10-Q 1 form10q_q3q2012.htm FORM 10-Q 3Q2012 form10q_q3q2012.htm



 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_________________________
 
FORM 10-Q
(Mark one)
 
þ  
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2012
 

OR
 

 
        ¨         TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 

 
For the transition period from _____ to _____
 

_________________________

Commission file number 000-53533
 

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Transocean Logo

Zug, Switzerland
98-0599916
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
   
Chemin de Blandonnet 10
Vernier, Switzerland
1214
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
   
+41 (22) 930-9000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
   

_________________________
 

 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.Yes þ   No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).Yes þ   No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer þ    Accelerated filer ¨    Non-accelerated filer (do not check if a smaller reporting company) ¨    Smaller reporting company ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨   No þ
 

 
As of October 23, 2012, 359,425,927 shares were outstanding.
 
 


TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
INDEX TO FORM 10-Q
QUARTER ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2012
 

 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
 
 


 
PART I.                 FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Financial Statements
 

TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
(In millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

   
Three months ended
September 30,
     
Nine months ended
September 30,
 
   
2012
   
2011
     
2012
   
2011
 
Operating revenues
                                 
Contract drilling revenues
 
$
2,310
   
$
1,827
     
$
6,498
   
$
5,396
 
Other revenues
   
130
     
164
       
420
     
576
 
     
2,440
     
1,991
       
6,918
     
5,972
 
Costs and expenses
                                 
Operating and maintenance
   
1,338
     
1,344
       
4,731
     
3,915
 
Depreciation and amortization
   
280
     
281
       
846
     
821
 
General and administrative
   
69
     
67
       
217
     
200
 
     
1,687
     
1,692
       
5,794
     
4,936
 
Loss on impairment
   
     
       
(210
)
   
 
Gain (loss) on disposal of assets, net
   
50
     
(1
)
     
40
     
(1
)
Operating income
   
803
     
298
       
954
     
1,035
 
                                   
Other income (expense), net
                                 
Interest income
   
15
     
7
       
43
     
27
 
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized
   
(180
)
   
(151
)
     
(543
)
   
(443
)
Other, net
   
(8
)
   
(77
)
     
(32
)
   
(79
)
     
(173
)
   
(221
)
     
(532
)
   
(495
)
Income from continuing operations before income tax expense
   
630
     
77
       
422
     
540
 
Income tax expense
   
104
     
93
       
96
     
211
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations
   
526
     
(16
)
     
326
     
329
 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax
   
(909
)
   
(5
)
     
(994
)
   
116
 
                                   
Net income (loss)
   
(383
)
   
(21
)
     
(668
)
   
445
 
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest
   
(2
)
   
11
       
7
     
34
 
Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interest
 
$
(381
)
 
$
(32
)
   
$
(675
)
 
$
411
 
                                   
Earnings (loss) per share-basic
                                 
Earnings (loss) from continuing operations
 
$
1.47
   
$
(0.08
)
   
$
0.90
   
$
0.92
 
Earnings (loss) from discontinued operations
   
(2.53
)
   
(0.02
)
     
(2.80
)
   
0.36
 
Earnings (loss) per share
 
$
(1.06
)
 
$
(0.10
)
   
$
(1.90
)
 
$
1.28
 
                                   
Earnings (loss) per share-diluted
                                 
Earnings (loss) from continuing operations
 
$
1.47
   
$
(0.08
)
   
$
0.90
   
$
0.92
 
Earnings (loss) from discontinued operations
   
(2.53
)
   
(0.02
)
     
(2.80
)
   
0.36
 
Earnings (loss) per share
 
$
(1.06
)
 
$
(0.10
)
   
$
(1.90
)
 
$
1.28
 
                                   
Weighted-average shares outstanding
                                 
Basic
   
359
     
320
       
354
     
320
 
Diluted
   
359
     
320
       
354
     
320
 

See accompanying notes.
 
- 1 -

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
(In millions)
(Unaudited)


   
Three months ended
September 30,
     
Nine months ended
September 30,
 
   
2012
   
2011
     
2012
   
2011
 
                           
Net income (loss)
 
$
(383
)
 
$
(21
)
   
$
(668
)
 
$
445
 
                                   
Other comprehensive income (loss) before income taxes
                                 
Unrecognized components of net periodic benefit costs
   
(5
)
   
(4
)
     
(32
)
   
(10
)
Unrecognized loss on derivative instruments
   
     
(7
)
     
     
(14
)
Unrealized loss on marketable securities
   
     
(14
)
     
     
(14
)
Recognized components of net periodic benefit costs
   
11
     
7
       
34
     
19
 
Recognized (gain) loss on derivative instruments
   
(3
)
   
3
       
     
8
 
                                   
Other comprehensive income (loss) before income taxes
   
3
     
(15
)
     
2
     
(11
)
Income taxes related to other comprehensive income (loss)
   
1
     
       
(1
)
   
(2
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of income taxes
   
4
     
(15
)
     
1
     
(13
)
                                   
Total comprehensive income (loss)
   
(379
)
   
(36
)
     
(667
)
   
432
 
Total comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest
   
(2
)
   
6
       
7
     
27
 
                                   
Total comprehensive income (loss) attributable to controlling interest
 
$
(377
)
 
$
(42
)
   
$
(674
)
 
$
405
 



See accompanying notes.
 
- 2 -

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
(In millions, except share data)
(Unaudited)


   
September 30,
2012
 
December 31,
2011
Assets
         
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
6,001
   
$
4,017
 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts
of $28 at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011
   
2,163
     
2,176
 
Materials and supplies, net of allowance for obsolescence
of $71 and $59 at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively
   
597
     
529
 
Deferred income taxes, net
   
169
     
142
 
Assets held for sale
   
930
     
26
 
Other current assets
   
444
     
646
 
Total current assets
   
10,304
     
7,536
 
                 
Property and equipment
   
26,567
     
24,833
 
Property and equipment of consolidated variable interest entities
   
817
     
2,252
 
Less accumulated depreciation
   
6,925
     
6,297
 
Property and equipment, net
   
20,459
     
20,788
 
Goodwill
   
2,987
     
3,217
 
Other assets
   
1,562
     
3,491
 
Total assets
 
$
35,312
   
$
35,032
 
                 
Liabilities and equity
               
Accounts payable
 
$
876
   
$
880
 
Accrued income taxes
   
257
     
86
 
Debt due within one year
   
2,701
     
1,942
 
Debt of consolidated variable interest entities due within one year
   
28
     
245
 
Other current liabilities
   
2,839
     
2,375
 
Total current liabilities
   
6,701
     
5,528
 
                 
Long-term debt
   
11,211
     
10,756
 
Long-term debt of consolidated variable interest entities
   
177
     
593
 
Deferred income taxes, net
   
450
     
514
 
Other long-term liabilities
   
1,517
     
1,898
 
Total long-term liabilities
   
13,355
     
13,761
 
                 
Commitments and contingencies
               
Redeemable noncontrolling interest
   
     
116
 
                 
Shares, CHF 15.00 par value, 402,282,355 authorized, 167,617,649 conditionally authorized,
and 373,830,649 and 365,135,298 issued at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively;
359,418,883 and 349,805,793 outstanding at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively
   
5,129
     
4,982
 
Additional paid-in capital
   
7,496
     
7,211
 
Treasury shares, at cost, 2,863,267 held at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011
   
(240
)
   
(240
)
Retained earnings
   
3,399
     
4,180
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
   
(512
)
   
(496
)
Total controlling interest shareholders’ equity
   
15,272
     
15,637
 
Noncontrolling interest
   
(16
)
   
(10
)
Total equity
   
15,256
     
15,627
 
Total liabilities and equity
 
$
35,312
   
$
35,032
 


See accompanying notes.
 
