S-1/A 1 d260250ds1a.htm PRE-EFFECTIVE AMENDMENT NO. 1 TO FORM S-1 Pre-Effective Amendment No. 1 to Form S-1
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As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 14, 2012

Registration No. 333-178212

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

PRE-EFFECTIVE AMENDMENT NO. 1

TO

FORM S-1

REGISTRATION STATEMENT

UNDER

THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

 

 

PROSHARES TRUST II

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   6799   87-6284802
(State of Organization)  

(Primary Standard Industrial

Classification Code Number)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

 

 

Michael L. Sapir

c/o ProShare Capital Management LLC

7501 Wisconsin Avenue

Suite 1000

Bethesda, Maryland 20814

(240) 497-6400

(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

 

 

Copies to:

Anthony A. Lopez III, Esq.

c/o Clifford Chance US LLP

31 West 52nd Street

New York, New York 10019

and

Amy R. Doberman, Esq.

c/o ProShare Capital Management LLC

7501 Wisconsin Avenue

Suite 1000

Bethesda, MD 20814

 

 

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: As promptly as practicable after the effective date of this Registration Statement.

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box.  x

If this form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  ¨

If this form is a post–effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  ¨

If this form is a post–effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one.)

 

Large accelerated filer   x    Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

 

 

 
Title of Securities to be Registered   Proposed Maximum
Aggregate Offering
Price
    Amount of
Registration Fee(1)
 

ProShares Managed Futures Strategy Common Units of Beneficial Interest

  $ 1,000,000      $ 114.60   

ProShares Commodity Managed Futures Strategy Common Units of Beneficial Interest

  $ 1,000,000      $ 114.60   

ProShares Financial Managed Futures Strategy Common Units of Beneficial Interest

  $ 1,000,000      $ 114.60   

TOTAL

  $ 3,000,000      $ 343.80 (2) 

 

 
(1) The amount of the registration fees for the indicated securities have been calculated in reliance upon Rule 457(o) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”).
(2) Previously paid.

 

 

The registrant hereby amends this Registration Statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this Registration Statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until this Registration Statement shall become effective on such date as the Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

 

 

 


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EXPLANATORY NOTE

This Registration Statement on Form S-1 (this “Registration Statement”) of ProShares Trust II (the “Registrant”) is

being filed for purposes of registering the offering of shares of additional series of the Registrant. This Registration

Statement contains a preliminary prospectus that includes three Managed Futures Strategy series of the Registrant.


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The information in this Prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This Prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

Preliminary Prospectus Subject to Completion, dated February 14, 2012

 

LOGO

PROSHARES TRUST II

Common Units of Beneficial Interest

 

Title of Securities to be Registered

 

Benchmark

 

Proposed Maximum Aggregate
Offering Price Per Fund

 

ProShares Managed Futures Strategy (    )

  S&P Dynamic Futures Index     $1,000,000   

ProShares Commodity Managed Futures Strategy (    )

  S&P Dynamic Commodities Futures Index     $1,000,000   

ProShares Financial Managed Futures Strategy (    )

  S&P Dynamic Financial Futures Index     $1,000,000   

ProShares Trust II (the “Trust”) is a Delaware statutory trust organized into separate series. The Trust may from time to time offer to sell common units of beneficial interest (“Shares”) of any or all of the three series of the Trust listed above (each, a “Fund” and collectively, the “Funds”) or other series of the Trust, which represent units of fractional undivided beneficial interest in and ownership of a series of the Trust. Please note that the Trust has series other than those that comprise the Funds. Each Fund’s Shares will be offered on a continuous basis from time to time. The Funds have not, prior to the date of this Prospectus, commenced trading and do not have any performance history. The Shares of each Fund will be listed on the New York Stock Exchange Archipelago (the “NYSE Arca”) under the ticker symbols shown above. The Funds are expected to be offered beginning in the first quarter of 2012.

Although each benchmark is based on an underlying commodity or currency, or on a financial such as U.S. Treasury securities, the Funds do not currently intend to invest directly in any commodity, currency or financial. Rather, the Funds will attempt to gain exposure to the applicable commodity, currency or financial through investments in financial instruments (i.e., commodity-based, currency-based or financial-based instruments whose value is derived from the value of an underlying asset, rate or benchmark including futures contracts and swap agreements).

Each Fund will seek to track the daily performance of its corresponding benchmark, even during periods in which the applicable benchmark is flat or moving in a manner which causes the value of a Fund to decline.

INVESTING IN THE SHARES INVOLVES SIGNIFICANT RISKS. PLEASE REFER TO THE SECTION ENTITLED “RISK  FACTORS” BEGINNING ON PAGE 3.

Each Fund will distribute to shareholders a Schedule K-1 that will contain information regarding the income and expenses of the Fund.

Each Fund will continuously offer and redeem its Shares in blocks of 50,000 Shares (each such block, a “Creation Unit”). Only Authorized Participants may purchase and redeem Shares from a Fund and then only in Creation Units. An Authorized Participant is an entity that has entered into an Authorized Participant Agreement with the Trust and ProShare Capital Management LLC (the “Sponsor”). It is expected that after the date of this Prospectus, the initial Authorized Participant will, subject to certain terms and conditions, make minimum initial purchases of at least two initial Creation Units of 50,000 Shares of each Fund at an initial price per Share of $40.00, equal to $2,000,000 per Creation Unit. The Funds will not commence trading unless and until the initial Authorized Participant effects the minimum initial purchase with respect to such Funds. Following initial purchases by the initial Authorized Participant, Shares of the Funds are offered to Authorized Participants in Creation Units at each Fund’s respective net asset value per Share (“NAV”). Authorized Participants may then offer to the public, from time to time, Shares from any Creation Unit they create at a per-Share market price. The form of Authorized Participant Agreement and the related Authorized Participant Handbook set forth the terms and conditions under which an Authorized Participant may purchase or redeem a Creation Unit. Authorized Participants will not receive from any Fund, the Sponsor, or any of their affiliates, any fee or other compensation in connection with their sale of Shares to the public. An Authorized Participant may receive commissions or fees from investors who purchase Shares through their commission or fee-based brokerage accounts.

These securities have not been approved or disapproved by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) or any state securities commission nor has the SEC or any state securities commission passed upon the accuracy or adequacy of this Prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.


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NEITHER THE TRUST NOR ANY FUND IS A MUTUAL FUND OR ANY OTHER TYPE OF INVESTMENT COMPANY AS DEFINED IN THE INVESTMENT COMPANY ACT OF 1940, AS AMENDED (THE “1940 ACT”), AND NEITHER IS SUBJECT TO REGULATION THEREUNDER.

THE COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION HAS NOT PASSED UPON THE MERITS OF PARTICIPATING IN THIS POOL NOR HAS THE COMMISSION PASSED ON THE ADEQUACY OR ACCURACY OF THIS DISCLOSURE DOCUMENT.

, 2012


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The Shares are neither interests in nor obligations of any of the Sponsor, Wilmington Trust Company (the “Trustee”), or any of their respective affiliates. The Shares are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other governmental agency.

It is anticipated that the initial Authorized Participant will purchase a minimum of two Creation Units of each Fund at a price of $40.00 per Share, equal to $2,000,000 per Creation Unit.

This Prospectus has two parts: the offered series disclosure and the general pool disclosure. These parts are bound together and are incomplete if not distributed together to prospective participants.

COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION

RISK DISCLOSURE STATEMENT

YOU SHOULD CAREFULLY CONSIDER WHETHER YOUR FINANCIAL CONDITION PERMITS YOU TO PARTICIPATE IN A COMMODITY POOL. IN SO DOING, YOU SHOULD BE AWARE THAT COMMODITY INTEREST TRADING CAN QUICKLY LEAD TO LARGE LOSSES AS WELL AS GAINS. SUCH TRADING LOSSES CAN SHARPLY REDUCE THE NET ASSET VALUE OF THE POOL AND CONSEQUENTLY THE VALUE OF YOUR INTEREST IN THE POOL. IN ADDITION, RESTRICTIONS ON REDEMPTIONS MAY AFFECT YOUR ABILITY TO WITHDRAW YOUR PARTICIPATION IN THE POOL.

FURTHER, COMMODITY POOLS MAY BE SUBJECT TO SUBSTANTIAL CHARGES FOR MANAGEMENT AND BROKERAGE FEES. IT MAY BE NECESSARY FOR THOSE POOLS THAT ARE SUBJECT TO THESE CHARGES TO MAKE SUBSTANTIAL TRADING PROFITS TO AVOID DEPLETION OR EXHAUSTION OF THEIR ASSETS. THIS DISCLOSURE DOCUMENT CONTAINS A COMPLETE DESCRIPTION OF EACH EXPENSE TO BE CHARGED THIS POOL, AT PAGES 27 THROUGH 28, AND A STATEMENT OF THE PERCENTAGE RETURN NECESSARY TO BREAK EVEN, THAT IS, TO RECOVER THE AMOUNT OF YOUR INITIAL INVESTMENT, AT PAGE 27.

THIS BRIEF STATEMENT CANNOT DISCLOSE ALL THE RISKS AND OTHER FACTORS NECESSARY TO EVALUATE YOUR PARTICIPATION IN THIS COMMODITY POOL. THEREFORE, BEFORE YOU DECIDE TO PARTICIPATE IN THIS COMMODITY POOL, YOU SHOULD CAREFULLY STUDY THIS DISCLOSURE DOCUMENT, INCLUDING A DESCRIPTION OF THE PRINCIPAL RISK FACTORS OF THIS INVESTMENT, AT PAGES 3 THROUGH 13.

 

 

YOU SHOULD ALSO BE AWARE THAT THIS COMMODITY POOL MAY TRADE FOREIGN FUTURES. TRANSACTIONS ON MARKETS LOCATED OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES, INCLUDING MARKETS FORMALLY LINKED TO A UNITED STATES MARKET, MAY BE SUBJECT TO REGULATIONS WHICH OFFER DIFFERENT OR DIMINISHED PROTECTION TO THE POOL AND ITS PARTICIPANTS. FURTHER, UNITED STATES REGULATORY AUTHORITIES MAY BE UNABLE TO COMPEL THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE RULES OF REGULATORY AUTHORITIES OR MARKETS IN NON-UNITED STATES JURISDICTIONS WHERE TRANSACTIONS FOR THE POOL MAY BE EFFECTED.

 

 

THIS PROSPECTUS DOES NOT INCLUDE ALL OF THE INFORMATION OR EXHIBITS IN THE REGISTRATION STATEMENT OF THE TRUST. INVESTORS CAN READ AND COPY THE ENTIRE REGISTRATION STATEMENT AT THE PUBLIC REFERENCE FACILITIES MAINTAINED BY THE SEC IN WASHINGTON, D.C.

 

 

THE BOOKS AND RECORDS OF THE FUNDS ARE MAINTAINED AS FOLLOWS:

 

   

All marketing materials are maintained at the offices of:

SEI Investments Distribution Co. (“SEI” or the “Distributor”)

1 Freedom Valley Drive

Oaks, Pennsylvania 19456

 

   

Creation Unit creation and redemption books and records, accounting and certain other financial books and records (including Fund accounting records, ledgers with respect to assets, liabilities, capital, income and expenses, the register, transfer journals and related details) and certain trading and related documents received from Futures Commission Merchants (“FCMs”) are maintained at the offices of:

Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. (“BBH&Co.” or the “Custodian”)

50 Milk Street

Boston, Massachusetts 02109


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All other books and records of the Funds (including minute books and other general corporate records, trading records and related reports) are maintained at the Funds’ principal office, c/o ProShare Capital Management LLC, 7501 Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 1000, Bethesda, Maryland 20814. The main business telephone number of each of the Funds and the Sponsor is (240) 497-6400.

 

 

SHAREHOLDERS HAVE THE RIGHT, DURING NORMAL BUSINESS HOURS, TO HAVE ACCESS TO AND COPY (UPON PAYMENT OF REASONABLE REPRODUCTION COSTS) SUCH BOOKS AND RECORDS IN PERSON OR BY THEIR AUTHORIZED ATTORNEY OR AGENT. MONTHLY ACCOUNT STATEMENTS CONFORMING TO THE COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION (“CFTC”) AND THE NATIONAL FUTURES ASSOCIATION (THE “NFA”) REQUIREMENTS ARE POSTED ON THE SPONSOR’S WEBSITE AT WWW.PROSHARES.COM. ADDITIONAL REPORTS MAY BE POSTED ON THE SPONSOR’S WEBSITE AT THE DISCRETION OF THE SPONSOR OR AS REQUIRED BY REGULATORY AUTHORITIES. THERE WILL SIMILARLY BE DISTRIBUTED TO SHAREHOLDERS, NOT MORE THAN 90 DAYS AFTER THE CLOSE OF THE FUNDS’ FISCAL YEAR, CERTIFIED AUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS. THE TAX INFORMATION RELATING TO SHARES OF EACH FUND NECESSARY FOR THE PREPARATION OF SHAREHOLDERS’ ANNUAL FEDERAL INCOME TAX RETURNS WILL ALSO BE DISTRIBUTED.

 

 

THE TRUST WILL FILE QUARTERLY AND ANNUAL REPORTS WITH THE SEC. INVESTORS CAN READ AND COPY THESE REPORTS AT THE SEC PUBLIC REFERENCE FACILITIES IN WASHINGTON, D.C. PLEASE CALL THE SEC AT 1–800–SEC–0330 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.

THE FILINGS OF THE TRUST ARE POSTED AT THE SEC WEBSITE AT WWW.SEC.GOV.

 

 

REGULATORY NOTICES

NO DEALER, SALESMAN OR ANY OTHER PERSON HAS BEEN AUTHORIZED TO GIVE ANY INFORMATION OR TO MAKE ANY REPRESENTATION NOT CONTAINED IN THIS PROSPECTUS, AND, IF GIVEN OR MADE, SUCH OTHER INFORMATION OR REPRESENTATION MUST NOT BE RELIED UPON AS HAVING BEEN AUTHORIZED BY THE TRUST, ANY OF THE FUNDS, THE SPONSOR, THE AUTHORIZED PARTICIPANTS OR ANY OTHER PERSON.

THIS PROSPECTUS DOES NOT CONSTITUTE AN OFFER OR SOLICITATION TO SELL OR A SOLICITATION OF AN OFFER TO BUY, NOR SHALL THERE BE ANY OFFER, SOLICITATION, OR SALE OF THE SHARES IN ANY JURISDICTION IN WHICH SUCH OFFER, SOLICITATION, OR SALE IS NOT AUTHORIZED OR TO ANY PERSON TO WHOM IT IS UNLAWFUL TO MAKE ANY SUCH OFFER, SOLICITATION, OR SALE.

AUTHORIZED PARTICIPANTS MAY BE REQUIRED TO DELIVER A PROSPECTUS WHEN TRANSACTING IN SHARES. SEE “PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION” IN PART TWO OF THIS PROSPECTUS.

 

 


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PROSHARES TRUST II

Table of Contents

 

PART ONE   
OFFERED SERIES DISCLOSURE   

SUMMARY

     1   

Overview

     1   

Purchases and Sales in the Secondary Market, on the NYSE Arca

     2   

Creation and Redemption Transactions

     2   

Breakeven Amounts

     2   

Important Tax Information

     2   

RISK FACTORS

     3   

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

     13   

DESCRIPTION OF THE FUNDS’ INDEXES

     14   

Overview

     14   

Energy’s Short Exemption

     16   

Determining the Long/Short Positioning of the Sectors

     17   

INVESTMENT OBJECTIVES AND PRINCIPAL INVESTMENT STRATEGIES

     19   

Investment Objectives

     19   

Principal Investment Strategies

     19   

PERFORMANCE OF THE OFFERED COMMODITY POOLS OPERATED BY THE COMMODITY POOL OPERATOR

     23   

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

     24   

Liquidity and Capital Resources

     24   

Results of Operations

     24   

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations

     24   

Market Risk

     24   

Credit Risk

     24   

Critical Accounting Policies

     25   

CHARGES

     27   

Breakeven Table

     27   

Organization and Offering Stage

     28   

Operational Stage

     28   

FUTURES COMMISSION MERCHANT

     29   

Litigation and Regulatory Disclosure Relating to the FCMs

     29   

Regulatory Actions

     35   

Margin Levels Expected to be Held at the FCMs

     37   

MATERIAL U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS

     38   

Status of the Funds

     39   

U.S. Shareholders

     40   
PART TWO   
GENERAL POOL DISCLOSURE   

PERFORMANCE OF OTHER COMMODITY POOLS OPERATED BY THE COMMODITY POOL OPERATOR

     48   

USE OF PROCEEDS

     67   

WHO MAY SUBSCRIBE

     68   

CREATION AND REDEMPTION OF SHARES

     68   

Creation Procedures

     69   

Redemption Procedures

     70   

Creation and Redemption Transaction Fee

     71   

Special Settlement

     71   

LITIGATION

     72   

DESCRIPTION OF THE SHARES; THE FUNDS; CERTAIN MATERIAL TERMS OF THE TRUST AGREEMENT

     73   

Description of the Shares

     73   

Principal Office; Location of Records; Fiscal Year

     73   

The Funds

     73   


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The Trustee

     73   

The Sponsor

     74   

Fiduciary and Regulatory Duties of the Sponsor

     76   

Ownership or Beneficial Interest in the Funds

     77   

Management; Voting by Shareholders

     77   

Recognition of the Trust and the Funds in Certain States

     77   

Possible Repayment of Distributions Received by Shareholders

     77   

Shares Freely Transferable

     78   

Book-Entry Form

     78   

Reports to Shareholders

     78   

Net Asset Value (“NAV”)

     78   

Indicative Optimized Portfolio Value (“IOPV”)

     79   

Termination Events

     79   

DISTRIBUTIONS

     79   

THE ADMINISTRATOR

     79   

THE CUSTODIAN

     79   

THE TRANSFER AGENT

     80   

THE DISTRIBUTOR

     81   

Description of SEI

     81   

THE SECURITIES DEPOSITORY; BOOK-ENTRY ONLY SYSTEM; GLOBAL SECURITY

     81   

SHARE SPLITS OR REVERSE SPLITS

     82   

CONFLICT OF INTEREST

     82   

MATERIAL CONTRACTS

     82   

Administrative Agency Agreement

     82   

Custodian Agreement

     82   

Distribution Agreement

     83   

Futures Account Agreement

     83   

PURCHASES BY EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS

     84   

General

     84   

“Plan Assets”

     84   

Ineligible Purchasers

     84   

PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

     86   

Buying and Selling Shares

     86   

Authorized Participants

     86   

Likelihood of Becoming a Statutory Underwriter

     86   

General

     87   

LEGAL MATTERS

     88   

EXPERTS

     88   

WHERE INVESTORS CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

     88   

RECENT FINANCIAL INFORMATION AND ANNUAL REPORTS

     88   

PRIVACY POLICY

     88   

The Trust’s Commitment to Investors

     88   

The Information the Trust Collects About Investors

     89   

How the Trust Handles Investors’ Personal Information

     89   

How the Trust Safeguards Investors’ Personal Information

     89   

INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE OF CERTAIN DOCUMENTS

     89   

INDEX TO FINANCIAL INFORMATION

     F-1   

APPENDIX A — GLOSSARY

     A-1   


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PART ONE: OFFERED SERIES DISCLOSURE

SUMMARY

Investors should read the following summary together with the more detailed information, including under the caption “Risk Factors,” and all exhibits to this Prospectus and the historical information specifically incorporated by reference in this Prospectus, including the financial statements and the notes to those financial statements in the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010, as amended, and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the periods ended March 31, 2011, June 30, 2011 and September 30, 2011, as amended, before deciding to invest in any Shares. Please see the section entitled “Incorporation by Reference of Certain Documents” in Part Two of this Prospectus. For ease of reference, any references throughout this Prospectus to various actions taken by each of the Funds are actually actions that the Trust has taken on behalf of such Funds.

Definitions used in this Prospectus can be found in the Glossary in Appendix A.

THESE POOLS HAVE NOT COMMENCED TRADING AND DO NOT HAVE ANY PERFORMANCE HISTORY.

 

 

Overview

The Funds seek to provide investment results (before fees and expenses) that correspond to the performance of the S&P Dynamic Futures Index (the “DFI” or the “Index”) or to a sub-index of the Index. The Index and its sub-indexes were developed by Standard & Poor’s (“S&P”) and are long/short rules-based investable indexes designed to attempt to capture the economic benefit derived from both rising and declining trends in futures prices. The Index is composed of unleveraged positions in U.S. exchange-traded futures contracts on sixteen different tangible commodities (the “Commodities Futures Contracts”), as well as futures contracts on eight different financials, such as major currencies and U.S. Treasury securities (the “Financials Futures Contracts” and together with the Commodities Futures Contracts, the “Index Components”). The Commodities Futures Contracts and Financials Futures Contracts each comprise separate sub-indexes of the Index: the S&P Dynamic Commodities Futures Index (the “DCFI”) and the S&P Dynamic Financial Futures Index (the “DFFI”), respectively (each a “Sub-Index” and collectively, the “Sub-Indexes”).

Each of the Funds generally will invest in Financial Instruments (i.e., commodity-based, currency-based or financial-based instruments whose value is derived from the value of an underlying asset, rate or benchmark (such asset, rate or benchmark, a “Reference Asset”)), including futures contracts and swap agreements, in order to gain exposure to the applicable commodity index, currency benchmark, commodity or currency.

Each Fund intends to obtain exposure to the Index or a Sub-Index, as applicable, by primarily investing in the Commodities Futures Contracts or Financial Futures Contracts. In the event position accountability rules or position limits are reached with respect to the Commodities Futures Contracts or Financials Futures Contracts, the Sponsor may, in its commercially reasonable judgment, cause such Fund to obtain exposure through swaps whose value is derived from the level of the Index, a Sub-Index, one or more Index Components or, in the case of currency-based Financials Futures Contracts, the exchange rates underlying such Financials Futures Contracts, or invest in other futures contracts or swaps if such instruments tend to exhibit trading prices or returns that correlate with the Index, the Sub-Indexes or any Index Component and will further the investment objective of the Fund. The Funds may also invest in swaps if the market for a specific futures contract experiences emergencies (e.g., natural disaster, terrorist attack or an act of God) or disruptions (e.g., a trading halt or a flash crash) that prevent the Funds from obtaining the appropriate amount of investment exposure to the affected Commodities Futures Contracts or Financials Futures Contracts directly or other futures contracts described above. Each Fund may also hold cash or cash equivalents such as U.S. Treasury securities or other high credit quality short-term fixed-income or similar securities (such as shares of money market funds and collateralized repurchase agreements) for direct investments or as collateral for the Commodities Futures Contracts or Financials Futures Contracts or swap agreements. The Sponsor does not currently intend to invest directly in any commodity or currency.

In seeking to achieve the Funds’ investment objectives, the Sponsor uses a mathematical approach to investing. Using this approach, the Sponsor determines the type, quantity and mix of investment positions that the Sponsor believes in combination should produce daily returns consistent with the Funds’ objectives. The Sponsor relies upon a pre-determined model to generate orders that result in repositioning the Funds’ investments in accordance with their respective investment objective. The mathematical model is engineered during the product development phase prior to a Fund’s launch and is adjusted, when necessary, to coincide with changes to the underlying Index and/or Sub-Index methodology, investment objective changes, and/or changes to current and potential Financial Instruments utilized to achieve investment objectives. Changes to the mathematical model may occur at any time without notice to shareholders.

The Sponsor does not invest the assets of the Funds based on its view of the investment merit of a particular investment, other than for cash management purposes, nor does it conduct conventional research or analysis, or forecast market movement or trends in managing the assets of the Funds. Each Fund generally seeks to remain fully exposed at all times to its Index or Sub-Index, as applicable, without regard to market conditions, trends or direction.

 

-1-


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ProShare Capital Management LLC, a Maryland limited liability company, serves as the Trust’s Sponsor, commodity pool operator and commodity trading advisor. The principal office of the Sponsor and the Funds is located at 7501 Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 1000, Bethesda, Maryland 20814. The telephone number of the Sponsor and each of the Funds is (240) 497-6400.

Purchases and Sales in the Secondary Market, on the NYSE Arca

The Shares of each Fund will be listed on the NYSE Arca under the ticker symbols shown on the front cover of this Prospectus. Secondary market purchases and sales of Shares are subject to ordinary brokerage commissions and charges.

Creation and Redemption Transactions

Only an Authorized Participant may purchase (i.e., create) or redeem Creation Units in the Funds. Creation Units in a Fund are expected to be created when there is sufficient demand for Shares in such Fund that the market price per Share is at a premium to the NAV per Share. Authorized Participants will likely sell such Shares to the public at prices that are expected to reflect, among other factors, the trading price of the Shares of such Fund and the supply of and demand for the Shares at the time of sale and are expected to fall between NAV and the trading price of the Shares at the time of sale. Similarly, it is expected that Creation Units in a Fund will be redeemed when the market price per Share of such Fund is at a discount to the NAV per Share. The Sponsor expects that the exploitation of such arbitrage opportunities by Authorized Participants and their clients and customers will tend to cause the public trading price of the Shares to track the NAV per Share of a Fund closely over time. Retail investors seeking to purchase or sell Shares on any day are expected to effect such transactions in the secondary market at the market price per Share, rather than in connection with the creation or redemption of Creation Units.

A creation transaction, which is subject to acceptance by SEI, generally takes place when an Authorized Participant deposits a specified amount of cash in exchange for a specified number of Creation Units. Similarly, Shares can be redeemed only in Creation Units, generally for cash. Except when aggregated in Creation Units, Shares are not redeemable by the Funds. The prices at which creations and redemptions occur are based on the next calculation of NAV after an order is received in a form described in the Authorized Participant Agreement and the related Authorized Participant Handbook. The manner by which Creation Units are purchased and redeemed is dictated by the terms of the Authorized Participant Agreement and Authorized Participant Handbook. By placing a purchase order, an Authorized Participant agrees to deposit cash with BBH&Co., the custodian of the Funds.

Creation and redemption transactions must be placed each day with SEI by the create/redeem cutoff time (stated below) to receive that day’s NAV.

 

Underlying Index

  

Create/Redeem Cutoff

  

NAV Calculation Time

S&P Dynamic Futures Index    10:45 a.m. (Eastern Time)    3:00 p.m. (Eastern Time)
S&P Dynamic Commodities Futures Index    10:45 a.m. (Eastern Time)    3:00 p.m. (Eastern Time)
S&P Dynamic Financial Futures Index    10:45 a.m. (Eastern Time)    3:00 p.m. (Eastern Time)

Breakeven Amounts

A Fund will be profitable only if returns from the Fund’s investments exceed its “breakeven amount.” Estimated breakeven amounts are set forth in the table below. The estimated breakeven amounts represent the estimated amount of trading income that each Fund would need to achieve during one year to offset the Fund’s estimated fees, costs and expenses, net of any interest income earned by the Fund on its investments. It is not possible to predict whether a Fund will break even at the end of the first twelve months of an investment or any other period. See “Charges—Breakeven Table,” beginning on page 27, for more detailed tables showing Breakeven Amounts.

 

Fund Name

  Breakeven Amount
(% Per Annum of
Average Daily NAV)*
  Assumed
Selling Price
Per Share*
    Breakeven Amount
($ for the Assumed Selling
Price Per Share)*

ProShares Managed Futures Strategy

  0.94   $ 40.00      0.38

ProShares Commodity Managed Futures Strategy

  0.94   $ 40.00      0.38

ProShares Financial Managed Futures Strategy

  0.94   $ 40.00      0.38

 

* The breakeven analysis set forth in this table assumes that the Shares have a constant month end NAV, and assumes that the selling price per Share will equal the NAV. The analysis is based on an assumed NAV per Share of each Fund as listed in the table above under Assumed Selling Price Per Share. The initial price per Share to be paid by the initial Authorized Participants is expected to be $40.00 per Share for each of the Funds. The actual NAV of each Fund will differ after the initial purchases by the initial Authorized Participants and is likely to change on a daily basis.

Important Tax Information

Please note that each Fund will distribute to shareholders a Schedule K-1 that will contain information regarding the income and expense items of the Fund. The Schedule K-1 is a complex form and shareholders may find that preparing tax returns may require additional time or may require the assistance of an accountant or other tax preparer, at an additional expense to the shareholder.

 

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RISK FACTORS

Before investors invest in the Shares, they should be aware that there are various risks. Investors should consider carefully the risks described below together with all of the other information included in this Prospectus, as well as information found in documents incorporated by reference in this Prospectus, before they decide to purchase any Shares. These risk factors may be amended, supplemented or superseded from time to time by risk factors contained in any prospectus supplement or post-effective amendment we file with the SEC in the future.

Historical correlation trends between the Index or the Sub-Indexes and other asset classes may not continue or may reverse, limiting or eliminating any potential diversification or other benefit from owning a Fund.

To the extent that an investor purchases a Fund seeking diversification benefits based on the historic correlation (whether positive or negative) between the returns of the strategies comprising the Index or Sub-Indexes and other asset classes, such historic correlation may not continue or may reverse itself. In this circumstance, the diversification or other benefits sought may be limited or nonexistent.

A Fund’s exposure to commodity or financial futures markets may subject the Fund to greater volatility than investments in traditional securities, which may adversely affect an investor’s investment in that Fund.

Certain Index Components have experienced high volatility in the past. Because the Index and the Sub-Indexes are comprised of the Index Components, the Index and the Sub-Indexes, and by extension, the Funds may be subject to greater volatility than investments in traditional securities.

The level of the Index and Sub-Indexes, and the returns attributable to the Index Components depend on whether a particular sector, and its underlying Index Components, are positioned long or short (or, in the case of energy, long or flat).

The impact of changes in the prices of the Index Components will affect a Fund differently depending upon whether its Index or Sub-Index, as applicable, is long, short or flat a particular sector. Increases in the price of an underlying Index Component will negatively impact a Fund’s performance when the sector for such Index Component is positioned short and decreases in the price of an underlying Index Component will negatively impact a Fund’s performance when the sector for such Index Component is positioned long.

Short positions should be considered to be speculative and could result in the total loss of an investor’s investment.

The Funds may take short positions in the Commodities Futures Contracts or Financials Futures Contracts. Because the holder of a short position is exposed to losses upon any increase in price, and a price increase is potentially unlimited, short positions will expose the Funds to potentially unlimited losses which could result in a total loss of investment.

