10-Q 1 amaru_10q-033113.htm FORM 10-Q

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

Mark one:

x QUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d)

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For Quarter Ended March 31, 2013

 

OR

 

o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE

SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

 

For the transition period from to _______

 

Commission File Number 000-32695

 

Amaru, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter.)

 

Nevada 88-0490089
(State of Incorporation) (IRS Employer Identification No.)

 

62 Cecil Street, #06-00 TPI Building, Singapore 049710

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

Registrant's telephone number, including area code (65) 6332 9287

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes [X]     No [_]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated reporting  filer |_| Accelerated filer  |_|
Non-accelerated filer |_| Smaller company |X|
(Do not check if a smaller reporting)  

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  Yes [_]    No [X]

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Common Stock $0.001 par value 199,990,043 shares
(Class) (Outstanding at April 30, 2013)

 

 

 
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the Period Ended March 31, 2013

Table of Contents

 

 

  PAGE
PART I:  FINANCIAL INFORMATION F-1
   
ITEM 1:  CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS F-1
Consolidated Balance Sheets F-1
Consolidated Statements of Operations F-3
Consolidated Statement of Stockholders' Equity and Comprehensive Income F-4
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows F-6
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements F-5 to F-17
   
ITEM 2:  MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS 1
   
ITEM 3:  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK 4
   
ITEM 4:  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES 6
   
   
PART II:  OTHER INFORMATION 7
   
ITEM 1:  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 7
ITEM 1A: RISK FACTORS 7
ITEM 2:  UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS 11
ITEM 3:  DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES 28
ITEM 4:  MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES 12
ITEM 5:  OTHER INFORMATION 12
ITEM 6:  EXHIBITS 12
   
SIGNATURES 13

 

 

i
 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (IN U.S. $)

MARCH 31, 2013 AND DECEMBER 31, 2012

 

 

ASSETS  March 31,
2013
(Unaudited)
   December 31,
2012
 
           
Current assets          
Cash  $185,384   $33,460 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $264,583 and $265,671 at March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively   35,316    54,714 
Equity securities held for trading   398,695    598,429 
Other current assets   178,405    256,061 
           
Total current assets   797,800    942,664 
           
Non-current assets          
Property, plant and equipment, net   5,490    7,256 
Investments, net   1,550,503    1,550,503 
           
Total non-current assets   1,555,993    1,557,759 
           
TOTAL ASSETS  $2,353,793   $2,500,423 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

 

F-1
 

 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (IN U.S. $)

MARCH 31, 2013 AND DECEMBER 31, 2012

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT  March 31,
2013
(Unaudited)
   December 31,
2012
 
           
Current liabilities          
Accounts payable and accrued expenses  $1,540,395   $1,081,530 
Advances from related parties   300,403    300,403 
Convertible term loan   1,699,890    1,898,470 
           
Total current liabilities   3,540,688    3,280,403 
           
Total liabilities   3,540,688    3,280,403 
           
Stockholders’ deficit          
Preferred stock (par value $0.001) 25,000,000 shares authorized; 6,643,054 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively   6,643    6,643 
Common stock (par value $0.001) 400,000,000 shares authorized; 194,656,710 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012   194,657    194,657 
Additional paid-in capital   42,797,837    42,797,837 
Accumulated deficit   (41,581,185)   (41,220,399)
Accumulated other comprehensive income   968,406    968,406 
           
Total Amaru Inc.’s stockholders’ equity   2,386,358    2,747,144 
Noncontrolling interests   (3,573,253)   (3,527,124)
           
Total stockholders’ (deficit)   (1,186,895)   (779,980)
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ (DEFICIT)  $2,353,793   $2,500,423 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

 

F-2
 

 

amaru, Inc. and subsidiaries

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

AND OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (IN U.S. $)

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 and 2012 (Unaudited)

 

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2013   2012 
         
Revenues  $6,910   $2,359 
Cost of services   (25,223)   (19,240)
           
Gross (loss)   (18,313)   (16,881)
           
Operating expenses          
Distribution costs   4,455    6,369 
Bad debts written off   88,700     
Administrative expenses   259,457    183,144 
           
Total expenses   352,612    189,513 
           
(Loss) from operations   (370,925)   (206,394)
           
Other income (expense)          
Interest expenses   (26,582)   (34,205)
Interest income       13 
(Loss) from sales of investment   (10,101)    
Net change in fair value of securities held for trading   (25,718)   48,765 
Other   26,411    2,216 
           
Income (loss) before income taxes   (406,915)   (189,605)
(Provision) benefit for income taxes        
           
Net income (loss) before noncontrolling interests   (406,915)   (189,605)
Noncontrolling interests   (46,129)   (43,250)
           
Net (loss) attributable to common stockholders  $(360,786)  $(146,355)

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

F-3
 

 

amaru, Inc. and subsidiaries

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

AND OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (IN U.S. $)

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 and 2012 (Unaudited)

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2013   2012 
         
Loss per share, basic   (0.00)   (0.00)
Loss per share, diluted   (0.00)   (0.00)
           
Weighted average shares outstanding , basic and diluted   194,656,710    194,656,710 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

 

F-4
 

 

 

 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (IN U.S. $)

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

 Preferred stock

   Common stock         
  Number
of shares
   Par value
($0.001)
   Number of
shares
   Par value
($0.001)
   Additional
paid-in capital
   Accumulated deficit 
                               
Balance at December 31, 2012   6,643,054   $6,643    194,656,710   $194,657   $42,797,837   $(41,220,399)
Subscribed common stock issued                        
Subscribed preferred Stock issued                        
Net income                       (360,786)
 
Balance at March 31, 2013
   6,643,054   $6,643    194,656,710   $194,657   $42,797,837   $(41,581,185)

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

 

F-5
 

 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (IN U.S. $)

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

  Accumulated other comprehensive income         
  Currency translation reserve   Fair value
reserve
   Minority
interest
   Total
shareholders’ equity
 
                     
Balance at December 31, 2012  $12,927   $955,479   $(3,527,124)  $(779,980)
Subscribed common stock issued                
Subscribed preferred Stock issued                
Net income           (46,129)   (406,915)
 
Balance at March 31, 2013
  $12,927   $955,479   $(3,573,253)  $(1,186,895)

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

 

F-6
 

  

Amaru, Inc. and subsidiaries

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS (IN U.S. $)

FOR THE three months ENDED march 31, 2013 AND 2012 (unaudited)

 

  Three Months Ended
March 31
 
   2013   2012 
Cash flows from operating activities          
Net (loss)  $(406,915)  $(189,605)
Adjustment to reconcile net loss to net cash Provided by (used in) operating activities:          
Depreciation   1,766    28,586 
Net change in fair value of securities held for trading   25,718    (48,765)
Loss from sales of securities   10,102      
Change in operating assets and liabilities          
Decrease (increase) in accounts receivable   19,398    (28,547)
Decrease in other current assets   77,656    25,802 
Increase (decrease) in accounts payable and accrued expenses   458,865    (592)
           
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities   186,590    (213,121)
           
Cash flows from investing activities          
Cash proceeds from sales of securities   163,914     
           
Net cash provided by investing activities   163,914     
           
Cash flows from financing activities         
Payable to related parties       (62)
Repayment of obligation under capital lease       (2,153)
Repayment of term loan   (198,580)    
Issuance of preferred stock for cash       63,746 
           
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities   (198,580)   61,531 
           
Net (decrease) in cash   151,924    (151,590)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   33,460    219,348 
           
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period  $185,384   $67,758 
           
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information          
Cash paid for interest  $   $ 
Cash paid for income taxes  $   $ 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

 

F-7
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

1. ORGANIZATION

 

Amaru, Inc. and Subsidiaries (the "Company") hopes to develop the business of broadband entertainment-on-demand, streaming via computers, television sets, PDAs (personal digital assistant) and the provision of broadband services. Its business includes channel and program sponsorship (advertising and branding); online subscriptions, channel/portal development (digital programming services); content aggregation and syndication, broadband consulting services, broadband hosting and streaming services and e-commerce.

 

The Company was also in the business of digit gaming (lottery). The license has been suspended.

 

The key business focus of the company is to establish itself as the provider and creator of a new generation of entertainment-on-demand and e-commerce channels on broadband, and 3G (third generation) devices.

 

The Company delivers both wire and wireless solutions, streaming via computers, TV sets, PDAS and 3G hand phones.

 

The Company's business model in the area of broadband entertainment includes e-services, which would provide the company with multiple streams of revenue. such revenues would be derived from advertising and branding (channel and program sponsorship); on-line subscriptions; channel/portal development (digital programming services); content aggregation and syndication; broadband consulting services; broadband hosting and streaming services; on-line dealerships and pay per view services.

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of accounting and presentation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of Amaru, Inc. and its majority owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. In addition, the company evaluates its relationships with other entities to identify whether they are variable interest entities as defined by Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Section 810 consolidation of variable interest entities and to assess whether it is the primary beneficiary of such entities. If the determination is made that the company is the primary beneficiary, then that entity is included in the consolidated financial statements in accordance with ASC 860.

 

F-8
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Presentation as a going concern

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, which contemplate continuation of the Company as a going concern. The Company has an accumulated deficit of $41,581,185 and $41,220,399 at March 31 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively. The Company also has a working capital deficit of $2,742,888 and $2,337,739 at March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively. The Company has had difficulty in rising adequate additional funding.

