10-K 1 v179305_10k.htm Unassociated Document
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-K
 
(Mark One)

þ
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009

or

¨
TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ___________ to _____________
 
Commission file number 000-52186
 
KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
 
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
 
90-0363723
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation
or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

Jinhua City Industrial Zone
Jinhua, Zhejiang Province
People’s Republic of China
Post Code 321016
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
 
(86-579) 82239856
 
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Common Stock, Par Value $0.001 Per Share
 
NASDAQ Capital Market
(Title of each class)
 
(Name of exchange on which registered)
 
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:   None.
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  ¨ No þ
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. Yes  ¨ No þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ  No  ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulations S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). ¨  Yes  þ  No
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer ¨
Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer ¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes  ¨ No  þ
 
The aggregate market value of the outstanding common equity of the registrant held by non-affiliates as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter was $12,021,110.  Affiliates of the Company beneficially own, in the aggregate, 12,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock.  There were 19,961,000 shares of voting common stock with a par value of $0.001 outstanding at March 26, 2010.
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE: none.


 
TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I
   
     
 
Item 1.
Business.
1-4
 
Item 1A.
Risk Factors.
5-13
 
Item 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments.
13
 
Item 2.
Properties.
13
 
Item 3.
Legal Proceedings.
13
       
PART II
   
     
 
Item 5.
Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
14
 
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data.
14
 
Item 7.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
14-24
 
Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.
24
 
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
24
 
Item 9.
Changes In and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.
25
 
Item 9A.
Controls and Procedures.
25
 
Item 9B.
Other Information.
26
       
PART III
   
     
 
Item 10.
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.
27-28
 
Item 11.
Executive Compensation.
28-30
 
Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.
30
 
Item 13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence.
30
 
Item 14.
Principal Accounting Fees and Services.
31
       
PART IV
   
     
 
Item 15.
Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.
32
       
SIGNATURES
33
 
 
 

 
 
SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
This Annual Report contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These include statements about our expectations, beliefs, intentions or strategies for the future, which we indicate by words or phrases such as “anticipate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “will,” “we believe,” “our company believes,” “management believes” and similar language. These forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including those set forth in the discussion under Item 1, “Business”, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” and Item 7, “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” Our actual results may differ materially from results anticipated in these forward-looking statements. We base our forward-looking statements on information currently available to us, and we assume no obligation to update them. In addition, our historical financial performance is not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected in the future and we believe such comparisons cannot be relied upon as indicators of future performance.

Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States, we do not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements to conform these statements to actual results.
 
 
 

 
 
 
Item 1.
Business.
 
Except as otherwise indicated by the context, references in this Annual Report to “we,” “us,” “our,” “Kandi,” or the “Company” are to the combined businesses of Kandi Technologies, Corp.

Introduction
 
On June 29, 2007, Stone Mountain Resources, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Stone Mountain”) executed a share exchange agreement (the “Exchange Agreement”) with Continental Development Limited, a Hong Kong corporation (“Continental”) and Excelvantage Group Limited, a British Virgin Islands Company which owned 100% of Continental (the “Continental Shareholder”). Pursuant to the Exchange Agreement, Stone Mountain issued 12,000,000 shares of its common stock to the Continental Shareholder, in exchange for 100% of the common stock of Continental. After the closing of the Exchange Agreement, Stone Mountain had a total of 19,961,000 shares of common stock outstanding, with the Continental Shareholder owning 60.12% of the total issued and outstanding shares of Stone Mountain’s common stock, and the remaining shares outstanding were held by those who held shares of Stone Mountain’s common stock prior to the closing.
 
As a result of this transaction, Continental became a wholly owned subsidiary of Stone Mountain. Thereafter, the business of the Company was that of Continental’s wholly owned subsidiary, Zhejiang Kandi Vehicles Co., Ltd. On August 13, 2007, we changed our name from Stone Mountain Resources, Inc. to Kandi Technologies, Corp.
 
Stone Mountain was a public shell company prior to the closing of the Exchange Agreement. Stone Mountain was originally incorporated on March 31, 2004 in the State of Delaware, and operated as a gold exploration company exploring Nevada mineral properties before ceasing operations in May 30, 2007.
 
Business Overview

General
 
Kandi’s products include off-road vehicles (which include ATVs, UTVs, and go-karts), motorcycles and mini-cars.

   
The year ended December 31
 
   
2009
   
2008
 
   
Unit
   
Revenue
   
Unit
   
Revenue
 
All-terrain Vehicles (ATVs)
    6,194     $ 3,021,352       6,022     $ 4,981,792  
Super-mini car (CoCo) (1)
    2,110       8,508,451       2,125       9,140,919  
Go-Kart
    13,673       13,487,087       38,644       20,818,651  
Mini Pick-up
    1       4,365       25       45,974  
Utility vehicles (UTVs)
    3,509       8,478,679       2,759       4,741,704  
Three-wheeled motorcycle (TT)
    458       327,828       481       784,748  
Total
    25,945     $ 33,827,762       50,056     $ 40,513,788  
 
(1) The Company had previously categorized the predecessor generation CoCo as a UTV in the 2008 Form 10-K, but has adjusted the categorization in this report to clarify year over year comparisons.
 
 
- 1 -

 

Off-Road Vehicles

 
In 2003 Kandi began mass production of go-karts. The Company is now one of the leading manufacturers of go-karts in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Kandi produces a wide range of go-karts, from the 90cc class to the 1,000cc class in cylinder displacement. Kandi also produces four-wheeled all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and specialized utility vehicles (UTVs), which are ATVs special-fitted for agricultural and industrial use.

For the year ended December 31, 2009, sales of ATVs dropped 61% from $4,981,793 in 2008 to $3,021,352. UTV sales also decreased from $13,026,428 to $8,478,679, representing a 65% drop. Go-kart sales decreased 65% from $20,818,650 in 2008 to $13,487,087 for 2009.  The decreases are mainly attributable to the decreased demand from the U.S market as a result of the financial crisis.

The Company had a strong fourth quarter in 2009, resulting in a 46% increase in revenues and a 73% increase in gross profits compared to the fourth quarter results of 2008, signaling a recovery in the sales of our products corresponding with the broader global economic recovery.

 
Mini-Car Products

Kandi began sales of its gas-powered Super-mini car, CoCo, in August 2008. The first generation  CoCo was designed for local neighborhood driving, with a 250cc single cylinder, 4-stroke water-cooled engine with a top speed of 25 mph, achieving 60 mpg. In 2009, the Company launched the battery powered all-electric CoCo. The electric CoCo is designed to achieve a top speed of 25 mph, and will have a driving range of 80 miles on a single full charge. The Company expects significant growth in the sales of the CoCo and expects to expand the product line in the near term.

The following table shows the breakdown of Kandi’s revenues from its customers by geographical markets based on the location of the customer during the fiscal years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008:

  
 
The Years Ended of December 31
 
   
2009
   
2008
 
   
Sales Revenue
   
Percentage
   
Sales Revenue
   
Percentage
 
North America
    3,967,536       12 %     7,292,482       18 %
Europe
    660,476       2 %     -       -  
China
    29,199,750       86 %     32,816,168       81 %
Other Regions
                405,138       1 %
Total
    33,827,762       100 %     40,513,788       100 %

For the year ended December 31, 2009, sales to North America dropped significantly due to the financial crisis. The Company expanded its sales to Europe, which began producing revenue in 2009. We expect continued sales growth in this region in the future.  For the year ended December 31, 2009, about 95% of sales to China are sales to Chinese export agents, who resell the Company’s products to North America, Europe, and other regions.
 
Sales and Distribution
 
Kandi’s sales are made through third-party distributors, which distribute Kandi’s products to local wholesalers and retail dealers. Worldwide, Kandi sells its products through seven main independent distributors for off-road vehicles.
 
- 2 -

 
Components and Parts, Raw Materials and Sources of Supply

Kandi manufactures the frames of its vehicles and assembles the vehicles in its factory in Jinhua, China.  Other components and parts, such as engines, shock absorbers, electrical equipment and tires, are purchased from numerous suppliers.  The principal raw materials used by Kandi are steel plate, aluminum, special steels, steel tubes, paints, and plastics, which are purchased from several local suppliers.  The most important raw material purchased is steel plate. There is only one supplier who accounted for more than 5% of the Company’s purchases of major components and parts and principal raw materials during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009. Kandi does not have and does not anticipate having any difficulty in obtaining its required materials from suppliers and considers its contracts and business relations with the suppliers to be satisfactory.
 
Seasonality
 
Kandi’s motorcycle and off-road vehicle businesses have historically experienced some seasonality.  However, this seasonality has not generally been material to our financial results.
 
Competition

The global small vehicle markets and new energy vehicle markets are highly competitive. Competition in such markets is based upon a number of factors, including price, quality, reliability, styling, product features and warranties. As a relatively new entrant into the market, many of our competitors are more diversified and have financial and marketing resources that are substantially greater than those of Kandi.
 
Employees
 
As of December 31, 2009, Kandi had a total of 329 full time employees. None of our employees are represented by any collective bargaining agreements.
 
Environmental and Safety Regulation
 
Emissions
 
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) and the California Air Resources Board (“CARB”) have adopted emissions regulations applicable to Kandi’s products. CARB has emissions regulations for ATVs and off-road vehicles which the Company already meets. In October 2002, the EPA established new corporate average emission standards effective for model years 2006 through 2012 for non-road recreational vehicles, including ATVs and off-road vehicles.
 
Kandi’s motorcycles are also subject to EPA and CARB emission standards. Kandi believes that its motorcycles have always complied with these standards. The CARB regulations required additional motorcycle emission reductions in model year 2008 which the Company met. The EPA adopted the CARB emission limits in a January 2004 rulemaking that allows an additional two model years to meet these new CARB emission requirements on a nationwide basis.
 
Kandi’s products are also subject to international laws and regulations related to emissions in places where it sells its products outside the United States. Europe currently regulates emissions from certain of the Company’s ATV-based products, motorcycles, and mini-cars and the Company meets these requirements. Canada’s emission regulations for motorcycles are similar to those in the U.S. In December 2006 Canada proposed a new regulation that would essentially adopt the U.S. emission standards for ATVs and off-road vehicles. These regulations became effective in 2009 and the Company meets this standard.
 
- 3 -

 
Kandi believes that its off-road vehicles, motorcycles and mini-cars have always complied with applicable emission standards and related regulations in the United States and internationally. Kandi is unable to predict the ultimate impact of the adopted or proposed regulations on Kandi and its business.
 
Use regulation
 
State and federal laws and regulations have been promulgated or are under consideration relating to the use or manner of use of Kandi’s products. Some states and localities have adopted, or are considering the adoption of, legislation and local ordinances which restrict the use of ATVs and off-road vehicles to specified hours and locations. The federal government also has restricted the use of ATVs and off-road vehicles in some national parks and federal lands. In several instances this restriction has been a ban on the recreational use of these vehicles. Kandi is unable to predict the outcome of such actions or the possible effect on its business. Kandi believes that its business would be no more adversely affected than those of its competitors by the adoption of any pending laws or regulations.
 
Product Safety and Regulation

Safety Regulation
 
The federal government and individual states have promulgated or are considering promulgating laws and regulations relating to the use and safety of Kandi’s products. The federal government is the primary regulator of product safety. The Consumer Product Safety Commission (“CPSC”) has federal oversight over product safety issues related to ATVs and off-road vehicles. The National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (“NHTSA”) has federal oversight over product safety issues related to on-road motorcycles.
 
