10-Q 1 app0630201110q.htm FORM 10-Q APP 06.30.2011 10Q
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 
FORM 10-Q
 
 
x    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2011
OR
o    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission File No. 001-32697  
 
American Apparel, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
 

Delaware
20-3200601
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
747 Warehouse Street, Los Angeles, California
90021
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(Zip Code)
Registrant's Telephone Number, Including area code: (213) 488-0226
 
 
Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes x    No   o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer” and “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
o
Accelerated filer
x
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
o (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  o    No  x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.


Common stock, $0.0001 par value 108,486,961 shares issued (5,164,798 subject to vesting) on August 8, 2011.


AMERICAN APPAREL, INC.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.
 
 

 

2


Unless the context requires otherwise, all references in this report to the “Company,” “Registrant”, “we,” “our,” and “us” refer to American Apparel, Inc., a Delaware corporation, together with its wholly owned subsidiary, American Apparel (USA), LLC, and its other direct and indirect subsidiaries.
SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including the documents incorporated by reference herein, contains forward-looking statements within the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q other than statements of historical fact are “forward-looking statements” for purposes of these provisions. Statements that include the use of terminology such as “may,” “will,” “expects,” “believes,” “plans,” “estimates,” “potential,” or “continue,” or the negative thereof or other and similar expressions are forward-looking statements. In addition, in some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by words or phrases such as “trend,” “potential,” “opportunity,” “believe,” “comfortable,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “current,” “intention,” “estimate,” “position,” “assume,” “outlook,” “continue,” “remain,” “maintain,” “sustain,” “seek,” “achieve,” and similar expressions.
Any statements that refer to projections of our future financial performance, our anticipated growth and trends in our business, our goals, strategies, focuses and plans and other characterizations of future events or circumstances, including statements expressing general expectations or beliefs, whether positive or negative about future operating results or the development of our products and any statement of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements in this report may include, without limitation, statements about:
future financial condition and operating results;
our ability to remain in compliance with financial covenants under our financing arrangements;
our ability to extend, renew or refinance our existing debt;
our liquidity and losses from operations and projected cash flows and related impact on our ability to continue as a going concern;
our plan to make continued investments in advertising and marketing; 
our growth, expansion and acquisition prospects and strategies, the success of such strategies, and the benefits we believe can be derived from such strategies; 
the outcome of investigations, enforcement actions and litigation matters, including exposure which could exceed expectations;
our intellectual property rights and those of others, including actual or potential competitors; 
our personnel, consultants, and collaborators; 
operations outside the United States; 
trends in raw material costs and other costs both in the industry and specific to the Company;
the supply of raw materials and the effects of supply shortages on our financial condition and results of operations;
economic and political conditions; 
overall industry and market performance; 
the impact of accounting pronouncements; 
our ability to improve manufacturing efficiency at our production facilities;
management’s goals and plans for future operations; and 
other assumptions described in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q underlying or relating to any forward-looking statements.

The forward-looking statements in this report speak only as of the date of this report and caution should be taken not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements, which are qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. Forward-looking statements are subject to numerous assumptions, events, risks, uncertainties and other factors, including those that may be outside of our control and that change over time. As a result, actual results and/or the timing of events could differ materially from those expressed in or implied by the forward-looking statements and future results could differ materially from

3


historical performance. Such assumptions, events, risks, uncertainties and other factors include, among others, those described under Part II, Item IA and elsewhere in this report and in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010 (filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 31, 2011) as well as in other reports and documents we file with the SEC and include, without limitation, the following:

our ability to generate or obtain from external sources sufficient liquidity for operations and debt service;
changes in the level of consumer spending or preferences or demand for our products;
disruptions in the global financial markets;
consequences of our significant indebtedness, including our ability to comply with our debt agreements and generate cash flow to service our debt;
our ability to regain compliance with the exchange rules of the NYSE Amex, LLC;
the highly competitive and evolving nature of our business in the U.S. and internationally;
our ability to effectively carry out and manage our strategy, including growth and expansion both in the U.S. and internationally;
loss of U.S. import protections or changes in duties, tariffs and quotas and other risks associated with international business;
intensity of competition, both domestic and foreign;
technological changes in manufacturing, wholesaling, and retailing;
risks that our suppliers may not timely produce or deliver our products;
loss or reduction in sales to our wholesale or retail customers or financial nonperformance by our wholesale customers;
the adoption of new accounting pronouncements or changes in interpretations of accounting principles;
our ability to pass on the added cost of raw materials to our wholesale and retail customers;
the availability of store locations at appropriate terms and our ability to identify and negotiate new store locations effectively and to open new stores and expand internationally;
our ability to attract customers to our stores;
disruptions due to severe weather or climate change;
seasonality and fluctuations in comparable store sales and margins;
our ability to successfully implement our strategic, operating and personnel initiatives;
our ability to maintain the value and image of our brand and protect our intellectual property rights;
changes in the cost of materials and labor, including increases in the price of raw materials in the global market;
location of our facilities in the same geographic area;
our relationships with our lenders and our ability to comply with the terms of our existing debt facilities;
risks associated with our foreign operations and foreign supply sources, such as disruption of markets, changes in import and export laws, currency restrictions and currency exchange rate fluctuations;
continued compliance with U. S. and foreign government regulations, legislation and regulatory environments, including environmental, immigration, labor and occupational health and safety laws and regulations;
the risk that information technology systems changes may disrupt our supply chain, operations and our ability to upgrade our information technology infrastructure and other risks associated with the systems that operate our online retail operations;
litigation and other inquiries and investigations, including the risk that we will not be successful in defending any

4


proceedings, lawsuits, disputes, claims or audits;
ability to effectively manage inventory and inventory reserves;
changes in key personnel, our ability to hire and retain key personnel, and our relationship with our employees;
material weaknesses in internal controls;
costs as a result of operating as a public company; and
general economic conditions, including increases in interest rates, geopolitical events, other regulatory changes and inflation or deflation.

All forward-looking statements included in this document are made as of the date hereof, based on information available to us as of the date hereof, and we assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statements.
 


5

PART I-FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.    Financial Statements
American Apparel, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Amounts in thousands)
 
 
June 30, 2011
 
 
 
(unaudited)
 
December 31, 2010*
ASSETS
 
 
 
CURRENT ASSETS
 
 
 
Cash
$
6,881

 
$
7,656

Trade accounts receivable, net of allowances of $2,692 and $2,630 at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively
17,397

 
16,688

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
6,940

 
9,401

Income taxes receivable and prepaid income taxes
6,141

 
4,114

Inventories, net
192,589

 
178,052

Deferred income taxes, net of valuation allowance of $9,682 and $9,661 at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively
513

 
626

Total current assets
230,461

 
216,537

PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, net
77,067

 
85,400

DEFERRED INCOME TAXES, net of valuation allowance of $42,665 and $42,318 at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively
1,298

 
1,695

OTHER ASSETS, net
22,837

 
24,318

TOTAL ASSETS
$
331,663

 
$
327,950

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 

 
 

CURRENT LIABILITIES
 

 
 

Cash overdraft
$
1,180

 
$
3,328

Revolving credit facilities and current portion of long-term debt, net of unamortized discount of $16,012 at December 31, 2010
56,546

 
138,478

Accounts payable
40,438

 
31,534

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
38,289

 
39,028

Fair value of warrants and purchase rights
19,507

 
993

Income taxes payable
519

 
230

Current portion of capital lease obligations
1,243

 
560

Total current liabilities
157,722

 
214,151

LONG-TERM DEBT, net of unamortized discount of $23,241 at June 30, 2011
84,175

 
444

SUBORDINATED NOTES PAYABLE TO RELATED PARTY

 
4,611

CAPITAL LEASE OBLIGATIONS, net of current portion
2,308

 
542

DEFERRED TAX LIABILITY
270

 
260

DEFERRED RENT
23,877

 
24,924

OTHER LONG-TERM LIABILITIES
11,058

 
7,994

TOTAL LIABILITIES
279,410

 
252,926

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
 

 
 

STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 

 
 

Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value per share, authorized 1,000 shares; none issued

 

Common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, authorized 230,000 shares (120,000 shares at December 31, 2010); 99,219 shares issued and 94,054 shares outstanding at June 30, 2011 and 79,192 shares issued and 73,838 shares outstanding at December 31, 2010
10

 
8

Additional paid-in capital
150,652

 
153,881

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(1,754
)
 
(3,168
)
Accumulated deficit
(94,498
)
 
(73,540
)
Less: Treasury stock, 304 shares at cost
(2,157
)
 
(2,157
)
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
52,253

 
75,024

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
$
331,663

 
$
327,950

* Condensed from audited financial statements

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

American Apparel, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011

2010
 
2011

2010
Net sales
$
132,804

 
$
132,733

 
$
248,871

 
$
254,547

Cost of sales
60,378

 
64,248

 
112,807

 
124,922

Gross profit
72,426

 
68,485

 
136,064

 
129,625

Selling expenses
50,278

 
51,877

 
100,252

 
104,274

General and administrative expenses (including related party charges of $206 and $212 for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively, and $431 and $437 for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively)
26,370

 
23,762

 
52,474

 
49,871

Retail store impairment
1,002

 
1,407

 
1,652

 
5,598

Loss from operations
(5,224
)
 
(8,561
)
 
(18,314
)
 
(30,118
)
Interest expense (including related party interest expense of $0 and $67 for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively, and $64 and $132 for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively)
7,752

 
5,682

 
14,883

 
10,728

Foreign currency transaction (gain) loss
(263
)
 
1,927

 
(1,074
)
 
2,684

Unrealized (gain) loss on change in fair value of warrants and purchase rights
(13,000
)
 
1,034

 
(15,100
)
 
1,034

Loss on extinguishment of debt

 

 
3,114

 

Other income expense
(20
)
 
(355
)
 
(55
)
 
(201
)
Income (loss) before income taxes
307

 
(16,849
)
 
(20,082
)
 
(44,363
)
Income tax provision (benefit)
520

 
(2,171
)
 
876

 
13,158

Net loss
$
(213
)
 
$
(14,678
)
 
$
(20,958
)
 
$
(57,521
)
Basic and diluted loss per share
$

 
$
(0.21
)
 
$
(0.26
)
 
$
(0.81
)
Weighted average basic and diluted shares outstanding
89,111

 
71,447

 
81,668

 
71,358

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
 

7

American Apparel, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
CASH FLOWS USED IN OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Cash received from customers
$
248,714

 
$
249,838

Cash paid to suppliers, employees and others
(252,752
)
 
(265,567
)
Income taxes paid
(2,030
)
 
(4,527
)
Interest paid
(2,550
)
 
(3,684
)
Other
125

 
218

Net cash used in operating activities
(8,493
)
 
(23,722
)
CASH FLOWS USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 

Capital expenditures
(4,727
)
 
(7,258
)
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets
68

 
39

Net cash used in investing activities
(4,659
)
 
(7,219
)
CASH FLOWS PROVIDED BY FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Cash overdraft
(2,148
)
 
(2,338
)
(Repayments) borrowings under revolving credit facilities, net
(836
)
 
34,973

Net proceeds from issuance of common stock and purchase rights
14,418

 

Payment of debt issuance costs
(1,213
)
 

Repurchase of common stock for payment of payroll tax withholding on stock-based compensation

 
(592
)
Proceeds from term loans and notes payable
(7
)
 

Proceeds from capital lease obligations
3,100

 

Repayment of capital lease obligations
(651
)
 
(1,035
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
12,663

 
31,008

EFFECT OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE RATE ON CASH
(286
)
 
(1,045
)
NET DECREASE IN CASH
(775
)
 
(978
)
CASH, beginning of period
7,656

 
9,046

CASH, end of period
$
6,881

 
$
8,068

RECONCILIATION OF NET LOSS TO NET CASH USED IN OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(20,958
)
 
$
(57,521
)
Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment and intangibles
12,983

 
14,415

Amortization of debt discount and deferred financing costs
3,564

 
2,939

Foreign exchange transaction (gain) loss
(1,074
)
 
2,684

Stock based compensation expense
2,445

 
1,763

Accrued interest paid-in-kind
8,781

 
3,263

Allowance for inventory shrinkage and obsolescence
(75
)
 
1,397

Change in fair value of warrant liability
(15,100
)
 
1,034

Loss on extinguishment of debt
3,114

 

Retail store impairment
1,652

 
5,598

Deferred income taxes
608

 
13,670

Gain on disposal of property and equipment
71

 
16

Bad debt expense
343

 
242

Deferred rent
(1,378
)
 
1,835

Changes in cash due to changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Trade accounts receivables
(501
)
 
(4,951
)
Inventories
(12,294
)
 
(15,450
)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
2,282

 
3,051

Other assets
(1,439
)
 
(1,270
)
Accounts payable
9,606

 
3,388

Accrued expenses and other liabilities
639

 
(1,005
)
Income taxes receivable/payable
(1,762
)
 
1,180

Net cash used in operating activities
$
(8,493
)
 
$
(23,722
)
NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Conversion of debt to equity
$
4,688

 
$

Property and equipment acquired and included in accounts payable
$
375

 
$
506

Reclassification of Lion Warrant from equity to debt
$
11,339

 
$

Issuance of warrants at fair value
$
5,036

 
$

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

8


American Apparel, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
For the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010
(Amounts and shares in thousands, except per share amounts)
(unaudited)

Note 1. Organization and Business

American Apparel, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively the “Company”) is a vertically-integrated manufacturer, distributor, and retailer of branded fashion basic apparel. The Company sells its products through the wholesale distribution channel supplying t-shirts and other casual wear to distributors and screen printers, as well as direct to customers through its retail stores located in the United States and internationally. In addition, the Company operates an online retail e-commerce website. At June 30, 2011, the Company operated a total of 254 retail stores in the United States, Canada and 18 other countries.
 
Going Concern, Liquidity and Management's Plan

As of June 30, 2011, the Company had approximately $6,881 in cash, $1,321 of availability for additional borrowings and $52,371 outstanding on a $75,000 revolving credit facility under the BofA Credit Agreement (as defined in Note 7), $1,418 of availability for additional borrowings and $4,097 outstanding on a C$11,000 revolving credit facility under the Bank of Montreal Credit Agreement (as defined in Note 7), and $83,771 (including paid-in-kind interest of $7,576 and net of discount $23,241) of term loans outstanding under the Lion Credit Agreement (as defined in Note 8). As of July 31, 2011, the Company had approximately $7,812 of availability for additional borrowings and $46,012 outstanding on the credit facility under the BofA Credit Agreement and $1,545 of availability for additional borrowings and $3,627 outstanding on the credit facility under the Bank of Montreal Credit Agreement.

