10-K 1 d10k.htm FORM 10-K Form 10-K
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

 

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2010

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from              to             

Commission file number: 001-33091

GateHouse Media, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   36-4197635

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

350 WillowBrook Office Park,

Fairport, New York

  14450
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

Telephone: (585) 598-0030

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None

Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: Common stock, $0.01 par value per share

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ¨    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  ¨    Accelerated filer  ¨    Non-accelerated filer  ¨    Smaller reporting company  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    NO  x

The aggregate market value of the voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant on June 30, 2010, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, was approximately $5.4 million. The market value calculation was determined using a per share price of $0.16, the price at which the registrant’s common stock was last sold on the Over-the-Counter Bulletin Board System on such date. For purposes of this calculation, shares held by non-affiliates excludes only those shares beneficially owned by the registrant’s executive officers, directors, and stockholders owning 10% or more of the registrant’s outstanding common stock (and, in each case, their immediate family members and affiliates).

As of February 25, 2011, 58,077,756 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the registrant’s definitive proxy statement, to be delivered to stockholders in connection with the registrant’s 2011 annual meeting of stockholders, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K to the extent described herein.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

GATEHOUSE MEDIA, INC.

FORM 10-K

FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2010

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

          Page  
   PART I   

Item 1

  

Business

     1   

Item 1A

  

Risk Factors

     35   

Item 1B

  

Unresolved Staff Comments

     43   

Item 2

  

Properties

     43   

Item 3

  

Legal Proceedings

     43   

Item 4

  

(Removed and Reserved)

     43   
   PART II   

Item 5

  

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

     44   

Item 6

  

Selected Financial Data

     45   

Item 7

  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     48   

Item 7A

  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     67   

Item 8

  

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

     69   

Item 9

  

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

     105   

Item 9A

  

Controls and Procedures

     105   

Item 9B

  

Other Information

     106   
   PART III   

Item 10

  

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

     107   

Item 11

  

Executive Compensation

     107   

Item 12

  

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

     107   

Item 13

  

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

     108   

Item 14

  

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

     108   
   PART IV   

Item 15

  

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

     109   

 

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Unless the context otherwise requires, in this report on Form 10-K:

 

   

“2006 Credit Facility” refers to the first and second lien term loan credit facilities that were entered into on June 6, 2006, as amended;

 

   

“2006 First Lien Facility” refers to the first lien term loan facility, comprising part of the 2006 Credit Facility, remaining after the repayment and termination of the second lien term loan credit facility;

 

   

“2007 Credit Facility” refers to the amendment and restatement of the 2006 First Lien Facility that was entered into on February 27, 2007;

 

   

“2007 Financings” refers to the financing transactions contemplated by the 2007 Credit Facility, the First Amendment and the Bridge Facility;

 

   

“2008 Bridge Facility” refers to the Bridge Credit Agreement entered into with Barclays on February 15, 2008;

 

   

“Barclays” refers to Barclays Capital;

 

   

“Bridge Facility” refers to the bridge term loan credit facility that was entered into on April 11, 2007;

 

   

“Copley” refers to The Copley Press, Inc.;

 

   

“Copley Acquisition” refers to the acquisition by us of all the stock of certain wholly-owned subsidiaries of Copley and the acquisition by us of certain assets, and the assumption of certain liabilities, of Copley which, taken together, comprised Copley’s midwest (Ohio and Illinois) operations and business;

 

   

“CP Media” and “CNC” refer to CP Media, Inc. and its predecessor entities;

 

   

“CNC Acquisition” refer to the acquisition by us of substantially all of the assets, and assumption of certain liabilities, of CP Media;

 

   

“Enterprise” refers to Enterprise NewsMedia, LLC and its subsidiaries and predecessor entities;

 

   

“Enterprise Acquisition” refers to the acquisition by us of all of the equity interests of Enterprise;

 

   

“First Amendment” refers to the amendment to the 2007 Credit Facility that was entered into on May 7, 2007;

 

   

“Fortress” refers to Fortress Investment Group LLC and certain of its affiliates, including certain funds managed by it or its affiliates;

 

   

“GAAP” refers to U.S. generally accepted accounting principles;

 

   

“Gannett” refers to Gannett Co., Inc.;

 

   

“Gannett Acquisition” refers to the acquisition by us of substantially all of the assets, and assumption of certain liabilities, of four daily newspapers and related publications and websites owned by Gannett in Rockford, Illinois; Utica, New York; Norwich, Connecticut; and Huntington, West Virginia;

 

   

“GateHouse Media,” “GateHouse,” the “Company,” “we,” “our” and “us” refer to GateHouse Media, Inc. and its subsidiaries and predecessor entities;

 

   

“IPO” refers to our initial public offering of 13,800,000 shares of common stock completed on October 30, 2006 (unless the context otherwise indicates, this does not include the 2,070,000 shares of common stock sold pursuant to the exercise of the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares on November 3, 2006);

 

   

“Massachusetts Acquisitions” refers to the CNC Acquisition and the Enterprise Acquisition;

 

   

“Merger” refers to the June 6, 2005 merger pursuant to which FIF III Liberty Holdings LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Fortress, merged with and into the Company, with the Company surviving the merger and Fortress becoming our principal and controlling stockholder;

 

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“Morris” refers to Morris Publishing Group;

 

   

“Pro forma” refers to GateHouse after giving effect to (i) for the year ended December 31, 2007, the Copley Acquisition, the Gannett Acquisition and the 2007 Financings; (ii) for the year ended December 31, 2006, the Massachusetts Acquisitions, the Copley Acquisition, the Gannett Acquisition and the 2007 Financings;

 

   

“Second Amendment” refers to the amendment to the 2007 Credit Facility that was entered into on February 3, 2009;

 

   

“Second Waiver and Amendment” refers to the waiver of compliance with the leverage ratio covenant and amendment of 2008 Bridge Facility entered into on February 12, 2009;

 

   

“SureWest” refers to SureWest Directories; and

 

   

“SureWest Acquisition” refers to the acquisition by us of all the equity interests of SureWest.

 

   

“Wells Fargo Bank” refers to Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (successor-by-merger to Wachovia Bank, National Association).

Any data set forth anywhere in this report on Form 10-K regarding the number of our products, circulation, facilities, markets or employees is as of December 31, 2010, unless otherwise indicated.

 

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CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD LOOKING INFORMATION

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our historical consolidated financial statements and notes to those statements appearing in this report. The discussion and analysis below includes certain forward-looking statements that are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors described in this report, including under the heading “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of this report, that could cause actual future growth, results of operations, performance and business prospects and opportunities to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, such forward looking information.

Certain statements in this report on Form 10-K may constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that reflect our current views regarding, among other things, our future growth, results of operations, performance and business prospects and opportunities, as well as other statements that are other than historical fact. Words such as “anticipate(s),” “expect(s)”, “intend(s)”, “plan(s)”, “target(s)”, “project(s)”, “believe(s)”, “will”, “aim”, “would”, “seek(s)”, “estimate(s)” and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations and beliefs and are subject to a number of known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that could lead to actual results materially different from those described in the forward-looking statements. We can give no assurance that our expectations will be attained. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations include, but are not limited to the risks identified by us under the heading “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of this report. Such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made. Except to the extent required by law, we expressly disclaim any obligation to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto or change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any statement is based.

 

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PART I

 

Item 1. Business

General Overview

We are one of the largest publishers of locally based print and online media in the United States as measured by number of daily publications. We were incorporated in Delaware in 1997 for purposes of acquiring a portion of the daily and weekly newspapers owned by American Publishing Company. Our business model is to be the preeminent provider of local content and advertising in the small and midsize markets we serve. Our portfolio of products, which includes 442 community publications and more than 466 related websites and mobile sites and six yellow page directories, serves over 298,000 business advertising accounts and reaches approximately 10 million people on a weekly basis. All data contained in this report regarding the number of our products, circulation, facilities or employees is as of December 31, 2010, unless otherwise indicated.

Our core products include:

 

   

86 daily newspapers with total paid circulation of approximately 697,000;

 

   

254 weekly newspapers (published up to three times per week) with total paid circulation of approximately 513,000 and total free circulation of approximately 673,000;

 

   

102 “shoppers” (generally advertising-only publications) with total circulation of approximately 1.5 million;

 

   

over 466 locally focused websites and mobile sites, which extend our franchises onto the internet and mobile devices with approximately 70 million page views per month; and

 

   

six yellow page directories, with a distribution of approximately 490,000, that covers a population of approximately 1.2 million people.

In addition to our core products, we also opportunistically produce niche publications that address specific local market interests such as recreation, sports, healthcare and real estate. During the last twelve months, we created approximately 46 niche publications.

Our print and online products focus on the local community from both a content and advertising standpoint. As a result of our focus on small and midsize markets, we are usually the primary, and sometimes, the sole provider of comprehensive and in-depth local market news and information in the communities we serve. Our content is primarily devoted to topics that we believe are highly relevant and of interest to our audience such as local news and politics, community and regional events, youth sports, opinion and editorial pages, and local schools.

More than 78% of our daily newspapers have been published for more than 100 years and 99% have been published for more than 50 years. We believe that the longevity of our publications demonstrates the value and relevance of the local information that we provide and has created a strong foundation of reader loyalty and a highly recognized media brand name in each community we serve. As a result of these factors, we believe that our publications have high local audience penetration rates in our markets, thereby providing advertisers with strong local market reach.

We have a history of growth through acquisitions and new product launches. Since our inception, we have acquired 420 daily and weekly newspapers, shoppers and directories. We believe we have demonstrated an ability to successfully integrate acquired publications and improve their performance through sound and consistent management practice, including revenue generating and direct cost saving initiatives. We believe that the current economic environment, however, has limited and will continue to limit our ability to grow through acquisition in the near-term. As a result we are more focused on transforming our business to a multi-media

 

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revenue business as well as cost reductions and de-levering opportunities. Longer-term, given our scale, we see significant opportunities to continue our acquisition and integration strategy within the highly fragmented local media industry.

We operate in 340 markets across 21 states. A key element of our business strategy is geographic clustering of publications to realize operating efficiencies and provide consistent management practices. We share best practices across our organization, giving each publication the benefit of proven and executable revenue producing and cost saving initiatives. We regionally cluster functions such as ad composition, accounting and production and give each publication in a cluster access to top quality production equipment, which we believe enables us to cost-efficiently provide superior products and service to our customers. In addition, we believe that our size allows us to achieve economies of scale.

Compared with the industry as a whole, we believe that our advertising revenue tends to be less volatile, especially during economic downturns, such as the one we are currently experiencing. We believe that our lower than industry advertising revenue volatility is a result of our geographic diversity, with our revenues coming from markets across 21 states, the large number of products we publish and our fragmented, diversified local advertising customer base. We also believe that local advertising tends to be less sensitive to economic cycles than national advertising because local businesses generally have fewer advertising channels in which to reach the local audience. We believe we are also less reliant than large metropolitan newspapers upon classified advertising, particularly the recruiting and real estate categories, which are generally more sensitive to economic conditions.

Industry Overview

We operate in what is sometimes referred to as the “hyper-local” or community market within the media industry. Media companies that serve this segment provide highly focused local content and advertising that is generally unique to each market they serve and is not readily obtainable from other sources. Local publications include community newspapers, websites, shoppers, traders, real estate guides, special interest magazines and directories. Due to the unique nature of their content, community publications compete to a limited extent for advertising customers with other forms of media, including: direct mail, directories, radio, television, and outdoor advertising. We believe that local print and online publications are the most effective medium for local retail advertising, which emphasizes the price of goods in an effort to move inventory on a regular basis, in contrast to radio, broadcast and cable, television, and the internet, which are generally used for image or branding advertising. In addition, local print and online publications generally have the highest local audience penetration rates, which allows local advertisers to get their message to a large portion of the local audience.

Locally focused media in small and midsize communities is distinct from national and urban media delivered through outlets such as television, radio, metropolitan and national newspapers and the internet. Larger media outlets tend to offer broad based information to a geographically scattered audience, which tends to be more of a commodity. In contrast, locally focused media delivers a highly focused product that is often the only source of local news and information in the market it serves. Our segment of the media industry is also characterized by high barriers to entry, both economic and social. Small and midsize communities can generally only sustain one newspaper. Moreover, the brand value associated with long-term reader and advertiser loyalty, and the high start-up costs associated with developing and distributing content and selling advertisements, help to limit competition.

Advertising Market

The primary sources of advertising revenue for local publications are small businesses, corporations, government agencies and individuals who reside in the market that a publication serves. By combining paid circulation publications with total market coverage publications such as shoppers and other specialty publications (tailored to the specific attributes of a local community), local publications are able to reach nearly 100% of the

 

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households in a distribution area. As macroeconomic conditions in advertising change due to increasing internet usage and the wide array of available information sources, we have seen advertisers shift their focus to have a digital component to their local advertising strategy. To that end, in addition to printed products, the majority of our local publications have an online presence that further leverages the local brand, ensures higher penetration into the market, and provides a digital alternative distribution for local advertisers.

The Internet

The time spent online and on mobile devices each day by media consumers continues to grow and newspaper web and mobile sites offer a wide variety of content providing comprehensive, in-depth and up to the minute coverage of news and current events. The ability to generate, publish and archive more news and information than most other sources has allowed newspapers to produce some of the most visited sites on the internet. Newspaper websites have shown to be some of the most trafficked websites by online media news consumers.

We believe that our local publications are well positioned to capitalize on their existing market franchise and grow their total audience base by publishing proprietary local content online. Local online media include traditional classifieds, directories of business information, local advertising, databases, audience-contributed content and mobile applications. We believe this additional community-specific content will further extend and expand both the reach and the brand of our publications with readers and advertisers. We believe that building a strong local online business extends the core audience of a local publication.

The opportunity created by the extension of the core audience makes local online advertising an attractive complement for existing print advertisers, while opening up new opportunities to attract local advertisers that have never advertised with local publications. In addition, we believe that national advertisers have an interest in reaching buyers on a hyper-local level and, although they typically are not significant advertisers in community publications, we believe the internet offers them a powerful medium to reach local audiences. This opportunity is further enhanced by our behavioral targeting products which allow advertisers to reach a specific demographic audience.

Circulation

Overall daily newspaper circulation, including national and urban newspapers, has been declining steadily over the past several years. Small and midsize local market newspapers have tended to have smaller declines and more stability in their paid circulation volumes due to the relevant and unique hyper-local news they produce. In addition, this unique and valuable hyper-local content allows smaller market newspapers to continue to be able to raise prices, leading to stable circulation revenues.

Our Strategy

We plan to maximize our revenue and cash flow potential in the existing economic and industry climate through a combination of (i) organic growth in our existing portfolio, including internet based products, (ii) taking advantage of cost reductions and de-leveraging opportunities, and (iii) the realization of economies of scale and operating efficiencies. Longer term, given our scale, we see significant opportunities to continue our previous acquisition and integration strategy. The key elements of our strategy are:

Maintain Our Dominance in the Delivery of Proprietary Content in Our Communities. We seek to maintain our position as a leading provider of local content in the markets we serve and to leverage this position to strengthen our relationships with both readers and advertisers, thereby increasing penetration rates and market share. A critical aspect of this approach is to continue to provide local content that is not readily obtainable elsewhere. We believe it is also very important for us to protect the content from unauthorized users for commercial purposes. We also believe it is important for us to develop subscription revenue streams from our online content.

 

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Strengthening our Balance Sheet and Managing our Operations. Our focus continues to be on strengthening our balance sheet and managing our operations. From an operations standpoint, we intend to continue to invest in our online business. With our revolving credit facility balance at zero and no amortization on our long term credit facility that matures in 2014, we believe that we have increased flexibility to allow us to use available cash generated from operations to invest in growing our business organically, strengthen our balance sheet, build liquidity, and put ourselves in a position to potentially take advantage of the dislocation in the markets, particularly with regard to valuations.

We also intend to continue to invest in recruitment and training of our sales staffs in order to train them to become multi-media sales staff as well as capture new or additional revenues and market share. In addition, we intend to continue to aggressively pursue permanent cost reductions on our controllable expenses and look for ways to manage inflationary pressures and to become more efficient.

Leverage Benefits of Scale and Clustering to Increase Cash Flows and Operating Profit Margins. We intend to continue to take advantage of geographic clustering to realize operating and economic efficiencies in areas such as labor, production, overhead, raw materials and distribution costs. We believe we will be able to increase our cash flows and expand our operating profit margins as we streamline and further centralize purchasing, administrative functions, and other duplicative functions completed in the field.

Increase Sales Force Productivity. We aim to continue to increase the productivity of our sales force and, in turn, help maximize advertising revenues. Our approach includes ongoing company-wide training of sales representatives and sales managers with training programs that focus on strengthening their ability to gather relevant demographic information, present to customers, understanding multi-media and product portfolio sales, effectively utilize time and close on sales calls. Our training includes sharing “best practices” of our most successful account representatives. We regularly evaluate the performance of our sales representatives and sales management and implement contests and other incentive compensation programs. We also regularly evaluate our advertising rates to ensure we are maximizing revenue opportunities. We believe better accountability and measurement of our sales force, when combined with training and access to better demographic and marketing information, will lead to greater productivity and revenue from our sales force. We also aim to create a multi-media sales culture and feel that is critical to our long term success.

Introduce New Products or Modify Our Products to Enhance the Value Proposition for Our Advertisers. We believe that our established positions in local markets, combined with our publishing and distribution capabilities, allow us to develop and customize new products to address the evolving interests and needs of our readers and advertisers. These products are often specialty publications, print and digital, that address specific interests such as employment, healthcare, hobbies and real estate. In addition, we intend to capitalize upon our unique position in local markets to introduce other marketing oriented products such as directories, magazines, shoppers and other niche publications in both online and print to further enhance our value to advertisers. We are also actively developing online and mobile products, including deal platforms, mobile websites and applications, we are also selling behavioral targeted advertising.

Pursue a Content-Driven Internet Strategy. We believe that we are well-positioned to increase our online penetration and generate additional online audience and revenues due to both our ability to deliver unique local content and our relationships with readers and advertisers. We believe this presents an opportunity to increase our overall audience penetration rates and advertising market share in each of the communities we serve. We expect that centralizing our technology and building a network of websites will allow us to aggregate classified advertisements and build online classified products in areas such as real estate, automotive and recruitment. We also have the ability to sell online display advertising and online video advertising locally and nationally. Finally, we intend to share resources across our organization in order to give each of our publications access to technology, online management expertise, content and advertisers that they may not have been able to obtain or afford if they were operating independently.

 

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Products

Our product mix consists of four publication types: (i) daily newspapers, (ii) weekly newspapers, (iii) shoppers and (iv) niche publications. Most of these publications have a digital presence as you’ll see in the following table. Some of the key characteristics of each of these types of publications are also summarized in the table below.

 

   

Daily Newspapers

 

Weekly Newspapers

 

Shoppers

 

Niche Publications

Cost:

  Paid   Paid and free   Paid and free   Paid and free

Distribution:

  Distributed four to seven days per week   Distributed one to three days per week   Distributed weekly   Distributed weekly, monthly or on annual basis

Format:

  Printed on newsprint, folded   Printed on newsprint, folded   Printed on newsprint, folded or booklet   Printed on newsprint or glossy, folded, booklet, magazine or book

Content:

  50% editorial (local news and coverage of community events, some national headlines) and 50% ads (including classifieds)   50% editorial (local news and coverage of community events, some national headlines for smaller markets which cannot support a daily newspaper) and 50% ads (including classifieds)   Almost 100% ads, primarily classifieds, display and inserts   Niche content and targeted ads (e.g., Chamber of Commerce city guides, tourism guides and special interest publications such as, seniors, golf, real estate, calendars and directories)

Income:

  Revenue from advertisers, subscribers, rack/box sales   Paid: Revenue from advertising, subscribers, rack/box sales   Paid: Revenue from advertising, rack/box sales   Paid: Revenue from advertising, rack/box sales
    Free: Advertising revenue only, provide 100% market coverage.   Free: Advertising revenue only, provide 100% market coverage   Free: Advertising revenue only

Internet Availability:

  Maintain locally oriented websites and mobile sites, for select locations   Major publications maintain locally oriented websites and mobile sites for select locations   Major publications maintain locally oriented websites   Selectively available online

Overview of Operations

We operate in five geographic regions: Western, Midwest, New England, Atlantic and Great Lakes. A list of our dailies, weeklies, shoppers and websites in each of our geographic regions is included under “List of Our Dailies, Weeklies, Shoppers, Websites and Directories” in this report. We also operate over 466 related websites and mobile sites.

 

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The following table sets forth information regarding our publications.

 

     Number of Publications      Circulation(1)  

Operating Region

   Dailies      Weeklies      Shoppers      Paid      Free      Total
Circulation
 

Western

     23         69         32         358,595         579,994         938,589   

Midwest

     35         39         35         160,036         576,002         736,038   

New England

     7         111         3         322,771         313,735         636,506   

Atlantic

     10         31         21         226,703         410,676         637,379   

Great Lakes

     11         4         11         141,397         320,215         461,612   
                                                     

Total

     86         254         102         1,209,502         2,200,622         3,410,124   

 

(1) Circulation statistics are estimated by our management as of December 31, 2010, except that audited circulation statistics, to the extent available, are utilized as of the audit date.

Western Region. Our Western region encompasses Illinois, parts of Minnesota, California, and Colorado with a total of 23 daily newspapers, 69 weekly newspapers and 32 shoppers. In addition to a good geographic mix, we benefit from a diverse economic and employment base across this region.

From the western shore of Lake Michigan to the eastern shore of the Mississippi River and running over 400 miles north to south, Illinois is a picture of manufacturing, agricultural and recreational diversity. With major daily newspapers in Rockford, Peoria, and the state capital of Springfield coupled with the southern and western Chicago suburbs, we are the largest publishing company in Illinois. 20 paid daily newspapers, 44 paid weekly newspapers, 10 free weekly papers, and 22 shoppers provide inclusive coverage across our three main clusters which are further supported by seven print production facilities.

The suburban Chicago cluster publishes 21 weekly newspapers in the southern and western suburbs. Coupled with these publications is the door-to-door Independent Delivery Service which offers targeted delivery to over 2 million households per week in the nine county suburban Chicago cluster.

Approximately 85 miles to the west of the Chicago suburban cluster is the Rockford Register Star supported by its over 44,742 daily paid circulation base and ancillary product the Star Shopper. The Rockford Register Star operates successful web sites that have more than 700,000 combined monthly unique visitors.

The western cluster of Illinois is composed of seven daily newspapers, 16 weekly newspapers, and eight shoppers. The Peoria Journal Star with its daily paid circulation of approximately 63,359 has also provided print efficiencies to neighboring publications. This coupled with the print capacities of our Galesburg print facility located at The Register-Mail has enhanced print and distribution levels. The market we serve includes manufacturing facilities for Caterpillar and John Deere, higher education including Bradley University, Monmouth College, Knox College, and Western Illinois University, various health care centers and providers, and agricultural concerns such as Pioneer and Monsanto. The Peoria Journal Star also has web sites with combined monthly unique visitors of more than 600,000.

The Springfield State Journal-Register with a daily paid circulation of over 44,317 covers the state capital of Illinois. The State Journal-Register also has successful web sites with combined monthly unique visitors of more than 1.3 million. Further south, the SI Trader with its paid weekly circulation of 16,041, adds further support to the additional eight daily newspapers, 15 paid weekly publications, and 11 weekly shoppers throughout this section of the state.

We are represented in southwestern Minnesota through seven paid weekly newspapers and four shoppers. St. James, Redwood Falls, Sleepy Eye, Granite Falls, Cottonwood, Wabasso, and Montevideo are all communities with populations of 10,000 and under. These papers represent the primary local news and information source for these communities.

 

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La Junta in the southeastern part of the state represents the Colorado properties. Along with La Junta we also serve Bent County and Fowler and produce the weekly agricultural newspaper, The Ag Journal.

We are represented in California by two daily newspapers in Ridgecrest and Yreka, five paid weekly papers in Dunsmuir, Mt. Shasta, Weed, Gridley and Taft, and six shoppers in Gridley, Mt. Shasta, Taft, Ridgecrest and Yreka. These publications reach from northern California through the southern desert and China Lake naval base in Ridgecrest.