 

The items discussed above raise substantial doubts about the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. The Company will require additional equity or debt financing in order to execute its operating plan and continue as a going concern. The Company cannot predict whether this additional financing will be in the form of equity, debt or another form. The Company may not be able to obtain the necessary equity or debt on a timely basis, on acceptable terms, or at all. The Company plans also to attempt to address its working capital deficiency by increasing its sales, maintaining strict expense controls and seeking strategic alliances.

 

In the event that these financing sources do not materialize, or the Company is unsuccessful in increasing its revenues and ultimately returning to profitable operations, the Company will be forced to further reduce its costs, may be unable to repay its debt obligations as they become due or respond to competitive pressures, any of which circumstances would have a material adverse effect on its business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations.

 

The financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and reclassification of recorded asset amounts or amounts and reclassification of liabilities that might be necessary, should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

Use of estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect certain reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

F-9
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Cash

 

The Company considers all demand and time deposits and all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

 

Accounts receivable

 

Accounts receivable is stated at cost, net of an allowance for doubtful accounts, if required. Receivables outstanding longer than the payment terms are considered past due. The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated losses when necessary resulting from the failure of customers to make required payments. The Company reviews the accounts receivable on a periodic basis and makes allowances where there is doubt as to the collectability of individual balances. In evaluating the collectability of individual receivable balances, the Company considers many factors, including the age of the balance, the customer’s payment history, its current credit-worthiness and current economic trends.

 

Property and equipment

 

Property, plant and equipment are recorded at cost, less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes the price paid to acquire or construct the asset, including capitalized interest during the construction period, and any expenditures that substantially increase the assets value or extend the useful life of an existing asset. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. Major repairs and betterments that significantly extend original useful lives or improve productivity are capitalized and depreciated over the periods benefited. Maintenance and repairs are generally expensed as incurred. The estimated useful lives of the assets range from 3 to 5 years.

 

F-10
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Film library

 

Investment in the Company's film library includes movies, dramas, comedies and documentaries in which the Company has acquired distribution rights from a third party. For acquired films, these capitalized costs consist of minimum guarantee payments to acquire the distribution rights. Costs of acquiring the Company's film libraries are amortized using the individual-film-forecast method in accordance with ASC 926, "Accounting for Producers and Distributors of Films," whereby these costs are amortized and participations and residuals costs are accrued in the proportion that current year's revenue bears to management's estimate of ultimate revenue at the beginning of the current year expected to be recognized from the exploitation, exhibition or sale of the films. Ultimate revenue for acquired films includes estimates over a period not to exceed twenty years following the date of acquisition. Investments in films are stated at the lower of amortized cost or estimated fair value.

 

The valuation of investment in films is reviewed on a overall basis, when an event or change in circumstances indicates that the fair value of the film library is less than its unamortized cost. The fair value of the film is determined using management's future revenue and cost estimates and a discounted cash flow approach. Additional amortization is recorded in the amount by which the unamortized costs exceed the estimated fair value of the film. Estimates of future revenue involve measurement uncertainty and it is therefore possible that reductions in the carrying value of investment in films may be required as a consequence of changes in management's future revenue estimates.

 

The Company most recently completed an impairment evaluation in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2009. The film library was determined to be impaired during the year ended December 31, 2009. In conducting the analysis, the Company used a discounted cash flow approach in estimating fair value as market values could not be readily determined given the unique nature of the respective assets. Based upon the analysis the Company determined that carrying amount of the film library exceeded its fair value by $19,166,406, as reflected Note 7.

 

Intangible assets

 

Intangible assets consist of gaming, software license and product development costs. Intangible assets which were purchased for a specific period are stated at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses. Such intangible assets are reviewed for impairment in accordance with ASC 350, Accounting for Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets. Such intangible assets are amortized over the period of the contract, which is 2 to 18 years.

 

F-11
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Investments

 

The Company classifies its investments in marketable equity and debt securities as "available-for-sale", "held to maturity" or "trading" at the time of purchase in accordance with "Accounting for Certain Investments in Debt and Equity Securities." Equity securities held for trading as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012 were $398,695, and $598,429, respectively. The changes relates to an unrealized loss of $21,906 and an unrealized gain of $48,765, were recognized for March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

 

Available-for-sale securities are carried at fair value with unrealized gains and losses, net of related tax, if any, reported as a component of other comprehensive income (loss) until realized. Realized gains and losses from the sale of available-for-sale securities are determined on a specific-identification basis. A decline in the market value of any available-for-sale security below cost that is deemed to be other than temporary will result in an impairment, which is charged to earnings.

 

Investments that are not publicly traded or have resale restrictions greater than one year are accounted for at cost. The Company's cost method investments include companies involved in the broadband and entertainment industry. The Company uses available qualitative and quantitative information to evaluate all cost method investments for impairment at least annually. An impairment is booked when there is an other-than-temporary difference between the carrying amount and fair value of the investment that would result in a loss.

 

F-12
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Valuation of long-lived assets

 

The Company accounts for long-lived assets under ASC 360,"Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-lived Assets". Management assesses the recoverability of its long-lived assets, which consist primarily of fixed assets and intangible assets with finite useful lives, whenever events or changes in circumstance indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. The following factors, if present, may trigger an impairment review: (i) significant underperformance relative to expected historical or projected future operating results; (ii) significant negative industry or economic trends; (iii) significant decline in the Company's stock price for a sustained period; and (iv) a change in the Company's market capitalization relative to net book value. If the recoverability of these assets is unlikely because of the existence of one or more of the above-mentioned factors, an impairment analysis is performed using a projected discounted cash flow method. Management must make assumptions regarding estimated future cash flows and other factors to determine the fair value of these respective assets. If these estimates or related assumptions change in the future, the Company may be required to record an impairment charge. Impairment charges would be included in the Company's consolidated statements of operations, and would result in reduced carrying amounts of the related assets on the Company's consolidated balance sheets.

 

Fair value of financial instruments

 

ASC 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy under ASC 820 are described below:

 

Level 1 Inputs – Unadjusted quoted market prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 Inputs – Quoted prices in markets that not active, or inputs that are observable, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.

 

Level 3 Inputs – Prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable (supported by little or no market activity).

 

F-13
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Fair value of financial instruments (continued)

 

The following table sets forth the Company's financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value by level within the fair value hierarchy. As required by ASC 820, assets and liabilities are

 

classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

 

The table below sets forth a summary of the fair values of the Company's financial assets and liabilities as of March 31, 2013:

 

    Total   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3
                 
Assets:                
Equity securities held for trading $ 398,695 $ 398,695 $ - $ -
  $ 398,695 $ 398,695 $ - $ -
                 

The Company's equity securities held for trading are classified within the Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy and are valued using quoted market prices reported on the active market on which the securities are traded.

 

The table below sets forth a summary of the fair values of the Company's financial assets and liabilities as of December 31, 2012:

 

    Total   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3
                 
Assets:                
Equity securities held for trading $ 598,429 $ 598,429 $ - $ -
  $ 598,429 $ 598,429 $ - $ -
                 

The investment located in Cambodia represents 10 percent of the issued common stock of an untraded company; that investment is carried at its fair value as of March 31 2013 and December 31, 2012 of $1,550,503, in the consolidated balance sheets. Another investment located in Singapore represents 8 percent of the issued common stock of an untraded company. The original investment of $116,136 as of December 31, 2011 was fully impaired. In 2013, all investments were classified as long term with $1,550,503 as its fair value.

 

F-14
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Advances from related party

 

Advances from a director and related party of $300,403 at March 31, 2013 are unsecured, non-interest bearing and payable on demand.

 

Leases

 

The Company is the lessee of equipment under a capital lease expiring in 2014. The assets and liabilities under capital leases are recorded at the lower of the present value of the minimum lease payments or the fair value of the asset. The Company sold the equipment and paid liability in full during the second quarter of 2012. The assets are amortized over the lesser of their related lease terms or their estimated useful lives for the three months ended March 31, 2012. At March 31, 2013, total future minimum lease commitments under such lease are nil.

 

Foreign currency translation

 

Transactions in foreign currencies are measured and recorded in the functional currency, U.S. dollars, using the Company's prevailing month exchange rate. The Company's reporting currency is also in U.S. dollars. At the balance sheet date, recorded monetary balances that are denominated in a foreign currency are adjusted to reflect the rate at the balance sheet date and the operations statement accounts using the average exchange rates throughout the period. Translation gains and losses are recorded in stockholders' equity as other Comprehensive income and realized gains and losses from foreign currency transactions are reflected in operations.

 

Revenues

 

The Company's primary sources of revenue are from the sales of advertising space on interactive websites owned by the Company; distribution and licensing of content to our partners, broadband consulting services, and gaming revenue from our digital games.

 

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with Accounting Standard Codification (ASC) 605-10 Revenue is recognized only when the price is fixed or determinable, persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the service or product is performed or delivered and collectability of the resulting receivable is reasonably assured.

