10-Q 1 corpq32012.htm FORM 10-Q CORP Q3 2012



UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of
The Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period ended
Commission file
September 30, 2012
number 1-5805

JPMorgan Chase & Co.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
13-2624428
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. employer
identification no.)
 
 
270 Park Avenue, New York, New York
10017
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
 
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (212) 270-6000



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
T Yes o No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
T Yes o No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer T                 Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) o Smaller reporting company o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
o Yes T No
 
Number of shares of common stock outstanding as of October 31, 2012: 3,801,401,625
 





FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Part I - Financial information
Page
Item 1
 
 
112
 
Consolidated statements of comprehensive income (unaudited) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011
113
 
Consolidated balance sheets (unaudited) at September 30, 2012, and December 31, 2011
114
 
Consolidated statements of changes in stockholders’ equity (unaudited) for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011
115
 
Consolidated statements of cash flows (unaudited) for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011
116
 
117
 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
210
 
Consolidated Average Balance Sheets, Interest and Rates (unaudited) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011
211
 
213
Item 2
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations:
 
 
3
 
4
 
6
 
12
 
Explanation and Reconciliation of the Firm’s Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
15
 
17
 
52
 
53
 
55
 
59
 
63
 
106
 
107
 
110
 
111
Item 3
220
Item 4
220
Part II - Other information
 
Item 1
220
Item 1A
220
Item 2
222
Item 3
224
Item 4
Mine Safety Disclosure
224
Item 5
224
Item 6
224




2




JPMorgan Chase & Co.
Consolidated financial highlights
(unaudited)
(in millions, except per share, headcount and ratio data)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine months ended September 30,
As of or for the period ended,
3Q12
2Q12
1Q12
4Q11
3Q11
 
2012
2011
Selected income statement data
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total net revenue
$
25,146

$
22,180

$
26,052

$
21,471

$
23,763

 
$
73,378

$
75,763

Total noninterest expense
15,371

14,966

18,345

14,540

15,534

 
48,682

48,371

Pre-provision profit
9,775

7,214

7,707

6,931

8,229

 
24,696

27,392

Provision for credit losses
1,789

214

726

2,184

2,411

 
2,729

5,390

Income before income tax expense
7,986

7,000

6,981

4,747

5,818

 
21,967

22,002

Income tax expense
2,278

2,040

2,057

1,019

1,556

 
6,375

6,754

Net income
$
5,708

$
4,960

$
4,924

$
3,728

$
4,262

 
$
15,592

$
15,248

Per common share data
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share: Basic
$
1.41

$
1.22

$
1.20

$
0.90

$
1.02

 
$
3.82

$
3.60

  Diluted
1.40

1.21

1.19

0.90

1.02

 
3.81

3.57

Cash dividends declared per share(a)
0.30

0.30

0.30

0.25

0.25

 
0.90

0.75

Book value per share
50.17

48.40

47.48

46.59

45.93

 
50.17

45.93

Tangible book value per share(b)
37.53

35.71

34.79

33.69

33.05

 
37.53

33.05

Common shares outstanding
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Average: Basic
3,803.3

3,808.9

3,818.8

3,801.9

3,859.6

 
3,810.4

3,933.2

Diluted
3,813.9

3,820.5

3,833.4

3,811.7

3,872.2

 
3,822.6

3,956.5

Common shares at period-end
3,799.6

3,796.8

3,822.0

3,772.7

3,798.9

 
3,799.6

3,798.9

Share price(c)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
High
$
42.09

$
46.35

$
46.49

$
37.54

$
42.55

 
$
46.49

$
48.36

Low
33.10

30.83

34.01

27.85

28.53

 
30.83

28.53

Close
40.48

35.73

45.98

33.25

30.12

 
40.48

30.12

Market capitalization
153,806

135,661

175,737

125,442

114,422

 
153,806

114,422

Selected ratios
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Return on common equity (“ROE”)
12
%
11
%
11
%
8
%
9
%
 
11
%
11
%
Return on tangible common equity (“ROTCE”)(b)
16

15

15

11

13

 
15

16

Return on assets (“ROA”)
1.01

0.88

0.88

0.65

0.76

 
0.92

0.94

Return on risk-weighted assets(d)
1.74

1.52

1.57

1.21

1.40

 
1.61

1.70

Overhead ratio
61

67

70

68

65

 
66

64

Deposits-to-loans ratio
158

153

157

156

157

 
158

157

Tier 1 capital ratio
11.9

11.3

11.9

12.3

12.1

 
11.9

12.1

Total capital ratio
14.7

14.0

14.9

15.4

15.3

 
14.7

15.3

Tier 1 leverage ratio
7.1

6.7

7.1

6.8

6.8

 
7.1

6.8

Tier 1 common capital ratio(e)
10.4

9.9

9.8

10.1

9.9

 
10.4

9.9

Selected balance sheet data (period-end)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trading assets
$
447,053

$
417,324

$
455,633

$
443,963

$
461,531

 
$
447,053

$
461,531

Securities
365,901

354,595

381,742

364,793

339,349

 
365,901

339,349

Loans
721,947

727,571

720,967

723,720

696,853

 
721,947

696,853

Total assets
2,321,284

2,290,146

2,320,164

2,265,792

2,289,240

 
2,321,284

2,289,240

Deposits
1,139,611

1,115,886

1,128,512

1,127,806

1,092,708

 
1,139,611

1,092,708

Long-term debt
241,140

239,539

255,831

256,775

273,688

 
241,140

273,688

Common stockholders’ equity
190,635

183,772

181,469

175,773

174,487

 
190,635

174,487

Total stockholders’ equity
199,693

191,572

189,269

183,573

182,287

 
199,693

182,287

Headcount
259,547

262,882

261,453

260,157

256,663

 
259,547

256,663

Credit quality metrics
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Allowance for credit losses
$
23,576

$
24,555

$
26,621

$
28,282

$
29,036

 
$
23,576

$
29,036

Allowance for loan losses to total retained loans
3.18
%
3.29
%
3.63
%
3.84
%
4.09
%
 
3.18
%
4.09
%
Allowance for loan losses to retained loans excluding purchased credit-impaired loans(f)
2.61

2.74

3.11

3.35

3.74

 
2.61

3.74

Nonperforming assets
$
12,481

$
11,397

$
11,953

$
11,315

$
12,468

 
$
12,481

$
12,468

Net charge-offs
2,770

2,278

2,387

2,907

2,507

 
7,435

9,330

Net charge-off rate
1.53
%
1.27
%
1.35
%
1.64
%
1.44
%
 
1.39
%
1.83
%
(a)
On March 13, 2012, the Board of Directors increased the Firm’s quarterly stock dividend from $0.25 to $0.30 per share.
(b)
Tangible book value per share and ROTCE are non-GAAP financial ratios. ROTCE measures the Firm’s earnings as a percentage of tangible common equity. Tangible book value per share represents the Firm’s tangible common equity divided by period-end common shares. For further discussion of these ratios, see Explanation and Reconciliation of the Firm’s Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures on pages 15–16 of this Form 10-Q.
(c)
Share prices shown for JPMorgan Chase’s common stock are from the New York Stock Exchange. JPMorgan Chase’s common stock is also listed and traded on the London Stock Exchange and the Tokyo Stock Exchange.
(d)
Return on Basel I risk-weighted assets is the annualized earnings of the Firm divided by its average risk-weighted assets.
(e)
Basel I Tier 1 common capital ratio (“Tier 1 common ratio”) is Tier 1 common capital (“Tier 1 common”) divided by risk-weighted assets. The Firm uses Tier 1 common capital along with the other capital measures to assess and monitor its capital position. For further discussion of Tier 1 common capital ratio, see Regulatory capital on pages 59–61 of this Form 10-Q.
(f)
Excludes the impact of residential real estate purchased credit-impaired (“PCI”) loans. For further discussion, see Allowance for credit losses on pages 93–95 of this Form 10-Q.



3


INTRODUCTION
This section of the Form 10-Q provides management’s discussion and analysis (“MD&A”) of the financial condition and results of operations of JPMorgan Chase. See the Glossary of terms on pages 213–216 for definitions of terms used throughout this Form 10-Q.
The MD&A included in this Form 10-Q contains statements that are forward-looking within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are based on the current beliefs and expectations of JPMorgan Chase’s management and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ from those set forth in the forward-looking statements. For a discussion of those risks and uncertainties and the factors that could cause JPMorgan Chase’s actual results to differ materially from those risks and uncertainties, see Forward-looking Statements on page 111 and Part II, Item 1A: Risk Factors, on pages 220–222 of this Form 10-Q; Part II, Item 1A: Risk Factors, on pages 175–175A of the Firm’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q/A for the quarter ended March 31, 2012; Part II, Item 1A: Risk Factors, on pages 219–222 of the Firm’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2012; and Part I, Item 1A, Risk Factors, on pages 7–17 of JPMorgan Chase’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“2011 Annual Report” or “2011 Form 10-K”), to which reference is hereby made.
JPMorgan Chase & Co., a financial holding company incorporated under Delaware law in 1968, is a leading global financial services firm and one of the largest banking institutions in the United States of America (“U.S.”), with operations worldwide; the Firm has $2.3 trillion in assets and $199.7 billion in stockholders’ equity as of September 30, 2012. The Firm is a leader in investment banking, financial services for consumers and small businesses, commercial banking, financial transaction processing, asset management and private equity. Under the J.P. Morgan and Chase brands, the Firm serves millions of customers in the U.S. and many of the world’s most prominent corporate, institutional and government clients.
JPMorgan Chase’s principal bank subsidiaries are JPMorgan Chase Bank, National Association (“JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A.”), a national bank with U.S. branches in 23 states, and Chase Bank USA, National Association (“Chase Bank USA, N.A.”), a national bank that is the Firm’s credit card–issuing bank. JPMorgan Chase’s principal nonbank subsidiary is J.P. Morgan Securities LLC (“JPMorgan Securities”), the Firm’s U.S. investment banking firm. The bank and nonbank subsidiaries of JPMorgan Chase operate nationally as well as through overseas branches and subsidiaries, representative offices and subsidiary foreign banks. One of the Firm’s principal operating subsidiaries in the United Kingdom (“U.K.”) is J.P. Morgan Securities plc (formerly J.P. Morgan Securities Ltd.), a subsidiary of JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A.
 
