S-11/A 1 x78062sv11za.htm S-11/A AMENDMENT #4 TO S-11
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As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 14, 2009
Registration Statement No. 333-160481
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
 
Amendment No. 4
to
Form S-11
 
FOR REGISTRATION
UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933
OF SECURITIES OF CERTAIN REAL ESTATE COMPANIES
 
 
 
 
Foursquare Capital Corp.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its governing instruments)
 
 
1345 Avenue of the Americas
New York, New York 10105
(212) 969-1646
(Address, including Zip Code, and Telephone Number, including Area Code, of Registrant’s Principal Executive Offices)
 
 
Jonathan Sobel
c/o Foursquare Capital Corp.
1345 Avenue of the Americas
New York, New York 10105
(212) 969-1646
(Name, Address, including Zip Code, and Telephone Number, including Area Code, of Agent for Service)
 
 
Copies to:
 
     
Steven T. Kolyer, Esq.
Kathleen L. Werner, Esq.
Clifford Chance US LLP
31 West 52nd Street
New York, New York 10019
Tel (212) 878-8000
Fax (212) 878-8375
  Valerie Ford Jacob, Esq.
Paul D. Tropp, Esq.
Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson LLP
One New York Plaza
New York, New York 10004
Tel (212) 859-8000
Fax (212) 859-4000
 
Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: As soon as practicable after the effective date of this registration statement.
 
If any of the Securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act, check the following box.  o
 
If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  o
 
If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  o
 
If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  o
 
If delivery of the prospectus is expected to be made pursuant to Rule 434, check the following box.  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
             
Large accelerated filer o
  Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filer þ
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  Smaller reporting company o
 
CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE
 
             
      Proposed Maximum
    Amount of
      Aggregate
    Registration
Title of Securities to be Registered     Offering Price(1)(2)     Fee(3)(4)
Common Stock, par value $0.01
    $575,000,000.00     $32,085.00
             
 
(1)  Estimated solely for the purpose of determining the registration fee in accordance with Rule 457(o) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
 
(2)  Includes the offering price of shares of our common stock that may be purchased by the underwriters upon the exercise of their overallotment option in full.
 
(3)  Calculated in accordance with Rule 457(o) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
 
(4)  $27,900.00 previously paid on July 2, 2009. An additional $4,185.00 is being paid herewith.
 
The Registrant hereby amends this Registration Statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the Registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this Registration Statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or until the Registration Statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.
 


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The information in this preliminary prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This preliminary prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.
 
 
Subject to Completion
Preliminary Prospectus Dated September 14, 2009
 
PROSPECTUS
 
(FOUR SQUARE CAPITAL LOGO)
 
25,000,000 Shares
 
Common Stock
 
 
Foursquare Capital Corp. is a newly-formed corporation focused on acquiring, financing and managing a portfolio of commercial mortgage-backed securities, residential mortgage-backed securities, commercial and residential mortgage loans, other real estate-related securities, various other classes of asset-backed securities and other financial assets. We will be externally managed and advised by Foursquare Capital Management, LLC, which is a majority-owned subsidiary of AllianceBernstein L.P. AllianceBernstein, together with Greenfield Advisors, LLC, or Greenfield, a subsidiary of Greenfield Partners, LLC, and Rialto Capital Management, LLC, or Rialto, as two of the sub-advisors to AllianceBernstein, has been pre-qualified by the U.S. Treasury as one of the nine initial managers that will each manage a public-private investment fund that will be formed in partnership with the U.S. Treasury under its Legacy Securities Program established under the U.S. government’s Public-Private Investment Program. We expect to deploy between 30% to 40% of the net proceeds from this offering and a concurrent private placement to acquire an indirect ownership interest in the public-private investment fund to be managed by AllianceBernstein and supported by the management teams from Greenfield and Rialto.
 
This is our initial public offering. We are offering the shares of our common stock described in this prospectus. We expect the initial public offering price of our common stock to be $20.00 per share. Currently no public market exists for our common stock. Our common stock has been approved for listing on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “FSQR.”
 
Concurrently with the closing of this offering, we will sell to AllianceBernstein and the other owners of our manager, or their respective affiliates and certain of their executives and consultants, in a separate private placement, an aggregate of 1,500,000 shares representing 6% of the shares of our common stock issued in this offering, excluding the underwriters’ overallotment option, at a price per share equal to the initial public offering price per share in this offering.
 
We intend to elect and qualify to be taxed as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, for U.S. federal income tax purposes commencing with our taxable year ending December 31, 2009. To assist us in qualifying as a REIT, among other purposes, stockholders are generally subject to certain restrictions on the ownership and transfer of our common stock. For information relating to these restrictions, see “Description of Capital Stock — Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer.”
 
Investing in our common stock involves risks. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 24 of this prospectus for a discussion of the following and other risks you should consider before investing in shares of our common stock.
 
  •      We have not yet identified any specific assets to acquire and you will not be able to evaluate any of our specific assets before we acquire them.
 
  •      We have no operating history and may not be able to successfully operate our business or generate sufficient revenue to make or sustain distributions to our stockholders.
 
  •      We may pay distributions from offering proceeds, borrowings or the sale of assets to the extent that distributions exceed earnings or cash flow from our operations.
 
  •      We are dependent on our manager, AllianceBernstein and the sub-advisors to AllianceBernstein and their key personnel for our success, and we may not find a suitable replacement for one or more of them if they become unavailable to us.
 
  •      There are various conflicts of interest in our relationship with our manager and the owners of our manager, which could result in decisions that are not in the best interests of our stockholders.
 
  •      Our failure to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year would subject us to U.S. federal income tax and applicable state and local taxes, which would reduce the amount of cash available for distribution to our stockholders.
 
  •      Maintenance of our exemption from registration under the Investment Company Act of 1940 and our REIT qualification imposes significant limits on our operations.
 
 
         
    Per Share  
Total
 
Public offering price
  $   $
Underwriting discount(1)
  $   $
Proceeds to us, before expenses
  $   $
 
 
  (1)  The underwriters will be entitled to receive $      per share from us at closing. We will agree to pay an additional $      per share to the underwriters if during any full four calendar quarter period during the 24 full calendar quarters after the consummation of this offering our Core Earnings (as described herein) for any such four-quarter period exceeds an 8.0% performance hurdle rate (as described herein). If this requirement is not satisfied, the aggregate underwriting discount paid by us, based on a public offering price of $20.00 per share, would be $      million (or     % of the public offering price). See “Underwriting.”
 
The underwriters may also purchase up to an additional 3,750,000 shares of our common stock from us at the initial public offering price, less the underwriting discount, within 30 days after the date of this prospectus to cover overallotments, if any.
 
Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
 
The shares will be ready for delivery on or about          , 2009.
 
BofA Merrill Lynch Morgan Stanley
 
 
JMP Securities Keefe, Bruyette & Woods
Cantor Fitzgerald & Co. Fox-Pitt Kelton Cochran Caronia Waller Sandler O’Neill + Partners, L.P.
 
 
The date of this prospectus is            , 2009.


 

 
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Appendix A
    A-1  
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 EX-23.3
 EX-99.2
 
You should rely only on the information contained in this prospectus, any free writing prospectus prepared by us or information to which we have referred you. We have not, and the underwriters have not, authorized any other person to provide you with different information. If anyone provides you with different or inconsistent information, you should not rely on it. We are not, and the underwriters are not, making an offer to sell these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted. You should assume that the information appearing in this prospectus and any free writing prospectus prepared by us is accurate only as of their respective dates or on the date or dates which are specified in these documents. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since those dates.
 
The U.S. Department of the Treasury has not participated in the preparation of this prospectus or made any representation regarding and expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility to any investor in Foursquare Capital Corp. for the accuracy, completeness or correctness of any of the materials contained herein. Without limitation of the foregoing, the U.S. Department of the Treasury does not approve or disapprove of any tax disclosure or advice set forth herein.


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SUMMARY
 
This summary highlights some of the information in this prospectus. It does not contain all of the information that you should consider before investing in our common stock. You should read carefully the more detailed information set forth under “Risk Factors” and the other information included in this prospectus. Except where the context suggests otherwise, the terms “company,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to Foursquare Capital Corp., a Maryland corporation, together with its subsidiaries; “our manager” refers to Foursquare Capital Management, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, our external manager, and “AllianceBernstein” refers to AllianceBernstein L.P., the majority owner of our manager. Unless indicated otherwise, the information in this prospectus assumes (1) the common stock to be sold in this offering is sold at $20.00 per share, (2) the sale to AllianceBernstein and the other owners of our manager, or their respective affiliates and certain of their executive officers and consultants, in a concurrent private placement, of an aggregate of 1,500,000 shares representing 6% of the shares of our common stock issued in this offering, excluding the underwriters’ overallotment option, and (3) no exercise by the underwriters of their overallotment option to purchase up to an additional 3,750,000 shares of our common stock.
 
Our Company
 
We are a newly-formed corporation focused on acquiring, financing and managing a portfolio of commercial mortgage-backed securities, or CMBS, residential mortgage-backed securities, or RMBS, commercial and residential mortgage loans, other real estate-related securities, various other classes of asset-backed securities, or ABS, and other financial assets. RMBS will include both securities that are not issued or guaranteed by a U.S. government agency or federally chartered corporation, or non-Agency RMBS, and securities that are so issued or guaranteed, or Agency RMBS. We refer to these as our target asset classes.
 
Our objective is to provide above average returns relative to the potential volatility or risk in making those returns (or attractive risk-adjusted returns) to our investors over the long-term, primarily through dividends and secondarily through capital appreciation. We intend to achieve this objective by selectively acquiring a diversified portfolio of assets in our target asset classes with a focus on the credit characteristics of the underlying collateral that will be designed to achieve attractive returns across a variety of market conditions and economic cycles.
 
We will be externally managed and advised by our manager, a recently-formed majority-owned subsidiary of AllianceBernstein. Our manager will contract with AllianceBernstein to manage our portfolio and conduct our day-to-day operations and to provide us with management, administrative and technology support functions to conduct our business. The core special situations group of AllianceBernstein will oversee our operations. In sourcing, evaluating and managing our portfolio assets, AllianceBernstein’s capabilities will be augmented by the collective capabilities of Greenfield Advisors, LLC, or Greenfield, a subsidiary of Greenfield Partners, LLC, and Rialto Capital Management, LLC, or Rialto, through sub-advisory arrangements, and Flexpoint Ford, LLC, or Flexpoint Ford, through consulting arrangements.
 
AllianceBernstein, together with Greenfield and Rialto as two of its sub-advisors, has been pre-qualified by the U.S. Treasury as one of the nine initial managers that will each manage a public-private investment fund, or PPIF, to be formed in partnership with the U.S. Treasury under its Legacy Securities Program established under the U.S. government’s Public-Private Investment Program, or PPIP. AllianceBernstein, supported by the management teams from Greenfield and Rialto, will manage a portfolio of CMBS and non-Agency RMBS to be acquired by the PPIF to be formed by AllianceBernstein in partnership with the U.S. Treasury, or the AB PPIF. The AB PPIF will have access to U.S. Treasury financings under the PPIP and possible other funding sources. Subject to maintaining our qualification as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, and our exemption from registration under the 1940 Act, we currently expect to deploy between 30% to 40% of the net proceeds from this offering and our concurrent private placement (as described below under “— Our Manager”) to acquire an indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF. For additional information relating to the AB PPIF, see “Business — Our Financing Strategy — The AB PPIF.” In addition to our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF, we will seek to gain exposure to other CMBS, ABS and other eligible


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asset classes with borrowings through the Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility, or TALF, as well as through securitizations and other sources of funding, in each case to the extent available to us.
 
We have not acquired any assets as of the date hereof. We will commence operations upon completion of this offering and the concurrent private placement. We intend to elect and qualify to be taxed as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, commencing with our taxable year ending December 31, 2009. We also intend to operate our business in a manner that will permit us to maintain our exemption from registration under the Investment Company Act of 1940, or the 1940 Act.
 
Our Manager
 
We will be externally managed and advised by our manager. AllianceBernstein owns 55% of the limited liability company interests in our manager. The other owners of our manager are Greenfield (or affiliates thereof) (15%), Rialto (through a subsidiary) (15%) and Flexpoint Ford (through its initial fund, Flexpoint Fund, L.P.) (15%). AllianceBernstein is a preeminent, research-driven, global investment management firm delivering investment services in key asset classes: fixed income, value equities, growth equities, blend solutions and alternative investments. AllianceBernstein’s depth of research, worldwide presence and array of services allow it to offer a full range of investment products, both global and local, in every major financial market.
 
Approximately 62% of the equity interests in AllianceBernstein are held indirectly by AXA, the holding company for an international group of insurance and related financial services companies engaged in the financial-protection and wealth-management businesses. Substantially all of the remaining equity interests in AllianceBernstein are held by AllianceBernstein Holding L.P., a New York Stock Exchange-listed holding company (NYSE: AB). As of July 31, 2009, AllianceBernstein had approximately $182 billion of fixed income investments under management.
 
AllianceBernstein and our manager will enter into a sub-advisory agreement with each of Greenfield and Rialto, together, the sub-advisors. We expect that the broad fixed income, special situations and operational capabilities of AllianceBernstein, augmented by specialized advisory support from each of the sub-advisors, will provide us with an experienced portfolio management group that combines a range of complementary core capabilities.
 
AllianceBernstein.  Broad fixed income, mortgage-related and other securities expertise, and dedicated special situations professionals, together with an established investment management infrastructure, are core capabilities provided by AllianceBernstein.
 
Greenfield.  Private equity real estate investment management and distressed collateral valuation and restructuring are core capabilities provided by Greenfield, a subsidiary of Greenfield Partners, LLC, or Greenfield Partners. Greenfield Partners’ expertise includes investment management of equity investments in substantially all of our targeted real estate asset classes as well as the development, redevelopment and acquisition and operation of strategic real estate-related operating companies. Entities owned or controlled by Greenfield Partners include Clayton Holdings LLC, or Clayton, a leading provider of infrastructure (due diligence, surveillance, credit risk management, valuation, special servicing and servicer advising) to the residential mortgage and mortgage-backed security investment industry.
 
Rialto.  Distressed real estate turnaround expertise with a focus on the sourcing, acquisition, management and disposition of residential and commercial properties, loans and securities are core capabilities of Rialto. Rialto is a private investment management firm, with offices in Miami and New York, and its principals include the former chief executive officer, as well as other former members of senior management, of LNR Property Corporation, or LNR.
 
In addition to the sub-advisory agreements, AllianceBernstein and our manager will enter into a consulting agreement with Flexpoint Ford, or the consultant, one of the other owners of our manager. Financial institution acquisition and management, and long-term knowledge and expertise with related financial and mortgage investments acquired from financial institutions, are core capabilities of Flexpoint Ford and its


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chairman, Gerald J. Ford. See “Business — Our Manager” for additional information relating to the core capabilities of each owner of our manager.
 
For its advisory services to our manager, AllianceBernstein will be compensated by the manager out of the base management fee and incentive fee paid by us to our manager pursuant to an advisory agreement between AllianceBernstein and our manager. The fees owing to Greenfield, Rialto and Flexpoint Ford under their respective agreements with AllianceBernstein and our manager will be paid by our manager on behalf of AllianceBernstein out of the fees payable to AllianceBernstein from our manager under the advisory agreement. None of the foregoing fees of AllianceBernstein, the sub-advisors and the consultant will constitute an expense that is separately reimbursable to our manager under its management agreement with us.
 
We also expect to benefit from, among other things, AllianceBernstein’s established global platform and infrastructure to gain scaled and efficient access to portfolio monitoring, finance and administration functions, which will provide support to our manager on legal, compliance, investor relations and operational matters, trade allocation and execution, securities valuation, risk management and information technologies in connection with the performance of its duties, pursuant to an administrative services agreement to be entered into between our manager and AllianceBernstein.
 
Concurrently with the closing of this offering, we will sell to AllianceBernstein and the other owners of our manager, or their respective affiliates and certain of their executives and consultants, in a separate private placement, an aggregate of 1,500,000 shares representing 6% of the shares of our common stock issued in this offering, excluding the underwriters’ overallotment option, at a price per share equal to the initial public offering price per share in this offering. AllianceBernstein and the other owners or our manager, together with their respective affiliates and certain of their executives and consultants, will each purchase an equal number of shares in the concurrent private placement.
 
Current Market Opportunities
 
We believe that current distressed conditions in the financial markets present unique opportunities for us to acquire assets within our target asset classes at significantly depressed trading prices and higher yields compared to prior periods. We also believe that recent governmental and central bank actions intended to support the functioning of credit markets and the improvement of financial institutions’ balance sheets may positively impact our business, providing us with access to financing as well as opportunities to acquire assets at attractive prices. The establishment of various government sponsored programs such as the PPIP’s Legacy Securities Program for certain CMBS and non-Agency RMBS and the TALF (both for new-issue ABS and CMBS as well as for legacy-issue CMBS) may provide us with access to assets that we believe will offer attractive risk-adjusted returns as well as access to favorable non-recourse term borrowing facilities.
 
We believe that we are particularly well positioned to capitalize on opportunities that are presented by current financial market conditions. The combined core capabilities and expertise of AllianceBernstein and its sub-advisors will enable us to evaluate a broad array of asset classes and financing opportunities and to seek to selectively acquire assets for us that present potentially attractive risk-adjusted return profiles and the potential for capital appreciation.


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Our Target Asset Classes
 
Our target asset classes and the principal assets we expect to acquire in each are as follows:
 
     
Asset Classes
 
Principal Assets
 
CMBS
  Fixed and floating rate CMBS, with an emphasis on securities that when originally issued were rated in the highest rating category by one or more of the nationally recognized statistical rating organizations. We have not established a minimum rating requirement for CMBS in which we will invest.
Non-Agency RMBS
  RMBS that are not issued or guaranteed by a U.S. government agency or federally chartered corporation, with an emphasis on securities that when originally issued were rated in the highest rating category by one or more of the nationally recognized statistical rating organizations.
Commercial Mortgage Loans
  First or second lien loans, subordinate interests in first mortgages, or B-Notes, bridge loans to be used in the acquisition, construction or redevelopment of a property and mezzanine financings, with an emphasis on loans in the most senior positions in the capital structure.
Residential Mortgage Loans
  Residential mortgage loans that conform to U.S. government agency underwriting guidelines, or prime mortgage loans, as well as residential mortgage loans that do not conform to U.S. government agency underwriting guidelines, including jumbo prime mortgage loans, Alt-A mortgage loans and subprime mortgage loans.
Agency RMBS
  RMBS that are issued or guaranteed by a U.S. government agency or federally chartered corporation.
ABS
  Debt and equity tranches of securitizations backed by various asset classes including, but not limited to, small-balance commercial mortgages, aircraft, automobiles, credit cards, equipment, manufactured housing, franchises, recreational vehicles and student loans.
Other Financial Assets
  Securities (common stock, preferred stock and debt) of other real estate-related entities and non-real estate-related asset-backed securities and secured and unsecured corporate debt.
 
We may also acquire other types of assets from time to time as opportunities present themselves that are consistent with our target asset guidelines.
 
Subject to prevailing market conditions at the time of purchase, we currently expect to purchase or otherwise gain exposure to our target assets, directly or indirectly through financing subsidiaries, in the following ranges: approximately 30% to 40% AB PPIF, approximately 30% to 40% commercial mortgage loans, approximately 20% to 30% residential mortgage loans, approximately 0% to 15% Agency RMBS, approximately 5% to 15% CMBS eligible for TALF financing and approximately 0% to 10% ABS and other financial assets. We expect that the AB PPIF will be authorized to invest only in CMBS and non-Agency RMBS. Our investment in the AB PPIF will be allocated pro rata among the assets held by the AB PPIF, and as a result, our exposure to our target assets will depend, in part, upon the composition of assets held by the AB PPIF. We will have no ability to control asset allocation decisions of the AB PPIF. There is no assurance that, upon the completion of this offering, we will not allocate the proceeds from this offering and the concurrent private placement in a different manner among our target assets. In particular, we expect that during our initial investment period of up to 12 months, and at times in the future when we may be adjusting our investment strategy, our holdings of Agency RMBS will be greater, and our holdings of other target assets will be lower, than the currently anticipated ranges. In addition, there can be no assurance that the AB PPIF will be established, and in the event that the AB PPIF is not established, we will adjust our investment strategy. Our decisions will depend on prevailing market conditions and may change over time in response to opportunities available in different interest rate, economic and credit environments.


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Our Competitive Advantages
 
We believe that we have many competitive advantages, including the following:
 
AllianceBernstein’s Broad Investment Management Experience
 
Our manager will draw upon the expertise of AllianceBernstein’s fixed income investment team, which, as of July 31, 2009, consists of 98 investment professionals operating in 7 cities, across 7 countries (consisting of the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the United Kingdom), and which managed approximately $182 billion of fixed income investments as of July 31, 2009.
 
Pre-Qualification of AllianceBernstein as an Initial PPIF Manager under the Legacy Securities Program
 
The pre-qualification of AllianceBernstein, together with Greenfield and Rialto as two of its sub-advisors, by the U.S. Treasury as an initial PPIF manager for the Legacy Securities Program under the PPIP will provide us with an opportunity to invest in a PPIF that will purchase securities within our target asset classes at potentially attractive risk-adjusted returns in part due to financing that will be provided to that fund by the U.S. Treasury.
 
AllianceBernstein’s Expertise in Utilizing Government Financing Programs
 
AllianceBernstein has significant experience with respect to recent U.S. government initiatives to provide financing for newly-issued asset-backed securities. In May 2009, AllianceBernstein launched a private opportunity fund focused on investing in certain asset-backed securities (other than RMBS and CMBS) that are or may become eligible for financing under the TALF. As of the date of this prospectus, that private opportunity fund has accepted capital commitments of approximately $433 million.
 
Enhanced Ability to Acquire, Finance and Manage Target Assets through Strategic Relationships
 
We expect that AllianceBernstein’s sub-advisory relationships with Greenfield and Rialto will enhance our ability to acquire, finance and manage our target assets by obtaining access to capabilities of those firms that are complementary to those of AllianceBernstein.
 
Greenfield.  Greenfield is a subsidiary of Greenfield Partners, a firm that, since its inception in 1997, has sponsored eight investment vehicles with a total of approximately $3.5 billion of committed capital. These vehicles have invested in residential and commercial mortgage loans and real estate companies, as well as directly in a variety of property types, predominantly in North America.
 
Rialto.  Rialto is a private real estate investment management company focused on distressed real estate asset investment, management and workouts. Rialto maintains a relationship with Lennar Corporation that provides it with access to information and resources in many local housing markets across the country.
 
In addition, AllianceBernstein will have access through a consulting arrangement to the financial services industry expertise of Flexpoint Ford and its principals:
 
Flexpoint Ford.  Flexpoint Ford is a private equity investment firm with $1.5 billion of committed equity capital that specializes in financial services and healthcare. We believe Flexpoint Ford’s principals are among the most experienced investors in the United States in these two large sectors of the economy.
 
Access to Clayton Holdings’ Mortgage Industry Expertise and Specialized Services
 
Clayton is a leading provider of due diligence, surveillance, credit risk management, valuation, special servicing and servicer advisory services to participants in the residential mortgage and mortgage-backed-security investment industry, including financial institutions, trustees and investors. An investment fund managed by Greenfield Partners is Clayton’s majority equity owner and the chief executive officer of Rialto is currently the representative of a minority equity owner on the board of managers of Clayton. We intend to engage Clayton to provide due diligence services with respect to certain assets being considered for purchase


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by us, to conduct surveillance on certain of our portfolio assets and to provide related analytical, operational, valuation and systems support to us.
 
Sub-Advisors’ Comprehensive Expertise in Evaluating Real Estate Asset Cash Flows
 
A substantial majority of the assets being targeted for purchase by us are loans and securities where we believe ultimate economic performance will depend upon the resiliency of the cash flows, or the ability of the underlying collateral to maintain what we believe to be a favorable level of cash flow even under adverse economic scenarios. The principals of the sub-advisors to AllianceBernstein, with their affiliates, have many years of experience in evaluating real estate property cash flows from both residential and commercial real estate assets, and we expect the sub-advisors to provide an additional level of detailed analysis essential to our asset acquisition, asset management and disposition strategies.
 
Experienced Investment Committee
 
We expect that our experienced investment committee will allow us to identify, analyze and select attractive asset acquisition opportunities across all of our target asset classes, to effectively structure and finance our portfolio and to deal effectively with any assets that become troubled, and to maximize the return on the assets we acquire. See “— Investment Committee” below.
 
Extensive Strategic and Funding Relationships and Experience of our Manager’s Owners and their Affiliates
 
AllianceBernstein, Greenfield, Rialto and Flexpoint Ford maintain extensive long-term relationships with financial intermediaries, including primary dealers, leading investment banks, brokerage firms, leading mortgage originators and commercial banks. We believe these relationships will enhance our ability to source, finance and hedge investment opportunities as well as provide us favorable access to sources of repurchase agreement financings and, thus, enable us to grow in various credit and interest rate environments.
 
Potential Access to Favorable Non-Recourse Government Term Borrowing Facilities
 
We believe the establishment of the Legacy Securities Program by the U.S. Treasury under the PPIP, the pre-qualification by the U.S. Treasury of AllianceBernstein, with Greenfield and Rialto as two of its sub-advisors, to be an initial fund manager for the Legacy Securities Program and the expansion of the TALF to cover CMBS will provide us with access to assets that we believe will offer potentially favorable risk-adjusted returns as well as access to favorable non-recourse term borrowing facilities. We expect that a portion of our target asset classes will be eligible for financing under these programs and that we will access U.S. Treasury financing through the indirect ownership interest we expect to acquire in the AB PPIF.
 
Disciplined Approach
 
We will seek to maximize our risk-adjusted returns through a disciplined approach, relying on rigorous quantitative analysis and fundamental research with an emphasis on resiliency of cash flow. Our manager’s investment committee and AllianceBernstein will monitor our overall portfolio risk and survey the characteristics of our portfolio assets.
 
Alignment of Interests
 
We have taken multiple steps to structure our relationship with our manager so that our interests and those of our manager are closely aligned, which will create an incentive to maximize returns for our stockholders. These steps include our manager’s incentive compensation structure, as well as the concurrent private placement of our common stock to AllianceBernstein and the other owners of our manager, or their respective affiliates. The private placement purchasers have agreed to an 18-month lock-up with respect to the shares purchased in the concurrent private placement.


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Target Asset Guidelines
 
Our board of directors has adopted a set of guidelines that set out our target asset classes. Until appropriate opportunities can be identified or until we receive capital calls from the AB PPIF, the manager may invest our assets in interest-bearing short-term investments, including money-market accounts and/or funds, and liquid Agency RMBS, in each case that are consistent with our intention to qualify as a REIT and to maintain our exemption from registration under the 1940 Act. Our manager, through its investment committee, will make determinations as to the percentage of our assets that will be deployed in each of our target asset classes. Our portfolio allocation among our target asset classes is expected to vary from time to time. We believe that the expected diversification of our portfolio of assets, the expertise available to us in our target asset classes and the flexibility of our strategy will enable us to achieve attractive risk-adjusted returns under a variety of market conditions and economic cycles.
 
Investment Committee
 
Our manager will form an investment committee initially comprised of our chief investment officer, who will serve as chairman of the investment committee, our chief executive officer and a senior investment professional from each of Greenfield and Rialto. Actions by the investment committee will require the approval of each of AllianceBernstein, Greenfield and Rialto who, in each case, will participate through senior investment professionals. The investment committee expects to establish parameters for our asset acquisitions within which AllianceBernstein may execute transactions on our behalf.
 
The initial members of the investment committee will be:
 
Jeffrey Phlegar, who will serve as chairman of the investment committee, and is also our chief investment officer. Mr. Phlegar is an Executive Vice President of AllianceBernstein and a member of its Executive Committee. Mr. Phlegar has been employed by AllianceBernstein for over 20 years in various capacities. He is currently responsible for leading the firm’s special situations group. Mr. Phlegar will also serve as AllianceBernstein’s chief investment officer for, and the chairman of AllianceBernstein’s investment policy group for, the AB PPIF.
 
Jonathan Sobel, who is also our chief executive officer. Mr. Sobel provides consulting services to Gerald Ford-related entities. Mr. Sobel was employed by Goldman Sachs & Co. in various capacities for over 20 years until his departure in 2008, including six years as the head of the firm’s Global Mortgage Department. Mr. Sobel will also be a consultant to AllianceBernstein solely with respect to his capacity as our chief executive officer and related duties.
 
Eugene A. Gorab, who founded Greenfield Partners in March 1997, currently serves as its President and Chief Executive Officer. He is responsible for managing the overall strategic direction of the firm, including capital formation, investments and asset management. Prior to founding Greenfield Partners, Mr. Gorab was a founding partner and managing director of Starwood Capital Group, LLC. He headed Starwood’s development and land groups, and was a senior member of the investment committee and had oversight responsibility for Starwood Asset Management, LLC and Starwood Aviation Group. Mr. Gorab will also be a member of AllianceBernstein’s investment policy group for the AB PPIF.
 
Jeffrey P. Krasnoff, who is the Chief Executive Officer of Rialto. He has over 30 years of experience in real estate investment, including as the Chief Executive Officer, until 2007, of LNR, which during his tenure was one of the nation’s largest purchasers and special servicers of non-investment grade CMBS. Mr. Krasnoff will also be a member of AllianceBernstein’s investment policy group for the AB PPIF.
 
Our Financing Strategy
 
We expect to use leverage, directly and indirectly through financing vehicles, to increase potential returns to our stockholders and to fund the acquisition of our assets. We may use both recourse and non-recourse leverage; however, in light of current market conditions, we expect that initially our leverage will


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consist primarily of non-recourse financing. Although we are not required to maintain any particular assets-to-equity leverage ratio, we expect under current market conditions to deploy up to two times leverage on commercial mortgage loans, up to three times leverage on residential mortgage loans, up to eight times leverage on Agency RMBS and (based on the TALF program as currently in effect) up to 6.67 times leverage on CMBS eligible for TALF financing, but excluding any leverage employed by the AB PPIF. These leverage parameters are in our discretion and could change at any time. The AB PPIF will have its own leverage policies that we will have no ability to control, and the foregoing expected leverage ratio for CMBS does not include any additional exposure to CMBS we may gain indirectly through our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF.
 
Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT, we expect to use a number of sources to finance our assets. We initially expect our primary financing sources to include non-recourse financings under the TALF and other programs established by the U.S. government to finance our CMBS, non-Agency RMBS and ABS, other than through our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF, which will not initially employ any leverage beyond that offered by the U.S. Treasury under the Legacy Securities Program. Secondarily, we may employ to a lesser extent recourse financing through repurchase agreements, securitizations and seller financing. Over time, as market conditions change, in addition to these financings, we may use other forms of leverage provided by the U.S. government and its agencies as well as through the private sector.
 
The Public-Private Investment Program
 
On March 23, 2009, the U.S. Treasury, in conjunction with the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, or the FDIC, and the Federal Reserve, announced the creation of the PPIP. The PPIP is intended to encourage the transfer of certain illiquid legacy real estate-related assets off of the balance sheets of financial institutions, restarting the market for these assets and supporting the flow of credit and other capital into the broader economy. The PPIP, as announced, is expected to have two primary components: the Legacy Securities Program and the Legacy Loans Program. PPIFs will be established under the Legacy Loans Program to purchase troubled loans from insured depository institutions, and PPIFs will be established under the Legacy Securities Program to purchase certain CMBS and non-Agency RMBS that were originally AAA-rated from financial institutions.
 
Legacy Securities PPIFs are expected to have access to equity capital from the U.S. Treasury as well as debt financing provided or guaranteed by the U.S. government. The U.S. Treasury has announced that it will provide an aggregate of $30 billion to Legacy Securities PPIFs in the form of equity capital and debt financing. Specifically, the U.S. Treasury will provide up to 50% of the equity capital of each Legacy Securities PPIF, with the remainder provided by private investors, and will provide senior debt up to 100% of the total equity capital of such PPIF so long as the PPIF’s private investors do not have voluntary withdrawal rights.
 
AllianceBernstein, together with Greenfield and Rialto as two of its sub-advisors, has been pre-qualified by the U.S. Treasury as an initial PPIF manager under its Legacy Securities Program established under the PPIP to manage legacy securities and is one of only nine initial investment managers so pre-qualified by the U.S. Treasury. As a pre-qualified PPIF manager, AllianceBernstein will manage the AB PPIF and the CMBS and non-Agency RMBS to be acquired by the AB PPIF. The AB PPIF will have access to U.S. Treasury financing under the Legacy Securities Program and possible other funding sources. Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT and our exemption from registration under the 1940 Act, we currently expect to deploy between 30% to 40% of the net proceeds from this offering and the concurrent private placement to acquire an indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF.
 
Announcements describing the Legacy Loans Program have stated that the U.S. Treasury will provide up to 50% of the equity capital for each Legacy Loans PPIF, with the remainder provided by private investors, and that the FDIC will guarantee the debt issued by the Legacy Loans PPIF up to a 6-to-1 debt-to-equity ratio. On June 3, 2009, the FDIC announced that the development of the Legacy Loans Program will continue but that a previously planned pilot sale of assets by depository institutions targeted for June 2009 would be postponed.


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The Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility
 
On November 25, 2008, the U.S. Treasury and the Federal Reserve announced the creation of the TALF. Under the TALF, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, or the NY Fed, will provide up to $200 billion through non-recourse loans to borrowers to help fund their purchase of eligible assets, which initially included certain ABS but neither CMBS nor RMBS. On February 10, 2009, the U.S. Treasury, in conjunction with the Federal Reserve, announced preliminary plans to expand the TALF by up to $800 billion to include newly issued, AAA-rated non-Agency RMBS and CMBS and other asset-backed securities. On March 23, 2009, the U.S. Treasury announced preliminary plans to expand the TALF to include certain highly-rated Legacy CMBS and certain non-Agency RMBS that were originally AAA-rated. On May 1, 2009, the Federal Reserve provided more details as to how the TALF was to be expanded to include certain newly issued CMBS and explained that, beginning in June 2009, the NY Fed would make available up to $100 billion in TALF loans with five-year maturities and that such loans may be secured by, among other things, CMBS issued on or after January 1, 2009. On May 19, 2009, the NY Fed announced that, beginning in July 2009, it would expand the classes of securities eligible for financing through TALF to include certain high quality CMBS issued prior to January 1, 2009, or Legacy CMBS, and announced additional criteria that will apply to TALF loans secured by such Legacy CMBS. We believe that the expansion of the TALF to include both Legacy and new-issue CMBS may provide us with the ability to gain exposure (through financing vehicles we may form or participate in) to attractively priced non-recourse term borrowings that could be used to purchase both Legacy and new-issue CMBS that are eligible for financing through the TALF. However, many Legacy CMBS have had their ratings downgraded, and at least one rating agency, Standard & Poor’s Investors Services, Inc., or S&P, has announced that further downgrades are likely in the future, as many commercial property values have declined. As a result, these downgrades may significantly reduce the quantity of Legacy CMBS that are TALF eligible. On August 17, 2009, the Federal Reserve and the U.S. Treasury announced that expansion of the TALF to include non-Agency RMBS as collateral eligible for TALF financing was being held in abeyance but that the decision could be reconsidered if financial and economic circumstances so warranted. There can be no assurance that the TALF will be expanded to include such non-Agency RMBS or, if so expanded, that we will be able to utilize it successfully or at all.
 
Other than initially through our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF, we will seek to gain exposure to other CMBS, ABS and other asset classes eligible for TALF financing with borrowings through the TALF, as well as through securitizations and other sources of funding, in each case to the extent available to us. Initially, the TALF was scheduled to run through December 31, 2009, however, on August 17, 2009, the U.S. Treasury and the Federal Reserve announced that TALF loans secured by ABS and Legacy CMBS would be made through March 31, 2010 and that TALF loans secured by new-issue CMBS would be made through June 30, 2010 unless further extended by the Federal Reserve.
 
Securitization
 
We intend to seek to enhance the returns on our mortgage loan assets through securitization, which in some cases may be supported by the TALF. To the extent available, we intend to securitize the senior portion, expected to be equivalent to AAA-rated CMBS, while potentially retaining some or all of the subordinate securities in our portfolio of assets. In order to catalyze the securitization market, the TALF is currently expected to provide financing to buyers of certain AAA-rated CMBS. Therefore, we expect to see interest in the credit markets for such financing at a favorable percentage of our cost basis in the relevant assets and, more importantly, at reasonable cost-of-fund levels that would generate a positive net spread and enhance returns for our investors.
 
Repurchase Agreements
 
Repurchase agreements are financings pursuant to which we will sell our target asset classes to the repurchase agreement counterparty, the buyer, for an agreed upon price with the obligation to repurchase these assets from the buyer at a future date and at a price higher than the original purchase price. The amount of financing we will receive under a repurchase agreement is limited to a specified percentage of the estimated market value of the assets we sell to the buyer.


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Other Potential Sources of Financing
 
Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we may in the future also use other sources of financing to fund the acquisition of our target assets, including seller financing, warehouse facilities and other secured and unsecured forms of borrowing. We may also seek to raise further equity capital or issue debt securities in order to fund our future purchases of assets.
 
Risk Management
 
As part of our risk management strategy, our manager will actively manage the risks associated with holding a portfolio of our target asset classes, market risk, interest rate risk and financing risk. Our manager will rely on AllianceBernstein’s resources and expertise in each of these areas, augmented by the services of the sub-advisors.
 
Summary Risk Factors
 
An investment in shares of our common stock involves various risks. You should consider carefully the risks discussed below and under the heading “Risk Factors” in this prospectus before purchasing our common stock. If any of the following risks occur, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. In that case, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and you may lose some or all of your investment.
 
  •      We have not yet identified any specific assets to acquire and you will not be able to evaluate any of our specific assets before we acquire them.
 
  •      We are dependent on our manager, AllianceBernstein, and the sub-advisors and their key personnel for our success.
 
  •      Neither our manager nor AllianceBernstein has prior experience operating a REIT.
 
  •      There are various conflicts of interest in our relationship with our manager and the owners of our manager, which could result in decisions that are not in the best interests of our stockholders.
 
  •      The management agreement with our manager and the advisory agreement and the administrative services agreement with AllianceBernstein were not negotiated on an arm’s-length basis and may not be as favorable to us as if they had been negotiated with unaffiliated third parties.
 
  •      Our board of directors has approved very broad target asset guidelines for our manager and will not approve each asset acquisition or disposition and financing decision made by our manager.
 
  •      We may pay distributions from offering proceeds, borrowings or the sale of assets to the extent that distributions exceed earnings or cash flow from our operations.
 
  •      There can be no assurance that the actions of the U.S. government, Federal Reserve, U.S. Treasury and other governmental and regulatory bodies for the purpose of stabilizing the economy and financial markets, including the establishment of the TALF and the PPIP, or market response to those actions, will achieve the intended effect.
 
  •      There is no assurance that the pre-qualification of AllianceBernstein, together with Greenfield and Rialto as two of its sub-advisors, by the U.S. Treasury as an initial PPIF manager under the Legacy Securities Program will lead to establishment of the AB PPIF.
 
  •      We may change any of our strategies, policies or procedures without stockholder consent.
 
  •      We have no operating history and may not be able to successfully operate our business or generate sufficient revenue to make or sustain distributions to our stockholders.


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  •      The lack of liquidity of our assets may adversely affect our business, including our ability to value and sell our assets.
 
  •      Maintenance of our 1940 Act exemption imposes limits on our operations.
 
  •      Loss of our 1940 Act exemption would adversely affect us, the market price of shares of our common stock and our ability to distribute dividends and could result in the termination of the management agreement with our manager.
 
  •      We expect to use leverage in executing our business strategy, which may adversely affect the return on our assets and may reduce cash available for distribution to our stockholders, as well as magnify losses when economic conditions are unfavorable.
 
  •      Continued adverse developments in the residential and commercial mortgage markets, including recent increases in defaults, credit losses and liquidity concerns, could make it difficult for us to borrow money.
 
  •      As a result of recent market events, including the contraction among, and failure of, certain lenders, it may be more difficult for us to secure non-government financing.
 
  •      We operate in a highly competitive market and competition may limit our ability to acquire desirable assets.
 
  •      An increase in our borrowing costs relative to the interest we receive on our assets may adversely affect our profitability and our cash available for distribution to our stockholders.
 
  •      Our inability to access financing under U.S. government programs could have a material adverse effect on our anticipated business prospects.
 
  •      Hedging against interest rate exposure may adversely affect our earnings.
 
  •      Regulatory developments relating to the use or availability of derivatives may make our hedging transactions more expensive, less effective or both.
 
  •      Difficult conditions in the mortgage, residential and commercial real estate markets may cause us to experience market losses related to our holdings, and there is no assurance that these conditions will improve in the near future.
 
  •      We may acquire non-Agency RMBS collateralized by subprime and Alt-A mortgage loans, which are subject to increased risks.
 
  •      The mortgage loans that we will acquire, and the mortgage and other loans underlying the CMBS and non-Agency RMBS that we will acquire, are subject to defaults, foreclosure timeline extension, fraud and commercial and residential price depreciation, and unfavorable modification of loan principal amount, interest rate and amortization of principal.
 
  •      If our manager overestimates the loss-adjusted yields of our CMBS or RMBS investments, we may experience losses.
 
  •      Prepayment rates (faster or slower) may adversely affect our income and the value of our portfolio.
 
  •      Our failure to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year would subject us to U.S. federal income tax and applicable state and local taxes, which would reduce the amount of cash available for distribution to our stockholders.
 
  •      Complying with REIT requirements may cause us to forego otherwise attractive investment opportunities or financing or hedging strategies.


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  •      Because the requirements for REIT status require that we distribute each year 90% of our taxable income, we will not be able to grow by reinvesting income and gains in our business.
 
  •      If we have substantial non-cash taxable income, we may have to return investors’ capital in order to meet the REIT requirement that we distribute each year 90% of our taxable income. We may also have to sell assets, borrow funds or make taxable stock distributions to satisfy this distribution requirement. This distribution requirement will limit our ability to retain earnings and thereby replenish or increase capital for operations.
 
Our Structure
 
We were organized as a Maryland corporation on June 25, 2009. We will be externally managed by our manager. Our manager or AllianceBernstein may be deemed to be our promoter with respect to this offering.
 
We generally will not be subject to U.S. federal income taxes on our taxable income to the extent that we annually distribute all of our net taxable income to stockholders and maintain our intended qualification as a REIT. To assist us in qualifying as a REIT, among other purposes, stockholders are generally restricted from owning, applying certain attribution rules under the Internal Revenue Code, more than 9.8% by value or number of shares, whichever is more restrictive, of our outstanding shares of common stock or our outstanding capital stock. Different ownership limits may apply to AllianceBernstein and its direct and indirect subsidiaries, including but not limited to our manager. In addition, our charter contains various other restrictions on the ownership and transfer of our common stock, see “Description of Capital Stock — Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer.”


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The following diagram shows our expected structure after giving effect to this offering and the concurrent private placement to affiliates of the owners of our manager:
 
(FLOW CHART)
 
 
* Note: AllianceBernstein has entered into an advisory agreement with our manager. In addition, AllianceBernstein and our manager have entered into sub-advisory agreements with Greenfield and Rialto as well as a consulting agreement with Flexpoint Ford. As founders of our manager, the sub-advisors and the consultant or their affiliates will each have a 15% ownership stake in our manager.
 
** Concurrently with the closing of this offering, we will sell to AllianceBernstein, the sub-advisors and the consultant, or their respective affiliates and certain of their executives and consultants, in a separate private placement, an aggregate of 1,500,000 shares representing 6% of the shares of our common stock issued in this offering, excluding the underwriters’ overallotment option, at a price per share equal to the initial public offering price per share in this offering.
 
Management Agreement
 
We will enter into a management agreement with our manager effective upon the closing of this offering. Under the management agreement, our manager will implement our business strategy and perform certain services for us. The initial term of the management agreement will end three years after the closing of this offering, with automatic one-year extension terms starting on the third anniversary of the closing of this offering, unless previously terminated, and subject to termination within 180 days prior to the end of any term by us or the manager.


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The following table summarizes the fees and expense reimbursements that we will pay to our manager:
 
         
Type
 
Description
 
Payment
 
Base Management Fee   1.50% of our stockholders’ equity per annum. For purposes of calculating the base management fee, our stockholders’ equity means: (a) the sum of (1) the net proceeds from all issuances of our equity securities since inception (allocated on a pro rata daily basis for such issuances during the fiscal quarter of any such issuance), plus (2) our retained earnings at the end of the most recently completed quarter (without taking into account any non-cash equity compensation expense incurred in current or prior periods), less (b) any amount that we pay to repurchase our common stock since inception. It excludes (1) any unrealized gains and losses or other items that have impacted stockholders’ equity as reported in our financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or GAAP, and (2) one-time events pursuant to changes in GAAP and non-cash items, in each case the exclusion of which is recommended by our manager and approved by a majority of our independent directors. As a result, our stockholders’ equity, for purposes of calculating the base management fee, could be greater than or less than the amount of stockholders’ equity shown on our financial statements.   Quarterly in arrears, in cash
    Base management fees payable in respect of the stockholders’ equity that is allocable to our interests in the AB PPIF will be reduced (but not below zero) so that the sum of such base management fee plus our allocable share of management fees payable by the AB PPIF to its designated investment manager will not exceed 1.50% of our stockholders’ equity per annum that is allocable to our interests in the AB PPIF, calculated as described above.    


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Type
 
Description
 
Payment
 
Incentive Fee   Our manager will be entitled to an incentive fee at the end of each quarter in an amount equal to 20.0% of the amount by which Core Earnings (as defined below) for the rolling four-quarter period consisting of that quarter and the three quarters preceding that quarter, plus the amount of such incentive fee, if any, payable during any of the fiscal quarters in such rolling four-quarter period and less the amount of any Core Earnings offset described below, exceeds the product of (1) the weighted average of the issue price per share of all of our offerings multiplied by the weighted average number of our common shares outstanding in such quarter and (2) 8.0%. For the initial four quarters following this offering, Core Earnings will be calculated from the settlement date of this offering on an annualized basis.   Quarterly in arrears, one half in cash and one half in shares of our common stock
    “Core Earnings” is a non-GAAP measure and is defined as GAAP net income (loss) excluding non-cash equity compensation expense, any unrealized gains, losses or other non-cash items recorded in the period, regardless of whether such items are included in other comprehensive income or loss, or in net income. The amount of Core Earnings will also be adjusted to exclude one-time events pursuant to changes in GAAP and certain other non-cash charges after discussions between our manager and our independent directors and after approval by a majority of our independent directors.    
    For purposes of calculating the incentive fee, to the extent we have a net loss in Core Earnings from a period prior to the rolling four-quarter period that has not been offset by Core Earnings in a subsequent period, the loss will continue to be included in the rolling four-quarter calculation until it has been fully offset.    
    To the extent that any incentive fee is payable in respect of our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF, our manager will waive any incentive fees payable by us to our manager in respect of our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF.    

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Type
 
Description
 
Payment
 
Partial payment of incentive fee
in shares of our common stock
  One half of each quarterly installment of the incentive fee will be payable in shares of our common stock so long as the ownership of such additional number of shares by our manager would not violate the 9.8% stock ownership limit set forth in our charter, after giving effect to any waiver from such limit that our board of directors may grant to our manager in the future. The remainder of the incentive fee will be payable in cash.   Quarterly in arrears
    The number of shares to be issued to our manager in respect of partial payment of the incentive fee will be equal to the dollar amount of the portion of the quarterly installment of the incentive fee payable in shares, divided by the average of the closing prices of our common stock on the NYSE for the five trading days prior to the date on which such quarterly installment is paid.    
Expense reimbursement   Reimbursement of expenses related to us incurred by our manager, including legal, accounting, due diligence and other services. We will also be required to reimburse our manager for corresponding expenses which will be reimbursed by our manager to AllianceBernstein and its service providers, including the sub-advisors and the consultant, under the advisory, sub-advisory and consulting agreements.   Quarterly in cash
    We will not reimburse our manager or its affiliates for the salaries and other compensation of their personnel, except for the allocable share of the compensation of consultants retained by AllianceBernstein to provide in-house legal and accounting resources to us, based upon the time they spend on our affairs and with respect to the chief financial officer to be retained by our manager that is dedicated exclusively to us.    
    Our reimbursement obligation is not subject to any dollar limitation.    
Termination fee   Termination fee equal to three times the sum of (1) the average annual base management fee and (2) the average annual incentive fee earned by our manager during the 24-month period prior to such termination, calculated as of the end of the most recently completed fiscal quarter.   Upon termination of the management agreement by us without cause or by our manager if we materially breach the management agreement
Incentive plan   Our 2009 equity incentive plan includes provisions for grants of restricted common stock units and other equity based awards to our independent directors and our manager. We will grant to our manager restricted common stock units upon completion of this offering.    

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Advisory, Sub-Advisory, Consulting and Other Agreements
 
Our manager will enter into an advisory agreement with AllianceBernstein effective upon the closing of this offering. Pursuant to this agreement, our manager will contract with AllianceBernstein to manage our portfolio and provide us related portfolio support functions. The initial term of the advisory agreement will extend for three years from the closing of this offering, with automatic one-year extension terms starting on the third anniversary of the closing of this offering, unless previously terminated, and subject to termination if and when our management agreement with our manager is terminated. The fees charged by AllianceBernstein pursuant to this advisory agreement will not constitute an expense that is separately reimbursable to our manager under the management agreement.
 
Each sub-advisor (directly or through a subsidiary) will enter into a sub-advisory agreement with AllianceBernstein and our manager effective upon the closing of this offering. Through each respective sub-advisory agreement, the sub-advisors will provide AllianceBernstein with personnel and resources to assist AllianceBernstein in advising our manager on the implementation and execution of our business strategy. The initial term of each of the sub-advisory agreements will extend for three years from the closing of this offering, with automatic one-year extension terms starting on the third anniversary of the closing of this offering, unless previously terminated, and subject to termination if and when our management agreement with our manager is terminated. Each of the sub-advisory agreements will automatically be extended if our management agreement with our manager is extended. The fees charged by each sub-advisor pursuant to its sub-advisory agreement will be paid by our manager on behalf of AllianceBernstein out of the fees payable to AllianceBernstein and will not constitute an expense that is separately reimbursable to our manager under the management agreement.
 
Flexpoint Ford will enter into a consulting agreement with AllianceBernstein and our manager effective upon the closing of this offering. Pursuant to this consulting agreement, Flexpoint Ford will assist AllianceBernstein in advising our manager in the implementation and execution of our business strategy. The initial term of this consulting agreement will extend for three years from the closing of this offering, with automatic one-year extension terms starting on the third anniversary of the closing of this offering, unless previously terminated, and subject to termination if and when our management agreement with our manager is terminated. This consulting agreement will automatically be extended if our management agreement with our manager is extended. The fees charged by Flexpoint Ford pursuant to this consulting agreement will be paid by our manager on behalf of AllianceBernstein out of fees payable to AllianceBernstein and will not constitute an expense that is separately reimbursable to our manager under the management agreement.
 
We also expect to enter into an agreement with Clayton pursuant to which Clayton will provide access to its proprietary software platform, databases and reports, pricing services and due diligence assessments of mortgage servicers and loans. We will use Clayton’s proprietary database and software to warehouse our loan performance data and enable our manager to develop and generate customized reports on a periodic basis. We expect to use Clayton’s pricing service to provide our manager with pricing information regarding CMBS and RMBS, which AllianceBernstein can utilize to derive valuations for specific assets and for risk management purposes. In addition, Clayton will provide us with detailed residential mortgage servicer evaluations and rankings at AllianceBernstein’s direction. These evaluations may include on-site assessments, management interviews, work observations and reviews of materials provided by the respective servicers, as well as detailed loan level testing and analysis of the servicer’s policies and procedures. Clayton will also provide at our request due diligence reviews of mortgage loans acquired by us or under review for acquisition by our manager. These servicer and loan evaluations will be used to support AllianceBernstein’s own fundamental research analysis. These are services which will not be provided by AllianceBernstein or the sub-advisors, and to the extent we do not obtain them from Clayton, we will retain another third party to provide them. We will pay Clayton directly for its services in amounts that will be determined on a project by project basis in accordance with Clayton’s then prevailing fees for such services, and neither Greenfield nor Rialto will be involved on our behalf in the negotiation of such fees.
 
