10-K 1 d648718d10k.htm 10-K 10-K
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

 

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission file number 001-35215

 

 

HomeAway, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   20-0970381

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

1011 W Fifth Street, Suite 300

Austin, Texas

  78703
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip code)

(512) 684-1100

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share  

The NASDAQ Select Market LLC

(Nasdaq Global Select Market)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

 

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer   x     Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   ¨   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)   Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

Based on the closing price of the registrant’s common stock on the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, which was June 30, 2013, the aggregate market value of its shares held by non-affiliates on that date was approximately $1,891,851,709.

On February 20, 2014, 92,409,446 shares of common stock were outstanding.

 

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

The information required by Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, to the extent not set forth herein, is incorporated herein by reference from the registrant’s definitive proxy statement relating to the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held in 2014, which definitive proxy statement shall be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year to which this Annual Report on Form 10-K relates.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

Form 10-K

For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2013

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

          Page  
   Part I   
Item 1.    Business      1   
Item 1A.    Risk Factors      9   
Item 1B.    Unresolved Staff Comments      28   
Item 2.    Properties      28   
Item 3.    Legal Proceedings      28   
Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures      28   
   Part II   
Item 5.    Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities      29   
Item 6.    Selected Financial Data      31   
Item 7.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      36   
Item 7A.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk      65   
Item 8.    Financial Statements and Supplementary Data      65   
Item 9.    Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure      65   
Item 9A.    Controls and Procedures      65   
Item 9B.    Other Information      67   
   Part III   
Item 10.    Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance      68   
Item 11.    Executive Compensation      71   
Item 12.    Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters      71   
Item 13.    Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence      71   
Item 14.    Principal Accounting Fees and Services      71   
   Part IV   
Item 15.    Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules      72   


Table of Contents

PART I

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Discussions under the captions “Business,” “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These include statements that involve expectations, plans or intentions (such as those relating to future business, future results of operations or financial condition, new or planned features or services, or management strategies) based on our management’s current beliefs and assumptions. You can identify these forward-looking statements by words such as “may,” “will,” “would,” “should,” “could,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan” and other similar expressions. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in our forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include, among others, those discussed under the caption “Risk Factors” of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, as well as in our consolidated financial statements, related notes, and the other information appearing elsewhere in this report and our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC. Given these risks and uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. We do not intend, and, except as required by law, we undertake no obligation, to update any of our forward-looking statements after the date of this report to reflect actual results or future events or circumstances. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.

Item 1. Business.

Overview

HomeAway, Inc. and its subsidiaries (“HomeAway,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our”) operate the world’s largest online marketplace for the vacation rental industry. Vacation rentals are fully furnished, privately owned residential properties, including homes, condominiums, villas and cabins, that property owners and managers rent to the public on a nightly, weekly or monthly basis. Our marketplace brings together millions of travelers seeking vacation rentals online with hundreds of thousands of property owners and managers of vacation rental properties located in 190 countries around the world. As of December 31, 2013, we operated our online marketplace through 50 websites in 21 languages. In 2013, according to our internal metrics, our websites attracted approximately 750 million website visits. As of December 31, 2013, our global marketplace included approximately 890,000 paid listings of vacation rentals.

Our portfolio includes the leading vacation rental websites HomeAway.com, VRBO.com and VacationRentals.com in the United States; HomeAway.co.uk and OwnersDirect.co.uk in the United Kingdom; HomeAway.de in Germany; Abritel.fr and Homelidays.com in France; HomeAway.es and Toprural.com in Spain; AlugueTemporada.com.br in Brazil; Stayz.com.au and HomeAway.com.au in Australia; and Bookabach.co.nz in New Zealand. We also own the Asia Pacific short-term rental site, travelmob.com.

In addition, we operate BedandBreakfast.com, the most comprehensive global site for finding bed and breakfast properties, providing travelers with another source for unique lodging alternatives to hotels, and HomeAway Software for Professionals at software.HomeAway.com, to offer software solutions to property managers and innkeepers.

Our ambition is to make every vacation rental in the world available to every traveler in the world through our online marketplace. Our online marketplace serves two major constituents: property owners and managers on one side and travelers on the other. Property owners and managers pay listing fees to provide detailed listings of their properties on our websites and reach a broad audience of travelers seeking vacation rentals. These listing fees have historically been in the form of a subscription that is generally for an annual period, however, we recently added a new pay-per-booking commission based product in the U.S. whereby a property owner or manager can pay for a listing on a performance basis. Travelers visit our marketplace at no charge and are able to

 

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search and compare our large and detailed inventory of paid listings to find vacation rentals meeting their requirements.

Historically, we have derived the majority of our revenue from the sale of paid subscription listings on our websites to property owners and professional property managers. In the fourth quarter of 2013, we launched a performance-based pay-per-booking commission product in the U.S. that allows owners and managers to list their property on our marketplace and pay a commission per booking in lieu of a pre-paid subscription fee. At the end of 2013, this pay-per-booking product was available on HomeAway.com in the U.S. and to large property managers on select HomeAway websites in Europe. We also continue to offer pay-per-lead listings which allow property managers to pay a fee from email and telephone inquiries from travelers. We consider both pay-per-booking and pay-per-lead to be performance-based listings. In addition to the various products that comprise our listing revenues, we also generate revenue from the sales of services provided to travelers, Internet display-based advertising on our websites, property management software licenses and related maintenance and BedandBreakfast.com gift cards. In addition, we generate revenue from commissions earned through transactions with partners who provide products and services such as advertising the properties of our property owners and managers on their websites, insurance products and payment processing services.

The global vacation rental industry is large and growing, but also fragmented and inefficient. As we have grown, we have benefited by the network effect of having both a broad selection of vacation rental listings and a large audience of travelers. The broad selection of vacation rental listings attracts more travelers and the large audience of travelers in turn attracts more vacation rental listings from property owners and managers. The broad selection of listings helps travelers find the right vacation rental property and the large audience of travelers helps property owners and managers ensure their properties are booked.

HomeAway, Inc. was incorporated in 2004 as CEH Holdings, Inc. in the State of Delaware. In 2006, we changed our name to HomeAway, Inc. Our principal executive offices are located at 1011 W. Fifth Street, Suite 300, Austin, Texas 78703 and our telephone number is (512) 684-1100. Our corporate website address is www.HomeAway.com. We do not incorporate the information contained on, or accessible through, our websites into this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We completed our initial public offering in July 2011, and our common stock is listed on The NASDAQ Global Select Market, or NASDAQ, under the symbol “AWAY.”

Acquisitions

Since our inception, we have acquired 21 businesses as part of our growth strategy. Each of these acquisitions has been accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting. Accordingly, the financial statements for these businesses have been included in our consolidated financial results since the applicable acquisition dates. The most recent acquisitions were travelmob Pte. Ltd. in Singapore, Bookabach Limited in New Zealand and Stayz Pty Limited in Australia during August 2013, November 2013 and December 2013, respectively. These acquisitions further provide the Company the opportunity to address the growing market needs in the Asia Pacific region for the short-term vacation rental industry.

Our acquisitions have presented, and certain of them continue to present, significant integration challenges. They have required us to integrate new operations, offices and employees and to formulate and execute on marketing, product and technology strategies associated with the acquired businesses. In some cases, we continue to manage multiple brands and technology platforms of the acquired businesses, which has increased our cost of operations. Challenges of this nature are likely to arise if we acquire businesses in the future.

Products and Services

Products and Services for Property Owners and Managers

Paid Listings. Paid listings accounted for 85.0%, 85.0% and 86.6% of our revenue in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. We define a paid listing as an advertisement for a property paid via subscription or on a

 

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performance basis and displayed on one or more websites in our marketplace. Although listings may be displayed on multiple sites, a paid listing is counted only one time on its native HomeAway brand, or HomeAway website from which the listing originated.

Subscription-based paid listings are purchased in advance by property owners or managers as a form of advertising to promote their vacation rentals to prospective travelers on one or more of our websites, typically for one year. On our websites that offer tiered pricing to our property owners and managers, we generally offer five pricing levels – classic, bronze, silver, gold or platinum. Property owners and managers can pay for higher search results placement for their paid subscription by purchasing a higher subscription level or tier; however, the results may also be sorted by the traveler based on location, type of property, size or other criteria.

Performance-based paid listings allow property owners and managers to list a property with no initial upfront fees and, instead, pay us commissions on traveler bookings or fees on traveler inquiries.

A paid listing includes a set of tools for the property owner or manager which enables them to manage an availability calendar, reservations, inquiries and the content of the listing. These tools allow the property owner or manager to create the listing by uploading photographs, text descriptions or lists of amenities, a map showing the location of the property, and property availability, all of which can be updated throughout the term of the listing. Each listing provides travelers the ability to use email or other methods to contact property owners and managers.

ReservationManager™ . ReservationManager is our online payments platform and includes tools and services to help property owners and managers run their vacation rental businesses more efficiently. ReservationManager enables property owners and managers to respond to and manage inquiries, prepare and send rental quotes and payment invoices, allow travelers to book online, including being able to enter into rental agreements with travelers online, and process online payments via credit card or eCheck. Additionally in some countries, through ReservationManager, property owners and managers can make value-added products such as property damage protection available to travelers for purchase. ReservationManager is provided at no additional charge to property owners and managers with paid listings on HomeAway.com, VRBO.com, HomeAway.co.uk, HomeAway.de and Abritel.fr, and we expect to offer this product on other websites in the coming years. Property owners and managers that elect to process online payments using ReservationManager are subject to a transaction fee.

Enhanced Listing Features. Property owners and managers may purchase additional enhancements to their listings to increase the marketing exposure of their properties on certain of our websites, such as:

 

   

Cross-Sell Listings or Bundles: For an additional fee, property owners and managers can provide their full listings on more than one of our websites, including websites in other geographies.

 

   

Featured Listings, Special Offers and Deals: Property owners and managers may purchase additional enhancements to their listings to increase the marketing exposure of their vacation rentals on one or more of the websites comprising our online marketplace. These optional enhancements may include featuring a given vacation rental in the search result pages on our websites, enhancing the presentation of their listing in search results on our websites or promoting special price offers.

 

   

Luxury Listings: Qualified vacation rental properties with a paid listing on HomeAway.com are displayed on the HomeAway Luxury website, in addition to the website from which the listing originated. For property owners and managers with exceptional vacation rental properties and services, as determined by a third party, we believe Luxury Rentals from HomeAway provides an additional marketing channel to access our audience of highly targeted, experience-focused travelers.

Property Management Software. Property managers can use our enterprise and web-based software solutions to manage their businesses, customers and properties. We provide software solutions to property managers under the brand names HomeAway Software for Professionals, Escapia, PropertyPlus, V12, Entech

 

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and First Resort and offer software tailored to professional bed and breakfast innkeepers under the brand names Webervations and Rezovations. Our software solutions enable professional property managers and innkeepers to manage inventory, reservations, and the check-in and check-out process, as well as schedule maid service and maintenance. In addition, our software produces escrow statements required by owners of their property managers. We provide applications both on a software-as-a-service basis and under perpetual software licenses. We receive licensing, maintenance and subscription fees directly from our property manager customers.

Third-Party Services. Through third parties, we offer property owners and managers several ancillary products and services on selected websites. These products and services include credit card merchant accounts, trip insurance and property damage protection, and tax return services. These services are sometimes integrated into ReservationManager and our other property owner and manager tools. We generally receive a percentage of the revenue generated from the sale of these third-party products and services through our websites.

Redistribution of Listings. Through our professional software for bed and breakfasts and professional property managers, we make selected, online bookable properties available to online travel agencies, including Expedia, Travelocity and Priceline, as well as channel partners such as FlipKey.com and PackLate.com. We receive a percentage of the transaction value or a fee from the property manager for making this inventory available to these channel partners.

Property Owner and Manager Community. We provide resources for property owners and managers to seek advice and obtain answers to optimize their business. These resources include a community site, email newsletters, online forums and online seminars. Through these resources, we provide helpful information to property owners and managers on topics such as building a better listing, methods for increasing bookings, tips on managing the vacation rental process, safeguards against fraud, vacation rental regulations and other relevant industry news. We also provide sample contracts, forms and checklists without charge for use by property owners and managers.

Products and Services for Travelers

The following products and services are offered to travelers at no cost.

Search and Compare. Our online marketplace provides travelers with tools to search for vacation rentals based on various criteria, such as location, type of property, number of bedrooms, amenities, availability or keywords. Our comparison function then allows travelers to filter queries by desired property criteria and sort search results by criteria, such as price and number of bedrooms.

Traveler Login. Travelers are able to create accounts that enable them to log in to certain of our websites. Travelers can then send inquiries to property owners and managers without having to fill in their information for each inquiry. They can also benefit from other features such as the ability to save lists of favorite properties and send them to family and friends.

Trust and Security. We review new listings selectively for content, appropriateness, and quality of description. Using a combination of technology and human review, listings are screened for indications of illegitimacy or fraud with the goal of providing only accurate and trustworthy information to travelers. Travelers who find and book a property listed on our websites may register their trips to qualify for fraud protection under our “Basic Rental Guarantee,” which provides them with financial protection up to certain established limits if the property found on our website is illegitimate, not as advertised, or not available to the traveler upon check-in, and, as a result, the traveler incurs a financial loss. Additionally, we provide a secure method of communication under our recently launched “HomeAway Secure Communications” system whereby communication between owners or property managers and the travelers who want to inquire about or book their properties occurs in a secure, authenticated environment on the HomeAway system rather than a third party email platform. This system is currently available in the U.S., and we expect to release this feature to other global websites in 2014.

 

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Listing Reviews and Ratings. Travelers are invited to submit online reviews of the vacation rentals they have rented through our websites. These reviews are intended to convey the accuracy of the listing information found on our websites.

Traveler Community. Travelers who have made at least one inquiry on one of our websites are maintained in a database and receive regular communications, including notices about places of interest, special offers, new listings, and an email newsletter. The newsletter is available to any traveler who agrees to receive it and offers introductions to new destinations and vacation rentals, as well as tips and useful information when staying in vacation rentals.

Mobile Websites and Applications. We provide versions of our websites formatted for web browsers on smartphones and tablets so that travelers can access our websites and find and inquire about vacation rentals when they are away from a computer. We also provide applications for travelers to find and inquire about vacation rentals using their smartphones and tablets.

Value-Added Services

We offer the following value-added services to property owners and managers as well as to travelers.

Carefree Rental Guarantee. In addition to the “Basic Rental Guarantee” described above, which is offered at no cost to travelers, we offer a Carefree Rental Guarantee in the United States for a fee, which provides additional financial protection against fraud if the property found on our website is illegitimate, not as advertised, or not available to the traveler upon check-in, and, as a result, the traveler incurs a financial loss.

Insurance Products. We have contracted with third party insurance providers to offer travelers insurance products for purchase to protect against unexpected events relating to their trips, such as property damage protection, trip cancellation protection, personal liability, medical fees and legal expenses.

Tax Filing Services. To assist our property owners and managers in complying with applicable tax regulations, we contract with a third party in the United States to offer tax preparation and filing services for our property owners and managers.

Advertising

Display Advertising. We sell Internet display advertising on the majority of our websites. Advertisers, including those offering complementary products of interest to the visitors to our websites, are able to purchase advertising positions for a fee based upon the number of impressions and the placement of the advertisement on the page. Advertising impressions are currently available on the majority of highly trafficked pages on our online marketplace.

Sponsorships and Site Integrations. We sell sponsorships and site integrations to selected advertisers on our online marketplace. Sponsors purchase a certain number of impressions for a fee, or in the case of site integrations, pay us on a cost-per-action basis.

Competition

The market to provide listing, searching and marketing services for the vacation rental industry is highly competitive and fragmented with limited barriers to entry. Each of the services that we provide to property owners, managers and travelers is currently provided to property owners, managers and travelers by other companies that compete with us. Furthermore, vacation rentals are not typically marketed exclusively through any single channel and our listing agreements are not exclusive. Accordingly, our competitors could aggregate a set of listings similar to ours. We believe that we compete primarily on the basis of the quantity of our listings,

 

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the quality of the direct relationships we have with property owners and managers, the volume of travelers who visit our websites, the business we provide to our property owners and managers, the global diversity of the vacation rentals available on our websites, the quality of our websites, tools provided to our property owners and managers to assist them with their businesses, customer service, brand identity, the success of our marketing programs and price.

Our principal competitors include:

 

   

other vacation and short-term rental listing websites, such as TripAdvisor.com and Airbnb.com;

 

   

websites that list both rooms to rent as well as vacation rentals, such as Airbnb.com, Wimdu.com and HouseTrip.com;

 

   

professional property managers who charge a percentage of booking revenue for their services, such as Wyndam Worldwide Corp. and InterHome, AG;

 

   

hotels that offer larger rooms and amenities common in vacation rentals, such as Hyatt Vacation Clubs and Four Seasons Resorts;

 

   

websites that aggregate listings from property managers who advertise and take bookings on the behalf of property managers, such as VacationRoost and Perfect Places, Inc. in the U.S. and Atraveo and eDomizil in Europe;

 

   

online travel websites, such as those operated by Expedia.com, Hotels.com, Kayak.com, Booking.com, Orbitz.com, priceline.com and Travelocity.com, which have traditionally provided comprehensive travel services and may expand or are now expanding into the vacation rental category;

 

   

timeshare exchange companies, such as Interval International, Inc. and RCI, LLC;

 

   

large Internet companies, such as craigslist, Inc., eBay Inc., Google Inc., MSN.com and Yahoo!, which provide vacation rental listing or search services in addition to a wide variety of other products or services; and

 

   

offline publishers of classified vacation rental listings, including regional newspapers and travel-related magazines.

For a discussion of the risks attendant to the highly competitive nature of our market, see the information under the heading “Risk Factors” under the caption “The market in which we participate is highly competitive, and we may not be able to compete successfully with our current or future competitors.

Seasonality

Property owners and managers tend to buy subscription listings at times when travelers are most likely to make vacation plans. The timing depends on whether travelers are taking a winter or summer vacation and tends to vary by country. Historically, we have experienced the highest level of new and renewed subscription listings in the first quarter of the year, which is typically when travelers are making plans for summer vacations in the United States and Europe. The lowest level of new subscription listings and renewals has occurred in the third quarter. By the fourth quarter, we typically see property owners and managers of winter vacation destinations list and renew subscriptions in time to meet the needs of travelers planning those trips. Other vacation areas outside of the United States and Europe, such as Brazil and Australia, also have seasonality, but the seasonality may not be reflected in the same quarters. This seasonality may not be readily apparent in our revenue due to the ratable recognition of subscription listing revenue. However, the seasonality results in higher cash flows during the first quarter as most listings are annual and fully paid subscription listings at the time the listing is purchased.

As we grow our performance-based listings, we will recognize commission revenue when the vacation stay occurs. This may introduce additional seasonality based on the normal vacation months. We also experience seasonality in the number of visitors to our websites, with the first quarter similarly having the highest number of

 

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visitors. This is reflected in our quarterly financial results when we add customer service staff and hosting capabilities to support the increase.

Technology and Infrastructure

We have developed proprietary systems architecture to create, maintain and operate our websites. This technology consists of internal development by our staff of designers, developers and engineers and software acquired or licensed from outside developers and companies. Our systems are designed to serve property owners, managers and travelers in an automated and scalable fashion. While we use a variety of technologies, the majority of our software systems are written in Java and .Net. Our product development expenses were $58.2 million, $43.2 million and $32.7 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

Our websites are hosted using a combination of third-party data centers distributed globally across multiple regions. Our systems architecture has been designed to manage increases in traffic on our websites through the addition of server and network hardware without making software changes. Our third-party data centers provide our online marketplace with scalable and redundant Internet connectivity and redundant power and cooling to our hosting environments. All of our third-party data centers provide synchronized copies of their databases on a daily basis to our offsite backup location in the United States. We use security methods to ensure the integrity of our networks and protection of confidential data collected and stored on our servers, and we have developed and use internal policies and procedures to protect the personal information of our property owners, managers and travelers using our websites that we collect and use as part of our normal operations. Access to our networks, and the servers and databases on which confidential data is stored, is protected by industry standard firewall technology. We test for unauthorized external access to the network daily using automated services and conduct periodic audits performed by outsourced security consultants. Physical access to our servers and related equipment is secured by limiting access to the data center to operations personnel only.

Intellectual Property

Our intellectual property includes the content of our websites, our registered domain names, our registered and unregistered trademarks and our patent applications. We believe that our intellectual property is an essential asset of our business and that our registered domain names and our technology infrastructure currently give us a competitive advantage in the online market for vacation rental listings. We rely on a combination of trademark, copyright and trade secret laws in the United States, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Europe, Latin America, New Zealand and Singapore, as well as contractual provisions, to protect our proprietary technology and our brands. We currently have trademarks registered or pending in the United States, Europe and Canada for our name and certain words and phrases that we use in our business. We also rely on copyright laws to protect software relating to our websites and our proprietary technologies, although to date we have not registered for copyright protection. We have registered numerous Internet domain names related to our business in order to protect our proprietary interests. As of December 31, 2013 we had six patent applications and no issued patents. We also enter into confidentiality and invention assignment agreements with our employees and consultants and seek to control access to and distribution of our proprietary information in a commercially prudent manner. The efforts we have taken to protect our intellectual property may not be sufficient or effective, and, despite these precautions, it may be possible for other parties to copy or otherwise obtain and use the content of our websites without authorization. Please see the information under the heading “Risk Factors” under the caption “If we do not adequately protect our intellectual property, our ability to compete could be impaired.”

Employees

We employed 1,542 full-time and part-time employees at December 31, 2013. Additionally, we use independent contractors and temporary personnel to supplement our workforce, particularly on a seasonal basis. Although we have works councils and statutory employee representation obligations in certain countries, our employees are not represented by a labor union and we consider our employee relations to be good. Competition

 

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for qualified personnel in our industry has historically been intense, particularly for software engineers and developers and other technical staff.

Segments

We operate as one operating segment consisting of products and services related to our online marketplace of rental listing websites. For a discussion of revenue, net income and total assets, see Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Geographic Information

Financial information about geographic areas is set forth in Note 14 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. For a discussion of the risks attendant to foreign operations, see the information under the heading “Risk Factors” under the caption “Our long-term success depends, in part, on our ability to expand our property owner, manager and traveler bases outside of the United States and, as a result, our business is susceptible to risks associated with international operations.”

Available Information

Our Internet address is www.HomeAway.com. Our investor relations website is located at http://investors.HomeAway.com. We make available free of charge on our investor relations website under the headings “Financial Information” and “SEC Filings” our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports as soon as reasonably practicable after such materials are electronically filed with (or furnished to) the SEC. Information contained on our websites is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K. In addition, the public may read and copy materials we file with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, DC 20549. The public may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. In addition, the SEC maintains an Internet site, www.sec.gov, that includes filings of and information about issuers that file electronically with the SEC.

 

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Item 1A. Risk Factors.

Risks Related to Our Business

If we are unable to attract and maintain a critical mass of vacation rental listings and travelers, whether due to competition or other factors, our marketplace will become less valuable to property owners and managers and to travelers, and our revenue and net income could decrease materially.

Most of our revenue is generated when owners or managers of vacation rentals pay us listing fees, by subscription or a booking commission, to list and market vacation rentals to travelers who visit the websites comprising our marketplace. While we generate revenue from other products and services on our websites targeted at property owners, managers and travelers, our success primarily depends on our ability to attract owners, managers, travelers and advertisers who want to reach them to our marketplace. If property owners and managers choose not to market their vacation rentals through our websites, or elect to list them with a competitor instead of listing with us, we may be unable to offer a sufficient supply and variety of vacation properties to attract travelers to our websites. If we are unable to attract travelers to our websites, advertisers may not purchase display advertising on our websites. Similarly, our volume of new listings and listing renewals may suffer if we are unable to attract travelers to our websites. The perceived usefulness of our online marketplace is likely to decline, and our revenue and net income could decrease materially as a result of any of these events.

Our business depends substantially on property owners and managers renewing their subscription listings. Because we recognize revenue over the term of the applicable agreement, the lack of subscription-based listing renewals may not immediately be reflected in our operating results.

Our business depends substantially on property owners and managers renewing their subscription listings. Any decline in our subscription listing renewals would harm our future operating results. Property owners and managers generally market their vacation rentals on our websites pursuant to annual listings paid in advance with no obligation to renew them. We may be unable to predict future listing renewal rates accurately, and our renewal rates may decline materially or fluctuate as a result of a number of factors, including property owners’ decisions to sell or cease renting their properties or to utilize the services of our competitors, or dissatisfaction with our pricing, products, services or websites. Property owners and managers may not establish or renew listings if we cannot generate visits from large numbers of travelers seeking, inquiring about or booking vacation rentals.