- 3 -

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
(In millions)
(Unaudited)



   
Nine months ended
September 30,
 
Nine months ended
September 30,
   
2012
 
2011
 
2012
 
2011
   
Shares
 
Amount
Shares
                               
Balance, beginning of period
   
350
     
319
   
$
4,982
   
$
4,482
 
Issuance of shares under share-based compensation plans
   
     
1
     
13
     
11
 
Issuance of shares in exchange for noncontrolling interest
   
9
     
     
134
     
 
Balance, end of period
   
359
     
320
   
$
5,129
   
$
4,493
 
Additional paid-in capital
                               
Balance, beginning of period
                 
$
7,211
   
$
7,504
 
Share-based compensation
                   
72
     
74
 
Issuance of shares under share-based compensation plans
                   
(16
)
   
(17
)
Issuance of shares in exchange for noncontrolling interest
                   
233
     
 
Obligation for distribution of qualifying additional paid-in capital
                   
     
(1,017
)
Other, net
                   
(4
)
   
1
 
Balance, end of period
                 
$
7,496
   
$
6,545
 
Treasury shares, at cost
                               
Balance, beginning of period
                 
$
(240
)
 
$
(240
)
Balance, end of period
                 
$
(240
)
 
$
(240
)
Retained earnings
                               
Balance, beginning of period
                 
$
4,180
   
$
9,934
 
Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interest
                   
(675
)
   
411
 
Fair value adjustment of redeemable noncontrolling interest
                   
(106
)
   
 
Balance, end of period
                 
$
3,399
   
$
10,345
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
                               
Balance, beginning of period
                 
$
(496
)
 
$
(332
)
Reclassification from redeemable noncontrolling interest
                   
(17
)
   
 
Other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to controlling interest
                   
1
     
(6
)
Balance, end of period
                 
$
(512
)
 
$
(338
)
Total controlling interest shareholders’ equity
                               
Balance, beginning of period
                 
$
15,637
   
$
21,348
 
Total comprehensive income (loss) attributable to controlling interest
                   
(674
)
   
405
 
Share-based compensation
                   
72
     
74
 
Issuance of shares under share-based compensation plans
                   
(3
)
   
(6
)
Issuance of shares in exchange for noncontrolling interest
                   
367
     
 
Fair value adjustment of redeemable noncontrolling interest
                   
(106
)
   
 
Reclassification from redeemable noncontrolling interest
                   
(17
)
   
 
Obligation for distribution of qualifying additional paid-in capital
                   
     
(1,017
)
Other, net
                   
(4
)
   
1
 
Balance, end of period
                 
$
15,272
   
$
20,805
 
Noncontrolling interest
                               
Balance, beginning of period
                 
$
(10
)
 
$
(8
)
Total comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
                   
(6
)
   
(3
)
Balance, end of period
                 
$
(16
)
 
$
(11
)
Total equity
                               
Balance, beginning of period
                 
$
15,627
   
$
21,340
 
Total comprehensive income (loss)
                   
(680
)
   
402
 
Share-based compensation
                   
72
     
74
 
Issuance of shares under share-based compensation plans
                   
(3
)
   
(6
)
Issuance of shares in exchange for noncontrolling interest
                   
367
     
 
Fair value adjustment of redeemable noncontrolling interest
                   
(106
)
   
 
Reclassification from redeemable noncontrolling interest
                   
(17
)
   
 
Obligation for distribution of qualifying additional paid-in capital
                   
     
(1,017
)
Other, net
                   
(4
)
   
1
 
Balance, end of period
                 
$
15,256
   
$
20,794
 


See accompanying notes.
 
- 4 -

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
(In millions)
(Unaudited)


   
Three months ended
September 30,
     
Nine months ended
September 30,
 
   
2012
   
2011
     
2012
   
2011
 
                           
Cash flows from operating activities
                             
Net income (loss)
 
$
(383
)
 
$
(21
)
   
$
(668
)
 
$
445
 
Adjustments to reconcile to net cash provided by operating activities
                                 
Amortization of drilling contract intangibles
   
(9
)
   
(12
)
     
(32
)
   
(32
)
Depreciation and amortization
   
280
     
281
       
846
     
821
 
Depreciation and amortization of assets in discontinued operations
   
48
     
80
       
182
     
258
 
Share-based compensation expense
   
24
     
20
       
72
     
74
 
Loss on impairment
   
     
       
210
     
 
Loss on impairment of assets in discontinued operations
   
878
     
7
       
913
     
32
 
(Gain) loss on disposal of assets, net
   
(50
)
   
1
       
(40
)
   
1
 
(Gain) loss on disposal of assets in discontinued operations, net
   
1
     
1
       
(70
)
   
(175
)
Amortization of debt issue costs, discounts and premiums, net
   
17
     
33
       
52
     
95
 
Deferred income taxes
   
(61
)
   
(6
)
     
(104
)
   
30
 
Other, net
   
12
     
79
       
47
     
85
 
Changes in deferred revenue, net
   
(64
)
   
(36
)
     
(69
)
   
7
 
Changes in deferred expenses, net
   
51
     
18
       
30
     
(66
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities
   
42
     
47
       
416
     
(353
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
   
786
     
492
       
1,785
     
1,222
 
                                   
Cash flows from investing activities
                                 
Capital expenditures
   
(201
)
   
(124
)
     
(646
)
   
(633
)
Capital expenditures for discontinued operations
   
(24
)
   
(13
)
     
(75
)
   
(37
)
Investment in marketable security
   
     
(199
)
     
     
(199
)
Proceeds from disposal of assets, net
   
178
     
4
       
189
     
12
 
Proceeds from disposal of assets in discontinued operations, net
   
5
     
84
       
196
     
353
 
Payment for settlement of forward exchange contract
   
     
(78
)
     
     
(78
)
Other, net
   
7
     
6
       
32
     
(27
)
Net cash used in investing activities
   
(35
)
   
(320
)
     
(304
)
   
(609
)
                                   
Cash flows from financing activities
                                 
Changes in short-term borrowings, net
   
     
2
       
(260
)
   
58
 
Proceeds from debt
   
1,493
     
       
1,493
     
5
 
Repayments of debt
   
(264
)
   
(23
)
     
(584
)
   
(272
)
Proceeds from restricted cash investments
   
106
     
       
298
     
 
Deposits to restricted cash investments
   
(42
)
   
       
(158
)
   
 
Distribution of qualifying additional paid-in capital
   
     
(254
)
     
(278
)
   
(508
)
Other, net
   
(7
)
   
       
(8
)
   
(4
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
   
1,286
     
(275
)
     
503
     
(721
)
                                   
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
   
2,037
     
(103
)
     
1,984
     
(108
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
   
3,964
     
3,349
       
4,017
     
3,354
 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
6,001
   
$
3,246
     
$
6,001
   
$
3,246
 


See accompanying notes.
 
