10-K 1 d642117d10k.htm 10-K 10-K
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

þ  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 29, 2013

Commission file number 0-9286

LOGO

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   56-0950585
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification Number)

4100 Coca-Cola Plaza, Charlotte, North Carolina 28211

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

(704) 557-4400

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class   Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $1.00 Par Value   The NASDAQ Global Select Market

Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes  ¨    No  þ

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes  ¨    No  þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  þ    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  þ    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  ¨            

  Accelerated filer  þ                       Non-accelerated filer   ¨                       Smaller reporting company   ¨
    (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes  ¨    No  þ

State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter.

 

     Market Value as of
June 28, 2013
 

Common Stock, $l.00 Par Value

   $ 284,846,362   

Class B Common Stock, $l.00 Par Value

     *   

 

* No market exists for the shares of Class B Common Stock, which is neither registered under Section 12 of the Act nor subject to Section 15(d) of the Act. The Class B Common Stock is convertible into Common Stock on a share-for-share basis at the option of the holder.

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Class

   Outstanding as of
February 28, 2014
 

Common Stock, $1.00 Par Value

     7,141,447   

Class B Common Stock, $1.00 Par Value

     2,108,962   

Documents Incorporated by Reference

 

Portions of Proxy Statement to be filed pursuant to Section 14 of the Exchange Act with respect to the 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders

     Part III, Items 10-14   

 

 

 


Table of Contents

Table of Contents

 

         Page  

Part I

  

Item 1.

  Business      1   

Item 1A.

  Risk Factors      12   

Item 1B.

  Unresolved Staff Comments      19   

Item 2.

  Properties      20   

Item 3.

  Legal Proceedings      22   

Item 4.

  Mine Safety Disclosures      22   
  Executive Officers of the Company      23   

Part II

  

Item 5.

  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities      25   

Item 6.

  Selected Financial Data      27   

Item 7.

  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      28   

Item 7A.

  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk      59   

Item 8.

  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data      60   

Item 9.

  Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure      109   

Item 9A.

  Controls and Procedures      109   

Item 9B.

  Other Information      109   

Part III

  

Item 10.

  Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance      110   

Item 11.

  Executive Compensation      110   

Item 12.

  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters      110   

Item 13.

  Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence      110   

Item 14.

  Principal Accountant Fees and Services      110   

Part IV

  

Item 15.

  Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules      111   
  Signatures      119   


Table of Contents

PART I

 

Item 1. Business

Introduction

Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated, a Delaware corporation (together with its majority-owned subsidiaries, the “Company”), produces, markets and distributes nonalcoholic beverages, primarily products of The Coca-Cola Company, Atlanta, Georgia (“The Coca-Cola Company”), which include some of the most recognized and popular beverage brands in the world. The Company, which was incorporated in 1980, and its predecessors have been in the nonalcoholic beverage manufacturing and distribution business since 1902. The Company is the largest independent Coca-Cola bottler in the United States.

As of December 29, 2013, The Coca-Cola Company had a 34.8% interest in the Company’s outstanding Common Stock, representing 5.0% of the total voting power of the Company’s Common Stock and Class B Common Stock voting together as a single class. The Coca-Cola Company does not own any shares of Class B Common Stock of the Company. J. Frank Harrison, III, the Company’s Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, currently owns or controls approximately 86% of the combined voting power of the Company’s outstanding Common Stock and Class B Common Stock.

General

Nonalcoholic beverage products can be broken down into two categories:

 

   

Sparkling beverages – beverages with carbonation, including energy drinks; and

 

   

Still beverages – beverages without carbonation, including bottled water, tea, ready-to-drink coffee, enhanced water, juices and sports drinks.

Sales of sparkling beverages were approximately 82%, 82% and 83% of total net sales for fiscal 2013 (“2013”), fiscal 2012 (“2012”) and fiscal 2011 (“2011”), respectively. Sales of still beverages were approximately 18%, 18% and 17% of total net sales for 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

The Company holds Cola Beverage Agreements and Allied Beverage Agreements under which it produces, distributes and markets, in certain regions, sparkling beverages of The Coca-Cola Company. The Company also holds Still Beverage Agreements under which it distributes and markets in certain regions still beverages of The Coca-Cola Company such as POWERade, vitaminwater and Minute Maid Juices To Go and produces, distributes and markets Dasani water products.

The Company holds agreements to produce, distribute and market Dr Pepper in some of its regions. The Company also distributes and markets various other products, including Monster Energy products and Sundrop, in one or more of the Company’s regions under agreements with the companies that hold and license the use of their trademarks for these beverages. In addition, the Company produces beverages for other Coca-Cola bottlers. In some instances, the Company distributes beverages without a written agreement.

The Company’s principal sparkling beverage is Coca-Cola. In each of the last three fiscal years, sales of products bearing the “Coca-Cola” or “Coke” trademark have accounted for more than half of the Company’s bottle/can volume to retail customers. In total, products of The Coca-Cola Company accounted for approximately 88% of the Company’s bottle/can volume to retail customers during 2013, 2012 and 2011.

The Company offers a range of flavors designed to meet the demands of the Company’s consumers. The main packaging materials for the Company’s beverages are plastic bottles and aluminum cans. In addition, the Company provides restaurants and other immediate consumption outlets with fountain products (“post-mix”). Fountain products are dispensed through equipment that mixes the fountain syrup with carbonated or still water, enabling fountain retailers to sell finished products to consumers in cups or glasses.

In recent years, the Company has developed and begun to market and distribute certain products which it owns. These products include Tum-E Yummies, a vitamin-C enhanced flavored drink and Fuel in a Bottle power

 

1


Table of Contents

shots. The Company markets and sells these products nationally. Coca-Cola Refreshments USA, Inc. (“CCR”), a wholly owned subsidiary of The Coca-Cola Company, distributes Tum-E Yummies nationally. Certain other Coca-Cola franchise bottlers are also distributing Tum-E Yummies.

The following table sets forth some of the Company’s most important products, including both products that The Coca-Cola Company and other beverage companies have licensed to the Company and products that the Company owns.

 

The Coca-Cola Company

         

Sparkling Beverages

(including Energy

Products)

  

Still Beverages

   Products Licensed
by Other Beverage
Companies
   Company Owned
Products

Coca-Cola

   glacéau smartwater    Dr Pepper    Tum-E Yummies

Diet Coke

   glacéau vitaminwater    Diet Dr Pepper    Fuel in a Bottle

Coca-Cola Zero

   Dasani    Sundrop   

Sprite

   Dasani Flavors    Monster Energy   

Fanta Flavors

   Powerade        products   

Sprite Zero

   Powerade Zero      

Mello Yello

   Minute Maid Adult      

Cherry Coke

       Refreshments      

Seagrams Ginger Ale

   Minute Maid Juices      

Cherry Coke Zero

       To Go      

Diet Coke Splenda®

   Nestea      

Fresca

   Gold Peak tea      

Pibb Xtra

   FUZE      

Barqs Root Beer

        

TAB

        

Full Throttle

        

NOS®

        

Proposed Expansion of Company’s Franchised Territory

The Company announced on April 16, 2013 that it had signed a non-binding letter of intent with The Coca-Cola Company to expand the Company’s franchise territory to include distribution rights in parts of Tennessee and Kentucky that include such major markets as Knoxville, Tennessee and Lexington and Louisville, Kentucky. CCR currently serves all of the proposed expanded territory.

The Company would acquire distribution rights in the expanded territory for brands owned by The Coca-Cola Company by entering into a sub-bottling arrangement with CCR requiring the Company to make ongoing payments to CCR. CCR would also transfer to the Company its rights to distribute the brands currently distributed by CCR in the proposed expanded territory that are not owned by The Coca-Cola Company. In addition to distribution rights, the Company would also acquire from CCR certain distribution assets and certain working capital associated with CCR’s operations in the expanded territory. The Company would not acquire any production assets from CCR and would not have production rights in the proposed expanded territory, but would enter into a product supply and such other agreements as may be necessary for the Company to serve the expanded territory. The consideration for the proposed transaction also involves the Company exchanging with CCR certain franchised territories the Company currently serves in western Tennessee for portions of the expanded territory.

This proposed transaction with The Coca-Cola Company remains subject to the parties reaching definitive agreements in the first quarter of 2014 with the transaction currently expected to be completed in a series of closings by the end of 2014 or early 2015 involving different parts of the expanded territory. The parties are continuing to negotiate the terms and conditions of definitive agreements and related documentation, however, and there is no assurance that the parties will enter into such agreements or that any of the anticipated closings will occur.

 

2


Table of Contents

Beverage Agreements

The Company holds contracts with The Coca-Cola Company which entitle the Company to produce, market and distribute in its exclusive territory The Coca-Cola Company’s nonalcoholic beverages in bottles, cans and five gallon pressurized pre-mix containers. The Company has similar arrangements with Dr Pepper Snapple Group, Inc. and other beverage companies.

Cola and Allied Beverage Agreements with The Coca-Cola Company.

The Company purchases concentrates from The Coca-Cola Company and produces, markets and distributes its principal sparkling beverages within its territories under two basic forms of beverage agreements with The Coca-Cola Company: (i) beverage agreements that cover sparkling beverages bearing the trademark “Coca-Cola” or “Coke” (the “Coca-Cola Trademark Beverages” and “Cola Beverage Agreements”), and (ii) beverage agreements that cover other sparkling beverages of The Coca-Cola Company (the “Allied Beverages” and “Allied Beverage Agreements”) (referred to collectively in this report as the “Cola and Allied Beverage Agreements”), although in some instances the Company distributes sparkling beverages without a written agreement. The Company is a party to Cola Beverage Agreements and Allied Beverage Agreements for various specified territories.

Cola Beverage Agreements with The Coca-Cola Company.

Exclusivity.    The Cola Beverage Agreements provide that the Company will purchase its entire requirements of concentrates or syrups for Coca-Cola Trademark Beverages from The Coca-Cola Company at prices, terms of payment, and other terms and conditions of supply determined from time-to-time by The Coca-Cola Company at its sole discretion. The Company may not produce, distribute, or handle cola products other than those of The Coca-Cola Company. The Company has the exclusive right to manufacture and distribute Coca-Cola Trademark Beverages for sale in authorized containers within its territories. The Coca-Cola Company may determine, at its sole discretion, what types of containers are authorized for use with products of The Coca-Cola Company. The Company may not sell Coca-Cola Trademark Beverages outside its territories.

Company Obligations.    The Company is obligated to:

 

   

maintain such plant and equipment, staff and distribution and vending facilities that are capable of manufacturing, packaging, and distributing Coca-Cola Trademark Beverages in accordance with the Cola Beverage Agreements and in sufficient quantities to satisfy fully the demand for these beverages in its territories;

 

   

undertake adequate quality control measures and maintain sanitation standards prescribed by The Coca-Cola Company;

 

   

develop, stimulate and satisfy fully the demand for Coca-Cola Trademark Beverages in its territories;

 

   

use all approved means and spend such funds on advertising and other forms of marketing as may be reasonably required to satisfy that objective; and

 

   

maintain such sound financial capacity as may be reasonably necessary to ensure its performance of its obligations to The Coca-Cola Company.

The Company is required to meet annually with The Coca-Cola Company to present its marketing, management, and advertising plans for the Coca-Cola Trademark Beverages for the upcoming year, including financial plans showing that the Company has the consolidated financial capacity to perform its duties and obligations to The Coca-Cola Company. The Coca-Cola Company may not unreasonably withhold approval of such plans. If the Company carries out its plans in all material respects, the Company will be deemed to have satisfied its obligations to develop, stimulate, and satisfy fully the demand for the Coca-Cola Trademark Beverages and to maintain the requisite financial capacity. Failure to carry out such plans in all material respects would constitute an event of default that if not cured within 120 days of written notice of the failure would give

 

3


Table of Contents

The Coca-Cola Company the right to terminate the Cola Beverage Agreements. If the Company, at any time, fails to carry out a plan in all material respects in any geographic segment of its territory, as defined by The Coca-Cola Company, and if such failure is not cured within six months of written notice of the failure, The Coca-Cola Company may reduce the territory covered by that Cola Beverage Agreement by eliminating the portion of the territory in which such failure has occurred.

The Coca-Cola Company has no obligation under the Cola Beverage Agreements to participate with the Company in expenditures for advertising and marketing. As it has in the past, The Coca-Cola Company may contribute to such expenditures and undertake independent advertising and marketing activities, as well as advertising and sales promotion programs which require mutual cooperation and financial support of the Company. The future levels of marketing funding support and promotional funds provided by The Coca-Cola Company may vary materially from the levels provided during the periods covered by the information included in this report.

Acquisition of Other Bottlers.    If the Company acquires control, directly or indirectly, of any bottler of Coca-Cola Trademark Beverages, or any party controlling a bottler of Coca-Cola Trademark Beverages, the Company must cause the acquired bottler to amend its agreement for the Coca-Cola Trademark Beverages to conform to the terms of the Cola Beverage Agreements.

Term and Termination.    The Cola Beverage Agreements are perpetual, but they are subject to termination by The Coca-Cola Company upon the occurrence of an event of default by the Company. Events of default with respect to each Cola Beverage Agreement include:

 

   

production, sale or ownership in any entity which produces or sells any cola product not authorized by The Coca-Cola Company or a cola product that might be confused with or is an imitation of the trade dress, trademark, tradename or authorized container of a cola product of The Coca-Cola Company;

 

   

insolvency, bankruptcy, dissolution, receivership, or the like;

 

   

any disposition by the Company of any voting securities of any bottling company subsidiary without the consent of The Coca-Cola Company; and

 

   

any material breach of any of its obligations under that Cola Beverage Agreement that remains unresolved for 120 days after written notice by The Coca-Cola Company.

If any Cola Beverage Agreement is terminated because of an event of default, The Coca-Cola Company has the right to terminate all other Cola Beverage Agreements the Company holds.

No Assignments.    The Company is prohibited from assigning, transferring or pledging its Cola Beverage Agreements or any interest therein, whether voluntarily or by operation of law, without the prior consent of The Coca-Cola Company.

Allied Beverage Agreements with The Coca-Cola Company.

The Allied Beverages are beverages of The Coca-Cola Company or its subsidiaries that are sparkling beverages, but not Coca-Cola Trademark Beverages. The Allied Beverage Agreements contain provisions that are similar to those of the Cola Beverage Agreements with respect to the sale of beverages outside its territories, authorized containers, planning, quality control, transfer restrictions, and related matters but have certain significant differences from the Cola Beverage Agreements.

Exclusivity.    Under the Allied Beverage Agreements, the Company has exclusive rights to distribute the Allied Beverages in authorized containers in specified territories. Like the Cola Beverage Agreements, the Company has advertising, marketing, and promotional obligations, but without restriction for most brands as to the marketing of products with similar flavors, as long as there is no manufacturing or handling of other products that would imitate, infringe upon, or cause confusion with, the products of The Coca-Cola Company. The Coca-Cola Company has the right to discontinue any or all Allied Beverages, and the Company has a right, but not an obligation, under the Allied Beverage Agreements to elect to market any new beverage introduced by The Coca-Cola Company under the trademarks covered by the respective Allied Beverage Agreements.

 

4


Table of Contents

Term and Termination.    Allied Beverage Agreements have a term of 10 years and are renewable by the Company for an additional 10 years at the end of each term. Renewal is at the Company’s option. The Company currently intends to renew substantially all of the Allied Beverage Agreements as they expire. The Allied Beverage Agreements are subject to termination in the event of default by the Company. The Coca-Cola Company may terminate an Allied Beverage Agreement in the event of:

 

   

insolvency, bankruptcy, dissolution, receivership, or the like;

 

   

termination of a Cola Beverage Agreement by either party for any reason; or

 

   

any material breach of any of the Company’s obligations under that Allied Beverage Agreement that remains unresolved for 120 days after required prior written notice by The Coca-Cola Company.

Supplementary Agreement Relating to Cola and Allied Beverage Agreements with The Coca-Cola Company.

The Company and The Coca-Cola Company are also parties to a Letter Agreement (the “Supplementary Agreement”) that modifies some of the provisions of the Cola and Allied Beverage Agreements. The Supplementary Agreement provides that The Coca-Cola Company will:

 

   

exercise good faith and fair dealing in its relationship with the Company under the Cola and Allied Beverage Agreements;

 

   

offer marketing funding support and exercise its rights under the Cola and Allied Beverage Agreements in a manner consistent with its dealings with comparable bottlers;

 

   

offer to the Company any written amendment to the Cola and Allied Beverage Agreements (except amendments dealing with transfer of ownership) which it offers to any other bottler in the United States; and

 

   

subject to certain limited exceptions, sell syrups and concentrates to the Company at prices no greater than those charged to other bottlers which are parties to contracts substantially similar to the Cola and Allied Beverage Agreements.

The Supplementary Agreement permits transfers of the Company’s capital stock that would otherwise be limited by the Cola and Allied Beverage Agreements.

Pricing of Coca-Cola Trademark Beverages and Allied Beverages.

Pursuant to the Cola and Allied Beverage Agreements, except as provided in the Supplementary Agreement and the Incidence Pricing Agreement (described below), The Coca-Cola Company establishes the prices charged to the Company for concentrates of Coca-Cola Trademark Beverages and Allied Beverages. The Coca-Cola Company has no rights under the beverage agreements to establish the resale prices at which the Company sells its products.

Since 2008, however, the Company has been purchasing concentrate from The Coca-Cola Company for all sparkling beverages for which the Company purchases concentrate from The Coca-Cola Company under an incidence-based pricing arrangement and has not purchased concentrates at standard concentrate prices as was the Company’s practice in prior years. During the two-year term of a new incidence-based pricing agreement that the Company entered into with The Coca-Cola Company in December 2013 that began January 1, 2014 and will end on December 31, 2015, the pricing of such concentrate will continue to be governed by the incidence-based pricing model rather than the other agreements that the Company has with The Coca-Cola Company. Under the incidence-based pricing model, the concentrate price The Coca-Cola Company charges is impacted by a number of factors, including the incidence rate in effect, the Company’s pricing and sales of finished products, the channels in which the finished products are sold and package mix.

Still Beverage Agreements with The Coca-Cola Company.

The Company purchases and distributes certain still beverages such as sports drinks and juice drinks from The Coca-Cola Company, or its designees or joint ventures, and produces, markets and distributes Dasani water

 

5


Table of Contents

products, pursuant to the terms of marketing and distribution agreements (the “Still Beverage Agreements”). In some instances the Company distributes certain still beverages without a written agreement. The Still Beverage Agreements contain provisions that are similar to the Cola and Allied Beverage Agreements with respect to authorized containers, planning, quality control, transfer restrictions, and related matters but have certain significant differences from the Cola and Allied Beverage Agreements.

Exclusivity.    Unlike the Cola and Allied Beverage Agreements, which grant the Company exclusivity in the distribution of the covered beverages in its territory, the Still Beverage Agreements grant exclusivity but permit The Coca-Cola Company to test-market the still beverage products in its territory, subject to the Company’s right of first refusal, and to sell the still beverages to commissaries for delivery to retail outlets in the territory where still beverages are consumed on-premises, such as restaurants. The Coca-Cola Company must pay the Company certain fees for lost volume, delivery, and taxes in the event of such commissary sales. Approved alternative route to market projects undertaken by the Company, The Coca-Cola Company, and other bottlers of Coca-Cola products would, in some instances, permit delivery of certain products of The Coca-Cola Company into the territories of almost all bottlers, in exchange for compensation in most circumstances, despite the terms of the beverage agreements making such territories exclusive. Also, under the Still Beverage Agreements, the Company may not sell other beverages in the same product category.

Pricing.    The Coca-Cola Company, at its sole discretion, establishes the prices the Company must pay for the still beverages or, in the case of Dasani, the concentrate or finished goods, but has agreed, under certain circumstances for some products, to give the benefit of more favorable pricing if such pricing is offered to other bottlers of Coca-Cola products.

Term.    Each of the Still Beverage Agreements has a term of 10 or 15 years and is renewable by the Company for an additional 10 years at the end of each term. The Company currently intends to renew substantially all of the Still Beverage Agreements as they expire.

Other Beverage Agreements with The Coca-Cola Company.

The Company has entered into a distribution agreement with Energy Brands, Inc. (“Energy Brands”), a wholly owned subsidiary of The Coca-Cola Company. Energy Brands, also known as glacéau, is a producer and distributor of branded enhanced water products including vitaminwater and smartwater. The agreement has a term of 10 years, and will automatically renew for succeeding 10-year terms, subject to a 12-month nonrenewal notification by the Company. The agreement covers most of the Company’s territories, requires the Company to distribute Energy Brands enhanced water products exclusively, and permits Energy Brands to distribute the products in some channels within the Company’s territories.

The Company also sells Coca-Cola and other post-mix products of The Coca-Cola Company on a non-exclusive basis. The Coca-Cola Company establishes the prices charged to the Company for post-mix products of The Coca-Cola Company. In addition, the Company produces some products for sale to other Coca-Cola bottlers and CCR. These sales have lower margins but allow the Company to achieve higher utilization of its production equipment and facilities.

The Company entered into an agreement with The Coca-Cola Company regarding brand innovation and distribution collaboration. Under the agreement, the Company grants The Coca-Cola Company the option to purchase any nonalcoholic beverage brands owned by the Company. The option is exercisable as to each brand at a formula-based price during the two-year period that begins after that brand has achieved a specified level of net operating revenue or, if earlier, beginning five years after the introduction of that brand into the market with a minimum level of net operating revenue, with the exception that with respect to brands owned at the date of the letter agreement, the five-year period does not begin earlier than the date of the letter agreement.

Beverage Agreements with Other Licensors.

The Company has beverage agreements with Dr Pepper Snapple Group, Inc. for Dr Pepper and Sundrop brands which are similar to those for the Cola and Allied Beverage Agreements. These beverage agreements are

 

6


Table of Contents

perpetual in nature but may be terminated by the Company upon 90 days notice. The price the beverage companies may charge for syrup or concentrate is set by the beverage companies from time to time. These beverage agreements also contain similar restrictions on the use of trademarks, approved bottles, cans and labels and sale of imitations or substitutes as well as termination for cause provisions. The Company also sells post-mix products of Dr Pepper Snapple Group, Inc.

The Company is distributing Monster brand energy drinks under a distribution agreement with Hansen Beverage Company, including Monster and Java Monster. The agreement contains provisions that are similar to the Cola and Allied Beverage Agreements with respect to pricing, promotion, planning, territory and trademark restrictions, transfer restrictions, and related matters as well as termination for cause provisions. The agreement has a 20 year term and will renew automatically. The agreement may be terminated without cause by either party. However, any such termination by Hansen Beverage Company requires compensation in the form of severance payments to the Company under the terms of the agreement.

The territories covered by beverage agreements with other licensors are not always aligned with the territories covered by the Cola and Allied Beverage Agreements but are generally within those territory boundaries. Sales of beverages by the Company under these other agreements represented approximately 12% of the Company’s bottle/can volume to retail customers for 2013, 2012 and 2011.

Markets and Production and Distribution Facilities

The Company currently holds bottling rights from The Coca-Cola Company covering the majority of North Carolina, South Carolina and West Virginia, and portions of Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Georgia and Florida. The total population within the Company’s bottling territory is 20.6 million.

The Company currently operates in seven principal geographic markets. Certain information regarding each of these markets follows:

1. North Carolina. This region includes the majority of North Carolina, including Raleigh, Greensboro, Winston-Salem, High Point, Hickory, Asheville, Fayetteville, Wilmington, Charlotte and the surrounding areas. The region has a population of 9.3 million. A production/distribution facility is located in Charlotte and 12 sales distribution facilities are located in the region.

2. South Carolina. This region includes the majority of South Carolina, including Charleston, Columbia, Greenville, Myrtle Beach and the surrounding areas. The region has a population of 3.8 million. There are 6 sales distribution facilities in the region.

3. South Alabama. This region includes a portion of southwestern Alabama, including Mobile and surrounding areas, and a portion of southeastern Mississippi. The region has a population of 1.0 million. A production/distribution facility is located in Mobile and 4 sales distribution facilities are located in the region.

4. South Georgia. This region includes a small portion of eastern Alabama, a portion of southwestern Georgia including Columbus and surrounding areas and a portion of the Florida Panhandle. This region has a population of 1.1 million. There are 4 sales distribution facilities located in the region.