In addition, from time to time we make changes that impact our customers, including changes to the features of listings available for purchase, the operation of website tools used by property owners and managers in the operation of their rental property and the pricing for the listings and features of our listings. While such changes may be intended to result in customer satisfaction, there can be no guarantee that the changes will perform as expected or that property owners and managers will react positively to the changes and they may choose not to renew their listings. For example, we offer different subscription levels on many of our websites and property owners and managers may not be satisfied with the subscription level they purchase. In 2013, we also introduced the ability for property owners and managers to list on a commission basis without paying a subscription fee. Subscription-based customers may choose not to renew their subscriptions and list on a commission basis, which could result in decreased revenue. If property owners and managers do not renew their subscription listings at all or at the same level or if we are forced to accept renewals on less favorable terms, our revenue may decline and our business will suffer. Moreover, some of our property owners and managers may live in states or countries that give subscribers the right to cancel their subscription agreements prior to the expiration of the terms of their agreements and receive refunds for the unused portions of their subscriptions, which can adversely affect our cash flows.

We recognize subscription listing revenue ratably over the term of the applicable listing agreement, and the majority of our quarterly revenue represents revenue attributable to listings entered into during previous quarters. As a result, the effect of significant downturns in new listings or renewals of listings in a particular quarter will not be fully reflected in our results of operations until future periods. Our business model also makes it difficult

 

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for any rapid increase in new or renewed listings to increase our revenue in any one period because revenue from new and renewed subscription listings must be recognized over the applicable listing term.

Our quarterly financial results are subject to fluctuations. As a result, we could fail to meet or exceed our projections or the expectations of analysts or investors, which could cause our stock price to decline.

Our revenue, expenses, operating results and cash flows have fluctuated from quarter to quarter in the past and are likely to continue to do so in the future. These fluctuations are due to, or may result from, many factors, some of which are outside of our control and many of which are difficult to predict, including:

 

   

the quantity of vacation rental listings on our websites;

 

   

changes in cash flow due to the seasonal nature of our listing renewals and new listing acquisition;

 

   

changes in cash flow due to customers purchasing commission-based listings, which generate a commission due to us from bookings, the timing and quantity of which are difficult to predict;

 

   

changes by major online search engine companies in their search algorithms, our ability to adapt to these changes and the increased costs of adapting to these changes, which could cause us to spend more on marketing or cause our websites to cease appearing in natural search results completely;

 

   

advertising costs for paid search keywords that we deem relevant to our business and the success and costs of our broad reach and online advertising and marketing initiatives;

 

   

costs related to acquisitions or licensing of, or investments in, products, services, technologies or other businesses and our ability to successfully integrate and manage these acquisitions;

 

   

the amount and timing of operating expenses and capital expenditures related to the expansion of our operations and infrastructure;

 

   

the timing of revenue and expenses related to the development or acquisition and integration of technologies, products or businesses;

 

   

the timing and success of changes in our pricing or services;

 

   

the introduction and performance of new products or services;

 

   

the introduction of new products or services by our competitors;

 

   

our ability to keep our websites operating without technical difficulties or service interruptions;

 

   

development of or increases in fraud impacting our property owners and managers and travelers attempting to rent from them, including theft of our property owners’ or managers’ online identities through phishing or other security breaches of the email or other systems of ours or our customers;

 

   

declines or disruptions in the travel industry, particularly in regions where we generate substantial revenue;

 

   

economic instability abroad and fluctuations in exchange rates;

 

   

changes in the timing of holidays or other vacation events;

 

   

litigation and settlement costs, including unforeseen attorneys’ fees and costs;

 

   

costs relating to potential strategic transactions, which may or may not actually close;

 

   

new accounting pronouncements and changes in accounting standards or practices, particularly any affecting the recognition of listing revenue or accounting for mergers and acquisitions; and

 

   

new laws or regulations, or interpretations of existing laws or regulations, that harm our business models or restrict the Internet, e-commerce, online payments, or online communications.

 

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Fluctuations in our quarterly operating results may, particularly if unforeseen, cause us to miss any projections we may have provided or may lead analysts or investors to change their long-term models for valuing our common stock. In addition, such fluctuations may cause us to face short-term liquidity issues, impact our ability to retain or attract key personnel or cause other unanticipated issues. Any of these effects could cause our stock price to decline. As a result of the potential variations in our quarterly revenue and operating results, we believe that quarter-to-quarter comparisons of our revenue and operating results may not be meaningful and the results of any one quarter should not be relied upon as an indication of future performance.

If the businesses we have acquired or invested in do not perform as expected or we are unable to effectively integrate acquired businesses, our operating results and prospects could be harmed.

We have acquired 21 businesses and made an equity investment in one company since our inception. The businesses we have acquired or invested in may not perform as well as we expect. Failure to manage and successfully integrate recently acquired businesses and technologies could harm our operating results and our prospects. If the company we invested in does not perform well, our investment could become impaired and our financial results could be negatively impacted.

Our mergers and acquisitions involve numerous risks, including the following:

 

   

difficulties in integrating and managing the combined operations, technologies, technology platforms and products of the acquired companies and realizing the anticipated economic, operational and other benefits in a timely manner, which could result in substantial costs and delays or other operational, technical or financial problems;

 

   

legal or regulatory challenges or litigation post-acquisition, which could result in significant costs or require changes to the businesses or unwinding of the transaction;

 

   

failure of the acquired company to achieve anticipated revenue, earnings or cash flow;

 

   

diversion of management’s attention or other resources from our existing business;

 

   

our inability to maintain the key customers and business relationships and the reputations of acquired businesses;

 

   

uncertainty of entry into markets in which we have limited or no prior experience or in which competitors have stronger market positions;

 

   

our dependence on unfamiliar affiliates and partners of acquired businesses;

 

   

unanticipated costs associated with pursuing acquisitions;

 

   

responsibility for the liabilities of acquired businesses, including those that were not disclosed to us or exceed our estimates, as well as, without limitation, liabilities arising out of their failure to maintain effective data protection and privacy controls and comply with applicable regulations;

 

   

difficulties in assigning or transferring intellectual property licensed by acquired companies from third parties to us or our subsidiaries;

 

   

inability to maintain our internal standards, controls, procedures and policies;

 

   

potential loss of key employees of the acquired companies;

 

   

difficulties in complying with antitrust and other government regulations;

 

   

challenges in integrating and auditing the financial statements of acquired companies that have not historically prepared financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles;

 

   

difficulties in integrating acquired companies’ systems controls, policies and procedures to comply with the internal control over financial reporting requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002; and

 

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potential accounting charges to the extent intangibles recorded in connection with an acquisition, such as goodwill, trademarks, customer relationships or intellectual property, are later determined to be impaired and written down in value.

Moreover, we rely heavily on the representations and warranties provided to us by the sellers of acquired companies, including as they relate to creation, ownership and rights in intellectual property, existence of open source and compliance with laws and contractual requirements. If any of these representations and warranties are inaccurate or breached, such inaccuracy or breach could result in costly litigation and assessment of liability for which there may not be adequate recourse against such sellers, in part due to contractual time limitations and limitations of liability.

If we are unable to continue to drive visitors to our websites from search engines, then traffic to our websites could decrease, which could negatively impact transactions on our websites and therefore cause our revenue to decrease.

Many visitors find our websites by searching for vacation rental information through Internet search engines. A critical factor in attracting visitors to our websites is how prominently we are displayed in response to search queries. Accordingly, we utilize search engine marketing as a means to provide a significant portion of our visitor acquisition. Search engine marketing, or SEM, includes both paid visitor acquisition on a cost-per-click basis and visitor acquisition on an unpaid basis, often referred to as organic search.

One method we employ to acquire visitors via organic search is commonly known as search engine optimization, or SEO. SEO involves developing our websites in a way that enables the websites to rank highly for search queries for which our websites’ content may be relevant. In addition to SEM and SEO, we may utilize other forms of marketing, such as display advertising and email marketing, to drive visitors to our websites.

The various search engine providers, such as Google and Bing, employ proprietary algorithms and other methods for determining which websites are displayed for a given search query and how highly websites rank. Search engine providers may also launch new features to enhance search results, which may negatively affect the number of visitors to our websites. Search engine algorithms and other methods that determine the display and ranking of results may change from time to time, generally without public announcement or detailed explanation. Therefore, the success of our SEO strategy depends, in part, on our ability to anticipate and respond to such changes in a timely and effective manner through website and content development.

In addition, websites must comply with search engine guidelines and policies. These guidelines and policies are complex and may change at any time. If we fail to follow such guidelines and policies properly, the search engine may cause our content to rank low in search results or could remove the content altogether from its index. If we fail to understand and comply with these guidelines and policies and ensure our websites’ compliance, our SEO strategy may not be successful.

If we are listed less prominently or fail to appear in search result listings for any reason, including as a result of our failure to successfully execute our SEO strategy, it is likely that we will acquire fewer visitors to our websites. Fewer visitors to our websites could lead to property owners and managers becoming dissatisfied with our websites, as well as fewer travelers inquiring and booking through our websites, either or both of which would adversely impact our revenue. We may not be able to replace this traffic with the same volume of visitors or in the same cost-effective manner from other channels, such as cost-per-click search engine marketing or display or other advertising, or at all. An attempt to replace this traffic through other channels may require us to increase our sales and marketing expenditures, which may not be offset by additional revenue, adversely affecting our operating results.

 

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Our long-term success depends, in part, on our ability to expand our property owner, manager and traveler bases outside of the United States and, as a result, our business is susceptible to risks associated with international operations.

As our operations have expanded, we have acquired businesses or established offices around the world. As of December 31, 2013, we maintain offices in the United States, France, the United Kingdom, Spain, Germany, Australia, Brazil, Switzerland, Singapore, New Zealand, Italy, Colombia and Thailand and operate websites in several additional countries. We have limited operating and e-commerce experience in many foreign jurisdictions and are making significant investments to build our international operations. We plan to continue our efforts to expand globally, including the acquisition of international businesses and conducting of business in jurisdictions where we do not currently operate. Managing a global organization is difficult, time consuming and expensive and any international expansion efforts that we may undertake may not be successful. In addition, conducting international operations subjects us to risks that we generally do not face in the United States. These risks include:

 

   

the cost and resources required to localize our services, which requires the translation of our websites into foreign languages and adaptation for local practices and legal and regulatory requirements;

 

   

being subject to laws and regulations, including those laws governing Internet activities, email messaging, collection and use of personal information, ownership of intellectual property, taxation and other activities important to our online business practices, which are less developed and less predictable and which may restrict our business or ability to generate profits;

 

   

competition with companies that understand the local market better than we do or who have pre-existing relationships with potential property owners, managers and travelers in those markets;

 

   

legal uncertainty regarding our liability for the transactions and content on our websites, including online bookings, property listings and other content provided by property owners and managers, including uncertainty resulting from unique local laws or a lack of clear precedent of applicable law;

 

   

lack of familiarity with and the burden of complying with a wide variety of other foreign laws, legal standards and foreign regulatory requirements, including invoicing, data collection and storage, financial reporting and tax compliance requirements, which are subject to unexpected changes;

 

   

laws and business practices that favor local competitors or prohibit or limit foreign ownership of certain businesses;

 

   

challenges associated with joint venture relationships and minority investments, including dependence on our joint venture partners;

 

   

adapting to variations in payment forms from property owners, managers and travelers;

 

   

difficulties in managing and staffing international operations and establishing or maintaining operational efficiencies; difficulties in establishing and maintaining internal controls and adequate security over our data and systems;

 

   

fluctuations in currency exchange rates;

 

   

potentially adverse tax consequences, which may be difficult to predict, including the complexities of foreign value added tax systems and restrictions on the repatriation of earnings;

 

   

increased financial accounting and reporting burdens and complexities and difficulties in implementing and maintaining adequate internal controls;

 

   

political, social and economic instability abroad, terrorist attacks and security concerns in general;

 

   

the potential failure of financial institutions internationally;

 

   

reduced or varied protection for intellectual property rights in some countries; and

 

   

higher telecommunications and Internet service provider costs.

 

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Operating in international markets also requires significant management attention and financial resources. We cannot assure you that our international expansion efforts in any or multiple territories will be successful, and the investment and additional resources required to establish operations and manage growth in other countries may not produce desired levels of revenue or profitability and could instead result in increased costs.

The market in which we participate is highly competitive, and we may be unable to compete successfully with our current or future competitors.

The market to provide listing, search and marketing services for the vacation rental industry is very competitive and highly fragmented. All of the services that we provide to property owners, managers and travelers, including listing and search, are provided separately or in combination to our current or potential customers by other companies that compete with us. Our current or new competitors may adopt aspects of our business model, which could reduce our ability to differentiate our services. Additionally, current or new competitors may introduce new business models or services that we may need to adopt or otherwise adapt to in order to compete, which could reduce our ability to differentiate our business or services from those of our competitors. Furthermore, properties in the vacation rental industry are not typically marketed exclusively through any single channel, and our listing agreements are not typically exclusive. Accordingly, our competitors could aggregate a set of listings similar to ours. Increased competition could result in a reduction in our revenue or the rate of our new listing acquisition, or the loss of existing listings or market share.

There are thousands of vacation rental listing websites in the United States and Europe that compete directly with us for listings, travelers, or both, such as HouseTrips.com, Booking.com, Airbnb, @Leisure, InterHome, James Villas, TripAdvisor and Wyndham Worldwide. Many of these competitors offer free or heavily discounted listings or focus on a particular geographic location or a specific type of rental property. Some of them also aggregate property listings obtained through various sources, including the websites of property managers some of whom also market their properties on our websites.

Some websites operated by competitors address the wider fragmented travel lodging market, such as Airbnb (worldwide) and Wimdu (worldwide), by listing both rooms or the owner’s primary home for short term rental. The properties offered by these individuals increase both the number of rental opportunities available to travelers and the competition for the attention of the traveler which could affect the number of people who use our websites. Some vacation rental property owners also list on these websites, and consequently these companies compete with us to some extent today and could become more significant competitors in the future.

We also compete with online travel websites, such as Expedia, Hotels.com, Kayak, Priceline, Booking.com, Orbitz and Travelocity, which have traditionally provided comprehensive travel services and some of whom are now expanding into the vacation rental category. We also compete with large Internet companies, such as craigslist, eBay, Google, MSN.com and Yahoo!, which provide listing or advertising services in addition to a wide variety of other products or services.

Some of our current or potential competitors are larger and have more resources than we do. Many of our current and potential competitors enjoy substantial competitive advantages, such as greater name recognition in their markets, longer operating histories and larger marketing budgets, as well as substantially greater financial, technical and other resources. In addition, our current or potential competitors may have access to larger property owner, manager or traveler bases. As a result, our competitors may be able to respond more quickly and effectively than we can to new or changing opportunities, technologies, standards or owner, manager or traveler requirements. Furthermore, because of these advantages, existing and potential owners, managers and travelers might accept our competitors’ offerings, even if they may be inferior to ours. For all of these reasons, we may not be able to compete successfully against our current and future competitors.

In addition, competitors in the United States such as Perfect Places, Inc. and VacationRoost, Inc. and in Europe such as Atraveo and eDomizil predominately serve the professional management marketplace for

 

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vacation rentals, and therefore have the capability of creating more targeted products and features for property manager constituents.

We believe we compete primarily on the basis of the quantity and quality of our listings, the quality of the direct relationships we have with property owners and managers, the volume of travelers who visit our websites, the number of inquiries provided to our property owners and managers, the global diversity of the vacation rentals available on our websites, the quality of our websites, customer service, brand identity, the success of our marketing programs, and price. If current or potential property owners, managers or travelers choose to use any of these competitive offerings in lieu of ours, our revenue could decrease and we could be required to make additional expenditures to compete more effectively. Any of these events or results would harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

Unfavorable changes in, or interpretations of, government regulations or taxation of the evolving vacation rental, Internet and e-commerce industries could harm our operating results.

We operate in markets throughout the world, in jurisdictions which have various regulatory and taxation requirements that can affect our operations or regulate the rental activity of property owners and managers. Since we began our operations in 2005, there have been, and continue to be, regulatory developments that affect the vacation rental industry and the ability of companies like us to list those vacation rentals online. For example, some municipalities have adopted ordinances that limit the ability of property owners to rent certain properties for fewer than 30 consecutive days and other cities have introduced or may introduce similar regulations. Some cities also have fair housing or other laws governing the way properties may be rented, which they assert apply to vacation rentals. Many homeowners, condominium and neighborhood associations have adopted rules that prohibit or restrict short-term vacation rentals. These and other similar developments could reduce the number of listings on our websites, which could harm our business and operating results.

From time to time, we may become involved in challenges by or disputes with government agencies regarding these regulations. For example, some government agencies have asked us directly to comply with their regulations and provide owner and manager data to assist them in their enforcement and audit efforts. Also, each region in which we operate has different regulations with respect to licensing and other requirements for the listing of vacation rentals. If a governmental entity sought to apply applicable regulations in a manner that would limit or curtail our ability or willingness to list properties in that particular region, there can be no assurance that we would be successful in defending against the application of these laws and regulations. Further, if we were required to comply with regulations and government requests that negatively impact our relations with property owners, managers and travelers, our business, operations and financial results could be adversely impacted.

Compliance with laws and regulations of different jurisdictions imposing different standards and requirements is very burdensome for businesses like ours. Our online marketplace is accessed by property owners, managers and travelers in multiple states and foreign jurisdictions. Our business efficiencies and economies of scale depend on generally uniform treatment of property owners, managers and travelers across all jurisdictions in which we operate. Compliance requirements that vary significantly from jurisdiction to jurisdiction impose an added cost to our business and increased liability for compliance deficiencies. In addition, laws or regulations that could harm our business could be adopted, or reinterpreted in a manner that affects our activities, by the U.S. government, state governments, and regulatory agencies or by foreign governments or agencies, including but not limited to the regulation of personal and consumer information and real estate licensing requirements. Violations or new interpretations of these laws or regulations may result in penalties, negatively impact our operations and damage our reputation and business.

Additionally, new, changed, modified or newly interpreted or applied tax laws, statutes, rules, regulations or ordinances could increase our property owners’ and managers’ and our compliance, operating and other costs, which could deter owners from renting their vacation properties, negatively affect our new listings and subscription renewals, or increase our cost of doing business. Any or all of these events could adversely impact our business and financial performance.

 

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If we are unable to introduce new or upgraded services or features that travelers or property owners and managers recognize as valuable, we may fail to drive additional travelers to our websites or retain existing and attract new property owners and managers. Our efforts to develop new and upgraded services and products could require us to incur significant costs.

In order to continue to attract travelers to our online marketplace and retain existing and attract new property owners and managers, we will need to continue to invest in the development of new products, services and features that add value for travelers, property owners and managers, and that differentiate us from our competitors. The success of new products, services and features depends on several factors, including the timely completion, introduction and market acceptance of the product, service or feature. If travelers, property owners or managers do not recognize the value of our new services or features, they may choose not to utilize or list on our online marketplace.

Developing and delivering these new or upgraded products, services or features may increase our expenses, as this process is costly, and we may experience difficulties in developing and delivering these new or upgraded products, services or features. Moreover, we cannot assure that new or upgraded products, services or features will work as intended or provide value to travelers, property owners and managers. In addition, some new or upgraded products, services or features may be complex and challenging for us to market to customers and may also involve new pricing. We cannot guarantee that our property owners and managers will respond favorably.

In addition, successfully launching and selling a new product, service or feature will require the use of our marketing, sales or customer service resources. Efforts to enhance and improve the ease of use, responsiveness, functionality and features of our existing websites have inherent risks, and we may not be able to manage these product developments and enhancements successfully. We may choose to license or otherwise integrate applications, content and data from third parties. The introduction of these improvements imposes costs on our business and requires the use of our resources. We may be unable to continue to access these technologies and content on commercially reasonable terms, or at all.

We may be unable to effectively manage our growth.

Since our inception, we have experienced rapid growth. As our operations have expanded, we have grown from 87 employees at December 31, 2005 to 1,542 employees at December 31, 2013, of whom 612 were located outside the United States. This includes employees of entities for which we have a controlling interest. Our business is becoming increasingly complex, especially in light of the continued rapid evolution of our industry and e-commerce, our relatively limited operating history and our reliance on multiple websites throughout the world. This complexity and our rapid growth have demanded, and will continue to demand, substantial resources and attention from our management. We expect to continue to increase headcount and to hire more specialized personnel in the future as we grow our business. We will need to continue to hire, train and manage additional qualified website developers, software engineers, client and account services personnel, and sales and marketing staff and improve and maintain our technology to properly manage our growth. If our new hires perform poorly, if we are unsuccessful in hiring, training, managing and integrating these new employees or if we are not successful in retaining our existing employees, our business may be harmed.

Further, to accommodate our expected growth we must add new hardware and software and improve and maintain our technology, systems and network infrastructure. Failure to effectively upgrade our technology or network infrastructure to support the expected increased listing and traveler traffic volume could result in unanticipated system disruptions, slow response times or poor experiences for owners, managers or travelers. To manage the expected growth of our operations and personnel and to support our public company financial reporting and internal control requirements, we will need to continue to improve our transaction processing and reporting, operational and financial systems, procedures and controls. These improvements will be particularly challenging if we acquire new operations with different systems. Our current and planned personnel, systems, procedures and controls may not be adequate to support our future operations. If we are unable to expand our operations and hire additional qualified personnel in an efficient manner, it could adversely affect owner, manager or traveler satisfaction and cause our expenses to grow disproportionately relative to our revenue.

 

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We have a relatively limited operating history and we operate in a rapidly evolving industry, which make it difficult to evaluate our current business and future prospects. If we fail to predict the manner in which our business will perform or how the market will develop, our business and prospects may suffer materially.

We began our operations in February 2005. Our relatively limited operating history, together with our rapidly changing industry, may make it difficult to evaluate our current business and our future prospects. We have encountered and will continue to encounter risks and difficulties frequently experienced by growing companies in rapidly changing industries, including challenges in accurate financial planning and forecasting as we develop new products, such as our pay-per-booking listing product, with no historical reference as a basis for such planning and forecasting. You should consider our business and prospects in light of the risks and difficulties we may encounter as a company operating in a highly competitive environment where changes to our business, plans, and products may be required to respond to such changes.

In addition, the market for online vacation rentals is relatively new and, in many geographies, is unproven with little data or research available regarding the market and industry. It is uncertain whether the vacation rental market in many territories where we do business will continue to develop or if our services will achieve and sustain a level of demand and market acceptance sufficient for us to generate revenue, net income and free cash flow growth. Our success will depend to a substantial extent on the willingness of property owners and managers to use commercial online rental property listing services. Some property managers have developed and use their own proprietary online listing services and, therefore, may be reluctant or unwilling to use our websites to market their properties. Furthermore, some travelers and property owners and managers may be reluctant or unwilling to use online listing services because of concerns regarding the security of data, the potential for fraudulent activity, including phishing, or the integrity of the online marketplace. If property owners and managers do not perceive the benefits of marketing their properties online, then our market may not develop as we expect, or it may develop more slowly than we expect, either of which would significantly harm our business and operating results. Moreover, our success will depend on travelers’ use of our online marketplace to search, locate and rent vacation rentals, which will depend on their willingness to use the Internet and their belief in the integrity of our websites. In addition, since we operate in unproven and unstudied markets, we have limited insight into trends that may develop in those markets and may affect our business. We may make errors in predicting and reacting to other relevant business trends, which could harm our business.

Changes in our effective tax rate could harm our future operating results.

We are subject to federal and state income taxes in the United States and in various foreign jurisdictions. Our provision for income taxes and our effective tax rate are subject to volatility and could be adversely affected by earnings being lower than anticipated in countries that have lower tax rates and higher than anticipated in countries that have higher tax rates; effects of certain non-tax deductible expenses, including those arising from the requirement to expense stock options; changes in the valuation of our deferred tax assets and liabilities; expiration of or lapses in the research and development tax credit laws; transfer pricing adjustments, including the effect of acquisitions on our intercompany research and development cost sharing arrangement and legal structure; adverse outcomes resulting from any tax audit; our ability to utilize our net operating losses and other deferred tax assets; changes in accounting principles or changes in tax laws and regulations, or the application of the tax laws and regulations, including possible U.S. changes to the taxation of earnings of our foreign subsidiaries, the deductibility of expenses attributable to foreign income, or the foreign tax credit rules. Significant judgment is required to determine the recognition and measurement attributes prescribed in the accounting guidance for uncertainty in income taxes. The accounting guidance for uncertainty in income taxes applies to all income tax positions, including the potential recovery of previously paid taxes, which if settled unfavorably could adversely impact our provision for income taxes.