The following table sets forth information regarding the number of publications and production facilities in the Western region:

 

     Publications      Production
Facilities
 

State of Operations

   Dailies      Weeklies      Shoppers         

Illinois

     20         54         22         7   

California

     2         5         6         2   

Southern Minnesota

     0         7         4         0   

Colorado

         1             3             0             1   
                                   

Total

     23         69         32         10   

Midwest Region. Our Midwest region comprises 35 daily newspapers, 39 weekly newspapers and 35 shoppers in parts of Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Louisiana, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota and Iowa. Each of our daily newspapers and five of our weeklies in the Midwest region serve communities located in a county seat. Our daily and weekly news products in this region average more than 100 years in continuous operation and our shopper publications are among the first ever published, with histories dating to the early 1960s.

The greatest concentration of circulation and market presence in our Midwest region is in northern Missouri where we operate nine daily newspapers and one weekly newspaper and 10 shoppers. We serve the 22,000 square mile area from Hannibal, on the state’s eastern border, to the western border and from Columbia in the south to the Iowa border in the north. Local employers include the University of Missouri and other colleges, local and federal governments, State Farm Insurance and 3M.

Our southern Missouri operations are clustered around Lake of the Ozarks and Joplin. Located midway between Kansas City and St. Louis and approximately 90 miles from Springfield, Missouri, our three daily and seven weekly newspapers and three shoppers that serve the Lake of the Ozarks area reach approximately 165,000 people.

Located in southwest Missouri and southeast Kansas is our Joplin cluster with two daily and four weekly newspapers and three shoppers, serving a population of approximately 170,000. There are several colleges and universities in the area, a National Guard Fort and several large medical centers and a diverse mix of retail businesses, including the 120-store Northpark Mall.

The Midwest region also includes our Kansas City cluster with six publications (two daily and two weekly newspapers and two shoppers) located in the eastern Kansas cities of Leavenworth and Lansing and on the Missouri side, Independence and Blue Springs. The Leavenworth Times was one of our original daily newspapers and the balance of the cluster was acquired afterward. In addition, we secured the military publication, The Fort Leavenworth Lamp, in Fort Leavenworth. The Kansas City cluster, with a population over 700,000, is home to several prominent companies, including Hallmark, H&R Block, Interstate Bakeries, and the University of Kansas.

We also have clusters in and around Grand Forks, North Dakota (home to the Grand Forks Air Force Base and the University of North Dakota) and near Mason City, Iowa, where Cargill, ConAgra, Kraft, Winnebago and Fort Dodge Animal Health, a division of Wyeth, each maintain significant operations.

 

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The Wichita cluster, with a population of approximately 600,000 people, consists of six dailies, two weeklies and six shoppers in the towns of Augusta, El Dorado, Pratt, Wellington, Newton and McPherson near Wichita, Kansas. The clustering of the small dailies in this area allows the group to sell advertisers a package providing access to multiple communities. Major aircraft manufacturers Boeing, Bombardier, Cessna and Raytheon have facilities nearby and McConnell Air Force Base is a major component of the local economy.

In Louisiana, we have an operating cluster in the southwestern part of the state, located between Lake Charles and Alexandria. This cluster consists of five publications located in the cities of Leesville, Sulpher, DeRidder and Vinton. A new press configuration has increased the quality of our products in the area and provides an opportunity for additional commercial print revenue. Local employers include major manufacturers such as Alcoa, Firestone, International Paper and Proctor & Gamble.

Our Baton Rouge cluster is a relatively new cluster developed through a series of acquisitions. The group consists of three weeklies and three shoppers in the southeastern Louisiana cities of Donaldsville, Gonzales, and Plaquemine. Numerous petrochemical companies such as BASF, Exxon Mobil and Dow Chemical, plus universities including Louisiana State, support the local economies.

The following table sets forth information regarding the number of publications and production facilities in the Midwest region:

 

     Publications      Production
Facilities
 

State of Operations

   Dailies      Weeklies      Shoppers         

Missouri

     14         13         16         5   

Kansas

     9         5         10         3   

Louisiana

     4         5         4         3   

Arkansas

     3         11         0         2   

Minnesota

     1         1         2         1   

Oklahoma

     2         1         1         2   

Nebraska

     0         2         1         1   

North Dakota

     1         0         1         1   

Iowa

     0         1         0         0   

Tennessee

         1             0             0             0   
                                   

Total

     35         39         35         18   

New England Region. We are one of the largest community newspaper publishers in New England by number of daily publications and quite a large concentration of weekly newspapers, serving 113 communities in markets across eastern Massachusetts and Norwich, Connecticut. The three largest daily newspapers in this region are: The Patriot Ledger (founded in 1837 with circulation of 37,694), the Enterprise (founded in 1880 with circulation of 22,088) and the MetroWest Daily News (founded in 1897 with circulation of 19,424). The New England region also has over 115 web sites, with more than 1.7 million average combined monthly unique visitors.

Many of the towns within our New England region were founded in the 1600s and our daily and weekly newspapers in the region have long been institutions within these communities. In fact, our New England region has 30 daily and weekly newspapers that are over 100 years old.

Our publications serve some of the most demographically desirable communities in New England. The Boston DMA is the seventh largest market in the United States with 2.4 million households and 6.2 million people, and ranks first nationally in concentration of colleges and universities.

Massachusetts boasts more than one million households in the region earning greater than $75,000, and a substantial homeownership rate. This upscale demographic provides a desirable market for advertisers. We reach 1.7 million readers in the eastern Massachusetts market.

 

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Eastern Massachusetts is also as an employment center for leading industries such as technology, biotechnology, healthcare and higher education. Many of the region’s leading employers are located in the communities served by our New England region’s publications.

Our Norwich, Connecticut property brings some stability to our New England region as the eastern Connecticut economy differs from the nation and New England markedly. Primary economic drivers include casinos, military submarine manufacture and pharmaceutical research. Major industrial employers in the region include General Dynamics, Pfizer, Dow Chemical, Dominion Resources and the United States Navy.

The following table sets forth information regarding the number of publications and production facilities in the New England region:

 

     Publications      Production
Facilities
 

State of Operations

   Dailies      Weeklies      Shoppers         

Massachusetts

     6         109         2         3   

Connecticut

         1             2             1             0   
                                   

Total

     7         111         3         3   

Atlantic Region. Our Atlantic region comprises of publications in New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware and West Virginia. The region is anchored by clusters in the southern tier of New York, Rochester/Canandaigua New York, Central New York, Pennsylvania/West Virginia and Delaware. Virtually all of our 10 dailies in the Atlantic region date back more than 100 years. The Atlantic region also has web sites totaling more than 3.1 million combined monthly unique visitors.

In southwestern New York, our operations are centered around six publications based in Steuben County. In Corning, The Leader, a 9,561 circulation daily newspaper, dominates the eastern half of the county and shares its hometown namesake with Corning Incorporated. The Hornell Evening Tribune circulates daily throughout the western half of the county. Situated directly between these two dailies in the county seat of Bath is the 10,850 circulation Steuben Courier, a free-distribution weekly. The Hornell-Canisteo Penn-E-Saver, a standalone shopper, solidifies this flagship group.

We also have a strong presence in the print advertising markets in three other New York counties that surround Steuben. In Allegany County to the west, the Wellsville Daily Reporter and its shopper, the Allegany County Pennysaver, cover most households. In Livingston County to the north, the Dansville-Wayland Pennysaver and the Genesee Country Express complement one another with combined circulation of 11,814. In Yates County to the north and east, The Chronicle-Express and Chronicle Ad-Visor shopper distribute weekly to over 15,000 households centered around the county seat of Penn Yan.

In nearby Chemung County, the 22,000 circulation Horseheads Shopper anchors our presence in this area. The majority of the southwestern New York cluster parallels future Interstate 86 across the central southern tier of New York State, which is benefiting from continued improvement and expansion under an omnibus federal highway appropriations bill. Moreover, the cluster has several colleges and universities nearby, including Cornell University, Ithaca College, Elmira College and Houghton College.

Our Honesdale cluster, approximately 30 miles from Scranton, Pennsylvania, consists of seven publications in the cities of Carbondale, Honesdale and Hawley, Pennsylvania, along with Liberty, New York, located just across the Delaware River to the east. The cluster was created from our daily and shopper operations in Honesdale and later supplemented by our acquisition of weeklies and shoppers in Carbondale and Liberty. Local employers include General Dynamics, Blue Cross/Blue Shield, Commonwealth Telephone and various colleges and universities, medical centers and governmental agencies.

 

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We enjoy a strong presence in Upstate New York, including the popular Finger Lakes Region and the greater Rochester area. In this region we maintain a combination of 17 publications that span four counties, has combined circulation of 171,138. This growing commercial market has a tourism industry and is known for boutique wineries and recreational activities. The flagship of Messenger Post Media is the 8,100-circulation Daily Messenger in Canandaigua.

The Central New York cluster is anchored by the Observer-Dispatch in Utica New York which has circulation of 33,979. The Utica operations include one daily and two shoppers and a weekly newspaper in Hamilton. Utica also has web sites with combined monthly unique visitors of more than 380,000. Other dailies in this group are located in Herkimer and Little Falls along with weekly and pennysavers in Liberty and Saugerties. The Utica and Herkimer County operations take advantage of numerous synergies in printing, circulation, and advertising.

Our Pennsylvania/West Virginia cluster includes dailies in Waynesboro, Pennsylvania, Keyser and Ripley, West Virginia. We also have two weeklies throughout the group and a commercial printing operation in Ravenswood, West Virginia.

The Delaware cluster publishes eight weekly newspapers, one shopper, and various specialty papers that cover most of the state of Delaware, and range from suburban Wilmington in the north to Georgetown, Delaware at the south end of the state. The weekly Express shopper serves nearly all of lower Delaware and a good portion of the Eastern Shore of Maryland. Circulation for the cluster is primarily free, and totals approximately 127,727 weekly.

The following table sets forth information regarding the number of publications and production facilities in the Atlantic region:

 

     Publications      Production
Facilities
 

State of Operations

   Dailies      Weeklies      Shoppers         

New York

     7         17         16         3   

Pennsylvania

     2         4         2         2   

Delaware

     0         8         1         1   

West Virginia

         1             2             2             2   
                                   

Total

     10         31         21         8   

Great Lakes Region. Our Great Lakes region comprises 11 daily newspapers, 4 weekly newspapers and 11 shoppers in Michigan and Ohio.

The communities we serve in our Northern Midwest region are largely rural but also support educational institutions, government agencies (including prisons and military bases), tourism, veterinary medicine and ethanol and agricultural chemical manufacturing. The area also maintains automotive (including recreational vehicles), boat, home construction products and furniture manufacturing sectors.

We have a strong presence in southern Michigan where five of our dailies—Adrian, Coldwater, Holland, Hillsdale and Sturgis—along with four weeklies and six shoppers blanket the southern tier of the state and into Indiana. The 15,938 circulation Holland Sentinel is the flagship publication of the group. This area has several large employers, including Delphi, ConAgra, Tecumseh Products, Kellogg, JCI, Herman Miller, Hayworth, Gentex, Jackson State Prison, and a number of colleges and universities.

The Ohio cluster is anchored in Canton, Ohio, the seventh largest city in the state and home to the Pro Football Hall of Fame, and covers Stark and Tuscarawas Counties. It is comprised of three daily newspapers, one weekly publication and two shoppers. The Repository is a 57,819 daily newspaper that covers the entire area of Stark County. The Dover New Philadelphia Times Reporter is a 18,762 daily publication located 40 miles south

 

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of Canton in Tuscarawas County. The Massillon Independent a 10,272 circulation daily that is located in western Stark County. The Suburbanite is a 32,600 weekly publication that circulates in the affluent northern Stark County area. The Ohio cluster has very successful web sites with more than 1.2 million combined monthly unique visitors. Together the newspapers and web sites dominate their local markets.

The following table sets forth information regarding the number of publications and production facilities in the Great Lakes region:

 

     Publications      Production
Facilities
 

State of Operations

   Dailies      Weeklies      Shoppers         

Michigan

     8         3         9         5   

Ohio

         3             1             2             2   
                                   

Total

     11         4         11         7   

Directories

The core of our directory portfolio is comprised of the three yellow page directories acquired in the SureWest Acquisition, which are located in and around the Sacramento, California area, primarily in Roseville, California. The three directories have an aggregate circulation of approximately 408,000 and service Roseville, Auburn/Grass Valley/Nevada City and Folsom/El Dorado/Placerville, reaching four counties within the Sacramento region.

Our SureWest portfolio is highlighted by the Roseville directory. The Roseville directory is the incumbent (with a circulation of approximately 250,000) and has served the local Roseville community for over 95 years and has achieved more than 50% market share.

Over the past 10 years, the Sacramento region has increased to almost 2.2 million people. The area boasts a diversified economy with both traditional economic activity (including significant government and government related business) and the presence of prominent companies such as Hewlett Packard, Intel and Oracle. This area is characterized by sophisticated consumers with attractive wealth profiles. In addition, the area maintains professional and business services and leisure and hospitality sectors, which historically utilize directories advertising as a primary medium to market their products and services.

We also own three additional directories including two Michigan and Indiana phone guides servicing St. Joseph County, Michigan and LaGrange County, Indiana, and Branch County, Michigan and Steuben County, Indiana, respectively, and a yellow page directory based in Mt. Shasta, California.

Revenue

Our operations generate three primary types of revenue: advertising, circulation (including single copy sales and home delivery subscriptions) and other (primarily commercial printing). In 2010, these revenue streams accounted for approximately 71%, 24% and 5%, respectively, of our total revenue. The contribution of advertising, circulation and other revenue to our total revenue in 2008, 2009 and 2010 was as follows:

 

     Year Ended
December 31,
2008
     Year Ended
December 31,
2009
     Year Ended
December 31,
2010
 
     (In thousands)  

Revenue:

        

Advertising

   $ 492,251       $ 409,484       $ 395,618   

Circulation

     145,653         142,023         136,377   

Commercial printing and other

     40,835         33,286         26,593   
                          

Total revenue

   $ 678,739       $ 584,793       $ 558,588   

 

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Advertising

Advertising revenue, which includes our online publications, is the largest component of our revenue, accounting for approximately 73%, 70% and 71% of our total revenue in 2008, 2009 and 2010, respectively. We categorize advertising as follows:

 

   

Local Retail—local retailers, local stores for national retailers, grocers, department and furniture stores, local financial institutions, niche shops, restaurants and other consumer related businesses.

 

   

Local Classified—local employment, automotive, real estate and other advertising.

 

   

On-line—banner, display, classified, behavioral targeting, search and other advertising on websites or mobile devices.

 

   

National—national and major accounts such as wireless communications companies, airlines and hotels.

We believe that our advertising revenue tends to be less volatile than the advertising revenue of large metropolitan and national print media because we rely primarily on local rather than national advertising and we have less exposure to classified revenue than others within our industry. We generally derive 95% or more of our advertising revenue from local advertising (local retail, local classified and online) and less than 5% from national advertising. We believe that local advertising tends to be less sensitive to economic cycles than national advertising as local businesses generally have fewer effective advertising channels through which to reach their customers. We are also less reliant than large metropolitan newspapers upon classified advertising, particularly the recruiting and real estate categories, which are generally more sensitive to economic conditions.

Our advertising rate structures vary among our publications and are a function of various factors, including local market conditions, competition, circulation, readership and demographics. Our corporate management works with our local newspaper management to approve advertising rates and a portion of our publishers’ incentive compensation is based upon growing advertising revenue. We share advertising concepts throughout our network of publishers and advertising managers, enabling them to utilize advertising products and sales strategies that are successful in other markets we serve.

Substantially all of our advertising revenue is derived from a diverse group of local retailers and local classified advertisers, resulting in very limited customer concentration. No single advertiser accounted for more than 1% of our total revenue in 2008, 2009 or 2010 and our 20 largest advertisers account for less than 5% of total revenue.

Our advertising revenue tends to follow a seasonal pattern, with higher advertising revenue in months containing significant events or holidays. Accordingly, our first quarter, followed by our third quarter, historically are our weakest quarters of the year in terms of revenue. Correspondingly, our second fiscal quarter, and fourth fiscal quarter, historically are our strongest quarters. We expect that this seasonality will continue to affect our advertising revenue in future periods.

We have experienced declines in advertising revenue over the past year, due primarily to the economic recession. We continue to search for organic growth opportunities, specifically in our online advertising and through new product launches.

Circulation

Our circulation revenue is derived from home delivery sales to subscribers and single copy sales at retail stores and vending racks and boxes. We own 86 paid daily publications that range in circulation from approximately 1,000 to over 63,000 and 191 paid weekly publications that range in circulation from approximately 100 to 29,000. Circulation revenue accounted for approximately 21%, 24% and 24% of our total revenue in 2008, 2009 and 2010, respectively.

 

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Subscriptions are typically sold for three to twelve-month terms and often include promotions to extend the average subscription period. We implement marketing programs to increase readership through subscription and single copy sales, including company-wide and local circulation contests, door-to-door sales and strategic alliances with local schools in the form of “Newspapers in Education” programs. In addition, since the adoption of the Telemarketing Sales Rule by the Federal Trade Commission in 2003, which created a national “do not call” registry, we have increased our use of “EZ Pay” programs, door to door sales, kiosks, sampling programs, in-paper promotions and online promotions to increase our circulation.

We encourage subscriber use of EZ Pay, a monthly credit card charge or direct bank debit payment program, which has led to higher retention rates for subscribers. We also use an active stop-loss program for all expiring subscribers. Additionally, in order to improve our circulation revenue and circulation trends, we periodically review the need for quality enhancements, such as:

 

   

Increasing the amount of unique hyper-local content;

 

   

Increasing the use of color and color photographs;

 

   

Improving graphic design, including complete redesigns;

 

   

Developing creative and interactive promotional campaigns; and

 

   

Converting selected newspapers from afternoon to morning publications.

We believe that our unique and valuable hyper-local content allows us to continue to produce products of great relevance to our local market audiences. This allows us to be able to periodically raise prices, both for home delivery and on a single copy basis, resulting in increased circulation revenues. We also believe this hyper-local unique content will allow us to find ways to grow circulation revenues from our wide array of digital products.

Other

We provide commercial printing services to third parties on a competitive bid basis as a means to generate incremental revenue and utilize excess printing capacity. These customers consist primarily of other publishers that do not have their own printing presses and do not compete with our publications. We also print other commercial materials, including flyers, business cards and invitations. Other sources of revenue, including commercial printing, accounted for approximately 6%, 6% and 5% of our total revenue in 2008, 2009 and 2010, respectively.

Printing and Distribution

We own and operate 46 print facilities. Each of our print facilities produce nine publications on average and are generally located within 60 miles of the communities served. By clustering our production resources, we are able to reduce the operating costs of our publications while increasing the quality of our small and midsize market publications that would typically not otherwise have access to high quality production facilities. We also believe that we are able to reduce future capital expenditure needs by having fewer overall pressrooms and buildings. We believe our superior production quality is critical to maintaining and enhancing our position as the leading provider of local news coverage in the markets we serve.

The distribution of our daily newspapers is typically outsourced to independent, locally based, third-party distributors that also distribute a majority of our weekly newspapers and non-newspaper publications. In addition, certain of our shopper and weekly publications are delivered via the U.S. Postal Service.

Newsprint

We are a member of a consortium which enables our local publishers to obtain favorable pricing when investing in newsprint by going to local mills at reduced rates negotiated by the consortium. As a result, we have generally been able to purchase newsprint at a price of $10 to $12 per metric ton below the market price. We generally maintain a 45 to 55 day inventory of newsprint. Newsprint is a readily available commodity.

 

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Historically, the market price of newsprint has been volatile, reaching a high of approximately $823 per metric ton in 2008 and a low of $410 per metric ton in 2002. The average market price of newsprint during 2010 was approximately $575 per metric ton.

In 2010 we consumed approximately 55,100 metric tons of newsprint (inclusive of commercial printing) and the cost of our newsprint consumption totaled approximately $36.5 million. Our newsprint expense typically averages less than 10% of total revenue, which generally compares favorably to larger, metropolitan newspapers.

In 2011 we negotiated a fixed price for approximately 75% of our newsprint tons which allows us to eliminate some of the volatility we see in this expense category.

Competition

Each of our publications competes for advertising revenue to varying degrees with direct mail, yellow pages, radio, outdoor advertising, broadcast and cable television, magazines, local, regional and national newspapers, shoppers and other print and online media sources, including local blogs. However, we believe that barriers to entry are high in many of the markets we serve due to our position as the preeminent source for local news and information therein, because our markets are generally not large enough to support a second newspaper and because our local news gathering infrastructures, sales networks and relationships would be time consuming and costly to replicate. We also have highly recognized local brand names and long histories in the towns we serve.

We also provide our readers with community-specific content, which is generally not available from other media sources. Our direct and focused coverage of the market and our cost effective advertising rates relative to more broadly circulated metropolitan newspapers allow us to tailor an approach for our advertisers. As a result, our publications generally capture a large share of local advertising in the markets they serve.

The level of competition and primary competitors we face vary from market to market. Competition tends to be based on penetration, demographic and quality factors, as opposed to price factors. The competitive environment in each of our operating regions is discussed in greater detail below.

Western Region. The Western region consists of 92 markets and we believe our publications are the dominant print advertising media in the vast majority of these markets. There are radio stations in or within 20 miles of every market we are in, but we do not believe that any of these radio station operators pose a significant competitive threat to our publications. Yellow page advertising is prevalent in all of our markets with either a local phone book or a regional phone book. We believe that, in most cases, yellow page advertising is geared more towards the professional services advertisers such as attorneys and doctors and not the local retail advertisers, as is the focus with our non-directory publications. In the Western region, we face regional competition with three of our daily newspapers in Illinois. Lee Enterprises has the Southern Illinoisan that is located in Carbondale. This is a regional newspaper that competes with our dailies in Marion, Benton, West Frankfort and DuQuoin. In all four of these cases, we believe our publications are the dominant local daily, but do compete on a regional basis with the larger dailies. We also compete with shoppers or weekly newspapers. This competition comes from small independent operators and is not significant. We have very little television competition in the Western region because of our geographic location in relation to major markets. There are no local television affiliates in our markets.

Midwest Region. In our Midwest markets we believe our publications are generally the dominant media in those markets. Our major competition comes from regional daily newspapers, specifically: The Advocate in Baton Rouge, Louisiana; The American Press in Lake Charles, Louisiana; The Joplin Globe; and the Wichita Eagle. We also face competition from numerous other daily and weekly papers, local radio stations, shopping guides, directories and niche publications.

 

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New England Region. In the New England region, the Boston Globe and boston.com, a metropolitan daily and website, respectively, owned by the New York Times Company, compete with us throughout eastern Massachusetts. In addition, we compete in Massachusetts with more than 30 other weekly or daily newspaper companies (that publish a combined total of approximately 16 dailies and 50 weeklies), three major radio station operators, five local network television broadcasters, one cable company and numerous niche publications for advertising revenues. We believe that our publications generally deliver the highest household coverage in their respective markets.

Atlantic Region. In our Atlantic markets we believe our publications are generally the dominant media in those markets. Daily newspapers owned by Gannett Company, Inc. (The Star-Gazette in Elmira, NY and the Chambersburg (PA) Public-Opinion) compete with us in several markets in the Atlantic region. We also face competition from other major newspaper companies in several other Atlantic region markets: Schurz Communication’s Hagerstown (MD) Herald-Mail; Times-Shamrock Company’s Scranton (PA) The Times-Tribune and Towanda Daily/Sunday Review; Community Newspaper Holdings, Inc.’s (“CNHI”) Sunbury Daily Item; Ogden-Nutting’s Williamsport Sun-Gazette; Newshouse Newspaper’s Syracuse Post-Standard; and CNHI’s Cumberland (MD) Times News. Our competitors in the Atlantic region also include numerous other daily and weekly newspapers, local radio stations, shopping guides, directories and niche publications. We believe our publications, many of which have an extensive history in the market, tend to be the dominant local publication.

Great Lakes Region. In our Great Lakes markets we believe our publications are generally the dominant media in those markets. Our only significant competition comes from regional television stations in Adrian, Michigan. We also face competition from dozens of other competitors such as other local daily and weekly papers and niche publications, as well as radio and television stations, directories, direct mail and non-local internet websites, but none of these have proven to be significant.

Management and Employees

The 10 members of our executive management team have an average of over 20 years of industry experience and a long history of identifying, acquiring and improving the operations of acquired publications. Our executive management team has managed community newspapers in various economic cycles. We also have a seasoned team of managers at the local level, where our 108 publishers have an average of approximately 25 years of industry experience.

As of December 31, 2010, we had approximately 5,239 full time equivalent employees, consisting of hourly and salaried employees. We employ union personnel at a number of our core publications representing approximately 755 full-time equivalent employees. As of December 31, 2010 there were 25 collective bargaining agreements covering union personnel. Twelve of these agreements, representing employees in Massachusetts, Michigan and Illinois, expire in 2011. We believe that relations with our employees are generally good and we have had no work stoppages at any of our publications.

