10-Q 1 d406890d10q.htm FORM 10-Q Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

Form 10-Q

 

 

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2012,

or

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                  to                

Commission File Number 001-32601

 

 

LIVE NATION ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   20-3247759
(State of Incorporation)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

9348 Civic Center Drive

Beverly Hills, CA 90210

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

(310) 867-7000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    x  Yes    ¨  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   x    Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    ¨  Yes    x  No

On October 31, 2012, there were 190,744,409 outstanding shares of the registrant’s common stock, $0.01 par value per share, including 3,506,967 shares of unvested restricted stock awards and excluding 44,415 shares held in treasury.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

LIVE NATION ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

INDEX TO FORM 10-Q

 

         Page  
PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION   

Item 1.

  Financial Statements      2   
  Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited) as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011      2   
  Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011      3   
  Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011      4   
  Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011      5   
  Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)      6   

Item 2.

  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      22   

Item 3.

  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk      41   

Item 4.

  Controls and Procedures      41   
PART II—OTHER INFORMATION   

Item 1.

  Legal Proceedings      42   

Item 1A.

  Risk Factors      44   

Item 2.

  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds      44   

Item 3.

  Defaults Upon Senior Securities      44   

Item 4.

  Mine Safety Disclosure      44   

Item 5.

  Other Information      44   

Item 6.

  Exhibits      45   


Table of Contents

LIVE NATION ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

GLOSSARY OF KEY TERMS

 

AMG

  

Academy Music Holdings Limited Group

AOI

  

Adjusted operating income (loss)

Azoff Trust

  

The Azoff Family Trust of 1997, of which Irving Azoff is co-Trustee

BigChampagne

  

BigChampagne, LLC

Cablevision

  

Cablevision Systems Corporation

Clear Channel

  

Clear Channel Communications, Inc.

Company

  

Live Nation Entertainment, Inc. and subsidiaries

Coppel

  

Michael Coppel Ventures Pty Ltd

Cream

  

Cream Holdings Limited

CTS

  

CTS Eventim AG

DPS

  

Diversified Production Services, LLC

FASB

  

Financial Accounting Standards Board

FLMG

  

FLMG Holdings Corp., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Live Nation

Front Line

  

Front Line Management Group, Inc.

GAAP

  

United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

HARD

  

HARD Events LLC

Liberty Media

  

Liberty Media Corporation

Live Nation

   Live Nation Entertainment, Inc., formerly known as Live Nation, Inc., and subsidiaries

Merger

  

Merger between Live Nation, Inc. and Ticketmaster Entertainment, Inc. announced in February 2009 and consummated in January 2010

MSG

  

The Madison Square Garden Company

SEC

  

United States Securities and Exchange Commission

Separation

  

The contribution and transfer by Clear Channel of substantially all of its entertainment assets and liabilities to Live Nation

Serviticket

  

Serviticket, S.A.

TGLP

  

Ticketmaster Group Limited Partnership

Ticketmaster

  

For periods prior to May 6, 2010, Ticketmaster means Ticketmaster Entertainment LLC and its predecessor companies (including without limitation Ticketmaster Entertainment, Inc.); for periods on and after May 6, 2010, Ticketmaster means the Ticketmaster ticketing business of the Company

TicketsNow

  

TNow Entertainment Group, Inc.

T-Shirt Printers

  

T-Shirt Printers Pty Ltd

 

1


Table of Contents

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

LIVE NATION ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(UNAUDITED)

 

     September 30,
2012
    December 31,
2011
 
     (in thousands)  
ASSETS     

Current assets

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 783,671      $ 844,253   

Accounts receivable, less allowance of $13,947 and $16,986, respectively

     583,322        389,346   

Prepaid expenses

     444,451        316,491   

Other current assets

     30,924        26,700   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     1,842,368        1,576,790   

Property, plant and equipment

    

Land, buildings and improvements

     848,340        851,812   

Computer equipment and capitalized software

     319,497        261,475   

Furniture and other equipment

     194,544        172,250   

Construction in progress

     52,244        60,652   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     1,414,625        1,346,189   

Less accumulated depreciation

     696,720        626,053   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     717,905        720,136   

Intangible assets

    

Definite-lived intangible assets, net

     834,690        873,712   

Indefinite-lived intangible assets

     377,286        377,160   

Goodwill

     1,338,599        1,257,644   

Investments in nonconsolidated affiliates

     57,725        55,796   

Other long-term assets

     263,675        216,106   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 5,432,248      $ 5,077,344   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY     

Current liabilities

    

Accounts payable, client accounts

   $ 549,301      $ 473,956   

Accounts payable

     127,356        87,627   

Accrued expenses

     658,061        579,566   

Deferred revenue

     326,730        273,536   

Current portion of long-term debt

     60,070        52,632   

Other current liabilities

     16,462        25,236   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     1,737,980        1,492,553   

Long-term debt, net

     1,685,968        1,652,629   

Long-term deferred income taxes

     190,681        186,298   

Other long-term liabilities

     106,262        120,693   

Commitments and contingent liabilities

    

Redeemable noncontrolling interests

     48,136        8,277   

Stockholders’ equity

    

Common stock

     1,873        1,868   

Additional paid-in capital

     2,265,020        2,243,587   

Accumulated deficit

     (748,701     (745,191

Cost of shares held in treasury

     (214     (2,787

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (16,436     (36,374
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Live Nation Entertainment, Inc. stockholders’ equity

     1,501,542        1,461,103   

Noncontrolling interests

     161,679        155,791   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     1,663,221        1,616,894   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 5,432,248      $ 5,077,344   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

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Table of Contents

LIVE NATION ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(UNAUDITED)

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (in thousands except share and per share data)  

Revenue

   $ 1,963,146      $ 1,790,025      $ 4,381,820      $ 4,198,316   

Operating expenses:

        

Direct operating expenses

     1,457,423        1,286,304        3,103,006        2,971,579   

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     283,846        282,462        832,924        822,226   

Depreciation and amortization

     84,684        83,341        258,656        237,749   

Loss (gain) on sale of operating assets

     (60     231        (255     866   

Corporate expenses

     30,842        27,385        81,474        73,011   

Acquisition transaction expenses

     1,896        5,493        1,335        7,864   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     104,515        104,809        104,680        85,021   

Interest expense

     35,535        30,388        94,733        90,462   

Interest income

     (994     (1,023     (2,825     (2,848

Equity in earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates

     (3,117     (2,777     (8,799     (5,549

Other (income) expense, net

     (7,035     6,461        (3,393     7,207   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

     80,126        71,760        24,964        (4,251

Income tax expense (benefit)

     11,950        8,739        21,456        (29,544
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

     68,176        63,021        3,508        25,293   

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     10,228        11,309        7,018        8,784   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders of Live Nation Entertainment, Inc.

   $ 57,948      $ 51,712      $ (3,510   $ 16,509   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic net income (loss) per common share attributable to common stockholders of Live Nation Entertainment, Inc.

   $ 0.31      $ 0.28      $ (0.02   $ 0.09   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted net income (loss) per common share attributable to common stockholders of Live Nation Entertainment, Inc.

   $ 0.31      $ 0.27      $ (0.02   $ 0.09   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

        

Basic

     187,153,788        186,127,846        186,857,527        181,115,853   

Diluted

     189,754,343        188,531,130        186,857,527        183,306,799   

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

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Table of Contents

LIVE NATION ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(UNAUDITED)

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012     2011     2012     2011  
           (in thousands)        

Net income

   $ 68,176      $ 63,021      $ 3,508      $ 25,293   

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

        

Unrealized loss on cash flow hedges

     (68     (21     (156     (158

Change in funded status of defined benefit pension plan

     (202     (1     (202     (33

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     29,161        (37,290     20,296        17,363   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

     97,067        25,709        23,446        42,465   

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     10,228        11,309        7,018        8,784   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income attributable to common stockholders of Live Nation Entertainment, Inc.

   $ 86,839      $ 14,400      $ 16,428      $ 33,681   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

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Table of Contents

LIVE NATION ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012     2011  
     (in thousands)  

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

    

Net income

   $ 3,508      $ 25,293   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

    

Depreciation

     90,789        94,184   

Amortization

     167,867        143,565   

Deferred income tax benefit

     (11,183     (40,679

Amortization of debt issuance costs and discount/premium, net

     11,415        9,707   

Non-cash gain on extinguishment of debt

     (460     -   

Non-cash compensation expense

     27,595        40,556   

Changes in fair value of contingent consideration

     (2,449     (8,828

Loss (gain) on sale of operating assets

     (255     866   

Equity in earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates

     (8,799     (5,549

Other, net

     2,085        4,091   

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions and dispositions:

    

Increase in accounts receivable

     (186,313     (164,392

Decrease (increase) in prepaid expenses

     (159,473     25,704   

Increase in other assets

     (37,712     (56,645

Increase (decrease) in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

     138,270        (27,682

Increase (decrease) in deferred revenue

     54,154        (67,732
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

     89,039        (27,541
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

    

Distributions from nonconsolidated affiliates

     6,744        8,804   

Investments made in nonconsolidated affiliates

     (3,212     (6,437

Purchases of property, plant and equipment

     (92,372     (69,573

Proceeds from disposal of operating assets, net of cash divested

     7,788        7,361   

Cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash acquired

     (71,256     (25,499

Purchases of intangible assets

     (14,553     (118

Other, net

     (943     (1,933
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (167,804     (87,395
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

    

Proceeds from long-term debt, net of debt issuance costs

     481,286        (596

Payments on long-term debt

     (457,487     (22,699

Contributions from noncontrolling interests

     130        -   

Distributions to noncontrolling interest partners

     (9,202     (14,249

Purchases and sales of noncontrolling interests, net

     (259     (47,559

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

     926        3,210   

Proceeds from sale of common stock

     -        76,492   

Payments for deferred and contingent consideration

     (10,585     (13,807
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     4,809        (19,208

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     13,374        23,959   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

     (60,582     (110,185

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     844,253        892,758   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 783,671      $ 782,573   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

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Table of Contents

LIVE NATION ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

NOTE 1—BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Preparation of Interim Financial Statements

The interim consolidated financial statements included in this report are unaudited; however in the opinion of management, they include all normal and recurring accruals and adjustments necessary to present fairly the results of the interim periods shown. Certain financial presentations and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted.

The financial statements contained herein should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 24, 2012.

Seasonality

Due to the seasonal nature of shows at outdoor amphitheaters and festivals, which primarily occur May through September, the Company experiences higher revenue for the Concerts segment during the second and third quarters. The Artist Nation segment’s revenue is impacted, to a large degree, by the touring schedules of artists it represents. Generally, the Company experiences higher revenue in this segment during the second and third quarters as the period from May through September tends to be a popular time for touring events. The Ticketing segment’s sales are impacted by fluctuations in the availability of events for sale to the public, which vary depending upon scheduling by its clients. The Company’s seasonality also results in higher balances in cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses, accrued expenses and deferred revenue at different times in the year. Therefore, the results to date are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full year.

Acquisitions

During 2012, the Company completed its acquisitions of Coppel, Cream and other smaller acquisitions. These acquisitions were accounted for as business combinations under the acquisition method of accounting and were not considered significant on an individual basis or in the aggregate.

Reclassifications

Certain reclassifications have been made to the 2011 consolidated financial statements to conform to the 2012 presentation. The Company has reclassified $23.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2011 and $31.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 in the results of operations for its reportable segments as an increase to revenue and direct operating expenses in the Ticketing segment with corresponding increases to Eliminations in order to properly break out intersegment revenues. There is no impact to the consolidated financial statements. Additionally, the Company reclassified $10.4 million from other long-term assets to long-term debt to properly reflect the debt discount related to the May 2010 senior secured credit facility.

Recently Adopted Pronouncements

In May 2011, the FASB issued guidance that improves comparability of fair value measurements presented and disclosed in financial statements. This guidance clarifies the application of existing fair value measurement requirements including (1) the application of the highest and best use and valuation premise concepts, (2) measuring the fair value of an instrument classified in a reporting entity’s stockholders’ equity, and (3) quantitative information required for fair value measurements categorized within Level 3. It also requires additional disclosure for Level 3 measurements regarding the sensitivity of the fair value to changes in unobservable inputs and any interrelationships between those inputs. The Company adopted this guidance on January 1, 2012 and the adoption of this guidance did not have a material effect on its financial position or results of operations.

Recently Issued Pronouncements

In July 2012, the FASB issued guidance which gives companies the option to perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that an indefinite-lived intangible asset is impaired, and in some cases, bypass the two-step impairment test. This guidance is effective for annual and interim indefinite-lived intangible asset impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after September 15, 2012. Early adoption of the new guidance is permitted. The Company will adopt this guidance on October 1, 2012.

NOTE 2—LONG-LIVED ASSETS

Definite-lived Intangible Assets

The Company has definite-lived intangible assets which are amortized over the shorter of either the lives of the respective agreements or the period of time the assets are expected to contribute to the Company’s future cash flows. The amortization is recognized on either a straight-line or expected cash flows basis.