- 5 -

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
(Unaudited)



 
Note 1—Nature of Business
 
 
Transocean Ltd. (together with its subsidiaries and predecessors, unless the context requires otherwise, “Transocean,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our”) is a leading international provider of offshore contract drilling services for oil and gas wells.  We specialize in technically demanding sectors of the offshore drilling business with a particular focus on deepwater and harsh environment drilling services.  Our mobile offshore drilling fleet is considered one of the most versatile fleets in the world.  We contract our drilling rigs, related equipment and work crews predominantly on a dayrate basis to drill oil and gas wells.  At September 30, 2012, we owned or had partial ownership interests in and operated 82 mobile offshore drilling units associated with our continuing operations.  As of this date, our fleet consisted of 48 High-Specification Floaters (Ultra-Deepwater, Deepwater and Harsh Environment semisubmersibles and drillships), 25 Midwater Floaters, and nine High-Specification Jackups.  Additionally, we owned and operated 32 Standard Jackups and one swamp barge associated with our discontinued operations (see Note 9—Discontinued Operations).  We also had six Ultra-Deepwater drillships and three High-Specification Jackups under construction or under contract to be constructed.  See Note 11—Drilling Fleet.
 
 
We also provide oil and gas drilling management services, drilling engineering and drilling project management services through Applied Drilling Technology Inc., our wholly owned subsidiary, and through ADT International, a division of one of our United Kingdom (“U.K.”) subsidiaries (together, “ADTI”).  ADTI conducts drilling management services primarily on either a dayrate or a completed-project, fixed-price (or “turnkey”) basis.
 
 
Note 2—Significant Accounting Policies
 
 
Basis of presentation—We have prepared our accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S.”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).  Pursuant to such rules and regulations, these financial statements do not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. for complete financial statements.  The condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods.  Such adjustments are considered to be of a normal recurring nature unless otherwise noted.  Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2012 or for any future period.  The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto as of December 31, 2011 and 2010 and for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2011 included in our annual report on Form 10-K filed on February 27, 2012.
 
 
Accounting estimates—To prepare financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S., we are required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and the disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities.  On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates and assumptions, including those related to our allowance for doubtful accounts, materials and supplies obsolescence, property and equipment, investments, notes receivable, goodwill and other intangible assets, income taxes, defined benefit pension plans and other postretirement benefits, contingencies and share-based compensation.  We base our estimates and assumptions on historical experience and on various other factors we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources.  Actual results could differ from such estimates.
 
 
Fair value measurements—We estimate fair value at a price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants in the principal market for the asset or liability.  Our valuation techniques require inputs that we categorize using a three-level hierarchy, from highest to lowest level of observable inputs, as follows: (1) significant observable inputs, including unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets (“Level 1”), (2) significant other observable inputs, including direct or indirect market data for similar assets or liabilities in active markets or identical assets or liabilities in less active markets (“Level 2”), and (3) significant unobservable inputs, including those that require considerable judgment for which there is little or no market data (“Level 3”).  When multiple input levels are required for a valuation, we categorize the entire fair value measurement according to the lowest level of input that is significant to the measurement even though we may have also utilized significant inputs that are more readily observable.
 
 
Consolidation—We consolidate entities in which we have a majority voting interest and entities that meet the criteria for variable interest entities for which we are deemed to be the primary beneficiary for accounting purposes.  We eliminate intercompany transactions and accounts in consolidation.  We apply the equity method of accounting for investments in entities if we have the ability to exercise significant influence over an entity that (a) does not meet the variable interest entity criteria or (b) meets the variable interest entity criteria, but for which we are not deemed to be the primary beneficiary.  We apply the cost method of accounting for investments in other entities if we do not have the ability to exercise significant influence over the unconsolidated entity.  See Note 5—Variable Interest Entities.
 

-  -
 
- 6 -

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)
(Unaudited)


Share-based compensation—Share-based compensation expense was $24 million and $72 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, respectively.  Share-based compensation expense was $20 million and $74 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011, respectively.
 
Capitalized interest—We capitalize interest costs for qualifying construction and upgrade projects.  We capitalized interest costs on construction work in progress of $12 million and $37 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, respectively.  We capitalized interest costs for construction work in progress of $5 million and $30 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011, respectively.
 
 
Reclassifications—We have made certain reclassifications, which did not have an effect on net income, to prior period amounts to conform with the current period’s presentation, including certain reclassifications to our condensed consolidated statements of financial position, results of operations and cash flows to present our operations in the Standard Jackup and swamp barge market sectors, components of our contract drilling service segment, as discontinued operations (See Note 9—Discontinued Operations).  Other reclassifications did not have a material effect on our condensed consolidated statement of financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
 
 
Subsequent events—We evaluate subsequent events through the time of our filing on the date we issue our financial statements.  See Note 20—Subsequent Events.
 
 
Note 3—New Accounting Pronouncements
 
 
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
 
Intangibles-goodwill and other—Effective January 1, 2012, we adopted the accounting standards update that amends the goodwill impairment testing requirements by giving an entity the option to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether the existence of events or circumstances leads to a determination that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount and whether the two-step impairment test is required.  The update is effective for goodwill impairment tests performed for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2011.  Our adoption did not have an effect on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
Fair value measurements—Effective January 1, 2012, we adopted the accounting standards update that requires additional disclosure about fair value measurements that involve significant unobservable inputs, including additional quantitative information about the unobservable inputs, a description of valuation techniques used, and a qualitative evaluation of the sensitivity of these measurements.  Our adoption did not have a material effect on the disclosures contained in our notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
 
Balance sheet—Effective January 1, 2013, we will adopt the accounting standards update that expands the disclosure requirements for the offsetting of assets and liabilities related to certain financial instruments and derivative instruments.  The update requires disclosures to present both gross information and net information for financial instruments and derivative instruments that are eligible for net presentation due to a right of offset, an enforceable master netting arrangement or similar agreement.  The update is effective for interim and annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2013.  We do not expect that our adoption will have a material effect on our condensed consolidated balance sheet or the disclosures contained in our notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
 

 
- 7 -

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)
(Unaudited)



 
Note 4—Correction of Errors in Previously Reported Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
We perform assessments of our contingencies and corresponding assets for insurance recoveries on an ongoing basis to evaluate the appropriateness of our balances and disclosures for such contingencies and insurance recoveries.  We establish liabilities for estimated loss contingencies when we believe a loss is probable and the amount of the probable loss can be reasonably estimated.  We recognize corresponding assets for those loss contingencies that we believe are probable of being recovered through insurance.  In performing these assessments in the three months ended June 30, 2012, we identified an error in our previously issued financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2011 and the three months ended March 31, 2012 related to the recognition of assets for insurance recoveries related to legal and other costs totaling $67 million and $37 million, respectively, which we have concluded should not have been recorded because they were not probable of recovery.
 
 
We assessed the materiality of this error in accordance with SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) No. 99, Materiality and SAB No. 108, Considering the Effects of Prior Year Misstatements when Quantifying Misstatements in Current Year Financial Statements (“SAB 108”), using both the rollover method and the iron curtain method, as defined in SAB 108, and concluded the error, inclusive of other adjustments discussed below, was immaterial to prior years but could be material to the current year.  Under SAB 108, if the prior year error, if corrected in the current year, would be material to the current year, the prior year financial statements should be corrected, even though such correction previously was immaterial to the prior year financial statements.  Correcting prior year financial statements for immaterial errors does not require our previously filed reports to be amended, but rather these corrections will be made the next time we file the prior period consolidated financial statements.
 
 
In addition to the adjustments in 2011 and 2012 related to the assets for insurance recoveries, we recorded other adjustments related to the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 and the three months ended March 31, 2012 to correct for immaterial errors for repair and maintenance costs, income taxes, discontinued operations, and the allocation of net income attributable to noncontrolling interest.  These other adjustments were not previously recorded in the appropriate periods, as we concluded that they were immaterial to our previously issued consolidated financial statements.
 