We are exposed to fluctuations in currency exchange rates.

Because we conduct a significant portion of our business outside the United States but report our results in U.S. dollars, we face exposure to adverse movements in currency exchange rates, which may cause our revenue

 

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and operating results to differ materially from expectations. In addition, the results of operations of many of our internationally focused websites are exposed to foreign exchange rate fluctuations as the financial results of the applicable subsidiaries are translated from the local currency into U.S. dollars upon consolidation. A decline in the U.S. dollar relative to foreign currencies would increase our non-U.S. revenue, when translated into U.S. dollars. Conversely, if the U.S. dollar strengthens relative to foreign currencies, our revenue would be adversely affected. Our operating results could be negatively impacted depending on the amount of expense denominated in foreign currencies. Revenue in the year ended December 31, 2013 was positively impacted by foreign currency translation of approximately $1.7 million, while revenue in the year ended December 31, 2012 was negatively impacted by foreign currency translation of approximately $6.5 million. As exchange rates vary, revenue, cost of revenue, operating expenses and other operating results, when translated, may differ materially from expectations. In addition, our revenue and operating results are subject to fluctuation if our mix of U.S. and foreign currency denominated transactions and expenses changes in the future. In addition, we maintain intercompany loans and payables which are subject to translation losses due to foreign exchange fluctuation. We may enter into hedging arrangements in order to manage foreign currency exposure but such activity may not completely eliminate fluctuations in our operating results.

Our business depends on retaining and attracting capable management and operating personnel.

Our success depends in large part on our ability to attract and retain high-quality management and operating personnel, as well as skilled technical and marketing personnel, who are in high demand and are often subject to competing offers. Competition for qualified employees is intense in our industry, and the loss of even a few qualified employees, or an inability to attract, retain and motivate additional highly skilled employees required for the planned expansion of our business could harm our operating results and impair our ability to grow. To attract and retain key personnel, we use various measures, including an equity incentive program and incentive bonuses for key executive officers and other employees. However, some employees have been granted stock options with an exercise price that is or may become less than the market price, which reduces the incentive value of these grants. While we attempt to provide additional or different incentive compensation tools to mitigate this impact, the measures we employ to attract and maintain key personnel may not be effect enough to enable us to attract and retain the personnel we require to operate our business effectively.

If we fail to protect confidential information against security breaches, or if property owners and managers or travelers are reluctant to use our online marketplace because of privacy or security concerns, we might face additional costs, and activity on our websites could decline.

We collect and use personally identifiable information, such as email addresses (but not passwords) and phone numbers of property owners, managers and travelers, in the operation of our business, such as when customers register to list their properties on our websites or to subscribe to our newsletters. Our servers may be vulnerable to computer viruses or physical or electronic break-ins that our security measures may not detect. In addition, third parties may target users of our websites directly with attempts to breach the security of their email accounts or management systems, such as phishing attacks, which are fraudulent identity theft schemes designed to appear as legitimate emails from us or from our property owners and managers. Criminals may also employ new or different schemes aimed at defrauding our property owners, managers or travelers in ways that we may not anticipate or be able to adequately guard against. Although phishing attacks and other fraud schemes are generally not on our systems, victims may nevertheless seek recovery from us of funds they lost. As a result, we may be required to defend ourselves in costly litigation and may suffer harm to our reputation, brand and business.

We also may suffer harm from breaches of our own technology systems. Anyone that is able to circumvent our security measures could misappropriate confidential or proprietary information, cause interruption in our operations, damage our computers or those of our users, or otherwise damage our reputation and business. We may need to expend significant resources to protect against security breaches or to address problems caused by breaches. Security breaches could damage our reputation and expose us to a risk of loss or litigation and possible

 

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liability under various laws and regulations. In addition, industry-wide incidents or incidents with respect to our websites, including misappropriation of third-party information or security breaches, could deter people from using the Internet or our online marketplace to conduct transactions. Concern among prospective owners, managers and travelers regarding our use of personal information collected on our websites could keep prospective owners, managers and travelers from using our online marketplace. Concern among property owners and managers who are customers could cause them to cancel or fail to renew their listings.

There are risks of security breaches both on and off our systems as we increase the types of technology we use to operate our marketplace, such as mobile applications. Such technology systems and platforms may be new and evolving and may involve security risks that are difficult to predict and adequately guard against. Our property owners, managers and travelers may be harmed by such breaches and we may in turn be subject to costly litigation, harm to our reputation and brand and property owners, managers and travelers may cease using our marketplace.

The laws of some states and countries require businesses that maintain personal information about their residents in electronic databases to implement reasonable measures to keep that information secure. Our practice is to encrypt all sensitive information, but we do not know whether our current practice will be deemed sufficient under these laws. In addition, under certain of these laws, if there is a breach of our computer systems and we know or suspect that unencrypted personal data has been stolen, we are required to inform any user whose data was stolen, which could harm our reputation and business. Complying with the applicable notice requirements in the event of a security breach could result in significant costs. We may also be subject to claims of breach of contract for such disclosure, investigation and penalties by regulatory authorities, and potential claims by persons whose information was disclosed.

Other states and countries have enacted different and often contradictory requirements for protecting personal information collected and maintained electronically. Compliance with numerous and contradictory requirements of the different states and countries is particularly difficult for an online business such as ours, which collects personal information from users in multiple jurisdictions. While we intend to comply fully with these laws, failure on our part to comply with such laws could result in legal liability, cause us to suffer adverse publicity and lose business, traffic and revenue, which could jeopardize our success. If we were required to pay any significant amount of money in satisfaction of claims under these laws, or any similar laws enacted by another jurisdiction, or if we were forced to cease our business operations for any length of time as a result of our inability to comply fully with any such laws, our business, operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected.

In addition, third parties that process credit card transactions between us and property owners and managers maintain personal information collected from these property owners and managers, including credit card numbers. Such information could be compromised or accessed as a result of misappropriation or security breaches, and we could be subject to liability as a result. Further, property owners and managers may develop a lack of confidence in these third parties or in their ability to securely conduct credit card transactions on our websites or the Internet in general, which would adversely impact our business, revenue and operating results.

If we are unable to adapt to changes in technology, our business could be harmed.

Because property owners, managers and travelers can access our websites on a variety of network hardware and software platforms using a standard browser or a mobile application, we will need to continuously modify and enhance our service to keep pace with changes in Internet and mobile-related hardware, software, communication, browser and database technologies. We may not be successful in developing required modifications and enhancements or in developing ones that work well and that our website users will adopt. Furthermore, uncertainties about the timing and nature of new network platforms or technologies, or modifications to existing platforms or technologies, could increase our research and development expenses more than we have currently planned. Any failure of our online marketplace to operate effectively with future network platforms and technologies could result in dissatisfaction from travelers, property owners, managers and advertisers and harm our business.

 

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We may be subject to liability for the activities of our property owners and managers, which could harm our reputation and increase our operating costs.

We periodically receive complaints related to certain activities on our websites, including disputes over the authenticity of the vacation rental listing, unauthorized use of credit card and bank account information and identity theft, phishing attacks, potential breaches of system security, libel and infringement of third-party copyrights, trademarks or other intellectual property rights. We have also experienced fraud by purported owners or managers listing properties which either do not exist or are significantly not as described in the listing. The methods used by perpetrators of fraud constantly evolve and are complex, and our trust and security measures may not detect all fraudulent activity. Consequently, we expect to continue to receive complaints from travelers and requests for reimbursement of their rental fees, as well as actual or threatened legal action against us if no reimbursement is made.

We may further be subject to claims of liability based on events that occur during travelers’ stays at the vacation rentals of our property owners and managers, such as for robbery, accidental injury or death or other similar incidents. These risks to us may increase as we provide additional e-commerce tools to allow our property owners and managers and travelers to conduct all or more of the rental transaction online. Although the transaction is between the owner and manager on the one side and the traveler on the other side, as our websites become more integral to the rental transaction, the likelihood that a party to the transaction will seek to include us in any dispute could increase. Such disputes or incidents may subject us to liability, which would increase our operating costs and adversely affect our business and results of operations. Even if these claims do not result in liability to us, we could incur significant costs in investigating and defending against them. Although the terms and conditions of use of our websites, which are available on all of our websites, state that we are not a party to any rental transaction and specifically exempt us from any liability to travelers in the event of a fraudulent listing, a property not being significantly as described or any other claim by travelers relating to their vacation rental, the enforceability of these terms varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, and the laws in this area are consistently evolving. If we are subject to liability or claims of liability relating to the acts of our property owners or managers, or due to fraudulent listings, we may be subject to negative publicity, incur additional expenses and be subject to liability, which could harm our business and our operating results.

Loss or material modification of our credit card acceptance privileges would have a material adverse effect on our business and operating results.

A significant percentage of our property owners and managers pay for their listings by credit card because it simplifies and expedites the payment process and is typically a secure form of payment. The loss of our credit card acceptance privileges would significantly limit our ability to renew listings with these property owners and managers or secure new property owners and managers.

Most of our property owners and managers purchase an annual listing, for which payment is made at the beginning of the listing term. In addition, many of our listing renewals are paid by auto-renewal, charging the renewal listing fee to the property owner’s or manager’s credit card. There is a risk that, if we fail to fully perform our obligations under the listing terms or the property owner or manager objects to the auto-renewal payment made by credit card, the credit card companies could be obligated to reimburse these property owners and managers for all or a portion of the listing fee. We would be obligated to pay all such amounts under our agreements under which we have obtained our credit card acceptance privileges. As a result of this risk, credit card companies may require us to set aside additional cash reserves, may not renew our acceptance privileges or may increase the transaction fees they charge us for these privileges.

The card networks, such as Visa, MasterCard and American Express, have adopted rules and regulations that apply to all merchants who process and accept credit cards and include the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards, or the PCI DSS. Under the PCI DSS, we are required to adopt and implement internal controls over the use, storage and security of card data to help prevent credit card fraud. We assess our compliance with the PCI DSS on a periodic basis and make necessary improvements to our internal controls. If

 

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we fail to comply with the rules and regulations adopted by the card networks, including the PCI DSS, we would be in breach of our contractual obligations to payment processors and merchant banks. Such failure to comply may subject us to fines, penalties, damages and civil liability and could eventually prevent us from processing or accepting credit cards. Further, there is no guarantee that, even if we comply with the rules and regulations adopted by the card networks, we will be able to maintain our compliance. We also cannot guarantee that such compliance will prevent illegal or improper use of our payments systems or the theft, loss or misuse of the credit card data of customers or participants.

The loss of, or the significant modification of, the terms under which we obtain credit card acceptance privileges would have a material adverse effect on our business, revenue and operating results.

We rely on third-parties for payment and credit card processing and other services used in our online marketplace.

We have agreements with companies that process payment and customer credit card transactions for payments to us for subscriptions. We also have agreements with companies that process traveler payment and credit card transactions for bookings of vacation rental properties and related products and services from our customers. We may be held liable for accepting fraudulent credit cards on our websites or other payment disputes with our customers or with travelers. We also rely on these companies to provide uninterrupted services and to provide their services in accordance with all applicable laws, rules and regulations. We also rely on third-party service providers for the provision of other services to our customers and travelers, such as insurance products and for other services on which we rely, such as some customer service functions.

If these companies experience difficulties and are not able to provide services in a reliable and secure manner, if they do not operate in compliance with applicable laws, rules and regulations and, with respect to payment and card processing companies, if they are unable to effectively combat the use of fraudulent payments and credit cards on our websites, our results of operations and financial positions could be materially adversely affected. In addition, if such third-party service providers were to cease operations, temporarily or permanently, face financial distress or other business disruption, we could suffer increased costs and delays in our ability to provide similar services until an equivalent service provider could be found or we could develop replacement technology or operations, any of which could have an adverse impact on our business and financial performance.

If we are not able to identify and successfully acquire suitable businesses, our operating results and prospects could be harmed.

We have faced limited competition within our industry for acquisitions of businesses, technologies and assets, but, in the future, such competition may become intense. As such, even if we are able to identify an acquisition that we would like to consummate, we may not be able to complete the acquisition on commercially reasonable terms because the target is acquired by another company. We may expend significant cash or incur substantial debt to finance such acquisitions, which indebtedness could result in restrictions on our business and significant use of available cash to make payments of interest and principal. In addition, we may finance or otherwise complete acquisitions by issuing equity or convertible debt securities, which could result in further dilution of our existing stockholders. We may enter into negotiations for acquisitions that are not ultimately consummated. Those negotiations could result in diversion of management time and significant out-of-pocket costs. If we fail to evaluate and execute acquisitions successfully, we may not be able to realize the benefits of these acquisitions, and our operating results could be harmed. If we are unable to successfully address any of these risks, our business, financial condition or operating results could be harmed.

Our revenue, expenses and operating results could be affected by changes in travel, real estate and vacation rental markets, as well as general economic conditions.

Our business is particularly sensitive to trends in the travel, real estate and vacation rental markets, which are unpredictable, as well as trends in the general economy. Therefore, our operating results, to the extent they reflect changes in the broader travel, real estate and vacation rental industries, may be subject to significant fluctuations.

 

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For example, changes in the travel industry, such as disruptions caused by war, terrorist attacks or natural disasters, could significantly reduce the willingness of potential travelers to plan vacation and other travel. Such disruptions which harm or destroy vacation homes could cause the property owners and managers of such homes to cancel or fail to renew their listings. Downturns in real estate markets may result in decreased new building rates and increases in foreclosures, which could result in fewer vacation rentals available for listing on our websites. Also, since vacation travel is generally dependent on discretionary spending, negative general economic conditions could significantly reduce the overall amount that travelers spend on, and the frequency of, leisure travel, including vacation rentals. Additionally, property owners may choose or be forced to sell their vacation rentals during periods of economic slowdown or recession. Any or all of these factors could reduce the demand for vacation rentals and our services, reducing our revenue and could increase our need to make significant expenditures to continue to attract property owners, managers and travelers to our websites.

Vacation rentals are often located in popular vacation destinations around the world and utilized on a seasonal basis. Factors influencing the desirability of vacation rentals in a particular region or season could adversely affect our ability to obtain new listings and retain existing listings.

Vacation rentals are often located in popular vacation destinations and utilized on a seasonal basis. As a result, our listings involve properties that are often concentrated in particular regions, and our revenue is dependent upon our ability or willingness to list properties in those regions. Each region has its own commercial and regulatory requirements related to the listing of vacation rentals. If we became unable or unwilling to list properties in a particular region, our listings in the region could decline or cease to grow, and revenue and results of operations could be adversely impacted.

In addition, factors influencing the desirability of vacation rentals in a particular region or during a specific season could adversely affect our ability to obtain new listings and retain existing listings. The occurrence of a significant natural disaster, political turmoil or other regional disturbance could reduce the number of available vacation rentals in that area, reducing our listing base and our revenue. In addition, if we do not have sufficient property listings in a newly popular vacation destination, we could fail to attract travelers to our websites and property owners and managers may opt to list their properties with a competitor having a greater presence in that area.

We could face liability for transactions and information on or accessible through our online marketplace.

We provide an online marketplace for vacation rentals, which includes the ability for property owners and managers to have their properties booked online. Although we are not a party to the rental transactions that occur on or through our websites, we could nevertheless be exposed to liability for or relating to these transactions. Travelers may seek damages from us relating to any transaction or rental because they booked the rental on one of our websites. Government, regulatory or taxing authorities may also seek to hold us liable for taxes, fees or other requirements due to our provision of the marketplace.

In addition, a significant portion of the information available through our online marketplace, including listing data and photographs, is submitted by property owners and managers and third parties. We also allow third parties to advertise their products and services on our websites and include links to third-party websites. We could be exposed to liability with respect to this information. Property owners and managers could assert that information concerning them on our websites contains errors or omissions and third parties could seek damages from us for losses incurred if they rely upon incorrect information provided by our property owners and managers or advertisers. We could also be subject to claims that the persons posting information on our websites do not have the right to post such information or are infringing the rights of third parties, such as copyrights in photographs and privacy and publicity rights. Among other things, we might be subject to claims that by directly or indirectly providing links to websites operated by third parties, we are liable for wrongful actions by the third parties operating those websites. Even if these claims do not result in liability to us, we could incur significant costs in investigating and defending against these claims.

 

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In addition, our services feature a property review platform, which allows travelers to post property reviews and other information about properties, property owners and managers. Although this feedback is generated by users and not by us, claims of defamation or other injury have been made against other Internet service providers offering similar forums and may be made against us for content posted in this forum. Our potential liability for information on our websites or distributed by us to others and for the activities of our owners, managers or travelers could require us to implement additional measures to reduce our exposure to such liability, which may require us to expend substantial resources and limit the attractiveness of our online marketplace to users. Our general liability insurance may not cover all potential claims to which we are exposed and may not be adequate to indemnify us for all liability that may be imposed.

Property owner, manager or traveler complaints or negative publicity about our company, our services or our business activities could diminish use of our online marketplace.

Property owner, manager or traveler complaints or negative publicity about our company, our services or our business activities could severely diminish consumer confidence in and use of our online marketplace. Measures we sometimes take to combat risks of fraud and breaches of privacy and security, such as removing suspected fraudulent listings or listings repeatedly reported by travelers to be significantly not as described, can damage relations with our property owners and managers. These measures heighten the need for prompt and accurate customer service to resolve irregularities and disputes. Effective customer service requires significant personnel expense, and this expense, if not managed properly, could significantly impact our profitability. Failure to manage or train our customer service representatives properly could compromise our ability to handle owner, manager and traveler complaints effectively. If we do not handle these complaints effectively, our reputation may suffer, and we may lose the confidence of our owners, managers and travelers. We may also be the subject of blog or forum postings that include inaccurate statements and create negative publicity. As a result of these complaints or negative publicity, property owners and managers of vacation rentals may discontinue their listing with us or travelers may discontinue their use of our websites, and our business and results of operations could be adversely impacted.

If we do not adequately protect our intellectual property, our ability to compete could be impaired.

Our intellectual property includes the content of our websites, our registered domain names, our registered and unregistered trademarks and our patents and patent applications. We believe that our intellectual property is an essential asset of our business and that our HomeAway.com, VRBO.com, VacationRentals.com, Homelidays.com, HomeAway.co.uk, Abritel.fr, Fewo-Direkt.de, AlugueTemporada.com.br, Toprural.com, BedandBreakfast.com, Escapia.com, InstantSoftware.com, travelmob.com, Bookabach.co.nz, Stayz.com.au and other domain names and our technology infrastructure currently give us a competitive advantage in the online market for vacation rental listings. If we do not adequately protect our intellectual property, our brand and reputation could be harmed, property owners, managers and travelers could devalue the content of the websites comprising our online marketplace, and our ability to compete effectively would be impaired.

To protect our intellectual property we rely on a combination of copyright, trademark, patent and trade secret laws, contractual provisions and our user policy and restrictions on disclosure. Upon discovery of potential infringement of our intellectual property, we promptly take action we deem appropriate to protect our rights. We regularly deliver cease and desist letters to parties who misappropriate our trademarks or content, such as aggregators of vacation rental listing content who use automated technology to download content from our online marketplace and display it on their websites without our permission. We also enter into confidentiality agreements with our employees and consultants and seek to control access to and distribution of our proprietary information in a commercially prudent manner. The efforts we have taken to protect our intellectual property may not be sufficient or effective, and, despite these precautions, it may be possible for other parties to copy or otherwise obtain and use the content of our websites without authorization. We may be unable to prevent competitors from acquiring domain names or trademarks that are similar to, infringe upon or diminish the value of our domain names, service marks and our other proprietary rights. Even if we do detect violations and decide

 

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to enforce our intellectual property rights, litigation may be necessary to enforce our rights, and any enforcement efforts we undertake could be time-consuming and expensive, could divert our management’s attention and may result in a court determining that our intellectual property rights are unenforceable. A failure to protect our intellectual property in a cost-effective and meaningful manner could have a material adverse effect on our ability to compete.

As of December 31, 2013, we had six patent applications and no issued patents. Any future patents issued to us may be challenged, invalidated or circumvented, may not provide sufficiently broad protection or may not prove to be enforceable in actions against alleged infringers. Furthermore, effective patent, trademark, copyright and trade secret protection may not be available in every country in which our products are available over the Internet. In addition, the legal standards relating to the validity, enforceability and scope of protection of intellectual property rights are uncertain and still evolving.

We may be subject to claims that we violated intellectual property rights of others, which are extremely costly to defend and could require us to pay significant damages and limit our ability to operate.

Companies in the Internet and technology industries, and other patent and trademark holders seeking to profit from royalties in connection with grants of licenses, own large numbers of patents, copyrights, trademarks and trade secrets and frequently enter into litigation based on allegations of infringement or other violations of intellectual property rights. We have received in the past and may in the future receive notices that claim we have misappropriated or misused other parties’ intellectual property rights. There may be intellectual property rights held by others, including issued or pending patents and trademarks, that cover significant aspects of our technologies, content, branding or business methods. Any intellectual property claim against us, regardless of merit, could be time-consuming and expensive to settle or litigate and could divert our management’s attention and other resources. These claims also could subject us to significant liability for damages and could result in our having to stop using technology, content, branding or business methods found to be in violation of another party’s rights. We might be required or may opt to seek a license for rights to intellectual property held by others, which may not be available on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. Even if a license is available, we could be required to pay significant royalties, which would increase our operating expenses. We may also be required to develop alternative non-infringing technology, content, branding or business methods, which could require significant effort and expense and make us less competitive in the online vacation rental market. If we cannot license or develop technology, content, branding or business methods for any allegedly infringing aspect of our business, we may be unable to compete effectively. Any of these results could harm our operating results.

If we are not able to maintain and enhance our HomeAway brand and the brands associated with each of our websites, our reputation and business may suffer.

Maintaining and enhancing our HomeAway brand identity and the brand identities we maintain through our other websites are critical to our ability to attract new property owners, managers and travelers to our marketplace, generate advertising revenue and successfully introduce new services and products. We may not be able to successfully build our HomeAway brand identity in the United States and overseas without losing some or all of the value associated with, or decreasing the effectiveness of, our other brand identities. We expect that the promotion of our brands will require us to make substantial investments, and, as our market becomes more competitive, these branding initiatives may become increasingly difficult and expensive. The successful promotion of our brands will depend largely on our marketing and public relations efforts. If we do not successfully maintain and enhance our brands, we could lose traveler traffic, which could, in turn, cause property owners and managers of vacation rentals to terminate or elect not to renew their listings with us. Our brand promotion activities may not be successful or may not yield revenue sufficient to offset their cost, which could adversely affect our reputation and business.

 

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We currently rely on a small number of third-party service providers to host and deliver a significant portion of our services, and any interruptions or delays in services from these third parties could impair the delivery of our services and harm our business.

We use a combination of third-party data centers distributed globally across multiple regions to host our websites and core services. We do not control the operation of any of the third-party data center facilities we use. These facilities, including our co-location hosting center, may be subject to break-ins, computer viruses, denial-of-service attacks, sabotage, acts of vandalism and other misconduct. They are also vulnerable to damage or interruption from power loss, telecommunications failures, fires, floods, earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes and similar events. We currently do not have a comprehensive disaster recovery plan in place nor do our systems provide complete redundancy of data storage or processing. As a result, the occurrence of any of these events, a decision by our third-party service providers to close their data center facilities without adequate notice or other unanticipated problems could result in loss of data as well as a significant interruption in our services and harm to our reputation and brand. Additionally, our third-party data center facility agreements are of limited durations, and our third-party data center facilities have no obligation to renew their agreements with us on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. If we are unable to renew our agreements with these facilities on commercially reasonable terms, we may experience delays in the provisioning of our services until an agreement with another data center facility can be arranged. This shift to alternate data centers could take more than 24 hours depending on the nature of the event.

Furthermore, we depend on continuous and uninterrupted access to the Internet through third-party bandwidth providers to operate our business. If we lose the services of one or more of our bandwidth providers for any reason or if their services are disrupted, for example due to viruses or “denial-of-service” or other attacks on their systems, we could experience disruption in our services or we could be required to retain the services of a replacement bandwidth provider, which could harm our business and reputation.

Our operations are dependent on the availability of electricity, which also comes from third-party providers. If we or the third-party data center facilities that we use to deliver our services were to experience a major power outage, it could result in disruption of our services and harm to our business.

Any errors, defects, disruptions or other performance problems with our services could harm our reputation and may damage our property owners’ and managers’ vacation rental businesses. Interruptions in our services would likely reduce our revenue, require us to issue credits to our property owners and managers, could cause property owners and managers to terminate their listings with us and could adversely affect our renewal rates. Our business and results of operations would be harmed if our current and potential property owners and managers believe our services are unreliable.