Our manager will also enter into an administrative services agreement with AllianceBernstein, pursuant to which we will be provided with access to, among other things, AllianceBernstein’s portfolio


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management, asset valuation, risk management and asset management services as well as administration functions, which will provide support to our manager on legal, compliance, investor relations, information technologies and all other support functions necessary for the performance of our manager’s duties in exchange for a fee to be paid directly by our manager to AllianceBernstein representing AllianceBernstein’s allocable cost for these services. The services to be provided by AllianceBernstein under this administrative services agreement are outside the scope of services for which AllianceBernstein is otherwise compensated under its advisory agreement with our manager. As such, the fees payable to AllianceBernstein by our manager under this administrative services agreement will constitute an expense that is separately reimbursable to our manager under its management agreement with us.
 
We may also enter into agreements with one or both of Greenfield or Rialto (or their affiliates) relating to services to be performed by either of them that are outside the scope of responsibilities for which they are compensated under their respective sub-advisory agreements. We will pay Greenfield and Rialto (or their respective affiliates), as the case may be, directly for such services amounts that will be determined on a project-by-project basis, taking into account prevailing market terms and the relevant sub-advisor’s (or its affiliate’s) own fee practices with respect to such services.
 
Conflicts of Interest
 
There are various conflicts of interest in our relationship with our manager and the owners of our manager, which could result in decisions that are not in the best interests of our stockholders. We are dependent on our manager, or its appointed advisors, for day-to-day management and we do not have any independent officers or employees. Our chief executive officer is a consultant to several entities in which Gerald J. Ford has an interest as well as to Mr. Ford in a personal capacity, and is also a consultant to AllianceBernstein solely with respect to his capacity as our chief executive officer and related duties. The remainder of our officers are employees of AllianceBernstein. The chairman of our board of directors is the chairman of AllianceBernstein and our non-independent directors include principals from Greenfield, Rialto and Flexpoint Ford. Our management agreement with our manager and the agreements with AllianceBernstein were negotiated between related parties and their terms, including fees and other amounts payable, may not be as favorable to us as if they had been negotiated at arm’s length with unaffiliated third parties. None of our manager, AllianceBernstein, the sub-advisors or the consultant or their respective officers and personnel is exclusively committed to us. Because these organizations and individuals serve other clients in addition to us, it is difficult to estimate the amount of time any of them will allocate to our business. The ability of our manager, AllianceBernstein, the sub-advisors and the consultant and their officers and personnel to engage in other business activities may reduce the time they spend managing us or providing advice under the sub-advisory or consulting agreements.
 
AllianceBernstein has an established special situations group to manage our assets as well as the assets of other specialized clients. As of July 31, 2009, AllianceBernstein’s special situation group managed nine existing client portfolios with an aggregate par amount of approximately $1.837 billion (which amount does not take into account significantly lower current market values). Of this amount, approximately $490 million is expected to be liquidated during September 2009. None of these accounts are actively acquiring new assets, other than a recently-formed private opportunity fund focused on investing in TALF-eligible assets (other than CMBS). To the extent new accounts are added to the special situations group or existing accounts begin actively acquiring new assets, we will compete for opportunities directly with these portfolios. In addition, our manager, AllianceBernstein, the sub-advisors and the consultant may have existing clients or, in the future, new clients that compete with us directly for opportunities.
 
The investment personnel of the special situations group of AllianceBernstein historically have been and expect to continue to be active in managing mortgage-related and other securitized assets. In addition, the sub-advisors have actively acquired or considered acquiring, or caused entities they advise or manage to acquire, whole loans and loan portfolios. We expect AllianceBernstein and each sub-advisor to continue actively focusing on those assets and each may also broaden its focus in the future to encompass other of our target asset classes.
 
AllianceBernstein’s special situations group, the sub-advisors and the consultant manage or plan to manage assets for other clients, and opportunities which may be appropriate for us may also be appropriate for


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accounts or investment vehicles managed by AllianceBernstein’s special situations group, the sub-advisors or the consultant. As a result, we will not have an exclusive right to any such opportunity.
 
AllianceBernstein has developed compliance procedures to isolate the investment decision making and trade execution processes within the special situations group apart from AllianceBernstein’s other managed accounts, with the exception of ABS eligible for financing under the TALF. AllianceBernstein has internal allocation policies pursuant to which it will allocate opportunities among accounts in its special situations group for which it considers the opportunity to be appropriate in a fair and equitable manner consistent with such allocation policies. These allocation policies, which would also apply to us, also include other procedures intended to prevent any of its accounts within the special situations group from receiving favorable treatment in accessing opportunities over any other account in that group. Investment opportunities that are sourced from within the special situations group will not be allocated to clients serviced elsewhere in the firm notwithstanding similarities in investment objectives. Likewise, investment opportunities within AllianceBernstein sourced from outside the special situations group (such as from the AllianceBernstein fixed income unit) will not be offered to us or to other clients serviced within the special situations group, notwithstanding similarity of investment objectives and guidelines. These allocation policies may be amended at any time without our consent. To the extent our manager’s, AllianceBernstein’s or our business evolves in such a way as to give rise to conflicts not currently addressed by AllianceBernstein’s allocation policies applicable to its special situations group, AllianceBernstein may need to refine such allocation policies to address such situation.
 
We expect to provide each of the sub-advisors and the consultant (and their investment funds and managed accounts, where applicable) with a right to present to us opportunities to invest along with them, on a side-by-side basis, or co-invest, in purchases by us of certain types of assets, including mortgage loans. With respect to the consultant, its co-investment right only applies if it recommends the applicable investment to us, while each sub-advisor will have a right to participate in an investment that the other sub-advisor recommends to us. Each sub-advisor and the consultant expects that its respective co-investment rights will enable it to treat us as a “strategic” co-investor (on a non-exclusive basis) for purposes of certain partnership or other agreements governing its respective applicable investment funds and managed accounts, and thereby also allow such sub-advisor or consultant to provide opportunities to us to co-invest in assets to be acquired by certain of its investment funds and managed accounts in circumstances where the asset to be acquired falls within our target asset classes and the relevant sub-advisor or the consultant has determined that such investment fund(s) and managed account(s) will not provide the entire amount of equity capital required for the acquisition of such asset. However, there can be no assurances that such opportunities will emerge for our participation in such co-investments. Each sub-advisor’s co-investment policies may be amended at any time without our consent.
 
In addition, to avoid any actual or perceived conflicts of interest with our manager, AllianceBernstein, either of its sub-advisors or the consultant (in the event the consultant elects to present us with opportunities), a majority of our independent directors will be required to approve the purchase by us of any security structured or issued by an entity managed by our manager, AllianceBernstein, either of its sub-advisors or the consultant, or any of their respective affiliates, or any purchase or sale of our assets by or to our manager, AllianceBernstein, either of its sub-advisors or the consultant, or any of their respective affiliates, or any entity managed by any of the foregoing.
 
We do not have a policy that expressly prohibits our directors, officers, the sub-advisors, the consultant, security holders or affiliates from engaging for their own account in business activities of the types conducted by us. However, subject to AllianceBernstein’s allocation policies applicable to its special situations group, our code of business conduct and ethics contains a conflicts of interest policy that generally prohibits our directors, officers and personnel, as well as employees of our manager who provide services to us, from engaging in any transaction that involves an actual conflict of interest with us.
 
We have agreed to pay our manager a base management fee that is not tied to our performance and an incentive fee that is based entirely on our performance. The base management fee component may not sufficiently incentivize our manager to generate attractive risk-adjusted returns for us. The performance-based incentive fee component may cause our manager to place undue emphasis on the short-term maximization of net income,


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including through the use of leverage, to achieve higher incentive distributions. This could result in increased risk to the value of our portfolio of assets at the expense of other objectives, such as preservation of capital.
 
Equity interests in Clayton representing a controlling majority interest are held by an investment fund managed by Greenfield Partners, and the chief executive officer of Rialto is currently the representative of a minority equity owner on the board of managers of Clayton. Neither Greenfield nor Rialto will be involved on our behalf in the negotiation of any fees we agree to pay Clayton in respect of its services.
 
Operating and Regulatory Structure
 
REIT Qualification and 1940 Act Exemption
 
In connection with this offering, we intend to elect to qualify as a REIT under Sections 856 through 860 of the Internal Revenue Code commencing with our taxable year ending on December 31, 2009. We believe that we have been organized in conformity with the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code and that our intended manner of operation will enable us to meet the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT. To qualify as a REIT, we must meet on a continuing basis, through organizational and actual investment and operating results, various complex requirements under the Internal Revenue Code relating to, among other things, the sources of our gross income, the composition and values of our assets, our distribution levels and the diversity of ownership of our shares. If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year and do not qualify for certain statutory relief provisions, we will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at regular corporate rates and may be precluded from qualifying as a REIT for the four taxable years following the year during which we failed to qualify as a REIT. Even if we qualify for taxation as a REIT, we may be subject to some U.S. federal, state and local taxes on our income or property. Any distributions paid by us generally will not be eligible for taxation at the preferred U.S. federal income tax rates that currently apply to certain dividends and other distributions received by individuals from taxable corporations.
 
We intend to conduct our operations so as not to become required to register as an investment company under the 1940 Act. Because we are a holding company that will conduct our businesses through wholly-owned or majority-owned subsidiaries, the equity securities issued by these subsidiaries that are excepted from the definition of “investment company” under Section 3(c)(1) or Section 3(c)(7) of the 1940 Act, together with any other investment securities we may own, may not have a combined value in excess of 40% of the value of our total assets on an unconsolidated basis, which we refer to as the 40% test. This requirement limits the types of businesses in which we may engage through our subsidiaries.
 
Certain of our subsidiaries intend to rely upon the exemption from registration as an investment company under the 1940 Act pursuant to Section 3(c)(5)(C) of the 1940 Act, which is available for entities “primarily engaged in the business of purchasing or otherwise acquiring mortgages and other liens on and interests in real estate.” This exemption generally requires that at least 55% of each such subsidiary’s portfolio must be comprised of qualifying assets and at least another 25% of each of their portfolios must be comprised of real estate-related assets under the 1940 Act (and no more than 20% comprised of non-qualifying or non-real estate-related assets). We expect each of our subsidiaries relying on Section 3(c)(5)(C) to rely on guidance published by the SEC staff or on our analyses of guidance published with respect to other types of assets to determine which assets are qualifying real estate assets and real estate- related assets. For example, existing restrictions will limit the ability of our Section 3(c)(5)(c) subsidiaries to invest directly in mortgage-backed securities that represent less than the entire ownership in a pool of mortgage loans, debt and equity tranches of securitizations and certain ABS and real estate companies or non-real estate-related assets. To the extent that the SEC staff publishes new or different guidance with respect to these matters, we may be required to adjust our strategy accordingly.
 
Any Legacy Securities PPIF in which we acquire an interest, including the AB PPIF, will likely rely on Section 3(c)(7) for its 1940 Act exemption. As a result, the treatment of our Section 3(c)(5)(C) subsidiaries’ interest in the AB PPIF or any other Legacy Securities PPIF as a real estate-related asset for purposes of the subsidiaries’ Section 3(c)(5)(C) analysis has not been determined. We will discuss with the SEC staff how such interest in the AB PPIF or any other Legacy Securities PPIF should be treated for purposes of the subsidiaries’ Section 3(c)(5)(C) analysis. Depending on this determination, we may need to adjust our assets and strategy in order for our subsidiaries to continue to rely on Section 3(c)(5)(C) for their respective


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1940 Act exemptions. Any such adjustment is not expected to have a material adverse effect on our business or strategy at this time. Although we intend to monitor our portfolio periodically and prior to each investment acquisition, there can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain this exemption from registration for each of our subsidiaries. If any of our subsidiaries are not able to maintain the exemption under Section 3(c)(5)(C), our interests in such subsidiary would constitute an “investment security” for purposes of determining whether we pass the 40% test.
 
We may in the future organize financing subsidiaries that will borrow under the TALF. We expect that these TALF subsidiaries will rely on Section 3(c)(7) for their 1940 Act exemption and, therefore, our interest in each of these TALF subsidiaries would constitute an “investment security” for purposes of determining whether we pass the 40% test. In addition, if we organize financing subsidiaries in the future that will borrow under the TALF, we anticipate that some of these subsidiaries may be organized to rely on the 1940 Act exemption provided to certain structured financing vehicles by Rule 3a-7 under the 1940 Act. We expect that the aggregate value of our interests in TALF subsidiaries and other subsidiaries that may in the future seek to rely on Rule 3a-7, if any, will comprise less than 20% of our total assets on an unconsolidated basis.
 
There can be no assurance that the laws and regulations governing the 1940 Act status of REITs, or the guidance from the Division of Investment Management of the SEC regarding the treatment of assets as qualifying real estate assets or real estate-related assets, will not change in a manner that adversely affects our operations. To the extent that the SEC staff provides more specific guidance regarding any of the matters bearing upon our exclusion from the need to register under the 1940 Act, we may be required to adjust our strategy accordingly. Any additional guidance from the SEC staff could provide additional flexibility to us, or it could further inhibit our ability to pursue the strategies we have chosen. Further, although we intend to monitor our portfolio, there can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain our exclusion from registration as an investment company under the 1940 Act. If we fail to qualify for this exclusion in the future, we could be required to restructure our activities or the activities of our subsidiaries, including effecting sales of assets in a manner that, or at a time when, we would not otherwise choose to do so, which could negatively affect the value of our common stock, the sustainability of our business model and our ability to make distributions. The sale could occur during adverse market conditions, and we could be forced to accept a price below that which we believe is appropriate.
 
Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer of Our Common Stock
 
To assist us in complying with the limitations on the concentration of ownership of a REIT imposed by the Internal Revenue Code, among other purposes, our charter prohibits, with certain exceptions, any stockholder from beneficially or constructively owning, applying certain attribution rules under the Internal Revenue Code, more than 9.8% by value or number of shares, whichever is more restrictive, of our outstanding shares of common stock or our outstanding capital stock. Our board of directors may, in its sole discretion, waive the 9.8% ownership limit with respect to a particular stockholder if it is presented with evidence satisfactory to it that such ownership will not then or in the future jeopardize our qualification as a REIT.
 
Our charter also prohibits any person from, among other things:
 
  •      beneficially or constructively owning shares of our capital stock that would result in our being “closely held” under Section 856(h) of the Internal Revenue Code, or otherwise cause us to fail to qualify as a REIT; and
 
  •      transferring shares of our capital stock if such transfer would result in our capital stock being beneficially owned by fewer than 100 persons.
 
In addition, our charter provides that any ownership or purported transfer of our capital stock in violation of the 9.8% ownership limit or the first restriction described in the preceding paragraph will result in the shares so owned or transferred being automatically transferred to a charitable trust for the benefit of a charitable beneficiary and the purported owner or transferee acquiring no rights in such shares. If a transfer of shares of our capital stock would result in our capital stock being beneficially owned by fewer than 100 persons or a transfer to a charitable trust as described above would be ineffective for any reason to prevent a violation of the other restrictions on ownership and transfer of our capital stock, the transfer resulting in such violation will be void from the time of such purported transfer.


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THE OFFERING
 
Common stock offered by us 25,000,000 shares (plus up to an additional 3,750,000 shares of our common stock that we may issue and sell upon the exercise of the underwriters’ overallotment option).
 
Common stock to be outstanding after this offering 27,162,500 shares.(1)
 
Use of proceeds We intend to use the net proceeds of this offering and the concurrent private placement to acquire assets within our target asset classes in accordance with our objectives and strategies described in this prospectus. As a result of the pre-qualification of AllianceBernstein, together with Greenfield and Rialto as two of its sub-advisors, by the U.S. Treasury as an initial PPIF manager under the Legacy Securities Program, we currently expect to deploy between 30% to 40% of the net proceeds from this offering and the concurrent private placement to acquire a minority interest in the AB PPIF. We also expect that, in addition to our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF, our initial focus will be on acquiring (or otherwise gaining exposure to) primarily CMBS and non-Agency RMBS with a secondary focus on Agency RMBS, and over time on our other target asset classes including commercial and residential mortgage loans, with (where applicable) borrowings through the TALF, as well as through securitizations and other sources of funding. Until appropriate assets can be identified or until we receive capital calls from the AB PPIF, our manager may invest the net proceeds of this offering and the concurrent private placement in interest-bearing short-term investments, including money market accounts and/or funds, that are consistent with our intention to qualify as a REIT. These initial investments are expected to provide a lower net return than we will seek to achieve from our assets. Prior to the time we have fully used the net proceeds of this offering and the concurrent private placement to acquire our assets, we may fund our quarterly distributions out of such net proceeds. See “Use of Proceeds.”
 
Distribution policy We intend to make regular quarterly distributions to holders of our common stock. U.S. federal income tax law generally requires that a REIT distribute annually at least 90% of its REIT taxable income, without regard to the deduction for dividends paid and excluding net capital gains, and that it pay tax at regular corporate rates to the extent that it annually distributes less than 100% of its net taxable income. We generally intend over time to pay quarterly dividends in an amount equal to our net taxable income. We plan to pay our first dividend in respect of the period from the closing of this offering through December 31, 2009 which may be prior to the time that we have fully deployed the net proceeds from this offering in assets within our target asset classes.
 
Any distributions we make will be at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend upon, among other things, our actual results of operations and restrictions under Maryland law. These results and our ability to pay distributions will be affected by various factors, including the net interest and other income from our


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portfolio, our operating expenses and any other expenditure. For more information, see “Distribution Policy.”
 
Proposed NYSE symbol “FSQR”
 
Ownership and transfer restrictions To assist us in complying with limitations on the concentration of ownership of a REIT imposed by the Internal Revenue Code and for other purposes, our charter generally prohibits, among other prohibitions, any stockholder from beneficially or constructively owning more than 9.8% by value or number of shares, whichever is more restrictive, of our outstanding shares of common stock or our outstanding capital stock. See “Description of Capital Stock — Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer.”
 
Risk factors Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully read and consider the information set forth under the heading “Risk Factors” in this prospectus and all other information in this prospectus before investing in our common stock.
 
 
(1) Includes 1,500,000 shares of our common stock to be sold to AllianceBernstein and the other owners of our manager, or their respective affiliates and certain of their executives and consultants, in a concurrent private placement and restricted common stock units which we intend to grant to our manager upon the closing of this offering. Excludes shares of our common stock that we may issue and sell upon a partial or full exercise of the underwriters’ overallotment option.
 
Our Corporate Information
 
Our principal executive offices are located at 1345 Avenue of the Americas, New York, New York 10105. Our telephone number is (212) 969-1646. Our website is www.fsqr.com. The contents of our website are not a part of this prospectus. The information on our website is not intended to form a part of or be incorporated by reference into this prospectus.


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RISK FACTORS
 
Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the following risk factors and all other information contained in this prospectus before purchasing our common stock. If any of the following risks occur, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. In that case, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and you may lose some or all of your investment.
 
Risks Related to Our Relationship With Our Manager
 
We are dependent on our manager and AllianceBernstein and their key personnel for our success, and we may not find suitable replacements if our agreements with them are terminated, or if their key personnel become unavailable to us, which could have material adverse effect on our performance.
 
We have no separate facilities and are completely reliant on our manager. Our manager has significant discretion as to the implementation of our investment and operating policies and strategies. Our manager, in turn, is relying on its advisory agreement with AllianceBernstein to fulfill our manager’s duties to us. Accordingly, we believe that our success will depend to a significant extent upon the efforts, experience, diligence, skill and network of business contacts of the executive officers and key personnel of our manager and AllianceBernstein. The departure of any of the executive officers or key personnel of our manager or AllianceBernstein could have a material adverse effect on our performance. In addition, we offer no assurance that our manager will remain our manager or that AllianceBernstein will continue its advisory agreements with our manager, or that we will continue to have access to any of their respective principals and professionals. The initial terms of our management agreement with our manager and the advisory agreement between our manager and AllianceBernstein each only extends until the third anniversary of the closing of this offering, with automatic one-year extension terms starting on the third anniversary of the closing of this offering, unless previously terminated. The management agreement with our manager is subject to termination within a certain period prior to the end of any term by either party, and the advisory agreement will automatically terminate when the management agreement is terminated. In addition, AllianceBernstein has the right to terminate the advisory agreement effective as of 36 months after the date of this offering, as long as it has given 180 days’ prior written notice. If any of those agreements is terminated and no suitable replacement is found, we may not be able to execute our business plan.
 
Initially, we will have no employees. Moreover, each of our officers and non-independent directors is also an employee of, or consultant to, our manager or one of its owners, and most of them have responsibilities and commitments in addition to their responsibilities to us. None of our manager, AllianceBernstein, Greenfield, Rialto or Flexpoint Ford is obligated to dedicate any of its personnel exclusively to us, nor is our manager or its personnel obligated to dedicate any specific portion of its or their time to our business.
 
AllianceBernstein will rely on the sub-advisors for specialized advisory support. To the extent AllianceBernstein is unable to continue to retain the services of one or more of the sub-advisors, or we fail to realize the expected benefits from AllianceBernstein’s arrangements with the sub-advisors, our performance will be materially adversely affected. In addition, we have no contractual relationship with the sub-advisors and may have no recourse against them if their actions, performance or non-performance adversely affects us.
 
AllianceBernstein and our manager will enter into a sub-advisory agreement with each of the sub-advisors upon completion of this offering. While we expect to derive significant benefits from AllianceBernstein’s arrangements with the sub-advisors, we will not be a party to the sub-advisory agreements; therefore, we will have no rights to enforce those agreements and we will be dependent upon AllianceBernstein to manage and monitor the sub-advisors effectively. We offer no assurance that AllianceBernstein will be able to derive the expected benefits from the sub-advisor arrangements or that AllianceBernstein will be able to continue to retain the services of the sub-advisors. The initial term of each of the sub-advisory agreements will extend for three years from the closing of this offering, with automatic one-year extension terms starting on the third anniversary of the closing of this offering, unless previously terminated, and subject to termination if and when our management agreement with our manager is terminated. In addition, each sub-advisor and the


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consultant has the right to terminate its respective sub-advisory agreement or the consulting agreement, as the case may be, each effective as of 36 months after the date of this offering, as long as it has given 180 days’ prior written notice. If one or both of the sub-advisory agreements is terminated and no suitable replacement is found, we may be adversely affected and we may not be able to execute certain aspects of our business plan. AllianceBernstein and its sub-advisors have a limited history of working together. To the extent they are unable to work constructively and efficiently with one another or are unable to work in a manner that allows our manager to draw upon their respective core competencies, our performance could be materially adversely affected. Further, any disagreement among our manager and AllianceBernstein and either of its sub-advisors could limit our ability to acquire assets, could prove distracting and could hamper the performance of our manager and our ability to achieve our objectives.
 
Our manager’s structure requiring unanimous member voting without any deadlock resolution provisions could adversely affect our manager and us.
 
Our manager’s structure requires unanimous approval of all members or, in some cases, all members except Flexpoint Fund L.P., on many significant manager activities relating to the manager’s obligations to us under our management agreement. The limited liability company agreement of our manager does not provide any procedure or process for resolving any deadlocks that may occur under such voting provisions. An absence of a needed consensus of the members of our manager on any significant matter concerning us could result in a manager breach of the management agreement or an inability to perform activities on our behalf, which could have a material adverse effect upon us, our business and our stockholders. See “Our Manager and the Management Agreement — Manager Control and Ownership.”
 
Neither AllianceBernstein nor our manager has any experience operating a REIT and we cannot assure you that our manager’s past experience will be sufficient to successfully manage our business, achieve our objectives or comply with regulatory requirements.
 
Neither AllianceBernstein nor our manager has ever operated a REIT. The REIT provisions of the Internal Revenue Code are highly technical and complex, and any failure to comply with those provisions in a timely manner could prevent us from qualifying as a REIT or force us to pay unexpected taxes and penalties. In addition, our manager and AllianceBernstein also have no experience operating a business in compliance with the numerous technical restrictions and limitations set forth in the 1940 Act applicable to REITs. As a result, we cannot assure you that we will be able to successfully operate as a REIT or comply with regulatory requirements applicable to REITs, which would materially adversely affect our net income and our ability to make or sustain distributions to our stockholders and we could incur a loss.
 
The historical performance of AllianceBernstein and the sub-advisors in other endeavors may not be indicative of our performance as our focus is different from that of other entities and accounts that are or have been managed by AllianceBernstein, the sub-advisors and their respective affiliates.
 
Our focus is related but differentiated from those of other entities and accounts that are or have been managed by AllianceBernstein, the sub-advisors and their respective affiliates. AllianceBernstein and the sub-advisors have never before worked together as a group to advise an investment vehicle. On an individual basis, each of them may have experience with certain of our target asset classes, but each of them has different core competencies. As an example, AllianceBernstein’s special situations group has significant experience managing mortgage-backed securities but less experience investing in whole loans. In addition, we have developed expected leverage parameters based upon current market conditions, and our asset acquisition objectives are different from the leverage strategies employed by AllianceBernstein and the sub-advisors in their separate investment activities. We intend to take advantage of government programs such as the TALF and the PPIP’s Legacy Securities Program which have not been available in the past. Furthermore, we intend to qualify as a REIT, which will limit our ability to utilize hedging strategies that have been and are being used by AllianceBernstein in its other investment activities. Accordingly, the historical returns of AllianceBernstein, the sub-advisors and their respective affiliates are not indicative of the performance for our strategy and we can offer no assurance that our manager will replicate the historical performance of the investment


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professionals of AllianceBernstein, the sub-advisors and their respective affiliates in their previous endeavors. Our returns could be substantially lower than the returns achieved by such investment professionals’ previous endeavors.
 
There are various conflicts of interest in our relationship with our manager and its owners, which could result in decisions that are not in the best interests of our stockholders or opportunities that are not made available to us by AllianceBernstein, the sub-advisors or the consultant.
 
We are subject to conflicts of interest arising out of our relationship with our manager and its owners. Specifically, each of our officers and non-independent directors is also an employee of, or consultant to, our manager or one of its owners. Our manager and our officers may have conflicts between their duties to us and their duties to, and interests in, our manager and its owners. AllianceBernstein will be subject to contractual arrangements with respect to the AB PPIF that are separate and distinct from the arrangements that AllianceBernstein has with our manager in connection with our manager’s management of us. At any given time, our manager may be expected to have interests with respect to managing the AB PPIF that are actually or potentially in conflict with our interests. For additional information relating to the AB PPIF, see “Business — Our Financing Strategy — The AB PPIF.”
 
AllianceBernstein manages assets for other clients, including those within its special situations group, which participate in some or all of our target asset classes. Accordingly, opportunities which may be appropriate for us may also be appropriate for accounts or investment vehicles managed by AllianceBernstein. As a result, AllianceBernstein may have clients, including those within its special situations group, that compete directly with us for opportunities. Therefore, we may compete with AllianceBernstein for investment or financing opportunities sourced by AllianceBernstein within its special situations group. In particular, the investment personnel of the special situations group of AllianceBernstein have been and expect to continue to be active in managing mortgage-related and other securitized assets. Further, they may broaden their focus in the future to encompass other of our target asset classes. There is no assurance that AllianceBernstein’s allocation policies applicable to its special situations group that address some of the conflicts relating to our access to investment and financing sources from that group, which are described under “Management — Conflicts of Interest,” will be adequate to address all of the conflicts that may arise.
 
The sub-advisors each also manage assets for other clients, who may, currently or in the future, from time to time participate in some or all of our target asset classes. In particular, the sub-advisors have actively acquired or considered acquiring, or caused entities they advise or manage to acquire, whole loans and loan portfolios. We expect each sub-advisor to continue to actively pursue these assets. Further, they may broaden their focus in the future to encompass other of our target asset classes. The sub-advisors and the consultant have no allocation policies (although they will be required to adopt policies relating to assets eligible for purchase by the AB PPIF) and each owes contractual and fiduciary duties to its investors. Neither the sub-advisors nor the consultant are obligated to identify or recommend assets or co-investment opportunities for us. As a result, we can offer no assurances as to whether or what types of opportunities they will make available to AllianceBernstein arising from their respective rights to present us with co-investment opportunities in purchases of certain types of assets or otherwise. We may compete with one or more of the sub-advisors or the consultant and their respective clients for assets and for financing opportunities sourced by them. None of the sub-advisors or the consultant is registered as an investment adviser with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, and, in addition, neither we nor our stockholders will be afforded the benefit of our manager being registered under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940.
 
As a result of the potentially competing interests of AllianceBernstein, the sub-advisors and the consultant, we may either not be presented with the opportunity or have to compete with AllianceBernstein, the sub-advisors and the consultant and their respective clients to acquire assets or have access to sources of financing. Additionally, all of the initial members of our manager’s investment committee are officers or employees of, or consultants to, AllianceBernstein, one of the sub-advisors or the consultant. Actions by the investment committee will require the approval of each of AllianceBernstein, Greenfield and Rialto who, in each case, will participate through senior investment professionals. Each vote entitled to be cast on the investment committee may used to veto asset purchases which are outside the parameters established by the


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investment committee. Accordingly, any disagreements among AllianceBernstein and either of the sub-advisors could hinder our ability to acquire assets and conduct our operations.
 
Concurrently with the closing of this offering, we will sell to AllianceBernstein and the other owners of our manager, or their respective affiliates and certain of their executives and consultants, in a separate private placement, an aggregate of 1,500,000 shares representing 6% of the shares of our common stock issued in this offering, excluding the underwriters’ overallotment option, at a price per share equal to the initial public offering price per share in this offering. Each of the purchasers in the concurrent private placement may sell any of these securities at any time following the expiration of an 18-month lock-up period from the date of this prospectus. To the extent that members of our senior management team and affiliates of our manager sell some of these securities, their interests may be less aligned with our interests.
 
None of our manager, the advisor, the sub-advisors, the consultant or their personnel is required to devote a specific amount of time to our operations, which may result in our not receiving sufficient support particularly during times of market turbulence.
 
Neither our manager nor any of its owners, including AllianceBernstein in its capacity as advisor; Greenfield and Rialto, as sub-advisors; and Flexpoint Ford as a consultant or any of their personnel, is required to devote a specific amount of time to our operations. Because these organizations and individuals serve other clients in addition to us, it is difficult to estimate the amount of time any of them will allocate to our business. The ability of our manager, AllianceBernstein, the sub-advisors and the consultant and their officers and personnel to engage in other business activities may reduce the time they spend managing us or providing advice under the sub-advisory or consulting agreements. At times when there are turbulent conditions in the mortgage markets or distress in the credit markets or other times when we will need focused support and assistance from AllianceBernstein and the sub-advisors, entities for which AllianceBernstein or one of the sub-advisors also acts as an investment manager will likewise require greater focus and attention, placing AllianceBernstein’s and the sub-advisors’ resources in high demand. In such situations, we may not receive the level of support and assistance that we may receive if we were internally managed or if AllianceBernstein did not act as a manager for other entities, and the sub-advisors and the consultant may not provide AllianceBernstein with the same level of support as they would provide if they did not have other obligations.
 
We do not have a policy that expressly prohibits our directors, the manager, the advisor, the sub-advisors or the consultant, or their respective officers and employees from engaging for their own account in business activities which may compete with us.
 
Our code of conduct generally prohibits our directors and officers and employees of our manager who provide services to us from engaging in any transaction that involves an actual conflict of interest with us. However, we have no policy that expressly prohibits our directors, the manager, the advisor, the sub-advisors or the consultant, or their respective officers and employees from engaging for their own account in business activities of the type conducted by us. We could be adversely affected if any of those entities or personnel engaged in activities which are competitive with us. For example, we may not be able to acquire a sufficient amount of assets generally or of a particular type if there is limited supply and we are competing with those entities or personnel to acquire the assets. We may also be allocated a lesser amount of an attractive asset if the advisor, the sub-advisors or the consultant allocate portions of it to other clients.
 
The management agreement with our manager was not negotiated on an arm’s-length basis, may not be as favorable to us as if it had been negotiated with an unaffiliated third party.
 
Each of our officers and non-independent directors is also an employee of, or consultant to, our manager or one of its owners. Our management agreement with our manager was negotiated between related parties and its terms, including fees payable, may not be as favorable to us as if it had been negotiated with an unaffiliated third party.


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The management agreement with our manager may be difficult and costly for us to terminate.
 
Termination of the management agreement with our manager by us without cause is difficult and costly. Our independent directors will review our manager’s performance and the base management and incentive fees annually and, following the initial three-year term, the management agreement may be terminated by us annually upon the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of our independent directors based upon: (1) our manager’s unsatisfactory performance that is materially detrimental to us (which has remained uncured for 60 days after written notice by the independent directors), or (2) a determination that any fees payable to our manager are not fair, subject to our manager’s right to prevent termination based on unfair fees by accepting a reduction of management fees agreed to by at least two-thirds of our independent directors. Except as described in the preceding sentence, we do not have the right not to renew the management agreement unless the management agreement is otherwise terminated. Our manager will be provided 180 days’ prior notice of any such termination. Additionally, upon such a termination, which will be considered without cause, the management agreement provides that we will pay our manager a termination fee equal to three times the sum of (1) the average annual management fee and (2) the average annual incentive fee earned by our manager during the 24-month period prior to such termination, calculated as of the end of the most recently completed fiscal quarter. These provisions may increase the cost to us of terminating the management agreement and adversely affect our ability to terminate our manager without cause.
 
Our manager is only contractually committed to serve us until the third anniversary of the closing of this offering. Thereafter, the management agreement is renewable for one-year terms; provided, however, that our manager may terminate the management agreement effective as of 36 months after the date of this offering, as long as it has given 180 days’ prior written notice. A termination of the management agreement will result in a termination of each of the advisory agreement between AllianceBernstein and our manager, the sub-advisory agreements among AllianceBernstein, our manager and each sub-advisor and the consulting agreement among AllianceBernstein, our manager and the consultant. If the management agreement is terminated and no suitable replacement is found to manage us and provide the services provided under the advisory and sub-advisory agreements, we may not be able to execute our business plan.
 
Our board of directors has approved very broad target asset guidelines for our manager and will not approve each asset acquisition or disposition and financing decision made by our manager.
 
Our manager will be authorized to follow very broad target asset guidelines by our board of directors, and our manager will in turn give AllianceBernstein discretion to acquire or dispose of assets within those broad target asset guidelines. Our board of directors will periodically review our target asset guidelines and our portfolio of assets but will not, and will not be required to, review all of our proposed asset acquisitions, except that a purchase of a security structured or issued by an entity managed by AllianceBernstein or the other owners of the manager must be approved by a majority of our independent directors prior to such asset acquisition. In addition, in conducting periodic reviews, our board of directors may rely primarily on information provided to them by our manager. Furthermore, our manager may use complex strategies, and transactions entered into by our manager may be costly, difficult or impossible to unwind by the time they are reviewed by our board of directors. Our manager, and therefore AllianceBernstein, will have great latitude within the broad parameters of our target asset guidelines in determining the types and amounts of CMBS, non-Agency RMBS, mortgage loans and Agency RMBS it may decide are attractive for us, which could result in returns that are substantially below expectations or that result in losses, which would materially and adversely affect our business operations and results. Further, decisions made and asset acquisitions and financing arrangements entered into by our manager may not fully reflect the best interests of our stockholders.
 
Our manager’s management fee may reduce its incentive to devote its time and effort to seeking assets that offer attractive risk-adjusted returns for our portfolio because the fee is payable regardless of our performance.
 
We will pay our manager a base management fee regardless of the performance of our portfolio. Our manager’s entitlement to nonperformance-based compensation might reduce its incentive to devote its time


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and effort to seeking assets that provide attractive risk-adjusted returns for our portfolio. This in turn could hurt both our ability to make distributions to our stockholders and the market price of our common stock. In addition, in calculating the base management fee, unrealized gains and losses are excluded, which could incentivize our manager to sell appreciated assets and keep non-performing assets even though it may not be in our best interests to do so.
 
Our incentive fee may induce our manager to acquire certain assets, including speculative assets, which could increase the risk to our portfolio.
 
In addition to its management fee, our manager is entitled to receive incentive fees based on Core Earnings. In evaluating asset acquisition and other management strategies, the opportunity to earn incentive fees based on Core Earnings net income may lead our manager to place undue emphasis on the use of leverage to maximize the amounts of Core Earnings, at the expense of other criteria, such as preservation of capital, to achieve higher incentive fees. Assets with higher yield potential are generally riskier or more speculative. This could result in increased risk to the value of our portfolio of assets. In addition, in calculating the incentive fee, unrealized gains and losses are excluded, which could incentivize our manager to sell appreciated assets and keep non-performing assets even though it may not be in our best interests to do so.
 
If ownership interests held by any of the owners of our manager were transferred to a third party, this could result in a change in our objectives and cause us material harm.
 
Our manager is owned by AllianceBernstein, Greenfield, Rialto and Flexpoint Ford, or their respective affiliates. If any of them were to sell their ownership interests in the manager to a third party, that party might, subject to certain limitations, attempt to cause us to amend our policies to include objectives and governing terms that differ completely from those currently contemplated by us and described in this prospectus and any such sale would not require a vote of our board or our stockholders. If AllianceBernstein were to transfer its interest in our manager to a third party, a new controlling member of the manager could attempt to cause a sale or disposition of the manager to a third party without the approval of our stockholders. Upon the occurrence of a majority of the member interests (and any other voting interests) of our manager no longer being owned by AllianceBernstein or any of its affiliates (other than as a result of any restructuring, merger or acquisition with respect to AllianceBernstein or its affiliates), and the determination of at least a majority of our independent directors that such change of control would materially adversely affect our business would give us the right to terminate the management agreement. A new owner may not contribute to the manager. Even if it wanted to contribute, a new owner could employ professionals who are less experienced or who are less capable than the professionals made available by the departing owners. Further, the sale by one of the sub-advisors may impact the perception of the capabilities of our manager, which may negatively affect the price of our common stock. In addition, any such change or exercise of control could mean a change in the composition of the professionals working on our behalf, either through the appointment of new professionals or through the departure of dissatisfied professionals. If any of the foregoing were to occur, we could experience difficulty in acquiring new assets and our business, our results of operations and our financial condition could suffer materially.
 
Additionally, we cannot predict with any certainty the effect that any transfer in the ownership of the manager would have on the trading price of our common stock or our ability to raise capital or make asset acquisitions in the future because such matters would depend to a large extent on the identity of the new owner and the new owner’s intentions with regard to our business and affairs. As a result, the future of our company would be uncertain and the value of our portfolio, our results of operations and our financial condition could suffer materially.


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Risks Related to Our Company
 
We have no operating history and may not be able to successfully operate our business or generate sufficient revenue to make or sustain distributions to our stockholders.
 
We were incorporated in June 2009 and have no operating history. We have no assets and will commence operations only upon completion of this offering. We cannot assure you that we will be able to operate our business successfully or implement our operating policies and strategies as described in this prospectus. The results of our operations depend on several factors, including the availability of opportunities for the acquisition of assets, the level and volatility of interest rates, the availability of adequate short and long-term financing, our ability to enter into agreements with service providers, including Clayton, on terms acceptable to us, if at all, conditions in the financial markets and economic conditions.
 
There can be no assurance that the actions of the U.S. government, Federal Reserve, U.S. Treasury and other governmental and regulatory bodies for the purpose of stabilizing the financial markets, including the establishment of the TALF and the PPIP, or market response to those actions, will achieve the intended effect, and our business may not benefit from these actions and further government or market developments could adversely impact us.
 
In response to the financial issues affecting the banking system and the financial markets and going concern threats to investment banks and other financial institutions, the U.S. government, including the Federal Reserve and U.S. Treasury and other governmental and regulatory bodies, have taken action to stabilize the financial markets. Significant measures include: the enactment of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, or the EESA, which established the Troubled Asset Relief Program; the enactment of the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008, or the HERA, which established a new regulator for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac; and the establishment of the TALF and the PPIP.
 
Although the federal government has committed capital to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, there can be no assurance that these actions will be adequate for their needs. If these actions are inadequate, these entities could continue to suffer losses and could fail to honor their guarantees and other obligations which could materially adversely affect our business, operations and financial condition.
 
There can be no assurance that the EESA, HERA, TALF, PPIP or other recent U.S. government actions will have a significant or any beneficial impact on the financial markets. To the extent that markets do not respond favorably to these initiatives or these initiatives do not function as intended, our business may not receive the anticipated positive impact from such legislation or other U.S. government actions. There can also be no assurance that we (directly or indirectly through any financing vehicles we may form) will be eligible to participate in any programs established by the U.S. government, such as the TALF or the PPIP or, if we (directly or indirectly) are eligible, that we will be able to (directly or indirectly) utilize them successfully or at all. In addition, because these government programs are designed, in part, to restart the market for certain of our target asset classes, the establishment of these programs may result in increased competition for attractive opportunities in our target asset classes. It is also possible that our competitors may utilize the programs which would provide them with attractive debt financing and equity capital from the U.S. government. In addition, the U.S. government, the Federal Reserve, the U.S. Treasury and other governmental and regulatory bodies have taken or are considering taking other actions to address the financial crisis. We cannot predict whether or when such actions may occur, and such actions could have an adverse impact on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
 
We may change any of our strategies, policies or procedures without stockholder consent, which could result in our making acquisitions that are different from, and possibly riskier than, those described in this prospectus.
 
Subject to maintaining our exemption from registration under the 1940 Act, we may change any of our strategies, policies or procedures with respect to acquisitions, asset allocation, growth, operations, indebtedness, financing strategy and distributions at any time without the consent of our stockholders, which could result in our making acquisitions that are different from, and possibly riskier than, the types of acquisitions described in this prospectus. A change in our strategy may increase our exposure to credit risk,


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interest rate risk, financing risk, default risk and real estate market fluctuations. Furthermore, a change in our asset allocation could result in our making acquisitions in asset categories different from those described in this prospectus. In addition, our charter provides that our board of directors may revoke or otherwise terminate our REIT election, without approval of our stockholders, if it determines that it is no longer in our best interests to qualify as a REIT. These changes could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, the market price of our common stock and our ability to make distributions to our stockholders.
 
Loss of our 1940 Act exemption would adversely affect us, the market price of shares of our common stock and our ability to distribute dividends, and could result in the termination of the management agreement with our manager, the advisory and administrative services agreements with AllianceBernstein or AllianceBernstein’s sub-advisory agreements with the sub-advisors.
 
We intend to conduct our operations so as not to become required to register as an investment company under the 1940 Act. Because we are a holding company that will conduct our businesses through wholly-owned or majority-owned subsidiaries, the equity securities issued by these subsidiaries that are excepted from the definition of “investment company” under Section 3(c)(1) or Section 3(c)(7) of the 1940 Act, together with any other investment securities we may own, may not have a combined value in excess of 40% of the value of our total assets on an unconsolidated basis, which we refer to as the 40% test. This requirement limits the types of businesses in which we may engage through our subsidiaries.
 
Certain of our subsidiaries intend to rely upon the exemption from registration as an investment company under the 1940 Act pursuant to Section 3(c)(5)(C) of the 1940 Act, which is available for entities “primarily engaged in the business of purchasing or otherwise acquiring mortgages and other liens on and interests in real estate.” This exemption generally requires that at least 55% of each such subsidiary’s portfolio must be comprised of qualifying assets and at least another 25% of each of their portfolios must be comprised of real estate-related assets under the 1940 Act (and no more than 20% comprised of non-qualifying or non-real estate-related assets). Qualifying assets for this purpose include mortgage loans and other assets, such as whole-pool Agency RMBS, certain mezzanine loans and B-notes and other interests in real estate that the SEC staff, in various no-action letters, has determined are the functional equivalent of mortgage loans for the purposes of the 1940 Act. As a result of the foregoing restrictions, we will be limited in our ability to make certain investments. We expect each of our subsidiaries relying on Section 3(c)(5)(C) to rely on guidance published by the SEC staff or on our analyses of guidance published with respect to other types of assets to determine which assets are qualifying real estate assets and real estate-related assets. For example, these restrictions will limit the ability of our subsidiaries to invest directly in mortgage-backed securities that represent less than the entire ownership in a pool of mortgage loans, debt and equity tranches of securitizations and certain ABS and real estate companies or in non-real estate-related assets. To the extent that the SEC staff publishes new or different guidance with respect to these matters, we may be required to adjust our strategy accordingly.
 
We intend to treat investments in construction loans as qualifying real estate assets. With respect to construction loans which are funded over time, we will consider the outstanding balance (i.e., the amount of the loan actually drawn) as a qualified real estate asset. We note that the staff of the SEC has not provided any guidance on the treatment of partially funded loans, and any such guidance may require us to change our strategy.
 
We intend to treat as real estate-related assets CMBS, non-Agency RMBS, debt and equity securities of companies primarily engaged in real estate businesses, agency partial pool certificates and securities issued by pass-through entities of which substantially all of the assets consist of qualifying assets and/or real estate-related assets. Any Legacy Securities PPIF in which we acquire an interest, including the AB PPIF, will likely rely on Section 3(c)(7) for its 1940 Act exemption. As a result, the treatment of our Section 3(c)(5)(C) subsidiaries’ interest in the AB PPIF or any other Legacy Securities PPIF as a real estate-related asset for purposes of the subsidiaries’ Section 3(c)(5)(C) analysis has not been determined. We will discuss with the SEC staff how such interest in the AB PPIF or any other Legacy Securities PPIF should be treated for purposes of the subsidiaries’ Section 3(c)(5)(C) analysis. Depending on this determination, we many need to adjust our assets and strategy in order for our subsidiaries to continue to rely on Section 3(c)(5)(C) for their respective 1940 Act exemptions. Any such adjustment is not expected to have a material adverse effect on our


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business or strategy at this time. Although we intend to monitor our portfolio periodically and prior to each investment acquisition, there can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain this exemption from registration for each of these subsidiaries. If any of our subsidiaries is not able to maintain the exemption under Section 3(c)(5)(C), our interests in such subsidiary would constitute an “investment security” for purposes of determining whether we pass the 40% test. It is anticipated that Legacy Securities PPIFs will not give private investors voluntary withdrawal rights, so if these subsidiaries are not able maintain the exemption under Section 3(c)(5)(C), we may not be able to dispose of such interests in order to pass the 40% test. This may cause us to liquidate other assets at an inopportune time when prices are depressed, which could cause us to incur a loss. For additional information relating to the AB PPIF, see “Business — Our Financing Strategy — The AB PPIF.”
 
We may in the future organize financing subsidiaries that will borrow under the TALF. We expect that these TALF subsidiaries will rely on Section 3(c)(7) for their 1940 Act exemption and, therefore, our interest in each of these TALF subsidiaries would constitute an “investment security” for purposes of determining whether we pass the 40% test. In addition, if we organize financing subsidiaries in the future that will borrow under the TALF, we anticipate that some of these subsidiaries may be organized to rely on the 1940 Act exemption provided to certain structured financing vehicles by Rule 3a-7 under the 1940 Act. To the extent that we organize subsidiaries that rely on Rule 3a-7 for an exemption from the 1940 Act, these subsidiaries will need to comply with the restrictions contained in this Rule. In light of such requirements, our ability to manage assets held in a financing subsidiary that complies with Rule 3a-7 will be limited and we may not be able to purchase or sell assets owned by that subsidiary when we would otherwise desire to do so, which could lead to losses. We expect that the aggregate value of our interests in TALF subsidiaries and other subsidiaries that may in the future seek to rely on Rule 3a-7, if any, will comprise less than 20% of our total assets on an unconsolidated basis.
 
The determination of whether an entity is a majority-owned subsidiary of our company is made by us. The 1940 Act defines a majority-owned subsidiary of a person as a company 50% or more of the outstanding voting securities of which are owned by such person or by another company which is a majority-owned subsidiary of such person. The 1940 Act further defines voting securities as any security presently entitling the owner or holder thereof to vote for the election of directors of a company. We treat companies in which we own at least a majority of the outstanding voting securities as majority-owned subsidiaries for purposes of the 40% test. We have not requested the SEC to approve our treatment of any company as a majority-owned subsidiary and the SEC has not done so. If the SEC were to disagree with our treatment of one or more companies as majority-owned subsidiaries, we would need to adjust our strategy and our assets in order to continue to pass the 40% test. Any such adjustment in our strategy could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
There can be no assurance that the laws and regulations governing the 1940 Act status of REITs, including the Division of Investment Management of the SEC providing more specific or different guidance regarding the treatment of assets as qualifying real estate assets or real estate-related assets, will not change in a manner that adversely affects our operations. To the extent that the SEC staff provides more specific guidance regarding any of the matters bearing upon such exclusions, we may be required to adjust our strategy accordingly. Any additional guidance from the SEC staff could provide additional flexibility to us, or it could further inhibit our ability to pursue the strategies we have chosen. Further, although we intend to monitor our portfolio, there can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain our exclusion from registration as an investment company under the 1940 Act. If we fail to qualify for this exclusion in the future, we could be required to restructure our activities or the activities of our subsidiaries, including effecting sales of assets in a manner that, or at a time when, we would not otherwise choose to do so, which could negatively affect the value of our common stock, the sustainability of our business model and our ability to make distributions. The sale could occur during adverse market conditions, and we could be forced to accept a price below that which we believe is appropriate. The loss of our 1940 Act exemption would also permit our manager to terminate the management agreement, in which event the advisory agreement between AllianceBernstein and our manager and the sub-advisory agreements among AllianceBernstein, our manager and each sub-advisor would automatically terminate, which could result in a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.


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We are highly dependent on information systems and systems failures could significantly disrupt our business, which may, in turn, negatively affect the market price of our common stock and our ability to pay dividends.
 
Our business is highly dependent on the communications and information systems of AllianceBernstein. Any failure or interruption of the systems of AllianceBernstein could cause delays or other problems in our securities trading activities, which could have a material adverse effect on our operating results and negatively affect the market price of our common stock and our ability to make or sustain distributions to our stockholders.
 
We have limited experience in making critical accounting estimates, and our future financial statements may be materially affected if our estimates prove to be inaccurate.
 
Financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP require the use of estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts. Different estimates, judgments and assumptions reasonably could be used that would have a material effect on the financial statements, and changes in these estimates, judgments and assumptions are likely to occur from period to period in the future. Significant areas of accounting requiring the application of management’s judgment include, but are not limited to, (1) assessing the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses and (2) determining the fair value of investment securities. These estimates, judgments and assumptions are inherently uncertain, and, if they prove to be wrong, then we face the risk that unanticipated charges to income will be required. In addition, because we have limited operating history in some of these areas and limited experience in making these estimates, judgments and assumptions, the risk of future charges to income may be greater than if we had more experience in these areas. Any such charges could significantly harm our business, financial condition, results of operations and the price of our securities. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates” for a discussion of the accounting estimates, judgments and assumptions that we believe are the most critical to an understanding of our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Risks Related to Financing and Hedging
 
We expect to use leverage in executing our business strategy, which may adversely affect the return on our assets and may reduce cash available for distribution to our stockholders, as well as increase losses when economic conditions are unfavorable.
 
We expect to use leverage to finance our assets through borrowings under programs established by the U.S. government such as the PPIP and the TALF to the extent available to us (through financing vehicles we may form or participate in), borrowings from repurchase agreements and other secured and unsecured forms of borrowing. Initially, while we expect to deploy limited, if any, recourse leverage on our CMBS, non-Agency RMBS and mortgage loan assets, we may expand the use of recourse leverage on these assets in the future. In addition, we may gain exposure to leverage (through our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF and one or more other PPIFs sponsored or managed by AllianceBernstein or its sub-advisors or their affiliates, or through financing vehicles we may form) under programs established by the U.S. government or others. Although we are not required to maintain any particular assets-to-equity leverage ratio, the amount of leverage we may deploy for particular assets will depend upon the availability of financing and our manager’s assessment of the credit and other risks of those assets.
 
