10-K 1 v175216_10k.htm Unassociated Document
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

x
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 26, 2009
or
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to _____
Commission file number 0-31983

GARMIN LTD.
(Exact name of registrant as
specified in its charter)
 

Cayman Islands
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)
 
98-0229227
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
P.O. Box 10670, Grand Cayman KY1-1006
Suite 3206B, 45 Market Street, Gardenia Court
Camana Bay, Cayman Islands
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
 
N/A
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  (345) 640-9050

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Common Shares, $0.005 Per Share Par Value
 
NASDAQ Global Select Market
(Title of each class)
 
(Name of each exchange on which registered)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. YES þ NO o

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. YES o   NO þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. YES þ NO o

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large Accelerated Filer  þ
 
Accelerated Filer o
     
Non-accelerated Filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
YES o   NO þ
 
Aggregate market value of the common shares held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 27, 2009 (based on the closing price of the registrant's common shares on the Nasdaq Stock Market for that date) was $2,975,580,700.

Number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common shares as of February 22, 2010:
Common Shares, $.005 par value – 200,344,095
Documents incorporated by reference:
Portions of the following document are incorporated herein by reference into Part III of the Form 10-K as indicated:
Document
 
Part of Form 10-K into
which Incorporated
Company's Definitive Proxy Statement for the 2010 Annual Meeting of Shareholders which will be filed no later than 120 days after December 26, 2009.
 
Part III
 

 
Garmin Ltd.
 
2009 Form 10-K Annual Report
 
Table of Contents
 
Cautionary Statement With Respect To Forward-Looking Comments
 
3
       
 
Part I
   
       
Item 1.
Business
 
3
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
 
23
Item 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments
 
 34
Item 2.
Properties
 
34
Item 3.
Legal Proceedings
 
35
Item 4.
Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders
 
38
 
Executive Officers of the Registrant
 
38
       
 
Part II
   
       
Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of
   
 
Equity Securities
 
40
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data
 
42
Item 7.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of
   
 
Operations
 
44
Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
60
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
62
Item 9.
Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial
   
 
Disclosure
 
90
Item 9A.
Controls and Procedures
 
91
Item 9B.
Other Information
 
93
       
 
Part III
   
       
Item 10.
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
 
94
Item 11.
Executive Compensation
 
95
Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder
   
 
Matters
 
95
Item 13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
 
96
Item 14.
Principal Accounting Fees and Services
 
96
       
 
Part IV
   
       
Item 15.
Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
 
97
 
Signatures
 
102
 
2

 
CAUTIONARY STATEMENT WITH RESPECT TO FORWARD-LOOKING COMMENTS

The discussions set forth in this Annual Report on Form 10-K contain statements concerning potential future events.  Such forward-looking statements are based upon assumptions by the Company's management, as of the date of this Annual Report, including assumptions about risks and uncertainties faced by the Company. In addition, management may make forward-looking statements orally or in other writings, including, but not limited to, in press releases, in the annual report to shareholders and in the Company’s other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Readers can identify these forward-looking statements by their use of such verbs as “expects,” “anticipates,” “believes” or similar verbs or conjugations of such verbs. Forward-looking statements include any discussion of the trends and other factors that drive our business and future results in “Item 7.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Conditions and Results of Operations.”   Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of their date. If any of management's assumptions prove incorrect or should unanticipated circumstances arise, the Company's actual results could materially differ from those anticipated by such forward-looking statements.  The differences could be caused by a number of factors or combination of factors including, but not limited to, those factors identified under Item 1A “Risk Factors.”  Readers are strongly encouraged to consider those factors when evaluating any forward-looking statements concerning the Company.  The Company does not undertake to update any forward-looking statements in this Annual Report to reflect future events or developments.

Part I

Item 1.
Business

This discussion of the business of Garmin Ltd. ("Garmin" or the "Company") should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified by reference to, “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” under Item 7 herein and the information set forth in response to Item 101 of Regulation S-K in such Item 7 is incorporated herein by reference in partial response to this Item 1.  Garmin has four business segments: Marine, Automotive/Mobile, Outdoor/Fitness, and Aviation.   The segment and geographic information included in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data,” under Note 8 is incorporated herein by reference in partial response to this Item 1.