 

6


Table of Contents

The following table presents the changes in the gross carrying amount and accumulated amortization of definite-lived intangible assets for the nine months ended September 30, 2012:

 

     Revenue-
generating
contracts
    Client /
vendor
relationships
    Non-compete
agreements
    Venue
management
and
leaseholds
    Technology     Trademarks
and

naming
rights
    Other     Total  
     (in thousands)  

Balance as of December 31, 2011:

                

Gross carrying amount

   $ 542,426      $ 330,575      $ 171,765      $ 116,772      $ 103,337      $ 24,517      $ 6,426      $ 1,295,818   

Accumulated amortization

     (170,889     (66,548     (93,464     (39,017     (31,812     (16,202     (4,174     (422,106
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net

     371,537        264,027        78,301        77,755        71,525        8,315        2,252        873,712   

Gross carrying amount:

                

Acquisitions

     21,353        67,043        3,000        -          (2,336     5,764        -          94,824   

Foreign exchange

     3,205        (501     (7     1,450        (107     334        38        4,412   

Other (1)

     (39,219     (9,073     (4,197     -          -          (12,356     -          (64,845
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     (14,661     57,469        (1,204     1,450        (2,443     (6,258     38        34,391   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Accumulated amortization:

                

Amortization expense

     (51,140     (38,721     (19,254     (9,046     (15,881     (2,012     (337     (136,391

Foreign exchange

     (2,094     (23     (1     (455     13        (113     (28     (2,701

Other (1)

     39,301        9,073        4,949        -          -          12,356        -          65,679   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     (13,933     (29,671     (14,306     (9,501     (15,868     10,231        (365     (73,413
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as of September 30, 2012:

                

Gross carrying amount

     527,765        388,044        170,561        118,222        100,894        18,259        6,464        1,330,209   

Accumulated amortization

     (184,822     (96,219     (107,770     (48,518     (47,680     (5,971     (4,539     (495,519
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net

   $ 342,943      $ 291,825      $ 62,791      $ 69,704      $ 53,214      $ 12,288      $ 1,925      $ 834,690   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) Other includes netdowns of fully amortized or impaired assets. See further discussion of impairments below.

During 2012, the Company recorded definite-lived intangible assets totaling $94.8 million, primarily related to client/vendor relationships and revenue-generating contracts associated with the April 2012 acquisition of Coppel, a concert promotion business in Australia and New Zealand, the May 2012 acquisition of Cream, an electronic festival promoter in the United Kingdom, the June 2012 acquisition of HARD, an electronic festival promoter in Los Angeles, and the purchase of rights to a festival held in Europe.

The 2012 additions to definite-lived intangible assets have weighted-average lives as follows:

 

      Weighted-
Average
Life (years)
 

Revenue-generating contracts

     12   

Client/vendor relationships

     9   

Non-compete agreements

     3   

Technology

     6   

Trademarks and naming rights

     10   

All categories

     9   

 

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The Company tests for possible impairment of definite-lived intangible assets whenever events or circumstances change, such as a significant reduction in operating cash flow or a change in the manner in which the asset is intended to be used which may indicate that the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable. During the nine months ended September 30, 2012, the Company reviewed the carrying value of certain definite-lived intangible assets that management determined had an indicator that future operating cash flows may not support their carrying value, and it was determined that those assets were impaired since the estimated undiscounted operating cash flows associated with those assets were less than their carrying value. For the nine months ended September 30, 2012, the Company recorded impairment charges related to definite-lived intangible assets of $13.8 million as a component of depreciation and amortization. The impairment charges primarily related to intangible assets for revenue-generating contracts and client/vendor relationships in the Concerts segment. See Note 5—Fair Value Measurements for further discussion of the inputs used to determine the fair value.

Amortization expense from definite-lived intangible assets for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 was $40.8 million and $38.8 million, respectively, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 was $136.4 million and $120.7 million, respectively. The increase in amortization expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 is primarily driven by the impairment charge discussed above.

Amortization expense related to nonrecoupable ticketing contract advances for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 was $12.8 million and $9.3 million, respectively, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 was $31.5 million and $22.8 million, respectively.

As acquisitions and dispositions occur in the future and the valuations of intangible assets for recent acquisitions are completed, amortization expense may vary.

Goodwill

In 2011, the Company’s reportable segments were Concerts, Ticketing, Artist Nation, eCommerce and Sponsorship. Beginning in 2012, the Company no longer presents eCommerce as a reportable segment and has changed the name of its Sponsorship segment to Sponsorship & Advertising. These changes were made to be consistent with how the four key components of the business are now being managed. The Company now includes the business previously reported in the eCommerce segment within the Ticketing and Sponsorship & Advertising segments. As a result of this change, the goodwill previously associated with the eCommerce reporting unit was reallocated to the reporting units that make up the Ticketing and Sponsorship & Advertising segments utilizing a fair value approach. When reallocating goodwill as part of a reorganization, the Company allocates goodwill based on the relative fair values similar to that used when a portion of a reporting unit is disposed of. The Company believes a common method used to determine the fair value of a business in its industry is a multiple of AOI. For the period presented, the Company reallocated the goodwill associated with the eCommerce segment using the relative fair values of the business being allocated to the Ticketing and Sponsorship & Advertising segments as a percentage of the total eCommerce segment AOI. Goodwill related to specific acquisitions was attributed to the respective new reporting units directly (specific allocation).

The following table presents the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill in each of the Company’s segments for the nine months ended September 30, 2012:

 

     Concerts     Ticketing     Artist
Nation
    eCommerce     Sponsorship
&  Advertising
     Other     Total  
     (in thousands)  

Balance as of December 31, 2011:

               

Goodwill

   $ 387,188      $ 577,131      $ 262,158      $ 224,562      $ 76,507       $ 13,037      $ 1,540,583   

Accumulated impairment losses

     (269,902     -        -        -        -         (13,037     (282,939
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     117,286        577,131        262,158        224,562        76,507         -        1,257,644   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Recast balances (1):

               

Fair value approach

     -        47,086        -        (214,927     167,841         -        -   

Specific allocation

     -        9,635        -        (9,635     -         -        -   

Recast Balance as of January 1, 2012:

               

Goodwill

     387,188        633,852        262,158        -        244,348         13,037        1,540,583   

Accumulated impairment losses

     (269,902     -        -        -        -         (13,037     (282,939
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     117,286        633,852        262,158        -        244,348         -        1,257,644   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Acquisitions—current year

     62,047        -        1,348        -        -         -        63,395   

Acquisitions—prior year

     -        2,380        (560     -        -         -        1,820   

Foreign exchange

     7,564        (470     54        -        8,592         -        15,740   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as of September 30, 2012:

               

Goodwill

     456,799        635,762        263,000        -        252,940         13,037        1,621,538   

Accumulated impairment losses

     (269,902     -        -        -        -         (13,037     (282,939
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 186,897      $ 635,762      $ 263,000      $ -      $ 252,940       $ -      $ 1,338,599   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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(1) The beginning balance for the eCommerce segment has been recast to allocate goodwill to the Ticketing and Sponsorship & Advertising segments. The total consolidated amount remained unchanged.

Included in the current year acquisitions amount above is $63.4 million primarily related to the second quarter 2012 acquisitions of Coppel, Cream and HARD.

The Company is in the process of finalizing its acquisition accounting for recent acquisitions which could result in a change to the associated purchase price allocations, including goodwill.

Investments in nonconsolidated affiliates

The Company has investments in various affiliates which are not consolidated and are accounted for under the equity method of accounting. The Company records its investments in these entities in the balance sheet as investments in nonconsolidated affiliates. The Company’s interests in these operations are recorded in the statement of operations as equity in earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates. For the nine months ended September 30, 2012, one of the Company’s investments, which is in a ticketing distribution services company, is considered significant. The Company owns a 33% interest in this company.

Summarized unaudited income statement information for the Company’s significant nonconsolidated affiliates is as follows (at 100%):

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012      2011  
     (in thousands)  

Revenue

   $ 35,994       $ 34,217   

Operating income

   $ 19,201       $ 19,515   

Net income

   $ 14,505       $ 14,075   

Long-lived Asset Disposals

In January 2012, the Company completed the sale of an amphitheater in Ohio. In January 2011, the Company sold its 50% controlling interest in an artist management company. In May 2011, the Company completed the sale of the Selma amphitheater in San Antonio.

The table below summarizes the asset and liability values at the time of disposal and the resulting loss or gain recorded.

 

Divested Asset

   Segment    Gain (Loss)
on Sale  of
Operating
Assets
    Current
Assets
     Noncurrent
Assets
     Current
Liabilities
     Noncurrent
Liabilities
 
     (in thousands)  

2012 Divestiture

                

Ohio amphitheater

   Concerts    $ 444      $ -       $ 5,400       $ 444       $ -   

2011 Divestitures

                

Selma amphitheater

   Concerts    $ 798      $ -       $ 3,206       $ -       $ -   

Artist management company

   Artist Nation    $ (1,256   $ 3       $ 4,145       $ 119       $ -   

Certain agreements relating to disposals of businesses provide for future contingent consideration based on the financial performance of the businesses sold. The Company will record additional amounts related to such contingent consideration, with a corresponding adjustment to gain (loss) on sale of operating assets, if and when it is determinable that the applicable financial performance targets will be met. The aggregate of these contingent considerations, if all existing performance targets are met, would not significantly impact the results of operations of the Company. The last contingency period for which the Company has outstanding contingent consideration is for the year ended December 31, 2013.

NOTE 3—LONG-TERM DEBT

In August 2012, the Company issued $225 million of 7% senior notes and increased its term loan B borrowings by $100 million pursuant to the terms of its existing senior secured credit facility. The proceeds were used to repay all of its outstanding 10.75% senior notes with a principal amount of $287 million, to pay related redemption premium and accrued interest of $19.5 million and to pay related fees and expenses of $6.1 million, leaving $12.4 million in additional cash available for general corporate purposes. The gain on extinguishment of debt resulting from these transactions was not significant.

 

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Long-term debt, which includes capital leases, at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, consisted of the following:

 

     September 30,
2012
     December 31,
2011
 
     (in thousands)  

May 2010 Senior Secured Credit Facility:

     

Term loan A, net of unamortized discount of $1.3 million and $1.2 million at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively

   $ 78,673       $ 86,341   

Term loan B, net of unamortized discount of $14.7 million and $12.2 million at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively

     865,086         773,773   

Revolving credit facility

     -         -   

7% Senior Notes due 2020

     225,000         -   

8.125% Senior Notes due 2018

     250,000         250,000   

10.75% Senior Notes due 2016, plus unamortized premium of $18.7 million at December 31, 2011

     -         305,649   

2.875% Convertible Senior Notes due 2027, net of unamortized discount of $23.6 million and $32.4 million at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively

     196,363         187,627   

Other long-term debt

     130,916         101,871   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     1,746,038         1,705,261   

Less: current portion

     60,070         52,632   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total long-term debt, net

   $ 1,685,968       $ 1,652,629   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Future maturities of long-term debt at September 30, 2012 are as follows:

 

     (in thousands)  

2012

   $ 34,447   

2013

     38,310   

2014

     272,320   

2015

     80,352   

2016

     875,723   

Thereafter

     484,559   
  

 

 

 

Total

     1,785,711   

Debt discount

     (39,673
  

 

 

 

Total including discount

   $ 1,746,038   
  

 

 

 

All long-term debt without a stated maturity date is considered current and is reflected as maturing in the earliest period shown in the table above. See Note—5 Fair Value Measurements for discussion of fair value measurement of the Company’s long-term debt.

7% Senior Notes

In August 2012, the Company issued $225 million of 7% senior notes due 2020. Interest on the notes is payable semi-annually in cash in arrears on March 1 and September 1 of each year, beginning on March 1, 2013, and the notes will mature on September 1, 2020. The Company may redeem some or all of the notes at any time prior to September 1, 2016 at a price equal to 100% of the aggregate principal amount, plus any accrued and unpaid interest to the date of redemption, plus a ‘make-whole’ premium using a discount rate equal to the Treasury Rate plus 50 basis points. The Company may also redeem up to 35% of the notes from the proceeds of certain equity offerings prior to September 1, 2015, at a price equal to 107% of the principal amount, plus any accrued and unpaid interest. In addition, on or after September 1, 2016, the Company may redeem at its option some or all of the notes at redemption prices that start at 103.5% of their principal amount, plus any accrued and unpaid interest to the date of redemption. The Company must make an offer to redeem the notes at 101% of the aggregate principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the repurchase date, if it experiences certain defined changes of control.

The indentures governing the notes contain covenants that limit, among other things, the Company’s ability, and the ability of its restricted subsidiaries, to incur certain additional indebtedness and issue preferred stock; make certain distributions, investments and other restricted payments; sell certain assets; agree to any restrictions on the ability of restricted subsidiaries to make payments to the Company; create certain liens; merge, consolidate or sell substantially all of the Company’s assets; or enter into certain transactions with affiliates.

May 2010 Senior Secured Credit Facility

Pursuant to the terms of the Company’s senior secured credit facility described below, subject to certain conditions, the Company had the right to increase its original term loan facilities by up to $300 million in the aggregate. In August 2012, the

 

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Company exercised this right and entered into an Incremental Term Loan Joinder Agreement that increased the existing term loan B borrowings by $100 million.

At September 30, 2012, the Company’s senior secured credit facility, dated as of May 6, 2010 consists of (i) a $100 million term loan A with a maturity of five and one-half years, (ii) a $900 million term loan B with a maturity of six and one-half years and (iii) a $300 million revolving credit facility with a maturity of five years. In addition, subject to certain conditions, the Company has the right to increase such facilities by up to $200 million in the aggregate. The five-year revolving credit facility provides for borrowings up to the amount of the facility with sublimits of up to (i) $150 million to be available for the issuance of letters of credit, (ii) $50 million to be available for swingline loans and (iii) $100 million to be available for borrowings in foreign currencies. The senior secured credit facility is secured by a first priority lien on substantially all of the Company’s domestic wholly-owned subsidiaries and on 65% of the capital stock of its wholly-owned foreign subsidiaries.

