10-Q 1 goog-2013331x10q.htm FORM 10-Q GOOG-2013.3.31-10Q


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
___________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
___________________________________________________
(Mark One)
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2013
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission file number: 000-50726
___________________________________________________
Google Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
___________________________________________________
Delaware
77-0493581
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
1600 Amphitheatre Parkway
Mountain View, CA 94043
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
(650) 253-0000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) 
___________________________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
  
Large accelerated filer  ý
  
Accelerated filer  ¨
  
 
Non-accelerated filer (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)  ¨             Smaller reporting company  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
At April 18, 2013, there were 271,123,286 shares of Google’s Class A common stock outstanding and 60,642,777 shares of Google’s Class B common stock outstanding.





Google Inc.
Form 10-Q
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2013
TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
 
Page No.
Item 1
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2
Item 3
Item 4
Item 1
Item 1A
Item 2
Item 6
 
 
 


i


NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements include, among other things, statements regarding:
the growth of our business and revenues and our expectations about the factors that influence our success and trends in our business;
seasonal fluctuations in internet usage and advertiser expenditures, traditional retail seasonality and macroeconomic conditions, which are likely to cause fluctuations in our quarterly results;
our plans to continue to invest in new products and technologies, systems, facilities, and infrastructure, to increase our hiring and provide competitive compensation programs, as well as to continue our current pace of acquisitions;
the potential for declines in our revenue growth rate;
our expectation that growth in advertising revenues from our websites will continue to exceed that from our Google Network Members’ websites, which will have a positive impact on our operating margins;
our expectation that we will continue to pay most of the fees we receive from advertisers to our Google Network Members;
our expectation that we will continue to take steps to improve the relevance of the ads we deliver and to reduce the number of accidental clicks;
fluctuations in aggregate paid clicks and average cost-per-click;
our belief that our foreign exchange risk management program will not fully offset our net exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates;
the expected increase of costs related to hedging activities under our foreign exchange risk management program;
our expectation that our cost of revenues, research and development expenses, sales and marketing expenses, and general and administrative expenses will increase in dollars and may increase as a percentage of revenues;
our potential exposure in connection with pending investigations and proceedings;
our expectations about our board of directors’ intention to declare a dividend of shares of the new Class C capital stock, as well as the timing of that dividend, if declared and paid;
our expectation that our traffic acquisition costs will fluctuate in the future;
our continued investments in international markets;
estimates of our future compensation expenses;
fluctuations in our effective tax rate;
the sufficiency of our sources of funding;
our payment terms to certain advertisers, which may increase our working capital requirements;
fluctuations in our capital expenditures;
as well as other statements regarding our future operations, financial condition and prospects, and business strategies. Forward-looking statements may appear throughout this report, including without limitation, the following sections: Part I, Item 2, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors.” Forward-looking statements generally can be identified by words such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “predicts,” “projects,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result,” and similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties, which could cause our actual results to differ materially from those reflected in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and in particular, the risks discussed under the caption “Risk Factors” in Part II, Item 1A of this report and those discussed in other documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). We undertake no obligation to revise or publicly release the results of any revision to these forward-looking statements, except as required by law. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.
As used herein, “Google,” “we,” “our,” and similar terms include Google Inc. and its subsidiaries, unless the context indicates otherwise.

1


“Google” and other trademarks of ours appearing in this report are our property. This report contains additional trade names and trademarks of other companies. We do not intend our use or display of other companies’ trade names or trademarks to imply an endorsement or sponsorship of us by such companies, or any relationship with any of these companies.

2


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Google Inc.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions, except share and par value amounts which are reflected in thousands,
and par value per share amounts)
 
As of December 31, 2012
 
As of March 31, 2013
 
 
 
(unaudited)
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
14,778

 
$
15,375

Marketable securities
33,310

 
34,723

Total cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities (including securities loaned of $3,160 and $4,155)
48,088

 
50,098

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $581 and $533
7,885

 
7,612

Inventories
505

 
648

Receivable under reverse repurchase agreements
700

 
700

Deferred income taxes, net
1,144

 
1,017

Income taxes receivable, net
0

 
358

Prepaid revenue share, expenses and other assets
2,132

 
2,375

Total current assets
60,454

 
62,808

Prepaid revenue share, expenses and other assets, non-current
2,011

 
2,195

Non-marketable equity investments
1,469

 
1,470

Property and equipment, net
11,854

 
12,300

Intangible assets, net
7,473

 
7,324

Goodwill
10,537

 
10,595

Total assets
$
93,798

 
$
96,692

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
2,012

 
$
2,094

Short-term debt
2,549

 
2,150

Accrued compensation and benefits
2,239

 
1,445

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
3,258

 
3,007

Accrued revenue share
1,471

 
1,437

Securities lending payable
1,673

 
2,237

Deferred revenue
895

 
882

Income taxes payable, net
240

 
0

Total current liabilities
14,337

 
13,252

Long-term debt
2,988

 
2,989

Deferred revenue, non-current
100

 
79

Income taxes payable, non-current
2,046

 
2,184

Deferred income taxes, net, non-current
1,872

 
1,978

Other long-term liabilities
740

 
737

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Convertible preferred stock, $0.001 par value per share, 100,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding
0

 
0

Class A and Class B common stock and additional paid-in capital, $0.001 par value per share: 12,000,000 shares authorized (Class A 9,000,000, Class B 3,000,000); 329,979 (Class A 267,448, Class B 62,531) and par value of $330 (Class A $267, Class B $63) and 331,008 (Class A 270,165, Class B 60,843) and par value of $331 (Class A $270, Class B $61) shares issued and outstanding
22,835

 
23,429

Class C capital stock, $0.001 par value per share: 3,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding
0

 
0

Accumulated other comprehensive income
538

 
356

Retained earnings
48,342

 
51,688

Total stockholders’ equity
71,715

 
75,473

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
93,798

 
$
96,692

See accompanying notes.