The Index and Sub-Indexes are based on the Commodities Futures Contracts and Financials Futures Contract prices, not the “spot” price of a Reference Asset (i.e., the underlying commodity, currency or Treasury instrument). The performance of the Commodity Futures Contracts and Financials Futures Contracts may be very different than the performance of the applicable Reference Asset.

The Index and Sub-Indexes are based on the Commodities Futures Contracts and Financials Futures Contract prices, not the “spot” price of any Reference Asset. While prices of futures contracts or other derivative contracts based on futures contracts are related to the prices of the relevant, underlying Reference Asset, they are not always correlated and often can perform very differently. It is possible that during certain time periods, futures contracts will cease to track cash market prices and may be substantially lower or higher than cash market prices for the underlying Reference Asset due to differences in derivative contract terms or as supply, demand or other economic or regulatory factors become more pronounced in either the cash or derivative markets.

Monthly repositioning exposes the Funds to losses in volatile markets.

The Index and Sub-Indexes are designed to capture the economic benefit derived from both rising and declining trends in futures prices. In order to accomplish this, the Index and Sub-Indexes are rebalanced and repositioned, either long or short (or, in the case of Energy, long or flat) monthly. As further described in “Description of the Funds’ Indexes – Determining the Long/Short Positioning of the Sectors,” long positions or short positions in each sector (or, in the case of Energy, long or flat) of the Index or Sub-Indexes are determined based price movements over the past seven months. In volatile markets, this may result in the sectors frequently being repositioned from long to short and vice versa. If the price movements that caused a particular sector to be repositioned subsequently reverse themselves, the Index will be negatively impacted. For example, if the Grains sector is positioned long for the month of March, and the underlying futures contracts decline in price, the Grains sector will experience losses. Depending on the magnitude of the price decline, the Grains sector may reposition itself to short at month end. If, in April, the market reverses and appreciates in price, the Grains sector in the Index will again experience losses, even if the futures contracts underlying the sector overall across both months are flat from a performance perspective. Such activity can cause the Fund to lose more, and possibly significantly more, than an investment focused only on long or short positions in the same futures contracts.

 

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Correlation Risks.

While the Funds expect to meet their investment objectives, there is no guarantee they will do so. Factors that may affect a Fund’s ability to meet its investment objective include: (1) the Sponsor’s ability to purchase and sell Financial Instruments in a manner that correlates to a Fund’s objective; (2) an imperfect correlation between the performance of the Financial Instruments held by a Fund and the performance of the applicable benchmark; (3) bid-ask spreads on such instruments; (4) fees, expenses, transaction costs, financing costs associated with the use of derivatives and commission costs; (5) holding instruments traded in a market that has become illiquid or disrupted; (6) a Fund’s Share prices being rounded to the nearest cent and/or valuation methodologies; (7) changes to a benchmark that are not disseminated in advance; (8) the need to conform a Fund’s portfolio holdings to comply with investment restrictions or policies or regulatory or tax law requirements; (9) early and unanticipated closings of the markets on which the holdings of a Fund trade, resulting in the inability of the Fund to execute intended portfolio transactions; and (10) accounting standards.

Furthermore, the Funds will typically need to allocate assets across many different Index Components. At times when the aggregate NAV of a Fund is lower, it may be more difficult to allocate that Fund’s assets efficiently to gain optimal exposure across all Index Components, which could result in that Fund being under- or over-exposed to the Index Components. In addition, unlike other funds that do not rebalance their portfolios as frequently, each Fund may be subject to increased trading costs associated with monthly portfolio rebalancings in order to maintain appropriate exposure to the components of the Index or Sub-Index. The effects of these trading costs have been estimated and included in the breakeven table. See “Charges – Breakeven Table” below.

Each Fund seeks to provide investment results (before fees and expenses) that correspond to the performance of the Index or Sub-Index at all times, even during periods when the applicable Index or Sub-Index is flat as well as when the applicable Index or Sub-Index is moving in a manner which causes the Fund’s NAV to decline, thereby causing losses to such Fund.

Other than for cash management purposes, the Funds are not actively managed by traditional methods, which typically involve effecting changes in the composition of a portfolio on the basis of judgments relating to economic, financial and market considerations with a view toward obtaining positive results under all market conditions. Rather, the Sponsor seeks to cause the NAV to track the performance of the Index or a Sub-Index in accordance with each Fund’s investment objective, even during periods in which the applicable Index or Sub-Index is flat or moving in a manner which causes the NAV of a Fund to decline. It is possible to lose money over time when the level of the Index or Sub-Index is up.

Risks specific to the Commodities Futures Contracts and Financials Futures Contracts comprising the Index and Sub-Indexes.

Several factors may affect the price of commodities, and, in turn, the Commodities Futures Contracts and related assets, if any, owned by such a Fund, including, but not limited to:

 

   

The recent proliferation of commodity-linked exchange-traded products and their unknown effect on the commodity markets.

 

   

Large purchases or sales of physical commodities by the official sector. Governments and large institutions have large commodities holdings or may establish major commodities positions. For example, a significant portion of the aggregate world gold holdings is owned by governments, central banks and related institutions. Similarly, nations with centralized or nationalized oil production and organizations such as the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries control large physical quantities of crude oil. If one or more of these institutions decides to buy or sell any commodity in amounts large enough to cause a change in world prices, the level of the Index or Sub-Index including that commodity will be affected.

 

   

Other political factors. In addition to the organized political and institutional trading-related activities described above, peaceful political activity such as imposition of regulations or entry into trade treaties, as well as political disruptions caused by societal breakdown, insurrection and/or war may greatly influence commodities prices.

 

   

Significant increases or decreases in the available supply of a physical commodity due to natural or technological factors. Natural factors would include depletion of known cost-effective sources for a commodity or the impact of severe weather on the ability to produce or distribute the commodity. Technological factors, such as increases in availability created by new or improved extraction, refining and processing equipment and methods or decreases caused by failure or unavailability of major refining and processing equipment (for example, shutting down or constructing oil refineries), also materially influence the supply of commodities.

 

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Significant increases or decreases in the demand for a physical commodity due to natural or technological factors. Natural factors would include such events as unusual climatological conditions impacting the demand for energy commodities. Technological factors may include such developments as substitutes for energy or other industrial commodities.

 

   

A significant increase or decrease in commodity hedging activity by commodity producers. Should there be an increase or decrease in the level of hedge activity of commodity producing companies, countries and/or organizations, it could cause a change in world prices of any given commodity, causing the level of the Index or Sub-Index including that commodity to be affected.

 

   

A significant change in the attitude of speculators and investors towards a commodity. Should the speculative community take a negative or positive view towards any given commodity, it could cause a change in world prices of any given commodity, the level of the Index or Sub-Index including that commodity will be affected.

Several factors may affect the value of foreign currencies or the U.S. dollar and, in turn, certain Financials Futures Contracts and related assets, if any, owned by a Fund, including, but not limited to:

 

   

Debt level and trade deficit of the relevant foreign countries;

 

   

Inflation rates of the United States and the relevant foreign countries and investors’ expectations concerning inflation rates;

 

   

Interest rates of the United States and the relevant foreign countries and investors’ expectations concerning interest rates;

 

   

Investment and trading activities of mutual funds, hedge funds and currency funds;

 

   

Global or regional political, economic or financial events and situations; and

 

   

Sovereign action to set or restrict currency conversion.

Several factors may affect the value of U.S. Treasury securities and, in turn, certain Financials Futures Contracts and related assets, if any, owned by a Fund, including, but not limited to:

 

   

Perception of risk, or the lack thereof, in assets other than U.S. Treasury securities;

 

   

Debt level and trade deficit of the United States;

 

   

Inflation rates of the United States and the relevant foreign countries and investors’ expectations concerning inflation rates;

 

   

Interest rates of the United States and the relevant foreign countries and investors’ expectations concerning interest rates;

 

   

Fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar relative to other currencies; and

 

   

Fluctuations in the supply of, and demand for, the underlying U.S. Treasury securities.

These factors interrelate in complex ways, and the effect of one factor on the market value of a Fund may offset or enhance the effect of another factor.

Potential negative impact from rolling futures positions.

The Funds invest in or have exposure to futures contracts and are subject to risks related to rolling. The contractual obligations of a buyer or seller holding a futures contract to expiration may generally be satisfied by taking or making physical delivery of the contract’s underlying Reference Asset or settling in cash as designated in the contract specifications. Alternatively, futures contracts may be closed out prior to expiration by making an offsetting sale or purchase of an identical futures contract on the same or linked exchange before the designated date of delivery. Once this date is reached, the futures contract “expires.” As the futures contracts held by a Fund near expiration, they are generally closed out and replaced by contracts with a later expiration. This process is referred to as “rolling.”

When the market for these contracts is such that the prices are higher in the more distant delivery months than in the nearer delivery months, the sale during the course of the “rolling process” of the more nearby contract would take place at a price that is lower than the price of the more distant contract. This pattern of higher futures prices for longer expiration futures contracts is often referred to as “contango.” Alternatively, when the market for these contracts is such that the prices are higher in the nearer months than in the more distant months, the sale during the course of the “rolling process” of the more nearby contract would take place at a price that is higher than the price of the more distant contract. This pattern of higher futures prices of shorter expiration futures contracts is referred to as “backwardation.”

 

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There have been extended periods in which contango or backwardation has existed in the futures contract markets for various types of futures contracts, and such periods can be expected to occur in the future. The presence of contango in certain Commodities Futures Contracts or Financials Futures Contracts at the time of rolling would be expected to adversely affect long positions held by a Fund and positively affect short positions held by a Fund. Similarly, the presence of backwardation in certain Commodities Futures Contracts or Financials Futures Contracts at the time of rolling such contracts would be expected to adversely affect short positions held by a Fund and positively affect long positions held by a Fund.

Credit and liquidity risks associated with collateralized repurchase agreements.

A portion of each Funds’ assets may be held in cash and/or U.S. Treasury securities, agency securities, or other high credit quality short-term fixed-income or similar securities (such as shares of money market funds and collateralized repurchase agreements). These securities may be used for direct investment or serve as collateral for such Fund’s trading in Financial Instruments, as applicable, and may include collateralized repurchase agreements. Collateralized repurchase agreements involve an agreement to purchase a security and to sell that security back to the original seller at an agreed-upon price. The resale price reflects the purchase price plus an agreed-upon incremental amount which is unrelated to the coupon rate or maturity of the purchased security. As protection against the risk that the original seller will not fulfill its obligation, the buyer receives collateral marked-to-market daily, and maintained at a value at least equal to the sale price plus the accrued incremental amount. Although the collateralized repurchase agreements that the Funds enter into require that counterparties (which act as original sellers) over-collateralize the amount owed to a Fund with U.S. Treasury securities and/or agency securities, there is a risk that such collateral could decline in price at the same time that the counterparty defaults on its obligation to repurchase the security. If this occurs, a Fund may incur losses or delays in receiving proceeds. To minimize these risks, the Funds typically enter into transactions only with large, well-capitalized and well established financial institutions.

Possible illiquid markets may exacerbate losses.

Financial Instruments cannot always be liquidated at the desired price. It is difficult to execute a trade at a specific price when there is a relatively small volume of buy and sell orders in a market. A market disruption can also make it difficult to liquidate a position or find a swap counterparty at a reasonable cost.

Market illiquidity may cause losses for the Funds. The large size of the positions which the Funds may acquire increases the risk of illiquidity by both making their positions more difficult to liquidate and increasing the losses incurred while trying to do so. Any type of disruption or illiquidity will potentially be exacerbated due to the fact that the Funds will typically invest in Commodities Futures Contracts or Financials Futures Contracts related to the Index Components.

 

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It may not be possible to gain exposure to the benchmarks using exchange-traded Financial Instruments in the future.

The Funds generally utilize exchange-traded Commodities Futures Contracts or Financials Futures Contracts. It may not be possible to gain exposure to the benchmarks with these Financial Instruments in the future. If these Financial Instruments cease to be traded on regulated exchanges, they may be replaced with Financial Instruments traded on trading facilities that are subject to lesser degrees of regulation or, in some cases, no substantive regulation. As a result, trading in such Financial Instruments, and the manner in which prices and volumes are reported by the relevant trading facilities, may not be subject to the provisions of, and the protections afforded by, the U.S. Commodity Exchange Act of 1936 (the “CEA”), or other applicable statutes and related regulations, that govern trading on regulated U.S. futures exchanges, or similar statutes and regulations that govern trading on regulated U.K. futures exchanges. In addition, many electronic trading facilities have only recently initiated trading and do not have significant trading histories. As a result, the trading of contracts on such facilities, and the inclusion of such contracts in a benchmark index, may be subject to certain risks not presented by U.S. or U.K. exchange-traded futures contracts, including risks related to the liquidity and price histories of the relevant contracts.

Fees are charged regardless of a Fund’s returns and may result in depletion of assets.

The Funds are subject to the fees and expenses described herein which are payable irrespective of a Fund’s returns. Such fees and expenses include asset-based fees of 0.95% per annum of each Fund’s average daily NAV, as well as the effects of commissions, trading spreads and embedded financing, borrow costs and fees associated with swaps and futures contracts, and costs relating to the purchase of U.S. Treasury securities or similar high credit quality, short-term fixed-income or similar securities. Additional charges may include other fees as applicable.

The policies of S&P and changes that affect the composition and valuation of the Index or the Sub-Indexes could affect the value of an investment in a Fund’s Shares.

The policies of S&P concerning the calculation of the level of the Index or the Sub-Indexes, and any additions, deletions or substitutions of Index Components in the above indexes, respectively, and the manner in which changes affecting the Index Components or futures contracts are reflected in the indexes outlined above, could affect the level of such indexes and, therefore, the value of Fund Shares. S&P can add, delete or substitute the Index Components or make other methodological changes that could change the level of such indexes. The changing of the Index Components may affect the performance of the indexes in similar ways. Additionally, S&P may alter, discontinue or suspend calculation or dissemination of the Index or Sub-Indexes. Any of these actions could adversely affect the value of Fund Shares. S&P has no obligation to consider shareholder interests in calculating or revising the Index or Sub-Indexes. Any of these actions could adversely affect the value of Fund Shares. Calculation of the Index or Sub-Index may not be possible or feasible under certain events or circumstances that are beyond the reasonable control of the Sponsor, which in turn may adversely impact the Index and Sub-Indexes and/or the Shares, as applicable. Additionally, index calculations may be disrupted by rollover disruptions, rebalancing disruptions and/or market emergencies, which may have an adverse effect on the value of the Shares.

The Funds are subject to counterparty risks.

The Funds may use swap agreements as a means to achieve their respective investment objectives when accountability rules or position limits are reached with respect to the Commodities Futures Contracts or Financials Futures Contracts or, in the case of currency-based Financials Futures Contracts, when the exchange rates underlying such Financials Futures Contracts tend to exhibit trading prices or returns that correlate with the Index, the Sub-Indexes or any Index Component. In addition, the Funds may invest in swap agreements if the market for a specific futures contract experiences emergencies (e.g., natural disaster, terrorist attack or an act of God) or disruptions (e.g., a trading halt or a flash crash) that prevent the Funds from obtaining the appropriate amount of investment exposure to the affected Commodities Futures Contracts or Financials Futures Contracts. Although unlikely, the Funds, under these circumstances, could have 100% exposure to swap agreements

Swap agreements are traded over the counter and are essentially unregulated by the CFTC. Investors, therefore, do not receive the protection of CFTC regulation or the statutory scheme of the CEA in connection with each Fund’s swap agreements. The lack of regulation in these markets could expose investors to significant losses under certain circumstances including in the event of trading abuses or financial failure by participants.

Unlike in futures contracts, the counterparty to swap agreements is generally a single bank or other financial institution, rather than a clearing organization backed by a group of financial institutions. As a result, a Fund is subject to credit risk with respect to the amount it expects to receive from counterparties to swaps entered into as part of that Fund’s principal investment strategy. If a counterparty becomes bankrupt or otherwise fails to perform its obligations due to financial difficulties, a Fund could suffer significant losses on these contracts and the value of an investor’s investment in a Fund may decline.

The Funds have sought to mitigate these risks by generally requiring that the counterparties for each Fund agree to post collateral for the benefit of the Fund, marked to market daily. To the extent any such collateral is insufficient or there are delays in accessing the collateral, the Funds will be exposed to counterparty risk as described above, including possible delays in recovering amounts as a result of bankruptcy proceedings. The Funds typically enter into transactions only with large, well-capitalized and well established financial institutions.

 

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Swaps have terms that make them less marketable than futures contracts. Swaps are less marketable because they are not traded on an exchange, do not have uniform terms and conditions, and are generally entered into based upon the creditworthiness of the parties and the availability of credit support, such as collateral, and in general, are not transferable without the consent of the counterparty. Swap agreements may entail breakage costs if terminated prior to the final maturity date.

If the level of the applicable Index or Sub-Index has a dramatic intraday move that would cause a material decline in the Fund’s NAV, the terms of the swap may permit the counterparty to immediately close out the transaction with the Fund. In that event, it may not be possible for the Fund to enter into another swap agreement or to invest in other Financial Instruments necessary to achieve the desired exposure consistent with the Fund’s objective. This, in turn, may prevent the Fund from achieving its investment objective, particularly if the level of the applicable Index or Sub-Index reverses all or part of its intraday move by the end of the day.

As of the date of this prospectus, the Funds’ counterparties for swaps are: UBS AG, Goldman Sachs International and Soceiete Generale. The Sponsor regularly reviews the performance of its counterparties for, inter alia, creditworthiness and execution quality. In addition, the Sponsor periodically considers the addition of new counterparties. Thus, the list of counterparties noted above may change at any time. See page 19 for more information about the Funds’ swaps. Each day, the Funds disclose their portfolio holdings as of the prior Business Day (as such term is defined in “Creation Procedures” below). Beginning on or around April 1, 2012, each Fund’s portfolio holdings will include the names of each of its swap contract counterparties. This portfolio holdings information may be accessed through the web on the Sponsor’s website at www.proshares.com.

More information about UBS AG, a Swiss Bank, including its current financial statements, may be found on the SEC’s EDGAR website under Central Index Key No (“CIK No.”) 0001114446 (for UBS AG). More information about Goldman Sachs International, a U.K. broker-dealer and subsidiary of The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc., may also be found on the SEC’s EDGAR website under CIK No. 0000886982 (for The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc.). The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. consolidates the financial statements of each of its subsidiaries, including Goldman Sachs International, with its own. More information about Societe Generale, a French public limited company, including its current financial statements as filed with the AMF (the French securities regulator), may be found on Societe Generale’s website. Each counterparty and/or any of its affiliates may be an Authorized Participant or shareholder of a Fund.

The Funds have no operating history and, as a result, investors have no performance history to serve as a factor for evaluating an investment in the Funds.

The Funds have no performance history upon which to evaluate an investor’s investment in the Funds. Although past performance is not necessarily indicative of future results, if the Funds had any performance history, such performance history might (or might not) provide investors with more information on which to evaluate an investment in the Funds. Likewise, the Index and Sub-Indexes have a limited history which might (or might not) provide investors with more information on which to evaluate an investment in the Funds.

Investors cannot be assured of the Sponsor’s continued services, the discontinuance of which may be detrimental to the Funds.

Investors cannot be assured that the Sponsor will be able to continue to service the Funds for any length of time. If the Sponsor discontinues its activities on behalf of the Funds, the Funds may be adversely affected, as there may be no entity servicing the Funds for a period of time. If the Sponsor’s registrations with the CFTC or memberships in the NFA were revoked or suspended, the Sponsor would no longer be able to provide services and/or to render trading advice to the Funds. As the Funds themselves are not registered with the CFTC in any capacity, if the Sponsor were unable to provide services and/or trading advice to the Funds, the Funds would be unable to pursue their investment objectives unless and until the Sponsor’s ability to provide services and trading advice to the Funds was reinstated or a replacement for the Sponsor as commodity pool operator and/or commodity trading advisor could be found. Such an event could result in termination of the Funds.

The lack of active trading markets for the Shares of the Funds may result in losses on investors’ investments at the time of disposition of Shares.

Although the Shares of the Funds will be listed and traded on the NYSE Arca, there can be no guarantee that an active trading market for the Shares of the Funds will develop or be maintained. If investors need to sell their Shares at a time when no active market for them exists, the price investors receive for their Shares, assuming that investors are able to sell them, likely will be lower than the price that investors would receive if an active market did exist.

Investors may be adversely affected by redemption or creation orders that are subject to postponement, suspension or rejection under certain circumstances.

A Fund may, in its discretion, suspend the right of creation or redemption or may postpone the redemption or purchase settlement date, for (1) any period during which the NYSE Arca, New York Stock Exchange Incorporated (“NYSE”), Chicago Board Options Exchange (“CBOE”), CBOE Futures Exchange (“CFE”) or any other exchange, marketplace or trading center, deemed to affect the normal operations of the Funds, is closed, or when trading is restricted or suspended or restricted on such exchanges in any of the Funds’ Commodities Futures Contracts or Financials Futures Contracts, (2) any period during which an emergency exists as a result of which the fulfillment of a purchase order or the redemption distribution is not reasonably practicable, or (3) such other period as the Sponsor determines to be necessary for the protection of the shareholders of the Funds. In addition, a Fund will reject a redemption order if the order is not in proper form as described in the Authorized Participant Agreement or if the fulfillment of the order might be unlawful. Any such postponement, suspension or rejection could adversely affect a redeeming Authorized Participant. For example, the resulting delay may adversely affect the value of the Authorized Participant’s redemption proceeds if the NAV of a Fund declines during the period of delay. The Funds disclaim any liability for any loss or damage that may result from any such suspension or postponement. Suspension of creation privileges may adversely impact how the Shares are traded and arbitraged on the NYSE Arca, which could cause them to trade at levels materially different (premiums and discounts) from the fair value of their underlying holdings.

 

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The NAV may not always correspond to market price and, as a result, investors may be adversely affected by the creation or redemption of Creation Units at a value that differs from the market price of the Shares.

The NAV per Share of a Fund changes as fluctuations occur in the market value of a Fund’s portfolio. Investors should be aware that the public trading price of a number of Shares of a Fund otherwise amounting to a Creation Unit may be different from the NAV of an actual Creation Unit (i.e., 50,000 individual Shares may trade at a premium over, or a discount to, NAV of a Creation Unit of a Fund), and similarly, the public trading price per Share of a Fund may be different from the NAV per Share of the Fund. Consequently, an Authorized Participant may be able to create or redeem a Creation Unit of a Fund at a discount or a premium to the public trading price per Share of that Fund. This price difference may be due, in large part, to the fact that supply and demand forces at work in the secondary trading market for Shares of a Fund are closely related, but not identical, to the same forces influencing the price of the underlying futures contracts at any point in time.

Authorized Participants, or their clients or customers, may have an opportunity to realize a profit if they can purchase a Creation Unit at a discount to the public trading price of the Shares of a Fund or can redeem a Creation Unit at a premium over the public trading price of the Shares of a Fund. The Sponsor expects that the exploitation of such arbitrage opportunities by Authorized Participants and their clients and customers will tend to cause the public trading price to track NAV per Share of the Funds closely over time.

The value of a Share may be influenced by nonconcurrent trading hours between the NYSE Arca and the exchange on which the Commodities Futures Contracts or Financials Futures Contracts underlying the applicable Index or Sub-Index are traded. The Shares of each Fund will trade on the NYSE Arca from 9:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. (Eastern Time). The Commodities Futures Contracts or Financials Futures Contracts, however, may be traded during different time frames. Consequently, liquidity in such futures contracts underlying the Index or Sub-Indexes will be reduced after the close of trading on the applicable exchange. As a result, during the time when the NYSE Arca is open and the exchange on which the futures contracts underlying the applicable Index or Sub-Index are traded is closed, trading spreads and the resulting premium or discount on the Shares of a Fund may widen and, therefore, increase the difference between the price of the Shares of a Fund and the NAV of such Shares.

Trading on exchanges outside the United States is not subject to U.S. regulation and may result in different or diminished investor protections.

Some of the Funds’ trading may be conducted on exchanges outside the United States. Trading on such exchanges is not regulated by any U.S. governmental agency and may involve certain risks not applicable to trading on U.S. exchanges, including different or diminished investor protections. In trading contracts denominated in currencies other than U.S. dollars, the Shares are subject to the risk of adverse exchange rate movements between the dollar and the functional currencies of such contracts. Investors could incur substantial losses from trading on foreign exchanges which such investors would not have otherwise been subject had the Funds’ trading been limited to U.S. markets.

Competing claims of intellectual property rights may adversely affect the Funds and an investment in the Shares.

Although the Sponsor does not anticipate that such claims will adversely impact the Funds, it is impossible to provide definite assurances that no such negative impact will occur. The Sponsor believes that it has properly licensed or obtained the appropriate consent of all necessary parties with respect to intellectual property rights. However, other third parties could allege ownership as to such rights and may bring an action in asserting their claims. To the extent any action is brought by a third party asserting such rights, the expenses in litigating, negotiating, cross-licensing or otherwise settling such claims may adversely affect the Funds.

 

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Investors may be adversely affected by an overstatement or understatement of the NAV calculation of the Funds due to the valuation method employed on the date of NAV calculation.

Calculating the NAV of the Funds includes, in part, any unrealized profits or losses on open Financial Instrument positions. Under normal circumstances, the NAV of a Fund reflects the value of the Financial Instruments held by a Fund, as of the time the NAV is being calculated. However, if any of the Financial Instruments held by a Fund could not be purchased or sold on a day when a Fund is accepting creation and redemption orders (due to the operation of daily limits or other rules of the exchange or otherwise), a Fund may be improperly exposed which could cause it to fail to meet its stated investment objective. Alternatively, a Fund may attempt to calculate the fair value of such Financial Instruments. In such a situation, there is a risk that the calculation of the relevant Index of Sub-Index, and therefore, the NAV of the applicable Fund on such day, may not accurately reflect the realizable market value of the Financial Instruments underlying such index.

The liquidity of the Shares may also be affected by the withdrawal from participation of Authorized Participants, which could adversely affect the market price of the Shares.

In the event that one or more Authorized Participants which have substantial interests in the Shares withdraw from participation, the liquidity of the Shares will likely decrease, which could adversely affect the market price of the Shares and result in investors incurring a loss on their investment.

Shareholders that are not Authorized Participants may only purchase or sell their Shares in secondary trading markets, and the conditions associated with trading in secondary markets may adversely affect investors’ investment in the Shares.

Only Authorized Participants may create or redeem Creation Units. All other investors that desire to purchase or sell Shares must do so through the NYSE Arca or in other markets, if any, in which the Shares may be traded.

NYSE Arca may halt trading in the Shares of a Fund which would adversely impact investors’ ability to sell Shares.

Trading in Shares of a Fund may be halted due to market conditions or, in light of NYSE Arca rules and procedures, for reasons that, in the view of the NYSE Arca, make trading in Shares of a Fund inadvisable. In addition, trading is subject to trading halts caused by extraordinary market volatility pursuant to “circuit breaker” rules that require trading to be halted for a specified period based on a specified decline or rise in a market index (e.g., Dow Jones Industrial Average) or in the price of a Fund’s Shares. Additionally the ability to short sell a Fund’s shares may be restricted when there is a 10% or greater change from the previous day’s official closing price. There can be no assurance that the requirements necessary to maintain the listing of the Shares of a Fund will continue to be met or will remain unchanged.

Shareholders do not have the protections associated with ownership of shares in an investment company registered under the 1940 Act.

None of the Funds are subject to registration or regulation under the 1940 Act. Consequently, shareholders do not have the regulatory protections provided to investors in investment companies.

Shareholders do not have the rights enjoyed by investors in certain other vehicles and may be adversely affected by a lack of statutory rights and by limited voting and distribution rights.

The Shares have limited voting and distribution rights. For example, shareholders do not have the right to elect directors, the Funds may enact splits or reverse splits without shareholder approval and the Funds are not required to pay regular distributions, although the Funds may pay distributions at the discretion of the Sponsor.

The value of the Shares will be adversely affected if the Funds are required to indemnify the Trustee.

Under the Amended and Restated Trust Agreement of the Trust, as may be further amended and restated from time to time (the “Trust Agreement”), the Trustee has the right to be indemnified for any liability or expense incurred without gross negligence or willful misconduct. That means the Sponsor may require the assets of a Fund to be sold in order to cover losses or liability suffered by it or by the Trustee. Any sale of that kind would reduce the NAV of one or more of the Funds.

Although the Shares of the Funds are limited liability investments, certain circumstances such as bankruptcy of a Fund will increase a shareholder’s liability.

The Shares of the Funds are limited liability investments; investors may not lose more than the amount that they invest plus any profits recognized on their investment. However, shareholders could be required, as a matter of bankruptcy law, to return to the estate of a Fund any distribution they received at a time when such Fund was in fact insolvent or in violation of the Trust Agreement.

 

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Failure of the FCMs to segregate assets may increase losses in the Funds.

The CEA requires a clearing broker to segregate all funds received from customers from such broker’s proprietary assets. There is a risk that assets deposited by the Sponsor on behalf of the Funds as margin with the FCMs may, in certain circumstances, be used to satisfy losses of other clients of the FCMs. If an FCM fails to segregate the funds received from the Sponsor, the assets of the Funds might not be fully protected in the event of the FCM’s bankruptcy. Furthermore, in the event of an FCM’s bankruptcy, Fund Shares could be limited to recovering only a pro rata share of all available funds segregated on behalf of the FCM’s combined customer accounts, even though certain property specifically traceable to a particular Fund was held by the FCM. Each FCM may, from time to time, have been the subject of certain regulatory and private causes of action.

In the event of a bankruptcy or insolvency of any exchange or a clearing house, a Fund could experience a loss of the funds deposited through its FCM as margin with the exchange or clearing house, a loss of any profits on its open positions on the exchange, and the loss of unrealized profits on its closed positions on the exchange.

A court could potentially conclude that the assets and liabilities of one Fund are not segregated from those of another series of the Trust and may thereby potentially expose assets in a Fund to the liabilities of another series of the Trust.