5. Middle Tennessee. This region includes a portion of central Tennessee, including Nashville and surrounding areas, a small portion of southern Kentucky and a small portion of northwest Alabama. The region has a population of 2.4 million. A production/distribution facility is located in Nashville and 3 sales distribution facilities are located in the region.

6. Western Virginia. This region includes most of southwestern Virginia, including Roanoke and surrounding areas, a portion of the southern piedmont of Virginia, a portion of northeastern Tennessee and a portion of southeastern West Virginia. The region has a population of 1.6 million. A production/distribution facility is located in Roanoke and 4 sales distribution facilities are located in the region.

 

7


Table of Contents

7. West Virginia. This region includes most of the state of West Virginia and a portion of southwestern Pennsylvania. The region has a population of 1.4 million. There are 8 sales distribution facilities located in the region.

The Company is a member of South Atlantic Canners, Inc. (“SAC”), a manufacturing cooperative located in Bishopville, South Carolina. All eight members of SAC are Coca-Cola bottlers and each member has equal voting rights. The Company receives a fee for managing the day-to-day operations of SAC pursuant to a management agreement. Management fees earned from SAC were $1.6 million, $1.5 million and $1.6 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. SAC’s bottling lines supply a portion of the Company’s volume requirements for finished products. The Company has a commitment with SAC that requires minimum annual purchases of 17.5 million cases of finished products through May 2014. Purchases from SAC by the Company for finished products were $137 million, $141 million and $134 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively, or 26.2 million cases, 27.5 million cases and 26.2 million cases of finished product, respectively.

Raw Materials

In addition to concentrates obtained from The Coca-Cola Company and other beverage companies for use in its beverage manufacturing, the Company also purchases sweetener, carbon dioxide, plastic bottles, cans, closures and other packaging materials as well as equipment for the production, distribution and marketing of nonalcoholic beverages.

The Company purchases substantially all of its plastic bottles (12-ounce, 16-ounce, 20-ounce, 24-ounce, half-liter, 1-liter, 1.25-liter, 2-liter and 300 ml sizes) from manufacturing plants owned and operated by Southeastern Container and Western Container, two entities owned by various Coca-Cola bottlers including the Company. The Company currently obtains all of its aluminum cans (7.5-ounce, 12-ounce and 16-ounce sizes) from two domestic suppliers.

None of the materials or supplies used by the Company are currently in short supply, although the supply of specific materials (including plastic bottles, which are formulated using petroleum-based products) could be adversely affected by strikes, weather conditions, governmental controls or international or domestic geopolitical or other events affecting or threatening to affect the supply of petroleum.

Along with all the other Coca-Cola bottlers in the United States, the Company is a member in Coca-Cola Bottlers’ Sales and Services Company, LLC (“CCBSS”), which was formed in 2003 for the purposes of facilitating various procurement functions and distributing certain specified beverage products of The Coca-Cola Company with the intention of enhancing the efficiency and competitiveness of the Coca-Cola bottling system in the United States. CCBSS has negotiated the procurement for the majority of the Company’s raw materials (excluding concentrate) since 2004.

The Company is exposed to price risk on commodities such as aluminum, corn, PET resin (a petroleum-based product) and fuel which affects the cost of raw materials used in the production of finished products. The Company both produces and procures these finished products. Examples of the raw materials affected are aluminum cans and plastic bottles used for packaging and high fructose corn syrup used as a product ingredient. Further, the Company is exposed to commodity price risk on oil which impacts the Company’s cost of fuel used in the movement and delivery of the Company’s products. The Company participates in commodity hedging and risk mitigation programs administered both by CCBSS and by the Company itself. In addition, there is no limit on the price The Coca-Cola Company and other beverage companies can charge for concentrate, although, under the Incidence Pricing Agreement, The Coca-Cola Company must give the Company at least 90 days written notice of a pricing change.

Customers and Marketing

The Company’s products are sold and distributed directly to retail stores and other outlets, including food markets, institutional accounts and vending machine outlets. During 2013, approximately 68% of the Company’s bottle/can volume to retail customers was sold for future consumption. The remaining bottle/can volume to retail

 

8


Table of Contents

customers of approximately 32% was sold for immediate consumption, primarily through dispensing machines owned either by the Company, retail outlets or third party vending companies. The Company’s largest customer, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., accounted for approximately 21% of the Company’s total bottle/can volume to retail customers and the second largest customer, Food Lion, LLC, accounted for approximately 8% of the Company’s total bottle/can volume to retail customers. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. and Food Lion, LLC accounted for approximately 15% and 6% of the Company’s total net sales, respectively. The loss of either Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. or Food Lion, LLC as customers would have a material adverse effect on the Company. All of the Company’s beverage sales are to customers in the United States.

New product introductions, packaging changes and sales promotions have been the primary sales and marketing practices in the nonalcoholic beverage industry in recent years and have required and are expected to continue to require substantial expenditures. Brand introductions from The Coca-Cola Company in recent years include Coca-Cola Zero, Dasani flavors, Full Throttle and Gold Peak tea products. In 2007, the Company began distribution of one of its own products, Tum-E Yummies. In 2011, the Company began distribution of Fuel in a Bottle Energy Shot and Fuel in a Bottle Protein Shot. In addition, the Company also began distribution of NOS® products (energy drinks from FUZE, a subsidiary of The Coca-Cola Company) and juice products from FUZE. In the fourth quarter of 2007, the Company began distribution of glacéau products, a wholly-owned subsidiary of The Coca-Cola Company that produces branded enhanced beverages including vitaminwater and smartwater. The Company entered into a distribution agreement in October 2008 with subsidiaries of Hansen Natural Corporation, the developer, marketer, seller and distributor of Monster Energy drinks, the leading volume brand in the U.S. energy drink category. Under this agreement, the Company began distributing Monster Energy drinks in certain of the Company’s territories in November 2008. New packaging introductions include the 1.25-liter bottle in 2011, the 7.5-ounce sleek can during 2010, the 2-liter contour bottle for Coca-Cola products during 2009 and the 20-ounce “grip” bottle during 2007. During 2008, the Company tested the 16-ounce bottle/24-ounce bottle package in select convenience stores and introduced it companywide in 2009. New product and packaging introductions have resulted in increased operating costs for the Company due to special marketing efforts, obsolescence of replaced items and, in some cases, higher raw material costs.

The Company sells its products primarily in nonrefillable bottles and cans, in varying proportions from market to market. For example, there may be as many as 24 different packages for Diet Coke within a single geographic area. Bottle/can volume to retail customers during 2013 was approximately 45% cans, 54% bottles and 1% other containers.

Advertising in various media, primarily television and radio, is relied upon extensively in the marketing of the Company’s products. The Coca-Cola Company and Dr Pepper Snapple Group, Inc. (the “Beverage Companies”) make substantial expenditures on advertising in the Company’s territories. The Company has also benefited from national advertising programs conducted by the Beverage Companies. In addition, the Company expends substantial funds on its own behalf for extensive local sales promotions of the Company’s products. Historically, these expenses have been partially offset by marketing funding support which the Beverage Companies provide to the Company in support of a variety of marketing programs, such as point-of-sale displays and merchandising programs. However, the Beverage Companies are under no obligation to provide the Company with marketing funding support in the future.

The substantial outlays which the Company makes for marketing and merchandising programs are generally regarded as necessary to maintain or increase revenue, and any significant curtailment of marketing funding support provided by the Beverage Companies for marketing programs which benefit the Company could have a material adverse effect on the operating and financial results of the Company.

Seasonality

Sales of the Company’s products are seasonal with the highest sales volume occurring in May, June, July and August. The Company has adequate production capacity to meet sales demand for sparkling and still beverages during these peak periods. See “Item 2. Properties” for information relating to utilization of the Company’s production facilities. Sales volume can be impacted by weather conditions.

 

9


Table of Contents

Competition

The nonalcoholic beverage market is highly competitive. The Company’s competitors include bottlers and distributors of nationally advertised and marketed products, regionally advertised and marketed products, as well as bottlers and distributors of private label beverages in supermarket stores. The sparkling beverage market (including energy products) comprised 81% of the Company’s bottle/can volume to retail customers in 2013. In each region in which the Company operates, between 85% and 95% of sparkling beverage sales in bottles, cans and other containers are accounted for by the Company and its principal competitors, which in each region includes the local bottler of Pepsi-Cola and, in some regions, the local bottler of Dr Pepper, Royal Crown and/or 7-Up products.

The principal methods of competition in the nonalcoholic beverage industry are point-of-sale merchandising, new product introductions, new vending and dispensing equipment, packaging changes, pricing, price promotions, product quality, retail space management, customer service, frequency of distribution and advertising. The Company believes it is competitive in its territories with respect to these methods of competition.

Government Regulation

The production and marketing of beverages are subject to the rules and regulations of the United States Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) and other federal, state and local health agencies. The FDA also regulates the labeling of containers. In February 2013, health advocates and public health officials from major cities in the United States submitted a petition requesting the FDA to regulate the amount of caloric sweeteners in sparkling and other beverages. The FDA has not responded to the petition, but the FDA is expected to propose in March 2014 new rules that would result in major changes to nutrition labels on all food packages, including the packaging for the Company’s products, that will, among other things, require those labels to display caloric counts in large type, reflect larger portion sizes and display on a separate line on the label the amount of sugars that are added to the product. If these proposed rules are adopted by the FDA following the comment period, the Company expects to have up to two years to put the required labeling changes into effect on the packaging for the products it manufactures and distributes.

As a manufacturer, distributor and seller of beverage products of The Coca-Cola Company and other soft drink manufacturers in exclusive territories, the Company is subject to antitrust laws of general applicability. However, pursuant to the United States Soft Drink Interbrand Competition Act, soft drink bottlers such as the Company may have an exclusive right to manufacture, distribute and sell a soft drink product in a defined geographic territory if that soft drink product is in substantial and effective competition with other products of the same general class in the market. The Company believes such competition exists in each of the exclusive geographic territories in the United States in which the Company operates.

From time to time, legislation has been proposed in Congress and by certain state and local governments which would prohibit the sale of soft drink products in nonrefillable bottles and cans or require a mandatory deposit as a means of encouraging the return of such containers in an attempt to reduce solid waste and litter. The Company is currently not impacted by this type of proposed legislation.

Soft drink and similar-type taxes have been in place in West Virginia and Tennessee for several years. Proposals have been introduced by members of Congress and certain state governments that would impose excise and other special taxes on certain beverages that the Company sells. The Company cannot predict whether any such legislation will be enacted.

Some states and localities have also proposed barring the use of food stamps by recipients in their jurisdictions to purchase some of the products the Company manufactures. The United States Department of Agriculture rejected such a proposal by a major American city as recently as 2011.

The Company has experienced public policy challenges regarding the sale of soft drinks in schools, particularly elementary, middle and high schools. At December 29, 2013, a number of states had regulations

 

10


Table of Contents

restricting the sale of soft drinks and other foods in schools. Many of these restrictions have existed for several years in connection with subsidized meal programs in schools. The focus has more recently turned to the growing health, nutrition and obesity concerns of today’s youth. Restrictive legislation, if widely enacted, could have an adverse impact on the Company’s products, image and reputation.

The Company is subject to audit by taxing authorities in jurisdictions where it conducts business. These audits may result in assessments that are subsequently resolved with the authorities or potentially through the courts. Management believes the Company has adequately provided for any assessments that are likely to result from these audits; however, final assessments, if any, could be different than the amounts recorded in the consolidated financial statements.

Environmental Remediation

The Company does not currently have any material capital expenditure commitments for environmental compliance or environmental remediation for any of its properties. The Company does not believe compliance with federal, state and local provisions that have been enacted or adopted regarding the discharge of materials into the environment, or otherwise relating to the protection of the environment, will have a material effect on its capital expenditures, earnings or competitive position.

Employees

As of February 1, 2014, the Company had approximately 5,000 full-time employees, of whom approximately 425 were union members. The total number of employees, including part-time employees, was approximately 6,700. Approximately 6.5% of the Company’s labor force is covered by collective bargaining agreements. Two collective bargaining agreements covering approximately .7% of the Company’s employees expired during 2013 and the Company entered into new agreements in 2013. Two collective bargaining agreements covering approximately 5% of the Company’s employees will expire during 2014.

Exchange Act Reports

The Company makes available free of charge through the Company’s Internet website, www.cokeconsolidated.com, the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and all amendments to those reports as soon as reasonably practicable after such materials are electronically filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The SEC maintains an Internet website, www.sec.gov, which contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information filed electronically with the SEC. Any materials that the Company files with the SEC may also be read and copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room, 100 F Street, N.E., Room 1580, Washington, D. C. 20549.

Information on the operations of the Public Reference Room is available by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The information provided on the Company’s website is not part of this report and is not incorporated herein by reference.

 

11


Table of Contents
Item 1A. Risk Factors

In addition to other information in this Form 10-K, the following risk factors should be considered carefully in evaluating the Company’s business. The Company’s business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially and adversely affected by any of these risks.

The Company may not be able to respond successfully to changes in the marketplace.

The Company operates in the highly competitive nonalcoholic beverage industry and faces strong competition from other general and specialty beverage companies. The Company’s response to continued and increased customer and competitor consolidations and marketplace competition may result in lower than expected net pricing of the Company’s products. The Company’s ability to gain or maintain the Company’s share of sales or gross margins may be limited by the actions of the Company’s competitors, which may have advantages in setting their prices due to lower raw material costs. Competitive pressures in the markets in which the Company operates may cause channel and product mix to shift away from more profitable channels and packages. If the Company is unable to maintain or increase volume in higher-margin products and in packages sold through higher-margin channels (e.g., immediate consumption), pricing and gross margins could be adversely affected. The Company’s efforts to improve pricing may result in lower than expected sales volume.

Changes in how significant customers market or promote the Company’s products could reduce revenue.

The Company’s revenue is affected by how significant customers market or promote the Company’s products. Revenue has been negatively impacted by less aggressive price promotion by some retailers in the future consumption channels over the past several years. If the Company’s significant customers change the manner in which they market or promote the Company’s products, the Company’s revenue and profitability could be adversely impacted.

Changes in the Company’s top customer relationships could impact revenues and profitability.

The Company is exposed to risks resulting from several large customers that account for a significant portion of its bottle/can volume and revenue. The Company’s two largest customers accounted for approximately 29% of the Company’s 2013 bottle/can volume to retail customers and approximately 21% of the Company’s total net sales. The loss of one or both of these customers could adversely affect the Company’s results of operations. These customers typically make purchase decisions based on a combination of price, product quality, consumer demand and customer service performance and generally do not enter into long-term contracts. In addition, these significant customers may re-evaluate or refine their business practices related to inventories, product displays, logistics or other aspects of the customer-supplier relationship. The Company’s results of operations could be adversely affected if revenue from one or more of these customers is significantly reduced or if the cost of complying with these customers’ demands is significant. If receivables from one or more of these customers become uncollectible, the Company’s results of operations may be adversely impacted.

Changes in public and consumer preferences related to nonalcoholic beverages could reduce demand for the Company’s products and reduce profitability.

The Company’s business depends substantially on consumer tastes and preferences that change in often unpredictable ways. The success of the Company’s business depends in large measure on working with the Beverage Companies to meet the changing preferences of the broad consumer market. Health and wellness trends throughout the marketplace have resulted in a shift from sugar sparkling beverages to diet sparkling beverages, tea, sports drinks, enhanced water and bottled water over the past several years. Failure to satisfy changing consumer preferences, particularly those of young people, could adversely affect the profitability of the Company’s business.

The Company’s sales can be impacted by the health and stability of the general economy.

Unfavorable changes in general economic conditions, such as a recession or economic slowdown in the geographic markets in which the Company does business, may have the temporary effect of reducing the demand

 

12


Table of Contents

for certain of the Company’s products. For example, economic forces may cause consumers to shift away from purchasing higher-margin products and packages sold through immediate consumption and other highly profitable channels. Adverse economic conditions could also increase the likelihood of customer delinquencies and bankruptcies, which would increase the risk of uncollectibility of certain accounts. Each of these factors could adversely affect the Company’s revenue, price realization, gross margins and overall financial condition and operating results.

Miscalculation of the Company’s need for infrastructure investment could impact the Company’s financial results.

Projected requirements of the Company’s infrastructure investments may differ from actual levels if the Company’s volume growth is not as the Company anticipates. The Company’s infrastructure investments are generally long-term in nature; therefore, it is possible that investments made today may not generate the returns expected by the Company due to future changes in the marketplace. Significant changes from the Company’s expected returns on cold drink equipment, fleet, technology and supply chain infrastructure investments could adversely affect the Company’s consolidated financial results.

The Company’s inability to meet requirements under its beverage agreements could result in the loss of distribution rights.

Approximately 88% of the Company’s bottle/can volume to retail customers in 2013 consisted of products of The Coca-Cola Company, which is the sole supplier of these products or of the concentrates or syrups required to manufacture these products. The remaining 12% of the Company’s bottle/can volume to retail customers in 2013 consisted of products of other beverage companies and the Company’s own products. The Company must satisfy various requirements under its beverage agreements. Failure to satisfy these requirements could result in the loss of distribution rights for the respective products.

Material changes in, or the Company’s inability to satisfy, the performance requirements for marketing funding support, or decreases from historic levels of marketing funding support, could reduce the Company’s profitability.

Material changes in the performance requirements, or decreases in the levels of marketing funding support historically provided, under marketing programs with The Coca-Cola Company and other beverage companies, or the Company’s inability to meet the performance requirements for the anticipated levels of such marketing funding support payments, could adversely affect the Company’s profitability. The Coca-Cola Company and other beverage companies are under no obligation to continue marketing funding support at historic levels.

Changes in The Coca-Cola Company’s and other beverage companies’ levels of advertising, marketing spending and product innovation could reduce the Company’s sales volume.

The Coca-Cola Company’s and other beverage companies’ levels of advertising, marketing spending and product innovation directly impact the Company’s operations. While the Company does not believe there will be significant changes in the levels of marketing and advertising by the Beverage Companies, there can be no assurance that historic levels will continue. The Company’s volume growth will also continue to be dependent on product innovation by the Beverage Companies, especially The Coca-Cola Company. Decreases in marketing, advertising and product innovation by the Beverage Companies could adversely impact the profitability of the Company.

The inability of the Company’s aluminum can or plastic bottle suppliers to meet the Company’s purchase requirements could reduce the Company’s profitability.

The Company currently obtains all of its aluminum cans from two domestic suppliers and all of its plastic bottles from two domestic cooperatives. The inability of these aluminum can or plastic bottle suppliers to meet the Company’s requirements for containers could result in short-term shortages until alternative sources of

 

13


Table of Contents

supply can be located. The Company attempts to mitigate these risks by working closely with key suppliers and by purchasing business interruption insurance where appropriate. Failure of the aluminum can or plastic bottle suppliers to meet the Company’s purchase requirements could reduce the Company’s profitability.

The inability of the Company to offset higher raw material costs with higher selling prices, increased bottle/can volume or reduced expenses could have an adverse impact on the Company’s profitability.

Raw material costs, including the costs for plastic bottles, aluminum cans and high fructose corn syrup, have been subject to significant price volatility and have increased in recent years at faster rates than the general rate of inflation. In addition, there are no limits on the prices The Coca-Cola Company and other beverage companies can charge for concentrate. If the Company cannot offset higher raw material costs with higher selling prices, increased sales volume or reductions in other costs, the Company’s profitability could be adversely affected.

The consolidation among suppliers of certain of the Company’s raw materials could have an adverse impact on the Company’s profitability.

In recent years, there has been consolidation among suppliers of certain of the Company’s raw materials. The reduction in the number of competitive sources of supply could have an adverse effect upon the Company’s ability to negotiate the lowest costs and, in light of the Company’s relatively small in-plant raw material inventory levels, has the potential for causing interruptions in the Company’s supply of raw materials.

The increasing reliance on purchased finished goods from external sources makes the Company subject to incremental risks that could have an adverse impact on the Company’s profitability.

With the introduction of FUZE and glacéau products into the Company’s portfolio during 2007 and Monster Energy products during 2008, the Company has become increasingly reliant on purchased finished goods from external sources versus the Company’s internal production. As a result, the Company is subject to incremental risk including, but not limited to, product availability, price variability, product quality and production capacity shortfalls for externally purchased finished goods.

Sustained increases in fuel prices or the inability of the Company to secure adequate supplies of fuel could have an adverse impact on the Company’s profitability.

The Company uses significant amounts of fuel in the distribution of its products. International or domestic geopolitical or other events could impact the supply and cost of fuel and could impact the timely delivery of the Company’s products to its customers. While the Company is working to reduce fuel consumption and manage the Company’s fuel costs, there can be no assurance that the Company will succeed in limiting the impact on the Company’s business or future cost increases. The Company may use derivative instruments to hedge some or all of the Company’s projected diesel fuel and unleaded gasoline purchases. These derivative instruments relate to fuel used in the Company’s delivery fleet and other vehicles. Continued upward pressure in these costs could reduce the profitability of the Company’s operations.

Sustained increases in workers’ compensation, employment practices and vehicle accident claims costs could reduce the Company’s profitability.

The Company uses various insurance structures to manage its workers’ compensation, auto liability, medical and other insurable risks. These structures consist of retentions, deductibles, limits and a diverse group of insurers that serve to strategically transfer and mitigate the financial impact of losses. The Company uses commercial insurance for claims as a risk reduction strategy to minimize catastrophic losses. Losses are accrued using assumptions and procedures followed in the insurance industry, adjusted for company-specific history and expectations. Although the Company has actively sought to control increases in these costs, there can be no assurance that the Company will succeed in limiting future cost increases. Continued upward pressure in these costs could reduce the profitability of the Company’s operations.

 

14


Table of Contents

Sustained increases in the cost of employee benefits could reduce the Company’s profitability.

The Company’s profitability is substantially affected by the cost of pension retirement benefits, postretirement medical benefits and current employees’ medical benefits. In recent years, the Company has experienced significant increases in these costs as a result of macro-economic factors beyond the Company’s control, including increases in health care costs, declines in investment returns on pension assets and changes in discount rates used to calculate pension and related liabilities. Although the Company has actively sought to control increases in these costs, there can be no assurance the Company will succeed in limiting future cost increases, and continued upward pressure in these costs could reduce the profitability of the Company’s operations.

In 2013, the Company announced a limited Lump Sum Window distribution of present valued pension benefits to terminated plan participants meeting certain criteria. Based upon the number of plan participants electing to take the lump-sum distribution and the total amount of such distributions, the Company incurred a noncash charge of $12.0 million in 2013. The reduction in the number of plan participants and the reduction of plan assets will reduce the cost of administering the pension plan in the future.

Product safety and quality concerns, including concerns related to perceived artificiality of ingredients, could negatively affect the Company’s business.

The Company’s success depends in large part on its ability to maintain consumer confidence in the safety and quality of all its products. The Company has rigorous product safety and quality standards. However, if beverage products taken to market are or become contaminated or adulterated, the Company may be required to conduct costly product recalls and may become subject to product liability claims and negative publicity, which would cause its business to suffer. In addition, regulatory actions, activities by nongovernmental organizations and public debate and concerns about perceived negative safety and quality consequences of certain ingredients in the Company’s products, such as non-nutritive sweeteners, may erode consumers’ confidence in the safety and quality issues, whether or not justified, could result in additional governmental regulations concerning the marketing and labeling of the Company’s products, negative publicity, or actual or threatened legal actions, all of which could damage the reputation of the Company’s products and may reduce demand for the Company’s products.

Cybersecurity risks - technology failures or cyberattacks on the Company’s systems could disrupt the Company’s operations and negatively impact the Company’s business.

The Company increasingly relies on information technology systems to process, transmit and store electronic information. For example, the Company’s production and distribution facilities, inventory management and driver handheld devices all utilize information technology to maximize efficiencies and minimize costs. Furthermore, a significant portion of the communication between personnel, customers and suppliers depends on information technology. Like most companies, the Company’s information technology systems may be vulnerable to interruption due to a variety of events beyond the Company’s control, including, but not limited to, natural disasters, terrorist attacks, telecommunications failures, computer viruses, hackers and other security issues. The Company has technology security initiatives and disaster recovery plans in place to mitigate the Company’s risk to these vulnerabilities, but these measures may not be adequate or implemented properly to ensure that the Company’s operations are not disrupted.

Changes in interest rates could adversely affect the profitability of the Company.