3


Google Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(In millions, except share amounts which are reflected in thousands and per share amounts)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2012
 
2013
 
(unaudited)
Revenues:
 
 
 
Google (advertising and other)
$
10,645

 
$
12,951

Motorola Mobile (hardware and other)
0

 
1,018

Total revenues
10,645

 
13,969

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
Cost of revenues - Google (advertising and other) (1)
3,789

 
5,136

Cost of revenues - Motorola Mobile (hardware and other) (1)
0

 
808

Research and development (1)
1,441

 
1,837

Sales and marketing (1)
1,269

 
1,586

General and administrative (1)
757

 
1,125

Total costs and expenses
7,256

 
10,492

Income from operations
3,389

 
3,477

Interest and other income, net
156

 
134

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
3,545

 
3,611

Provision for income taxes
655

 
287

Net income from continuing operations
2,890

 
3,324

Net income from discontinued operations
0

 
22

Net income
$
2,890

 
$
3,346

Net income per share of Class A and Class B common stock - basic:
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
8.88

 
$
10.06

Discontinued operations
0.00

 
0.07

Net income per share of Class A and Class B common stock - basic
$
8.88

 
$
10.13

Net income per share of Class A and Class B common stock - diluted:
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
8.75

 
$
9.87

Discontinued operations
0.00

 
0.07

Net income per share of Class A and Class B common stock - diluted
$
8.75

 
$
9.94

 
 
 
 
Shares used in per share calculation - basic
325,299

 
330,454

Shares used in per share calculation - diluted
330,136

 
336,663

______________________
 
 
 
(1) Includes stock-based compensation expense as follows:
 
 
 
Cost of revenues - Google (advertising and other)
$
74

 
$
99

Cost of revenues - Motorola Mobile (hardware and other)
0

 
5

Research and development
299

 
361

Sales and marketing
97

 
125

General and administrative
86

 
107

 
$
556

 
$
697


See accompanying notes.

4



Google Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In millions)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2012
 
2013
 
(unaudited)
Net income
$
2,890

 
$
3,346

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
Change in foreign currency translation adjustment
115

 
(168
)
Available-for-sale investments:
 
 
 
Change in net unrealized gains
196

 
(55
)
Less: reclassification adjustment for net gains included in net income
(107
)
 
(46
)
Net change (net of tax effect of $18 and $37)
89

 
(101
)
Cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
Change in net unrealized gains
(35
)
 
109

Less: reclassification adjustment for net gains included in net income
(23
)
 
(22
)
Net change (net of tax effect of $34 and $51)
(58
)
 
87

Other comprehensive income (loss)
146

 
(182
)
Comprehensive income
$
3,036

 
$
3,164

See accompanying notes.

5


Google Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2012
 
2013
 
(unaudited)
Operating activities
 
 
 
Net income
$
2,890

 
$
3,346

Adjustments:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment
378

 
584

Amortization of intangible and other assets
133

 
315

Stock-based compensation expense
556

 
708

Excess tax benefits from stock-based award activities
(28
)
 
(94
)
Deferred income taxes
354

 
202

Gain on sale of marketable equity securities
(44
)
 
0

Other
(24
)
 
37

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
301

 
256

Income taxes, net
143

 
(335
)
Inventories
(32
)
 
(142
)
Prepaid revenue share, expenses and other assets
(276
)
 
(212
)
Accounts payable
169

 
87

Accrued expenses and other liabilities
(855
)
 
(1,059
)
Accrued revenue share
(11
)
 
(27
)
Deferred revenue
40

 
(33
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
3,694

 
3,633

Investing activities
 
 
 
Purchases of property and equipment
(607
)
 
(1,203
)
Purchases of marketable securities
(8,688
)
 
(7,834
)
Maturities and sales of marketable securities
17,201

 
6,319

Investments in non-marketable equity investments
(103
)
 
(36
)
Cash collateral related to securities lending
245

 
564

Investments in reverse repurchase agreements
195

 
0

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired, and purchases of intangibles and other assets
(92
)
 
(251
)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
8,151

 
(2,441
)
Financing activities
 
 
 
Net payments related to stock-based award activities
(47
)
 
(210
)
Excess tax benefits from stock-based award activities
28

 
94

Proceeds from issuance of debt, net of costs
3,149

 
2,922

Repayments of debt
(1,900
)
 
(3,323
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
1,230

 
(517
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
50

 
(78
)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
13,125

 
597

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
9,983

 
14,778

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
23,108

 
$
15,375

 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information
 
 
 
Cash paid for taxes
$
207

 
$
385

See accompanying notes.


6


Google Inc.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 1. Google Inc. and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Nature of Operations
We were incorporated in California in September 1998. We were re-incorporated in the State of Delaware in August 2003. We generate revenues primarily by delivering relevant, cost-effective online advertising in our Google segment. In addition, we generate revenues from sales of mobile devices in our Motorola Mobile segment.
Basis of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Google Inc. and our wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.
Unaudited Interim Financial Information
The accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 31, 2013, the Consolidated Statements of Income for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2013, the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2013, and the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2013 are unaudited. These unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). In our opinion, the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements include all adjustments of a normal recurring nature necessary for the fair presentation of our financial position as of March 31, 2013, our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2013, and our cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2013. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2013 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2013.
These unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2012 filed with the SEC on January 29, 2013.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported and disclosed in the financial statements and the accompanying notes. Actual results could differ materially from these estimates. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to the accounts receivable and sales allowances, fair values of financial instruments, intangible assets and goodwill, useful lives of intangible assets and property and equipment, fair values of stock-based awards, inventory valuations, income taxes, and contingent liabilities, among others. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities.


