10-K 1 d10k.htm FORM 10-K Form 10-K
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K

ANNUAL REPORT

PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

(Mark One)

 

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011

or

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from             to             

Commission file number 001-32352

 

 

NEWS CORPORATION

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

 

Delaware   26-0075658

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

  (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

1211 Avenue of the Americas, New York, New York   10036
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (212) 852-7000

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class

 

Name of Each Exchange On Which Registered

Class A Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share

  The NASDAQ Global Select Market

Class B Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share

  The NASDAQ Global Select Market

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

(Title of class)

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by a check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer  x             Accelerated filer  ¨            Non-accelerated filer  ¨            Smaller reporting company  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934).    Yes  ¨    No  x

As of December 23, 2010, which was the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, the aggregate market value of News Corporation’s Class A Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, held by non-affiliates was approximately $26,864,060,746, based upon the closing price of $14.82 per share as quoted on the NASDAQ Stock Market on that date, and the aggregate market value of News Corporation’s Class B Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, held by non-affiliates was approximately $7,937,232,452, based upon the closing price of $16.50 per share as quoted on the NASDAQ Stock Market on that date.

As of August 5, 2011, 1,828,371,543 shares of Class A Common Stock and 798,520,953 shares of Class B Common Stock were outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Certain information required for Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K is incorporated by reference to the News Corporation definitive Proxy Statement for its 2011 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which shall be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Regulation 14A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, within 120 days of News Corporation’s fiscal year end.


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

          Page  

PART I

     

Item 1.

  

Business

     1   

Item 1A.

  

Risk Factors

     30   

Item 1B.

  

Unresolved Staff Comments

     34   

Item 2.

  

Properties

     34   

Item 3.

  

Legal Proceedings

     36   

Item 4.

  

(Removed and Reserved)

     40   

PART II

     

Item 5.

  

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

     41   

Item 6.

  

Selected Financial Data

     42   

Item 7.

  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     44   

Item 7A.

  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     76   

Item 8.

  

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

     78   

Item 9.

  

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

     160   

Item 9A.

  

Controls and Procedures

     160   

Item 9B.

  

Other Information

     160   

PART III

     

Item 10.

  

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

     161   

Item 11.

  

Executive Compensation

     161   

Item 12.

  

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholders Matters

     162   

Item 13.

  

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

     162   

Item 14.

  

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

     163   

PART IV

     

Item 15.

  

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

     163   
  

Signatures

     164   


Table of Contents

PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

Background

News Corporation, a Delaware corporation, is a diversified global media company with operations in the following six industry segments: (i) Cable Network Programming; (ii) Filmed Entertainment; (iii) Television; (iv) Direct Broadcast Satellite Television; (v) Publishing; and (vi) Other. The activities of News Corporation are conducted principally in the United States, the United Kingdom, Continental Europe, Australia, Asia and Latin America. For financial information regarding News Corporation’s segments and operations in geographic areas, see “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.” Unless otherwise indicated, references in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 (the “Annual Report”) to “we,” “us,” “our,” “News Corporation” or the “Company” means News Corporation and its subsidiaries.

In February 2009, the Company, two newly incorporated subsidiaries of funds advised by Permira Advisers LLP (the “Permira Newcos”) and the Company’s then majority-owned, publicly-held subsidiary, NDS Group plc (“NDS”), completed a transaction pursuant to which all issued and outstanding NDS Series A ordinary shares, including those represented by American Depositary Shares traded on The NASDAQ Stock Market, were acquired for per share consideration of $63 in cash. As part of the transaction, approximately 67% of the NDS Series B ordinary shares held by the Company were exchanged for $63 per share in a mix of approximately $1.5 billion in cash and a $242 million vendor note. Immediately prior to the consummation of the transaction, the Company owned approximately 72% of NDS through its ownership of all of the outstanding NDS Series B ordinary shares. As a result of the transaction, NDS ceased to be a public company and the Permira Newcos and the Company now own approximately 51% and 49% of NDS, respectively. In March 2011, the Company received $316 million from NDS in full payment of the $242 million vendor note and $74 million in accrued interest.

In July 2011, the Company announced that it would close its publication, News of the World, after allegations of phone hacking and payments to police. As a result of these allegations, the Company is subject to several ongoing investigations by U.K. and U.S. regulators and governmental authorities, including investigations into whether similar conduct may have occurred at the Company’s subsidiaries outside of the U.K. The Company is fully cooperating with these investigations. In addition, the Company has admitted liability in a number of civil cases related to the phone hacking allegations and has settled a number of cases. The Company has taken steps to solve the problems relating to News of the World including the creation and establishment of an independent Management & Standards Committee (the “MSC”), which will have oversight of, and take responsibility for, all matters in relation to the News of the World phone hacking case, police payments and all other connected issues at News International Group Limited (“News International”), including as they may relate to other News International publications. The MSC appointed an independent Chairman, Lord Grabiner QC, and will report directly to Joel Klein, Executive Vice President and a director of the Company, who in turn will report to Viet Dinh, an independent director and Chairman of the Company’s Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. Both directors will update the Company’s Board of Directors. The MSC will ensure full cooperation with all relevant investigations and inquiries into News of the World matters and all other related issues across News International and will conduct its own internal investigations where appropriate. The MSC will also be responsible for reviewing existing compliance systems and for proposing and overseeing the implementation of new compliance, ethics and governance procedures at News International. The Company has engaged outside counsel to assist it in responding to U.K. and U.S. governmental inquiries.

In June 2010, the Company announced that it had proposed to the board of directors of British Sky Broadcasting Group plc (“BSkyB”), in which the Company currently has an approximate 39% interest, to make a cash offer of 700 pence per share for the BSkyB shares that the Company does not already own. Following the allegations regarding News of the World, on July 13, 2011, the Company announced that it no longer intended to make an offer for the BSkyB shares that the Company does not already own. As a result of the July 2011 announcement, the Company paid BSkyB a breakup fee of approximately $63 million in accordance with a cooperation agreement between the parties.

 

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The Company maintains a 52-53 week fiscal year ending on the Sunday nearest to June 30 in each year. Through its predecessor, the Company was incorporated in 1979 under the Company Act 1961 of South Australia, Australia. At June 30, 2011, the Company had approximately 51,000 full-time employees. The Company’s principal executive offices are located at 1211 Avenue of the Americas, New York, New York 10036 and its telephone number is (212) 852-7000. The Company’s website is www.newscorp.com. The Company’s Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), are available, free of charge, through the Company’s website as soon as reasonably practicable after the material is electronically filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Such reports may also be obtained without charge from the Company, and paper copies of any exhibits to such reports are also available for a reasonable fee per page charge to the requesting stockholder. Any materials that the Company filed with the SEC also may be read and copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. The public may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC (http://www.sec.gov).

Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This document and the documents incorporated by reference into this Annual Report, including “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” contain statements that constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 21E of the Exchange Act and Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The words “expect,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “predict,” “believe” and similar expressions and variations thereof are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements appear in a number of places and include statements regarding the intent, belief or current expectations of the Company, its directors or its officers with respect to, among other things, trends affecting the Company’s financial condition or results of operations and the outcome of contingencies such as litigation and investigations. Readers are cautioned that any forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks and uncertainties. More information regarding these risks, uncertainties and other factors is set forth under the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in this Annual Report. The Company does not ordinarily make projections of its future operating results and undertakes no obligation (and expressly disclaims any obligation) to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. Readers should carefully review this document and the other documents filed by the Company with the SEC. This section should be read together with the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation and related notes set forth elsewhere in this Annual Report.

BUSINESS OVERVIEW

The Company is a diversified global media company, which manages and reports its businesses in the six segments described below.

Cable Network Programming

The Company produces and licenses news, business news, sports, general entertainment and movie programming for distribution through cable television systems and direct broadcast satellite operators in the United States and internationally.

FOX News. FOX News owns and operates the FOX News Channel, a 24-hour all news national cable channel currently available to over 99 million U.S. households according to Nielsen Media Research, as well as the FOX Business Network which is currently available to over 58 million U.S. households.

 

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FOX News also produces a weekend political commentary show, FOX News Sunday, for broadcast on local FOX television stations throughout the United States. FOX News, through its FOX News Edge service, licenses news feeds to FOX Affiliates and other subscribers to use as part of local news broadcasts throughout the United States and abroad. FOX News also produces and runs the websites, FOXNews.com and FOXBusiness.com, and owns and produces the national FOX News Radio Network, which licenses news updates, long form programs and the FOX News Talk Channel to local radio stations and to satellite radio providers.

FSN. Fox Sports Net, Inc. (“FSN, Inc.”) is the largest regional sports network (“RSN”) programmer in the United States, focusing on live professional and major collegiate home team sports events. FSN, Inc.’s sports programming business currently consists primarily of ownership interests in 12 RSNs, including numerous sub-regional feeds (the “FSN RSNs”) and National Sports Programming, which operates FSN (“FSN”), a national sports programming service. FSN, Inc. also is affiliated with, through FSN, an additional nine RSNs that are not owned by FSN, Inc. (the “FSN Affiliated RSNs”). FSN provides the FSN RSNs and the FSN Affiliated RSNs with national sports programming, featuring original and licensed sports-related programming, as well as live and replay sporting events. The FSN RSNs and the FSN Affiliated RSNs currently have approximately 83 million subscribers and have rights to telecast live games of 66 of 81 U.S. professional sports teams in Major League Baseball (“MLB”), the National Basketball Association and the National Hockey League; collegiate conferences; and numerous college and high school sports teams.

FX. Currently reaching close to 100 million U.S. households according to Nielsen Media Research, FX is a general entertainment network that telecasts a growing roster of original series, as well as acquired television series and motion pictures. FX’s lineup for the 2011-2012 season includes the critically acclaimed Sons of Anarchy, Justified and the final season of Rescue Me. Also included in the 2011-2012 season line-up is the seventh season of the comedy series It’s Always Sunny in Philadelphia, the third seasons of Archer and The League and the second season of Louie. Current syndicated series include That ‘70s Show, Spin City, Malcolm in the Middle, The Bernie Mac Show and Two and a Half Men, which will be joined by How I Met Your Mother in September 2012. During the 2011-2012 season, FX will also showcase the television premieres of theatrical motion pictures, including Twilight, Transformers 2, The Proposal, Wolverine, Night At The Museum 2, Star Trek, Karate Kid, Grown Ups, How To Train Your Dragon, Ice Age 3 and, the number one movie of all time, Avatar. FX also recently acquired the telecast premiere rights to The Hangover 2, X-Men: First Class, Rise of the Planet of the Apes, Thor, Captain America, Rio, Kung Fu Panda 2, Transformers 3 and Green Lantern, all premiering in 2013. The Company also produces and distributes FX HD, a 24-hour national programming service produced and distributed in high definition.

SPEED. Currently reaching more than 78 million households in the United States according to Nielsen Media Research, SPEED brings viewers season-long coverage of the National Association of Stock Car Auto Racing (“NASCAR”) races, events and original programming (including exclusive coverage of the annual NASCAR Sprint All-Star Race and NASCAR Hall of Fame ceremonies). In addition, SPEED delivers programming from other top racing series, such as Formula One, Grand American Road Racing, the 24 Hours of Le Mans, World of Outlaws, AMA Pro Racing, AMA Supercross, AMA Motocross, Monster Jam, World Superbike and MotoGP. In the spring of 2011, SPEED premiered three new enthusiast series, Car Warriors, Car Science and American Trucker. SPEED also is distributed by Fox Latin America Channels to subscribers in Mexico, Canada and Latin America and by Premier Media Group in Australia. The Company also produces and distributes SPEED HD, a 24-hour national programming service produced and distributed in high definition. SPEED’s new broadband network, SPEED2, launched in fiscal 2010. SPEED2, which features live and on-demand streaming of over 200 hours of motorsports events and enthusiast programming online, is expected to reach more than 30 million households in 2011.

FUEL TV. FUEL TV is the only domestic 24-hour programming service dedicated to action sports and the lifestyle surrounding it. FUEL TV covers both competitive and performance action in the arenas of skateboarding, surfing, BMX, freestyle motocross, snowboarding and wakeboarding. Programming includes U.S. and international action sports events and competitions, as well as original series and specials about top action sports athletes and their music, art and culture from a global perspective.

 

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Fox College Sports. Fox College Sports consists of three regionally-aligned networks, FCS Pacific, FCS Central and FCS Atlantic. Fox College Sports provides live and delayed collegiate events from the nation’s top collegiate conferences, coaches’ shows and collegiate highlight and magazine-format programming from the FSN RSNs and certain of the FSN Affiliated RSNs across the country.

Fox Movie Channel. Fox Movie Channel (“FMC”) was Hollywood’s first studio-based movie network. FMC airs Twentieth Century Fox films, as well as documentaries and original series that explore the moviemaking process from script to screen.

Fox Soccer Channel. Fox Soccer Channel is an English-language programming service offering comprehensive coverage of world-class soccer. Top properties include the UEFA Champions League, England’s Barclays Premier League, Italian Serie A, FA Cup and 2011 Major League Soccer, along with daily soccer news programs, magazine shows and in depth coverage on the world’s most popular sport. The Company also produces and distributes Fox Soccer Channel HD, a 24-hour national programming service produced and distributed in high definition.

Fox Soccer Plus. Launched in fiscal 2010, Fox Soccer Plus is a premium cable network showcasing nearly 700 exclusive live soccer and rugby competitions. Soccer events include matches from the UEFA Champions League, England’s Barclays Premier League, Italian Serie A, FA Cup, Npower Championship and Carling Cup. Rugby coverage includes matches from the Heineken Cup, Aviva Premiership and RaboDirect Pro 12.

Fox Pan American Sports and Fox Deportes. The Company has an approximate 33% equity interest in Fox Pan American Sports LLC (“FPAS”), with HM Capital Partners, LLC owning the remainder. FPAS owns and operates Spanish-language sports businesses, including the Fox Sports Latin America network (a Spanish-language sports network distributed to subscribers in certain Caribbean and Central and South American nations outside of Brazil). Through the Company’s interest in FPAS and an additional direct ownership interest, the Company has a 53% interest in Fox Deportes (the first Spanish-language sports programming service to be distributed in the United States). Fox Deportes (formerly known as Fox Sports en Español), has more than 2,100 hours of live and exclusive programming and reaches more than 20 million cable and satellite households in the United States, of which almost 6 million are U.S. Latino.

Big Ten Network. The Company owns an approximate 51% interest in the Big Ten Network, a 24-hour national programming service dedicated to the Big Ten Conference and Big Ten athletics, academics and related programming, and Big Ten Network HD, a 24-hour national programming service produced and distributed in HD.

National Geographic U.S. The Company holds an approximate 70% interest in NGC Network US LLC (“NGC Network”), which produces and distributes the National Geographic Channel and National Geographic Channel HD, Nat Geo Wild and Nat Geo Wild HD in the United States, with NGHT, LLC, a subsidiary of the National Geographic Society (“NGHT”), holding the remaining interest. National Geographic Channel and National Geographic Channel HD currently reach approximately 71 million households in the United States and Nat Geo Wild and Nat Geo Wild HD reach approximately 54 million subscribers in the United States according to Nielsen Media Research.

The National Geographic Channels air documentary programming on such topics as natural history, adventure, science, exploration and culture. The Nat Geo Wild channels air documentary programming featuring natural history. In July 2011, NGC Network launched Nat Geo Mundo, a Spanish-language national programming service airing documentary programming on topics similar to those featured on the National Geographic Channels.

 

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Fox International Channels (“FIC”). FIC operates, develops and distributes primarily factual and general entertainment channels in various countries in Europe, Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa and Asia, including the Fox Channel, Fox Life, FX, SPEED, Utilisima (which is also distributed in the United States), Fox Crime, NEXT, FOX History & Entertainment, the Voyage Channel, FOX Sports, STAR World and STAR Movies. These channels are distributed either in HD or in standard definition (“SD”) or in certain cases, in both HD and SD.

FIC also owns a 52.2% interest in NGC Network International LLC and NGC Network Latin America LLC (collectively “NGC International”), with NGHT holding a 26.8% interest and a subsidiary of BSkyB holding a 21% interest. NGC International produces and distributes the National Geographic Channel in various international markets. NGC International also produces and distributes the National Geographic Channel HD, the Nat Geo Adventure channel (in both HD and SD), the Nat Geo Wild channel (in both HD and SD) and the Nat Geo Music channel in international markets. The National Geographic Channel is currently shown in 35 languages and in approximately 166 countries internationally, including the United States.

FIC owns a 55% equity interest in LAPTV, a partnership that distributes six premium pay television channels (Movie City, Movie City HD, City Mix, City Family, City Stars and City Vibe and their multiplexes) and two basic television channels (The Film Zone East and West and Cinecanal) in Latin America (excluding Brazil). Such channels primarily feature theatrical motion pictures of Twentieth Century Fox and three other studio partners in the English language with Spanish subtitles. FIC has voting control over an additional 22.5% interest in LAPTV.

FIC also owns a majority equity interest in Elite Sports Limited, a company that owns and distributes BabyTV, a 24-hour channel dedicated to infants and toddlers under three years old to over 100 countries, including the United States.

FIC also manages Channel [V] Thailand in which the Company owns a 49% interest. Channel [V] Thailand owns a Thai language music channel. FIC licenses its Channel [V] brand to a third party in Australia to operate a music channel.

In addition, FIC has a joint venture with CJ Media, a Korean media conglomerate for the distribution of the tvN channel, a 24-hour general entertainment channel featuring Korean content, such as original dramas, variety shows, reality and lifestyle programs.

STAR India. STAR India develops, produces and broadcasts 28 channels in eight languages, which are distributed primarily via satellite to local cable, internet protocol television (“IPTV”) and direct-to-home (“DTH”) operators for distribution throughout Asia, the United Kingdom, Continental Europe and North America to their subscribers. STAR India’s primary sources of programming for its channels include original programming produced, commissioned or acquired by STAR India. STAR India also owns a Hindi film library comprised of approximately 799 titles, a South Indian languages film library comprised of approximately 2,553 titles, a Hindi television program library comprised of approximately 620 titles and a South Indian languages program library comprised of approximately 3,875 titles. STAR India’s channels include the flagship Hindi general entertainment channel STAR Plus, the Bengali general entertainment channel STAR Jalsha and the Marathi general entertainment channel STAR Pravah.

In addition, the Company owns an approximate 26% interest in Media Content & Communications Services (India) Private Limited, which owns and operates three “STAR”-branded Indian language 24-hour news and current affairs channels.

In January 2009, the Company expanded into South India regional programming by forming Asianet Communications Limited, a joint venture with Asianet TV Holdings Private Limited to provide television services for South Indian audiences. The joint venture consists of the Company’s approximate 81% interest in the Tamil language channel Vijay and the Company’s approximate 75% interest in the Malayalam language channels Asianet and Asianet Plus, the Kannada language channel Suvarna and the Telugu language channel Sitara.

 

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The Company also owns an approximate 26% stake in Balaji Telefilms Limited (“Balaji”), which is one of the largest television content production companies in India, the shares of which are listed on The Stock Exchange, Mumbai and the National Stock Exchange of India. Balaji currently produces serials broadcast on general entertainment channels in India.

The Company also holds an approximate 30% interest in Tata Sky Limited which owns and operates a DTH platform in India. The Company has a 50/50 joint venture with Den Networks Limited (“Star Den”) to operate a television channel distribution business in India, Nepal and Bhutan that exclusively distributes STAR India’s owned and affiliated channels in these territories. In May 2011, the Company and Star Den entered into a 50/50 joint venture with Zee Turner Limited and Zee Entertainment Enterprises Limited (“ZEEL”) to distribute and market all channels owned by the Company and ZEEL, their respective affiliated channels and other third party channels in India, Nepal and Bhutan.

The Company has expanded into television home shopping in India through a 50/50 joint venture with CJ O Shopping Co. Ltd., a leading home shopping company in South Korea and China.

STAR Taiwan. STAR Taiwan develops and broadcasts Chinese language television programming targeted at Chinese-speaking audiences in Taiwan and the rest of Asia on a pay television basis. STAR Taiwan’s television services are distributed primarily via satellite to local cable, IPTV and DTH operators in Asia and North America. STAR Taiwan’s channels include STAR Chinese Channel, STAR Chinese Movies, STAR Chinese Movies 2, STAR Chinese Movies HD and Channel [V] Taiwan. The primary sources of programming for STAR Taiwan’s channels include programming acquired from third party sources and original programming commissioned by STAR Taiwan.

Middle East. The Company has an approximate 15% interest in Rotana Holding FZ-LLC (“Rotana”), which operates a diversified film, television, audio, advertising and entertainment business across the Middle East and North Africa. The Company also has a 50% interest in Broadcast Middle East FZ-LLC (“BME”), with the other 50% interest held by Moby Media Holdings FZ-LLC. BME broadcasts Farsi language general entertainment programming across the Middle East under the “Farsi1” and, beginning July 2011, the “Zemzemeh” brands.

ESPN STAR Sports. The Company owns a 50% interest in ESPN STAR Sports, with ESPN, Inc. owning the remainder. ESPN STAR Sports is the leading sports broadcaster in Asia and operates 22 channels in different languages.

Phoenix. The Company owns an approximate 18% interest in Phoenix, a company listed on the Main Board of The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited. Phoenix owns and operates Chinese language general entertainment, movie and current affairs channels, all of which are targeted at Chinese audiences around the world and are primarily distributed on a free or an encrypted basis via pay television platforms in Asia and Europe and in the United States. Phoenix also operates outdoor advertising and new media businesses. Phoenix’s new media business, Phoenix New Media Limited, was spun off and listed on the New York Stock Exchange in May 2011.

Competition

General. Cable network programming is a highly competitive business. Cable networks compete for distribution and, when distribution is obtained, for viewers and advertisers with free-to-air broadcast television, radio, print media, motion picture theaters, DVDs, Blu-ray high definition format discs (“Blu-rays”), Internet, wireless and portable viewing devices and other sources of information and entertainment. Important competitive factors include the prices charged for programming, the quantity, quality and variety of programming offered and the effectiveness of marketing efforts.

 

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FOX News. FOX News Channel’s primary competition comes from the cable networks CNN, MSNBC and CNN Headline News. Fox Business Network’s primary competition comes from the cable networks CNBC and Bloomberg Television. FOX News Channel and FOX Business Network also compete for viewers and advertisers within a broad spectrum of television networks, including other non-news cable networks and free-to-air broadcast television networks.

Sports programming operations. A number of basic and pay television programming services, such as ESPN and Versus, as well as free-to-air stations and broadcast networks, provide programming that also targets the FSN RSNs’ audience. FSN is the leading programming service distributing a full range of sports programming on both a national and regional level. On a national level, FSN’s primary competitor is ESPN and, to a lesser extent, ESPN2 and Versus. In regional markets, the FSN RSNs compete with other regional sports networks, including those operated by team owners, cable television systems, local broadcast television stations and other sports programming providers and distributors.

In addition, the FSN RSNs and FSN compete, to varying degrees, for sports programming rights. The FSN RSNs compete for local and regional rights with local broadcast television stations, other local and regional sports networks, including sports networks launched by team owners, and distribution outlets, such as cable television systems. FSN competes for national rights principally with a number of national cable services that specialize in or carry sports programming, including sports networks launched by the leagues and conferences, and television “superstations” that distribute sports. Independent syndicators also compete by acquiring and reselling such rights nationally, regionally and locally. Distribution outlets, such as cable television systems, sometimes contract directly with the sports teams in their service area for the right to distribute a number of those teams’ games on their systems. In certain markets, the owners of distribution outlets, such as cable television systems, also own one or more of the professional teams in the region, increasing their ability to launch competing networks and also limiting the professional sports rights available for acquisition by FSN RSNs.

FX. FX faces competition from a number of basic cable and pay television programming services, such as USA, TNT, Spike TV, Home Box Office, Inc. (“HBO”) and Showtime Networks Inc. (“Showtime”), as well as free-to-air broadcast networks that provide programming that targets the same viewing audience as FX. FX also faces competition from these programming services in the acquisition of distribution rights to movie and series programming.

National Geographic U.S. National Geographic Channel and Nat Geo Wild face competition for viewers and advertising from a number of basic cable and broadcast television channels, such as Discovery Channel, History Channel, Animal Planet, Travel Channel, Science Channel, History International, Military Channel, Biography and Tru TV, as well as free-to-air broadcast networks and sports, news and general entertainment networks which have acquired or produced competing programming.

International. Internationally, the Company’s cable businesses compete with various local and foreign television services providers and distribution networks for audiences, content acquisition and distribution platforms.

STAR India. In India, the pay television broadcasting industry has several participants, and STAR India’s entertainment channels compete with both pay and free-to-air channels since they are delivered by common cable. STAR India also competes in India to acquire film and programming rights.

Filmed Entertainment

The Company engages in the production and acquisition of live-action and animated motion pictures for distribution and licensing in all formats in all entertainment media worldwide, and the production and licensing of television programming worldwide.

 

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Feature Film Production and Distribution

One of the world’s largest producers and distributors of motion pictures, Fox Filmed Entertainment (“FFE”) produces, acquires and distributes motion pictures throughout the world under a variety of arrangements. During fiscal 2011, FFE placed 24 motion pictures in general release in the United States. The motion pictures of FFE are produced and/or distributed by the following units of FFE: Twentieth Century Fox and Fox 2000, which produce and acquire motion pictures for mainstream audiences; Fox Searchlight Pictures, which produces and acquires specialized motion pictures; and Twentieth Century Fox Animation, which produces feature length animated motion pictures. In addition, Fox International Productions, Inc. co-produces, co-finances and acquires local-language motion pictures for distribution outside the United States. The motion pictures produced and/or distributed by FFE in the United States and international territories in fiscal 2011 included The Chronicles of Narnia: The Voyage of the Dawn Treader, Rio, X-Men: First Class, Black Swan, 127 Hours and Tree of Life. FFE has already released or currently plans to release approximately 25 motion pictures in the United States in fiscal 2012, including Rise of the Planet of the Apes, Alvin and the Chipmunks: Chipwrecked!, We Bought a Zoo, Prometheus, Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter, Another Earth, Martha Marcy May Marlene, The Descendants and The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel.

Pursuant to an agreement with Monarchy Enterprises Holdings B.V. (“MEH”), the parent company of New Regency in which the Company has a 20% interest, and certain of MEH’s subsidiaries, FFE distributes certain New Regency films and all films co-financed by FFE and New Regency in all media worldwide, excluding a number of international territories with respect to television rights. Among its fiscal 2012 releases, FFE currently expects to distribute four films either fully financed by New Regency or co-financed by FFE and New Regency.

Motion picture companies, such as FFE, typically seek to generate revenues from various distribution channels. FFE derives its worldwide motion picture revenues primarily from four basic sources (set forth in general chronology of exploitation): (i) distribution of motion pictures for theatrical exhibition in the United States and Canada and markets outside of the United States and Canada (“international” markets); (ii) distribution of motion pictures in various home media formats; (iii) distribution of motion pictures for exhibition on pay-per-view, video-on-demand and premium pay television programming services; and (iv) distribution of motion pictures for exhibition on free television networks, other broadcast program services, independent television stations and basic cable programming services, including certain services which are affiliates of the Company. The Company does not always have rights in all media of exhibition to all motion pictures that it releases, and does not necessarily distribute a given motion picture in all of the foregoing media in all markets.

The Company believes that the pre-release marketing of a feature film is an integral part of its motion picture distribution strategy and generally begins marketing efforts three to six months in advance of a film’s release date in any given territory. The Company markets and distributes its films worldwide principally through its own distribution and marketing companies.

Through Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment LCC, the Company distributes motion pictures and other programming produced by units of FFE, its affiliates and other producers in the United States, Canada and international markets in all home media formats, including the sale and rental of DVDs and Blu-rays. In fiscal 2011, the domestic home entertainment division released or re-released approximately 1,177 produced and acquired titles, including 25 new FFE film releases, approximately 819 catalog titles and approximately 333 television and non-theatrical titles. In international markets, the Company distributed, produced and acquired titles both directly and through foreign distribution channels, with approximately 904 releases in fiscal 2011, including approximately 28 new FFE film releases, approximately 663 catalog titles and approximately 213 television and non-theatrical releases. In fiscal 2011, the Company continued its worldwide home video distribution arrangement with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (“MGM”), releasing approximately 959 MGM home entertainment theatrical, catalog and television programs domestically and 662 internationally. The Company also continued its domestic home video distribution arrangement with Lions Gate, releasing approximately 1,582 Lions Gate home entertainment theatrical, catalog and television programs. During fiscal 2011, the domestic

 

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home entertainment division released 274 Blu-ray titles, including 25 new FFE film releases, 210 catalog titles and 39 television and non-theatrical releases. In international markets, the Company released 198 Blu-ray titles, including 21 new FFE film releases and 177 catalog titles. The Company also distributed 136 Blu-ray titles from MGM domestically and 65 titles internationally, and 205 Blu-ray titles from Lions Gate domestically.

Units of FFE license motion pictures and other programs in the United States, Canada and international markets to various third party and certain affiliated subscription pay television, subscription video-on-demand, pay-per-view, video-on-demand and electronic sell-through services. The license agreements reflecting the subscription pay television arrangements generally provide for a specified number of exhibitions of the program during a fixed term in exchange for a license fee that is based on a variety of factors, including the box office performance of each program and the number of subscribers to the service or system. Among third party license agreements that units of FFE have in place in the United States for television exhibition of their motion pictures are exclusive subscription pay television license agreements with HBO, providing for the licensing of films initially released for theatrical exhibition through 2015, as well as arrangements with Starz Encore Group. The license agreements reflecting the pay-per-view and video-on-demand services arrangements generally provide for a license fee based on a percentage of the licensee’s gross receipts from the exhibition of the program, and in some cases, a guaranteed minimum fee. In addition, these agreements generally provide for a minimum number of scheduled pay-per-view exhibitions and a minimum video-on-demand exhibition period during a fixed term. Units of FFE also license motion pictures in the United States to direct broadcast satellite (“DBS”) pay-per-view services operated by EchoStar Communications Corporation, as well as to pay-per-view and video-on-demand services operated by The DIRECTV Group, Inc. and iN Demand L.L.C. In addition, units of FFE license motion pictures and other programs to third parties, including Apple Inc. (“Apple”) and Amazon.com Inc. (“Amazon”), for electronic sell-through over the Internet, enabling consumers in the United States to acquire the right to retain permanently such programs. In international markets, units of FFE license motion pictures and other programming to leading third party pay television, pay-per-view, video-on-demand and electronic sell-through services, as well as to pay television and video-on-demand services operated by various affiliated entities.