Our failure to maintain effective internal controls could adversely affect our financial position and lower our stock price.

We are a relatively new publicly traded company. Our initial public offering closed on July 5, 2011. We are subject to reporting and other obligations under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, including the requirements of Section 404 of Sarbanes-Oxley. These provisions require annual management assessments of the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting and a report by our independent registered public accounting firm addressing our assessments. We also operate in a complex environment and expect that these obligations, together with our rapid growth and expansion through acquisitions, place significant demands on our management and administrative resources, including accounting and tax resources. Although we have expanded the size and depth of the finance and accounting staff in our U.S. and European headquarters, we may need to hire additional personnel. If we are unable to conclude that our internal control over financial reporting is effective, or if our independent registered public accounting firm is unable to attest that our management’s report is fairly stated or they are unable to express an opinion on our management’s assessment or on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting, our investors could lose confidence in the accuracy and completeness of our financial reports.

 

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We may incur increased costs and demands upon management as a result of complying with the laws and regulations affecting public companies, which could harm our operating results.

As a public company, we have incurred and will incur significant legal, accounting, investor relations and other expenses that we did not incur as a private company, including costs associated with public company reporting requirements. We also have incurred and will incur costs associated with current corporate governance requirements, including requirements under Section 404 and other provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, as well as rules implemented by the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, and the NASDAQ. We expect these rules and regulations to substantially increase our legal and financial compliance costs and to make some activities more time-consuming and costly. We expect that, as a public company, it will continue to be more difficult and more expensive for us to obtain director and officer liability insurance, and we may be required to incur substantially higher costs to obtain coverage or to accept reduced policy limits and coverage. As a result, it may be more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified individuals to serve on our board of directors or as our executive officers.

We might require additional capital to support business growth, and this capital might not be available.

We intend to continue to make investments to support our business growth and may require additional funds to respond to business challenges, including the need to develop new products or services or enhance our existing products or services, enhance our operating infrastructure and acquire complementary businesses and technologies. Accordingly, we may need to engage in equity or debt financings to secure additional funds. If we raise additional funds through further issuances of equity or convertible debt securities, our existing stockholders could suffer significant dilution, and any new equity securities we issue could have rights, preferences and privileges superior to those of holders of our common stock. Any debt financing secured by us in the future could involve restrictive covenants relating to our capital raising activities and other financial and operational matters, which may make it more difficult for us to obtain additional capital and to pursue business opportunities, including potential acquisitions. In addition, we may not be able to obtain additional financing on terms favorable to us, if at all. If we are unable to obtain adequate financing or financing on terms satisfactory to us, when we require it, our ability to continue to support our business growth and to respond to business challenges could be significantly limited.

Risks Related to the Ownership of our Common Stock

Our stock price may be volatile.

The market price of our common stock is likely to be volatile and could be subject to wide fluctuations in response to, among other things, the risk factors described in this section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, and other factors beyond our control. Factors affecting the trading price of our common stock could include:

 

   

variations in our operating results;

 

   

variations in operating results of similar companies;

 

   

changes in the estimates of our operating results or changes in recommendations by any securities analysts that elect to follow our common stock;

 

   

changes in our outlook for future operating results which are communicated to investors and analysts;

 

   

announcements of technological innovations, new products, services or service enhancements, strategic alliances or agreements by us or by our competitors;

 

   

marketing and advertising initiatives by us or our competitors;

 

   

the gain or loss of listings and advertising;

 

   

threatened or actual litigation;

 

   

major changes in our management;

 

   

recruitment or departures of key personnel;

 

   

market conditions in our industry, the travel industry and the economy as a whole;

 

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the overall performance of the equity markets;

 

   

sales of shares of our common stock by existing stockholders;

 

   

the reports of industry research analysts who cover our competitors and us;

 

   

stock-based compensation expense under applicable accounting standards; and

 

   

adoption or modification of regulations, policies, procedures or programs applicable to our business.

Furthermore, the stock markets have experienced price and volume fluctuations that have affected and continue to affect the market prices of equity securities of many companies. These fluctuations often have been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of those companies. These broad market and industry fluctuations and general economic, political and market conditions, such as recessions, interest rate changes or international currency fluctuations, may negatively affect the market price of our common stock regardless of our actual operating performance. Each of these factors, among others, could harm the value of our common stock.

In the past, many companies that have experienced volatility in the market price of their stock have been subject to securities class action litigation. We may be the target of this type of litigation in the future. Securities litigation against us, regardless of the merits or outcome, could result in substantial costs and divert our management’s attention from other business concerns, which could materially harm our business.

If securities analysts and other industry experts do not continue to publish research or publish negative research about our business, our stock price and trading volume could decline.

The trading market for our common stock depends in part on the research, reports and other media that securities analysts and other industry experts publish about us or our business. If one or more of the analysts who covers us downgrades our stock or publishes negative research about our business, our stock price would likely decline. If one or more of these analysts ceases coverage of our company or fails to publish reports on us regularly, we could lose visibility in the market for our stock and demand for our stock could decrease, which could cause our stock price or trading volume to decline. If one or more industry analysts publish negative statements about our business, our stock price could decline.

We do not anticipate paying any dividends on our common stock.

We do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. If we do not pay cash dividends, our stockholders could receive a return on their investment in our common stock only if the market price of our common stock has increased when they sell their shares.

Our charter documents and Delaware law could prevent a takeover that stockholders consider favorable and could also reduce the market price of our stock.

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and our amended and restated bylaws contain provisions that could delay or prevent a change in control of our company. These provisions could also make it more difficult for stockholders to elect directors and take other corporate actions. These provisions include:

 

   

creating a classified board of directors whose members serve staggered three-year terms;

 

   

not providing for cumulative voting in the election of directors;

 

   

authorizing our board of directors to issue, without stockholder approval, preferred stock with rights senior to those of our common stock;

 

   

prohibiting stockholder action by written consent; and

 

   

requiring advance notification of stockholder nominations and proposals.

 

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Certain provisions under Delaware law, the provisions listed above, and other provisions included in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and our amended and restated bylaws could discourage potential takeover attempts, reduce the price that investors might be willing to pay in the future for shares of our common stock and result in the market price of our common stock being lower than it would be without these provisions.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

None.

Item 2. Properties.

Our executive, administrative, and U.S. operating offices are primarily located in Austin, Texas where we lease approximately 143,000 square feet of office space. During 2014, we plan to lease a new office location in Austin, Texas containing approximately 115,000 square feet which we will begin to utilize in three phases between 2014 and 2016. The lease for this new office will end in 2026.

As of December 31, 2013, we maintained additional offices in the United States, Europe, South America and Australia. Our largest leased facilities outside of Austin, Texas include office space in Denver, Colorado; Seattle, Washington; Paris, France; Marseilles, France; Geneva, Switzerland; Madrid, Spain; and London, England. We also we lease space for our data center and computer servers in the United States and London, England. We believe our current and planned office facilities and data center space will be adequate for our needs for the foreseeable future.

For additional information regarding obligations under operating leases, see Note 7 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

From time to time, we may become involved in litigation related to claims arising from the ordinary course of our business. We believe that there are no claims or actions pending or threatened against us, the ultimate disposition of which would have a material adverse effect on us.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

Market Information

Our common stock is traded on the NASDAQ under the symbol “AWAY”. The following table sets forth for the periods indicated the high and low sales prices per share of our common stock as reported on by the NASDAQ.

 

     Sales Price Per Share
in 2013
 

Year Ended December 31, 2013

   Low      High  

Fourth Quarter

   $ 27.27       $ 41.78   

Third Quarter

   $ 27.70       $ 34.00   

Second Quarter

   $ 28.01       $ 34.30   

First Quarter

   $ 21.35       $ 34.09   

 

     Sales Price Per Share
in 2012
 

Year Ended December 31, 2012

   Low      High  

Fourth Quarter

   $ 19.58       $ 27.47   

Third Quarter

   $ 20.20       $ 25.34   

Second Quarter

   $ 19.19       $ 26.87   

First Quarter

   $ 21.23       $ 28.00   

On February 20, 2014, the last reported sales price of our common stock on the NASDAQ was $48.36 per share and there were 54 holders of record of our common stock. Because many of our shares of common stock are held by brokers and other institutions on behalf of stockholders, this number is not indicative of the total number of stockholders represented by these stockholders of record.

Use of Proceeds

On July 5, 2011, the Company completed its initial public offering (“IPO”) of 9,200,000 shares of common stock, at $27.00 per share, before underwriting discounts and commissions. The Company sold 5,931,335 shares and existing stockholders sold an aggregate of 3,268,665 shares, including 1,200,000 shares as a result of the underwriters’ exercise of their over-allotment option to purchase additional shares. The offer and sale of all of the shares in the IPO were registered under the Securities Act pursuant to a registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-172783), which was declared effective by the SEC on June 28, 2011. No payments were made by us to directors, officers or persons owning ten percent or more of our common stock or to their associates, or to our affiliates, other than payments in the ordinary course of business to officers for salaries, or as a result of sales of shares of common stock by selling stockholders in the offering or as a result of accrued dividends paid at the time of the conversion of the Company’s outstanding shares of Series A and Series B preferred stock.

There have been no material changes in the planned use of proceeds from the Company’s IPO from that described in the final prospectus filed with the SEC pursuant to Rule 424(b) on June 28, 2011. With the proceeds of the offering, the Company redeemed its outstanding shares of Series A and B preferred stock for $65.1 million, as well as paid in full all accrued but unpaid dividends on its outstanding shares of Series C preferred stock, which totaled $32.9 million. During the year ended December 31, 2012, the Company invested $16.1 million, net of cash acquired, for the acquisition of Top Rural S.L. in Spain and $6.4 million for a non-controlling equity investment in a private company in China. In addition, during the year ended December 31, 2013, the Company invested an additional $3.7 million for a further non-controlling equity investment in the

 

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same private company in China, acquired a controlling interest in travelmob Pte. Ltd. in Singapore for a net purchase price of $11.5 million, acquired a controlling interest in Bookabach Limited in New Zealand for a net purchase price of $2.4 million and invested $191.8 million, net of cash acquired, for the acquisition of Stayz Pty Limited in Australia.

Dividend Policy

We have neither declared nor paid any cash dividends on our common stock and we do not expect to pay dividends on our common stock for the foreseeable future. We anticipate that all of our earnings will be used for the operation and growth of our business. Any future determination to pay dividends on our common stock would be subject to the discretion of our board of directors and would depend upon various factors, including our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity requirements, restrictions that may be imposed by applicable law and our contracts, and other factors deemed relevant by our board of directors.

Performance Graph

Notwithstanding any statement to the contrary in any of our filings with the SEC, the following information shall not be deemed “filed” with the SEC or “soliciting material” under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and shall not be incorporated by reference into any such filings irrespective of any general incorporation language contained in such filing.

The following graph compares the total cumulative stockholder return on our common stock with the total cumulative return of the NASDAQ Composite Index and the S&P North American Technology Internet Index during the period commencing on June 29, 2011, the initial trading day of our common stock, and ending on December 31, 2013. The graph assumes a $100 investment at the beginning of the period in our common stock, the stocks represented in the NASDAQ Composite Index and the stocks represented in the S&P North American Technology Internet Index, and reinvestment of any dividends. The S&P North American Technology Internet Index is a modified-capitalization weighted index of 28 stocks representing the Internet industry, including Internet content and access providers, Internet software and services companies and e-commerce companies. Historical stock price performance should not be relied upon as an indication of future stock price performance.

LOGO

Equity Compensation Plan Information

For information regarding securities authorized for issuance under equity compensation plans, see Part III, Item 12 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

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Item 6. Selected Financial Data.

We have derived the consolidated statements of operations data for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011 and the consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 from our audited consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this filing. We have derived the consolidated statement of operations data for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 and the consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009 from our audited consolidated financial statements not included in this filing. To obtain further information about our historical results, including our historical acquisitions, for which results of operations are included in our consolidated financial statements beginning on the dates of acquisition, you should read the following selected consolidated financial data in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes, the information in the section of this filing titled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the other financial information included elsewhere in this filing. Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of our future results.

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     2011     2010     2009  
     (in thousands except per share data)  

Consolidated Statements of Operations Data(1):

          

Revenue:

          

Listing

   $ 294,661      $ 238,413      $ 199,457      $ 152,890      $ 115,881   

Other

     51,828        41,991        30,766        14,994        4,349   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenue

     346,489        280,404        230,223        167,884        120,230   

Costs and expenses:

          

Cost of revenue (exclusive of amortization shown separately below)

     54,638        45,342        34,456        25,647        17,800   

Product development

     58,226        43,152        32,744        18,703        13,180   

Sales and marketing

     112,967        93,366        81,532        58,376        39,483   

General and administrative

     75,169        56,311        47,268        41,445        29,331   

Amortization expense

     11,668        12,438        11,542        9,953        9,516   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total costs and expenses

     312,668        250,609        207,542        154,124        109,310   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     33,821        29,795        22,681        13,760        10,920   

Other income (expense):

          

Interest expense

     —         —         —         (22     (3

Interest income

     1,211        928        374        208        261   

Other income (expense)

     (6,017     (2,587     (4,384     (3,326     1,481   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other income (expense)

     (4,806     (1,659     (4,010     (3,140     1,739   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     29,015        28,136        18,671        10,620        12,659   

Income tax (expense) benefit

     (11,724     (13,175     (12,493     6,314        (4,992
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

     17,291        14,961        6,178        16,934        7,667   

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (395     —         —         —         —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to HomeAway, Inc.

     17,686        14,961        6,178        16,934        7,667   

Cumulative preferred stock dividends and discount accretion

     —         —         (24,678     (35,224     (33,511
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders

   $ 17,686      $ 14,961      $ (18,500   $ (18,290   $ (25,844
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders:

          

Basic

   $ 0.21      $ 0.18      $ (0.31   $ (0.48   $ (0.70

Diluted

   $ 0.20      $ 0.18      $ (0.31   $ (0.48   $ (0.70
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares outstanding:

          

Basic

     85,378        82,382        59,549        38,143        37,172   

Diluted

     88,259        84,942        59,549        38,143        37,172   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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     December 31,  
     2013      2012      2011      2010     2009  
     (in thousands)  

Consolidated Balance Sheet Data(1):

             

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 324,608       $ 189,478       $ 118,208       $ 65,697      $ 92,425   

Working capital (deficit)

     220,429         121,990         72,331         (20,484     32,804   

Total assets

     1,080,672         722,675         604,631         489,742        427,095   

Total liabilities

     246,733         205,642         163,622         127,851        97,420   

Total redeemable and convertible preferred stock

     —          —          —          478,965        451,749   

Total stockholders’ equity (deficit)

     823,355         517,033         441,009         (117,074     (122,074

 

     December 31,  
     2013      2012      2011      2010      2009  
     (in thousands)  

Other Financial Data(1):

              

Adjusted EBITDA(2)

   $   96,722       $   80,348       $   66,756       $   43,220       $   30,568   

Free cash flow(3)

     92,972         85,265         64,499         51,452         32,563   

Capital expenditures

     19,616         17,260         12,978         10,396         12,617   

Non-GAAP net income(4)

     49,820         40,617         29,237         32,186         17,738   

 

(1) Acquisitions of businesses we have made are included in our consolidated financial statements beginning on the dates of acquisition. Acquisitions we have made for the periods included above consist of: Homelidays.com in France in January 2009; AlugueTemporada.com.br in Brazil in March 2010; BedandBreakfast.com in the United States in March 2010; Escapia, Inc. in the United States in October 2010; Instant Software in the United States in October 2010; RealHolidays.com.au in Australia in April 2011; Second Porch, Inc. in the United States in April 2011; Toprural.com in Spain in April 2012; travelmob Pte. Ltd. in Singapore in August 2013; Bookabach Limited in New Zealand in November 2013; and Stayz Pty Limited in Australia in December 2013.
(2) We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) attributable to HomeAway, Inc. plus depreciation, amortization of intangible assets; interest expense, net; income tax expense (benefit); stock-based compensation expense; net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests, all net of any foreign exchange income or expense.

The following table presents a reconciliation of net income attributable to HomeAway, Inc. to Adjusted EBITDA:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     2011     2010      2009  
     (in thousands)  

Net income attributable to HomeAway, Inc.

   $ 17,686      $ 14,961      $ 6,178      $ 16,934       $ 7,667   

Depreciation and amortization

     25,067        23,489        19,971        15,841         13,612   

Stock-based compensation

     37,887        27,033        23,933        13,512         5,978   

Interest expense

     —         —         —         22         3   

Interest income

     (1,211     (928     (374     (208      (261

Foreign exchange (income) expense

     5,964        2,618        4,555        3,433         (1,423

Income tax expense (benefit)

     11,724        13,175        12,493        (6,314      4,992   

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (395     —         —         —          —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

   $ 96,722      $ 80,348      $ 66,756      $ 43,220       $ 30,568   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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The following table presents stock-based compensation and depreciation included in the respective line items in our Consolidated Statement of Operations:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013      2012      2011      2010      2009  
     (in thousands)  

Stock-based compensation:

              

Cost of revenue

   $ 3,064       $ 2,675       $ 1,805       $ 861       $ 396   

Product development

     9,515         5,642         5,023         2,424         906   

Sales and marketing

     8,488         6,629         6,292         1,730         857   

General and administrative

     16,820         12,087         10,813         8,497         3,819   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 37,887       $ 27,033       $ 23,933       $ 13,512       $ 5,978   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013      2012      2011      2010      2009  
     (in thousands)  

Depreciation:

              

Cost of revenue

   $ 4,268       $ 3,682       $ 2,703       $ 2,079       $ 1,505   

Product development

     3,092         2,470         1,885         1,211         817   

Sales and marketing

     4,248         3,438         2,763         1,605         1,110   

General and administrative

     1,791         1,461         1,078         993         664   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 13,399       $ 11,051       $ 8,429       $ 5,888       $ 4,096   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(3) We define free cash flow as our cash provided by operating activities, adjusted for cash interest expense and excess tax benefit (shortfall) from stock-based compensation, and subtracting capital expenditures. For the purpose of calculating free cash flow, we consider purchases of property, equipment, leasehold improvements for our offices, and software licenses, including costs associated with internally developed software, as capital expenditures.

The following table presents a summary of cash flows:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     2011     2010     2009  
     (in thousands)  

Cash provided by operating activities

   $ 104,362      $ 95,403      $ 76,972      $ 61,857      $ 44,962   

Cash used in investing activities

     (223,372     (57,975     (73,502     (81,031     (70,962

Cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     252,047        33,000        51,630        (5,952     (17,949

The following table presents a reconciliation of cash provided by operating activities to free cash flow:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     2011     2010     2009  
     (in thousands)  

Cash provided by operating activities

   $ 104,362      $ 95,403      $ 76,972      $ 61,857      $ 44,962   

Excess tax benefit (shortfall) from stock-based compensation

     8,226        7,122        505        (9     218   

Capital expenditures

     (19,616     (17,260     (12,978     (10,396     (12,617
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Free cash flow

   $ 92,972      $ 85,265      $ 64,499      $ 51,452      $ 32,563   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(4)

We define non-GAAP net income as our net income (loss) attributable to HomeAway, Inc. plus the after-tax effect of stock-based compensation expense, amortization of intangible assets and the impact on

 

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  noncontrolling interests of these items, utilizing a tax rate of 35%. The income tax effect of adjustments to non-GAAP net income assists investors in understanding the tax provision related to those adjustments and a tax rate of 35% related to ongoing operations.

The following table presents a reconciliation of net income attributable to HomeAway, Inc. to non-GAAP net income:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     2011     2010     2009  
     (in thousands)  

Net income attributable to HomeAway, Inc.

   $ 17,686      $ 14,961      $ 6,178      $ 16,934      $ 7,667   

Add:

          

Stock-based compensation

     37,887        27,033        23,933        13,512        5,978   

Amortization expense

     11,668        12,438        11,542        9,953        9,516   

Related tax effect

     (17,343     (13,815     (12,416     (8,213     (5,423

Impact on noncontrolling interest of non-GAAP adjustments

     (78     —         —         —         —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-GAAP net income

   $ 49,820      $ 40,617      $ 29,237      $ 32,186      $ 17,738   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Discussion of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This Form 10-K contains non-GAAP financial measures: Adjusted EBITDA, free cash flow and non-GAAP net income, as described above, as well as revenue adjusted for foreign currency. Revenue adjusted for foreign currency assumes foreign currency exchange rates used for translation based on the rates in effect for the comparable prior-year period. In order to compute our constant currency revenue, we divide our monthly U.S. dollar results by the applicable current year monthly average foreign exchange rates and then multiply those amounts by the applicable prior year monthly average foreign exchange rates. Adjusted EBITDA, free cash flow, non-GAAP net income and constant currency revenue are financial measures that are not calculated in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or GAAP. However, we believe that the use of Adjusted EBITDA, free cash flow, non-GAAP net income and constant currency revenue are useful to investors in evaluating our operating performance for the following reasons:

 

   

our management uses adjusted EBITDA, free cash flow, non-GAAP net income and constant currency revenue in conjunction with GAAP financial measures as part of our assessment of our business and in communications with our board of directors concerning our financial performance;

 

   

Adjusted EBITDA, free cash flow, non-GAAP net income and constant currency revenue provide consistency and comparability with our past financial performance, facilitate period-to-period comparisons of operations, and also facilitate comparisons with other peer companies, many of which use similar non-GAAP financial measures to supplement their GAAP results;

 

   

securities analysts use Adjusted EBITDA, free cash flow, non-GAAP net income and constant currency revenue as supplemental measures to evaluate the overall operating performance of companies; and

 

   

Adjusted EBITDA and non-GAAP net income exclude non-cash charges, such as depreciation, amortization and stock-based compensation, because such non-cash expenses in any specific period may not directly correlate to the underlying performance of our business operations and can vary significantly between periods.

Adjusted EBITDA, free cash flow, non-GAAP net income and constant currency revenue should not be reviewed in isolation. You should consider them in addition to, and not as substitutes for, measures of our financial performance reported in accordance with GAAP. Our Adjusted EBITDA, free cash flow, non-GAAP net income or constant currency revenue may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies

 

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and because other companies may not calculate such measures in the same manner as we do. Adjusted EBITDA, free cash flow, non-GAAP net income and constant currency revenue have limitations as analytical tools. In addition, none of these measures reflect future requirements for contractual obligations.

Further limitations of Adjusted EBITDA include:

 

   

this measure does not reflect changes in working capital;

 

   

this measure does not reflect interest income or interest expense; and

 

   

this measure does not reflect cash requirements for income taxes.

 

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following discussion and analysis of the financial condition and results of our operations should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this filing. In addition to historical consolidated financial information, the following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs. These statements involve risks and uncertainties and our actual results could differ materially from those discussed below. See the “Forward Looking Statements” disclosure above for a discussion of the uncertainties, risks and assumptions associated with these statements. See also the “Risk Factors” disclosure above for additional discussion of such risks.

Overview

We operate the world’s largest online marketplace for the vacation rental industry. Our marketplace brings together millions of travelers seeking vacation rentals online with hundreds of thousands of property owners and managers of vacation rental properties located in 190 countries around the world. Our portfolio includes leading vacation rental websites in the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Spain, Brazil, Australia, Singapore and New Zealand. During 2013, according to our internal metrics, our websites attracted approximately 750 million website visits, and as of December 31, 2013, our global marketplace included approximately 890,000 paid listings.

In 2013, consistent with our stated strategy, we focused our efforts on providing the largest selection of properties to travelers and the most qualified inquiries to property owners and managers. Including acquisitions, we added 178,244 paid listings, net of non-renewals, to our network during 2013, representing a 25.0% growth rate over the prior year. Consistent with providing the largest selection of properties to travelers, we also expanded our network during 2013 as a result of our acquisition of travelmob Pte. Ltd. (“travelmob”) in Singapore, Bookabach Limited (“Bookabach”) in New Zealand and Stayz Pty Limited (“Stayz”) in Australia. Travelmob, Bookabach and Stayz added approximately 62,000 paid listings to our network, further solidifying our market presence in the Asia Pacific region. In addition, in the fourth quarter of 2013, we launched a performance-based pay-per-booking commission product in the U.S. that allows owners and managers to list their property on our marketplace and pay a commission per booking in lieu of a pre-paid subscription fee. At the end of 2013, this pay-per-booking product was available on HomeAway.com in the U.S. and to larger property managers on select HomeAway websites in Europe and contributed to our acceleration of paid listings growth during 2013. We believe over the long-term this will attract more listings which will be beneficial to travelers and will contribute to revenue growth for our business.