During the six months ended June 30, 2011, and as more fully described in Notes 10 and 13, the Company sold 17,578 shares of its Common Stock and received aggregate cash proceeds, net of transaction costs, of $14,418. The proceeds received were as follows:
- On April 26, 2011 the Company sold 15,777 shares of Common Stock to a group of investors ( the "Investors") , at a price of $0.90 per share, and purchase rights to acquire up to an aggregate of 27,434 additional shares of common stock at $0.90 per share, for the aggregate proceeds, net of transaction costs, of $12,416.
- On March 24, 2011, the Company sold 1,801 shares of Common Stock at a price of $1.11 per share, to Dov Charney ("Mr. Charney"), Chairman and CEO of the Company, for aggregate proceeds, net, of $2,000.
After these transactions, and a mandatory increase in lender reserve of $5,000 under the Company's BofA Credit Agreement on April 26, 2011 as described in Note 7, the Company had $9,416 available for its liquidity requirements.

On July 7, 2011, the Investors exercised their purchase rights to purchase an additional 6,667 shares of the Company's Common Stock for $0.90 per share. On July 12, 2011, Mr. Charney exercised rights to purchase 778 shares of Common Stock for $0.90 per share, and the Investors exercised additional rights to purchase 1,740 shares of Common Stock for $0.90 per share. These transactions resulted in $8,266 in aggregate proceeds and additional liquidity for the Company.

The Company incurred a loss from operations of $18,314 for the six months ended June 30, 2011, compared to a loss from operations of $30,118 for the six months ended June 30, 2010. The current operating plan indicates that losses from operations may be incurred for all of fiscal 2011. Consequently, the Company may not have sufficient liquidity necessary to sustain operations for the next twelve months and this raises substantial doubt that the Company will be able to continue as a going concern.

Management is in the process of executing a plan to improve the operating performance and the financial position of the Company. This plan includes optimizing production levels at the Company's manufacturing facilities including raw material purchases and labor; streamlining the Company's logistics operations; merchandise price rationalization in the Company's wholesale and retail channels; renegotiating the terms of a number of the Company's retail real estate leases, including store closures; improving merchandise allocation procedures and rationalizing staffing levels. In addition, the Company continues to develop other initiatives intended to either increase sales, reduce costs or improve liquidity. Although management's plan reflects improvements in these trends, there can be no assurance that management's plan to improve the operating performance and the financial position of the Company will be successful. The Company continues to evaluate other alternative sources of capital for ongoing cash needs, however, there can be no assurance the Company will be successful in those efforts.

9


On April 26, 2011, the Company entered into an amendment under the BofA Credit Agreement, which among other things, waived the requirement to furnish the Company's 2010 audited financial statements without a “going concern” or like qualification. On the same date the Company also entered into an amendment under the Lion Credit Agreement by which waived the requirement to furnish the 2010 audited financial statements without a "going concern" or like qualification. On May 9, 2011, the Company entered into a waiver agreement with the Bank of Montreal, which waived the requirement to furnish the fiscal 2010 audited financial statements of the Company's Canadian operations without a "going concern" or like qualification.

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments to reflect the possible future effects on the recoverability of assets or the amounts of liabilities that may result should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

Note 2. Principles of Consolidation and Basis of Presentation

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of American Apparel, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated upon consolidation.

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries have been prepared by the Company, in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and are presented in accordance with the requirements of Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X, and have not been audited. Accordingly, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010 included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K. In the opinion of management, the interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included herein contain all adjustments, including normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary to present fairly the Company's financial position, the results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented.

The operating results and cash flows of the interim periods presented herein are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for any other interim period or the full year.

Certain reclassifications have been made to the accompanying 2010 condensed consolidated financial statements to conform them to the 2011 presentation.

Note 3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Other Disclosures

Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. The most significant estimates include: revenue recognition; sales returns and other allowances; allowance for doubtful accounts; inventory valuation and obsolescence; valuation and recoverability of long-lived assets, including the values assigned to acquired intangible assets and goodwill, and property and equipment; contingencies, including accruals for the outcome of current litigation and self-insurance liabilities; fair value of debt; fair value of derivatives; and income taxes, including uncertain tax positions and recoverability of deferred income taxes.
On a regular basis, management reviews its estimates utilizing currently available information, changes in facts and circumstances, historical experience and reasonable assumptions. After such reviews, and if deemed appropriate, those estimates are adjusted accordingly. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
Earnings Per Share
The Company presents earnings per share (“EPS”) utilizing a dual presentation of basic and diluted EPS. Basic EPS includes no dilution and is computed by dividing net loss available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS includes the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other

10

contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock.

Comprehensive Loss
The Company is required to display comprehensive loss and its components as part of its complete set of financial statements. Comprehensive loss represents the change in stockholders’ equity resulting from transactions other than stockholder investments and distributions. Included in accumulated other comprehensive loss are changes in equity that are excluded from the Company’s net loss, specifically, unrealized gains and losses on foreign currency translation adjustments.
A reconciliation of comprehensive loss for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 is as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011

2010
 
2011

2010
Net loss, as reported
$
(213
)
 
$
(14,678
)
 
$
(20,958
)
 
$
(57,521
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments
211

 
(834
)
 
1,414

 
(1,214
)
Comprehensive loss
$
(2
)
 
$
(15,512
)
 
$
(19,544
)
 
$
(58,735
)
 
Concentration of Credit Risk
Financial instruments which potentially subject the Company to credit risk consist primarily of cash (the amounts of which may, at times, exceed Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation limits on insurable amounts) and trade accounts receivable (including credit card receivables), relating substantially to the Company’s U.S. Wholesale segment. The Company mitigates its cash risk by investing through major financial institutions. The Company had approximately $6,009 and $7,038 held in foreign banks at June 30, 2011, and December 31, 2010, respectively.

The Company mitigates its risks related to trade receivables by performing on-going credit evaluations of its customers and adjusts credit limits based upon payment history and the customer’s current credit worthiness, as determined by the review of current credit information. The Company also maintains an insurance policy for certain customers based on a customer’s credit rating and established limits. Collections and payments from customers are continuously monitored. One customer accounted for 17.1% and 24.3% of the Company's total trade accounts receivable as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively. The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts, which is based upon historical experience and specific customer collection issues that are identified. While bad debt expenses have historically been within expectations and allowances established, the Company cannot guarantee that it will continue to experience the same credit loss rates that it has in the past.

Foreign Currency Forward Exchange Contracts
Derivative instruments are required to be recognized in the balance sheet as either an asset or liability measured at fair value. Changes in the fair value of derivatives are to be recorded each period in comprehensive loss, if the derivative is designated and effective as part of a hedge accounting transaction, or in earnings if the derivative does not qualify for hedge accounting. The Company's foreign currency forward exchange contracts do not qualify for hedge accounting and, accordingly, adjustments to fair value are recorded in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
The Company enters into forward contracts from time-to-time to mitigate the cash and statement of operations impact of fluctuations in foreign currencies. At June 30, 2011, the Company held no forward exchange contracts. For the six months ended June 30, 2011, losses of $33, and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, a gain of $58 and a loss of $10, respectively, were recorded in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Income Taxes
The Company recognizes deferred tax liabilities and assets for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The Company estimates the degree to which tax assets and credit carryforwards will result in a benefit based on expected profitability by tax jurisdiction. A valuation allowance for such tax assets and loss carryforwards is provided when it is determined that it is more likely than not that those assets will not be realized. If it becomes more likely than not that a tax asset will be realized, the related valuation allowance on such assets will be reversed.
The Company incurred a substantial loss from operations for the year ended December 31, 2010 and also incurred a loss

11

for the six months ended June 30, 2011. Based upon recent history of cumulative losses, the Company has concluded, it is more likely than not that it will not realize benefits from the deferred tax assets in certain jurisdictions. As such, the Company will not record income tax benefits associated with its losses until it determines that it is more likely than not it will generate sufficient taxable income in the respective jurisdictions to realize the benefit from recording deferred income tax assets. As a result of the aforementioned analysis, the Company determined that a full valuation allowance against net deferred tax assets in certain jurisdictions is required. At June 30, 2011, the Company had recorded valuation allowances against its deferred tax assets in the amount of $52,347.
Management makes judgments as to the interpretation of the tax laws that might be challenged upon an audit and cause changes to previous estimates of tax liabilities. In management's opinion, adequate provisions for income taxes have been made for all years. If actual taxable income varies from estimates, additional allowances or reversals of reserves may be necessary.
The Company's foreign domiciled subsidiaries are subject to foreign income taxes on earnings in their respective jurisdictions. The Company elected to have their foreign subsidiaries, except for its subsidiaries in Brazil, Canada, China, Spain, Italy and Ireland, consolidated in the Company's U.S. federal income tax return; the Company will generally be eligible to receive tax credits on its U.S. federal income tax return for most of foreign taxes paid.
The Company accounts for uncertain tax positions in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") ASC 740—“Income Taxes”, and gross unrecognized tax benefits at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 are included in other long-term liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. The Company accrues interest and penalties, if incurred, on unrecognized tax benefits as components of the income tax provision in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Fair Value Measurements
The Company’s financial instruments are primarily composed of cash, accounts receivable (including credit card receivables), accounts payable, revolving credit borrowings, term note, warrants and purchase rights. The fair value of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and revolving credit borrowings closely approximates their carrying value due to their short maturities. The fair value of the term note is estimated using a discounted cash flow analysis (see Note 9). The fair value of each warrant is estimated using the Binomial Lattice option valuation model and each purchase right using the Monte Carlo simulation valuation model (see Note 13).  
The valuation techniques utilized are based upon observable and unobservable inputs. Observable inputs reflect market data obtained from independent sources, while unobservable inputs reflect internal market assumptions. These two types of inputs create the following fair value hierarchy:
Level 1–Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2–Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the related asset or liabilities.
Level 3–Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of assets or liabilities.
The Company utilizes observable market inputs (quoted market prices) when measuring fair value whenever possible.
The fair value of indefinite-lived assets, which consists exclusively of goodwill, is measured on a non-recurring basis in connection with the Company’s annual goodwill impairment test. The fair value of the reporting unit to which goodwill has been assigned, is determined using a projected discounted cash flow analysis based on unobservable inputs including gross profit, discount rate, working capital requirements, capital expenditures, depreciation and terminal value assumptions and are classified within Level 3 of the valuation hierarchy. No triggering events occurred during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and therefore an impairment test was not performed.
The Company identified indicators of impairment present at certain retail stores within its U.S. Retail and International segments. Accordingly, the Company performed a recoverability test and an impairment test on these stores and determined, based on the results of an undiscounted cash flow and discounted cash flow analysis (level 3 in the fair value hierarchy), impairment adjustments were required, and are included in the accompanying condensed consolidated statement of operations (see Note 5).




12






Note 4. Inventories
The components of inventories are as follows:  
 
June 30, 2011
 
December 31, 2010
Raw materials
$
15,930

 
$
18,461

Work in process
1,196

 
1,125

Finished goods
181,235

 
164,319

 
198,361

 
183,905

Less reserve for inventory shrinkage and obsolescence
(5,772
)
 
(5,853
)
Total, net of reserves
$
192,589

 
$
178,052

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is primarily determined on the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method. The cost elements of inventories include materials, labor and overhead. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, no supplier provided more than 10% of the Company’s raw material purchases.
The Company identifies potentially excess and slow-moving inventories by evaluating turn rates, inventory levels and other factors and provides reserves for such identified excess and slow-moving inventories. At June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the Company had a lower of cost or market reserve for excess and slow-moving inventories of $3,876 and $3,869, respectively.
The Company establishes a reserve for inventory shrinkage for each of its retail locations and its warehouse. The reserve is based on the historical results of physical inventory counts. The Company has a reserve for inventory shrinkage in the amount of $1,896 and $1,984 at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively.


Note 5. Property and Equipment

The components of property and equipment are as follows:  
 
June 30, 2011
 
December 31, 2010
Machinery and equipment
$
47,761

 
$
46,755

Furniture and fixtures
39,328

 
38,515

Computers and software
29,694

 
28,133

Automobiles and light trucks
1,105

 
1,173

Leasehold improvements
83,373

 
86,572

Buildings
599

 
585

Construction in progress
5

 
584

 
201,865

 
202,317

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
(124,798
)
 
(116,917
)
Total
$
77,067

 
$
85,400


Property and equipment is recorded on the basis of cost and depreciated over the estimated used useful lives of fixed assets. The useful lives of the Company's major classes of assets are as follows:


13

Machinery and equipment
5 to 7 years
Furniture and fixtures
3 to 5 years
Computers and software
3 to 5 years
Automobiles and light trucks
3 to 5 years
Leasehold improvements
Shorter of lease term or useful life
Buildings
25 years
Depreciation and amortization expense relating to property and equipment (including capitalized leases) is recorded in cost of sales and operating expenses. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, depreciation and amortization was $6,349 and 12,983, respectively, and $7,299 and $14,415, respectively, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010.
The Company identified indicators of impairment at certain retail stores within its U.S. Retail and International segments, specifically related to under-performance or operating losses relative to expected historical or projected future operating results. The Company performed a recoverability test and an impairment test on these stores. The key assumptions used in the estimates of projected cash flows were sales, gross margins, and payroll costs. These forecasts were based on historical trends and take into account recent developments as well as the Company's plans and intentions. Based upon the results of the discounted cash flow analysis (level 3 in the fair value hierarchy), the Company recorded an impairment charge relating primarily to certain retail store leasehold improvements and key money in the U.S. Retail and International segments of $1,002 and $1,652 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively. The Company recorded impairment charges of $1,407 and $5,598 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, respectively.
On January 11, 2011, the Company entered an agreement to sell and simultaneously lease back all of the Company's unencumbered manufacturing equipment, for a term of 48 months and an interest rate of 14.8%. The sale price of the manufacturing equipment was $3,100. The Company has an option, exercisable during the fourth year of the lease term, to repurchase the manufacturing equipment for $310. The transaction is accounted for as a financing transaction and is recorded in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements as a capital lease.

