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TABLE OF CONTENTS
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Table of Contents

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 7, 2013

Registration No. 333-            

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549



FORM S-1
REGISTRATION STATEMENT
Under
The Securities Act of 1933



PennyMac Financial Services, Inc.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)



Delaware
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
  6162
(Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)
  80-0882793
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)



6101 Condor Drive
Moorpark, CA 93021
Phone: (818) 224-7442

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including
area code, of Registrant's principal executive offices)



Jeffrey P. Grogin
Chief Administrative and Legal Officer and Secretary
Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC
6101 Condor Drive
Moorpark, CA 93021
Phone: (818) 224-7442
(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)



Please send copies of all communications to:

Richard J. Welch
Timothy R. Rupp
Bingham McCutchen LLP
355 South Grand Avenue, Suite 4400
Los Angeles, CA 90071
(213) 680-6400

 

Laura Hodges Taylor
Bradley C. Weber
Goodwin Procter LLP
135 Commonwealth Drive
Menlo Park, CA 94025
(650) 752-3100

Approximate date of commencement of the proposed sale to the public: As soon as practicable after the effective date of this Registration Statement.

          If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act, check the following box. o

          If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. o

          If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. o

          If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. o

          Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer o   Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filer ý
(Do not check if a
smaller reporting company)
  Smaller reporting company o



CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

       
 
Title of Each Class of Securities to be Registered
  Proposed Maximum Aggregate
Offering Price(1)(2)

  Amount of
Registration Fee

 

Class A Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share

  $287,500,000.00   $39,215.00

 

(1)
Includes additional shares of Class A common stock that the underwriters have the option to purchase.

(2)
Estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the registration fee pursuant to Rule 457(o) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

          The Registrant hereby amends this Registration Statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the Registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this Registration Statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or until the Registration Statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

   


Table of Contents

The information in this preliminary prospectus is not complete and may be changed. These securities may not be sold until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This preliminary prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and we are not soliciting offers to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED FEBRUARY 7, 2013

PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS    

LOGO

                   Shares

PennyMac Financial Services, Inc.

Class A Common Stock
$            per share



        This is the initial public offering of our Class A common stock. We are selling                        shares of our Class A common stock. We currently expect the initial public offering price to be between $            and $            per share of Class A common stock.

        We have granted the underwriters an option to purchase up to                        additional shares of Class A common stock.

        We intend to apply to have the Class A common stock listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "            ."

        Immediately following this offering, the holders of our Class A common stock will collectively own 100% of the economic interests in PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. and have        % of the voting power of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc., and indirectly own        % of the economic interests of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, our principal operating subsidiary. The holders of our Class B common stock will have the remaining        % of the voting power of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. and will directly own the remaining        % of the economic interests of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC.

        We are an "emerging growth company" as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, and therefore have elected to comply with certain reduced public company reporting requirements.



        Investing in our common stock involves risks. See "Risk Factors" beginning on page 17.

        Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.



 
  Per Share   Total
Public Offering Price   $             $          
Underwriting Discount   $             $          
Proceeds to PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. (before expenses)   $             $          

        The underwriters expect to deliver the shares to purchasers on or about                                    , 2013 through the book-entry facilities of The Depository Trust Company.



Citigroup   BofA Merrill Lynch   Credit Suisse   Goldman, Sachs & Co.

   

                        , 2013


Table of Contents


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
  Page

Summary

  1

Risk Factors

  17

Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

  48

Market Data

  49

Organizational Structure

  50

Use of Proceeds

  55

Dividend Policy

  56

Capitalization

  57

Dilution

  58

Unaudited Pro Forma Consolidated Financial Information

  60

Selected Historical Consolidated Financial Data

  64

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

  67

Industry

  102

Business

  111

Management

  135

Executive and Director Compensation

  141

Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions

  151

Principal Stockholders

  169

Pricing Sensitivity Analysis

  171

Description of Capital Stock

  173

Material United States Federal Income Tax Consequences to Non-U.S. Holders of our Class A Common Stock

  178

Shares Eligible For Future Sale

  183

Underwriting

  186

Legal Matters

  193

Experts

  193

Where You Can Find More Information

  193

Index to Consolidated Financial Statements

  F-1

        Unless the context requires otherwise, references in this prospectus to "PennyMac," the "Company," "we," "us" and "our" refer (1) prior to the consummation of the Offering Transactions described under "Organizational Structure—Recapitalization," to Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC and its consolidated subsidiaries and (2) after the consummation of the Offering Transactions described under "Organizational Structure—Recapitalization," to PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

        In this prospectus, we refer to our subsidiary PNMAC Capital Management, LLC as "PCM" and our subsidiary PennyMac Loan Services, LLC as "PLS." We refer to BlackRock Mortgage Ventures, LLC, together with its affiliates, as "BlackRock," and HC Partners LLC, formerly known as Highfields Capital Investments LLC, together with its affiliates, as "Highfields." We refer to BlackRock, Highfields and the other owners of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC prior to the Offering Transactions, collectively, as our "existing owners."

        Unless the context requires otherwise, references in this prospectus to "PMT" collectively refer to PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust, a mortgage "real estate investment trust" managed by PCM, and its operating subsidiaries.

        You should rely only on the information contained in this prospectus or contained in any free writing prospectus filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Neither we nor the underwriters have authorized anyone to provide you with additional information or information different from that

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contained in this prospectus or in any free writing prospectus filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. We are offering to sell, and seeking offers to buy, our Class A common stock only in jurisdictions where offers and sales are permitted. The information contained in this prospectus is accurate only as of the date of this prospectus, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus, or of any sale of our Class A common stock.

        Through and including                                    , 2013 (the 25th day after the date of this prospectus), all dealers that effect transactions in these securities, whether or not participating in this offering, may be required to deliver a prospectus. This is in addition to the dealers' obligation to deliver a prospectus when acting as underwriters and with respect to their unsold allotments or subscriptions.

        For investors outside the United States: Neither we nor any of the underwriters have done anything that would permit this offering or possession or distribution of this prospectus in any jurisdiction where action for that purpose is required, other than in the United States. You are required to inform yourselves about and to observe any restrictions relating to this offering and the distribution of this prospectus outside of the United States.

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SUMMARY

        This summary highlights information contained elsewhere in this prospectus and does not contain all of the information that you should consider in making your investment decision. Before investing in our Class A common stock, you should read the entire prospectus carefully, including the sections entitled "Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and our consolidated financial statements and the related notes.


Business Overview

Our Company

        We are a specialty financial services firm with a comprehensive mortgage platform and integrated business focused on the production and servicing of U.S. residential mortgage loans and the management of investments related to the U.S. residential mortgage market. We believe that our operating capabilities, specialized expertise, access to long-term investment capital, and our management's deep experience across all aspects of the mortgage business will allow us to profitably grow these activities and capitalize on other related opportunities as they arise in the future.

        We were founded in 2008 by members of our executive leadership team and two strategic partners, BlackRock and Highfields. Since our founding we have pursued opportunities to acquire and manage residential mortgage loans and established what we believe to be a best-in-class mortgage platform. We have relied on the know-how of our management team and built a de novo operating platform to our specifications using industry-leading technology, processes and procedures to address the stringent requirements of residential mortgage lending and servicing in the post-financial crisis market. We believe that this approach has resulted in a specialized mortgage platform that is "legacy-free" and highly scalable to support the continued growth of our business.

        We conduct our business in two segments: mortgage banking and investment management. Our principal mortgage banking subsidiary, PennyMac Loan Services, LLC, or PLS, is a leading non-bank producer and servicer of mortgage loans in the United States. PLS is a seller/servicer for the Federal National Mortgage Association, or Fannie Mae, and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, or Freddie Mac, each of which is a government-sponsored entity, or GSE. It is also an approved issuer of securities guaranteed by the Government National Mortgage Association, or Ginnie Mae, a lender of the Federal Housing Administration, or FHA, a lender/servicer of the Veterans Administration, or VA, and a servicer for the Home Affordable Modification Program, or HAMP. We refer to each of Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, Ginnie Mae, FHA and VA as an "Agency." PLS is licensed (or exempt or otherwise not required to be licensed) to originate residential mortgage loans in 45 states and the District of Columbia and to service loans in 49 states, the District of Columbia and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

        Our principal investment management subsidiary, PNMAC Capital Management, LLC, or PCM, is an SEC registered investment adviser. It manages PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust, or PMT, a mortgage "real estate investment trust," or REIT, listed on the New York Stock Exchange. PCM also manages PNMAC Mortgage Opportunity Fund, LLC and PNMAC Mortgage Opportunity Fund, LP, both registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, an affiliate of these funds and PNMAC Mortgage Opportunity Fund Investors, LLC. We refer to these funds collectively as our "Investment Funds" and, together with PMT, as our "Advised Entities." Our Advised Entities have been some of the leading non-bank investors in distressed mortgage loans since 2008, investing in loans with over $5.9 billion of unpaid principal balances, or UPB. As of September 30, 2012, our Advised Entities had combined net assets of approximately $1.8 billion.

        We conduct some of our activities for our own account and some for our Advised Entities. We earn significant fee income and carried interest from the activities we conduct for our Advised Entities; such fees include investment management fees, incentive fees, subservicing fees for servicing loan

 

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portfolios and fulfillment fees for mortgage banking services provided to PMT in connection with our correspondent lending program. Our relationships with our Advised Entities also allow us to pursue some market opportunities with reduced capital intensity, with PLS and PCM providing operational expertise and our Advised Entities providing investment capital for mortgage-related assets.

        Our systems and processes have been designed to be highly scalable to accommodate the continued rapid growth of our businesses. To date our growth has been organic, drawing upon experienced personnel known to us in the mortgage industry, which has allowed us to be methodical and consistent in our operations and to establish and maintain a disciplined corporate culture that is focused on excellence.

Our Company Structure

GRAPHIC

Mortgage Banking Segment

        As summarized below, our mortgage banking segment is comprised of three primary businesses: correspondent lending, retail lending, and loan servicing.

    Correspondent Lending

        Our correspondent lending business manages, on behalf of PMT and for our own account, the acquisition of newly originated, prime credit quality, first-lien residential mortgage loans that have been underwritten to investor guidelines. PMT acquires, from approved correspondent sellers, newly originated loans, primarily "conventional" residential mortgage loans guaranteed by the GSEs and "government-insured" residential mortgage loans insured or guaranteed primarily by the FHA or the VA.

        For conventional loans, we perform fulfillment activities for PMT and earn a fee for each loan acquired by PMT. Fulfillment activities include reviews of loan data, documentation and appraisals to assess loan quality and risk, correspondent seller performance and credit monitoring procedures, and the subsequent sale and securitization of loans through secondary mortgage markets on behalf of PMT. PMT earns interest income and gains or losses during the holding period and upon the sale or

 

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securitization of these conventional loans and retains the associated mortgage servicing rights, or MSRs. PLS provides loan subservicing for PMT's retained MSRs and earns a subservicing fee.

        In the case of government-insured loans, we purchase them from PMT at PMT's cost plus a sourcing fee. We fulfill the government loans for our own account. We typically pool the federally insured or guaranteed loans together into a mortgage-backed security, or MBS, which Ginnie Mae guarantees. We earn interest income and gains or losses during the holding period and upon the sale of these securities, and we retain the associated MSRs.

        We have grown our correspondent lending business through purchases from approved mortgage originators that meet specific criteria related to management experience, financial strength, risk management controls and loan quality. Our management team has prior experience with the majority of these mortgage originators. As of December 31, 2012, we had approved 140 sellers on PMT's behalf, primarily independent mortgage originators and small banks located across the United States. PMT purchased approximately $21.5 billion of loans in 2012, including $13.0 billion of conventional loans and $8.4 billion of government-insured loans. In the third quarter of 2012, with $6.3 billion in production, PMT was the fifth largest correspondent lender in the United States as ranked by Inside Mortgage Finance.

    Retail Lending

        Our retail lending business originates new prime credit quality, first-lien residential conventional and government-insured mortgage loans on a national basis to allow customers to purchase or refinance their homes. We conduct this business through a consumer direct model, which relies on the Internet and call center-based staff, rather than a traditional branch network, to acquire and interact with customers across the country. Effective marketing, call center staff, procedures, training and technology are all important to growing our retail lending business. We use sophisticated telephony and lead-management software to improve conversion rates, deliver outstanding customer service, and lower costs. In 2012, we originated $534 million of residential mortgage loans in our retail lending business, a 259% growth rate compared to 2011.

        Our existing servicing portfolio is our main source of leads for new originations. These portfolio-based originations include: refinancing loans to proactively protect our servicing portfolio from run-off, which we refer to as "recapture;" refinancing loans from the restructure of distressed loans acquired by our Advised Entities; and purchasing loans to facilitate the sale of real estate owned, or REO, properties held by our Advised Entities. In addition, we are growing our non-portfolio originations by sourcing prospective customers through consumer marketing and community and professional relationships.

        For loans originated via our retail lending business, we conduct our own fulfillment, earn interest income and gains or losses during the holding period and upon the sale or securitization of these loans, and retain the associated MSRs (subject to sharing 30% of such MSRs with PMT in the case of retail originated loans that refinance a loan for which the related MSR was held by PMT).

    Loan Servicing

        Our loan servicing business performs loan administration, collection, and default activities, including the collection and remittance of loan payments, responding to customer inquiries, accounting for principal and interest, holding custodial (impound) funds for the payment of property taxes and insurance premiums, counseling delinquent mortgagors, modifying loans and supervising foreclosures and our property dispositions.

        We service loans for which we own the MSRs and we service loans on behalf of other MSR or mortgage owners which we refer to as "subservicing." The owner of MSRs acts on behalf of mortgage

 

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loan owners and has the contractual right to receive a stream of cash flows (expressed as a percentage of UPB) in exchange for performing specified mortgage servicing functions and temporarily advancing funds to cover payments on delinquent and defaulted mortgages. As a subservicer, we earn a contractual fee on a per-loan basis and the right to any ancillary fees, and we are reimbursed for any servicing advances we make on delinquent or defaulted mortgages. We presently subservice only for our Advised Entities.

        We characterize our servicing business as either "Prime Servicing" or "Special Servicing."

    Prime Servicing.    Our prime servicing includes servicing or subservicing activities for loans that are prime credit quality and generally exhibit low delinquency and default rates. This portfolio includes conventional and government-insured loans. Prime servicing generally tends to be lower cost and benefits from significant economies of scale. As of December 31, 2012, our prime servicing portfolio comprised over 100,000 loans, most of which are recent originations, with an aggregate UPB of approximately $23.3 billion. We own the MSRs to over 50,000 of these loans (or approximately 45% of our total prime portfolio as measured by UPB), most of which are serviced for Ginnie Mae securitizations and were produced by us through our correspondent and retail lending businesses. In addition, we subservice approximately 50,000 conventional loans (or approximately 55% of our total prime portfolio as measured by UPB), the MSRs to which are owned by PMT.

    Special Servicing.    Our special servicing includes servicing activities for distressed whole loans that have been acquired as investments by our Advised Entities, as well as for loans in "private-label" MBS securities, which are securities that are not guaranteed by or otherwise affiliated with any government agency. Special servicing utilizes a "high-touch" model to establish and maintain borrower contact and facilitate loss mitigation strategies. Our general strategy is to try to keep defaulted borrowers in their homes. Under certain circumstances, we offer loss mitigation options that include loan modification through the use of federally sponsored loan modification programs (such as HAMP) or otherwise to reflect both the borrowers' current financial condition and the value of their homes. When loan modifications and other efforts are unable to cure a default, we seek to avoid foreclosure and timely acquire and/or liquidate the property securing the mortgage loan where possible and pursue alternative property resolutions including "short sales," in which the borrower agrees to sell the property for less than the loan balance and the difference is forgiven, and deeds-in-lieu of foreclosure, in which the borrower agrees to convey the property deed outside of foreclosure proceedings. As of December 31, 2012, we provided special servicing to approximately 16,000 distressed whole loans with an aggregate UPB of approximately $3.6 billion and approximately 7,000 loans in "private-label" securities with an aggregate UPB of approximately $1.3 billion. Our special servicing fees typically include a base servicing fee and activity-based fees for the successful completion of default-related services.

        We have grown our mortgage servicing portfolio primarily through organic mortgage loan production in our correspondent lending and retail lending businesses, supplemented by the opportunistic acquisition by our Advised Entities of distressed pools of residential whole loans which we subservice, and our own MSR acquisitions. As of December 31, 2012, we serviced or subserviced approximately 123,000 loans with an aggregate UPB of approximately $28.2 billion. The majority of these loans are serviced for Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac or Ginnie Mae securitizations.

Investment Management Segment

        We are an investment manager through our wholly-owned subsidiary PCM. PCM currently manages PMT and the Investment Funds, which had combined net assets of approximately $1.8 billion as of September 30, 2012. For these activities, we earn management fees as a percentage of net assets and incentive compensation based on investment performance. The Investment Funds are limited-life

 

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private funds established in August 2008, whose commitment periods ended in 2011. As of September 30, 2012, these funds had aggregate equity value of $576 million and had generated total returns of 39%, net of all fees, expenses and carried interest, since their inception. The term of each of these funds ends in December 2016 with the possibility of three one-year extensions. Subject to contractual restrictions with PMT, we may establish additional private investment vehicles to invest in distressed loans or pursue related mortgage strategies, for which we would provide investment management services as well.

        PMT was formed as a Maryland real estate investment trust in May 2009 and consummated an initial public offering in August 2009. PMT's shareholders' equity has grown through a combination of retained earnings and new equity raised through follow-on public offerings and other sales of its common stock. Since its initial public offering, PMT has raised new equity of approximately $200 million in 2011 and approximately $600 million in 2012. As of September 30, 2012, PMT had shareholders' equity of $1,184 million. For the years ended December 31, 2010 and December 31, 2011, and the nine months ended September 30, 2012, PMT reported returns on average shareholders' equity of 8%, 13% and 16%, respectively. Our relationship with PMT provides a partner with long-term investment capital and enhances our ability to both support our existing business and to pursue potential growth initiatives.


Market Opportunity

        The U.S. residential mortgage industry is one of the largest financial markets in the world, with approximately $10 trillion of outstanding debt and average annual origination volume of $1.7 trillion for the five years ending December 31, 2012. Dislocations from the financial crisis have led many of the largest financial institutions to reduce their participation in the mortgage market through asset sales and by exiting businesses, and the industry remains in a period of significant transformation. In addition, increasing capital requirements for banks have resulted in competitive advantages for non-bank participants relative to the banks that have traditionally held the majority of the market share in mortgage originations and servicing.

        The residential mortgage industry is characterized by high barriers to entry, including: the necessity for approvals required to sell loans to and service loans for the GSEs and Ginnie Mae; state licensing requirements; sophisticated infrastructure, technology, and processes required for successful operations; and financial capital requirements. We believe that we are one of the few new enterprises well positioned to lead in the rapidly evolving mortgage industry.


Our Competitive Strengths

Leading Non-bank Residential Mortgage Specialist with Integrated, Complementary Capabilities

        We are a leading non-bank residential mortgage specialist that has developed highly complementary capabilities in residential mortgage production, servicing and investment management. In 2012, we produced $22.0 billion of mortgage loans, including $6.3 billion acquired by PMT through correspondent lending in the third quarter during which it ranked among the top five correspondent lenders nationwide. In loan servicing, we provide prime and special servicing, with strong expertise in distressed assets that require high levels of borrower contact and specialized operations and technology focused on loss mitigation and default related processes. As of December 31, 2012, we serviced approximately 123,000 loans with an aggregate UPB of approximately $28.2 billion. In addition, our Advised Entities are leading non-bank investors in distressed mortgage loans.

        We believe that we are one of the few non-bank market participants with such a broad range of capabilities. Our leading industry position and synergistic businesses position us favorably in the rapidly evolving mortgage industry. For example, our loan production businesses and investment management activities result in the growth of our servicing business, our special servicing capabilities enhance

 

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investment management performance through execution of loss mitigation programs and our origination platform mitigates run-off of our servicing portfolios through refinance recapture.

Profitable Businesses with Significant Growth Potential

        We have been profitable every year except for our first year of operations and have a track record of generating meaningful returns on equity for our equityholders. Since our inception, we have made substantial investments in infrastructure, technology, and operations that have subsequently facilitated significant growth in our business volumes and profits. For the nine months ended September 30, 2012, our net income grew 427% to $60.5 million as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2011, resulting in a return on average equity of 49.5%, which was largely driven by growth in our correspondent lending production. During 2012, our correspondent lending production totaled $21.5 billion, a 1,587% increase versus 2011, and our servicing portfolio totaled approximately $28.2 billion in UPB as of December 31, 2012, a 264% increase versus a year earlier. We believe that there is significant growth potential yet to be tapped within our existing businesses and also through our expansion into adjacent related businesses as described in "Our Growth Strategies." Our historical profitability has generated internal cash flows that can be used to fund additional growth in our operations.

Legacy-free, Specialized and Scalable Operating Platform

        We believe we have a superior mortgage banking platform. Since our formation in 2008, we have utilized state-of-the-art technology combined with best-in-class processes to address the complexity of conducting mortgage banking activities in the post-crisis environment. Unlike many other competing platforms in the market, our platform is not overburdened by "legacy" portfolios which are either distressed or have potentially significant repurchase obligations to the GSEs or liability to other non-Agency investors in connection with loans originated prior to the recent financial crisis that fail to meet required underwriting standards; nor is it constrained by the inherent limitation of old existing systems and operations that are not able to accommodate large numbers of delinquent loans. Instead, our operating platform is legacy-free, highly scalable and specifically designed to address the needs of our businesses. It provides centralized and streamlined processes and infrastructure across all of the critical areas for mortgage management, including correspondent and retail lending, underwriting, quality control, secondary marketing and capital markets, portfolio strategy, servicing, finance and other supporting functions. Many of these functions are proprietary, including our loan-level analytics platform for distressed loan management, which we call "LENESM" (Loan Enhancement Normalization Engine).

        Our primary operations center is located in southern California, home to thousands of experienced and qualified mortgage professionals. We have been able to grow our platform in part due to our ability to hire many high-quality employees affected by dislocations in the mortgage market. In 2012, we opened new operations centers in Pasadena, California and Tampa, Florida, an area that also has a deep base of experienced mortgage professionals, to support the growth of our retail lending and correspondent lending businesses, respectively. We believe that our platform enables us to scale our business quickly with cost efficiency and systems integrity, adapt to the latest regulatory changes, and maintain a competitive advantage in meeting the needs of the mortgage market.

Seasoned Management with Deep Industry Experience and Aligned Interests

        Our management team has extensive experience managing all aspects of the residential mortgage business through a variety of credit cycles and market conditions. Stanford L. Kurland, our chairman and chief executive officer, is an accomplished financial services executive with more than 36 years of experience in mortgage banking and was a former president and chief operating officer of Countrywide Financial Corporation until September 2006. Our 47 senior-most executives have on average 23 years of

 

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relevant industry experience. Many of them have experience in managing other public companies and have also worked together for over a decade. In addition, our management owns approximately one-third of our equity prior to this offering and will own        % of the new class of units of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, which we refer to as "New Holdings Units," outstanding immediately following this offering, creating a significant alignment of interests between our management and stockholders. Such a deep, extensive and interest-aligned management team has delivered a successful execution of our strategy, demonstrated by our profitable growth in a relatively short period of time. We also believe that our seasoned, experienced management team is a significant competitive advantage for us as the mortgage industry continues its transformation and enters new market cycles.

Long-standing Relationships with Critical Institutional Partners

        The mortgage industry is characterized by high barriers to entry, including extensive institutional relationships needed to conduct and grow business. Our senior management and business development teams have long-standing relationships with our critical institutional partners. These partners include: the GSEs to whom we sell and for whom we service loans; leading banks and broker-dealers who provide us with financing and mortgage-related assets for acquisition by our Advised Entities; and leading independent mortgage originators who sell loans to PMT through our correspondent lending business. We have successfully turned such relationships into our competitive advantage over other new entrants in our businesses.

Synergistic Partnership with PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

        We have established a synergistic partnership with PMT, the public REIT that is externally managed by our investment management subsidiary, PCM, and whose mortgage assets are serviced by our mortgage banking subsidiary, PLS. PMT is intended to be a tax-efficient vehicle for investing in mortgages and mortgage-related assets and has a track record of raising new capital in a cost-effective manner. As we provide mortgage banking related operational, infrastructure and risk management services and investment management expertise to PMT, PMT as a long-term investment vehicle provides us with efficient access to the capital markets and helps reduce balance sheet constraints as we grow our business. For example, in our correspondent lending business for conventional loans, PMT funds the loans until their sale or securitization, for which we perform fulfillment activities before and after the acquisition of the loans, and retains the resulting MSR assets, for which we provide subservicing. This mutually beneficial partnership facilitates our activities across the residential mortgage market, particularly given the capital-intensive nature of mortgage origination, servicing and investment.


Our Growth Strategies

        Since our establishment during the financial crisis, we have demonstrated our ability to apply our residential mortgage expertise and operating capabilities to multiple business opportunities. In the initial years of our operation, for example, we identified distressed investing as an attractive opportunity and we raised and deployed capital through a series of successful transactions. As the mortgage market presented opportunities in new loan production and servicing, we expanded our management and capabilities to profitably capitalize on these businesses as well.

        As a non-bank mortgage company, we believe that we are well positioned to continue to take advantage of future industry changes as the market shifts away from the large banks to specialized firms. For example, we are not subject to stringent regulatory capital constraints on retaining certain mortgage-related assets that could prove beneficial as the residential mortgage market develops following the recent financial crisis. Examples of industry changes that may create future business

 

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opportunities for us include, among others, GSE reform and the re-emergence of a robust jumbo mortgage loan market for loans in amounts above conventional conforming loan limits.

        We expect to drive near-term growth in the following ways:

Grow our Servicing Portfolio Organically and through Opportunistic Acquisitions

        We expect to grow our servicing portfolio primarily on an organic basis, as our correspondent government-insured lending and retail lending production adds new prime servicing for owned MSRs, and correspondent conventional lending adds new subservicing. Our correspondent and retail loan production in the fourth quarter of 2012 was $41.0 billion in UPB on an annualized basis, significantly larger than our outstanding servicing portfolio which totaled $28.2 billion in UPB as of December 31, 2012. We will supplement our organic growth by adding new special servicing through continued distressed loan acquisitions by our Advised Entities. We may also opportunistically pursue the acquisition of third-party residential mortgage servicing portfolios. These acquisitions may be pursued in partnership with PMT, which may co-invest in the MSRs through the purchase of a portion of the servicing fee cash flows.

Grow Correspondent Lending through Expanding Seller Relationships

        We expect to grow our correspondent lending business by selectively increasing the number of sellers from which we purchase loans and cautiously increasing the volume of loans that we purchase from our existing sellers as we continue to increase the breadth of approved loan products that we offer and expand into additional geographic markets in the United States. Over the past few years, a number of large banks have exited or reduced the size of their correspondent lending businesses, creating an opportunity for non-bank entities to gain market share. We believe that we are well positioned to take advantage of this opportunity based on our management expertise in the correspondent lending business, our relationships with correspondent sellers, and our supporting systems and processes.

Grow Retail Lending through Portfolio Refinance and Non-Portfolio Originations

        We expect to grow our retail lending business by leveraging our growing servicing portfolio through refinance activities as well as increasing our non-portfolio originations. As our servicing portfolio grows, we will have a greater number of leads to pursue, which we believe will lead to greater recapture activity. At the same time, we are making significant investments in technology, personnel and marketing to increase our non-portfolio originations. We believe that our national call center model and our technology will enable us to drive origination process efficiencies and best-in-class customer service.


Risks Affecting Us

        Our mortgage banking and investment management businesses are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, including those highlighted in the section titled "Risk Factors" immediately following the prospectus summary. Some of these risks are:

    The continually changing federal, state and local laws and regulations applicable to the highly regulated industry in which we operate;

    Lawsuits or governmental actions if we do not comply with the laws and regulations applicable to our businesses;

    The creation of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, or CFPB, its recently issued and future rules and the enforcement thereof by the CFPB;

 

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    Changes in existing U.S. government-sponsored entities, their current roles or their guarantees or guidelines;

    Changes to government mortgage modification programs;

    The licensing and operational requirements of states and other jurisdictions applicable to our businesses, to which our bank competitors are not subject;

    Foreclosure delays and changes in foreclosure practices;

    Changes in macroeconomic and U.S. residential real estate market conditions;

    Difficulties inherent in growing loan production volume;

    Changes in prevailing interest rates;

    Increases in loan delinquencies and defaults;

    Our reliance on PMT as a significant source of financing for, and revenue related to, our correspondent lending business;

    Any required additional capital and liquidity to support business growth that may not be available on acceptable terms, if at all;

    Our obligation to indemnify third-party purchasers or repurchase loans if loans that we originate, acquire or assist in the fulfillment of, fail to meet certain criteria or characteristics or under other circumstances;

    Our obligation to indemnify PMT and the Investment Funds if our services fail to meet certain criteria or characteristics or under other circumstances;

    Decreases in the historical returns on the assets that we select and manage for our clients, and our resulting management and incentive fees;

    The extensive amount of regulation applicable to our investment management segment;

    Conflicts of interest in allocating our services and investment opportunities among ourselves and our Advised Entities; and

    Our recent rapid growth.


Our Structure

        Following this offering PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will be a holding company and its sole asset will be an equity interest in Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC. PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will operate and control all of the business and affairs and consolidate the financial results of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC and its subsidiaries. Prior to the completion of this offering, the limited liability company agreement of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC will be amended and restated to, among other things, modify its capital structure by converting the different classes of interests currently held by our existing owners into New Holdings Units. We and our existing owners will also enter into an exchange agreement under which (subject to the terms of the exchange agreement) they will have the right to exchange their New Holdings Units for shares of our Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis, subject to customary conversion rate adjustments for stock splits, stock dividends and reclassifications. See "Organizational Structure."

