10-Q 1 pm-033113x10qxdoc.htm FORM 10-Q PM-03.31.13-10Q-DOC

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
 
(X)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2013
OR
 
( )
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File Number 001-33708
Philip Morris International Inc.
 
 
 
 
 
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Virginia
13-3435103
(State or other jurisdiction of
    incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
    Identification No.)
 
120 Park Avenue
New York, New York
10017
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
(917) 663-2000
 
 
 
 
 
 
Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ        No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ        No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  þ    Accelerated filer  ¨    Non-accelerated filer  ¨     Smaller reporting company  ¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  þ
At April 30, 2013, there were 1,635,507,185 shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, no par value per share.

-1-


PHILIP MORRIS INTERNATIONAL INC.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page No.
 
 
 
PART I -
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at
 
 
3 –  4
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings for the
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Earnings for the
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ (Deficit) Equity for the
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the
 
 
8 –  9
 
 
 
 
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
10 – 32
 
 
 
Item 2.
33 – 59
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
PART II -
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 
In this report, “PMI,” “we,” “us” and “our” refers to Philip Morris International Inc. and its subsidiaries.

- 2-


PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in millions of dollars)
(Unaudited)
 
 
March 31,
2013
 
December 31,
2012
ASSETS
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
3,981

 
$
2,983

Receivables (less allowances of $57 in 2013 and $56 in 2012)
3,591

 
3,589


Inventories:
 
 
 
Leaf tobacco
3,441

 
3,548

Other raw materials
1,624

 
1,610

Finished product
2,911

 
3,791

 
7,976

 
8,949

Deferred income taxes
381

 
450

Other current assets
732

 
619


Total current assets
16,661

 
16,590


Property, plant and equipment, at cost
13,568

 
13,879

Less: accumulated depreciation
7,095

 
7,234

 
6,473

 
6,645

Goodwill (Note 5)
9,765

 
9,900

Other intangible assets, net (Note 5)
3,597

 
3,619

Other assets
922

 
916

TOTAL ASSETS
$
37,418

 
$
37,670









See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
Continued

- 3-


Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Continued)
(in millions of dollars, except share data)
(Unaudited)
 
 
March 31,
2013
 
December 31,
2012
LIABILITIES
 
 
 
Short-term borrowings (Note 12)
$
1,539

 
$
2,419

Current portion of long-term debt (Note 12)
3,263

 
2,781

Accounts payable
967

 
1,103

Accrued liabilities:
 
 
 
Marketing and selling
472

 
527

Taxes, except income taxes
4,306

 
5,350

Employment costs
797

 
896

Dividends payable
1,405

 
1,418

Other
857

 
952

Income taxes
783

 
1,456

Deferred income taxes
120

 
114

Total current liabilities
14,509

 
17,016


Long-term debt (Note 12)
20,796

 
17,639

Deferred income taxes
1,873

 
1,875

Employment costs
2,483

 
2,574

Other liabilities
489

 
419

Total liabilities
40,150

 
39,523


Contingencies (Note 10)

 


Redeemable noncontrolling interest (Note 7)
1,323

 
1,301


STOCKHOLDERS’ (DEFICIT) EQUITY
 
 
 

Common stock, no par value
(2,109,316,331 shares issued in 2013 and 2012)

 

Additional paid-in capital
1,266

 
1,334

Earnings reinvested in the business
25,800

 
25,076

Accumulated other comprehensive losses
(3,720
)
 
(3,604
)
 
23,346

 
22,806

Less: cost of repurchased stock
   (470,084,480 and 455,703,347 shares in 2013 and 2012, respectively)
27,660

 
26,282

Total PMI stockholders’ deficit
(4,314
)
 
(3,476
)
Noncontrolling interests
259

 
322

Total stockholders’ deficit
(4,055
)
 
(3,154
)
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ (DEFICIT) EQUITY
$
37,418

 
$
37,670



See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

- 4-


Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings
(in millions of dollars, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2013
 
2012
Net revenues
$
18,527

 
$
18,022

Cost of sales
2,489

 
2,442

Excise taxes on products
10,943

 
10,574

Gross profit
5,095

 
5,006

Marketing, administration and research costs
1,681

 
1,571

Asset impairment and exit costs (Note 2)
3

 
8

Amortization of intangibles
24

 
24

Operating income
3,387

 
3,403

Interest expense, net
236

 
213

Earnings before income taxes
3,151

 
3,190

Provision for income taxes
933

 
958

Net earnings
2,218

 
2,232

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests
93

 
71

Net earnings attributable to PMI
$
2,125

 
$
2,161


Per share data (Note 8):
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share
$
1.28

 
$
1.25

Diluted earnings per share
$
1.28

 
$
1.25

Dividends declared
$
0.85

 
$
0.77









See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


- 5-


Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Earnings
(in millions of dollars)
(Unaudited)

 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2013
 
2012
Net earnings
 
$
2,218

 
$
2,232

Other comprehensive earnings (losses), net of income taxes:
 
 
 
 
Currency translation adjustments, net of income taxes of ($28) in 2013 and $22 in 2012
 
(234
)
 
461


Change in net loss and prior service cost:
 
 
 
 
Amortization of net losses, prior service costs and net transition costs, net of income taxes of ($14) in 2013 and ($12) in 2012
 
59

 
38


Change in fair value of derivatives accounted for as hedges:
 
 
 
 
Gains transferred to earnings, net of income taxes of $4 in 2013 and $1 in 2012
 
(31
)
 
(10
)
Gains recognized, net of income taxes of ($13) in 2013 and ($5) in 2012
 
96

 
46

Total other comprehensive (losses) earnings
 
(110
)
 
535

Total comprehensive earnings
 
2,108

 
2,767

Less comprehensive earnings attributable to:
 
 
 
 
Noncontrolling interests
 
53

 
61

Redeemable noncontrolling interest
 
46

 
49

Comprehensive earnings attributable to PMI
 
$
2,009

 
$
2,657



















See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements

- 6-


Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ (Deficit) Equity
for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2013 and 2012
(in millions of dollars, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
PMI Stockholders’ (Deficit) Equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Earnings
Reinvested in
the
Business
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Losses
 
Cost of
Repurchased
Stock
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Total
Balances, January 1, 2012
$

 
$
1,235

 
$
21,757

 
$
(2,863
)
 
$
(19,900
)
 
$
322

 
 
$
551

 
Net earnings
 
 
 
 
2,161

 
 
 
 
 
29

(a) 
 
2,190

(a) 
Other comprehensive earnings, net of income taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
496

 
 
 
32

(a) 
 
528

(a) 
Issuance of stock awards and exercise of stock options
 
 
(60
)
 
 
 
 
 
112

 
 
 
 
52

 
Dividends declared ($0.77 per share)
 
 
 
 
(1,326
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,326
)
 
Payments to noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(117
)
 
 
(117
)
 
Common stock repurchased
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,500
)
 
 
 
 
(1,500
)
 
Balances, March 31, 2012
$

 
$
1,175

 
$
22,592

 
$
(2,367
)
 
$
(21,288
)
 
$
266

 
 
$
378

 
Balances, January 1, 2013
$

 
$
1,334

 
$
25,076

 
$
(3,604
)
 
$
(26,282
)
 
$
322

 
 
$
(3,154
)
 
Net earnings
 
 
 
 
2,125

 
 
 
 
 
49

(a) 
 
2,174

(a) 
Other comprehensive earnings (losses), net of income taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
(116
)
 
 
 
4

(a) 
 
(112
)
(a) 
Issuance of stock awards and exercise of stock options
 
 
(68
)
 
 
 
 
 
122

 
 
 
 
54

 
Dividends declared ($0.85 per share)
 
 
 
 
(1,401
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,401
)
 
Payments to noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(116
)
 
 
(116
)
 
Common stock repurchased
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
(1,500
)
 
 
 
 
(1,500
)
 
Balances, March 31, 2013
$

 
$
1,266

 
$
25,800

 
$
(3,720
)
 
$
(27,660
)
 
$
259

 
 
$
(4,055
)
 
(a) For the three months ended March 31, 2012, net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests exclude $42 million of earnings related to the redeemable noncontrolling interest, which is reported outside of the equity section in the condensed consolidated balance sheet. Other comprehensive earnings, net of income taxes, also exclude $7 million of net currency translation adjustment gains related to the redeemable noncontrolling interest at March 31, 2012. For the three months ended March 31, 2013, net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests exclude $44 million of earnings related to the redeemable noncontrolling interest, which is reported outside of the equity section in the condensed consolidated balance sheet. Other comprehensive earnings, net of income taxes, also exclude $2 million of net currency translation adjustment gains related to the redeemable noncontrolling interest at March 31, 2013.