Competition. Motion picture production and distribution are highly competitive businesses. The Company competes with other film studios, independent production companies and others for the acquisition of artistic properties, the services of creative and technical personnel, exhibition outlets and the public’s interest in its products. The number of motion pictures released by the Company’s competitors, particularly the other major film studios, in any given period may create an oversupply of product in the market, which may reduce the Company’s shares of gross box office admissions and may make it more difficult for the Company’s motion pictures to succeed. The commercial success of the motion pictures produced and/or distributed by the Company is affected substantially by the public’s unpredictable response to them. The competitive risks affecting the Company’s home entertainment business include the number of home entertainment titles released by the Company’s competitors that may create an oversupply of product in the market, competition among home media formats, such as DVDs and Blu-rays, and other methods of distribution, such as video-on-demand services.

The Company faces ongoing risks associated with controlling unauthorized copying and distribution of the Company’s programs. For a further discussion of issues relating to unauthorized copying and distribution of the Company’s programs, see “— Intellectual Property.”

Television Programming, Production and Distribution

Twentieth Century Fox Television (“TCFTV”). During fiscal 2011, TCFTV produced television programs for the FOX Broadcasting Company (“FOX”), FX Networks, LLC (“FX”), ABC Television Network (“ABC”), CBS Broadcasting, Inc. (“CBS”), NBC Television Network (“NBC”), Comedy Partners (“Comedy Central”), Showtime and Arts & Entertainment Network (“A&E”). TCFTV currently produces, or has orders to produce, episodes of the following television series: Allen Gregory, American Dad, Bob’s Burgers, Bones, The Cleveland Show, Family Guy, The Finder, Glee, Napoleon Dynamite, New Girl, Raising Hope, The Simpsons and Terra Nova for FOX; Sons of Anarchy and American Horror Story for FX; Apartment 23, Last Man Standing and

 

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Modern Family for ABC; Awake and The Playboy Club for NBC; How I Met Your Mother for CBS; Futurama for Comedy Central; Homeland for Showtime and Breakout Kings for A&E. Generally, a network will license a specified number of episodes for exhibition on the network during the license period. All other distribution rights, including international and off-network syndication rights, are typically retained by TCFTV, utilized by other units of the Company or sold to third parties.

Television programs generally are produced under contracts that provide for license fees that may cover only a portion of the anticipated production costs. As these costs have increased in recent years, the resulting deficit between production costs and license fees for domestic first-run programming also has increased. Therefore, additional licensing is often critical to the financial success of a series. Successful U.S. network television series are, for example, (i) licensed for first-run exhibition in Canadian and international markets, (ii) released in DVD and Blu-ray box sets, (iii) licensed for off-network exhibition in the United States (including in syndication and to cable programmers), (iv) licensed for further television exhibition in international markets and (v) made available for electronic sell-through and streaming, including individual episodes and full series. Typically, a series must be broadcast for at least three to four television seasons for there to be a sufficient number of episodes to offer the series in syndication or to cable and DBS programmers in the United States. The decision of a television network to continue a series through an entire television season or to renew a series for another television season depends largely on the series’ audience ratings.

Twentieth Television. Twentieth Television licenses both television programming and feature films for domestic syndication to television stations and basic cable services in the United States. Twentieth Television distributes a program portfolio that includes the Company’s library of television and film assets, and first-run programming produced by its production companies for sales to local stations, including stations owned and operated by the Company, as well as to basic cable networks. First-run programs distributed by Twentieth Television include: the game shows Are You Smarter Than A 5th Grader? and Don’t Forget the Lyrics!; and the court shows Divorce Court and Judge Alex.

Twentieth Television derives revenue from off-network, theatrical and first-run program sales in the form of cash license fees paid by both broadcast and cable licensees, and from the sales of national advertising units retained by Twentieth Television in its programs. Twentieth Television licenses such shows as Modern Family, Glee, How I Met Your Mother, It’s Always Sunny in Philadelphia, My Name Is Earl, Family Guy, American Dad, M*A*S*H, Bones, and The Simpsons to cable and broadcast networks. Twentieth Television also manages and distributes the long running series, COPS and America’s Most Wanted, and sells national advertising on behalf of other third party syndicators.

Fox Television Studios (“FtvS”). FtvS is a program supplier to the major U.S. and international broadcast and cable networks. FtvS is currently producing the series Burn Notice and White Collar for USA Network, The Glades for A&E, The Killing for AMC, Kendra and Holly’s World for E! and In the Flow with Affion Crockett for FOX.

Shine Limited (“Shine”). Shine is an international television production and distribution group with 26 production companies across 12 countries creating and exploiting scripted and non-scripted content in the global marketplace. Shine companies include award-winning genre specialists such as UK-based Kudos (drama), Dragonfly (factual), Princess Productions (entertainment) and multi-genre producer Shine TV; independent U.S. producer Reveille; and Metronome Film & Television, the Nordic region’s largest production group. Shine International, the international distribution arm, was responsible for distributing a catalogue of more than 3,000 hours of broadcast content in fiscal 2011. Shine has also established businesses in Germany, France, Australia, Spain and Portugal. Internationally renowned shows from the Shine group include MasterChef, The Biggest Loser, One Born Every Minute, Minute to Win It and fantasy drama Merlin.

Competition. Similar to motion picture production and distribution, production and distribution of television programming is extremely competitive. The Company competes with other film studios, independent production

 

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companies and others for the acquisition of artistic properties, the services of creative and technical personnel, exhibition outlets and the public’s interest in its products. In addition, television networks have affiliated production companies from which they are increasingly obtaining their programming, which has reduced the demand for programming from other non-affiliated parties.

Motion Picture and Television Library

The Company’s motion picture and television library (the “Fox Library”) consists of varying rights to several thousand previously released motion pictures and many well-known television programs. Motion pictures in the Fox Library include many successful and well-known titles, such as The Sound of Music, Mrs. Doubtfire, Dr. Dolittle, Home Alone, the Star Wars series, the X-Men series, Independence Day, The Day After Tomorrow, the Ice Age series, Sideways, Walk the Line, The Devil Wears Prada, Little Miss Sunshine, the Night at the Museum series, the Alvin and the Chipmunks series, Slumdog Millionaire and Taken, as well as five of the top 15 domestic box office grossing films of all time, which are Avatar, Titanic (together with Paramount Pictures Corporation), Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope, Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace and Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith.

The Fox Library contains varying rights to many television series and made-for-television motion pictures. The television programming in the Fox Library consists of such classic series as 24, King of the Hill, Prison Break, Boston Legal, My Name is Earl, The Mary Tyler Moore Show, M*A*S*H, Hill Street Blues, Doogie Howser, M.D., L.A. Law, The Wonder Years, The Practice, Ally McBeal, Angel, Dharma & Greg, In Living Color, The X-Files, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and NYPD Blue, as well as prior seasons of such current series as The Simpsons, Bones, Family Guy, The Cleveland Show, Glee, Modern Family, Futurama, How I Met Your Mother, Sons of Anarchy and American Dad.

Television

The Company is engaged in the operation of broadcast television stations and the broadcasting of network programming in the United States.

Fox Television Stations

Fox Television Stations, Inc. (“Fox Television Stations”) owns and operates 27 full power stations, including stations located in nine of the top ten largest designated market areas (“DMAs”). Fox Television Stations owns and operates two stations in nine DMAs, including New York, Los Angeles and Chicago, the first, second and third largest DMAs, respectively.

Of the 27 full power stations, 17 stations are affiliates of FOX (“FOX Affiliates”). For a description of the programming offered to FOX Affiliates, see “—FOX Broadcasting Company.” In addition, Fox Television Stations owns and operates 10 stations affiliated with Master Distribution Service, Inc. (“MyNetworkTV”).

 

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The following table lists certain information about each of the television stations owned and operated by Fox Television Stations. Unless otherwise noted, all stations are FOX Affiliates.

Fox Television Stations (1)

 

     DMA/Rank      Station     Digital
Channel
(former
analog
channel)  (2)
    Type      Percentage of U.S.
Television
Households
Reached (3)
 

New York, NY

     1         WNYW        44 (5     UHF         6.5
        WWOR (4)      38 (9     UHF      

Los Angeles, CA

     2         KTTV        11 (11     VHF         4.9
        KCOP (4)      13 (13     VHF      

Chicago, IL

     3         WFLD        31 (32     UHF         3.0
        WPWR (4)      51 (50     UHF      

Philadelphia, PA

     4         WTXF        42 (29     UHF         2.6

Dallas, TX

     5         KDFW        35 (4     UHF         2.2
        KDFI (4)      36 (27     UHF      

Boston, MA

     7         WFXT        31 (25     UHF         2.1

Atlanta, GA

     8         WAGA        27 (5     UHF         2.1

Washington, DC

     9         WTTG        36 (5     UHF         2.1
        WDCA (4)      35 (20     UHF      

Houston, TX

     10         KRIV        26 (26     UHF         1.9
        KTXH (4)      19 (20     UHF      

Detroit, MI

     11         WJBK        7 (2     VHF         1.6

Phoenix, AZ

     12         KSAZ        10 (10     VHF         1.6
        KUTP (4)      26 (45     UHF      

Tampa, FL

     14         WTVT        12 (13     VHF         1.5

Minneapolis, MN (5)

     15         KMSP        9 (9     VHF         1.5
        WFTC (4)      29 (29     UHF      

Orlando, FL

     19         WOFL        22 (35     UHF         1.3
        WRBW (4)      41 (65     UHF      

Baltimore, MD

     26         WUTB (4)      41 (24     UHF         1.0

Austin, TX

     44         KTBC        7 (7     VHF         0.6

Memphis, TN

     48         WHBQ        13 (13     VHF         0.6

Gainesville, FL

     160         WOGX        31 (51     UHF         0.1

TOTAL

               37.2

 

Source: Nielsen Media Research, January 2011

(1) 

The information presented in the table above reflects the 2009 conversion of Fox Television Stations to all-digital broadcasts. For more information on the transition to digital broadcast, see “Government Regulation—Television.”

(2) 

This column shows both the actual digital channel on which the Fox Television Stations broadcast, as well as the analog channel (now called the “virtual” channel) on which they broadcast in the past. Digital television receivers and set-top boxes will display the virtual channel (e.g., Channel 5 for WNYW) as the channel being received and the Fox Television Stations generally use the virtual channel for on-air branding.

(3) 

VHF television stations transmit on Channels 2 through 13 and UHF television stations on Channels 14 through 51. The Federal Communications Commission (the “FCC”) applies a discount (the “UHF Discount”) which attributes only 50% of the television households in a local television market to the audience reach of a UHF television station for purposes of calculating whether that station’s owner complies with the national station ownership cap imposed by FCC regulations and by statute; in making this calculation, only the station’s actual (digital) broadcast channel is considered. In addition, the coverage of

 

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two commonly owned stations in the same market is counted only once. The percentages listed are rounded and do not take into account the UHF Discount. For more information regarding the FCC’s national station ownership cap, see “Government Regulation—Television” in this Annual Report.

(4) 

MyNetworkTV affiliate.

(5) 

The Company also owns and operates full power station KFTC, Channel 26, Bemidji, MN as a satellite station of WFTC, Channel 29, Minneapolis, MN. Station KFTC is in addition to the 27 full power stations described in this section.

FOX Broadcasting Company (“FOX”)

FOX has 203 FOX Affiliates, including the 17 stations owned and operated by the Company, which reach approximately 99% of all U.S. television households. In general, each week FOX regularly delivers to its affiliates 15 hours of prime-time programming and 90 minutes of late-night programming on Saturday. FOX’s prime-time programming features such series as House, The Simpsons, Bones, Fringe and Glee; unscripted series such as American Idol and So You Think You Can Dance; and various specials. In addition, a significant component of FOX’s programming consists of sports programming, with FOX providing to its affiliates live coverage (including post-season) of the National Football Conference of the National Football League (the “NFL”) and MLB, as well as live coverage of the Sprint Cup Series of the NASCAR. FOX also airs a two-hour block of direct response programming on Saturday mornings provided by Worldlink Ventures (“Worldlink”), a media sales firm. FOX’s agreement with Worldlink extends through the 2012-2013 broadcast season.

FOX’s prime-time line-up is intended to appeal primarily to target audiences of 18 to 49-year old adults, the demographic group that advertisers seek to reach most often. During the 2010-2011 traditional September to May broadcast season, FOX ranked first in prime-time programming based on viewership of adults ages 18 to 49 (based on Live+7 ratings, FOX had a 3.5 rating and a 10 share, CBS had a 2.9 rating and an 8 share, ABC had a 2.5 rating and a 7 share and NBC had a 2.3 rating and a 7 share). The median age of the FOX viewer is 45 years, as compared to 49 years for NBC, 51 years for ABC and 55 years for CBS.

FOX obtains programming from major television studios and independent television production companies pursuant to license agreements. The terms of those agreements generally provide FOX with the right to broadcast a television series for a minimum of four seasons.

National sports programming, such as the NFL, MLB and NASCAR programming, is obtained under license agreements with professional sports leagues or organizations. FOX’s current licenses with the NFL, MLB and NASCAR extend until the 2013 NFL season, the 2013 MLB season and the 2014 NASCAR season. In addition, FOXSports.com provides a comprehensive mix of news, exclusive analysis, fantasy games and one of the Internet’s largest collections of online sports video. FOXSports.com on MSN had an average of 25 million unique users and 790 million page views in the United States during June 2011 according to comScore Media Metrix.

FOX provides programming to the FOX Affiliates in accordance with affiliation agreements of varying durations, which grant to each affiliate the right to broadcast network television programming on the affiliated station. Such agreements typically run three or more years and have staggered expiration dates. These affiliation agreements generally require FOX Affiliates to carry FOX programming in all time periods in which FOX programming is offered to those affiliates, subject to certain exceptions stated in the affiliation agreements.

MyNetworkTV

At the beginning of the 2009-2010 television season, MyNetworkTV transitioned to a new programming distribution service, Master Distribution Service, Inc., distributing two hours per night of original and off- network programming from Twentieth Television and other third party syndicators to its affiliates. As of June 30, 2011, MyNetworkTV had 181 affiliates, including 10 stations owned and operated by the Company, reaching approximately 97% of U.S. households.

 

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Competition. The network television broadcasting business is highly competitive. FOX and MyNetworkTV compete with other broadcast networks, such as ABC, NBC, CBS and The CW Television Network, independent television stations, cable and DBS program services, as well as other media, including DVDs, Blu-rays, digital video recorders (“DVR”), video games, print and the Internet for audiences, programming and, in the case of FOX, advertising revenues. In addition, FOX and MyNetworkTV compete with other broadcast networks and other programming distribution services to secure affiliations with independently owned television stations in markets across the United States. ABC, NBC and CBS each broadcasts a significantly greater number of hours of programming than FOX and, accordingly, may be able to designate or change time periods in which programming is to be broadcast with greater flexibility than FOX. In addition, future technological developments may affect competition within the television marketplace.

Each of the stations owned and operated by Fox Television Stations also competes for advertising revenues with other television stations and radio and cable systems in its respective market area and with other advertising media, such as newspapers, magazines, outdoor advertising, direct mail and Internet websites. All of the stations owned and operated by Fox Television Stations are located in highly competitive markets. Additional elements that are material to the competitive position of each of the television stations include management experience, authorized power and assigned frequency of that station. Competition for sales of broadcast advertising time is based primarily on the anticipated and actually delivered size and demographic characteristics of audiences as determined by various rating services, price, the time of day when the advertising is to be broadcast, competition from the other broadcast networks, cable television systems, DBS services and other media and general economic conditions. Competition for audiences is based primarily on the selection of programming, the acceptance of which is dependent on the reaction of the viewing public, which is often difficult to predict.

Direct Broadcast Satellite Television

The Company engages in the direct broadcast satellite business through its subsidiary, SKY Italia. The Company also owns significant equity interests in BSkyB and Sky Deutschland AG (“Sky Deutschland”), which are engaged in the DBS business (for a description of the businesses of these equity interests, please see discussion under heading “Equity Interests”).

SKY Italia

SKY Italia currently distributes more than 175 channels of basic, premium and pay-per-view programming services via satellite and broadband directly to subscribers in Italy. This programming includes exclusive rights to popular sporting events, newly-released movies and SKY Italia’s original programming, such as SKY TG 24, Italy’s first 24-hour news channel. As of June 30, 2011, SKY Italia had approximately 4.97 million subscribers.

Competition. The number of pay television subscribers with services in Italy, other than SKY Italia, is growing and is expected to continue to increase. SKY Italia’s competition includes companies that offer video, audio, interactive programming, telephony, data and other information and entertainment services, including broadband Internet providers, digital terrestrial transmission (“DTT”) services, wireless companies and companies that are developing new media technologies. Competition is encouraged through the regulatory environment that requires SKY Italia to wholesale its premium programming, to limit the length and exclusivity of certain of its premium programming contracts and to provide third parties with access to the SKY Italia platform. In addition, since 2003, SKY Italia had been prohibited from owning a DTT frequency or providing a pay television DTT offer under a commitment made to the European Commission (the “EC”) through December 31, 2011. In July 2010, the EC modified this restriction to allow SKY Italia to bid for one DTT frequency. However, if SKY Italia were to successfully bid for such a DTT frequency, the EC would limit SKY Italia’s use of such frequency to exclusively free-to-air channels for five years subsequent to its acquisition. For a further discussion of the government regulations to which SKY Italia is subject, see “Government Regulation—Cable Network Programming and Direct Broadcast Satellite Television.”

 

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Publishing

The Company is engaged in the publishing business, primarily through its subsidiaries News International, News Limited, Dow Jones, The New York Post, The Daily, Harper Collins Publishers and News America Marketing Group. The Company evaluates these businesses collectively as a result of evolving trends in the overall publishing industry including digital distribution.

News International

News International publishes The Times, The Sunday Times, The Sun and, until July 2011, News of the World in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Sales of these four newspapers account for approximately one-third of all national newspapers sold in the United Kingdom. Both The Times, a daily published Monday through Saturday, and The Sunday Times, are leading quality newspapers. The Sun, published each morning Monday through Saturday is a popular, mass market newspaper, as was News of the World, which until July 10, 2011 was published on Sunday. The average paid circulation for each of these four national newspapers for the six months ended June 30, 2011 was approximately: The Times—440,581; The Sunday Times—1,000,848; The Sun—2,806,746; and News of the World—2,667,428. News International is addressing new media challenges through the introduction of paywalls around its newspaper website and is focusing on innovative solution deals and payment by results advertising to boost advertising revenues.

On July 7, 2011, News International announced that July 10, 2011 would be the last issue of News of the World after allegations of phone hacking and inappropriate payments to police officers by employees or contractors at News of the World.

The printing of News International’s national newspapers (except Saturday and Sunday supplements) takes place principally in its printing facilities located in England, Scotland and Ireland.

News International also publishes The Times Literary Supplement, a weekly literary review.

News Limited

News Limited is the largest newspaper publisher in Australia by readership and circulation, owning approximately 146 daily, Sunday, weekly, bi-weekly and tri-weekly newspapers, of which three are free commuter titles and 102 are suburban publications (including 16 of which News Limited has a 50% interest). News Limited publishes the only nationally distributed general interest newspaper in Australia, the leading metropolitan newspapers in each of the major Australian cities of Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth, Hobart and Darwin and the leading suburban newspapers in the suburbs of Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Brisbane and Perth. News Limited’s daily and Sunday newspapers account for more than 69% of the total circulation of all daily and Sunday newspapers (excluding suburban and regional newspapers) published in Australia.

News Limited’s principal daily newspapers in Australia are: The Australian; The Daily Telegraph, published in Sydney; the Herald Sun, published in Melbourne; The Courier-Mail, published in Brisbane; The Advertiser, published in Adelaide; The Mercury, published in Hobart; and the Northern Territory News, published in Darwin. The Australian, which is Australia’s only general interest national daily newspaper, is printed in seven cities and distributed nationwide. News Limited’s other principal daily newspapers in Australia are mass circulation, regional newspapers with broad-based readerships and are published and distributed regionally. The average Monday to Friday paid circulation of each of these daily newspapers during fiscal 2011 was approximately as follows: The Australian—133,000; The Daily Telegraph—358,000; the Herald Sun—499,000; The Courier-Mail—205,000; The Advertiser—180,000; The Mercury—44,000; and the Northern Territory News—20,000. The average Saturday paid circulation of each of these daily newspapers during fiscal 2011 was approximately as follows: The Weekend Australian—297,000; The Daily Telegraph—330,000; the Herald Sun—494,000; The Courier-Mail—282,000; The Advertiser—243,000; The Mercury—61,000; and the Northern Territory News—31,000.

 

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News Limited’s principal Sunday newspapers in Australia are: The Sunday Telegraph, published in Sydney; the Sunday Herald Sun, published in Melbourne; The Sunday Mail, published in Brisbane; the Sunday Mail, published in Adelaide; The Sunday Times, published in Perth; the Sunday Tasmanian, published in Hobart; and the Sunday Territorian, published in Darwin. All these newspapers are mass circulation, metropolitan Sunday newspapers with broad-based readerships reflecting the diversity of the populations of the cities in which they are published. The average paid circulation of each of these Sunday newspapers during fiscal 2011 was approximately as follows: The Sunday Telegraph—627,000; the Sunday Herald Sun—585,000; The Sunday Mail (Brisbane)—503,000; the Sunday Mail (Adelaide)—294,000; The Sunday Times—296,000; the Sunday Tasmanian—58,000; and the Sunday Territorian—21,000.

The other newspapers that News Limited owns and publishes in Australia are distributed to a wide range of readers in urban, suburban and rural areas and are principally weekly publications. The majority of such newspapers are free-distribution suburban publications. In the Sydney suburban markets, News Limited owns 21 weekly newspapers; in Melbourne, 33 weekly newspapers; in Brisbane, 21 weekly newspapers; in Adelaide, 11 weekly newspapers; and in Perth, News Limited’s 50% owned suburban group publishes 16 weekly newspapers. The aggregate average weekly circulations of these suburban newspapers for the six months ended March 31, 2011 was approximately 5,125,000 homes.

In addition to these newspapers, News Limited also publishes two other monthly publications with an average circulation for the six months ended March 31, 2011 of approximately 99,000 homes.

News Limited’s suburban newspapers are leading publications in terms of advertising and circulation in each of their respective markets. News Limited’s other newspapers in Australia are regional newspapers, circulating throughout broader, less densely populated areas.

Except for 30 of its suburban newspapers, News Limited’s Australian newspapers are produced and printed in facilities owned by the Company.

Dow Jones

Dow Jones is a global provider of news and business information, with newspaper, newswire, website, newsletter, magazine, database, conference, radio and video businesses. Dow Jones offers products targeting both individual consumer and business and institutional customers, including The Wall Street Journal, Dow Jones Newswires, Factiva, Barron’s, MarketWatch, SmartMoney and other products. Products targeting business and institutional customers, including Dow Jones Newswires and Factiva, combine news and information with technology and tools designed to inform decisions and to aid awareness, research and understanding. The Dow Jones Local Media business publishes community newspapers, websites and other products in seven U.S. states.

The Wall Street Journal. The Wall Street Journal is available in print, online at WSJ.com, and on mobile devices such as smart phones, e-readers and tablets. The Wall Street Journal is the leading circulation daily newspaper in the United States, with average print and digital circulation in fiscal 2011 of more than 2.1 million. WSJ.com has more than 1.0 million paid subscribers as of June 30, 2011. WSJ.com, which offers both free and premium content, also averaged more than 28 million visitors per month during fiscal 2011 according to Adobe Omniture. The Wall Street Journal’s three major national print editions are produced at plants around the United States, including 10 owned by the Company. The Wall Street Journal sells regional advertising in 19 regional print editions and pre-printed advertisements in various subsets of the print circulation. The Wall Street Journal also publishes a regional edition for the New York City area called Greater New York.

Barron’s. Barron’s is available in print, online at Barrons.com, and on mobile devices. Barron’s caters to financial professionals, individual investors and others interested in financial markets. Its print edition is published weekly. In fiscal 2011, Barron’s had an average paid weekly circulation of nearly 305,000 and Barrons.com had more than 154,000 paid subscribers. Barron’s print edition is produced at plants around the United States, including at 10 owned by the Company.

 

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SmartMoney. SmartMoney publishes news and information focusing on personal finance, and is available in print, online at SmartMoney.com, and on mobile devices. The print edition of SmartMoney is published monthly. In fiscal 2011, SmartMoney had average monthly paid circulation of more than 800,000.

The Wall Street Journal Digital Network (“WSJDN”). WSJDN comprises business and financial news websites and mobile applications. In addition to WSJ.com, Barrons.com and SmartMoney.com, discussed above, WSJDN includes MarketWatch, AllThingsD.com and related sites. In fiscal 2011, WSJDN averaged more than 42 million visitors per month with more than 480 million page views according to Adobe Omniture. MarketWatch comprises an investing and financial news site targeting active investors and related sites, and averaged more than 10 million visitors per month during fiscal 2011 according to Adobe Omniture. AllThingsD.com is a personal technology site that features breaking technology news, in-depth coverage of Silicon Valley and the media industry, and product reviews and analysis.

International Editions of The Wall Street Journal. The Wall Street Journal Europe print edition, which had an average circulation of more than 77,000 during fiscal 2011, is headquartered in London and printed in Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. The Wall Street Journal Asia print edition, which had an average circulation of more than 82,000 during fiscal 2011, is headquartered in Hong Kong and printed in Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan and Thailand. Regional coverage from The Wall Street Journal Europe and The Wall Street Journal Asia is also available online at WSJ.com. Dow Jones also publishes The Wall Street Journal Special Editions, which provide Wall Street Journal pages and/or content in local languages.

Factiva. Factiva provides news and business information with search and discovery technology and tools to assist business and institutional customers with research, awareness and decision-making. Factiva had over 1.9 million paying customers worldwide as of June 30, 2011.

Dow Jones Newswires. Dow Jones Newswires is a premier provider of real-time business news and information to financial professionals and online investors around the world via terminals, portals and intranet sites with hundreds of thousands of financial professionals and millions of online investors relying on this information each trading day. It publishes over 15,000 news items in multiple languages each day, including breaking news, analysis, commentary and statistical data.

Dow Jones Local Media. The Dow Jones Local Media business publishes local media print publications, including eight general interest dailies in California, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Oregon and Pennsylvania, and related local websites. In fiscal 2011, average print and digital circulation for these dailies was more than 201,000, with Sunday print and digital circulation of over 240,000. The Dow Jones Local Media business also publishes 13 weekly newspapers, performs commercial printing at its five printing locations and offers other products and services.

Other Products and Distribution Channels. Dow Jones VentureSource, which targets business and institutional customers, is a database for venture capital and private equity markets tracking key developments of more than 69,000 venture-backed and private equity-backed companies world-wide, with details on more than 9,000 active investors. Dow Jones Watchlist helps compliance professionals identify high-risk clients and business associates. The eFinancialNews business, based in London, serves the European financial services industry with print, online, training and events businesses. The Wall Street Journal Professional Edition provides business and professional readers with specialized and targeted news and information. Dow Jones also distributes news and information to individual consumers through other channels of content distribution, including: television, radio/audio, online video, consumer electronic licensing, The Wall Street Journal classroom, campus and Sunday editions, and WSJ.Magazine. Dow Jones also owns an interest in Vedomosti, a joint venture owned equally by Dow Jones, Pearson Plc and Independent Media, which publishes a Russian language business daily.

 

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New York Post

The New York Post (the “Post”) is a mass circulation, metropolitan morning newspaper published seven days a week and primarily distributed in the New York metropolitan area, the Northeast, Florida and California. For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011, average weekday circulation, including digital editions, was approximately 520,000. The Company prints the Post in a printing facility in the Bronx, New York and uses third party printers in its other markets in the United States.

The Company’s Community Newspaper Group also owns several local newspapers and other publications distributed in the New York metropolitan area.

The Daily

The Daily is a first-of-its-kind daily national news publication built exclusively as an application for tablet computing. The Daily is a subscription-based news product, published daily. The Daily launched on the iPad in February 2011 and as of June 30, 2011 has been downloaded more than 1 million times from the iTunes App Store.

Harper Collins Publishers

HarperCollins Publishers (“HarperCollins”) is engaged in English language book publishing on a worldwide basis and is one of the world’s largest English language book publishers. HarperCollins’ principal businesses are HarperCollins Publishers LLC (“HarperCollins U.S.”), headquartered in New York, HarperCollins Publishers Limited, headquartered in London, and The Zondervan Corporation LLC, headquartered in Grand Rapids, Michigan. HarperCollins primarily publishes fiction and non-fiction, including religious books, for the general consumer. In the United Kingdom, HarperCollins publishes some titles for the educational market as well.