The interest rates per annum applicable to loans under the senior secured credit facility are, at the Company’s option, equal to either LIBOR plus 3.25% or a base rate plus 2.25%, subject to stepdowns based on the Company’s leverage ratio. The interest rate for the term loan B is subject to a LIBOR floor of 1.5% and a base rate floor of 2.5%. The Company is required to pay a commitment fee of 0.5% per year on the undrawn portion available under the revolving credit facility and variable fees on outstanding letters of credit.

For the term loan A, the Company is required to make quarterly payments ranging from $1.25 million to $10 million with the balance due at maturity in November 2015. For the term loan B, the Company is now required to make quarterly payments of $2.25 million with the balance due at maturity in November 2016. The Company is also required to make mandatory prepayments of the loans under the credit agreement, subject to specified exceptions, from excess cash flow, and with the proceeds of asset sales, debt issuances and specified other events.

Based on the Company’s outstanding letters of credit of $53.9 million, $246.1 million was available for future borrowings.

NOTE 4—DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS

The Company primarily uses forward currency contracts and options to reduce its exposure to foreign currency risk associated with short-term artist fee commitments. The Company also enters into forward currency contracts to minimize the risks and/or costs associated with changes in foreign currency rates on forecasted operating income and short-term intercompany loans. At September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company had forward currency contracts and options outstanding with notional amounts of $70.6 million and $32.5 million, respectively. These instruments have not been designated as hedging instruments and any change in fair value is reported in earnings during the period of the change. The Company’s foreign currency derivative activity, including the related fair values, are not material to any period presented.

Additionally, the Company has entered into certain interest rate swaps and cap agreements to limit its exposure to variable interest rates, related to portions of the Company’s outstanding debt, some of which have been designated as cash flow hedges. At September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company had interest rate swaps and cap agreements outstanding with notional amounts of $139.4 million and $131.0 million, respectively. The Company’s interest rate swaps and cap activity, including the related fair values, are not material to any period presented. As of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, there is no ineffective portion or amount excluded from effectiveness testing for derivatives designated as cash flow hedging instruments.

The Company’s 2.875% convertible senior notes issued in July 2007 include certain provisions which are bifurcated from the notes and accounted for as derivative instruments. At the date of issuance and as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the fair value of these provisions was considered to be de minimis.

The Company does not enter into derivative instruments for speculation or trading purposes and does not anticipate any significant recognition of derivative activity through the income statement in the future related to the instruments currently held. See Note 5—Fair Value Measurements for further discussion and disclosure of the fair values for the Company’s derivative instruments.

NOTE 5—FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

The Company currently has various financial instruments carried at fair value, such as marketable securities, derivatives and contingent consideration, but does not currently have nonfinancial assets and nonfinancial liabilities that are required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis. The Company’s financial assets and liabilities are measured using inputs from all levels of the fair value hierarchy as defined in the FASB guidance for fair values. For this categorization, only inputs that are significant to the fair value are considered. The three levels are defined as follows:

Level 1—Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that can be accessed at the measurement date.

Level 2—Inputs include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability (i.e., interest rates, yield curves, etc.) and inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or other means (i.e., market corroborated inputs).

 

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Level 3—Unobservable inputs that reflect assumptions about what market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability. These inputs would be based on the best information available, including the Company’s own data.

In accordance with the fair value hierarchy described above, the following table shows the fair value of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities that are required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis, which are classified on the balance sheets as cash and cash equivalents, other current assets, other long-term assets, other current liabilities and other long-term liabilities:

 

     Fair Value Measurements
at September 30, 2012
     Fair Value Measurements
at December 31, 2011
 
     Level 1      Level 2      Level 3      Total      Level 1      Level 2      Level 3      Total  
            (in thousands)                    (in thousands)         

Assets:

                       

Cash equivalents

   $ 131,954       $ -       $ -       $ 131,954       $ 138,537       $ -       $ -       $ 138,537   

Forward currency contracts

     -         272         -         272         -         355         -         355   

Interest rate cap

     -         -         -         -         -         7         -         7   

Stock options

     -         -         1,201         1,201         -         -         1,060         1,060   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 131,954       $ 272       $ 1,201       $ 133,427       $ 138,537       $ 362       $ 1,060       $ 139,959   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities:

                       

Interest rate swaps

   $ -       $ 3,133       $ -       $ 3,133       $ -       $ 3,037       $ -       $ 3,037   

Forward currency contracts

     -         242         -         242         -         -         -         -   

Contingent consideration

     -         -         5,164         5,164         -         -         8,363         8,363   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ -       $ 3,375       $ 5,164       $ 8,539       $ -       $ 3,037       $ 8,363       $ 11,400   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash equivalents consist of money market funds. Fair values for cash equivalents are based on quoted prices in an active market. Fair values for forward currency contracts are based on observable market transactions of spot and forward rates. Fair values for the interest rate swaps and the interest rate cap are based on inputs corroborated by observable market data with similar tenors.

The Company has certain contingent consideration obligations related to acquisitions which are measured at fair value using Level 3 inputs. The amounts due to the sellers are based on the achievement of agreed-upon financial performance metrics by the acquired companies where the contingent obligation is either earned or not earned. The Company records the liability at the time of the acquisition based on management’s best estimates of the future results of the acquired companies compared to the agreed-upon metrics. Subsequent to the date of acquisition, the Company updates the original valuation to reflect current projections of future results of the acquired companies and the passage of time. Accretion of, and changes in the valuations of, contingent consideration are reported in acquisition transaction expenses. See Note 6—Commitments and Contingent Liabilities for additional information related to the contingent payments.

The Company has stock options in a company that became publicly-traded in the third quarter of 2011 which are measured at fair value using Level 3 inputs. The stock options were received as consideration in connection with a licensing agreement entered into by a subsidiary of the Company and became fully-vested in the second quarter of 2011. The Company has recorded an asset for these options which is valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The Company recorded revenue based on the valuation of the options as of the measurement date, which was the vesting date. The changes in the valuation after the measurement date are recorded in other (income) expense, net.

During 2012, the Company recorded impairments related to definite-lived intangible assets of $13.8 million, as a component of depreciation and amortization. The impairment charges primarily related to intangible assets for revenue-generating contracts and client/vendor relationships in the Concerts segment. It was determined that these assets were impaired since the estimated undiscounted cash flows associated with these assets were less than their carrying value. These cash flows were calculated using operating cash flows which were discounted to approximate fair value. The operating cash flows for these non-recurring fair value measurements are considered Level 3 inputs.

Due to their short maturity, the carrying amounts of accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximated their fair values at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

The Company’s outstanding debt held by third-party financial institutions is carried at cost, adjusted for premiums or discounts. The Company’s debt is not publicly-traded and the carrying amounts typically approximate fair value for the Company’s debt that accrues interest at a variable rate, which are considered to be Level 1 inputs. The estimated fair values of the 7% senior notes, the 8.125% senior notes and the 2.875% convertible senior notes were $235.3 million, $272.0 million and $216.1 million at September 30, 2012, respectively. The estimated fair values of the 8.125% senior notes, the 10.75% senior notes and the 2.875% convertible senior notes were $243.3 million, $306.4 million and $193.6 million at December 31, 2011, respectively. See Note 3—Long-term Debt for discussion of the issuance of the 7% senior notes and redemption of the 10.75% senior notes. The estimated fair value of the Company’s third-party fixed-rate debt is based on quoted market prices in active markets for the same or similar debt, which are considered to be Level 2 inputs. The Company has fixed rate debt held by noncontrolling interest partners with a face value of $25.9

 

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million and $26.0 million at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. The Company is unable to determine the fair value of this debt.

NOTE 6—COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

During 2012, the Company has entered into new, or it has exercised options to extend existing, long-term operating leases for office space and venues. These new or extended non-cancelable lease agreements have added future minimum rental commitments of approximately $1.6 million for the remainder of 2012, $18.4 million for 2013, $19.0 million for 2014, $18.1 million for 2015, $17.5 million for 2016 and $222.7 million thereafter. The Company has leases that contain contingent payment requirements for which payments vary depending on revenue, tickets sold or other variables.

Certain agreements relating to acquisitions that occurred prior to the adoption in January 2009 of the new FASB guidance for business combinations provide for purchase price adjustments and other future contingent payments based on the financial performance of the acquired companies. The Company will accrue additional amounts related to such contingent payments, which were part of the business combinations, with a corresponding adjustment to goodwill, if and when it is determinable that the applicable financial performance targets will be met. The aggregate of these contingent payments, if all performance targets are met, would not significantly impact the financial position of the Company. The last contingency period for which the Company has an outstanding contingent earn-out payment is for the period ending December 2017.

The Company also has certain contingent obligations related to acquisitions made after the adoption in January 2009 of the FASB guidance for business combinations. In accordance with the current guidance, contingent consideration associated with business combinations must be recorded at its fair value at the time of the acquisition and reflected at current fair value for each subsequent reporting period thereafter until settled. The Company records these fair value changes in its statements of operations as acquisition transaction expenses. The contingent consideration is generally subject to payout following the achievement of future performance targets and some may be payable in 2012. As of September 30, 2012, the Company has accrued $0.8 million in other current liabilities and $4.4 million in other long-term liabilities and, as of December 31, 2011, the Company had accrued $1.5 million in other current liabilities and $6.9 million in other long-term liabilities representing the fair value of these estimated earn-out arrangements. The last contingency period for which the Company has an outstanding contingent earn-out payment is for the period ending December 2017. See Note 5—Fair Value Measurements for further discussion related to the valuation of the earn-out payments.

In addition, the Company has certain contingent obligations related to acquisitions where the Company does not consolidate the entity, but rather accounts for the investee under the equity method of accounting. If, at acquisition, the fair value of the Company’s share of net assets exceeds the Company’s initial cost, the maximum amount of contingent consideration that could be paid is recorded up to that excess amount. When the contingency is resolved, any difference between the amount recorded and the settlement is recorded as an adjustment to the investment account. The aggregate of contingent payments associated with equity method investments, if all performance targets are met, would not significantly impact the financial position of the Company. As of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 the Company has accrued $3.9 million in other long-term liabilities for each respective period.

Certain agreements relating to acquisitions provide for deferred purchase consideration payments at future dates. A liability is established at the time of the acquisition for these fixed payments. For obligations payable at a date greater than twelve months from the acquisition date, the Company applies a discount rate to present value the obligations. As of December 31, 2011, the Company had accrued $7.1 million in other current liabilities and $2.6 million in other long-term liabilities related to these deferred purchase consideration payments. During the first quarter of 2012, the Company paid the balance of all deferred purchase consideration in full.

CTS Arbitration

Live Nation Worldwide, Inc., (“Live Nation Worldwide”) and CTS were parties to an agreement (the “CTS Agreement”), pursuant to which CTS was to develop and Live Nation Worldwide licensed or agreed to use ticketing software or ticketing platforms. Under the agreement, CTS was to develop software to be licensed to Live Nation Worldwide to provide ticketing services in the United States and Canada. The CTS Agreement also generally required Live Nation Worldwide to use CTS’s ticketing platforms in certain European countries so long as CTS’s existing platforms were appropriately modified to meet local market conditions. In June 2010, Live Nation Worldwide terminated the CTS Agreement because CTS materially breached the agreement by failing to deliver a North American ticketing system that met the contractual requirements of being a “world class ticketing system . . . that fits the needs of the North American market,” and by failing to deliver a ticketing system for the United Kingdom and other European countries that fit the needs of those markets as required by the CTS Agreement.

For North America, had CTS performed on the CTS Agreement, it would have been generally entitled to receive, during the then 10-year term of the CTS Agreement, a per ticket license fee upon the sale of certain tickets that Live Nation Worldwide or any of certain of its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Live Nation Worldwide entities”) controlled and had the right to distribute by virtue of certain promotion and venue management relations. This per ticket fee for events in North America was payable to CTS regardless of whether the Live Nation Worldwide entities chose to use the CTS ticketing platform, Ticketmaster’s ticketing platform or another ticketing platform for the sale of such controlled tickets. For events in certain European countries, not including the United Kingdom, Live Nation Worldwide generally was required, during a 10-year term, to exclusively book on the CTS ticketing platform all tickets

 

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that the Live Nation Worldwide entities had the right to distribute (or, to the extent other ticketing platforms were used, Live Nation Worldwide was generally required to pay to CTS the same fee that would have been payable had the CTS platform been used). For events in the United Kingdom, Live Nation Worldwide was required, for a 10-year term, to (i) book on the CTS ticketing platform all tickets controlled by Live Nation Worldwide entities that were not allocated by Live Nation Worldwide for sale through other sales channels and (ii) to offer for sale on the CTS UK website a portion of the tickets controlled by the Live Nation Worldwide entities. Finally, the CTS Agreement obligated Live Nation Worldwide and CTS to negotiate a set of noncompete agreements that, subject to legal restrictions, could have precluded Live Nation Worldwide from offering primary market ticketing services to third parties in certain European countries during the term of the CTS Agreement.

