda® and customer lists associated with these products. When combined in a mixture with another active ingredient Cyfluthrin, the resulting dual active ingredient product is a leading insecticide that is registered in the United States as Aztec and in Mexico as Azteca, where it is used to combat such soil borne insects as rootworm, cutworm, wireworm, seed corn maggots/beetles and white grub in a variety of corn crops. Additionally, it is registered in South Korea (and sold under the trade name Capinda) for use primarily in vegetable crops such as Chinese cabbage and ginseng.

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

On December 7, 2010, AMVAC completed the acquisition of a global insecticide product line relating to the active ingredient ethoprophos (sold under the trade name Mocap®) from BCS AG. The acquired assets include product rights (registrations and data rights, rights relating to manufacturing and formulation know-how), inventories, the Ultima® packaging system, the trademarks Mocap and Ultima and customer lists associated with the product. Mocap is a leading soil insecticide that is registered in 50 countries where it is used to combat nematode species in a wide range of crops.

On December 7, 2010, AMVAC completed the acquisition of a global (except for Europe and Argentina) insecticide product line relating to the active ingredient fenamiphos (sold under the trade name Nemacur®) from BCS AG. The acquired assets include product rights (registrations and data rights, rights relating to manufacturing and formulation know-how), inventories, the trademark Nemacur and customer lists associated with the product. Nemacur is a leading soil insecticide that is registered in 30 countries for use primarily as a nematicide with additional efficacy against above ground sucking insects.

On October 14, 2010, AMVAC and Kanesho Soil Treatment completed agreements with Certis-USA regarding the crop protection product Basamid® (dazomet) under which AMVAC became the exclusive distributor and registration holder for this granular soil fumigant in the United States. Certis-USA, will continue to market Basamid into non-food crop applications under a distribution agreement with Amvac. Basamid complements the strong market position of AMVAC’s Vapam® & K-Pam® soil fumigant brands. The Company will be developing the use of Basamid for high-valued crop segments such as strawberries, tomatoes, lettuce & spinach and will be responsible for the re-registration of dazomet in the United States.

On May 16, 2008, AMVAC completed the acquisition of the phorate (sold by the Company under the Trade name Thimet®) insecticide product line from Aceto Agricultural Chemicals Corporation (“Aceto AG”). Thimet is used on agricultural crops, mainly potatoes, corn, cotton, rice, sugarcane and peanuts, to protect against chewing and piercing-sucking insects. Purchased assets included registrations, data, know-how and certain inventories. The acquisition was undertaken in connection with the settlement of litigation between AMVAC and Aceto AG.

On March 7, 2008, AMVAC acquired from Bayer Cropscience LP (“BCS LP”) certain assets at BCS LP’s facility located in Marsing, ID (the “Marsing Facility”). The Marsing Facility consists of approximately 17 acres of improved real property, 15 of which are now owned by AMVAC and two of which are leased by AMVAC from the City of Marsing for a term of 25 years. The acquired assets primarily include real property, buildings and manufacturing equipment. In connection with the acquisition, AMVAC and BCS LP agreed to enter into a master processor agreement under which AMVAC is providing certain tolling services to BCS LP for a period of four years.

On January 16, 2008, AMVAC acquired from Valent U.S.A. Corporation the Orthene® insecticide product line. Orthene is used on agricultural crops, including beans, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, celery, cotton, cranberries, head lettuce, mint and ornamental and forests. AMVAC purchased the proprietary formulation information, registration rights, marketing materials, certain intellectual property rights and existing inventories of the agricultural and professional product lines.

Seasonality

The agricultural chemical industry, in general, is cyclical in nature. The demand for AMVAC’s products tends to be seasonal. Seasonal usage, however, does not necessarily follow calendar dates, but more closely follows varying growing seasonal patterns, weather conditions, weather related pressure from pests and customer marketing programs.

Backlog

AMVAC does not believe that backlog is a significant factor in its business. AMVAC primarily sells its products on the basis of purchase orders, although it has entered into requirements contracts with certain customers.

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

Customers

Tenkoz, Crop Production Services, Inc. (formerly United Agri Products, Western Farm Services and Crop Production Services), and Winfield Solutions, LLC accounted for 24%, 19%, and 10% respectively of the Company’s sales in 2012; 26%, 18%, and 11% in 2011; and 23%, 19% and 11% in 2010.

Distribution

AMVAC distributes its products domestically predominantly through national distribution companies (see “Customers” above) that purchase AMVAC’s goods on a purchase order basis, and, in turn, sell them to retailers/growers/end-users. The company’s domestic and international distributors typically have long-established relationships with retailers/end-users, far-reaching logistics and transportation capabilities, and customer service expertise. The markets for AMVAC products vary by region, target crop, use and type of distribution channel. AMVAC’s distributors are expert at addressing these markets. Internationally, the company sells product either via its sales offices in the Netherlands, Mexico or Cost Rica, via employed sales force executives located in France, Canada and Venezuela, or via sales agents in other territories.

Competition

AMVAC faces competition from many domestic and foreign manufacturers in its marketplaces. Competition in AMVAC’s marketplace is based primarily on quality, efficacy, price, safety and ease of application. Many of our competitors are larger and have substantially greater financial and technical resources than AMVAC. AMVAC’s ability to compete depends on its ability to develop additional applications for its current products and expand its product lines and customer base. AMVAC competes principally on the basis of the quality and efficacy of its products, price and the technical service and support given to its customers.

Generally, the treatment against pests of any kind is broad in scope, there being more than one way or one product for treatment, eradication, or suppression. In most cases, AMVAC has attempted to position itself in smaller niche markets which are no longer addressed by larger companies.

Manufacturing

Through its four domestic manufacturing facilities (see Item 2, Properties), AMVAC synthesizes many of the technical grade active ingredients that are in its end-use products. Further, AMVAC formulates and packages the majority of its end-use products at its own facilities or at the facilities of third-party formulators.

Raw Materials

AMVAC utilizes numerous companies, as well as internal sources, to supply the various raw materials and components used in manufacturing its products. Many of these materials are readily available from domestic sources. In those instances where there is a single source of supply or where the source is not domestic, AMVAC seeks to secure its supply by either long-term (multi-year) arrangements or purchasing on long lead times from its suppliers. AMVAC believes that it is considered to be a valued customer to such sole-source suppliers.

Intellectual Property

AMVAC’s proprietary product formulations are protected, to the extent possible, as trade secrets and, to a lesser extent, by patents. Further, AMVAC’s trademarks bring value to its products in both domestic and foreign markets. Although AMVAC considers that, in the aggregate, its trademarks, licenses, and patents constitute a valuable asset, it does not regard its business as being materially dependent upon any single trademark, license, or patent.

EPA Registrations

AMVAC’s products also receive protection afforded by the effect of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (“FIFRA”) legislation. The legislation makes it unlawful to sell any pesticide in the United States, unless such pesticide has first been registered by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (“USEPA”) . Substantially all of AMVAC’s products are subject to USEPA registration and re-registration requirements and are registered in accordance with FIFRA. This registration by USEPA is based, among other things, on data demonstrating that the product will not cause unreasonable adverse effects on human health or the environment, when it is used according to approved label directions. All states, where any of AMVAC’s products are used, require a registration by that specific state before it can be marketed or used in that state. State registrations are renewed annually, as appropriate. The

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

USEPA and state agencies have required, and may require in the future, that certain scientific data requirements be performed on registered products sold by AMVAC. AMVAC, on its own behalf and in joint efforts with other registrants, has furnished, and is currently furnishing, certain required data relative to specific products.

Under FIFRA, the federal government requires registrants to submit a wide range of scientific data to support U.S. registrations. This requirement results in operating expenses in such areas as testing and the production of new products. AMVAC expensed $17,809, $15,496, and $10,023 during 2012, 2011 and 2010 respectively, related to gathering this information. See also PART II, Item 7 of this Annual Report on form 10-K for discussions pertaining to research and development expenses.

Environmental

During 2012, AMVAC continued activities to address environmental issues associated with its facility in Commerce, CA. (the “Facility”). An outline of the history of those activities follows.

In 1995, the California Department of Toxic Substances Control (“DTSC”) conducted a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (“RCRA”) Facility Assessment (“RFA”) of those facilities having hazardous waste storage permits. In March 1997, the RFA culminated in DTSC accepting the Facility into its Expedited Remedial Action Program. Under this program, the Facility was required to conduct an environmental investigation and health risk assessment. Depending on the findings of these investigations, the Facility might also be required to develop and implement remedial measures to address any historical environmental impairment.

This activity then took two paths: the RCRA permit closure and the larger site characterization. With respect to the permit closure, in 1998, AMVAC began the formal process to close its hazardous waste permit at the Facility (which had allowed AMVAC to store hazardous waste longer than 90 days) as required by federal regulations. Formal regulatory closure actions began in 2005 and were completed in 2008, as evidenced by DTSC’s October 1, 2008 acknowledgement of AMVAC’s Closure Certification Report.

With respect to the site characterization, soil and groundwater characterization activities began in December 2002 in accordance with the Site Investigation Plan that was approved by the DTSC. Additional activities were conducted from 2003 to 2011, with oversight provided by the DTSC. Additional review of groundwater and soil data is being conducted in response to federally-mandated initiatives of similarly affected sites. Risk assessment activities have concluded, and the company will prepare and submit a remedial action plan in 2013. Until the remedial action plan has been submitted and comments are received from DTSC, it is uncertain whether the cost associated with further investigation and potential remediation activities will have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements or its results of operations. Thus, the Company is unable to determine whether remediation is probable, nor can the cost of remediation be reasonably estimated (the scope can vary depending upon the risk assessment and many other factors). Accordingly, the Company has not set up a loss contingency with respect thereto.

AMVAC is subject to numerous federal and state laws and governmental regulations concerning environmental matters and employee health and safety at the Axis, AL; Commerce, CA; Marsing, ID; and Hannibal, MO facilities. AMVAC continually adapts its manufacturing process to the environmental control standards of the various regulatory agencies. The USEPA and other federal and state agencies have the authority to promulgate regulations that could have an impact on AMVAC’s operations.

AMVAC expends substantial funds to minimize the discharge of materials in the environment and to comply with the governmental regulations relating to protection of the environment. Wherever feasible, AMVAC recovers raw materials and increases product yield in order to partially offset increasing pollution abatement costs.

The Company is committed to a long-term environmental protection program that reduces emissions of hazardous materials into the environment, as well as to the remediation of identified existing environmental concerns.

Employees

As of December 31, 2012, the Company employed 504 employees. From time to time, due to the seasonality of its business, AMVAC uses temporary contract personnel to perform certain duties primarily related to packaging of its products. None of the Company’s employees are subject to a collective bargaining agreement. The Company believes it maintains positive relations with its employees.

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

Domestic operations

AMVAC is a California corporation incorporated in 1971. It is the Company’s main operating subsidiary. It owns and/or operates the Company’s domestic manufacturing facilities and is also the parent company for all its foreign corporations. AMVAC manufactures, formulates, packages and sells its products predominantly in the USA and, in 2012, in 54 other countries. AMVAC is a wholly owned subsidiary of AVD.

GemChem is a California corporation incorporated in 1991 and purchased by the Company in 1994. GemChem is a national chemical distributor. GemChem, in addition to purchasing key raw materials for the Company, also sells into the pharmaceutical, cosmetic and nutritional markets. Prior to the acquisition, GemChem acted in the capacity of the domestic sales force for the Company (from September 1991). GemChem is a wholly owned subsidiary of AVD.

DAVIE currently owns real estate for corporate use only. See also PART I, Item 2 of this Annual Report. DAVIE is a wholly owned subsidiary of AVD.

On November 30, 2012, AMVAC and TyraTech, formed a Delaware limited liability company, Envance, in which the Company owns 60% of the equity interest. Envance will develop and commercialize pesticide products and technologies in global consumer, commercial, professional, crop protection and seed treatment markets.

Export Operations

In July 2012, the Company formed AMVAC CV and AMVAC BV, which are incorporated in the Netherlands, for the purpose of managing foreign sales on behalf of the Company.

The Company opened an office in 2008 in Costa Rica to conduct business in Costa Rica and other countries in Central America. The office is operated by AMVAC CR and markets chemical products for agricultural and commercial uses.

The Company opened an office in Basel, Switzerland in 2006. The office is operated by AMVAC S. The Company formed the new subsidiary to expand its resources dedicated to business development opportunities.

The Company also formed a Brazilian entity in 2006 operating as AMVAC B. It functions primarily to maintain the company’s registrations in that country.

The Company opened an office in 1998 in Mexico to conduct business primarily in Mexico. The office is operated by AMVAC M and markets chemical products for agricultural and commercial uses.

The Company opened an office in 1994 in the United Kingdom. The office is operated by AMVAC UK and manages product registrations for AMVAC’s product lines throughout Europe.

The Company classifies as export sales all products bearing foreign labeling shipped to a foreign destination.

 

     2012     2011     2010  

Export sales

   $ 69,909      $ 63,454      $ 39,049   

Percentage of net sales

     19.1     21.1     17.2

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

Risk Management

The Company regularly monitors matters, whether insurable or not, that could pose material risk to its operations. The Company’s Board of Directors has formally assumed responsibility for risk oversight; in 2010, the Board formed a Risk Committee, which, consists of three members of the Board of Directors. It should be noted that, usually, all members of the Board attend the regular meetings of the Risk Committee. The committee meets regularly with senior management to evaluate the Company’s risk profile, to identify mitigation measures and to ensure that the Company is prudently managing these risks. In support of the Risk Committee senior management has appointed a risk manager and designated several senior executives to lead teams focused on addressing each of several of the most material risks facing the Company; these groups perform analysis with the benefit of operational knowledge. Over the course of 2012, the company continued to implement an enterprise risk management program, which extends to all areas of potential risk and is intended to serve as a permanent feature in the Company’s operation. In addition, the Company continually evaluates insurance levels for product liability, property damage and other potential areas of risk. Management believes its facilities and equipment are adequately insured against loss from usual business risks.

Available Information

The Company makes available free of charge (through its website, www.american-vanguard.com), its Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Such reports are also available free of charge on the SEC website, www.sec.gov. Also available free of charge on the Company’s website are the Company’s Audit Committee, Compensation Committee, Finance Committee and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee Charters, the Company’s Corporate Governance Guidelines, the Company’s Code of Conduct and Ethics, the Company’s Employee Complaint Procedures for Accounting and Auditing Matters and our policy on Stockholder Nomination and Communication. The Company’s Internet website and the information contained therein or incorporated therein are not intended to be incorporated into this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

The regulatory climate has grown increasingly challenging to the Company’s interests both domestically and internationally—Various agencies within the U.S. government continue to exercise increased scrutiny in permitting continued uses (or the expansion of such uses) of older chemistries, including many of the Company’s products and, in some cases, have initiated or entertained challenges to these uses. The challenge of the regulatory climate is even more pronounced in certain other geographical regions, most especially the European Union and Brazil, where the Company faces resistance to the continued use of certain of its products. There is no guarantee that this climate will change in the near term, nor is there any guarantee that the Company will be able to maintain or expand the uses of many of its products in the face of these regulatory challenges.

Use of the Company’s products is subject to continuing challenges from activist groups—Use of agrochemical products, including the Company’s products is regularly challenged by activist groups in many jurisdictions under a multitude of federal and state statutes, including FIFRA, the Food Quality Protection Act, Endangered Species Act, and the Clean Water Act, to name a few. These challenges typically take the form of lawsuits or administrative proceedings against the USEPA and/or other federal or state agencies, the filing of amicus briefs in pending actions, the introduction of legislation that is inimical to the Company’s interests, and/or adverse comments made in response to public comment invited by USEPA in the course of registration, re-registration or label expansion. It is possible that one or more of these challenges could succeed, resulting in a material adverse effect upon one or more of our products.

The distribution and sale of the Company’s products are subject to prior governmental approvals and thereafter ongoing governmental regulation—The Company’s products are subject to laws administered by federal, state and foreign governments, including regulations requiring registration, approval and labeling of its products. The labeling requirements restrict the use of and type of application for our products. More stringent restrictions could make our products less available, which would adversely affect our revenues and profitability. Substantially all of the Company’s products are subject to the USEPA registration and re-registration requirements, and are conditionally registered in accordance with FIFRA. Such registration requirements are based, among other things, on data demonstrating that the product will not cause unreasonable adverse effects on human health or the environment when used according to approved label directions. All states where any of the Company’s products are used also require registration before they can be marketed or used in that state. Governmental regulatory authorities have required, and may require in the future, that certain scientific data requirements be performed on

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

the Company’s products. The Company, on its behalf and also in joint efforts with other registrants, has and is currently furnishing certain required data relative to its products. There can be no assurance, however, that the USEPA will not request that certain tests or studies be repeated or that more stringent legislation or requirements will not be imposed in the future. The Company can provide no assurance that any testing approvals or registrations will be granted on a timely basis, if at all, or that its resources will be adequate to meet the costs of regulatory compliance.

The manufacturing of the Company’s products is subject to governmental regulations—The Company currently owns and operates three manufacturing facilities in Los Angeles, California; Axis, Alabama; and Marsing, Idaho and owns and has manufacturing services provided in a fourth facility in Hannibal, Missouri (the “Facilities”). The Facilities operate under the terms and conditions imposed by required licenses and permits by state and local authorities. The manufacturing of key ingredients for certain of the Company’s products occurs at the Facilities. An inability to renew or maintain a license or permit or a significant increase in the fees for such licenses or permits could impede the Company’s manufacture of one or more of its products and/or increase the cost of production; this, in turn, would materially and adversely affect the Company’s ability to provide its products in a timely and affordable manner.

The Company faces competition in certain markets from manufacturers of genetically modified seeds—The Company faces competition from larger companies that market genetically modified (“GMO”) seeds in certain of the crop protection sectors in which the Company competes, particularly that of corn. Many growers that have chosen to use GMO seeds have reduced their use of the types of pesticides sold by the Company. Further, the federally mandated “refuge acre” requirement for corn (which, in the name of preventing pest resistance, required growers using GMO seeds to set aside a percentage of their planting acres for non-GMO seed), has been sharply reduced. There is no guarantee that the Company will maintain its market share or pricing levels in sectors that are subject to competition from GMO seed marketers or that federal mandates to set aside acreage for non-GMO seed will continue.

The Company is dependent upon certain sole source suppliers for certain of its active ingredients—In conjunction with the purchase and/or licensing of various product lines (including Mocap, Nemacur, Impact® and Force®), the Company has been required by sellers/licensors to enter into multi-year supply arrangements under which such counterparties are the sole source of either active ingredients and/or formulated end-use product. In some cases, the manufacturer has been unable to deliver the volume of product necessary to meet the Company’s demand. Further, certain manufacturers have expressed a desire to discontinue production of such goods earlier than anticipated. In one case, the manufacturer has entered the market as a competitor. There is no guarantee that these sole source manufacturers will be willing or able to supply these products to the Company reliably, continuously and at the levels anticipated by the Company or required by the market. In addition, while the Company is making efforts to transfer production of certain of these products to its own facilities, there is no guarantee that these initiatives will be successful or that they will be completed in a timely fashion so as to permit the Company to meet market demand in the short to mid-term. If these sources prove to be unreliable and the Company is not able to supplant or otherwise second source these manufacturers, it is possible that the Company will not realize its projected sales, which, in turn, could adversely affect the Company’s results of operation.