During fiscal 2011, HarperCollins U.S. had 166 titles on the New York Times bestseller list, with 18 titles hitting number one, including Sh*t My Dad Says by Justin Halpern, Straight Talk, No Chaser by Steve Harvey, Red by Sammy Hagar, Just Kids by Patti Smith, The Happiness Project by Gretchen Rubin, Tribal Leadership by Dave Logan, John King & Halee Fischer-Wright, Pretty Little Liars by Sara Shepard, I Am Number Four by Pittacus Lore, Silverlicious by Victoria Kann, Beastly by Alex Flinn, Knuffle Bunny Free by Mo Willems, Beezus and Ramona, Movie Tie-in Edition by Beverly Cleary, Fancy Nancy: Ooh La La! It’s Beauty Day by Jane O’Connor, Charlie the Ranch Dog by Ree Drummond, Scaredy-Cat, Splat! by Rob Scotton, My Mommy Hung the Moon by Jamie Lee Curtis, The Vampire Diaries: Stefan’s Diaries: Vol. 1 Origins by L.J. Smith, Kevin Williamson & Julie Plec, and Fancy Nancy: Stellar Stargazer! by Jane O’Connor.

News America Marketing Group

News America Marketing Group (“NAMG”) publishes free-standing insert publications and provides in-store marketing products and services.

NAMG is one of the two largest publishers of free-standing inserts in the United States. Free-standing inserts are multiple-page marketing booklets containing coupons, rebates and other consumer offers, which are distributed to consumers through insertion primarily into local Sunday newspapers. Advertisers, primarily packaged goods companies, pay NAMG to produce free-standing inserts, and NAMG contracts with and pays newspapers to include the free-standing inserts primarily into the newspapers’ Sunday editions. NAMG produces approximately 74 million free-standing inserts more than 40 times a year, which are inserted in approximately 1,600 Sunday newspapers throughout the United States. NAMG, through an affiliate, also produces over eight million free-standing inserts approximately 15 times annually, which are inserted into over 200 Canadian newspapers in Canada.

 

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NAMG is a leading provider of in-store marketing products and services, primarily to consumer packaged goods manufacturers, with products in more than 55,000 supermarkets, drug stores, dollar stores, office supply stores and mass merchandisers worldwide.

SmartSource® is the brand name that is linked with NAMG’s vast assortment of marketing products, including, among others, free-standing inserts, NAMG’s instant coupon machines and various shelf advertising products. The SmartSource® brand currently reaches approximately 158 million consumers weekly.

The SmartSource iGroup manages NAMG’s portfolio of database and electronic marketing solutions. The database marketing business, branded SmartSource Direct, provides direct mail solutions via its national network of retailer frequent shopper card databases. SmartSource Direct’s frequent shopper card database accesses the purchase behavior of more than 100 million cardholders. The SmartSource Savings Network, which includes SmartSource.com, encompasses all of NAMG’s electronic couponing and sampling solutions accessed through the web, mobile and tablet-based programming and reaches an audience of more than 85 million consumers.

Competition

The newspapers, magazines and online publications of the Company that target individual consumers compete for readership and advertising with a variety of print and digital media. The competition includes local and national newspapers, as well as wholly web-based media, along with television, radio and other communications media.

Competition for newspaper circulation is based on the news and editorial content of the newspaper, cover price and, from time to time, various promotions. The success of the newspapers published by the Company in competing with newspapers and other media for advertising depends upon advertisers’ judgments as to the most effective use of their advertising budgets. Competition for advertising among newspapers is based upon circulation levels, readership levels and demographics, advertising rates and advertiser results. Such judgments are based on factors such as cost, availability of alternative media, circulation and quality of readership demographics.

In recent years, the newspaper industry has experienced difficulty increasing or maintaining circulation volume and revenues. This is due to, among other factors, increased competition from new media formats and sources, and shifting preferences among some consumers to receive all or a portion of their news from sources other than a newspaper. New channels for distributing news and other content to consumers could impact performance, positively or negatively. Smart phones and tablet computers and the applications associated with both have the potential to introduce new or different pricing schemes and/or affect the relationship between publisher and customer. The Company believes that competition from new media formats and sources and shifting consumer preferences will continue to pose challenges within the newspaper industry.

Online publications, as well as print publications, compete with other websites that offer continuously updated coverage of business news, as well as licensing of electronic content. Competitors of Dow Jones’ online publications include FT.com, New York Times Digital, TheStreet.com, Bloomberg, Forbes.com, Yahoo!Finance, CNET, CNN Money, MSNMoney/CNBC and Google Finance.

Dow Jones Newswires competes with other global financial newswires, including Thomson Reuters and Bloomberg L.P., as well as many Internet-based providers of financial news and information. Factiva competes with various business information service providers, including LexisNexis, Thomson Reuters, Hoover’s and OneSource. Factiva also competes with various Internet-based information search services such as those offered by Google, Microsoft and Yahoo!.

The book publishing business operates in a highly competitive market that is quickly changing and continues to see technological innovations, including electronic book devices sold by Amazon, Apple and

 

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Barnes & Noble. HarperCollins competes with other large publishers, such as Random House, Penguin Group, Simon & Schuster and Hachette Livre, as well as with numerous smaller publishers, for the rights to works by well-known authors and public personalities. In addition, HarperCollins competes for readership with other media formats and sources.

NAMG competes against other providers of marketing products and services, including those that provide promotional or advertising inserts and direct mailers of promotional or advertising materials, as well as those that provide trade and in-store advertisements and promotions. Competition is based on, among other things, rates, availability of traditional and digital markets, quality of products and services provided and their effectiveness, and rate of coupon redemption.

Other

Digital Media Businesses

The Company’s digital media businesses include IGN Entertainment, Inc. (“IGN”), and other internet properties and, until June 29, 2011, Myspace. These businesses develop and promote content and experiences for internet audiences and generate revenue through internet advertising, sponsorships, subscriptions and e-commerce.

On June 29, 2011, the Company sold Myspace, including its stake in Myspace Music, LLC, to Specific Media, a digital media company, and received a minority equity stake in Specific Media in connection with the sale.

IGN’s network of video game, lifestyle and entertainment-related Internet properties represent many of the top web properties in their respective categories across the Internet. IGN’s Games sites (IGN.com, 1UP, GameSpy, FilePlanet, TeamXbox and others) is the number one gaming information network on the Internet with over 12.9 million unique users and 244 million page views in the United States in June 2011 according to comScore Media Metrix. IGN’s GameSpy Technology group provides technology for online game play in video games. IGN also owns and operates one of the leading men’s lifestyle websites, AskMen.com. In May 2011, IGN acquired UGO Entertainment, Inc., which owns the ugo.com and 1up.com men’s lifestyle and video gaming sites, from Hearst Corporation in exchange for a minority ownership stake in IGN. Also in May 2011, IGN sold its Direct2Drive digital distribution site to GameFly, Inc. (“GameFly”), a leading video game rental service, for a minority ownership stake in GameFly.

Making Fun, Inc. (“Making Fun”) is a social games developer and publisher acquired in December 2010. Making Fun makes games for various platforms, including Facebook, Android, and iOS, and has launched its first games with additional ones in development.

Competition. These digital media businesses compete for advertisers, users and traffic with other Internet sites and offline entertainment and advertising options. These businesses develop new tools and features to remain competitive. These new tools and features are key competitive factors in keeping users engaged with these digital media businesses.

News Outdoor

In July 2011, the Company sold its majority interest in its outdoor advertising businesses in Russia and Romania. This transaction completed the Company’s divestment of its outdoor advertising business, with the exception of News Outdoor Czech Republic, for which the Company is currently exploring its strategic options, including the possible sale of this business. The Company previously sold its majority interest in its outdoor advertising businesses in the Ukraine and Poland in May 2011 and October 2010, respectively.

 

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Wireless Generation

In the third quarter of fiscal 2011, the Company acquired Wireless Generation, an educational technology company providing mobile and web software, data systems and professional services that enable teachers to use data to assess student progress and deliver individualized instruction. It serves more than 200,000 teachers and three million students across all 50 states.

Other Operations

The Company has interests in FOX TV in Turkey and Channel 10 in Israel, which are free-to-air, general entertainment television stations.

News Digital Media is the Company’s Australian online division. In addition to maintaining the Company’s Australian websites, News Digital Media is responsible for online advertising and transactions in Australia. News Digital Media sites include carsguide.com.au, news.com.au, MOSHTIX.com.au, GetPrice.com.au and truelocal.com.au. News Digital Media also has a 50% stake in CareerOne.com.au.

Equity Interests

BSkyB

The Company holds an approximate 39% interest in BSkyB. BSkyB’s ordinary shares are listed on the London Stock Exchange under the symbol “BSY”. BSkyB operates the leading pay television broadcast service in the United Kingdom and Ireland, as well as broadband and telephony services. BSkyB acquires and commissions programming to broadcast on its own channels and supplies certain of those channels to cable operators for retransmission by the cable operators to their subscribers in the United Kingdom and Ireland. BSkyB also retails channels (both its own and those of third parties) to DTH subscribers and to certain of its own channels to a limited number of DSL subscribers. In June 2010, the Company announced that it had proposed to the board of directors of BSkyB to make a cash offer of 700 pence per share for the BSkyB shares that the Company does not already own. Following the allegations regarding News of the World, on July 13, 2011, the Company announced that it no longer intended to make an offer for the BSkyB shares that the Company does not already own. As a result of the July 2011 announcement, the Company paid BSkyB a breakup fee of approximately $63 million in accordance with a cooperation agreement between the parties.

NDS

The Company holds an approximate 49% interest in NDS. NDS creates technologies and applications that enable pay television operators to deliver digital content to televisions, set-top boxes, DVRs, personal computers, portable media players, removable media and other mobile devices securely.

FOXTEL

The Company, Telstra Corporation Limited, an Australian telecommunications company, and Consolidated Media Holdings, an Australian media and entertainment company, own and operate FOXTEL, a cable and satellite television service in Australia with 25%, 50% and 25% interests, respectively. At June 30, 2011, FOXTEL had approximately 1.65 million managed subscribers (including subscribers to Optus, an Australian telecommunications company). At June 30, 2011, 100% of the FOXTEL managed subscriber base was connected to FOXTEL’s digital service, which delivers over 180 channels on cable and satellite.

Other Investments

SkyNZ. The Company owns an approximate 44% interest in Sky Network Television Limited, a land-linked UHF network and digital DBS service in New Zealand.

 

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Hulu. The Company has an approximate 32% equity interest in Hulu, LLC (“Hulu”) which operates an online video service that offers video content from Fox, NBC Universal, The Walt Disney Company and over 100 other third party content licensors. Hulu’s premium programming is available free of charge to viewers at Hulu.com and over 40 destination sites online, including AOL, IMDb, MSN, Myspace and Yahoo!. Additional premium programming is available on a monthly subscription basis at Hulu.com and through software applications on Internet-connected devices, including smart phones, tablets, gaming consoles and set-top boxes.

Sky Deutschland. The Company owns a 49.9% equity interest in Sky Deutschland, the leading pay television operator in Germany and Austria. The core business of Sky Deutschland is subscription pay-tv and it offers a wide range of programming in Germany and Austria and can be received via Teleclub in Switzerland. Sky Deutschland’s program offering includes current feature films, new series, children’s channels, documentaries and live sports, such as the German Bundesliga and UEFA Champions League. Sky Deutschland has market leading HD offering with 27 HD channels, and an additional service called “Sky Go” which is available on the web, iPhone and iPad.

In fiscal 2011, the Company agreed to backstop €400 million (approximately $525 million) of financing measures that were being initiated by Sky Deutschland of which approximately €342 million (approximately $450 million) has been completed. As part of these financing measures, the Company acquired 108 million additional shares of Sky Deutschland. The aggregate cost of the shares acquired by the Company was approximately €115 million (approximately $150 million) and the shares were newly registered shares issued pursuant to the total capital increase. In addition, in accordance with the backstop, the Company agreed with Sky Deutschland to subscribe to a bond issuance that is convertible for up to 53.9 million underlying Sky Deutschland shares. The convertible bond was issued to the Company in January 2011 for approximately €165 million (approximately $225 million). The Company currently has the right to convert the bond into equity, subject to certain black-out periods. If not converted, the Company will have the option to redeem the bond for cash upon its maturity in four years. The remaining amount under the backstop of approximately €58 million (approximately $75 million), must be funded prior to December 2011 and will be provided as a shareholder loan to the extent Sky Deutschland does not generate other proceeds through capital increases or convertible bond issuances. The Company has also agreed to loan Sky Deutschland approximately $70 million to support the launch of a sports news channel. The Company expects to fund these amounts in fiscal 2012.

CMC-News Asia. In fiscal 2011, the Company transferred the equity and related assets of its STAR China business along with the Fortune Star Chinese movie library with a combined market value of approximately $140 million to CMC-News Asia Holdings Limited (“CMC-News Asia”), a joint venture with China Media Capital, a media investment fund in China, and China Media Capital paid cash of approximately $74 million to the Company. The Company holds an approximate 47% interest in CMC-News Asia. CMC-News Asia develops and broadcasts the Chinese language Xing Kong and Channel [V] China channels primarily in China on a free-to-air basis to local cable operators in southern China and three-star and above hotels and other approved organizations and institutions, and sells television, new media, home video and other rights to its extensive contemporary Chinese film library comprised of over 750 titles.

Government Regulation

General

Various aspects of the Company’s activities are subject to regulation in numerous jurisdictions around the world. The Company believes that it is in material compliance with the requirements imposed by those laws and regulations described herein. The introduction of new laws and regulations in countries where the Company’s products and services are produced or distributed (and changes in the enforcement of existing laws and regulations in those countries) could have a negative impact on the interests of the Company.

 

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Cable Network Programming and Direct Broadcast Satellite Television

United States. FCC regulations adopted pursuant to the Cable Television Consumer Protection and Competition Act of 1992 (the “Program Access Rules”) prevent a cable operator that has an attributable interest (including voting or non-voting stock ownership of 5% or more or limited partnership equity interests of 5% or more) in a programming vendor from exercising undue or improper influence over the vendor in its dealings with competitors to cable. The Program Access Rules also prohibit a cable programmer in which a cable operator has an attributable interest from entering into exclusive contracts with any cable operator or from discriminating among competing Multichannel Video Programming Distributors in the price, terms and conditions of sale or delivery of programming. The cable networks operated by the Company are not currently subject to the Program Access Rules.

Asia. The Company broadcasts television programming over a “footprint” covering approximately 53 Asian countries. Most countries in which the Company operates have a regulatory framework for the satellite and cable television industry. Government regulation of direct reception and redistribution via cable or other means of satellite television signals, where it is addressed at all, is treated differently in each country. At one extreme are absolute bans on private ownership of satellite receiving equipment. Some countries, however, have adopted a less restrictive approach, opting to allow ownership of satellite receiving equipment by certain institutions and individuals but allowing them to receive only authorized broadcasts. At the opposite end of the spectrum are countries where private satellite dish ownership is allowed and laws and regulations have been adopted which support popular access to satellite services through local cable redistribution.

Most television services within Asia, whether free-to-air or pay television, are also subject to licensing requirements. In addition, most countries in which the Company operates control the content offered by local broadcast operators through censorship requirements to which program suppliers, such as the Company, are subject. Certain countries also require a minimum percentage of local content. Other countries require local broadcast operators to obtain government approval to retransmit foreign programming.

Additional categories of regulation of actual or potential significance to the Company are restrictions on foreign investment in distribution platforms, television programming production, limitations on exclusive arrangements for channel distribution and non-discrimination requirements for supply or carriage of programming and anti-competition or anti-trust legislation. Such restrictions are different in each country.

India. In India, private satellite dish ownership, including DTH, is allowed. Television viewers receive broadcast television signals primarily through terrestrial and cable delivery and, in more recent years, through DTH and IPTV delivery. Terrestrial broadcasting remains the domain of government-owned broadcast stations.

All cable television operators are required to carry certain government-operated channels. Retransmissions of foreign satellite channels, such as STAR India’s channels, are permitted, subject to licensing requirements and compliance with local applicable laws, including programming and advertisement codes. The Indian government requires that all cinematograph film and media content, whether produced in India or abroad, be certified by the Central Board of Film Certification prior to exhibition in India and also places certain restrictions on advertising content.

Limits are imposed by the Indian government on the increase in the year-on-year prices payable by cable operators to broadcasters for all pay and free-to-air channels, including the Company’s channels. Further, certain areas have been notified for pay channels to be compulsorily provided through conditional access systems where cable operators are required to provide such channels at a capped retail price, of which the broadcasters’ share is restricted to 45%. The wholesale and retail pricing tariffs are presently under review consequent to intervention by the Indian courts. While there is no tariff regulation for DTH at retail level, broadcasters are required to offer their channels to DTH platforms at 42% of the rates charged to analogue cable operators pursuant to an interim order by the Supreme Court of India. Broadcasters are also required to provide their channels on non-discriminatory terms to all distributors if no carriage charges are being sought from broadcasters.

 

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China. In mainland China, private satellite dish ownership is prohibited except with special approval for hotels and, government and foreign institutions that can receive only authorized broadcasts. There is a quota on the amount of foreign content that local television stations may broadcast. Foreign satellite channels are not subject to such content restriction but they may only be distributed in three-star and above hotels and other approved organizations and institutions that are allowed to receive overseas satellite television channels or by local operators that have received special approval to retransmit foreign satellite channels. In addition, local operators may only broadcast and transmit channels that carry content that falls within the genre of the government approval or license.

Taiwan. In Taiwan, private satellite dish ownership is allowed. The maximum subscription fee chargeable by cable television operators is set by both the national and local governments. Cable television operators offer analog basic channels in a single package and digital premium channels in packages or on an à la carte basis as a buy through to their basic analog service. All channels offered in Taiwan must be licensed. Retransmission of foreign satellite programming by local cable operators is permitted, but local cable operators are also required to carry terrestrial channels and broadcast a minimum percentage of local content.

Latin America. The Company broadcasts television programming throughout approximately 18 Latin American countries, as well as the Caribbean. Certain countries in which the Company operates have a regulatory framework for the satellite and cable television industry. These regulations vary in each country as does their impact on the Company’s business. Regulations of actual or potential significance to the Company include those in Argentina, where the government has required pay TV operators to carry certain government operated channels, has imposed restrictions on the ability to effectuate price increases on rates charged to pay TV operators, has reduced by half the available advertising inventory on the channels and has imposed a withholding tax on advertisers purchasing advertising inventory on international channels. In Brazil, legislation is under consideration that creates quotas for both local production by international pay TV programmers and local channels for pay TV operators and imposes restrictions on advertising time.

Europe. The sectors in which the Company operates in Europe are subject to both general competition laws and sector specific regulation. The regulatory regime applicable to the electronic communications and broadcasting sectors is, to a large extent, based on European Union (“EU”) law comprised in various EU directives that require EU member states to adopt national legislation to give effect to the directives’ objectives, while leaving the precise manner and form of the national legislation to the discretion of each member state. The Electronic Communications Directives regulate the provision of communication services, including networks and transmission services that are involved in the broadcasting of television services as well as the provisions of services and facilities associated with the operation of digital television platforms. The AudioVisual Media Services Directive sets out the basic principles for the regulation of television broadcasting activity, including broadcasting licensing, advertising and content regulation.

In connection with the Company’s acquisition of Telepiù Spa and Stream Spa to form SKY Italia in 2003, the EC placed certain regulatory restrictions on the operations of SKY Italia through December 31, 2011. These restrictions require SKY Italia to wholesale its premium programming, to limit the length and exclusivity of certain of its premium programming contracts and to provide third parties with access to the SKY Italia platform. In addition, SKY Italia was prohibited from providing a pay television DTT offer and was prohibited from owning a DTT frequency. In July 2010, the EC modified this restriction to allow SKY Italia to bid for one DTT frequency. However, if SKY Italia were to successfully bid for such a DTT frequency, the EC would limit SKY Italia’s use of such frequency to exclusively free-to-air channels through 2015.

Filmed Entertainment

United States. FFE is subject to the provisions of so-called “trade practice laws” in effect in 25 states relating to theatrical distribution of motion pictures. These laws substantially restrict the licensing of motion pictures unless theater owners are first invited to attend a screening of the motion pictures and, in certain

 

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instances, also prohibit payment of advances and guarantees to motion picture distributors by exhibitors. Further, pursuant to various consent judgments, FFE and certain other motion picture companies are subject to certain restrictions on their trade practices in the United States, including a requirement to offer motion pictures for exhibition to theaters on a theater-by-theater basis and, in some cases, a prohibition against the ownership of theaters.

Other International Regulation. In countries outside of the United States, there are a variety of existing or contemplated governmental laws and regulations that may affect the ability of FFE to distribute and/or license its motion picture and television products to cinema, television or in-home media, including copyright laws and regulations that may or may not be adequate to protect its interests, cinema screen quotas, television quotas, contract term limitations, discriminatory taxes and other discriminatory treatment of U.S. products. The ability of countries to deny market access or refuse national treatment to products originating outside their territories is regulated under various international agreements, including the World Trade Organization’s General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and General Agreement on Trade and Services; however, these agreements have limited application with respect to preventing the denial of market access to audio-visual products originating outside the European Union.

Television

In general, the television broadcast industry in the United States is highly regulated by federal laws and regulations issued and administered by various federal agencies, including the FCC. The FCC regulates television broadcasting, and certain aspects of the operations of cable, satellite and other electronic media that compete with broadcasting, pursuant to the Communications Act of 1934, as amended (the “Communications Act”).

The Communications Act permits the operation of television broadcast stations only in accordance with a license issued by the FCC upon a finding that the grant of the license would serve the public interest, convenience and necessity. The FCC grants television broadcast station licenses for specific periods of time and, upon application, may renew the licenses for additional terms. Under the Communications Act, television broadcast licenses may be granted for a maximum permitted term of eight years. Generally, the FCC renews broadcast licenses upon finding that: (i) the television station has served the public interest, convenience and necessity; (ii) there have been no serious violations by the licensee of the Communications Act or FCC rules and regulations; and (iii) there have been no other violations by the licensee of the Communications Act or FCC rules and regulations which, taken together, indicate a pattern of abuse. After considering these factors, the FCC may grant the license renewal application with or without conditions, including renewal for a lesser term than the maximum otherwise permitted, or hold an evidentiary hearing. Fox Television Stations has pending renewal applications for a number of its television station licenses. Seven of the pending applications have been opposed by third parties. On June 13, 2007 and May 15, 2008, Fox Television Stations entered into agreements with the FCC that preclude it from objecting, on the grounds that such action is barred by certain statutes of limitations, to FCC or other governmental action relating to (i) petitions to deny or complaints that have been filed against several owned and operated stations relating to programming that is alleged to violate the prohibition against indecent broadcasts or (ii) inquiries from the FCC regarding compliance with its sponsorship identification rules.

For information on the television stations owned and operated by the Company, see “—Fox Television Stations” above.

On June 12, 2009, all full-power broadcast television stations were required to cease transmission in analog and convert to all digital broadcasts (“DTV”). By that date, the 27 stations owned and operated by Fox Television Stations terminated their analog transmissions and, as required by law, each station surrendered one of the two broadcast channels it had been allotted in order to facilitate the transition to DTV. All Fox Television Stations continue to transmit digital signals on their remaining channels. Under FCC rules, television stations may use their digital channel to broadcast HD digital programming and “multicast” several streams of standard definition digital programming and/or offer mobile digital television channels. Broadcasters may also deliver data over these channels, provided that the supplemental services do not derogate the mandated, free-to-air

 

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program service. In April 2010, Fox Television Stations and eleven other major broadcast station group owners formed Mobile Content Venture (“MCV”), a joint venture to develop a new national mobile content service utilizing the stations’ digital broadcast spectrum. MCV is expected to launch in 32 markets by the end of 2011.

In March 2010, the FCC delivered its national Broadband Plan to Congress, which reviews the nation’s broadband Internet infrastructure and recommends a number of initiatives to spur broadband deployment and use. In order to free up more spectrum for wireless broadband services, the Broadband Plan proposes to make spectrum available, including 120 megahertz of broadcast spectrum, by incentivizing current private-sector spectrum holders to return some of their spectrum to the government by 2015 through such initiatives as voluntary “incentive” spectrum auctions (with current licensees permitted to share in the auction proceeds) and “repacking” of channel assignments to increase efficient spectrum usage. If voluntary measures fail to yield the amount of spectrum the FCC deems necessary for wireless broadband deployment, the Broadband Plan proposes various mandates to reclaim spectrum, such as forced channel sharing. The broadcast industry is exploring additional uses for currently allocated spectrum, such as the mobile delivery of digital video and print content contemplated by MCV, to demonstrate that broadcasters need to retain all of their spectrum in order to bring valuable services to consumers. On November 30, 2010, the FCC launched a rulemaking designed to lay the foundation for eventual repurposing of portions of the broadcast spectrum for wireless broadband services. Some of the Broadband Plan proposals, such as voluntary “incentive” auctions, also require Congressional action. On June 8, 2011, the Senate Commerce Committee approved legislation that would authorize the FCC to conduct auctions of spectrum a broadcaster “relinquishes voluntarily.” The bill would give the FCC the discretion to disburse a portion of any auction proceeds to the relinquishing licensee and would establish a fund to reimburse the reasonable costs of broadcasters that are relocated to a different channel due to reallocation or “repacking” of channel assignments. Similar legislation has been introduced in the House of Representatives. It is not possible to predict the timing or outcome of implementation of the Broadband Plan, whether related legislation will be enacted into law, or the effect of the Broadband Plan or Congressional action on the Company.

On June 2, 2003, the FCC concluded the 2002 biennial review of its broadcast ownership regulations required by the 1996 Telecom Act by amending its rules governing the ownership of television and radio stations and by replacing its newspaper/broadcast cross-ownership ban and the radio/television cross-ownership restriction with a new set of cross-media ownership limits (the “June 2003 Order”). In the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2004, Congress increased the national television station ownership cap to permit an entity to have an attributable ownership interest in an unlimited number of television stations nationally, so long as the audience reach of those stations does not exceed, in the aggregate and after the application of the UHF Discount, 39% of U.S. television households.

Several parties appealed the June 2003 Order. The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit (the “Third Circuit”) stayed the effectiveness of the new rules and, on June 24, 2004, remanded the FCC’s June 2003 Order for additional justification or modification of the revisions the FCC had made to its ownership regulations. On February 4, 2008, the FCC issued an order that concluded its 2006 review of its broadcast ownership regulations and addressed the issues raised by the Third Circuit’s remand (the “February 2008 Order”). The FCC decided there should be no changes to its multiple ownership rules relating to the ownership of more than one television station in the same market. Those rules (i) permit the ownership of two television stations with overlapping coverage areas if the stations are in separate DMAs; and (ii) permit the ownership of two stations in the same DMA if their Grade B coverage areas do not overlap or if eight independently owned full power television stations will remain in the DMA after the stations that had been independently owned become commonly owned, and one of the merged stations is not among the top four-ranked stations in the market, based on audience share. The FCC modified its rule prohibiting common ownership of a broadcast station and a newspaper in the same market to allow such combinations in certain situations. The February 2008 Order was appealed by several parties, including the Company. On July 7, 2011, the Third Circuit affirmed the FCC’s decision to retain its multiple ownership rules and vacated and remanded the revision to the newspaper/broadcast cross-ownership rule on the grounds the FCC failed to comply with procedural notice and comment requirements.

 

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Fox Television Stations is in compliance with the rules governing ownership of multiple stations in the same market and with the national station ownership cap established by Congress. Fox Television Stations retains an attributable interest in the Post and two television stations in the New York DMA. On October 6, 2006, the FCC reaffirmed the Company’s permanent waiver of the newspaper/broadcast cross-ownership rule, which allows the common ownership of the Post and WNYW(TV), and granted a two-year temporary waiver of the rule to continue to allow the common ownership of the Post and WWOR-TV (the “October 2006 Order”). The Company has asked the FCC to extend the permanent waiver to WWOR-TV. The temporary waiver remains in effect pursuant to FCC precedent pending FCC action on this request. Parties opposed to the October 2006 Order filed a petition for reconsideration with the FCC, which was denied on May 22, 2009. Other opponents of the October 2006 Order have asked the FCC to reconsider its May 22, 2009 decision and have filed an opposition to the Company’s request for a permanent waiver. It is not possible to predict the timing or outcome of the FCC’s action on this request for reconsideration or its effect on the Company.

FCC regulations implementing the Cable Television Consumer Protection and Competition Act of 1992 require each television broadcaster to elect, at three-year intervals, either to (i) require carriage of its signal by cable systems in the station’s market (“must carry”) or (ii) negotiate the terms on which that broadcast station would permit transmission of its signal by the cable systems within its market (“retransmission consent”). Generally, the Company has elected retransmission consent for the stations owned and operated by Fox Television Stations. On November 30, 2007, the FCC resolved issues relating to carriage requirements for digital broadcast television signals on cable systems by concluding that cable operators are required to ensure that all “must carry” television signals remain viewable in homes with only analog equipment. In addition, the FCC reaffirmed that “must carry” stations that “multicast” several streams of digital programming are entitled to the carriage by cable systems of only a single “primary” programming stream. The digital signals of stations that elect retransmission consent may be carried in any manner consistent with the agreement between the cable system and the broadcaster. The Satellite Home Viewer Improvement Act of 1999 required satellite carriers, as of January 1, 2002, to carry upon request all television stations located in markets in which the satellite carrier retransmits at least one local station pursuant to the copyright license provided in the statute (“Carry One, Carry All”). FCC regulations implementing this statutory provision require affected stations to elect either mandatory carriage at the same three year intervals applicable to cable “must carry” or negotiate carriage terms with the satellite operators. Satellite carriers are expected to seamlessly replace stations’ analog signals with digital signals. In March 2008, the FCC decided that its Carry One, Carry All policy also applies to local stations’ HD DTV signals; however, satellite carriers could phase in the carriage of all HD DTV signals in a DMA over a four year period beginning in February 2010. Several cable and satellite operators filed a petition for rulemaking with the FCC seeking changes in the retransmission consent regulations, including the imposition of mandatory arbitration and required interim carriage in the event the broadcaster and distributor fail to reach a carriage agreement. In March 2011, the FCC responded by initiating a rulemaking to explore changes to its retransmission consent regulations. The FCC tentatively concluded that it does not have the power to order mandatory arbitration or interim carriage and instead sought comment on modifications to its rules affecting retransmission consent negotiations, including providing more guidance under the FCC’s “good faith negotiation” standard, improving notice to consumers in advance of possible disruptions of TV station carriage and eliminating program exclusivity rules that restrict cable and satellite operators’ ability to negotiate for alternative access to network programming. Among other things, the FCC sought comment on whether it should be a per se violation of “good faith negotiation” requirements for a station to agree to give its network the right to approve retransmission consent agreements or to comply with such an approval requirement in the network affiliation agreement. The broadcast industry, including Fox Entertainment Group and Fox Television Stations, has filed comments opposing changes to the current retransmission consent regime. It is not possible to predict the timing or outcome of the rulemaking or its effect on the Company.