In April 2010, CTS filed a request for arbitration with the International Court of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce (“ICC”), pursuant to the CTS Agreement. In its request for arbitration, CTS asserts, among other things, that (i) the terms of the CTS Agreement, including the North America per ticket license fee, European exclusivity obligations and United Kingdom distribution obligations described above, apply to tickets sold and distributed by Ticketmaster, (ii) Ticketmaster’s sales and distribution of tickets following the completion of the Merger have resulted in various breaches of Live Nation Worldwide’s obligations under the CTS Agreement, (iii) Live Nation has failed to allocate the proper number of tickets to CTS’s system in the United Kingdom and (iv) the Merger and the Company’s subsequent actions have breached the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing. In its request for arbitration, CTS seeks relief in the form of a declaration that Live Nation and Live Nation Worldwide are in breach of the CTS Agreement and the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing, specific performance of Live Nation Worldwide’s obligations under the CTS Agreement, and unspecified damages resulting from such breaches. In March 2011, CTS provided further specifications on its claims and purported damages, including a claim for royalties that would have been paid over the contemplated 10-year term of the CTS Agreement and on Ticketmaster-controlled tickets (as well as tickets controlled by Live Nation Worldwide or any of certain of its subsidiaries).

In May 2010, the Company responded to CTS’s request for arbitration and filed counterclaims asserting that CTS breached the CTS Agreement by failing to provide ticketing platforms that met the standard required by the CTS Agreement for the North American and European markets. The Company is seeking relief primarily in the form of damages and a declaration that the Company validly terminated the CTS Agreement based on CTS’s material breaches. The Company denies that CTS is entitled to collect damages for royalties that would have been paid over the full 10-year term of the CTS Agreement or on Ticketmaster-controlled tickets. The matter has been assigned to an arbitrator, and hearings were conducted in the summer and fall of 2011. A decision from the arbitrator is currently expected by the end of 2012. While the Company does not believe that a loss is probable of occurring at this time, if the arbitrator rules against the Company on any or all claims, the amounts at stake could be substantial. Considerable uncertainty remains regarding the validity of the claims and damages asserted against the Company. As a result, the Company is currently unable to estimate the possible loss or range of loss for this matter. The Company intends to continue to vigorously defend the action.

Ticketing Fees Consumer Class Action Litigation

In October 2003, a putative representative action was filed in the Superior Court of California challenging Ticketmaster’s charges to online customers for shipping fees and alleging that its failure to disclose on its website that the charges contain a profit component is unlawful. The complaint asserted a claim for violation of California’s Unfair Competition Law (“UCL”) and sought restitution or disgorgement of the difference between (i) the total shipping fees charged by Ticketmaster in connection with online ticket sales during the applicable period, and (ii) the amount that Ticketmaster actually paid to the shipper for delivery of those tickets. In August 2005, the plaintiffs filed a first amended complaint, then pleading the case as a putative class action and adding the claim that Ticketmaster’s website disclosures in respect of its ticket order processing fees constitute false advertising in violation of California’s False Advertising Law. On this new claim, the amended complaint seeks restitution or disgorgement of the entire amount of order processing fees charged by Ticketmaster during the applicable period. In April 2009, the Court granted the plaintiffs’ motion for leave to file a second amended complaint adding new claims that (a) Ticketmaster’s order processing fees are unconscionable under the UCL, and (b) Ticketmaster’s alleged business practices further violate the California Consumer Legal Remedies Act. Plaintiffs later filed a third amended complaint, to which Ticketmaster filed a demurrer in July 2009. The Court overruled Ticketmaster’s demurrer in October 2009.

The plaintiffs filed a class certification motion in August 2009, which Ticketmaster opposed. In February 2010, the Court granted certification of a class on the first and second causes of action, which allege that Ticketmaster misrepresents/omits the fact of a profit component in Ticketmaster’s shipping and order processing fees. The class would consist of California consumers who purchased tickets through Ticketmaster’s website from 1999 to present. The Court denied certification of a class on the third and fourth causes of action, which allege that Ticketmaster’s shipping and order processing fees are unconscionably high. In March 2010, Ticketmaster filed a Petition for Writ of Mandate with the California Court of Appeal, and plaintiffs also filed a motion for reconsideration of the Superior Court’s class certification order. In April 2010, the Superior Court denied plaintiffs’ Motion for Reconsideration of the Court’s class certification order, and the Court of Appeal denied Ticketmaster’s Petition for Writ of Mandate. In June 2010, the Court of Appeal granted the plaintiffs’ Petition for Writ of Mandate and ordered the Superior Court to vacate its February 2010 order denying plaintiffs’ motion to certify a national class and enter a new order granting plaintiffs’ motion to certify a nationwide class on the first and second claims. In September 2010, Ticketmaster filed its Motion for Summary Judgment on all

 

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causes of action in the Superior Court, and that same month plaintiffs filed their Motion for Summary Adjudication of various affirmative defenses asserted by Ticketmaster. In November 2010, Ticketmaster filed its Motion to Decertify Class.

In December 2010, the parties entered into a binding agreement providing for the settlement of the litigation and the resolution of all claims therein. In September 2011, the Court declined to approve the settlement in its then-current form. Litigation continued, and in September 2011, the Court granted in part and denied in part Ticketmaster’s Motion for Summary Judgment. The parties reached a new settlement in September 2011, which was approved preliminarily, but in September 2012 the Court declined to grant final approval. In doing so, the court identified potential modifications to the settlement, and the parties continue to discuss such potential modifications and the possibility of a revised settlement agreement. Ticketmaster and its parent, Live Nation, have not acknowledged any violations of law or liability in connection with the matter.

As of September 30, 2012, the Company has accrued $35.4 million, its best estimate of the probable costs associated with the settlement referred to above. This liability includes an estimated redemption rate. Any difference between the Company’s estimated redemption rate and the actual redemption rate it experiences will impact the final settlement amount; however, the Company does not expect this difference to be material.

Canadian Consumer Class Action Litigation Relating to TicketsNow

In February 2009, five putative consumer class action complaints were filed in various provinces of Canada against TicketsNow, Ticketmaster, Ticketmaster Canada Ltd. and Premium Inventory, Inc. All of the cases allege essentially the same set of facts and causes of action. Each plaintiff purports to represent a class consisting of all persons who purchased a ticket from Ticketmaster, Ticketmaster Canada Ltd. or TicketsNow from February 2007 to present and alleges that Ticketmaster conspired to divert a large number of tickets for resale through the TicketsNow website at prices higher than face value. The plaintiffs characterize these actions as being in violation of Ontario’s Ticket Speculation Act, the Amusement Act of Manitoba, the Amusement Act of Alberta or the Quebec Consumer Protection Act. The Ontario case contains the additional allegation that Ticketmaster’s and TicketsNow’s service fees violate anti-scalping laws. Each lawsuit seeks compensatory and punitive damages on behalf of the class.

In February 2012, the parties entered into a settlement agreement that will resolve all of the resale market claims. The court approval process for the settlement has been completed, with final approvals given in all provinces.

As of September 30, 2012, the Company has accrued its best estimate of the probable costs associated with the resale market claims of this matter, the full amount of which was funded by an escrow established in connection with Ticketmaster’s 2008 acquisition of TicketsNow.

While it is reasonably possible that a loss related to the primary market claims of this matter could be incurred by the Company in a future period, the Company does not believe that a loss is probable of occurring at this time. Considerable uncertainty remains regarding the validity of the claims and damages asserted against the Company. As a result, the Company is currently unable to estimate the possible loss or range of loss for the primary market claims of this matter. The Company intends to continue to vigorously defend all claims in all of the actions.

Other Litigation

From time to time, the Company is involved in other legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of its business, including proceedings and claims based upon violations of antitrust laws and tortious interference, which could cause the Company to incur significant expenses. The Company has also been the subject of personal injury and wrongful death claims relating to accidents at its venues in connection with its operations. As required, the Company has accrued its estimate of the probable settlement or other losses for the resolution of any outstanding claims. These estimates have been developed in consultation with counsel and are based upon an analysis of potential results, including, in some cases, estimated redemption rates for the settlement offered, assuming a combination of litigation and settlement strategies. It is possible, however, that future results of operations for any particular period could be materially affected by changes in the Company’s assumptions or the effectiveness of its strategies related to these proceedings. In addition, under the Company’s agreements with Clear Channel, it has assumed and will indemnify Clear Channel for liabilities related to its business for which they are a party in the defense.

As of September 30, 2012, the Company has accrued $41.5 million for the specific cases discussed above as its best estimate of the probable costs of legal settlement, including $35.4 million for the Ticketing Fees Consumer Class Action litigation settlement.

NOTE 7—CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED-PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Agreements with Liberty Media

In connection with a stockholder agreement, Liberty Media exercised its right to nominate two members to the Company’s board of directors. In February 2011, the Company entered into a subscription agreement with Liberty Media. Pursuant to the subscription agreement, in February and June 2011, the Company sold to Liberty Media 1.8 million and 5.5 million shares, respectively, of the Company’s common stock for aggregate cash consideration of $18.8 million and $57.7 million, respectively.

 

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Transactions Involving Directors

The Company has a non-employee director as of September 30, 2012 who is also a director and executive officer of Clear Channel. This director receives directors’ fees, stock options and restricted stock awards on the same basis as other non-employee members of the Company’s board of directors. Additionally, as of September 30, 2012, the Company has an employee director who is also a director of Clear Channel. From time to time, the Company purchases advertising from Clear Channel and its subsidiaries in the ordinary course of business on an arms-length basis.

The Company has a non-employee director as of September 30, 2012 who is also a director and executive officer of MSG and Cablevision. This director receives directors’ fees, stock options and restricted stock awards on the same basis as other non-employee members of the Company’s board of directors. From time to time, the Company promotes events at venues owned and/or operated by MSG and pays rental fees and co-promote fees to MSG and its subsidiaries. In addition, the Company provides ticketing services for venues and sports franchises owned and/or operated by MSG and pays royalty fees to MSG and its subsidiaries. The Company also receives transaction fees from MSG and its subsidiaries for tickets MSG sells using the Company’s ticketing software. Finally, the Company purchases advertising from Cablevision and its subsidiaries from time to time. All of these transactions are entered into in the ordinary course of business on an arms-length basis.

The following table sets forth expenses incurred and revenue earned from the transactions noted above:

 

     Three Months  Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months  Ended
September 30,
 
      2012      2011      2012      2011  
            (in thousands)         

Director related-party revenue

   $ 3,188       $ 7,066       $ 11,509       $ 7,066   

Director related-party expenses

   $ 4,021       $ 6,940       $ 13,174       $ 8,369   

Transactions Involving Executives

ATC Aviation, Inc. (“ATC”), which is owned by Irving Azoff, owns an aircraft. Irving Azoff is the Company’s Executive Chairman and Chairman of the board of directors. An aircraft management and charter company, unrelated to either the Company or ATC, manages and operates the aircraft on ATC’s behalf and charges market rates for the use of the aircraft when used by Mr. Azoff or other executives on Company business, a portion of which is paid to ATC. For the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, the Company made payments totaling $0.1 million and $0.6 million, respectively, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, the Company made payments totaling $1.2 million in each of the respective periods.

Irving Azoff has a minority ownership interest in an entity that subleases office space from the Company. Rent charged by the Company totaled $0.2 million for each of the three month periods ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 and totaled $0.6 million for each of the nine month periods ended September 30, 2012 and 2011.

In January 2011, pursuant to the provisions of a then effective stockholders’ agreement, the board of directors of Front Line declared a dividend payable in cash to the holders of record of Front Line common stock. This dividend was paid in January 2011 and totaled $20.1 million of which the Company received $15.0 million. The Azoff Trust received a pro rata portion of this dividend totaling $3.0 million. In connection with the January 2011 dividend, Mr. Azoff received a contractual gross-up payment of $0.6 million. Prior to the payment of the dividend, FLMG made a loan to Front Line principally to fund the dividend, evidenced by a promissory note from Front Line to FLMG with a principal amount of $20.7 million and bearing interest at a rate of 4.5%, payable no later than December 31, 2011. This loan was repaid in the first quarter of 2012.

Other Related Parties

During the nine months ended September 30, 2011, the Company paid $6.8 million of deferred consideration due in connection with an acquisition of a company owned by various members of management of one of the Company’s subsidiaries. The acquired company holds the lease of a venue. There were no such deferred consideration payments made during the nine months ended September 30, 2012.

In January 2011, the Company sold a 49.9% noncontrolling interest in its clubs and theaters venue promotion business in Boston to a company partially owned by two employees of one of the Company’s subsidiaries in exchange for assets and cash valued at $12.6 million.

The Company conducts certain transactions in the ordinary course of business with companies that are owned, in part or in total, by various members of management of the Company’s subsidiaries or companies over which it has significant influence. These transactions primarily relate to venue rentals, concession services, equipment rentals, ticketing, marketing and other services. As of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company has a receivable balance of $12.3 million and $13.3 million, respectively, from certain of these companies. The following table sets forth expenses incurred and revenue earned from these companies for

 

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services rendered or provided in relation to these business ventures. None of these transactions were with directors or executive officers of the Company.

 

      Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
      2012      2011      2012      2011  
     (in thousands)  

Other related-parties revenue

   $ 1,651       $ 1,256       $ 3,604       $ 3,196   

Other related-parties expenses

   $ 10,123       $ 1,837       $ 13,980       $ 7,667   

NOTE 8—INCOME TAXES

The Company calculates interim effective tax rates in accordance with the FASB guidance for income taxes and applies the estimated annual effective tax rate to year-to-date pretax income (loss) at the end of each interim period to compute a year-to-date tax expense (or benefit). This guidance requires departure from effective tax rate computations when losses incurred within tax jurisdictions cannot be carried back and future profits associated with operations in those tax jurisdictions cannot be assured beyond any reasonable doubt. Accordingly, the Company has calculated and applied an expected annual effective tax rate of approximately 19% for 2012 (as compared to 19% in the prior year), excluding significant, unusual or extraordinary items, for ordinary income associated with operations for which the Company currently expects to have annual taxable income, which are principally outside of the United States. The Company has not recorded tax benefits associated with losses from operations for which future taxable income cannot be reasonably assured. As required by this guidance, the Company also includes tax effects of significant, unusual or extraordinary items in income tax expense in the interim period in which they occur.