Each series of the Trust is a separate series of a Delaware statutory trust and not itself a separate legal entity. Section 3804(a) of the Delaware Statutory Trust Act (the “DSTA”) provides that if certain provisions are in the formation and governing documents of a statutory trust organized in series and if separate and distinct records are maintained for any series and the assets associated with that series are held in separate and distinct records (directly or indirectly, including through a nominee or otherwise) and accounted for in such separate and distinct records separately from the other assets of the statutory trust, or any series thereof, then the debts, liabilities, obligations and expenses incurred, contracted for or otherwise existing with respect to a particular series are enforceable against the assets of such series only, and not against the assets of the statutory trust generally or any other series thereof and none of the debts, liabilities, obligations and expenses incurred, contracted for or otherwise existing with respect to the statutory trust generally or any other series thereof shall be enforceable against the assets of such series. The Sponsor is not aware of any court case that has interpreted Section 3804(a) of the DSTA or provided any guidance as to what is required for compliance. The Sponsor maintains separate and distinct records for each series and accounts for them separately, but it is possible a court could conclude that the methods used did not satisfy Section 3804(a) of the DSTA and thus potentially expose assets in a Fund to the liabilities of another series of the Trust.

Shareholders’ tax liability will exceed cash distributions on the Shares.

Shareholders of each Fund are subject to U.S. federal income taxation and, in some cases, state, local, or foreign income taxation on their share of the Fund’s taxable income, whether or not they receive cash distributions from the Fund. Each Fund does not currently expect to make distributions with respect to capital gains or ordinary income. Accordingly, shareholders of a Fund will not receive cash distributions equal to their share of the Fund’s taxable income or the tax liability that results from such income. A Fund’s income, gains, losses and deductions are allocated to shareholders on a monthly basis. If you own shares in a Fund at the beginning of a month and sell them during the month, you are generally still considered a shareholder through the end of that month.

The U.S. Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) could adjust or reallocate items of income, gain, deduction, loss and credit with respect to the Shares if the IRS does not accept the assumptions or conventions utilized by the Fund.

U.S. federal income tax rules applicable to partnerships, which each Fund is anticipated to be treated as under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), are complex and their application is not always clear. Moreover, the rules generally were not written for, and in some respects are difficult to apply to, publicly traded interests in partnerships. The Funds apply certain assumptions and conventions intended to comply with the intent of the rules and to report income, gain, deduction, loss and credit to shareholders in a manner that reflects the shareholders’ economic gains and losses, but these assumptions and conventions may not comply with all aspects of the applicable Regulations. It is possible therefore that the IRS will successfully assert that these assumptions or conventions do not satisfy the technical requirements of the Code or the Treasury regulations promulgated thereunder (the “Regulations”) and will require that items of income, gain, deduction, loss and credit be adjusted or reallocated in a manner that could be adverse to investors.

Shareholders will receive partner information tax return on Schedule K-1, which could increase the complexity of tax returns.

The partner information tax returns on Schedule K-1 which the Funds will distribute to shareholders will contain information regarding the income items and expense items of the Funds. If you have not received K-1s from other investments, you may find that preparing your tax return may require additional time, or it may be necessary for you to retain an accountant or other tax preparer, at an additional expense to you, to assist you in the preparation of your return.

 

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Investors could be adversely affected if the current treatment of long-term capital gains under current U.S. federal income tax law is changed or repealed in the future.

Under current law, long-term capital gains are taxed to non-corporate investors at a maximum U.S. federal income tax rate of 15%. This tax treatment may be adversely affected, changed or repealed by future changes in tax laws at any time and is currently scheduled to increase to 20% for tax years beginning after December 31, 2012.

Shareholders of each Fund may recognize significant amounts of ordinary income and short-term capital gain.

Due to the investment strategy of the Funds, the Funds may realize and pass-through to Shareholders significant amounts of ordinary income and short-term capital gains as opposed to long-term capital gains, which generally are taxed at a preferential rate. A Fund’s income, gains, losses and deductions are allocated to shareholders on a monthly basis. If you own shares in a Fund at the beginning of a month and sell them during the month, you are generally still considered a shareholder through the end of that month.

PROSPECTIVE INVESTORS ARE STRONGLY URGED TO CONSULT THEIR OWN TAX ADVISERS AND COUNSEL WITH RESPECT TO THE POSSIBLE TAX CONSEQUENCES TO THEM OF AN INVESTMENT IN THE SHARES OF A FUND; SUCH TAX CONSEQUENCES MAY DIFFER IN RESPECT OF DIFFERENT INVESTORS.

Regulatory changes or actions, including the implementation of new legislation, may alter the operations and profitability of the Funds.

Considerable regulatory attention has been focused on non-traditional investment pools which are publicly distributed in the United States. There is a possibility of future regulatory changes altering, perhaps to a material extent, the nature of an investment in the Funds or the ability of the Funds to continue to implement their investment strategies.

The futures markets are subject to comprehensive statutes, regulations, and margin requirements. In addition, the SEC, CFTC and the exchanges are authorized to take extraordinary actions in the event of a market emergency, including, for example, the retroactive implementation of speculative position limits or higher margin requirements, the establishment of daily price limits and the suspension of trading. The regulation of swaps and futures transactions in the United States is a rapidly changing area of law and is subject to modification by government and judicial action. The effect of any future regulatory change on the Funds is impossible to predict, but could be substantial and adverse.

In particular, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) was signed into law on July 21, 2010. The Act will make sweeping changes to the way in which the U.S. financial system is supervised and regulated. Title VII of the Dodd-Frank Act sets forth a new legislative framework for OTC derivatives, including financial instruments, such as swaps, in which certain of the Funds may invest. Title VII of the Dodd-Frank Act makes broad changes to the OTC derivatives market, grants significant new authority to the SEC and the CFTC to regulate OTC derivatives and market participants, and will require clearing and exchange trading of many OTC derivatives transactions.

Provisions in the Dodd-Frank Act include the requirement that position limits on commodity futures contracts be established; new registration, recordkeeping, capital and margin requirements for “swap dealers” and “major swap participants” as determined by the Dodd-Frank Act and applicable regulations; and the forced use of clearinghouse mechanisms for many OTC derivative transactions. Additionally, the new law requires the aggregation, for purposes of position limits, of all positions in futures held by a single entity and its affiliates, whether such positions exist on U.S. futures exchanges, non-U.S. futures exchanges, or in OTC contracts.

The CFTC, the SEC and other federal regulators have been tasked with developing the rules and regulations enacting the provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act. While certain regulations have been promulgated and are already in effect, it is not possible at this time to assess the exact nature and full scope of the impact of the Dodd-Frank Act on any of the Funds. The new legislation and the related regulations that may be promulgated in the future may negatively impact a Fund’s ability to meet its investment objective either through limits on its investments or requirements imposed on it or any of its counterparties. In particular, new requirements, including capital requirements and mandatory clearing of over-the-counter derivative transactions, may increase the cost of a Fund’s investments and the cost of doing business, which could adversely affect investors.

Regulatory and exchange position limits may restrict the creation of Creation Units and the operation of the Trust.

The Dodd-Frank Act has required the CFTC to adopt regulations establishing speculative position limits applicable to regulated futures and over-the-counter derivatives and impose aggregate speculative position limits across regulated U.S. futures, over-the-counter positions and certain futures contracts traded on non-U.S. exchanges. In accordance with this mandate, in October 2011 the CFTC finalized rules that establish position limits with respect to 28 physical delivery commodity futures and options contracts, as well as to swaps that are economically equivalent to such contracts. The new position limits established by the CFTC will apply with respect to contracts traded on all U.S. and certain foreign exchanges on an aggregate basis. In addition, the CFTC has required the U.S. commodities exchanges to establish corresponding speculative position limits.

Prior to the Dodd-Frank Act, speculative position limits have been established primarily by the U.S. futures exchanges, which impose “speculative position limits” or “accountability levels” on the maximum net long or short futures positions that any person may hold or control in contracts traded on such exchanges. Under the exchange rules and the recently adopted CFTC regulations, all accounts owned or managed by commodity trading advisors, such as the Sponsor, their principals and their affiliates would be combined for position limit purposes.

In order to comply with the speculative position limits established by the CFTC and the relevant exchanges, the Sponsor may in the future be required to reduce the size of outstanding positions, not enter into new positions that would otherwise be taken for the Funds or not trade certain markets on behalf of the Funds. Modification of trades made by the Trust, if required, could adversely affect the Trust’s operations and profitability and significantly limit the Trust’s ability to reinvest income in additional contracts, create additional Creation Units, or add to existing positions in the desired amount.

In addition, the Sponsor may be required to liquidate certain open positions in order to ensure compliance with the speculative position limits at unfavorable prices, which may result in substantial losses for the relevant Funds. There also can be no assurance that the Sponsor will liquidate positions held on behalf of all the Sponsor’s accounts, including any proprietary accounts, in a proportionate manner. In the event the Sponsor chooses to liquidate a disproportionate number of positions held on behalf of any of the Funds at unfavorable prices, such Funds may incur substantial losses and the value of the Shares may be adversely affected.

 

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CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference contain forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties. Investors can identify these forward-looking statements by the use of expressions such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “should,” “estimate” or any negative or other variations on such expression. These forward-looking statements are based on information currently available to the Sponsor and are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and other factors, both known, such as those listed in “Risk Factors” in this Summary, described in “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference in this Prospectus, and unknown, that could cause the actual results, performance, prospects or opportunities of the Funds to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, these forward-looking statements.

Except as expressly required by federal securities laws, the Trust assumes no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Investors should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF THE FUNDS’ INDEXES

Overview

Developed by S&P and launched on February 19, 2010, the Index and each Sub-Index are long/short rules-based investable indexes designed to attempt to capture the economic benefit derived from both rising and declining trends in futures prices. The Index is composed of the Index Components, representing unleveraged long or short positions in futures contracts in the commodity and financial markets. These Index Components are then formed into groups of one or more contracts with similar characteristics known as “sectors.” Index Components within each sector are chosen based on fundamental characteristics and liquidity. The Commodities Futures Contracts comprise the S&P Dynamic Commodities Futures Index (“DCFI”), and the Financials Futures Contracts comprise the S&P Dynamic Financial Futures Index (“DFFI”).

Commodity weights are based on generally known world production levels as determined by the S&P GSCI Light Energy Index. Weightings of the Financials Futures Contracts are based on, but not directly proportional to, gross domestic product.

The positions the Index (and accordingly, each Sub-Index) takes in the Index Components are not long-only, but are set, by sector, long, short or, in the case of energy, flat (zero-weight) based on the relation of the current aggregate price input of the Index Components in a particular sector (e.g., grains) with a seven-month weighted moving average of the aggregate price inputs of the same Index Components.

The following charts reflect the initial 2012 weighting schemes for the Index and each Sub-Index (each rounded to the nearest one-hundredth). For the Index and the DCFI, the sector weights will vary based on whether or not energy is positioned long or flat. If energy is flat, its weight is redistributed pro rata among the other sectors. Since the DFFI has no commodity exposure, the weights of the sectors and the Index Components that comprise it are not impacted by the long or flat positioning of the energy sector.

For the Index, if energy is positioned “long,” the initial Index weights will be as follows:

Index Weights with Energy “Long”

 

Sub-Index

   Weight    

Sector

   Weight    

Component

   Weight  

Commodities

     50   Energy      15.06   Light Crude      10.93

Futures Contracts

          Heating Oil      1.79
          RBOB Natural Gas      1.74
          Natural Gas      0.59
     Industrial Metals      4.67   Copper      4.67
     Precious Metals      5.09   Gold      4.36
          Silver      0.72
     Livestock      6.02   Lean Hogs      2.12
          Live Cattle      3.90
     Grains      13.33   Corn      6.20
          Soybeans      3.16
          Wheat      3.97
     Softs      5.83   Coffee      1.23
          Cocoa      0.31
          Sugar      2.67
          Cotton      1.63

Financials

     50   Australian Dollar      1.61   Australian Dollar      1.61

Futures Contracts

     British Pound      3.01   British Pound      3.01
     Canadian Dollar      2.05   Canadian Dollar      2.05
     Euro      16.49   Euro      16.49
     Japanese Yen      7.09   Japanese Yen      7.09
     Swiss Franc      0.66   Swiss Franc      0.66
     U.S. Treasury Notes      9.54   U.S. Treasury Notes      9.54
     U.S. Treasury Bonds      9.54   U.S. Treasury Bonds      9.54
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Totals

     100        100        100
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

 

 

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For the Index, if energy is positioned “flat,” the initial Index weights will be as follows:

Index Weights with Energy “Flat”

 

Sub-Index

   Weight    

Sector

   Weight    

Component

   Weight  

Commodities

     41.14   Energy      0.00   Light Crude      0.00

Futures Contracts

          Heating Oil      0.00
          RBOB Natural Gas      0.00
          Natural Gas      0.00
     Industrial Metals      5.50   Copper      5.50
     Precious Metals      5.99   Gold      5.14
          Silver      0.85
     Livestock      7.08   Lean Hogs      2.50
          Live Cattle      4.59
     Grains      15.70   Corn      7.30
          Soybeans      3.72
          Wheat      4.68
     Softs      6.87   Coffee      1.44
          Cocoa      0.36
          Sugar      3.14
          Cotton      1.92

Financials

     58.86   Australian Dollar      1.90   Australian Dollar      1.90

Futures Contracts

     British Pound      3.55   British Pound      3.55
     Canadian Dollar      2.41   Canadian Dollar      2.41
     Euro      19.42   Euro      19.42
     Japanese Yen      8.34   Japanese Yen      8.34
     Swiss Franc      0.78   Swiss Franc      0.78
     U.S. Treasury Notes      11.23   U.S. Treasury Notes      11.23
     U.S. Treasury Bonds      11.23   U.S. Treasury Bonds      11.23
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Totals

     100        100        100
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

 

For the DCFI, if energy is positioned “long,” the initial index weightings would be as follows:

DCFI Weights with Energy “Long”

 

Sector

   Weight    

Component

   Weight  

Energy

     30.12   Light Crude      21.86
     Heating Oil      3.58
     RBOB Natural Gas      3.49
     Natural Gas      1.19

Industrial Metals

     9.34   Copper      9.34

Precious Metals

     10.18   Gold      8.73
     Silver      1.45

Livestock

     12.04   Lean Hogs      4.24
     Live Cattle      7.80

Grains

     26.67   Corn      12.41
     Soybeans      6.31
     Wheat      7.95

Softs

     11.67   Coffee      2.45
     Cocoa      0.62
     Sugar      5.34
     Cotton      3.26
  

 

 

      

 

 

 

Total

     100        100
  

 

 

      

 

 

 

 

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For the DCFI, if energy is initially positioned “flat,” the weights would be as follows:

DCFI Weights with Energy “Flat”

 

Sector

   Weight    

Component

   Weight  

Energy

     0.00   Light Crude      0.00
     Heating Oil      0.00
     RBOB Natural Gas      0.00
     Natural Gas      0.00

Industrial Metals

     13.36   Copper      13.36

Precious Metals

     14.57   Gold      12.49
     Silver      2.07

Livestock

     17.22   Lean Hogs      6.07
     Live Cattle      11.16

Grains

     38.16   Corn      17.75
     Soybeans      9.03
     Wheat      11.37

Softs

     16.70   Coffee      3.51
     Cocoa      0.88
     Sugar      7.64
     Cotton      4.67
  

 

 

      

 

 

 

Total

     100        100
  

 

 

      

 

 

 

Finally, for the DFFI, the initial sector and financial future weights are as follows:

DFFI Weights

 

Sector

   Weight    

Component

   Weight  

Australian Dollar

     3.23   Australian Dollar      3.23

British Pound

     6.02   British Pound      6.02

Canadian Dollar

     4.10   Canadian Dollar      4.10

Euro

     32.99   Euro      32.99

Japanese Yen

     14.17   Japanese Yen      14.17

Swiss Franc

     1.33   Swiss Franc      1.33

U.S. Treasury Notes

     19.08   U.S. Treasury Notes      19.08

U.S. Treasury Bonds

     19.08   U.S. Treasury Bonds      19.08
  

 

 

      

 

 

 

Total

     100        100
  

 

 

      

 

 

 

Sectors are rebalanced monthly to the applicable above-mentioned weights; the weighting of each individual Index Component within a particular sector is rebalanced annually.

Energy’s Short Exemption

If energy receives a negative price signal (as determined by the weighted moving average, as discussed below), it is positioned flat (zero-weight) rather than short. This is due to the “risk of ruin” inherent in the energy sector because of the concentration of supply in a relatively small number of production locales. If supply from these locales were to be disrupted (whether by war, terrorism, or other events), the price of the energy sector within the Index is exposed to large scale price increases regardless of the current trend and position setting. This would expose the Index and the DCFI to significant, if not total losses, in such a circumstance. As such, the energy sector is positioned flat in a negative price environment and the weight it would otherwise receive is redistributed pro rata among the other sectors of the Index and the DCFI.

 

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Determining the Long/Short Positioning of the Sectors

Each month, the Index, the DCFI and the DFFI will take long or short positions (or flat, in the case of energy, as applicable) in each sector by measuring the current sector price relative to a seven-month exponential weighted moving average. This is not a “spot” value comparison of a single contract, but a comparison of the current price input of the Index Component(s) within a particular sector against its seven-month exponential weighted moving average of the past seven monthly price inputs. Long positions are tracked when a sector’s current aggregate one-month price change is greater than or equal to the exponential average of the past seven monthly price inputs. Short positions (or flat positions, in the case of energy) are tracked when a sector’s current one-month price change is less than the exponential average of the past seven monthly price inputs. The price inputs represent the monthly percentage change of a components price. Monthly positions are determined on the second to last DFI business day of the month (defined as the position determination date, or PDD) when the monthly percentage change of an Index Component’s price is compared to past monthly price changes, exponentially weighted to give greatest weight to the most recent return and least weight to the return seven months prior. The weighted sum of the percentage changes of all the Index Component prices equals the daily movement of the Index. To create an exponential average for comparison, price inputs (percentage change from current and previous PDDs) are weighted per the schedule below. Due to this weighting methodology, current price movements are more important than those of the more distant past.

 

Number of Months

   Weight  
7      2.32
6      3.71
5      5.94
4      9.51
3      15.22
2      24.34
1      38.95
  

 

 

 
Total      100.00
  

 

 

 

The sector valuation is an aggregate measure that incorporates pricing from individual contracts following the Roll Schedule. Because this valuation is done on a sector basis, all the Index Components within a particular sector will be set long, short (or flat, in the case of energy) upon each monthly rebalancing.

While sector weights are fixed and rebalanced back to their base weight monthly, Index Components that are part of a multicomponent sector (energy, livestock, grains, and precious metals) are only reset back to their base weight within their sector during the first five business days of February. For example (assuming energy is long), the Japanese yen (a single component sector) and the grains (a multicomponent sector) will rebalance to 7.09% and 13.33% of the Index respectively on the roll date. However, the individual components within the grains sector will only rebalance to their base weight at the beginning of the year. During the year, they “float” within the 13.33% Index grains weighting.

Rolling

During this monthly rebalancing, the Index will also “roll” certain of its positions from the current contract to a contract further from settlement. In order to maintain consistent exposure to the Index Components that compose the Index, each Index Component contract must be sold prior to its expiration date and replaced by a contract maturing at a specified date in the future. This process is known as rolling. Index Component contracts are rolled periodically. The rolls are implemented pursuant to a roll schedule over a five-day period from the first (1st) through the fifth (5th) Index business days of the month. An Index business day is any day on which the majority of the Index Components are open for official trading and official settlement prices are provided, excluding holidays and weekends.

THE FUNDS ARE NOT SPONSORED, ENDORSED, SOLD OR PROMOTED BY S&P AND ITS AFFILIATES OR CBOE. S&P AND CBOE MAKE NO REPRESENTATION, CONDITION OR WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, TO THE OWNERS OF THE FUNDS OR ANY MEMBER OF THE PUBLIC REGARDING THE ADVISABILITY OF INVESTING IN SECURITIES GENERALLY OR IN THE FUNDS PARTICULARLY OR THE ABILITY OF THE INDEXES TO TRACK MARKET PERFORMANCE OF CERTAIN FINANCIAL MARKETS AND/OR SECTIONS THEREOF AND/OR OF GROUPS OF ASSETS OR ASSET CLASSES AND/OR TO ACHIEVE ITS STATED OBJECTIVE AND/OR TO FORM THE BASIS OF A SUCCESFUL INVESTMENT STRATEGY, AS APPLICABLE. S&P’S AND CBOE’S ONLY RELATIONSHIP TO PROSHARES TRUST II ON BEHALF OF ITS APPLICABLE SERIES AND PROSHARE CAPITAL MANAGEMENT LLC IS THE LICENSING

 

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OF CERTAIN TRADEMARKS AND TRADE NAMES AND OF THE INDEXES WHICH ARE DETERMINED, COMPOSED AND CALCULATED BY S&P WITHOUT REGARD TO PROSHARES TRUST II ON BEHALF OF ITS APPLICABLE SERIES AND PROSHARE CAPITAL MANAGEMENT LLC OR THE FUNDS. S&P HAS NO OBLIGATION TO TAKE THE NEEDS OF PROSHARES TRUST II ON BEHALF OF ITS APPLICABLE SERIES AND PROSHARE CAPITAL MANAGEMENT LLC OR THE OWNERS OF THE FUNDS INTO CONSIDERATION IN DETERMINING, COMPOSING OR CALCULATING THE INDEXES. S&P AND CBOE ARE NOT ADVISORS TO THE FUNDS AND ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR AND HAVE NOT PARTICIPATED IN THE DETERMINATION OF THE PRICES AND AMOUNT OF THE FUNDS OR THE TIMING OF THE ISSUANCE OR SALE OF THE FUNDS OR IN THE DETERMINATION OR CALCULATION OF THE EQUATION BY WHICH THE FUND SHARES ARE TO BE CONVERTED INTO CASH. S&P AND CBOE HAVE NO OBLIGATION OR LIABILITY IN CONNECTION WITH THE ADMINISTRATION, MARKETING, OR TRADING OF THE FUNDS.

NEITHER S&P, ITS AFFILIATES NOR THIRD PARTY LICENSORS, INCLUDING CBOE, GUARANTEES THE ACCURACY AND/OR THE COMPLETENESS OF THE INDEXES OR ANY DATA INCLUDED THEREIN AND S&P, ITS AFFILIATES AND THEIR THIRD PARTY LICENSORS, INCLUDING CBOE, SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY FOR ANY ERRORS, OMISSIONS, OR INTERRUPTIONS THEREIN. S&P AND CBOE MAKE NO WARRANTY, CONDITION OR REPRESENTATION, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AS TO RESULTS TO BE OBTAINED BY PROSHARES TRUST II ON BEHALF OF ITS APPLICABLE SERIES AND PROSHARE CAPITAL MANAGEMENT LLC, OWNERS OF THE FUND, OR ANY OTHER PERSON OR ENTITY FROM THE USE OF THE INDEXES OR ANY DATA INCLUDED THEREIN. S&P AND CBOE MAKE NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, REPRESENTATIONS OR CONDITIONS, AND EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE AND ANY OTHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OR CONDITION WITH RESPECT TO THE INDEXES OR ANY DATA INCLUDED THEREIN. WITHOUT LIMITING ANY OF THE FOREGOING, IN NO EVENT SHALL S&P, ITS AFFILIATES OR THEIR THIRD PARTY LICENSORS, INCLUDING CBOE, HAVE ANY LIABILITY FOR ANY SPECIAL, PUNITIVE, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING LOST PROFITS) RESULTING FROM THE USE OF THE INDEXES OR ANY DATA INCLUDED THEREIN, EVEN IF NOTIFIED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

 

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INVESTMENT OBJECTIVES AND PRINCIPAL INVESTMENT STRATEGIES

Investment Objectives

Each Fund seeks to provide investment results (before fees and expenses) that correspond to the performance of the Index or Sub-Index, as applicable. Currently, ProShares Managed Futures Strategy seeks to provide investment results corresponding to the Index, while ProShares Commodity Managed Futures Strategy and ProShares Financial Managed Futures Strategy seek to provide investment results corresponding to the DCFI and the DFFI, respectively. The Index is designed to capture the economic benefit derived from both rising and declining trends in the futures prices of the Index Components, generally without leverage. The DCFI is designed to capture the economic benefit derived from both rising and declining trends in the futures prices of the Commodities Futures Contracts, and the DFFI is designed to capture the economic benefit derived from both rising and declining trends in the futures prices of the Financials Futures Contracts.

If a Fund is successful in meeting its objective, its value (before fees and expenses) should gain approximately as much on a percentage basis as the level of the corresponding Index or Sub-Index when such Index or Sub-Index rises. Conversely, its value (before fees and expenses) should lose approximately as much on a percentage basis as the level of the corresponding Index or Sub-Index when such Index or Sub-Index declines. Each Fund acquires exposure through the Financial Instruments, such that the Fund has exposure intended to approximate its applicable Index or Sub-Index at the time of its NAV calculation.

There can be no assurance that any Fund will achieve its investment objective or avoid substantial losses. The Funds may not necessarily invest in Commodities Futures Contracts or Financials Futures Contracts in the Index or a Sub-Index, and the timing and maturities of the contracts underlying the Index or a Sub-Index may vary from the futures contracts in which the Funds invest, so the results of the Funds may vary from the results of their corresponding Index or Sub-Index for any given time period and may differ significantly from such. A Fund will lose money if its benchmark’s performance is flat over time.

Principal Investment Strategies

In seeking to achieve the Funds’ investment objectives, the Sponsor uses a mathematical approach to investing. Using this approach, the Sponsor determines the type, quantity and mix of investment positions that the Sponsor believes, in combination, should produce daily returns consistent with the Funds’ objectives. The Sponsor relies upon a pre-determined model to generate orders that result in repositioning the Funds’ investments in accordance with their respective investment objective.

Each Fund intends to meet its investment objective by investing primarily in Commodities Futures Contracts or Financials Futures Contracts. In the event position accountability rules or position limits are reached with respect to Futures Contracts, the Sponsor may, in its commercially reasonable judgment, cause such Fund to obtain exposure to the Index or to a Sub-Index, as applicable, through swaps whose value is derived from the level of the Index, a Sub-Index, one or more Index Components or, in the case of currency-based Financials Futures Contracts, the exchange rates underlying such Financials Futures Contracts, or invest in other futures contracts or swaps if such instruments tend to exhibit trading prices or returns that correlate with the Index, the Sub-Indexes or any Index Component and will further the investment objective of the applicable Fund. The Funds may also invest in swaps if the market for a specific futures contract experiences emergencies (e.g., natural disaster, terrorist attack or an act of God) or disruptions (e.g., a trading halt or a flash crash) that prevent the Funds from obtaining the appropriate amount of investment exposure to the affected Commodities Futures Contracts or Financials Futures Contracts directly or other futures contracts. The Funds will also hold cash or cash equivalents such as U.S. Treasury securities or other high credit quality, short-term fixed-income or similar securities (such as shares of money market funds and collateralized repurchase agreements) for direct investment or as collateral for Financial Instruments. Although unlikely, each Fund may invest up to 100% of its assets in any of these types of cash or cash equivalent instruments.

In October 2011, the CFTC finalized rules imposing aggregate position limits applicable to regulated futures and swaps, which may significantly limit the Funds’ ability to obtain the appropriate amount of investment exposure to the Index and either Sub-Index through futures and swaps and impair the Trust’s ability to achieve its investment objectives. See “Risk Factors - Regulatory and exchange position limits may restrict the creation of Creation Units and the operation of the Trust.”

The Sponsor does not invest the assets of the Funds based on its view of the investment merit of a particular investment, other than for cash management purposes, nor does it conduct conventional commodity or currency research or analysis, or forecast market movement or trends, in managing the assets of the Funds. The Funds seek to remain fully exposed at all times to the Funds’ applicable Index or Sub-Index without regard to market conditions, trends or direction.

The amount of exposure each Fund has to Financial Instruments differs with each particular Fund and may be changed without shareholder approval at any given time. Currently, the Funds anticipate that, in the normal course of business and absent any unforeseen circumstances, they will be exposed to the specific Financial Instruments below as follows:

 

     Swaps     Futures  

ProShares Managed Futures Strategy

     100     100

ProShares Commodity Managed Futures Strategy

     100     100

ProShares Financial Managed Futures Strategy

     100     100

Swap Agreements

Swap agreements are two-party contracts entered into primarily by global financial institutions for a specified period ranging from a day to more than a year. In a standard swap transaction, the parties agree to exchange the returns on a particular predetermined investment, instrument or index for a fixed or floating rate of return in respect of a predetermined notional amount. In the case of futures contracts based indices, such as the Index and Sub-Indexes, the reference interest rate is zero, although a financing spread or fee is normally still applied. Transaction or commission costs are reflected in the benchmark level at which the transaction is entered into. The gross returns to be exchanged are

 

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calculated with respect to a notional amount and the benchmark returns to which the swap is linked. Swaps are usually closed out on a net basis, i.e., the two payment streams are netted out in a cash settlement on the payment date specified in the agreement, with the parties receiving or paying, as the case may be, only the net amount of the two payments.

Swap agreements involve, to varying degrees, elements of market risk and exposure to loss in excess of the amount which would be reflected on the Statement of Assets and Liabilities. The notional amounts of the agreement reflect the extent of a Fund’s total investment exposure under the swap agreement. The primary risks associated with the use of swap agreements arise from the inability of counterparties to perform. Each Fund that invests in swaps bears the risk of loss of the net amount, if any, expected to be received under a swap agreement in the event of the default or bankruptcy of a swap counterparty. Each such Fund enters or intends to enter into swap agreements only with large, established and well-capitalized financial institutions; however, there are no limitations on the percentage of its assets each Fund may invest in swaps. Each Fund that invests in swaps may use various techniques to minimize credit risk.

Each Fund that invests in swaps generally collateralizes swap agreements with cash and/or certain securities. Such collateral is generally held for the benefit of the counterparty in a segregated tri-party account at the custodian to protect the counterparty against non-payment by the Fund. In the event of a default by the counterparty, and the Fund is owed money in the swap transaction, such Fund will seek withdrawal of this collateral from the segregated account and may incur certain costs exercising its right with respect to the collateral. These Funds remain subject to credit risk with respect to the amount it expects to receive from counterparties.

The Funds will seek to mitigate these risks by generally requiring that the counterparties for each Fund agree to post collateral for the benefit of the Fund, marked to market daily. To the extent any such collateral is insufficient or there are delays in accessing the collateral, the Funds will be exposed to counterparty risk as described above, including possible delays in recovering amounts as a result of bankruptcy proceedings.