Legislation enacted in 1990 limits the amount of commercial matter that may be broadcast during programming designed for children 12 years of age and younger. In addition, under FCC license renewal processing guidelines, television stations are generally required to broadcast a minimum of three hours per week of programming, which, among other requirements, must serve, as a “significant purpose,” the educational and

 

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informational needs of children 16 years of age and under. A television station found not to have complied with the programming requirements or commercial limitations could face sanctions, including monetary fines and the possible non-renewal of its license.

FCC rules prohibit the broadcast by television and radio stations of indecent or profane material between the hours of 6:00 a.m. and 10:00 p.m. Beginning in March 2004, the FCC implemented a new policy regarding this prohibition and generally stepped up its enforcement of indecency violations. Under the new policy, the single use of certain forbidden expletives, or variations of those expletives, were deemed “indecent” and “profane.” The FCC also warned broadcasters that serious multiple violations of the indecency prohibition could lead to license revocation proceedings, and that fines could be imposed for each incident in a single broadcast. Under the new FCC policy, both complaints about indecency and FCC enforcement actions have increased, and several complaints alleging the broadcast of alleged indecent or profane material by Fox Television Stations are pending at the FCC. As of June 2006, the law authorizes the FCC to impose fines of up to $325,000 per incident for violation of the prohibition against indecent and profane broadcasts.

On March 15, 2006, the FCC determined that the 2002 and 2003 Billboard Music Awards programs, both live broadcasts on FOX, violated the prohibitions against indecent and profane broadcasts because they contained isolated uses of the forbidden expletives (the “March 15 Order”). However, since these broadcasts preceded the FCC’s March 2004 policy, no forfeiture or other penalty was imposed. Nonetheless, in April 2006, Fox Television Stations appealed the March 15 Order to the Second Circuit Court of Appeals (the “Second Circuit”). On June 4, 2007, the Second Circuit granted Fox’s appeal, vacating the March 15 Order as well as the FCC’s new policy on “fleeting expletives” in its entirety on the grounds that both were arbitrary and capricious. The United States obtained review by the U.S. Supreme Court, which reversed the Second Circuit’s decision and remanded the case back to the Second Circuit for consideration of the constitutional issues that had been raised before but not yet decided by that court. On June 13, 2010, the Second Circuit vacated the March 15 Order and the FCC’s indecency policy underlying it on the grounds that the policy is unconstitutionally vague and violates the First Amendment. The Supreme Court granted the government’s request for certiorari and will review the constitutionality of the FCC’s indecency enforcement regime. A decision is expected by June 2012. It is not possible to predict the outcome of the Supreme Court’s review.

On February 22, 2008, the FCC issued an order imposing forfeitures of $7,000 each on 13 FOX Affiliates, including five stations owned and operated by the Company, on the grounds that an April 7, 2003 episode of the program Married by America violated the prohibition against indecent broadcasts. On April 4, 2008, the United States commenced an action in federal district court in the District of Columbia against the five Company-owned stations to collect the forfeitures imposed by the FCC. One of the stations, WDAF-TV, subsequently paid the $7,000 forfeiture and was dismissed from the case in connection with the sale of that station by the Company to Oak Hill Capital Partners in July 2008. The Company moved to dismiss the suit on several grounds, including that the FCC’s forfeiture order is unconstitutional. It is not possible to predict the timing or outcome of this case or its effect on the Company.

Modifications to the Company’s programming to reduce the risk of indecency violations could have an adverse effect on the competitive position of Fox Television Stations and FOX. If indecency regulation is extended to cable and satellite programming, and such extension was found to be constitutional, some of the Company’s cable programming services could be subject to additional regulation that might affect subscription and viewership levels.

The FCC continues to enforce strictly its regulations concerning political advertising, children’s television, environmental concerns, equal employment opportunity, technical operating matters and antenna tower maintenance. FCC rules require the closed captioning of almost all broadcast and cable programming. A federal law enacted in late 2010 requires affiliates of the four largest broadcast networks in the 25 largest markets to carry 50 hours of prime time or children’s programming per calendar quarter with video descriptions, i.e., a verbal description of key visual elements is inserted into natural pauses in the audio and broadcast over a separate

 

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audio channel. Cable and satellite operators with 50,000 or more subscribers must do the same on each of the top five non-broadcast networks they carry. Compliance is required by January 1, 2012 and will apply to FOX affiliates in the Top 25 markets. On March 3, 2011, the FCC commenced a rulemaking to implement the statute’s video description requirements. Fox News Channel, which is among the top five non-broadcast networks, filed comments seeking the statutory exemption for “live or near-live” programming. The same statute will require programming that was captioned on television to retain captions when distributed over the Internet. Although not required by FCC regulation, the Company has committed to provide program ratings information for its broadcast network programming for use in conjunction with V Chip technology, a technology that blocks the display of television programming based on its rating. FCC regulations governing network affiliation agreements mandate that television broadcast station licensees retain the right to reject or refuse network programming in certain circumstances or to substitute programming that the licensee reasonably believes to be of greater local or national importance. Violation of FCC regulations can result in substantial monetary forfeitures, periodic reporting conditions, short-term license renewals and, in egregious cases, denial of license renewal or revocation of license.

Internet

The Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998 (“COPPA”) prohibits websites from collecting personally identifiable information online from children under age 13 without prior parental consent. The Controlling the Assault of Non-Solicited Pornography and Marketing Act of 2003 (“CAN-SPAM”) regulates the distribution of unsolicited commercial emails, or “spam.” Online services provided by the Company may be subject to COPPA and CAN-SPAM requirements.

Federal regulators’ interest in issues of privacy, cybersecurity and data security has been steadily increasing over the past year. In late 2010 the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) and the Department of Commerce (“DOC”) each issued a staff report proposing new frameworks for consumer privacy protection; the FTC report called for federal “Do Not Track” legislation. The FTC has also ratcheted up its enforcement actions against companies that fail to live up to their privacy or data security commitments to consumers. A number of privacy and data security bills have been introduced in both Houses of Congress that address the collection, maintenance and use of personal information, web browsing and geolocation data, and establish data security and breach notification requirements. Several Congressional hearings have examined privacy implications for online, offline and mobile data. The DOC recently issued a “green paper” on cybersecurity and the White House has proposed cybersecurity legislation. Some state legislatures have already adopted legislation that regulates how businesses operate on the Internet, including measures relating to privacy, data security and data breaches. The industry released a set of self-regulatory online behavioral advertising principles in 2009, which are in the process of being implemented by web publishers, online advertisers and online advertising networks. It is unclear whether these industry efforts alone will address the concerns expressed by some federal and state officials about use of anonymous web browsing data to serve targeted advertising. It is not possible to predict whether proposed privacy and data security legislation will be enacted or to determine what effect such legislation might have on the Company’s business.

Foreign governments are raising similar privacy and data security concerns. In particular, the EU is reviewing its privacy legal framework, including expansion of data breach obligations for all industry sectors, and is actively evaluating the privacy implications of online behavioral data collection and usage. Different policy options, including new regulations, are being considered at both the EU and member state levels. European industry is working to implement a self-regulatory regime for online behavioral advertising that is largely consistent with the U.S. self-regulatory framework. Most of this activity is in its early stages but tighter regulation of the collection, use and security of online data is likely. It is unclear how any government action would affect the Company’s business.

The Company monitors pending legislation and regulatory initiatives to ascertain relevance, analyze impact and develop strategic direction surrounding regulatory trends and developments.

 

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Raw Materials

As a major publisher of newspapers, magazines, free-standing inserts and books, the Company utilizes substantial quantities of various types of paper. In order to obtain the best available prices, substantially all of the Company’s paper purchasing is done on a centralized, volume purchase basis, and draws upon major paper manufacturing countries around the world. The Company believes that under present market conditions, its sources of paper supply used in its publishing activities are adequate.

Intellectual Property

The Company’s intellectual property assets include: copyrights in motion pictures, television programming, newspapers, books, magazines, websites and technologies; trademarks in names, logos and characters; domain names; patents or patent applications for inventions related to its products, business methods and/or services; and licenses of intellectual property rights of various kinds. The Company derives value from these assets through the theatrical release of films and the production, distribution and/or licensing of its films and television programming to domestic and international television and cable networks, pay television services, pay-per-view, video-on-demand services and DTH satellite services, operation of websites, and through the sale of products, such as DVDs, Blu-rays, books, newspapers and magazines, among others.

The Company devotes significant resources to protecting its intellectual property in the United States and other key foreign territories. To protect these assets, the Company relies upon a combination of copyright, trademark, unfair competition, patent, trade secret and other laws and contract provisions. However, there can be no assurance of the degree to which these measures will be successful in any given case. Policing unauthorized use of the Company’s products and services and related intellectual property is often difficult and the steps taken may not in every case prevent the infringement by unauthorized third parties of the Company’s intellectual property. The Company seeks to limit that threat through a combination of approaches, including offering legitimate market alternatives, deploying digital rights management technologies, pursuing legal sanctions for infringement, promoting appropriate legislative initiatives and international treaties and enhancing public awareness of the meaning and value of intellectual property and intellectual property laws. Piracy, including in the digital environment, continues to present a threat to revenues from products and services based on intellectual property.

Third parties may challenge the validity or scope of the Company’s intellectual property from time to time, and such challenges could result in the limitation or loss of intellectual property rights. Irrespective of their validity, such claims may result in substantial costs and diversion of resources that could have an adverse effect on the Company’s operations. Moreover, effective intellectual property protection may be either unavailable or limited in certain foreign territories. Therefore, the Company engages in efforts to strengthen and update intellectual property protection around the world, including efforts to ensure the effective enforcement of intellectual property laws and remedies for infringement.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

Prospective investors should consider carefully the risk factors set forth below before making an investment in the Company’s securities.

A Decline in Advertising Expenditures Could Cause the Company’s Revenues and Operating Results to Decline Significantly in any Given Period or in Specific Markets.

The Company derives substantial revenues from the sale of advertising on or in its television stations, broadcast and cable networks, newspapers, integrated marketing services, digital media properties and direct broadcast satellite services. Expenditures by advertisers tend to be cyclical, reflecting overall economic conditions, as well as budgeting and buying patterns. A decline in the economic prospects of advertisers or the economy in general could alter current or prospective advertisers’ spending priorities. Demand for the

 

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Company’s products is also a factor in determining advertising rates. For example, ratings points for the Company’s television stations, broadcast and cable networks and circulation levels for the Company’s newspapers are factors that are weighed when determining advertising rates, and with respect to the Company’s television stations and broadcast and television networks, when determining the affiliate rates received by the Company. In addition, newer technologies, including new video formats, streaming and downloading capabilities via the Internet, video-on-demand, personal video recorders, digital distribution models for books and other devices and technologies are increasing the number of media and entertainment choices available to audiences. Some of these devices and technologies allow users to view television or motion pictures from a remote location or on a time-delayed basis and provide users the ability to fast-forward, rewind, pause and skip programming and advertisements. These technological developments are increasing the number of media and entertainment choices available to audiences and may cause changes in consumer behavior that could affect the attractiveness of the Company’s offerings to viewers, advertisers and/or distributors. A decrease in advertising expenditures or reduced demand for the Company’s offerings can lead to a reduction in pricing and advertising spending, which could have an adverse effect on the Company’s businesses.

Global Economic Conditions May Have a Continuing Adverse Effect on the Company’s Business.

The United States and global economies have undergone a period of economic uncertainty, which caused, among other things, a general tightening in the credit markets, limited access to the credit markets, lower levels of liquidity, increases in the rates of default and bankruptcy, lower consumer and business spending and lower consumer net worth. The resulting pressure on the labor and retail markets and the downturn in consumer confidence weakened the economic climate in certain markets in which the Company does business and has had and may continue to have an adverse effect on the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition and liquidity. A continued decline in these economic conditions could further impact the Company’s business, reduce the Company’s advertising and other revenues and negatively impact the performance of its motion pictures and home entertainment releases, television operations, newspapers, books and other consumer products. In addition, these conditions could also impair the ability of those with whom the Company does business to satisfy their obligations to the Company. As a result, the Company’s results of operations may be adversely affected. Although the Company believes that its operating cash flow and current access to capital and credit markets, including the Company’s existing credit facility, will give it the ability to meet its financial needs for the foreseeable future, there can be no assurance that continued or increased volatility and disruption in the global capital and credit markets will not impair the Company’s liquidity or increase its cost of borrowing.

Acceptance of the Company’s Film and Television Programming by the Public is Difficult to Predict, Which Could Lead to Fluctuations in Revenues.

Feature film and television production and distribution are speculative businesses since the revenues derived from the production and distribution of a feature film or television series depend primarily upon its acceptance by the public, which is difficult to predict. The commercial success of a feature film or television series also depends upon the quality and acceptance of other competing films and television series released into the marketplace at or near the same time, the availability of a growing number of alternative forms of entertainment and leisure time activities, general economic conditions and their effects on consumer spending and other tangible and intangible factors, all of which can change and cannot be predicted with certainty. Further, the theatrical success of a feature film and the audience ratings for a television series are generally key factors in generating revenues from other distribution channels, such as home entertainment and premium pay television, with respect to feature films, and syndication, with respect to television series.

The Company Could Suffer Losses Due to Asset Impairment Charges for Goodwill, Intangible Assets (including FCC Licenses) and Programming.

In accordance with applicable generally accepted accounting principles, the Company performs an annual impairment assessment of its recorded goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets, including FCC licenses, during the fourth quarter of each fiscal year. The Company also continually evaluates whether current factors or

 

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indicators, such as the prevailing conditions in the capital markets, require the performance of an interim impairment assessment of those assets, as well as other investments and other long-lived assets. Any significant shortfall, now or in the future, in advertising revenue and/or the expected popularity of the programming for which the Company has acquired rights could lead to a downward revision in the fair value of certain reporting units, particularly those in the Publishing, Television and Cable Network Programming segments. A downward revision in the fair value of a reporting unit, indefinite-lived intangible assets, investments or long-lived assets could result in an impairment and a non-cash charge would be required. Any such charge could be material to the Company’s reported net earnings.

Fluctuations in Foreign Exchange Rates Could Have an Adverse Effect on the Company’s Results of Operations.

The Company has significant operations in a number of foreign jurisdictions and certain of the Company operations are conducted in foreign currencies. The value of these currencies fluctuates relative to the U.S. dollar. As a result, the Company is exposed to exchange rate fluctuations, which could have an adverse effect on its results of operations in a given period or in specific markets.

The Loss of Carriage Agreements Could Cause the Company’s Revenue and Operating Results to Decline Significantly in any Given Period or in Specific Markets.

The Company is dependent upon the maintenance of affiliation agreements with third party owned television stations and there can be no assurance that these affiliation agreements will be renewed in the future on terms acceptable to the Company. The loss of a significant number of these affiliation arrangements could reduce the distribution of FOX and MyNetworkTV and adversely affect the Company’s ability to sell national and local advertising time. Similarly, the Company’s cable networks maintain affiliation and carriage arrangements that enable them to reach a large percentage of cable and direct broadcast satellite households across the United States. The loss of a significant number of these arrangements or the loss of carriage on basic programming tiers could reduce the distribution of the Company’s cable networks, which may adversely affect those networks’ revenues from subscriber fees and their ability to sell national and local advertising time.

The Inability to Renew Sports Programming Rights Could Cause the Company’s Advertising Revenue to Decline Significantly in any Given Period or in Specific Markets.

The sports rights contracts between the Company, on the one hand, and various professional sports leagues and teams, on the other, have varying duration and renewal terms. As these contracts expire, renewals on favorable terms may be sought; however, third parties may outbid the current rights holders for the rights contracts. In addition, professional sports leagues or teams may create their own networks or the renewal costs could substantially exceed the original contract cost. The loss of rights could impact the extent of the sports coverage offered by the Company and its affiliates, as it relates to FOX, and could adversely affect the Company’s advertising and affiliate revenues. Upon renewal, the Company’s results could be adversely affected if escalations in sports programming rights costs are unmatched by increases in advertising rates and, in the case of cable networks, subscriber fees.

The Company relies on network and information systems and other technology that may be subject to disruption or misuse, which could result in improper disclosure of personal data or confidential information as well as increased costs or loss of revenue.

Network and information systems and other technologies, including those related to our network management, are important to our business activities. Network and information systems-related events, such as computer hackings, computer viruses, worms or other destructive or disruptive software, process breakdowns, denial of service attacks, malicious social engineering or other malicious activities, or any combination of the foregoing, could result in a disruption of our services or improper disclosure of personal data or confidential information. Improper disclosure of such information could harm our reputation, require us to expend resources to remedy such a security breach or subject us to liability under laws that protect personal data, resulting in increased costs or loss of revenue.

 

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Technological Developments May Increase the Threat of Content Piracy and Signal Theft and Limit the Company’s Ability to Protect Its Intellectual Property Rights.

The Company seeks to limit the threat of content piracy and direct broadcast satellite programming signal theft; however, policing unauthorized use of the Company’s products and services and related intellectual property is often difficult and the steps taken by the Company may not in every case prevent the infringement by unauthorized third parties. Developments in technology, including digital copying, file compressing and the growing penetration of high-bandwidth Internet connections, increase the threat of content piracy by making it easier to duplicate and widely distribute pirated material. In addition, developments in software or devices that circumvent encryption technology increase the threat of unauthorized use and distribution of direct broadcast satellite programming signals. The Company has taken, and will continue to take, a variety of actions to combat piracy and signal theft, both individually and, in some instances, together with industry associations. There can be no assurance that the Company’s efforts to enforce its rights and protect its products, services and intellectual property will be successful in preventing content piracy or signal theft. Content piracy and signal theft present a threat to the Company’s revenues from products and services, including, but not limited to, films, television shows, books and direct broadcast satellite programming.

The Company Must Respond to Changes in Consumer Behavior as a Result of New Technologies in Order to Remain Competitive.

Technology, particularly digital technology used in the entertainment industry, continues to evolve rapidly, leading to alternative methods for the delivery and storage of digital content. These technological advancements have driven changes in consumer behavior and have empowered consumers to seek more control over when, where and how they consume digital content. Content owners are increasingly delivering their content directly to consumers over the Internet, often without charge, and innovations in distribution platforms have enabled consumers to view such Internet-delivered content on televisions and portable devices. There is a risk that the Company’s responses to these changes and strategies to remain competitive, including distribution of its content on a “pay” basis, may not be adopted by consumers. In addition, enhanced Internet capabilities and other new media may reduce television viewership, the demand for DVDs and Blu-rays, the desire to see motion pictures in theaters and the demand for newspapers, which could negatively affect the Company’s revenues. In publishing, the trending toward digital media may drive down the price consumers are willing to spend on our products disproportionately to the costs associated with generating literary content. The Company’s failure to protect and exploit the value of its content, while responding to and developing new technology and business models to take advantage of advancements in technology and the latest consumer preferences, could have a significant adverse effect on the Company’s businesses and results of operations.

Labor Disputes May Have an Adverse Effect on the Company’s Business.

In a variety of the Company’s businesses, the Company and its partners engage the services of writers, directors, actors and other talent, trade employees and others who are subject to collective bargaining agreements, including employees of the Company’s film and television studio operations and newspapers. If the Company or its partners are unable to renew expiring collective bargaining agreements, it is possible that the affected unions could take action in the form of strikes or work stoppages. Such actions, as well as higher costs in connection with these collective bargaining agreements or a significant labor dispute, could have an adverse effect on the Company’s business by causing delays in production or by reducing profit margins.

Changes in U.S. or Foreign Regulations May Have an Adverse Effect on the Company’s Business.

The Company is subject to a variety of U.S. and foreign regulations in the jurisdictions in which its businesses operate. In general, the television broadcasting and multichannel video programming and distribution industries in the United States are highly regulated by federal laws and regulations issued and administered by various federal agencies, including the FCC. The FCC generally regulates, among other things, the ownership of media, broadcast and multichannel video programming and technical operations of broadcast licensees. Our

 

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program services and online properties are subject to a variety of laws and regulations, including those relating to issues such as content regulation, user privacy and data protection, and consumer protection, among others. Further, the United States Congress, the FCC and state legislatures currently have under consideration, and may in the future adopt, new laws, regulations and policies regarding a wide variety of matters, including technological changes and measures relating to privacy and data security, which could, directly or indirectly, affect the operations and ownership of the Company’s U.S. media properties. Similarly, changes in regulations imposed by governments in other jurisdictions in which the Company, or entities in which the Company has an interest, operate could adversely affect its business and results of operations.

In addition, changes in tax laws, regulations or the interpretations thereof in the U.S. and other jurisdictions in which the Company has operations could affect the Company’s results of operations.

We face criminal investigations regarding allegations of phone hacking and inappropriate payments to police and other related matters and related civil lawsuits.

U.K. and U.S. regulators and governmental authorities are conducting investigations after allegations of phone hacking and inappropriate payments to police at our former publication, News of the World, and other related matters, including investigations into whether similar conduct may have occurred at the Company’s subsidiaries outside of the U.K. The Company is cooperating fully with these investigations.

We are not able to predict the ultimate outcome or cost of the investigations. Violations of law may result in civil, administrative or criminal fines or penalties. It is also possible that these proceedings could damage our reputation and might impair our ability to conduct our business. Any fees, expenses, fines, penalties, judgments or settlements which might be incurred by the Company in connection with the various proceedings could affect the Company’s results of operations and financial condition.

 

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

The Company owns and leases various real properties in the United States, Europe, Australia and Asia that are utilized in the conduct of its businesses. Each of these properties is considered to be in good condition, adequate for its purpose and suitably utilized according to the individual nature and requirements of the relevant operations. The Company’s policy is to improve and replace property as considered appropriate to meet the needs of the individual operation.

United States

The Company’s principal real properties in the United States are the following:

 

  (a) The Fox Studios Lot, in Los Angeles, California, owned by the Company, containing sound stages, production facilities, administrative, technical and dressing room structures, screening theaters and machinery, equipment facilities and four restaurants;

 

  (b) The leased office space by FFE at Fox Plaza, located adjacent to the Fox Studios Lot and the leased office and production facility of Reveille in Los Angeles, California;

 

  (c) The leased U.S. headquarters of News Corporation, located in New York, New York. These spaces include the executive and editorial offices of Dow Jones, the editorial offices of the Post, the executive offices of NAMG, the home office for Fox Television Stations and various other operations, including the offices and broadcast studios of Fox News;

 

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  (d) The leased offices of HarperCollins U.S. in New York, New York;

 

  (e) The leased office and warehouse facilities of HarperCollins U.S. in Scranton, Pennsylvania;

 

  (f) The printing plant of the Post located in Bronx, New York owned by the Company;

 

  (g) The leased offices of Wireless Generation in Brooklyn, New York;

 

  (h) The leased offices of the Company’s digital media business properties in Beverly Hills, Los Angeles and San Francisco, California; and

 

  (i) The office space campus owned by the Company in South Brunswick, New Jersey.

Europe

The Company’s principal real properties in Europe are the following:

 

  (a) The newspaper production and printing facilities for its U.K. newspapers, which consist of:

 

  1. The leasehold interest in the publishing facilities in two buildings in London, England;

 

  2. The freehold interest in a publishing and printing facility in Broxbourne, England;

 

  3. The freehold interest in a printing facility in Knowsley, England;

 

  4. The leased office space in Dublin, Ireland;

 

  5. The printing facility in North Lanarkshire, Scotland owned by the Company; and

 

  6. The leased office space in Glasgow City Centre, Scotland.

 

  (b) The leased headquarters and editorial offices of HarperCollins Publishers Limited in London, England;

 

  (c) The leased office space of Dow Jones in London, England;

 

  (d) The leased warehouse and office facilities of HarperCollins Publishers Limited in Glasgow, Scotland;

 

  (e) The leased office and theater space of Fox Group in London, England;

 

  (f) The leased office and production facilities of Shine at two locations in London, England, one location in Copenhagen, Denmark and one location in Stockholm, Sweden;

 

  (g) The leased office space and television production and broadcasting studios of SKY Italia in Rome, Italy; and

 

  (h) The leased corporate offices and television production and broadcasting studios of SKY Italia in Milan, Italy.

Australia and Asia

The Company’s principal real properties in Australia and Asia are the following:

 

  (a) The Company-owned print center in Sydney, Australia at which The Australian, the Daily Telegraph and The Sunday Telegraph are printed;

 

  (b) The Company-owned office building space in Sydney, Australia at which The Australian, the Daily Telegraph, and The Sunday Telegraph are published;

 

  (c) The leased facilities of News Digital Media and News Magazines in Sydney, Australia;

 

  (d) The leased facility in Melbourne, Australia at which the Herald Sun and the Sunday Herald Sun are published;

 

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  (e) The Company-owned print center in Melbourne, Australia at which the Herald-Sun and the Sunday Herald-Sun are printed;

 

  (f) The Company-owned office building in Adelaide, Australia utilized in the publishing of The Advertiser and The Sunday Mail;

 

  (g) The Company-owned print center in Adelaide, Australia at which The Advertiser and The Sunday Mail are printed;

 

  (h) The Company-owned office building in Bowen Hills, Brisbane Australia and a Company-owned, print center in Murarrie, Brisbane, Australia at which The Courier Mail and Sunday Mail are published and printed;

 

  (i) The two Company-owned buildings on land sites in Perth, Australia used to publish and print The Sunday Times;

 

  (j) The leased Fox Studios Australia Lot in Sydney, Australia, containing sound stages, production facilities and administrative, technical, dressing room and personnel support services structures;

 

  (k) The leased premises in Hong Kong and other Asian cities used by FIC for its television broadcasting and programming operations;

 

  (l) The leased and owned premises in Mumbai, India used by STAR India for its corporate office and programming operations; and

 

  (m) The leased office space of Dow Jones in Hong Kong.

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

Intermix

On August 26, 2005 and August 30, 2005, two purported class action lawsuits captioned, respectively, Ron Sheppard v. Richard Rosenblatt et. al., and John Friedmann v. Intermix Media, Inc. et al., were filed in the California Superior Court, County of Los Angeles. Both lawsuits named as defendants all of the then incumbent members of the board of directors of Intermix Media, Inc. (“Intermix”), including Mr. Rosenblatt, Intermix’s former Chief Executive Officer, and certain entities affiliated with VantagePoint Venture Partners (“VantagePoint”), a former major Intermix stockholder. The complaints alleged that, in pursuing the transaction whereby Intermix was to be acquired by Fox Interactive Media, a subsidiary of the Company (the “FIM Transaction”), and approving the related merger agreement, the director defendants breached their fiduciary duties to Intermix stockholders by, among other things, engaging in self-dealing and failing to obtain the highest price reasonably available for Intermix and its stockholders. The complaints further alleged that the merger agreement resulted from a flawed process and that the defendants tailored the terms of the merger to advance their own interests. The FIM Transaction was consummated on September 30, 2005. The Friedmann and Sheppard lawsuits were subsequently consolidated and, on January 17, 2006, a consolidated amended complaint was filed (the “Intermix Media Shareholder Litigation”). The plaintiffs in the consolidated action sought various forms of declaratory relief, damages, disgorgement and fees and costs. On March 20, 2006, the court ordered that substantially identical claims asserted in a separate state action filed by Brad Greenspan, captioned Greenspan v. Intermix Media, Inc., et al., be severed and related to the Intermix Media Shareholder Litigation. The defendants filed demurrers seeking dismissal of all claims in the Intermix Media Shareholder Litigation and the severed Greenspan claims. On October 6, 2006, the court sustained the demurrers without leave to amend. On December 13, 2006, the court dismissed the complaints and entered judgment for the defendants. Greenspan and plaintiffs in the Intermix Media Shareholder Litigation filed notices of appeal. The Court of Appeal heard arguments on the fully briefed appeal on October 23, 2008. On November 11, 2008, the Court of Appeal issued an unpublished opinion affirming the lower court’s dismissal on all counts. On December 19, 2008, stockholder appellants filed a Petition for Review with the California Supreme Court. The California Supreme Court denied review on February 18, 2009 and the judgment is now final.