Note 6. Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities
The components of accrued expenses and other current liabilities are as follows:
 
 
June 30, 2011
 
December 31, 2010
Compensation and related taxes
$
8,041

 
$
7,586

Workers' compensation and other self-insurance reserves (Note 15)
5,188

 
4,261

Sales, value and property taxes
2,233

 
2,570

Gift cards and store credits
5,053

 
4,927

ICE inspection-related workers' compensation claims (see Note 14 and Note 15)
1,205

 
1,443

Loss contingencies
2,275

 
2,200

Accrued vacation
813

 
1,937

Other
13,481

 
14,104

Total accrued expenses
$
38,289

 
$
39,028


Note 7. Revolving Credit Facilities and Current Portion of Long-Term Debt
Revolving credit facilities and current portion of long-term debt consists of the following:
 
 
June 30, 2011
 
December 31, 2010
Revolving credit facility, maturing July 2012 (a)
$
52,371

 
$
53,414

Revolving credit facility (Canada), maturing December 2012 (b)
4,097

 
3,799

Current portion of long-term debt (Note 8)
78

 
81,265

Total revolving credit facilities and current portion of long-term debt
$
56,546

 
$
138,478


The Company incurred interest charges of $7,752 and $14,883 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011,

14

respectively, and $5,682 and $10,728 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, respectively, for all outstanding borrowings.
                                                                           
(a)
The Company has a revolving credit facility of $75,000 with Bank of America, N.A. (“BofA” and such credit facility, the “BofA Credit Agreement”), subject to certain advance restrictions based on eligible inventory and accounts receivable. The BofA Credit Agreement expires on July 2, 2012. Borrowings under the BofA Credit Agreement are subject to certain advance provisions established by BofA, and are collateralized by substantially all of the Company's U.S. assets and shares in its foreign subsidiaries.
Interest under the BofA Credit Agreement is at the 3 month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) (0.24% at June 30, 2011) plus 4.5% or BofA's prime rate (which rate can in no event be lower than LIBOR plus 4.5% per annum and was 3.25% at June 30, 2011) plus 2.5%, at the Company's option. At June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the Company had $7,409 and $8,583, respectively, of outstanding letters of credit secured against the BofA Credit Agreement. Available borrowing capacity at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 was $1,321 and $4,915, respectively.
Among other provisions, the BofA Credit Agreement contains certain subjective acceleration clauses and requires that the Company maintain an arrangement similar to a traditional lockbox, and the liability is therefore classified as a current liability in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. Additionally, the BofA Credit Agreement and Lion Credit Agreement contain cross-default provisions, whereby an event of default occurring under one of the credit agreements would cause an event of default under the other credit agreement.
On April 26, 2011, the Company entered into an amendment under the BofA Credit Agreement, which among other things, waived the requirement to furnish its 2010 audited financial statements without a “going concern” or like qualification. The amendment also required the Company to, among other things, i) receive new equity contribution in excess of $10,500; ii) revises the financial covenant requiring minimum excess availability to increase the required excess availability by $5,000 to an amount not less than the greater of $12,500 and 15% of the lesser of the borrowing base and the revolving credit ceiling; and (iii) create an Office of Special Programs to create and implement a plan to improve the operating performance and financial condition of the Company as described in the amendment.
As of June 30, 2011, the Company was in compliance with all financial covenants of the BofA Credit Agreement.

(b)
Wholly owned subsidiaries of the Company, American Apparel Canada Wholesale, Inc. and American Apparel Canada Retail Inc. (collectively, the “CI Companies”), have a line of credit with Bank of Montreal (the "Bank of Montreal Credit Agreement") that provides for borrowings up to C$11,000 with a fixed maturity date of December 30, 2012, bearing interest at the bank's prime rate (3.0% at June 30, 2011) plus 2.00% per annum payable monthly. This line of credit is secured by a lien on the CI Companies' accounts receivable, inventory and certain other tangible assets. Available borrowing capacity at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 was $1,418 and $5,001, respectively.
The Bank of Montreal Credit Agreement contains a fixed charge coverage ratio, tested at the end of each month, which measures the ratio of EBITDA less cash income taxes paid, dividends paid and unfinanced capital expenditures divided by interest expense plus scheduled principal payments of long term debt, debt under capital leases, dividends, and stockholder loans and advances, for the Company's Canadian subsidiaries. The ratio must be not less 1.25:1.00. The Bank of Montreal Credit Agreement also restricts the Company's Canadian subsidiaries from entering into operating leases which would lead to payments under such leases totaling more than C$8,500 in any fiscal year, and imposes a minimum excess availability covenant which requires the Company's Canadian subsidiaries to maintain at all times minimum excess availability of 5% of the revolving credit commitment under the facility.
The Bank of Montreal Credit Agreement also contains covenants which require the Company to furnish audited financial statements of its Canadian subsidiaries without a going concern or like qualification.
Additionally, the Lion Credit Agreement contains cross-default provisions with the Bank of Montreal Credit Agreement, whereby an event of default occurring under the Bank of Montreal Credit Agreements would cause an event of default under the Lion Credit Agreement.
On May 9, 2011, the Company entered into a waiver agreement with the Bank of Montreal, which waived the requirement to furnish the fiscal 2010 audited financial statements of the Company's Canadian operations without a "going concern" or like qualification.
As of June 30, 2011, the Company was in compliance with all required financial covenants of the Bank of Montreal Credit Agreement.


15



 



16

Note 8. Long-Term Debt
Long-term debt consists of the following:
 
 
June 30, 2011
 
December 31, 2010
Long-term debt with Lion, including accrued interest paid-in-kind of $7,576 and $17,218 and net of discount of $23,241 and $16,012 at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively
$
83,771

 
$
81,206

Other
482

 
503

Total long-term debt
84,253

 
81,709

Current portion of long-term debt
(78
)
 
(81,265
)
Long-term debt, net of current portion
$
84,175

 
$
444

                                                                           
 
On March 13, 2009, the Company entered into an $80,000 term loan with Lion (the "Lion Credit Agreement"). Pursuant to the Lion Credit Agreement, Lion made term loans to the Company in an aggregate principal amount equal to $80,000, of which $5,000 of such loans constituted a fee paid by the Company to Lion in connection with the Lion Credit Agreement. The term loans under the Lion Credit Agreement mature on December 31, 2013 and bear interest at a rate of 17% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears. The interest rate has been amended as described below. At the Company's option, accrued interest may be paid (i) entirely in cash, (ii) paid half in cash and half in kind, or (iii) entirely in kind. The Company's obligations under the Lion Credit Agreement are secured by a second lien on substantially all of the assets of the Company. The Lion Credit Agreement is subordinated to the BofA Credit Agreement and contains customary representations and warranties, events of default, affirmative covenants and negative covenants (which impose restrictions and limitations on, among other things, dividends, investments, asset sales, capital expenditures and the ability of the Company to incur additional debt and liens) and a total leverage ratio covenant. The Company is permitted to prepay the loans in whole or in part at any time at its option, with no prepayment penalty.
Significant covenants in the Lion Credit Agreement include annual limitation of the Company's capital expenditures to $27,500 for fiscal 2011. Other covenants under the Lion Credit Agreement have been modified over time in connection with amendments as described below.
On February 18, 2011, the Company entered into an amendment to the Lion Credit Agreement, which among other things, (i) redefined the monthly minimum Consolidated EBITDA financial covenant calculation to include limited fees and charges of professional services, (ii) established new monthly minimum Consolidated EBITDA amounts, (iii) adjusted the Total Debt to Consolidated EBITDA ratios, and (iv) added a covenant for the Total Debt to Consolidated EBITDA ratio that increases the annual interest rate payable from 17% to 18% if the ratio is greater than 4.00:1.00 for any four consecutive Fiscal Quarters or if Consolidated EBITDA for any twelve consecutive Fiscal Month period is negative. As of June 30, 2011, the Company did not meet these ratios, requiring an annual interest rate of 18%. The amendment also required that the Lion Warrant be amended (see Note 13). In connection with the amendment, the Company paid Lion a fee of $994, of which was recorded as a loss on extinguishment of debt as described below.
In connection with the February 18, 2011 amendment, the Company evaluated the change in cash flows in connection with the amendment to the Lion Credit Agreement. The Company determined that there was a greater than 10% change between the present values of the existing debt and the amended debt causing an extinguishment of debt. The Company recorded the modified debt and related warrant at its fair value and recognized a loss of $3,114 on extinguishment of existing debt. This loss on extinguishment was determined by calculating the difference of the net carrying amount of the Lion debt of $92,627 (which includes principal, paid-in-kind interest, original fair value of Lion Warrant originally recorded in equity, unamortized discount and unamortized deferred financing cost) and the fair value of the modified debt of $95,741 (which includes fair value of modified debt, fair value of modified Lion Warrant and amendment related fees). The variance between the carrying net amount of the existing debt of $99,394 and the fair value of the modified debt of $76,195 was recorded as a discount to the modified debt and will be recognized as interest expense using the effective interest method over the remaining term of the Lion Credit Agreement. During the three months ended June 30, 2011 the Company recorded $5,033 in additional discount associated with the issuance of additional warrants (Note 13) to Lion. Amortization of discount on the Lion term loan is included in interest expense and was $2,056 and $ 2,886 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively, and $1,117 and $ 2,202 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, respectively.
     
Pursuant to certain anti-dilution provisions the Company was required to issue Lion new warrants on March 24, 2011 and April 26, 2011 to purchase 760 and 3,063 shares of common stock, respectively. In addition, the exercise price of all the Lion

17

warrant was reduced to $1.00 per share. The fair value of the new warrants along with the change in the exercise price, aggregated $5,836 resulting in an additional debt discount to be amortized over the remaining term of the Lion Credit agreement (see Note 13).

At June 30, 2011, the debt, net of unamortized discount of $23,241 and excluding interest paid-in-kind of $7,576, totaled $76,195 and will be accreted up to the $99,394 par value of the loan using the effective interest method over the term of the Lion Credit Agreement.
The Lion Credit Agreement contains certain cross-default provisions by which noncompliance with covenants under the BofA Credit Agreement, the Bank of Montreal Credit Agreement and certain other existing and potential agreements also constitutes an event of default under the Lion Credit Agreement.
On April 26, 2011, the Company entered into a waiver agreement and an amendment under the Lion Credit Agreement, which, among other things, (i) waived the requirement to furnish the Company's 2010 audited financial statements without a “going concern” or like qualification and (ii) required the Company to take certain measures to prevent the dilution of Lion's existing Warrant (see Note 13). As of June 30, 2011, the Company is in compliance with the financial covenants under the Lion Credit Agreement.

Note 9. Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The fair value of the Company's financial instruments are measured on a recurring basis. The carrying amount reported in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets for cash, accounts receivable (including credit card receivables), accounts payable and accrued expenses approximates fair value because of the short-term maturity of those instruments. The carrying amount for borrowings under the revolving credit facilities with BofA and the Bank of Montreal approximates fair value because of the variable market interest rate charged to the Company for these borrowings. The fair value of the term loans with Lion was estimated using a discounted cash flow analysis and a yield rate that was estimated using yield rates for publicly traded debt instruments of comparable companies with similar features. The fair value of each warrant was estimated using the Binomial Lattice option valuation model and each purchase right using the Monte Carlo simulation valuation model.   The Company did not have any assets or liabilities categorized as Level 1 or 2 as of June 30, 2011.
The carrying amounts and fair values of the Company's financial instruments are presented below as of June 30, 2011:
 
 
Carrying Amount
 
Fair Value (1)
Level 3 Liabilities
 
 
 
Long-term debt with Lion, net of discount of $23,241 and including interest paid-in-kind of $7,576
$
83,771

 
$
71,470

Investor Purchase Rights
(a)

 
5,513

Charney Purchase Rights
(a)

 
312

Lion Warrant
(a)

 
13,437

SOF Warrant
(a)


$
245

 
$
83,771

 
$
90,977

(1) Level 3 (a) No cost is associated with these liabilities (see Note 13)
 
 
 

The following summarizes the activity of Level 3 inputs measured on a recurring basis for the six months ended June 30, 2011:
 

18

Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
 
 
Warrants
 
Purchase Rights
 
Total
Balance at January 1, 2011
 
$
993

 
$

 
$
993

Additions (see Note 13)
 
21,198

 
15,605

 
36,803

Adjustment resulting from change in fair value recognized in earnings (1)
 
(8,509
)
 
(9,780
)
 
(18,289
)
Balance at June 30, 2011
 
$
13,682

 
$
5,825

 
$
19,507

(1) The amount of total gains or losses for the period attributable to the change in unrealized gains or losses relating to liabilities held at the reporting date. The unrealized gain or loss is recorded in unrealized (gain) loss on change in fair value of warrants and purchase rights in the accompanying condensed and consolidated statement of operations.
 
Note 10. Subordinated Notes Payable to Related Party
 
On March 24, 2011, the Company and its CEO, Mr. Charney, entered into, and closed the transactions under, a purchase agreement pursuant to which (i) Mr. Charney purchased from the Company an aggregate of 1,801 shares of Common Stock at a price of $1.11 per share, for aggregate cash consideration of approximately $2,000 in cash and (ii) the cancellation of three promissory notes issued by two subsidiaries of the Company to Mr. Charney, which as of March 24, 2011 had an aggregate book value of approximately $4,700, including principal and accrued and unpaid interest outstanding in exchange for an issuance by the Company of an aggregate of 4,223 shares of the Company's Common Stock at a price of $1.11 per share with 50% of such shares issuable to Mr. Charney only if prior to March 24, 2014, the closing sale price of Common Stock exceeds $3.50 for 30 consecutive trading days or there is a change of control of the Company, as defined in the purchase agreement.

Note 11. Income Taxes
Income taxes for the six months ended June 30, 2011 were computed using the effective tax rate estimated to be applicable for the full fiscal year, which is subject to ongoing review and evaluation by management. In accordance with ASC 740, “Income Taxes”, the Company evaluates whether a valuation allowance should be established against the net deferred tax assets based upon the consideration of all available evidence and using a “more likely than not” standard. Significant weight is given to evidence that can be objectively verified. The determination to record a valuation allowance is based on the recent history of cumulative losses and current operating performance. In conducting the analysis, the Company utilizes an approach which considers the current year loss, including an assessment of the degree to which any losses are driven by items that are unusual in nature and incurred to improve future profitability. In addition, the Company reviews changes in near-term market conditions and any other factors arising during the period which may impact our future operating results. Finally, the Company's ability to continue as a going concern was also considered as evidence in the assessment of the need to establish a valuation allowance against the net deferred tax assets.
The Company incurred a substantial loss from operations for the year ended December 31, 2010 and also incurred a loss for the six months ended June 30, 2011. Based primarily upon recent history of cumulative losses and the results of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2011 the Company determined that it is more likely than not it will not realize benefits from the deferred tax assets in certain jurisdictions. The Company will not record income tax benefits in the condensed consolidated financial statements until it is determined that it is more likely than not that the Company will generate sufficient taxable income in the respective jurisdictions to realize the deferred income tax assets. As a result of the analysis, the Company determined that a full valuation allowance against the net deferred tax assets in certain jurisdictions, primarily in the U.S., and partial in certain foreign jurisdictions is required. At June 30, 2011, the Company had recorded valuation allowances against its deferred tax assets in the amount of $52,347.
Management makes judgments as to the interpretation of the tax laws that might be challenged upon an audit and cause changes to previous estimates of tax liability. In addition, the Company operates within multiple taxing jurisdictions and is subject to audit in these jurisdictions. The Company is currently subject to audit under the statute of limitations by the Internal Revenue Service for the calendar years ended December 31, 2007 through December 31, 2010. The Company and its subsidiaries' state and foreign tax returns are open to audit under similar statute of limitations for the calendar years ended December 31, 2006 through December 31, 2010, depending on the particular jurisdiction. The Company's uncertain tax positions are related to tax years that remain subject to examination by the relevant taxing authorities. The Company recognizes

19

interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as a component of the income tax expense in the accompanying condensed consolidated statement of operations. At June 30, 2011, the Company had accumulated interest and penalties accrued of $76. In management's opinion, adequate provisions for income taxes have been made for all years. If actual taxable income by tax jurisdiction varies from estimates, additional allowances or reversals of reserves may be necessary.
The Company is being audited by the Canadian Revenue Agency (“CRA”) for the years ended December 31, 2005 through December 31, 2007. In connection with the audit, the CRA issued a proposed adjustment disallowing certain management fees. The Company's 2009 federal income tax return is also currently being audited by the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.