7


Note 2. Net Income Per Share of Class A and Class B Common Stock
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net income per share of Class A and Class B common stock (in millions, except share amounts which are reflected in thousands and per share amounts):
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2012
 
2013
 
(unaudited)
 
Class A
 
Class B
 
Class A
 
Class B
Basic net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Numerator
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Allocation of undistributed earnings - continuing operations
$
2,296

 
$
594

 
$
2,703

 
$
621

Allocation of undistributed earnings - discontinued operations
0

 
0

 
18

 
4

Total
$
2,296

 
$
594

 
$
2,721

 
$
625

Denominator
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding
258,426

 
66,873

 
268,767

 
61,687

Number of shares used in per share computation
258,426

 
66,873

 
268,767

 
61,687

Basic net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
8.88

 
$
8.88

 
$
10.06

 
$
10.06

Discontinued operations
0.00

 
0.00

 
0.07

 
0.07

Basic net income per share
$
8.88

 
$
8.88

 
$
10.13

 
$
10.13

Diluted net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Numerator
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Allocation of undistributed earnings for basic computation - continuing operations
$
2,296

 
$
594

 
$
2,703

 
$
621

Reallocation of undistributed earnings as a result of conversion of Class B to Class A shares
594

 
0

 
621

 
0

Reallocation of undistributed earnings to Class B shares
0

 
(9
)
 
0

 
(12
)
Allocation of undistributed earnings - continuing operations
$
2,890

 
$
585

 
$
3,324

 
$
609

Allocation of undistributed earnings for basic computation - discontinued operations
$
0

 
$
0

 
$
18

 
$
4

Reallocation of undistributed earnings as a result of conversion of Class B to Class A shares
0

 
0

 
4

 
0

Allocation of undistributed earnings - discontinued operations
$
0

 
$
0

 
$
22

 
$
4

Denominator
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of shares used in basic computation
258,426

 
66,873

 
268,767

 
61,687

Weighted-average effect of dilutive securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Add:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Conversion of Class B to Class A common shares outstanding
66,873

 
0

 
61,687

 
0

Employee stock options, including warrants issued under Transferable Stock Option program
2,957

 
43

 
3,129

 
12

Restricted stock units
1,880

 
0

 
3,080

 
0


8


Number of shares used in per share computation
330,136

 
66,916

 
336,663

 
61,699

Diluted net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
8.75

 
$
8.75

 
$
9.87

 
$
9.87

Discontinued operations
0.00

 
0.00

 
0.07

 
0.07

Diluted net income per share
$
8.75

 
$
8.75

 
$
9.94

 
$
9.94

The net income per share amounts are the same for Class A and Class B common stock because the holders of each class are legally entitled to equal per share distributions whether through dividends or in liquidation.


Note 3. Financial Instruments

Fair Value Measurements
We measure our cash equivalents, marketable securities, and foreign currency and interest rate derivative contracts at fair value. Fair value is an exit price, representing the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. As such, fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or a liability. A three-tier fair value hierarchy is established as a basis for considering such assumptions and for inputs used in the valuation methodologies in measuring fair value:
Level 1—Observable inputs that reflect quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
Level 2—Include other inputs that are based upon quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, and model-based valuation techniques for which all significant inputs are observable in the market or can be derived from observable market data. Where applicable, these models project future cash flows and discount the future amounts to a present value using market-based observable inputs including interest rate curves, foreign exchange rates, and credit ratings.
Level 3—Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activities.
The fair value hierarchy also requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.
Based on the fair value hierarchy, we classify our cash equivalents and marketable securities within Level 1 or Level 2. This is because we value our cash equivalents and marketable securities using quoted market prices or alternative pricing sources and models utilizing market observable inputs. We classify our foreign currency and interest rate derivative contracts primarily within Level 2 as the valuation inputs are based on quoted prices and market observable data of similar instruments.

Cash, Cash Equivalents and Marketable Securities
 The following tables summarize our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities measured at adjusted cost, gross unrealized gains, gross unrealized losses and fair value by significant investment categories as of December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013 (in millions):

9


 
 
As of December 31, 2012
 
 
Adjusted
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Cash and
Cash
Equivalents
 
Marketable
Securities
Cash
 
$
8,066

 
$
0

 
$
0

 
$
8,066

 
$
8,066

 
$
0

Level 1:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market and other funds
 
5,221

 
0

 
0

 
5,221

 
5,221

 
0

U.S. government notes
 
10,853

 
77

 
(1
)
 
10,929

 
0

 
10,929

Marketable equity securities
 
12

 
88

 
0

 
100

 
0

 
100

 
 
16,086

 
165

 
(1
)
 
16,250

 
5,221

 
11,029

Level 2:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Time deposits
 
984

 
0

 
0

 
984

 
562

 
422

Money market and other funds (1)
 
929

 
0

 
0

 
929

 
929

 
0

U.S. government agencies
 
1,882

 
20

 
0

 
1,902

 
0

 
1,902

Foreign government bonds
 
1,996

 
81

 
(3
)
 
2,074

 
0

 
2,074

Municipal securities
 
2,249

 
23

 
(6
)
 
2,266

 
0

 
2,266

Corporate debt securities
 
7,200

 
414

 
(14
)
 
7,600

 
0

 
7,600

Agency residential mortgage-backed securities
 
7,039

 
136

 
(6
)
 
7,169

 
0

 
7,169

Asset-backed securities
 
847

 
1

 
0

 
848

 
0

 
848

 
 
23,126

 
675

 
(29
)
 
23,772

 
1,491

 
22,281

Total
 
$
47,278

 
$
840

 
$
(30
)
 