In August 2008, the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act (the “Act”) was passed. The Act includes a provision that requires all manufacturers and distributors who import into or distribute ATVs in the United States to comply with the ANSI/SVIA safety standards which were previously voluntary. The Act also requires the same manufacturers and distributors to have ATV action plans filed with the CPSC that are substantially similar to the voluntary action plans that were previously in effect. Kandi currently complies with the ANSI/SVIA standard.
 
Kandi’s motorcycles are subject to federal vehicle safety standards administered by NHTSA. Kandi’s motorcycles are also subject to various state vehicle safety standards. Kandi believes that its motorcycles have always complied with safety standards relevant to motorcycles.
 
Kandi’s products are also subject to international standards related to safety in places where it sells its products outside the United States. Kandi believes that its motorcycles and mini-cars have always complied with applicable safety standards in the United States and internationally.

Principal Executive Offices

Our principal executive office is located in the Jinhua City Industrial Zone in Jinhua, Zhejiang Province, PRC, 321016 and our telephone number (86-579)82239856.

 
- 4 -

 
Item 1A.
Risk Factors.

You should carefully consider the risks described below together with all of the other information included in this report before making an investment decision with regard to our securities.  The statements contained in or incorporated into this annual report on Form 10-K that are not historic facts are forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those set forth in or implied by forward-looking statements.  If any of the following risks actually occur, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be harmed. In that case, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and you may lose all or part of your investment.

Risks Relating to Our Overall Business Operations

Our limited operating history may not serve as an adequate basis to judge our future prospects and results of operations.

We have a limited operating history because we have only been in operation since 2003.  This limited operating history, and the unpredictability of the machinery production industry, makes it difficult for investors to evaluate our businesses and predict future operating results. An investor in our securities must consider the risks, uncertainties and difficulties frequently encountered by companies in new and rapidly evolving markets.  The risks and difficulties we face include challenges in accurate financial planning as a result of limited historical data and the uncertainties resulting from having had a relatively limited time period in which to implement and evaluate our business strategies as compared to older companies with longer operating histories.

We may not be able to comply with all applicable government regulations.

We are subject to extensive governmental regulation by the central, regional and local authorities in the PRC, where our business operations take place. We believe that we are currently in substantial compliance with all laws and governmental regulations and that we have all material permits and licenses required for our operations. Nevertheless, we cannot assure investors that we will continue to be in substantial compliance with current laws and regulations, or that we will be able to comply with any future laws and regulations. To the extent that new regulations are adopted, we will be required to conform our activities in order to comply with such regulations. Failure to comply with applicable laws and regulations could subject us to civil remedies, including fines, injunctions, recalls or seizures, as well as potential criminal sanctions, which could have a material adverse effect on its business, operations and finances.

Compliance with environmental regulations can be expensive, and noncompliance with these regulations may result in adverse publicity and potentially significant monetary damages and fines.

Our business operations generate noise, waste water, and gaseous and other industrial wastes. We are required to comply with all national and local regulations regarding protection of the environment. We are in compliance with current environmental protection requirements and have all necessary environmental permits to conduct our business. However, if more stringent regulations are adopted in the future, the costs of compliance with these new regulations could be substantial. Additionally, if we fail to comply with present or future environmental regulations, we may be required to pay substantial fines, suspend production or cease operations. Any failure by us to control the use of or to restrict adequately the discharge of, hazardous substances could subject us to potentially significant monetary damages and fines or suspensions in our business operations. Certain laws, ordinances and regulations could limit our ability to develop, use, or sell our products.

- 5 -

 
Our business depends substantially on the continuing efforts of our executive officers, and our business may be severely disrupted if we lose their services.

 
Our future success depends substantially on the continued services of our executive officers, especially our CEO and President, Mr. Hu Xiaoming. We do not maintain key man life insurance on any of our executive officers.  Although this possibility is low, if any of our executive officers are unable or unwilling to continue in their present positions, we may not be able to replace them readily, if at all.  Therefore, our business may be severely disrupted, and we may incur additional expenses to recruit and retain new officers.  In addition, if any of our executives joins a competitor or forms a competing company, we may lose some of our customers.  

We may be subject to product liability claims, recalls or warranty claims, which could be expensive, damage our reputation and result in a diversion of management resources.

The Company may be subject to lawsuits resulting from injuries associated with the use of the vehicles that it sells. The Company may incur losses relating to these claims or the defense of these claims. There is a risk that claims or liabilities will exceed our insurance coverage. In addition, the Company may be unable to retain adequate liability insurance in the future.
 
The Company may also be required to participate in recalls involving our vehicles if any prove to be defective, or we may voluntarily initiate a recall or make payments related to such claims as a result of various industry or business practices or the need to maintain good customer relationships. Such a recall would result in a diversion of resources. While we do maintain product liability insurance, we cannot assure you that it will be sufficient to cover all product liability claims, that such claims will not exceed our insurance coverage limits or that such insurance will continue to be available on commercially reasonable terms, if at all. Any product liability claim brought against us could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.  
 
Risks Relating to Our Vehicle Machinery Production Operations
 
We may be subject to significant potential liabilities as a result of defects in production and product liability.
 
Through our machinery production operations, we may be subject to production defect and product liability arising in the ordinary course of business. These claims are common to the machinery production industry and can be costly.
 
With respect to certain general liability exposures, including manufacturing defect and product liability, interpretation of underlying current and future trends, assessment of claims and the related liability and reserve estimation process is highly subjective due to the complex nature of these exposures, with each exposure exhibiting unique circumstances. Furthermore, once claims are asserted for construction defects, it is difficult to determine the extent to which the assertion of these claims will expand geographically. We may not have sufficient funds available to cover any liability for damages, the cost of repairs, and/or the expense of litigation surrounding such claims, and future claims may arise out of events or circumstances not covered by insurance and not subject to effective indemnification agreements with our subcontractors.
 
The vehicle machinery industry is highly competitive and we are subject to risks relating to competition that may adversely affect our performance.
 
The vehicle machinery industry is highly competitive, and our continued success depends upon our ability to compete effectively in markets that contain numerous competitors, some of which have significantly greater financial, marketing and other resources than we have. Competition may reduce fee structures, potentially causing us to lower our fees or prices, which may adversely impact our profits. New or existing competition that uses a business model that is different from our business model may put pressure on us to change our model so that we can remain competitive.
 
- 6 -

 
Our business is subject to the risk of supplier concentrations.
 
We depend on a limited number of suppliers for the sourcing of major components and parts and principal raw materials. As a result of this concentration in our supply chain, our business and operations would be negatively affected if any of our key suppliers were to experience significant disruption affecting the price, quality, availability or timely delivery of their products. The partial or complete loss of these suppliers, or a significant adverse change in our relationship with any of these suppliers, could result in lost revenue, added costs and distribution delays that could harm our business and customer relationships. In addition, concentration in our supply chain can exacerbate our exposure to risks associated with the termination by key suppliers of our distribution agreements or any adverse change in the terms of such agreements, which could have a negative impact on our revenues and profitability.
 
General economic conditions may negatively impact our results.  

The consumption of entertainment products such as go-karts and mini-cars is dependant on continued economic growth. Although there are more and more signs of economy recovery, the uncertainty of current economic environment remains. Moderate or severe economic downturns or adverse conditions may negatively affect our operations. These conditions may be widespread or isolated to one or more geographic regions. A tightening of the labor markets in one or more geographic regions may result in fewer qualified applicants for job openings in our facilities. Higher wages, related labor costs and other increasing cost trends may negatively impact our results.
 
Risks Related to Doing Business in China
 
Change in political and economic conditions may affect our business operations and profitability.
 
Since our business operations are primarily located in China, our business operations and financial position are subject, to a significant degree, to the economic, political and legal developments in China.

China's government started implementing its economic reform policy in 1978, which enabled China’s economy to gradually transform from a "planned economy" to a "socialist market economy." In 1993, the concept of the socialist market economy was introduced into the Constitution of China, and the country has since experienced accelerated development of a market economy. A noteworthy recent phenomenon is that non-state owned enterprises, such as private enterprises, play an increasingly important role in the Chinese economy and the degree of direct control by the PRC government over the economy is gradually declining.
 
While the Chinese government has not halted its economic reform policy since 1978, any significant adverse changes in the social, political and economic conditions of China may fundamentally impact China’s economic reform policies, and thus the Company's operations and profits may be adversely affected.
 
Change in tax laws and regulations in China may affect our business operations.
 
Various tax reform policies have been implemented in the PRC in recent years. However, there can be no assurance that the existing tax laws and regulations will not be revised or amended in the future.
 
- 7 -

 
Uncertainties with respect to the Chinese legal system could have a material adverse effect on us and may restrict the level of legal protections to foreign investors.

China's legal system is based on statutory law. Unlike the common law system, statutory law is based primarily on written statutes. Previous court decisions may be cited as persuasive authority but do not have a binding effect. Since 1979, the PRC government has been promulgating and amending the laws and regulations regarding economic matters, such as corporate organization and governance, foreign investment, commerce, taxation and trade.  However, since these laws and regulations are relatively new, and the PRC legal system continues to rapidly evolve, the interpretation of many laws, regulations and rules is not always uniform and enforcement of these laws, regulations and rules involves uncertainties, which may limit legal protections available to us.

In addition, any litigation in China may be protracted and may result in substantial costs and diversion of resources and management attention. The legal system in the China cannot provide the investors with the same level of protection as in the U.S. The Company is governed by the law and regulations generally applicable to local enterprises in China. Many of these laws and regulations were recently introduced and remain experimental in nature and subject to changes and refinements. Interpretation, implementation and enforcement of the existing laws and regulations can be uncertain and unpredictable and therefore may restrict the legal protections of foreign investors.
 
Changes in Currency Conversion Policies in China may have a material adverse effect on us.
 
Renminbi (“RMB”) is not a freely exchangeable currency. Since 1998, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange of China has promulgated a series of circulars and rules in order to enhance verification of foreign exchange payments under a Chinese entity’s current account items, and has imposed strict requirements on borrowing and repayments of foreign exchange debts from and to foreign creditors under the capital account items and on the creation of foreign security in favor of foreign creditors.

This may complicate foreign exchange payments to foreign creditors under the current account items and thus will affect the ability to borrow under international commercial loans, the creation of foreign security, and the borrowing of RMB under guarantees in foreign currencies. Furthermore, the value of RMB may become subject to supply and demand, which could be largely impacted by international economic and political environments.  Any fluctuations in the exchange rate of RMB could have an adverse effect on the operational and financial condition of the Company and its subsidiaries in China.

You may experience difficulties in effecting service of legal process, enforcing foreign judgments or bringing original actions based on United States or other foreign laws against us, our management or the experts named in the prospectus.
 
We conduct substantially all of our operations in China and substantially all of our assets are located in China. In addition, all of our senior executive officers reside in China. As a result, it may not be possible to effect service of process within the United States or elsewhere outside China upon our senior executive officers, including with respect to matters arising under U.S. federal securities laws or applicable state securities laws. Moreover, our PRC counsel has advised us that the PRC does not have treaties with the United States or many other countries providing for the reciprocal recognition and enforcement of judgment of courts. 

- 8 -

 
Risks Relating to Ownership of Our Securities

 
Our stock price may be volatile, which may result in losses to our shareholders.
 