The capital and credit markets have been experiencing extreme volatility and disruption since July 2007. Recently, concerns over inflation, deflation, energy price volatility, geopolitical issues, unemployment, the availability and cost of credit, the mortgage market and a declining real estate market have contributed to increased volatility and diminished expectations for the economy and markets. In a large number of cases, the markets have exerted downward pressure on stock prices and credit capacity for issuers. Our access to capital depends upon a number of factors over which we have little or no control, including:
 
  •      general market conditions;
 
  •      the market’s view of the quality of our assets;


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  •      the market’s perception of our growth potential;
 
  •      the market’s perception of the success or failure of the government initiatives;
 
  •      our eligibility to participate in and access capital from programs established by the U.S. government;
 
  •      our current and potential future earnings and cash distributions; and
 
  •      the market price of the shares of our capital stock.
 
Dramatic declines in the residential and commercial real estate markets, with decreasing home prices and increasing foreclosures and unemployment, have resulted in significant asset write-downs by financial institutions, which have caused many financial institutions to seek additional capital, to merge with other institutions and, in some cases, to fail. This has adversely affected one or more of our potential lenders and could cause one or more or potential lenders to be unwilling or unable to provide us with financing or to increase the costs of that financing. Current market conditions have affected different types of financing for mortgage-related assets to varying degrees, however, with some sources generally being unavailable, others being available but at a higher cost, while others being largely unaffected. For example, in the repurchase agreement market, non-Agency RMBS have been more difficult to finance than Agency RMBS. In connection with repurchase agreements, financing rates and advance rates, or haircut levels, have also increased. Repurchase agreement counterparties have taken these steps in order to compensate themselves for a perceived increased risk due to the illiquidity of the underlying collateral. In some cases, margin calls have forced borrowers to liquidate collateral in order to meet the capital requirements of these margin calls, resulting in losses.
 
Although we initially expect our primary financing sources to include non-recourse financings under the TALF and other programs established by the U.S. government to finance our CMBS, non-Agency RMBS and ABS, to the extent available to us (although our indirect ownership in the AB PPIF will not initially employ any leverage beyond that offered by the U.S. Treasury under the Legacy Securities Program) , we may in the future seek private funding sources to acquire these assets as well; in addition, we may be required to rely on these private funding sources if the programs established by the U.S. government are terminated. Institutions from which we seek to obtain financing may have owned or financed residential or commercial mortgage loans, real estate-related securities and real estate loans which have declined in value and caused losses as a result of the recent downturn in the markets. If one or more major market participants fails or otherwise experiences a major liquidity crisis, as was the case for Bear Stearns & Co. in March 2008 and Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. in September 2008, it could negatively impact the marketability of all fixed income securities, including our target asset classes, and this could negatively impact the value of the assets we acquire, thus reducing our net book value. Many lenders and institutional investors have reduced and, in some cases, ceased to provide funding to borrowers, including other financial institutions. If these conditions persist, these institutions may become insolvent. As a result of recent market events, it may be more difficult for us to secure nongovernmental financing as there are fewer institutional lenders and those remaining lenders have tightened their lending standards.
 
The return on our assets and cash available for distribution to our stockholders may be reduced to the extent that market conditions prevent us from leveraging our assets or cause the cost of our financing to increase relative to the income that can be derived from the assets acquired. Our financing costs will reduce cash available for distributions to stockholders. Any reduction in distributions to our stockholders may cause the value of our common stock to decline.
 
We may depend on certain financing methods to execute our business plan, and our inability to access funding could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and business.
 
We may use repurchase agreements, securitizations, resecuritizations, warehouse facilities, seller financing and bank credit facilities (including term loans and revolving facilities) as a strategy to increase the


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return on our assets. However, we may not be able to achieve our desired leverage for a number of reasons, including if the following events occur:
 
  •      our lenders do not make financing available to us at acceptable rates;
 
  •      certain of our lenders cease certain financing activities or exit the market altogether;
 
  •      our lenders require that we pledge additional collateral to cover our borrowings, which we may be unable to do; or
 
  •      we determine that the leverage would expose us to excessive risk.
 
Our ability to fund our acquisitions may be impacted by our ability to secure repurchase agreements, securitizations, resecuritizations, warehouse facilities, seller financing and bank credit facilities (including term loans and revolving facilities) on acceptable terms. We currently do not have any commitments for any of our proposed financing arrangements and can provide no assurance that lenders will be willing or able to provide us with sufficient financing. In addition, because repurchase agreements and warehouse facilities, seller financing are short-term commitments of capital, lenders may respond to market conditions making it more difficult for us to secure continued financing. If we are not able to renew our then existing facilities or arrange for new financing on terms acceptable to us, or if we default on our covenants or are otherwise unable to access funds under any of these facilities, we may have to curtail our asset acquisition activities and/or dispose of assets.
 
It is possible that the lenders that will provide us with financing could experience changes in their ability to advance funds to us, independent of our performance or the performance of our portfolio of assets. Furthermore, if many of our potential lenders are unwilling or unable to provide us with financing, we could be forced to sell our assets at an inopportune time when prices are depressed. In addition, if the regulatory capital requirements imposed on our lenders change, they may be required to significantly increase the cost of the financing that they provide to us. Our lenders also may revise their eligibility requirements for the types of assets they are willing to finance or the terms of such financings, based on, among other factors, the regulatory environment and their management of perceived risk, particularly with respect to assignee liability.
 
If our lenders require that we pledge collateral to cover our borrowings, the amount of financing we will receive will be directly related to the lenders’ valuation of the assets that secure the outstanding borrowings. For example, repurchase agreements typically grant the respective lender the absolute right to reevaluate the market value of the assets that secure outstanding borrowings at any time. If a lender determines in its sole discretion that the value of the assets has decreased, it has the right to initiate a margin call. A margin call would require us to transfer additional assets to such lender without any advance of funds from the lender for such transfer or to repay a portion of the outstanding borrowings. Any such margin call could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, business, liquidity and ability to make distributions to our stockholders, and could cause the value of our common stock to decline. We may be forced to sell assets at significantly depressed prices to meet such margin calls and to maintain adequate liquidity, which could cause us to incur losses. Moreover, to the extent we are forced to sell assets at such time, given market conditions, we may be selling at the same time as others facing similar pressures, which could exacerbate a difficult market environment and which could result in our incurring significantly greater losses on our sale of such assets. In an extreme case of market duress, a market may not even be present for certain of our assets at any price.
 
Our liquidity may also be adversely affected by margin calls to the extent our lenders require that we pledge collateral to cover our borrowings because we will be dependent in part on the lenders’ valuation of the collateral securing the financing. Any such margin call could harm our liquidity, results of operation, and financial condition. Additionally, in order to obtain cash to satisfy a margin call, we may be required to liquidate assets at a disadvantageous time, which could cause us to incur further losses and adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.


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We expect that certain of our financing facilities may contain covenants that restrict our operations and may inhibit our ability to grow our business and increase revenues.
 
We expect that certain of our financing facilities may contain restrictions, covenants, and representations and warranties that, among other things, may require us to satisfy specified financial, asset quality, loan eligibility and loan performance tests. If we fail to meet or satisfy any of these covenants or representations and warranties, we would be in default under these agreements and our lenders could elect to declare all amounts outstanding under the agreements to be immediately due and payable, enforce their respective interests against collateral pledged under such agreements and restrict our ability to make additional borrowings. We also expect our financing agreements will contain cross-default provisions, so that if a default occurs under any one agreement, the lenders under our other agreements could also declare a default.
 
The covenants and restrictions we expect in our financing facilities may restrict our ability to, among other things:
 
  •      incur or guarantee additional debt;
 
  •      make certain investments or acquisitions;
 
  •      make distributions on or repurchase or redeem capital stock;
 
  •      engage in mergers or consolidations;
 
  •      finance mortgage loans with certain attributes;
 
  •      reduce liquidity below certain levels;
 
  •      grant liens or incur operating losses for more than a specified period;
 
  •      enter into transactions with affiliates; and
 
  •      hold mortgage loans for longer than established time periods.
 
These restrictions may interfere with our ability to obtain financing, including the financing needed to qualify as a REIT, or to engage in other business activities, which may significantly limit or harm our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations. In addition, restrictions on our ability to pay distributions to our stockholders may adversely affect our ability to maintain our qualification as a REIT. A default and resulting repayment acceleration could significantly reduce our liquidity, which could require us to sell our assets to repay amounts due and outstanding. This could also significantly harm our business, financial condition, results of operations, and our ability to make distributions, which could cause the value of our common stock to decline. A default will also significantly limit our financing alternatives such that we will be unable to pursue our leverage strategy, which could curtail the returns on our assets.
 
Possible future securitizations may expose us to additional risks.
 
If available to us, we may sponsor securitizations as long-term financing transactions whereby we securitize our inventory of mortgage loans. We generally expect to structure these transactions so that they are treated as financing transactions, and not as sales, for federal income tax purposes, although we may structure some securitizations as sales. In our typical securitization structure, we would anticipate conveying a pool of assets to a financing vehicle, the issuing entity, and the issuing entity would issue one or more classes of notes pursuant to the terms of an indenture that would be secured solely by the pool of assets. In exchange for the transfer of assets to the issuing entity, we would receive the cash proceeds of the sale of notes and a 100% interest in the equity of the issuing entity. The securitization of our portfolio investments might magnify our exposure to losses on those portfolio investments because any equity interest we retain in the issuing entity would be subordinate to the notes issued to investors and we would, therefore, absorb all of the losses sustained with respect to a securitized pool of assets before the owners of the notes experience any losses. Further, we understand that the U.S. government and various regulators are considering proposals which would require entities sponsoring securitizations to maintain credit exposure to the underlying assets. Depending upon the nature of any proposals which get enacted, we may face incremental risks associated with securitization


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activity. Moreover, we cannot be assured that we will be able to access the securitization market at all, or be able to do so at favorable rates. An inability to securitize our portfolio could hurt our ability to grow our business.
 
If a counterparty to our repurchase transactions defaults on its obligation to resell the underlying security back to us at the end of the transaction term, or if the value of the underlying security has declined as of the end of that term, or if we default on our obligations under the repurchase agreement, we will lose money on our repurchase transactions.
 
When we engage in repurchase transactions, we will generally sell securities to lenders (i.e., repurchase agreement counterparties) and receive cash from the lenders. The lenders will be obligated to resell the same securities back to us at the end of the term of the transaction. Because the cash we will receive from the lender when we initially sell the securities to the lender is less than the value of those securities (this difference is the haircut), if the lender defaults on its obligation to resell the same securities back to us we would incur a loss on the transaction equal to the amount of the haircut (assuming there was no change in the value of the securities). We would also lose money on a repurchase transaction if the value of the underlying securities has declined as of the end of the transaction term, as we would have to repurchase the securities for their initial value but would receive securities worth less than that amount. Further, if we default on one of our obligations under a repurchase transaction, the lender will be able to terminate the transaction and cease entering into any other repurchase transactions with us. We expect that our repurchase agreements will contain cross-default provisions, so that if a default occurs under any one agreement, the lenders under our other agreements could also declare a default. If a default occurs under any of our repurchase agreements and the lenders terminate one or more of our repurchase agreements, we may need to enter into replacement repurchase agreements with different lenders. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in entering into such replacement repurchase agreements on the same terms as the repurchase agreements that were terminated or at all. Any losses we incur on our repurchase transactions could adversely affect our earnings and thus our cash available for distribution to our stockholders.
 
Our use of repurchase agreements to finance our Agency RMBS may give our lenders greater rights in the event that either we or a lender files for bankruptcy, including to repudiate our repurchase agreements.
 
In the event of our insolvency or bankruptcy, certain repurchase agreements may qualify for special treatment under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code, the effect of which, among other things, would be to allow the lender under the applicable repurchase agreement to avoid the automatic stay provisions of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code and to foreclose on the collateral agreement without delay. In the event of the insolvency or bankruptcy of a lender during the term of a repurchase agreement, the lender may be permitted, under applicable insolvency laws, to repudiate the contract, and our claim against the lender for damages may be treated simply as an unsecured creditor. In addition, if the lender is a broker or dealer subject to the Securities Investor Protection Act of 1970, or an insured depository institution subject to the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, our ability to exercise our rights to recover our securities under a repurchase agreement or to be compensated for any damages resulting from the lender’s insolvency may be further limited by those statutes. These claims would be subject to significant delay and, if and when received, may be substantially less than the damages we actually incur. Therefore, our use of repurchase agreements to finance our portfolio assets exposes our pledged assets to risk in the event of a bankruptcy filing by either a lender or us.
 
An increase in our borrowing costs relative to the interest we receive on our assets may adversely affect our profitability and our cash available for distribution to our stockholders.
 
As our repurchase agreements and other short-term borrowings mature, we will be required either to enter into new borrowings or to sell certain of our assets. An increase in short-term interest rates at the time that we seek to enter into new borrowings would reduce the spread between our returns on our assets and the cost of our borrowings. This would adversely affect our returns on our assets, which might reduce earnings and, in turn, cash available for distribution to our stockholders.


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We may enter into hedging transactions that could expose us to contingent liabilities in the future and adversely impact our financial condition.
 
Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT, part of our strategy may involve entering into hedging transactions that could require us to fund cash payments in certain circumstances (such as the early termination of the hedging instrument caused by an event of default or other early termination event, or the decision by a counterparty to request margin securities it is contractually owed under the terms of the hedging instrument). The amount due would be equal to the unrealized loss of the open swap positions with the respective counterparty and could also include other fees and charges. These economic losses will be reflected in our results of operations, and our ability to fund these obligations will depend on the liquidity of our assets and access to capital at the time, and the need to fund these obligations could adversely impact our financial condition.
 
Hedging against interest rate exposure may adversely affect our earnings, which could reduce our cash available for distribution to our stockholders.
 
Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT, we may pursue various hedging strategies to seek to reduce our exposure to adverse changes in interest rates. Any hedging activity will vary in scope based on the level and volatility of interest rates, the type of assets held and other changing market conditions. Interest rate hedging may fail to protect or could adversely affect us because, among other things:
 
  •      interest rate hedging can be expensive, particularly during periods of rising and volatile interest rates;
 
  •      available interest rate hedges may not correspond directly with the interest rate risk for which protection is sought;
 
  •      the duration of the hedge may not match the duration of the related liability;
 
  •      the amount of income that a REIT may earn from certain hedging transactions (other than through taxable REIT subsidiaries (or TRSs)) to offset interest rate losses is limited by U.S. federal tax provisions governing REITs;
 
  •      the credit quality of the hedging counterparty owing money on the hedge may be downgraded to such an extent that it impairs our ability to sell or assign our side of the hedging transaction; and
 
  •      the hedging counterparty owing money in the hedging transaction may default on its obligation to pay.
 
Any hedging transactions, which are intended to limit losses, may actually adversely affect our earnings, which could reduce our cash available for distribution to our stockholders.
 
In addition, hedging instruments involve risk since they often are not traded on regulated exchanges, guaranteed by an exchange or its clearing house, or regulated by any U.S. or foreign governmental authorities. Consequently, there are no requirements with respect to record keeping, financial responsibility or segregation of customer funds and positions. Furthermore, the enforceability of agreements underlying hedging transactions may depend on compliance with applicable statutory and commodity and other regulatory requirements and, depending on the identity of the counterparty, applicable international requirements. The business failure of a hedging counterparty with whom we enter into a hedging transaction will most likely result in its default. Default by a party with whom we enter into a hedging transaction may result in the loss of unrealized profits and force us to cover our commitments, if any, at the then current market price. Although generally we will seek to reserve the right to terminate our hedging positions, it may not always be possible to dispose of or close out a hedging position without the consent of the hedging counterparty and we may not be able to enter into an offsetting contract in order to cover our risk. We cannot assure you that a liquid secondary market will exist for hedging instruments purchased or sold, and we may be required to maintain a position until exercise or expiration, which could result in losses.


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Changes in accounting treatment may adversely affect our reported profitability.
 
In February 2008, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or the FASB, issued final guidance regarding the accounting and financial statement presentation for transactions that involve the acquisition of Agency RMBS from a counterparty and a subsequent financing of these securities through repurchase agreements with the same counterparty. We will evaluate our position based on the final guidance issued by FASB. If we do not meet the criteria under the final guidance to account for the transactions on a gross basis, our accounting treatment would not affect the economics of these transactions, but would affect how these transactions are reported on our financial statements. If we are not able to comply with the criteria under this final guidance for same-party transactions, we would be precluded from presenting Agency RMBS and the related financings, as well as the related interest income and interest expense, on a gross basis on our financial statements. Instead, we would be required to account for the purchase commitment and related repurchase agreement on a net basis and record a forward commitment to purchase Agency RMBS as a derivative instrument. Such forward commitments would be recorded at fair value with subsequent changes in fair value recognized in earnings. Additionally, we would record the cash portion of our investment in Agency RMBS as a mortgage-related receivable from the counterparty on our balance sheet. Although we would not expect this change in presentation to have a material impact on our net income, it could have an adverse impact on our operations. It could also have an impact on our ability to include certain Agency RMBS purchased and simultaneously financed from the same counterparty as qualifying real estate interests or real estate-related assets used to qualify under the exemption to not have to register as an investment company under the 1940 Act. It could also limit our investment opportunities as we may need to limit our purchases of Agency RMBS that are simultaneously financed with the same counterparty.
 
If we fail to qualify for hedge accounting treatment, our operating results may suffer because losses on the derivatives that we enter into may not be offset by a change in the fair value of the related hedged transaction.
 
We intend to record any derivative and hedging transactions in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards, or SFAS, No. 133, “Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities,” or SFAS 133. Under these standards, we may fail to qualify for hedge accounting treatment for a number of reasons, including if we use instruments that do not meet the SFAS 133 definition of a derivative (such as short sales), we fail to satisfy SFAS 133 hedge documentation and hedge effectiveness assessment requirements or our instruments are not highly effective. If we fail to qualify for hedge accounting treatment, our operating results may suffer because losses on any derivatives that we enter into may not be offset by a change in the fair value of the related hedged transaction.
 
Increased regulatory oversight of derivatives could adversely affect our hedging activities.
 
The Obama administration recently proposed a significant restructuring of the U.S. financial regulatory system. Among other things, the proposed reforms would increase regulatory oversight of financial derivatives. We expect to use derivative arrangements to hedge against changes in interest rates and, subject to our intention to continue to qualify as a REIT, to manage credit risk. Increased regulation of financial derivatives may make our hedging strategy more expensive to execute and reduce its effectiveness.
 
Risks Relating to the PPIP and TALF
 
There is no assurance that the pre-qualification of AllianceBernstein, together with Greenfield and Rialto as two of its sub-advisors, by the U.S. Treasury as an initial PPIF manager under the Legacy Securities Program will lead to establishment of the AB PPIF, or that the AB PPIF, if established, will be on terms acceptable for us as an investor.
 
AllianceBernstein, together with Greenfield and Rialto as two of its sub-advisors, has been pre-qualified by the U.S. Treasury as an initial PPIF manager under its Legacy Securities Program established under the PPIP. It is contemplated that AllianceBernstein, in partnership with the U.S. Treasury, will establish the AB PPIF which will be funded by the U.S. Treasury and private investors and managed by


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AllianceBernstein as fund manager with Greenfield and Rialto advising AllianceBernstein as two of its sub-advisors. Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT and our exemption from registration under the 1940 Act, we currently expect to deploy between 30% to 40% of the net proceeds from this offering and the concurrent private placement to acquire an indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF, if established. The establishment of the AB PPIF, however, is subject to a number of conditions, including raising at least $500 million of capital from private investors within the 12 weeks after July 8, 2009, negotiation of definitive documentation, completion of due diligence and other matters. The preliminary understandings between the U.S. Treasury and AllianceBernstein are by their terms not legally binding. No assurance can be made that the conditions to establishment of the AB PPIF will be fulfilled or that the AB PPIF will be established as envisioned at the present time or at all. There can be no assurance as to how the AB PPIF will operate once it is formed.
 
In addition, under the terms of the Legacy Securities Program, the U.S. Treasury has the right in its sole discretion to cease funding of committed but undrawn equity capital and debt financing to a specific fund, such as the AB PPIF, participating in the Legacy Securities Program. If this were to occur, we would likely be unable to obtain capital and debt financing on similar terms and such actions may adversely affect our ability to purchase eligible assets and may otherwise affect expected returns on our portfolio assets.
 
For additional information relating to the AB PPIF, see “Business — Our Financing Strategy — The AB PPIF.”
 
The AB PPIF, if established, as well as other PPIFs in which we may acquire interests, will operate independently of us and outside of our control, and may have interests that conflict with our interests.
 
Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT and our exemption from registration under the 1940 act, we currently expect to deploy between 30% to 40% of the net proceeds from this offering and the concurrent private placement to acquire an indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF and may acquire interests in other PPIFs sponsored or managed by AllianceBernstein or its sub-advisors or their affiliates. The AB PPIF and such other PPIFs will be funded, operated and managed under arrangements that are separate from us and outside of our control. As a result, the PPIFs in which we may acquire interests, including the AB PPIF, may have higher risk tolerances or different risk assessments than what we or our stockholders might determine is reasonable. Further, the AB PPIF may not be established. If for some reason the AB PPIF is not established or ceases to operate, we expect to deploy our capital to other assets within our targeted asset classes.
 
While we currently expect to purchase a significant interest in the AB PPIF, the terms of our indirect ownership interest are expected to provide that our interest is non-voting for so long as we are affiliated with the AB PPIF through our relationship with AllianceBernstein. As a result, we will not be able to influence any decisions made by the AB PPIF. While we may have voting interests in other PPIFs, we may not acquire a large enough interest to influence decisions made by those PPIFs either. Decisions made by the AB PPIF and other PPIFs sponsored or managed by AllianceBernstein or its sub-advisors or their affiliates in which we may acquire interests may be adverse to us and our stockholders. For example, we expect to have no influence over the timing of capital calls by the AB PPIF. To the extent the AB PPIF does not deploy capital within the timeframes we expect, we may not be able to start to receive the returns on our capital as quickly as we would like, but we nevertheless will need to maintain sufficient capital available to satisfy our capital call obligation to the AB PPIF. For additional information relating to the AB PPIF, see “Business — Our Financing Strategy — The AB PPIF.”
 
AllianceBernstein, and Greenfield and Rialto as two of its sub-advisors with respect to the AB PPIF, will be subject to contractual arrangements with respect to the AB PPIF that are separate and distinct from the arrangements that AllianceBernstein, Greenfield and Rialto respectively will have with our manager with respect to its management of us. At any time or from time to time, AllianceBernstein, Greenfield and Rialto may be expected to have interests with respect to managing the AB PPIF (or acting as sub-advisors to AllianceBernstein) that are actually or potentially in conflict with our interests.


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We may not be able to withdraw our funds from the PPIFs in which we may acquire interests and such PPIFs may not make distributions to their holders, including us, when we expect, if at all, which may materially adversely affect our liquidity position and ability to make or sustain dividends to our stockholders.
 
In order to take advantage of certain aspects of the Legacy Securities Program, including certain financing opportunities available from the U.S. Treasury, PPIFs are not expected to give private investors, such as us, voluntary withdrawal rights. If we have a need for additional liquidity or we otherwise determine to decrease our exposure to the assets held by the PPIFs in which we may acquire interests, we may not be able to withdraw funds from such PPIFs and may be forced to sell other assets at significantly depressed prices to maintain adequate liquidity or to adjust our asset allocations across our target asset classes, which could cause us to incur losses. In addition, since we may not be able to withdraw funds from the PPIFs, we will be dependent on distributions from the PPIFs and our other assets for liquidity.
 
The liquidity needs of the AB PPIF and the other PPIFs in which we may acquire interests will be different than ours, and such PPIFs may not be in a position to make distributions to its holders, including us, when we expect or when we have a need for additional liquidity. We will not have any control over the timing and amount of distributions, if any, that the PPIFs make to their holders, including us. In addition, it is expected that PPIFs will be required to use a significant portion, if not all, of the proceeds from the assets they acquire to first repay borrowings from the U.S. Treasury before making distributions to their holders, including us, over a certain performance hurdle rate. If such PPIFs do not make distributions or the distributions they do make are not consistent with our expectations, it could cause a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, business, liquidity and ability to make distributions to our stockholders. In addition, we may be forced to sell other assets at significantly depressed prices to maintain adequate liquidity if the PPIFs are unable or unwilling to make distributions, which could cause us to incur losses.
 
Certain of the PPIFs may require us to commit a certain amount of capital before allowing us to acquire interests. We may not have to provide such capital immediately to the PPIF, but the PPIF would have the right to call our capital at any time it deems appropriate. As a result, we may need to keep a certain amount of funds available for capital calls that could otherwise be used to acquire assets or we may be forced to sell assets at significantly depressed prices to fund our capital commitment. To the extent we were unable to meet a capital call commitment of a PPIF, including the AB PPIF, we could suffer adverse consequences. This could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and ability to make distributions to our stockholders.
 
There is no assurance that we will be able to participate in or benefit from the PPIP’s Legacy Loans Program or, if we are able to participate, that we will be able to do so in a manner that is consistent with our strategy or that will have a beneficial impact on us.
 
Investors in the Legacy Loans Program must be pre-qualified by the FDIC. It is likely that the FDIC will have broad discretion regarding the qualification of investors in the Legacy Loans Program and is under no obligation to approve our participation even if we meet all of the applicable criteria. While the U.S. Treasury and the FDIC have released a summary of preliminary terms and conditions for the PPIP, including the Legacy Loan Program, they have not released the final terms and conditions governing these programs. The preliminary terms and conditions do not address the specific terms and conditions relating to, among other things: the FDIC-guaranteed debt to be issued by participants in the Legacy Loans Program and the warrants that the U.S. Treasury will receive under the Legacy Loan Program. The FDIC has indicated that Legacy Loan PPIFs will be subject to government loan modification program requirements. In addition, the U.S. Treasury and FDIC have reserved the right to modify the proposed terms of the PPIP.
 
On June 3, 2009, the FDIC announced that the development of the Legacy Loans Program will continue, but that a previously planned pilot sale of assets by banks targeted for June 2009 would be postponed. In making the announcement, the FDIC noted that banks have been able to raise capital without having to sell assets through the Legacy Loans Program, which in the view of the FDIC reflects renewed investor confidence in the U.S. banking system. Since the Legacy Loans Program is still in early stages of


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development and the details of the program are still emerging, it is not possible for us to predict how this program will impact our business. If and when the final terms and conditions are released, there is no assurance that we will be able to participate in the Legacy Loans Program in a manner that is consistent with our strategy or at all. In addition, requests for funding under the PPIP may surpass the amount of funding authorized by the U.S. Treasury, resulting in an early termination of the PPIP.
 
We may utilize U.S. government equity capital and debt financing to acquire eligible CMBS, ABS and residential mortgage loans, and to the extent available, non-Agency RMBS, and our inability to access this financing or identify eligible assets could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and business.
 
We may seek to gain exposure, through our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF and one or more other PPIFs sponsored or managed by AllianceBernstein or the sub-advisors or their affiliates, to CMBS and non-Agency RMBS, which may be financed by such PPIFs, if possible, under the Legacy Securities Program established by the U.S. Treasury under the PPIP. The equity capital and debt financing under the Legacy Securities Program are available to Legacy Securities PPIFs managed by investment managers who have been pre-qualified as PPIF managers under the program. AllianceBernstein, together with Greenfield and Rialto as two of its sub-advisors, has been pre-qualified by the U.S. Treasury as such a PPIF manager and will manage the AB PPIF and the CMBS and non-Agency RMBS to be acquired by it and potentially other PPIFs. Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT and our exemption from registration under the 1940 Act, we currently expect to deploy between 30% to 40% of the net proceeds from this offering and the concurrent private placement to acquire an indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF. It is expected that the AB PPIF will have access to U.S. Treasury financings under the PPIP and possible other funding sources. In addition to our investment in the AB PPIF, we will seek to gain exposure to our target asset classes through acquisitions of certain other CMBS, ABS and other asset classes eligible for TALF financing (which may or may not include RMBS) with borrowings through the TALF, as well as through securitizations and other sources of funding, in each case to the extent available to us. In addition, we may seek to gain exposure to RMBS outside the Legacy Securities Program or the TALF.
 
We may also acquire residential and commercial mortgage loans with financing under the Legacy Loans Program. However, the details of this program are still emerging and there can no assurance that we will be eligible (directly or indirectly through one or more financing vehicles) to participate in this program or, if we are (directly or indirectly) eligible, that we will be able to (directly or indirectly) utilize it successfully or at all.
 
We anticipate that we may finance (through financing vehicles we may form) our CMBS and ABS portfolios through the TALF. Under the TALF, the NY Fed will provide up to $200 billion of non-recourse loans to borrowers (provided that certain conditions, including as to the accuracy of certain representations and warranties and compliance with certain covenants made and entered into on behalf of the borrower, are met) collateralized by certain eligible collateral, which initially included certain ABS, but not CMBS or RMBS. On February 10, 2009, the U.S. Treasury, in conjunction with the Federal Reserve, announced preliminary plans to expand the TALF by up to $800 billion to include newly issued, AAA-rated non-Agency RMBS and CMBS and other asset-backed securities. On March 23, 2009, the U.S. Treasury and the Federal Reserve announced preliminary plans to expand the TALF to include certain non-Agency RMBS that were originally AAA-rated, as well as certain highly-rated CMBS. On May 1, 2009, the Federal Reserve published the terms for the expansion of the TALF to include CMBS issued on or after January 1, 2009. The Federal Reserve also announced that, beginning in June 2009, the NY Fed would make available up to $100 billion of TALF loans with five-year maturities and that such loans may be secured by, among other things, CMBS issued on or after January 1, 2009. On May 19, 2009, the NY Fed published preliminary terms for the expansion of the TALF to include Legacy CMBS, and announced that the availability of the TALF for Legacy CMBS would begin in July 2009. However, many Legacy CMBS have had their ratings downgraded, and at least one rating agency, S&P, has announced that further downgrades are likely in the future as property values have declined. These downgrades may significantly reduce the quantity of Legacy CMBS that are TALF eligible, and there can be no assurance that we will be able to identify and acquire such eligible assets. See “— Downgrades of Legacy


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CMBS or changes in the rating methodology and assumptions for future CMBS issuances, may decrease the availability of the TALF to finance CMBS.” In addition, to date, neither the NY Fed nor the U.S. Treasury has definitively stated whether or how TALF will be expanded to included non-Agency RMBS. On June 4, 2009, William Dudley, president of the NY Fed, indicated that the NY Fed was in the process of assessing whether or not to include non-Agency RMBS as assets eligible to be financed under the TALF and was still in the process of assessing the feasibility and potential impact of such an expansion. However, on August 17, 2009, the U.S. Treasury and the Federal Reserve announced that any further expansion of the types of collateral eligible for TALF financing would be held in abeyance, pending reconsideration based on future economic or financial developments. There can no assurance that the TALF will be expanded to include RMBS and, whether or not it is so expanded, that we will be able to utilize this program successfully or at all to finance any or our asset acquisitions.
 
There is no assurance that we will be able to obtain any TALF loans (directly or indirectly through one or more financing vehicles), and the terms and conditions of the TALF may change, which could adversely affect our business.
 
The TALF is operated by the NY Fed. The NY Fed has complete discretion regarding the extension of credit under the TALF and is under no obligation to make any loans to us (or any financing vehicles we may form) even if we meet all of the applicable criteria. Requests for TALF loans may surpass the amount of funding authorized by the NY Fed and the U.S. Treasury, resulting in an early termination of the TALF. Depending on the demand for TALF loans and the general state of the credit markets, the Federal Reserve and the U.S. Treasury may decide to modify the terms and conditions of the TALF, including the eligibility of assets and borrowers, at any time. Any such modifications may adversely affect the market value of any of our assets financed (directly or indirectly through financing vehicles we may form) under the TALF or our ability to obtain additional TALF financing. If the TALF is prematurely discontinued or reduced while our assets financed (directly or indirectly through financing vehicles we may form) under the TALF are still outstanding, there may be no market for these assets thus adversely affecting the market value of these assets. The Federal Reserve received no requests for loans to buy new-issue CMBS under the TALF as of the first three monthly deadlines (in June 2009, July 2009 and August 2009), and, as a result, there may be a lack of new-issue CMBS that are eligible for financing under the program. However, the Federal Reserve received approximately $2.3 billion in requests for Legacy CMBS as of the third monthly deadline (August 2009). TALF loans are expected to be available only on one or two specified days per month and the TALF program’s investment period, while initially scheduled to terminate on December 31, 2009, was extended by the U.S. Treasury and Federal Reserve on August 17, 2009 so that TALF loans secured by ABS and Legacy CMBS would be made through March 31, 2010 and that TALF loans secured by new-issue CMBS would be made through June 30, 2010. In addition, such actions or modifications may adversely affect our ability to obtain TALF loans (directly or indirectly through financing vehicles we may form) and use the loan leverage to enhance returns, and may otherwise affect expected returns on our portfolio assets. In particular, on August 17, 2009, the NY Fed announced that TALF haircuts for PPIFs will be adjusted upward so that the combination of U.S. Treasury-supplied and TALF-supplied debt will not exceed the total amount of debt that would be available when leveraging the PPIF equity alone. More specifically, the TALF haircuts for PPIFs will be 50% higher than for other TALF borrowers.
 
We, or financing vehicles we may form, could lose our or its eligibility as a TALF borrower, which would adversely affect our ability to fulfill our objectives.
 
Any U.S. company is permitted to participate in the TALF, provided that it maintains an account relationship with a TALF agent and enters into a TALF-specific customer agreement with such TALF agent. A U.S. company excludes certain entities that are controlled by a non-U.S. government or that are managed by an investment manager controlled by a non-U.S. government. For these purposes, an entity controls a company if, among other things, such entity owns, controls or holds with power to vote 25% or more of a class of voting securities, or total equity, of the company. It is not currently clear how these rules are applied under the TALF or what other factors may cause a TALF borrower to be a non U.S. company. For instance, a change of control in which a borrower becomes owned or controlled by a non-U.S. government or by an investment manager that is controlled by a non-U.S. government would likely cause the borrower to no longer be


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considered to be an eligible borrower under the TALF and, therefore, not be eligible to participate in the TALF. If for any reason we or any financing vehicles we may form are deemed not to be eligible to participate in the TALF, all of the outstanding TALF loans of such financing vehicle(s) will become immediately due and payable with full recourse under the TALF program rules and we and/or any such financing vehicles will not be eligible to obtain future TALF loans, depending on the expansiveness of the interpretation of the current (or future) TALF program rules. In addition, the customer agreement with TALF agents requires us to indemnify such TALF agent for any losses it may suffer related to our financing vehicle’s breach of any representations in the TALF loan agreement or in the customer agreement, including the representations as to borrower eligibility.
 
We may not be able to acquire sufficient amounts of eligible assets to qualify for participation in the PPIP or the TALF consistent with our strategy, which would significantly adversely affect us and our results of operations.
 
Assets to be used as collateral for PPIP and TALF loans must meet strict eligibility criteria with respect to characteristics such as issuance date, maturity, and credit rating and with respect to the origination date of the underlying collateral. These restrictions may limit the availability of eligible assets, and we may be unable to acquire sufficient amounts of assets to obtain financing (either directly or indirectly through financing vehicles we may form) under the PPIP and the TALF consistent with our strategy.
 
In the Legacy Loans Program, eligible depository institutions must consult with the FDIC before offering an asset pool for sale and there is no assurance that a sufficient number of eligible depository institutions will be willing to participate as sellers in the Legacy Loans Program.
 
Once an asset pool has been offered for sale by an eligible depository institution, the FDIC will determine the amount of leverage available to finance the purchase of the asset pool. There is no assurance that the amount of leverage available to finance the purchase of eligible assets will be acceptable to us.
 
The asset pools will be purchased through a competitive auction conducted by the FDIC. The auction process may increase the price of these eligible asset pools. Even if we submit the winning bid on an eligible asset pool at a price that is acceptable to us, the selling depository institution may refuse to sell us the eligible asset pool at that price.
 
These factors may limit the availability of eligible assets, and we may be unable to acquire sufficient amounts of assets to obtain financing under the Legacy Loans Program consistent with our strategy.
 
Downgrades of Legacy CMBS or changes in the rating methodology and assumptions for future CMBS issuances, may decrease the availability of the TALF to finance CMBS.
 
On May 26, 2009, S&P, which rates a substantial majority of CMBS issuances, issued a request for comment regarding its proposed changes to its methodology and assumptions for rating CMBS, and in so doing indicated that the proposed changes would result in downgrades of a considerable amount of CMBS (including super-senior tranches). Specifically, S&P indicated that “it is likely that the proposed changes, which represent a significant change to the criteria for rating high investment-grade classes, will prompt a considerable amount of downgrades in recently issued (2005-2008 vintage) CMBS.” S&P noted that its preliminary findings indicate that approximately 25%, 60%, and 90% of the most senior tranches (by count) within the 2005, 2006 and 2007 vintages, respectively, may be downgraded. The current TALF guidelines issued by the NY Fed indicate that in order to be eligible for the TALF, Legacy CMBS must not have a rating below the highest investment-grade rating category from any TALF CMBS-eligible rating agency, which includes S&P. Other rating agencies may take similar actions with regard to their ratings of CMBS. In addition, the Legacy CMBS must not have been placed on review or watch for a downgrade by any TALF CMBS-eligible rating agency, including S&P, prior to the subscription date for a TALF loan with respect to such Legacy CMBS. As a result, downgrades of Legacy CMBS or the placing of Legacy CMBS on review or watch for downgrade may substantially limit the availability of Legacy CMBS available for financing through the TALF. Further, changes to the methodology and assumptions in rating CMBS by rating agencies, including S&P’s proposed changes, may decrease the amount or availability of new-issue CMBS rated in the highest


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investment-grade rating category. Reductions in the aggregate amount of CMBS available for financing under the TALF may adversely affect our ability to fulfill our objectives.
 
The ability to transfer any assets purchased using PPIP and TALF funding, to the extent available to us, is restricted, which may limit our ability to trade or otherwise dispose of our assets as we may desire.
 
We would expect that the assets purchased by us (or any financing vehicle we may form) that were financed with PPIP funding, to the extent available to any such financing vehicles we may form, would be pledged to the FDIC as collateral for their guarantee under the Legacy Loans Program or to the U.S. Treasury as collateral for debt financing under the Legacy Securities Program. If such financing vehicle sells or transfers any of these assets, we would expect that it would need to either repay the related loan or obtain the consent of the FDIC or the U.S. Treasury to assign its obligations to the applicable assignee. We would expect the FDIC or the U.S. Treasury, each in its discretion, would restrict or prevent such financing vehicle from assigning its obligations to a third party, including a third party that meets the criteria for participation in the PPIP.
 
Assets purchased by any financing vehicle we may form that were financed with TALF funding will be pledged to the NY Fed as collateral for the TALF loans. If these assets are sold or transferred, such financing vehicle must either repay the related TALF loan or obtain the consent of the NY Fed to assign its obligations under the related TALF loan to the applicable assignee. The NY Fed in its discretion may restrict or prevent such financing vehicle from assigning its loan obligations to a third party, including a third party that meets the criteria of an eligible borrower. In addition, the NY Fed will not consent to any assignments after the termination date for making new loans, which is March 31, 2010 for TALF loans secured by ABS and Legacy CMBS and June 30, 2010 for TALF loans secured by new-issue CMBS, unless further extended by the Federal Reserve.
 
These restrictions may limit our ability, or the ability of any such financing vehicles we form, to trade or otherwise dispose of their assets, and may adversely affect our ability to take advantage of favorable market conditions and make distributions to stockholders.
 
If we need to surrender eligible TALF assets to repay TALF loans at maturity, we would forfeit any equity that we held in those assets.
 
Each TALF loan must be repaid within its term of either three or five years. If a financing vehicle we formed to borrow under the TALF does not have sufficient funds to repay interest during the life of the TALF loan or principal on the related TALF loan at its maturity and if these assets cannot be sold for an amount equal to or greater than the amount owed on such loan, such financing vehicle must surrender the assets to the NY Fed in lieu of repayment. If such financing vehicle is forced to sell any assets to repay a TALF loan, it may not be able to obtain a favorable price. If such financing vehicle defaults on its obligation to pay a TALF loan or other default events occur and the NY Fed elects to liquidate the assets used as collateral to secure such TALF loan, the proceeds from that sale to the extent actually received in cash by the NY Fed or its custodian will be applied, first, to any enforcement costs, second, to unpaid principal and, finally, to unpaid interest. Under the terms of the TALF, if assets are surrendered to the NY Fed in lieu of repayment, all assets that collateralize that loan must be surrendered. In these situations, such financing vehicle would forfeit any equity that it held in these assets.
 
Under the TALF, NY Fed consent is required to exercise our voting rights on the collateral, which may adversely affect our ability to exercise our voting rights and significantly diminish the value of the collateral.
 
As a requirement of the TALF, any financing vehicle we may form must agree not to exercise or refrain from exercising any voting, consent or waiver rights under any TALF collateral pledged to secure a TALF loan without the consent of the NY Fed. This may adversely affect our ability to exercise any voting rights we may have under, and significantly diminish the value of, the collateral.


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In accessing the TALF, we will be dependent on the activities of our TALF agents.
 
To obtain TALF loans, a TALF borrower must execute a customer agreement with at least one TALF agent which will act on its behalf under the agreement with the NY Fed. The TALF agent will submit aggregate loan request amounts on behalf of its customers in the form and manner specified by the NY Fed. Each TALF agent is required to apply its internal customer identification program and due diligence procedures to each borrower and represent that each borrower is an eligible borrower for purposes of the TALF, and to provide the NY Fed with information sufficient to describe the dealer’s customer risk assessment methodology. These customer agreements may impose additional requirements that could affect our ability to obtain TALF loans or may impose unfavorable conditions or fees that could adversely affect our business. Each TALF agent may be a TALF borrower, directly or through an affiliate, and also is expected to have relationships with other TALF borrowers, and a TALF agent may allocate more resources toward assisting itself, its affiliates and other borrowers with whom it has other business dealings. TALF agents are also responsible for distributing principal and interest after receipt thereof from The Bank of New York Mellon, as custodian for the TALF. Once funds or collateral are transferred to a TALF agent or at the direction of a TALF agent, neither the custodian nor the NY Fed has any obligation to account for whether the funds or collateral are transferred to the borrower. We will therefore be exposed to bankruptcy risk of our TALF agents. In addition, under the terms of certain customer agreements, some TALF agents have retained the right to set-off against such principal and interest any amounts owed to such TALF agent by the borrower, regardless whether such amounts owed are related to the TALF.
 
Termination of a customer agreement may adversely affect our related TALF borrowings.
 
In certain circumstances, a TALF agent may have the right to terminate its customer agreement with respect to any TALF loans made through such TALF agent and force us to find another TALF agent with respect to such loans, transfer the loan to another eligible borrower under the TALF, or to repay the related TALF loan or surrender the collateral to the NY Fed. In such circumstances, we may not realize our anticipated return on the assets used as collateral for such TALF loans.
 
We may be adversely affected if one of our investors has been previously rejected for the TALF.
 
Under the Master Loan and Security Agreement that a TALF agent enters into with the NY Fed on our behalf, the TALF agent is required to covenant that it will not submit a loan request on behalf of any borrower if the TALF agent has knowledge that the NY Fed has previously rejected a loan request from such borrower or any holder of any ownership interest in such borrower. In connection with this covenant, we may be required to represent to the TALF agent under our customer agreement that neither we nor any person that holds an ownership interest in us has previously had a loan request under the TALF rejected by the NY Fed. We may not be able to determine if one of our investors has previously had a loan request under the TALF rejected by the NY Fed. A failure to comply with this representation may expose us to liability to the TALF agent. An inability to make this representation and warranty may prevent us from participating in the TALF.
 
Our ability to receive the interest earnings on assets used as collateral for TALF loans may be limited, which could significantly reduce our anticipated returns and materially negatively impact our results of operations and our ability to make or sustain distributions to our stockholders.
 
Interest payments that are received from the assets that are used as collateral for a TALF loan must be applied to pay interest on the related TALF loan before any interest payments can be distributed to any financing vehicles that we form to borrow under the TALF. To the extent there are interest payments from the collateral in excess of the required interest payment on the related TALF loan, the amount of such excess interest that can be distributed to us will be limited. For example, for a five-year TALF loan, the excess of interest distributions from the collateral over the TALF loan interest payable will be remitted to us only until such excess equals 25% per annum of the original haircut amount in the first three loan years, 10% in the fourth loan year, and 5% in the fifth loan year, and the remainder of such excess will be applied to the related TALF loan principal. Furthermore, for a three-year TALF loan secured by Legacy CMBS, the excess of interest distributions from the collateral over the TALF loan interest payable will be remitted to us only until


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such excess equals 30% per annum of the original haircut amount with the remainder of such access applied to the related TALF loan principal. Our inability to benefit from the excess interest could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations. Further, if certain events of default, credit support depletion events or early amortization events occur with respect to the collateral, all interest and principal received from such collateral will be applied to repay the related TALF loan before any amounts are distributed to us. In such cases, we may recognize taxable income in excess of the amount of interest that we receive from the collateral, which could require us to liquidate other assets in order to comply with certain REIT distribution requirements. If we are required to liquidate all or a portion of our portfolio quickly, we may realize significantly less than the value at which we have previously recorded our investments.
 
If the interest on the collateral pledged to support a TALF loan is not sufficient to cover the interest payment on such loan, we will have a grace period of 30 days to make the interest payment. If the loan remains delinquent after the grace period, the NY Fed will enforce its rights to the collateral. We may be required to use our earnings to make interest payments on the TALF loans to keep them current, which could reduce the cash available to make or sustain dividends to our stockholders.
 
To the extent that proceeds from our TALF assets are received by the TALF custodian prior to the monthly date on which they are distributed to the borrowers, such proceeds will be held by the custodian and all interest earned on such proceeds will be retained by the NY Fed. If such proceeds were immediately distributed to the borrowers, the borrowers would be able to invest such proceeds in short-term investments and the income from such investments would be available to distribute to stockholders.
 
Under certain conditions, we may be required to provide full recourse for TALF loans or to make indemnification payments, which could materially adversely affect our net income and our ability to make or sustain distributions to our stockholders and we could incur a loss.
 
To participate in the TALF, a TALF borrower must execute a customer agreement with a TALF agent authorizing it, among other things, to act as its agent under the TALF and to act on its behalf under the agreement with the NY Fed and with The Bank of New York Mellon, as administrator and as the NY Fed’s custodian of the collateral. Under such agreements, the TALF borrower will be required to represent to the TALF agent and to the NY Fed that, among other things, it is an eligible borrower at all times and that the collateral that it pledges meets the TALF eligibility criteria at the time that the TALF loan with respect to such collateral was made, based on a review of the relevant offering materials for such collateral. The NY Fed will have full recourse to such TALF borrower for repayment of the loans for, among other things, the breach of its representations relating to its status as an eligible borrower or the status of the collateral as eligible collateral. In addition, a TALF borrower will be required to pay to its TALF agents fees under the customer agreements and to indemnify its TALF agents for certain breaches under the customer agreements and to indemnify the NY Fed and its custodian for certain breaches under the agreement with the NY Fed. Payments made to satisfy such full recourse requirements and indemnities could have a material adverse effect on our net income and our distributions to our stockholders, including any proceeds of this offering that we have not yet deployed in our targeted assets or distributed to our stockholders.
 
Governmental regulation of participants in U.S. government programs could adversely affect our ability to participate in such programs and our results of operations and may impose various restrictions on our business or on our investors. Perception of such governmental regulation could adversely affect the desire of market participants to participate in such programs, which could materially negatively impact the liquidity of eligible assets, and thus the value of our assets.
 
The U.S. government may from time to time establish or change requirements applicable to participants in the various programs that have been established by the U.S. government, such as the TALF and the PPIP. Furthermore, the U.S. government may seek to modify the requirements applicable to participants in such programs after their initial participation. There can be no assurance that the U.S. Congress or regulatory bodies will not seek such modifications or impose new restrictions and/or taxes and penalties on participants in such programs, possibly even with retroactive effect. While it is not possible for us to predict what types of


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new laws or regulations could be imposed on us or how they may affect us or our investors, it may significantly impact our operations and ability to achieve our objectives.
 
Even without action taken by the U.S. Congress or regulatory bodies, if a perception develops that there is or in the future could be a Congressional or regulatory focus on participants in the various U.S. government programs, consequences could include an apprehension regarding, or refusal by market participants to participate in, such programs. If this were to occur, the intended benefits of such programs, including restoring credit flows and increasing liquidity in difficult-to-price financial assets, may not materialize. As a result, the value of our assets may significantly diminish and it would more difficult to achieve our objectives than would otherwise be the case.
 
We may not be able to refinance a TALF loan at maturity.
 
Under the current terms of the TALF, loans may have a maturity of three or five years. However, the average life of the collateral used to secure such a loan may be greater than five years. For example, CMBS with up to 10-year maturities may be used to secure such loans. In the event that the collateral has a maturity greater than the duration of the related TALF loan, we will be subject to refinancing risk. We may be forced to refinance the loan on unfavorable terms or we may be unable to refinance and be forced to dispose of the collateral on unfavorable terms. Alternatively, we may choose to surrender the collateral to the NY Fed under the terms of the TALF loan agreement, in which event we may be forced to forfeit our equity stake in such collateral.
 
Risks Related to Our Indirect Ownership Interest in the AB PPIF
 
The risk factors described below relating to the AB PPIF are based on information available from the U.S. Treasury as of the date of this prospectus. The U.S. Treasury and the U.S. Congress may change the terms of the PPIP, and such changes may adversely affect the AB PPIF and its ability to achieve its investment objective and change the risks involved in investing in the AB PPIF or may result in the AB PPIF not being established. The risk factors described below and other risks related to the AB PPIF can impact whether or not we will be able to acquire an indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF or, if we are able to acquire such an interest, describe risks which could impact our expected return on such indirect ownership interest. For additional information relating to the AB PPIF, see “Business — Our Financing Strategy — The AB PPIF.”
 
The AB PPIF has not entered into final documentation with the U.S. Treasury with respect to its participation in the Legacy Securities Program.
 
It is possible that the AB PPIF will not be able to reach agreement with the U.S. Treasury with respect to its participation in the Legacy Securities Program or that the final terms of the documentation will limit the AB PPIF’s ability to participate in the Legacy Securities Program or its ability to participate in a manner consistent with its investment strategy and applicable regulatory requirements. The U.S. Treasury has broadly defined the types of financial institutions permitted to sell assets to PPIFs under the Legacy Securities Program. If the U.S. Treasury were to impose further limitations on the types of financial institutions permitted to sell assets in accordance with the Legacy Securities Program, such limitations may reduce the assets available in which the AB PPIF may invest, which in turn may limit our ability to fully utilize the AB PPIF to deploy the net proceeds from this offering and the concurrent private placement.
 
Potential PPIP modifications could have an adverse impact on our stockholders.
 
New legislation or administrative or judicial action may significantly limit or completely halt our ability to capitalize on our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF at any time. The PPIP, the Legacy Securities Program or the AB PPIF could be amended pursuant to new legislation or administrative or judicial action, which could have the effect of preventing us from benefiting from our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF. The effect of such new legislation, administrative or judicial action or amendment could be retroactive and could have an adverse impact on our stockholders.


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There are various risks associated with the role of the U.S. Treasury in the AB PPIF.
 
As a result of the U.S. Treasury providing equity capital and limited recourse debt funding, or U.S. Treasury debt financing, the U.S. Treasury will be able to exercise certain rights and powers with respect to the AB PPIF. In exercising these rights and powers, the U.S. Treasury may take into account only its own interests and not the interests of the AB PPIF or the AB PPIF’s other investors, which could adversely affect the AB PPIF and its ability to achieve its investment objective. Specifically:
 
The U.S. Treasury may unilaterally terminate its commitment to provide debt financing after one year following the AB PPIF closing date.  The U.S. Treasury reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to terminate its commitment to provide the U.S. Treasury debt financing to the AB PPIF at any time after the one-year anniversary of the AB PPIF closing date. The AB PPIF may be unable to obtain other debt financing on similar terms, and such action may adversely affect its ability to purchase assets and may otherwise affect expected returns on its investments. In addition, the definitive documentation evidencing the U.S. Treasury debt financing will contain various covenants restricting the activities of the AB PPIF. Failure to comply with these covenants could limit the AB PPIF’s ability to borrow from the U.S. Treasury and make distributions to its investors. To the extent that U.S. Treasury debt financing results in a claim on the assets of the AB PPIF securing loans made thereunder, such claim would be senior to the rights of holders of ownership interests in the AB PPIF, including us. As a result, if the losses of the AB PPIF were to exceed the amount of equity capital invested, a holder of ownership interests in the AB PPIF could lose its entire investment.
 