Environmental Matters

We believe that we are substantially in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations for the protection of the environment and the health and safety of our employees based upon existing facts presently known to us. Compliance with federal, state, and local environmental laws and regulations relating to the discharge of substances into the environment, the disposal of hazardous wastes and other related activities has had, and will continue to have, an impact on our operations, but has, since our incorporation in 1997, been accomplished without having a material adverse effect on our operations. While it is difficult to estimate the timing and ultimate costs to be incurred due to uncertainties about the status of laws, regulations and technology, based on information currently known to us and insurance procured with respect to certain environmental matters, we do not expect environmental costs or contingencies to be material or to have a material adverse effect on our financial performance. Our operations involve risks in these areas, however, and we cannot assure you that we will not incur material costs or liabilities in the future which could adversely affect us.

 

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Corporate Governance and Public Information

The address of our website is www.gatehousemedia.com. Stockholders can access a wide variety of information on our website, including news releases, Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) filings, information we are required to post online pursuant to applicable SEC rules, newspaper profiles and online links. We make available via our website, all filings we make under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, including Forms 10-K, 10-Q and 8-K, and related amendments, as soon as reasonably practicable after they are filed with, or furnished to, the SEC. All such filings are available free of charge. Neither the content of our corporate website nor any other website referred to in this report are incorporated by reference into this report unless expressly noted. The public may read and copy any information we file with the SEC at the SEC’s public reference room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, DC 20549. The public may obtain information on the operation of the public reference room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC also maintains a website (http://www.sec.gov) where our filings filed with the SEC are available free of charge.

List of Our Dailies, Weeklies, Shoppers, Websites and Directories

Our dailies, weeklies, shoppers, websites and directories are listed below. We maintain registered trademarks in many of the masthead names listed below. Maintaining such trademarks allows us to exclusively use the masthead name to the exclusion of third parties.

Western Region

 

State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

Illinois    Benton   

Benton Evening News

www.bentoneveningnews.com

   Daily
   Canton   

Daily Ledger

www.cantondailyledger.com

   Daily
   Carmi   

The Carmi Times

www.carmitimes.com

   Daily
   Du Quoin   

Du Quoin Evening Call

www.duquoin.com

   Daily
   El Dorado    El Dorado Daily Journal    Daily
   Freeport   

The Journal Standard

www.journalstandard.com

   Daily
   Galesburg   

The Register-Mail

www.galesburg.com

   Daily
   Harrisburg   

Harrisburg Daily Register

www.dailyregister.com

   Daily
   Kewanee   

Star-Courier

www.starcourier.com

   Daily
   Lincoln   

The Courier

www.lincolncourier.com

   Daily
   Macomb   

McDonough County Voice

www.mcdonoughvoice.com

   Daily
   Marion   

Marion Daily Republican

www.dailyrepublicannews.com

   Daily
   Monmouth   

Daily Review Atlas

www.reviewatlas.com

   Daily
   Olney   

The Olney Daily Mail

www.olneydailymail.com

   Daily
   Pekin   

Pekin Daily Times

www.pekintimes.com

   Daily

 

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State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

   Peoria   

Journal Star

www.pjstar.com

   Daily
   Pontiac   

Daily Leader

www.pontiacdailyleader.com

   Daily
   Rockford   

Rockford Register Star

www.rrstar.com

www.rockfordwoman.com

   Daily
   Springfield   

The State Journal-Register

www.sj-r.com

   Daily
   West Frankfort   

Daily American

www.dailyamericannews.com

   Daily
   Abingdon/Avon   

Abingdon/Avon Argus-Sentinel

www.eaglepublications.com

   Paid Weekly
  

Addison/Bensenville/

Wood Dale

  

Press

www.mysuburbanlife.com/addison

www.mysuburbanlife.com/bensenville

www.mysuburbanlife.com/wooddale

   Paid Weekly
   Aledo   

The Times Record

www.aledotimesrecord.com

   Paid Weekly
   Augusta   

Augusta Eagle-Scribe

www.eaglepublicatons.com

   Paid Weekly
   Berwyn/Cicero   

Berwyn/Cicero Life

www.mysuburbanlife.com/berwyn

www.mysuburbanlife.com/cicero

   Paid Weekly
   Brookfield   

Suburban Life

www.mysuburbanlife.com/brookfield

   Paid Weekly
   Cambridge   

Cambridge Chronicle

www.cambridgechron.com

   Paid Weekly
   Carmi    The Weekly Times    Paid Weekly
   Carol Stream   

Press

www.mysuburbanlife.com/carolstream

   Paid Weekly
   Chester   

Randolph County Herald Tribune

www.randolphcountyheraldtribune.com

   Paid Weekly
   Chillicothe   

Chillicothe Times Bulletin

www.chillicothetimesbulletin.com

   Paid Weekly
   Christopher    The Progress    Paid Weekly
   Downers Grove    Pro-Football Weekly    Paid Weekly
   Du Quoin    Du Quoin News    Paid Weekly
   Du Quoin    Ashley News    Paid Weekly
   East Peoria   

East Peoria Times-Courier

www.eastpeoriatimescourier.com

   Paid Weekly
   Fairbury    The Blade    Paid Weekly
   Flora   

Advocate Press

www.advocatepress.com

   Paid Weekly
   Galva    Galva News    Paid Weekly
   Geneseo   

The Geneseo Republic

www.geneseorepublic.com

   Paid Weekly
   Herrin   

The Spokesman

www.dailyrepublicannews.com

   Paid Weekly

 

17


Table of Contents

State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

   Huntley   

Farmside

www.mysuburbanlife.com/huntley

   Paid Weekly
   LaGrange/Westchester   

Suburban Life

www.mysuburbanlife.com/lagrange

www.mysuburbanlife.com/westchester

   Paid Weekly
   Lemont   

Reporter

www.mysuburbanlife.com/lemont

   Paid Weekly
   Morton   

Morton Times News

www.mortontimesnews.com

   Paid Weekly
   Murphysboro   

Murphysboro American

www.murphysboroamerican.com

   Paid Weekly
   Newton   

Newton Press Mentor

www.pressmentor.com

   Paid Weekly
   Norris City    Norris City Banner    Paid Weekly
   Oquawka    Oquawka Current    Paid Weekly
   Orion   

Orion Gazette

www.oriongazette.com

   Paid Weekly
   Roseville   

Roseville Independent

www.eaglepublications.com

   Paid Weekly
   Shawneetown    Ridgway News    Paid Weekly
   Shawneetown    Gallatin Democrat    Paid Weekly
   Steelville    The Steelville Ledger    Paid Weekly
   Teutopolis   

Teutopolis Press

www.teutopolispress.com

   Paid Weekly
   Villa Park   

Argus

www.mysuburbanlife.com/villapark

   Paid Weekly
   West Frankfort   

SI Trader

www.sitraders.com

   Paid Weekly
   Westmont   

Progress

www.mysuburbanlife.com/westmont

   Paid Weekly
  

Winfield/Warrenville/

West Chicago

  

Press

www.mysuburbanlife.com

   Paid Weekly
   Woodridge   

Reporter

www.mysuburbanlife.com/winfield

www.mysuburbanlife.com/warrenville

www.mysuburbanlife.com/westchicago

www.mysuburbanlife.com/woodridge

   Paid Weekly
   Bartlett   

Press

www.mysuburbanlife.com/bartlett

   Free Weekly
   Batavia   

Republican

www.mysuburbanlife.com/batavia

   Free Weekly
   Downers Grove   

Reporter

www.mysuburbanlife.com/downersgrove

   Free Weekly
   Elmhurst   

Press

www.mysuburbanlife.com/elmhurst

   Free Weekly
   Galesburg   

Knox County Neighbors

www.galesburg.com

   Free Weekly
   Geneva   

Republican

www.mysuburbanlife.com/geneva

   Free Weekly

 

18


Table of Contents

State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

   Glen Ellyn   

News

www.mysuburbanlife.com/glenellyn

   Free Weekly
   Hinsdale   

Suburban Life

www.mysuburbanlife.com/hinsdale

   Free Weekly
   Lombard   

Spectator

www.mysuburbanlife.com/lombard

   Free Weekly
   Macomb    Daily Brief    Free Weekly
   Peoria   

Woodford Times

www.woodfordtimes.com

   Free Weekly
   St Charles   

Republican

www.mysuburbanlife.com/stcharles

   Free Weekly
   Washington   

Washington Times Reporter

www.washingtontimesreporter.com

   Free Weekly
   Wheaton   

Leader

www.mysuburbanlife.com/wheaton

   Free Weekly
   Aledo    Town Crier Advertiser    Shopper
   Canton    Fulton County Shopper    Shopper
   Carmi    White County Shopper News    Shopper
   Flora    CCAP Special    Shopper
   Freeport    The Scene    Shopper
   Galatia   

Money Stretcher

www.galatiamoneystretcher.com

   Shopper
   Geneseo    Henry County Advertizer/Shopper    Shopper
   Herrin    This Week in Williamson County    Shopper
   Lincoln    Logan County Shopper    Shopper
   Macomb   

McDonough County Choice

www.mcdonoughvoice.com

   Shopper
   Marion    This Week in Williamson County    Shopper
   Monmouth    Pennysaver    Shopper
   Morton    Morton Pumpkin Advertiser    Shopper
   Olney    Richland County Shopper    Shopper
   Olney    Jasper County News Eagle    Shopper
   Peoria    JS Shopper    Shopper
   Peoria    Pekin Extra    Shopper
   Pontiac    Livingston Shopping News    Shopper
   Rockford    Star Shopper    Shopper
   Springfield    Springfield Advertiser    Shopper
   Springfield   

Springfield Shopper

www.springfield-shopper.net

   Shopper
   West Frankfort    Free Press    Shopper
   Bartlett    www.mysuburbanlife.com/bartlett    On-line Only
   Berkeley    www.mysuburbanlife.com/berkeley    On-line Only
   Bloomingdale    www.mysuburbanlife.com/bloomingdale    On-line Only
   Bolingbrook    www.mysuburbanlife.com/bolingbrook    On-line Only
   Broadview    www.mysuburbanlife.com/broadview    On-line Only
   Burr Ridge    www.mysuburbanlife.com/burrridge    On-line Only
   Clarendon Hills    www.mysuburbanlife.com/clarendonhills    On-line Only
   Countryside    www.mysuburbanlife.com/countryside    On-line Only
   Darien    www.mysuburbanlife.com/darien    On-line Only
   Forest View    www.mysuburbanlife.com/forestview    On-line Only

 

19


Table of Contents

State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

   Glendale Heights    www.mysuburbanlife.com/glendaleheights    On-line Only
   Hanover Park    www.mysuburbanlife.com/hanoverpark    On-line Only
   Hillside    www.mysuburbanlife.com/hillside    On-line Only
   Hodgkins    www.mysuburbanlife.com/hodgkins    On-line Only
   Indian Head Park    www.mysuburbanlife.com/indianheadpark    On-line Only
   Itasca    www.mysuburbanlife.com/itasca    On-line Only
   La Grange Park    www.mysuburbanlife.com/lagrangepark    On-line Only
   Lisle    www.mysuburbanlife.com/lisle    On-line Only
   Lyons    www.mysuburbanlife.com/lyons    On-line Only
   Marengo    www.mysuburbanlife.com/marengo    On-line Only
   McCook    www.mysuburbanlife.com/mccook    On-line Only
   Naperville    www.mysuburbanlife.com/naperville    On-line Only
   North Riverside    www.mysuburbanlife.com/northriverside    On-line Only
   Oak Brook    www.mysuburbanlife.com/oakbrook    On-line Only
   Oak Brook Terrace    www.mysuburbanlife.com/oakbrookterrace    On-line Only
   Riverside    www.mysuburbanlife.com/riverside    On-line Only
   Romeoville    www.mysuburbanlife.com/romeoville    On-line Only
   Roselle    www.mysuburbanlife.com/roselle    On-line Only
   Stickney    www.mysuburbanlife.com/stickney    On-line Only
   Streamwood    www.mysuburbanlife.com/streamwood    On-line Only
   Wayne    www.mysuburbanlife.com/wayne    On-line Only
   Western Springs    www.mysuburbanlife.com/westernsprings    On-line Only
   Willow Springs    www.mysuburbanlife.com/willowsprings    On-line Only
   Willowbrook    www.mysuburbanlife.com/willowbrook    On-line Only
California    Ridgecrest   

The Daily Independent

www.ridgecrestca.com

   Daily
   Yreka   

Siskiyou Daily News

www.siskiyoudaily.com

   Daily
   Gridley   

Gridley Herald

www.gridleyherald.com

   Paid Weekly
   Mt Shasta   

Weed Press

www.mtshastanews.com

   Paid Weekly
   Mt Shasta   

Dunsmuir News

www.mtshastanews.com

   Paid Weekly
   Mt Shasta   

Mt Shasta Herald

www.mtshastanews.com

   Paid Weekly
   Taft   

Midway Driller

www.taftmidwaydriller.com

   Paid Weekly
   Gridley   

Gidley Shopping News

www.gridleyherald.com

   Shopper
   Mt Shasta    Spotlight    Shopper
   Mt Shasta    Super Saver Advertiser    Shopper
   Ridgecrest    Super Tuesday    Shopper
   Taft    Bargain Hunter    Shopper
   Yreka   

Siskiyou Seen

www.siskiyoudaily.com

   Shopper
Minnesota    Cottonwood    Tri-County News    Paid Weekly
   Granite Falls   

Granite Falls Advocate-Tribune

www.granitefallsnews.com

   Paid Weekly

 

20


Table of Contents

State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

   Montevideo   

Montevideo American News

www.montenews.com

   Paid Weekly
   Redwood Falls   

Redwood Gazette

www.redwoodfallsgazette.com

   Paid Weekly
   Sleepy Eye   

Sleepy Eye Herald Dispatch

www.sleepyeyenews.com

   Paid Weekly
   St James   

St James Plaindealer

www.stjamesnews.com

   Paid Weekly
   Wabasso    The Wabasso Standard    Paid Weekly
   Montevideo   

The Star Advisor

www.montenews.com

   Shopper
   Redwood Falls    Redwood Falls Livewire    Shopper
   Sleepy Eye    Brown County Reminder    Shopper
   St James    Town and Country Shopper    Shopper
Colorado    LaJunta   

LaJunta Tribune Democrat

www.lajuntatribunedemocrat.com

   Daily
   LaJunta   

The Ag Journal

www.agjournalonline.com

   Paid Weekly
   LaJunta   

The Fowler Tribune

www.fowlertribune.com

   Paid Weekly
   Las Pimas   

Bent County Democrat

www.bcdemocratonline.com

   Paid Weekly

 

21


Table of Contents

Midwest Region

 

State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

Missouri    Boonville   

Boonville Daily News

www.boonvilledailynews.com

   Daily
   Camdenton   

Lake Sun Leader

www.lakenewsonline.com

   Daily
   Carthage   

The Carthage Press

www.carthagepress.com

   Daily
   Chillicothe   

Constitution Tribune

www.chillicothenews.com

   Daily
   Hannibal   

Hannibal Courier Post

www.hannibal.net

   Daily
   Independence   

The Examiner

www.examiner.net

   Daily
   Kirksville   

Kirksville Daily Express & News

www.kirksvilledailyexpress.com

   Daily
   Macon   

Chronicle Herald

www.maconch.com

   Daily
   Maryville   

Maryville Daily Forum

www.maryvilledailyforum.com

   Daily
   Mexico   

The Mexico Ledger

www.mexicoledger.com

   Daily
   Moberly   

Moberly Monitor Index

www.moberlymonitor.com

   Daily
   Neosho   

Neosho Daily News

www.neoshodailynews.com

   Daily
   Rolla   

Rolla Daily News

www.therolladailynews.com

   Daily
   Waynesville   

The Daily Guide

www.waynesvilledailyguide.com

   Daily
   Aurora   

Aurora Advertiser

www.auroraadvertiser.net

   Paid Weekly
   Brookfield   

The Linn County Leader

www.linncountyleader.com

   Paid Weekly
   Greenfield   

The Vedette

www.greenfieldvedette.com

   Paid Weekly
   St James   

St James Leader Journal

www.leaderjournal.com

   Paid Weekly
   Camdenton   

West Side Star

www.lakenewsonline.com

   Free Weekly
   Carthage    The Carthage Press Scope    Free Weekly
   Eldon    Eldon Standard    Free Weekly
   Neosho    The Neighborhood Showcase    Free Weekly
   Osage Beach    Lake Area News Focus    Free Weekly
   Osage Beach    Lake of the Ozarks Real Estate    Free Weekly
   Osage Beach    Tube Tab    Free Weekly
   Osage Beach    Vacation News    Free Weekly
   Rolla    Rolla Daily News “Plus”    Free Weekly
   Aurora    Big AA Shopper    Shopper
   Boonville    The Record    Shopper
   Brookfield    Sho-Me Shopper    Shopper

 

22


Table of Contents

State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

   Camdenton    Penny Saver    Shopper
   Chillicothe    C.T. Extra    Shopper
   Greenfield    Lake Stockton Shopper    Shopper
   Hannibal    Salt River Journal    Shopper
   Independence    The Extra    Shopper
   Joplin    Big Nickel    Shopper
   Kirksville    Nemo Trader    Shopper
   Kirksville    Kirksville Crier    Shopper
   Macon   

Macon Journal

www.maconch.com

   Shopper
   Maryville    Penny Press 2    Shopper
   Moberly    The Shopper    Shopper
   Osage Beach    Lake of the Ozarks Boats    Shopper
   Waynesville    Pulaski County Weekly    Shopper
Kansas    Augusta   

Augusta Daily Gazette

www.augustagazette.com

   Daily
   Dodge City   

Dodge City Daily Globe

www.dodgeglobe.com

   Daily
   El Dorado   

The El Dorado Times

www.eldoradotimes.com

   Daily
   Leavenworth   

The Leavenworth Times

www.leavenworthtimes.com

   Daily
   McPherson   

McPherson Sentinel

www.mcphersonsentinel.com

   Daily
   Newton   

The Newton Kansan

www.thekansan.com

   Daily
   Pittsburg   

The Morning Sun

www.morningsun.net

   Daily
   Pratt   

The Pratt Tribune

www.pratttribune.com

   Daily
   Wellington   

Wellington Daily News

www.wellingtondailynews.com

   Daily
   Greensburg   

Kiowa County Signal

www.kiowacountysignal.com

   Paid Weekly
   St John   

St John News

www.sjnewsonline.com

   Paid Weekly
   Dodge City    La Estrella    Free Weekly
   Leavenworth    Lansing This Week    Free Weekly
   Leavenworth   

The Fort Leavenworth Lamp

www.ftleavenworthlamp.com

   Free Weekly
   Augusta    Augusta Advertiser    Shopper
   Dodge City    Shoppers Weekly    Shopper
   El Dorado    Shoppers Guide    Shopper
   Hiawatha    Penny Press 4    Shopper
   Leavenworth    Chronicle Shopper    Shopper
   McPherson    South Central Kansas Shoppers Guide    Shopper
   Newton    Prairie Shopper    Shopper
   Pittsburg    The Sunland Shopper    Shopper
   Pratt    Sunflower Shopper    Shopper
   Wellington    The Weekender    Shopper

 

23


Table of Contents

State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

   Andover    www.andoveramerican.com    On-line Only
Louisiana    Bastrop   

The Bastrop Daily Enterprise

www.bastropenterprise.com

   Daily
   DeRidder   

Beauregard Daily News

www.beauregarddailynews.net

   Daily
   Leesville   

Leesville Daily Leader

www.leesvilledailyleader.com

   Daily
   Sulphur   

Southwest Daily News

www.sulphurdailynews.com

   Daily
   Donaldsonville    The Donaldsonville Chief    Paid Weekly
   Gonzales   

Gonzales Weekly Citizen

www.weeklycitizen.com

   Paid Weekly
   Plaquemine   

Post South

www.postsouth.com

   Paid Weekly
   Sulphur    Vinton News    Paid Weekly
   Sterlington    North Quachita Weekly    Free Weekly
   Gonzales   

The Marketeer

www.weeklycitizen.com

   Shopper
   Gonzales   

Nickel Ads

www.weeklycitizen.com

   Shopper
   Plaquemine   

West Bank Shopper

www.postsouth.com

   Shopper
   Sulphur    Calcasieu Shopper    Shopper
Arkansas    Arkadelphia   

Daily Siftings Herald

www.siftingsherald.com

   Daily
   Hope   

Hope Star

www.hopestar.com

   Daily
   Stuttgart   

Stuttgart Daily Leader

www.stuttgartdailyleader.com

   Daily
   Gurdon   

Gurdon Times

www.picayune-times.com

   Paid Weekly
   Heber Springs   

The Sun Times

www.thesuntimes.com

   Paid Weekly
   Helena   

The Daily World

www.helena-arkansas.com

   Paid Weekly
   Hope   

Nevada County Picayune

www.picayune-times.com

   Paid Weekly
   Newport   

Newport Independent

www.newportindependent.com

   Paid Weekly
   White Hall   

The White Hall Journal

www.whitehalljournal.com

   Paid Weekly
   Arkadelphia   

Arkadelphia Extra

www.siftingsherald.com

   Free Weekly
   Helena   

Daily World TMC

www.helena-arkansas.com

   Free Weekly
   Hope   

Star Extra

www.hopestar.com

   Free Weekly
   Stuttgart   

The Xtra

www.stuttgartdailyleader.com

   Free Weekly
   White Hall    The Arsenel Sentinel    Free Weekly

 

24


Table of Contents

State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

Minnesota    Crookston   

Crookston Daily Times

www.crookstontimes.com

   Daily
   Halstad    The Valley Journal    Paid Weekly
   Crookston    Crookston Valley Shopper    Shopper
   Halstad    The Shopper    Shopper
Oklahoma    Ardmore   

The Daily Ardmoreite

www.ardmoreite.com

   Daily
   Shawnee   

The Shawnee News-Star

www.news-star.com

   Daily
   McLoud    Friday Gazette    Paid Weekly
   Ardmore    Entertainment Spotlight    Shopper
Nebraska    Nebraska City   

Nebraska City News Press

www.ncnewspress.com

   Paid Weekly
   Syracuse   

Syracuse Journal Democrat

www.journaldemocrat.com

   Paid Weekly
   Nebraska City    Penny Press 1    Shopper
North Dakota    Devils Lake   

Devils Lake Daily Journal

www.devilslakejournal.com

   Daily
   Devils Lake    The Country Peddler    Shopper
Iowa    Hamburg   

Hamburg Reporter

www.hamburgreporter.com

   Paid Weekly
Tennessee    Oak Ridge   

The Oak Ridger

www.oakridger.com

   Daily

 

25


Table of Contents

New England Region

 

State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

Massachusetts    Brockton   

The Enterprise

www.enterprisenews.com

   Daily
   Fall River   

The Herald News

www.heraldnews.com

   Daily
   Framingham   

The Metrowest Daily News

www.metrowestdailynews.com

   Daily
   Milford   

The Milford Daily Gazette

www.milforddailynews.com

   Daily
   Quincy   

Patriot Ledger

www.patriotledger.com

   Daily
   Taunton    Taunton Daily Gazette    Daily
   Abington   

Abington Mariner/Rockland Standard

www.wickedlocal.com/abington/ www.wickedlocal.com/rockland

   Paid Weekly
   Acton/Roxborough   

The Beacon

www.wickedlocal.com/acton

   Paid Weekly
   Allston   

Allston/Brighton Tab

www.wickedlocal.com/allston

   Paid Weekly
   Amesbury   

Amesbury News

www.wickedlocal.com/amesbury

   Paid Weekly
   Arlington   

The Arlington Advocate

www.wickedlocal.com/arlington

   Paid Weekly
   Ashland   

Ashland Tab

www.wickedlocal.com/ashland

   Paid Weekly
   Bedford   

Bedford Minuteman

www.wickedlocal.com/bedford

   Paid Weekly
   Belmont   

Belmont Citizen-Herald

www.wickedlocal.com/belmont

   Paid Weekly
   Beverly   

Beverly Citizen

www.wickedlocal.com/beverly

   Paid Weekly
   Billerica   

Billerica Minuteman

www.wickedlocal.com/billerica

   Paid Weekly
   Bolton   

The Bolton Common

www.wickedlocal.com/bolton

   Paid Weekly
   Boxford   

Tri-Town Transcript

www.wickedlocal.com/boxford

   Paid Weekly
   Braintree   

Braintree Forum

www.wickedlocal.com/braintree

   Paid Weekly
   Brewster   

The Cape Codder

www.wickedlocal.com/brewster

   Paid Weekly
   Burlington   

Burlington Union

www.wickedlocal.com/burlington

   Paid Weekly
   Cambridge   

Cambridge Chronicle

www.wickedlocal.com/cambridge

   Paid Weekly
   Canton   

Canton Journal

www.wickedlocal.com/canton

   Paid Weekly
   Carver   

Carver Reporter

www.wickedlocal.com/carver

   Paid Weekly

 