The stock markets have experienced significant price and trading volume fluctuations, and the market prices of companies listed on the NASDAQ Capital Market, the stock market in which shares of our common stock are listed, have been volatile in the past and have experienced sharp share price and trading volume changes. The trading price of our common stock is likely to be volatile and could fluctuate widely in response to many factors, including the following, some of which are beyond our control:

 
o
variations in our operating results;

 
o
changes in expectations of our future financial performance, including financial estimates by securities analysts and investors;

 
o
changes in operating and stock price performance of other companies in our industry;

 
o
additions or departures of key personnel; and

 
o
future sales of our common stock.
 
Domestic and international stock markets often experience significant price and volume fluctuations. These fluctuations, as well as general economic and political conditions unrelated to our performance, may adversely affect the price of our common stock.  

One stockholder owns a substantial portion of our outstanding common stock, which may enable this stockholder to influence many significant corporate actions.

Excelvantage Group Limited controls approximately 60.12% of our outstanding shares of common stock as of December 31, 2009. As a result, Excelvantage Group Limited could have a substantial impact on matters requiring the vote of the shareholders, including the election of our directors and most corporate actions. This control could delay, defer or prevent others from initiating a potential merger, takeover or other change in our control, even if these actions would benefit our other shareholders and the Company. This control could adversely affect the voting and other rights of our other shareholders and could depress the market price of our common stock.
 
Our common shares may become thinly traded and you may be unable to sell at or near ask prices, or at all.

We cannot predict the extent to which an active public market for trading our common stock will be sustained. Although our common share’s trading volume increase significantly recently, it has historically been sporadically or “thinly-traded,” meaning that the number of persons interested in purchasing our common shares at or near bid prices at certain given time may be relatively small or non-existent.

This situation is attributable to a number of factors, including the fact that we are a small company which is relatively unknown to stock analysts, stock brokers, institutional investors and others in the investment community who generate or influence sales volume.  Even if we came to the attention of such persons, those persons tend to be risk-averse and may be reluctant to follow, purchase, or recommend the purchase of shares of an unproven company such as ours until such time as we become more seasoned and viable. As a consequence, there may be periods of several days or more when trading activity in our shares is minimal or non-existent, as compared to a seasoned issuer which has a large and steady volume of trading activity that will generally support continuous sales without an adverse effect on share price. We cannot give you any assurance that a broader or more active public trading market for our common stock will develop or be sustained, or that current trading levels will be sustained.

- 9 -

 
The market price for our common stock is particularly volatile given our status as a relatively small company, which could lead to wide fluctuations in our share price. You may be unable to sell your common stock at or above your purchase price if at all, which may result in substantial losses to you.

Shareholders should be aware that, according to SEC Release No. 34-29093, the market for penny stocks has suffered in recent years from patterns of fraud and abuse. Such patterns include (1) control of the market for the security by one or a few broker-dealers that are often related to the promoter or issuer; (2) manipulation of prices through prearranged matching of purchases and sales and false and misleading press releases; (3) boiler room practices involving high-pressure sales tactics and unrealistic price projections by inexperienced sales persons; (4) excessive and undisclosed bid-ask differential and markups by selling broker-dealers; and (5) the wholesale dumping of the same securities by promoters and broker-dealers after prices have been manipulated to a desired level, along with the resulting inevitable collapse of those prices and with consequent investor losses. Our management is aware of the abuses that have occurred historically in the penny stock market. Although we do not expect to be in a position to dictate the behavior of the market or of broker-dealers who participate in the market, management will strive within the confines of practical limitations to prevent the described patterns from being established with respect to our securities. The occurrence of these patterns or practices could increase the volatility of our share price.

Substantial sales of the shares of our Common Stock issuable upon conversion of our senior secured convertible notes or exercise of warrants could adversely affect our stock price or our ability to raise additional financing in the public capital markets.

We issued $10,000,000 2-year senior secured convertible notes and warrants to purchase an aggregate of 800,000 shares of Common Stock to certain institutional investors on January 21, 2010.  Under the terms of the notes, the maximum number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion is 3,636,364 shares (not including any shares of Common Stock which the Company may issue as interest payments in lieu of cash), representing approximately 13% of our outstanding Common Stock on a fully diluted basis.

If the note holders convert their notes or if they exercise the warrants and sell a substantial number of shares of our Common Stock in the future, or if investors perceive that these sales may occur, the market price of our Common Stock could decline or market demand for our Common Stock could be sharply reduced. The conversion of the notes and subsequent sale of a substantial number of shares of our Common Stock could also adversely affect demand for, and the market price of, our Common Stock. Each of these transactions could adversely affect our ability to raise additional financing by issuing equity or equity-based securities in the public capital markets.

Antidilution and other provisions in the senior secured convertible notes and the warrants issued to the note holders may also adversely affect our stock price or our ability to raise additional financing.

The senior secured convertible notes and the warrants issued to the institutional holders described above contains antidilution provisions that provide for adjustment of the note conversion price and the warrant exercise price, and the number of shares issuable under the warrants, upon the occurrence of certain events. If we issue shares of our Common Stock, or securities convertible into our Common Stock, at prices below the conversion price or exercise price, as applicable, the conversion price of the notes will be reduced and the warrant exercise price will be reduced and the number of shares issuable under the warrant will be increased. The amount of such adjustment if any, will be determined pursuant to a formula specified in the note and the warrant and will depend on the number of shares issued and the offering price of the subsequent issuance of securities. Adjustments to the warrant pursuant to these antidilution provisions may result in significant dilution to the interests of our existing stockholders and may adversely affect the market price of our Common Stock. The antidilution provisions may also limit our ability to obtain additional financing on terms favorable to us.

- 10 -

 
Moreover, we may not realize any cash proceeds from the exercise of the warrants. A holder of the warrant may opt for a cashless exercise of all or part of the warrant under certain circumstances. In a cashless exercise, the holder of the warrant would make no cash payment to us, and would receive a number of shares of our common stock having an aggregate value equal to the excess of the then-current market price of the shares of our common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrant over the exercise price of the warrant. Such an issuance of common stock would be immediately dilutive to the interests of other stockholders.

We do not anticipate paying any cash dividends to our common shareholders.

We presently do not anticipate that we will pay dividends on any of our common stock in the foreseeable future. If payment of dividends does occur at some point in the future, it would be contingent upon our revenues and earnings, if any, capital requirements, and general financial condition. The payment of any common stock dividends will be within the discretion of our Board of Directors. We presently intend to retain all earnings after paying the interest for the preferred stock, if any, to implement our business plan; accordingly, we do not anticipate the declaration of any dividends for common stock in the foreseeable future.

Fluctuation in the value of the RMB may have a material adverse effect on your investment.
 
The change in value of the RMB against the U.S. dollar, the Euro and other currencies is affected by changes in China’s political and economic conditions, among other things. On July 21, 2005, the PRC government changed its decade-old policy of pegging the value of the RMB to the U.S. dollar. Under the new policy, the RMB is permitted to fluctuate within a narrow and managed band against a basket of certain foreign currencies. This change in policy has resulted in approximately 2.1% appreciation of RMB against the U.S. dollar. While the international reaction to the RMB revaluation has generally been positive, there remains significant international pressure on the PRC government to adopt an even more flexible currency policy, which could result in a further and more significant appreciation of the RMB against the U.S. dollar. As a portion of our costs and expenses is denominated in RMB, the revaluation in July 2005 and potential future revaluation has and could further increase our costs. In addition, any significant revaluation of the RMB may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition. For example, to the extent that we need to convert U.S. dollars we receive from offering into RMB for our operations, appreciation of the RMB against the U.S. dollar would have an adverse effect on the RMB amount we receive from the conversion. Conversely, if we decide to convert our RMB into U.S. dollars for the purpose of making payments for interest on our preferred shares or for other business purposes, appreciation of the U.S. dollar against the RMB would have a negative effect on the U.S. dollar amount available to us.
  
If the Company were to be delisted from NASDAQ, our common stock could be subject to “penny stock” rules which could negatively impact our liquidity and our shareholders’ ability to sell their shares.

Our common stock is currently listed on the NASDAQ Capital Market. We must comply with numerous NASDAQ MarketPlace rules in order to maintain the listing of our common stock on NASDAQ. There can be no assurance that we can continue to meet the requirements to maintain the NASDAQ listing of our common stock. If we are unable to maintain our listing on NASDAQ, the market liquidity of our common stock may be severely limited.
 
- 11 -

 
Volatility in Our Common Share Price May Subject Us to Securities Litigation.
 
The market for our common stock is characterized by significant price volatility as compared to seasoned issuers, and we expect that our share price will continue to be more volatile than a seasoned issuer for the indefinite future. In the past, plaintiffs have often initiated securities class action litigation against a company following periods of volatility in the market price of its securities. We may, in the future, be the target of similar litigation. Securities litigation could result in substantial costs and liabilities and could divert management's attention and resources.

 
The Elimination of Monetary Liability Against our Directors, Officers and Employees under Delaware law and the Existence of Indemnification Rights of our Directors, Officers and Employees May Result in Substantial Expenditures by our Company and may Discourage Lawsuits Against our Directors, Officers and Employees.

 
Our articles of incorporation do not contain any specific provisions that eliminate the liability of our directors for monetary damages to our company and shareholders; however, we are prepared to give such indemnification to our directors and officers to the extent provided for by Delaware law. We may also have contractual indemnification obligations under our employment agreements with our officers. The foregoing indemnification obligations could result in our company incurring substantial expenditures to cover the cost of settlement or damage awards against directors and officers, which we may be unable to recoup. These provisions and resultant costs may also discourage our company from bringing a lawsuit against directors and officers for breaches of their fiduciary duties, and may similarly discourage the filing of derivative litigation by our shareholders against our directors and officers even though such actions, if successful, might otherwise benefit our company and shareholders.
 
Past Activities Of Stone Mountain and Our Affiliates May Lead to Future Liability.
 
Prior to Stone Mountain entering into the share exchange agreement with Continental on June 29, 2007, Stone Mountain engaged in businesses unrelated to our current operations. Any liabilities relating to such prior business against which we are not completely indemnified may have a material adverse effect on us.
   
We may need additional capital, and the sale of additional shares or other equity securities could result in additional dilution to our shareholders.
 
On January 21, 2010, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with certain institutional accredited investors pursuant to which the Company offered for sale to these investors $10 million of senior secured convertible notes and warrants exercisable for an aggregate of 800,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The conversion of convertible notes and the exercise of these warrants will result in dilution.
 
In the future, we may require additional cash resources due to changed business conditions or other future developments, including any investments or acquisitions we may decide to pursue. If our resources are insufficient to satisfy our cash requirements, we may seek to sell additional equity or debt securities or obtain a credit facility. The sale of additional equity securities could result in dilution to our shareholders. The incurrence of indebtedness would result in increased debt service obligations and could result in operating and financing covenants that would restrict our operations. We cannot assure you that financing will be available in amounts or on terms acceptable to us, if at all.

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Our business is subject to changing regulations related to corporate governance and public disclosure that have increased both our costs and the risk of noncompliance.
 
Because our common stock is publicly traded, we are subject to certain rules and regulations of federal, state and financial market exchange entities charged with the protection of investors and the oversight of companies whose securities are publicly traded. These entities, including the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, the SEC and NASDAQ, have issued requirements and regulations and continue to develop additional regulations and requirements in response to corporate scandals and laws enacted by Congress, most notably the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Our efforts to comply with these regulations have resulted in, and are likely to continue resulting in, increased general and administrative expenses and diversion of management time and attention from revenue-generating activities to compliance activities. Because new and modified laws, regulations and standards are subject to varying interpretations in many cases due to their lack of specificity, their application in practice may evolve over time as new guidance is provided by regulatory and governing bodies. This evolution may result in continuing uncertainty regarding compliance matters and additional costs necessitated by ongoing revisions to our disclosure and governance practices.

