10-K 1 schw-20131231x10k.htm 10-K 46f4c2bd429b4e1

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES  AND  EXCHANGE  COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM  10-K

 

ANNUAL  REPORT  PURSUANT  TO  SECTION  13  OR  15(d)

OF  THE  SECURITIES  EXCHANGE  ACT  OF  1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013

Commission file number 1-9700

 

THE  CHARLES  SCHWAB  CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

(State or other jurisdiction

of incorporation or organization)

94-3025021

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

211 Main Street, San Francisco, CA  94105

(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  (415) 667-7000

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock - $.01 par value per share

New York Stock Exchange

Depository Shares, each representing a 1/40th ownership interest in a share of 6.0% Non-Cumulative Preferred Stock, Series B


New York Stock Exchange

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes    No 

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes    No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes    No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes    No 

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer 

Accelerated filer 

Non-accelerated filer    (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes     No 

 

As of June 30, 2013, the aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $23.7 billion. For purposes of this information, the outstanding shares of Common Stock owned by directors and executive officers of the registrant, and certain investment companies managed by Charles Schwab Investment Management, Inc. were deemed to be shares of the voting stock held by affiliates.

 

The number of shares of Common Stock outstanding as of January 31,  2014, was 1,298,566,869.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Part III of this Form 10-K incorporates certain information contained in the registrant’s definitive proxy statement for its annual meeting of stockholders, to be held May 15,  2014, by reference to that document.

 


 

THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

 

 

Annual Report On Form 10-K

For Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2013

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

Part I 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Business

 

General Corporate Overview

 

Business Acquisitions

 

Business Strategy and Competitive Environment

 

Products and Services

 

Regulation

 

Sources of Net Revenues

 

Available Information

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

Item 1B.

Unresolved Securities and Exchange Commission Staff Comments

13 

Item 2.

Properties

14 

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

14 

 

 

 

Part II 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

15 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

15 

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

17 

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

18 

 

Overview

18 

 

Current Market and Regulatory Environment and Other Developments

20 

 

Results of Operations

22 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

30 

 

Risk Management

37 

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

44 

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

44 

 

Forward-Looking Statements

46 

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

48 

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

50 

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

97 

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

97 

Item 9B.

Other Information

97 

 

 

 

Part III 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance 

97 

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

99 

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

99 

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

99 

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

99 

 

 

 

Part IV 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedule

100 

 

Exhibit Index

100 

 

Signatures

105 

 

Index to Financial Statement Schedule

F-1

 

 

 


 

THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

 

 

PART I

 

 

Item 1.

Business

 

General Corporate Overview

 

The Charles Schwab Corporation (CSC), headquartered in San Francisco, California, was incorporated in 1986 and engages, through its subsidiaries (together referred to as the Company, and located in San Francisco except as indicated), in securities brokerage, banking, money management, and financial advisory services. At December 31, 2013, the Company had $2.25 trillion in client assets, 9.1 million active brokerage accounts(a),  1.3 million corporate retirement plan participants, and 916,000 banking accounts.

 

Significant business subsidiaries of CSC include:

·

Charles Schwab & Co., Inc. (Schwab), which was incorporated in 1971, is a securities broker-dealer with over 300 domestic branch offices in 45 states, as well as a branch in each of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and London, England, and serves clients in Hong Kong through one of CSC’s subsidiaries;

·

Charles Schwab Bank (Schwab Bank), which commenced operations in 2003, is a federal savings bank located in Reno, Nevada; and

·

Charles Schwab Investment Management, Inc. (CSIM), which is the investment advisor for Schwab’s proprietary mutual funds, referred to as the Schwab Funds®, and Schwab’s exchange-traded funds, referred to as the Schwab ETFs™.

 

The Company provides financial services to individuals and institutional clients through two segments – Investor Services and Advisor Services. The Investor Services segment provides retail brokerage and banking services to individual investors, retirement plan services, and corporate brokerage services. The Advisor Services segment provides custodial, trading, and support services to independent investment advisors (IAs), and retirement business services to independent retirement plan advisors and recordkeepers whose plan assets are held at Schwab Bank. These services are further described in the segment discussion below. For financial information by segment for the three years ended December 31, 2013, see “Item 8 – Financial Statements and Supplementary Data – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – 23. Segment Information.”

 

As of December 31, 2013, the Company had full-time, part-time and temporary employees, and persons employed on a contract basis that represented the equivalent of about 13,800 full-time employees.

 

Business Acquisitions

 

On December 14, 2012, the Company acquired ThomasPartners, Inc., a growth and dividend income-focused asset management firm.

 

In September 2011, the Company acquired optionsXpress Holdings, Inc. (optionsXpress), an online brokerage firm primarily focused on equity options and futures. The optionsXpress® brokerage platform provides active investors and traders trading tools, analytics and education to execute a variety of investment strategies. optionsXpress, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of optionsXpress, is a securities broker-dealer.

 

In November 2010, the Company acquired substantially all of the assets of Windward Investment Management, Inc., an investment advisory firm that managed diversified investment portfolios comprised primarily of exchange-traded fund securities. As a result of the acquisition, Windhaven Investment Management, Inc. (Windhaven®) was formed as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Schwab Holdings, Inc.

 

For additional information pertaining to the Company’s business acquisitions, see “Item 8 – Financial Statements and Supplementary Data – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – 24. Business Acquisitions.”

 

(a) Accounts with balances or activity within the preceding eight months.

 

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THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

 

 

Business Strategy and Competitive Environment

 

The Company’s stated purpose is to champion every client’s goals with passion and integrity, believing the best long-term strategy is one that puts clients first. Because investing plays a fundamental role in building financial security, the Company strives to deliver a better investing experience for its clients – individual investors and the people and institutions who serve them – by disrupting longstanding industry practices on their behalf and providing superior service. The Company aims to offer a broad range of products and solutions to choose from, including relevant and actionable advice, with a focus on transparency and convenience. In addition, management works to leverage Company scale and resources, as well as expense discipline, to help keep costs low and ensure that client solutions are both affordable and responsive to needs.

 

The Companys competition in serving individual investors includes a wide range of brokerage, wealth management, and asset management firms, as well as banks and trust companies. In serving these investors and competing for a growing percentage of the investable wealth in the U.S., the Company offers a multi-channel service delivery model, which includes online, mobile, telephonic, and branch capabilities. Under this model, the Company can offer personalized service at competitive prices while giving clients the choice of where, when, and how they do business with the Company. Schwab’s branches and regional telephone service centers are staffed with trained and experienced financial consultants (FCs) focused on building and sustaining client relationships. The Company offers the ability to meet client investing needs through a single ongoing point of contact, even as those needs change over time. In particular, management believes that the Company’s ability to provide those clients seeking help, guidance, or advice with an integrated, individually tailored solution – ranging from occasional consultations to an ongoing relationship with a Schwab FC or an IA – is a competitive strength compared to the more fragmented or limited offerings of other firms.

 

The Company’s online, mobile, and telephonic channels provide quick and efficient access to an extensive array of information, research, tools, trade execution, and administrative services, which clients can access according to their needs. For example, clients that trade more actively can use these channels to access highly competitive pricing, expert tools, and extensive service capabilities – including experienced, knowledgeable teams of trading specialists and integrated product offerings. Individuals investing for retirement through 401(k) plans can take advantage of the Company’s bundled offering of multiple investment choices, education, and third-party advice. Management also believes the Company is able to compete with the wide variety of financial services firms striving to attract individual client relationships by complementing these capabilities with the extensive array of investment, banking, and lending products and services described in the following section.

 

In the IA arena, the Company competes with institutional custodians, traditional and discount brokers, banks, investment advisory firms, and trust companies. Management believes that its Advisor Services segment can maintain its market leadership position primarily through the efforts of its expanded sales and support teams, which are dedicated to helping IAs grow, compete, and succeed in serving their clients. In addition to focusing on superior service, Advisor Services competes by utilizing technology to provide IAs with a highly-developed, scalable platform for administering their clients’ assets easily and efficiently. Advisor Services sponsors a variety of national, regional, and local events designed to help IAs identify and implement better ways to grow and manage their practices efficiently.

 

Another important aspect of the Company’s ability to compete is its ongoing focus on efficiency and productivity, as lower costs give the Company greater flexibility in its approach to pricing and investing for growth. Management believes that this flexibility remains important in light of the competitive environment, in which a number of competitors offer reduced online trading commission rates and low expense ratios on certain classes of mutual funds and exchange-traded funds. Additionally, the Company’s nationwide marketing effort is an important competitive tool because it reinforces the attributes of the Schwab® brand.