Futures Contracts

A futures contract is a standardized contract traded on, or subject to the rules of, an exchange that calls for the future delivery of a specified quantity and type of a particular Reference Asset at a specified time and place or alternatively may call for cash settlement. Futures contracts are traded on a wide variety of Reference Asset, including bonds, interest rates, agricultural products, stock indexes, currencies, energy, metals, economic indicators and statistical measures. The notional size and calendar term futures contracts on a particular underlying reference are identical and are not subject to any negotiation, other than with respect to price and the number of contracts traded between the buyer and seller. Each Fund generally deposits cash with an FCM for its open positions in the Commodities Futures Contracts or Financials Futures Contracts. Such deposits are generally held for the benefit of the counterparty at the FCM to protect the counterparty against non-payment by the Fund. In the event of a default by the counterparty, and the Fund is owed money in the Commodities Futures Contracts or Financials Futures Contract, the Fund will seek withdrawal of this deposit from the FCM and may incur certain costs exercising its right with respect to the deposited cash.

Certain futures contracts settle in cash, reflecting the difference between the contract purchase/sale price and the contract settlement price. The cash settlement mechanism avoids the potential for either side to have to deliver the underlying Reference Asset. For other futures contracts, the contractual obligations of a buyer or seller may generally be satisfied by taking or making physical delivery of the underlying commodity or by making an offsetting sale or purchase of an identical futures contract on the same or linked exchange before the designated date of delivery. The difference between the price at which the futures contract is purchased or sold and the price paid for the offsetting sale or purchase, after allowance for brokerage commissions, constitutes the profit or loss to the trader.

Money Market Instruments

Money market instruments are short-term debt instruments that have a remaining maturity of 397 days or less and exhibit high quality credit profiles. Money market instruments may include U.S. government securities, securities issued by governments of other developed countries and repurchase agreements.

U.S. Futures Exchanges

Futures exchanges provide centralized market facilities for trading futures contracts in which multiple persons have the ability to execute or trade contracts by accepting bids and offers from multiple participants. Members of, and trades executed on, a particular exchange are subject to the rules of that exchange. Among the principal exchanges in the United States are the CBOE (which includes the CFE), the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (“CME”) (which includes, among others, the Chicago Board of Trade (“CBOT”), the New York Mercantile Exchange (“NYMEX”) and the Intercontinental Exchange (“ICE”)).

 

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Each futures exchange in the United States has an associated “clearing house.” Clearing houses provide services designed to transfer credit risk and ensure the integrity of trades. Once trades between members of an exchange have been confirmed or cleared, the clearing house becomes substituted for each buyer and each seller of contracts traded on the exchange and, in effect, becomes the other party to each trader’s open position in the market. Thereafter, each party to a trade looks only to the clearing house for performance. The clearing house generally establishes some sort of security or guarantee fund to which all clearing members of the exchange must contribute. This fund acts as an emergency buffer which is intended to enable the clearing house to meet its obligations with regard to the other side of an insolvent clearing member’s contracts. Furthermore, clearing houses require margin deposits and continuously mark positions to market to provide some assurance that their members will be able to fulfill their contractual obligations. Thus, members effecting futures transactions on an organized exchange do not bear the risk of the insolvency of the party on the opposite side of the trade; their credit risk is limited to the respective solvencies of their commodity broker and the clearing house. The clearing house “guarantee” of performance on open positions does not run to customers. If a member firm goes bankrupt, customers could lose money.

Non-U.S. Futures Exchanges

Foreign futures exchanges differ in certain respects from their U.S. counterparts. Non-U.S. futures exchanges are not subject to regulation by the CFTC. In contrast to U.S. exchanges, certain foreign exchanges are “principals’ markets,” where trades remain the liability of the traders involved, and the exchange or an affiliated clearing house, if any, does not become substituted for any party. Therefore, participants in such markets must often satisfy themselves as to the creditworthiness of their counterparty. Additionally, in the event of the insolvency or bankruptcy of a non-U.S. market or broker, the rights of market participants are likely to be more limited than the rights afforded by the U.S. futures exchanges. The Sponsor does not anticipate that the Funds will hold futures traded on foreign exchanges.

Regulations

Futures exchanges in the United States are subject to regulation under the CEA, by the CFTC, the governmental agency having responsibility for regulation of futures exchanges and trading on those exchanges. (Investors should be aware that no governmental U.S. agency currently regulates the OTC foreign exchange markets.)

The CFTC has exclusive authority to designate exchanges for the trading of specific futures contracts and to prescribe rules and regulations of the marketing of each. The CFTC also regulates the activities of “commodity trading advisors” and “commodity pool operators” and the CFTC has adopted regulations with respect to certain of such persons’ activities. Pursuant to its authority, the CFTC requires a commodity pool operator, such as the Sponsor, to keep accurate, current and orderly records with respect to each pool it operates. The CFTC may suspend, modify or terminate the registration of any registrant for failure to comply with CFTC rules or regulations. Suspension, restriction or termination of the Sponsor’s registration as a commodity pool operator would prevent it, until such time (if any) as such registration were to be reinstated, from managing, and might result in the termination of, the Funds. The CEA gives the CFTC similar authority with respect to the activities of commodity trading advisors, such as the Sponsor, and requires commodity trading advisors to maintain current and accurate records within the United States. If the registration of a Sponsor as a commodity trading advisor were to be terminated, restricted or suspended, the Sponsor would be unable, until such time (if any) as such registration were to be reinstated, to render trading advice to the Funds. The Funds themselves are not registered with the CFTC in any capacity. Therefore, if the Sponsor were unable to provide services and/or trading advice to the Funds, the Funds would be unable to pursue their investment objectives unless and until the Sponsor’s ability to provide services and trading advice to the Funds was reinstated or a replacement for the Sponsor as commodity pool operator and/or commodity trading advisor could be found. Such an event could result in termination of the Funds.

The CEA requires all FCMs to meet and maintain specified fitness and financial requirements, segregate customer funds from proprietary funds and account separately for all customers’ funds and positions, and to maintain specified books and records open to inspection by the staff of the CFTC. See “Risk Factors—Failure of the FCMs to segregate assets may increase losses in the Funds.”

The CEA also gives the states certain powers to enforce its provisions and the regulations of the CFTC.

Under certain circumstances, the CEA grants shareholders the right to institute a reparations proceeding before the CFTC against the Sponsor (as a registered commodity pool operator and commodity trading advisor), an FCM, as well as those of their respective employees who are required to be registered under the CEA. Shareholders may also be able to maintain a private right of action for certain violations of the CEA.

Pursuant to authority in the CEA, the NFA has been formed and registered with the CFTC as a registered futures association. At the present time, the NFA is the only self regulatory organization for commodities professionals other than exchanges. As such, the NFA promulgates rules governing the conduct of commodity professionals and disciplines those professionals that do not comply with such standards. The CFTC has delegated to the NFA responsibility for the registration of commodity trading advisors, commodity

 

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pool operators, FCMs, introducing brokers and their respective associated persons and floor brokers. The Sponsor is a member of the NFA (the Funds themselves are not required to become members of the NFA). As an NFA member, the Sponsor is subject to NFA standards relating to fair trade practices, financial condition, and consumer protection. The CFTC is prohibited by statute from regulating trading on foreign commodity exchanges and markets.

The CEA and CFTC regulations prohibit market abuse and generally require that all futures exchange-based trading be conducted in compliance with rules designed to ensure the integrity of market prices and without any intent to manipulate prices. CFTC regulations and futures exchange rules also impose limits on the size of the positions that a person may hold or control as well as standards for aggregating certain positions. The rules of the CFTC and the futures exchanges also authorize special emergency actions to halt, suspend or limit trading overall or to restrict, halt, suspend or limit the trading of an individual trader or to otherwise impose special reporting or margin requirements.

Daily Limits

Most U.S. futures exchanges (but generally not foreign exchanges) limit the amount of fluctuation in some futures contract prices during a single day by regulations. These regulations specify what are referred to as “daily price fluctuation limits” or more commonly “daily limits.” Once the daily limit has been reached in a particular futures contract, no trades may be made at a price beyond that limit. As of the date of this Prospectus, the following futures contracts held in the Index, the DCFI Sub-Index and the DFFI Sub-Index had the following price limits:

As of the date of this Prospectus, the maximum daily price fluctuation limit for CBOT Corn futures contracts is $0.40 per bushel expandable to $0.60 when the market closes at limit bid or limit offer. There shall be no price limits on the current month contract on or after the second business day preceding the first day of the delivery month.

As of the date of this Prospectus, the maximum daily price fluctuation limit for ICE Cotton No. 2® futures contracts is subject to a daily price limit that can range from 3 to 7 cents per pound, with details set forth in ICE Futures U.S.®, Inc. Cotton No. 2 Rule 10.09.

As of the date of this Prospectus, the maximum daily price fluctuation limit for CME Live Cattle futures contracts is $.03 per pound above or below the previous day’s settlement price.

As of the date of this Prospectus, the maximum daily price fluctuation limit for CME Lean Hogs futures contracts is $.03 per pound above or below previous day’s settlement price; none in the spot month contract during the last 2 days of trading.

As of the date of this Prospectus, the maximum daily price fluctuation limit for natural gas futures contracts is $3.00 per mmBtu ($30,000 per contract) for all months. One mmBtu is equivalent to 10,000 million British thermal units. Once the daily price fluctuation limit is reached, the limit is reset after a five minute trading halt. There is no maximum price fluctuation limit during any one trading session.

As of the date of this Prospectus, the maximum daily price fluctuation limit for CBOT Soybeans futures contracts is $0.70 per bushel expandable to $1.05 and then to $1.60 when the market closes at limit bid or limit offer. There shall be no price limits on the current month contract on or after the second business day preceding the first day of the delivery month.

As of the date of this Prospectus, the maximum daily price fluctuation limit for CBOT Soybean Oil futures contracts is 2.5 cents per pound expandable to 3.5 cents per pound and then to 5.5 cents per pound when the market closes at limit bid or limit offer. There shall be no price limits on the current month contract on or after the second business day preceding the first day of the delivery month.

As of the date of this Prospectus, the maximum daily price fluctuation limit for CBOT Wheat futures contracts is $0.60 per bushel expandable to $0.90 and then to $1.35 when the market closes at limit bid or limit offer. There shall be no price limits on the current month contract on or after the second business day preceding the first day of the delivery month.

 

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Margin

“Initial” or “original” margin is the minimum amount of funds that a futures trader must deposit with his commodity broker in order to initiate futures contract trading. Maintenance margin is the amount (generally less than initial margin) to which a trader’s account may decline before he must deliver additional margin so as to maintain open positions. A margin deposit is like a cash performance bond. It helps assure the futures trader’s performance of the futures contracts he purchases or sells. The minimum amount of margin required in connection with a particular futures contract is set by the exchange on which such contract is traded and is subject to change at any time during the term of the contract. Futures contracts are customarily bought and sold on margins that represent a very small percentage (ranging upward from less than 2%) of the aggregate purchase or sales price of the contract. Because of such low margins, price fluctuations occurring in the futures markets may create profits and losses that are greater, in relation to the amount invested, than are customary in other forms of investments.

Brokerage firms carrying accounts for traders in futures contracts may not accept lower, and may require higher, amounts of margin as a matter of policy in order to afford further protection for themselves.

Margin requirements are computed each day by a commodity broker. At the close of each trading day, each open futures contract is marked to market, that is, the gain or loss on the position is calculated from the prior day’s close. When the market value of a particular open futures contract position changes to a point where the margin on deposit does not satisfy maintenance margin requirements, a margin call is made by the commodity broker. If the margin call is not met within a reasonable time, the broker may close out the trader’s position.

PERFORMANCE OF THE OFFERED COMMODITY POOLS OPERATED BY

THE COMMODITY POOL OPERATOR

No performance information is presented with respect to the Funds, which have not traded prior to the date of this Prospectus and which will not begin trading until after the initial Creation Units of the Funds are purchased by the initial Authorized Participant for the Funds (all as described in the “Plan of Distribution” section in Part Two of this Prospectus). The performance of the Funds will differ materially in certain respects from the performance of other series of the Trust (the “Other Funds”) which are included in the section entitled “Performance of Other Commodity Pools Operated by the Commodity Pool Operator” in Part Two of this prospectus.

 

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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The Funds are newly formed and have no operating history.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Prior to the date of this Prospectus, the Funds have not begun trading activities. A significant portion of the NAV of such Funds will be held in cash and/or U.S. Treasury securities, agency securities, or other high credit quality short-term fixed-income or similar securities (such as shares of money market funds, and collateralized repurchase agreements). Although the collateralized repurchase agreements that the Funds enter into require that counterparties over-collateralize the amount owed with U.S. Treasury securities and/or agency securities, there is a risk that such collateral could decline in price at the same time that the counterparty defaults on its obligation. If this occurs, a Fund may incur losses or delays in receiving proceeds. The Funds typically enter into transactions only with large, well-capitalized and well established financial institutions. Please see “Credit and liquidity risks associated with collateralized repurchase agreements” for more information about collateralized repurchase agreements.

Each of the high credit quality short-term fixed-income or similar securities purchased by a Fund may be used for direct investment or serve as collateral for such Fund’s trading in Financial Instruments, as applicable.

The Financial Instruments, if any, held by a Fund may be subject to periods of illiquidity because of market conditions, regulatory considerations and other reasons. For example, swaps are not traded on an exchange, do not have uniform terms and conditions, and in general are not transferable without the consent of the counterparty. In the case of futures contracts, exchanges may limit fluctuations in certain futures contract prices during a single day by regulations referred to as “daily limits.” During a single day, no futures trades may be executed at prices beyond the daily limit. Once the price of a futures contract has increased or decreased by an amount equal to the daily limit, positions in such futures contracts can neither be taken nor liquidated unless the traders are willing to effect trades at or within the limit. Futures contract prices have occasionally moved the daily limit for several consecutive days with little or no trading. Such market conditions could prevent a Fund from promptly liquidating its futures positions.

Entry into swap agreements may further impact liquidity because these contractual agreements are executed “off-exchange” between private parties, do not have uniform terms and conditions, and generally are not transferrable without the consent of the counterparty. Therefore, the time required to offset or “unwind” these positions may be greater than that for exchange-traded instruments.

As of the date of this Prospectus, the Trust is unaware of any other trends, demands, conditions or events that are reasonably likely to result in material changes to the Trust’s liquidity needs.

Because the Funds will trade Commodities Futures Contracts and Financials Futures Contracts and enter into swap agreements, their capital will be at risk due to changes in the value of these contracts (market risk) or the inability of counterparties to perform under the terms of the contracts (credit risk).

Results of Operations

During the time period from January 1, 2012 to                     , 2012, the Funds had not yet commenced investment activities nor issued Shares other than those issued to the Sponsor. These Funds did not purchase or own Financial Instruments during this period. There were no receipts or disbursements of cash to or from these Funds during this period. The Funds did not receive any revenue, capital gains (losses), or incur any expenses, during this time period.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations

As of the date of this Prospectus, the Funds have not used, nor do they expect to use in the future, special purpose entities to facilitate off-balance sheet financing arrangements and have no loan guarantee arrangements or off-balance sheet arrangements of any kind other than agreements entered into in the normal course of business, which may include indemnification provisions related to certain risks service providers undertake in performing services which are in the best interests of these Funds. While these Funds’ exposure under such indemnification provisions cannot be estimated, these general business indemnifications are not expected to have a material impact on their financial position.

Management fee payments made to the Sponsor will be calculated as a fixed percentage of the NAV of each Fund, less offering costs for the first year. As such, the Sponsor cannot anticipate the amount of payments that will be required under these arrangements for future periods as NAVs are not known until a future date. The agreement with the Sponsor may be terminated by either party upon 30 days written notice to the other party. One officer of the Trust also serves as an officer and owner of the Sponsor.

Market Risk

Each Fund’s exposure to market risk will be influenced by a number of factors including the liquidity of the markets in which the Financial Instruments it holds are traded and the relationships among the Financial Instruments held. The inherent uncertainty of the trading of these Funds, as well as the development of drastic market occurrences could ultimately lead to a loss of all or substantially all of investors’ capital.

Credit Risk

When the Funds enter into futures contracts or swap agreements, they will be exposed to credit risk that the counterparty to the contract will not meet its obligations.

The counterparty for futures contracts traded on U.S. and most foreign futures exchanges is the clearing house associated with the particular exchange. In general, clearing houses are backed by their corporate members who may be required to share in the financial burden resulting from the nonperformance by one of their members and, as such, should significantly reduce this credit risk. In cases where the clearing house is not backed by the clearing members (i.e., some foreign exchanges, which may become applicable in the future), it may be backed by a consortium of banks or other financial institutions.

 

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It is expected that swap agreements will be contracted for directly with counterparties. There can be no assurance that any counterparty, clearing member or clearing house will meet its obligations to any Fund.

Swap agreements do not generally involve the delivery of underlying assets either at the outset of a transaction or upon settlement. Accordingly, if the counterparty to a swap agreement defaults, a Fund’s risk of loss consists of the net amount of payments that the Fund is contractually entitled to receive, if any. Swap counterparty risk will generally be limited to the amount of any unrealized gains, although in the event of a counterparty bankruptcy, there could be delays and costs associated with recovery collateral posted in segregated tri-party accounts at the respective Fund’s custodian bank.

The FCMs for the Funds, in accepting orders for the purchase or sale of domestic futures contracts, will be required by CFTC regulations to separately account for and segregate as belonging to each Fund, all assets of each Fund relating to domestic futures trading, and the FCMs will not be allowed to commingle such assets with other assets of the FCMs. In addition, CFTC regulations will also require the FCMs to hold in a secure account assets of each Fund related to foreign futures trading.

The Sponsor attempts to minimize certain of these market and credit risks by normally:

 

   

executing and clearing trades with creditworthy counterparties, as determined by the Sponsor;

 

   

limiting the outstanding amounts due from counterparties to the Funds;

 

   

not posting margin directly with a counterparty;

 

   

generally requiring that the counterparty posts collateral for amounts owed to the Funds, as marked to market;

 

   

limiting the amount of margin or premium posted at an FCM; and

 

   

ensuring that deliverable contracts are not held to such a date when delivery of the underlying assets could be called for.

Critical Accounting Policies

The Funds’ critical accounting policies will be as follows:

Preparation of the financial statements and related disclosures in compliance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires the application of appropriate accounting rules and guidance, as well as the use of estimates. The Sponsor’s application of these policies involves judgments and actual results may differ from the estimates used.

The Funds will have significant exposure to one or more types of Financial Instruments, each of which will be recorded on a trade date basis and at fair value in the financial statements, with changes in fair value reported in the Statements of Operations.

The use of fair value to measure futures contracts, with related unrealized gains or losses recognized in earnings in each period, will be fundamental to the Funds’ financial statements. The fair value of a futures contract will be the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date (the exit price).

Short-term investments will generally be valued at market price.

Derivatives (e.g., futures or swaps) will be generally valued using independent sources and/or agreements with counterparties or other procedures as determined by the Sponsor. Futures contracts will generally be valued at the last settled price on the applicable exchange on which that future trades. If there was no sale on that day, the Sponsor may, in its sole discretion, choose to determine a fair value price as the basis for determining the market value of such position for such day. Such fair value prices would generally be determined based on available inputs about the current value of the underlying instruments and would be based on principles that the Sponsor deems fair and equitable so long as such principles are consistent with normal industry standards.

Fair value pricing may require subjective determinations about the value of an investment. While each Fund’s policy is intended to result in a calculation of its NAV that fairly reflects investment values as of the time of pricing, these Funds cannot ensure that fair values determined by the Sponsor or persons acting at their direction would accurately reflect the price that they could obtain for an investment if it were to dispose of that investment as of the time of pricing (for instance, in a forced or distressed sale). The prices used by these Funds may differ from the value that would be realized if the investments were sold and the differences could be material to the financial statements.

Swaps will be generally valued using independent sources and/or agreements with counterparties or other procedures as determined by the Sponsor.

 

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Realized gains (losses) and changes in unrealized gain (loss) on open positions will be determined on a specific identification basis and recognized in the Statements of Operations in the period in which the contract is closed or the changes occur, respectively.

 

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CHARGES

Breakeven Table

The projected twelve-month breakeven analysis for the Funds is set forth in the Breakeven Table below. For purposes of calculating the amounts in the Breakeven Table for the Funds, the analysis assumes that the average daily NAV per Fund is $40.00.

 

    Dollar Amount and Percentage of Expenses per Fund  

Expenses 1

  ProShares Managed
Futures  Strategy
    ProShares Commodity
Managed  Futures
Strategy
    ProShares Financial
Managed  Futures
Strategy
 
    $     %     $     %     $      %  

Selling price per share

    40.00          40.00          40.00      

Management fee 2

    0.31        0.77     0.33        0.83     0.33         0.83

Offering Costs3

    0.07        0.18     0.05        0.12     0.05         0.12

Brokerage commissions and fees

    0.01        0.02     0.01        0.02     0.01         0.02

Other expenses4

    0.00        0.00     0.00        0.00     0.00         0.00

Total fees and expenses

    0.39        0.97     0.39        0.97     0.39         0.97

Interest income5

    (0.01)        (0.03 )%      (0.01)        (0.03 )%      (0.01)         (0.03 )% 

Amount of trading income required for the NAV at the end of one year to equal the initial selling price per share (12-Month breakeven)6

    0.38        0.94     0.38        0.94     0.38         0.94

 

* Not meaningful – amount is less than $0.005 or 0.005%.
1. The breakeven analysis set forth in this column assumes that the Shares have a constant month-end NAV and is based on $40.00 as the NAV per Share of each of the Funds. The initial price per Share to be paid by the initial Authorized Participants is $40.00 per Share. The actual NAV of each of the Funds will differ after the initial purchases by the initial Authorized Participants and is likely to change on a daily basis. The numbers provided in this chart have been rounded to the nearest 0.01. The breakeven analysis reflects all fees and expenses, including estimated rebalancing expenses, that are anticipated to be incurred by each Fund during the first year of an investor’s investment.
2. From the Management Fee, the Sponsor, though not contractually required, is responsible for paying the fees and expenses of the Administrator, Custodian, Distributor, Transfer Agent and all routine operational, administrative and other ordinary expenses of each Fund, including fees payable to index providers. Please note that these fees and expenses are not included in the above breakeven table.
3. Expenses incurred in connection with the initial offering of the Fund’s shares will be paid by the Trust, and the Sponsor will not charge its fee in the first year of operations of each Fund in an amount equal to the organization and offering expenses and the Sponsor will reimburse a Fund to the extent that its organizational and offering costs exceeds 0.95% of each Fund’s average daily NAV for the first year of operations. Expenses incurred in connection with the continuous offering of Shares of each Fund after the commencement of its trading operations will be paid by the Sponsor.
4. In connection with orders to create and redeem Creation Units, Authorized Participants pay a fixed transaction fee in the amount of up to $500 per order. In connection with orders to create and redeem Creation Units, the Funds may also receive a variable fee of up to 0.10% of the value of the Creation Units that are purchased or sold from Authorized Participants. These transaction fees are charged on a transaction-by-transaction basis (and not on a Creation Unit-by-Creation Unit basis), and are borne by the Authorized Participants. They have not been included as an offsetting credit to brokerage commissions and fees. Actual brokerage commissions and fees may vary significantly from these amounts.
5. Based on current U.S. Treasury securities yields and anticipated investment levels in the various Funds, the breakeven analysis assumes an interest rate of 0.03% for the Funds.
6. Investors may pay customary brokerage commissions in connection with purchases of the Shares. Because such brokerage commission rates will vary from investor to investor, such brokerage commissions have not been included in the Breakeven Table. Investors are encouraged to review the terms of their brokerage accounts for applicable charges.

 

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Organization and Offering Stage

Offering Costs

Offering costs will be amortized by the Funds over a twelve month period on a straight line basis. The Sponsor will not charge its fee in the first year of operations of each Fund in an amount equal to the offering costs incurred by such Fund. The Sponsor will reimburse each such Fund to the extent that its offering costs exceed 0.95% of its average daily NAV for the first year of operations. Normal and expected expenses incurred in connection with the continuous offering of Shares of each Fund are paid by the Sponsor.

Operational Stage

Management Fee

Each Fund will pay the Sponsor a management fee (the “Management Fee”), monthly in arrears, in an amount equal to 0.95% per annum of its average daily NAV except as noted under “Offering Costs,” above. No other management fee is paid by the Funds. The Management Fee is paid in consideration of the Sponsor’s trading advisory services and the other services provided to the Funds that the Sponsor pays directly.

Licensing Fee

The Sponsor will pay S&P a licensing fee for use of the Index and Sub-Indexes as benchmarks for the Funds.

Routine Operational, Administrative and Other Ordinary Expenses

The Sponsor will pay all of the routine operational, administrative and other ordinary expenses of each Fund, generally, as determined by the Sponsor, including, but not limited to, fees and expenses of the Administrator, Custodian, Distributor and Transfer Agent, licensing fees, accounting and audit fees and expenses, tax preparation expenses, legal fees not in excess of $100,000 per annum, ongoing SEC registration fees not exceeding 0.021% per annum of the NAV of the Funds, Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”) filing fees, individual K-1 preparation and mailing fees not exceeding 0.10% per annum of the NAV of the Funds, and report preparation and mailing expenses.

Non-Recurring Fees and Expenses

The Funds will pay all of their non-recurring and unusual fees and expenses, if any, as determined by the Sponsor. Non-recurring and unusual fees and expenses are fees and expenses which are unexpected or unusual in nature, such as legal claims and liabilities and litigation costs or indemnification or other unanticipated expenses. Extraordinary fees and expenses also include material expenses which are not currently anticipated obligations of the Funds. Routine operational, administrative and other ordinary expenses are not deemed extraordinary expenses.

Selling Commission

Retail investors may purchase and sell Shares through traditional brokerage accounts. Investors are expected to be charged a customary commission by their brokers in connection with purchases of Shares that will vary from investor to investor. Investors are encouraged to review the terms of their brokerage accounts for applicable charges. The price at which an Authorized Participant sells a Share may be higher or lower than the price paid by such Authorized Participant in connection with the creation of such Share in a Creation Unit.

Brokerage Commissions and Fees

Each Fund pays all of its respective brokerage commissions, including applicable exchange fees, NFA fees and give-up fees, pit brokerage fees and other transaction related fees and expenses charged in connection with trading activities for each Fund’s investments in CFTC regulated investments.

Other Transaction Costs

The Funds will bear other transaction costs including the effects of trading spreads and financing costs/fees associated with the use of Financial Instruments and costs relating to the purchase of U.S. Treasury securities or similar high credit quality, short-term fixed-income or similar securities (such as shares of money market funds and collateralized repurchase agreements). The effects of these other transaction costs are not included in the above breakeven analysis.

 

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FUTURES COMMISSION MERCHANT

Each of Jeffries Bache, LLC (“JBL”) (formerly Prudential Bache Commodities, LLC), RBC Capital Markets Corporation (“RBC”) and Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated (“Merrill Lynch”), in its capacity as a registered FCM, serves as the Funds’ clearing broker and as such arranges for the execution and clearing of the Funds’ futures transactions. Each of JBL, Merrill Lynch and RBC acts as clearing broker for many other funds and individuals. A variety of executing brokers may execute futures transactions on behalf of the Funds. The executing brokers will give up all such transactions to JBL, Merrill Lynch or RBC, as applicable.

The investor should be advised that neither JBL, Merrill Lynch nor RBC is affiliated with or acts as a supervisor of the Funds or the Funds’ commodity trading advisors, investment managers, trustees, general partners, administrators, transfer agents, registrars or organizers. Additionally, neither JBL, Merrill Lynch nor RBC is acting as an underwriter or sponsor of the offering of any Shares or interests in the Funds or has passed upon the merits of participating in this offering.

Neither JBL, Merrill Lynch nor RBC has passed upon the adequacy of this Prospectus or on the accuracy of the information contained herein. Additionally, neither JBL, Merrill Lynch nor RBC provides any commodity trading advice regarding the Funds’ trading activities. Investors should not rely upon JBL, Merrill Lynch or RBC in deciding whether to invest in the Funds or retain their interests in the Funds. Investors should also note that the Funds may select additional clearing brokers or replace JBL, Merrill Lynch and/or RBC as the Funds’ clearing broker.

Litigation and Regulatory Disclosure Relating to the FCMs

JBL

In April 2006, one of JBL’s commodities brokers filed an arbitration proceeding in connection with the broker’s termination based upon allegations of sexual harassment. The broker alleged that the termination was a pretext to steal his business without compensation. The claims, brought against an affiliate of JBL, included fraud, breach of contract, unjust enrichment, quantum ,meruit and defamation. The claimant sought damages in excess of $28 million, of which $25 million was for defamation, and unspecified punitive damages. The parties settled this matter in December 2007, prior to the arbitration hearing scheduled for January 2008. The former employee executed a Settlement Agreement and General Release dismissing the matter with prejudice, essentially in exchange for commissions owed, interest and certain costs associated with the proceeding.

In December 2009, JBL was served with served with a statement of claim in an arbitration brought before the NFA. The claimant, an oil company involved in the marketing, supply and transportation of petroleum products (the “Claimant”), alleges that JBL knew that one of Claimant’s employees, who had been an authorized trader for the Claimant, engaged in unauthorized trading and that JBL permitted him to do so. Claimant alleges actual damages of $7 million and, to the extent it also alleges that JBL violated the “RICO” statute, claims treble damages, or $21 million. JBL has filed an answer denying any responsibility for the conduct of the Claimant’s employee.

Merrill Lynch

Merrill Lynch has been named as a defendant in various legal actions, including arbitrations, class actions and other litigation arising in connection with its activities as a global, diversified, financial services institution.

Some of the legal actions include claims for substantial compensatory and/or punitive damages or claims for indeterminate amounts of damages. In some cases, the issuers that would otherwise be the primary defendants in such cases are bankrupt or otherwise in financial distress. Merrill Lynch is also involved in investigations and/or proceedings by governmental and self-regulatory agencies.