 

F-15
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Revenues (continued)

 

Website advertising revenue is recognized on a cost per thousand impressions (CPM) or cost per click (CPC), and flat-fee basis. The Company earns CPM or CPC revenue from the display of graphical advertisements. An impression is delivered when an advertisement appears in pages viewed by users. Revenue from graphical advertisement impressions is recognized based on the actual impressions delivered in the period. Revenue from flat-fee services is based on a customer's period of contractual service and is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the contract. Proceeds from subscriptions are deferred and are included in revenue on a pro-rata basis over the term of the subscriptions.

 

The Company enters into contractual arrangements with customers to license and distribute content; revenue is earned from content licenses, and content syndication. Agreements with these customers are typically for multi-year periods. For each arrangement, revenue is recognized when both parties have signed an agreement, the fees to be paid by the customer are fixed or determinable, collection of the fees is probable, the delivery of the service has occurred, and no other significant obligations on the part of the Company remain. Licensing and content syndication revenue is recognized when the license period begins, and the contents are available for exploitation by the customer, pursuant to the terms of the license agreement.

 

The Company enters into contractual arrangements with customers on broadband consulting services and on-line turnkey solutions. Revenue is earned over the period in which the services are rendered. For each arrangement, revenue is recognized when a written agreement between both parties exist, the fees to be paid by the customer are fixed or determinable, collection of the fees is probable, and fulfillment of the obligations under the agreement has occurred. Revenue from broadband consulting services and on-line turnkey solutions is recognized over the period in which the services are rendered, by reference to completion of the specific transaction assessed on the basis of the actual services provided as a proportion of the total services to be performed. It is generally recognized from the date of acceptance and fulfillment of obligations under the sale and purchase agreement.

 

F-16
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Cost of services

 

The cost of services pertaining to advertising and sponsorship revenue and subscription and related services are the cost of bandwidth charges, channel design and alteration, copyright licensing, and hardware hosting and maintenance costs. The cost of services pertaining to E-commerce revenue is channel design and alteration, and hardware hosting and maintenance costs. The cost of services pertaining to gaming is for managing and operating the operations and gaming centers. All these costs are accounted for in the period its was incurred.

 

Income taxes

 

Deferred income taxes are determined using the asset and liability method in accordance with ASC 740, Accounting for Income Taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred income taxes are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in years in which such temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred income taxes of a change in tax rates is recognized in the statement of operations in of the period that includes the enactment date. In addition, a valuation allowance is established to reduce any deferred tax asset for which it is determined that it is more likely than not that some portion of the deferred tax asset will not be realized.

 

The Company files income tax returns in the United States Federal jurisdiction and certain states in the United States and certain other foreign jurisdictions. The Company is beyond the statute of limitations subjecting it to U.S. Federal and state income tax examinations by tax authorities for years before 2008 and 2007, respectively. No income tax returns are currently under examination by any tax authorities.

 

F-17
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Income (Loss) per share

 

The Company computes net income (loss) per common share in accordance with FASB ASC 260, “Earnings Per Share” (“ASC 260”) and SEC SAB 98. Under the provisions of ASC 260 and SAB 98, basic net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing the net income available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted income per common share is computed by dividing the amount available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding plus the effect of any dilutive shares outstanding during the period. The Company has no common stock equivalents, which would dilute earnings per share.

 

Fair value of financial instruments

 

The carrying amounts for the Company's cash, other current assets, accounts payable, advances from related parties accrued expenses and other liabilities approximate their fair value due to their short term nature. Investments that are not publicly traded or have resale restrictions greater than one year are accounted for at cost. Trading securities are held at fair value based upon prices quoted on an exchange.

 

Advertising

 

The cost of advertising is expensed as incurred. For the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, the Company incurred advertising expenses of $1,698 and $1,447, respectively.

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain amounts in the previous periods presented have been reclassified to conform to the current year financial statement presentation.

 

 

F-18
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

3. RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

 

On March 5, 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-05 to provide guidance for whether to release cumulative translation adjustments (“CTA”) upon certain derecognition events. The update was issued to resolve the diversity in practice about whether Subtopic ASC 810-10, “Consolidation-Overall,” or ASC 830-30, “Foreign Currency Matters-Translation of Financial Statements,” applies to such transactions. ASU 2013-05 is effective prospectively for all entities with derecognition events after the effective date. For public entities, the guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 31, 2013. ASC 830-30 applies when an entity ceases to have a controlling financial interest in a subsidiary or group of assets that is a business within a foreign entity. Consequently, the CTA is released into net income only if the transaction results in complete or substantially complete liquidation of the foreign entity in which the subsidiary or group of assets resided. Otherwise, no portion of the CTA is released. The adoption of this pronouncement is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial condition or results of operations.

 

In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-12, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05. The amendments of this ASU are effective at the same time as the amendments in ASU No. 2011-05, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Presentation of Comprehensive Income, so that entities will not be required to comply with the presentation requirements in ASU No. 2011-05 that ASU No. 2011-12 is deferring. All other requirements in ASU No. 2011-05 are not affected by ASU No. 2011-12, including the requirement to report comprehensive income either in a single continuous financial statement or in two separate but consecutive financial statements. Public entities should apply these requirements for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-11, Balance Sheet Topic 210): Disclosures about Offsetting Assets and Liabilities. Offsetting, otherwise known as netting, is the presentation of assets and liabilities as a single net amount in the statement of financial position (balance sheet). Unlike IFRS, U.S. GAAP allows companies the option to present net in their balance sheets derivatives that are subject to a legally enforceable netting arrangement with the same party where rights of set-off are only available in the event of default or bankruptcy.

 

ASU 2011-11 requires an entity to disclose information about offsetting and related arrangements to enable users of its financial statements to understand the effect of those arrangements on its financial position. An entity is required to apply the amendments for annual reporting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2013, and interim periods within those annual periods. An entity should provide the disclosures required by those amendments retrospectively for all comparative periods presented. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

 

F-19
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

3. RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS (continued)

 

In October 2012, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update 2012-04 (“ASU 2012-04”), Technical Corrections and Improvements. The amendments in this update cover a wide range of topics and include technical corrections and improvements to the Accounting Standards Codification. The amendments in ASU 2012-04 will be effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2012. The Company will adopt ASU 2012-04 on February 1, 2013. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2012-04 to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

In July 2012, the FASB issued an authoritative pronouncement related to testing indefinite-lived intangible assets, other than goodwill, for impairment. Under the pronouncement, entities testing indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment would have the option of performing a qualitative assessment before calculating the fair value of the asset. If an entity determines, on the basis of qualitative factors, that the indefinite-lived intangible asset is not more likely than not impaired, a quantitative fair value calculation would not be needed. The amendments are effective for annual and interim impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after September 15, 2012. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this pronouncement is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial condition or results of operations.

 

In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-05, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Presentation of Comprehensive Income. This ASU allows an entity the option to present the total of comprehensive income, the components of net income, and the components of other comprehensive income either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. In both choices, an entity is required to present each component of net income along with total net income, each component of other comprehensive income along with a total for other comprehensive income, and a total amount for comprehensive income. ASU 2011-05 eliminates the option to present the components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of changes in stockholders' equity. The amendments to the Codification in the ASU do not change the items that must be reported in

 

 

F-20
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

3. RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS (continued)

 

other comprehensive income or when an item of other comprehensive income must be reclassified to net income. ASU 2011-05 should be applied retrospectively. For public entities, the amendments are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company has adopted this guidance. The adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

In May 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-04, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs. This ASU represents the converged guidance of the FASB and the IASB (the Boards) on fair value measurement. The collective efforts of the Boards and their staffs, reflected in ASU 2011-04, have resulted in common requirements for measuring fair value and for disclosing information about fair value measurements, including a consistent meaning of the term "fair value." The Boards have concluded the common requirements will result in greater comparability of fair value measurements presented and disclosed in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP and IFRS. The amendments to the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (Codification) in this ASU are to be applied prospectively. For public entities, the amendments are effective during interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

4. EQUITY SECURITIES HELD FOR TRADING INVESTMENT

 

   March 31,
2013
   December 31,
2012
 
           
Equity security, at fair value.  $398,695   $598,429 
           

The fair value of the security is based on the quoted closing market price on the date of Sale and Purchase agreement. The investment in the equity security at fair value includes a unrealized loss of $21,906 and a unrealized gain of $48,765 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively

 

F-21
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

5. OTHER CURRENT ASSETS

 

Other current assets consist of the following:

 

   March 31, 2013   December 31, 2012 
           
Prepayments  $38,094   $49,355 
Deposits   36,646    38,162 
Other receivables   103,665    168,544 
   $178,405   $256,061 
           

The $100,000 non-interest bearing loan that was made to a third party was included in other receivable as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012.

 

6. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

 

Property and equipment consist of the following:

 

   March 31, 2013   December 31,
2012
 
           
Office equipment  $929,179   $929,179 
Motor vehicle   11,000    11,000 
Furniture, fixture and fittings   89,960    89,960 
Pony set-top boxes   843,946    843,946 
    1,874,085    1,874,085 
Accumulated depreciation   (1,868,595)   (1,866,829)
   $5,490   $7,256 

 

Depreciation expense was $1,768 and $28,586 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

 

F-22
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

7. FILM LIBRARY

 

Film library consist of the following:

 

   March 31, 2013   December 31, 2012 
           
Acquired film library  $23,686,731   $23,686,731 
Accumulated amortization   (4,520,325)   (4,520,325)
    19,166,406    19,166,406 
Impairment of film library   (19,166,406)   (19,166,406)
Film library  $   $ 
           

No amortization expense was incurred for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012.