Garmin was incorporated in the Cayman Islands on July 24, 2000 as a holding company for Garmin Corporation, a Taiwan corporation, in order to facilitate a public offering of Garmin shares in the United States. Garmin owns, directly or indirectly, all of the operating companies in the Garmin group.

Garmin’s annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, proxy statement and Forms 3, 4 and 5 filed by Garmin’s directors and executive officers and all amendments to those reports will be made available free of charge through the Investor Relations section of Garmin’s Internet website (http://www.garmin.com) as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission.

The reference to Garmin’s website address does not constitute incorporation by reference of the information contained on this website, and such information should not be considered part of this report on Form   10-K.

Company Overview

Garmin is a leading, worldwide provider of navigation, communication and information devices and applications, most of which are enabled by Global Positioning System (“GPS”) technology. Garmin designs, develops, manufactures and markets a diverse family of hand-held, portable and fixed-mount GPS-enabled products and other navigation, communications and information products for the automotive/mobile, outdoor/fitness, marine, and general aviation markets.
 
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Overview of the Global Positioning System

The Global Positioning System is a worldwide navigation system which enables the precise determination of geographic location using established satellite technology. The system consists of a constellation of orbiting satellites. The satellites and their ground control and monitoring stations are maintained and operated by the United States Department of Defense, which maintains an ongoing satellite replenishment program to ensure continuous global system coverage.   Access to the system is provided free of charge by the U.S. government.

Prior to May 2000, the U.S. Department of Defense intentionally degraded the accuracy of civilian GPS signals in a process known as Selective Availability (‘‘SA’’) for national security purposes. SA variably degraded GPS position accuracy to a radius of 100 meters. On May 2, 2000, the U.S. Department of Defense discontinued SA. In a presidential policy statement issued in December 2004, the Bush administration indicated that the U.S. does not intend to implement SA again and is committed to preventing hostile use of GPS through regional denial of service, minimizing the impact to peaceful users. With SA removed, a GPS receiver can calculate its position to an accuracy of approximately 10 meters or less, enhancing the utility of GPS for most applications.

The accuracy and utility of GPS can be enhanced through augmentation techniques which compute any remaining errors in the signal and broadcast these corrections to a GPS device. The Federal Aviation Administration (“FAA”) has developed a Wide Area Augmentation System (‘‘WAAS’’) comprising ground reference stations and additional satellites that improve the accuracy of GPS positioning available in the United States and portions of Canada and Mexico to approximately 3 meters. WAAS supports the use of GPS as the primary means of enroute, terminal and approach navigation for aviation in the United States. The increased accuracy offered by WAAS also enhances the utility of WAAS-enabled GPS receivers for consumer applications. The FAA announced on July 11, 2003 that the WAAS system had achieved initial operating capability and that the system was available for instrument flight use with appropriately certified avionics equipment. Since that time, the FAA has installed additional ground reference stations and has launched additional WAAS satellites.

Recent Developments in the Company’s Business

Since the inception of its business, Garmin has delivered over 65 million products, which includes the delivery of nearly 17 million products during 2009.

 Automotive/Mobile Product Introductions
 
Garmin introduced a number of new versions of Garmin’s popular nüvi® personal navigation device (PND) product line in 2009, including the nüvi 1690, a premium PND with a built-in wireless module that lets customers access Garmin’s nüLink!™ service, which provides direct links to certain online information such as Google™ local search, traffic, weather, fuel prices, movie listings, flight status, local events, white page telephone listings and the Ciao!™ friend finding application, the nüvi 1490T, a premium PND that has a large, 5-inch touchscreen and sleek body style that is 25-percent slimmer than most nüvi models, the nüvi 1200 and 1300 series with a new ultra-thin design that are the first nüvi devices to offer pedestrian capability enabled through optional CityExplorer™ maps, and the nüvi 885T, which is a voice-activated PND that includes lane assist with junction view.   Garmin also introduced in 2009 the nüvi 465T, which is the first PND designed exclusively for over the road long-haul navigation and delivery trucks.  The nüvi 465T supports multiple truck profiles and features advanced routing and guidance to support truck-related road restrictions such as height, width, length, weight and hazardous materials.
 
