10-Q 1 jcp-20130504x10q.htm 10-Q 312b08696fac45d

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

 

 

    (Mark One)

 

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended May 4, 2013

or

 

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ______________ to ________________

 

Commission File Number: 1-15274

 

JCP LOGO.jpg

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware

26-0037077

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

6501 Legacy Drive, Plano, Texas

75024 - 3698

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

 

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

(972) 431-1000

                 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.      Yes   x   No  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     Yes   x  No  o 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer    x          Accelerated filer  o          Non-accelerated filer  o          Smaller reporting company    o          

                                                                                              (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  o  No    x    

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

220,298,991 shares of Common Stock of 50 cents par value, as of June 7, 2013.

 

 


 

 

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

 

FORM 10-Q

 

For the Quarterly Period Ended May 4, 2013

 

INDEX

 

 

 

Page

Part I. Financial Information 

 

 

Item 1. Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations

2

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income/(Loss)

3

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

4

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

5

 

 

Notes to Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

 

 

1.  Basis of Presentation and Consolidation

6

 

 

 

2.  Earnings/(Loss) per Share

7

 

 

 

3.  Credit Facility 

7

 

 

 

4.  Fair Value Disclosures    

8

 

 

 

5.  Stockholders’ Equity

9

 

 

 

6.  Stock-Based Compensation 

10

 

 

 

7.  Retirement Benefit Plans 

11

 

 

 

8.  Restructuring and Management Transition

12

 

 

 

9.  Real Estate and Other, Net

13

 

 

 

10.  Litigation, Other Contingencies and Guarantees

13

 

 

 

11.  Subsequent Events

14

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

15

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

25

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

26

Part II. Other Information 

 

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

26

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

27

 

Item 6. Exhibits

35

SIGNATURES 

37

 

 

 

 

1

 


 

Part I. Financial Information

Item 1. Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements

 

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

(In millions, except per share data)

 

May 4,

 

 

April 28,

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

Total net sales

$

2,635 

 

$

3,152 

Cost of goods sold

 

1,823 

 

 

1,966 

Gross margin

 

812 

 

 

1,186 

Operating expenses/(income):

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, general and administrative (SG&A)

 

1,078 

 

 

1,160 

Pension

 

34 

 

 

58 

Depreciation and amortization

 

136 

 

 

125 

Real estate and other, net

 

(22)

 

 

(7)

Restructuring and management transition

 

72 

 

 

76 

Total operating expenses

 

1,298 

 

 

1,412 

Operating income/(loss)

 

(486)

 

 

(226)

Net interest expense

 

61 

 

 

56 

Income/(loss) before income taxes

 

(547)

 

 

(282)

Income tax expense/(benefit)

 

(199)

 

 

(119)

Net income/(loss)

$

(348)

 

$

(163)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings/(loss) per share:

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

$

(1.58)

 

$

(0.75)

Diluted

$

(1.58)

 

$

(0.75)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average shares – basic

 

219.9 

 

 

218.3 

Weighted average shares – diluted

 

219.9 

 

 

218.3 

 

 

See the accompanying notes to the unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

2

 


 

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME/(LOSS)

 (Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

($ in millions)

 

May 4,

 

 

April 28,

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

Net income/(loss)

$

(348)

 

$

(163)

Other comprehensive income/(loss), net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

Real estate investment trusts (REITs)

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gain/(loss) on REITs

 

 

 

27 

Retirement benefit plans

 

 

 

 

 

Reclassification for amortization of net actuarial loss/(gain)

 

28 

 

 

40 

Reclassification for amortization of prior service cost/(credit)

 

(1)

 

 

(2)

Total other comprehensive income/(loss), net of tax

 

30 

 

 

65 

Total comprehensive income/(loss), net of tax

$

(318)

 

$

(98)

 

 

See the accompanying notes to the unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

3

 


 

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(In millions, except per share data)

 

May 4,

 

 

April 28,

 

 

February 2,

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

 

 

2013

Assets

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash in banks and in transit

$

163 

 

$

184 

 

$

121 

Cash short-term investments

 

658 

 

 

655 

 

 

809 

    Cash and cash equivalents

 

821 

 

 

839 

 

 

930 

Merchandise inventory

 

2,798 

 

 

3,084 

 

 

2,341 

Income tax receivable

 

 

 

386 

 

 

57 

Deferred taxes

 

113 

 

 

156 

 

 

106 

Prepaid expenses and other

 

199 

 

 

217 

 

 

249 

Total current assets

 

3,932 

 

 

4,682 

 

 

3,683 

Property and equipment (net of accumulated depreciation of $3,104, $3,071 and $2,880)

 

5,690 

 

 

5,126 

 

 

5,353 

Prepaid pension

 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

Other assets

 

743 

 

 

1,231 

 

 

745 

Total Assets

$

10,372 

 

$

11,039 

 

$

9,781 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Merchandise accounts payable

$

1,248 

 

$

984 

 

$

1,162 

Other accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

1,524 

 

 

1,222 

 

 

1,395 

Short-term borrowings

 

850 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

Current portion of capital leases and note payable

 

26 

 