 

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Corporate and Other Information

        Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC was formed in Delaware in January 2008. PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. was formed in Delaware in December 2012. Our principal executive offices are located at 6101 Condor Drive in Moorpark, California and our telephone number is (818) 224-7442. Our website address is www.pennymacfinancial.com. We do not incorporate the information contained on, or accessible through, our corporate website into this prospectus, and you should not consider it part of this prospectus.

        The trademark PennyMac®, and its corresponding logos appearing in this prospectus, are owned by us or one of our subsidiaries. All other trademarks, service marks and trade names appearing in this prospectus are the property of their respective owners.

        We are an "emerging growth company" as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012. We will remain an emerging growth company until the earlier of (1) the last day of the fiscal year (a) following the fifth anniversary of the completion of this offering, (b) in which we have total annual gross revenue of at least $1.0 billion, or (c) in which we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer, which means the market value of our Class A common stock that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the prior June 30th, and (2) the date on which we have issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt securities during the prior three-year period. We refer to the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 in this prospectus as the "JOBS Act," and references in this prospectus to "emerging growth company" shall have the meaning ascribed to it in the JOBS Act.

 

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THE OFFERING

Class A common stock we are offering

                           shares.

Underwriters' option to purchase additional shares

 

                         shares.

Class A common stock outstanding after giving effect to this offering

 

                         shares (or                         shares if all outstanding New Holdings Units held by our existing owners were exchanged for newly-issued shares of Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis).

Class B common stock outstanding after giving effect to this offering

 

                        shares, or one share for each holder of New Holdings Units.

Voting power held by holders of Class A common stock after giving effect to this offering

 

        % (or 100% if all outstanding New Holdings Units held by our existing owners were exchanged for newly-issued shares of Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis).

Voting power held by holders of Class B common stock after giving effect to this offering

 

        % (or 0% if all outstanding New Holdings Units held by our existing owners were exchanged for newly-issued shares of Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis). A holder of Class B common stock will be entitled, without regard to the number of shares of Class B common stock held, to a number of votes on matters presented to the stockholders of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. that is equal to the aggregate number of New Holdings Units of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC held by such holder.

Use of proceeds

 

We estimate that the net proceeds to us from the sale of the shares of our Class A common stock offered by us will be approximately $             million, based on an assumed initial public offering price of $             per share, the midpoint of the price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, and after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions. If the underwriters' option to purchase additional shares in this offering is exercised in full, we estimate that our net proceeds will be approximately $             million, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions.

 

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We intend to use the net proceeds to us from this offering to purchase newly-issued New Holdings Units from Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, as described under "Organizational Structure—Recapitalization." Accordingly, we will not retain any of these proceeds. We intend to cause Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC to use these proceeds primarily to provide capital to grow our mortgage banking business and for general corporate purposes. Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC will also use these proceeds to pay the expenses of this offering, which we estimate will be approximately $             million.

 

Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC will have broad discretion over the uses of such proceeds.

Voting rights

 

Each share of our Class A common stock entitles its holder to one vote on all matters to be voted on by stockholders generally.

 

Following the Offering Transactions described under "Organizational Structure—Recapitalization," each existing owner of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC will hold one share of Class B common stock. The shares of Class B common stock have no economic rights but entitle the holder, without regard to the number of shares of Class B common stock held, to a number of votes on matters presented to stockholders of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. that is equal to the aggregate number of New Holdings Units of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company,  LLC held by such holder. See "Description of Capital Stock—Common Stock—Class B Common Stock."

 

Holders of our Class A common stock and Class B common stock vote together as a single class on all matters presented to our stockholders for their vote or approval, except as otherwise required by applicable law.

Dividend policy

 

Any future determination to pay dividends on our common stock will be at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend upon many factors, including our financial position, results of operations, liquidity and legal requirements. See "Dividend Policy."

 

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Exchange rights of holders of New Holdings Units

 

Prior to this offering we will enter into an exchange agreement with our existing owners so that they may (subject to the terms of the exchange agreement) exchange their New Holdings Units for shares of Class A common stock of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. on a one-for-one basis, subject to customary conversion rate adjustments for stock splits, stock dividends and reclassifications. As our existing owners exchange New Holdings Units for shares of Class A common stock, the voting power afforded to them by their shares of Class B common stock will be automatically and correspondingly reduced.

 

We will also enter into a tax receivable agreement with our existing owners that will provide for the payment by PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. to the existing owners of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC of 85% of the tax benefits, if any, that PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. is deemed to realize under certain circumstances as a result of (i) increases in tax basis resulting from exchanges of New Holdings Units, (ii) certain allocations as a result of the application of the principles of Section 704(c) of the Code to take into account the difference between the fair market value and the adjusted tax basis of certain assets of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC on the date of the offering, and (iii) certain other tax benefits related to our entering into the tax receivable agreement, including tax benefits attributable to payments under the tax receivable agreement.

Risk factors

 

See "Risk Factors" beginning on page 17 and the other information included in this prospectus for a discussion of factors you should carefully consider before deciding to invest in our Class A common stock.

Proposed listing and symbol

 

We intend to apply to list our Class A common stock on the New York Stock Exchange, or NYSE, under the symbol "            ."

        In this prospectus, unless otherwise indicated, the number of shares of Class A common stock outstanding and the other information based thereon does not reflect:

    shares of Class A common stock issuable upon the exercise of the underwriters' option to purchase additional shares of Class A common stock from us;

    shares of Class A common stock that may be granted under the PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. 2013 Equity Incentive Plan, or our "2013 Equity Incentive Plan," which number represents the total number of shares initially issuable under this plan less the number of shares issuable under this plan in exchange for New Holdings Units held by our existing owners immediately following this offering pursuant to the exchange agreement; or

    shares of Class A common stock issuable (under our 2013 Equity Incentive Plan or otherwise) upon the exchange of                        New Holdings Units that will be held by our existing owners immediately following this offering pursuant to the exchange agreement.

 

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SUMMARY HISTORICAL CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL AND OTHER DATA

        The following table sets forth our summary historical consolidated financial and other data as of the dates and for the periods indicated. PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. is a recently-formed holding company which has not engaged in any business or other activities except in connection with its formation and the Offering Transactions described elsewhere in this prospectus. Accordingly, for the purposes of this prospectus, all financial and other information herein relating to periods prior to the completion of the Offering Transactions is that of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC. The summary historical consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2011 and 2010 and the summary historical consolidated statement of operations data for each of the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 have been derived from Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC's audited financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus. The summary historical consolidated balance sheet data as of September 30, 2012 and the summary historical consolidated statement of operations data for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 have been derived from Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC's unaudited financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus.

        The summary historical consolidated financial and other data presented below is not indicative of our results for any future periods. You should read the information in the table below in conjunction with "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," "Unaudited Pro Forma Consolidated Financial Information," our historical audited financial statements and the accompanying notes and our interim financial statements and the accompanying notes included elsewhere in this prospectus.

 

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  Year ended
December 31,
  Pro Forma
Nine months
ended
September 30,
2012
  Nine months
ended
September 30,
 
 
  Pro Forma
Year ended
December 31,
2011(1)
 
 
  2011   2010   2012   2011  
 
  (in thousands, except per unit data)
 

Statement of Operations Data—Consolidated

                                     

Revenue

                                     

Net servicing income:

                                     

Loan servicing fees

                                     

From PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

        $ 13,204   $ 2,989         $ 13,163   $ 9,152  

From Investment Funds

          14,523     9,474           9,130     10,990  

Mortgage servicing rebate (to) from Investment Funds

          (2,772 )   1,162           (407 )   (569 )

From non-affiliates

          11,493     11,431           10,824     8,513  

Ancillary fees

          1,657     1,345           1,613     1,224  
                           

Total

          38,105     26,401           34,323     29,310  

Amortization, impairment and change in estimated fair value of mortgage servicing rights

          (9,438 )   (400 )         (8,977 )   (6,400 )
                           

Net servicing income

          28,667     26,001           25,346     22,910  

Net gain on mortgage loans held for sale at fair value

          13,029     2,008           68,487     3,895  

Management fees:

                                     

From PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

          8,456     5,484           9,847     7,043  

From Investment Funds

          9,943     9,943           7,199     7,457  

Carried Interest from Investment Funds

          12,596     24,654           7,254     10,348  

Fulfillment fees from PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

          1,744               31,097     358  

Other income

          2,224     1,139           8,110     978  
                           

Total revenue

          76,659     69,229           157,340     52,989  
                           

Expenses

                                     

Compensation

          47,479     25,412           77,756     31,316  

Other expenses

          14,481     10,775           19,135     10,193  
                           

Total expenses

          61,960     36,187           96,891     41,509  
                           

Net income

        $ 14,699   $ 33,042         $ 60,449   $ 11,480  

Net income attributable to preferred unit holders

        $ 14,507   $ 29,014         $ 52,482   $ 11,364  

Net income attributable to non-vested common unit awards outstanding

        $ 152   $ 3,837         $ 5,094   $ 84  

Net income attributable to common unit holders

        $ 40   $ 191         $ 2,873   $ 32  

Pro forma information (unaudited):

                                     

Historical net income before taxes

        $ 14,699   $ 33,042         $ 60,449   $ 11,480  

Pro forma adjustment for taxes(2)

                                     

Pro forma net income

                                     

Earnings per unit:

                                     

Preferred units

        $ 237.82   $ 645.30         $ 542.83   $ 221.72  

Common units:

                                     

Basic

        $ 11.63   $ 555.59         $ 466.97   $ 11.05  

Diluted

        $ 3.88   $ 40.72         $ 192.41   $ 3.58  

Weighted average units outstanding:

                                     

Preferred units

          61,003     44,962           96,682     51,256  

Common units:

                                     

Basic

          3,470     345           6,153     2,913  

Diluted

          10,410     4,704           14,933     8,997  

(1)
As described in "Organizational Structure," PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will become the sole managing member of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC. PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will initially own less than 100% of the economic interest in Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC but will have 100% of the voting power and control its management immediately following this offering.

(2)
Following the Recapitalization and the Offering Transactions, PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will be subject to U.S. federal income taxes, in addition to state, local and international taxes, with respect to its allocable share of any net taxable income of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, which will result in higher income taxes. As a result, the pro forma statements of income reflect an adjustment to our provision for corporate income taxes to reflect an effective rate of      %, which includes provision for U.S. federal income taxes and assumes the highest statutory rates apportioned to each state, local and/or foreign jurisdiction.

 

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  December 31,
2011
  December 31,
2010
  September 30,
2012
  September 30,
2012
 
 
  (in thousands)
 
 
   
   
  (unaudited)
 
 
   
   
  (actual)
  (as adjusted)(1)
 

Balance Sheet Data—Consolidated

                         

ASSETS

                         

Cash and short-term investment, at fair value

 
$

32,506
 
$

15,241
 
$

31,150
       

Mortgage loans held for sale at fair value

    89,857     14,720     410,071        

Servicing advances

    63,565     22,811     76,554        

Receivable from Advised Entities

    19,864     13,687     13,917        

Carried interest due from Investment Funds

    37,250     24,654     44,504        

Mortgage servicing rights

    32,124     31,957     74,154        

Other

    14,115     5,332     52,349        
                   

Total assets

  $ 289,281   $ 128,402   $ 702,699        
                   

LIABILITIES

                         

Loans sold under agreements to repurchase

 
$

77,700
 
$

13,289
 
$

361,478
       

Note payable

    18,602     3,499     34,035        

Derivative liability

            3,356        

Payable to PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

    25,595     2,842     35,920        

Payable to Investment Funds

    29,622     13,262     34,443        

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

    13,398     5,352     29,235        

Liability for losses under representations and warranties

    449     189     2,305        
                   

Total liabilities

    165,366     38,433     500,772        

MEMBERS' EQUITY

   
123,915
   
89,969
   
201,927
       
                   

Total liabilities and members' equity

  $ 289,281   $ 128,402   $ 702,699        
                   

(1)
The column gives effect to the transactions described under "Unaudited Pro Forma Consolidated Financial Information," including the application of the proceeds from this offering as described in "Use of Proceeds."

 

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RISK FACTORS

        Investing in our Class A common stock involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks and uncertainties described below, together with all of the other information in this prospectus, including our consolidated financial statements and related notes, before deciding whether to purchase shares of our Class A common stock. If any of the following risks are realized, our business, operating results and prospects could be materially and adversely affected. In that event, the price of our Class A common stock could decline, and you could lose part or all of your investment.

Risks Related to Our Business and Industry

Risks Related to Our Mortgage Banking Segment

    Regulatory Risks

We operate in a highly regulated industry and the continually changing federal, state and local laws and regulation could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        Due to the highly regulated nature of the residential mortgage industry, we are required to comply with a wide array of federal, state and local laws and regulations that regulate, among other things, the manner in which we conduct our loan production and servicing businesses and the fees that we may charge. These regulations directly impact our business and require constant compliance, monitoring and internal and external audits. A material failure to comply with any of these laws or regulations could subject us to lawsuits or governmental actions and damage our reputation, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        Federal, state and local governments have recently proposed or enacted numerous new laws, regulations and rules related to mortgage loans. Laws, regulations, rules and judicial and administrative decisions relating to mortgage loans include those pertaining to real estate settlement procedures, equal credit opportunity, fair lending, fair credit reporting, truth in lending, fair debt collection practices, service members protections, compliance with net worth and financial statement delivery requirements, compliance with federal and state disclosure and licensing requirements, the establishment of maximum interest rates, finance charges and other charges, qualified mortgages, licensing of loan officers, loan officer compensation, secured transactions, payment processing, escrow, loss mitigation, collection, foreclosure, repossession and claims-handling procedures, and other trade practices and privacy regulations providing for the use and safeguarding of non-public personal financial information of borrowers. Service providers we use must also comply with these legal requirements, including outside foreclosure counsel retained to process foreclosures.

        In particular, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, or Dodd-Frank Act, represents a comprehensive overhaul of the financial services industry in the United States and includes, among other things (i) the creation of a Financial Stability Oversight Council to identify emerging systemic risks posed by financial firms, activities and practices, and to improve cooperation among federal agencies, (ii) the creation of the CFPB authorized to promulgate and enforce consumer protection regulations relating to financial products and services, including mortgage lending and servicing, (iii) the establishment of strengthened capital and prudential standards for banks and bank holding companies, (iv) enhanced regulation of financial markets, including the derivatives and securitization markets, and (v) amendments to the Truth in Lending Act, or TILA, aimed at improving consumer protections with respect to mortgage originations, including disclosures, originator compensation, minimum repayment standards, prepayment considerations appraisals and servicing requirements.

        Our failure to comply with these laws, regulations and rules may result in reduced payments by borrowers, modification of the original terms of mortgage loans, permanent forgiveness of debt, delays in the foreclosure process, increased servicing advances, litigation, enforcement actions, and repurchase

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and indemnification obligations. Our failure to adequately supervise service providers, including outside foreclosure counsel, may also have these negative results.

        In addition, although they have not yet been enacted, the Federal Housing Finance Agency, or FHFA, proposed changes to mortgage servicing compensation structures in 2011 for servicing with GSEs, including reducing servicing fees and channeling funds toward reserve accounts for delinquent loans. Also, there continue to be changes in legislation, rulemaking and licensing in an effort to simplify the consumer mortgage experience which requires technology changes and additional implementation costs for loan originators. We expect that legislative and regulatory changes will continue in the foreseeable future, which may increase our operating expenses.

        Any of these, or other, changes in laws or regulations could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The creation of the CFPB and its recently issued rules will likely increase our regulatory compliance burden and associated costs, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        On July 21, 2011, the CFPB obtained rulemaking and enforcement authority pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act and began official operations. We are subject to examination by the CFPB. The CFPB has broad enforcement powers over mortgage participants, including originators and servicers, and can order, among other things, rescission or reformation of contracts, the refund of moneys or the return of real property, restitution, disgorgement or compensation for unjust enrichment, the payment of damages or other monetary relief, public notifications regarding violations, limits on activities or functions, and civil money penalties. The CFPB has been active in investigations and enforcement actions, and issued large civil money penalties in 2012.

        In addition to its regulatory authority, the CFPB has examination authority over all federal and state non-depository lending and servicing institutions, including mortgage brokers, lenders and servicers. Such examinations, as well as regulations that the CFPB might issue in the future, could ultimately increase our administrative burdens and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        In October 2011, January 2012 and October 2012, the CFPB issued guidelines governing, among other things, examination procedures for bank and non-bank mortgage servicers and originators and its procedures for supervising mortgage transactions. In January 2013, the CFPB issued its final rules relating to, among other things, its "Ability to Repay" rule under TILA's implementing Regulation Z, mortgage escrow account requirements and mortgage servicing requirements. For further discussion on the details of the CFPB's final rules, see "Business—Compliance and Regulatory."

        Similar to other mortgage servicers of our size, we received a general request for information from the CFPB on September 24, 2012. We responded in a timely fashion to the CFPB by providing the requested information.

        The CFPB's recently enacted rules will likely increase our administrative and compliance costs. They could also greatly influence the availability and cost of residential mortgage credit, and increase servicing costs and risks. In addition, the effective dates for these new rules are aggressive in some cases and it may be difficult for us to implement the procedures necessary to comply with these new rules by the dates on which they are to become effective. These increased costs of compliance, the effect of these rules on the mortgage industry and mortgage servicing and any failure in our ability to comply with these new rules by their effective dates, could have an adverse effect on our business, financial position and results of operations.

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We are highly dependent on U.S. government-sponsored entities, and any changes in these entities or their current roles could materially and adversely affect our business, liquidity, financial position and results of operations.

        Our ability to generate revenues through mortgage loan sales depends to a significant degree on programs administered by government-sponsored entities, or GSEs, such as Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, government agencies, including Ginnie Mae, and others that facilitate the issuance of mortgage-backed securities, or MBS, in the secondary market. These GSEs and Agencies play a critical role in the residential mortgage industry and we have significant business relationships with many of them. Presently, almost all of the newly originated conforming loans that we originate directly with borrowers or assist PMT in acquiring from mortgage lenders through our correspondent lending program qualify under existing standards for inclusion in mortgage securities backed by the GSEs or Ginnie Mae. We also derive other material financial benefits from these relationships, including the assumption of credit risk by these GSEs on loans included in such mortgage securities in exchange for our payment of guarantee fees and the ability to avoid certain loan inventory finance costs through streamlined loan funding and sale procedures.

        There is significant uncertainty regarding the future of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, including with respect to how long they will continue to be in existence, the extent of their roles in the market and what forms they will have. Although the U.S. Treasury has committed capital to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac since they were placed into conservatorship, there can be no assurance that additional funding will be provided within the required time periods or that the actions of the U.S. Treasury will be adequate for their needs. If such funding is not provided as required, the FHFA would be obligated to place Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac into receivership. Further, Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac could be placed into receivership at the discretion of the FHFA at any time under certain circumstances. If the actions of the U.S. Treasury are inadequate or pending repurchase requests by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to lenders prove unsuccessful, or if Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are adversely affected by events such as ratings downgrades, foreclosure problems and delays and problems with mortgage insurers, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac could continue to suffer losses and could fail to honor their guarantees and other obligations. In addition, the future roles of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac remain uncertain. Their roles could be significantly reduced or eliminated and the nature of the guarantees could be considerably limited relative to historical measurements. Solvency concerns have also recently been raised regarding the FHA, which we rely on for the insurance of a significant portion of the government-insured loans that we produce. The elimination of the traditional roles of Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac or the FHA could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

        Our ability to generate revenues from newly originated loans that we assist PMT in acquiring from mortgage lenders through our correspondent lending program is highly dependent on the fact that the GSEs have not historically acquired such loans directly from mortgage lenders, but have instead relied on banks and non-bank service providers such as us to acquire, aggregate and securitize or otherwise sell such loans to investors in the secondary market. If one or more of the GSEs were to start making these purchases and sales for their own accounts, our business and results of operations could be adversely affected.

        Any discontinuation of, or significant reduction in, the operation of these GSEs or any significant adverse change in the level of activity of these GSEs in the primary or secondary mortgage markets or in the underwriting criteria of these GSEs could materially and adversely affect our business, liquidity, financial position and results of operations.

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Changes in GSE guidelines or guarantees could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        We are required to follow specific guidelines that impact the way that we service and originate GSE loans, including guidelines with respect to:

    credit standards for mortgage loans;

    our staffing levels and other servicing practices;

    the servicing and ancillary fees that we may charge;

    our modification standards and procedures; and

    the amount of non-reimbursable advances.

        In particular, the FHFA has directed the GSEs to align their guidelines for servicing delinquent mortgages that they own or that back securities which they guarantee, which can result in monetary incentives for servicers that perform well and penalties for those that do not. In addition, the FHFA has directed Fannie Mae to assess compensatory penalties against servicers in connection with the failure to meet specified timelines relating to delinquent loans and foreclosure proceedings, and other breaches of servicing obligations.

        We cannot negotiate these terms with the GSEs and they are subject to change at any time. A significant change in these guidelines that has the effect of decreasing the fees we charge or requires us to expend additional resources in providing mortgage services could decrease our revenues or increase our costs, which would adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        In addition, changes in the nature or extent of the guarantees provided by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac or the insurance provided by the FHA could also have broad adverse market implications. The guarantee fees that we are required to pay to the GSEs for these guarantees have increased significantly over time and any future increases in these fees would adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        Fannie Mae has indicated that it may impose annual delivery volume limits on all of its approved seller/servicers. Fannie Mae has not yet determined or announced the criteria for how these potential delivery limits may be calculated, or when they may be imposed. If a delivery limitation is imposed on PMT by Fannie Mae, it could result in a shift of business market share to Freddie Mac, and could adversely impact our gain on sale income to the extent that Freddie Mac price execution may be worse than that of Fannie Mae. Freddie Mac has indicated that it does not have any plans to establish delivery volume limits for its seller/servicers.

Changes to government mortgage modification and refinance programs could adversely affect our future revenues and costs.

        Under HAMP and similar government programs, a participating servicer may be entitled to receive financial incentives in connection with any modification plans that it enters into with eligible borrowers and subsequent success fees to the extent that a borrower remains current in any agreed upon loan modification. While we participate in and dedicate numerous resources to HAMP, changes in legislation or regulation regarding HAMP or any other government mortgage modification program or changes in the requirements necessary to qualify for refinancing mortgage loans may impact the extent to which we participate in and receive financial benefits from such programs, or may increase our operating costs and the expense of our participation in such programs.

        On October 24, 2011, the FHFA announced changes to the existing Home Affordable Refinance Program, or HARP, for certain loans sold to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac prior to May 31, 2009. The changes to HARP are designed to increase the number of mortgage loans eligible for refinancing under

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the program and have meaningfully increased industry-wide loan production volumes. These changes and any additional changes that may be enacted to increase refinancing eligibility under this program will likely increase mortgage loan prepayment speeds, which would have an unfavorable impact on the valuation of our MSRs. See "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk."

        HAMP and HARP are each currently scheduled to expire on December 31, 2013. If HAMP and HARP are not extended, this could decrease our revenues, which would adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        Under the Making Home Affordable plan, or MHA, a participating servicer may receive a financial incentive to modify qualifying loans, in accordance with the plan's guidelines and requirements. HARP also allows us to refinance loans with an LTV of up to 125%. This program, and the FHA's negative equity refinance program, allow us to refinance loans to existing borrowers who have little or negative equity in their homes. The FHA's negative equity refinance program is scheduled to expire on December 31, 2014, and the expiration of that program or changes in legislation or regulations regarding that program or the MHA could reduce our volume of refinancing originations to borrowers with little or negative equity in their homes.

        Changes to HAMP, HARP, the MHA and other similar programs could adversely affect our future revenues and costs.

Unlike competitors that are banks, we are subject to the licensing and operational requirements of states and other jurisdictions that result in substantial compliance costs, and our business would be adversely affected if we lose our licenses.

        Because we are not a depository institution, we do not benefit from exemptions to state mortgage banking, loan servicing or debt collection licensing and regulatory requirements. We must comply with state licensing requirements and varying compliance requirements in all fifty states, the District of Columbia and the Virgin Islands, and we are sensitive to regulatory changes that may increase our costs through stricter licensing laws, disclosure laws or increased fees or that may impose conditions to licensing that we or our personnel are unable to meet. Currently we are able to service loans in 49 states, the District of Columbia and the Virgin Islands and originate loans in 45 states and the District of Columbia, either because we are properly licensed in a particular jurisdiction or we are exempt or otherwise not required to be licensed in that jurisdiction.

        In most states in which we operate, a regulatory agency or agencies regulate and enforce laws relating to mortgage servicers and mortgage originators. These rules and regulations generally provide for licensing as a mortgage servicer, mortgage originator, loan modification processor/underwriter, or third-party debt default specialist (or a combination thereof), requirements as to the form and content of contracts and other documentation, licensing of our employees and independent contractors with whom we contract, and employee hiring background checks. They also set forth restrictions on collection practices and disclosure and record-keeping requirements, and they establish a variety of borrowers' rights. Future state legislation and changes in existing regulation may significantly increase our compliance costs or reduce the amount of ancillary fees, including late fees, that we may charge to borrowers. This could make our business cost-prohibitive in the affected state or states and could materially affect our business.

        In addition, we are subject to periodic examinations by state and other regulators, which can result in increases in our administrative costs and refunds to borrowers of certain fees earned by us, and we may be required to pay substantial penalties imposed by these regulators due to compliance errors, or we may lose our license. Fines and penalties incurred in one jurisdiction may cause investigations or other actions by regulators in other jurisdictions.

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        We may not be able to maintain all currently requisite licenses and permits. In addition, the states that currently do not provide extensive regulation of our business may later choose to do so, and if such states so act, we may not be able to obtain or maintain all requisite licenses and permits. The failure to satisfy those and other regulatory requirements could result in a default under our servicing agreements and credit facilities and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Agency inquiries into foreclosure practices and foreclosure delays in certain states could result in additional compliance costs on our servicing business, and may adversely impact our results of operations, financial condition and business.

        In connection with allegations of irregularities in foreclosure processes, including so-called "robo-signing" by mortgage loan servicers, certain state Attorneys General, court administrators and government agencies, as well as representatives of the federal government, have issued letters of inquiry to mortgage servicers, requesting written responses to questions regarding policies and procedures, especially with respect to notarization and affidavit procedures. If initiated against us, these requests or any subsequent administrative, judicial or legislative actions taken by these regulators, court administrators or other government entities may subject us to fines and other sanctions, including a foreclosure moratorium or suspension. In addition to these inquiries, several state Attorneys General have requested that certain mortgage servicers suspend foreclosure proceedings pending internal review to ensure compliance with applicable law. Such inquiries, if initiated against us, as well as continued court backlog and emerging court processes, may cause an extended delay in the foreclosure process in certain states.

        Also, on February 9, 2012, federal and state agencies announced a $25 billion settlement with the five largest banks that resulted from investigations of foreclosure practices, which is referred to as the "Joint Federal-State Mortgage Servicing Settlement." As part of the settlement, the banks agreed to comply with various servicing standards relating to foreclosure and bankruptcy proceedings, documentation of borrowers' account balances, chain of title, and evaluation of borrowers for loan modifications and short sales as well as servicing fees and the use of force-placed insurance.

        Although we are not a party to the above enforcement consent orders and settlements, we could be required to comply with certain requirements and terms set forth in the consent orders and settlements if (i) we subservice loans in certain circumstances for the mortgage servicers that are parties to the enforcement consent orders and settlements, (ii) the agencies begin to enforce the consent orders and settlements by looking downstream to our arrangement with certain mortgage servicers, (iii) the MSR owners for whom we subservice loans request that we comply with certain aspects of the consent orders and settlements, or (iv) we otherwise find it prudent to comply with certain aspects of the consent orders and settlements. In addition, the practices set forth in such consent orders and settlements may be adopted by the industry as a whole, forcing us to comply with them in order to follow standard industry practices, or may become required by our servicing agreements. While we have made and continue to make changes to our operating policies and procedures in light of the consent orders and settlements, further changes could be required and changes to our servicing practices may increase compliance and operating costs for our servicing business, which could materially and adversely affect our financial condition or results of operations.

We may be subject to liability for potential violations of predatory lending laws, which could adversely impact our results of operations, financial condition and business.

        Various U.S. federal, state and local laws have been enacted that are designed to discourage predatory lending practices. The U.S. federal Home Ownership and Equity Protection Act of 1994, or HOEPA, prohibits inclusion of certain provisions in residential mortgage loans that have mortgage rates or origination costs in excess of prescribed levels and requires that borrowers be given certain

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disclosures prior to origination. Some states have enacted, or may enact, similar laws or regulations, which in some cases impose restrictions and requirements greater than those in HOEPA. In addition, under the anti-predatory lending laws of some states, the origination of certain residential mortgage loans, including loans that are not classified as "high-cost" loans under applicable law, must satisfy a net tangible benefits test with respect to the related borrower. This test may be highly subjective and open to interpretation. As a result, a court may determine that a residential mortgage loan, for example, does not meet the test even if the related originator reasonably believed that the test was satisfied. If any of our production loans are found to have been originated in violation of predatory or abusive lending laws, we could incur losses, which could adversely impact our results of operations, financial condition and business.

    Market Risks

Our mortgage banking revenues are highly dependent on macroeconomic and United States residential real estate market conditions.