Capital commitments might not be drawn prior to the expiration or termination of the investment period.  The AB PPIF may make capital calls only during the investment period, which is expected to expire on the third anniversary of the AB PPIF closing date. The U.S. Treasury may elect to terminate the investment period at any time on or after the one-year anniversary of the AB PPIF closing date. Also, the general partner of the AB PPIF, or the AB PPIF GP, may elect to terminate the investment period at any time on or after the 18-month anniversary of the AB PPIF closing date if it determines that there have been permanent changes in the market for eligible assets that make it no longer in the best interests of the AB PPIF’s investors for the AB PPIF to continue to acquire eligible assets. Upon termination or expiration of the investment period, no further capital calls may be issued by the AB PPIF except to pay for certain expenses, repay indebtedness with the consent of the U.S. Treasury and complete investments for which the AB PPIF has already entered into legally binding obligations. If all of the capital commitments to the AB PPIF are not drawn prior to the expiration or termination of the investment period, it would limit our ability to deploy the full amount of our assets allocated to the AB PPIF, and we would need to reallocate capital we previously committed to the AB PPIF. There can be no assurances that we will be able to reallocate such capital in assets that offer the same risk-adjusted returns that we would otherwise expect from the deployment of our assets to the AB PPIF.
 
The U.S. Treasury will receive warrants in the AB PPIF.  These warrants will be structured as preferential payments in an amount equal to a specified percentage set forth under the Legacy Securities Program, and will reduce the amount of distributions that would otherwise be payable to the holders of ownership interests in the AB PPIF, including us, and may have an adverse impact on our stockholders.
 
We generally will not have voluntary withdrawal rights with respect to our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF.  We will not be permitted to withdraw from the AB PPIF other than for legal reasons related to our ability to hold ownership interests in the AB PPIF. Certain transfer restrictions will significantly limit our ability to transfer our indirect ownership interests in the AB PPIF, and there can be no assurance that a liquid market for ownership interests in the AB PPIF will develop. Our inability to withdraw from the AB PPIF or to transfer our indirect ownership interests may have an adverse impact on our stockholders.
 
The U.S. Treasury can remove the general partner of the AB PPIF.  The U.S. Treasury will have the right to remove the AB PPIF GP, in its sole discretion in certain circumstances and with the consent of the AB PPIF’s partners in other circumstances, as discussed below under “Business — Our Financing Strategy — Government Financing — The AB PPIF — Management”. Removal of the AB PPIF GP may adversely affect the ability of the AB PPIF to achieve its investment objectives. The U.S. Treasury will be required to consent to any replacement general partner selected by the separate feeder fund established by AllianceBernstein through which we will make our investment in the AB PPIF, or the AB PPIF Feeder, and its partners. During the replacement


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process, the AB PPIF GP will be prohibited from causing the AB PPIF to make any new investments and may cause the AB PPIF to sell an investment only if the AB PPIF GP determines in good faith that the disposition is necessary to avoid a material loss to the AB PPIF. As a result, the AB PPIF may be unable to capitalize on attractive investment opportunities during this time period, and there can be no assurance that a suitable replacement will be found in a timely manner or at all. In addition, because we are an affiliate of the AB PPIF GP, we will not be entitled to vote on any matters of the AB PPIF or the AB PPIF Feeder.
 
Expenses of the AB PPIF and the AB PPIF Feeder will reduce distributions to investors.
 
Through our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF, we will be required to bear our pro rata share (which, in the case of the AB PPIF, excludes the U.S. Treasury) of the start-up and organizational expenses of both the AB PPIF and the AB PPIF Feeder. Furthermore, each of the AB PPIF and the AB PPIF Feeder will pay its ongoing expenses out of the capital drawn from investors or proceeds from its investments. If such expenses were to be greater than expected, we may not receive our expected return from our indirect ownership in the AB PPIF and the AB PPIF’s ability to make distributions may be limited.
 
The AB PPIF will be subject to restrictions on the assets it may acquire and sell.
 
The AB PPIF will be required to implement a conflict of interest mitigation plan and a code of ethics that will provide that the AB PPIF GP may not, without the U.S. Treasury’s consent, acquire assets from, or sell assets to, certain affiliates, any other PPIF, any sub-advisor (including Greenfield and Rialto) or any holder of ownership interests that has provided (directly or indirectly) 9.9% or more of the equity capital raised by the AB PPIF. Such restrictions on the type of persons from whom the AB PPIF may purchase securities may adversely affect the AB PPIF’s ability to achieve its investment objective.
 
The U.S. Treasury debt financing requires the AB PPIF to satisfy an asset coverage test in order to borrow additional amounts thereunder.
 
During the term of any U.S. Treasury loan under the U.S. Treasury debt financing, the AB PPIF will be subject to an asset coverage test which must be satisfied on a pro forma basis in order to borrow additional amounts under the U.S. Treasury debt financing. In addition, failure to satisfy the asset coverage test at specified levels would restrict the ability of the AB PPIF (and consequently the AB PPIF Feeder) to make distributions. The asset coverage test is calculated by dividing (x) the sum of the aggregate market value of all assets held by the AB PPIF, by (y) the sum of the outstanding principal amount of U.S. Treasury debt financing and accrued and unpaid interest due thereon. In the event the AB PPIF is unable, on any date of determination, to achieve an asset coverage ratio of 225%, it is required to pay down U.S. Treasury debt financing until such time as it achieves the required asset coverage ratio. The AB PPIF cannot make distributions of its investment proceeds until it satisfies the asset coverage test. In addition, pursuant to the terms of U.S. Treasury debt financing, the AB PPIF is limited in the amount of distributions it can make if the asset coverage ratio falls below 300%. There can be no assurance that the AB PPIF will achieve the required asset coverage ratio, which may reduce its distributions, which would consequently reduce amounts we are able to distribute to our stockholders.
 
The AB PPIF’s failure to satisfy the asset coverage test under the U.S. Treasury debt financing could ultimately reduce the amounts we can distribute to our stockholders.
 
The asset coverage test is calculated using the market value of the AB PPIF’s assets. If the market value for an asset decreases, the asset coverage ratio will also decrease. If the asset coverage ratio falls below the level required by the asset coverage test, the AB PPIF will be prohibited from borrowing additional amounts under the U.S. Treasury debt financing, thus restricting its ability to invest in additional assets and reducing the aggregate investment proceeds generated and distributed by the AB PPIF. The AB PPIF will also be limited in its ability to make distributions if the asset coverage ratio falls below certain thresholds, which may reduce the amounts we can distribute to our stockholders.


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The AB PPIF is required to apply proceeds towards repayment of principal on the U.S. Treasury debt financing, which could ultimately delay distributions to us.
 
Even at times when the AB PPIF is in compliance with the asset coverage tests under the U.S. Treasury debt financing, the AB PPIF is still required to devote significant amounts of the proceeds from the assets it acquires to the repayment of the principal of the U.S. Treasury debt financing before it can make distributions to its investors exceeding a specified performance hurdle rate. After distributing an amount equal to the hurdle rate to the AB PPIF Feeder (and any other feeder funds) and after the payment of certain expenses (and to the extent not used for purposes of reinvestment (as permitted under the U.S. Treasury debt financing)), before the AB PPIF may make additional distributions to the AB PPIF Feeder (and any other feeder funds), the AB PPIF is required to apply the remaining proceeds towards the repayment of principal on the U.S. Treasury debt financing as follows: in the first three years after the initial AB PPIF closing date, 50%; in the fourth year after the initial AB PPIF closing date, 75%; thereafter, 100%. The requirement to repay a significant portion of the proceeds from the assets it acquires towards the repayment of loan principal may delay the distribution of proceeds from the AB PPIF to us and such delay may correspondingly delay the time at which we could distribute proceeds to our stockholders.
 
The AB PPIF may engage in hedging transactions, which involve additional risks.
 
The AB PPIF may engage in hedging transactions in an attempt to reduce variations between its asset revenue streams and the interest due on U.S. Treasury debt financing. The AB PPIF may engage in other hedging strategies only with the consent of the U.S. Treasury and there can be no assurance that the U.S. Treasury will consent to any additional hedging strategies. Furthermore, there can be no assurance that any such hedging strategies, if employed, will prove successful, or that the AB PPIF’s ability to engage in such transactions would not be limited by its operative agreements under the Legacy Securities Program.
 
Risks Related to Our Assets
 
We have not yet identified any specific assets.
 
We have not yet identified any specific assets for our portfolio other than our expectations to acquire an indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF and, thus, you will not be able to evaluate any proposed acquisitions before purchasing shares of our common stock. Additionally, our assets will be selected by our manager and our stockholders will not have input into such decisions. Both of these factors will increase the uncertainty, and thus the risk, of investing in shares of our common stock.
 
Until appropriate assets can be identified or until we receive capital calls from the AB PPIF, our manager may deploy the net proceeds of this offering and the concurrent private placement in interest-bearing short-term investments, including money market accounts, that are consistent with our intention to qualify as a REIT. These investments are expected to provide a lower net return than we will seek to achieve from our assets. Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT and our exemption from registration under the 1940 Act, we currently expect to deploy between 30% to 40% of the net proceeds from this offering and the concurrent private placement in the AB PPIF. We anticipate that we will be able to identify a sufficient amount of investments in our target assets within approximately 12 months after the closing of this offering and the concurrent private placement. However, depending on the availability of appropriate investment opportunities and subject to market conditions, there can be no assurance that we will be able to identify a sufficient amount of assets to acquire within this timeframe. See “Use of Proceeds.” In addition, if the AB PPIF is not ultimately established, the risk that we will not be able to identify a sufficient amount of assets to acquire will be increased since we will have to reallocate the net proceeds of this offering and the concurrent private placement that we expect to deploy to acquire our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF. As part of establishing the Legacy Securities Program, the U.S. Treasury must agree with AllianceBernstein as to the size of our investment in the AB PPIF in order for us to make the full deployment of our assets to the AB PPIF that we currently intend. Our manager, through AllianceBernstein and its relationships with its sub-advisors, intends to conduct due diligence with respect to each acquisition of assets and suitable opportunities may not be immediately available. Even if opportunities are available, there can be no assurance


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that our manager’s due diligence processes will uncover all relevant facts, including liabilities associated with potential assets or other weaknesses in such assets, or that any investment will be successful.
 
We may allocate the net proceeds from this offering and the concurrent private placement to asset acquisitions with which you may not agree.
 
We will have significant flexibility in using the net proceeds of this offering and the concurrent private placement. You will be unable to evaluate the manner in which the net proceeds of these offerings will be deployed or the economic merit of our expected asset acquisitions and, as a result, we may use the net proceeds from these offerings to make investments with which you may not agree. Further, although we expect to deploy between 30% to 40% of the net proceeds from these offerings in the AB PPIF, there can be no assurances that we will do so or when or to what extent the AB PPIF will make capital calls with respect to our indirect ownership interest in it. The failure of our management to apply these proceeds effectively or find assets that meet our criteria in sufficient time or on acceptable terms could result in unfavorable returns, could cause a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations and ability to make distributions to our stockholders, and could cause the value of our common stock to decline.
 
Ongoing lack of liquidity or periods of illiquidity of our assets may adversely affect our business, including our ability to value and sell our assets.
 
We may acquire assets or other instruments that are not liquid, including securities and other instruments that are not publicly traded. Lack of liquidity may result from the absence of a willing buyer or an established market for these assets, as well as legal or contractual restrictions on resale or the unavailability of financing for these assets. In addition, mortgage-related assets generally experience periods of illiquidity, including the recent period of delinquencies and defaults with respect to residential and commercial mortgage loans. Moreover, turbulent market conditions, such as those currently in effect, could significantly and negatively impact the liquidity of our assets. It may be difficult or impossible to obtain third-party pricing on the assets we purchase. Illiquid assets typically experience greater price volatility, as a ready market does not exist, and can be more difficult to value. In addition, validating third-party pricing for illiquid assets may be more subjective than more liquid assets. The illiquidity of our assets may make it difficult for us to sell such assets if the need or desire arises. In addition, if we are required to liquidate all or a portion of our portfolio quickly, we may realize significantly less than the value at which we have previously recorded our assets. Further, we may face other restrictions on our ability to sell an asset in a business entity to the extent that we or our manager has or could be attributed with material, non-public information regarding such asset. To the extent that we utilize leverage to finance our purchase of assets that are or become illiquid, the negative impact on us related to trying to sell assets in a short period of time for cash could be greatly exacerbated. As a result, our ability to vary our portfolio in response to changes in economic and other conditions may be relatively limited, which could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition and cause us to incur losses.
 
Our portfolio of assets may be concentrated and will be subject to risk of default.
 
While we intend to diversify our portfolio of assets in the manner described in this prospectus, we are not required to observe specific diversification criteria, except as may be set forth in the target asset guidelines adopted by our board of directors. Therefore, our portfolio of assets may at times be concentrated in certain property types that are subject to higher risk of foreclosure, or secured by properties concentrated in a limited number of geographic locations. To the extent that our portfolio is concentrated in any one region or type of security, downturns relating generally to such region or type of security may result in defaults on a number of our assets within a short time period, which may reduce our net income and the value of our shares and accordingly reduce our ability to pay dividends to our stockholders.


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Difficult conditions in the mortgage, and commercial and residential real estate markets may cause us to experience market losses related to our holdings, and we do not expect these conditions to improve in the near future.
 
Our results of operations are materially affected by conditions in the mortgage market, the residential and commercial real estate markets, the financial markets and the economy generally. Recently, concerns about the mortgage market and a declining real estate market, as well as inflation, energy costs, geopolitical issues and the availability and cost of credit, have contributed to increased volatility and diminished expectations for the economy and markets going forward. The mortgage market, including the market for prime mortgage loans and Alt-A mortgage loans, has been severely affected by changes in the lending landscape and there is no assurance that these conditions have stabilized or that they will not worsen. The severity of the liquidity limitation was largely unanticipated by the markets. For now (and for the foreseeable future), access to mortgages has been substantially limited. While the limitation on financing was initially in the sub-prime mortgage market, the liquidity issues have now also affected prime and Alt-A non-Agency lending, with lending standards significantly more stringent than in recent periods and many product types being severely curtailed. This has an impact on new demand for homes, which will compress the home ownership rates and weigh heavily on future home price performance. There is a strong correlation between home price growth rates and mortgage loan delinquencies. The further deterioration of the MBS market may cause us to experience losses related to our assets and to sell assets at a loss. Declines in the market values of our assets may adversely affect our results of operations and credit availability, which may reduce earnings and, in turn, cash available for distribution to our stockholders.
 
Dramatic declines in the residential and commercial real estate markets, with falling home prices and increasing foreclosures and unemployment, have resulted in significant asset write-downs by financial institutions, which have caused many financial institutions to seek additional capital, to merge with other institutions and, in some cases, to fail. Institutions from which we may seek to obtain financing may have owned or financed residential or commercial mortgage loans, real estate-related securities and real estate loans, which have declined in value and caused them to suffer losses as a result of the recent downturn in the residential and commercial mortgage markets. Many lenders and institutional investors have reduced and, in some cases, ceased to provide funding to borrowers, including other financial institutions. If these conditions persist, these institutions may become insolvent or tighten their lending standards, which could make it more difficult for us to obtain financing on favorable terms or at all. Our profitability may be adversely affected if we are unable to obtain cost-effective financing for our assets.
 
We will operate in a highly competitive market and competition may limit our ability to acquire desirable assets and could also affect the pricing of these securities.
 
We operate in a highly competitive market. Our profitability depends, in large part, on our ability to acquire our assets at favorable prices. In acquiring our portfolio of assets, we will compete with a variety of institutional investors, including AllianceBernstein, its sub-advisors, the consultant and other REITs, specialty finance companies, public and private funds, commercial and investment banks, commercial finance and insurance companies and other financial institutions. Many of our competitors are substantially larger and have considerably greater financial, technical, marketing and other resources than we do. Other REITs may raise significant amounts of capital, and may have objectives that overlap with ours, which may create additional competition for opportunities to acquire assets. Many of our competitors are not subject to the operating constraints associated with REIT qualification compliance or maintenance of an exemption from the 1940 Act. Some competitors may have a lower cost of funds and access to funding sources that may not be available to us, such as funding from the U.S. government, if we are not eligible to participate in certain programs (other than the Legacy Securities Program) established by the U.S. government. Many of the other entities seeking to participate in such programs are more established and may be more qualified, and thus we may not be selected to participate even if we are eligible. In addition, there may be substantial competition to invest in PPIFs, including from AllianceBernstein, its sub-advisors and their respective affiliates. There can be no assurance that we will be able to invest in PPIFs to the extent we desire, if at all.


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As a result of the potentially competing interests of AllianceBernstein and its sub-advisors, we may not be presented with opportunities which may be appropriate for us but that are also appropriate for accounts or investment vehicles managed by AllianceBernstein or its sub-advisors. In addition, neither the sub-advisors nor the consultant have any obligations to present any opportunities to us. This will limit the variety of assets that we can consider, thereby increasing the risk of competition on our ability to acquire assets. In addition, some of our competitors may have higher risk tolerances or different risk assessments, which could allow them to consider a wider variety of assets and establish more relationships than us. Furthermore, competition for assets within our target asset classes may lead to the price of such assets increasing, which may further limit our ability to generate desired returns. We cannot assure you that the competitive pressures we face will not have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Also, as a result of this competition, desirable assets within our target asset classes may be limited in the future and we may not be able to take advantage of attractive investments opportunities from time to time, as we can provide no assurance that we will be able to identify and make investments that are consistent with our objectives. In addition, the Federal Reserve’s program to purchase Agency RMBS could cause an increase in the price of Agency RMBS, which would negatively impact the net interest margin with respect to Agency RMBS we expect to purchase.
 
The mortgage loans that we will acquire, and the mortgage and other loans underlying the CMBS and non-Agency RMBS that we will acquire, are subject to defaults, foreclosure timeline extension, fraud and commercial and residential price depreciation, and unfavorable modification of loan principal amount, interest rate and amortization of principal, which could result in losses to us.
 
CMBS are secured by a single commercial mortgage loan or a pool of commercial mortgage loans. Accordingly, the CMBS we acquire is subject to all of the risks of the respective underlying commercial mortgage loans. Commercial mortgage loans are secured by multifamily or commercial property and are subject to risks of delinquency and foreclosure, and risks of loss that are greater than similar risks associated with loans made on the security of single-family residential property. The ability of a borrower to repay a loan secured by an income-producing property typically is dependent primarily upon the successful operation of such property rather than upon the existence of independent income or assets of the borrower. If the net operating income of the property is reduced, the borrower’s ability to repay the loan may be impaired.
 
Residential mortgage loans are secured by single family residential property and are subject to risks of delinquency and foreclosure and risks of loss. The ability of a borrower to repay a loan secured by a residential property typically is dependent upon the income or assets of the borrower. A number of factors, including a general economic downturn, acts of God, terrorism, social unrest and civil disturbances, may impair borrowers’ abilities to repay their loans. In addition, we intend to acquire non-Agency RMBS, which are backed by residential real property but, in contrast to Agency RMBS, their principal and interest are not guaranteed by federally chartered entities such as Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and, in the case of Ginnie Mae, the U.S. government. The ability of a borrower to repay these loans or other financial assets is dependent upon the income or assets of these borrowers.
 
In the event of any default under a mortgage loan held directly by us, we will bear a risk of loss of principal to the extent of any deficiency between the value of the collateral and the principal and accrued interest of the mortgage loan, which could have a material adverse effect on our cash flow from operations. In the event of the bankruptcy of a mortgage loan borrower, the mortgage loan to such borrower will be deemed to be secured only to the extent of the value of the underlying collateral at the time of bankruptcy (as determined by the bankruptcy court), and the lien securing the mortgage loan will be subject to the avoidance powers of the bankruptcy trustee or debtor in possession to the extent the lien is unenforceable under state law. Foreclosure of a mortgage loan can be an expensive and lengthy process which could have a substantial negative effect on our anticipated return on the foreclosed mortgage loan.
 
The commercial mortgage loans we expect to acquire and the commercial mortgage loans underlying the CMBS we may acquire will be subject to defaults, foreclosure timeline extension, fraud and home price


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depreciation and unfavorable modification of loan principal amount, interest rate and amortization of principal.
 
Commercial mortgage loans are secured by multifamily or commercial property and are subject to risks of delinquency and foreclosure, and risks of loss that may be greater than similar risks associated with loans made on the security of single-family residential property. The ability of a borrower to repay a loan secured by an income-producing property typically is dependent primarily upon the successful operation of such property rather than upon the existence of independent income or assets of the borrower. If the net operating income of the property is reduced, the borrower’s ability to repay the loan may be impaired. Net operating income of an income-producing property can be affected by, among other things,
 
  •      tenant mix;
 
  •      success of tenant businesses;
 
  •      property management decisions;
 
  •      property location and condition;
 
  •      competition from comparable types of properties;
 
  •      changes in laws that increase operating expenses or limit rents that may be charged;
 
  •      any need to address environmental contamination at the property or the occurrence of any uninsured casualty at the property;
 
  •      changes in national, regional or local economic conditions and/or specific industry segments;
 
  •      declines in regional or local real estate values;
 
  •      declines in regional or local rental or occupancy rates;
 
  •      increases in interest rates;
 
  •      real estate tax rates and other operating expenses;
 
  •      changes in governmental rules, regulations and fiscal policies, including environmental legislation; and
 
  •      acts of God, terrorist attacks, social unrest and civil disturbances.
 
In the event of any default under a mortgage loan held directly by us, we will bear a risk of loss of principal to the extent of any deficiency between the value of the collateral and the principal and accrued interest of the mortgage loan, which could have a material adverse effect on our cash flow from operations and limit amounts available for distribution to our stockholders. In the event of the bankruptcy of a mortgage loan borrower, the mortgage loan to such borrower will be deemed to be secured only to the extent of the value of the underlying collateral at the time of bankruptcy (as determined by the bankruptcy court), and the lien securing the mortgage loan will be subject to the avoidance powers of the bankruptcy trustee or debtor-in-possession to the extent the lien is unenforceable under state law. Foreclosure of a mortgage loan can be an expensive and lengthy process, which could have a substantial negative effect on our anticipated return on the foreclosed mortgage loan.
 
We may not control the special servicing of the mortgage loans included in the CMBS in which we invest and, in such cases, the special servicer may take actions that could adversely affect our interests.
 
With respect to each series of CMBS in which we invest, overall control over the special servicing of the related underlying mortgage loans will be held by a “directing certificateholder” or a “controlling class representative,” which is appointed by the holders of the most subordinate class of CMBS in such series (except in the case of TALF-financed CMBS, where TALF rules prohibit control by investors in a subordinate class once the principal balance of that class is reduced to less than 25% of its initial principal balance as a result of both actual realized losses and “appraisal reduction amounts”). Since we will focus on acquiring classes of existing series of CMBS originally rated AAA, we will not have the right to appoint the directing


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certificateholder. In connection with the servicing of the specially serviced mortgage loans, the related special servicer may, at the direction of the directing certificateholder, take actions with respect to the specially serviced mortgage loans that could adversely affect our interests.
 
If our manager overestimates the loss-adjusted yields of our CMBS investments, we may experience losses.
 
Our manager will value our potential CMBS investments based on loss-adjusted yields, taking into account estimated future losses on the mortgage loans included in the securitization’s pool of loans, and the estimated impact of these losses on expected future cash flows. Based on these loss estimates, our manager will either adjust the pool composition accordingly through loan removals and other credit enhancement mechanisms or leave loans in place and negotiate for a price adjustment. Our manager’s loss estimates may not prove accurate, as actual results may vary from estimates. In the event that our manager overestimates the pool level losses relative to the price we pay for a particular CMBS investment, we may experience losses with respect to such investment.
 
We may acquire non-Agency RMBS collateralized by subprime and Alt-A mortgage loans, which are subject to increased risks that can materially adversely impact our performance and results of operations.
 
We may acquire non-Agency RMBS backed by collateral pools of subprime mortgage loans and Alt-A mortgage loans, which are mortgage loans that have been originated using underwriting standards that are less restrictive than those used in underwriting prime mortgage loans. These lower standards include mortgage loans made to borrowers having imperfect or impaired credit histories, mortgage loans where the amount of the loan at origination is 80% or more of the value of the mortgage property, mortgage loans made to borrowers with low credit scores, mortgage loans made to borrowers who have other debt that represents a large portion of their income and mortgage loans made to borrowers whose income is not required to be disclosed or verified. Due to economic conditions, including increased interest rates and lower home prices, as well as aggressive lending practices, subprime mortgage loans have in recent periods experienced increased rates of delinquency, foreclosure, bankruptcy and loss, and they are likely to continue to experience delinquency, foreclosure, bankruptcy and loss rates that are higher, and that may be substantially higher, than those experienced by mortgage loans underwritten in a more traditional manner. Thus, because of the higher delinquency rates and losses associated with subprime mortgage loans, the performance of non-Agency RMBS backed by subprime mortgage loans that we may acquire could be correspondingly adversely affected, which could adversely impact our results of operations, financial condition and business.
 
The receivables underlying the ABS we may acquire are subject to credit exposure, which could result in losses to us.
 
ABS are securities backed by various asset classes including auto loans, student loans, credit card loans, equipment loans, floor plan loans and small business loans fully guaranteed as to principal and interest by the U.S. Small Business Administration, or the SBA. ABS remain subject to the credit exposure of the underlying receivables. In the event of increased rates of delinquency with respect to any receivables underlying our ABS, we may not realize our anticipated return on these investments.
 
Our real estate assets are subject to risks particular to real property, which may reduce our return from an affected property or asset and reduce or eliminate our ability to make distributions to stockholders.
 
We own assets secured by real estate and may own real estate directly in the future, either through direct acquisitions or upon a default of mortgage loans. Real estate investments are subject to various risks, including:
 
  •      acts of God, including earthquakes, floods and other natural disasters, which may result in uninsured losses;
 
  •      acts of war or terrorism, including the consequences of terrorist attacks, such as those that occurred on September 11, 2001;


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  •      adverse changes in national and local economic and market conditions;
 
  •      changes in governmental laws and regulations, fiscal policies and zoning ordinances and the related costs of compliance with laws and regulations, fiscal policies and ordinances;
 
  •      costs of remediation and liabilities associated with environmental conditions such as indoor mold; and
 
  •      the potential for uninsured or under-insured property losses.
 
If any of these or similar events occurs, it may reduce our return from an affected property or asset and reduce or eliminate our ability to make distributions to stockholders.
 
Our subordinated MBS assets may be in the “first loss” position, subjecting us to greater risk of losses.
 
In general, losses on a mortgage loan included in a securitization will be borne first by the equity holder of the property, then by a cash reserve fund or letter of credit, if any, then by the holder of a mezzanine loan or B-Note, if any, and then by the “first loss” subordinated security holder and then by the “second loss” mezzanine holder. In the event of default and the exhaustion of any equity support, reserve fund, letter of credit, mezzanine loans or B-Notes, and of any classes of securities junior to those which we may acquire and there is any further loss, we will not be able to recover all of our investment in the securities we purchase. In addition, if the underlying mortgage portfolio has been overvalued by the originator, or if the values subsequently decline and, as a result, less collateral is available to satisfy interest and principal payments due on the related MBS, the securities which we may acquire may effectively become the “first loss” position behind the more senior securities, which may result in significant losses to us. The prices of lower credit quality securities are generally less sensitive to interest rate changes than more highly-rated securities, but more sensitive to adverse economic downturns or individual issuer developments. A projection of an economic downturn, for example, could cause a decline in the price of lower credit quality securities because the ability of obligors of mortgages underlying MBS to make principal and interest payments may be impaired. In such event, existing credit support in the securitization structure may be insufficient to protect us against loss of our principal on these securities.
 
The B-Notes we may acquire may be subject to additional risks related to the privately negotiated structure and terms of the transaction, which may result in losses to us.
 
We may acquire B-Notes. A B-Note is a mortgage loan typically (1) secured by a first mortgage on a single large commercial property or group of related properties and (2) subordinated to an A-Note secured by the same first mortgage on the same collateral. As a result, if a borrower defaults, there may not be sufficient funds remaining for B-Note holders after payment to the A-Note holders. However, because each transaction is privately negotiated, B-Notes can vary in their structural characteristics and risks. For example, the rights of holders of B-Notes to control the process following a borrower default may vary from transaction to transaction. Further, B-Notes typically are secured by a single property and so reflect the risks associated with significant concentration. Significant losses related to our B-Notes would result in operating losses for us and may limit our ability to make distributions to our stockholders.
 
Our mezzanine loan assets will involve greater risks of loss than senior loans secured by income-producing properties.
 
We may acquire mezzanine loans, which take the form of subordinated loans secured by second mortgages on the underlying property or loans secured by a pledge of the ownership interests of either the entity owning the property or a pledge of the ownership interests of the entity that owns the interest in the entity owning the property. These types of assets involve a higher degree of risk than long-term senior mortgage lending secured by income-producing real property, because the loan may become unsecured as a result of foreclosure by the senior lender. In the event of a bankruptcy of the entity providing the pledge of its ownership interests as security, we may not have full recourse to the assets of such entity, or the assets of the entity may not be sufficient to satisfy our mezzanine loan. If a borrower defaults on our mezzanine loan or


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debt senior to our loan, or in the event of a borrower bankruptcy, our mezzanine loan will be satisfied only after the senior debt. As a result, we may not recover some or all of our initial expenditure. In addition, mezzanine loans may have higher loan-to-value ratios than conventional mortgage loans, resulting in less equity in the property and increasing the risk of loss of principal. Significant losses related to our mezzanine loans would result in operating losses for us and may limit our ability to make distributions to our stockholders.
 
Bridge loans will involve a greater risk of loss than traditional investment-grade mortgage loans with fully insured borrowers.
 
We may acquire bridge loans secured by first lien mortgages on a property to borrowers who are typically seeking short-term capital to be used in an acquisition, construction or redevelopment of a property. The borrower has usually identified an undervalued asset that has been under-managed and/or is located in a recovering market. If the market in which the asset is located fails to recover according to the borrower’s projections, or if the borrower fails to improve the quality of the asset’s management and/or the value of the asset, the borrower may not receive a sufficient return on the asset to satisfy the bridge loan, and we bear the risk that we may not recover some or all of our initial expenditure.
 
In addition, borrowers usually use the proceeds of a conventional mortgage to repay a bridge loan. Bridge loans therefore are subject to risks of a borrower’s inability to obtain permanent financing to repay the bridge loan. Bridge loans are also subject to risks of borrower defaults, bankruptcies, fraud, losses and special hazard losses that are not covered by standard hazard insurance. In the event of any default under bridge loans held by us, we bear the risk of loss of principal and non-payment of interest and fees to the extent of any deficiency between the value of the mortgage collateral and the principal amount of the bridge loan. To the extent we suffer such losses with respect to our bridge loans, the value of our company and the price of shares of our common stock may be adversely affected.
 
Increases in interest rates could adversely affect the value of our assets and cause our interest expense to increase, which could result in reduced earnings or losses and negatively affect our profitability as well as the cash available for distribution to our stockholders.
 
We expect to focus primarily on acquiring mortgage-related assets by purchasing CMBS, non-Agency RMBS, residential mortgage loans, Agency RMBS, ABS and other financial assets. The relationship between short-term and longer-term interest rates is often referred to as the “yield curve.” In a normal yield curve environment, an investment in such assets will generally decline in value if long-term interest rates increase. Declines in market value may ultimately reduce earnings or result in losses to us, which may negatively affect cash available for distribution to our stockholders.
 
A significant risk associated with our target asset classes is the risk that both long-term and short-term interest rates will increase significantly. If long-term rates increased significantly, the market value of these assets could decline, and the duration and weighted average life of the assets could increase. We could realize a loss if the securities were sold. At the same time, an increase in short-term interest rates would increase the amount of interest owed on the repurchase agreements we may enter into to finance the purchase of these securities.
 
Market values of our assets may decline without any general increase in interest rates for a number of reasons, such as increases or expected increases in defaults, increases or expected increases in voluntary prepayments for those assets that are subject to prepayment risk or widening of credit spreads.
 
In addition, in a period of rising interest rates, our operating results will depend in large part on the difference between the income from our assets, net of credit losses, and financing costs. We anticipate that, in most cases, the income from such assets will respond more slowly to interest rate fluctuations than the cost of our borrowings. Consequently, changes in interest rates, particularly short-term interest rates, may significantly influence our net income. Increases in these rates will tend to decrease our net income and market value of our assets.


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An increase in interest rates may cause a decrease in the volume of certain of our target asset classes which could adversely affect our ability to acquire target assets that satisfy our objectives and to generate income and pay dividends.
 
Rising interest rates generally reduce the demand for mortgage loans due to the higher cost of borrowing. A reduction in the volume of mortgage loans originated may affect the volume of our target asset classes available to us, which could adversely affect our ability to acquire assets that satisfy our objectives. Rising interest rates may also cause assets within our target asset classes that were issued prior to an interest rate increase to provide yields that are below prevailing market interest rates. If rising interest rates cause us to be unable to acquire a sufficient volume of assets within our target asset classes with a yield that is above our borrowing cost, our ability to satisfy our objectives and to generate income and pay dividends may be materially and adversely affected.
 
Ordinarily, short-term interest rates are lower than longer-term interest rates. If short-term interest rates rise disproportionately relative to longer-term interest rates (a flattening of the yield curve), our borrowing costs may increase more rapidly than the interest income earned on our assets. Because we expect our portfolio assets, on average, generally will bear interest based on longer-term rates than our borrowings, a flattening of the yield curve would tend to decrease our net income and the market value of our net assets. Additionally, to the extent cash flows from investments that return scheduled and unscheduled principal are reinvested, the spread between the yields on the new investments and available borrowing rates may decline, which would likely decrease our net income. It is also possible that short-term interest rates may exceed longer-term interest rates (a yield curve inversion), in which event our borrowing costs may exceed our interest income and we could incur operating losses.
 
Interest rate fluctuations may adversely affect the level of our net income and the value of our assets and common stock.
 
Interest rates are highly sensitive to many factors, including governmental monetary and tax policies, domestic and international economic and political considerations and other factors beyond our control. Interest rate fluctuations present a variety of risks, including the risk of a narrowing of the difference between asset yields and borrowing rates, flattening or inversion of the yield curve and fluctuating prepayment rates, and may adversely affect our income and the value of our assets and common stock. Furthermore, the stock market has recently experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations that have affected the market price of many companies in industries similar or related to ours and that have been unrelated to these companies’ operating performances. Additionally, our operating results and prospects may be below the expectations of public market analysts and investors or may be lower than those of companies with comparable market capitalizations, which could lead to a material decline in the market price of our common stock.
 
Because we may acquire fixed-rate securities, an increase in interest rates on our borrowings may adversely affect our book value.
 
Increases in interest rates may negatively affect the market value of our assets. Any fixed-rate securities we acquire generally will be more negatively affected by these increases than adjustable-rate securities. In accordance with accounting rules, we will be required to reduce our book value by the amount of any decrease in the market value of our assets that are classified for accounting purposes as available-for-sale. We will be required to evaluate our assets on a quarterly basis to determine their fair value by using third party bid price indications provided by dealers who make markets in these securities or by third-party pricing services. If the fair value of a security is not available from a dealer or third-party pricing service, we will estimate the fair value of the security using a variety of methods including, but not limited to, discounted cash flow analysis, matrix pricing, option-adjusted spread models and fundamental analysis. Aggregate characteristics taken into consideration include, but are not limited to, type of collateral, index, margin, periodic cap, lifetime cap, underwriting standards, age and delinquency experience. However, the fair value reflects estimates and may not be indicative of the amounts we would receive in a current market exchange. If we determine that an agency security is other-than-temporarily impaired, we would be required to reduce the value of such agency security on our balance sheet by recording an impairment charge in our income


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statement and our stockholders’ equity would be correspondingly reduced. Reductions in stockholders’ equity decrease the amounts we may borrow to purchase additional target assets, which could restrict our ability to increase our net income.
 
We may experience a decline in the market value of our assets.
 
A decline in the market value of our assets may require us to recognize an “other-than-temporary” impairment against such assets under GAAP if we were to determine that, with respect to any assets in unrealized loss positions, we do not have the ability and intent to hold such assets to maturity or for a period of time sufficient to allow for recovery to the amortized cost of such assets. If such a determination were to be made, we would recognize unrealized losses through earnings and write down the amortized cost of such assets to a new cost basis, based on the fair market value of such assets on the date they are considered to be other-than-temporarily impaired. Such impairment charges reflect non-cash losses at the time of recognition; subsequent disposition or sale of such assets could further affect our future losses or gains, as they are based on the difference between the sale price received and adjusted amortized cost of such assets at the time of sale.
 
Rapid changes in the values of our assets may make it more difficult for us to maintain our qualification as a REIT or our exemption from the 1940 Act.
 
If the market value or income potential of our assets declines as a result of increased interest rates, prepayment rates, general market conditions, government actions or other factors, we may need to increase our real estate assets and income or liquidate our non-qualifying assets to maintain our REIT qualification or our exemption from the 1940 Act. If the decline in real estate asset values or income occurs quickly, this may be especially difficult to accomplish. This difficulty may be exacerbated by the illiquid nature of any non-real estate assets we may own and restrictions imposed by Legacy Securities PPIFs on withdrawing funds. We may have to make decisions that we otherwise would not make absent the REIT and 1940 Act considerations.
 
Some of our portfolio assets will be recorded at fair value and, as a result, there will be uncertainty as to the value of these investments.
 
Some of the assets in our portfolio will be in the form of securities that are not publicly traded. The fair value of securities and other assets that are not publicly traded may not be readily determinable. We will value these assets quarterly at fair value, as determined in accordance with SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements,” or SFAS 157, which may include unobservable inputs. Because such valuations are subjective, the fair value of certain of our assets may fluctuate over short periods of time and our determinations of fair value may differ materially from the values that would have been used if a ready market for these securities existed. The value of our common stock could be adversely affected if our determinations regarding the fair value of these assets were materially higher than the values that we ultimately realize upon their disposal.
 
Any credit ratings assigned to our assets will be subject to ongoing evaluations and revisions and we cannot assure you that those ratings will not be downgraded.
 
Some of our assets may be rated by Fitch, Inc., Moody’s Investors Service, Inc., S&P, DBRS, Inc., Realpoint LLC or possibly other eligible rating agencies. Any credit ratings on our assets are subject to ongoing evaluation by credit rating agencies, and we cannot assure you that any such ratings will not be changed or withdrawn by one or more rating agency in the future if, the judgment of such rating agency, circumstances warrant. If rating agencies assign a lower-than-expected rating or reduce or withdraw, or indicate that they may reduce or withdraw, their ratings of our assets in the future, the value of these assets could significantly decline, which would adversely affect the value of our portfolio and could result in losses upon disposition or the failure of borrowers to satisfy their debt service obligations to us. Further, if rating agencies reduce the ratings on assets that we intended to finance through the TALF, such assets might not be eligible collateral that could be financed through the TALF.


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Prepayment rates (faster or slower) may adversely affect our income and the value of our portfolio of assets.
 
Our income and the value of our assets may be affected by prepayment rates (faster or slower) on mortgage loans. If we acquire mortgage-related securities, we anticipate that the underlying mortgages will prepay at a projected rate generating an expected yield. If we purchase assets at a premium to par value, when borrowers prepay their mortgage loans faster than expected, the corresponding prepayments on the mortgage-related securities may reduce the expected yield on such securities because we will have to amortize the related premium on an accelerated basis. Conversely, if we purchase assets at a discount to par value, when borrowers prepay their mortgage loans slower than expected, the decrease in corresponding prepayments on the mortgage-related securities may reduce the expected yield on such securities because we will not be able to accrete the related discount as quickly as originally anticipated. Prepayment rates on loans may be affected by a number of factors including, but not limited to, changes in market interest rates, the availability of mortgage credit, the relative economic vitality of the area in which the related properties are located, the servicing of the mortgage loans, possible changes in tax laws, other opportunities for investment, homeowner mobility and other economic, social, geographic, demographic and legal factors and other factors beyond our control. Consequently, such prepayment rates cannot be predicted with certainty and no strategy can completely insulate us from prepayment or other such risks. In periods of declining interest rates, prepayment rates on mortgage loans generally increase. If general interest rates decline at the same time, the proceeds of such prepayments received during such periods are likely to be reinvested by us in assets yielding less than the yields on the assets that were prepaid. In addition, the market value of the assets may, because of the risk of prepayment, benefit less than other fixed income securities from declining interest rates.
 
Recent market conditions may upset the historical relationship between interest rate changes and prepayment trends, which would make it more difficult for us or our manager to analyze our portfolio of assets.
 
Our success depends on our manager’s ability to analyze the relationship of changing interest rates on prepayments of the mortgage loans that underlie our assets. Changes in interest rates and prepayments affect the market price of the target assets that we intend to purchase and any target assets that we hold at a given time. As part of our manager’s overall portfolio risk management, our manager will analyze interest rate changes and prepayment trends separately and collectively to assess their effects on our portfolio of assets. In conducting its analysis, our manager will depend on certain assumptions based upon historical trends with respect to the relationship between interest rates and prepayments under normal market conditions. If the recent dislocations in the residential mortgage market or other developments change the way that prepayment trends have historically responded to interest rate changes, our ability to (1) assess the market value of our portfolio of assets, (2) implement any hedging strategies and (3) implement techniques to reduce our prepayment rate volatility would be significantly affected, which could materially adversely affect our financial position and results of operations.
 
Mortgage loan modification programs and future legislative action may adversely affect the value of, and the returns on, the assets that we acquire.
 
The U.S. government, through the Federal Reserve, the FHA and the FDIC, commenced implementation of programs designed to provide homeowners with assistance in avoiding residential mortgage loan foreclosures. The programs may involve, among other things, the modification of mortgage loans to reduce the principal amount of the loans or the rate of interest payable on the loans, or to extend the payment terms of the loans. In addition, members of Congress have indicated support for additional legislative relief for homeowners, including an amendment of the bankruptcy laws to permit the modification of mortgage loans in bankruptcy proceedings. The Helping Families Save Their Homes Act of 2009, which was signed into law on May 20, 2009, provides a safe harbor for servicers entering into “qualified loss mitigation plans” with respect to residential mortgages originated before the act was enacted. A servicer’s duty to any investor or other party to maximize the net present value of any mortgage being modified will be construed to apply to all investors and other parties and will be deemed satisfied when certain criteria are met. Any servicer that is deemed to be acting in the best interests of all investors and parties is relieved of liability to any party owed a duty as


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discussed above. The act further provides that any person, including a trustee, issuer and loan originator, shall not be liable for monetary damages or subject to an injunction, stay or other equitable relief based solely upon that person’s cooperation with a servicer in implementing a qualified loss mitigation program that meets the criteria set forth above. By protecting servicers from such liabilities, this safe harbor may encourage loan modifications and reduce the likelihood that investors in securitizations will be paid on a timely basis or will be paid in full.
 
Loan modifications are more likely to be used when borrowers are less able to refinance or sell their homes due to market conditions, and when the potential recovery from a foreclosure is reduced due to lower property values. A significant number of loan modifications could result in a significant reduction in cash flows to the holders of the mortgage securities on an ongoing basis. These loan modification programs, as well as future legislative or regulatory actions, including amendments to the bankruptcy laws, that result in the modification of outstanding mortgage loans may adversely affect the value of, and the returns on, the assets that we intend to acquire.
 
The increasing number of proposed federal, state and local laws may increase our risk of liability with respect to certain mortgage loans and could increase our cost of doing business.
 
The U.S. Congress and various state and local legislatures are considering, and in the future may consider, legislation which, among other provisions, would permit limited assignee liability for certain violations in the mortgage loan origination process. We cannot predict whether or in what form the U.S. Congress or the various state and local legislatures may enact legislation affecting our business. We will evaluate the potential impact of any initiatives which, if enacted, could affect our practices and results of operations. We are unable to predict whether federal, state or local authorities will require changes in our practices in the future. These changes, if required, could adversely affect our profitability, particularly if we make such changes in response to new or amended laws, rules, regulations or ordinances in any state where we acquire a significant portion of our mortgage loans, or if such changes result in us being held responsible for any violations in the mortgage loan origination process.
 
We expect to be required to obtain various state licenses in order to purchase mortgage loans in the secondary market, and there is no assurance we will be able to obtain or maintain those licenses.
 
While we are not required to obtain licenses to purchase mortgage-backed securities, we may be required to obtain various state licenses to purchase mortgage loans in the secondary market. We have not applied for these licenses and expect that this process will be costly and could take several months. There is no assurance that we will obtain all of the licenses that we desire or that we will not experience significant delays in seeking these licenses. Furthermore, we will be subject to various information and other requirements to maintain these licenses and there is no assurance that we will satisfy those requirements. Our failure to obtain or maintain licenses will restrict our options and could harm our business.
 
We may be subject to liability for potential violations of predatory lending laws, which could adversely impact our results of operations, financial condition and business.
 
Various federal, state and local laws have been enacted that are designed to discourage predatory lending practices. The Home Ownership and Equity Protection Act of 1994 (or HOEPA) prohibits inclusion of certain provisions in residential mortgage loans that have mortgage rates or origination costs in excess of prescribed levels and requires that borrowers be given certain disclosures prior to origination. Some states have enacted, or may enact, similar laws or regulations, which in some cases impose restrictions and requirements greater than those in HOEPA. In addition, under the anti-predatory lending laws of some states, the origination of certain residential mortgage loans, including loans that are not classified as “high cost” loans under applicable law, must satisfy a net tangible benefits test with respect to the related borrower. This test may be highly subjective and open to interpretation. As a result, a court may determine that a residential mortgage loan, for example, does not meet the test even if the related originator reasonably believed that the test was satisfied.


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Risks Related to Our Common Stock
 
There is no public market for our common stock and a market may never develop, which could result in holders of our common stock being unable to monetize their investment.
 
Shares of our common stock are newly-issued securities for which there is no established trading market. Our common stock has been approved for listing on the New York Stock Exchange (or the NYSE) under the symbol “FSQR,” but there can be no assurance that an active trading market for our common stock will develop. Accordingly, no assurance can be given as to the ability of our stockholders to sell their common stock or the price that our stockholders may obtain for their common stock.
 
Even if an active trading market develops, the market price of our common stock may be highly volatile and could be subject to wide fluctuations after this offering and may fall below the offering price. Some of the factors that could negatively affect the market price of our common stock include:
 
  •      our actual or anticipated variations in our quarterly operating results;
 
  •      changes in our earnings estimates or publication of research reports about us or the real estate industry;
 
  •      increases in market interest rates that may lead purchasers of our shares to demand a higher yield;
 
  •      changes in market valuations of similar companies;
 
  •      adverse market reaction to any increased indebtedness we incur in the future;
 
  •      changes in credit markets;
 
  •      additions to or departures of our manager’s key personnel;
 
  •      actions by our stockholders;
 
  •      speculation in the press or investment community; and
 
  •      general market and economic conditions.
 
Market factors unrelated to our performance could also negatively impact the market price of our common stock. One of the factors that investors may consider in deciding whether to buy or sell our common stock is our distribution rate as a percentage of our stock price relative to market interest rates. If market interest rates increase, prospective investors may demand a higher distribution rate or seek alternative investments paying higher dividends or interest. As a result, interest rate fluctuations and conditions in the capital markets can affect the market value of our common stock. For instance, if interest rates rise, it is likely that the market price of our common stock will decrease as market rates on interest-bearing securities increase.
 
Common stock eligible for future sale may have adverse effects on our share price. You should not rely upon lock-up agreements in connection with this offering and the concurrent private placement to limit the amount of shares of our common stock sold into the market.
 
We cannot predict the effect, if any, of future sales of our common stock, or the availability of shares for future sales, on the market price of our common stock. The market price of our common stock may decline significantly when the restrictions on resale (or lock-up agreements) by certain of our stockholders lapse, particularly in the case of shares purchased in the concurrent private placement. Sales of substantial amounts of common stock or the perception that such sales could occur may adversely affect the prevailing market price for our common stock.
 
Also, we may issue additional shares in subsequent public offerings or private placements to make new investments or for other purposes. We are not required to offer any such shares to existing stockholders on a preemptive basis. Therefore, it may not be possible for existing stockholders to participate in such future share issuances, which may dilute the existing stockholders’ interests in us.


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We have not established a minimum distribution payment level and we cannot assure you of our ability to pay distributions in the future.
 
We intend to pay quarterly distributions and to make distributions to our stockholders in an amount such that we distribute all or substantially all of our REIT taxable income in each year, subject to certain adjustments. We have not established a minimum distribution payment level and our ability to pay distributions may be adversely affected by a number of factors, including the risk factors described in this prospectus. All distributions will be made at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on our earnings, our financial condition, any debt covenants, maintenance of our REIT qualification and other factors as our board of directors may deem relevant from time to time. We believe that a change in any one of the following factors could adversely affect our results of operations and impair our ability to pay distributions to our stockholders:
 
  •      the profitability of the assets acquired with of the net proceeds of this offering and the concurrent private placement;
 
  •      our ability to make profitable investments;
 
  •      margin calls or other expenses that reduce our cash flow;
 
  •      defaults in our asset portfolio or decreases in the value of our portfolio; and
 
  •      the fact that anticipated operating expense levels may not prove accurate, as actual results may vary from estimates.
 
We cannot assure you that we will achieve investment results that will allow us to make a specified level of cash distributions or year-to-year increases in cash distributions in the future. In addition, some of our distributions may include a return in capital.
 
Investing in our common stock may involve a high degree of risk and may result in loss of principal.
 
The investments we make in accordance with our objectives and strategies may result in a high amount of risk when compared to alternative strategies and volatility or loss of principal. Our investments may be highly speculative and aggressive, and therefore an investment in our common stock may not be suitable for someone with lower risk tolerance.
 
Future offerings of debt or equity securities, which would rank senior to our common stock, may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.
 
If we decide to issue debt or equity securities in the future, which would rank senior to our common stock, it is likely that they will be governed by an indenture or other instrument containing covenants restricting our operating flexibility. Additionally, any convertible or exchangeable securities that we issue in the future may have rights, preferences and privileges more favorable than those of our common stock and may result in dilution to owners of our common stock. We and, indirectly, our stockholders, will bear the cost of issuing and servicing such securities. Because our decision to issue debt or equity securities in any future offering will depend on market conditions and other factors beyond our control, we cannot predict or estimate the amount, timing or nature of our future offerings. Thus holders of our common stock will bear the risk of our future offerings reducing the market price of our common stock and diluting the value of their stock holdings in us.


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Risks Related to Our Organization and Structure
 
Our charter and bylaws contain provisions that may inhibit potential acquisition bids that you and other stockholders may consider favorable, and the market price of our common stock may be lower as a result.
 
Upon completion of this offering, our charter and bylaws will contain provisions that may have an anti-takeover effect and inhibit a change in our board of directors. These provisions include the following:
 
There are ownership limits and restrictions on transferability and ownership in our charter.  To qualify as a REIT for each taxable year after 2009, not more than 50% of the value of our outstanding stock may be owned, directly or constructively, by five or fewer individuals during the second half of any calendar year. In addition, shares of our common stock must be beneficially owned by 100 or more persons during at least 335 days of a taxable year of 12 months or during a proportionate part of a shorter taxable year for each taxable year after 2009. To assist us in satisfying these tests, among other purposes, our charter generally prohibits any person from beneficially or constructively owning, applying certain attribution rules under the Internal Revenue Code, more than 9.8% in value or number of shares, whichever is more restrictive, of our outstanding shares of common stock or our outstanding capital stock. These restrictions may discourage a tender offer or other transactions or a change in the composition of our board of directors or control that might involve a premium price for our shares or otherwise be in the best interests of our stockholders. In addition, any shares issued or transferred in violation of such restrictions will be automatically transferred to a trust for a charitable beneficiary, thereby resulting in a forfeiture of the additional shares.
 