 

 

 

26 

Current maturities of long-term debt

 

 -

 

 

230 

 

 

 -

Total current liabilities

 

3,648 

 

 

2,437 

 

 

2,583 

Long-term capital leases and note payable

 

82 

 

 

 

 

88 

Long-term debt

 

2,868 

 

 

2,868 

 

 

2,868 

Deferred taxes

 

250 

 

 

924 

 

 

388 

Other liabilities

 

658 

 

 

871 

 

 

683 

Total Liabilities

 

7,506 

 

 

7,103 

 

 

6,610 

Stockholders' Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock(1)

 

110 

 

 

109 

 

 

110 

Additional paid-in capital

 

3,812 

 

 

3,767 

 

 

3,799 

Reinvested earnings

 

32 

 

 

1,204 

 

 

380 

Accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss)

 

(1,088)

 

 

(1,144)

 

 

(1,118)

Total Stockholders’ Equity

 

2,866 

 

 

3,936 

 

 

3,171 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

$

10,372 

 

$

11,039 

 

$

9,781 

 

(1) 1,250 million shares of common stock are authorized with a par value of $0.50 per share. The total shares issued and outstanding were 219.9 million, 218.4 million and 219.3 million as of May 4, 2013,  April 28, 2012 and February 2, 2013, respectively.

 

See the accompanying notes to the unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

4

 


 

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

($ in millions)

 

May 4,

 

 

April 28,

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

Net income/(loss)

$

(348)

 

$

(163)

Adjustments to reconcile net income/(loss) to net cash provided by/(used in) operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Restructuring and management transition

 

37 

 

 

12 

Asset impairments and other charges

 

 

 

Net gain on sale of operating asset

 

(16)

 

 

 -

Depreciation and amortization

 

136 

 

 

125 

Benefit plans

 

17 

 

 

38 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

12 

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

 

 -

 

 

(11)

Deferred taxes

 

(164)

 

 

21 

Change in cash from:

 

 

 

 

 

Inventory

 

(457)

 

 

(168)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

50 

 

 

Merchandise accounts payable

 

85 

 

 

(38)

Current income taxes

 

55 

 

 

(144)

Accrued expenses and other

 

(154)

 

 

(269)

Net cash provided by/(used in) operating activities

 

(752)

 

 

(577)

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures

 

(214)

 

 

(107)

Acquisition

 

 -

 

 

(9)

Proceeds from sale of operating asset

 

18 

 

 

 -

Net cash provided by/(used in) investing activities

 

(196)

 

 

(116)

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from short-term borrowings

 

850 

 

 

 -

Payments of capital leases and note payable

 

(5)

 

 

 -

Financing costs

 

(8)

 

 

(2)

Dividends paid, common

 

 -

 

 

(43)

Proceeds from stock options exercised

 

 

 

68 

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

 

 -

 

 

11 

Tax withholding payments for vested restricted stock

 

(3)

 

 

(9)

Net cash provided by/(used in) financing activities

 

839 

 

 

25 

Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

(109)

 

 

(668)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

930 

 

 

1,507 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

821 

 

$

839 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental cash flow information

 

 

 

 

 

Income taxes received/(paid), net

 

90 

 

 

(4)

Interest received/(paid), net

 

(84)

 

 

(90)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental non-cash investing and financing activity

 

 

 

 

 

Increase/(decrease) in other accounts payable related to purchases of property and equipment

 

280 

 

 

(16)

 

 

 

 

 

 

See the accompanying notes to the unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

5

 


 

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

 

NOTES TO INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

1.  Basis of Presentation and Consolidation

     

Basis of Presentation

J. C. Penney Company, Inc. is a holding company whose principal operating subsidiary is J. C. Penney Corporation, Inc. (JCP). JCP was incorporated in Delaware in 1924, and J. C. Penney Company, Inc. was incorporated in Delaware in 2002, when the holding company structure was implemented. The holding company has no independent assets or operations, and no direct subsidiaries other than JCP. The holding company and its consolidated subsidiaries, including JCP, are collectively referred to in this quarterly report as “we,” “us,” “our,” “ourselves” or the “Company,” unless otherwise indicated.

     

J. C. Penney Company, Inc. is a co-obligor (or guarantor, as appropriate) regarding the payment of principal and interest on JCP’s outstanding debt securities. The guarantee of certain of JCP’s outstanding debt securities by J. C. Penney Company, Inc. is full and unconditional.

     

These unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).  The accompanying unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements, in our opinion, include all material adjustments necessary for a fair presentation and should be read in conjunction with the audited Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 2, 2013 (2012 Form 10-K). We follow substantially the same accounting policies to prepare quarterly financial statements as are followed in preparing annual financial statements. A description of such significant accounting policies is included in the 2012 Form 10-K. The February 2, 2013 financial information was derived from the audited Consolidated Financial Statements, with related footnotes, included in the 2012 Form 10-K. Because of the seasonal nature of the retail business, operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year.