 

8. INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

Intangible assets consist of the following:

 

   March 31, 2013   December 31, 2012 
           
Finite-lived intangible assets          
Gaming license  $7,090,000   $7,090,000 
Product development expenditures   719,220    719,220 
Software license   12,649    12,649 
    7,821,869    7,821,869 
Accumulated amortization   (1,974,328)   (1,974,328)
    5,847,541    5,847,541 
Impairment loss   (5,847,541)   (5,847,541)
   $   $ 
           

No amortization expense was incurred for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012.

 

F-23
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

9. INVESTMENTS - NET

 

Investments held at cost consist of the following:

 

   March 31, 2013   December 31, 2012 
         
Current:        
Unquoted securities  $-   $- 
         
Non-current:          
Unquoted securities   2,802,613    2,802,613 
Impairment on unquoted securities   (1,252,110)   (1,252,110)
           
   $1,550,503   $1,550,503 
           

The Company's $2,802,613 investment at cost, operates a casino in Cambodia. During the year ended 2010, the Company decided to hold this investment for a period greater than one year and reclassified it to long term. This investment is subject to numerous risks, including:

 

-difficulty enforcing agreements through the Cambodia's legal system;

-general economic and political conditions in Cambodia; and

-the Cambodian government may adopt regulations or take other actions that could directly or indirectly harm the investment's business and growth strategy.

 

The occurrence of any one of the above risks could harm this investment's business and results of operations. Management reviews this investment on a quarterly basis. The impairment on the investment was nil for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and year ended December 31, 2012.

 

F-24
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

10. COMMITMENTS

 

Capital Leases

 

The Company is the lessee of equipment under capital leases expiring in various years through 2014. The assets and liabilities under capital leases are recorded at the lower of the present value of the minimum lease payments or the fair value of the asset. The assets are amortized over the lesser of their related lease terms or their estimated useful lives. Depreciation of assets under capital leases is included in depreciation expense for 2013 and 2012. Interest rates on capitalized leases is fixed at 2.85%. The Company sold the equipment and paid liability in full in the second quarter of 2012. At March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, total future minimum lease commitments under such lease is nil.

 

Operating Leases

 

The Company leases facilities and equipment under operating leases expiring through 2013. Total rental expense on operating leases for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012 was $ 29,226 and $30,003, respectively. The Company leases one of its offices at a monthly rental of approximately $9,676 under an operating lease which expired on August 14, 2012 and was renewed until August 14, 2014 at a monthly rental of approximately $9,676. As of March 31, 2013, the future minimum lease payments are as follows:

 

For the year ended    
December 31,  Operating 
      
2013   87,084 
2014   77,408 
   $164,492 
      

 

F-25
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

11. INCOME TAXES

 

The Company files separate tax returns in Singapore and the United States of America.

 

The Company had approximately 4,700,000 in deferred tax assets as of March 31, 2013 and provided a valuation allowance of $4,700,000 as of March 31, 2012.

 

The Company had available approximately $8,400,000 of unused U.S. net operating loss carry-forwards at March 31, 2013, carry-forwards expire for U.S. income tax purposes beginning in 2026. There is no assurance the Company will realize the benefit of the net operating loss carry-forwards.

 

The Company requires a valuation allowance to be recorded when it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. As of March 31, 2013 the Company maintained a valuation allowance for the U.S. deferred tax asset related to net operating loss carry forward due to uncertainties as to the amount of the taxable income from U.S. operations that will be realized.

 

The Company had available approximately $11,500,000 of unused Singapore tax losses and capital allowance carry-forwards at March 31, 2013, that may be applied against future Singapore taxable income indefinitely provided the company satisfies the shareholdings test for carry-forward of tax losses and capital allowances.

 

The Company files income tax returns in U.S. federal and various state jurisdictions. The Company is beyond the statute of limitations subjecting it to U.S. federal and state income tax examinations by tax authorities for years before 2008 and 2007, respectively. The Company is not currently subject to any income tax examinations by any tax authority. Should a tax examination be opened, management does not anticipate any tax adjustments, if accepted, that would result in a material change to its financial position.

 

12. CONVERTIBLE TERM LOAN

 

   March 31, 2013   December 31, 2012 
         
Current:        
Convertible loan  $1,699,890   $1,898,470 
   $1,699,890   $1,898,470 
           

 

F-26
 

AMARU, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND 2012 (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

12. CONVERTIBLE TERM LOAN (continued)

 

The convertible loan represents a two year convertible loan drawn down by a subsidiary company. It bears interest at a fixed rate of 5.0% per annum. The loan allowed the lender the option to convert the loan into shares of the subsidiary company at the issue price of $0.942 per share at the end of the two years period. The due date of the loan was July 7, 2010. The conversion period of the convertible loan was extended for an additional twelve months commencing July 8, 2010 and was further extended to June 29, 2012. The Company is negotiating to obtain a further extension of the convertible loan, with interest being accrued on the outstanding loan balance at 5% per annum. The accrued interest was $26,582 and $130,600 as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively.

 

F-27
 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

PRELIMINARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

ALL FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS CONTAINED HEREIN ARE DEEMED BY THE COMPANY TO BE COVERED BY AND TO QUALIFY FOR THE SAFE HARBOR PROTECTION PROVIDED BY THE PRIVATE SECURITIES LITIGATION REFORM ACT OF 1995. PROSPECTIVE SHAREHOLDERS SHOULD UNDERSTAND THAT SEVERAL FACTORS GOVERN WHETHER ANY FORWARD - LOOKING STATEMENT CONTAINED HEREIN WILL BE OR CAN BE ACHIEVED. ANY ONE OF THOSE FACTORS COULD CAUSE ACTUAL RESULTS TO DIFFER MATERIALLY FROM THOSE PROJECTED HEREIN. THESE FORWARD - LOOKING STATEMENTS INCLUDE PLANS AND OBJECTIVES OF MANAGEMENT FOR FUTURE OPERATIONS, INCLUDING PLANS AND OBJECTIVES RELATING TO THE PRODUCTS AND THE FUTURE ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF THE COMPANY. ASSUMPTIONS RELATING TO THE FOREGOING INVOLVE JUDGMENTS WITH RESPECT TO, AMONG OTHER THINGS, FUTURE ECONOMIC, COMPETITIVE AND MARKET CONDITIONS, FUTURE BUSINESS DECISIONS, AND THE TIME AND MONEY REQUIRED TO SUCCESSFULLY COMPLETE DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS, ALL OF WHICH ARE DIFFICULT OR IMPOSSIBLE TO PREDICT ACCURATELY AND MANY OF WHICH ARE BEYOND THE CONTROL OF THE COMPANY. ALTHOUGH THE COMPANY BELIEVES THAT THE ASSUMPTIONS UNDERLYING THE FORWARD - LOOKING STATEMENTS CONTAINED HEREIN ARE REASONABLE, ANY OF THOSE ASSUMPTIONS COULD PROVE INACCURATE AND, THEREFORE, THERE CAN BE NO ASSURANCE THAT THE RESULTS CONTEMPLATED IN ANY OF THE FORWARD - LOOKING STATEMENTS CONTAINED HEREIN WILL BE REALIZED. BASED ON ACTUAL EXPERIENCE AND BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT, THE COMPANY MAY ALTER ITS MARKETING, CAPITAL EXPENDITURE PLANS OR OTHER BUDGETS, WHICH MAY IN TURN AFFECT THE COMPANY'S RESULTS OF OPERATIONS. IN LIGHT OF THE SIGNIFICANT UNCERTAINTIES INHERENT IN THE FORWARD - LOOKING STATEMENTS INCLUDED THEREIN, THE INCLUSION OF ANY SUCH STATEMENT SHOULD NOT BE REGARDED AS A REPRESENTATION BY THE COMPANY OR ANY OTHER PERSON THAT THE OBJECTIVES OR PLANS OF THE COMPANY WILL BE ACHIEVED.

 

General

 

The Company is in the business of broadband entertainment-on-demand, streaming via computers, television sets, and 3G (Third Generation) devices and the provision of broadband services. Its business includes channel and program sponsorship (advertising and branding); online subscriptions, channel/portal development (digital programming services); content aggregation and syndication, broadband consulting services, broadband hosting and streaming services and E-commerce.

 

The Company was also in the business of digit gaming (lottery). The Company has an 18 year license to conduct nationwide lottery in Cambodia. The Company through its subsidiary, M2B Commerce Limited, signed an agreement with Allsports Limited, a British Virgin Islands company to operate and conduct digit games in Cambodia and to manage the digit games in Cambodia. On March 25, 2009, the Company was notified that the digit games were suspended by the Cambodia Government as part of the suspension of all lotteries in Cambodia. Although the Company is still a holder of the license, it cannot use it for the gaming business until the suspension of the digit games is lifted. At this time, the suspension of the digit games is expected to be permanent as the Government of Cambodia has closed the gaming business by the order of its Ministry of Economy and Finance.

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with selected financial data and the financial statements and notes to financial statements.

