10-K 1 a10k9302013.htm 10-K 10K 9.30.2013
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
_______________________________________________ 
FORM 10-K 
_______________________________________________ 
(Mark One)
ý
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2013
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from             to            
Commission file number 1-12613
____________________________________________________________
ROCK-TENN COMPANY
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
____________________________________________________________
Georgia
 
62-0342590
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Incorporation or Organization)
 
Identification No.)
 
 
 
504 Thrasher Street, Norcross, Georgia
 
30071
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code: (770) 448-2193
_______________________________________________ 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class
 
Name of Exchange on Which Registered
Class A Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
 
New York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
_______________________________________________ 
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  ý    No   ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes  ¨    No   ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x
 
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes  ¨    No  ý
The aggregate market value of the common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of March 31, 2013, the last day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter (based on the last reported closing price of $92.79 per share of Class A Common Stock as reported on the New York Stock Exchange on such date), was approximately $6,489 million.
As of November 8, 2013, the registrant had 72,037,789 shares of Class A Common Stock outstanding.
_______________________________________________ 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on January 31, 2014, are incorporated by reference in Parts II and III.
 



ROCK-TENN COMPANY
INDEX TO FORM 10-K
 
 
 
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PART I


Item 1.
BUSINESS

Unless the context otherwise requires, “we”, “us”, “our”, “RockTenn” and “the Company” refer to the business of Rock-Tenn Company, its wholly-owned subsidiaries and its partially-owned consolidated subsidiaries.

General

We are one of North America's leading integrated manufacturers of corrugated and consumer packaging. We operate locations in the United States (“U.S.”), Canada, Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Puerto Rico and China.

We report our results of operations in three segments: Corrugated Packaging, consisting of our containerboard mills and our corrugated converting operations; Consumer Packaging, consisting of our coated and uncoated paperboard mills, consumer packaging converting operations and merchandising display facilities; and Recycling, which consists of our recycled fiber brokerage and collection operations. For segment financial information, see Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.”

In the first quarter of fiscal 2014, we announced a realignment of our operating responsibilities. Following the realignment our operating and reportable segments will consist of the following: Corrugated Packaging, consisting of our containerboard mills and our corrugated converting operations; Consumer Packaging, consisting of our coated and uncoated paperboard mills and consumer packaging converting operations; Merchandising Displays, consisting of our display and contract packaging services; and Recycling, which consists of our recycled fiber brokerage and collection operations. The change will primarily reflect the creation of a Merchandising Displays segment which will be removed from the Consumer Packaging segment. We will reclassify our results in the future for all periods presented.

Products

Corrugated Packaging Segment

We are one of the largest producers of linerboard and corrugated medium (containerboard) measured by tons produced and one of the largest producers of high graphics preprinted linerboard in North America. We operate an integrated system that manufactures primarily containerboard, corrugated sheets, corrugated packaging and preprinted linerboard for sale to consumer and industrial products manufacturers and corrugated box manufacturers. We produce a full range of high-quality corrugated containers designed to protect, ship, store and display products made to our customers' merchandising and distribution specifications. We also convert corrugated sheets into corrugated products ranging from one-color protective cartons to graphically brilliant point-of-purchase packaging. Our corrugated container plants serve local customers and large national accounts. Corrugated packaging is used to provide protective packaging for shipment and distribution of food, paper, health and beauty and other household, consumer, commercial and industrial products and in the case of graphically enhanced corrugated packaging for retail sale, particularly in club store locations and to a lesser extent retail sale. We provide customers with innovative packaging solutions to advertise and sell their products. We also provide structural and graphic design, engineering services and custom, proprietary and standard automated packaging machines, offering customers turn-key installation, automation, line integration and packaging solutions. To make corrugated sheet stock, we feed linerboard and corrugated medium into a corrugator that flutes the medium to specified sizes, glues the linerboard and fluted medium together and slits and cuts the resulting corrugated paperboard into sheets to customer specifications. Our containerboard mills and corrugated container operations are integrated with the majority of our containerboard production used internally by our corrugated container operations. Sales of corrugated packaging products to external customers accounted for 68.6%, 65.7% and 49.7% of our net sales in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

Consumer Packaging Segment

We operate coated and uncoated paperboard mills, consumer packaging converting operations and merchandising display facilities. Our consumer packaging converting operations include folding carton converting operations as well as our 65% owned solid fiber interior packaging converting operations.

We operate an integrated system of recycled mills and a bleached paperboard mill that produce paperboard for our converting operations and third parties. We believe we operate one of the lowest cost coated recycled paperboard mill systems in North America and are one of the largest North American manufacturers of 100% coated recycled paperboard measured by tons produced. We manufacture bleached paperboard and market pulp at our Demopolis, AL mill and believe it is one of the lowest cost solid bleached sulphate paperboard mills in North America because of cost advantages achieved through original design, process flow,

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relative age of its recovery boiler and hardwood pulp line replaced in the early 1990s and access to hardwood and softwood fiber. We internally consume or sell our coated recycled and bleached paperboard to manufacturers of folding cartons, and other paperboard products. Our uncoated recycled paperboard mills primarily produce specialty paperboard for our solid fiber interior packaging converting operations and third parties, and our Seven Hills Paperboard LLC (“Seven Hills”) joint venture manufactures gypsum paperboard liner for sale to our joint venture partner. We sell our specialty recycled paperboard to manufacturers of solid fiber interior packaging, tubes and cores, and other paperboard products. We also convert specialty paperboard into book covers and other products.

We are one of the largest manufacturers of folding cartons in North America and believe we are the largest manufacturer of solid fiber partitions in North America measured by net sales. Our folding cartons are used to package food, paper, health and beauty and other household consumer, commercial and industrial products primarily for retail sale. We also manufacture express mail envelopes for the overnight courier industry. Folding cartons typically protect customers’ products during shipment and distribution and employ graphics to promote them at retail. We manufacture folding cartons from recycled and virgin paperboard, laminated paperboard and various substrates with specialty characteristics such as grease masking and microwaveability. We print, coat, die-cut and glue the cartons to customer specifications and ship finished cartons to customers for assembling, filling and sealing. We employ a broad range of offset, flexographic, gravure, backside printing, coating and finishing technologies and support our customers with new package development, innovation and design services and package testing services. We manufacture and sell our solid fiber and corrugated partitions and die-cut paperboard components principally to glass container manufacturers and producers of beer, food, wine, spirits, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals and to the automotive industry.

We also manufacture and assemble (pack out) temporary and permanent point-of-purchase displays. We believe we are the largest manufacturer of temporary promotional point-of-purchase displays in North America measured by net sales. We design, manufacture and, in many cases, pack temporary displays for sale to consumer products companies. These displays are used as marketing tools to support new product introductions and specific product promotions in mass merchandising stores, supermarkets, convenience stores, home improvement stores and other retail locations. We also design, manufacture and, in some cases, pre-assemble permanent displays for the same categories of customers. We make temporary displays primarily from corrugated paperboard. Unlike temporary displays, permanent displays are restocked and, therefore, are constructed primarily from metal, plastic, wood and other durable materials. We provide contract packing services such as multi-product promotional packing and product manipulation such as multipacks and onpacks. We manufacture lithographic laminated packaging for sale to our customers that require packaging with high quality graphics and strength characteristics. Sales of consumer packaging products to external customers accounted for 26.5%, 27.5% and 43.3% of our net sales in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

Recycling Segment

We believe we are one of the largest paper recyclers in North America. Our recycled fiber brokerage and collection operations provide a strategic advantage to our mills. Our recycling operations procure recovered paper (also known as recycled fiber) for our paper mills as well as for third parties from factories, warehouses, commercial printers, office complexes, grocery and retail stores, document storage facilities, paper converters and other wastepaper collectors. We handle a wide variety of grades of recovered paper, including old corrugated containers, office paper, box clippings, newspaper and print shop scraps. We invest in single-stream sorting capabilities at select strategic operations to improve plant performance and our access to fiber supply. We operate recycling facilities that collect, sort, grade and bale recovered paper and after sorting and baling, we transfer it to our paperboard mills for processing, or sell it, principally to U.S. manufacturers of paperboard as well as manufacturers of tissue, newsprint, roofing products and insulation and to export markets. We also collect aluminum and plastics for resale to manufacturers of these products. Our waste services business arranges recycling and waste disposal services for its customers. We operate a nationwide fiber marketing and brokerage system that serves large regional and national accounts as well as our recycled paperboard and containerboard mills and sells scrap materials from our converting businesses and mills. Brokerage contracts provide bulk purchasing, often resulting in lower prices and cleaner recovered paper. Many of our recycling facilities are located close to our recycled paperboard and containerboard mills, ensuring availability of supply with reduced shipping costs. Sales to external customers accounted for 4.9%, 6.8% and 7.0% of our net sales in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

Raw Materials

The primary raw materials that our mill operations use are recycled fiber at our recycled paperboard and recycled containerboard mills and virgin fibers from hardwoods and softwoods at our virgin containerboard and bleached paperboard mills. Some of our virgin containerboard is manufactured with some recycled content. Recycled fiber prices and virgin fiber prices can fluctuate significantly. While virgin fiber prices have generally been more stable than recycled fiber prices, they also fluctuate, particularly during prolonged periods of heavy rain or during housing construction slowdowns.
 

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Recycled and virgin paperboard and containerboard are the primary raw materials that our converting operations use. One of the two primary grades of virgin paperboard, coated unbleached kraft, used by our folding carton operations, has only two domestic suppliers. The failure to obtain these supplies or the failure to obtain these supplies at reasonable market prices could have an adverse effect on our results of operations. We supply substantially all of our converting operations' needs for recycled paperboard and containerboard from our own mills and through the use of trade swaps with other manufacturers, which allow us to optimize our mill system and reduce freight costs. Our converting operations also consume approximately half of our bleached paperboard production, although we have the capacity to consume substantially all of our bleached paperboard by displacing outside purchases. Because there are other suppliers that produce the necessary grades of recycled and bleached paperboard and containerboard used in our converting operations, we believe that should we incur production disruptions for recycled or bleached paperboard or containerboard we would be able to source significant replacement quantities from other suppliers. However, the failure to obtain these supplies or the failure to obtain these supplies at reasonable market prices could have an adverse effect on our results of operations.

Energy

Energy is one of the most significant costs of our mill operations. The cost of natural gas, oil, coal and electricity at times has fluctuated significantly. In our recycled paperboard mills, we use primarily natural gas and electricity, supplemented with fuel oil and coal to generate steam used in the paper making process and to operate our recycled paperboard machines. In our virgin fiber mills, we use wood by-products (biomass), coal, fuel oil and natural gas to generate steam used in the paper making process to generate some or all of the electricity used on site and to operate our paperboard machines. We use primarily electricity and natural gas to operate our converting facilities. We generally purchase these products from suppliers at market or tariff rates. At one of our mills, we purchase process steam under a contract from an adjacent coal fired power plant. Since the completion of the May 27, 2011 Smurfit-Stone Container Corporation acquisition (“Smurfit-Stone” and “Smurfit-Stone Acquisition”) we have completed five natural gas projects at our containerboard mills, four conversions from fuel oil to natural gas and a fifth project to install a natural gas boiler to replace the adjacent coal fired power plant as the mill's primary energy source.

Transportation

Inbound and outbound freight is a significant expenditure for us. Factors that influence our freight expense are distance between our shipping and delivery locations, distance from customers and suppliers, mode of transportation (rail, truck and intermodal) and freight rates, which are influenced by supply and demand and fuel costs.

Sales and Marketing

Our top 10 external customers represented approximately 15% of consolidated net sales in fiscal 2013, none of which individually accounted for more than 10% of our consolidated net sales. We generally manufacture our products pursuant to customers’ orders. The loss of any of our larger customers could have a material adverse effect on the income attributable to the applicable segment and, depending on the significance of the product line, our results of operations. We believe that we have good relationships with our customers. In fiscal 2013, products sold to our top 10 customers by segment represented 17%, 29% and 43% of our external sales in our Corrugated Packaging segment, Consumer Packaging segment and Recycling segment, respectively.

During fiscal 2013, we sold approximately half of our coated recycled paperboard mills’ production and bleached paperboard production to internal customers, primarily to manufacture folding cartons, and we sold approximately two-thirds of our containerboard production, including trade swaps and buy/sell transactions, to internal customers to manufacture corrugated products. Excluding our gypsum paperboard liner production, which our Seven Hills joint venture sells to our partner, we sold approximately one-third of our specialty mills’ production to internal customers, primarily to manufacture interior partitions. Our mills’ sales volumes may therefore be directly impacted by changes in demand for our packaging products. Under the terms of our Seven Hills joint venture arrangement, our joint venture partner is required to purchase all of the qualifying gypsum paperboard liner produced by Seven Hills.

We market our products primarily through our own sales force. We also market a number of our products through independent sales representatives, independent distributors or both. We generally pay our sales personnel a base salary plus commissions. We pay our independent sales representatives on a commission basis. We discuss foreign net sales to unaffiliated customers and other non-U.S. operations financial and other segment information in “Note 17. Segment Information” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Competition

The packaging products, paperboard and containerboard industries are highly competitive, and no single company dominates any of those industries. Our paperboard and containerboard operations compete with integrated and non-integrated national and regional companies operating in North America that manufacture various grades of paperboard and containerboard and, to a limited extent, manufacturers outside of North America. Our competitors include large and small, vertically integrated packaging products companies that manufacture paperboard or containerboard and numerous smaller non-integrated companies. In the corrugated packaging and folding carton markets, we compete with a significant number of national, regional and local packaging suppliers in North America. In the solid fiber interior packaging, promotional point-of-purchase display, and converted paperboard products markets, we compete with a smaller number of national, regional and local companies offering highly specialized products. Our recycled fiber brokerage and collection operations compete with various other companies for the procurement and supply of recovered paper.

Because all of our businesses operate in highly competitive industry segments, we regularly bid for sales opportunities to customers for new business or for renewal of existing business. The loss of business, the award of new business or the renewal of business at substantially different terms from larger customers may have a significant impact on our results of operations.