The Company may be subject to environmental liabilities—While the Company expends substantial funds to minimize the discharge of materials into the environment and to comply with governmental regulations relating to protection of the environment and its workforce, federal and state authorities may nevertheless seek fines and penalties for violation of the various laws and governmental regulations. Further, these various governmental agencies could, among other things, impose liability on the Company for cleaning up the damage resulting from the release of pesticides and other agents into the environment. In addition, while the Company continually adapts its manufacturing processes to the environmental control standards of regulatory authorities, it cannot completely eliminate the risk of accidental contamination or injury from hazardous or regulated materials. In the event of such contamination or injury, the Company may be held liable for significant damages or fines. In the event that such damages or fines are assessed, it could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition and results of operation.

The Company’s business may be adversely affected by cyclical and seasonal effects—Demand for the Company’s products tends to be seasonal. Seasonal usage follows varying agricultural seasonal patterns, weather conditions and weather related pressure from pests, and customer marketing programs and requirements. Weather patterns can have an impact on the Company’s operations. For example, the end user of its products may, because of weather patterns, delay or intermittently disrupt field work during the planting season, which may result in a reduction of the use of some products and therefore may reduce the Company’s revenues and profitability. There can be no assurance that the Company will adequately address any adverse seasonal effects.

The Company faces competition from generic competitors that source product from countries having lower cost structures—The Company continues to face competition from competitors that may enter the market through making offers to pay data compensation and then subsequently may source material from countries having lower cost structures

 

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(typically India and China). These competitors typically tend to operate at thinner gross margins and, with low costs of goods, can drive pricing and profitability of subject product lines downward. Further, such competitors typically spend little on product stewardship and employ few personnel within the United States. In effect, they may attempt to commoditize all products which they distribute; that is, they operate by offering the lowest price goods. There is no guarantee that the Company will maintain market share over generic competitors or that such competitors will not offer generic versions of the Company’s products in the future.

The Company’s key customers typically carry competing product lines and may be influenced by the Company’s larger competitors—A significant portion of the Company’s products are sold to national distributors in the United States, who also carry product lines of competitors that are much larger than the Company. Typically, revenues from the sales of these competing product lines and related program incentives constitute a greater part of our distributors’ income than do revenues from sales and program incentives arising from the Company’s product lines. Further, these distributors are often under pressure to market competing product lines in favor of the Company’s. In light of these facts, there is no assurance that such customers will continue to market our products aggressively or successfully or that the Company will be able to influence such customers to continue to purchase our products instead of those of our competitors.

To the extent that capacity utilization is not fully realized at its manufacturing facilities, the Company may experience lower profitability—The Company has pursued a business strategy of acquiring manufacturing facilities at a steep discount to their replacement value. These acquisitions have enabled the Company to be more independent of overseas manufacturers than some of our competitors. While the Company endeavors continuously to maximize utilization of these several facilities, our success in these endeavors is dependent upon many factors beyond our control, including fluctuating market conditions, product life cycles, weather conditions, availability of raw materials and regulatory constraints, among other things. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to maximize its utilization of capacity at its manufacturing facilities. To the extent that the Company experiences excess manufacturing capacity, it may experience lower profitability.

Reduced availability and higher prices of raw materials may reduce the Company’s profitability and could threaten the viability of some of its products—In the recent past, there has been a material reduction in the number of suppliers of certain important raw materials used by the Company in many of its products. Certain of these raw materials are available solely from sources overseas or from single sources domestically. In the recent past, the price of these raw materials has fluctuated sharply. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to source some or all of these materials indefinitely or that it will be able to do so at a level of cost that will enable it to maintain its profit margin on its products.

Foreign currency and interest rate risk and the use of derivative instruments and hedging activities—The Company engages in global business transactions. Where possible, the Company does business in its functional currency. However, there are certain situations in which the Company is unable to transact in its functional currency and engages in agreements that require settlement in a different currency. The Company may enter into derivative instruments to manage foreign currency risk of these agreements; in other words, it may, from time to time establish a forward exchange rate at the point of placing a purchase order and thereby insure the Company against movement in the exchange rate. In addition, the Company may use interest rate derivatives to manage interest rate expense generated by variable rate debt. The Company has in place one fixed interest rate swap with the objective of reducing the Company’s exposure to movements in the LIBOR rate over time. This is required as a condition of the Company’s Senior Credit Facilities agreement.

Dependence on the Company’s banking relationship—The Company’s main bank is Bank of the West, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the French bank, BNP Paribas. Bank of the West has been the Company’s primary bank for more than 30 years. Bank of the West is the syndication manager for the Company’s loans and acts as the counterparty on the Company’s derivative transactions. The Company reviews the creditworthiness of its banks on a quarterly basis via credit agencies and also has face-to-face meetings with senior management of the banks. Management believes that the Company has an excellent working relationship with Bank of the West and the other financial institutions in the Company’s lender group. In light of the uncertainties in global financial markets, there is no guarantee, however, that the Company’s lenders will be either willing or able to continue lending to the Company at such rates and in such amounts as may be necessary to meet the Company’s working capital needs.

The Company is dependent on a limited number of customers, which makes it vulnerable to the continued relationship with and financial health of those customers—In 2012, three customers accounted for 53% of the Company’s sales. The Company’s future prospects will depend on the continued business of such customers and on our continued status as a qualified supplier to such customers. The Company cannot guarantee that our current significant customers will continue to buy products from us at current levels. The loss of a key customer could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition and results of operation.

 

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ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None

 

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ITEM 2 PROPERTIES

The Company’s corporate headquarters are located in Newport Beach, California. This facility is leased.

AMVAC owns in fee the Facility constituting approximately 152,000 square feet of improved land in Commerce, California (“Commerce”) on which its West Coast manufacturing and some of its warehouse facilities and offices are located.

DAVIE owns in fee approximately 72,000 square feet of warehouse, office and laboratory space on approximately 118,000 square feet of land in Commerce, California, which is leased to AMVAC.

In 2001, AMVAC completed the acquisition of a manufacturing facility from E.I. DuPont de Nemours and Company (“DuPont”). The facility is one of three such units located on DuPont’s 510 acre complex in Axis, Alabama. The acquisition consisted of a long-term ground lease of 25 acres and the purchase of all improvements thereon. The facility is a multi-purpose plant designed primarily to manufacture pyrethroids and organophosphates.

On December 28, 2007, AMVAC, pursuant to the provisions of the definitive Sale and Purchase Agreement (the “Agreement”) dated as of November 27, 2006 between AMVAC and Badische Anilin-und Soda-Fabrik (“BASF”), through which AMVAC purchased the global Counter product line from BASF. AMVAC purchased certain manufacturing assets relating to the production of Counter and Thimet and located at BASF’s multi-plant facility situated in Hannibal, Missouri (the “Hannibal Site”). Subject to the terms and conditions of the Agreement, AMVAC purchased certain buildings, manufacturing equipment, office equipment, fixtures, supplies, records, raw materials, intermediates and packaging constituting the “T/C Unit” of the Hannibal Site. The parties entered into a ground lease and a manufacturing and shared services agreement, under which BASF continues to supply various shared services to AMVAC from the Hannibal Site.

On March 7, 2008, AMVAC acquired from BCS LP a facility (the “Marsing Facility”) located in Marsing, ID, which consists of approximately 17 acres of improved real property, 15 of which are owned by AMVAC and two of which AMVAC leases from the City of Marsing for a term of 25 years. The Marsing Facility is engaged in the blending of liquid and powder raw materials and the packaging of finished liquid products in the agricultural chemical field. With this acquisition, AMVAC acquired the ability to formulate flowable materials. In connection with the acquisition, AMVAC and BCS LP agreed to enter into a master processor agreement under which AMVAC provides certain third party manufacturing services to BCS LP on an ongoing basis that continues in 2013.

On October 1, 2012, AMVAC BV entered into a lease for approximately 215 square meters of office space located at Houten, the Netherlands. The lease has a 3 year term. These offices will serve as the headquarters of the Company’s international sales function, including customer service, finance, regulatory and planning/logistics.

The production areas of AMVAC’s facilities are designed to run on a continuous 24 hour per day basis. AMVAC regularly adds chemical processing equipment to enhance its production capabilities. AMVAC believes its facilities are in good operating condition and are suitable and adequate for current needs, can be modified to accommodate future needs, have flexibility to change products, and can produce at greater rates as required. Facilities and equipment are insured against losses from fire as well as other usual business risks. The Company knows of no material defects in title to, or encumbrances on, any of its properties except that substantially all of the Company’s assets are pledged as collateral under the Company’s loan agreements with its primary lender group. For further information, refer to note 2 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in PART IV, Item 15 of this Annual Report.

AMVAC owns approximately 42 acres of unimproved land in Texas for possible future expansion.

GemChem’s, AMVAC UK’s, AMVAC M’s, AMVAC CR’s and AMVAC S’s facilities consist of administration and sales offices which are leased.

 

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ITEM 3 LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

A. DBCP Cases

Over the course of the past 30 years, AMVAC and/or the Company have been named or otherwise implicated in a number of lawsuits concerning injuries allegedly arising from either contamination of water supplies or personal exposure to 1, 2-dibromo-3-chloropropane (“DBCP®”). DBCP was manufactured by several chemical companies, including Dow Chemical Company, Shell Oil Company and AMVAC and was approved by the USEPA to control nematodes. DBCP was also applied on banana farms in Latin America. The USEPA suspended registrations of DBCP in October 1979, except for use on pineapples in Hawaii. The USEPA suspension was partially based on 1977 studies by other manufacturers that indicated a possible link between male fertility and exposure to DBCP among their factory production workers involved with producing the product.

At present, there are approximately 100 lawsuits, foreign and domestic, filed by former banana workers in which AMVAC has been named as a party. Fifteen of these suits have been filed in the United States (with prayers for unspecified damages) and the remainder have been filed in Nicaragua. Three of these domestic suits were brought by citizens of Nicaragua, while the other domestic suits have been brought by citizens of other countries. These claims are all in various stages and allege injury from exposure to DBCP, including claims for sterility. Only two of the suits (Suazo and Castillo, indicated below) filed in Nicaragua have been served on AMVAC. It should be noted that Nicaraguan plaintiffs had not been able to obtain domestic enforcement of decisions rendered by Nicaraguan courts. The Eleventh Circuit recently upheld a U.S. District Court’s refusal to enforce a $97,000 Nicaraguan judgment rendered against certain US-based DBCP defendants finding, among other things, lack of international due process.

As described more fully below, activity in domestic cases during 2012 is as follows: in Hawaii, Patrickson, et. al. v. Dole Food Company, et. al which had been dismissed in 2011, remains on appeal; and Adams, from which co-defendant Dole was dismissed, is on appeal with respect to such dismissal and, at any rate, involves claims that pre-dated AMVAC’s sales into the relevant market. In Louisiana and Delaware, there has been much overlapping activity. Three actions filed in Louisiana state court (Soriano et al) in November 1999 have been dismissed due to expiration of the statute of limitations; similarly, seven cases filed by HendlerLaw, P.C. in U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana (Aguilar et al) have been dismissed for the same reason – no appeal has yet been taken in either venue. In Delaware, the Blanco case (involving a single Costa Rican claimant) has survived defendants’ motion to dismiss for expiration of the statute of limitations, the lower court finding that such statute was extended under the doctrine of cross jurisdictional tolling. However, the Delaware Supreme Court has accepted an appeal of this decision. Also, in Delaware, HendlerLaw, P.C. filed nine matters during 2012, eight with the U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware and one before the Delaware state court (Chaverri). Six of the federal matters were identical to claims then pending before the Louisiana courts and, upon defendants’ motion, were dismissed by the Delaware federal court. Two of the eight Delaware cases (Abad-Castillo and Marquinez) (involving claims brought on behalf of 2,700 plantation workers from Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala and Panama) remain pending and are the subject of motions to dismiss.

Delaware Matters

On or about July 21, 2011, an action encaptioned, Blanco v. AMVAC Chemical Corporation et al., was filed with the Superior Court of the State of Delaware in and for New Castle County (No. N11C-07-149 JOH) on behalf of an individual plaintiff, residing in Costa Rica, against several defendants, including, among others, AMVAC, The Dow Chemical

 

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Company, Occidental Chemical Corporation, and Dole Food Company. In the action, plaintiff claims personal injury (sterility) arising from the alleged exposure to DBCP between 1979 and 1980 while working as a contract laborer in a banana plantation in Costa Rica. Defendant Dow filed a motion to dismiss the action as being barred under the applicable statute of limitations, as this same plaintiff filed the same claim in Florida in 1995 and subsequently withdrew the matter. Plaintiff contends that the statute of limitations was tolled by a prior motion for class certification, which was denied. AMVAC contends that the plaintiff could not have been exposed to any DBCP supplied by AMVAC in Costa Rica. On August 8, 2012, the court denied Dow’s motion to dismiss based upon applicable statutes of limitation. In response to that denial, on August 20, 2012, defendants filed a motion for interlocutory appeal and, on September 18, 2012, the Delaware Supreme Court granted interlocutory appeal on the question of whether the State of Delaware will recognize cross jurisdictional tolling (that is, whether it is proper for a Delaware court to follow the class action tolling of another jurisdiction, in this case, Texas, rather than its own two year statute of limitations). Pending the ruling on appeal, the Blanco matter is stayed. It is expected that the Delaware Supreme Court will issue its ruling in 2013. Whatever the outcome on appeal, AMVAC intends to defend the matter vigorously. The Company does not believe that a loss is either probable or reasonably estimable and has not set up a loss contingency for the matter.

On or about May 31, 2012 (the day on which the trial court in—Blanco denied defendants’ motion to dismiss), HendlerLaw, P.C., which represents plaintiffs in seven related matters that had been pending before the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana (the “Hendler-Louisiana Cases” referred to in the Company’s Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2011 as Aguilar et al., v. Dole Fruit Company, Inc., et al (U.S.D.C., E.D. of LA No. CV-01305-CJB-SS)), filed nine separate actions, eight with the United States District Court for the District of Delaware (the “Hendler – Delaware Cases” (USCD DE No. 1:12-CV-00696-RGA)) and one with the Superior Court of the State of Delaware (which, for purposes of this filing shall be referred to as Chaverri et al. v. Dole Food Company, Inc. et al., case no. N12C-06-017-JOH). Amvac received these complaints by mail on or about July 21, 2012. Six of the eight Hendler – Delaware cases and Chaverri involve claims for personal injury allegedly arising from exposure to DBCP on behalf of 235 banana workers from Costa Rica, Ecuador and Panama. Dole subsequently brought a motion to dismiss these seven matters under the “first-to-file” theory of jurisdiction, specifically in light of the fact that they involved identical claims and claimants as those appearing in the Hendler – Louisiana cases. On August 21, 2012, the U.S. District Court in the Hendler-Delaware cases granted defendants’ motion to dismiss six complaints (filed on behalf of 235 plaintiffs) finding that the same claimants and claims were pending in the Hendler-Louisiana cases where they had been first filed. In October 2012, the federal district court in Louisiana granted defendant’s motion for summary judgment and dismissed the Hendler-Louisiana Cases for plaintiffs’ failure to bring the action within the applicable statute of limitations. Further, with the stay of proceedings in Blanco, the Chaverri action has also been stayed, pending a ruling from the Delaware Supreme Court (as previously described). With respect to the subject matter of Chaverri, at this stage of the proceedings, the Company does not believe that a loss is either probable or reasonably estimable and has not set up a loss contingency.

Two of the eight Hendler-Delaware Cases (namely, Abad-Castillo and Marquinez) are unrelated to the Hendler-Louisiana Cases and, involve claims for physical injury arising from alleged exposure to DBCP over the course of the late 1960’s through the mid-1980’s on behalf of 2,700 banana plantation workers from Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala and Panama. Defendants are investigating possible defenses to Abad-Castillo and Marquinez, including whether any of the claimants had appeared in prior actions that may have been settled or dismissed, what statutes of limitations may apply, and whether claimants used any of defendants’ products. Amvac intends to defend these matters vigorously. Defendant Dole has brought a motion to dismiss 22 plaintiffs from the Abad-Castillo case on the ground that they were parties in the Hendler-Louisiana cases. In September 2012, plaintiffs responded to the motion to dismiss, arguing that, in fact, while 14 of the 22 claimants were parties in the Hendler-Louisiana cases, eight of them were not. With respect to the Marquinez matter, the company has filed an answer to the complaint. No discovery has commenced in either of these matters and it is too early to predict whether a loss is either probable or reasonably estimable; accordingly, the company has not set up a loss contingency on either of these matters.

Hawaiian Matters

Patrickson, et. al. v. Dole Food Company, et. al

In October 1997, AMVAC was served with two complaints in which it was named as a defendant, filed in the Circuit Court, First Circuit, State of Hawaii and in the Circuit Court of the Second Circuit, State of Hawaii (two identical suits) entitled Patrickson, et. al. v. Dole Food Company, et. al (“Patrickson Case”) alleging damages sustained from injuries (including sterility) to banana workers caused by plaintiffs’ exposure to DBCP while applying the product in their native countries. Other named defendants include: Dole Food Company, Shell Oil Company and Dow Chemical Company. The ten named plaintiffs are variously citizens of four countries—Guatemala, Costa Rica, Panama, and Ecuador. Punitive damages are sought against each defendant. The case was also filed as a class action on behalf of other workers allegedly so exposed in these four countries.

 

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After several years of law and motion activity, Dow filed a motion for summary adjudication as to the remaining plaintiffs based on the statute of limitations, as they had filed suit in Florida in 1995. All defendants joined in this motion. The court granted this motion on June 9, 2009. Plaintiffs’ counsel unsuccessfully argued that their claims were tolled by prior class action cases. On November 30, 2009, the court denied a motion for reconsideration. Judgment in favor of the defendants was entered on July 28, 2010. On August 24, 2010, the plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal, which is presently pending. In March 2011, Dow filed a brief in opposition to the appeal, arguing that plaintiffs are barred from this action by the applicable statute of limitations. Following the completion of briefing on April 8, 2011, counsel for plaintiffs filed a pleading to withdraw and to substitute new counsel. The court has not ruled on any of the pending motions, nor do the court rules require that the court rule by any particular date. The Company does not believe that a loss is either probable or reasonably estimable and, accordingly, has not set up a loss contingency for this matter.

Adams v. Dole Food Company et al

On approximately November 23, 2007, AMVAC was served with a suit filed by two former Hawaiian pineapple workers and their spouses, alleging that they had testicular cancer due to DBCP exposure: Adams v. Dole Food Company et al in the First Circuit for the State of Hawaii. The complaint was filed on June 29, 2007 and names Dole Food Company, Standard Fruit and Steamship Company, Dole Fresh Food, Pineapple Growers Association, AMVAC, Shell Oil Company, Dow Chemical Company and Occidental Chemical Corporation. Plaintiff Mark Adams alleges he was exposed to DBCP in 1974 and 1975 while working on Dole’s plantation on Oahu. Plaintiff Nelson Ng alleges he was exposed between 1971 and 1973 while working in Lanai City, Lanai. AMVAC answered the complaint on or about December 14, 2007. While little discovery has taken place, AMVAC denies that any of its product could have been used at the times and locations alleged by these plaintiffs. Dole Food Company was dismissed on the basis of the exclusive remedy of worker’s compensation benefits, as it was the employer of plaintiffs. However, plaintiffs have been granted relief to seek an interim appeal as to the dismissal of Dole, which appeal is pending. A stay has been placed on discovery other than to obtain written records. Recent pleadings included a request for withdrawal of plaintiffs’ counsel and substitution of new counsel. The substitution was denied by the court on November 14, 2012. There is no estimated date of opinion. The Company does not believe that a loss is either probable or reasonably estimable and has not set up a loss contingency for this matter.