 

OVERVIEW

 

The business focus of the Company is Entertainment-on-Demand and E-Commerce Channels on Broadband, and 3G (Third Generation) devices.

 

For the broadband, the Company delivers both wire and wireless solutions, streaming via computers, TV sets, PDAs and 3G hand phones.

 

The Company's business model in the area of broadband entertainment includes focuses on e-services, which would provide the Company with multiple streams of revenue. Such revenues would be derived from advertising and branding (channel and program sponsorship); on-line subscriptions; channel/portal development (digital programming services); content aggregation and syndication; broadband consulting services; broadband hosting and streaming services; and on-line dealerships; and pay per view services.

 

In fiscal 2008, the business was reorganized under the following entities to spearhead the expansion of the Company's business and focus on specific growth areas and territories.

 

1
 

M2B WORLD PTE. LTD.

 

M2B World Pte. Ltd. was incorporated on April 3, 2003. This subsidiary used to oversee the management and operation of the Company as a whole and oversees the Asian business. With effect from September 1, 2006, the Company's Asian business was overseen by another subsidiary, M2B World Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd.

 

The Company took an investment on May 16, 2005 for a 9.1% equity position with a company called Activ Lifestyle Pte Ltd in Singapore to help facilitate Amaru Inc.'s diversification into the health and wellness market.On September 27, 2005, the Company raised its investment in Activ Lifestyle Pte Ltd to 12.6%. This was further increased to 17.4% as of December 31, 2006.

 

In December 2005, M2B World Pte. Ltd. sold 81% equity interests of its wholly-owned subsidiary, M2B Game World Pte. Ltd. to Auston International Group Ltd (Auston), a public listed company in Singapore, in exchange for 27% equity interest in Auston. As of December 31, 2008, the Company disposed all of its common shares in Auston. As of the date of this report, the Company holds no shares in Auston.

 

M2B WORLD, INC.

 

M2B World, Inc., a California corporation, was incorporated on January 24, 2005. This subsidiary handles and oversees the Company's business in the U.S. The Company has not renewed its office lease in West Hollywood in August 2011, and currently does not maintain an office space in the US.

 

On May 27, 2005, M2B World, Inc. entered into an agreement with Indie Vision Films, Inc., a California corporation, to purchase 20% of the beneficial ownership of Indie Vision Films, Inc. which provided to M2B World, Inc. access the library of programs of Indie Vision Films, Inc. The Company entered into an agreement on December 22, 2009 with Indie Vision Films, Inc to convert its investment into content rights, thereby giving up its 20% share of beneficial ownership in lieu of library rights that the Company could exploit commercially for international use.

 

M2B WORLD ASIA PACIFIC PTE. LTD.

 

M2B World Asia Pacific Pte Ltd was incorporated in the Republic of Singapore on 1 August 2006 for the purposes of handling all the business operations of the Company in the Asia Pacific region. This company had taken over the Asian business operations as well as the assets and liabilities of M2B World Pte. Ltd. with effect from September 1, 2006.

 

On January 3, 2007, M2B World Asia Pacific Pte Ltd, issued 7,778,014 shares of common stock through a private placement at a price of $0.77 a share for a total amount of $6,000,000. This had effectively reduced the Company's effective equity interest in M2B World Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd from 100% to 81.6%.

 

On July 8, 2008, M2B World Asia Pacific Pte Ltd signed a two year convertible loan agreement with a third party to raise $2,500,000 in funding. The loan allows the borrower to convert the loan into shares of the Company at the issue price of $0.942 per share at the end of the two years period. The loan bears an interest rate of 5.0% per annum, and will mature in July 7, 2010. The note was obtained from a company in which a board of director is the Joint Company Secretary of the lender. The conversion period of the convertible loan was extended for an additional twelve months commencing July 8, 2010 and was further extended to November 30, 2011.  The loan was further granted extension to June 29, 2012 and an extension of the due date is being negotiated.

 

M2B COMMERCE LIMITED

 

M2B Commerce Limited, a company incorporated in the British Virgin Islands on July 25, 2002, focuses on e-commerce and digit gaming, with a branch in Cambodia that oversees the digit gaming operation in Cambodia.

 

The Company has an agreement with Allsports Limited, a British Virgin Islands company to operate, administer, and manage the lottery digit game activities in Cambodia, as an extension of the Company's entertainment operations. On March 25, 2009, the Company was notified that the digit game were suspended by the Cambodia Government as part of the suspension of all lotteries in Cambodia. At this time, the Company believes that the suspension of the digit game is permanent as the Government of Cambodia has closed the gaming business by the order of its Ministry of Economy and Finance.

 

The company had entered into an investment agreement on January 12, 2006, with Khoo Kim Leng, the beneficial owner of Dai Long Co., Ltd, which holds a valid casino license and freehold land and intends to develop and operate an integrated resort in the Kingdom of Cambodia. The resort will feature a hotel, guest house, shopping arcade, entertainment and amusement center and some gaming tables. As of December 31, 2006, the company had invested $2,402,613 in relation to this investment. The resort was completed and is in operation.

2
 

M2B ENTERTAINMENT, INC.

 

On April 19, 2010, M2B Entertainment, Inc. was dissolved because the Company did not want to continue operations in Canada.

 

M2B AUSTRALIA PTY LTD

 

M2B Australia Pty Ltd was incorporated on June 15, 2005. This subsidiary handles and oversees the Company's business in Australia. As of March 31, 2013, this subsidiary is dormant.

 

M2B WORLD TRAVEL SINGAPORE PTE. LTD.

 

M2B World Travel Singapore Pte Ltd was incorporated in the Republic of Singapore on March 7, 2006. This subsidiary of M2B World Travel Limited launches a global online travel platform which offers global e-travel services.

 

On October 14, 2011, M2B World Travel Singapore was dissolved because the Company did not want to continue its travel operations.

 

AMARU HOLDINGS LIMITED AND M2B WORLD HOLDINGS LIMITED

 

Amaru Holdings Limited and M2B World Holdings Limited are incorporated in the British Virgin Islands on February 21, 2005 and June 15, 2006, respectively. Amaru Holdings Limited focuses on content syndication and distribution in areas other than Asia Pacific region. M2B World Holdings Limited focuses on content syndication and distribution in Asia Pacific region and is a subsidiary of M2B World Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd.

 

TREMAX INTERNATIONAL LIMITED AND M2B WORLD TRAVEL LIMITED

 

Tremax International Limited and M2B World Travel Limited are both incorporated in the British Virgin Islands on June 8, 2006 and May 3, 2005 respectively. Both companies are investment holdings companies.

 

On July 10, 2007, Tremax International Limited entered into a sale and purchase agreement (the "Agreement") with Domaine Group Limited, a British Virgin Islands corporation (the "Vendor"), for the acquisition of CBBN Holdings Limited ("CBBN Holdings"). CBBN Holdings is a 80% beneficial owner of Cosmactive Broadband Networks Co. Ltd ("CBN"), which is a broadband service provider incorporated in Taiwan. The purchase consideration is satisfied in full by the issuance of 5,333,333 of common stock of the Company.

 

On January 22, 2009, the Company approved the termination and rescission of the Agreement, because the seller failed to comply with the terms of the Agreement and did not deliver to the Company or Purchaser the consideration for the issuance of the Amaru Shares. The Company further approved the cancellation of the Amaru Shares.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

REVENUE

 

Financial Statement

 

Revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2013 was $6,910 compared with $2,359 for the same period in 2012.

 

The Company's cash balance was $185,384 at March 31, 2013 compared with $33,460 at December 31, 2012.

 

Revenue

 

Revenue from entertainment for the three months ended March 31, 2013 at $6,910 was higher than revenue of $2,359 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 by $4,551 (193%). It was mainly due to increase in content distribution and licensing revenue from new customers for the three months ended March 31, 2013.

 

Cost of Services

 

Cost of services for the three months ended March 31, 2013 was $25,223 which increased by $5,984 (31%) from $19,240 for the three months ended March 31, 2012. It was mainly due to increase in cost spending on bandwidths and other related production costs by $8,461 (322%) from $2,629 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 to $11,090 for the three months ended March 31, 2013.

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DISTRIBUTION EXPENSES

 

Distribution expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2013 at $4,455 were lower by $1,914 (30%) as compared to the amount of $6,369 incurred for the three months ended March 31, 2012.

 

The lower distribution expenses were attributed to decrease spending on transportation expenses which decreased by $1,842 (91%) from $2,023 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 to $181 for the three months ended March 31, 2013.

 

BAD DEBTS WRITTEN OFF

 

The bad debts written off in 2013 were primarily attributed to the write off of the long outstanding balance of $88,700 from previous accounts receivable and other current assets. There was no bad debts written off for the three months ended March 31, 2012.

 

GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

 

Administration expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2013 at $259,457 were higher by $76,313 (42%) as compared to the amount of $183,144 incurred for the three months ended March 31, 2012.

 

The increase in administrative expenses for the period ended March 31, 2013 was attributed mainly to the increase in:

 

Total staff costs had increased by $24,701 (30 %), from $81,167 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 to $105,868 for the period ended March 31, 2013. .

 

Legal and professional expenses had increased by $25,523 (139%), from $18,309 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 to $43,832 for the three months ended March 31, 2013.