 

Products and Services

 

The Company offers a broad range of products to address individuals’ varying investment and financial needs. Examples of these product offerings include:

·

Brokerage – an array of full-feature brokerage accounts; individual retirement accounts; retirement plans for small to large businesses; 529 college savings accounts; designated brokerage accounts; equity incentive plan accounts; and margin loans, as well as access to fixed income securities, equity and debt offerings, options, and futures;

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THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

 

 

·

Mutual funds – third-party mutual funds through Mutual Fund Marketplace®, including no-load mutual funds through the Mutual Fund OneSource® service, proprietary mutual funds from two fund families – Schwab Funds® and Laudus Funds®, other third-party mutual funds, and mutual fund trading and clearing services to broker-dealers;

·

Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) – third-party and proprietary ETFs, including Schwab ETFs, Schwab ETF OneSource™, and separately managed portfolios of ETFs;

·

Advice solutions – separately managed accounts, customized personal advice for tailored portfolios, and specialized planning and full-time portfolio management;

·

Banking – checking accounts linked to brokerage accounts, savings accounts, certificates of deposit, demand deposit accounts, first lien residential real estate mortgage loans (First Mortgages), home equity lines of credit (HELOCs), personal loans and entity lending collateralized by securities; and

·

Trust – trust custody services, personal trust reporting services, and administrative trustee services.

 

These products, and the Company’s full array of investing services, are made available through its two segments – Investor Services and Advisor Services. The Company’s major sources of revenues are generated by both of the Company’s reportable segments. Revenue is attributable to a reportable segment based on which segment has the primary responsibility for serving the client. The accounting policies of the Company’s reportable segments are the same as those described in “Item 8 – Financial Statements and Supplementary Data – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies.” For financial information related to the Company’s reportable segments, see “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Results of Operations – Segment Information,” and “Item 8 – Financial Statement and Supplementary Data – Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements – 23. Segment Information.”

 

Investor Services

 

Through the Investor Services segment, the Company provides retail brokerage and banking services to individual investors. The Company offers research, analytic tools, performance reports, market analysis, and educational material to all clients. Clients looking for more guidance have access to online portfolio planning tools, professional advice from Schwab’s portfolio consultants who can help develop an investment strategy and carry out investment and portfolio management decisions, as well as a range of fully delegated managed solutions that provide ongoing portfolio management.

 

Schwab strives to educate and assist clients in the development of investment plans. Educational tools include workshops, interactive courses, and online information about investing, from which Schwab does not earn revenue. Additionally, Schwab provides various internet-based research and analysis tools that are designed to help clients achieve better investment outcomes. As an example of such tools, Schwab Equity Ratings® is a quantitative model-based stock rating system that provides all clients with ratings on approximately 3,000 stocks, assigning each equity a single grade: A, B, C, D, or F. Schwab Equity Ratings International®, an international ranking methodology, covers approximately 4,000 stocks in 27 foreign equity markets.

 

Clients may need specific investment recommendations, either from time to time or on an ongoing basis. The Company provides clients seeking advice with customized solutions. The Company’s approach to advice is based on long-term investment strategies and guidance on portfolio diversification and asset allocation. This approach is designed to be offered consistently across all of Schwab’s delivery channels.

 

Schwab Private ClientTM features a personal advice relationship with a designated portfolio consultant, supported by a team of investment professionals who provide individualized service, a customized investment strategy developed in collaboration with the client, and ongoing guidance and execution.

 

For clients seeking a relationship in which investment decisions are fully delegated to a financial professional, the Company offers several alternatives. The Company provides investors access to professional investment management in a diversified account that is invested exclusively in either mutual funds or ETFs through the Schwab Managed PortfoliosTM and Windhaven, or equity securities through ThomasPartners® programs. The Company also refers investors who want to utilize a specific third-party money manager to direct a portion of their investment assets to the Schwab Managed Account program. In addition, clients who want the assistance of an independent professional in managing their financial affairs may be referred to IAs in the Schwab Advisor Network®. These IAs provide personalized portfolio management, financial planning, and wealth management solutions.

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To meet the specific needs of clients who trade actively, Schwab and optionsXpress, Inc. both offer integrated Web- and software-based trading platforms, which incorporate intelligent order routing technology, real-time market data, options trading, premium stock or futures research, and multi-channel access, as well as sophisticated account and trade management features, risk management tools, decision support tools, and dedicated personal support.

 

For clients wishing to invest in foreign equities, the Company offers a suite of global investing capabilities, including online access to certain foreign equity markets with the ability to trade in their local currencies. In addition, the Company serves both foreign investors and non-English-speaking U.S. clients who wish to trade or invest in U.S. dollar-based securities. In the U.S., the Company serves Chinese-, Spanish-, and Vietnamese-speaking clients through a combination of its branch offices and Web-based and telephonic services.

 

The Investor Services segment also includes the Retirement Plan Services, Corporate Brokerage Services, Stock Plan Services, and Compliance Solutions business units. Retirement Plan Services offers a bundled 401(k) retirement plan product that provides plan sponsors a wide array of investment options, trustee or custodial services, and participant-level recordkeeping. Plan design features, which increase plan efficiency and achieve employer goals, are also offered, such as automatic enrollment, automatic fund mapping at conversion, and automatic contribution increases. In 2012, the Company launched Schwab Index Advantage®, a unique 401(k) plan offer designed to lower costs, simplify investing and help workers better prepare for retirement. Services also include support for Roth 401(k) accounts and profit sharing and defined benefit plans. The Company provides a robust suite of tools to plan sponsors to manage their plans, including plan-specific reports, studies and research, access to legislative updates and benchmarking reports that provide perspective on their plan’s features compared with overall industry and segment-specific plans. Participants in bundled plans serviced by the Company receive targeted education materials, have access to electronic tools and resources, may attend onsite and virtual seminars, and can receive third-party advice delivered by Schwab. This third-party advice service is delivered online, by phone, or in person, including recommendations based on the core investment fund choices in their retirement plan and specific recommended savings rates.

 

Corporate Brokerage Services provides specialty brokerage-related services to corporate clients through its Corporate Brokerage Retirement Services business and mutual fund clearing services to banks, brokerage firms and trust companies, and also offers proprietary mutual funds, ETFs, collective trust funds, and investment management outside the Company to institutional channels. Corporate Brokerage Retirement Services serves independent recordkeepers seeking a custodian for retirement plan assets. Schwab provides custody services tailored for retirement plans seeking a low-cost solution. Plans held at Schwab are either self-trusteed or trusteed by a separate, independent trustee. Corporate Brokerage Retirement Services also offers the Schwab Personal Choice Retirement Account®, a self-directed brokerage offering for retirement plans and the Company Retirement Account, a brokerage account designed to hold the assets of an individually designed business retirement plan.

 

Stock Plan Services offers equity compensation plan sponsors full-service recordkeeping for stock plans: stock options, restricted stock, performance shares and stock appreciation rights. Specialized services for executive transactions and reporting, grant acceptance tracking and other services are offered to employers to meet the needs of administering the reporting and compliance aspects of an equity compensation plan.

 

Compliance Solutions provides solutions for compliance departments of regulated companies and firms with special requirements to monitor employee personal trading, including trade surveillance technology.

 

Advisor Services

 

Through the Advisor Services segment, the Company provides custodial, trading, and support services to IAs.

 

To attract and serve IAs, the Company has a dedicated sales force and service teams assigned to meet their needs. IAs who custody client accounts at Schwab may use proprietary software that provides them with up-to-date client account information, as well as trading capabilities. The Advisor Services website is the core platform for IAs to conduct daily business activities online with Schwab, including submitting and retrieving client account information and viewing news and market information. This platform provides IAs with a comprehensive suite of electronic and paper-based reporting capabilities. The Company offers online cashiering services, as well as internet-based eDocuments sites for both IAs and

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their clients that provide multi-year archiving of online statements, trade confirms and tax reports, along with document search capabilities.

 

To help IAs grow and manage their practices, the Company offers a variety of services, including marketing and business development, business strategy and planning, and transition support. Regulatory compliance consulting and support services are available, as well as website design and development capabilities. The Company maintains a website that provides interactive tools, educational content, and research reports to assist advisors thinking about establishing their own independent practices.

 

The Company offers an array of services to help advisors establish their own independent practices through the Business Start-up Solutions package. For some IAs this includes access to dedicated service teams and outsourcing of back-office operations, as well as third-party firms who provide assistance with real estate, errors and omissions insurance, and company benefits.

 

The Company offers a variety of educational materials and events to IAs seeking to expand their knowledge of industry issues and trends, as well as sharpen their individual expertise and practice management skills. The Company updates and shares market research on an ongoing basis, and it holds a series of events and conferences every year to discuss topics of interest to IAs, including business strategies and best practices. The Company sponsors the annual IMPACT® conference, which provides a national forum for the Company, IAs, and other industry participants to gather and share information and insights.

 

IAs and their clients have access to a broad range of the Company’s products and services, including individual securities, mutual funds, ETFs, managed accounts, and cash products.

 

The Advisor Services segment also includes the Retirement Business Services business unit. Retirement Business Services provides trust, custody, and retirement business services to independent retirement plan advisors and independent recordkeepers. Plan assets are held at the Business Trust division of Schwab Bank. The Company and independent retirement plan providers work together to serve plan sponsors, combining the consulting and administrative expertise of the administrator with the Company’s investment, technology, trust, and custodial services. Retirement Business Services also offers the Schwab Personal Choice Retirement Account® for retirement plans.