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

- 7-


Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in millions of dollars)
(Unaudited)
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2013
 
2012
CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings
$
2,218

 
$
2,232

 
 
 
 
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to operating cash flows:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
222

 
227

Deferred income tax provision
79

 
51

Asset impairment and exit costs, net of cash paid
(2
)
 
(5
)
Cash effects of changes, net of the effects from acquired and divested companies:
 
 
 
Receivables, net
(67
)
 
(151
)
Inventories
806

 
1,036

Accounts payable
1

 
23

Income taxes
(734
)
 
(53
)
Accrued liabilities and other current assets
(1,260
)
 
(1,543
)
Pension plan contributions
(25
)
 
(32
)
Other
125

 
113

Net cash provided by operating activities
1,363

 
1,898

 
 
 
 
CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(240
)
 
(227
)
Other
18

 
3

Net cash used in investing activities
(222
)
 
(224
)
 

















See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

Continued

- 8-


Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Continued)
(in millions of dollars)
(Unaudited)
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2013
 
2012
CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term borrowing activity by original maturity:
 
 
 
    Net (repayments) issuances - maturities of 90 days or less
$
(947
)
 
$
2,833

    Issuances - maturities longer than 90 days
93

 
473

    Repayments - maturities longer than 90 days
(25
)
 
(742
)
Long-term debt proceeds
4,569

 
1,220

Long-term debt repaid
(739
)
 
(1,667
)
Repurchases of common stock
(1,453
)
 
(1,427
)
Dividends paid
(1,414
)
 
(1,338
)
Other
(137
)
 
(135
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(53
)
 
(783
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(90
)
 
135

 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents:
 
 
 
Increase
998

 
1,026

Balance at beginning of period
2,983

 
2,550

Balance at end of period
$
3,981

 
$
3,576








See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

- 9-


Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
 
Note 1. Background and Basis of Presentation:
Background
Philip Morris International Inc. is a holding company incorporated in Virginia, U.S.A., whose subsidiaries and affiliates and their licensees are engaged in the manufacture and sale of cigarettes and other tobacco products in markets outside of the United States of America. Throughout these financial statements, the term “PMI” refers to Philip Morris International Inc. and its subsidiaries.
Basis of Presentation
The interim condensed consolidated financial statements of PMI are unaudited. These interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and such principles are applied on a consistent basis. It is the opinion of PMI’s management that all adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the interim results presented have been reflected therein. All such adjustments were of a normal recurring nature. Net revenues and net earnings attributable to PMI for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for the entire year.
These statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes, which appear in PMI’s Annual Report to Shareholders and which are incorporated by reference into PMI’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012.

Note 2. Asset Impairment and Exit Costs:
Pre-tax asset impairment and exit costs consisted of the following:
 
(in millions)
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2013
 
2012
Separation programs:
 
 
 
 
Latin America & Canada
 
$

 
$
8

Total separation programs
 

 
8

Contract termination charges:
 
 
 
 
Asia
 
3

 

Total contract termination charges
 
3

 

Asset impairment and exit costs
 
$
3

 
$
8


Exit Costs
Separation Programs
PMI recorded pre-tax separation program charges of $8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012. These charges related to severance costs for a factory restructuring.

Contract Termination Charges

During the three months ended March 31, 2013, PMI recorded exit costs of $3 million related to the termination of distribution agreements.

- 10-

Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

Movement in Exit Cost Liabilities
The movement in exit cost liabilities for the three months ended March 31, 2013 was as follows:
 
(in millions)
 
Liability balance, January 1, 2013
$
20

Charges
3

Cash spent
(5
)
Currency/other

Liability balance, March 31, 2013
$
18

Cash payments related to exit costs at PMI were $5 million and $13 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Future cash payments for exit costs incurred to date are expected to be approximately $18 million, and will be substantially paid by the end of 2013.

Note 3. Stock Plans:
In May 2012, PMI’s stockholders approved the Philip Morris International Inc. 2012 Performance Incentive Plan (the “2012 Plan”). The 2012 Plan replaced the 2008 Performance Incentive Plan (the “2008 Plan”) and, as a result, there will be no additional grants under the 2008 Plan. Under the 2012 Plan, PMI may grant to eligible employees restricted stock, restricted stock units and deferred stock units, performance-based cash incentive awards and performance-based equity awards. Up to 30 million shares of PMI’s common stock may be issued under the 2012 Plan. At March 31, 2013, shares available for grant under the 2012 Plan were 27,216,430.
In 2008, PMI adopted the Philip Morris International Inc. 2008 Stock Compensation Plan for Non-Employee Directors (the “Non-Employee Directors Plan”). A non-employee director is defined as a member of the PMI Board of Directors who is not a full-time employee of PMI or of any corporation in which PMI owns, directly or indirectly, stock possessing at least 50% of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock entitled to vote in the election of directors in such corporation. Up to 1 million shares of PMI common stock may be awarded under the Non-Employee Directors Plan. At March 31, 2013, shares available for grant under the plan were 798,801.
During the three months ended March 31, 2013, PMI granted 2.8 million shares of deferred stock awards to eligible employees at a weighted-average grant date fair value of $88.43 per share. During the three months ended March 31, 2012, PMI granted 3.2 million shares of deferred stock awards to eligible employees at a weighted-average grant date fair value of $79.42 per share. PMI recorded compensation expense related to stock awards of $72 million and $77 million during the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. As of March 31, 2013, PMI had $386 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested restricted and deferred stock awards. The cost is recognized over the original restriction period of the awards, which is typically three or more years after the date of the award, subject to earlier vesting on death or disability or normal retirement, or separation from employment by mutual agreement after reaching age 58.
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2013, 2.9 million shares of PMI restricted stock and deferred stock awards vested. The grant date fair value of all the vested shares was approximately $140 million. The total fair value of restricted stock and deferred stock awards that vested during the three months ended March 31, 2013 was approximately $265 million.

Note 4. Benefit Plans:            

Pension coverage for employees of PMI’s subsidiaries is provided, to the extent deemed appropriate, through separate plans, many of which are governed by local statutory requirements. In addition, PMI provides health care and other benefits to substantially all U.S. retired employees and certain non-U.S. retired employees. In general, health care benefits for non-U.S. retired employees are covered through local government plans.

- 11-

Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

Pension Plans
Components of Net Periodic Benefit Cost
Net periodic pension cost consisted of the following:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Plans
 
Non-U.S. Plans
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
(in millions)
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Service cost
 
$
2

 
$
2

 
$
65

 
$
49

Interest cost
 
4

 
4

 
43

 
49

Expected return on plan assets
 
(4
)
 
(4
)
 
(87
)
 
(84
)
Amortization:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
3

 
3

 
51

 
31

Prior service cost
 

 

 
2

 
3

Net periodic pension cost
 
$
5

 
$
5

 
$
74

 
$
48


Employer Contributions
PMI makes, and plans to make, contributions, to the extent that they are tax deductible and to meet specific funding requirements of its funded U.S. and non-U.S. plans. Employer contributions of $25 million were made to the pension plans during the three months ended March 31, 2013. Currently, PMI anticipates making additional contributions during the remainder of 2013 of approximately $195 million to its pension plans, based on current tax and benefit laws. However, this estimate is subject to change as a result of changes in tax and other benefit laws, as well as asset performance significantly above or below the assumed long-term rate of return on pension assets, or changes in interest rates.

Note 5. Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, net:
Goodwill and other intangible assets, net, by segment were as follows:
 
 
 
Goodwill
 
Other Intangible Assets, net
(in millions)
 
March 31,
2013
 
December 31,
2012
 
March 31,
2013
 
December 31,
2012
European Union
 
$
1,395

 
$
1,448

 
$
630

 
$
647

Eastern Europe, Middle East & Africa
 
620

 
637

 
237

 
242

Asia
 
4,753

 
4,791

 
1,522

 
1,542

Latin America & Canada
 
2,997

 
3,024

 
1,208

 
1,188

Total
 
$
9,765

 
$
9,900

 
$
3,597

 
$
3,619


- 12-

Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

Goodwill is due primarily to PMI’s acquisitions in Canada, Indonesia, Mexico, Greece, Serbia, Colombia and Pakistan, as well as the business combination in the Philippines in February 2010. The movements in goodwill from December 31, 2012, were as follows:
 
(in millions)
 
European
Union
 
Eastern
Europe,
Middle East
&
Africa
 
Asia
 
Latin
America &
Canada
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2012
 
$
1,448

 
$
637

 
$
4,791

 
$
3,024

 
$
9,900

Changes due to:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency
 
(53
)
 
(17
)
 
(38
)
 
(27
)
 
(135
)
Balances, March 31, 2013
 
$
1,395

 
$
620

 
$
4,753

 
$
2,997

 
$
9,765

Additional details of other intangible assets were as follows:  
 
 
March 31, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
(in millions)
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
Non-amortizable intangible assets
 
$
2,072

 
 
 
$
2,046

 
 
Amortizable intangible assets
 
2,014

 
$
489

 
2,046

 
$
473

Total other intangible assets
 
$
4,086

 
$
489

 
$
4,092

 
$
473

 
Non-amortizable intangible assets substantially consist of trademarks from PMI’s acquisitions in Indonesia and Mexico. Amortizable intangible assets primarily consist of certain trademarks, distribution networks and non-compete agreements associated with business combinations. The range of useful lives as well as the weighted-average remaining useful life of amortizable intangible assets at March 31, 2013 is as follows:

 
Description
Initial Estimated
Useful Lives
    
Weighted-Average
Remaining Useful Life
Trademarks
2 - 40 years
    
25 years
Distribution networks
20 - 30 years
    
15 years
Non-compete agreements
3 - 10 years
    
2 years
Other (including farmer
  contracts and intellectual property rights)
12.5 - 17 years
    
13 years

Pre-tax amortization expense for intangible assets was $24 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012. Amortization expense for each of the next five years is estimated to be $97 million or less, assuming no additional transactions occur that require the amortization of intangible assets.
The decrease in the gross carrying amount of other intangible assets from December 31, 2012, was due to currency movements.
During the first quarter of 2013, PMI completed its annual review of goodwill and non-amortizable intangible assets for potential impairment, and no impairment charges were required as a result of this review.