As of December 29, 2013, $25.0 million of the Company’s debt and capital lease obligations of $463.6 million were subject to changes in short-term interest rates. The Company’s $200 million revolving credit facility and $20 million uncommitted line of credit are subject to changes in short-term interest rates. On December 29, 2013, the Company had $5.0 million of outstanding borrowings on the $200 million revolving credit facility and $20.0 million of outstanding borrowing on the $20 million uncommitted line of credit. If interest rates increase in the future, it could increase the Company’s borrowing cost and it could reduce the Company’s overall

 

15


Table of Contents

profitability. The Company’s pension and postretirement medical benefits costs are also subject to changes in interest rates. A decline in interest rates used to discount the Company’s pension and postretirement medical liabilities could increase the cost of these benefits and increase the overall liability.

The level of the Company’s debt could restrict the Company’s operating flexibility and limit the Company’s ability to incur additional debt to fund future needs.

As of December 29, 2013, the Company had $463.6 million of debt and capital lease obligations. The Company’s level of debt requires the Company to dedicate a substantial portion of the Company’s future cash flows from operations to the payment of principal and interest, thereby reducing the funds available to the Company for other purposes. The Company’s debt can negatively impact the Company’s operations by (1) limiting the Company’s ability and/or increasing the cost to obtain funding for working capital, capital expenditures and other general corporate purposes; (2) increasing the Company’s vulnerability to economic downturns and adverse industry conditions by limiting the Company’s ability to react to changing economic and business conditions; and (3) exposing the Company to a risk that a significant decrease in cash flows from operations could make it difficult for the Company to meet the Company’s debt service requirements.

The Company’s credit ratings could be negatively impacted by changes to The Coca-Cola Company’s credit ratings.

The Company’s credit ratings could be significantly impacted by capital management activities of The Coca-Cola Company and/or changes in the credit ratings of The Coca-Cola Company. A lower credit rating could significantly increase the Company’s interest costs or could have an adverse effect on the Company’s ability to obtain additional financing at acceptable interest rates or to refinance existing debt.

Changes in legal contingencies could adversely impact the Company’s future profitability.

Changes from expectations for the resolution of outstanding legal claims and assessments could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s profitability and financial condition. In addition, the Company’s failure to abide by laws, orders or other legal commitments could subject the Company to fines, penalties or other damages.

Legislative changes that affect the Company’s distribution, packaging and products could reduce demand for the Company’s products or increase the Company’s costs.

The Company’s business model is dependent on the availability of the Company’s various products and packages in multiple channels and locations to better satisfy the needs of the Company’s customers and consumers. Laws that restrict the Company’s ability to distribute products in schools and other venues, as well as laws that require deposits for certain types of packages or those that limit the Company’s ability to design new packages or market certain packages, could negatively impact the financial results of the Company.

In addition, excise or other taxes imposed on the sale of certain of the Company’s products by the federal government and certain state and local governments could cause consumers to shift away from purchasing products of the Company. If enacted, such taxes could materially affect the Company’s business and financial results, particularly if they were enacted in a form that incorporated them into the shelf prices for the Company’s products.

Significant additional labeling or warning requirements may inhibit sales of affected products.

The FDA is expected to propose in 2014 major changes to nutrition labels on all food packages, including those for the Company’s products. Various other jurisdictions may seek to adopt significant additional product labeling or warning requirements relating to the content or perceived adverse health consequences of certain of the Company’s products. If the FDA nutrition label proposed or any of these other types of requirements become applicable to one or more of the Company’s major products under current or future environmental or health laws or regulations, they may inhibit sales of such products.

 

16


Table of Contents

Changes in income tax laws and increases in income tax rates could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial results.

The Company is subject to income taxes within the United States. The Company’s annual income tax rate is based upon the Company’s income and the federal tax laws and the various state tax laws within the jurisdictions in which the Company operates. Increases in federal or state income tax rates and changes in federal or state tax laws could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial results.

Additional taxes resulting from tax audits could adversely impact the Company’s future profitability.

An assessment of additional taxes resulting from audits of the Company’s tax filings could have an adverse impact on the Company’s profitability, cash flows and financial condition.

Natural disasters and unfavorable weather could negatively impact the Company’s future profitability.

Natural disasters or unfavorable weather conditions in the geographic regions in which the Company does business could have an adverse impact on the Company’s revenue and profitability. Unusually cold or rainy weather during the summer months may have a temporary effect on the demand for the Company’s products and contribute to lower sales, which could adversely affect the Company’s profitability for such periods. Prolonged drought conditions in the geographic regions in which the Company does business could lead to restrictions on the use of water, which could adversely affect the Company’s ability to manufacture and distribute products and the Company’s cost to do so.

Global climate change or legal, regulatory, or market responses to such change could adversely impact the Company’s future profitability.

The growing political and scientific sentiment is that increased concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are influencing global weather patterns. Changing weather patterns, along with the increased frequency or duration of extreme weather conditions, could impact the availability or increase the cost of key raw materials that the Company uses to produce its products. In addition, the sale of these products can be impacted by weather conditions.

Concern over climate change, including global warming, has led to legislative and regulatory initiatives directed at limiting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. For example, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) began imposing GHG regulations on utilities, refineries and major manufacturers in 2011. Although the immediate effect was minor, as such regulations apply only to those that are planning to build large new facilities or materially modify existing ones, over the next decade the USEPA plans to extend the scope of the GHG regulations to cover virtually all sources of GHG’s. Those USEPA regulations or future laws enacted or regulations adopted that directly or indirectly affect the Company’s production, distribution, packaging, cost of raw materials, fuel, ingredients and water could all impact the Company’s business and financial results.

Issues surrounding labor relations could adversely impact the Company’s future profitability and/or its operating efficiency.

Approximately 6.5% of the Company’s employees are covered by collective bargaining agreements. The inability to renegotiate subsequent agreements on satisfactory terms and conditions could result in work interruptions or stoppages, which could have a material impact on the profitability of the Company. Also, the terms and conditions of existing or renegotiated agreements could increase costs, or otherwise affect the Company’s ability to fully implement operational changes to improve overall efficiency. Two collective bargaining agreements covering approximately 0.7% of the Company’s employees expired during 2013 and the Company entered into new agreements in 2013. Two collective bargaining agreements covering approximately 5% of the Company’s employees will expire during 2014.

 

17


Table of Contents

The Company’s ability to change distribution methods and business practices could be negatively affected by United States Coca-Cola bottler system disputes.

Litigation filed by some United States bottlers of Coca-Cola products indicates that disagreements may exist within the Coca-Cola bottler system concerning distribution methods and business practices. Although the litigation has been resolved, disagreements among various Coca-Cola bottlers could adversely affect the Company’s ability to fully implement its business plans in the future.

Management’s use of estimates and assumptions could have a material effect on reported results.

The Company’s consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements include estimates and assumptions by management that impact reported amounts. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates.

Changes in accounting standards could affect the Company’s reported financial results.

New accounting standards or pronouncements that may become applicable to the Company from time to time, or changes in the interpretation of existing standards and pronouncements could have a significant effect on the Company’s reported results for the affected periods.

Obesity and other health concerns may reduce demand for some of the Company’s products.

Consumers, public health officials, public health advocates and government officials are becoming increasingly concerned about the public health consequences associated with obesity, particularly among young people. In February 2013, a group of public health officials and health advocates submitted a petition to the FDA requesting that agency to regulate the amount of caloric sweeteners in sparkling and other beverages. The FDA has not responded to the petition, but is expected to propose in 2014 major changes to nutrition labels on all food packages, including a separate line for sugars that are added to the product. In addition, some researchers, health advocates and dietary guidelines are encouraging consumers to reduce the consumption of sugar, including sugar sparkling beverages. Increasing public concern about these issues, possible new taxes and governmental regulations concerning the production, marketing, labeling or availability of the Company’s beverages, and negative publicity resulting from actual or threatened legal actions against the Company or other companies in the same industry relating to the marketing, labeling or sale of sugar sparkling beverages may reduce demand for these beverages, which could adversely affect the Company’s profitability.

The Company has experienced public policy challenges regarding the sale of soft drinks in schools, particularly elementary, middle and high schools.

A number of states have regulations restricting the sale of soft drinks and other foods in schools. Many of these restrictions have existed for several years in connection with subsidized meal programs in schools. The focus has more recently turned to the growing health, nutrition and obesity concerns of today’s youth. The impact of restrictive legislation, if widely enacted, could have an adverse impact on the Company’s products, image and reputation.

The concentration of the Company’s capital stock ownership with the Harrison family limits other stockholders’ ability to influence corporate matters.

Members of the Harrison family, including the Company’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, J. Frank Harrison, III, beneficially own shares of Common Stock and Class B Common Stock representing approximately 86% of the total voting power of the Company’s outstanding capital stock. In addition, three members of the Harrison family, including Mr. Harrison, III, serve on the Board of Directors of the Company. As a result, members of the Harrison family have the ability to exert substantial influence or actual control over the Company’s management and affairs and over substantially all matters requiring action by the Company’s stockholders. Additionally, as a result of the Harrison family’s significant beneficial ownership of the Company’s outstanding voting stock, the Company has relied on the “controlled company” exemption from certain corporate

 

18


Table of Contents

governance requirements of The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC. This concentration of ownership may have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control otherwise favored by the Company’s other stockholders and could depress the stock price. It also limits other stockholders’ ability to influence corporate matters and, as a result, the Company may take actions that the Company’s other stockholders may not view as beneficial.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

 

19


Table of Contents
Item 2. Properties

The principal properties of the Company include its corporate headquarters, four production/distribution facilities and 41 sales distribution centers. The Company owns two production/distribution facilities and 33 sales distribution centers, and leases its corporate headquarters, two production/distribution facilities, 8 sales distribution centers and 3 additional storage warehouses.

The Company leases its 110,000 square foot corporate headquarters and a 65,000 square foot adjacent office building from a related party. The lease has a fifteen-year term and expires in December 2021. Rental payments for these facilities were $4.1 million in 2013.

The Company leases its 542,000 square foot Snyder Production Center and an adjacent 105,000 square foot distribution center in Charlotte, North Carolina from a related party pursuant to a lease with a ten-year term which expires in December 2020. Rental payments under this lease totaled $3.6 million in 2013.

The Company leases its 330,000 square foot production/distribution facility in Nashville, Tennessee. The lease requires monthly payments through December 2014. Rental payments under this lease totaled $0.5 million in 2013.

The Company leases a 278,000 square foot warehouse which serves as additional space for its Charlotte, North Carolina distribution center. The lease requires monthly payments through July 2022. Rental payments under this lease totaled $0.7 million in 2013.

The Company leases a 220,000 square foot sales distribution center in Lavergne, Tennessee. In the first quarter of 2011, a new lease replaced the existing lease. The new lease requires monthly payments through 2026, but did not require rental payments for the first eleven months of the lease. Rental payments under the lease were $0.7 million in 2013.

The Company leases its 50,000 square foot sales distribution center in Charleston, South Carolina. The Company amended the lease in the first quarter of 2012. The amended lease requires monthly payments through February 2027. Rental payments under this lease totaled $0.3 million in 2013.

The Company leases its 57,000 square foot sales distribution center in Greenville, South Carolina. The lease requires monthly payments through July 2018. Rental payments under this lease totaled $0.7 million in 2013.

The Company leases a 111,000 square foot warehouse which serves as additional space for the Company’s Roanoke, Virginia distribution center. The Company signed a lease extension in 2012, effective in 2013, to increase the original 75,000 square foot space by 36,000 square feet. The extended lease requires payments through the first quarter of 2025. Rental payments under this lease totaled $0.6 million in 2013.

The Company leases a 233,000 square foot sales distribution center in Clayton, North Carolina. This lease requires monthly lease payments through March 2026. Rental payments under this lease totaled $1.0 million in 2013.

The Company owns and operates a 316,000 square foot production/distribution facility in Roanoke, Virginia and a 271,000 square foot production/distribution facility in Mobile, Alabama.

The approximate percentage utilization of the Company’s production facilities is indicated below:

Production Facilities

 

Location

   Percentage
Utilization *
 

Charlotte, North Carolina

     66

Mobile, Alabama

     49

Nashville, Tennessee

     71

Roanoke, Virginia

     58

 

* Estimated 2014 production divided by capacity (based on operations of 6 days per week and 20 hours per day).

 

20


Table of Contents

The Company currently has sufficient production capacity to meet its operational requirements. In addition to the production facilities noted above, the Company utilizes a portion of the production capacity at SAC, a cooperative located in Bishopville, South Carolina, that owns a 261,000 square foot production facility.

The Company’s products are generally transported to sales distribution facilities for storage pending sale. The number of sales distribution facilities by market area as of January 31, 2014 was as follows:

Sales Distribution Facilities

 

Region

   Number of
Facilities
 

North Carolina

     12   

South Carolina

     6   

South Alabama

     4   

South Georgia

     4   

Middle Tennessee

     3   

Western Virginia

     4   

West Virginia

     8   
  

 

 

 

Total

     41   
  

 

 

 

The Company’s facilities are all in good condition and are adequate for the Company’s operations as presently conducted.

The Company also operates approximately 1,850 vehicles in the sale and distribution of the Company’s beverage products, of which approximately 1,150 are route delivery trucks. In addition, the Company owns approximately 189,000 beverage dispensing and vending machines for the sale of the Company’s products in the Company’s bottling territories.

 

21


Table of Contents
Item 3. Legal Proceedings

The Company is involved in various claims and legal proceedings which have arisen in the ordinary course of its business. Although it is difficult to predict the ultimate outcome of these claims and legal proceedings, management believes that the ultimate disposition of these matters will not have a material adverse effect on the financial condition, cash flows or results of operations of the Company. No material amount of loss in excess of recorded amounts is believed to be reasonably possible as a result of these claims and legal proceedings.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

 

22


Table of Contents

Executive Officers of the Company

The following is a list of names and ages of all the executive officers of the Company indicating all positions and offices with the Company held by each such person. All officers have served in their present capacities for the past five years except as otherwise stated.

J. FRANK HARRISON, III, age 59, is Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer. Mr. Harrison, III was appointed Chairman of the Board of Directors in December 1996. Mr. Harrison, III served as Vice Chairman from November 1987 through December 1996 and was appointed as the Company’s Chief Executive Officer in May 1994. He was first employed by the Company in 1977 and has served as a Division Sales Manager and as a Vice President.

HENRY W. FLINT, age 59, is President and Chief Operating Officer, a position he has held since August 2012. Previously, he was Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Company, a position he held since April 2007. Previously, he was Executive Vice President and Assistant to the Chairman of the Company, a position to which he was appointed in July 2004. Prior to that, he was a Managing Partner at the law firm of Kennedy Covington Lobdell & Hickman, L.L.P. with which he was associated from 1980 to 2004.

WILLIAM B. ELMORE, age 58, is Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors, a position he has held since August 2012. Previously, he was President and Chief Operating Officer and a Director of the Company, positions he has held since January 2001. Previously, he was Vice President, Value Chain from July 1999 and Vice President, Business Systems from August 1998 to June 1999. He was Vice President, Treasurer from June 1996 to July 1998. He was Vice President, Regional Manager for the Virginia Division, West Virginia Division and Tennessee Division from August 1991 to May 1996.

WILLIAM J. BILLIARD, age 47, is Vice President, Chief Accounting Officer and Corporate Controller. In June 2013, he was appointed Corporate Controller. His previous position of Vice President, Operations Finance and Chief Accounting Officer began in November 2010. He was first employed by the Company on February 20, 2006 with the title of Vice President, Controller and Chief Accounting Officer. Before joining the Company, he was Senior Vice President, Interim Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Controller of Portrait Corporation of America, Inc., a portrait photography studio company, from September 2005 to January 2006 and Senior Vice President, Corporate Controller from August 2001 to September 2005. Prior to that, he served as Vice President, Chief Financial Officer of Tailored Management, a long-term staffing company, from August 2000 to August 2001. Portrait Corporation of America, Inc. filed a voluntary petition for reorganization under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code in August 2006.

ROBERT G. CHAMBLESS, age 48, is Senior Vice President, Sales, Field Operations and Marketing, a position he has held since August 2010. Previously, he was Senior Vice President, Sales, a position he held since June 2008. He held the position of Vice President—Franchise Sales from early 2003 to June 2008 and Region Sales Manager for our Southern Division between 2000 and 2003. He was Sales Manager in the Company’s Columbia, South Carolina branch between 1997 and 2000. He has served the Company in several other positions prior to this position and was first employed by the Company in 1986.

CLIFFORD M. DEAL, III, age 52, is Vice President and Treasurer, a position he has held since June 1999. Previously, he was Director of Compensation and Benefits from October 1997 to May 1999. He was Corporate Benefits Manager from December 1995 to September 1997 and was Manager of Tax Accounting from November 1993 to November 1995.

NORMAN C. GEORGE, age 58, is President, BYB Brands, Inc, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company that distributes and markets Tum-E Yummies and other products developed by the Company, a position he has held since July 2006. Prior to that, he was Senior Vice President, Chief Marketing and Customer Officer, a position he was appointed to in September 2001. Prior to that, he was Vice President, Marketing and National Sales, a position he was appointed to in December 1999. Prior to that, he was Vice President, Corporate Sales, a position he had held since August 1998. Previously, he was Vice President, Sales for the Carolinas South Region, a position he held beginning in November 1991.

 

23


Table of Contents

JAMES E. HARRIS, age 51, is Senior Vice President, Shared Services and Chief Financial Officer, a position he has held since January 28, 2008. He served as a Director of the Company from August 2003 until January 25, 2008 and was a member of the Audit Committee and the Finance Committee. He served as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of MedCath Corporation, an operator of cardiovascular hospitals, from December 1999 to January 2008. From 1998 to 1999, he was Chief Financial Officer of Fresh Foods, Inc., a manufacturer of fully cooked food products. From 1987 to 1998, he served in several different officer positions with The Shelton Companies, Inc. He also served two years with Ernst & Young LLP as a senior accountant.

UMESH M. KASBEKAR, age 56, is Senior Vice President, Planning and Administration, a position he has held since January 1995. Prior to that, he was Vice President, Planning, a position he was appointed to in December 1988.

DAVID M. KATZ, age 45, is Senior Vice President, Assistant to the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, a position he has held since January 2013. Previously, he was Senior Vice President Midwest Region for Coca-Cola Refreshments (“CCR”) a position he began in 2011. Prior to the formation of CCR, he was Vice President, Sales Operations for Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc.’s (“CCE”) East Business Unit. In 2008, he was promoted to President and Chief Executive Officer of Coca-Cola Bottlers’ Sales and Services Company, LLC. He began his Coca-Cola career in 1993 with CCE as a Logistics Consultant.

LAUREN C. STEELE, age 59, is Senior Vice President, Corporate Affairs, a position to which he was appointed in March 2012. Prior to that, he was Vice President of Corporate Affairs, a position he had held since May 1989. He is responsible for governmental, media and community relations for the Company.

MICHAEL A. STRONG, age 60, is Senior Vice President, Human Resources, a position to which he was appointed in March 2011. Previously, he was Vice President of Human Resources, a position to which he was appointed in December 2009. He was Region Sales Manager for the North Carolina West Region from December 2006 to November 2009. Prior to that, he served as Division Sales Manager and General Manager as well as other key sales related positions. He joined the Company in 1985 when the Company acquired Coca-Cola Bottling Company in Mobile, Alabama, where he began his career.

 

24


Table of Contents

PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

The Company has two classes of common stock outstanding, Common Stock and Class B Common Stock. The Common Stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol COKE. The table below sets forth for the periods indicated the high and low reported sales prices per share of Common Stock. There is no established public trading market for the Class B Common Stock. Shares of Class B Common Stock are convertible on a share-for-share basis into shares of Common Stock.

 

     Fiscal Year  
     2013      2012  
     High      Low      High      Low  

First quarter

   $ 69.64       $ 59.87       $ 65.27       $ 56.51   

Second quarter

     62.20         58.00         64.89         60.05   

Third quarter

     65.39         60.41         69.15         63.88   

Fourth quarter

     73.00         59.06         70.93         61.07   

A quarterly dividend rate of $.25 per share on both Common Stock and Class B Common Stock was maintained throughout 2012 and 2013. Shares of Common Stock and Class B Common Stock have participated equally in dividends since 1994.

Pursuant to the Company’s certificate of incorporation, no cash dividend or dividend of property or stock other than stock of the Company, as specifically described in the certificate of incorporation, may be declared and paid on the Class B Common Stock unless an equal or greater dividend is declared and paid on the Common Stock.

The amount and frequency of future dividends will be determined by the Company’s Board of Directors in light of the earnings and financial condition of the Company at such time, and no assurance can be given that dividends will be declared or paid in the future.

The number of stockholders of record of the Common Stock and Class B Common Stock, as of February 28, 2014, was 2,583 and 10, respectively.

On March 5, 2013, the Compensation Committee determined that 40,000 shares of restricted Class B Common Stock, $1.00 par value, should be issued (pursuant to a Performance Unit Award Agreement approved in 2008) to J. Frank Harrison, III, in connection with his services in 2012 as Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer of the Company. As permitted under the terms of the Performance Unit Award Agreement, 19,880 of such shares were settled in cash to satisfy tax withholding obligations in connection with the vesting of the performance units.

On March 4, 2014, the Compensation Committee determined that 40,000 shares of restricted Class B Common Stock, $1.00 par value, should be issued (pursuant to a Performance Unit Award Agreement approved in 2008) to J. Frank Harrison, III, in connection with his services in 2013 as Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer of the Company. As permitted under the terms of the Performance Unit Award Agreement, 19,100 of such shares were settled in cash to satisfy tax withholding obligations in connection with the vesting of the performance units.

The shares issued to Mr. Harrison, III were issued without registration under the Securities Act of 1933 (the “Securities Act”) in reliance on Section 4(2) of the Securities Act.

Presented below is a line graph comparing the yearly percentage change in the cumulative total return on the Company’s Common Stock to the cumulative total return of the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index and a peer group for the period commencing December 28, 2008 and ending December 29, 2013. The peer group is comprised of Dr Pepper Snapple Group, Inc., The Coca-Cola Company, Cott Corporation, National Beverage Corp. and PepsiCo, Inc.

 

25


Table of Contents

The graph assumes that $100 was invested in the Company’s Common Stock, the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index and the peer group on December 28, 2008 and that all dividends were reinvested on a quarterly basis. Returns for the companies included in the peer group have been weighted on the basis of the total market capitalization for each company.

COMPARISON OF 5 YEAR CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN*

Among Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated, the S&P 500 Index and a Peer Group

 

LOGO

 

     12/28/08     1/3/10     1/2/11     1/1/12     12/30/12     12/29/13  

CCBCC

  $ 100      $ 122      $ 129      $ 138      $ 157      $ 177   

S&P 500

  $ 100      $ 126      $ 146      $ 149      $ 172      $ 228   

Peer Group

  $ 100      $ 126      $ 146      $ 157      $ 167      $ 200   

 

26


Table of Contents
Item 6. Selected Financial Data

The following table sets forth certain selected financial data concerning the Company for the five years ended December 29, 2013. The data for the five years ended December 29, 2013 is derived from audited consolidated financial statements of the Company. This information should be read in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” set forth in Item 7 hereof and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the more detailed consolidated financial statements and notes contained in Item 8 hereof. This information should also be read in conjunction with the “Risk Factors” set forth in Item 1A.