Bank of America Corporation (“Bank of America”), Merrill Lynch’s ultimate parent, makes all required disclosures in its Annual Reports on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, which may be updated in reports on Form 8-K, all of which are filed with the SEC (“Regulatory Filings”). Merrill Lynch makes all required disclosures in its Form BD and ADV filings (“Form BD and ADV Filings”) with FINRA. Those Regulatory Filings and Form BD and ADV Filings include disclosures of regulatory inquiries as required by federal law and applicable regulations. The Regulatory Filings are publicly available on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. The Form BD filings are publicly available on the FINRA BrokerCheck system at http://www.finra.org/Investors/Tools Calculators/ BrokerCheck/index.htm. The Form ADV filings are publicly available on the SEC’s Investment Adviser Search website at: http://www.adviserinfo.sec.gov/(S(cerr0u55hmrw5a45022y3vnz))/IAPD/Content/Search/iapd_Search.aspx.

 

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In view of the inherent difficulty of predicting the outcome of litigation and regulatory matters, particularly where the claimants seek very large or indeterminate damages or where the matters present novel legal theories or involve a large number of parties, Merrill Lynch generally cannot predict what the eventual outcome of the pending matters will be, what the timing of the ultimate resolution of these matters will be, or what the eventual loss, fines or penalties related to each pending matter may be.

In accordance with applicable accounting guidance, Merrill Lynch establishes an accrued liability for litigation and regulatory matters when those matters present loss contingencies that are both probable and estimable. In such cases, there may be an exposure to loss in excess of any amounts accrued. When a loss contingency is not both probable and estimable, Merrill Lynch does not establish an accrued liability. As a litigation or regulatory matter develops, Merrill Lynch, in conjunction with any outside counsel handling the matter, evaluates on an ongoing basis whether such matter presents a loss contingency that is probable and estimable. If, at the time of evaluation, the loss contingency related to a litigation or regulatory matter is not both probable and estimable, the matter will continue to be monitored for further developments that would make such loss contingency both probable and estimable. Once the loss contingency related to a litigation or regulatory matter is deemed to be both probable and estimable, Merrill Lynch will establish an accrued liability with respect to such loss contingency and continue to monitor the matter for further developments that could affect the amount of the accrued liability that has been previously established.

In some of the matters described below, loss contingencies are not both probable and estimable in the view of management, and accordingly, an accrued liability has not been established for those matters. Information is provided below regarding the nature of these contingencies and, where specified, the amount of the claim associated with these loss contingencies. Based on current knowledge, management does not believe that loss contingencies arising from pending matters, will have a material adverse effect on Merrill Lynch’s consolidated financial position or liquidity. However, in light of the inherent uncertainties involved in these matters, and the very large or indeterminate damages sought in some or all of these matters, an adverse outcome in one or more of these matters could be material to Merrill Lynch’s results of operations or cash flows for any particular reporting period.

The actions against Merrill Lynch include, but are not limited to, the following:

Auction Rate Securities Litigation

Since October 2007, Merrill Lynch, and its former affiliate Banc of America Securities LLC (“BAS”, which was merged into Merrill Lynch on November 1, 2010 with Merrill Lynch as the surviving corporation in the merger) has been named as defendants in a variety of lawsuits and other proceedings brought by customers and both individual and institutional investors regarding auction rate securities (“ARS”). These actions generally allege that the defendants (i) misled the plaintiffs into believing that there was a deeply liquid market for ARS, and (ii) failed to adequately disclose their or their affiliates’ practice of placing their own bids to support ARS auctions. Plaintiffs assert that ARS auctions started failing from August 2007 through February 2008 when the defendants and other broker-dealers stopped placing those “support bids.” In addition to the matters described in more detail below, numerous arbitrations and individual lawsuits have been filed against Merrill Lynch and certain affiliates by parties who purchased ARS and are seeking relief that includes compensatory and punitive damages totaling in excess of $1.80 billion, as well as rescission, among other relief.

Securities Actions

Merrill Lynch and its direct corporate parent Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc. (the “Parent”) face a number of civil actions relating to the sales of ARS and management of ARS auctions, including two putative class action lawsuits in which the plaintiffs seek to recover the alleged losses in market value of ARS securities purportedly caused by the defendants’ actions. Plaintiffs also seek unspecified damages, including rescission, other compensatory and consequential damages, costs, fees and interest. The first action, In Re Merrill Lynch Auction Rate Securities Litigation, is the result of the consolidation of two separate class action suits in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. These suits were brought by two customers of Merrill Lynch, on behalf of all persons who purchased ARS in auctions managed by Merrill Lynch and other affiliates, against the Parent and Merrill Lynch. On March 31, 2010, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York granted defendants’ motion to dismiss. On April 22, 2010, a lead plaintiff filed a notice of appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, which is currently pending. The second action, Bondar v. Bank of America Corporation, was brought by a putative class of ARS purchasers against BAS and is currently pending in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. BAS has filed a motion to dismiss the amended complaint, which remains pending.

 

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Benistar

In Gail Cahaly, et al. v. Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated, Benistar Property Exchange Trust Co., Inc. (“Benistar”), et al. (Massachusetts Superior Court, Suffolk County, MA), plaintiffs alleged that Merrill Lynch aided and abetted a fraud, violation of a consumer protection law, and breach of fiduciary duty allegedly perpetrated by Benistar, a former client of Merrill Lynch, in connection with trading in the client’s account. During the proceedings, plaintiffs also made allegations that Merrill Lynch engaged in sanctionable conduct in connection with the discovery process and the trial. In 2002, following a trial, a jury rendered a verdict for plaintiffs. Thereafter, the court granted Merrill Lynch’s motion to vacate and plaintiffs’ motion for a new trial. On June 25, 2009, following a retrial, the jury found in plaintiffs’ favor. On January 11, 2011, the court entered rulings denying plaintiffs’ motion for sanctions and punitive damages, awarding certain plaintiffs consequential damages, and awarding attorneys’ fees and costs. On February 7, 2011, the court issued final judgment requiring Merrill Lynch to pay $9.7 million in consequential and compensatory damage plus statutory interest, and $8.7 million in attorneys’ fees and costs; but denying plaintiffs’ requests for punitive damages and sanctions. The client, a co-defendant, filed a notice of appeal of the court’s denial of its motion for a new trial on or about January 19, 2011. On or about January 24, 2011, plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal of the court’s denial of their motion for sanctions pursuant to Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 231 §6G. On March 1, 2011, the plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal of the court’s denial of their requests for punitive damages and sanctions, and Merrill Lynch filed a notice of cross appeal on March 15, 2011.

Illinois Funeral Directors Association Matters

Commencing in 1979, the Illinois Funeral Directors Association (“IFDA”), an Illinois not-for-profit corporation that serves as a trade association representative for the Illinois funeral industry, began providing trust services to Illinois consumers for the deposit of payments for pre-paid funeral services. Illinois law regulates the sale of pre-paid funeral goods and services and requires that proceeds of those sales be held in trust. In 1986, the IFDA began offering a tax-advantaged pre-need trust administered by its subsidiary, IFDA Services, Inc. (“IFDA Services”). The tax-advantaged pre-need trust invested primarily in variable universal life insurance (“VUL”) policies written against the lives of “keymen” of IFDA, its members and its affiliates. In response to the stated investment objectives of IFDA’s executive director and its board of directors, Merrill Lynch recommended the purchase of the VUL policies to IFDA for the tax-advantaged pre-need trust, and Merrill Lynch Life Agency, Inc. (“MLLA”), sold the pre-need trust approximately 270 VUL policies as investment vehicles.

During IFDA Services’ operation of the pre-need trust, it credited IFDA members with earnings on deposits into the pre-need trust based on a rate of return set by IFDA Services, even though the crediting rate sometimes exceeded the actual earnings on the trust investments. As a result, a deficit developed between the amounts that the IFDA credited to IFDA members and the actual earnings of the trust. The Illinois Office of the Comptroller, the trust’s regulator, removed IFDA Services as trustee of the trust in 2008, and asked Merrill Lynch Bank & Trust Company, FSB (“MLBTC”), to serve as successor trustee.

There currently are four court proceedings relating to the IFDA pre-need trust pending against the Parent and affiliated entities and their present and former employees:

On July 28, 2010, Charles G. Kurrus, III, P.C., a funeral director and owner of a funeral home, filed an action in the Circuit Court for the Twentieth Judicial Circuit, St. Clair County, Illinois, against Merrill Lynch, MLLA and MLBTC, among others, including present and former Company employees. The complaint, entitled Charles F. Kurrus, III, P.C. v. Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, Inc., et al., asserts causes of action for breach of the Illinois Consumer Fraud and Deceptive Business Practices Act and civil conspiracy against all defendants; breach of fiduciary duty against Merrill Lynch and MLBTC; and negligence and aiding and abetting breach of fiduciary duty against Merrill Lynch. The complaint seeks declaratory relief; disgorgement of all commissions, fees and revenues received by Merrill Lynch, MLLA and MLBTC; pre-judgment and post-judgment interest; an accounting; and attorneys’ fees. The complaint seeks: disgorgement and remittance of all commissions, premiums, fees and compensation paid to Merrill Lynch, MLLA, and MLBTC; an accounting; compensatory damages in an unliquidated amount; pre-judgment and post-judgment interest; reasonable attorneys’ and experts’ fees and costs. Defendants have filed motions to dismiss.

On June 16, 2009, a purported class action on behalf of a proposed class of pre-need contract holders, David Tipsword as Trustee of Mildred E. Tipsword Trust, individually and on behalf of all others similarly situated v. I.F.D.A. Services Inc., et al., was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Illinois against Merrill Lynch, among other defendants. The complaint alleges that Merrill Lynch breached purported fiduciary duties and committed negligence. Merrill Lynch filed a motion to dismiss the complaint, with prejudice, however, the Tipsword complaint was subject to a court-imposed stay until October 4, 2010. On November 22, 2010, plaintiff filed an amended complaint substituting Claudia Burns for Mr. Tipsword as plaintiff in an amended complaint. The amended complaint seeks compensatory damages in an unliquidated amount, punitive damages, reasonable attorneys’ fees, and costs. Merrill Lynch has filed a motion to dismiss.

 

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On June 30, 2009, a purported class action on behalf of a proposed class of funeral directors, Clancy-Gernon Funeral Home, Inc., et al. v. MLPF&S, et al., was filed in the Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois, alleging that Merrill Lynch and MLLA, among other defendants, committed consumer fraud, civil conspiracy, unjust enrichment, and conversion. Merrill Lynch and MLLA removed the complaint to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois, and the case ultimately transferred to the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Illinois and consolidated with the Tipsword action. Because of the consolidation with the Tipsword action, the Clancy-Gernon matter also was subject to the court-imposed stay until October 4, 2010. On November 9, 2010, plaintiff filed a third amended complaint, which added new parties, including MLBTC, and additional claims. In addition to the claims asserted in the original complaint, the complaint now asserts claims for fraud, breach of fiduciary duty, negligence and aiding and abetting fiduciary duty against Merrill Lynch and MLLA, and breach of fiduciary duty and negligence against MLBTC. Merrill Lynch, MLLA and MLBTC have filed motions to dismiss. The third amended complaint seeks: disgorgement and remittance of all commissions, premiums, fees and compensation paid to Merrill Lynch, MLLA, and MLBTC; an accounting; compensatory damages in an unliquidated amount; pre-judgment and post-judgment interest; reasonable attorneys’ and experts’ fees and costs.

On December 9, 2010, a purported class action on behalf of a proposed class of funeral directors, Pettett Funeral Home, Ltd., et al. v. MLPF&S, et al., was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Illinois, alleging that Merrill Lynch, MLLA and MLBTC, among other defendants, committed consumer fraud, civil conspiracy, unjust enrichment, and breach of fiduciary duty. On January 7, 2010, plaintiff filed a second amended complaint, which added claims for fraud, negligence and aiding and abetting fiduciary duty against Merrill Lynch, MLLA and MLBTC, and added an additional breach of fiduciary duty claim against MLBTC. The second amended complaint seeks: disgorgement and remittance of all commissions, premiums, fees and compensation paid to Merrill Lynch, MLLA, and MLBTC; an accounting; compensatory damages in an unliquidated amount; punitive damages; restitution; pre-judgment and post-judgment interest; reasonable attorneys’ and experts’ fees and costs. On January 19, 2011, defendants filed a motion to consolidate this matter with the Tipsword and Clancy-Gernon actions and to dismiss the second amended complaint with prejudice.

In re Initial Public Offering Securities Litigation

The Parent, Merrill Lynch, including BAS, and another affiliate of the Parent, along with other underwriters, and various issuers and others, were named as defendants in a number of putative class action lawsuits that have been consolidated in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York as In re Initial Public Offering Securities Litigation. Plaintiffs contend, among other things, that defendants failed to make certain required disclosures in the registration statements and prospectuses for applicable offerings regarding alleged agreements with institutional investors that tied allocations in certain offerings to the purchase orders by those investors in the aftermarket. Plaintiffs allege that such agreements allowed defendants to manipulate the price of the securities sold in these offerings in violation of Section 11 of the 1933 Act and Section 10(b) of the 1934 Act and SEC rules promulgated thereunder. The parties agreed to settle the matter, for which the court granted final approval in an amount that was not material to Merrill Lynch’s results of operations. Some putative class members have filed an appeal, which remains pending, in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit seeking reversal of the final approval.

Lehman Brothers Holdings, Inc. Litigation

Beginning in September 2008, Merrill Lynch, including BAS, and affiliated entities, along with other underwriters and individuals, were named as defendants in several putative class action lawsuits filed in federal and state courts. All of these cases have since been transferred or conditionally transferred to the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York under the caption In re Lehman Brothers Securities and ERISA Litigation. Plaintiffs allege that the underwriter defendants violated Section 11 of the 1933 Act, as well as various state laws, by making false or misleading disclosures about the real estate-related investments and mortgage lending practices of Lehman Brothers Holdings, Inc. (“LBHI”) in connection with various debt and convertible stock offerings of LBHI. Plaintiffs seek unspecified damages. On June 4, 2010, defendants filed a motion to dismiss the complaint, which remains pending.

MBIA Insurance Corporation CDO Litigation

On April 30, 2009, MBIA and LaCrosse Financial Products, LLC filed a complaint in New York State Supreme Court, New York County, against Merrill Lynch and Merrill Lynch International (“MLI”) under the caption MBIA Insurance Corporation and LaCrosse Financial Products, LLC v. Merrill Lynch Pierce Fenner and Smith Inc., and Merrill Lynch International (“MLI”). The complaint relates to certain credit default swap and insurance agreements by which plaintiffs provided credit protection to Merrill Lynch and MLI and other parties on CDO securities. Plaintiffs claim that Merrill Lynch and MLI did not adequately disclose the credit quality and other risks of the CDO securities and underlying collateral. The complaint alleges claims for fraud, negligent misrepresentation, breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing and breach of contract and seeks rescission and unspecified

 

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compensatory and punitive damages, among other relief. On April 9, 2010, the court granted defendants’ motion to dismiss as to the fraud, negligent misrepresentation, and breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing and rescission claims, as well as a portion of the breach of contract claim. Plaintiffs have appealed the dismissal of their claims and MLI has cross-appealed the denial of its motion to dismiss the breach of contract claim in its entirety. On February 1, 2011, the appellate court dismissed the case against MLI in its entirety. MBIA has filed a request to appeal the appellate court’s decision to the New York State Court of Appeal and has requested permission from the trial court to file an amended complaint.

Mortgage-Backed Securities Litigation

The Parent, Merrill Lynch, including BAS, and their affiliates have been named as defendants in several cases relating to their various roles as issuer, originator, seller, depositor, sponsor, underwriter and/or controlling entity in mortgage-backed securities (“MBS”) offerings, pursuant to which the MBS investors were entitled to a portion of the cash flow from the underlying pools of mortgages. These cases generally include purported class action suits and actions by individual MBS purchasers. Although the allegations vary by lawsuit, these cases generally allege that the registration statements, prospectuses and prospectus supplements for securities issued by securitization trusts contained material misrepresentations and omissions, in violation of Sections 11 and 12 of the 1933 Act and/or state securities laws and other state statutory and common laws.

These cases generally involve allegations of false and misleading statements regarding (i) the process by which the properties that served as collateral for the mortgage loans underlying the MBS were appraised; (ii) the percentage of equity that mortgage borrowers had in their homes; (iii) the borrowers’ ability to repay their mortgage loans; and (iv) the underwriting practices by which those mortgage loans were originated (collectively, the “MBS Claims”). In addition, several of the cases discussed below assert claims related to the ratings given to the different tranches of MBS by rating agencies. Plaintiffs in these cases generally seek unspecified compensatory damages, unspecified costs and legal fees and, in some instances, seek rescission.

IndyMac Litigation

In 2006 and 2007, Merrill Lynch and other financial institutions participated as underwriters in MBS offerings in which IndyMac MBS, Inc. securitized residential mortgage loans originated or acquired by IndyMac Bank, F.S.B. (“IndyMac Bank”) and created trusts that issued MBS. In 2009, Bank of America was named as an underwriter defendant, along with several other financial institutions, in its alleged capacity as “successor-in-interest” to Merrill Lynch in a consolidated class action in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, entitled In re IndyMac Mortgage-Backed Securities Litigation. In their complaint, plaintiffs assert MBS Claims relating to 106 offerings of IndyMac-related MBS. On June 21, 2010, the court dismissed Bank of America from the action because the plaintiffs failed to plead sufficient facts to support their allegation that it is the “successor-in-interest” to Merrill Lynch. On August 3, 2010, plaintiffs filed a motion to add Merrill Lynch as a defendant, which Merrill Lynch has opposed.

Merrill Lynch MBS Litigation

The Parent, Merrill Lynch, Merrill Lynch Mortgage Investors, Inc. (“MLMI”) and certain current and former directors of MLMI are named as defendants in a putative consolidated class action in the U.S. District Court in the Southern District of New York, entitled Public Employees’ Ret. System of Mississippi v. Merrill Lynch & Co. Inc. In addition to MBS Claims, plaintiffs also allege that the offering documents for the MBS misrepresented or omitted material facts regarding the credit ratings assigned to the securities. In March 2010, the court dismissed claims related to 65 of 84 offerings with prejudice due to lack of standing as no named plaintiff purchased securities in those offerings. On November 8, 2010, the court dismissed claims related to 1 of 19 remaining offerings on separate grounds. Merrill Lynch was the sole underwriter of these 18 offerings. On December 1, 2010, defendants filed an answer to the consolidated amended complaint.

Cambridge Place Investment Management Litigation

Cambridge Place Investment Management Inc. (“CPIM”), as the alleged exclusive assignee of certain entities that allegedly purchased MBS offered or sold by BAS and Merrill Lynch brought an action against Merrill Lynch, BAS and MLMI in Massachusetts Superior Court, Suffolk County, entitled Cambridge Place Investment Management Inc. v. Morgan Stanley & Co., Inc., et al. CPIM also brought claims against more than 50 other defendants in this action. In addition to MBS Claims, CPIM contends that BAS, Merrill Lynch, and MLMI made false and misleading statements in violation of the Massachusetts Uniform Securities Act regarding (i) due diligence performed by the underwriters on the mortgage loans and the mortgage originators’ underwriting practices; and (ii) the credit enhancements applicable to certain tranches of the MBS. On August 13, 2010, certain defendants removed the case to the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts. On September 13, 2010, CPIM filed a motion to remand the case back to state court.

 

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On October 12, 2010, the court referred the motion to remand to a Magistrate Judge for consideration. On December 28, 2010, the Magistrate Judge issued a report and recommendation that the action be remanded to state court. The action has since been remanded to the Massachusetts Superior Court for Suffolk County.

On February 11, 2011, CPIM commenced a separate civil action in Massachusetts Superior Court, Suffolk County, captioned Cambridge Place Investment Management Inc. v. Morgan Stanley & Co., Inc., et al., in connection with the offering or sale of certain additional MBS by BAS, Merrill Lynch, Countrywide Securities Corporation (“CSC”), several of their affiliates, and more than 40 other defendants. CPIM alleges that it is the assignee of the claims of certain entities that allegedly purchased MBS issued or sold by BAS, Merrill Lynch, and CSC in various offerings. In addition to MBS Claims, CPIM contends that BAS, Merrill Lynch, CSC and their affiliates made false and misleading statements in violation of the Massachusetts Uniform Securities Act in connection with these offerings regarding: (i) due diligence performed by the underwriters on the mortgage loans and the mortgage originators’ underwriting practices; (ii) the credit enhancements applicable to certain tranches of the MBS; and (iii) the validity of each issuing trust’s title to the mortgage loans comprising the pool for that securitization.

Federal Home Loan Bank Litigation

The Federal Home Loan Bank of Chicago (“FHLB Chicago”) filed a complaint against Merrill Lynch and BAS in the Illinois Circuit Court, Cook County, entitled Federal Home Loan Bank of Chicago v. Banc of America Funding Corp., et al (the “Illinois Action”). FHLB Chicago also filed a complaint against BAS in the Superior Court of California, Los Angeles County, entitled Federal Home Loan Bank of Chicago v. Banc of America Securities LLC, et al. (the “California Action”). In addition to certain MBS Claims, FHLB Chicago contends that defendants made false and misleading statements regarding among other things, the guidelines for extending mortgages to borrowers and the due diligence performed on repurchased and pooled loans. Both actions have been removed to federal court.

The Federal Home Loan Bank of Seattle (“FHLB Seattle”) filed two separate complaints, each against different defendants, including Merrill Lynch, MLMI and Merrill Lynch Mortgage Capital, Inc. (“MLMC”), and BAS, as well as certain other defendants, in the Superior Court of Washington for King County concerning separate issuances, entitled Federal Home Loan Bank of Seattle v. Banc of America Securities LLC, et al, and Federal Home Loan Bank of Seattle v. Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, Inc., et al. In addition to certain MBS Claims, FHLB Seattle contends that defendants made false and misleading statements regarding the number of borrowers who actually lived in the houses that secured the mortgage loans, and the business practices of the lending institutions that made the mortgage loans. FHLB Seattle claims that the sales violated the Securities Act of Washington. On October 18, 2010, BAS and other defendants filed a consolidated motion to dismiss the first complaint, which is currently pending. On the same date, Merrill Lynch entities named as defendants in the second case (Merrill Lynch, MLMI, MLMC) filed a motion to dismiss the amended complaint, which is currently pending.

The Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco (“FHLB San Francisco”) filed two actions against different defendants, including Merrill Lynch and BAS, in the Superior Court of California, County of San Francisco, entitled (i) Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco v. Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC, et al, which asserts claims against the BAS and others; and (ii) Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco v. Deutsche Bank Securities Inc., et al, which asserts claims against Merrill Lynch and others. In addition to certain MBS Claims, FHLB San Francisco contends that defendants made false and misleading statements regarding the original mortgage lenders’ guidelines for extending the loans to borrowers. FHLB San Francisco also claims that defendants failed to disclose that third party rating services’ credit ratings of the MBS did not take into account defendants’ false and misleading statements about the mortgage loans underlying the MBS. On November 5, 2010, FHLB San Francisco sought permission from the court to amend its complaint in the first action to include Bank of America as a defendant and, among other things, to assert control person liability claims against Bank of America under state and federal securities laws and to assert that Bank of America succeeded to Countrywide Financial Corporation’s (“CFC”) interests. Defendants had removed the state court actions to federal court, but on December 20, 2010 the U.S. District Court, Northern District of California remanded the cases to state court and denied a motion to amend the complaint as moot when it granted remand. On November 5, 2010, FHLB San Francisco also filed a declaratory action in the Superior Court of California, County of San Francisco, entitled Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco v. Bank of America Corporation and Does 1-10, seeking a determination that Bank of America is a successor to the liabilities of CFC – including the liabilities at issue in Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco v. Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC.

Charles Schwab Litigation

The Charles Schwab Corporation (“Schwab”) has filed an individual action against BAS and others, in the Superior Court of California, County of San Francisco on July 15, 2010 entitled The Charles Schwab Corp. v. BNP Paribas Securities Corp., et. al. This

 

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action is in connection with the purchase by Schwab of approximately $166 million of MBS which relates to claims with respect to BAS. In addition to MBS Claims, Schwab contends that BAS is liable for false and misleading statements regarding among other things, the business practices of the lending institution that made the original loan and MBS credit ratings. In September 2010, BAS joined in and consented to the removal of this action to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. Schwab has filed a motion to remand the action to California state court, which remains pending.

Regulatory Actions

Electronic Mail Settlement

The SEC alleged and Merrill Lynch neither admitted nor denied, that Merrill Lynch failed to furnish promptly to representatives of the SEC electronic mail communications (“Emails”) as required under Section 17(a) of the 1934 Act and Rule 17A-4(j) thereunder. The SEC also alleged, and Merrill Lynch neither admitted nor denied, that Merrill Lynch failed to retain certain emails related to its business as such in violation of Section 17(a) of the 1934 Act and Rule 17A-4(b)(4) thereunder. Merrill Lynch submitted, and the SEC accepted, an offer of settlement whereby, without admitting or denying the findings contained in the SEC’s order, Merrill Lynch consented to a cease and desist order, a censure, a civil money penalty of $2,500,000 paid to the SEC on March 17, 2006, and compliance with certain undertakings relating to the retention of e-mails and the prompt production of e-mails to the SEC. As part of a settlement relating to the retention of emails and the prompt production of emails to the SEC, the SEC accepted Merrill Lynch’s offer of settlement on March 13, 2006. The civil money penalty of $2,500,000 was paid on March 17, 2006.

2006 Auction Rate Securities Settlement

The SEC found, and Merrill Lynch neither admitted nor denied, that Merrill Lynch violated Section 17(a)(2) of the 1933 Act by managing auctions for auction rate securities in ways that were not adequately disclosed or that did not conform to disclosed procedures. Merrill Lynch submitted, and the SEC accepted, an offer of settlement whereby, without admitting or denying the findings contained in the SEC’s order, Merrill Lynch consented to a cease and desist order, a censure, a civil money penalty of $1,500,000 (paid to the SEC on June 1, 2006) and compliance with certain undertakings to provide customers with written descriptions of Merrill Lynch’s material auction practices and procedures and to implement procedures reasonably designed to prevent and detect failures by Merrill Lynch to conduct auctions for auction rate securities in accordance with disclosed procedures. As part of a settlement relating to managing auctions for auction rate securities, the SEC accepted Merrill Lynch’s offer of settlement and issued a settlement order on May 31, 2006. A civil money penalty of $1,500,000 was paid to the SEC on June 1, 2006.

Squawk Box Settlement

The SEC alleged, and Merrill Lynch neither admitted nor denied, that Merrill Lynch failed to maintain policies and procedures reasonably designed to prevent the misuse of customer order information as required by Section 15(f) of the 1934 Act and Section 204A of the Advisers Act. The order (1) requires that Merrill Lynch cease and desist from committing or causing any future violations of the provisions charged, (2) censures Merrill Lynch, (3) imposed a civil money penalty in the amount of $7,000,000, and (4) orders Merrill Lynch to comply with undertakings regarding the enhancement of certain policies and procedures. On March 11, 2009, without admitting or denying the SEC’s findings, Merrill Lynch consented to the entry of an administrative SEC order finding violations of Section 15(f) of the 1934 Act and Section 204A of the Advisers Act for allegedly failing to maintain written policies and procedures reasonably designed to prevent the misuse of customer order information. The order requires Merrill Lynch to comply with undertakings to implement (or to continue) and maintain policies and procedures to, among things: (1) inform employees that information concerning customer order information is confidential, (2) address employee access to the equity squawk box, and (3) train employees who use squawk box related technology. In addition, Merrill Lynch’s internal audit department shall conduct periodic reviews of these policies and procedures and provide the SEC staff with a copy of the audit report.

Consulting Services Settlement

On January 30, 2009, Merrill Lynch, without admitting or denying any findings of misconduct by the SEC, consented to the entry of an administrative order by the SEC that (1) found that Merrill Lynch violated Sections 204 and 206(2) of the Advisers Act, and Rule 204-2(a)(14) thereunder; (2) required that Merrill Lynch cease and desist from committing or causing any violation or further violations of the provisions charged; (3) censured Merrill Lynch pursuant to Section 203(e) of the Advisers Act; and (4) required Merrill Lynch to pay a civil money penalty of $1 million. The order found that Merrill Lynch, through its pension consulting services advisory program, breached its fiduciary duty to certain current and prospective pension fund clients by misrepresenting and omitting to disclose material information.

 

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Multi-State Auction Rate Securities Settlement

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts Office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth Securities Division (“MSD”) alleged that Merrill Lynch violated the Massachusetts Uniform Securities Act, which, in part, prohibits unethical or dishonest conduct or practices in the securities business, concerning the sale of ARS to retail and other customers by Merrill Lynch. Without admitting or denying the allegations, Merrill Lynch entered into a settlement with the MSD, in which it agreed to certain undertakings, including offering to buy back eligible ARS from eligible investors. Merrill Lynch agreed to pay the MSD a civil penalty of $1,598,650.90, as part of a $125,000,000 fine that will be allocated at the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and other states’ discretion to resolve all underlying conduct relating to the sale of ARS.

Banc of America Investment Services, Inc./Banc of America Securities LLC Auction Rate Securities Settlement

As the result of the merger of Banc of America Investment Services, Inc. (“BAI”) with and into Merrill Lynch on October 23, 2009 and the merger of Banc of America Securities LLC (“BAS”) with and into Merrill Lynch on November 1, 2010, Merrill Lynch assumed the liabilities of BAI and BAS in the following matter: The SEC alleged that BAI and BAS (together, the “Firms”), misled customers regarding the fundamental nature and increasing risks associated with ARS that the Firms underwrote, marketed, and sold. The SEC also alleged that, by engaging in such conduct, the Firms violated Section 15(c) of the 1934 Act, as amended. The Firms neither admit nor deny these allegations. Among other undertakings, the Firms have, through their affiliate Blue Ridge Investments, L.L.C., offered to purchase at par from “Individual Investors” (as defined in the Consent of Defendants Banc of America Securities LLC and Banc of America Investment Services, Inc.) certain ARS, and have substantially completed the purchase of those ARS. The Firms have also agreed to pay a total civil penalty of $50,000,000 that will be distributed among the states and U.S. territories that enter into administrative or civil consent orders related to ARS.