Note 6. Financial Instruments:
Overview
PMI operates in markets outside of the United States of America, with manufacturing and sales facilities in various locations around the world. PMI utilizes certain financial instruments to manage foreign currency and interest rate exposure. Derivative financial instruments are used by PMI principally to reduce exposures to market risks resulting from fluctuations in foreign currency

- 13-

Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

exchange rates by creating offsetting exposures. PMI is not a party to leveraged derivatives and, by policy, does not use derivative financial instruments for speculative purposes. Financial instruments qualifying for hedge accounting must maintain a specified level of effectiveness between the hedging instrument and the item being hedged, both at inception and throughout the hedged period. PMI formally documents the nature and relationships between the hedging instruments and hedged items, as well as its risk-management objectives, strategies for undertaking the various hedge transactions and method of assessing hedge effectiveness. Additionally, for hedges of forecasted transactions, the significant characteristics and expected terms of the forecasted transaction must be specifically identified, and it must be probable that each forecasted transaction will occur. If it were deemed probable that the forecasted transaction would not occur, the gain or loss would be recognized in earnings. PMI reports its net transaction gains or losses in marketing, administration and research costs on the condensed consolidated statements of earnings.
PMI uses deliverable and non-deliverable forward foreign exchange contracts, foreign currency swaps and foreign currency options, collectively referred to as foreign exchange contracts, to mitigate its exposure to changes in exchange and interest rates from third-party and intercompany actual and forecasted transactions. The primary currencies to which PMI is exposed include the Euro, Indonesian rupiah, Japanese yen, Mexican peso, Russian ruble, Swiss franc and Turkish lira. At March 31, 2013, PMI had contracts with aggregate notional amounts of $13.7 billion. Of the $13.7 billion aggregate notional amount at March 31, 2013, $2.8 billion related to cash flow hedges and $10.9 billion related to other derivatives that primarily offset currency exposures on intercompany financing.
The fair value of PMI’s foreign exchange contracts included in the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, were as follows:
 
 
 
Asset Derivatives
 
Liability Derivatives
 
 

 
Fair Value
 

 
Fair Value
(in millions)
 
Balance Sheet Classification
 
At March 31, 2013
 
At December 31, 2012
 
Balance Sheet Classification
 
At March 31, 2013
 
At December 31, 2012
Foreign exchange contracts designated as hedging instruments
 
Other current assets
 
$
221

 
$
146

 
Other accrued liabilities
 
$
1

 
$
8

 
 
Other assets
 
7

 

 
Other liabilities
 
2

 

Foreign exchange contracts not designated as hedging instruments 
 
Other current assets 
 
39

 
14

 
Other accrued liabilities
 
50

 
47

 
 
 Other assets
 
5

 

 
 
 


 

Total derivatives
 
 
 
$
272

 
$
160

 
 
 
$
53

 
$
55



- 14-

Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

Hedging activities, which represent movement in derivatives as well as the respective underlying transactions, had the following effect on PMI’s condensed consolidated statements of earnings and other comprehensive earnings for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in millions)
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2013
Gain (Loss)
 
Cash Flow
Hedges
 
Net
Investment
Hedges
 
Other
Derivatives
 
Income
Taxes
 
Total
Statement of Earnings:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenues
 
$
41

 
 
 
$

 
 
 
$
41

Cost of sales
 
3

 
 
 

 
 
 
3

Marketing, administration and research costs
 

 
 
 

 
 
 

Operating income
 
44

 
 
 

 
 
 
44

Interest expense, net
 
(9
)
 
 
 

 
 
 
(9
)
Earnings before income taxes
 
35

 
 
 

 
 
 
35

Provision for income taxes
 
(4
)
 
 
 

 
 
 
(4
)
Net earnings attributable to PMI
 
$
31

 
 
 
$

 
 
 
$
31

Other Comprehensive Earnings/(Losses):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gains transferred to earnings
 
$
(35
)
 
 
 
 
 
$
4

 
$
(31
)
Recognized gains
 
109

 
 
 
 
 
(13
)
 
96

Net impact on equity
 
$
74

 
 
 
 
 
$
(9
)
 
$
65

Currency translation adjustments
 
 
 
$
3

 
 
 
$

 
$
3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  
(in millions)
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012
Gain (Loss)
 
Cash Flow
Hedges    
 
Net
Investment
Hedges    
 
Other
Derivatives    
 
Income
Taxes    
 
Total    
Statement of Earnings:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenues
 
$
11

 
 
 
$

 
 
 
$
11

Cost of sales
 
15

 
 
 

 
 
 
15

Marketing, administration and research costs
 

 
 
 

 
 
 

Operating income
 
26

 
 
 

 
 
 
26

Interest expense, net
 
(15
)
 
 
 
1

 
 
 
(14
)
Earnings before income taxes
 
11

 
 
 
1

 
 
 
12

Provision for income taxes
 
(1
)
 
 
 

 
 
 
(1
)
Net earnings attributable to PMI
 
$
10

 
 
 
$
1

 
 
 
$
11

Other Comprehensive Earnings/(Losses):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gains transferred to earnings
 
$
(11
)
 
 
 
 
 
$
1

 
$
(10
)
Recognized gains
 
51

 
 
 
 
 
(5
)
 
46

Net impact on equity
 
$
40

 
 
 
 
 
$
(4
)
 
$
36

Currency translation adjustments
 
 
 
$

 
 
 


 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Each type of hedging activity is described in greater detail below.

- 15-

Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

Cash Flow Hedges
PMI has entered into foreign exchange contracts to hedge foreign currency exchange risk related to certain forecasted transactions. The effective portion of gains and losses associated with qualifying cash flow hedge contracts is deferred as a component of accumulated other comprehensive losses until the underlying hedged transactions are reported in PMI’s condensed consolidated statements of earnings. During the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, ineffectiveness related to cash flow hedges was not material. As of March 31, 2013, PMI has hedged forecasted transactions for periods not exceeding the next fifteen months. The impact of these hedges is included in operating cash flows on PMI’s condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, foreign exchange contracts that were designated as cash flow hedging instruments impacted the condensed consolidated statements of earnings and comprehensive earnings as follows:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(pre-tax, in millions)
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
Derivatives in
Cash Flow
Hedging
Relationship  
 
Statement of Earnings
Classification of Gain/(Loss)
Reclassified from Other
Comprehensive Earnings/(Losses) into Earnings
 
Amount of Gain/(Loss)
Reclassified from Other
Comprehensive  Earnings/(Losses) into Earnings
 
Amount of Gain/(Loss)
Recognized in Other
Comprehensive Earnings/(Losses) on Derivatives
 
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Foreign exchange contracts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
109

 
$
51

 
 
Net revenues
 
$
41

 
$
11

 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of sales
 
3

 
15

 
 
 
 
 
 
Marketing, administration
and research costs
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
 
(9
)
 
(15
)
 
 
 
 
Total
 
 
 
$
35

 
$
11

 
$
109

 
$
51

 
Hedges of Net Investments in Foreign Operations
PMI designates certain foreign currency denominated debt and foreign exchange contracts as net investment hedges of its foreign operations. For the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, these hedges of net investments resulted in gains (losses), net of income taxes, of $91 million and $(42) million, respectively. These gains (losses) were reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive losses within currency translation adjustments. For the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, ineffectiveness related to net investment hedges was not material. Other investing cash flows on PMI’s condensed consolidated statements of cash flows include the premiums paid for and settlements of net investment hedges.

For the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, foreign exchange contracts that were designated as net investment hedging instruments impacted the condensed consolidated statements of earnings and comprehensive earnings as follows:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(pre-tax, in millions)
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
Derivatives in Net
Investment
Hedging
Relationship
 
Statement of Earnings
Classification of
Gain/(Loss) Reclassified
from Other Comprehensive
Earnings/(Losses) into Earnings
 
Amount of Gain/(Loss)
Reclassified from Other
Comprehensive Earnings/(Losses) into Earnings
 
Amount of Gain/(Loss)
Recognized in Other
Comprehensive Earnings/(Losses) on Derivatives
 
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Foreign exchange contracts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
3

 
$

 
 
Interest expense, net
 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 


- 16-

Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

Other Derivatives
PMI has entered into foreign exchange contracts to hedge the foreign currency exchange and interest rate risks related to intercompany loans between certain subsidiaries, and third-party loans. While effective as economic hedges, no hedge accounting is applied for these contracts; therefore, the unrealized gains (losses) relating to these contracts are reported in PMI’s condensed consolidated statements of earnings. For the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, the gains (losses) from contracts for which PMI did not apply hedge accounting were $(90) million and $62 million, respectively. The gains (losses) from these contracts substantially offset the losses and gains generated by the underlying intercompany and third-party loans being hedged.

As a result, for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, these items impacted the condensed consolidated statements of earnings as follows:
 
(pre-tax, in millions)
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
Derivatives not Designated
   as Hedging Instruments
 
Statement of Earnings
Classification of
Gain/(Loss)
 
Amount of Gain/(Loss)
Recognized in Earnings
 
 
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
Foreign exchange contracts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
 
 
$

 
$
1

Qualifying Hedging Activities Reported in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Losses
Derivative gains or losses reported in accumulated other comprehensive losses are a result of qualifying hedging activity. Transfers of these gains or losses to earnings are offset by the corresponding gains or losses on the underlying hedged item. Hedging activity affected accumulated other comprehensive losses, net of income taxes, as follows:

(in millions)
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
Gain as of January 1,
 
 
$
92

 
$
15

Derivative (gains)/losses transferred to earnings
 
 
(31
)
 
(10
)
Change in fair value
 
 
96

 
46

Gain as of March 31,
 
 
$
157

 
$
51

At March 31, 2013, PMI expects $154 million of derivative gains that are included in accumulated other comprehensive losses to be reclassified to the condensed consolidated statement of earnings within the next twelve months. These gains are expected to be substantially offset by the statement of earnings impact of the respective hedged transactions.
Contingent Features
PMI’s derivative instruments do not contain contingent features.
Credit Exposure and Credit Risk
PMI is exposed to credit loss in the event of non-performance by counterparties. While PMI does not anticipate non-performance, its risk is limited to the fair value of the financial instruments. PMI actively monitors its exposure to credit risk through the use of credit approvals and credit limits, and by selecting and continuously monitoring a diverse group of major international banks and financial institutions as counterparties.
Fair Value
See Note 13. Fair Value Measurements and Note 15. Balance Sheet Offsetting for additional discussion of derivative financial instruments.