Historically, property owners and managers have paid us to list on our marketplace by paying for a subscription that generally is for an annual period. Our listing business, which is made up largely of subscription listings, comprises the majority of our revenues at 85.0% for each of the years ended December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012. We continued to improve monetization of our paid listing base from pricing and product changes through continued adoption of our tiered pricing structure, where available, and from an increase in purchases by property owners and managers of bundled listings products. This improved monetization can be seen in the increase of our average revenue per listing from $353 in 2012 to $368 in 2013. Average revenue per subscription listing, excluding the impact of foreign exchange rates and lower revenue per listing for pay-for-performance listings, also accelerated during 2013 and increased by 12.4% in 2013 compared to 2012 and by 6.8% in 2012 compared to 2011. Tiered pricing allows property owners and managers with paid subscriptions to improve their position in search results by purchasing a higher subscription level or tier. We believe property owners and managers increasingly will elect to purchase higher tiers, which would increase average subscription revenue per subscription listing in future periods. At the same time, by keeping base prices low, we believe the number of paid listings can continue to grow. Although we plan to launch tiered pricing on our other websites as well, we may use different strategies as we enter new markets and geographies or attempt to further penetrate the professional property manager market which could result in lower average revenue per listing.

 

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Enablement of e-commerce on our websites has been and will continue to be a focus for our Company. In 2013, we continued to see adoption of our online payments platform, called ReservationManager™, which is currently available on HomeAway.com and VRBO.com in the United States, HomeAway.co.uk in the United Kingdom, Abritel.fr in France and HomeAway.de in Germany. ReservationManager enables property owners and managers to respond to and manage inquiries, prepare and send rental quotes and payment invoices; allows travelers to book online, including the ability to enter into rental agreements online; and process online payments via credit card or eCheck. Additionally in some countries, through ReservationManager, property owners and managers can make value-added products such as property damage protection available for purchase. We believe that adoption of this product over time will allow us to earn more revenue from ancillary products while providing a more secure and efficient payment mechanism for travelers. We plan to introduce new products and services for travelers, property owners and managers, which we believe will provide further opportunities to generate revenue through our marketplace.

We believe that bringing travelers to our online marketplace is necessary to attract and retain vacation rental owners and managers. It is also critical for us to increase the rate at which travelers book vacation rentals with our property owners and managers. To meet these challenges, which are even more important with the increase in performance-based listings, we are focused on a combination of marketing tactics, including pay-per-click advertising, search engine optimization, and display advertising, with a goal of driving more travelers and bookings to our websites as well as increasing the exposure of the vacation rental category. We are also investing in product enhancements to make it easier for travelers visiting our websites to search and find the right property, to inquire and to book their stay. Online booking enables travelers to reserve a vacation rental directly on any of our listing websites that utilize our ReservationManager payments platform, rather than requiring correspondence with a property owner or manager to reserve a vacation rental.

Key Financial Highlights

We have achieved significant growth since our commercial launch in 2005. Our revenue growth is attributable to our acquisitions of other online listings businesses, the organic growth in the number of listings that property owners and managers purchase from us, increases in the average revenue we receive per listing due to additional features and price increases, and the introduction of additional products and services related to our marketplace. We view our market opportunity as global and have historically generated strong cash flows. Additionally, we have had predictable financial results because of our advance payment, subscription-based model and our high annual listing renewal rates.

Key financial highlights for 2013 include the following:

 

   

Total revenue was $346.5 million compared to $280.4 million in 2012, or an increase of 23.6%, excluding the impact of foreign exchange rates, total revenue increased by 23.0%;

 

   

Percentage of total revenue from outside the United States was 39.0% in 2013, compared to 38.3% in 2012, and in 2013 included 36.5% from Europe, 2.4% from Brazil and Australia and 0.1% from the Asia Pacific region;

 

   

Listing revenue was $294.7 million compared to $238.4 million in 2012, or an increase of 23.6%, and contributed 85.0% of total revenue in both 2013 and 2012;

 

   

Net income attributable to HomeAway, Inc. was $17.7 million, or $0.20 per diluted share, compared to $15.0 million, or $0.18 per diluted share, in 2012, or an increase of 18.2%;

 

   

Cash from operating activities was $104.4 million compared to $95.4 million in 2012, or an increase of 9.4%, which includes a negative impact from an excess tax benefit as a result of stock-based compensation of $8.2 million in 2013, compared to $7.1 million in 2012;

 

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Adjusted EBITDA was $96.7 million compared to $80.3 million in 2012, or an increase of 20.4%; as a percentage of revenue, Adjusted EBITDA was 27.9%; excluding one-time expenses related to the acquisition of Stayz in the fourth quarter of 2013, Adjusted EBITDA would have increased 25.1% year-over-year;

 

   

Free cash flow was $93.0 million compared to $85.3 million in 2012, or an increase of 9.0%;

 

   

Non-GAAP net income was $49.8 million, or $0.56 per diluted share, compared to non-GAAP net income of $40.6 million, or $0.48 per diluted share in 2012; and

 

   

Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments as of December 31, 2013 were $391.4 million.

For further discussion regarding Adjusted EBITDA, free cash flow and non-GAAP net income, along with reconciliations of such numbers to the most directly comparable financial measures calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP, please see the information under the caption “Selected Financial Data” in Item 6 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Acquisitions

Since our inception, we have acquired 21 businesses as part of our growth strategy. Each of these acquisitions has been accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting. Accordingly, the financial statements for these businesses have been included in our consolidated financial results since the applicable acquisition dates. The most recent acquisitions were travelmob Pte. Ltd. in Singapore, Bookabach Limited in New Zealand and Stayz Pty Limited in Australia during August 2013, November 2013 and December 2013, respectively. These acquisitions further provide the Company the opportunity to address the growing market needs in the Asia Pacific region for the short-term vacation rental industry.

Our acquisitions have presented, and certain of them continue to present, significant integration challenges. They have required us to integrate new operations, offices and employees and to formulate and execute on marketing, product and technology strategies associated with the acquired businesses. In some cases, we continue to manage multiple brands and technology platforms of the acquired businesses, which has increased our cost of operations. Challenges of this nature are likely to arise if we acquire businesses in the future.

Growth Opportunities and Trends

Our ability to continue to grow our revenue will depend largely on increasing the number of paid listings, increasing revenue per listing and increasing revenue from other products and services through our marketplace. This includes our ability to successfully enable e-commerce transactions on our websites, including allowing for online payments and online booking, and commission-based revenue streams for vacation rental listings including pay-per-booking listings. We continually assess opportunities for strategic acquisitions. We also use direct and indirect marketing as well as telesales to reach owners and professional property managers. We believe that the growing awareness of vacation rentals, as a favorable alternative to hotels, has and will continue to support growth of our business.

Expenses

Our expenses are primarily composed of salaries and related expenses, marketing and professional fees. Our expenses from year to year may fluctuate due to timing of specific events or projects. We will continue to increase expenses across the organization on an annual basis to support our growth and expect our cost of revenue to grow in absolute dollars but remain consistent as a percentage of revenue in 2014. We expect to incur higher expenses for product development as we record a full year impact of personnel hired in 2013 and as we hire additional personnel to develop new features and products and expect product development expenses to increase as a percentage of revenue in 2014. We expect to incur higher expenses in absolute dollars and as a

 

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percentage of revenue in 2014 for sales and marketing as we continue to build our sales team to address the professional property managers and continue to build brand and category awareness. We expect to incur higher expenses in absolute dollars and as a percentage of revenue in 2014 for general and administrative expenses to support the growth of our business internationally and the requirements of being a publicly traded company. We plan for additional capital investments in 2014 to support the growth of our business and expect our investment in capital expenditures to increase as a percentage of revenue as compared to 2013, primarily due to the expansion of our office facilities in Austin, Texas. We believe that the reorganization of our global corporate structure will lower our tax expense over the longer term and we are continuously seeking to optimize in line with our global expansion plans.

Key Business Metrics

In addition to traditional financial and operational metrics, we use the following business metrics to monitor and evaluate results.

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     2011  

Paid listings, end of period

     889,875        711,631        640,925   

Average revenue per listing

   $ 368      $ 353      $ 341   

Renewal rate, end of period

     72.5     73.8     76.8

Visits to websites (in millions)

     752        600        496   

Following the migration of VRBO.com to our global technology platform in 2012, property owners and managers that have listings on both HomeAway.com and VRBO.com are able to consolidate their listings into one listing that is displayed on both websites. Additionally, the platform consolidation allows property owners and managers to purchase bundled listings that include display on both HomeAway.com and VRBO.com. As a result, we now count these bundled listings as one listing. This impacts the comparability of our current period reported metrics to our previously reported historical metrics for paid listings, renewal rate and average revenue per listing.

As a result of consolidated listings and bundled listings, our paid listing counts will be lower since these listings previously would have been counted as two paid listings had they been purchased on both websites. In the future, as property owners and managers that have listings on both HomeAway.com and VRBO.com renew their subscriptions into a bundled listing, we will count these as one listing. We anticipate more bundled listings and consolidations of listings in the future, including the migration of Homelidays.com and Stayz.com.au to our global technology platform, which we expect will lower our paid subscription listing growth. The lower paid listing counts from consolidations and bundles will in turn lower our reported renewal rate. Additionally, our bundled listing products generally have a higher overall price and will increase our average revenue per listing.

Adjusting for the impact of our customers’ ability to consolidate listings and to purchase network product bundles, we estimate our business metrics to be as follows:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     2011  

Paid listings, end of period

     938,385        724,357        640,925   

Average revenue per listing

   $ 354      $ 349      $ 341   

Renewal rate, end of period

     75.3     74.4     76.8

Paid Listings. In 2013, 2012 and 2011, 85.0%, 85.0% and 86.6%, respectively, of our revenue was derived from paid listings. We regularly track paid listings as a key revenue growth indicator and to identify trends in our business and industry. From 2012 to 2013 and from 2011 to 2012, ending paid listings increased by 25.0% and 11.0%, respectively, contributing to listing revenue growth of 23.6% and 19.5%, respectively. The growth in paid

 

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listings is due to our marketing and selling new and additional listings to property owners and managers, the introduction of pay-per-booking listings, listings acquired in acquisitions and organic growth from property owners and managers who become aware of our websites and choose to market their properties. For the year, we reduced the number of pay-per-lead listings and added a significant number of pay-per-booking listings, resulting in a net impact of 225.4% ending listing growth from performance-based listings. A portion of the growth in listings came from 2013 acquisitions of Travelmob, Bookabach and Stayz, which added approximately 62,000 paid listings to our network, most of which are performance-based listings. Growth in new listings is partially offset by loss of listings through attrition and through consolidations.

Adjusting for the impact of consolidated listings and new bundled listings, we estimate that our paid listing growth would have been 29.5% in 2013 compared to 2012 and 13.0% in 2012 compared to 2011. We do not expect these changes to have any negative impact on the number of unique properties on our websites.

We define a paid listing as a fee to list a property advertisement on one or more websites in our marketplace. A paid listing allows a property owner or manager to include a description of the property, along with location, pricing, availability, a specified number of photos and contact information. We also provide tools to enable property owners and managers to manage their listings and rental business. Most listings are sold on a subscription basis, and some listing packages may include listings on more than one of our websites. We also sell listings on a pay-for-performance basis. When purchased at the same time in one bundle, we count this as one paid listing.

As the number of paid listings increases, we believe that we will generate additional revenue while also expanding the value of the marketplace to travelers, thus increasing the likelihood that travelers will find a property that is suitable to their needs. It is possible that a specific property may be listed on more than one of our websites without indicating that the multiple listings refer to the same property. We have used various technologies to estimate the number of unique properties and are implementing systems and processes to identify the number of unique properties that comprise our paid vacation rental listings, which we estimate was approximately 824,000 as of December 31, 2013, as compared to approximately 630,000 as of December 31, 2012.

Average Revenue per Listing. We believe that trends in revenue per listing, over an extended period, are important to understanding the value we bring to property owners and managers, and the overall health of our marketplace. We use trends in revenue per listing, as well as trends in paid listings, in order to formulate financial projections and make strategic business decisions. At a consolidated level, increases in revenue per listing may increase our earnings or may be leveraged for future investment. The average revenue per listing may fluctuate based on the timing and nature of acquisitions, changes in our pricing, the impact of consolidated and bundled listing products, uptake of listing enhancements, changes in the pricing of enhancements, seasonality, changes in brand and listing type mix, and the impact of foreign exchange rates on our listing revenue outside of the United States.

From 2012 to 2013 and from 2011 to 2012, average revenue per listing increased by 4.2% and 3.5%, respectively, which contributed to our overall listing revenue growth. Average revenue per listing for paid subscriptions only, excluding the impact of foreign exchange rates and lower revenue per listing for pay-for-performance listings, grew 12.4% to $425 in 2013 as compared to $378 in 2012.

Adjusting for the impact of consolidated listings and new bundled listings on the number of paid listings, our average revenue per listing would have been $354 in 2013 and $349 in 2012, or an increase of 1.4% in 2013 compared to 2012 and 2.3% in 2012 compared to 2011. Making the same adjustments, average revenue per listing for paid subscriptions only, excluding the impact of foreign exchange rates and lower revenue per listing for pay-for-performance listings, grew 8.8% to $407 in 2013 as compared to $374 in 2012.

 

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We compute average revenue per listing as annualized listing revenue divided by the average of paid listings at the beginning and end of the period. Our paid listings include both subscription listings and pay-for-performance listings. Average revenue per listing may be impacted by changes in mix between listing types, with pay-for-performance listings generally having a dilutive effect on average revenue per listing. The price of listings varies by website and can include various additional fees associated with listing enhancements. Given such impacts together with the recent and significant growth in pay-for-performance listings, we plan to stop reporting average revenue per all types of listings and instead report on average subscription revenue per subscription listing.

We have traditionally relied on increases in base pricing to increase revenue per listing but are now focused on tiered pricing alternatives as well as bundled listings for our property owners and managers which may or may not include increases in our base price. We began offering tiered pricing on HomeAway.com in the United States in 2011, which allows our property owners and managers to purchase a higher subscription level to increase the position of their listings in search results. In 2012, we migrated VRBO.com in the United States to the same tiered pricing structure. Also in 2012, we launched tiered pricing on HomeAway.com.uk in the United Kingdom, Abritel.fr in France and HomeAway.de in Germany. In 2013, tiered pricing was launched on HomeAway.es in Spain, HomeAway.it in Italy and AlugueTemporada.com.br in Brazil. As we continue to implement tiered pricing on other websites, or change the prices or structure of tiered pricing, we may see an impact to listing sales in the current period with the impact on revenue seen over the length of the subscription period.

Renewal Rate. Renewal of paid subscription listings is a key driver of revenue for our business. Also, we track renewal rate in order to understand and improve upon the satisfaction of our property owners and managers and to help us more accurately estimate our future revenue and cash flows. Our overall renewal rate decreased from 73.8% in 2012 to 72.5% in 2013 following a decrease in our renewal rates from 76.8% in 2011 to 73.8% in 2012. This decline of 1.3% in 2013 is primarily due to the impact of consolidated listings in the United States. After adjusting for consolidated listings, our renewal rate as of December 31, 2013 is estimated to be 75.3%, or consistent with the same adjusted renewal rate in 2012.

We expect continued product improvements, demand generation for property owners and managers and the resulting increases in customer satisfaction to result in long-term improvements to renewal rates. Our renewal rate will continue to be impacted by our property owners’ and managers’ ability to consolidate their listings and their ability to purchase geographic bundled listings and by use of promotional activities to attract new subscribers at a lower price who many renew at lower rates. Additionally, our paid subscription listing renewal rate could be impacted by property owners and managers who elect to list their properties on our recently launched pay-per-booking commission-based model, rather than paying a subscription fee.

The renewal rate for our subscription listings at the end of any period is defined as the percentage of those paid listings that were active at the end of the period ended twelve months prior that are still active as of the end of the reported period. Unique property subscription listings that are removed from property managers’ accounts and subsequently replaced with new subscription listings within the same property manager’s account listings are not considered as renewals in our renewal rate calculation. We include most brands in our calculation of renewal rate. However, subscriptions to BedandBreakfast.com and Toprural.com remain excluded until we can further develop our database system. However, based on our review of other internal renewal rate data, we do not believe that the exclusion of these brands from the renewal rate calculation materially impacts the result. Property owners’ and managers’ satisfaction with our solutions is the primary driver of our renewal rate. We believe that property owners and managers measure their satisfaction with our websites based largely on the number of inquiries and rental bookings that they receive from travelers. When the underlying vacation properties are sold or taken off the market, the owner or manager has no further need for the listings, and this attrition is a natural and ongoing component of non-renewal of listings. We exclude pay-for-performance listings from our renewal rate analysis since they are not sold on a subscription basis.

 

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Visits to Websites. We view visits to websites as a key indicator of growth in our brand awareness among users and our ability to provide our property owners and managers with inquiries and bookings from travelers. Growth in visits to websites will be driven by our marketing strategies and has a direct impact on our financial performance. We use a variety of tools to measure visits to our websites. These tools include solutions from third parties such as Omniture and Google Analytics. We also review third-party published reports to measure our results against comparable companies; however, these reports are not consistent with our internal measurements.

Growth in visits was 25.6% in 2013 as compared to 2012 and was 20.9% in 2012 as compared to 2011. During the fourth quarter of 2012, we began using a different tool for the measurement of visits for certain of our websites. On a comparable basis, we estimate that visits would have increased by 19.1% in 2013 compared to 2012 and 20.0% in 2012 compared to 2011, if we had been using the same tools during both reporting periods.

We believe that certain quality initiatives aimed at reducing the number of visits required to secure a booking may have an impact on growth in visits. These initiatives include online booking, quotable rates, and continuous improvements to our search functionality to help travelers locate appropriate properties more quickly.

Key Components of Our Results of Operations

Revenue

We derive most of our revenue from paid subscription listings. Our customers generally pay for their subscription listings at the beginning of the listing term, and revenue is recognized monthly over the term of the listing, which is generally one year. We offer pay-for-performance listings to property owners and professional managers, which represented 1.7% and 1.4% of our revenue in 2013 and 2012, respectively. This offering allows the customer to list a property with no initial upfront fees and, instead, pay us fees on traveler inquiries or commissions on traveler bookings.

A major source of new property listings has been through the introduction of pay-for-performance listings and through the use of our inside sales organization who target larger professional managers. We also generate new listings from search engines such as Google, where property owners and managers search to find vacation rental listings websites. In addition, word-of-mouth referrals, primarily from existing property owners and managers that have been successful in renting their vacation rentals or travelers who have been successful in finding a property to rent using our websites, are another source for new listings.

We believe that in order to grow our revenue in the future, it will be important to introduce new features and functionality for our property owners and managers, allowing us to keep prices low while offering expanded distribution and search placement for additional fees. It will also be important for us to continually improve the functionality of our websites to attract a large audience of travelers to help ensure our property owners and managers receive sufficient inquiries and bookings.

Deferred revenue consists of payments received from sales of paid listings or payments received from performance-based listings in excess of the revenue that we have recognized from the same listings, sales from hosted software solutions for which the estimated period of the hosting relationship is longer than one year and sales of gift cards for which revenue is recognized over a period commensurate with the use of the gift card. Deferred revenue increases as a result of new and renewed listings and decreases as a result of the recognition each month of the pro-rata share of revenue from cash collected in previous periods. We expect an increase in deferred revenue on an annual basis as we grow our core listing business, but may experience seasonal decreases in deferred revenue in quarters with fewer new listings and renewals, as is discussed in more detail in the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Seasonality and Quarterly Results” section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. As with other balance sheet line items, deferred revenue is reflected at the current month-end exchange rate, and the change in deferred revenue may therefore be impacted by movements in foreign currency.

 

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We earn revenue from the sales of Internet display-based advertising on our websites, property management software licenses and related maintenance, gift cards and commissions for online reservations. We also offer other services to property owners, managers and travelers that result in revenue and royalties.

Costs and Expenses

A large component of our costs and expenses consists of personnel costs. Personnel costs include salaries, benefits, bonuses and related expenses, including stock-based compensation. We grew from 1,228 employees at December 31, 2012 to 1,542 employees at December 31, 2013. We expect that personnel costs will be higher in absolute dollars in 2014 than in 2013 based on an expected increase in the number of employees in 2014.

Cost of Revenue. Cost of revenue consists of salaries, benefits and related expenses and stock-based compensation of our customer service and web-hosting personnel, merchant fees charged by credit card processors, costs associated with the hosting of our websites, costs associated with payments and reserves under our Carefree Rental Guarantee, allocated facility expenses and depreciation costs. Personnel costs include salaries, benefits, bonuses and related expenses, including stock-based compensation. To the extent that the number of paid listings on our marketplace grows and as we add more features to our websites, we intend to invest additional resources in customer service systems and personnel. Our customer service personnel help our property owners and managers use our websites to list their properties, answer their questions, and perform listing reviews and other processes as a part of our efforts to ensure quality, trust and security. Our customer service personnel also help travelers use our websites to book their travel and answer their questions. As more property owners and travelers utilize our e-commerce products and services, such as our online booking functionality on our websites, we believe that more travelers will require help from our customer service personnel. Our merchant fees are based on a contractual rate per transaction and will increase in absolute dollars as sales of listings increase, but for 2014 we expect our merchant fees to remain relatively constant and commensurate with 2013 levels, as a percentage of revenue. In general, as we add more features and functionality to our websites and anticipate an increase in the number of travelers accessing our websites, we will increase our spending on hardware and software required for hosting. We expect these additional costs to cause our cost of revenue expenses to increase in absolute dollars but remain consistent as a percentage of revenue in 2014 as compared to 2013.

We view the operation of our websites as a foundation upon which different revenue streams are generated. Cost of revenue, as described above, which includes the cost of customer service personnel, web hosting and merchant fees, directly supports our listing revenue, which was 85.0% of total revenue in 2013 and 2012. These same expenses support the overall operation of our websites and therefore our other revenue. There are no other material distinct costs of revenue for any period presented. The reporting of cost of revenue as one category in our consolidated financial statements is consistent with the manner in which we manage our business.

Product Development. Product development expenses consist primarily of personnel costs, third-party contracting and consulting fees associated with our research and development of new services, expenses associated with improvements to, and maintenance of, existing services, allocated facility expenses and depreciation costs. We have historically focused our product development efforts on increasing the functionality and enhancing the ease of use of our websites, both for property owners and managers and for travelers. We intend to increase our technology and product resources by hiring additional personnel in future periods as we anticipate an increase in the number of listings and develop new features and products. We expect these additional investments to cause our product development expenses to increase both in absolute dollars and as a percentage of revenue in 2014 as compared to 2013.

Sales and Marketing. Sales and marketing expenses consist primarily of amounts paid for pay-per-click, or PPC, online display advertising, broad reach advertising, personnel costs for our marketing, search engine optimization, or SEO, sales staff, and consulting and other services firms fees, expenses associated with email marketing programs and public relations expenses, allocated facility expenses and depreciation costs. We utilize

 

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PPC advertising primarily to increase the number of travelers to our websites who are seeking properties in specific geographical areas in order to increase the number of inquiries and bookings regarding vacation rentals. Our sales and marketing team also focuses on increasing the placement of our websites in search rankings on Google, Bing and other search engines, which results in owner, manager and traveler acquisition at relatively little incremental expense. We intend to increase our sales expense to drive additional listing sales to professional property managers and increase marketing efforts to support our new products, increase the traffic to our websites and increase overall brand awareness. Also, we may elect to significantly increase Internet search engine marketing to drive additional travelers to our websites to support the increase in new listings. It will be particularly important for us to increase bookings to our pay-for-performance customers while also continuing to deliver bookings for our subscription-based customers. Therefore, we expect to build and enhance our internal team of marketing professionals to manage this area. We expect our sales and marketing expenses to increase in absolute dollars and as a percentage of revenue in 2014 as compared to 2013.

General and Administrative. General and administrative expenses consist of personnel costs for our executive, finance and accounting, and management information systems personnel, professional fees for legal, audit, and other consulting services, allocated facility expenses, depreciation and other corporate overhead expenses. We expect to increase headcount to support our anticipated growth and international expansion, which will result in an increase in other expenses, such as facilities, office and travel. We also expect to continue to incur costs associated with operating as a public company, including increases in our finance, accounting and legal personnel, additional consulting, legal and audit fees, insurance costs, board of directors’ compensation, and costs associated with compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and other requirements. As a result, we expect our general and administrative expenses to increase in absolute dollars and as a percentage of revenue in 2014 as compared to 2013.

Depreciation

Property and equipment, office tenant improvements and software licenses are recorded at cost and are depreciated using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives. Equipment and computer hardware are generally depreciated over three years and furniture and fixtures over five to ten years. Leasehold improvements are recorded at cost and depreciated over the shorter of the contractual lease period or their estimated useful life. We allocate depreciation to expense categories based on the relative number of employees in each category. Based on our current estimated level of capital expenditures, we expect our depreciation expense to increase in absolute dollars and as a percentage of revenue in 2014 as compared to 2013.