     

Fiscal Year

Our fiscal year ends on the Saturday closest to January 31.  As used herein, “three months ended May 4, 2013” and “three months ended April 28, 2012” refer to the 13-week periods ended May 4, 2013 and April 28, 2012, respectively.  Fiscal year 2013 contains 52 weeks and fiscal year 2012 contained 53 weeks.

     

Basis of Consolidation

All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.  Certain reclassifications were made to prior period amounts to conform to the current period presentation.  None of the reclassifications affected our net income/(loss) in any period. 

     

Use of Estimates and Assumptions

The preparation of unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements, in conformity with GAAP, requires us to make assumptions and use estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  The most significant estimates relate to: inventory valuation under the retail method; valuation of long-lived assets and indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairments; estimation of reserves and valuation allowances specifically related to closed stores, insurance, income taxes, litigation and environmental contingencies and pension accounting. While actual results could differ from these estimates, we do not expect the differences, if any, to have a material effect on the unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.   

6

 


 

2.  Earnings/(Loss) per Share

   

Net income/(loss) and shares used to compute basic and diluted earnings/(loss) per share (EPS) are reconciled below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

(in millions, except per share data)

 

 

May 4,

 

 

April 28,

 

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

Earnings/(loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income/(loss)

 

$

(348)

 

$

(163)

Shares

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding (basic shares)

 

 

219.9 

 

 

218.3 

Adjustment for assumed dilution:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock options, restricted stock awards and warrant

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

Weighted average shares assuming dilution (diluted shares)

 

 

219.9 

 

 

218.3 

EPS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

(1.58)

 

$

(0.75)

Diluted

 

$

(1.58)

 

$

(0.75)

   

The following average potential shares of common stock were excluded from the diluted EPS calculation because their effect would have been anti-dilutive:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

(Shares in millions)

 

 

May 4,

 

 

April 28,

 

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

Stock options, restricted stock awards and warrant

 

 

25.4 

 

 

25.4 

 

 

3Credit Facility 

 

On February 8, 2013, J. C. Penney Company, Inc., JCP and J. C. Penney Purchasing Corporation (Purchasing) entered into an amended and restated revolving credit agreement in the amount up to $1,850 million (2013 Credit Facility), which replaces the Company’s prior credit agreement entered into in January 2012, with largely the same syndicate of lenders under the previous agreement, with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent. The 2013 Credit Facility matures on April 29, 2016, increases the letter of credit sublimit to $750 million from $500 million and provides an accordion feature that could potentially increase the size of the facility by an additional amount not to exceed $400 million.

  

The 2013 Credit Facility is an asset-based revolving credit facility and is secured by a perfected first-priority security interest in substantially all of our eligible credit card receivables, accounts receivable and inventory.  The 2013 Credit Facility is available for general corporate purposes, including the issuance of letters of credit.  Pricing under the 2013 Credit Facility is tiered based on JCP’s senior unsecured long-term credit ratings issued by Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. and Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services.  JCP’s obligations under the 2013 Credit Facility are guaranteed by J. C. Penney Company, Inc.

  

Availability under the 2013 Credit Facility is limited to a borrowing base which allows us to borrow up to 85% of eligible accounts receivable, plus 90% of eligible credit card receivables, plus 85% of the liquidation value of our inventory, net of certain reserves. Letters of credit reduce the amount available to borrow by their face value.  In the event that availability under the 2013 Credit Facility is at any time less than the greater of (1) $125 million or (2) 10% of the lesser of the total facility or the borrowing base then in effect, for a period of at least 30 days, the Company will be subject to a fixed charge coverage ratio covenant of 1.0 to 1.0 which is calculated as of the last day of the quarter and measured on a trailing four-quarter basis.   As of the end of the first quarter, our fixed charge coverage ratio was below 1.0 to 1.0.    

  

On April 12, 2013, we borrowed $850 million under the 2013 Credit Facility.  The borrowing bears interest at a base rate (as defined in the 2013 Credit Facility) plus a spread of 2.0% per annum and has a maturity date of April 4, 2014.  As of the end of the first quarter of 2013, all of the borrowing remains outstanding and currently bears an interest rate of 5.25% per annum.  As of the end of the first quarter of 2013, we had $469 million in standby and import letters of credit outstanding under the 2013 Credit Facility, the majority of which are standby letters of credit that support workers’ compensation and our merchandise initiatives.  None of the standby or import letters of credit have been drawn on.  The applicable rate for standby and import letters of credit was 3.00% and 1.50%, respectively, while the required commitment fee was 0.50% for the unused portion of the 2013 Credit Facility.  As of the end of the first quarter of 2013, we had $526 million available for borrowing under the 2013 Credit Facility subject to limitations of the fixed charge coverage ratio.

7

 


 

4Fair Value Disclosures 

 

In determining fair value, the accounting standards establish a three-level hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value, as follows:

 

Level 1 — Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2 — Significant observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for similar assets and liabilities, such as quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.

Level 3 — Significant unobservable inputs reflecting our own assumptions, consistent with reasonably available assumptions made by other market participants.