- 17-

Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

Note 7. Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest:
Philippines Business Combination:
On February 25, 2010, PMI's affiliate, Philip Morris Philippines Manufacturing Inc. (“PMPMI”), and Fortune Tobacco Corporation (“FTC”) combined their respective business activities by transferring selected assets and liabilities of PMPMI and FTC to a new company called PMFTC Inc. (“PMFTC”). PMPMI and FTC hold equal economic interests in PMFTC, while PMI manages the day-to-day operations of PMFTC and has a majority of its Board of Directors. Consequently, PMI accounted for the contributed assets and liabilities of FTC as a business combination.
The fair value of the assets and liabilities contributed by FTC in this non-cash transaction was determined to be $1.17 billion. FTC holds the right to sell its interest in PMFTC to PMI, except in certain circumstances, during the period from February 25, 2015, through February 24, 2018, at an agreed-upon value of $1.17 billion, which was recorded on PMI’s condensed consolidated balance sheet as a redeemable noncontrolling interest at the date of the business combination.
 
With the consolidation of PMFTC, FTC’s share of PMFTC’s comprehensive income or loss is attributable to the redeemable noncontrolling interest, impacting the carrying value. To the extent that the attribution of these amounts would cause the carrying value to fall below the redemption amount of $1.17 billion, the carrying amount would be adjusted back up to the redemption value through stockholders’ (deficit) equity. The movement in redeemable noncontrolling interest for the three months ended March 31, 2013 was as follows:
(in millions)
  
Redeemable noncontrolling interest at December 31, 2012
$
1,301

Share of net earnings
44

Dividend payments
(24
)
Currency translation
2

Redeemable noncontrolling interest at March 31, 2013
$
1,323

The redeemable noncontrolling interest balance at March 31, 2012 was $1,237 million. The increase in redeemable noncontrolling interest from December 31, 2011 through March 31, 2012 of $25 million was due to $42 million of net earnings and currency translation gains of $7 million, partially offset by dividend payments of $24 million.
In future periods, if the fair value of 50% of PMFTC were to drop below the redemption value of $1.17 billion, the difference would be treated as a special dividend to FTC and would reduce PMI’s earnings per share. Reductions in earnings per share may be partially or fully reversed in subsequent periods if the fair value of the redeemable noncontrolling interest increases relative to the redemption value. Such increases in earnings per share would be limited to cumulative prior reductions. At March 31, 2013, PMI determined that 50% of the fair value of PMFTC exceeded the redemption value of $1.17 billion.


Note 8. Earnings Per Share:
Basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) were calculated using the following:
(in millions)
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
Net earnings attributable to PMI
 
 
$
2,125

 
$
2,161

Less distributed and undistributed earnings attributable to share-based payment awards
 
 
11

 
12

Net earnings for basic and diluted EPS
 
 
$
2,114

 
$
2,149

Weighted-average shares for basic and diluted EPS
 
 
1,646

 
1,719

Unvested share-based payment awards that contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends or dividend equivalents are participating securities and therefore are included in PMI’s earnings per share calculation pursuant to the two-class method.
For the 2013 and 2012 computations, there were no antidilutive stock options.


- 18-

Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

Note 9. Segment Reporting:
PMI’s subsidiaries and affiliates are engaged in the manufacture and sale of cigarettes and other tobacco products in markets outside of the United States of America. Reportable segments for PMI are organized and managed by geographic region. PMI’s reportable segments are European Union; Eastern Europe, Middle East & Africa; Asia; and Latin America & Canada.
PMI’s management evaluates segment performance and allocates resources based on operating companies income, which PMI defines as operating income before general corporate expenses and amortization of intangibles. Interest expense, net, and provision for income taxes are centrally managed and, accordingly, such items are not presented by segment since they are excluded from the measure of segment profitability reviewed by management.
 
Segment data were as follows:
(in millions)
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
Net revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
European Union
 
 
$
6,523

 
$
6,470

Eastern Europe, Middle East & Africa
 
 
4,423

 
4,069

Asia
 
 
5,251

 
5,177

Latin America & Canada
 
 
2,330

 
2,306

Net revenues
 
 
$
18,527

 
$
18,022

Earnings before income taxes:
 
 
 
 
 
Operating companies income:
 
 
 
 
 
European Union
 
 
$
938

 
$
1,030

Eastern Europe, Middle East & Africa
 
 
935

 
810

Asia
 
 
1,342

 
1,407

Latin America & Canada
 
 
254

 
237

Amortization of intangibles
 
 
(24
)
 
(24
)
General corporate expenses
 
 
(58
)
 
(57
)
Operating income
 
 
3,387

 
3,403

Interest expense, net
 
 
(236
)
 
(213
)
Earnings before income taxes
 
 
$
3,151

 
$
3,190

Items affecting the comparability of results from operations are asset impairment and exit costs. See Note 2. Asset Impairment and Exit Costs for a breakdown of these costs by segment.

Note 10. Contingencies:
Tobacco-Related Litigation
Legal proceedings covering a wide range of matters are pending or threatened against us, and/or our subsidiaries, and/or our indemnitees in various jurisdictions. Our indemnitees include distributors, licensees, and others that have been named as parties in certain cases and that we have agreed to defend, as well as to pay costs and some or all of judgments, if any, that may be entered against them. Pursuant to the terms of the Distribution Agreement between Altria Group, Inc. ("Altria") and PMI, PMI will indemnify Altria and PM USA for tobacco product claims based in substantial part on products manufactured by PMI or contract manufactured for PMI by PM USA, and PM USA will indemnify PMI for tobacco product claims based in substantial part on products manufactured by PM USA, excluding tobacco products contract manufactured for PMI.
It is possible that there could be adverse developments in pending cases against us and our subsidiaries. An unfavorable outcome or settlement of pending tobacco-related litigation could encourage the commencement of additional litigation.

- 19-

Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

Damages claimed in some of the tobacco-related litigation are significant and, in certain cases in Brazil, Canada, Israel and Nigeria, range into the billions of U.S. dollars. The variability in pleadings in multiple jurisdictions, together with the actual experience of management in litigating claims, demonstrate that the monetary relief that may be specified in a lawsuit bears little relevance to the ultimate outcome. Much of the tobacco-related litigation is in its early stages and litigation is subject to uncertainty. However, as discussed below, we have to date been largely successful in defending tobacco-related litigation.
We and our subsidiaries record provisions in the consolidated financial statements for pending litigation when we determine that an unfavorable outcome is probable and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. At the present time, while it is reasonably possible that an unfavorable outcome in a case may occur, after assessing the information available to it (i) management has not concluded that it is probable that a loss has been incurred in any of the pending tobacco-related cases; (ii) management is unable to estimate the possible loss or range of loss for any of the pending tobacco-related cases; and (iii) accordingly, no estimated loss has been accrued in the consolidated financial statements for unfavorable outcomes in these cases, if any. Legal defense costs are expensed as incurred.
It is possible that our consolidated results of operations, cash flows or financial position could be materially affected in a particular fiscal quarter or fiscal year by an unfavorable outcome or settlement of certain pending litigation. Nevertheless, although litigation is subject to uncertainty, we and each of our subsidiaries named as a defendant believe, and each has been so advised by counsel handling the respective cases, that we have valid defenses to the litigation pending against us, as well as valid bases for appeal of adverse verdicts, if any. All such cases are, and will continue to be, vigorously defended. However, we and our subsidiaries may enter into settlement discussions in particular cases if we believe it is in our best interests to do so.
To date, we have paid total judgments, including costs, of approximately €1,400 (approximately $1,830), in tobacco-related cases. These payments were made in order to appeal three Italian small claims cases, all of which were subsequently reversed on appeal. To date, no tobacco-related case has been finally resolved in favor of a plaintiff against us, our subsidiaries or indemnitees.
The table below lists the number of tobacco-related cases pending against us and/or our subsidiaries or indemnitees as of May 1, 2013, 2012 and 2011:
 
Type of Case
 
Number of
Cases Pending as of May 1, 2013
 
Number of
Cases Pending  as of
May 1, 2012
 
Number of
Cases Pending  as of
May 1, 2011
Individual Smoking and Health Cases
 
71
 
76

 
93

Smoking and Health Class Actions
 
11
 
10

 
11

Health Care Cost Recovery Actions
 
15
 
10

 
11

Lights Class Actions
 
2
 
2

 
2

Individual Lights Cases (small claims court)
 
1
 
9

 
10

Public Civil Actions
 
4
 
3

 
5

Since 1995, when the first tobacco-related litigation was filed against a PMI entity, 401 Smoking and Health, Lights, Health Care Cost Recovery, and Public Civil Actions in which we and/or one of our subsidiaries and/or indemnitees were a defendant have been terminated in our favor. Ten cases have had decisions in favor of plaintiffs. Eight of these cases have subsequently reached final resolution in our favor and two remain on appeal.
 

- 20-

Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

The table below lists the verdicts and post-trial developments in the following cases where verdicts were returned in favor of plaintiffs:
 
Date
  
Location of
Court/Name of Plaintiff
  
Type of
Case
  
Verdict
  
Post-Trial
Developments
May 2011
  
Brazil/Laszlo
  
Individual Smoking and Health
  
The Civil Court of São Vicente found for plaintiff and ordered Philip Morris Brasil to pay damages of R$31,333 (approximately $15,750), plus future costs for cessation and medical treatment of smoking-related diseases.
  
In June 2011, Philip Morris Brasil filed an appeal. In December 2011, the Appellate Court reversed the trial court decision. In February 2012, plaintiff appealed the decision. The court rejected the appeal in November 2012, and the case was terminated in March 2013 when plaintiff failed to appeal further. We will no longer report on this case.