26


Table of Contents

State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

   Chelmsford   

Chelmsford Independent

www.wickedlocal.com/chelmsford

   Paid Weekly
   Clinton   

The Lancaster Times & Clinton Courier

www.wickedlocal.com/clinton

   Paid Weekly
   Cohasset   

Cohasset Mariner

www.wickedlocal.com/cohasset

   Paid Weekly
   Concord   

The Concord Journal

www.wickedlocal.com/concord

   Paid Weekly
   Danvers   

Danvers Herald

www.wickedlocal.com/danvers

   Paid Weekly
   Dedham   

Dedham Transcript

www.dailynewstranscript.com

   Paid Weekly
   Dover   

Dover/Sherborn Press

www.wickedlocal.com/dover

   Paid Weekly
   Easton   

Easton Journal

www.wickedlocal.com/easton

   Paid Weekly
   Framingham   

Westwood Press

www.wickedlocal.com/westwood

   Paid Weekly
   Georgetown   

Georgetown Record

www.wickedlocal.com/georgetown

   Paid Weekly
   Halifax   

Halifax/Plympton Reporter

www.wickedlocal.com/halifax

   Paid Weekly
   Hamilton   

Hamilton-Wenham Chronicle

www.wickedlocal.com/hamilton

   Paid Weekly
   Hanover   

Hanover Mariner

www.wickedlocal.com/hanover

   Paid Weekly
   Harvard   

Harvard Post

www.wickedlocal.com/harvard

   Paid Weekly
   Harwich   

Harwich Oracle

www.wickedlocal.com/harwich

   Paid Weekly
   Hingham   

The Hingham Journal

www.wickedlocal.com/hingham

   Paid Weekly
   Holbrook   

Holbrook Sun

www.wickedlocal.com/holbrook

   Paid Weekly
   Holliston   

Holliston Tab

www.wickedlocal.com/holliston

   Paid Weekly
   Hopkinton   

Hopkinton Crier

www.wickedlocal.com/hopkinton

   Paid Weekly
   Hudson   

Hudson Sun

www.wickedlocal.com/hudson

   Paid Weekly
   Hyannis   

The Register

www.wickedlocal.com/barnstable

   Paid Weekly
   Ipswich   

Ipswich Chronicle

www.wickedlocal.com/ipswich

   Paid Weekly
   Kingston   

Kingston Reporter

www.wickedlocal.com/kingston

   Paid Weekly
   Lexington   

Lexington Minuteman

www.wickedlocal.com/lexington

   Paid Weekly
   Lincoln   

Lincoln Journal

www.wickedlocal.com/lincoln

   Paid Weekly

 

27


Table of Contents

State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

   Littleton   

Littleton Independent

www.wickedlocal.com/littleton

   Paid Weekly
   Malden   

Malden Observer

www.wickedlocal.com/malden

   Paid Weekly
   Mansfield   

Mansfield News

www.wickedlocal.com/mansfield

   Paid Weekly
   Marblehead   

Marblehead Reporter

www.wickedlocal.com/marblehead

   Paid Weekly
   Marion   

The Sentinel

www.wickedlocal.com/marion

   Paid Weekly
   Marlborough   

Marlborough Enterprise

www.wickedlocal.com/marlborough

   Paid Weekly
   Marshfield   

Marshfield Mariner

www.wickedlocal.com/marshfield

   Paid Weekly
   Maynard/Stow   

The Beacon-Villager

www.wickedlocal.com/maynard

   Paid Weekly
   Medfield   

Medfield Press

www.wickedlocal.com/medfield

   Paid Weekly
   Medford   

Medford Transcript

www.wickedlocal.com/medford

   Paid Weekly
   Melrose   

Melrose Free Press

www.wickedlocal.com/melrose

   Paid Weekly
   Natick   

Natick Bulletin & Tab

www.wickedlocal.com/natick

   Paid Weekly
   North Andover   

North Andover Citizen

www.wickedlocal.com/northandover

   Paid Weekly
   Northborough/Southborough   

The Northborough/Southborough Villager

www.wickedlocal.com/northborough

   Paid Weekly
   Norton   

Norton Mirror

www.wickedlocal.com/norton

   Paid Weekly
   Norwell   

Norwell Mariner

www.wickedlocal.com/norwell

   Paid Weekly
   Norwood   

Norwood Transcript & Bulletin

www.wickedlocal.com/norwood

   Paid Weekly
   Pembroke   

Pembroke Mariner & Reporter

www.wickedlocal.com/pembroke

   Paid Weekly
   Plymouth   

Old Colony Memorial

www.wickedlocal.com/plymouth

   Paid Weekly
   Provincetown   

The Provincetown Banner

www.wickedlocal.com/provincetown

   Paid Weekly
   Reading   

The Reading Advocate

www.wickedlocal.com/reading

   Paid Weekly
   Roslindale   

Roslindale Transcript

www.wickedlocal.com/roslindale

   Paid Weekly
   Saugus   

Saugus Advertiser

www.wickedlocal.com/saugus

   Paid Weekly
   Scituate   

Scituate Mariner

www.wickedlocal.com/scituate

   Paid Weekly
   Sharon   

Sharon Advocate

www.wickedlocal.com/sharon

   Paid Weekly

 

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State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

   Shrewsbury   

Shrewsbury Chronicle

www.wickedlocal.com/shrewsbury

   Paid Weekly
   Somerville   

Somerville Journal

www.wickedlocal.com/somerville

   Paid Weekly
   Stoughton   

Stoughton Journal

www.wickedlocal.com/stoughton

   Paid Weekly
   Sudbury   

The Sudbury Town Crier

www.wickedlocal.com/sudbury

   Paid Weekly
   Swampscott   

Swampscott Reporter

www.wickedlocal.com/swampscott

   Paid Weekly
   Tewksbury   

Tewksbury Reporter

www.wickedlocal.com/tewksbury

   Paid Weekly
   Wakefield   

Wakefield Observer

www.wickedlocal.com/wakefield

   Paid Weekly
   Walpole   

The Walpole Times

www.wickedlocal.com/walpole

   Paid Weekly
   Waltham   

Waltham News Tribune

www.wickedlocal.com/waltham

   Paid Weekly
   Wareham   

Wareham Courier

www.wickedlocal.com/wareham

   Paid Weekly
   Watertown   

Watertown Tab & Press

www.wickedlocal.com/watertown

   Paid Weekly
   Wayland   

The Wayland Town Crier

www.wickedlocal.com/wayland

   Paid Weekly
   Wellesley   

The Wellesley Townsman

www.wickedlocal.com/wellesley

   Paid Weekly
   West Roxbury   

West Roxbury Transcript

www.wickedlocal.com/west-roxbury

   Paid Weekly
   Westborough   

Westborough News

www.wickedlocal.com/westborough

   Paid Weekly
   Westford   

Westford Eagle

www.wickedlocal.com/westford

   Paid Weekly
   Weston   

The Weston Town Crier

www.wickedlocal.com/weston

   Paid Weekly
   Weymouth   

Weymouth News

www.wickedlocal.com/weymouth

   Paid Weekly
   Winchester   

The Winchester Star

www.wickedlocal.com/winchester

   Paid Weekly
   Bellingham   

County Gazette

www.wickedlocal.com/franklin

   Free Weekly
   Bourne   

Bourne Courier

www.wickedlocal.com/bourne

   Free Weekly
   Bridgewater   

Bridgewater Independent

www.wickedlocal.com/bridgewater

   Free Weekly
   Brookline   

Brookline Tab

www.wickedlocal.com/brookline

   Free Weekly
   Cambridge   

Cambridge Tab

www.wickedlocal.com/cambridge

   Free Weekly
   Danvers    North Shore Sunday    Free Weekly
   Duxbury   

Duxbury Reporter

www.wickedlocal.com/duxbury

   Free Weekly

 

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Table of Contents

State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

   Falmouth   

Falmouth Bulletin

www.wickedlocal.com/falmouth

   Free Weekly
   Framingham   

Framingham Tab

www.wickedlocal.com/framingham

   Free Weekly
   Gloucester    Cape Ann Beacon    Free Weekly
   Lakeville   

Lakeville Call

www.wickedlocal.com/lakeville

   Free Weekly
   Needham   

Needham Times

www.wickedlocal.com/needham

   Free Weekly
   Newburyport   

The Newburyport Current

www.wickedlocal.com/newburyport

   Free Weekly
   Newton   

Newton Tab

www.wickedlocal.com/newton

   Free Weekly
   North Attleborough   

The North Attleborough Free Press

www.wickedlocal.com/northattleborough

   Free Weekly
   Randolph   

Randolph Herald

www.wickedlocal.com/randolph

   Free Weekly
   Raynham   

Raynham Call

www.wickedlocal.com/raynham

   Free Weekly
   Salem   

Salem Gazette

www.wickedlocal.com/salem

   Free Weekly
   Sandwich    Sandwich Broadsider    Free Weekly
   Stoneham   

Stoneham Sun

www.wickedlocal.com/stoneham

   Free Weekly
   Wilmington   

Wilmington Advocate

www.wickedlocal.com/wilmington

   Free Weekly
   Woburn   

Woburn Advocate

www.wickedlocal.com/woburn

   Free Weekly
   Fall River    South Coast Life    Shopper
   Taunton    Yellow Jacket    Shopper
   Avon    www.wickedlocal.com/avon    On-line Only
   Bellingham    www.wickedlocal.com/bellingham    On-line Only
   Berkley    www.wickedlocal.com/berkley    On-line Only
   Boxborough    www.wickedlocal.com/boxborough    On-line Only
   Brewster    www.wickedlocal.com/brewster    On-line Only
   Brockton    www.wickedlocal.com/brockton    On-line Only
   Chatham    www.wickedlocal.com/chatham    On-line Only
   Danvers    www.wickedlocal.com/northshoresunday    On-line Only
   Dennis    www.wickedlocal.com/dennis    On-line Only
   Dighton    www.wickedlocal.com/dighton    On-line Only
   East Bridgewater    www.wickedlocal.com/bridgewatereast    On-line Only
   Eastham    www.wickedlocal.com/eastham    On-line Only
   Essex    www.wickedlocal.com/essex    On-line Only
   Fall River    www.wickedlocal.com/fall-river    On-line Only
   Foxborough    www.wickedlocal.com/foxborough    On-line Only
   Gloucester    www.wickedlocal.com/gloucester    On-line Only
   Hanson    www.wickedlocal.com/hanson    On-line Only
   Hopedale    www.wickedlocal.com/hopedale    On-line Only
   Hull    www.wickedlocal.com/hull    On-line Only
   Lancaster    www.wickedlocal.com/lancaster    On-line Only
   Manchester    www.wickedlocal.com/manchester    On-line Only

 

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Table of Contents

State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

   Mashpee    www.wickedlocal.com/mashpee    On-line Only
   Mattapoisett    www.wickedlocal.com/mattapoisett    On-line Only
   Medway    www.wickedlocal.com/medway    On-line Only
   Mendon    www.wickedlocal.com/mendon    On-line Only
   Middleborough    www.wickedlocal.com/middleborough    On-line Only
   Middleton    www.wickedlocal.com/middleton    On-line Only
   Milford    www.wickedlocal.com/milford    On-line Only
   Millis    www.wickedlocal.com/millis    On-line Only
   Milton    www.wickedlocal.com/milton    On-line Only
   Nantucket    www.wickedlocal.com/nantucket    On-line Only
   Norfolk    www.wickedlocal.com/norfolk    On-line Only
   North Boston    www.wickedlocal.com/northofboston    On-line Only
   Orleans    www.wickedlocal.com/orleans    On-line Only
   Plainville    www.wickedlocal.com/plainville    On-line Only
   Plympton    www.wickedlocal.com/plympton    On-line Only
   Quincy    www.wickedlocal.com/quincy    On-line Only
   Rehoboth    www.wickedlocal.com/rehoboth    On-line Only
   Rochester    www.wickedlocal.com/rochester    On-line Only
   Rockport    www.wickedlocal.com/rockport    On-line Only
   Sandwich    www.wickedlocal.com/sandwich    On-line Only
   Sharon    www.wickedlocal.com/sharon    On-line Only
   Sherborn    www.wickedlocal.com/sherborn    On-line Only
   Somerset    www.wickedlocal.com/somerset    On-line Only
   South Borough    www.wickedlocal.com/southborough    On-line Only
   Stow    www.wickedlocal.com/stow    On-line Only
   Swansea    www.wickedlocal.com/swansea    On-line Only
   Taunton    www.wickedlocal.com/taunton    On-line Only
   Topsfield    www.wickedlocal.com/topsfield    On-line Only
   Truro    www.wickedlocal.com/truro    On-line Only
   Upton    www.wickedlocal.com/upton    On-line Only
   Wellflee    www.wickedlocal.com/wellfleet    On-line Only
   Wenham    www.wickedlocal.com/wenham    On-line Only
   West Bridgewater    www.wickedlocal.com/bridgewaterwest    On-line Only
   West Port    www.wickedlocal.com/westport    On-line Only
   Whitman    www.wickedlocal.com/whitman    On-line Only
   Wrentham    www.wickedlocal.com/wrentham    On-line Only
   Yarmouth    www.wickedlocal.com/yarmouth    On-line Only
Connecticut    Norwich   

Norwich Bulletin

www.norwichbulletin.com

   Daily
   Colchester   

Colchester Bulletin

www.norwichbulletin.com/mysource/colchesterbulletin

   Free Weekly
   Hebron   

Hebron Bulletin

www.norwichbulletin.com/mysource/hebronbulletin

   Free Weekly
   Norwich    Shop Local Town and County    Shopper

 

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Table of Contents

Atlantic Region

 

State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

New York    Canandaigua   

Daily Messenger

www.mpnnow.com /

www.adnetdirect.net

   Daily
   Corning   

The Leader

www.the-leader.com

   Daily
   Herkimer   

The Evening Telegram

www.herkimertelegram.com

   Daily
   Hornell   

Evening Tribune

www.eveningtribune.com

   Daily
   Little Falls   

The Evening Times

www.littlefallstimes.com

   Daily
   Utica   

Utica Observer-Dispatch

www.uticaod.com

   Daily
   Wellsville   

Wellsville Daily Reporter

www.wellsvilledaily.com

   Daily
   Brighton/Pittsford   

Brighton-Pittsford Post

www.brightonpittsfordpost.com

   Paid Weekly
   Dansville   

Genesee Country Express

www.dansvilleonline.com

   Paid Weekly
   Fairport   

Fairport-ER Post

www.fairport-erpost.com

   Paid Weekly
   Gates/Chili   

Gates-Chili Post

www.gateschilipost.com

   Paid Weekly
   Greece   

Greece Post

www.greecepost.com

   Paid Weekly
   Irondequoit   

Irondequoit Post

www.irondequiotpost.com

   Paid Weekly
   Newark/Palmyra   

Wayne Post

www.waynepost.com

   Paid Weekly
   Penfield   

Penfield Post

www.penfieldpost.com

   Paid Weekly
   Penn Yan   

The Chronicle-Express

www.chronicle-express.com

   Paid Weekly
   Rush/Henrietta   

Rush-Henrietta Post

www.henriettapost.com

   Paid Weekly
   Saugerties    Saugerties Post Star    Paid Weekly
   Victor   

Victor Post

www.victorpost.com

   Paid Weekly
   Webster   

Webster Post

www.websterpost.com

   Paid Weekly
   Bath    Steuben Courier-Advocate    Free Weekly
   Canandaigua    Canandaigua Community Post    Free Weekly
   Hamilton    Mid-York Weekly    Free Weekly
   Utica    Utica Pennysaver    Free Weekly
   Cansiteo    Hornell Canisteo Penn-E-Saver    Shopper
   Corning    Corning Pennysaver    Shopper
   Dansville    Dansville-Wayland Pennysaver    Shopper
   Herkimer    Images    Shopper
   Hornell    The Tribune Extra    Shopper

 

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Table of Contents

State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

   Horseheads    The Shopper    Shopper
   Liberty    Catskill Shopper    Shopper
   Lyons    Lyons Shopping Guide    Shopper
   Newark    Newark Pennysaver    Shopper
   Penn Yan    Chronicle Ad-Visor    Shopper
   Saugerties    Saugerties Pennysaver    Shopper
   Saugerties    Mountain Pennysaver    Shopper
   Sodus    Sodus Pennysaver    Shopper
   Utica    Rome Pennysaver    Shopper
   Wayne County    Timesaver    Shopper
   Wellsville    Allegany County Pennysaver    Shopper
Pennsylvania    Honesdale   

The Wayne Independent

www.wayneindependent.com

   Daily
   Waynesboro   

The Record Herald

www.therecordherald.com

   Daily
   Carbondale    The Villager    Paid Weekly
   Carbondale    Carbondale News    Paid Weekly
   Greencastle   

The Echo Pilot

www.echo-pilot.com

   Paid Weekly
   Hawley   

News Eagle

www.neagle.com

   Paid Weekly
   Hawley    The Pike Pennysaver    Shopper
   Honesdale    The Independent Extra    Shopper
Delaware    Dover   

Smyrna/Clayton Sun Times

www.scsuntimes.com

   Paid Weekly
   Dover   

The Middletown Transcript

www.middletowntranscript.com

   Paid Weekly
   Dover   

The Sussex Countian

www.sussexcountian.com

   Paid Weekly
   Dover    Brandywine Community Publication    Free Weekly
   Dover   

Dover Post

www.doverpost.com

   Free Weekly
   Dover   

Hockessin-Greenville Community Publication

www.communitypub.com

   Free Weekly
   Dover   

Milford Beacon

www.milfordbeacon.com

   Free Weekly
   Dover    The Airlifter    Free Weekly
   Dover   

The Express

www.delmarvaexpress.com

   Shopper
West Virginia    Keyser   

Mineral Daily News Tribune

www.newstribune.info

   Daily
   Ripley   

The Jackson Herald

www.jacksonnewspapers.com

   Paid Weekly
   Ripley   

The Jackson Star News

www.jacksonnewspapers.com

   Paid Weekly
   Keyser    Today’s Shopper    Shopper
   Ravenswood   

Star Herald Weekender

www.jacksonnewspapers.com

   Shopper

 

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Table of Contents

Great Lakes Region

 

State

  

City

  

Masthead

  

Circulation Type

Michigan    Adrian   

The Daily Telegram

www.lenconnect.com

   Daily
   Cheboygan   

Cheboygan Daily Tribune

www.cheboygannews.com

   Daily
   Coldwater   

The Daily Reporter

www.thedailyreporter.com

   Daily
   Hillsdale   

Hillsdale Daily News

www.hillsdale.net

   Daily
   Holland   

The Holland Sentinel

www.hollandsentinel.com

   Daily
   Ionia   

Sentinel-Standard

www.sentinel-standard.com

   Daily
   Sault Ste Marie   

The Evening News

www.sooeveningnews.com

   Daily
   Sturgis   

Sturgis Journal

www.sturgisjournal.com

   Daily
   Coldwater   

Bronson Journal

www.thebronsonjournal.com

   Paid Weekly
   Coldwater    Jonesville Independent    Paid Weekly
   Holland    My Zeeland    Free Weekly
   Adrian   

Adrian Access Shopper

www.lenconnect.com

   Shopper
   Allegan    Flashes Shopping Guide    Shopper
   Cheboygan    Shopper Fair    Shopper
   Coldwater    The Reporter Extra    Shopper
   Coldwater    Coldwater Shoppers Guide    Shopper
   Ionia    Sentinel-Standard TMC    Shopper
   Jonesville    Tip Off    Shopper
   Sault Ste Marie    Tri County Buyers Guide    Shopper
   Sturgis    Sturgis Gateway Shopper    Shopper
Ohio    Canton   

The Repository

www.cantonrepository.com

   Daily
   Dover/New Philadelphia   

The Times-Reporter

www.timesreporter.com

   Daily
   Massillon   

The Independent

www.indeonline.com

   Daily
   Green   

The Suburbanite

www.thesuburbanite.com

   Free Weekly
   Canton    Stark Values    Shopper
   Dover/New Philadelphia    TMC-ExTRa    Shopper

 

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Table of Contents
Item 1A. Risk Factors

Our business and operations are subject to numerous risks, many of which are described below and elsewhere in this report. The risks described below may not be the only risks we face. Additional risks that we do not presently know or that we currently believe to be immaterial may also adversely affect our business and the trading price of our securities.

Risks Related to Our Business

We depend to a great extent on the economies and the demographics of the local communities that we serve and we are also susceptible to general economic downturns, like the one currently being experienced, which has had, and could continue to have, a material and adverse impact on our advertising and circulation revenues and on our profitability.

Our advertising revenues and, to a lesser extent, circulation revenues, depend upon a variety of factors specific to the communities that our publications serve. These factors include, among others, the size and demographic characteristics of the local population, local economic conditions in general and the economic condition of the retail segments of the communities that our publications serve. If the local economy, population or prevailing retail environment of a community we serve experiences a downturn, our publications, revenues and profitability in that market could be adversely affected. Our advertising revenues are also susceptible to negative trends in the general economy, like the one currently being experienced, that affect consumer spending. The advertisers in our newspapers and other publications and related websites are primarily retail businesses, which can be significantly affected by regional or national economic downturns, like the one currently being experienced, and other developments. Continuing or deepening softness in the U.S. economy could significantly affect key advertising revenue categories, such as help wanted, real estate and automotive.

Uncertainty and adverse changes in the general economic conditions of markets in which we participate may negatively affect our business.

Current and future conditions in the economy have an inherent degree of uncertainty. As a result, it is difficult to estimate the level of growth or contraction for the economy as a whole. It is even more difficult to estimate growth or contraction in various parts, sectors and regions of the economy, including the markets in which we participate. Adverse changes may occur as a result of soft global economic conditions, rising oil prices, wavering consumer confidence, unemployment, declines in stock markets, contraction of credit availability, declines in real estate values, or other factors affecting economic conditions in general. These changes may negatively affect the sales of our products, increase exposure to losses from bad debts, increase the cost and decrease the availability of financing, or increase costs associated with publishing and distributing our publications.

Our indebtedness could adversely affect our financial health and reduce the funds available to us for corporate purposes.

We have a significant amount of indebtedness. At December 31, 2010, we had total indebtedness of approximately $1.2 billion under our 2007 Credit Facility. Our interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2010 was $60.0 million.

Our substantial indebtedness could adversely affect our financial health in the following ways:

 

   

a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations must be dedicated to the payment of interest on our outstanding indebtedness, thereby reducing the funds available to us for other purposes;

 

   

our flexibility to react to further deterioration in our industry and economic conditions generally may be limited;

 

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our substantial degree of leverage could make us more vulnerable in the event of additional deterioration in general economic conditions or other adverse events in our business or the geographic markets that we serve;

 

   

our ability to obtain additional financing for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions or general corporate purposes may be impaired, limiting our ability to maintain the value of our assets and operations; and

 

   

there would be a material and adverse effect on our business and financial condition if we are unable to service our indebtedness or obtain additional financing, as needed.

In addition, our 2007 Credit Facility contains financial and other restrictive covenants, ratios and tests that limit our ability to incur additional debt and engage in other activities that we believe may be in our long-term best interests. Our ability to comply with the covenants, ratios or tests contained in our 2007 Credit Facility may be affected by events beyond our control, including prevailing economic, financial and industry conditions. In addition, events of default, if not waived or cured, could result in the acceleration of the maturity of our indebtedness under our 2007 Credit Facility. If we were unable to repay those amounts, the lenders under our 2007 Credit Facility could proceed against the security granted to them to secure that indebtedness. If the lenders accelerate the payment of our indebtedness under our 2007 Credit Facility, our assets may not be sufficient to repay in full such indebtedness.

In addition, a portion of our 2007 Credit Facility is unhedged, which means we are subject to the risk of interest rate fluctuations on such portion of our long-term debt. If the interest rate on such portion of the 2007 Credit Facility increases, it may have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition.

The collectability of accounts receivable under current adverse economic conditions could deteriorate to a greater extent than provided for in our financial statements and in our projections of future results.