Net income tax expense is $21.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The components of tax expense that contributed to the net income tax expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 primarily consist of income tax expense of $16.5 million based on the expected annual rate pertaining to ordinary income for the nine-month period, state and local taxes of $3.2 million, the establishment of valuation allowances of $0.8 million on deferred tax assets and an increase for discrete unrecognized tax benefits of $1.7 million partially offset by discrete deferred tax benefits of $1.1 million related to a decrease in the United Kingdom tax rate.

As of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company had unrecognized tax benefits of approximately $14.7 million and $13.4 million, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2012, unrecognized tax benefits increased by approximately $1.3 million, primarily attributable to tax, interest and penalty accruals of approximately $2.9 million and currency translation adjustments of $0.1 million. These increases were partially offset by $1.7 million for settlements. All of these unrecognized tax benefits would favorably impact the effective tax rate if recognized in the future.

Historically, the Company has reinvested all foreign earnings in its continuing foreign operations. The Company currently believes all undistributed foreign earnings that are not currently subject to United States federal income tax will be indefinitely reinvested in its foreign operations.

The tax years 2001 through 2011 remain open to examination by the major tax jurisdictions to which the Company is subject.

 

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NOTE 9—STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

The following table shows the reconciliation of the carrying amount of redeemable noncontrolling interests, total stockholders’ equity, stockholders’ equity attributable to Live Nation Entertainment, Inc. and stockholders’ equity attributable to noncontrolling interests:

 

      Redeemable
Noncontrolling
Interests
     Live Nation
Entertainment, Inc.
Stockholders’ Equity
    Noncontrolling
Interests
    Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 
     (in thousands)      (in thousands)  

Balances at December 31, 2011

   $ 8,277       $ 1,461,103      $ 155,791      $ 1,616,894   

Non-cash and stock-based compensation

     -         23,694        -        23,694   

Exercise of stock options

     -         926        -        926   

Acquisitions

     37,864         -        8,128        8,128   

Acquisitions of noncontrolling interests

     -         -        (238     (238

Redeemable noncontrolling interests fair value adjustments

     609         (609     -        (609

Noncontrolling interests contributions

     -         -        130        130   

Cash distributions

     -         -        (9,202     (9,202

Other

     1,517         -        (79     (79

Comprehensive income (loss):

         

Net income (loss)

     (131      (3,510     7,149        3,639   

Unrealized loss on cash flow hedges

     -         (156     -        (156

Change in funded status of defined benefit pension plan

     -         (202     -        (202

Currency translation adjustment

     -         20,296        -        20,296   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balances at September 30, 2012

   $ 48,136       $ 1,501,542      $ 161,679      $ 1,663,221   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Noncontrolling Interests

As of September 30, 2012, for the non-wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Company where the common securities held by the noncontrolling interests do not include put arrangements exercisable outside of the control of the Company, such noncontrolling interests are recorded in stockholders’ equity, separate from the Company’s own equity.

The purchase or sale of additional ownership in an already controlled subsidiary is recorded as an equity transaction with no gain or loss recognized in consolidated net income or comprehensive income. In the first nine months of 2011, the Company acquired the remaining equity interests in Front Line and other smaller companies. There were no significant acquisitions of noncontrolling interests during the first nine months of 2012.

The following schedule reflects the change in ownership interests for these transactions.

 

      Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
      2012      2011      2012     2011  
            (in thousands)        

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders of Live Nation Entertainment, Inc.

   $ 57,948       $ 51,712       $ (3,510   $ 16,509   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Transfers (to) from noncontrolling interest:

          

Changes in Live Nation Entertainment, Inc.’s paid in capital for purchase of noncontrolling interests, net of transaction costs

     4         274         -        84,711   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net transfers (to) from noncontrolling interest

     4         274         -        84,711   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Change from net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders of Live Nation Entertainment, Inc. and transfers (to) from noncontrolling interests

   $ 57,952       $ 51,986       $ (3,510   $ 101,220   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests

For certain of its consolidated subsidiaries, the Company is subject to put arrangements arising from business combinations where the holders of the noncontrolling interests can require the Company to repurchase their shares at specified dates in the future or within specified periods in the future. Certain of these puts can be exercised earlier upon the occurrence of triggering events as specified in the agreements. The exercise dates for these puts range from November 2012 to December 2018. The redemption amounts for these puts are either at a fixed amount, at fair value at the time of exercise or variable based on a formula linked to earnings. In

 

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accordance with the FASB guidance for business combinations, the redeemable noncontrolling interests are recorded at their fair value at the acquisition date. As these put arrangements are not currently redeemable, for increases in the estimated redemption value, or reductions in the estimated redemption value to the extent increases had been recognized previously, the Company accretes changes in the redemption value over the period from the date of issuance to the earliest redemption date of the individual puts, with the offset recorded to additional paid-in capital. Accounting guidance prohibits the recognition of reductions in value below issuance date value. Changes in estimated redemption values that are based on a formula linked to future earnings are computed using projected cash flows each reporting period which take into account the current expectations regarding profitability and the timing of revenue-generating events. For redemption amounts that are fixed dollar amounts, if the initial fair value is the redemption amount, there are no changes recorded until the puts are exercised or expire. The redemption amounts for these put arrangements are reflected in the Company’s balance sheets as redeemable noncontrolling interests outside of permanent equity and, at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, were $48.1 million and $8.3 million, respectively. The increase during the current year is principally related to puts associated with the 2012 acquisitions.

Earnings per Share

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net income (loss) per common share:

 

      Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
      2012      2011      2012     2011  
     (in thousands, except for per share data)  

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders of Live Nation Entertainment, Inc.—basic and diluted

   $ 57,948       $ 51,712       $ (3,510   $ 16,509   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares—basic

     187,154         186,128         186,858        181,116   

Effect of dilutive securities:

          

Stock options, restricted stock and warrants

     2,600         2,403         -        2,191   

2.875% convertible senior notes

     -         -         -        -   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares—diluted

     189,754         188,531         186,858        183,307   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic net income (loss) per common share

   $ 0.31       $ 0.28       $ (0.02   $ 0.09   

Diluted net income (loss) per common share

   $ 0.31       $ 0.27       $ (0.02   $ 0.09   

The calculation of diluted net income (loss) per common share includes the effects of the assumed exercise of any outstanding stock options and warrants, the assumed vesting of shares of restricted stock awards and units and the assumed conversion of the 2.875% convertible senior notes where dilutive. The following table shows securities excluded from the calculation of diluted net income (loss) per common share because such securities are anti-dilutive:

 

      Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
      2012      2011      2012      2011  
            (in thousands)         

Options to purchase shares of common stock

         16,890             16,234             22,213             16,234   

Restricted stock awards and units—unvested

     2,308         2,582         4,061         2,582   

Warrants

     500         500         500         500   

Conversion shares related to 2.875% convertible senior notes

     8,105         8,105         8,105         8,105   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Number of anti-dilutive potentially issuable shares excluded from diluted common shares outstanding

     27,803         27,421         34,879         27,421   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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NOTE 10—STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

The following is a summary of stock-based compensation expense recorded by the Company during the respective periods:

 

      Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012      2011      2012      2011  
            (in thousands)         

Selling, general and administrative expenses

   $ 3,771       $ 3,045       $ 10,414       $ 36,616   

Corporate expenses

     5,906         5,153         17,181         14,539   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total stock-based compensation expense

   $ 9,677       $ 8,198       $ 27,595       $ 51,155   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

In the first quarter of 2011, the Company acquired the remaining equity interests of Front Line. As a result of this acquisition, the Company recorded $24.4 million of stock-based compensation in selling, general and administrative expenses.

As of September 30, 2012, there was $53.6 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to stock-based compensation arrangements for stock options, restricted stock awards and restricted stock units. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.4 years.

Azoff Trust Note

As part of the Merger, a note was issued to the Azoff Trust in exchange for shares of Ticketmaster’s series A convertible redeemable preferred stock held by the Azoff Trust. The note accrues interest equal to 3% of the outstanding principal balance and is payable in monthly installments of $0.8 million through October 1, 2013, subject to Mr. Azoff’s continued employment with the Company. In the event of a termination of Mr. Azoff’s employment with the Company without cause or for good reason or due to death or disability, the note immediately will vest and the balance of the note will be due and paid in a cash lump sum. Upon any other termination of Mr. Azoff’s employment, the Azoff Trust will forfeit the balance of the note. For the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, the Company recorded $1.6 million of expense in each of the respective periods and for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, the Company recorded $4.8 million of expense in each of the respective periods related to this note as a component of corporate expenses.

NOTE 11—SEGMENT DATA

The Company’s reportable segments are Concerts, Ticketing, Artist Nation and Sponsorship & Advertising. Prior to 2012, the Company reported an eCommerce segment, which is now included in the Ticketing and Sponsorship & Advertising segments. Specifically, all online advertising and online sponsorships previously reported in the eCommerce segment are now reported in the Sponsorship & Advertising segment while all other activity has been included in the Ticketing segment. This change was made to be consistent with how the four key components of the business are now being managed.

The Concerts segment involves the promotion of live music events globally in the Company’s owned and/or operated venues and in rented third-party venues, the production of music festivals and the operation and management of music venues and is the aggregation of the Company’s North American Concerts and International Concerts operating segments. The Ticketing segment involves the management of the Company’s global ticketing operations including providing ticketing software and services to clients and online access for customers relating to ticket and event information and is responsible for the Company’s primary websites, www.livenation.com and www.ticketmaster.com. The Ticketing segment is the aggregation of the Company’s North American Ticketing and International Ticketing operating segments. The Artist Nation segment provides management services to artists and other services including merchandise, artist fan sites and VIP tickets and is the aggregation of the Company’s Artist Management and Artist Services operating segments. The Sponsorship & Advertising segment manages the development of strategic sponsorship programs in addition to the sale of international, national and local sponsorships and placement of advertising including signage, promotional programs and banner ads in the Company’s owned and/or operated venues and on its primary websites.

Included in the September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 cash and cash equivalents balance is $394.3 million and $373.9 million, respectively, of funds representing amounts equal to the face value of tickets sold on behalf of clients and the clients’ share of convenience and order processing charges (“client funds”). The Company does not utilize client funds for its own financing or investing activities as the amounts are payable to clients.

The Company has reclassified all periods to conform to the current period presentation. Revenue and expenses earned and charged between segments are eliminated in consolidation. Corporate expenses and all line items below operating income are managed on a total company basis.

The Company manages its working capital on a consolidated basis. Accordingly, segment assets are not reported to, or used by, the Company’s management to allocate resources to or assess performance of the segments, and therefore, total segment assets have not been presented.

 

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The following table presents the results of operations for the Company’s reportable segments for the three and nine months ending September 30, 2012 and 2011:

 

      Concerts     Ticketing     Artist
Nation
    Sponsorship
& Advertising
     Other     Corporate     Eliminations     Consolidated  
                       (in thousands)                    

Three Months Ended September 30, 2012

                 

Revenue

   $ 1,429,912      $ 345,980      $ 127,924      $ 95,805       $ 1,147      $ -      $ (37,622   $ 1,963,146   

Direct operating expenses

     1,235,786        161,566        85,097        11,102         994        -        (37,122     1,457,423   

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     146,528        104,098        22,146        10,760         314        -        -        283,846   

Depreciation and amortization

     27,508        43,315        13,203        320         49        789        (500     84,684   

Loss (gain) on sale of operating assets

     (8     10        -        -         (62     -        -        (60

Corporate expenses

     -        -        -        -         -        30,842        -        30,842   

Acquisition transaction expenses

     1,032        381        -        -         -        483        -        1,896   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

   $ 19,066      $ 36,610      $ 7,478      $ 73,623       $ (148   $ (32,114   $ -      $ 104,515   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Intersegment revenue

   $ 33,510      $ (521   $ 4,633      $ -       $ -      $ -      $ (37,622   $ -   

Three Months Ended September 30, 2011

                 

Revenue

   $ 1,280,297      $ 333,482      $ 121,375      $ 86,388       $ 779      $ -      $ (32,296   $ 1,790,025   

Direct operating expenses

     1,066,140        159,630        80,994        12,528         -        (893     (32,095     1,286,304   

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     131,805        120,947        20,551        8,036         1,123        -        -        282,462   

Depreciation and amortization

     33,103        38,954        10,693        88         13        691        (201     83,341   

Loss (gain) on sale of operating assets

     13        (2     15        -         204        1        -        231   

Corporate expenses

     -        -        -        -         -        27,385        -        27,385   

Acquisition transaction expenses

     826        216        276        -         -        4,175        -        5,493   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

   $ 48,410      $ 13,737      $ 8,846      $ 65,736       $ (561   $ (31,359   $ -      $ 104,809   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Intersegment revenue

   $ 25,455      $ 4,675      $ 2,166      $ -       $ -      $ -      $ (32,296   $ -   

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2012

                 

Revenue

   $ 2,954,635      $ 1,001,463      $ 298,570      $ 193,211       $ 2,345      $ -      $ (68,404   $ 4,381,820   

Direct operating expenses

     2,475,222        467,808        199,106        27,160         571        -        (66,861     3,103,006   

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     423,213        312,099        67,540        28,741         1,331        -        -        832,924   

Depreciation and amortization

     100,004        121,284        36,271        341         72        2,227        (1,543     258,656   