 
For the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2011, correction of these errors increased income from continuing operations by $35 million and $1 million, respectively, and net income attributable to controlling interest by $39 million and $17 million, respectively.  The summary of adjustments for increases and (decreases) to net income (loss) from continuing operations and net income (loss) attributable to controlling interest for the applicable periods were as follows (in millions):
 
 

 
   
Three months
ended September 30,
2011
   
Nine months
ended September 30,
2011
 
                 
Legal and other costs
 
$
(19
)
 
$
(49
)
Repair and maintenance costs
   
59
     
11
 
Income tax benefit
   
5
     
25
 
Other immaterial adjustments, net
   
(10
)
   
14
 
Net adjustment to income from continuing operations
   
35
     
1
 
Net adjustment to income from discontinued operations, net of tax
   
4
     
 
Net adjustment to net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
   
     
(16
)
Net adjustment to net income attributable to controlling interest
 
$
39
   
$
17
 
 

 
The effects of the corrections of the errors on our consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011 are presented in the tables below.  Previously reported amounts include reclassifications for discontinued operations (see Note 9—Discontinued Operations).  The corrections of the errors had no effect on our consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss) other than the effect of the changes to net income (loss) for each period.  The corrections of the errors had no effect on the previously reported amounts of operating, investing, and financing cash flows in our consolidated statements of cash flows.
 

 
- 8 -

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)
(Unaudited)



 

 
   
Three months ended September 30, 2011
   
Nine months ended September 30, 2011
 
   
Previously reported
   
Adjustments
   
As
adjusted
   
Previously reported
   
Adjustments
   
As
adjusted
 
Operating revenues
                                               
Contract drilling revenues
 
$
1,830
   
$
(3
)
 
$
1,827
   
$
5,399
   
$
(3
)
 
$
5,396
 
Other revenues
   
164
     
     
164
     
576
     
     
576
 
     
1,994
     
(3
)
   
1,991
     
5,975
     
(3
)
   
5,972
 
Costs and expenses
                                               
Operating and maintenance
   
1,377
     
(33
)
   
1,344
     
3,894
     
21
     
3,915
 
Depreciation and amortization
   
281
     
     
281
     
821
     
     
821
 
General and administrative
   
67
     
     
67
     
200
     
     
200
 
     
1,725
     
(33
)
   
1,692
     
4,915
     
21
     
4,936
 
Loss on impairment
   
     
     
     
     
     
 
Gain (loss) on disposal of assets, net
   
(1
)
   
     
(1
)
   
(1
)
   
     
(1
)
Operating income
   
268
     
30
     
298
     
1,059
     
(24
)
   
1,035
 
                                                 
Other income (expense), net
                                               
Interest income
   
7
     
     
7
     
27
     
     
27
 
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized
   
(151
)
   
     
(151
)
   
(443
)
   
     
(443
)
Other, net
   
(77
)
   
     
(77
)
   
(79
)
   
     
(79
)
     
(221
)
   
     
(221
)
   
(495
)
   
     
(495
)
Income from continuing operations before income tax expense
   
47
     
30
     
77
     
564
     
(24
)
   
540
 
Income tax expense
   
98
     
(5
)
   
93
     
236
     
(25
)
   
211
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations
   
(51
)
   
35
     
(16
)
   
328
     
1
     
329
 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax
   
(9
)
   
4
     
(5
)
   
116
     
     
116
 
                                                 
Net income (loss)
   
(60
)
   
39
     
(21
)
   
444
     
1
     
445
 
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest
   
11
     
     
11
     
50
     
(16
)
   
34
 
Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interest
 
$
(71
)
 
$
39
   
$
(32
)
 
$
394
   
$
17
   
$
411
 
                                                 
Earnings (loss) per share-basic
                                               
Earnings (loss) from continuing operations
 
$
(0.19
)
 
$
0.11
   
$
(0.08
)
 
$
0.86
   
$
0.06
   
$
0.92
 
Earnings (loss) from discontinued operations
   
(0.03
)
   
0.01
     
(0.02
)
   
0.36
     
     
0.36
 
Earnings (loss) per share
 
$
(0.22
)
 
$
0.12
   
$
(0.10
)
 
$
1.22
   
$
0.06
   
$
1.28
 
                                                 
Earnings (loss) per share-diluted
                                               
Earnings (loss) from continuing operations
 
$
(0.19
)
 
$
0.11
   
$
(0.08
)
 
$
0.86
   
$
0.06
   
$
0.92
 
Earnings (loss) from discontinued operations
   
(0.03
)
   
0.01
     
(0.02
)
   
0.36
     
     
0.36
 
Earnings (loss) per share
 
$
(0.22
)
 
$
0.12
   
$
(0.10
)
 
$
1.22
   
$
0.06
   
$
1.28
 
 

 

 
- 9 -

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)
(Unaudited)



 
Note 5—Variable Interest Entities
 
 
Consolidated variable interest entities—The carrying amounts associated with our consolidated variable interest entities, after eliminating the effect of intercompany transactions, were as follows (in millions):
 
 
September 30, 2012
   
December 31, 2011
 
 
Assets
   
Liabilities
   
Net carrying amount
   
Assets
   
Liabilities
   
Net carrying amount
 
Variable interest entity
                                             
TPDI
$
   
$
   
$
   
$
1,562
   
$
673
   
$
889
 
ADDCL
 
941
     
313
     
628
     
930
     
334
     
596
 
Total
$
941
   
$
313
   
$
628
   
$
2,492
   
$
1,007
   
$
1,485
 
 

 
Transocean Pacific Drilling Inc. (“TPDI”), a consolidated British Virgin Islands company, met the definition of a variable interest entity for which we were the primary beneficiary.  On May 31, 2012, TPDI became a wholly owned subsidiary, and no longer meets the definition of a variable interest entity.  See Note 16—Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest.
 
 
Angola Deepwater Drilling Company Limited (“ADDCL”), a consolidated Cayman Islands company, is a variable interest entity for which we are the primary beneficiary.  Accordingly, we consolidate the operating results, assets and liabilities of ADDCL.
 
 
Unconsolidated variable interest entities—As holder of two notes receivable and a lender under a working capital loan, we have a variable interest in Awilco Drilling plc (“Awilco”), a U.K. company listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange.  In the three months ended March 31, 2012, Awilco encountered operational downtime, both planned and unplanned, and disputed billings, at which time we reevaluated whether Awilco met the definition of a variable interest entity.  Based on our reevaluation, we determined that Awilco now met the definition of a variable interest entity since its equity at risk is insufficient to permit it to carry on its activities without additional subordinated financial support.  We also continue to believe that we are not the primary beneficiary since we do not have the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance.
 
 
The notes receivable were originally accepted in exchange for and are secured by two drilling units.  The notes receivable have stated interest rates of nine percent and are payable in scheduled quarterly installments of principal and interest through maturity in January 2015.  The working capital loan, also secured by the two drilling units, has a stated interest rate of 10 percent and is payable in scheduled quarterly installments of principal and interest through maturity in January 2013, subject to acceleration under certain conditions.  We evaluate the credit quality and financial condition of Awilco quarterly.  The aggregate carrying amount of the notes receivable was $106 million and $110 million at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.  The aggregate carrying amount of the working capital loan receivable was $5 million and $29 million at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.  At September 30, 2012, our aggregate exposure to loss on these receivable instruments was $111 million.
 