In February 2009 Garmin and ASUSTek Computer Inc. announced a strategic alliance to leverage the companies’ navigation and mobile telephony expertise to design, manufacture and distribute co-branded location-centric mobile phones, to be known as the Garmin-Asus nüvifoneTM series.  Throughout the summer and fall of 2009, the nüvifone G60 and M20 models were made available in select countries in Asia, Europe and North America through retail channels and carriers.  The nüvifone G60 was first available in July 2009 in Taiwan.  The nüvifone M20 became available in August 2009 in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand and Malaysia.  The North America launch of the nüvifone G60 occurred in October 2009 when AT&T announced that it would offer the device to its customers in the United States.  This was followed by the first western European carrier launch of the nüvifone G60 with Sunrise in Switzerland.  Garmin also announced in 2009 that several other nüvifone models are under development for 2010, including devices with the Android operating system. In addition, in 2009 Garmin introduced the zūmo® 660, which is a new motorcycle device that integrates the slim and sleek design of the nüvi with specific features made exclusively for motorcyclists.
 
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Garmin introduced nüMaps Lifetime™ in January 2009, which is a single fee program that, subject to the program’s terms and conditions, enables customers to download the latest map and point of interest information every quarter for the useful life of their PND.

Outdoor/ Fitness Product Introductions
 
Garmin expanded its Forerunner® line of products for the fitness market in 2009 with the Forerunner 310XT, which is a GPS-enabled trainer that is water-resistant to 50m, tracks bike and run data and sends it wirelessly to your computer. This multi-sport device has up to 20 hours of battery life, and goes from wrist to bike in seconds.  In April 2009 Garmin also introduced the Forerunner 405CX, which adds heart-rate based calorie computation and improved comfort to the numerous features available on the Forerunner 405.
 
Garmin also expanded its Edge® line of cycling GPS products in 2009 with the Edge 500, which weighs only two ounces, features a high-sensitivity GPS receiver, requires no calibration, can be switched quickly and easily between bicycles and connects wirelessly with ANT+™ compatible third-party power meters.
 
To help promote its full line of fitness products, in October 2009 Garmin extended for an additional three years its title sponsorship of Team Garmin-Transitions, a ProTour cycling team.
 
In June 2009 Garmin introduced the Dakota™ series of handheld GPS devices, which are compact, waterproof devices with up to 20 hours of battery life that include a high sensitivity GPS receiver, worldwide basemap and color touchscreen display. Garmin also expanded its Oregon™ series of touchscreen handheld GPS devices by introducing the Oregon 550 and 550t, which integrate a 3.2 megapixel digital camera that creates geotagged images and a 3-axis compass into the Oregon series of devices, as well as the Oregon 450 and 450t.
 
Garmin also updated the eTrex® series of value-priced handheld GPS devices in 2009 by introducing the eTrex Legend H and the eTrex Vista H, which include a high sensitivity GPS receiver, a USB interface, and 24 megabytes of internal memory for loading detailed topographic maps.  The eTrex Vista H also includes an electronic compass and barometric altimeter.
 
Garmin also introduced the Approach™ G5 in January 2009, which is its first touchscreen handheld GPS product designed exclusively for the golf course.  The Approach G5 is a rugged, waterproof, touchscreen golf GPS packed with thousands of preloaded golf course maps. It uses a high-sensitivity GPS receiver to, among many other features, measure individual shot distances and show the exact yardage to fairways, hazards and greens.
 
 Marine Product Introductions

In 2009 Garmin introduced the GPS 72H, which is a value-priced lightweight, waterproof handheld GPS that floats, features a high-sensitivity GPS, a USB connection and a large screen.   Garmin also introduced HomePort™, an application that allows mariners to plan and manage trips, routes, tracks and waypoints and transfer them between a personal computer and applicable Garmin chartplotter.  In July 2009 Garmin introduced the VHF 300, which is a high-end marine radio with premium features such as multi-station support, a space-saving black box configuration, and options such as an integrated dual-band AIS receiver.

In July 2009 Garmin introduced its next generation of open-array digital radar scanners – the GMR™ 1204/1206 xHD and the GMR 604 xHD, which provide up to eight times more sampling data that Garmin’s current open-array digital radar scanner products.  In November 2009 Garmin introduced the GPSMAP® 6000 and GPSMAP 7000 series of large-format multi-function displays with G Motion™ technology.