The primary competitive factors in the packaging products and paperboard and containerboard industries are price, design, product innovation, quality and service, with varying emphasis on these factors depending on the product line and customer preferences. We believe that we compete effectively with respect to each of these factors and we evaluate our performance with annual customer service surveys. However, to the extent that any of our competitors becomes more successful with respect to any key competitive factor, our business could be materially adversely affected.

Our ability to pass through cost increases can be limited based on competitive market conditions for our products and by the actions of our competitors. In addition, we sell a significant portion of our mill production and converted products pursuant to contracts that provide that prices are either fixed for specified terms or provide for price adjustments based on negotiated terms, including changes in specified paperboard or containerboard index prices. The effect of these contractual provisions generally is to either limit the amount of the increase or decrease or delay the realization of announced price increases or decreases.

The packaging products, recycled paperboard and containerboard industries have undergone consolidation. Within the packaging products industry, larger corporate customers with an expanded geographic presence have tended to seek suppliers who can, because of their broad geographic presence, efficiently and economically supply all or a range of their customers’ packaging needs. In addition, purchasers of paperboard, containerboard and packaging products continue to demand higher quality products meeting stricter quality control requirements. These market trends could adversely affect our results of operations or, alternatively, benefit our results of operations depending on our competitive position in specific product lines.

Our packaging products compete with plastic, corrugated packaging and packaging made from other materials. Customer shifts away from paperboard and containerboard packaging to packaging from other materials could adversely affect our results of operations.

Governmental Regulation

Health and Safety Regulations

Our operations are subject to federal, state, local and foreign laws and regulations relating to workplace safety and worker health including the Occupational Safety and Health Act (“OSHA”) and related regulations. OSHA, among other things, establishes asbestos and noise standards and regulates the use of hazardous chemicals in the workplace. Although we do not use asbestos in manufacturing our products, some of our facilities contain asbestos. For those facilities where asbestos is present, we believe we have properly contained the asbestos and/or we have conducted training of our employees in an effort to ensure that no federal, state or local rules or regulations are violated in the maintenance of our facilities. We do not believe that future compliance with health and safety laws and regulations will have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.

Environmental Regulation

Environmental compliance requirements are a significant factor affecting our business. We employ processes in the manufacture of pulp, paperboard and other products which result in various discharges, emissions and wastes. These processes are subject to numerous federal, state, local and foreign environmental laws and regulations. We operate and expect to continue

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to operate, under environmental permits and similar authorizations from various governmental authorities that regulate such discharges, emissions and wastes. Environmental programs in the U.S. are primarily established, administered and enforced at the federal level by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”). In addition, many of the jurisdictions in which we operate have adopted equivalent or more stringent environmental laws and regulations or have enacted their own parallel environmental programs.

In 2004, the EPA promulgated a Maximum Achievable Control Technology (“MACT”) regulation that established air emissions standards and other requirements for industrial, commercial and institutional boilers. The rule was challenged by third parties in litigation, and in 2007, the United States Court of Appeals for the D. C. Circuit issued a decision vacating and remanding the rule to the EPA. Under court order, the EPA published a set of four interrelated rules in March 2011, commonly referred to as “Boiler MACT.” The EPA also published notice in March 2011 that it would reconsider certain aspects of Boiler MACT in order to address “difficult technical issues” raised during the public comment period. On December 20, 2012, the EPA took final action on its proposed reconsideration of certain provisions of the March 2011 Boiler MACT rules. The Boiler MACT reconsideration rules included certain adjustments based on the EPA’s review of existing and new data provided after the March 2011 standards were issued. For the Company’s boilers where capital may be necessary for compliance, the final December 2012 rule requires compliance by January 31, 2016, subject to a possible one-year extension. Several environmental, industry and other groups have filed legal challenges to the December 2012 final Boiler MACT rules. We cannot predict with certainty how any of the legal challenges will impact our Boiler MACT strategies and costs. We discuss our estimated Boiler MACT spending below.
 
Certain jurisdictions in which the Company has manufacturing facilities or other investments have taken actions to address climate change. In the U.S., the EPA has issued the Clean Air Act permitting regulations applicable to facilities that emit greenhouse gases (“GHG”). These regulations became effective for certain GHG sources on January 2, 2011, with implementation for other sources to be phased in over the next several years. The EPA also has promulgated a rule requiring facilities that emit 25,000 metric tons or more of carbon dioxide equivalent per year to file an annual report of their emissions. Some U.S. states and Canadian provinces in which RockTenn has manufacturing operations are also taking measures to reduce GHG emissions. For example, Quebec, has become a member of the Western Climate Initiative, which is a collaboration of U.S. states, Canadian provinces, Mexican states and tribes that have joined together to create a cap-and-trade program to reduce GHG emissions. On November 18, 2009, Quebec adopted a target of reducing GHG emissions by 20% below 1990 levels by 2020. In December 2011, Quebec issued a final regulation establishing a cap-and-trade program that required reductions in GHG emissions from covered emitters as of January 1, 2013. Enactment of the Quebec cap-and-trade program may require capital expenditures to modify certain assets at our containerboard mill in Quebec to meet required GHG emission reduction requirements in future years. Such requirements also may increase energy costs above the level of general inflation and result in direct compliance and other costs. However, we do not believe that compliance with the requirements of the new cap-and-trade program will have a material adverse effect on our operations or financial condition. We have systems in place for tracking the GHG emissions from our energy-intensive facilities, and we carefully monitor developments in climate change laws, regulations and policies to assess the potential impact of such developments on our operations and financial condition.

In addition to Boiler MACT and greenhouse gas standards, the EPA has finalized a number of other environmental rules that may impact the pulp and paper industry, including National Ambient Air Quality Standards for nitrogen oxide, sulfur dioxide and fine particulate matter. The EPA is also revising existing environmental standards and developing several new rules that may apply to the industry in the future. We cannot currently predict with certainty how any future changes in environmental laws, regulations and/or enforcement practices will affect our business; however, it is possible that our compliance with new environmental standards may require substantial capital expenditures or operating costs could increase materially.

On October 1, 2010, our Hopewell, Virginia containerboard mill received a Finding of Violation and Notice of Violation (“NOV”) from EPA Region III alleging certain violations of regulations that require treatment of kraft pulping condensates. We strongly disagree with the assertion of the violations in the NOV and are currently engaged in settlement negotiations regarding the matters alleged in the NOV. We believe that any potential fine relating to those matters will not have a significant adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows. We also are involved in various other administrative proceedings relating to environmental matters that arise in the normal course of business. Although the ultimate outcome of such matters cannot be predicted with certainty and we cannot at this time estimate any reasonably possible losses, management does not believe that the currently expected outcome of any environmental proceeding or claim that is pending or threatened against us will have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.

We also face potential liability under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (“CERCLA”) and analogous state laws as a result of releases, or threatened releases, of hazardous substances into the environment from various sites owned and operated by third parties at which Company-generated wastes have allegedly been deposited. Generators of hazardous substances sent to off-site disposal locations at which environmental problems exist, as well as the owners of those sites and certain other classes of persons, all of whom are referred to as potentially responsible parties (“PRPs” or “PRP”)

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are, in most instances, subject to joint and several liability for response costs for the investigation and remediation of such sites under CERCLA and analogous state laws, regardless of fault or the lawfulness of the original disposal. Liability is typically shared with other PRPs and costs are commonly allocated according to relative amounts of waste deposited and other factors.

On January 26, 2009, Smurfit-Stone Container Corporation and certain of its subsidiaries filed a voluntary petition for relief under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code. Smurfit-Stone’s Canadian subsidiaries also filed to reorganize in Canada. We believe that matters relating to previously identified third party PRP sites and certain formerly owned facilities of Smurfit-Stone have been or will be satisfied claims in the Smurfit-Stone bankruptcy proceedings. However, we may face additional liability for cleanup activity at sites that existed prior to bankruptcy discharge, but are not currently identified. Some of these liabilities may be satisfied from existing bankruptcy reserves. We may also face liability under CERCLA and analogous state and other laws at other ongoing and future remediation sites where we may be a PRP. In addition to the above mentioned sites, certain of our current or former locations are being studied or remediated under various environmental laws and regulations. Based on current facts and assumptions, we do not believe that the costs of these projects will have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.

We believe that we can assert claims for indemnification pursuant to existing rights we have under settlement and purchase agreements in connection with certain of our existing remediation sites. However, there can be no assurance that we will be successful with respect to any claim regarding these indemnification rights or that, if we are successful, any amounts paid pursuant to the indemnification rights will be sufficient to cover all our costs and expenses. We also cannot predict with certainty whether we will be required to perform remediation projects at other locations, and it is possible that our remediation requirements and costs could increase materially in the future. In addition, we cannot currently assess with certainty the impact that future federal, state or other environmental laws, regulations or enforcement practices will have on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.

We estimate that we will spend approximately $75 million for capital expenditures during fiscal 2014 in connection with matters relating to environmental compliance, including approximately $29 million for Boiler MACT that will be part of our total estimated spending of $80 million at our containerboard mills. Additionally, we will begin work on a project with a total estimated cost of $68 million to build a new fluidized bed biomass boiler at our Demopolis, AL bleached paperboard mill that will replace two 1950's power boilers. The fluidized bed biomass boiler project is expected to be completed in fiscal 2016, and once implemented, is expected to achieve an attractive return while addressing the Boiler MACT requirements at the mill. Our Boiler MACT projections are subject to change due to items such as the finalization of ongoing engineering work, EPA determinations on Boiler MACT implementation issues and the outcomes of pending legal challenges to the rules.

Patents and Other Intellectual Property

We hold a substantial number of patents and pending patent applications in the U.S. and foreign countries. Our patent portfolio consists primarily of utility and design patents relating to our products and manufacturing operations. It also includes exclusive rights to substantial proprietary packaging system technology in the U.S. obtained under license from OTOR S.A. Our brand name and logo, and certain of our products and services, are protected by domestic and foreign trademark rights. Some of our more important marks are: AngelCote®, AngelBrite®, CartonMate®, Millennium®, MillMask®, BlueCuda®, EcoMAX®, Clik Top®, Hi-Tech®, Bio-Pak®, Bio-Plus®, Bio-Plus Earth®, Fold-Pak®, Smartserv®, CaseMate®, CitruSaver®, WineGuard®, Pop-N-Shop®, RockSolid®, Meta®, Meta Tray-8®, Meta Wrap-8®, Panafluff®, and Panasoft®. Our patents, trademarks and other intellectual property rights, particularly those relating to our corrugated container, folding carton, interior packaging and display operations, are important to our operations as a whole.

Employees

At September 30, 2013, we had approximately 25,800 employees. Of these employees, approximately 18,600 were hourly and approximately 7,200 were salaried. Approximately 11,900 of our hourly employees are covered by collective bargaining agreements, which most frequently have three or four year terms. Approximately 2,000 of our employees are working under expired contracts and approximately 3,600 of our employees are covered under collective bargaining agreements that expire within one year.

We have experienced the following work stoppages over the last 10 years:  a three-week work stoppage at our Aurora, Illinois, specialty recycled paperboard facility during fiscal 2004; a strike by the Machinists' Union at the North Sioux City, IA box plant from March 15, 2007 to May 27, 2007; a strike by the Graphic Communications Conference (Teamsters) Union from December 1, 2008 to February 20, 2009 at the St. Joseph, MO box plant; a strike on October 20, 2010, followed by a Company initiated lock-out from October 27, 2010 to November 18, 2010 at the La Tuque, Canada paper mill; and a strike by the Pulp, Paper and Woodworkers of Canada from June 3, 2013 to June 30, 2013 at our New Westminster, British Columbia box plant.

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A labor agreement covering approximately 400 employees at our West Point, VA paper mill expired in 2009. Negotiations to reach a new agreement with the local union bargaining committee at the West Point mill were initially unsuccessful, and we declared an impasse and implemented a contract offer on March 16, 2011. The impasse and implementation were contested by the union and unfair labor practice charges were filed that have been dismissed in whole by the National Labor Relations Board. While an implementation of a contract could have resulted in a work stoppage, it did not, and working relationships with the union members have been cooperative and uneventful. The employees at the West Point mill subsequently ratified a new agreement during fiscal 2012.

While we have experienced isolated work stoppages in the past, we have been able to resolve them and we believe that working relationships with our employees are generally good. While the terms of our collective bargaining agreements may vary, we believe the material terms of the agreements are customary for the industry, the type of facility, the classification of the employees and the geographic location covered thereby.

Available Information

Our Internet address is www.rocktenn.com. Our Internet address is included herein as an inactive textual reference only. The information contained on our website is not incorporated by reference herein and should not be considered part of this report. We file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and we make available free of charge most of our SEC filings through our Internet website as soon as reasonably practicable after filing with the SEC. You may access these SEC filings via the hyperlink that we provide on our website to a third-party SEC filings website. We also make available on our website the charters of our audit committee, our compensation committee, our nominating and corporate governance committee, and our finance committee, as well as the corporate governance guidelines adopted by our board of directors, our Code of Business Conduct for employees, our Code of Business Conduct and Ethics for directors and our Code of Ethical Conduct for CEO and Senior Financial Officers. Any amendments to, or waiver from, any provision of the codes will be posted on the Company's website at the address above. We will also provide copies of these documents, without charge, at the written request of any shareholder of record. Requests for copies should be mailed to: Rock-Tenn Company, 504 Thrasher Street, Norcross, Georgia 30071, Attention: Corporate Secretary.