Our charter permits our board of directors to issue stock with terms that may discourage a third party from acquiring us.  Upon completion of this offering, our charter will permit our board of directors to amend the charter without stockholder approval to increase the total number of authorized shares of stock or the number of shares of any class or series and to issue common or preferred stock, having preferences, conversion or other rights, voting powers, restrictions, limitations as to dividends or other distributions, qualifications, or terms or conditions of redemption as determined by our board. Thus, our board could authorize the issuance of stock with terms and conditions that could have the effect of discouraging a takeover or other transaction in which holders of some or a majority of our shares might receive a premium for their shares over the then-prevailing market price of our shares.
 
Maryland Control Share Acquisition Act.  Maryland law provides that “control shares” of a corporation acquired in a “control share acquisition” will have no voting rights except to the extent approved by a vote of two-thirds of the votes eligible to be cast on the matter under the Maryland Control Share Acquisition Act.
 
If voting rights or control shares acquired in a control share acquisition are not approved at a stockholders’ meeting, or if the acquiring person does not deliver an acquiring person statement as required by the Maryland Control Share Acquisition Act, then, subject to certain conditions and limitations, the issuer may redeem any or all of the control shares for fair value. If voting rights of such control shares are approved at a stockholders’ meeting and the acquiror becomes entitled to vote a majority of the shares of stock entitled to vote, all other stockholders may exercise appraisal rights. Our bylaws contain a provision exempting acquisitions of our shares from the Maryland Control Share Acquisition Act. However, our board of directors may amend our bylaws in the future to repeal or modify this exemption, in which case any control shares of our company acquired in a control share acquisition will be subject to the Maryland Control Share Acquisition Act.
 
Business Combinations.  Under Maryland law, “business combinations” between a Maryland corporation and an interested stockholder or an affiliate of an interested stockholder are prohibited for five years after the most recent date on which the interested stockholder becomes an interested stockholder. These business combinations include a merger, consolidation, share exchange or, in circumstances specified in the statute, an asset transfer or issuance or reclassification of equity securities. An interested stockholder is defined as: (i) any person who beneficially owns 10% or more of the voting power of the corporation’s outstanding voting stock; or (ii) an affiliate or associate of the corporation who, at any time within the two-year period before the date in question, was the beneficial owner of 10% or more of the voting power of the then outstanding stock of the corporation.


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A person is not an interested stockholder under the statute if the board of directors approved in advance the transaction by which such person otherwise would have become an interested stockholder. However, in approving a transaction, the board of directors may provide that its approval is subject to compliance, at or after the time of approval, with any terms and conditions determined by our board of directors.
 
After the five-year prohibition, any business combination between the Maryland corporation and an interested stockholder generally must be recommended by the board of directors of the corporation and approved by the affirmative vote of at least: (i) 80% of the votes entitled to be cast by holders of outstanding shares of voting stock of the corporation; and (ii) two-thirds of the votes entitled to be cast by holders of voting stock of the corporation, other than shares held by the interested stockholder with whom or with whose affiliate the business combination is to be effected or held by an affiliate or associate of the interested stockholder.
 
These super-majority vote requirements do not apply if the corporation’s common stockholders receive a minimum price, as defined under Maryland law, for their shares in the form of cash or other consideration in the same form as previously paid by the interested stockholder for its shares.
 
The statute permits various exemptions from its provisions, including business combinations that are exempted by the board of directors before the time that the interested stockholder becomes an interested stockholder. Our board of directors has adopted a resolution which provides that any business combination between us and any other person is exempted from the provisions of the Maryland Business Combination Act, provided that the business combination is first approved by the board of directors (including a majority of our directors who are not affiliates or associates of such person). This resolution, however, may be altered or repealed in whole or in part at any time. If this resolution is repealed, or the board of directors does not otherwise approve a business combination, this statute may discourage others from trying to acquire control of us and increase the difficulty of consummating any offer.
 
Our charter and bylaws contain other possible anti-takeover provisions.  Upon completion of this offering, our charter and bylaws will contain other provisions that may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control of us or the removal of existing directors and, as a result, could prevent our stockholders from being paid a premium for their common stock over the then-prevailing market price. See “Description of Capital Stock” and “Certain Provisions of the Maryland General Corporation Law and Our Charter and Bylaws.”
 
Ownership limitations may restrict change of control of business combination opportunities in which our stockholders might receive a premium for their shares.
 
In order for us to qualify as a REIT for each taxable year after 2008, no more than 50% in value of our outstanding capital stock may be owned, directly or indirectly, by five or fewer individuals during the last half of any calendar year. “Individuals” for this purpose include natural persons, private foundations, some employee benefit plans and trusts, and some charitable trusts. To preserve our REIT qualification, among other purposes, our charter generally prohibits any person from directly or indirectly owning, applying certain attribution rules under the Internal Revenue Code, more than 9.8% in value or in number of shares, whichever is more restrictive, of our outstanding shares of common stock or our outstanding capital stock. This ownership limitation could have the effect of discouraging a takeover or other transaction in which holders of our common stock might receive a premium for their shares over the then prevailing market price or which holders might believe to be otherwise in their best interests. Different ownership limits may apply to AllianceBernstein and its direct and indirect subsidiaries, including but not limited to our manager.
 
Our rights and your rights to take action against our directors and officers are limited, which could limit your recourse in the event of actions not in your best interests.
 
Maryland law permits a Maryland corporation to include in its charter a provision limiting the liability of its directors and officers to the corporation and its stockholders for money damages except for liability resulting from (1) actual receipt of an improper benefit or profit in money, property or services or


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(2) active and deliberate dishonesty established by a final judgment as being material to the cause of action. Our charter contains such a provision that limits the liability of our directors and officers to the maximum extent permitted by Maryland law.
 
In addition, our charter authorizes us to obligate ourselves to indemnify our present and former directors and officers for actions taken by them in those capacities to the maximum extent permitted by Maryland law. Our bylaws require us to indemnify each present or former director or officer, to the maximum extent permitted by Maryland law, who is made, or threatened to be made, a party to any proceeding because of his or her service to us. In addition, we may be obligated to fund the defense costs incurred by our directors and officers. See “Certain Provisions of Maryland General Corporation Law and Our Charter and Bylaws — Indemnification and Limitation of Directors’ and Officers’ Liability.”
 
We may pay distributions from offering proceeds, borrowings or the sale of assets to the extent that distributions exceed earnings or cash flow from our operations.
 
Subject to limitations in our credit facilities, we may pay distributions from offering proceeds, borrowings or the sale of assets to the extent that distributions exceed earnings or cash flow from operations. Such distributions would reduce the amount of cash we have available for investing and other purposes and could be dilutive to our financial results. In addition, funding our distributions from our net proceeds may constitute a return of capital to our investors, which would have the effect of reducing each stockholder’s basis in its shares of common stock.
 
Tax Risks
 
Your investment has various tax risks.
 
This summary of certain tax risks is limited to the U.S. federal income tax risks addressed below. Additional risks or issues may exist that are not addressed in this prospectus and that could affect the U.S. federal income tax treatment of us or our stockholders.
 
We strongly urge you to review carefully the discussion under “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations” and to seek advice based on your particular circumstances from an independent tax advisor concerning the effects of U.S. federal, state and local tax law on an investment in our common stock and on your individual tax situation.
 
Our failure to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year would subject us to U.S. federal income tax and applicable state and local taxes, which would reduce the amount of cash available for distribution to our stockholders.
 
We have been organized and we intend to operate in a manner that will enable us to qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes commencing with our taxable year ending December 31, 2009. We have not requested and do not intend to request a ruling from the Internal Revenue Service, or the IRS, that we qualify as a REIT. The U.S. federal income tax laws governing REITs are complex. Judicial and administrative interpretations of the U.S. federal income tax laws governing REIT qualification are limited. To qualify as a REIT, we must meet, on an ongoing basis, various tests regarding the nature of our assets and our income, the ownership of our outstanding shares, and the amount of our distributions. Under these tests, we will be considered to own a proportionate amount of the assets owned, and to have earned a proportionate amount of the income earned, by entities such as the AB PPIF, in which we expect to acquire an indirect ownership interest but over which we may have no control, or only limited influence. Moreover, new legislation, court decisions or administrative guidance, in each case possibly with retroactive effect, may make it more difficult or impossible for us to qualify as a REIT. Thus, while we intend to operate so that we will qualify as a REIT, given the highly complex nature of the rules governing REITs and the nature of some of the assets and income of entities such as the AB PPIF in which we expect to acquire an indirect ownership interest, the ongoing importance of factual determinations, and the possibility of future changes in our circumstances, no assurance can be given that we will so qualify for any particular year. These considerations also might restrict the types of assets that we can acquire in the future.


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If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, and we do not qualify for certain statutory relief provisions, we would be required to pay U.S. federal income tax on our taxable income, and distributions to our stockholders would not be deductible by us in determining our taxable income. In such a case, we might need to borrow money or sell assets in order to pay our taxes. Our payment of income tax would decrease the amount of our income available for distribution to our stockholders. Furthermore, if we fail to maintain our qualification as a REIT, we no longer would be required to distribute substantially all of our net taxable income to our stockholders. In addition, unless we were eligible for certain statutory relief provisions, we could not re-elect to qualify as a REIT until the fifth calendar year following the year in which we failed to qualify.
 
Certain financing activities may subject us to U.S. federal income tax and could have negative tax consequences for our stockholders.
 
We expect to enter into transactions that could result in us or a portion of our assets being treated as a “taxable mortgage pool” for U.S. federal income tax purposes. If we were to enter into such a transaction, we would be taxed at the highest U.S. federal corporate income tax rate on a portion of the income, referred to as “excess inclusion income,” that is allocable to the percentage of our shares held in record name by “disqualified organizations,” which are generally certain cooperatives, governmental entities and tax exempt organizations that are exempt from tax on unrelated business taxable income. To the extent that common stock owned by “disqualified organizations” is held in record name by a broker/dealer or other nominee, the broker/dealer or other nominee would be liable for the U.S. federal corporate level tax on the portion of our excess inclusion income allocable to the common stock held by the broker/dealer or other nominee on behalf of the “disqualified organizations.” A regulated investment company (or RIC) or other pass through entity owning our common stock in record name will be subject to tax at the highest U.S. federal corporate tax rate on any excess inclusion income allocated to their owners that are disqualified organizations.
 
In addition, if we realize excess inclusion income and allocate it to our stockholders, this income cannot be offset by net operating losses of our stockholders. If the stockholder is a tax exempt entity and not a disqualified organization, then this income is fully taxable as unrelated business taxable income under Section 512 of the Internal Revenue Code. If the stockholder is a foreign person, then this income would be subject to withholding of U.S. federal income tax without any reduction or exemption pursuant to any otherwise applicable income tax treaty. If the stockholder is a REIT, a RIC, common trust fund or other pass through entity, our allocable share of our excess inclusion income could be considered excess inclusion income of such entity.
 
Complying with REIT requirements may force us to liquidate otherwise attractive investments.
 
To qualify as a REIT, we generally must ensure that at the end of each calendar quarter at least 75% of the value of our total assets consists of cash, cash items, government securities and qualified REIT real estate assets, including certain mortgage loans and MBS. The remainder of our investment in securities (other than government securities and qualifying real estate assets) generally cannot include more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of any one issuer or more than 10% of the total value of the outstanding securities of any one issuer. In addition, in general, no more than 5% of the value of our assets (other than government securities and qualifying real estate assets) can consist of the securities of any one issuer, and no more than 25% of the value of our total securities can be represented by stock and securities of one or more TRSs. See “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations — Asset Tests.” If we fail to comply with these requirements at the end of any quarter, we must correct the failure within 30 days after the end of such calendar quarter or qualify for certain statutory relief provisions to avoid losing our REIT qualification and suffering adverse tax consequences. As a result, we may be required to liquidate from our portfolio otherwise attractive investments. These actions could have the effect of reducing our income and amounts available for distribution to our stockholders.


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Potential characterization of distributions or gain on sale may be treated as unrelated business taxable income to U.S. tax exempt investors.
 
If (1) all or a portion of our assets are subject to the rules relating to taxable mortgage pools, (2) we are a “pension held REIT,” (3) a U.S. tax exempt stockholder has incurred debt to purchase or hold our common stock, or (4) any residual REMIC interests we buy generate “excess inclusion income,” then a portion of the distributions to a U.S. tax exempt stockholder and gains realized on the sale of common stock by such tax exempt stockholder may be subject to U.S. federal income tax as unrelated business taxable income under the Internal Revenue Code.
 
Failure to make required distributions would subject us to tax, which would reduce the cash available for distribution to our stockholders.
 
To qualify as a REIT, we must distribute to our stockholders each calendar year at least 90% of our REIT taxable income (including certain items of non-cash income), determined without regard to the deduction for dividends paid and excluding net capital gain. To the extent that we satisfy the 90% distribution requirement, but distribute less than 100% of our taxable income, we will be subject to U.S. federal corporate income tax on our undistributed income. In addition, we will incur a 4% nondeductible excise tax on the amount, if any, by which our distributions in any calendar year are less than a minimum amount specified under U.S. federal income tax laws. We intend to distribute our net income to our stockholders in a manner that will satisfy the REIT 90% distribution requirement and to avoid the 4% nondeductible excise tax:
 
Our taxable income may substantially exceed our net income as determined based on GAAP or differences in timing between the recognition of taxable income and the actual receipt of cash may occur. For example, we may be required to accrue income on mortgage loans, MBS and other types of debt securities or interests in debt securities before we receive any payments of interest or principal on such assets. We may also acquire distressed debt investments that are subsequently modified by agreement with the borrower either directly or pursuant to our involvement in the Legacy Loans Program or other similar programs recently announced by the federal government. As a result of amendments to a debt investment, we may be required to recognize taxable income to the extent that the principal amount of the modified debt exceeds our cost of purchasing it prior to the amendments. We may be required under the terms of the indebtedness that we incur, (or that may be incurred by the AB PPIF or other entities in which we acquire an ownership interest) whether to private lenders or pursuant to government programs, to use cash received from interest payments to make principal payments on that indebtedness, with the effect that we will recognize income but will not have a corresponding amount of cash available for distribution to our stockholders. As a result of the foregoing, we may generate less cash flow than taxable income in a particular year and find it difficult or impossible to meet REIT distribution requirements in certain circumstances.
 
In such circumstances, we may be required to:  (i) sell assets in adverse market conditions, (ii) borrow on unfavorable terms, (iii) distribute amounts that would otherwise be applied to make investments or repay debt or (iv) make a taxable distribution of our shares as part of a distribution in which stock holders may elect to receive shares or (subject to a limit measured as a percentage of the total distribution) cash, in order to comply with the REIT distribution requirements. Thus, compliance with the REIT distribution requirements may hinder our ability to grow, which could adversely affect the value of our common stock. We may be required to use cash reserves, incur debt, or liquidate non-cash assets at rates or at times that we regard as unfavorable to satisfy the distribution requirement and to avoid corporate income tax and the 4% nondeductible excise tax in that year.
 
We may choose to pay dividends in our own stock, in which case our stockholders may be required to pay income taxes in excess of the cash dividends received.
 
We may distribute taxable dividends that are payable in cash and shares of our common stock at the election of each stockholder. Under IRS Revenue Procedure 2009-15, up to 90% of any such taxable dividend for 2009 could be payable in our stock. Taxable stockholders receiving such dividends will be required to


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include the full amount of the dividend as ordinary income to the extent of our current or accumulated earnings and profits for federal income tax purposes. As a result, a U.S. stockholder may be required to pay income taxes with respect to such dividends in excess of the cash dividends received. Accordingly, stockholders receiving a distribution of our shares may be required to sell shares received in such distribution or may be required to sell other stock or assets owned by them, at a time that may be disadvantageous, in order to satisfy any tax imposed on such distribution. If a U.S. stockholder sells the stock it receives as a dividend in order to pay this tax, the sales proceeds may be less than the amount included in income with respect to the dividend, depending on the market price of our stock at the time of the sale. Moreover, in the case of a taxable distribution of shares of our stock with respect to which any withholding tax is imposed on a stockholder, we may have to withhold or dispose of part of the shares in such distribution and use such withheld shares or the proceeds of such disposition to satisfy the withholding tax imposed. In addition, if a significant number of our stockholders determine to sell shares of our common stock in order to pay taxes owed on dividends, such sales may put downward pressure on the trading price of our common stock. Further, because Revenue Procedure 2009-15 applies only to taxable dividends payable in cash or stock in 2009, it is unclear whether and to what extent we will be able to pay taxable dividends in cash and stock in later years. Moreover, various tax aspects of such a taxable cash/stock dividend are uncertain and have not yet been addressed by the IRS. No assurance can be given that the IRS will not impose additional requirements in the future with respect to taxable cash/stock dividends, including on a retroactive basis, or assert that the requirements for such taxable cash/stock dividends have not been met.
 
We may be required to report taxable income for certain investments in excess of the economic income we ultimately realize from them.
 
We may acquire interests in debt instruments in the secondary market for less than their face amount. The discount at which such interests in debt instruments are acquired may reflect doubts about the ultimate collectability of the underlying loans rather than current market interest rates. The amount of such discount will nevertheless generally be treated as “market discount” for U.S. federal income tax purposes. We expect to accrue market discount on the basis of a constant yield to maturity of the relevant debt instrument, based generally on the assumption that all future payments on the debt instrument will be made. Accrued market discount is reported as income when, and to the extent that, any payment of principal of the debt instrument is made. Payments on residential mortgage loans are ordinarily made monthly, and consequently accrued market discount may have to be included in income each month as if the debt instrument were assured of ultimately being collected in full. If we collect less on the debt instrument than our purchase price plus the market discount we had previously reported as income, we may not be able to benefit from any offsetting loss deductions in a subsequent taxable year.
 
Similarly, some of the securities that we acquire may have been issued with original issue discount. We will be required to report such original issue discount based on a constant yield method and will be taxed based on the assumption that all future projected payments due on such securities will be made. If such securities turns out not to be fully collectible, an offsetting loss deduction will become available only in the later year that uncollectability is provable.
 
Finally, in the event that any debt instruments or other securities acquired by us are delinquent as to mandatory principal and interest payments, or in the event payments with respect to a particular debt instrument are not made when due, we may nonetheless be required to continue to recognize the unpaid interest as taxable income as it accrues, despite doubt as to its ultimate collectability. Similarly, we may be required to accrue interest income with respect to subordinate mortgage-backed securities at its stated rate regardless of whether corresponding cash payments are received or are ultimately collectible. In each case, while we would in general ultimately have an offsetting loss deduction available to us when such interest was determined to be uncollectible, the utility of that deduction could depend on our having taxable income in that later year or thereafter.
 
Due to each of these potential timing differences between income recognition or expense deduction and the related cash receipts or disbursements, there is a significant risk that we may have substantial taxable income in excess of cash available for distribution. In that event, we may need to borrow funds or take other


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action to satisfy the REIT distribution requirements for the taxable year in which this “phantom income” is recognized.
 
Our ownership of and relationship with any TRS which we may form or acquire following the completion of this offering will be limited, and a failure to comply with the limits would jeopardize our REIT qualification and may result in the application of a 100% excise tax.
 
A REIT may own up to 100% of the stock of one or more TRSs. A TRS may earn income that would not be qualifying income if earned directly by the parent REIT. Both the subsidiary and the REIT must jointly elect to treat the subsidiary as a TRS. Overall, no more than 25% of the value of a REIT’s assets may consist of stock and securities of one or more TRSs. A TRS will pay federal, state and local income tax at regular corporate rates on any income that it earns. In addition, the TRS rules impose a 100% excise tax on certain transactions between a TRS and its parent REIT that are not conducted on an arm’s-length basis.
 
Any domestic TRS that we may form following the completion of this offering would pay U.S. federal, state and local income tax on its taxable income, and its after tax net income would be available for distribution to us but would not be required to be distributed to us by such domestic TRS. We anticipate that the aggregate value of the TRS stock and securities owned by us will be less than 25% of the value of our total assets (including the TRS stock and securities). Furthermore, we will monitor the value of our portfolio assets consisting of our TRSs to ensure compliance with the rule that no more than 25% of the value of our assets may consist of TRS stock and securities (which is applied at the end of each calendar quarter). In addition, we will scrutinize all of our transactions with TRSs to ensure that they are entered into on arm’s length terms to avoid incurring the 100% excise tax described above. There can be no assurance, however, that we will be able to comply with the TRS limitations or to avoid application of the 100% excise tax discussed above.
 
Liquidation of our assets may jeopardize our REIT qualification.
 
To qualify as a REIT, we must comply with requirements regarding our assets and our sources of income. If we are compelled to liquidate our portfolio assets to repay obligations to our lenders, we may be unable to comply with these requirements, ultimately jeopardizing our qualification as a REIT, or we may be subject to a 100% tax on any resultant gain if we sell assets in transactions that are considered to be prohibited transactions.
 
Characterization of the repurchase agreements we enter into to finance our portfolio assets as sales for tax purposes rather than as secured lending transactions or the failure of a mezzanine loan to qualify as a real estate asset would adversely affect our ability to qualify as a REIT.
 
We anticipate entering into repurchase agreements with a variety of counterparties to achieve our desired amount of leverage for the assets in which we intend to invest. When we enter into a repurchase agreement, we generally sell assets to our counterparty to the agreement and receive cash from the counterparty. The counterparty is obligated to resell the assets back to us at the end of the term of the transaction. We believe that for U.S. federal income tax purposes we will be treated as the owner of the assets that are the subject of repurchase agreements and that the repurchase agreements will be treated as secured lending transactions notwithstanding that such agreements may transfer record ownership of the assets to the counterparty during the term of the agreement. It is possible, however, that the IRS could successfully assert that we did not own these assets during the term of the repurchase agreements, in which case we could fail to qualify as a REIT.
 
In addition, we may acquire mezzanine loans, which are loans secured by equity interests in a partnership or limited liability company that directly or indirectly owns real property. In Revenue Procedure 2003-65, the IRS provided a safe harbor pursuant to which a mezzanine loan, if it meets each of the requirements contained in the Revenue Procedure, will be treated by the IRS as a real estate asset for purposes of the REIT asset tests, and interest derived from the mezzanine loan will be treated as qualifying mortgage interest for purposes of the REIT 75% income test. Although the Revenue Procedure provides a safe harbor on


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which taxpayers may rely, it does not prescribe rules of substantive tax law. We may acquire mezzanine loans that may not meet all of the requirements for reliance on this safe harbor. In the event we own a mezzanine loan that does not meet the safe harbor, the IRS could challenge such loan’s treatment as a real estate asset for purposes of the REIT asset and income tests, and if such a challenge were sustained, we could fail to qualify as a REIT.
 
Investments in certain financial assets will not qualify as “real estate assets” or generate “real estate income” for purposes of the REIT 75% asset and income qualification requirements and, as a result, our ability to make such investments will be limited.
 
To qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we must comply with certain asset and income REIT qualification requirements, as described in “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations — Asset Tests” and “— Gross Income Tests.” Because of these REIT qualification requirements, our ability to acquire certain financial assets such as ABS will be limited, or we may be required to make such investments through a TRS. In the event that we were to make such an investment through a domestic TRS, any income or gain from such ABS would generally be subject to U.S. federal, state and local corporate income tax, which may reduce the cash flow generated by us and our subsidiaries in the aggregate, and our ability to pay dividends to our stockholders. Our ability to make such investments through a TRS is limited, however, because of the REIT qualification requirement that no more than 25% of the value of our total assets can be comprised of stock and securities held by us in TRSs, and that 75% of our income must come from certain specified real estate sources.
 
We may lose our REIT qualification or be subject to a penalty tax if we earn and the IRS successfully challenges our characterization of income from foreign TRSs or other non-U.S. corporations in which we hold an equity interest.
 
We may make investments in non-U.S. corporations, some of which may, together with us, make a TRS election. We likely will be required to include in our income, even without the receipt of actual distributions, earnings from any such foreign TRSs or other non-U.S. corporations in which we hold an equity interest. The provisions that set forth what income is qualifying income for purposes of the 95% gross income test provide that gross income derived from dividends, interest and certain other enumerated classes of passive income qualify for purposes of the 95% gross income test. Income inclusions from equity investments in a foreign TRS or other non-U.S. corporations in which we hold an equity interest will be technically neither dividends nor any of the other enumerated categories of income specified in the 95% gross income test for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and there is no other clear precedent with respect to the qualification of such income. However, based on advice of counsel, we intend to treat such income inclusions, to the extent distributed by a foreign TRS or other non-U.S. corporation in which we hold an equity interest in the year accrued, as qualifying income for purposes of the 95% gross income test. Nevertheless, because this income does not meet the literal requirements of the REIT provisions, it is possible that the IRS could successfully take the position that such income is not qualifying income. We do not currently expect such income together with any other nonqualifying income that we receive for purposes of the 95% gross income test to be in excess of 5% of our annual gross income. In the event that such income, together with any other nonqualifying income for purposes of the 95% gross income test was in excess of 5% of our annual gross income and was determined not to qualify for the 95% gross income test, we would be subject to a penalty tax with respect to such income to the extent it and our other nonqualifying income exceed 5% of our gross income and/or we could fail to qualify as a REIT. See “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations.” In addition, if such income was determined not to qualify for the 95% gross income test, we would need to acquire sufficient qualifying assets, or sell some of our interests in any foreign TRSs or other non-U.S. corporations in which we hold an equity interest to ensure that the income recognized by us from our foreign TRSs or such other non-U.S. corporations does not exceed 5% of our gross income.


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Complying with REIT requirements may cause us to forego otherwise attractive investment opportunities or financing or hedging strategies.
 
The REIT provisions of the Internal Revenue Code limit our ability to hedge MBS and related borrowings. Under these provisions, our annual gross income from non-qualifying hedges, together with any other income not generated from qualifying real estate assets, cannot exceed 25% of our gross income (excluding for this purpose, gross income from qualified hedges). In addition, our aggregate gross income from non-qualifying hedges, fees, and certain other non qualifying sources cannot exceed 5% of our annual gross income (excluding for this purpose, gross income from qualified hedges). As a result, we might have to limit our use of advantageous hedging techniques or implement those hedges through a TRS, which we may form following the completion of this offering. This could increase the cost of our hedging activities or expose us to greater risks associated with changes in interest rates than we would otherwise want to bear. We may even be required to altogether forego investments we might otherwise make. We also may be required to make distributions to stockholders at disadvantageous times or when we do not have funds readily available for distribution. Thus, compliance with the REIT requirements may hinder our investment performance.
 
Even if we qualify as a REIT, we may face tax liabilities that reduce our cash flow.
 
Even if we qualify as a REIT, we may be subject to certain U.S. federal, state and local taxes on our income and assets, including taxes on any undistributed income, tax on income from some activities conducted as a result of a foreclosure, and state or local income, franchise, property and transfer taxes, including mortgage related taxes. See “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations — Taxation of REITs in General.” In addition, any domestic TRSs we own will be subject to U.S. federal, state, and local corporate taxes. In order to meet the REIT qualification requirements, or to avoid the imposition of a 100% tax that applies to certain gains derived by a REIT from sales of inventory or property held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business, we may hold some of our assets through taxable subsidiary corporations, including domestic TRSs. Any taxes paid by such subsidiary corporations would decrease the cash available for distribution to our stockholders.
 
The ownership limits that apply to REITs, as prescribed by the Internal Revenue Code and by our charter, may inhibit market activity in shares of our common stock and restrict our business combination opportunities.
 
In order for us to qualify as a REIT, not more than 50% in value of our outstanding shares of stock may be owned, directly or indirectly, by five or fewer individuals (as defined in the Internal Revenue Code to include certain entities) at any time during the last half of each taxable year after the first year for which we elect to qualify as a REIT. Additionally, at least 100 persons must beneficially own our stock during at least 335 days of a taxable year (other than the first taxable year for which we elect to be taxed as a REIT). Our charter, with certain exceptions, authorizes our directors to take such actions as are necessary and desirable to preserve our qualification as a REIT. Our charter also provides that, unless exempted by our board of directors, no person may own more than 9.8% by value or number of shares, whichever is more restrictive, of our outstanding shares of common stock or our outstanding capital stock. Our board may, in its sole discretion, subject to such conditions as it may determine and the receipt of certain representations and undertakings, prospectively or retroactively, waive the ownership limit or establish a different limit on ownership, or excepted holder limit, for a particular stockholder if the stockholder’s ownership in excess of the ownership limit would not result in our being “closely held” under Section 856(h) of the Internal Revenue Code or otherwise failing to qualify as a REIT. These ownership limits could delay or prevent a transaction or a change in control of our company that might involve a premium price for our shares of common stock or otherwise be in the best interest of our stockholders.
 
The tax on prohibited transactions will limit our ability to engage in transactions, including certain methods of securitizing mortgage loans, that would be treated as sales for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
 
A REIT’s net income from prohibited transactions is subject to a 100% tax. In general, prohibited transactions are sales or other dispositions of property, other than foreclosure property, but including mortgage loans, held as inventory or primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business. We might be


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subject to this tax if we were to sell or securitize loans in a manner that was treated as a sale of the loans as inventory for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Therefore, in order to avoid the prohibited transactions tax, we may choose not to engage in certain sales of loans, other than through a TRS, and we may be required to limit the structures we use for our securitization transactions, even though such sales or structures might otherwise be beneficial for us.
 
We may be subject to adverse legislative or regulatory tax changes that could reduce the market price of our common stock.
 
At any time, the U.S. federal income tax laws or regulations governing REITs or the administrative interpretations of those laws or regulations may be amended possibly with retroactive effect. We cannot predict when or if any new U.S. federal income tax law, regulation or administrative interpretation, or any amendment to any existing U.S. federal income tax law, regulation or administrative interpretation, will be adopted, promulgated or become effective, and any such law, regulation or interpretation may take effect retroactively. We and our stockholders could be adversely affected by any such change in, or any new, federal income tax law, regulation or administrative interpretation.
 
Dividends payable by REITs do not qualify for the reduced tax rates.
 
Dividends payable to domestic stockholders that are individuals, trusts and estates currently are generally taxed at a maximum rate of 15% (through 2010). Dividends payable by REITs, however, are generally not eligible for the reduced rates. The more favorable rates currently applicable to regular corporate dividends could cause investors who are individuals, trusts and estates to perceive investments in REITs to be relatively less attractive than investments in stock of non REIT corporations that pay dividends, which could adversely affect the value of the stock of REITs, including our common stock.
 
Our qualification as a REIT and exemption from U.S. federal income tax with respect to certain assets may be dependent on the accuracy of legal opinions or advice rendered or given or statements by the issuers of assets that we acquire, and the inaccuracy of any such opinions, advice or statements may adversely affect our REIT qualification and result in significant corporate-level tax.
 
When purchasing securities, we may rely on opinions or advice of counsel for the issuer of such securities, or statements made in related offering documents, for purposes of determining whether such securities represent debt or equity securities for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and also to what extent those securities constitute REIT real estate assets for purposes of the REIT asset tests and produce income which qualifies under the 75% REIT gross income test. In addition, when purchasing the equity tranche of a securitization, we may rely on opinions or advice of counsel regarding the qualification of the securitization for exemption from U.S. corporate income tax and the qualification of interests in such securitization as debt for U.S. federal income tax purposes. The inaccuracy of any such opinions, advice or statements may adversely affect our REIT qualification and result in significant corporate-level tax.
 
Our ability to invest in and dispose of “to be announced” securities could be limited by our REIT qualification, and we could fail to qualify as a REIT as a result of these investments.
 
We may purchase Agency RMBS through TBAs, or dollar roll transactions. In certain instances, rather than take delivery of the Agency RMBS subject to a TBA, we may dispose of the TBA through a dollar roll transaction in which we agree to purchase similar securities in the future at a predetermined price or otherwise, which may result in the recognition of income or gains. We will account for dollar roll transactions as purchases and sales. The law is unclear regarding whether TBAs will be qualifying assets for the 75% asset test and whether income and gains from dispositions of TBAs will be qualifying income for the 75% gross income test.
 
Unless we are advised by counsel that TBAs should be treated as qualifying assets for purposes of the 75% asset test, we will limit our investment in TBAs and any other non-qualifying assets to no more than 25% of our total assets at the end of any calendar quarter. Furthermore, until we are advised by counsel that


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income and gains from the disposition of TBAs should be treated as qualifying income for purposes of the 75% gross income test, we will limit our gains from dispositions of TBAs and any other non-qualifying income to no more than 25% of our total gross income for each calendar year. Accordingly, our ability to purchase Agency RMBS through TBAs and to dispose of TBAs, through dollar roll transactions or otherwise, could be limited.
 
Moreover, even if we are advised by counsel that TBAs should be treated as qualifying assets or that income and gains from dispositions of TBAs should be treated as qualifying income, it is possible that the IRS could successfully take the position that such assets are not qualifying assets and such income is not qualifying income. In that event, we could be subject to a penalty tax or we could fail to qualify as a REIT if (i) the value of our TBAs, together with our non-qualifying assets for the 75% asset test, exceeded 25% of our gross assets at the end of any calendar quarter, or (ii) our income and gains from the disposition of TBAs, together with our non-qualifying income for the 75% gross income test, exceeded 25% of our gross income for any taxable year.


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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
We make forward-looking statements in this prospectus that are subject to risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements include information about possible or assumed future results of our business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations, plans and objectives. When we use the words “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plan,” “continue,” “intend,” “should,” “may” or similar expressions, we intend to identify forward-looking statements. Statements regarding the following subjects, among others, may be forward-looking:
 
  •      use of proceeds of this offering and the concurrent private placement;
 
  •      our business and strategy;
 
  •      our projected operating results;
 
  •      actions and initiatives of the U.S. government, including the establishment of the TALF and the PPIP, and changes to U.S. government policies and the execution and impact of these actions, initiatives and policies;
 
  •      our ability to access U.S. government programs (directly or indirectly through any financing vehicles we may form), including the TALF and the PPIP;
 
  •      the formation of the AB PPIF and our ability to access the AB PPIF and other PPIFs sponsored or managed by AllianceBernstein or its sub-advisors or their affiliates, and the performance of any such vehicles;
 
  •      our ability to obtain and maintain financing arrangements, including securitizations;
 
  •      financing and advance rates for our target asset classes;
 
  •      AllianceBernstein’s ability to work with its sub-advisors and our ability to leverage and realize each of the sub-advisors’ experience and expertise;
 
  •      our expected leverage;
 
  •      general volatility of the markets in which acquire assets;
 
  •      our expected targeted assets;
 
  •      interest rate mismatches between our target asset classes and our borrowings used to fund such investments;
 
  •      changes in interest rates and the market value of our target asset classes;
 
  •      changes in prepayment rates on our target asset classes;
 
  •      effects of hedging instruments on our target asset classes;
 
  •      rates of default or decreased recovery rates on our target asset classes;
 
  •      the degree to which our hedging strategies may or may not protect us from interest rate volatility;
 
  •      impact of and changes in governmental regulations, tax law and rates, accounting guidance and similar matters;
 
  •      our ability to maintain our qualification as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes;
 
  •      our ability to maintain our exemption from registration under the 1940 Act;
 
  •      availability of opportunities in mortgage-related, real estate-related and other securities;
 
  •      availability of qualified personnel;
 
  •      estimates relating to our ability to make distributions to our stockholders in the future;


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  •      our understanding of our competition; and
 
  •      market trends in our industry, interest rates, real estate values, the debt securities markets or the general economy.
 
The forward-looking statements are based on our beliefs, assumptions and expectations of our future performance, taking into account all information currently available to us. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. These beliefs, assumptions and expectations can change as a result of many possible events or factors, not all of which are known to us. Some of these factors are described in this prospectus under the headings “Summary,” “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Business.” If a change occurs, our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations may vary materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements. Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made. New risks and uncertainties arise over time, and it is not possible for us to predict those events or how they may affect us. Except as required by law, we are not obligated to, and do not intend to, update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.


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USE OF PROCEEDS
 
We estimate that our net proceeds from the initial public offering of our common stock, based on a public offering price of $20.00 per share, after deducting the initial underwriting discount and our estimated offering and organizational expenses, which include expenses of our manager, the advisor, the sub-advisors and the consultant related to our formation and this offering, will be approximately $478.0 million and approximately $550.0 million if the underwriters exercise their overallotment option in full.
 
Concurrently with the closing of this offering, we will sell to AllianceBernstein and the other owners of our manager, or their respective affiliates and certain of their executives and consultants, in a separate private placement, an aggregate of 1,500,000 shares, representing 6% of the shares of our common stock issued in this offering, excluding the underwriters’ overallotment option, at a price per share equal to the initial public offering price per share in this offering. No underwriting discount is payable in connection with the sale of shares to the members of our senior management team and affiliates of our manager.
 
All of the shares sold in this offering will be sold to the underwriters at $      per share, representing an initial discount to the underwriters of $      per share. Of this initial amount, we will pay the underwriters $      share upon the closing of this offering. We have agreed to pay the underwriters an additional $      per share, with respect to all shares sold in this offering if during any full four calendar quarter period during the 24 full calendar quarters after the consummation of this offering our Core Earnings (as described herein) for any such four-quarter period exceed the product of (x) the weighted average of the issue price per share of all public offerings of our common stock, multiplied by the weighted average number of shares outstanding (including any restricted stock units, any restricted shares of common stock and any other shares of common stock underlying awards granted under our equity incentive plans) in such four-quarter period and (y) 8.0%. If this performance hurdle rate is not satisfied, the aggregate underwriting discount paid by us, based on a public offering price of $20.00 per share, would be $20 million (or     % of the public offering price). If we exceed the performance hurdle rate described above, we would pay the underwriters an additional underwriting discount equal to $10 million in the aggregate (or $11.5 million if the underwriters exercise their overallotment in full). In either such case, our total net proceeds from this offering would be approximately $468.0 million (or, if the underwriters exercise their overallotment option in full, approximately $538.5 million), after deducting the initial underwriting discount, the additional deferred underwriting discount and estimated offering expenses.
 
We intend to use the net proceeds of this offering and the concurrent private placement to acquire assets within our target asset classes in accordance with our objectives and strategies described in this prospectus. See “Business — Current Market Opportunities.” As a result of the pre-qualification of AllianceBernstein, together with Greenfield and Rialto as two of its sub-advisors, by the U.S. Treasury as an initial PPIF manager under the Legacy Securities Program, we currently expect to deploy between 30% to 40% of the net proceeds from this offering and the concurrent private placement to acquire a minority interest in the AB PPIF. We also expect that, in addition to our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF, our initial focus will be on acquiring (or otherwise gaining exposure to) primarily CMBS and non-Agency RMBS with a secondary focus on Agency RMBS, and over time on our other target asset classes including commercial and residential mortgage loans, with (where applicable) borrowings through the TALF, as well as through securitizations and other sources of funding.
 
Until appropriate assets can be identified or until we receive capital calls from the AB PPIF, our manager may invest the net proceeds of this offering and the concurrent private placement in interest-bearing short-term investments, including money market accounts and funds and liquid Agency RMBS, that are consistent with our intention to qualify as a REIT. These initial investments are expected to provide a lower net return than we will seek to achieve from our assets. We anticipate that we will be able to identify a sufficient amount of investments in our target assets within approximately 12 months after the closing of this offering and the concurrent private placement. However, depending on the availability of appropriate investment opportunities and subject to market conditions, there can be no assurance that we will be able to identify a sufficient amount of investments within this timeframe.
 
Prior to the time we have fully used the net proceeds of this offering and the concurrent private placement to acquire our assets, we may fund our quarterly distributions out of such net proceeds.


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DISTRIBUTION POLICY
 
We intend to make regular quarterly distributions to holders of our common stock. U.S. federal income tax law generally requires that a REIT distribute annually at least 90% of its REIT taxable income, without regard to the deduction for dividends paid and excluding net capital gains, and that it pay tax at regular corporate rates to the extent that it annually distributes less than 100% of its net taxable income. To satisfy the requirements to qualify as a REIT and generally not be subject to U.S. federal income and excise tax, we intend to make regular quarterly distributions of all or substantially all of our net taxable income to holders of our common stock out of assets legally available therefor. We plan to pay our first distribution in respect of the period from the closing of this offering through December 31, 2009 which may be prior to the time that we have fully deployed the net proceeds from this offering and the concurrent private placement in assets within our target asset classes.
 
If we pay a taxable stock distribution, our stockholders would be sent a form that would allow each stockholder to elect to receive its proportionate share of such distribution in all cash or in all stock and the distribution will be made in accordance with such elections, provided that if the stockholders’ elections, in the aggregate, would result in the payment of cash in excess of the maximum amount of cash to be distributed, then cash payments to stockholders who elected to receive cash will be prorated, and the excess of each such stockholder’s entitlement in the distribution, less such prorated cash payment, would be paid to such stockholder in shares of our common stock.
 
To the extent that in respect of any calendar year, cash available for distribution is less than our net taxable income, we could be required to sell assets or borrow funds to make cash distributions or make a portion of the required distribution in the form of a taxable stock distribution or distribution of debt securities. In addition, prior to the time we have fully deployed the net proceeds of this offering and the concurrent private placement, we may fund our quarterly distributions out of such net proceeds, which would reduce the amount of cash we have available for investing and other purposes. The use of such net proceeds for distribution could be dilutive to our financial results. In addition, funding our distributions from such net proceeds may constitute a return of capital to our investors, which would have the effect of reducing each stockholder’s tax basis in its shares of common stock. We will generally not be required to make distributions with respect to activities conducted through any domestic TRS that we form following the completion of this offering. For more information, see “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations — Taxation of Our Company in General.”
 
Any distributions we make will be at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend upon, among other things, our earnings and financial condition, any debt covenants, funding or margin requirements under repurchase agreements, warehouse facilities, seller financing, bank credit facilities (including term loans and revolving facilities) or other secured and unsecured borrowing agreements, maintenance of our REIT qualification, applicable provisions of the MGCL, and such other factors as our board of directors deems relevant. Our earnings and financial condition and our ability to pay distributions will be affected by various factors, including the net interest and other income from our portfolio, our operating expenses and any other expenditures. For more information regarding risk factors that could materially adversely affect our earnings and financial condition, see “Risk Factors.”
 
We anticipate that our distributions generally will be taxable as ordinary income to our stockholders, although a portion of the distributions may be designated by us as qualified dividend income or capital gain, or may constitute a return of capital. We will furnish annually to each of our stockholders a statement setting forth distributions paid during the preceding year and their characterization as ordinary income, return of capital, qualified dividend income or capital gain. For more information, see “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations — Taxation of Taxable U.S. Stockholders.”


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CAPITALIZATION
 
The following table sets forth (1) our actual capitalization as of June 30, 2009 and (2) our capitalization as adjusted to reflect the effects of (A) the sale of our common stock in this offering at an assumed offering price of $20.00 per share after deducting the underwriting discount and estimated organizational and offering expenses payable by us, (B) the sale of an aggregate of 1,500,000 shares of our common stock in the concurrent private placement, at the initial public offering price per share set forth on the cover page of this prospectus (but without payment of any underwriting discount by us), for an aggregate investment equal to $30,000,000, and (C) the issuance of 662,500 shares (or 756,250 shares if the underwriters exercise their overallotment option in full) of restricted common stock units to be granted to our manager under our 2009 equity incentive plan upon closing of this offering. You should read this table together with “Use of Proceeds” included elsewhere in this prospectus.
 
                 
    As of June 30, 2009  
    Actual     As Adjusted(1)(2)  
 
Stockholders’ equity:
               
Common stock, par value $0.01 per share; 1,000 shares authorized, 100 shares outstanding, actual, and 450,000,000 shares authorized and 27,162,500 shares outstanding, as adjusted
  $ 1     $ 271,625  
Capital in excess of par value
  $ 999     $ 497,728,375 (3)
                 
Total stockholders’ equity
  $ 1,000     $ 498,000,000  
                 
 
 
(1) Assumes 26,500,000 shares will be sold in this offering and the concurrent private placement for net proceeds of approximately $498.0 million after deducting the initial underwriting discount and the additional deferred underwriting discount for this offering and estimated offering and organizational expenses, which include expenses of our manager, the advisor, the sub-advisors and the consultant related to our formation and this offering. The additional deferred underwriting discount will only be paid by us if we meet the performance hurdle described in “Use of Proceeds.” We will repurchase the 100 shares currently owned by AllianceBernstein acquired in connection with our formation at a cost of $10.00 per share. The shares sold to AllianceBernstein and the other owners of our manager, or their respective affiliates and certain of their executives and consultants, in the concurrent private placement will be sold at the offering price without payment of any underwriting discount by us. See “Use of Proceeds.”
 
(2) Does not include the exercise of the underwriters’ overallotment option to purchase up to 3,750,000 additional shares or the 93,750 shares of restricted common stock units that would be issued in connection with the exercise of the underwriters’ overallotment option in full.
 
(3) Capital in excess of par value has been reduced by estimated organizational and offering expenses (which include expenses of our manager, the advisor, the sub-advisors and the consultant related to our formation and this offering), the initial underwriting discount and the additional deferred underwriting discount. The additional deferred underwriting discount will only be paid by us if we meet the performance hurdle described in “Use of Proceeds.”


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SELECTED FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
The following table presents selected financial information as of June 30, 2009. We have no operating history and no portfolio of assets.
 
The following selected financial information is only a summary and is qualified by reference to and should be read in conjunction with our audited balance sheet as of June 30, 2009, and the related notes thereto included elsewhere in this prospectus.
 
         
    As of June 30, 2009  
 
ASSETS
       
Cash
  $ 1,000  
         
STOCKHOLDER’S EQUITY
       
Common stock, $0.01 par value per share, 1,000 shares authorized, 100 shares issued and outstanding
  $ 1  
Additional paid in capital
    999  
         
Total stockholder’s equity
  $ 1,000  
         


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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
You should read the following discussion in conjunction with the sections of this prospectus entitled “Risk Factors,” “Forward-Looking Statements,” and “Business” included elsewhere in this prospectus. This discussion contains forward-looking statements reflecting current expectations that involve risks and uncertainties. Actual results and the timing of events may differ materially from those contained in these forward-looking statements due to a number of factors, including those discussed in the section entitled “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this prospectus.
 
Overview
 
We are a newly-formed corporation focused on acquiring, financing and managing a portfolio of CMBS, RMBS, commercial and residential mortgage loans, other real estate-related securities, various other classes of ABS and other financial assets. RMBS will include both non-Agency RMBS and Agency RMBS.
 
Our objective is to provide above average returns relative to the potential volatility or risk in making those returns (or attractive risk-adjusted returns) to our investors over the long term, primarily through dividends and secondarily through capital appreciation. We intend to achieve this objective by selectively acquiring a diversified portfolio of assets in our target asset classes with a focus on the credit characteristics of the underlying collateral that will be designed to achieve attractive returns across a variety of market conditions and economic cycles.
 
We will be externally managed and advised by our manager, a recently-formed majority-owned subsidiary of AllianceBernstein. Our manager will contract with AllianceBernstein to manage our portfolio and conduct our day-to-day operations and to provide us with management, administrative and technology support functions to conduct our business. In sourcing, evaluating and managing our portfolio assets, AllianceBernstein’s capabilities will be augmented by the collective capabilities of Greenfield and Rialto, or the sub-advisors, through sub-advisory arrangements, and Flexpoint Ford, through consulting arrangements. On July 8, 2009, the U.S. Treasury pre-qualified AllianceBernstein, together with Greenfield and Rialto as two of its sub-advisors, as one of the nine initial PPIF managers under the Legacy Securities Program established under the PPIP.
 
We have not acquired any assets as of the date hereof. We will commence operations upon completion of this offering and our concurrent private placement described below under “Business — Our Manager.” We intend to elect and qualify to be taxed as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, commencing with our taxable year ending December 31, 2009. We also intend to operate our business in a manner that will permit us to maintain our exemption from registration under the Investment Company Act of 1940, or the 1940 Act.
 
Factors Impacting Our Operating Results
 
We expect that the results of our operations will be affected by a number of factors and will primarily depend on, among other things, the level of our net interest income, the market value of our assets and the supply of, and demand for, assets within our target asset classes and other financial assets in the marketplace. Our net interest income, which reflects the amortization of purchase premiums and accretion of purchase discounts, varies primarily as a result of changes in market interest rates, prepayment speeds, as measured by the Constant Prepayment Rate, or CPR, on our MBS assets and prepayment rates on our mortgage loans. Interest rates and prepayment rates vary according to the type of investment, conditions in the financial markets, competition and other factors, none of which can be predicted with any certainty. Our operating results may also be impacted by credit losses in excess of initial anticipations or unanticipated credit events experienced by borrowers whose mortgage loans are included in our CMBS or non-Agency RMBS or are held directly by us.


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Changes in Market Value of our Assets
 
It is our business strategy to hold assets within our target asset classes as long-term investments. As such, we expect that our MBS will be carried at their fair value, as available-for-sale in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, Statement of Financial Accounting Standards, or SFAS, No. 115, “Accounting for Certain Investments in Debt or Equity Securities,” or SFAS 115, with changes in fair value recorded through accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss), a component of stockholders’ equity, rather than through earnings. As a result, we do not expect that changes in the market value of the assets will normally impact our operating results. However, at least on a quarterly basis, we will assess both our ability and intent to continue to hold such assets as long-term investments. As part of this process, we will monitor our portfolio of assets for other-than-temporary impairment. A change in our ability and/or intent to continue to hold any of our investment securities could result in our recognizing an impairment charge or realizing losses upon the sale of such securities.
 
Changes in Market Interest Rates
 
With respect to our proposed business operations, increases in interest rates, in general, may over time cause: (1) the interest expense associated with our borrowings to increase; (2) the value of our assets to decline; (3) coupons on our floating rate CMBS, RMBS secured by adjustable-rate and hybrid mortgage loans, and floating rate mortgage loans to reset, although on a delayed basis, to higher interest rates; (4) prepayments on our MBS and mortgage loan portfolio to slow, thereby slowing the amortization of our purchase premiums and the accretion of our purchase discounts; and (5) to the extent we enter into interest rate swap agreements as part of our hedging strategy, the value of these agreements to increase. Conversely, decreases in interest rates, in general, may over time cause: (A) prepayments on our MBS and mortgage loan portfolio to increase, thereby accelerating the amortization of our purchase premiums and the accretion of our purchase discounts; (B) the interest expense associated with our borrowings to decrease; (C) the value of our MBS and mortgage loan portfolio to increase; (D) to the extent we enter into interest rate swap agreements as part of our hedging strategy, the value of these agreements to decrease; and (E) coupons on our floating rate CMBS, RMBS secured by adjustable-rate and hybrid mortgage loans, and floating rate mortgage loans to reset, although on a delayed basis, to lower interest rates.
 
Since changes in interest rates may significantly affect our activities, our operating results depend, in large part, upon our ability to effectively manage interest rate risks and prepayment risks while maintaining our qualification as a REIT.
 
Prepayment Speeds
 
Prepayment rates on CMBS vary according to interest rates, the type of investment, conditions in the financial markets, competition and other factors, none of which can be predicted with any certainty. We expect that over time our floating rate CMBS will experience higher prepayment rates than do fixed rate CMBS as we believe that borrowers with floating rate commercial mortgage loans exhibit more refinancing activity compared to fixed rate borrowers. In addition, in normal markets, prepayments on floating rate commercial mortgage loans tend to accelerate significantly as the coupon rest date approaches.
 
Prepayment speeds on RMBS vary according to interest rates, the type of investment, conditions in the financial markets, competition, foreclosures, the availability of loan modification or loan refinancing programs, and other factors and cannot be predicted with any certainty. In general, when interest rates rise, it is relatively less attractive for borrowers to refinance their mortgage loans and, as a result, prepayment speeds tend to decrease. This can extend the period over which we earn interest income. When interest rates fall, prepayment speeds on RMBS tend to increase, thereby decreasing the period over which we earn interest income. Additionally, other factors such as the credit rating of the borrower, the rate of home price appreciation or depreciation, financial market conditions, foreclosures and lender competition, none of which can be predicted with any certainty, may affect prepayment speeds on RMBS.