$
48,088

 
$
14,778

 
$
33,310

 
 
As of March 31, 2013
 
 
Adjusted
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Cash and
Cash
Equivalents
 
Marketable
Securities
 
(unaudited)
Cash
 
$
8,051

 
$
0

 
$
0

 
$
8,051

 
$
8,051

 
$
0

Level 1:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market and other funds
 
3,800

 
0

 
0

 
3,800

 
3,800

 
0

U.S. government notes
 
11,089

 
78

 
(1
)
 
11,166

 
275

 
10,891

Marketable equity securities
 
41

 
103

 
0

 
144

 
0

 
144

 
 
14,930

 
181

 
(1
)
 
15,110

 
4,075

 
11,035

Level 2:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Time deposits
 
2,160

 
0

 
0

 
2,160

 
1,712

 
448

Money market and other funds (1)
 
1,537

 
0

 
0

 
1,537

 
1,537

 
0

U.S. government agencies
 
2,102

 
11

 
0

 
2,113

 
0

 
2,113

Foreign government bonds
 
2,138

 
51

 
(13
)
 
2,176

 
0

 
2,176

Municipal securities
 
2,627

 
20

 
(10
)
 
2,637

 
0

 
2,637

Corporate debt securities
 
7,488

 
367

 
(32
)
 
7,823

 
0

 
7,823

Agency residential mortgage-backed securities
 
7,462

 
117

 
(20
)
 
7,559

 
0

 
7,559

Asset-backed securities
 
932

 
0

 
0

 
932

 
0

 
932

 
 
26,446

 
566

 
(75
)
 
26,937

 
3,249

 
23,688

Total
 
$
49,427

 
$
747

 
$
(76
)
 
$
50,098

 
$
15,375

 
$
34,723


(1)
The balances at December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013 were related to cash collateral received in connection with our securities lending program, which was invested in reverse repurchase agreements maturing within three months. See below for further discussion on this program.
We determine realized gains or losses on the sale of marketable securities on a specific identification method. We recognized gross realized gains of $133 million and $75 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013. We recognized gross realized losses of $13 million and $15 million for the three months ended

10


March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013. We reflect these gains and losses as a component of interest and other income, net, in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Income.
The following table summarizes the estimated fair value of our investments in marketable securities, excluding marketable equity securities, designated as available-for-sale and classified by the contractual maturity date of the securities (in millions):
 
As of March 31, 2013
 
(unaudited)
Due in 1 year
$
4,382

Due in 1 year through 5 years
13,487

Due in 5 years through 10 years
7,661

Due after 10 years
9,049

Total
$
34,579

The following tables present gross unrealized losses and fair values for those investments that were in an unrealized loss position as of December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013, aggregated by investment category and the length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous loss position (in millions):
 
 
As of December 31, 2012
 
 
Less than 12 Months
 
12 Months or Greater
 
Total
 
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized
Loss
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized
Loss
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized
Loss
U.S. government notes
 
$
842

 
$
(1
)
 
$
0

 
$
0

 
$
842

 
$
(1
)
Foreign government bonds
 
509

 
(2
)
 
12

 
(1
)
 
521

 
(3
)
Municipal securities
 
686

 
(6
)
 
9

 
0

 
695

 
(6
)
Corporate debt securities
 
820

 
(10
)
 
81

 
(4
)
 
901

 
(14
)
Agency residential mortgage-backed securities
 
1,300

 
(6
)
 
0

 
0

 
1,300

 
(6
)
Total
 
$
4,157

 
$
(25
)
 
$
102

 
$
(5
)
 
$
4,259

 
$
(30
)
 
 
As of March 31, 2013
 
 
Less than 12 Months
 
12 Months or Greater
 
Total
 
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized
Loss
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized
Loss
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized
Loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
U.S. government notes
 
$
651

 
$
(1
)
 
$
0

 
$
0

 
$
651

 
$
(1
)
Foreign government bonds
 
501

 
(13
)
 
0

 
0

 
501

 
(13
)
Municipal securities
 
892

 
(10
)
 
0

 
0

 
892

 
(10
)
Corporate debt securities
 
1,496

 
(30
)
 
58

 
(2
)
 
1,554

 
(32
)
Agency residential mortgage-backed securities
 
2,617

 
(20
)
 
0

 
0

 
2,617

 
(20
)
Total
 
$
6,157

 
$
(74
)
 
$
58

 
$
(2
)
 
$
6,215

 
$
(76
)
Securities Lending Program
From time to time, we enter into securities lending agreements with financial institutions to enhance investment income. We loan selected securities which are collateralized in the form of cash or securities. Cash collateral is invested in reverse repurchase agreements which are collateralized in the form of securities.
We classify loaned securities as cash equivalents or marketable securities and record the cash collateral as an asset with a corresponding liability in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets. We classify reverse repurchase agreements maturing within three months as cash equivalents and those longer than three months as receivable under reverse repurchase agreements in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets. For security collateral received, we do not record an asset or liability except in the event of counterparty default.