 

REIT Assets Measured on a Recurring Basis

The market value of our investment in public REIT assets are accounted for as available-for-sale securities and are carried at fair value on an ongoing basis in Other assets in the unaudited Interim Consolidated Balance SheetsWe determined the fair value of our investments in REITs using quoted market prices.  There were no transfers in or out of any levels during any period presented.  Our REIT assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REIT Assets at Fair Value

 

 

 

 

 

Quoted Prices in Active

 

 

Significant Other

 

 

Significant

($ in millions) 

 

Cost

 

 

Markets of Identical Assets

 

 

Observable Inputs

 

 

Unobservable Inputs

 

 

Basis

 

 

(Level 1)

 

 

(Level 2)

 

 

(Level 3)

May 4, 2013

$

 

$

37 

 

$

 -

 

$

 -

April 28, 2012

 

80 

 

 

379 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

February 2, 2013

 

 

 

33 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

       

Other Financial Instruments

Carrying values and fair values of financial instruments that are not carried at fair value in the Consolidated Balance Sheets are as follows:

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

May 4, 2013

 

April 28, 2012

 

February 2, 2013

($ in millions)

 

Carrying

 

 

Fair

 

 

Carrying

 

 

Fair

 

 

Carrying

 

 

Fair

 

 

Amount

 

 

Value

 

 

Amount

 

 

Value

 

 

Amount

 

 

Value

Long-term debt, including current maturities

$

2,868 

 

$

2,670 

 

$

3,098 

 

$

3,060 

 

$

2,868 

 

$

2,456 

Cost investment

 

36 

 

 

 -

 

 

36 

 

 

 -

 

 

36 

 

 

 -

 

The fair value of long-term debt is estimated by obtaining quotes from brokers or is based on current rates offered for similar debt.  The cost investment is for equity securities that are not registered and freely tradable shares and their fair values are not readily determinable; however, we believe the carrying value approximates or is less than the fair value.

 

As of May 4, 2013,  April 28, 2012 and February 2, 2013, the fair values of cash and cash equivalents and accounts payable approximate their carrying values due to the short-term nature of these instruments. In addition, the fair values of short-term borrowings, capital lease commitments and the note payable approximate their carrying values.  These items have been excluded from the table above.  

 

Concentrations of Credit Risk

We have no significant concentrations of credit risk.

 

 

8

 


 

5Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

The following table shows the change in the components of stockholders’ equity for the three months ended May 4, 2013:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

of

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

Reinvested

 

 

Other

 

 

Total

(in millions)

Common

 

 

Common

 

 

Paid-in

 

 

Earnings/

 

 

Comprehensive

 

 

Stockholders’

 

Shares

 

 

Stock

 

 

Capital

 

 

(Loss)

 

 

Income/(Loss)

 

 

Equity

February 2, 2013

219.3 

 

$

110 

 

$

3,799 

 

$

380 

 

$

(1,118)

 

$

3,171 

Net income/(loss)

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(348)

 

 

 -

 

 

(348)

Other comprehensive income/(loss)

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

30 

 

 

30 

Stock-based compensation

0.6 

 

 

 -

 

 

13 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

13 

May 4, 2013

219.9 

 

$

110 

 

$

3,812 

 

$

32 

 

$

(1,088)

 

$

2,866 

 

The tax effects allocated to each component of other comprehensive income/(loss) are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

May 4, 2013

 

 

April 28, 2012

 

 

 

 

Income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tax

 

 

 

($ in millions)

Gross

 

(Expense)/

 

Net

 

Gross

 

(Expense)/

 

Net

 

Amount

 

Benefit

 

Amount

 

Amount

 

Benefit

 

Amount

REITs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gain/(loss) on REITs

$

 

$

(1)

 

$

 

$

43 

 

$

(16)

 

$

27 

Retirement benefit plans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reclassification for amortization of net actuarial loss/(gain)

 

44 

 

 

(16)

 

 

28 

 

 

64 

 

 

(24)

 

 

40 

Reclassification for amortization of prior service cost/(credit)

 

(1)

 

 

 -

 

 

(1)

 

 

(4)

 

 

 

 

(2)

Total

$

47 

 

$

(17)

 

$

30 

 

$

103 

 

$

(38)

 

$

65 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The following table shows the changes in accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) balances for the three months ended May 4, 2013:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated Other

($ in millions)

Gain/(Loss)

 

Net Actuarial

 

Prior Service

 

Comprehensive

 

on REITs

 

Gain/(Loss)

 

Credit/(Cost)

 

Income/(Loss)

February 2, 2013

$

17 

 

$

(1,121)

 

$

(14)

 

$

(1,118)

Other comprehensive income before reclassifications

 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income

 

 -

 

 

28 

 

 

(1)

 

 

27 

Net current-period other comprehensive income

 

 

 

28 

 

 

(1)

 

 

30 

May 4, 2013

$

20 

 

$

(1,093)

 

$

(15)

 

$

(1,088)

    

9

 


 

Reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income/(Loss)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

($ in millions)

 

May 4,

 

 

April 28,

 

Line Item in the Unaudited

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations

Amortization of retirement benefit plans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Actuarial loss/(gain)(1)

$

44 

 

$

64 

 

Pension

Prior service cost/(credit)(1)

 

 

 

 -

 

Pension

Prior service cost/(credit)(1)

 

(2)

 

 

(4)

 

SG&A

Tax expense/(benefit)

 

(16)

 

 

(22)

 

Income tax expense/(benefit)

Total, net of tax

 

27 

 

 

38 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total reclassifications

$

27 

 

$

38 

 

 

 

 (1) These accumulated other comprehensive components are included in the computation of net periodic benefits expense/(income).  See Note 7 for additional details.