 

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In November 2005, plaintiff in a derivative action captioned LeBoyer v. Greenspan et al. pending against various former Intermix directors and officers in the United States District Court for the Central District of California filed a First Amended Class and Derivative Complaint (the “Amended Complaint”). The original derivative action was filed in May 2003 and arose out of Intermix’s restatement of quarterly financial results for its fiscal year ended March 31, 2003. A substantially similar derivative action filed in Los Angeles Superior Court was dismissed based on the inability of the plaintiffs to plead adequately demand futility. The Amended Complaint added various allegations and purported class claims arising out of the FIM Transaction that are substantially similar to those asserted in the Intermix Media Shareholder Litigation. The Amended Complaint also added as defendants the individuals and entities named in the Intermix Media Shareholder Litigation that were not already defendants in the matter. On October 16, 2006, the court dismissed the fourth through seventh claims for relief, which related to the 2003 restatement, finding that the plaintiff is precluded from relitigating demand futility. At the same time, the court asked for further briefing regarding plaintiffs’ standing to assert derivative claims based on the FIM Transaction, including for alleged violation of Section 14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), the effect of the state judge’s dismissal of the claims in the Greenspan case and the Intermix Media Shareholder Litigation on the remaining direct class action claims alleging breaches of fiduciary duty and other common law claims leading up to the FIM Transaction. The parties filed the requested additional briefing in which the defendants requested that the court stay the direct LeBoyer claims pending the resolution of any appeal in the Greenspan case and the Intermix Media Shareholder Litigation. By order dated May 22, 2007, the court granted defendants’ motion to dismiss the derivative claims arising out of the FIM Transaction, and denied the defendants’ request to stay the two remaining direct claims. As explained in more detail in the next paragraph, the court subsequently consolidated this case with the Brown v. Brewer action also pending before the court. On July 11, 2007, plaintiffs filed the consolidated first amended complaint under the Brown case title. See the discussion of the Brown case below for the subsequent developments in the consolidated case.

On June 14, 2006, a purported class action lawsuit, captioned Jim Brown v. Brett C. Brewer, et al., was filed against certain former Intermix directors and officers in the United States District Court for the Central District of California. The plaintiff asserted claims for alleged violations of Section 14(a) of the Exchange Act and SEC Rule 14a-9, as well as control person liability under Section 20(a) of the Exchange Act. The plaintiff alleged that certain defendants disseminated false and misleading definitive proxy statements on two occasions: one on December 30, 2003 in connection with the stockholder vote on January 29, 2004 on the election of directors and ratification of financing transactions with certain entities of VantagePoint; and another on August 25, 2005 in connection with the stockholder vote on the FIM Transaction. The complaint named as defendants certain VantagePoint related entities, the former general counsel and the members of the Intermix Board who were incumbent on the dates of the respective proxy statements. Intermix was not named as a defendant, but has certain indemnity obligations to the former officer and director defendants in connection with these claims and allegations. On August 25, 2006, plaintiff amended his complaint to add certain investment banks (the “Investment Banks”) as defendants. Intermix has certain indemnity obligations to the Investment Banks as well. Plaintiff amended his complaint again on September 27, 2006, which defendants moved to dismiss. On February 9, 2007, the case was transferred to Judge George H. King, the judge assigned to the LeBoyer action, on the grounds that it raises substantially related questions of law and fact as LeBoyer, and would entail substantial duplication of labor if heard by different judges. On June 11, 2007, Judge King ordered the Brown case be consolidated with the LeBoyer action, ordered plaintiffs’ counsel to file a consolidated first amended complaint, and further ordered the parties to file a joint brief on defendants’ contemplated motion to dismiss the consolidated first amended complaint. On July 11, 2007, plaintiffs filed the consolidated first amended complaint, which defendants moved to dismiss. By order dated January 17, 2008, Judge King granted defendants’ motion to dismiss the 2003 proxy claims (concerning VantagePoint transactions) and the 2005 proxy claims (concerning the FIM Transaction), as well as a claim against the VantagePoint entities alleging unjust enrichment. The court found it unnecessary to rule on dismissal of the remaining claims, which are related to the 2005 FIM Transaction, because the dismissal disposed of those claims. On February 8, 2008, plaintiffs filed a consolidated second amended complaint, which defendants moved to dismiss on February 28, 2008. By order dated July 15, 2008, the court granted in part and denied in part defendants’ motion to dismiss. The 2003 claims

 

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and the claims against the Investment Banks were dismissed with prejudice. The Section 14(a), Section 20(a) and the breach of fiduciary duty claims related to the FIM Transaction remain against the officer and director defendants and the VantagePoint defendants. On November 14, 2008, plaintiff filed a motion for class certification to which defendants filed their opposition on January 14, 2009. On June 22, 2009, the court granted plaintiff’s motion for class certification, certifying a class of all holders of Intermix common stock from July 18, 2005 through consummation of the FIM Transaction, who were allegedly harmed by defendants’ improper conduct as set forth in the complaint. The parties have completed fact and expert discovery. On June 17, 2010, the court granted in part and denied in part defendants’ summary judgment motion filed on October 19, 2009. Specifically, the court denied plaintiff’s motion for summary adjudication of a factual issue and denied defendants’ motion to exclude plaintiff’s damages expert, which was filed on November 30, 2009. In the court’s June 17 order, the court found that plaintiff could not proceed on any fiduciary duty claim based upon alleged violations of the duty of care, but found material issues of fact prohibiting summary judgment on alleged violations of fiduciary duty of loyalty. On plaintiff’s Section 14(a) claim, the court found material issues of fact that prohibited summary judgment on the entire claim, but granted defendants’ motion as to certain purported omissions, finding the allegedly omitted information immaterial. Further, the court granted defendants’ motion as to two damage theories for the Section 14(a) claim, finding benefit of the bargain damages not viable and lost opportunity damages too speculative, and permitting plaintiff to proceed only based upon a theory of out-of-pocket damages. No trial date was set. On October 21, 2010, the parties agreed to a settlement of the action, which is subject to approval by the court. A formal stipulation of settlement was submitted to the court for its approval on December 28, 2010. Accordingly, the Company has recognized the terms of this settlement, which was not material to the Company, in its results of operations. On February 18, 2011, the court granted preliminary approval of the settlement. Plaintiff’s counsel supervised notice of the settlement to the class. The notice provided class members with an opportunity to object. Two shareholders filed objections to the settlement with the court in April 2011. Both objectors had counsel appear on their behalf at a hearing on May 16, 2011 where the court considered plaintiff’s motion for final approval of the settlement and plaintiff’s counsel’s motion for attorneys’ fees, which will come out of the settlement funds. At the hearing, the court did not rule on the motions and instead ordered that plaintiff, objector Trafelet & Co., and defendants submit joint briefing with respect to certain of Trafelet’s objections. The joint brief was filed on June 10, 2011. The joint brief narrowed the objections to allocation of the settlement amount and sufficiency of the notice as it pertains to how the settlement funds will be allocated. The joint brief contained no objection to the settlement itself.

Shareholder Litigation

On March 16, 2011, a complaint seeking to compel the inspection of the Company’s books and records pursuant to 8 Del. C. § 220, captioned Central Laborers Pension Fund v. News Corporation, was filed in the Delaware Court of Chancery. The plaintiff requested the Company’s books and records to investigate alleged possible breaches of fiduciary duty by the directors of the Company in connection with the Company’s purchase of Shine (the “Shine Transaction”). The Company moved to dismiss the action, and briefing on the Company’s motion to dismiss has been completed. An oral argument on the Company’s motion to dismiss is scheduled for August 11, 2011.

Also on March 16, 2011, two purported shareholders of the Company filed a derivative action in the Delaware Court of Chancery, captioned The Amalgamated Bank v. Murdoch, et al. (the “Amalgamated Bank Litigation”). The plaintiffs alleged that both the directors of the Company and Rupert Murdoch as a “controlling shareholder” breached their fiduciary duties in connection with the Shine Transaction. The suit named as defendants all directors of the Company, and named the Company as a nominal defendant. Similar claims against the same group of defendants were filed in the Delaware Court of Chancery by a purported shareholder of the Company, New Orleans Employees’ Retirement System, on March 25, 2011 (the “New Orleans Employees’ Retirement Litigation”). Both the Amalgamated Bank Litigation and the New Orleans Employees’ Retirement Litigation were consolidated on April 6, 2011 (the “Consolidated Action”), with The Amalgamated Bank’s complaint serving as the operative complaint. The Consolidated Action was captioned In re News Corp. Shareholder Derivative Litigation. On April 9, 2011, the court entered a scheduling order governing the filing of an amended complaint and briefing on potential motions to dismiss.

 

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Thereafter, the plaintiffs in the Consolidated Action filed a Verified Consolidated Shareholder Derivative and Class Action Complaint (the “Consolidated Complaint”) on May 13, 2011, seeking declaratory relief and damages. The Consolidated Complaint largely restated the claims in The Amalgamated Bank’s initial complaint and also raised a direct claim on behalf of a purported class of Company shareholders relating to the possible addition of Elisabeth Murdoch to the Company’s board. The defendants filed opening briefs in support of motions to dismiss the Consolidated Complaint on June 10, 2011, as contemplated by the court’s scheduling order. On July 8, 2011, the plaintiffs filed a Verified Amended Consolidated Shareholder Derivative and Class Action Compliant (the “Amended Complaint”). In addition to the claims that were previously raised in the Consolidated Complaint, the Amended Complaint brought claims relating to the alleged acts of voicemail interception at News of the World (the “NoW Matter”). Specifically, the plaintiffs claim that the directors of the Company failed in their duty of oversight regarding the NoW Matter. The Amended Complaint seeks declaratory relief, damages, fees and costs. The court has entered a renewed scheduling order whereby the defendants are scheduled to move to dismiss the Amended Complaint, and file opening briefs in support of such motions, by September 9, 2011.

On July 15, 2011, another purported stockholder of the Company filed a derivative action captioned Massachusetts Laborers’ Pension & Annuity Funds v. Murdoch, et al., in the Delaware Court of Chancery (the “Mass. Laborers Litigation”). The complaint names as defendants the directors of the Company and the Company as a nominal defendant. The plaintiffs’ claims are substantially similar to those raised by the Amended Complaint in the Consolidated Action. Specifically, the plaintiff alleged that the directors of the Company have breached their fiduciary duties by, among other things, approving the Shine Transaction and for failing to exercise proper oversight in connection with the NoW Matter. The plaintiff also brought a breach of fiduciary duty claim against Rupert Murdoch as “controlling shareholder,” and a waste claim against the directors of the Company. The action seeks as relief damages, injunctive relief, fees and costs. On July 25, 2011, the plaintiffs in the Consolidated Action requested that the court consolidate the Mass. Laborers Litigation into the Consolidated Action.

On July 18, 2011, a purported shareholder of the Company filed a derivative action captioned Shields v. Murdoch, et al., in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. The plaintiff alleged violations of Section 14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act, as well as state law claims for breach of fiduciary duty, gross mismanagement, waste, abuse of control and contribution/ indemnification arising from, and in connection with, the NoW Matter. The complaint names the directors of the Company as defendants and named the Company as a nominal defendant, and seeks damages and costs.

On July 19, 2011, a purported class action lawsuit captioned Wilder v. News Corp., et al., was filed on behalf of all purchasers of the Company’s common stock between March 3, 2011 and July 11, 2011, in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. The plaintiff brought claims under Section 10(b) and Section 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act, alleging that false and misleading statements were issued regarding the NoW Matter. The suit names as defendants the Company, Rupert Murdoch, James Murdoch and Rebekah Brooks, and seeks compensatory damages, rescission for damages sustained, and costs.

On July 22, 2011, a purported shareholder of the Company filed a derivative action captioned Stricklin v. Murdoch, et al., in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. The plaintiff brought claims for breach of fiduciary duty, gross mismanagement, and waste of corporate assets in connection with, among other things, (i) the NoW Matter; (ii) News America’s purported payments to settle allegations of anti-competitive behavior; and (iii) the Shine Transaction. The action names as defendants the Company, Les Hinton, Rebekah Brooks, Paul Carlucci and the directors of the Company. The plaintiff seeks various forms of relief including compensatory damages, injunctive relief, disgorgement, the award of voting rights to Class A shareholders, fees and costs.

The Company and its board of directors believe these shareholder claims are entirely without merit, and intend to vigorously defend these actions.

 

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News of the World Investigations and Litigation

U.K. and U.S. regulators and governmental authorities are conducting investigations after allegations of phone hacking and inappropriate payments to police at our former publication, News of the World, and other related matters, including investigations into whether similar conduct may have occurred at the Company’s subsidiaries outside of the U.K. The Company is cooperating fully with these investigations. It is possible that these proceedings could damage our reputation and might impair our ability to conduct our business.

The Company is not able to predict the ultimate outcome or cost associated with these investigations. Violations of law may result in civil, administrative or criminal fines or penalties. The Company has admitted liability in a number of civil cases related to the phone hacking allegations and has settled a number of cases. At June 30, 2011, the Company has provided for its best estimate of the liability for the claims that have been filed. The Company has announced a process under which parties can pursue claims against the Company, and management believes that it is probable that additional claims will be filed. It is not possible to estimate the liability for such additional claims given the early stage of this matter and the information that is currently available to the Company. If more claims are filed and additional information becomes available, the Company will update the provision for such matters. Any fees, expenses, fines, penalties, judgments or settlements which might be incurred by the Company in connection with the various proceedings could affect the Company’s results of operations and financial condition.

Other

The Company’s operations are subject to tax in various domestic and international jurisdictions and as a matter of course, the Company is regularly audited by federal, state and foreign tax authorities. The Company believes it has appropriately accrued for the expected outcome of all other pending tax matters that it can estimate at this time and does not currently anticipate that the ultimate resolution of other pending tax matters will have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial condition, future results of operations or liquidity.

 

ITEM 4. (REMOVED AND RESERVED)

 

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PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

News Corporation’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock are listed and traded on The NASDAQ Global Select Market (“NASDAQ”), its principal market, under the symbols “NWSA” and “NWS”, respectively. CHESS Depositary Interests (“CDIs”) representing the Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock are listed and traded on the Australian Stock Exchange (“ASX”) under the symbols “NWS” and “NWSLV,” respectively. The Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock are also traded on the London Stock Exchange. As of June 30, 2011, there were approximately 44,000 holders of record of shares of Class A Common Stock and 1,300 holders of record of shares of Class B Common Stock.

The following table sets forth, for the fiscal periods indicated, the reported high and low sales prices for Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock as reported on NASDAQ:

 

     Class B
Common Stock
     Class A
Common Stock
 
     High      Low      Dividend (1)      High      Low      Dividend (1)  

Fiscal Year Ended June 30,

                 

2010:

                 

First Quarter

   $ 14.44         9.47         .060         12.31         8.15         .060   

Second Quarter

     15.93         13.24         —           13.69         11.27         —     

Third Quarter

     17.09         14.55         .075         14.46         12.41         .075   

Fourth Quarter

     18.60         14.46         —           16.24         12.39         —     

2011:

                 

First Quarter

     15.93         13.48         .075         14.35         11.82         .075   

Second Quarter

     16.62         15.04         —           14.95         12.97         —     

Third Quarter

     18.73         15.94         .075         17.71         14.13         .075   

Fourth Quarter

     18.99         16.71         —           18.34         16.05         —     

 

(1)

Cash dividend declared per share.

The timing and amount of cash dividends, if any, is determined by the Company’s Board of Directors.

In June 2005, the Company announced a stock repurchase program under which the Company is authorized to acquire from time to time up to an aggregate of $3 billion in Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock. In May 2006, the Company announced that the Board had authorized increasing the total amount of the stock repurchase program to $6 billion. Through June 30, 2011, the Company had repurchased an aggregate of approximately 234 million shares of its Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock for a total cost of purchase of approximately $4,244 million since the announcement of the stock repurchase program in June 2005. The Company did not purchase any of its Class A Common Stock or Class B Common Stock during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011. The remaining authorized amount under the Company’s stock repurchase program, excluding commissions, was approximately $1,761 million at June 30, 2011.

In July 2011, the Company announced that the Board had authorized increasing the total amount of the stock repurchase program remaining by approximately $3.2 billion to $5 billion. The Company is targeting to acquire the $5 billion of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock from time to time over the next 12 months.

The program may be suspended or discontinued at any time.

During the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011, no equity securities of the Company were sold by the Company that were not registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

 

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ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The selected consolidated financial data should be read in conjunction with “Item 7—Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Item 8—Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” and the other financial information included elsewhere herein.

 

    For the years ended June 30,  
    2011 (1)     2010 (1)     2009 (1)     2008 (2)     2007 (3)  
    (in millions, except per share data)  

STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS DATA:

         

Revenues

  $ 33,405      $ 32,778      $ 30,423      $ 32,996      $ 28,655   

Income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to News Corporation stockholders

    2,993        2,539        (3,378     5,387        3,426   

Net income (loss) attributable to News Corporation stockholders

    2,739        2,539        (3,378     5,387        3,426   

Basic income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to News Corporation stockholders per share: (4)

  $ 1.14      $ 0.97      $ (1.29   $ 1.82     

Class A

          $ 1.14   

Class B

          $ 0.95   

Diluted income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to News Corporation stockholders per share:(4)

  $ 1.14      $ 0.97      $ (1.29   $ 1.81     

Class A

          $ 1.14   

Class B

          $ 0.95   

Basic income (loss) attributable to News Corporation stockholders per share: (4)

  $ 1.04      $ 0.97      $ (1.29   $ 1.82     

Class A

          $ 1.14   

Class B

          $ 0.95   

Diluted income (loss) attributable to News Corporation stockholders per share: (4)

  $ 1.04      $ 0.97      $ (1.29   $ 1.81     

Class A

          $ 1.14   

Class B

          $ 0.95   

Cash dividend per share: (4)(5)

  $ 0.150      $ 0.135      $ 0.120       

Class A

        $ 0.120      $ 0.120   

Class B

        $ 0.110      $ 0.100   
    As of June 30,  
    2011     2010     2009     2008     2007  
    (in millions)  

BALANCE SHEET DATA:

         

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 12,680      $ 8,709      $ 6,540      $ 4,662      $ 7,654   

Total assets

    61,980        54,384        53,121        62,308        62,343   

Borrowings

    15,495        13,320        14,289        13,511        12,502   

 

(1) 

See Notes 2, 3, 4, 6 and 9 to the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation for information with respect to significant acquisitions, disposals, changes in accounting, impairment charges, restructuring charges and other transactions during fiscal 2011, 2010 and 2009.

(2) 

Fiscal 2008 results included the Company’s acquisition of Dow Jones for consideration of approximately $5.7 billion. The consideration consisted of approximately $5.2 billion in cash, assumed net debt of $330 million and $200 million in equity instruments. In addition, fiscal 2008 results included the share exchange agreement with Liberty Media Corporation (“Liberty”). Liberty exchanged its entire interest in the Company’s common stock in exchange for the Company’s entire interest in The DIRECTV Group, Inc.

 

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(“DIRECTV”), three of the Company’s Regional Sports Networks and approximately $625 million cash resulting in a tax-free gain of approximately $1.7 billion.

(3) 

Fiscal 2007 results included the disposal of the Company’s investment in SKY Brasil to DIRECTV resulting in a total pretax gain of $426 million of which $261 million was recognized in fiscal 2007. The remaining $165 million was realized when the Company’s interest in DIRECTV was disposed of in fiscal 2008.

(4) 

Shares of the Class A Common Stock carried rights to a greater dividend than shares of the Class B Common Stock through fiscal 2007. As such, for the periods through fiscal 2007, net income available to the Company’s stockholders was allocated between shares of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock. The allocation between these classes of common stock was based upon the two-class method. Subsequent to the final fiscal 2007 dividend payment, shares of Class A Common Stock ceased to carry any rights to a greater dividend than shares of Class B Common Stock.

(5) 

The Company’s Board of Directors (the “Board”) currently declares an interim and final dividend each fiscal year. The final dividend is determined by the Board subsequent to the fiscal year end. The total dividend declared related to fiscal 2011 results was $0.17 per share of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock. The total dividend declared related to fiscal 2010 results was $0.15 per share of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock.

 

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ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

This document contains statements that constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), and Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The words “expect,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “predict,” “believe” and similar expressions and variations thereof are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements appear in a number of places in this document and include statements regarding the intent, belief or current expectations of the Company, its directors or its officers with respect to, among other things, trends affecting the Company’s financial condition or results of operations. The readers of this document are cautioned that any forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks and uncertainties. More information regarding these risks, uncertainties and other factors is set forth under the heading “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of the Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “Annual Report”). The Company does not ordinarily make projections of its future operating results and undertakes no obligation (and expressly disclaims any obligation) to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. Readers should carefully review this document and the other documents filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). This section should be read together with the audited Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation and related notes set forth elsewhere in this Annual Report.

INTRODUCTION

Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is intended to help provide an understanding of News Corporation and its subsidiaries’ (together “News Corporation” or the “Company”) financial condition, changes in financial condition and results of operations. This discussion is organized as follows:

 

   

Overview of the Company’s Business—This section provides a general description of the Company’s businesses, as well as developments that occurred either during fiscal 2011 or early fiscal 2012 that the Company believes are important in understanding its results of operations and financial condition or to disclose known trends.

 

   

Results of Operations—This section provides an analysis of the Company’s results of operations for the three fiscal years ended June 30, 2011. This analysis is presented on both a consolidated and a segment basis. In addition, a brief description is provided of significant transactions and events that impact the comparability of the results being analyzed.

 

   

Liquidity and Capital Resources—This section provides an analysis of the Company’s cash flows for the three fiscal years ended June 30, 2011, as well as a discussion of the Company’s outstanding debt and commitments, both firm and contingent, that existed as of June 30, 2011. Included in the discussion of outstanding debt is a discussion of the amount of financial capacity available to fund the Company’s future commitments and obligations, as well as a discussion of other financing arrangements.

 

   

Critical Accounting Policies—This section discusses accounting policies considered important to the Company’s financial condition and results of operations, and which require significant judgment and estimates on the part of management in application. In addition, Note 2 to the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation summarizes the Company’s significant accounting policies, including the critical accounting policy discussion found in this section.

OVERVIEW OF THE COMPANY’S BUSINESS

The Company regularly reviews its segment reporting and classification. In the first quarter of fiscal 2011, the Company aggregated the previously reported Book Publishing segment, Integrated Marketing Services segment and the Newspapers and Information Services segment to report a new Publishing segment because of changes in how the Company manages and evaluates these businesses as a result of evolving industry trends. The Company has revised its segment information for prior fiscal years to conform to the fiscal 2011 presentation.

 

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The Company is a diversified global media company, which manages and reports its businesses in the following six segments:

 

   

Cable Network Programming, which principally consists of the production and licensing of programming distributed through cable television systems and direct broadcast satellite operators primarily in the United States, Latin America, Europe and Asia.

 

   

Filmed Entertainment, which principally consists of the production and acquisition of live-action and animated motion pictures for distribution and licensing in all formats in all entertainment media worldwide, and the production and licensing of television programming worldwide.

 

   

Television, which principally consists of the broadcasting of network programming in the United States and the operation of 27 full power broadcast television stations, including nine duopolies, in the United States (of these stations, 17 are affiliated with the FOX Broadcasting Company (“FOX”) and ten are affiliated with Master Distribution Service, Inc. (“MyNetworkTV”)).

 

   

Direct Broadcast Satellite Television, which consists of the distribution of basic and premium programming services via satellite and broadband directly to subscribers in Italy.

 

   

Publishing, which principally consists of the Company’s newspapers and information services, book publishing and integrated marketing services businesses. The newspapers and information services business principally consists of the publication of national newspapers in the United Kingdom, the publication of approximately 146 newspapers in Australia, the publication of a metropolitan newspaper and a national newspaper (with international editions) in the United States and the provision of information services. The book publishing business consists of the publication of English language books throughout the world and the integrated marketing services business consists of the publication of free-standing inserts and the provision of in-store marketing products and services in the United States and Canada.

 

   

Other, which principally consists of the Company’s digital media properties, Wireless Generation, the Company’s education technology business, and News Outdoor, an advertising business which offers display advertising in outdoor locations primarily throughout Russia and Eastern Europe.

Television and Cable Network Programming

The Company’s television operations primarily consist of FOX, MyNetworkTV and the 27 television stations owned by the Company.

The television operations derive revenues primarily from the sale of advertising and to a lesser extent retransmission compensation. Adverse changes in general market conditions for advertising may affect revenues. The U.S. television broadcast environment is highly competitive and the primary methods of competition are the development and acquisition of popular programming. Program success is measured by ratings, which are an indication of market acceptance, with the top rated programs commanding the highest advertising prices. FOX is a broadcast network and MyNetworkTV is a programming distribution service, airing original and off-network programming. FOX and MyNetworkTV compete with broadcast networks, such as ABC, CBS, NBC and The CW, independent television stations, cable and DBS program services, as well as other media, including DVDs, Blu-rays, video games, print and the Internet for audiences, programming and, in the case of FOX, advertising revenues. In addition, FOX and MyNetworkTV compete with the other broadcast networks and other programming distribution services to secure affiliations with independently owned television stations in markets across the country.

Retransmission consent rules provide a mechanism for the television stations owned by the Company to seek and obtain payment from multi-channel video programming distributors who carry broadcasters’ signals. Retransmission compensation consists of per subscriber-based compensatory fees paid to the Company from cable and satellite distribution systems as well as a portion of the retransmission revenue the affiliates generate for their retransmission of FOX and MyNetworkTV.

 

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The television stations owned by the Company compete for programming, audiences and advertising revenues with other television stations and cable networks in their respective coverage areas and, in some cases, with respect to programming, with other station groups, and in the case of advertising revenues, with other local and national media. The competitive position of the television stations owned by the Company is largely influenced by the quality and strength of FOX and MyNetworkTV programming, and, in particular, the prime-time viewership of the respective network.

The Company’s U.S. cable network operations primarily consist of the Fox News Channel (“FOX News”), the FX Network (“FX”), Regional Sports Networks (“RSNs”), the National Geographic Channels, SPEED and the Big Ten Network. The Company’s international cable networks consist of the Fox International Channels (“FIC”) and STAR. FIC produces and distributes entertainment, factual, sports, and movie channels through television channels in Europe, Africa, Asia and Latin America using several brands, including Fox, Fox Crime, Fox Life and National Geographic Channel. STAR’s owned and affiliated channels are distributed in the following countries and regions: India; Greater China; Indonesia; the rest of South East Asia; Pakistan; the Middle East and Africa; the United Kingdom and Europe; and North America.

Generally, the Company’s cable networks, which target various demographics, derive a majority of their revenues from monthly affiliate fees received from cable television systems and direct broadcast satellite operators based on the number of their subscribers. Affiliate fee revenues are net of the amortization of cable distribution investments (capitalized fees paid to a cable operator or direct broadcast satellite operator to facilitate the launch of a cable network). The Company defers the cable distribution investments and amortizes the amounts on a straight-line basis over the contract period. Cable television and direct broadcast satellite are currently the predominant means of distribution of the Company’s program services in the United States. Internationally, distribution technology varies region by region.

The Company’s cable networks compete for carriage on cable television systems, direct broadcast satellite systems and other distribution systems with other program services. A primary focus of competition is for distribution of the Company’s cable network channels that are not already distributed by particular cable television or direct broadcast satellite systems. For such program services, distributors make decisions on the use of bandwidth based on various considerations, including amounts paid by programmers for launches, subscription fees payable by distributors and appeal to the distributors’ subscribers.

The most significant operating expenses of the Television segment and the Cable Network Programming segment are the acquisition and production expenses related to programming and the expenses related to operating the technical facilities of the broadcaster or cable network. Other expenses include promotional expenses related to improving the market visibility and awareness of the broadcaster or cable network and its programming. Additional expenses include sales commissions paid to the in-house advertising sales force, as well as salaries, employee benefits, rent and other routine overhead expenses.

The Company has several multi-year sports rights agreements, including contracts with the National Football League (“NFL”) through fiscal 2014, contracts with the National Association of Stock Car Auto Racing (“NASCAR”) for certain races and exclusive rights for certain ancillary content through calendar year 2014 and a contract with Major League Baseball (“MLB”) through calendar year 2013. These contracts provide the Company with the broadcast rights to certain U.S. national sporting events during their respective terms. The costs of these sports contracts are charged to expense based on the ratio of each period’s operating profit to estimated total operating profit for the remaining term of the contract.

The profitability of these long-term U.S. national sports contracts is based on the Company’s best estimates at June 30, 2011 of attributable revenues and costs; such estimates may change in the future and such changes may be significant. Should revenues decline from estimates applied at June 30, 2011, additional amortization of rights may be recorded. Should revenues improve as compared to estimated revenues, the Company may have an improved operating profit related to the contract, which may be recognized over the remaining contract term.

 

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While the Company seeks to ensure compliance with federal indecency laws and related Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”) regulations, the definition of “indecency” is subject to interpretation and there can be no assurance that the Company will not broadcast programming that is ultimately determined by the FCC to violate the prohibition against indecency. Such programming could subject the Company to regulatory review or investigation, fines, adverse publicity or other sanctions, including the loss of station licenses.

Filmed Entertainment

The Filmed Entertainment segment derives revenue from the production and distribution of feature motion pictures and television series. In general, motion pictures produced or acquired for distribution by the Company are exhibited in U.S. and foreign theaters, followed by home entertainment, including sale and rental of DVDs and Blu-rays, video-on-demand and pay-per-view television, on-line and mobile distribution, premium subscription television, network television and basic cable and syndicated television exploitation. Television series initially produced for the networks and first-run syndication are generally licensed to domestic and international markets concurrently and subsequently released in seasonal DVD and Blu-ray box sets. More successful series are later syndicated in domestic markets. The length of the revenue cycle for television series will vary depending on the number of seasons a series remains in active production and, therefore, may cause fluctuations in operating results. License fees received for television exhibition (including international and U.S. premium television and basic cable television) are recorded as revenue in the period that licensed films or programs are available for such exhibition, which may cause substantial fluctuations in operating results.

The revenues and operating results of the Filmed Entertainment segment are significantly affected by the timing of the Company’s theatrical and home entertainment releases, the number of its original and returning television series that are aired by television networks and the number of its television series in off-network syndication. Theatrical and home entertainment release dates are determined by several factors, including timing of vacation and holiday periods and competition in the marketplace. The distribution windows for the release of motion pictures theatrically and in various home entertainment products and services (including subscription rentals, rental kiosks and Internet streaming services), have been compressing and may continue to change in the future. A further reduction in timing between theatrical and home entertainment releases could adversely affect the revenues and operating results of this segment.