 

(LOSS) INCOME FROM OPERATIONS

 

The Company incurred a loss from operations of $370,925 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 as compared to the loss from operations of $206,394 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 mainly due to increase in general and administrative expenses during 2013.

 

NET LOSS

 

Net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2013, was $406,915 which increased by $217,310 (115%) from net loss of $189,605 for the three months ended March 31, 2012. The increase was mainly due to bad debts written off of $88,700 and increase in general and administrative expenses for the for the three months ended March 31, 2013.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

The Company had cash at $185,384 at March 31, 2013 as compared to cash of $33,460 at December 31, 2012.

 

The Company does not finance its operations through short-term bank credit nor long-term bank loans as it believes that cash generated from its operations will be able to cover its daily running cost and overheads.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2013, the Company had not entered into any transactions using derivative financial instruments or derivative commodity instruments. Accordingly the Company believes its exposure to market interest rate risk is not material.

 

Cash generated from operations will not be able to cover the Company's intended growth and expansion. The Company has plans in 2013 to expand its broadband coverage by launching new broadband sites in Asia Pacific region and Australia. No assurances can be made that such plans will be carried out in a timely manner.

 

The Company intends to raise additional funds, to fund its business expansion; however no assurances can be made that the Company will raise sufficient funds as planned.

 

ITEM 3: QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

The primary objective of our investment activities is to preserve principal while concurrently maximizing the income we receive from our investments without significantly increasing risk. Some of the securities that we may invest in may be subject to market risk. This means that a change in prevailing interest rates may cause the principal amount of the investment to fluctuate. For example, if we hold a security that was issued with a fixed interest rate at the then-prevailing rate and the prevailing interest rate later rises, the current value of the principal amount of our investment will decline. To minimize this risk in the future, we intend to maintain our portfolio of cash equivalents and short-term investments in a variety of securities, including commercial paper, money market funds, high-grade corporate bonds, government and non- government debt securities and certificates of deposit. In general, money market funds are not subject to market risk because the interest paid on such funds fluctuates with the prevailing interest rate. The Company held $562,864 and $598,429 in marketable securities as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012 respectively.

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The Company does not believe that it faces material market risk with respect to its cash and cash equivalents which totaled $185,384 and $33,460 at March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively.

 

The Company has no material long-term obligations or hedging activities.

 

ABILITY TO EXPAND CUSTOMER BASE

 

The Company's future operating results depend on our ability to expand our customer base for broadband services and e-commerce portals. An increase in total revenue depends on our ability to increase the number of broadband and e-commerce portals, in the US, Europe and Asia. The degree of success of this depends on

 

our efforts to establish independent broadband sites in countries where conditions are suitable.
our ability to expand our offerings of content in entertainment and education, to include more niche channels and offerings.

our ability to provide content beyond just personal computers but to encompass television, wireless application devices and 3G hand phones.

 

ABILITY TO ACQUIRE NEW MEDIA CONTENTS

 

The continued ability of the Company to acquire rights to new media contents, at competitive rates, is crucial to grow and sustain the Company's business.

 

AVAILABILITY OF TECHNOLOGICALLY RELIABLE NEW GENERATION OF BROADBAND DEVICES

 

The growth of demand for broadband services is dependent on the wide availability of technologically reliable new generation of broadband devices, at affordable prices to prospective customers of broadband services. The early and widespread availability and market adoption of new generation broadband devices, will significantly impact demand for broadband services and the growth of the Company's business.

 

CAPITAL INVESTMENT IN BROADBAND INFRASTRUCTURE BY GOVERNMENT AND TELCOS

 

The growth of demand for broadband services is dependent on the capital investment in broadband infrastructure by governments and Telcos. A significant source of demand for the Company's broadband services could be from homes and enterprises with access to high-speed broadband connections. The ability of countries to invest in public broadband infrastructure to offer public accessibility is subject to countries' economic health. The Company's prospects for business growth in Asia especially would be impacted by overall economic conditions in the territories that we seek to expand into.

 

COMPETITION FROM BROADBAND CABLE AND TV NETWORKS OPERATORS

 

The competition of services provided by broadband cable network operators and TV networks. As traditional TV networks and cable TV operators provide alternate supply of entertainment and on-demand broadband services, they are in competition with the Company, for market share. The Company, nevertheless, will continue to leverage on its advantage of ownership rights to its own portfolio of media content and its ability to provide broadband services over both the cable and wireless networks, at competitive rates.

 

The Company's business is reliant on complex information technology systems and networks. Any significant system or network disruption could have a material adverse impact on our operations and operating results. The Company's nature of business is highly dependent on the efficient and uninterrupted operation of complex information technology systems networks, may they, either be that of ours, or our Telco/ ISP partners.

 

All information technology systems are potentially vulnerable to damage or interruption from a variety of sources, including but not limited to computer viruses, security breach, energy blackouts, natural disasters and terrorism, war and telecommunication failures.

 

System or network disruptions may arise if new systems or upgrades are defective or are not installed properly. The Company has implemented various measures to manage our risks related to system and network disruptions, but a system failure or security breach could negatively impact our operations and financial results.

 

LAW AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING INTERNET

 

Increased regulation of the Internet or differing application of existing laws might slow the growth of the use of the Internet and online services, which could decrease demand for our services. The added complexity of the law may lead to higher compliance costs resulting in higher costs of doing business.

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UNAUTHORIZED USE OF PROPRIETARY RIGHTS

 

Our copyrights, patents, trademarks, including our rights to certain domain names are very important to M2B's brand and success. While we make every effort to protect and stop unauthorized use of our proprietary rights, it may still be possible for third parties to obtain and use the intellectual property without authorization. The validity, enforceability and scope of protection of intellectual property in Internet-related industries remain uncertain and still evolving. Litigation may be necessary in future to enforce these intellectual property rights. This will result in substantial costs and diversion of the Company's resources and could disrupt its business, as well as have a material adverse effect on its business.

 

LAW AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING BUSINESS

 

As the Company continues to expand its business internationally across different geographical locations there are risks inherent including:

 

1) Trade barriers and changes in trade regulations

2) Local labor laws and regulations

3) Currency exchange rate fluctuations

4) Political, social or economic unrest

5) Potential adverse tax regulation

6) Changes in governmental regulations

 

OUTBREAK OF N1H1 VIRUS FLU PANDEMIC OR SIMILAR PUBLIC HEALTH DEVELOPMENTS

 

Any future outbreak of the N1H1 flu pandemic or similar adverse public health developments may have a material adverse effect on the Company's business operations, financial condition and results of operations.

 

ITEM 4: CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

EVALUATION OF DISCLOSURE CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

A system of disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended [the "Exchange Act"]) are controls and other procedures that are designed to provide reasonable assurance that the information that the Company is required to disclose in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC's rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to the Company's management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. There are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of disclosure controls and procedures, including the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of the controls and procedures. Accordingly, even effective disclosure controls and procedures can only provide reasonable assurance of achieving their control objectives, and management necessarily is required to use its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. In addition, the design of any system of controls is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions. Moreover, over time, controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or the degree of compliance with policies or procedures may deteriorate. Because of the inherent limitations in a control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.

 

At the time of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2013 as of the date hereof, our Chief Executive officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2013. Subsequent to that evaluation, our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, have re-evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined under Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1943, as amended) as of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements because of the identification of the material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting of the film library from the misinterpretation of accounting literature in accordance with United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP"). Thus, the Company recognizes that it has a material weakness in financial reporting due to a lack of staff with adequate knowledge of US GAAP. The Company will correct this weakness by hiring a consultant who is knowledgeable in US GAAP and by providing continuing professional education for the existing staff. It is the Company's intent to have a professional US GAAP consultant available on as needed basis in connection with the preparation of the Company's financial reports. The Company intends to have its senior accounting staff attend classes in US GAAP for a minimum of forty hours per calendar year. The Company believes that such corrective actions should eliminate this material weakness.

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MANAGEMENT'S REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING

 

The Company's management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over the Company's financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f). Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with United States of America generally accepted accounting principles. A Company's internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorization of management and directors of the Company and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding the prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company's assets that could have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In connection with the preparation of this Quarterly Report on Form 10Q, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting based on criteria established in the framework in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission ("COSO"), as supplemented by the COSO publication Internal Control over Financial Reporting - Guidance for Smaller Public Companies.

 

Our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal control over financial reporting will prevent all errors and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within the company have been detected.

 

 

MANAGEMENT'S REMEDIATION INITIATIVES

 

In addition to the re-evaluation discussed above, management has, subsequent to March 31, 2013, implemented the following procedures to address the material weakness noted above, including the following:

 

Enhanced the access to accounting literature, research materials and documents.

 

Identified third party professionals with whom to consult regarding complex accounting applications

 

Looking to additional staff to supplement our current accounting professionals with the requisite experience and training

 

The elements of our remediation plan can only be accomplished over time and we can offer no assurance that these initiatives will ultimately have the intended effects.

 

CHANGES IN INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING

 

There have been no changes in the Company's internal control over financial reporting during the most recently completed fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

PART II: OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1: LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

None

 

ITEM 1A: RISK FACTORS

 

An investment in the Company's common stock involves a high degree of risk. One should carefully consider the following risk factors in evaluating an investment in the Company's common stock. If any of the following risks actually occurs, the Company's business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flow could be materially and adversely affected. In such case, the trading price of the Company's common stock could decline, and one could lose all or part of one's investment. One should also refer to the other information set forth in this report, including the Company's consolidated financial statements and the related notes.