 

Regulation

 

CSC is a savings and loan holding company and Schwab Bank, CSC’s depository institution subsidiary, is a federal savings bank. CSC is subject to supervision and regulation by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the Federal Reserve). CSC is currently not subject to specific statutory capital requirements; however, CSC is required to serve as a source of strength for Schwab Bank. Under the “Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act” (the Dodd-Frank Act), CSC will be subject to new minimum leverage and minimum risk-based capital ratio requirements that will be set by the Federal Reserve that are at least as stringent as the current requirements generally applicable to insured depository institutions. These requirements will be phased in beginning January 1, 2015. For further information, see “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations  Current Market and Regulatory Environment and Other Developments.”

 

Schwab Bank is subject to supervision and regulation by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), as well as various requirements and restrictions under federal and state laws, including regulatory capital guidelines. For additional information on the regulations applicable to CSC, Schwab, Schwab Bank, and optionsXpress, Inc., see “Item 8 – Financial Statements and Supplementary Data – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – 22. Regulatory Requirements.”

 

The securities industry in the United States is subject to extensive regulation under both federal and state laws. CSC’s principal U.S. broker-dealers are Schwab and optionsXpress, Inc. Schwab is registered as a broker-dealer with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), the fifty states, and the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. optionsXpress, Inc. is registered as a broker-dealer with the SEC, the fifty states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. Schwab and CSIM are registered as investment advisors with the SEC. Additionally, Schwab and optionsXpress, Inc. are regulated by the Commodities Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) with respect to the commodity

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futures and commodities trading activities they conduct as an introducing broker and futures commission merchant, respectively.

 

Much of the regulation of broker-dealers has been delegated to self-regulatory organizations (SROs). Schwab and optionsXpress, Inc. are members of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (FINRA), the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board (MSRB), NYSE Arca, and the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE). optionsXpress, Inc. is also a member of other exchanges. The primary regulators of Schwab are FINRA and, for municipal securities, the MSRB. The primary regulators of optionsXpress, Inc. are FINRA, CBOE, and for municipal securities, the MSRB. The National Futures Association (NFA) is Schwab and optionsXpress, Inc.’s primary regulator for futures and commodities trading activities. The Company’s business is also subject to oversight by regulatory bodies in other countries in which the Company operates.

 

The principal purpose of regulating broker-dealers and investment advisors is the protection of clients and the securities markets. The regulations, to which broker-dealers and investment advisors are subject, cover all aspects of the securities business, including, among other things, sales and trading practices, publication of research, margin lending, uses and safekeeping of clients’ funds and securities, capital adequacy, recordkeeping and reporting, fee arrangements, disclosure to clients, fiduciary duties owed to advisory clients, and the conduct of directors, officers and employees.

 

Schwab and optionsXpress, Inc. are both subject to Rule 15c3-1 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the Uniform Net Capital Rule) and related SRO requirements. The CFTC and NFA also impose net capital requirements. The Uniform Net Capital Rule specifies minimum capital requirements that are intended to ensure the general financial soundness and liquidity of broker-dealers. Because CSC itself is not a registered broker-dealer, it is not subject to the Uniform Net Capital Rule. However, if Schwab fails to maintain specified levels of net capital, such failure would constitute a default by CSC under debt covenants under CSC’s credit agreement.

 

The Uniform Net Capital Rule limits broker-dealers’ ability to transfer capital to parent companies and other affiliates. Compliance with the Uniform Net Capital Rule could limit Schwab’s operations and its ability to repay subordinated debt to CSC, which in turn could limit CSC’s ability to repay debt, pay cash dividends, and purchase shares of its outstanding stock.

 

In addition to net capital requirements, as self-clearing broker-dealers, Schwab and optionsXpress, Inc. are subject to cash deposit and collateral requirements with clearing houses, such as the Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation (DTCC) and Options Clearing Corporation, which may fluctuate significantly from time to time based upon the nature and size of clients’ trading activity.

 

Sources of Net Revenues

 

The Company’s major sources of net revenues are asset management and administration fees, net interest revenue, and trading revenue. The Company generates asset management and administration fees through its proprietary and third-party mutual fund offerings, as well as fee-based advisory solutions. Net interest revenue is the difference between interest earned on interest-earning assets and interest paid on funding sources. The Company generates trading revenue through commissions earned for executing trades for clients and principal transaction revenue primarily from trading activity in client fixed income securities.

 

For revenue information by source for the three years ended December 31, 2013, see “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Results of Operations – Net Revenues.”

 

Available Information

 

The Company files annual, quarterly, and current reports, proxy statements, and other information with the SEC. The Company’s SEC filings are available to the public over the Internet on the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov. You may read and copy any document that the Company files with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, DC 20549. You may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at
1-800-SEC-0330.

 

On the Company’s website, http://www.aboutschwab.com, the Company posts the following recent filings as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC: the Company’s annual reports on

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Form 10-K, the Company’s quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, the Company’s current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. All such filings are available free of charge either on the Company’s website or by request via email (investor.relations@schwab.com), telephone (415-667-1959), or mail (Charles Schwab Investor Relations at 211 Main Street, San Francisco, CA 94105).

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

 

The Company faces a variety of risks that may affect its operations or financial results, and many of those risks are driven by factors that the Company cannot control or predict. The following discussion addresses those risks that management believes are the most significant, although there may be other risks that could arise, or may prove to be more significant than expected, that may affect the Company’s operations or financial results.

 

For a discussion of the Company’s risk management, including operational risk, credit risk, market risk, liquidity risk, compliance risk, and legal risk, see “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Risk Management.”

 

Developments in the business, economic, and geopolitical environment could negatively impact the Company’s business.

 

The Company’s business can be adversely affected by the general environment – economic, corporate, securities market, regulatory, and geopolitical developments all play a role in client asset valuations, trading activity, interest rates and overall investor engagement, and are outside of the Company’s control. Deterioration in the housing and credit markets, reductions in short-term interest rates, and decreases in securities valuations negatively impact the Company’s net interest revenue, asset management and administration fees, and capital resources.

 

Extensive regulation of the Company’s businesses limits the Company’s activities and may subject it to significant penalties.

 

As a participant in the securities, banking and financial services industries, the Company is subject to extensive regulation under both federal and state laws by governmental agencies, supervisory authorities, and SROs. Such regulation continues to grow more extensive and complex, and regulatory proceedings continue to become more frequent and sanctions more severe. The requirements imposed by the Company’s regulators are designed to ensure the integrity of the financial markets, the safety and soundness of financial institutions, and the protection of clients. These regulations often serve to limit the Company’s activities by way of capital, customer protection and market conduct requirements, and restrictions on the businesses activities that the Company may conduct. Despite the Company’s efforts to comply with applicable regulations, there are a number of risks, particularly in areas where applicable regulations may be unclear or where regulators revise their previous guidance. Any enforcement actions or other proceedings brought by the Company’s regulators against the Company or its affiliates, officers or employees could result in fines, penalties, cease and desist orders, enforcement actions, suspension or expulsion, or other disciplinary sanctions, including limitations on the Company’s business activities, any of which could harm the Company’s reputation and adversely affect the Company’s results of operations and financial condition.

 

The Company maintains systems and procedures designed to ensure that it complies with applicable laws and regulations. However, some legal/regulatory frameworks provide for the imposition of fines or penalties for noncompliance even though the noncompliance was inadvertent or unintentional and even though there was in place at the time systems and procedures reasonably designed to prevent violations. There may be other negative consequences resulting from a finding of noncompliance, including restrictions on certain activities. Such a finding may also damage the Company’s reputation and could restrict the ability of institutional investment managers to invest in the Company’s securities.

 

Legislation or changes in rules and regulations could negatively impact the Company’s business and financial results.

 

New legislation, rule changes, or changes in the interpretation or enforcement of existing federal, state and SRO rules and regulations, including changes relating to money market mutual funds, broker-dealer fiduciary duties and mortgage products and services, may directly affect the operation and profitability of the Company or its specific business lines. The profitability

7


 

THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

 

 

of the Company could also be affected by rules and regulations which impact the business and financial communities generally, including changes to the laws governing taxation, electronic commerce, client privacy and security of client data. In addition, the rules and regulations could result in limitations on the lines of business the Company conducts, modifications to the Company’s business practices, increased capital requirements, or additional costs.

 

Financial reforms and related regulations may affect the Company’s business activities, financial position and profitability.

 

The Dodd-Frank Act was signed into law in July 2010 and implementation is ongoing. This legislation makes extensive changes to the laws regulating financial services firms and significant rule-making and interpretation remains. In addition, the legislation mandates multiple studies, which could result in additional legislative or regulatory action. Among other things, the legislation authorizes various assessments and fees and requires the establishment of minimum leverage and risk-based capital requirements for insured depository institutions, and requires the SEC to complete studies and develop rules regarding various investor protection issues. The legislation also charges the Federal Reserve with drafting enhanced regulatory requirements for non-bank financial institutions designated as “systemically important.” CSC has not been designated as “systemically important,” but could be designated in the future. The legislation also eliminated the Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS) effective July 21, 2011 and, as a result, the Federal Reserve became CSC’s primary regulator and the OCC became the primary regulator of Schwab Bank. CSC will continue to review the impact that proposed rule-making will have on the Company’s business, financial condition, and results of operations, as such rule-making is issued.