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA*

 

    Fiscal Year**  

In Thousands (Except Per Share Data)

  2013     2012     2011     2010     2009  

Summary of Operations

         

Net sales

  $ 1,641,331      $ 1,614,433      $ 1,561,239      $ 1,514,599      $ 1,442,986   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cost of sales

    982,691        960,124        931,996        873,783        822,992   

Selling, delivery and administrative expenses

    584,993        565,623        541,713        544,498        525,491   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total costs and expenses

    1,567,684        1,525,747        1,473,709        1,418,281        1,348,483   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from operations

    73,647        88,686        87,530        96,318        94,503   

Interest expense, net

    29,403        35,338        35,979        35,127        37,379   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before taxes

    44,244        53,348        51,551        61,191        57,124   

Income tax expense

    12,142        21,889        19,528        21,649        16,581   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

    32,102        31,459        32,023        39,542        40,543   

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

    4,427        4,242        3,415        3,485        2,407   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated

  $ 27,675      $ 27,217      $ 28,608      $ 36,057      $ 38,136   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic net income per share based on net income attributable to Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated:

         

Common Stock

  $ 2.99      $ 2.95      $ 3.11      $ 3.93      $ 4.16   

Class B Common Stock

  $ 2.99      $ 2.95      $ 3.11      $ 3.93      $ 4.16   

Diluted net income per share based on net income attributable to Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated:

         

Common Stock

  $ 2.98      $ 2.94      $ 3.09      $ 3.91      $ 4.15   

Class B Common Stock

  $ 2.97      $ 2.92      $ 3.08      $ 3.90      $ 4.13   

Cash dividends per share:

         

Common Stock

  $ 1.00      $ 1.00      $ 1.00      $ 1.00      $ 1.00   

Class B Common Stock

  $ 1.00      $ 1.00      $ 1.00      $ 1.00      $ 1.00   

Other Information

         

Weighted average number of common shares
outstanding:

         

Common Stock

    7,141        7,141        7,141        7,141        7,072   

Class B Common Stock

    2,105        2,085        2,063        2,040        2,092   

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding —  assuming dilution:

         

Common Stock

    9,286        9,266        9,244        9,221        9,197   

Class B Common Stock

    2,145        2,125        2,103        2,080        2,125   

Year-End Financial Position

         

Total assets

  $ 1,276,156      $ 1,283,474      $ 1,362,425      $ 1,307,622      $ 1,283,077   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Current portion of debt

    20,000        20,000        120,000                 
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Current portion of obligations under capital leases

    5,939        5,230        4,574        3,866        3,846   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Obligations under capital leases

    59,050        64,351        69,480        55,395        59,261   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Long-term debt

    378,566        403,386        403,219        523,063        537,917   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity of Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated

    191,320        135,259        129,470        126,064        114,460   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

* See Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements for additional information.

 

** All years presented are 52-week fiscal years except 2009 which was a 53-week year. The estimated net sales, gross margin and selling, delivery and administrative expenses for the additional selling week in 2009 of approximately $18 million, $6 million and $4 million, respectively, are included in reported results for 2009.

 

27


Table of Contents
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“M,D&A”) of Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated (the “Company”) should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements of the Company and the accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements. M,D&A includes the following sections:

 

   

Our Business and the Nonalcoholic Beverage Industry — a general description of the Company’s business and the nonalcoholic beverage industry.

 

   

Areas of Emphasis — a summary of the Company’s key priorities.

 

   

Overview of Operations and Financial Condition — a summary of key information and trends concerning the financial results for the three years ended 2013.

 

   

Discussion of Critical Accounting Policies, Estimates and New Accounting Pronouncements – a discussion of accounting policies that are most important to the portrayal of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations and that require critical judgments and estimates and the expected impact of new accounting pronouncements.

 

   

Results of Operations — an analysis of the Company’s results of operations for the three years presented in the consolidated financial statements.

 

   

Financial Condition — an analysis of the Company’s financial condition as of the end of the last two years as presented in the consolidated financial statements.

 

   

Liquidity and Capital Resources — an analysis of capital resources, cash sources and uses, operating activities, investing activities, financing activities, off-balance sheet arrangements, aggregate contractual obligations and hedging activities.

 

   

Cautionary Information Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.

The fiscal years presented are the 52-week periods ended December 29, 2013 (“2013”), December 30, 2012 (“2012”) and January 1, 2012 (“2011”). The Company’s fiscal year ends on the Sunday closest to December 31 of each year.

The consolidated financial statements include the consolidated operations of the Company and its majority-owned subsidiaries including Piedmont Coca-Cola Bottling Partnership (“Piedmont”). Noncontrolling interest primarily consists of The Coca-Cola Company’s interest in Piedmont, which was 22.7% for all periods presented.

Piedmont is the Company’s only significant subsidiary that has a noncontrolling interest. Noncontrolling interest income of $4.4 million in 2013, $4.2 million in 2012 and $3.4 million in 2011 are included in net income on the Company’s consolidated statements of operations. In addition, the amount of consolidated net income attributable to both the Company and noncontrolling interest are shown on the Company’s consolidated statements of operations. Noncontrolling interest primarily related to Piedmont totaled $68.6 million and $64.2 million at December 29, 2013 and December 30, 2012, respectively. These amounts are shown as noncontrolling interest in the equity section of the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.

In the third quarter of 2013, the Company announced a limited Lump Sum Window distribution of present valued pension benefits to terminated plan participants meeting certain criteria. The benefit election window was open during the third quarter of 2013 and benefit distributions occurred during the fourth quarter of 2013. Based upon the number of plan participants electing to take the lump-sum distribution and the total amount of such distributions, the Company incurred a noncash charge of $12.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2013 when the distributions were made in accordance with the relevant accounting standards. The reduction in the number of plan participants and the reduction of plan assets will reduce the cost of administering the pension plan in the future. On September 4, 2013, the Company entered into an amendment to its $200 million five-year unsecured revolving credit facility (“$200 million facility”). The amendment clarified that the noncash charge incurred by the Company in the fourth quarter of 2013 would be excluded from the calculation of the financial covenants of the $200 million facility to the extent that the noncash charge was recognized on or before December 31, 2013 and did not exceed $12.0 million.

 

28


Table of Contents

Proposed Expansion of Company’s Franchised Territory

The Company announced on April 16, 2013 that it had signed a non-binding letter of intent with The Coca-Cola Company to expand the Company’s franchise territory to include distribution rights in parts of Tennessee and Kentucky that include such major markets as Knoxville, Tennessee and Lexington and Louisville, Kentucky. Coca-Cola Refreshments USA, Inc. (“CCR”), a wholly owned subsidiary of The Coca-Cola Company, currently serves all of the proposed expanded territory.

The Company would acquire distribution rights in the expanded territory for brands owned by The Coca-Cola Company by entering into a sub-bottling arrangement with CCR requiring the Company to make ongoing payments to CCR. CCR would also transfer to the Company its rights to distribute the brands currently distributed by CCR in the proposed expanded territory that are not owned by The Coca-Cola Company. In addition to distribution rights, the Company would also acquire from CCR certain distribution assets and certain working capital associated with CCR’s operations in the expanded territory. The Company would not acquire any production assets from CCR and would not have production rights in the proposed expanded territory, but would enter into a product supply and such other agreements as may be necessary for the Company to serve the expanded territory. The consideration for the proposed transaction also involves the Company exchanging with CCR certain franchised territories the Company currently serves in western Tennessee for portions of the expanded territory.

This proposed transaction with The Coca-Cola Company remains subject to the parties reaching definitive agreements in the first quarter of 2014 with the transaction currently expected to be completed in a series of closings by the end of 2014 or early 2015 involving different parts of the expanded territory. The parties are continuing to negotiate the terms and conditions of definitive agreements and related documentation, however, there is no assurance that the parties will enter into such agreements or that any of the anticipated closings will occur.

Our Business and the Nonalcoholic Beverage Industry

The Company produces, markets and distributes nonalcoholic beverages, primarily products of The Coca-Cola Company, which include some of the most recognized and popular beverage brands in the world. The Company is the largest independent bottler of products of The Coca-Cola Company in the United States, distributing these products in eleven states primarily in the Southeast. The Company also distributes several other beverage brands. These product offerings include both sparkling and still beverages. Sparkling beverages are carbonated beverages, including energy products. Still beverages are noncarbonated beverages such as bottled water, tea, ready-to-drink coffee, enhanced water, juices and sports drinks. The Company had net sales of $1.6 billion in 2013.

The nonalcoholic beverage market is highly competitive. The Company’s competitors include bottlers and distributors of nationally and regionally advertised and marketed products and private label products. In each region in which the Company operates, between 85% and 95% of sparkling beverage sales in bottles, cans and other containers are accounted for by the Company and its principal competitors, which in each region includes the local bottler of Pepsi-Cola and, in some regions, the local bottler of Dr Pepper, Royal Crown and/or 7-Up products. The sparkling beverage category (including energy products) represents 81% of the Company’s 2013 bottle/can net sales.

The principal methods of competition in the nonalcoholic beverage industry are point-of-sale merchandising, new product introductions, new vending and dispensing equipment, packaging changes, pricing, price promotions, product quality, retail space management, customer service, frequency of distribution and advertising. The Company believes it is competitive in its territories with respect to each of these methods.

 

29


Table of Contents

The Company’s net sales in the last three fiscal years by product category were as follows:

 

     Fiscal Year  

In Thousands

   2013      2012      2011  

Bottle/can sales:

        

Sparkling beverages (including energy products)

   $ 1,063,154       $ 1,073,071       $ 1,052,164   

Still beverages

     247,561         233,895         219,628   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total bottle/can sales

     1,310,715         1,306,966         1,271,792   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other sales:

        

Sales to other Coca-Cola bottlers

     166,476         152,401         150,274   

Post-mix and other

     164,140         155,066         139,173   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total other sales

     330,616         307,467         289,447   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net sales

   $ 1,641,331       $ 1,614,433       $ 1,561,239   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Areas of Emphasis

Key priorities for the Company include revenue management, product innovation and beverage portfolio expansion, distribution cost management, and productivity.

Revenue Management

Revenue management requires a strategy which reflects consideration for pricing of brands and packages within product categories and channels, highly effective working relationships with customers and disciplined fact-based decision-making. Revenue management has been and continues to be a key driver which has a significant impact on the Company’s results of operations.

Product Innovation and Beverage Portfolio Expansion

Innovation of both new brands and packages has been and will continue to be critical to the Company’s overall revenue. New packaging introductions over the last several years include the 1.25-liter bottle, 7.5-ounce sleek can and the 2-liter contour bottle for Coca-Cola products.

The Company has invested in its own brand portfolio with products such as Tum-E Yummies, a vitamin C enhanced flavored drink and Fuel in a Bottle power shots. These brands enable the Company to participate in strong growth categories and capitalize on distribution channels that include the Company’s traditional Coca-Cola franchise territory as well as third party distributors outside the Company’s traditional Coca-Cola franchise territory. While the growth prospects of Company-owned or exclusively licensed brands appear promising, the cost of developing, marketing and distributing these brands is anticipated to be significant as well.

Distribution Cost Management

Distribution costs represent the costs of transporting finished goods from Company locations to customer outlets. Total distribution costs amounted to $201.0 million, $200.0 million and $191.9 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Over the past several years, the Company has focused on converting its distribution system from a conventional routing system to a predictive system. This conversion to a predictive system has allowed the Company to more efficiently handle increasing numbers of products. In addition, the Company has closed a number of smaller sales distribution centers reducing its fixed warehouse-related costs.

The Company has three primary delivery systems for its current business:

 

   

bulk delivery for large supermarkets, mass merchandisers and club stores;

 

   

advanced sale delivery for convenience stores, drug stores, small supermarkets and on-premises accounts; and

 

   

full service delivery for its full service vending customers.

 

30


Table of Contents

Distribution cost management will continue to be a key area of emphasis for the Company.

Productivity

A key driver in the Company’s selling, delivery and administrative (“S,D&A”) expense management relates to ongoing improvements in labor productivity and asset productivity.

Overview of Operations and Financial Condition

The following items affect the comparability of the financial results presented below:

2013

 

   

a $3.1 million pre-tax favorable adjustment to net sales related to a refund of 2012 cooperative trade marketing funds paid by the Company to The Coca-Cola Company that were not spent in 2012;

 

   

a $0.5 million pre-tax unfavorable mark-to-market adjustment to cost of sales related to the Company’s 2013 commodity hedging program;

 

   

a $12.0 million noncash settlement charge related to the voluntary lump-sum pension distribution;

 

   

a $0.4 million decrease to income tax expense related to the American Taxpayer Relief Act;

 

   

a $2.3 million decrease to income tax expense related to state tax legislation enacted in the third quarter of 2013; and

 

   

a $0.9 million decrease to income tax expense related to the reduction of the liability for uncertain tax positions primarily due to the expiration of the applicable statute of limitations.

2012

 

   

a $0.5 million pre-tax favorable mark-to-market adjustment to cost of sales related to the Company’s 2013 commodity hedging program; and

 

   

a $1.5 million debit to income tax expense to increase the valuation allowance for certain deferred tax assets of the Company.

2011

 

   

a $6.7 million pre-tax unfavorable mark-to-market adjustment to cost of sales related to the Company’s 2011 commodity hedging program;

 

   

a $0.2 million pre-tax unfavorable mark-to-market adjustment to S,D&A expenses related to the Company’s 2011 commodity hedging program; and

 

   

a $0.9 million credit to income tax expense related to the reduction of the liability for uncertain tax positions in 2011 primarily due to the expiration of the applicable statute of limitations.

 

31


Table of Contents

The following overview is a summary of key information concerning the Company’s financial results for 2013 compared to 2012 and 2011.

 

     Fiscal Year  

In Thousands (Except Per Share Data)

   2013      2012      2011  

Net sales

   $ 1,641,331       $ 1,614,433       $ 1,561,239   

Cost of sales

     982,691         960,124         931,996   

Gross margin

     658,640         654,309         629,243   

S,D&A expenses

     584,993         565,623         541,713   

Income from operations

     73,647         88,686         87,530   

Interest expense, net

     29,403         35,338         35,979   

Income before taxes

     44,244         53,348         51,551   

Income tax expense

     12,142         21,889         19,528   

Net income

     32,102         31,459         32,023   

Net income attributable to the Company

     27,675         27,217         28,608   

Basic net income per share:

        

Common Stock

   $ 2.99       $ 2.95       $ 3.11   

Class B Common Stock

   $ 2.99       $ 2.95       $ 3.11   

Diluted net income per share:

        

Common Stock

   $ 2.98       $ 2.94       $ 3.09   

Class B Common Stock

   $ 2.97       $ 2.92       $ 3.08   

The Company’s net sales grew 5.1% from 2011 to 2013. The increase in net sales was primarily due to a 2.7% increase in bottle/can sales price per unit to retail customers and a 6.8% increase in sales volume to other Coca-Cola bottlers. The increase in bottle/can sales price per unit to retail customers was primarily due to an increase in sparkling beverages other than energy products while the increase in sales volume to other Coca-Cola bottlers was primarily due to an increase in sparkling can beverages. The Company’s sales volume increase to other Coca-Cola bottlers was impacted by the closing of a can production facility by another Coca-Cola bottler in 2013; the Company replaced part of the closed facility’s production.

Bottle/can sales volume to retail customers increased 0.1% in 2013 compared to 2011. The Company’s bottle/can volume to retail customers was impacted by cooler and wetter than normal weather in most of the Company’s territories during the first and second quarters of 2013.

Gross margin dollars increased 4.7% from 2011 to 2013. The Company’s gross margin as a percentage of net sales decreased from 40.3% in 2011 to 40.1% in 2013. The decrease in gross margin percentage was primarily due to higher sales volume to other Coca-Cola bottlers which has a lower gross margin than bottle/can sales to retail customers, increases in raw material costs and increased purchases of finished products partially offset by higher sales price per unit for sales to retail customers.

The following inputs represent a substantial portion of the Company’s total cost of goods sold: (1) sweeteners, (2) packaging materials, including plastic bottles and aluminum cans, and (3) finished products purchased from other vendors. The Company anticipates that the cost of some of the underlying commodities related to these inputs will have a smaller increase in 2014 compared to 2013.

S,D&A expenses increased 8.0% from 2011 to 2013. The increase in S,D&A expenses was primarily the result of the $12.0 million noncash settlement charge for the lump-sum pension distribution and the increase in professional fees for due diligence for territory expansion. Additional increases related to an increase in employee salaries including bonuses and incentives (salary increase and separation payments), an increase in software amortization, an increase in marketing expense and an increase in employer payroll taxes. Employee benefits expense also increased from 2011 to 2013 primarily due to increased medical insurance expense (both active and retired employees). The increase in S,D&A expenses was partially offset by a decrease in depreciation and amortization expense for property, plant and equipment due to the change in useful lives of certain vending equipment.

 

32


Table of Contents

Net interest expense decreased 18.3% in 2013 compared to 2011. The decrease was primarily due to the repayment at maturity of $150 million of Senior Notes in November 2012. The Company’s overall weighted average interest rate on its debt and capital lease obligations decreased to 5.8% during 2013 from 6.0% during 2011.

Income tax expense decreased 37.8% from 2011 to 2013. The decrease was primarily due to state tax legislation that reduced the corporate tax rate in 2013, the American Taxpayer Relief Act enacted on January 2, 2013 and lower pre-tax income. The Company’s effective tax rate, as calculated by dividing income tax expense by income before income taxes, was 27.4% for 2013 compared to 37.9% for 2011. The effective tax rates differ from statutory rates as a result of adjustments to the liability for uncertain tax positions, adjustments to the deferred tax asset valuation allowance, adjustments due to federal or state legislation and permanent items. The Company’s effective tax rate, as calculated by dividing income tax expense by income before income taxes less net income attributable to noncontrolling interest, was 30.5% for 2013 compared to 40.6% for 2011.

Net debt and capital lease obligations at fiscal year ends were as follows:

 

In Thousands

   Dec. 29,
2013
     Dec. 30,
2012
     Jan. 1,
2012
 

Debt

   $ 398,566       $ 423,386       $ 523,219   

Capital lease obligations

     64,989         69,581         74,054   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total debt and capital lease obligations

     463,555         492,967         597,273   

Less: Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

     11,761         10,399         93,758   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net debt and capital lease obligations (1)

   $ 451,794       $ 482,568       $ 503,515   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) The non-GAAP measure “Total net debt and capital lease obligations” is used to provide investors with additional information which management believes is helpful in evaluating the Company’s capital structure and financial leverage. This non-GAAP financial information is not presented elsewhere in this report and may not be comparable to the similarly titled measures used by other companies. Additionally, this information should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for performance measures calculated in accordance with GAAP.

Discussion of Critical Accounting Policies, Estimates and New Accounting Pronouncements

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

In the ordinary course of business, the Company has made a number of estimates and assumptions relating to the reporting of results of operations and financial position in the preparation of its consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Actual results could differ significantly from those estimates under different assumptions and conditions. The Company believes the following discussion addresses the Company’s most critical accounting policies, which are those most important to the portrayal of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations and require management’s most difficult, subjective and complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain.

The Company did not make changes in any critical accounting policies during 2013. Any changes in critical accounting policies and estimates are discussed with the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors of the Company during the quarter in which a change is contemplated and prior to making such change.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

The Company evaluates the collectibility of its trade accounts receivable based on a number of factors. In circumstances where the Company becomes aware of a customer’s inability to meet its financial obligations to the Company, a specific reserve for bad debts is estimated and recorded which reduces the recognized receivable to the estimated amount the Company believes will ultimately be collected. In addition to specific customer identification of potential bad debts, bad debt charges are recorded based on the Company’s recent past loss history and an overall assessment of past due trade accounts receivable outstanding.

 

33


Table of Contents

The Company’s review of potential bad debts considers the specific industry in which a particular customer operates, such as supermarket retailers, convenience stores and mass merchandise retailers, and the general economic conditions that currently exist in that specific industry. The Company then considers the effects of concentration of credit risk in a specific industry and for specific customers within that industry.

Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment is recorded at cost and is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of such assets. Changes in circumstances such as technological advances, changes to the Company’s business model or changes in the Company’s capital spending strategy could result in the actual useful lives differing from the Company’s current estimates. Factors such as changes in the planned use of manufacturing equipment, cold drink dispensing equipment, transportation equipment, warehouse facilities or software could also result in shortened useful lives. In those cases where the Company determines that the useful life of property, plant and equipment should be shortened or lengthened, the Company depreciates the net book value in excess of the estimated salvage value over its revised remaining useful life.

The Company changed the useful lives of certain cold drink dispensing equipment in 2013 to reflect the estimated remaining useful lives. The change in useful lives reduced depreciation expense in 2013 by $1.7 million.

The Company evaluates the recoverability of the carrying amount of its property, plant and equipment when events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset or asset group may not be recoverable. These evaluations are performed at a level where independent cash flows may be attributed to either an asset or an asset group. If the Company determines that the carrying amount of an asset or asset group is not recoverable based upon the expected undiscounted future cash flows of the asset or asset group, an impairment loss is recorded equal to the excess of the carrying amounts over the estimated fair value of the long-lived assets.

During 2013, the Company performed periodic reviews of property, plant and equipment and determined there was no impairment to be recorded.

During 2012, the Company performed periodic reviews of property, plant and equipment. As a result of these reviews, $.3 million was recorded to impairment expense for manufacturing equipment.

During 2011, the Company performed periodic reviews of property, plant and equipment and determined there was no impairment to be recorded.

Franchise Rights

The Company considers franchise rights with The Coca-Cola Company and other beverage companies to be indefinite lived because the agreements are perpetual or, when not perpetual, the Company anticipates the agreements will continue to be renewed upon expiration. The cost of renewals is minimal, and the Company has not had any renewals denied. The Company considers franchise rights as indefinite lived intangible assets and, therefore, does not amortize the value of such assets. Instead, franchise rights are tested at least annually for impairment.

Impairment Testing of Franchise Rights and Goodwill

Generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires testing of intangible assets with indefinite lives and goodwill for impairment at least annually. The Company conducts its annual impairment test as of the first day of the fourth quarter of each fiscal year. The Company also reviews intangible assets with indefinite lives and goodwill for impairment if there are significant changes in business conditions that could result in impairment. For both franchise rights and goodwill, when appropriate, the Company performs a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of the franchise rights or goodwill is below its carrying value.

When a quantitative analysis is considered necessary for the annual impairment analysis of franchise rights, the Company utilizes the Greenfield Method to estimate the fair value. The Greenfield Method assumes the

 

34


Table of Contents

Company is starting new, owning only franchise rights, and makes investments required to build an operation comparable to the Company’s current operations. The Company estimates the cash flows required to build a comparable operation and the available future cash flows from these operations. The cash flows are then discounted using an appropriate discount rate. The estimated fair value based upon the discounted cash flows is then compared to the carrying value on an aggregated basis. In addition to the discount rate, the estimated fair value includes a number of assumptions such as cost of investment to build a comparable operation, projected net sales, cost of sales, operating expenses and income taxes. Changes in the assumptions required to estimate the present value of the cash flows attributable to franchise rights could materially impact the fair value estimate.

After completing the analysis, there was no impairment of the Company’s recorded franchise rights in 2013, 2012 or 2011.

The Company has determined that it has one reporting unit for purposes of assessing goodwill for potential impairment. When a quantitative analysis is considered necessary for the annual impairment analysis of goodwill, the Company develops an estimated fair value for the reporting unit considering three different approaches:

 

   

market value, using the Company’s stock price plus outstanding debt;

 

   

discounted cash flow analysis; and

 

   

multiple of earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization based upon relevant industry data.

The estimated fair value of the reporting unit is then compared to its carrying amount including goodwill. If the estimated fair value exceeds the carrying amount, goodwill will be considered not to be impaired and the second step of the GAAP impairment test is not necessary. If the carrying amount including goodwill exceeds its estimated fair value, the second step of the impairment test is performed to measure the amount of the impairment, if any. In the second step, a comparison is made between book value of goodwill to the implied fair value of goodwill. Implied fair value of goodwill is determined by comparing the fair value of the reporting unit to the book value of its net identifiable assets excluding goodwill. If the implied fair value of goodwill is below the book value of goodwill, an impairment loss would be recognized for the difference. The Company does not believe that the reporting unit is at risk of impairment in the future. The discounted cash flow analysis includes a number of assumptions such as weighted average cost of capital, projected sales volume, net sales, cost of sales and operating expenses. Changes in these assumptions could materially impact the fair value estimates.

The Company uses its overall market capitalization as part of its estimate of fair value of the reporting unit and in assessing the reasonableness of the Company’s internal estimates of fair value.

To the extent that actual and projected cash flows decline in the future, or if market conditions deteriorate significantly, the Company may be required to perform an interim impairment analysis that could result in an impairment of franchise rights and goodwill. The Company has determined that there has not been an interim impairment trigger since the first day of the fourth quarter of 2013 annual test date.

Based on this analysis, there was no impairment of the Company’s recorded goodwill in 2013, 2012 or 2011.