Unresolved Staff Comments.
 
Item 2.
Properties.

All land in the PRC is owned by the government and cannot be sold to any individual or entity. Instead, the government grants or allocates landholders a “land use right.” There are four methods to acquire land use rights:
 
 
¨
grant of the right to use land;
 
¨
assignment of the right to use land;
 
¨
lease of the right to use land; and
 
¨
allocated land use rights
 
In comparison with Western common law concepts, granted land use rights are similar to life estates and allocated land use rights are in some way similar to leaseholds.
 
Granted land use rights are provided by the government in exchange for a grant fee, and carry the rights to pledge, mortgage, lease, and transfer within the term of the grant. Land is granted for a fixed term - generally 70 years for residential use, 50 years for industrial use, and 40 years for commercial and other use. The term is renewable in theory. Unlike the usual case in Western nations, granted land must be used for the specific purpose for which it was granted.
  
Allocated land use rights are generally provided by the government for an indefinite period (usually to state-owned entities) and cannot be pledged, mortgaged, leased, or transferred by the user. Furthermore, allocated land can be reclaimed by the government at any time. Allocated land use rights may be converted into granted land use rights upon the payment of a grant fee to the government.
Kandi has the following granted land use rights:

Location
 
Area (square meters)
 
Term and Expiration
 
Certificate No.
Zhejiang Jinhua Industrial Park
 
72900.88
 
Nov 13, 2002 - Nov 13, 2052
 
10-15-0-203-1
Zhejiang Jinhua Industrial Park
 
39490.64
 
Nov 13, 2002 - Nov 13, 2052
 
10-15-0-203-2
Zhejiang Jinhua Industrial Park
 
46650.70
 
Dec 30, 2003 - Dec 30, 2053
 
10-15-0-16
Zhejiang Jinhua Industrial Park
 
37515.00
 
Dec 30, 2003 - Dec 30, 2053
 
10-15-0-17
Zhejiang Jinhua Industrial Park
 
49162.00
 
Dec 30, 2003 - Dec 30, 2053
 
10-15-0-18

Item 3.
Legal Proceedings.
 
 
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Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
 
Market Information
 
Our common stock began trading on the OTCBB under the symbol “KNDI” on July 6, 2007. Prior to this date, no liquid market had existed for our common stock. Our common stock began trading on the NASDAQ Capital Market on March 18, 2008. The following are the high and low bid prices for our common stock for each quarter from July 6, 2007 to December 31, 2009.

   
HIGH
   
LOW
 
FISCAL 2009
           
Fourth Quarter (through December 31, 2009)
  $ 6.20     $ 1.78  
Third Quarter (through September 30, 2009)
  $ 2.47     $ 1.10  
Second Quarter (through June 30, 2009)
  $ 1.74     $ 0.78  
First Quarter (through March 31, 2009)
  $ 1.05     $ 0.46  
FISCAL 2008
               
Fourth Quarter (through December 31, 2008)
  $ 2.40     $ 0.72  
Third Quarter (through September 30, 2008)
  $ 4.30     $ 1.75  
Second Quarter (through June 30, 2008)
  $ 7.25     $ 4.09  
First Quarter (through March 31, 2008)
  $ 5.65     $ 4.28  
FISCAL 2007
               
Fourth Quarter (through December 31, 2007)
  $ 5.30     $ 3.72  
Third Quarter (through September 30, 2007)
  $ 4.25     $ 3.25  
 
Holders of Common Stock
 
As of March 15, 2010, there were 1,817 record holders of our common stock.
 
Dividends
 
We have never paid a dividend on our common stock. At present, we intend to retain any earnings for use in our business and do not anticipate paying cash dividends in the foreseeable future.
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data.

Not applicable.

Item 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation.
 
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the information contained in the consolidated financial statements of the Company and the notes thereto appearing elsewhere herein. Readers should carefully review the risk factors disclosed in this Form 10-K and other documents filed by the Company with the SEC.
 
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CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES
 
This section should be read together with the Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the attached consolidated financial statements included in this report.
 
Estimates affecting accounts receivable and inventories
 
The preparation of our consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect our reporting of assets and liabilities (and contingent assets and liabilities). These estimates are particularly significant where they affect the reported net realizable value of the Company’s accounts receivable and inventories.
 

 
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost, determined on a weighted average basis, or net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated cost of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.  When inventories are sold, their carrying amount is charged to expense in the year in which the revenue is recognized. Write-downs for declines in net realizable value or for losses of inventories are recognized as an expense in the year the impairment or loss occurs. There were $152,278 is write downs in 2009 for slow moving inventory in the year ended of December 31, 2009, and no declines in net realizable value of inventory for the years ended of December 31, 2008 and 2007.
 
While the Company currently believes that there is little likelihood that actual results will differ materially from these current estimates, if customer demand for our products decreases significantly in the near future, or if the financial condition of our customers deteriorates in the near future, the Company could realize significant write downs for slow-moving inventories or uncollectible accounts receivable.

Policy affecting recognition of revenue
 
Among the most important accounting policies affecting our consolidated financial statements is our policy of recognizing revenue. Revenues represent the invoiced value of goods sold, recognized upon the shipment of goods to customers, and are recognized when all of the following criteria are met:
 
 
1.
Persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists;
 
2.
Delivery has occurred or services have been rendered;
 
3.
The seller’s price to the buyer is fixed or determinable; and
 
4.
Collectability is reasonably assured.
 
The majority of the Company’s revenue results from sales contracts with distributors. Revenue is recorded upon the shipment of goods. Management conducts credit background checks for new customers as a means to reduce the subjectivity of assuring collectability. Based on these factors, the Company believes that it can apply the provisions of SAB 104 with minimal subjectivity.
 
 
- 15 -

 
 
RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

Recently Implemented Standards

ASC 105, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“ASC 105”) (formerly Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 168, The FASB Accounting Standards Codification and the Hierarchy of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles a replacement of FASB Statement No. 162) reorganized by topic existing accounting and reporting guidance issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) into a single source of authoritative generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) to be applied by nongovernmental entities. All guidance contained in the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) carries an equal level of authority. Rules and interpretive releases of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) under authority of federal securities laws are also sources of authoritative GAAP for SEC registrants. Accordingly, all other accounting literature will be deemed “non-authoritative.” ASC 105 is effective on a prospective basis for financial statements issued for interim and annual periods ending after September 15, 2009. The Company has implemented the guidance included in ASC 105 as of July 1, 2009. The implementation of this guidance changed the Company’s references to GAAP authoritative guidance but did not impact the Company’s financial position or results of operations.
 
ASC 855, Subsequent Events (“ASC 855”) (formerly Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 165, Subsequent Events) includes guidance that was issued by the FASB in May 2009, and is consistent with current auditing standards in defining a subsequent event. Additionally, the guidance provides for disclosure regarding the existence and timing of a company’s evaluation of its subsequent events. ASC 855 defines two types of subsequent events, “recognized” and “non-recognized.” Recognized subsequent events provide additional evidence about conditions that existed at the date of the balance sheet and are required to be reflected in the financial statements. Non-recognized subsequent events provide evidence about conditions that did not exist at the date of the balance sheet but arose after that date and, therefore; are not required to be reflected in the financial statements. However, certain non-recognized subsequent events may require disclosure to prevent the financial statements from being misleading. This guidance was effective prospectively for interim or annual financial periods ending after June 15, 2009. The Company implemented the guidance included in ASC 855 as of July 1, 2009. The effect of implementing this guidance was not material to the Company’s financial position or results of operations.
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In August 2009, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2009-05, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (Topic 820): Measuring Liabilities at Fair Value (“ASC Update No. 2009-05”). This update amends ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures and provides further guidance on measuring the fair value of a liability. The guidance establishes the types of valuation techniques to be used to value a liability when a quoted market price in an active market for the identical liability is not available, such as the use of an identical or similar liability when traded as an asset. The guidance also further clarifies that a quoted price in an active market for the identical liability at the measurement date and the quoted price for the identical liability when traded as an asset in an active market when no adjustments to the quoted price of the asset are required are both Level 1 fair value measurements. If adjustments are required to be applied to the quoted price, it results in a level 2 or 3 fair value measurement. The guidance provided in the update is effective for the first reporting period (including interim periods) beginning after issuance. The Company does not expect that the implementation of ASC Update No. 2009-05 will have a material effect on its financial position or results of operations.

- 16 -

 
In September 2009, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2009-12, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (Topic 820): Investments in Certain Entities that Calculate Net Asset Value per Share (or Its Equivalent) (“ASC Update No. 2009-12”). This update sets forth guidance on using the net asset value per share provided by an investee to estimate the fair value of an alternative investment. Specifically, the update permits a reporting entity to measure the fair value of this type of investment on the basis of the net asset value per share of the investment (or its equivalent) if all or substantially all of the underlying investments used in the calculation of the net asset value is consistent with ASC 820. The update also requires additional disclosures by each major category of investment, including, but not limited to, fair value of underlying investments in the major category, significant investment strategies, redemption restrictions, and unfunded commitments related to investments in the major category. The amendments in this update are effective for interim and annual periods ending after December 15, 2009 with early application permitted. The Company does not expect that the implementation of ASC Update No. 2009-12 will have a material effect on its financial position or results of operations.

In June 2009, FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 167, Amendments to FASB Interpretation No. 46(R) (“Statement No. 167”). Statement No. 167 amends FASB Interpretation No. 46R, Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities an interpretation of ARB No. 51 (“FIN 46R”) to require an analysis to determine whether a company has a controlling financial interest in a variable interest entity. This analysis identifies the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity as the enterprise that has (a) the power to direct the activities of a variable interest entity that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance and (b) the obligation to absorb losses of the entity that could potentially be significant to the variable interest entity or the right to receive benefits from the entity that could potentially be significant to the variable interest entity. The statement requires an ongoing assessment of whether a company is the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity when the holders of the entity, as a group, lose power, through voting or similar rights, to direct the actions that most significantly affect the entity’s economic performance. This statement also enhances disclosures about a company’s involvement in variable interest entities. Statement No. 167 is effective as of the beginning of the first annual reporting period that begins after November 15, 2009. Although Statement No. 167 has not been incorporated into the Codification, in accordance with ASC 105, the standard shall remain authoritative until it is integrated. The Company does not expect the adoption of Statement No. 167 to have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.

 
In June 2009, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 166, Accounting for Transfers of Financial Assets an amendment of FASB Statement No. 140 (“Statement No. 166”). Statement No. 166 revises FASB Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 140, Accounting for Transfers and Extinguishment of Liabilities a replacement of FASB Statement 125 (“Statement No. 140”) and requires additional disclosures about transfers of financial assets, including securitization transactions, and any continuing exposure to the risks related to transferred financial assets. It also eliminates the concept of a “qualifying special-purpose entity,” changes the requirements for derecognizing financial assets, and enhances disclosure requirements. Statement No. 166 is effective prospectively, for annual periods beginning after November 15, 2009, and interim and annual periods thereafter. Although Statement No. 166 has not been incorporated into the Codification, in accordance with ASC 105, the standard shall remain authoritative until it is integrated. The Company does not expect the adoption of Statement No. 166 will have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.
 