JPMorgan Chase’s activities at the end of the third quarter 2012 were organized, for management reporting purposes, into six major business segments. In addition, there is a Corporate/Private Equity segment. The Firm’s wholesale businesses comprise the Investment Bank, Commercial Banking, Treasury & Securities Services and Asset Management segments. The Firm’s consumer businesses comprise the Retail Financial Services and Card Services & Auto segments. A description of the Firm’s business segments, and the products and services they provide to their respective client bases, follows.
Investment Bank
J.P. Morgan is one of the world’s leading investment banks, with deep client relationships and broad product capabilities. The clients of the Investment Bank (“IB”) are corporations, financial institutions, governments and institutional investors. The Firm offers a full range of investment banking products and services in all major capital markets, including advising on corporate strategy and structure, capital-raising in equity and debt markets, sophisticated risk management, market-making in cash securities and derivative instruments, prime brokerage, and research.
Retail Financial Services
Retail Financial Services (“RFS”) serves consumers and businesses through personal service at bank branches and through ATMs, online and mobile banking and telephone banking. RFS is organized into Consumer & Business Banking and Mortgage Banking (including Mortgage Production and Servicing, and Real Estate Portfolios). Consumer & Business Banking offers deposit and investment products and services to consumers and lending, deposit and cash management, and payment solutions to small businesses. Mortgage Production and Servicing includes mortgage origination and servicing activities. Real Estate Portfolios comprises residential mortgages and home equity loans, including the PCI portfolio acquired in the Washington Mutual transaction. Customers can use nearly 5,600 bank branches (second largest nationally) and nearly 18,500 ATMs (largest nationally), as well as online and mobile banking around the clock. More than 32,800 branch salespeople assist customers with checking and savings accounts, mortgages, home equity and business loans, and investments across the 23-state footprint from New York and Florida to California. As one of the largest mortgage originators in the U.S., Chase helps customers buy or refinance homes resulting in more than $150 billion of mortgage originations annually. Chase also services approximately 8 million mortgages and home equity loans.


4


Card Services & Auto
Card Services & Auto (“Card”) is one of the nation’s largest credit card issuers, with over $124 billion in credit card loans. Customers have nearly 64 million open credit card accounts (excluding the commercial card portfolio), and used Chase credit cards to meet over $279 billion of their spending needs in the nine months ended September 30, 2012. Consumers can obtain loans through more than 17,400 auto dealerships. Chase customers also can obtain student loans for attendance at eligible schools and universities nationwide. Through its Merchant Services business, Chase Paymentech Solutions, Card is a global leader in payment processing and merchant acquiring.
Commercial Banking
Commercial Banking (“CB”) delivers extensive industry knowledge, local expertise and dedicated service to U.S. and U.S. multinational clients, including corporations, municipalities, financial institutions and not-for-profit entities with annual revenue generally ranging from $10 million to $2 billion. In addition, CB provides financing to real estate investors and owners. Partnering with the Firm’s other businesses, CB provides comprehensive financial solutions, including lending, treasury services, investment banking and asset management to meet its clients’ domestic and international financial needs.
Treasury & Securities Services
Treasury & Securities Services (“TSS”) is a global leader in transaction, investment and information services. TSS is one of the world’s largest cash management providers and a leading global custodian. Treasury Services (“TS”) provides cash management, trade, wholesale card and liquidity products and services to small- and mid-sized companies, multinational corporations, financial institutions and government entities. TS partners with IB, CB, RFS and Asset Management businesses to serve clients firmwide. Certain TS revenue is included in other segments’ results. Worldwide Securities Services (“WSS”) holds, values, clears and services securities, cash and alternative investments for investors and broker-dealers, and manages depositary receipt programs globally.
Asset Management
Asset Management (“AM”), with assets under supervision of $2.0 trillion as of September 30, 2012, is a global leader in investment and wealth management. AM clients include institutions, retail investors and high-net-worth individuals in every major market throughout the world. AM offers global investment management in equities, fixed income, real estate, hedge funds, private equity and liquidity products, including money-market instruments and bank deposits. AM also provides trust and estate, banking and brokerage services to high-net-worth clients, and retirement services for corporations and individuals. The majority of AM’s client assets are in actively managed portfolios.
In addition to the six major reportable business segments outlined above, the following is a description of Corporate/Private Equity.
 
Corporate/Private Equity
The Corporate/Private Equity sector comprises Private Equity, Treasury, Chief Investment Office (“CIO”), and Other Corporate, which includes corporate staff units and expense that is centrally managed. Treasury and CIO manage capital and liquidity of the Firm. The corporate staff units include Central Technology and Operations, Audit, Executive, Finance, Human Resources, Corporate Marketing, Internet & Mobile, Legal & Compliance, Global Real Estate, General Services, Risk Management, and Corporate Responsibility & Public Policy. Other centrally managed expense includes the Firm’s occupancy and pension-related expense that are subject to allocation to the businesses.
Business segment changes
On July 27, 2012, the Firm announced that it will be reorganizing its business segments to reflect the manner in which the segments will be managed. The reorganization of the business segments is expected to be effective beginning in the fourth quarter of 2012. As a result, Retail Financial Services and Card Services & Auto businesses will be combined to form the Consumer & Community Banking segment. The Investment Bank and Treasury & Securities Services businesses will be combined to form the Corporate & Investment Bank segment. Asset Management and Commercial Banking will remain unchanged. In addition, Corporate/Private Equity will not be significantly affected.



5


EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW
This executive overview of the MD&A highlights selected information and may not contain all of the information that is important to readers of this Form 10-Q. For a complete description of events, trends and uncertainties, as well as the capital, liquidity, credit and market risks, and the critical accounting estimates affecting the Firm and its various lines of business, this Form 10-Q should be read in its entirety.
Economic environment
The global economy continued to expand in the third quarter of 2012, but reflected regional differences.
The U.S. economy grew at a modest pace. The U.S. unemployment rate declined to 7.8% at the end of the third quarter as U.S. labor market conditions continued to improve at a slow pace. The U.S. housing sector continued to show signs of improvement: excess inventories were reduced, prices began to rise and affordability improved in most areas of the country as household incomes stabilized and mortgage rates declined. During the third quarter, homebuilder confidence improved to the highest level in six years and housing starts increased to the highest level in four years. The multifamily and rental sector continued to benefit from robust demand. Business fixed investment remained solid; although slower in recent months as nonresidential construction declined, investments in equipment and software remained strong.
The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “Federal Reserve”) maintained the target range for the
 
federal funds rate at zero to one quarter percent and guided that economic conditions are likely to warrant exceptionally low levels for the federal funds rate, at least through late 2015. Additionally, the Federal Reserve announced a new asset purchase program that would be open-ended and is intended to speed up the pace of the U.S. economic recovery and produce sustained improvement in the labor market.
Asia’s developing economies continued to expand, although growth was significantly slower than earlier in the year, reducing global inflationary pressures.
During the third quarter of 2012, the European Central Bank (“ECB”) announced a new government bond-buying program referred to as the Outright Monetary Transactions (“OMT”) plan. The plan includes the ECB’s conditional pledge to purchase “unlimited” amounts of the government bonds of the region’s troubled nations and is intended shore up confidence in the Euro. With the announcement of the OMT plan and other actions by the ECB, concerns over the European monetary union have recently receded.
The U.S. economy is likely to be affected by the continuing uncertainty about Europe’s financial crisis, the Federal Reserve’s monetary policy, and the fiscal debate over taxes and spending that is expected to occur later in 2012, among other factors.


Financial performance of JPMorgan Chase
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
(in millions, except per share data and ratios)
2012
 
2011
 
Change
 
2012
 
2011
 
Change
Selected income statement data
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total net revenue
$
25,146

 
$
23,763

 
6
 %
 
$
73,378

 
$
75,763

 
(3
)%
Total noninterest expense
15,371

 
15,534

 
(1
)
 
48,682

 
48,371

 
1

Pre-provision profit
9,775

 
8,229

 
19

 
24,696

 
27,392

 
(10
)
Provision for credit losses
1,789

 
2,411

 
(26
)
 
2,729

 
5,390

 
(49
)
Net income
5,708

 
4,262

 
34

 
15,592

 
15,248

 
2

Diluted earnings per share
1.40

 
1.02

 
37
 %
 
3.81

 
3.57

 
7
 %
Return on common equity
12
%
 
9
%
 
 
 
11
%
 
11
%
 
 
Capital ratios
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tier 1 capital
11.9

 
12.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tier 1 common
10.4

 
9.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Business Overview
JPMorgan Chase reported record third-quarter 2012 net income of $5.7 billion, or a record $1.40 per share, on net revenue of $25.1 billion. Net income increased by $1.4 billion, or 34%, compared with net income of $4.3 billion, or $1.02 per share, in the third quarter of 2011. ROE for the quarter was 12%, compared with 9% for the prior-year quarter. Results in the third quarter of 2012 included the following significant items: $900 million pretax benefit ($0.14 per share after-tax increase in earnings) from a reduction in the allowance for loan losses in Real Estate
 
Portfolios; $825 million pretax incremental charge-offs ($0.13 per share after-tax decrease in earnings) due to regulatory guidance on certain residential loans in Real Estate Portfolios; $888 million pretax benefit ($0.14 per share after-tax increase in earnings) due to extinguishment gains on redeemed trust preferred capital debt securities in Corporate; $684 million pretax expense ($0.11 per share after-tax decrease in earnings) for additional litigation reserves in Corporate. The tax rate used for each of the above significant items is 38%; for additional information, see the discussion at the end of this section on pages 8–9.