        Continuing concerns over factors including inflation, deflation, unemployment, personal and business income taxes, energy costs, geopolitical issues and the availability and cost of credit have contributed to increased volatility and unclear expectations for the economy in general and the residential real estate and mortgage markets in particular going forward. According to the S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price Index, since 2006, United States residential housing values have declined by approximately 30% and the volume of newly originated mortgages has decreased by 50%. While national housing values have increased in the last 12 months, there is no assurance that these conditions have stabilized or that they will not worsen. A destabilization of the residential real estate and mortgage markets or deterioration in these markets may reduce our loan production volume, reduce the profitability of servicing mortgages or adversely affect our ability to sell mortgage loans that we originate or acquire, either at a profit or at all. Any of the foregoing could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We may not be able to continue to grow our loan production volume, which could negatively affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        Our loan production operations consist of our retail originations program, in which we originate mortgage loans directly with borrowers through telephone call centers or the Internet, and our correspondent lending program, in which we facilitate, in exchange for a fulfillment fee, the acquisition by PMT from correspondent sellers of newly originated mortgage loans that have been underwritten to our standards. In certain cases, we subsequently acquire those loans from PMT.

        Our correspondent lending program is relationship driven. We currently work with 140 approved mortgage lenders, but these lenders are not contractually obligated to do business with us or PMT, and our competitors also have relationships with these lenders and actively compete with us in our efforts to expand PMT's network of approved mortgage lenders. In order to increase our loan production volume, we will need to not only maintain PMT's existing relationships, but also develop PMT's relationships with additional mortgage lenders. To date, we have grown our loan production volumes with mortgage lenders by providing customer service and turn-around times in the execution of our fulfillment functions in accordance with the expectations of the mortgage lenders. If we are not able to consistently maintain this level of execution, our reputation and existing relationships with mortgage lenders could be damaged. We also plan to introduce new mortgage loan products such as Freddie Mac's Loan Prospector loans and enhanced jumbo loan products to mortgage lenders. There can be no assurance that we will maintain PMT's existing relationships or develop new relationships with mortgage lenders or that our new mortgage products will gain widespread acceptance.

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        Our current volume of retail originations, which is based in large part on the refinancing of existing mortgage loans that we service, is highly dependent on interest rates and government mortgage modification programs and may decline if interest rates increase or these programs are terminated. Our retail originations platform may not succeed because of the referral-driven nature of our industry. For example, the origination of purchase money mortgage loans is greatly influenced by traditional business clients in the home buying process such as real estate agents and builders. As a result, our ability to secure relationships with such traditional business clients will influence our ability to grow our purchase money mortgage loan volume and, thus, our retail originations business, and there can be no assurance that we will succeed in establishing such relationships. In addition, to grow our retail originations business, we will need to convert leads regarding prospective borrowers into funded loans and that depends on the pricing that we will be able to offer relative to the pricing of our competitors and our operational ability to process, underwrite and close loans. Institutions that compete with us in this regard may have significantly greater access to capital or resources than we do, which may give them the benefit of a lower cost of operations.

Our earnings may decrease because of changes in prevailing interest rates.

        Our profitability is directly affected by changes in prevailing interest rates. The following are the material risks we face related to changes in prevailing interest rates:

    an increase in prevailing interest rates could adversely affect our loan production volume because refinancing an existing loan would be less attractive for homeowners and qualifying for a loan may be more difficult for consumers;

    an increase in prevailing interest rates would increase the cost of servicing our outstanding debt, including debt related to servicing advances and loan production;

    a decrease in prevailing interest rates may cause more borrowers to refinance existing loans that we service or may cause the expected volume of refinancings to increase, which would require us to record a higher level of amortization, impairment or both on our MSRs;

    a decrease in prevailing interest rates could reduce our earnings from our custodial deposit accounts; and

    an increase in prevailing interest rates could increase payments for servicing customers with adjustable rate mortgages and generate an increase in delinquency, default and foreclosure rates, resulting in an increase in our loan servicing expenses.

        Any adverse effect to our business, financial condition or results of operations as a result of changes in prevailing interest rates would be beyond our control.

We may be unable to obtain sufficient capital and liquidity to meet the financing requirements of our business.

        We will require new and continued debt financing to facilitate our anticipated growth. Accordingly, our ability to finance our operations and repay maturing obligations rests in large part on our ability to borrow money. We are generally required to renew our financing arrangements each year, which exposes us to refinancing and interest rate risks. See "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Liquidity and Capital Resources." Our ability to refinance existing debt and borrow additional funds is affected by a variety of factors including:

    limitations imposed on us under our financing agreements that contain restrictive covenants and borrowing conditions, which may limit our ability to raise additional debt;

    any decrease in liquidity in the credit markets;

    prevailing interest rates;

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    the strength of the lenders from which we borrow, and the regulatory environment in which they operate, including proposed capital strengthening requirements;

    limitations on borrowings on credit facilities imposed by the amount of eligible collateral pledged, which may be less than the borrowing capacity of the credit facility; and

    accounting changes that may impact calculations of covenants in our debt agreements.

        If we are unable to obtain sufficient capital to meet the financing requirements of our business, our business, financial condition and results of operations would be materially adversely affected.

We leverage our operations, which may materially and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

        We currently leverage and, to the extent available, we intend to continue to leverage our retail lending operations and our acquisitions of government-insured loans from PMT through borrowings under repurchase agreements. When we enter into repurchase agreements, we sell mortgage loans to lenders, which are the repurchase agreement counterparties, and receive cash from the lenders. The lenders are obligated to resell the same assets back to us at the end of the term of the transaction. The cash that we receive from a lender when we initially sell the assets to that lender is less than the value of those assets (this difference is referred to as the haircut), so if the lender defaults on its obligation to resell the same assets back to us we could incur a loss on the transaction equal to the amount of the haircut (assuming that there was no change in the value of the assets). In addition, repurchase agreements generally allow the counterparties, to varying degrees, to determine a new market value of the collateral to reflect current market conditions. If a counterparty lender determines that the value of the collateral has decreased, it may initiate a margin call and require us to either post additional collateral to cover such decrease or repay a portion of the outstanding borrowing. Should this occur, in order to obtain cash to satisfy a margin call, we may be required to liquidate assets at a disadvantageous time, which could cause us to incur further losses. If we are unable to satisfy a margin call, our counterparty may sell the collateral, which may result in significant losses to us.

        Unlike banks, we are not subject to regulatory restrictions on the amount of our leverage. Our total borrowings are only restricted by covenants in our repurchase agreements and market conditions, and our board of directors may change our target borrowing levels at any time without the approval of our stockholders. Incurring substantial debt subjects us to the risk that our cash flow from operations may be insufficient to repurchase the assets that we have sold to the lenders under our repurchase agreements.

        Our existing repurchase agreements also impose financial and non-financial covenants and restrictions on us that limit the amount of indebtedness that we may incur, impact our liquidity through minimum cash reserve requirements, and impact our flexibility to determine our operating policies and investment strategies. If we default on one of our obligations under a repurchase agreement, the lender may be able to terminate the transaction, accelerate any amounts outstanding and cease entering into any other repurchase transactions with us. Because our repurchase agreements typically contain cross-default provisions, a default that occurs under any one agreement could allow the lenders under our other agreements to also declare a default. Additional repurchase agreements or other bank credit facilities that we may enter into in the future may contain additional covenants and restrictions. If we fail to meet or satisfy any of these covenants, we would be in default under these agreements, and our lenders could elect to declare outstanding amounts due and payable, terminate their commitments, require the posting of additional collateral and enforce their interests against existing collateral. Any losses that we incur on our repurchase agreements could materially adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

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Hedging against interest rate exposure may materially and adversely affect our results of operations and cash flows.

        We pursue hedging strategies to reduce our exposure to adverse changes in interest rates. Our hedging activity will vary in scope based on the risks hedged, the level of interest rates, the type of investments held, and other changing market conditions. Hedging instruments involve risk because they often are not traded on regulated exchanges, guaranteed by an exchange or its clearing house, or regulated by any U.S. or foreign governmental authorities, and our interest rate hedging may fail to protect or could adversely affect us because, among other things:

    interest rate hedging can be expensive, particularly during periods of rising and volatile interest rates;

    available interest rate hedging may not correspond directly with the interest rate risk for which protection is sought;

    the duration of the hedge may not match the duration of the related liability or asset;

    the credit quality of the hedging counterparty owing money on the hedge may be downgraded to such an extent that it impairs our ability to sell or assign our side of the hedging transaction; and

    the hedging counterparty owing the money in the hedging transaction may default on its obligation to pay.

        In addition, we may fail to recalculate, re-adjust and execute hedges in an efficient manner.

        Any hedging activity, which is intended to limit losses, may materially and adversely affect our results of operations and cash flows. Therefore, while we may enter into such transactions seeking to reduce interest rate risk, unanticipated changes in interest rates may result in worse overall investment performance than if we had not engaged in any such hedging transactions. No assurance can be given that a liquid secondary market will exist for a hedging instrument purchased or sold, and we may be required to maintain a position until exercise or expiration, which could result in significant losses. In addition, the degree of correlation between price movements of the instruments used in hedging strategies and price movements in the portfolio positions or liabilities being hedged may vary materially. Moreover, for a variety of reasons, we may not seek to establish a perfect correlation between such hedging instruments and the portfolio positions or liabilities being hedged. Any such imperfect correlation may prevent us from achieving the intended hedge and expose us to risk of loss. Numerous regulations currently apply to hedging and any new regulations or changes in existing regulations may significantly increase our administrative or compliance costs. Our hedging agreements generally provide for the daily mark to market of our hedge exposures. If a hedge counterparty determines that its exposure to us exceeds its exposure threshold, it may initiate a margin call and require us to post collateral. If we are unable to satisfy a margin call, we would be in default of our agreement, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our MSRs are highly volatile assets with continually changing values, and these changes in value, or inaccuracies in our estimates of their value, could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

        The value of our MSRs is based on the cash flows projected to result from the servicing of the related mortgage loans and continually fluctuates due to a number of factors. These factors include changes in interest rates and other market conditions, which affect the number of loans that are refinanced and thus no longer result in cash flows, and the number of loans that become delinquent.

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        We use internal financial models that utilize market participant data to value our MSRs for purposes of financial reporting and for purposes of determining the price that we pay to acquire loans for which we will retain MSRs. These models are complex and use asset-specific collateral data and market inputs for interest and discount rates. In addition, the modeling requirements of MSRs are complex because of the high number of variables that drive cash flows associated with MSRs. Even if the general accuracy of our valuation models is validated, valuations are highly dependent upon the reasonableness of our assumptions and the results of the models.

        If loan delinquencies or prepayment speeds are higher than anticipated or other factors perform worse than modeled, the recorded value of certain of our MSRs may decrease, which would adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

Increases in delinquencies and defaults may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        Falling home prices across the United States have resulted in higher loan-to-value ratios, or LTVs, lower recoveries in foreclosure and an increase in loss severities above those that would have been realized had property values remained the same or continued to increase. Though housing values have stabilized in some markets, many borrowers do not have sufficient equity in their homes to permit them to refinance their existing loans, which may reduce the volume or growth of our loan production business. This may also provide borrowers with an incentive to default on their mortgage loans even if they have the ability to make principal and interest payments. Further, interest rates have remained at historical lows for an extended period of time. Borrowers with adjustable rate mortgage loans must make larger monthly payments when the interest rates on those mortgage loans adjust upward from their initial fixed rates or low introductory rates to the rates computed in accordance with the applicable index and margin. Increases in monthly payments may increase the delinquencies, defaults and foreclosures on a significant number of the loans that we service.

        Increased mortgage delinquencies, defaults and foreclosures may result in lower revenue for loans that we service for the GSEs, such as Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, because we only collect servicing fees from GSEs for performing loans. Additionally, while increased delinquencies generate higher ancillary fees, including late fees, these fees are not likely to be recoverable in the event that the related loan is liquidated. In addition, an increase in delinquencies lowers the interest income that we receive on cash held in collection and other accounts because there is less cash in those accounts. Also, increased mortgage defaults may ultimately reduce the number of mortgages that we service.

        Increased mortgage delinquencies, defaults and foreclosures will also result in a higher cost to service those loans due to the increased time and effort required to collect payments from delinquent borrowers and to liquidate properties or otherwise resolve loan defaults if payment collection is unsuccessful, and only a portion of these increased costs are recoverable under our servicing agreements. Increased mortgage delinquencies, defaults and foreclosures may also result in an increase in our interest expense and affect our liquidity as a result of borrowing under our credit facilities to fund an increase in our advancing obligations.

A disruption in the MBS market could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        During 2012, approximately 60% of the loans that we produced were delivered to Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac to be pooled into Agency MBS securities and 39% of our loans were originated to FHA guidelines and pooled into Ginnie Mae MBS securities. Disruptions in the general MBS market have occurred in the past. Any significant disruption or period of illiquidity in the general MBS market would directly affect our own liquidity and the liquidity of PMT because no existing alternative secondary market would likely be able to accommodate on a timely basis the volume of loans that we

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typically sell in any given period. Accordingly, if the MBS market experiences a period of illiquidity, we might be prevented from selling the loans that we produce into the secondary market in a timely manner or at favorable prices, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The geographic concentration of our servicing portfolio may decrease the value of our MSRs and adversely affect our retail lending business, which would adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

        As of December 31, 2012, approximately 38%, 5% and 5% of the aggregate outstanding loan balance in our servicing portfolio was secured by properties located in California, Florida and Colorado, respectively. These states have experienced severe declines in property values and are experiencing a disproportionately high rate of delinquencies and foreclosures relative to other states. To the extent that these states continue to experience weaker economic conditions or greater rates of decline in real estate values than the United States generally, the concentration of loans that we service in those regions may decrease the value of our MSRs and adversely affect our retail lending business. The impact of property value declines may increase in magnitude and it may continue for a long period of time. Additionally, if states in which we have greater concentrations of business were to change their licensing or other regulatory requirements to make our business cost-prohibitive, we may be required to stop doing business in those states or may be subject to higher cost of doing business in those states, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

    Related Party Risks

We rely on PMT as a significant source of financing for, and revenue related to, our correspondent lending business, and the termination of, or material adverse change in, the terms of this relationship, or a material adverse change to PMT or its operations, would adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        PMT is the counterparty that currently acquires all of the newly originated mortgage loans in connection with our correspondent lending businesses. A significant portion of our income is derived from a fulfillment fee earned in connection with PMT's acquisition of conventional loans. We are able to conduct our correspondent lending business without having to incur the significant additional debt financing that would be required for us to purchase those loans from the originating lender. In the case of government-insured loans, we purchase them from PMT at PMT's cost plus a sourcing fee and fulfill them for our own account, typically by pooling the federally insured or guaranteed loans together into an MBS which Ginnie Mae guarantees. We earn interest income and gains or losses during the holding period and upon the sale of these securities, and we retain the MSRs with respect to the loans. If this relationship with PMT was terminated by PMT or PMT reduced the volume of these loans that it acquires for any reason, we would have to acquire these loans from the correspondent sellers for our own account, something that we may be unable to do, or enter into another similar counterparty arrangement with a third party, which we may not be able to enter into on terms that are as favorable to us, or at all. Also, the management agreement, the mortgage banking and warehouse services agreement and certain of the other agreements that we have entered into with PMT contain cross-termination provisions that allow PMT to terminate all of those agreements in the event that we default on our obligations under one of our agreements with PMT. Accordingly, the termination of this relationship with PMT, or a material change in the terms thereof that is adverse to us, would likely adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        We expect that PMT will continue to qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes. However, it is possible that PMT may not meet the requirements for qualification as a REIT. If PMT were to lose its REIT status, corporate-level income tax, including any applicable alternative minimum tax, would apply to PMT's taxable income at regular corporate rates, thereby potentially impairing

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PMT's financial position and its ability to raise capital. Consequently, PMT's failure to qualify as a REIT could impair PMT's ability to continue to acquire loans from correspondent sellers.

A significant portion of our loan servicing operations are conducted pursuant to subservicing contracts with PMT, and any termination by PMT of these contracts, or a material change in the terms thereof that is adverse to us, would adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        PMT, as the owner of a substantial number of all of the MSRs or whole loans that we subservice, may, under certain circumstances, terminate our subservicing contract with or without cause, in some instances with little notice and little to no compensation. Upon any such termination, it would be difficult to replace such a large volume of subservicing in a short period of time, or perhaps at all. Accordingly, we may not generate as much revenue from subservicing for other third parties. If we were to have our subservicing terminated by PMT, or if there was a change in the terms under which we perform subservicing for PMT that was materially adverse to us, this would adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

PMT has an exclusive right to acquire the loans that are produced through our correspondent lending program, which may limit the revenues that we could otherwise earn in respect of those loans.

        Our mortgage banking and warehouse services agreement with PMT requires PLS to provide fulfillment services for correspondent lending activities exclusively to PMT as long as PMT has the legal and financial capacity to purchase correspondent loans. As a result, unless PMT sells some of these loans back to us, the revenue that we earn with respect to these loans will be limited to the fulfillment fees that we earn in connection with the production of these loans, which may be less than the revenues that we might otherwise be able to realize by acquiring these loans ourselves and selling them in the secondary loan market.

    Other Risks

We may be required to indemnify the purchasers of loans that we originate, acquire or assist in the fulfillment of, or repurchase those loans, if those loans fail to meet certain criteria or characteristics or under other circumstances.

        Our contracts with purchasers of newly originated loans that we fund through our retail lending program or acquire from PMT contain provisions that require us to indemnify the purchaser of the related loans or repurchase those loans under certain circumstances. In addition, our contracts with PMT and the Investment Funds require us to indemnify those entities with respect to loans for which we provide fulfillment services or repurchase those loans in certain instances. While our contracts vary, they generally contain provisions that require us to indemnify these parties, or repurchase these loans, if:

    our representations and warranties concerning loan quality and loan characteristics are inaccurate; or

    the loans fail to comply with underwriting or regulatory requirements in the current dynamic regulatory environment.

        We believe that, as a result of the current market environment, many purchasers of residential mortgage loans are particularly aware of the conditions under which loan originators or sellers must indemnify them against losses related to purchased loans, or repurchase those loans, and would benefit from enforcing any repurchase remedies they may have. Repurchased loans typically can only be financed at a steep discount to their repurchase price, if at all. They are also typically sold at a significant discount to the unpaid principal balance. In certain cases, we would have contractual rights to recover from the mortgage lenders from whom loans were acquired through our correspondent

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lending program some or all of the amount paid by us in connection with this indemnification, or contractual rights to cause these mortgage lenders to repurchase these loans from us, but there can be no assurance that such recovery would actually be obtained. To recognize these potential indemnification and repurchase losses, we have recorded a reserve of $2.3 million as of September 30, 2012. Because of the increase in our loan originations since 2010, we expect that indemnification and repurchase requests are likely to increase. Should home values decrease, our realized loan losses from loan indemnifications and repurchases may increase as well. As such, our indemnification and repurchase costs may increase beyond our current expectations. See "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Gain on Mortgage Loans Held for Sale." If we are required to indemnify PMT, the Investment Funds or other purchasers against loans, or repurchase loans, that result in losses that exceed our reserve, this could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We depend on the accuracy and completeness of information about borrowers and counterparties and any misrepresented information could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        In deciding whether to approve loans or to enter into other transactions with borrowers and counterparties in our retail lending and correspondent lending businesses, we may rely on information furnished to us by or on behalf of borrowers and counterparties, including financial statements and other financial information. We also may rely on representations of borrowers and counterparties as to the accuracy and completeness of that information and, with respect to financial statements, on reports of independent auditors. If any of this information is intentionally or negligently misrepresented and such misrepresentation is not detected prior to loan funding, the value of the loan may be significantly lower than expected. Whether a misrepresentation is made by the loan applicant, another third party or one of our employees, we generally bear the risk of loss associated with the misrepresentation. Our controls and processes may not have detected or may not detect all misrepresented information in our loan originations or from our business clients. Any such misrepresented information could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The industry in which we operate is highly competitive, and is likely to become more competitive, and our inability to compete successfully or decreased margins resulting from increased competition could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        We operate in a highly competitive industry that could become even more competitive as a result of economic, legislative, regulatory and technological changes. With respect to mortgage loan production, we face competition in such areas as mortgage loan offerings, rates, fees and customer service. With respect to servicing, we face competition in areas such as fees, performance in reducing delinquencies and entering into successful modifications.

        Competition in servicing mortgage loans and in originating or acquiring newly originated mortgage loans comes from large commercial banks and savings institutions and other independent mortgage servicers and originators. Many of these institutions generally have significantly greater resources and access to capital than we do, which gives them the benefit of a lower cost of funds. Additionally, our existing and potential competitors may decide to modify their business models to compete more directly with our loan production and servicing models. For example, other non-bank loan servicers may try to leverage their servicing relationships and expertise to develop or expand a loan origination business. Since the withdrawal of a number of large participants from these markets following the financial crisis in 2008, there have been relatively few large non-bank participants. As more non-bank entities enter these markets, our mortgage banking businesses may generate lower margins in order to effectively compete.

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        In addition, technological advances and heightened e-commerce activities have increased consumers' accessibility to products and services. This has intensified competition among banks and non-banks in offering mortgage loans. We may be unable to compete successfully in our industries and this could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We are required to make servicing advances that can be subject to delays in recovery or may not be recoverable in certain circumstances, which could adversely affect our liquidity, business, financial condition and results of operations.

        During any period in which a borrower is not making payments, we are required under most of our servicing agreements in respect of our MSRs to advance our own funds to meet contractual principal and interest remittance requirements for investors, pay property taxes and insurance premiums, legal expenses and other protective advances. We also advance funds under these agreements to maintain, repair and market real estate properties on behalf of investors. As home values change, we may have to reconsider certain of the assumptions underlying our decisions to make advances and, in certain situations, our contractual obligations may require us to make advances for which we may not be reimbursed. In addition, if a mortgage loan serviced by us is in default or becomes delinquent, the repayment to us of the advance may be delayed until the mortgage loan is repaid or refinanced or a liquidation occurs. If we receive requests for advances in excess of amounts that we are able to secure from our advance credit facility or, in the case of loans that we subservice, from the owner of the MSRs and loans, we may not be able to fund these advance requests, which could materially and adversely affect our loan servicing business. A delay in our ability to collect an advance may adversely affect our liquidity, and our inability to be reimbursed for an advance could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our counterparties may terminate our servicing rights, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        The owners of the loans that we service may terminate our MSRs if we fail to comply with applicable servicing guidelines. As is standard in the industry, under the terms of our master servicing agreements with the Agencies in respect of MSRs that we retain in connection with our retail loan originations, the Agencies have the right to terminate us as servicer of the loans we service on their behalf at any time (and, in certain instances, without the payment of any termination fee) and also have the right to cause us to sell the MSRs to a third party. In addition, the failure to comply with servicing standards could result in termination of our agreements with the Agencies with little or no notice and without any compensation. If the servicing rights were terminated on a material portion of our servicing portfolio, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.

Negative public opinion could damage our reputation and adversely affect our earnings.

        Reputation risk, or the risk to our business, earnings and capital from negative public opinion, is inherent in our business. Negative public opinion can result from our actual or alleged conduct in any number of activities, including lending and debt collection practices, corporate governance, and actions taken by government regulators and community organizations in response to those activities. Negative public opinion can also result from media coverage, whether accurate or not. Negative public opinion can adversely affect our ability to attract and retain customers, trading counterparties and employees and can expose us to litigation and regulatory action.

        Certain of our officers, including Stanford L. Kurland, our chairman and chief executive officer, are former employees of Countrywide Financial Corporation, which has been the subject of various investigations and lawsuits and ongoing negative publicity. We cannot assure you that any existing or

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future investigations, litigation or negative publicity involving Countrywide Financial Corporation will not generate negative publicity or media attention for us or adversely impact us.

Challenges to the MERS® System could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

        MERSCORP, Inc. is a privately held company that maintains an electronic registry, referred to as the MERS System that tracks servicing rights and ownership of loans in the United States. Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Inc., or MERS, a wholly-owned subsidiary of MERSCORP, Inc., can serve as a nominee for the owner of a mortgage loan and in that role initiate foreclosures or become the mortgagee of record for the loan in local land records. We may choose to use MERS as a nominee. The MERS System is widely used by participants in the mortgage finance industry.

        Several legal challenges in the courts and by governmental authorities have been made disputing MERS's legal standing to initiate foreclosures or act as nominee for lenders in mortgages and deeds of trust recorded in local land records. These challenges have focused public attention on MERS and on how loans are recorded in local land records. Although most legal decisions have accepted MERS as mortgagee, these challenges could result in delays and additional costs in commencing, prosecuting and completing foreclosure proceedings, conducting foreclosure sales of mortgaged properties, and submitting proofs of claim in borrower bankruptcy cases.

We may not realize all of the anticipated benefits of potential future acquisitions of MSRs, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        Our ability to realize the anticipated benefits of potential future acquisitions of servicing portfolios will depend, in part, on our ability to scale up to appropriately service any such assets. The process of acquiring these assets may disrupt our business and may not result in the full benefits expected. The risks associated with these acquisitions include, among others, unanticipated issues in integrating information regarding the new loans to be serviced into our information technology systems, and the diversion of management's attention from other ongoing business concerns. Moreover, if we inappropriately value the assets that we acquire or the value of the assets that we acquire declines after we acquire them, the resulting charges may negatively affect the carrying value of the assets on our balance sheet and our earnings. See "—Our MSRs are highly volatile assets with continually changing values, and these changes in value, or inaccuracies in our estimates of their value, could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations." If our estimates or assumptions prove to be incorrect, we may be required to record impairment charges, which could adversely affect our earnings. Furthermore, if we incur additional indebtedness to finance an acquisition, the acquired servicing portfolio may not be able to generate sufficient cash flow to service that additional indebtedness. Unsuitable or unsuccessful acquisitions could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

    Risks Related to our Investment Management Segment

Market conditions could reduce the value of the assets that we manage, which would reduce our management and incentive fees.

        Volatile market conditions could adversely affect our investment management segment in many ways, including by reducing the value of our assets under management, which could materially reduce our management fee and incentive fee revenues and adversely affect our financial condition. A significant portion of the fees that we earn under our investment management agreements with clients are based on the value of the assets that we manage. The prices of the securities and other assets held in the portfolios that we manage and, therefore, our assets under management may decline due to any number of factors beyond our control, including, among others, a declining housing, stock or bond market, a general economic downturn, political uncertainty or acts of terrorism. The economic outlook

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remains uncertain and we continue to operate in a challenging business environment. If market conditions cause a decline in the value of the assets that we manage, that decline in value would result in lower management fees and potentially lower incentive fees resulting from reduced performance under our management contracts with our Advised Entities. If our revenues decline without a commensurate reduction in our expenses, our net income will be reduced and our business will be negatively affected.

The historical returns on the assets that we select and manage for our clients, and our resulting management and incentive fees, may not be indicative of future results.

        The historical returns of the assets that we manage should not be considered indicative of the future returns on those assets or future returns on other assets that we may select for investment by our Advised Entities. The investment performance that is achieved for the assets that we manage varies over time and the variance can be wide. Accordingly, the management and incentive fees that we have earned in the past based on those returns should not be considered indicative of the management or incentive fees that we may earn in the future from managing those same assets or from managing other assets for our Advised Entities. A decline in the investment performance of our managed assets will also adversely affect our ability to attract and retain clients.

We currently, and in the future may, manage assets for a small number of clients, the loss of any one of which could significantly reduce our management and incentive fees and have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

        We currently manage the assets of only the Advised Entities, and the majority of our management and incentive fees result from our management of PMT. Although the management contract that we have entered into with PMT cannot be terminated without cause, other than pursuant to cross-termination provisions contained in other agreements that we have entered into with PMT, prior to February 1, 2017 without the payment of a termination fee, the termination of such contract and the loss of PMT as a client would significantly affect our investment management segment and negatively impact our management fees, and could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition. Also, because the management agreements we have entered into with the Investment Funds were negotiated between related parties without the benefit of the type of negotiations normally conducted with unaffiliated third parties, the terms of these agreements, including the fees payable to us, may prove to be more favorable to us than they would be if these agreements had been negotiated with unaffiliated third parties. Accordingly, we may not generate as much revenue from management agreements that we enter into with other third parties. In addition, the Investment Funds are limited-life funds that were established in 2008 with commitment periods that ended in 2011 and terms that end in December 2016 with the possibility of three one-year extensions. Accordingly, fees generated by the Investment Funds will continue to decline as the assets under management run-off.

        In addition, because PCM is registered under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended, which we refer to as the "Advisers Act," the management agreements between us and the Advised Entities would be terminated upon an "assignment" of these agreements without consent, which assignment may be deemed to occur in the event that PCM was to experience a direct or indirect change of control. We cannot be certain that consents required to assignments of our investment management agreements will be obtained if a change of control occurs. "Assignment" of these agreements without consent could cause us to lose the management and incentive fees we earn from such Advised Entities.

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Our failure to comply with the extensive amount of regulation applicable to our investment management segment could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        Our investment management segment is subject to extensive regulation in the United States, primarily at the federal level, including regulation by the SEC under the Advisers Act and regulation of PNMAC Mortgage Opportunity Fund LLC, and PNMAC Mortgage Opportunity Fund, LP under the Investment Company Act of 1940, which we refer to as the "Investment Company Act." The requirements imposed by our regulators are designed primarily to ensure the integrity of the financial markets and to protect investors in our Advised Entities and are not designed to protect our stockholders. Consequently, these regulations often serve to limit our activities.

        These requirements relate to, among other things, fiduciary duties to clients, maintaining an effective compliance program, solicitation agreements, conflicts of interest, recordkeeping and reporting requirements, disclosure requirements, limitations on agency cross and principal transactions between an adviser and advisory clients and general anti-fraud prohibitions. Similar requirements apply to registered investment companies and to PCM's management of those companies under the Investment Company Act which, among other things, regulates the relationship between a registered investment company and its investment adviser and prohibits or severely restricts principal transactions and joint transactions. Registered investment advisers and registered investment companies are also subject to routine periodic examinations by the staff of the SEC.