Louisiana Matters (Federal)

On June 1, 2011, seven separate actions were filed by HendlerLaw, P.C. in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana on behalf of 259 individual plaintiffs (banana plantation workers from Ecuador, Panama and Costa Rica) against Dole Food Company, the Dow Chemical Company, Shell Oil Company, and AMVAC Chemical Corporation (to name a few) which, for purposes of convenience here, are encaptioned Aguilar et al., v. Dole Food Company, Inc., et al (U.S.D.C., E.D. of Louisiana No. CV-01305-CJB-SS). These matters allege personal injury (including sterility, cancer, skin disorders and other conditions) arising from alleged exposure to DBCP within the time period from 1960 through 1985 or later. A number of the plaintiffs appear to have been drawn from earlier DBCP litigation matters filed by HendlerLaw, P.C., including, for example, the Mendez case that was dismissed from state court in Hawaii (see the Company’s Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2011). In September 2012, the court granted defendants’ motion for summary judgment based upon the expiration of the applicable statute of limitations. No appeal has been filed. The Company will defend any appeal vigorously. With respect to these matters, the Company does not believe that a loss is either probable or reasonably estimable and has not set up a loss contingency for these matters.

Louisiana Matters (State)

In November 1999, AMVAC was served with three complaints filed in the 29th Judicial District Court for the Parish of St. Charles, State of Louisiana; we have reported on these matters under the name of the lead case, Eduardo Soriano, et al. v. AMVAC, et al. These matters allege personal injuries to about 314 persons (approximately 167 from Ecuador, 102 from Costa Rica, and 45 from Guatemala) from alleged exposure to DBCP. With the United States Supreme Court holding there was no federal court jurisdiction in the Patrickson case, the federal court judge remanded the cases to Louisiana state court in June 2003. In state court, the three cases were assigned to two different judges. On November 17, 2006, the state court separated the cases handled by HendlerLaw, P.C. from the cases being pursued only against the growers handled by different counsel. Subsequently, the cases against the growers were settled and all those actions were dismissed. The cases handled by HendlerLaw, P.C. were supposed to be placed in a new action, which was not done. After a hearing on January 29, 2008, the court ruled on February 8, 2008 that these plaintiffs could still proceed in the existing cases rather than in a new action. In mid-June 2011, some 12 years after filing the actions, plaintiffs have propounded written discovery against defendants. In

 

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November 2012, the court granted defendants’ motion for summary judgment as to all of these cases on the ground that the applicable statute of limitations had expired. No appeal has yet been filed. AMVAC intends to defend any appeal vigorously. With respect to these matters, the Company does not believe that a loss is either probable or reasonably estimable and has not set up a loss contingency for this matter.

Nicaraguan Matters

In May 2005, two suits filed in Nicaragua in 2004 were received that name AMVAC, The Dow Chemical Company, Dole Food Company, Dole Fresh Fruit, and Standard Fruit Company. The two suits for personal injuries for sterility and reduced sperm counts have been filed on behalf of a total of 15 banana workers: Flavio Apolinar Castillo et al. v. AMVAC Chemical Corporation et al., No. 535/04 and Luis Cristobal Martinez Suazo et al. v. AMVAC Chemical Corporation et al., No. 679/04. In December 2005, AMVAC received six additional, similar, lawsuits filed on behalf of a total of 30 plaintiffs. On January 25, 2006, AMVAC was served with the Suazo and Castillo suits, and in March 2006, counsel in Nicaragua filed objections to jurisdiction over AMVAC in these two cases. The court finally ruled on all the defendants’ objections on March 20, 2007, by denying each objection to jurisdiction; this ruling has been appealed.

A review of court filings in Chinandega, Nicaragua, by local counsel has found 85 suits filed pursuant to Public Law 364 that name AMVAC and include approximately 3,592 plaintiffs. However, only two cases, Castillo and Suazo, have been served on AMVAC. All but one of the suits in Nicaragua have been filed pursuant to Special Law 364, an October 2000 Nicaraguan statute that contains substantive and procedural provisions that Nicaragua’s Attorney General previously expressed as unconstitutional. Each of the Nicaraguan plaintiffs’ claims $1,000 in compensatory damages and $5,000 in punitive damages. In all of these cases, AMVAC is a joint defendant with Dow Chemical Company and Dole Food Company, Inc.

AMVAC contends that the Nicaragua courts do not have jurisdiction over it and that Public Law 364 violates international due process of law. AMVAC intends to contest personal jurisdiction and demand under Law 364 that the claims be litigated in the United States. Thus far, it appears that the Nicaraguan courts have denied all requests of other defendants under Law 364 that allow the defendants the option of consenting to jurisdiction in the United States. It is not presently known as to how many of these plaintiffs actually claim exposure to DBCP at the time AMVAC’s product was allegedly used nor is there any verification of the claimed injuries. Based on the precedent of the earlier suits in Nicaragua, it would appear likely that the Nicaragua courts will, over the defendants’ objections, enter multi-million dollar judgments for the plaintiffs and against all defendants in these cases.

However, to date, plaintiffs have not had success in enforcing Nicaraguan judgments against domestic companies before U.S. courts. One such judgment (not including the Company) was entered in August 2005 for $97,000 for 150 plaintiffs against Dole Food and other entities. It has also been reported that on December 1, 2006, the Nicaraguan court rendered a judgment for $802,000 against Dow Chemical Company, Shell Oil Company, Occidental Chemical Corporation, and Standard Fruit Company for some 1,200 plaintiffs. An enforcement action (entitled Osorio) against Dole and Dow for the $97,000 judgment was filed in the U.S. District Court in Miami, Florida. In this enforcement action, on October 20, 2009, the federal court issued a lengthy decision refusing to enforce the judgment on the grounds that Law 364 violated due process of law and that the Nicaraguan courts were not impartial tribunals. The plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal to the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeal on March 10, 2010. On March 25, 2011, the United States Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit upheld the lower court’s decision to refuse to enforce the Nicaraguan judgment under the Florida Recognition Act, finding, among other things, the fact that judgment had been rendered under a system (in Nicaragua) that does not provide procedures compatible with the requirements of due process of law and was contrary to public policy. The 11th Circuit Court did not address whether the Nicaraguan courts “do not provide impartial tribunals” as the district court had found.

With respect to these Nicaraguan matters, AMVAC intends to defend any claim vigorously. Furthermore, the Company does not believe that a loss is either probable or reasonably estimable and has not set up a loss contingency for these matters.

B. Other Matters

Brazilian Citation. On or about October 5, 2009, IBAMA (the Brazilian equivalent of the USEPA) served AMVAC Brazil with a Notice of Violation alleging that two lots of Granutox 150 (formulated product having phorate as the active ingredient) stored at BASF S.A. (AMVAC’s exclusive distributor in Brazil) and FMC Quimica do Brasil Ltda. (which formulates end-use product in that country) were not in compliance with the end-use registration on file with IBAMA. Specifically, IBAMA alleged that the color of the lots (gray) was inconsistent with the description in IBAMA’s files (pink). IBAMA also indicated an intention to assess a fine of approximately $200 against AMVAC B. The Company has challenged the citation, for among other reasons, on the ground that the change in color has to do with the removal of a coloring component and that such removal poses no environmental or toxicity risk. In March 2011, IBAMA denied AMVAC B’s first appeal. The Company believes, however, that the agency is statutorily prevented from levying a fine of this magnitude for an infraction of this nature. Thus, the Company has filed another appeal on these grounds and expects to hear a response during 2013. At this stage, the Company believes that a loss of between $150 and $200 is probable and has set up a loss contingency in the amount of $150.

 

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ITEM 4 MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not Applicable

 

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PART II

 

ITEM 5 MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Market Information

Effective March 6, 2006, the Company listed its $0.10 par value common stock (“Common Stock”) on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol AVD. From January 1998 through March 6, 2006, the Common Stock was listed on the American Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol AVD. The Company’s Common Stock traded on The NASDAQ Stock Market under the symbol AMGD from March 1987 through January 1998.

The following table sets forth the range of high and low sales prices as reported for the Company’s Common Stock for the calendar quarters indicated (as adjusted for stock splits and stock dividends).

 

     High      Low  

Calendar 2012

     

First quarter

   $ 21.79       $ 13.00   

Second quarter

     27.25         21.60   

Third quarter

     37.51         23.00   

Fourth quarter

     36.97         27.83   

Calendar 2011

     

First quarter

   $ 9.66       $ 7.63   

Second quarter

     14.25         8.31   

Third quarter

     14.77         9.63   

Fourth quarter

     14.36         10.70   

Holders

As of February 22, 2013, the number of stockholders of the Company’s Common Stock was approximately 7,070, which includes beneficial owners with shares held in brokerage accounts under street name and nominees.

Dividends

On December 3, 2012, the Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.10 per share. The dividend was distributed on December 21, 2012, to shareholders of record at the close of business on December 11, 2012.

On September 17, 2012, the Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.07 per share. The dividend was distributed on October 12, 2012, to shareholders of record at the close of business on September 28, 2012.

On March 8, 2012, the Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.05 per share. The dividend was distributed on April 16, 2012, to shareholders of record at the close of business on April 1, 2012.

On September 8, 2011, the Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.05 per share. The dividend was distributed on October 14, 2011, to shareholders of record at the close of business on September 29, 2011.

On March 10, 2011, the Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.03 per share. The dividend was distributed on April 15, 2011 to stockholders of record at the close of business on April 1, 2011.

On September 14, 2010, the Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.02 per share. The dividend was distributed on October 14, 2010 to stockholders of record at the close of business on September 24, 2010.

On March 4, 2010, the Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.01 per share. The dividend was distributed on April 16, 2010 to stockholders of record at the close of business on April 2, 2010.

The Company has issued a cash dividend in each of the last sixteen years dating back to 1996.

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

 

Plan Category

  

 

 
   Number of securities to
be issued upon exercise
of outstanding options,
warrants, and rights

(a)
     Weighted-
average exercise
price of
outstanding
options,
warrants, rights

(b)
     Number of securities
remaining available for
future issuance under
equity compensation plans
(excluding securities
reflected in column (a)

(c)
 

Equity compensation plans approved by security holders

     705,345         7.70         1,500,000   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     705,345         7.70         1,500,000   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Stock Performance Graph

The following graph presents a comparison of the cumulative, five-year total return for the Company, the S&P 500 Stock Index, and a peer group (Specialty Chemical Industry). The graph assumes that the beginning values of the investments in the Company, the S&P 500 Stock Index, and the peer group of companies each was $100 on December 31, 2007. All calculations assume reinvestment of dividends. Returns over the indicated period should not be considered indicative of future returns.

 

LOGO

 

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Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

ITEM 6 SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

     2012      2011      2010      2009     2008  

Net sales

   $ 366,190       $ 301,080       $ 226,859       $ 205,801      $ 236,465   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

   $ 161,125       $ 123,068       $ 86,321       $ 56,898      $ 100,058   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

   $ 59,323       $ 39,226       $ 19,191       $ (6,329   $ 36,144   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income tax (benefit) expense

   $ 56,852       $ 35,223       $ 16,174       $ (9,538   $ 32,173   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to American Vanguard

   $ 36,867       $ 22,068       $ 10,984       $ (5,789   $ 20,019   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) per common share(1)

   $ 1.32       $ 0.80       $ 0.40       $ (0.21   $ 0.75   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) per common share—assuming dilution(1)

   $ 1.28       $ 0.79       $ 0.40       $ (0.21   $ 0.73   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 399,890       $ 342,558       $ 280,179       $ 255,268      $ 286,937   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Working capital

   $ 108,647       $ 104,713       $ 69,046       $ 68,797      $ 96,357   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Long-term debt less current portion

   $ 36,196       $ 51,917       $ 53,710       $ 45,432      $ 75,748   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity

   $ 225,436       $ 187,072       $ 166,437       $ 153,087      $ 155,943   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding—basic(1)

     27,914         27,559         27,385         27,120        26,638   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding—assuming dilution(1)

     28,756         27,875         27,652         27,120        27,469   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Dividends per share of common stock(1)

   $ 0.22       $ 0.08       $ 0.03       $ 0.06      $ 0.08   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

The selected consolidated financial data set forth above with respect to each of the calendar years in the five-year period ended December 31, 2012, have been derived from the Company’s consolidated financial statements and are qualified in their entirety by reference to the more detailed consolidated financial statements and the independent registered public accounting firm’s reports thereon, which are included elsewhere in this Report on Form 10-K for the three years in the period ended December 31, 2012. See ITEM 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation.”

The 2012 dividends per share include a special dividend of $.10 per share that was declared and paid in December 2012.

 

(1) The basic and diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding, net income per share and dividend information for all periods presented have been restated to reflect the effects of stock splits and dividends.

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

ITEM 7 MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS/RISK FACTORS:

The Company, from time-to-time, may discuss forward-looking statements including assumptions concerning the Company’s operations, future results and prospects. Generally, “may,” “could,” “will,” “would,” “expect,” “believe,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “continue” and similar words identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements appearing in this Report are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and are subject to risks and uncertainties that can cause actual results and events to differ materially from those set forth in or implied by the forward-looking statements and related assumptions contained in the entire Report. Such factors include, but are not limited to: product demand and market acceptance risks; the effect of economic conditions; weather conditions; changes in regulatory policy; the impact of competitive products and pricing; changes in foreign exchange rates; product development and commercialization difficulties; capacity and supply constraints or difficulties; availability of capital resources; general business regulations, including taxes and other risks as detailed from time-to-time in the Company’s reports and filings filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). It is not possible to foresee or identify all such factors. We urge you to consider these factors carefully in evaluating the forward-looking statements contained in this Report.

 

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Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

Results of Operations

2012 Compared with 2011:

 

 

     2012     2011     Change  

Net sales:

      

Insecticides

   $ 194,060      $ 137,460      $ 56,600   

Herbicides

     89,899        90,782        (883

Other

     45,581        43,826        1,755   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total crop

     329,540        272,068        57,472   

Non-crop

     36,650        29,012        7,638   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 366,190      $ 301,080      $ 65,110   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cost of goods sold:

      

Insecticides

   $ 104,524      $ 75,771      $ 28,753   

Herbicides

     58,016        60,219        (2,203

Other

     24,981        25,730        (749
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total crop

     187,521        161,720        25,801   

Non-crop

     17,544        16,292        1,252   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 205,065      $ 178,012      $ 27,053   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross margin:

      

Insecticides

   $ 89,536      $ 61,689      $ 27,847   

Herbicides

     31,883        30,563        1,320   

Other

     20,600        18,096        2,504   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross margin crop

     142,019        110,348        31,671   

Gross margin non-crop

     19,106        12,720        6,386   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 161,125      $ 123,068      $ 38,057   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross margin crop

     43     41  

Gross margin non-crop

     52     44  

Total gross margin

     44     41  

The 2012 agricultural market conditions were somewhat better than those of 2011. Persistent strong global demand for food, animal feed, natural fiber and bio-fuel feed stocks continued to spur higher than normal crop commodity prices. As a result, growers invested more heavily in yield enhancing inputs which fueled demand for many of the Company’s most important crop protection products. This was particularly true in corn, where strong demand and a rising crop commodity price led to increased planted acreage in the United States. In 2012, a record 97 million acres of corn were planted; over 87 million acres were harvested; and yield per acre was depressed to approximately 123 bushels from an average yield of closer to 150 bushels in prior years. The drop in yield arose from a persistent drought in parts of the Midwest and Southwest.

This extreme mid-season and late-season drought did not affect the use of the Company’s important granular soil insecticides since these products are applied at the time of planting. The drought of 2012 also affected U.S. cotton growers and destroyed nearly 23% of planted acreage, mostly in Texas. However, in other Southern and Southeastern states weather conditions were somewhat more favorable, allowing AMVAC to achieve excellent sales of its cotton insecticides and harvest defoliants.

Adding to the challenges of meeting excess demand and coping with problematic weather, the continuing practice of planting corn on the same acres year-after-year (versus sequential rotation of corn and soybeans) has intensified primary & secondary insect pest pressure in the Midwest United States. Furthermore, over the past few seasons, growers (particularly of corn) have increasingly adopted the use of conventional chemistry as an important part of integrated pest management, both to control resistant pests and to help improve yield. Additionally, with the widespread use of glyphosate herbicides over the last 15 years, many growers are having to cope with hard-to-control weeds & grasses through other means, including complementary herbicides. As a result, the Company has experienced increased demand for its soil insecticides and post-emergent herbicide products for corn.

Overall financial performance (including net sales and net income) for the year ended December 31, 2012 improved as compared to the same period in 2011. The Company’s total net sales for the period were up 22% to $366,190 compared to $301,080 for the year ended December 31, 2011. Net sales of our crop business in 2012 were $329,540, which constitutes an increase of 21% over the net sales of $272,068 for that segment in 2011. Net sales of our non-crop products in 2012 were $36,650, which constitutes an increase of 26% over the net sales of $29,012 in the same period last year. A more detailed discussion of product groups and products having a material effect on net sales for each of the crop and non-crop segments appears below.

 

20


Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

In the Crop segment of our business, net sales of insecticides in 2012 increased to $194,060 which represents a 41% increase as compared to $137,460 for the comparable period in 2011. This included approximately 6% related to price and 35% to increased volume. Within this segment, annual net sales of our granular soil insecticides were up more than 50% over 2011, driven by a strong performance from our primary corn soil insecticides – Aztec, Smartchoice®, Counter® and Force. Our Mocap and Nemacur granular insecticides/nematicides benefited from an average 3% selling price increase and remained relatively flat on volume with improved supply of Mocap, offsetting some volume shortfall on Nemacur. Annual net sales of Thimet grew by nearly 33% over the prior year including approximately 5% related to price, primarily on peanut acres, in sugar cane fields and as a preferred substitute for a withdrawn competitive insecticide (aldicarb). Among our non-granular insecticide products, net sales for crop applications grew by 11% led by our foliar cotton insecticide Bidrin. Sales of bifenthrin, permethrin and acephate remained flat with the prior year, as we continued to de-emphasize the applications of these products that have become susceptible to low-priced generic competition.

Within the product group of herbicides/fungicides/fumigants, our crop net sales in 2012 were down about 1% to $89,899 vs. $90,782 in 2011. Within this group, we had mixed results. Net sales of our herbicide products were down 24%, resulting from the timing of sales and supply availability for our post-emergent corn herbicide, Impact. Actual “on-the-ground” use of Impact increased 22% in 2012 despite supply limitations and the effects of the severe Midwest summer drought. Our fumigants sales volume increased approximately 3% as our Vapam and K-Pam® products continue to be domestic market leaders in this product category. Net sales of our fungicides were up 36% in 2012, as we continue to recapture market share in potatoes with our PCNB product range. There were no price increases on PCNB.

Within the crop segment of other products group (which includes plant growth regulators, molluscicides and third party manufacturing activity), we experienced an increase of 4% in net sales during 2012, $45,581 vs. $43,826 in 2011. We had record sales performance for Folex, a defoliant used in cotton harvest management. This included slightly lower overall volumes in line with cotton acres harvested but increased pricing as the market recognized the benefits of this brand. NAA®, our leading plant growth regulator, primarily used in apples to stop apple drop, the return of bloom and later in the season for thinning blossom, had a significant gain of 31%. Net sales of metaldehyde, (a molluscicide) were up 5% over the comparable 2011 period; and third party manufacturing revenues decreased by approximately 28% in 2012 as compared to 2011.