11



Derivative Financial Instruments
We recognize derivative instruments as either assets or liabilities in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets at fair value. We record changes in the fair value (i.e., gains or losses) of the derivatives in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Income as interest and other income, net, as part of revenues, or as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI) in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets, as discussed below.
We enter into foreign currency contracts with financial institutions to reduce the risk that our cash flows and earnings will be adversely affected by foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. We use certain interest rate derivative contracts to hedge interest rate exposures on our fixed income securities and our anticipated debt issuance. Our program is not used for trading or speculative purposes.
We enter into master netting arrangements, which reduce credit risk by permitting net settlement of transactions with the same counterparty. To further reduce credit risk, we enter into collateral security arrangements under which the counterparty is required to provide collateral when the net fair value of certain financial instruments fluctuates from contractually established thresholds. We can take possession of the collateral in the event of counterparty default. At December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013, we received cash collateral related to the derivative instruments under our collateral security arrangements of $43 million and $72 million.
Cash Flow Hedges
We use options designated as cash flow hedges to hedge certain forecasted revenue transactions denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. The notional principal of these contracts was approximately $9.5 billion and $9.2 billion as of December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013. These foreign exchange contracts have maturities of 36 months or less.
In 2012, we entered into forward-starting interest rate swaps that effectively locked in an interest rate on our anticipated debt issuance of $1.0 billion in 2014. The total notional amount of these forward-starting interest swaps was $1.0 billion as of December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013 with terms calling for us to receive interest at a variable rate and to pay interest at a fixed rate.
We initially report any gain or loss on the effective portion of a cash flow hedge as a component of AOCI and subsequently reclassify to revenues or interest expense when the hedged transactions are recorded. If the hedged transactions become probable of not occurring, the corresponding amounts in AOCI would be reclassified to interest and other income, net. Further, we exclude the change in the time value of the options from our assessment of hedge effectiveness. We record the premium paid or time value of an option on the date of purchase as an asset. Thereafter, we recognize any change to this time value in interest and other income, net.
As of March 31, 2013, the effective portion of our cash flow hedges before tax effect was $149 million, of which $111 million is expected to be reclassified from AOCI to revenues within the next 12 months.
Fair Value Hedges
We use forward contracts designated as fair value hedges to hedge foreign currency risks for our investments denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. Gains and losses on these contracts are recognized in interest and other income, net, along with the offsetting losses and gains of the related hedged items. We exclude changes in the time value for forward contracts from the assessment of hedge effectiveness . The notional principal of these contracts was $1.1 billion and $1.3 billion as of December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013.
Other Derivatives
Other derivatives not designated as hedging instruments consist of forward and option contracts that we use to hedge intercompany transactions and other monetary assets or liabilities denominated in currencies other than the local currency of a subsidiary. We recognize gains and losses on these contracts, as well as the related costs in interest and other income, net, along with the foreign currency gains and losses on monetary assets and liabilities. The notional principal of foreign exchange contracts outstanding was $6.6 billion and $6.1 billion at December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013.

12


We also use exchange-traded interest rate futures contracts and “To Be Announced” (TBA) forward purchase commitments of mortgage-backed assets to hedge interest rate risks on certain fixed income securities. The TBA contracts meet the definition of derivative instruments in cases where physical delivery of the assets is not taken at the earliest available delivery date. Our interest rate futures and TBA contracts (together interest rate contracts) are not designated as hedging instruments. We recognize gains and losses on these contracts, as well as the related costs in interest and other income, net. The gains and losses are generally economically offset by unrealized gains and losses in the underlying available-for-sale securities, which are recorded as a component of AOCI until the securities are sold or other-than-temporarily impaired, at which time the amounts are moved from AOCI into interest and other income, net. The total notional amounts of interest rate contracts outstanding were $25 million and $150 million at December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013.
The fair values of our outstanding derivative instruments were as follows (in millions):

 
 
 
 
As of December 31, 2012
 
 
  
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Fair Value of
Derivatives
Designated as
Hedging Instruments
 
Fair Value of
Derivatives Not
Designated as
Hedging Instruments
 
Total Fair
Value
Derivative Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Level 2:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
 
Prepaid revenue share, expenses and other assets, current and non-current
 
$
164

 
$
13

 
$
177

Interest rate contracts
 
Prepaid revenue share, expenses and other assets, current and non-current
 
1

 
0

 
1

Total
 
 
 
$
165

 
$
13

 
$
178

Derivative Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Level 2:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
 
$
3

 
$
4

 
$
7


 
 
 
 
As of March 31, 2013
 
 
  
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Fair Value of
Derivatives
Designated as
Hedging Instruments
 
Fair Value of
Derivatives Not
Designated as
Hedging Instruments
 
Total Fair
Value
 
 
 

(unaudited)
Derivative Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Level 2:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
 
Prepaid revenue share, expenses and other assets, current and non-current
 
$
285

 
$
5

 
$
290

Interest rate contracts
 
Prepaid revenue share, expenses and other assets, current and non-current
 
11

 
0

 
11

Total
 
 
 
$
296

 
$
5

 
$
301

Derivative Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Level 2:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
 
$
13

 
$
1

 
$
14


13


The effect of derivative instruments in cash flow hedging relationships on income and other comprehensive income is summarized below (in millions):
 
 
 
Gains (Losses) Recognized in OCI
on Derivatives Before Tax Effect (Effective Portion)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationship
 
2012
 
2013
 
 
(unaudited)
Foreign exchange contracts
 
$
(55
)
 
$
163

Interest rate contracts
 
0

 
10

Total
 
$
(55
)
 
$
173

 
 
 
Gains Reclassified from AOCI into Income (Effective Portion)
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationship
 
Location
 
2012
 
2013
 
 
 
 
(unaudited)
Foreign exchange contracts
 
Revenues
 
$
37

 
$
35

 
 
 
Gains (Losses) Recognized in Income on Derivatives (Amount
Excluded from  Effectiveness Testing and Ineffective Portion) (1)
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationship
 
Location
 
2012
 
2013
 
 
 
 
(unaudited)
Foreign exchange contracts
 
Interest and
other income, net
 
$
(126
)
 
$
(51
)
 
(1) 
Gains (losses) related to the ineffective portion of the hedges were not material in all periods presented.
The effect of derivative instruments in fair value hedging relationships on income is summarized below (in millions):
 
 
 
Gains (Losses) Recognized in Income on Derivatives(2)
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Derivatives in Fair Value Hedging Relationship
 