        We also regularly rely on exemptions from various requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, which we refer to as the "Securities Act," the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which we refer to as the "Exchange Act," the Investment Company Act and ERISA. These exemptions are sometimes highly complex and may in certain circumstances depend on compliance by third parties and service providers whom we do not control. If for any reason these exemptions were to be revoked or challenged or otherwise become unavailable to us, we could be subject to regulatory action or third-party claims, and our business could be materially and adversely affected.

        Our business combines the production and servicing of loans and investment management, which presents particular compliance challenges. For example, regulations applicable to our investment management business that are easily applied to traditional investments, such as stocks and bonds, may be more difficult to apply to a portfolio of loans, and the regulations applicable to our investment management business can require procedures that are uncommon, impractical or difficult in our loan production and servicing business.

        The failure by us to comply with applicable laws or regulations could result in fines, suspensions of individual employees or other sanctions, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. Even if an investigation or proceeding did not result in a fine or sanction or the fine or sanction imposed against us or our employees by a regulator were small in monetary amount, the adverse publicity relating to an investigation, proceeding or imposition of these fines or sanctions could harm our reputation and cause us to lose existing clients.

Changes in regulations applicable to our investment management segment could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        The legislative and regulatory environment in which we operate has undergone significant changes in the recent past. We believe that significant regulatory changes in the investment management industry are likely to continue, which is likely to subject industry participants to additional, more costly and generally more detailed regulation. New laws or regulations, or changes in the enforcement of existing laws or regulations, applicable to us and our clients may adversely affect our business. Our ability to function in this environment will depend on our ability to monitor and promptly react to legislative and regulatory changes.

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        Certain provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act will, and other provisions may, increase regulatory burdens and reporting and related compliance costs on our investment management segment. The scope of many provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act is being determined by implementing regulations, some of which will require lengthy proposal and promulgation periods. Moreover, the Dodd-Frank Act mandates many regulatory studies, some of which pertain directly to the investment management industry, which could lead to additional legislation or regulation. The SEC requires investment advisers such as us that are registered with the SEC and advise one or more private funds to provide certain information on Form PF about their funds and assets under management, including the amount of borrowings, concentration of ownership and other performance information. The Dodd-Frank Act will affect a broad range of market participants with whom we interact or may interact, including banks, non-bank financial institutions, rating agencies, mortgage brokers, credit unions, insurance companies and broker-dealers, and may cause us to become subject to further regulation by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Regulatory changes that will affect other market participants are likely to change the way in which we conduct business with our counterparties. The uncertainty regarding the continued implementation of the Dodd-Frank Act and its impact on the investment management industry and us cannot be predicted at this time but will continue to be a risk for our business.

        In addition, as a result of the recent economic downturn, acts of serious fraud in the investment management industry and perceived lapses in regulatory oversight, U.S. and non-U.S. governmental and regulatory authorities may increase regulatory oversight of our investment management segment. We may be adversely affected as a result of new or revised legislation or regulations imposed by the SEC, other U.S. or non-U.S. governmental regulatory authorities or self-regulatory organizations that supervise the financial markets. We also may be adversely affected by changes in the interpretation or enforcement of existing laws and rules by these governmental authorities and self-regulatory organizations, as well as by U.S. and non-U.S. courts. It is impossible to determine the extent of the impact of any new laws, regulations or initiatives that may be proposed on us or the markets in which we trade, or whether any of the proposals will become law. Compliance with any new laws or regulations could add to our compliance burden and costs and adversely affect the manner in which we conduct business, as well as our financial condition and results of operations.

We may encounter conflicts of interest in trying to appropriately allocate our time and services between our own activities and the accounts that we manage, or in trying to appropriately allocate investment opportunities among ourselves and the accounts that we manage.

        Pursuant to our management agreements with PMT and the Investment Funds, we are obligated to provide PMT and the Investment Funds with the services of our senior management team, and the members of that team are required to devote such time to us as is necessary and appropriate, commensurate with the level of activity of PMT and the Investment Funds. The members of our senior management team may have conflicts in allocating their time and services between our operations and the activities of PMT, the Investment Funds and other entities or accounts managed by us now or in the future.

        Certain of the funds that we currently advise have, and certain of the funds that we may in the future advise may have, overlapping investment objectives, including funds which have different fee structures, and potential conflicts may arise with respect to our decisions regarding how to allocate investment opportunities among those funds. In addition, we and the other entities or accounts that we manage now or in the future may participate in some of PMT's investments, which may not be the result of arm's length negotiations and may involve or later result in potential conflicts between our interests in the investments and those of PMT or such other entities.

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Our failure to deal appropriately with conflicts of interest could damage our reputation and adversely affect our business.

        As we have expanded the scope of our businesses, we increasingly confront potential conflicts of interest relating to the investment activities that we manage for our clients. In addition, investors in our clients may perceive conflicts of interest regarding investment decisions for funds in which our executive officers, who have made and may continue to make personal investments, are personally invested. Similarly, conflicts of interest may exist regarding decisions about the allocation of specific investment opportunities between funds in which we receive an allocation of profits as the general partner and funds in which we do not.

        The SEC and other regulators have increased their scrutiny of potential conflicts of interest, and as we expand the scope of our business and our client base, we must continue to monitor and address any conflicts between our interests and those of our clients. We have implemented procedures and controls to be followed when real or potential conflicts of interest arise, but it is possible that potential or perceived conflicts could give rise to the dissatisfaction of, or litigation by, investors in our client entities or regulatory enforcement actions. Appropriately dealing with conflicts of interest is complex and difficult and our reputation could be damaged if we fail, or appear to fail, to deal appropriately with one or more potential or actual conflicts of interest. Regulatory scrutiny, litigation or reputational risk incurred in connection with conflicts of interest would adversely affect our business in a number of ways, including a reluctance of counterparties to do business with us, and may adversely affect our results of operations.

The investment management industry is intensely competitive.

        The investment management industry is intensely competitive, with competition based on a variety of factors, including investment performance, management fee rates, continuity of the management team and client relationships, reputation and the continuity of buying and selling arrangements with intermediaries. A number of factors, including the following, serve to increase our competitive risks:

    a number of our competitors have greater financial, technical, marketing and other resources, more comprehensive name recognition and more personnel than we do;

    potential competitors have a relatively low cost of entering the investment management industry;

    some investors may prefer to invest with a manager that is not publicly traded based on the perception that a publicly traded investment manager may focus on the manager's own growth to the detriment of asset performance for clients;

    other industry participants, hedge funds and alternative investment managers may seek to recruit our investment professionals; and

    some competitors charge lower fees for their investment services than we do.

If we are unable to compete effectively, our results of operations may be materially adversely affected.

We are subject to third-party litigation risk, which could result in significant liabilities and reputational harm to us.

        In general, we will be exposed to the risk of litigation by investors in our client funds if our management of or advice to any Advised Entity is alleged to constitute gross negligence or willful misconduct. Investors could sue us to recover amounts lost by those entities due to our alleged misconduct, up to the entire amount of loss. Further, we may be subject to litigation arising from investor dissatisfaction with the performance of entities that we manage or from allegations that we improperly exercised control or influence over those entities. In addition, we are exposed to risks of litigation or investigation relating to transactions which presented conflicts of interest that were not

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properly addressed. In such actions we would be obligated to bear legal, settlement and other costs (which may be in excess of available insurance coverage). In addition, although we are generally indemnified by the entities that we manage, our rights to indemnification may be challenged. If we are required to incur all or a portion of the costs arising out of litigation or investigations as a result of inadequate insurance proceeds or failure to obtain indemnification from the entities that we manage, our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity would be materially adversely affected.

    Risks Relating to Our Business in General

We have experienced rapid growth, which may be difficult to sustain and which may place significant demands on our administrative, operational and financial resources.

        Our servicing portfolio, measured in UPB, and monthly loan production have grown from approximately $5.4 billion and $17.8 million, respectively, for the month ended December 31, 2010 to $28.2 billion and $3.4 billion, respectively, for the month ended December 31, 2012. Our rapid growth has caused, and if it continues will continue to cause, significant demands on our legal, accounting and operational infrastructure, and increased expenses. In addition, we are required to continuously develop our systems and infrastructure in response to the increasing sophistication of the investment management and mortgage lending markets and legal, accounting and regulatory developments relating to all of our business activities. Our future growth will depend, among other things, on our ability to maintain an operating platform and management system sufficient to address our growth and will require us to incur significant additional expenses and to commit additional senior management and operational resources. As a result, we face significant challenges in:

    maintaining adequate financial and business controls,

    implementing new or updated information and financial systems and procedures, and

    training, managing and appropriately sizing our work force and other components of our business on a timely and cost-effective basis.

        There can be no assurance that we will be able to manage our expanding operations effectively or that we will be able to continue to grow, and any failure to do so could adversely affect our ability to generate revenue and control our expenses.

Accounting rules for certain of our transactions are highly complex and involve significant judgment and assumptions. Changes in accounting interpretations or assumptions could impact our financial statements.

        Accounting rules for mortgage loan sales and securitizations, valuations of financial instruments and MSRs, investment consolidations and other aspects of our operations are highly complex and involve significant judgment and assumptions. These complexities could lead to a delay in preparation of financial information and the delivery of this information to our stockholders and also increase the risk of errors and restatements, as well as the cost of compliance. Changes in accounting interpretations or assumptions could impact our financial statements and our ability to timely prepare our financial statements. Although we are an emerging growth company, we are electing to comply with new public company accounting standards. Our inability to timely prepare our financial statements in the future would likely adversely affect our share price significantly.

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If we fail to maintain an effective system of internal controls, we may not be able to accurately determine our financial results or prevent fraud. As a result, our stockholders could lose confidence in our financial results, which could harm our business and the market value of our common shares.

        Effective internal controls are necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports and effectively prevent fraud. We may in the future discover areas of our internal controls that need improvement. Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 will require us to continue to evaluate and to report on our internal controls over financial reporting. We cannot be certain that we will be successful in continuing to maintain adequate control over our financial reporting and financial processes. Furthermore, as we rapidly grow our business, our internal controls will become more complex, and we will require significantly more resources to ensure our internal controls remain effective. If we or our independent auditors discover a material weakness, the disclosure of that fact, even if quickly remedied, could reduce the market value of shares of our Class A common stock. Additionally, the existence of any material weakness or significant deficiency would require management to devote significant time and incur significant expense to remediate any such material weaknesses or significant deficiencies and management may not be able to remediate any such material weaknesses or significant deficiencies in a timely manner.

The loss of the services of our senior managers could adversely affect our business.

        The experience of our senior managers is a valuable asset to us. Our management team has significant experience in the residential mortgage loan production and servicing industry and the investment management industry. We do not maintain key life insurance policies relating to our senior managers. The loss of the services of our senior managers for any reason could adversely affect our business.

Our business could suffer if we fail to attract and retain a highly skilled workforce.

        Our future success will depend on our ability to identify, hire, develop, motivate and retain highly qualified personnel for all areas of our organization, in particular skilled managers, loan officers, underwriters, loan servicers and debt default specialists. Trained and experienced personnel are in high demand and may be in short supply in some areas. Many of the companies with which we compete for experienced employees have greater resources than we have and may be able to offer more attractive terms of employment. In addition, we invest significant time and expense in training our employees, which increases their value to competitors who may seek to recruit them. We may not be able to attract, develop and maintain an adequate skilled workforce necessary to operate our businesses and labor expenses may increase as a result of a shortage in the supply of qualified personnel. If we are unable to attract and retain such personnel, we may not be able to take advantage of acquisitions and other growth opportunities that may be presented to us and this could materially affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We may be subject to certain banking regulations that may limit our business activities.

        As of September 30, 2012, The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. ("PNC") owned approximately 21% of the outstanding voting common shares of BlackRock Inc. Based on PNC's interests in and relationships with BlackRock, Inc., BlackRock, Inc. is deemed to be a non-bank subsidiary of PNC. BlackRock, Inc. is an affiliate of BlackRock Mortgage Ventures, LLC, or BlackRock, which is one of our largest equity holders and which owns approximately one-third of our equity interests prior to this offering. Due to these relationships, we are deemed to be a non-bank subsidiary of PNC, which is regulated as a financial holding company under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended. As a non-bank subsidiary of PNC, we may be subject to certain banking regulations, including the supervision and regulation of the Federal Reserve. Such banking regulations could limit the activities and the types of businesses that we may conduct. The Federal Reserve has broad enforcement authority

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over financial holding companies and their subsidiaries. The Federal Reserve could exercise its power to restrict PNC from having a non-bank subsidiary that is engaged in any activity that, in the Federal Reserve's opinion, is unauthorized or constitutes an unsafe or unsound business practice, and could exercise its power to restrict us from engaging in any such activity. The Federal Reserve may also impose substantial fines and other penalties for violations that we may commit. To the extent that we are subject to banking regulation, we could be at a competitive disadvantage because some of our competitors are not subject to these limitations.

The success and growth of our business will depend upon our ability to adapt to and implement technological changes.

        Our mortgage loan production business is currently dependent upon our ability to effectively interface with our borrowers, mortgage lenders and other third parties and to efficiently process loan applications and closings. The retail and correspondent lending processes are becoming more dependent upon technological advancement, such as our continued ability to process applications over the Internet, accept electronic signatures, provide process status updates instantly and other borrower- or counterparty-expected conveniences. Maintaining and improving this new technology and becoming proficient with it may also require significant capital expenditures. As these requirements increase in the future, we will have to fully develop these technological capabilities to remain competitive and any failure to do so could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Technology failures could damage our business operations and increase our costs, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        The financial services industry as a whole is characterized by rapidly changing technologies, and system disruptions and failures caused by fire, power loss, telecommunications failures, unauthorized intrusion, computer viruses and disabling devices, natural disasters and other similar events may interrupt or delay our ability to provide services to our customers. Security breaches, acts of vandalism and developments in computer capabilities could result in a compromise or breach of the technology that we use to protect our customers' personal information and transaction data. Despite our efforts to ensure the integrity of our systems, it is possible that we may not be able to anticipate or implement effective preventive measures against all security breaches, especially because the methods of attack change frequently or are not recognized until launched, and because security attacks can originate from a wide variety of sources, including third parties such as persons involved with organized crime or associated with external service providers. Those parties may also attempt to fraudulently induce employees, customers or other users of our systems to disclose sensitive information in order to gain access to our data or that of our customers or clients. These risks may increase in the future as we continue to increase our reliance on the Internet and use of web-based product offerings.

        A successful penetration or circumvention of the security of our systems or a defect in the integrity of our systems or cyber security could cause serious negative consequences for our business, including significant disruption of our operations, misappropriation of our confidential information or that of our customers, or damage to our computers or operating systems and to those of our customers and counterparties. Any of the foregoing events could result in violations of applicable privacy and other laws, financial loss to us or to our customers, loss of confidence in our security measures, customer dissatisfaction, significant litigation exposure and harm to our reputation, all of which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Terrorist attacks and other acts of violence or war may affect the real estate industry generally and our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 disrupted the U.S. financial markets, including the real estate capital markets, and negatively impacted the U.S. economy in general. Any future terrorist

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attacks, the anticipation of any such attacks, the consequences of any military or other response by the United States and its allies, and other armed conflicts could cause consumer confidence and spending to decrease or result in increased volatility in the United States and worldwide financial markets and economy. The economic impact of these events could also adversely affect the credit quality of some of our loans and investments and the properties underlying our interests.

        We may suffer losses as a result of the adverse impact of any future attacks and these losses may adversely impact our performance and may cause the market value of our common shares to decline or be more volatile. A prolonged economic slowdown, recession or declining real estate values could impair the performance of our investments and harm our financial condition and results of operations, increase our funding costs, limit our access to the capital markets or result in a decision by lenders not to extend credit to us. We cannot predict the severity of the effect that potential future armed conflicts and terrorist attacks would have on us. Losses resulting from these types of events may not be fully insurable.

    Risks Related to Our Organizational Structure

PennyMac Financial Services, Inc.'s only material asset after completion of this offering will be its interest in Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC and its subsidiaries, and it is accordingly dependent upon distributions from Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC and its subsidiaries to pay taxes, make payments under the tax receivable agreement or pay dividends.

        PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will be a holding company and will have no material assets other than its ownership of New Holdings Units. PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. has no independent means of generating revenue. PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will be required to pay tax on its allocable share of the taxable income of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC without regard to whether Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC distributes any cash or other property to PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. intends to cause Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC to make distributions to its unit holders in an amount sufficient to cover all applicable taxes at assumed tax rates, payments under the tax receivable agreement and dividends, if any, declared by it. To the extent that PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. needs funds, and Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC is restricted from making such distributions under applicable law or regulation or under the terms of our financing arrangements, or is otherwise unable to provide such funds, it could materially adversely affect our liquidity and financial condition.

We will be required to pay our existing owners for certain tax benefits that we may claim arising in connection with this offering and related transactions, and the amounts we may pay could be significant.

        As described in "Organizational Structure—Recapitalization," we intend to use all of the proceeds from this offering to purchase New Holdings Units. We will enter into a tax receivable agreement with our existing owners that will provide for the payment by PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. to the existing owners of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC of 85% of the tax benefits, if any, that PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. is deemed to realize under certain circumstances as a result of (i) increases in tax basis resulting from exchanges of New Holdings Units, (ii) certain allocations as a result of the application of the principles of Section 704(c) of the Code to take into account the difference between the fair market value and the adjusted tax basis of certain assets of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC on the date of the offering, and (iii) certain other tax benefits related to our entering into the tax receivable agreement, including tax benefits attributable to payments under the tax receivable agreement. See "Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions—Tax Receivable Agreement."

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        We expect that the payments that we may make under the tax receivable agreement will be substantial. It is possible that future transactions or events could increase or decrease the actual tax benefits realized and the corresponding tax receivable agreement payments. There may be a material negative effect on our liquidity if, as a result of timing discrepancies or otherwise, the payments under the tax receivable agreement exceed the actual benefits we realize in respect of the tax attributes subject to the tax receivable agreement and/or distributions to PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. by Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC are not sufficient to permit PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. to make payments under the tax receivable agreement after it has paid taxes. The payments under the tax receivable agreement are not conditioned upon our existing owners' continued ownership of us.

In certain cases, payments under the tax receivable agreement to our existing owners may be accelerated and/or significantly exceed the actual benefits we realize in respect of the tax attributes subject to the tax receivable agreement.

        The tax receivable agreement provides that upon certain mergers, asset sales, other forms of business combinations or other changes of control, or if, at any time, we elect an early termination of the tax receivable agreement, the corporate taxpayer's (or its successor's) obligations with respect to exchanged or acquired New Holdings Units (whether exchanged or acquired before or after such transaction) would be based on certain assumptions, including that the corporate taxpayer would have sufficient taxable income to fully utilize the deductions arising from the increased tax deductions and tax basis and other benefits related to entering into the tax receivable agreement. As a result, (i) we could be required to make payments under the tax receivable agreement that are greater than or less than the percentage specified in the tax receivable agreement of the actual benefits that we realize in respect of the tax attributes that are subject to the tax receivable agreement and (ii) if we elect to terminate the tax receivable agreement early, we would be required to make an immediate payment equal to the present value of the anticipated future tax benefits, which upfront payment may be made years in advance of the actual realization of such future benefits (if any). In these situations, our obligations under the tax receivable agreement could have a substantial negative impact on our liquidity. There can be no assurance that we will be able to finance our obligations under the tax receivable agreement.

        Payments under the tax receivable agreement will be based on the tax reporting positions that we determine. Although we are not aware of any issue that would cause the Internal Revenue Service, or IRS, to challenge a tax basis increase, PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will not be reimbursed for any payments previously made under the tax receivable agreement. As a result, in certain circumstances, payments could be made under the tax receivable agreement in excess of the benefits that the corporate taxpayer actually realizes in respect of (i) increases in tax basis resulting from exchanges of New Holdings Units, (ii) certain allocations as a result of the application of the principles of Section 704(c) of the Code to take into account the difference between the fair market value and the adjusted tax basis of certain assets of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC on the date of the offering, and (iii) certain other tax benefits related to our entering into the tax receivable agreement, including tax benefits attributable to payments under the tax receivable agreement.

Our existing owners will initially be able to significantly influence the outcome of votes of the outstanding shares of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc., and their interests may differ from those of our public stockholders.

        Pursuant to separate stockholder agreements with BlackRock and Highfields, each of BlackRock and Highfields will have the right to nominate one or two individuals for election to our board of directors, depending on the percentage of the voting power of our outstanding shares of stock that it holds, and we are obligated to use our best efforts to cause the election of those nominees. As a result,

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each of BlackRock and Highfields may be able to significantly influence our management and affairs. In addition, as a result of the size of their individual equity holding they will initially be able to significantly influence the outcome of all matters requiring stockholder approval, including mergers and other material transactions, and may be able to cause or prevent a change in the composition of our board of directors or a change in control of our company that could deprive our stockholders of an opportunity to receive a premium for their Class A common stock as part of a sale of our company and might ultimately affect the market price of our Class A common stock.

        In addition, because they hold their ownership interest in our business through Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, rather than through the public company, these existing owners may have conflicting interests with holders of shares of our Class A common stock. For example, our existing owners may have different tax positions from us which could influence their decisions regarding whether and when to dispose of assets, whether and when to incur new or refinance existing indebtedness, especially in light of the existence of the tax receivable agreement that we will enter in connection with this offering, and whether and when PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. should terminate the tax receivable agreement and accelerate its obligations thereunder. In addition, the structuring of future transactions may take into consideration these existing owners' tax or other considerations even where no similar benefit would accrue to us. See "Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions—Tax Receivable Agreement."

We may not pay dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future.

        PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will receive a pro rata portion of the tax distributions made by Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC following this offering. The cash received from such distributions will first be used to satisfy any tax liability of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. and then to make any payments under the tax receivable agreement with our existing owners. The declaration, amount and payment of any dividends on shares of Class A common stock with respect to any remaining excess cash will be at the sole discretion of our board of directors. Our board of directors may take into account general and economic conditions, our financial condition and operating results, our available cash and current and anticipated cash needs, capital requirements, contractual, legal, tax and regulatory restrictions and implications on the payment of dividends by us to our stockholders or by our subsidiaries to us, and such other factors as our board of directors may deem relevant. We may also enter into credit agreements or other borrowing arrangements in the future that restrict or limit our ability to pay cash dividends on our common stock. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that we will pay any dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. See "Dividend Policy."

Our certificate of incorporation contains provisions renouncing our interest and expectancy in certain corporate opportunities identified by or presented to BlackRock and Highfields.

        BlackRock, Highfields and their respective affiliates are in the business of providing capital to growing companies, and may acquire interests in businesses that directly or indirectly compete with certain portions of our business. Our certificate of incorporation, in the amended and restated form that will be in effect upon the completion of the offering, provides that neither BlackRock nor Highfields nor their respective affiliates has any duty to refrain from (i) engaging, directly or indirectly, in a corporate opportunity in the same or similar lines of business in which we now engage or propose to engage, or (ii) doing business with any of our clients, customers or vendors. In the event that either of BlackRock or Highfields acquires knowledge of a potential transaction or other business opportunity which may be a corporate opportunity for itself or its affiliates and for us or our affiliates, then neither BlackRock nor Highfields has any duty to communicate or offer such transaction or business opportunity to us and may take any such opportunity for themselves or offer it to another person or entity. Neither BlackRock nor Highfields nor any officer, director or employee thereof, shall be liable

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to us or to any of our stockholders (or any affiliates thereof) for breach of any fiduciary or other duty by engaging in any such activity and we waive and renounce any claim based on such activity. This provision applies even if the business opportunity is one that we might reasonably be deemed to have pursued or had the ability or desire to pursue if granted the opportunity to do so. Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that any amendment or repeal of the provisions related to corporate opportunities described above requires the consent of each of BlackRock and Highfields as long as it holds any equity interest in us. These potential conflicts of interest could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or prospects if attractive corporate opportunities are allocated by BlackRock or Highfields to themselves or their other affiliates instead of to us. The terms of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation are more fully described in "Description of Capital Stock—Corporate Opportunity."

Anti-takeover provisions in our charter documents and Delaware law might discourage or delay acquisition attempts for us that you might consider favorable.

        Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws, in the amended and restated form that will be in effect upon the completion of the offering, contain provisions that may make the acquisition of our company more difficult without the approval of our board of directors. Among other things, these provisions:

    authorize the issuance of undesignated preferred stock, the terms of which may be established and the shares of which may be issued without stockholder approval, and which may include super voting, special approval, dividend, or other rights or preferences superior to the rights of the holders of Class A common stock;

    prohibit stockholder action by written consent unless the matter as to which action is being taken has been approved by our board of directors, which requires all stockholder actions regarding matters not approved by our board of directors to be taken at a meeting of our stockholders;

    provide that our board of directors is expressly authorized to make, alter, or repeal our amended and restated bylaws, provided that, if that action adversely affects BlackRock or Highfields when that entity holds at least 5% of the voting power of our outstanding shares of capital stock, such action is approved by that entity;

    establish advance notice requirements for nominations for elections to our board or for proposing matters that can be acted upon by stockholders at stockholder meetings; and

    prevent us from selling substantially all of our assets or completing a merger or other business combination that constitutes a change of control without the approval of a majority of those of our directors who are not also our officers.

        These anti-takeover provisions and other provisions under Delaware law could discourage, delay or prevent a transaction involving a change in control of our company, including actions that our stockholders may deem advantageous, or negatively affect the trading price of our Class A common stock. These provisions could also discourage proxy contests and make it more difficult for you and other stockholders to elect directors of your choosing and to cause us to take other corporate actions you desire.

    Risks Related to this Offering

An active trading market for our Class A common stock may never develop or be sustained.

        Although we intend to apply to list our Class A common stock on the NYSE, even if such application is approved an active trading market for our Class A common stock may not develop on

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that exchange or elsewhere or, if developed, that market may not be sustained. Accordingly, if an active trading market for our Class A common stock does not develop or is not maintained, the liquidity of our Class A common stock, your ability to sell your shares of Class A common stock when desired and the prices that you may obtain for your shares of Class A common stock will be adversely affected.

We are an "emerging growth company" and as a result of the reduced disclosure and governance requirements applicable to emerging growth companies, our common stock may be less attractive to investors.

        We are an "emerging growth company" as defined in the JOBS Act, and we intend to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies, including not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. We cannot predict if investors will find our common stock less attractive because we will rely on these exemptions. If some investors find our common stock less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our common stock and our stock price may be more volatile. We may take advantage of these reporting exemptions until we are no longer an emerging growth company. We will remain an emerging growth company until the earlier of (1) the last day of the fiscal year (a) following the fifth anniversary of the completion of this offering, (b) in which we have total annual gross revenue of at least $1.0 billion, or (c) in which we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer, which means the market value of our Class A common stock that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700.0 million as of the prior June 30th, and (2) the date on which we have issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt during the prior three-year period.

        Under Section 107(b) of the JOBS Act, emerging growth companies can delay adopting new or revised accounting standards until such time as those standards apply to private companies. We have irrevocably elected not to avail ourselves of this exemption from new or revised accounting standards and, therefore, we will be subject to the same new or revised accounting standards as other public companies that are not emerging growth companies.

The market price and trading volume of our Class A common stock may be volatile, which could result in rapid and substantial losses for our stockholders.

        Even if an active trading market develops, the market price of our Class A common stock may be highly volatile and could be subject to wide fluctuations. In addition, the trading volume in our Class A common stock may fluctuate and cause significant price variations to occur. The initial public offering price of our Class A common stock will be determined by negotiation between us and the representatives of the underwriters based on a number of factors and may not be indicative of prices that will prevail in the open market following completion of this offering. If the market price of our Class A common stock declines significantly, you may be unable to resell your shares at or above your purchase price, if at all. The market price of our Class A common stock may fluctuate or decline significantly in the future. Some of the factors that could negatively affect our share price or result in fluctuations in the price or trading volume of our Class A common stock include:

    variations in our quarterly or annual operating results;

    changes in our earnings estimates (if provided) or differences between our actual financial and operating results and those expected by investors and analysts;

    the contents of published research reports about us or our industry or the failure of securities analysts to cover our Class A common stock after this offering;

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    additions or departures of key management personnel;

    any increased indebtedness we may incur in the future;

    announcements by us or others and developments affecting us;

    actions by institutional stockholders;

    litigation and governmental investigations;

    changes in market valuations of similar companies;

    speculation or reports by the press or investment community with respect to us or our industry in general;

    increases in market interest rates that may lead purchasers of our shares to demand a higher yield;

    announcements by us or our competitors of significant contracts, acquisitions, dispositions, strategic relationships, joint ventures or capital commitments; and

    general market, political and economic conditions, including any such conditions and local conditions in the markets in which our customers are located.

        These broad market and industry factors may decrease the market price of our Class A common stock, regardless of our actual operating performance. The stock market in general has from time to time experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations, including in recent months. In addition, in the past, following periods of volatility in the overall market and the market price of a company's securities, securities class action litigation has often been instituted against these companies. This litigation, if instituted against us, could result in substantial costs and a diversion of our management's attention and resources.

Future offerings of debt or equity securities by us may adversely affect the market price of our Class A common stock.

        In the future, we may attempt to obtain financing or to further increase our capital resources by issuing additional shares of our Class A common stock or offering debt or other equity securities, including commercial paper, medium-term notes, senior or subordinated notes, debt securities convertible into equity or shares of preferred stock. In particular, we intend to seek opportunities to acquire loan servicing portfolios. Future acquisitions could require substantial additional capital in excess of cash from operations. We would expect to obtain the capital required for acquisitions through a combination of additional issuances of equity, corporate indebtedness, asset-backed acquisition financing and/or cash from operations.