Note 12. Related Party Transactions
See " Note 8 - Long Term Debt" for a description of loans made by Lion to the Company; “Note 10 - Subordinated Notes Payable to Related Party” for a description of the loans made by the CEO to the Company and a purchase agreement, dated March 24, 2011, between the CEO and the Company related to such loans; and “Note 13 - Share Based Compensation and Warrants” for a description of the warrant issued by the Company to Lion and a purchase agreement, dated April 27, 2011, between the CEO and the Company.
Agreements Between our CEO and Lion
In connection with the Lion Credit Agreement and the Investment Agreement, dated March 13, 2009 (the “Investment Agreement“), the CEO of the Company and Lion entered into a voting agreement, dated as of March 13, 2009 (the “Investment Voting Agreement”). Pursuant to the Investment Voting Agreement, for so long as Lion has the right to designate any person or persons to the Board of Directors, the CEO of the Company has agreed to vote his shares of common stock in favor of Lion's designees, provided that the CEO's obligation to so vote terminates if he owns less than 6,000 shares of common stock (which number will be adjusted appropriately to take into account any stock split, reverse stock split or similar transaction). In addition, pursuant to the Investment Voting Agreement, for so long as Lion has the right to designate any person or persons to the Board of Directors, Lion has agreed to vote its shares of common stock in favor of the CEO of the Company, provided that Lion's obligation to so vote terminates if either (i) the CEO of the Company beneficially owns less than 27,900 shares of common stock (which number will be adjusted appropriately to take into account any stock split, reverse stock split or similar transaction) or (ii) (A) the CEO of the Company is no longer employed on a full-time basis by the Company or any subsidiary of the Company and (B) the CEO of the Company is in material breach of the non-competition and non-solicitation covenants contained in the Acquisition Agreement (as defined below), as extended by a letter agreement, dated March 13, 2009, between the CEO of the Company and Lion.
In connection with the Lion Credit Agreement and the Investment Agreement, the CEO of the Company also agreed to extend the lock-up agreement, dated as of December 12, 2007, pursuant to which the CEO of the Company agreed not to make certain transfers of the 37,258 shares of common stock that he received pursuant to the Amended and Restated Agreement and Plan of Reorganization, dated as of November 7, 2007 (as it may be hereafter amended, supplemented or modified from time to time, the “Acquisition Agreement”), by and among the Company, American Apparel (USA) LLC (f/k/a AAI Acquisition LLC), a California limited liability company, American Apparel Inc., a California corporation, American Apparel, LLC, a California limited liability company, the CI Companies, the CEO of the Company, each of the stockholders of the CI Companies (with respect to certain provisions of the Acquisition Agreement) and Sam Lim (with respect to certain provisions of the Acquisition Agreement) from December 12, 2010 to December 31, 2013 (the “Extension Period”). However, the Extension Period will terminate upon the earliest to occur of the following events (the “Trigger Events”): (i) (A) Lion and its affiliates beneficially own less than 4,000 shares of Common Stock issued or issuable upon exercise of the Lion Warrant and (B) the loans made pursuant to the Lion Credit Agreement have been repaid in full, (ii) the CEO of the Company's employment is terminated by the Company “without cause” or (iii) the CEO of the Company terminates his employment with the Company for “good reason” (the terms “without cause” and “good reason” having the respective meanings set forth in his employment agreement, dated as of December 12, 2007, as it may be hereafter amended, supplemented or modified from time to time, between the CEO of the Company and the Company). Notwithstanding the foregoing, during the Extension Period, in addition to any other transfers permitted prior to the Extension Period, the CEO of the Company will have the right to transfer, in a single transaction or in multiple transactions from time to time, a number of shares of common stock otherwise subject to the lock-up agreement not to exceed 25% of the total number of shares of common stock in which the CEO of the Company has a legal or beneficial interest as of December 12, 2010.
In connection with the Lion Credit Agreement and the Investment Agreement, the CEO of the Company also entered into a letter agreement, dated March 13, 2009, with the Company and Lion to extend, with respect to the CEO of the Company only, the time period applicable to the non-competition and non-solicitation covenants contained in Section 5.27(a) of the

20

Acquisition Agreement from December 12, 2011 to December 31, 2013, provided that such extension period will terminate upon the earliest to occur of the Trigger Events described above.
On October 28, 2009, the Company entered into a letter agreement among the Company, the CEO of the Company, and Lion, under which the Company and Lion agreed that notwithstanding restrictions on the Company's CEO's ability to transfer shares of the Company's common stock that are subject to the lock-up agreement, dated December 12, 2007, the CEO of the Company has the right to pledge his right, title and interest in, to and under, in a single transaction or in multiple transactions, at any time and from time to time, an aggregate of up to 5,000 of such shares.
In connection with the fifth amendment (see Note 8) to the Lion Credit Agreement, the Company's CEO and Lion entered into a voting agreement ("Voting Agreement") under which the CEO agreed to vote in favor of adjustments to the warrant exercise price upon certain equity events (as defined in the fifth amendment).
Personal Guarantees by the Company’s CEO
As of June 30, 2011, the CEO of the Company has personally guaranteed the obligations of American Apparel under five property leases aggregating $3,574 in obligations.
Lease Agreement Between the Company and a Related Party
In December 2005, the Company entered into an operating lease, which commenced on November 15, 2006, for its knitting facility with a related company (“American Central Plaza, LLC”), which is partially owned by the CEO and the Chief Manufacturing Officer ("CMO") of the Company. The Company's CEO holds an 18.75% ownership interest in American Central Plaza, LLC, while the CMO holds a 6.25% interest. The remaining members of American Central Plaza, LLC are not affiliated with the Company. The lease expires in November 2011, with a five year extension, at the option of the Company. Rent expense was $155 and $311 for both the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

Payments to Morris Charney
Morris Charney, (“Mr. M. Charney”), is the father of the Company's CEO and serves as a director of American Apparel Canada Wholesale Inc. and a director of American Apparel Canada Retail Inc. Day to day operations of these two Canadian subsidiaries are handled by management and other employees of these subsidiaries, none of whom performs any policy making functions for the Company. Management of the Company sets the policies for American Apparel and its subsidiaries as a whole. Mr. M. Charney does not perform any policy making functions for the Company or any of its subsidiaries. Instead, Mr. M. Charney only provides architectural consulting services primarily for stores located in Canada and, in limited cases, in the United States. Mr. M. Charney was paid architectural consulting fees amounting to $51 and $120 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and $57 and $126 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, respectively.
 
 
Note 13. Stockholders' Equity

Sale of Common Stock

On April 26, 2011 the Company entered into a purchase and investment agreement with a group of investors (Investors) and sold approximately 15,777 shares of Common Stock at a price of $0.90 per share and purchase rights to acquire additional shares of common stock for the aggregate net cash purchase price of approximately $12,416. The purchase rights give the Investors the right to purchase up to an aggregate of approximately 27,434 additional shares of Common Stock at that price for a 180-day period, in each case subject to certain topping up and anti-dilution adjustments for additional issuances for cash of Common Stock (or securities exercisable, exchangeable or convertible for Common Stock), prior to the one-year anniversary of the closing date of the transaction, as described in the purchase and investment agreement (the Investor Purchase Rights.) In connection with the purchase agreement with the group of investors on April 26, 2011,which transaction was approved by the Company's stockholders on June 21, 2011, the Company entered into a purchase agreement with Mr. Charney, which among other things (i) allows Mr. Charney to purchase from the Company 778 shares of Common Stock at $0.90 per share, and (ii) the Company grants to Mr. Charney a right to purchase up to 1,556 additional shares of Common Stock on substantially the same terms as the purchase agreement with the Investors dated April 26, 2011 (the Charney Purchase Rights). The Investor Purchase Rights and Charney Purchase Rights (collectively, the Purchase Rights) had a fair value of $15,605 at the date of the agreement, were recorded by the Company as a liability since they met the classification requirements for liability accounting in accordance with ASC 815-40. The fair value was calculated using the Monte Carlo simulation pricing model, and assumed a stock price of $1.58, exercise price of $0.90, volatility of 99.08%, annual risk free rate of .11% and a term of 0.5 years. Net

21

proceeds of $12,416 were allocated entirely to the Purchase Rights. The difference between the net proceeds received and the fair value of the purchase rights aggregating $3,189 were recorded as a charge in the accompanying condensed consolidated statement of operations.
 
The investors were also granted one demand registration right with respect to the purchased shares and one additional demand registration right if their right to purchase additional shares is exercised, in each case exercisable after the four-month anniversary of the closing date of the transaction.

As a condition to the Investors purchasing the shares, the Company provided Mr. Charney with certain anti-dilution rights. The anti-dilution rights provide that the Mr. Charney has a right to receive from the Company, subject to the satisfaction of certain average volume weighted closing price targets, and other terms and conditions set forth in the agreement, up to approximately 38,000 shares of the Company's common stock comprised of (i) up to 12,660 shares of common stock as anti-dilution protection with respect to the initial purchase of shares by the group of investors per the agreement dated April 26, 2011, and (ii) in proportion to the exercise of the purchase right by the same group of investors, an additional up to approximately 25,300 shares of common stock as anti-dilution protection. The Company considers the12,660 shares to be awards with market conditions under ASC 718. Each of the shares associated with the anti-dilution provision are issuable in three equal installments, one per each measurement period set forth below, subject to meeting the applicable average volume weighted closing price (“VWAP ”) for 60 consecutive trading days, calculated as set forth in the purchase agreement with the Mr. Charney as follows: (i) for the measurement period from April 16, 2012 to and including April 15, 2013, if the VWAP of the common stock during a period of 60 consecutive trading days exceeds $3.25 per share; (ii) for the measurement period from but not including April 16, 2013 to and including April 15, 2014, if the VWAP of the common stock during a period of 60 consecutive trading days exceeds $4.25 per share; and (iii) for the measurement period from but not including April 16, 2014 to and including April 15, 2015, the VWAP of the common stock during a period of 60 consecutive trading days exceeds $5.25 per share. The related service and amortization period for the shares occurs in three probability-weighted terms of 1.3, 2.2 and 3.2 years corresponding to the three measurement periods above. These awards expire after completion of each respective measurement period. The fair value of these awards of $7,106 was determined under the Monte Carlo simulation pricing model. The calculation was based on the exercise price of $0, annual interest rate of 1.57%, volatility of 80.65% and no dividends. Total related share-based compensation recognized for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 was $611. The total future compensation cost related to the remaining service periods was $6,495 as of June 30, 2011. The additional 25,300 shares are contingently issuable and are therefore not subject to liability treatment under ASC 815-40.

In connection with the purchase agreement with the Investors, Mr. Charney entered into a voting agreement with the Investors, dated as of April 26, 2011. Pursuant to the voting agreement, the Company received stockholder and NYSE Amex approvals on June 23, 2011 to increase the number of authorized shares by a number sufficient to include the shares issuable pursuant to the purchase agreements with the Investors and Mr. Charney.

On July 7, 2011, the Investors exercised purchase rights and purchased 6,667 shares in a private placement exempt from registration of the Company's Common Stock for $0.90 per share. On July 12, 2011, Mr. Charney exercised rights and purchased 778 shares of Common Stock for $0.90 per share and the Investors exercised additional rights to purchase 1,740 shares of Common Stock for $0.90 per share. These transactions resulted in $8,266 in aggregate proceeds and additional liquidity for the Company. At July 31, 2010 there remains an aggregate of 19,036 purchase right shares available for purchase by the Investors, and 1,556 purchase rights available for Mr. Charney on the same terms and conditions granted to the Investors. In connection with this transaction Mr. Charney received a pro-rata share of the 25,300 anti-dilution rights as discussed above. The issuance of these additional rights will be fair valued and recorded as a charge to compensation expense over the measurement period.

Common Stock Warrants and Purchase Rights

On December 19, 2008, the Company entered into the Ninth Amendment with SOF to extend the maturity date of the SOF Credit Agreement from January 18, 2009 to April 20, 2009. In conjunction with this extension, the Company issued to SOF the SOF Warrant to purchase 1,000 shares of common stock for an exercise price of $3.00 per share, which exercise price is subject to adjustment under certain circumstances. As a result of the issuance of the Lion Warrant on February 18, 2011, the exercise price of the SOF Warrant was adjusted to $2.739 per share. The sale of common stock to a group of investors on April 26, 2011 (as discussed above), resulted in a further reduction to the exercise price of the SOF Warrant to $2.151 per share. The SOF Warrant has a five year term and expires on December 19, 2013. Commencing June 30, 2010 the Company recorded the SOF Warrant as a liability since the warrants met the classification requirements for liability accounting in accordance with ASC 815, Contracts in Entity's Own Equity ("ASC 815").  


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As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the value of the Warrant was estimated to be $245 and $993, respectively, and was recorded in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet. The calculation was based on a contractual remaining term of 2.5 years, exercise price of $2.15, interest rate of 0.62%, volatility of 92.1% and no dividends.