Multi-State Client Associate Registration Settlement

The Texas State Securities Board (the “Board”) alleged that in connection with the sale of securities in Texas by certain of Merrill Lynch’s client associates who were not registered in Texas, Merrill Lynch failed to establish a supervisory system reasonably designed to achieve compliance with the Texas Securities Act and Rules and Regulations of the Texas State Securities Board (the “Board Rules”) and failed to enforce its established written procedures in violation of §§ 115.10(a) and (b)(1) of the Board Rules, respectively. Without admitting or denying the findings of fact or conclusions of law, Merrill Lynch entered into a Consent Order with the Board in which it agreed to a reprimand, to cease and desist from engaging in the sale of securities in Texas through unregistered agents, and to comply with certain undertakings. Merrill Lynch agreed to pay the State of Texas $1,568,985.00, as part of a total payment, consisting of fines, penalties and any other monetary sanctions, of $26,563,094.50 that will be allocated among the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Merrill Lynch also agreed to pay $25,000.00 to the North American Securities Administrators Association (“NASAA”) as consideration for financial assistance provided by NASAA in connection with the multi-state investigation.

Muni Derivatives Settlement

As the result of the merger of BAS with and into Merrill Lynch on November 1, 2010, Merrill Lynch assumed the liabilities of BAS in the following matter: On December 7, 2010, the SEC issued an administrative and cease-and-desist order finding that BAS willfully violated Section 15(c)(1)(A) of the 1934 Act when certain employees participated in improper bidding practices involving the temporary investment of proceeds of tax-exempt municipal securities in reinvestment products during the period 1998-2002. The order censured BAS, ordered BAS to cease and desist from committing or causing such violations and future violations, and ordered BAS to pay disgorgement plus prejudgment interest in the amount of $36,096,442.00. BAS consented to the order without admitting or denying the SEC’s findings.

Prop Trading Settlement

Pursuant to an offer of settlement made by Merrill Lynch, the SEC issued on January 25, 2011 an order finding that between February 2003 and February 2005 Merrill Lynch market makers executing institutional customer orders for securities sometimes shared information concerning those trades with traders on a Merrill Lynch securities proprietary trading desk. The order found that, at times, Merrill Lynch’s securities proprietary traders used that information to place trades for Merrill Lynch after execution of the institutional customer order. The order found that this disclosure and use of institutional customer order information by Merrill Lynch’s traders was improper and contrary to Merrill Lynch’s confidentiality representations to its customers. The order also found instances between 2002 and 2007 when Merrill Lynch charged institutional and high net worth customers undisclosed mark-ups and

 

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mark-downs on riskless securities principal trades for which Merrill Lynch had agreed to charge the customer only a commission equivalent fee. The order found that, in doing so, Merrill Lynch acted improperly and contrary to its agreements with its customers. The order also found that from 2002 through 2007 Merrill Lynch failed in many instances to make records of its agreements with institutional customers to guarantee an execution price, which agreements were part of the terms and conditions of the institutional customer orders. The order found that, as a result of its conduct, Merrill Lynch willfully violated Section 15(c)(1)(A) of the 1934 Act by effecting transactions in securities by means of manipulative, deceptive or other fraudulent devices or contrivances, and willfully violated Section 15(g) of the 1934 Act by failing to establish, maintain, and enforce written policies and procedures reasonably designed to prevent the misuse of material, nonpublic information. The order also found that under Section 15(b)(4)(E) of the 1934 Act, Merrill Lynch failed reasonably to supervise its traders with a view towards preventing them from violating the federal securities laws. The order also found that Merrill Lynch willfully violated Section 17(a) of the 1934 Act and Rule 17a-3(a)(6) thereunder by failing to record certain terms and conditions of customer orders. Merrill Lynch neither admitted nor denied the findings in the order. The findings in the order are not binding on any person or entity other than Merrill Lynch. On December 17, 2010, Merrill Lynch submitted an offer of settlement to the SEC. In the offer of settlement, Merrill Lynch agreed to consent to the entry of the order, without admitting or denying the findings contained therein (other than those relating to jurisdiction). The order was issued on January 25, 2011. The order (1) required that Merrill Lynch cease and desist from committing or causing any violations and any future violations of Sections 15(c)(1)(A), 15(g) and 17(a) of the 1934 Act and Rule 17a-3(a)(6) thereunder; (2) censured Merrill Lynch pursuant to Section 15(b)(4) of the 1934 Act; and (3) required pursuant to Section 15(b)(4) and Section 21B of the 1934 Act that Merrill Lynch pay a civil money penalty in the amount of $10 million. The penalty was paid on February 1, 2011.

Margin Levels Expected to be Held at the FCMs

The following is based on how the Funds initially will be managed as of the date of this Prospectus. While the portfolio composition may vary over time, it is not expected that the Funds will ever have futures exposure greater than 1x the Funds’ assets. The margin levels described below are based upon current exchange requirements for non-hedger accounts. It is possible that the Funds’ FCMs will require margins greater than the levels set by the relevant exchange and it is also possible that the Funds may qualify for the lower margin levels available to hedge accounts. However, because there is no certainty as to these probabilities, the estimates are made with the assumption that the applicable margin levels for the Funds are the current exchange margin levels for non-hedger accounts. The expected amount is listed first and the maximum amount is listed second. These amounts are based on current margin requirements and current futures levels. They will fluctuate with changes to either factor.

Initially, ProShares Managed Futures Strategy expects to have futures contracts with notional amounts equal to approximately 100% of Fund assets. As of February 7, 2012, the minimum margin requirement as a percentage of futures notional was approximately 4.9%. Thus, the minimum margin held at FCMs will be approximately 4.9% of Fund assets.

Initially, ProShares Commodity Managed Futures Strategy expects to have futures contracts with notional amounts equal to approximately 100% of Fund assets. As of February 7, 2012, the minimum margin requirement as a percentage of futures notional was approximately 7.0%. Thus, the minimum margin held at FCMs will be approximately 7.0% of Fund assets.

Initially, ProShares Financial Managed Futures Strategy expects to have futures contracts with notional amounts equal to approximately 100% of Fund assets. As of February 7, 2012, the minimum margin requirement as a percentage of futures notional was approximately 2.6%. Thus, the minimum margin held at FCMs will be approximately 2.6% of Fund assets.

The Funds receive the income on any securities or other property of the Funds transferred to the FCMs to fulfill requirements for margin to be held by the FCMs in respect of commodity interests, and receive a negotiated portion of any income derived by the FCMs in respect of any cash transferred to the FCMs and held for this purpose.

 

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MATERIAL U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS

The following discussion describes the material U.S. federal (and certain state and local) income tax considerations associated with the purchase, ownership and disposition of Shares as of the date hereof by U.S. Shareholders (as defined below) and non-U.S. Shareholders (as defined below). Except where noted, this discussion deals only with Shares held as capital assets by shareholders who acquired Shares by purchase and does not address special situations, such as those of:

 

   

dealers in securities or commodities;

 

   

financial institutions;

 

   

regulated investment companies;

 

   

real estate investment trusts;

 

   

partnerships and persons in their capacity as partners;

 

   

tax-exempt organizations;

 

   

insurance companies;

 

   

persons holding Shares as a part of a hedging, integrated or conversion transaction or a straddle;

 

   

traders in securities that elect to use a mark-to-market method of accounting for their securities holdings; or

 

   

persons liable for alternative minimum tax.

Furthermore, the discussion below is based upon the provisions of the Code, the Regulations, and administrative and judicial interpretations thereof, all as of the date hereof, and such authorities may be repealed, revoked, modified or subject to differing interpretations, possibly on a retroactive basis, so as to result in U.S. federal income tax consequences different from those described below.

A “U.S. Shareholder” of Shares means a beneficial owner of Shares that is for U.S. federal income tax purposes:

 

   

an individual that is a citizen or resident of the United States;

 

   

a corporation (or other entity taxable as a corporation) created or organized in or under the laws of the United States, any state thereof or the District of Columbia;

 

   

an estate the income of which is subject to U.S. federal income taxation regardless of its source; or

 

   

a trust if it (1) is subject to the primary supervision of a court within the United States and one or more U.S. persons have the authority to control all substantial decisions of such trust or (2) has a valid election in effect under applicable Regulations to be treated as a U.S. person.

A “non-U.S. Shareholder” of Shares means a beneficial owner of Shares that is for U.S. federal income tax purposes:

 

   

an individual that is a nonresident alien;

 

   

a foreign corporation;

 

   

a foreign estate; or

 

   

a foreign trust.

If a partnership or other entity or arrangement treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes holds Shares, the tax treatment of a partner will generally depend upon the status of the partner and the activities of the partnership. If an investor is a partner of a partnership holding Shares, the Trust urges such investor to consult its own tax adviser.

No statutory, administrative or judicial authority directly addresses the treatment of Shares or instruments similar to Shares for U.S. federal income tax purposes. As a result, the Trust cannot assure investors that the IRS or the courts will agree with the tax consequences described herein. A different treatment from that described below could adversely affect the amount, timing and character of income, gain or loss in respect of an investment in the Shares. If an investor is considering the purchase of Shares, the Trust urges investors to consult their own tax adviser concerning the particular U.S. federal income tax consequences to investors of the purchase, ownership and disposition of Shares, as well as any consequences to investors arising under the laws of any other taxing jurisdiction.

 

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Status of the Funds

Under Section 7704 of the Code, unless certain exceptions apply, a publicly traded partnership is generally treated and taxed as a corporation, and not as a partnership, for U.S. federal income tax purposes. A partnership is a publicly traded partnership if (1) interests in the partnership are traded on an established securities market or (2) interests in the partnership are readily tradable on a secondary market or the substantial equivalent thereof. It is expected that initially or in the future each Fund may be treated as a publicly traded partnership. If 90% or more of the income of a publicly traded partnership during each taxable year consists of “qualifying income” and the partnership is not required to register under the Investment Company Act, it will be treated as a partnership, and not as an association or publicly traded partnership taxable as a corporation, for U.S. federal income tax purposes (the “qualifying income exception”). Qualifying income includes dividends, interest, capital gains from the sale or other disposition of stocks and debt instruments and, in the case of a partnership a principal activity of which is the buying and selling of commodities or certain positions with respect to commodities, income and gains derived from certain swap agreements or regulated futures with respect to commodities. Each Fund anticipates that at least 90% of its gross income for each taxable year will constitute qualifying income within the meaning of Section 7704(d) of the Code.

Clifford Chance US LLP has acted as counsel to the Trust in connection with this offering. Under current law and assuming full compliance with the terms of the Trust Agreement (and other relevant documents) and based on factual representations made by each Fund, in the opinion of Clifford Chance US LLP, each Fund will be classified as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes. The factual representations upon which Clifford Chance US LLP has relied are: (1) the Funds have not elected and will not elect to be treated as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes; and (2) for each taxable year, 90% or more of a Fund’s gross income will be qualifying income. Shareholders should be aware that opinions of counsel are not binding on the IRS, and no assurance can be given that the IRS will not challenge the conclusions set forth in such opinion. Each Fund’s sponsor will use its best efforts to cause the operation of a Fund in such manner as is necessary for a Fund to continue to meet the qualifying income exception.

While it is expected that each Fund will operate so that it will qualify to be treated for U.S. federal income tax purposes as a partnership, and not as an association or a publicly traded partnership taxable as a corporation, given the highly complex nature of the rules governing partnerships, the ongoing importance of factual determinations, the lack of direct guidance with respect to the application of tax laws to the activities the Funds are undertaking and the possibility of future changes in its circumstances, it is possible that a Fund will not so qualify for any particular year. Clifford Chance US LLP has no obligation to advise a Fund or its shareholders of any subsequent change in the matters stated, represented or assumed, or of any subsequent change in the applicable law. A Fund’s taxation as a partnership will depend on such Fund’s ability to meet, on a continuing basis, through actual operating results, the qualifying income exception, the compliance of which will not be reviewed by Clifford Chance US LLP. Accordingly, no assurance can be given that the actual results of a Fund’s operations for any taxable year will satisfy the qualifying income exception.

If, for any reason a Fund becomes taxable as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes, such Fund’s items of income and deduction would not pass through to the Fund’s shareholders and shareholders would be treated for U.S. federal income tax purposes as stockholders in a corporation. The Fund would be required to pay income tax at corporate rates on its net income. Distributions by the Fund to the shareholders would constitute dividend income taxable to such shareholders, to the extent of the Fund’s earnings and profits, and the payment of these distributions would not be deductible by the Fund. These consequences would have a material adverse effect on the Fund, the Fund’s shareholders and the value of the Shares.

If at the end of any taxable year a Fund fails to meet the qualifying income exception, the Fund may still qualify as a partnership if the Fund is entitled to relief under the Code for an inadvertent termination of partnership status. This relief will be available if (1) the failure is cured within a reasonable time after discovery, (2) the failure is determined by the IRS to be inadvertent, and (3) the Fund agrees to make such adjustments or to pay such amounts as are determined by the IRS. It is not possible to state whether a Fund would be entitled to this relief in any or all circumstances. It also is not clear under the Code whether this relief is available for the Fund’s first taxable year as a publicly traded partnership. If this relief provision is not applicable to a particular set of circumstances involving a Fund, it will not qualify as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Even if this relief provision applies and a Fund retains its partnership qualification, the Fund or its shareholders (during the failure period) will be required to pay such amounts as determined by the IRS.

The remainder of this discussion assumes that each Fund will qualify to be taxed as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

 

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U.S. Shareholders

Treatment of Fund Income

A partnership does not incur U.S. federal income tax liability. Instead, each partner of a partnership is required to take into account its share of items of income, gain, loss, deduction and other items of the partnership. Accordingly, each shareholder in a Fund is required to include in income its allocable share of a Fund’s income, gain, loss, deduction and other items for a Fund’s taxable year ending with or within its taxable year. In computing a partner’s U.S. federal income tax liability, such items must be included, regardless of whether cash distributions are made by the partnership. Thus, shareholders in a Fund may be required to take into account taxable income without a corresponding current receipt of cash if a Fund generates taxable income but does not make cash distributions in an amount equal to, or if the shareholder is not able to deduct, in whole or in part, such shareholder’s allocable share of a Fund’s expenses or capital losses. Each Fund’s taxable year ends on December 31 unless otherwise required by law. Each Fund uses the accrual method of accounting.

Shareholders must take into account their share of ordinary income realized by the respective Fund’s investments, including from accruals of interest on the U.S. Treasury securities or other cash and cash equivalents held in a Fund’s portfolio. Each Fund may hold U.S. Treasury securities or other debt instruments with “acquisition discount” or “original issue discount,” in which case shareholders in such Fund are required to include accrued amounts in taxable income on a current basis even though receipt of those amounts may occur in a subsequent year. Each Fund may also acquire U.S. Treasury securities with “market discount.” Upon disposition of such obligations, gain would generally be required to be treated as interest income to the extent of the market discount, and shareholders in such Fund would be required to include as ordinary income their share of such market discount that accrued during the period the obligations were held by such Fund. Income or loss from transactions involving certain derivative instruments, such as periodic and certain non-periodic payments in swap transactions, will also generally constitute ordinary income or loss and may result in recognition of taxable income to a U.S. Shareholder on a current basis even though receipt of those amounts may occur in a subsequent year.

The character and timing of income that a Fund earns from the positions in its investment strategy depends on the particular U.S. federal income tax treatment of each such position. The U.S. federal income tax treatment of certain positions is not always clear, and the IRS and Congress sometimes take steps which change the manner in which certain positions are taxed. For example, the IRS has issued guidance indicating that a position that certain taxpayers were previously accounting for as prepaid forward contracts for U.S. federal income tax purposes should, instead, be accounted for under the U.S. federal income tax rules for non-dollar denominated debt instruments. The IRS has also released a Notice seeking comments from practitioners about the application of U.S. federal income tax rules to certain derivative positions, including derivative positions in commodities. The Notice asks for comments about, among other questions, when investors in these positions should have income, the character of income and gain or loss from these positions and whether the U.S. federal “constructive ownership” rules should apply to these positions. It is not possible to predict what changes, if any, will be adopted or when any such changes would take effect. However, any such changes could affect the amount, timing and character of income, gain and loss in respect of a Fund’s investments, possibly with retroactive effect. As the Funds pass-through their items of income, gain and loss to Shareholders, any change in the manner in which a Fund accounts for these items could have an adverse impact on the shareholders of that Fund.

The Code generally applies a “mark-to-market” system of taxing unrealized gains and losses on, and otherwise provides for special rules of taxation with respect to, Section 1256 Contracts. A Section 1256 Contract includes certain regulated futures contracts, certain non-equity options and certain non-U.S. currency contracts. Swap agreements and forward contracts are generally not Section 1256 Contracts. Section 1256 Contracts held by the Funds at the end of a taxable year of the Funds will be treated for U.S. federal income tax purposes as if they were sold by the Funds at their fair market value on the last business day of the taxable year. The net gain or loss, if any, resulting from these deemed sales (known as “marking-to-market”), together with any gain or loss resulting from any actual sales of Section 1256 Contracts (or other termination of a Fund’s obligations under such contracts), must be taken into account by a Fund in computing its taxable income for the year. If a Section 1256 Contract held by a Fund at the end of a taxable year is sold in the following year, the amount of any gain or loss realized on the sale will be adjusted to reflect the gain or loss previously taken into account under the mark-to-market rules.

Capital gains and losses from Section 1256 Contracts generally are characterized as short-term capital gains or losses to the extent of 40% of the gains or losses and as long-term capital gains or losses to the extent of 60% of the gains or losses. Shareholders of a Fund will generally take into account their pro rata share of the long-term capital gains and losses and short-term capital gains and losses from Section 1256 Contracts held by a Fund. If a noncorporate taxpayer incurs a net capital loss for a year, the portion of the loss, if any, which consists of a net loss on Section 1256 Contracts may, at the election of the taxpayer, be carried back three years. A loss carried back to a year by a noncorporate taxpayer may be deducted only to the extent (1) the loss does not exceed the net gain on Section 1256 Contracts for the year and (2) the allowance of the carryback does not increase or produce a net operating loss for the year. Due to the Funds’ investment strategy, it is also likely that a significant portion of any capital gain or loss realized by the Funds with respect to non-Section 1256 Contracts will be short-term.

 

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Allocation of the Funds’ Profits and Losses

For U.S. federal income tax purposes, a shareholder’s distributive share of a Fund’s income, gain, loss, deduction and other items are determined by the Trust Agreement, unless an allocation under the agreement does not have “substantial economic effect,” in which case the allocations will be determined in accordance with the “partners’ interests in the partnership.” Subject to the discussions below under “Monthly Allocation and Revaluation Conventions” and “Section 754 Election,” the allocations pursuant to the Trust Agreement should be considered to have substantial economic effect or deemed to be made in accordance with the partners’ interests in the partnership.

If the allocations provided by the Trust Agreement were successfully challenged by the IRS, the amount of income or loss allocated to shareholders for U.S. federal income tax purposes under the agreement could be increased or reduced, or the character of the income or loss could be modified.

As described in more detail below, the U.S. tax rules that apply to partnerships are complex and their application is not always clear. Additionally, the rules generally were not written for, and in some respects are difficult to apply to, publicly traded partnerships. Each Fund will apply certain assumptions and conventions intended to comply with the intent of the rules and to report income, gain, deduction, loss and credit to shareholders in a manner that reflects the economic gains and losses, but these assumptions and conventions may not comply with all aspects of the applicable Regulations. It is possible, therefore, that the IRS will successfully assert that assumptions made and/or conventions used do not satisfy the technical requirements of the Code or the Regulations and will require that tax items be adjusted or reallocated in a manner that could adversely impact an investor.

Monthly Allocation and Revaluation Conventions

In general, each Fund’s taxable income and losses are determined monthly and are apportioned among the shareholders of a Fund in proportion to the number of Shares treated as owned by each of them as of the close of the last trading day of the preceding month; provided, however, such items for the period beginning on the closing date and ending on the last day of the month in which the option closing date or the expiration of the over-allotment option occurs shall be allocated to the shareholders as of the opening of the NYSE Arca on the first business day of the next succeeding month. By investing in Shares, a U.S. holder agrees that, in the absence of an administrative determination or judicial ruling to the contrary, it will report income and loss under the monthly allocation and revaluation conventions described below, except for the period beginning on the closing date and ending on the last day of the month in which the option closing date or the expiration of the over-allotment option occurs, in which case the allocation shall take place as described above.

Under the monthly allocation convention, whomever is treated for U.S. federal income tax purposes as holding Shares as of the close of the last trading day of the preceding month will be treated as continuing to hold the Shares until immediately before the close of the last trading day of the following month. For the initial month during which a Fund becomes operational, the shareholders at the close of trading at month-end will also receive that month’s allocation. As a result, a holder who has disposed of Shares prior to the close of the last trading day of a month may be allocated income, gain, loss and deduction realized after the date of transfer.

The Code generally requires that items of partnership income and deductions be allocated between transferors and transferees of partnership interests on a daily basis. It is possible that transfers of Shares could be considered to occur for U.S. federal income tax purposes when the transfer is completed without regard to a Fund’s monthly convention for allocating income and deductions. If this were to occur, a Fund’s allocation method might be deemed to violate that requirement.

In addition, for any month in which a creation or redemption of Shares takes place, a Fund generally credits or debits, respectively, the “book” capital accounts of the holders of existing Shares with any unrealized gain or loss in that Fund’s assets. This results in the allocation of items of a Fund’s income, gain, loss, deduction and credit to existing holders of Shares to account for the difference between the tax basis and fair market value of property owned by such Fund at the time new Shares are issued or old Shares are redeemed, or the reverse section 704(c) allocations. The intended effect of these allocations is to allocate any built-in gain or loss in a Fund’s assets at the time of a creation or redemption of Shares to the investors that economically have earned such gain or loss.

As with the other allocations described above, each Fund generally will use a monthly convention for purposes of the reverse section 704(c) allocations. More specifically, each Fund generally credits or debits, respectively, the “book” capital accounts of the holders of existing Shares with any unrealized gain or loss in a Fund’s assets based on a calculation utilizing the creation/redemption price of a Fund’s Shares during the month in which the creation or redemption transaction takes place, rather than the fair market value of its assets at the time of such creation or redemption, or the “revaluation convention.” As a result, it is possible that, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, (1) a purchaser of newly issued Shares will be allocated some or all of the unrealized gain in a Fund’s assets at the time it acquires the Shares or (2) a purchase of newly issued Shares will not be allocated its entire share in the loss in a Fund’s assets accruing after the time of such acquisition. Furthermore, the applicable Regulations generally require that the “book” capital accounts will be adjusted based on the fair market value of partnership property on the date of adjustment and do not explicitly allow the adoption of a monthly revaluation convention. The Sponsor, in an attempt to eliminate book-tax disparities, allocates items of income, gain, or loss for U.S. federal income tax purposes among the Members under the principles of the remedial method of Section 1.704-3(d) of the Regulations.

 

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The Code and applicable Regulations generally require that items of partnership income and deductions be allocated between transferors and transferees of partnership interests on a daily basis, and that adjustments to “book” capital accounts be made based on the fair market value of partnership property on the date of adjustment. The Code and Regulations do not contemplate monthly allocation or revaluation conventions.

If the IRS does not accept a Fund’s monthly allocation or revaluation convention, the IRS may contend that taxable income or losses of the Funds must be reallocated among the shareholders. If such a contention were sustained, the holders’ respective tax liabilities would be adjusted to the possible detriment of certain holders. The Sponsor is authorized to revise the Funds’ allocation and revaluation methods in order to comply with applicable law or to allocate items of partnership income and deductions in a manner that reflects more accurately the shareholders’ interests in the Funds.

Section 754 Election

Each Fund has made or intends to make the election permitted by Section 754 of the Code. Such an election, once made, is irrevocable without the consent of the IRS. The making of such election by a Fund generally has the effect of requiring a purchaser of Shares in that Fund to adjust, utilizing the lowest closing price during the month, its proportionate share of the basis in that Fund’s assets, or the inside basis, pursuant to Section 743(b) of the Code to fair market value (as reflected in the purchase price for the purchaser’s Shares), as if it had acquired a direct interest in that Fund’s assets. The Section 743(b) adjustment is attributed solely to a purchaser of Shares and is not added to the basis of a Fund’s assets associated with all of the other shareholders. Depending on the relationship between a holder’s purchase price for Shares and its unadjusted share of a Fund’s inside basis at the time of the purchase, the Section 754 election may be either advantageous or disadvantageous to the holder as compared to the amount of gain or loss a holder would be allocated absent the Section 754 election.

The calculations under Section 754 of the Code are complex, and there is little legal authority concerning the mechanics of the calculations, particularly in the context of publicly traded partnerships. Therefore, in making the election under Section 754 of the Code, a Fund applies certain conventions in determining and allocating the Section 743 basis adjustments to help reduce the complexity of those calculations and the resulting administrative costs to a Fund. It is possible that the IRS will successfully assert that some or all of such conventions utilized by a Fund do not satisfy the technical requirements of the Code or the Regulations and, thus, will require different basis adjustments to be made.

In order to make the basis adjustments permitted by Section 754, each Fund is required to obtain information regarding each holder’s secondary market transactions in Shares, as well as creations and redemptions of Shares. Each Fund seeks such information from the record holders of Shares, and, by purchasing Shares, each beneficial owner of Shares will be deemed to have consented to the provision of such information by the record owner of such beneficial owner’s Shares. Notwithstanding the foregoing, however, there can be no guarantee that a Fund will be able to obtain such information from record owners or other sources, or that the basis adjustments that a Fund makes based on the information it is able to obtain will be effective in eliminating disparity between a holder’s outside basis in its share of the Fund Interests and its share of inside basis.

Constructive Termination

A Fund will be considered to have terminated for tax purposes if there is a sale or exchange of 50% or more of the total Shares in that Fund within a 12-month period. A constructive termination results in the closing of a Fund’s taxable year for all holders of Shares in that Fund. In the case of a holder of Shares reporting on a taxable year other than the taxable year used by a Fund (which is a fiscal year ending December 31), the early closing of a Fund’s taxable year may result in more than 12 months of its taxable income or loss being includable in such holder’s taxable income for the year of termination. A Fund would be required to make new tax elections after a termination, including a new election under Section 754. A termination could also result in penalties if a Fund were unable to determine that the termination had occurred.

Treatment of Distributions

Distributions of cash by a partnership are generally not taxable to the distributee to the extent the amount of cash does not exceed the distributee’s tax basis in its partnership interest. Thus, any cash distributions made by a Fund will be taxable to a shareholder only to the extent such distributions exceed the shareholder’s tax basis in the partnership interests it is treated as owning. (See “—U.S. Shareholders—Tax Basis in Shares” below.) Any cash distributions in excess of a shareholder’s tax basis generally will be considered to be gain from the sale or exchange of the Shares. See “—U.S. Shareholders—Disposition of Shares” below. The Funds do not currently expect to make any cash distributions.

 

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Creation and Redemption of Creation Units

Shareholders, other than Authorized Participants (or holders for which an Authorized Participant is acting), generally will not recognize gain or loss as a result of an Authorized Participant’s creation or redemption of a Creation Unit. If a Fund disposes of assets in connection with the redemption of a Creation Unit, however, the disposition may give rise to gain or loss that will be allocated in part to investors. An Authorized Participant’s creation or redemption of a Creation Unit may also affect an investor’s share of a Fund’s tax basis in its assets, which could affect the amount of gain or loss allocated to an investor on the sale or disposition of portfolio assets by a Fund.

Disposition of Shares

If a U.S. Shareholder transfers Shares of a Fund, in a sale or other taxable disposition, the U.S. Shareholder will generally be required to recognize gain or loss measured by the difference between the amount realized on the sale and the U.S. Shareholder’s adjusted tax basis in the Shares. The amount realized will include the U.S. Shareholder’s share of a Fund’s liabilities, as well as any proceeds from the sale. The gain or loss recognized will generally be taxable as capital gain or loss.

Capital gain of non-corporate U.S. Shareholders is eligible to be taxed at reduced rates when the Shares are held for more than one year. That rate is currently 15%, but is scheduled to increase to 20% for tax years beginning after December 31, 2012. Capital gain of corporate U.S. Shareholders is taxed at the same rate as ordinary income. Any capital loss recognized by a U.S. Shareholder on a sale of Shares will generally be deductible only against capital gains, except that a non-corporate U.S. Shareholder may generally also offset up to $3,000 per year of ordinary income.

Tax Basis in Shares

A U.S. Shareholder’s initial tax basis in the partnership interests it is treated as holding will equal the sum of (1) the amount of cash paid by such U.S. Shareholder for its Shares and (2) such U.S. Shareholder’s share of a Fund’s liabilities. A U.S. Shareholder’s tax basis in the Shares will be increased by (1) the U.S. Shareholder’s share of a Fund’s taxable income, including capital gain, (2) the U.S. Shareholder’s share of a Fund’s income, if any, that is exempt from tax and (3) any increase in the U.S. Shareholder’s share of a Fund’s liabilities. A U.S. Shareholder’s tax basis in Shares will be decreased (but not below zero) by (1) the amount of any cash distributed (or deemed distributed) to the U.S. Shareholder, (2) the U.S. Shareholder’s share of a Fund’s losses and deductions, (3) the U.S. Shareholder’s share of a Fund’s expenditures that is neither deductible nor properly chargeable to its capital account and (4) any decrease in the U.S. Shareholder’s share of a Fund’s liabilities.

Limitations on Deductibility of Certain Losses and Expenses

The deductibility for U.S. federal income tax purposes of a U.S. Shareholder’s share of losses and expenses of a Fund is subject to certain limitations, including, but not limited to, rules providing that: (1) a U.S. Shareholder may not deduct a Fund’s losses that are allocated to it in excess of its adjusted tax basis in its Shares; (2) individuals and personal holding companies may not deduct the losses allocable to a particular “activity” in excess of the amount that they are considered to have “at risk” with respect to the activity; (3) the ability of individuals to take certain itemized deductions may be limited by the “alternative minimum tax;” and (4) a noncorporate U.S. Shareholder may deduct its share of expenses of a Fund only to the extent that such share, together with such noncorporate U.S. Shareholder’s other miscellaneous itemized deductions, exceeds 2 percent of such noncorporate U.S. Shareholder’s adjusted gross income. It is anticipated that Management Fees that each Fund will pay will constitute miscellaneous itemized deductions. To the extent that a loss or expense that cannot be deducted currently is allocated to a U.S. Shareholder, such U.S. Shareholder may be required to report taxable income in excess of its economic income or cash distributions on the Shares. Prospective shareholders are urged to consult their own tax advisors with regard to these and other limitations on the ability to deduct losses or expenses with respect to an investment in a Fund.