 

 

 

 

 

6Stock-Based Compensation 

 

We grant stock-based compensation awards to employees and non-employee directors under our equity compensation plan.  On May 18, 2012, our stockholders approved the J. C. Penney Company, Inc. 2012 Long-Term Incentive Plan (2012 Plan), reserving 7 million shares for future grants (1.5 million newly authorized shares plus up to 5.5 million reserved but unissued shares from our prior 2009 Long-Term Incentive Plan (2009 Plan)).  In addition, shares underlying any outstanding stock award or stock option grant cancelled prior to vesting or exercise become available for use under the 2012 Plan.  The 2009 Plan terminated on May 18, 2012, except for outstanding awards, and all subsequent awards have been granted under the 2012 Plan.  As of May 4, 2013, there were approximately 2 million shares of stock available for future grant under the 2012 Plan.

        

On March 4, 2013, we granted off-cycle awards to employees consisting of approximately 70,000 stock options at an option price of $16.74 and a fair value of $7.88 per option and approximately 94,000 time-based restricted stock units (RSU’s) with a fair value of $16.74 per RSU award.

  

On April 3, 2013, we made an annual grant to employees consisting of approximately 3.2 million stock options at an option price of $14.43 and a fair value of $7.07 per option, approximately 621,000 RSU’s with a fair value of $14.43 per RSU award and approximately 962,000 performance-based restricted stock units (PBRSU’s) with a fair value of $14.43 per PBRSU award.    The number of PBRSUs that ultimately vest is dependent on the achievement of a 2013 internal profitability target (performance condition).

                

The following table presents total stock-based compensation costs by line item in the unaudited Interim Consolidated Statements of Operations:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

($ in millions)

 

May 4,

 

 

April 28,

 

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

 

SG&A

$

 

$

11 

 

Cost of goods sold

 

 

 

 

Restructuring and management transition (Note 8)

 

 

 

 

Total stock-based compensation

$

14 

 

$

21 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 


 

7.  Retirement Benefit Plans

 

The components of net periodic benefit expense/(income) for our non-contributory qualified defined benefit pension plan (Primary Pension Plan), non-contributory supplemental pension plans and contributory postretirement health and welfare plan are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

May 4,

 

 

April 28,

Primary Pension Plan

 

2013

 

 

2012

Service cost

$

20 

 

$

23 

Interest cost

 

51 

 

 

62 

Expected return on plan assets

 

(85)

 

 

(94)

Amortization of actuarial loss/(gain)

 

38 

 

 

58 

Amortization of prior service cost/(credit)

 

 

 

 -

Net periodic benefit expense/(income)

$

25 

 

$

49 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental Pension Plans

 

 

 

 

 

Service cost

$

 -

 

$

 -

Interest cost

 

 

 

Amortization of actuarial loss/(gain)

 

 

 

Amortization of prior service cost/(credit)

 

 -

 

 

 -

Net periodic benefit expense/(income)

$

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

Primary and Supplemental Pension Plans Total

 

 

 

 

 

Service cost

$

20 

 

$

23 

Interest cost

 

54 

 

 

65 

Expected return on plan assets

 

(85)

 

 

(94)

Amortization of actuarial loss/(gain)

 

44 

 

 

64 

Amortization of prior service cost/(credit)

 

 

 

 -

Net periodic benefit expense/(income)

$

34 

 

$

58 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Postretirement Health and Welfare Plan

 

 

 

 

 

Service cost

$

 -

 

$

 -

Interest cost

 

 -

 

 

 -

Amortization of actuarial loss/(gain)

 

 -

 

 

 -

Amortization of prior service cost/(credit)

 

(2)

 

 

(4)

Net periodic benefit expense/(income)

$

(2)

 

$

(4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Retirement Benefit Plans Total

 

 

 

 

 

Service cost

$

20 

 

$

23 

Interest cost

 

54 

 

 

65 

Expected return on plan assets

 

(85)

 

 

(94)

Amortization of actuarial loss/(gain)

 

44 

 

 

64 

Amortization of prior service cost/(credit)

 

(1)

 

 

(4)

Net periodic benefit expense/(income)

$

32 

 

$

54 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net periodic benefit expense/(income) for our noncontributory postretirement health and welfare plan is predominantly included in SG&A expense in the unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations.

      

Defined Contribution Plans  

Our defined contribution plans include a qualified Savings, Profit-Sharing and Stock Ownership Plan (401(k) plan), which includes a non-contributory retirement account, and a non-qualified contributory unfunded mirror savings plan offered to certain members of management. Total expense for our defined contribution plans for the first quarters of 2013 and 2012 was $14 million and $15 million, respectively, and was predominantly included in SG&A expenses in the unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations. 