Income Tax Estimates

The Company records a valuation allowance to reduce the carrying value of its deferred tax assets if, based on the weight of available evidence, it is determined that it is more likely than not that such assets will not ultimately be realized. While the Company considers future taxable income and prudent and feasible tax planning strategies in assessing the need for a valuation allowance, should the Company determine it will not be able to realize all or part of its net deferred tax assets in the future, an adjustment to the valuation allowance will be charged to income in the period in which such determination is made. A reduction in the valuation allowance and corresponding adjustment to income may be required if the likelihood of realizing existing deferred tax assets increases to a more likely than not level. The Company regularly reviews the realizability of deferred tax assets and initiates a review when significant changes in the Company’s business occur that could impact the realizability assessment.

 

35


Table of Contents

In addition to a valuation allowance related to net operating loss carryforwards, the Company records liabilities for uncertain tax positions related to certain state and federal income tax positions. These liabilities reflect the Company’s best estimate of the ultimate income tax liability based on currently known facts and information. Material changes in facts or information as well as the expiration of the statute of limitations and/or settlements with individual tax jurisdictions may result in material adjustments to these estimates in the future.

Revenue Recognition

Revenues are recognized when finished products are delivered to customers and both title and the risks and benefits of ownership are transferred, price is fixed and determinable, collection is reasonably assured and, in the case of full service vending, when cash is collected from the vending machines. Appropriate provision is made for uncollectible accounts.

The Company receives service fees from The Coca-Cola Company related to the delivery of fountain syrup products to The Coca-Cola Company’s fountain customers. In addition, the Company receives service fees from The Coca-Cola Company related to the repair of fountain equipment owned by The Coca-Cola Company. The fees received from The Coca-Cola Company for the delivery of fountain syrup products to their customers and the repair of their fountain equipment are recognized as revenue when the respective services are completed. Service revenue represents approximately 1% of net sales.

The Company performs freight hauling and brokerage for third parties in addition to delivering its own products. The freight charges are recognized as revenues when the delivery is complete. Freight revenue from third parties represents approximately 1% of net sales.

Revenues do not include sales or other taxes collected from customers.

Risk Management Programs

The Company uses various insurance structures to manage its workers’ compensation, auto liability, medical and other insurable risks. These structures consist of retentions, deductibles, limits and a diverse group of insurers that serve to strategically transfer and mitigate the financial impact of losses. The Company uses commercial insurance for claims as a risk reduction strategy to minimize catastrophic losses. Losses are accrued using assumptions and procedures followed in the insurance industry, adjusted for company-specific history and expectations. The Company has standby letters of credit, primarily related to its property and casualty insurance programs. On December 29, 2013, these letters of credit totaled $22.9 million.

Pension and Postretirement Benefit Obligations

The Company sponsors pension plans covering certain full-time nonunion employees and certain union employees who meet eligibility requirements. As discussed below, the Company ceased further benefit accruals under the principal Company-sponsored pension plan effective June 30, 2006. Several statistical and other factors, which attempt to anticipate future events, are used in calculating the expense and liability related to the plans. These factors include assumptions about the discount rate, expected return on plan assets, employee turnover and age at retirement, as determined by the Company, within certain guidelines. In addition, the Company uses subjective factors such as mortality rates to estimate the projected benefit obligation. The actuarial assumptions used by the Company may differ materially from actual results due to changing market and economic conditions, higher or lower withdrawal rates or longer or shorter life spans of participants. These differences may result in a significant impact to the amount of net periodic pension cost recorded by the Company in future periods. The discount rate used in determining the actuarial present value of the projected benefit obligation for the Company’s pension plans was 5.21% in 2013 and 4.47% in 2012. The discount rate assumption is generally the estimate which can have the most significant impact on net periodic pension cost and the projected benefit obligation for these pension plans. The Company determines an appropriate discount rate annually based on the annual yield on long-term corporate bonds as of the measurement date and reviews the discount rate assumption at the end of each year.

 

36


Table of Contents

On February 22, 2006, the Board of Directors of the Company approved an amendment to the principal Company-sponsored pension plan to cease further benefit accruals under the nonunion plan effective June 30, 2006. Annual pension costs were $1.4 million, $2.9 million and $2.9 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011 respectively. The annual pension costs for 2013 excludes the $12.0 million noncash settlement charge discussed below.

In the third quarter of 2013, the Company announced a limited Lump Sum Window distribution of present valued pension benefits to terminated plan participants meeting certain criteria. The benefit election window was open during the third quarter of 2013 and benefit distributions were made during the fourth quarter of 2013. Based upon the number of plan participants electing to take the lump-sum distribution and the total amount of such distributions, the Company incurred a noncash charge of $12.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2013 when the distribution was made in accordance with the relevant accounting standards. The reduction in the number of plan participants and the reduction of plan assets will reduce the cost of administering the pension plan in the future.

Annual pension income is estimated to be approximately $0.4 million in 2014.

A .25% increase or decrease in the discount rate assumption would have impacted the projected benefit obligation and net periodic pension cost of the Company-sponsored pension plans as follows:

 

In Thousands

   .25%
Increase
    .25%
Decrease
 

Increase (decrease) in:

    

Projected benefit obligation at December 29, 2013

   $ (8,064   $ 8,533   

Net periodic pension cost in 2013

     (191     186   

The weighted average expected long-term rate of return of plan assets was 7% for each year 2013, 2012 and 2011. This rate reflects an estimate of long-term future returns for the pension plan assets. This estimate is primarily a function of the asset classes (equities versus fixed income) in which the pension plan assets are invested and the analysis of past performance of these asset classes over a long period of time. This analysis includes expected long-term inflation and the risk premiums associated with equity and fixed income investments. See Note 17 to the consolidated financial statements for the details by asset type of the Company’s pension plan assets at December 29, 2013 and December 30, 2012, and the weighted average expected long-term rate of return of each asset type. The actual return of pension plan assets were gains of 17.8% in 2013, 12.9% for 2012 and 0.9% for 2011.

The Company sponsors a postretirement health care plan for employees meeting specified qualifying criteria. Several statistical and other factors, which attempt to anticipate future events, are used in calculating the net periodic postretirement benefit cost and postretirement benefit obligation for this plan. These factors include assumptions about the discount rate and the expected growth rate for the cost of health care benefits. In addition, the Company uses subjective factors such as withdrawal and mortality rates to estimate the projected liability under this plan. The actuarial assumptions used by the Company may differ materially from actual results due to changing market and economic conditions, higher or lower withdrawal rates or longer or shorter life spans of participants. The Company does not pre-fund its postretirement benefits and has the right to modify or terminate certain of these benefits in the future.

The discount rate assumption, the annual health care cost trend and the ultimate trend rate for health care costs are key estimates which can have a significant impact on the net periodic postretirement benefit cost and postretirement obligation in future periods. The Company annually determines the health care cost trend based on recent actual medical trend experience and projected experience for subsequent years.

The discount rate assumptions used to determine the pension and postretirement benefit obligations are based on yield rates available on double-A bonds as of each plan’s measurement date. The discount rate used in determining the postretirement benefit obligation was 4.96% in 2013 and 4.11% in 2012. The discount rate was derived using the Aon/Hewitt AA above median yield curve. Projected benefit payouts for each plan were matched to the Aon/Hewitt AA above median yield curve and an equivalent flat rate was derived.

 

37


Table of Contents

A .25% increase or decrease in the discount rate assumption would have impacted the projected benefit obligation and service cost and interest cost of the Company’s postretirement benefit plan as follows:

 

In Thousands

   .25%
Increase
    .25%
Decrease
 

Increase (decrease) in:

    

Postretirement benefit obligation at December 29, 2013

   $ (1,898   $ 1,991   

Service cost and interest cost in 2013

     (164     170   

A 1% increase or decrease in the annual health care cost trend would have impacted the postretirement benefit obligation and service cost and interest cost of the Company’s postretirement benefit plan as follows:

 

In Thousands

   1%
Increase
     1%
Decrease
 

Increase (decrease) in:

     

Postretirement benefit obligation at December 29, 2013

   $ 7,830       $ (7,168

Service cost and interest cost in 2013

     578         (533

 

38


Table of Contents

New Accounting Pronouncements

Recently Adopted Pronouncements

In December 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued new guidance that is intended to enhance current disclosures on offsetting financial assets and liabilities. The new guidance requires an entity to disclose both gross and net information about financial instruments eligible for offset on the balance sheet and instruments and transactions subject to an agreement similar to a master netting arrangement. The provisions of the new guidance were effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning on or after January 1, 2013. The new guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In February 2013, the FASB issued new guidance which establishes new requirements for disclosing reclassifications of items out of accumulated other comprehensive income. The new guidance requires a company to report the effect of significant reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive income to the respective line items in net income or cross-reference to other disclosures for items not reclassified entirely to net income. The new guidance was effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2012. The new guidance expands disclosure of other comprehensive income but does not change the manner in which items of other comprehensive income are accounted for or the way in which net income or other comprehensive income is reported in the financial statements. The Company elected to report this information within the notes to the consolidated financial statements.

Recently Issued Pronouncements

In July 2013, the FASB issued new guidance on the financial statement presentation of an unrecognized tax benefit when a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward exists. The provisions of the new guidance are effective for the fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2013 with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the requirements of this new guidance to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

39


Table of Contents

Results of Operations

2013 Compared to 2012

A summary of the Company’s financial results for 2013 and 2012 follows:

 

     Fiscal Year              

In Thousands (Except Per Share Data)

   2013      2012     Change     % Change  

Net sales

   $ 1,641,331 (1)     $ 1,614,433      $ 26,898        1.7   

Gross margin

     658,640 (1)(2)       654,309 (7)      4,331        0.7   

S,D&A expenses

     584,993 (3)       565,623        19,370        3.4   

Interest expense, net

     29,403         35,338        (5,935     (16.8

Income before taxes

     44,244         53,348        (9,104     (17.1

Income tax expense

     12,142 (4)(5)(6)       21,889 (8)      (9,747     (44.5

Net income

     32,102 (1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)       31,459 (7)(8)      643        2.0   

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

     4,427         4,242        185        4.4   

Net income attributable to Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated

     27,675 (1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)       27,217 (7)(8)      458        1.7   

Basic net income per share:

         

Common Stock

   $ 2.99       $ 2.95      $ .04        1.4   

Class B Common Stock

   $ 2.99       $ 2.95      $ .04        1.4   

Diluted net income per share:

         

Common Stock

   $ 2.98       $ 2.94      $ .04        1.4   

Class B Common Stock

   $ 2.97       $ 2.92      $ .05        1.7   

 

(1) Results in 2013 included a favorable adjustment of $3.1 million (pre-tax), or $1.9 million after tax, related to a refund of 2012 cooperative trade marketing funds paid by the Company to The Coca-Cola Company that were not spent in 2012, which was reflected as an increase in net sales.

 

(2) Results in 2013 included an unfavorable mark-to-market adjustment of $0.5 million (pre-tax), or $0.3 million after tax, related to the Company’s commodity hedging program, which was reflected as an increase to cost of sales.

 

(3) Results in 2013 included a $12.0 million (pre-tax), or $7.3 million after tax, noncash settlement charge related to a voluntary lump-sum pension distribution, which was reflected as an increase in S,D&A expenses.

 

(4) Results in 2013 included a credit of $0.4 million related to the American Taxpayer Relief Act, which was reflected as a decrease to income tax expense.

 

(5) Results in 2013 included a credit of $2.3 million related to state tax legislation enacted during 2013, which was reflected as a decrease to income tax expense.

 

(6) Results in 2013 included a credit of $0.9 million related to the reduction of the Company’s liability for uncertain tax positions primarily due to the expiration of the applicable statute of limitations, which was reflected as a decrease to income tax expense.

 

(7) Results in 2012 included a favorable mark-to-market adjustment of $0.5 million (pre-tax), or $0.3 million after tax, related to the Company’s commodity hedging program which was reflected as a decrease in cost of sales.

 

(8) Results in 2012 included a debit of $1.5 million related to the increase of the valuation allowance for certain deferred tax assets which was reflected as an increase to income tax expense.

 

40


Table of Contents

Net Sales

Net sales increased $26.9 million, or 1.7%, to $1.64 billion in 2013 compared to $1.61 billion in 2012.

This increase in net sales was principally attributable to the following:

 

Amount

   

Attributable to:

(In Millions)      
$ 15.2      10.0% increase in sales volume to other Coca-Cola bottlers primarily due to volume increases in sparkling can beverages
  12.7      1.0% increase in bottle/can sales price per unit to retail customers primarily due to an increase in sales price per unit in sparkling beverages, excluding energy products
  (12.0   0.9% decrease in bottle/can volume to retail customers primarily due to a volume decrease in sparkling beverages, excluding energy products
  5.3      Increase in freight revenue
  3.1      Refund of 2012 cooperative trade marketing funds paid to The Coca-Cola Company based on updated information related to collective marketing funds paid by the Company and other non-related bottlers maintained by The Coca-Cola Company that was not available until the third quarter of 2013. The amount previously paid and expensed by the Company was in accordance with the agreed upon contractual rate and the refund represented a change in estimate.
  (2.9   3.5% decrease in post-mix sales volume
  1.6      2.0% increase in post-mix sales price per unit
  1.1      Increase in data analysis and consulting services
  (1.1   0.7% decrease in sales price per unit of sales to other Coca-Cola bottlers primarily due to an increase in sparkling beverage sales volume which has a lower sales price per unit than still beverages
  3.9      Other

 

 

   
$ 26.9      Total increase in net sales

 

 

   

The Company’s bottle/can volume decrease was impacted by cooler and wetter than normal weather in most of the Company’s territories during the first and second quarters of 2013. The Company’s sales volume increase to other Coca-Cola bottlers was primarily due to the closing of a can production facility by another bottler; the Company replaced part of the closed facility’s production.

In 2013, the Company’s bottle/can sales to retail customers accounted for 80% of the Company’s total net sales. Bottle/can net pricing is based on the invoice price charged to customers reduced by promotional allowances. Bottle/can net pricing per unit is impacted by the price charged per package, the volume generated in each package and the channels in which those packages are sold.

Product category sales volume in 2013 and 2012 as a percentage of total bottle/can sales volume and the percentage change by product category were as follows:

 

      Bottle/Can Sales
Volume
    Bottle/Can Sales Volume
% Increase (Decrease)
 

Product Category

   2013     2012    

Sparkling beverages (including energy products)

     81.3     82.8     (2.8

Still beverages

     18.7     17.2     8.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total bottle/can volume

     100.0     100.0     (0.9
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

41


Table of Contents

The Company’s products are sold and distributed through various channels. They include selling directly to retail stores and other outlets such as food markets, institutional accounts and vending machine outlets. During 2013, approximately 68% of the Company’s bottle/can volume was sold for future consumption, while the remaining bottle/can volume of approximately 32% was sold for immediate consumption. The Company’s largest customer, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., accounted for approximately 21% of the Company’s total bottle/can volume and approximately 15% of the Company’s total net sales during 2013. The Company’s second largest customer, Food Lion, LLC, accounted for approximately 8% of the Company’s total bottle/can volume and approximately 6% of the Company’s total net sales during 2013. All of the Company’s beverage sales are to customers in the United States.

The Company recorded delivery fees in net sales of $6.3 million in 2013 and $7.0 million in 2012. These fees are used to offset a portion of the Company’s delivery and handling costs.

Cost of Sales

Cost of sales includes the following: raw material costs, manufacturing labor, manufacturing overhead including depreciation expense, manufacturing warehousing costs and shipping and handling costs related to the movement of finished goods from manufacturing locations to sales distribution centers.

Cost of sales increased 2.4%, or $22.6 million, to $982.7 million in 2013 compared to $960.1 million in 2012.

This increase in cost of sales was principally attributable to the following:

 

Amount

   

Attributable to:

(In Millions)      
  $14.6      10.0% increase in sales volume to other Coca-Cola bottlers primarily due to volume increases in sparkling can beverages
  7.8      Increases in raw material costs and increased purchases of finished products
  (7.1   0.9% decrease in bottle/can volume to retail customers primarily due to a volume decrease in sparkling beverages, excluding energy products
  4.0      Increase in freight cost of sales
  (2.0   3.5% decrease in post-mix sales volume
  1.9      Decrease in marketing funding support received primarily from The Coca-Cola Company
  1.4      Increase in cost due to the Company’s commodity hedging program
  (1.2   Decrease in per unit cost of sales to other Coca-Cola bottlers primarily due to an increase in sparkling can sales volume which has a lower cost per unit than still beverages
  3.2      Other

 

 

   
  $22.6      Total increase in cost of sales

 

 

   

The following inputs represent a substantial portion of the Company’s total cost of goods sold: (1) sweeteners, (2) packaging materials, including plastic bottles and aluminum cans, and (3) finished products purchased from other vendors. The Company anticipates that the cost of some of the underlying commodities related to these inputs will have a smaller increase in 2014 compared to 2013.

Since 2008, the Company has been purchasing concentrate from The Coca-Cola Company for all sparkling beverages for which the Company purchases concentrate from The Coca-Cola Company under an incidence-based pricing arrangement and has not purchased concentrates at standard concentrate prices as was the Company’s practice in prior years. During the two-year term of a new incidence-based pricing agreement that the Company entered into with The Coca-Cola Company in December 2013 that began January 1, 2014 and will end on December 31, 2015, the pricing of such concentrate will continue to be governed by the incidence-based

 

42


Table of Contents

pricing model rather than the other agreements that the Company has with The Coca-Cola Company. Under the incidence-based pricing model, the concentrate price The Coca-Cola Company charges is impacted by a number of factors, including the incidence rate in effect, the Company’s pricing and sales of finished products, the channels in which the finished products are sold and package mix.

The Company relies extensively on advertising and sales promotion in the marketing of its products. The Coca-Cola Company and other beverage companies that supply concentrates, syrups and finished products to the Company make substantial marketing and advertising expenditures to promote sales in the local territories served by the Company. The Company also benefits from national advertising programs conducted by The Coca-Cola Company and other beverage companies. Certain of the marketing expenditures by The Coca-Cola Company and other beverage companies are made pursuant to annual arrangements. Although The Coca-Cola Company has advised the Company that it intends to continue to provide marketing funding support, it is not obligated to do so under the Company’s Beverage Agreements. Significant decreases in marketing funding support from The Coca-Cola Company or other beverage companies could adversely impact operating results of the Company in the future.

Total marketing funding support from The Coca-Cola Company and other beverage companies, which includes direct payments to the Company in 2013 and includes direct payments to the Company and payments to the Company’s customers for marketing programs in 2012, was $51.7 million in 2013 compared to $53.6 million in 2012.

Gross Margin

Gross margin dollars increased 0.7%, or $4.3 million, to $658.6 million in 2013 compared to $654.3 million in 2012. Gross margin as a percentage of net sales decreased to 40.1% in 2013 from 40.5% in 2012.

 

43


Table of Contents

This increase in gross margin was principally attributable to the following:

 

Amount

   

Attributable to:

(In Millions)      
$ 12.7      1.0% increase in bottle/can sales price per unit to retail customers primarily due to an increase in sales price per unit in sparkling beverages, excluding energy products
  (7.8   Increases in raw material costs and increased purchases of finished products
  (4.9   0.9% decrease in bottle/can volume to retail customers primarily due to a volume decrease in sparkling beverages, excluding energy products
  3.1      Refund of 2012 cooperative trade marketing funds paid to The Coca-Cola Company based on updated information related to collective marketing funds paid by the Company and other non-related bottlers maintained by The Coca-Cola Company that was not available until the third quarter of 2013. The amount previously paid and expensed by the Company was in accordance with the agreed upon contractual rate and the refund represented a change in estimate.
  (1.9   Decrease in marketing funding support received primarily from The Coca-Cola Company
  1.6      2.0% increase in post-mix sales price per unit
  (1.4   Increase in cost due to the Company’s commodity hedging program
  1.2      Decrease in per unit cost of sales to other Coca-Cola bottlers primarily due to an increase in sparkling can sales volume which has a lower cost per unit than still beverages
  1.3      Increase in freight gross margin
  1.1      Increase in data analysis and consulting services
  (1.1   0.7% decrease in sales price per unit of sales to other Coca-Cola bottlers primarily due to an increase in sparkling beverage sales volume which has a lower sales price per unit than still beverages
  (0.9   3.5% decrease in post-mix sales volume
  0.6      10.0% increase in sales volume to other Coca-Cola bottlers primarily due to volume increases in sparkling can beverages
  0.7      Other

 

 

   
$ 4.3      Total increase in gross margin

 

 

   

The decrease in gross margin percentage was primarily due to higher sales volume to other Coca-Cola bottlers which has lower gross margin than bottle/can retail sales, an increase in raw material costs and increased purchases of finished products partially offset by higher sales price per unit for sales to retail customers and the refund of the 2012 cooperative trade marketing funds.

The Company’s gross margins may not be comparable to other peer companies, since some of them include all costs related to their distribution network in cost of sales. The Company includes a portion of these costs in S,D&A expenses.

S,D&A Expenses

S,D&A expenses include the following: sales management labor costs, distribution costs from sales distribution centers to customer locations, sales distribution center warehouse costs, depreciation expense related to sales centers, delivery vehicles and cold drink equipment, point-of-sale expenses, advertising expenses, cold

 

44


Table of Contents

drink equipment repair costs, amortization of intangibles and administrative support labor and operating costs such as treasury, legal, information services, accounting, internal control services, human resources and executive management costs.

S,D&A expenses increased by $19.4 million, or 3.4%, to $585.0 million in 2013 from $565.6 million in 2012. S,D&A expenses as a percentage of sales increased to 35.6% in 2013 from 35.0% in 2012.

This increase in S,D&A expenses was principally attributable to the following:

 

Amount

   

Attributable to:

(In Millions)      
$ 12.0      Increase due to loss recorded for voluntary lump-sum pension settlement
  3.8      Increase in employee salaries excluding bonus and incentives due to normal salary increases and separation payments
  2.2      Increase in bonus expense, incentive expense and other performance pay initiatives due to the Company’s financial performance
  (1.8   Decrease in depreciation and amortization of property, plant and equipment primarily due to the change in the useful lives of certain vending equipment
  1.5      Increase in employee benefit costs primarily due to increased medical insurance expense offset by decreased pension expense, excluding the lump-sum pension settlement
  1.3      Increase in professional fees primarily due to the due diligence for territory expansion
  (1.0   Decrease in marketing expense primarily due to reduced spending on marketing promotional items
  1.4      Other

 

 

   
$ 19.4      Total increase in S,D&A expenses

 

 

   

Shipping and handling costs related to the movement of finished goods from manufacturing locations to sales distribution centers are included in cost of sales. Shipping and handling costs related to the movement of finished goods from sales distribution centers to customer locations are included in S,D&A expenses and totaled $201.0 million and $200.0 million in 2013 and 2012, respectively.

The Company’s expense recorded in S,D&A expenses related to the two Company-sponsored pension plans was $1.3 million and $2.5 million in 2013 and 2012, respectively, excluding the $12.0 million lump-sum settlement charge.

The Company provides a 401(k) Savings Plan for substantially all of the Company’s full-time employees who are not covered by a collective bargaining agreement. During 2012, the Company changed the Company’s 401(k) Savings Plan matching contribution from fixed to discretionary, maintaining the option to make matching contributions for eligible participants of up to 5% based on the Company’s financial results for 2012 and future years. The 5% matching contribution was accrued during both 2013 and 2012. Based on the Company’s financial results, the Company decided to match 5% of eligible participants’ contributions for both 2013 and 2012. The Company made these contribution payments for 2013 and 2012 in the first quarter of 2014 and 2013, respectively. The total expense for this benefit recorded in S,D&A expenses was $7.3 million and $7.2 million in 2013 and 2012, respectively.

For 2014, the Company has decided to match the first 3.5% of participants’ contributions while maintaining the option to increase the matching contributions an additional 1.5%, for a total of 5%, for the Company’s employees based on the financial results for 2014.

Interest Expense

Net interest expense decreased 16.8%, or $5.9 million in 2013 compared to 2012. The decrease was primarily due to the repayment at maturity of $150 million of Senior Notes in November 2012. The Company’s overall weighted average interest rate on its debt and capital lease obligations decreased to 5.8% during 2013 from 6.1% during 2012.

 

45


Table of Contents

Income Taxes

The Company’s effective tax rate, as calculated by dividing income tax expense by income before income taxes, for 2013 and 2012 was 27.4% and 41.0%, respectively. The decrease in the effective tax rate for 2013 resulted primarily from state tax legislation enacted in 2013 that reduced the corporate tax rate, the American Taxpayer Relief Act enacted on January 2, 2013, a decrease in the liability for uncertain tax positions and lower pre-tax income in 2013 as compared to 2012. The Company’s effective tax rate, as calculated by dividing income tax expense by income before income taxes less net income attributable to noncontrolling interest, for 2013 and 2012 was 30.5% and 44.6%, respectively.