Date
  
Location of
Court/Name of
Plaintiff
  
Type of
Case
  
Verdict
  
Post-Trial
Developments
September 2009
  
Brazil/Bernhardt
  
Individual Smoking and Health
  
The Civil Court of Rio de Janeiro found for plaintiff and ordered Philip Morris Brasil to pay R$13,000 (approximately $6,530) in “moral damages.”
  
Philip Morris Brasil filed its appeal against the decision on the merits with the Court of Appeals in November 2009. In February 2010, without addressing the merits, the Court of Appeals annulled the trial court's decision and remanded the case to the trial court to issue a new ruling, which was required to address certain compensatory damage claims made by the plaintiff that the trial court did not address in its original ruling. In July 2010, the trial court reinstated its original decision, while specifically rejecting the compensatory damages claim. Philip Morris Brasil appealed this decision.
In March 2011, the Court of Appeals affirmed the trial court's decision and denied Philip Morris Brasil's appeal. The Court of Appeals increased the amount of damages awarded to the plaintiff to R$100,000 (approximately $50,250). Philip Morris Brasil filed an appeal in June 2011. This appeal is still pending.


- 21-

Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

Date
  
Location of
Court/Name of
Plaintiff
  
Type of
Case
  
Verdict
  
Post-Trial
Developments
February 2004
  
Brazil/The Smoker Health Defense Association
  
Class Action
  
The Civil Court of São Paulo found defendants liable without hearing evidence. The court did not assess moral or actual damages, which were to be assessed in a second phase of the case. The size of the class was not defined in the ruling.
  
In April 2004, the court clarified its ruling, awarding “moral damages” of R$1,000 (approximately $500) per smoker per full year of smoking plus interest at the rate of 1% per month, as of the date of the ruling. The court did not award actual damages, which were to be assessed in the second phase of the case. The size of the class was not estimated. Defendants appealed to the São Paulo Court of Appeals, which annulled the ruling in November 2008, finding that the trial court had inappropriately ruled without hearing evidence and returned the case to the trial court for further proceedings. In May 2011, the trial court dismissed the claim. Plaintiff has appealed. In addition, the defendants filed a constitutional appeal to the Federal Supreme Tribunal on the basis that the plaintiff did not have standing to bring the lawsuit. This appeal is still pending.
 
Pending claims related to tobacco products generally fall within the following categories:
Smoking and Health Litigation: These cases primarily allege personal injury and are brought by individual plaintiffs or on behalf of a class or purported class of individual plaintiffs. Plaintiffs' allegations of liability in these cases are based on various theories of recovery, including negligence, gross negligence, strict liability, fraud, misrepresentation, design defect, failure to warn, breach of express and implied warranties, violations of deceptive trade practice laws and consumer protection statutes. Plaintiffs in these cases seek various forms of relief, including compensatory and other damages, and injunctive and equitable relief. Defenses raised in these cases include licit activity, failure to state a claim, lack of defect, lack of proximate cause, assumption of the risk, contributory negligence, and statute of limitations.
As of May 1, 2013, there were a number of smoking and health cases pending against us, our subsidiaries or indemnitees, as follows:
 
71 cases brought by individual plaintiffs in Argentina (28), Brazil (28), Canada (2), Chile (4), Costa Rica (2), Greece (1), Italy (4), the Philippines (1) and Scotland (1), compared with 76 such cases on May 1, 2012, and 93 cases on May 1, 2011; and
11 cases brought on behalf of classes of individual plaintiffs in Brazil (2) and Canada (9), compared with 10 such cases on May 1, 2012, and 11 such cases on May 1, 2011.

In the first class action pending in Brazil, The Smoker Health Defense Association (ADESF) v. Souza Cruz, S.A. and Philip Morris Marketing, S.A., Nineteenth Lower Civil Court of the Central Courts of the Judiciary District of São Paulo, Brazil, filed July 25, 1995, our subsidiary and another member of the industry are defendants. The plaintiff, a consumer organization, is seeking damages for smokers and former smokers and injunctive relief. The verdict and post-trial developments in this case are described in the above table.
In the second class action pending in Brazil, Public Prosecutor of São Paulo v. Philip Morris Brasil Industria e Comercio Ltda., Civil Court of the City of São Paulo, Brazil, filed August 6, 2007, our subsidiary is a defendant. The plaintiff, the Public Prosecutor

- 22-

Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

of the State of São Paulo, is seeking (i) unspecified damages on behalf of all smokers nationwide, former smokers, and their relatives; (ii) unspecified damages on behalf of people exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (“ETS”) nationwide, and their relatives; and (iii) reimbursement of the health care costs allegedly incurred for the treatment of tobacco-related diseases by all Brazilian States and Municipalities, and the Federal District. In an interim ruling issued in December 2007, the trial court limited the scope of this claim to the State of São Paulo only. In December 2008, the Seventh Civil Court of São Paulo issued a decision declaring that it lacked jurisdiction because the case involved issues similar to the ADESF case discussed above and should be transferred to the Nineteenth Lower Civil Court in São Paulo where the ADESF case is pending. The court further stated that these cases should be consolidated for the purposes of judgment. In April 2010, the São Paulo Court of Appeals reversed the Seventh Civil Court's decision that consolidated the cases, finding that they are based on different legal claims and are progressing at different stages of proceedings. This case was returned to the Seventh Civil Court of São Paulo, and our subsidiary filed its closing arguments in December 2010. In March 2012, the trial court dismissed the case on the merits. This decision has been appealed.
In the first class action pending in Canada, Cecilia Letourneau v. Imperial Tobacco Ltd., Rothmans, Benson & Hedges Inc. and JTI Macdonald Corp., Quebec Superior Court, Canada, filed in September 1998, our subsidiary and other Canadian manufacturers are defendants. The plaintiff, an individual smoker, is seeking compensatory and unspecified punitive damages for each member of the class who is deemed addicted to smoking. The class was certified in 2005. In February 2011, the trial court ruled that the federal government would remain as a third party in the case. In November 2012, the Court of Appeals dismissed defendants' third-party claims against the federal government. Trial began on March 12, 2012. At the present pace, trial is expected to last well into 2013 and possibly 2014, with a judgment to follow at an indeterminate point after the conclusion of the trial proceedings.
In the second class action pending in Canada, Conseil Québécois Sur Le Tabac Et La Santé and Jean-Yves Blais v. Imperial Tobacco Ltd., Rothmans, Benson & Hedges Inc. and JTI Macdonald Corp., Quebec Superior Court, Canada, filed in November 1998, our subsidiary and other Canadian manufacturers are defendants. The plaintiffs, an anti-smoking organization and an individual smoker, are seeking compensatory and unspecified punitive damages for each member of the class who allegedly suffers from certain smoking-related diseases. The class was certified in 2005. In February 2011, the trial court ruled that the federal government would remain as a third party in the case. In November 2012, the Court of Appeals dismissed defendants' third-party claims against the federal government. Trial began on March 12, 2012. At the present pace, trial is expected to last well into 2013 and possibly 2014, with a judgment to follow at an indeterminate point after the conclusion of the trial proceedings.
In the third class action pending in Canada, Kunta v. Canadian Tobacco Manufacturers' Council, et al., The Queen's Bench, Winnipeg, Canada, filed June 12, 2009, we, our subsidiaries, and our indemnitees (PM USA and Altria Group, Inc.), and other members of the industry are defendants. The plaintiff, an individual smoker, alleges her own addiction to tobacco products and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (“COPD”), severe asthma, and mild reversible lung disease resulting from the use of tobacco products. She is seeking compensatory and unspecified punitive damages on behalf of a proposed class comprised of all smokers, their estates, dependents and family members, as well as restitution of profits, and reimbursement of government health care costs allegedly caused by tobacco products. In September 2009, plaintiff's counsel informed defendants that he did not anticipate taking any action in this case while he pursues the class action filed in Saskatchewan (see description of Adams, below).
In the fourth class action pending in Canada, Adams v. Canadian Tobacco Manufacturers' Council, et al., The Queen's Bench, Saskatchewan, Canada, filed July 10, 2009, we, our subsidiaries, and our indemnitees (PM USA and Altria Group, Inc.), and other members of the industry are defendants. The plaintiff, an individual smoker, alleges her own addiction to tobacco products and COPD resulting from the use of tobacco products. She is seeking compensatory and unspecified punitive damages on behalf of a proposed class comprised of all smokers who have smoked a minimum of 25,000 cigarettes and have allegedly suffered, or suffer, from COPD, emphysema, heart disease, or cancer, as well as restitution of profits. Preliminary motions are pending.
In the fifth class action pending in Canada, Semple v. Canadian Tobacco Manufacturers' Council, et al., The Supreme Court (trial court), Nova Scotia, Canada, filed June 18, 2009, we, our subsidiaries, and our indemnitees (PM USA and Altria Group, Inc.), and other members of the industry are defendants. The plaintiff, an individual smoker, alleges his own addiction to tobacco products and COPD resulting from the use of tobacco products. He is seeking compensatory and unspecified punitive damages on behalf of a proposed class comprised of all smokers, their estates, dependents and family members, as well as restitution of profits, and reimbursement of government health care costs allegedly caused by tobacco products. No activity in this case is anticipated while plaintiff's counsel pursues the class action filed in Saskatchewan (see description of Adams, above).
In the sixth class action pending in Canada, Dorion v. Canadian Tobacco Manufacturers' Council, et al., The Queen's Bench, Alberta, Canada, filed June 15, 2009, we, our subsidiaries, and our indemnitees (PM USA and Altria Group, Inc.), and other members of the industry are defendants. The plaintiff, an individual smoker, alleges her own addiction to tobacco products and chronic bronchitis and severe sinus infections resulting from the use of tobacco products. She is seeking compensatory and unspecified punitive damages on behalf of a proposed class comprised of all smokers, their estates, dependents and family members,

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Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

restitution of profits, and reimbursement of government health care costs allegedly caused by tobacco products. To date, we, our subsidiaries, and our indemnitees have not been properly served with the complaint. No activity in this case is anticipated while plaintiff's counsel pursues the class action filed in Saskatchewan (see description of Adams, above).
In the seventh class action pending in Canada, McDermid v. Imperial Tobacco Canada Limited, et al., Supreme Court, British Columbia, Canada, filed June 25, 2010, we, our subsidiaries, and our indemnitees (PM USA and Altria Group, Inc.), and other members of the industry are defendants. The plaintiff, an individual smoker, alleges his own addiction to tobacco products and heart disease resulting from the use of tobacco products. He is seeking compensatory and unspecified punitive damages on behalf of a proposed class comprised of all smokers who were alive on June 12, 2007, and who suffered from heart disease allegedly caused by smoking, their estates, dependents and family members, plus disgorgement of revenues earned by the defendants from January 1, 1954 to the date the claim was filed. Defendants have filed jurisdictional challenges on the grounds that this action should not proceed during the pendency of the Saskatchewan class action (see description of Adams, above).
 