 
- 17 -

 
 
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS – YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AS COMPARED TO YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2008
 
The following table sets forth the amounts and the percentage relationship to revenues of certain items in our consolidated statements of income for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008:
 
For The Years Ended
December 31, 2009 and 2008
 
   
2009
   
2008
   
Comparisons
 
   
Amount
   
% of
Revenue
   
Amount
   
% of
Revenue
   
Change in
Amount
   
Change
In %
 
REVENUES
  $ 33,827,762       100.0 %   $ 40,513,788       100.0 %   $ (6,686,026 )     (16.5 )%
COST OF GOODS SOLD
    25,613,087       75.7 %     30,919,868       76.3 %     (5,306,781 )     (17.2 )%
GROSS PROFIT
    8,214,675       24.3 %     9,593,920       23.7 %     (1,379,245 )     (14.4 )%
Research and Development
    2,341,393       6.9 %     839,989       2.1 %     1,501,404       178.7 %
Selling and Marketing
    1,023,210       3.0 %     477,413       1.2 %     545,797       114.3 %
General and Administration
    2,573,509       7.6 %     1,836,394       4.5 %     737,115       40.2 %
INCOME FROM OPERATIONS
    2,276,563       6.8 %     6,440,124       15.9 %     (4,163,561 )     (64.7 )%
Government Grants
    127,347       0.4 %     64,595       0.2 %     62,752       97.2 %
Forfeiture of Customer Deposits and Forgiveness of Debt
    -       0.0 %     16,235       0.0 %     (16,235 )     (100.0 )%
Other (Expense) Income, Net
    361,745       1.1 %     100,331       0.2 %     261,414       260.6 %
Interest Expense, Net
    (1,478,276 )     (4.4 )%     (2,017,323 )     (5.0 )%     539,047       (26.7 )%
INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAX
    1,287,379       3.9 %     4,603,962       11.3 %     (3,316,583 )     (72.0 )%
INCOME TAX (EXPENSE) BENEFIT
    (287,578 )     (0.9 )%     (9,605 )     0.0 %     (277,973 )     (2894.0 )%
NET INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS
    999,801       3.0 %     4,594,357       11.3 %     (3,594,556 )     (78.2 )%
INCOME FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATION
    -       0.0 %     327,721       0.8 %     (327,721 )     (100.0 )%
NET INCOME
  $ 999,801       3.0 %   $ 4,922,078       12.1 %   $ (3,982,826 )     (81.0 )%
 
Revenues
 
Total revenues of $33,827,762 for the year ended December 31, 2009 decreased by 16.5% as compared to the same period of 2008. The global economic crisis continuing from 2008 negatively affected sales of all of our vehicles, particularly our recreational vehicle lines.
 
Based on a determination that China will be among the first markets to recover from the global economic crisis, we have spent much time and resources on developing products targeting the Chinese market.  In addition to the relative health of the Chinese economy, the Company expects to also benefit from the stimulus package enacted by the PRC government in November 2008.  The November stimulus package includes cash subsidies of 60,000 RMB (approximately $8,775) provided to the purchaser of each renewable energy vehicle.  We believe that our electric CoCo super-mini car will qualify for such subsidies.
 
- 18 -


For the year ended December 31, 2009, sales of ATVs dropped 61% from $4,981,793 in 2008 to $3,021,352.  UTV sales also decreased from $13,026,428 to $8,478,679, representing a 65% drop.  Go-kart sales also dropped 65% from $20,818,650 in 2008 to $13,487,087 in 2009. The decreases are mainly attributable to the decreased demand from the U.S. market as a result of the financial crisis.
 
Kandi began sales of its gas-powered super-mini car, CoCo, in August 2008.  In 2009, the Company launched the battery powered all-electric CoCo. The Company expects significant growth in the sales of the CoCo in China and expects to expand the product line in the near term.

Cost of Goods Sold

Cost of goods sold during the year ended December 31, 2009 was $25,613,087 representing a 17.2% decrease from last year, which corresponds to the decrease in sales. Cost of goods sold as a percentage of revenues was 75.7% for 2009 as compared to 76.3% for the year 2008 which reflects the Company’s continued focus on cost control and sourcing and operational efficiencies.

Gross profit

Gross profit decreased by $1,379,245, or 14.4%, for the year ended December 31, 2009 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2008. This decrease reflected lower net sales and decreased cost of goods sold across our businesses.

Selling and Marketing

Selling and marketing expenses, which include distribution expenses, increased significantly during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009, from $447,413 to $1,023,210.  This 113.4% increase is primarily due to a one-time expense of $673,265 associated with issuing options to purchase shares of the Company's common stock to two consultants as compensation for providing business development services.  Excluding this one-time expense, selling and marketing expenses decreased by 21.8% from the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008 because of lower shipping expenses.  The Company shipped fewer vehicles overseas during 2009, partly because of a decrease in sales and partly because the Company stopped exporting vehicles directly and began using an export agent who bears shipping expenses.

- 19 -

 
General and Administrative

General and administrative expenses increased 40.2% during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009, from $1,836,394 to $2,573,509, primarily due to the stock based compensation expense associated with issuing options to the Company’s employees.  In February 2009, the Company issued options to purchase a total of 2,600,000 shares of common stock to ten executives and managerial level employees. The fair value of the stock option on the grant date was $2,062,964.  The Company amortized the stock compensation expense using the straight-line method over the service period from February 11, 2009 through February 11, 2012. During the year ended December 31, 2009, the compensation expense was $1,155,642, accounting for 3.4% of the total revenue of the reporting period. Excluding this compensation cost, general and administrative expenses decreased from $1,836,394 in 2008 to $1,417,867 in 2009, a 22.8% decrease, representing the Company’s continuous effort on cutting cost and improving operation efficiency to deal with the difficult economy environment.

 
Research and Development

 
For the year ended December 31, 2009, research and development expenses increased $1,501,404 to $2,341,393 from $839,989 for the year ended December 31, 2008. The increase is attributed to the significant research and development expenses required for the electric-powered CoCo and a new diesel powered farmer pick up truck.
 
Government grants

 
Government grants totaled $127,347 for the year ended December 31, 2009, representing a 97.2% increase over the same period in 2008, primarily due to the PRC government’s grant of subsidies for research related to electric-powered vehicles.  The government grants consist of $38,007 in subsidies for supporting companies that have competitive advantages, $71,409 in subsidies for technological innovation and patent application, $1,462 in subsidies for IT development, and $16,470 in export subsidies.  Our electric-powered vehicles were launched in October 2008 and will continue to be our focus product in 2010.
 
Interest Expense, Net

Net interest expense was $1,478,276 for the year ended December 31, 2009, compared to $2,017,323 for the year ended December 31, 2008, a decrease of 26.7%.  This decrease is mainly the result of the decrease in interest expense of $568,902 paid for short term bank loans due to lower interest rates.

 
Income Taxes
 
On March 16, 2007, the National People’s Congress of the PRC determined to adopt a new corporate income tax law in its fifth plenary session. The new corporate income tax law unifies the application scope, tax rate, tax deduction and preferential policy for both domestic and foreign-invested enterprises.  The new corporate income tax law took effect on January 1, 2008. In accordance with the relevant tax laws and regulations of the PRC, the applicable corporate income tax rate of Kandi is 25%. However, a foreign-invested company which registered with the PRC government before March 16, 2007 is still permitted to apply the former corporate income tax rules. Thus, our company was exempt from corporate income tax for 2007 and 2008 and is also entitled to a 50% tax reduction for 2009, 2010 and 2011, of which the tax rate is 12.5%. The Company had a tax expense of $287,578 for the year ended December 31, 2009 and had a tax expense of $9,605 for the year ended December 31, 2008.
 
- 20 -

 
Net Income
 
Net income for the year ended December 31, 2009 was $999,801, which was a significant decrease of 78% as compared to 2008. The decrease is primarily due to a decrease in sales and the increase in research and development expense. The net profit also includes the option related cost of $1,828,907 incurred during the year 2009 for the issuance of options to purchase 2,600,000 shares of common stock to Company employees and directors, as well as the issuance of options to purchase 350,000 shares of common stock to consultants as payment for business development services to the Company. In the year ended 2009, the Company also incurred a write down of $152,282 for slow moving inventory.
 
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS – THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AS COMPARED TO THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2008

The following table sets forth the amounts and percentage relationship to revenue of certain items in our condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.

   
For Three
Months Ended
December 31, 
2009
   
% Of
Revenue
   
For Three
Months Ended
December 31, 
2008
   
% Of
Revenue
   
Change In
Amount
   
Change 
In %
 
                                                 
REVENUES, NET
  $ 14,716,645       100.0 %   $ 10,078,810       100.0 %   $ 4,645,835       46.1 %
COST OF GOODS SOLD
    (11,286,010 )     (76.7 )%     (8,082,043 )     (80.3 )%     (3,203,967 )     39.7 %
GROSS PROFIT
    3,430,635       23.3 %     1,988,767       19.7 %     1,441,867       72.5 %
Research and development
    574,183       3.9 %     363,995       3.6 %     210,188       57.7 %
Selling and distribution expenses
    760,230       5.2 %     120,945       1.2 %     639,285       528.6 %
General and administrative expenses
    606,927       4.1 %     563,410       5.6 %     43,517       7.7 %
INCOME FROM OPERATIONS
    1,489,295       10.1 %     940,416       9.3 %     548,879       58.4 %
Interest expense, net
    (617,513 )     (4.2 )%     (492,551 )     (4.9 )%     (124,962 )     25.4 %
Government grants
    -       0 %     7,295       0.1 %     (7,295 )     (100 )%
Forgiveness of debt
    -       0 %     10,385       0.1 %     (10,385 )     (100 )%
Forfeiture of customer deposits
    -       0 %     6,393       0.1 %     (6,393 )     (100 )%
Other income, net
    49,712       0.4 %     62,763       0.6 %     (13,051 )     (20.8 )%
INCOME FROM OPERATIONS BEFORE INCOME TAXES
    921,493       6.3 %     534,702       5.3 %     386,791       72.3 %
INCOME TAX (EXPENSE) BENEFIT
    (140,973 )     (1.0 )%     (93,687 )     (0.9 )%     (47,286 )     50.5 %
                                                 
INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS
    780,520       5.3 %     441,014       4.4 %     339,506       77.0 %
                                                 
DISCONTINUED OPERATION
                                               
NET GAIN FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATION
    -       -       -       -       -       -  
NET (LOSS) INCOME
    780,520       5.3 %     441,014       4.4 %     339,506       77.0 %
 
- 21 -

 
(a) Revenue
 
For the three months ended December 31, 2009, our revenue increased by 46% from $10,070,810 to $14,716,645 as compared to the three months ended December 31, 2008. The global economic crisis which significantly impacted 2008 has eased, and the global economy, especially the Chinese economy, has shown strong recovery and enhanced the Company’s sales.

(b) Cost of goods sold

Cost of goods sold during the three months ended December 31, 2009 was $11,286,010, representing a 39.6% increase from the three months ended December 31, 2008, which corresponds to the Company’s continuous effort on improving the production efficiency.

(c) Gross profit

Gross profit for the three months ended December 31, 2009 has increased $1,441,867, 72.5% from 1,988,767 of the same period of last year, primarily due to the Company’s promotion and focus on higher margin, higher price products.

(d) Selling and distribution expenses

Selling and distribution expenses were $760,230 for the three months ended December 31, 2009. The significant increase in these expenses was the result of the $673,265 expense for the options issued to consultants for their assistance in exploring the Chinese market.