 

In July 2013, the U.S. banking agencies issued regulatory capital rules that implement Basel III and relevant provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act which are applicable to savings and loan holding companies, such as CSC, and federal savings banks, such as Schwab Bank. The rules, which will be phased in beginning on January 1, 2015, will subject CSC to consolidated capital requirements. The rules also establish more restrictive capital definitions, higher risk-weightings for certain asset classes, higher minimum capital ratios and capital buffers. Failure to meet the minimum capital requirements could result in certain mandatory and possibly additional discretionary actions by regulators that, if undertaken, could have a negative impact on the Company.

 

In October 2013, the Federal Reserve, in collaboration with the OCC and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, issued a joint notice of proposed rulemaking that would implement a quantitative liquidity requirement generally consistent with the liquidity coverage ratio (LCR) standard established by Basel III. The LCR would apply to all internationally active banking organizations. The Federal Reserve also proposed a modified LCR standard, which would apply to the Company. Under the modified LCR, a depository institution holding company would be required to maintain high-quality liquid assets in an amount related to its total net cash outflows over a prospective period. The proposed transition period for the rule would begin on January 1, 2015, and institutions would be required to be fully compliant by January 1, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the proposed rule, which may be subject to further modification.

 

The legislation also established a new independent Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), which has broad rulemaking, supervisory and enforcement authority over consumer products, including mortgages, home-equity loans and credit cards. States will be permitted to adopt stricter consumer protection laws and state attorney generals can enforce consumer protection rules issued by the CFPB. These rules may negatively impact the range of products offered and profitability of our loan products.

 

The legislation gives the SEC discretion to adopt rules regarding standards of conduct for broker-dealers providing investment advice to retail customers. The various studies required by the legislation could result in additional rulemaking or legislative action, which could impact the Company’s business and financial results.

 

The changes resulting from the legislation may impact the profitability of the Company’s business activities, require changes to certain of its business practices, impose upon the Company more stringent capital, liquidity and leverage ratio requirements or otherwise adversely affect the Company’s business. These changes may also require the Company to invest significant management attention and resources to evaluate and make necessary changes.

 

8


 

THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

 

 

Technology and operational failures or errors could subject the Company to losses, litigation, and regulatory actions.

 

The Company faces operational risk, which is the potential for loss due to inadequate or failed internal processes, systems, and firms or exchanges handling client orders, or from external events and relationships impacting the Company and/or any of its key business partners and vendors. This risk also includes the risk of human error, execution errors, employee misconduct, unauthorized trading, external fraud, computer viruses, distributed denial of service attacks, terrorist attacks, natural disaster, power outage, capacity constraints, software flaws and similar events.  For example, the Company and other financial institutions have been the target of various denial of service attacks that have, in certain circumstances, made websites, mobile applications and email unavailable for periods of time. It could take several hours or more to restore full functionality to the Company’s technology or other operating systems in the event of an unforeseen event which could affect the Company’s ability to process and settle client transactions. Moreover, instances of fraud or other misconduct, including improper use or disclosure of confidential client, employee, or company information, might also negatively impact the Company’s reputation and client confidence in the Company, in addition to any direct losses that might result from such instances. Despite the Company’s efforts to identify areas of risk, oversee operational areas involving risk, and implement policies and procedures designed to manage these risks, there can be no assurance that the Company will not suffer unexpected losses, reputational damage or regulatory action due to technology or other operational failures or errors, including those of its vendors or other third parties.

 

While the Company devotes substantial attention and resources to the reliability, capacity and scalability of its systems, extraordinary trading volumes could cause the Company’s computer systems to operate at unacceptably slow speeds or even fail, affecting the Company’s ability to process client transactions and potentially resulting in some clients’ orders being executed at prices they did not anticipate. Disruptions in service and slower system response times could result in substantial losses and decreased client satisfaction. The Company is also dependent on the integrity and performance of securities exchanges, clearing houses and other intermediaries to which client orders are routed for execution and settlement. Systems failures and constraints and transaction error at such intermediaries could result in delays and erroneous or unanticipated execution prices, cause substantial losses for the Company and for its clients, and subject the Company to claims from its clients for damages.

 

A significant decrease in the Company’s liquidity could negatively affect the Company’s business and financial management as well as reduce client confidence in the Company.

 

Maintaining adequate liquidity is crucial to the business operations of the Company, including margin lending, mortgage lending, and transaction settlement, among other liquidity needs. The Company meets its liquidity needs primarily through cash generated by client activity and operating earnings, as well as cash provided by external financing. Fluctuations in client cash or deposit balances, as well as changes in market conditions, may affect the Company’s ability to meet its liquidity needs. A reduction in the Company’s liquidity position could reduce client confidence in the Company, which could result in the loss of client accounts. In addition, if the Company’s broker-dealer or depository institution subsidiaries fail to meet regulatory capital guidelines, regulators could limit the subsidiaries’ operations or their ability to upstream funds to CSC, which could reduce CSC’s liquidity and adversely affect its ability to repay debt and pay cash dividends. In addition, CSC may need to provide additional funding to such subsidiaries.

 

Factors which may adversely affect the Company’s liquidity position include a reduction in cash held in banking or brokerage client accounts, a dramatic increase in the Company’s client lending activities (including margin, mortgage-related, and personal lending), unanticipated outflows of company cash, increased capital requirements, other regulatory changes or a loss of market or customer confidence in the Company. Schwab may also experience temporary liquidity demands due to timing differences between clients’ transaction settlements and the availability of segregated cash balances.

 

When cash generated by client activity and operating earnings is not sufficient for the Company’s liquidity needs, the Company must seek external financing. During periods of disruptions in the credit and capital markets, potential sources of external financing could be reduced, and borrowing costs could increase. Although CSC and Schwab maintain committed and uncommitted, unsecured bank credit lines and CSC has a commercial paper issuance program, as well as a universal shelf registration statement filed with the SEC, financing may not be available on acceptable terms or at all due to market conditions or disruptions in the credit markets. In addition, a significant downgrade in the Company’s credit ratings could increase its borrowing costs and limit its access to the capital markets.

 

9


 

THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

 

 

The Company may suffer significant losses from its credit exposures.

 

The Company’s businesses are subject to the risk that a client, counterparty or issuer will fail to perform its contractual obligations, or that the value of collateral held to secure obligations will prove to be inadequate. While the Company has policies and procedures designed to manage this risk, the policies and procedures may not be fully effective. The Company’s exposure mainly results from margin lending, clients’ options trading, securities lending, mortgage lending, its role as a counterparty in financial contracts and investing activities, and indirectly from the investing activities of certain of the proprietary funds that the Company sponsors.

 

When clients purchase securities on margin or trade options, the Company is subject to the risk that clients may default on their obligations when the value of the securities and cash in their accounts falls below the amount of clients’ indebtedness. Abrupt changes in securities valuations and the failure of clients to meet margin calls could result in substantial losses.

 

The Company has exposure to credit risk associated with its securities available for sale and securities held to maturity portfolios, which include U.S. agency and non-agency mortgage-backed securities, asset-backed securities, corporate debt securities, U.S. agency notes, certificates of deposit, and commercial paper among other investments. These instruments are also subject to price fluctuations as a result of changes in the financial market’s assessment of issuer credit quality, increases in the unemployment rate, delinquency and default rates, housing price declines, changes in prevailing interest rates and other economic factors. A failure to raise the U.S. debt limit and/or a downgrade of the U.S. government’s credit rating could decrease the value of the Company’s securities in both the available for sale and held to maturity portfolios.

 

Loss of value of securities available for sale and securities held to maturity can negatively affect earnings if management determines that such securities are other than temporarily impaired. The evaluation of whether other-than-temporary impairment exists is a matter of judgment, which includes the assessment of several factors. See “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Critical Accounting Estimates.” If management determines that a security is other-than-temporarily impaired, the cost basis of the security may be adjusted and a corresponding loss may be recognized in current earnings. Certain securities available for sale experienced continued credit deterioration in 2013, which resulted in impairment charges. Deterioration in the performance of securities available for sale and securities held to maturity could result in the recognition of future impairment charges.

 

The Company’s loans to banking clients primarily consist of First Mortgages and HELOCs. Increases in delinquency and default rates, housing price declines, increases in the unemployment rate, and other economic factors can result in charges for loan loss reserves and write downs on such loans.

 

Heightened credit exposures to specific counterparties or instruments (concentration risk) can increase the Company’s risk of loss. Examples of the Company’s credit concentration risk include:

·

large positions in financial instruments collateralized by assets with similar economic characteristics or in securities of a single issuer or industry;

·

mortgage loans and HELOCs to banking clients which are secured by properties in the same geographic region; and

·

margin and securities lending activities collateralized by securities of a single issuer or industry.

 

The Company may also be subject to concentration risk when lending to a particular counterparty, borrower or issuer.