Amortization

Due to our historical acquisitions, we have recorded identifiable intangible assets, which are being amortized over their estimated useful lives. As a result, our amortization expense has grown as we have made acquisitions. We perform annual impairment testing of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets, or when events or circumstances indicate that impairment may have occurred. We expect our amortization expenses to increase in absolute dollars in 2014 as compared to 2013 but decrease as a percentage of revenue in 2014. Amortization expense will depend on our future acquisition activity.

Other Income (Expense)

Other income (expense) includes interest earned on our excess cash, which is invested in short-term instruments, net of interest expense. At December 31, 2013, we had operations in the United States, France, the United Kingdom, Spain, Germany, Australia, Brazil, Switzerland, Singapore, New Zealand, Italy, Colombia and Thailand. As a result of operating in multiple countries, we incur gains and losses on foreign currency transactions, primarily related to the valuation of intercompany loans and short-term advances, which are included as other income (expense).

 

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Income Taxes

We accrue federal, state, and foreign income taxes at the applicable statutory rates adjusted for certain items, including non-deductible expenses, the most significant of which is stock-based compensation, and changes in our reserves for uncertain tax positions and deferred tax asset valuation allowance.

Significant judgment is required in evaluating any uncertain tax positions and determining our provision for income taxes. Although we believe our reserves are reasonable, no assurance can be given that the final tax outcome of these matters will not be different from that which is reflected in our historical income tax provisions and accruals. We adjust these reserves in light of changing facts and circumstances, such as the closing of a tax audit or the refinement of an estimate due to additional information. To the extent that the final tax outcome of these matters is different than the amounts recorded, such differences will impact the provision for income taxes in the period in which the determination is made. The provision for income taxes includes the impact of reserve provisions and changes to reserves that are considered appropriate, as well as any related net interest and penalties.

Significant judgment is also required in determining any valuation allowance recorded against deferred tax assets. In assessing the need for a valuation allowance, we consider all available evidence, including past operating results, estimates of future taxable income, reversals of existing taxable temporary differences and the feasibility of tax planning. In the event that we change our determination as to the amount of deferred tax assets that can be realized, we will adjust our valuation allowance with a corresponding impact to the provision for income taxes in the period in which the determination is made.

Historically, we have generated most of our current taxable income outside of the United States due to net operating loss carryforwards and stock option deductions available for utilization in the United States. However, in 2014 we expect to utilize most of our available U.S. NOL carryforward. In 2014, we expect to pay corporate income taxes associated with our operations in Australia, Brazil, Colombia, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain and Switzerland, as well as certain states within the United States. We will continue to expand our business outside of the United States, in which case, we will become subject to further taxation based on foreign statutory tax rates in those jurisdictions where we operate, and our effective tax rate may fluctuate as a result.

During 2011, we began implementing a global corporate restructuring plan involving our European headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland to integrate our acquired businesses, streamline our European operations, and improve our internal controls. Our Swiss and U.S. subsidiaries also entered into an agreement to share the costs of website development going forward. As expected, the full impact of this restructuring plan is occurring over several quarters and results in volatility in both our provision for income taxes and our effective tax rate.

In 2013, we benefited from the U.S. research and experimentation tax credit incentive extended to taxpayers engaged in qualified research and experimental activities while carrying on a trade or business. The tax credit expired on December 31, 2013, and if not renewed under similar terms as in prior years, the result could have a material impact on our financial results.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our consolidated financial statements include the accounts of our U.S.-based operations and our Australia, Brazil, Colombia, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand, Singapore, Spain, Switzerland and United Kingdom-based subsidiaries. Our consolidated results are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, costs and expenses, and related disclosures. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates and assumptions. To the extent there are material differences between these estimates and our actual results, our consolidated financial statements will be affected.

 

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Our significant accounting policies are described in Note 2 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements included, and, of those policies, we believe that the accounting policies discussed below involve the greatest degree of complexity and exercise of judgment by our management. The methods, estimates and judgments that we use in applying our accounting policies have a significant impact on our results of operations particularly in the areas of business combination and taxes. Accordingly, we believe the policies described below are the most critical for understanding and evaluating our financial condition and results of operations.

Revenue Recognition

We recognize revenue when persuasive evidence of an agreement exists, delivery has occurred, the sales price is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured.

We generate a significant portion of our revenue from listing customers for online advertising listing services related to the listing of their properties for rent, primarily on a subscription basis, over a fixed-term. We also generate revenue from commissions on bookings or traveler inquiries on our performance-based listings. Additional revenues are derived from local and national Internet display advertisers, license of property management software and ancillary products and services.

Payments for term-based paid subscriptions received in advance of services being rendered are recorded as deferred revenue and recognized ratably on a straight-line basis over the listing period. Revenue for performance-based listings are calculated as a percentage of the traveler booking or a fixed fee-per-inquiry stated in the arrangement and recognized when the service has been performed or as the customers’ refund privileges lapse.

Internet display advertising revenue is generated primarily from advertisements appearing on our websites. There are several types of Internet advertisements, and the way in which advertising revenue is earned varies among them. Depending upon the terms, revenue might be earned each time an impression is delivered, each time a user clicks on an ad, each time a graphic ad is displayed, or each time a user clicks-through on the ad and takes a specified action on the destination site. We recognize advertising revenue on a cost-per-thousand (CPM) impression basis whereby advertisers pay us based on the number of times their ads appear on our websites.

We sell gift cards with no expiration dates to travelers and do not charge administrative fees on unused cards. There is a portion of the gift card obligation that, based on historical redemption patterns, will not be used or required to be remitted to relevant jurisdictions, or breakage. At the point of sale, we recognize breakage as deferred revenue and amortize it over 48 months based on historical redemption patterns. We also record commission revenue for each gift card sale over the same 48-month redemption period.

Through our professional software for bed and breakfasts and professional property managers, we make selected, online bookable properties available to online travel agencies and channel partners. We receive a percentage of the transaction value or a fee from the property manager for making this inventory available, which is recognized when earned. This revenue is included in other revenue in our consolidated statement of operations.

We generate revenue from the licensing of software products, from the sale of maintenance agreements and from the sale of hosted software solutions. For software license sales, one year of maintenance is typically included as part of the initial purchase price of the bundled offering with annual renewals of the maintenance component of the agreement following in subsequent years.

We recognize revenue from the sale of perpetual licenses upon delivery, which generally occurs upon electronic transfer of the license key that makes the product available to the purchaser.

As software is usually sold with maintenance, the amount of revenue allocated to the software license is determined by allocating the fair value of the maintenance and subtracting it from the total invoice or contract amount. Vendor-specific objective evidence, or VSOE, of the fair value of maintenance services is determined by

 

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the standard published list pricing for maintenance renewals, as we generally charge list prices for maintenance renewals. In determining VSOE, we require that a substantial majority of the selling price for maintenance services fall within a reasonably narrow pricing range. Maintenance and support revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the agreement beginning on the activation date. Amounts that have been invoiced are recorded in accounts receivable and in deferred revenue or revenue, depending on whether the revenue recognition criteria have been met.

Sales of hosted software solutions are generally for a one-year period. Revenue is recognized on a straight-line basis over the contract term. Certain implementation services related to the hosting services are essential to the customer’s use of the hosting services. For sales of these hosting services where we are responsible for implementation, we recognize implementation revenue ratably over the estimated period of the hosting relationship, which we consider to be three years. Recognition starts once the product has been activated.

Training and consulting revenue is recognized upon delivery of the training course or consulting services to the end customer.

We account for sales incentives to customers as a reduction of revenue at the time that the revenue is recognized from the related product sale. We also report revenue net of any sales tax collected.

Business Combinations

Since our inception, we have acquired 21 businesses. The purchase prices of acquired businesses have been allocated to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed, based upon their estimated fair value at the date of purchase. The difference between the purchase price and the fair value of the net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill.

Most of the businesses we have acquired did not have a significant amount of tangible assets. We identified the following identifiable intangible assets in each acquisition: trade name, customer relationships, internal software and non-competition agreements. Each valuation of intangible assets generally used similar assumptions as most of the businesses acquired were substantially the same and were acquired simultaneously, in some cases, or within a short time period of each other. In making other assumptions on valuation and useful lives, we considered the unique nature of each acquisition. As of December 31, 2013, we had $80.7 million in intangible assets (net of accumulated amortization) and $507.6 million in goodwill.

There are three basic approaches to determining fair value of an asset: the income approach, the market approach and the cost approach. We utilized a third-party valuation firm to assist us in the valuation of the acquired intangibles and the resulting allocation of purchase price for all acquisitions. For trade name valuation, we used the relief from royalty method, which is a hybrid of the income and market approaches; for customer relationships, we used the excess earnings method, a form of the income approach.

Application of these approaches involves the use of estimates, judgment and assumptions, such as future cash flows and selection of comparable companies. Future changes in our assumptions or the interrelationship of those assumptions may negatively impact future valuations. In the future, measurements of fair value and adverse changes in discounted cash flow assumptions could result in an impairment of goodwill or intangible assets that would require a non-cash charge to the combined consolidated statements of operations and may have a material effect on our financial condition and operating results.

Our definite-lived intangible assets, including trade names, internal software, customer relationships, and non-competition agreements are recorded at cost less accumulated amortization. These definite-lived intangibles are amortized using a method that reflects our best estimate of the pattern in which the economic benefit of the related intangible asset is utilized. Goodwill and intangible assets deemed to have indefinite useful lives, such as certain trade names, are not amortized and are subject to annual impairment tests or whenever events or

 

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circumstances indicate impairment may have occurred. Circumstances that could trigger an impairment test include but are not limited to: a significant adverse change in the business climate or legal factors; adverse cash flow trends; an adverse action or assessment by a regulator; unanticipated competition; loss of key personnel; decline in stock price; and results of testing for recoverability of a significant asset group within a reporting unit. We determined that no triggering event occurred during any of the periods presented.

For indefinite lived intangible assets, we complete what is referred to as the “Step 0” analysis, which involves evaluating qualitative factors, including macroeconomic conditions, industry and market considerations, cost factors, and overall financial performance related to our goodwill and our indefinite lived intangible assets. If our “Step 0” analysis indicates that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit or of an indefinite lived intangible asset is less than carrying amount, then we would perform a quantitative two-step impairment test. The quantitative analysis compares the fair value of our reporting unit or indefinite-lived intangible assets to the carrying amounts, and an impairment loss is recognized equivalent to the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value. If, after assessing the totality of events or circumstances, we determine that it is not more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit or indefinite lived intangible asset is less than its carrying amount, then the quantitative impairment tests are unnecessary.

We perform an evaluation of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment annually in October. The determination of whether or not goodwill or indefinite-lived intangible assets have become impaired involves a significant level of judgment in the assumptions underlying the approach used to determine the value of the reporting unit or intangible assets. Changes in our strategy and/or market conditions could significantly impact these judgments and require adjustments to recorded amounts of goodwill or intangible assets. No impairment of goodwill or indefinite-lived intangible assets was identified in any of the periods presented.

Stock-Based Compensation

We have stock-based compensation plans which allow for the issuance of stock-based awards, including stock options, restricted stock units and restricted stock awards. We account for stock-based compensation expense by amortizing the fair value of each stock-based award expected to vest over the requisite service or performance period. The fair value of restricted stock awards is based on the number of shares granted and the closing price of our common stock on the date of grant. The fair value of each stock option award is calculated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model.

The Black-Scholes model requires various assumptions including fair value of the underlying stock, volatility, expected option life, risk-free interest rate and expected dividends. As of each stock option grant date, we review an average of the disclosed year-end volatility of our own common stock and a group of companies that we consider peers based on a number of factors including, but not limited to, similarity to us with respect to industry, business model, stage of growth, financial risk or other factors, along with considering our future plans to determine the appropriate volatility. The expected life is based on our historical experience of similar awards, giving consideration to the contractual term of the stock-based awards, vesting schedules and expectations of future employee behavior. The risk-free interest rate is determined by reference to the United States Treasury rates with the term approximating the expected life assumed at the date of grant.

In addition, we are required to estimate the expected forfeiture rate of stock-based awards, and we only recognize expense for those awards expected to vest. We estimate the forfeiture rate based on our historical experience. To the extent the actual forfeiture rate is different from the estimate, stock-based compensation expense is adjusted accordingly. If any of the assumptions we use in estimating the fair value of awards change significantly or the actual forfeiture rate is different than the estimate, stock-based compensation expense may differ materially in the future from that recorded in the current period.

Prior to June 29, 2011, the date our common stock began trading on the NASDAQ, the fair value of common stock had been determined by the board of directors at each grant date based on a variety of factors,

 

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including arm’s-length sales of our common stock, periodic valuations of our common stock with the assistance of a third-party valuation firm, our financial position, historical financial performance, projected financial performance, valuations of publicly traded peer companies and the illiquid nature of common stock. Stock-based awards made following June 29, 2011 have a fair value based on the closing price of our common stock on the NASDAQ on the date of grant.

Income Taxes

We account for income taxes in accordance with the liability method, whereby deferred tax asset and liability account balances are determined based on differences between financial reporting and the tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. These differences result in deferred tax assets and liabilities, which are included in our consolidated balance sheets. We then assess the likelihood that the deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income and the reversal of temporary taxable differences. A valuation allowance is established against deferred tax assets to the extent we believe that recovery is not likely. Significant judgment is required in determining any valuation allowance to be recorded. In assessing the need for a valuation allowance, we consider all available evidence, including past operating results, estimates of future taxable income, reversals of taxable temporary differences and the feasibility of tax planning over the periods in which the temporary differences are deductible. In the event that we change our determination as to the amount of deferred tax assets that can be realized, we will adjust our valuation allowance with a corresponding impact to the provision for income taxes in the period in which the determination is made. Income tax expense or benefit is the current tax payable or refundable, respectively, for the period, plus or minus the change during the period in deferred tax assets and liabilities.

We are a current taxpayer in Australia, Brazil, France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain and several states in the United States. Since our inception, in the United States, we have not had any current federal tax liabilities due to tax losses incurred in earlier years and carried forward, as well as significant stock option deductions generated in 2012 and 2013.

At December 31, 2013, we had approximately $8.5 million of U.S. federal NOLs available to reduce future taxable income, $7.9 million of which is attributable to pre-acquisition losses of Escapia, and $0.2 million of which is attributable to pre-acquisition losses of Second Porch. Our NOLs will begin to expire in 2025. The NOLs acquired from Escapia and Second Porch are subject to an annual limitation pursuant to Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, due to an “ownership change,” which occurred at the time of our acquisition of the shares of that company. The NOLs attributable to the period of time before our February 1, 2005 Series A preferred stock financing transaction are also subject to an annual limitation due to the deemed ownership change that occurred upon the issuance of those shares. Accordingly, we have not recorded a benefit for approximately $0.4 million of NOLs that will expire unused. All of our NOLs could be subject to a further limitation if we experience an ownership change in future periods.

The difference between our effective income tax rate and the federal statutory rate is primarily a function of the mix of foreign versus U.S. income, the impact of foreign tax rates, uncertain tax positions, the research and experimentation credit and permanent differences, including stock-based compensation charges and non-deductible charges. Our provision for income taxes is subject to volatility and could be adversely impacted by earnings being lower than anticipated in countries that have lower tax rates and higher than anticipated in countries that have higher rates and by pending or future tax law changes in the countries where we conduct business, including rate changes.

In 2013, we benefited from the U.S. research and experimentation tax credit incentive extended to taxpayers engaged in qualified research and experimental activities while carrying on a trade or business. The tax credit expired on December 31, 2013, and if not renewed under similar terms as in prior years, the result could have a material impact on our financial results.

 

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In calculating our effective tax rate, significant judgment is required in determining any uncertain tax positions, including the timing and amount of deductions and allocations of income among various tax jurisdictions. We are required to identify, evaluate and measure all uncertain tax positions taken or to be taken on tax returns and to record liabilities for the amount of these positions that may not be sustained, or may only partially be sustained, upon examination by the relevant taxing authorities. Although we believe that our estimates and judgments are reasonable, actual results may differ from these estimates. Some or all of these judgments are subject to review by the taxing authorities. We adjust these reserves in light of changing facts and circumstances, such as the closing of an audit or the refinement of an estimate. To the extent that the final outcome of a matter is different than the amount recorded, such differences will impact the provision for income taxes in the period in which the determination is made. The provision for income taxes includes the impact of reserve provisions and changes to reserves that are considered appropriate, as well as any related net interest and penalties.

Our provision for income taxes does not include provisions for U.S. income taxes and foreign withholding taxes associated with the repatriation of undistributed earnings of any of our foreign subsidiaries because we intend to invest our non-U.S. earnings permanently in foreign operations. If these earnings were distributed to the U.S. in the form of dividends or otherwise, or if the shares of the relevant foreign subsidiaries were sold or otherwise transferred, we would be subject to additional U.S. income taxes (subject to adjustment for foreign tax credits) and foreign withholding taxes.

 

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Results of Operations

The following tables present our historical operating results and our historical operating results as a percentage of revenue for the periods indicated.

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     2011  
     (in thousands, except per share data)  

Consolidated Statements of Operations Data:

      

Revenue:

      

Listing

   $ 294,661      $ 238,413      $ 199,457   

Other

     51,828        41,991        30,766   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenue

     346,489        280,404        230,223   

Costs and expenses:

      

Cost of revenue (exclusive of amortization shown separately below)

     54,638        45,342        34,456   

Product development

     58,226        43,152        32,744   

Sales and marketing

     112,967        93,366        81,532   

General and administrative

     75,169        56,311        47,268   

Amortization expense

     11,668        12,438        11,542   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total costs and expenses

     312,668        250,609        207,542   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     33,821        29,795        22,681   

Other income (expense):

      

Interest income

     1,211        928        374   

Other expense

     (6,017     (2,587     (4,384
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other income (expense)

     (4,806     (1,659     (4,010
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     29,015        28,136        18,671   

Income tax expense

     (11,724     (13,175     (12,493
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

     17,291        14,961        6,178   

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (395     —         —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to HomeAway, Inc.

     17,686        14,961        6,178   

Cumulative preferred stock dividends and discount accretion

     —         —         (24,678
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders

   $ 17,686      $ 14,961      $ (18,500
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders:

      

Basic

   $ 0.21      $ 0.18      $ (0.31

Diluted

   $ 0.20      $ 0.18      $ (0.31
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares outstanding:

      

Basic

     85,378        82,382        59,549   

Diluted

     88,259        84,942        59,549   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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       Year Ended December 31,  
           2013             2012             2011      

Consolidated Statements of Operations as a Percentage of Revenue:

        

Revenue:

        

Listing

       85.0     85.0     86.6

Other

       15.0        15.0        13.4   
    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenue

       100.0        100.0        100.0   

Costs and expenses:

        

Cost of revenue (exclusive of amortization shown separately below)

       15.8        16.2        15.0   

Product development

       16.8        15.4        14.2   

Sales and marketing

       32.6        33.3        35.4   

General and administrative

       21.7        20.1        20.5   

Amortization expense

       3.4        4.4        5.0   
    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total costs and expenses

       90.2        89.4        90.1   
    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

       9.8        10.6        9.9   

Other income (expense):

        

Interest income

       0.3        0.3        0.2   

Other expense

       (1.7     (0.9     (1.9
    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other income (expense)

       (1.4     (0.6     (1.7
    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

       8.4        10.0        8.1   

Income tax (expense) benefit

       (3.4     (4.7     (5.4
    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

       5.0        5.3        2.7   

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

       (0.1     —          —     
    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to HomeAway, Inc.

       5.1     5.3     2.7
    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comparison of the Years Ended December 31, 2013 and 2012

Revenue

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     Change  

Revenue

   Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percent  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Listing

   $ 294,661         85.0   $ 238,413         85.0   $ 56,248         23.6

Other

     51,828         15.0        41,991         15.0        9,837         23.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 346,489         100.0   $ 280,404         100.0   $ 66,085         23.6
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     Change  

Revenue

   Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percent  
     (dollars in thousands)  

United States

   $ 211,473         61.0   $ 173,078         61.7   $ 38,395         22.2

International

     135,016         39.0        107,326         38.3        27,690         25.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 346,489         100.0   $ 280,404         100.0   $ 66,085         23.6
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Revenue was $346.5 million in 2013, compared to $280.4 million in 2012, an increase of $66.1 million, or 23.6%. Our U.S. revenue was $211.5 million, or 61.0% of our total revenue, in 2013, compared to $173.1 million, or 61.7% of our total revenue, in 2012.

While our overall revenue growth rate for 2013 was 23.6%, our organic revenue growth rate was 22.2%, due to the acquisition of Toprural in April 2012 that was not included in our organic revenue growth rate until May 2013, and the 2013 acquisitions of travelmob, Bookabach and Stayz that were not included in our organic revenue growth rate. We consider growth to be organic if generated from businesses that we have owned for at least 12 months.

Listings Revenue

Our core listing business revenue increased $56.2 million in 2013 as compared to 2012, primarily due to an increased number of new listings and an increase in revenue per listing. Paid listings increased from 711,631 at the end of 2012 to 889,875 at the end of 2013. The growth in paid listings is due to our marketing and selling new and additional listings to property owners and managers, the introduction of pay-per-booking listings, listings acquired in acquisitions and organic growth from property owners and managers who become aware of our websites and choose to market their properties. In addition, we added approximately 62,000 listings in the Asia Pacific region as part of our acquisitions of travelmob, Bookabach and Stayz. Our average revenue per listing was $368 in 2013 compared to $353 in 2012, an increase of $15, or 4.2%. We continued to improve monetization of our paid subscription listing base during 2013 from pricing and product changes through continued adoption of our tiered pricing structure and from an increase in purchases by property owners and managers of bundled listings products.

Other Revenue

Other revenue increased by $9.8 million in 2013 compared to 2012. Revenue from products focused on travelers, such as property damage protection and trip insurance and the Carefree Rental Guarantee, generated increased revenue of $5.3 million in 2013 compared to 2012. Furthermore, revenue from our owner reservation tool and the related merchant bank credit card royalties increased by $1.9 million in 2013 compared to 2012. Revenue from our software products, including related maintenance and training, generated increased revenue of $0.9 million while revenue generated from our channel partners comprised $1.2 million of the increased revenue in 2013.

Revenue Growth in Constant Currency

We invoice and collect payments in the Euro, the British Pound, the Brazilian Reis, the Australian Dollar and the Singapore Dollar, as well as other currencies in their respective regions. As a result, our total revenue is affected by changes in the value of the U.S. dollar relative to these other currencies. In order to provide a comparable framework for assessing how our business performed excluding the effect of foreign currency fluctuations, management analyzes year-over-year revenue growth on a constant currency basis. Since we operate with the U.S. dollar as our functional currency, we calculate constant currency on revenue recognized during the current period that was originally booked in currencies other than the U.S. dollar by comparing the exchange rates used to recognize revenue in the current period against the exchange rates used to recognize revenue in the comparable prior period.

In 2013, the year-over-year growth in listing revenue measured on a constant currency basis was 22.9%, compared with 23.6% as reported. The year-over-year growth in total revenue in 2013 measured on a constant currency basis was 23.0%, compared with 23.6% as reported.

 

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Cost of Revenue

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     Change  
     Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percent  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Cost of revenue

   $ 54,638         15.8   $ 45,342         16.2   $ 9,296         20.5
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cost of revenue was $54.6 million in 2013, compared to $45.3 million in 2012, an increase of $9.3 million, or 20.5%. A large part of the increase was due to a $5.6 million increase in salaries, benefits, bonuses and related expenses, including non-cash stock-based compensation, for our customer service and web-hosting personnel. During 2013, we added 44 new customer support personnel and incurred a full year impact of adding 107 new employees in 2012 in customer support and web-hosting personnel. With increased customer service employees as well as increased investment in hosting equipment, we incurred a higher expense for depreciation of computer equipment, furniture and facility leasehold improvements, which increased by $1.1 million, or 16.3%, from 2012 to 2013. Merchant fees are generally incurred as a percentage of credit card receipts and increased by $253,000 in 2013 compared to 2012. Direct expenses associated with web hosting increased by $356,000 as we added more computing capacity for increased growth in visits to our websites. Other increases included $1.5 million in increases in software licenses and maintenance for our corporate systems and $554,000 in increases in contracting, consulting and other professional fees.