Loss (gain) on sale of operating assets

     (477     (145     -        -         367        -        -        (255

Corporate expenses

     -        -        -        -         -        81,474        -        81,474   

Acquisition transaction expenses

     (373     46        401        -         -        1,261        -        1,335   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

   $ (42,954   $ 100,371      $ (4,748   $ 136,969       $ 4      $ (84,962   $ -      $ 104,680   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Intersegment revenue

   $ 58,548      $ 2,175      $ 7,681      $ -       $ -      $ -      $ (68,404   $ -   

Capital expenditures

   $ 17,385      $ 65,253      $ 476      $ 3,979       $ 3      $ 1,114      $ -      $ 88,210   

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2011

                 

Revenue

   $ 2,811,796      $ 966,687      $ 293,941      $ 182,453       $ 2,385      $ 333      $ (59,279   $ 4,198,316   

Direct operating expenses

     2,353,774        452,584        197,261        28,528         -        (1,895     (58,673     2,971,579   

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     400,421        304,393        89,466        25,763         2,183        -        -        822,226   

Depreciation and amortization

     87,818        111,359        37,305        276         40        1,557        (606     237,749   

Loss (gain) on sale of operating assets

     (677     (88     1,256        -         374        1        -        866   

Corporate expenses

     -        -        -        -         -        73,011        -        73,011   

Acquisition transaction expenses

     (5,289     1,167        (1,906     -         -        13,892        -        7,864   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

   $ (24,251   $ 97,272      $ (29,441   $ 127,886       $ (212   $ (86,233   $ -      $ 85,021   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Intersegment revenue

   $ 41,133      $ 9,008      $ 9,138      $ -       $ -      $ -      $ (59,279   $ -   

Capital expenditures

   $ 15,825      $ 44,249      $ 3,658      $ 892       $ -      $ 4,606      $ -      $ 69,230   

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

“Live Nation” (which may be referred to as the “Company”, “we”, “us” or “our”) means Live Nation Entertainment, Inc. and its subsidiaries, or one of our segments or subsidiaries, as the context requires. You should read the following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations together with the unaudited consolidated financial statements and notes to the financial statements included elsewhere in this quarterly report.

Special Note About Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements contained in this quarterly report (or otherwise made by us or on our behalf from time to time in other reports, filings with the SEC, news releases, conferences, internet postings or otherwise) that are not statements of historical fact constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, notwithstanding that such statements are not specifically identified. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about our financial position, business strategy, competitive position, potential growth opportunities, potential operating performance improvements, the effects of competition, the effects of future legislation or regulations and plans and objectives of our management for future operations. We have based our forward-looking statements on our beliefs and assumptions based on information available to us at the time the statements are made. Use of the words “may,” “should,” “continue,” “plan,” “potential,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “outlook,” “could,” “target,” “project,” “seek,” “predict,” or variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements but are not the exclusive means of identifying such statements.

Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in such statements. Factors that could cause actual results to differ from those discussed in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, those set forth below under Part II Item 1A.—Risk Factors, as well as other factors described herein or in our annual, quarterly and other reports we file with the SEC (collectively, cautionary statements). Based upon changing conditions, should any one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should any underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those described in any forward-looking statements. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the applicable cautionary statements. We do not intend to update these forward-looking statements, except as required by applicable law.

Executive Overview

In the third quarter of 2012, Live Nation revenue increased 10% as compared to last year driven by an increase in our Concerts segment from higher event activity along with the impact of acquisitions completed earlier during the year. We had an increase in amphitheater events in North America along with higher international activity from our global touring artists. We continue to see the number of tickets sold in the Ticketing segment increase, driven from growth in both concerts and sports tickets, along with higher overall attendance in our Concerts segment on a slightly lower number of events. Our strategy remains centered on expanding our presence in the world’s largest live entertainment markets and leveraging our leadership position in the live entertainment industry to promote more concerts, sell more tickets and grow our sponsorship and online advertising revenue, while continuing to optimize our cost structure. As the leading global live event, ticketing and artist management company, we believe that we are well-positioned to effectively serve artists, teams, fans and venues.

Our Concerts segment delivered a 12% increase in revenue in the third quarter as compared to last year through more amphitheater events and increased attendance and profitability per show at those events, higher festival activity and increased global touring activity. Our concert attendance was up 2% globally driven by higher average attendance per show as our overall number of events in the quarter declined by 1%. Due to the cyclical nature of the Concerts business, our overall operating results declined as we saw some activity shift into the second and fourth quarters of 2012. We continued to grow our festival base by investing in several new festivals that we have started or acquired, both internationally and in North America, and we remain focused on selling more tickets and continuing to improve the profitability of our shows.

Our Ticketing segment revenue grew by 4% due to increased global ticket sales and higher resale activity. We continued working on the renewal of our core ticketing infrastructure, now in the second year of a three-year project as well as investing in mobile and other ecommerce enhancements. Our operating results improved this quarter driven by the increase in ticket sales as well as a reduction in legal costs for a ticketing class action settlement recorded in the third quarter of 2011. Our Ticketing business is focused on delivering an improved consumer experience for our fans as well as delivering additional tools to our venue clients as we continue to focus on improving the ticket-buying experience.

Our Artist Nation segment delivered a 5% increase in revenue for the third quarter driven by higher artist premium ticketing services activity as well as the impact of acquisitions. Overall, operating income is slightly down from last year due to lower management and touring merchandise income. Our artist management business continues to focus on adding new artists, serving its existing artists and growing our other artist services business by developing new relationships with the top artists and extending our services provided.

 

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Our Sponsorship & Advertising segment third quarter revenue increased by 11% primarily driven by higher sponsorship of festival assets along with the timing of certain festivals which moved from the second quarter to the third quarter this year. This business continues to deliver high operating margins, currently at 71% year-to-date, that drive our overall results. We entered into a new relationship with Skype this quarter. We believe that our extensive on-site and online reach, global venue distribution network, artist relationships and ticketing operations are key to securing long-term sponsorship agreements with major brands and we continue to look for ways to expand these assets and to extend further internationally in new markets.

We remain excited about the long-term potential of our Company as we continue to focus on the key elements of our business model—promoting more concerts in more markets, leveraging social media to promote events, growing our sponsorship and online advertising revenue and selling more tickets while capturing more of the gross proceeds.

Our History

We were incorporated in Delaware on August 2, 2005 in preparation for the spin-off of substantially all of Clear Channel’s entertainment assets and liabilities. The Separation was completed on December 21, 2005, at which point we became a publicly traded company on the New York Stock Exchange trading under the symbol “LYV”.

On January 25, 2010, we completed our Merger with Ticketmaster. Effective on the date of the Merger, Ticketmaster became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Live Nation and Live Nation, Inc. changed its name to Live Nation Entertainment, Inc.

Segment Overview

Our reportable segments are Concerts, Ticketing, Artist Nation and Sponsorship & Advertising. Prior to 2012 we reported an eCommerce segment, which is now included in our Ticketing and Sponsorship & Advertising segments. Specifically, all online advertising and online sponsorships previously reported in the eCommerce segment are now reported in the Sponsorship & Advertising segment while all other activity has been included in the Ticketing segment. This change was made to be consistent with how the four key components of the business are now being managed.

The segment results for the prior periods have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.

Concerts

Our Concerts segment principally involves the global promotion of live music events in our owned and/or operated venues and in rented third-party venues, the operation and management of music venues and the production of music festivals across the world. While our Concerts segment operates year-round, we experience higher revenue during the second and third quarters due to the seasonal nature of shows at our outdoor amphitheaters and festivals, which primarily occur May through September.

To judge the health of our Concerts segment, we primarily monitor the number of confirmed events in our network of owned and/or operated and third-party venues, talent fees, average paid attendance and advance ticket sales. In addition, at our owned and/or operated venues, we monitor attendance, ancillary revenue per fan and premium seat sales. For business that is conducted in foreign markets, we compare the operating results from our foreign operations to prior periods on a constant currency basis.

Ticketing

The Ticketing segment is primarily an agency business that sells tickets for events on behalf of our clients and retains a convenience charge and order processing fee for our services. We sell tickets through a combination of websites, telephone services and ticket outlets. Our ticketing sales are impacted by fluctuations in the availability of events for sale to the public, which may vary depending upon scheduling by our clients. Our Ticketing segment also manages our online activities including enhancements to our websites and bundling product offerings. Through our websites, we sell tickets to our own events as well as tickets for our ticketing clients and disseminate event and related merchandise information online. Revenue related to ticketing service charges for our events where we control ticketing is deferred and recognized as the event occurs.

To judge the health of our Ticketing segment, we primarily review the number of tickets sold through our ticketing operations, average convenience charges and order processing fees, the number of clients renewed or added and the average royalty rate paid to clients who use our ticketing services. In addition, we review the number of unique visitors to our websites, the overall number of customers in our database and the revenue related to the sale of other products on our websites. For business that is conducted in foreign markets, we compare the operating results from our foreign operations to prior periods on a constant currency basis.

Artist Nation

The Artist Nation segment primarily provides management services to music artists in exchange for a commission on the earnings of these artists. Our Artist Nation segment also sells merchandise associated with music artists at live performances, to retailers and directly to consumers via the internet and also provides other services to artists. Revenue earned from our Artist Nation segment is impacted to a large degree by the touring schedules of the artists we represent. Generally, we experience higher revenue during the second and third quarters as the period from May through September tends to be a popular time for touring events.

 

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To judge the health of our Artist Nation segment, we primarily review the average annual earnings of each artist represented, percent of top artists on tour and planned album releases. For business that is conducted in foreign markets, we compare the operating results from our foreign operations to prior periods on a constant currency basis.

Sponsorship & Advertising

Our Sponsorship & Advertising segment employs a sales force that creates and maintains relationships with sponsors, through a combination of strategic, international, national and local opportunities for businesses to reach customers through our concert, venue, artist relationship and ticketing assets, including advertising on our websites. We work with our corporate clients to help create marketing programs that drive their businesses.

To judge the health of our Sponsorship & Advertising segment, we primarily review the average revenue per sponsor, the total revenue generated through sponsorship arrangements, percent of expected revenue under contract and the online revenue received from sponsors advertising on our websites.

 

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Consolidated Results of Operations

 

     Three Months Ended September 30,     %
Change
    Nine Months Ended September 30,     %
Change
 
     2012     2011       2012     2011    
     (in thousands)           (in thousands)        

Revenue

   $ 1,963,146      $ 1,790,025        10   $ 4,381,820      $ 4,198,316        4

Operating expenses:

            

Direct operating expenses

     1,457,423        1,286,304        13     3,103,006        2,971,579        4

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     283,846        282,462        0     832,924        822,226        1

Depreciation and amortization

     84,684        83,341        2     258,656        237,749        9

Loss (gain) on sale of operating assets

     (60     231        *        (255     866        *   

Corporate expenses

     30,842        27,385        13     81,474        73,011        12

Acquisition transaction expenses

     1,896        5,493        *        1,335        7,864        *   
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating income

     104,515        104,809        (0 )%      104,680        85,021        23

Operating margin

     5.3     5.9       2.4     2.0  

Interest expense

     35,535        30,388          94,733        90,462     

Interest income

     (994     (1,023       (2,825     (2,848  

Equity in earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates

     (3,117     (2,777       (8,799     (5,549  

Other (income) expense, net

     (7,035     6,461          (3,393     7,207     
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Income (loss) before income taxes

     80,126        71,760          24,964        (4,251  

Income tax expense (benefit)

     11,950        8,739          21,456        (29,544  
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Net income

     68,176        63,021          3,508        25,293     

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     10,228        11,309          7,018        8,784     
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders of Live Nation Entertainment, Inc.

   $ 57,948      $ 51,712        $ (3,510   $ 16,509     
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

* Percentages are not meaningful.

 

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Key Operating Metrics

 

     Three Months Ended September 30,      Nine Months Ended September 30,  
     2012      2011      2012      2011  

Concerts (1)

           

Total estimated events:

           

North America

     3,955         4,105         11,152         11,332   

International

     1,227         1,136         4,536         4,248   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total estimated events

     5,182         5,241         15,688         15,580   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total estimated attendance (rounded):

           

North America

     11,542,000         12,253,000         25,150,000         25,097,000   

International

     4,271,000         3,304,000         11,677,000         10,449,000   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total estimated attendance

     15,813,000         15,557,000         36,827,000         35,546,000   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ancillary net revenue per attendee (2):

           

North America amphitheaters

         $ 18.55       $ 18.03   

International festivals

         $ 15.71       $ 16.80   

Ticketing (3)

           

Number of tickets sold (in thousands):

           

Concerts

     19,421         18,302         54,832         53,090   

Sports

     6,709         6,427         23,249         20,765   

Arts and theater

     4,493         5,374         13,683         14,938   

Family

     3,676         3,008         11,277         9,771   

Other (4)

     1,771         1,784         5,221         4,388   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     36,070         34,895         108,262         102,952   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Gross value of tickets sold (in thousands)

   $ 2,092,102       $ 2,004,099       $ 6,503,452       $ 6,154,589   

Number of customers in database (2)(rounded)

           116,391,000         107,298,000   

Sponsorship & Advertising

           

Sponsorship revenue (in thousands)

   $ 81,511       $ 72,679       $ 155,479       $ 147,102   

Online advertising revenue (in thousands)

   $ 14,294       $ 13,709       $ 37,732       $ 35,351   

 

(1) Events generally represent a single performance by an artist. Attendance generally represents the number of fans who were present at an event. Festivals are counted as one event in the quarter in which the festival begins but attendance is split over the days of the festival and can be split between quarters. Events and attendance metrics are estimated each quarter.
(2) Amounts are reported as of the latest period shown.
(3) The number and gross value of tickets sold includes primary tickets only and excludes tickets sold for the 2012 Olympics. These metrics include tickets sold during the period regardless of event timing except for our promoted concerts in our owned and/or operated venues and in certain European territories where these tickets are recognized as the concerts occur.
(4) Other category includes tickets for comedy shows, facility tours, donations, lectures, seminars and cinema.
.