(e) General and administrative expenses

General and administrative expenses were $606,927 for the three months ended December 31, 2009, as compared to $563,410 for the same period in 2008, representing a 7.7% increase.  Excluding the $315,176 share based compensation related to options issued to employees, the general and administrative expense for the three months ended December 31, 2009 decreased 65.4% from same period of last year.  This decrease reflects the Company’s continuing effort on cost cutting in this period.

(f) Research and development

Research and development expenses were $574,183 for the three months ended December 31, 2009, as compared to $363,995 from the same period in 2008, representing a 57.7% increase.  The increase was due to additional research and development efforts on new products and the quality improvements on existing products.
 
 
- 22 -

 

(g) Net interest expense

Net interest expense was $617,513 for the three months ended December 31, 2009, as compared to $492,551 for the same period last year, an increase of 25.4%. This increase was primarily due to the decreased interest income generated from note receivables during the three months ended December 31, 2009.  At December 31, 2009, the balance of the Company’s note receivables were $2,267,599, a significant decrease from $13,235,961 as of December 31, 2008.

(h) Net (loss) income

The operating performance of the Company for the three months ended December 31, 2009 resulted in a net profit of $780,520 as compared to $441,104 for the same period last year, an increase of 170%.  This increase was particularly significant considering it takes into account an expense of $988,399 related to options issued to consultants and employees.
 
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Cash Flow

Net cash flow used in operating activities was ($8,531,606) for the year ended December 31, 2009, as compared to net cash flow provided by operating activities of $15,147,665 for the year ended December 31, 2008. The difference is mainly attributable to the decrease of net income and net cash outflow caused by increase in account receivable, inventory, prepayments, and decrease in account payable. For the year ended December 31, 2009, the change in account receivable and account payable caused a net cash outflow of ($7,141,861) and ($4,653,358) respectively, compared to a net cash inflow of $3,680,979 and $3,048,097 respectively for the same reporting period of 2008.

Net cash flow provided by investing activities was $5,864,137 for the year ended December 31, 2009 as compared to net cash flow used in investing activities of ($22,020,980) for the same reporting period in 2008. This was primarily due to a net cash inflow from notes receivable of $10,995,353, as compared to a net cash outflow in notes receivable of ($13,188,108) for the same period last year.

Net cash flow provided by financing activities was $2,057,648 for the year ended December 31, 2009, as compared to net cash flow provided by financing activities of $6,290,243 for the same period of 2008. This is mainly because during the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company repaid notes payable of ($24,654,718) and received proceeds from notes payable of $19,475,495, whereas during the same period in 2008, the Company received an inflow of cash $11,604,426 from the notes payable.
 
Working Capital

The Company had a working capital deficit of $12,102,868 at December 31, 2009, which was a decrease from a working capital deficit of $13,949,253 as of December 31, 2008. The working capital deficit was principally due to the Company using its own cash and the cash borrowed from bank loans to support the new plant construction to prepare for the launch of new products targeting the Chinese market.

As of December 31, 2009, the Company has credit lines from commercial banks for $37,003,452, of which $26,326,566 was used at December 31, 2009.

- 23 -

 
The Company believes that its cash flows generated internally may not be sufficient to sustain operations and repay short term bank loans for the next twelve months. Therefore, from time to time, the Company may require extra funding through short term borrowing from PRC banks or other financing activities if needed in the near future. On January 21, 2010, the Company issued a total of $10 million of senior secured convertible notes and warrants exercisable for an aggregate of 800,000 shares of the Company’s Common Stock, for the use of working capital.

The Company has historically financed itself through short-term commercial bank loans from PRC banks.  The term of these loans are typically for one year, and upon the payment of all outstanding principal and interest in a respective loan, the banks have typically rolled over the loans for additional one-year terms, with adjustments made to the interest rate to reflect prevailing market rates. We believe that short term bank loans will be available on normal trade terms if needed.

Off-balance Sheet Arrangements

As of December 31, 2009, the aggregated amount of short-term bank loans that are guaranteed by third parties was $5,850,348, of which $2,925,174 is guaranteed by Zhejiang Mengdeli Electric Company whose bank loans of $2,486,397 are also guaranteed by the Company.

On July 21, 2009, Kandi entered into a guarantee contract to serve as guarantor for the bank loans borrowed from Huaxia Bank Hangzhou branch in the amount of $2,486,397 during the period from July 21, 2009 to July 20, 2010 by Zhejiang Mengdeli Electronic Co. Ltd (“ZMEC”), a company unrelated to Kandi. Under this guarantee contract, Kandi shall perform all obligations of ZMEC under the loan contract if ZMEC fails to perform its obligations as set forth in the loan contract.

Other than the arrangement described above, we have not entered into any derivative contracts that are indexed to our shares and classified as shareholder’s equity or that are not reflected in our consolidated financial statements. Furthermore, we do not have any retained or contingent interest in assets transferred to an unconsolidated entity that serves as credit, liquidity or market risk support to such entity. We do not have any variable interest in any unconsolidated entity that provides financing, liquidity, market risk or credit support to us or engages in leasing, hedging or research and development services with us.
 
Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

Not applicable.
 
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
 
 
- 24 -

 
 
KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
 
AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
FOR THE YEARS ENDED
 
DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008
 
 
 

 
 
KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONTENTS

PAGE
F-1-2
REPORTS OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRMS
     
PAGES
F-3-4
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008
     
PAGES
F-5-6
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008
     
PAGE
F-7
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008
     
PAGES
F-8-9
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008
     
PAGES
F-10-35
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008
 
 
 

 
 
ALBERT WONG & CO.
CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS
7th Floor, Nan Dao Commercial Building
359-361 Queen’s Road Central
Hong Kong
Tel : 2851 7954
Fax: 2545 4086

ALBERT WONG
B.Soc., Sc., ACA., LL.B.,
CPA(Practising)

 
To:
The board of directors and stockholders of
Kandi Technologies, Corp. and Subsidiaries

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Kandi Technologies, Corp. and subsidiaries (“the Company”) as of December 31, 2009 and the related consolidated statements of income, stockholders' equity and cash flow for the year then ended. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).  Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

We were not engaged to examine management’s assertion about the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2009 included in the Company’s Item 9A “Controls and Procedures” in the Annual Report on Form 10-K and, accordingly, we do not express an opinion thereon.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Kandi Technologies, Corp. as of December 31, 2009 and the results of its operations and its cash flow for the year then ended in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Hong Kong, China
Albert Wong & Co.
March 31, 2010
Certified Public Accountants

 
F-1

 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of:
Kandi Technologies Corp. and Subsidiaries

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Kandi Technologies Corp. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2008, and the related consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income, changes in shareholders’ equity and cash flows for the year then ended. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company was not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Kandi Technologies Corp. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2008 and the consolidated results of their operations and their cash flows for the year then ended in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Weinberg & Company, P.A.

Boca Raton, Florida
March 6, 2009
 
 
F-2

 
 
KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
ASSETS

   
December 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2009
   
2008
 
             
CURRENT ASSETS
           
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 218,207     $ 141,380  
Restricted cash
    5,704,984       12,550,685  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $0 and $7,123 as of December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively
    14,879,968       7,715,081  
Inventories, net of reserve for slow moving inventories of $152,278 and $0 as of December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively
    5,382,760       3,207,571  
Notes receivable
    2,267,599       13,235,961  
Other receivables
    321,336       289,315  
Prepayments and prepaid expenses
    30,083       60,017  
Due from employees
    28,228       19,805  
Advances to suppliers
    1,164,672       -  
Total Current Assets
    29,997,837       37,219,815  
                 
LONG-TERM ASSETS
               
Plant and equipment, net
    23,146,833       20,832,549  
Land use rights, net
    10,719,528       9,368,403  
Construction in progress
    -       1,913,456  
Deferred taxes
    207,747       265,243  
       Total Long-Term Assets
    34,074,108       32,379,651  
                 
TOTAL ASSETS
  $ 64,071,945     $ 69,599,466  
 
See notes to consolidated financial statements
 
 
F-3

 

KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
   
December 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2009
   
2008
 
CURRENT LIABILITIES
           
Accounts payable
  $ 4,738,543     $ 9,371,105  
Other payables and accrued expenses
    1,871,020       1,151,245  
Short-term bank loans
    26,326,566       26,115,375  
Customer deposits
    39,371       676,548  
Notes payable
    7,931,540       13,081,026  
Income tax payable
    201,564       -  
Due to employees
    88,306       10,502  
Due to related party
    841,251       623,767  
Deferred taxes
    62,544       139,500  
Total Current Liabilities
    42,100,705       51,169,068  
                 
LONG-TERM LIABILITIES
               
Total Long-Term Liabilities
    -       -  
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES
    42,100,705       51,169,068  
                 
CONMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
    -       -  
                 
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
               
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized; 19,961,000 and 19,961,000 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively
    19,961       19,961  
Additional paid-in capital
    8,967,012       7,138,105  
Retained earnings (the restricted portion is $890,912 and $534,040 at December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively)
    11,046,999       10,047,198  
Accumulated other comprehensive income
    1,937,268       1,225,134  
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
    21,971,240       18,430,398  
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
  $ 64,071,945     $ 69,599,466  
 
See notes to consolidated financial statements
 
 
F-4

 
 
KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008
 
   
2009
   
2008
 
REVENUES, NET
  $ 33,827,762     $ 40,513,788  
                 
COST OF GOODS SOLD
    25,613,087       30,919,868  
                 
GROSS PROFIT
    8,214,675       9,593,920  
Research and development
    2,341,393       839,989  
Selling and marketing
    1,023,210       477,413  
General and administrative
    2,573,509       1,836,394  
INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS
    2,276,563       6,440,124  
Interest expense
    (1,811,930 )     (2,334,097 )
Interest income
    333,654       316,774  
Government grants
    127,347       64,595  
Forfeiture of customer deposits
    -       6,186  
Forgiveness of debt
    -       10,049  
Other, net
    361,745       100,331  
INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS BEFORE INCOME TAXES
    1,287,379       4,603,962  
                 
INCOME TAX EXPENSE
    (287,578 )     (9,605 )
                 
INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS
    999,801       4,594,357  
                 
DISCONTINUED OPERATION
               
                 
Loss from discontinued operation
    -       (33,398 )
Gain from disposition of discontinued operation
    -       361,119  
                 
    NET GAIN FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATION
    -       327,721  
                 
NET INCOME
    999,801       4,922,078  
                 
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
               
                 
Foreign currency translation
    712,134       466,779  
 
See notes to consolidated financial statements
 
 
F-5

 
 
KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008
 
   
2009
   
2008
 
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
  $ 1,711,935      $ 5,388,857  
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING BASIC
    19,961,000       19,961,000  
DILUTED
    21,478,717       19,961,000  
                 
INCOME PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS, BASIC
  $ 0.05     $ $0.23  
DILUTED
  $ 0.05     $ 0.23  
                   
INCOME PER SHARE FROM NET GAIN FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATION, BASIC AND DILUTED
  $ -     $ 0.02  
NET INCOME PER SHARE, BASIC
  $ 0.05     $ 0.25  
                 
NET INCOME PER SHARE, DILUTED
  $ 0.05     $ 0.25  
 
See notes to consolidated financial statements
 
 
F-6

 

 KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008
 
   
Common Stock
   
Additional
         
Accumulated
Other
       
   
Shares
   
Par Value
   
Paid-in
Capital
   
Retained
Earnings
   
Comprehensive
Income
   
Total
 
BALANCE AT DECEMBER 31, 2007
    19,961,000     $ 19,961     $ 7,138,105     $ 5,125,120     $ 758,355     $ 13,041,541  
                                                 
Foreign currency translation gain
    -       -       -       -       466,779       466,779  
Net income
    -       -       -       4,922,078       -       4,922,078  
BALANCE AT DECEMBER 31, 2008
    19,961,000     $ 19,961     $ 7,138,105     $ 10,047,198     $ 1,225,134     $ 18,430,398  
                                                 
Stock option issuance
    -       -       1,828,907       -       -       1,828,907  
Foreign currency translation gain
    -       -       -       -       712,134       712,134  
Net income
    -       -       -       999,801       -       999,801  
BALANCE AT DECEMBER 31, 2009
    19,961,000     $ 19,961     $ 8,967,012     $ 11,046,999     $ 1,937,268     $ 21,971,240  
 
See notes to consolidated financial statements
 
 
F-7

 
 
KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOW
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008
 
   
2009
   
2008
 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
           
Net income
  $ 999,801     $ 4,922,078  
Net gain from discontinued operation
    -       (327,721 )
Income from continuing operations
    999,801       4,594,357  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
    3,436,004       1,976,369  
Provision for doubtful accounts
    -       5,308  
Deferred taxes
    (19,460 )     9,605  
Forgiveness of debt
    -       (10,049 )
Forfeiture of customer deposits
    -       (6,186 )
Option issue cost
    1,828,907       -  
                 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisition:
               
(Increase) Decrease In:
               
Accounts receivable
    (7,141,861 )     3,680,979  
Inventories
    (2,166,048 )     85,959  
Other receivables
    (31,284 )     127,137  
Due from employees
    69,367       320  
Prepayments and prepaid expenses
    (1,133,979 )     (42,243 )
                 
Increase (Decrease) In:
               
Accounts payable
    (4,653,358 )     3,048,097  
Other payables and accrued liabilities
    717,365       772,570  
Customer deposits
    (638,515 )     199,412  
Income tax payable
    201,455       -  
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities from continuing operations
    (8,531,606 )     14,441,635  
Net cash provided by operating activities from discontinued operation
    -       706,030  
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
    (8,531,606 )     15,147,665  
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
               
Purchases of plant and equipment
    (1,856,993 )     (482,581 )
Addition to construction in progress
    (2,382,372 )     (8,427,605 )
 Purchase of a subsidiary, net of cash acquired
    -       (44,129 )
Issuance of notes receivable
    (10,013,921 )     (19,284,461 )
Proceeds from disposal of fixed assets
    -       121,443  
Repayments of notes receivable
    21,009,274       6,096,353  
Purchase of land use right
    (891,851 )     -  
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities from continuing operations
    5,864,137       (22,020,980 )
Net cash provided by investing activities from discontinued operation
    -       -  
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
    5,864,137       (22,020,980 )
  
See notes to consolidated financial statements
 
 
F-8

 
 
KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOW
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008
 
   
2009
   
2008
 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
           
  Restricted cash
    6,873,207       (11,183,462 )
  Proceeds from short-term bank loans
    32,159,605       37,099,213  
  Repayments of short-term bank loans
    (32,013,425 )     (31,853,701 )
  Proceeds from notes payable
    19,475,495       13,063,385  
  Repayments of notes payable
    (24,654,718 )     (1,458,959 )
   Repayments of advances to related parties
    217,484       623,767  
   Net cash provided by financing activities from continuing operations
    2,057,648       6,290,243  
   Net cash used in financing activities from discontinued operation
    -       -  
 Net cash provided by financing activities
    2,057,648       6,290,243  
                 
NET DECREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
    (609,821 )     (583,072 )
  Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
    686,648       (424,688 )
  Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
    141,380       1,149,140  
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF YEAR
  $ 218,207     $ 141,380  
                 
SUPPLEMENTARY CASH FLOW INFORMATION
               
  Income taxes paid
  $ 105,474       -  
  Interest paid
  $ 1,566,904     $ 2,204,006  
 
SUPPLEMENTAL NON-CASH DISCLOSURES:
 
During the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, $4,299,554 and $7,835,980 were transferred from construction in progress to plant and equipment, respectively.
  
See notes to consolidated financial statements
 
 
F-9

 
 
KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008

NOTE 1 - ORGANIZATION AND PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES

Stone Mountain Resources, Inc. (“Stone Mountain “) was incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware on March 31, 2004. On August 13, 2007, Stone Mountain Resources, Inc. changed its name to Kandi Technologies, Corp. (the “Company”).
 
On June 29, 2007, pursuant to the share exchange agreement between Stone Mountain Resources, Inc., Continental Development Limited, (“Continental”) and Excelvantage (Continental’s sole shareholder), Stone Mountain issued 12,000,000 shares of its common stock to Excelvantage, in exchange for 100% of the common stock of Continental. As a result of the share exchange, Continental became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Stone Mountain. Kandi Technologies, Corp. conducts its operations through its wholly owned subsidiary, Zhejiang Kandi Vehicles Co. Ltd., a People’s Republic of China (“PRC”) company.
 
On June 24, 2008 the Company closed its acquisition of 100% of the shares of Kandi Special Vehicles Co., Ltd (“KSV”), after which KSV became a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. The acquisition was accounted for as a purchase in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 805 “Business Combinations.” The consolidated statements of income include the results of operations of KSV at the date of acquisition. On March 10, 2009, KSV changed its name to Kandi New Energy Vehicles Co., Ltd, (“KNE”). On June 11, 2009, KNE changed its name back to KSV.

On May 9, 2008, the Company sold Zhejiang Yongkang Top Import & Export Co., Ltd. (“Dingji”), a subsidiary of the Company, to certain individuals. In accordance with ASC 360, “Property, Plant, and Equipment,” the results of operations of Dingji as of the disposal date May 9, 2008 are removed from the detailed financial statement line items to the “discontinued operation” of the Company’s financial statements.

The primary operations of the Company are the design, development, manufacturing, and commercializing of electrical vehicle, all-terrain vehicles, go-karts, and specialized automobile related products for the PRC and global export markets. Sales are made to dealers in Asia, North America, Europe and Australia.

NOTE 2 - LIQUIDITY

The Company’s working capital deficit is $12,102,868 as of December 31, 2009. As of December 31, 2009, the Company has credit lines from commercial banks for $37,003,452, of which $26,326,566 was used at December 31, 2009.

The Company believes that its cash flows generated internally may not be sufficient to sustain operations and repay short term bank loans for the next twelve months. Therefore, from time to time, the Company may require additional funding through short term borrowing from PRC banks or other financing activities if needed in the near future. Nevertheless, the Company believes that financing will be available on normal trade terms if needed.

NOTE 3 - BASIS OF PRESENTATION
 
The Company maintains its general ledger and journals with the accrual method accounting for financial reporting purposes. The financial statements and notes are representations of management. Accounting policies adopted by the Company conform to generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America and have been consistently applied in the presentation of financial statements.
 

 
F-10

 

KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008

NOTE 4 – PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Kandi Technologies, Corp., and the following subsidiaries:

(i)
Continental Development Ltd., (“Continental”) (a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company)
(ii)
Zhejiang Kandi Vehicles Co. Ltd., (“Zhejiang Kandi”) (a wholly-owned subsidiary of Continental)
(iii)
Kandi Special Vehicles Co., Ltd, (“KSV”, formerly known as Kandi New Energy Vehicles Co. Ltd.) (a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company)

Inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

NOTE 5 – USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Management makes these estimates using the best information available at the time the estimates are made; however actual results when ultimately realized could differ from those estimates.

NOTE 6 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

(a)  Economic and Political Risks

The Company’s operations are conducted in the PRC. Accordingly, the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations may be influenced by the political, economic and legal environments in the PRC, and by the general state of the PRC economy.

The Company’s operations in the PRC are subject to special considerations and significant risks not typically associated with companies in North America and Western Europe. These include risks associated with, among others, the political, economic and legal environment and foreign currency exchange. The Company’s results may be adversely affected by changes in the political and social conditions in the PRC, and by changes in governmental policies with respect to laws and regulations, anti-inflationary measures, currency conversion, remittances abroad, and rates and methods of taxation, among other things.

 
F-11

 

KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008

NOTE 6 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

(b) Fair Value of Financial Instruments

ASC 820 establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. The hierarchy prioritizes the inputs into three levels based on the extent to which inputs used in measuring fair value are observable in the market.

These tiers include:

·
Level 1—defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;
·
Level 2—defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and
·
Level 3—defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions.

The assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis subject to the disclosure requirements of ASC 820 as of December 31, 2009 are as follows:

   
Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using Quoted Prices in
 
   
Carrying value as
of December 31,
   
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets
   
Significant Other
Observable Inputs
   
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
 
   
2009
   
(Level 1)
   
(Level 2)
   
(Level 3)
 
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 218,207     $ 218,207       -       -  
Restricted cash
  $ 5,704,984     $ 5,704,984       -       -  

Cash and cash equivalents consist primarily of high rated money market funds at a variety of well-known institutions with original maturities of three months or less. Restricted cash represents time deposits on account to secure short-term bank loans and notes payable. The original cost of these assets approximates fair value due to their short-term maturity.

(c) Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers highly liquid investments purchased with original maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

Restricted cash on December 31, 2009 and 2008 represent time deposits on account to secure short-term bank loans and notes payable. Also see Notes 15 and 16.

(d) Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value (market value). The cost of raw materials is determined on the basis of weighted average. The cost of finished goods is determined on the weighted average basis and comprises direct materials, direct labor and an appropriate proportion of overhead.

Net realizable value is based on estimated selling prices less any further costs expected to be incurred for completion and selling expense.

 
F-12

 

KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008

NOTE 6 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

(e) Accounts Receivable

Accounts receivable are recognized and carried at original invoice amount less allowance for any uncollectible amounts. An estimate for doubtful accounts is made when collection of the full amount is no longer probable. At December 31, 2009 and 2008, the Company has an allowance for doubtful accounts of $0 and $7,123, respectively.

(f) Prepayments

Prepayments represent cash paid in advance to suppliers for raw materials purchases.

(g) Plant and Equipment

Plant and equipment are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation is provided over their estimated useful lives, using the straight-line method. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the life of the asset or the term of the lease, whichever is shorter. Estimated useful lives are as follows:

Buildings
30 years
Machinery
10 years
Motor vehicles
  5 years
Office equipment
  5 years
Moulds
  5 years

The cost and related accumulated depreciation of assets sold or otherwise retired are eliminated from the accounts and any gain or loss is included in the statement of income. The cost of maintenance and repairs is charged to expense as incurred, whereas significant renewals and betterments are capitalized.

(h) Construction in Progress

Construction in progress represents direct costs of construction or the acquisition cost of buildings or machinery and design fees. Capitalization of these costs ceases and the construction in progress is transferred to plant and equipment when substantially all the activities necessary to prepare the assets for their intended use are completed. No depreciation is provided until the assets are completed and ready for their intended use.

(i) Land Use Rights

According to the laws of China, land in the PRC is owned by the government and cannot be sold to an individual or a company.  However, the government grants the user a “land use right” to use the land.   The land use rights granted to the Company are being amortized using the straight-line method over the lease term of fifty years.