Forward-Looking Information

Statements in this report that do not relate strictly to historical facts are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations, beliefs, plans or forecasts and use words such as will, estimate, anticipate, project, intend, or expect, or refer to future time periods, and include statements made in this report regarding, among other things: our estimate for our capital expenditures in fiscal 2014, including the amount and timing of certain projects; the amounts of our anticipated contributions to our qualified defined pension plan and supplemental retirement plans, our expectation that we will continue to make contributions to our pension plans in the coming years in order to ensure that our funding levels remain adequate in light of projected liabilities and to meet the requirements of the Pension Protection Act of 2006 (“Pension Act”) and other regulations; our belief that certain multiemployer pension plans in which we participate have material unfunded vested benefits; we would expect to continue to exceed 5% of total plan contributions to certain multiemployer pension plans; our anticipation that we will be able to fund our capital expenditures, interest payments, dividends and stock repurchases, pension payments, working capital needs, note repurchases, restructuring activities, repayments of current portion of long-term debt and other corporate actions for the foreseeable future from cash generated from operations, borrowings under our Credit Facility and Receivables Facility (each as hereinafter defined), proceeds from the issuance of debt or equity securities or other additional long-term debt financing, including new or amended facilities; the effect of a hypothetical 10% increase on the prices of various commodities, freight and energy; our belief that our future estimates or assumptions used to estimate allowances will not materially change; that we expect our cash tax payments to be materially less than our income tax expense in fiscal 2014 and 2015 and moderately lower in fiscal 2016 due to the utilization of federal net operating losses in fiscal 2014 and the remaining cellulosic biofuel producers credits (“CBPC”), alternative minimum tax and other federal credits and Canadian net operating losses in fiscal 2014 and 2015, as well as state net operating losses and credits which will be used over a longer period of time, and that it is possible that our expected cash tax payments may change due to changes in taxable income, changes in tax laws or tax rates, capital spending or other factors; our expected timing of utilization of tax credits; our expectation that our effective tax rate in fiscal 2014 will be approximately 35% to 37%, excluding the impact of discrete items; our expectation that GMI and Mid South’s (each as hereinafter defined) goodwill will be amortizable for income tax purposes; our belief that integration activities related to the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition will continue into fiscal 2014; our results of operations, financial condition, cash flows, liquidity or capital resources, including expectations regarding sales growth, income tax rates, our production capacities, our ability to achieve operating efficiencies; the consummation of acquisitions and financial transactions, the effect of these transactions on our business and the valuation of assets acquired in these transactions; our competitive position and competitive conditions; our ability to obtain adequate replacement supplies of raw materials or energy; our relationships with our customers;

9


our relationships with our employees; our plans and objectives for future operations and expansion; our compliance obligations with respect to health and safety laws and environmental laws, the cost of compliance, the timing of these costs, or the impact of any liability under such laws on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows, and our right to indemnification with respect to any such cost or liability; estimated cost and timing of compliance with Boiler MACT rules and that once implemented, we will achieve compliance with the Boiler MACT rules; our belief that the Quebec cap-and-trade program may require capital expenditures to modify our containerboard mill assets in Quebec to meet required GHG emission reduction requirements; our belief that the currently expected outcome of any environmental proceeding or claim that is pending or threatened against us with respect to our Hopewell, Virginia mill will not have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows; our expectation that the fluidized bed biomass boiler at our Demopolis, AL mill is expected to be completed in fiscal 2016, and once implemented, is expected to achieve an attractive return while addressing the Boiler MACT requirements at the mill; our belief that we have properly contained asbestos and/or have trained our employees in an effort to ensure that no rules or regulations are violated in the maintenance of our facilities where asbestos is present; the impact of any gain or loss of a customer’s business; our expectations surrounding credit loss rates; the impact of announced price increases; the scope, costs, timing and impact of any restructuring of our operations and corporate and tax structure; the scope, and timing and outcome of any litigation, including the Antitrust Litigation (as hereinafter defined) or other dispute resolutions and the impact of any such litigation or other dispute resolutions on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows; factors considered in connection with any impairment analysis, the outcome of any such analysis and the anticipated impact of any such analysis on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows; pension and retirement plan obligations, contributions, the factors used to evaluate and estimate such obligations and expenses, the impact of amendments to our pension and retirement plans, the impact of governmental regulations on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows; pension and retirement plan asset investment strategies; potential liability for outstanding guarantees and indemnities and the potential impact of such liabilities; the impact of any market risks, such as interest rate risk, pension plan risk, foreign currency risk, commodity price risks, energy price risk, rates of return, the risk of investments in derivative instruments, and the risk of counterparty nonperformance, and factors affecting those risks; our expectation to continue to operate under environmental permits and similar authorizations from various governmental authorities that regulate discharges, emissions and wastes; the amount of contractual obligations based on variable price provisions and variable timing and the effect of contractual obligations on liquidity and cash flow in future periods; the implementation of accounting standards and the impact of these standards once implemented; factors used to calculate the fair value of financial instruments and other assets and liabilities; factors used to calculate the fair value of options, including expected term and stock price volatility; our assumptions and expectations regarding critical accounting policies and estimates; our recording of net deferred tax assets to the extent we believe such assets are more likely than not to be realized; our belief that Cash Generated for Net Debt Repayment, Dividends, Acquisitions/Investments and Pension in Excess of Expense (as hereinafter defined) is an appropriate supplemental measure of financial performance; our estimate of intangible lives amortization periods; the adequacy of our system of internal controls over financial reporting; and the effectiveness of any actions we may take with respect to our system of internal controls over financial reporting.

With respect to these statements, we have made assumptions regarding, among other things, economic, competitive and market conditions; volumes and price levels of purchases by customers; competitive conditions in our businesses; possible adverse actions of our customers, our competitors and suppliers; labor costs; the amount and timing of capital expenditures, including installation costs, project development and implementation costs, severance and other shutdown costs; restructuring costs; the sale or other utilization of real property from closed facilities; credit availability; volumes and price levels of purchases by customers; raw material and energy costs; and competitive conditions in our businesses.

You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements as such statements involve risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially, including the following: our ability to achieve benefits from the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition or to integrate Smurfit-Stone, including synergies, performance improvements and successful implementation of capital projects; our belief that matters relating to previously identified third party PRP sites and certain formerly owned facilities of Smurfit-Stone have been or will be satisfied claims in the Smurfit-Stone bankruptcy proceedings; the level of demand for our products; our belief that we can assert claims for indemnification pursuant to existing rights we have under settlement and purchase agreements in connection with certain of our existing environmental remediation sites; our ability to successfully identify and make performance improvements; anticipated returns on our capital investments; uncertainties related to planned mill outages or production disruptions, including associated costs and the length of those outages; the possibility of unplanned mill outages; investment performance, discount rates, return on pension plan assets and expected compensation levels; market risk from changes in, including but not limited to, interest rates and commodity prices; possible increases in energy, raw materials, shipping and capital equipment costs; any reduction in the supply of raw materials; uncertainties related to our ability to make planned transitions to natural gas and away from oil and the costs and benefits of that change; fluctuations in selling prices and volumes; intense competition; the potential loss of certain customers; the timing and impact of alternative fuel mixture credits (“AFMC”) and CBPC; the impact of operational restructuring activities, including the cost and timing of such activities, the size and cost of employment terminations, operational consolidation, capacity utilization, cost reductions and production efficiencies; estimated fair values of assets, and returns from planned asset transactions, and the impact

10


of such factors on earnings; potential liability for outstanding guarantees and indemnities and the potential impact of such liabilities; the impact of economic conditions, including the nature of the current market environment, raw material and energy costs and market trends or factors that affect such trends, such as expected price increases, competitive pricing pressures and cost increases, as well as the impact and continuation of such factors; our results of operations, including operational inefficiencies, costs, sales growth or declines, the timing and impact of customer transitioning, the impact of announced price increases and the impact of the gain and loss of customers; pension plan contributions and expense, funding requirements and earnings; environmental law liability as well as the impact of related compliance efforts, including the cost of required improvements and the availability of certain indemnification claims; capital expenditures; the cost and other effects of complying with governmental laws and regulations and the timing of such costs; income tax rates, future tax expense and future cash tax payments; future debt repayment; our ability to fund capital expenditures, interest payments, stock repurchases, dividends, pension payments, working capital needs, bond repurchases and debt for the foreseeable future from available cash and the proceeds from borrowings and security issuances; our estimates and assumptions regarding our contractual obligations and the impact of our contractual obligations on our liquidity and cash flow; the impact of changes in assumptions and estimates underlying accounting policies; the expected impact of implementing new accounting standards; and the impact of changes in assumptions and estimates on which we based the design of our system of disclosure controls and procedures; adverse changes in general market and industry conditions and other risks, uncertainties and factors discussed in Item 1A. Risk Factors. The information contained herein speaks as of the date hereof and we do not have or undertake any obligation to update such information as future events unfold.

Item 1A.
 RISK FACTORS

We are subject to certain risks and events that, if one or more of them occur, could adversely affect our business, our results of operations, financial condition, cash flows and/or the trading price of our common stock. In evaluating us, our business and an investment in our securities, you should consider the following risk factors, in addition to the other information presented in this report, as well as the other reports and registration statements we file from time to time with the SEC. The risks below are not the only ones we face. Additional risks not currently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial could also adversely impact our business in the future.

We May Face Increased Costs and Reduced Supply of Raw Materials and Energy

Historically, the costs of recovered paper and virgin fiber, our principal externally sourced raw materials, have fluctuated significantly due to market and industry conditions. Increasing demand for products packaged in 100% recycled paper and the shift by manufacturers of virgin paperboard, tissue, newsprint and corrugated packaging to the production of products with some recycled paper content have and may continue to increase demand for recovered paper. Certain published indexes contribute to price setting. Future changes in how these indexes are established or maintained could impact pricing. Furthermore, there has been a substantial increase in demand for U.S. sourced recovered paper by Asian countries. These increasing demands have resulted in, and may result in further, cost increases. While the cost of virgin fiber has historically been less volatile than recycled fiber, it also fluctuates, particularly during prolonged periods of heavy rain or during housing construction slowdowns. At times, the cost of natural gas, which we use in many of our manufacturing operations, including many of our mills, and other energy costs (including energy generated by burning natural gas, fuel oil and coal) have fluctuated significantly. There can be no assurance that we will be able to recoup any past or future increases in the cost of recovered paper, virgin fiber or other raw materials or of natural gas, fuel oil, coal or other energy through price increases for our products. Further, a reduction in availability of recovered paper, virgin paperboard, virgin fiber or other raw materials or energy sources due to increased demand or other factors could have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

We May Experience Pricing Variability

The paperboard, containerboard and converted products industries historically have experienced significant fluctuations in selling prices. Certain published indexes contribute to the setting of selling prices. Future changes in how these indexes are established or maintained could impact selling prices. If we are unable to maintain the selling prices of products within these industries, that inability may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition. We are not able to predict with certainty future market conditions or the selling prices for our products.

Our Earnings are Highly Dependent on Volumes

Our operations generally have high fixed operating cost components and therefore our earnings are highly dependent on volumes, which tend to fluctuate. These fluctuations make it difficult to predict our financial results with any degree of certainty.


11


We Face Intense Competition

Our businesses are in industries that are highly competitive, and no single company dominates an industry. Our competitors include large and small, vertically integrated packaging products, paperboard and containerboard companies and numerous non-integrated smaller companies. We generally compete with companies operating in North America. Competition from domestic or foreign lower cost manufacturers in the future could negatively impact our sales volumes and pricing. Because all of our businesses operate in highly competitive industry segments, we regularly bid for sales opportunities to customers for new business or for renewal of existing business. The loss of business from our larger customers, or the renewal of business with less favorable terms, may have a significant impact on our results of operations. Further, competitive conditions may prevent us from fully recovering increased costs and may inhibit our ability to pass on cost increases to our customers. Customer shifts away from paperboard and containerboard packaging to packaging from other materials could adversely affect our results of operations. Our mills’ sales volumes may be directly impacted by changes in demand for our packaging products. See Item 1. “Business — Competition” and “Business — Sales and Marketing.”

We Have Been Dependent on Certain Customers

Each of our segments has certain large customers, the loss of which could have a material adverse effect on the segment’s sales and, depending on the significance of the loss, our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows. See Item 1. “Business — Competition” and “Business — Sales and Marketing.”

We May Incur Business Disruptions

We take measures to minimize the risks of disruption at our facilities. The occurrence of a natural disaster, such as a hurricane, tropical storm, earthquake, tornado, flood, fire, or other unanticipated problems such as labor difficulties, equipment failure or unscheduled maintenance could cause operational disruptions of varied duration. Disruptions at our suppliers could lead to short term or longer rises in raw material or energy costs and/or reduced availability of materials or energy. These types of disruptions could materially adversely affect our earnings to varying degrees dependent upon the facility, the duration of the disruption, our ability to shift business to another facility or find alternative sources of materials or energy. Any losses due to these events may not be covered by our existing insurance policies or may be subject to certain deductibles.

We May be Adversely Affected by Current Economic and Financial Market Conditions

Our businesses may be affected by a number of factors that are beyond our control such as general economic and business conditions, changes in tax laws or tax rates and conditions in the financial services markets including counterparty risk, insurance carrier risk, rising interest rates, inflation, deflation or fluctuations in the value of local currency versus the U.S. dollar. The current macro-economic challenges, including current conditions in financial and capital markets and relatively high levels of unemployment, and the ability of the U.S. and other countries to deal with their rising debt levels may continue to put pressure on the economy or lead to changes in tax laws or tax rates. There can be no assurance that changes in tax laws or tax rates will not have a material impact on our future cash taxes, effective tax rate, or deferred tax assets and liabilities. Changes in the U.S., and to a lesser extent the global economy, could drive an increase or decrease in the demand for our products that could increase or decrease our revenues, increase or decrease our manufacturing costs and ultimately increase or decrease our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. As a result of negative changes in the economy, customers, vendors or counterparties may experience significant cash flow problems or cause consumers of our products to postpone or refrain from spending in response to adverse economic events or conditions. If customers are not successful in generating sufficient revenue or cash flows or are precluded from securing financing, they may not be able to pay or may delay payment of accounts receivable that are owed to us or we may experience lower sales volumes. We are not able to predict with certainty market conditions, and our business could be materially and adversely affected by these market conditions.