The Company enters into arrangements with third parties to co-produce many of its theatrical productions. These arrangements, which are referred to as co-financing arrangements, take various forms. The parties to these arrangements include studio and non-studio entities, both domestic and international. In several of these agreements, other parties control certain distribution rights. The Filmed Entertainment segment records the amounts received for the sale of an economic interest as a reduction of the cost of the film, as the investor assumes full risk for that portion of the film asset acquired in these transactions. The substance of these arrangements is that the third-party investors own an interest in the film and, therefore, receive a participation based on the respective third-party investor’s interest in the profits or losses incurred on the film. Consistent with the requirements of Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 926 “Entertainment—Films,” (“ASC 926”), the estimate of a third-party investor’s interest in profits or losses incurred on the film is determined by reference to the ratio of actual revenue earned to date in relation to total estimated ultimate revenues.

Operating costs incurred by the Filmed Entertainment segment include: exploitation costs, primarily theatrical prints and advertising and home entertainment marketing and manufacturing costs; amortization of capitalized production, overhead and interest costs; and participations and talent residuals. Selling, general and administrative expenses include salaries, employee benefits, rent and other routine overhead.

The Company competes with other film studios, such as Disney, Paramount, Sony, Universal, Warner Bros. and independent film producers in the production and distribution of motion pictures, DVDs and Blu-rays. As a producer and distributor of television programming, the Company competes with studios, television production groups and independent producers and syndicators, such as Disney, Sony, NBC Universal, Warner Bros. and

 

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Paramount Television, to sell programming both domestically and internationally. The Company also competes to obtain creative talent and story properties, which are essential to the success of the Company’s filmed entertainment businesses.

Direct Broadcast Satellite Television

The Direct Broadcast Satellite Television (DBS”) segment’s operations consist of SKY Italia, which provides basic and premium programming services via satellite and broadband directly to subscribers in Italy. SKY Italia derives revenues principally from subscriber fees. The Company believes that the quality and variety of programming, audio and interactive programming including personal video recorders, quality of picture including high definition channels, access to service, customer service and price are the key elements for gaining and maintaining market share. SKY Italia’s competition includes companies that offer video, audio, interactive programming, telephony, data and other information and entertainment services, including broadband Internet providers, digital terrestrial transmission (“DTT”) services, wireless companies and companies that are developing new media technologies. Since 2003, SKY Italia had been prohibited from owning a DTT frequency or providing a pay television DTT offer under a commitment made to the European Commission (the “EC”) through December 31, 2011. In July 2010, the EC modified this restriction to allow SKY Italia to bid for one DTT frequency. However, if SKY Italia were to successfully bid for such a DTT frequency, the EC would limit SKY Italia’s use of such frequency to exclusively free-to-air channels for 5 years subsequent to its acquisition.

SKY Italia’s most significant operating expenses are those related to the acquisition of entertainment, movie and sports programming and subscribers and the production and expenses related to operating the technical facilities. Operating expenses related to sports programming are generally recognized over the course of the related sport season, which may cause fluctuations in the operating results of this segment.

Publishing

The Company’s Publishing segment consists of the Company’s newspapers and information services, book publishing and integrated marketing services businesses.

Revenue is derived from the sale of advertising space, newspapers, books and subscriptions, as well as licensing. Adverse changes in general market conditions for advertising may affect revenues. Circulation and subscription revenues can be greatly affected by changes in the prices of the Company’s and/or competitors’ products, as well as by promotional activities.

Operating expenses include costs related to paper, production, distribution, editorial, commissions and royalties. Selling, general and administrative expenses include promotional expenses, salaries, employee benefits, rent and other routine overhead. The Company expects that advancements in technology will introduce new challenges and opportunities for digital distribution by the publishing businesses.

The Publishing segment’s advertising volume, circulation and the price of paper are the key variables whose fluctuations can have a material effect on the Company’s operating results and cash flow. The Company has to anticipate the level of advertising volume, circulation and paper prices in managing its businesses to maximize operating profit during expanding and contracting economic cycles. Paper is a basic commodity and its price is sensitive to the balance of supply and demand. The Company’s costs and expenses are affected by the cyclical increases and decreases in the price of paper. The Publishing segment’s products compete for readership and advertising with local and national competitors and also compete with other media alternatives in their respective markets. Competition for circulation and subscriptions are based on the content of the products provided, service, pricing and, from time to time, various promotions. The success of these products depends upon advertisers’ judgments as to the most effective use of their advertising budgets. Competition for advertising is based upon the reach of the products, advertising rates and advertiser results. Such judgments are based on factors such as cost, availability of alternative media, distribution and quality of readership demographics. The Company believes that competition from new media formats and sources and shifting consumer preferences will continue to pose challenges for the Publishing segment’s businesses.

 

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Other

The Other segment consists primarily of:

Digital Media Group

The Company sells advertising, sponsorships and subscription services on the Company’s various digital media properties. Significant expenses associated with the Company’s digital media properties include development costs, advertising and promotional expenses, salaries, employee benefits and other routine overhead. The Company sold Myspace in June 2011.

Wireless Generation

Wireless Generation, the Company’s education technology business, provides data systems and professional services that enable teachers to use data to assess student progress and deliver individualized instruction. Significant expenses associated with the Company’s education technology business include salaries, employee benefits and other routine overhead.

News Outdoor

News Outdoor sells outdoor advertising space on various media, primarily in Russia. Significant expenses associated with the News Outdoor business include site lease costs, direct production, maintenance and installation expenses, salaries, employee benefits and other routine overhead. The Company sold its outdoor advertising businesses in Russia and Romania in July 2011.

Other Business Developments

In June 2010, the Company announced that it had proposed to the board of directors of British Sky Broadcasting Group plc (“BSkyB”), in which the Company currently has an approximate 39% interest, to make a cash offer of 700 pence per share for the BSkyB shares that the Company does not already own. Following the allegations regarding News of the World, on July 13, 2011, the Company announced that it no longer intended to make an offer for the BSkyB shares that the Company does not already own. As a result of the July 2011 announcement, the Company paid BSkyB a breakup fee of approximately $63 million in accordance with a cooperation agreement between the parties.

During fiscal 2011, the Company acquired an additional interest in Asianet Communications Limited (“Asianet”), an Asian general entertainment television joint venture, for approximately $92 million in cash. As a result of this transaction, the Company increased its interest in Asianet to 75% from the 51% it owned at June 30, 2010.

In August 2010, the Company increased its investment in Tata Sky Ltd. (“Tata Sky”) for approximately $88 million in cash. As a result of this transaction, the Company increased its interest in Tata Sky to approximately 30% from the 20% it owned at June 30, 2010.

In fiscal 2011, the Company agreed to backstop €400 million (approximately $525 million), of financing measures that were being initiated by Sky Deutschland of which approximately €342 million (approximately $450 million) has been completed. As part of these financing measures, the Company acquired 108 million additional shares of Sky Deutschland, increasing its ownership from approximately 45% to 49.9%. The aggregate cost of the shares acquired by the Company was approximately €115 million (approximately $150 million) and the shares were newly registered shares issued pursuant to the total capital increase.

In addition, in accordance with the backstop, the Company agreed with Sky Deutschland to subscribe to a bond issuance that is convertible for up to 53.9 million underlying Sky Deutschland shares. The convertible bond was issued to the Company in January 2011 for approximately €165 million (approximately $225 million). The

 

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Company currently has the right to convert the bond into equity, subject to certain black-out periods. If not converted, the Company will have the option to redeem the bond for cash upon its maturity in four years. The remaining amount under the backstop of approximately €58 million (approximately $75 million), must be funded prior to December 2011 and will be provided as a loan to the extent Sky Deutschland does not generate other proceeds through capital increases or convertible bond issuances. The Company has also agreed to loan Sky Deutschland approximately $70 million to support the launch of a sports news channel. The Company expects to fund these amounts in fiscal 2012.

In November 2010, the Company formed a joint venture with China Media Capital (“CMC”), a media investment fund in China, to explore new growth opportunities. The Company transferred the equity and related assets of its STAR China business along with the Fortune Star Chinese movie library with a combined market value of approximately $140 million and CMC paid cash of approximately $74 million to the Company. Following this transaction, CMC holds a 53% controlling stake in the joint venture and the Company holds a 47% stake.

In December 2010, the Company disposed of the Fox Mobile Group (“Fox Mobile”).

In fiscal 2011, the Company acquired Wireless Generation, an education technology company, for cash. Total consideration was approximately $390 million, which included the equity purchase price and the repayment of Wireless Generation’s outstanding debt.

In April 2011, the Company acquired Shine Limited (“Shine”), an international television production company, for cash. The total consideration for this acquisition included (i) approximately $480 million for the acquisition of the equity, of which approximately $60 million has been set aside in escrow to satisfy any indemnification obligations, (ii) the repayment of Shine’s outstanding debt of approximately $135 million and (iii) net liabilities assumed. Elisabeth Murdoch, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Shine, and daughter of Mr. K. R. Murdoch and sister of Messrs. Lachlan and James Murdoch, received approximately $214 million in cash at closing in consideration for her majority ownership interest in Shine, and is entitled to her proportionate share of amounts that are released from escrow.

In June 2011, the Company transferred the equity and related assets of Myspace to a digital media company in exchange for a minority equity interest in the acquirer. As a result of this transaction, the Company’s interest in the acquirer is now accounted for under the cost method of accounting.

In July 2011, the Company announced that it would close its publication, News of the World, after allegations of phone hacking and payments to police. As a result of these allegations, the Company is subject to several ongoing investigations by U.K. and U.S. regulators and governmental authorities, including investigations into whether similar conduct may have occurred at the Company’s subsidiaries outside of the U.K. The Company is fully cooperating with these investigations. In addition, the Company has admitted liability in a number of civil cases related to the phone hacking allegations and has settled a number of cases. The Company has taken steps to solve the problems relating to News of the World including the creation and establishment of an independent Management & Standards Committee (the “MSC”), which will have oversight of, and take responsibility for, all matters in relation to the News of the World phone hacking case, police payments and all other connected issues at News International Group Limited (“News International”), including as they may relate to other News International publications. The MSC appointed an independent Chairman, Lord Grabiner QC, and will report directly to Joel Klein, Executive Vice President and a director of the Company, who in turn will report to Viet Dinh, an independent director and Chairman of the Company’s Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. Both directors will update the Company’s Board of Directors. The MSC will ensure full cooperation with all relevant investigations and inquiries into News of the World matters and all other related issues across News International and will conduct its own internal investigations where appropriate. The MSC will also be responsible for reviewing existing compliance systems and for proposing and overseeing the implementation of new compliance, ethics and governance procedures at News International. The Company has engaged outside counsel to assist it in responding to U.K. and U.S. governmental inquiries.

 

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In July 2011, the Company sold its majority interest in its outdoor advertising businesses in Russia and Romania for approximately $360 million. The Company expects to record a gain related to the sale of this business during the first quarter of fiscal 2012.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Results of Operations—Fiscal 2011 versus Fiscal 2010

The following table sets forth the Company’s operating results for fiscal 2011 as compared to fiscal 2010.

 

     For the years ended June 30,  
     2011     2010     Change     % Change  
     ($ millions)        

Revenues

   $ 33,405      $ 32,778      $ 627        2

Operating expenses

     (21,058     (21,015     (43        

Selling, general and administrative

     (6,306     (6,619     313        (5 )% 

Depreciation and amortization

     (1,191     (1,185     (6     1

Impairment and restructuring charges

     (313     (253     (60     24

Equity earnings of affiliates

     462        448        14        3

Interest expense, net

     (966     (991     25        (3 )% 

Interest income

     126        91        35        38

Other, net

     18        69        (51     (74 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations before income tax expense

     4,177        3,323        854        26

Income tax expense

     (1,029     (679     (350     52
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

     3,148        2,644        504        19

Loss on disposition of discontinued operations, net of tax

     (254     —          (254     *
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

     2,894        2,644        250        9

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (155     (105     (50     48
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to News Corporation stockholders

   $ 2,739      $ 2,539      $ 200        8
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

** not meaningful

Overview—The Company’s revenues increased 2% for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 as compared to fiscal 2010. The increase was primarily due to revenue increases at the Cable Network Programming, Television and Publishing segments. The Cable Network Programming segment’s revenues increased primarily due to increases in net affiliate and advertising revenues. The increase at the Television segment was primarily due to advertising revenues from the Super Bowl which was broadcast on FOX in fiscal 2011, higher pricing resulting from improvements in the advertising markets and higher comparative political advertising due to the 2010 mid-term elections. The revenue increase at the Publishing segment was primarily due to favorable foreign exchange fluctuations and higher advertising and circulation revenues at The Wall Street Journal. These revenue increases were partially offset by revenue decreases at the Filmed Entertainment and Other segments. Revenues at the Filmed Entertainment segment decreased primarily due to lower worldwide theatrical and home entertainment revenues resulting principally from the inclusion in fiscal 2010 of the releases of Avatar and Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs with no comparable releases in fiscal 2011. The decrease at the Other segment was primarily the result of lower advertising and search revenues at Myspace.

Operating expenses increased $43 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 as compared to fiscal 2010 primarily due to higher programming costs at the Cable Network Programming segment as well as higher programming costs at the Television segment due to the broadcast of the Super Bowl partially offset by lower amortization of production costs and lower participation costs at the Filmed Entertainment segment due to the fiscal 2010 releases of Avatar and Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs with no comparable releases in fiscal 2011.

Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased 5% for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 as compared to fiscal 2010 due to lower litigation settlement costs at the Publishing segment.

 

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Depreciation and amortization for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 increased $6 million as compared to fiscal 2010 as additional depreciation and amortization from the fiscal 2011 acquisitions was partially offset by certain assets becoming fully depreciated or amortized and the absence of depreciation and amortization related to businesses disposed of in fiscal 2010 and 2011.

Impairment and restructuring charges—As discussed in Note 9—Goodwill and Intangible Assets to the accompanying consolidated financial statements, during the second quarter of fiscal 2011, the Company performed an interim impairment assessment of the Digital Media Group reporting unit’s goodwill. As a result of the review performed, the Company recorded a non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $168 million during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011.

As discussed in Note 4—Restructuring Programs to the accompanying consolidated financial statements, the Company recorded restructuring charges of approximately $145 million in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011. The restructuring charges primarily reflect a $115 million charge related to the Company’s digital media properties and $25 million related to termination benefits recorded at the newspaper businesses. The charges at the Company’s digital media properties were a result of an organizational restructuring to align resources more closely with business priorities and consisted of facility related costs of $95 million, termination benefits of $18 million and other associated costs of $2 million.

During fiscal 2010, the Company determined that it was more likely than not that it would sell or dispose its News Outdoor and Fox Mobile businesses which are considered reporting units under ASC 350 “Intangibles—Goodwill and Other” (“ASC 350”). In connection with such potential sales, the Company reviewed these businesses for impairment and recognized a non-cash impairment charge of $200 million in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010. The impairment charge consisted of a write-down of $52 million in finite-lived intangible assets, a write-down of $137 million in goodwill and a write-down of fixed assets of $11 million. Fox Mobile was sold in fiscal 2011 and News Outdoor was sold in July 2011.

During fiscal 2010, the Company recorded approximately $53 million of restructuring charges in the consolidated statements of operations. The restructuring charges reflect an $18 million charge related to the sales and distribution operations of the STAR channels, a $19 million charge related to termination benefits recorded at the newspaper businesses, a $7 million charge related to the restructuring program at Fox Mobile and $9 million of accretion on facility termination obligations.

Equity earnings of affiliatesEquity earnings of affiliates for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 increased $14 million as compared to fiscal 2010. The increase in equity earnings from the Company’s Other equity affiliates of $74 million was primarily due to a gain related to the disposal of a business at NDS during fiscal 2011. The decrease in equity earnings from the Company’s DBS equity affiliates of $36 million was primarily due to lower contributions from BSkyB resulting from the absence of a gain related to the partial sale of its ITV investment and the absence of a favorable litigation settlement in fiscal 2010, partially offset by higher subscription revenues and a gain related to a business disposal in fiscal 2011. The decrease in equity earnings from the Company’s Cable channel equity affiliates of $24 million was primarily due to higher sports programming costs.

 

     For the years ended June 30,  
     2011      2010      Change     % Change  
     ($ millions)        

DBS equity affiliates

   $ 305       $ 341       $ (36     (11 )% 

Cable channel equity affiliates

     42         66         (24     (36 )% 

Other equity affiliates

     115         41         74        *
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity earnings of affiliates

   $ 462       $ 448       $ 14        3
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

** not meaningful

 

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Interest expense, netInterest expense, net for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 decreased $25 million as compared to fiscal 2010, primarily due to the redemption of the Company’s 0.75% Senior Exchangeable BUCS and 5% TOPrS in fiscal 2010. This decrease was partially offset by interest expense related to the $2.5 billion in senior notes issued in February 2011.

Interest income—Interest income for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 increased by $35 million as compared to fiscal 2010, primarily due to higher cash balances.

Other, net—

 

     For the years  ended
June 30,
 
             2011                     2010          
     (in millions)  

Gain on STAR China transaction (a)

   $ 55      $ —     

Loss on disposal of Fox Mobile (a)

     (29     —     

Loss on early extinguishment of debt (b)

     (36     —     

Gain on the sale of eastern European television stations (a)

     —          195   

Gain (loss) on the financial indexes business transaction (a)

     43        (23

Loss on Photobucket transaction (a)

     —          (32

Impairment of cost based investments (c)

     —          (3

Change in fair value of exchangeable and convertible securities (c)(d)

     46        3   

Other

     (61     (71
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Other, net

   $ 18      $ 69   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(a) 

See Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation.

(b) 

See Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation.

(c) 

See Note 6 to the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation.

(d) 

The Company had certain exchangeable debt securities which contained embedded derivatives. Pursuant to ASC 815 “Derivatives and Hedging” (“ASC 815”), these embedded derivatives were not designated as hedges and, as such, changes in their fair value were recognized in Other, net in the consolidated statements of operations. The Company redeemed the exchangeable debt securities in fiscal 2010. (See Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation.)

Income tax expense—The Company’s tax provision and related tax rate for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 were lower than the statutory rate primarily due to permanent differences, the tax benefit related to the disposition of assets and the resolution of tax matters.

The Company’s tax provision and related tax rate for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 were lower than the statutory rate primarily due to the recognition of prior year tax credits, permanent differences and the recognition of tax assets on the disposition of certain assets. The recognition of prior year tax credits relates to the Company’s election to credit certain prior year taxes instead of claiming deductions.

Loss on disposition of discontinued operations, net of tax—In June 2011, the Company transferred the equity and related assets of Myspace to a digital media company in exchange for an equity interest in the acquirer. The loss on this transaction was approximately $254 million, net of a tax benefit of $61 million, or ($0.10) per diluted share and was included in loss on disposition of discontinued operations, net of tax in the consolidated statements of operations for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011.

Net income—Net income increased for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 as compared to fiscal 2010, primarily due to the higher revenues and lower litigation settlement costs noted above, partially offset by the loss on the Myspace transaction.

 

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Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests—Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests increased for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 as compared to fiscal 2010, primarily due to higher results at the Company’s majority owned businesses.

Segment Analysis:

The following table sets forth the Company’s revenues and segment operating income for fiscal 2011 as compared to fiscal 2010.

 

     For the years ended June 30,  
     2011     2010     Change     % Change  
     ($ millions)        

Revenues:

        

Cable Network Programming

   $ 8,037      $ 7,038      $ 999        14

Filmed Entertainment

     6,899        7,631        (732     (10 )% 

Television

     4,778        4,228        550        13

Direct Broadcast Satellite Television

     3,761        3,802        (41     (1 )% 

Publishing

     8,826        8,548        278        3

Other

     1,104        1,531        (427     (28 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 33,405      $ 32,778      $ 627        2
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment operating income (loss):

        

Cable Network Programming

   $ 2,760      $ 2,268      $ 492        22

Filmed Entertainment

     927        1,349        (422     (31 )% 

Television

     681        220        461        *

Direct Broadcast Satellite Television

     232        230        2        1

Publishing

     864        467        397        85

Other

     (614     (575     (39     7
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total segment operating income

   $ 4,850      $ 3,959      $ 891        23
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

** not meaningful

Management believes that total segment operating income is an appropriate measure for evaluating the operating performance of the Company’s business segments because it is the primary measure used by the Company’s chief operating decision maker to evaluate the performance and allocate resources within the Company’s businesses. Total segment operating income provides management, investors and equity analysts a measure to analyze operating performance of each of the Company’s business segments and its enterprise value against historical data and competitors’ data, although historical results may not be indicative of future results (as operating performance is highly contingent on many factors, including customer tastes and preferences). The following table reconciles total segment operating income to income from continuing operations before income tax expense.

 

     For the years  ended
June 30,
 
         2011             2010      
     (in millions)  

Total segment operating income

   $ 4,850      $ 3,959   

Impairment and restructuring charges

     (313     (253

Equity earnings of affiliates

     462        448   

Interest expense, net

     (966     (991

Interest income

     126        91   

Other, net

     18        69   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations before income tax expense

   $ 4,177      $ 3,323   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Cable Network Programming (24% and 21% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in fiscal 2011 and 2010, respectively)

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011, revenues at the Cable Network Programming segment increased $999 million, or 14%, as compared to fiscal 2010, primarily due to higher net affiliate and advertising revenues. Domestic net affiliate and advertising revenues increased 10% and 17%, respectively, primarily due to increases at the RSNs, FOX News and FX. International net affiliate and advertising revenues increased 20% and 22%, respectively.

The domestic net affiliate revenue increase for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 was primarily due to higher average rates per subscriber and a higher number of subscribers. The increase in domestic advertising revenues was primarily due to higher pricing, ratings growth and additional commercial spots sold.

The increase in international net affiliate revenues for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 was primarily due to higher net affiliate revenues at FIC resulting primarily from increases in the number of subscribers at existing channels. The increase in international advertising revenues was primarily due to increases at STAR and FIC. The higher advertising revenues at STAR were primarily due to the strengthening of the advertising market in India and higher ratings. The strengthening of the worldwide advertising markets led to improvements at existing FIC channels in Asia and Latin America.

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011, operating income at the Cable Network Programming segment increased $492 million, or 22%, as compared to fiscal 2010, primarily due to the revenue increases noted above. The revenue increases were partially offset by a $507 million increase in expenses, primarily due to higher sports rights amortization and higher entertainment programming costs.

Filmed Entertainment (21% and 23% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in fiscal 2011 and 2010, respectively)

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011, revenues at the Filmed Entertainment segment decreased $732 million, or 10%, as compared to fiscal 2010. The revenue decrease was primarily driven by the successful worldwide theatrical and home entertainment releases of Avatar, Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs and Alvin and the Chipmunks: The Squeakquel during fiscal 2010 as compared to the worldwide theatrical and home entertainment releases of The Chronicles of Narnia: Voyage of the Dawn Treader, and Black Swan and the worldwide theatrical release of Rio in fiscal 2011. The revenue decreases noted above were partially offset by higher contributions from Twentieth Century Fox Television and the inclusion of revenues from Shine which was acquired in fiscal 2011. The revenue increase at Twentieth Century Fox Television was primarily due to higher home entertainment, international television and digital distribution revenues from Glee, Modern Family, Sons of Anarchy, initial syndication revenues from How I Met Your Mother and American Dad and revenues from the Glee concert tour.

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011, the Filmed Entertainment segment operating income decreased $422 million, or 31%, as compared to fiscal 2010, primarily due to the revenue decreases noted above, partially offset by lower amortization of production and participation costs.

Television (14% and 13% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in fiscal 2011 and 2010, respectively)

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011, Television segment revenues increased $550 million, or 13%, as compared to fiscal 2010. The increase was primarily due to increased advertising revenues at the television stations owned by the Company and at FOX as well as higher retransmission consent revenues. The advertising revenue increase reflects the broadcast of the Super Bowl, which was not broadcast on FOX in fiscal 2010, higher revenues from NFL regular season games, higher pricing resulting from improvements in the advertising

 

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markets, particularly in the automotive and financial sectors and higher comparative political advertising due to the 2010 mid-term elections. These revenue increases were partially offset by the absence of revenue from the broadcast of the Bowl Championship Series (“BCS”) games which were broadcast on FOX in fiscal 2010 and lower MLB advertising revenues due to lower post-season ratings and the broadcast of one less post-season game.

The Television segment reported an increase in operating income for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 of $461 million as compared to fiscal 2010. The increase was primarily due to the revenue increases noted above, lower prime-time entertainment programming costs and the absence of BCS programming costs, partially offset by higher NFL programming costs due to the broadcast of the Super Bowl.

Direct Broadcast Satellite Television (11% and 12% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in fiscal 2011 and 2010, respectively)

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011, SKY Italia’s revenues decreased $41 million, or 1%, as compared to fiscal 2010, due to unfavorable foreign exchange movements. SKY Italia had an increase of approximately 230,000 subscribers during fiscal 2011, bringing the total subscriber base to 4.97 million at June 30, 2011. Revenue, on a local currency basis, was consistent with fiscal 2010 as higher subscription revenues were offset by lower advertising revenues, primarily due to the absence of the FIFA World Cup. The total churn for fiscal 2011 was approximately 508,000 subscribers on an average subscriber base of 4.9 million, as compared to churn of approximately 630,000 subscribers on an average subscriber base of 4.8 million in fiscal 2010. Subscriber churn for the period represents the number of SKY Italia subscribers whose service was disconnected during the period. During the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011, the strengthening of the U.S. dollar against the Euro resulted in a decrease in revenues of approximately 2% as compared to fiscal 2010.

Average revenue per subscriber (“ARPU”) of approximately €43 in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 was consistent with fiscal 2010. SKY Italia calculates ARPU by dividing total subscriber-related revenues for the period by the average subscribers for the period and dividing that amount by the number of months in the period. Subscriber-related revenues are comprised of total subscription revenue, pay-per-view revenue and equipment rental revenue for the period. Average subscribers are calculated for the respective periods by adding the beginning and ending subscribers for the period and dividing by two.

Subscriber acquisition costs per subscriber (“SAC”) of approximately €335 in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 increased from fiscal 2010, primarily due to higher average installation costs related to an increased penetration of high definition personal video recorder set-top boxes. SAC is calculated by dividing total subscriber acquisition costs for a period by the number of gross SKY Italia subscribers added during the period. Subscriber acquisition costs include the cost of the commissions paid to retailers and other distributors, the cost of equipment sold directly by SKY Italia to subscribers and the costs related to installation and acquisition advertising, net of any upfront activation fee. SKY Italia excludes the value of equipment capitalized under SKY Italia’s equipment lease program, as well as payments and the value of returned equipment related to disconnected lease program subscribers from subscriber acquisition costs.

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011, SKY Italia’s operating income increased $2 million, or 1%, as compared to fiscal 2010, as lower programming expenses related to FIFA World Cup and Olympic Games which occurred in fiscal 2010, were offset by the lower revenues noted above and higher installation costs.

Publishing (27% and 26% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in fiscal 2011 and 2010, respectively)

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011, revenues at the Publishing segment increased $278 million, or 3%, as compared to fiscal 2010. The increase in revenues was primarily due to increased revenues at the Australian newspapers due to favorable foreign exchange fluctuations and higher advertising and circulation revenues at The

 

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Wall Street Journal. These revenue increases were partially offset by the absence of revenues from the financial indexes business which was disposed of in fiscal 2010, lower book sales due to fewer new releases and lower licensing fees resulting from a settlement received at HarperCollins in fiscal 2010. The weakening of the U.S. dollar against the Australian dollar and British pound sterling resulted in a revenue increase of approximately $309 million, or 4%, for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 as compared to fiscal 2010.

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011, operating income at the Publishing segment increased $397 million, or 85%, as compared to fiscal 2010. The increase in operating income was primarily due to lower litigation settlement costs at the Company’s integrated marketing services business and favorable foreign exchange fluctuations at the Australian and United Kingdom newspapers. The weakening of the U.S. dollar against the Australian dollar and British pound sterling resulted in an operating income increase of approximately $50 million, or 11%, for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 as compared to fiscal 2010.

Other (3% and 5% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in fiscal 2011 and 2010, respectively)

Revenues at the Other segment decreased $427 million, or 28%, for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011, as compared to fiscal 2010. The decrease was primarily due to decreased revenues from the Company’s digital media properties of $342 million, principally due to lower advertising and search revenues at Myspace.The decrease was also due to the absence of revenue related to the eastern European television stations disposed of in fiscal 2010 of $86 million and lower revenues from Fox Mobile of $146 million due to its fiscal 2011 disposition. The revenue decreases were partially offset by increased revenues at News Outdoor and the inclusion of revenues from Wireless Generation which was acquired in fiscal 2011.

Operating results for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 decreased $39 million, or 7%, as compared to fiscal 2010, primarily due to lower operating results from the Company’s digital media properties, principally resulting from the revenue declines noted above. These decreases were partially offset by lower operating losses from Fox Mobile and Fox Audience Network resulting from their fiscal 2011 dispositions and improved operating results at News Outdoor.

Results of Operations—Fiscal 2010 versus Fiscal 2009

The following table sets forth the Company’s operating results for fiscal 2010 as compared to fiscal 2009.