On February 18, 2011, the Company entered into an amendment to the Lion Credit Agreement, which required that the Lion Warrant be amended to among other things, extend the term of the Lion Warrant to February 18, 2018 and to reduce the exercise price of the Lion Warrant to $1.11, as such price may be adjusted from time to time pursuant to the adjustments specified in the Lion Warrant or the Lion Credit Agreement. The amendment to the Lion Warrant was approved by the Company’s stockholders on June 21, 2011. Furthermore, in the event of any issuance and sale of common or preferred stock of the Company or any debt for equity exchange or conversion completed by the Company, in each case either definitively agreed or consummated within 180 days after the effective date of the amendment, the amendment requires the Company to issue to Lion a new warrant to purchase at an exercise price of $1.11, as such price may be adjusted from time to time pursuant to the adjustments specified in the warrant or the Lion Credit Agreement, a number of shares sufficient to preserve its fully-diluted beneficial ownership giving effect to the stock issuance or debt for equity exchange or conversion, as applicable. The amendment also requires such new warrant and the Lion Warrant to be adjusted, if the shares issued in such stock issuance or debt for equity exchange or conversion are issued at a price less than $1.11, to the lowest issuance price in such stock issuance or debt for equity exchange. These provisions expire in August 2011. Upon the effective date of the amendment, the fair value of the existing Lion Warrant was reclassified from stockholders equity to a liability in accordance with ASC 815. The fair value of the Lion Warrant was estimated using the Binomial Lattice option valuation model.

On March 24, 2011, in connection with the sale of the Company's common stock to Mr. Charney, and in accordance with the amendment to the Lion Credit Agreement, the Company issued Lion a new warrant expiring in February 2018 to purchase an aggregate of 760 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $1.11 per share, as such price may be adjusted from time to time pursuant to the adjustments specified in the warrant and the Lion Credit Agreement. Upon the issuance of the New Lion Warrant, the fair value of the warrant of approximately $800 was recorded as a liability in accordance with ASC 815.

On April 26, 2011, in connection with the sale of common stock to a group of investors as described below, the Company entered into a waiver agreement and an amendment to the Lion Credit Agreement which (i) extended the period of the prior amendment, whereby the exercise price may be adjusted or new warrants are required to be issued in certain events, from 180 days to 365 days (the Adjustment Period) and reduced the exercise price of such new warrants from $1.11 to the lesser of $0.90 and the lowest issued price in an issuance of the Company's stock or a debt for equity exchange or a conversion, as applicable; (ii) requires additional new warrants and adjustments in the exercise price for certain stock issuances or debt for equity conversions or exchanges at less than $1.00 per share after the Adjustment Period and prior to repayment of obligation under the Lion Credit Agreement; (iii) reduced the exercise price of the existing warrants from $1.11 to $1.00 per share as a result of the transaction under the April 26, 2011 purchase agreement with the investors; and (iv) required the Company to issue to Lion a new warrant to purchase an aggregate of 3,063 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $1.00 per share, as such price may be adjusted from time to time pursuant to the adjustments specified in the warrant and Lion Credit Agreement. The fair value of the April 26, 2011 Lion Warrant, and the fair value effect of the Lion amendment to reduce the exercise price of its existing warrants, was $4,074 and $962, respectively, and were recorded as liabilities in accordance with ASC 815 with a corresponding increase to debt discount. The fair values were calculated using the Monte Carlo simulation pricing model, and assume a stock price of $1.58, exercise price of $1.00, volatility of 77.44%, annual risk free rate of 2.71% and a term of 6.8 years. The discount will be amortized over the remaining term of the Lion Credit Agreement.

As of June 30, 2011, the fair value of the Lion Warrants was estimated to be $13,437 and was recorded as a liability in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet using the Binomial Lattice option valuation model.

As of June 30, 2011, the fair value of the Investor and Charney Purchase Rights using the Monte Carlo simulation model aggregated $5,826 and was recorded as recorded as a liability in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet. The calculation was based on a contractual remaining term of 0.3 years, interest rate of 0.05%, volatility of 104.9% and no dividends.

On July 7 and July 12, 2011, and in connection with the sale of the Company's common stock to the Investors and Mr. Charney, the Company issued Lion new warrants to purchase an aggregate of 1,783 shares of common stock expiring February 2018 at an exercise price of $1.00 per share, as such price may be adjusted from time to time pursuant to the adjustments specified in the warrant and the Lion Credit Agreement.

The following table summarizes common stock warrants and Purchase Rights issued, forfeited, expired and outstanding:


23

 
 
 
Warrants
 
 
 
 
 
Purchase Rights
 
 
 
 
Number of Shares
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price
 
Weighted Average Contractual Life (Years)
 
Number of Shares
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price
 
Weighted Average Contractual Life (Years)
 
Outstanding - January 1, 2011
17,000

 
$
2.05

 
5.1

 

 
$

 

 
Issued
35,823

 
1.06

 
6.7

 
28,999

 
0.90

 
0.3

 
Forfeited (1)
(32,000
)
 
1.58

 

 

 
$

 
 
 
Expired

 

 

 

 
$

 
 
 
Outstanding - June 30, 2011
20,823

 
$
1.05

 
6.5

 
28,999

 
$
0.90

 
0.3

 
Fair value - June 30, 2011
$
13,682

 
 
 
 
 
$
5,825

 
 
 
 
 

(1) The 35,000 forfeited warrants represents shares repriced during the quarters ended March 31,2011 and June 30, 2011.

During July 2011 an additional 8,407 Purchase Rights were exercised.
Sale of Common Stock to the Company's CEO

On March 24, 2011, the Company entered into, and closed the transactions under, a purchase agreement pursuant to which (i) Mr. Charney purchased an aggregate of 1,802 shares of the Company's Common Stock at a price of $1.11 per share for approximately $2,000 and (ii) the three promissory notes issued by two subsidiaries of the Company to Mr. Charney, which as of March 24, 2011 had an aggregate of approximately $4,700 book value , were canceled in exchange for an issuance of an aggregate balance of 4,223 shares of the Company's Common Stock to Mr. Charney at a price of $1.11 per share with 50% of such shares issuable to Mr. Charney only if prior to March 24, 2014, the closing sale price of Common Stock exceeds $3.50 for 30 consecutive trading days or there is a change of control of the Company.

 
Share-Based Compensation
On December 12, 2007, the stockholders approved the 2007 Performance Equity Plan (as amended, the “2007 Plan”). The 2007 Plan authorizes the granting of a variety of incentive awards, the exercise or vesting of which would allow up to an aggregate of 11,000 shares of the Company's common stock to be acquired by the holders of such awards. The purpose of the 2007 Plan is to enable the Company to offer its employees, officers, directors and consultants whose past, present and/or potential contributions to the Company has been, are or will be important to the success of the Company, an opportunity to acquire a proprietary interest in the Company. The 2007 Plan provides for various types of incentive awards including, but not limited to: incentive stock options, non-qualifying stock options, reload stock options, restricted stock and stock appreciation rights. The 2007 Plan enables the compensation committee to exercise its discretion to determine virtually all terms of each grant, which allows the Company to respond to changes in compensation practices, tax laws, accounting regulations and the size and diversity of its business. As of June 30, 2011, 69 shares of the Company's common stock are available for future grants under the 2007 Plan.
The 2007 Plan provides for each of the Company's non-employee directors to automatically receive an annual stock grant, equal to the number of shares of the Company's common stock having an aggregate market value of $75, at the beginning of each year of Board service.
On January 19, 2010, the Company issued the annual stock grant to each non-employee director of approximately 22 shares of common stock, based upon the closing price of $3.45 per share. Messrs. Capps and Richardson, two directors who were also representatives of Lion Capital, each agreed to forgo receipt of annual stock grant having an aggregate market value of $75 at the time of grant.



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For the six months ended June 30, 2011, a $75 cash award was paid to five non-employee directors in lieu of the annual stock grant and is reflected in operating expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.

The following table summarizes shares of restricted stock that were granted, vested, forfeited and outstanding:

 
Number of Restricted Shares (in thousands)
 
Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value
Weighted Average Remaining Vesting Period (in years)
Non-vested - January 1, 2011
5,050

 
$
1.53

3.9

Granted
336

 
0.98


Vested
(968
)
 
1.34


Forfeited
(90
)
 
1.53


Non-vested - June 30, 2011
4,328

 
$
1.53

3.4


The following table summarizes stock options granted, forfeited, expired and outstanding:
 
Number of Shares (in thousands)
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price
 
Weighted Average Remaining Life (Years)
 
Aggregate Intrinsic Value
Outstanding - January 1, 2011
1,000

 
$
1.75

 
3.75

 
 
Granted

 

 

 
 
Forfeited

 

 

 
 
Expired

 

 

 
 
Outstanding - June 30, 2011
1,000

 
$
0.13

 
2.33

 
 
Vested (exercisable) - June 30, 2011
250

 
$
1.75

 

 
$

Non-vested (exercisable) - June 30, 2011
750

 
$
1.75

 
2.33

 
$



On February 16, 2010, Compensation Committee awarded 515 shares of the Company's common stock (fully vested and not subject to any restrictions or conditions), having an aggregate value of $1,400, to eligible employees in all operating segments of the Company. Charges for the award are included in cost of sales and in operating expenses in the accompanying statement of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2010. Of the $1,400, approximately $500 was withheld for the payment of employee tax withholding and employee portion of payroll taxes and 303 shares with an aggregate value of $851 were issued to employees. The net share settlement is deemed to be a repurchase by the Company of its common stock. The value of the stock award was determined based upon the February 16, 2010 closing price per share of $2.80.
On November 26, 2010, the Board of Directors of the Company approved the grant of 6,533 restricted shares of Common Stock to executive and non-executive management employees and certain consultants to the Company. The Company paid the withholding and payroll taxes due with respect to the vested portion of the share grants on behalf of the employees that received the grants, and recognized compensation expense in the fourth quarter of 2010 of approximately $3,600 related to the grants, of which $2,093 related to stock compensation and $1,500 related to payroll taxes.
On October 7, 2010, the Board of Directors approved the grant of 1,000 stock options and 500 restricted shares to Mr. Thomas M. Casey, acting President ("Mr. Casey"). However, the restricted shares were not issued to Mr. Casey due to unavailable authorized shares under the 2007 Plan. There is a mutual agreement between Mr. Casey and the Company that these shares will be issued as they become available and will be recorded in accrued expenses until there is a measurement date. The vesting period for the options and restricted shares occurs in four equal installments on each of January 1, 2011,

25

2012, 2013 and 2014. The options and restricted shares expire on the tenth anniversary of issuance. The fair value of the stock options of $773 was determined under the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The calculation was based on the exercise price of $1.75, an expected term of 6.25 years using the simplified method, interest rate of 1.08%, volatility of 85.76% and no dividends. The fair value of the restricted shares of $580 was determined based upon the October 7, 2010 closing price per share of $1.16. Total stock compensation recognized for Mr. Casey's stock options and restricted shares was $422. On May 20, 2011 Mr. Casey was issued 125 restricted shares that vested upon grant that became available under the 2007 Plan. The total future compensation cost related to theses unvested share-based awards that are expected to vest was $435 as of June 30, 2011, which will be recognized over the next 3 years, subject to Mr. Casey's continued employment. As discussed below, on July 11, 2008 the Company registered additional shares sufficient to allow the grant to Mr. Casey.
On February 3, 2011, the Board of Directors approved the grant of 700 stock options and 350 restricted shares to Mr. John Luttrell, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer ("Mr. Luttrell"). There is a mutual agreement between Mr. Luttrell and the Company that these shares and stock options will be issued as they become available and will be recorded in accrued expenses until there is a measurement date. The vesting period for the options and restricted shares occurs in four equal installments on each of the grant date and each January 1, 2012, 2013 and 2014, subject to Mr. Lutrell's continued employment. The options expire on the tenth anniversary of issuance. As discussed below, on July 11, 2011 the Company registered additional shares sufficient to allow the grant to Mr. Luttrell.
On March 21, 2011, the Board of Directors approved the grant of restricted shares having a value of $600 to Mr. Martin Staff, Chief Business Development Officer ("Mr. Staff"), each year over the next three years. There is a mutual agreement between Mr. Staff and the Company that these shares will be issued as they become available and will be recorded in accrued expenses until there is a measurement date. The restricted shares will vest in full on March 21 in the year following the year such shares are granted, subject to Mr. Staff's continued employment. These restricted stock awards are classified as a derivative liability because they embody an obligation to issue a variable number of shares for a fixed monetary amount. In accordance with the availability of authorized shares per the Plan, these restricted stock awards have not been granted. There is a mutual agreement between the Company and Mr. Staff that these shares will be issued as they become available. Upon issuance and full vesting, the Company will reclassify this liability to additional paid-in capital. As discussed below, on July 11, 2011 the Company registered additional shares sufficient to allow the grant to Mr. Staff.
On May 20 and June 21, 2011 the Board of Directors approved the grant of 162 and 174, respectively, restricted shares to certain Company employees, including 125 shares to Mr. Casey as discussed above. The restricted shares have a value of $329 and vested upon grant.
On June 21, 2011 the Company's Board of Directors and stockholders approved the American Apparel, Inc. 2011 Omnibus Stock Incentive Plan (the “2011 Plan”). The purpose of the 2011 Plan is to provide an incentive to selected employees, directors, independent contractors, and consultants of the Company or its affiliates, and provides that the Company may grant options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, and other stock-based and cash-based awards. In addition, the Board amended the 2007 Plan to provide that as of the effective date of registration of the 2011 Plan shares, no new awards shall be made under the 2007 Plan, and any and all shares that would otherwise become available for issuance under the terms of the 2007 Plan by reason of the expiration, cancellation, forfeiture or termination of an outstanding award under such plan shall again be available for grant under the 2011 Plan as of the date of such expiration, cancellation, forfeiture or termination. On July 8, 2011 the Company filed Form S-8 to register 10,000 shares of common stock which registration was made effective July 11, 2011 to be reserved and made available for issuance pursuant to awards granted under the 2011 Plan.
On June 21, 2011 the Company's stockholders approved an amendment to the Company’s Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation to increase the number of authorized shares of the Common Stock from 120,000 to 230,000.
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, the Company recorded compensation expense of $1,574 and $2,445 , respectively, and $0 and $1,763 for three and six months ended June 30, 2010, respectively, related to its vested share-based compensation awards. No amounts have been capitalized.
As of June 30, 2011, unrecorded compensation cost related to non-vested awards of $13,164 is expected to be recognized from 2011 through 2014.

A summary of the potential stock issuances under various options, warrants and other agreements that could have a dilutive effect on the shares outstanding as of June 30, 2011 are as follows:

26

 
 
 
SOF Warrants
 
1,000

Lion Warrants
 
19,823

Lion Warrants issued in July 2011
 
1,783

Investor Purchase Option shares - purchased in July 2011 (1)
 
8,407

Investor Purchase Option shares remaining after July 2011 purchase (1)
 
19,036

Shares issuable to Mr. Charney based on market conditions
 
12,660

Contingently issuable shares to Mr. Charney (1)
 
25,340

Purchase Option shares purchased by Mr. Charney in July 2011
 
778

Mr. Charney Purchase Option shares remaining after July 2011 purchase (1)
 
1,556

Contingent Shares - Mr. Charney
 
2,111

Employee Options & Restricted Shares (2)
 
8,862

 
 
101,356

(1) Pursuant to the April 26, 2011 Investor purchase agreement (2) Assumes 2,002 shares issued under the Martin Staff agreement at the Company's closing share price of $0.89 per share at June 30, 2011
 
 


The table above does not include additional warrants that may be issuable to Lion pursuant to the anti-dilution provisions under the Lion Credit Agreement with respect to Mr. Charney's initial shares in the event certain purchase options are exercised or contingent and anti-dilutive compensatory shares are issued to Mr. Charney.