 
Note 6—Business Combination
 
 
As of October 3, 2011, the acquisition date, we held 99 percent of the shares of Aker Drilling ASA (“Aker Drilling”), a Norwegian company formerly listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange, having paid an aggregate amount of NOK 7.9 billion, equivalent to $1.4 billion.  On October 4, 2011, we acquired the remaining noncontrolling interest from holders of Aker Drilling that were required to tender their shares pursuant to Norwegian law.  We believe the acquisition of Aker Drilling enhances the composition of our High-Specification Floater fleet and strengthens our presence in Norway.  In accounting for the business combination, we applied the acquisition method of accounting, recording the assets and liabilities of Aker Drilling at their estimated fair values as of the acquisition date.
 
 
As of October 3, 2011, the acquisition price included the following, measured at estimated fair value: current assets of $323 million, drilling rigs and other property and equipment of $1.8 billion, other assets of $757 million, and the assumption of long-term debt of $1.6 billion and other liabilities of $291 million.  The acquired assets included $901 million of cash investments restricted for the payment of certain assumed debt instruments.  The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair value of net assets acquired was approximately $285 million, which was recorded as goodwill.  We subsequently made adjustments to the estimated fair value of certain assets and liabilities, which are reflected in the amounts noted above, with a corresponding net increase to goodwill in the amount of $12 million.
 
 
In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, our operating revenues included approximately $90 million and $285 million of contract drilling revenues, respectively, associated with the operations of the two Harsh Environment, Ultra-Deepwater semisubmersibles that we acquired in our acquisition of Aker Drilling.
 

 
- 10 -

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)
(Unaudited)



 
Unaudited pro forma combined operating results from continuing operations, assuming the acquisition was completed as of January 1, 2011, were as follows (in millions, except per share data):
 
   
Three months ended September 30,
2011
   
Nine months ended September 30,
2011
 
Operating revenues
 
$
2,099
   
$
6,284
 
Operating income
   
345
     
1,181
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
$
35
   
$
427
 
                 
Per share earnings (loss) from continuing operations
               
Basic
 
$
0.08
   
$
1.23
 
Diluted
 
$
0.08
   
$
1.23
 

 
 
The pro forma financial information includes various adjustments, primarily related to depreciation expense resulting from the fair value adjustments to the acquired property and equipment.  The pro forma information is not necessarily indicative of the results of operations had the acquisition of Aker Drilling been completed on the assumed dates or the results of operations for any future periods.
 
 
Note 7—Impairments
 
 
Definite-lived intangible assets—During the nine months ended September 30, 2012, we determined that the customer relationships intangible asset associated with our drilling management services reporting unit was impaired due to the declining market outlook for these services in the shallow waters of the U.S. Gulf of Mexico as well as the increased regulatory environment for obtaining drilling permits and the diminishing demand for our drilling management services.  We estimated the fair value of the customer relationships intangible asset using the multiperiod excess earnings method, a valuation methodology that applies the income approach.  Our valuation required us to project the future performance of the drilling management services reporting unit based on significant unobservable inputs, representing a Level 3 fair value measurement, including assumptions for future commodity prices, projected demand for our services, rig availability and dayrates.  As a result of our valuation, we determined that the carrying amount of the customer relationships intangible asset exceeded its fair value, and we recognized a loss on impairment of $53 million ($37 million, or $0.10 per diluted share from continuing operations, net of tax) in the nine months ended September 30, 2012.
 
 
Goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets—As a result of our annual impairment test, performed as of October 1, 2011, we determined that the goodwill associated with our contract drilling services reporting unit was impaired due to a decline in projected cash flows and market valuations for this reporting unit.  In the year ended December 31, 2011, we recognized a loss on impairment, representing our best estimate, in the amount of $5.2 billion ($16.15 per diluted share from continuing operations), which had no tax effect.  In the nine months ended September 30, 2012, we completed our analysis and recognized an incremental adjustment to our original estimate in the amount of $118 million ($0.33 per diluted share from continuing operations), which had no tax effect.  We estimated the implied fair value of the goodwill using a variety of valuation methods, including cost, income, and market approaches.  Our valuation required us to project the future performance of our contract drilling services reporting unit based on significant unobservable inputs, representing a Level 3 fair value measurement, including assumptions for future commodity prices, projected demand for our services, rig availability and dayrates.
 
 
During the nine months ended September 30, 2012, we determined that the trade name intangible asset associated with our drilling management services reporting unit was impaired due to the declining market outlook for these services in the shallow waters of the U.S. Gulf of Mexico as well as the increased regulatory environment for obtaining drilling permits and the diminishing demand for drilling management services.  We estimated the fair value of the trade name intangible asset using the relief from royalty method, a valuation methodology that applies the income approach.  Our valuation required us to project the future performance of the drilling management services reporting unit based on significant unobservable inputs, representing a Level 3 fair value measurement, including assumptions for future commodity prices, projected demand for drilling management services, rig availability and dayrates.  As a result of our valuation, we determined that the carrying amount of the trade name intangible asset exceeded its fair value, and we recognized a loss on impairment of $39 million ($25 million, or $0.07 per diluted share from continuing operations, net of tax) in the nine months ended September 30, 2012.
 

 
- 11 -

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)
(Unaudited)



 
Note 8—Income Taxes
 
 
Tax rate—Transocean Ltd., a holding company and Swiss resident, is exempt from cantonal and communal income tax in Switzerland, but is subject to Swiss federal income tax.  At the federal level, qualifying net dividend income and net capital gains on the sale of qualifying investments in subsidiaries are exempt from Swiss federal income tax.  Consequently, Transocean Ltd. expects dividends from its subsidiaries and capital gains from sales of investments in its subsidiaries to be exempt from Swiss federal income tax.
 
 
Our provision for income taxes is based on the tax laws and rates applicable in the jurisdictions in which we operate and earn income.  The relationship between our provision for or benefit from income taxes and our income or loss before income taxes can vary significantly from period to period considering, among other factors, (a) the overall level of income before income taxes, (b) changes in the blend of income that is taxed based on gross revenues rather than income before taxes, (c) rig movements between taxing jurisdictions and (d) our rig operating structures.  Generally, our annual marginal tax rate is lower than our annual effective tax rate.
 
 
The estimated annual effective tax rates for our continuing operations were 20.5 percent and 30.8 percent for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.  These rates were based on estimated annual income before income taxes for each period after adjusting for various discrete items.

 
Deferred taxes—The valuation allowance for our non-current deferred tax assets was as follows (in millions):
 
   
September 30,
2012
   
December 31,
2011
 
Valuation allowance for non-current deferred tax assets
 
$
182
   
$
183
 

 
Unrecognized tax benefits—The liabilities related to our unrecognized tax benefits, including related interest and penalties that we recognize as a component of income tax expense, were as follows (in millions):
 
   
September 30,
2012
   
December 31,
2011
 
Unrecognized tax benefits, excluding interest and penalties
 
$
453
   
$
515
 
Interest and penalties
   
207
     
256
 
Unrecognized tax benefits, including interest and penalties
 
$
660
   
$
771
 

 
We engage in ongoing discussions with tax authorities regarding the resolution of tax matters in the various jurisdictions in which we operate.  Both the ultimate outcome of these tax matters and the timing of any resolution or closure of the tax audits are highly uncertain.  In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, the amount of current tax benefit recognized from the settlement of disputes with tax authorities and from the expiration of statutes of limitations, including interest and penalties, was $2 million and $196 million, respectively.  It is reasonably possible that the total amount of our existing liabilities for unrecognized tax benefit could decrease by up to 20 percent or increase by up to 10 percent in the next 12 months.
 