 

 

11

 


 

8Restructuring and Management Transition

 

The composition of restructuring and management transition charges was as follows:    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

Cumulative

($ in millions)

 

May 4,

 

 

April 28,

 

 

Amount Through

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

 

 

May 4, 2013

Supply chain

$

 -

 

$

 

$

60 

Home office and stores

 

28 

 

 

45 

 

 

182 

Store fixtures

 

28 

 

 

 -

 

 

106 

Management transition

 

16 

 

 

20 

 

 

187 

Other

 

 -

 

 

 

 

48 

Total

$

72 

 

$

76 

 

$

583 

   

Supply chain

As a result of consolidating and streamlining our supply chain organization as part of a restructuring program that began in 2011, during the three months ended April 28, 2012 we recorded charges of $6 million related to increased depreciation, termination benefits and unit closing costs. This restructuring activity was completed during the third quarter of 2012.

 

Home office and stores

During the three months ended May 4, 2013 and April 28, 2012, we recorded $28 million and $45 million, respectively, of charges associated with employee termination benefits for actions to reduce our store and home office expenses.    

     

Store fixtures

During the three months ended May 4, 2013, we recorded $9 million of charges for the impairment of certain store fixtures related to our former shop strategy that were used in our prototype department store and  $6 million of charges for the write-off of store fixtures related to the current renovations in our home department.   In addition, we recorded $13 million of increased depreciation as a result of shortening the useful lives of fixtures in our department stores that were replaced during the quarter or are expected to be replaced during 2013 with the build out of our home department and other attractions.

 

Management transition

We implemented several changes within our management leadership team that resulted in management transition costs of $16 million and $20 million for the three months ended May 4, 2013 and April 28, 2012, respectively, for both incoming and outgoing members of management.     

    

Other

During the three months ended April 28, 2012, we recorded miscellaneous restructuring charges of $5 million primarily related to the exit of our specialty websites CLADTM and Gifting GraceTM.  

 

Activity for the restructuring and management transition liability for the three months ended May 4, 2013 was as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

($ in millions)

 

Supply

 

 

Home Office

 

 

Store

 

 

Management

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chain

 

 

and Stores

 

 

Fixtures

 

 

Transition

 

 

Other

 

 

Total

February 2, 2013

$

 

$

 

$

 -

 

$

 -

 

$

12 

 

$

18 

Charges

 

 -

 

 

28 

 

 

28 

 

 

16 

 

 

 -

 

 

72 

Cash payments

 

(1)

 

 

(14)

 

 

 -

 

 

(1)

 

 

(1)

 

 

(17)

Non-cash

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(28)

 

 

(9)

 

 

 -

 

 

(37)

May 4, 2013

$

 

$

18 

 

$

 -

 

$

 

$

11 

 

$

36 

 

Non-cash amounts represent charges that do not result in cash expenditures including increased depreciation and write-off of store fixtures and stock-based compensation expense for accelerated vesting related to terminations.

 

 

12

 


 

9.  Real Estate and Other, Net

 

Real estate and other consists of ongoing operating income from our real estate subsidiaries whose investments are in REITs, as well as investments in 9 joint ventures that own regional mall properties.  Real estate and other also includes net gains from the sale of facilities and equipment that are no longer used in operations, asset impairments and other non-operating charges and credits.  The composition of real estate and other, net was as follows:    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

($ in millions)

 

May 4,

 

 

April 28,

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

Dividend income from REITs

$

 -

 

$

(3)

Investment income from joint ventures

 

(2)

 

 

(3)

Gain on sale of operating asset

 

(16)

 

 

 -

Other

 

(4)

 

 

(1)

Real estate and other (income)/expense, net

$

(22)

 

$

(7)

 

During the first quarter of 2013, we sold our leasehold interest of a former department store location with a net book value of $2 million for net proceeds of $18 million, realizing a gain of $16 million.

 

 

10Litigation, Other Contingencies and Guarantees

 

Litigation  

Macy’s Litigation

On August 16, 2012, Macy’s, Inc. and Macy’s Merchandising Group, Inc. (together the Plaintiffs) filed suit against J. C. Penney Corporation, Inc. in the Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York, alleging that the Company tortiously interfered with, and engaged in unfair competition relating to a 2006 agreement between Macy’s and Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia, Inc. (MSLO) by entering into a partnership agreement with MSLO in December 2011.  The Plaintiffs seek primarily to prevent the Company from implementing our partnership agreement with MSLO as it relates to products in the bedding, bath, kitchen and cookware categories.  The suit was consolidated with an already-existing breach of contract lawsuit by the Plaintiffs against MSLO, and a bench trial commenced on February 20, 2013.  On March 7, 2013, the judge adjourned the trial until April 8, 2013, and ordered the parties into mediation.  The parties did not reach a settlement, and the trial continued on April 8, 2013.  The parties concluded their presentations of evidence on April 26, 2013, and the Court ordered post-trial briefs to be filed by May 31, 2013.  The Court will then schedule closing arguments.  While no assurance can be given as to the ultimate outcome of this matter, we currently believe that the final resolution of this action will not have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position, liquidity or capital resources.