        Issuing additional shares of our Class A common stock or other equity securities or securities convertible into equity may dilute the economic and voting rights of our existing stockholders or reduce the market price of our Class A common stock or both. Upon liquidation, holders of such debt securities and preferred shares, if issued, and lenders with respect to other borrowings would receive a distribution of our available assets prior to the holders of our Class A common stock. Debt securities convertible into equity could be subject to adjustments in the conversion ratio pursuant to which certain events may increase the number of equity securities issuable upon conversion. Preferred shares, if issued, could have a preference with respect to liquidating distributions or a preference with respect to dividend payments that could limit our ability to pay dividends to the holders of our Class A common stock. Our decision to issue securities in any future offering will depend on market conditions and other factors beyond our control, which may adversely affect the amount, timing or nature of our future offerings. In addition, the limited liability company agreement of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC provides that new classes of units or other equity interests of Private

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National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC may be issued to third parties other than PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. following the completion of this offering only with the approval of all members that hold more than 5% of the then outstanding New Holdings Units and, as long as they hold any New Holding Units, BlackRock and Highfields. Any such issuance will dilute the ownership of holders of our Class A common stock in substantially all of our operating assets. Thus, holders of our Class A common stock bear the risk that our future offerings, including any future offerings by Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, may reduce the market price of our Class A common stock and dilute their stockholdings in us. See "Description of Capital Stock."

The market price of our Class A common stock could be negatively affected by sales of substantial amounts of our Class A common stock in the public markets.

        After this offering, there will initially be                         shares of Class A common stock outstanding or             shares outstanding if the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full. Of our issued and outstanding shares, all the Class A common stock sold in this offering will be freely transferable, except for any shares held by our "affiliates," as that term is defined in Rule 144 under the Securities Act. We will enter into an exchange agreement with the existing owners of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, under which each existing owner (and certain permitted transferees thereof) may, from and after the closing of this offering (subject to the terms of the exchange agreement), exchange their New Holdings Units for shares of Class A common stock of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. on a one-for-one basis. If all New Holdings Units were exchanged pursuant to this agreement immediately following the closing of this offering, an additional                        shares of Class A common stock would be outstanding.

        All of the existing holders of New Holdings Units have agreed with the underwriters that, subject to customary exceptions, for a period of 180 days after the date of this prospectus, they will not directly or indirectly sell any Class A common stock, options or warrants to acquire shares of our Class A common stock, or any related security or instrument (including without limitation any New Holdings Units and any shares of Class B common stock) or cause a registration statement covering any Class A common stock to be filed, without the prior written consent of each of Citigroup Global Markets, Inc., Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated, Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC and Goldman, Sachs & Co. and certain of our existing holders will be further restricted from selling shares of Class A common stock that they may acquire pursuant to the exchange agreement due to their status as our "affiliates." The market price of our Class A common stock may decline significantly when these restrictions on the sale of Class A common stock by our existing stockholders lapse due to the actual or publicly anticipated sale of this stock into the public market. A decline in the price of our Class A common stock might impede our ability to raise capital through the issuance of additional Class A common stock or other equity securities.

The future issuance of additional Class A common stock in connection with our incentive plans, acquisitions or otherwise will dilute all other stockholdings.

        After this offering, assuming the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full, we will have an aggregate of                         shares of Class A common stock authorized but unissued and not reserved for issuance under our incentive plans. We may issue all of these shares of Class A common stock without any action or approval by our stockholders, subject to certain exceptions. We also intend to continue to evaluate acquisition opportunities and may issue Class A common stock in connection with these acquisitions. Any Class A common stock issued in connection with our incentive plans, acquisitions, the exercise of outstanding stock options or otherwise would dilute the percentage ownership held by the investors who purchase Class A common stock in this offering.

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Investors in this offering will suffer immediate and substantial dilution.

        The initial public offering price of our Class A common stock will be substantially higher than the net tangible book value per share issued and outstanding immediately after this offering. Our net tangible book value per share as of September 30, 2012 was approximately $            and represents the amount of book value of our total tangible assets minus the book value of our total liabilities, divided by the number of our shares of Class A common stock then issued and outstanding (assuming that all of our existing owners exchanged their New Holdings Units for newly-issued shares of Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis). Investors who purchase Class A common stock in this offering will pay a price per share that substantially exceeds the net tangible book value per share of Class A common stock. If you purchase shares of our Class A common stock in this offering, you will experience immediate and substantial dilution of $            in the net tangible book value per share, based upon the initial public offering price of $            per share (the midpoint of the estimated initial public offering price range set forth on the cover of this prospectus). Investors that purchase Class A common stock in this offering will have purchased        % of the shares issued and outstanding immediately after the offering (assuming that all of our existing owners exchanged their New Holdings Units for newly-issued shares of Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis), but will have paid        % of the total consideration for those shares.

Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC will have broad discretion in the use of a significant part of the net proceeds from this offering and may not use them effectively.

        We intend to use the net proceeds to us from this offering to purchase newly-issued New Holdings Units from Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC. We intend to cause Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC to use the net proceeds from this offering in the manner described in "Use of Proceeds" and Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC will have broad discretion in the application of a significant part of the net proceeds from this offering. The failure by Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC to apply these funds effectively could affect our ability to operate and grow our business.

As a public company, we will incur additional costs and face increased demands on our management.

        As a public company with shares listed on a U.S. exchange, we will need to comply with an extensive body of regulations that did not apply to us previously, including provisions of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002, or SOX, regulations of the SEC and requirements of the NYSE. We expect these rules and regulations to increase our legal and financial compliance costs and to make some activities more time-consuming and costly, particularly after we are no longer an emerging growth company. For example, as a result of becoming a public company, we intend to add independent directors, create additional board committees and adopt certain policies regarding internal controls and disclosure controls and procedures. In addition, we will incur additional costs associated with our public company reporting requirements and maintaining directors' and officers' liability insurance. We are currently evaluating and monitoring developments with respect to these rules, which may impose additional costs on us and materially affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

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SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

        This prospectus contains forward-looking statements, which reflect our current views with respect to, among other things, our operations and financial performance. You can identify these forward-looking statements by the use of words such as "outlook," "believes," "expects," "potential," "continues," "may," "will," "should," "seeks," "approximately," "predicts," "intends," "plans," "estimates," "anticipates" or the negative version of these words or other comparable words. Such forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties. Accordingly, there are or will be important factors that could cause actual outcomes or results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements. We believe these factors include but are not limited to those described under "Risk Factors" and include, among other things:

    The continually changing federal, state and local laws and regulations applicable to the highly regulated industry in which we operate;

    Lawsuits or governmental actions if we do not comply with the laws and regulations applicable to our businesses;

    The creation of the CFPB, its recently issued and future rules and the enforcement thereof by the CFPB;

    Changes in existing U.S. government-sponsored entities, their current roles or their guarantees or guidelines;

    Changes to government mortgage modification programs;

    The licensing and operational requirements of states and other jurisdictions applicable to our businesses, to which our bank competitors are not subject;

    Foreclosure delays and changes in foreclosure practices;

    Changes in macroeconomic and U.S. residential real estate market conditions;

    Difficulties inherent in growing loan production volume;

    Changes in prevailing interest rates;

    Increases in loan delinquencies and defaults;

    Our reliance on PMT as a significant source of financing for, and revenue related to, our correspondent lending business;

    Any required additional capital and liquidity to support business growth that may not be available on acceptable terms, if at all;

    Our obligation to indemnify third-party purchasers or repurchase loans if loans that we originate, acquire or assist in the fulfillment of, fail to meet certain criteria or characteristics or under other circumstances;

    Our obligation to indemnify PMT and the Investment Funds if our services fail to meet certain criteria or characteristics or under other circumstances;

    Decreases in the historical returns on the assets that we select and manage for our clients, and our resulting management and incentive fees;

    The extensive amount of regulation applicable to our investment management segment;

    Conflicts of interest in allocating our services and investment opportunities among ourselves and our Advised Entities; and

    Our recent rapid growth.

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        These factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the other cautionary statements that are included in this prospectus. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or review any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise.


MARKET DATA

        This prospectus includes market and industry data and forecasts that we have derived from independent consultant reports, publicly available information, various industry publications, other published industry sources and our internal data and estimates. Independent consultant reports, industry publications and other published industry sources generally indicate that the information contained therein was obtained from sources believed to be reliable.

        Our internal data and estimates are based upon information obtained from trade and business organizations and other contacts in the markets in which we operate and our management's understanding of industry conditions. Although we believe that such information is reliable, we have not had this information verified by any independent sources.

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ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

        The diagram below depicts our organizational structure immediately following this offering.

GRAPHIC

Recapitalization

        Currently, the capital structure of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC consists of four different classes of limited liability company units (common units, Class B common units, Class C common units and preferred units). Each of these classes (other than the preferred units) has different amounts of aggregate distributions above which its holders share in future distributions. Prior to the completion of this offering, the limited liability company agreement of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC will be amended and restated to, among other things, modify its capital structure by converting all existing classes of limited liability company units into New Holdings

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Units. The amendment and restatement of the limited liability company agreement of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, including the recapitalization of the outstanding units to be effected thereby, requires the approval of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, BlackRock, Highfields and each other holder of preferred units of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC.

        The allocation of New Holdings Units among our existing owners will be determined pursuant to the distribution provisions of the existing limited liability company agreement of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC based upon the liquidation value of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, assuming it was liquidated at the time of this offering with a value implied by the initial public offering price of the shares of Class A common stock sold in this offering. Immediately following this recapitalization but prior to the "Offering Transactions" described below, there will be                        New Holdings Units issued and outstanding. The New Holdings Units received by our officers and employees in respect of units that are subject to service-based vesting requirements will remain subject to such service-based vesting requirements. New Holdings Units received by our officers and employees in respect of units that are currently vested will be vested. See "Executive and Director Compensation."

        We refer to the foregoing transactions, collectively, as the "Recapitalization."

Incorporation of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc.

        PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. was incorporated as a Delaware corporation on December 31, 2012. PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. has not engaged in any business or other activities except in connection with its formation. The amended and restated certificate of incorporation of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. authorizes two classes of common stock, Class A common stock and Class B common stock, each having the terms described in "Description of Capital Stock."

        Prior to the completion of this offering, shares of Class B common stock of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will be issued to Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, which will, in turn, distribute one share of that Class B common stock to each of our existing owners, each of which provides its owner with no economic rights but entitles the holder, without regard to the number of shares of Class B common stock held by such holder, to one vote on matters presented to stockholders of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. for each New Holdings Unit held by such holder, as described in "Description of Capital Stock—Common Stock—Class B Common Stock." Holders of our Class A common stock and Class B common stock vote together as a single class on all matters presented to our stockholders for their vote or approval, except as otherwise required by applicable law.

        We and our existing owners will enter into an exchange agreement under which, subject to the terms of the exchange agreement, they (or certain permitted transferees thereof) will have the right or, under certain circumstances, the obligation to exchange their New Holdings Units for shares of our Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis, subject to customary conversion rate adjustments for stock splits, stock dividends and reclassifications. See "Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions—Exchange Agreement."

Offering Transactions

        At the time of this offering, PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. intends to purchase New Holdings Units from Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC at a purchase price per unit equal to the initial public offering price per share of Class A common stock in this offering less the underwriting discount per share. Regardless of the initial public offering price per share of Class A common stock in this offering, PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will purchase a number of newly-issued New Holdings Units from Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC equal to the number of shares of Class A common stock sold in this offering using the entire amount of proceeds that it receives from

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this offering. Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC will bear all of the expenses of this offering, including underwriting discounts.

        Accordingly, at the time of this offering PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will purchase from Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company,  LLC                         newly-issued New Holdings Units for an aggregate of $             million (or                        New Holdings Units for an aggregate of $             million if the underwriters exercise in full their option to purchase additional shares of Class A common stock).

        The unit holders of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC (other than PennyMac Financial Services, Inc.) may (subject to the terms of the exchange agreement) exchange their New Holdings Units for shares of Class A common stock of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. on a one-for-one basis. These exchanges are expected to result in increases in the tax basis of the assets of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC that otherwise would not have been available. These increases in tax basis may reduce the amount of tax that PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. would otherwise be required to pay in the future. These increases in tax basis may also decrease gains (or increase losses) on future dispositions of certain capital assets to the extent tax basis is allocated to those capital assets. We will enter into a tax receivable agreement with our existing owners that will provide for the payment by PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. to our existing owners of 85% of the amount of the benefits, if any, that PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. is deemed to realize as a result of (i) increases in tax basis resulting from exchanges of New Holdings Units, (ii) certain allocations as a result of the application of the principles of Section 704(c) of the Code to take into account the difference between the fair market value and the adjusted tax basis of certain assets of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC on the date of the offering, and (iii) certain other tax benefits related to our entering into the tax receivable agreement, including tax benefits attributable to payments under the tax receivable agreement. These payment obligations are obligations of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. and not of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC. See "Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions—Tax Receivable Agreement."

        In connection with its acquisition of New Holdings Units, PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will become the sole managing member of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC and, through Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC and its subsidiaries, operate our business. Accordingly, although PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will initially have a minority economic interest in Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will have 100% of the voting power and control the management of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, subject to certain exceptions. See "Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions—Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC Limited Liability Company Agreement."

        We refer to the foregoing transactions as the "Offering Transactions."

        As a result of the transactions described above:

    the investors in this offering will collectively own                   shares of our Class A common stock (or                    shares of Class A common stock if the underwriters exercise in full their option to purchase additional shares of Class A common stock) and PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will hold                  New Holdings Units (or                  New Holdings Units if the underwriters exercise in full their option to purchase additional shares of Class A common stock);

    our existing owners will hold                        New Holdings Units;

    the investors in this offering will collectively have        % of the voting power in PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. (or        % if the underwriters exercise in full their option to purchase additional shares of Class A common stock); and

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    our existing owners, through their holdings of our Class B common stock, will have        % of the voting power in PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. (or        % if the underwriters exercise in full their option to purchase additional shares of Class A common stock).

        Our post-offering organizational structure will allow our existing owners to retain their equity ownership in Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, an entity that is intended to be classified as a partnership for United States federal income tax purposes (and not as an association, taxable mortgage pool or publicly traded partnership, each of which could be taxable as a corporation), in the form of New Holdings Units. Investors in this offering will, by contrast, hold their equity ownership in PennyMac Financial Services, Inc., a Delaware corporation that is a domestic corporation for United States federal income tax purposes, in the form of shares of Class A common stock. We believe that our existing owners generally find it advantageous to hold their equity interests in an entity that is not taxable as a corporation for United States federal income tax purposes. Our existing owners and, following the offering, PennyMac Financial Services, Inc., will incur U.S. federal, state and local income taxes on their proportionate share of any taxable income of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC. We do not believe that our organizational structure gives rise to any significant benefit or detriment to our business or operations. Under the tax receivable agreement, PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. and its stockholders will retain approximately 15% of the marginal tax benefits that PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. is deemed to realize as a result of (i) increases in tax basis resulting from exchanges of New Holdings Units, (ii) certain allocations as a result of the application of the principles of Section 704(c) of the Code to take into account the difference between the fair market value and the adjusted tax basis of certain assets of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC on the date of the offering, and (iii) certain other tax benefits related to our entering into the tax receivable agreement, including tax benefits attributable to payments under the tax receivable agreement.

        As noted above, we will enter into an exchange agreement with our existing owners that will entitle them to exchange their New Holdings Units for shares of our Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis, subject to customary conversion rate adjustments. Our existing owners will be able to exercise their exchange rights at any time following our initial public offering. In addition, we can require our existing owners to exercise their exchange rights (i) in connection with a change of control of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. or (ii) if no holder of New Holdings Units (other than PennyMac Financial Services, Inc.) holds 3% or more of all New Holdings Units, in each case unless the cash that they would receive in connection with such exchange (including the after-tax value of amounts received pursuant to the tax receivable agreement) would not be sufficient to cover the taxes that our existing owners would become liable for as a result of such exchange. We can also require an existing owner who is an officer or employee to exercise his or her exchange rights, upon the termination of his or her employment. The exchange agreement provides, however, that voluntary exchanges must be for the lesser of a stated minimum number of New Holdings Units or all of the vested New Holdings Units held by such existing owner. The exchange agreement also provides that an existing owner will not have the right to exchange New Holdings Units if PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. determines that such exchange would be prohibited by law or regulation or would violate other agreements with Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC to which the existing owner may be subject. PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. may impose additional restrictions on exchanges that it determines to be necessary or advisable so that Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC is not treated as a "publicly traded partnership" for United States federal income tax purposes. All shares of Class A common stock issued upon exchange of New Holdings Units will also be subject to contractual lock-up agreements with the underwriters of this offering. See "Shares Eligible for Future Sale—Lock-Up Agreements."

        Our existing owners will also hold shares of Class B common stock of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. Although these shares have no economic rights, they will allow our existing owners to

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exercise voting power at PennyMac Financial Services, Inc., the managing member of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, at a level that is consistent with their overall equity ownership of our business. Under the amended and restated certificate of incorporation of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc., each holder of Class B common stock shall be entitled, without regard to the number of shares of Class B common stock held by such holder, to one vote for each New Holdings Unit held by such holder. Accordingly, as our existing owners exchange New Holdings Units for shares of Class A common stock of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. pursuant to the exchange agreement, the voting power afforded to them by their shares of Class B common stock is automatically and correspondingly reduced.

Holding Company Structure

        PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will be a holding company, and its sole material asset will be an equity interest in Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC. As the sole managing member of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will operate and control all of the business and affairs of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC and, through Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC and its subsidiaries, conduct our business.

        PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will consolidate the financial results of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC and its subsidiaries, and the ownership interest of the other members of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC will be reflected as a non-controlling interest in PennyMac Financial Services, Inc.'s consolidated financial statements.

        Pursuant to the amended and restated limited liability company agreement of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will have the right to determine when distributions will be made to the members of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC and the amount of any such distributions, other than with respect to tax distributions as described below. If PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. authorizes a distribution, such distribution will be made to the members of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC pro rata in accordance with the percentages of their respective limited liability company interests.

        The holders of limited liability company interests in Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, including PennyMac Financial Services, Inc., will incur U.S. federal, state and local income taxes on their proportionate share of any taxable income of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC. Except as otherwise required by Section 704(c) of the Code to account for the difference between the fair market value and the adjusted tax basis of the assets of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC on the date of this offering, net profits and net losses of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC will generally be allocated to its members (including PennyMac Financial Services, Inc.) pro rata in accordance with their respective limited liability company interests. The limited liability company agreement provides for quarterly cash distributions to the holders of limited liability company interests of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC if PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. determines that the taxable income of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC will give rise to taxable income for its members. In accordance with the limited liability company agreement, we are required to cause Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC to make quarterly cash distributions to the holders of limited liability company interests of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC for purposes of funding their tax obligations in respect of the income of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC that is allocated to them. Generally, these tax distributions will be computed based on the taxable income of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC multiplied by an assumed tax rate determined by us.

        See "Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions—Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC Limited Liability Company Agreement."

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USE OF PROCEEDS

        We estimate that the net proceeds to us from the sale of the shares of our Class A common stock offered by us will be approximately $             million, based on an assumed initial public offering price of $            per share, the midpoint of the price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, and after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions. If the underwriters' option to purchase additional shares in this offering is exercised in full, we estimate that our net proceeds will be approximately $             million, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions.

        A $1.00 increase (decrease) in the assumed initial public offering price of $            per share would increase (decrease) the net proceeds to us from this offering by approximately $             million, assuming the number of shares offered by us, as set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, remains the same and after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions. Similarly, each increase (decrease) of one million shares in the number of shares of Class A common stock offered by us would increase (decrease) the net proceeds to us from this offering by approximately $             million, assuming the assumed initial public offering price remains the same and after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions.

        We intend to use the net proceeds to us from this offering to purchase newly-issued New Holdings Units from Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, as described under "Organizational Structure—Recapitalization." Accordingly, we will not retain any of these proceeds. We intend to cause Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC to use these proceeds primarily to provide capital to grow our mortgage banking business and for general corporate purposes. Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC will also use these proceeds to pay the expenses of this offering, which we estimate will be approximately $       million. Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC will have broad discretion over the uses of such proceeds.

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DIVIDEND POLICY

        Other than tax-related distributions, Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC has not made any distributions to our existing owners during 2011, 2012 or to date during 2013. Tax-related distributions aggregated $15.0 million in 2011, and $11.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will receive a pro rata portion of the tax distributions made by Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC following this offering. The cash received from such distributions will first be used to satisfy any tax liability of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. and then to make any payments under the tax receivable agreement with our existing owners.

        The declaration, amount and payment of any dividends on shares of Class A common stock with respect to any remaining excess cash will be at the sole discretion of our board of directors. Our board of directors may take into account general and economic conditions, our financial condition and operating results, our available cash and current and anticipated cash needs, capital requirements, contractual, legal, tax and regulatory restrictions and implications on the payment of dividends by us to our stockholders or by our subsidiaries to us, and such other factors as our board of directors may deem relevant. We may also enter into credit agreements or other borrowing arrangements in the future that restrict or limit our ability to pay cash dividends on our Class A common stock.

        PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. is a holding company and has no material assets other than its ownership of New Holdings Units in Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC. We intend to cause Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC to make distributions to us in an amount sufficient to cover cash dividends, if any, declared by us. If Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC makes such distributions to PennyMac Financial Services, Inc., the other holders of New Holdings Units will be entitled to receive equivalent distributions.

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CAPITALIZATION

        The following table sets forth our cash and capitalization as of September 30, 2012 on:

    a historical basis for Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC; and

    a pro forma basis for PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. giving effect to the transactions described under "Unaudited Pro Forma Consolidated Financial Information," including the application of the proceeds from this offering as described in "Use of Proceeds."

        You should read this table together with the information contained in this prospectus, including "Organizational Structure," "Use of Proceeds," "Unaudited Pro Forma Consolidated Financial Information," "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and the historical financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this prospectus.

 
  As of September 30, 2012  
 
  Actual   Pro Forma  
 
  (Dollar amounts in thousands except share and per share data)
 

Cash and short term investments, at fair value

  $ 31,150   $    

Loans sold under agreements to repurchase

    361,478        

Note payable

    34,035        

Members' capital(1)

    96,884        

Members' equity attributable to common units from equity incentive plan

    16,107        

Stock subscription receivable

    (4,842 )      

Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share,        shares authorized on a pro forma basis;        shares issued and outstanding on a pro forma basis

           

Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share,        shares authorized on a pro forma basis;        shares issued and outstanding on a pro forma basis

           

Additional paid-in capital

             

Retained earnings

    93,778        
           

Total members'/stockholders' equity

    201,927        
           

Total capitalization

  $ 628,590   $    
           

(1)
Represents the investment of existing unit holders in Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC.

        See "Pricing Sensitivity Analysis" to see how the information presented above would be affected by an initial public offering price per share of Class A common stock at the low-, mid- and high-points of the price range indicated on the front cover of this prospectus or if the underwriters' option to purchase additional shares of Class A common stock is exercised in full.

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DILUTION

        If you invest in shares of our Class A common stock, your interest will be diluted to the extent of the difference between the initial public offering price per share of Class A common stock and the pro forma net tangible book value per share of Class A common stock after this offering. Dilution results from the fact that the per share offering price of the shares of Class A common stock is substantially in excess of the pro forma net tangible book value per share attributable to our existing owners.

        Our pro forma net tangible book value as of September 30, 2012 was approximately $             million, or $            per share of Class A common stock. Pro forma net tangible book value represents the amount of total tangible assets less total liabilities, and pro forma net tangible book value per share of Class A common stock represents pro forma net tangible book value divided by the number of shares of Class A common stock outstanding, in each case after giving effect to the Recapitalization and assuming that all of the holders of New Holdings Units in Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC (other than PennyMac Financial Services, Inc.) exchanged their New Holdings Units for newly-issued shares of Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis.

        After giving effect to the transactions described under "Unaudited Pro Forma Consolidated Financial Information," including the application of the proceeds from this offering as described in "Use of Proceeds," our pro forma net tangible book value as of September 30, 2012 would have been $             million, or $            per share of Class A common stock. This represents an immediate increase in net tangible book value of $            per share of Class A common stock to our existing owners and an immediate dilution in net tangible book value of $            per share of Class A common stock to investors in this offering.

        The following table illustrates this dilution on a per share of Class A common stock basis assuming the underwriters do not exercise their option to purchase additional shares of Class A common stock:

Assumed initial public offering price per share

      $

Pro forma net tangible book value per share as of September 30, 2012

  $    

Increase per share attributable to this offering

       
         

Pro forma net tangible book value per share, as adjusted to give effect to this offering

       
         

Dilution in pro forma net tangible book value per share to new investors in this offering

      $
         

        Because our existing owners do not own any Class A common stock or other economic interests in PennyMac Financial Services, Inc., we have presented dilution in pro forma net tangible book value per share of Class A common stock to investors in this offering assuming that all of the holders of New Holdings Units in Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC (other than PennyMac Financial Services, Inc.) exchanged their New Holdings Units for newly-issued shares of Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis in order to more meaningfully present the dilutive impact on the investors in this offering.

        See "Pricing Sensitivity Analysis" to see how some of the information presented above would be affected by an initial public offering price per share of Class A common stock at the low-, mid- and high-points of the price range indicated on the front cover of this prospectus or if the underwriters exercise in full their option to purchase additional shares of Class A common stock.

        The following table summarizes, on the same pro forma basis as of September 30, 2012, the total number of shares of Class A common stock purchased from us, the total cash consideration paid to us and the average price per share of Class A common stock paid by our existing owners and by new

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investors purchasing shares of Class A common stock in this offering, assuming that all of the holders of New Holdings Units in Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC (other than PennyMac Financial Services, Inc.) exchanged their New Holdings Units for shares of our Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis.

 
  Shares of Class A Common Stock Purchased    
   
  Average Price Per Share of Class A Common Stock  
 
  Total Consideration  
 
  Number   Percent   Amount   Percent  

Existing owners

          % $       % $    

Investors in this offering

                           
                         

Total

        100.0 % $     100.0 %      
                         

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UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

        The unaudited pro forma consolidated statements of income for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011 and for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 present our consolidated results of operations giving pro forma effect to the Recapitalization and Offering Transactions described under "Organizational Structure" and the use of the estimated net proceeds from this offering as described under "Use of Proceeds," as if such transactions occurred on January 1, 2011. The unaudited pro forma consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2012 presents our consolidated financial position giving pro forma effect to the Recapitalization and Offering Transactions described under "Organizational Structure" and the use of the estimated net proceeds from this offering as described under "Use of Proceeds," as if such transactions occurred on September 30, 2012. The pro forma adjustments are based on available information and upon assumptions that our management believes are reasonable in order to reflect, on a pro forma basis, the impact of these transactions on the historical financial information of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC.

        The unaudited pro forma consolidated financial information should be read together with "Organizational Structure," "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and the historical financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this prospectus.

        The unaudited pro forma consolidated financial information is included for informational purposes only and does not purport to reflect the results of operations or financial position of PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. that would have occurred had we operated as a public company during the periods presented. The unaudited pro forma consolidated financial information should not be relied upon as being indicative of our results of operations or financial position had the Recapitalization and Offering Transactions described under "Organizational Structure" and the use of the estimated net proceeds from this offering as described under "Use of Proceeds" occurred on the dates assumed. The unaudited pro forma consolidated financial information also does not project our results of operations or financial position for any future period or date.

        The pro forma adjustments principally give effect to:

    the purchase by PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. of                        New Holdings Units of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC with the proceeds of this offering and the related effects of the tax receivable agreement as described in "Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions—Tax Receivable Agreement;" and

    in the case of the unaudited pro forma consolidated statements of income, a provision for corporate income taxes on the income attributable to PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. at an effective rate of        %, which includes a provision for U.S. federal income taxes and assumes the highest statutory rates apportioned to each state, local and/or foreign jurisdiction.

        The unaudited pro forma consolidated financial information presented assumes no exercise by the underwriters of the option to purchase up to an additional            shares of Class A common stock from us and that the shares of Class A common stock to be sold in this offering are sold at $            per share of Class A common stock, which is the midpoint of the price range indicated on the front cover of this prospectus. See "Pricing Sensitivity Analysis" to see how certain aspects of the Offering Transactions would be affected by an initial public offering price per share of Class A common stock at the low-, mid- and high-points of the price range indicated on the front cover of this prospectus or if the underwriters' option to purchase additional shares of Class A common stock is exercised in full.

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PENNYMAC FINANCIAL SERVICES, INC.

UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2011

 
  Private National
Mortgage Acceptance
Company, LLC
Actual
  Pro Forma
Adjustments(1)
  PennyMac
Financial
Services, Inc.
Pro Forma
 
 
  (in thousands, except per unit data)
 

Revenue

                   

Net servicing income:

                   

Loan servicing fees:

                   

From PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

  $ 13,204              

From Investment Funds

    14,523              

Mortgage servicing rebate (to) from Investment Funds

    (2,772 )            

From non-affiliates

    11,493              

Ancillary fees

    1,657              
                   

Total

    38,105              

Amortization, impairment and change in estimated fair value of mortgage servicing rights

    (9,438 )            
               

Net servicing income

    28,667              

Net gain on mortgage loans held for sale at fair value

    13,029              

Management fees:

                   

From PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

    8,456              

From Investment Funds

    9,943              

Carried Interest from Investment Funds

    12,596              

Fulfillment fees from PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

    1,744              

Other

    2,224              
               

Total revenue

    76,659              
               

Expenses

                   

Compensation

    47,479              

Other

    14,481              
               

Total expenses

    61,960              
               

Net income

  $ 14,699              
               

Net income attributable to preferred unit holders

  $ 14,507              

Net income attributable to common unit awards outstanding

  $ 152              

Net income attributable to common unit holders

  $ 40              

Pro forma information (unaudited):

                   

Historical net income before taxes

  $ 14,699              

Pro forma adjustment for taxes(2)

                   

Pro forma net income

                   

Earnings per unit:

                   

Preferred units

  $ 237.82              

Common units:

                   

Basic

  $ 11.63              

Diluted

  $ 3.88              

Weighted average units outstanding:

                   

Preferred units

    61,003              

Common units:

                   

Basic

    3,470              

Diluted

    10,410              

(1)
As described in "Organizational Structure," PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will become the sole managing member of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC. PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will initially own less than 100% of the economic interest in Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC but will have 100% of the voting power and control its management immediately following this offering.