 
Tax returns—We file federal and local tax returns in several jurisdictions throughout the world.  With few exceptions, we are no longer subject to examinations of our U.S. and non-U.S. tax matters for years prior to 2006.
 
 
Our tax returns in the major jurisdictions in which we operate, other than the U.S., Norway and Brazil which are mentioned below, are generally subject to examination for periods ranging from three to six years.  We have agreed to extensions beyond the statute of limitations in two major jurisdictions for up to 17 years.  Tax authorities in certain jurisdictions are examining our tax returns and in some cases have issued assessments.  We are defending our tax positions in those jurisdictions.  While we cannot predict or provide assurance as to the final outcome of these proceedings, we do not expect the ultimate liability to have a material adverse effect on our consolidated statement of financial position or results of operations, although it may have a material adverse effect on our consolidated cash flows.
 
 
U.S. tax investigations—With respect to our 2004 U.S. federal income tax return, the U.S. tax authorities withdrew all of their previously proposed tax adjustments, including all claims related to transfer pricing.  In January 2012, a judge in the U.S. Tax Court entered a decision of no deficiency for the 2004 tax year and cancelled the trial previously scheduled to take place in February 2012.  With respect to our 2005 U.S. federal income tax returns, the U.S. tax authorities have withdrawn all of their previously proposed tax adjustments.  In May 2010, we received an assessment from the U.S. tax authorities related to our 2006 and 2007 U.S. federal income tax returns.  In July 2010, we filed a protest letter with the U.S. tax authorities responding to this assessment.  The significant issues raised in the assessment relate to transfer pricing for certain charters of drilling rigs between our subsidiaries and the creation of intangible assets resulting from the performance of engineering services between our subsidiaries.  These two items would result in net adjustments of approximately $278 million of additional taxes, excluding interest and penalties.
 

 
- 12 -

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)
(Unaudited)


An unfavorable outcome on these adjustments could result in a material adverse effect on our consolidated statement of financial position, results of operations or cash flows.  We believe our U.S. federal income tax returns are materially correct as filed, and we intend to continue to vigorously defend against all such claims.
 
In addition, the May 2010 assessment included adjustments related to a series of restructuring transactions that occurred between 2001 and 2004.  These restructuring transactions impacted our basis in our former subsidiary, TODCO, which we disposed of in 2004 and 2005.  The authorities are disputing the amount of capital losses that resulted from the disposition of TODCO.  We utilized a portion of the capital losses to offset capital gains on our U.S. federal income tax returns for 2006 through 2009.  The majority of the capital losses were unutilized and expired on December 31, 2009.  The adjustments would also impact the amount of certain net operating losses and other carryovers in 2006 and later years.  The authorities are also contesting the characterization of certain amounts of income received in 2006 and 2007 as capital gain and thus the availability of the capital loss to offset such gains.  These claims with respect to our U.S. federal income tax returns for 2006 through 2009 could result in net tax adjustments of approximately $295 million, excluding interest and penalties.  An unfavorable outcome on these potential adjustments could result in a material adverse effect on our consolidated statement of financial position, results of operations or cash flows.  We believe that our U.S. federal income tax returns are materially correct as filed, and we intend to continue to vigorously defend against any potential claims.
 
 
The May 2010 assessment also included certain claims with respect to withholding taxes and certain other items resulting in net tax adjustments of approximately $160 million, excluding interest.  In addition, the tax authorities assessed penalties associated with the various tax adjustments for the 2006 and 2007 audits in the aggregate amount of approximately $88 million, excluding interest.  An unfavorable outcome on these adjustments could result in a material adverse effect on our consolidated statement of financial position, results of operations and cash flows.  We believe that our U.S. federal income tax returns are materially correct as filed, and we intend to continue to vigorously defend against potential claims.
 
 
In February 2012, we received an assessment from the U.S. tax authorities related to our 2008 and 2009 U.S. federal income tax returns.  The significant issues raised in the assessment relate to transfer pricing for certain charters of drilling rigs between our subsidiaries and the creation of intangible assets resulting from the performance of engineering services between our subsidiaries.  These items would result in net adjustments of approximately $473 million of additional taxes, excluding interest and penalties.  An unfavorable outcome on these adjustments could result in a material adverse effect on our consolidated statement of financial position, results of operations or cash flows.  Furthermore, if the authorities were to continue to pursue these positions with respect to subsequent years and were successful in such assertions, our effective tax rate on worldwide earnings with respect to years following 2009 could increase substantially, and could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated results of operations and cash flows.  We believe our U.S. federal income tax returns are materially correct as filed, and we intend to continue to vigorously defend against all such claims.
 
 
Norway tax investigations—Norwegian civil tax and criminal authorities are investigating various transactions undertaken by our subsidiaries in 2001 and 2002 as well as the actions of certain employees of our former external tax advisors on these transactions.  The authorities issued tax assessments of approximately $116 million, plus interest, related to the migration of a subsidiary that was previously subject to tax in Norway, approximately $70 million, plus interest, related to a 2001 dividend payment, and approximately $7 million, plus interest, related to certain foreign exchange deductions and dividend withholding tax.  We have filed or expect to file appeals to these tax assessments.  We have provided a parent company guarantee in the amount of approximately $118 million with respect to one of these tax disputes.  Furthermore, we may be required to provide some form of additional financial security, in an amount up to $206 million, including interest and penalties, for other assessed amounts as these disputes are appealed and addressed by the Norwegian courts.  The authorities have indicated that they plan to seek penalties of 60 percent on most but not all matters.  In June 2011, the Norwegian authorities issued criminal indictments against two of our subsidiaries alleging misleading or incomplete disclosures in Norwegian tax returns for the years 1999 through 2002, as well as inaccuracies in Norwegian statutory financial statements for the years ended December 31, 1996 through 2001.  The criminal trial has been scheduled for December 2012.  Two employees of our former external tax advisors were also issued indictments with respect to the disclosures in our tax returns.  In October 2011, the Norwegian authorities issued criminal indictments against a Norwegian tax attorney related to certain of our restructuring transactions and to the 2001 dividend payment.  The indicted Norwegian tax attorney worked for us in an advisory capacity on these transactions.  We believe the charges brought against us are without merit and do not alter our technical assessment of the underlying claims.  In January 2012, the Norwegian authorities supplemented the previously issued criminal indictments by issuing a financial claim of approximately $311 million, jointly and severally, against our two subsidiaries, the two external advisors and the external tax attorney.  In February 2012, the authorities dropped the previously existing tax assessment related to a certain restructuring transaction.  In April 2012, the Norwegian tax authorities supplemented the previously issued criminal indictments against our two subsidiaries by extending a criminal indictment against a third subsidiary on the same matter, alleging misleading or incomplete disclosures in Norwegian tax returns for the years 2001 and 2002.  We believe our Norwegian tax returns are materially correct as filed, and we intend to continue to vigorously contest any assertions to the contrary by the Norwegian civil and criminal authorities in connection with the various transactions being investigated.  An unfavorable outcome on the Norwegian civil or criminal tax matters could result in a material adverse effect on our consolidated statement of financial position, results of operations or cash flows.  See Note 20—Subsequent Events.
 