 

The Company sponsors a number of proprietary money market mutual funds and other proprietary funds. Although the Company has no obligation to do so, the Company may decide for competitive or other reasons to provide credit, liquidity or other support to its funds in the event of significant declines in valuation of fund holdings or significant redemption activity that exceeds available liquidity. Such support could cause the Company to take significant charges, could reduce the Company’s liquidity and, in certain situations, could, with respect to proprietary funds other than money market mutual funds, result in the Company having to consolidate a supported fund in its financial statements. If the Company chose not to provide credit, liquidity or other support in such a situation, the Company could suffer reputational damage and its business could be adversely affected.

 

10


 

THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

 

 

Significant interest rate changes could affect the Company’s profitability and financial condition.

 

The Company is exposed to interest rate risk primarily from changes in the interest rates on its interest-earning assets (such as cash equivalents, short- and long-term investments, and mortgage and margin loans) relative to changes in the costs of its funding sources (including deposits in banking and uninvested cash in brokerage accounts, short-term borrowings, and long-term debt). Changes in interest rates generally affect the interest earned on interest-earning assets differently than the interest the Company pays on its interest-bearing liabilities. In addition, certain funding sources do not bear interest and their cost therefore does not vary. Overall, the Company is positioned to benefit from a rising interest rate environment; the Company could be adversely affected by a decline in interest rates if the rates that the Company earns on interest-earning assets decline more than the rates that the Company pays on its funding sources, or if prepayment rates increase on the mortgages and mortgage-backed securities that the Company holds. The Company may also be limited in the amount it can reduce interest rates on funding sources, such as deposit accounts, and still offer a competitive return.

 

As a result of the low interest rate environment, the Company has been waiving and may continue to waive a portion of its management fees for certain Schwab-sponsored money market mutual funds. To the extent the overall yield on certain Schwab-sponsored money market mutual funds falls to a level at or below the management fees on those funds, the Company may waive a portion of its fee in order to continue providing some return to clients. Such fee waivers negatively impact the Company’s asset management and administration fees.

 

The Company is subject to litigation and regulatory investigations and proceedings and may not be successful in defending itself against claims or proceedings.

 

The financial services industry faces substantial litigation and regulatory risks. The Company is subject to claims and lawsuits in the ordinary course of business, including arbitrations, class actions and other litigation, some of which include claims for substantial or unspecified damages. The Company is also the subject of inquiries, investigations, and proceedings by regulatory and other governmental agencies.

 

Litigation and arbitration claims include those brought by the Company’s clients and the clients of third party advisors whose assets are custodied at the Company. Claims from clients of third party advisors may allege losses due to investment decisions made by the third party advisors or the advisors’ misconduct. Litigation claims also include claims from third parties alleging infringement of their intellectual property rights (e.g., patents). Such litigation can require the expenditure of significant Company resources. If the Company were found to have infringed a third-party patent, or other intellectual property rights, it could incur substantial damages, and in some circumstances could be enjoined from using certain technology, or providing certain products or services.

 

Actions brought against the Company may result in settlements, awards, injunctions, fines, penalties or other results adverse to the Company including reputational harm. Even if the Company is successful in defending against these actions, the defense of such matters may result in the Company incurring significant expenses. Predicting the outcome of matters is inherently difficult, particularly where claims are brought on behalf of various classes of claimants, claimants seek substantial or unspecified damages, or when investigations or legal proceedings are at an early stage. A substantial judgment, settlement, fine, or penalty could be material to the Company’s operating results or cash flows for a particular future period, depending on the Company’s results for that period. In market downturns, the volume of legal claims and amount of damages sought in litigation and regulatory proceedings against financial services companies have historically increased. See “Item 8 – Financial Statements and Supplementary Data – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – 14. Commitments and Contingencies.”

 

The Company relies on outsourced service providers to perform key functions.

 

The Company relies on external service providers to perform certain key technology, processing, servicing, and support functions. These service providers face technology, operating, business, and economic risks, and any significant failures by them, including the improper use or disclosure of the Company’s confidential client, employee, or company information, could cause the Company to incur losses and could harm the Company’s reputation. An interruption in or the cessation of service by any external service provider as a result of systems failures, capacity constraints, financial difficulties or for any other reason, and the Company’s inability to make alternative arrangements in a timely manner could disrupt the Company’s

11


 

THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

 

 

operations, impact the Company’s ability to offer certain products and services, and result in financial losses to the Company. Switching to an alternative service provider may require a transition period and result in less efficient operations.

 

Security breaches of the Company’s systems, or those of its clients or third parties, may subject the Company to significant liability and damage the Company’s reputation.

 

The Company’s business involves the secure processing, storage and transmission of confidential information about the Company and its clients. Information security risks for financial institutions are increasing, in part because of the use of the internet and mobile technologies to conduct financial transactions, and the increased sophistication and activities of organized crime, activists, hackers and other external parties. The Company’s systems and those of other financial institutions have been and are likely to continue to be the target of cyber attacks, malicious code, computer viruses and denial of service attacks that could result in unauthorized access, misuse, loss or destruction of data (including confidential customer information), account takeovers, unavailability of service or other events. Despite the Company’s efforts to ensure the integrity of its systems, the Company may not be able to anticipate or to implement effective preventive measures against all security breaches of these types, especially because the techniques used change frequently or are not recognized until launched, and because security attacks can originate from a wide variety of sources. Data security breaches may also result from non-technical means, for example, actions by a suborned employee.

 

Security breaches, including breaches of the Company’s security measures or those of the Company’s third-party service providers or clients, could result in a violation of applicable privacy and other laws and could subject the Company to significant liability or loss that may not be covered by insurance, actions by the Company’s regulators, damage to the Company’s reputation, or a loss of confidence in the Company’s security measures which could harm the Company’s business. The Company may be required to expend significant additional resources to modify its protective measures or to investigate and remediate vulnerabilities or other exposures.

 

The Company also faces risk related to external fraud involving the compromise of clients’ personal electronic devices that can facilitate the unauthorized access to login and password information for their various online financial accounts, including those at the Company. Such risk has grown in recent years due to the increased sophistication and activities of organized crime and other external parties, including foreign state-sponsored parties. For example, these parties send fraudulent “phishing” emails to the Company’s clients in order to misappropriate user names, passwords or other personal information. Losses reimbursed to clients under the Company’s guarantee against unauthorized account activity could have a negative impact on the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Potential strategic transactions could have a negative impact on the Company’s financial position.

 

The Company evaluates potential strategic transactions, including business combinations, acquisitions, and dispositions. Any such transaction could have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. The process of evaluating, negotiating, and effecting any such strategic transaction may divert management’s attention from other business concerns, and might cause the loss of key clients, employees, and business partners. Moreover, integrating businesses and systems may result in unforeseen expenditures as well as numerous risks and uncertainties, including the need to integrate operational, financial, and management information systems and management controls, integrate relationships with clients and business partners, and manage facilities and employees in different geographic areas. In addition, an acquisition may cause the Company to assume liabilities or become subject to litigation or regulatory proceedings. Further, the Company may not realize the anticipated benefits from an acquisition, and any future acquisition could be dilutive to the Company’s current stockholders’ percentage ownership or to earnings per common share.

 

The Company’s acquisitions and dispositions are typically subject to closing conditions, including regulatory approvals and the absence of material adverse changes in the business, operations or financial condition of the entity being acquired or sold. To the extent the Company enters into an agreement to buy or sell an entity, there can be no guarantee that the transaction will close when expected, or at all. If a material transaction does not close, the Company’s stock price could decline.

 

The Company’s industry is characterized by aggressive price competition.

 

The Company continually monitors its pricing in relation to competitors and periodically adjusts trade commission rates, interest rates on deposits and loans, fees for advisory services, and other fee structures to enhance its competitive position.

12


 

THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

 

 

Increased price competition from other financial services firms, such as reduced commissions to attract trading volume or higher deposit rates to attract client cash balances, could impact the Company’s results of operations and financial condition.

 

The industry in which the Company competes has undergone a period of consolidation.

 

The Company faces intense competition for the clients that it serves and the products and services it offers. There has been significant consolidation as financial institutions with which the Company competes have been acquired by or merged into or acquired other firms. This consolidation may continue. Competition is based on many factors, including the range of products and services offered, pricing, customer service, brand recognition, reputation, and perceived financial strength. Consolidations may enable other firms to offer a broader range of products and services than the Company does, or offer such products at more competitive prices.

 

The Company faces competition in hiring and retaining qualified employees, especially for employees who are key to the Company’s ability to build and enhance client relationships.

 

The market for quality professionals and other personnel in the Company’s business is highly competitive. Competition is particularly strong for financial consultants who build and sustain the Company’s client relationships. The Company’s ability to continue to compete effectively will depend upon its ability to attract new employees and retain existing employees while managing compensation costs.

 

The Company’s stock price has fluctuated historically, and may continue to fluctuate.

 

The Company’s stock price can be volatile. Among the factors that may affect the volatility of the Company’s stock price are the following:

·

speculation in the investment community or the press about, or actual changes in, the Company’s competitive position, organizational structure, executive team, operations, financial condition, financial reporting and results, effectiveness of cost reduction initiatives, or strategic transactions;

·

the announcement of new products, services, acquisitions, or dispositions by the Company or its competitors;

·

increases or decreases in revenue or earnings, changes in earnings estimates by the investment community, and variations between estimated financial results and actual financial results.