(2)
Following the Recapitalization and the Offering Transactions, PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will be subject to U.S. federal income taxes, in addition to state, local and international taxes, with respect to its allocable share of any net taxable income of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, which will result in higher income taxes. As a result, the pro forma statements of income reflect an adjustment to our provision for corporate income taxes to reflect an effective rate of      %, which includes provision for U.S. federal income taxes and assumes the highest statutory rates apportioned to each state, local and/or foreign jurisdiction.

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PENNYMAC FINANCIAL SERVICES, INC.

UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

FOR THE NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2012

 
  Private National
Mortgage Acceptance
Company, LLC
Actual
  Pro Forma
Adjustments(1)
  PennyMac
Financial
Services, Inc.
Pro Forma
 
 
  (in thousands, except per unit data)
 

Revenue

                   

Net servicing income:

                   

Loan servicing fees:

                   

From PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

  $ 13,163              

From Investment Funds, net

    9,130              

Mortgage servicing rebate (to) from Investment Funds

    (407 )            

From non-affiliates

    10,824              

Ancillary fees

    1,613              
               

Total

    34,323              

Amortization, impairment and change in estimated fair value of mortgage servicing rights

    (8,977 )            
               

Net servicing income

    25,346              

Net gain on mortgage loans held for sale at fair value

    68,487              

Management fees:

                   

From PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

    9,847              

From Investment Funds

    7,199              

Carried Interest from Investment Funds

    7,254              

Fulfillment fees from PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

    31,097              

Other

    8,110              
               

Total revenue

    157,340              
               

Expenses

                   

Compensation

    77,756              

Other

    19,135              
               

Total expenses

    96,891              
               

Net income

  $ 60,449              
               

Net income attributable to preferred unit holders

  $ 52,482              

Net income attributable to common unit awards outstanding

  $ 5,094              

Net income attributable to common unit holders

  $ 2,873              

Pro forma information (unaudited):

                   

Historical net income before taxes

  $ 60,449              

Pro forma adjustment for taxes(2)

                   

Pro forma net income

                   

Earnings per unit:

                   

Preferred units

  $ 542.83              

Common units:

                   

Basic units

  $ 466.97              

Diluted

  $ 192.41              

Weighted average units outstanding:

                   

Preferred units

    96,682              

Common units:

                   

Basic

    6,153              

Diluted

    14,933              

(1)
As described in "Organizational Structure," PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will become the sole managing member of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC. PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will initially own less than 100% of the economic interest in Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC but will have 100% of the voting power and control its management immediately following this offering.

(2)
Following the Recapitalization and the Offering Transactions, PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will be subject to U.S. federal income taxes, in addition to state, local and international taxes, with respect to its allocable share of any net taxable income of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC, which will result in higher income taxes. As a result, the pro forma statements of income reflect an adjustment to our provision for corporate income taxes to reflect an effective rate of      %, which includes provision for U.S. federal income taxes and assumes the highest statutory rates apportioned to each state, local and/or foreign jurisdiction.

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PENNYMAC FINANCIAL SERVICES, INC.

UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET

AS OF SEPTEMBER 30, 2012

 
  Private National
Mortgage Acceptance
Company, LLC
Actual
  Pro Forma
Adjustments(1)
  PennyMac
Financial
Services, Inc.
Pro Forma
 
 
   
  (in thousands,
except unit data)

   
 

ASSETS

                   

Cash

 
$

27,734
             

Short-term investment, at fair value

    3,416              

Mortgage loans held for sale at fair value

    410,071              

Servicing advances

    76,554              

Receivable from Investment Funds

    4,183              

Receivable from PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

    9,734              

Derivative assets

    39,793              

Carried Interest due from Investment Funds

    44,504              

Investment in PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust, at fair value

    1,753              

Mortgage servicing rights, at fair value

    21,240              

Mortgage servicing rights, at lower of amortized cost or fair value

    52,914              

Furniture, fixtures, equipment and building improvements, net

    4,466              

Capitalized software, net

    751              

Other

    5,586              
                   

Total assets

  $ 702,699              
                   

LIABILITIES

                   

Loans sold under agreements to repurchase

 
$

361,478
             

Note payable

    34,035              

Derivative liability

    3,356              

Payable to PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

    35,920              

Payable to Investment Funds

    34,443              

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

    29,235              

Liability for losses under representations and warranties

    2,305              
                   

Total liabilities

    500,772              
                   

MEMBERS' EQUITY

                   

Preferred units, 96,682 units authorized, subscribed, issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2012

   
96,884
             

Members' equity attributable to common units from equity compensation plan

    16,107              

Stock subscription receivable

    (4,842 )            

Retained earnings

    93,778              
                   

Total members' equity

    201,927              
                   

Total liabilities and members' equity

  $ 702,699              
                   

(1)
As described in "Organizational Structure," PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will become the sole managing member of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC. PennyMac Financial Services, Inc. will initially own less than 100% of the economic interest in Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC but will have 100% of the voting power and control its management immediately following this offering.

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SELECTED HISTORICAL CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL DATA

        The following selected historical consolidated financial data of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC should be read together with "Organizational Structure," "Unaudited Pro Forma Consolidated Financial Information," "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and the historical financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this prospectus. Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC will be considered our predecessor for accounting purposes, and its consolidated financial statements will be our historical consolidated financial statements following this offering.

        We derived the selected historical consolidated statement of income data of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 and the selected historical consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2011 and 2010 from the audited consolidated financial statements of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC which are included elsewhere in this prospectus. The consolidated statement of income data for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, and the consolidated balance sheet data as of September 30, 2012 have been derived from unaudited consolidated financial statements of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC included elsewhere in this prospectus. The unaudited consolidated financial statements of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC have been prepared on substantially the same basis as the audited financial statements and include all adjustments that we consider necessary for a fair presentation of our consolidated financial position and results of operations for all periods presented.

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  Year ended
December 31,
  Nine months ended
September 30,
 
 
  2011   2010   2012   2011  
 
  (in thousands, except per unit data)
 

Statement of Operations Data—Consolidated

                         

Revenue

                         

Net servicing income:

                         

Loan servicing fees

                         

From PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

  $ 13,204   $ 2,989   $ 13,163   $ 9,152  

From Investment Funds, net

    14,523     9,474     9,130     10,990  

Mortgage servicing rebate (to) from Investment Funds

    (2,772 )   1,162     (407 )   (569 )

From non-affiliates

    11,493     11,431     10,824     8,513  

Ancillary fees

    1,657     1,345     1,613     1,224  
                   

Total

    38,105     26,401     34,323     29,310  

Amortization, impairment and change in estimated fair value of mortgage servicing rights

    (9,438 )   (400 )   (8,977 )   (6,400 )
                   

Net servicing income

    28,667     26,001     25,346     22,910  

Net gain on mortgage loans held for sale at fair value

    13,029     2,008     68,487     3,895  

Management fees:

                         

From PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

    8,456     5,484     9,847     7,043  

From Investment Funds

    9,943     9,943     7,199     7,457  

Carried Interest from Investment Funds

    12,596     24,654     7,254     10,348  

Fulfillment fees from PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

    1,744         31,097     358  

Other

    2,224     1,139     8,110     978  
                   

Total revenue

    76,659     69,229     157,340     52,989  
                   

Expenses

                         

Compensation

    47,479     25,412     77,756     31,316  

Other

    14,481     10,775     19,135     10,193  
                   

Total expenses

    61,960     36,187     96,891     41,509  
                   

Net income

  $ 14,699   $ 33,042   $ 60,449   $ 11,480  
                   

Net income attributable to preferred unit holders

  $ 14,507   $ 29,014   $ 52,482   $ 11,364  

Net income attributable to non-vested common unit awards outstanding

  $ 152   $ 3,837   $ 5,094   $ 84  

Net income attributable to common unit holders

  $ 40   $ 191   $ 2,873   $ 32  

Pro forma information (unaudited):

                         

Historical net income before taxes

  $ 14,699   $ 33,042   $ 60,449   $ 11,480  

Pro forma adjustment for taxes

                         

Pro forma net income

                         

Earnings per unit:

                         

Preferred units

  $ 237.82   $ 645.30   $ 542.83   $ 221.72  

Common units:

                         

Basic

  $ 11.63   $ 555.59   $ 466.97   $ 11.05  

Diluted

  $ 3.88   $ 40.72   $ 192.41   $ 3.58  

Weighted average units outstanding:

                         

Preferred units

    61,003     44,962     96,682     51,256  

Common units:

                         

Basic

    3,470     345     6,153     2,913  

Diluted

    10,410     4,704     14,933     8,997  

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  December 31,
2011
  December 31,
2010
  September 30,
2012
 
 
  (in thousands)
 

Balance Sheet Data—Consolidated

                   

ASSETS

                   

Cash and short-term investment, at fair value

 
$

32,506
 
$

15,241
 
$

31,150
 

Mortgage loans held for sale at fair value

    89,857     14,720     410,071  

Servicing advances

    63,565     22,811     76,554  

Receivable from Advised Entities

    19,864     13,687     13,917  

Carried interest due from Investment Funds

    37,250     24,654     44,504  

Mortgage servicing rights

    32,124     31,957     74,154  

Other

    14,115     5,332     52,349  
               

Total assets

  $ 289,281   $ 128,402   $ 702,699  
               

LIABILITIES

                   

Loans sold under agreements to repurchase

 
$

77,700
 
$

13,289
 
$

361,478
 

Note payable

    18,602     3,499     34,035  

Derivative liability

            3,356  

Payable to PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

    25,595     2,842     35,920  

Payable to Investment Funds

    29,622     13,262     34,443  

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

    13,398     5,352     29,235  

Liability for losses under representations and warranties

    449     189     2,305  
               

Total liabilities

    165,366     38,433     500,772  

MEMBERS' EQUITY

   
123,915
   
89,969
   
201,927
 
               

Total liabilities and members' equity

  $ 289,281   $ 128,402   $ 702,699  
               

OPERATING METRICS

                   

Net assets under management of the Advised Entities

 
$

1,166,095
 
$

883,338
 
$

1,760,053
 

Mortgage loans serviced (unpaid balance)

  $ 7,736,608   $ 5,358,819   $ 18,599,954  

Number of mortgage loans serviced

    36,395     26,022     83,449  

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MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

        You should read this discussion together with the consolidated financial statements, related notes and other financial information included in this prospectus. The following discussion may contain predictions, estimates and other forward-looking statements that involve a number of risks and uncertainties, including those discussed under "Risk Factors" and elsewhere in this prospectus. These risks could cause our actual results to differ materially from any future performance suggested below. Accordingly, you should read "Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements" and "Risk Factors."

Overview

        We are a specialty financial services firm that operates in two segments: mortgage banking and investment management.

    Mortgage Banking

        Our mortgage banking segment is comprised of three primary businesses: correspondent lending, retail lending, and loan servicing.

    Correspondent Lending.  Our correspondent lending business manages, on behalf of PMT and for our own account, the acquisition of newly originated, prime credit quality, first-lien residential mortgage loans that have been underwritten to investor guidelines. PMT acquires, from approved correspondent sellers, newly originated loans, primarily "conventional" residential mortgage loans guaranteed by the GSEs and "government-insured" residential mortgage loans insured or guaranteed by the FHA or the VA and eligible to back securities guaranteed by Ginnie Mae. For conventional loans, we perform fulfillment activities for PMT and earn a fee for each loan sold by PMT. In the case of government-insured loans, we purchase them from PMT at PMT's cost plus a sourcing fee and fulfill them for our own account.

    Retail Lending.  Our retail lending business originates new prime credit quality, first-lien residential conventional and government-insured mortgage loans on a national basis to allow customers to purchase or refinance their homes. We conduct this business through a consumer direct model, which relies on the Internet and call center-based staff to acquire and interact with customers across the country. We do not have a "brick and mortar" branch network and have been developing our consumer direct operations with call centers strategically positioned across the United States. We use sophisticated telephony and lead-management software to improve conversion rates, deliver outstanding customer service, manufacture high-quality loans and lower costs.

    Loan Servicing.  Our loan servicing business performs loan administration, collection, and default activities, including the collection and remittance of loan payments; response to customer inquiries; accounting for principal and interest; holding custodial (impound) funds for the payment of property taxes and insurance premiums; counseling delinquent mortgagors; and supervising foreclosures and property dispositions. We service a diverse portfolio of loans both as the owner of MSRs and on behalf of other MSR or mortgage owners. We provide prime servicing for prime loans, conventional and government-insured loans, as well as special servicing for distressed whole loans that have been acquired as investments by our Advised Entities, and loans in "private-label" MBS securities, which are securities issued by institutions that are not affiliated with any Agency.

        During the nine months ended September 30, 2012, we managed PMT's acquisition of approximately $11.5 billion of newly originated, prime credit quality, first-lien residential mortgage loans, of which we purchased approximately $4.8 billion of government-insured loans from PMT for our

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own account. We also originated $302.8 million of residential mortgage loans through our retail channel during the nine months ended September 30, 2012. During the nine months ended September 30, 2012, we increased our portfolio of loans that we serviced or subserviced from approximately $7.7 billion to approximately $18.6 billion.

        During the year ended December 31, 2011, we managed PMT's acquisition of approximately $1.3 billion of newly originated, prime credit quality, first-lien residential mortgage loans, of which we purchased $548.6 million of government-insured loans from PMT for our own account. We also originated $148.8 million of residential mortgage loans through our retail channel during the year ended December 31, 2011. During the year ended December 31, 2011, we increased our portfolio of loans that we serviced or subserviced from approximately $5.4 billion to $7.7 billion.

    Investment Management

        We are an investment manager through our wholly-owned subsidiary, PCM. PCM currently manages PMT and the Investment Funds, which had combined net assets of approximately $1.8 billion as of September 30, 2012. For these activities, we earn management fees as a percentage of net assets and incentive compensation based on investment performance. To date, we have achieved strong investment performance in all Advised Entities largely through the successful execution of PCM's strategy of investing in distressed mortgage loans.

Observations on Current Market Opportunities

        Our businesses are affected by macroeconomic conditions in the United States, including economic growth, unemployment rates, the residential housing market and interest rate levels and expectations. The U.S. economy continues its pattern of modest growth as reflected in recent economic data. According to the Department of Commerce, real U.S. gross domestic product expanded at a revised annual rate of 3.1% during the third quarter of 2012, compared to a revised 1.3% annual rate for the second quarter of 2012 and a revised 2.0% annual rate for the third quarter of 2011. Modest economic growth and pressure on state and federal government spending continued to affect unemployment rates during 2012. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the national unemployment rate was 7.8% at September 30, 2012, the first time the rate was below 8% since January 2009 and compares to a revised seasonally adjusted rate of 9.0% at September 30, 2011 and 8.5% at December 31, 2011. Declining unemployment is partially reflective of a declining workforce labor participation rate. Delinquency rates on single-family residential mortgage loans linger at historically high rates. According to the Federal Reserve's Charge-Off and Delinquency Rates on Loans and Leases at Commercial Banks, delinquency rates during the second quarter of 2012 were 10.6%, a slight reduction from the cyclical high of 11.2% during the first quarter of 2010.

        Residential real estate activity appears to be modestly improving. According to the National Association of Realtors®, the seasonally adjusted annual rate of existing home sales for December 2012 was 12.8% higher than for December 2011 and the national median existing home price for all housing types was $180,800, an 11.5% increase from December 2011. On a national level, foreclosure filings during the third quarter of 2012 decreased 5% as compared to the second quarter of 2012 and 13% as compared to the third quarter of 2011, representing the ninth consecutive quarter with an annual decrease in foreclosure activity.

        According to the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation's Weekly Primary Mortgage Market Survey, thirty-year fixed rate mortgage interest rates ranged from a high of 3.66% to a low of 3.40% during the third quarter of 2012 with the low of 3.40% representing an all-time record low for the thirty-year fixed rate mortgage. During the first nine months of 2012, mortgage interest rates have ranged from a high of 4.08% to the all-time record low of 3.40%. Mortgage interest rates during the third quarter were relatively unchanged until the Federal Reserve began its purchases of mortgage

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securities pursuant to a third round of quantitative easing. During the first nine months of 2011, thirty-year fixed rate mortgage interest rates ranged from a high of 5.05% to a low of 4.01%.

        We believe that the shifting investment and operational priorities of banks and other traditional mortgage lenders have created additional opportunities for our business and the business of PMT. Under current market conditions, these opportunities include the purchase from mortgage lenders of newly originated mortgage loans that are eligible for sale and/or securitization through an Agency.

        In our capacity as an investment manager, we continue to see substantial volumes of distressed residential mortgage loan sales by a limited number of sellers, which remain primarily sales of nonperforming loan pools, with a small but increasing number of sales of troubled but performing loans. During the third quarter of 2012, we reviewed 23 mortgage loan pools on behalf of PMT with unpaid principal balances totaling approximately $3.8 billion for potential purchase. This compares to our review for potential purchase on behalf of PMT and the Investment Funds of 20 mortgage loan pools with unpaid principal balances totaling approximately $3.6 billion during the third quarter of 2011. We managed the acquisition on behalf of PMT of distressed mortgage loans with fair values totaling $150.5 million during the third quarter of 2012, all of which were acquired from or through one or more subsidiaries of Citigroup, Inc.

        During 2011, we reviewed on behalf of PMT and the Investment Funds 88 mortgage loan pools with unpaid principal balances totaling approximately $13.6 billion for potential purchase. During 2011, we managed the acquisitions on behalf of PMT and the Investment Funds of distressed mortgage loans with unpaid principal balances totaling $2.0 billion, of which $1.7 billion was acquired from or through one or more subsidiaries of Citigroup Inc.

    Reporting Metrics and Prospective Trends

        We expect our results of operations to be affected by various factors, many of which are beyond our control. Our primary sources of income are from:

    net servicing income;

    gains on mortgage loans held for sale, including commitments to purchase or originate mortgage loans and the related hedging instruments;

    management fees from PMT and the Investment Funds and carried interest from the Investment Funds; and

    fulfillment fees from PMT.

    Net Servicing Income

        We service loans either through subservicing arrangements with PMT and the Investment Funds or for our own account as a result of our purchase of MSRs and our retention of MSRs associated with the loans that we originate or purchase for sale. Net servicing income includes the fees that we earn as well as the amortization, impairment and changes in fair value that we recognize from holding MSRs. A significant component of our net servicing income is driven by the changes in the fair value of the MSRs that we hold. Changes in the fair value of MSRs are significantly influenced by prepayment expectations and actual prepayments relating to the underlying loans that are, in turn, primarily influenced by mortgage interest rate levels and expectations.

    Loans Serviced for PMT

        Under the terms of our prior loan servicing agreement with PennyMac Operating Partnership, L.P., the operating partnership subsidiary of PMT, servicing fee rates for the historical periods presented in the consolidated financial statements included in this prospectus were based on the risk characteristics

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of the mortgage loans serviced and total servicing compensation was established at levels that management believed was competitive with those charged by other servicers or special servicers, as applicable.

    Subservicing fee rates for distressed loans owned by PMT ranged between 30 and 100 basis points per year of the unpaid principal balance of such loans we subserviced for PMT for all periods prior to February 1, 2013. We were also entitled to certain customary market-based fees and charges, including boarding and deboarding fees, ancillary fees, activity fees, liquidation and disposition fees, assumption, modification fees and late charges, as well as interest on funds on deposit in custodial accounts. In the event we either effected a refinancing of a loan on PMT's behalf and not through a third-party lender and the resulting loan was readily saleable, or originated a loan to facilitate the disposition of real estate that PMT had acquired in settlement of a loan, we were entitled to receive market-based fees and compensation from PMT.

    Subservicing fee rates for mortgage loans acquired by PMT through our correspondent lending business and in respect of which PMT retains the MSRs ranged between 4 and 20 basis points per year of the unpaid principal balance of such loans for all periods prior to February 1, 2013. We were also entitled to other customary market-based fees and charges.

        Effective February 1, 2013, we amended our loan servicing agreement with PMT and established servicing fees at fixed per-loan monthly amounts based on the delinquency, bankruptcy and foreclosure status of the serviced loan or the real estate acquired in settlement of a loan. Amounts for the historical periods presented in the consolidated financial statements included in this prospectus do not reflect the amended agreement, as it was not in effect during the historical periods presented. However, we do not expect the amendment to have a significant effect on the level of fees that we record for loans serviced for PMT. See the description of the new terms of the loan servicing agreement under "Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions—Servicing Agreements."

    Loans Serviced for Investment Funds

        Our servicing agreements with the Investment Funds generally provide for fee revenue of between 45 and 100 basis points of unpaid principal balance per year, which varies depending on the type and quality of the loans being serviced. We are also entitled to certain customary market-based fees and charges.

        Under the servicing agreements between us and the Investment Funds, on December 31, 2011 and at the end of every calendar year thereafter, we will also rebate to the Investment Funds an amount equal to the cumulative profit, if any, of the servicing operations attributable to the Investment Funds' assets, and, conversely, charge the Investment Funds if a loss has been incurred in order to effect overall "at cost" pricing with respect to loan servicing activities for such assets.

        Under the agreements, we will also rebate to the Investment Funds 50% of any profit generated from loan originations resulting from the refinancing of, or modification activities with respect to, loans that we subservice on behalf of the Investment Funds. This arrangement was changed effective January 1, 2012 with respect to one of the Investment Funds, whereby we settled our accrued servicing fee rebate with the fund and amended the related servicing agreement to charge scheduled servicing fees in place of the previous "at cost" servicing arrangement. We record the net rebate amounts as earned or incurred.

        On our account, as well as on behalf of PMT and the Investment Funds, we participate in HAMP (and other similar mortgage loan modification programs). HAMP establishes standard loan modification guidelines for "at risk" homeowners and provides incentive payments to certain participants, including loan servicers, for achieving modifications and successfully remaining in the program. Our loan servicing agreements entitle us to retain any incentive payments that we receive and

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to which we are entitled under HAMP; provided, however, that with respect to any such incentive payments paid to us under HAMP in connection with a mortgage loan modification for which we previously were paid an incentive fee by PMT or the Investment Funds, we will reimburse PMT or the Investment Fund an amount equal to the lesser of such modification fee or such incentive payments.

    Loans Serviced for Non-affiliates

        Our servicing agreements with non-affiliates were initially primarily special servicing arrangements with non-affiliated entities in support of mortgage securitizations and provided for servicing fees of approximately 50 basis points per year of the UPB of the loans. Beginning late in 2011, as our correspondent lending activities began to grow, the primary composition of our servicing for non-affiliates began to shift from special servicing to prime servicing—primarily of government-insured or guaranteed loans included in pools of loans securing Ginnie Mae-guaranteed securities that we originated through our correspondent lending activities and sold to third parties on a servicing-retained basis. Such loans have contractual servicing fee rates ranging from 19 to 44 basis points net of guarantee fees. As with other servicing arrangements, we are also entitled to ancillary fees such as late charges and other fees allowable for government-insured or guaranteed loans.

    Valuation, Amortization, Impairment and Change in Estimated Fair Value of Mortgage Servicing Rights

        MSRs represent the value of a contract that obligates us to service the mortgage loans on behalf of the owner of the loan in exchange for servicing fees and the right to collect certain ancillary income from the borrower. We recognize MSRs at our estimate of the fair value of the contract to service the loans.

        How much of the MSR we realize in cash depends upon how our initial estimates of the future cash flows accruing to the MSRs are realized. As economic fundamentals influencing the loans change, our estimate of the fair value of the related MSR we retain will also change. As a result, we will record changes in fair value as a component of net servicing income for the MSRs we carry at fair value, and we may recognize changes in fair value relating to our MSRs carried at the lower of amortized cost or fair value depending on the relationship of the asset's fair value to its amortized cost at the measurement date. See "Note 8—Fair Value" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2011 for key assumptions used in determining the fair value of MSRs at the time of the initial recognition and at period end for the periods covered by our financial statements.

        After the initial recognition of MSRs, we account for such assets based on the initial interest rates of the mortgage loans underlying the respective MSRs. We account for MSRs differently based on whether the interest rates of the mortgage loans underlying such assets are above 4.5% because we have concluded that mortgage loans with initial interest rates of 4.5% or less present different risks to us than MSRs relating to mortgage loans with initial interest rates of more than 4.5% and, therefore, require a different risk management approach. Our risk management efforts relating to MSRs relating to mortgage loans with initial interest rates of 4.5% or less are aimed at moderating the effects of non-interest rate risks on fair value, such as the effect of changes in home prices on the assets' values. Our risk management efforts in connection with MSRs relating to mortgage loans with initial interest rates of more than 4.5% are aimed at moderating the effects of changes in interest rates on the assets' values.

        We account for MSRs relating to mortgage loans with initial interest rates of more than 4.5% at fair value. Changes in the fair value of MSRs carried at fair value are included in current period results of operations as a component of net servicing income.

        We account for MSRs relating to mortgage loans with initial interest rates of less than or equal to 4.5% using the amortization method. Under the amortization method, we amortize the cost of MSRs in

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proportion to, and over the period of, net servicing income for the mortgage loans underlying the respective assets.

        We also evaluate MSRs accounted for using the amortization method for impairment with reference to the assets' fair value at the measurement date. Impairment occurs when the current fair value of the MSR falls below the asset's carrying value (carrying value is the amortized cost reduced by any related valuation allowance). If MSRs are impaired, the impairment is recognized in current period earnings and the carrying value of the MSRs is adjusted through a valuation allowance. If the value of impaired MSRs subsequently increases, we recognize the increase in value in current period earnings and, through a reduction in the valuation allowance, adjust the carrying value of the MSRs to a level not in excess of amortized cost.

        When evaluating MSRs for impairment, we stratify the assets by predominant risk characteristic including loan type (fixed-rate or adjustable-rate) and note rate. We stratify fixed-rate loans into note rate pools of 50 basis points for note rates between 3.0% and 4.5% and a single pool for note rates below 3%. We evaluate adjustable-rate mortgage loans with initial interest rates of 4.5% or less in a single pool.

        We periodically review the various impairment strata to determine whether the value of the impaired MSRs in a given stratum is likely to recover. When we deem recovery of the value to be unlikely in the foreseeable future, a write-down of the cost of the MSRs for that stratum to its estimated recoverable value is charged to the valuation allowance.

        Amortization and impairment of MSRs accounted for using the amortization method are included in current period results of operations as a component of net servicing income.

        For more information on the key assumptions used in determining the fair value of MSRs at the time of initial recognition for the historical periods presented in the consolidated financial statements included in this prospectus, see "Note 8—Fair Value—Mortgage Servicing Rights" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2011 and "Note 7—Fair Value—Mortgage Servicing Rights" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 and 2012.

    Gain on Mortgage Loans Held for Sale

        When we sell our mortgage loans, we record a gain or loss which is determined by the nature and terms of the transaction. The gain or loss that we realize on the sale of loans acquired through our mortgage lending activities is primarily determined by the price paid for purchased loans or the terms of originated loans, the effect of any hedging and other risk management activities that we undertake, the sales price of the loan and the value of any MSRs received in the transaction. Gain on mortgage loans held for sale is significantly influenced by mortgage loan prepayment activity which is, in turn, significantly influenced by the level and direction of mortgage interest rates. Certain of these factors are beyond our control.

        Our gain on mortgage loans held for sale includes both cash and non-cash elements. We receive proceeds on sale that include both cash and our estimate of the value of MSRs. We also provide an estimate of our losses relating to representations and warranties that we make to the investors.

        We recognize the fair value of loan commitments we make to borrowers and commitments to PMT to purchase government-insured loans. We refer to these commitments as interest rate lock commitments, or IRLCs. We recognize the value of these commitments upon their issuance, which is generally before we purchase the mortgage loans subject to the commitment. We presently issue interest rate lock commitments with commitment periods ranging to sixty days. The value that we assign to an IRLC is estimated based on our estimated gain on sale of a mortgage loan funded under the commitment, adjusted for the probability that the loan will fund or be purchased within the terms

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of the IRLC. The IRLC is subject to changes in fair value as the loan approaches funding, as market interest rates for similar loans change and as our assessment of the probability of the funding of mortgage loans at similar points in the origination process changes. The value of an IRLC can be either positive or negative, depending on the relationship of the mortgage loan's interest rates to current market rates for similar mortgage loans.

        The primary factor influencing the probability that the loan will fund within the terms of the IRLC is the change, if any, in mortgage interest rates subsequent to the commitment date. In general, the probability of funding increases if current rates rise and decreases if current rates fall. This is due primarily to the relative attractiveness of current mortgage interest rates compared to the applicant's committed rate. The probability that a loan will fund within the terms of the IRLC is also influenced by the source of the application, age of the application, purpose of the loan (purchase or refinance) and the application approval rate. We have developed closing ratio estimates using empirical data that take into account all of these variables, as well as renegotiations of rate and point commitments that tend to occur when mortgage interest rates fall. These closing ratio estimates are used to calculate the aggregate balance of loans that we expect to fund within the terms of the IRLCs.