The Company increased its valuation allowance by $0.3 million in 2013. The net effect was an increase in income tax expense due primarily to the Company’s assessment of its ability to use certain net operating loss carryforwards. In 2012, the Company increased its liability for uncertain tax positions by $.8 million resulting in an increase to income tax expense. See Note 14 to the consolidated financial statements for additional information.

On September 13, 2013, the Internal Revenue Service and the United States Treasury Department issued final tax regulations that provide guidance regarding the deduction and capitalization of expenditures related to tangible property. The Company does not expect these final tax regulations to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

The Company’s income tax assets and liabilities are subject to adjustment in future periods based on the Company’s ongoing evaluations of such assets and liabilities and new information that becomes available to the Company.

Noncontrolling Interest

The Company recorded net income attributable to noncontrolling interest of $4.4 million in 2013 compared to $4.2 million in 2012 primarily related to the portion of Piedmont owned by The Coca-Cola Company.

2012 Compared to 2011

A summary of the Company’s financial results for 2012 and 2011 follows:

 

     Fiscal Year              

In Thousands (Except Per Share Data)

   2012     2011     Change     % Change  

Net sales

   $ 1,614,433      $ 1,561,239      $ 53,194        3.4   

Gross margin

     654,309 (1)      629,243 (3)      25,066        4.0   

S,D&A expenses

     565,623        541,713 (4)      23,910        4.4   

Interest expense, net

     35,338        35,979        (641     (1.8

Income before taxes

     53,348        51,551        1,797        3.5   

Income tax expense

     21,889 (2)      19,528 (5)      2,361        12.1   

Net income

     31,459 (1)(2)      32,023 (3)(4)(5)      (564     (1.8

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

     4,242        3,415        827        24.2   

Net income attributable to Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated

     27,217 (1)(2)      28,608 (3)(4)(5)      (1,391     (4.9

Basic net income per share:

        

Common Stock

   $ 2.95      $ 3.11      $ (.16     (5.1

Class B Common Stock

   $ 2.95      $ 3.11      $ (.16     (5.1

Diluted net income per share:

        

Common Stock

   $ 2.94      $ 3.09      $ (.15     (4.9

Class B Common Stock

   $ 2.92      $ 3.08      $ (.16     (5.2

 

46


Table of Contents
(1) Results in 2012 included a favorable mark-to-market adjustment of $0.5 million (pre-tax), or $0.3 million after tax, related to the Company’s commodity hedging program which was reflected as a decrease in cost of sales.

 

(2) Results in 2012 included a debit of $1.5 million related to the increase of the valuation allowance for certain deferred tax assets which was reflected as an increase to income tax expense.

 

(3) Results in 2011 included an unfavorable mark-to-market adjustment of $6.7 million (pre-tax), or $4.0 million after tax, related to the Company’s commodity hedging program, which was reflected as an increase in cost of sales.

 

(4) Results in 2011 included an unfavorable mark-to market adjustment of $0.2 million (pre-tax), or $0.1 million after tax, related to the Company’s commodity hedging program, which was reflected as an increase in S,D&A expenses.

 

(5) Results in 2011 included a credit of $0.9 million related to the reduction of the Company’s liability for uncertain tax positions primarily due to the expiration of applicable statute of limitations, which was reflected as a reduction to income tax expense.

Net Sales

Net sales increased $53.2 million, or 3.4%, to $1.61 billion in 2012 compared to $1.56 billion in 2011.

This increase in net sales was principally attributable to the following:

 

Amount

   

Attributable to:

(In Millions)      
$ 22.3      1.7% increase in bottle/can sales price per unit to retail customers primarily due to an increase in sales price per unit in sparkling beverages, excluding energy products
  12.9      1.0% increase in bottle/can volume to retail customers primarily due to a volume increase in still beverages
  6.5      4.4% increase in sales price per unit of sales to other Coca-Cola bottlers primarily due to an increase in sales price per unit in all product categories
  5.2      Increase in sales of the Company’s own brand portfolio (primarily Tum-E Yummies)
  (4.4   2.9% decrease in sales volume to other Coca-Cola bottlers primarily due to volume decreases in sparkling beverages
  3.0      3.6% increase in post-mix sales price per unit
  2.6      Increase in data analysis and consulting services
  1.9      2.3% increase in post-mix sales volume
  1.8      Increase in supply chain and logistics solutions consulting
  1.4      Other

 

 

   
$ 53.2      Total increase in net sales

 

 

   

In 2012, the Company’s bottle/can sales to retail customers accounted for 81.0% of total net sales. Bottle/can net pricing is based on the invoice price charged to customers reduced by promotional allowances. Bottle/can net pricing per unit is impacted by the price charged per package, the volume generated in each package and the channels in which those packages are sold.

 

47


Table of Contents

Product category sales volume in 2012 and 2011 as a percentage of total bottle/can sales volume and the percentage change by product category were as follows:

 

      Bottle/Can
Sales Volume
    Bottle/Can Sales  Volume
% Increase (Decrease)
 

Product Category

   2012     2011    

Sparkling beverages (including energy products)

     82.8     84.1     (0.5

Still beverages

     17.2     15.9     9.1   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total bottle/can volume

     100.0     100.0     1.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

The Company’s products are sold and distributed through various channels. They include selling directly to retail stores and other outlets such as food markets, institutional accounts and vending machine outlets. During 2012, approximately 68% of the Company’s bottle/can volume was sold for future consumption, while the remaining bottle/can volume of approximately 32% was sold for immediate consumption. The Company’s largest customer, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., accounted for approximately 22% of the Company’s total bottle/can volume and approximately 15% of the Company’s total net sales during 2012. The Company’s second largest customer, Food Lion, LLC, accounted for approximately 8% of the Company’s total bottle/can volume and approximately 6% of the Company’s total net sales during 2012. All of the Company’s beverage sales are to customers in the United States.

The Company recorded delivery fees in net sales of $7.0 million in 2012 and $7.1 million in 2011. These fees are used to offset a portion of the Company’s delivery and handling costs.

Cost of Sales

Cost of sales increased 3.0%, or $28.1 million, to $960.1 million in 2012 compared to $932.0 million in 2011.

This increase in cost of sales was principally attributable to the following:

 

Amount

   

Attributable to:

(In Millions)      
$ 22.1      Increases in raw material costs and increased purchases of finished products
  7.6      1.0% increase in bottle/can volume to retail customers primarily due to a volume increase in still beverages
  3.9      Decrease in marketing funding support received primarily from The Coca-Cola Company
  (4.3   2.9% decrease in sales volume to other Coca-Cola bottlers primarily due to volume decreases in sparkling beverages
  (2.8   Decrease in cost due to the Company’s commodity hedging program
  2.2      Increase in sales of the Company’s own brand portfolio (primarily Tum-E Yummies)
  1.3      2.3% increase in post-mix sales volume
  (1.9   Other

 

 

   
$ 28.1      Total increase in cost of sales

 

 

   

Total marketing funding support from The Coca-Cola Company and other beverage companies, which includes direct payments to the Company and payments to the Company’s customers for marketing programs, was $53.6 million in 2012 compared to $57.5 million in 2011.

Gross Margin

Gross margin dollars increased 4.0%, or $25.1 million, to $654.3 million in 2012 compared to $629.2 million in 2011. Gross margin as a percentage of net sales increased to 40.5% in 2012 from 40.3% in 2011.

 

48


Table of Contents

This increase in gross margin was principally attributable to the following:

 

Amount

   

Attributable to:

(In Millions)      
$ 22.3      1.7% increase in bottle/can sales price per unit to retail customers primarily due to an increase in sales price per unit in sparkling beverages, excluding energy products
  (22.1   Increases in raw material costs and increased purchases of finished products
  6.5      4.4% increase in sales price per unit of sales to other Coca-Cola bottlers primarily due to an increase in sales price per unit in all product categories
  5.3      1.0% increase in bottle/can volume to retail customers primarily due to a volume increase in still beverages
  (3.9   Decrease in marketing funding support received primarily from The Coca-Cola Company
  3.0      Increase in sales of the Company’s own brand portfolio (primarily Tum-E Yummies)
  3.0      3.6% increase in post-mix sales price per unit
  2.8      Decrease in cost due to the Company’s commodity hedging program
  2.6      Increase in data analysis and consulting services
  1.8      Increase in supply chain and logistics solutions consulting
  0.6      2.3% increase in post-mix sales volume
  (0.1   2.9% decrease in sales volume to other Coca-Cola bottlers primarily due to volume decreases in sparkling beverages
  3.3      Other

 

 

   
$ 25.1      Total increase in gross margin

 

 

   

The increase in gross margin percentage was primarily due to higher sales price per unit for bottle/can volume and lower sales volume to other Coca-Cola bottlers which have a lower gross margin percentage partially offset by higher costs of raw materials and increased purchases of finished products.

The Company’s gross margins may not be comparable to other peer companies, since some of them include all costs related to their distribution network in cost of sales. The Company includes a portion of these costs in S,D&A expenses.

S,D&A Expenses

S,D&A expenses increased by $23.9 million, or 4.4%, to $565.6 million in 2012 from $541.7 million in 2011. S,D&A expenses as a percentage of sales increased to 35.0% in 2012 from 34.7% in 2011.

 

49


Table of Contents

This increase in S,D&A expenses was principally attributable to the following:

 

Amount

    

Attributable to:

(In Millions)       
  $8.6       Increase in employee salaries including bonus and incentives due to normal salary increases and additional personnel
  3.7       Increase in employee benefit costs primarily due to increased medical insurance (active and retiree) offset by decreased 401(k) match expense
  2.7       Increase in marketing expense primarily due to various marketing programs
  2.4       Increase in professional and consulting expense
  1.3       Increase in software amortization (continued investment in technology)
  1.0       Increase in communication expense (primarily data)
  0.8       Increase in employer payroll taxes
  0.7       Increase in property and casualty insurance expense primarily due to an increase in workers’ compensation claims
  2.7       Other

 

 

    
  $23.9       Total increase in S,D&A expenses

 

 

    

Shipping and handling costs related to the movement of finished goods from manufacturing locations to sales distribution centers are included in cost of sales. Shipping and handling costs related to the movement of finished goods from sales distribution centers to customer locations are included in S,D&A expenses and totaled $200.0 million and $191.9 million in 2012 and 2011, respectively.

The net impact of the Company’s commodity hedging program on S,D&A expenses was an increase of $0.6 million in 2011. There was no impact on S,D&A expenses in 2012.

The Company’s expense recorded in S,D&A expenses related to the two Company-sponsored pension plans was $2.5 million in both 2012 and 2011.

The Company provides a 401(k) Savings Plan for substantially all of the Company’s full-time employees who are not covered by a collective bargaining agreement. The Company matched the first 3% of participants’ contributions for 2011 while maintaining the option to increase the matching contributions an additional 2%, for a total of 5%, for the Company’s employees based on the financial results for 2011. The 2% matching contributions were accrued during 2011 for a total accrual of $2.8 million. Based on the Company’s financial results, the Company decided to increase the matching contributions for the additional 2% for the entire year of 2011. The Company made this additional contribution payment for 2011 in the first quarter of 2012. During the first quarter of 2012, the Company decided to change the Company’s matching from fixed to discretionary and no longer match the first 3% of participants’ contributions while maintaining the option to make matching contributions for eligible participants of up to 5% based on the Company’s financial results for 2012 and future years. The 5% matching contributions were accrued (less 3% matching contributions paid in the first quarter of 2012) during 2012 for a total accrual of $7.7 million. Based on the Company’s financial results, the Company decided to make matching contributions of 5% of participants’ contributions for the entire year of 2012. The Company made this contribution payment for 2012 in the first quarter of 2013. The total expense for this benefit recorded in S,D&A expenses was $7.2 million and $7.5 million in 2012 and 2011, respectively.

Interest Expense

Net interest expense decreased 1.8%, or $0.6 million in 2012 compared to 2011. The decrease was primarily due to the repayment at maturity of $150 million of Senior Notes in November 2012. This was partially offset by the Company entering into two new capital leases in the first quarter of 2011. The Company’s overall weighted average interest rate on its debt and capital lease obligations increased to 6.1% during 2012 from 6.0% during 2011.

 

50


Table of Contents

Income Taxes

The Company’s effective tax rate, as calculated by dividing income tax expense by income before income taxes, for 2012 and 2011 was 41.0% and 37.9%, respectively. The increase in the effective tax rate for 2012 resulted primarily from an increase in the liability for uncertain tax positions and an increase to the valuation allowance in 2012 as compared to 2011. The Company’s effective tax rate, as calculated by dividing income tax expense by income before income taxes less net income attributable to noncontrolling interest, for 2012 and 2011 was 44.6% and 40.6%, respectively.

The Company increased its valuation allowance by $1.8 million for 2012. The net effect was an increase in income tax expense due primarily to the Company’s assessment of its ability to use certain net operating loss carryforwards. In 2012, the Company increased its liability for uncertain tax positions by $0.8 million resulting in an increase to income tax expense. In 2011, the Company reduced its liability for uncertain tax positions by $0.2 million resulting in a decrease to income tax expense. See Note 14 to the consolidated financial statements for additional information.

Noncontrolling Interest

The Company recorded net income attributable to noncontrolling interest of $4.2 million in 2012 compared to $3.4 million in 2011 primarily related to the portion of Piedmont owned by The Coca-Cola Company.

Financial Condition

Total assets were unchanged at $1.28 billion at both December 29, 2013 and December 30, 2012.

Net working capital, defined as current assets less current liabilities, increased by $5.4 million to $30.4 million at December 29, 2013 from $25.0 million at December 30, 2012.

Significant changes in net working capital from December 30, 2012 to December 29, 2013 were as follows:

 

   

An increase in accounts receivable from The Coca-Cola Company and a decrease in accounts payable to The Coca-Cola Company of $2.3 million and $2.0 million, respectively, primarily due to the timing of payments.

 

   

A decrease in prepaid expenses and other current assets of $6.2 million primarily due to a reduction of current tax assets.

 

   

A decrease in accounts payable, trade of $8.1 million primarily due to the timing of payments.

Debt and capital lease obligations were $463.6 million as of December 29, 2013 compared to $493.0 million as of December 30, 2012. Debt and capital lease obligations as of December 29, 2013 and December 30, 2012 included $65.0 million and $69.6 million, respectively, of capital lease obligations related primarily to Company facilities.

Contributions to the Company’s pension plans were $7.3 million and $25.0 million in 2013 and 2012, respectively. The Company anticipates that contributions to the principal Company-sponsored pension plan in 2014 will be in the range of $4 million to $10 million.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Capital Resources

The Company’s sources of capital include cash flows from operations, available credit facilities and the issuance of debt and equity securities. Management believes the Company has sufficient financial resources available to finance its business plan, meet its working capital requirements and maintain an appropriate level of capital spending for at least the next 12 months. The amount and frequency of future dividends will be determined by the Company’s Board of Directors in light of the earnings and financial condition of the Company at such time, and no assurance can be given that dividends will be declared or paid in the future.

 

51


Table of Contents

As of December 29, 2013, the Company had $195.0 million available under the $200 million facility to meet its cash requirements. The $200 million facility has a scheduled maturity date of September 21, 2016 and up to $25 million is available for the issuance of letters of credit. Borrowings under the agreement bear interest at a floating base rate or a floating Eurodollar rate plus an interest rate spread, dependent on the Company’s credit rating at the time of borrowing. The Company must pay an annual facility fee of .175% of the lenders’ aggregate commitments under the facility. The $200 million facility contains two financial covenants: a cash flow/fixed charges ratio (“fixed charges coverage ratio”) and funded indebtedness/cash flow ratio (“operating cash flow ratio”), each as defined in the credit agreement. The fixed charges coverage ratio requires the Company to maintain a consolidated cash flow to fixed charges ratio of 1.5 to 1.0 or higher. The operating cash flow ratio requires the Company to maintain a debt to operating cash flow ratio of 6.0 to 1.0 or lower. The Company is currently in compliance with these covenants. These covenants do not currently, and the Company does not anticipate they will, restrict its liquidity or capital resources. On September 4, 2013, the Company entered into an amendment to its $200 million facility. The amendment clarified that the noncash charge incurred by the Company in the fourth quarter of 2013 as a result of the Company’s limited-time offer of a lump-sum distribution of pension benefits to certain pension plan participants would be excluded from the calculation of the financial covenants described above to the extent that the noncash charge was recognized on or before December 31, 2013 and did not exceed $12.0 million. See Note 17 to the consolidated financial statements for additional information on the limited-time pension distribution. The Company currently believes that all of the banks participating in the Company’s $200 million facility have the ability to and will meet any funding requests from the Company.

On February 10, 2010, the Company entered into an agreement for an uncommitted line of credit. Under this agreement, which is still in place, the Company may borrow up to a total of $20 million for periods of 7 days, 30 days, 60 days or 90 days at the discretion of the participating bank.

In November 2012, the Company used a combination of available cash on hand, borrowings on the uncommitted line of credit and borrowings under the $200 million facility to repay $150 million of senior notes.

The Company has obtained the majority of its long-term financing, other than capital leases, from public markets. As of December 29, 2013, $373.6 million of the Company’s total outstanding balance of debt and capital lease obligations of $463.6 million was financed through publicly offered debt. The Company had capital lease obligations of $65.0 million as of December 29, 2013. As of December 29, 2013, the Company had $5.0 million and $20.0 million outstanding on the $200 million facility and the Company’s uncommitted line of credit, respectively.

Cash Sources and Uses

The primary source of cash for the Company has been cash provided by operating activities. The primary uses of cash have been for capital expenditures, the payment of debt and capital lease obligations, dividend payments, income tax payments and contributions to the pension plans.

 

52


Table of Contents

A summary of cash activity for 2013 and 2012 follows:

 

     Fiscal Year  

In Millions

   2013      2012  

Cash sources

     

Cash provided by operating activities (excluding income tax and pension payments)

   $ 119.6       $ 122.3   

Proceeds from $200 million facility

     60.0         30.0   

Proceeds from uncommitted line of credit

             20.0   

Proceeds from the reduction of restricted cash

             3.0   

Proceeds from the sale of property, plant and equipment

     6.1         .7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total cash sources

   $ 185.7       $ 176.0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash uses

     

Payment of $150 million Senior Notes

   $       $ 150.0   

Capital expenditures

     61.4         53.3   

Payment on $200 million facility

     85.0           

Contributions to pension plans

     7.3         25.0   

Payment of capital lease obligations

     5.3         4.7   

Income tax payments

     15.9         14.1   

Dividends

     9.2         9.2   

Other

     0.2         0.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total cash uses

   $ 184.3       $ 256.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Increase (decrease) in cash

   $ 1.4       $ (80.4
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Based on current projections, which include a number of assumptions such as the Company’s pre-tax earnings, the Company anticipates its cash requirements for income taxes will be between $23 million and $30 million in 2014. This projection does not include any anticipated cash income tax requirements due to the proposed expansion of the Company’s franchise territory.

Operating Activities

During 2013, cash flow provided by operating activities increased $13.2 million compared to 2012. The increase was due to the net changes in accounts receivable from The Coca-Cola Company and accounts payable to The Coca-Cola Company of $8.3 million, a $4.2 million increase in 2013 compared to a $12.5 million increase in 2012. In 2013, the Company made lower contributions to the pension plans and lower interest payments. Contributions to pension plans decreased $17.7 million from $25.0 million in 2012 to $7.3 million in 2013. Interest payments decreased $6.9 million from $35.1 million in 2012 to $28.2 million in 2013. A $17.1 million decrease in deferred income taxes partially offset the increases. Deferred income taxes was a $7.1 million expense in 2012 compared to a $10.0 million credit in 2013.

Investing Activities

Additions to property, plant and equipment during 2013 were $54.2 million of which $7.2 million were accrued in accounts payable, trade as unpaid. This compared to $61.5 million in additions to property, plant and equipment during 2012 of which $14.4 million were accrued in accounts payable, trade as unpaid. Capital expenditures during 2013 were funded with cash flows from operations and available credit facilities. The Company anticipates that additions to property, plant and equipment in 2014 will be in the range of $80 million to $90 million. Leasing is used for certain capital additions when considered cost effective relative to other sources of capital. The Company currently leases its corporate headquarters, two production facilities and several sales distribution facilities and administrative facilities.

 

53


Table of Contents

Financing Activities

As of December 29, 2013, the Company had $195.0 million available under the $200 million facility to meet its short-term borrowing requirements. The $200 million facility has a scheduled maturity date of September 21, 2016 and up to $25 million is available for the issuance of letters of credit. Borrowings under the agreement will bear interest at a floating base rate or a floating Eurodollar rate plus an interest rate spread, dependent on the Company’s credit rating at the time of borrowing. The Company must pay an annual facility fee of .175% of the lenders’ aggregate commitments under the facility. The $200 million facility contains two financial covenants: a cash flow/fixed charges ratio (“fixed charges coverage ratio”) and funded indebtedness/cash flow ratio (“operating cash flow ratio”), each as defined in the credit agreement. The fixed charges coverage ratio requires the Company to maintain a consolidated cash flow to fixed charges ratio of 1.5 to 1.0 or higher. The operating cash flow ratio requires the Company to maintain a debt to operating cash flow ratio of 6.0 to 1.0 or lower. The Company is currently in compliance with these covenants. These covenants do not currently, and the Company does not anticipate they will, restrict its liquidity or capital resources.

On September 4, 2013, the Company entered into an amendment to its $200 million facility. The amendment clarified that the noncash charge incurred by the Company in the fourth quarter of 2013 as a result of the Company’s limited-time offer of a lump-sum distribution of pension benefits to certain pension plan participants would be excluded from the calculation of the financial covenants described above to the extent that the noncash charge was recognized on or before December 31, 2013 and did not exceed $12.0 million. See Note 17 to the consolidated financial statements for additional information on the limited-time pension distribution.

The Company currently believes that all of the banks participating in the Company’s $200 million facility have the ability to and will meet any funding requests from the Company. On December 29, 2013 the Company had $5.0 million of outstanding borrowings under the $200 million facility. On December 30, 2012, the Company had $30.0 million borrowings on the $200 million facility.

During 2013, the Company’s net borrowings under its $200 million facility decreased $25.0 million due to increased cash flow from operations available for repayments. During 2012, the Company’s net borrowings under the Company’s $200 million facility increased $30.0 million to repay senior notes as discussed below.

On February 10, 2010, the Company entered into an agreement for an uncommitted line of credit. Under this agreement, which is still in place, the Company may borrow up to a total of $20 million for periods of 7 days, 30 days, 60 days or 90 days at the discretion of the participating bank. On both December 29, 2013 and December 30, 2012, the Company had $20.0 million outstanding under the uncommitted line of credit.

As of December 29, 2013 and December 30, 2012, the Company had a weighted average interest rate of 6.2% and 5.9%, respectively, for its outstanding debt and capital lease obligations. The Company’s overall weighted average interest rate on its debt and capital lease obligations was 5.8%, 6.1% and 6.0% for 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. As of December 29, 2013, $25.0 million of the Company’s debt and capital lease obligations of $463.6 million were subject to changes in short-term interest rates.

In November 2012, the Company used a combination of available cash on hand, borrowings on the $20 million uncommitted line of credit and borrowings under the $200 million facility to repay $150 million of senior notes. The Company’s next maturity of outstanding long-term debt is the $100 million senior notes due April 2015.

All of the outstanding debt on the Company’s balance sheet has been issued by the Company with none having been issued by any of the Company’s subsidiaries. There are no guarantees of the Company’s debt. The Company or its subsidiaries have entered into nine capital leases.

At December 29, 2013, the Company’s credit ratings were as follows:

 

     Long-Term Debt  

Standard & Poor’s

     BBB   

Moody’s

     Baa2   

 

54


Table of Contents

The Company’s credit ratings, which the Company is disclosing to enhance understanding of the Company’s sources of liquidity and the effect of the Company’s ratings on the Company’s cost of funds, are reviewed periodically by the respective rating agencies. Changes in the Company’s operating results or financial position could result in changes in the Company’s credit ratings. Lower credit ratings could result in higher borrowing costs for the Company or reduced access to capital markets, which could have a material impact on the Company’s financial position or results of operations. There were no changes in these credit ratings from the prior year and the credit ratings are currently stable. Changes in the credit ratings of The Coca-Cola Company could adversely affect the Company’s credit ratings as well.