We May be Unable to Successfully Complete and Finance Acquisitions

We have completed several acquisitions in recent years and may seek additional acquisition opportunities. There can be no assurance that we will successfully be able to identify suitable acquisition candidates, complete and finance acquisitions, integrate acquired operations into our existing operations, realize the anticipated synergies and business opportunities or expand into new markets. There can also be no assurance that future acquisitions will not have an adverse effect upon our operating results, or that the terms of the acquisition debt financing and our increased indebtedness following an acquisition, as well as any potential unfunded pension and postretirement liabilities of the acquired operations, may have the effect, among other things, of reducing our flexibility to respond to changing business and economic conditions. Acquired operations may not achieve levels of revenues, profitability or productivity comparable with those our existing operations achieve, or otherwise perform as expected. In addition, it is possible that, in connection with acquisitions, our capital expenditures could be higher than we anticipated and that we may

12


not realize the expected benefits of such capital expenditures. Our business may be affected by a number of factors that are beyond our control such as general economic conditions or business risks associated with macro-economic challenges, including, without limitation, potential turmoil in financial, capital and equity markets and high levels of unemployment. Should these types of conditions and risks occur with sufficient severity, there can be no assurance that such changes would not materially impact the carrying value of our goodwill.

We are Subject to Extensive and Costly Environmental and Other Governmental Regulation

We are subject to various federal, state, local and foreign environmental laws and regulations, including those regulating the discharge, storage, handling and disposal of a variety of substances, as well as other financial and non-financial regulations, including items such as air and water quality, the cleanup of contaminated soil and groundwater and matters related to the health and safety of employees.

We regularly make capital expenditures to maintain compliance with applicable environmental laws and regulations. However, environmental laws and regulations are becoming increasingly stringent. Consequently, our compliance and remediation costs could increase materially. In addition, we cannot currently assess the impact that the future emissions standards and climate change initiatives, including initiatives such as regulations on emissions from certain industrial boilers, and government’s enforcement practices will have on our operations or capital expenditure requirements. Further, we have been identified as a potentially responsible party at various third-party disposal sites pursuant to U.S. federal or state statutes. There can be no assurance that any liability we may incur in connection with these or other sites at which we may be identified in the future as a responsible party or in connection with other governmental requirements, including capital investments associated with regulatory compliance, will not be material to our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows. See Item 1. “Business — Governmental Regulation.”

We May Incur Additional Restructuring Costs

We have restructured portions of our operations from time to time and it is possible that we may engage in additional restructuring initiatives. Because we are not able to predict with certainty market conditions, the loss of large customers, or the selling prices for our products, we also may not be able to predict with certainty when it will be appropriate to undertake restructurings. It is also possible, in connection with these restructuring efforts, that our costs could be higher than we anticipate and that we may not realize the expected benefits.

We May Incur Increased Transportation Costs

We distribute our products primarily by truck and rail. Reduced availability of trucks or rail cars could negatively impact our ability to ship our products in a timely manner. There can be no assurance that we will be able to recoup any past or future increases in transportation rates or fuel surcharges through price increases for our products.

Work Stoppages and Other Labor Relations Matters May Have an Adverse Effect on Our Financial Results

A significant number of our employees in North America are governed by collective bargaining agreements. Expired contracts are in the process of renegotiation. We may not be able to successfully negotiate new union contracts without work stoppages or labor difficulties or renegotiate without unfavorable terms. If we are unable to successfully renegotiate the terms of any of these agreements or an industry association is unable to successfully negotiate a national agreement when they expire, or if we experience any extended interruption of operations at any of our facilities as a result of strikes or other work stoppages, our results of operations and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected. See Item 1. “Business — Employees” for information regarding employees working under expired contracts and employees covered under collective bargaining agreements that expire within one year.

• We May Incur Increased Employee Benefit Costs, Our Underfunded Pension Plans Will Require Additional Cash Contributions and We May Incur Increased Funding Requirements in the Multiemployer Plans in Which We Participate

Our pension and health care benefits are dependent upon multiple factors resulting from actual plan experience and assumptions of future experience. Employee healthcare costs in recent years have continued to rise. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act has resulted in significant healthcare cost increases. Our pension plan assets are primarily made up of equity, fixed income and alternative investments. Fluctuations in market performance and changes in interest rates may result in increased or decreased pension costs in future periods. Changes in assumptions regarding expected long-term rate of return on plan assets, our discount rate, expected compensation levels or mortality could also increase or decrease pension costs. Future pension funding requirements, and the timing of funding payments, may also be subject to changes in legislation. During 2006, Congress passed the Pension Act with the stated purpose of improving the funding of U.S. private pension plans. The Pension Act imposes stricter

13


funding requirements, introduces benefit limitations for certain underfunded plans and requires underfunded pension plans to improve their funding ratios within prescribed intervals based on the level of their underfunding. The Pension Act applies to pension plan years beginning after December 31, 2007. We have made contributions to our pension plans and expect to make substantial contributions in the coming years in order to ensure that our funding levels remain adequate in light of projected liabilities and to meet the requirements of the Pension Act, Canadian pension requirements and other regulations. There can be no assurance that such changes, including turmoil in financial and capital markets, will not be material to our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.

At September 30, 2013, the unfunded liability of our qualified and supplemental executive retirement defined benefit pension plans determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) was approximately $1.0 billion. We will likely be required to make significant cash contributions to these plans under applicable U.S. and Canadian laws over the next several years in order to meet future funding requirements and satisfy current service obligations under the plans. These contributions will significantly impact future cash flows that might otherwise be available for repayment of debt, capital expenditures, and other corporate purposes. The actual required amounts and timing of future cash contributions will be highly sensitive to changes in the applicable discount rates and returns on plan assets, and could also be impacted by future changes in the laws and regulations applicable to plan funding. There can be no assurance that such changes, including turmoil in financial and capital markets, will not be material to our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows. See Item 7. “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and Capital Resources — Cash Flow Activity.”

We participate in several multiemployer pension plans (“MEPPs”) administered by labor unions that provide retirement benefits to certain union employees in accordance with various collective bargaining agreements (“CBAs”). As one of many participating employers in these plans, we are generally responsible with the other participating employers for any plan underfunding. Our contributions to a particular MEPP are established by the applicable CBAs; however, our required contributions may increase based on the funded status of an MEPP and legal requirements such as those of the Pension Act, which requires substantially underfunded MEPPs to implement a funding improvement plan or a rehabilitation plan to improve their funded status. We believe that certain of the MEPPs in which we participate have material unfunded vested benefits. Due to uncertainty regarding future factors that could trigger withdrawal liability, as well as the absence of specific information regarding matters such as the MEPP's current financial situation due in part due to delays in reporting, the potential withdrawal or bankruptcy of other contributing employers, the impact of future plan performance or the success of current and future funding improvement or rehabilitation plans to restore solvency to the plans, we are unable to determine with certainty the amount and timing of any future withdrawal liability, changes in future funding obligations or the impact of increased contributions including those that could be triggered by a mass withdrawal of other employers from a MEPP. There can be no assurance that the impact of increased contributions, future funding obligations or future withdrawal liabilities will not be material to our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.

We are Subject to Cyber-Security Risks Related to Certain Customer, Employee, Vendor or Other Company Data

We use information technologies to securely manage operations and various business functions. We rely upon various technologies to process, store and report on our business and interact with customers, vendors and employees. Our systems are subject to repeated attempts by third parties to access information or to disrupt our systems. Despite our security design and controls, and those of our third party providers, we could become subject to cyber-attacks which could result in operational disruptions or the misappropriation of sensitive data. There can be no assurance that such disruptions or misappropriations and the resulting repercussions will not be material to our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.

Our Success Is In Part Dependent On Our Ability To Develop and Successfully Introduce New Products and to Acquire and Retain Intellectual Property Rights

Our ability to develop and successfully market new products and to develop, acquire, and retain necessary intellectual property rights is important to our continued success and competitive position. If we were unable to protect our existing intellectual property rights, develop new rights, or if others developed similar or improved technologies there can be no assurance that such events would not be material to our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.

Item 1B.
UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

Not applicable – there are no unresolved SEC staff comments.


14


Item 2.
PROPERTIES

We operate locations in the U.S. (36 states), Canada, Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Puerto Rico and China. We own our principal executive offices in Norcross, Georgia. We believe that our existing production capacity is adequate to serve existing demand for our products and consider our plants and equipment to be in good condition.

Our corporate and operating facilities as of September 30, 2013 are summarized below:
 
 
Number of Facilities
Segment
 
Owned
 
Leased
 
Total
Corrugated Packaging
 
83

 
33

 
116

Consumer Packaging
 
40

 
24

 
64

Recycling
 
21

 
6

 
27

Corporate
 
1

 
5

 
6

Total
 
145

 
68

 
213

The table that follows shows annual production capacity by mill at September 30, 2013 in thousands of tons. Although our mill system operating rates may vary from year to year due to changes in market and other factors, our simple average mill system operating rates for the last three years averaged 96%. We own all of our mills.
 
Location of Mill
Linerboard
Medium
Coated Recycled Paperboard
Bleached Paperboard
Specialty Recycled Paperboard
Market Pulp
Total Capacity
Fernandina Beach, FL
930

 
 
 
 
 
930

West Point, VA
715

185

 
 
 
 
900

Stevenson, AL
 
885

 
 
 
 
885

Hodge, LA
825

 
 
 
 
 
825

Solvay, NY
533

272

 
 
 
 
805

Florence, SC
683

 
 
 
 
 
683

Panama City, FL
336

 
 
 
 
292

628

Seminole, FL
402

198

 
 
 
 
600

La Tuque, QC
345

 
 
131

 
 
476

Demopolis, AL
 
 
 
350

 
100

450

Hopewell, VA
443

 
 
 
 
 
443

Coshocton, OH
 
310

 
 
 
 
310

St. Paul, MN
 
200

 
 
 
 
200

St. Paul, MN
 
 
168

 
 
 
168

Uncasville, CT
 
165

 
 
 
 
165

Battle Creek, MI
 
 
160

 
 
 
160

Chattanooga, TN
 
 
 
 
140

 
140

Dallas, TX
 
 
127

 
 
 
127

Sheldon Springs, VT (Missisquoi Mill)
 
 
111

 
 
 
111

Lynchburg, VA
 
 
 
 
103

 
103

Stroudsburg, PA
 
 
80

 
 
 
80

Eaton, IN
 
 
 
 
64

 
64

Cincinnati, OH
 
 
 
 
55

 
55

Aurora, IL
 
 
 
 
32

 
32

Total Mill Capacity
5,212

2,215

646

481

394

392

9,340



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In the preceding annual production capacity by mill table, our linerboard includes 1,060 tons of white top linerboard. The production at our Lynchburg, VA mill is gypsum paperboard liner and the paper machine is owned by our Seven Hills joint venture. Our fiber sourcing for our mills is approximately 55% virgin and 45% recycled.

The following is a list of our significant facilities other than our mills:
 
 
 
 
Type of Facility
 
Locations
Merchandising Display Operations
 
Winston-Salem, NC
(sales, design, manufacturing and contract packing)
Headquarters
 
Norcross, GA


Item 3.
 LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

In late 2010, Smurfit-Stone was one of nine U.S. and Canadian containerboard producers named as defendants in a lawsuit alleging that these producers violated the Sherman Act by conspiring to limit the supply and fix the prices of containerboard from mid-2005 through November 8, 2010 (“Antitrust Litigation”). RockTenn CP, LLC, as the successor to Smurfit-Stone, is a defendant with respect to the period after Smurfit-Stone's discharge from bankruptcy in June 30, 2010 through November 8, 2010. The complaint seeks treble damages and costs, including attorney's fees. The defendants' motions to dismiss the complaint were denied by the court in April 2011. We believe the allegations are without merit and will defend this lawsuit vigorously. However, as the lawsuit is still in the early stages of discovery, we are unable to predict the ultimate outcome or estimate a range of reasonably possible losses.

We are a defendant in a number of other lawsuits and claims arising out of the conduct of our business. While the ultimate results of such suits or other proceedings against us cannot be predicted with certainty, management believes the resolution of these other matters will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Item 4.
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

16


PART II: FINANCIAL INFORMATION


Item 5.
MARKET FOR THE REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Common Stock

Our Class A common stock, par value $0.01 per share (“Common Stock”), trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol RKT. As of October 31, 2013, there were approximately 2,758 shareholders of record of our Common Stock. The number of shareholders of record only includes a single shareholder, Cede & Co., for all of the shares held by our shareholders in individual brokerage accounts maintained at banks, brokers and institutions.

Price Range of Common Stock
 
Fiscal 2013
 
Fiscal 2012
 
High
 
Low
 
High
 
Low
First Quarter
$
76.18

 
$
61.26

 
$
63.88

 
$
43.61

Second Quarter
$
92.93

 
$
70.63

 
$
74.15

 
$
56.63

Third Quarter
$
108.00

 
$
83.40

 
$
68.03

 
$
49.24

Fourth Quarter
$
126.05

 
$
97.82

 
$
74.00

 
$
52.77


Dividends

In October 2013, our board of directors approved our November 2013 quarterly dividend of $0.35 per share, indicating a current annualized dividend of $1.40 per share and a 17% increase over the $0.30 per share paid in May 2013 and August 2013. The $0.30 per share we paid in May 2013 and August 2013 was a 33% increase over the $0.225 per share accelerated February 2013 dividend paid in December 2012 and the $0.225 per share paid in November 2012. During fiscal 2013, we paid aggregate dividends on our Common Stock of $1.05 per share and during fiscal 2012, we paid a quarterly dividend on our Common Stock of $0.20 per share, or $0.80 per share annually. For additional dividend information, please see Item 6. Selected Financial Data.

Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

The section under the heading “Executive Compensation Tables” entitled “Equity Compensation Plan Information” in the Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on January 31, 2014, which will be filed with the SEC on or before December 31, 2013, is incorporated herein by reference. For additional information concerning our capitalization, see “Note 13. Shareholders’ Equity” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

Our board of directors has approved a stock repurchase plan that allows for the repurchase of shares of Common Stock over an indefinite period of time. Our stock repurchase plan, as amended in November 2013, allows for the repurchase of a total of 9.2 million shares of Common Stock, an increase from the 6.0 million previously authorized. In fiscal 2013 and 2012, we did not repurchase any shares of Common Stock. As of September 30, 2013, we had approximately 1.8 million shares of Common Stock available for repurchase, and 5.0 million shares after the November 2013 amendment.

Item 6.
SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The following selected consolidated financial data should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto and Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included herein. We derived the consolidated statements of income and consolidated statements of cash flows data for the years ended September 30, 2013, 2012 and 2011, and the consolidated balance sheet data as of September 30, 2013 and 2012 from the Consolidated Financial Statements included herein. We derived the consolidated statements of income and consolidated statements of cash flows data for the years ended September 30, 2010 and 2009, and the consolidated balance sheet data as of September 30, 2011, 2010 and 2009, from audited Consolidated Financial Statements not included in this report. The table that follows is consistent with those presentations with the exception of diluted earnings per share attributable to Rock-Tenn Company shareholders in fiscal 2009 which were restated due to the adoption of certain provisions as set forth in the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 260 (as hereinafter defined) in fiscal 2010.
 

17


On May 27, 2011, we completed the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition. The Smurfit-Stone Acquisition was the primary reason for the changes in the selected financial data in fiscal 2011 as compared to prior years. Our results of operations shown below may not be indicative of future results.
 
 
Year Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
2009
 
(In millions, except per share amounts)
Net sales
$
9,545.4

 
$
9,207.6

 
$
5,399.6

 
$
3,001.4

 
$
2,812.3

Alternative fuel mixture credit, net of expenses (a)
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
28.8

 
$
54.1

Restructuring and other costs, net
$
78.0

 
$
75.2

 
$
93.3

 
$
7.4

 
$
13.4

Cellulosic biofuel producer credit, net (b)
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
27.6

 
$

Net income attributable to Rock-Tenn Company shareholders (c)
$
727.3

 
$
249.1

 
$
141.1

 
$
225.6

 
$
222.3

Diluted earnings per share attributable to Rock-Tenn Company shareholders
$
9.95

 
$
3.45

 
$
2.77

 
$
5.70

 
$
5.71

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
73.1

 
72.1

 
50.5

 
39.1

 
38.5

Dividends paid per common share
$
1.05

 
$
0.80

 
$
0.80

 
$
0.60

 
$
0.40

Book value per common share
$
59.87

 
$
48.05

 
$
47.85

 
$
25.99

 
$
20.07

Total assets
$
10,733.4

 
$
10,687.1

 
$
10,566.0

 
$
2,914.9

 
$
2,884.4

Current portion of debt
$
2.9

 
$
261.3

 
$
143.3

 
$
231.6

 
$
56.3

Total long-term debt
$
2,841.9

 
$
3,151.2

 
$
3,302.5

 
$
897.3

 
$
1,293.1

Total debt
$
2,844.8

 
$
3,412.5

 
$
3,445.8

 
$
1,128.9

 
$
1,349.4

Total Rock-Tenn Company shareholders’ equity
$
4,312.3

 
$
3,405.7

 
$
3,371.6

 
$
1,011.3

 
$
776.8

Net cash provided by operating activities
$
1,032.5

 
$
656.7

 
$
461.7

 
$
377.3

 
$
389.7

Capital expenditures
$
440.4

 
$
452.4

 
$
199.4

 
$
106.2

 
$
75.9

Cash paid for purchase of businesses, net of cash acquired (d)
$
6.3

 
$
125.6

 
$
1,300.1

 
$
23.9

 
$
(4.0
)
 
(a)
The AFMC, net of expenses represents a reduction of cost of goods sold in our Consumer Packaging segment equal to $0.50 per gallon of alternative fuel used at our Demopolis, AL bleached paperboard mill from January 22, 2009 through the December 31, 2009 expiration of the tax credit. The credit is not taxable for federal income tax purposes.

(b)
The CBPC is a $1.01 per gallon taxable credit which results in an after-tax credit value of approximately $0.62 per gallon. In accordance with the applicable IRS instructions for claiming the CBPC and returning the AFMC in this circumstance, we amended our 2009 federal income tax return to claim the CBPC credit rather than the AFMC.  The cumulative impact of the CBPC election, net of the AFMC, was an increased after-tax benefit of $27.6 million, which was recorded as a reduction of income tax expense in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2010 and accounted for as a cumulative catch-up of a transaction directly with the government in its capacity as a taxing authority.

(c)
Net income attributable to Rock-Tenn Company shareholders in fiscal 2013 was increased by the reversal of $254.1 million of tax reserves related to AFMC acquired in the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition that were partially offset by a resulting increase in a state tax valuation allowance of $1.2 million. Net income attributable to Rock-Tenn Company shareholders in fiscal 2012 was reduced by $25.9 million pre-tax for a loss on extinguishment of debt and fiscal 2011 was reduced by $59.4 million pre-tax for acquisition inventory step-up expense and $39.5 million pre-tax for a loss on extinguishment of debt. See Item 7. “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Results of Operations (Consolidated) — Loss on Extinguishment of Debt.”

(d)
Cash paid for the purchase of businesses includes amounts (received from) and paid into escrow, net of cash acquired.


18


Item 7.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Overview

We are one of North America's leading integrated manufacturers of corrugated and consumer packaging. We operate locations in the U.S., Canada, Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Puerto Rico and China. Our objective is to be the most respected company in our business by: a) providing superior paperboard, packaging and marketing solutions for consumer products companies at very low costs, b) investing for competitive advantage, c) maximizing the efficiency of our manufacturing processes by optimizing economies of scale, d) systematically improving processes and reducing costs throughout the Company, and e) seeking acquisitions that can dramatically improve our business. To achieve this objective, we focus on making our network of mills and converting plants cost-competitive, investing to further optimize the combined system and to make continuous improvements using Six Sigma and Lean Manufacturing methods to further optimize our manufacturing and administrative processes. In addition, we are committed to exceeding our customers' expectations every time, and creating long-term shareholder value.

On May 27, 2011, we acquired Smurfit-Stone in order to expand our corrugated packaging business as we believe the containerboard and corrugated packaging industry is a very attractive business and U.S. virgin containerboard is a strategic global asset. Fiscal 2011 included four months of results from the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition. Due to the size of the transaction, our variances to fiscal 2011 are driven primarily by the acquisition. For additional information see Note 5. Acquisitions and Note 8. Debt of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

We delivered record results in fiscal 2013 despite a slowly recovering economy. Net sales of $9,545.4 million for fiscal 2013 increased $337.8 million, or 3.7% over fiscal 2012. Segment income of $988.9 million in fiscal 2013 increased 37.7%, compared to segment income of $718.3 million in fiscal 2012. Net income in fiscal 2013 was $727.3 million compared to $249.1 million in fiscal 2012 and earnings per diluted share were $9.95 compared to $3.45 in fiscal 2013 and fiscal 2012. Adjusted net income attributable to Rock-Tenn Company shareholders, adjusted for among other things, the reversal of previously established tax reserves related to AFMC acquired in the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition, restructuring and loss on extinguishment of debt in fiscal 2013 increased $210.0 million over fiscal 2012 to $533.7 million and adjusted earnings per diluted share were $7.30 and $4.48, respectively. Based on the strong results we achieved during fiscal 2013, Cash Generated for Net Debt Repayment, Dividends, Acquisitions/Investments and Pension in Excess of Expense (as hereinafter defined) was $815.6 million, after $440.4 million in capital expenditures. See our reconciliations of the non-GAAP measures adjusted earnings per diluted share, adjusted net income and Cash Generated for Net Debt Repayment, Dividends, Acquisitions/Investments and Pension in Excess of Expense below and in Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Non-GAAP Measures.”)

Adjusted earnings per diluted share are as follows:
 
Years Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per diluted share
$
9.95

 
$
3.45

 
$
2.77

 
 
 
 
 
 
Alternative fuel mixture tax credit tax reserve adjustment
(3.46
)
 

 

Restructuring and other costs and operating losses and transition costs due to plant closures
0.81

 
0.80

 
1.32

Loss on extinguishment of debt

 
0.23

 
0.50

Acquisition inventory step-up

 

 
0.74

Non-cash loss on Canadian intercompany note

 

 
0.17

 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted earnings per diluted share
$
7.30

 
$
4.48

 
$
5.50


In fiscal 2013, we recorded a tax benefit of $3.46 per diluted share for the reversal of $254.1 million of tax reserves related to AFMC acquired in the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition that were partially offset by a resulting increase in a state tax valuation allowance of $1.2 million. The benefit to deferred tax expense was recorded in the second quarter of fiscal 2013 as the Internal Revenue Service completed its examination of Smurfit-Stone’s 2009 tax return. Our restructuring and other costs and operating losses and transition costs due to plant closures in fiscal 2013 were $0.81 per diluted share and consisted primarily of $69.4 million of pre-tax facility closure and related operating losses and transition costs primarily related to consolidating corrugated container plants and $20.3 million of pre-tax acquisition and integration costs. For additional information regarding our restructuring and other costs see Note 6. Restructuring and Other Costs, Netof the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included herein.

19



Restructuring and other costs and operating losses and transition costs due to plant closures, net of related noncontrolling interest in fiscal 2012 aggregated to $0.80 per diluted shared and consisted primarily of $52.7 million of pre-tax facility closure and related operating losses and transition costs primarily related to the Matane mill, a Hodge, LA paper machine closure as well as the closure of corrugated container plants and recycled fiber collection facilities acquired in the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition, net of gains on the sale of a few previously closed facilities, and $34.4 million of pre-tax integration and acquisition costs that primarily consisted of professional services, employee and other costs. We recognized pre-tax losses on extinguishment of debt in fiscal 2012 of $25.9 million, primarily in connection with the redemption of our 9.25% senior notes due March 2016 at a redemption price equal to 104.625% of par and to expense related unamortized deferred financing and discount costs, and to expense certain unamortized deferred financing costs related to the extension and amendment of our credit agreement and the issuance of senior notes.

Restructuring and other costs and operating losses and transition costs due to plant closures, net of related noncontrolling interest in fiscal 2011 were $1.32 per diluted share and consisted primarily of $60.6 million of integration and acquisition costs related primarily to the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition, $36.9 million of facility closure and related operating losses and transition costs, primarily related to former Smurfit-Stone corrugated container plants and kraft paper assets at our Hodge, LA containerboard mill, plus a charge of $4.5 million for tax adjustments related primarily to non-deductible acquisition costs. GAAP requires that an acquirer value inventory acquired at fair value. This reduces the profit on future sales of that inventory to that portion attributable to the selling effort. This step-up in value reduced our income in fiscal 2011 by $59.4 million pre-tax, or $0.74 per diluted share as the acquired inventory was sold and an intercompany profit reserve was established on new inventory and charged to cost of goods sold. In fiscal 2011, we recognized a pre-tax loss on extinguishment of debt of $39.5 million, or $0.50 per diluted share for associated fees and expenses incurred in connection with the $4.3 billion of acquisition debt financing and the repayment and termination of certain pre-acquisition financing arrangements. In fiscal 2011, we recorded pre-tax expense of $13.5 million for the non-cash foreign currency translation loss to our U.S. lender of a Canadian intercompany loan acquired in the Smurfit-Stone acquisition. The corresponding non-cash gain to our Canadian borrower on the intercompany loan was recorded as an increase in accumulated other comprehensive income. This loan was repaid during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2011 with borrowings available to our Canadian subsidiaries under our Credit Facility.

Segment and Market Information

We report our results in three segments: Corrugated Packaging, Consumer Packaging and Recycling. See “Note 17. Segment Information” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. We do not allocate certain of our income and expenses to our segments and, thus, the information that management uses to make operating decisions and assess operating performance does not reflect such amounts. Items not allocated are reported as non-allocated expenses or in other line items in the table below after segment income.


20


The following table shows certain operating data for our segments:
 
 
Years Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
 
(In millions)
 
 
Net sales (aggregate):
 
 
 
 
 
Corrugated Packaging
$
6,662.1

 
$
6,171.2

 
$
2,768.7

Consumer Packaging
2,554.1

 
2,557.5

 
2,359.8

Recycling
1,073.4

 
1,228.8

 
585.9

Total
$
10,289.6

 
$
9,957.5

 
$
5,714.4

Less net sales (intersegment):
 
 
 
 
 
Corrugated Packaging
$
113.4

 
$
121.6

 
$
81.7

Consumer Packaging
25.6

 
25.2

 
23.5

Recycling
605.2

 
603.1

 
209.6

Total
$
744.2

 
$
749.9

 
$
314.8

Net sales (unaffiliated customers):
 
 
 
 
 
Corrugated Packaging
$
6,548.7

 
$
6,049.6

 
$
2,687.0

Consumer Packaging
2,528.5

 
2,532.3

 
2,336.3

Recycling
468.2

 
625.7

 
376.3

Total
$
9,545.4

 
$
9,207.6

 
$
5,399.6

Segment income:
 
 
 
 
 
Corrugated Packaging
$
679.9

 
$
364.0

 
$
241.7

Consumer Packaging
294.6

 
347.2

 
275.2

Recycling
14.4

 
7.1

 
14.8

Segment income
988.9

 
718.3

 
531.7

Restructuring and other costs, net
(78.0
)
 
(75.2
)
 
(93.3
)
Non-allocated expenses
(92.1
)
 
(109.7
)
 
(79.5
)
Interest expense
(106.9
)
 
(119.7
)
 
(88.9
)
Loss on extinguishment of debt
(0.3
)
 
(25.9
)
 
(39.5
)
Interest income and other (expense) income, net
(0.9
)
 
1.3

 
(15.0
)
Income before income taxes
710.7

 
389.1

 
215.5

Income tax benefit (expense)
21.8

 
(136.9
)
 
(69.5
)
Consolidated net income
732.5

 
252.2

 
146.0

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(5.2
)
 
(3.1
)
 
(4.9
)
Net income attributable to Rock-Tenn Company shareholders
$
727.3

 
$
249.1

 
$
141.1


Results of Operations (Consolidated)

Net Sales (Unaffiliated Customers)

Net sales for fiscal 2013 were $9,545.4 million compared to $9,207.6 million in fiscal 2012 primarily as a result of higher containerboard and corrugated boxes and sheet selling prices, and generally higher volumes across our business that were partially offset by generally lower prices in our Consumer Packaging and Recycling segments.