        We manage the risk created by IRLCs relating to mortgage loans and by our inventory of mortgage loans held for sale by entering into forward sale agreements to sell the mortgage loans and by the purchase and sale of MBS options and futures. Such agreements are accounted for as derivative instruments.

        We account for our derivative financial instruments as free-standing derivatives. We do not designate our forward sale agreements or options and futures for hedge accounting. We recognize all of our derivative financial instruments on the balance sheet at fair value with changes in the fair value being reported in current period income as a component of net gain on mortgage loans held for sale.

        We also provide for our estimate of the fair value of future losses that we may be required to incur as a result of our breach of representations and warranties provided to the purchasers of the loans we have sold. The representations and warranties require adherence to investor or insurer origination and underwriting guidelines, including but not limited to the validity of the lien securing the loan, property eligibility, borrower credit, income and asset requirements, and compliance with applicable federal, state and local law.

        In the event of a breach of our representations and warranties, we may be required to either repurchase the mortgage loans with the identified defects or indemnify the investor or insurer from its related losses. In such cases, we bear any subsequent credit loss on the mortgage loans. Our losses from representations and warranties may be reduced by any recourse that we have to correspondent lenders that, in turn, had sold such mortgage loans to us through PMT and breached similar or other representations and warranties. In such event, we generally have the right to seek a repurchase or indemnity from that originator through PMT.

        We record a provision for losses relating to such representations and warranties as part of our loan sale transactions. The method we use to estimate the liability for representations and warranties is a function of the representations and warranties given and considers a combination of factors, including, but not limited to, estimated future defaults and loan repurchase rates, the potential severity of loss in the event of defaults and the probability of reimbursement by the correspondent loan seller. We establish a liability at the time loans are sold and continually update our liability estimate.

        The level of the liability for losses from representations and warranties is difficult to estimate and requires considerable management judgment. The level of mortgage loan repurchase losses is dependent on economic factors, investor repurchase demand strategies, and other external conditions that may change over the lives of the underlying loans. Our representations and warranties are generally not subject to stated limits of exposure. However, we believe that the current unpaid principal

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balance of loans that we have sold to date represents the maximum exposure to repurchases related to representations and warranties.

        We evaluate the adequacy of our liability for losses from representations and warranties based on our loss experience and our assessment of future losses to be incurred relating to loans that we have previously sold and which remain outstanding at the balance sheet date. As our portfolio of loans sold subject to representations and warranties grows and as economic fundamentals change, such adjustments can be material. However, we believe that our current estimates adequately approximate the future losses to be incurred on our servicing portfolio of mortgage loans sold subject to such representations and warranties.

        For more information on our estimates of our liability for representations and warranties for the historical periods presented in the consolidated financial statements included in this prospectus, see "Note 16—Liability for Representations and Warranties" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2011 and "Note 15—Liability for Representations and Warranties" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 and 2012.

    Management Fees and Carried Interest

        In our investment management activities, we earn management fees from PMT and we earn management fees and carried interest from the Investment Funds.

        The management fees that we are entitled to receive from PMT have two components: a base component and a performance incentive component. Under our prior management agreement with PMT, which was effective during the historical periods presented in the consolidated financial statements included in this prospectus, the terms of the two components were as follows:

    Base component.  The base component was calculated at the annual rate of 1.5% of shareholders' equity (as defined in the management agreement). Effective May 16, 2012, we amended our management agreement with PMT to change the way that shareholders' equity was measured for purposes of calculating the base component of our management fee. Previously, the measure of PMT's shareholders' equity excluded unrealized gains, losses or other non-cash items reflected in PMT's financial statements. To better align the base component of our management fee with PMT's investment strategy, we amended the management agreement to base the management fee on shareholders' equity computed using United States generally accepted accounting principles, or U.S. GAAP. The effect of this modification had been to increase the base management fee that we received from PMT since the agreement was amended.

    Performance incentive component.  The performance incentive fee was calculated at 20% per year of the amount by which "core earnings" (as defined in the management agreement, "core earnings" generally represented PMT's net income, adjusted for the effects of unrealized gains and losses recognized in earnings), on a rolling four-quarter basis and before the incentive fee, exceeded an 8% "hurdle rate." PMT's "core earnings" (as defined) did not exceed the 8% hurdle rate and we therefore did not recognize the incentive component of our management fees.

        Effective February 1, 2013 we amended the terms of our management agreement with PMT. The amendment reduced the annual rate of the base component of the management fee applicable to shareholders' equity in excess of $2.0 billion and it changed the basis on which the performance incentive portion of our management fee is calculated from "core earnings," as defined under the prior agreement, to earnings as determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP. As a result of this change, we expect to recognize the performance incentive portion of our management fee on a go-forward basis

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which we had previously not recognized. See the new terms of this agreement at "Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions—Management Agreements."

        For periods through December 31, 2011, the management fees that we received from the Investment Funds were based on the respective funds' capital commitments. For subsequent periods, the management fees have been based on the lesser of the funds' net asset values or aggregate capital contributions. The base management fees accrue at annual rates ranging from 1.5% to 2.0% of the applicable amounts on which they are based.

        The carried interest that we recognize from the Investment Funds is determined by the Investment Funds' performance and our contractual rights to share in the Investments Funds' returns in excess of the preferred returns accruing to the investors, if any. We recognize carried interest as a participation in the profits in the Investment Funds after the investors in the Investment Funds have achieved a preferred return as defined in the fund agreements. After the investors have achieved the preferred returns specified in the respective fund agreements, a "catch up" return accrues to us until we receive a specified percentage of the preferred return. Thereafter, we participate in future returns in excess of the preferred return at the rates specified in the fund agreements.

        The investment period for the Investment Funds ended on December 31, 2011. The amount of the carried interest that we will receive depends on the Investment Funds' future performance. As a result, the amount of carried interest recorded by us at period end is subject to adjustment based on future results of the Investment Funds. We expect to collect the carried interest when the Investment Funds liquidate. The Investment Funds will continue in existence through December 31, 2016, subject to three one-year extensions by PCM at its discretion, in accordance with the terms of the agreements that govern the Investment Funds.

    Fulfillment Fees from PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

        In connection with our correspondent lending business, we provide certain mortgage banking services to PMT, including fulfillment and disposition-related services, for a fulfillment fee based on a percentage of the UPB of the mortgage loans sold to non-affiliates. In general, the fulfillment fee for such services is based on the type of mortgage loan acquired by PMT and equal to a percentage of the unpaid balance of such mortgage loan.

        Effective February 1, 2013, we terminated our prior amended and restated mortgage banking services agreement with PMT and entered into a new mortgage banking and warehouse services agreement. The new agreement provides for the reimbursement of a portion of the fulfillment fee applicable to PMT's acquisition of mortgage loans in excess of specified monthly thresholds. In the event that PMT acquires mortgage loans with an aggregate UPB in any month greater than $2.5 billion but less than or equal to $5 billion, we have agreed to discount the amount of such fulfillment fees by reimbursing PMT in an amount equal to the product of (i) .025%, (ii) the amount of unpaid principal balance in excess of $2.5 billion, and (iii) the percentage of the aggregate unpaid principal balance relating to mortgage loans for which we collected fulfillment fees in such month. In the event that PMT acquires mortgage loans in any month with an aggregate UPB greater than $5 billion, we have agreed to discount the amount of such fulfillment fees by reimbursing PMT in an amount equal to the product of (i) .05%, (ii) the amount of unpaid principal balance in excess of $5.0 billion, and (iii) the percentage of the aggregate unpaid principal balance relating to mortgage loans for which we collected fulfillment fees in such month. See a further description of the terms of this agreement under "Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions—Mortgage Banking and Warehouse Services Agreements and MSR Recapture Agreement."

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    Expenses

        We incur compensation and overhead expenses necessary to run our business. The level of these expenses depends, in part, on the nature and amount of assets that we manage for our investment management clients, the volume of mortgage loans and mix of such loans between performing and distressed mortgage loans that we service, and the level of loan origination and purchase activity that we manage and conduct for our own account. Many of these expenses (such as certain technology costs and the cost of experienced specialized managers and staff necessary to manage and execute the specialized activities in which we engage) are fixed and require us to operate at an adequate level of activity to operate profitably.

        The following is a summary of the composition of expenses included in the various expense line items:

    Compensation includes salaries, incentive awards, employee benefits and non-cash equity-based compensation that we award certain members of our management.

    Professional services includes expenses that we incur in our loan servicing and origination quality control functions (such as property valuation reviews and third-party underwriting reviews), legal fees and fees we pay for accounting and auditing services.

    Occupancy includes our lease costs, utilities, maintenance and security expenses related to the operation of our facilities.

    Technology includes software licenses and data service subscriptions and telephone and data communications costs.

    Interest includes the expense that we incur in financing our inventory of mortgage loans held for sale and our loan servicing advances.

    Servicing includes expenses related to customer mailings, unreimbursed direct servicing expenses, tax service expenses, document imaging and other expenses directly related to our servicing of mortgage loans.

    Loan origination includes the unreimbursed portion of direct out-of-pocket expenses that we incur in the loan origination process, including collateral review expenses, credit reports and other expenses paid to non-affiliates.

        Our management agreement with PMT provides us with the right to allocate a portion of certain overhead charges to PMT based on PMT's assets as a percentage of the total assets we manage. For the actual expenses allocated to PMT in the historical periods presented in the consolidated financial statements included in this prospectus, refer to the discussion and tables under "—Results of Operations—Expenses Allocated to PMT."

Other Factors Influencing Our Results

        Prepayment Speeds.    Prepayment speeds, as reflected by the constant prepayment rate, vary according to interest rates, the type of investment, conditions in the housing and financial markets, competition and other factors, none of which can be predicted with any certainty. In general, when interest rates rise, it is relatively less attractive for borrowers to refinance their mortgage loans and, as a result, prepayment speeds tend to decrease. This can extend the period over which we earn servicing income but reduce the demand for new mortgage loans. When interest rates fall, prepayment speeds tend to increase, thereby decreasing the value of MSRs and shortening the period over which we earn servicing income but increasing the demand for new mortgage loans.

        Changing Interest Rate Environment.    Generally, when interest rates rise, the value of mortgage loans and interest rate lock commitments decrease while the value of hedging instruments related to

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such loans and commitments increases. When interest rates fall, the value of mortgage loans and interest rate lock commitments increases and the value of hedging instruments related to such loans and commitments decrease. Decreasing interest rates also precipitate increased loan refinancing activity by borrowers seeking to benefit from lower mortgage interest rates.

        Changing Home Prices Affect REO Property Disposition Proceeds.    The state of the real estate market and home prices at the time of sale will determine proceeds from the sale of REO properties. Generally, rising home prices are expected to positively affect our results from REO properties for loans serviced under agreements whereby we retain some risk on REO sales. Conversely, declining real estate prices are expected to negatively affect our results from REO properties. We cannot predict future home prices with any certainty.

        Risk Management Effectiveness—Credit Risk.    We are subject to the risk of potential credit losses on all of the residential mortgage loans that we hold for sale or investment as well as for losses incurred by investors in mortgage loans that we sell to them as a result of breaches of representations and warranties we make as part of the loan sales. The representations and warranties require adherence to investor or guarantor origination and underwriting guidelines, including but not limited to the validity of the lien securing the loan, property eligibility, borrower credit, income and asset requirements, and compliance with applicable federal, state and local law. The level of mortgage loan repurchase losses is dependent on economic factors, investor repurchase demand strategies, and other external conditions that may change over the lives of the underlying loans.

        Risk Management Effectiveness—Interest Rate Risk.    Because changes in interest rates may significantly affect our activities, our operating results will depend, in large part, upon our ability to effectively manage interest rate risks and prepayment risks, including risk arising from the change in value of our inventory of mortgage loans held for sale and commitments to fund mortgage loans and related hedging derivative instruments, as well the effects of changes in interest rates on the value of our investment in MSRs. See "—Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk" for a discussion on the effects of changes in interest rates on the recorded value of our MSRs.

        Liquidity.    Our ability to operate profitably is dependent on both our access to capital to finance our assets and our ability to profitably sell and service mortgage loans. An important source of capital for the residential mortgage industry is warehouse financing facilities. These facilities provide funding to mortgage loan producers until the loans are sold to investors or securitized in the secondary mortgage loan market. Our ability to hold loans pending sale and/or securitization depends, in part, on the availability to us of adequate financing lines of credit at suitable interest rates. During any period in which a borrower is not making payments, if we own the MSR then we may be required to advance our own funds to meet contractual principal and interest remittance requirements for investors and advance costs of protecting the property securing the investors' loan and the investors' interest in the property. We finance a portion of these advances under bank lines of credit. The ability to obtain capital to finance our servicing advances at appropriate interest rates influences our ability to profitably service delinquent loans. See "—Liquidity and Capital Resources" and "—Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Aggregate Contractual Obligations—Debt Obligations."

        Servicing Effectiveness.    In cases where we own the MSR, our servicing fee rates for loans serviced for non-affiliates are generally at specified servicing rates that do not change with a loan's performance status. As a mortgage loan becomes delinquent and moves through the delinquency process to settlement through acquisition of the property or partial payoff, the loan requires greater effort on our part to service. Increased mortgage delinquencies, defaults and foreclosures will therefore result in a higher cost to service those loans due to the increased time and effort required to collect payments from delinquent borrowers. Therefore, how efficiently we are able to maintain the credit quality of our portfolio of serviced mortgage loans and address the mortgage loans where the borrower has defaulted influences the level of expenses that we incur in the mortgage loan servicing process.

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Critical Accounting Policies

        We have identified the following to be our most critical accounting policies:

    Valuation of Financial Instruments

        We have elected to record our non-cash financial assets at fair value and group them in three levels, based on the markets in which the assets are traded and the reliability of the assumptions used to determine fair value. These levels are:

    Level 1—Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

    Level 2—Prices determined using other significant observable inputs. Observable inputs are inputs that other market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability and are developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of us. These may include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, interest rates, prepayment speeds, credit risk and others.

    Level 3—Prices determined using significant unobservable inputs. In situations where quoted prices or observable inputs are unavailable (for example, when there is little or no market activity for an investment at the end of the period), unobservable inputs may be used. Unobservable inputs reflect our assumptions about the factors that market participants use in pricing an asset or liability, and are based on the best information available under the circumstances.

        The valuation method used to estimate fair value may produce a fair value measurement that may not be indicative of ultimate realizable value. Furthermore, while we believe our valuation methods are appropriate and consistent with those used by other market participants, the use of different methods or assumptions to estimate the fair value of certain financial statement items could result in a different estimate of fair value at the reporting date. Those estimated values may differ significantly from the values that would have been used had a readily available market for such items existed, or had such items been liquidated, and those differences could be material to the financial statements.

    Mortgage Loans Held for Sale and Related Derivative Financial Instruments

        Mortgage loans held for sale are carried at their estimated fair values. Changes in the estimated fair value of mortgage loans are recognized in current period income. All changes in fair value are recognized as a component of gain on mortgage loans held for sale at fair value. Fair value of mortgage loans is estimated based on whether the mortgage loans are saleable into active markets with established counterparties and transparent pricing.

    Mortgage loans that are saleable into active markets are categorized as "Level 2" fair value financial statement items and their fair values are estimated using their quoted market price or market price equivalent.

    Loans that are not saleable into active markets are categorized as "Level 3" fair value financial statement items, and their fair values are estimated using a discounted cash flow valuation model. Inputs to the model include current interest rates, loan amount, payment status and property type, and forecasts of future interest rates, home prices, prepayment speeds, defaults and loss severities. The estimates of value are made by our financial analysis and valuation group and reviewed and approved by our senior management valuation committee.

        Our interest rate lock commitments are categorized as a "Level 3" fair value financial statement item. Inputs to the estimation of the fair value of interest rate lock commitments include the pull-through rate and MSR value, which we classify as "Level 3" inputs. Changes in the value of interest rate lock commitments are included in gain on mortgage loans held for sale at fair value.

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        The derivative financial instruments that we acquire to manage the price risk arising from making interest rate lock commitments and holding mortgage loans held for sale at fair value are categorized as "Level 2" financial statement items and their fair values are estimated using quoted market prices or market price equivalents. Changes in the fair value of derivatives used to manage price risk are included in gain on mortgage loans held for sale at fair value.

    Mortgage Servicing Rights

        We recognize MSRs initially at their estimated fair values, either from sales of mortgage loans where we retain the right to service the loan in the sale transaction, or from the purchase of MSRs. MSRs arise from contractual agreements between us and the investors (or their agents) in mortgage securities and mortgage loans. Under these contracts, we are responsible for loan servicing functions in exchange for fees and other remuneration. The servicing functions typically performed include, among other responsibilities, collecting and remitting loan payments; responding to borrower inquiries; accounting for principal and interest; holding custodial (impound) funds for payment of property taxes and insurance premiums; counseling delinquent mortgagors; and supervising the acquisition of real estate collateralizing the mortgage loans in settlement thereof and property dispositions.

        The value of MSRs is derived from the net positive cash flows associated with the servicing contracts. We receive a servicing fee generally of 0.25% annually on the remaining outstanding principal balances of the loans subject to the servicing contracts. The servicing fees are collected from the monthly payments made by the mortgagors. We generally receive other remuneration including rights to various mortgagor-contracted fees such as late charges, collateral reconveyance charges and loan prepayment penalties, and we are generally entitled to retain the interest earned on funds held pending remittance for mortgagor payments.

        The precise fair value of MSRs cannot be readily determined because MSRs are not actively traded in stand-alone markets. Considerable judgment is required to estimate the fair values of these assets and the exercise of such judgment can significantly affect our earnings. MSR values are estimated by our financial analysis and valuation group and are reviewed and approved by our senior management valuation committee. Therefore, we classify our MSRs as "Level 3" fair value financial statement items.

        We use a discounted cash flow approach to estimate the fair value of MSRs. This approach consists of projecting servicing cash flows discounted at a rate that we assume market participants would use in their determinations of value. The cash flow and prepayment assumptions used in our discounted cash flow model are based on market factors which we believe are consistent with assumptions and data used by market participants valuing similar MSRs.

        The key assumptions used in the valuation of MSRs include mortgage prepayment speeds, cost to service the loans and discount rates. These variables can, and generally do, change from period to period as market conditions change.

        Our subsequent accounting for MSRs is based on the class of MSRs. We have identified two classes of MSRs: MSRs backed by mortgage loans with initial interest rates of less than or equal to 4.5% and MSRs backed by mortgage loans with initial interest rates of more than 4.5%. MSRs backed by mortgage loans with initial interest rates of less than or equal to 4.5% are accounted for using the amortization method. MSRs backed by loans with initial interest rates of more than 4.5% are accounted for at fair value with changes in fair value recorded in current period income. We distinguish between these classes of MSRs due to their differing sensitivities to changes in value as a result of changes in interest rates.

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    MSRs Accounted for Using the MSR Amortization Method

        We amortize MSRs accounted for using the amortization method. MSR amortization is determined by applying the ratio of the net MSR cash flows projected for the current period to the estimated total remaining net MSR cash flows. The estimated total net MSR cash flows are determined at the beginning of each month using prepayment assumptions applicable at that time.

        We assess MSRs accounted for using the amortization method for impairment monthly. Impairment occurs when the current fair value of the MSR falls below the asset's carrying value (carrying value is the amortized cost reduced by any related valuation allowance). If MSRs are impaired, we recognize the impairment in current-period earnings and adjust the carrying value of the MSRs through a valuation allowance. If the value of impaired MSRs subsequently increases, we recognize the increase in value in current-period earnings and we adjust the carrying value of the MSRs through a reduction in the valuation allowance. Carrying value is not increased above amortized cost.

        We stratify our MSRs by predominant risk characteristic when evaluating for impairment. For purposes of performing our MSR impairment evaluation, we stratify our servicing portfolio on the basis of certain risk characteristics, including loan type (fixed-rate or adjustable-rate) and note rate. We stratify fixed-rate loans into note rate pools of 50 basis points for note rates between 3.0% and 4.5% and a single pool for note rates below 3%. If the fair value of MSRs in any of the note rate pools is below the carrying value of the MSRs for that pool, we recognize impairment to the extent of the difference between the estimated fair value and the existing valuation allowance for that pool.

        We periodically review the various impairment strata to determine whether the value of the impaired MSRs in a given stratum is likely to recover. When we deem recovery of the value to be unlikely in the foreseeable future, a write-down of the cost of the MSRs for that stratum to its estimated recoverable value is charged to the valuation allowance.

        Amortization and impairment of MSRs are included in current period results of operations as a component of net servicing income.

    MSRs Accounted for at Fair Value

        Changes in fair value of MSRs accounted for at fair value are recognized in current period results of operations as a component of net servicing income.

    Carried Interest Due from Investment Funds

        We may earn carried interest from each of the Investment Funds in which we have a general partnership interest or other carried interest arrangement. See "—Reporting Metrics and Prospective Trends—Net Servicing Income" and "—Reporting Metrics and Prospective Trends—Management Fees and Carried Interest." We determine the amount of carried interest to be recorded each period based on the cash flows that would be produced assuming termination of the Investment Funds' agreements at each period end.

        The amount of the carried interest received by us depends on the Investment Funds' future performance. As a result, the amount of carried interest recorded by us at period end is subject to adjustment based on future results of the Investment Funds and may be reduced as a result of subsequent performance. However, we are not required to pay guaranteed returns to the Investment Funds and the amount of carried interest will only be reversed to the extent of amounts previously recognized.

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    Stock-Based Compensation

        We have historically had three formal equity compensation plans:

    A common equity compensation plan under which up to 15% of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC's total equity may be issued to key members of management in the form of common units. Common units are subordinate to our preferred units. The common units vest over a three-or four-year period. Vesting of four-year awards starts on the grantees' date of hire. Vesting of three-year awards begins on the award date. Several of our key management members have received common units.

    A Class C common equity plan that provides for awards of up to 3% of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC's total equity to key management members in our correspondent lending business. Class C common units vest over four years and upon the satisfaction of certain performance thresholds.

    The 2011 Equity Incentive Plan under which we will grant common equity units of Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC to key employees. These common units are fully vested upon their grant date, which occurs following a period of service to the Company. The first units earned under the 2011 Equity Incentive Plan will be issued in 2013 and effective as of January 1, 2013.

        In addition, we have allowed certain of our employees to purchase preferred units of equity, which are subject to repurchase rights upon a termination of employment, but were not issued under one of the plans listed above.

        No further awards will be made under these plans following the consummation of this offering. We recognize compensation expense relating to our common equity compensation plans with reference to the fair value of the common units we award. The fair value of the common units is estimated by discounting forecasted cash flows (dividends and value from a hypothetical sale of the Company) to the holders of the units. We use assumptions that we believe would be used by market participants when valuing our Company. The assumptions we use to forecast the cash flows include: our short and long-term growth rates, discount rate, and the percentage of our income that we distribute.

        We estimate the fair value of awards under the Class C common equity plan and the 2011 Equity Incentive Plan using an option pricing approach. Under this approach, our various classes of units are valued as call options based on their respective claims on our assets. The characteristics of the unit classes, as determined by the unit agreements and our limited liability company agreement, determine the respective units' claims on our assets relative to each other and the other components of our capital structure. We perform periodic valuations to establish the fair value of awards under the Class C common equity plan and the 2011 Equity Incentive Plan.

        We amortize the fair value of share-based awards to compensation expense using a graded vesting method. Under the graded vesting calculation, compensation expense is recognized over the requisite service period for each separate vesting of a previously granted award.

        We have elected to opt out of the extended transition period for an emerging growth company under the JOBS Act to comply with new or revised accounting standards pursuant to Section 107(b) of the JOBS Act. This election is irrevocable.

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Results of Operations

        Set forth below is a summary of our results of operations for the periods indicated.

 
  Year ended
December 31,
  Nine months ended
September 30,
 
 
  2011   2010   2012   2011  
 
  (in thousands)
 

Revenue

                         

Net servicing income:

                         

Loan servicing fees:

                         

From PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

  $ 13,204   $ 2,989   $ 13,163   $ 9,152  

From Investment Funds

    14,523     9,474     9,130     10,990  

Mortgage servicing rebate (to) from Investment Funds

    (2,772 )   1,162     (407 )   (569 )

From non-affiliates

    11,493     11,431     10,824     8,513  

From borrowers—ancillary fees

    1,657     1,345     1,613     1,224  
                   

Total

    38,105     26,401     34,323     29,310  

Amortization, impairment and change in estimated fair value of mortgage servicing rights

    (9,438 )   (400 )   (8,977 )   (6,400 )
                   

Net servicing income

    28,667     26,001     25,346     22,910  

Net gains on mortgage loans held for sale at fair value

    13,029     2,008     68,487     3,895  

Loan origination fees

    669     734     5,439     461  

Management fees:

                         

From PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

    8,456     5,484     9,847     7,043  

From Investment Funds

    9,943     9,943     7,199     7,457  

Carried interest from Investment Funds

    12,596     24,654     7,254     10,348  

Fulfillment fees from PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

    1,744         31,097     358  

Interest

    1,532     195     2,039     584  

Other

    23     210     632     (67 )
                   

Total revenue

    76,659     69,229     157,340     52,989  
                   

Expenses

                         

Compensation

    47,479     25,412     77,756     31,316  

Professional services

    3,867     2,244     3,538     2,604  

Occupancy

    1,985     938     1,078     1,788  

Technology

    1,979     1,959     3,161     1,529  

Interest

    1,875     790     4,227     806  

Servicing

    2,344     2,167     2,438     1,619  

Loan origination

    185     150     1,803     404  

Other

    2,246     2,527     2,890     1,443  
                   

Total expenses

    61,960     36,187     96,891     41,509  
                   

Net income

  $ 14,699   $ 33,042   $ 60,449   $ 11,480  
                   

    Comparison of the nine months ended September 30, 2011 and 2012 (dollar amounts under this caption are in thousands)

        Total loan servicing fees increased $5,013 from $29,310 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $34,323 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The increase was due to an increase of $4,011 in loan servicing fees from PMT due to growth in the volume of loans we subservice for PMT, an increase of $2,311 in loan servicing fees from non-affiliates due to growth in our portfolio of loans serviced as a result of our increasing sales of mortgage loans with servicing rights retained and an

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increase of $389 in ancillary fees due to growth in the portfolio of mortgage loans serviced, partially offset by a decrease in loan servicing fees from Investment Funds of $1,860. This decrease was due to the decrease in the principal balance in the Investment Funds' mortgage loan portfolios as these portfolios liquidate following the end of the related commitment periods on December 31, 2011.

        Set forth below is information about our loan servicing portfolio as of September 30, 2011 and 2012.

 
  As of September 30,  
 
  2012   2011  
 
  (in thousands)
 

Loans serviced at period end (unpaid balance):

             

Prime servicing:

             

Subserviced for our Advised Entities—Originated

  $ 6,875,026   $ 79,587  

Owned MSRs—Originated

    5,876,517     428,420  

Owned MSRS—Acquisitions

    1,087,385     1,501,846  
           

Total Prime servicing

    13,838,928     2,009,853  

Special servicing:

             

Subserviced for our Advised Entities—Acquisitions

    3,438,853     3,322,581  

Owned MSRS—Acquisitions

    1,322,173     1,535,259  
           

Total Special servicing

    4,761,026     4,857,840  
           

Total loans serviced

  $ 18,599,954   $ 6,867,693  
           

        Mortgage servicing rebate to Investment Funds decreased $162 from $(569) for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $(407) for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The decrease was due to decreases in our per-loan servicing costs as a result of scaling efficiencies that we are realizing through the growth in our mortgage servicing operations.

        Amortization, impairment and change in estimated fair value of mortgage servicing rights increased $2,577 from $6,400 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $8,977 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The increase was due to growth in our investment in MSRs which increases the level of assets subject to amortization, compounded by decreases in prevailing mortgage interest rates during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2011. This decrease in mortgage interest rates caused decreases in the fair value of our investment in MSRs and we recognized impairment resulting from this decrease in fair value.

        Net gains on mortgage loans held for sale at fair value increased $64,592 from $3,895 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $68,487 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The increase was due to growth in the volume of mortgage loans that we sold during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2011. The net gain for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 included $3,193 in fair value of MSRs received as part of proceeds on sales. The net gain for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 included $51,006 in fair value of MSRs received as part of proceeds on sales.

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        We recognized gains on mortgage loans held for sale as summarized below.

 
  Nine months ended
September 30,
 
 
  2012   2011  
 
  (in thousands)
 

Cash gain (loss) on sale:

             

Loan proceeds

  $ 49,695   $ 4,536  

Hedging activities

    (40,276 )   (2,998 )
           

    9,419     1,538  
           

Non-cash gains (losses):

             

Mortgage servicing rights received as proceeds on sale

    51,006     3,193  

Provision for representations and warranties on loans sold

    (1,856 )   (124 )

Change in fair value of commitments to fund mortgage loans

    25,527     1,099  

Change in fair value relating to loans and hedging instruments held for sale at year-end:

             

Loans

    8,637     577  

Hedging activities

    (24,246 )   (2,388 )
           

Total non-cash changes in fair value relating to loans and hedging instruments held at year-end

    (15,609 )   (1,811 )
           

Total non-cash changes in fair value

    59,068     2,357  
           

Net gains on mortgage loans held for sale at fair value

  $ 68,487   $ 3,895  
           

Fair value of loans sold during the period

  $ 5,144,533   $ 238,694  
           

At period end:

             

Fair value of mortgage loans held for sale

  $ 410,071        
             

Commitments to fund and purchase mortgage loans

  $ 1,470,590        
             

        Loan origination fees increased $4,978 from $461 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $5,439 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The increase was due to growth in the volume of loans originated in our retail lending business.