Adverse economic conditions in the United States have increased our exposure to losses resulting from the potential bankruptcy of our advertising customers. Our accounts receivable are stated at net estimated realizable value and our allowance for doubtful accounts has been determined based on several factors, including receivable agings, significant individual credit risk accounts and historical experience. If such collectability estimates prove inaccurate, adjustments to future operating results could occur.

Further declines in our credit ratings and renewed volatility in the U.S. credit markets could significantly impact our ability to obtain new financing to fund our operations and strategic initiatives or to refinance our existing debt at reasonable rates as it matures.

Our long-term debt is rated by Standard & Poor’s and Moody’s Investors Service. We are currently rated below-investment grade by both rating agencies, and any future long-term borrowing or the extension or replacement of our short-term borrowing will reflect the negative impact of these ratings, increasing our borrowing costs, limiting our financing options and subjecting us to more restrictive covenants than our existing debt arrangements. Additional reductions in our credit ratings could further increase our borrowing costs, subject us to more onerous terms and reduce or eliminate our borrowing flexibility in the future. Such limitations on our financing options may affect our ability to refinance existing debt when it becomes due.

We may not generate a sufficient amount of cash or generate sufficient funds from operations to fund our operations or repay our indebtedness at maturity or otherwise.

Our ability to make payments on our indebtedness as required will depend on our ability to generate cash flow from operations in the future. This ability, to a certain extent, is subject to general economic, financial, competitive, legislative, regulatory and other factors that are beyond our control.

 

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Table of Contents

There can be no assurance that our business will generate cash flow from operations or that future borrowings will be available to us in amounts sufficient to enable us to pay our indebtedness or to fund our other liquidity needs. Currently we do not have the ability to draw upon our revolving credit facility which limits our immediate and short-term access to funds.

If there is a significant increase in the price of newsprint or a reduction in the availability of newsprint, our results of operations and financial condition may suffer.

The basic raw material for our publications is newsprint. We generally maintain only a 45 to 55-day inventory of newsprint, although our participation in a newsprint-buying consortium helps ensure adequate supply. In addition we have an agreement with a newsprint vendor to supply certain of our properties, representing about 75% of our tons, with all their newsprint requirements for calendar year 2011 at a fixed price. An inability to obtain an adequate supply of newsprint at a favorable price or at all in the future could have a material adverse effect on our ability to produce our publications. Historically, the price of newsprint has been volatile, reaching a high of approximately $823 per metric ton in 2008 and dropping to a low of almost $410 per metric ton in 2002. The average price of newsprint for 2010 was approximately $575 per metric ton. Recent and future consolidation of major newsprint suppliers may adversely affect price competition among suppliers. Significant increases in newsprint costs for properties and periods not covered by our newsprint vendor agreement could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

We compete with a large number of companies in the local media industry; if we are unable to compete effectively, our advertising and circulation revenues may decline.

Our business is concentrated in newspapers and other print publications located primarily in small and midsize markets in the United States. Our revenues primarily consist of advertising and paid circulation. Competition for advertising revenues and paid circulation comes from direct mail, directories, radio, television, outdoor advertising, other newspaper publications, the internet and other media. For example, as the use of the internet has increased, we have lost some classified advertising and subscribers to online advertising businesses and our free internet sites that contain abbreviated versions of our publications. Competition for advertising revenues is based largely upon advertiser results, advertising rates, readership, demographics and circulation levels. Competition for circulation is based largely upon the content of the publication and its price and editorial quality. Our local and regional competitors vary from market to market and many of our competitors for advertising revenues are larger and have greater financial and distribution resources than us. We may incur increasing costs competing for advertising expenditures and paid circulation. We may also experience a decline of circulation or print advertising revenue due to alternative media, such as the internet. If we are not able to compete effectively for advertising expenditures and paid circulation, our revenues may decline.

We are undertaking a strategic re-alignment of our business that if unsuccessful could have a material adverse financial impact.

We are undertaking a strategic re-alignment of our business. Among other things we are implementing the standardization and centralization of systems and process, the outsourcing of certain financial processes and the use of new software for our circulation, advertising and editorial systems. As a result of ongoing strategic evaluation and analysis, we have made and will continue to make changes that if unsuccessful could have a material adverse financial impact.

We have invested in growing our digital business, but such investments may not be as successful as expected which could adversely affect our results of operations.

We continue to evaluate our business and how we intend to grow our digital business. Internal resources and effort are put towards this business and key partnerships have been entered into to assist with our digital business. There can be no assurances that the partnerships we have entered into or the internal strategy being employed will result in generating or increasing digital revenues in future years.

 

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Table of Contents

If we are unable to retain and grow our digital audience and advertiser base, our digital businesses will be adversely affected.

Given the ever-growing and rapidly changing number of digital media options available on the internet, we may not be able to increase our online traffic sufficiently and retain or grow a base of frequent visitors to our websites and applications on mobile devices.

Accordingly, we may not be able to create sufficient advertiser interest in our digital businesses and to maintain or increase the advertising rates of the inventory on our websites.

Technological developments and any changes we make to our business model may require significant capital investments. Due to restrictions our 2007 Credit Facility, we are limited in our ability to invest funds and resources in digital opportunities and our ability to undertake research and development in building and maintain the necessary and continually evolving technology infrastructure.

Our business is subject to seasonal and other fluctuations, which affects our revenues and operating results.

Our business is subject to seasonal fluctuations that we expect to continue to be reflected in our operating results in future periods. Our first fiscal quarter of the year tends to be our weakest quarter because advertising volume is at its lowest levels following the December holiday season. Correspondingly, our second and fourth fiscal quarters tend to be our strongest because they include heavy holiday and seasonal advertising. Other factors that affect our quarterly revenues and operating results may be beyond our control, including changes in the pricing policies of our competitors, the hiring and retention of key personnel, wage and cost pressures, distribution costs, changes in newsprint prices and general economic factors.

We could be adversely affected by declining circulation.

Overall daily newspaper circulation, including national and urban newspapers, has declined in recent years. There can be no assurance that our circulation will not continue to decline in the future. We have been able to maintain our annual circulation revenue from existing operations in recent years through, among other things, increases in our per copy prices. However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to continue to increase prices to offset any declines in circulation. Further declines in circulation could impair our ability to maintain or increase our advertising prices, cause purchasers of advertising in our publications to reduce or discontinue those purchases and discourage potential new advertising customers which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

The increasing popularity of digital media could also adversely affect circulation of our newspapers, which may decrease circulation revenue and cause more marked declines in print advertising. If we are not successful in offsetting such declines in revenues from our print products, our business, financial condition and prospects will be adversely affected.

We have a history of losses and may not be able to achieve or maintain profitable operations in the future.

We experienced losses from continuing operations of approximately $26.2 million, $527.4 million and $658.8 million in 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. Our results of operations in the future will depend on many factors, including our ability to execute our business strategy and realize efficiencies through our clustering strategy. Our failure to achieve profitability in the future could adversely affect the trading price of our common stock and our ability to raise additional capital and, accordingly, our ability to grow or maintain our business.

The value of our intangible assets may become impaired, depending upon future operating results.

As of December 31, 2010, goodwill and other intangible assets were approximately $285.4 million, or 52.2% of our total assets. To determine whether all or a portion of the carrying values of our goodwill and other

 

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intangible assets are no longer recoverable, which may require a charge to our earnings, we periodically evaluate such assets. During the year ended December 31, 2010, we performed impairment analyses for goodwill and our other indefinite lived intangible assets. Based on our assessment of future cash flows and recent industry transaction multiples, we determined an impairment charge was not required. Any future evaluations requiring an asset impairment charge for goodwill or other intangible assets could affect future reported results of operations and shareholders’ equity, although such charges would not affect operations or cash flow.

We are subject to environmental and employee safety and health laws and regulations that could cause us to incur significant compliance expenditures and liabilities.

Our operations are subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations pertaining to the environment, storage tanks and the management and disposal of wastes at our facilities. Under various environmental laws, a current or previous owner or operator of real property may be liable for contamination resulting from the release or threatened release of hazardous or toxic substances or petroleum at that property. Such laws often impose liability on the owner or operator without regard to fault and the costs of any required investigation or cleanup can be substantial. Although in connection with certain of our acquisitions, we have rights to indemnification for certain environmental liabilities, these rights may not be sufficient to reimburse us for all losses that we might incur if a property acquired by us has environmental contamination.

Our operations are also subject to various employee safety and health laws and regulations, including those pertaining to occupational injury and illness, employee exposure to hazardous materials and employee complaints. Environmental and employee safety and health laws tend to be complex, comprehensive and frequently changing. As a result, we may be involved from time to time in administrative and judicial proceedings and investigations related to environmental and employee safety and health issues. These proceedings and investigations could result in substantial costs to us, divert our management’s attention and adversely affect our ability to sell, lease or develop our real property. Furthermore, if it is determined we are not in compliance with applicable laws and regulations, or if our properties are contaminated, it could result in significant liabilities, fines or the suspension or interruption of the operations of specific printing facilities.

Future events, such as changes in existing laws and regulations, new laws or regulations or the discovery of conditions not currently known to us, may give rise to additional compliance or remedial costs that could be material.

Sustained increases in costs of employee health and welfare benefits may reduce our profitability and our pension plan obligations are currently unfunded, and we may have to make significant cash contributions to our plans, which could reduce the cash available for our business.

In recent years, we have experienced significant increases in the cost of employee medical benefits because of economic factors beyond our control, including increases in health care costs. At least some of these factors may continue to put upward pressure on the cost of providing medical benefits. Although we have actively sought to control increases in these costs, there can be no assurance that we will succeed in limiting cost increases, and continued upward pressure could reduce the profitability of our businesses.

Our pension and post retirement plans are underfunded (accumulated benefit obligation) by $12.5 million at December 31, 2010. Our pension plan invests in a variety of equity and debt securities, many of which were affected by the disruption in the credit and capital markets in 2010. Future volatility and disruption in the stock markets could cause further declines in the asset values of our pension plans. In addition, a decrease in the discount rate used to determine minimum funding requirements could result in increased future contributions. If either occurs, we may need to make additional pension contributions above what is currently estimated, which could reduce the cash available for our businesses.

 

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We may not be able to protect intellectual property rights upon which our business relies, and if we lose intellectual property protection, our assets may lose value.

Our business depends on our intellectual property, including, but not limited to, our content and services, which we attempt to protect through patents, copyrights, trade laws and contractual restrictions, such as confidentiality agreements. We believe our proprietary and other intellectual property rights are important to our continued success and our competitive position.

Despite our efforts to protect our proprietary rights, unauthorized parties may attempt to copy or otherwise obtain and use our content, services and other intellectual property, and we cannot be certain that the steps we have taken will prevent any misappropriation or confusion among consumers and merchants, or unauthorized use of these rights. If we are unable to procure, protect and enforce our intellectual property rights, we may not realize the full value of these assets, and our business may suffer. If we must litigate to enforce our intellectual property rights or determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others, such litigation may be costly and divert the attention of our management.

We depend on key personnel and we may not be able to operate or grow our business effectively if we lose the services of any of our key personnel or are unable to attract qualified personnel in the future.

The success of our business is heavily dependent on our ability to retain our current management and other key personnel and to attract and retain qualified personnel in the future. Competition for senior management personnel is intense and we may not be able to retain our personnel. Although we have entered into employment agreements with certain of our key personnel, these agreements do not ensure that our key personnel will continue in their present capacity with us for any particular period of time. We do not have key man insurance for any of our current management or other key personnel. The loss of any key personnel would require our remaining key personnel to divert immediate and substantial attention to seeking a replacement. An inability to find a suitable replacement for any departing executive officer on a timely basis could adversely affect our ability to operate or grow our business.

A shortage of skilled or experienced employees in the media industry, or our inability to retain such employees, could pose a risk to achieving improved productivity and reducing costs, which could adversely affect our profitability.

Production and distribution of our various publications requires skilled and experienced employees. A shortage of such employees, or our inability to retain such employees, could have an adverse impact on our productivity and costs, our ability to expand, develop and distribute new products and our entry into new markets. The cost of retaining or hiring such employees could exceed our expectations which could adversely affect our results of operations.

A number of our employees are unionized, and our business and results of operations could be adversely affected if labor negotiations or contracts were to further restrict our ability to maximize the efficiency of our operations.

As of December 31, 2010, we employed approximately 5,946 employees, of whom approximately 864 (or approximately 15%) were represented by 25 unions. 95% of the unionized employees are represented by three of the 25 unions. These three unions are located in our Massachusetts, Illinois and Ohio locations and represent 33%, 35% and 27% of all employees in each of the locations, respectively. Most of our unionized employees work under collective bargaining agreements that expire in 2011 and 2012.

Although our newspapers have not experienced a union strike in the recent past nor do we anticipate a union strike occurring, we cannot preclude the possibility that a strike may occur at one or more of our newspapers. We believe that, in the event of a newspaper strike, we would be able to continue to publish and deliver to subscribers, which is critical to retaining advertising and circulation revenues, although there can be no assurance of this.

 

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Our potential inability to successfully execute cost control measures could result in greater than expected total operating costs.

We have implemented general cost control measures, and expect to continue such cost control efforts. If we do not achieve expected savings as a result of such measures or if our operating costs increase as a result of our growth strategy, our total operating costs may be greater than expected. In addition, reductions in staff and employee benefits could affect our ability to attract and retain key employees.

Our common stock was delisted from the New York Stock Exchange and now is trading in the over-the-counter market.

Effective October 24, 2008, the New York Stock Exchange delisted our common stock. Our common stock is currently quoted on the OTCBQB tier of the Pink Sheets over-the-counter-market under the trading symbol “GHSE”. No assurance can be given that our common stock will continue to be traded on any stock market, that any broker will make a market in our common stock, or that any active trading market in our common stock will exist. Broker-dealers often decline to trade in “pink sheet” stocks given that (i) the market for such securities is often limited, (ii) such securities are generally more volatile, and (iii) the risk to investors is generally greater. Moreover, additional requirements with which broker-dealers must comply generally makes it more difficult for such broker-dealers to recommend that their customers buy securities traded on the “pink sheets.” Consequently, selling our common stock can be difficult because smaller quantities of shares can be bought and sold, transactions can be delayed and securities analyst and media coverage of our Company is reduced. These factors could result in lower prices and larger spreads in the bid and ask prices for shares of our common stock as well as lower trading volume. We cannot provide any assurance that, even if our common stock continues to be listed or quoted on the pink sheets or another market or system, the market for our common stock will be as liquid. This lack of liquidity also could make it even more difficult for us to raise capital in the future, which in turn could have an adverse effect on our business.

Companies which are quoted on the pink sheets are not subject to corporate governance requirements in order for their shares to be quoted. As a result, our stockholders have less protection from conflicts of interest, related party transactions and similar matters.

Our common stock currently trades as an over-the-counter security on the “pink sheets.” Corporate governance requirements are not imposed on companies quoted on the pink sheets. As a result of our delisting from the NYSE, we are not required to comply with any, and our stockholders no longer have the protection of, various NYSE corporate governance requirements, including among others:

 

   

the requirement that a majority of our board of directors consist of independent directors;

 

   

the requirement that a minimum of three members of our board of directors consist of independent directors;

 

   

the requirement that we have an audit committee, a nominating committee and a compensation committee, in each case that is composed entirely of independent directors with a written charter addressing the committee’s purpose and responsibilities;

 

   

the requirement for an annual performance evaluation of the audit, nominating and compensation committees; and

 

   

the requirement that our stockholders must be given the opportunity to vote on equity-compensation plans and material revisions thereto.

We do not anticipate paying any dividends for the foreseeable future.

We suspended the payment of quarterly cash dividends commencing with the second quarter of 2008 and do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on, or making repurchases of, our common stock in the foreseeable future. We intend to retain future earnings, if any, to reduce leverage and increase liquidity, finance the expansion of our operations and for general corporate purposes. In addition, covenants in our 2007 Credit Facility restrict our ability to pay dividends and make certain other payments.

 

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Risks Related to Our Organization and Structure

If the ownership of our common stock continues to be highly concentrated, it may prevent stockholders from influencing significant corporate decisions. Moreover, the interests of our principal stockholder may conflict with interests of our other stockholders.

As of December 31, 2010, Fortress beneficially owned approximately 39.6% of our outstanding common stock. As a result, Fortress will continue to have effective control over fundamental and significant corporate matters and transactions, including but not limited to: the election of directors; mergers, consolidations or acquisitions; the sale of all or substantially all of our assets (or any portion thereof) and other decisions affecting our capital structure; the amendment of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and our amended and restated by-laws; and our dissolution. The interests of Fortress may not always coincide with our interests or the interest of our other stockholders. For example, Fortress could delay, deter or prevent acts that may be favored by our other stockholders such as hostile takeovers, changes in control and changes in management. As a result of such actions, the market price of our common stock could decline or stockholders might not receive a premium for their shares in connection with a change of control transaction.

Fortress has the right to, and has no duty to abstain from exercising such right to, engage or invest in the same or similar business as us.

Fortress, together with its affiliates, has other business activities in addition to their ownership of us. Under our amended and restated certificate of incorporation, Fortress has the right to, and has no duty to abstain from exercising such right to, engage or invest in the same or similar business as us, do business with any of our clients, customers or vendors or employ or otherwise engage any of our officers, directors or employees. If Fortress or any of its affiliates or any of their respective officers, directors or employees acquire knowledge of a potential transaction that could be a corporate opportunity, they have no duty to offer such corporate opportunity to us, our stockholders or our affiliates.

In the event that any of our directors and officers who is also a director, officer or employee of Fortress acquires knowledge of a corporate opportunity or is offered a corporate opportunity, provided that this knowledge was not acquired solely in such person’s capacity as our director or officer and such person acted in good faith, then such person is deemed to have fully satisfied such person’s fiduciary duty and is not liable to us if Fortress pursues or acquires such corporate opportunity or if such person did not present the corporate opportunity to us.

Anti-takeover provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and our amended and restated by-laws may discourage, delay or prevent a merger or acquisition that stockholders may consider favorable or prevent the removal of our current board of directors and management.

Certain provisions of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and our amended and restated by-laws may discourage, delay or prevent a merger or acquisition that stockholders may consider favorable or prevent the removal of our current board of directors and management. We have a number of anti-takeover devices in place that can hinder takeover attempts, including:

 

   

a staggered board of directors consisting of three classes of directors, each of whom serves a three-year term;

 

   

removal of directors only for cause and only with the affirmative vote of at least 80% of the voting interest of stockholders entitled to vote;

 

   

blank-check preferred stock;

 

   

provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated by-laws preventing stockholders from calling special meetings or acting by written consent in lieu of a meeting (with the exception of Fortress, so long as Fortress beneficially owns at least 50% of our issued and outstanding common stock);

 

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advance notice requirements for stockholders with respect to director nominations and actions to be taken at annual meetings; and

 

   

no provision in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation for cumulative voting in the election of directors, which means that the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of our common stock can elect all the directors standing for election.

Our 2007 Credit Facility currently limits our ability to enter into certain change of control transactions, the occurrence of which would constitute an event of default under our 2007 Credit Facility. However, our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law, which restricts certain business combinations with interested stockholders in certain situations, will not apply to us. This may make it easier for a third party to acquire an interest in some or all of us with Fortress’ approval, even though our other stockholders may not deem such an acquisition beneficial to their interests.

We are a holding company and our access to the cash flow of our subsidiaries is subject to restrictions imposed by our indebtedness.

We are a holding company with no material direct operations. Our principal assets are the equity interests we own in our direct subsidiary, GateHouse Media Holdco, Inc. (“Holdco”), through which we indirectly own equity interests in our operating subsidiaries. As a result, we are dependent on loans, dividends and other payments from our subsidiaries to generate the funds necessary to meet our financial obligations. Our subsidiaries are legally distinct from us and have no obligation to make funds available to us. Holdco and certain of its subsidiaries are parties to our 2007 Credit Facility, which imposes restrictions on their ability to make loans, dividend payments or other payments to us. Any payment of dividends to us are subject to the satisfaction of certain financial conditions set forth in our 2007 Credit Facility. Our ability to comply with these conditions may be affected by events that are beyond our control. We expect future borrowings by our subsidiaries to contain restrictions or prohibitions on the payment of dividends to us.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

 

Item 2. Properties

We own and operate 46 print facilities across the United States. Our facilities range in size from approximately 500 to 55,000 square feet. Our executive offices are located in Fairport, New York, where we lease approximately 15,000 square feet under a lease terminating in June 2014.

We maintain our properties in good condition and believe that our current facilities are adequate to meet the present needs of our business. We do not believe any individual property is material to our financial condition or results of operations.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

We become involved from time to time in claims and lawsuits incidental to the ordinary course of our business, including such matters as libel, invasion of privacy, intellectual property infringement, wrongful termination actions, and complaints alleging discrimination. In addition, we are involved from time to time in governmental and administrative proceedings concerning employment, labor, environmental and other claims. Insurance coverage mitigates potential loss for certain of these matters. Historically, such claims and proceedings have not had a material adverse effect upon our consolidated results of operations or financial condition. While we are unable to predict the ultimate outcome of any currently outstanding legal actions, we believe that it is not a likely possibility that the disposition of these matters would have a material adverse effect upon our consolidated results of operations, financial condition or cash flow.

 

Item 4. (Removed and Reserved)

 

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PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Market Information

Our common stock is currently quoted over-the-counter on the OTCQB tier of the pink sheets over-the-counter under the trading symbol “GHSE”. The following table shows the high and low sale bid information of our common stock as reported on the OTCQBT tier of the pink sheets for the periods indicated. Reported prices from the pink sheets reflect intermediate prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down or commission and may not necessarily represent actual transactions.

 

     High      Low  

Year Ended December 31, 2010

     

Fourth Quarter

   $ 0.15       $ 0.08   

Third Quarter

   $ 0.17       $ 0.08   

Second Quarter

   $ 0.30       $ 0.12   

First Quarter

   $ 0.25       $ 0.09   

Year Ended December 31, 2009

     

Fourth Quarter

   $ 0.43       $ 0.15   

Third Quarter

   $ 0.25       $ 0.06   

Second Quarter

   $ 0.45       $ 0.06   

First Quarter

   $ 0.10       $ 0.04   

The closing sale price for our common stock as reported on the over-the-counter market on February 25, 2011 was $0.16 per share. As of that date, there were approximately 175 holders of record and approximately 4,743 beneficial owners registered in nominee and street name.

Dividends

We suspended the payment of quarterly dividends commencing with the second quarter of 2008 and we do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. In addition, covenants in our 2007 Credit Facility and other credit facilities restrict our ability to pay dividends or make certain other payments.

 

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Item 6. Selected Financial Data

The following table presents our selected historical financial data as of and for each of the years in the five year period ended December 31, 2010. The information in this table should be read in conjunction with the information under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”, “Business” and our historical consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto included elsewhere in this report.