6


The increase in net income from the third quarter of 2011 was driven by higher net revenue, a lower provision for credit losses and lower noninterest expense. The increase in net revenue as compared with the prior year was due to higher mortgage fees and related income, higher principal transactions revenue, and higher investment banking fees. Net interest income decreased compared with the prior year, reflecting the impact of low interest rates, as well as lower average trading balances, faster prepayment of mortgage-backed securities, limited reinvestment opportunities and the run off of higher-yielding loans, partially offset by lower deposit costs.
Results in the third quarter of 2012 reflected positive credit trends for the consumer real estate and credit card portfolios. The provision for credit losses was $1.8 billion, down $622 million, or 26%, from the prior year. The total consumer provision for credit losses was $1.9 billion, down $432 million from the prior year. The decrease in the consumer provision reflected a $900 million reduction of the allowance for loan losses related to the mortgage portfolio due to improved delinquency trends and lower estimated losses. Consumer net charge-offs were $2.8 billion, compared with $2.7 billion in the prior year, resulting in net charge-off rates of 3.10% and 2.84%, respectively. The increase in consumer net charge-offs was primarily due to incremental charge-offs of $825 million for certain residential real estate loans recorded in accordance with regulatory guidance requiring loans discharged under Chapter 7 bankruptcy and not reaffirmed by the borrower (“Chapter 7 loans”) to be charged off to the net realizable value of the collateral and to be considered nonaccrual, regardless of their delinquency status. The wholesale provision for credit losses was a benefit of $63 million compared with an expense of $127 million in the prior year. Wholesale net recoveries were $34 million, compared with net recoveries of $151 million in the prior year, resulting in net recovery rates of 0.05% and 0.24%, respectively. The Firm’s allowance for loan losses to end-of-period loans retained was 2.61%, compared with 3.74% in the prior year.
The Firm’s nonperforming assets totaled $12.5 billion at September 30, 2012, up from the prior-quarter level of $11.4 billion and flat compared with the prior-year level of $12.5 billion. The current quarter included $1.7 billion of Chapter 7 loans which were reported as nonaccrual as discussed above. The current quarter nonaccrual loans also reflected the effect of regulatory guidance implemented in the first quarter of 2012, as a result of which the Firm began reporting performing junior liens that are subordinate to senior liens that are 90 days or more past due, as nonaccrual loans. Such junior liens were $1.3 billion in the current quarter and $1.5 billion in the prior quarter.
Loans increased $25.1 billion from the third quarter of 2011; this increase was due to a $42.8 billion increase in the wholesale loan portfolio across the lines of business, partially offset by a $17.7 billion decrease in the consumer
 
loan portfolio, reflecting net runoff, primarily in the real estate portfolios.
Noninterest expense was $15.4 billion, down $163 million, or 1%, compared with the prior year. The current quarter included pretax expense of $790 million for additional litigation reserves. The prior year included pretax expense of $1.3 billion for additional litigation reserves.
The Firm’s results reflected continued momentum in all of its businesses. The Investment Bank reported favorable Fixed Income Markets results and maintained its #1 ranking for Global Investment Banking fees. Consumer & Business Banking average deposits were up 9% and Business Banking loan balances grew for the eighth consecutive quarter to a record $19 billion, up 8% compared with the prior year. Mortgage Banking originations were $47 billion, up 29%, compared with the prior year. Credit Card sales volume, excluding Commercial Card, was up 11% compared with the prior year. Commercial Banking reported record revenue and grew loan balances for the ninth consecutive quarter to a record $124 billion, up 15% compared with the prior year. Treasury & Securities Services assets under custody rose to a record $18.2 trillion, up 12% compared with the prior year. Asset Management reported positive net long-term product flows for the fourteenth consecutive quarter and record loan balances of $75 billion.
Net income for the first nine months of 2012 was $15.6 billion, or $3.81 per share, compared with $15.2 billion, or $3.57 per share, for the first nine months of 2011. The increase was driven by a lower provision for credit losses, partially offset by lower net revenue. The decline in net revenue for the first nine months of the year was driven by lower principal transactions revenue, reflecting losses from the synthetic credit portfolio, and lower investment banking fees, predominantly offset by higher mortgage fees and related income. The lower provision for credit losses reflected an improved consumer credit environment. Noninterest expense was flat compared with the first nine months of 2011.
The Firm strengthened its balance sheet, ending the third quarter with Basel I Tier 1 common capital of $135 billion, or 10.4%, compared with $120 billion, or 9.9%, in the third quarter of 2011. The Firm estimated that its Basel III Tier 1 common ratio was approximately 8.4% at September 30, 2012, taking into account the impact of final Basel 2.5 rules and the Federal Reserve’s Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (“NPR”). (The Basel I and III Tier 1 common ratios are non-GAAP financial measures, which the Firm uses along with the other capital measures, to assess and monitor its capital position. For further discussion of the Tier 1 common capital ratios, see Regulatory capital on pages 59–61 of this Form 10-Q.)
JPMorgan Chase serves clients, consumers, companies, and communities around the globe. The Firm provided credit and raised capital of over $1.3 trillion for commercial and consumer clients during the first nine months of 2012. This


7


included more than $15 billion of credit provided for U.S. small businesses, an increase of 21% compared with the same period last year; and $52 billion of capital raised and credit provided so far this year for more than 1,300 nonprofit and government entities, including states, municipalities, hospitals and universities.
Investment Bank net income decreased from the prior year, reflecting higher noninterest expense and lower net revenue, largely offset by a benefit from the provision for credit losses compared with a provision for credit losses in the prior year. Net revenue included a $211 million loss from debit valuation adjustments (“DVA”) on certain structured and derivative liabilities resulting from the tightening of the Firm’s credit spreads, compared with a gain of $1.9 billion in the prior year. Excluding the impact of DVA, Fixed Income and Equity Markets combined revenue was up 24% compared with the prior year, driven by solid client revenue and broad-based strength across the Fixed Income businesses. The portion of the synthetic credit portfolio transferred from CIO in Corporate to IB on July 2, 2012, experienced a modest loss, which was included in Fixed Income Markets revenue. Investment banking fees were up 38% compared with the prior year primarily due to stronger results in debt underwriting. Noninterest expense increased compared with the prior year, driven by higher compensation expense, partially offset by lower noncompensation expense.
Retail Financial Services net income increased compared with the prior year, reflecting an increase in net revenue and a lower provision for credit losses, partially offset by increased noninterest expense. Net revenue increased as higher noninterest revenue was driven by higher mortgage fees and related income, partially offset by lower debit card revenue; while net interest income declined driven by lower deposit margins and lower loan balances due to portfolio runoff, largely offset by higher deposit balances. The provision for credit losses declined compared with the prior year. The current-quarter provision reflected a $900 million reduction in the allowance for loan losses. Current-quarter total net charge-offs were $1.5 billion, including $825 million of incremental charge-offs of Chapter 7 loans. Noninterest expense increased from the prior year as a result of higher mortgage production expense and higher servicing expense, as well as investments in sales force and new branch builds.
Card Services & Auto net income increased compared with the prior year as lower noninterest expense and lower provision for credit losses was partially offset by lower net revenue. The provision for credit losses was $1.2 billion, compared with $1.3 billion in the prior year. The current-quarter provision reflected lower net charge-offs and a small reduction in the allowance for loan losses. The prior-year provision included a $370 million reduction in the allowance for loan losses. Noninterest expense declined compared with the prior year, driven by lower marketing expense.
 
Commercial Banking net income increased compared with the prior year, reflecting an increase in net revenue and lower provision for credit losses, partially offset by higher expense. Net revenue was a record reflecting growth in loan and liability balances and increased investment banking revenue, partially offset by spread compression on loan products. Noninterest expense increased compared with the prior year, reflecting higher headcount-related expense.
Treasury & Securities Services net income increased compared with the prior year, reflecting higher net revenue. Treasury Services net revenue increased compared with the prior year, driven by higher deposit balances and higher trade finance loan volumes. Worldwide Securities Services net revenue increased compared with the prior year, driven by higher deposit balances.
Asset Management net income increased compared with the prior year, reflecting higher net revenue, lower noninterest expense and lower provision for credit losses. Net revenue increased as higher valuations of seed capital investments and the impact of net product inflows were offset by the absence of a prior-year gain on the sale of an investment and lower loan-related revenue. Net interest income increased primarily due to higher deposit and loan balances. Noninterest expense decreased from the prior year, due to the absence of non-client-related litigation expense, partially offset by higher performance-based compensation.
Corporate/Private Equity reported net income, compared with a net loss in the prior year. Private Equity reported a lower net loss, compared with the prior year. Net revenue was a lower loss compared with the prior year, due to lower net valuation losses on both private and public investments. Treasury and CIO reported net income, compared with a net loss in the prior year. Net revenue increased compared with the prior year. The current-quarter revenue reflected $888 million of pretax extinguishment gains related to the redemption of trust preferred capital debt securities. Principal transactions in CIO included $449 million of losses on the index credit derivative positions that had been retained by it following the transfer of the synthetic credit portfolio to IB on July 2, 2012, reflecting credit spread tightening during the quarter. By the end of the third quarter of 2012, CIO effectively closed out these positions. Net interest income was negative, reflecting the impact of lower portfolio yields and higher deposit balances across the Firm. Net revenue also included securities gains of $459 million from sales of available-for-sale (“AFS”) investment securities during the current quarter. Other Corporate reported a lower net loss, compared with the prior year. The third quarter included pretax expense of $684 million for additional litigation reserves. The prior year included pretax expense of $1.0 billion for additional litigation reserves , predominantly for mortgage-related matters.
Note: The Firm uses a single U.S.-based, blended marginal tax rate of 38% (“the marginal rate”) to report the estimated