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 Aviation Product Introductions and Certifications

In March 2009 Garmin received Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Supplemental Type Certification (STC) for the G1000® avionics suite in the King Air 200 and B200.

In April 2009 Garmin received European Aviation Safety Agency’s (EASA) European Technical Standard Order (ETSO) approval for the GDU 620 display/control unit, which is the display unit for the G600 flight display system. Because the other components of the G600 have already received EASA’s ETSO approval, this announcement indicates the GDU 620 is eligible for installation in European registered aircraft with a certification weight up to 5,700 kgs.

In July 2009 Garmin received FAA Approved Model List Supplemental Type Certification (AML STC) for the G500, a new avionics suite for normal and utility category Part 23 Class I and Class II aircraft.   

In October 2009 Garmin announced the G3000, its first touchscreen-controlled integrated flight deck for Part 23 turbine aircraft.

In November 2009 Garmin introduced the aera™, an aviation handheld series that is touchscreen and multi-mode so that it can transition between aviation to automotive mode with one touch.

In December 2009 the FAA granted AML STC for Garmin’s new TAS and TCAS I traffic systems, the GTS™ 800, GTS 820 and GTS 850.
 
Products

Garmin has achieved a leading market position and a history of consistent growth in revenues and profits by offering ergonomically designed, user-friendly products with innovative features and designs covering a broad range of applications and price points.  Garmin’s target markets are currently broken down into its four main business segments – automotive/mobile, outdoor/fitness, marine and aviation.

Automotive/Mobile

Garmin offers a broad range of automotive navigation products, as well as a variety of products and applications designed for the mobile GPS market.  Garmin believes that its products are known for their value, high performance, ease of use, innovation, and ergonomics.  The table below includes a sampling of the automotive and mobile products that Garmin currently offers to consumers around the world.

nüvi®
   
(25 models)
 
The nüvi is Garmin’s popular thin-profile personal navigation device (PND).  All nüvi models combine a full-featured GPS navigator (with built-in maps) with a currency and measurement converter, world clock and digital photo organizer.  Different nüvi models and optional add-ons offer different feature sets, including a wide screen display, integrated traffic receiver for traffic data, spoken street names, voice recognition, speed limit indication, lane assist, 3-D building view, , junction view, Bluetooth® hands-free capability, MP3 player, built-in maps of Europe, and the ability to add custom points of interest.  The nüvi model 1690 offers Garmin’s nüLink!™ service, which is a subscription service (a free two-year subscription is provided with the nüvi 1690) that provides certain real-time information delivered wirelessly to the device, including Google™ local search, traffic information, weather, fuel prices, movie listings, flight status, local events, and white page telephone listings.  Numerous newer nüvi models also offer a feature called ecoRoute™, which is a feature designed to help improve the vehicle’s fuel efficiency by suggesting route calculations based upon less fuel usage and a driving challenge program that helps reinforce fuel-efficient driving practices. In fiscal years 2009, 2008, and 2007, the nüvi class of products represented approximately 63%, 64%, and 52% respectively of Garmin’s total consolidated revenues.
 
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nüvifone ™
   
(2 models)
 
The nüvifoneTM G60 — a touchscreen smartphone that integrates a mobile phone, web browser and PND all in one device — was introduced in 2009 by Garmin and ASUSTek Computer Inc. through the Garmin-Asus alliance, a co-branded alliance between Garmin and ASUSTek Computer Inc.  AT&T is the exclusive mobile phone carrier for the nüvifone G60 in the United States.  It is also available for purchase in Belgium, France, Switzerland, Poland, Czech Republic, Taiwan, Singapore and Malaysia.  The nüvifone M20 smartphone operates on a Windows Mobile® 6.5 operating system and is sold in Taiwan and Hong Kong.
     
zūmo®
   
(4 models)
 
Motorcycle-specific navigators with features including a glove-friendly touch screen with high bright sunlight-readable display, motorcycle mount, vibration-tested design, and Bluetooth wireless technology.  An SD (secure digital) card slot allows riders to share their favorite places and rides with fellow zūmo riders.  The zūmo 660 features 3-D building view and lane assist and a digital fuel gauge.  The zūmo 220 and 665 were announced in January 2010 as the latest zūmo models (expected delivery of first quarter 2010).  The zūmo 220 offers a smaller form factor than previous models, while the 665 includes an antenna for XM Satellite Radio®, XM NavWeather® and XM NavTraffic® (subscription is required for XM content).
     