Location
 
2012
 
2013
 
 
 
 
(unaudited)
Foreign exchange contracts
 
Interest and
other income, net
 
$
(20
)
 
$
37

Hedged item
 
Interest and
other income, net
 
17

 
(38
)
Total
 
 
 
$
(3
)
 
$
(1
)
 
(2) 
Losses related to the amount excluded from effectiveness testing of the hedges were $3 million and $1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2013.
The effect of derivative instruments not designated as hedging instruments on income is summarized below (in millions):
 

14


 
 
Gains (Losses) Recognized in Income on Derivatives
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Derivatives Not Designated As Hedging Instruments
 
Location
 
2012
 
2013
 
 
 
 
(unaudited)
Foreign exchange contracts
 
Interest and
other income, net
 
$
(25
)
 
$
87

Interest rate contracts
 
Interest and
other income, net
 
2

 
0

Total
 
 
 
$
(23
)
 
$
87



Offsetting of Derivatives, Securities Lending and Reverse Repurchase Agreements

We present our derivatives, securities lending and reverse repurchase agreements at gross fair values in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. However, our master netting and other similar arrangements allow net settlements under certain conditions. As of December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013, information related to these offsetting arrangements was as follows (in millions, unaudited):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Offsetting of Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of December 31, 2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross Amounts Not Offset in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
 
Description
 
Gross Amounts of Recognized Assets
 
Gross Amounts Offset in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Net Presented in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Financial Instruments
 
 Cash Collateral Received
 
Non-Cash Collateral Received
 
Net Amount
Derivatives
 
$
178

 
$
0

 
$
178

 
$
(4
)
(1) 
$
(40
)
 
$
(12
)
 
$
122

Reverse repurchase agreements
 
1,629

 
0

 
1,629

(2) 
0

 
0

 
(1,629
)
 
0

Total
 
$
1,807

 
$
0

 
$
1,807

 
$
(4
)
 
$
(40
)
 
$
(1,641
)
 
$
122

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of March 31, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross Amounts Not Offset in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
 
Description
 
Gross Amounts of Recognized Assets
 
Gross Amounts Offset in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Net Presented in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Financial Instruments
 
Cash Collateral Received
 
Non-Cash Collateral Received
 
Net Amount
Derivatives
 
$
301

 
$
0

 
$
301

 
$
(4
)
(1) 
$
(57
)
 
$
(125
)
 
$
115

Reverse repurchase agreements
 
2,237

 
0

 
2,237

(2) 
0

 
0

 
(2,237
)
 
0

Total
 
$
2,538

 
$
0

 
$
2,538

 
$
(4
)
 
$
(57
)
 
$
(2,362
)
 
$
115

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

(1) The balances at December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013 were related to derivative liabilities which are allowed to be net settled against derivative assets in accordance with our master netting agreements.

(2) The balances at December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013 included $929 million and $1.5 billion recorded in cash and cash equivalents, respectively, and $700 million and $700 million recorded in receivable under reverse repurchase agreements, respectively.



15


Offsetting of Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of December 31, 2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross Amounts Not Offset in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
 
Description
 
Gross Amounts of Recognized Liabilities
 
Gross Amounts Offset in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Net Presented in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Financial Instruments
 
 Cash Collateral Pledged
 
Non-Cash Collateral Pledged
 
Net Amount
Derivatives
 
$
7

 
$
0

 
$
7

 
$
(4
)
(3) 
$
0

 
$
0

 
$
3

Securities lending agreements
 
1,673

 
0

 
1,673

 
0

 
0

 
(1,673
)
 
0

Total
 
$
1,680

 
$
0

 
$
1,680

 
$
(4
)
 
$
0

 
$
(1,673
)
 
$
3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of March 31, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross Amounts Not Offset in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Description
 
Gross Amounts of Recognized Liabilities
 
Gross Amounts Offset in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Net Presented in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Financial Instruments
 
 Cash Collateral Pledged
 
Non-Cash Collateral Pledged
 
Net Amount
Derivatives
 
$
14

 
$
0

 
$
14

 
$
(4
)
(3) 
$
0

 
$
0

 
$
10

Securities lending agreements
 
2,237

 
0

 
2,237

 
0

 
0

 
(2,237
)
 
0

Total
 
$
2,251

 
$
0

 
$
2,251

 
$
(4
)
 
$
0

 
$
(2,237
)
 
$
10


(3) The balances at December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013 were related to derivative assets which are allowed to be net settled against derivative liabilities in accordance with our master netting agreements.
Note 4. Debt
Short-Term Debt
We have a debt financing program of up to $3.0 billion through the issuance of commercial paper. Net proceeds from this program are used for general corporate purposes. At December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013, we had $2.5 billion and $2.2 billion of outstanding commercial paper recorded as short-term debt with weighted-average interest rates of 0.2%. In conjunction with this program, we have a $3.0 billion revolving credit facility expiring in July 2016. The interest rate for the credit facility is determined based on a formula using certain market rates. At December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013, we were in compliance with the financial covenant in the credit facility, and no amounts were outstanding under the credit facility at December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2013.
The estimated fair value of the short-term debt approximated its carrying value at March 31, 2013.
Long-Term Debt
In May 2011, we issued $3.0 billion of unsecured senior notes in three tranches as described in the table below (collectively, the Notes) (in millions):
 
As of March 31, 2013
 
(unaudited)
1.25% Notes due on May 19, 2014
$
1,000

2.125% Notes due on May 19, 2016
1,000

3.625% Notes due on May 19, 2021
1,000

Unamortized discount for the Notes above
(11
)
Total
$
2,989



16


The effective interest yields of the 2014, 2016, and 2021 Notes were 1.258%, 2.241%, and 3.734%, respectively. Interest on the Notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on May 19 and November 19 of each year. We may redeem the Notes at any time in whole or from time to time in part at specified redemption prices. We are not subject to any financial covenants under the Notes. We used the net proceeds from the issuance of the Notes to repay a portion of our outstanding commercial paper and for general corporate purposes. The total estimated fair value of the Notes was approximately $3.2 billion at March 31, 2013. The fair value of the Notes was determined based on observable market prices of identical instruments in markets that are not active and is categorized accordingly as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy.