Within our non-crop segment, 2012 net sales were up over 26% to $36,650 vs. $29,012 compared to 2011. Naled® sales (our Dibrom brand mosquito adulticide) were up by 19% (including average 6% selling price increase), with moderate storm and hurricane activity and despite continued drought conditions in portions of the Southeast. Net sales of pest strips increased 20% in volume and approximately 4% in selling price as compared to the prior year, as professional pest control operators continue to recognize that these products are among the most effective residual pest deterrents in commercial applications. Additionally, net sales of our PCNB fungicide for turf uses tripled, as we continue to recover market share following our reentry to the market. The Company has yet to re-enter the Canadian market following the expiration of its registration at the end of 2010. We are also pleased to report that initial sales from Envance (our new Joint Venture with TyraTech) were recorded in the weeks leading up to December 31, 2012. The business sells very effective organic aerosol products through Home Depot stores. These products target crawling, flying or stinging insects. Offsetting these gains, we experienced a decline in Pharmaceutical sales of approximately 26% primarily due to generic competition from China.

Our cost of sales for 2012 was $205,065 or 56% of net sales. This compared to $178,012 or 59% of net sales for 2011. The decline in cost of sales as a percentage of net sales in 2012 arose primarily from these factors. In 2012 the Company continued to focus on selling those products having higher margins or lower costs. This included a further drop in manufacturing activities for third parties as increased demand for plant capacity generated less incentive to drive this aspect of the business. Typically, such activities enable us to cover costs but do not generate much, if any, gross profit. Furthermore, our sales in 2012 have been focused on our strongest brands that are targeted at specific problems that have been impacting agriculture in the year and products that tend to have strong margin performance throughout the supply chain. As detailed in

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

the table, the change in volume, mix, price and manufacturing activity resulted overall in a 3% improvement in gross margin to 44% in 2012 as compared to 41% for the same period of the prior year. This included the benefit of selling prices that increased on average by 5% offset by approximately 2% increase in raw material costs.

Operating expenses in 2012 increased by $17,960 to $101,802 or 28% of sales as compared to $83,842 or 28% in 2011. The differences in operating expenses by department are as follows:

 

     2012      2011      Change  

Selling

   $ 25,869       $ 23,318       $ 2,551   

General and administrative

     29,715         21,429         8,286   

Research, product development and regulatory

     20,750         18,041         2,709   

Freight, delivery and warehousing

     25,468         21,054         4,414   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 101,802       $ 83,842       $ 17,960   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

   

Selling expenses increased by $2,551 to end at $25,869 for the year ended December 31, 2012, as compared to the same period of 2011. The main driver for increased overall cost was from expenses in support of our proprietary delivery system and other stewardship activities, wages, and travel expenses to support our growing business.

 

   

General and administrative expenses increased by $8,286 to $29,715 for the year ended December 31, 2012, as compared to the same period of 2011. The main reasons for the increased costs are; first, stock based and incentive compensation as a result of our improved overall financial performance; second, legal and consulting costs related to product defense, creation of our new international structure and creation of our new majority owned subsidiary; third, additional headcount supporting our expanding business.

 

   

Research, product development costs and regulatory expenses increased by $2,709 to $20,750 for the year ended December 31, 2012, as compared to the same period of 2011. This is mainly due to product defense and development cost in support of our expanding business plus key product development and research headcount.

 

   

Freight, delivery and warehousing costs for the year ended December 31, 2012 were $25,468 or 7% of sales as compared to $21,054 or 7% of sales for the same period in 2011.

Total Interest expense was $2,466 in 2012, as compared to $3,457 in 2011. Interest costs are summarized in the following table:

 

Average Indebtedness and Interest expense

   2012     2011  
   Average Debt      Interest
Expense
    Interest Rate     Average Debt      Interest
Expense
    Interest Rate  

Term loan

   $ 50,957       $ 1,885        3.7   $ 58,186       $ 1,970        3.4

Real estate

     —           —          —          —           1        —     

Working capital revolver

     —           —          —          1,990         79        4.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Average

     50,957         1,885        3.7     60,176         2,050        3.4
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Notes payable on product acquisitions and asset purchases

     6,291         218        3.5     12,732         480        3.8
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Interest income

        (1          (3  

Capitalized interest

     —           (400     —          —           (109     —     

Amortization of deferred loan fees

     —           129        —          —           129        —     

Amortization of other deferred liabilities

     —           598        —          —           896        —     

Other interest expense

     —           37        —          —           14        —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 57,248       $ 2,466        4.3   $ 72,908       $ 3,457        4.7
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

The Company’s average overall debt for the year ended December 31, 2012 was $57,248 as compared to $72,908 for the comparable period of the previous year. During the year we operated the business without accessing our revolving debt facility by continued focus on inventory, receivables and program management. As can be seen from the above table, on a gross basis, our effective interest rate increased to 3.7% as compared to 3.4% last year. The increase is caused by the fixed interest rate swap, which is required as part of the Company’s credit agreement. After deductions of capitalized interest and including expenses related to the amortization of deferred liabilities, our effective rate was 4.3% for 2012 as compared to 4.7% in 2011. This is a reduction in comparison to the prior year primarily as a result of lower amortization of discounting on deferred liabilities related to product line acquisitions.

Income tax expense for 2012 amounted to $20,026 as compared to $13,155 for 2011. The 2012 effective tax rate was 35.2%, as compared to an effective rate of 37.3% for 2011. The decrease in effective tax rate is primarily due to increased benefit from domestic production activities, Alabama income tax capital credit and the deductible stock based compensation.

The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 (the “Act”) was signed into law on January 2, 2013. The Act retroactively restored several expired business tax provisions, including the research and experimentation credit. Because a change in tax law is accounted for in the period of enactment, the retroactive effect of the Act on the Company’s U.S. federal taxes for 2012 of a benefit of approximately $250 will be recognized in 2013.

Net income attributable to American Vanguard increased 67% ended at $36,867 or $1.28 per diluted share in 2012 as compared to $22,068 or $.79 per diluted share in 2011.

The 2011 financial statements have been revised to appropriately reflect the correct application of generally accepted accounting principles. The 2011 balance sheet has been revised to reflect an increase in current deferred tax assets by $3,417 and an increase in non-current deferred tax liabilities by a similar amount which was previously incorrectly presented on a net basis with the Company’s non-current deferred tax liabilities. This revision had no impact on previously reported 2011 amounts for stockholders’ equity, gross margin, net income, earnings per share or cash flows from operations. The Company concluded that this revision was not material to previously issued financial statements.

Contractual Obligations and Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We believe that the combination of our cash flows from operations, current cash on hand and the availability under the Company’s credit facility will be sufficient to meet our working capital and capital expenditure requirements and provide us with adequate liquidity to meet our anticipated operating needs for at least the next 12 months. Although operating activities are expected to provide cash, to the extent of significant growth in the future, our operating and investing activities will use cash and, consequently, this growth may require us to access some or all of the availability under the credit facilities. It is also possible, that additional sources of finance may be necessary to support additional growth.

The following summarizes our contractual obligations at December 31, 2012, and the effects such obligations are expected to have on liquidity and cash flow in future periods:

 

     Payments Due by Period  
     Total      Less than
1 Year
     1–3
Years
     4–5
Years
     After
5 Years
 

Long-term debt

   $ 46,000       $ 10,000       $ 36,000       $ —         $ —     

Note payable on product acquisitions and asset purchases1 (1)

     6,443         6,247         140         56         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Sub-total long-term debt

     52,443         16,247         36,140         56         —     

Estimated interest liability(2)

     3,008         1,632         1,376         —           —     

Accrued royalty obligations

     1,073         127         353         213         380   

Deferred earn outs on product acquisitions

     4,671         1,683         2,947         41         —     

Employment agreements

     4,093         1,027         2,471         595         —     

Operating leases – rental properties

     4,319         807         1,649         558         1,305   

Operating leases—vehicles

     772         273         487         12         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 70,379       $ 21,796       $ 45,423       $ 1,475       $ 1,685   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

1

The interest related to notes payable on product acquisitions and asset purchases is the amortization of the discounting on the deferred liabilities related to product acquisitions that occurred in December 2010.

 

(1) Under the terms of the credit facility, the deferred payment on product acquisitions made in December 2010 and payable in January 2013, may be paid using the delayed draw facility within the term debt

 

(2) Estimated interest liability has been calculated using the effective rate for each category of debt over the remaining term of the debt and taking into account scheduled repayments. The working capital revolving line has been assumed to be constant (i.e. zero) throughout the remaining term. As noted above in this report, all of our debt is linked to LIBOR rates.

There were no off-balance sheet arrangements as of December 31, 2012.

Under the terms of the credit facility, all debt outstanding is due when the agreement expires on January 10, 2016.

 

  In addition to the above contractual obligations, $282 of unrecognized tax liabilities have been recorded as liabilities as of December 31, 2012 and we are uncertain as to if or when such amounts may be settled. Related to the unrecognized tax benefits not included in the table above, we have also recorded a liability for potential penalties and interest of $20 as of December 31, 2012.

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

Results of Operations

2011 Compared with 2010:

 

     2011     2010     Change  

Net sales:

      

Insecticides

   $ 137,460      $ 84,500      $ 52,960   

Herbicides

     90,782        86,780        4,002   

Other

     43,826        32,113        11,713   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total crop

     272,068        203,393        68,675   

Non-crop

     29,012        23,466        5,546   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 301,080      $ 226,859      $ 74,221   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cost of goods sold:

      

Insecticides

   $ 75,771      $ 52,904      $ 22,867   

Herbicides

     60,219        54,260        5,959   

Other

     25,730        18,312        7,418   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total crop

     161,720        125,476        36,244   

Non-crop

     16,292        15,062        1,230   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 178,012      $ 140,538      $ 37,474   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross margin:

      

Insecticides

   $ 61,689      $ 31,596      $ 30,093   

Herbicides

     30,563        32,520        (1,957

Other

     18,096        13,801        4,295   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross margin crop

     110,348        77,917        32,431   

Gross margin non-crop

     12,720        8,404        4,316   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 123,068      $ 86,321      $ 36,747   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross margin crop

     41     38  

Gross margin non-crop

     44     36  

Total gross margin

     41     38  

2011 agricultural market conditions were generally better than those of 2010. Strong global demand for food, animal feed, natural fiber and bio-fuel feed stocks spurred higher than normal crop prices. In light of these market conditions, growers invested more heavily in yield enhancing inputs which fueled demand for many of the Company’s most important crop protection products. Rising crop commodity prices also led to an increase in acreage planted for many crops in the United States, particularly corn and cotton, which are important to our business. In 2011, a near record 92,000+ acre of corn were planted and cotton acreage expanded to 13,000 acres from 11,000 acres one year ago and just 9,000 acres two years ago.

In addition, the practice of planting corn on the same acres year-after-year (referred to as “corn-on-corn” as opposed to rotating crops) gave rise to greater primary & secondary insect pest pressure in the Midwest United States. Further, years of continuous application of glyphosate herbicides has led to resistant weeds & grasses and increased the need for complementary/auxiliary herbicide use. Also, the wide-spread use of genetically modified seeds/plants in U.S. corn during the last decade has engendered resistance among some soil insects that had been controlled by genetic plant defenses. The cumulative effect of all these factors led to increased demand for the type of crop protection products for corn that the Company supplies.

Overall financial performance (including net sales and net income) for the year ended December 31, 2011 improved as compared to the same period in 2010. Our net sales for the period were up approximately 33% to $301,080 as compared to $226,859 for the year ended December 31, 2010. Net sales of our crop business in 2011 were $272,068 which constitutes an increase of about 34% over the net sales of $203,393 in 2010. Net sales of non-crop products for the period were $29,012, which constitutes an increase of about 24% over the net sales of $23,466 in the same period last year. A more detailed discussion of product groups and products having a material effect on net sales for each of the crop and non-crop segments appears below.

 

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Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

Further, the Company’s 2011 sales benefited from the acquisition of several new products acquired in the second half of 2010. The addition of the insecticides Aztec 2.1, Mocap and Nemacur accounted for approximately half of the Company’s $68,675 year-over-year gain in crop sales. We also benefitted from the withdrawal of a competitive insecticide product in the U.S. market, which yielded improved sales of our granular insecticide Thimet.

With respect to our crop segment, net sales of our insecticides in 2011 were up strongly to $137,460 representing an increase of approximately 63% as compared to $84,500 for the comparable period in 2010. Within this segment, annual net sales of our granular soil insecticides were up approximately 125% over the same period, driven by a strong performance from our primary corn soil insecticides – Aztec, Smartchoice, Counter and Force. This product group also benefitted from the newly acquired Mocap and Nemacur granular insecticides/nematicides which were purchased in December 2010 – despite the fact that we experienced a shortfall in supply of Mocap during 2011 from our source. Annual net sales of Thimet grew by more than one half over the prior year due to increased peanut acres, increased use for nematode control in sugar cane and the above-mentioned substitution for a withdrawn competitive insecticide (aldicarb). Among our non-granular insecticide products, overall net sales declined by nearly 12%. Our foliar cotton insecticide, Bidrin, decreased compared to the prior year due to severe drought conditions in the Southern region. Further, sales of bifenthrin, permethrin and orthene declined approximately 27% as we de-emphasize the applications of these products that have become susceptible to low-priced generic competition; however, despite the drop in net sales, we experienced improved overall levels of gross profit from these three products. Offsetting these declines, sales of our Dibrom insecticide, which has historically been used primarily for mosquito control, continued to expand in crop/citrus applications.

Within the product group of herbicides/fungicides/fumigants, net sales in 2011 were up about 5% over the 2010 year ($90,782 vs. $86,780). Within this group we had mixed results. Net sales of our herbicide products were up 13%, led by our post-emergent corn herbicide, Impact, which Midwest farmers use as a highly effective product to combat the increasing challenge of glyphosate tolerant weeds. Our fumigants sales were up modestly as our Vapam and K-Pam products continue to be U.S. market leaders in this product category. Net sales of our fungicides, however, were down during 2011 as compared to 2010; this was due to the fact that all domestic sales of PCNB were suspended following the issuance of a SSURO in August 2010, partially offset by the issuance of new labels in November 2011.

Within the segment of other products (which includes plant growth regulators, molluscicides and third party manufacturing activity), we experienced a nearly 36% increase in net sales during 2011 as compared to 2010 ($43,826 vs. $32,113). This increase is primarily due to strong sales of Folex, a defoliant used in cotton harvest management; while certain cotton regions experienced severe drought conditions, in other areas, cooler than normal conditions caused the growers to use the product at higher use rates. Net sales of Folex were also positively impacted by our acquisition of the domestic Def (tribufos) product line in late July 2010. Partially offsetting Folex’s gains was a slight drop in net sales of NAA, a plant growth regulator primarily used in apples to stop apple drop, the return of bloom, and for thinning blossom. Net sales of metaldehyde (a molluscicide) were approximately flat over the comparable 2010 period; and third party manufacturing revenues decreased by approximately $4,000 in 2011 as compared to 2010. Finally, it should be noted that, included in sales in 2010 was data compensation in the amount of $868. There was no similar revenue recorded in 2011.

Within our non-crop segment, net sales were up by about 24% ($29,012 v. $23,466) compared to 2010. On the positive side, Naled sales were up despite limited hurricane activity and persistent drought conditions in the Southwest, early season river flooding caused greater pest pressure and spraying activity. In the same segment, net sales of pest strips increased 17% over the prior year as professional pest control operators continue to recognize that our active ingredient, DDVP, is one of the most effective general pest control agents available today. Offsetting these gains was a decline in net sales of our PCNB fungicide for turf uses. As mentioned above, all domestic sales had been suspended through late November 2011, when USEPA issued new labels. Consequently, the Company missed most of the turf season. In addition, the Company has yet to re-enter the Canadian market following the expiration of its registration at the end of 2010.

Our cost of sales for 2011 was $178,012 or 59% of net sales. This compared to $140,538 or 62% of net sales for 2010. The decline in cost of sales as a percentage of net sales in 2011 arose primarily from these factors. In 2011 the Company focused on selling those products having higher margins or lower costs. At the same time, we de-emphasized sales of those products that are subject to pricing pressure from generic competition (e.g., acephate, bifenthrin and permethrin) which products typically have a high cost of sales as compared to the market selling price. Further, with increased demand for plant capacity relating to the production of our own products, we allowed a drop in manufacturing activity for third parties. Typically, such activities enable us to cover costs but do not generate much, if any, gross profit. As detailed in the above table, the change in volume, mix, price and manufacturing activity resulted overall in a 3% improvement in gross margin to 41% in 2011 as compared to 38% for the same period of the prior year.

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

The 2011 financial statements have been revised to appropriately reflect the correct application of generally accepted accounting principles. Net sales and cost of sales for the year ended December 31, 2011 have each been decreased by $3,349 to appropriately reverse an improper gross-up. This revision had no impact on previously reported 2011 amounts for stockholders’ equity, gross margin, net income, earnings per share or cash flows from operations. The Company concluded that this revision was not material to previously issued financial statements.

Operating expenses in 2011 increased by $16,712 to $83,842 or 28% of sales as compared to $67,130 or 30% in 2010. The differences in operating expenses by department are as follows:

 

     2011      2010      Change  

Selling

   $ 23,318       $ 19,653       $ 3,665   

General and administrative

     21,429         17,881         3,548   

Research, product development and regulatory

     18,041         12,635         5,406   

Freight, delivery and warehousing

     21,054         16,961         4,093   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 83,842       $ 67,130       $ 16,712   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

   

Selling expenses increased by $3,665 to $23,318 for the year ended December 31, 2011, as compared to the same period of 2010. The main driver for increased overall cost was from expenses in support of our proprietary delivery system and other stewardship activities, wages, and travel expenses to support our expanded business.

 

   

General and administrative expenses increased by $3,548 to end at $21,429 for the year ended December 31, 2011 as compared to the same period of 2010. The four main drivers of this increase were an increase in amortization expense that resulted from the acquisitions made in December 2010, an increase in stock based compensation expense relating to grants issued in December 2010, and an increase in incentive compensation expense from the increase in overall financial performance. Offsetting these increases, the Company re-assessed the fair value of certain discounted deferred liabilities related to product line acquisition.

 

   

Research, product development costs and regulatory expenses increased by $5,406 to $18,041 for the year ended December 31, 2011, as compared to the same period of 2010. This is mainly due to increased studies on our new and existing products including spending related to the PCNB SSURO.

 

   

Freight, delivery and warehousing costs for the year ended December 31, 2011 were $21,054 or 7% of sales as compared to $16,961 or 8% of sales for the same period in 2010.

Total interest expense was $3,457 in 2011, as compared to $3,017 in 2010. Interest costs are summarized in the following table:

 

Average Indebtedness and Interest expense

   2011     2010  
   Average Debt      Interest
Expense
    Interest Rate     Average Debt      Interest
Expense
    Interest Rate  

Term loan

   $ 58,186       $ 1,970        3.4   $ 44,000       $ 2,474        5.6

Real estate

     —           1        —          1,995         117        5.9

Working capital revolver

     1,990         79        4.0     14,388         357        2.5
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Average

     60,176         2,050        3.4     60,383         2,948        4.9
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Notes payable on product acquisitions and asset purchases

     12,732         480        3.8     1,767         —          —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Interest income

     —           (3     —          —           —          —     

Capitalized interest

     —           (109     —          —           (154     —     

Amortization of deferred loan fees

     —           129        —          —           223        —     

Amortization of other deferred liabilities

     —           896        —          —           —          —     

Other interest expense

     —           14        —          —           —          —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 72,908       $ 3,457        4.7   $ 62,150       $ 3,017        4.8
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

The Company’s average overall debt for the year ended December 31, 2011 was $72,908 as compared to $62,150 for the comparable period of the previous year. Early in the year we paid the revolving credit facility down to zero and did not draw further funds as a result of continued focus on inventory, receivables and program management. As can be seen from the table above, on a gross basis, our effective interest rate was 3.4% as compared to 4.9% in 2010. The reduction was as a result of the new credit agreement that was signed on January 10, 2011. After deduction of capitalized interest and including expenses relating to amortization of deferred liabilities, our effective interest rate was 4.7% as compared to 4.8% in 2010. This is effectively flat in comparison to the prior year. It should also be noted that the Company paid out substantially all its program liabilities for the Crop year ended September 30, 2011 during the final quarter of the year. In the prior year approximately 70% of program liabilities were paid in the three months ended December 31, 2010.