Garmin Mobile® for
   
BlackBerry
 
Garmin Mobile for BlackBerry is a subscription-based software application that lets compatible BlackBerry devices function as versatile GPS navigators.
     
Garmin Mobile XT
 
Garmin Mobile XT is a data card that turns many smartphones into full-featured navigators.  Users can simply plug the microSD card into a compatible phone and begin navigating.  No network coverage or subscription is required.

Outdoor/Fitness

The table below includes a sampling of the fitness and outdoor products that Garmin currently offers to consumers around the world.

Forerunner®
   
(9 models)
 
Compact, lightweight training assistants for athletes with integrated GPS sensor (except for FR60 fitness watch) that provide time, speed, distance, pace and other data. Some models also offer a heart rate monitoring function. The Forerunner 60 is an entry-level advanced fitness watch that allows runners and walkers to track their workouts and automatically upload their data (via a wireless USB ANT™ Stick) to a personal computer.  The Forerunner 405 is a compact-sized, wrist-worn GPS-enabled device that allows runners and joggers to track their speed, distance, heart rate and location, access their training history or challenge a Virtual Partner™ and automatically upload their data wirelessly to a personal computer.  The Forerunner 405CX adds heart-rate based calorie computation and improved comfort to the numerous features available on the Forerunner 405.  The Forerunner 310XT model, which was designed specifically for triathletes, is water-resistant to 50m and tracks biking and running data (and optional heart rate data).
 
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Edge®
   
(5 models)
 
Integrated personal training systems designed for cyclists. The Edge 205 measures speed, distance, time, calories burned, climb and descent, altitude and more.  The Edge 305 adds a heart rate monitor and/or wireless speed/pedaling cadence sensor.  The Edge 605 and 705 provide mapping capabilities (including street navigation) and a 2.2” color display in addition to tracking vertical profiles, climb and descent, altitude, speed, distance, and time.  The newest model — the Edge 500 — is geared toward performance-driven cyclists by offering the ability to track even more performance data in a streamlined form factor.
     
Dakota™
   
(2 models)
 
The Dakota series is Garmin’s entry level series of handheld GPS navigators with built-in mapping.  The Dakota 10 is a rugged, palm-sized navigator that offers a touchscreen display, high-sensitivity GPS, and a built-in worldwide basemap.  The Dakota 20 adds a barometric altimeter, 3-axis electronic compass, and a microSD™ card slot for optional customized maps.  The 20 model also allows a user to share waypoints, tracks, routes and geocaches wirelessly with other compatible Dakota, Foretrex®, Oregon® and Colorado® users.
Colorado®
   
(4 models)
 
The Colorado series features Garmin’s  Rock ‘n Roller™ wheel, which allows the user to operate many of the units’ features with the user’s thumb.  The Colorado 300 features a worldwide basemap with shaded relief.  The Colorado 400c provides marine chart coverage for the coastal U.S. and Bahamas.  The Colorado 400i offers shoreline details, depth contours and boat ramps for U.S. inland lakes and rivers. The Colorado 400t gives hikers 3-D elevation perspective and preloaded U.S. topographic maps. All Colorado models are equipped with a barometric altimeter and electronic compass.
     
Oregon®
   
(9 models)
 
The Oregon series combines a bright 3 inch color touchscreen, rugged design and a variety of preloaded mapping options. The entry-level Oregon 200 comes with a built-in Worldwide basemap.  The Oregon 300 includes a worldwide basemap with shaded relief.  The Oregon 400t gives hikers preloaded U.S. topographic maps with 3-D elevation perspective. The Oregon 400i offers shoreline details, depth contours and boat ramps for U.S. inland lakes and navigable rivers. The Oregon 400c features chart coverage for the coastal U.S. and Bahamas. The high-end Oregon 550 and 550t each come with a built-in 3.2 megapixel autofocus digital camera with 4x digital zoom, and each photo taken by these devices is automatically geotagged with the location of where it was taken, allowing the user to navigate back to that exact spot in the future.  In January 2010, Garmin announced the Oregon 450 and Oregon 450t, the newest members of the Oregon product family (expected availability of first quarter 2010).  The 450 and 450t do not include the built-in camera, but offer many other upgrades over other Oregon models, including an easier-to-read display and enhanced track navigation.