Note 5. Balance Sheet Components
Inventories
Inventories consisted of the following (in millions): 
 
As of December 31, 2012
 
As of
March 31,
2013
 
 
 
(unaudited)
Raw materials and work in process
$
77

 
$
140

Finished goods
428

 
508

Inventories
$
505

 
$
648

Property and Equipment
Property and equipment consisted of the following (in millions): 
 
As of December 31, 2012
 
As of
March 31,
2013
 
 
 
(unaudited)
Information technology assets
$
7,717

 
$
7,785

Land and buildings
6,257

 
6,394

Construction in progress
2,240

 
2,554

Leasehold improvements
1,409

 
1,451

Furniture and fixtures
74

 
76

Total
17,697

 
18,260

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization
5,843

 
5,960

Property and equipment, net
$
11,854

 
$
12,300


Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
The components of AOCI, net of tax, were as follows (in millions, unaudited):
 
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Unrealized Gains on Available-for-Sale Investments
 
Unrealized Gains on Cash Flow Hedges
 
Total
Balance as of December 31, 2012
$
(73
)
 
$
604

 
$
7

 
$
538

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
(168
)
 
(55
)
 
109

 
(114
)
Amounts reclassified from AOCI
0

 
(46
)
 
(22
)
 
(68
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
(168
)
 
(101
)
 
87

 
(182
)
Balance as of March 31, 2013
$
(241
)
 
$
503

 
$
94

 
$
356





17


The effects on net income of amounts reclassified from AOCI for three months ended March 31, 2013 were as follows (in millions, unaudited):
 AOCI Components
 
Location
 
Gains (Losses) Reclassified from AOCI to the Consolidated Statement of Income
Unrealized gains on available-for-sale investments
 
Interest and other income, net
 
$
60

 
 
Provision for income taxes
 
(14
)
 
 
Net of tax
 
$
46

 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gains on cash flow hedges for foreign exchange contracts
 
Revenue
 
$
35

 
 
Provision for income taxes
 
(13
)
 
 
Net of tax
 
$
22

 
 
 
 
 
Total amount reclassified, net of tax
 
 
 
$
68



Note 6. Acquisitions
During the three months ended March 31, 2013, we completed eight acquisitions and purchases of intangible assets for a total cash consideration of approximately $291 million, of which $150 million was attributed to patents and developed technology, $24 million to customer relationships, $133 million to goodwill, and $16 million to net liabilities assumed. These acquisitions generally enhance the breadth and depth of our expertise in engineering and other functional areas, our technologies, and our product offerings. The amount of goodwill expected to be deductible for tax purposes is approximately $20 million.
Pro forma results of operations for these acquisitions have not been presented because they are not material to the consolidated results of operations, either individually or in aggregate.

For all acquisitions completed during the three months ended March 31, 2013, patents and developed technology have a weighted-average useful life of 4.9 years and customer relationships have a weighted-average useful life of 6.0 years.
Note 7. Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for the three months ended March 31, 2013 were as follows (in millions, unaudited):
 
Balance as of December 31, 2012
$
10,537

Goodwill acquired
133

Goodwill adjustment
(75
)
Balance as of March 31, 2013
$
10,595

Amounts of goodwill related to the Motorola Mobile and Home segments were not material. See Note 14 for further discussion of segment information.
Information regarding our acquisition-related intangible assets was as follows (in millions):
 

18


 
As of December 31, 2012
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Carrying
Value
Patents and developed technology
$
7,310

 
$
1,323

 
$
5,987

Customer relationships
2,061

 
847

 
1,214

Trade names and other
576

 
304

 
272

Total
$
9,947

 
$
2,474

 
$
7,473

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of March 31, 2013
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Carrying
Value
 
(unaudited)
Patents and developed technology
$
7,449

 
$
1,527

 
$
5,922

Customer relationships
2,063

 
908

 
1,155

Trade names and other
555

 
308

 
247

Total
$
10,067

 
$
2,743

 
$
7,324

Amortization expense relating to acquisition-related intangible assets for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2013 was $124 million and $315 million.
As of March 31, 2013, expected amortization expense relating to acquisition-related intangible assets, excluding the portion related to the Motorola Home segment, for each of the next five years and thereafter was as follows (in millions, unaudited):
 
Remainder of 2013
$
807

2014
1,025

2015
869

2016
786

2017
734

2018
692

Thereafter
1,710

 
$
6,623

Note 8.    Discontinued Operations
In December 2012, we entered into an agreement with Arris Group, Inc. (Arris) and certain other persons providing for the disposition of the Motorola Home segment. The transaction was completed on April 17, 2013. See Note 15 for further discussion of the subsequent event.
The following table presents financial results of the Motorola Home segment in the three months ended March 31, 2013 (in millions, unaudited): 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2013
Revenues
$
738

 
 
Income from discontinued operations before income taxes
47

Provision for income taxes
(25
)
Net income from discontinued operations
$
22


Note 9. Restructuring Charges
Subsequent to our acquisition of Motorola Mobility Holdings, Inc. (Motorola) in May 2012, we initiated a restructuring plan primarily in our Motorola Mobile segment to reduce workforce, reorganize management structure, close or consolidate certain facilities, as well as simplify our mobile product portfolio. These changes are designed to return the Motorola Mobile segment to profitability. Pursuant to this restructuring plan, we have incurred

19


cumulative charges of approximately $694 million which includes $63 million recognized in the three months ended March 31, 2013.