 

Changes in the stock market generally or as it concerns the Company’s industry, as well as geopolitical, economic, and business factors unrelated to the Company, may also affect the Company’s stock price.

 

Future sales of CSC’s equity securities may adversely affect the market price of CSC’s common stock and result in dilution.

 

CSC’s certificate of incorporation authorizes CSC’s Board of Directors to, among other things, issue additional shares of common or preferred stock or securities convertible or exchangeable into equity securities, without stockholder approval. CSC may issue additional equity or convertible securities to raise additional capital or for other purposes. The issuance of any additional equity or convertible securities could be substantially dilutive to holders of CSC’s common stock and may adversely affect the market price of CSC’s common stock.

 

 

Item 1B.

Unresolved Securities and Exchange Commission Staff Comments

 

None.

 

 

13


 

THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

 

 

Item 2.

Properties

 

A summary of the Company’s significant locations at December 31, 2013, is presented in the following table. Locations are leased or owned as noted below. The square footage amounts are presented net of space that has been subleased to third parties.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Square Footage

(amounts in thousands)

Leased

 

Owned

 

Location

 

 

 

 

Corporate office space:

 

 

 

 

San Francisco, CA (1)

779 

 

 -

 

Service centers:

 

 

 

 

Phoenix, AZ (2)

37 

 

669 

 

Denver, CO

383 

 

 -

 

Indianapolis, IN

 -

 

274 

 

Austin, TX

252 

 

 -

 

Orlando, FL

148 

 

 -

 

Richfield, OH

 -

 

117 

 

 

(1)

Includes the Company’s headquarters.

(2)

Includes two data centers.

 

Substantially all of the Company’s branch offices are located in leased premises. The corporate headquarters, data centers, offices, and service centers support both of the Company’s segments.

 

 

 

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

 

For a discussion of legal proceedings, see “Item 8 – Financial Statements and Supplementary Data – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements14Commitments and Contingencies.”

 

 

14


 

THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

 

 

PART II

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer

 

Purchases of Equity Securities

 

CSC’s common stock is listed on The New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol SCHW. The number of common stockholders of record as of January 31,  2014, was 7,191. The closing market price per share on that date was $24.82.  

 

The quarterly high and low sales prices for CSC’s common stock and the other information required to be furnished pursuant to this item are included in “Item 8 – Financial Statements and Supplementary Data – Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – 27. Quarterly Financial Information (Unaudited) and 19. Employee Incentive, Retirement, and Deferred Compensation Plans.”

 

The following graph shows a five-year comparison of cumulative total returns for CSC’s common stock, the Dow Jones U.S. Investment Services Index, and the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index, each of which assumes an initial investment of $100 and reinvestment of dividends.

 

Picture 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31,

  

 

2008

 

 

2009

 

 

2010

 

 

2011

 

 

2012

 

 

2013

The Charles Schwab Corporation

  

$

100 

  

 

$

118 

  

 

$

109 

  

 

$

73 

  

 

$

95 

  

 

$

173 

  

Dow Jones U.S. Investment Services Index

  

$

100 

  

 

$

160 

  

 

$

165 

  

 

$

108 

  

 

$

137 

  

 

$

222 

  

Standard & Poor’s 500 Index

  

$

100 

  

 

$

126 

  

 

$

146 

  

 

$

149 

  

 

$

172 

  

 

$

228 

  

 

15


 

THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

 

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

The following table summarizes purchases made by or on behalf of CSC of its common stock for each calendar month in the fourth quarter of 2013:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Number of

 

Approximate Dollar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares Purchased

 

Value of Shares that

 

 

Total Number of

 

Average

 

as Part of Publicly

 

May Yet be Purchased

 

 

Shares Purchased

 

Price Paid

 

Announced Program (1)

 

under the Program

Month

 

(in thousands)

 

per Share

 

(in thousands)

 

(in millions)

October:

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share Repurchase Program (1)

  

 

 -

 

  

$

 -

  

 

 -

 

  

 

$

596 

 

Employee transactions (2)

  

 

21 

 

  

$

21.24 

  

 

N/A

 

  

 

 

N/A

 

November:

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share Repurchase Program (1)

  

 

 -

 

  

$

 -

  

 

 -

 

  

 

$

596 

 

Employee transactions (2)

  

 

1,052 

 

  

$

22.96 

  

 

N/A

 

  

 

 

N/A

 

December:

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share Repurchase Program (1)

  

 

 -

 

  

$

 -

  

 

 -

 

  

 

$

596 

 

Employee transactions (2)

  

 

 

  

$

24.82 

  

 

N/A

 

  

 

 

N/A

 

Total:

  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share Repurchase Program (1)

  

 

 -

 

  

$

 -

  

 

 -

 

  

 

$

596 

 

Employee transactions (2)

  

 

1,080 

 

  

$

22.94 

  

 

N/A

 

  

 

 

N/A

 

 

N/A Not applicable.

(1)

There were no share repurchases under the Share Repurchase Program during the fourth quarter. Repurchases under this program would occur under two authorizations by CSC’s Board of Directors, each covering up to $500 million of common stock that were publicly announced by the Company on April 25, 2007, and March 13, 2008. The remaining authorizations do not have an expiration date.

(2)

Includes restricted shares withheld (under the terms of grants under employee stock incentive plans) to offset tax withholding obligations that occur upon vesting and release of restricted shares. The Company may receive shares delivered or attested to pay the exercise price and/or to satisfy tax withholding obligations by employees who exercise stock options (granted under employee stock incentive plans), which are commonly referred to as stock swap exercises.

 

 

16


 

THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

 

 

 

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selected Financial and Operating Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(In Millions, Except Per Share Amounts, Ratios, or as Noted)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Growth Rates

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compounded

 

Annual

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4-Year (1)

 

1-Year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2009-2013

 

2012-2013

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

 

 

2011

 

 

2010

 

 

2009

Results of Operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenues

%

 

11 

%

 

$

5,435 

 

 

$

4,883 

 

 

$

4,691 

 

 

$

4,248 

 

 

$

4,193 

 

Expenses excluding interest

%

 

%

 

$

3,730 

 

 

$

3,433 

 

 

$

3,299 

 

 

$

3,469 

 

 

$

2,917 

 

Net income

%

 

15 

%

 

$

1,071 

 

 

$

928 

 

 

$

864 

 

 

$

454 

 

 

$

787 

 

Net income available to common stockholders

%

 

14 

%

 

$

1,010 

 

 

$

883 

 

 

$

864 

 

 

$

454 

 

 

$

787 

 

Basic earnings per common share

%

 

13 

%

 

$

.78 

 

 

$

.69 

 

 

$

.70 

 

 

$

.38 

 

 

$

.68 

 

Diluted earnings per common share

%

 

13 

%

 

$

.78 

 

 

$

.69 

 

 

$

.70 

 

 

$

.38 

 

 

$

.68 

 

Dividends declared per common share

 

 

 

 

$

.24 

 

 

$

.24 

 

 

$

.24 

 

 

$

.24 

 

 

$

.24 

 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding — diluted

%

 

%

 

 

1,293 

 

 

 

1,275 

 

 

 

1,229 

 

 

 

1,194 

 

 

 

1,160 

 

Asset management and administration fees as a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

percentage of net revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

43 

%

 

 

42 

%

 

 

41 

%

 

 

43 

%

 

 

45 

%

Net interest revenue as a percentage of net revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

36 

%

 

 

36 

%

 

 

37 

%

 

 

36 

%

 

 

30 

%

Trading revenue as a percentage of net revenues (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17 

%

 

 

18 

%

 

 

20 

%

 

 

20 

%

 

 

24 

%

Effective income tax rate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

37.2 

%

 

 

36.0 

%

 

 

37.9 

%

 

 

41.7 

%

 

 

38.3 

%

Capital expenditures — purchases of equipment,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

office facilities, and property, net

18 

%

 

95 

%

 

$

269 

 

 

$

138 

 

 

$

190 

 

 

$

127 

 

 

$

139 

 

Capital expenditures, net, as a percentage of net revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

%

 

 

%

 

 

%

 

 

%

 

 

%

Performance Measures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenue growth (decline)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11 

%

 

 

%

 

 

10 

%

 

 

%

 

 

(19)

%

Pre-tax profit margin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31.4 

%

 

 

29.7 

%

 

 

29.7 

%

 

 

18.3 

%

 

 

30.4 

%

Return on average common stockholders’ equity (3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11 

%

 

 

11 

%

 

 

12 

%

 

 

%

 

 

17 

%

Financial Condition (at year end)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

17 

%

 

%

 

$

143,642 

 

 

$

133,617 

 

 

$

108,553 

 

 

$

92,568 

 

 

$

75,431 

 

Long-term debt

%

 

17 

%

 

$

1,903 

 

 

$

1,632 

 

 

$

2,001 

 

 

$

2,006 

 

 

$

1,512 

 

Stockholders’ equity (4)

20 

%

 

%

 

$

10,381 

 

 

$

9,589 

 

 

$

7,714 

 

 

$

6,226 

 

 

$

5,073 

 

Assets to stockholders’ equity ratio

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14 

 

 

 

14 

 

 

 

14 

 

 

 

15 

 

 

 

15 

 

Long-term debt to total financial capital

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(long-term debt plus stockholders’ equity)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15 

%

 

 

15 

%

 

 

21 

%

 

 

24 

%

 

 

23 

%

Employee Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Full-time equivalent employees (in thousands,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

at year end)

%

 

 

 

 

13.8 

 

 

 

13.8 

 

 

 

14.1 

 

 

 

12.8 

 

 

 

12.4 

 

Net revenues per average full-time equivalent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

employee (in thousands)

%

 

10 

%

 

$

391 

 

 

$

354 

 

 

$

350 

 

 

$

337 

 

 

$

338 

 

 

(1)

The compounded 4-year growth rate is computed using the following formula: Compound annual growth rate = (Ending Value / Beginning Value) .25 - 1.