 

Other Legal Proceedings

We are subject to various legal and governmental proceedings involving routine litigation incidental to our business. Reserves have been established based on our best estimates of our potential liability in certain of these matters. These estimates have been developed in consultation with in-house and outside counsel. While no assurance can be given as to the ultimate outcome of these matters, management currently believes that the final resolution of these actions, individually or in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position, liquidity or capital resources. 

 

Contingencies

As of May 4, 2013,  we estimated our total potential environmental liabilities to range from $18 million to $25 million and recorded our best estimate of $20 million in other liabilities in the unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheet as of that date. This estimate covered potential liabilities primarily related to underground storage tanks, remediation of environmental conditions involving our former drugstore locations and asbestos removal in connection with approved plans to renovate or dispose of our facilities. We continue to assess required remediation and the adequacy of environmental reserves as new information becomes available and known conditions are further delineated. If we were to incur losses at the upper end of the estimated range, we do not believe that such losses would have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position, liquidity or capital resources.

 

13

 


 

Guarantees

As of May 4, 2013, we had a guarantee totaling $20 million for the maximum exposure on insurance reserves established by a former subsidiary included in the sale of our Direct Marketing Services business.

 

In connection with the sale of the operations of our outlet stores, we assigned leases on 10 outlet store locations to the purchaser.  As part of the assignment agreements, we became third guarantor for all 10 of the assigned lease agreements.  In the event of lease default by the purchaser, our maximum obligation under the lease guarantees, as of May 4, 2013, is $18 million, assuming acceleration of all lease payments.  The 10 leases have expiration dates beginning in June 2014 with the last lease expiring in November 2020.    

 

In connection with the redemption of two million of our Simon Property Group, L.P. (SPG) REIT units, we agreed to make future capital contributions to SPG under certain circumstances.  Capital contributions would be required only if (i) one or more unsecured senior notes or term loans of SPG are in default and (ii) the aggregate amount received and/or realized by the lenders with respect to such notes or loans upon the exhaustion of all other remedies available to them is less than the maximum amount of all capital contribution commitments of the Company and other parties with similar commitments.  Our contribution obligation is subject to a maximum aggregate amount of $360 million, and is proportionate to our share of all similar commitments provided by the Company and other parties. Under certain circumstances, including the disposition of its remaining SPG REIT units, the Company can terminate its obligation.  The possibility that we would be required to make a contribution is considered remote, and as such, no amount has been recorded in the unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

11.  Subsequent Events

 

Tender Offer

On April 30, 2013 we announced the commencement of a cash tender offer (Tender Offer) and consent solicitation for our 7.125% Debentures Due 2023 (Notes) for total consideration consisting of an amount equal to $1,350 per $1,000 principal amount of Notes, including a consent payment in the amount equal to $50 per $1,000 principal amount of Notes.  We solicited consents to effect certain proposed amendments to the indenture, as amended and supplemented, governing the Notes (the Indenture) that would eliminate most of the restrictive covenants and certain events of default and other provisions in the Indenture (Proposed Amendments). 

 

On May 14, 2013, we announced that we had amended our previously announced Tender Offer (Amended Tender Offer) and related solicitation of consents to extend the expiration date of the consent solicitation and to increase the tender consideration.  The Amended Tender Offer increased the total consideration from $1,350 to $1,450 per $1,000 principal amount of the Notes (Amended Tender Offer Consideration); extended the expiration date of the consent solicitation from May 13, 2013 to May 20, 2013 (Consent Expiration) and extended the expiration of the tender offer from May 28, 2013 to June 4, 2013 (Expiration Time). 

 

Holders that validly tendered their Notes prior to the Consent Expiration, as extended, received the Amended Tender Offer Consideration. Holders that validly tendered their Notes after the Consent Expiration, as extended, but prior to the Expiration Time, as extended, received only the tender offer consideration of $1,400 per $1,000 principal amount of the Notes (Tender Offer Consideration).  Holders whose Notes were accepted for purchase in the Amended Tender Offer also received accrued and unpaid interest to, but not including, the applicable payment date for the Notes.  On May 22, 2013, we accepted for purchase $243 million in aggregate principal amount of the Notes, representing 95.41% of the outstanding principal amount, for aggregate Amended Tender Offer Consideration of $352 million, resulting in a loss on the extinguishment of debt of $111 million.    On June 5, 2013, we accepted for purchase an additional $2 million in aggregate principal amount of the Notes, for aggregate Tender Offer Consideration of $3 million, resulting in a loss on the extinguishment of debt of $1 million.  As a result of receiving the requisite consent of the Holders of at least 662/3% of aggregate principal amount of Notes outstanding, the Proposed Amendments were approved and become operative.