 

    Year Ended
December 31,
2010
    Year Ended
December 31,
2009
    Year Ended
December 31,
2008
    Year Ended
December 31,
2007(2)
    Year Ended
December 31,
2006(3)
 
    (In Thousands, Except Per Share Data)  

Statement of Operations Data:

         

Revenues:

         

Advertising

  $ 395,618      $ 409,484      $ 492,251      $ 424,974        232,130   

Circulation

    136,377        142,023        145,653        117,023        50,868   

Commercial printing and other

    26,593        33,286        40,835        32,928        23,193   
                                       

Total revenues

    558,588        584,793        678,739        574,925        306,191   

Operating costs and expenses:

         

Operating costs

    314,873        335,535        382,266        309,633        156,697   

Selling, general and administrative

    149,970        165,007        186,249        154,406        88,578   

Depreciation and amortization

    46,118        55,749        69,913        57,092        23,610   

Integration and reorganization costs and management fees paid to prior owner

    2,470        2,029        7,113        7,490        4,486   

Impairment of long-lived assets

    430        206,089        123,717        1,553        917   

(Gain) loss on sale of assets

    1,540        (418     337        1,496        700   

Goodwill and mastheads impairment

    —          275,310        488,543        225,820        —     
                                       

Operating income (loss)

    43,187        (454,508     (579,399     (182,565     31,203   

Interest expense, amortization of deferred financing costs, loss on early extinguishment of debt, gain on derivative instruments and other

    69,533        72,519        100,535        83,461        37,458   
                                       

Loss from continuing operations before income taxes

    (26,346     (527,027     (679,934     (266,026     (6,255

Income tax expense (benefit)

    (155     342        (21,139     (31,861     (3,769
                                       

Loss from continuing operations

    (26,191     (527,369     (658,795     (234,165     (2,486

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

    (449     (3,243     (14,511     2,741        912   
                                       

Net loss

  $ (26,640   $ (530,612   $ (673,306   $ (231,424   $ (1,574

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

    596        510        —          —          —     
                                       

Net loss attributable to GateHouse Media

  $ (26,044   $ (530,102   $ (673,306   $ (231,424   $ (1,574
                                       

Basic net loss from continuing operations attributable to GateHouse Media per share

  $ (0.44   $ (9.18   $ (11.55   $ (5.05     (0.10

Diluted loss from continuing operations attributable to GateHouse Media per share

  $ (0.44   $ (9.18   $ (11.55   $ (5.05     (0.10

Basic net loss attributable to GateHouse Media common stockholders per share

  $ (0.45   $ (9.24   $ (11.80   $ (4.99     (0.06

Diluted net loss attributable to GateHouse Media common stockholders per share

  $ (0.45   $ (9.24   $ (11.80   $ (4.99     (0.06

Other Data:

         

Adjusted EBITDA(1)

  $ 89,873      $ 81,989      $ 102,833      $ 101,884      $ 55,746   

Cash interest paid

  $ 59,317      $ 67,950      $ 89,677      $ 74,910      $ 38,459   

 

(1)

We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) from continuing operations before income tax expense (benefit), interest/financing expense, depreciation and amortization and non-cash impairments. Adjusted EBITDA is not a measurement of financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered in isolation or as an alternative to income from operations, net income (loss), cash flow from continuing operating activities or any other measure of performance or liquidity derived in accordance with GAAP. We believe this non-GAAP measure, as we have defined it, is helpful in identifying trends in our day-to-day performance because the items excluded have little or no significance in

 

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our day-to-day operations. This measure provides an assessment of controllable expenses and affords management the ability to make decisions which are expected to facilitate meeting current financial goals as well as achieve optimal financial performance. Adjusted EBITDA provides an indicator for management to determine if adjustments to current spending decisions are needed.

Adjusted EBITDA provides us with a measure of financial performance, independent of items that are beyond the control of management in the short-term, such as depreciation and amortization, taxation and interest expense associated with our capital structure. This metric measures our financial performance based on operational factors that management can impact in the short-term, namely our cost structure or expenses of the organization. Adjusted EBITDA is one of the metrics used by senior management and the board of directors to review the financial performance of our business on a monthly basis.

Not all companies calculate Adjusted EBITDA using the same methods; therefore, the Adjusted EBITDA figures set forth herein may not be comparable to Adjusted EBITDA reported by other companies. A substantial portion of our Adjusted EBITDA must be dedicated to the payment of interest on our outstanding indebtedness and to service other commitments, thereby reducing the funds available to us for other purposes. Accordingly, Adjusted EBITDA does not represent an amount of funds that is available for management’s discretionary use. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Item 7 of this report.

 

(2) Includes the results of the newspapers acquired from the Journal Register Company, the acquisition of SureWest Directories, the newspapers acquired from The Copley Press, Inc., the newspapers acquired from Gannett Co. Inc. and the newspapers acquired from Morris Publishing Group since their acquisitions on February 9, 2007, February 28, 2007, April 11, 2007, May 7, 2007 and November 30, 2007, respectively.

 

(3) Includes the results of CP Media and Enterprise NewsMedia, LLC since their acquisitions on June 6, 2006.

The table below shows the reconciliation of income (loss) from continuing operations to Adjusted EBITDA for the periods presented:

 

    Year Ended
December 31,
2010
    Year Ended
December 31,
2009
    Year Ended
December 31,
2008
    Year Ended
December 31,
2007
    Year Ended
December 31,
2006
 
    (In Thousands)  

Loss from continuing operations

  $ (26,191   $ (527,369   $ (658,795   $ (234,165   $ (2,486

Income tax expense (benefit)

    (155     342        (21,139     (31,861     (3,769

(Gain) loss on derivative instruments(1)

    8,277        12,672        10,119        2,378        (1,150

(Gain) loss on early extinguishment of debt(2)

    —          (7,538     —          2,240        2,086   

Amortization of deferred financing costs

    1,360        1,360        1,845        2,101        544   

Write-off of financing costs

    —          743        —          —          —     

Interest expense—debt

    60,034        64,631        88,630        76,726        35,994   

Impairment of long-lived assets

    430        206,089        123,717        1,553        917   

Depreciation and amortization

    46,118        55,749        69,913        57,092        23,610   

Goodwill and mastheads impairment

    —          275,310        488,543        225,820        —     
                                       

Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations

  $ 89,873 (a)    $ 81,989 (b)    $ 102,833 (c)    $ 101,884 (d)    $ 55,746 (e) 
                                       

 

(a) Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2010 included net expenses of $8,365 which are one time in nature or non-cash compensation. Included in these net expenses of $8,365 is non-cash compensation and other expenses of $5,004, non-cash portion of post retirement benefits expense of $(649), integration and reorganization costs of $2,470 and $1,540 loss on the sale of assets.

Adjusted EBITDA also does not include $(33) of EBITDA generated from our discontinued operations.

 

(b) Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2009 included net expenses of $9,462 which are one time in nature or non-cash compensation. Included in these net expenses of $9,462 is non-cash compensation and other expenses of $8,634, non-cash portion of post retirement benefits expense of $(782), integration and reorganization costs of $2,028 and $418 gain on the sale of assets.

 

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Adjusted EBITDA also does not include $(446) of EBITDA generated from our discontinued operations.

 

(c) Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2008 included net expenses of $24,149 which are one time in nature or non-cash compensation. Included in these net expenses of $24,149 is non-cash compensation and other expenses of $18,198, non-cash portion of post retirement benefits expense of $(1,499), integration and reorganization costs of $7,113 and $337 loss on the sale of assets.

Adjusted EBITDA also does not include $4,392 of EBITDA generated from our discontinued operations.

 

(d) Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2007 included net expenses of $23,791 which are one-time in nature or non-cash compensation. Included in these net expenses of $23,791 is non-cash compensation and other expense of $14,007, non-cash portion of postretirement benefits expense of $799, integration and reorganization costs of $7,490 and a $1,495 loss on the sale of assets.

Adjusted EBITDA also does not include $10,189 from SureWest Directories due to the impact of purchase accounting and $4,956 of EBITDA generated from our discontinued operations, including Huntington, West Virginia, Yankton, South Dakota and Winter Haven, Florida.

 

(e) Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2006 included net expenses of $11,109 which are one-time in nature or non-cash compensation. Included in these net expenses of $11,109 is non-cash compensation and other expense of $5,175, non-cash portion of postretirement benefit expense of $748, integration and reorganization costs of $4,486 and a $700 loss on the sale of assets.

Adjusted EBITDA also does not include $1,860 of EBITDA generated from our discontinued operations.

 

(1) Non-cash (gain) loss on derivative instruments is related to interest rate swap agreements which are financing related and are excluded from Adjusted EBITDA.

 

(2) Non-cash write-off of deferred financing costs are similar to interest expense and amortization of financing fees and are excluded from Adjusted EBITDA.

 

     As of December 31,  
     2010     2009     2008     2007      2006  
     (In Thousands)  

Balance Sheet Data:

           

Total assets

   $ 546,327      $ 591,929      $ 1,149,621      $ 1,874,995       $ 1,131,497   

Total long-term obligations, including current maturities

     1,197,347        1,222,102        1,242,075        1,220,856         559,811   

Stockholders’ equity (deficit)

     (792,121     (753,576     (229,078     453,988         473,084   

 

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our historical consolidated financial statements and notes to those statements and pro forma results of operations appearing in this report. The discussion and analysis below includes certain forward-looking statements that are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors under the heading “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this report that could cause our actual future growth, results of operations, performance and business prospects and opportunities to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, such forward-looking statements. See “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Information” at the beginning of this report.

Overview

We are one of the largest publishers of locally based print and online media in the United States as measured by number of daily publications. Our business model is to be the preeminent provider of local content and advertising in the small and midsize markets we serve. Our portfolio of products, which includes 442 community publications and more than 466 related websites and mobile sites and six yellow page directories, serves over 298,000 business advertising accounts and reaches approximately 10 million people on a weekly basis.

Our core products include:

 

   

86 daily newspapers with total paid circulation of approximately 697,000;

 

   

254 weekly newspapers (published up to three times per week) with total paid circulation of approximately 513,000 and total free circulation of approximately 673,000;

 

   

102 “shoppers” (generally advertising-only publications) with total circulation of approximately 1.5 million;

 

   

over 466 locally focused websites and mobile sites, which extend our franchises onto the internet and mobile devices with approximately 70 million page reviews per month; and

 

   

six yellow page directories, with a distribution of approximately 490,000, that covers a population of approximately 1.2 million people.

In addition to our core products, we also opportunistically produce niche publications that address specific local market interests such as recreation, sports, healthcare and real estate. Over the last twelve months, we created approximately 46 niche publications. We are also focused on developing online and mobile products, including deal platforms, mobile websites and applications.

We were incorporated in Delaware in 1997 for purposes of acquiring a portion of the daily and weekly newspapers owned by American Publishing Company. On May 9, 2005, FIF III Liberty Holdings LLC, an affiliate of Fortress entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger with the Company pursuant to which a wholly-owned subsidiary of FIF III Liberty Holdings LLC merged with and into the Company (the “Merger”). The Merger was effective on June 6, 2005, thus making FIF III Liberty Holdings LLC our principal and controlling stockholder. As of December 31, 2010, Fortress beneficially owned approximately 39.6% of our outstanding common stock.

Since 1998, we have acquired 416 daily and weekly newspapers and shoppers, including 17 dailies, 120 weeklies and 22 shoppers acquired in the acquisitions of CP Media and Enterprise NewsMedia, LLC (the “Massachusetts Acquisitions”), the Copley Press, Inc. newspapers and the Gannett Co., Inc. newspapers and launched numerous new products.

We generate revenues from advertising, circulation and commercial printing. Advertising revenue is recognized upon publication of the advertisements. Circulation revenue from subscribers, which is billed to

 

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customers at the beginning of the subscription period, is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the related subscription. The revenue for commercial printing is recognized upon delivery of the printed product to our customers. Directory revenue is recognized on a straight-line basis over the 12-month period in which the corresponding directory is distributed and in use in the market.

Our advertising revenue tends to follow a seasonal pattern, with higher advertising revenue in months containing significant events or holidays. Accordingly, our first quarter, followed by our third quarter, historically are our weakest quarters of the year in terms of revenue. Correspondingly, our second and fourth fiscal quarters, historically, are our strongest quarters. We expect that this seasonality will continue to affect our advertising revenue in future periods.

We have experienced recent declines in advertising revenue streams and increased volatility of operating performance, despite our geographic diversity, well-balanced portfolio of products, strong local franchises, broad customer base and reliance on smaller markets. These recent declines in advertising revenue we have experienced are typical in an economic downturn. We believe our local advertising tends to be less sensitive to economic cycles than national advertising because local businesses generally have fewer advertising channels through which to reach their target audience.

Our operating costs consist primarily of labor, newsprint, and delivery costs. Our selling, general and administrative expenses consist primarily of labor costs.

Newsprint prices rose from the later part of 2009 through 2010. We expect 2011 prices to increase per metric ton as well. We have taken steps to mitigate some of these prior price increases through a fixed price agreement for approximately 75% of our purchases combined with consumption control. In addition, we are a member of a newsprint-buying consortium which enables our local publishers to obtain favorable pricing versus the general market. Additionally, we have taken steps to cluster our operations thereby increasing the usage of facilities and equipment while increasing the productivity of our labor force. We expect to continue to employ these steps as part of our business and clustering strategy. Labor represents just over 50% of our operating expenses. Beginning in 2008 we initiated an effort to drive efficiencies and centralization of work throughout the organization.

Recent Developments

The newspaper industry and the Company have experienced declining same store revenue over the past few years. While these trends are stabilizing, it has eliminated the availability to us of additional borrowings under our 2007 Credit Facility. As a result, we previously implemented plans to reduce costs and preserve cash flow. This includes the suspension of the payment of cash dividends, the continued implementation of cost reduction programs, and the sale of non-core assets. We believe these initiatives will provide the financial resources necessary to invest in the business and ensure our future success and provide sufficient cash flow to enable us to meet our commitments for the next year.

General economic conditions, including declines in consumer confidence, continued high unemployment levels, contraction of credit availability for certain borrowers, declines in real estate values, and other trends, have impacted the markets in which we operate. These conditions may continue to negatively impact advertising and other revenue sources as well as increase operating costs in the future. Management believes that we have adequate capital resources and liquidity to meet our working capital needs, borrowing obligations and all required capital expenditures for at least the next twelve months.

We performed testing for impairment of goodwill and newspaper mastheads as of June 30, 2010, June 30, 2009, December 31 and June 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007. The fair value of our reporting units for goodwill impairment testing and individual newspaper mastheads were estimated using the expected present value of future cash flows and recent industry transaction multiples, using estimates, judgments and assumptions, that we

 

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believe were appropriate in the circumstances. While no impairment charge was recognized as part of the 2010 assessment, should general economic, market or business conditions decline, and have a negative impact on estimates of future cash flow and market transaction multiples, we may be required to record additional impairment charges in the future.

During 2008, our credit rating was downgraded to be rated below-investment grade by both Standard & Poor’s and Moody’s Investors Service and was further downgraded in 2009 and 2010. Any future long-term borrowing or the extension or replacement of our short-term borrowing will reflect the negative impact of these ratings, increase our borrowing costs, limit our financing options and subject us to more restrictive covenants than our existing debt arrangements. Additional reductions in our credit ratings could further increase our borrowing cost, subject us to more onerous borrowing terms and reduce or eliminate our borrowing flexibility in the future.

The current economic environment in our industry and its resulting impact on us has limited our ability to grow further through acquisitions in the near-term future. However, we are highly focused on integrating our prior acquisitions, realizing all synergy and de-levering opportunities, reducing our overall costs structure to fit today’s revenue environment, building a multi-media platform business, and on strengthening the local market position we hold in our markets.

Critical Accounting Policy Disclosure

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. We base our estimates and judgments on historical experience and other assumptions that we find reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from such estimates under different conditions. The following accounting policies require significant estimates and judgments.

Goodwill and Long-Lived Assets

We assess the potential impairment of goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite lives on an annual basis in accordance with the provisions of FASB ASC Topic 350 “Intangibles—Goodwill and Other” (“ASC 350”). We perform our impairment analysis on each of our reporting units, represented by our six regions. The regions have discrete financial information and are regularly reviewed by management. The fair value of the applicable reporting unit is compared to its carrying value. Calculating the fair value of a reporting unit requires us to make significant estimates and assumptions. We estimate fair value by applying third-party market value indicators to projected cash flows and/or projected earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization. In applying this methodology, we rely on a number of factors, including current operating results and cash flows, expected future operating results and cash flows, future business plans, and market data. If the carrying value of the reporting unit exceeds the estimate of fair value, we calculate the impairment as the excess of the carrying value of goodwill over its implied fair value.

We account for long-lived assets in accordance with the provisions of FASB ASC Topic 360, “Property, Plant and Equipment” (“ASC 360”). We assess the recoverability of our long-lived assets, including property, plant and equipment and definite lived intangible assets, whenever events or changes in business circumstances indicate the carrying amount of the assets, or related group of assets, may not be fully recoverable. Factors leading to impairment include significant under-performance relative to historical or projected results, significant changes in the manner of use of the acquired assets or the strategy for our overall business and significant negative industry or economic trends. The assessment of recoverability is based on management’s estimates. If undiscounted projected future operating cash flows do not exceed the net book value of the long-lived assets, then a permanent impairment has occurred. We would record the difference between the net book value of the long-lived asset and the fair value of such asset as a charge against income in our consolidated statements of operations if such a difference arose.

 

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The fair values of our reporting units for goodwill impairment testing and individual newspaper mastheads are estimated using the expected present value of future cash flows, recent industry transaction multiples and using estimates, judgments and assumptions that management believes are appropriate in the circumstances.

The sum of the fair values of the reporting units are reconciled to our current market capitalization (based upon the stock market price) plus an estimated control premium.

Significant judgment is required in determining the fair value of our goodwill and long-lived assets to measure impairment, including the determination of multiples of revenue and Adjusted EBITDA and future earnings projections. The estimates and judgments that most significantly affect the future cash flow estimates are assumptions related to revenue, and in particular, potential changes in future advertising (including the impact of economic trends and the speed of conversion of advertising and readership to online products from traditional print products); trends in newsprint prices; and other operating expense items.

We performed annual impairment testing of goodwill and indefinite lived intangible assets during the second quarter of 2010, 2009, and 2008. Additionally, we performed impairment testing of goodwill and indefinite lived intangibles during the fourth quarter of 2008 and 2007 due to declines in our stock price, reduced estimates in of our future cash flows, increased volatility in operating results and declines in market transactions. As a result, impairment charges related to goodwill and mastheads were recorded in fiscal 2009, 2008 and 2007 and related to goodwill, mastheads and amortizable intangibles in fiscal 2009 and 2008. No impairment charges were recognized in fiscal 2010. See additional information in Note 6 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Newspaper mastheads (newspaper titles and website domain names) are not subject to amortization and are tested for impairment annually, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the asset might be impaired. The impairment test consists of a comparison of the fair value of each newspaper masthead with its carrying amount. We used a relief from royalty approach which utilizes a discounted cash flow model to determine the fair value of each newspaper masthead. Our judgments and estimates of future operating results in determining the reporting unit fair values are consistently applied to each newspaper in determining the fair value of each newspaper masthead. We performed impairment tests on newspaper mastheads as of June 30, 2010, June 30, 2009, June 30 and December 31, 2008, and December 31, 2007. See Note 6 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion of the impairment charges taken.

Intangible assets subject to amortization (primarily advertiser and subscriber lists) are tested for recoverability whenever events or change in circumstances indicate that their carrying amounts may not be recoverable. The carrying amount of each asset group is not recoverable if it exceeds the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use of such asset group. We performed impairment tests on long lived assets (including intangible assets subject to amortization) as of June 30, 2010, June 30, 2009, June 30 and December 31, 2008, and December 31, 2007. See Note 6 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion of the impairment charges taken.

Derivative Instruments

We record all of our derivative instruments on our balance sheet at fair value pursuant to FASB ASC Topic 815, “Derivatives and Hedging” (“ASC 815”) and FASB ASC Topic 820 “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” (“ASC 820”). Fair value is based on counterparty quotations adjusted for our credit related risk. To the extent a derivative qualifies as a cash flow hedge under ASC 815, unrealized changes in the fair value of the derivative are recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income. However, any ineffective portion of a derivative’s change in fair value is recognized immediately in earnings. Fair values of derivatives are subject to significant variability based on market conditions, such as future levels of interest rates. This variability could result in a significant increase or decrease in our accumulated other comprehensive income and/or earnings but will generally have no effect on cash flows, provided the derivative is carried through to full term. We also assess the capabilities of our counterparties to perform under the terms of the contracts. A change in the assessment could have an impact on the accounting and economics of our derivatives.

 

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Revenue Recognition

Circulation revenue from subscribers is billed to customers at the beginning of the subscription period and is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the related subscription. Circulation revenue from single copy sales is recognized at the time of sale. Advertising revenue is recognized upon publication of the advertisement. Revenue for commercial printing is recognized upon delivery. Directory revenue is recognized on a straight-line basis over the period in which the corresponding directory is distributed.

Income Taxes

We account for income taxes under the provisions of FASB ASC Topic 740, “Income Taxes” (“ASC 740”). Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities using tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. The assessment of the realizability of deferred tax assets involves a high degree of judgment and complexity. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amounts that are expected to be realized. When we determine that it is more likely than not that we will be able to realize our deferred tax assets in the future in excess of our net recorded amount, an adjustment to the deferred tax asset would be made and reflected either in income or as an adjustment to goodwill. This determination will be made by considering various factors, including our expected future results, that in our judgment will make it more likely than not that these deferred tax assets will be realized.

Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Interpretation No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes, an interpretation of SFAS No. 109” (“FIN 48”) and now codified as ASC 740. ASC 740 prescribes a comprehensive model for how a company should recognize, measure, present and disclose in its financial statements uncertain tax positions that a company has taken or expects to take on a tax return. Under ASC 740, the financial statements will reflect expected future tax consequences of such positions presuming the taxing authorities’ full knowledge of the position and all relevant facts, but without considering time values. ASC 740 substantially changes the applicable accounting model and is likely to cause greater volatility in income statements as more items are recognized discretely within income tax expense. ASC 740 also revises disclosure requirements and introduces a prescriptive, annual, tabular roll-forward of the unrecognized tax benefits.

Pension and Postretirement Liabilities

FASB ASC Topic 715, “Compensation—Retirement Benefits” (“ASC 715”) requires recognition of an asset or liability in the consolidated balance sheet reflecting the funded status of pension and other postretirement benefit plans such as retiree health and life, with current-year changes in the funded status recognized in the statement of stockholders’ equity.

Self-Insurance Liability Accruals

We maintain self-insured medical and workers’ compensation programs. We purchase stop loss coverage from third parties which limits our exposure to large claims. We record a liability for healthcare and workers’ compensation costs during the period in which they occur as well as an estimate of incurred but not reported claims.

 

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Results of Operations

The following table summarizes our historical results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008.

 

     Year Ended
December 31,
2010
    Year Ended
December 31,
2009
    Year Ended
December 31,
2008
 
     (In Thousands)  

Revenues:

      

Advertising

   $ 395,618      $ 409,484      $ 492,251   

Circulation

     136,377        142,023        145,653   

Commercial printing and other

     26,593        33,286        40,835   
                        

Total revenues

     558,588        584,793        678,739   

Operating costs and expenses:

      

Operating costs

     314,873        335,535        382,266   

Selling, general and administrative

     149,970        165,007        186,249   

Depreciation and amortization

     46,118        55,749        69,913   

Integration and reorganization costs

     2,470        2,029        7,113   

Impairment of long-lived assets

     430        206,089        123,717   

(Gain) loss on sale of assets

     1,540        (418     337   

Goodwill and mastheads impairment

     —          275,310        488,543   
                        

Operating income (loss)

     43,187        (454,508     (579,399

Interest expense

     60,034        64,631        88,630   

Amortization of deferred financing costs

     1,360        1,360        1,845   

Gain on early extinguishment of debt

     —          (7,538     —     

Loss on derivative instruments

     8,277        12,672        10,119   

Other (income) loss

     (138     1,394        (59
                        

Loss from continuing operations before income taxes

     (26,346     (527,027     (679,934

Income tax expense (benefit)

     (155     342        (21,139
                        

Loss from continuing operations

   $ (26,191   $ (527,369   $ (658,795
                        

Year Ended December 31, 2010 Compared To Year Ended December 31, 2009

The discussion of our results of operations that follows is based upon our historical results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009.

Revenue. Total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2010 decreased by $26.2 million, or 4.5%, to $558.6 million from $584.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The difference between same store revenue and GAAP revenue for the current period is immaterial, therefore, further revenue discussions will be limited to GAAP results. The decrease in total revenue was comprised of a $13.9 million, or 3.4%, decrease in advertising revenue, a $5.6 million, or 4.0%, decrease in circulation revenue and a $6.7 million, or 20.1%, decrease in commercial printing and other revenue. Advertising revenue declines were primarily driven by declines on the print side of our business in the local retail and classified categories which were partially offset by growth in online. The print declines reflect an uncertain economic environment, which continued to put pressure on our local advertisers. These economic conditions have also led to a decline in our circulation volumes which have been partially offset by price increases in select locations. The decrease in commercial printing and other revenue was due to declines in printing projects as a result of continued weak economic conditions and the strategic closure of certain print facilities.

Operating Costs. Operating costs for the year ended December 31, 2010 decreased by $20.7 million, or 6.2%, to $314.8 million from $335.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The decrease in operating

 

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costs was primarily due to a decrease in compensation, delivery, newsprint, external printing, postage, health insurance benefits and supplies of $7.2 million, $3.5 million, $3.3 million, $2.2 million, $1.8 million, $1.0 million and $0.9 million, respectively. We believe the majority of the decreases were a result of permanent cost reductions and were implemented as we continued to work to consolidate operations and improve the productivity of our labor force.

Selling, General and Administrative. Selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2010 decreased by $15.0 million, or 9.1%, to $150.0 million from $165.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses was primarily due to a decrease in other office related expenses, compensation, outside services, health insurance benefits, and consulting and professional expenses of $8.2 million, $3.7 million, $1.4 million, $1.1 million, and $0.8 million, respectively. We believe the majority of these reductions are also permanent in nature.

Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense for the year ended December 31, 2010 decreased by $9.6 million to $46.1 million from $55.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The decrease of $9.6 million in depreciation and amortization expense was primarily due to a reduction in amortization expense due to the impairment of amortizable intangibles in June 2009.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets. During the year ended December 31, 2009, we incurred a charge of $206.1 million related to the impairment on our advertiser relationships and subscriber relationships due to reductions in our operating projections within our various reporting units. There were no such charges during the year ended December 31, 2010.

Goodwill and Mastheads Impairment. During the year ended December 31, 2009, we recorded a $275.3 million impairment on our goodwill and mastheads due to softening business conditions and the related impact on the fair value of our reporting units. There were no such charges during the year ended December 31, 2010.

Interest Expense. Total interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2010 decreased by $4.6 million, or 7.1%, to $60.0 million from $64.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The decrease was primarily due to declines in interest rates and their related impact on our unhedged debt position, and to a lesser extent, a decrease in our total outstanding debt.

Gain on Early Extinguishment of Debt. During the year ended December 31, 2009 we recorded a gain of $7.5 million due to the early extinguishment of short term notes payable.

Loss on Derivative instruments. During the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, we recorded a net loss of $8.3 million and $12.7 million, respectively, comprised of accumulated other comprehensive income amortization related to swaps terminated in 2008 partially offset by the impact of the ineffectiveness of our remaining swap agreements.

Income Tax Expense (Benefit). Income tax benefit for the year ended December 31, 2010 was $0.2 million compared to an income tax expense of $0.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The change of $0.5 million was primarily due to an increase of the impairment on the non tax deductible goodwill in 2009, and the reversal of unrecognized tax exposures in 2010.

Net Loss from Continuing Operations. Net loss from continuing operations for the year ended December 31, 2010 was $26.2 million. Net loss from continuing operations for the year ended December 31, 2009 was $527.4 million. Our net loss from continuing operations decreased due to the factors noted above.

 

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Year Ended December 31, 2009 Compared To Year Ended December 31, 2008

The discussion of our results of operations that follows is based upon our historical results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008.

Revenue. Total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2009 decreased by $93.9 million, or 13.8%, to $584.8 million from $678.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. The difference between same store revenue and GAAP revenue for the current period is immaterial, therefore, further revenue discussions will be limited to GAAP results. The decrease in total revenue was comprised of a $82.8 million, or 16.8%, decrease in advertising revenue, a $3.6 million, or 2.5%, decrease in circulation revenue and a $7.5 million, or 18.5%, decrease in commercial printing and other revenue. Advertising revenue declines were primarily driven by declines on the print side of our business in both the local retail and classified categories. The sharp decline in the economy, particularly in the sectors of employment, automotive and real estate, has led to declining classified revenues across the country. These economic conditions have also led to a decline in our circulation volumes which have been partially offset by price increases in certain locations. The decrease in commercial printing and other revenue was due to declines in printing projects as a result of weak economic conditions.

Operating Costs. Operating costs for the year ended December 31, 2009 decreased by $46.7 million, or 12.2%, to $335.6 million from $382.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. The decrease in operating costs was primarily due to a decrease in compensation, newsprint, external printing, delivery, postage, supplies, utility expenses, and repairs and maintenance of $18.9 million, $12.8 million, $3.8 million, $3.8 million, $2.7 million, $2.5 million, $1.3 million and $0.8 million, respectively. These operating cost reductions are permanent in nature and were implemented in order to combat the revenue declines.

Selling, General and Administrative. Selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2009 decreased by $21.2 million, or 11.4%, to $165.0 million from $186.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. The decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses was primarily due to a decrease in compensation, other office related expenses, health insurance and consulting and professional expenses of $11.6 million, $4.3 million, $4.0 million and $1.3 million, respectively. These contributions are also permanent and were implemented in order to combat the revenue declines.

Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense for the year ended December 31, 2009 decreased by $14.2 million to $55.7 million from $69.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. The decrease of $14.2 million in depreciation and amortization expense was primarily due to a reduction in amortization expense due to the impairment of amortizable intangibles in June and December of 2008 and June 2009.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets. During the year ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 we incurred a charge of $206.1 million and $123.7 million respectively, related to the impairment on our advertiser relationships and subscriber relationships due to reductions in our operating projections within our various reporting units.

Goodwill and Mastheads Impairment. During the year ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, we recorded a $275.3 million and $488.5 million impairment on our goodwill and mastheads due to softening business conditions and declines in our stock price which impacted the fair value of our reporting units.

Interest Expense. Total interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2009 decreased by $24.0 million, or 27.1%, to $64.6 million from $88.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. The decrease was primarily due to declines in interest rates and their related impact on our unhedged debt position, as well as a decrease in our total outstanding debt.

Gain on Early Extinguishment of Debt. During the year ended December 31, 2009 we recorded a gain of $7.5 million due to the early extinguishment of short term notes payable.

 

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Loss on Derivative instruments. During the year ended December 31, 2009 we recorded a net loss of $12.7 million comprised of accumulated other comprehensive income amortization related to swaps terminated in 2008 partially offset by the impact of the ineffectiveness of our remaining swap agreements.

During the year ended December 31, 2008 we recorded a loss of $10.1 million due to ineffectiveness related to several of our interest rate swaps, which were entered into in an effort to eliminate a significant portion of our exposure to fluctuations in LIBOR.

Income Tax Expense (Benefit). Income tax expense for the year ended December 31, 2009 was $0.3 million compared to an income tax benefit of $21.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. The income tax benefit recognized in 2008 related primarily to the elimination of a valuation allowance of $21.4 million as a result of a goodwill impairment charge during the year. The net loss in 2009 did not result in an income tax benefit as the deferred tax liability was adjusted to $0 in 2008 and the related deferred tax asset is fully offset by a valuation allowance.

Net Loss from Continuing Operations. Net loss from continuing operations for the year ended December 31, 2009 was $527.4 million. Net loss from continuing operations for the year ended December 31, 2008 was $658.8 million. Our net loss from continuing operations decreased due to the factors noted above.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our primary cash requirements are for working capital, debt obligations and capital expenditures. We have no material outstanding commitments for capital expenditures. Our principal sources of funds have historically been, and will be, cash provided by operating activities and term loan borrowings for significant acquisitions.

As a holding company, we have no operations of our own and accordingly we have no independent means of generating revenue, and our internal sources of funds to meet our cash needs, including payment of expenses, are dividends and other permitted payments from our subsidiaries. Our 2007 Credit Facility imposes upon us certain financial and operating covenants, including, among others, requirements that we satisfy certain financial tests, including a total leverage ratio if there are outstanding extensions of credit under the revolving facility, a minimum fixed charge ratio, and restrictions on our ability to incur debt, pay dividends or take certain other corporate actions. As of December 31, 2010 we were in compliance with all applicable covenants.

On February 27, 2007, we entered into the 2007 Credit Facility with a syndicate of financial institutions with Wells Fargo Bank as administrative agent, referred to as the 2007 Credit Facility. The 2007 Credit Facility provides for a $670.0 million term loan facility which matures in August, 2014, a delayed draw term loan of up to $250.0 million available until August 2007 which matures in August 2014 and a revolving credit agreement with a $40.0 million aggregate loan commitment available, including a $15.0 million sub-facility for letters of credit and a $10.0 million swingline facility, which matures in February 2014.

On April 11, 2007, we entered into the Bridge Agreement with a syndicate of financial institutions with Wachovia Investment Holdings LLC as administrative agent. The Bridge Agreement provided a $300.0 million term loan facility which matures on April 11, 2015.

On May 7, 2007, we amended our 2007 Credit Facility and increased our borrowing by $275.0 million. This incremental borrowing has an interest rate of LIBOR + 2.25% or the Alternate Base Rate + 1.25%, depending upon the designation of the borrowing.

In accordance with the First Amendment, the rate on the previously existing borrowings of $920.0 million was changed to bear interest at LIBOR + 2.00% or the Alternate Base Rate + 1.00% depending upon the designation of the borrowing. The terms of the previously outstanding borrowings were also modified to include a 1.00% premium if the debt is called within one year and an interest feature that grants the previously outstanding debt an interest rate of 0.25% below the highest rate of any borrowing under the 2007 Credit Facility.

 

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On February 15, 2008, we entered into our 2008 Bridge Facility with Barclays, as syndication agent, sole arranger and book runner. The 2008 Bridge Facility provided for a $20.6 million term loan facility. The 2008 Bridge Facility was paid in full on June 7, 2010.

On August 21, 2008, FIF III Liberty Holdings LLC (“FIF III”) purchased an aggregate of $11.5 million in 10% cumulative preferred stock of GateHouse Media Macomb Holdings, Inc. (“Macomb”), an operating subsidiary of ours. The preferred stock was issued on August 21, 2008. Macomb, an Unrestricted Subsidiary under the terms of our 2007 Credit Facility, used the proceeds from such sale of preferred stock to make an $11.5 million cash investment in Holdco non-voting 10% cumulative preferred stock. On December 7, 2010, FIF III exercised its right to require the Company to purchase its Macomb preferred stock. During the five-year period following the full repayment by the Company of its 2008 Bridge Facility, which repayment occurred in the second quarter of 2010, FIF III had the right to require the Company to purchase the preferred stock. The Company paid the purchase price of $14.1 million on December 8, 2010, which represented the sum of original purchase price of $11.5 million paid by FIF III for the Macomb preferred stock and accrued but unpaid dividends of $2.6 million. FIF III is an affiliate of Fortress Investment Group, LLC, the owner of approximately 39.6% of the Company’s outstanding Common Stock.

On February 3, 2009, we again amended our 2007 Credit Facility and reduced the amounts available under the credit agreement, as follows: (i) for revolving loans, from $40.0 million to $20.0 million; (ii) for the letter of credit subfacility, from $15.0 million to $5.0 million; and (iii) for the swingline loan subfacility, from $10.0 million to $5.0 million.

As required by the 2007 Credit Facility, as amended, on March 5, 2010, we made a principal payment of $2.5 million, which represented 50% of the Excess Cash Flow related to the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009.

Although we are currently in compliance with all of our covenants and obligations under the 2007 Credit Facility, due to restrictive covenants and conditions within each of this facility, we currently do not have the ability to draw upon the revolving credit facility portion of the 2007 Credit Facility for any immediate short-term funding needs or to incur additional long-term debt.

Future compliance with our financial and operating covenants will depend on the future performance of the business and our ability to curtail the negative revenue trend experience and our ability to address other risks and challenges set forth herein. We believe that we have adequate capital resources and liquidity to meet our working capital needs, borrowing obligations and all required capital expenditures for at least the next twelve months.

Our leverage may adversely affect our business and financial performance and may restrict our operating flexibility. The level of our indebtedness and our on-going cash flow requirements may expose us to a risk that a substantial decrease in operating cash flows due to, among other things, continued or additional adverse economic developments or adverse developments in our business, could make it difficult for us to meet the financial and operating covenants contained in our credit facilities. In addition, our leverage may limit cash flow available for general corporate purposes such as capital expenditures and our flexibility to react to competitive, technological and other changes in our industry and economic conditions generally.

Cash Flows

The following table summarizes our historical cash flows.

 

     Year Ended
December 31,
2010
    Year Ended
December 31,
2009
    Year Ended
December 31,
2008
 
     (in thousands)  

Cash provided by operating activities

   $ 26,638      $ 3,790      $ 20,309   

Cash provided by (used in) investing activities

     (624     8,400        11,675   

Cash used in financing activities

     (22,010     (13,003     (37,533

 

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Cash Flows from Operating Activities. Net cash provided by operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2010 was $26.6 million. The net cash provided by operating activities resulted from a depreciation and amortization of $46.1 million, a loss of $8.3 million on derivative instruments, non-cash compensation of $1.7 million, a $1.5 million loss on the sale of assets, amortization of deferred financing costs of $1.4 million, an impairment of long-lived assets of $0.8 million, partially offset by a net loss of $26.6 million, a net decrease in cash provided by working capital of $5.2 million and an increase funding of pension and other post-retirement obligations of $1.4 million. The decrease in cash provided by working capital primarily resulted from an increase in prepaid expenses related to a newsprint pricing agreement that allowed for fixed pricing in 2011 below market rates from December 31, 2009 to December 31, 2010.

Net cash provided by operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2009 was $3.8 million. The net cash provided by operating activities resulted from a goodwill and mastheads impairment charge of $275.3 million, an impairment of long-lived assets of $208.8 million, depreciation and amortization of $55.8 million, a loss of $12.7 million on derivative instruments, non-cash compensation of $3.4 million, amortization of deferred financing costs of $1.4 million, partially offset by a net loss of $530.6 million, a net decrease in cash provided by working capital of $14.2 million, a gain on early extinguishment of debt of $7.5 million, an increase funding of pension and other post-retirement obligations of $0.8 million, and a gain of $0.4 million on the sale of assets. The decrease in cash provided by working capital primarily resulted from a significant reduction in the accounts payable balance of $14.3 million from December 31, 2008 to December 31, 2009.

Net cash provided by operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2008 was $20.3 million. The net cash provided by operating activities resulted from depreciation and amortization of $71.6 million, non-cash compensation of $3.6 million, an impairment of long-lived assets of $132.9 million, a goodwill and mastheads impairment charge of $496.3 million which includes $4.5 million from discontinued operations, a loss of $0.3 million on the sale of assets, amortization of deferred financing costs of $1.8 million, non-cash interest expense of $0.6 million, a loss of $10.1 million on derivative instruments, partially offset by a net loss of $673.3 million, a decrease of $21.3 million related to deferred income taxes, an increase funding of pension and other post-retirement obligations of $1.5 million and a net decrease in cash provided by working capital of $0.8 million. The decrease in cash provided by working capital primarily resulted from a decrease in accrued interest, accrued expenses, and deferred revenue and an increase in inventory and other assets, which were partially offset by a decrease in accounts receivable and an increase in accounts payable from December 31, 2007 to December 31, 2008.

Cash Flows from Investing Activities. Net cash used in investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2010 was $0.6 million. During the year ended December 31, 2010, we used $4.8 million for capital expenditures, which was offset by $4.2 million received from the collection of a receivable due from a previous real estate sale and the sale of other real property.

Net cash provided by investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2009 was $8.4 million. During the year ended December 31, 2009, we received $11.2 million from the sale of publications and other assets, which was partially offset by $0.3 million used for 2008 acquisition payments made in 2009 and $2.5 million used for capital expenditures.

Net cash provided by investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2008 was $11.7 million. During the year ended December 31, 2008, we received $48.9 million from the sale of publications and other assets, which was partially offset by $27.5 million, net of cash acquired, used for acquisitions and $9.7 million used for capital expenditures.

Cash Flows from Financing Activities. Net cash used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2010 was $22.0 million, which primarily resulted from a $2.5 million repayment under the 2007 Credit Facility, the repurchase of subsidiary preferred stock of $11.5 million and an $8.0 million repayment under the 2008 Bridge Facility.

 

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Net cash used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2009 was $13.0 million, which primarily resulted from $9.0 million repayment under the 2008 Bridge Facility and the repayment of $4.0 million of short term note payable.

Net cash used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2008 was $37.5 million. The net cash used in financing activities resulted from the payment of dividends of $34.7 million, repayment of $22.5 million of short term debt and notes payable, and a net repayment of $11.0 million of borrowing under the revolving portion of the 2007 Credit Facility, partially offset by borrowings under short term debt of $19.5 million and the issuance of subsidiary preferred stock of $11.3 million, net of issuance costs.

Changes in Financial Position

The discussion that follows highlights significant changes in our financial position and working capital from December 31, 2009 to December 31, 2010.

Accounts Receivable. Accounts receivable decreased $6.2 million from December 31, 2009 to December 31, 2010, which relates to the timing of cash collections and lower revenue recognized in 2010 compared to 2009.

Prepaid Expenses. Prepaid expenses increased $5.4 million from December 31, 2009 to December 31, 2010, which primarily relates to a $5.0 million prepayment related to a newsprint pricing agreement that allowed for fixed pricing in 2011 at below market rates.

Property, Plant, and Equipment. Property, plant, and equipment decreased $19.3 million during the period from December 31, 2009 to December 31, 2010, of which $21.6 million relates to depreciation, $2.2 million relates to assets sold and held for sale and $0.2 million from an impairment charge. These decreases in property, plant, and equipment were partially offset by $4.8 million that was used for capital expenditures.

Intangible Assets. Intangible assets decreased $24.7 million from December 31, 2009 to December 31, 2010, of which $24.5 million relates to amortization and $0.1 million relates to an impairment charge.

Other Assets. Other assets decreased $4.0 million from December 31, 2009 to December 31, 2010, which primarily relates to a $3.5 million note receivable collected from the 2009 sale of land in Quincy, Massachusetts.

Current Portion of Long-term Liabilities. Current portion of long-term liabilities decreased $13.1 million from December 31, 2009 to December 31, 2010 which was primarily attributable to $11.5 million repayment of subsidiary preferred stock and accrued but unpaid preferred stock dividends of $2.6 million.

Short-term Debt. Short-term debt decreased $8.0 million from December 31, 2009 to December 31, 2010 due to an $8.0 million repayment under the 2008 Bridge Facility.

Current Portion of Long-term Debt. Current portion of long-term debt increased $8.7 million from December 31, 2009 to December 31, 2010 due to an $11.2 million reclassification from long-term debt of a principal payment due in 2011 as required by the 2007 Credit Facility which represents 50% of the Excess Cash Flow related to the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010. These increases in current portion of long-term debt were offset by a $2.5 million principal payment as required by the 2007 Credit Facility which represented 50% of the Excess Cash Flow related to the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009.

Long-term Debt. Long-term debt decreased $11.2 million from December 31, 2009 to December 31, 2010 due to a reclassification to short-term debt of a principal payment due in 2011 as required by the 2007 Credit Facility, which represented 50% of the Excess Cash Flow related to the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010.

 

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Derivative Instruments. Derivative instrument liability increased $21.0 million from December 31, 2009 to December 31, 2010, due to changes in the fair value measurement of our interest rate swaps.

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss. Accumulated other comprehensive loss increased $13.7 million from December 31, 2009 to December 31, 2010, which resulted from a loss on derivative instruments of $21.0 million and $1.0 million change related to the Company’s pension and post retirement plans, which was offset by derivative amortization of $8.3 million.

Accumulated Deficit. Accumulated deficit increased $26.0 million from December 31, 2009 to December 31, 2010 from a net loss attributable to GateHouse Media, of $26.0 million.

Indebtedness

2007 Credit Facility

GateHouse Media Operating, Inc. (“Operating”), an indirectly wholly-owned subsidiary of ours, GateHouse Media Holdco, Inc. (“Holdco”), an indirectly wholly-owned subsidiary of ours, and certain of their subsidiaries entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of February 27, 2007, with a syndicate of financial institutions with Wells Fargo Bank as administrative agent.

The 2007 Credit Facility, prior to execution of the Second Amendment (defined below), provided for a: (a) $670.0 million term loan facility that matures on August 28, 2014; (b) a delayed draw term loan facility of up to $250.0 million that matures on August 28, 2014, and (c) a revolving credit facility with a $40.0 million aggregate loan commitment amount available, including a $15.0 million sub-facility for letters of credit and a $10.0 million swingline facility, that matures on February 28, 2014. The borrowers used the proceeds of the 2007 Credit Facility to refinance existing indebtedness and for working capital and other general corporate purposes, including, without limitation, financing acquisitions permitted under the 2007 Credit Facility. The 2007 Credit Facility is secured by a first priority security interest in; (a) all present and future capital stock or other membership, equity, ownership or profits interest of Operating and all of its direct and indirect domestic restricted subsidiaries; (b) 65% of the voting stock (and 100% of the nonvoting stock) of all present and future first-tier foreign subsidiaries; and (c) substantially all of the tangible and intangible assets of Holdco, Operating and their present and future direct and indirect domestic restricted subsidiaries. In addition, the loans and other obligations of the borrowers under the 2007 Credit Facility are guaranteed, subject to specified limitations, by Holdco, Operating and their present and future direct and indirect domestic restricted subsidiaries.

Borrowings under the 2007 Credit Facility bear interest, at the borrower’s option, equal to the LIBOR Rate for a LIBOR Rate Loan (as defined in the 2007 Credit Facility), or the Alternate Base Rate for an Alternate Base Rate Loan (as defined in the 2007 Credit Facility), plus an applicable margin. The applicable margin for the LIBOR Rate term loans and Alternate Base Rate term loans, as amended by the First Amendment (defined below), is 2.00% and 1.00%, respectively. The applicable margin for revolving loans is adjusted quarterly based upon Holdco’s Total Leverage Ratio (as defined in the 2007 Credit Facility) (i.e., the ratio of Holdco’s Consolidated Indebtedness (as defined in the 2007 Credit Facility) on the last day of the preceding quarter to Consolidated EBITDA (as defined in the 2007 Credit Facility) for the four fiscal quarters ending on the date of determination). The applicable margin ranges from 1.50% to 2.00%, in the case of LIBOR Rate Loans and, 0.50% to 1.00% in the case of Alternate Base Rate Loans. Under the revolving credit facility, we also pay a quarterly commitment fee is also payable on the unused portion of the revolving credit facility ranging from 0.25% to 0.5% based on the same ratio of Consolidated Indebtedness to Consolidated EBITDA and a quarterly fee equal to the applicable margin for LIBOR Rate Loans on the aggregate amount of outstanding letters of credit. In addition, we are required to pay a ticking fee at the rate of 0.50% of the aggregate unfunded amount available to be borrowed under the delayed draw term facility is also payable.

No principal payments are due on the term loan facilities or the revolving credit facility until the applicable maturity date. The borrowers are required to prepay borrowings under the term loan facilities in an amount equal

 

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to 50.0% of Holdco’s Excess Cash Flow (as defined in the 2007 Credit Facility) earned during the previous fiscal year, except that no prepayments are required if the Total Leverage Ratio (as defined in the 2007 Credit Facility) is less than or equal to 6.0 to 1.0 at the end of such fiscal year. In addition, the borrowers are required to prepay borrowings under the term loan facilities with asset disposition proceeds in excess of specified amounts to the extent necessary to cause Holdco’s Total Leverage Ratio to be less than or equal to 6.25 to 1.00, and with cash insurance proceeds and condemnation or expropriation awards, in excess of specified amounts, subject, in each case, to reinvestment rights. The borrowers are required to prepay borrowings under the term loan facilities with the net proceeds of equity issuances by us in an amount equal to the lesser of (a) the amount by which 50.0% of the net cash proceeds exceeds the amount (if any) required to repay any credit facilities of ours or (b) the amount of proceeds required to reduce Holdco’s Total Leverage Ratio to 6.0 to 1.0. The borrowers are also required to prepay borrowings under the term loan facilities with 100% of the proceeds of debt issuances (with specified exceptions), except that no prepayment is required if Holdco’s Total Leverage Ratio is less than 6.0 to 1.0. If the term loan facilities have been paid in full, mandatory prepayments are applied to the repayment of borrowings under the swingline facility and revolving credit facilities and the cash collateralization of letters of credit.

The 2007 Credit Facility contains a financial covenant that requires Holdco to maintain a Total Leverage Ratio of less than or equal to 6.5 to 1.0 at any time an extension of credit is outstanding under the revolving credit facility. The 2007 Credit Facility contains affirmative and negative covenants applicable to Holdco, Operating and their restricted subsidiaries customarily found in loan agreements for similar transactions, including restrictions on their ability to incur indebtedness (which we are generally permitted to incur so long as it satisfies an incurrence test that requires it to maintain a pro forma Total Leverage Ratio of less than 6.5 to 1.0), create liens on assets, engage in certain lines of business, engage in mergers or consolidations, dispose of assets, make investments or acquisitions, engage in transactions with affiliates, enter into sale leaseback transactions, enter into negative pledges or pay dividends or make other restricted payments (except that Holdco is permitted to (a) make restricted payments so long as, after giving effect to any such restricted payment, Holdco and its subsidiaries have a Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio (as defined in the 2007 Credit Facility) equal to or greater than 1.0 to 1.0 and would be able to incur an additional $1.00 of debt under the incurrence test referred to above and (b) make restricted payments of proceeds of asset dispositions to us to the extent such proceeds are not required to prepay loans under the 2007 Credit Facility and/or cash collateralize letter of credit obligations and such proceeds are used to prepay borrowings under our acquisition credit facilities. The 2007 Credit Facility also permits the borrowers, in certain limited circumstances, to designate subsidiaries as “unrestricted subsidiaries” which are not subject to the covenant restrictions in the 2007 Credit Facility. The 2007 Credit Facility contains customary events of default, including defaults based on a failure to pay principal, reimbursement obligations, interest, fees or other obligations, subject to specified grace periods; a material inaccuracy of representations and warranties; breach of covenants; failure to pay other indebtedness and cross-accelerations; a Change of Control (as defined in the 2007 Credit Facility); events of bankruptcy and insolvency; material judgments; failure to meet certain requirements with respect to ERISA; and impairment of collateral. There were no extensions of credit outstanding under the revolving credit portion of the facility at December 31, 2010 and, therefore, we were not required to be in compliance with the Total Leverage Ratio covenant.