Note 14. Commitments and Contingencies

Operating Leases

The Company conducts retail operations under operating leases, which expire at various dates through September 2022. The Company's primary manufacturing facilities and executive offices are currently under a long-term lease which expires on July 31, 2019. Operating lease rent expense (including real estate taxes and common area maintenance costs) was $19,906 and $20,768 for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively, and $39,262 and $42,059 for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The Company did not incur any significant contingent rent during these periods. Rent expense is allocated to cost of sales (for production-related activities) and operating expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Sales Tax
The Company sells its products through its wholesale business, retail stores and the internet. The Company operates these channels separately and accounts for sales and use tax accordingly. The Company is periodically audited by state taxing authorities and it is possible they may disagree with the Company's method of assessing and remitting these taxes. The Company believes that it properly assesses and remits all applicable state sales taxes in the applicable jurisdictions and has accrued approximately $1,054 as of June 30, 2011 and $1,106 as of December 31, 2010 for state sales tax contingencies that require recognition under ASC 450 - “Contingencies.”
Advertising
At June 30, 2011, the Company had approximately $2,108 of open advertising commitments, which primarily relate to print advertisements in various newspapers and magazines during the remainder of 2011.

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
During fiscal 2009, 51 former employees, who were identified by ICE and terminated by the Company due to their inability to resolve discrepancies in their work records, or present valid identification and documents verifying their eligibility to work in the United States, filed workers' compensation claims after or around the time of their termination. The Company declined these claims due to the belief that the claimants sought compensation due to loss of employment as opposed to employment-related injury. After declination of such claims by the Company, each of the claimants filed legal claims to

27

override the declination of such claims by the Company. The Company intends to vigorously defend itself from these claims.

Due to the unusual and infrequent circumstances of these claims, the Company is administering and preparing to litigate the claims outside of its workers' compensation program. The Company has evaluated the expected ultimate settlement of these claims separately from the other claims under its workers' compensation program and accrued $1,205 and $1,443 for the estimated exposure, which is included in accrued expenses as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively, in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets (see Note 6).

Receipt of NYSE Amex LLC Letter Relating to Audit Committee and Board Composition Non-Compliance
 
On July 11, 2011, the Company received a letter from the NYSE Amex LLC (the “Exchange”) relating to the composition of the Company's Audit Committee and Board of Directors.  The letter from the Exchange states that (i) the Company is not in compliance with Section 803(B)(2)(a) of the NYSE Amex Company Guide (the “Company Guide”), which requires that the Audit Committee consist of at least three members, and (ii) the Company's Board of Directors has a structure which is not in compliance with Section 802(d) of the Company Guide, which the Exchange interprets as requiring that classes of a classified board be of approximately equal size and that a majority of directors be elected every two years.

As a result of resignations of certain of the Company's directors previously disclosed by the Company, the Company's Audit Committee currently consists of two members instead of three members as required by the rules of the Exchange, and the Company's Board of Directors currently consists of three Class A directors, one Class B director (with two Class B vacancies reserved for the designees of Lion/Hollywood L.L.C), and two Class C directors (with one Class C vacancy).

The letter from the Exchange provides that the Company has until the earlier of the Company's next annual meeting of stockholders or July 1, 2012 (or if the next annual meeting is held before January 9, 2012, until January 9, 2012), to regain compliance with the Exchange's standards.  The Company intends to fill the vacancy on the Audit Committee and realign the Company's Board of Directors in accordance with the Exchange's standards as expeditiously as possible prior to the expiration of the cure period.



Note 15. Workers' Compensation and Other Self-Insurance Reserves
The Company uses a combination of third-party insurance and/or self-insurance for a number of risks including workers’ compensation, medical benefits provided to employees, and general liability claims. General liability costs relate primarily to litigation that arises from store operations. Self-insurance reserves include estimates of both filed claims carried at their expected ultimate settlement value and claims incurred but not yet reported. The Company’s estimated claim amounts are discounted using a rate of 1.76% with a duration that approximates the duration of the Company’s self-insurance reserve portfolio. The Company’s liability reflected on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets represents an estimate of the ultimate cost of claims incurred as of the balance sheet dates. In estimating this liability, the Company utilizes loss development factors based on Company-specific data to project the future development of incurred losses. Loss estimates are adjusted based upon actual claim settlements and reported claims. These projections are subject to a high degree of variability based upon future inflation rates, litigation trends, legal interpretations, benefit level changes and claim settlement patterns. Although the Company does not expect the amounts ultimately paid to differ significantly from its estimates, self-insurance reserves could be affected if future claim experience differs significantly from the historical trends and the assumptions applied.
The workers' compensation liability is based on an estimate of losses for claims incurred, but not paid at the end of the period. Funding is made directly to the providers and/or claimants by the insurance company. To guarantee performance under the workers' compensation program, as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the Company had issued standby letters of credit in the amounts of $5,492 and $6,666, respectively, in favor of two insurance company beneficiaries. At June 30, 2011, the Company recorded a total reserve of $12,974, of which $3,271is included in accrued expenses and $9,703 is included in other long-term liabilities on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. At December 31, 2010, the Company recorded a total reserve of $9,092, of which, $2,408 is included in accrued expenses and $6,684 is included in other long-term liabilities on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. These reserves for potential losses on existing claims are believed to be for potential losses which are probable and reasonably estimable.
The medical benefit liability is based on estimated losses for claims incurred, but not paid at the end of the period. Funding is made directly to the providers and/or claimants by a third party claim administrator. At June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the Company's total reserve of $1,917 and $1,853, respectively, was included in accrued expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.

28


Note 16. Business Segment and Geographic Area Information
The Company reports the following four operating segments: U.S. Wholesale, U.S. Retail, Canada, and International. The Company believes this method of segment reporting reflects both the way its business segments are managed and the way the performance of each segment is evaluated. The U.S. Wholesale segment consists of the Company's wholesale operations of sales of undecorated apparel products to distributors and third party screen printers in the United States, as well as the Company's online consumer sales to U.S. customers. The U.S. Retail segment consists of the Company's retail operations in the United States, which was comprised of 146 retail stores operating in the United States, as of June 30, 2011. The Canada segment includes retail, wholesale and online consumer operations in Canada. As of June 30, 2011, the retail operations in the Canada segment were comprised of 38 retail stores. The International segment includes retail, wholesale and online consumer operations outside of the United States and Canada. As of June 30, 2011, the retail operations in the International segment were comprised of 70 retail stores operating outside of the United States and Canada in 18 countries. All of the Company's retail stores sell the Company's apparel products directly to consumers.
The Company's management evaluates performance based on a number of factors; however, the primary measures of performance are net sales and income or loss from operations of each business segment, as these are the key performance indicators reviewed by management. Operating income or loss for each segment does not include unallocated corporate general and administrative expenses, interest expense and other miscellaneous income/expense items. Corporate general and administrative expenses include, but are not limited to: human resources, legal, finance, information technology, accounting, executive compensation and various other corporate level expenses. Such unallocated expenses remain within corporate.


29

The following table represents key financial information of the Company's reportable segments before unallocated corporate expenses:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2011
 
U.S. Wholesale 
 
U.S. Retail
 
Canada
 
International
 
Consolidated
Wholesale net sales
$
32,945

 
$

 
$
3,338

 
$
2,785

 
$
39,068

Retail net sales

 
40,359

 
10,582

 
32,853

 
83,794

Online consumer net sales
5,194

 

 
444

 
4,304

 
9,942

Total net sales to external customers
38,139

 
40,359

 
14,364

 
39,942

 
132,804

Gross profit
10,533

 
27,685

 
8,075

 
26,133

 
72,426

Income (loss) from operations
5,094

 
(1,510
)
 
(547
)
 
3,900

 
6,937

Depreciation and amortization
2,015

 
2,592

 
409

 
1,333

 
6,349

Capital expenditures
301

 
1,645

 
53

 
165

 
2,164

Retail store impairment charges

 
68

 

 
934

 
1,002

Deferred rent (benefit) expense
(84
)
 
(127
)
 
(414
)
 
78

 
(547
)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2010
 
U.S. Wholesale
 
U.S. Retail
 
Canada
 
International
 
Consolidated
Wholesale net sales
$
34,402

 
$

 
$
3,340

 
$
3,122

 
$
40,864

Retail net sales

 
42,741

 
12,477

 
28,559

 
83,777

Online consumer net sales
4,658

 

 
444
 
2,990

 
8,092

Net sales to external customers
39,060

 
42,741

 
16,261

 
34,671

 
132,733

Gross profit
7,093

 
28,313

 
10,023

 
23,056

 
68,485

Income (loss) from operations
752

 
(3,441
)
 
467

 
1,257

 
(965
)
Depreciation and amortization
2,320

 
2,650

 
599

 
1,730

 
7,299

Capital expenditures
1,648

 
1,800

 
384

 
484

 
4,316

Retail store impairment charges

 
687

 
235

 
485

 
1,407

Deferred rent expense (benefit)
117

 
469

 
(8
)
 
275

 
853


 

30

 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011
 
U.S. Wholesale 
 
U.S. Retail
 
Canada
 
International
 
Consolidated
Wholesale net sales
$
62,061

 
$

 
$
5,753

 
$
4,654

 
$
72,468

Retail net sales

 
77,379

 
20,302

 
58,814

 
156,495

Online consumer net sales
10,728

 

 
937

 
8,243

 
19,908

Total net sales to external customers
72,789

 
77,379

 
26,992

 
71,711

 
248,871

Gross profit
21,621

 
52,424

 
16,031

 
45,988

 
136,064

Income (loss) from operations
11,537

 
(6,505
)
 
(1,427
)
 
2,279

 
5,884

Depreciation and amortization
4,182

 
5,288

 
842

 
2,671

 
12,983

Capital expenditures
1,341

 
2,679

 
132

 
575

 
4,727

Retail store impairment charges

 
177

 
2

 
1,473

 
1,652

Deferred rent expense (benefit)
152

 
(1,046
)
 
(436
)
 
(48
)
 
(1,378
)
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2010
 
U.S. Wholesale
 
U.S. Retail
 
Canada
 
International
 
Consolidated
Wholesale net sales
$
63,808

 
$

 
$
5,856

 
$
6,087

 
$
75,751

Retail net sales

 
83,634

 
23,781

 
55,519

 
162,934

Online consumer net sales
9,081

 

 
839
 
5,942

 
15,862

Net sales to external customers
72,889

 
83,634

 
30,476

 
67,548

 
254,547

Gross profit
12,413

 
56,972

 
19,033

 
41,207

 
129,625

Income (loss) from operations
57

 
(7,817
)
 
918

 
(4,393
)
 
(11,235
)
Depreciation and amortization
4,621

 
5,268

 
1,164

 
3,362

 
14,415

Capital expenditures
2,832

 
2,895

 
697

 
834

 
7,258

Retail store impairment charges

 
2,661

 
477

 
2,460

 
5,598

Deferred rent expense
236

 
1,191

 
2

 
406

 
1,835


Reconciliation of reportable segments combined loss from operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 to the consolidated loss before income taxes is as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011

2010
 
2011

2010
Consolidated income (loss) from operations of reportable segments
6,937

 
$
(965
)
 
5,884

 
(11,235
)
Unallocated corporate expenses
(12,161
)
 
(7,596
)
 
(24,198
)
 
(18,883
)
Interest expense
(7,752
)
 
(5,682
)
 
(14,883
)
 
(10,728
)
Foreign currency transaction gain (loss)
263

 
(1,927
)
 
1,074

 
(2,684
)
Unrealized gain (loss) on change in fair value of warrants and purchase rights
13,000

 
(1,034
)
 
15,100

 
(1,034
)
Loss on extinguishment of debt

 

 
(3,114
)
 

Other income
20

 
355

 
55

 
201

Consolidated income (loss) before income taxes
$
307

 
$
(16,849
)
 
$
(20,082
)
 
$
(44,363
)
 

31

Net sales by geographic location of customer for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011

2010
 
2011

2010
United States
$
78,498

 
$
81,801

 
$
150,168

 
$
156,523

Canada
14,364

 
16,261

 
26,992

 
30,476

Europe (excluding United Kingdom)
18,200

 
16,907

 
32,902

 
34,283

United Kingdom
9,638

 
7,740

 
17,411

 
14,437

South Korea
2,689

 
2,525

 
4,738

 
4,696

Japan
3,471

 
2,815

 
5,949

 
5,257

Australia
3,208

 
2,457

 
5,721

 
4,443

Other foreign countries
2,736

 
2,227

 
4,990

 
4,432

Total consolidated net sales
$
132,804

 
$
132,733

 
$
248,871

 
$
254,547

Long-lived assets - Property and equipment, net, by geographic location is summarized as follows:
 
 
June 30, 2011
 
December 31, 2010
United States
$
55,412

 
$
61,754

Canada
5,677

 
7,063

Europe (excluding the United Kingdom)
6,474

 
6,257

United Kingdom
5,267

 
5,784

South Korea
381

 
394

Japan
1,101

 
1,290

Australia
1,270

 
1,311

Other foreign countries
1,485

 
1,547

Total Consolidated Long-Lived Assets
$
77,067

 
$
85,400

 
 
 
 
Identifiable assets by reportable segment:
 
 
 
U.S. Wholesale
$
142,285

 
$
129,948

U.S. Retail
83,831

 
92,931

Canada
35,640

 
32,876

International
69,907

 
72,195

Total
$
331,663

 
$
327,950


Foreign subsidiaries accounted for the following percentages of assets and total liabilities:
 
 
June 30, 2011
 
December 31, 2010
Total assets
31.3
%
 
32.0
%
Total liabilities
10.6
%
 
13.7
%
 


32

Note 17. Litigation

The Company is subject to various claims and contingencies in the ordinary course of its business, including those related to litigation, business transactions, employee-related matters and taxes, and others. When the Company is aware of a claim or potential claim, it assesses the likelihood of any loss or exposure. If it is probable that a loss will result and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated, the Company will record a liability for the loss. In addition to the estimated loss, the recorded liability includes probable and estimable legal costs associated with the claim or potential claim. There is no assurance that such matters will not materially and adversely affect the Company's business, financial position, and results of operations or cash flows.