The indentures under which the Company’s public debt was issued do not include financial covenants but do limit the incurrence of certain liens and encumbrances as well as indebtedness by the Company’s subsidiaries in excess of certain amounts.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

The Company is a member of two manufacturing cooperatives and has guaranteed $29.3 million of debt for these entities as of December 29, 2013. In addition, the Company has an equity ownership in each of the entities. The members of both cooperatives consist solely of Coca-Cola bottlers. The Company does not anticipate either of these cooperatives will fail to fulfill its commitments. The Company further believes each of these cooperatives has sufficient assets, including production equipment, facilities and working capital, and the ability to adjust selling prices of its products to adequately mitigate the risk of material loss from the Company’s guarantees. As of December 29, 2013, the Company’s maximum exposure, if both of these cooperatives borrowed up to their aggregate borrowing capacity, would have been $70.9 million including the Company’s equity interest. See Note 13 and Note 18 of the consolidated financial statements for additional information.

Aggregate Contractual Obligations

The following table summarizes the Company’s contractual obligations and commercial commitments as of December 29, 2013:

 

     Payments Due by Period  

In Thousands

   Total      2014      2015-2016      2017-2018      2019 and
Thereafter
 

Contractual obligations:

              

Total debt, net of interest

   $ 398,566       $ 20,000       $ 269,757       $       $ 108,809   

Capital lease obligations,net of interest

     64,989         5,939         13,397         15,273         30,380   

Estimated interest on debt and capital lease obligations(1)

     89,022         25,965         35,926         20,557         6,574   

Purchase obligations(2)

     39,308         39,308                           

Other long-term liabilities(3)

     134,865         11,182         17,280         12,102         94,301   

Operating leases

     36,456         6,170         8,788         5,907         15,591   

Long-term contractual arrangements(4)

     39,060         10,480         14,438         8,047         6,095   

Postretirement obligations(5)

     67,840         2,682         6,183         7,739         51,236   

Purchase orders(6)

     49,587         49,587                           
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total contractual obligations

   $ 919,693       $ 171,313       $ 365,769       $ 69,625       $ 312,986   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Includes interest payments based on contractual terms.

 

(2) Represents an estimate of the Company’s obligation to purchase 17.5 million cases of finished product on an annual basis through May 2014 from South Atlantic Canners, a manufacturing cooperative.

 

(3) Includes obligations under executive benefit plans, the liability to exit from a multi-employer pension plan and other long-term liabilities.

 

55


Table of Contents
(4) Includes contractual arrangements with certain prestige properties, athletic venues and other locations, and other long-term marketing commitments.

 

(5) Includes the liability for postretirement benefit obligations only. The unfunded portion of the Company’s pension plan is excluded as the timing and/or amount of any cash payment is uncertain.

 

(6) Purchase orders include commitments in which a written purchase order has been issued to a vendor, but the goods have not been received or the services performed.

The Company has $2.8 million of uncertain tax positions including accrued interest, as of December 29, 2013 (excluded from other long-term liabilities in the table above because the Company is uncertain if or when such amounts will be recognized) all of which would affect the Company’s effective tax rate if recognized. While it is expected that the amount of uncertain tax positions may change in the next 12 months, the Company does not expect such change would have a significant impact on the consolidated financial statements. See Note 14 of the consolidated financial statements for additional information.

The Company is a member of Southeastern Container, a plastic bottle manufacturing cooperative, from which the Company is obligated to purchase at least 80% of its requirements of plastic bottles for certain designated territories. This obligation is not included in the Company’s table of contractual obligations and commercial commitments since there are no minimum purchase requirements. See Note 13 and Note 18 to the consolidated financial statements for additional information related to Southeastern.

As of December 29, 2013, the Company had $22.9 million of standby letters of credit, primarily related to its property and casualty insurance programs. See Note 13 of the consolidated financial statements for additional information related to commercial commitments, guarantees, legal and tax matters.

The Company contributed $7.3 million to its two Company-sponsored pension plans in 2013. Based on information currently available, the Company estimates it will be required to make cash contributions in 2014 in the range of $4 million to $10 million to those two plans. Postretirement medical care payments are expected to be approximately $2.7 million in 2014. See Note 17 to the consolidated financial statements for additional information related to pension and postretirement obligations.

Hedging Activities

Interest Rate Hedging

The Company uses derivatives from time to time to partially manage the Company’s exposure to changes in interest rates on outstanding debt instruments. The Company has not had interest rate swap agreements outstanding since September 2008.

Commodity Hedging

The Company entered into derivative instruments to hedge certain commodity purchases for 2013 and 2011. The Company paid fees for these instruments which were amortized over the corresponding period of the instrument. The Company accounts for its commodity hedges on a mark-to-market basis with any expense or income reflected as an adjustment of cost of sales or S,D&A expenses.

The Company uses several different financial institutions for commodity derivative instruments to minimize the concentration of credit risk. The Company has master agreements with the counterparties to its derivative financial agreements that provide for net settlement of derivative transactions.

The net impact of the commodity hedges was to increase the cost of sales by $0.9 million in 2013, decrease the cost of sales by $.5 million in 2012, increase the cost of sales by $2.3 million in 2011 and to increase S,D&A expenses by $.6 million in 2011.

In February 2014, the Company paid $0.9 million for agreements to hedge certain commodity costs for 2014. The notional amount of these agreements was $31.6 million.

 

56


Table of Contents

CAUTIONARY INFORMATION REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Annual Report on Form 10-K, as well as information included in future filings by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission and information contained in written material, press releases and oral statements issued by or on behalf of the Company, contains, or may contain, forward-looking management comments and other statements that reflect management’s current outlook for future periods. These statements include, among others, statements relating to:

 

   

the Company’s proposed expansion of the Company’s franchise territory;

 

   

the Company’s belief that the covenants on its $200 million facility will not restrict its liquidity or capital resources;

 

   

the Company’s belief that other parties to certain contractual arrangements will perform their obligations;

 

   

the Company’s potential marketing funding support from The Coca-Cola Company and other beverage companies;

 

   

the Company’s belief that the risk of loss with respect to funds deposited with banks is minimal;

 

   

the Company’s belief that disposition of certain claims and legal proceedings will not have a material adverse effect on its financial condition, cash flows or results of operations and that no material amount of loss in excess of recorded amounts is reasonably possible as a result of these claims and legal proceedings;

 

   

the Company’s belief that the Company has adequately provided for any ultimate amounts that are likely to result from tax audits;

 

   

the Company’s belief that the Company has sufficient resources available to finance its business plan, meet its working capital requirements and maintain an appropriate level of capital spending;

 

   

the Company’s belief that the cooperatives whose debt the Company guarantees have sufficient assets and the ability to adjust selling prices of their products to adequately mitigate the risk of material loss and that the cooperatives will perform their obligations under their debt commitments;

 

   

the Company’s belief that certain franchise rights are perpetual or will be renewed upon expiration;

 

   

the Company’s key priorities which are revenue management, product innovation and beverage portfolio expansion, distribution cost management and productivity;

 

   

the Company’s expectation that new product introductions, packaging changes and sales promotions will continue to require substantial expenditures;

 

   

the Company’s belief that there is substantial and effective competition in each of the exclusive geographic territories in the United States in which it operates for the purposes of the United States Soft Drink Interbrand Competition Act;

 

   

the Company’s belief that it may market and sell nationally certain products it has developed and owns;

 

   

the Company’s belief that cash requirements for income taxes will be in the range of $23 million to $30 million in 2014;

 

   

the Company’s anticipation that pension income related to the two Company-sponsored pension plans is estimated to be approximately $0.4 million in 2014;

 

   

the Company’s belief that cash contributions in 2014 to its two Company-sponsored pension plans will be in the range of $4 million to $10 million;

 

   

the Company’s belief that postretirement benefit payments are expected to be approximately $2.7 million in 2014;

 

   

the Company’s expectation that additions to property, plant and equipment in 2014 will be in the range of $80 million to $90 million;

 

57


Table of Contents
   

the Company’s belief that compliance with environmental laws will not have a material adverse effect on its capital expenditures, earnings or competitive position;

 

   

the Company’s belief that the majority of its deferred tax assets will be realized;

 

   

the Company’s intention to renew substantially all the Allied Beverage Agreements and Still Beverage Agreements as they expire;

 

   

the Company’s beliefs and estimates regarding the impact of the adoption of certain new accounting pronouncements;

 

   

the Company’s expectation that the costs of some of the underlying commodities to inputs to the Company’s total cost of sales will have a smaller increase for the remainder of 2014 compared to 2013;

 

   

the Company’s belief that innovation of new brands and packages will continue to be critical to the Company’s overall revenue;

 

   

the Company’s beliefs that the growth prospects of Company-owned or exclusive licensed brands appear promising and the cost of developing, marketing and distributing these brands may be significant;

 

   

the Company’s expectation that uncertain tax positions may change over the next 12 months but will not have a significant impact on the consolidated financial statements;

 

   

the Company’s belief that all of the banks participating in the Company’s $200 million facility have the ability to and will meet any funding requests from the Company;

 

   

the Company’s belief that it is competitive in its territories with respect to the principal methods of competition in the nonalcoholic beverage industry;

 

   

the Company’s hypothetical calculation of the impact of a 1% increase in interest rates on outstanding floating rate debt and capital lease obligations for the next twelve months as of December 29, 2013; and

 

   

the Company’s estimate that a 10% increase in the market price of certain commodities over the current market prices would cumulatively increase costs during the next 12 months by approximately $27 million assuming no change in volume.

These statements and expectations are based on currently available competitive, financial and economic data along with the Company’s operating plans, and are subject to future events and uncertainties that could cause anticipated events not to occur or actual results to differ materially from historical or anticipated results. Factors that could impact those differences or adversely affect future periods include, but are not limited to, the factors set forth under Item 1A. — Risk Factors.

Caution should be taken not to place undue reliance on the Company’s forward-looking statements, which reflect the expectations of management of the Company only as of the time such statements are made. The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

 

58


Table of Contents
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

The Company is exposed to certain market risks that arise in the ordinary course of business. The Company may enter into derivative financial instrument transactions to manage or reduce market risk. The Company does not enter into derivative financial instrument transactions for trading purposes. A discussion of the Company’s primary market risk exposure and interest rate risk is presented below.

Debt and Derivative Financial Instruments

The Company is subject to interest rate risk on its fixed and floating rate debt. The Company periodically uses interest rate hedging products to modify risk from interest rate fluctuations. The counterparties to these interest rate hedging arrangements are generally major financial institutions with which the Company also has other financial relationships. The Company did not have any interest rate hedging products as of December 29, 2013. As of December 29, 2013, $25.0 million of the Company’s debt and capital lease obligations of $463.6 million were subject to changes in short-term interest rates.

As it relates to the Company’s variable rate debt, assuming no changes in the Company’s financial structure, if market interest rates average 1% more over the next twelve months than the interest rates as of December 29, 2013, interest expense for the next twelve months would increase by approximately $.3 million. This amount was determined by calculating the effect of the hypothetical interest rate on our variable rate debt. This calculated, hypothetical increase in interest expense for the following twelve months may be different from the actual increase in interest expense from a 1% increase in interest rates due to varying interest rate reset dates on the Company’s floating rate debt.

Raw Material and Commodity Prices

The Company is also subject to commodity price risk arising from price movements for certain commodities included as part of its raw materials. The Company manages this commodity price risk in some cases by entering into contracts with adjustable prices. The Company periodically uses derivative commodity instruments in the management of this risk. The Company estimates that a 10% increase in the market prices of these commodities over the current market prices would cumulatively increase costs during the next 12 months by approximately $27 million assuming no change in volume.

In the third quarter of 2012, the Company entered into agreements to hedge a portion of the Company’s 2013 commodity purchases. The Company paid fees for these instruments which were amortized over the corresponding period of the instrument. The Company accounts for commodity hedges on a mark-to-market basis with any expense or income being reflected as an adjustment to cost of sales or selling, delivery and administrative (“S,D&A”) expenses. The agreements expired in 2013 and there were no outstanding commodity agreements as of December 29, 2013.

In February 2014, the Company paid $0.9 million for agreements to hedge commodity costs for 2014. The notional amount of these agreements was $31.6 million.

Effect of Changing Prices

The annual rate of inflation in the United States, as measured by year-over-year changes in the consumer price index, was 1.5% in 2013 compared to 1.7% in 2012 and 3.0% in 2011. Inflation in the prices of those commodities important to the Company’s business is reflected in changes in the consumer price index, but commodity prices are volatile and can and have in recent years increased at a faster rate than the rate of inflation as measured by the consumer price index.

The principal effect of inflation in both commodity and consumer prices on the Company’s operating results is to increase costs for both cost of sales and S,D&A expenses. Although the Company can offset these cost increases by increasing selling prices for its products, consumers may not have the buying power to cover those increased costs and may reduce their volume of purchases of those products. In that event, selling price increases may not be sufficient to offset completely the Company’s cost increases.

 

59


Table of Contents
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

In Thousands (Except Per Share Data)

 

     Fiscal Year  
      2013      2012      2011  

Net sales

   $ 1,641,331       $ 1,614,433       $ 1,561,239   

Cost of sales

     982,691         960,124         931,996   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Gross margin

     658,640         654,309         629,243   

Selling, delivery and administrative expenses

     584,993         565,623         541,713   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income from operations

     73,647         88,686         87,530   

Interest expense, net

     29,403         35,338         35,979   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income before taxes

     44,244         53,348         51,551   

Income tax expense

     12,142         21,889         19,528   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income

     32,102         31,459         32,023   

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

     4,427         4,242         3,415   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income attributable to Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated

   $ 27,675       $ 27,217       $ 28,608   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic net income per share based on net income attributable to Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated:

        

Common Stock

   $ 2.99       $ 2.95       $ 3.11   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average number of Common Stock shares outstanding

     7,141         7,141         7,141   

Class B Common Stock

   $ 2.99       $ 2.95       $ 3.11   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average number of Class B Common Stock shares outstanding

     2,105         2,085         2,063   

Diluted net income per share based on net income attributable to Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated:

        

Common Stock

   $ 2.98       $ 2.94       $ 3.09   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average number of Common Stock shares outstanding — assuming dilution

     9,286         9,266         9,244   

Class B Common Stock

   $ 2.97       $ 2.92       $ 3.08   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average number of Class B Common Stock shares outstanding — assuming dilution

     2,145         2,125         2,103   

See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

60


Table of Contents

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

In Thousands

 

     Fiscal Year  
     2013     2012     2011  

Net income

   $ 32,102      $ 31,459      $ 32,023   

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

      

Foreign currency translation adjustment

     (1     (1     2   

Defined benefit plans:

      

Actuarial gain (loss)

     33,379        (11,618     (12,967

Prior service costs

     (88     11        (1

Postretirement benefits plan:

      

Actuarial gain (loss)

     3,984        (1,181     (3,369

Prior service costs

     (924     (917     (1,041

Transition asset

     0        0        (11
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

     36,350        (13,706     (17,387
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

     68,452        17,753        14,636   

Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest

     4,427        4,242        3,415   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income attributable to Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated

   $ 64,025      $ 13,511      $ 11,221   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

61


Table of Contents

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

In Thousands (Except Share Data)

 

      Dec. 29,
2013
     Dec. 30,
2012
 

ASSETS

  

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 11,761       $ 10,399   

Accounts receivable, trade, less allowance for doubtful accounts
of $1,401 and $1,490, respectively

     105,610         103,524   

Accounts receivable from The Coca-Cola Company

     17,849         15,521   

Accounts receivable, other

     15,136         12,876   

Inventories

     61,987         65,924   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     26,872         33,068   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current assets

     239,215         241,312   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

     302,998         307,467   

Leased property under capital leases, net

     48,981         54,150   

Other assets

     58,560         53,801   

Franchise rights

     520,672         520,672   

Goodwill

     102,049         102,049   

Other identifiable intangible assets, net

     3,681         4,023   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,276,156       $ 1,283,474   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

62


Table of Contents

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

     Dec. 29,
2013
    Dec. 30,
2012
 

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

  

Current liabilities:

    

Current portion of debt

   $ 20,000      $ 20,000   

Current portion of obligations under capital leases

     5,939        5,230   

Accounts payable, trade

     43,579        51,651   

Accounts payable to The Coca-Cola Company

     25,869        27,830   

Other accrued liabilities

     77,622        75,113   

Accrued compensation

     31,753        32,428   

Accrued interest payable

     4,054        4,060   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     208,816        216,312   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Deferred income taxes

     153,408        140,965   

Pension and postretirement benefit obligations

     90,599        140,719   

Other liabilities

     125,791        118,303   

Obligations under capital leases

     59,050        64,351   

Long-term debt

     378,566        403,386   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     1,016,230        1,084,036   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commitments and Contingencies (Note 13)

    

Equity:

    

Convertible Preferred Stock, $100.00 par value:
Authorized-50,000 shares; Issued-None

    

Nonconvertible Preferred Stock, $100.00 par value:
Authorized-50,000 shares; Issued-None

    

Preferred Stock, $.01 par value:
Authorized-20,000,000 shares; Issued-None

    

Common Stock, $1.00 par value:
Authorized-30,000,000 shares; Issued-10,203,821 shares

     10,204        10,204   

Class B Common Stock, $1.00 par value:
Authorized-10,000,000 shares; Issued-2,737,076 and 2,716,956 shares, respectively

     2,735        2,715   

Class C Common Stock, $1.00 par value:
Authorized-20,000,000 shares; Issued-None

    

Capital in excess of par value

     108,942        107,681   

Retained earnings

     188,869        170,439   

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (58,176     (94,526
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     252,574        196,513   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Less-Treasury stock, at cost:

    

Common Stock-3,062,374 shares

     60,845        60,845   

Class B Common Stock-628,114 shares

     409        409   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity of Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated

     191,320        135,259   

Noncontrolling interest

     68,606        64,179   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity

     259,926        199,438   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 1,276,156      $ 1,283,474   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

63


Table of Contents

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

In Thousands

 

     Fiscal Year  
      2013     2012     2011  

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

      

Net income

   $ 32,102      $ 31,459      $ 32,023   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

      

Depreciation expense

     58,338        61,168        61,686   

Amortization of intangibles

     333        416        432   

Deferred income taxes

     (10,017     7,138        7,888   

Loss on sale of property, plant and equipment

     46        633        547   

Impairment of property, plant and equipment

     0        275        0   

Amortization of debt costs

     1,933        2,242        2,330   

Stock compensation expense

     2,919        2,623        2,342   

Amortization of deferred gains related to terminated interest rate agreements

     (549     (1,145     (1,221

Loss on voluntary pension settlement

     12,014        0        0   

(Increase) decrease in current assets less current liabilities

     843        (288     5,529   

Increase in other noncurrent assets

     (3,170     (5,087     (4,563

Increase (decrease) in other noncurrent liabilities

     1,569        (16,261     2,652   

Other

     13        (1     5   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total adjustments

     64,272        51,713        77,627   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     96,374        83,172        109,650   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

      

Additions to property, plant and equipment

     (61,432     (53,271     (53,156

Proceeds from the sale of property, plant and equipment

     6,136        701        1,772   

Change in restricted cash

     0        3,000        500   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (55,296     (49,570     (50,884
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

      

Proceeds from lines of credit

     0        20,000        0   

Borrowing under revolving credit facility

     60,000        30,000        0   

Payment on revolving credit facility

     (85,000     0        0   

Payment of debt

     0        (150,000     0   

Cash dividends paid

     (9,245     (9,224     (9,203

Excess tax expense/(benefit) from stock-based compensation

     (17     81        61   

Principal payments on capital lease obligations

     (5,307     (4,682     (3,839

Debt issuance costs paid

     0        0        (716

Other

     (147     (136     (183
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

     (39,716     (113,961     (13,880
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash

     1,362        (80,359     44,886   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash at beginning of year

     10,399        90,758        45,872   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash at end of year

   $ 11,761      $ 10,399      $ 90,758   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Significant noncash investing and financing activities

      

Issuance of Class B Common Stock in connection with stock award

   $ 1,298      $ 1,421      $ 1,327   

Capital lease obligations incurred

     714        209        18,632   

Additions to property, plant and equipment accrued and recorded in accounts payable, trade

     7,175        14,433        6,244   

See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

64


Table of Contents

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

In Thousands (Except Share Data)

 

     Common
Stock
    Class B
Common
Stock
    Capital in
Excess  of
Par

Value
    Retained
Earnings
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
    Treasury
Stock
    Total
Equity
of  CCBCC
    Noncontrolling
Interest
    Total
Equity
 

Balance on Jan. 2, 2011

  $ 10,204      $ 2,671      $ 104,835      $ 133,041      $ (63,433   $ (61,254   $ 126,064      $ 56,522      $ 182,586   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

          28,608            28,608        3,415        32,023   

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

            (17,387       (17,387       (17,387

Cash dividends paid
Common ($1.00 per share)

          (7,141         (7,141       (7,141

Class B Common ($1.00 per share)

          (2,062         (2,062       (2,062

Issuance of 22,320 shares of Class B Common Stock

      22        1,305              1,327          1,327   

Stock compensation adjustment

        61              61          61   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance on Jan. 1, 2012

  $ 10,204      $ 2,693      $ 106,201      $ 152,446      $ (80,820   $ (61,254   $ 129,470      $ 59,937      $ 189,407   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

          27,217            27,217        4,242        31,459   

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

            (13,706       (13,706       (13,706

Cash dividends paid
Common ($1.00 per share)

          (7,141         (7,141       (7,141

Class B Common ($1.00 per share)

          (2,083         (2,083       (2,083

Issuance of 22,320 shares of Class B Common Stock

      22        1,399              1,421          1,421   

Stock compensation adjustment

        81              81          81   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance on Dec. 30, 2012

  $ 10,204      $ 2,715      $ 107,681      $ 170,439      $ (94,526   $ (61,254   $ 135,259      $ 64,179      $ 199,438   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

          27,675            27,675        4,427        32,102   

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

            36,350          36,350          36,350   

Cash dividends paid
Common ($1.00 per share)

          (7,141         (7,141       (7,141

Class B Common ($1.00 per share)

          (2,104         (2,104       (2,104

Issuance of 20,120 shares of Class B Common Stock

      20        1,278              1,298          1,298   

Stock compensation adjustment

        (17           (17       (17
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance on Dec. 29, 2013

  $ 10,204      $ 2,735      $ 108,942      $ 188,869      $ (58,176   $ (61,254   $ 191,320      $ 68,606      $ 259,926   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

65


Table of Contents

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1.    Significant Accounting Policies

Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated (the “Company”) produces, markets and distributes nonalcoholic beverages, primarily products of The Coca-Cola Company. The Company operates principally in the southeastern region of the United States and has one reportable segment.

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its majority owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with United States generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

The fiscal years presented are the 52-week periods ended December 29, 2013 (“2013”), December 30, 2012 (“2012”) and January 1, 2012 (“2011”). The Company’s fiscal year ends on the Sunday closest to December 31 of each year.

Piedmont Coca-Cola Bottling Partnership (“Piedmont”) is the Company’s only subsidiary that has a significant noncontrolling interest. Noncontrolling interest income of $4.4 million in 2013, $4.2 million in 2012 and $3.4 million in 2011 are included in net income on the Company’s consolidated statements of operations. In addition, the amount of consolidated net income attributable to both the Company and noncontrolling interest are shown on the Company’s consolidated statements of operations. Noncontrolling interest primarily related to Piedmont totaled $68.6 million, $64.2 million and $59.9 million at December 29, 2013, December 30, 2012 and January 1, 2012, respectively. These amounts are shown as noncontrolling interest in the equity section of the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.

The Company’s significant accounting policies are as follows:

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, cash in banks and cash equivalents, which are highly liquid debt instruments with maturities of less than 90 days. The Company maintains cash deposits with major banks which from time to time may exceed federally insured limits. The Company periodically assesses the financial condition of the institutions and believes that the risk of any loss is minimal.