8


after-tax effects of each significant item affecting net income. This rate represents the weighted-average marginal tax rate for the U.S. consolidated tax group. The Firm uses this single marginal rate to reflect the tax effects of all significant items because (a) it simplifies the presentation and analysis for management and investors; (b) it has proved to be a reasonable estimate of the marginal tax effects; and (c) often there is uncertainty at the time a significant item is disclosed regarding its ultimate tax outcome.
2012 Business outlook
The following forward-looking statements are based on the current beliefs and expectations of JPMorgan Chase’s management and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. These risks and uncertainties could cause the Firm’s actual results to differ materially from those set forth in such forward-looking statements. See Forward-Looking Statements on page 111 and Risk Factors on pages 220–222 of this Form 10-Q.
JPMorgan Chase’s outlook for the remainder of 2012 should be viewed against the backdrop of the global and U.S. economies, financial markets activity, the geopolitical environment, the competitive environment, client activity levels, and regulatory and legislative developments in the U.S. and other countries where the Firm does business. Each of these linked factors will affect the performance of the Firm and its lines of business.
In the Consumer & Business Banking business within RFS, the Firm estimates that, given the current low interest rate environment, continued deposit spread compression could negatively affect annual net income by over $400 million. It is possible that this decline may be offset by deposit balance growth, although the exact extent of any such deposit growth cannot be determined at this time.
In the Mortgage Production and Servicing business within RFS, management expects to continue to incur elevated default- and foreclosure-related costs, including additional costs associated with the Firm’s mortgage servicing processes, particularly its loan modification and foreclosure procedures. (See Mortgage servicing-related matters on pages 89–91 and Note 16 on pages 184–187 of this Form 10-Q.) In addition, management believes that the high production margins experienced in the third quarter of 2012 will not be sustainable over time. Management also expects there will be continued elevated levels of repurchases of mortgages previously sold, predominantly to U.S. government-sponsored entities (“GSEs”). However, based on current trends and estimates, management believes that the existing mortgage repurchase liability is sufficient to cover such losses.
For Real Estate Portfolios within RFS, management believes that total quarterly net charge-offs may be approximately $600 million, subject to economic uncertainty. If positive credit trends in the residential real estate portfolio continue or accelerate and economic uncertainty does not increase, the related allowance for loan losses may be reduced over
 
time. Given management’s current estimate of net portfolio runoff levels, the residential real estate portfolio is expected to decline by approximately 10% to 12% in 2012 from year-end 2011 levels. This reduction in the residential real estate portfolio can be expected to reduce annual net interest income by approximately $500 million. However, over time, the reduction in net interest income should be offset by an improvement in credit costs and lower expenses.
In Card Services & Auto, the Firm expects that further reductions in the allowance for loan losses for the credit card portfolio may be at or near an end, given the current stage of the credit cycle within the credit card business.
The currently anticipated results for RFS and Card described above could be affected by adverse economic conditions, including further declines in U.S. housing prices or increases in the unemployment rate. Management continues to closely monitor the portfolios in these businesses in light of current economic uncertainty.
In Private Equity, within the Corporate/Private Equity segment, earnings will likely continue to be volatile and influenced by capital markets activity, market levels, the performance of the broader economy and investment-specific issues.
For Treasury and CIO, within the Corporate/Private Equity segment, management currently believes that the segment may generate a net loss of approximately $300 million for the fourth quarter of 2012 (which may vary positively or negatively by approximately $100 million) driven by the implied yield curve and management decisions related to the positioning of the investment securities portfolio.
For Other Corporate, within the Corporate/Private Equity segment, management expects quarterly net income, excluding material litigation expense and significant nonrecurring items, if any, to be approximately $100 million, but this is likely to vary each quarter.
The Firm’s net yield on interest-earning assets is expected to be under continued modest pressure in the fourth quarter of 2012, reflecting the continued low interest rate environment. The Firm’s total noninterest expense for the second half of 2012, excluding Corporate litigation expense and compensation expense for IB, is expected to be comparable to the level for the first half of 2012. This anticipated level of noninterest expense includes elevated costs in Mortgage Banking as a result of higher production costs associated with strong origination volumes and elevated default-related servicing costs, including costs associated with the Consent Orders entered into with the banking regulators relating to the Firm’s residential mortgage servicing and higher costs across the Firm associated with compliance, legal fees and FDIC assessments. See Mortgage servicing-related matters on pages 89–91 of this Form 10-Q for a discussion of the Consent Orders.


9


CIO synthetic credit portfolio update
On August 9, 2012, the Firm restated its previously-filed interim financial statements for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012. The restatement related to valuations of certain positions in the synthetic credit portfolio of the Firm’s CIO. The restatement had the effect of reducing the Firm’s reported net income for the three months ended March 31, 2012, by $459 million. The restatement had no impact on any of the Firm’s Consolidated Financial Statements as of June 30, 2012, and December 31, 2011, or for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011. For more information about the restatement and the related valuation matter, please see our second quarter report on Form 10-Q filed on August 9, 2012.
Management also determined that a material weakness existed in the Firm’s internal control over financial reporting at March 31, 2012. Management has taken steps to remediate the material weakness, including enhancing management supervision of valuation matters. These remedial steps were substantially implemented by June 30, 2012; however, in accordance with the Firm’s internal control compliance program, the material weakness designation could not be closed until the remedial processes were operational for a period of time and successfully tested. The testing was successfully completed during the third quarter of 2012 and the control deficiency was closed at September 30, 2012. For additional information concerning the remedial changes in, and related testing of, the Firm’s internal control over financial reporting, see Part I, Item 4: Controls and Procedures on page 220 of this Form 10-Q.
On July 2, 2012, the majority of the synthetic credit portfolio was transferred from the CIO to the Firm’s IB, which has the expertise, trading platforms and market franchise to manage these positions to maximize their economic value. An aggregate position of approximately $12 billion notional was retained in CIO. Losses incurred by CIO on the portfolio retained by CIO were $449 million (recorded in principal transactions revenue) during the third quarter of 2012, reflecting credit spread tightening. By the end of the third quarter of 2012, CIO effectively closed out the index credit derivative positions that had been retained by it following the transfer. IB continues to actively manage and reduce the risks in the remaining synthetic credit portfolio that was transferred to it on July 2, 2012; this portion of the portfolio experienced a modest loss during the third quarter of 2012, which was included in Fixed Income Markets Revenue for IB (and also recorded in the principal transactions revenue line item of the income statement).
On July 13, 2012, management summarized its observations arising out of its internal review of CIO-related matters. That review, which is being overseen by an independent Review Committee of the Board of Directors, is expected to be concluded early in the first quarter of 2013, along with the Review Committee’s own independent work.
The reported trading losses have resulted in litigation
 
against the Firm, as well as heightened regulatory scrutiny, and may lead to additional regulatory or legal proceedings. Such regulatory and legal proceedings may expose the Firm to fines, penalties, judgments or losses, harm the Firm’s reputation or otherwise cause a decline in investor confidence. For a description of the regulatory and legal developments relating to the CIO matters described above, see Note 23 on pages 196–206 of this Form 10-Q.
Regulatory developments
JPMorgan Chase is subject to regulation under state and federal laws in the U.S., as well as the applicable laws of each of the various other jurisdictions outside the U.S. in which the Firm does business. The Firm is currently experiencing a period of unprecedented change in regulation and supervision, and such changes could have a significant impact on how the Firm conducts business. The Firm continues to work diligently in assessing and understanding the implications of the regulatory changes it is facing, and is devoting substantial resources to implementing all the new rules and regulations while meeting the needs and expectations of its clients.
In June 2011, the Basel Committee announced an agreement to require global systemically important banks (“GSIBs”) to maintain Tier 1 common requirements above the 7% minimum in amounts ranging from an additional 1% to an additional 2.5%. In November 2012, the Financial Stability Board (“FSB”) designated the Firm, as well as three other banks, as GSIBs and indicated that it would require such designated institutions to hold the additional 2.5% of Tier 1 common in accordance with these requirements. For additional information see Regulatory capital on pages 59–61 of this Form 10-Q.
The Firm expects heightened scrutiny by its regulators of its compliance with new and existing regulations, including those issued under  the Unfair and Deceptive Acts or Practices laws, the Bank Secrecy Act, the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act ("RESPA"), The Truth in Lending Act, and the laws administered by the Office of Foreign Assets Control, among others. The Firm is also under scrutiny by its supervisors with respect to its controls and operational processes, such as those relating to model development, review, governance and approvals.  The Firm expects that it will more frequently be the subject of more formal enforcement actions, rather than informal supervisory actions or criticisms.   While the Firm has made a preliminary assessment of the likely impact of this heightened regulatory scrutiny and anticipated changes in law, given the current status of regulatory and supervisory developments, the Firm cannot quantify the possible effects on its business and operations of all the significant changes that are currently underway.

Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review (“CCAR”) update
In August 2012, the Firm resubmitted its capital plan to the Federal Reserve under the 2012 CCAR process. The resubmitted capital plan related to the repurchase of up to $3.0 billion of common equity in the first quarter of 2013.


10


The Firm's resubmission provided for the continued payment of its current quarterly common stock dividend.  On November 5, 2012, the Federal Reserve informed the Firm that it had completed its review and that it did not object to the Firm's resubmitted capital plan.
The timing and exact amount of common stock and warrant purchases under the repurchase program will be consistent with the Firm's capital plan and will depend on various factors, including market conditions; the Firm's capital position; internal capital generation; the amount of equity issued under the Firm's employee stock-based plans; organic and other investment opportunities; and legal and regulatory considerations affecting the amount and timing of repurchase activity. The repurchase program does not include specific price targets, may be executed through open market purchases or privately negotiated transactions, including utilizing Rule 10b5-1 programs, and may be suspended at any time.
Management expects to submit its capital plan for the last three quarters of 2013 and the first quarter of 2014 to the Federal Reserve under the Federal Reserve's 2013 CCAR process,  pursuant to the Federal Reserve's schedule.  Management expects to receive further details from the Federal Reserve related to the 2013 CCAR process by mid-November 2012.