(2)

Trading revenue includes commission and principal transaction revenues.

(3)

Return on average common stockholders’ equity is calculated using net income available to common stockholders divided by average common stockholders’ equity.

(4)

In 2012, the Company issued non-cumulative perpetual preferred stock, Series B, for a total liquidation preference of $485 million and non-cumulative perpetual preferred stock, Series A, with a total liquidation preference of $400 million.

 

 

 

17


 

THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

(Tabular Amounts in Millions, Except Ratios, or as Noted)

 

 

 

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of

 

Operations

 

OVERVIEW

 

Management of the Company focuses on several key client activity and financial metrics in evaluating the Company’s financial position and operating performance. Management believes that earnings per common share, net revenue growth, pre-tax profit margin, and return on common stockholders’ equity provide broad indicators of the Company’s overall financial health, operating efficiency, and ability to generate acceptable returns within the context of a given operating environment. Expenses excluding interest as a percentage of average client assets is considered by management to be a measure of operating efficiency. Results for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012, and 2011 are:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Growth Rate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1-Year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

2012-2013

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

 

 

2011

Client Activity Metrics:

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net new client assets (1) (in billions)

  

(70)

 

$

41.6 

  

 

$

139.7 

  

 

$

145.9 

  

Client assets (2) (in billions, at year end)

  

15 

 

$

2,249.4 

  

 

$

1,951.6 

  

 

$

1,677.7 

  

New brokerage accounts (3) (in thousands)

  

%

 

 

960 

  

 

 

900 

  

 

 

1,138 

  

Active brokerage accounts (4) (in thousands, at year end)

  

 

 

9,093 

  

 

 

8,787 

  

 

 

8,552 

  

Company Financial Metrics:

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenues

  

11 

 

$

5,435 

  

 

$

4,883 

  

 

$

4,691 

  

Expenses excluding interest

  

 

 

3,730 

  

 

 

3,433 

  

 

 

3,299 

  

Income before taxes on income

  

18 

 

 

1,705 

  

 

 

1,450 

  

 

 

1,392 

  

Taxes on income

  

21 

%

 

 

634 

  

 

 

522 

  

 

 

528 

  

Net income

  

15 

 

$

1,071 

  

 

$

928 

  

 

$

864 

  

Net income available to common stockholders

  

14 

 

$

1,010 

  

 

$

883 

  

 

$

864 

  

Earnings per common share – diluted

  

13 

%

 

$

.78

  

 

$

.69

  

 

$

.70

  

Net revenue growth from prior year

  

 

 

 

 

11 

 

 

 

 

10 

Pre-tax profit margin

  

 

 

 

 

31.4 

 

 

29.7 

 

 

29.7 

Return on common stockholders’ equity (5)

  

 

 

 

 

11 

 

 

11 

 

 

12 

Expenses excluding interest as a percentage of

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

average client assets

 

 

 

 

 

0.18 

 

 

0.19 

 

 

0.20 

 

(1)

Net new client assets is defined as the total inflows of client cash and securities to the firm less client outflows. Management believes that this metric along with core net new assets depicts how well the Company’s products and services appeal to new and existing clients in a given operating environment. Core net new assets totaled $140.8 billion, $112.4 billion, and $82.3 billion in 2013, 2012, and 2011, respectively. See below for items excluded from core net new assets.

(2)

Client assets is the market value of all client assets custodied at the Company. Management considers client assets to be indicative of the Company’s appeal in the marketplace. Additionally, fluctuations in certain components of client assets (e.g., Mutual Fund OneSource funds) directly impact asset management and administration fees.

(3)

New brokerage accounts include all brokerage accounts opened during the period, as well as any accounts added via acquisition.  This metric measures the Company’s effectiveness in attracting new clients and building stronger relationships with existing clients. See below comparisons of 2013 to 2012 and 2012 to 2011 for additional detail.

(4)

Active brokerage accounts include accounts with balances or activity within the preceding eight months. This metric is an indicator of the Company’s success in both attracting and retaining clients. See below comparisons of 2013 to 2012 and 2012 to 2011 for additional detail.

(5)

Calculated as net income available to common stockholders divided by common stockholders’ equity.

N/M Not meaningful.

 

18 


 

THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

(Tabular Amounts in Millions, Except Ratios, or as Noted)

 

 

Core net new client assets is defined as net new client assets before significant one-time flows. Management considers this to be a useful metric when comparing period-to-period client asset flows. The following one-time flows were excluded from core net new assets.

·

2013 excludes outflows of $74.5 billion relating to the planned transfer of a mutual fund clearing services client. The Company also reduced its reported total for overall client assets by $24.7 billion in 2013 to reflect the estimated impact of the consolidation of its retirement plan recordkeeping technology platforms and subsequent resignation from certain retirement plan clients. 

·

2012 excludes inflows of $27.7 billion from mutual fund clearing services clients and $900 million from the acquisition of ThomasPartners, Inc., and outflows of $1.3 billion from the closure and/or sale of certain subsidiaries of optionsXpress.

·

2011 excludes inflows of $56.1 billion from a mutual fund clearing services client and $7.5 billion from the acquisition of optionsXpress.

 

The Company’s major sources of net revenues are asset management and administration fees, net interest revenue, and trading revenue. The Company generates asset management and administration fees through its proprietary and third-party mutual fund offerings, as well as fee-based advisory solutions. Net interest revenue is the difference between interest earned on interest-earning assets and interest paid on funding sources. Asset management and administration fees and net interest revenue are impacted by securities valuations, interest rates, the amount and mix of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing funding sources, the Company’s ability to attract new clients, and client activity levels. The Company generates trading revenue through commissions earned for executing trades for clients and principal transaction revenue primarily from trading activity in client fixed income securities. Trading revenue is impacted by trading volumes, the volatility of prices in the equity and fixed income markets, and commission rates.

 

2013 Compared to 2012

 

Valuations in the broad equity markets improved during 2013 compared to 2012, as the Nasdaq Composite Index, Standard & Poor’s 500 Index, and Dow Jones Industrial Average increased 38%, 30%, and 26%, respectively. While the federal funds target rate remained unchanged at a range of zero to 0.25%, the average 10-year Treasury yield increased by 55 basis points to 2.33% during 2013 compared to 2012. In the same period however, the average three-month Treasury Bill yield decreased by 3 basis points to 0.05%.

 

The Company continued to experience growth in its client base during 2013 – core net new client assets totaled $140.8 billion, up 25% from $112.4 billion in 2012. Total client assets ended the year at a record $2.25 trillion, up 15% from 2012. In addition, the Company added almost 1 million new brokerage accounts during 2013, and active brokerage accounts reached 9.1 million, up 3% from 2012.

 

As a result of the Company’s strong key client activity metrics, the Company achieved a pre-tax profit margin of 31.4% in 2013. Overall, net income increased by 15% in 2013 from 2012 and the return on average common stockholders’ equity was 11% in 2013.

 

Along with the growth in its client base, enrollments in client advisory solutions and stability in the economic environment helped the Company achieve increases in all three major revenue lines in 2013 compared to 2012. Overall, net revenues increased by 11% in 2013 from 2012, primarily due to increases in asset management and administration fees,  net interest revenue, and trading revenue, partially offset by a decrease in other revenue – net. Asset management and administration fees increased primarily due to increases in mutual fund service fees and advice solutions fees. Net interest revenue increased primarily due to higher balances of interest-earning assets and higher interest rates on new fixed-rate investments. This increase was partially offset by the effect lower average short-term interest rates and the maturity of short-term interest-earning assets had on the Company’s average net interest margin.  Trading revenue increased primarily due to higher daily average revenue trades and two additional trading days during the year. Other revenue – net decreased primarily due to a non-recurring gain of $70 million relating to a confidential resolution of a vendor dispute in 2012.  