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THE COMPANY CONTINUES TO USE SIGNIFICANT AMOUNTS OF CASH FOR ITS BUSINESS OPERATIONS, WHICH COULD RESULT IN US HAVING INSUFFICIENT CASH TO FUND THE COMPANY'S OPERATIONS AND EXPENSES UNDER OUR CURRENT BUSINESS PLAN. THE COMPANY IS ALSO HOLDING A CONSIDERABLE AMOUNT OF QUOTED EQUITY SECURITIES THAT IS AVAILABLE-FOR-SALE OR HELD FOR TRADING.

 

The Company's liquidity and capital resources remain limited. There can be no assurance that the Company's liquidity or capital resource position would allow us to continue to pursue its current business strategy. The Company's quoted equity securities held as assets are dependent on the market value. Any fluctuations or downturn in the securities market could adversely affect the value of these equity securities held. As a result, without achieving growth in its business along the lines it has projected, it would have to alter its business plan or further augment its cash flow position through cost reduction measures, sales of assets, additional financings or a combination of these actions. One or more of these actions would likely substantially diminish the value of its common stock.

 

THE MARKET MAY NOT BROADLY ACCEPT THE COMPANY'S BROADBAND WEBSITES AND SERVICES, WHICH WOULD PREVENT THE COMPANY FROM OPERATING PROFITABLY.

 

The Company must be able to achieve broad market acceptance for its Broadband websites and services, at a price that provides an acceptable rate of return relative to the Company-wide costs in order to operate profitably. There is no assurance that the market will develop sufficiently to enable the Company to operate its Broadband business profitably. Furthermore, there is no assurance that any of the Company's services will become generally accepted, nor is there any assurance that enough paying users and advertisers will ultimately be obtained to enable us to operate these business profitably.

 

BROADBAND USERS MAY FAIL TO ADOPT THE COMPANY'S BROADBAND SERVICES.

 

The Company's Broadband services are targeted to the growing market of Broadband users worldwide to deliver content and E-commerce in an efficient, economical manner over the Broadband networks. The challenge is to make the Company's business attractive to consumers, and ultimately, profitable. To do so has required, and will require, the Company to invest significant amounts of cash and other resources. There is no assurance that enough paying users and advertisers will ultimately be obtained to enable the Company to operate the business profitably.

 

FAILURE TO SIGNIFICANTLY INCREASE THE COMPANY'S USERS AND ADVERTISERS MAY RESULT IN FAILURE TO ACHIEVE CRITICAL MASS AND REVENUE TO BUILD A SUCCESSFUL BUSINESS.

 

The Company incurs significant up-front costs in connection with the acquisition of content, and bandwidth and network charges. The plan is to obtain recurring revenues in the form of subscription and advertising fees to use the Broadband services, either paid by the users or advertisers.

 

There is no assurance as to whether the Company will be able to maintain, or whether and how quickly the Company will be able to increase its user base, or whether the Company will be able to generate recurring subscription and advertising fees to such a level that would enable this line of business to continue to operate profitably. If the Company is not successful in these endeavors, the Company could be required to revise its business model, exit or reduce the scale of the business, or raise additional capital.

 

COMPETITION IN THE BROADBAND BUSINESS IS EXPECTED TO INCREASE, WHICH COULD CAUSE THE BUSINESS TO FAIL.

 

The Company's Broadband services are targeted to the end user market. As the Broadband penetration rates increase globally, an increasing number of well-funded competitors have entered the market. Companies that compete with the Company's business include telecommunications, cable, content management and network delivery companies.

 

The Company may face increased competition as these competitors partner with others or develop new Broadband websites and service offerings to expand the functionality that they can offer to their customers. These competitors may, over time, develop new technologies and acquire content that are perceived as being more secure, effective or cost efficient than the Company. These competitors could successfully garner a significant share of the market, to the exclusion of the Company. Furthermore, increased competition could result in pricing pressures, reduced margins, or the failure of the business to achieve or maintain market acceptance, any one of which could harm the business.

 

THE INABILITY TO SUCCESSFULLY EXECUTE TIMELY DEVELOPMENT AND INTRODUCTION OF NEW AND RELATED SERVICES AND TO IMPLEMENT TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGES COULD HARM THE BUSINESS.

 

The evolving nature of the Broadband business requires the Company to continually develop and introduce new and related services and to improve the performance, features, and reliability of the existing services, particularly in response to competitive offerings.

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The Company has under development new features and services for its businesses. The Company may also introduce new services. The success of new or enhanced features and services depends on several factors - primarily market acceptance. The Company may not succeed in developing and marketing new or enhanced features and services that respond to competitive and technological developments and changing customer needs. This could harm the business.

 

CAPACITY LIMITS ON THE COMPANY'S TECHNOLOGY AND NETWORK HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE MAY BE DIFFICULT TO PROJECT, AND THE COMPANY MAY NOT BE ABLE TO EXPAND AND/OR UPGRADE ITS SYSTEMS TO MEET INCREASED USE, WHICH WOULD RESULT IN REDUCED REVENUES.

 

While the Company has ample through-put capacity to handle its customers' requirements for the medium term, at some point it may be required to materially expand and/or upgrade its technology and network hardware and software. The Company may not be able to accurately project the rate of increase in usage of its network. In addition, it may not be able to expand and/or upgrade its systems and network hardware and software capabilities in a timely manner to accommodate increased traffic on its network. If the Company does not appropriately expand and/or upgrade our systems and network hardware and software in a timely fashion, it may lose customers and revenues.

 

INTERRUPTIONS TO THE DATA CENTERS AND BROADBAND NETWORKS COULD DISRUPT BUSINESS, AND NEGATIVELY IMPACT CUSTOMER DEMAND FOR THE COMPANY.

 

The Company's business depends on the uninterrupted operation at the data centers and the broadband networks run by the various service providers. The data centers may suffer for loss, damage, or interruption caused by fire, power loss, telecommunications failure, or other events beyond the Company. Any damage or failure that causes interruptions in the Company's operations could materially harm business, financial conditions, and results of operations.

 

In addition, the Company's services depend on the efficient operation of the Internet connections between customers and the data centers. The Company depends on Internet service providers efficiently operating these connections. These providers have experienced periodic operational problems or outages in the past. Any of these problems or outages could adversely affect customer satisfaction and customers could be reluctant to use our Internet related services.

 

THE COMPANY MAY NOT BE ABLE TO ACQUIRE NEW CONTENT, OR MAY HAVE TO DEFEND ITS RIGHTS IN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OF THE CONTENT THAT IS USED FOR ITS SERVICES WHICH COULD BE DISRUPTIVE AND EXPENSIVE TO ITS BUSINESS.

 

The Company may not be able to acquire new content, or may have to defend its intellectual property rights or defend against claims that it is infringing the rights of others, where its content rights are concerned. Intellectual property litigation and controversies are disruptive and expensive. Infringement claims could require us to develop non-infringing services or enter onto royalty or licensing arrangements. Royalty or licensing arrangements, if required, may not be obtainable on terms acceptable to the Company. The business could be significantly harmed if the Company is not able to develop or license new content. Furthermore, it is possible that others may license substantially equivalent content, thus enabling them to effectively compete against us.

 

THE COMPANY DEPENDS ON KEY PERSONNEL.

 

The Company depends on the performance of its senior management team. Its success depends on its ability to attract, retain, and motivate these individuals. There are no binding agreements with any of its employees that prevent them from leaving the Company at any time. There is competition for these people. The loss of the services of any of the key employees or failure to attract, retain, and motivate key employees could harm the business.

 

THE COMPANY RELIES ON THIRD PARTIES.

 

If critical services and products that the Company sources from third parties, such as content and network services were to no longer be made available to the Company or at a considerably higher price than it currently pays for them, and suitable alternatives could not be found, the business could be harmed.

 

THE COMPANY COULD BE AFFECTED BY GOVERNMENT REGULATION.

 

The list of countries to which our solutions and services could not be exported could be revised in the future. Furthermore, some countries may in future impose restrictions on streaming of broadband contents and related services. Failure to obtain the required governmental approvals would preclude the sale or use of services in international markets and therefore, harm the Company's ability to grow sales through expansion into international markets. While regulations in almost all countries in which our business currently operates generally permit the broadband services, such regulations in future may not be as favorable and may impede our ability to develop business.

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THE COMPANY COULD BE AFFECTED BY PIRACY IN ASIA.

 

The Company is in the process of expanding its services globally, and in particular is entering specific countries in Asia with customized country sites. These country sites are designated to suit viewership patterns and styles in the countries they are launched in, and make use of the Company's content and intellectual property rights to the content. The piracy of content is a significant problem in many Asian countries, and it is not uncommon to see movies and television dramas appearing on illegal internet sites, and sold as pirated DVDs and VCDs. The extent of this piracy of content in the specific countries that the Company is launching its sites will adversely affect to a certain degree the amount of advertising and subscription revenues that the Company intends to earn.