Under Section 709(b) of the Code, amounts paid or incurred to organize a partnership may, at the election of the partnership, be treated as deferred expenses, which are allowed as a deduction ratably over a period of not less than 180 months. Each Fund has elected, or is expected to elect, to treat such expenses as ratably deductable over 180 months, beginning with the month the Fund is considered to have started its investment activities for federal tax purposes. A non-corporate U.S. Shareholder’s allocable share of such organizational expenses would constitute miscellaneous itemized deductions. Expenditures in connection with the issuance and marketing of Shares (so-called “syndication fees”) are not eligible for the 180-month amortization provision and are not deductible.

Transferor/Transferee Allocations

In general, a Fund’s taxable income and losses are determined monthly and are apportioned among a Fund’s shareholders in proportion to the number of Shares owned by each of them as of the close of the last trading day of the preceding month; provided, however, such items for the period beginning on the closing date and ending on the last day of the month in which the option closing

 

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date or the expiration of the over-allotment option occurs shall be allocated to the shareholders as of the opening of the NYSE Arca on the first business day of the next succeeding month. With respect to any Share that was not treated as outstanding as of the close of the last trading day of the preceding month, the first person that is treated as holding such Share (other than an underwriter or other person holding in a similar capacity and except with respect to the period beginning on the closing date and ending on the last day of the month in which the option closing date or the expiration of the over-allotment option occurs) for U.S. federal income tax purposes will be treated as holding such Share for this purpose as of the close of the last trading day of the preceding month. As a result, a shareholder transferring its Shares may be allocated income, gain, loss and deduction realized after the date of transfer.

Section 706 of the Code generally requires that items of partnership income and deductions be allocated between transferors and transferees of partnership interests on a daily basis. It is possible that transfers of Shares could be considered to occur for U.S. federal income tax purposes when the transfer is completed without regard to a Fund’s convention for allocating income and deductions. In that event, a Fund’s allocation method might be considered a monthly convention that does not literally comply with that requirement.

If the IRS treats transfers of Shares as occurring throughout each month and a monthly convention is not allowed by the Regulations (or only applies to transfers of less than all of a shareholder’s Shares), or if the IRS otherwise does not accept a Fund’s convention, the IRS may contend that taxable income or losses of a Fund must be reallocated among the shareholders. If such a contention were sustained, the shareholders’ respective tax liabilities would be adjusted to the possible detriment of certain shareholders. Each Fund’s Sponsor is authorized to revise a Fund’s methods of allocation between transferors and transferees (as well as among shareholders whose interests otherwise vary during a taxable period).

Tax Reporting by each Fund

Information returns will be filed with the IRS as required with respect to income, gain, loss, deduction and other items derived from Shares of each Fund. Each Fund will file a partnership return with the IRS and a Schedule K-1 to the shareholders.

Treatment of Securities Lending Transactions Involving Shares

A shareholder whose Shares are loaned to a “short seller” to cover a short sale of Shares may be considered as having disposed of those Shares. If so, such shareholder would no longer be a beneficial owner of a pro rata portion of the partnership interests with respect to those Shares during the period of the loan and may recognize gain or loss from the disposition. As a result, during the period of the loan, (1) any of the relevant Fund’s income, gain, loss, deduction or other items with respect to those Shares would not be reported by the shareholder, and (2) any cash distributions received by the shareholder as to those Shares could be fully taxable, likely as ordinary income. Accordingly, shareholders who desire to avoid the risk of income recognition from a loan of their Shares to a short seller are urged to modify any applicable brokerage account agreements to prohibit their brokers from borrowing their Shares.

Audits and Adjustments to Tax Liability

Under the Code, adjustments in tax liability with respect to a Fund’s items generally will be made at the Fund level in a partnership proceeding rather than in separate proceedings with each shareholder. Pursuant to the Trust Agreement, the Sponsor will represent each Fund as such Fund’s “Tax Matters Partner” during any audit and in any dispute with the IRS. Each shareholder will be informed of the commencement of an audit of a Fund. In general, the Tax Matters Partner may enter into a settlement agreement with the IRS on behalf of, and that is binding upon, the shareholders.

Adjustments resulting from an IRS audit may require each shareholder to adjust a prior year’s liability, and possibly may result in an audit of its return. Any audit of a shareholder’s return could result in adjustments not related to a Fund’s returns as well as those related to the Fund’s returns.

The Tax Matters Partner can extend the statute of limitations for assessment of tax deficiencies against shareholders for items in a Fund’s returns. The Tax Matters Partner may bind a shareholder with less than a 1% profits interest in a Fund to a settlement with the IRS unless that shareholder elects, by filing a statement with the IRS, not to give that authority to the Tax Matters Partner. The Tax Matters Partner may seek judicial review, by which all the shareholders are bound, of a final partnership administrative adjustment and, if the Tax Matters Partner fails to seek judicial review, judicial review may be sought by any shareholder having at least a 1% interest in profits or by any group of shareholders having in the aggregate at least a 5% interest in profits. However, only one action for judicial review will go forward, and each shareholder with an interest in the outcome may participate.

Foreign Tax Credits

Subject to generally applicable limitations, U.S. Shareholders will be able to claim foreign tax credits with respect to certain foreign income taxes paid or incurred by a Fund, withheld on payments made to the Trust or paid by the Trust on behalf of Fund

 

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shareholders (if any of such foreign income taxes are so paid, incurred or withheld). U.S. Shareholders must include in their gross income, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, both their share of a Fund’s items of income and gain and also their share of the amount which is deemed to be the shareholder’s portion of foreign income taxes paid with respect to, or withheld from interest or other income derived by, a Fund. U.S. Shareholders may then subtract from their U.S. federal income tax the amount of such taxes withheld, or else treat such foreign taxes as deductions from gross income; however, as in the case of investors receiving income directly from foreign sources, the tax credit or deduction described above is subject to certain limitations. Even if the shareholder is unable to claim a credit, he or she must include all amounts described above in income. U.S. Shareholders are urged to consult their tax advisers regarding this election and its consequences to them.

Tax Shelter Disclosure Rules

There are circumstances under which certain transactions must be disclosed to the IRS in a disclosure statement attached to a taxpayer’s U.S. federal income tax return. (A copy of such statement must also be sent to the IRS Office of Tax Shelter Analysis.) In addition, the Code imposes a requirement on certain “material advisers” to maintain a list of persons participating in such transactions, which list must be furnished to the IRS upon written request. These provisions can apply to transactions not conventionally considered to involve abusive tax planning. Consequently, it is possible that such disclosure could be required by a Fund or the shareholders (1) if a shareholder incurs a loss (in each case, in excess of a threshold computed without regard to offsetting gains or other income or limitations) from the disposition (including by way of withdrawal) of Shares, or (2) possibly in other circumstances. Furthermore, a Fund’s material advisers could be required to maintain a list of persons investing in that Fund pursuant to the Code. While the tax shelter disclosure rules generally do not apply to a loss recognized on the disposition of an asset in which the taxpayer has a qualifying basis (generally a basis equal to the amount of cash paid by the taxpayer for such asset), such rules will apply to a taxpayer recognizing a loss with respect to interests in a pass-through entity (such as the Shares) even if its basis in such interests is equal to the amount of cash it paid. In addition, under recently enacted legislation, significant penalties may be imposed in connection with a failure to comply with these reporting requirements. U.S. Shareholders are urged to consult their tax advisers regarding the tax shelter disclosure rules and their possible application to them.

U.S. Shareholders should consult their own tax advisers regarding any tax reporting or filing obligations they may have as a result of their acquisition, ownership or disposition of Shares.

Non-U.S. Shareholders

Except as described below, each Fund anticipates that a non-U.S. Shareholder will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax on such shareholder’s distributive share of a Fund’s income, provided that such income is not considered to be income of the shareholder that is effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business within the United States. In the case of an individual non-U.S. Shareholder, such shareholder will be subject to U.S. federal income tax on gains on the sale of Shares in a Fund’s or such shareholder’s distributive share of gains if such shareholder is present in the United States for 183 days or more during a taxable year and certain other conditions are met.

If the income from a Fund is “effectively connected” with a U.S. trade or business carried on by a non-U.S. Shareholder (and, if certain income tax treaties apply, is attributable to a U.S. permanent establishment), then such shareholder’s share of any income and any gains realized upon the sale or exchange of Shares will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at the graduated rates applicable to U.S. citizens and residents and domestic corporations. Non-U.S. Shareholders that are corporations may also be subject to a 30% U.S. branch profits tax (or lower treaty rate, if applicable) on their effectively connected earnings and profits that are not timely reinvested in a U.S. trade or business.

To the extent any interest income allocated to a non-U.S. Shareholder is considered “portfolio interest,” generally neither the allocation of such interest income to the non-U.S. Shareholder nor a subsequent distribution of such interest income to the non-U.S. Shareholder will be subject to withholding, provided that the non-U.S. Shareholder is not otherwise engaged in a trade or business in the United States and provides the relevant Fund with a timely and properly completed and executed IRS Form W-8BEN or other applicable form. In general, “portfolio interest” is interest paid on debt obligations issued in registered form, unless the “recipient” owns 10% or more of the voting power of the issuer.

Non-U.S. Shareholders that are individuals will be subject to U.S. federal estate tax on the value of U.S. situs property owned at the time of their death (unless a statutory exemption or tax treaty exemption applies). It is unclear whether partnership interests such as the Shares will be considered U.S. situs property. Accordingly, non-U.S. Shareholders may be subject to U.S. federal estate tax on all or part of the value of the Shares owned at the time of their death.

Non-U.S. Shareholders are advised to consult their own tax advisers with respect to the particular tax consequences to them of an investment in the Shares.

 

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Foreign Account Tax Compliance

The Foreign Account Tax Compliance provisions of the Hiring Incentives to Restore Employment Act (“FATCA”) generally impose a new reporting and 30% withholding tax regime with respect to certain items of U.S. source income (including dividends and interest) and gross proceeds from the sale or other disposal of property that can produce U.S. source interest or dividends (“Withholdable Payments”). As a general matter, the new rules are designed to require U.S. persons’ direct and indirect ownership of non-U.S. accounts and non-U.S. entities to be reported to the IRS. The 30% withholding tax regime applies if there is a failure to provide required information regarding U.S. ownership. The new withholding rules generally apply to Withholdable Payments made after December 31, 2013.

The new rules will subject a non-U.S. Shareholder’s share of Withholdable Payments received by a Fund to 30% withholding tax unless such shareholder provides information, representations and waivers of non-U.S. law as may be required to comply with the provisions of the new rules, including information regarding certain U.S. direct and indirect owners of such non-U.S. Shareholder. A non-U.S. Shareholder that is treated as a “foreign financial institution” will generally be subject to withholding unless it agrees to report certain information to the IRS regarding its U.S. accountholders and those of its affiliates.

Although the application of the new withholding rules to a sale or other disposal of an interest in a partnership is unclear, it is possible that the gross proceeds of the sale or other disposal of an interest in a Fund will be subject to tax under the new withholding rules if such proceeds are treated as an indirect disposal of the non-U.S. Shareholder’s interest in assets that can produce U.S. source interest or dividends, unless the selling non-U.S. Shareholder provides appropriate reporting information. Prospective shareholders should consult their own advisors regarding the requirements under FATCA with respect to their own situation.

Regulated Investment Companies (RICs)

The treatment of a RIC’s investment in a Fund will depend, in part, on whether a Fund is classified as a qualified publicly traded partnership (“PTP”) for purposes of the RIC rules. RICs are only allowed to invest up to 25% of their assets in qualified PTPs and to treat net income derived from such investments as qualifying income for purposes of certain rules relevant to determining whether an entity qualifies as a RIC. Similarly, interests in a qualified PTP are treated as issued by such PTP and a RIC is not required to look through to the underlying partnership assets when testing compliance with certain asset diversification tests applicable to determining whether an entity qualified as a RIC. On the other hand, an investment by a RIC in a publicly traded partnership that is not a qualified PTP is not counted against the 25% limit on a RIC’s investments in qualified PTPs and the RIC is treated as owning its proportionate share of the partnership’s assets and earning its proportionate share of the partnership’s income for purposes of the income and asset tests relevant to determining whether an entity qualifies as a RIC.

Prospective RIC investors should consult a tax adviser regarding the treatment of an investment in a Fund under current tax rules and in light of their particular circumstances.

Tax-Exempt Organizations

An organization that is otherwise exempt from U.S. federal income tax is nonetheless subject to taxation with respect to its “unrelated business taxable income,” or UBTI, to the extent that its UBTI from all sources exceeds $1,000 in any taxable year. Except as noted below with respect to certain categories of exempt income, UBTI generally includes income or gain derived (either directly or through a partnership) from a trade or business, the conduct of which is substantially unrelated to the exercise or performance of the organization’s exempt purpose or function.

UBTI generally does not include passive investment income, such as dividends, interest and capital gains, whether realized by the organization directly or indirectly through a partnership (such as the Funds) in which it is a partner. This type of income is exempt, subject to the discussion of “unrelated debt-financed income” below, even if it is realized from securities-trading activity that constitutes a trade or business.

UBTI includes not only trade or business income or gain as described above, but also “unrelated debt-financed income.” This latter type of income generally consists of (1) income derived by an exempt organization (directly or through a partnership) from income producing property with respect to which there is “acquisition indebtedness” at any time during the taxable year and (2) gains derived by an exempt organization (directly or through a partnership) from the disposition of property with respect to which there is acquisition indebtedness at any time during the twelve-month period ending with the date of the disposition. Each Fund does not expect to incur a significant amount of acquisition indebtedness with respect to its assets.

To the extent a Fund recognizes gain from property with respect to which there is “acquisition indebtedness,” the portion of the gain that will be treated as UBTI will be equal to the amount of the gain multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which is the highest

 

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amount of the “acquisition indebtedness” with respect to the property during the twelve-month period ending with the date of their disposition, and the denominator of which is the “average amount of the adjusted basis” of the property during the period that such property is held by a Fund during the taxable year. In determining the unrelated debt-financed income of a Fund, an allocable portion of deductions directly connected with a Fund’s debt-financed property will be taken into account. In making such a determination, for instance, a portion of losses from debt-financed securities (determined in the manner described above for evaluating the portion of any gain that would be treated as UBTI) would offset gains treated as UBTI. A charitable remainder trust is subject to a 100% federal excise tax on any UBTI that it earns; in view of the potential for UBTI, the Shares may not be a suitable investment for a charitable remainder trust.

Certain State and Local Taxation Matters

Prospective shareholders should consider, in addition to the U.S. federal income tax consequences described above, the potential state and local tax consequences of investing in the Shares.

State and local laws often differ from U.S. federal income tax laws with respect to the treatment of specific items of income, gain, loss, deduction and credit. A shareholder’s distributive share of the taxable income or loss of a Fund generally will be required to be included in determining the shareholder’s reportable income for state and local tax purposes in the jurisdiction in which the shareholder is a resident. A Fund may conduct business in one or more jurisdictions that will subject a shareholder to tax (and require a shareholder to file an income tax return with the jurisdiction with respect to the shareholder’s share of the income derived from that business). A prospective shareholder should consult its tax adviser with respect to the availability of a credit for such tax in the jurisdiction in which the shareholder is resident.

Backup Withholding

In certain circumstances, shareholders may be subject to backup withholding on certain payments paid to them if they do not establish that they are exempt from the backup withholding rules or if they do not furnish their correct taxpayer identification number (in the case of individuals, their social security number) and certain certifications, or who are otherwise subject to backup withholding. Backup withholding is not an additional tax. Any amounts withheld from payments made to an investor may be refunded or credited against an investor’s U.S. federal income tax liability, if any, provided that the required information is furnished to the IRS.

Shareholders should be aware that certain aspects of the U.S. federal, state and local income tax treatment regarding the purchase, ownership and disposition of Shares are not clear under existing law. Thus, shareholders are urged to consult their own tax advisers to determine the tax consequences of ownership of the Shares in their particular circumstances, including the application of U.S. federal, state, local and foreign tax laws.

 

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PART TWO: GENERAL POOL DISCLOSURE

This Prospectus has two parts: the offered series disclosure and the general pool disclosure. These parts are bound together and are incomplete if not distributed together to prospective participants.

PERFORMANCE OF OTHER COMMODITY POOLS OPERATED BY

THE COMMODITY POOL OPERATOR

The following performance information is presented in accordance with CFTC regulations. No performance information is presented with respect to the Funds, which have not traded prior to the date of this Prospectus and which will not begin trading until after the initial Creation Units of such Funds are purchased by the initial Authorized Participant (all as described in the “Plan of Distribution” section of this Prospectus). The performance of the Funds will differ materially in certain respects from the performance of the Other Funds which are included herein.

The performance of the Other Funds which are summarized herein are materially different in certain respects from the Funds and the past performance summaries of the Other Funds below are generally not representative of how the Funds might perform in the future.

All summary performance information is as of November 30, 2011. Performance information is set forth, in accordance with CFTC regulations, since each fund’s inception of trading.

 

Name of Pool:

  

ProShares Ultra DJ-

UBS Commodity1

Type of Pool:

   Public, Exchange-listed Commodity Pool

Date of Inception of Trading:

   November 24, 2008

Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions2 as of November 30, 2011:

   $41,711,516

Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions3 as of November 30, 2011:

   $5,969,999

Net Asset Value as of November 30, 2011:

   $9,818,001

Net Asset Value per Share4 as of November 30, 2011:

   $28.05

Worst Monthly Loss:5

   -27.91%
   (September 2011)

Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss:6

   -37.84%
   (April 2011 – September 2011)

 

1 

ProShare Capital Management, LLC serves as the sole commodity trading advisor for this pool. Therefore, the performance of the commodity trading advisor is the same as that of the pool.

2 

“Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, including those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

3 

“Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, excluding those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

4 

“Net Asset Value per Share” is the net asset value, based on the pricing policies of the Trust and determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, of the pool divided by the total number of Shares outstanding as of November 30, 2011. Please see “Description of the Shares; The Funds; Certain Material Terms of the Trust Agreement—Net Asset Value (“NAV”)” for additional information regarding the pricing policies of the Trust.

5 

“Worst Monthly Loss” is the largest single month loss sustained since inception of trading. “Loss” as used in this section of the Prospectus means losses experienced by the relevant pool over the specified period and is calculated on a rate of return basis, i.e., dividing net performance by beginning equity. Loss is measured on the basis of monthly returns only, and does not reflect intra-month figures.

6 

“Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss” is the largest percentage decline in Net Asset Value per Share over the history of the pool. This need not be a continuous decline, but can be a series of positive and negative returns where the negative returns are larger than the positive returns. Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss represents the greatest percentage decline from any month-end Net Asset Value per Share that occurs without such month-end Net Asset Value per Share being equaled or exceeded as of a subsequent month-end.

 

-48-


Table of Contents

PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT NECESSARILY INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS.

Rate of Return:*

 

     2008     2009     2010     2011  

January

       -11.51     -14.51     1.63

February

       -9.37     6.89     2.58

March

       5.85     -2.89     4.06

April

       0.66     3.56     6.11

May

       26.77     -13.83     -10.53

June

       -4.85     0.16     -10.87

July

       5.57     13.55     6.50

August

       -1.97     -5.36     1.52

September

       2.33     14.71     -27.91

October

       5.82     9.65     13.16

November

     -1.59     6.47     -1.44     -4.74

December

     -9.91     3.47     22.04  

Annual

     -11.34     27.25     28.95     N/A   

Year-to-Date

     N/A        N/A        N/A        -22.88

 

* Based on the latest calculated net asset value, as applicable to creations and redemptions of Creation Units, with respect to each period.

 

-49-


Table of Contents

The following performance information is presented in accordance with CFTC regulations.

All summary performance information is as of November 30, 2011. Performance information is set forth, in accordance with CFTC regulations, since each fund’s inception of trading.

 

Name of Pool:

   ProShares UltraShort DJ-
UBS  Commodity1

Type of Pool:

   Public, Exchange-listed Commodity Pool

Date of Inception of Trading:

   November 24, 2008

Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions2 as of November 30, 2011:

   $95,173,240

Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions3 as of November 30, 2011:

   $17,471,914

Net Asset Value as of November 30, 2011:

   $11,167,939

Net Asset Value per Share4 as of November 30, 2011:

   $53.18

Worst Monthly Loss:5

   -23.20%
   (May 2009)

Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss:6

   -74.41%
   (February 2009 – April 2011)

 

1 

ProShare Capital Management, LLC serves as the sole commodity trading advisor for this pool. Therefore, the performance of the commodity trading advisor is the same as that of the pool.

2 

“Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, including those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

3 

“Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, excluding those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

4 

“Net Asset Value per Share” is the net asset value, based on the pricing policies of the Trust and determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, of the pool divided by the total number of Shares outstanding as of November 30, 2011. Please see “Description of the Shares; The Funds; Certain Material Terms of the Trust Agreement—Net Asset Value (“NAV”)” for additional information regarding the pricing policies of the Trust.

5 

“Worst Monthly Loss” is the largest single month loss sustained since inception of trading. “Loss” as used in this section of the Prospectus means losses experienced by the relevant pool over the specified period and is calculated on a rate of return basis, i.e., dividing net performance by beginning equity. Loss is measured on the basis of monthly returns only, and does not reflect intra-month figures.

6 

“Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss” is the largest percentage decline in Net Asset Value per Share over the history of the pool. This need not be a continuous decline, but can be a series of positive and negative returns where the negative returns are larger than the positive returns. Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss represents the greatest percentage decline from any month-end Net Asset Value per Share that occurs without such month-end Net Asset Value per Share being equaled or exceeded as of a subsequent month-end.

PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT NECESSARILY INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS.

Rate of Return:*

 

     2008     2009     2010     2011  

January

       8.25     15.02     -2.66

February

       7.52     -8.21     -3.16

March

       -10.44     1.86     -5.66

April

       -3.46     -4.33     -6.50

May

       -23.20     14.14     9.15

June

       0.93     -1.55     11.01

July

       -8.52     -12.92     -6.96

August

       -0.65     4.72     -2.99

September

       -4.80     -13.42     35.06

October

       -7.91     -10.27     -13.06

November

     1.14     -7.92     -1.01     3.77

December

     5.97     -4.66     -19.03  

Annual

     7.18     -45.43     -34.35     N/A   

Year-to-Date

     N/A        N/A        N/A        10.80

 

* Based on the latest calculated net asset value, as applicable to creations and redemptions of Creation Units, with respect to each period.

 

-50-


Table of Contents

The following performance information is presented in accordance with CFTC regulations.

All summary performance information is as of November 30, 2011. Performance information is set forth, in accordance with CFTC regulations, since each fund’s inception of trading.

 

Name of Pool:

   ProShares Ultra DJ-
UBS Crude  Oil1

Type of Pool:

   Public, Exchange-listed Commodity Pool

Date of Inception of Trading:

   November 24, 2008

Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions2 as of November 30, 2011:

   $3,683,758,312

Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions3 as of November 30, 2011:

   $-47,985,675

Net Asset Value as of November 30, 2011:

   $302,826,714

Net Asset Value per Share4 as of November 30, 2011:

   $42.66

Worst Monthly Loss:5

   -40.05%
   (December 2008)

Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss:6

   -72.69%
   (Inception – September 2011)

 

1 

ProShare Capital Management, LLC serves as the sole commodity trading advisor for this pool. Therefore, the performance of the commodity trading advisor is the same as that of the pool.

2 

“Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, including those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

3 

“Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, excluding those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

4 

“Net Asset Value per Share” is the net asset value, based on the pricing policies of the Trust and determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, of the pool divided by the total number of Shares outstanding as of November 30, 2011. Please see “Description of the Shares; The Funds; Certain Material Terms of the Trust Agreement—Net Asset Value (“NAV”)” for additional information regarding the pricing policies of the Trust.

5 

“Worst Monthly Loss” is the largest single month loss sustained since inception of trading. “Loss” as used in this section of the Prospectus means losses experienced by the relevant pool over the specified period and is calculated on a rate of return basis, i.e., dividing net performance by beginning equity. Loss is measured on the basis of monthly returns only, and does not reflect intra-month figures.

6 

“Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss” is the largest percentage decline in Net Asset Value per Share over the history of the pool. This need not be a continuous decline, but can be a series of positive and negative returns where the negative returns are larger than the positive returns. Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss represents the greatest percentage decline from any month-end Net Asset Value per Share that occurs without such month-end Net Asset Value per Share being equaled or exceeded as of a subsequent month-end.

PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT NECESSARILY INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS.

Rate of Return:*

 

     2008     2009     2010     2011  

January

       -29.62     -17.41     -0.76

February

       -22.51     16.44     -0.93

March

       6.57     9.05     16.17

April

       -10.92     6.28     11.89

May

       58.86     -30.86     -21.14

June

       7.46     -1.02     -15.38

July

       -5.61     6.72     -1.08

August

       -6.46     -16.13     -16.65

September

       -1.64     17.69     -22.33

October

       16.57     1.00     35.20

November

     -1.38     -1.68     4.12     15.54

December

     -40.05     -2.91     17.17  

Annual

     -40.88     -14.59     -0.99     N/A   

Year-to-Date

     N/A        N/A        N/A        -14.69

 

* Based on the latest calculated net asset value, as applicable to creations and redemptions of Creation Units, with respect to each period.

 

-51-


Table of Contents

The following performance information is presented in accordance with CFTC regulations.

All summary performance information is as of November 30, 2011. Performance information is set forth, in accordance with CFTC regulations, since each fund’s inception of trading.

 

Name of Pool:

   ProShares UltraShort DJ-
UBS  Crude Oil1

Type of Pool:

   Public, Exchange-listed Commodity Pool

Date of Inception of Trading:

   November 24, 2008

Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions2 as of November 30, 2011:

   $1,573,022,968

Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions3 as of November 30, 2011:

   $120,802,862

Net Asset Value as of November 30, 2011:

   $144,197,548

Net Asset Value per Share4 as of November 30, 2011:

   $38.25

Worst Monthly Loss:5

   -40.18%
   (May 2009)

Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss:6

   -82.21%
   (February 2009 – April 2011)

 

1 

ProShare Capital Management, LLC serves as the sole commodity trading advisor for this pool. Therefore, the performance of the commodity trading advisor is the same as that of the pool.

2 

“Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, including those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

3 

“Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, excluding those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

4 

“Net Asset Value per Share” is the net asset value, based on the pricing policies of the Trust and determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, of the pool divided by the total number of Shares outstanding as of November 30, 2011. Please see “Description of the Shares; The Funds; Certain Material Terms of the Trust Agreement—Net Asset Value (“NAV”)” for additional information regarding the pricing policies of the Trust.

5 

“Worst Monthly Loss” is the largest single month loss sustained since inception of trading. “Loss” as used in this section of the Prospectus means losses experienced by the relevant pool over the specified period and is calculated on a rate of return basis, i.e., dividing net performance by beginning equity. Loss is measured on the basis of monthly returns only, and does not reflect intra-month figures.

6 

“Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss” is the largest percentage decline in Net Asset Value per Share over the history of the pool. This need not be a continuous decline, but can be a series of positive and negative returns where the negative returns are larger than the positive returns. Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss represents the greatest percentage decline from any month-end Net Asset Value per Share that occurs without such month-end Net Asset Value per Share being equaled or exceeded as of a subsequent month-end.

PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT NECESSARILY INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS.

Rate of Return:*

 

     2008     2009     2010     2011  

January

       20.65     19.06     -1.93

February

       15.74     -17.55     -1.17

March

       -23.29     -9.94     -16.39

April

       2.31     -7.28     -12.36

May

       -40.18     37.38     17.41

June

       -11.11     -2.10     13.87

July

       -1.14     -8.74     -0.90

August

       3.15     16.03     11.34

September

       -4.21     -16.55     21.29

October

       -17.10     -3.48     -30.03

November

     -2.35     -1.21     -6.34     -15.40

December

     19.09     1.00     -15.66  

Annual

     16.28     -52.91     -25.70     N/A   

Year-to-Date

     N/A        N/A        N/A        -24.78

 

* Based on the latest calculated net asset value, as applicable to creations and redemptions of Creation Units, with respect to each period.

 

-52-


Table of Contents

The following performance information is presented in accordance with CFTC regulations.

All summary performance information is as of November 30, 2011. Performance information is set forth, in accordance with CFTC regulations, since each fund’s inception of trading.

 

Name of Pool:

   ProShares Ultra  Gold1

Type of Pool:

   Public, Exchange-listed Commodity Pool

Date of Inception of Trading:

   December 1, 2008

Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions2 as of November 30, 2011:

   $434,175,401

Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions3 as of November 30, 2011:

   $196,412,007

Net Asset Value as of November 30, 2011:

   $428,452,269

Net Asset Value per Share4 as of November 30, 2011:

   $99.64

Worst Monthly Loss:5

   -21.35%
   (September 2011)

Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss:6

   -21.35%
   (August 2011 – September 2011)

 

1 

ProShare Capital Management, LLC serves as the sole commodity trading advisor for this pool. Therefore, the performance of the commodity trading advisor is the same as that of the pool.

2 

“Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, including those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

3 

“Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, excluding those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

4 

“Net Asset Value per Share” is the net asset value, based on the pricing policies of the Trust and determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, of the pool divided by the total number of Shares outstanding as of November 30, 2011. Please see “Description of the Shares; The Funds; Certain Material Terms of the Trust Agreement—Net Asset Value (“NAV”)” for additional information regarding the pricing policies of the Trust.

5 

“Worst Monthly Loss” is the largest single month loss sustained since inception of trading. “Loss” as used in this section of the Prospectus means losses experienced by the relevant pool over the specified period and is calculated on a rate of return basis, i.e., dividing net performance by beginning equity. Loss is measured on the basis of monthly returns only, and does not reflect intra-month figures.

6 

“Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss” is the largest percentage decline in Net Asset Value per Share over the history of the pool. This need not be a continuous decline, but can be a series of positive and negative returns where the negative returns are larger than the positive returns. Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss represents the greatest percentage decline from any month-end Net Asset Value per Share that occurs without such month-end Net Asset Value per Share being equaled or exceeded as of a subsequent month-end.

PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT NECESSARILY INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS.