In the eighth class action pending in Canada, Bourassa v. Imperial Tobacco Canada Limited, et al., Supreme Court, British Columbia, Canada, filed June 25, 2010, we, our subsidiaries, and our indemnitees (PM USA and Altria Group, Inc.), and other members of the industry are defendants. The plaintiff, the heir to a deceased smoker, alleges that the decedent was addicted to tobacco products and suffered from emphysema resulting from the use of tobacco products. She is seeking compensatory and unspecified punitive damages on behalf of a proposed class comprised of all smokers who were alive on June 12, 2007, and who suffered from chronic respiratory diseases allegedly caused by smoking, their estates, dependents and family members, plus disgorgement of revenues earned by the defendants from January 1, 1954 to the date the claim was filed. Defendants have filed jurisdictional challenges on the grounds that this action should not proceed during the pendency of the Saskatchewan class action (see description of Adams, above).

In the ninth class action pending in Canada, Suzanne Jacklin v. Canadian Tobacco Manufacturers' Council, et al., Ontario Superior Court of Justice, filed June 20, 2012, we, our subsidiaries, and our indemnitees (PM USA and Altria Group, Inc.), and other members of the industry are defendants. The plaintiff, an individual smoker, alleges her own addiction to tobacco products and COPD resulting from the use of tobacco products. She is seeking compensatory and unspecified punitive damages on behalf of a proposed class comprised of all smokers who have smoked a minimum of 25,000 cigarettes and have allegedly suffered, or suffer, from COPD, heart disease, or cancer, as well as restitution of profits. Plaintiff's counsel have indicated that they do not intend to take any action in this case in the near future.

Health Care Cost Recovery Litigation: These cases, brought by governmental and non-governmental plaintiffs, seek reimbursement of health care cost expenditures allegedly caused by tobacco products. Plaintiffs' allegations of liability in these cases are based on various theories of recovery including unjust enrichment, negligence, negligent design, strict liability, breach of express and implied warranties, violation of a voluntary undertaking or special duty, fraud, negligent misrepresentation, conspiracy, public nuisance, defective product, failure to warn, sale of cigarettes to minors, and claims under statutes governing competition and deceptive trade practices. Plaintiffs in these cases seek various forms of relief including compensatory and other damages, and injunctive and equitable relief. Defenses raised in these cases include lack of proximate cause, remoteness of injury, failure to state a claim, adequate remedy at law, “unclean hands” (namely, that plaintiffs cannot obtain equitable relief because they participated in, and benefited from, the sale of cigarettes), and statute of limitations.
As of May 1, 2013, there were 15 health care cost recovery cases pending against us, our subsidiaries or indemnitees in Canada (9), Nigeria (5) and Spain (1), compared with 10 such cases on May 1, 2012 and 11 such cases on May 1, 2011.
In the first health care cost recovery case pending in Canada, Her Majesty the Queen in Right of British Columbia v. Imperial Tobacco Limited, et al., Supreme Court, British Columbia, Vancouver Registry, Canada, filed January 24, 2001, we, our subsidiaries, our indemnitee (PM USA), and other members of the industry are defendants. The plaintiff, the government of the province of British Columbia, brought a claim based upon legislation enacted by the province authorizing the government to file a direct action against cigarette manufacturers to recover the health care costs it has incurred, and will incur, resulting from a “tobacco related wrong.” The Supreme Court of Canada has held that the statute is constitutional. We and certain other non-Canadian defendants challenged the jurisdiction of the court. The court rejected the jurisdictional challenge. Pre-trial discovery is ongoing.
In the second health care cost recovery case filed in Canada, Her Majesty the Queen in Right of New Brunswick v. Rothmans Inc., et al., Court of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick, Trial Court, New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada, filed March 13, 2008, we, our subsidiaries, our indemnitees (PM USA and Altria Group, Inc.), and other members of the industry are defendants. The claim was filed by the government of the province of New Brunswick based on legislation enacted in the province. This legislation is similar to the law introduced in British Columbia that authorizes the government to file a direct action against cigarette manufacturers

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Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

to recover the health care costs it has incurred, and will incur, as a result of a “tobacco related wrong.” Pre-trial discovery is ongoing.
In the third health care cost recovery case filed in Canada, Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Ontario v. Rothmans Inc., et al., Ontario Superior Court of Justice, Toronto, Canada, filed September 29, 2009, we, our subsidiaries, our indemnitees (PM USA and Altria Group, Inc.), and other members of the industry are defendants. The claim was filed by the government of the province of Ontario based on legislation enacted in the province. This legislation is similar to the laws introduced in British Columbia and New Brunswick that authorize the government to file a direct action against cigarette manufacturers to recover the health care costs it has incurred, and will incur, as a result of a “tobacco related wrong.” Preliminary motions are pending.
In the fourth health care cost recovery case filed in Canada, Attorney General of Newfoundland and Labrador v. Rothmans Inc., et al., Supreme Court of Newfoundland and Labrador, St. Johns, Canada, filed February 8, 2011, we, our subsidiaries, our indemnitees (PM USA and Altria Group, Inc.), and other members of the industry are defendants. The claim was filed by the government of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador based on legislation enacted in the province that is similar to the laws introduced in British Columbia, New Brunswick and Ontario. The legislation authorizes the government to file a direct action against cigarette manufacturers to recover the health care costs it has incurred, and will incur, as a result of a “tobacco related wrong.” Preliminary motions are pending.
In the fifth health care cost recovery case filed in Canada, Attorney General of Quebec v. Imperial Tobacco Limited, et al., Superior Court of Quebec, Canada, filed June 8, 2012, we, our subsidiary, our indemnitee (PM USA), and other members of the industry are defendants. The claim was filed by the government of the province of Quebec based on legislation enacted in the province that is similar to the laws enacted in several other Canadian provinces. The legislation authorizes the government to file a direct action against cigarette manufacturers to recover the health care costs it has incurred, and will incur, as a result of a “tobacco related wrong.” Preliminary motions are pending.
In the sixth health care cost recovery case filed in Canada, Her Majesty in Right of Alberta v. Altria Group, Inc., et al., Supreme Court of Queen's Bench Alberta, Canada, filed June 8, 2012, we, our subsidiaries, our indemnitees (PM USA and Altria Group, Inc.), and other members of the industry are defendants. The claim was filed by the government of the province of Alberta based on legislation enacted in the province that is similar to the laws enacted in several other Canadian provinces. The legislation authorizes the government to file a direct action against cigarette manufacturers to recover the health care costs it has incurred, and will incur, as a result of a “tobacco related wrong.” We, our subsidiaries and our indemnitees have all been served with the statement of claim.
In the seventh health care cost recovery case filed in Canada, Her Majesty the Queen in Right of the Province of Manitoba v. Rothmans, Benson & Hedges, Inc., et al., The Queen's Bench, Winnipeg Judicial Centre, Canada, filed May 31, 2012, we, our subsidiaries, our indemnitees (PM USA and Altria Group, Inc.), and other members of the industry are defendants. The claim was filed by the government of the province of Manitoba based on legislation enacted in the province that is similar to the laws enacted in several other Canadian provinces. The legislation authorizes the government to file a direct action against cigarette manufacturers to recover the health care costs it has incurred, and will incur, as a result of a “tobacco related wrong.” Preliminary motions are pending.
In the eighth health care cost recovery case filed in Canada, The Government of Saskatchewan v. Rothmans, Benson & Hedges Inc., et al., Queen's Bench, Judicial Centre of Saskatchewan, Canada, filed June 8, 2012, we, our subsidiaries, our indemnitees (PM USA and Altria Group, Inc.), and other members of the industry are defendants. The claim was filed by the government of the province of Saskatchewan based on legislation enacted in the province that is similar to the laws enacted in several other Canadian provinces. The legislation authorizes the government to file a direct action against cigarette manufacturers to recover the health care costs it has incurred, and will incur, as a result of a “tobacco related wrong.” Preliminary motions are pending.
In the ninth health care cost recovery case filed in Canada, Her Majesty the Queen in Right of the Province of Prince Edward Island v. Rothmans, Benson & Hedges Inc., et al., Supreme Court of Prince Edward Island (General Section), Canada, filed September 10, 2012, we, our subsidiaries, our indemnitees (PM USA and Altria Group, Inc.), and other members of the industry are defendants. The claim was filed by the government of the province of Prince Edward Island based on legislation enacted in the province that is similar to the laws enacted in several other Canadian provinces. The legislation authorizes the government to file a direct action against cigarette manufacturers to recover the health care costs it has incurred, and will incur, as a result of a “tobacco related wrong.” Preliminary motions are pending.
In the first health care cost recovery case in Nigeria, The Attorney General of Lagos State v. British American Tobacco (Nigeria) Limited, et al., High Court of Lagos State, Lagos, Nigeria, filed March 13, 2008, we and other members of the industry are