 
Subsequent events – Hurricane Sandy
On October 29, 2012, the mid-Atlantic and Northeast regions of the U.S. were affected by Hurricane Sandy, which caused major flooding and wind damage and resulted in major disruptions to individuals and businesses and significant damage to homes and communities in the affected regions. Despite the damage and disruption to many of its branches and facilities, the Firm has been assisting its customers, clients and borrowers in the affected areas. The Firm has continued to dispense cash via ATMs and branches, loan money, provide liquidity to customers, and settle trades, and has waived a number of checking account and loan fees, including late payment fees. The potential financial impact from Hurricane Sandy on the Firm will be dependent upon a number of factors, such as the amount of credit extended to affected persons and businesses, the extent of damage, and the borrower's financial condition, including the amount of insurance proceeds and governmental assistance available to them.  The Firm is in the early stages of quantifying the potential impact from Hurricane Sandy on its financial results of operations.  







11


CONSOLIDATED RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following section provides a comparative discussion of JPMorgan Chase’s Consolidated Results of Operations on a reported basis for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011. Factors that relate primarily to a single business segment are discussed in more detail within that business segment. For a discussion of the Critical Accounting Estimates Used by the Firm that affect the Consolidated Results of Operations, see pages 107–109 of this Form 10-Q and pages 168–172 of JPMorgan Chase’s 2011 Annual Report.
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
(in millions)
2012

 
2011

 
Change

 
2012

 
2011

 
Change

Investment banking fees
$
1,443

 
$
1,052

 
37
 %
 
$
4,081

 
$
4,778

 
(15
)%
Principal transactions
2,047

 
1,370

 
49

 
4,342

 
9,255

 
(53
)
Lending- and deposit-related fees
1,562

 
1,643

 
(5
)
 
4,625

 
4,838

 
(4
)
Asset management, administration and commissions
3,336

 
3,448

 
(3
)
 
10,189

 
10,757

 
(5
)
Securities gains
458

 
607

 
(25
)
 
2,008

 
1,546

 
30

Mortgage fees and related income
2,377

 
1,380

 
72

 
6,652

 
1,996

 
233

Credit card income
1,428

 
1,666

 
(14
)
 
4,156

 
4,799

 
(13
)
Other income
1,519

 
780

 
95

 
3,537

 
2,236

 
58

Noninterest revenue
14,170

 
11,946

 
19

 
39,590

 
40,205

 
(2
)
Net interest income
10,976

 
11,817

 
(7
)
 
33,788

 
35,558

 
(5
)
Total net revenue
$
25,146

 
$
23,763

 
6
 %
 
$
73,378

 
$
75,763

 
(3
)%
Total net revenue for the third quarter of 2012 was $25.1 billion, up by $1.4 billion, or 6%, from the third quarter of 2011. The increase in the third quarter of 2012 was due to higher mortgage fees and related income, principal transactions revenue, and other income, partially offset by lower net interest income. For the first nine months of 2012, total net revenue was $73.4 billion, down by $2.4 billion, or 3%, from the first nine months of 2011. The decrease in the first nine months of 2012 was predominantly driven by lower principal transactions revenue and net interest income, partially offset by higher mortgage fees and related income.
Investment banking fees for the third quarter of 2012 increased significantly compared with the prior year, reflecting higher revenue across products, particularly debt underwriting. For the first nine months of 2012, investment banking fees decreased, largely driven by lower revenue across products, primarily due to lower industry-wide volumes. For additional information on investment banking fees, which are primarily recorded in IB, see IB segment results pages 19–23 of this Form 10-Q.
Principal transactions revenue increased in the third quarter of 2012 compared with the prior year. The increase primarily reflected lower net valuation losses on both private and public investments in Corporate/Private Equity. The third quarter of 2012 included a DVA loss on certain structured and derivative liabilities of $211 million, compared with a gain of $1.9 billion in the prior year. Excluding DVA, principal transactions revenue in IB increased significantly, driven by solid client revenue and broad-based strength across the Fixed Income businesses. The third quarter of 2012 also included $449 million of losses recorded in CIO on the index credit derivative positions retained by CIO; the portfolio that was transferred
 
to IB effective on July 2, 2012, experienced a modest loss.
For the first nine months of 2012, principal transactions revenue decreased, reflecting $5.8 billion of losses incurred by CIO for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and $449 million of losses incurred by CIO for the three months ended September 30, 2012, and an additional modest loss incurred by the IB from the synthetic credit portfolio, and to a lesser extent, lower private equity gains in Corporate/Private Equity. The decrease for the nine-month period was partially offset by a $663 million gain recognized in Other Corporate for the expected recovery on a Bear Stearns-related subordinated loan; and higher market-making revenue in IB, driven by solid client revenue (including a DVA loss of $363 million resulting from the tightening of the Firm’s credit spreads, compared with a gain of $2.0 billion in 2011). For additional information on principal transactions revenue, see IB and Corporate/Private Equity segment results on pages 19–23 and 49–51, respectively, and Note 6 on pages 144–145 of this Form 10-Q.
Lending- and deposit-related fees decreased modestly in the third quarter and first nine months of 2012. The decrease was in both lending and deposit fees, and was spread across the wholesale and consumer businesses of the Firm. For additional information on lending- and deposit-related fees, which are mostly recorded in RFS, CB, TSS and IB, see RFS on pages 24–33, CB on pages 38–40, TSS on pages 41–44 and IB segment results on pages 19–23 of this Form 10-Q.
Asset management, administration and commissions revenue decreased in the third quarter and first nine months of 2012. The decrease for both periods was largely driven by lower brokerage commissions in IB. The first nine months of 2012 also reflected lower asset management fees in AM, in particular, performance fees, which were offset by higher investment service fees in RFS, as a result


12


of growth in branch sales of investment products. For additional information on these fees and commissions, see the segment discussions for IB on pages 19–23, RFS on pages 24–33, AM on pages 45–48 and TSS on pages 41–44 of this Form 10-Q.
Securities gains for both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, compared with the prior year periods, reflected the results of repositioning of the CIO AFS portfolio. For additional information on securities gains see the Corporate/Private Equity segment discussion on pages 49–51 of this Form 10-Q.
Mortgage fees and related income increased significantly compared with both the third quarter and first nine months of 2011. The increase resulted from higher production revenue, reflecting wider margins driven by favorable market conditions, and higher volumes due to historically low interest rates and the Home Affordable Refinance Programs (“HARP”), as well as higher net mortgage servicing revenue. The increase in net mortgage servicing revenue for the first nine months of 2012 also included a favorable swing in the mortgage servicing rights (“MSR”) risk management results (reflecting a gain of $577 million in 2012 compared with a loss of $1.2 billion in 2011). For additional information on mortgage fees and related income, which is recorded predominantly in RFS, see RFS’s Mortgage Production and Servicing discussion on pages 28–30, and Note 16 on pages 184–187 of this Form 10-Q. For additional information on repurchase losses, see the Mortgage repurchase liability discussion on pages 55–58 and Note 21 on pages 192–196 of this Form 10-Q.
Credit card income decreased in both the third quarter and first nine months of 2012. The decrease for both periods was driven by lower debit card revenue, reflecting the impact of the Durbin Amendment, and to a lesser extent, higher amortization of direct loan origination costs. The decrease in credit card income was offset partially by
 
higher net interchange income associated with growth in credit card transaction volume, and higher merchant servicing revenue. For additional information on credit card income, see the Card and RFS segment results on pages 34–37, and pages 24–33, respectively, of this Form 10-Q.
Other income increased compared with the third quarter of 2011, driven by an $888 million extinguishment gain in Corporate/Private Equity related to the redemption of trust preferred capital debt securities (“TruPS”). The extinguishment gain was related to adjustments applied to the cost basis of the TruPS during the period they were in a qualified hedge accounting relationship. Other income increased in the first nine months of 2012, predominantly due to a $1.1 billion benefit recognized in the first quarter of 2012 from the Washington Mutual bankruptcy settlement and the aforementioned extinguishment gain; these were offset partially by the absence of a prior-year gain on the sale of an investment in AM.
Net interest income decreased in both the third quarter and first nine months of 2012 compared with the prior year. The declines in both periods reflected the impact of lower average trading asset balances, faster prepayment of mortgage-backed securities, limited reinvestment opportunities, the runoff of higher-yielding loans, and the impact of lower interest rates across the Firm’s interest-earning assets. The decrease in net interest income was offset partially by lower deposit and other borrowing costs. The Firm’s average interest-earning assets were $1.8 trillion for the third quarter of 2012, and the net yield on those assets, on a fully taxable-equivalent (“FTE”) basis, was 2.43%, a decrease of 23 basis points from the third quarter of 2011. For the first nine months of 2012, average interest-earning assets were $1.8 trillion, and the net yield on those assets, on a FTE basis, was 2.51%, a decrease of 24 basis points from the first nine months of 2011.

Provision for credit losses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
(in millions)
2012

 
2011

 
Change

 
2012

 
2011

 
Change

Wholesale
$
(63
)
 
$
127

 
NM%

 
$
69

 
$
(376
)
 
NM%

Consumer, excluding credit card
736

 
1,285

 
(43
)
 
313

 
3,731

 
(92
)
Credit card
1,116

 
999

 
12

 
2,347

 
2,035

 
15

Total consumer
1,852

 
2,284

 
(19
)
 
2,660

 
5,766

 
(54
)
Total provision for credit losses
$
1,789

 
$
2,411

 
(26
)%
 
$
2,729

 
$
5,390

 
(49
)%
The provision for credit losses decreased compared with the third quarter and first nine months of 2011. The decrease for both periods was driven by a lower provision for consumer, excluding credit card loans, which reflected a reduction in the allowance for loan losses, due primarily to lower estimated losses in the non-PCI residential real estate portfolio as delinquency trends improved, partially offset by the impact of incremental charge-offs of Chapter 7 loans, including $825 million of residential real estate loans and $55 million of auto loans. The increase in the provision for
 
credit card loans for both periods was due to a smaller reduction in the allowance for loan losses in 2012 compared with the prior year, partially offset by lower net charge-offs in 2012. The level of the wholesale provision in 2012 reflected stable credit trends. For a more detailed discussion of the loan portfolio and the allowance for credit losses, see the segment discussions for RFS on pages 24–33, Card on pages 34–37, IB on pages 19–23 and CB on pages 38–40, and the Allowance For Credit Losses section on pages 93–95 of this Form 10-Q.