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Credit Risk
 
One of our strategic focuses is acquiring assets which we believe to be of high credit quality. We believe this strategy will generally keep our credit losses and financing costs low. While we do not expect to encounter credit risk in our Agency RMBS assets, we will have exposure to credit risk on our mortgage loans, on mortgage loans underlying our CMBS and non-Agency RMBS portfolio, and on loans underlying ABS assets as well as other assets. Our manager will seek to manage credit risk by performing credit fundamental analysis of potential assets, engaging in pre-acquisition due diligence process, including through utilizing third party service providers, and through use of non-recourse financing which will limit our exposure to credit losses to the specific pool of mortgages that are subject to the non-recourse financing and, subject to our maintaining our qualification as a REIT, through the use of derivative financial instruments. Our manager also expects to heavily rely on the resources of AllianceBernstein and its sub-advisors to perform services to try to mitigate our credit risk. Nevertheless, unanticipated credit losses could occur which could adversely impact our operating results.
 
Market Conditions
 
Beginning in the summer of 2007, adverse changes in the financial markets triggered a deleveraging of the entire global financial system and the forced sale of large quantities of mortgage-related and other financial assets. As a result of these conditions, many traditional mortgage investors suffered severe losses in their loan and securities portfolios and several major market participants failed or were impaired, which resulted in a contraction in market liquidity for mortgage-related assets. This illiquidity negatively affected both the terms and availability of financing for all mortgage-related assets, and generally resulted in mortgage-related assets trading at significantly lower prices compared to prior periods. The recent period has also been characterized by an almost across the board downward movement in loan and securities valuations, even though different mortgage pools have exhibited widely different default rate and performance characteristics. The lower asset prices have also been accompanied by correspondingly higher current yields on our universe of target assets. In an effort to stem the fallout from current market conditions, the United States and other nations have injected unprecedented levels of liquidity into the financial system and took and are taking other actions designed to create a floor in financial asset valuations, restore stability to the financial services sector and support the flow of credit and other capital into the broader economy.
 
Extension Risk
 
Our manager will compute the projected weighted average life of our assets based on assumptions regarding the rate at which the borrowers will prepay the underlying mortgages. In general, when we acquire a fixed-rate, adjustable rate or hybrid MBS, we may, but are not required to, enter into an interest rate swap agreement or other hedging instrument that effectively fixes our borrowing costs for a period close to the anticipated average life of the fixed-rate portion of the related assets. This strategy is designed to protect us from rising interest rates because the borrowing costs are fixed for the duration of the fixed-rate portion of the related assets.
 
However, if prepayment rates decrease in a rising interest rate environment, the life of the fixed-rate portion of the related assets could extend beyond the term of the swap agreement or other hedging instrument. This could have a negative impact on our results of operations, as borrowing costs would no longer be fixed after the end of the hedging instrument while the income earned on the adjustable rate or hybrid MBS would remain fixed. This situation may also cause the market value of our adjustable rate or hybrid MBS to decline, with little or no offsetting gain from the related hedging transactions. In extreme situations, we may be forced to sell assets to maintain adequate liquidity, which could cause us to incur losses.
 
Real Estate Risk
 
Real property values and net operating income derived from commercial properties are subject to volatility and may be affected adversely by a number of factors, including, but not limited to: national, regional and local economic conditions (which may be adversely affected by industry slowdowns and other


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factors); local real estate conditions (such as an oversupply of housing, retail, industrial, office or other commercial space); changes or continued weakness in specific industry segments; construction quality, age and design; demographic factors; retroactive changes to building or similar codes; and increases in operating expenses (such as energy costs). In the event its income decreases, a borrower may have difficulty making its debt service payments, which could adversely affect the value of our MBS.
 
Size of Portfolio
 
The size of our portfolio of assets, as measured by the aggregate principal balance of our mortgage-related securities and our mortgage loans and the other assets we own is also a key revenue driver. Generally, as the size of our portfolio grows, the amount of interest income we receive increases. A larger portfolio, however, may result in increased expenses as we may incur additional expense to identify appropriate assets and interest expense to finance the purchase of such assets.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates
 
Our financial statements are prepared in accordance with GAAP, which requires the use of estimates and assumptions that involve the exercise of judgment and use of assumptions as to future uncertainties. In accordance with SEC guidance, the following discussion addresses the accounting policies that we will apply based on our expectation of our initial operations. Our most critical accounting policies will involve decisions and assessments that could affect our reported assets and liabilities, as well as our reported revenues and expenses. We believe that all of the decisions and assessments upon which our financial statements will be based will be reasonable at the time made and based upon information available to us at that time. Our critical accounting policies and accounting estimates will be expanded over time as we fully implement our strategy. Those material accounting policies and estimates that we initially expect to be most critical to an investor’s understanding of our financial results and condition and require complex management judgment are discussed below.
 
Valuation of Financial Instruments
 
The FASB issued SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements,” or SFAS 157, which establishes a new framework for measuring fair value and expands related disclosures. SFAS 157 establishes a hierarchy of valuation (levels 1, 2, and 3, as defined) techniques based on the observability of inputs utilized in measuring financial instruments at fair values. Additionally, companies are required to provide enhanced disclosure regarding instruments in the level 3 category (which require significant management judgment), including a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances separately for each major category of assets and liabilities. SFAS 157 establishes market based or observable inputs as the preferred source of values, followed by valuation models using management assumptions in the absence of market inputs.
 
We expect that our MBS will be valued using a pricing model. The MBS pricing model will incorporate such factors as coupons, prepayment speeds, spread to the Treasury and swap curves, convexity, duration, periodic and life caps and credit enhancement. Management will review the fair values determined by the pricing model and compare its results to dealer quotes received on each investment to validate the reasonableness of the valuations indicated by the pricing models. The dealer quotes will incorporate common market pricing methods, including a spread measurement to the Treasury curve or interest rate swap curve as well as underlying characteristics of the particular security, including coupon, periodic and life caps, rate reset period, issuer, additional credit support and expected life of the security.
 
Any changes to the valuation methodology will be reviewed by our manager to ensure the changes are appropriate. As markets and products develop and the pricing for certain products becomes more transparent, we will continue to refine our valuation methodologies. The methods used by us may produce a fair value calculation that may not be indicative of net realizable value or reflective of future fair values. Furthermore, while we anticipate that our valuation methods will be appropriate and consistent with other market participants, the use of different methodologies, or assumptions, to determine the fair value of certain financial instruments could result in a different estimate of fair value at the reporting date. We will use inputs


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that are current as of the measurement date, which may include periods of market dislocation, during which price transparency may be reduced.
 
Fair Value Option
 
The FASB issued SFAS No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities,” or SFAS 159, which permits entities to choose to measure many financial instruments and certain other items at fair value. Changes in fair value, along with transaction costs, would be reported through net income. SFAS 159 also establishes presentation and disclosure requirements designed to facilitate comparison between entities that choose different measurement attributes for similar types of assets and liabilities. We will evaluate on an investment by investment basis whether to elect the fair value option for any qualifying financial assets or liabilities that are not otherwise required to be carried at fair value in our financial statements. Unrealized gains and losses on items for which the fair value option has been elected will be recognized in earnings at each subsequent reporting date.
 
Classification of Investment Securities
 
SFAS No. 115, “Accounting for Certain Investments in Debt and Equity Securities,” or SFAS 115, requires that at the time of purchase, we designate a security as either held-to-maturity, available-for-sale or trading depending on our ability and intent to hold such security to maturity. At each reporting date, securities available-for-sale will be reported at fair value, while securities held-to-maturity will be reported at amortized cost. Although we generally intend to hold most of our CMBS and RMBS until maturity, we may, from time to time, sell any of our CMBS and RMBS as part of our overall management of our portfolio of assets.
 
All securities classified as available-for-sale will be reported at fair value, based on market prices from third-party sources when available, with unrealized gains and losses excluded from earnings and reported as a separate component of stockholders’ equity. We do not have a portfolio of assets at this time.
 
Our manager will evaluate securities for other-than-temporary impairment, or OTTI, on at least a quarterly basis, and more frequently when economic or market conditions warrant such evaluation. In accordance with FASB Staff Position, or FSP, FAS 115-2 and FAS 124-2 the determination of OTTI of debt instruments, where fair value is below amortized cost, is triggered in circumstances where: (1) an entity has the intent to sell a security; (2) it is more likely than not that the entity will be required to sell the security before recovery of its amortized cost basis; or (3) the entity does not expect to recover the entire amortized cost basis of the security. If an entity intends to sell a security or if it is more likely than not the entity will be required to sell the security before recovery, an OTTI write-down is recognized in earnings equal to the entire difference between the security’s amortized cost basis and its fair value. If an entity does not intend to sell the security or it is not more likely than not that it will be required to sell the security before recovery, the OTTI write-down is separated into an amount representing the credit loss, which is recognized in earnings, and the amount related to all other factors, which is recognized in other comprehensive income.
 
Commercial and Residential Real Estate Loans — Fair Value
 
Commercial and residential real estate loans at fair value are loans otherwise accounted for as held-for-sale or held-for-investment where we may elect the fair value option under SFAS 159. Interest will be recognized as revenue when earned and deemed collectible or until it becomes probable that we will be unable to collect all amounts due. Changes in fair value (gains and losses) will be reported through our consolidated statements of (loss) income.
 
Commercial and Residential Real Estate Loans — Held-for-Sale
 
Commercial and residential real estate loans held-for-sale are loans that we will be marketing for sale to independent third parties. These loans are carried at the lower of their cost or fair value in accordance with SFAS No. 65, “Accounting for Certain Mortgage Banking Activities” as measured on an individual basis. Interest will be recognized as revenue when earned and deemed collectible or until it becomes probable that


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we will be unable to collects all amounts due. If fair value is lower than amortized cost, changes in fair value (gains and losses) will be reported through our consolidated statements of (loss) income.
 
Commercial and Residential Real Estate Loans — Held-for-Investment
 
Real estate loans held-for-investment will be carried at their unpaid principal balances adjusted for net unamortized premiums or discounts and net of any allowance for credit losses. Interest will be recognized as revenue when earned and deemed collectible or until it becomes probable that we will be unable to collect all amounts due. Pursuant to SFAS No. 91, “Accounting for Nonrefundable Fees and Costs Associated with Originating or Acquiring Loans and Initial Direct Costs of Lease,” or SFAS 91, we will use the interest method to determine an effective yield and to amortize the premium or discount on real estate loans held-for-investment.
 
Real Estate Loans — Allowance for Loan Losses
 
For real estate loans classified as held-for-investment, we will establish and maintain an allowance for loan losses based on our estimate of credit losses inherent in our loan portfolios. To calculate the allowance for loan losses, we will assess inherent losses by determining loss factors (defaults, the timing of defaults and loss severities upon defaults) that can be specifically applied to each of the consolidated loans or pool of loans.
 
We will follow the guidelines of SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 102, “Selected Loan Loss Allowance Methodology and Documentation,” SFAS No. 5, “Accounting for Contingencies,” SFAS No. 114, “Accounting by Creditors for Impairment of a Loan,” and SFAS No. 118, “Accounting by Creditors for Impairment of a Loan-Income Recognition and Disclosures” in setting the allowance for loan losses.
 
We will consider the following factors in determining the allowance for loan losses:
 
  •      Ongoing analyses of loans, including, but not limited to, the age of loans, underwriting standards, business climate, economic conditions, geographical considerations and other observable data;
 
  •      Historical loss rates and past performance of similar loans;
 
  •      Relevant environmental factors;
 
  •      Relevant market research and publicly available third-party reference loss rates;
 
  •      Trends in delinquencies and charge-offs;
 
  •      Effects and changes in credit concentrations;
 
  •      Information supporting a borrower’s ability to meet obligations;
 
  •      Ongoing evaluations of fair values of collateral using current appraisals and other valuations; and
 
  •      Discounted cash flow analyses.
 
Investment Consolidation
 
For each investment we make, we will evaluate the underlying entity that issued the securities we acquired or to which we make a loan to determine the appropriate accounting. A similar analysis will be performed for each entity with which we enter into an agreement for management, servicing or related services. In performing our analysis, we will refer to guidance in SFAS No. 140, “Accounting for Transfers and Servicing of Financial Assets and Extinguishments of Liabilities,” or SFAS 140 and FASB Interpretation No. 46R, “Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities,” or FIN 46R. FIN 46R addresses the application of Accounting Research Bulletin No 51, “Consolidated Financial Statements” to certain entities in which voting rights are not effective in identifying an investor with a controlling financial interest. In variable interest entities, or VIEs, an entity is subject to consolidation under FIN 46R if the investors either do not have


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sufficient equity at risk for the entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support, are unable to direct the entity’s activities or are not exposed to the entity’s losses or entitled to its residual returns. VIEs within the scope of FIN 46R are required to be consolidated by their primary beneficiary. The primary beneficiary of a VIE is determined to be the party that absorbs a majority of the entity’s expected losses, its expected returns or both. This determination can sometimes involve complex and subjective analyses. However, effective January 1, 2010, SFAS No. 166 and SFAS No. 167, which amend both and FIN 46R, respectively, will govern consolidation.
 
On June 12, 2009, the FASB issued SFAS No. 166, which amends the derecognition guidance in SFAS No. 140. SFAS No. 166 eliminates the concept of a Qualified Special Purpose Entity, or QSPE, and eliminates the exception from applying FIN 46R. Additionally, SFAS No. 166 clarifies that the objective of paragraph 9 of SFAS No. 140 is to determine whether a transferor has surrendered control over transferred financial assets. That determination must consider the transferor’s continuing involvements in the transferred financial asset, including all arrangements or agreements made contemporaneously with, or in contemplation of, the transfer, even if they were not entered into at the time of the transfer. SFAS No. 166 modifies the financial-components approach used in SFAS No. 140 and limits the circumstances in which a financial asset, or portion of a financial asset, should be derecognized when the transferor has not transferred the entire original financial asset to an entity that is not consolidated with the transferor in the financial statements being presented and/or when the transferor has continuing involvement with the transferred financial asset. It defines the term “participating interest” to establish specific conditions for reporting a transfer of a portion of a financial asset as a sale. Under SFAS No. 166, when the transfer of financial assets are accounted for as a sale, the transferor must recognize and initially measure at fair value all assets obtained and liabilities incurred as a result of the transfer. This includes any retained beneficial interest. The implementation of this standard materially affects the securitization process in general, as it eliminates off-balance sheet transactions when an entity retains any interest in or control over assets transferred in this process. However, we do not believe the implementation of this standard will materially effect our reporting as we have no legacy QSPEs and it is our intent to treat securitizations as financings. The effective date for SFAS No. 166 is January 1, 2010.
 
In conjunction with SFAS No. 166, FASB issued SFAS No. 167, which amends FIN 46R. SFAS No. 167 requires an enterprise to perform an analysis to determine whether the enterprise’s variable interest or interests give it a controlling financial interest in a variable interest entity. The analysis identifies the primary beneficiary of a VIE as the enterprise that has both (i) the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance and (ii) the obligation to absorb losses of the entity or the right to receive benefits from the entity which could potentially be significant to the VIE. With the removal of the QSPE exemption, established QSPEs must be evaluated for consolidation under SFAS No. 167. This statement requires enhanced disclosures to provide users of financial statements with more transparent information about an enterprise’s involvement in a VIE. Further, SFAS No. 167 also requires ongoing assessments of whether an enterprise is the primary beneficiary of a VIE. If we were to treat securitizations as sales in the future, we will analyze the transactions under the guidelines of SFAS No. 167 for consolidation. The effective date for SFAS No. 167 is January 1, 2010.
 
Interest Income Recognition
 
We expect that interest income on our CMBS, non-Agency RMBS and Agency RMBS will be accrued based on the actual coupon rate and the outstanding principal balance of such securities. Premiums and discounts will be amortized or accreted into interest income over the lives of the securities using the effective yield method, as adjusted for actual prepayments in accordance with SFAS 91.
 
Pursuant to Emerging Issues Task Force no. 99-20, “Recognition of Interest Income and Impairment on Purchased Beneficial Interests and Beneficial Interests that Continue to Be Held by a Transferor in Securitized Financial Assets,” or EITF 99-20, cash flows from a security are estimated applying assumptions used to determine the fair value of such security and the excess of the future cash flows over the investment are recognized as interest income under the effective yield method.


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Under SFAS 91 and EITF 99-20, we will estimate, at the time of purchase, the future expected cash flows and determine the effective interest rate based on these estimated cash flows and our purchase price. As needed, these estimated cash flows will be updated and a revised yield computed based on the current amortized cost of the investment. In estimating these cash flows, there will be a number of assumptions that will be subject to uncertainties and contingencies. These include the rate and timing of principal payments (including prepayments, repurchases, defaults and liquidations), the pass through or coupon rate and interest rate fluctuations. In addition, interest payment shortfalls due to delinquencies on the underlying mortgage loans have to be judgmentally estimated. These uncertainties and contingencies are difficult to predict and are subject to future events that may impact our estimates and, as a result, our interest income.
 
Security transactions will be recorded on the trade date. Realized gains and losses from security transactions will be determined based upon the specific identification method and recorded as gain (loss) on sale of available-for-sale securities and loans held for investment in the statement of income.
 
We will account for accretion of discounts or premiums on available-for-sale securities and real estate loans using the effective interest yield method. Such amounts will be included as a component of interest income in the income statement.
 
For pools of whole loans purchased at a discount, we will apply the provisions of Statement of Position 03-3 “Accounting for Certain Loans or Debt Securities Acquired in a Transfer,” or SOP 03-3. SOP 03-3 addresses accounting for differences between contractual cash flows and cash flows expected to be collected from an investor’s initial investment in loans or debt securities (loans) acquired in a transfer if those differences are attributable, at least in part, to credit quality. SOP 03-3 limits the yield that may be accreted (accretable yield) to the excess of the investor’s estimate of undiscounted expected principal, interest and other cash flows (cash flows expected at acquisition to be collected) over the investor’s initial investment in the loan. SOP 03-3 requires that the excess of contractual cash flows over cash flows expected to be collected (nonaccretable difference) not be recognized as an adjustment of yield, loss accrual or valuation allowance. Subsequent increases in cash flows expected to be collected generally should be recognized prospectively through adjustment of the loan’s yield over its remaining life. Decreases in cash flows expected to be collected should be recognized as impairment.
 
Our accrual of interest, discount and premium for U.S. federal and other tax purposes is likely to differ from the financial accounting treatment of these items as described above.
 
Repurchase Agreements
 
We expect to finance the acquisition of Agency RMBS for our portfolio of assets through the use of repurchase agreements. Repurchase agreements will be treated as collateralized financing transactions and will be carried at primarily their contractual amounts, including accrued interest, as specified in the respective agreements.
 
In instances where we acquire Agency RMBS through repurchase agreements with the same counterparty from whom the Agency RMBS were purchased, we will account for the purchase commitment and repurchase agreement on a net basis and record a forward commitment to purchase Agency RMBS as a derivative instrument if the transaction does not comply with the criteria in FSP FAS 140-3, “Accounting for Transfers of Financial Assets and Repurchase Financing Transactions,” or FSP FAS 140-3, for gross presentation. If the transaction complies with the criteria for gross presentation in FSP FAS 140-3, we will record the assets and the related financing on a gross basis in our statements of financial condition and the corresponding interest income and interest expense in our statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss). Such forward commitments are recorded at fair value with subsequent changes in fair value recognized in income. Additionally, we will record the cash portion of our investment in Agency RMBS as a mortgage related receivable from the counterparty on our balance sheet.


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Securitizations
 
We may periodically enter into transactions in which we sell assets. Upon a transfer of financial assets, we will sometimes retain or acquire senior or subordinated interests in the related assets. Gains and losses on such transactions will be recognized using the guidance in SFAS 140, which is based on a financial components approach that focuses on control. Under this approach, after a transfer of financial assets that meets the criteria for treatment as a sale — legal isolation, ability of transferee to pledge or exchange the transferred assets without constraint and transferred control — an entity recognizes the financial and servicing assets it acquired or retained and the liabilities it has incurred, derecognizes financial assets it has sold and derecognizes liabilities when extinguished. We will determine the gain or loss on sale of mortgage loans by allocating the carrying value of the underlying mortgage between securities or loans sold and the interests retained based on their fair values. The gain or loss on sale is the difference between the cash proceeds from the sale and the amount allocated to the securities or loans sold. From time to time, we may securitize mortgage loans we hold if such financing is available. These transactions will be recorded in accordance with SFAS 140 and will be accounted for as either a “sale” and the loans will be removed from our balance sheet or as a “financing” and will be classified as “securitized loans” on our balance sheet, depending upon the structure of the securitization transaction. SFAS 140 is a complex standard that may require us to exercise significant judgment in determining whether a transaction should be recorded as a “sale” or a “financing.” Further, effective January 1, 2010, SFAS No. 166, which amends SFAS No. 140, revised the criteria for determining when derecognition of an asset is appropriate. This new statement is discussed above under “— Investment Consolidation.”
 
Accounting for Derivative Financial Instruments
 
Our policies permit us to enter into derivative contracts, including interest rate swaps, interest rate caps and interest rate floors, as a means of mitigating our interest rate risk. We may use interest rate derivative financial instruments to mitigate interest rate risk rather than to enhance returns.
 
We will apply the provisions of SFAS 133, as amended by SFAS No. 138, “Accounting for Certain Derivative Instruments and Certain Hedging Activities.” SFAS 133 requires an entity to recognize all derivatives as either assets or liabilities in its balance sheets and to measure those instruments at fair value. Additionally, the fair value adjustments will affect either other comprehensive income in stockholders’ equity until the hedged item is recognized in earnings or net income depending on whether the derivative instrument qualifies as a hedge for accounting purposes and, if so, the nature of the hedging activity.
 
In the normal course of business, we may use a variety of derivative financial instruments to manage or hedge interest rate risk. These derivative financial instruments must be effective in reducing our interest rate risk exposure in order to qualify for hedge accounting. When the terms of an underlying transaction are modified, or when the underlying hedged item ceases to exist, all changes in the fair value of the instrument are marked-to-market with changes in value included in net income for each period until the derivative instrument matures or is settled. Any derivative instrument used for risk management that does not meet the hedging criteria is marked-to-market with the changes in value included in net income.
 
Derivatives, if used, will be used for hedging purposes rather than speculation. We will rely on quotations from a third party to determine these fair values. If our hedging activities do not achieve our desired results, our reported earnings may be adversely affected.
 
The FASB issued SFAS No. 161, “Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities,” or SFAS 161, and an amendment of SFAS 133. SFAS 161 attempts to improve the transparency of financial reporting by providing additional information about how derivative and hedging activities affect an entity’s financial position, financial performance and cash flows. This statement includes disclosure requirements for derivative instruments and hedging activities by requiring enhanced disclosure about (1) how and why an entity uses derivative instruments, (2) how derivative instruments and related hedged items are accounted for under SFAS 133 and its related interpretations, and (3) how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect an entity’s financial position, financial performance and cash flows. To meet these objectives, SFAS 161 requires qualitative disclosures about objectives and strategies for using derivatives, quantitative disclosures


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about fair value amounts and of gains and losses on derivative instruments and disclosures about credit risk-related contingent features in derivative agreements. This disclosure framework is intended to better convey the purpose of derivative use in terms of the risks that an entity is intending to manage.
 
Manager Compensation
 
The management agreement provides for the payment to our manager of a base management fee and an incentive fee if our financial performance exceeds certain benchmarks. The base management fee and the incentive fee are accrued and expensed during the period for which they are calculated and earned. For a more detailed discussion on the fees payable under the management agreement, see “Our Manager and the Management Agreement — Management Fees, Expense Reimbursements and Termination Fee.”
 
Income Taxes
 
We intend to elect and qualify to be taxed as a REIT commencing with our taxable year ending December 31, 2009. Accordingly, we will generally not be subject to corporate U.S. federal or state income tax to the extent that we make qualifying distributions to our stockholders, and provided that we satisfy on a continuing basis, through actual investment and operating results, the REIT requirements including certain asset, income, distribution and stock ownership tests. If we fail to qualify as a REIT, and do not qualify for certain statutory relief provisions, we will be subject to U.S. federal, state and local income taxes and may be precluded from qualifying as a REIT for the four taxable years following the year in which we lost our REIT qualification. Accordingly, our failure to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations and amounts available for distribution to our stockholders.
 
The dividends paid deduction of a REIT for qualifying dividends to its stockholders is computed using our taxable income as opposed to net income reported on the financial statements. Taxable income, generally, will differ from net income reported on the financial statements because the determination of taxable income is based on tax provisions and not financial accounting principles.
 
We may elect to treat certain of our subsidiaries as taxable REIT subsidiaries, or TRSs. In general, a TRS of ours may hold assets and engage in activities that we cannot hold or engage in directly and generally may engage in any real estate or non-real estate-related business. A TRS is subject to U.S. federal, state and local corporate income taxes.
 
While a TRS will generate net income, a TRS can declare dividends to us which will be included in our taxable income and necessitate a distribution to our stockholders. Conversely, if we retain earnings at a TRS level, no distribution is required and we can increase book equity of the consolidated entity.
 
Our financial results are generally not expected to reflect provisions for current or deferred income taxes. We believe that we will operate in a manner that will allow us to qualify for taxation as a REIT. As a result of our expected REIT qualification, we do not generally expect to pay corporate U.S. federal or state income tax. Many of the REIT requirements, however, are highly technical and complex. If we were to fail to meet the REIT requirements, we would be subject to U.S. federal income taxes and applicable state and local taxes.
 
Share-Based Compensation
 
We will follow SFAS No. 123R, “Share-Based Payments,” or SFAS 123(R), with regard to our 2009 equity incentive plan. SFAS 123(R) covers a wide range of share-based compensation arrangements including share options, restricted share plans, performance-based awards, share appreciation rights and employee share purchase plans. SFAS 123(R) requires that compensation cost relating to share-based payment transactions be recognized in financial statements. The cost is measured based on the fair value of the equity or liability instruments issued.


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Results of Operations
 
As of the date of this prospectus, we have not commenced any significant operations because we are in our organizational stage. We will not commence any significant operations until we have completed this offering and the concurrent private placement. We are not aware of any material trends or uncertainties, other than economic and credit conditions affecting mortgage loans, MBS and real estate, generally, that may reasonably be expected to have a material impact, favorable or unfavorable, on revenues or income from the acquisition of assets within our target asset classes, other than those referred to elsewhere in this prospectus.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Liquidity is a measure of our ability to meet potential cash requirements, including ongoing commitments to repay borrowings, fund and maintain our assets and operations, make distributions to our stockholders and other general business needs. We will use significant cash to purchase our assets, repay principal and interest on our borrowings, make distributions to our stockholders and fund our operations. Our primary sources of cash will generally consist of the net proceeds from this offering and the concurrent private placement, payments of principal and interest we receive on our portfolio of assets, cash generated from our operating results, unused borrowing capacity under our financing sources and future issuances of common equity, preferred equity, convertible securities, trust preferred and/or debt securities.
 
Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT, we expect to use a number of sources to finance our assets. We initially expect our primary financing sources to include non-recourse financings under the TALF and other programs established by the U.S. government (as available) to finance our CMBS and ABS, other than through our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF, which will not initially employ any leverage beyond that offered by the U.S. Treasury under the Legacy Securities Program. Secondarily, we may employ to a lesser extent recourse financing through repurchase agreements, securitizations and seller financing. Over time, as market conditions change, in addition to these financings, we may use other forms of leverage provided by the U.S. government and its agencies as well as through the private sector. In addition, the AB PPIF, in which we expect to acquire an indirect ownership interest, and possibly other PPIFs sponsored or managed by AllianceBernstein or its sub-advisors or their affiliates in which we may acquire an interest, will have access to financing under the PPIP and possible other funding sources.
 
Under repurchase agreements, we expect to be required to pledge additional assets as collateral to our repurchase agreement counterparties (lenders) when the estimated fair value of the existing pledged collateral under such agreements declines and such lenders, through a margin call, demand additional collateral. Generally, repurchase agreements are of a short duration and contain a financing rate and trigger levels for margin calls and haircuts depending on the types of collateral and the counterparties involved. If the estimated fair value of investment securities increase due to changes in market interest rates or market factors, lenders may release collateral back to us. Specifically, margin calls result from a decline in the value of the assets securing our repurchase agreements, prepayments on the mortgages securing such investments and from changes in the estimated fair value of such assets generally due to principal reduction of such assets from scheduled amortization and prepayments on the underlying mortgages, changes in market interest rates, a decline in market prices affecting such investments and other market factors. Counterparties also may choose to increase haircuts based on credit evaluations of our company and/or the performance of the bonds in question. To cover a margin call, we may pledge additional securities or cash. At maturity, any cash on deposit as collateral (i.e., restricted cash), if any, would generally be applied against the repurchase agreement balance, thereby reducing the amount borrowed. Should the value of our assets suddenly decrease, significant margin calls on our repurchase agreements could result, causing an adverse change in our liquidity position. Further, upon the maturity of a repurchase agreement, if we are unable to renew the agreement or enter into a new agreement, our liquidity position could be negatively impacted.
 
While we generally intend to hold our assets for the long-term, certain of our assets may be sold in order to manage our interest rate risk and liquidity needs, meet other operating objectives and adapt to market conditions. The timing and impact of future sales of assets, if any, cannot be predicted with any certainty. We


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expect that a portion of the proceeds from sales of our assets (if any), prepayments and scheduled amortization will be used to repay balances under our financing sources.
 
We believe our identified sources of funds will be adequate for purposes of meeting our short-term (within one year) liquidity and long-term liquidity needs. Our short-term and long-term liquidity needs include purchasing assets, operating costs, management fees, expense reimbursements and distributions to our stockholders. Since the onset of the credit crisis in August 2007, a number of financial institutions have tightened their lending standards and reduced their lending overall. If we are unable to obtain financing on attractive terms or at all, it may have an adverse effect on our business and results of operations.
 
To qualify as a REIT, we must distribute annually at least 90% of our taxable income. These distribution requirements limit our ability to retain earnings and thereby replenish or increase capital for operations.
 
Contractual Obligations and Commitments
 
We had no contractual obligations as of September 14, 2009. We do not expect to have any employees. Prior to the completion of this offering, we will enter into a management agreement with our manager. Our manager will be entitled to receive a base management fee, an incentive fee and the reimbursement of certain expenses, including expenses for the allocable share of the compensation of consultants retained by AllianceBernstein to provide in-house legal and accounting resources to us, based upon the time they spend on our affairs and with respect to the chief financial officer to be retained by our manager that is dedicated exclusively to us. In addition, our manager will enter into an administrative services agreement with AllianceBernstein under which AllianceBernstein will perform administrative services. See “Our Manager and the Management Agreement — Management Fees, Expense Reimbursements and Termination Fee” and “— Advisory, Sub-Advisory and Other Agreements.”
 
Under our 2009 equity incentive plan, our compensation committee appointed by our board of directors to administer the plan (or our board of directors, if no such committee is designated by our board of directors) is authorized to approve grants of equity-based awards to our independent directors and our manager. To date, our board of directors has approved an initial grant of equity awards to our manager which will be in an aggregate amount equal to 2.50% of the issued and outstanding shares of our common stock after giving effect to the shares sold in this offering, including shares sold pursuant to the underwriters’ exercise of their overallotment option and the concurrent private placement. See “Management — 2009 Equity Incentive Plan.”
 
We expect to enter into certain contracts that may contain a variety of indemnification obligations, principally with brokers, underwriters and counterparties to repurchase agreements. The maximum potential future payment amount we could be required to pay under these indemnification obligations may be unlimited.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
We do not have any relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured investment vehicles, or special purpose or variable interest entities, established to facilitate off-balance sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow or limited purposes. Further, we have not guaranteed any obligations of unconsolidated entities or entered into any commitment or intent to provide additional funding to any such entities.
 
Dividends
 
U.S. federal income tax law generally requires that a REIT distribute annually at least 90% of its REIT taxable income, without regard to the deduction for dividends paid and excluding net capital gains, and that it pay tax at regular corporate rates to the extent that it annually distributes less than 100% of its net taxable income. We intend to pay regular quarterly dividends to our stockholders in an amount equal to our net taxable income, if and to the extent authorized by our board of directors. Before we pay any dividend, whether for U.S. federal income tax purposes or otherwise, we must first meet both our operating requirements


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and debt service on our repurchase agreements and other debt payable. If our cash available for distribution is less than our net taxable income, we could be required to sell assets or borrow funds to make cash distributions or we may make a portion of the required distribution in the form of a taxable stock distribution or distribution of debt securities. In addition, prior to the time we have fully deployed the net proceeds of this offering and the concurrent private placement to acquire assets in our target asset classes, we may fund our quarterly distributions out of such net proceeds.
 
Inflation
 
Virtually all of our assets and liabilities will be interest rate sensitive in nature. As a result, interest rates and other factors influence our performance far more so than does inflation. Changes in interest rates do not necessarily correlate with inflation rates or changes in inflation rates. Our financial statements are prepared in accordance with GAAP, and our distributions will be determined by our board of directors consistent with our obligation to distribute to our stockholders at least 90% of our REIT taxable income on an annual basis in order to maintain our REIT qualification; in each case, our activities and balance sheet are measured with reference to historical cost and/or fair market value without considering inflation.
 
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
We seek to manage our risks related to the credit quality of our assets, interest rates, liquidity, prepayment speeds and market value while, at the same time, seeking to provide an opportunity to stockholders to realize attractive risk-adjusted returns through ownership of our capital stock. While we do not seek to avoid risk completely, we believe the risk can be quantified from historical experience and seek to actively manage that risk, to earn sufficient compensation to justify taking those risks and to maintain capital levels consistent with the risks we undertake.
 
Credit Risk
 
We believe our strategy will generally identify assets with resilient cash flows and as a result keep our credit losses and financing costs low. However, we will retain the risk of potential credit losses on all of the residential and commercial mortgage loans, as well as the loans underlying the CMBS and non-Agency RMBS we hold. We will seek to manage this risk through our pre-acquisition due diligence process and through use of non-recourse financing, which would limit our exposure to credit losses to the specific pool of mortgages that are subject to the non-recourse financing and, subject to our maintaining our qualification as a REIT, through the use of derivative financial instruments. In addition, with respect to any particular target asset, we will, among other things, monitor relative valuation, supply and demand trends, shapes of yield curves, prepayment rates, delinquency and default rates, recovery of various sectors and vintage of collateral. AllianceBernstein has developed an array of analytical models over many years combining both proprietary and third-party data. AllianceBernstein’s approach combines quantitative forecasts with fundamental research designed to exploit inefficiencies in fixed income markets. Our manager will rely on these resources of AllianceBernstein, augmented by the services of AllianceBernstein’s sub-advisors.
 
Market Risk
 
Market Value Risk
 
Our available-for-sale securities will be reflected at their estimated fair value, with the difference between amortized cost and estimated fair value reflected in accumulated other comprehensive income pursuant to SFAS 115. The estimated fair value of these securities fluctuates primarily due to changes in interest rates and other factors. Generally, in a rising interest rate environment, the estimated fair value of these securities would be expected to decrease; conversely, in a decreasing interest rate environment, the estimated fair value of these securities would be expected to increase. As market volatility increases or liquidity decreases, the fair value of our assets may be adversely impacted. If we are unable to readily obtain independent pricing to validate our estimated fair value of the securities in our portfolio, the fair value gains or losses recorded in other comprehensive income may be adversely affected.


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Real Estate Risk
 
Commercial and residential mortgage assets and real property values are subject to volatility and may be affected adversely by a number of factors, including, but not limited to, national, regional and local economic conditions (which may be adversely affected by industry slowdowns and other factors); local real estate conditions (such as an oversupply of housing); changes or continued weakness in specific industry segments; construction quality, age and design; demographic factors; and retroactive changes to building or similar codes. In addition, decreases in property values reduce the value of the collateral and the potential proceeds available to a borrower to repay the underlying loans or loans, as the case may be, which could also cause us to suffer losses.
 
Interest Rate Risk
 
Interest rates are highly sensitive to many factors, including fiscal and monetary policies and domestic and international economic and political considerations, as well as other factors beyond our control.
 
We will be subject to interest rate risk in connection with our assets and our related financing obligations. In general, we expect to finance the acquisition of our portfolio of assets through non-recourse financings under the TALF and other programs established by the U.S. government, repurchase agreements, resecuritizations, securitizations, warehouse facilities, seller financing, bank credit facilities (including term loans and revolving facilities). We may mitigate interest rate risk through utilization of hedging instruments, primarily interest rate swap agreements. Interest rate swap agreements are intended to serve as a hedge against future interest rate increases on our borrowings.
 
Interest Rate Effect on Net Income
 
Our operating results will depend in large part on differences between the income earned on our assets and our cost of borrowing and any hedging activities. The cost of our borrowings will generally be based on prevailing market interest rates. During a period of rising interest rates, our borrowing costs generally will increase (1) while the yields earned on our leveraged fixed-rate mortgage assets will remain static and (2) at a faster pace than the yields earned on our leveraged adjustable-rate and hybrid mortgage assets, which could result in a decline in our net interest spread and net interest margin. The severity of any such decline would depend on our asset/liability composition at the time as well as the magnitude and duration of the interest rate increase. Further, an increase in short-term interest rates could also have a negative impact on the market value of our portfolio of assets. If any of these events happen, we could experience a decrease in net income or incur a net loss during these periods, which could adversely affect our liquidity and results of operations.
 
Hedging techniques are partly based on assumed levels of prepayments of our portfolio of assets. If prepayments are slower or faster than assumed, the life of the investment will be longer or shorter, which would reduce the effectiveness of any hedging strategies we may use and may cause losses on such transactions. Hedging strategies involving the use of derivative securities are highly complex and may produce volatile returns.
 
Interest Rate Effects on Fair Value
 
Another component of interest rate risk is the effect changes in interest rates will have on the market value of the assets we intend to acquire. We will face the risk that the market value of our assets will increase or decrease at different rates than those of our liabilities, including any hedging instruments.
 
We will primarily assess our interest rate risk by estimating the duration of our assets and the duration of our liabilities. Duration essentially measures the market price volatility of financial instruments as interest rates change. We generally calculate duration using various financial models and empirical data. Different models and methodologies can produce different duration numbers for the same securities.
 
It is important to note that the impact of changing interest rates on fair value can change significantly when interest rates change materially. Therefore, the volatility in the fair value of our assets could increase


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significantly when interest rates change materially. In addition, other factors impact the fair value of our interest rate-sensitive investments and hedging instruments, such as the shape of the yield curve, market expectations as to future interest rate changes and other market conditions. Accordingly, changes in actual interest rates may have a material adverse effect on us.
 
Interest Rate Cap Risk
 
We may acquire adjustable-rate and hybrid mortgage assets. These are assets in which the underlying mortgages are typically subject to periodic and lifetime interest rate caps and floors, which limit the amount by which such assets’ interest yields may change during any given period. However, our borrowing costs pursuant to our financing agreements will not be subject to similar restrictions. Therefore, in a period of increasing interest rates, interest rate costs on our borrowings could increase without limitation by caps, while the interest-rate yields on our adjustable-rate and hybrid mortgage assets would effectively be limited. This issue will be magnified to the extent we acquire adjustable-rate and hybrid mortgage assets that are not based on mortgages which are fully indexed. In addition, adjustable-rate and hybrid mortgage assets may be subject to periodic payment caps that result in some portion of the interest being deferred and added to the principal outstanding. This could result in our receipt of less cash income on such assets than we would need to pay the interest cost on our related borrowings. These factors could lower our net interest income or cause a net loss during periods of rising interest rates, which would harm our financial condition, cash flows and results of operations.
 
Interest Rate Mismatch Risk
 
We may fund a portion of our acquisition of adjustable-rate and hybrid mortgages and MBS assets with borrowings that are based on the London Interbank Offered Rate, or LIBOR, while the interest rates on these assets may be indexed to LIBOR or another index rate, such as the one-year Constant Maturity Treasury (or CMT) index, the Monthly Treasury Average (or MTA) index or the 11th District Cost of Funds Index (or COFI). Accordingly, any increase in LIBOR relative to one-year CMT rates, MTA or COFI will generally result in an increase in our borrowing costs that is not matched by a corresponding increase in the interest earnings on these assets. Any such interest rate index mismatch could adversely affect our profitability, which may negatively impact distributions to our stockholders. To mitigate interest rate mismatches, we may utilize the hedging strategies discussed above.
 
Our analysis of risks is based on our manager’s experience, estimates, models and assumptions. These analyses rely on models which utilize estimates of fair value and interest rate sensitivity. Actual economic conditions or implementation of decisions by our management may produce results that differ significantly from the estimates and assumptions used in our models and the projected results shown in this prospectus.
 
Prepayment Risk
 
Prepayment risk is the risk that principal will be repaid at a different rate than anticipated, causing the return on an asset to be less than expected. As we receive prepayments of principal on our assets, premiums paid on such assets will be amortized against interest income. In general, an increase in prepayment rates will accelerate the amortization of purchase premiums, thereby reducing the interest income earned on the assets. Conversely, discounts on such assets are accreted into interest income. In general, an increase in prepayment rates will accelerate the accretion of purchase discounts, thereby increasing the interest income earned on the assets.
 
Extension Risk
 
Our manager will compute the projected weighted average life of our assets based on assumptions regarding the rate at which the borrowers will prepay the underlying mortgages. In general, when MBS secured by hybrid or fixed-rate loans are acquired with borrowings, we may, but are not required to, enter into interest rate swap agreements or other hedging instruments that effectively fixes our borrowing costs for a period close to the anticipated average life of the fixed-rate portion of the MBS. This strategy is designed to


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protect us from rising interest rates because the borrowing costs are fixed for the duration of the fixed-rate portion of the MBS.
 
However, if prepayment rates decrease in a rising interest rate environment, the life of the fixed-rate portion of the related MBS could extend beyond the term of the interest swap agreement or other hedging instrument. This could have a negative impact on our results from operations, as borrowing costs would no longer be fixed after the end of the hedging instrument while the income earned on the hybrid or fixed-rate MBS would remain fixed. This situation may also cause the market value of our hybrid or fixed-rate MBS to decline, with little or no offsetting gain from the related hedging transactions. In extreme situations, we may be forced to sell assets to maintain adequate liquidity, which could cause us to incur losses.
 
Risk Management
 
To the extent consistent with maintaining our REIT qualification, we will seek to manage risk exposure to protect our portfolio of assets. We generally seek to manage this risk by:
 
  •      performing fundamental credit risk of potential assets and engaging in pre-acquisition due diligence;
 
  •      using non-recourse financing where possible;
 
  •      monitoring and adjusting, if necessary, the reset index and interest rate related to our portfolio of assets and our financings;
 
  •      attempting to structure our financing agreements to have a range of different maturities, terms, amortizations and interest rate adjustment period;
 
  •      using hedging instruments, primarily interest rate swap agreements but also financial futures, options, interest rate cap agreements, floors and forward sales to adjust the interest rate sensitivity of our portfolio of assets and our borrowings;
 
  •      using securitization financing to better match the maturity of our financing with the duration of our assets; and
 
  •      actively managing, on an aggregate basis, the interest rate indices, interest rate adjustment periods, and gross reset margins of our portfolio of assets and the interest rate indices and adjustment periods of our financings.


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BUSINESS
 
Our Company
 
We are a newly-formed corporation focused on acquiring, financing and managing a portfolio of commercial mortgage-backed securities, or CMBS, residential mortgage-backed securities, or RMBS, commercial and residential mortgage loans, other real estate-related securities, various other classes of asset-backed securities, or ABS, and other financial assets. RMBS will include both securities that are not issued or guaranteed by a U.S. government agency or federally chartered corporation, or non-Agency RMBS, and securities that are so issued or guaranteed, or Agency RMBS. We refer to these as our target asset classes.
 
Our objective is to provide above average returns relative to the potential volatility or risk in making those returns, or attractive risk-adjusted returns, to our investors over the long-term, primarily through dividends and secondarily through capital appreciation. We intend to achieve this objective by selectively acquiring a diversified portfolio of assets in our target asset classes with a focus on the credit characteristics of the underlying collateral that will be designed to achieve attractive returns across a variety of market conditions and economic cycles.
 
We will be externally managed and advised by our manager, a recently-formed majority-owned subsidiary of AllianceBernstein. AllianceBernstein is a leading independent global investment management company with approximately $467 billion in assets under management as of July 31, 2009 for a broad spectrum of clients, including retail investors, high-net-worth individuals and families, major institutions and corporations. Our manager will contract with AllianceBernstein to manage our portfolio and conduct our day-to-day operations and to provide us with management, administrative and technology support functions to conduct our business. In sourcing, evaluating and managing our portfolio assets, AllianceBernstein’s capabilities will be augmented by the collective capabilities of Greenfield Advisors, LLC, or Greenfield, a subsidiary of Greenfield Partners, LLC, and Rialto Capital Management, LLC, or Rialto, through sub-advisory arrangements, and Flexpoint Ford, LLC, or Flexpoint Ford, through consulting arrangements.
 
AllianceBernstein, together with Greenfield and Rialto as two of its sub-advisors, has been pre-qualified by the U.S. Treasury as one of the nine initial managers that will each manage a public-private investment fund, or PPIF, to be formed in partnership with the U.S. Treasury under its Legacy Securities Program established under the U.S. government’s Public-Private Investment Program, or PPIP. AllianceBernstein, supported by the management teams from Greenfield and Rialto, will manage a portfolio of CMBS and non-Agency RMBS to be acquired by the PPIF to be formed by AllianceBernstein in partnership with the U.S. Treasury, or the AB PPIF. The AB PPIF will have access to U.S. Treasury financings under the PPIP and possible other funding sources. Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT and our exemption from registration under the 1940 Act, we currently expect to deploy between 30% to 40% of the net proceeds from this offering and our concurrent private placement (as described below under “— Our Manager”) to acquire an indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF. In addition to our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF, we will seek to gain exposure to other CMBS, ABS and other eligible asset classes with borrowings through the TALF, as well as through securitizations and other sources of funding, in each case to the extent available to us. For additional information relating to the AB PPIF, see — Our Financing Strategy — The Public-Private Investment Program — Legacy Securities — The AB PPIF.”
 
We have not acquired any assets as of the date hereof. We will commence operations upon completion of this offering and the concurrent private placement. We intend to elect and qualify to be taxed as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, commencing with our taxable year ending December 31, 2009. We also intend to operate our business in a manner that will permit us to maintain our exemption from registration under the Investment Company Act of 1940, or the 1940 Act.
 
Our Manager
 
We will be externally managed and advised by our manager. AllianceBernstein owns 55% of the limited liability company interests in our manager. The other owners of our manager are Greenfield (or affiliates thereof) (15%), Rialto (through a subsidiary) (15%) and Flexpoint Ford (through its initial fund,


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Flexpoint Fund, L.P.) (15%). AllianceBernstein is a preeminent, research-driven, global investment management firm delivering investment services in key asset classes: fixed income, value equities, growth equities, blend solutions and alternative investments. AllianceBernstein’s depth of research, worldwide presence and array of services allow it to offer a full range of investment products, both global and local, in every major financial market.
 
Approximately 62% of the equity interests in AllianceBernstein are held indirectly by AXA, the holding company for an international group of insurance and related financial services companies engaged in the financial-protection and wealth-management businesses. Substantially all of the remaining equity interests in AllianceBernstein are held by AllianceBernstein Holding L.P., a New York Stock Exchange-listed holding company (NYSE: AB). As of July 31, 2009, AllianceBernstein had approximately $182 billion of fixed income investments under management.
 
AllianceBernstein and our manager will enter into a sub-advisory agreement with each of Greenfield and Rialto, together, the sub-advisors. We expect that the broad fixed income, special situations and operational capabilities of AllianceBernstein, augmented by specialized advisory support from each of the sub-advisors, will provide us with an experienced portfolio management group that combines a range of complementary core capabilities:
 
AllianceBernstein.  Broad fixed income, mortgage-related and other securities expertise, and dedicated special situations professionals, together with an established investment management infrastructure, are core capabilities provided by AllianceBernstein. AllianceBernstein has developed an array of analytical models over many years combining both proprietary and third-party data. AllianceBernstein’s approach combines quantitative forecasts with fundamental research with the goal of emphasizing opportunities that have the support of both disciplines.
 
Greenfield.  Private equity real estate investment management and distressed collateral valuation and restructuring are core capabilities provided by Greenfield, a subsidiary of Greenfield Partners, LLC, or Greenfield Partners. Since its inception in 1997, Greenfield Partners has sponsored eight investment vehicles with a total of approximately $3.5 billion of committed capital. These vehicles have invested in residential and commercial mortgage loans and real estate companies, as well as directly in a variety of property types, predominantly in North America, including office buildings, shopping centers, hotels, golf courses, assisted living facilities, unimproved land, airport cargo facilities and multi-family housing. Greenfield Partners’ expertise includes investment management of equity investments in substantially all of our targeted real estate asset classes as well as the development, redevelopment and acquisition and operation of strategic real estate-related operating companies. Entities owned or controlled by Greenfield Partners include Clayton Holdings LLC, or Clayton, a leading provider of infrastructure (due diligence, surveillance, credit risk management, valuation, special servicing and servicer advising) to the residential mortgage and mortgage-backed security investment industry. Based in South Norwalk, Connecticut with offices in Chicago, Illinois and Reston, Virginia, Greenfield Partners was formed in 1997, has over 40 employees and, to date, has obtained cumulative equity commitments of approximately $3.5 billion to its eight investment vehicles from the firm’s principals and select institutional partners.
 
Rialto.  Distressed real estate turnaround expertise with a focus on the sourcing, acquisition, management and disposition of residential and commercial properties, loans and securities are core capabilities of Rialto. Rialto is a private investment management firm founded in 2007 by Jeffrey Krasnoff, with offices in Miami and New York. The Rialto senior management team brings, on average, over 20 years of broad experience in residential and commercial real estate investment, finance, development and management, with a particular emphasis on turnaround situations, particularly during previous real estate market downturns in the United States and overseas. Rialto’s principals include the former chief executive officer, as well as other former members of senior management, of LNR Property Corporation, or LNR. In the early 1990s, prior to LNR’s 1997 spin-off from Lennar Corporation, one of the nation’s largest homebuilders, Jeffrey Krasnoff, the Chief Executive Officer of Rialto, was a co-founder and was principally involved in the development and


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oversight of Lennar’s investment, workout and asset management business that became LNR. That business became a significant purchaser of distressed assets from the Resolution Trust Corporation, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, or FDIC, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, banks and other financial institutions. LNR was an early participant in the CMBS industry, and, was one of the nation’s largest special servicers of CMBS and purchasers of non-investment grade and unrated CMBS. A majority of the management group of Rialto spent a portion of their careers working in the housing and related finance businesses at, or in partnership with, homebuilder Lennar. Several members of the Rialto management team were directly involved in the structuring, evaluation of underlying collateral and management of some of the first private-issue CMBS and commercial real estate collateralized debt obligation transactions. Rialto, through a relationship with Lennar, has access to the homebuilder’s nationwide network of residential real estate resources in local markets.
 
In addition to the sub-advisory agreements, AllianceBernstein and our manager will enter into a consulting agreement with Flexpoint Ford, or the consultant, one of the other owners of our manager:
 
Flexpoint Ford.  Financial institution acquisition and management, and long-term knowledge and expertise with related financial and mortgage investments acquired from financial institutions, are core capabilities of Flexpoint Ford and its chairman, Gerald J. Ford. Flexpoint Ford is a private equity investment firm with $1.5 billion of committed equity capital that specializes in financial services and healthcare. Flexpoint Fund, L.P., the initial fund of Flexpoint Ford, has several investments in the financial services sector, including Hilltop Holdings Inc., a holding company seeking to make acquisitions, Norwich Holdco, LLC, a manager of specialty program insurance providing consulting services to general agents, and Safe Harbour Holdings, LLC, an insurance holding company that writes property and casualty insurance in a partnership with American Strategic Insurance. Flexpoint Fund, L.P. has $225.0 million of committed equity capital and Gerald J. Ford is its largest investor. Mr. Ford is a banking and financial institutions investor who has been involved in numerous mergers and acquisitions of private and public sector financial institutions, primarily in the southwestern United States, over the past 30 years.
 