 

THE COMPANY COULD BE AFFECTED BY ECONOMIC DOWNTURNS

 

The global economy underwent a massive downturn in 2009, which commenced in the second half of 2008. Many countries were faced with negative growth rates.. Where the media industry was concerned, major corporations reduced their advertising expenditures or even to cut back substantially all advertising and promotional expenditures towards the latter half of 2008. The Company is heavily reliant on advertising and syndication revenues. Any future downturns in any one country that the Company operates its WOWtv service would significantly affect the Company's revenues.

 

OUR COMMON STOCK IS CONSIDERED A "PENNY STOCK". THE APPLICATION OF THE "PENNY STOCK" RULES TO OUR COMMON STOCK COULD LIMIT THE TRADING AND LIQUIDITY OF THE COMMON STOCK, ADVERSELY AFFECT THE MARKET PRICE OF OUR COMMON STOCK AND INCREASE THE TRANSACTION COSTS TO SELL THOSE SHARES.

 

Our common stock is a "low-priced" security or "penny stock" under rules promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. In accordance with these rules, broker-dealers participating in transactions in low-priced securities must first deliver a risk disclosure document which describes the risks associated with such stocks, the broker-dealer's duties in selling the stock, the customer's rights and remedies and certain market and other information. Furthermore, the broker-dealer must make a suitability determination approving the customer for low-priced stock transactions based on the customer's financial situation, investment experience and objectives. Broker-dealers must also disclose these restrictions in writing to the customer, obtain specific written consent from the customer, and provide monthly account statements to the customer. The effect of these restrictions will likely decrease the willingness of broker-dealers to make a market in our common stock, will decrease liquidity of our common stock and will increase transaction costs for sales and purchases of our common stock as compared to other securities.

 

THE STOCK MARKET IN GENERAL HAS EXPERIENCED VOLATILITY THAT OFTEN HAS BEEN UNRELATED TO THE OPERATING PERFORMANCE OF LISTED COMPANIES. THESE BROAD FLUCTUATIONS MAY BE THE RESULT OF UNSCRUPULOUS PRACTICES THAT MAY ADVERSELY AFFECT THE PRICE OF OUR STOCK, REGARDLESS OF OUR OPERATING PERFORMANCE.

 

Shareholders should be aware that, according to SEC Release No. 34-29093 dated April 17, 1991, the market for penny stocks has suffered in recent years from patterns of fraud and abuse. Such patterns include (1) control of the market for the security by one or a few broker-dealers that are often related to the promoter or issuer; (2) manipulation of prices through prearranged matching of purchases and sales and false and misleading press releases; (3) boiler room practices involving high-pressure sales tactics and unrealistic price projections by inexperienced sales persons; (4) excessive and undisclosed bid-ask differential and markups by selling broker-dealers; and (5) the wholesale dumping of the same securities by promoters and broker-dealers after prices have been manipulated to a desired level, along with the resulting inevitable collapse of those prices and with consequent investor losses. The occurrence of these patterns or practices could increase the volatility of our share price.

 

WE DO NOT EXPECT TO PAY DIVIDENDS FOR THE FORESEEABLE FUTURE, AND WE MAY NEVER PAY DIVIDENDS. INVESTORS SEEKING CASH DIVIDENDS SHOULD NOT PURCHASE OUR COMMON STOCK.

 

We currently intend to retain any future earnings to support the development of our business and do not anticipate paying cash dividends in the foreseeable future. Our payment of any future dividends will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors after taking into account various factors, including but not limited to our financial condition, operating results, cash needs, growth plans and the terms of any credit agreements that we may be a party to at the time. In addition, our ability to pay dividends on our common stock may be limited by Nevada state law. Accordingly, investors must rely on sales of their common stock after price appreciation, which may never occur, as the only way to realize a return on their investment. Investors seeking cash dividends should not purchase our common stock.

 

FUTURE SALES OF OUR COMMON STOCK COULD PUT DOWNWARD SELLING PRESSURE ON OUR COMMON STOCK, AND ADVERSELY AFFECT THE PER SHARE PRICE. THERE IS A RISK THAT THIS DOWNWARD PRESSURE MAY MAKE IT IMPOSSIBLE FOR AN INVESTOR TO SELL SHARE OF COMMON STOCK AT ANY REASONABLE PRICE, IF AT ALL.

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Future sales of substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market or the perception that such sales could occur, could put downward selling pressure on our common stock and adversely affect its market price.

 

THE OVER THE COUNTER BULLETIN BOARD IS A QUOTATION SYSTEM, NOT AN ISSUER LISTING SERVICE, MARKET OR EXCHANGE. THEREFORE, BUYING AND SELLING STOCK ON THE OTC BULLETIN BOARD IS NOT AS EFFICIENT AS BUYING AND SELLING STOCK THROUGH AN EXCHANGE. AS A RESULT, IT MAY BE DIFFICULT FOR YOU TO SELL YOUR COMMON STOCK OR YOU MAY NOT BE ABLE TO SELL YOUR COMMON STOCK FOR AN OPTIMUM TRADING PRICE.

 

The Over the Counter Bulletin Board (the "OTC BB") is a regulated quotation service that displays real-time quotes, last sale prices and volume limitations in over-the-counter securities. Because trades and quotations on the OTC Bulletin Board involve a manual process, the market information for such securities cannot be guaranteed. In addition, quote information, or even firm quotes, may not be available. The manual execution process may delay order processing and intervening price fluctuations may result in the failure of a limit order to execute or the execution of a market order at a significantly different price. Execution of trades, execution reporting and the delivery of legal trade confirmations may be delayed significantly. Consequently, one may not be able to sell shares of our common stock at the optimum trading prices.

 

When fewer shares of a security are being traded on the OTC Bulletin Board, volatility of prices may increase and price movement may outpace the ability to deliver accurate quote information. Lower trading volumes in a security may result in a lower likelihood of an individual's orders being executed, and current prices may differ significantly from the price one was quoted by the OTC Bulletin Board at the time of the order entry. Orders for OTC Bulletin Board securities may be canceled or edited like orders for other securities. All requests to change or cancel an order must be submitted to, received and processed by the OTC Bulletin Board. Due to the manual order processing involved in handling OTC Bulletin Board trades, order processing and reporting may be delayed, and an individual may not be able to cancel or edit his order. Consequently, one may not be able to sell shares of common stock at the optimum trading prices.

 

The dealer's spread (the difference between the bid and ask prices) may be large and may result in substantial losses to the seller of securities on the OTC Bulletin Board if the common stock or other security must be sold immediately. Further, purchasers of securities may incur an immediate "paper" loss due to the price spread. Moreover, dealers trading on the OTC Bulletin Board may not have a bid price for securities bought and sold through the OTC Bulletin Board. Due to the foregoing, demand for securities that are traded through the OTC Bulletin Board may be decreased or eliminated.

 

WE GENERATED A NET LOSS OF $384,373 AND $189,605 BEFORE TAXES FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2013 AND MARCH 31, 2012, RESPECTIVELY. WE MAY BE UNABLE TO CONTINUE AS A GOING CONCERN.

 

Our consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis which assumes that we will be able to realize our assets and discharge our liabilities in the normal course of business for the foreseeable future. We generated a consolidated net loss before taxes of $384,373 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 compared to a consolidated net loss before taxes of $189,605 during 2012. We realized a gain cash flow from operating activities of $190,942 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 compared to deficits of $213,181 for the three months ended March 31, 2012. For the three months ended 31 March 2013, we had an accumulated deficit of $41,562,765 and a working capital deficiency of $2,720,344 compared to an accumulated deficit of $41,220,399 and a working capital deficiency of $2,337,739 for the year ended December 31, 2012. At at March 31, 2013, we had a stockholders' deficit of $1,164,353 compared to a stockholders' deficit of $779,980 as at December 31, 2012. Our ability to continue as a going-concern is in substantial doubt as it is dependent on a number of factors including, but not limited to, the receipt of continued financial support from our investors, our ability to raise equity or debt financing as we need it, and whether we will be able to use our securities to meet certain of our liabilities as they become payable. The outcome of these matters is dependent on factors outside of our control and cannot be predicted at this time.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

As of April 11, 2013, the Company issued a total of 226,667 shares of  preferred stock through its private placement of shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock at a purchase price of $0.15 per share for a total amount of $34,000, to an “accredited investor”, as that term is defined in Regulation D of the Securities Act of 1933. Each share of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock is convertible into ten (10) shares of common stock. The total proceeds were used for the working capital of the Company. The shares of the Company's preferred stock in above private placement were issued and sold in reliance upon the exemption provided by Section 4(2) and/or Regulation D/Regulation S of the Securities Act of 1933. Appropriate investment representations were obtained and the securities were issued with restrictive legends.

 

 

ITEM 3: DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

None

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ITEM 4: MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

None

 

ITEM 5: OTHER INFORMATION

 

None

 

ITEM 6: EXHIBITS:

 

Exhibit 31.1 CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT
   
Exhibit 31.2 CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT
   
Exhibit 32.1 CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT
   
Exhibit 32.2 CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT

 

101.INS XBRL Instance Document
   
101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
   
101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
   
101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
   
101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase Document
   
101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

 

 

Amaru, Inc.

(Registrant)

 
       
August 15, 2013 By: /s/ Chua Leong Hin  
    President, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer  

 

 

 

 

 

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