 

Expenses excluding interest increased by 9% in 2013 from 2012 primarily due to increases in compensation and benefits, professional services, advertising and market development, and other expense. Compensation and benefits expense increased

19 


 

THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

(Tabular Amounts in Millions, Except Ratios, or as Noted)

 

 

in 2013 from 2012 primarily due to higher incentive compensation relating to the transition to a new payout schedule for field incentive plans, increased individual sales performance compensation as a result of field sales volume, increased and accelerated health savings account (HSA) contributions, equity incentive plan changes to vesting for retirement-eligible employees, and increased funding for the corporate bonus plan commensurate with achieving higher earnings per common share. Advertising and market development expense increased primarily due to investment in the Company’s new advertising and branding initiative, Own your tomorrow.  

 

2012 Compared to 2011

 

Valuations in the broad equity markets improved during 2012 compared to 2011, as the Nasdaq Composite Index, Standard & Poor’s 500 Index, and Dow Jones Industrial Average increased 16%, 13%, and 7%, respectively. While the federal funds target rate remained unchanged at a range of zero to 0.25%, the average three-month Treasury Bill yield increased by 4 basis points to 0.08% during 2012 compared to 2011. At the same time, the average 10-year Treasury yield decreased by 98 basis points to 1.78%.

 

Despite continuing economic and interest rate challenges during the year, the Company’s sustained client focus helped deliver strong key client activity metrics in 2012. While net new client assets decreased slightly by 4% to $139.7 billion in 2012, core net new client assets totaled $112.4 billion, up 37% from $82.3 billion in 2011. Total client assets ended the year at a record $1.95 trillion, up 16% from 2011. In addition, the Company added 900,000 new brokerage accounts to its client base during 2012,  a decrease of 21% from the prior year due to the removal of approximately 30,000 accounts due to escheatment and other factors in 2012, and the addition of 315,000 new brokerage accounts from the acquisition of optionsXpress in 2011. Active brokerage accounts reached a record 8.8 million, up 3% from 2011.

 

Net revenues increased by 4% in 2012 from 2011 primarily due to increases in asset management and administration fees, net interest revenue, and other revenue – net, partially offset by a decrease in trading revenue. Asset management and administration fees increased primarily due to increases in advice solutions fees and other asset management and administration fees. Net interest revenue increased primarily due to higher average balances of interest-earning assets, partially offset by the effect of low overall interest rates and higher amortization of premiums relating to mortgage-backed securities. Other revenue – net increased primarily due to a non-recurring gain of $70 million relating to a confidential resolution of a vendor dispute in the second quarter of 2012. Trading revenue decreased primarily due to lower daily average revenue trades, partially offset by the inclusion of optionsXpress’ trading activity from its acquisition in September 2011.

 

Expenses excluding interest were higher by 4% in 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to the inclusion of a full year of optionsXpress’ expenses. Taxes on income in 2012 include a non-recurring state tax benefit of $20 million recorded in the third quarter of 2012. Overall, growth in the Company’s client base and ongoing expense discipline helped the Company increase net income by 7% in 2012 from 2011, and achieve a pre-tax profit margin of 29.7% and return on common stockholders’ equity of 11% in 2012.

 

 

CURRENT MARKET AND REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT AND OTHER DEVELOPMENTS

 

To the extent short-term interest rates remain at current low levels, the Company’s net interest revenue will continue to be constrained, even as growth in average balances helps to increase such revenue. The low short-term interest rate environment also affects asset management and administration fees. The Company continues to waive a portion of its management fees, as the overall yields on certain Schwab-sponsored money market mutual funds have remained at levels at or below the management fees on those funds. These and certain other Schwab-sponsored money market mutual funds may not be able to replace maturing securities with securities of equal or higher yields. As a result, the yields on such funds may remain around or decline from their current levels, and therefore below the stated management fees on those funds. To the extent this occurs, asset management and administration fees may continue to be negatively affected.

 

In July 2013, the U.S. banking agencies issued regulatory capital rules that implemented BASEL III and relevant provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act (Final Regulatory Capital Rules), which are applicable to savings and loan holding companies, such as CSC, and federal savings banks, such as Schwab Bank. The rules will be phased in beginning on January 1, 2015.

20 


 

THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

(Tabular Amounts in Millions, Except Ratios, or as Noted)

 

 

 

The Final Regulatory Capital Rules, among other things:

·

subject savings and loan holding companies to consolidated capital requirements;

·

revise the required minimum risk-based and leverage capital requirements by (1) establishing a new minimum Common Equity Tier 1 Risk-Based Capital Ratio (common equity Tier 1 capital to total risk-weighted assets) of 4.5%; (2) raising the minimum Tier 1 Risk-Based Capital Ratio from 4.0% to 6.0%; (3) maintaining the minimum Total Risk-Based Capital Ratio of 8.0%; and (4) maintaining a minimum Tier 1 Leverage Ratio (Tier 1 capital to adjusted average consolidated assets) of 4.0%;

·

add a requirement to maintain a minimum capital conservation buffer, composed of common equity Tier 1 capital, of 2.5% of risk-weighted assets, which means that banking organizations, on a fully phased-in basis no later than January 1, 2019, must maintain a Common Equity Tier 1  Risk-Based Capital Ratio greater than 7.0%; a Tier 1 Risk-Based Capital Ratio greater than 8.5% and a Total Risk-Based Capital Ratio greater than 10.5%; and

·

change the definition of capital categories for insured depository: to be considered “well-capitalized”, Schwab Bank must have a Common Equity Tier 1  Risk-Based Capital Ratio of at least 6.5%, a Tier 1  Risk-Based Capital Ratio of at least 8%, a Total Risk-Based Capital Ratio of at least 10% and a Tier 1 Leverage Ratio of at least 5%.

 

The new minimum regulatory capital ratios and changes to the calculation of risk-weighted assets are effective beginning January 1, 2015. The required minimum capital conservation buffer will be phased in incrementally, starting at 0.625% on January 1, 2016 and increasing to 1.25% on January 1, 2017, 1.875% on January 1, 2018 and 2.5% on January 1, 2019.

 

The Final Regulatory Capital Rules provide that the failure to maintain the minimum capital conservation buffer will result in restrictions on capital distributions and discretionary cash bonus payments to executive officers. The Company does not expect the Final Regulatory Capital Rules to have a material impact on the Company’s business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

On October 24, 2013, the Federal Reserve, in collaboration with the OCC and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, issued a joint notice of proposed rulemaking that would implement a quantitative liquidity requirement generally consistent with the LCR standard established by Basel III. The LCR would apply to all internationally active banking organizations. The Federal Reserve also proposed a modified LCR standard, which would apply to the Company. Under the modified LCR, a depository institution holding company would be required to maintain high-quality liquid assets in an amount related to its total net cash outflows over a prospective period. The proposed transition period for the rule would begin on January 1, 2015, and institutions would be required to be fully compliant by January 1, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the proposed rule, which may be subject to further modification.

 

In April 2013, the SEC published notice of a National Securities Clearing Corporation (NSCC) proposed rule change that would impose a supplemental liquidity funding obligation on certain NSCC participants. The NSCC is a subsidiary of DTCC. The stated purpose was to provide the NSCC with sufficient liquidity and financial resources to withstand a default by one of its members. The rule change, as proposed, could have required the Company to provide a supplemental liquidity deposit relating to options activity (Special SLD) and a supplemental liquidity deposit relating to equities activity (Regular SLD). The proposed rule change with regard to the Special SLD was approved and went into effect on February 1, 2014, and the Company does not expect the rule change to have a material impact on the Company’s business, financial condition, and results of operations. However, the proposed rule change with regard to the Regular SLD was withdrawn and alternative proposals are currently being discussed.

 

The Company is pursuing lawsuits in state court in San Francisco for rescission and damages against issuers, underwriters, and dealers of individual non-agency residential mortgage-backed securities on which the Company has experienced realized and unrealized losses. The lawsuits allege that offering documents for the securities contained material untrue and misleading statements about the securities and the underwriting standards and credit quality of the underlying loans. On January 27, 2012, and July 24, 2012, the court denied defendants’ motions to dismiss the claims with respect to all but 3 of the 51 securities, and discovery is proceeding.

 

21 


 

THE CHARLES SCHWAB CORPORATION

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

(Tabular Amounts in Millions, Except Ratios, or as Noted)

 

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion is an analysis of the Company’s results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012, and 2011.

 

Net Revenues

 

The Company’s major sources of net revenues are asset management and administration fees, net interest revenue, and trading revenue. Asset management and administration fees, net interest revenue, and trading revenue all increased in 2013 as compared to 2012. Asset management and administration fees and net interest revenue increased, while trading revenue decreased in 2012 as compared to 2011.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

% of

 

 

 

 

% of

 

 

 

 

% of

 

Growth Rate

 

 

 

 

Total Net

 

 

 

 

Total Net

 

 

 

 

Total Net

 

2012-2013

 

 

Amount

 

Revenues

 

 

Amount

 

Revenues

 

 

Amount

 

Revenues

Asset management and administration fees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Schwab money market funds before fee waivers

 

$

936 

 

 

 

 

$

891 

 

 

 

 

$

865 

 

 

 

Fee waivers

15 

 

 

(674)

 

 

 

 

 

(587)

 

 

 

 

 

(568)

 

 

 

Schwab money market funds after fee waivers

(14)