First Amendment to 2007 Credit Facility

On May 7, 2007, the Borrowers entered into the First Amendment to amend the 2007 Credit Facility. The First Amendment provided an incremental term loan facility under the 2007 Credit Facility in the amount of $275.0 million. As amended by the First Amendment, the 2007 Credit Facility includes $1.195 billion of term loan facilities and $40.0 million of a revolving credit facility. The incremental term loan facility amortizes at the same rate and matures on the same date as the existing term loan facilities under the 2007 Credit Facility prior to its amendment. Interest on the incremental term loan facility accrues at a rate per annum equal to, at the option of the borrower, (a) adjusted LIBOR plus a margin equal to (i) 2.00%, if the corporate family ratings and corporate credit ratings of Operating by Moody’s Investors Service Inc. and Standard & Poor’s Rating Services, are at least B1, and B+, respectively, in each case with stable outlook or (ii) 2.25%, otherwise, as was the case as of December 31, 2010, or (b) the greater of the prime rate set by Wells Fargo Bank, or the federal funds effective

 

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rate plus 0.50%, plus a margin 1.00% lower than that applicable to adjusted LIBOR-based loans. Any voluntary or mandatory repayment of the First Amendment term loans made with the proceeds of a new term loan entered into for the primary purpose of benefiting from a margin that is less than the margin applicable as a result of the First Amendment will be subject to a 1.00% prepayment premium. The First Amendment term loans are subject to a “most favored nation” interest provision that grants the First Amendment term loans an interest rate margin that is 0.25% less than the highest margin of any future term loan borrowings under the 2007 Credit Facility.

As previously noted, the First Amendment also modified the interest rates applicable to the term loans under the prior 2007 Credit Facility. Term loans thereunder accrue interest at a rate per annum equal to, at the option of the Borrower, (a) adjusted LIBOR plus a margin equal to 2.00% or (b) the greater of the prime rate set by Wells Fargo Bank, or the federal funds effective rate plus 0.50%, plus a margin equal to 1.00%. The terms of the previously outstanding borrowings were also modified to include a 1.00% prepayment premium corresponding to the prepayment premium applicable to the First Amendment term loans and a corresponding “most favored nation” interest provision.

Second Amendment to 2007 Credit Facility

On February 3, 2009, the borrowers entered into a Second Amendment to the 2007 Credit Facility.

The Second Amendment, among other things, permits the borrowers to repurchase term loans outstanding under the 2007 Credit Facility at prices below par through one or more Modified Dutch Auctions (as defined in the Second Amendment) through December 31, 2011, provided that: (a) no Default or Event of Default under the Credit Agreement has occurred and is continuing or would result from such repurchases, (b) the sum of Unrestricted Cash (as defined in the Second Amendment) and Accessible Borrowing Availability (as defined in the Second Amendment) under the 2007 Credit Facility is greater than or equal to $20.0 million; and (c) no Extension of Credit (as defined in the Second Amendment) is outstanding under the revolving credit facility before or after giving effect to such repurchases. The Second Amendment further provides that such repurchases may result in the prepayment of term loans on a non-pro rata basis. No debt repurchases are required to be made pursuant to the Second Amendment and we cannot provide any assurances that any such debt repurchases will be made or, if made, the prices at which such repurchases will be made. No debt repurchases were made during the year ended December 31, 2010.

The Second Amendment also reduces the aggregate principal amounts available under the 2007 Credit Facility, as follows: (a) for revolving loans, from $40.0 million to $20.0 million; (b) for the letter of credit subfacility, from $15.0 million to $5.0 million; and (c) for the swingline loan subfacility, from $10.0 million to $5.0 million.

In addition, the Second Amendment provides that Holdco may not incur additional term debt under the 2007 Credit Facility unless the Senior Secured Incurrence Test (as defined in the Second Amendment) is less than 4.00 to 1 and the current Incurrence Test (as defined in the Second Amendment) is satisfied. At December 31, 2010, Holdco was not able to incur additional debt under the 2007 Credit Facility.

In conjunction with the Second Amendment, we incurred and expensed approximately $550,000 of fees. The existing unamortized deferred financing fees that should be written off, in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 855, “Debt”, as a result of the decrease in borrowing capacity were not significant. We determined that the approximate net impact of $400,000 was immaterial and as a result we expensed the $550,000 of new fees and continue to amortize the existing deferred financing fees.

As required by the 2007 Credit Facility, as amended, on March 5, 2010, we made a principal payment of $2.5 million, which represented 50% of the Excess Cash Flow related to the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009. As of December 31, 2010, a total of $1.2 billion was outstanding under the 2007 Credit Facility; $668.6 million was outstanding under the term loan facility, $249.5 million was outstanding under the delayed draw

 

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term loan facility, $274.4 million was outstanding under the incremental term loan facility and no amounts were outstanding under the revolving credit facility. Following the filing of this Annual Report (Form 10-K) on March 1, 2011 we expect to make a principal payment of $11.2 million, which represents 50% of the Excess Cash Flow related to the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010, as required by the 2007 Credit Facility, as amended.

Note Payable

In connection with the acquisition of certain newspapers from Morris, we committed to pay a portion of the purchase price under a $10.0 million promissory note. During 2008, this note was amended to include the working capital settlement related to the acquisition. On May 1, 2009, we entered into a second amendment to the promissory note with Morris, which requires monthly payments of interest only from January through December of 2009. On September 25, 2009, we entered into an accommodation agreement and release with Morris, which extinguished the promissory note in exchange for a payment of $4.0 million. For the year ended December 31, 2009, we recognized a gain on early extinguishment of this debt in the amount of $7,538 million.

2008 Bridge Facility

On February 15, 2008, we and GateHouse Media Intermediate Holdco, Inc., a subsidiary of ours (“Holdco II”), (collectively, the “Bridge Borrower”) entered into the 2008 Bridge Facility with Barclays Capital (“Barclays”), as subsequently modified and amended. The 2008 Bridge Facility originally provided for a $20.6 million secured term loan facility. On June 7, 2010, we paid off in full the remaining balance under the 2008 Bridge Facility.

Preferred Stock Agreement with Subsidiary

On August 21, 2008, FIF III Liberty Holdings LLC (“FIF III”) purchased an aggregate of $11.5 million in 10% cumulative preferred stock of GateHouse Media Macomb Holdings, Inc. (“Macomb”), an operating subsidiary of ours. Macomb, an Unrestricted Subsidiary under the terms of the 2007 Credit Facility, used the proceeds from such sale of preferred stock to make an $11.5 million cash investment in Holdco non-voting 10% cumulative preferred stock. On December 7, 2010, FIF III exercised its right to require us to purchase its Macomb preferred stock. During the five-year period following the full repayment by the Company of its 2008 Bridge Facility, which repayment occurred in the second quarter of 2010, FIF III had the right to require us to purchase the preferred stock. We paid the purchase price of $14.1 million on December 8, 2010, which represented the sum of original purchase price of $11.5 million paid by FIF III for the Macomb preferred stock and accrued but unpaid dividends of $2.6 million. FIF III is an affiliate of Fortress Investment Group, LLC, the owner of approximately 39.6% of our outstanding common stock.

Compliance with Covenants

We currently are in compliance with all of the covenants and obligations under the 2007 Credit Facility, as amended. However, due to restrictive covenants and conditions within the facility, we currently do not have the ability to draw upon the revolving credit facility portion of the 2007 Credit Facility for any immediate short-term funding needs or to incur additional long-term debt and do not expect to be able to do so in the foreseeable future.

Fair Value

The fair value of our total long-term debt, determined based on estimated market prices for similar issues of debt with consistent remaining maturities and terms, total approximately $761 million.

 

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Payment Schedule

As of December 31, 2010, scheduled principal payments of outstanding debt are as follows (in thousands):

 

2011

     11,249   

2012

     —     

2013

     —     

2014

     1,181,238   
        
   $ 1,192,487   

Less: Short-Term Debt

     11,249   
        

Long-Term Debt

   $ 1,181,238   
        

Summary Disclosure About Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments

The following table reflects a summary of our contractual cash obligations, including estimated interest payments where applicable, as of December 31, 2010:

 

     2011      2012      2013      2014      2015      Thereafter      Total  
     (In Thousands)  

2007 Credit Facility

   $ 68,339       $ 57,032       $ 57,032       $ 1,218,738       $ —         $ —         $ 1,401,141   

Noncompete payments

     721         631         419         286         251         599         2,907   

Operating lease obligations

     3,978         3,749         3,569         3,368         2,398         3,845         20,907   

Letters of credit

     5,182         —           —           —           —           —           5,182   
                                                              

Total

   $ 78,220       $ 61,412       $ 61,020       $ 1,222,392       $ 2,649       $ 4,444       $ 1,430,137   
                                                              

The table above excludes future cash requirements for pension and postretirement obligations. The periods in which these obligations will be settled in cash are not readily determinable and are subject to numerous future events and assumptions. We estimate cash requirements for these obligations in 2011 totaling approximately $1,768. See Note 14 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included herein.

On February 27, 2007, we entered into the 2007 Credit Facility with a syndicate of financial institutions with Wells Fargo Bank as administrative agent. The 2007 Credit Facility provides for a $670.0 million term loan facility which matures in August 2014, a delayed draw term loan of up to $250.0 million available until August 2007 which matures in August, 2014 and a revolving credit agreement with a $40.0 million aggregate loan commitment available, including a $15.0 million sub-facility for letters of credit and a $10.0 million swingline facility, which matures in February 2014.

On May 7, 2007, we amended our 2007 Credit Facility and increased our borrowings by $275.0 million.

On February 3, 2009, we again amended our 2007 Credit Facility and reduced the amounts available under the credit agreement, as follows: (i) for revolving loans, from $40,000,000 to $20,000,000; (ii) for the letter of credit subfacility, from $15,000,000 to $5,000,000; and (iii) for the swingline loan subfacility, from $10,000,000 to $5,000,000.

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial statements.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In January 2010, the FASB issued guidance as Accounting Standards Updated (“ASU”) No. 2010-06, “Improving Disclosures about Fair Value Measurements,” which amends ASC 820. ASU No. 2010-06 amends

 

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the ASC to require disclosure of transfers into and out of Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements, and also require more detailed disclosure about the activity within Level 3 fair value measurements. The changes to the ASC as a result of this update are effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2009 (January 1, 2010 for us), except for requirements related to Level 3 disclosures, which are effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2010 (January 1, 2011 for us). This guidance requires new disclosures only, and did not have an impact on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

A non-GAAP financial measure is generally defined as one that purports to measure historical or future financial performance, financial position or cash flows, but excludes or includes amounts that would not be so adjusted in the most comparable GAAP measure. In this report, we define and use Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure, as set forth below.

Adjusted EBITDA

We define Adjusted EBITDA as follows:

Income (loss) from continuing operations before:

 

   

Income tax expense (benefit);

 

   

interest/financing expense;

 

   

depreciation and amortization; and

 

   

non-cash impairments.

Management’s Use of Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA is not a measurement of financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered in isolation or as an alternative to income from operations, net income (loss), cash flow from continuing operating activities or any other measure of performance or liquidity derived in accordance with GAAP. We believe this non-GAAP measure, as we have defined it, is helpful in identifying trends in our day-to-day performance because the items excluded have little or no significance on our day-to-day operations. This measure provides an assessment of controllable expenses and affords management the ability to make decisions which are expected to facilitate meeting current financial goals as well as achieve optimal financial performance. We believe that it also provides an indicator for management to determine if adjustments to current spending decisions are needed.

Adjusted EBITDA provides us with a measure of financial performance, independent of items that are beyond the control of management in the short-term, such as depreciation and amortization, taxation and interest expense associated with our capital structure. This metric measures our financial performance based on operational factors that management can impact in the short-term, namely the cost structure or expenses of the organization. Adjusted EBITDA is one of the metrics used by senior management and the board of directors to review the financial performance of the business on a monthly basis.

Limitations of Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool. It should not be viewed in isolation or as a substitute for GAAP measures of earnings or cash flows. Material limitations in making the adjustments to our earnings to calculate Adjusted EBITDA and using this non-GAAP financial measure as compared to GAAP net income (loss), include: the cash portion of interest/financing expense, income tax (benefit) provision and charges related to gain (loss) on sale of facilities represent charges (gains), which may significantly affect our financial results.

 

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Readers of our financial statements may find this item important in evaluating our performance, results of operations and financial position. We use non-GAAP financial measures to supplement our GAAP results in order to provide a more complete understanding of the factors and trends affecting our business.

Adjusted EBITDA is not an alternative to net income, income from operations or cash flows provided by or used in operations as calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP. Readers of our financial statements should not rely on Adjusted EBITDA as a substitute for any such GAAP financial measure. We strongly urge readers of our financial statements to review the reconciliation of income (loss) from continuing operations to Adjusted EBITDA, along with our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this report. We also strongly urge readers of our financial statements to not rely on any single financial measure to evaluate our business. In addition, because Adjusted EBITDA is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP and is susceptible to varying calculations, the Adjusted EBITDA measure, as presented in this report, may differ from and may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies.

We use Adjusted EBITDA as a measure of our core operating performance, which is evidenced by the publishing and delivery of news and other media and excludes certain expenses that may not be indicative of our core business operating results. We consider the unrealized (gain) loss on derivative instruments and the loss on early extinguishment of debt to be financing related costs associated with interest expense or amortization of financing fees. Accordingly, we exclude financing related costs such as the early extinguishment of debt because they represent the write-off of deferred financing costs and we believe these non-cash write-offs are similar to interest expense and amortization of financing fees, which by definition are excluded from Adjusted EBITDA. Additionally, the non-cash gains (losses) on derivative contracts, which are related to interest rate swap agreements to manage interest rate risk, are financing costs associated with interest expense. Such charges are incidental to, but not reflective of, our core operating performance and it is appropriate to exclude charges related to financing activities such as the early extinguishment of debt and the unrealized (gain) loss on derivative instruments which, depending on the nature of the financing arrangement, would have otherwise been amortized over the period of the related agreement and does not require a current cash settlement.

The table below shows the reconciliation of income (loss) from continuing operations to Adjusted EBITDA for the periods presented:

 

    Year Ended
December 31,
2010
    Year Ended
December 31,
2009
    Year Ended
December 31,
2008
    Year Ended
December 31,
2007
    Year Ended
December 31,
2006
 
    (In Thousands)  

Loss from continuing operations

  $ (26,191   $ (527,369   $ (658,795   $ (234,165   $ (2,486

Income tax expense (benefit)

    (155     342        (21,139     (31,861     (3,769

(Gain) loss on derivative instruments(1)

    8,277        12,672        10,119        2,378        (1,150

(Gain) loss on early extinguishment of debt(2)

    —         (7,538     —         2,240        2,086   

Amortization of deferred financing costs

    1,360        1,360        1,845        2,101        544   

Write-off of financing costs

    —          743        —          —          —     

Interest expense—debt

    60,034        64,631        88,630        76,726        35,994   

Impairment of long-lived assets

    430        206,089        123,717        1,553        917   

Depreciation and amortization

    46,118        55,749        69,913        57,092        23,610   

Goodwill and mastheads impairment

    —          275,310        488,543        225,820        —     
                                       

Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations

  $ 89,873 (a)    $ 81,989 (b)    $ 102,833 (c)    $ 101,884 (d)    $ 55,746 (e) 
                                       

 

(a)

Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2010 included net expenses of $8,365 which are one time in nature or non-cash compensation. Included in these net expenses of $8,365 is non-cash

 

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compensation and other expenses of $5,004, non-cash portion of post retirement benefits expense of $(649), integration and reorganization costs of $2,470 and $1,540 loss on the sale of assets.

Adjusted EBITDA also does not include $(33) of EBITDA generated from our discontinued operations.

 

(b) Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2009 included net expenses of $9,462 which are one time in nature or non-cash compensation. Included in these net expenses of $9,462 is non-cash compensation and other expenses of $8,634, non-cash portion of post retirement benefits expense of $(782), integration and reorganization costs of $2,028 and $418 gain on the sale of assets.

Adjusted EBITDA also does not include $(446) of EBITDA generated from our discontinued operations.

 

(c) Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2008 included net expenses of $24,149 which are one time in nature or non-cash compensation. Included in these net expenses of $24,149 is non-cash compensation and other expenses of $18,198, non-cash portion of post retirement benefits expense of $(1,499), integration and reorganization costs of $7,113 and $337 loss on the sale of assets.

Adjusted EBITDA also does not include $4,392 of EBITDA generated from our discontinued operations.

 

(d) Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2007 included net expenses of $23,791 which are one-time in nature or non-cash compensation. Included in these net expenses of $23,791 is non-cash compensation and other expense of $14,007, non-cash portion of postretirement benefits expense of $799, integration and reorganization costs of $7,490 and a $1,495 loss on the sale of assets.

Adjusted EBITDA also does not include $10,189 from SureWest Directories due to the impact of purchase accounting and $4,956 of EBITDA generated from our discontinued operations, including Huntington, West Virginia, Yankton, South Dakota and Winter Haven, Florida.

 

(e) Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2006 included net expenses of $11,109 which are one-time in nature or non-cash compensation. Included in these net expenses of $11,109 is non-cash compensation and other expense of $5,175, non-cash portion of postretirement benefit expense of $748, integration and reorganization costs of $4,486 and a $700 loss on the sale of assets.

Adjusted EBITDA also does not include $1,860 of EBITDA generated from our discontinued operations.

 

(1) Non-cash (gain) loss on derivative instruments is related to interest rate swap agreements which are financing related and are excluded from Adjusted EBITDA.
(2) Non-cash write-off of deferred financing costs are similar to interest expense and amortization of financing fees and are excluded from Adjusted EBITDA.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

We are exposed to market risk from changes in interest rates and commodity prices. Changes in these factors could cause fluctuations in earnings and cash flow. In the normal course of business, exposure to certain of these market risks is managed as described below.

Interest Rates

On August 18, 2008, we terminated interest rate swaps with a total notional amount of $570.0 million. At December 31, 2010, after consideration of the interest rate swaps described below, $570.0 million of the remaining principal amount of our term loans are subject to floating interest rates.

Our debt structure and interest rate risks are managed through the use of floating rate debt and interest rate swaps. Our primary exposure is to LIBOR. A 100 basis point change in LIBOR would change our income from continuing operations before income taxes on an annualized basis by approximately $5.3 million, based on average pro forma floating rate debt outstanding during 2010, after consideration of the interest rate swaps of $625.0 million described below, and average amounts outstanding under the 2008 Bridge Facility and revolving credit facility during 2010.

 

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On February 27, 2007, we executed an interest rate swap in the notional amount of $100.0 million with a forward starting date of February 28, 2007. The interest rate swap has a term of seven years. Under this swap, we pay an amount to the swap counterparty representing interest on a notional amount at a rate of 5.14% and receive an amount from the swap counterparty representing, interest on the notional amount at a rate equal to the one month LIBOR.

On April 4, 2007, we executed an additional interest rate swap in the notional amount of $250.0 million with a forward starting date of April 13, 2007. The interest rate swap has a term of seven years. Under this swap, we pay an amount to the swap counterparty representing interest on a notional amount at a rate of 4.971% and receive an amount from the swap counterparty representing interest on the notional amount at a rate equal to one month LIBOR.

On April 13, 2007, we executed an additional interest rate swap in the notional amount of $200.0 million with a forward starting date of April 30, 2007. The interest rate swap has a term of seven years. Under this swap, we pay an amount to the swap counterparty representing interest on a notional amount at a rate of 5.079% and receive an amount from the swap counterparty representing interest on the notional amount at a rate equal to one month LIBOR.

On September 18, 2007, we executed an additional interest rate swap based on a notional amount of $75.0 million with a forward starting date of September 18, 2007. The interest rate swap has a term of seven years. Under the swap, we pay an amount to the swap counterparty representing interest on a notional amount at a rate of 4.941% and receive an amount from the swap counterparty representing interest on the notional amount at a rate equal to one month LIBOR.

Commodities

Certain materials we use are subject to commodity price changes. We manage this risk through instruments such as purchase orders, membership in a buying consortium and continuing programs to mitigate the impact of cost increases through identification of sourcing and operating efficiencies. Primary commodity price exposures are newsprint, energy costs and, to a lesser extent, ink.

A $10 per metric ton newsprint price change would result in a corresponding annualized change in our income from continuing operations before income taxes of $0.6 million based on newsprint usage for the year ended December 31, 2010 of approximately 55,100 metric tons.

 

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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

GATEHOUSE MEDIA, INC.

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

     Page  

Consolidated Financial Statements:

  

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

     70   

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2010 and 2009

     71   

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2010, December  31, 2009 and December 31, 2008

     72   

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) for the years ended December  31, 2010, December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008

     73   

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2010, December  31, 2009 and December 31, 2008

     74   

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     75   

 

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

The Board of Directors and Stockholders of

GateHouse Media, Inc.

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of GateHouse Media, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity (deficit), and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2010. Our audits also included the financial statement schedule listed in the Index at Item 15(a). These financial statements and schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and schedule based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. We were not engaged to perform an audit of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of GateHouse Media, Inc. and subsidiaries at December 31, 2010 and 2009, and the consolidated results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2010, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Also, in our opinion, the related financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly in all material respects the information set forth therein.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

Rochester, New York

March 1, 2011

 

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GATEHOUSE MEDIA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share data)

 

     December 31,
2010
    December 31,
2009
 
ASSETS     

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 9,738      $ 5,734   

Restricted cash

     5,182        5,265   

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $3,260 and $4,569 at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively

     61,512        67,669   

Inventory

     7,731        7,049   

Prepaid expenses

     10,506        5,128   

Other current assets

     7,253        6,873   
                

Total current assets

     101,922        97,718   

Property, plant, and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $101,739 and $81,493 at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively

     152,293        171,572   

Goodwill

     14,343        14,343   

Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $154,927 and $130,472 at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively

     271,061        295,731   

Deferred financing costs, net

     4,334        5,695   

Other assets

     1,400        5,442   

Assets held for sale

     974        1,428   
                

Total assets

   $ 546,327      $ 591,929   
                
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT     

Current liabilities:

    

Current portion of long-term liabilities

   $ 1,224      $ 14,369   

Short-term debt

     —          8,000   

Current portion of long-term debt

     11,249        2,513   

Accounts payable

     5,905        6,075   

Accrued expenses

     26,766        28,598   

Accrued interest

     2,805        3,235   

Deferred revenue

     27,348        27,826   
                

Total current liabilities

     75,297        90,616   

Long-term liabilities:

    

Long-term debt

     1,181,238        1,192,487   

Long-term liabilities, less current portion

     3,636        4,733   

Derivative instruments

     65,490        44,522   

Pension and other postretirement benefit obligations

     12,787        13,147   
                

Total liabilities

     1,338,448        1,345,505   
                

Stockholders’ deficit:

    

Common stock, $0.01 par value, 150,000,000 shares authorized at December 31, 2010; 58,313,868 and 58,313,868 shares issued, and 58,078,607 and 58,104,009 outstanding at December 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively

     568        568   

Additional paid-in capital

     830,787        829,009   

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (62,614     (48,916

Accumulated deficit

     (1,559,465     (1,533,421

Treasury stock, at cost, 235,261 and 209,859 shares at December 31, 2010, and December 31, 2009, respectively

     (310     (306
                

Total GateHouse Media stockholders’ deficit

     (791,034     (753,066

Noncontrolling interest

     (1,087     (510
                

Total stockholders’ deficit

     (792,121     (753,576
                

Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit

   $ 546,327      $ 591,929   
                

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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GATEHOUSE MEDIA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

     Year Ended
December 31,
2010
    Year Ended
December 31,
2009
    Year Ended
December 31,
2008
 

Revenues:

      

Advertising

   $ 395,618      $ 409,484      $ 492,251   

Circulation