 

     For the years ended June 30,  
     2010     2009     Change     % Change  
     ($ millions)        

Revenues

   $ 32,778      $ 30,423      $ 2,355        8

Operating expenses

     (21,015     (19,563     (1,452     7

Selling, general and administrative

     (6,619     (6,164     (455     7

Depreciation and amortization

     (1,185     (1,138     (47     4

Impairment and restructuring charges

     (253     (9,208     8,955        *

Equity earnings (losses) of affiliates

     448        (309     757        *

Interest expense, net

     (991     (927     (64     7

Interest income

     91        91        —             

Other, net

     69        1,256        (1,187     (95 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income tax expense

     3,323        (5,539     8,862        *

Income tax (expense) benefit

     (679     2,229        (2,908     *
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

     2,644        (3,310     5,954        *

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (105     (68     (37     54
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to News Corporation stockholders

   $ 2,539      $ (3,378   $ 5,917        *
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

** not meaningful

 

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Overview—The Company’s revenues increased 8% for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 as compared to fiscal 2009. The increase was primarily due to revenue increases at the Filmed Entertainment, Cable Network Programming and Publishing segments. Filmed Entertainment segment revenues increased primarily due to increased worldwide theatrical and home entertainment revenues. The increase at the Cable Network Programming segment was primarily due to increases in net affiliate and advertising revenues. The increase at the Publishing segment was primarily due to favorable foreign exchange fluctuations. These revenue increases were partially offset by decreased revenues at the Other segment, primarily due to decreased revenues at the Company’s digital media properties and the sale of a portion of the Company’s ownership stake in NDS Group plc (“NDS”) in February 2009. As a result of the sale, the Company’s portion of NDS’s operating results subsequent to February 2009 is included within Equity earnings (losses) of affiliates.

Operating expenses for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 increased 7% as compared to fiscal 2009. The increase was primarily due to increased amortization of production costs and higher participation costs at the Filmed Entertainment segment and higher programming costs at the Television, Cable Network Programming and DBS segments, as well as unfavorable foreign exchange fluctuations. These increases were partially offset by the absence of costs related to NDS in the Other segment, reflecting the sale of a portion of the Company’s NDS ownership stake as noted above, as well as the effect of company-wide cost containment initiatives.

Selling, general and administrative expenses for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 increased 7% as compared to fiscal 2009. This increase was primarily due to a $500 million charge related to the legal settlement with Valassis Communications, Inc. (“Valassis”) at the Publishing segment, partially offset by the absence of costs related to NDS as noted above and the effects of company-wide cost containment initiatives.

Depreciation and amortization increased 4% for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 as compared to fiscal 2009. The increase was primarily due to higher depreciation at the DBS segment resulting from increased depreciation of set-top boxes and unfavorable foreign exchange fluctuations, which was partially offset by the absence of depreciation and amortization related to NDS.

Impairment and restructuring charges—As discussed in Note 9 to the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation, the Company determined that it was more likely than not that its News Outdoor and Fox Mobile businesses which are considered reporting units under ASC 350, would be sold or disposed. In connection with such potential sales, the Company reviewed these businesses for impairment and recognized a non-cash impairment charge of $200 million in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010. The impairment charge consisted of a write-down of $52 million in finite-lived intangible assets, a write-down of $137 million in goodwill and a write-down of fixed assets of $11 million.

As discussed in Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation, the Company recorded approximately $53 million of restructuring charges in the consolidated statements of operations in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010. The restructuring charges reflect an $18 million charge related to the sales and distribution operations of the STAR channels, a $19 million charge related to termination benefits recorded at the newspaper businesses, a $7 million charge related to the restructuring program at Fox Mobile and $9 million of accretion on facility termination obligations.

During fiscal 2009, the Company performed an interim impairment review in advance of its annual impairment assessment because the Company believed events had occurred and circumstances had changed that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of the Company’s goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets below their carrying amounts. These events included: (a) the decline of the price of the Company’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock below the carrying value of the Company’s stockholders’ equity; (b) the reduced growth in advertising revenues; (c) the decline in the operating profit margins in some of the Company’s advertising-based businesses; and (d) the decline in the valuations of other television stations, newspapers and advertising-based companies as determined by the current trading values of those companies. In addition, the Company performed an annual impairment assessment of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets.

 

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As a result of the impairment reviews performed, the Company recorded non-cash impairment charges of approximately $8.9 billion ($7.2 billion, net of tax) during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2009. The charges consisted of a write-down of the Company’s indefinite-lived intangible assets (primarily FCC licenses in the Television segment) of $4.6 billion, a write-down of $4.1 billion of goodwill and a write-down of the Publishing segment’s fixed assets of $185 million.

During the fiscal year ended June 30, 2009, the Company recorded restructuring charges of approximately $312 million. These restructuring charges reflect a number of the Company’s businesses that implemented a series of operational restructuring actions to address the Company’s cost structure, including the restructuring of the Company’s digital media properties to align resources more closely with business priorities. This restructuring program included significant job reductions, both domestically and internationally, to enable the businesses to operate on a more cost effective basis. In conjunction with this restructuring program, the Company also eliminated excess facility requirements. In fiscal 2009, several other businesses of the Company implemented similar plans, including the U.K. and Australian newspapers, HarperCollins, MyNetworkTV and Fox Television Stations.

Equity earnings (losses) of affiliates—Equity earnings of affiliates increased $757 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 as compared to fiscal 2009, primarily due to higher contributions from BSkyB as a result of a favorable litigation settlement, as well as a gain recognized by BSkyB on the sale of a portion of its investment in ITV and the absence of write-downs related to ITV recorded by BSkyB during fiscal 2009. Also contributing to the increase was the absence of a $422 million write-down of the Company’s investment in Sky Deutschland recorded in fiscal 2009.

 

     For the years ended June 30,  
     2010      2009     Change      % Change  
     ($ millions)         

DBS equity affiliates

   $ 341       $ (374   $ 715         *

Cable channel equity affiliates

     66         59        7         12

Other equity affiliates

     41         6        35         *
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total equity (losses) earnings of affiliates

   $ 448       $ (309   $ 757         *
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

** not meaningful

Interest expense, net—Interest expense, net for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 increased $64 million as compared to the fiscal year ended June 30, 2009, primarily due to the issuance of borrowings in February 2009 and August 2009. This increase was partially offset by the retirement of $200 million and $150 million of the Company’s borrowings in October 2008 and March 2010, respectively.

Other, net—

 

     For the years  ended
June 30,
 
         2010             2009      
     (in millions)  

Gain (loss) on the sale of eastern European television stations (a)

   $ 195      $ (100

Loss on the financial indexes business transaction (a)

     (23     —     

Loss on Photobucket transaction (a)

     (32     —     

Gain on sale of NDS shares (a)

     —          1,249   

Gain on the sale of the Stations (a)

     —          232   

Impairment of cost based investments (b)

     (3     (113

Change in fair value of exchangeable securities (c)

     3        77   

Other

     (71     (89
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Other, net

   $ 69      $ 1,256   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

 

(a) 

See Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation.

(b) 

See Note 6 to the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation.

(c) 

The Company had certain exchangeable debt securities which contained embedded derivatives. Pursuant to ASC 815, these embedded derivatives were not designated as hedges and, as such, changes in their fair value were recognized in Other, net in the consolidated statements of operations. The Company redeemed the exchangeable debt securities in fiscal 2010. (See Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation.)

Income tax (expense) benefit—The Company’s tax provision and related tax rate for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 were lower than the statutory rate primarily due to the recognition of prior year tax credits, permanent differences and the recognition of tax assets on the disposition of certain assets. The recognition of prior year tax credits relates to the Company’s election to credit certain prior year taxes instead of claiming deductions.

The Company’s tax provision and related tax rate for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2009 were different from the statutory rate primarily due to the recognition of a non-cash benefit related to the reduction of accruals for uncertain positions resulting from the resolution of certain tax matters and a permanent difference on the gain on the sale of a portion of a subsidiary. The tax provision and tax rate for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2009 reflect these items, which were offset in part by the non-deductible goodwill included within the impairment charges taken in fiscal 2009.

Net income (loss)—Net income increased for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 as compared to fiscal 2009. The increase was primarily due to a reduction in impairment charges recorded in fiscal 2010, as well as the higher revenues and equity earnings of affiliates as noted above. This increase was partially offset by the litigation settlement charge recorded in fiscal 2010, the absence of the gain on the sale of a portion of the Company’s ownership stake in NDS in February 2009, the gain on the sale of eight of the Company’s television stations in July 2008 and the non-cash tax benefit in fiscal 2009 noted above.

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests—Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests increased for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 as compared to fiscal 2009, primarily due to higher results at the Company’s majority owned businesses. This increase was partially offset by the absence of income from NDS due to the sale of a portion of the Company’s ownership stake in February 2009, resulting in the Company’s remaining interest in NDS being accounted for under the equity method of accounting.

 

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Segment Analysis:

The following table sets forth the Company’s revenues and segment operating income for fiscal 2010 as compared to fiscal 2009.

 

     For the years ended June 30,  
     2010     2009     Change     % Change  
           ($ millions)              

Revenues:

        

Cable Network Programming

   $ 7,038      $ 6,131      $ 907        15

Filmed Entertainment

     7,631        5,936        1,695        29

Television

     4,228        4,051        177        4

Direct Broadcast Satellite Television

     3,802        3,760        42        1

Publishing

     8,548        8,167        381        5

Other

     1,531        2,378        (847     (36 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 32,778      $ 30,423      $ 2,355        8
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment operating income (loss):

        

Cable Network Programming

   $ 2,268      $ 1,653      $ 615        37

Filmed Entertainment

     1,349        848        501        59

Television

     220        191        29        15

Direct Broadcast Satellite Television

     230        393        (163     (41 )% 

Publishing

     467        836        (369     (44 )% 

Other

     (575     (363     (212     58
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total segment operating income

   $ 3,959      $ 3,558      $ 401        11
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Management believes that total segment operating income is an appropriate measure for evaluating the operating performance of the Company’s business segments because it is the primary measure used by the Company’s chief operating decision maker to evaluate the performance and allocate resources within the Company’s businesses. Total segment operating income provides management, investors and equity analysts a measure to analyze operating performance of each of the Company’s business segments and its enterprise value against historical data and competitors’ data, although historical results may not be indicative of future results (as operating performance is highly contingent on many factors, including customer tastes and preferences). The following table reconciles total segment operating income to income (loss) before income tax expense.

 

     For the years  ended
June 30,
 
         2010             2009      
     (in millions)  

Total segment operating income

   $ 3,959      $ 3,558   

Impairment and restructuring charges

     (253     (9,208

Equity earnings (losses) of affiliates

     448        (309

Interest expense, net

     (991     (927

Interest income

     91        91   

Other, net

     69        1,256   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income tax expense

   $ 3,323      $ (5,539
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cable Network Programming (21% and 20% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in fiscal 2010 and 2009, respectively)

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, revenues at the Cable Network Programming segment increased $907 million, or 15%, as compared to fiscal 2009. Revenue increased 14% and 18% at the domestic and international cable channels, respectively, primarily due to higher net affiliate and advertising revenues.

 

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Domestic net affiliate and advertising revenues increased 19% and 3%, respectively, primarily due to increases at FOX News, the RSNs and FX. International net affiliate and advertising revenues increased 15% and 25%, respectively, primarily due to increases at FIC and STAR.

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, FOX News’ revenues increased 23% as compared to fiscal 2009, primarily due to increases in net affiliate and advertising revenues. Net affiliate revenues increased 40% as compared to fiscal 2009, primarily due to higher average rates per subscriber and a higher number of subscribers. Advertising revenues increased 9% as compared to fiscal 2009, primarily due to higher pricing.

The RSNs’ revenues increased 12% for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 as compared to fiscal 2009 driven by higher net affiliate and advertising revenues. Net affiliate revenues increased 14% as compared to fiscal 2009, primarily due to higher average rates per subscriber and a higher number of subscribers. Advertising revenues increased 3% as compared to fiscal 2009, primarily due to higher National Basketball Association, MLB and collegiate football revenues resulting from higher pricing and additional commercial spots sold.

The Company’s international cable operations’ revenues increased 18% as compared to fiscal 2009, primarily due to higher advertising revenues at STAR, as well as higher net affiliate and advertising revenues at FIC. The higher advertising revenues at STAR were primarily due to the strengthening of the advertising market in India and improved performance at the regional channels, while the strengthening of the worldwide advertising markets led to improvements at FIC. The higher net affiliate revenues at FIC resulted from increases in subscribers at existing channels in Europe and Latin America.

FX’s revenues increased 11% for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 as compared to fiscal 2009, primarily due to higher net affiliate and advertising revenues. Net affiliate revenues increased 16% for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, primarily due to higher average rates per subscriber. Advertising revenues for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 increased 3% as compared to fiscal 2009, primarily due to additional commercial spots sold.

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, operating income at the Cable Network Programming segment increased $615 million, or 37%, as compared to fiscal 2009, primarily due to the revenue increases noted above. Also contributing to this increase was the absence of a $30 million settlement relating to the termination of a distribution agreement at the Company’s international cable operations in fiscal 2009. These increases were partially offset by a $292 million increase in expenses, primarily due to higher movie acquisition costs, sports rights amortization and original programming costs.

Filmed Entertainment (23% and 20% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in fiscal 2010 and 2009, respectively)

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, revenues at the Filmed Entertainment segment increased $1,695 million, or 29%, as compared to fiscal 2009, primarily due to increased worldwide theatrical and home entertainment revenues. The revenue increase was primarily driven by the successful worldwide theatrical and home entertainment releases of Avatar, Alvin and the Chipmunks: The Squeakquel and Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs, as well as the worldwide theatrical release of Date Night. Also contributing to the increase in revenues were the home entertainment releases of X-Men Origins: Wolverine and Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian.

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, the Filmed Entertainment segment operating income increased $501 million, or 59%, as compared to fiscal 2009, primarily due to the revenue increases noted above, partially offset by increased amortization of production costs, higher participation and releasing costs and higher home entertainment manufacturing and marketing costs.

 

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Television (13% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in fiscal 2010 and 2009)

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, Television segment revenues increased $177 million, or 4%, as compared to fiscal 2009. The increase was primarily due to higher advertising revenues at the television stations owned by the Company as a result of higher pricing due to continued improvements in the advertising market, partially offset by lower political advertising revenues due to the absence of advertising revenues related to the 2008 presidential election. In addition, higher NFL and MLB revenues due to increased post-season ratings were more than offset by the absence of revenue from the Bowl Championship Series National Championship, which was broadcast on FOX in fiscal 2009, and lower ratings for NASCAR.

The Television segment reported an increase in operating income for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 of $29 million, or 15%, as compared to fiscal 2009. The increase in operating income was primarily the result of the revenue increases noted above and the effects of cost containment initiatives, as well as improved operating results at MyNetworkTV, partially offset by higher prime-time entertainment programming and sports costs at FOX.

Direct Broadcast Satellite Television (12% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in fiscal 2010 and 2009)

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, SKY Italia’s revenues increased $42 million, or 1%, as compared to fiscal 2009, as increases from higher advertising revenues primarily due to the FIFA World Cup and favorable foreign exchange fluctuations, were partially offset by lower pay-per-view and other revenues. The number of SKY Italia subscribers decreased by approximately 56,000 during fiscal 2010, bringing the total subscriber base to 4.7 million at June 30, 2010. The total churn for fiscal 2010 was approximately 630,000 subscribers on an average subscriber base of 4.8 million, as compared to churn of approximately 635,000 subscribers on an average subscriber base of 4.7 million in fiscal 2009. Subscriber churn for the period represents the number of SKY Italia subscribers whose service was disconnected during the period. During the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, the weakening of the U.S. dollar against the Euro resulted in an increase in revenue of approximately 1% as compared to fiscal 2009.

ARPU of approximately €43 in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 decreased from approximately €44 in fiscal 2009. The decrease in ARPU for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, was primarily due to lower average tier mix and reduced pay-per-view revenue.

SAC of approximately €310 in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 increased from fiscal 2009, primarily due to higher marketing costs on a per subscriber basis.

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, SKY Italia’s operating income decreased $163 million, or 41%, as compared to fiscal 2009, resulting from higher sports rights amortization, primarily due to the 2010 FIFA World Cup and Winter Olympics, and increased set-top box depreciation. During the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, the weakening of the U.S. dollar against the Euro resulted in a decrease in operating income of approximately 4% as compared to fiscal 2009.

Publishing (26% and 27% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in fiscal 2010 and 2009, respectively)

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, revenues at the Publishing segment increased $381 million, or 5%, as compared to fiscal 2009. The increase in revenue was primarily due to favorable foreign exchange fluctuations at the Australian newspapers, increased book sales and higher integrated marketing services revenues.

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, revenues at the Company’s newspapers and information services businesses increased $229 million, or 4%, as compared to fiscal 2009 primarily due to favorable foreign exchange fluctuations at the Australian newspapers and higher circulation revenues at The Wall Street Journal

 

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due to higher pricing. The increase in revenues was partially offset by lower circulation revenues at the Company’s U.K newspapers and a decrease in revenue from the disposition of the financial indexes businesses at Dow Jones. The weakening of the U.S. dollar against local currencies, primarily the Australian Dollar, resulted in revenue and operating income increases of approximately 6% and 13%, respectively, for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010.

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, revenues at the Company’s book publishing business increased $128 million, or 11%, as compared to fiscal 2009, primarily due to higher sales at the General Books and Children’s divisions and favorable foreign exchange fluctuations. Also contributing to the increase during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 were revenues from licensing fees received from a settlement. The increase at the General Books division was primarily due to the success of Going Rogue by Sarah Palin and higher electronic book sales. Strong sales of Where the Wild Things Are by Maurice Sendak, The Vampire Diaries by L.J. Smith and LA Candy by Lauren Conrad led to the increase at the Children’s division. During the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, HarperCollins had 164 titles on The New York Times Bestseller List with 19 titles reaching the number one position.

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, revenues at the Company’s integrated marketing service businesses increased $24 million, or 2%, as compared to fiscal 2009. The increase in revenues was primarily due to increases in volume and rates of in-store marketing products sold, partially offset by lower revenues for free-standing insert products.

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, operating income at the Publishing segment decreased $369 million, or 44%, as compared to fiscal 2009. The decrease in operating income was primarily due to the $500 million charge relating to the settlement of the Valassis litigation and higher royalty and manufacturing costs resulting from higher book sales. The operating income decrease was partially offset by the revenue increases noted above, as well as the impact of cost containment initiatives and lower newspaper production costs.

Other (5% and 8% of the Company’s consolidated revenues in fiscal 2010 and 2009, respectively)

Revenues at the Other segment decreased $847 million, or 36%, for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, as compared to fiscal 2009, primarily due to decreased revenues from NDS and the Company’s digital media properties. The decrease at NDS of $413 million was due to the absence of revenues for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, reflecting the sale of a portion of the Company’s ownership stake in NDS in February 2009. As a result of the sale, the Company’s portion of NDS’s operating results subsequent to February 2009 is included within Equity earnings (losses) of affiliates. The revenue decrease at the Company’s digital media properties of $276 million was principally due to lower search and advertising revenues.

Operating results for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 decreased $212 million, or 58%, as compared to fiscal 2009. The decrease was primarily due to lower operating results from NDS and the Company’s digital media properties. The decrease at NDS was due to the absence of $121 million of operating income during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, resulting from the sale of a portion of the Company’s ownership stake in NDS as noted above. The decrease at the Company’s digital media properties of $135 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 was primarily due to the revenue declines noted above, partially offset by cost containment initiatives.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Current Financial Condition

The Company’s principal source of liquidity is internally generated funds. The Company also has a $2.25 billion revolving credit facility, which expires in May 2012, and has access to various film co-production alternatives to supplement its cash flows. In addition, the Company has access to the worldwide capital markets,

 

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subject to market conditions. As of June 30, 2011, the availability under the revolving credit facility was reduced by stand-by letters of credit issued which totaled approximately $77 million. As of June 30, 2011, the Company was in compliance with all of the covenants under the revolving credit facility, and it does not anticipate any violation of such covenants. The Company’s internally generated funds are highly dependent upon the state of the advertising markets and public acceptance of its film and television products.

The principal uses of cash that affect the Company’s liquidity position include the following: investments in the production and distribution of new feature films and television programs; the acquisition of and payments under programming rights for entertainment and sports programming; paper purchases; operational expenditures including employee costs; capital expenditures; interest expenses; income tax payments; investments in associated entities; dividends; acquisitions; debt repayments; and stock repurchases.

The Company has evaluated, and expects to continue to evaluate, possible acquisitions and dispositions of certain businesses. Such transactions may be material and may involve cash, the Company’s securities or the assumption of additional indebtedness.

Sources and Uses of CashFiscal 2011 vs. Fiscal 2010

Net cash provided by operating activities for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 is as follows (in millions):

 

For the years ended June 30,

   2011      2010  

Net cash provided by operating activities

   $ 4,471       $ 3,854   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The increase in net cash provided by operating activities during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 as compared to fiscal 2010 was primarily due to higher affiliate receipts at the Cable Network Programming segment, higher collections at the DBS segment, higher advertising receipts at the Television segment, lower litigation settlement payments at the Publishing segment and lower pension contributions. These increases were partially offset by lower worldwide theatrical receipts, due to the absence of Avatar, and higher production spending at the Filmed Entertainment segment, lower receipts at the digital media properties due to lower advertising and search revenues and higher tax payments.

Net cash used in investing activities for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 is as follows (in millions):

 

For the years ended June 30,

   2011     2010  

Net cash used in investing activities

   $ (2,247   $ (313
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The increase in net cash used in investing activities during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 as compared to fiscal 2010 was primarily due to the absence of proceeds from the sale of the financial indexes businesses and the majority of the Company’s eastern European television stations which were sold in fiscal 2010, cash utilized for the Company’s acquisitions of Shine and Wireless Generation in fiscal 2011 and higher capital expenditures. The increase in capital expenditures was primarily due to higher equipment purchases at the DBS segment and higher facility and equipment purchases at the Publishing segment.

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 is as follows (in millions):

 

For the years ended June 30,

   2011      2010  

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

   $ 1,360       $ (1,445
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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The change in net cash provided by financing activities for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 as compared to the net cash used in financing activities for fiscal 2010 was primarily due to higher borrowings and lower repayments of borrowings. During fiscal 2011, News America Incorporated, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, (“NAI”), issued $2.5 billion in senior notes as compared to fiscal 2010 which included the issuance of $1.0 billion in senior notes. During fiscal 2011, NAI redeemed a portion of its 9.25% Senior Debentures due in February 2013 for $262 million and $82 million of its LYONs. The Company also repaid approximately $134 million assumed as part of the Shine acquisition in fiscal 2011. In fiscal 2010, NAI redeemed its 0.75% Senior Exchangeable BUCS for $1.6 billion, its 5% TOPrS for $134 million and its 4.75% Senior Notes due March 2010 for $150 million.

The total dividends declared related to fiscal 2011 results were $0.17 per share of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock. In August 2011, the Company declared the final dividend on fiscal 2011 results of $0.095 per share for Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock. This together with the interim dividend of $0.075 per share of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock constitute the total dividend relating to fiscal 2011.

Based on the number of shares outstanding as of June 30, 2011, the total aggregate cash dividends expected to be paid to stockholders in fiscal 2012 is approximately $450 million.

Sources and Uses of CashFiscal 2010 vs. Fiscal 2009

Net cash provided by operating activities for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2010 and 2009 is as follows (in millions):

 

For the years ended June 30,

   2010      2009  

Net cash provided by operating activities

   $ 3,854       $ 2,248   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The increase in net cash provided by operating activities during fiscal 2010 as compared to fiscal 2009 primarily reflects higher profits and worldwide theatrical receipts at the Filmed Entertainment segment, higher affiliate receipts at the Cable Network Programming segment, higher receipts at the book publishing business and lower tax payments. The increase was partially offset by the $500 million payment relating to the settlement of the Valassis litigation, higher payments for programming rights, higher pension contributions and higher interest payments.

Net cash used in investing activities for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2010 and 2009 is as follows (in millions):

 

For the years ended June 30,

   2010     2009  

Net cash used in investing activities

   $ (313   $ (627
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 decreased as compared to fiscal 2009, primarily due to a reduction in cash used for acquisitions and lower property, plant and equipment purchases. This was partially offset by lower cash proceeds from disposals. Fiscal 2009 included proceeds from the sale of eight of the Company’s television stations and a portion of the Company’s interest in NDS. Fiscal 2010 included cash proceeds of $840 million related to the disposition of the financial indexes businesses and $372 million related to the sale of a majority of the Company’s eastern European television stations.

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2010 and 2009 is as follows (in millions):

 

For the years ended June 30,

   2010     2009  

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

   $ (1,445   $ 315   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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The change in net cash used in financing activities during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 as compared to net cash provided in fiscal 2009 was primarily due to the redemption of the Company’s 0.75% Senior Exchangeable BUCS and 5% TOPrS, as well as the repayment of $150 million Senior Notes due March 2010. The increase in cash used in financing activities was partially offset by the issuance of $600 million 6.90% Senior Notes due 2039 and $400 million 5.65% Senior Notes due 2020 in August 2009.

The total dividends declared related to fiscal 2010 results were $0.15 per share of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock. In August 2010, the Company declared the final dividend on fiscal 2010 results of $0.075 per share for Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock. This together with the interim dividend of $0.075 per share of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock constitute the total dividend relating to fiscal 2010.

Debt Instruments

Borrowings (1)

 

     Years ended June 30,  
     2011     2010     2009  
     (in millions)  

Borrowings

      

Notes due February 2041

   $ 1,469      $ —        $ —     

Notes due February 2021

     984        —          —     

Notes due August 2039

     —          593        —     

Notes due August 2020

     —          396        —     

Notes due March 2019

     —          —          690   

Notes due March 2039

     —          —          283   

Bank loans

     —          —          30   

All other

     18        38        37   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total borrowings

   $ 2,471      $ 1,027      $ 1,040   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Repayments of borrowings

      

Senior Debentures due February 2013

   $ (262   $ —        $ —     

Debt assumed in Shine acquisition (2)

     (134     —          —     

LYONs

     (82     —          —     

BUCS (3)

     —          (1,655     —     

TOPrS (3)

     —          (134     —     

Notes due March 2010

     —          (150     —     

Notes due October 2008

     —          —          (200

Bank loans

     (46     (82     (64

All other

     (33     (59     (79
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total repayment of borrowings

   $ (557   $ (2,080   $ (343
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) 

See Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation for information with respect to borrowings.

(2) 

See Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation for information with respect to the Shine acquisition.

(3) 

See Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation for information with respect to the redemptions of the BUCS and TOPrS.

 

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Ratings of the Public Debt

The table below summarizes the Company’s credit ratings as of June 30, 2011.

 

Rating Agency

   Senior Debt   

Outlook

Moody’s

   Baa1    Stable

S&P

   BBB+    Stable

In July 2011, S&P’s Ratings Services placed the Company’s BBB+ corporate credit rating on CreditWatch with negative implications. Moody’s Investors Service reaffirmed the Company’s corporate credit rating of Baa1 in July 2011.

Revolving Credit Agreement

In May 2007, NAI, entered into a credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”), among NAI as Borrower, the Company as Parent Guarantor, the lenders named therein (the “Lenders”), Citibank, N.A. as Administrative Agent and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. as Syndication Agent. The Credit Agreement provides a $2.25 billion unsecured revolving credit facility with a sub-limit of $600 million available for the issuance of letters of credit and has a maturity date of May 2012. Borrowings are in U.S. dollars only, while letters of credit are issuable in U.S. dollars or Euros. The significant terms of the agreement include the requirement that the Company maintain specific leverage ratios and limitations on secured indebtedness. NAI pays a facility fee of 0.08% regardless of facility usage. NAI pays interest for borrowings at LIBOR plus 0.27% and pays commission fees on letters of credit at 0.27%. NAI pays an additional fee of 0.05% if borrowings under the facility exceed 50% of the committed facility. The interest and fees are based on the Company’s current debt rating. As of June 30, 2011, approximately $77 million in standby letters of credit, for the benefit of third parties, were outstanding.

Commitments and Guarantees

The Company has commitments under certain firm contractual arrangements (“firm commitments”) to make future payments. These firm commitments secure the future rights to various assets and services to be used in the normal course of operations. The following table summarizes the Company’s material firm commitments as of June 30, 2011.

 

     As of June 30, 2011  
     Payments Due by Period  
     Total      1 year      2-3 years      4-5 years      After  5
years
 
     (in millions)  

Contracts for capital expenditure

   $ 490       $ 408       $ 47       $ 32       $ 3   

Operating leases (a)

              

Land and buildings

     2,746         371         644         546         1,185   

Plant and machinery

     1,781         251         455         342         733   

Other commitments

              

Borrowings

     15,495         32         434         950         14,079   

Sports programming rights (b)

     20,493         3,412         5,283         2,441         9,357   

Entertainment programming rights

     3,756         1,847         1,330         436         143   

Other commitments and contractual obligations (c)

     4,371         1,002         1,374         604         1,391   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total commitments, borrowings and contractual obligations

   $ 49,132       $ 7,323       $ 9,567       $ 5,351       $ 26,891   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company also has certain contractual arrangements in relation to certain investees that would require the Company to make payments or provide funding if certain circumstances occur (“contingent guarantees”). The Company does not expect that these contingent guarantees will result in any material amounts being paid by the

 

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Company in the foreseeable future. The timing of the amounts presented in the table below reflect when the maximum contingent guarantees will expire and does not indicate that the Company expects to incur an obligation to make payments during that time frame.

 

    As of June 30, 2011  

Contingent guarantees:

  Total
Amounts
Committed
    Amount of Guarantees Expiration Per Period  
    1 year     2-3 years     4-5 years     After  5
years
 
    (in millions)  

Sports programming rights (d)

  $ 308      $ 15      $ 131      $ 162      $ —     

Indemnity (e)

    801        27        54        54        666   

Letters of credit and other

    249        249        —          —          —     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
  $ 1,358      $ 291      $ 185      $ 216      $ 666   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(a) 

The Company leases transponders, office facilities, warehouse facilities, printing plants, equipment and microwave transmitters used to carry broadcast signals. These leases, which are classified as operating leases, expire at certain dates through fiscal 2090.