13


Noninterest expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
(in millions)
2012

 
2011

 
Change

 
2012

 
2011

 
Change

Compensation expense
$
7,503

 
$
6,908

 
9
 %
 
$
23,543

 
$
22,740

 
4
 %
Noncompensation expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 
 
Occupancy
973

 
935

 
4

 
3,014

 
2,848

 
6

Technology, communications and equipment
1,312

 
1,248

 
5

 
3,865

 
3,665

 
5

Professional and outside services
1,759

 
1,860

 
(5
)
 
5,411

 
5,461

 
(1
)
Marketing
607

 
926

 
(34
)
 
1,929

 
2,329

 
(17
)
Other(a)
3,035

 
3,445

 
(12
)
 
10,354

 
10,687

 
(3
)
Amortization of intangibles
182

 
212

 
(14
)
 
566

 
641

 
(12
)
Total noncompensation expense
7,868

 
8,626

 
(9
)
 
25,139

 
25,631

 
(2
)
Total noninterest expense
$
15,371

 
$
15,534

 
(1
)%
 
$
48,682

 
$
48,371

 
1
 %
(a)
Included litigation expense of $790 million and $1.3 billion for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and $3.8 billion and $4.3 billion for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
Total noninterest expense for the third quarter of 2012 was $15.4 billion, down by $163 million, or 1%, compared with the third quarter of 2011. The decrease in the third quarter of 2012 was driven by lower noncompensation expense, in particular, litigation and marketing expense, partially offset by higher compensation expense. Total noninterest expense for the first nine months of 2012 was $48.7 billion, up by $311 million, or 1%, compared with the first nine months of 2011. The increase in the first nine months of 2012 was due to higher compensation expense offset partially by lower noncompensation expense.
Compensation expense increased from the third quarter of 2011, predominantly due to investments in the businesses, including the sales force and new branch builds in RFS, and higher compensation expense in IB. The increase for the nine months of 2012 was predominantly due to the aforementioned investments in the businesses, partially offset by lower compensation expense in IB.
 
The decrease in noncompensation expense in the third quarter of 2012 was due to lower litigation expense in Corporate and AM, as well as lower marketing expense in Card. The decrease in noncompensation expense was offset partially by higher foreclosure-related expense in RFS. Noncompensation expense for the first nine months of 2012 decreased due to a net decline in the Firm’s overall litigation expense (although Corporate had a higher level of expense) compared with the prior year; lower foreclosure-related expense in RFS; and lower marketing expense in Card. The decrease in noncompensation expense was offset partially by continued investments in the businesses, expense related to a non-core product that is being exited in Card, higher regulatory deposit insurance assessments, and higher servicing expense in RFS (excluding foreclosure-related matters). For a further discussion of litigation expense, see Note 23 on pages 196–206 of this Form 10-Q. For a discussion of amortization of intangibles, refer to the Balance Sheet Analysis on pages 53–54, and Note 16 on pages 184–187 of this Form 10-Q.

Income tax expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except rate)
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Income before income tax expense
$
7,986

 
$
5,818

 
$
21,967

 
$
22,002

Income tax expense
2,278

 
1,556

 
6,375

 
6,754

Effective tax rate
28.5
%
 
26.7
%
 
29.0
%
 
30.7
%
The increase in the effective tax rate during the third quarter of 2012 was largely the result of higher reported pretax income in combination with changes in the mix of income and expenses subject to U.S. federal and state and local taxes. The third quarter of 2012 included tax benefits associated with the resolution of tax audits; the prior year included tax benefits associated with the disposition of certain investments. The decrease in the effective tax rate during the nine months ended September 30, 2012, was
 
largely the result of the impact of increased tax-exempt income and business tax credits. The current and prior periods include deferred tax benefits associated with state and local income taxes. For additional information on income taxes, see Critical Accounting Estimates Used by the Firm on pages 107–109 of this Form 10-Q.


14


EXPLANATION AND RECONCILIATION OF THE FIRM’S USE OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
The Firm prepares its consolidated financial statements using accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“U.S. GAAP”); these financial statements appear on pages 112116 of this Form 10-Q. That presentation, which is referred to as “reported” basis, provides the reader with an understanding of the Firm’s results that can be tracked consistently from year to year and enables a comparison of the Firm’s performance with other companies’ U.S. GAAP financial statements.
In addition to analyzing the Firm’s results on a reported basis, management reviews the Firm’s results and the results of the lines of business on a “managed” basis, which is a non-GAAP financial measure. The Firm’s definition of managed basis starts with the reported U.S. GAAP results and includes certain reclassifications to present total net revenue for the Firm (and each of the business segments) on a FTE basis. Accordingly, revenue from investments that receive tax credits and tax-exempt securities is presented in the managed results on a basis comparable to taxable
 
investments and securities. This non-GAAP financial measure allows management to assess the comparability of revenue arising from both taxable and tax-exempt sources. The corresponding income tax impact related to tax-exempt items is recorded within income tax expense. These adjustments have no impact on net income as reported by the Firm as a whole or by the lines of business.
Management also uses certain non-GAAP financial measures at the business-segment level, because it believes these other non-GAAP financial measures provide information to investors about the underlying operational performance and trends of the particular business segment and, therefore, facilitate a comparison of the business segment with the performance of its competitors. Non-GAAP financial measures used by the Firm may not be comparable to similarly named non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies.

The following summary table provides a reconciliation from the Firm’s reported U.S. GAAP results to managed basis.
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
2012
 
2011
(in millions, except ratios)
Reported
results
 
Fully taxable-equivalent adjustments(a)
 
Managed
basis
 
Reported
results
 
Fully taxable-equivalent adjustments(a)
 
Managed
basis
Other income
$
1,519

 
$
517

 
$
2,036

 
$
780

 
$
472

 
$
1,252

Total noninterest revenue
14,170

 
517

 
14,687

 
11,946

 
472

 
12,418

Net interest income
10,976

 
200

 
11,176

 
11,817

 
133

 
11,950

Total net revenue
25,146

 
717

 
25,863

 
23,763

 
605

 
24,368

Pre-provision profit
9,775

 
717

 
10,492

 
8,229

 
605

 
8,834

Income before income tax expense
7,986

 
717

 
8,703

 
5,818

 
605

 
6,423

Income tax expense
$
2,278

 
$
717

 
$
2,995

 
$
1,556

 
$
605

 
$
2,161

Overhead ratio
61
%
 
NM

 
59
%
 
65
%
 
NM

 
64
%
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
2012
 
2011
(in millions, except ratios)
Reported
results
 
Fully taxable-equivalent adjustments(a)
 
Managed
basis
 
Reported
results
 
Fully taxable-equivalent adjustments(a)
 
Managed
basis
Other income
$
3,537

 
$
1,568

 
$
5,105

 
$
2,236

 
$
1,433

 
$
3,669

Total noninterest revenue
39,590

 
1,568

 
41,158

 
40,205

 
1,433

 
41,638

Net interest income
33,788

 
566

 
34,354

 
35,558

 
373

 
35,931

Total net revenue
73,378

 
2,134

 
75,512

 
75,763

 
1,806

 
77,569

Pre-provision profit
24,696

 
2,134

 
26,830

 
27,392

 
1,806

 
29,198

Income before income tax expense
21,967

 
2,134

 
24,101

 
22,002

 
1,806

 
23,808

Income tax expense
$
6,375

 
$
2,134

 
$
8,509

 
$
6,754

 
$
1,806

 
$
8,560

Overhead ratio
66
%
 
NM

 
64
%
 
64
%
 
NM

 
62
%
(a)
Predominantly recognized in IB and CB business segments and Corporate/Private Equity.
Tangible common equity (“TCE”), ROTCE, tangible book value per share (“TBVS”), and Tier 1 common under Basel I and III rules are each non-GAAP financial measures. TCE represents the Firm’s common stockholders’ equity (i.e., total stockholders’ equity less preferred stock) less goodwill and identifiable intangible assets (other than MSRs), net of related deferred tax liabilities. ROTCE measures the Firm’s earnings as a percentage of TCE. TBVS represents the Firm’s
 
tangible common equity divided by period-end common shares. Tier 1 common under Basel I and III rules are used by management, along with other capital measures, to assess and monitor the Firm’s capital position. TCE, ROTCE, and TBVS are meaningful to the Firm, as well as analysts and investors, in assessing the Firm’s use of equity. For additional information on Tier 1 common under Basel I and III, see Regulatory capital on pages 59–61 of this Form


15


10-Q. In addition, all of the aforementioned measures are useful to the Firm, as well as analysts and investors, in facilitating comparisons with competitors.