 
- 13 -

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)
(Unaudited)



 
Brazil tax investigations—Certain of our Brazilian income tax returns for the years 2000 through 2004 are currently under examination.  The Brazilian tax authorities have issued tax assessments totaling $98 million, plus a 75 percent penalty in the amount of $73 million and interest through December 31, 2011 in the amount of $146 million.  We believe our returns are materially correct as filed, and we are vigorously contesting these assessments.  On January 25, 2008, we filed a protest letter with the Brazilian tax authorities, and we are currently engaged in the appeals process.  An unfavorable outcome on these proposed assessments could result in a material adverse effect on our consolidated statement of financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
 
 
Other tax matters—We conduct operations through our various subsidiaries in a number of countries throughout the world.  Each country has its own tax regimes with varying nominal rates, deductions and tax attributes.  From time to time, we may identify changes to previously evaluated tax positions that could result in adjustments to our recorded assets and liabilities.  Although we are unable to predict the outcome of these changes, we do not expect the effect, if any, resulting from these assessments to have a material adverse effect on our consolidated statement of financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
 
 
Note 9—Discontinued Operations
 
 
Standard Jackup and swamp barge market sectors—In September 2012, we committed to a strategy to discontinue operations in the Standard Jackup and swamp barge market sectors, components of our contract drilling services operating segment, and to increase our focus on High-Specification Floaters and High-Specification Jackups.  Consistent with our strategy, we committed to a plan to sell 46 Standard Jackups and one swamp barge, representing our entire fleet of rigs in these market sectors.  As a result of our decision, as of September 30, 2012, we reclassified the assets and liabilities associated with this disposal group to assets held for sale and other liabilities for all periods presented, and as of December 31, 2011, we reclassified the assets and liabilities associated with this disposal group to other current assets, other assets and other long-term liabilities.  At September 30, 2012, the aggregate carrying amount of the assets associated with the disposal group was $924 million.  At December 31, 2011, the aggregate carrying amounts of the assets and liabilities associated with the disposal group were $1.9 billion and $33 million, respectively.
 
 
As a result of our decision to discontinue operations associated with these components of our contract drilling services operating segment, we allocated $112 million of goodwill to the disposal group based on the fair value of the disposal group relative to the fair value of the contract drilling services operating segment.  We estimated the implied fair value of the goodwill attributable to the disposal group using a variety of valuation methods, including the income and market approaches.  Our valuation required us to project the future performance of the disposal group and of our contract drilling services reporting unit based on significant unobservable inputs, representing a Level 3 fair value measurement, including assumptions for future commodity prices, projected demand for our services, rig availability and dayrates.
 
 
Disposal transactions with Shelf Drilling—In September 2012, in connection with our strategy to discontinue operations in the Standard Jackup and swamp barge market sectors, we entered into definitive agreements with Shelf Drilling Holdings, Ltd. and certain of its affiliates (“Shelf Drilling”) to sell 37 Standard Jackups, including the Standard Jackup GSF Baltic, which was formerly classified as a High-Specification Jackup, the Standard Jackups C.EThornton, F.GMcClintock, GSF Adriatic I, GSF Adriatic V, GSF Adriatic VI, GSF Adriatic IX, GSF Adriatic X, GSF Compact Driller, GSF Galveston Key, GSF High Island II, GSF High Island IV, GSF High Island V, GSF High Island VII, GSF High Island IX, GSF Key Gibraltar, GSF Key Hawaii, GSF Key Manhattan, GSF Key Singapore, GSF Main Pass I, GSF Main Pass IV, GSF Parameswara, GSF Rig 105, GSF Rig 124, GSF Rig 141, Harvey HWard, J.TAngel, Randolph Yost, Ron Tappmeyer, Transocean Comet, Trident II, Trident VIII, Trident IX, Trident XII, Trident XIV, Trident XV and Trident XVI and the swamp barge Hibiscus, along with related equipment.
 
 
As of September 30, 2012, the aggregate carrying amount of the rigs and related equipment, materials and supplies and other related assets included in the Shelf Drilling disposal transactions was approximately $800 million.  The aggregate sales price associated with the disposal transactions is approximately $1.1 billion, including net cash proceeds of $855 million and non-cash seller financing of $195 million, and the transactions are subject to certain working capital and other adjustments.  The disposal transactions are expected to close in the fourth quarter of 2012.  We have agreed, after the closing of the disposal transactions, to temporarily continue operating certain rigs under operating agreements and to perform other services for Shelf Drilling under a transition services agreement.  Under the transition services agreement, we are required to continue to perform these transition services for a period ranging from nine months to 27 months after the closing.
 
 
For a period of up to three years following the closing of the disposal transactions, we have agreed to provide to Shelf Drilling up to $125 million of financial support by maintaining letters of credit, surety bonds and parent guarantees to guarantee various contract bidding and performance activities associated with the drilling units being sold to Shelf Drilling and in effect at the closing of the disposal transactions.  Included within the $125 million maximum amount, we have agreed to provide up to $65 million of additional financial support, excluding parent guarantees, in connection with any new drilling contracts related to such drilling units.  At September 30, 2012, we had $116 million outstanding letters of credit, issued under our committed and uncommitted credit lines, in support of rigs associated with the Shelf Drilling disposal transactions.  See Note 15—Commitments and Contingencies.
 

 
- 14 -

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)
(Unaudited)



 
The parent company of Shelf Drilling, which will own the drilling units upon closing of the disposal transactions, is a newly formed company sponsored equally by three private equity firms.  The non-cash seller financing consists of perpetual preference shares of the parent company of Shelf Drilling.  The preference shares will be entitled to dividends that are cumulative and payable in-kind at 10 percent per annum, escalating two percent biannually to a maximum of 14 percent but subject to reductions or increases under certain circumstances.  The preference shares are subject to mandatory redemption upon certain specified events, including an initial public offering or change of control of Shelf Drilling.
 
 
As a result of the pending disposal transactions, we increased our liabilities for postemployment obligations and severance payments.  In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, we recognized $20 million of personnel costs, included in the loss on impairment disclosed below, relating to employees and contract labor.  The loss on impairment also included approximately $60 million of costs for required reactivation of one drilling unit after the closing of the disposal transactions and costs to mobilize certain drilling units.
 
 
Disposals of other Standard Jackups—In September 2012, in connection with our strategy to discontinue operations in the Standard Jackup and swamp barge market sectors, we also committed to a plan to sell, within the next 12 months, the remaining nine Standard Jackups, including D.R. Stewart, GSF Adriatic VIII, GSF Rig 103, GSF Rig 127, GSF Rig 134, Interocean III, Trident 17, Trident IV-A and Trident VI.  At September 30, 2012, the nine Standard Jackups and related equipment, materials and supplies and other related assets that were classified as held for sale and unrelated to the Shelf Drilling disposal transactions had an aggregate carrying amount of $124 million.
 
 
Caspian Sea operations—In February 2011, in connection with our efforts to dispose of non-strategic assets, we sold the subsidiary that owns the High-Specification Jackup Trident 20, located in the Caspian Sea.  The disposal of this subsidiary, a component of our contract drilling services segment, reflects our decision to discontinue operations in the Caspian Sea.  Through June 2011, we continued to operate Trident 20 under a bareboat charter to perform services for the customer and the buyer reimbursed us for the approximate cost of providing these services.  Additionally, we provided certain transition services to the buyer through September 2011.
 