For the three months ended March 31, 2013, changes to restructuring accruals were as follows (in millions, unaudited):
 
 
 
Severance and
Related
 
Other
Charges
 
Total
Balance as of December 31, 2012
 
$
238

 
$
15

 
$
253

Charges
 
53

 
10

 
63

Cash payments
 
(108
)
 
(4
)
 
(112
)
Non-cash items(1)
 
(19
)
 
0

 
(19
)
Balance as of March 31, 2013
 
$
164

 
$
21

 
$
185


(1) 
Non-cash items were primarily related to restricted stock units (RSUs) and stock options.
For the three months ended March 31, 2013, restructuring charges were as follows (in millions, unaudited):
 
 
 
Three months ended March 31, 2013
 
 
Severance and
Related
 
Other
Charges
 
Total
Cost of revenues—Motorola Mobile
 
$
8

 
$
0

 
$
8

Research and development
 
18

 
5

 
23

Sales and marketing
 
8

 
1

 
9

General and administrative
 
19

 
0

 
19

Net income from discontinued operations
 
0

 
4

 
4

Total charges
 
$
53

 
$
10

 
$
63

We continue to evaluate our plans and further restructuring actions may occur which may cause us to incur additional restructuring charges, some of which may be significant.

Note 10. Interest and Other Income, Net
The components of interest and other income, net, were as follows (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2012
 
2013
 
(unaudited)
Interest income
$
182

 
$
183

Interest expense
(20
)
 
(21
)
Realized gains on available-for-sale investments, net
120

 
60

Foreign currency exchange losses, net
(143
)
 
(70
)
Other
17

 
(18
)
Interest and other income, net
$
156

 
$
134

Note 11. Contingencies
Legal Matters
Antitrust Investigations

In June 2011, we received a Civil Investigative Demand (CID) from the U.S. Federal Trade Commission’s (FTC) Bureau of Competition and a subpoena from the FTC’s Bureau of Consumer Protection relating to a review by the FTC of our business practices, including search and advertising. In June 2012, we also received a CID and a subpoena duces tecum from the FTC’s Bureau of Competition seeking documents and information broadly related

20


to Motorola’s licensing practices for standards-essential patents and use of standards-essential patents in litigation. In January 2013, the FTC closed its investigations into our business practices, including search and advertising. In connection with the closing of the investigation, we have voluntarily agreed to make certain product changes. In addition, we and Motorola have entered into a consent order with the FTC setting forth certain guidelines on our use of standards-essential patents in litigation.  That consent order should become final in the coming months. 
    
State attorneys general from the states of Texas, Ohio, and Mississippi have issued similar CIDs relating to our business practices. We are cooperating with the state attorneys general and are responding to their information requests on an ongoing basis.
    
The European Commission’s (EC) Directorate General for Competition has also opened an investigation into various antitrust-related complaints against us. Since February 2010, we have received a number of notifications from the EC about antitrust complaints filed against us. On November 30, 2010, the EC formally opened proceedings against us. We believe we have adequately responded to all of the allegations made against us. We continue to cooperate with the EC and are pursuing a potential resolution that would avoid a finding of infringement and a fine. The EC has also opened an investigation into Motorola’s licensing practices for standards-essential patents and use of standards-essential patents in litigation on the basis of complaints brought by Microsoft and Apple. We are cooperating with the EC and responding to the information requests on an ongoing basis.
    
The Comision Nacional de Defensa de la Competencia in Argentina, the Competition Commission of India, and the Korea Fair Trade Commission in South Korea have also opened investigations into certain of our business practices.
EPA Investigation
In February 2009, we learned of a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) investigation into an alleged release of refrigerant at one of our smaller data center facilities, which we acquired from DoubleClick, and the accuracy of related statements and records. In January 2013, we were informed by the U.S. Department of Justice that the EPA investigation has been closed.
Patent and Intellectual Property Claims
We have had patent, copyright, and trademark infringement lawsuits filed against us claiming that certain of our products, services, and technologies, including Android, Google Search, Google AdWords, Google AdSense, Google Books, Google News, Google Image Search, Google Chrome, Google Talk, Google Voice, Motorola devices and YouTube, infringe the intellectual property rights of others. Adverse results in these lawsuits may include awards of substantial monetary damages, costly royalty or licensing agreements, or orders preventing us from offering certain features, functionalities, products, or services, and may also cause us to change our business
practices, and require development of non-infringing products or technologies, which could result in a loss of revenues for us and otherwise harm our business. In addition, the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) has increasingly become an important forum to litigate intellectual property disputes because an ultimate loss for a company or its suppliers in an ITC action could result in a prohibition on importing infringing products into the U.S. Since the U.S. is an important market, a prohibition on importation could have an adverse effect on us, including preventing us from importing many important products into the U.S. or necessitating workarounds that may limit certain features of our products.
Furthermore, many of our agreements with our customers and partners require us to indemnify them for certain intellectual property infringement claims against them, which would increase our costs as a result of defending such claims, and may require that we pay significant damages if there were an adverse ruling in any such claims. Our customers and partners may discontinue the use of our products, services, and technologies, as a result of injunctions or otherwise, which could result in loss of revenues and adversely impact our business.
On April 17, 2013, we completed the sale of Motorola Home segment to Arris and certain other persons for consideration of approximately $2.24 billion in cash, subject to certain post-close adjustments, and approximately 10.6 million shares of Arris’ common stock. In connection with the sale, we have agreed to indemnify Arris for potential liability from certain intellectual property infringement litigation, including, among others, a patent infringement claim brought by TiVo relating to certain dig