 

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Revenue

Our revenue increased $173.1 million, or 10%, during the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. The overall increase in revenue was primarily due to increases in our Concerts, Ticketing, Artist Nation and Sponsorship & Advertising segments of $149.6 million, $12.5 million, $6.5 million and $9.4 million, respectively. Excluding the decrease of approximately $50.5 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, revenue increased $223.6 million, or 12%.

Our revenue increased $183.5 million, or 4%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. The overall increase in revenue was primarily due to increases in our Concerts, Ticketing and Sponsorship & Advertising segments of $142.8 million, $34.8 million and $10.8 million, respectively. Excluding the decrease of approximately $101.6 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, revenue increased $285.1 million, or 7%.

More detailed explanations of these changes are included in the applicable segment discussions below.

Direct operating expenses

Our direct operating expenses increased $171.1 million, or 13%, during the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. The overall increase in direct operating expenses was primarily due to an increase in our Concerts segment of $169.6 million. Excluding the decrease of approximately $41.4 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, direct operating expenses increased $212.5 million, or 17%.

Our direct operating expenses increased $131.4 million, or 4%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. The overall increase in direct operating expenses was primarily due to increases in our Concerts and Ticketing segments of $121.4 million and $15.2 million, respectively. Excluding the decrease of approximately $78.5 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, direct operating expenses increased $209.9 million, or 7%.

Direct operating expenses include artist fees, ticketing client royalties, show-related marketing and advertising expenses along with other costs.

More detailed explanations of these changes are included in the applicable segment discussions below.

Selling, general and administrative expenses

Our selling, general and administrative expenses increased $1.4 million during the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. The overall increase in selling, general and administrative expenses was primarily due to an increase in our Concerts segment of $14.7 million partially offset by a decrease of $16.9 million in our Ticketing segment. Excluding the decrease of approximately $5.9 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, selling, general and administrative expenses increased $7.3 million, or 3%.

Our selling, general and administrative expenses increased $10.7 million, or 1%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. The overall increase in selling, general and administrative expenses was primarily due to increases in our Concerts and Ticketing segments of $22.8 million and $7.7 million, respectively. These increases were partially offset by a decrease of $21.9 million in our Artist Nation segment. Excluding the decrease of approximately $15.4 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, selling, general and administrative expenses increased $26.1 million, or 3%.

More detailed explanations of these changes are included in the applicable segment discussions below.

Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation and amortization increased $1.3 million, or 2%, during the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of approximately $1.0 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, depreciation and amortization increased $2.3 million, or 3%.

Depreciation and amortization increased $20.9 million, or 9%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. The overall increase in depreciation and amortization was primarily due to increases in our Concerts and Ticketing segments of $12.2 million and $9.9 million, respectively. Excluding the decrease of approximately $2.6 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, depreciation and amortization increased $23.5 million, or 10%.

More detailed explanations of these changes are included in the applicable segment discussions below.

Corporate expenses

Corporate expenses increased $3.5 million, or 13%, and $8.5 million, or 12%, during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, respectively, as compared to the same periods of the prior year primarily due to higher legal and noncash compensation expenses.

 

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Acquisition transaction expenses

Acquisition transaction expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2012 were $1.9 million consisting primarily of costs associated with current year acquisitions. Acquisition transaction expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 were $1.3 million consisting primarily of costs associated with current year acquisitions, ongoing litigation costs relating to the Merger and changes in the fair value of acquisition-related contingent consideration.

Acquisition transaction expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011 were $5.5 million and $7.9 million, respectively, consisting primarily of litigation costs relating to the Merger and changes in the fair value of acquisition-related contingent consideration.

Interest expense

Interest expense increased $5.1 million, or 17%, and $4.3 million, or 5%, during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, respectively, as compared to the same periods of the prior year primarily due to additional term loan B borrowing under our senior secured credit facility and the impact of the costs related to the issuance of the 7% senior notes and redemption of the 10.75% senior notes.

Our debt balances and weighted-average cost of debt, excluding unamortized debt discounts and premiums, were $1.786 billion and 5.3%, respectively, at September 30, 2012 and $1.745 billion and 6.0%, respectively, at September 30, 2011.

Equity in earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates

Equity in earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates increased $3.3 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year primarily due to higher earnings from several artist management companies.

Other (income) expense, net

Other (income) expense, net was $(7.4) million and $(3.8) million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, respectively, and includes the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates of $(5.9) million and $(2.9) million, respectively.

Other (income) expense, net was $6.4 million and $7.2 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011, respectively, and includes the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates of $5.8 million and $6.9 million, respectively.

Income taxes

We calculate interim effective tax rates in accordance with the FASB guidance for income taxes and apply the estimated annual effective tax rate to year-to-date pretax income (loss) at the end of each interim period to compute a year-to-date tax expense (or benefit). This guidance requires departure from the effective tax rate computations when losses incurred within tax jurisdictions cannot be carried back and future profits associated with operations in those tax jurisdictions cannot be assured beyond any reasonable doubt. Accordingly, we have calculated an expected annual effective tax rate of approximately 19% for 2012 (as compared to 19% in the prior year), excluding significant, unusual or extraordinary items, for ordinary income associated with operations for which we currently expect to have annual taxable income, which are principally outside of the United States. The effective tax rate has been applied to year-to-date earnings for those operations for which we currently expect to have taxable income. We have not recorded tax benefits associated with losses from operations for which future taxable income cannot be reasonably assured. As required by this guidance, we also include tax effects of significant, unusual or extraordinary items in income tax expense in the interim period in which they occur.

Net income tax expense is $21.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The components of tax expense that contributed to the net tax expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2012, primarily consists of income tax expense of $16.5 million based on the expected annual rate pertaining to ordinary income for the nine months, state and local taxes of $3.2 million, the establishment of valuation allowances of $0.8 million on deferred tax assets and an increase for discrete unrecognized tax benefits of $1.7 million partially offset by discrete deferred tax benefits of $1.1 million related to a decrease in the United Kingdom tax rate.

 

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Concerts Results of Operations

Our Concerts segment operating results were, and discussions of significant variances are, as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    %
Change
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
    %
Change
 
     2012     2011           2012     2011        
     (in thousands)           (in thousands)        

Revenue

   $ 1,429,912      $ 1,280,297        12   $ 2,954,635      $ 2,811,796        5

Direct operating expenses

     1,235,786        1,066,140        16     2,475,222        2,353,774        5

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     146,528        131,805        11     423,213        400,421        6

Depreciation and amortization

     27,508        33,103        (17 )%      100,004        87,818        14

Loss (gain) on sale of operating assets

     (8     13        *        (477     (677     *   

Acquisition transaction expenses

     1,032        826        *        (373     (5,289     *   
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating income (loss)

   $ 19,066      $ 48,410        (61 )%    $ (42,954   $ (24,251     77
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating margin

     1.3     3.8       (1.5 )%      (0.9 )%   

Adjusted operating income **

   $ 49,133      $ 83,684        (41 )%    $ 60,390      $ 62,196        (3 )% 

 

* Percentages are not meaningful.
** Adjusted operating income (loss) is defined and reconciled to operating income (loss) below.

Three Months

Concerts revenue increased $149.6 million, or 12%, during the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $41.8 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, revenue increased $191.4 million, or 15%, partially due to incremental revenue of $61.5 million resulting from acquisitions, primarily from the April 2012 acquisition of Coppel, the May 2012 acquisition of Cream and the July 2012 acquisition of DPS. In addition, revenue increased due to current activity from global tours, more events and higher per show attendance in stadiums and North America owned and/or operated amphitheaters and increased festival activity. Partially offsetting these increases was a reduction in revenue due to fewer arena shows.

Concerts direct operating expenses increased $169.6 million, or 16%, during the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $38.3 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, direct operating expenses increased $207.9 million, or 20%, partially due to incremental direct operating expenses of $57.3 million resulting from acquisitions, primarily from those noted above. In addition, we incurred higher expenses associated with the increase in events, the introduction of new festivals incurring additional start-up costs and higher global touring costs in the quarter relative to revenue due to the structures and routing of these tours. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in expenses associated with the reduction in arena shows discussed above.

Concerts selling, general and administrative expenses increased $14.7 million, or 11%, during the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $3.7 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, selling, general and administrative expenses increased by $18.4 million, or 14%, primarily due to increases in compensation-related costs, increased marketing costs to expand our event marketing and additional rent associated with a new venue in Amsterdam along with incremental selling, general and administrative expenses of $2.0 million resulting primarily from the acquisitions noted above.

Concerts depreciation and amortization expense decreased $5.6 million, or 17%, during the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $0.5 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, depreciation and amortization expense decreased $5.1 million, or 15%, primarily due to a reduction in depreciation resulting from an impairment charge recorded in the third quarter of 2011 related to an amphitheater partially offset by increased amortization resulting from the addition of definite-lived intangible assets associated with recent acquisitions.

The decreased operating income for Concerts for the three months ended September 30, 2012 was primarily driven by the timing of global tours and related results based on the structures and routing of these tours, the timing and results of international festivals and new festival start-up costs globally.

Nine Months

Concerts revenue increased $142.8 million, or 5%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $80.9 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, revenue increased $223.7 million, or 8%, partially due to incremental revenue of $73.2 million resulting from acquisitions, primarily from the acquisitions of Coppel, Cream and DPS. In addition, revenue increased due to more events and higher per show attendance in North America owned and/or operated amphitheaters, theaters and clubs and third-party stadiums along with increased festival activity

 

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resulting from new events and higher attendance. These increases were partially offset by a reduction in arena shows and global touring activity due to the timing, size and location of tours compared to the prior year.

Concerts direct operating expenses increased $121.4 million, or 5%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $70.9 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, direct operating expenses increased $192.3 million, or 8%, partially due to incremental direct operating expenses of $67.3 million resulting primarily from the acquisitions noted above. We also had higher expenses associated with the increased number of events and festival activity noted above. These increases were partially offset by the timing and size of global touring activity and fewer arena shows.

Concerts selling, general and administrative expenses increased $22.8 million, or 6%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $9.4 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, selling, general and administrative expenses increased by $32.2 million, or 8%, primarily due to increases in compensation-related costs, increased marketing costs to expand our event marketing and rent on a new venue along with incremental expenses of $3.5 million resulting primarily from the acquisitions noted above.

Concerts depreciation and amortization expense increased $12.2 million, or 14%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $1.2 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, depreciation and amortization expense increased $13.4 million, or 15%, primarily due to increased amortization resulting from $13.8 million of impairment charges recorded in the second quarter of 2012 related to revenue-generating and client/vendor relationship intangibles and additional definite-lived intangible amortization associated with recent acquisitions. These increases were partially offset by a reduction in depreciation expense resulting from a 2011 impairment charge related to an amphitheater that was no longer in operation.

Concerts acquisition transaction expenses increased $4.9 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year primarily due to less reductions in the fair value of acquisition-related contingent consideration in 2012.

The increased operating loss for Concerts for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 was primarily driven by the timing of global tours and related results based on the structures and routing of these tours, timing and results of international festivals and higher selling, general and administrative expenses and amortization expense, partially offset by the improved results of our owned and/or operated amphitheaters.

Ticketing Results of Operations

Our Ticketing segment operating results were, and discussions of significant variances are, as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    %
Change
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
    %
Change
 
     2012     2011           2012     2011        
     (in thousands)           (in thousands)        

Revenue

   $ 345,980      $ 333,482        4   $ 1,001,463      $ 966,687        4

Direct operating expenses

     161,566        159,630        1     467,808        452,584        3

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     104,098        120,947        (14 )%      312,099        304,393        3

Depreciation and amortization

     43,315        38,954        11     121,284        111,359        9

Loss (gain) on sale of operating assets

     10        (2     *        (145     (88     *   

Acquisition transaction expenses

     381        216        *        46        1,167        *   
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating income

   $ 36,610      $ 13,737        *      $ 100,371      $ 97,272        3
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating margin

     10.6     4.1       10.0     10.1  

Adjusted operating income **

   $ 82,081      $ 54,269        51   $ 226,017      $ 213,603        6

 

* Percentages are not meaningful.
** Adjusted operating income (loss) is defined and reconciled to operating income (loss) below.

Three Months

Ticketing revenue increased $12.5 million, or 4%, during the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $5.6 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, revenue increased $18.1 million, or 5%, primarily due to increased ticket sales, higher ticket fees associated with the 2012 Olympics and Paralympics and higher domestic resale volume.

Ticketing direct operating expenses increased $1.9 million, or 1%, during the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $2.5 million related to the impact of changes in foreign

 

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exchange rates, revenue increased $4.4 million, or 3%, primarily due to higher costs related to the increase in ticket sales discussed above.

Ticketing selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $16.9 million, or 14%, during the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $2.0 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $14.9 million, or 12%, primarily due to an accrual in the third quarter of 2011 related to a legal settlement.

Ticketing depreciation and amortization increased $4.4 million, or 11%, during the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $0.5 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, depreciation and amortization increased $4.9 million, or 12%, primarily due to increased amortization of non-recoupable contract advances and higher depreciation from our investment in our technology platform.