For its advisory services to our manager, AllianceBernstein will be compensated by the manager out of the base management fee and incentive fee paid by us to our manager pursuant to an advisory agreement between AllianceBernstein and our manager. The fees owing to Greenfield, Rialto and Flexpoint Ford under their respective agreements with AllianceBernstein and our manager will be paid by our manager on behalf of AllianceBernstein out of the fees payable to AllianceBernstein from our manager under the advisory agreement. None of the foregoing fees of AllianceBernstein, the sub-advisors and the consultant will constitute an expense that is separately reimbursable to our manager under its management agreement with us.
 
We also expect to benefit from, among other things, AllianceBernstein’s established global platform and infrastructure to gain scaled and efficient access to portfolio monitoring, finance and administration functions, which will provide support to our manager on legal, compliance, investor relations and operational matters, trade allocation and execution, securities valuation, risk management and information technologies in connection with the performance of its duties, pursuant to an administrative services agreement to be entered into between our manager and AllianceBernstein.
 
Concurrently with the closing of this offering, we will sell to AllianceBernstein and the other owners of our manager, or their respective affiliates and certain of their executives and consultants, in a separate private placement, an aggregate of 1,500,000 shares representing 6% of the shares of our common stock issued in this offering, excluding the underwriters’ overallotment option, at a price per share equal to the initial public offering price per share in this offering. AllianceBernstein and the other owners or our manager, together with their respective affiliates and certain of their executives and consultants, will each purchase an equal number of shares in the concurrent private placement. Although each of the purchasers in the concurrent private placement will purchase their shares of common stock at the same time, they have advised us that they will have individual control of the shares they own, and they therefore believe they will not constitute a group


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within the meaning of Section 13(d)(3) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, and related rules.
 
Sub-Advisors’ Comprehensive Expertise in Evaluating Real Estate Asset Cash Flows
 
A substantial majority of the assets being targeted for purchase by us are loans and securities where we believe ultimate economic performance will depend upon the resiliency of the cash flows, or the ability of the underlying collateral to maintain what we believe to be a favorable level of cash flow even under adverse economic scenarios. The principals of the sub-advisors to AllianceBernstein, with their affiliates, have many years of experience in evaluating real estate property cash flows from both residential and commercial real estate assets, and we expect the sub-advisors to provide an additional level of detailed analysis essential to our asset acquisition, asset management and disposition strategies.
 
Greenfield Partners, LLC and the principals of Rialto have for years been real estate developers, managers, borrowers and lenders across the country for a variety of property types and bring their relevant perspectives to the evaluation of commercial real estate loans and CMBS cash flows. The principals of Rialto have had extensive experience in the commercial mortgage loan workout business and as founders and managers of LNR’s non-investment grade and unrated CMBS investment and special servicing businesses evaluated and oversaw more than $250 billion of underlying mortgage loans in more than a hundred different transactions. Those evaluations typically included re-underwriting most, if not all, assets in a pool re-creating multi-year estimates of expected property cash flows, overlaying the loan terms and stressing various assumptions to determine potential losses on each loan. In addition, with tenants, rents, occupancies and operating costs such significant drivers of asset performance, it was important to conduct comprehensive site visits for the underlying properties, including analyses of multiple competitive properties for each asset in those same local sub-markets. Combined with AllianceBernstein’s in-depth credit research focused on the financial condition of major tenants, we believe such experience and capabilities of these sub-advisors will be essential components of our asset acquisition and management processes.
 
For residential real estate loans and securities, through both Rialto’s business relationship with Lennar Corporation, a national homebuilder, and Greenfield Partners, LLC’s activities as a developer of residential communities across the country, we believe the sub-advisors are positioned to provide timely advice to AllianceBernstein on home pricing and sales in many sub-markets. We believe this information is important in assessing the likelihood of borrowers continuing to make timely payments and in determining likely outcomes for loan workouts and foreclosures. In addition, we will benefit from Greenfield’s and Rialto’s perspectives on the non-Agency home loan and RMBS markets as a result of their affiliates’ relationships with Clayton.
 
While AllianceBernstein and the sub-advisors each has core competencies from which we expect to benefit, AllianceBernstein and the sub-advisors have never before worked together as a group to advise an investment vehicle. In addition, the prior experience of each of them in their own investment and management activities differs in important respects from the investment, financing, hedging and other strategies which we intend to follow, and there can be no assurance that our manager will replicate the historical performance of the investment professionals of AllianceBernstein and the sub-advisors and their respective affiliates in their previous endeavors. See “Risk Factors — The historical performance of AllianceBernstein and the sub-advisors in other endeavors may not be indicative of our performance as our focus is different from that of other entities and accounts that are or have been managed by AllianceBernstein, the sub-advisors and their respective affiliates.”
 
Current Market Opportunities
 
We believe that current distressed conditions in the financial markets present unique opportunities for us to acquire assets within our target asset classes at significantly depressed trading prices and higher yields compared to prior periods. We also believe that recent governmental and central bank actions intended to support the functioning of credit markets and the improvement of financial institutions’ balance sheets may positively impact our business, providing us with access to financing as well as opportunities to acquire assets at attractive prices. The establishment of various government sponsored programs such as the PPIP’s Legacy


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Securities Program for certain CMBS and non-Agency RMBS and the TALF (both for new-issue ABS and CMBS as well as for Legacy CMBS) may provide us with access to assets that we believe will offer attractive risk-adjusted returns as well as access to favorable non-recourse term borrowing facilities.
 
We believe that the goal of the government and central bank financing programs is to encourage the transfers of troubled or illiquid assets off the balance sheets of U.S. financial institutions to other market participants, such as ourselves, who may currently be better able to manage the risks associated with those assets. Accordingly, we believe that buyers of assets who possess a broad range of skills to evaluate those assets and to navigate through the complexities of the current economic environment and the government and central bank programs should have a greater probability of success.
 
We believe that we are particularly well positioned to capitalize on opportunities that are presented by current financial market conditions. The combined core capabilities and expertise of AllianceBernstein and its sub-advisors will enable us to evaluate a broad array of asset classes and financing opportunities and to seek to selectively acquire assets for us that present potentially attractive risk-adjusted return profiles and the potential for capital appreciation.
 
Our strategy is designed to enable us to:
 
  •      build a portfolio of assets consisting of CMBS, non-Agency RMBS, commercial and residential mortgage loans and Agency RMBS, that seeks to generate attractive risk-adjusted returns while having a moderate risk profile;
 
  •      manage financing, interest, prepayment rate risks and credit risks;
 
  •      capitalize on discrepancies in the relative valuations in the mortgage market;
 
  •      provide regular quarterly distributions to stockholders;
 
  •      qualify as a REIT; and
 
  •      remain exempt from the requirements of the 1940 Act.
 
As market conditions change and new opportunities arise from changes in mortgage finance over time we intend to adjust our asset allocations across our target asset classes to take advantage of changes in interest rates and credit spreads as well as economic and credit conditions. We believe that the diversification of our portfolio of assets and the expertise of AllianceBernstein and its sub-advisors among our target asset classes and the flexibility of our strategy should position us to generate attractive risk-adjusted returns for our stockholders in a variety of market conditions.
 
We intend to elect and qualify to be taxed as a REIT and to operate our business so as to be exempt from registration under the 1940 Act, and therefore we will be required to invest a substantial majority of our assets in loans secured by mortgages on real estate and real estate-related assets. See “— Operating and Regulatory Structure.” Subject to maintaining our REIT qualification and our 1940 Act exemption, we do not have any limitations on the amounts we may acquire within our targeted asset class.
 
Our manager or AllianceBernstein may be deemed to be our promoter with respect to this offering.
 
Our Target Asset Classes
 
Our target asset classes and the principal assets we expect to acquire in each are as follows:
 
CMBS
 
CMBS are securities backed by obligations (including certificates of participation in obligations) that are principally secured by commercial mortgages on real property or interests therein having a multifamily or commercial use, such as regional malls, other retail space, office buildings, industrial or warehouse properties, hotels, apartments, nursing homes and senior living facilities.
 
To the extent available to us, we may seek to gain exposure to CMBS through our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF or through financing under the TALF (through financing vehicles we may form) or, if


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possible (through our ownership interests in one or more other PPIFs sponsored or managed by AllianceBernstein or the sub-advisors or their affiliates, or through financing vehicles we may form), under the Legacy Securities Program. We may also seek to finance our CMBS portfolio with private financing sources. See “— Our Financing Strategy” below. We have not established a minimum rating requirement for CMBS in which we will invest.
 
CMBS are typically issued in multiple tranches whereby the more senior classes are entitled to priority distributions from the trust’s income to make specified interest and principal payments on such tranches. Losses and other shortfalls from expected amounts to be received on the mortgage pool are borne by the most subordinate classes, which receive payments only after the more senior classes have received all principal and/or interest to which they are entitled. The credit quality of CMBS depends on the credit quality of the underlying mortgage loans, which is a function of factors such as the following: the principal amount of loans relative to the value of the related properties; the mortgage loan terms, such as amortization; market assessment and geographic location; construction quality of the property; and the creditworthiness of the borrowers.
 
Non-Agency RMBS
 
Non-Agency RMBS are residential mortgage-backed securities that are not issued or guaranteed by a U.S. government agency. The non-Agency RMBS we generally expect to acquire will represent interests in “pools” of mortgage loans secured by residential real property. To the extent available to us, we may seek to gain exposure to non-Agency RMBS, which may be financed, if possible (through our ownership interests in the AB PPIF and one or more other PPIFs sponsored or managed by AllianceBernstein or its sub-advisors or their affiliates, or through financing vehicles we may form), under the Legacy Securities Program. We may also seek to finance our non-Agency RMBS portfolio with private financing sources. See “— Our Financing Strategy” below.
 
Non-Agency RMBS may be AAA-rated through unrated. The rating, as determined by one or more of the nationally recognized statistical rating organizations, including Fitch, Inc., Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. and S&P, indicates the organization’s view of the creditworthiness of the asset. The mortgage loan collateral for non-Agency RMBS generally consists of residential mortgage loans that do not generally conform to the U.S. government agency underwriting guidelines due to certain factors including mortgage balance in excess of such guidelines, borrower characteristics, loan characteristics and level of documentation.
 
Commercial Mortgage Loans
 
We generally expect to focus our commercial mortgage loan acquisitions on the purchase of loans in the most senior positions in the capital structure and loan portfolios made available to us under the Legacy Loans Program when and if that program begins to operate. See “— Our Financing Strategy” below.
 
First and Second Lien Loans
 
Commercial mortgage loans are mortgage loans secured by first or second liens on commercial properties such as regional malls, other retail space, office buildings, industrial or warehouse properties, hotels, apartments, nursing homes and senior living facilities. These loans, which tend to range in term from three to 15 years, can carry either fixed or floating interest rates. They generally permit pre-payments before final maturity but only with the payment to the lender of breakage costs or premiums on floating rate loans and yield maintenance or other pre-payment premiums on fixed rate loans. First lien loans represent the senior lien on a property while second lien loans or second mortgages represent a subordinate or second lien on a property.
 
B-Notes
 
A B-Note, unlike a second mortgage loan, is part of a single larger commercial mortgage loan, with the other part evidenced by an A-Note, which together are secured by a single commercial mortgage. The holder of the A-Note and B-Note enter into an agreement which sets forth the respective rights and obligations of each of the holders. The terms of the agreement provide that the holder of the A-Note has a priority of


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payment over the holder of the B-Note. A loan evidenced by a note which is secured by a second mortgage is a separate loan and the holder has a direct relationship with the borrower. In addition, unlike the holder of a B-Note, the holder of the second mortgage loan would also be the holder of the mortgage. The holder of the second mortgage loan typically enters into an intercreditor agreement with the holder of the first mortgage loan, which sets forth the respective rights and obligations of each of the holders, similar in substance to the agreement that is entered into between the holder of the A-Note and the holder of the B-Note. B-Note lenders have the same obligations, collateral and borrower as the A-Note lender but typically are subordinated in recovery upon a default.
 
Bridge Loans
 
Bridge loans tend to be floating rate whole loans made to borrowers who are seeking short-term capital (with terms of up to five years) to be used in the acquisition, construction or redevelopment of a property. This type of bridge financing enables the borrower to secure short-term financing while improving the property and avoid burdening it with restrictive long-term debt.
 
Mezzanine Loans
 
Mezzanine loans are generally structured to represent senior positions to the borrower’s equity in, and subordinate to a first mortgage loan on, a property. These loans are generally secured by pledges of ownership interests, in whole or in part, in entities that directly or indirectly own the real property. At times, mezzanine loans may be secured by additional collateral, including letters of credit, personal guarantees or collateral unrelated to the property. Mezzanine loans may be structured to carry either fixed or floating interest rates as well as to carry a right to participate in a percentage of gross revenues and a percentage of the increase in the fair market value of the property securing the loan. Mezzanine loans may also contain prepayment lockouts, penalties, minimum profit hurdles and other mechanisms to protect and enhance returns to the lender. Mezzanine loans usually have maturities that match the maturity of the related mortgage loan but may have shorter or longer terms.
 
Residential Mortgage Loans
 
We may acquire adjustable-rate, hybrid and/or fixed-rate residential mortgage loans primarily through direct purchases from selected sellers. We intend to enter into mortgage loan purchase agreements with a number of sellers, including investment banks, commercial banks, savings and loan associations, home builders, credit unions and mortgage conduits. We may purchase mortgage loans on both the primary and secondary markets. We expect these loans to be secured primarily by residential properties in the United States.
 
We will seek to obtain representations and warranties from each seller stating that each loan was underwritten to our requirements or, in the event underwriting exceptions were made, we are informed of the exceptions so that we may evaluate whether to accept or reject the loans. A seller who breaches these representations and warranties in making a loan that we purchase may be obligated to repurchase the loan from us. As added security, we will use the services of a third-party document custodian to insure the quality and accuracy of all individual mortgage loan closing documents and to hold the documents in safekeeping. As a result, to the extent available, all of the original loan collateral documents that are signed by the borrower, other than the original credit verification documents, are examined, verified and held by the third-party document custodian.
 
Consistent with our investment guidelines, we may originate loans to third parties in the ordinary course of business for investment purposes. We initially expect to retain highly-rated servicers to service our mortgage loan portfolio. We will also conduct a due diligence review of each servicer before executing a servicing agreement. We may also purchase certain residential mortgage loans on a servicing-retained basis. In the future, however, we may decide to originate mortgage loans or other types of financing, and we may elect to service mortgage loans and other types of financing.
 
We expect that the residential mortgage loans we acquire will be first lien, single-family residential traditional adjustable-rate, hybrid and/or fixed-rate loans with original terms to maturity of not more than


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40 years and are either fully amortizing or are interest-only for up to ten years and fully amortizing thereafter. Fixed-rate mortgage loans bear an interest rate that is fixed for the term of the loan and do not adjust. The interest rates on adjustable-rate mortgage loans generally adjust monthly (although some may adjust less frequently) to an increment over a specified interest rate index. Hybrid mortgage loans have interest rates that are fixed for a specified period of time (typically three to ten years) and, thereafter, adjust to an increment over a specified interest rate index. Adjustable-rate and hybrid mortgage loans generally have periodic and lifetime constraints on how much the loan interest rate can change on any predetermined interest rate reset date.
 
We may acquire residential mortgage loans for our portfolio with the intention of either holding them in our residential mortgage loan portfolio or securitizing them and retaining them in our portfolio as securitized mortgage loans. To facilitate the securitization or financing of our loans, we may create subordinate certificates, which would provide a specified amount of credit enhancement. To the extent possible, we expect to issue securities through securities underwriters and either retain these securities or finance them in the repurchase agreement market. There is no limit on the amount we may retain of these below-investment-grade or unrated subordinate certificates. We expect to finance our residential mortgage loan portfolio through the use of repurchase agreements and then, to the extent possible, we may securitize our residential mortgage loans.
 
Once a potential residential loan package investment has been identified, our manager and the third parties it engages will analyze the loan pool and conduct follow-up due diligence as part of the underwriting process. As part of this process, the key factors which the underwriters will consider include, but are not limited to, documentation, debt-to-income ratio, loan-to-value ratios and property valuation. This diligence may be done by Clayton, of which a controlling majority interest is held by an investment fund managed by Greenfield Partners, and with respect to which the chief executive officer of Rialto is currently the representative of a minority equity owner on its board of managers, by Greenfield or Rialto (or their affiliates) or by an unrelated third party. The diligence findings are then measured along with other key factors such as price of the pool, geographic concentrations and type of product to determine the pool’s relative attractiveness. Our manager will refine its underwriting criteria based upon actual loan portfolio experience and as market conditions and investor requirements evolve.
 
We expect that the residential mortgage loans we acquire will be first lien, single-family FRMs, ARMs and hybrid ARMs with original terms to maturity of not more than 40 years and that are either fully amortizing or are interest-only for up to ten years and fully amortizing thereafter.
 
Prime and Jumbo Mortgage Loans
 
Prime mortgage loans are mortgage loans that generally conform to U.S. government agency underwriting guidelines. Jumbo prime mortgage loans are mortgage loans that generally conform to U.S. government agency underwriting guidelines except that the mortgage balance exceeds the maximum amount permitted by U.S. government agency underwriting guidelines.
 
Alt-A Mortgage Loans
 
Alt-A mortgage loans are mortgage loans made to borrowers whose qualifying mortgage characteristics do not conform to U.S. government agency underwriting guidelines but whose borrower characteristics may. Generally, Alt-A mortgage loans allow homeowners to qualify for a mortgage loan with reduced or alternate forms of documentation. The credit quality of Alt-A borrowers generally exceeds the credit quality of subprime borrowers.
 
Subprime Mortgage Loans
 
Subprime mortgage loans are loans that do not conform to U.S. government agency underwriting guidelines.


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Home Equity Conversion Mortgages
 
Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT, we may acquire HECM. HECM, also commonly referred to as “reverse mortgages,” are insured by the FHA.
 
HECM are mortgage loans designed specifically for senior citizens to convert equity in their homes to monthly streams of income or lines of credit. Unlike a traditional “forward” mortgage in which a borrower repays the outstanding balance of a mortgage loan in periodic payments, a borrower or his estate is not required to repay any advances made in respect of the HECM until a maturity event occurs, which is generally under one of the following circumstances: (1) a borrower dies and the property is not the principal residence of at least one surviving borrower, (2) a borrower conveys all of his or her title in the mortgaged property and no other borrower retains title to the mortgaged property, (3) the mortgaged property ceases to be the principal residence of a borrower for reasons other than death and the mortgaged property is not the principal residence of at least one surviving borrower, (4) a borrower fails to occupy the mortgaged property for a period of longer than 12 consecutive months because of physical or mental illness and the mortgaged property is not the principal residence of at least one other borrower, or (5) a borrower fails to perform any of its obligations under the HECM. In addition, the borrower may elect to make voluntary prepayments of the HECM without any penalty being assessed. With regard to repayment of the HECM, the borrower or the estate (in the event that the borrower dies) is not obligated to pay any amounts in excess of the net proceeds from the disposition of the property. To the extent the aggregate amount of the participations related to a particular HECM, including the accrued interest, and any costs or expenses reimbursable to the lender exceeds the net proceeds from the sale of the property, FHA insurance will cover any balance due to the lender up to the maximum claim amount.
 
Agency RMBS
 
Agency RMBS are residential mortgage-backed securities for which a U.S. government agency such as Ginnie Mae, or a federally chartered corporation such as Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac guarantees payments of principal and interest on the securities. Payments of principal and interest on Agency RMBS, not the market value of the securities themselves, are guaranteed. See “— Freddie Mac Gold Certificates,” “— Fannie Mae Certificates” and “— Ginnie Mae Certificates” below.
 
Agency RMBS differ from other forms of traditional debt securities, which normally provide for periodic payments of interest in fixed amounts with principal payments at maturity or on specified call dates. Instead, Agency RMBS provide for monthly payments, which consist of both principal and interest. In effect, these payments are a “pass-through” of scheduled and prepaid principal payments and the monthly interest made by the individual borrowers on the mortgage loans, net of any fees paid to the issuers, servicers or guarantors of the securities.
 
The principal may be prepaid at any time due to prepayments on the underlying mortgage loans or other assets. These differences can result in significantly greater price and yield volatility than is the case with traditional fixed income securities.
 
Various factors affect the rate at which mortgage prepayments occur, including changes in the level and directional trends in housing prices, interest rates, general economic conditions, the availability of loan modification or loan refinancing programs, the age of the mortgage loan, the location of the property and other social and demographic conditions. Generally, prepayments on Agency RMBS increase during periods of falling mortgage interest rates and decrease during periods of rising mortgage interest rates. However, this may not always be the case. We may reinvest principal repayments at a yield that is higher or lower than the yield on the repaid investment, thus affecting our net interest income by altering the average yield on our assets.
 
However, when interest rates are declining, the value of Agency RMBS with prepayment options may not increase as much as other fixed income securities. The rate of prepayments on underlying mortgages will affect the price and volatility of Agency RMBS and may have the effect of shortening or extending the duration of the security beyond what was anticipated at the time of purchase. When interest rates rise, our


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holdings of Agency RMBS may experience reduced returns if the owners of the underlying mortgages pay off their mortgages slower than anticipated. This is generally referred to as extension risk.
 
The types of Agency RMBS described below are collateralized by either FRMs, ARMs or hybrid ARMs. FRMs have an interest rate that is fixed for the term of the loan and do not adjust. The interest rates on ARMs generally adjust annually (although some may adjust more frequently) to an increment over a specified interest rate index. Hybrid ARMs have interest rates that are fixed for a specified period of time (typically three, five, seven or ten years) and, thereafter, adjust to an increment over a specified interest rate index. ARMs and hybrid ARMs generally have periodic and lifetime constraints on how much the loan interest rate can change on any predetermined interest rate reset date. Our allocation of our Agency RMBS collateralized by FRMs, ARMs or hybrid ARMs will depend on various factors including, but not limited to, relative value, expected future prepayment trends, supply and demand, costs of hedging, costs of financing, expected future interest rate volatility and the overall shape of the U.S. Treasury and interest rate swap yield curves. We intend to take these factors into account when we acquire Agency RMBS.
 
In the future our residential portfolio may extend to debentures that are issued and guaranteed by Freddie Mac or Fannie Mae or mortgage-backed securities the collateral of which is guaranteed by Ginnie Mae, Freddie Mac, Fannie Mae or another federally chartered corporation.
 
In our Agency RMBS portfolio, the types of mortgage pass-through certificates which we intend to acquire or which comprise CMOs in which we intend to acquire are described below.
 
Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates
 
Single-family residential mortgage pass-through certificates are securities representing interests in “pools” of mortgage loans secured by residential real property where payments of both interest and principal, plus pre-paid principal, on the securities are made monthly to holders of the securities, in effect “passing through” monthly payments made by the individual borrowers on the mortgage loans that underlie the securities, net of fees paid to the issuer/guarantor and servicers of the securities. These mortgage pass-through certificates are guaranteed by a U.S. government agency or federally chartered corporation.
 
CMOs
 
CMOs are securities that are structured from U.S. government agency or federally chartered corporation-backed mortgage pass-through certificates. CMOs receive monthly payments of principal and interest. CMOs divide the cash flows which come from the underlying mortgage pass-through certificates into different classes of securities. CMOs can have different maturities and different weighted average lives than the underlying mortgage pass-through certificates. CMOs can re-distribute the risk characteristics of mortgage pass-through certificates to better satisfy the demands of various investor types.
 
Freddie Mac Gold Certificates
 
The Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, or Freddie Mac, is a shareholder-owned, federally-chartered corporation created pursuant to an act of Congress on July 24, 1970. The principal activity of Freddie Mac currently consists of the purchase of mortgage loans or participation interests in mortgage loans and the resale of the loans and participations in the form of guaranteed mortgage-backed securities. Freddie Mac guarantees to each holder of Freddie Mac gold certificates the timely payment of interest at the applicable pass-through rate and principal on the holder’s pro rata share of the unpaid principal balance of the related mortgage loans. The obligations of Freddie Mac under its guarantees are solely those of Freddie Mac and are not backed by the full faith and credit of the United States. If Freddie Mac were unable to satisfy these obligations, distributions to holders of Freddie Mac certificates would consist solely of payments and other recoveries on the underlying mortgage loans and, accordingly, defaults and delinquencies on the underlying mortgage loans would adversely affect monthly distributions to holders of Freddie Mac certificates.
 
Freddie Mac gold certificates are backed by pools of single-family mortgage loans or multi-family mortgage loans. These underlying mortgage loans may have original terms to maturity of up to 40 years.


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Freddie Mac certificates may be issued under cash programs (composed of mortgage loans purchased from a number of sellers) or guarantor programs (composed of mortgage loans acquired from one seller in exchange for certificates representing interests in the mortgage loans purchased).
 
Fannie Mae Certificates
 
The Federal National Mortgage Association, or Fannie Mae, is a shareholder-owned, federally-chartered corporation organized and existing under the Federal National Mortgage Association Charter Act, created in 1938 and rechartered in 1968 by Congress as a stockholder-owned company. Fannie Mae provides funds to the mortgage market primarily by purchasing home mortgage loans from local lenders, thereby replenishing their funds for additional lending. Fannie Mae guarantees to the registered holder of a certificate that it will distribute amounts representing scheduled principal and interest on the mortgage loans in the pool underlying the Fannie Mae certificate, whether or not received, and the full principal amount of any such mortgage loan foreclosed or otherwise finally liquidated, whether or not the principal amount is actually received. The obligations of Fannie Mae under its guarantees are solely those of Fannie Mae and are not backed by the full faith and credit of the United States. If Fannie Mae were unable to satisfy its obligations, distributions to holders of Fannie Mae certificates would consist solely of payments and other recoveries on the underlying mortgage loans and, accordingly, defaults and delinquencies on the underlying mortgage loans would adversely affect monthly distributions to holders of Fannie Mae.
 
Fannie Mae certificates may be backed by pools of single-family or multi-family mortgage loans. The original term to maturity of any such mortgage loan generally does not exceed 40 years. Fannie Mae certificates may pay interest at a fixed rate or an adjustable rate. Each series of Fannie Mae ARM certificates bears an initial interest rate and margin tied to an index based on all loans in the related pool, less a fixed percentage representing servicing compensation and Fannie Mae’s guarantee fee. The specified index used in different series has included the U.S. Treasury Index, the 11th District Cost of Funds Index published by the Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco, LIBOR and other indices. Interest rates paid on fully-indexed Fannie Mae ARM certificates equal the applicable index rate plus a specified number of percentage points. The majority of series of Fannie Mae ARM certificates issued to date have evidenced pools of mortgage loans with monthly, semi-annual or annual interest rate adjustments. Adjustments in the interest rates paid are generally limited to an annual increase or decrease of either 1.0% or 2.0% and to a lifetime cap of 5.0% or 6.0% over the initial interest rate.
 
Ginnie Mae Certificates
 
Ginnie Mae is a wholly-owned corporate instrumentality of the United States within HUD. The National Housing Act of 1934 authorizes Ginnie Mae to guarantee the timely payment of the principal of and interest on certificates which represent an interest in a pool of mortgages insured by the FHA or partially guaranteed by the Department of Veterans Affairs and other loans eligible for inclusion in mortgage pools underlying Ginnie Mae certificates. Section 306(g) of the Housing Act provides that the full faith and credit of the United States is pledged to the payment of all amounts which may be required to be paid under any guarantee by Ginnie Mae.
 
At present, most Ginnie Mae certificates are backed by single-family mortgage loans. The interest rate paid on Ginnie Mae certificates may be a fixed rate or an adjustable rate. The interest rate on Ginnie Mae certificates issued under Ginnie Mae’s standard ARM program adjusts annually in relation to the Treasury index. Adjustments in the interest rate are generally limited to an annual increase or decrease of 1.0% and to a lifetime cap of 5.0% over the initial coupon rate.
 
We may, in the future, utilize “to-be-announced” forward contracts, or TBAs, in order to acquire Agency RMBS. Pursuant to these TBAs, we would agree to purchase, for future delivery, Agency RMBS with certain principal and interest terms and certain types of underlying collateral, but the particular Agency RMBS to be delivered would not be identified until shortly before the TBA settlement date. Our ability to purchase Agency RMBS through TBAs may be limited by the 75% asset test and gross income test applicable to


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REITs. See “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations — Asset Tests” and “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations — Gross Income Tests.”
 
HECM MBS
 
Our Agency RMBS assets may include HECM MBS, the collateral for which consists of HECMs. Ginnie Mae guarantees the timely payment of principal and interest on HECM MBS. The Ginnie Mae guaranty is backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government.
 
“HECM MBS” means MBS that are based on or backed by participation interests in advances made to borrowers and related amounts in respect of a HECM. Ginnie Mae guarantees the timely payment of principal and interest on each class of securities. The Ginnie Mae guaranty is backed by the full faith and credit of the United States of America.
 
H4H MBS
 
Our Agency RMBS assets may include H4H MBS. The mortgage loan collateral for H4H MBS consists of mortgage loans issued by FHA approved lenders under the H4H Act. H4H mortgage loans are insured by the FHA and the payment of principal and interest on H4H MBS is guaranteed by Ginnie Mae.
 
“H4H MBS” means MBS, the collateral for which consists of mortgage loans issued by FHA-approved lenders under the H4H Act. H4H mortgage loans are insured by the FHA and the payment of principal and interest on H4H MBS is guaranteed by Ginnie Mae.
 
“H4H Act” means the Hope for Homeowners Act of 2008.
 
ABS
 
Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT, we intend to acquire debt and equity tranches of securitizations backed by various asset classes including, but not limited to, small balance commercial mortgages, aircraft, automobiles, credit cards, equipment, manufactured housing, franchises, recreational vehicles and student loans. To the extent such securities are treated as debt of the issuer of the securitization vehicle for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we will hold the securities directly, subject to the requirements of our continued qualification as a REIT as described in “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations — Asset Tests.” To the extent the securities represent equity interests in the issuer of the securitization for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we may hold such securities through a TRS which would cause the income recognized with respect to such securities to be subject to U.S. federal (and applicable state and local) corporate income tax. We may utilize (directly or indirectly through financing vehicles we may form) the TALF to finance certain of our ABS assets. Under the TALF, the NY Fed makes non-recourse loans to borrowers collateralized by eligible collateral, which includes U.S. dollar-denominated cash (that is, not synthetic) ABS that have a credit rating in the highest long-term or short-term investment grade rating category from two or more major NRSROs and do not have a credit rating below the highest investment grade rating category from a major NRSRO and are not under watch or review for a downgrade. The underlying credit exposures of the eligible ABS include auto loans, student loans, credit card loans, equipment loans, floorplan loans, small business loans fully guaranteed as to principal and interest by the SBA, receivables related to residential mortgage servicing advances (servicing advance receivables) and loans to finance premiums for property and casualty insurance covering commercial property. We believe that certain of the ABS assets that we will acquire may be TALF-eligible collateral. See “— Government Financing — The Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility.”
 
Other Financial Assets
 
Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT, over time, we may acquire securities, including common stock, preferred stock and debt, of other real estate-related entities and non-real estate-related asset-backed securities and secured and unsecured corporate debt.


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We may also acquire other types of assets from time to time as opportunities present themselves that are consistent with our target asset guidelines.
 
Anticipated Percentage Asset Allocation
 
Subject to prevailing market conditions at the time of purchase, we currently expect to purchase or otherwise gain exposure to our target assets, directly or indirectly through financing subsidiaries, in the following ranges: approximately 30% to 40% AB PPIF, approximately 30% to 40% commercial mortgage loans, approximately 20% to 30% residential mortgage loans, approximately 0% to 15% Agency RMBS, approximately 5% to 15% CMBS eligible for TALF financing and approximately 0% to 10% ABS and other financial assets. We expect that the AB PPIF will be authorized to invest only in CMBS and non-Agency RMBS. Our investment in the AB PPIF will be allocated pro rata among the assets held by the AB PPIF, and as a result, our exposure to our target assets will depend, in part, upon the composition of assets held by the AB PPIF. We will have no ability to control asset allocation decisions of the AB PPIF. There is no assurance that, upon the completion of this offering, we will not allocate the proceeds from this offering and the concurrent private placement in a different manner among our target assets. In particular, we expect that during our initial investment period of up to 12 months, and at times in the future when we may be adjusting our investment strategy, our holdings of Agency RMBS will be greater, and our holdings of other target assets will be lower, than the currently anticipated ranges. In addition, there can be no assurance that the AB PPIF will be established, and in the event that AB PPIF is not established, we will adjust our investment strategy. Our decisions will depend on prevailing market conditions and may change over time in response to opportunities available in different interest rate, economic and credit environments.
 
Target Asset Guidelines
 
Our board of directors has adopted a set of guidelines that set out our target asset classes. Until appropriate opportunities can be identified or until we receive capital calls from the AB PPIF, the manager may invest our assets in interest-bearing short-term investments, including money-market accounts and/or funds and liquid Agency RMBS, in each case that are consistent with our intention to qualify as a REIT and to maintain our exemption from registration under the 1940 Act. Our manager, through its investment committee, will make determinations as to the percentage of our assets that will be deployed in each of our target asset classes. The investment committee’s decisions will depend on prevailing market conditions and may change over time in response to opportunities available in different interest rate, economic and credit environments. As a result, our portfolio allocation among our target asset classes will vary from time to time. We believe that the expected diversification of our portfolio of assets, the expertise available to us in our target asset classes and the flexibility of our strategy will enable us to achieve attractive risk-adjusted returns under a variety of market conditions and economic cycles.
 
Our board of directors has adopted the following target asset guidelines:
 
  •      no investment or other transaction shall be made that would cause us to fail to qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes;
 
  •      no investment or other transaction shall be made that would cause us to be regulated as an investment company under the 1940 Act;
 
  •      assets we acquire will be in our target asset classes; and
 
  •      until appropriate assets can be identified or until we receive capital calls from the AB PPIF, the manager may invest our capital in interest-bearing, short-term investments, including money market accounts and/or funds and liquid Agency RMBS, in each case that are consistent with our intention to qualify as a REIT.
 
Our target asset guidelines may be changed from time to time by our manager upon approval by a majority of our independent directors without the approval of our stockholders. To the extent that our board of directors approves changes to these guidelines that constitute material information to our stockholders, our


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stockholders will be informed of such changes through disclosure in our periodic reports and other filings under the Exchange Act.
 
Investment Committee
 
Our manager will form an investment committee initially comprised of our chief investment officer, who will serve as chairman of the investment committee, our chief executive officer and a senior investment professional from each of Greenfield and Rialto. Actions by the investment committee will require the approval of each of AllianceBernstein, Greenfield and Rialto who, in each case, will participate through senior investment professionals. The investment committee expects to establish parameters for our asset acquisitions within which AllianceBernstein may execute transactions on our behalf. The specific parameters have not yet been established. They will be established by the investment committee based upon market conditions prevailing from time to time, the general availability of assets within our targeted asset classes from time to time, the size of our portfolio of assets, the availability of financing for particular types of assets and other factors.
 
Specifically, with respect to purchases of securities, the investment committee expects to identify parameters for expected loss percentage, including a tolerance for variances. If an asset to be purchased by AllianceBernstein has an expected loss percentage, as forecast by AllianceBernstein (supported by Clayton’s analytical and qualitative data in the case of RMBS), at the time of acquisition which exceeds the parameters established by the investment committee, AllianceBernstein must present the security to the investment committee before the security is purchased and any vote entitled to be cast on the investment committee may used to veto the purchase. The investment committee also intends to establish sizing parameters and if a potential acquisition identified by AllianceBernstein requires a capital commitment equal to or in excess of these parameters, it must present the acquisition to the investment committee. The investment committee also intends to establish parameters with respect to a disposition of our assets. Any acquisition or disposition of securities that is within the parameters established by the investment committee may be made by AllianceBernstein upon the sole approval of the chairman of the investment committee.
 
With respect to purchase of commercial and residential loans and other non-securities purchases, the investment committee expects to establish sizing parameters and any vote entitled to be cast on the investment committee may be used to veto an acquisition if it exceeds those parameters.
 
We may also acquire interests in other Legacy Securities PPIFs for which AllianceBernstein and/or one of the sub-advisors acts as an investment manager. Any equity purchase we make in any PPIF managed by AllianceBernstein and/or one of the sub-advisors will be approved by our board of directors, including a majority of our independent directors.
 
Recommendations for interim sales of investments may be made by any member of the investment committee, subject to the subsequent approval of the chairman of the investment committee. The investment committee will also be responsible for defining the servicing criteria to be utilized by servicing providers with respect to foreclosures on collateral underlying our portfolio assets.
 
The investment committee expects to meet on a monthly basis. The investment committee will review and supervise our program and compliance with our investment policies and procedures and regularly monitor our portfolio of assets to determine if any adjustments are warranted and, if so, to provide a recommendation accordingly. It is expected that individuals on the investment committee will also interact informally on a frequent basis. The initial members of the investment committee will be: Jeffrey Phlegar, who will serve as chairman of the investment committee, Jonathan Sobel, Eugene A. Gorab and Jeffrey P. Krasnoff. For biographical information on Messrs. Phlegar, Sobel, Gorab and Krasnoff, see “Management — Our Directors, Director Nominees and Executive Officers — Directors and Director Nominees” and “— Executive Officers.”
 
Asset Acquisition Process
 
We expect our acquisition process will benefit from the resources and professionals of our manager and AllianceBernstein. The investment committee will oversee our asset acquisitions and dispositions and


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financing strategies as well as compliance with our target asset guidelines and expects to meet on a monthly basis to discuss our strategies. AllianceBernstein will execute asset purchases.
 
Other than through our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF and any other PPIF in which we may acquire an interest, we expect that AllianceBernstein will be the primary source for identifying potential assets we may acquire, particularly with respect to MBS, and the sub-advisors may also identify co-investment opportunities, particularly in whole loans and loan portfolios.
 
Our acquisition process will include sourcing and screening of opportunities, assessing asset suitability, conducting credit and prepayment analysis, analyzing collateral performance, including deriving projected loss and default assumptions on the underlying collateral, and evaluating cash flow. AllianceBernstein will perform cash flow modeling for valuation purposes utilizing both vendor and in-house credit default models and will perform cash flow stress testing to determine whether there is sufficient remaining structural credit enhancement to allow for the return of principal under various scenarios. AllianceBernstein, with the assistance of its sub-advisors, will also conduct due diligence to validate the specific cash flow projections, which may include contacting a variety of parties involved in the security such as investment bankers and traders, MBS and equity research analysts, rating agency analysts, servicers, competitors of the issuer or servicer, stand-by servicers, trustees and other investors and attorneys. In addition, our manager, through AllianceBernstein, will conduct a legal review of the security documentation to understand the priority of cash flow payments in the relevant structure. Upon identification of an acquisition opportunity, the asset will be screened and monitored by our manager and its affiliates to determine its impact on maintaining our REIT qualification and our exemption from registration under the 1940 Act. We will seek to make acquisitions in sectors where AllianceBernstein or one of its sub-advisors has strong core competencies and where we believe credit risk and expected performance can be reasonably quantified.
 
Our manager’s investment committee and AllianceBernstein will evaluate investment opportunities based on their expected risk-adjusted return relative to the returns available from other comparable assets. In addition, our manager and its affiliates will evaluate new opportunities based on their relative expected returns compared to comparable securities held in our portfolio. The investment committee and AllianceBernstein will also evaluate whether the assets being acquired are eligible for financing under programs established by the U.S. government, such as the TALF and the PPIP. The terms of any leverage available to us for use in funding an asset purchase are also taken into consideration, as are any risks posed by illiquidity or correlations with other assets in the portfolio. The investment committee and AllianceBernstein will also develop a macro outlook with respect to each target asset class by examining factors in the broader economy such as GDP, interest rates, unemployment rate and availability of credit, among other things. They will also analyze fundamental trends in the relevant target asset class sector to adjust/maintain its outlook for that particular target asset class. AllianceBernstein, with the assistance of the sub-advisors, intends to conduct extensive diligence with respect to each target asset class by, among other things, examining and monitoring the capabilities and financial wherewithal of the parties responsible for the origination, administration and servicing of relevant target assets.
 
Our Financing Strategy
 
We expect to use leverage, directly and indirectly through financing vehicles, to increase potential returns to our stockholders and to fund the acquisition of our assets. We may use both recourse and non-recourse leverage; however, in light of current market conditions, we expect that initially our leverage will consist primarily of non-recourse financing. Although we are not required to maintain any particular assets-to-equity leverage ratio, we expect under current market conditions to deploy up to two times leverage on commercial mortgage loans, up to three times leverage on residential mortgage loans, up to eight times leverage on Agency RMBS and (based on the TALF program rules as currently in effect) up to 6.67 times leverage on CMBS eligible for TALF financing, but excluding any leverage employed by the AB PPIF. These leverage parameters are in our discretion and could change at any time. The AB PPIF will have its own leverage policies that we will have no ability to control, and the foregoing expected leverage ratio for CMBS does not include any additional exposure to CMBS we may gain indirectly through our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF. The amount of leverage we will deploy for particular assets in our target asset classes


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will depend upon our manager’s assessment of a variety of factors, which may include the following: the health of the U.S. economy and residential and commercial mortgage-related markets; the collateral underlying our CMBS, non-Agency RMBS, and commercial and residential loans and Agency RMBS; the anticipated liquidity and price volatility of our portfolio of assets; the potential for losses and extension risk on our portfolio of assets; the gap between the duration of our assets and liabilities including any hedges; the availability and cost of financing the assets; the terms of available financing alternatives, including whether financing is on a recourse or non-recourse basis; our opinion of the creditworthiness of our financing counterparties; our outlook for the level, slope and volatility of interest rates; the credit quality of the loans we acquire; and our outlook for asset spreads relative to the London Interbank Offered Rate, or LIBOR, curve.
 
Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT and our exemption from registration under the 1940 Act, we expect to use a number of sources to finance our assets. We initially expect our primary financing sources to include non-recourse financings under the TALF and other programs established by the U.S. government to finance our CMBS, non-Agency RMBS and ABS, other than through our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF, which will not initially employ any leverage beyond that offered by the U.S. Treasury under the Legacy Securities Program. Secondarily, we may employ to a lesser extent recourse financing through repurchase agreements, securitizations and seller financing. Over time, as market conditions change, in addition to these financings, we may use other forms of leverage provided by the U.S. government and its agencies as well as through the private sector.
 
Descriptions of the types of financings we expect to employ are described in more detail below.
 
Government Financing
 
To the extent that we are eligible to participate in programs established by the U.S. government such as the PPIP and the TALF, we may (directly or indirectly through financing vehicles we may form) utilize borrowings under these programs to finance our assets. See “— The Public-Private Investment Program — Legacy Loans” and “— The Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility” below. There can also be no assurance that we (directly or indirectly through any financing vehicles we may form) will be eligible to participate in these programs or, if we (directly or indirectly) are eligible, that we will be able to (directly or indirectly) utilize them successfully or at all.
 
The Public-Private Investment Program — Legacy Securities
 
On March 23, 2009, the U.S. Treasury, in conjunction with the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, or the FDIC, and the Federal Reserve, announced the creation of the PPIP. The PPIP is intended to encourage the transfer of certain illiquid legacy real estate-related assets off of the balance sheets of financial institutions, restarting the market for these assets and supporting the flow of credit and other capital into the broader economy. The PPIP, as announced, is expected to have two primary components: the Legacy Securities Program and the Legacy Loans Program. PPIFs will be established under the Legacy Loans Program to purchase troubled loans from insured depository institutions, and PPIFs will be established under the Legacy Securities Program to purchase certain CMBS and non-Agency RMBS that were originally AAA-rated from financial institutions.
 
Legacy Securities PPIFs are expected to have access to equity capital from the U.S. Treasury as well as debt financing provided or guaranteed by the U.S. government. The U.S. Treasury has announced that it will provide an aggregate of $30 billion to Legacy Securities PPIFs in the form of equity capital and debt financing. Specifically, the U.S. Treasury will provide up to 50% of the equity capital of each Legacy Securities PPIF, with the remainder provided by private investors, and will provide senior debt up to 100% of the total equity capital of such PPIF so long as the PPIF’s private investors do not have voluntary withdrawal rights.
 
In addition, the U.S. Treasury will consider requests for debt financing of up to 100% of a Legacy Securities PPIF’s total equity capital, subject to restrictions on asset level leverage, withdrawal rights, disposition priorities and other factors to be developed by the U.S. Treasury. Loans made by the U.S. Treasury to any PPIF will accrue interest at an annual rate to be determined by the U.S. Treasury and will be payable in


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full on the date of termination of the PPIF. The U.S. Treasury will receive warrants in the AB PPIF, which will be structured as preferential payments in an amount equal to a specified percentage set forth under the Legacy Securities Program, and will reduce the amount of distributions that would otherwise be payable to the holders of ownership interests in the AB PPIF, including us, and may have an adverse impact on our stockholders. The equity capital and debt financing under the Legacy Securities Program is available to Legacy Securities PPIFs managed by investment managers who have been pre-qualified as PPIF managers under the program.
 
AllianceBernstein, together with Greenfield and Rialto as two of its sub-advisors, has been pre-qualified by the U.S. Treasury as an initial PPIF manager under its Legacy Securities Program established under the PPIP to manage legacy securities and is one of only nine initial investment managers so pre-qualified by the U.S. Treasury. Each of these fund managers is required to raise at least $500 million of capital from private investors for a Legacy Securities PPIF within 12 weeks after July 8, 2009. We anticipate that our investment in the AB PPIF may help it meet this $500 million requirement. The U.S. Treasury will make a matching equity capital investment in the PPIFs and will provide debt financing up to 100% of the total equity capital of the PPIFs. In addition, the Legacy Securities PPIFs will be able to obtain private debt financing and leverage through the TALF for TALF-eligible Legacy CMBS, subject to leverage limits and covenants, including a requirement that a PPIF borrower wishing to access the TALF shall have only received Treasury debt financing equal to or less than 50% of such PPIF’s total equity (including private- and Treasury-supplied equity) and that the haircut for TALF loans to PPIF borrowers will be 50% greater than the haircut applicable to other TALF borrowers. In particular, the TALF haircuts for Legacy Securities PPIFs will be adjusted upward so that the combination of U.S. Treasury-supplied and TALF-supplied debt will not exceed the total amount of debt that would be available when leveraging the Legacy Securities PPIF equity alone. However, the AB PPIF does not initially expect to employ any leverage beyond that offered by the U.S. Treasury under the Legacy Securities Program. The Legacy Securities PPIFs will have a maximum term of eight years, subject to two one-year extensions. As a pre-qualified PPIF manager, AllianceBernstein, supported by the management teams from Greenfield and Rialto, will manage a portfolio of CMBS and non-Agency RMBS to be acquired by the AB PPIF. The AB PPIF will have access to U.S. Treasury financing under the Legacy Securities Program and possible other funding sources. Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT and our exemption from registration under the 1940 Act, we currently expect to deploy between 30% to 40% of the net proceeds from this offering and the concurrent private placement to acquire an indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF. We may also acquire interests in other Legacy Securities PPIFs sponsored or managed by AllianceBernstein or the sub-advisors or their affiliates. Our equity investment in any PPIF managed by AllianceBernstein and/or one of its sub-advisors will be approved by our board of directors, including a majority of our independent directors.
 
Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT and our exemption from registration under the 1940 Act, we currently expect to deploy between 30% to 40% of the net proceeds from this offering and the concurrent private placement to acquire an indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF. Our acquisition of an indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF and of any ownership interests we may acquire in one or more other Legacy Securities PPIFs that may be sponsored or managed by AllianceBernstein or the sub-advisors or their affiliates would have to be approved by our board of directors, including a majority of our independent directors, and would be expected to be on terms that are no less favorable to us than those made available to other third party institutional investors in such vehicle. However, to date such terms have not yet been established. Other than initially through our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF, we will seek to gain exposure to other CMBS, ABS and other eligible asset classes with borrowings through the TALF as well as through securitizations and other sources of funding, in each case to the extent available to us.
 
The AB PPIF
 
The advisor, AllianceBernstein, has entered into non-binding terms with the U.S. Treasury, setting forth an agreement in principle, or UST/AB Agreement in Principle, to (i) an equity interest by the U.S. Treasury in a public private investment fund to be formed as a Delaware limited partnership, or the AB PPIF, by AllianceBernstein or an affiliate, as sponsor and (ii) a senior secured credit facility to be provided by


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the U.S. Treasury to the AB PPIF, in each case upon certain agreed terms and conditions. Completion of the transactions contemplated by the UST/AB Agreement in Principle is subject to establishment of mutually-acceptable definitive agreements including specified terms and such other terms as may be mutually agreed, completion of due diligence and other matters. The summary below of certain provisions of the UST/AB Agreement in Principle assumes that the AB PPIF is in fact established and is subject to the terms of the definitive documents to be established between AllianceBernstein, the U.S. Treasury and other parties.
 
Capitalization.  The AB PPIF will be a Delaware limited partnership of which an affiliate of AllianceBernstein will be the sole general partner, or the AB PPIF GP. The equity capital of the AB PPIF will be funded one-half by the U.S. Treasury and one-half by private sector institutional investors, including us. Equity commitments will be drawn down over a three-year period (subject to limited extensions in certain limited circumstances) from the respective investors on a pro rata basis as needed by the AB PPIF; provided that the U.S. Treasury can terminate the investment period of the AB PPIF after one year, at which point the equity commitment drawdown period would end. In addition, the AB PPIF GP can terminate the investment period after 18 months if it determines that there have been permanent changes in the market for eligible assets that make it no longer in the best interests of the AB PPIF’s investors for the AB PPIF to continue to acquire eligible assets. Equity held by us in the AB PPIF will be subject to restrictions on transfer and will be non-voting due to our affiliation with the AB PPIF through AllianceBernstein. The term of the AB PPIF will be eight years, subject to up to two one-year extensions.
 
We expect to deploy between 30% to 40% of the net proceeds from this offering and the concurrent private placement to acquire our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF. Our investment will be made through a separate feeder fund established by AllianceBernstein, or the AB PPIF Feeder. The AB PPIF Feeder will raise funds from various investors, including ourselves, and will then use substantially all of such funds to purchase limited partnership interests in the AB PPIF. The AB PPIF Feeder will not be permitted to purchase any assets other than the limited partnership interests in the AB PPIF, except short-term investments, such as U.S. Treasury securities with maturities not exceeding 90 calendar days. The term of the AB PPIF Feeder will correspond to the term of the AB PPIF. It is currently expected that the AB PPIF Feeder and the U.S. Treasury will be the only limited partners of the AB PPIF.
 
Investments.  During a three-year investment period, the AB PPIF will seek to generate returns through long-term investments in “eligible assets” consisting of CMBS and non-Agency RMBS that it will acquire from financial institutions and that were issued prior to January 1, 2009 and were originally rated in the highest long-term rating category by two or more rating agencies without rating enhancement and that are secured directly by actual mortgage loans, leases and other assets and not other securities. The eligible assets must be purchased solely from financial institutions from which the U.S. Treasury may purchase assets pursuant to the EESA. By the end of its term, the AB PPIF’s assets will be required to be sold and the net proceeds thereof distributed to its investors.
 
Debt Financing.  The AB PPIF will use limited recourse debt financing provided by the U.S. Treasury, or U.S. Treasury debt financing, for investment and portfolio-management purposes in an amount up to 100% of its total assets (determined on each date of borrowing). The AB PPIF will bear the interest expense and other financing costs arising out of the use of the U.S. Treasury debt financing. As the AB PPIF plans to use U.S. Treasury debt financing in an amount equal to more than 50% of its total capital commitments after effecting any such borrowing, the AB PPIF will initially not be permitted to borrow additional funds under the TALF; provided, however, if through repayments the AB PPIF reduces the amount of outstanding U.S. Treasury debt financing to no more than 50% of its total capital commitments, the AB PPIF would then be permitted under the U.S. Treasury debt financing terms to borrow under TALF (subject to compliance with TALF requirements) and would also become subject to a leverage ratio test that would need to be satisfied in order to borrow additional amounts under the U.S. Treasury debt financing.
 