On or about September 19, 2005, Ms. Mary Nelson, an independent contractor in the sales department at American Apparel, commenced a lawsuit (Mary Nelson v. American Apparel, Inc., et al., Case No. BC333028 filed in Superior Court of the State of California for the County of Los Angeles, Central District) (the “Nelson Action”) wherein she alleges she was wrongfully terminated, was subjected to harassment and discrimination based upon her gender and other claims related to her tenure at the Company. The parties are engaged in ongoing arbitration of this suit. Until arbitration proceedings are final, the ultimate costs could change. The insurance carrier for the Company has asserted that it is not obligated to provide coverage for this proceeding. The Company has accrued an estimate for this loss contingency in its accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2011. The Company may have an exposure to loss in excess of the amounts accrued, however, an estimate of such potential loss cannot be made at this time, and no assurance can be made that this matter either individually or together with the potential for similar suits and reputational harm, will not result in a material financial exposure, larger than the Company's estimate, which could have a material adverse effect upon the Company's financial condition and results of operations.
On February 7, 2006, Sylvia Hsu, a former employee of the Company, filed a Charge of Discrimination with the Los Angeles District Office of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”) (Hsu v. American Apparel: Charge No. 480- 2006-00418), alleging that she was subjected to sexual harassment by a co-worker and constructively discharged as a result of the sexual harassment and a hostile working environment. On March 9, 2007, the EEOC expanded the scope of its investigation to other employees of the Company who may have been sexually harassed. On August 9, 2010, the EEOC issued a written determination finding that reasonable cause exists to believe the Company discriminated against Ms. Hsu and women, as a class, on the basis of their female gender, by subjecting them to sexual harassment. No finding was made on the issue of Ms. Hsu's alleged constructive discharge. In its August 19, 2010 written determination, the EEOC has invited the parties to engage in informal conciliation. If the parties are unable to reach a settlement which is acceptable to the EEOC, the EEOC will advise the parties of the court enforcement alternatives available to Ms. Hsu, aggrieved persons, and the EEOC. The insurance carrier for the Company has asserted that it is not obligated to provide coverage for this proceeding. The Company has not recorded a provision for this matter and intends to work cooperatively with the EEOC to resolve the claim in a manner acceptable to all parties. The Company does not at this time believe that any settlement will involve the payment of damages in an amount that would be material to and adversely affect the Company's business, financial position, and results of operations and cash flows.
On November 5, 2009, Guillermo Ruiz, a former employee of the Company, filed suit against the Company on behalf of putative classes of all current and former non-exempt California employees (Guillermo Ruiz, on behalf of himself and all others similarly situated v. American Apparel, Inc., Case Number BC425487) in the Superior Court of the State of California for the County of Los Angeles, alleging the Company failed to pay certain wages due for hours worked, to provide meal and rest periods or compensation in lieu thereof and to pay wages due upon termination to certain of its employees. The complaint further alleges that the Company failed to comply with certain itemized employee wage statement provisions and unfair competition law. The plaintiff is seeking compensatory damages and economic and/or special damages in an unspecified amount; premium pay, wages and penalties; injunctive relief and restitution; and reimbursement for attorneys' fees, interest and the costs of the suit. The parties are engaged in ongoing settlement discussions jointly with Antonio Partida, Emilie Truong and Jessica Heupel (the cases described below) in an effort to reach a global settlement of all claims asserted in these actions. No assurances can be made that a settlement can be reached. If a settlement is not reached, then Plaintiff's claims will be adjudicated through the arbitration process. The Company does not have insurance coverage for this matter. Should the matter be decided against the Company, the Company could not only incur substantial liability but also experience an increase in similar suits and suffer reputational harm. The Company has accrued an estimate for this loss contingency in its accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2011. The Company may have an exposure to loss in excess of the amounts accrued, however, an estimate of such potential loss cannot be made at this time. Moreover, no assurance can be made that this matter either individually or together with the potential for similar suits and reputational harm, will not result in a material financial exposure, larger than the Company's estimate, which could have a material adverse effect upon the Company's financial condition and results of operations.

33

On June 21, 2010, Antonio Partida, a former employee of the Company, filed suit against the Company on behalf of putative classes of current and former non-exempt California employees (Antonio Partida, on behalf of himself and all others similarly situated v. American Apparel (USA), LLC, Case No. 30-2010-00382719-CU-OE-CXC) in the Superior Court of the State of California for the County of Orange, alleging the Company failed to pay certain wages for hours worked, to provide meal and rest periods or compensation in lieu thereof, and to pay wages due upon separation. The complaint further alleges that the Company failed to timely pay wages, unlawfully deducted wages and failed to comply with certain itemized employee wage statement provisions and unfair competition law. The plaintiff is seeking compensatory damages and economic and/or special damages in an unspecified amount, premium pay, wages and penalties, injunctive relief and restitution, and reimbursement of attorneys' fees, interest and the costs of the suit. The parties are engaged in ongoing settlement discussions jointly with Guillermo Ruiz (the case described above) and Emilie Truong and Jessica Heupel (the cases described below) in an effort to reach a global settlement of all claims asserted in these actions. No assurances can be made that a settlement can be reached. If a settlement is not reached, then Plaintiff's claims will be adjudicated through the arbitration process. There is no known insurance coverage for this matter. Should the matter be decided against the Company, the Company could not only incur substantial liability but also experience an increase in similar suits and suffer reputational harm. The Company has accrued an estimate for this loss contingency in its accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2011. The Company may have an exposure to loss in excess of the amounts accrued, however, an estimate of such potential loss cannot be made at this time. Moreover, no assurance can be made that this matter either individually or together with the potential for similar suits and reputational harm, will not result in a material financial exposure, larger than the Company's estimate, which could have a material adverse effect upon the Company's financial condition and results of operations.
On or about December 2, 2010, Emilie Truong, a former employee of the Company, filed suit against the Company on behalf of putative classes of current and former non-exempt California employees (Emilie Truong, individually and on behalf of all others similarly situated v. American Apparel, Inc. and American Apparel LLC, Case No. BC450505) in the Superior Court of the State of California for the County of Los Angeles, alleging the Company failed to timely provide final paychecks upon separation. Plaintiff is seeking unspecified premium wages, attorneys' fees and costs, disgorgement of profits, and an injunction against the alleged unlawful practices. The parties are engaged in ongoing settlement discussions jointly with Guillermo Ruiz and Anthony Partida (the cases described above) and Jessica Heupel (the case described below) in an effort to reach a global settlement of all claims asserted in these actions. No assurances can be made that a settlement can be reached. If a settlement is not reached, then Plaintiff's claims will be adjudicated through the arbitration process. There is no known insurance coverage for this matter. Should the matter be decided against the Company, the Company could not only incur substantial liability, but also experience an increase in similar suits and suffer reputational harm. The Company is unable to predict the financial outcome of these matters at this time, and any views formed as to the viability of these claims or the financial exposure which could result may change from time to time as the matters proceed through their course. However, no assurance can be made that these matters, either individually or together with the potential for similar suits and reputational harm, will not result in a material financial exposure, which could have a material adverse effect upon the Company's financial condition and results of operations.
  
On or about February 9, 2011, Jessica Heupel, a former retail employee filed suit on behalf of putative classes of current and former non-exempt California employees (Jessica Heupel, individually and on behalf of all others similarly situated v. American Apparel Retail, Inc., Case No. 37-2011-00085578-CU-OE-CTL) in the San Diego Superior Court of the State of California, alleging the Company failed to pay certain wages for hours worked, to provide meal and rest periods or compensation in lieu thereof, and to pay wages due upon separation. The plaintiff is seeking monetary damages as follows: (1) for alleged meal and rest period violations; (2) for alleged failure to timely pay final wages, as well as for punitive damages for the same; and (3) unspecified damages for unpaid minimum wage and overtime. In addition, Plaintiff seeks premium pay, wages and penalties, injunctive relief and restitution, and reimbursement of attorneys' fees, interest and the costs of the suit. The parties are engaged in ongoing settlement discussions jointly with Guillermo Ruiz, Anthony Partida, and Emilie Truong (the cases described above) in an effort to reach a global settlement of all claims asserted in these actions. No assurances can be made that a settlement can be reached. If a settlement is not reached, then Plaintiff's claims will be adjudicated through the arbitration process. There is no known insurance coverage for this matter. Should the matter be decided against the Company, the Company could not only incur substantial liability, but also experience an increase in similar suits and suffer reputational harm. The Company is unable to predict the financial outcome of these matters at this time, and any views formed as to the viability of these claims or the financial exposure which could result may change from time to time as the matters proceed through their course. However, no assurance can be made that these matters, either individually or together with the potential for similar suits and reputational harm, will not result in a material financial exposure, which could have a material adverse effect upon the Company's financial condition and results of operations.

Two shareholder derivative lawsuits, entitled Nikolai Grigoriev v. Dov Charney, et al., Case No. CV106576 GAF (JCx) (the “Grigoriev Action”) and Andrew Smukler v. Dov Charney, et al., Case No. CV107518 RSWL (FFMx) (the “Smukler

34

Action”), were filed in the United States District Court for the Central District of California on September 2, 2010 and October 7, 2010, respectively, and four shareholder derivative lawsuits, entitled John L. Smith v. Dov Charney, et al., Case No. BC 443763 (the "Smith Action"), Lisa Kim v. Dov Charney, et al., Case No. BC 443902 (the "Kim Action"), Teresa Lankford v. Dov Charney, et al., Case No. BC 445094 (the "Lankford Action"), and Wesley Norris v. Dov Charney, et al., Case No. BC 447890 (the "Norris Action") were filed in the Superior Court of the State of California, County of Los Angeles on August 16, 2010, September 3, 2010, September 7, 2010, and October 21, 2010, respectively, by persons identifying themselves as American Apparel shareholders and purporting to act on behalf of American Apparel, naming American Apparel as a nominal defendant and certain current and former officers, directors, and executives of the Company as defendants. Plaintiffs in the Grigoriev Action, Smukler Action, Smith Action, Kim Action, and Norris Action allege causes of action for breach of fiduciary duty arising out of (i) the Company's alleged failure to maintain adequate accounting and internal control policies and procedures; and (ii) the Company's alleged violation of state and federal immigration laws in connection with the previously disclosed termination of over 1,500 employees following an Immigration and Customs Enforcement inspection. The Lankford Action alleges seven causes of action for breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, abuse of control, gross mismanagement, and waste of corporate assets also arising out of (i) the Company's alleged failure to maintain adequate accounting and internal control policies and procedures; and (ii) the Company's alleged violation of state and federal immigration laws in connection with the previously disclosed termination of over 1,500 employees following an Immigration and Customs Enforcement inspection. On November 4, 2010, the four lawsuits filed in the Superior Court of the State of California were consolidated for all purposes into a case entitled In re American Apparel, Inc. Shareholder Derivative Litigation, Lead Case No. BC 443763 (the "State Derivative Action"). On November 12, 2010, the two lawsuits filed in the United States District Court for the Central District of California were consolidated for all purposes into a case entitled In re American Apparel, Inc. Shareholder Derivative Litigation, Lead Case No. CV106576 (the “Federal Derivative Action”). On April 12, 2011, the Court issued an order staying the State Derivative Action on the grounds that the case is duplicative of the Federal Derivative Action, as well as the putative securities class action currently pending in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California (see below). Plaintiffs in each of the derivative cases seek damages on behalf of the Company in an unspecified amount, as well as equitable and injunctive relief. The Company does not maintain any exposure to loss in connection with these shareholder derivative lawsuits. The lawsuits do not assert any claims against the Company. The Company's status as a “Nominal Defendant” in the actions reflects the fact that the lawsuits are maintained by the named plaintiffs on behalf of American Apparel and that plaintiffs seek damages on behalf of the Company.

Four putative class action lawsuits, entitled Anthony Andrade v. American Apparel, et al., Case No. CV106352 MMM (RCx), Douglas Ormsby v. American Apparel, et al., Case No. CV106513 MMM (RCx), James Costa v. American Apparel, et al., Case No. CV106516 MMM (RCx), and Wesley Childs v. American Apparel, et al., Case No. CV106680 GW (JCGx), were filed in the United States District Court for the Central District of California on August 25, 2010, August 31, 2010, August 31, 2010, and September 8, 2010, respectively, against the Company and certain of its officers and executives on behalf of American Apparel shareholders who purchased the Company's common stock between December 19, 2006 and August 17, 2010. On December 3, 2010, the four lawsuits were consolidated for all purposes into a case entitled In re American Apparel, Inc. Shareholder Litigation, Lead Case No. CV106352 (the “Federal Securities Action”). On March 14, 2011, the United States District Court appointed the firm of Barroway Topaz, LLP to serve as lead counsel and Mr. Charles Rendelman to serve as lead plaintiff. On April 29, 2011, Mr. Rendelman filed an Amended Class Action Complaint against the Company, certain of its officers, and Lion, alleging two causes of action for violations of Section 10(b) and 20(a) of the 1934 Act, and Rules 10b-5 promulgated under Section 10(b), arising out of alleged misrepresentations contained in its press releases, public filings with the SEC, and other public statements relating to (i) the adequacy of its internal and financial control policies and procedures; (ii) its employment practices; and (iii) the effect that the dismissal of over 1,500 employees following an Immigration and Customs Enforcement inspection would have on the Company. Plaintiffs seek damages in an unspecified amount, reasonable attorneys fees and costs, and equitable relief as the Court may deem proper. On May 31, 2011, Defendants filed motions to dismiss the Federal Securities Action. A hearing on the motions is scheduled for September 12, 2011. Discovery is stayed in the Federal Securities Action, as well as in the Federal Derivative Action, pending resolution of motions to dismiss the Federal Securities Action.
The Company is unable to predict the financial outcome of these matters at this time, and any views formed as to the viability of these claims or the financial exposure which could result may change from time to time as the matters proceed through their course. However, no assurance can be made that these matters, either individually or together with the potential for similar suits and reputational harm, will not result in a material financial exposure, which could have a material adverse effect upon the Company's financial condition and results of operations.

In August 2010, the Company received a subpoena from the United States Attorney's Office for the Central District of California for documents relating to an official criminal investigation being conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation into the change in the Company's registered independent accounting firm and the Company's financial reporting and internal controls. The Company has also received a subpoena from the SEC for documents relating to its investigation surrounding the

35

change in the Company's registered independent accounting firm and the Company's financial reporting and internal controls. The Company intends to cooperate fully with these subpoenas and investigations.