Net sales for fiscal 2012 were $9,207.6 million compared to $5,399.6 million in fiscal 2011 primarily due to the full year inclusion of the Smurfit-Stone operations following the May 27, 2011 Smurfit-Stone Acquisition, partially offset primarily by lower recycled fiber and corrugated selling prices.



21


Cost of Goods Sold

Cost of goods sold as a percentage of net sales of 80.7% decreased in fiscal 2013 compared to 83.4% in fiscal 2012 primarily as a result of higher corrugated selling prices. Cost of goods sold increased to $7,698.9 million in fiscal 2013 compared to $7,674.9 million in fiscal 2012. Impacting fiscal 2013 cost of goods sold were: increased freight costs of $37.0 million, including the impact of higher volumes; a $33.9 million increase in the amortization of major maintenance outage expense primarily at our containerboard mills, increased chemical costs in our mills of $21.4 million; $19.1 million of increased depreciation and amortization expense due to capital investments, net of a $11.4 million reduction in amortization expense related to a restructuring and extension of a steam supply contract; $15.7 million of income related to a partial insurance settlement of property damage claims associated with the fiscal 2012 turbine failure at our Demopolis, AL mill; income of $12.2 million related to recording an additional value of spare parts at our containerboard mills acquired in the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition; income of $9.2 million for the early termination of an energy supply contract, net of boiler start-up costs; and $7.0 million of increased maintenance expense.

Cost of goods sold increased to $7,674.9 million in fiscal 2012 compared to $4,407.7 million in fiscal 2011 primarily as a result of the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition and increased freight and chemical costs which were partially offset by reduced recycled fiber costs and energy costs. Chemical costs in our legacy RockTenn mills increased $1 per ton and freight expense, excluding the impact of the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition, increased $12.2 million due in part to higher volumes. Recycled fiber costs and energy costs in our legacy RockTenn mills decreased $26 and $5 per ton, respectively.

We value the majority of our U.S. inventories at the lower of cost or market with cost determined on the last-in first-out (“LIFO”) inventory valuation method, which we believe generally results in a better matching of current costs and revenues than under the first-in first-out (“FIFO”) inventory valuation method. In periods of increasing costs, the LIFO method generally results in higher cost of goods sold than under the FIFO method. In periods of decreasing costs, the results are generally the opposite.

The following table illustrates the comparative effect of LIFO and FIFO accounting on our results of operations. This supplemental FIFO earnings information reflects the after-tax effect of eliminating the LIFO adjustment each year.
 
 
Fiscal 2013
 
Fiscal 2012
 
Fiscal 2011
 
LIFO
 
FIFO
 
LIFO
 
FIFO
 
LIFO
 
FIFO
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
 
 
 
 
Cost of goods sold
$
7,698.9

 
$
7,651.6

 
$
7,674.9

 
$
7,699.9

 
$
4,407.7

 
$
4,398.3

Net income attributable to Rock-Tenn Company shareholders
$
727.3

 
$
757.1

 
$
249.1

 
$
233.3

 
$
141.1

 
$
147.1


Net income attributable to Rock-Tenn Company shareholders in fiscal 2013 and 2011 is lower under the LIFO method because we experienced periods of rising costs, and net income attributable to Rock-Tenn Company shareholders in fiscal 2012 is higher under the LIFO method because we experienced a period of declining costs.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses increased $26.8 million to $954.3 million in fiscal 2013 compared to $927.5 million in fiscal 2012 and were relatively flat as a percentage of net sales as inflationary items were offset by the impact of higher corrugated selling prices on net sales. The SG&A increases were primarily due to increased compensation and benefit costs partially offset by decreased pension costs.
  
SG&A expenses increased $386.3 million to $927.5 million in fiscal 2012 compared to $541.2 million in fiscal 2011. The SG&A increases were primarily due to the inclusion of a full year of Smurfit-Stone operations and were relatively flat as a percentage of net sales primarily due to synergies realized in the acquisition offsetting inflationary items and the impact on net sales of declining recycled fiber and corrugated selling prices.

Restructuring and Other Costs, Net

We recorded aggregate pre-tax restructuring and other costs of $78.0 million, $75.2 million and $93.3 million for fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The charges in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011 were primarily associated with the acquisition and integration of Smurfit-Stone as well as plant closure activities consisting primarily of locations acquired in the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition, net of gains on the sale of previously closed facilities. The expense recognized each year is not comparable since the timing and scope of the individual actions vary. We generally expect the integration of the closed facility’s assets and production

22


with other facilities to enable the receiving facilities to better leverage their fixed costs while eliminating fixed costs from the closed facility. We discuss these charges in more detail in Note 6. Restructuring and Other Costs, Net of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included herein. We have restructured portions of our operations from time to time and it is possible that we may engage in additional restructuring opportunities in the future.

Loss on Extinguishment of Debt

Loss on extinguishment of debt for fiscal 2013 was $0.3 million. Loss on extinguishment of debt for fiscal 2012 of $25.9 million was primarily in connection with the redemption of our 9.25% senior notes due March 2016 at a redemption price equal to 104.625% of par and to expense related unamortized deferred financing and discount costs; and to expense certain unamortized deferred financing costs related to the extension and amendment of our credit agreement and the issuance of senior notes. The $39.5 million loss on extinguishment of debt in fiscal 2011 represents certain fees and expenses incurred in connection with the $4.3 billion of acquisition debt financing for the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition and the repayment and termination of certain pre-acquisition financing arrangements. The extinguishment represented approximately half of the fees and expenses we paid in connection with the new facilities. The remainder is being amortized to interest expense over the life of the debt instruments.

Interest Expense

Interest expense for fiscal 2013 decreased to $106.9 million from $119.7 million in fiscal 2012 and included amortization of deferred financing costs of $10.2 million compared to $10.8 million for the same period in the prior year. The decrease in our average outstanding borrowings decreased interest expense by approximately $7.2 million, lower average interest rates decreased interest expense by approximately $5.0 million and deferred financing costs decreased $0.6 million.

Interest expense for fiscal 2012 increased to $119.7 million from $88.9 million in fiscal 2011 and included amortization of deferred financing costs of $10.8 million compared to $7.7 million for the same period in the prior year. The increase in our average outstanding borrowings, which primarily reflects the inclusion of debt used to fund the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition for a full year compared to only four months in fiscal 2011, increased interest expense by approximately $47.7 million, lower average interest rates, net of swaps, decreased interest expense by approximately $20.0 million and deferred financing costs increased $3.1 million.

Provision for Income Taxes

We recorded a tax benefit of $21.8 million, at an effective tax rate benefit of 3.1% in fiscal 2013, as compared to income tax expense of $136.9 million in fiscal 2012, at an effective tax rate of 35.2% and compared to a fiscal 2011 income tax expense of $69.5 million, at an effective tax rate of 32.3%. The effective tax rate benefit for fiscal 2013 was different than the statutory rate primarily due to the reversal of $254.1 million of tax reserves related to AFMC acquired in the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition. The benefit to deferred tax expense was recorded in the second quarter of fiscal 2013 as the Internal Revenue Service completed its examination of Smurfit-Stone’s 2009 tax return. We expect our effective tax rate to be approximately 35% to 37% in fiscal 2014, excluding the impact of discrete items. For additional information on income taxes see Note 11. Income Taxes of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included herein.

Acquisitions

On June 22, 2012, we acquired the assets of Mid South Packaging LLC (“Mid South”), a specialty corrugated packaging manufacturer with operations in Cullman, AL, and Olive Branch, MS. The purchase price was $32.1 million. No debt was assumed. We acquired the Mid South business as part of our announced strategy to seek acquisitions that increase our integration levels in the corrugated markets. We have included the results of Mid South's operations since the date of acquisition in our consolidated financial statements in our Corrugated Packaging segment.

On October 28, 2011, we acquired the stock of four entities doing business as GMI Group (“GMI”). We have made joint elections under section 338(h)(10) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), that increased our tax basis in the underlying assets acquired. The purchase price was $90.2 million, including the amount paid to the sellers related to the Code section 338(h)(10) elections. There was no debt assumed. We acquired the GMI business to expand our presence in the corrugated markets. The acquisition also increases our vertical integration. We have included the results of GMI's operations since the date of acquisition in our consolidated financial statements in our Corrugated Packaging segment.

On May 27, 2011, we completed our acquisition of Smurfit-Stone through the merger of Smurfit-Stone with and into a wholly-owned limited liability company subsidiary of RockTenn. The purchase price was $4,919.1 million, net of cash acquired of $473.5 million. We have included in our consolidated financial statements the results of Smurfit-Stone's containerboard mill and corrugated

23


converting operations in our Corrugated Packaging segment, Smurfit-Stone's recycling operations in our Recycling segment and Smurfit-Stone's display operations in our Consumer Packaging segment since the date of the acquisition.

We discuss these acquisitions in more detail in Note 5. Acquisitions and Note 8. Debt of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included herein.

Results of Operations (Segment Data)

Corrugated Packaging Segment (Aggregate Before Intersegment Eliminations)
 
Net Sales
(Aggregate)
 
Segment
Income
 
Return
on Sales
 
(In millions, except percentages)
Fiscal 2011
 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
$
198.3

 
$
37.4

 
18.9
%
Second Quarter
209.4

 
30.1

 
14.4

Third Quarter
734.5

 
24.6

 
3.3

Fourth Quarter
1,626.5

 
149.6

 
9.2

Total
$
2,768.7

 
$
241.7

 
8.7
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal 2012
 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
$
1,522.8

 
$
109.3

 
7.2
%
Second Quarter
1,505.9

 
68.7

 
4.6

Third Quarter
1,545.2

 
73.4

 
4.8

Fourth Quarter
1,597.3

 
112.6

 
7.0

Total
$
6,171.2

 
$
364.0

 
5.9
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal 2013
 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
$
1,589.9

 
$
137.8

 
8.7
%
Second Quarter
1,608.4

 
107.7

 
6.7

Third Quarter
1,719.5

 
196.4

 
11.4

Fourth Quarter
1,744.3

 
238.0

 
13.6

Total
$
6,662.1

 
$
679.9

 
10.2
%


24


References to containerboard in the Corrugated Packaging shipments and production tables include Kraft paper and references to “MMSF” and “BSF” are for millions of square feet and billions of square feet, respectively. Prior to discontinuing Kraft paper shipments, we shipped 7.3, 18.7, 2.7 and 0.5 tons in the third and fourth quarter of fiscal 2011 and the first and second quarter of fiscal 2012, respectively. Corrugated shipments and production include Smurfit-Stone beginning May 28, 2011.

Corrugated Packaging Shipments - tons in thousands
 
First
Quarter
 
Second
Quarter
 
Third
Quarter
 
Fourth
Quarter
 
Fiscal
Year
Fiscal 2011
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corrugated Containers Shipments - BSF
2.6

 
2.9

 
9.1

 
19.3

 
33.9

Corrugated Containers Per Shipping Day - MMSF
43.1

 
45.2

 
144.7

 
301.4

 
134.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Containerboard
247.4

 
243.9

 
850.7

 
1,914.4

 
3,256.4

Pulp

 

 
28.7

 
71.2

 
99.9

Bleached Linerboard

 

 
12.9

 
29.8

 
42.7

Total Tons
247.4

 
243.9

 
892.3

 
2,015.4

 
3,399.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal 2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corrugated Containers Shipments - BSF
19.0

 
19.1

 
19.5

 
19.7

 
77.3

Corrugated Containers Per Shipping Day - MMSF
317.2

 
298.3

 
309.3

 
313.0

 
309.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Containerboard
1,832.0

 
1,695.9

 
1,722.9

 
1,859.1

 
7,109.9

Pulp
75.0

 
61.5

 
73.8

 
77.0

 
287.3

Bleached Linerboard
29.3

 
28.5

 
32.3

 
31.0

 
121.1

Total Tons
1,936.3

 
1,785.9

 
1,829.0

 
1,967.1

 
7,518.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corrugated Containers Shipments - BSF
19.2

 
18.9

 
19.7

 
19.3

 
77.1

Corrugated Containers Per Shipping Day - MMSF
314.1

 
305.4

 
308.7

 
306.2

 
308.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Containerboard
1,816.6

 
1,721.1

 
1,830.1

 
1,825.2

 
7,193.0

Pulp
73.4

 
62.1

 
68.1

 
68.7

 
272.3

Bleached Linerboard
30.2

 
30.9

 
32.6

 
33.6

 
127.3

Total Tons
1,920.2

 
1,814.1

 
1,930.8

 
1,927.5

 
7,592.6




25


Corrugated Packaging Production - tons in thousands
 
First
Quarter
 
Second
Quarter
 
Third
Quarter
 
Fourth
Quarter
 
Fiscal
Year
Fiscal 2011
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Containerboard
246.2

 
245.5

 
858.5

 
1,923.2

 
3,273.4

Pulp

 

 
26.2

 
74.9

 
101.1

Bleached Linerboard

 

 
12.5

 
32.9

 
45.4

Total Tons
246.2

 
245.5

 
897.2

 
2,031.0

 
3,419.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal 2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Containerboard
1,843.5

 
1,736.5

 
1,676.4

 
1,852.1

 
7,108.5

Pulp
77.9

 
58.1

 
75.5

 
75.4

 
286.9

Bleached Linerboard
27.7

 
27.1

 
30.8

 
33.8

 
119.4

Total Tons
1,949.1

 
1,821.7

 
1,782.7

 
1,961.3

 
7,514.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Containerboard
1,837.8

 
1,742.9

 
1,808.7

 
1,839.5

 
7,228.9

Pulp
74.0

 
58.9

 
71.5

 
72.7

 
277.1

Bleached Linerboard
26.2

 
30.1

 
32.5

 
30.7

 
119.5

Total Tons
1,938.0

 
1,831.9

 
1,912.7

 
1,942.9

 
7,625.5



Net Sales (Aggregate) — Corrugated Packaging Segment

Net sales before intersegment eliminations for the Corrugated Packaging segment increased $490.9 million in fiscal 2013 compared to fiscal 2012 primarily due to higher corrugated selling prices and volumes.