(b) 

The Company’s contract with MLB gives the Company rights to broadcast certain regular season and post season games, as well as exclusive rights to broadcast MLB’s World Series and All-Star Game through the 2013 MLB season.

Under the Company’s contract with NFL, remaining future minimum payments for program rights to broadcast certain football games are payable over the remaining term of the contract through fiscal 2014.

The Company’s contracts with NASCAR give the Company rights to broadcast certain races and ancillary content through calendar year 2014.

Under the Company’s contracts with certain collegiate conferences, remaining future minimum payments for program rights to broadcast certain sporting events are payable over the remaining terms of the contracts.

Under the Company’s contract with Italy’s National League Football, remaining future minimum payments for programming rights to broadcast National League Football matches are payable over the remaining term of the contract through fiscal 2017.

In addition, the Company has certain other local sports broadcasting rights.

 

(c) 

Primarily includes obligations relating to third party printing contracts, television rating services and paper purchase obligations.

(d) 

A joint-venture in which the Company owns a 50% equity interest entered into an agreement for global programming rights. Under the terms of the agreement, the Company and the other joint-venture partner have jointly guaranteed the programming rights obligation.

(e) 

In connection with the transaction related to the Dow Jones financial index businesses, the Company agreed to indemnify CME with respect to any payments of principal, premium and interest CME makes under its guarantee of the venture financing. (See Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation for further discussion of this transaction.)

The table excludes the Company’s pension, other postretirement benefits (“OPEB”) obligations and the gross unrecognized tax benefits for uncertain tax positions as the Company is unable to reasonably predict the ultimate amount and timing. The Company made contributions of $158 million and $338 million to its pension plans in fiscal 2011 and fiscal 2010, respectively. The majority of these contributions were voluntarily made to improve the funding status of the plans. Future plan contributions are dependent upon actual plan asset returns and interest rates and statutory requirements. Assuming that actual plan asset returns are consistent with the Company’s expected plan returns in fiscal 2011 and beyond, and that interest rates remain constant, the Company would not be required to make any material contributions to its U.S. pension plans for the immediate future. The

 

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Company expects to make a combination of voluntary contributions and statutory contributions of approximately $50 million to its pension plans in fiscal 2012. Payments due to participants under the Company’s pension plans are primarily paid out of underlying trusts. Payments due under the Company’s OPEB plans are not required to be funded in advance, but are paid as medical costs are incurred by covered retiree populations, and are principally dependent upon the future cost of retiree medical benefits under the Company’s pension plans. The Company expects its net OPEB payments to approximate $18 million in fiscal 2012. (See Note 17 to the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation for further discussion of the Company’s pension and OPEB plans.)

Contingencies

Other than as disclosed in the notes to the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation, the Company is party to several purchase and sale arrangements which become exercisable over the next ten years by the Company or the counter-party to the agreement. In the next twelve months, none of these arrangements that become exercisable are material. Purchase arrangements that are exercisable by the counter-party to the agreement, and that are outside the sole control of the Company, are accounted for in accordance with ASC 480-10-S99-3A “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity.” Accordingly, the fair values of such purchase arrangements are classified in redeemable noncontrolling interests.

As disclosed in the notes to the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation, U.K. and U.S. regulators and governmental authorities are conducting investigations after allegations of phone hacking and inappropriate payments to police at our former publication, News of the World, and other related matters, including investigations into whether similar conduct may have occurred at the Company’s subsidiaries outside of the U.K. The Company is cooperating fully with these investigations. It is possible that these proceedings could damage our reputation and might impair our ability to conduct our business.

The Company is not able to predict the ultimate outcome or cost associated with these investigations. Violations of law may result in civil, administrative or criminal fines or penalties. The Company has admitted liability in a number of civil cases related to the phone hacking allegations and has settled a number of cases. At June 30, 2011, the Company has provided for its best estimate of the liability for the claims that have been filed. The Company has announced a process under which parties can pursue claims against the Company, and management believes that it is probable that additional claims will be filed. It is not possible to estimate the liability for such additional claims given the early stage of this matter and the information that is currently available to the Company. If more claims are filed and additional information becomes available, the Company will update the provision for such matters. Any fees, expenses, fines, penalties, judgments or settlements which might be incurred by the Company in connection with the various proceedings could affect the Company’s results of operations and financial condition.

The Company’s operations are subject to tax in various domestic and international jurisdictions and as a matter of course, the Company is regularly audited by federal, state and foreign tax authorities. The Company believes it has appropriately accrued for the expected outcome of all pending tax matters and does not currently anticipate that the ultimate resolution of pending tax matters will have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial condition, future results of operations or liquidity.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

An accounting policy is considered to be critical if it is important to the Company’s financial condition and results and if it requires significant judgment and estimates on the part of management in its application. The development and selection of these critical accounting policies have been determined by management of the Company and the related disclosures have been reviewed with the Audit Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors. For the Company’s summary of significant accounting policies, see Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation.

 

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Use of Estimates

The preparation of the Company’s consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts that are reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying disclosures. Although these estimates are based on management’s best knowledge of current events and actions that the Company may undertake in the future, actual results may differ from the estimates.

Revenue Recognition

Television, Cable Network Programming and Direct Broadcast Satellite—Advertising revenue is recognized as the commercials are aired, net of agency commissions. Subscriber fees received from subscribers, cable systems and DBS operators are recognized as revenue in the period that services are provided, net of amortization of cable distribution investments, in the case of Cable Network Programming revenues. The Company defers the cable distribution investments and amortizes the amounts on a straight-line basis over the contract period.

Filmed Entertainment—Revenues from distribution of feature films are recognized in accordance with ASC 926. Revenues from the theatrical distribution of motion pictures are recognized as they are exhibited and revenues from DVD and Blu-ray sales, net of a reserve for estimated returns, are recognized on the date that DVD and Blu-ray units are made widely available for sale by retailers and all Company-imposed restrictions on the sale of DVD and Blu-ray units have expired. Revenues from television distribution are recognized when the motion picture or television program is made available to the licensee for broadcast.

Management bases its estimates of ultimate revenue for each film on the historical performance of similar films, incorporating factors such as the past box office record of the lead actors and actresses, the genre of the film, pre-release market research (including test market screenings) and the expected number of theaters in which the film will be released. Management updates such estimates based on information available on the actual results of each film through its life cycle.

License agreements for the broadcast of theatrical and television product in the broadcast network, syndicated television and cable television markets are routinely entered into in advance of their available date for broadcast. Cash received and amounts billed in connection with such contractual rights for which revenue is not yet recognizable is classified as deferred revenue. Because deferred revenue generally relates to contracts for the licensing of theatrical and television product which have already been produced, the recognition of revenue for such completed product is principally only dependent upon the commencement of the availability period for broadcast under the terms of the related licensing agreement.

Filmed Entertainment and Television Programming Costs

Accounting for the production and distribution of motion pictures and television programming is in accordance with ASC 926, which requires management’s judgment as it relates to total revenues to be received and costs to be incurred throughout the life of each program or its license period. These judgments are used to determine the amortization of capitalized filmed entertainment and television programming costs, the expensing of participation and residual costs associated with revenues earned and any fair value adjustments.

In accordance with ASC 926, the Company amortizes filmed entertainment and television programming costs using the individual-film-forecast method. Under the individual-film-forecast method, such programming costs are amortized for each film or television program in the ratio that current period actual revenue for such title bears to management’s estimated ultimate revenue as of the beginning of the current fiscal year to be recognized over approximately a six year period or operating profits to be realized from all media and markets for such title. Management bases its estimates of ultimate revenue for each film on factors such as historical performance of similar films, the star power of the lead actors and actresses and once released actual results of

 

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each film. For each television program, management bases its estimates of ultimate revenue on the performance of the television programming in the initial markets, the existence of future firm commitments to sell additional episodes of the program and the past performance of similar television programs. Management regularly reviews, and revises when necessary, its total revenue estimates on a title-by-title basis, which may result in a change in the rate of amortization and/or a write-down of the asset to fair value.

The costs of national sports contracts at FOX and for international sports rights agreements are charged to expense based on the ratio of each period’s operating profit to estimated total remaining operating profit of the contract. Estimates of total operating profit can change and accordingly, are reviewed periodically and amortization is adjusted as necessary. Such changes in the future could be material.

The costs of local and regional sports contracts for a specified number of events are amortized on an event-by-event basis, while costs for local and regional sports contracts for a specified season are amortized over the season on a straight-line basis.

Original cable programming is amortized on an accelerated basis. Management regularly reviews, and revises when necessary, its total revenue estimates on a contract basis, which may result in a change in the rate of amortization and/or a write-down of the asset to fair value.

Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment are recorded at cost and are depreciated on a straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of such assets. Changes in circumstances, such as technological advances, changes to the Company’s business model or capital strategy, could result in the actual useful lives differing from the Company’s estimates. In those cases, where the Company determines that the useful life of buildings and equipment should be shortened, the Company would depreciate the asset over its revised remaining useful life thereby increasing depreciation expense.

Intangible Assets

The Company has a significant amount of intangible assets, including goodwill, FCC licenses, and other copyright products and trademarks. Intangible assets acquired in business combinations are recorded at their estimated fair value at the date of acquisition. Goodwill is recorded as the difference between the cost of acquiring an entity and the estimated fair values assigned to its tangible and identifiable intangible net assets and is assigned to one or more reporting units for purposes of testing for impairment. The judgments made in determining the estimated fair value assigned to each class of intangible assets acquired, their reporting unit, as well as their useful lives can significantly impact net income.

The Company accounts for its business acquisitions under the purchase method of accounting. The total cost of acquisitions is allocated to the underlying net assets, based on their respective estimated fair values. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of the tangible net assets acquired is recorded as intangibles. Amounts recorded as goodwill are assigned to one or more reporting units. Determining the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed requires management’s judgment and often involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions, including assumptions with respect to future cash inflows and outflows, discount rates, asset lives and market multiples, among other items. Identifying reporting units and assigning goodwill to them requires judgment involving the aggregation of business units with similar economic characteristics and the identification of existing business units that benefit from the acquired goodwill. The Company allocates goodwill to disposed businesses using the relative fair value method.

Carrying values of goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite lives are reviewed at least annually for possible impairment in accordance with ASC 350. The Company’s impairment review is based on, among other methods, a discounted cash flow approach that requires significant management judgments. The Company uses

 

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its judgment in assessing whether assets may have become impaired between annual valuations. Indicators such as unexpected adverse economic factors, unanticipated technological change or competitive activities, loss of key personnel and acts by governments and courts, may signal that an asset has become impaired.

The Company uses the direct valuation method to value identifiable intangibles for purchase accounting and impairment testing. The direct valuation method used for FCC licenses requires, among other inputs, the use of published industry data that are based on subjective judgments about future advertising revenues in the markets where the Company owns television stations. This method also involves the use of management’s judgment in estimating an appropriate discount rate reflecting the risk of a market participant in the U.S. broadcast industry. The resulting fair values for FCC licenses are sensitive to these long-term assumptions and any variations to such assumptions could result in an impairment to existing carrying values in future periods and such impairment could be material.

The Company’s goodwill impairment reviews are determined using a two-step process. The first step of the process is to compare the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill. In performing the first step, the Company determines the fair value of a reporting unit by primarily using a discounted cash flow analysis and market-based valuation approach methodologies. Determining fair value requires the exercise of significant judgments, including judgments about appropriate discount rates, perpetual growth rates, relevant comparable company earnings multiples and the amount and timing of expected future cash flows. The cash flows employed in the analyses are based on the Company’s estimated outlook and various growth rates have been assumed for years beyond the long-term business plan period. Discount rate assumptions are based on an assessment of the risk inherent in the future cash flows of the respective reporting units. In assessing the reasonableness of its determined fair values, the Company evaluates its results against other value indicators, such as comparable public company trading values. If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds its carrying amount, goodwill of the reporting unit is not impaired and the second step of the impairment review is not necessary. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the second step of the goodwill impairment review is required to be performed to estimate the implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill. The implied fair value of goodwill is determined in the same manner as the amount of goodwill recognized in a business combination. That is, the estimated fair value of the reporting unit is allocated to all of the assets and liabilities of that unit (including any unrecognized intangible assets) as if the reporting unit had been acquired in a business combination and the estimated fair value of the reporting unit was the purchase price paid. The implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill is compared with the carrying amount of that goodwill. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit’s goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of that goodwill, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to that excess.

During fiscal 2011, the Company recorded an impairment charge for its Digital Media Group which is considered a reporting unit under ASC 350. The Company continues to monitor this reporting unit due to the impairment charges recorded in fiscal 2011. Goodwill at risk for future impairment related to this reporting unit totaled $243 million as of June 30, 2011. The Company will continue to monitor its goodwill and intangible assets for possible future impairment.

Income Taxes

The Company is subject to income taxes in the U.S. and numerous foreign jurisdictions in which it operates. The Company computes its annual tax rate based on the statutory tax rates and tax planning opportunities available to it in the various jurisdictions in which it earns income. Tax laws are complex and subject to different interpretations by the taxpayer and respective governmental taxing authorities. Significant judgment is required in determining the Company’s tax expense and in evaluating its tax positions including evaluating uncertainties under ASC 740 “Income Taxes”.

The Company records valuation allowances to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that is more likely than not to be realized. In making this assessment, management analyzes future taxable income, reversing temporary differences and ongoing tax planning strategies. Should a change in circumstances lead to a change in

 

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judgment about the realizability of deferred tax assets in future years, the Company would adjust related valuation allowances in the period that the change in circumstances occurs, along with a corresponding increase or charge to income.

Employee Costs

The measurement and recognition of costs of the Company’s various pension and other postretirement benefit plans require the use of significant management judgments, including discount rates, expected return on plan assets, future compensation and other actuarial assumptions.

The Company maintains defined benefit pension plans covering a significant number of its employees and retirees. The primary plans are closed to new participants. For financial reporting purposes, net periodic pension expense (income) is calculated based upon a number of actuarial assumptions, including a discount rate for plan obligations and an expected rate of return on plan assets. The Company considers current market conditions, including changes in investment returns and interest rates, in making these assumptions. In developing the expected long-term rate of return, the Company considered the pension portfolio’s past average rate of returns, and future return expectations of the various asset classes. The expected long-term rate of return is based on an asset allocation assumption of 50% equities, 39% fixed-income securities and 11% in cash and other investments.

The discount rate reflects the market rate for high-quality fixed-income investments on the Company’s annual measurement date of June 30 and is subject to change each fiscal year. The discount rate assumptions used to account for pension and other postretirement benefit plans reflect the rates at which the benefit obligations could be effectively settled. The rate was determined by matching the Company’s expected benefit payments for the primary plans to a hypothetical yield curve developed using a portfolio of several hundred high-quality non-callable corporate bonds.

The key assumptions used in developing the Company’s fiscal 2011, 2010 and 2009 net periodic pension expense (income) for its plans consist of the following:

 

     2011     2010     2009  
     ($ in millions)  

Discount rate used to determine net periodic benefit cost

     5.7     7.0     6.7

Assets:

      

Expected rate of return

     7.0     7.0     7.0

Expected return

   $ 171      $ 138      $ 143   

Actual return

   $ 326      $ 237      $ (230
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gain/(Loss)

   $ 155      $ 99      $ (373

One year actual return

     13.7     12.7     (10.8 )% 

Five year actual return

     4.4     3.9     3.5

The weighted average discount rate is volatile from year to year because it is determined based upon the prevailing rates in the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia as of the measurement date. The Company will utilize a weighted average discount rate of 5.7% in calculating the fiscal 2012 net periodic pension expense for its plans. The Company will continue to use a weighted average long-term rate of return of 7% for fiscal 2012 based principally on a combination of asset mix and historical experience of actual plan returns. The accumulated net losses on the Company’s pension plans at June 30, 2011 were $835 million which decreased from $940 million at June 30, 2010. This decrease of $105 million was due primarily to an actual plan asset return of 13.7% in fiscal 2011, which was higher than the expected rate of return of 7%, and loss amortization in fiscal 2011. The net accumulated losses at June 30, 2011 were primarily the result of changes in discount rates and deferred asset losses. Lower discount rates increase present values of benefit obligations and increase the Company’s deferred losses and also increase subsequent-year pension expense. Higher discount rates decrease

 

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the present values of benefit obligations and reduce the Company’s accumulated net loss and also decrease subsequent-year pension expense. These deferred losses are being systematically recognized into future net periodic pension expense in accordance with ASC 715 “Compensation—Retirement Benefits.” Unrecognized losses in excess of 10% of the greater of the market-related value of plan assets or the plans projected benefit obligation are recognized over the average future service of the plan participants.

The Company made contributions of $158 million, $338 million and $214 million to its pension plans in fiscal 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The majority of these contributions were voluntarily made to improve the funding status of the plans which were impacted by the economic conditions noted above. Future plan contributions are dependent upon actual plan asset returns, statutory requirements and interest rate movements. Assuming that actual plan returns are consistent with the Company’s expected plan returns in fiscal 2011 and beyond, and that interest rates remain constant, the Company would not be required to make any material statutory contributions to its primary U.S. pension plans for the immediate future. The Company will continue to make voluntary contributions as necessary to improve funded status.

Changes in net periodic pension expense may occur in the future due to changes in the Company’s expected rate of return on plan assets and discount rate resulting from economic events. The following table highlights the sensitivity of the Company’s pension obligations and expense to changes in these assumptions, assuming all other assumptions remain constant:

 

Changes in Assumption

  

Impact on Annual
Pension Expense

  

Impact on PBO

0.25 percentage point decrease in
discount rate

   Increase $16 million    Increase $128 million

0.25 percentage point increase in
discount rate

   Decrease $16 million    Decrease $128 million

0.25 percentage point decrease in
expected rate of return on assets

   Increase $7 million                —  

0.25 percentage point increase in
expected rate of return on assets

   Decrease $7 million                —  

Fiscal 2012 net periodic pension expense for the Company’s pension plans is expected to be approximately $146 million as compared to $168 million for fiscal 2011. The decrease is primarily due to an improved asset return which reduces the amount of deferred losses recognized in net periodic pension expense as noted above.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

See Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation for discussion of recent accounting pronouncements.

 

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ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

The Company has exposure to several types of market risk: changes in foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates, and stock prices. The Company neither holds nor issues financial instruments for trading purposes.

The following sections provide quantitative information on the Company’s exposure to foreign currency exchange rate risk, interest rate risk and stock price risk. The Company makes use of sensitivity analyses that are inherently limited in estimating actual losses in fair value that can occur from changes in market conditions.

Foreign Currency Exchange Rates

The Company conducts operations in four principal currencies: the U.S. dollar; the British pound sterling; the Euro; and the Australian dollar. These currencies operate as the functional currency for the Company’s U.S., United Kingdom, Italian and Australian operations, respectively. Cash is managed centrally within each of the four regions with net earnings reinvested locally and working capital requirements met from existing liquid funds. To the extent such funds are not sufficient to meet working capital requirements, draw downs in the appropriate local currency are available from intercompany borrowings. Since earnings of the Company’s Australian, United Kingdom and Italian operations are expected to be reinvested in those businesses indefinitely, the Company does not hedge its investment in the net assets of those foreign operations.

At June 30, 2011, the Company’s outstanding financial instruments with foreign currency exchange rate risk exposure had an aggregate fair value of $193 million (including the Company’s non-U.S. dollar-denominated fixed rate debt). The potential increase in the fair values of these instruments resulting from a 10% adverse change in quoted foreign currency exchange rates would be approximately $79 million at June 30, 2011.

Interest Rates

The Company’s current financing arrangements and facilities include approximately $15.5 billion of outstanding fixed-rate debt and the Credit Agreement, which carries variable rates. Fixed and variable rate debts are impacted differently by changes in interest rates. A change in the interest rate or yield of fixed rate debt will only impact the fair market value of such debt, while a change in the interest rate of variable debt will impact interest expense, as well as the amount of cash required to service such debt. As of June 30, 2011, substantially all of the Company’s financial instruments with exposure to interest rate risk were denominated in U.S. dollars and had an aggregate fair value of approximately $17.2 billion. The potential change in fair market value for these financial instruments from an adverse 10% change in quoted interest rates across all maturities, often referred to as a parallel shift in the yield curve, would be approximately $1 billion at June 30, 2011.

Stock Prices

The Company has common stock investments in several publicly traded companies that are subject to market price volatility. These investments principally represent the Company’s equity affiliates and had an aggregate fair value of approximately $12.5 billion as of June 30, 2011. A hypothetical decrease in the market price of these investments of 10% would result in a fair value of approximately $11.2 billion. Such a hypothetical decrease would result in a before tax decrease in comprehensive income of approximately $36 million, as any changes in fair value of the Company’s equity affiliates are not recognized unless deemed other-than-temporary, as these investments are accounted for under the equity method.

Credit Risk

Cash and cash equivalents are maintained with several financial institutions. Deposits held with banks may exceed the amount of insurance provided on such deposits. Generally, these deposits may be redeemed upon demand and are maintained with financial institutions of reputable credit and, therefore, bear minimal credit risk.

 

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The Company’s receivables did not represent significant concentrations of credit risk at June 30, 2011 or 2010 due to the wide variety of customers, markets and geographic areas to which the Company’s products and services are sold.

The Company monitors its positions with, and the credit quality of, the financial institutions which are counterparties to its financial instruments. The Company is exposed to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by the counterparties to the agreements. At June 30, 2011, the Company did not anticipate nonperformance by any of the counterparties.

 

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ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

NEWS CORPORATION

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

     Page

Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

   79

Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

   80

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2011, 2010 and 2009

   82

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2011 and 2010

   83

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2011, 2010 and 2009

   84

Consolidated Statements of Equity and Other Comprehensive Income for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2011, 2010 and 2009

  

85

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

   86

 

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MANAGEMENT’S REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING

Management of News Corporation is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. News Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The Company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that:

 

   

pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of News Corporation;

 

   

provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America;

 

   

provide reasonable assurance that receipts and expenditures of News Corporation are being made only in accordance with authorization of management and directors of News Corporation; and

 

   

provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of assets that could have a material effect on the consolidated financial statements.

Internal control over financial reporting includes the controls themselves, monitoring and internal auditing practices and actions taken to correct deficiencies as identified.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting, no matter how well designed, may not prevent or detect misstatements. Accordingly, even effective internal control over financial reporting can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation. Also, the assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting was made as of a specific date. Projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Management, including the Company’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer, conducted an assessment of the effectiveness of News Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2011, based on criteria for effective internal control over financial reporting described in “Internal Control—Integrated Framework” issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Management’s assessment included an evaluation of the design of News Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting and testing of the operational effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting. Management reviewed the results of its assessment with the Audit Committee of News Corporation’s Board of Directors.

Based on this assessment, management determined that, as of June 30, 2011, News Corporation maintained effective internal control over financial reporting.

Ernst & Young LLP, the independent registered public accounting firm who audited and reported on the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011, has audited the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Their report appears on the following page.

 

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors of News Corporation:

We have audited News Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2011, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the COSO criteria). News Corporation’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, News Corporation maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2011, based on the COSO criteria.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of News Corporation as of June 30, 2011 and 2010, and the related consolidated statements of operations, cash flows, and equity and other comprehensive income for each of the three years in the period ended June 30, 2011 and our report dated August 12, 2011 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

/s/    Ernst & Young LLP

New York, New York

August 12, 2011

 

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors of News Corporation:

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of News Corporation as of June 30, 2011 and 2010, and the related consolidated statements of operations, cash flows, and equity and other comprehensive income for each of the three years in the period ended June 30, 2011. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of News Corporation at June 30, 2011 and 2010, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended June 30, 2011, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), News Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2011, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated August 12, 2011 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

/s/    Ernst & Young LLP

New York, New York

August 12, 2011

 

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NEWS CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

 

     For the years ended June 30,  
     2011     2010     2009  

Revenues

   $ 33,405      $ 32,778      $ 30,423   

Operating expenses

     (21,058     (21,015     (19,563

Selling, general and administrative

     (6,306     (6,619     (6,164

Depreciation and amortization

     (1,191     (1,185     (1,138

Impairment and restructuring charges

     (313     (253     (9,208

Equity earnings (losses) of affiliates

     462        448        (309

Interest expense, net

     (966     (991     (927

Interest income

     126        91        91   

Other, net

     18        69        1,256   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) from continuing operations before income tax expense

     4,177        3,323        (5,539

Income tax (expense) benefit

     (1,029     (679     2,229   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) from continuing operations

     3,148        2,644        (3,310

Loss on disposition of discontinued operations, net of tax

     (254     —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

     2,894        2,644        (3,310

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (155     (105     (68
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to News Corporation stockholders

   $ 2,739      $ 2,539      $ (3,378
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to News Corporation stockholders

      

Basic

   $ 1.14      $ 0.97      $ (1.29

Diluted

   $ 1.14      $ 0.97      $ (1.29

Net income (loss) attributable to News Corporation stockholders

      

Basic

   $ 1.04      $ 0.97      $ (1.29

Diluted

   $ 1.04      $ 0.97      $ (1.29

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these audited consolidated financial statements.

 

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NEWS CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT SHARE AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

 

     As of June 30,  
     2011      2010  

Assets:

     

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 12,680       $ 8,709   

Receivables, net

     6,330         6,431   

Inventories, net

     2,332         2,392   

Other

     442         492   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current assets

     21,784         18,024   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Non-current assets:

     

Receivables

     350         346   

Investments

     4,867         3,515   

Inventories, net

     4,198         3,254   

Property, plant and equipment, net

     6,542         5,980   

Intangible assets, net

     8,587         8,306   

Goodwill

     14,697         13,749   

Other non-current assets

     955         1,210   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 61,980       $ 54,384   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities and Equity:

     

Current liabilities:

     

Borrowings

   $ 32       $ 129   

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities

     5,773         5,204   

Participations, residuals and royalties payable

     1,511         1,682   

Program rights payable

     1,298         1,135   

Deferred revenue

     957         712   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     9,571         8,862   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Non-current liabilities:

     

Borrowings

     15,463         13,191   

Other liabilities

     2,908         2,979   

Deferred income taxes

     3,712         3,486   

Redeemable noncontrolling interests

     242         325   

Commitments and contingencies

     

Equity:

     

Class A common stock (1) 

     18         18   

Class B common stock (2)

     8         8   

Additional paid-in capital

     17,435         17,408   

Retained earnings and accumulated other comprehensive income

     12,045         7,679   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total News Corporation stockholders’ equity

     29,506         25,113   

Noncontrolling interests

     578         428   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total equity

     30,084         25,541   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 61,980       $ 54,384   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) 

Class A common stock, $0.01 par value per share, 6,000,000,000 shares authorized, 1,828,315,242 shares and 1,822,301,780 shares issued and outstanding, net of 1,776,534,202 and 1,776,740,787 treasury shares at par at June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

(2) 

Class B common stock, $0.01 par value per share, 3,000,000,000 shares authorized, 798,520,953 shares issued and outstanding, net of 313,721,702 treasury shares at par at June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these audited consolidated financial statements.

 

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NEWS CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(IN MILLIONS)

 

     For the years ended June 30,  
     2011     2010     2009  

Operating activities:

      

Net income (loss)

   $ 2,894      $ 2,644      $ (3,310

Loss on disposition of discontinued operations, net of tax

     254        —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) from continuing operations

     3,148        2,644        (3,310

Adjustments to reconcile income (loss) from continuing operations to cash provided by operating activities:

      

Depreciation and amortization

     1,191        1,185        1,138   

Amortization of cable distribution investments

     92        84        88   

Equity (earnings) losses of affiliates

     (462     (448     309   

Cash distributions received from affiliates

     310        317        298   

Impairment charges (net of tax of nil, $19 million and $1,707 million, respectively)

     168        181        7,189   

Other, net

     (18     (69     (1,256

Change in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:

      

Receivables and other assets

     377        (282     194   

Inventories, net

     (627     (110     (485

Accounts payable and other liabilities

     292        352        (1,917
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     4,471        3,854        2,248   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Investing activities:

      

Property, plant and equipment, net of acquisitions

     (1,171     (914     (1,101

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

     (831     (143     (809

Investments in equity affiliates

     (326     (428     (403

Other investments

     (322     (85     (76

Proceeds from dispositions

     403        1,257        1,762   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (2,247     (313     (627
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Financing activities:

      

Borrowings

     2,471        1,027        1,040   

Repayment of borrowings

     (557     (2,080     (343

Issuance of shares

     12        24        4   

Dividends paid

     (500     (418     (366

Purchase of subsidiary shares from noncontrolling interests

     (116     —          (38

Sale of subsidiary shares to noncontrolling interests

     50        —          —     

Other, net

     —          2        18   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     1,360        (1,445     315   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

     3,584        2,096        1,936   

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year

     8,709        6,540        4,662   

Exchange movement of opening cash balance

     387        73        (58
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of year

   $ 12,680      $ 8,709      $ 6,540   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these audited consolidated financial statements.

 

84


Table of Contents

NEWS CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY AND OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(IN MILLIONS)

 

    Class A
Common Stock
    Class B
Common Stock
    Additional
Paid-In
Capital
    Retained
Earnings and
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income
    Total News
Corporation
Equity
    Noncontrolling
Interests (1)
    Total
Equity
 
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount            

Balance. June 30, 2008

    1,810      $ 18        799      $ 8      $ 17,214      $ 11,383      $ 28,623      $ 631      $ 29,254   

Net (loss) income

    —          —          —          —          —          (3,378     (3,378     72        (3,306

Unrealized holding gains on securities, net of tax

    —          —          —          —          —          2        2        —          2   

Benefit plan adjustments

    —          —