 
F-13

 

KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008

NOTE 6 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

(j) Accounting for the Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

The Group periodically evaluates the carrying value of long-lived assets to be held and used, including intangible assets subject to amortization, when events and circumstances warrant such a review, pursuant to the guidelines established in ASC No. 350. The carrying value of a long-lived asset is considered impaired when the anticipated undiscounted cash flow from such asset is separately identifiable and is less than its carrying value. In that event, a loss is recognized based on the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair market value of the long-lived asset. Fair market value is determined primarily using the anticipated cash flows discounted at a rate commensurate with the risk involved. Losses on long-lived assets to be disposed of are determined in a similar manner, except that fair market values are reduced for the cost to dispose.

During the reporting period, there was no impairment loss.

(k) Revenue Recognition

Revenues represent the invoiced value of goods sold recognized upon the shipment of goods to customers. Revenues are recognized when all of the following criteria are met:

 
·
Persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists;
 
·
Delivery has occurred or services have been rendered;
 
·
The seller’s price to the buyer is fixed or determinable; and
 
·
Collectability is reasonably assured.

The majority of the Company’s revenue results from sales contracts with distributors and revenue are recorded upon the shipment of goods. Management conducts credit background checks for new customers as a means to reduce the subjectivity of assuring collectibility.

(l) Research and Development

Expenditures relating to the development of new products and processes, including significant improvement to existing products are expensed as incurred. Research and development expenses were $2,341,393 and $839,989 for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively.

(m) Government Grant

Grants received from the PRC Government for assisting in the Company’s technical research and development efforts are netted against the relevant research and development costs incurred when the proceeds are received or collectible.

During 2009 and 2008, $127,347 and $64,595 was received from the PRC Government as a reward for the Company’s contribution to the local economy.

 
F-14

 

KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008

NOTE 6 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

(n) Retirement Benefits

Retirement benefits in the form of contributions under defined contribution retirement plans to the relevant authorities are charged as expenses as incurred. The retirement benefits expense for 2009 and 2008 are $87,214 and $69,990 respectively and are included in general and administrative expenses.

(o) Income Taxes

The Company accounts for income tax using an asset and liability approach and allows for recognition of deferred tax benefits in future years. Under the asset and liability approach, deferred taxes are provided for the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes. A valuation allowance is provided for deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not these items will either expire before the Company is able to realize their benefits, or that future realization is uncertain.

(p) Foreign Currency Translation

The accompanying consolidated financial statements are presented in United States dollars. The functional currency of the Company is the Renminbi (RMB). Capital accounts of the consolidated financial statements are translated into United States dollars from RMB at their historical exchange rates when the capital transactions occurred.

Assets and liabilities are translated at the exchange rates as of balance sheet date. Income and expenditures are translated at the average exchange rate of the year.

   
December 31, 
2009
   
December 31,
2008
 
Period end RMB : USD exchange rate
    6.8372       6.8542  
Average yearly RMB : USD exchange rate
    6.8409       7.0842  

(q) Comprehensive Income

Comprehensive income is defined to include all changes in equity except those resulting from investments by owners and distributions to owners. Among other disclosures, all items that are required to be recognized under current accounting standards as components of comprehensive income are required to be reported in a financial statement that is presented with the same prominence as other financial statements. Comprehensive income includes net income and the foreign currency translation changes.

 
F-15

 

KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008

NOTE 6 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

(r) Segments

The Company operates in one business segment, development, manufacturing, and commercialization of mini cars, all-terrain vehicles, go-karts, and special automobile related products.

(s) Stock Option Cost

The Company’s stock option cost is recorded in accordance with ASC 718.

The fair value of stock options is estimated using the Black-Scholes model. The Company’s expected volatility assumption is based on the historical volatility of the Company’s stock. The expected life assumption is primarily based on the expiration date of the option. The risk-free interest rate for the expected term of the option is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant.

Stock compensation expense recognized is based on awards expected to vest, and there were no estimated forfeitures. ASC 718 requires forfeitures to be estimated at the time of grant and revised in subsequent periods, if necessary, if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates.

The stock option based expense for the year ended December 31, 2009 is $1,828,907. Also see Note 18.

 
F-16

 

KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008

NOTE 7 – NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

Recently Implemented Standards

ASC 105, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“ASC 105”) (formerly Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 168, The FASB Accounting Standards Codification and the Hierarchy of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles a replacement of FASB Statement No. 162) reorganized by topic existing accounting and reporting guidance issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) into a single source of authoritative generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) to be applied by nongovernmental entities. All guidance contained in the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) carries an equal level of authority. Rules and interpretive releases of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) under authority of federal securities laws are also sources of authoritative GAAP for SEC registrants. Accordingly, all other accounting literature will be deemed “non-authoritative.” ASC 105 is effective on a prospective basis for financial statements issued for interim and annual periods ending after September 15, 2009. The Company has implemented the guidance included in ASC 105 as of July 1, 2009. The implementation of this guidance changed the Company’s references to GAAP authoritative guidance but did not impact the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

ASC 855, Subsequent Events (“ASC 855”) (formerly Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 165, Subsequent Events) includes guidance that was issued by the FASB in May 2009, and is consistent with current auditing standards in defining a subsequent event. Additionally, the guidance provides for disclosure regarding the existence and timing of a company’s evaluation of its subsequent events. ASC 855 defines two types of subsequent events, “recognized” and “non-recognized.” Recognized subsequent events provide additional evidence about conditions that existed at the date of the balance sheet and are required to be reflected in the financial statements. Non-recognized subsequent events provide evidence about conditions that did not exist at the date of the balance sheet but arose after that date and, therefore; are not required to be reflected in the financial statements. However, certain non-recognized subsequent events may require disclosure to prevent the financial statements from being misleading. This guidance was effective prospectively for interim or annual financial periods ending after June 15, 2009. The Company implemented the guidance included in ASC 855 as of July 1, 2009. The effect of implementing this guidance was not material to the Company’s financial position or results of operations.
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In August 2009, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2009-05, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (Topic 820): Measuring Liabilities at Fair Value (“ASC Update No. 2009-05”). This update amends ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures and provides further guidance on measuring the fair value of a liability. The guidance establishes the types of valuation techniques to be used to value a liability when a quoted market price in an active market for the identical liability is not available, such as the use of an identical or similar liability when traded as an asset. The guidance also further clarifies that a quoted price in an active market for the identical liability at the measurement date and the quoted price for the identical liability when traded as an asset in an active market when no adjustments to the quoted price of the asset are required are both Level 1 fair value measurements. If adjustments are required to be applied to the quoted price, it results in a level 2 or 3 fair value measurement. The guidance provided in the update is effective for the first reporting period (including interim periods) beginning after issuance. The Company does not expect that the implementation of ASC Update No. 2009-05 will have a material effect on its financial position or results of operations.

 
F-17

 

KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008

NOTE 7 – NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS (CONTINUED)
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements (Continued)

In September 2009, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2009-12, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (Topic 820): Investments in Certain Entities that Calculate Net Asset Value per Share (or Its Equivalent) (“ASC Update No. 2009-12”). This update sets forth guidance on using the net asset value per share provided by an investee to estimate the fair value of an alternative investment. Specifically, the update permits a reporting entity to measure the fair value of this type of investment on the basis of the net asset value per share of the investment (or its equivalent) if all or substantially all of the underlying investments used in the calculation of the net asset value is consistent with ASC 820. The update also requires additional disclosures by each major category of investment, including, but not limited to, fair value of underlying investments in the major category, significant investment strategies, redemption restrictions, and unfunded commitments related to investments in the major category. The amendments in this update are effective for interim and annual periods ending after December 15, 2009 with early application permitted. The Company does not expect that the implementation of ASC Update No. 2009-12 will have a material effect on its financial position or results of operations.

In June 2009, FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 167, Amendments to FASB Interpretation No. 46(R) (“Statement No. 167”). Statement No. 167 amends FASB Interpretation No. 46R, Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities an interpretation of ARB No. 51 (“FIN 46R”) to require an analysis to determine whether a company has a controlling financial interest in a variable interest entity. This analysis identifies the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity as the enterprise that has (a) the power to direct the activities of a variable interest entity that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance and (b) the obligation to absorb losses of the entity that could potentially be significant to the variable interest entity or the right to receive benefits from the entity that could potentially be significant to the variable interest entity. The statement requires an ongoing assessment of whether a company is the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity when the holders of the entity, as a group, lose power, through voting or similar rights, to direct the actions that most significantly affect the entity’s economic performance. This statement also enhances disclosures about a company’s involvement in variable interest entities. Statement No. 167 is effective as of the beginning of the first annual reporting period that begins after November 15, 2009. Although Statement No. 167 has not been incorporated into the Codification, in accordance with ASC 105, the standard shall remain authoritative until it is integrated. The Company does not expect the adoption of Statement No. 167 to have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.

In June 2009, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 166, Accounting for Transfers of Financial Assets an amendment of FASB Statement No. 140 (“Statement No. 166”). Statement No. 166 revises FASB Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 140, Accounting for Transfers and Extinguishment of Liabilities a replacement of FASB Statement 125 (“Statement No. 140”) and requires additional disclosures about transfers of financial assets, including securitization transactions, and any continuing exposure to the risks related to transferred financial assets. It also eliminates the concept of a “qualifying special-purpose entity,” changes the requirements for derecognizing financial assets, and enhances disclosure requirements. Statement No. 166 is effective prospectively, for annual periods beginning after November 15, 2009, and interim and annual periods thereafter. Although Statement No. 166 has not been incorporated into the Codification, in accordance with ASC 105, the standard shall remain authoritative until it is integrated. The Company does not expect the adoption of Statement No. 166 will have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.

 
F-18

 

KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008

NOTE 8 – CONCENTRATIONS

(a) Customers

The Company’s major customers for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 accounted for the following percentages of total sales and accounts receivable as follows:

   
Sales
   
Accounts Receivable
 
Major
Customers
 
Year Ended
December 31,
2009
   
Year Ended
December 31,
2008
   
December 31,
2009
   
December 31,
2008
 
Company A
    89 %     75 %     91 %     52 %
Company B
    8 %     6 %     9 %     8 %
Company C
    1 %     -       -       -  
Company D
    1 %     1 %     -       1 %
Company E
    1 %     -       -       -  
Company F
    -       7 %     -       1 %
Company G
    -       2 %     -       9 %

(b) Suppliers

The Company’s major suppliers for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 accounted for the following percentage of total purchases and accounts payable as follows:

   
Purchases
   
Accounts Payable
 
Major Suppliers
 
Year Ended
December 31,
2009
   
Year Ended
December 31,
2008
   
December 31,
2009
   
December 31,
2008
 
Company I
    75 %     79 %     39 %     9 %
Company J
    3 %     -       1 %     1 %
Company K
    1 %     -       -       -  
Company L
    2 %     1 %     1 %     3 %
Company M
    1 %     2 %     1 %     2 %
Company N
    1 %     2 %     1 %     4 %
Company O
    1 %     4 %     2 %     4 %
Company P
    -       4 %     -       4 %
Company Q
    1 %     1 %     -       3 %

 
F-19

 

KANDI TECHNOLOGIES, CORP.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2009 AND 2008

NOTE 9 – INCOME PER SHARE

Basic income (loss) per share is computed by dividing income available to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted income per share is computed similar to basic earnings per share except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if the stock options were exercised and if the additional common shares were dilutive. For the year ended December 31, 2009, Company’s net income is $939,252, and for this period, and the Company’s average stock price during this period was $1.92.  If all of the options were exercised, the number of shares of common stock outstanding would increase to 21,478,717. Also see Note 18.

NOTE 10 - INVENTORIES

Inventories are summarized as follows:

   
December 31, 2009
   
December 31, 2008
 
Raw material
  $ 956,378