Average tangible common equity
 
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
(in millions)
 
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
Common stockholders’ equity
 
$
186,590

 
$
174,454

 
$
181,791

 
$
172,667

Less: Goodwill
 
48,158

 
48,631

 
48,178

 
48,770

Less: Certain identifiable intangible assets
 
2,729

 
3,545

 
2,928

 
3,736

Add: Deferred tax liabilities(a)
 
2,765

 
2,639

 
2,741

 
2,617

Tangible common equity
 
$
138,468

 
$
124,917

 
$
133,426

 
$
122,778

(a)
Represents deferred tax liabilities related to tax-deductible goodwill and to identifiable intangibles created in nontaxable transactions, which are netted against goodwill and other intangibles when calculating TCE.
Core net interest income
In addition to reviewing JPMorgan Chase’s net interest income on a managed basis, management also reviews core net interest income to assess the performance of its core lending, investing (including asset-liability management) and deposit-raising activities, excluding the impact of IB’s market-based activities. The table below presents an analysis of core net interest income, core average interest-earning assets, and the core net interest yield on core average interest-earning assets, on a managed basis. Each
 
of these amounts is a non-GAAP financial measure due to the exclusion of IB’s market-based net interest income and the related assets. Management believes the exclusion of IB’s market-based activities provides investors and analysts a more meaningful measure to analyze non-market-related business trends of the Firm and can be used as a comparable measure to other financial institutions primarily focused on core lending, investing and deposit-raising activities.

Core net interest income data(a)
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
(in millions, except rates)
2012
2011
 
Change
 
2012
2011
 
Change
Net interest income – managed basis(b)(c)
$
11,176

$
11,950

 
(6
)%
 
$
34,354

$
35,931

 
(4
)%
Impact of market-based net interest income
1,386

1,866

 
(26
)
 
4,300

5,529

 
(22
)
Core net interest income(b)
$
9,790

$
10,084

 
(3
)
 
$
30,054

$
30,402

 
(1
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Average interest-earning assets
$
1,829,780

$
1,784,395

 
3

 
$
1,831,633

$
1,745,661

 
5

Impact of market-based earning assets
497,469

512,215

 
(3
)
 
497,832

525,500

 
(5
)
Core average interest-earning assets
$
1,332,311

$
1,272,180

 
5
 %
 
$
1,333,801

$
1,220,161

 
9
 %
Net interest yield on interest-earning assets – managed basis
2.43
%
2.66
%
 
 
 
2.51
%
2.75
%
 
 
Net interest yield on market-based activity
1.11

1.45

 
 
 
1.15

1.41

 
 
Core net interest yield on core average interest-earning assets
2.92
%
3.14
%
 
 
 
3.01
%
3.33
%
 
 
(a)
Includes core lending, investing and deposit-raising activities on a managed basis, across RFS, Card, CB, TSS, AM and Corporate/Private Equity, as well as IB loans.
(b)
Interest includes the effect of related hedging derivatives. Taxable-equivalent amounts are used where applicable.
(c)
For a reconciliation of net interest income on a reported and managed basis, see reconciliation from the Firm’s reported U.S. GAAP results to managed basis on page 15.
Quarterly and year-to-date results
Core net interest income decreased by $294 million to $9.8 billion and by $348 million to $30.1 billion for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, respectively. Core average interest-earning assets increased by $60.1 billion to $1,332.3 billion and by $113.6 billion to $1,333.8 billion for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, respectively. The decline in net interest income for both periods reflected the impact of faster prepayment of mortgage-backed securities, limited reinvestment opportunities, the runoff of higher-yielding loans, as well as the impact of lower interest rates across the Firm’s interest-earning assets. The decrease in net interest income was offset partially by lower deposit and other borrowing costs. The increase in average interest-
 
earning assets was driven by increased levels of loans, higher deposits with banks and other short-term investments, and an increase in investment securities. The core net interest yield decreased by 22 basis points to 2.92% and by 32 basis points to 3.01% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, respectively. The decrease in yield was primarily driven by higher financing costs associated with mortgage-backed securities, runoff of higher-yielding loans as well as lower customer loan rates, and was slightly offset by lower customer deposit rates.
Other financial measures
The Firm also discloses the allowance for loan losses to total retained loans, excluding residential real estate PCI loans. For a further discussion of this credit metric, see Allowance for Credit Losses on pages 93–95 of this Form 10-Q.


16


BUSINESS SEGMENT RESULTS
The Firm is managed on a line-of-business basis. The business segment financial results presented reflect the current organization of JPMorgan Chase. There are six major reportable business segments: the Investment Bank, Retail Financial Services, Card Services & Auto, Commercial Banking, Treasury & Securities Services and Asset Management. In addition, there is a Corporate/Private Equity segment.
The business segments are determined based on the products and services provided, or the type of customer served, and reflect the manner in which financial information is currently evaluated by management. Results of the lines of business are presented on a managed basis. For a definition of managed basis, see Explanation and Reconciliation of the Firm’s Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures, on pages 15–16 of this Form 10-Q.
The reorganization of the business segments announced on July 27, 2012 is expected to be effective beginning in the fourth quarter of 2012. For further discussion, see Business segment changes on page 5 of this Form 10-Q.
Description of business segment reporting methodology
Results of the business segments are intended to reflect each segment as if it were essentially a stand-alone business. The management reporting process that derives business segment results allocates income and expense using market-based methodologies.
 
For a further discussion of those methodologies, see Business Segment Results – Description of business segment reporting methodology on pages 79–80 of JPMorgan Chase’s 2011 Annual Report. The Firm continues to assess the assumptions, methodologies and reporting classifications used for segment reporting, and further refinements may be implemented in future periods.
Business segment capital allocation changes
Each business segment is allocated capital by taking into consideration stand-alone peer comparisons, regulatory capital requirements (under Basel III) and economic risk measures. The amount of capital assigned to each business is referred to as equity. Effective January 1, 2012, the Firm revised the capital allocated to certain businesses, reflecting additional refinement of each segment’s estimated Basel III Tier 1 common capital requirements and balance sheet trends. For further information about these capital changes, see Line of business equity on page 62 of this Form 10-Q.


17


Segment Results – Managed Basis

The following table summarizes the business segment results for the periods indicated.
Three months ended September 30,
Total net revenue
 
Noninterest expense
 
Pre-provision profit/(loss)
(in millions)
2012

2011

Change

 
2012

2011

Change

 
2012

2011

Change

Investment Bank(a)
$
6,277

$
6,369

(1
)%
 
$
3,907

$
3,799

3
 %
 
$
2,370

$
2,570

(8
)%
Retail Financial Services
8,013

7,535

6

 
5,039

4,565

10

 
2,974

2,970


Card Services & Auto
4,723

4,775

(1
)
 
1,920

2,115

(9
)
 
2,803

2,660

5

Commercial Banking
1,732

1,588

9

 
601

573

5

 
1,131

1,015

11

Treasury & Securities Services
2,029

1,908

6

 
1,443

1,470

(2
)
 
586

438

34

Asset Management
2,459

2,316

6

 
1,731

1,796

(4
)
 
728

520

40

Corporate/Private Equity(a)
630

(123
)
NM

 
730

1,216

(40
)
 
(100
)
(1,339
)
93

Total
$
25,863

$
24,368

6
 %
 
$
15,371

$
15,534

(1
)%
 
$
10,492

$
8,834

19
 %

Three months ended September 30,
Provision for credit losses
 
Net income/(loss)
(in millions)
2012

2011

Change

 
2012

2011

Change

Investment Bank(a)
$
(48
)
$
54

NM%

 
$
1,572

$
1,636

(4
)%
Retail Financial Services
631

1,027

(39
)
 
1,408

1,161

21

Card Services & Auto
1,231

1,264

(3
)
 
954

849

12

Commercial Banking
(16
)
67

                  NM
 
690

571

21

Treasury & Securities Services
(12
)
(20
)
40

 
420

305

38

Asset Management
14

26

(46
)
 
443

385

15

Corporate/Private Equity(a)
(11
)
(7
)
(57
)
 
221

(645
)
                 NM
Total
$
1,789

$
2,411

(26
)%
 
$
5,708

$
4,262

34
 %

Nine months ended September 30,
Total net revenue
 
Noninterest expense
 
Pre-provision profit/(loss)
(in millions)
2012

2011

Change

 
2012

2011

Change

 
2012

2011

Change

Investment Bank(a)
$
20,364

$
21,916

(7
)%
 
$
12,447

$
13,147

(5
)%
 
$
7,917

$
8,769

(10
)%
Retail Financial Services
23,597

20,143

17

 
14,774

14,736


 
8,823

5,407

63

Card Services & Auto
13,962

14,327

(3
)
 
6,045

6,020


 
7,917

8,307

(5
)
Commercial Banking
5,080

4,731

7

 
1,790

1,699

5

 
3,290

3,032

9

Treasury & Securities Services
6,195

5,680

9

 
4,407

4,300

2

 
1,788

1,380

30

Asset Management
7,193

7,259

(1
)
 
5,161

5,250

(2
)
 
2,032

2,009

1

Corporate/Private Equity(a)
(879
)
3,513

        NM
 
4,058

3,219

26

 
(4,937
)
294

        NM
Total
$
75,512

$
77,569

(3
)%
 
$
48,682

$
48,371

1
 %
 
$
26,830

$
29,198

(8
)%
Nine months ended September 30,
Provision for credit losses
 
Net income/(loss)
(in millions)
2012

2011

Change

 
2012

2011

Change

Investment Bank(a)
$
(32
)
$
(558
)
94
 %
 
$
5,167

$
6,063

(15
)%
Retail Financial Services
(20
)
3,220

                 NM
 
5,428

1,145

374

Card Services & Auto
2,703

2,561

6

 
3,167

3,493

(9
)
Commercial Banking
44

168

(74
)
 
1,954

1,724

13

Treasury & Securities Services
(2
)
(18
)
89

 
1,234

954

29

Asset Management
67

43

56

 
1,220

1,290

(5
)
Corporate/Private Equity(a)
(31
)
(26
)
(19
)
 
(2,578
)
579

                   NM
Total
$
2,729

$
5,390

(49
)%
 
$
15,592

$
15,248

2
 %
(a)
Corporate/Private Equity includes an adjustment to offset IB’s inclusion of a credit allocation income/(expense) to TSS in total net revenue; TSS reports the credit allocation as a separate line item on its income statement (not within total net revenue).