The U.S. Treasury debt financing may be drawn down by the AB PPIF subject to certain conditions, including that all loans provided by the U.S. Treasury to the AB PPIF must be secured by the AB PPIF’s investments and other assets and property. After the end of the investment period, the AB PPIF will no longer be able to borrow amounts, if any, that were previously available to it through the U.S. Treasury debt financing


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other than in certain limited circumstances. The AB PPIF will be required to make certain representations and warranties and to comply with certain conditions that are of a nature that is generally customary for commercial lending facilities, as well as others specific to the AB PPIF. The AB PPIF will be required to comply with the EESA, implement a conflict of interests mitigation plan and a code of ethics reasonably satisfactory to the U.S. Treasury and allow the U.S. Treasury, the Special Inspector General of the Troubled Asset Relief Program, the Government Accountability Office and their respective advisors and representatives to inspect property and books and records and meet with the AB PPIF GP.
 
The U.S. Treasury debt will accrue interest at a LIBOR-based rate on an amount and such terms as will be specified in the terms of the debt facility. The principal of such debt will be amortized as cash flow is received by the AB PPIF. The AB PPIF is limited in the amount of distributions it can make to its partners for so long as its asset coverage ratio with respect to the U.S. Treasury debt financing is below 300%. In addition, if the AB PPIF’s asset coverage ratio with respect to the U.S. Treasury debt financing falls below 225%, it will not be able to make distributions to its partners until such time as the asset coverage ratio exceeds 225%. If the AB PPIF defaults on the U.S. Treasury debt financing, it will be required to repay in full all interest and principal owed to the U.S. Treasury with respect to the U.S. Treasury debt financing and any payments on permitted interest rate hedges prior to making any distributions to its partners. Further, at times when the AB PPIF is in compliance with the asset coverage tests under the U.S. Treasury debt financing, before the AB PPIF may make additional distributions to its investors exceeding the specified performance hurdle rate, the AB PPIF is required to apply proceeds towards the repayment of the principal of the U.S. Treasury debt financing. Specifically, beginning on January 1, 2010, after distributing to the AB PPIF Feeder (and any other feeder funds) the specified performance hurdle rate, before the AB PPIF may make additional distributions to the AB PPIF Feeder (and any other feeder funds), the AB PPIF is required to apply any remaining proceeds generated during such period, after the payment of certain expenses, towards the repayment of principal on the U.S. Treasury debt financing as follows: in the first three years after the initial AB PPIF closing date, 50%; in the fourth year after the initial AB PPIF closing date, 75%; thereafter, 100%.
 
The U.S. Treasury will receive warrants in the AB PPIF. These warrants will be applied to any proceeds remaining after the application of proceeds as provided above. These warrants will be structured as preferential payments in an amount equal to a specified percentage set forth under the Legacy Securities Program, and will reduce the amount of distributions that would otherwise be payable to the holders of ownership interests in the AB PPIF, including us, and may have an adverse impact on our stockholders.
 
Events of default under the U.S. Treasury debt financing are customary for financings of this type and include non-payment of principal, inaccuracy of representations and warranties, violation of covenants, the actual or asserted invalidity of any security document or security interest, a vote to remove the AB PPIF GP and the removal of the AB PPIF GP for cause or the happening of a certain events relating to AllianceBernstein or any sub-advisor with respect to the AB PPIF. The AB PPIF will not, without U.S. Treasury’s consent, borrow money other than through the U.S. Treasury debt financing or the TALF, unless otherwise permitted under the terms of the U.S. Treasury debt financing.
 
Management.  The AB PPIF GP is a subsidiary of AllianceBernstein. AllianceBernstein will serve as the AB PPIF’s investment advisor and will, through its special situations group, manage the AB PPIF’s investments and prepare periodic valuation and other reports. AllianceBernstein will also serve as the investment advisor of the AB PPIF Feeder. Greenfield, Rialto and Altura Capital Group LLC will serve as sub-advisors to AllianceBernstein and provide investment advisory services and will be compensated out of the management fees paid by the AB PPIF to AllianceBernstein. In connection with its role as advisor to the AB PPIF, AllianceBernstein will form an investment policy group composed of senior investment professionals from AllianceBernstein and the sub-advisors with respect to the AB PPIF. The investment policy group will periodically review the AB PPIF’s investments and its compliance with its investment policies and procedures.
 
The AB PPIF GP will generally be responsible for the administration and operation of the AB PPIF, as assisted by the investment advisor and its sub-advisors. The AB PPIF GP will also select the assets to be purchased by the AB PPIF. The U.S. Treasury will have the right to unilaterally remove the AB PPIF GP if AllianceBernstein or an affiliate thereof no longer acts as the advisor to the AB PPIF Feeder or upon certain


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breaches or other events. The U.S. Treasury, subject to a thirty (30) calendar day grace period given to the AB PPIF GP to cure, will also have the right to remove the AB PPIF GP with the consent of holders of at least one-third of the AB PPIF’s capital commitments if a “key person event” occurs. A “key person event” includes, among other things, if certain individuals cease to devote a specified percentage of their time to the business and affairs of the AB PPIF (which for this purpose includes time devoted to our business and affairs) and if AllianceBernstein ceases to hold a majority of the voting securities of the AB PPIF GP. The U.S. Treasury will also have the right to remove the AB PPIF GP at any time with the consent of the holders of a majority of the AB PPIF’s capital commitments (including such capital commitments from the U.S. Treasury). If the AB PPIF GP is removed unilaterally by the U.S. Treasury, the U.S. Treasury may choose to wind-down the AB PPIF. If the U.S. Treasury chooses to continue the business of the AB PPIF, then prior to the effectiveness of any removal, the U.S. Treasury will consult with the AB PPIF Feeder, as well as the advisory committee established in connection with the AB PPIF Feeder’s investment in the AB PPIF for the purpose of generally providing guidance on issues brought to it (including those that impact the AB PPIF Feeder), to name a replacement general partner. The replacement general partner would need to be approved by the holders of a majority of the AB PPIF Feeder’s plus other feeders, if any, limited partnership interests in the AB PPIF and, separately, by the U.S. Treasury.
 
Fees and Expenses.  The AB PPIF Feeder will be responsible for the payment of a management fee equal to: during the investment period, 1.00% per annum of net contributed capital and, thereafter, 1.00% per annum of the greater of net contributed capital or the net asset value of the AB PPIF Feeder’s interests in the AB PPIF as of the last day of the period to which the management fee relates, payable to AllianceBernstein in its role as investment advisor. Management fees payable by us in respect of our ownership interest in the AB PPIF Feeder will be reduced so that the sum of such fees plus our allocable share of management fees payable by the AB PPIF Feeder and the AB PPIF to AllianceBernstein will not exceed 1.50% of our stockholders’ equity per annum that is attributable to our ownership interest in the AB PPIF Feeder, calculated as described above. To the extent the AB PPIF Feeder returns a specific hurdle rate, an incentive fee will also be payable to the AB PPIF GP, which incentive fee payable to the AB PPIF GP is not expected to be in excess of the incentive fee payable by us to our manager. In addition, to the extent that any incentive fee is payable to the AB PPIF GP in respect of our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF, our manager will waive any incentive fees payable by us to our manager in respect of our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF. Each limited partner of the AB PPIF (other than the U.S. Treasury), including the AB PPIF Feeder, will bear its pro rata share of the AB PPIF’s organizational and start-up expenses. As a limited partner of the AB PPIF Feeder, we will bear our pro rata share of such start-up and organizational expenses (as allocated among all limited partners of the AB PPIF Feeder), as well as our pro rata share of the AB PPIF Feeder’s operational expenses. Furthermore, each of the AB PPIF and the AB PPIF Feeder will pay its ongoing expenses out of the capital drawn from investors or proceeds from its investments.
 
Special Considerations.  As a result of the U.S. Treasury providing equity capital and the U.S. Treasury debt financing to the AB PPIF, the U.S. Treasury will have certain rights and powers with respect to the AB PPIF, which will subject our investment in the AB PPIF to various risks not typically associated with an investment in a REIT. See “Risk Factors — Risks Relating to the PPIP and TALF,” and “Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Our Ownership Interest in the AB PPIF.”
 
Other key details of the AB PPIF are still under negotiation. In addition, the terms described above could change prior to the completion of the definitive documentation for the AB PPIF. As a result, there can be no assurance that the final terms of the AB PPIF will be as favorable to us as those described above.
 
The terms of any equity investment we make in the AB PPIF, as well as other decisions we take regarding such investment, must be approved by our board of directors, including a majority of our independent directors. In addition, we expect that any investment we make will be on terms that are no less favorable to us than those made available to other third-party institutional investors whose investment in the AB PPIF is equal to or less than ours.
 
The Public-Private Investment Program — Legacy Loans
 
Under the Legacy Loans Program, as announced, Legacy Loan PPIFs will be established to purchase troubled loans (including residential and commercial mortgage loans) from insured depository institutions. In the loan sales, assets will be priced through an auction process to be established under the program. For a bid


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to be considered in the auction process, the bid must be accompanied by a refundable cash deposit for 5% of the bid value. The Legacy Loan PPIF will be able to fund the asset purchase through the issuance of senior notes issued by the Legacy Loan PPIF. The notes will be collateralized by PPIF assets and guaranteed by the FDIC in exchange for a debt guarantee fee. Announcements describing the Legacy Loans Program have stated that the U.S. Treasury will provide up to 50% of the equity capital for each Legacy Loans PPIF, with the remainder provided by private investors, and that the FDIC will guarantee the debt issued by the Legacy Loans PPIF up to a 6-to-1 debt-to-equity ratio. As required by the EESA, the U.S. Treasury will receive warrants in the transaction.
 
Legacy Loan PPIFs, through their investment manager, will control and manage their asset pools within parameters pre-established by the FDIC and the U.S. Treasury, with reporting to and oversight by the FDIC. Legacy Loan PPIFs must agree to waste, fraud and abuse protections and will be required to make certain representations, warranties and covenants regarding the conduct of their business and compliance with applicable law. They must also provide information to the FDIC in performance of its oversight role.
 
On June 3, 2009, the FDIC announced that the development of the Legacy Loans Program will continue but that a previously planned pilot sale of assets by banks targeted for June 2009 would be postponed. In making the announcement, the FDIC noted that banks have been able to raise capital without having to sell assets through the Legacy Loans Program. In July 2009, the FDIC announced that it had begun the first test using the Legacy Loans Program funding mechanism through the sale of receivership assets.
 
We may acquire residential and commercial mortgage loans with financing under the Legacy Loans Program.
 
The Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility
 
In response to the severe and pervasive disruption, dislocation and illiquidity in the U.S. securitization markets, on March 3, 2009, the U.S. Treasury and Federal Reserve announced the launch of the TALF. The stated objective of the TALF is to catalyze the U.S. securitization markets by providing financing to investors to support their purchases of certain AAA/AAA-rated ABS and CMBS. The creation of the TALF was initially announced on November 25, 2008 by the Federal Reserve, and its proposed terms and conditions were revised several times in anticipation of the first TALF Loan Funding Date on March 25, 2009, and have been further revised several times since that date. The TALF Program is intended to re-open securitization markets by assisting lenders in financing receivables and, in turn, increasing funds available to meet the borrowing needs of consumers, small businesses and commercial property owners. The NY Fed has released multiple updates to TALF that have clarified certain procedural aspects of obtaining TALF loans and expanded the categories of securities eligible for financing under the TALF. Under the TALF, upon satisfaction of certain terms and conditions, the NY Fed will provide $200 billion in non-recourse loans to eligible borrowers if such loans are collateralized by eligible collateral.
 
Initially, eligible collateral included certain U.S. dollar-denominated cash (that is, not synthetic) ABS (but neither CMBS nor RMBS) that have a credit rating in the highest long-term or short-term investment grade rating category from two or more eligible nationally recognized statistical rating organizations, or NRSROs, do not have a credit rating below the highest investment grade rating category from an eligible NRSRO and are not on review or watch for a downgrade, that are issued on or after January 1, 2009 (or January 1, 2008 for certain small business loans) for credit exposures that were predominantly originated relatively recently and that as measured by dollar volume are predominantly issued to U.S. domiciled obligors. The underlying credit exposures of the eligible ABS included auto loans, fleet vehicle loans, student loans, credit card loans, equipment loans, floorplan loans, small business loans fully guaranteed as to principal and interest by the SBA, receivables related to residential mortgage servicing advances (servicing advance receivables) and loans to finance premiums for property and casualty insurance covering commercial property. The Federal Reserve and the U.S. Treasury have announced that plans to expand the TALF to include any additional eligible collateral categories are being held in abeyance, but that such decision may be reconsidered if financial or economic conditions so warrant.


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Any eligible U.S. company that owns TALF-eligible ABS may borrow from the NY Fed under the TALF, provided that the company maintains an account relationship with a TALF agent and enters into a TALF-specific customer agreement with such TALF agent. We believe that certain of the ABS assets that we will acquire may be TALF-eligible collateral.
 
Extensions of credit under the TALF will be non-recourse as between the borrower and the NY Fed, unless the borrower breaches certain representations, warranties or covenants found in the relative customer agreement, or in the master loan and security agreement, between the NY Fed and the TALF agent and will be exempt from margin calls related to a decrease in the underlying collateral value. The loans are pre-payable, in whole or in part, at the option of the borrower, subject to the restrictions on permitted prepayment dates set forth in the Master Loan and Security Agreement and the satisfaction of certain conditions. Under the TALF, the NY Fed will lend to each borrower an amount equal to the lesser of the par or market value of the pledged collateral minus a haircut, which varies based on the type and expected life of the collateral, except that the loan amount for each Legacy CMBS loan will be the lesser of the dollar purchase price on the applicable trade date or the market price as of the subscription date of the TALF loan less, in either case, the applicable haircut (from par). The Federal Reserve and the U.S. Treasury have announced that plans to expand the TALF to include any additional eligible collateral categories are being held in abeyance, but that such decision may be reconsidered if financial or economic conditions so warrant. Unless otherwise provided in the MLSA (under which a TALF borrower will have obligations by virtue of the customer agreement it enters into with a TALF agent), any remittance of principal and certain remittances of interest on eligible collateral must be used immediately to reduce the principal amount of the loan in proportion to the loan’s haircut. However, if certain events of default, credit support depletion events or early amortization events occur with respect to the collateral, all interest and principal received from such collateral will be applied on the related payment date to repay the TALF loan before any amounts are distributed to the TALF borrower. In addition, other than with respect to Legacy CMBS, if the pledged collateral has a market value above par, the TALF borrower will make an additional principal payment calculated to adjust for the average reversion of market value toward par value as the collateral matures. Among other things, a TALF borrower must also agree not to exercise or refrain from exercising any voting, consent or waiver rights under any TALF collateral without the consent of the NY Fed. Further, for five-year TALF loans, the excess of collateral interest distributions over the TALF loan interest payable will be remitted to the borrower only until such excess equals 25% per annum of the haircut amount in the first three loan years, 10% in the fourth loan year, and 5% in the fifth loan year, and the remainder of such excess will be applied to the TALF loan principal. For TALF loans with three-year maturities, the excess of interest distributions from the collateral over the TALF loan interest payable will be remitted to the TALF borrower only until such excess equals 30% per annum of the original haircut amount, with the remainder of such excess applied to the related TALF loan principal. The period under which TALF loans may be made by the NY Fed is expected to terminate on March 31, 2009 for TALF loans secured by ABS and Legacy CMBS and June 30, 2009 for TALF loans secured by new-issue CMBS, but may be further extended.
 
On February 10, 2009, the U.S. Treasury, in conjunction with the Federal Reserve, announced preliminary plans to expand the TALF by up to $800 billion to include newly issued, AAA-rated non-Agency RMBS and CMBS and other asset-backed securities. On March 23, 2009, the U.S. Treasury announced preliminary plans to expand the TALF to include certain highly-rated Legacy CMBS and certain non-Agency RMBS that were originally AAA-rated. On May 1, 2009, the Federal Reserve provided more details as to how the TALF would be expanded to include newly issued CMBS and explained that, beginning in June 2009, the NY Fed would make available up to $100 billion in TALF loans with five-year maturities and that such TALF loans may be secured by, among other things, CMBS issued on or after January 1, 2009. The Federal Reserve further explained that the subscription and settlement cycle for CMBS would occur in the latter part of each month. In the May 1, 2009 press release and subsequent releases, the Federal Reserve stated that, to be eligible for TALF funding, the following conditions must be satisfied with respect to the newly issued CMBS:
 
  •      The CMBS must be collateralized by first-priority mortgage loans or participations therein that are current in payment at the time of securitization;
 
  •      The underlying mortgage loans must be fixed-rate loans that do not provide for interest-only payments during any part of their term;


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  •      The underlying mortgage loans must be secured by one or more income-generating commercial properties located in the United States or one of its territories;
 
  •      The CMBS must be dollar-denominated cash (that is, not synthetic) commercial mortgage-backed pass-through securities;
 
  •      The issuer of the CMBS must not be an agency or instrumentality of the U.S. or a government sponsored enterprise;
 
  •      95% or more of the dollar amount of the credit exposures underlying the CMBS must be exposures that are originated by U.S.-organized entities or institutions or U.S. branches or agencies of foreign banks;
 
  •      The CMBS must be issued on or after January 1, 2009 and the underlying mortgage loans must have been originated on or after July 1, 2008;
 
  •      The underwriting for the CMBS must be prepared generally on the basis of then-current in-place, stabilized and recurring net operating income and then-current property appraisals;
 
  •      The CMBS collateralizing the TALF borrowing must have a credit rating in the highest long-term investment-grade rating category, without the benefit of third party credit support, from at least two CMBS eligible NRSROs and must not have a credit rating below the highest investment-grade rating category from any CMBS eligible NRSRO and not be on watch or review for a downgrade;
 
  •      The CMBS must entitle its holders to payments of principal and interest (that is, must not be an interest-only or principal-only security);
 
  •      The CMBS must bear interest at a pass-through rate that is fixed or based on the weighted average of the underlying fixed mortgage rates;
 
  •      The CMBS collateralizing the TALF borrowing must not be junior to other securities with claims on the same pool of loans;
 
  •      Control over the servicing of the underlying mortgage loans must not be held by investors in a subordinate class of the CMBS once the principal balance of that class is reduced to less than 25% of its initial principal balance as a result of both actual realized losses and “appraisal reduction amounts;” and
 
  •      The NY Fed will retain the right to reject any CMBS as TALF loan collateral based on its risk assessment, regardless of whether such CMBS meets all of the foregoing criteria.
 
The Federal Reserve also described the following loan terms for CMBS collateralizing TALF loans:
 
  •      Each TALF loan secured by CMBS will have a three-year maturity or a five-year maturity, at the election of the borrower;
 
  •      A three-year TALF loan will bear interest at a fixed rate per annum equal to 100 basis points over the three-year LIBOR swap rate. A five-year TALF loan will bear interest at a fixed rate per annum equal to 100 basis points over the five-year LIBOR swap rate; and
 
  •      The collateral haircut for each CMBS with an average life of five years or less will be 15%. For each CMBS with an average life beyond five years, the collateral haircut will increase by one percentage point for each additional year of average life beyond five years. No CMBS may have an average life beyond ten years.


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On May 19, 2009, the Federal Reserve announced that, beginning in July 2009, it would expand the classes of securities eligible for financing through TALF to include certain high quality CMBS issued prior to January 1, 2009, or Legacy CMBS, and announced additional criteria that would apply to TALF loans secured by Legacy CMBS. The terms of the expansion of the TALF to Legacy CMBS include the following:
 
  •      As of the TALF loan subscription date, at least 95% of the properties securing the underlying mortgage loans, by related loan principal balance, must be located in the United States or one of its territories;
 
  •      The Legacy CMBS collateralizing the TALF borrowing must have a credit rating in the highest long-term investment-grade rating category, without the benefit of third party credit support, from at least two CMBS eligible NRSROs and must not have a credit rating below the highest investment grade rating category from any CMBS eligible NRSRO and not be on watch or review for a downgrade;
 
  •      The Legacy CMBS must be dollar-denominated cash (that is, not synthetic) commercial mortgage-backed pass-through securities;
 
  •      The Legacy CMBS must have been purchased from an unrelated party on an arm’s-length basis and at prevailing market prices in a transaction that has occurred since the prior month’s Legacy CMBS loan subscription date;
 
  •      The underlying mortgage loans must be secured by one or more income-generating commercial properties located in the U.S. or one of its territories;
 
  •      The Legacy CMBS must entitle its holders to payments of principal and interest (that is, must not be an interest-only or principal-only security);
 
  •      The Legacy CMBS must bear interest at a pass-through rate that is fixed or based on the weighted average of the underlying fixed mortgage rates;
 
  •      Upon issuance, the Legacy CMBS must not have been junior to other securities with claims on the same pool of loans;
 
  •      Each TALF loan secured by Legacy CMBS will have a three-year maturity or five-year maturity, at the election of the borrower;
 
  •      A three-year TALF loan will bear interest at a fixed rate per annum equal to 100 basis points over the three-year LIBOR swap rate. A five-year TALF loan is expected to bear interest at a fixed rate per annum equal to 100 basis points over the five-year LIBOR swap rate;
 
  •      The amount of the TALF loan for each Legacy CMBS will be the lesser of the dollar purchase price on the trade date or the market price as of the loan subscription date less, in either case, the base dollar haircut (from par). The market price of any Legacy CMBS must not exceed 100%;
 
  •      The base dollar haircut for each CMBS with an average life of five years or less will be 15%. For each CMBS with an average life beyond five years, the base dollar haircut will increase by one percentage point for each additional year of average life beyond five years;
 
  •      For a three-year TALF loan, the excess of collateral interest distributions over the TALF loan interest payable will be remitted to the borrower in each loan year until it equals 30% per annum of the haircut amount, with the remainder applied to TALF loan principal; and
 
  •      The NY Fed will retain the right to reject any CMBS as TALF loan collateral based on its risk assessment.
 
We believe that the expansion of the TALF to include both Legacy and new-issue CMBS may provide us with the ability to gain exposure (through financing vehicles we may form or participate in) to attractively priced non-recourse term borrowings that could be used to purchase both Legacy and new-issue CMBS that


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are eligible for financing through TALF. However, the NY Fed has indicated that PPIFs will only be able to borrow under the TALF to purchase Legacy CMBS if, in addition to meeting all other eligibility requirements, the PPIF has not received Treasury financing equal to more than 50% of the PPIF’s total equity. In such cases, the TALF haircuts will be adjusted upward in order that the combination of Treasury- and TALF-supplied debt will not exceed the total amount of debt that would have been available by leveraging the PPIF equity alone. Specifically, the TALF haircuts will be 50% higher than for other borrowers. Furthermore, many Legacy CMBS have had their ratings downgraded, and at least one rating agency, S&P, has announced that further downgrades are likely in the future, as many commercial property values have declined. As a result, these downgrades may significantly reduce the quantity of Legacy CMBS that are TALF eligible.
 
To date, neither the NY Fed nor the U.S. Treasury has definitively stated whether or how the TALF will be expanded to include non-Agency RMBS as a class of securities eligible for TALF financing. However, on June 4, 2009, William Dudley, president of the NY Fed, indicated that the NY Fed was in the process of assessing whether or not to include non-Agency RMBS as assets eligible to be financed under the TALF and was still in the process of assessing the feasibility and potential impact of such an expansion. However, on August 17, 2009, the U.S. Treasury and the Federal Reserve announced that any further expansion of the types of collateral eligible for TALF financing would be held in abeyance, pending reconsideration based on future economic or financial developments. If and when so expanded to include non-Agency RMBS as collateral eligible for TALF financing, the TALF may provide us with attractively priced non-recourse term borrowing facilities that we can use (through financing vehicles we may form) to purchase non-Agency RMBS. However, there can be no assurance that the TALF will be expanded to include such non-Agency RMBS or, if so expanded, that we will be able to utilize it successfully or at all. The TALF is presently scheduled to make loans secured by ABS and Legacy CMBS through March 31, 2010 for ABS and for CMBS and to make loans secured by new-issue CMBS through June 30, 2009, unless the Federal Reserve agrees to further extend the program for them.
 
In addition to our indirect ownership interest in the AB PPIF, we will seek to gain exposure to other CMBS, RMBS, ABS and other asset classes eligible for TALF financing with borrowings through the TALF, as well as through securitizations and other sources of funding, in each case to the extent available to us.
 
Securitization
 
We intend to seek to enhance the returns on our mortgage loan assets through securitization, which in some cases may be supported by the TALF. To the extent available, we intend to securitize the senior portion, expected to be equivalent to AAA-rated CMBS, while potentially retaining some or all of the subordinate securities in our portfolio of assets. In order to catalyze the securitization market, the TALF is currently expected to continue to provide financing to buyers of certain AAA-rated CMBS. Therefore, we expect to see interest in the credit markets for such financing at a favorable percentage of our cost basis in the relevant assets and, more importantly, at reasonable cost-of-fund levels that would generate a positive net spread and enhance returns for our investors.
 
Repurchase Agreements
 
Repurchase agreements are financings pursuant to which we will sell our target asset classes to the repurchase agreement counterparty, the buyer, for an agreed upon price with the obligation to repurchase these assets from the buyer at a future date and at a price higher than the original purchase price. The amount of financing we will receive under a repurchase agreement is limited to a specified percentage of the estimated market value of the assets we sell to the buyer. The difference between the sale price and repurchase price is the cost, or interest expense, of financing under a repurchase agreement. Under repurchase agreement financing arrangements, which are generally short-term arrangements, the buyer, or lender, could require us to provide additional cash collateral, or a margin call, to re-establish the ratio of value of the collateral to the amount of borrowing.
 
We plan to leverage AllianceBernstein’s and its sub-advisors’ existing relationships with financial intermediaries, including primary dealers, leading investment banks, brokerage firms, commercial banks and


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other repurchase agreement counterparties to execute repurchase agreements for our Agency RMBS portfolio concurrently with or shortly after the closing of this offering.
 
To the extent that we acquire Agency RMBS through TBAs in the future, we may enter into dollar roll transactions using TBAs in which we would sell a TBA and simultaneously purchase a similar, but not identical, TBA. Our ability to enter into dollar roll transactions with respect to TBAs may be limited by the 75% gross income test and asset test applicable to REITs. See “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations — Gross Income Tests” and “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations — Asset Tests.”
 
Other Potential Sources of Financing
 
Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we may in the future also use other sources of financing to fund the acquisition of our target assets, including seller financing, warehouse facilities and other secured and unsecured forms of borrowing. We may also seek to raise further equity capital or issue debt securities in order to fund our future purchases of assets.
 
Risk Management
 
As part of our risk management strategy, our manager may enter into agreements with other parties to actively manage the risks associated with holding a portfolio of our target asset classes, market risk, interest rate risk and financing risk.
 
Credit Risk
 
We believe our strategy will generally identify assets with resilient cash flows and as a result keep our credit losses and financing costs low. However, we will retain the risk of potential credit losses on all of the residential and commercial mortgage loans, as well as the loans underlying the CMBS and non-Agency RMBS we hold. We will seek to manage this risk through our pre-acquisition due diligence process and through the use of non-recourse financing, which would limit our exposure to credit losses to the specific pool of mortgages that are subject to the non-recourse financing and, subject to our maintaining our qualification as a REIT, through the use of derivative financial instruments. In addition, with respect to any particular target asset, we will, among other things, monitor relative valuation, supply and demand trends, shapes of yield curves, prepayment rates, delinquency and default rates, recovery of various sectors and vintage of collateral. AllianceBernstein has developed an array of analytical models over many years combining both proprietary and third-party data. AllianceBernstein’s approach combines quantitative forecasts with fundamental research designed to exploit inefficiencies in fixed income markets. Our manager will rely on these resources of AllianceBernstein, augmented by the services of its sub-advisors.
 
Market Risk Management
 
Risk management is an integral component of our strategy to deliver returns to our stockholders. Because we will acquire mortgage-backed securities, or MBS, losses from prepayment, interest rate volatility or other risks can meaningfully reduce or eliminate our distributions to stockholders. In addition, because we will employ financial leverage in funding our portfolio, mismatches in the maturities of our assets and liabilities can create risk in the need to continually renew or otherwise refinance our liabilities. Our net interest margins will be dependent upon a positive spread between the returns on our asset portfolio and our overall cost of funding. To minimize the risks to our portfolio, we will actively employ portfolio-wide and security-specific risk measurement and management processes in our daily operations. Our manager will rely on AllianceBernstein’s risk management tools which include software and services licensed or purchased from third parties, in addition to proprietary software and analytical methods developed by AllianceBernstein, augmented by the services of its sub-advisors. There can be no guarantee that these tools will protect us from market risks.


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Interest Rate Hedging
 
Subject to maintaining our qualification as a REIT, we may engage in a variety of interest rate management techniques that seek on one hand to mitigate the impact of interest rate changes on the values of some of our assets and on the other hand help us achieve our risk management objective. We may utilize derivative financial instruments including, among others, puts and calls on securities or indices of securities, interest rate swaps, interest rate caps, interest rate swaptions, exchange-traded derivatives, U.S. Treasury securities and options on U.S. Treasury securities and interest rate floors to hedge all or a portion of the interest rate risk associated with the financing of our portfolio of assets. Specifically, we may seek to hedge our exposure to potential interest rate mismatches between the interest we earn on our portfolio assets and our borrowing costs caused by fluctuations in short-term interest rates. In utilizing leverage and interest rate hedges, our objectives will be to improve risk-adjusted returns and, where possible, to lock in, on a long-term basis, a favorable spread between the yield on our assets and the cost of our financing. We will rely on our manager’s (through AllianceBernstein) expertise to manage these risks on our behalf if we engage in these interest rate management techniques. We may implement part of our hedging strategy through a domestic taxable REIT subsidiary, or TRS, which will be subject to U.S. federal income tax and applicable state and local taxes.
 
Under the U.S. federal income tax laws applicable to REITs, we generally will be able to enter into certain transactions to hedge indebtedness that we may incur, or plan to incur, to acquire or carry real estate assets, although our total gross income from interest rate hedges that do not meet this requirement and other non-qualifying income must not exceed 25% of our gross income.
 
We also may engage in a variety of interest rate management techniques that seek to mitigate changes in interest rates or other potential influences on the values of our assets. The U.S. federal income tax rules applicable to REITs may require us to implement certain of these techniques through a domestic TRS that is fully subject to U.S. federal corporate income taxation. Our interest rate management techniques may include:
 
  •      interest rate swap agreements, interest rate cap agreements and swaptions;
 
  •      puts and calls on securities or indices of securities;
 
  •      Eurodollar futures contracts and options on such contracts;
 
  •      U.S. Treasury securities and options on U.S. Treasury securities; and
 
  •      other similar transactions.
 
We expect to attempt to reduce interest rate risks and to minimize exposure to interest rate fluctuations through the use of match funded financing structures, when appropriate, whereby we may seek (1) to match the maturities of our debt obligations with the maturities of our assets and (2) to match the interest rates on our assets with like-kind debt (i.e., we may finance floating rate assets with floating rate debt and fixed-rate assets with fixed-rate debt), directly or through the use of interest rate swap agreements, interest rate cap agreements or other financial instruments, or through a combination of these strategies. We expect these instruments will allow us to minimize, but not eliminate, the risk that we have to refinance our liabilities before the maturities of our assets and to reduce the impact of changing interest rates on our earnings.
 
Policies With Respect to Certain Other Activities
 
If our board of directors determines that additional funding is required, we may raise such funds through additional offerings of equity or debt securities or the retention of cash flow (subject to provisions in the Internal Revenue Code concerning distribution requirements and the taxability of undistributed REIT taxable income) or a combination of these methods. In the event that our board of directors determines to raise additional equity capital, it has the authority, without stockholder approval, to issue additional common stock or preferred stock in any manner and on such terms and for such consideration as it deems appropriate, at any time.


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Given current market conditions and in light of the pre-qualification of AllianceBernstein, together with Greenfield and Rialto as two of its sub-advisors, by the U.S. Treasury as an initial PPIF manager under the U.S. Treasury’s Legacy Securities Program established under the PPIP, we intend to seek to take advantage of available borrowings, if any, under the Legacy Securities Program (through the acquisition of an equity interest in the AB PPIF or one or more Legacy Securities PPIFs that will be sponsored or managed by AllianceBernstein or the sub-advisors or their affiliates), the TALF (directly or through financing vehicles we may form) and other programs established by the U.S. government to finance CMBS and ABS, and to acquire portfolios of commercial mortgage loans. In addition, if and to the extent available at the relevant time, we expect to use traditional forms of financing, such as repurchase agreements, warehouse facilities, seller financing and bank credit facilities (including term loans and revolving facilities). We also may utilize structured financing techniques, such as securitizations, to create attractively priced non-recourse financing at an all-in borrowing cost that is lower than that provided by traditional sources of financing and that provide long-term floating rate financing. Our target asset guidelines and our portfolio and leverage will periodically reviewed by our board of directors as part of their oversight of our manager.
 
As of the date of this prospectus, we do not intend to offer equity or debt securities in exchange for property. We have not in the past but may in the future repurchase or otherwise reacquire our shares.
 
We may, subject to gross income and asset tests necessary for REIT qualification, acquire securities of other REITs, other entities engaged in real estate activities or securities of other issuers.
 
We intend to engage in the purchase and sale of assets. We have not in the past but may in the future make loans to third parties in the ordinary course of business. As of the date of this prospectus, we do not intend to underwrite the securities of other issuers.
 
Our board of directors may change any of these policies at any time without prior notice to you or a vote of our stockholders.
 
Operating and Regulatory Structure
 
REIT Qualification
 
We intend to elect to qualify as a REIT under Sections 856 through 860 of the Internal Revenue Code commencing with our taxable year ending on December 31, 2009. Our qualification as a REIT depends upon our ability to meet on a continuing basis, through actual investment and operating results, various complex requirements under the Internal Revenue Code relating to, among other things, the sources of our gross income, the composition and values of our assets, our distribution levels and the diversity of ownership of our shares. We believe that we have been organized in conformity with the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code and that our intended manner of operation will enable us to meet the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT.
 
So long as we qualify as a REIT, we generally will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax on our REIT taxable income we distribute currently to our stockholders. If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year and do not qualify for certain statutory relief provisions, we will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at regular corporate rates and may be precluded from qualifying as a REIT for the four taxable years following the year during which we lost our REIT qualification. Even if we qualify for taxation as a REIT, we may be subject to certain U.S. federal, state and local taxes on our income or property.
 
1940 Act Exemption
 
We intend to conduct our operations so as not to become required to register as an investment company under the 1940 Act. Because we are a holding company that will conduct our businesses through wholly-owned or majority-owned subsidiaries, the equity securities issued by these subsidiaries that are excepted from the definition of “investment company” under Section 3(c)(1) or Section 3(c)(7) of the 1940 Act, together with any other investment securities we may own, may not have a combined value in excess of 40% of the value of our total assets on an unconsolidated basis, which we refer to as the 40% test. This requirement limits the types of businesses in which we may engage through our subsidiaries.


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Certain of our subsidiaries intend to rely upon the exemption from registration as an investment company under the 1940 Act pursuant to Section 3(c)(5)(C) of the 1940 Act, which is available for entities “primarily engaged in the business of purchasing or otherwise acquiring mortgages and other liens on and interests in real estate.” This exemption generally requires that at least 55% of each such subsidiary’s portfolio must be comprised of qualifying assets and at least another 25% of each of their portfolios must be comprised of real estate-related assets under the 1940 Act (and no more than 20% comprised of non-qualifying or non-real estate related assets). Qualifying assets for this purpose include mortgage loans and other assets, such as whole-pool Agency RMBS, certain mezzanine loans and B-notes and other interests in real estate that the staff of the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC staff, in various no-action letters has determined are the functional equivalent of mortgage loans for the purposes of the 1940 Act. As a result of the foregoing restriction, we will be limited in our ability to make certain investments. We expect each of our subsidiaries relying on Section 3(c)(5)(C) to rely on guidance published by the SEC staff or on our analyses of guidance published with respect to other types of assets to determine which assets are qualifying real estate assets and real estate related-assets. For example, these restrictions will limit the ability of our Section 3(c)(5)(C) subsidiaries to invest directly in mortgage-backed securities that represent less than the entire ownership in a pool of mortgage loans, debt and equity tranches of securitizations and certain ABS and real estate companies or in non-real estate-related assets. To the extent that the SEC staff publishes new or different guidance with respect to these matters, we may be required to adjust our strategy accordingly.
 
We intend to treat investments in construction loans as qualifying real estate assets. With respect to construction loans which are funded over time, we will consider the outstanding balance (i.e., the amount of the loan actually drawn) as a qualified real estate asset. We note that the staff of the SEC has not provided any guidance on the treatment of partially funded loans, and any such guidance may require us to change our strategy.
 
We intend to treat as real estate-related assets non-Agency RMBS, CMBS, debt and equity securities of companies primarily engaged in real estate businesses, agency partial pool certificates and securities issued by pass-through entities of which substantially all of the assets consist of qualifying assets and/or real estate-related assets. Any Legacy Securities PPIF in which we acquire an interest, including the AB PPIF, will likely rely on Section 3(c)(7) for its 1940 Act exemption. As a result, the treatment of our Section 3(c)(5)(C) subsidiaries’ interest in the AB PPIF or any other Legacy Securities PPIF as a real estate-related asset for purposes of the subsidiaries’ Section 3(c)(5)(C) analysis has not been determined. We will discuss with the SEC staff how such interest in the AB PPIF or any Legacy Securities PPIF should be treated for purposes of the subsidiaries’ Section 3(c)(5)(C) analysis. Depending on this determination, we many need to adjust our assets and strategy in order for our subsidiaries to continue to rely on Section 3(c)(5)(C) for their respective 1940 Act exemptions. Any such adjustment is not expected to have a material adverse effect on our business or strategy at this time. Although we intend to monitor our portfolio periodically and prior to each investment acquisition, there can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain this exemption from registration for each of these subsidiaries. If any of our subsidiaries is not able to maintain the exemption under Section 3(c)(5)(C), our interests in such subsidiary would constitute an “investment security” for purposes of determining whether we pass the 40% test. It is anticipated that Legacy Securities PPIFs will not give private investors voluntary withdrawal rights, so if these subsidiaries are not able maintain the exemption under Section 3(c)(5)(C), we may not be able to dispose of such interests in order to pass the 40% test. This may cause us to liquidate other assets at an inopportune time when prices are depressed, which could cause us to incur a loss.
 
We may in the future organize financing subsidiaries that will borrow under the TALF. We expect that these TALF subsidiaries will rely on Section 3(c)(7) for their 1940 Act exemption and, therefore, our interest in each of these TALF subsidiaries would constitute an “investment security” for purposes of determining whether we pass the 40% test.


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To the extent that we organize subsidiaries that rely on Rule 3a-7 for an exemption from the 1940 Act, these subsidiaries will need to comply with the restrictions contained in this Rule. In general, Rule 3a-7 exempts from the 1940 Act issuers that limit their activities as follows:
 
  •      the issuer issues securities the payment of which depends primarily on the cash flow from “eligible assets,” which include many of the types of assets that we expect to acquire in our TALF fundings and that by their terms convert into cash within a finite time period;
 
  •      the securities sold are fixed income securities rated investment grade by at least one rating agency (fixed income securities which are unrated or rated below investment grade may be sold to institutional accredited investors and any securities may be sold to “qualified institutional buyers” and to persons involved in the organization or operation of the issuer);
 
  •      the issuer acquires and disposes of eligible assets (1) only in accordance with the agreements pursuant to which the securities are issued, (2) so that the acquisition or disposition does not result in a downgrading of the issuer’s fixed income securities, and (3) the eligible assets are not acquired or disposed of for the primary purpose of recognizing gains or decreasing losses resulting from market value changes; and
 
  •      unless the issuer is issuing only commercial paper, the issuer appoints an independent trustee, takes reasonable steps to transfer to the trustee an ownership or perfected security interest in the eligible assets and meets rating agency requirements for commingling of cash flows.
 
Any TALF subsidiary also would need to be structured to comply with any guidance that may be issued by the SEC staff on how the TALF subsidiary must be organized to comply with the restrictions contained in Rule 3a-7. In certain circumstances, compliance with Rule 3a-7 may also require, among other things, that the indenture or other instrument governing the subsidiary’s securities include additional limitations on the types of assets the subsidiary may sell or acquire out of the proceeds of assets that mature, are refinanced or otherwise sold, on the period of time during which such transactions may occur and on the level of transactions that may occur. In light of the requirements of Rule 3a-7, our ability to manage assets held in a financing subsidiary that complies with Rule 3a-7 will be limited and we may not be able to purchase or sell assets owned by that subsidiary when we would otherwise desire to do so, which could lead to losses. We expect that the aggregate value of our interests in TALF subsidiaries and other subsidiaries that may in the future seek to rely on Rule 3a-7, if any, will comprise less than 20% of our total assets on an unconsolidated basis.
 
The determination of whether an entity is a majority-owned subsidiary of our company is made by us. The 1940 Act defines a majority-owned subsidiary of a person as a company 50% or more of the outstanding voting securities of which are owned by such person or by another company which is a majority-owned subsidiary of such person. The 1940 Act further defines voting securities as any security presently entitling the owner or holder thereof to vote for the election of directors of a company. We treat companies in which we own at least a majority of the outstanding voting securities as majority-owned subsidiaries for purposes of the 40% test. We have not requested the SEC to approve our treatment of any company as a majority-owned subsidiary and the SEC has not done so. If the SEC were to disagree with our treatment of one or more companies as majority-owned subsidiaries, we would need to adjust our strategy and our assets in order to continue to pass the 40% test. Any such adjustment in our strategy could have a material adverse effect on us.
 
There can be no assurance that the laws and regulations governing the 1940 Act status of REITs, including the Division of Investment Management of the SEC providing more specific or different guidance regarding the treatment of assets as qualifying real estate assets or real estate-related assets, will not change in a manner that adversely affects our operations. To the extent that the SEC staff provides more specific guidance regarding any of the matters bearing upon such exclusions, we may be required to adjust our strategy accordingly. Any additional guidance from the SEC staff could provide additional flexibility to us, or it could further inhibit our ability to pursue the strategies we have chosen. Further, although we intend to monitor our portfolio, there can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain our exclusion from registration as an investment company under the 1940 Act. If we fail to qualify for this exclusion in the future, we could be


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required to restructure our activities or the activities of our subsidiaries, including effecting sales of assets in a manner that, or at a time when, we would not otherwise choose to do so, which could negatively affect the value of our common stock, the sustainability of our business model and our ability to make distributions. The sale could occur during adverse market conditions, and we could be forced to accept a price below that which we believe is appropriate. The loss of our 1940 Act exemption would also permit our manager to terminate the management agreement, in which event the advisory agreement between AllianceBernstein and our manager and the sub-advisory agreements among AllianceBernstein, our manager and each sub-advisor would automatically terminate, which could result in a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.
 
Licensing
 
We may be required to be licensed to purchase and sell previously originated residential mortgage loans in certain jurisdictions (including the District of Columbia) in which we will conduct our business. Our failure to obtain or maintain licenses will restrict our investment options with respect to residential mortgage loans. We may consummate this offering even if we have not yet obtained such licenses. Once we are fully licensed to purchase and sell mortgage loans in each of the states in which we become licensed, we may acquire previously originated residential loans in those states. The state of New York, which is the jurisdiction in which our principal place of business is located, does not require us to be licensed to purchase and sell residential mortgage loans, and we believe that in the jurisdictions that require us to be licensed most of such licenses are generally easily and inexpensively obtainable within a few months following application for the license.
 
Competition
 
In acquiring our portfolio of assets, we will compete with a variety of institutional investors, including AllianceBernstein, its sub-advisors and other REITs, specialty finance companies, public and private funds, commercial and investment banks, commercial finance and insurance companies and other financial institutions. Many of our competitors are substantially larger and have considerably greater financial, technical, marketing and other resources than we do. Other REITs may raise significant amounts of capital and may have objectives that overlap with ours, which may create additional competition for opportunities to acquire assets. Some competitors may have a lower cost of funds and access to funding sources that may not be available to us, such as funding from the U.S. government, if we are not eligible to participate in certain programs (other than the Legacy Securities Program) established by the U.S. government or elect not to participate. Many of the other entities seeking to participate in such programs are more established and may be more qualified, and thus we may not be selected to participate even if we are eligible. In addition, there may be substantial competition to invest in PPIFs and TALF vehicles, including from AllianceBernstein, its sub-advisors and their respective affiliates. There can be no assurance that we will be able to invest in PPIFs and TALF vehicles to the extent we desire, if at all. Many of our competitors are not subject to the operating constraints associated with REIT qualification compliance or maintenance of an exemption from the 1940 Act. As a result of the potentially competing interests of AllianceBernstein and its sub-advisors, we may not be presented with opportunities which may be appropriate for us but that are also appropriate for accounts or investment vehicles managed by AllianceBernstein or its sub-advisors. This will limit the variety of assets that we can consider, thereby increasing the risk of competition on our ability to acquire assets. In addition, some of our competitors may have higher risk tolerances or different risk assessments, which could allow them to consider a wider variety of assets and establish more relationships than us. Furthermore, competition for assets within our target asset classes may lead to the price of such assets increasing, which may further limit our ability to generate desired returns.
 
In the face of this competition, we expect to have access to our manager’s, AllianceBernstein’s and its sub-advisors’ professionals and their industry expertise, which may provide us with a competitive advantage and help us assess investment risks and determine appropriate pricing for certain potential assets. We expect that these relationships will enable us to compete more effectively for attractive opportunities to acquire our portfolio of assets. In addition, we believe that current market conditions may have adversely affected the financial condition of certain competitors. Thus, not having a legacy portfolio may also enable us to compete


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more effectively for attractive opportunities. However, we may not be able to achieve our business goals or expectations due to the competitive risks that we face. For additional information concerning these competitive risks, see “Risk Factors — Risks Related To Our Assets — We will operate in a highly competitive market and competition may limit our ability to acquire desirable assets and could also affect the pricing of these securities.”
 
Staffing
 
We will be managed by our manager pursuant to the management agreement between our manager and us. All of our officers are employees of, or consultants to, our manager or its owners. We will have no employees upon completion of this offering. See “Our Manager and the Management Agreement — Management Agreement.”
 
Legal Proceedings
 
Neither we nor our manager is currently subject to any legal proceedings.


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MANAGEMENT
 
Our Directors, Director Nominees and Executive Officers
 
Currently, we have one director. Upon completion of the offering, our board of directors will be comprised of 10 members when the director nominees identified below and to be identified are added to our board of directors. Our directors will each be elected to serve a term of one year. Our board of directors is expected to determine that each of our independent director nominees satisfy the listing standards of the NYSE for independence. Our bylaws provide that a majority of the entire board of directors may at any time increase or decrease the number of directors. However, unless our charter and bylaws are amended, the number of directors may never be less than the minimum number required by the MGCL nor more than 15.
 
The following sets forth certain information with respect to our directors, director nominees, executive officers and other key personnel:
 
             
Name
 
Age
 
Position Held with Us
 
Peter Kraus
    56     Chairman Nominee
Jonathan Sobel
    42     Chief Executive Officer
Jeffrey S. Phlegar
    43     Chief Investment Officer; Assistant Secretary; Director
Gerald J. Ford
    64     Director Nominee
Eugene A. Gorab
    46     Director Nominee
Jeffrey P. Krasnoff
    54     Director Nominee
Rhodes R. Bobbitt
    59     Independent Director Nominee
Kerry Kennedy
    50     Independent Director Nominee
Jeanette Loeb
    57     Independent Director Nominee
Independent Director Nominee
Independent Director Nominee
Mark D. Gersten
    58     Acting Chief Financial Officer and Secretary
 
Set forth below is biographical information for our directors, current director nominees, executive officers and other key personnel.
 
Directors and Director Nominees
 
Peter Kraus.  Mr. Kraus will serve as chairman of our board of directors beginning upon completion of this offering. Mr. Kraus serves as the Chairman of the Board of the general partner of AllianceBernstein and AllianceBernstein Holding L.P., and as the chief executive officer of each of the general partner of AllianceBernstein, AllianceBernstein and AllianceBernstein Holding L.P. He was elected to these positions on December 19, 2008. Substantially all of the equity interests in AllianceBernstein that are not held (indirectly) by AXA are held by AllianceBernstein Holding L.P., a New York Stock Exchange-listed holding company (NYSE: AB). Mr. Kraus has in-depth experience in the financial markets, including investment banking, asset management and private wealth management. Most recently, he served as an executive vice president, the head of global strategy and a member of the Management Committee of Merrill Lynch & Co. Inc., from September 2008 through December 2008. Prior to joining Merrill, Mr. Kraus spent 22 years with Goldman Sachs Group Inc., where he most recently served as co-head of the Investment Management Division and a member of the Management Committee until his departure in 2008, as well as head of firm-wide strategy and chairman of the Strategy Committee. Mr. Kraus also served as co-head of the Financial Institutions Group. He was named a partner at Goldman in 1994 and managing director in 1996. Mr. Kraus was named a Director of AXA Financial, AXA Equitable, MONY Life Insurance Company (a wholly-owned subsidiary of AXA Financial) and MONY Life Insurance Company of America (a wholly-owned subsidiary of MONY) on February 12, 2009. He is also Chairman of the Investment Committee of Trinity College, Chairman of the Board of Overseers of CalArts, Co-Chair of the Friends of the Carnegie International and a member of the


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board of Young Audiences, Inc., a non-profit organization that works with educational systems, the arts community and private and public sectors to provide arts education to children.
 
Jeffrey S. Phlegar.  Mr. Phlegar serves as our initial director, chief investment officer and assistant secretary, and will serve as the chairman of our manager’s investment committee. In addition, he will serve as AllianceBernstein’s chief investment officer for, and the chairman of AllianceBernstein’s investment policy group for, the AB PPIF. Since 2001, he has been an Executive Vice President of AllianceBernstein and a member of AllianceBernstein’s Executive Committee, a group of senior professionals responsible for managing the firm, enacting key strategic initiatives and allocating resources. He is also responsible for leading the development and management of its new specialized fixed income services. Since July 2008, he has been the Chief Investment Officer of AllianceBernstein’s special situations group. From 2004 to July 2008, Mr. Phlegar served as Co-Head of AllianceBernstein’s Fixed Income division, overseeing the portfolio managers and research analysts responsible for all of AllianceBernstein’s fixed income assets under management across institutional, private-client and mutual fund portfolios worldwide. Prior to becoming Co-Head, he was responsible for the firm’s Core Fixed Income and Liquid Markets portfolios from 1998 to 2004. In 2004, Mr. Phlegar became a member of the Treasury Borrowing Advisory Committee. The Committee’s objective is to advise the Secretary and staff of the Treasury on the financing and management of the Federal debt. Prior to joining the firm in 1988, Mr. Phlegar was a high-grade debt portfolio manager and trader at Equitable Capital from 1988 to 1993, responsible for managing portfolios for regulated insurance entities and offshore investment trusts. He holds an undergraduate degree in business finance from Hofstra University and an MBA in money management from Adelphi University.
 
Gerald J. Ford.  Mr. Ford will serve as a member of our board of directors beginning upon completion of this offering. Mr. Ford is the Chairman of Flexpoint Ford. Mr. Ford is a banking and financial institutions investor who has been involved in numerous mergers and acquisitions of private and public sector financial institutions, primarily in the Southwestern United States, over the past 30 years. In that capacity, he acquired and consolidated 30 commercial banks from 1975 to 1993, forming First United Bank Group, Inc., a multi-bank holding company for which he functioned as Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer until its sale in 1994. During this period, he also led investment consortiums that acquired numerous financial institutions, forming in succession, First Gibraltar Bank, FSB, First Madison Bank, FSB and First Nationwide Bank. Mr. Ford also served as Chairman of the board of directors and Chief Executive Officer of Golden State Bancorp Inc. and its subsidiary, California Federal Bank, FSB, from September 1998 until its sale to Citigroup in 2002. Mr. Ford grew these institutions substantially through acquisitions, including asset acquisitions from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation Resolution Trust Fund. In these institutions, he acquired and operated mortgage banking operations that included portfolio servicing. He currently participates on numerous boards of directors, including Triad Financial SM LLC and Triad Financial Holdings LLC,