        Management fees from PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust increased $2,804 from $7,043 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $9,847 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The increase was due to increases in PMT's shareholders' equity upon which the management fee is based. Management fees from Investment Funds decreased $258 from $7,457 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $7,199 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The decrease was due to decreases in the Investment Funds' net asset values as a result of the end of the Investment Funds' commitment periods at December 31, 2011 as well as subsequent distributions to the funds' investors, which together reduced the investment base on which the management fees are based.

        Carried interest from Investment Funds decreased $3,093 from $10,348 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $7,254 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The decrease was due to the close of the Investment Funds' commitment periods.

        Fulfillment fees from PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust increased $30,739 from $358 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $31,097 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The increase was due to growth in the volume of loans for which we provided fulfillment services to PMT.

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        Interest income increased $1,455 from $584 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $2,039 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The increase was due to the increase in our average inventory of mortgage loans held for sale as a result of the growth in our loan production activities, and primarily relates to the interest that we earned on mortgage loans during the period for which we held the loans pending sale.

        Other income increased $699 from $(67) for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $632 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The increase was primarily due to appreciation in the value of our investment in common shares of PMT. As of both September 30, 2011 and September 30, 2012, we held 75,000 common shares of PMT.

        Compensation expense increased $46,440 from $31,316 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $77,756 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The increase was due to the development of and growth in our mortgage banking segment as well as growth in the level of assets serviced for PMT and the Investment Funds. Below is a summary of our headcount as of the respective period ends:

 
  Nine months ended
September 30,
 
 
  2012   2011  

Average headcount (including temporary and contract personnel)

    620     285  
           

Period-end headcount

    834     364  
           

        Professional services expense increased $934 from $2,604 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $3,538 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The increase was due to growth in the size of our operations.

        Occupancy expense decreased $710 from $1,788 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $1,078 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The decrease was due to the non-recurrence of a lease abandonment charge of $1,155 we recorded during the nine months ended September 30, 2011. We incurred this charge due to our relocation from our previous corporate facility, which we had outgrown.

        Technology expense increased $1,632 from $1,529 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $3,161 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The increase was due to growth in the size of our operations.

        Interest expense increased $3,421 from $806 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $4,227 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The increase in interest expense reflects increases in borrowings incurred to finance the growth of our loan production activities and, to a lesser extent, to finance our servicing advances and a portion of our own MSRs.

        Servicing expense increased $819 from $1,619 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $2,438 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The increase was due to growth in our mortgage servicing portfolio.

        Loan origination expense increased $1,399 from $404 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $1,803 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The increase was due to growth in our loan origination volume.

        Other expense increased $1,447 from $1,443 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $2,890 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The increase was due to growth in the size of our operations.

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    Expenses Allocated to PMT

        Expense amounts allocated to PMT during the nine months ended September 30, 2011 and the nine months ended September 30, 2012 are summarized below:

 
  Nine months ended
September 30,
 
 
  2012   2011  
 
  (in thousands)
 

Occupancy

  $ 897   $ 650  

Technology

    568     656  

Depreciation and amortization

    365     210  

Other

    645     896  
           

Total expenses

  $ 2,475   $ 2,412  
           

        The amount of total expenses that we allocated to PMT increased $63 from $2,412 in the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $2,475 in the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The increase was due to growth in our overhead expenses, partly offset by a reduction of PMT's assets in relation to the total assets that we manage, resulting in a smaller portion of our overhead expenses being allocated to PMT.

    Comparison of the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2011 (dollar amounts under this caption are in thousands)

        Total loan servicing fees increased $11,704 from $26,401 for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $38,105 for the year ended December 31, 2011. The increase was due to an increase of $10,215 in loan servicing fees from PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust due to growth in the volume of loans we subservice for PMT, an increase of $5,049 in loan servicing fees from Investment Funds due to growth, both in the volume of mortgage loans we serviced on behalf of the Investment Funds and to growth in activity-based fees we receive from the funds for successful completion of workouts and liquidations of distressed mortgage loans, an increase of $62 in loan servicing fees from non-affiliates due to growth in our portfolio of mortgage loans serviced for non-affiliates, and an increase of $312 in ancillary fees due to growth in the size of our mortgage servicing portfolio.

        Set forth below is information about our loan servicing portfolio as of December 31, 2010 and December 31, 2011.

 
  As of December 31,  
 
  2011   2010  
 
  (in thousands)
 

Loans serviced at period end (unpaid balance):

             

Prime servicing:

             

Subserviced for our Advised Entities—Originated

  $ 496,404   $ 3,865  

Owned MSRs—Originated

    968,406     158,353  

Owned MSRS—Acquisitions

    1,402,676     1,428,970  
           

Total Prime servicing

    2,867,486     1,591,188  

Special servicing:

             

Subserviced for our Advised Entities—Acquisitions

    3,382,205     2,097,141  

Owned MSRS—Acquisitions

    1,486,917     1,670,490  
           

Total Special servicing

    4,869,122     3,767,631  
           

Total loans serviced

  $ 7,736,608   $ 5,358,819  
           

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        Mortgage servicing rebate from Investment Funds decreased $3,934 from $1,162 for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $(2,772) for the year ended December 31, 2011. The decrease was due to decreases in our per-loan servicing costs as a result of scaling efficiencies we are realizing through the growth in our mortgage servicing operations.

        Amortization, impairment and change in estimated fair value of mortgage servicing rights increased $9,038 from $(400) for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $(9,438) for the year ended December 31, 2011. The increase was due to growth in our investment in MSRs which increases the level of assets subject to amortization, compounded by decreases in prevailing mortgage interest rates during 2011 as compared to 2010. This decrease in mortgage interest rates caused decreases in the fair value of our investment in MSRs, and we recognized the resulting decrease in fair value.

        Net gains on mortgage loans held for sale at fair value increased $11,021 from $2,008 for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $13,029 for the year ended December 31, 2011. The increase was due to growth in the volume of mortgage loans we sold during 2011 as compared to 2010. The net gain for the year ended December 31, 2010 included approximately $1,174 in fair value of MSRs received as part of the proceeds on sales. The net gain for the year ended December 31, 2011 included approximately $8,253 in fair value of MSRs received as part of the proceeds on sales. We recognized gains on mortgage loans held for sale as summarized below:

 
  Year ended
December 31,
 
 
  2011   2010  
 
  (in thousands)
 

Cash gain (loss) on sale:

             

Loan proceeds

  $ 182   $ (221 )

Hedging activities

    (8,578 )   (315 )
           

    (8,396 )   (536 )
           

Non-cash changes in fair value:

             

Mortgage servicing rights received as proceeds on sale

    8,253     1,174  

Provision for representations and warranties on loans sold

    (259 )   (51 )

Change in fair value of commitments to fund mortgage loans

    7,919     (24 )

Change in fair value relating to loans and hedging instruments held for sale at year-end:

             

Loans

    393     1,099  

Hedging activities

    5,119     346  
           

Total non-cash changes in fair value relating to loans and hedging instruments held at year-end

    5,512     1,445  
           

Total non-cash changes in fair value

    21,425     2,544  
           

Net gains on mortgage loans held for sale at fair value

  $ 13,029   $ 2,008  
           

Fair value of loans sold during the period

  $ 655,853   $ 56,494  
           

At period end:

             

Fair value of mortgage loans held for sale

  $ 89,857   $ 14,720  
           

Commitments to fund and purchase mortgage loans

  $ 325,752   $ 16,922  
           

        Loan origination fees decreased $65 from $734 for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $669 for the year ended December 31, 2011. The decrease was due to decreases in the level of activity in one of our initial loan origination programs that had significant origination fees, partially offset by increased levels of originations in other loan programs.

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        Management fees from PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust increased $2,972 from $5,484 for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $8,456 for the year ended December 31, 2011. The increase was due to increases in PMT's shareholders' equity upon which the management fee is based. Management fees from Investment Funds remained even at $9,943 for both the year ended December 31, 2010 and the year ended December 31, 2011.

        Carried interest from Investment Funds decreased $12,058 from $24,654 for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $12,596 for the year ended December 31, 2011. We began recording carried interest during the year ended December 31, 2010. During the year ended December 31, 2010, the Investment Funds realized strong performance and we recognized the "catch up" component of our carried interest. Our carried interest in the year ended December 31, 2010 includes both the "catch up" component, totaling approximately $7.8 million and our ratable sharing of the return to the funds in excess of the preferred returns to the funds. Our carried interest income decreased during the year ended December 31, 2011 due in part to the absence of the "catch up" component.

        Fulfillment fees from PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust increased $1,744 from $0 for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $1,744 for the year ended December 31, 2011. The increase was due to growth in the volume of loans for which we provide fulfillment services to PMT.

        Interest income increased $1,337 from $195 for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $1,532 for the year ended December 31, 2011. The increase was due to the increase in our average inventory of mortgage loans held for sale as a result of the growth in our loan production activities, and primarily relates to the interest that we earned on mortgage loans during the period for which we held the loans pending sale.

        Other income decreased $187 from $210 for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $23 for the year ended December 31, 2011. The decrease was due to a decrease in the value of our holdings of common shares of PMT at December 31, 2011 as compared to December 31, 2010. As of both December 31, 2011 and September 31, 2010, we held 75,000 common shares of PMT.

        Compensation expense increased $22,067 from $25,412 for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $47,479 for the year ended December 31, 2011. The increase was due to the development of and growth in our mortgage banking segment as well as growth in the level of assets serviced for PMT and the Investment Funds. Below is a summary of our headcount as of the respective period ends:

 
  Year ended
December 31,
 
 
  2011   2010  

Average headcount (including temporary and contract personnel)

    318     191  
           

Period-end headcount

    447     244  
           

        Professional services expense increased $1,623 from $2,244 for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $3,867 for the year ended December 31, 2011. The increase was due to growth in the size of our operations and the portfolio we service and manage.

        Occupancy expense increased $1,047 from $938 for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $1,985 for the year ended December 31, 2011. The increase was due to growth in the size of our operations.

        Technology expense increased $20 from $1,959 for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $1,979 for the year ended December 31, 2011. The increase was due to growth in the size of our operations.

        Interest expense increased $1,085 from $790 for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $1,875 for the year ended December 31, 2011. The increase in interest expense was due to an increase in borrowing incurred to finance the growth in our loan production activities and, to a lesser extent, to finance our servicing advances and a portion of our MSRs.

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        Servicing expense increased $177 from $2,167 for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $2,344 for the year ended December 31, 2011. The increase was due to growth in the size of our mortgage servicing portfolio.

        Loan origination expense increased $35 from $150 for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $185 for the year ended December 31, 2011. The increase was due to growth in the volume of mortgage loans we originated or purchased during 2011 as compared to 2010.

        Other expense decreased $281 from $2,527 for the year ended December 31, 2010 to $2,246 for the year ended December 31, 2011. The decrease was due to increases in the amount of other expense we allocate to PMT in excess of growth in other expense during the year ended December 31, 2011.

    Expenses Allocated to PMT

        Expense amounts allocated to PMT during the year ended December 31, 2010 and the year ended December 31, 2011 are summarized below:

 
  Year ended
December 31,
 
 
  2011   2010  
 
  (in thousands)
 

Occupancy

  $ 1,091   $ 401  

Technology

    1,094     474  

Other

    1,796     543  
           

Total expenses

  $ 3,981   $ 1,418  
           

        The amount of total expenses that we allocated to PMT increased $2,563 from $1,418 in the year ended December 31, 2010 to $3,981 in the year ended December 31, 2011. The increase was due to growth in our overhead expenses, growth of PMT's assets in relation to the total assets that we manage, resulting in a larger portion of our overhead expenses being allocated to PMT, and the non-recurrence of a waiver by us of our right to recover allocated expenses from PMT for a portion of 2010. During PMT's startup period and through March 31, 2010, we did not charge PMT for its allocated expenses. Such waived expenses totaled approximately $500 for the year ended December 31, 2010. We did not waive any other charges during PMT's startup period and through March 31, 2010 or thereafter. We do not intend to waive the recovery of allocated expenses in the future.

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Other Operating Metrics (dollar amounts under this caption are in thousands)

        Set forth below is a summary of other operating metrics as of and for the dates indicated.

 
  Year ended
December 31,
  Nine months ended
September 30,
 
 
  2011   2010   2012   2011  
 
  (in thousands)
 

Operating Metrics

                         

Net assets under management:

                         

PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust

  $ 546,017   $ 319,913   $ 1,184,203   $ 530,663  

Investment Funds

    620,078     597,248     575,850     608,742  
                   

Total net assets under management

  $ 1,166,095   $ 917,161   $ 1,760,053   $ 1,139,405  
                   

Mortgage loans serviced (unpaid balance):

                         

Servicing rights owned by PLS

  $ 3,649,502   $ 3,242,579   $ 8,058,823   $ 3,446,845  

Subservicing

    4,002,722     2,101,450     10,164,416     3,363,624  

Mortgage loans held for sale

    84,384     14,790     376,215     57,224  
                   

Total mortgage loans serviced

  $ 7,736,608   $ 5,358,819   $ 18,599,954   $ 6,867,693  
                   

Mortgage loan production (unpaid balance):

                         

Government-insured or guaranteed loans acquired from PMT

  $ 548,589   $ 3,268   $ 4,824,972   $ 175,156  

Retail production

    148,812     65,919     302,806     96,811  
                   

Total mortgage loan production

  $ 697,401   $ 69,187   $ 5,127,778   $ 271,967  
                   

Mortgage loan fulfillment volume (unpaid balance)

  $ 505,317   $ 24,067   $ 12,422,435   $ 6,064,165  
                   

    Comparison of operating metrics as of September 30, 2011 and 2012

        Net assets under management for PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust increased $653,540 from $530,663 as of September 30, 2011 to $1,184,203 as of September 30, 2012. The increase was due to increases in PMT's shareholders' equity as a result of share offerings by PMT, supplemented by PMT's retained earnings.

        Net assets under management for Investment Funds decreased $32,892 from $608,742 as of September 30, 2011 to $575,850 as of September 30, 2012. The decrease was due to distributions made by the funds to their investors during the period, following the end of the Investment Funds' commitment periods at December 31, 2011.

        Mortgage loans serviced (unpaid balance) under servicing rights owned by PLS increased $4,611,978 from $3,446,845 as of September 30, 2011 to $8,058,823 as of September 30, 2012. The increase was due to growth in our portfolio of loans serviced as a result of our sales of mortgage loans with servicing rights retained during the period between September 30, 2011 and September 30, 2012.

        Mortgage loans serviced (unpaid balance) under subservicing arrangements increased $6,800,792 from $3,363,624 as of September 30, 2011 to $10,164,416 as of September 30, 2012. The increase was due to growth in the volume of loans we subservice for PMT as the result of growth of PMT's servicing portfolio arising from the correspondent lending operations we manage on its behalf.

        Mortgage loans held for sale (unpaid balance) increased $319,491 from $57,224 as of September 30, 2011 to $376,715 as of September 30, 2012. The increase was due to growth in the volume of mortgage loans we originated or purchased, resulting in an increased inventory of mortgage loans at period end.

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        Mortgage loan production (government-insured or guaranteed loans acquired from PMT) increased $4,649,816 from $175,156 as of September 30, 2011 to $4,824,972 as of September 30, 2012. The increase was due to growth in the volume of mortgage loans we purchased from PMT through our correspondent activities.

        Mortgage loan retail production increased $205,995 from $96,811 as of September 30, 2011 to $302,806 as of September 30, 2012. The increase was primarily due to growth in our portfolio of loans serviced and the resulting growth in our recapture refinance activity.

    Comparison of operating metrics as of December 31, 2010 and 2011

        Net assets under management for PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust increased $226,104 from $319,913 as of December 31, 2010 to $546,017 as of December 31, 2011. The increase was due to increases in PMT's shareholders' equity as a result of share offerings by PMT supplemented by PMT's retained earnings.

        Net assets under management for Investment Funds increased $22,830 from $597,248 as of December 31, 2010 to $620,078 as of December 31, 2011. The increase was due to growth in the investment net asset values primarily as a result of their profitable operations.

        Mortgage loans serviced (unpaid balance) under servicing rights owned by PLS increased $406,923 from $3,242,579 as of December 31, 2010 to $3,649,502 as of December 31, 2011. The increase was due to growth in our portfolio of loans serviced as a result of our sales of mortgage loans with servicing rights retained.

        Mortgage loans serviced (unpaid balance) under subservicing arrangements increased $1,901,272 from $2,101,450 as of December 31, 2010 to $4,002,722 as of December 31, 2011. The increase was primarily due to growth in the volume of loans we subservice for PMT as the result of growth of PMT's servicing portfolio arising from the correspondent lending operations we manage on its behalf.

        Mortgage loans held for sale increased $69,594 from $14,790 as of December 31, 2010 to $84,384 as of December 31, 2011. The increase was due to growth in the volume of mortgage loans we originated or purchased, resulting in an increased inventory of mortgage loans at period end.

        Mortgage loan production (government-insured or guaranteed loans acquired from PMT) increased $545,321 from $3,268 as of December 31, 2010 to $548,589 as of December 31, 2011. The increase was due to growth in the volume of mortgage loans we purchased from PMT through our correspondent activities.

        Mortgage loan retail production increased $82,893 from $65,919 as of December 31, 2010 to $148,812 as of December 31, 2011. The increase was primarily due to growth in our portfolio of loans serviced and the resulting growth in our recapture refinance activity.

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Balance Sheet Analysis (dollar amounts under this caption are in thousands)

        Following is a summary of key balance sheet items as of the dates presented:

 
  December 31,
2011
  December 31,
2010
  September 30,
2012
 
 
  (in thousands)
 

ASSETS

                   

Cash and short-term investments

  $ 32,506   $ 15,241   $ 31,150  

Mortgage loans held for sale at fair value

    89,857     14,720     410,071  

Servicing advances

    63,565     22,811     76,554  

Receivables from affiliates

    19,864     13,687     13,917  

Carried Interest due from Investment Funds

    37,250     24,654     44,504  

Mortgage servicing rights

    32,124     31,957     74,154  

Other assets

    14,115     5,332     52,349  
               

Total assets

  $ 289,281   $ 128,402   $ 702,699  
               

LIABILITIES

                   

Borrowings

  $ 96,302   $ 16,788   $ 395,513  

Other liabilities

    69,064     21,645     105,259  
               

Total liabilities

    165,366     38,433     500,772  
               

MEMBERS' EQUITY

    123,915     89,969     201,927  
               

Total liabilities and members' equity

  $ 289,281   $ 128,402   $ 702,699  
               

    Comparison of balance sheet data as of December 31, 2011 and September 30, 2012

        Total assets increased $413,418 from $289,281 at December 31, 2011 to $702,699 at September 30, 2012. The increase was primarily due to an increase of $320,214 in mortgage loans held for sale at fair value due to growth in the volume of mortgage loans that we originated or purchased, resulting in an increased inventory of mortgage loans at period end, an increase of $42,030 in mortgage servicing rights due to growth in the volume of mortgage loans that we sold with servicing rights retained, resulting in an increase in our investment in MSRs, and an increase of $38,234 in other assets due to growth in the size of our operations, partially offset by a $5,947 decrease in receivables from affiliates due to settlements of amounts outstanding at period end.

        Total liabilities increased by $335,406 from $165,366 as of December 31, 2011 to $500,772 as of September 30, 2012. The increase was due to additional borrowings of $299,211 to finance our asset growth.

    Comparison of balance sheet data as of December 31, 2010 and 2011

        Total assets increased $160,879 from $128,402 as of December 31, 2010 to $289,281 as of December 31, 2011. The increase was primarily due to an increase of $17,265 in cash and short-term investments due to growth in the size of our operations, an increase of $75,137 in mortgage loans held for sale at fair value due to growth in the volume of mortgage loans that we originated or purchased during 2011 as compared to 2010, and an increase of $40,754 in servicing advances due to growth in the size of our mortgage servicing portfolio.

        Total liabilities increased by $126,933 from $38,433 as of December 31, 2010 to $165,366 as of December 31, 2011. The increase was due, in part, to additional borrowings of $79,514 and capital contributions from the issuance of additional preferred units of $15,100 to finance our asset growth.

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Cash Flows (dollar amounts under this caption are in thousands)

    Comparison of Nine Months Ended September 30, 2011 and 2012

        Our cash flows resulted in a net increase in cash of $11,269 during the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The positive cash flows arose primarily due to growth in our operations. Cash used in operating activities totaled $273,853 during the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The decrease in cash flows was primarily due to the growth in our mortgage loan inventory as originations and purchases of loans exceeded proceeds from loan sales by $303,057.

        Net cash used by investing activities was $17,773 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. This use of cash reflects the growth of our investment portfolio and a $27,524 increase in margin deposits resulting from a decline in the value of our hedging instruments due to a decline in interest rates. Offsetting this use of cash was $12,625 in proceeds from short-term investments.

        Net cash provided by financing activities was $302,895 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. Cash provided by financing activities was primarily due to the sale of loans under agreements to repurchase exceeding repurchases of loans sold under agreements to repurchase by $283,778 in order to finance our growth of our mortgage loan inventory.

        Cash used in operating activities totaled $209,512 during the nine months ended September 30, 2011. This decrease in cash flows was primarily due to the growth in our mortgage loan inventory as originations and purchases of loans exceeded loan sales by $206,487.

        Net cash used by investing activities was $5,662 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011. This use of cash reflects $3,289 in cash outflows for short-term investments and $1,353 in purchases of mortgage servicing rights.

        Net cash provided by financing activities was $217,176 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011. Cash provided by financing activities was primarily due to proceeds from sale of loans under agreements to repurchase totaling $165,044 and issuance of the note payable which resulted in cash inflows of $52,729.

    Comparison of Years Ended December 31, 2010 and 2011

        Our cash flows resulted in a net increase in cash of $10,538 during 2011. The positive cash flows arose primarily due to growth in our operations. Cash used in operating activities totaled $74,718 during 2011. This use was primarily due to originations and purchases of mortgage loans held for sale exceeding proceeds from loan sales by $75,417. Cash used by operating activities during 2010 totaled $12,647, and also reflects the effects of growth in our mortgage loan inventory.

        Net cash used by investing activities was $12,389 for 2011. This use of cash reflects the growth of our investment portfolio. We used cash to purchase short-term investments, resulting in a $6,727 increase in balance during 2011. This contrasts with cash used by investing activities totaling $7,176 during 2010, primarily resulting from the purchase of $11,974 in mortgage servicing rights.

        Net cash provided by financing activities was $97,645 for 2011. Cash provided by financing activities was primarily due to proceeds from sale of loans under agreements to repurchases exceeding repurchase of loans sold under agreements to repurchase by $77,700 in order to finance our growth of our mortgage loan inventory, increases in the note payable of $15,103 and $18,908 in capital contributions from the payment of preferred unit subscriptions during the year ended December 31, 2011.

        Our cash flows resulted in a net increase in cash of $2,987 for 2010. The positive cash flows arose primarily due to cash provided by financing activities exceeding cash used by investing and operating activities. Cash used by operating activities totaled $12,647 during 2010. This use of cash was primarily

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due to the cash requirements related to the growth in our balance sheet accounts relating to our operations.

        Net cash used by investing activities was $7,176 for the year ended December 31, 2010. This use of cash primarily reflects the purchase of mortgage servicing rights, offset by reductions in the level of our short-term investments of $5,630 as we converted this asset to operating assets.

        Net cash provided by financing activities was $22,810 for 2010. These funds were primarily the result of $16,074 in borrowing under agreements to repurchase and $8,967 in capital contributions resulting from the issuance of preferred units.

Liquidity and Capital Resources (dollar amounts under this caption are in thousands)

        Our liquidity reflects our ability to meet our current obligations (including our operating expenses and, when applicable, the retirement of, and margin calls relating to, our debt, and margin calls relating to hedges on our commitments to purchase or originate mortgage loans), fund new originations and purchases, and make investments as we identify them. We expect our primary sources of liquidity to be through cash flows from business activities, earnings on our investments and proceeds from borrowings and/or additional equity offerings. Assuming that we are able to renew or increase our warehouse facilities and credit financing in the ordinary course of business, we believe that our current liquidity is sufficient to meet our liquidity needs for at least the next twelve months. However, no assurance can be given that we will be able to do so.

        Our current leverage strategy is to finance our assets where we believe such borrowing is prudent and appropriate. Our borrowing activities are in the form of sales of mortgage loans under agreements to repurchase, and a note payable secured by mortgage servicing rights and servicing advances.

        Our repurchase agreements represent the sales of mortgage loans together with agreements for us to buy back the mortgage loans at a later date. During the nine months ended September 30, 2012, the average balance outstanding under agreements to repurchase mortgage loans totaled $146,425, and the maximum daily amount outstanding under such agreements totaled $361,588. During the year ended December 31, 2011, the average balance outstanding under agreements to repurchase mortgage loans totaled $24,905, and the maximum daily amount outstanding under such agreements totaled $127,593.

        The difference between the maximum and average daily amounts outstanding was due to increases in the sizes and utilization of our existing facilities and our entry into a new credit facility during the quarter ended June 30, 2012, all in support of the growth in our mortgage loan production, investments and correspondent lending activities.

        All of our borrowings discussed above have short-term maturities. The transactions relating to mortgage loans under agreements to repurchase mature between June 25, 2013 and January 2, 2014 and provide for the repurchase from major financial institution counterparties based on the estimated fair value of the mortgage loans sold. Our note payable secured by mortgage servicing rights and loan servicing advances at fair value matures on March 26, 2013.

        Our debt financing agreements require us to comply with various financial covenants. The most significant covenants currently include the following:

    profitability during each calendar quarter;

    a minimum of $10 million in unrestricted cash and cash equivalents;

    a minimum tangible net worth of $90 million;

    a maximum ratio of total liabilities to tangible net worth of less than 10:1; and

    at least one other warehouse or repurchase facility that finances amounts and assets similar to those being financed under our existing debt financing agreements.

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        Although these financial covenants limit the amount of indebtedness that we may incur and impact our liquidity through minimum cash reserve requirements, we believe that these covenants currently provide us with sufficient flexibility to successfully operate our business and obtain the financing necessary to achieve that purpose.

        With respect to our role as subservicer for the Advised Entities, we are also subject to certain covenants under their respective debt agreements. These covenants are similar to those above, with the additional covenant that we must maintain a minimum servicing portfolio of $5 billion in UPB.

        Our debt financing agreements also contain margin call provisions that, upon notice from the applicable lender at its option, require us to transfer cash or, in some instances, additional assets in an amount sufficient to eliminate any margin deficit. A margin deficit will generally result from any decline in the market value (as determined by the applicable lender) of the assets subject to the related financing agreement. Upon notice from the applicable lender, we will generally be required to satisfy the margin call on the day of such notice or within one business day thereafter, depending on the timing of the notice.

        We continue to explore a variety of additional means of financing our continued growth, including debt financing through bank warehouse lines of credit and additional repurchase agreements. However, there can be no assurance as to how much additional financing capacity such efforts will produce, what form the financing will take or whether such efforts will be successful.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Aggregate Contractual Obligations

    Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Guarantees

        As of September 30, 2012, we have not entered into any off-balance sheet arrangements or guarantees.

    Contractual Obligations

        As of September 30, 2012, we had on-balance sheet contractual obligations of $361.5 million to finance assets under agreements to repurchase with maturities between November 5, 2012 and September 23, 2013, and a contractual obligation of $34.4 million relating to a note payable secured by mortgage servicing rights and loan servicing advances at fair value and with a maturity of March 26, 2013. All agreements to repurchase that matured between September 30, 2012 and the date of this prospectus have been renewed or extended. We also lease our primary office facilities under an agreement that expires on February 28, 2017 and we license certain software to support our loan servicing operations.

        Payments under these agreements are summarized below:

 
  Payments due by period  
Contractual Obligations
  Total   Less than
1 year
  1 - 3
years
  3 - 5
years
  More than
5 years
 
 
  (in thousands)
 

Software licenses(1)

  $ 5,478   $ 1,992   $ 3,486   $   $  

Office lease

    11,538     2,633     5,069     3,836      

Loans sold under agreements to repurchase

    361,478     361,478              

Note payable

    34,035     34,035              
                       

Total

  $ 412,529   $ 400,138   $ 8,555   $ 3,836   $  
                       

(1)
Software licenses include both volume and activity-based fees that are dependent on the number of loans serviced during each period and include a base fee of approximately $452,000 per year. Estimated payments for

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    software licenses above are based on the number of loans currently serviced by us, which totaled approximately 81,000 at September 30, 2012. Future amounts due may significantly fluctuate based on changes in the number of loans serviced by us. For the nine months ended September 30, 2012, software license fees totaled $1.5 million. All figures contained in this footnote are in actual amounts and not in thousands (in contrast to the table above).

            The amount at risk (the fair value of the assets pledged plus the related margin deposit, less the amount advanced by the counterparty and accrued interest) relating to our assets sold under agreements to repurchase is summarized by counterparty below as of September 30, 2012:

Counterparty
  Amount at risk  
 
  (in thousands)
 

Citibank, N.A. 

  $ 21,637  

Credit Suisse First Boston Mortgage Capital LLC

    11,774  

Bank of America, N.A. 

    14,997  
       

Total

  $ 48,408  
       

    Debt Obligations

        As described further above in "Liquidity and Capital Resources," we currently finance certain of our assets through borrowings with major financial institution counterparties in the form of sales of mortgage loans under agreements to repurchase, and a note payable secured by mortgage servicing rights and loan servicing advances at fair value. The borrower under each of these facilities is PLS, and all obligations thereunder are guaranteed by Private National Mortgage Acceptance Company, LLC.

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