Product Development

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     Change  
     Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percent  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Product development

   $ 58,226         16.8   $ 43,152         15.4   $ 15,074         34.9

Capitalized software development costs

     9,005         2.6        5,878         2.1        3,127         53.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total product and technology costs expensed and capitalized

   $ 67,231         19.4   $ 49,030         17.5   $ 18,201         37.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Product development expense was $58.2 million for 2013, compared to $43.2 million for 2012, an increase of $15.1 million, or 34.9%. A large part of the increase was due to a $16.6 million increase in salaries, benefits, bonuses and related expenses, including non-cash stock-based compensation, offset by an increase in capitalized software costs of $3.1 million. During 2013, we added 94 new employees in product development and incurred a full year impact of adding 77 new employees in 2012 in product development. Overall increases in headcount also drove higher facilities and depreciation expense of $1.2 million in 2013. Contracting expense increased by $480,000 in 2013 compared to 2012 due to increased use of outsourced technology resources.

Sales and Marketing

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     Change  
     Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percent  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Sales and marketing

   $ 112,967         32.6   $ 93,366         33.3   $ 19,601         21.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Sales and marketing expense was $113.0 million for 2013, compared to $93.4 million for 2012, an increase of $19.6 million, or 21.0%. Salaries, benefits, bonuses and related expenses, including non-cash stock-based compensation, increased $14.2 million due primarily to an increase in the number of our employees. During 2013, we added 121 new employees in sales and marketing and incurred a full year impact of adding 80 new employees in 2012. Overall increases in headcount also drove higher facilities and depreciation expense of $1.6 million. Direct marketing expenses increased by $1.8 million due to higher expenses with online display marketing, affiliate marketing and pay-per-click advertising through our network of website partners to support the growth of the overall business. Other increases included $1.8 million from contracting and travel expenses.

General and Administrative

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     Change  
     Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percent  
     (dollars in thousands)  

General and administrative

   $ 75,169         21.7   $ 56,311         20.1   $ 18,858         33.5
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

General and administrative expense was $75.2 million for 2013, compared to $56.3 million for 2012, an increase of $18.9 million, or 33.5%. A large part of the increase was due to a $10.3 million increase in salaries, benefits, bonuses and related expenses, including non-cash stock-based compensation. During 2013, we added 55 new employees and executives in operations, finance, human resources, and legal and incurred a full year impact of adding 29 new employees in 2012 in general and administrative functions. In 2013, contracting, consulting and other professional fees increased by $5.3 million, largely due to $4.2 million in one-time expenses related to the acquisitions of travelmob, Bookabach and Stayz. Other increases included $1.4 million of expense related to the Basic Rental Guarantee offered to travelers, $637,000 from facilities expense and depreciation and $798,000 in equipment expense.

Amortization

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     Change  
     Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount     Percent  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Amortization expense

   $ 11,668         3.4   $ 12,438         4.4   $ (770     (6.2 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Amortization expense was $11.7 million for 2013, compared to $12.4 million for 2012, a decrease of $770,000, or 6.2%. The decrease in amortization expense in 2013 compared to 2012 included $2.4 million as a result of certain intangible assets from prior acquisitions becoming fully amortized. This decrease was partially offset by an increase of $1.1 million from the addition of identifiable intangible assets from our acquisitions in 2013 and $576,000 as a result of amortizing certain previously indefinite-lived intangible assets.

Other Income (Expense)

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     Change  
     Amount     Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount     Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount     Percent  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Other expense

   $ (4,806     (1.4 )%    $ (1,659     (0.6 )%    $ (3,147     189.7
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Other income (expense) includes approximately $6.0 million in losses from foreign currency related transactions in 2013, compared to losses of $2.6 million the previous year. These losses consist primarily of the re-measurement of intercompany loans and other assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies, including gains/losses recognized on forward contracts. These losses were partially offset by interest income of $1.2 million in 2013, compared to $928,000 in 2012.

Income Taxes

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     Change  
     Amount     Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount     Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percent  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Income tax expense

   $ (11,724     (3.4 )%    $ (13,175     (4.7 )%    $ 1,451         (11.0 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

The change in income tax expense from $13.2 million in 2012 to $11.7 million in 2013 is primarily related to a benefit of $3.2 million related to the federal research and experimentation tax credit, a decrease in charges to record tax reserves, increased tax deductions related to stock-based compensation, as well as the release of valuation allowance against the net deferred tax assets of the Company’s existing Australian subsidiary, offset by $2.0 million of expense related to a prior period that was deferred and recognized in the current period, a decrease in the foreign tax rate differential benefit due to decreased earnings in lower tax jurisdictions and an increase in non-deductible expenses, including $1.5 million of expenses related to acquisitions.

Tax expense in 2013 contains $2.0 million in provisions for reserves, which includes $0.3 million associated with our global restructuring plan.

The federal research and experimentation tax credit was extended on January 2, 2013 by the signing of the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 (“Relief Act”). The Relief Act retroactively extended this tax credit from January 1, 2012 through December 31, 2013. Additionally, we completed a research and experimentation credit study analyzing the value of the credit. As a result, an income tax benefit of $2.0 million related to prior years’ research and experimentation tax credit is reflected in our results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2013.

Comparison of the Years Ended December 31, 2012 and 2011

Revenue

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2012     2011     Change  

Revenue

   Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percent  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Listing

   $ 238,413         85.0   $ 199,457         86.6   $ 38,956         19.5

Other

     41,991         15.0        30,766         13.4        11,225         36.5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 280,404         100.0   $ 230,223         100.0   $ 50,181         21.8
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2012     2011     Change  

Revenue

   Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percent  
     (dollars in thousands)  

United States

   $ 173,078         61.7   $ 138,574         60.2   $ 34,504         24.9

International

     107,326         38.3        91,649         39.8        15,677         17.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 280,404         100.0   $ 230,223         100.0   $ 50,181         21.8
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Revenue was $280.4 million in 2012, compared to $230.2 million in 2011, an increase of $50.2 million, or 21.8%. Our U.S. revenue was $173.1 million, or 61.7% of our total revenue, in 2012, compared to $138.6 million, or 60.2% of our total revenue, in 2011.

While our overall revenue growth rate for 2012 was 21.8%, our organic revenue growth rate was 19.8%, mainly due to the acquisition of Toprural in April 2012 that was not included in our organic revenue growth rate. We consider growth to be organic if generated from businesses that we have owned for at least 12 months.

Listings Revenue

Our core listing business revenue increased $39.0 million in 2012 as compared to 2011, primarily due to an increased number of new listings and an increase in revenue per listing. Paid listings increased from 640,925 at the end of 2011 to 711,631 at the end of 2012. Paid listings increased as more owners became aware of our marketplace and as we increased our efforts to increase listings from professional property managers. In addition, we added approximately 12,000 listings in Spain as part of our purchase of Toprural. Our average revenue per listing was $353 in 2012 compared to $341 in 2011, an increase of $12, or 3.5%. The increase was due to base price increases made for certain brands as well as the introduction of tiered pricing on five of our websites, offset by negative impact of foreign exchange rates and reduction in average revenue per listing as a result of lower average revenue per listing of our Australian listings.

Other Revenue

Other revenue increased by $11.2 million in 2012 compared to 2011. Advertising revenue increased by 44.2%, or $3.8 million, in 2012 compared to 2011, due to increased click-through rate as a result of increased traffic to our websites, as well as additional advertising placements on our websites. Revenue from our owner reservation tool and the related merchant bank credit card royalties increased by $2.5 million in 2012 compared to 2011. The balance of the increased revenue was generated from products focused on travelers, such as property damage protection and trip insurance and the Carefree Rental Guarantee, which generated increased revenue of $3.4 million in 2012 compared to 2011.

Revenue Growth in Constant Currency

We invoice and collect payments in the Euro, the British Pound, the Brazilian Reis, the Australian Dollar and the Singapore Dollar, as well as other currencies in their respective regions. As a result, our total revenue is affected by changes in the value of the U.S. dollar relative to these other currencies. In order to provide a comparable framework for assessing how our business performed excluding the effect of foreign currency fluctuations, management analyzes year-over-year revenue growth on a constant currency basis. Since we operate with the U.S. dollar as our functional currency, we calculate constant currency on revenue recognized during the current period that was originally booked in currencies other than the U.S. dollar by comparing the exchange rates used to recognize revenue in the current period against the exchange rates used to recognize revenue in the comparable prior period.

In 2012, the year-over-year growth in listing revenue measured on a constant currency basis was 22.5%, compared with 19.3% as reported. The year-over-year growth in total revenue in 2012 measured on a constant currency basis was 24.6%, compared with 21.8% as reported.

Cost of Revenue

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2012     2011     Change  
     Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percent  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Cost of revenue

   $ 45,342         16.2   $ 34,456         15.0   $ 10,886         31.6
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Cost of revenue was $45.3 million in 2012, compared to $34.5 million in 2011, an increase of $10.9 million, or 31.6%. A large part of the increase was due to a $6.5 million increase in salaries, benefits, bonuses and related expenses, including non-cash stock-based compensation, for our customer service and web-hosting personnel. During 2012, we added 107 new customer support and web-hosting personnel and incurred a full year impact of adding 14 new employees in 2011 in customer support and web-hosting personnel. With increased customer service employees as well as increased investment in hosting equipment, we incurred a higher expense for depreciation of computer equipment, furniture and facility leasehold improvements, which increased $1.3 million, or 23.7%, during 2012. Merchant fees are generally incurred as a percentage of credit card receipts and increased by $713,000 in 2012 compared to 2011. Direct expenses associated with web hosting increased by $460,000 as we added more computing capacity for increased growth in visits to our websites. Other increases included $1.6 million in increases in software licenses and maintenance for our corporate systems.

Product Development

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2012     2011     Change  
     Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percent  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Product development

   $ 43,152         15.4   $ 32,744         14.2   $ 10,408         31.8

Capitalized software development costs

     5,878         2.1        4,737         2.1        1,141         24.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total product and technology costs expensed and capitalized

   $ 49,030         17.5   $ 37,481         16.3   $ 11,549         30.8
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Product development expense was $43.2 million for 2012, compared to $32.7 million for 2011, an increase of $10.4 million, or 31.8%. A large part of the increase was due to an $8.0 million increase in salaries, benefits, bonuses and related expenses, including non-cash stock-based compensation, offset by an increase in capitalized software costs of $1.1 million. During 2012, we added 77 new employees in product development and incurred a full year impact of adding 43 new employees in 2011 in product development. Overall increases in headcount also drove higher facilities and depreciation expense of $743,000 in 2012. Contracting expense increased $2.2 million in 2012 compared to 2011 due to increased use of outsourced technology resources.

Sales and Marketing

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2012     2011     Change  
     Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percent  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Sales and marketing

   $ 93,366         33.3   $ 81,532         35.4   $ 11,834         14.5
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Sales and marketing expense was $93.4 million for 2012, compared to $81.5 million for 2011, an increase of $11.8 million, or 14.5%. Salaries, benefits, bonuses and related expenses, including non-cash stock-based compensation, increased $6.0 million due primarily to an increase in the number of our employees. During 2012, we added 80 new employees in sales and marketing and incurred a full year impact of adding 95 new employees in 2011. Overall increases in headcount also drove higher facilities and depreciation expense of $749,000. Direct marketing expenses increased by $3.7 million due to higher expenses associated with pay-per-click advertising and online advertising through our network of website partners to support the growth of the overall business. Other increases included $1.1 million in increases in software licenses and maintenance for our corporate systems.

 

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General and Administrative

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2012     2011     Change  
     Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percent  
     (dollars in thousands)  

General and administrative

   $ 56,311         20.1   $ 47,268         20.5   $ 9,043         19.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

General and administrative expense was $56.3 million for 2012, compared to $47.3 million for 2011, an increase of $9.0 million, or 19.1%. A large part of the increase was due to a $6.3 million increase in salaries, benefits, bonuses and related expenses, including non-cash stock-based compensation. During 2012, we added 29 new employees and executives in operations, finance, human resources, and legal and incurred a full year impact of adding two new employees in 2011 in general and administrative functions, after the redeployment of 27 employees into sales and marketing operations. In 2012, software license and maintenance expense for our corporate systems decreased by $883,000. Other increases included $488,000 of expense related to the Basic Rental Guarantee offered to travelers and $1.2 million in various non-income based taxes.

Amortization

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2012     2011     Change  
     Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percent  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Amortization expense

   $ 12,438         4.4   $ 11,542         5.0   $ 896         7.8
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Amortization expense was $12.4 million for 2012, compared to $11.5 million for 2011, an increase of $896,000, or 7.8%. Amortization expense increased in 2012 compared to 2011 due to the addition of identifiable intangible assets from our two acquisitions in 2011 and our one acquisition in 2012. Also contributing to the increase are foreign exchange rate fluctuations on our intangible assets held in local currencies in France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Australia and Brazil, as well as an increase in amortization of $1.7 million as a result of amortizing certain previously indefinite-lived intangible assets. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in our amortization expense resulting from the expiration of identifiable intangible assets from prior acquisitions of $2.2 million.

Other Expense

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2012     2011     Change  
     Amount     Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount     Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount      Percent  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Other expense

   $ (1,659     (0.6 )%    $ (4,010     (1.7 )%    $ 2,351         (58.6 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other expense includes approximately $2.6 million in losses from foreign currency related transactions in 2012, compared to losses of $4.6 million the previous year. These losses consist primarily of the re-measurement of intercompany loans and other assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies, including gains/losses recognized on forward contracts. The decrease in the amount of losses in 2012 was primarily due to the effectiveness of the forward contracts we entered into with the intention to offset foreign currency impact on certain of our intercompany loans. These losses were partially offset by interest income of $928,000 in 2012, compared to $374,000 in 2011.

 

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Income Taxes

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2012     2011     Change  
     Amount     Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount     Percentage
of Revenue
    Amount     Percent  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Income tax expense

   $ (13,175     (4.7 )%    $ (12,493     (5.4 )%    $ (682     5.5
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The change in income tax expense from $12.5 million in 2011 to $13.2 million in 2012 is primarily related to the increase in pre-tax earnings, an increase in tax reserves, with some offset by a reduction in the foreign rate differential due to increased earnings in lower tax jurisdictions, as well as increased tax deductions related to stock-based compensation.

Tax expense in 2012 contains $2.3 million in reserves, which includes $1.8 million associated with our global restructuring plan.

Seasonality and Quarterly Results

Our operating results may fluctuate for a variety of reasons, including seasonal factors and economic cycles that influence the vacation travel market. Property owners and managers tend to buy subscription listings at times when travelers are most likely to make vacation plans. The timing primarily depends on whether travelers are taking a winter or summer vacation and tends to vary by country. Historically, we have experienced the highest level of new and renewed subscription listings in the first quarter of the year, which is typically when travelers are making plans for summer vacations in the United States and Europe. The lowest level of new subscription listings and renewals has occurred in the third quarter. By the fourth quarter, we typically see property owners and managers of winter vacation destinations list and renew subscriptions in time to meet the needs of travelers planning those trips. Other vacation areas outside of the United States and Europe, such as Brazil and Australia, also have seasonality, but the seasonality may not be reflected in the same quarters. This cyclicality may not be seen as prominently in our revenue due to the ratable recognition of subscription listing revenue. However, the seasonality results in higher cash flows during the first quarter as most listings are annual and fully paid subscription listings at the time the listing is purchased.

As we introduce new products for property owners, managers and travelers, including our recently introduced pay-per-booking product, the seasonality of those transactions may vary from the seasonality of our subscription listing sales. We also experience seasonality in the number of visitors to our websites, with the first quarter having the highest number of visitors. This is reflected in our quarterly financial results when we add customer service staff and hosting capabilities to support the increase.

Our operating results may fluctuate due to a variety of factors, many of which are outside of our control. As a result, comparing our operating results on a period-to-period basis may not be meaningful and historical results may not be indicative of future performance.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

From our incorporation in 2004 until December 31, 2013, we financed our operations and acquisitions primarily through private placements of our capital stock and bank borrowings, which have been fully repaid, our initial public offering in July 2011, which generated net proceeds of approximately $146.2 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and other expenses incurred for the sale of our common stock, our follow-on offering of our common stock in December 2013, which generated net proceeds of approximately $195.3 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and other expenses incurred for the sale of our common stock, and from cash flows from operations. As of December 31, 2013, our cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments

 

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totaled $391.4 million, compared to $269.8 million at December 31, 2012. At December 31, 2013, this amount included assets held in certain of our foreign operations totaling approximately $88.8 million. If these assets were distributed to the U.S., we may be subject to additional U.S. taxes in certain circumstances (subject to an adjustment for foreign tax credits) and foreign withholding taxes. We have not provided for these taxes because we consider these assets to be permanently reinvested in our foreign operations. We have no plans or intentions to repatriate cumulative earnings of our foreign subsidiaries through December 31, 2013. We actively monitor the third-party depository institutions and money market funds that hold these assets, primarily focusing on the safety of principal and secondarily maximizing yield on these assets. We diversify our cash and cash equivalents and investments among various financial institutions and money market funds in order to reduce our exposure should any one of these financial institutions or money market funds fail or encounter difficulties. To date, we have not experienced any material loss or lack of access to our invested cash, cash equivalents or short-term investments; however, we can provide no assurances that access to our invested cash, cash equivalents or short-term investments will not be impacted by adverse conditions in the financial markets. We have funds in our operating accounts that are deposited with third party financial institutions. These balances in the U.S. may exceed the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insurance limits. While we monitor the cash balances in our operating accounts, these cash balances could be adversely impacted if the underlying financial institutions fail and could be subject to other adverse conditions in the financial markets.

The following table summarizes our cash flows for the periods indicated:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     2011  
     (in thousands)  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flow Data:

      

Net cash provided by operating activities

   $ 104,362      $ 95,403      $ 76,972   

Net cash used in investing activities

     (223,372     (57,975     (73,502

Net cash provided by financing activities

     252,047        33,000        51,630   

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

     2,093        842        (2,589

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

     135,130        71,270        52,511   

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     189,478        118,208        65,697   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 324,608      $ 189,478      $ 118,208   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities

Net cash provided by operating activities was $104.4 million, $95.4 million and $77.0 million in the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

A key driver of our cash from operations is the upfront collection of fees for new and renewed subscriptions. In 2013, cash was generated primarily through an increase in new and renewed subscription listings, resulting in higher upfront collection of listing fees and increased deferred revenue of $21.2 million. In 2013, we generated net income of $17.3 million. Included in our net income was depreciation expense of $13.4 million, amortization expense of $11.7 million, non-cash stock-based compensation expense of $37.9 million, excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation of $8.2 million and a decrease in non-cash deferred income taxes of $1.5 million. Net income, excluding these non-cash reductions, contributed $70.6 million to cash provided by operating activities during 2013.

In 2012, cash was generated primarily through an increase in new and renewed listing subscriptions, resulting in higher upfront collection of listing fees and increased deferred revenue of $22.4 million. In 2012, we generated net income of $15.0 million. Included in our net income was depreciation expense of $11.1 million, amortization expense of $12.4 million, non-cash stock-based compensation expense of $27.0 million, excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation of $7.1 million and a decrease in non-cash deferred income taxes of $3.1 million. Net income, excluding these non-cash reductions, contributed $55.2 million to cash provided by operating activities during 2012.

 

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In 2011, cash was generated primarily through an increase in new and renewed listing subscriptions, resulting in higher upfront collection of listing fees and increased deferred revenue of $16.4 million. In 2011, we generated net income of $6.2 million. Included in our net income was depreciation expense of $8.4 million, amortization expense of $11.5 million, non-cash stock-based compensation expense of $23.9 million, and an increase in non-cash deferred income taxes of $8.6 million. Net income, excluding these non-cash reductions, contributed $58.7 million to cash provided by operating activities during 2011.

The growth in our number of paid listings, the impact of other revenue and expenses, the timing and amount of future working capital changes and tax payments will affect the future amount of cash used in or provided by operating activities.

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities was $223.4 million, $58.0 million and $73.5 million in the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Our investing activities reflect the acquisitions we have made, as well as capital expenditures and changes in our short-term investments.

In 2013, we invested $205.5 million, net of cash acquired, for the acquisitions of travelmob, Bookabach and Stayz. Capital expenditures were $19.6 million and included $9.0 million in capitalized software development costs. The remaining amount of capital expenditures was comprised of computer equipment and software, furniture and tenant improvements for facilities. We purchased $129.8 million of short-term investments and received proceeds from the sales and maturities of marketable securities during the year of $139.2 million.

In 2012, we invested $16.2 million, net of cash acquired, for the acquisition of Toprural. Capital expenditures were $17.3 million and included $5.9 million in capitalized software development costs. The remaining amount of capital expenditures was comprised of computer equipment and software, furniture and tenant improvements for facilities. We purchased $57.1 million of short-term investments and received proceeds from the sale of short-term investments during the year of $40.4 million. We also purchased a minority stake in a privately-held company in China for $6.4 million.

In 2011, we invested $4.7 million, net of cash acquired, for the acquisitions of realholidays.com.au and Second Porch Inc. Capital expenditures were $13.0 million and included $4.7 million in capitalized software development costs. The remaining amount of capital expenditures was comprised of computer equipment and software, furniture and tenant improvements for facilities. We purchased $66.2 million of short-term investments and received proceeds from the sale of short-term investments during the year of $11.7 million.

As our business expands, we expect to invest in new computers and software for employees, for product development and to support the hosting of our websites. As we expand our facilities, we intend to purchase furniture and fixtures and invest in leasehold improvements. We may have acquisitions in the future that could have a material impact on our cash flows and operations. Our planned capital expenditures are not expected to exceed $40.0 million in 2014.

Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities

Net cash provided by financing activities was $252.0 million, $33.0 million and $51.6 million in the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

Cash provided by financing activities in 2013 was mainly comprised of $195.3 million of cash received from our follow-on offering of our common stock in December 2013, net of underwriting discounts and offering costs. Additionally, $48.5 million of cash was received from the exercise of employee stock options. Furthermore, excess tax benefit from the exercise of employee stock options was $8.2 million.

 

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Cash provided by financing activities in 2012 was comprised of $25.9 million of cash received from the exercise of employee stock options. Additionally, excess tax benefit from the exercise of employee stock options was $7.1 million.

Cash provided by financing activities in 2011 was comprised of $146.2 million of proceeds we received from the sale of shares of our common stock by us in our initial public offering, net of underwriting discount and offering expenses. We did not receive any proceeds from the sale of shares by the selling stockholders in our initial public offering. With the proceeds of the offering, we redeemed our outstanding shares of Series A and B preferred stock, for $55.8 million and $9.2 million, respectively, as well as paid in full all accrued but unpaid dividends on our outstanding shares of Series C preferred stock, which totaled $32.9 million. Additionally, cash received from the exercise of employee stock options in 2011 was $4.0 million.

Capital Resources

Based on past performance and current expectations, we believe that our existing cash, cash equivalents, short-term investments and cash generated from operations, both globally and in the U.S., will be sufficient to satisfy our currently anticipated cash requirements through at least the next 12 months.

Our future capital requirements will depend on many factors, including our rate of revenue growth, the expansion of our marketing and sales activities, the timing and extent of spending to support product development efforts, the timing of introductions of new products and services and enhancements to existing products and services, potential acquisitions and the continuing market acceptance of our products and services. We may need to raise additional capital through future debt or equity financing to the extent necessary to fund such activities. Additional financing may not be available at all or on terms favorable to us. We may enter into arrangements in the future with respect to investments in, or acquisitions of, complementary businesses, products, services or technologies, which could also require us to seek additional equity or debt financing.

Contractual Obligations and Commitments

The majority of our property owners and managers pay for their listings by credit card because it simplifies and expedites the payment process and is a relatively secure form of payment. We have multiple agreements with credit card companies to support these activities. Most of our property owners and managers purchase an annual listing, for which payment is made at the beginning of the listing. There is a risk that we may fail to fully perform our obligations under the listing, which could result in an obligation of the credit card companies to reimburse their customers for a portion or all of the listing fee. We would be obligated to reimburse the credit card companies for all such amounts they pay pursuant to our agreements with them, under which we have obtained our credit card acceptance privileges.

As of December 31, 2013, we have 1,600,000 Australian dollars in restricted cash in conjunction with a property business license held in Australia related to payments received on behalf of property owners, 135,000 Euros held in restricted cash to protect the bank from default on credit cards used in our operations, 200,000 Swiss francs in restricted cash to support a bank guarantee related to our new European headquarters lease in Geneva, Switzerland and 120,000 Euros held in restricted cash as collateral related to a direct debit agreement in Germany. As we enter into new leases and as we make changes to our credit card merchants and acquiring banks, we may have increases to restricted cash and deposits.