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

Income tax expense for 2011 amounted to $13,155 as compared to $5,190 for 2010. The 2011 effective tax rate is at 37.3%, as compared to an effective rate of 32.1% for 2010. The increase in effective tax rate is primarily due to lower tax benefits from federal and California R&D due to substantially higher pre-tax book income in 2011 as compared to 2010, lower than expected domestic production activities deduction claimed in the 2010 federal income tax return, and the benefit related to stock options in 2010.

Net income ended at $22,068 or $.79 per diluted share in 2011 as compared to $10,984 or $.40 per diluted share in 2010.

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

The Company generated $40,424 of cash from operating activities during the twelve months ended December 31, 2012 as compared to $39,266 in the same period of the prior year. Net income of $36,826, non-cash depreciation, amortization of intangibles, other assets and discounted future liabilities of $17,230 ($16,900 in the prior year) plus stock based compensation of $2,329 provided a net cash inflow of $56,385 as compared to $40,962 for the same period of 2011.

As of December 31, 2012, our working capital has increased to $108,647 as compared to $104,713 as of December 31, 2011. This increase was mainly driven by slightly elevated inventory levels as we build in preparation for the start of the new growing season, slightly higher receivable levels following a very strong final quarter. These pressures were substantially offset by increased levels of programs and deferred revenues.

Inventories ended the year at $87,951 up $16,883 as compared to the same period of the prior year. This is a reflection of strong indications from the field about early season demand that will go out to the market in the first and second quarters of 2013. Inventory also increased as a result of receipts into inventory of the Company’s leading herbicide, Impact, which arrived close to year end. It should also be noted that the Company purchases and holds raw material, intermediate or finished goods inventory from time to time based on a single annual purchase from a single source or supplier, potentially resulting in peaks in the carrying value of raw materials. Furthermore, in order to achieve efficient manufacturing runs, the Company may manufacture one time per year of a particular product and then carry high levels of that inventory for a period. Finally, it is a feature of the industry that inventory is carried in anticipation of demand from the market as a result of specific pest pressure or weather conditions, on time schedules that could not accommodate either a purchasing or manufacturing process.

Our program accruals have ended higher than at the end of the prior year despite having paid out 100% of our crop liabilities that were due and payable in the last month of the year. This increase reflects primarily the activity level in the final quarter of the year. As a result, accrued program costs are up $6,425 at December 31, 2012, as compared to December 31, 2011.

A significant factor in our cash performance in 2012 has been the need to respond to market demand for products sold exclusively in our proprietary delivery systems including Smartbox®. Demand has increased to such a degree that in 2012, we made the decision to increase our inventory of long lived packaging supplies. These are treated as other assets and amortized over expected lives of between 2 and 10 years. These items increased by $14,228 during the last two quarters of 2012. Additionally, we have increased supply levels of our patented computerized control systems that support farmer’s demand to improve the intelligence applied to delivering our products exactly in the right areas of the field and at the right application levels. The complex computer controllers are built in the fall and sold to growers in the spring.

We concluded an agreement with TyraTech on November 30, 2012 which involved the purchased of a 10-year license to access their patented technology. The cost of this license is included as an other asset, rather than an intangible asset, because it is not an owned asset.

The Company used $21,101 in investing activities in the twelve months to December 31, 2012 as compared to $6,577 in the same period of 2011. This year we have spent $17,628 on fixed assets primarily focused on continuing to invest in manufacturing infrastructure in support of our growing sales, and $3,473 on intangible assets, involving the purchase of a 10-year license for access to certain patented technology.

Our financing activities utilized net cash of $16,429 in 2012 as compared to providing $2,308 in 2011. The main uses were to make scheduled term loan amortization payments and to pay scheduled deferred payments related to product acquisitions in December, 2010. The Company increased its deferred liabilities primarily due to the TyraTech license

 

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Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

agreement mentioned above. This agreement is also the driver for the non-controlling interest which reflects TyraTech’s 40% ownership. The Company received $3,227 from the exercise of stock options and the sales of common stock under its ESPP plan as compared to $580 for the same period of last year. Finally, the Company made dividend payments in the amount of $6,148 during the twelve months to December 31, 2012 as compared to $2,205 in 2011.

This strong cash performance has resulted in the Company being able to report a cash balance at December 31, 2012 of $38,476 as compared to $35,085 at December 31, 2011.

The Company has various loans in place that together constitute the short-term and long-term loan balances shown in the balance sheet as at December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011. These are summarized in the following table:

 

 

Indebtedness

   At December 31, 2012      At December 31, 2011  

$000’s

   Long-term      Short-term      Total      Long-term      Short-term      Total  

Term loan

   $ 36,000       $ 10,000       $ 46,000       $ 46,000       $ 8,000       $ 54,000   

Notes Payable on product acquisitions and asset purchases

     196         6,247         6,443         5,917         6,460         12,377   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total indebtedness

   $ 36,196       $ 16,247       $ 52,443       $ 51,917       $ 14,460       $ 66,377   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

On January 10, 2011, the Company’s main operating subsidiary, AMVAC, as borrower, and affiliates (including the Company), as guarantors, entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) with a group of commercial lenders led by Bank of the West (AMVAC’s primary bank) as agent, swing line lender and letter of credit issuer. The Credit Agreement superseded the First Amendment to Credit Agreement (“First Amendment”) dated as of March 5, 2010 and more fully described in the Company’s Form 8-K filed on March 8, 2010. The Credit Agreement is a $137,000 senior secured lending facility consisting of a revolving line of credit of $75,000 and term loan commitments of $62,000. Also included, in the facility, is an additional accordion feature for up to $50,000. In connection with retiring the entire outstanding balance of the term loans and revolving credit facility (plus accrued interest) of the First Amendment upon termination thereof, on January 10, 2011, AMVAC borrowed $62,000 under the Credit Facility consisting of $62,000 in term loans. These loans bear interest at a variable rate of interest based on LIBOR and the Eurodollar Reserve of the Federal Reserve (“Eurodollar Rate Loan”), or, at AMVAC’s option, a variable rate of interest based upon the prime rate, the Federal Funds rate, and LIBOR (“Alternative Base Rate Loan”). The principal payments of the term loans are payable (a) in equal quarterly installments on or before the last business day of each March, June, September and December (i) through 2012 in the amount of $2,000, and (ii) thereafter through December 2015 in the amount of $2,500, and (b) the remainder, if any, not later than January 10, 2016. Interest accruing on the Eurodollar Rate Loans is payable on the last day of the interest period, which may be one, three or six months, as per borrower’s election. Interest accruing on the Alternate Base Rate Loans is payable monthly, in arrears, on the last day of the month and on the maturity date of any such loan in the amount of interest then accrued but unpaid. Both the senior secured revolving line of credit and the term loans mature on January 10, 2016.

The Company has four key covenants under the Credit Agreement (with which it was in compliance throughout the year and as of December) 31, 2012). The covenants are as follows: The Company must (1) maintain its borrowings below a certain consolidated funded debt ratio, (2) limit its annual spending on the acquisition of fixed asset capital additions, (3) maintain a certain consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio, and (4) maintain a certain modified current ratio.

At December 31, 2012 total indebtedness was $52,443 as compared to $66,377 at December 31, 2011. At December 31, 2012, based on its performance against the most restrictive covenants listed above, the Company had the capacity to increase its borrowings by up to $75,000 under the new credit facility agreement.

Substantially all of the Company’s assets are pledged as collateral with its banks.

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

The Company’s main bank is Bank of the West, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the French bank, BNP Paribas. Bank of the West has been the Company’s bank for more than 30 years. Bank of the West is the syndication manager for the Company’s loans and acts as the counterparty on the Company’s derivative transactions.

Recently Issued Accounting Guidance

In February 2013, The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2013-02, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, establishes new requirements for disclosing reclassifications of items out of accumulated other comprehensive income (OCI). Specifically, (1) disclosure is required of the changes in components of accumulated OCI, (2) disclosure is required of the effects on individual line items in net income for each item of accumulated OCI that is reclassified in its entirety to net income, and (3) cross references are required to other disclosures that provide additional details for OCI items that are not reclassified in their entirety to net income. The requirements of ASU 2013-02 apply to all entities (i.e., both public and nonpublic) that report items of OCI in any period presented. ASU 2013-02 is effective prospectively for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2012.

In October 2012, FASB issued ASU No. 2012-04, Technical Corrections and Improvements. This update primarily makes amendments to various Codifications to (1) conform the format and writing style of certain guidance carried forward without modification from pre-Codification pronouncements, (2) to correct references and provide clarification through updated language, and (3) to relocate guidance within the Codification to a more appropriate location. In addition, ASU No. 2012-4 conforms the use of the term fair value throughout the Codification to reflect fully the measurement and disclosure requirements of FASB ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement and Disclosures (e.g. to replace the terms “market value” and “mark-to-market” with “fair value” and “subsequently measure at fair value,” respectively). The majority of the amendments do not change the accounting practice. However, where applicable, the Company will apply the updates.

In December 2011, FASB issued ASU No. 2011-11, Balance Sheet. In response to the requests from financial users for comparability on the differences that resulted in offsetting assets and liabilities under U.S. GAAP requirements versus International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) requirements, the FASB and the International Accounting Standards Board, (“IASB”) jointly issued this update to enhance current disclosures. Entities are required to disclose both gross information and net information about both instruments and transactions eligible for offset in the statement of financial position and instruments and transactions subject to an agreement similar to a master netting arrangement. This scope would include derivatives, sale and repurchase agreements and reverse sale and repurchase agreements, and securities borrowing and securities lending arrangements. The objective of this disclosure is to facilitate comparison between those entities that prepare their financial statements on the basis of U.S. GAAP and those entities that prepare their financial statements on the basis of IFRS. The amendments in this update affect all entities that have financial instruments and derivative instruments that are either (1) offset in accordance with either Section 210-20-45 or Section 815-10-45 or (2) subject to an enforceable master netting arrangement or similar agreement. The requirements amend the disclosure requirements on offsetting in Section 210-20-50. An entity is required to apply the amendments for annual reporting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2013, and interim periods within those annual periods. The Company is evaluating the effect of this guidance but does not expect it to have a significant impact on its financial statements.

Foreign Exchange

Management does not believe that the fluctuation in the value of the dollar in relation to the currencies of its customers in the last three fiscal years has adversely affected the Company’s ability to sell products at agreed upon prices denominated in U.S. dollars. No assurance can be given, however, that adverse currency exchange rate fluctuations will not occur in the future. Should adverse currency exchange rate fluctuations occur in geographies where the Company sells/exports its products, management is not certain such fluctuations will or will not materially impact the Company’s operating results.

Inflation

Management believes inflation has not had a significant impact on the Company’s operations during the past three years. However, raw material prices have increased approximately 2% during the course of 2012 and are expected to continue to increase during 2013 and beyond due to the growth in global economies, particularly in China and India. This growth will put further pressure on supply demands of raw materials and will cause continual inflationary pressures to throughout 2013 and 2014.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Certain of the Company’s policies require the application of judgment by management in selecting the appropriate assumptions for calculating financial estimates. These judgments are based on historical experience, terms of existing contracts, commonly accepted industry practices and other assumptions that the Company believes are reasonable under the circumstances. These estimates and assumptions are reviewed periodically and the effects of revisions are reflected in the consolidated financial statements in the period they are determined to be necessary. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

The Company’s critical accounting policies and estimates include:

Revenue Recognition and Allowance for Doubtful AccountsRevenue from sales is recognized at the time title and the risks of ownership pass. This is when the customer has made the fixed commitment to purchase the goods, the products are shipped per the customer’s instructions, the sales price is fixed and determinable, and collection is reasonably assured. The Company has in place procedures to ensure that revenue is recognized when earned. The procedures are subject to management’s review and from time to time certain sales are excluded until it is clear that the title has passed and there is no further recourse to the Company. Allowance for doubtful accounts is estimated based on estimates of losses related to customer receivable balances. Estimates are developed using either standard quantitative measures based on historical losses, adjusted for current economic conditions or by evaluating specific customer accounts for risk of loss.

Accrued Program Costs—In accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 605, the Company classifies certain payments to its customers as a reduction of sales revenues. The Company describes these payments as “Programs”. Programs are a critical part of doing business in the agricultural chemicals business place. For accounting purposes, programs are recorded as a reduction in gross sales and include market pricing adjustments, volume take up or other key performance indicator driven payments made to distributors, retailers or growers at the end of a growing season. Each quarter management compares each sale transaction with published programs to determine what program liability has been incurred. Once this initial calculation is made for the specific quarter, sales and marketing management along with executive and financial management review the accumulated program balance and make assessments of whether or not customers are tracking in a manner that indicates that they will meet the requirements set out in the terms and conditions attached to each program. If management believes that customers are falling short of their annual goals then periodic adjustments will be made to the accumulated accrual to properly reflect the Company’s best estimate of the liability at the balance sheet date. The majority of adjustments are made at the end of the crop season at which time customer performance can be fully assessed. Programs are paid out predominantly on an annual basis, usually in the final quarter of the financial year or the first quarter of the following year.

Long-lived Assets—The carrying value of long-lived assets is reviewed for impairment quarterly and/or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of such assets may not be recoverable. Measurement of the impairment loss is based on the fair value of the asset. Generally, the fair value will be determined using valuation techniques such as the present value of expected future cash flows. Management considers the carrying value of long-lived assets to be reasonable.

Property, Plant and Equipment and Depreciation—Property, plant and equipment includes the cost of land, buildings, machinery and equipment, office furniture and fixtures, automobiles, construction projects and significant improvements to existing plant and equipment. Interest costs related to significant construction projects are capitalized at the Company’s current weighted average effective interest rate. Expenditures for minor repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred. When property or equipment is sold or otherwise disposed of, the related cost and accumulated depreciation is removed from the respective accounts and the gain or loss realized on disposition is reflected in earnings. All plant and equipment is depreciated using the straight-line method, utilizing the estimated useful property lives. Building lives range from 10 to 30 years; machinery and equipment lives range from 3 to 15 years; office furniture and fixture lives range from 3 to 10 years; automobile lives range from 3 to 6 years; construction projects and significant improvements to existing plant and equipment lives range from 3 to 15 years when placed in service. The agricultural chemicals business involves complex manufacturing processes that drive high capital cost plant.

Foreign Currency Translation—Assets and liabilities of foreign subsidiaries, where the local currency is the functional currency, have been translated at period end exchange rates and profit and loss accounts have been translated using weighted average yearly exchange rates. Adjustments resulting from translation have been recorded in the equity section of the balance sheet as cumulative translation adjustments in other comprehensive income (loss). The effect of foreign currency exchange gains and losses on transactions that are denominated in currencies other than the entity’s functional currency are re-measured to the functional currency using the end of the period exchange rates. The effects of re-measurement related to foreign currency transactions are included in current profit and loss accounts.

Derivative financial instruments and hedge activities—In accordance with FASB ASC 815, the Company recognizes all derivative instruments as either other assets or other liabilities at fair market value on the balance sheet. In accordance with the hierarchy contained in FASB ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements, the Company calculated fair value using

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

observable inputs other than Level 1 quoted prices (Level 2). During 2011, the Company entered into a Euro exchange forward contract in the amount of €4,500 for Euro-denominated liabilities that are to be settled in January 2013. These transactions are accounted for in accordance with the ASC 815, as non-designated hedges. The fair value is being recorded in the Balance Sheet, with the change in value recorded in earnings, and generally offset by the gains and losses associated with the underlying foreign-currency-denominated balances, which are also reported in earnings.

At December 31, 2012, the Company had in place one interest rate swap contract with a notional amount of $44,250 that is accounted for under FASB ASC 815 as a cash flow hedge. The effective portion of the gains or losses on the interest rate swap are reported as a component of other comprehensive income and reclassified into earnings in the same period or periods during which the hedged transactions affect earnings. Amounts in other comprehensive income expected to be reclassified to earnings in the coming 12 months are $(689). Amounts recorded in earnings for hedge ineffectiveness for the period ending December 2012 were insignificant.

The following tables illustrate the impact of derivatives on the Company’s income statement for the year ended December 31, 2012.

 

The Effect of Derivative Instruments on the Statement of Financial Performance  

For the Period Ended December 31

 

Derivatives in ASC 815 Cash Flow
Hedging Relationships

   Amount of Gain or
(Loss) Recognized in
OCI on  Derivative
(Effective Portion)
    Location of Gain or
(Loss) Reclassified
from Accumulated
OCI into Income
(Effective Portion)
     Amount of Gain or (Loss)
Reclassified from Accumulated
OCI  into Income (Effective
Portion)
    Location of Gain or
(Loss) Recognized in
Income  on Derivative
(Ineffective Portion)
     Amount of Gain or
(Loss) Recognized
in Income on
Derivative
(Ineffective Portion)
 
   2012     2011        2012     2011        2012     2011  

Interest rate contracts

   $ (472   $ (2,005     Interest expense       $ (721   $ (571     Interest expense       $ (1   $ (1 )
  

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ (472   $ (2,005      $ (721   $ (571      $ (1   $ (1 )
  

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

Derivatives Not Designated

as Hedging Instruments

   Location of Gain or (Loss) Recognized in Income on    Amount of
Gain or (Loss)
Recognized in
Income on
Derivative
 

under ASC 815                

  

Derivative

   2012      2011  

Foreign exchange contracts

   Other income/(expense)    $ (160    $ (399
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

      $ (160    $ (399
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets—The primary identifiable intangible assets of the Company relate to assets associated with its product acquisitions. The Company adopted the provisions of FASB ASC 320. Under the provisions of FASB ASC 320, identifiable intangibles with finite lives are amortized and those with indefinite lives are not amortized. The estimated useful life of an identifiable intangible asset to the Company is based upon a number of factors including the effects of demand, competition, and expected changes in the marketability of the Company’s products. The Company re-evaluates whether these intangible assets are impaired on an annual basis, relying on a number of factors including operating results, business plans and future cash flows. Identifiable intangible assets that are subject to amortization are evaluated for impairment using a process similar to that used to evaluate elements of property. The impairment test for identifiable intangible assets not subject to amortization consists of a comparison of the fair value of the intangible asset with its carrying amount. An impairment loss, if any, is recognized for the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value of the asset. Fair value is typically estimated using a discounted cash flow analysis, which requires the Company to estimate the future cash flows anticipated to be generated by the particular asset(s) being tested for impairment as well as selecting a discount rate to measure the present value of the anticipated cash flows. When determining future cash flow estimates, the Company considers historical results adjusted to reflect current and anticipated operating conditions. Estimating future cash flows requires significant judgment by the Company, in such areas as: future economic conditions, industry-specific conditions, product pricing and necessary capital expenditures. The use of different assumptions or estimates for future cash flows could produce different impairment amounts (or none at all) for long-lived assets, goodwill and identifiable intangible assets. The Company has performed an impairment review for the year ending December 2012 and there were no impairment losses recorded.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments—The carrying values of cash, receivables and accounts payable approximate their fair values because of the short maturity of these instruments. The fair value of the Company’s long-term debt and note payable to our lender group is estimated based on the quoted market prices for the same or similar issues or on the current rates offered to the Company for debt of the same remaining maturities. Such fair value approximates the respective carrying values of the Company’s long-term debt and note payable to bank.