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Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

defendants. Plaintiff seeks reimbursement for the cost of treating alleged smoking-related diseases for the past 20 years, payment of anticipated costs of treating alleged smoking-related diseases for the next 20 years, various forms of injunctive relief, plus punitive damages. We are in the process of making challenges to service and the court's jurisdiction. Currently, the case is stayed in the trial court pending the appeals of certain co-defendants relating to service objections. We currently have no employees, operations or assets in Nigeria.
In the second health care cost recovery case in Nigeria, The Attorney General of Kano State v. British American Tobacco (Nigeria) Limited, et al., High Court of Kano State, Kano, Nigeria, filed May 9, 2007, we and other members of the industry are defendants. Plaintiff seeks reimbursement for the cost of treating alleged smoking-related diseases for the past 20 years, payment of anticipated costs of treating alleged smoking-related diseases for the next 20 years, various forms of injunctive relief, plus punitive damages. We are in the process of making challenges to service and the court's jurisdiction. Currently, the case is stayed in the trial court pending the appeals of certain co-defendants relating to service objections.
In the third health care cost recovery case in Nigeria, The Attorney General of Gombe State v. British American Tobacco (Nigeria) Limited, et al., High Court of Gombe State, Gombe, Nigeria, filed October 17, 2008, we and other members of the industry are defendants. Plaintiff seeks reimbursement for the cost of treating alleged smoking-related diseases for the past 20 years, payment of anticipated costs of treating alleged smoking-related diseases for the next 20 years, various forms of injunctive relief, plus punitive damages. In February 2011, the court ruled that the plaintiff had not complied with the procedural steps necessary to serve us. As a result of this ruling, Philip Morris International Inc. is not currently a defendant in the case. Plaintiff may appeal the ruling or follow the procedural steps required to serve Philip Morris International Inc.
In the fourth health care cost recovery case in Nigeria, The Attorney General of Oyo State, et al., v. British American Tobacco (Nigeria) Limited, et al., High Court of Oyo State, Ibadan, Nigeria, filed May 25, 2007, we and other members of the industry are defendants. Plaintiffs seek reimbursement for the cost of treating alleged smoking-related diseases for the past 20 years, payment of anticipated costs of treating alleged smoking-related diseases for the next 20 years, various forms of injunctive relief, plus punitive damages. We challenged service as improper. In June 2010, the court ruled that plaintiffs did not have leave to serve the writ of summons on the defendants and that they must re-serve the writ. We have not yet been re-served.
In the fifth health care cost recovery case in Nigeria, The Attorney General of Ogun State v. British American Tobacco (Nigeria) Limited, et al., High Court of Ogun State, Abeokuta, Nigeria, filed February 26, 2008, we and other members of the industry are defendants. Plaintiff seeks reimbursement for the cost of treating alleged smoking-related diseases for the past 20 years, payment of anticipated costs of treating alleged smoking-related diseases for the next 20 years, various forms of injunctive relief, plus punitive damages. In May 2010, the trial court rejected our service objections. We have appealed.

In a series of proceedings in Spain, Junta de Andalucia, et al. v. Philip Morris Spain, et al., Court of First Instance, Madrid, Spain, the first of which was filed February 21, 2002, our subsidiary and other members of the industry were defendants. The plaintiffs sought reimbursement for the cost of treating certain of their citizens for various alleged smoking-related illnesses. In May 2004, the first instance court dismissed the initial case, finding that the State was a necessary party to the claim, and thus, the claim must be filed in the Administrative Court. In September 2007, the plaintiffs filed their complaint in the Administrative Court, which dismissed the claim based on a procedural issue in November 2007. In November 2009, the Supreme Court rejected plaintiffs' appeal, resulting in the final dismissal of the claim. However, plaintiffs have filed a second claim in the Administrative Court against the Ministry of Economy. This second claim seeks the same relief as the original claim, but relies on a different procedural posture. The Administrative Court has recognized our subsidiary as a party in this proceeding. Our subsidiary and other defendants filed preliminary objections that resulted in a stay of the term to file the answer. In May 2011, the court rejected the defendants' preliminary objections, but it has not yet set a deadline for defendants to file their answers.

Lights Cases: These cases, brought by individual plaintiffs, or on behalf of a class of individual plaintiffs, allege that the use of the term “lights” constitutes fraudulent and misleading conduct. Plaintiffs' allegations of liability in these cases are based on various theories of recovery including misrepresentation, deception, and breach of consumer protection laws. Plaintiffs seek various forms of relief including restitution, injunctive relief, and compensatory and other damages. Defenses raised include lack of causation, lack of reliance, assumption of the risk, and statute of limitations.

As of May 1, 2013, there were three lights cases pending against our subsidiaries or indemnitees, as follows:

 2 cases brought on behalf of individual plaintiffs in Israel, compared with 2 such cases on May 1, 2012 and May 1, 2011; and

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Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

1 case brought by an individual in the equivalent of small claims courts in Italy, where the maximum damages are approximately one thousand Euros per case, compared with 9 such cases on May 1, 2012, and 10 such cases on May 1, 2011.
In the first class action pending in Israel, El-Roy, et al. v. Philip Morris Incorporated, et al., District Court of Tel-Aviv/Jaffa, Israel, filed January 18, 2004, our subsidiary and our indemnitees (PM USA and our former importer) are defendants. The plaintiffs filed a purported class action claiming that the class members were misled by the descriptor “lights” into believing that lights cigarettes are safer than full flavor cigarettes. The claim seeks recovery of the purchase price of lights cigarettes and compensation for distress for each class member. Hearings took place in November and December 2008 regarding whether the case meets the legal requirements necessary to allow it to proceed as a class action. The parties' briefing on class certification was completed in March 2011. In November 2012, the court denied class certification and dismissed the individual claims. Plaintiffs have appealed, and an oral hearing has been scheduled for March 2014.
The claims in the second class action pending in Israel, Navon, et al. v. Philip Morris Products USA, et al., District Court of Tel-Aviv/Jaffa, Israel, filed December 5, 2004, against our indemnitee (our distributor) and other members of the industry are similar to those in El-Roy, and the case was stayed pending a ruling on class certification in El-Roy. In March 2013, the district court dismissed the case because plaintiffs failed to demonstrate their intent to continue pursuing the case. Plaintiffs may appeal.

Public Civil Actions: Claims have been filed either by an individual, or a public or private entity, seeking to protect collective or individual rights, such as the right to health, the right to information or the right to safety. Plaintiffs' allegations of liability in these cases are based on various theories of recovery including product defect, concealment, and misrepresentation. Plaintiffs in these cases seek various forms of relief including injunctive relief such as banning cigarettes, descriptors, smoking in certain places and advertising, as well as implementing communication campaigns and reimbursement of medical expenses incurred by public or private institutions.
As of May 1, 2013, there were 4 public civil actions pending against our subsidiaries in Argentina (2), Brazil (1), and Venezuela (1), compared with 3 such cases on May 1, 2012, and 5 such cases on May 1, 2011.
In the first public civil action in Argentina, Asociación Argentina de Derecho de Danos v. Massalin Particulares S.A., et al., Civil Court of Buenos Aires, Argentina, filed February 26, 2007, our subsidiary and another member of the industry are defendants. The plaintiff, a consumer association, seeks the establishment of a relief fund for reimbursement of medical costs associated with diseases allegedly caused by smoking. Our subsidiary filed its answer in September 2007. In March 2010, the case file was transferred to the Federal Court on Administrative Matters after the Civil Court granted the plaintiff's request to add the national government as a co-plaintiff in the case.
In the second public civil action in Argentina, Conciencia Ciudadana Mejorar Asociación Civil, et al.v. Massalin Particulares S.A., 4th Civil & Commercial Court of Zarate, Argentina, filed September 20, 2012, our subsidiary is a defendant. Plaintiffs, a civil association and an individual, seek an order requiring our subsidiary to place information regarding tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide yields on the packages of cigarettes in the Marlboro brand family. Plaintiffs also seek moral and punitive damages. Our subsidiary has been served with the complaint.
In the public civil action in Brazil, The Brazilian Association for the Defense of Consumer Health (“SAUDECON”) v. Philip Morris Brasil Industria e Comercio Ltda. and Souza Cruz S.A., Civil Court of City of Porto Alegre, Brazil, filed November 3, 2008, our subsidiary is a defendant. The plaintiff, a consumer organization, is asking the court to establish a fund that will be used to provide treatment to smokers who claim to be addicted and who do not otherwise have access to smoking cessation treatment. Plaintiff requests that each defendant's liability be determined according to its market share. In May 2009, the trial court dismissed the case on the merits. Plaintiff has appealed.

In the public civil action in Venezuela, Federation of Consumers and Users Associations (“FEVACU”), et al. v. National Assembly of Venezuela and the Venezuelan Ministry of Health, Constitutional Chamber of the Venezuelan Supreme Court, filed April 29, 2008, we were not named as a defendant, but the plaintiffs published a notice pursuant to court order, notifying all interested parties to appear in the case. In January 2009, our subsidiary appeared in the case in response to this notice. The plaintiffs purport to represent the right to health of the citizens of Venezuela and claim that the government failed to protect adequately its citizens' right to health. The claim asks the court to order the government to enact stricter regulations on the manufacture and sale of tobacco products. In addition, the plaintiffs ask the court to order companies involved in the tobacco industry to allocate a percentage of their “sales or benefits” to establish a fund to pay for the health care costs of treating smoking-related diseases. In October 2008, the court ruled that plaintiffs have standing to file the claim and that the claim meets the threshold admissibility requirements. In

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Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

December 2012, the court admitted our subsidiary and BAT's subsidiary as interested third parties. In February 2013, our subsidiary answered the complaint.