Net sales before intersegment eliminations for the Corrugated Packaging segment increased $3,402.5 million in fiscal 2012 compared to fiscal 2011 primarily due to the full year inclusion of the Smurfit-Stone operations following the May 27, 2011 Smurfit-Stone Acquisition, which was partially offset by lower corrugated selling prices.

Segment Income — Corrugated Packaging Segment

Segment income attributable to the Corrugated Packaging segment in fiscal 2013 increased $315.9 million to $679.9 million compared to segment income of $364.0 million in fiscal 2012. The increase in segment income was primarily a result of higher selling prices, higher volumes and increased synergies. Other notable factors impacting segment income in fiscal 2013 were: a $33.0 million increase in amortization of major maintenance outage expense; a $17.9 million increase in depreciation and amortization expense due to capital investments, net of a $11.4 million reduction in amortization expense related to a restructuring and extension of a steam supply contract; income of $12.2 million related to recording an additional value of spare parts at our containerboard mills acquired in the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition; income of $9.2 million for the early termination of an energy supply contract, net of boiler start-up costs; and $7.6 million of increased maintenance expense. Additionally, at our mills, chemical costs increased $21.7 million or $3 per ton, energy costs decreased approximately $21.0 million or $3 per ton, and aggregate fiber costs increased approximately $8.2 million or $1 per ton, each on a volume adjusted basis. Freight expense in the segment increased $30.5 million, in part due to higher volumes. Segment income in fiscal 2012 was reduced by $6.7 million of pre-tax losses at our closed Matane, Quebec containerboard mill and $0.8 million of pre-tax acquisition inventory step-up expense.

Segment income attributable to the Corrugated Packaging segment in fiscal 2012, adjusted to eliminate $6.7 million of pre-tax losses at our closed Matane, Quebec containerboard mill and $0.8 million of pre-tax acquisition inventory step-up expense, increased $70.4 million to $371.5 million compared to segment income of $301.1 million in fiscal 2011, adjusted to eliminate $59.4 million of pre-tax acquisition inventory step-up expense primarily due to the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition. Our legacy RockTenn containerboard mills recycled fiber costs decreased approximately $26.7 million or $27 per ton compared the prior year. Amortization of major maintenance outage expense in our containerboard mills in fiscal 2012 increased $47.7 million to $50.3 million compared to $2.6 million in fiscal 2011. In fiscal 2012, segment income was reduced relative to our expectations by an estimated $34 million due to the impact of higher start-up costs and lost production after the major capital investments at our Hodge, LA mill.

26




Consumer Packaging Segment (Aggregate Before Intersegment Eliminations)
 
Net Sales
(Aggregate)
 
Segment
Income
 
Return
on Sales
 
(In millions, except percentages)
Fiscal 2011
 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
$
544.5

 
$
71.0

 
13.0
%
Second Quarter
567.8

 
61.0

 
10.7

Third Quarter
579.6

 
61.1

 
10.5

Fourth Quarter
667.9

 
82.1

 
12.3

Total
$
2,359.8

 
$
275.2

 
11.7
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal 2012
 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
$
620.4

 
$
80.3

 
12.9
%
Second Quarter
647.6

 
84.4

 
13.0

Third Quarter
628.9

 
83.7

 
13.3

Fourth Quarter
660.6

 
98.8

 
15.0

Total
$
2,557.5

 
$
347.2

 
13.6
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal 2013
 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
$
611.3

 
$
66.5

 
10.9
%
Second Quarter
626.5

 
63.1

 
10.1

Third Quarter
644.8

 
76.0

 
11.8

Fourth Quarter
671.5

 
89.0

 
13.3

Total
$
2,554.1

 
$
294.6

 
11.5
%


27


References to recycled paperboard in the Consumer Packaging shipments and production tables include coated and specialty paperboard, including gypsum paperboard liner tons produced by Seven Hills and references to “MMSF” and “BSF” are for millions of square feet and billions of square feet, respectively.

Consumer Packaging Shipments - tons in thousands
 
First
Quarter
 
Second
Quarter
 
Third
Quarter
 
Fourth
Quarter
 
Fiscal
Year
Fiscal 2011
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consumer Packaging Converting Shipments - BSF
5.0

 
5.2

 
5.2

 
5.3

 
20.7

Consumer Packaging Converting Per Shipping Day - MMSF
82.2

 
83.0

 
82.1

 
82.5

 
82.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recycled Paperboard
224.5

 
239.3

 
238.2

 
241.0

 
943.0

Bleached Paperboard
84.4

 
85.1

 
77.4

 
88.0

 
334.9

Pulp
22.1

 
24.0

 
20.9

 
25.1

 
92.1

Total Tons
331.0

 
348.4

 
336.5

 
354.1

 
1,370.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal 2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consumer Packaging Converting Shipments - BSF
5.0

 
5.2

 
5.1

 
5.2

 
20.5

Consumer Packaging Converting Per Shipping Day - MMSF
83.5

 
81.0

 
80.6

 
83.1

 
82.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recycled Paperboard
222.8

 
236.8

 
231.8

 
237.9

 
929.3

Bleached Paperboard
83.8

 
87.4

 
91.5

 
90.3

 
353.0

Pulp
24.9

 
25.1

 
24.3

 
21.9

 
96.2

Total Tons
331.5

 
349.3

 
347.6

 
350.1

 
1,378.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consumer Packaging Converting Shipments - BSF
4.9

 
5.2

 
5.3

 
5.3

 
20.7

Consumer Packaging Converting Per Shipping Day -
 MMSF
81.0

 
83.9

 
82.3

 
84.3

 
82.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recycled Paperboard
231.5

 
241.1

 
247.3

 
253.5

 
973.4

Bleached Paperboard
87.6

 
79.0

 
87.6

 
85.4

 
339.6

Pulp
26.7

 
18.9

 
28.1

 
26.8

 
100.5

Total Tons
345.8

 
339.0

 
363.0

 
365.7

 
1,413.5




28


Consumer Packaging Production - tons in thousands
 
First
Quarter
 
Second
Quarter
 
Third
Quarter
 
Fourth
Quarter
 
Fiscal
Year
Fiscal 2011
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recycled Paperboard
226.7

 
235.2

 
239.4

 
242.0

 
943.3

Bleached Paperboard
87.4

 
86.6

 
74.8

 
90.8

 
339.6

Pulp
23.4

 
26.2

 
20.9

 
26.2

 
96.7

Total Tons
337.5

 
348.0

 
335.1

 
359.0

 
1,379.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal 2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recycled Paperboard
227.3

 
234.6

 
234.1

 
239.0

 
935.0

Bleached Paperboard
87.5

 
85.6

 
87.9

 
91.0

 
352.0

Pulp
27.0

 
25.1

 
26.4

 
26.6

 
105.1

Total Tons
341.8

 
345.3

 
348.4

 
356.6

 
1,392.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recycled Paperboard
235.2

 
238.1

 
245.9

 
251.4

 
970.6

Bleached Paperboard
89.2

 
76.3

 
88.6

 
83.8

 
337.9

Pulp
27.9

 
20.5

 
27.9

 
28.5

 
104.8

Total Tons
352.3

 
334.9

 
362.4

 
363.7

 
1,413.3


Net Sales (Aggregate) — Consumer Packaging Segment

Net sales decreased 0.1% for the Consumer Packaging segment in fiscal 2013 compared to fiscal 2012 primarily due to generally lower selling prices across the segment and decreased volumes due to the planned major maintenance outage at our Demopolis, AL bleached paperboard mill which was largely offset by increased recycled mill, converting and display volumes. Adjusted to remove the fiscal 2012 impact of the termination and settlement of a paperboard supply agreement noted below, sales would have increased approximately 1%. The annual maintenance outage at our Demopolis mill generally varies in size every other year; the current year was a major outage and the prior year was of a shorter duration. Aggregate mill tons shipped increased 2.5%.

The 8.4% increase in net sales for the Consumer Packaging segment in fiscal 2012 compared to fiscal 2011 was primarily due to increased display sales, including those from facilities acquired in the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition and generally higher selling prices in the segment. Bleached paperboard, market pulp and specialty paperboard tons shipped increased 5.4%, 4.4% and 0.8%, respectively, and coated recycled paperboard tons shipped decreased 2.7%.

Segment Income — Consumer Packaging Segment

Segment income of the Consumer Packaging segment in fiscal 2013 decreased $52.6 million, primarily due to generally lower selling prices, higher containerboard prices used in promotional displays, increased virgin fiber, energy and other commodity costs that were partially offset by lower recycled fiber costs. At our mills, virgin fiber costs increased $10.0 million or $23 per ton, energy costs increased $9.6 million or $7 per ton, and recycled fiber costs decreased approximately $16.7 million or $19 per ton compared to the prior year. The change in segment income was also impacted by $16.1 million received in connection with the termination and settlement of a paperboard supply agreement, net of legal fees in fiscal 2012 that were partially offset by $13.8 million of increased income in fiscal 2013 as compared to fiscal 2012 related to the partial settlement of property damage claims associated with the fiscal 2012 turbine failure at our Demopolis, AL mill and related business interruption costs recorded in fiscal 2012.

Segment income of the Consumer Packaging segment in fiscal 2012 increased $72.0 million, primarily due to $16.1 million received in connection with the termination and settlement of a paperboard supply agreement, net of legal fees in fiscal 2012, income from the acquired display facilities and generally higher selling prices, and lower recycled fiber and energy costs that were partially offset by higher freight and chemical costs. At our mills, recycled fiber costs decreased approximately $20.7 million or $24 per ton, energy costs decreased $8.7 million or $7 per ton and chemical costs increased approximately $5.0 million or $4 per ton. Freight expense, excluding the acquired display facilities, increased $8.3 million in the segment. Fiscal 2012 segment income

29


included a gain of $5.8 million for an insurance recovery related to a turbine failure at our Demopolis, AL mill, which was partially offset by $3.9 million of business interruption costs related to the turbine failure and a charge for unrecoverable insurance claims in the period. Segment income in fiscal 2011 was impacted by the Demopolis, AL mill planned major maintenance outage.


Recycling Segment (Aggregate Before Intersegment Eliminations)
 
Net Sales
(Aggregate)
 
Segment
Income
 
Return
on Sales
 
(In millions, except percentages)
Fiscal 2011
 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
$
41.9

 
$
2.3

 
5.5
 %
Second Quarter
40.8

 
2.6

 
6.4

Third Quarter
147.4

 
4.6

 
3.1

Fourth Quarter
355.8

 
5.3

 
1.5

Total
$
585.9

 
$
14.8

 
2.5
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal 2012
 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
$
329.4

 
$
3.5

 
1.1
 %
Second Quarter
296.1

 
4.2

 
1.4

Third Quarter
338.9

 
2.2

 
0.6

Fourth Quarter
264.4

 
(2.8
)
 
(1.1
)
Total
$
1,228.8

 
$
7.1

 
0.6
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal 2013
 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
$
251.8

 
$
4.3

 
1.7
 %
Second Quarter
271.0

 
3.5

 
1.3

Third Quarter
274.6

 
2.0

 
0.7

Fourth Quarter
276.0

 
4.6

 
1.7

Total
$
1,073.4

 
$
14.4

 
1.3
 %

Fiber Reclaimed and Brokered
(Shipments in thousands of tons)
First
Quarter
 
Second
Quarter
 
Third
Quarter
 
Fourth
Quarter
 
Fiscal
Year
Fiscal 2011
211.6

 
213.7

 
773.9

 
1,759.6

 
2,958.8

Fiscal 2012
2,064.5

 
1,996.9

 
2,039.7

 
1,982.8

 
8,083.9

Fiscal 2013
1,945.0

 
1,802.5

 
1,819.2

 
1,826.6

 
7,393.3


Net Sales (Aggregate) — Recycling Segment

Our Recycling segment net sales decreased $155.4 million in fiscal 2013 compared to fiscal 2012 primarily due to lower selling prices and lower volumes due in part to the reduced number of operating facilities and our exiting from low margin business.

Our Recycling segment net sales increased $642.9 million in fiscal 2012 compared to fiscal 2011 primarily due to the full year inclusion of the Smurfit-Stone operations following the May 27, 2011 Smurfit-Stone Acquisition, which were partially offset by lower selling prices.

Segment Income — Recycling Segment

Segment income attributable to the Recycling segment increased $7.3 million in fiscal 2013 compared to fiscal 2012 primarily due to operational execution and cost structure improvements, including facility closures.

Segment income attributable to the Recycling segment decreased $7.7 million in fiscal 2012 compared to fiscal 2011. Income from increased sales from the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition was more than offset by the impact of margin compression from lower

30


selling prices. The declining prices resulted in a lower of cost or market inventory charge of $1.8 million and we incurred $1.4 million of increased bad debt expense.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

We fund our working capital requirements, capital expenditures, acquisitions, dividends and stock repurchases from net cash provided by operating activities, borrowings under our credit facilities, proceeds from the sale of property, plant and equipment removed from service and proceeds received in connection with the issuance of debt and equity securities.