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

The Company’s cash flow hedge related to a variable debt instrument and outstanding foreign currency derivatives used to hedge foreign currency balances are measured at fair value on a recurring basis, and the balances as of December 31, 2012 and 2011 (which are included in other assets, net and accrued and other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets) were as follows:

 

     Fair Value Measurements
Using Input Type
 
     Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  

As of December 31, 2012:

        

Liability:

        

Foreign currency derivative financial instrument

   $ —         $ 160       $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Interest rate derivative financial instruments (1)

   $ —        $ 1,201       $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

As of December 31, 2011:

        

Liability:

        

Foreign currency derivative financial instrument

   $ —        $ 399       $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Interest rate derivative financial instruments (1)

   $ —        $ 1,453       $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Includes accrued interest expense

The valuation techniques used to measure the fair value of the derivative financial instruments above in which the counterparties have high credit ratings, were derived from pricing models, such as discounted cash flow techniques, with all significant inputs derived from, or corroborated by, observable market data. The Company’s discounted cash flow techniques use observable market inputs, such as LIBOR-based yield curves and foreign currency forward rates.

 

ITEM 7A QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

The Company is exposed to market risk related to changes in interest rates, primarily from its borrowing activities. The Company’s indebtedness to its primary lender is evidenced by a line of credit with a variable rate of interest, which fluctuates with changes in the lender’s reference rate. The Company may use derivative financial instruments for trading purposes to protect trading performance from exchange rate fluctuations on material contracts; also, as a condition of the Company’s credit agreement with its banks, the Company is required to maintain in effect interest rate swap agreement(s) for a notional amount not less than one-half of the principal amount of its term loan (originally the term loan was $62,000) at any given time.

The Company conducts business in various foreign currencies, primarily in Europe, Mexico, Central and South America. Therefore changes in the value of the currencies of such countries or regions affect the Company’s financial position and cash flows when translated into U.S. Dollars. The Company has mitigated, and will continue to mitigate, a portion of its currency exchange exposure through natural hedges based on the operation of decentralized foreign operating companies in which the majority of all costs are local-currency based. A 10% change in the value of all foreign currencies would have an immaterial effect on the Company’s financial position and cash flows. As part of an on-going process of assessing business risk, management has identified risk factors which are disclosed in Item 1A. Risk Factors of this Report.

 

ITEM 8 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

The Financial Statements and Supplementary Data required by this item are listed at PART IV, Item 15, Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.

 

ITEM 9 CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

None.

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

ITEM 9A CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Management, under the supervision of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, periodically evaluate the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)). Based upon this evaluation, as of December 31, 2012, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer have concluded that these disclosure controls and procedures are effective in ensuring that the information required to be disclosed in reports filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported on a timely basis, and (ii) accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Management of the Company is responsible for the establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for AVD and its subsidiaries (“the Company”). The Company’s internal control system over financial reporting is designed to provide reasonable assurance to management and the Board of Directors as to the fair, reliable and timely preparation and presentation of consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America filed with the SEC.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Therefore, even processes determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to the financial statement preparation and presentation.

Management conducted an evaluation of the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting based on a framework set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in Internal Control—Integrated Framework. This evaluation included review of the documentation of controls, evaluation of the design effectiveness of controls, testing of the effectiveness of controls and a conclusion on the evaluation. Based on this evaluation, management believes that as of December 31, 2012, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting is effective.

BDO USA, LLP, the independent registered public accounting firm that audited the consolidated financial statements included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K, was engaged to attest to and report on the effectiveness of the American Vanguard’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2012. Its report is included herein.

Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in internal controls over financial reporting during the quarter ended December 31, 2012 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting

 

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders

American Vanguard Corporation

Newport Beach, California

We have audited American Vanguard Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2012, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the COSO criteria). American Vanguard Corporation’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Item 9A, Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, American Vanguard Corporation maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2012, based on the COSO criteria.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of American Vanguard Corporation as of December 31, 2012 and 2011, and the related consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2012 and our report dated March 1, 2013 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

/s/ BDO USA, LLP

Los Angeles, California

March 1, 2013

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

 

ITEM 9B OTHER INFORMATION

None.

PART III

 

ITEM 10 DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

The information set forth under the captions “Executive Officers of the Company,” “Election of Directors,” “Information About the Board of Directors and Committees of the Board” and “Transactions with Management and Others—Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance” in our definitive proxy statement for our Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held in 2013 (the “Proxy Statement”), which will be filed with the SEC within 120 days of the end of our fiscal year ended December 31, 2012, is incorporated herein by reference.

 

ITEM 11 EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

Except as specifically provided, the information set forth under the captions “Compensation of Executive Officers” and “Information About the Board of Directors and Committees of the Board—Compensation of Directors” in the Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference.

 

ITEM 12 SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

The disclosure contained in Part II, Item 5 under “Equity Compensation Plan Information” is incorporated herein by reference. Information regarding security ownership of certain beneficial owners and management is incorporated by reference to the information set forth under the caption “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management” in the Proxy Statement.

 

ITEM 13 CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

The information set forth under the captions “Transactions with Management and Others” and “Information About the Board of Directors and Committees of the Board” in the Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference.

 

ITEM 14 PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

Information regarding principal accountant fees and services is incorporated by reference to the information set forth under the caption “Ratification of the Selection of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm—Relationship of the Company with Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm” in the Proxy Statement.

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

REPORT OF THE AUDIT COMMITTEE

The responsibilities of the Audit Committee, which are set forth in the Audit Committee Charter, include providing oversight to the Company’s financial reporting process through periodic meetings with the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm and management to review accounting, auditing, internal controls and financial reporting matters. The management of the Company is responsible for the preparation and integrity of the financial reporting information and related systems of internal controls. The Audit Committee, in carrying out its role, relies on the Company’s senior management, including senior financial management, and its independent registered public accounting firm.

We have reviewed and discussed with senior management the Company’s audited financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Management has confirmed to us that such financial statements (i) have been prepared with integrity and objectivity and are the responsibility of management and (ii) have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles.

We have discussed with BDO USA, LLP, the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, the matters required to be discussed by AU 380 (Communications with Audit Committee). AU 380 requires our independent registered public accounting firm to provide us with additional information regarding the scope and results of their audit of the Company’s financial statements, including with respect to (i) their responsibility under generally accepted auditing standards, (ii) significant accounting policies, (iii) management judgments and estimates, (iv) any significant audit adjustments, (v) any disagreements with management, and (vi) any difficulties encountered in performing the audit.

We have received from BDO USA, LLP, a letter providing the disclosures required by Rule 3526, Communication with Audit Committee Concerning Independence with respect to any relationships between BDO USA, LLP and the Company that in their professional judgment may reasonably be thought to bear on independence. BDO USA, LLP has discussed its independence with us, and has confirmed in such letter that, in its professional judgment, it is independent of the Company within the meaning of the federal securities laws.

Based on the review and discussions described above with respect to the Company’s audited financial statements, we have recommended to the Board of Directors that such financial statements be included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

As specified in the Audit Committee Charter, it is not the duty of the Audit Committee to plan or conduct audits or to determine that the Company’s financial statements are complete and accurate and in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. That is the responsibility of management and the Company’s independent auditors. In addition, it is not the duty of the Audit Committee to conduct investigations, to resolve disagreements, if any, between management and the independent auditors, or to assure compliance with laws and regulations and the Company’s Code of Conduct and Ethics. In giving our recommendation to the Board of Directors, we have relied on (i) management’s representation that such financial statements have been prepared with integrity and objectivity and in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, and (ii) the report of the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm with respect to such financial statements.

AUDIT COMMITTEE

Irving J. Thau, Chair

Jerome L. Coben

Lawrence S. Clark

Alfred Ingulli

March 1, 2013

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

PART IV

 

ITEM 15 EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

 

  (a) The following documents are filed as part of this report:

Index to Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data:

 

Description

   Page No.

Financial Statements:

  

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

   41

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2012 and 2011

   42

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income for the Years Ended December  31, 2012, 2011, and 2010

   43

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the Years Ended December  31, 2012, 2011 and 2010

   44

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2012, 2011, and 2010

   45

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

   47

 

  (b) Exhibits:

The exhibits listed on the accompanying Index To Exhibits, page 101 are filed as part of this annual report.

 

  (c) Valuation and qualifying accounts:

Schedule II-A—Valuation and Qualifying Accounts

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts Receivable (in thousands)

 

Fiscal Year Ended

  

Balance
at

Beginning

     Additions Charged to     Deductions      Balance at
End of
Period
 
   of
Period
     Costs and
Expenses
     Other       

December 31, 2012

   $ 340         —        $ 283        —        $ 623   

December 31, 2011

   $ 447         —        $ (107     —        $ 340   

December 31, 2010

   $ 636         —        $ (189     —        $ 447   

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, American Vanguard Corporation has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

(Registrant)

 

By:

 

/s/    ERIC G. WINTEMUTE        

  By:  

/s/    DAVID T. JOHNSON        

    Eric G. Wintemute       David T. Johnson
   

Chief Executive Officer

and Chairman of the Board

     

Chief Financial Officer

and Principal Accounting Officer

  March 1, 2013     March 1, 2013

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities indicated.

 

By:

 

/s/    ERIC G. WINTEMUTE        

  By:  

/s/    DAVID T. JOHNSON        

    Eric G. Wintemute       David T. Johnson
   

Principal Executive Officer

and Chairman of the Board

     

Principal Financial Officer

and Principal Accounting Officer

  March 1, 2013     March 1, 2013

 

By:

 

/s/    DEBRA EDWARDS        

  By:  

/s/    JOHN L. KILLMER        

    Debra Edwards       John L. Killmer
    Director       Director
  March 1, 2013     March 1, 2013

By:

 

/s/    LAWRENCE S. CLARK        

  By:  

/s/    CARL R. SODERLIND        

    Lawrence S. Clark       Carl R. Soderlind
    Director       Director
  March 1, 2013     March 1, 2013

By:

 

/s/    IRVING J. THAU         

  By:  

/s/    ALFRED INGULLI        

    Irving J. Thau       Alfred Ingulli
    Director       Director
  March 1, 2013     March 1, 2013

By:

 

/s/    ESMAIL ZIRAKPARVAR        

  By:   /s/    JEROME L. COBEN        
    Esmail Zirakparvar       Jerome L. Coben
    Director       Director
    March 1, 2013       March 1, 2013

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders

American Vanguard Corporation

Newport Beach, California

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of American Vanguard Corporation (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2012 and 2011 and the related consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2012. In connection with our audits of the financial statements, we have also audited the financial statement schedule listed in the accompanying index under Item 15(c). These financial statements and schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and schedule based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements and schedule. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of American Vanguard Corporation at December 31, 2012 and 2011, and the results of its operations and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2012, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Also, in our opinion, the financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic consolidated financial statements taken as a whole, present fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), American Vanguard Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2012, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) and our report dated March 1, 2013 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

/s/ BDO USA, LLP

Los Angeles, California

March 1, 2013

 

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AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

December 31, 2012 and 2011

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

     2012     2011  
Assets     

Current assets:

    

Cash

   $ 38,476      $ 35,085   

Receivables:

    

Trade, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $623 and $340, respectively

     76,073        68,611   

Other

     1,230        1,187   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     77,303        69,798   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Inventories

     87,951        71,068   

Prepaid expenses

     13,710        4,167   

Income taxes receivable

     —          203   

Deferred income tax assets

     4,877        3,417   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     222,317        183,738   

Property, plant and equipment, net

     45,701        35,537   

Intangible assets, net

     113,521        116,189   

Other assets

     18,351        7,094   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 399,890      $ 342,558   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity     

Current liabilities:

    

Current installments of long-term debt

   $ 16,247      $ 14,460   

Current installments of other liabilities

     1,839        1,038   

Accounts payable

     32,838        23,214   

Deferred revenue

     20,427        7,571   

Accrued program costs

     32,335        25,910   

Tax payable

     1,313        —     

Accrued expenses and other payables

     8,671        6,832   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     113,670        79,025   

Long-term debt, excluding current installments

     36,196        51,917   

Other liabilities, excluding current installments

     5,425        5,955   

Deferred income tax liabilities

     19,163        18,589   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     174,454        155,486   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commitments and contingent liabilities:

    

Stockholders’ equity:

    

Preferred stock, $.10 par value per share; authorized 400,000 shares; none issued

     —          —     

Common stock, $.10 par value per share; authorized 40,000,000 shares; issued 30,766,730 shares in 2012 and 29,845,047 shares in 2011

     3,077        2,985   

Additional paid-in capital

     54,323        45,966   

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (1,762     (2,250

Retained earnings

     174,243        143,524   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     229,881        190,225   

Less treasury stock at cost, 2,310,634 shares in 2012 and 2,260,996 shares in 2011

     (4,804     (3,153
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

American Vanguard stockholders’s equity

     225,077        187,072   

Non-controlling interest

     359        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     225,436        187,072   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 399,890      $ 342,558   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See summary of significant accounting policies and notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

41


Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

Years ended December 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

     2012     2011     2010  

Net sales

   $ 366,190      $ 301,080      $ 226,859   

Cost of sales

     205,065        178,012        140,538   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

     161,125        123,068        86,321   

Operating expenses

     101,802        83,842        67,130   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     59,323        39,226        19,191   

Interest expense

     2,872        3,569        3,171   

Interest income

     (1     (3     —    

Interest capitalized

     (400     (109     (154

Extinguishment of debt

     —          546        —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before provision for income taxes

     56,852        35,223        16,174   

Income taxes expense

     20,026        13,155        5,190   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

     36,826        22,068        10,984   

Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest

     (41     —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to American Vanguard

   $ 36,867      $ 22,068      $ 10,984   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Change in fair value of interest rate swaps

     158        (869     1,094  

Foreign currency translation adjustment

     330        (933     201   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

   $ 37,355      $ 20,266      $ 12,279   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings per common share—basic

   $ 1.32      $ 0.80      $ 0.40   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings per common share—assuming dilution

   $ 1.28      $ 0.79      $ 0.40   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding—basic

     27,914        27,559        27,385   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding—assuming dilution

     28,756        27,875        27,652   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See summary of significant accounting policies and notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

42


Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Years ended December 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

     Common Stock      Additional
Paid-in
     Retained     Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
   

Non-

Controlling

    Treasury Stock     Total  
     Shares      Amount      Capital      Earnings     Income/(loss)     Interest     Shares      Amount    

Balance, December 31, 2009

     29,575,562       $ 2,958       $ 41,529       $ 113,496      $ (1,743   $ —         2,260,996       $ (3,153   $ 153,087   

Stocks issued under ESPP

     60,047         6         480         —         —         —         —          —         486   

Cash dividends on common stock ($0.03 per share)

     —          —          —          (819     —         —         —          —         (819

Foreign currency translation adjustment, net

     —          —          —          —         201        —         —          —         201   

Stock based compensation

     —          —          1,122         —         —         —         —          —         1,122   

Changes in fair value of interest swap

     —          —          —          —         1,094        —         —          —         1,094   

Stock options exercised and grants of restricted stock units

     100,319         10         272         —         —         —         —          —         282   

Net income

     —          —          —          10,984        —         —         —          —         10,984   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2010

     29,735,928         2,974         43,403         123,661        (448     —         2,260,996         (3,153     166,437   

Stocks issued under ESPP

     54,933         6         459         —         —         —         —          —         465   

Cash dividends on common stock ($0.08 per share)

     —          —          —          (2,205     —         —         —          —         (2,205

Foreign currency translation adjustment, net

     —          —          —          —         (933     —         —          —         (933

Stock based compensation

     —          —          1,994         —         —         —         —          —         1,994   

Changes in fair value of interest swap

     —          —          —          —         (869     —         —          —         (869

Stock options exercised and grants of restricted stock units

     54,186         5         110         —         —         —         —          —         115   

Net income

     —          —          —          22,068        —         —         —          —         22,068   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2011

     29,845,047         2,985         45,966         143,524        (2,250     —         2,260,996         (3,153     187,072   

Stocks issued under ESPP

     40,116         4         547         —         —         —         —          —         551   

Cash dividends on common stock ($0.22 per share)

     —          —           —          (6,148     —         —         —          —         (6,148

Foreign currency translation adjustment, net

     —          —           —          —         330        —         —          —         330   

Stock based compensation

     —          —           2,950         —         —         —         —          —         2,950   

Changes in fair value of interest swap

     —          —           —          —         158        —         —          —         158   

Stock options exercised and grants of restricted stock units

     881,567         88         4,239         —         —         —         49,638        (1,651     2,676   

Excess tax benefits from share based payment arrangements

     —           —           621         —          —          —         —           —         621   

Non-controlling interest contribution

     —           —           —           —         —          400        —           —         400   

Net (loss) income

     —          —           —          36,867        —         (41 )     —          —         36,826   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2012

     30,766,730       $ 3,077       $ 54,323       $ 174,243      $ (1,762   $ 359        2,310,634       $ (4,804   $ 225,436   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

See summary of significant accounting policies and notes to consolidated financial statements

 

43


Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

Years ended December 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

     2012     2011     2010  

Increase cash

      

Cash flows from operating activities:

      

Net income

   $ 36,826      $ 22,068      $ 10,984   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

      

Depreciation and amortization of fixed and intangible assets

     13,487        13,546        11,123   

Amortization of other long term assets

     2,925        1,983        3,258   

Amortization of discounted liabilities

     818        1,371        —    

Stock-based compensation

     2,950        1,994        1,122   

Tax benefit from exercise of stock options

     (621     —         —    

(Decrease) increase in deferred income taxes

     (886     4,711        5,342   

Changes in assets and liabilities associated with operations:

      

(Increase) decrease in net receivables

     (7,505     (35,021     6,967   

(Increase) decrease in inventories

     (16,883     2,986        (1,542

Decrease (increase) in income tax receivable/payable, net

     2,137        6,512        (2,583

Increase in prepaid expenses and other assets

     (23,725     (1,823     (2,235

Increase in accounts payable

     9,781        8,384        3,095   

Increase in deferred revenue

     12,856        2,003        5,568   

Increase (decrease) in other payables and accrued expenses

     8,264        10,552        (7,909
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     40,424        39,266        33,190   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

      

Capital expenditures

     (17,628     (6,261     (8,004

Acquisitions of intangible assets

     (3,473     (316     (32,677
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (21,101     (6,577     (40,681
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

      

Net (repayments) borrowings under line of credit agreement

     —         (7,300     4,700   

Payments on long-term debt

     (8,443     (8,429     (8,107

Payment on other long-term liabilities

     (6,035     (401     —    

Tax benefit from exercise of stock options

     621        —          —    

Increase in other notes payable

     (51     20,063        11,586   

Proceeds from the issuance of common stock (sale of stock under ESPP and exercise of stock options)

     3,227        580        768   

Non-controlling interest contribution

     400        —         —    

Payment of cash dividends

     (6,148     (2,205     (819
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

     (16,429     2,308        8,128   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase in cash

     2,894        34,997        637   

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

     497        (1,070     138   

Cash at beginning of year

     35,085        1,158        383   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash at end of year

   $ 38,476      $ 35,085      $ 1,158   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental cash flow information:

      

Cash paid during the year for:

      

Interest

   $ 1,891      $ 2,055      $ 3,661   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income taxes

   $ 18,048      $ 6,359      $ 2,205   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See summary of significant accounting policies and notes to the consolidated financial statements

 

44


Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities:

During the fourth quarter of 2012, the Company formed a new venture and entered into a licensing agreement with the minority partner. As a result of the transactions, the Company recorded $1,073 as additions to intangible asset and related liability.