18


INVESTMENT BANK
For a discussion of the business profile of IB, see pages 81–84 of JPMorgan Chase’s 2011 Annual Report and the Introduction on page 4 of this Form 10-Q.
IB provides several non-GAAP financial measures which exclude the impact of DVA: net revenue, net income, compensation ratio, and return on common equity. The ratio for the allowance for loan losses to end-of-period loans is calculated excluding the impact of consolidated Firm-administered multi-seller conduits, to provide a more meaningful assessment of IB’s allowance coverage ratio. These measures are used by management to assess the underlying performance of the business and for comparability with peers.
Selected income statement data
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
(in millions, except ratios)
2012
 
2011
 
Change
 
2012
 
2011
 
Change
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment banking fees
$
1,429

 
$
1,039

 
38
 %
 
$
4,049

 
$
4,740

 
(15
)%
Principal transactions(a)
2,260

 
2,253

 

 
8,533

 
7,960

 
7

Asset management, administration and commissions
474

 
563

 
(16
)
 
1,538

 
1,730

 
(11
)
All other income(b)
307

 
438

 
(30
)
 
810

 
1,272

 
(36
)
Noninterest revenue
4,470

 
4,293

 
4

 
14,930

 
15,702

 
(5
)
Net interest income
1,807

 
2,076

 
(13
)
 
5,434

 
6,214

 
(13
)
Total net revenue(c)
6,277

 
6,369

 
(1
)
 
20,364

 
21,916

 
(7
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Provision for credit losses
(48
)
 
54

 
NM

 
(32
)
 
(558
)
 
94

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Noninterest expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Compensation expense
2,069

 
1,850

 
12

 
6,981

 
7,708

 
(9
)
Noncompensation expense
1,838

 
1,949

 
(6
)
 
5,466

 
5,439

 

Total noninterest expense
3,907

 
3,799

 
3

 
12,447

 
13,147

 
(5
)
Income before income tax expense
2,418

 
2,516

 
(4
)
 
7,949

 
9,327

 
(15
)
Income tax expense
846

 
880

 
(4
)
 
2,782

 
3,264

 
(15
)
Net income
$
1,572

 
$
1,636

 
(4
)%
 
$
5,167

 
$
6,063

 
(15
)%
Financial ratios
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Return on common equity(d)
16
%
 
16
%
 
 
 
17
%
 
20
%
 
 
Return on assets
0.80

 
0.81

 
 
 
0.88

 
0.99

 
 
Overhead ratio
62

 
60

 
 
 
61

 
60

 
 
Compensation expense as a percentage of total net revenue(e)
33

 
29

 
 
 
34

 
35

 
 
(a)
Principal transactions included DVA related to derivatives and structured liabilities measured at fair value. DVA gains/(losses) were $(211) million and $1.9 billion for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, and $(363) million and $2.0 billion for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
(b)
All other income included lending- and deposit-related fees. In addition, IB manages traditional credit exposures related to Global Corporate Bank (“GCB”) on behalf of IB and TSS, and IB and TSS share the economics related to the Firm’s GCB clients. IB recognizes this sharing agreement also within all other income.
(c)
Total net revenue included tax-equivalent adjustments, predominantly due to income tax credits related to affordable housing and alternative energy investments as well as tax-exempt income from municipal bond investments of $492 million and $440 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, and $1.5 billion and $1.4 billion for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
(d)
Return on common equity excluding DVA, a non-GAAP financial measure, was 17% and 5% for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, and 18% and 16% for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
(e)
Compensation expense as a percentage of total net revenue excluding DVA, a non-GAAP financial measure, was 32% and 41% for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 respectively, and 34% and 39% for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 respectively.

19


The following table provides IB’s total net revenue by business.
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
(in millions)
2012
 
2011
 
Change
 
2012
 
2011
 
Change
Revenue by business
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment banking fees:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Advisory
$
389

 
$
365

 
7
 %
 
$
1,026

 
$
1,395

 
(26
)%
Equity underwriting
235

 
178

 
32

 
761

 
1,012

 
(25
)
Debt underwriting
805

 
496

 
62

 
2,262

 
2,333

 
(3
)
Total investment banking fees
1,429

 
1,039

 
38

 
4,049

 
4,740

 
(15
)
Fixed income markets(a)
3,685

 
3,328

 
11

 
12,083

 
12,846

 
(6
)
Equity markets(b)
1,073

 
1,424

 
(25
)
 
3,610

 
4,053

 
(11
)
Credit portfolio(c)(d)
90

 
578

 
(84
)
 
622

 
277

 
125

Total net revenue
$
6,277

 
$
6,369

 
(1
)%
 
$
20,364

 
$
21,916

 
(7
)%
(a)
Fixed income markets primarily includes revenue related to market-making across global fixed income markets, including foreign exchange, interest rate, credit and commodities markets. Included DVA gains/(losses) of $(41) million and $529 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, and $(152) million and $688 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
(b)
Equity markets primarily includes revenue related to market-making across global equity products, including cash instruments, derivatives, convertibles and Prime Services. Included DVA gains of $29 million and $377 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, and $99 million and $383 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
(c)
Credit portfolio revenue includes net interest income, fees and loan sale activity, as well as gains or losses on securities received as part of a loan restructuring, for IB’s credit portfolio. Credit portfolio revenue also includes the results of risk management related to the Firm’s lending and derivative activities. Included DVA gains/(losses) of $(199) million and $979 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, and $(310) million and $933 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. See pages 72–81 of the Credit Risk Management section of this Form 10-Q for further discussion.
(d)
IB manages traditional credit exposures related to GCB on behalf of IB and TSS, and IB and TSS share the economics related to the Firm’s GCB clients. IB recognizes this sharing agreement also within Credit Portfolio.
Quarterly results
Net income was $1.6 billion, down 4% from the prior year. These results reflected higher noninterest expense and lower net revenue, largely offset by a benefit from the provision for credit losses compared with a provision for credit losses in the prior year.
Net revenue was $6.3 billion, compared with $6.4 billion in the prior year. Net revenue included a $211 million loss from DVA on certain structured and derivative liabilities resulting from the tightening of the Firm’s credit spreads compared with a gain of $1.9 billion in the prior year. Excluding the impact of DVA, net income was $1.7 billion, up $1.2 billion from the prior year, and net revenue was $6.5 billion, up $2.0 billion from the prior year.
Investment banking fees were $1.4 billion (up 38%), which consisted of debt underwriting fees of $805 million (up 62%), equity underwriting fees of $235 million (up 32%), and advisory fees of $389 million (up 7%). Combined Fixed Income and Equity Markets revenue was $4.8 billion, flat compared with the prior year. The portion of the synthetic credit portfolio transferred from CIO in Corporate to IB on July 2, 2012, experienced a modest loss, which was included in Fixed Income Markets revenue. Credit Portfolio reported net revenue of $90 million.
Excluding the impact of DVA, Fixed Income and Equity Markets combined revenue was $4.8 billion, up 24% from the prior year, driven by solid client revenue and broad-based strength across the Fixed Income businesses. Excluding the impact of DVA, Credit Portfolio net revenue was $289 million, driven by net interest income on retained
 
loans and fees on lending-related commitments.
The provision for credit losses was a benefit of $48 million, compared with a provision for credit losses in the prior year of $54 million. The ratio of the allowance for loan losses to end-of-period loans retained was 2.06%, compared with 2.30% in the prior year. Excluding the impact of the consolidation of Firm-administered multi-seller conduits the ratio of the allowance for loan losses to end-of-period loans retained was 3.29%, compared with 3.60% in the prior year.
Noninterest expense was $3.9 billion, up 3% from the prior year, driven by higher compensation expense, partially offset by lower noncompensation expense. The compensation ratio for the current quarter was 32%, excluding the impact of DVA.
Year-to-date results
Net income was $5.2 billion, down 15% from the prior year, reflecting lower net revenue, predominantly offset by lower noninterest expense, and a lower net benefit for credit losses compared to the prior year.
Net revenue was $20.4 billion, compared with $21.9 billion in the prior year. Investment banking fees were $4.0 billion (down 15%), consisting of debt underwriting fees of $2.3 billion (down 3%), advisory fees of $1.0 billion (down 26%), and equity underwriting fees of $761 million (down 25%) . Combined Fixed Income and Equity Markets revenue was $15.7 billion down 7% from the prior year. Credit Portfolio reported revenue of $622 million. Net revenue included a $363 million loss from DVA on certain structured and derivative liabilities resulting from the tightening of the


20


Firm’s credit spreads; this was composed of a loss of $152 million in Fixed Income Markets, a loss of $310 million in Credit Portfolio, partially offset by a gain of $99 million in Equity Markets. Excluding the impact of DVA, net revenue was $20.7 billion and net income was $5.4 billion.
Excluding the impact of DVA, Fixed Income and Equity Markets combined revenue was $15.7 billion, approximately flat from prior year, reflecting solid client revenue. Excluding the impact of DVA, Credit Portfolio net revenue was $932 million primarily reflecting net interest income on retained loans and fees on lending-related commitments.
 
The provision for credit losses was a benefit of $32 million, compared with a benefit of $558 million in the prior year. Net recoveries were $61 million, compared with net recoveries of $38 million in the prior year.
Noninterest expense was $12.4 billion, down 5% from the prior year, driven primarily by lower compensation expense. The ratio of compensation to net revenue was 34%, excluding DVA. Noncompensation expense remained flat compared to prior year.

Selected metrics
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of or for the three months
ended September 30,
 
As of or for the nine months
ended September 30,
(in millions, except headcount)
2012
 
2011
 
Change
 
2012
 
2011
 
Change
Selected balance sheet data (period-end)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
$
838,753

 
$
824,733

 
2
 %
 
$
838,753

 
$
824,733

 
2
 %
Loans:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loans retained(a)
67,383

 
58,163

 
16

 
67,383

 
58,163

 
16

Loans held-for-sale and loans at fair value
3,803

 
2,311

 
65