 
Oil and gas properties—In March 2011, in connection with our efforts to dispose of non-strategic assets, we engaged an unaffiliated advisor to coordinate the sale of the assets of our oil and gas properties reporting unit, a component of our other operations segment, which comprises the exploration, development and production activities performed by Challenger Minerals Inc. and Challenger Minerals (North Sea) Limited, our wholly owned oil and gas subsidiaries.
 
 
Summarized results of discontinued operations—The summarized results of operations included in income from discontinued operations were as follows (in millions):
 
   
Three months ended
September 30,
   
Nine months ended
September 30,
 
   
2012
   
2011
   
2012
   
2011
 
Operating revenues
 
$
257
   
$
259
   
$
696
   
$
804
 
Operating and maintenance expense
   
(224
)
   
(169
)
   
(656
)
   
(539
)
Depreciation and amortization expense
   
(48
)
   
(80
)
   
(182
)
   
(258
)
Loss on impairment of assets in discontinued operations
   
(878
)
   
(7
)
   
(913
)
   
(32
)
Gain (loss) on disposal of assets in discontinued operations, net
   
(1
)
   
(1
)
   
70
     
175
 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations before income tax expense
   
(894
)
   
2
     
(985
)
   
150
 
Income tax expense
   
(15
)
   
(7
)
   
(9
)
   
(34
)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax
 
$
(909
)
 
$
(5
)
 
$
(994
)
 
$
116
 
 
 
 
Impairments—In September 2012, in connection with our reclassification of the Standard Jackup and swamp barge disposal group to assets held for sale, we determined that the disposal group was impaired since its aggregate carrying amount exceeded its aggregate fair value.  We estimated the fair value of this disposal group by applying a variety of valuation methods, including cost, income, and market approaches to estimate the exit price that would be received for the assets in the principal or most advantageous market for the assets in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date.  Although we based certain components of our valuation on significant other observable inputs, including binding sale and purchase agreements, a significant portion of our valuation required us to project the future performance of the disposal group based on significant unobservable inputs, representing a Level 3 fair value measurement, including assumptions regarding long-term projections for future revenues and costs, dayrates, rig utilization and idle time.  We measured the impairments of the disposal group as the amount by which the carrying amounts exceeded its estimated fair value less costs to sell.  Costs to sell the disposal group included approximately $17 million of legal and financial advisory costs and expenses.  In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, as a result of our valuation, we recognized losses of $744 million ($2.09 per diluted share) and $112 million ($0.31 per diluted share), with no tax effect, associated with the impairment of long-lived assets and the goodwill, respectively.
 

 
- 15 -

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)
(Unaudited)


 
 
 
In the nine months ended September 30, 2012, we also recognized aggregate losses of $29 million ($0.08 per diluted share), which had no tax effect, associated with the impairment of the Standard Jackups GSF Adriatic II and GSF Rig 136, which were classified as assets held for sale at the time of impairment.  In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011, we recognized aggregate losses of $3 million ($0.01 per diluted share from continuing operations), which had no tax effect, and $28 million ($0.08 per diluted share from continuing operations), which had a tax effect of less than $1 million, respectively, associated with the impairment of the Standard Jackups George H. Galloway, GSF Britannia, GSF Labrador and the swamp barge Searex IV, which were classified as assets held for sale at the time of impairment.  We measured the impairments of the drilling units and related equipment as the amount by which the carrying amounts exceeded the estimated fair values less costs to sell.  We estimated the fair value of the assets using significant other observable inputs, representing Level 2 fair value measurements, including binding sale and purchase agreements for the drilling units and related equipment.
 
 
In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, we recognized losses of $2 million, which had no tax effect, and $8 million ($7 million or $0.02 per diluted share, net of tax) associated with the impairment of our oil and gas properties, which were classified as assets held for sale, since the carrying amount of the properties exceeded the estimated fair value less costs to sell the properties.  In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011, we recognized a loss of $4 million ($2 million or $0.01 per diluted share, net of tax) associated with the impairment of our oil and gas properties, which were classified as assets held for sale, since the carrying amount of the properties exceeded the estimated fair value less costs to sell the properties.  We estimated fair value based on significant other observable inputs, representing a Level 2 fair value measurement, including a binding sale and purchase agreement for the properties.
 
 
Disposals—During the nine months ended September 30, 2012, we completed the sales of the Standard Jackups GSF Adriatic II, GSF Rig 136, Roger W. Mowell, Transocean Nordic and Transocean Shelf Explorer, along with related equipment.  During the nine months ended September 30, 2011, we completed the sales of the Standard Jackups George H. Galloway, GSF Britannia, GSF Labrador and Transocean Mercury and the swamp barge Searex IV, along with related equipment.  In connection with the disposal of these assets, in the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, we received aggregate net cash proceeds of $179 million and $94 million, and we recognized a net gains on disposal of these assets in the amount of $64 million ($0.18 per diluted share) and $8 million ($0.03 per diluted share), respectively which had no tax effect in either period.  For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, we recognized losses on disposal of unrelated assets in the amount of $1 million and $6 million, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011, we recognized losses on disposal of unrelated assets in the amount of $2 million.
 
 
In the nine months ended September 30, 2011, in connection with the sale of the High-Specification Jackup Trident 20, we received net cash proceeds of $259 million and recognized a gain on the disposal of the assets of $169 million ($0.51 per diluted share), which had no tax effect.
 
 
In April 2012, we completed the sale of the assets of Challenger Minerals Inc. for net cash proceeds of $7 million, and in May 2012, we received an additional $10 million of cash proceeds from the buyer of Challenger Minerals (North Sea) Limited.  In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, we recognized gains of $1 million and $12 million ($0.03 per diluted share), respectively, which had no tax effect for either period, associated with the disposal of oil and gas properties.
 

 
- 16 -

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)
(Unaudited)



 
Assets and liabilities of discontinued operations—As a result of our decision to discontinue the operations in the Standard Jackups and swamp barge market sectors, the Caspian Sea and the oil and gas exploration and production market, we have classified the related assets and liabilities of these components of our business to other current assets, other assets, other current liabilities and other long-term liabilities as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.  The carrying amounts of the major classes of assets and liabilities associated with these operations were classified as follows (in millions):
 
 

 
   
September 30,
2012
   
December 31,
2011
 
Assets
               
Rigs and related equipment, net
 
$
819
   
$
 
Materials and supplies
   
99
     
 
Oil and gas properties, net
   
6
     
24
 
Other related assets
   
6
     
2
 
Assets held for sale
 
$
930
   
$
26
 
                 
Materials and supplies
 
$
   
$
98
 
Other assets
   
8
     
21
 
Other current assets
 
$
8
   
$
119
 
                 
Rigs and related equipment, net
 
$
   
$
1,745
 
Deferred costs
   
     
42
 
Other assets
 
$
   
$
1,787
 
                 
Liabilities
               
Deferred revenue
 
$
   
$
17
 
Deferred income taxes, net
   
6
     
6
 
Other liabilities
   
3
     
14
 
Other current liabilities
 
$
9
   
$
37
 
                 
Deferred revenue
 
$
   
$
8
 
Deferred income taxes, net
   
     
5
 
Other liabilities
 
$
   
$
13
 
 

 

 
- 17 -

 
TRANSOCEAN LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)
(Unaudited)



 
Note 10—Earnings Per Share
 
 
The numerator and denominator used for the computation of basic and diluted per share earnings from continuing operations were as follows (in millions, except per share data):
 
   
Three months ended September 30,
   
Nine months ended September 30,
 
   
2012
   
2011
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
Basic
   
Diluted
   
Basic
   
Diluted
   
Basic