During the first quarter of 2011, the Company recorded final purchase accounting entries related to the product line acquisitions completed in the final quarter of 2010. As a result, the Company recorded $6,802 as additions to intangible assets and related liability. There was no cash impact on this transaction during this period. During the last quarter of 2011, the Company completed the acquisition of product lines and recorded intangible assets in the amount of $316.

During 2010, the Company completed the acquisition of product lines and recorded intangible assets in the amount of $32,677, of which $20,655 was paid during the period.

 

45


Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Years Ended December 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

Description of Business, Basis of Consolidation and Significant Accounting Policies

American Vanguard Corporation (the “Company”) is primarily a specialty chemical manufacturer that develops and markets safe and effective products for agricultural and commercial uses. The Company manufactures and formulates chemicals for crops, human and animal protection. The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, its wholly-owned subsidiaries and its majority owned subsidiary, Envance. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The Company operates within a single operating segment.

Based on similar economic and operational characteristics, the Company’s business is aggregated into one reportable segment. Selective enterprise information is as follows:

 

     2012      2011      2010  

Net sales:

        

Insecticides

   $ 194,060       $ 137,460       $ 84,500   

Herbicides

     89,899         90,782         86,780   

Other

     45,581         43,826         32,113   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total crop

     329,540         272,068         203,393   

Non-crop

     36,650         29,012         23,466   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 366,190       $ 301,080       $ 226,859   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Gross profit:

        

Crop

   $ 142,019       $ 110,348       $ 77,916   

Non-crop

     19,106         12,720         8,405   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 161,125       $ 123,068       $ 86,321   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Due to elements inherent to the Company’s business, such as differing and unpredictable weather patterns, crop growing cycles, changes in product mix of sales and ordering patterns that may vary in timing, measuring the Company’s performance on a quarterly basis (gross profit margins on a quarterly basis may vary significantly) even when such comparisons are favorable, is not as good an indicator as full-year comparisons.

Cost of SalesIn addition to normal cost centers (i.e., direct labor, raw materials) included in cost of sales, the Company also includes such cost centers as Health and Safety, Environmental, Maintenance and Quality Control in cost of sales.

Other Than Cost of Sales—Operating ExpensesOperating expenses include cost centers for Selling, General and Administrative, Research and Product Development, Regulatory/Registration, Freight, Delivery and Warehousing.

 

     2012      2011      2010  

Selling

   $ 25,869       $ 23,318       $ 19,653   

General and administrative

     29,715         21,429         17,881   

Research, product development and regulatory

     20,750         18,041         12,635   

Freight, delivery and warehousing

     25,468         21,054         16,961   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 101,802       $ 83,842       $ 67,130   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Freight, Delivery and Warehousing ExpenseFreight, delivery and warehousing costs incurred by the Company are reported as operating expenses. All amounts billed to a customer in a sales transaction related to freight, delivery and warehousing are recorded as a reduction in operating expenses.

 

46


Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

Advertising ExpenseThe Company expenses advertising costs in the period incurred. Advertising expenses, which include promotional costs, are recognized in operating costs (specifically in selling expenses) in the consolidated statements of operations and were $2,680 in 2012, $2,095 in 2011 and $2,530 in 2010.

InventoriesThe Company values its inventories at lower of cost or market. Cost is determined by the first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) method, including material, labor and factory overhead. The Company writes down and makes adjustments to its inventory carry values as a result of the effects of unutilized capacity, net realizable value assessments of slow moving and obsolete inventory and other annual adjustments to ensure that our standard costs continue to closely reflect manufacturing cost.

The components of inventories consist of the following:

 

     2012      2011  

Finished products

   $ 74,900       $ 61,023   

Raw materials

     13,051         10,045   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 87,951       $ 71,068   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Revenue Recognition and Allowance for Doubtful AccountsRevenue from sales is recognized at the time title and the risks of ownership pass. This is when the customer has made the fixed commitment to purchase the goods, the products are shipped per the customer’s instructions, the sales price is fixed and determinable, and collection is reasonably assured. The Company has in place procedures to ensure that revenue is recognized when earned. The procedures are subject to management’s review and from time to time certain sales are excluded until it is clear that the title has passed and there is no further recourse to the Company. Allowance for doubtful accounts is estimated based on estimates of losses related to customer receivable balances. Estimates are developed using either standard quantitative measures based on historical losses, adjusted for current economic conditions or by evaluating specific customer accounts for risk of loss.

Accrued Program Costs—In accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 605, the Company classifies certain payments to its customers as a reduction of sales revenues. The Company describes these payments as “Programs.” Programs are a critical part of doing business in the agricultural chemicals business market place. For accounting purposes, programs are recorded as a reduction in gross sales and include market pricing adjustments, volume take up or other key performance indicator, driven payments made to distributors, retailers or growers at the end of a growing season. Each quarter management compares each sale transaction with published programs to determine what program liability has been incurred. Once this initial calculation is made for the specific quarter, sales and marketing management along with executive and financial management review the accumulated program balance and make assessments of whether or not customers are tracking in a manner that indicates that they will meet the requirements set out in the terms and conditions attached to each program. If management believes that customers are falling short of their annual goals then periodic adjustments will be made to the accumulated accrual to properly reflect the Company’s best estimate of the liability at the balance sheet date. The majority of adjustments are made at the end of the crop season, at which time customer performance can be fully assessed. Programs are paid out predominantly on an annual basis, usually in the final quarter of the financial year or the first quarter of the following year.

Long-lived Assets—The carrying value of long-lived assets is reviewed for impairment quarterly and/or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of such assets may not be recoverable. Measurement of the impairment loss is based on the fair value of the asset. Generally, the fair value will be determined using valuation techniques such as the present value of expected future cash flows. Management considers the carrying value of long-lived assets to be reasonable.

 

47


Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

Property, Plant and Equipment and Depreciation—Property, plant and equipment includes the cost of land, buildings, machinery and equipment, office furniture and fixtures, automobiles, construction projects and significant improvements to existing plant and equipment. Interest costs related to significant construction projects are capitalized at the Company’s weighted average cost of capital. Expenditures for maintenance and minor repairs are expensed as incurred. When property or equipment is sold or otherwise disposed of, the related cost and accumulated depreciation is removed from the respective accounts, and the gain or loss realized on disposition is reflected in earnings. All plant and equipment is depreciated using the straight-line method, utilizing the estimated useful property lives. Building lives range from 10 to 30 years; machinery and equipment lives range from 3 to 15 years; office furniture and fixture lives range from 3 to 10 years; automobile lives range from 3 to 6 years; construction projects and significant improvements to existing plant and equipment lives range from 3 to 15 years when placed in service. The agricultural chemicals business involves complex manufacturing processes that drive high capital cost plant.

Foreign Currency Translation—Assets and liabilities of foreign subsidiaries, where the local currency is the functional currency, have been translated at periodend exchange rates, and profit and loss accounts have been translated using weighted average yearly exchange rates. Adjustments resulting from translation have been recorded in the equity section of the balance sheet as cumulative translation adjustments in other comprehensive income (loss). The effect of foreign currency exchange gains and losses on transactions that are denominated in currencies other than the entity’s functional currency are remeasured to the functional currency using the end of the period exchange rates. The effects of remeasurement related to foreign currency transactions are included in current profit and loss accounts.

Derivative financial instruments and hedge activities— In accordance with FASB ASC 815 Derivatives and Hedging, the Company recognizes all derivative instruments as either other assets or other liabilities at fair market value on the balance sheet. In accordance with the hierarchy contained in FASB ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements, the Company calculated fair value using observable inputs other than Level 1 quoted prices (Level 2). During 2011, the Company entered into a Euro exchange forward contract in the amount of €4,500 for Euro-denominated liabilities that settled in January 2013. These transactions are accounted for in accordance with the ASC 815, as non-designated hedges. The fair value is being recorded in the Balance Sheet, with the change in value recorded in earnings, and generally offset by the gains and losses associated with the underlying foreign-currency-denominated balances, which are also reported in earnings.

At December 31, 2012, the Company had in place one interest rate swap contract with a notional amount of $44,250 that is accounted for under FASB ASC 815 as a cash flow hedge. The effective portion of the gains or losses on the interest rate swap are reported as a component of other comprehensive income and reclassified into earnings in the same period or periods during which the hedged transactions affect earnings. Amounts in other comprehensive income expected to be reclassified to earnings in the coming 12 months are $(689). Amounts recorded in earnings for hedge ineffectiveness for the period ending December 2012 were immaterial.

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets—The primary identifiable intangible assets of the Company relate to product rights associated with its product acquisitions. The Company adopted the provisions of FASB ASC 350. Under the provisions of FASB ASC 350, identifiable intangibles with finite lives are amortized and those with indefinite lives are not amortized. The estimated useful life of an identifiable intangible asset to the Company is based upon a number of factors including the effects of demand, competition, and expected changes in the marketability of the Company’s products. The Company re-evaluates whether these intangible assets are impaired on an annual basis, relying on a number of factors including operating results, business plans and future cash flows. Identifiable intangible assets that are subject to amortization are evaluated for impairment using a process similar to that used to evaluate elements of property. The impairment test for identifiable intangible assets not subject to amortization consists of a comparison of the fair value of the intangible asset with its carrying amount. An impairment loss, if any, is recognized for the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value of the asset. Fair value is typically estimated using a discounted cash flow analysis, which requires the Company to estimate the future cash flows anticipated to be generated by the particular asset(s) being tested for impairment as well as selecting a discount rate to measure the present value of the anticipated cash flows. When determining future cash flow estimates, the Company considers historical results adjusted to reflect current and anticipated operating conditions. Estimating future cash flows requires significant judgment by the Company in such areas as future economic conditions, industry-specific conditions, product pricing and necessary capital expenditures. The use of different assumptions or estimates for future cash flows could produce different impairment amounts (or none at all) for long-lived assets, goodwill and identifiable intangible assets. The Company has performed an impairment review for the year ending December 2012, and there were no impairment losses recorded.

 

48


Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments—The carrying values of cash, receivables and accounts payable approximate their fair values because of the short maturity of these instruments. The fair value of the Company’s long-term debt and note payable to our lender group is estimated based on the quoted market prices for the same or similar issues or on the current rates offered to the Company for debt of the same remaining maturities. Such fair value approximates the respective carrying values of the Company’s long-term debt and note payable to bank.

The Company measures fair value based on the prices that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Fair value measurements are based on a three-tier hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. These tiers include the following:

Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that are accessible at the measurement date. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to Level 1 inputs.

Level 2: Observable prices that are based on inputs not quoted on active markets, but corroborated by market data. These inputs include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted market prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

Level 3: Unobservable inputs are used when little or no market data is available. The fair value hierarchy gives the lowest priority to Level 3 inputs.

In determining fair value, the Company utilizes valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs to the extent possible, as well as considering counterparty credit risk in the assessment of fair value.

 

     Fair Value Measurements
Using Input Type
 
     Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  

As of December 31, 2012:

        

Liability:

        

Foreign currency derivative financial instrument

   $ —        $ 160       $  —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Interest rate derivative financial instruments (1)

   $  —        $ 1,201       $  —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

As of December 31, 2011:

        

Liability:

        

Foreign currency derivative financial instrument

   $  —        $ 399       $  —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Interest rate derivative financial instruments (1)

   $  —        $ 1,453       $  —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

  (1) Includes accrued interest expense.

Income Taxes The Company utilizes the liability method of accounting for income taxes as set forth in ASC 740. Under the liability method, deferred taxes are determined based on the temporary differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities using tax rates expected to be in effect during the years in which the basis differences reverse. A valuation allowance is recorded when it is more likely than not that some of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. In determining the need for valuation allowances, the Company considers projected future taxable income and the availability of tax planning strategies. If in the future the Company determines that it would not be able to realize its recorded deferred tax assets, an increase in the valuation allowance would be recorded, decreasing earnings in the period in which such determination is made.

The Company assesses its income tax positions and records tax benefits for all years subject to examination based upon the Company’s evaluation of the facts, circumstances and information available at the reporting date. For those tax positions where there is greater than 50% likelihood that a tax benefit will be sustained, the Company has recorded the largest amount of tax benefit that may potentially be realized upon ultimate settlement with a taxing authority that has full knowledge of all relevant information. For those income tax positions where there is less than 50% likelihood that a tax benefit will be sustained, no tax benefit has been recognized in the financial statements.

Per Share Information—FASB ASC 260, requires dual presentation of basic EPS and diluted EPS on the face of all income statements. Basic EPS is computed as net income divided by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS reflects potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts, which, for the Company, consists of options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock, are exercised as calculated using the treasury stock method.

 

49


Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

The components of basic and diluted earnings per share were as follows:

 

     2012      2011      2010  

Numerator:

        

Net income attributable to American Vanguard

   $ 36,867       $ 22,068       $ 10,984   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Denominator:

        

Weighted average shares outstanding—basic

     27,914         27,559         27,385   

Assumed exercise of stock options—fully dilutive

     842         316         267   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     28,756         27,875         27,652   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Accounting Estimates—The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses at the date that the financial statements are prepared. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Reclassifications—Certain prior year’s amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year’s presentation. The Company supplies certain insecticide products to US growers in Smartboxes that are part of a proprietary delivery system that effectively protects farm workers and other end-users from exposure to the Company’s products. The growers purchase these Smartbox systems from the Company. The Company changed its classification and revenue presentation for Smartbox assets in 2012 to more appropriately reflect the accounting for these assets. Historically, the Company classified Smartbox assets in both prepaid expenses and property, plant and equipment. In 2012, the Company reclassified the Smartbox assets to both prepaid expenses and other assets. The comparative presentation for 2011 was changed to increase prepaid expenses by $1,856, increase other assets by $1,880 and decrease property, plant and equipment by $3,736.

Revision of 2011 Financial Statements—The 2011 financial statements have been revised to appropriately reflect the correct application of generally accepted accounting principles. The 2011 balance sheet has been revised to reflect an increase in current deferred tax assets by $3,417 and a decrease in non-current deferred tax liabilities by a similar amount which was previously incorrectly presented on a net basis with the Company’s non-current deferred tax liabilities. Additionally, net sales and cost of sales for the year ended December 31, 2011 have each been decreased by $3,349 to appropriately reverse an improper gross-up. These revisions had no impact on previously reported 2011 amounts for stockholders’ equity, gross margin, net income, earnings per share or cash flows from operations. The Company concluded that these revisions were not material to previously issued financial statements.

Stock-Based Compensation—The Company accounts for stock-based awards to employees and directors using FASB ASC 718. When applying the provisions of FASB ASC 718, the Company also applies the provisions of Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) No. 107 and SAB No. 110.

FASB ASC 718 requires companies to estimate the fair value of share-based payment awards on the date of grant. The value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as expense over the requisite service periods in the Company’s Consolidated Statement of Operations.

Stock-based compensation expense recognized during the period is based on the fair value of the portion of share-based payment awards that is ultimately expected to vest during the period. Stock-based compensation expense recognized is reduced for forfeitures as required by FASB ASC 718. Estimated forfeitures recognized in the Company’s Consolidated Statement of Operations reduced compensation expense at December 31, 2012 by $91. The Company estimates that 9.7% of all restricted stock grants that are currently vesting will be forfeited. The Company estimates that 1.1% of all stock option grants that are currently vesting will be forfeited.

As of December 31, 2012, the Company had approximately $840 of unamortized stock-based compensation expenses related to unvested options, which will be recognized over the weighted-average period of 1.0 year. As of December 31, 2012, the Company had approximately $3,697 of unamortized stock-based compensation expenses related to unvested restricted stock, which will be recognized over the weighted-average period of 2.3 years. This projected expense will change if any stock options and restricted stock are granted or cancelled prior to the respective reporting periods or if there are any changes required to be made for estimated forfeitures.

The Company uses the Black-Scholes option-pricing model (“Black-Scholes model”) to value option grants using the following weighted average assumptions:

 

     2011  

Risk free interest rate

     2.26

Dividend yield

     0.05

Volatility factor

     55.31

Weighted average life (years)

     6.0 years   

The weighted average grant-date fair values of options granted during 2011 and 2010 were $6.62 and $3.78, respectively. There were no option shares granted during 2012.

The expected volatility and expected life assumptions are highly complex and use subjective variables. The variables take into consideration, among other things, actual and projected employee stock option exercise behavior. The Company estimates expected term using the “safe harbor” provisions of SAB 107 and SAB 110. The Company used historical volatility as a proxy for estimating expected volatility.

 

50


Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

In December 2012, two employees retired, both of whom held options to acquire common stock. At the time of their retirement, options to acquire a total of 13,334 shares of common stock at $7.50 per share were unvested. The Company modified these unvested awards allowing the retiring employees to fully vest. Additionally, the retired employees were given one year to exercise these newly vested awards. At the time of modification, these modified awards were treated as a new grant and their fair value was measured as of the modification date using the Black Scholes model at $23.55 per share, resulting in $314 of additional stock-based compensation expense being recognized in 2012.

The Company values restricted stock grants using the Company’s traded stock price on the date of grant. The weighted average grant-date fair values of restricted stock grants during 2012, 2011, and 2010 were $21.51, $12.30, and $7.59, respectively.

Recently Issued Accounting Guidance

In February 2013, The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2013-02, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, establishes new requirements for disclosing reclassifications of items out of accumulated other comprehensive income (OCI). Specifically, (1) disclosure is required of the changes in components of accumulated OCI, (2) disclosure is required of the effects on individual line items in net income for each item of accumulated OCI that is reclassified in its entirety to net income, and (3) cross references are required to other disclosures that provide additional details for OCI items that are not reclassified in their entirety to net income. The requirements of ASU 2013-02 apply to all entities (i.e., both public and nonpublic) that report items of OCI in any period presented. ASU 2013-02 is effective prospectively for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2012.

In October 2012, the FASB issued ASU No. 2012-04, Technical Corrections and Improvements. This update primarily makes amendments to various Codifications to (1) conform the format and writing style of certain guidance carried forward without modification from pre-Codification pronouncements, (2) to correct references and provide clarification through updated language, and (3) to relocate guidance within the Codification to a more appropriate location. In addition, ASU No. 2012-4 conforms the use of the term fair value throughout the Codification to reflect fully the measurement and disclosure requirements of FASB ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement and Disclosures (e.g. to replace the terms “market value” and “mark-to-market” with “fair value” and “subsequently measure at fair value,” respectively). The majority of the amendments do not change the accounting practice. However, where applicable, the Company will apply the updates.