Credit Risk of Trade Accounts Receivable

The Company sells its products to supermarkets, convenience stores and other customers and extends credit, generally without requiring collateral, based on an ongoing evaluation of the customer’s business prospects and financial condition. The Company’s trade accounts receivable are typically collected within approximately 30 days from the date of sale. The Company monitors its exposure to losses on trade accounts receivable and maintains an allowance for potential losses or adjustments. Past due trade accounts receivable balances are written off when the Company’s collection efforts have been unsuccessful in collecting the amount due.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

The Company evaluates the collectibility of its trade accounts receivable based on a number of factors. In circumstances where the Company becomes aware of a customer’s inability to meet its financial obligations to the Company, a specific reserve for bad debts is estimated and recorded which reduces the recognized receivable to the estimated amount the Company believes will ultimately be collected. In addition to specific customer identification of potential bad debts, bad debt charges are recorded based on the Company’s recent past loss history and an overall assessment of past due trade accounts receivable outstanding.

 

66


Table of Contents

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The Company’s review of potential bad debts considers the specific industry in which a particular customer operates, such as supermarket retailers, convenience stores and mass merchandise retailers, and the general economic conditions that currently exist in that specific industry. The Company then considers the effects of concentration of credit risk in a specific industry and for specific customers within that industry.

Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined on the first-in, first-out method for finished products and manufacturing materials and on the average cost method for plastic shells, plastic pallets and other inventories.

Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment are recorded at cost and depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. Leasehold improvements on operating leases are depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful lives or the term of the lease, including renewal options the Company determines are reasonably assured. Additions and major replacements or betterments are added to the assets at cost. Maintenance and repair costs and minor replacements are charged to expense when incurred. When assets are replaced or otherwise disposed, the cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and the gains or losses, if any, are reflected in the statement of operations. Gains or losses on the disposal of manufacturing equipment and manufacturing facilities are included in cost of sales. Gains or losses on the disposal of all other property, plant and equipment are included in selling, delivery and administrative (“S,D&A”) expenses. Disposals of property, plant and equipment generally occur when it is not cost effective to repair an asset.

The Company evaluates the recoverability of the carrying amount of its property, plant and equipment when events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset or asset group may not be recoverable. These evaluations are performed at a level where independent cash flows may be attributed to either an asset or an asset group. If the Company determines that the carrying amount of an asset or asset group is not recoverable based upon the expected undiscounted future cash flows of the asset or asset group, an impairment loss is recorded equal to the excess of the carrying amounts over the estimated fair value of the long-lived assets.

Leased Property Under Capital Leases

Leased property under capital leases is depreciated using the straight-line method over the lease term.

Internal Use Software

The Company capitalizes costs incurred in the development or acquisition of internal use software. The Company expenses costs incurred in the preliminary project planning stage. Costs, such as maintenance and training, are also expensed as incurred. Capitalized costs are amortized over their estimated useful lives using the straight-line method. Amortization expense, which is included in depreciation expense, for internal-use software was $7.5 million, $7.3 million and $7.0 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

Franchise Rights and Goodwill

Under the provisions of generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), all business combinations are accounted for using the acquisition method and goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite useful lives are not amortized but instead are tested for impairment annually, or more frequently if facts and circumstances indicate such assets may be impaired. The only intangible assets the Company classifies as indefinite lived are franchise rights and goodwill. The Company performs its annual impairment test as of the first day of the fourth quarter of

 

67


Table of Contents

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

each year. For both franchise rights and goodwill, when appropriate, the Company performs a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of the franchise rights or goodwill is below its carrying value.

When a quantitative analysis is considered necessary for the annual impairment analysis of franchise rights, the Company utilizes the Greenfield Method to estimate the fair value. The Greenfield Method assumes the Company is starting new, owning only franchise rights, and makes investments required to build an operation comparable to the Company’s current operations. The Company estimates the cash flows required to build a comparable operation and the available future cash flows from these operations. The cash flows are then discounted using an appropriate discount rate. The estimated fair value based upon the discounted cash flows is then compared to the carrying value on an aggregated basis.

The Company has determined that it has one reporting unit for purposes of assessing goodwill for potential impairment. When a quantitative analysis is considered necessary for the annual impairment analysis of goodwill, the Company develops an estimated fair value for the reporting unit considering three different approaches:

 

   

market value, using the Company’s stock price plus outstanding debt;

 

   

discounted cash flow analysis; and

 

   

multiple of earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization based upon relevant industry data.

The estimated fair value of the reporting unit is then compared to its carrying amount including goodwill. If the estimated fair value exceeds the carrying amount, goodwill is considered not impaired, and the second step of the impairment test is not necessary. If the carrying amount including goodwill exceeds its estimated fair value, the second step of the impairment test is performed to measure the amount of the impairment, if any. In the second step, a comparison is made between book value of goodwill to the implied fair value of goodwill. Implied fair value of goodwill is determined by comparing the fair value of the reporting unit to the book value of its net identifiable assets excluding goodwill. If the implied fair value of goodwill is below the book value of goodwill, an impairment loss would be recognized for the difference.

The Company uses its overall market capitalization as part of its estimate of fair value of the reporting unit and in assessing the reasonableness of the Company’s internal estimates of fair value.

To the extent that actual and projected cash flows decline in the future, or if market conditions deteriorate significantly, the Company may be required to perform an interim impairment analysis that could result in an impairment of franchise rights and goodwill.

Other Identifiable Intangible Assets

Other identifiable intangible assets primarily represent customer relationships and distribution rights and are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives.

Pension and Postretirement Benefit Plans

The Company has a noncontributory pension plan covering certain nonunion employees and one noncontributory pension plan covering certain union employees. Costs of the plans are charged to current operations and consist of several components of net periodic pension cost based on various actuarial assumptions regarding future experience of the plans. In addition, certain other union employees are covered by plans provided by their respective union organizations and the Company expenses amounts as paid in accordance with union agreements. The Company recognizes the cost of postretirement benefits, which consist principally of medical benefits, during employees’ periods of active service.

 

68


Table of Contents

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Amounts recorded for benefit plans reflect estimates related to interest rates, investment returns, employee turnover and health care costs. The discount rate assumptions used to determine the pension and postretirement benefit obligations are based on yield rates available on double-A bonds as of each plan’s measurement date.

On February 22, 2006, the Board of Directors of the Company approved an amendment to the pension plan covering substantially all nonunion employees to cease further accruals under the plan effective June 30, 2006.

Income Taxes

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to operating loss and tax credit carryforwards as well as differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

A valuation allowance will be provided against deferred tax assets, if the Company determines it is more likely than not such assets will not ultimately be realized.

The Company does not recognize a tax benefit unless it concludes that it is more likely than not that the benefit will be sustained on audit by the taxing authority based solely on the technical merits of the associated tax position. If the recognition threshold is met, the Company recognizes a tax benefit measured at the largest amount of the tax benefit that, in the Company’s judgment, is greater than 50 percent likely to be realized. The Company records interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense.

Revenue Recognition

Revenues are recognized when finished products are delivered to customers and both title and the risks and benefits of ownership are transferred, price is fixed and determinable, collection is reasonably assured and, in the case of full service vending, when cash is collected from the vending machines. Appropriate provision is made for uncollectible accounts.

The Company receives service fees from The Coca-Cola Company related to the delivery of fountain syrup products to The Coca-Cola Company’s fountain customers. In addition, the Company receives service fees from The Coca-Cola Company related to the repair of fountain equipment owned by The Coca-Cola Company. The fees received from The Coca-Cola Company for the delivery of fountain syrup products to their customers and the repair of their fountain equipment are recognized as revenue when the respective services are completed. Service revenue represents approximately 1% of net sales.

The Company performs freight hauling and brokerage for third parties in addition to delivering its own products. The freight charges are recognized as revenues when the delivery is complete. Freight revenue from third parties represents approximately 1% of net sales.

Revenues do not include sales or other taxes collected from customers.

Marketing Programs and Sales Incentives

The Company participates in various marketing and sales programs with The Coca-Cola Company and other beverage companies and arrangements with customers to increase the sale of its products by its customers. Among the programs negotiated with customers are arrangements under which allowances can be earned for attaining agreed-upon sales levels and/or for participating in specific marketing programs.

Coupon programs are also developed on a territory-specific basis. The cost of these various marketing programs and sales incentives with The Coca-Cola Company and other beverage companies, included as deductions to net sales, totaled $57.1 million, $58.1 million and $53.0 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

69


Table of Contents

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Marketing Funding Support

The Company receives marketing funding support payments in cash from The Coca-Cola Company and other beverage companies. Payments to the Company for marketing programs to promote the sale of bottle/can volume and fountain syrup volume are recognized in earnings primarily on a per unit basis over the year as product is sold. Payments for periodic programs are recognized in the periods for which they are earned.

Under GAAP, cash consideration received by a customer from a vendor is presumed to be a reduction of the prices of the vendor’s products or services and is, therefore, to be accounted for as a reduction of cost of sales in the statements of operations unless those payments are specific reimbursements of costs or payments for services. Payments the Company receives from The Coca-Cola Company and other beverage companies for marketing funding support are classified as reductions of cost of sales.

Derivative Financial Instruments

The Company records all derivative instruments in the financial statements at fair value.

The Company uses derivative financial instruments to manage its exposure to movements in interest rates and certain commodity prices. The use of these financial instruments modifies the Company’s exposure to these risks with the intent of reducing risk over time. The Company does not use financial instruments for trading purposes, nor does it use leveraged financial instruments. Credit risk related to the derivative financial instruments is managed by requiring high credit standards for its counterparties and periodic settlements.

Interest Rate Hedges

The Company periodically enters into derivative financial instruments. The Company has standardized procedures for evaluating the accounting for financial instruments. These procedures include:

 

   

Identifying and matching of the hedging instrument and the hedged item to ensure that significant features coincide such as maturity dates and interest reset dates;

 

   

Identifying the nature of the risk being hedged and the Company’s intent for undertaking the hedge;

 

   

Assessing the hedging instrument’s effectiveness in offsetting the exposure to changes in the hedged item’s fair value or variability to cash flows attributable to the hedged risk;

 

   

Assessing evidence that, at the hedge’s inception and on an ongoing basis, it is expected that the hedging relationship will be highly effective in achieving an offsetting change in the fair value or cash flows that are attributable to the hedged risk; and

 

   

Maintaining a process to review all hedges on an ongoing basis to ensure continued qualification for hedge accounting.

To the extent the interest rate agreements meet the specified criteria, they are accounted for as either fair value or cash flow hedges. Changes in the fair values of designated and qualifying fair value hedges are recognized in earnings as offsets to changes in the fair value of the related hedged liabilities. Changes in the fair value of cash flow hedging instruments are recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income and are subsequently reclassified to earnings as an adjustment to interest expense in the same periods the forecasted payments affect earnings. Ineffectiveness of a cash flow hedge, defined as the amount by which the change in the value of the hedge does not exactly offset the change in the value of the hedged item, is reflected in current results of operations.

The Company evaluates its mix of fixed and floating rate debt on an ongoing basis. Periodically, the Company may terminate an interest rate derivative when the underlying debt remains outstanding in order to achieve its desired fixed/floating rate mix. Upon termination of an interest rate derivative accounted for as a cash

 

70


Table of Contents

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

flow hedge, amounts reflected in accumulated other comprehensive income are reclassified to earnings consistent with the variability of the cash flows previously hedged, which is generally over the life of the related debt that was hedged. Upon termination of an interest rate derivative accounted for as a fair value hedge, the value of the hedge as recorded on the Company’s balance sheet is eliminated against either the cash received or cash paid for settlement and the fair value adjustment of the related debt is amortized to earnings over the remaining life of the debt instrument as an adjustment to interest expense.

Interest rate derivatives designated as cash flow hedges are used to hedge the variability of cash flows related to a specific component of the Company’s long-term debt. Interest rate derivatives designated as fair value hedges are used to hedge the fair value of a specific component of the Company’s long-term debt. If the hedged component of long-term debt is repaid or refinanced, the Company generally terminates the related hedge due to the fact the forecasted schedule of payments will not occur or the changes in fair value of the hedged debt will not occur and the derivative will no longer qualify as a hedge. Any gain or loss on the termination of an interest rate derivative related to the repayment or refinancing of long-term debt is recognized currently in the Company’s statement of operations as an adjustment to interest expense. In the event a derivative previously accounted for as a hedge was retained and did not qualify for hedge accounting, changes in the fair value would be recognized in the statement of operations currently as an adjustment to interest expense.

Commodity Hedges

The Company may use derivative instruments to hedge some or all of the Company’s projected diesel fuel and unleaded gasoline purchases (used in the Company’s delivery fleet and other vehicles) and aluminum purchases. The Company generally pays a fee for these instruments which is amortized over the corresponding period of the instrument. The Company accounts for its commodity hedges on a mark-to-market basis with any expense or income reflected as an adjustment of related costs which are included in either cost of sales or S,D&A expenses.

Risk Management Programs

The Company uses various insurance structures to manage its workers’ compensation, auto liability, medical and other insurable risks. These structures consist of retentions, deductibles, limits and a diverse group of insurers that serve to strategically transfer and mitigate the financial impact of losses. The Company uses commercial insurance for claims as a risk reduction strategy to minimize catastrophic losses. Losses are accrued using assumptions and procedures followed in the insurance industry, adjusted for company-specific history and expectations.

Cost of Sales

Cost of sales includes the following: raw material costs, manufacturing labor, manufacturing overhead including depreciation expense, manufacturing warehousing costs and shipping and handling costs related to the movement of finished goods from manufacturing locations to sales distribution centers.

Selling, Delivery and Administrative Expenses

S,D&A expenses include the following: sales management labor costs, distribution costs from sales distribution centers to customer locations, sales distribution center warehouse costs, depreciation expense related to sales centers, delivery vehicles and cold drink equipment, point-of-sale expenses, advertising expenses, cold drink equipment repair costs, amortization of intangibles and administrative support labor and operating costs such as treasury, legal, information services, accounting, internal control services, human resources and executive management costs.

 

71


Table of Contents

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Shipping and Handling Costs

Shipping and handling costs related to the movement of finished goods from manufacturing locations to sales distribution centers are included in cost of sales. Shipping and handling costs related to the movement of finished goods from sales distribution centers to customer locations are included in S,D&A expenses and were $201.0 million, $200.0 million and $191.9 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

The Company recorded delivery fees in net sales of $6.3 million, $7.0 million and $7.1 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. These fees are used to offset a portion of the Company’s delivery and handling costs.

Stock Compensation with Contingent Vesting

On April 29, 2008, the stockholders of the Company approved a Performance Unit Award Agreement for J. Frank Harrison, III, the Company’s Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer, consisting of 400,000 performance units (“Units”). Each Unit represents the right to receive one share of the Company’s Class B Common Stock, subject to certain terms and conditions. The Units are subject to vesting in annual increments over a ten-year period starting in fiscal year 2009. The number of Units that vest each year will equal the product of 40,000 multiplied by the overall goal achievement factor (not to exceed 100%) under the Company’s Annual Bonus Plan.

Each annual 40,000 unit tranche has an independent performance requirement, as it is not established until the Company’s Annual Bonus Plan targets are approved each year by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors. As a result, each 40,000 unit tranche is considered to have its own service inception date, grant-date and requisite service period. The Company’s Annual Bonus Plan targets, which establish the performance requirements for the Performance Unit Award Agreement, are approved by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors in the first quarter of each year. The Performance Unit Award Agreement does not entitle Mr. Harrison, III to participate in dividends or voting rights until each installment has vested and the shares are issued. Mr. Harrison, III may satisfy tax withholding requirements in whole or in part by requiring the Company to settle in cash such number of units otherwise payable in Class B Common Stock to meet the maximum statutory tax withholding requirements. The Company recognizes compensation expense over the requisite service period (one fiscal year) based on the Company’s stock price at the end of each accounting period, unless the achievement of the performance requirement for the fiscal year is considered unlikely.

See Note 16 to the consolidated financial statements for additional information on Mr. Harrison, III’s stock compensation program.

Net Income Per Share

The Company applies the two-class method for calculating and presenting net income per share. The two-class method is an earnings allocation formula that determines earnings per share for each class of common stock according to dividends declared (or accumulated) and participation rights in undistributed earnings. Under this method:

 

  (a) Income from continuing operations (“net income”) is reduced by the amount of dividends declared in the current period for each class of stock and by the contractual amount of dividends that must be paid for the current period.

 

  (b) The remaining earnings (“undistributed earnings”) are allocated to Common Stock and Class B Common Stock to the extent that each security may share in earnings as if all of the earnings for the period had been distributed. The total earnings allocated to each security is determined by adding together the amount allocated for dividends and the amount allocated for a participation feature.

 

72


Table of Contents

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

  (c) The total earnings allocated to each security is then divided by the number of outstanding shares of the security to which the earnings are allocated to determine the earnings per share for the security.

 

  (d) Basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) data are presented for each class of common stock.

In applying the two-class method, the Company determined that undistributed earnings should be allocated equally on a per share basis between the Common Stock and Class B Common Stock due to the aggregate participation rights of the Class B Common Stock (i.e., the voting and conversion rights) and the Company’s history of paying dividends equally on a per share basis on the Common Stock and Class B Common Stock.

Under the Company’s certificate of incorporation, the Board of Directors may declare dividends on Common Stock without declaring equal or any dividends on the Class B Common Stock. Notwithstanding this provision, Class B Common Stock has voting and conversion rights that allow the Class B Common Stock to participate equally on a per share basis with the Common Stock.

The Class B Common Stock is entitled to 20 votes per share and the Common Stock is entitled to one vote per share with respect to each matter to be voted upon by the stockholders of the Company. Except as otherwise required by law, the holders of the Class B Common Stock and Common Stock vote together as a single class on all matters submitted to the Company’s stockholders, including the election of the Board of Directors. As a result, the holders of the Class B Common Stock control approximately 86% of the total voting power of the stockholders of the Company and control the election of the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors has declared and the Company has paid dividends on the Class B Common Stock and Common Stock and each class of common stock has participated equally in all dividends declared by the Board of Directors and paid by the Company since 1994.

The Class B Common Stock conversion rights allow the Class B Common Stock to participate in dividends equally with the Common Stock. The Class B Common Stock is convertible into Common Stock on a one-for-one per share basis at any time at the option of the holder. Accordingly, the holders of the Class B Common Stock can participate equally in any dividends declared on the Common Stock by exercising their conversion rights.

As a result of the Class B Common Stock’s aggregated participation rights, the Company has determined that undistributed earnings should be allocated equally on a per share basis to the Common Stock and Class B Common Stock under the two-class method.

Basic EPS excludes potential common shares that were dilutive and is computed by dividing net income available for common stockholders by the weighted average number of Common and Class B Common shares outstanding. Diluted EPS for Common Stock and Class B Common Stock gives effect to all securities representing potential common shares that were dilutive and outstanding during the period.

2.    Piedmont Coca-Cola Bottling Partnership

On July 2, 1993, the Company and The Coca-Cola Company formed Piedmont to distribute and market nonalcoholic beverages primarily in portions of North Carolina and South Carolina. The Company provides a portion of the nonalcoholic beverage products to Piedmont at cost and receives a fee for managing the operations of Piedmont pursuant to a management agreement. These intercompany transactions are eliminated in the consolidated financial statements.

Noncontrolling interest as of December 29, 2013, December 30, 2012 and January 1, 2012 primarily represents the portion of Piedmont which is owned by The Coca-Cola Company. The Coca-Cola Company’s interest in Piedmont was 22.7% in all periods reported.

The Company currently provides financing to Piedmont under an agreement that expires on December 31, 2015. Piedmont pays the Company interest on its borrowings at the Company’s average cost of funds plus 0.50%. There were no amounts outstanding under this agreement at December 29, 2013 or December 30, 2012. The loan balance was $17.8 million at January 1, 2012.

 

73


Table of Contents

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

3.    Inventories

Inventories were summarized as follows:

 

In Thousands

   Dec. 29,
2013
     Dec. 30,
2012
 

Finished products

   $ 35,360       $ 36,445   

Manufacturing materials

     9,127         11,019   

Plastic shells, plastic pallets and other inventories

     17,500         18,460   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total inventories

   $ 61,987       $ 65,924   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

4.    Property, Plant and Equipment

The principal categories and estimated useful lives of property, plant and equipment were as follows:

 

In Thousands

   Dec. 29,
2013
     Dec. 30,
2012
     Estimated
Useful Lives
 

Land

   $ 12,307       $ 12,442      

Buildings

     113,864         118,556         8-50 years   

Machinery and equipment

     144,662         140,963         5-20 years   

Transportation equipment

     164,403         163,586         4-20 years   

Furniture and fixtures

     42,605         41,580         3-10 years   

Cold drink dispensing equipment

     317,143         314,863         5-17 years   

Leasehold and land improvements

     73,742         71,956         5-20 years   

Software for internal use

     81,718         74,907         3-10 years   

Construction in progress

     7,204         8,264      
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total property, plant and equipment, at cost

     957,648         947,117      

Less: Accumulated depreciation and amortization

     654,650         639,650      
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

Property, plant and equipment, net

   $ 302,998       $ 307,467      
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

Depreciation and amortization expense was $58.3 million, $61.2 million and $61.7 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. These amounts included amortization expense for leased property under capital leases.

The Company changed the useful lives of certain cold drink dispensing equipment in 2013 to reflect the estimated remaining useful lives. The change in useful lives reduced depreciation expense in 2013 by $1.7 million ($0.11 per basic and diluted Common Stock and $0.11 per basic and diluted Class B Common Stock.)

During 2013, the Company performed periodic reviews of property, plant and equipment and determined there was no impairment to be recorded.

During 2012, the Company performed periodic reviews of property, plant and equipment. As a result of this review, $.3 million was recorded to impairment expense in cost of sales for manufacturing equipment.

During 2011, the Company performed periodic reviews of property, plant and equipment and determined there was no impairment to be recorded.

 

74


Table of Contents

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

5.    Leased Property Under Capital Leases

Leased property under capital leases was summarized as follows:

 

In Thousands

   Dec. 29,
2013
     Dec. 30,
2012
     Estimated
Useful Lives
 

Leased property under capital leases

   $ 94,889       $ 94,180         3-20 years   

Less: Accumulated amortization

     45,908         40,030      
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

Leased property under capital leases, net

   $ 48,981       $ 54,150      
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

As of December 29, 2013, real estate represented $48.2 million of the leased property under capital leases, net and $32.3 million of this real estate is leased from related parties as described in Note 18 to the consolidated financial statements.

The Company’s outstanding lease obligations for capital leases were $65.0 million and $69.6 million as of December 29, 2013 and December 30, 2012.

6.    Franchise Rights and Goodwill

Franchise rights and goodwill were summarized as follows:

 

In Thousands

   Dec. 29,
2013
     Dec. 30,
2012
 

Franchise rights

   $ 520,672       $ 520,672   

Goodwill

     102,049         102,049   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total franchise rights and goodwill

   $ 622,721       $ 622,721   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company performed its annual impairment test of franchise rights and goodwill as of the first day of the fourth quarter of 2013, 2012 and 2011 and determined there was no impairment of the carrying value of these assets. There has been no impairment of franchise rights or goodwill since acquisition.

There was no activity for franchise rights or goodwill in 2013, 2012 or 2011.

7.    Other Identifiable Intangible Assets

Other identifiable intangible assets were summarized as follows:

 

In Thousands

   Dec. 29,
2013
     Dec. 30,
2012
     Estimated
Useful Lives
 

Other identifiable intangible assets

   $ 8,547       $ 8,557         20 years   

Less: Accumulated amortization

     4,866         4,534      
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

Other identifiable intangible assets, net

   $ 3,681       $ 4,023      
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

Other identifiable intangible assets primarily represent customer relationships and distribution rights and are amortized on a straight line basis. Amortization expense related to other identifiable intangible assets was $0.3 million, $0.4 million and $0.4 million for 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Assuming no impairment of these other identifiable intangible assets, amortization expense in future years based upon recorded amounts as of December 29, 2013 will be $0.3 million each year for 2014 through 2018.

 

75


Table of Contents

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

8.    Other Accrued Liabilities

Other accrued liabilities were summarized as follows:

 

In Thousands

   Dec. 29,
2013
     Dec. 30,
2012
 

Accrued marketing costs

   $ 13,613       $ 12,506   

Accrued insurance costs

     21,132         21,458   

Accrued taxes (other than income taxes)

     1,207         1,910   

Employee benefit plan accruals

     17,643         16,988   

Checks and transfers yet to be presented for payment from zero balance cash accounts

     11,237