Rate of Return:*

 

     2008     2009     2010     2011  

January

       10.61     -2.22     -11.26

February

       6.21     4.96     12.66

March

       -8.60     0.81     3.57

April

       -7.93     11.30     13.40

May

       21.19     4.29     -0.32

June

       -8.76     5.47     -4.33

July

       0.44     -12.14     16.53

August

       3.04     13.12     22.50

September

       7.95     9.62     -21.35

October

       8.54     5.68     12.10

November

       26.93     4.89     2.19

December

     23.30     -15.05     2.65  

Annual

     23.30     42.95     57.02     N/A   

Year-to-Date

     N/A        N/A        N/A        44.01

 

* Based on the latest calculated net asset value, as applicable to creations and redemptions of Creation Units, with respect to each period.

 

-53-


Table of Contents

The following performance information is presented in accordance with CFTC regulations.

All summary performance information is as of November 30, 2011. Performance information is set forth, in accordance with CFTC regulations, since each fund’s inception of trading.

 

Name of Pool:

  

ProShares UltraShort Gold1

Type of Pool:

   Public, Exchange-listed Commodity Pool

Date of Inception of Trading:

   December 1, 2008

Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions2 as of November 30, 2011:

   $394,276,969

Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions3 as of November 30, 2011:

   $248,346,217

Net Asset Value as of November 30, 2011:

   $137,166,904

Net Asset Value per Share4 as of November 30, 2011:

   $16.16

Worst Monthly Loss:5

   -22.76%
   (November 2009)

Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss:6

   -87.28%
   (Inception – August 2011)

 

1 

ProShare Capital Management, LLC serves as the sole commodity trading advisor for this pool. Therefore, the performance of the commodity trading advisor is the same as that of the pool.

2 

“Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, including those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

3 

“Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, excluding those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

4 

“Net Asset Value per Share” is the net asset value, based on the pricing policies of the Trust and determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, of the pool divided by the total number of Shares outstanding as of November 30, 2011. Please see “Description of the Shares; The Funds; Certain Material Terms of the Trust Agreement—Net Asset Value (“NAV”)” for additional information regarding the pricing policies of the Trust.

5 

“Worst Monthly Loss” is the largest single month loss sustained since inception of trading. “Loss” as used in this section of the Prospectus means losses experienced by the relevant pool over the specified period and is calculated on a rate of return basis, i.e., dividing net performance by beginning equity. Loss is measured on the basis of monthly returns only, and does not reflect intra-month figures.

6 

“Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss” is the largest percentage decline in Net Asset Value per Share over the history of the pool. This need not be a continuous decline, but can be a series of positive and negative returns where the negative returns are larger than the positive returns. Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss represents the greatest percentage decline from any month-end Net Asset Value per Share that occurs without such month-end Net Asset Value per Share being equaled or exceeded as of a subsequent month-end.

PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT NECESSARILY INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS.

Rate of Return:*

 

     2008     2009     2010     2011  

January

       -12.44     0.61     11.62

February

       -8.58     -6.45     -11.95

March

       4.35     -2.01     -4.43

April

       6.15     -11.01     -12.72

May

       -18.90     -5.46     -0.84

June

       8.14     -6.70     3.70

July

       -1.67     12.44     -15.13

August

       -4.12     -12.50     -21.72

September

       -8.81     -9.53     21.16

October

       -9.09     -6.43     -12.90

November

       -22.76     -6.35     -3.74

December

     -22.47     15.24     -4.06  

Annual

     -22.47     -45.91     -45.83     N/A   

Year-to-Date

     N/A        N/A        N/A        -43.11

 

* Based on the latest calculated net asset value, as applicable to creations and redemptions of Creation Units, with respect to each period.

 

-54-


Table of Contents

The following performance information is presented in accordance with CFTC regulations.

All summary performance information is as of November 30, 2011. Performance information is set forth, in accordance with CFTC regulations, since each fund’s inception of trading.

 

Name of Pool:

  

ProShares Ultra Silver1

Type of Pool:

   Public, Exchange-listed Commodity Pool

Date of Inception of Trading:

   December 1, 2008

Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions2 as of November 30, 2011:

   $1,615,806,564

Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions3 as of November 30, 2011:

   $713,578,435

Net Asset Value as of November 30, 2011:

   $734,401,770

Net Asset Value per Share4 as of November 30, 2011:

   $55.22

Worst Monthly Loss:5

   -50.93%
   (September 2011)

Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss:6

   -70.35%
   (April 2011 – September 2011)

 

1 

ProShare Capital Management, LLC serves as the sole commodity trading advisor for this pool. Therefore, the performance of the commodity trading advisor is the same as that of the pool.

2 

“Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, including those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

3 

“Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, excluding those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

4 

“Net Asset Value per Share” is the net asset value, based on the pricing policies of the Trust and determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, of the pool divided by the total number of Shares outstanding as of November 30, 2011. Please see “Description of the Shares; The Funds; Certain Material Terms of the Trust Agreement—Net Asset Value (“NAV”)” for additional information regarding the pricing policies of the Trust.

5 

“Worst Monthly Loss” is the largest single month loss sustained since inception of trading. “Loss” as used in this section of the Prospectus means losses experienced by the relevant pool over the specified period and is calculated on a rate of return basis, i.e., dividing net performance by beginning equity. Loss is measured on the basis of monthly returns only, and does not reflect intra-month figures.

6 

“Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss” is the largest percentage decline in Net Asset Value per Share over the history of the pool. This need not be a continuous decline, but can be a series of positive and negative returns where the negative returns are larger than the positive returns. Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss represents the greatest percentage decline from any month-end Net Asset Value per Share that occurs without such month-end Net Asset Value per Share being equaled or exceeded as of a subsequent month-end.

PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT NECESSARILY INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS.

Rate of Return:*

 

     2008     2009     2010     2011  

January

       30.91     -9.19     -19.29

February

       10.07     -3.77     44.19

March

       -3.39     16.36     25.05

April

       -8.72     11.87     62.43

May

       48.18     -2.78     -43.56

June

       -20.90     0.64     -19.37

July

       -5.87     -12.07     25.13

August

       11.41     13.00     6.12

September

       25.22     35.55     -50.93

October

       -0.05     16.11     22.20

November

       17.86     25.47     -17.46

December

     14.42     -13.40     25.30  

Annual

     14.42     99.56     173.63     N/A   

Year-to-Date

     N/A        N/A        N/A        -29.30

 

* Based on the latest calculated net asset value, as applicable to creations and redemptions of Creation Units, with respect to each period.

 

-55-


Table of Contents

The following performance information is presented in accordance with CFTC regulations.

All summary performance information is as of November 30, 2011. Performance information is set forth, in accordance with CFTC regulations, since each fund’s inception of trading.

 

Name of Pool:

  

ProShares UltraShort Silver1

Type of Pool:

   Public, Exchange-listed Commodity Pool

Date of Inception of Trading:

   December 1, 2008

Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions2 as of November 30, 2011:

   $1,530,825,870

Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions3 as of November 30, 2011:

   $508,122,243

Net Asset Value as of November 30, 2011:

   $212,370,550

Net Asset Value per Share4 as of November 30, 2011:

   $13.45

Worst Monthly Loss:5

   -42.41%
   (April 2011)

Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss:6

   -98.82%
   (Inception – August 2011)

 

1 

ProShare Capital Management, LLC serves as the sole commodity trading advisor for this pool. Therefore, the performance of the commodity trading advisor is the same as that of the pool.

2 

“Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, including those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

3 

“Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, excluding those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

4 

“Net Asset Value per Share” is the net asset value, based on the pricing policies of the Trust and determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, of the pool divided by the total number of Shares outstanding as of November 30, 2011. Please see “Description of the Shares; The Funds; Certain Material Terms of the Trust Agreement—Net Asset Value (“NAV”)” for additional information regarding the pricing policies of the Trust.

5 

“Worst Monthly Loss” is the largest single month loss sustained since inception of trading. “Loss” as used in this section of the Prospectus means losses experienced by the relevant pool over the specified period and is calculated on a rate of return basis, i.e., dividing net performance by beginning equity. Loss is measured on the basis of monthly returns only, and does not reflect intra-month figures.

6 

“Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss” is the largest percentage decline in Net Asset Value per Share over the history of the pool. This need not be a continuous decline, but can be a series of positive and negative returns where the negative returns are larger than the positive returns. Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss represents the greatest percentage decline from any month-end Net Asset Value per Share that occurs without such month-end Net Asset Value per Share being equaled or exceeded as of a subsequent month-end.

PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT NECESSARILY INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS.

Rate of Return:*

 

     2008     2009     2010     2011  

January

       -30.75     6.25     17.54

February

       -12.75     -1.65     -33.03

March

       -3.04     -17.28     -26.55

April

       4.15     -13.65     -42.41

May

       -37.42     -3.39     20.59

June

       18.90     -5.63     16.50

July

       0.97     10.64     -26.91

August

       -16.54     -14.05     -13.79

September

       -26.33     -28.05     38.68

October

       -4.39     -18.10     -28.46

November

       -19.82     -26.17     15.21

December

     -21.60     11.08     -24.65  

Annual

     -21.60     -76.00     -78.79     N/A   

Year-to-Date

     N/A        N/A        N/A        -66.31

 

* Based on the latest calculated net asset value, as applicable to creations and redemptions of Creation Units, with respect to each period.

 

-56-


Table of Contents

The following performance information is presented in accordance with CFTC regulations.

All summary performance information is as of November 30, 2011. Performance information is set forth, in accordance with CFTC regulations, since each fund’s inception of trading.

 

Name of Pool:

  

ProShares Ultra Euro1

Type of Pool:

   Public, Exchange-listed Commodity Pool

Date of Inception of Trading:

   November 24, 2008

Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions2 as of November 30, 2011:

   $27,964,079

Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions3 as of November 30, 2011:

   $6,868,400

Net Asset Value as of November 30, 2011:

   $7,732,480

Net Asset Value per Share4 as of November 30, 2011:

   $25.77

Worst Monthly Loss:5

   -16.10%
   (January 2009)

Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss:6

   -34.40%
   (November 2009 – June 2010)

 

1 

ProShare Capital Management, LLC serves as the sole commodity trading advisor for this pool. Therefore, the performance of the commodity trading advisor is the same as that of the pool.

2 

“Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, including those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

3 

“Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, excluding those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

4 

“Net Asset Value per Share” is the net asset value, based on the pricing policies of the Trust and determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, of the pool divided by the total number of Shares outstanding as of November 30, 2011. Please see “Description of the Shares; The Funds; Certain Material Terms of the Trust Agreement—Net Asset Value (“NAV”)” for additional information regarding the pricing policies of the Trust.

5 

“Worst Monthly Loss” is the largest single month loss sustained since inception of trading. “Loss” as used in this section of the Prospectus means losses experienced by the relevant pool over the specified period and is calculated on a rate of return basis, i.e., dividing net performance by beginning equity. Loss is measured on the basis of monthly returns only, and does not reflect intra-month figures.

6 

“Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss” is the largest percentage decline in Net Asset Value per Share over the history of the pool. This need not be a continuous decline, but can be a series of positive and negative returns where the negative returns are larger than the positive returns. Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss represents the greatest percentage decline from any month-end Net Asset Value per Share that occurs without such month-end Net Asset Value per Share being equaled or exceeded as of a subsequent month-end.

PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT NECESSARILY INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS.

Rate of Return:*

 

     2008     2009     2010     2011  

January

       -16.10     -6.28     4.70

February

       -2.14     -3.74     1.57

March

       9.48     -1.78     5.42

April

       -0.98     -2.97     9.16

May

       14.01     -15.18     -5.62

June

       -1.71     -0.90     1.50

July

       3.03     13.32     -1.85

August

       1.01     -5.63     -0.09

September

       4.06     15.54     -13.16

October

       1.04     4.08     6.42

November

     -3.10     4.00     -13.15     -5.83

December

     20.70     -9.23     5.95  

Annual

     16.96     3.03     -14.48     N/A   

Year-to-Date

     N/A        N/A        N/A        0.04

 

* Based on the latest calculated net asset value, as applicable to creations and redemptions of Creation Units, with respect to each period.

 

-57-


Table of Contents

The following performance information is presented in accordance with CFTC regulations.

All summary performance information is as of November 30, 2011. Performance information is set forth, in accordance with CFTC regulations, since each fund’s inception of trading.

 

Name of Pool:

  

ProShares UltraShort Euro1

Type of Pool:

   Public, Exchange-listed Commodity Pool

Date of Inception of Trading:

   November 24, 2008

Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions2 as of November 30, 2011:

   $1,743,429,590

Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions3 as of November 30, 2011:

  

$1,022,265,036

Net Asset Value as of November 30, 2011:

  

$1,037,689,755

Net Asset Value per Share4 as of November 30, 2011:

   $18.92

Worst Monthly Loss:5

   -18.61%
   (December 2008)

Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss:6

   -36.77%
   (November 2008 – April 2011)

 

1 

ProShare Capital Management, LLC serves as the sole commodity trading advisor for this pool. Therefore, the performance of the commodity trading advisor is the same as that of the pool.

2 

“Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, including those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

3 

“Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, excluding those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

4 

“Net Asset Value per Share” is the net asset value, based on the pricing policies of the Trust and determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, of the pool divided by the total number of Shares outstanding as of November 30, 2011. Please see “Description of the Shares; The Funds; Certain Material Terms of the Trust Agreement—Net Asset Value (“NAV”)” for additional information regarding the pricing policies of the Trust.

5 

“Worst Monthly Loss” is the largest single month loss sustained since inception of trading. “Loss” as used in this section of the Prospectus means losses experienced by the relevant pool over the specified period and is calculated on a rate of return basis, i.e., dividing net performance by beginning equity. Loss is measured on the basis of monthly returns only, and does not reflect intra-month figures.

6 

“Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss” is the largest percentage decline in Net Asset Value per Share over the history of the pool. This need not be a continuous decline, but can be a series of positive and negative returns where the negative returns are larger than the positive returns. Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss represents the greatest percentage decline from any month-end Net Asset Value per Share that occurs without such month-end Net Asset Value per Share being equaled or exceeded as of a subsequent month-end.

PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT NECESSARILY INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS.

Rate of Return:*

 

     2008     2009     2010     2011  

January

       17.58     6.32     -5.04

February

       1.29     3.37     -1.95

March

       -9.86     1.30     -5.56

April

       0.18     2.58     -8.81

May

       -12.88     16.81     5.21

June

       0.93     0.30     -2.15

July

       -3.45     -12.37     1.32

August

       -1.43     5.33     -0.58

September

       -4.24     -14.03     14.26

October

       -1.41     -4.60     -6.97

November

     2.93     -4.32     14.26     5.48

December

     -18.61     9.68     -6.11  

Annual

     -16.22     -10.84     8.66     N/A   

Year-to-Date

     N/A        N/A        N/A        -6.77

 

* Based on the latest calculated net asset value, as applicable to creations and redemptions of Creation Units, with respect to each period.

 

-58-


Table of Contents

The following performance information is presented in accordance with CFTC regulations.

All summary performance information is as of November 30, 2011. Performance information is set forth, in accordance with CFTC regulations, since each fund’s inception of trading.

 

Name of Pool:

  

ProShares Ultra Yen1

Type of Pool:

   Public, Exchange-listed Commodity Pool

Date of Inception of Trading:

   November 24, 2008

Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions2 as of November 30, 2011:

   $9,999,181

Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions3 as of November 30, 2011:

   $3,786,887

Net Asset Value as of November 30, 2011:

   $5,401,612

Net Asset Value per Share4 as of November 30, 2011:

   $36.01

Worst Monthly Loss:5

   -15.60%
   (February 2009)

Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss:6

   -18.31%
   (January 2009 – March 2009)

 

1 

ProShare Capital Management, LLC serves as the sole commodity trading advisor for this pool. Therefore, the performance of the commodity trading advisor is the same as that of the pool.

2 

“Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, including those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

3 

“Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, excluding those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

4 

“Net Asset Value per Share” is the net asset value, based on the pricing policies of the Trust and determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, of the pool divided by the total number of Shares outstanding as of November 30, 2011. Please see “Description of the Shares; The Funds; Certain Material Terms of the Trust Agreement—Net Asset Value (“NAV”)” for additional information regarding the pricing policies of the Trust.

5 

“Worst Monthly Loss” is the largest single month loss sustained since inception of trading. “Loss” as used in this section of the Prospectus means losses experienced by the relevant pool over the specified period and is calculated on a rate of return basis, i.e., dividing net performance by beginning equity. Loss is measured on the basis of monthly returns only, and does not reflect intra-month figures.

6 

“Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss” is the largest percentage decline in Net Asset Value per Share over the history of the pool. This need not be a continuous decline, but can be a series of positive and negative returns where the negative returns are larger than the positive returns. Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss represents the greatest percentage decline from any month-end Net Asset Value per Share that occurs without such month-end Net Asset Value per Share being equaled or exceeded as of a subsequent month-end.

PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT NECESSARILY INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS.

Rate of Return:*

 

     2008     2009     2010     2011  

January

       1.67     6.21     -2.25

February

       -15.60     2.89     0.55

March

       -3.21     -9.78     -3.51

April

       0.49     -1.08     4.97

May

       6.81     6.40     -1.08

June

       -2.48     5.51     2.38

July

       3.30     4.39     9.24

August

       3.19     5.59     0.78

September

       7.30     0.99     -1.62

October

       -0.79     7.47     -2.89

November

     3.03     8.35     -7.64     1.40

December

     10.44     -14.04     5.91  

Annual

     13.79     -8.11     28.13     N/A   

Year-to-Date

     N/A        N/A        N/A        7.51

 

* Based on the latest calculated net asset value, as applicable to creations and redemptions of Creation Units, with respect to each period.

 

-59-


Table of Contents

The following performance information is presented in accordance with CFTC regulations.

All summary performance information is as of November 30, 2011. Performance information is set forth, in accordance with CFTC regulations, since each fund’s inception of trading.

 

Name of Pool:

  

ProShares UltraShort Yen1

Type of Pool:

   Public, Exchange-listed Commodity Pool

Date of Inception of Trading:

   November 24, 2008

Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions2 as of November 30, 2011:

   $672,376,730

Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions3 as of November 30, 2011:

   $308,372,827

Net Asset Value as of November 30, 2011:

   $224.536,869

Net Asset Value per Share4 as of November 30, 2011:

   $41.59

Worst Monthly Loss:5

   -10.60%
   (December 2008)

Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss:6

   -46.11%
   (March 2009 – September 2011)

 

1 

ProShare Capital Management, LLC serves as the sole commodity trading advisor for this pool. Therefore, the performance of the commodity trading advisor is the same as that of the pool.

2 

“Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, including those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

3 

“Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, excluding those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

4 

“Net Asset Value per Share” is the net asset value, based on the pricing policies of the Trust and determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, of the pool divided by the total number of Shares outstanding as of November 30, 2011. Please see “Description of the Shares; The Funds; Certain Material Terms of the Trust Agreement—Net Asset Value (“NAV”)” for additional information regarding the pricing policies of the Trust.

5 

“Worst Monthly Loss” is the largest single month loss sustained since inception of trading. “Loss” as used in this section of the Prospectus means losses experienced by the relevant pool over the specified period and is calculated on a rate of return basis, i.e., dividing net performance by beginning equity. Loss is measured on the basis of monthly returns only, and does not reflect intra-month figures.

6 

“Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss” is the largest percentage decline in Net Asset Value per Share over the history of the pool. This need not be a continuous decline, but can be a series of positive and negative returns where the negative returns are larger than the positive returns. Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss represents the greatest percentage decline from any month-end Net Asset Value per Share that occurs without such month-end Net Asset Value per Share being equaled or exceeded as of a subsequent month-end.

PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT NECESSARILY INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS.

Rate of Return:*

 

     2008     2009     2010     2011  

January

       -2.56     -6.25     1.85

February

       17.12     -3.39     -0.87

March

       2.07     10.27     2.79

April

       -1.17     0.74     -5.14

May

       -7.18     -7.31     0.74

June

       1.58     -5.58     -2.64

July

       -3.95     -4.67     -8.79

August

       -3.66     -5.79     -1.49

September

       -7.28     -1.61     1.33

October

       0.16     -7.23     2.26

November

     -3.07     -8.10     7.93     -1.62

December

     -10.60     15.36     -6.09  

Annual

     -13.35     -1.10     -26.84     N/A   

Year-to-Date

     N/A        N/A        N/A        -11.56

 

* Based on the latest calculated net asset value, as applicable to creations and redemptions of Creation Units, with respect to each period.

 

-60-


Table of Contents

The following performance information is presented in accordance with CFTC regulations.

All summary performance information is as of November 30, 2011. Performance information is set forth, in accordance with CFTC regulations, since each fund’s inception of trading.

 

Name of Pool:

  

ProShares VIX Short-Term Futures ETF1

Type of Pool:

   Public, Exchange-listed Commodity Pool

Date of Inception of Trading:

   January 3, 2011

Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions2 as of November 30, 2011:

   $288,715,105

Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions3 as of November 30, 2011:

   $24,288,152

Net Asset Value as of November 30, 2011:

   $31,114,432

Net Asset Value per Share4 as of November 30, 2011:

   $88.90

Worst Monthly Loss:5

   -24.39%
   (October 2011)

Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss:6

   -43.16%
   (Inception – June 2011)

 

1 

ProShare Capital Management, LLC serves as the sole commodity trading advisor for this pool. Therefore, the performance of the commodity trading advisor is the same as that of the pool.

2 

“Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, including those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

3 

“Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, excluding those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

4 

“Net Asset Value per Share” is the net asset value, based on the pricing policies of the Trust and determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, of the pool divided by the total number of Shares outstanding as of November 30, 2011. Please see “Description of the Shares; The Funds; Certain Material Terms of the Trust Agreement—Net Asset Value (“NAV”)” for additional information regarding the pricing policies of the Trust.

5 

“Worst Monthly Loss” is the largest single month loss sustained since inception of trading. “Loss” as used in this section of the Prospectus means losses experienced by the relevant pool over the specified period and is calculated on a rate of return basis, i.e., dividing net performance by beginning equity. Loss is measured on the basis of monthly returns only, and does not reflect intra-month figures.

6 

“Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss” is the largest percentage decline in Net Asset Value per Share over the history of the pool. This need not be a continuous decline, but can be a series of positive and negative returns where the negative returns are larger than the positive returns. Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss represents the greatest percentage decline from any month-end Net Asset Value per Share that occurs without such month-end Net Asset Value per Share being equaled or exceeded as of a subsequent month-end.

 

PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT NECESSARILY INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS.

Rate of Return:*

 

     2011  

January**

     -12.84

February

     -6.37

March

     -1.88

April

     -21.52

May

     -8.52

June

     -1.13

July

     11.10

August

     65.31

September

     38.45

October

     -24.39

November

     1.68

December

  

Year-to-Date†

     11.10

 

* Based on the latest calculated net asset value, as applicable to creations and redemptions of Creation Units, with respect to each period.
** Represents return from inception to January 31, 2011, as the inception of trading date for the pool was after January 1, 2011.
Represents inception-to-date return, as the inception of trading date for the pool was after January 1, 2011.

 

-61-


Table of Contents

The following performance information is presented in accordance with CFTC regulations.

All summary performance information is as of November 30, 2011. Performance information is set forth, in accordance with CFTC regulations, since each fund’s inception of trading.

 

Name of Pool:

  

ProShares VIX Mid-Term Futures ETF1

Type of Pool:

   Public, Exchange-listed Commodity Pool

Date of Inception of Trading:

   January 3, 2011

Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions2 as of November 30, 2011:

   $36,782,413

Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions3 as of November 30, 2011:

   $11,161,521

Net Asset Value as of November 30, 2011:

   $12,126,574

Net Asset Value per Share4 as of November 30, 2011:

   $80.84

Worst Monthly Loss:5

   -16.01%
   (October 2011)

Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss:6

   -25.43%
   (Inception – July 2011)

 

1 

ProShare Capital Management, LLC serves as the sole commodity trading advisor for this pool. Therefore, the performance of the commodity trading advisor is the same as that of the pool.

2 

“Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, including those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

3 

“Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, excluding those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

4 

“Net Asset Value per Share” is the net asset value, based on the pricing policies of the Trust and determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, of the pool divided by the total number of Shares outstanding as of November 30, 2011. Please see “Description of the Shares; The Funds; Certain Material Terms of the Trust Agreement—Net Asset Value (“NAV”)” for additional information regarding the pricing policies of the Trust.

5 

“Worst Monthly Loss” is the largest single month loss sustained since inception of trading. “Loss” as used in this section of the Prospectus means losses experienced by the relevant pool over the specified period and is calculated on a rate of return basis, i.e., dividing net performance by beginning equity. Loss is measured on the basis of monthly returns only, and does not reflect intra-month figures.

6 

“Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss” is the largest percentage decline in Net Asset Value per Share over the history of the pool. This need not be a continuous decline, but can be a series of positive and negative returns where the negative returns are larger than the positive returns. Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss represents the greatest percentage decline from any month-end Net Asset Value per Share that occurs without such month-end Net Asset Value per Share being equaled or exceeded as of a subsequent month-end.

PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT NECESSARILY INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS.

Rate of Return:*

 

     2011  

January**

     -10.88

February

     -3.79

March

     -1.77

April

     -6.98

May

     -2.60

June

     1.15

July

     -3.41

August

     28.73

September

     16.65

October

     -16.01

November

     7.47

December

  

Year-to-Date†

     1.07

 

 

* Based on the latest calculated net asset value, as applicable to creations and redemptions of Creation Units, with respect to each period.
** Represents rate of return from inception to January 31, 2011, as the inception of trading date for the pool was after January 1, 2011.
Represents inception-to-date return, as the inception of trading date for the pool was after January 1, 2011.

 

-62-


Table of Contents

The following performance information is presented in accordance with CFTC regulations.

All summary performance information is as of November 30, 2011. Performance information is set forth, in accordance with CFTC regulations, since each fund’s inception of trading.

 

Name of Pool:

  

ProShares Ultra VIX Short-Term Futures ETF1

Type of Pool:

   Public, Exchange-listed Commodity Pool

Date of Inception of Trading:

   October 3, 2011

Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions2 as of November 30, 2011:

   $7,433,687

Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions3 as of November 30, 2011:

   $7,433,687

Net Asset Value as of November 30, 2011:

   $5,167,451

Net Asset Value per Share4 as of November 30, 2011:

   $17.22

Worst Monthly Loss:5

   -55.10%
   (October 2011)

Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss:6

   -56.96%
   (Inception – November 2011)

 

1 

ProShare Capital Management, LLC serves as the sole commodity trading advisor for this pool. Therefore, the performance of the commodity trading advisor is the same as that of the pool.

2 

“Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, including those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

3 

“Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, excluding those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

4 

“Net Asset Value per Share” is the net asset value, based on the pricing policies of the Trust and determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, of the pool divided by the total number of Shares outstanding as of November 30, 2011. Please see “Description of the Shares; The Funds; Certain Material Terms of the Trust Agreement—Net Asset Value (“NAV”)” for additional information regarding the pricing policies of the Trust.

5 

“Worst Monthly Loss” is the largest single month loss sustained since inception of trading. “Loss” as used in this section of the Prospectus means losses experienced by the relevant pool over the specified period and is calculated on a rate of return basis, i.e., dividing net performance by beginning equity. Loss is measured on the basis of monthly returns only, and does not reflect intra-month figures.

6 

“Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss” is the largest percentage decline in Net Asset Value per Share over the history of the pool. This need not be a continuous decline, but can be a series of positive and negative returns where the negative returns are larger than the positive returns. Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss represents the greatest percentage decline from any month-end Net Asset Value per Share that occurs without such month-end Net Asset Value per Share being equaled or exceeded as of a subsequent month-end.

PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT NECESSARILY INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS.

Rate of Return:*

 

     2011  

January

  

February

  

March

  

April

  

May

  

June

  

July

  

August

  

September

  

October**

     -55.10

November

     -4.14

December

  

Year-to-Date†

     -56.95

 

 

* Based on the latest calculated net asset value, as applicable to creations and redemptions of Creation Units, with respect to each period.
** Represents rate of return from inception to October 31, 2011, as the inception of trading date for the pool was after October 1, 2011.
Represents inception-to-date rate of return, as the inception of trading date for the pool was after January 1, 2011.

 

-63-


Table of Contents

The following performance information is presented in accordance with CFTC regulations.

All summary performance information is as of November 30, 2011. Performance information is set forth, in accordance with CFTC regulations, since each fund’s inception of trading.

 

Name of Pool:

  

ProShares Short VIX Short-Term Futures ETF1

Type of Pool:

   Public, Exchange-listed Commodity Pool

Date of Inception of Trading:

   October 3, 2011

Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions2 as of November 30, 2011:

   $4,000,880

Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions3 as of November 30, 2011:

   $4,000,880

Net Asset Value as of November 30, 2011:

   $4,570,056

Net Asset Value per Share4 as of November 30, 2011:

   $45.70

Worst Monthly Loss:5

   -10.40%
   (November 2011)

Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss:6

   -10.40%
   (October 2011 – November 2011)

 

1 

ProShare Capital Management, LLC serves as the sole commodity trading advisor for this pool. Therefore, the performance of the commodity trading advisor is the same as that of the pool.

2 

“Aggregate Gross Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, including those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

3 

“Aggregate Net Capital Subscriptions” is the aggregate of all amounts ever contributed to the pool, excluding those of investors who subsequently redeemed their investments.

4 

“Net Asset Value per Share” is the net asset value, based on the pricing policies of the Trust and determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, of the pool divided by the total number of Shares outstanding as of November 30, 2011. Please see “Description of the Shares; The Funds; Certain Material Terms of the Trust Agreement—Net Asset Value (“NAV”)” for additional information regarding the pricing policies of the Trust.

5 

“Worst Monthly Loss” is the largest single month loss sustained since inception of trading. “Loss” as used in this section of the Prospectus means losses experienced by the relevant pool over the specified period and is calculated on a rate of return basis, i.e., dividing net performance by beginning equity. Loss is measured on the basis of monthly returns only, and does not reflect intra-month figures.

6 

“Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss” is the largest percentage decline in Net Asset Value per Share over the history of the pool. This need not be a continuous decline, but can be a series of positive and negative returns where the negative returns are larger than the positive returns. Worst Peak-to-Valley Loss represents the greatest percentage decline from any month-end Net Asset Value per Share that occurs without such month-end Net Asset Value per Share being equaled or exceeded as of a subsequent month-end.

PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT NECESSARILY INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS.

Rate of Return:*