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Rino®
   
(5 models)
 
Handheld two-way Family Radio Service (FRS) and General Mobile Radio Service (GMRS) radios that integrate two-way voice communications with GPS navigation.  Features include patented “peer-to-peer position reporting” so you can transmit your location to another Rino radio.  The Rino 110 offers an FRS/GMRS radio plus basic GPS navigator. The Rino 120 adds an internal basemap and MapSource compatibility for street-level mapping.  The Rino 130 has 24 MB of internal memory, built-in electronic compass, barometric sensor, and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) weather radio receiver.  The Rino 520HCx has a high sensitivity GPS receiver, 5 watts of transmit power, color display, mini-USB interface, and a turn-by turn automatic route calculation for use in automobiles.  The Rino 530HCx has all of the features of the Rino 520HCx, plus a seven-channel weather receiver, electronic compass, and barometric altimeter.
     
Approach™ G5
   
(2 models)
 
The Approach G5 is a waterproof, touchscreen, handheld GPS for golfers that features over 12,000 preloaded golf course maps. Approach G5 uses a high-sensitivity GPS receiver to measure individual shot distances and show the exact yardage to fairways, hazards and greens.  The Approach G3 was announced in January 2010 as a smaller, lighter version of the Approach, yet still offers over 12,000 preloaded courses.  Neither model requires any ongoing subscription fees.
     
Astro®
 
High sensitivity GPS-enabled dog tracking system.  The Astro is designed to pinpoint up to ten dogs’ positions at one time through all-weather collars and a handheld system.  The system also provides a Dog Tracker page and a Covey Countertm to assist the hunter.  It is loaded with many of the features of our outdoor devices including:  barometric altimeter, electronic compass, microSD slot, area calculator and a waterproof exterior.
 
Marine

Garmin’s marine lineup includes network products and multifunction displays, fixed-mount GPS/chartplotter products, instruments, radar, autopilots, and sounder products.    The table below includes a sampling of some of the marine products that Garmin currently offers to consumers.

Marine Chartplotters and Networking Products

GPSMAP® 7000 series    
(4 models)
 
The latest generation in Garmin’s large-format multi-function displays.  The GPSMAP 7000 series introduced Garmin’s G Motion technology, which represents an upgrade in speed, smoothness and clarity over prior plotters.  G Motion technology delivers ultra-smooth map panning and zooming with virtually seamless graphical updating in all dimensions.  The 7000 series chartplotters also feature a low-level backlight display and a backlit keypad for use in low-light conditions without compromising vision.  The GPSMAP 7x15 series offers a huge 15-inch diagonal XGA (1024 x 768 pixel) sunlight readable touchscreen display, and is offered in two models – the GPSMAP 7015 with an enhanced worldwide satellite imagery basemap; and the GPSMAP 7215, which comes pre-loaded with highly detailed U.S. coastal charts and Explorer Charts for the Bahamas. Mariners can also opt for the same XGA resolution in a 12-inch diagonal screen configuration with the GPSMAP 7012 and GPSMAP 7212 models, which offer a worldwide basemap and coastal charts respectively.  All models are compatible with an optional wireless remote and a wireless mouse for additional flexibility and also offer expanded “plug-and-play” access to onboard sensors, with NMEA 2000 and Garmin Marine Network connectivity (the Garmin Marine Network is a system that combines GPS, radar, XM WX Satellite Weather, sonar, and other data).