On May 9, and May 16, 2011, the Company received a subpoena from the United States Attorney's Office for the Central District of California and the SEC, respectively, for documents relating to a complaint filed by a former employee with the Occupational Safety & Health Administration in November 2010 that contains allegations regarding, inter alia, the Company's policies with respect to and accounting of foreign currency transactions and transfer pricing.  The Company intends to fully cooperate with these subpoenas.

On February 17, 2011, the Company filed complaints in arbitration against five former employees seeking: (1) declaratory relief that the arbitration, confidentiality, severance and bonus agreements signed by the former employees are valid and enforceable; (2) damages in the event the former employees or anyone of them breaches their confidentiality agreements, as threatened; (3) attorneys' fees and costs incurred to compel the suit into arbitration; (4) declaratory relief that the former employees' claims of sexual harassment and sexual assault are false and without merit; and (5) declaratory relief that the former employees have attempted to engage in abuse of process for the purpose of extorting from the Company and Dov Charney money solely to avoid public shame and economic loss. On March 4, 2011, one such former employee filed suit against American Apparel, Dov Charney, and certain members of the Board of Directors of American Apparel in the Supreme Court of New York, County of Kings, Case No. 5018-11.  The suit alleges sexual harassment, gender discrimination, retaliation, negligent hiring and supervision, intentional and negligent infliction of emotional distress, fraud and unpaid wages, and seeks, among other things, an award of compensatory damages, exemplary damages, attorneys' fees and costs, all in an amount of at least $250,000. On March 23, 2011, three of the other former employees filed a consolidated suit against American Apparel and Dov Charney in the Los Angeles Superior Court for the State of California, Case No. BC457920. Such action alleges sexual harassment, failure to prevent harassment and discrimination, intentional infliction of emotional distress, assault and battery, and a declaratory judgment that the confidentiality and arbitration agreements signed by plaintiffs are unenforceable. Such action seeks monetary damages, various forms of injunctive relief, and attorneys' fees and costs. The remaining plaintiffs seek only a declaratory judgment that the confidentiality and arbitration agreements they signed are unenforceable. On July 28, 2011, the court ordered this case into arbitration.

On April 27, 2011, three of the former employees filed suit against the Company, Dov Charney and a Company employee in the Los Angeles Superior Court, State of California, Case No. BC460331, asserting claims for Impersonation through Internet or Electronic Means, Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress, Defamation, Invasion of Privacy/False Light, and Invasion of Privacy/Appropriation of Likeness. Such action seeks monetary damages, injunctive relief and attorneys' fees and costs. The Company believes that this matter is covered by insurance, subject to a deductible, and is awaiting confirmation of coverage from its carriers.

The Company is currently engaged in other employment-related claims and other matters incidental to the Company's business. Management believes that all such claims against the Company are without merit or not material, and the Company intends to vigorously dispute the validity of the plaintiffs' claims. While the ultimate resolution of such claims cannot be determined, based on information at this time, the Company believes the amount, and ultimate liability, if any, with respect to these actions will not materially affect the Company's business, financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. The Company cannot assure you, however, that such actions will not have a material adverse effect on the Company's consolidated results of operations, financial position or cash flows.
 
Note 18. Subsequent Events

The Company has evaluated events that occurred subsequent to June 30, 2011 and through the date the financial statements were issued. Management concluded that no additional subsequent events required disclosure in these financial statements other than those disclosed in these notes to these financial statements.

 

36


Item 2.    Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Overview
We are a vertically-integrated manufacturer, distributor, and retailer of branded fashion basic apparel. We design, manufacture and sell clothing, accessories and personal care products for women, men, children and babies through retail, wholesale and online distribution channels. As of June 30, 2011, we operated a total of 254 retail stores in the United States, Canada and 18 other countries. Our wholesale business is a leading supplier of T-shirts and other casual wear to screen printers and distributors. In addition, we operate an online retail e-commerce website at www.americanapparel.com where we sell our clothing and accessories directly to consumers.
We conduct our primary manufacturing operations out of an 800,000 square foot facility in the warehouse district of downtown Los Angeles, California. The facility houses our executive offices, as well as cutting, sewing, warehousing, and distribution operations. We conduct knitting operations at our facilities in Los Angeles and Garden Grove, California, which produce a majority of the fabric we use in our products. We also operate dye houses that provide dyeing and finishing services for nearly all of the raw fabric used in production. We operate a dyeing and finishing facility in Hawthorne, California, which provides fabric dyeing and finishing services. We operate a garment dyeing and finishing facility, located in South Gate, California, which is used in cutting, sewing, dyeing and finishing garments. We operate a fabric dyeing and finishing facility, located in Garden Grove, California, which has been expanded to include knitting, cutting and sewing operations. Because we manufacture domestically and are vertically integrated, we believe this enables us to more quickly respond to customer demand and to changing fashion trends and to closely monitor product quality. Our products are recognized for their quality and fit, and together with our distinctive branding these attributes have differentiated our products in the marketplace.
The results of the respective business segments exclude unallocated corporate expenses, which consist of our shared overhead costs. These costs are presented separately and generally include corporate costs such as human resources, legal, finance, information technology, accounting, and executive compensation.
The following sets forth the change in retail store count during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010.
 
 
U.S. Retail
 
Canada
 
International
 
Total
Three Months Ended June 30, 2011
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Open at March 31, 2011
148

 
38

 
72

 
258

Opened

 

 

 

Closed
(2
)
 

 
(2
)
 
(4
)
Open at June 30, 2011
146

 
38

 
70

 
254

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2010
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Open at March 31, 2010
159

 
41

 
80

 
280

Opened

 

 
2

 
2

Closed
(1
)
 

 
(2
)
 
(3
)
Open at June 30, 2010
158

 
41

 
80

 
279

 

37


 
U.S. Retail
 
Canada
 
International
 
Total
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Open at January 1, 2011
157

 
40

 
76

 
273

Opened

 

 

 

Closed
(11
)
 
(2
)
 
(6
)
 
(19
)
Open at June 30, 2011
146

 
38

 
70

 
254

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2010
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Open at January 1, 2010
160

 
40

 
81

 
281

Opened

 
1

 
2

 
3

Closed
(2
)
 

 
(3
)
 
(5
)
Open at June 30, 2010
158

 
41

 
80

 
279


Comparable Store Sales
The table below shows the (decrease) increase in comparable store sales for our retail stores, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, including the number of retail stores included in the comparison at the end of each period. Comparable store sales are defined as the percentage change in sales for stores that have been open for more than twelve full months. Remodeled and expanded stores are excluded from the determination of comparable stores for the following twelve month period if the remodel or expansion results in a change of greater than 20% of selling square footage. Closed stores are excluded from the base of comparable stores following their last full month of operation. 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
2011

2010
 
2011

2010
Comparable store sales
 %
 
(16
)%
 
(4
)%
 
(13
)%
Number of stores in comparison
248

 
257

 
248

 
257

In calculating constant currency amounts, we convert the results of our foreign operations both in the current period and the prior year comparable period using the weighted-average foreign exchange rate for the current period to achieve a consistent basis for comparison.
Executive Summary

As of June 30, 2011, we had approximately $6.9 million in cash, $1.3 million of availability for additional borrowings and $52.4 million outstanding on a $75,000 revolving credit facility under the BofA Credit Agreement (as defined in Note 7 to our condensed consolidated financial statements under Item 1 - Financial Statements), $1.4 million of availability for additional borrowings and $4.1 million outstanding on a C$11,000 revolving credit facility under the Bank of Montreal Credit Agreement (as defined in Note 7 to our condensed consolidated financial statements under Item 1 - Financial Statements), and $83.8 million (including paid-in-kind interest of $7.6 million and net of discount of $23.2 million) of term loans outstanding under the Lion Credit Agreement (as defined in Note 8 to our condensed consolidated financial statements under Item 1 - Financial Statements).

As of July 31, 2011, we had approximately $7.8 million of availability for additional borrowings and $46.0 million outstanding on the credit facility under the BofA Credit Agreement and $1.5 million of availability for additional borrowings and $3.6 million outstanding on the credit facility under the Bank of Montreal Credit Agreement.

On April 26, 2011, we sold 15,777 shares of Common Stock to a group of investors (the Investors), at a price of $0.90 per share, for the aggregate net cash purchase price of approximately $12.4 million, of which $5.0 million went to satisfy and meet the availability requirement of the amendment to the BofA Credit Agreement. The investors also received the right to purchase up to an additional 27,443 shares at the same price within 180 days, subject to shareholder approval and subject to certain anti-dilution and other adjustments. In connection with this transaction and as a condition to the investors purchasing the shares, Mr. Dov Charney was also provided with an anti-dilution protection if the market price of Common Stock meets certain thresholds, subject to certain terms and conditions. This transaction improved our liquidity position by approximately $8.0 million.

On July 7, 2011, the Investors exercised purchase rights and purchased 6,667 shares in a private placement exempt from

38


registration of the Company's Common Stock for $0.90 per share. On July 12, 2011, Mr. Charney exercised rights to purchase 778 shares of Common Stock for $0.90 per share and the Investors exercised additional rights to purchase 1,740 shares of Common Stock for $0.90 per share. These transactions resulted in $8.3 million in aggregate proceeds and additional liquidity for the Company.

We incurred a loss from operations of $18.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011, compared to a loss from operations of $30.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010. The current operating plan indicates that losses from operations may be incurred for all of fiscal 2011. Consequently, we may not have sufficient liquidity necessary to sustain operations for the next twelve months and this raises substantial doubt that we will be able to continue as a going concern.

We are in the process of executing a plan to improve the operating performance and our financial position. This plan includes optimizing production levels at our manufacturing facilities including raw material purchases and labor; streamlining our logistics operations; merchandise price rationalization in our wholesale and retail channels; renegotiating the terms of a number of our retail real estate leases, including store closures; improving merchandise allocation procedures and rationalizing staffing levels. In addition, we continue to develop other initiatives intended to either increase sales, reduce costs or improve liquidity. Although our plan reflects improvements in these trends, there can be no assurance that our plan to improve the operating performance and our financial position will be successful. We continue to evaluate other alternative sources of capital for ongoing cash needs, however, there can be no assurance we will be successful in those efforts.

For the three months ended June 30, 2011, we reported net sales of $132.8 million, essentially flat with the $132.7 million reported for the three months ended June 30, 2010. Gross margin increased to 54.5% for the three months ended June 30, 2011 compared to 51.6% for the three months ended June 30, 2010. The increase in gross margin was primarily due to an increase in sales prices across our sales channels and improvement in manufacturing labor efficiencies beginning in the second half of 2010 that have reduced our production costs, and a result of reduced shrink recorded from a physical count at the Company's US distribution center.
Operating expenses, which include all selling, general and administrative costs and retail store impairment charges, increased $0.6 million, or 0.8%, to $77.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2011 as compared to $77.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2010. Fixed asset impairment expenses decreased $0.4 million to $1.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2011 as compared to $1.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2010. Impairment charges were lowered as the bulk of the investments in leasehold improvements in most underperforming stores as well the stores that were closed during the three months ended June 30, 2011 had already been impaired in earlier periods. Interest expense increased $2.1 million to $7.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2011, as compared to $5.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2010 due to higher outstanding debt balances and higher interest rates on the Lion term loan. Net loss for the three months ended June 30, 2011 was $0.2 million compared to $14.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2010, primarily due to unrealized gain in change of fair value of warrants and purchase rights, an increase in gross profit, reduction in selling expenses, lower impairment charges, lower income tax expense, and gain in foreign currency transactions, partially offset by loss on extinguishment of debt.

For the six months ended June 30, 2011, we reported net sales of $248.9 million, a decrease of $5.7 million, or 2.2% below the $254.5 million reported for the six months ended June 30, 2010. Gross margin increased to 54.7% for the six months ended June 30, 2011 compared to 50.9% for the six months ended June 30, 2010. The increase in gross margin was primarily due to increase in sales prices across our sales channels and improvement in manufacturing labor efficiencies beginning in the second half of 2010 that have reduced our production costs, and a result of reduced shrink recorded from a physical count at the Company's US distribution center.
Operating expenses, which include all selling, general and administrative costs and retail store impairment charges, decreased $5.4 million, or 3.4%, to $154.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011 as compared to $159.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010. Fixed asset impairment expenses decreased $3.9 million to $1.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011 as compared to $5.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010. Impairment charges were lowered as the bulk of the investments in leasehold improvements in most underperforming stores as well the stores that were closed during the six months ended June 30, 2011 had already been impaired in earlier periods. Interest expense increased $4.2 million to $14.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011, as compared to $10.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010 due to higher outstanding debt balances and higher interest rates on the Lion term loan. Net loss for the six months ended June 30, 2011 was $21.0 million compared to $57.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010, primarily due to unrealized gain in change of fair value of warrants and purchase rights, an increase in gross profit, reduction in selling expenses, lower impairment charges, lower income tax expense, and gain in foreign currency transactions, partially offset by loss on extinguishment of debt.

39


Results of Operations

The results of operations of the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the entire year.

Three Months Ended June 30, 2011 Compared to the Three Months Ended June 30, 2010
The following table sets forth our results of operations from our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations by dollar and as a percentage of net sales for the periods indicated (dollars in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
% of net sales
 
2010
 
% of net sales
U.S. Wholesale
$
38,139

 
28.7
 %
 
$
39,060

 
29.4
 %
U.S. Retail
40,359

 
30.4
 %
 
42,741

 
32.2
 %
Canada
14,364

 
10.8
 %
 
16,261

 
12.3
 %
International
39,942

 
30.1
 %
 
34,671

 
26.1
 %
Total net sales
132,804

 
100.0
 %
 
132,733

 
100.0
 %
Cost of sales
60,378

 
45.5
 %
 
64,248

 
48.4
 %
Gross profit
72,426

 
54.5
 %
 
68,485

 
51.6
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling expenses
50,278

 
37.9
 %
 
51,877

 
39.1
 %
General and administrative expenses
26,370

 
19.9
 %
 
23,762

 
17.9
 %
Retail store impairment charges
1,002

 
0.8
 %
 
1,407

 
1.1
 %
Loss from operations
(5,224
)
 
(3.9
)%
 
(8,561
)
 
(6.4
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
7,752

 
5.8
 %
 
5,682

 
4.3
 %
Foreign currency transaction (gain) loss
(263
)
 
(0.2
)%
 
1,927

 
1.5
 %
Unrealized (gain) loss on change in fair value of warrants and purchase rights
(13,000
)
 
(9.8
)%
 
1,034

 
0.8
 %
Loss on extinguishment of debt

 
 %
 

 
 %
Other (income) expense
(20
)
 
 %
 
(355
)
 
(0.3
)%
Income (loss) before income tax
307

 
0.2
 %
 
(16,849
)
 
(12.7
)%
Income tax provision (benefit)
520

 
0.4
 %
 
(2,171
)