In December 2011, FASB issued ASU No. 2011-11, Balance Sheet. In response to the requests from financial users for comparability on the differences that resulted in offsetting assets and liabilities under U.S. GAAP requirements versus International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) requirements, the FASB and the International Accounting Standards Board, (“IASB”) jointly issued this update to enhance current disclosures. Entities are required to disclose both gross information and net information about both instruments and transactions eligible for offset in the statement of financial position and instruments and transactions subject to an agreement similar to a master netting arrangement. This scope would include derivatives, sale and repurchase agreements and reverse sale and repurchase agreements, and securities borrowing and securities lending arrangements. The objective of this disclosure is to facilitate comparison between those entities that prepare their financial statements on the basis of U.S. GAAP and those entities that prepare their financial statements on the basis of IFRS. The amendments in this Update affect all entities that have financial instruments and derivative instruments that are either (1) offset in accordance with either Section 210-20-45 or Section 815-10-45 or (2) subject to an enforceable master netting arrangement or similar agreement. The requirements amend the disclosure requirements on offsetting in Section 210-20-50. An entity is required to apply the amendments for annual reporting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2013, and interim periods within those annual periods. The Company is evaluating the effect of this guidance but does not expect it to have a significant impact on its financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

(1) Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment at December 31, 2012 and 2011 consists of the following:

 

     2012     2011     Estimated
useful lives
 

Land

   $ 2,458      $ 2,458     

Buildings and improvements

     12,537        10,172        10 to 30 years   

Machinery and equipment

     89,089        75,231        3 to 15 years   

Office furniture, fixtures and equipment

     8,400        7,884        3 to 10 years   

Automotive equipment

     312        282        3 to 6 years   

Construction in progress

     3,363        2,504     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   
     116,159        98,531     

Less accumulated depreciation

     (70,458     (62,994  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   
   $ 45,701      $ 35,537     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

(2) Long-Term Debt

Long-term debt of the Company at December 31, 2012 and 2011 is summarized as follows:

 

     2012     2011  

Term loan, secured by personal property, payable in quarterly principal installments of $2,500 plus interest (2.21% as of December 31, 2012) through December 31, 2015 with remaining unpaid principal due January 10, 2016(a)

     46,000        54,000   

Notes payable on product acquisitions and asset purchases(b)

     6,443        12,377   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     52,443        66,377   

Less current installments

     (16,247     (14,460
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 36,196      $ 51,917   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Approximate principal payments on long-term debt at December 31, 2012 is as follows:

 

2013

   $ 16,247   

2014

     10,069   

2015

     10,072   

2016

     16,055   
  

 

 

 
   $ 52,443   
  

 

 

 

 

52


Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

(a) On January 10, 2011, the Company’s main operating subsidiary, AMVAC, as borrower, and affiliates (including the Company), as guarantors, entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) with a group of commercial lenders led by Bank of the West (AMVAC’s primary bank) as agent, swing line lender and letter of credit issuer. The Credit Agreement superseded the First Amendment to Credit Agreement (“First Amendment”) dated as of March 5, 2010, and more fully described in the Company’s Form 8-K filed on March 8, 2010. The Credit Agreement is a $137,000 senior secured lending facility consisting of a revolving line of credit of $75,000 and term loan commitments of $62,000. Also included in the facility is an additional accordion feature for up to $50,000. In connection with retiring the entire outstanding balance of the term loans and revolving credit facility (plus accrued interest) of the First Amendment upon termination thereof, on January 10, 2011, AMVAC borrowed $62,000 under the Credit Facility . These loans bear interest at a variable rate of interest based on LIBOR and the Eurodollar Reserve of the Federal Reserve (“Eurodollar Rate Loan”), or, at AMVAC’s option, a variable rate of interest based upon the prime rate, the Federal Funds rate, and LIBOR (“Alternative Base Rate Loan”). The principal payments of the term loans are payable (a) in equal quarterly installments on or before the last business day of each March, June, September and December (i) through 2012 in the amount of $2,000, and (ii) thereafter through December 2015 in the amount of $2,500, and (b) the remainder, if any, not later than January 10, 2016. Interest accruing on the Eurodollar Rate Loans is payable on the last day of the interest period, which may be one, three or six months, as per borrower’s election. Interest accruing on the Alternate Base Rate Loans is payable monthly, in arrears, on the last day of the month and on the maturity date of any such loan in the amount of interest then accrued but unpaid. Both the senior secured revolving line of credit and the term loans mature on January 10, 2016.

 

(b) Notes payable on product acquisitions and asset purchases, with one payment of $6,154 due on January 1, 2013; a single remaining term payment on an asset purchase in the amount of $26; a new asset purchase agreement with short term liabilities in the amount of $67.

The Company has four key covenants under the Credit Agreement (with which AMVAC was in compliance throughout the year and is in compliance as of December 31, 2012). The covenants are as follows: The Company must (1) maintain its borrowings below a certain consolidated funded debt ratio, (2) limit its annual spending on the acquisition of fixed asset capital additions, (3) maintain a certain consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio, and (4) maintain a certain modified current ratio.

At December 31, 2012 total indebtedness is $52,443 as compared to $66,377 at December 31, 2011. At December 31, 2012, based on its performance against the most restrictive covenants listed above, the Company has the capacity to increase its borrowings by up to the maximum limit of $75,000 under the Credit Agreement.

Substantially all of the Company’s assets are pledged as collateral under the Credit Agreement.

The Company’s main bank is Bank of the West, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the French bank, BNP Paribas. Bank of the West has been the Company’s bank for more than 30 years. Bank of the West is the syndication manager for the Company’s loans and acts as the counterparty on the Company’s derivative transactions.

 

53


Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

The Company has various loans in place that together constitute the short-term and long-term loan balances shown in the balance sheet at December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011. These are summarized in the following table:

 

Indebtedness

   December 31, 2012      December 31, 2011  

$000’s

   Long-term      Short-term      Total      Long-term      Short-term      Total  

Term loan

   $ 36,000       $ 10,000       $ 46,000       $ 46,000       $ 8,000       $ 54,000   

Notes payable on product acquisitions and asset purchases

     196         6,247         6,443         5,917         6,460         12,377   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total indebtedness

   $ 36,196       $ 16,247       $ 52,443       $ 51,917       $ 14,460       $ 66,377   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The average amount outstanding of the senior secured revolving line of credit during the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011 was $0 and $1,990. The weighted average interest rate on the revolving credit line during the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011 was 0.0% and 4.0% respectively.

(3) Income Taxes

The components of income tax expense are:

 

     2012     2011      2010  

Current:

       

Federal

   $ 17,448      $ 6,070       $ (615

State

     2,528        1,275         61   

Foreign

     1,027        535         402   

Deferred:

       

Federal

     (590     4,691         4,389   

State

     (387     584         953   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 20,026      $ 13,155       $ 5,190   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total income tax expense differed from the amounts computed by applying the U.S. Federal income tax rate of 35.0% to income before income tax expense as a result of the following:

 

     2012     2011     2010  

Computed tax expense at statutory federal rates

   $ 19,911      $ 12,328      $ 5,660   

Increase (decrease) in taxes resulting from:

      

State taxes, net of federal income tax benefit

     1,947        1,374        742   

Domestic production deduction

     (1,661     (826     (345

Income tax credits

     (395     (343     (315

Other expenses

     224        622        (552
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 20,026      $ 13,155      $ 5,190   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The components of income before provision for income taxes are as follows:

 

     2012      2011      2010  

Domestic

   $ 53,361       $ 33,399       $ 14,811   

Foreign

     3,491         1,824         1,363   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 56,852       $ 35,223       $ 16,174   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

54


Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

Temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts and tax bases of assets and liabilities that give rise to significant portions of the net deferred tax liability at December 31, 2012 and 2011 relate to the following:

 

     2012     2011  

Current:

    

Inventories

   $ 3,490      $ 2,681   

State income taxes

     (431     (413

Vacation pay accrual

     354        289   

Accrued bonuses

     2,289        1,445   

Bad debt

     192        78   

Prepaid expenses

     (1,490     (1,432

Other

     473        769   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net deferred tax asset

     4,877        3,417   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-Current:

    

Plant and equipment, principally due to differences in depreciation and capitalized interest

     (21,993     (20,653

NOL carryforward

            244   

Tax credit

     73        —     

Fair value adjustment

     460        564   

Other

     2,297        1,256   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net deferred tax liability

     (19,163     (18,589
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total net deferred tax liability

   $ (14,286   $ (15,172
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following is a roll-forward of the Company’s total gross unrecognized tax liabilities, not including interest and penalties, for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2012:

 

     Gross
Unrecognized Tax
Liabilities
 

Balance at December 31, 2011

   $ 227   

Additions for tax positions related to the current year

     29   

Additions for tax positions related to the prior year

     26   
  

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2012

   $ 282   
  

 

 

 

The Company recognizes accrued interest and penalties related to contingent tax liabilities in the provision for income taxes in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. As of December 31, 2012, the Company had approximately $20 in interest and penalties related to recognized tax benefits accrued.

It is expected that the amount of unrecognized tax benefits will change within the next 12 months; however we do not expect the change to have a significant impact on our consolidated statements of income or consolidated balance sheet. These changes may be the result of settlement of ongoing audits. At this time, an estimate of the range of the reasonable possible outcomes cannot be made.

The Company believes it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets detailed in the table above will be realized in the normal course of business. Undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries are considered to be indefinitely reinvested and, accordingly, no provision for United States federal and state income taxes has been provided thereon. Upon distribution of earnings in the form of dividends or otherwise, the Company would be subject to both United States income taxes (subject to adjustment for foreign tax credits) and withholding taxes payable to the various foreign countries. Determination of the unrecognized deferred United States income tax liability is not practical due to the complexities of a hypothetical calculation.

 

55


Table of Contents

AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARIES

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

The Company is subject to U.S. federal income tax as well as to income tax in multiple state jurisdictions. Federal income tax returns of the Company are subject to IRS examination for the 2009 through 2011 tax years. State income tax returns are subject to examination for the 2008 through 2011 tax years.

The Company is currently under audit by the Internal Revenue Service for the year ended December 31, 2009. The audit is in the final stage – Joint Committee Review – and the federal tax adjustments are immaterial at this time.

The Company’s research and development credit is currently under audit by the California Franchise Tax Board for the years ended December 31, 2004 through December 31, 2006. The case has been accepted into the settlement program by the Franchise Tax Board’s Settlement Bureau. Currently the Company believes that it has set up an adequate reserve on its claim for refund.

(4) Litigation and Environmental

A. DBCP Cases

Over the course of the past 30 years, AMVAC and/or the Company have been named or otherwise implicated in a number of lawsuits concerning injuries allegedly arising from either contamination of water supplies or personal exposure to 1, 2-dibromo-3-chloropropane (“DBCP”). DBCP was manufactured by several chemical companies, including Dow Chemical Company, Shell Oil Company and AMVAC and was approved by the USEPA to control nematodes. DBCP was also applied on banana farms in Latin America. The USEPA suspended registrations of DBCP in October 1979, except for use on pineapples in Hawaii. The USEPA suspension was partially based on 1977 studies by other manufacturers that indicated a possible link between male fertility and exposure to DBCP among their factory production workers involved with producing the product.

At present, there are approximately 100 lawsuits, foreign and domestic, filed by former banana workers in which AMVAC has been named as a party. Fifteen of these suits have been filed in the United States (with prayers for unspecified damages) and the remainder have been filed in Nicaragua. Three of these domestic suits were brought by citizens of Nicaragua, while the other domestic suits have been brought by citizens of other countries. These claims are all in various stages and allege injury from exposure to DBCP, including claims for sterility. Only two of the suits (Suazo and Castillo, indicated below) filed in Nicaragua have been served on AMVAC. It should be noted that Nicaraguan plaintiffs had not been able to obtain domestic enforcement of decisions rendered by Nicaraguan courts. The Eleventh Circuit recently upheld a U.S. District Court’s refusal to enforce a $97,000 Nicaraguan judgment rendered against certain US-based DBCP defendants finding, among other things, lack of international due process.

As described more fully below, activity in domestic cases during 2012 is as follows: in Hawaii, Patrickson, et. al. v. Dole Food Co., et. al which had been dismissed in 2011, remains on appeal; and Adams, from which co-defendant Dole was dismissed, is on appeal with respect to such dismissal and, at any rate, involves claims that pre-dated AMVAC’s sales into the relevant market. In Louisiana and Delaware, there has been much overlapping activity. Three actions filed in Louisiana state court (Soriano et al) in November 1999 have been dismissed due to expiration of the statute of limitations; similarly,

 

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seven cases filed by HendlerLaw, P.C. in U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana (Aguilar et al) have been dismissed for the same reason – no appeal has yet been taken in either venue. In Delaware, the Blanco case (involving a single Costa Rican claimant) has survived defendants’ motion to dismiss for expiration of the statute of limitations, the lower court finding that such statute was extended under the doctrine of cross jurisdictional tolling. However, the Delaware Supreme Court has accepted an appeal of this decision. Also, in Delaware, HendlerLaw, P.C. filed nine matters during 2012, eight with the U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware and one before the Delaware state court (Chaverri). Six of the federal matters were identical to claims then pending before the Louisiana courts and, upon defendants’ motion, were dismissed by the Delaware federal court. Two of the eight Delaware cases (Abad-Castillo and Marquinez) (involving claims brought on behalf of 2,700 plantation workers from Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala and Panama) remain pending and are the subject of motions to dismiss.

Delaware Matters

On or about July 21, 2011, an action encaptioned, Blanco v. AMVAC Chemical Corporation et al., was filed with the Superior Court of the State of Delaware in and for New Castle County (No. N11C-07-149 JOH) on behalf of an individual plaintiff, residing in Costa Rica, against several defendants, including, among others, AMVAC, The Dow Chemical Company, Occidental Chemical Corporation, and Dole Food Company. In the action, plaintiff claims personal injury (sterility) arising from the alleged exposure to DBCP between 1979 and 1980 while working as a contract laborer in a banana plantation in Costa Rica. Defendant Dow filed a motion to dismiss the action as being barred under the applicable statute of limitations, as this same plaintiff filed the same claim in Florida in 1995 and subsequently withdrew the matter. Plaintiff contends that the statute of limitations was tolled by a prior motion for class certification, which was denied. AMVAC contends that the plaintiff could not have been exposed to any DBCP supplied by AMVAC in Costa Rica. On August 8, 2012, the court denied Dow’s motion to dismiss based upon applicable statutes of limitation. In response to that denial, on August 20, 2012, defendants filed a motion for interlocutory appeal and, on September 18, 2012, the Delaware Supreme Court granted interlocutory appeal on the question of whether the State of Delaware will recognize cross jurisdictional tolling (that is, whether it is proper for a Delaware court to follow the class action tolling of another jurisdiction, in this case, Texas, rather than its own two year statute of limitations). Pending the ruling on appeal, the Blanco matter is stayed. It is expected that the Delaware Supreme Court will issue its ruling in 2013. Whatever the outcome on appeal, AMVAC intends to defend the matter vigorously. The Company does not believe that a loss is either probable or reasonably estimable and has not set up a loss contingency for the matter.

On or about May 31, 2012 (the day on which the trial court in—Blanco denied defendants’ motion to dismiss), HendlerLaw, P.C., which represents plaintiffs in seven related matters that had been pending before the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana (the “Hendler-Louisiana Cases” referred to in the Company’s Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2011 as Aguilar et al., v. Dole Fruit Company, Inc., et al (U.S.D.C., E.D. of LA No. CV-01305-CJB-SS)), filed nine separate actions, eight with the United States District Court for the District of Delaware (the “Hendler – Delaware Cases” (USCD DE No. 1:12-CV-00696-RGA)) and one with the Superior Court of the State of Delaware (which, for purposes of this filing shall be referred to as Chaverri et al. v. Dole Food Company, Inc. et al., case no. N12C-06-017-JOH). Amvac received these complaints by mail on or about July 21, 2012. Six of the eight Hendler – Delaware cases and Chaverri involve claims for personal injury allegedly arising from exposure to DBCP on behalf of 235 banana workers from Costa Rica, Ecuador and Panama. Dole subsequently brought a motion to dismiss these seven matters under the “first-to-file” theory of jurisdiction, specifically in light of the fact that they involved identical claims and claimants as those appearing in the Hendler – Louisiana cases. On August 21, 2012, the U.S. District Court in the Hendler-Delaware cases granted defendants’ motion to dismiss six complaints (filed on behalf of 235 plaintiffs) finding that the same claimants and claims were pending in the Hendler-Louisiana cases where they had been first filed. In October 2012, the federal district court in Louisiana granted defendant’s motion for summary judgment and dismissed the Hendler-Louisiana Cases for plaintiffs’ failure to bring the action within the applicable statute of limitations. Further, with the stay of proceedings in Blanco, the Chaverri action has also been stayed, pending a ruling from the Delaware Supreme Court (as previously described). With respect to the subject matter of Chaverri, at this stage of the proceedings, the Company does not believe that a loss is either probable or reasonably estimable and has not set up a loss contingency.

Two of the eight Hendler-Delaware Cases (namely, Abad-Castillo and Marquinez) are unrelated to the Hendler-Louisiana Cases and, involve claims for physical injury arising from alleged exposure to DBCP over the course of the late 1960’s through the mid-1980’s on behalf of 2,700 banana plantation workers from Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala and

 

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Panama. Defendants are investigating possible defenses to Abad-Castillo and Marquinez, including whether any of the claimants had appeared in prior actions that may have been settled or dismissed, what statutes of limitations may apply, and whether claimants used any of defendants’ products. Amvac intends to defend these matters vigorously Defendant Dole has brought a motion to dismiss 22 plaintiffs from the Abad-Castillo case on the ground that they were parties in the Hendler-Louisiana cases. In September 2012, plaintiffs responded to the motion to dismiss, arguing that, in fact, while 14 of the 22 claimants were parties in the Hendler-Louisiana cases, eight of them were not. With respect to the Marquinez matter, the company has filed an answer to the complaint. No discovery has commenced in either of these matters, and it is too early to predict whether a loss is either probable or reasonably estimable; accordingly, the company has not set up a loss contingency on either of these matters.

Hawaiian Matters

Patrickson, et. al. v. Dole Food Company, et. al

In October 1997, AMVAC was served with two complaints in which it was named as a defendant, filed in the Circuit Court, First Circuit, State of Hawaii and in the Circuit Court of the Second Circuit, State of Hawaii (two identical suits) entitled Patrickson, et. al. v. Dole Food Co., et. al (“Patrickson Case”) alleging damages sustained from injuries (including sterility) to banana workers caused by plaintiffs’ exposure to DBCP while applying the product in their native countries. Other named defendants include: Dole Food Company, Shell Oil Company and Dow Chemical Company. The ten named plaintiffs are variously citizens of four countries—Guatemala, Costa Rica, Panama, and Ecuador. Punitive damages are sought against each defendant. The case was also filed as a class action on behalf of other workers allegedly so exposed in these four countries.

After several years of law and motion activity, Dow filed a motion for summary adjudication as to the remaining plaintiffs based on the statute of limitations, as they had filed suit in Florida in 1995. All defendants joined in this motion. The court granted this motion on June 9, 2009. Plaintiffs’ counsel unsuccessfully argued that their claims were tolled by prior class action cases. On November 30, 2009, the court denied a motion for reconsideration. Judgment in favor of the defendants was entered on July 28, 2010. On August 24, 2010, the plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal, which is presently pending. In March 2011, Dow filed a brief in opposition to the appeal, arguing that plaintiffs are barred from this action by the applicable statute of limitations. Following the completion of briefing on April 8, 2011, counsel for plaintiffs filed a pleading to withdraw and to substitute new counsel. The court has not ruled on any of the pending motions, nor do the court rules require that the court rule by any particular date. The Company does not believe that a loss is either probable or reasonably estimable and, accordingly, has not set up a loss contingency for this matter.

Adams v. Dole Food Company, et al

On approximately November 23, 2007, AMVAC was served with a suit filed by two former Hawaiian pineapple workers and their spouses, alleging that they had testicular cancer due to DBCP exposure: Adams v. Dole Food Company, et al in the First Circuit for the State of Hawaii. The complaint was filed on June 29, 2007 and names Dole Food Company, Standard Fruit and Steamship Company, Dole Fresh Food, Pineapple Growers Association, AMVAC, Shell Oil Company, Dow Chemical Company and Occidental Chemical Corporation. Plaintiff Mark Adams alleges he was exposed to DBCP in 1974 and 1975 while working on Dole’s plantation on Oahu. Plaintiff Nelson Ng alleges he was exposed between 1971 and 1973 while working in Lanai City, Lanai. AMVAC answered the complaint on or about December 14, 2007. While little discovery has taken place, AMVAC denies that any of its product could have been used at the times and locations alleged by these plaintiffs. Dole Food Company was dismissed on the basis of the exclusive remedy of worker’s compensation benefits, as it was the employer of plaintiffs. However, pl