The increase in Ticketing operating income for the three months ended September 30, 2012 was primarily due to the increase in ticket sales, higher fees related to the Olympics and reduced litigation expenses partially offset by higher depreciation and amortization expenses as noted above.

Nine Months

Ticketing revenue increased $34.8 million, or 4%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $15.2 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, revenue increased $50.0 million, or 5%, partially due to incremental revenue of $8.5 million resulting from the acquisitions of TGLP in January 2011 and Serviticket in April 2011. Revenue also increased due to higher ticket sales for concerts and sporting events and higher resale volume.

Ticketing direct operating expenses increased $15.2 million, or 3%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $6.5 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, direct operating expenses increased $21.7 million, or 5%, primarily due to additional costs associated with the increase in ticket sales noted above and incremental direct operating expenses of $3.8 million resulting from the acquisitions noted above.

Ticketing selling, general and administrative expenses increased $7.7 million, or 3%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $5.7 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, selling, general and administrative expenses increased $13.4 million, or 4%, primarily due to increased headcount and other expenses associated with the investment in our technology platform and costs associated with the preparation for the 2012 Olympics. We also incurred incremental expenses of $6.0 million resulting from the acquisitions noted above along with BigChampagne in December 2011. These increases were partially offset by an accrual in the third quarter of 2011 related to a legal settlement.

Ticketing depreciation and amortization increased $9.9 million, or 9%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $1.3 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, depreciation and amortization increased $11.2 million, or 10%, primarily due to increased amortization related to non-recoupable contract advances and higher depreciation from our investment in our technology platform.

The increase in operating income for Ticketing for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 was primarily due to improved primary ticket sales and resale volume partially offset by costs related to our investment to enhance our ticketing platform and the increased depreciation and amortization noted above.

 

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Artist Nation Results of Operations

Our Artist Nation segment operating results were, and discussions of significant variances are, as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    %
Change
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
    %
Change
 
     2012     2011           2012     2011        
     (in thousands)           (in thousands)        

Revenue

   $ 127,924      $ 121,375        5   $ 298,570      $ 293,941        2

Direct operating expenses

     85,097        80,994        5     199,106        197,261        1

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     22,146        20,551        8     67,540        89,466        (25 )% 

Depreciation and amortization

     13,203        10,693        23     36,271        37,305        (3 )% 

Loss on sale of operating assets

     -        15        *        -        1,256        *   

Acquisition transaction expenses

     -        276        *        401        (1,906     *   
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating income (loss)

   $ 7,478      $ 8,846        (15 )%    $ (4,748   $ (29,441     (84 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating margin

     5.8     7.3       (1.6 )%      (10.0 )%   

Adjusted operating income **

   $ 21,034      $ 19,964        5   $ 32,957      $ 34,990        (6 )% 

 

* Percentages are not meaningful.
** Adjusted operating income (loss) is defined and reconciled to operating income (loss) below.

Three Months

Artist Nation revenue increased $6.5 million, or 5%, during the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $0.3 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, revenue increased $6.8 million, or 6%, primarily due to increased sales of VIP ticket packages and incremental revenue of $1.8 million resulting from acquisitions, primarily from the acquisition of T-Shirt Printers in October 2011. These increases were partially offset by decreased management commissions driven by the timing of tours along with reduced retail merchandise sales.

Artist Nation direct operating expenses increased $4.1 million, or 5%, during the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $0.2 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, direct operating expenses increased $4.3 million, or 5%, primarily due to increased costs for VIP ticket packages partially offset by a decline in retail merchandise sales.

The operating income for Artist Nation for the three months ended September 30, 2012 remained relatively flat as compared to the same period of the prior year.

Nine Months

Artist Nation revenue increased $4.6 million, or 2%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $0.6 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, revenue increased $5.2 million, or 2%, primarily due to incremental revenue of $9.3 million resulting primarily from the acquisition of T-Shirt Printers in October 2011. Revenue also increased due to higher VIP ticket packages sales partially offset by a decline in tour merchandise due to the timing of tours.

Artist Nation direct operating expenses increased $1.8 million, or 1%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $0.6 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, direct operating expenses increased $2.4 million, or 1%, primarily due to increased cost for VIP ticket packages and incremental direct operating expenses of $7.7 million resulting from acquisitions as noted above. These increases were partially offset by a decline in tour merchandise sales due to the timing of artists tours.

Artist Nation selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $21.9 million, or 25%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year primarily due to $24.4 million of stock-based compensation expense recorded in the first quarter of 2011 related to the acquisition of the remaining interests in Front Line.

Artist Nation depreciation and amortization decreased $1.0 million, or 3%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year primarily due to changes in the estimated useful lives of certain intangibles.

The decreased operating loss for Artist Nation for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 was primarily due to lower stock-based compensation expenses driven by the prior year costs related to the acquisition of the remaining interests in Front Line in the first quarter of 2011.

 

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Sponsorship & Advertising Results of Operations

Our Sponsorship & Advertising segment operating results were, and discussions of significant variances are, as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    %
Change
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
    %
Change
 
     2012     2011           2012     2011        
     (in thousands)           (in thousands)        

Revenue

   $ 95,805      $ 86,388        11   $ 193,211      $ 182,453        6

Direct operating expenses

     11,102        12,528        (11 )%      27,160        28,528        (5 )% 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     10,760        8,036        34     28,741        25,763        12

Depreciation and amortization

     320        88        *        341        276        24
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating income

   $ 73,623      $ 65,736        12   $ 136,969      $ 127,886        7
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating margin

     76.8     76.1       70.9     70.1  

Adjusted operating income **

   $ 74,140      $ 66,032        12   $ 137,776      $ 128,636        7

 

* Percentages are not meaningful.
** Adjusted operating income (loss) is defined and reconciled to operating income (loss) below.

Three Months

Sponsorship & Advertising revenue increased $9.4 million, or 11%, during the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $2.9 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, revenue increased $12.3 million, or 14%, primarily due to increased sponsorships for festivals overall along with changes in the timing of certain festivals.

Sponsorship & Advertising direct operating expenses decreased $1.4 million, or 11%, during the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $0.3 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, direct operating expense decreased $1.1 million, or 9%, due to lower costs incurred in connection with fulfilling certain sponsorships.

Sponsorship & Advertising selling, general and administrative expenses increased $2.7 million, or 34%, during the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $0.1 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, selling, general and administrative expenses increased $2.8 million, or 35%, primarily due to increased headcount and compensation-related costs.

The increased operating income for the three months ended September 30, 2012 was primarily due to the increase in sponsorships related to festivals and lower costs associated with certain sponsorships partially offset by increased selling, general and administrative expenses.

Nine Months

Sponsorship & Advertising revenue increased $10.8 million, or 6%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $4.9 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, revenue increased $15.7 million, or 9%, resulting primarily from an increase in North American sponsorships, online advertising growth and sponsorships associated with festivals.

Sponsorship & Advertising selling, general and administrative expenses increased $3.0 million, or 12%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to the same period of the prior year. Excluding the decrease of $0.2 million related to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates, selling, general and administrative expenses increased $3.2 million, or 12%, primarily due to increased headcount and compensation-related costs.

The increased operating income for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 was primarily due to higher North American sponsorships, increased festival sponsorships and online advertising growth partially offset by increased selling, general and administrative expenses.

 

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Reconciliation of Segment Adjusted Operating Income (Loss)

AOI is a non-GAAP financial measure that we define as operating income (loss) before acquisition expenses (including transaction costs, changes in the fair value of accrued acquisition-related contingent consideration arrangements, payments under the Azoff Trust note and acquisition-related severance), depreciation and amortization (including goodwill impairment), loss (gain) on sale of operating assets and non-cash and certain stock-based compensation expense (including expense associated with grants of certain stock-based awards which are classified as liabilities). We use AOI to evaluate the performance of our operating segments. We believe that information about AOI assists investors by allowing them to evaluate changes in the operating results of our portfolio of businesses separate from non-operational factors that affect net income, thus providing insights into both operations and the other factors that affect reported results. AOI is not calculated or presented in accordance with GAAP. A limitation of the use of AOI as a performance measure is that it does not reflect the periodic costs of certain amortizing assets used in generating revenue in our business. Accordingly, AOI should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, operating income (loss), net income (loss), and other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with GAAP. Furthermore, this measure may vary among other companies; thus, AOI as presented herein may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.

The following table sets forth the computation of adjusted operating income (loss):

 

     Adjusted
operating
income
(loss)
    Non-cash
and stock-
based
compensation
expense
     Loss (gain)
on sale of
operating
assets
    Depreciation
and
amortization
    Acquisition
expenses
    Operating
income
(loss)
 
            (in thousands)              

Three Months Ended September 30, 2012

             

Concerts

   $ 49,133      $ 1,535       $ (8   $ 27,508      $ 1,032      $ 19,066   

Ticketing

     82,081        1,686         10        43,315        460        36,610   

Artist Nation

     21,034        353         -        13,203        -        7,478   

Sponsorship & Advertising

     74,140        197         -        320        -        73,623   

Other and Eliminations

     (661     -         (62     (451     -        (148

Corporate

     (23,334     5,906         -        789        2,085        (32,114
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 202,393      $ 9,677       $ (60   $ 84,684      $ 3,577      $ 104,515   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2011

             

Concerts

   $ 83,684      $ 1,332       $ 13      $ 33,103      $ 826      $ 48,410   

Ticketing

     54,269        1,369         (2     38,954        211        13,737   

Artist Nation

     19,964        134         15        10,693        276        8,846   

Sponsorship & Advertising

     66,032        210         -        88        (2     65,736   

Other and Eliminations

     (545     -         204        (188     -        (561

Corporate

     (19,791     5,153         1        691        5,723        (31,359
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 203,613      $ 8,198       $ 231      $ 83,341      $ 7,034      $ 104,809   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2012

             

Concerts

   $ 60,390      $ 4,190       $ (477   $ 100,004      $ (373   $ (42,954

Ticketing

     226,017        4,725         (145     121,284        (218     100,371   

Artist Nation

     32,957        1,033         -        36,271        401        (4,748

Sponsorship & Advertising

     137,776        466         -        341        -        136,969   

Other and Eliminations

     (1,100     -         367        (1,471     -        4   

Corporate

     (59,487     17,181         -        2,227        6,067        (84,962
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 396,553      $ 27,595       $ (255   $ 258,656      $ 5,877      $ 104,680   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2011

             

Concerts

   $ 62,196      $ 4,321       $ (677   $ 87,818      $ (5,015   $ (24,251

Ticketing

     213,603        4,042         (88     111,359        1,018        97,272   

Artist Nation

     34,990        27,776         1,256        37,305        (1,906     (29,441

Sponsorship & Advertising

     128,636        477         -        276        (3     127,886   

Other and Eliminations

     (404     -         374        (566     -        (212

Corporate

     (51,810     14,539         1        1,557        18,326        (86,233
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 387,211      $ 51,155       $ 866      $ 237,749      $ 12,420      $ 85,021   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

34


Table of Contents

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our working capital requirements and capital for our general corporate purposes, including acquisitions and capital expenditures, are funded from operations or from borrowings under our senior secured credit facility described below. Our cash is centrally managed on a worldwide basis. Our primary short-term liquidity needs are to fund general working capital requirements, capital expenditures and debt service requirements while our long-term liquidity needs are primarily related to acquisitions and debt repayment. Our primary sources of funds for our short-term liquidity needs will be cash flows from operations and borrowings under our senior secured credit facility, while our long-term sources of funds will be from cash flows from operations, long-term bank borrowings and other debt or equity financings.

Our balance sheet reflects cash and cash equivalents of $783.7 million at September 30, 2012, and $844.3 million at December 31, 2011. Included in the September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 cash and cash equivalents balance is $394.3 million and $373.9 million, respectively, of funds representing amounts equal to the face value of tickets sold on behalf of clients and the clients’ share of convenience and order processing charges, or client funds. We do not utilize client funds for our own financing or investing activities as the amounts are payable to clients. Our foreign subsidiaries hold approximately $275.5 million in cash and cash equivalents, excluding client cash. We do not intend to repatriate these funds, but would need to accrue and pay United States federal and state income taxes on any future repatriations, net of applicable foreign tax credits. We may from time to time enter into borrowings under our revolving credit facility. If the original maturity of these borrowings is ninety days or less, we present the borrowings and subsequent repayments on a net basis on the statement of cash flows to better represent our financing activities. Our balance sheet reflects current and long-term debt of $1.746 billion at September 30, 2012 and $1.705 billion at December 31, 2011. Our weighted-average cost of debt, excluding the debt discounts on our term loan and convertible notes, was 5.3% at September 30, 2012.

Our cash and cash equivalents are held in accounts managed by third-party financial institutions and consist of cash in our operating accounts and invested cash. Cash held in interest-bearing operating accounts in many cases exceeds the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation insurance limits. The invested cash is in interest-bearing funds consisting primarily of bank deposits and money market funds. While we monitor cash and cash equivalent balances in our operating accounts on a regular basis and adjust the balances as appropriate, these balances could be impacted if the underlying financial institutions fail. To date, we have experienced no loss or lack of access to our cash and cash equivalents; however, we can provide no assurances that access to our cash and cash equivalents will not be impacted by adverse conditions in the financial markets.

For our Concerts segment, we generally receive cash related to ticket revenue at our owned and/or operated venues in advance of the event, which is recorded in deferred revenue until the event occurs. With the exception of some upfront costs and artist deposits, which are recorded in prepaid expenses until th