Cash and cash equivalents was $36.4 million at September 30, 2013 and $37.2 million at September 30, 2012. At September 30, 2013 total debt was $2,844.8 million, $2.9 million of which was current. At September 30, 2012, total debt was $3,412.5 million. The principal components of our debt consist of a revolving credit facility, a term loan facility, a receivables-backed financing facility and various senior notes. A portion of the debt classified as long-term may be paid down earlier than scheduled at our discretion without penalty. Aggregate liquidity under our Receivables Facility and Credit Facility exceeded $1.7 billion at September 30, 2013. Certain restrictive covenants govern our maximum availability under the Credit Facility and Receivables Facility. We test and report our compliance with these covenants as required and we are in compliance with all of our covenants at September 30, 2013.

Credit Facility

On September 27, 2012 we entered into an unsecured Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Credit Facility”) to amend and extend the then existing facility. The Credit Facility has an original maximum principal amount of approximately $2.7 billion before scheduled payments and includes a $1.475 billion, 5-year revolving credit facility and a $1.223 billion, 5-year term loan facility. The facility matures on September 27, 2017. Effective May 3, 2013, we exercised the Leverage Reduction Option which reduced our maximum permitted Leverage Ratio to 3.5 times and decreased our Applicable Percentage 25 basis points (each as defined in the Credit Facility). On June 7, 2013, we amended the Credit Facility to, among other things, modified the EBITDA definition, including but not limited to, allowing for add backs associated with proactive pension actions, synergies associated with future acquisitions and certain business interruptions covered by third parties and permitted a future $200 million Mexican peso sub-facility with dollar for dollar reduction to existing commitments if activated. At September 30, 2013, available borrowings under the revolving credit portion of the Credit Facility, reduced by outstanding letters of credit not drawn upon of approximately $48.6 million and the application of our maximum leverage ratio subject to the facility limit, exceeded $1.2 billion.

Receivables-Backed Financing Facility

On December 21, 2012, we amended and increased our receivables-backed financing facility (the “Receivables Facility”) from $625.0 million to $700.0 million, extended the maturity date to December 18, 2015, and amended, among other things, certain restrictions on what constitutes eligible receivables under the facility and lowered borrowing costs. Borrowing availability under this facility is based on the eligible underlying accounts receivable and certain covenants. On August 30, 2013, we amended our Receivables Facility to allow for the exclusion of eligible receivables of specific obligors each calendar year subject to the following restrictions: (i) the aggregate of excluded receivables may not exceed 7.5% of eligible receivables under the Receivables Facility, and (ii) the excluded receivables of each obligor may not exceed 2.5% of the aggregate outstanding balance. At September 30, 2013, we had $260.0 million of our $700.0 million maximum available borrowings outstanding under the Receivables Facility. The carrying amount of accounts receivable collateralizing the maximum available borrowings at September 30, 2013 was approximately $942.5 million. We have continuing involvement with the underlying receivables as we provide credit and collections services pursuant to the securitization agreement.

Senior Notes

At September 30, 2013, we had the following face value unsecured senior notes outstanding: $350 million of 4.45% senior notes due March 2019, $350 million of 3.50% senior notes due March 2020, $400 million of 4.90% senior notes due March 2022 and $350 million of 4.00% senior notes due March 2023. On March 15, 2013, we repaid our 5.625% notes due March 2013 upon maturity utilizing cash flow from operations and borrowings under our Receivables Facility.

See “Note 8. Debt” of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included herein for additional information on our outstanding debt.


31


Loss on Extinguishment of Debt

During fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011 loss on extinguishment of debt was $0.3 million, $25.9 million and $39.5 million, respectively, for the expenses recorded in connection with various financing transactions. For additional information regarding these transactions see Item 7. “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Results of Operations (Consolidated) — Loss on Extinguishment of Debt.

Cash Flow Activity

Net cash provided by operating activities during fiscal 2013 and fiscal 2012 was $1,032.5 million and $656.7 million, respectively. Net cash provided by operating activities during fiscal 2013 increased primarily due to increased income, net of deferred taxes, and decreased pension funding requirements partially offset by a greater use of working capital in fiscal 2013 as compared to fiscal 2012. Net cash provided by operating activities during fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011 was $656.7 million and $461.7 million, respectively. Net cash provided by operating activities during fiscal 2012 included $305.4 million of pension and other postretirement funding more than expense, a $12.8 million benefit payment to a former Smurfit-Stone executive and an aggregate $15.9 million use of operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions. Net cash provided by operating activities during fiscal 2011 included pension and other postretirement funding more than expense of $22.7 million. Pension and other postretirement funding more than expense increased in fiscal 2012 primarily due to the full year impact of the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition. Fiscal 2011 included a net increase in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions, excluding income taxes of $37.2 million primarily associated with receivables to support increased sales and to fund taking cash payment discounts on legacy Smurfit operations purchases.

Net cash used for investing activities was $403.6 million during fiscal 2013 compared to $544.2 million in fiscal 2012. Net cash used for investing activities in fiscal 2013 consisted primarily of $440.4 million of capital expenditures and $6.3 million for the purchase of a corrugated sheet plant that were partially offset by $26.8 million of proceeds from the sale of property, plant and equipment related primarily to previously closed facilities and $15.4 million for a partial insurance settlement related to the fiscal 2012 turbine failure at our Demopolis, AL bleached paperboard mill. The proceeds are being used to replace the turbine with a newer model. Net cash used for investing activities was $544.2 million during fiscal 2012 compared to $1,491.4 million in fiscal 2011. Net cash used for investing activities in fiscal 2012 consisted primarily of $452.4 million of capital expenditures, $17.0 million for the purchase of a leased energy co-generation facility at one of our mills and $125.6 million of cash paid primarily for the GMI and Mid South acquisitions, which was partially offset by $40.5 million of proceeds from the sale of property, plant and equipment which primarily consisted of corrugated converting facilities we previously closed and $10.2 million of proceeds from a property, plant and equipment insurance settlement related to the Demopolis, AL mill turbine. Net cash used for investing activities in fiscal 2011 consisted primarily of $1,300.1 million paid for the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition, net of cash acquired and $199.4 million of capital expenditures.
 
Net cash used for financing activities was $629.2 million during fiscal 2013 compared to net cash provided by financing activities of $118.6 million in fiscal 2012. In fiscal 2013, net cash used for financing activities consisted primarily of the net repayment of debt aggregating $557.6 million and $75.3 million of cash dividends paid to shareholders. Net cash used for financing activities was $118.6 million during fiscal 2012 compared to net cash provided by financing activities of $1,051.6 million in fiscal 2011. In fiscal 2012, net cash used for financing activities consisted primarily of the net repayment of debt aggregating $46.5 million, $56.5 million of cash dividends paid to shareholders and $30.2 million of debt issuance and extinguishment costs. In fiscal 2011, net cash provided by financing activities consisted primarily of the net issuance of debt aggregating $1,149.2 million and $25.2 million for the issuance of common stock, net of related minimum tax withholdings, that were partially offset by debt issuance costs of $43.8 million, $37.9 million of cash paid for debt extinguishment costs and $37.6 million of cash dividends paid to shareholders.

Our capital expenditures aggregated $440.4 million in fiscal 2013. We were obligated to purchase approximately $98.7 million of fixed assets at September 30, 2013. We expect fiscal 2014 capital expenditures to be approximately $525 to $550 million. The approximately $100 million projected increase over fiscal 2013 levels includes approximately $29 million of Boiler MACT spending that will be part of our total estimated Boiler MACT capital spending of $80 million at our containerboard mills. Additionally, we will spend an estimated $18 million in fiscal 2014 on a project with a total estimated cost of $68 million to build a new fluidized bed biomass boiler at our Demopolis, AL bleached paperboard mill that will replace two 1950's power boilers. The fluidized bed biomass boiler project is expected to be completed in fiscal 2016, and once implemented, is expected to achieve an attractive return while addressing the Boiler MACT requirements at the mill. We plan to build a new wood yard and chip delivery system at our Florence, SC containerboard mill at a cost of approximately $43 million that we expect to complete at the end of fiscal 2014. Our capital expenditure estimates exclude approximately $34 million of accrued liabilities associated with a dispute with vendors related to a fiscal 2012 major capital investment at one of our containerboard mills, which would increase capital spending to the extent paid. It is possible that our capital expenditure assumptions may change, project completion dates

32


may change, or we may decide to spend a different amount depending upon opportunities we identify or to comply with environmental regulation changes such as those promulgated by the EPA. Our Boiler MACT projections are subject to change due to items such as the finalization of ongoing engineering work, EPA determinations on Boiler MACT implementation issues and the outcomes of pending legal challenges to the rules.

At September 30, 2013, the federal, state and Canadian net operating losses, Cellulosic Biofuel Producer Credits, Alternative Minimum Tax Credits and other federal tax and state credits available to us aggregated approximately $553 million in future potential reductions of U.S. federal, state and Canadian cash taxes. Based on our current projections, we expect to utilize the federal net operating losses in fiscal 2014 and the remaining cellulosic biofuel, alternative minimum tax and other federal credits and Canadian net operating losses in fiscal 2014 and 2015. State net operating losses and credits will be used over a longer period of time. Therefore, we expect our cash tax payments to be materially less than our income tax expense in fiscal 2014 and 2015 and moderately lower in fiscal 2016. However, it is possible that our utilization may change due to changes in taxable income, tax laws or tax rates, capital spending or other factors.

During fiscal 2013 and fiscal 2012, we made contributions of $188.9 million and $367.5 million, respectively, to our pension and supplemental retirement plans. The underfunded status of our plans at September 30, 2013 was approximately $1.0 billion. We currently expect to contribute approximately $239 million to our qualified defined benefit plans in fiscal 2014, including approximately $26 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2014 related to our unfunded Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (“SERP”). We have made contributions to our pension plans and expect to continue to make contributions in the coming years in order to ensure that our funding levels remain adequate in light of projected liabilities and to meet the requirements of the Pension Act and other regulations. Based on current assumptions, including future interest rates, we currently estimate that minimum pension contributions will be in the range of approximately $211 million to $255 million annually in 2015 through 2017 and approximately $132 million in 2018. Our estimates are based on current factors, such as discount rates and expected return on plan assets. Future contributions are subject to changes in our underfunded status based on factors such as investment performance, discount rates, return on plan assets and changes in legislation. It is possible that our assumptions may change, actual market performance may vary or we may decide to contribute different amounts. There can be no assurance that such changes, including potential turmoil in financial and capital markets, will not be material to our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.

In October 2013, our board of directors approved our November 2013 quarterly dividend of $0.35 per share, indicating a current annualized dividend of $1.40 per share and a 17% increase over the $0.30 per share paid in May 2013 and August 2013. The $0.30 per share we paid in May 2013 and August 2013 was a 33% increase over the $0.225 per share accelerated February 2013 dividend paid in December 2012 and the $0.225 per share paid in November 2012. During fiscal 2013, we paid aggregate dividends on our Common Stock of $1.05 per share and during fiscal 2012, we paid a quarterly dividend on our Common Stock of $0.20 per share or $0.80 per share annually.

Our board of directors has approved a stock repurchase plan that allows for the repurchase of shares of Common Stock over an indefinite period of time. Our stock repurchase plan, as amended in November 2013, allows for the repurchase of a total of 9.2 million shares of Common Stock, an increase from the 6.0 million previously authorized. In fiscal 2013 and 2012, we did not repurchase any shares of Common Stock. As of September 30, 2013, we had approximately 1.8 million shares of Common Stock available for repurchase, and 5.0 million shares after the November 2013 amendment.

We anticipate that we will be able to fund our capital expenditures, interest payments, dividends and stock repurchases, pension payments, working capital needs, note repurchases, restructuring activities, repayments of current portion of long-term debt and other corporate actions for the foreseeable future from cash generated from operations, borrowings under our Credit Facility and Receivables Facility, proceeds from the issuance of debt or equity securities or other additional long-term debt financing, including new or amended facilities. In addition, we continually review our capital structure and conditions in the private and public debt markets in order to optimize our mix of indebtedness. In connection therewith, we may seek to refinance existing indebtedness to extend maturities, reduce borrowing costs or otherwise improve the terms and composition of our indebtedness.

Non-GAAP Measures

We have included in the discussion under the caption Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Overview” above financial measures that were not prepared in accordance with GAAP. Any analysis of non-GAAP financial measures should be used only in conjunction with results presented in accordance with GAAP. Below, we define these non-GAAP financial measures, provide reconciliations of the non-GAAP financial measure to the most directly comparable financial measure calculated in accordance with GAAP, and discuss the reasons that we believe this information is useful to management and may be useful to investors.

33



Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Earnings per Diluted Share

We use the non-GAAP measures “adjusted net income” and “adjusted earnings per diluted share.” Management believes these non-GAAP financial measures provide our board of directors, investors, potential investors, securities analysts and others with useful information to evaluate our performance because it excludes restructuring and other costs, net, and other specific items that management believes are not indicative of the ongoing operating results of the business. The Company and our board of directors use this information to evaluate our performance relative to other periods. We believe that the most directly comparable GAAP measures to adjusted net income and adjusted earnings per diluted share are Net income attributable to Rock-Tenn Company shareholders and Earnings per diluted share, respectively. Adjusted net income and Adjusted earnings per diluted share are not intended to be a substitute for GAAP financial measures and should not be used as such. See Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Overview” for a reconciliation of adjusted earnings per diluted share to Earnings per diluted share. Set forth below is a reconciliation of Adjusted net income to Net income attributable to Rock-Tenn Company shareholders (in millions, net of tax):
 
Years Ended September 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
Net income attributable to Rock-Tenn Company shareholders
$
727.3

 
$
249.1

 
$
141.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
Alternative fuel mixture tax credit tax reserve adjustment
(252.9
)
 

 

Restructuring and other costs and operating losses and transition costs due to plant closures
59.1

 
57.8

 
66.5

Loss on extinguishment of debt
0.2

 
16.3

 
25.1

Acquisition inventory step-up

 
0.5

 
37.7