 

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We lease our facilities and certain office equipment under noncancellable operating leases. Future minimum lease payments under these operating leases at December 31, 2013 are as follows (in thousands):

 

2014

   $ 7,864   

2015

     7,518   

2016

     7,801   

2017

     7,362   

2018

     6,769   

Thereafter

     27,685   
  

 

 

 

Total minimum lease payments

   $ 64,999   
  

 

 

 

As of December 31, 2013, we have reserved $7.8 million for uncertain tax positions, including interest and penalties. We are unable to make a reasonably reliable estimate as to when or if cash settlement with taxing authorities will occur. For additional information regarding uncertain tax positions, see Note 12 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

During the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, we did not, and we do not currently, have any relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow or limited purposes that have, or are reasonably likely to have, a current or future material effect on our consolidated financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

See Note 2 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, for a full description of recent accounting pronouncements which is incorporated herein by reference.

 

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Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Foreign currency exchange risk. We have subsidiaries in the Australia, Brazil, Colombia, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Singapore, Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Our subsidiaries generally use the local currency as their functional currency, which we translate into U.S. dollars for consolidation.

Our results of operations and cash flows are subject to fluctuations due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates involving the Argentine Peso, the Australian dollar, the Brazilian Reais, the British pound, the Colombian Peso, the Euro, the New Zealand dollar, the Singapore dollar, the Swiss Franc, and the Thai Baht. We currently may enter into forward contracts to hedge fluctuations in the value of certain intercompany debt denominated in foreign currencies but do not enter into any other derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. Fluctuations in currency exchange rates could harm our business in the future. Because we conduct a significant and growing portion of our business outside the United States but report our results in U.S. dollars, we face exposure to adverse movements in currency exchange rates, which may cause our revenue and operating results to differ materially from expectations. In addition, the results of operations of many of our internationally focused websites are exposed to foreign exchange rate fluctuations as the financial results of the applicable subsidiaries are translated from the local currency into U.S. dollars upon consolidation. A decline in the U.S. dollar relative to foreign currencies would increase our non-U.S. revenue and improve our operating results. Conversely, if the U.S. dollar strengthens relative to foreign currencies, our revenue and operating results would be adversely affected. The effect of an immediate 10% adverse change in exchange rates on foreign denominated cash and receivables as of December 31, 2013, would result in a loss of approximately $1.3 million and a reduction in value on the balance sheet of approximately $9.9 million.

Investments and Interest Rate Sensitivity. The primary objective of our investment activities is to preserve principal while at the same time maximizing yields without significantly increasing risk. To achieve this objective, we invest in short-term, high-quality, interest-bearing securities. To minimize our exposure to an adverse shift in interest rates, we invest in short-term securities and maintain an average maturity of one year or less.

We have a non-controlling equity investment in a privately-held company in China. Since our ownership interest is less than 20 percent and we do not have the ability to exert significant influence, we account for this non-marketable equity investment using the cost method of accounting. As of December 31, 2013, the carrying value of this investment was $10.1 million.

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference to the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes set forth on pages F-1 through F-35 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

None.

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

The Company maintains a set of disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act) designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s

 

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management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In accordance with Rule 13a-15(b) of the Exchange Act, as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K, an evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of its disclosure controls and procedures. Based on that evaluation, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures, as of December 31, 2013, the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K, were effective to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act). Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed by, or under the supervision of, the issuer’s principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, and effected by the issuer’s board of directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of our financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that our degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Our management conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K based on the framework in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (1992) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organization of the Treadway Commission. Based on this evaluation, management concluded that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2013.

Our independent registered public accounting firm, which has audited our consolidated financial statements, has also audited the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013, as stated in their report, which is included in Item 15(a)(1) of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Stayz Pty Limited, which was acquired in Australia on December 6, 2013, was excluded from the scope of our management’s assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013. This business constituted 0.6% of our total revenues for 2013 and 1.0% of our total assets as of December 31, 2013.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended December 31, 2013 that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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Limitations on Controls

Our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting are designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives as specified above. Management does not expect, however, that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal control over financial reporting will prevent or detect all error and fraud. Any control system, no matter how well designed and operated, is based upon certain assumptions and can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that its objectives will be met. Further, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that misstatements due to error or fraud will not occur or that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within the Company have been detected.

Item 9B. Other Information.

None.

 

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PART III

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

Our executive officers and directors and their ages and positions as of December 31, 2013 are as follows:

 

Name

   Age   

Position

Brian H. Sharples    53    Co-Founder, Chief Executive Officer, President and Director
Lynn Atchison    54    Chief Financial Officer and Secretary
Brent Bellm    42    Chief Operating Officer
Ross A. Buhrdorf    49    Chief Technology Officer
Thomas Hale    45    Chief Product Officer
Carl G. Shepherd    61    Co-Founder, Chief Strategy and Development Officer and Director
Charles (“Lanny”) Baker(2)    47    Director
Simon Breakwell(2)    48    Director
Jeffrey D. Brody(1)    53    Director
Kevin Krone    45    Director
Christopher (“Woody”) Marshall(1)(3)    45    Director
Tina Sharkey(1)    49    Director
Robert Solomon(2)(3)    47    Director

 

  (1) Member of our Compensation Committee
  (2) Member of our Audit Committee
  (3) Member of our Nominating and Governance Committee

Brian H. Sharples is one of our Co-Founders, has served as our President and Chief Executive Officer since our inception in April 2004 and has served as Chairman of the Board since March 2011. Prior to joining us, Mr. Sharples was an angel investor from 2001 to 2004 and also served as Chief Executive Officer of Elysium Partners, Inc., a company in the vacation club ownership market, from 2002 to 2003. Mr. Sharples served as President and Chief Executive Officer of IntelliQuest Information Group, Inc., a supplier of marketing data and research to Fortune 500 technology companies, from 1996 to 2001, as President from 1991 to 1996, and as Senior Vice President from 1989 to 1991. Prior to IntelliQuest, Mr. Sharples was Chief Executive Officer of Practical Productions, Inc., an event-based automotive distribution business, from 1988 to 1989 and a consultant with Bain & Company from 1986 to 1988. Mr. Sharples also serves on the board of directors of RetailMeNot, Inc. Mr. Sharples holds a B.S. in math and economics from Colby College and an M.B.A. from the Stanford University Graduate School of Business.

Lynn Atchison has served as our Chief Financial Officer since August 2006. Prior to joining us, Ms. Atchison was Chief Financial Officer of Infoglide Software Corporation, an enterprise software provider, from February 2004 to August 2006. From October 2003 to January 2004, Ms. Atchison worked as a business consultant for Range Online Media, an Internet marketing firm. From May 1996 to April 2003, Ms. Atchison served as Chief Financial Officer and Vice President of Finance and Administration of Hoover’s, Inc., a provider of online business information. From November 1994 to April 1996, Ms. Atchison served as Chief Financial Officer of Travelogix, Inc., a provider of travel ticketing systems software. From May 1990 to November 1994, Ms. Atchison worked as a consultant providing controller functions for software, technology and non-profit organizations, including Trilogy Development, a provider of sales automation software, and Austin American Technology. Prior to that, Ms. Atchison worked for eight years as an accountant with Ernst & Young LLP. Ms. Atchison serves on the board of directors of Speed Commerce, Inc. Ms. Atchison holds a B.B.A. in accounting from Stephen F. Austin State University.

Brent Bellm has served as our Chief Operating Officer since June 2010. From October 2009 to June 2010, Mr. Bellm served as Vice President of Global Product and Experience of PayPal, Inc., an online payment services provider and subsidiary of eBay Inc., and as Chief Executive Officer of PayPal (Europe) Ltd. from October 2005 to September 2009. Before joining PayPal, Mr. Bellm served as Director of Corporate Strategy of

 

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eBay from April 2001 to December 2002. Previously, Mr. Bellm held positions at McKinsey & Company, focusing on the retail, e-commerce and payment industries, and at Goldman, Sachs & Co. Mr. Bellm holds a B.A. in economics and international relations from Stanford University and an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School.

Ross A. Buhrdorf has served as our Chief Technology Officer since July 2005. Prior to joining us, Mr. Buhrdorf served as Vice President of Engineering of BetweenMarkets, Inc., a platform for ensuring business-to-business information quality, from June 2004 to June 2005. From 2000 to 2004, Mr. Buhrdorf served as Vice President of Engineering of Salion, Inc., an enterprise CRM solution for supply-side manufacturing, and from 1997 to 2000 he served as Vice President of Engineering of Excite.com, a search engine company. Since 1993, Mr. Buhrdorf also has owned and consulted with a variety of software companies. Mr. Buhrdorf serves on the Board of Trustees for the Santa Fe Institute, a theoretical research institute, and the board of directors for NUVE, a startup focused on the Internet of everything. Mr. Buhrdorf holds a B.S. in computer science from the University of Texas at Austin.

Thomas Hale has served as our Chief Product Officer since June 2010. Prior to joining us, Mr. Hale served as Chief Product officer of Linden Research, Inc., an online game and virtual community provider, from October 2008 to May 2010. From December 2007 to October 2008, Mr. Hale served as an Entrepreneur in Residence at Redpoint Ventures, a venture capital firm. From September 1995 to October 2007, Mr. Hale held various positions, including Senior Vice President of the Knowledge Worker Business Unit at Adobe Systems Incorporated and Macromedia, Inc. Mr. Hale has served on the board of directors of IntraLinks, Inc., a provider of Software-as-a-Service solutions, since May 2008. Mr. Hale holds a B.A. in history and literature from Harvard University.

Carl G. Shepherd is one of our Co-Founders and has served as our Chief Strategy and Development Officer since February 2005. Prior to joining us, Mr. Shepherd worked as a consultant from March 2003 to February 2005. Mr. Shepherd served as Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of Hoover’s, Inc., a provider of online business information, from June 1997 to March 2003. From August 1995 to June 1997, Mr. Shepherd served as Vice President of Business Development of Human Code Inc., a software development company. From December 1992 to March 1995, Mr. Shepherd served as Chief Financial Officer of Hanley Wood, LLC, a trade magazine publisher. Mr. Shepherd has held positions with both consumer and trade magazine publishers, including Texas Monthly, Building and Remodeling and the Dallas Morning News. Previously, Mr. Shepherd was a senior manager with Andersen Consulting in New York. Mr. Shepherd holds a B.A. in business administration from Texas Christian University and an M.B.A. from the University of Texas at Austin.

Charles (“Lanny”) C. Baker has served as a director since April 2011. Mr. Baker has served as the Chief Executive Officer and President of ZipRealty, Inc., a residential real estate brokerage firm and provider of technology systems to real estate agents and brokerages, since October 2010. From December 2008 to October 2010, Mr. Baker served as the Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of ZipRealty, Inc. From March 2005 to June 2007, Mr. Baker served as Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Monster Worldwide, Inc., an online recruitment services company. From June 1993 to March 2005, Mr. Baker served in positions of increasing responsibility in the Equity Research department at Smith Barney, a division of Citigroup, Inc., serving as Managing Director from January 2000 to March 2005. Mr. Baker serves on the board of directors of ZipRealty, Inc. and XO Group, Inc., a life stages media company targeting couples planning their weddings and lives together. Mr. Baker holds a B.A. in history from Yale College.

Simon Breakwell has served as a director since August 2012. Since January 2014, Mr. Breakwell has served as a Venture Partner with Technology Crossover Ventures. From 2000 to April 2006, Mr. Breakwell served as the President, Founder and a director of Expedia International, Inc., a subsidiary of Expedia, Inc. Prior to becoming the President of Expedia International, Inc., Mr. Breakwell spent seven years in senior business roles in Expedia, Inc., the Travel Group (acquired by Expedia, Inc.) and British Airways. Mr. Breakwell holds an M.B.A. from Lancaster University and a B.A. from Portsmouth Polytechnic.

 

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Jeffrey D. Brody has served as a director since January 2005. Mr. Brody is a founding partner of Redpoint Ventures. He also serves as a managing member of Brentwood Venture Capital. Mr. Brody serves on the board of directors of several private companies including 55Social, Kodiak Networks, Tantalus, The Receivables Exchange, Viajanet and Xango. Mr. Brody was an early investor and director of Danger (acquired by Microsoft), Fraud Sciences (acquired by eBay), LifeSize Communications (acquired by Logitech), Concur Technologies (CNQR), Loopnet (LOOP), Zing Systems (acquired by OpenWave), ViaVideo (acquired by Polycom) and WebTV (acquired by Microsoft). Mr. Brody holds a B.S. in mechanical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley and an M.B.A. from the Stanford University Graduate School of Business.

Kevin Krone has served as a director since April 2013. Since December 1992, Mr. Krone has held various roles at Southwest Airlines, and since February 2013, has served as Southwest’s Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer. Mr. Krone is responsible for Southwest’s marketing strategies covering all sales and promotions; special event marketing, multicultural activities, partnership relationships, all field sales offices, advertising, Southwest’s award-winning frequent flyer program called Rapid Rewards, online marketing, and distribution of Southwest’s products. Previously, Mr. Krone had responsibility for local marketing, business development, as well as leadership over the developmental efforts on Southwest’s website, southwest.com. Mr. Krone received a B.A. in finance and an M.B.A. from the University of Illinois.

Christopher (“Woody”) P. Marshall has served as a director since October 2008. Mr. Marshall is a General Partner at Technology Crossover Ventures, or TCV, a growth equity firm focused on information technology companies. Prior to joining TCV in 2008, Mr. Marshall spent 12 years as a Managing Partner at Trident Capital, a venture capital and private equity firm focused on the software, business services and Internet markets. Mr. Marshall also serves on the boards of directors of XRS Corporation, a provider of fleet operations solutions to the transportation industry. Mr. Marshall holds a B.A. from Hamilton College and an M.B.A. from the J. L. Kellogg Graduate School of Management at Northwestern University.

Tina Sharkey has served as a director since December 2012. From 2007 to 2012, Ms. Sharkey served as Chairman and Global President of BabyCenter LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Johnson and Johnson. Prior to that, Ms. Sharkey held various positions, including Senior Vice President, General Manager, of America Online Inc. (from 2003 to 2006). From 2004 to 2006, Ms. Sharkey served as Senior Vice President and General Manager of a portfolio of AOL properties, including AOL.com and AOL Instant Messenger. Ms. Sharkey serves as a director for ad:tech (from 2009), and served as a director for Baby Buggy, Inc. (from 2002 to 2009) and the Interactive Advertising Bureau (from 2007 to 2012). Ms. Sharkey holds a B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania.

Robert Solomon has served as a director since January 2009. Mr. Solomon served as Chief Operating Officer and President of Groupon, Inc., a consumer discount website, from March 2010 through March 2011. Prior to joining Groupon, Mr. Solomon was a venture partner with Technology Crossover Ventures, or TCV, a private equity and venture capital firm focused on information technology companies. From January 2006 to February 2008, Mr. Solomon served as President and Chief Executive Officer of SideStep, Inc., an online travel search engine acquired by Kayak Software Corporation in December 2007. Prior to his time at SideStep, Mr. Solomon held various positions at Yahoo! Inc., an Internet content and services developer, including Senior Vice President of Commerce from February 2000 to January 2006 and Vice President and General Manager of Shopping Group from February 2000 to January 2006. Previously, Mr. Solomon worked for Zaplet, Inc., FireDrop, Inc., Cendant Corporation, Electronic Arts Inc. and GolfWeb, Inc. Mr. Solomon serves on the advisory board and board of directors of several private companies. Mr. Solomon holds a B.A. in history from the University of California at Berkeley.

Other information required by Part III, Item 10, will be included in the sections entitled “Proposal One: Election of Directors,” “Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance,” “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions” and “Corporate Governance” in our Proxy Statement relating to our 2014 annual meeting of stockholders to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of our fiscal year ended December 31, 2013, and is incorporated herein by reference.

 

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Item 11. Executive Compensation.

Information required by Part III, Item 11, will be included in the section entitled “Executive Compensation” in our Proxy Statement relating to our 2014 annual meeting of stockholders to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of our fiscal year ended December 31, 2013, and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

Information required by Part III, Item 12, will be included in the sections entitled “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management” and “Equity Compensation Plan Information” in our Proxy Statement relating to our 2014 annual meeting of stockholders to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of our fiscal year ended December 31, 2013, and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

Information required by Part III, Item 13, will be included in the sections entitled “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions” and “Corporate Governance” in our Proxy Statement relating to our 2014 annual meeting of stockholders to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of our fiscal year ended December 31, 2013, and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services.

Information required by Part III, Item 14, will be included in the section entitled “Proposal Two: Ratification of Selection of Independent Public Accounting Firm” in our Proxy Statement relating to our 2014 annual meeting of stockholders to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of our fiscal year ended December 31, 2013, and is incorporated herein by reference.

 

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PART IV

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.

 

  (a) Documents Filed with Report

 

  (1) Financial Statements.

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

     F-2   

Consolidated Balance Sheets

     F-3   

Consolidated Statements of Operations

     F-4   

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

     F-5   

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Redeemable Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)

     F-6   

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

     F-7   

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     F-8   

 

  (2) Financial Statement Schedules.

The following financial statement schedule should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements of HomeAway, Inc. filed as part of this Report:

 

Schedule II—Valuation and Qualifying Accounts

     F-40   

Schedules other than that listed above have been omitted since they are either not required or not applicable or because the information required is included in the consolidated financial statements included elsewhere herein or the notes thereto.

 

  (3) Exhibits.

The information required by this Item is set forth on the exhibit index that follows the signature page of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

Date: February 26, 2014

 

HOMEAWAY, INC.

/s/    Brian H. Sharples

        Brian H. Sharples
        President and Chief Executive Officer

POWER OF ATTORNEY

Each person whose individual signature appears below hereby authorizes and appoints Brian H. Sharples, Lynn Atchison and Melissa Frugé, and each of them, with full power of substitution and resubstitution and full power to act without the other, as his or her true and lawful attorney-in-fact and agent to act in his or her name, place and stead and to execute in the name and on behalf of each person, individually and in each capacity stated below, and to file any and all amendments to this Annual Report on Form 10-K, and to file the same, with all exhibits thereto, and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents, and each of them, full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing, ratifying and confirming all that said attorneys-in-fact and agents or any of them or their or his substitute or substitutes may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue thereof.

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Signature

  

Title

 

Date

/s/    Brian H. Sharples        

Brian H. Sharples

   Director, President and Chief Executive Officer (principal executive officer)   February 26, 2014

/s/    Lynn Atchison        

Lynn Atchison

  

Chief Financial Officer and Secretary

(principal financial officer and principal accounting officer)

  February 26, 2014

/s/    Charles C. Baker        

Charles C. Baker

   Director   February 26, 2014

/s/    Simon Breakwell        

Simon Breakwell

   Director   February 26, 2014

/s/    Jeffrey D. Brody        

Jeffrey D. Brody

   Director   February 26, 2014

/s/    Kevin Krone        

Kevin Krone

   Director   February 26, 2014

 

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/s/    Christopher P. Marshall        

Christopher P. Marshall

   Director   February 26, 2014

/s/    Tina Sharkey        

Tina Sharkey

   Director   February 26, 2014

/s/    Carl G. Shepherd        

Carl G. Shepherd

   Director, Co-Founder and Chief Strategy and Development Officer   February 26, 2014

/s/    Robert Solomon        

Robert Solomon

   Director   February 26, 2014

 

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INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

     Page  

Consolidated Financial Statements:

  

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

     F-2   

Consolidated Balance Sheets

     F-3   

Consolidated Statements of Operations

     F-4   

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

     F-5   

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Redeemable Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)

     F-6   

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

     F-7   

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     F-8   

Financial Statement Schedules:

  

II—Valuation and Qualifying Accounts

     F-40   

All other schedules are omitted because they are not applicable or the required information is shown in the Consolidated Financial Statements or Notes thereto.

  

Supplementary Financial Data:

  

Selected Quarterly Financial Data (unaudited) for the two years ended December 31, 2013

     F-41   

 

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of HomeAway, Inc.:

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements listed in the accompanying index present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of HomeAway, Inc. and its subsidiaries at December 31, 2013 and 2012, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2013 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In addition, in our opinion, the financial statement schedule listed in the accompanying index presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein when read in conjunction with the related consolidated financial statements. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (1992) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company’s management is responsible for these financial statements and financial statement schedule, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A. Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements, on the financial statement schedule, and on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audits (which were integrated audits in 2013 and 2012). We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

As described in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting, management has excluded Stayz Pty Limited from its assessment of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013 because it was acquired by the Company in a purchase business combination during December 2013. We have also excluded Stayz Pty Limited from our audit of internal control over financial reporting. Stayz Pty Limited is a wholly-owned subsidiary whose total revenues and total assets represent 0.6% and 1.0%, respectively, of the related consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended December 31, 2013.

/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

Austin, Texas

February 26, 2014

 

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HomeAway, Inc.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

(in thousands except share and per share amounts)    December 31,  
     2013     2012  

Assets

    

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 324,608      $ 189,478   

Short-term investments

     66,798        80,330   

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $1,038 and $633 as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively

     20,375        16,343   

Income tax receivable

     3,340        775   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     7,702        7,312   

Restricted cash

     1,607        284   

Deferred tax assets

     8,146        5,425   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     432,576        299,947   

Property and equipment, net

     39,807        32,901   

Goodwill

     507,611        312,412   

Intangible assets, net

     80,665        59,727   

Restricted cash

     573        230   

Deferred tax assets

     1,120        1,807   

Other non-current assets

     18,320        15,651   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,080,672      $ 722,675   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities, redeemable preferred stock and stockholders’ equity

    

Current liabilities:

    

Accounts payable

   $ 3,539      $ 6,613   

Income tax payable

     1,992        11,137   

Accrued expenses

     54,625        33,856   

Deferred revenue

     151,991        126,351   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     212,147        177,957   

Deferred revenue, less current portion

     2,983        2,879   

Deferred tax liabilities

     24,046        17,615   

Other non-current liabilities

     7,557        7,191   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     246,733        205,642   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Redeemable noncontrolling interests (see Note 10)

     10,584        —    

Stockholders’ equity

    

Common stock: $0.0001 par value; 350,000,000 shares authorized; 92,361,069 and 83,441,153 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2013 and 2012

     9        8   

Additional paid-in capital

     908,632        618,700   

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (6,747     (5,450

Accumulated deficit

     (78,539     (96,225
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     823,355        517,033   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 1,080,672      $ 722,675   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

HomeAway, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Operations

 

(in thousands except per share amounts)    Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012     2011  

Revenue:

      

Listing

   $ 294,661      $ 238,413      $ 199,457   

Other

     51,828        41,991        30,766   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenue

     346,489        280,404        230,223   

Costs and expenses:

      

Cost of revenue (exclusive of amortization shown separately below)

     54,638        45,342        34,456   

Product development

     58,226        43,152        32,744   

Sales and marketing

     112,967        93,366        81,532   

General and administrative

     75,169        56,311        47,268   

Amortization expense

     11,668        12,438        11,542   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total costs and expenses

     312,668        250,609        207,542   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     33,821        29,795        22,681   

Other income (expense):

      

Interest income

     1,211        928        374   

Other expense

     (6,017     (2,587     (4,384
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other income (expense)

     (4,806     (1,659     (4,010
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     29,015        28,136        18,671   

Income tax expense

     (11,724     (13,175     (12,493
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

     17,291        14,961        6,178   

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (395     —         —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to HomeAway, Inc.

     17,686        14,961        6,178   

Cumulative preferred stock dividends and discount accretion

     —         —         (24,678
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders

   $ 17,686      $ 14,961      $ (18,500
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders:

      

Basic

   $ 0.21      $ 0.18      $ (0.31

Diluted

   $ 0.20      $ 0.18      $ (0.31
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares outstanding:

      

Basic

     85,378        82,382        59,549   

Diluted

     88,259        84,942        59,549   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

HomeAway, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

 

(in thousands)    Year Ended December 31,  
     2013     2012      2011  

Net income

   $ 17,291      $ 14,961       $ 6,178   

Other comprehensive income (loss):

       

Foreign currency translation adjustments (net of $0 tax)

     (1,198     767         (2,410

Unrealized gain (loss) on short-term investments (net of $0 tax)

     (99     263         (338
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

     (1,297     1,030         (2,748

Less: Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (395     —          —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Comprehensive income attributable to HomeAway, Inc.

   $ 16,389      $ 15,991       $ 3,430   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

HomeAway, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Redeemable Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)

 

(in thousands)   Redeemable Preferred Stock     Common
Stock
    Additional
Paid-In
Capital
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
    Accum-
ulated
Deficit
    Total
Stock-
holders’
Equity
(Deficit)
 
    Series A
Redeemable
    Series B
Redeemable
    Series C
Convertible
Redeemable
    Series D
Convertible
Redeemable
           
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount          

Balance at December 31, 2010

    26,390