  

Term Loan Facility

On May 22, 2013, we entered into a new $2.25 billion five-year senior secured term loan facility (2013 Term Loan Facility).  The 2013 Term Loan Facility is guaranteed by J. C. Penney Company, Inc. and certain subsidiaries of JCP, and is secured by mortgages on certain real estate of JCP and the guarantors, in addition to substantially all other assets of JCP and the guarantors.  Proceeds of the 2013 Term Loan Facility were used to fund the Amended Tender Offer and will be used to fund ongoing working capital requirements and general corporate purposes. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14

 


 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

General

 

J. C. Penney Company, Inc. is a holding company whose principal operating subsidiary is J. C. Penney Corporation, Inc. (JCP).   JCP was incorporated in Delaware in 1924, and J. C. Penney Company, Inc. was incorporated in Delaware in 2002, when the holding company structure was implemented. The holding company has no independent assets or operations and no direct subsidiaries other than JCP. The holding company and its consolidated subsidiaries, including JCP, are collectively referred to in this quarterly report as “we,” “us,” “our,” “ourselves” or the “Company,” unless otherwise indicated.

 

The holding company is a co-obligor (or guarantor, as appropriate) regarding the payment of principal and interest on JCP’s outstanding debt securities. The guarantee of certain of JCP’s outstanding debt securities by the holding company is full and unconditional.

 

This discussion is intended to provide information that will assist the reader in understanding our financial statements, the changes in certain key items in those financial statements from period to period, and the primary factors that accounted for those changes, how operating results affect the financial condition and results of operations of our Company as a whole, as well as how certain accounting principles affect the financial statements. It should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements as of February 2, 2013, and for the year then ended, and related Notes and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A), all contained in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 2, 2013 (2012 Form 10-K).    Unless otherwise indicated, all references to earnings/(loss) per share (EPS) are on a diluted basis and all references to years relate to fiscal years rather than to calendar years.

 

First Quarter Summary and Key Developments

 

§

For the first quarter of 2013, our net loss was $348 million, or $1.58 per share, compared to a net loss of $163 million, or $0.75 per share, for the corresponding prior year quarter.  Results for this quarter included $72 million ($44 million after taxes), or $0.20 per share, of restructuring and management transition charges and $25 million ($15  million after taxes), or $0.07 per share, for the impact of our qualified defined benefit pension plan (Primary Pension Plan) expense.

 

§

For the first quarter of 2013, sales were $2,635 million, a decrease of 16.4% as compared to the corresponding quarter in 2012. Comparable store sales decreased 16.6% for the first quarter of 2013.    Sales through jcp.com decreased 19.9%, to $217 million.    

 

§

For the first quarter of 2013, gross margin as a percentage of sales was 30.8% compared to 37.6% in the same period last year. The decrease in gross margin as a percentage of sales was primarily due to a change in the merchandise sales mix compared to the same period last year.

 

§

Selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses decreased $82 million, or 7.1%, for the first quarter of 2013 as compared to the corresponding quarter in 2012 as we continue to realize the benefits from our cost savings initiatives.

 

§

On February 8, 2013, we entered into an amended and restated revolving credit facility in an amount up to $1,850 million.  On April 12, 2013, we borrowed $850 million under the amended and restated revolving credit facility with a maturity date of April 4, 2014.

 

§

On March 15, 2013, we opened women’s Joe Fresh® attractions in nearly 700 of our department stores.

 

§

On May 22, 2013, we accepted for purchase $243 million in aggregate principal amount of our 7.125% Debentures due 2023 (Notes), representing 95.41% of the outstanding principal amount of Notes for total consideration of $352 million pursuant to our previously announced cash tender offer and consent solicitation for the Notes, resulting in a loss on the extinguishment of debt of $111 million.    On June 5, 2013, we accepted for purchase an additional $2 million in aggregate principal amount of Notes, for total consideration of $3 million, resulting in a loss on the extinguishment of debt of $1 million. 

 

§

On May 22, 2013, we closed on a $2.25 billion five-year senior secured term loan that is guaranteed by J. C. Penney Company, Inc. and certain subsidiaries of JCP, and is secured by mortgages on certain real estate of JCP and the guarantors, in addition to substantially all other assets of JCP and the guarantors.    

 

§

During the second quarter, the Company will open a newly designed and merchandised home department featuring new brand partners such as Michael Graves, Jonathan Adler and Sir Terence Conran, among others. 

  

 

15

 


 

Results of Operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

($ in millions, except EPS)

 

May 4,

 

 

April 28,

 

 

2013

 

 

2012

Total net sales

$

2,635 

 

$

3,152 

Percent increase/(decrease) from prior year

 

(16.4)%

 

 

(20.1)%

Comparable store sales increase/(decrease)(1)

 

(16.6)%

 

 

(18.9)%

Gross margin

 

812 

 

 

1,186 

Operating expenses/(income):

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

1,078 

 

 

1,160 

Primary pension plan

 

25 

 

 

49 

Supplemental pension plans

 

 

 

Total pension

 

34 

 

 

58 

Depreciation and amortization

 

136 

 

 

125 

Real estate and other, net

 

(22)

 

 

(7)

Restructuring and management transition

 

72 

 

 

76 

Total operating expenses

 

1,298 

 

 

1,412 

Operating income/(loss)

 

(486)

 

 

(226)

Adjusted operating income/(loss) (non-GAAP)(2)

 

(389)

 

 

(48)

Net interest expense

 

61 

 

 

56 

Income/(loss) before income taxes