Other Litigation

We are also involved in other litigation arising in the ordinary course of our business. While the outcomes of these proceedings are uncertain, management does not expect that the ultimate outcomes of other litigation, including any reasonably possible losses in excess of current accruals, will have a material adverse effect on our consolidated results of operations, cash flows or financial position.


Note 11. Income Taxes:
Income tax provisions for jurisdictions outside the United States, as well as state and local income tax provisions, were determined on a separate company basis and the related assets and liabilities were recorded in PMI’s condensed consolidated balance sheets.
The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 (the “Act”) was enacted on January 2, 2013. Included in the Act were extensions through 2013 of several expired or expiring temporary business tax provisions, commonly referred to as “extenders.” The tax impact of new legislation is recognized in the reporting period in which it is enacted. Therefore, PMI recognized the impact of the Act, which was $17 million of expense, in the condensed consolidated financial statements in the first quarter of 2013.
PMI’s effective tax rates for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012 were 29.6% and 30.0%, respectively. The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2013, was unfavorably impacted by the additional expense associated with the Act ($17 million).
The effective tax rates are based on PMI’s full-year geographic earnings mix projections and cash repatriation plans. Changes in earnings mix or in cash repatriation plans could have an impact on the effective tax rates, which PMI monitors each quarter. Significant judgment is required in determining income tax provisions and in evaluating tax positions.
PMI is regularly examined by tax authorities around the world and is currently under examination in a number of jurisdictions. The U.S. federal statute of limitations remains open for the years 2007 and onward. Foreign and U.S. state jurisdictions have statutes of limitations generally ranging from three to five years. Years still open to examination by foreign tax authorities in major jurisdictions include Germany (2007 onward), Indonesia (2007 onward), Russia (2010 onward) and Switzerland (2011 onward).
It is reasonably possible that, within the next twelve months, certain tax examinations will close, which could result in a change in unrecognized tax benefits along with related interest and penalties. An estimate of any possible change cannot be made at this time.

Note 12. Indebtedness:
Short-term Borrowings:
At March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, PMI’s short-term borrowings, consisting of commercial paper and bank loans to certain PMI subsidiaries, had a carrying value of $1,539 million and $2,419 million, respectively. The fair value of PMI’s short-term borrowings, based on current market interest rates, approximates carrying value.


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Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

Long-term Debt:
At March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, PMI’s long-term debt consisted of the following:
 
(in millions)
 
March 31, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
U.S. dollar notes, 0.337% to 6.875% (average interest rate 4.280%), due through 2043
 
$
16,513

 
$
14,702

Foreign currency obligations:
 
 
 
 
Euro notes, 1.750% to 5.875% (average interest rate 3.361%), due through 2025
 
6,156

 
3,724

Swiss franc notes, 0.875% to 2.000% (average interest rate 1.239%), due through 2021
 
1,204

 
1,579

Other (average interest rate 3.637%), due through 2024
 
186

 
415

 
 
24,059

 
20,420

Less current portion of long-term debt
 
3,263

 
2,781

 
 
$
20,796

 
$
17,639

Other foreign currency debt above includes mortgage debt in Switzerland at March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, and debt from our business combination in the Philippines at December 31, 2012. Other foreign currency debt also includes capital lease obligations primarily associated with PMI's vending machine distribution network in Japan.
PMI's debt offerings in the first quarter of 2013 were as follows:
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Type
 
Face Value
 
Interest Rate
 
Issuance
 
Maturity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. dollar notes
(a) 
$400
 
Floating
 
March 2013
 
February 2015
U.S. dollar notes
(b) 
$600
 
2.625%
 
March 2013
 
March 2023
U.S. dollar notes
(b) 
$850
 
4.125%
 
March 2013
 
March 2043
EURO notes
(c) 
€1,250 (approximately $1,621)
 
1.750%
 
March 2013
 
March 2020
EURO notes
(c) 
€750 (approximately $972)
 
2.750%
 
March 2013
 
March 2025
Swiss franc notes
(d) 
CHF200 (approximately $217)
 
0.875%
 
March 2013
 
March 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

(a) Interest on these notes is payable quarterly in arrears beginning in May 2013. The notes will bear interest from date of issuance at a rate per annum, reset quarterly, equal to three month LIBOR plus 0.05%.
(b) Interest on these notes is payable semiannually in arrears beginning in September 2013.
(c) Interest on these notes is payable annually in arrears beginning in March 2014.
(d) Interest on these notes is payable annually in arrears beginning in March 2014.
The net proceeds from the sale of the securities listed in the table above were used to meet PMI’s working capital requirements, to repurchase PMI’s common stock, to refinance debt and for general corporate purposes.
Credit Facilities:

On February 12, 2013, PMI entered into a 364-day revolving credit facility in the amount of $2.0 billion.

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Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

At March 31, 2013, PMI's total committed credit facilities were as follows:

(in billions)


Type
 
Committed
Credit
Facilities
364-day revolving credit, expiring February 11, 2014
 
$
2.0

Multi-year revolving credit, expiring March 31, 2015
 
2.5

Multi-year revolving credit, expiring October 25, 2016
 
3.5

Total facilities
 
$
8.0


At March 31, 2013, there were no borrowings under these committed credit facilities.


Note 13. Fair Value Measurements:
The authoritative guidance defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The guidance also establishes a fair value hierarchy, which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The guidance describes three levels of input that may be used to measure fair value, which are as follows:
Level 1 -
Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;
Level 2 -
Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; and
Level 3 -
Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

PMI's policy is to reflect transfers between hierarchy levels at the end of the reporting period.
Derivative Financial Instruments – Foreign Exchange Contracts
PMI assesses the fair value of its derivative financial instruments, which consist of deliverable and non-deliverable foreign exchange forward contracts, foreign currency swaps and foreign currency options, using internally developed models that use, as their basis, readily observable market inputs. The fair value of PMI’s foreign exchange forward contracts is determined by using the prevailing foreign exchange spot rates and interest rate differentials, and the respective maturity dates of the instruments. The fair value of PMI’s currency options is determined by using a Black-Scholes methodology based on foreign exchange spot rates and interest rate differentials, currency volatilities and maturity dates. PMI’s derivative financial instruments have been classified within Level 2 in the table shown below. See Note 6. Financial Instruments for an additional discussion of derivative financial instruments.
Debt
The fair value of PMI’s outstanding debt, which is utilized solely for disclosure purposes, is determined using quotes and market interest rates currently available to PMI for issuances of debt with similar terms and remaining maturities. The aggregate carrying value of PMI’s debt, excluding short-term borrowings and $26 million of capital lease obligations, was $24,033 million at March 31, 2013. The fair value of PMI’s outstanding debt, excluding the aforementioned short-term borrowings and capital lease obligations, has been classified within Level 1 and Level 2 in the table shown below.
 

- 30-

Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

The aggregate fair values of PMI’s derivative financial instruments and debt as of March 31, 2013, were as follows:
 
(in millions)
 
Fair Value
at
March 31,
2013
 
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets/Liabilities
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
 
$
272

 
$

 
$
272

 
$

Total assets
 
$
272

 
$

 
$
272

 
$

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt
 
$
25,949

 
$
25,769

 
$
180

 
$

Foreign exchange contracts
 
53

 

 
53

 

Total liabilities
 
$
26,002

 
$
25,769

 
$
233

 
$



Note 14. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Losses:
PMI’s accumulated other comprehensive losses, net of taxes, consisted of the following:
 
(in millions)
 
At March 31, 2013
 
At December 31, 2012
 
At March 31, 2012
Currency translation adjustments
 
$
(571
)
 
$
(331
)
 
$
129

Pension and other benefits
 
(3,306
)
 
(3,365
)
 
(2,547
)
Derivatives accounted for as hedges
 
157

 
92

 
51

Total accumulated other comprehensive losses
 
$
(3,720
)
 
$
(3,604
)
 
$
(2,367
)

Reclassifications from Other Comprehensive Earnings

The movement in accumulated other comprehensive losses and the related tax impact, for each of the components above, that is due to current period activity and reclassifications to the income statement are shown on the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive earnings for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012. For additional information, see Note 4. Benefit Plans and Note 6. Financial Instruments for disclosures related to PMI's pension and other benefits, and derivative financial instruments.


Note 15. Balance Sheet Offsetting:

Foreign Exchange Contracts

PMI uses deliverable and non-deliverable forward foreign exchange contracts, foreign currency swaps and foreign currency options, collectively referred to as foreign exchange contracts, to mitigate its exposure to changes in exchange and interest rates from third-party and intercompany actual and forecasted transactions. Substantially all of PMI's foreign exchange contracts are subject to master netting arrangements, whereby the right to offset occurs in the event of default by a participating party. While these contracts contain the enforceable right to offset through close-out netting rights, PMI elects to present them on a gross basis in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Collateral associated with these arrangements is in the form of cash and is unrestricted. See Note 6. Financial Instruments for disclosures related to PMI's derivative financial instruments.

- 31-

Philip Morris International Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

The effects of these foreign exchange contract assets and liabilities to PMI's condensed consolidated balance sheet were as follows:
(in millions)
Gross Amounts Recognized
Gross Amount Offset in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet
Net Amounts Presented in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet
Gross Amounts Not Offset in the
Condensed Consolidated
Balance Sheet
 
Financial Instruments
Cash Collateral Received/Pledged
 
Net Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
At March 31, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
$
272

$

$
272

$
(23
)
$
(4
)
$
245

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
$
53

$

$
53

$
(23
)
$

$
30

At December 31, 2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
$
160

$

$
160

$
(24
)
$

$
136

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
$
55

$

$
55

$
(24
)
$