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GPSMAP® 6000 series
   
(4 models)
 
Like the 7000 series, the 6000 series models also offer Garmin’s new G Motion technology and the features to improve visibility in low-light conditions.  The GPSMAP 6x12 series features a traditional soft-key interface with an alphanumeric keypad and a 12-inch diagonal XGA (1024 x 768 pixel) sunlight readable display.  Within this family, Garmin offers the GPSMAP 6012 with an enhanced worldwide satellite imagery basemap; and the GPSMAP 6212 with highly detailed U.S. coastal charts and Explorer Charts for the Bahamas preloaded.  For a smaller display, the GPSMAP 6x08 series offers an 8-inch VGA (640 x 480) sunlight readable display with a soft-key interface.  The models in the GPSMAP 6000 series are all compatible with an optional wireless remote and also offer expanded “plug-and-play” access to onboard sensors, with NMEA 2000 and Garmin Marine Network connectivity.
     
GPSMAP® 5000 series
   
(6 models)
 
These touch-screen multifunction displays for the Garmin Marine Network (a system that combines GPS, radar, XM WX Satellite Weather, sonar, and other data) offer ease of use and video-quality resolution and color.  The 5212 and 5208 come pre-loaded with detailed U.S. coastal charts, including Explorer Charts, and are compatible with Garmin’s BlueChart® g2 Vision™ charts (sold separately) which offer high-resolution satellite imagery, 3-D map perspective, aerial reference photos, and auto guidance.  The 5215 and 5015 offer 15-inch diagonal sunlight-readable touchscreen displays.
     
GPSMAP® 4000 series/
   
4200 series (6 models)
 
These multifunction displays for the Garmin Marine Network offer ease of use and video-quality resolution and color.  The 4212 and 4208 come pre-loaded with detailed U.S. coastal charts, including Explorer Charts, and are compatible with Garmin’s BlueChart® g2 Vision™ charts (sold separately) which offer high-resolution satellite imagery, 3-D map perspective, aerial reference photos, and auto guidance.  The 4210 and 4010 feature 10.4-inch diagonal sunlight- readable displays and Garmin’s new marine user interface.
     
GPSMAP® 3000
   
(2 models)
 
These configurable chartplotter/multifunction displays (MFDs) are network-enabled and come in either a 10.4” or 6.4” display.
     
GPSMAP® 4x0 and 5x0
   
and 7x0 series
   
(5 models)
 
The 4x0 and 5x0 chartplotters and chartplotter/sonar units feature  highly-detailed pre-loaded marine cartography and offer a wide variety of display sizes and networking options.  All units are compatible with Garmin’s BlueChart® g2™ data cards. The 7x0 models are the newest in this family of products and are the first touchscreen controlled stand-alone marine chartplotters to offer radar capability and built-in sonar at an affordable price.
 
 
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GPSMAP® 5x6 and 5x1
   
series (6 models)
 
Building upon the success of the GPSMAP 400 and 500 series, the new chartplotters in the GPSMAP 5x6, 5x1 and 4x1 series come standard with an internal high-sensitivity GPS receiver that allows for faster acquisition times and better satellite tracking so that boaters are able to acquire and maintain a GPS fix more easily. In addition, these units boast an improved, high-speed digital design that will increase map drawing and panning speeds.  Many of the new models in this series are also NMEA 2000 certified and can interface with Garmin’s full lineup of NMEA 2000 marine sensors and autopilots, as well as many other third-party sensors.
     
GPSMAP® 4x1
   
series (3 models)
 
With a 4-inch QVGA sunlight-readable display, the GPSMAP 4x1 series was designed for the boater who wants high performance in a small package.  These units feature a high-sensitivity GPS receiver and faster processors, and are offered with the same cartography configuration as the GPSMAP 5x1 series. Likewise, the GPSMAP 4x1s series is also available with a built-in sonar with a 500-watt RMS dual-frequency transducer for offshore use and a 400-watt RMS with a dual beam transducer for inland use.  For satellite weather and radio data, the GPSMAP 441 and 421 are also compatible with the GXM 51 receiver.
     
GSD 21 and 22
 
These “black-box” sounders interface with Garmin display units and chartplotters and enhance their utility by providing the depth sounder and fish finder functions in a remote mounted package.
     
GMS 10
 
The GMS 10 Network Port Expander is the "nerve center" of the Garmin Marine Network.  This 100-Mbit switch is designed to support the connection of multiple sensors to the Garmin Marine Network.
     
Other Marine Products
     
GMI 10
 
The GMI 10 is a NMEA 2000 and NMEA 0183 compliant instrument that displays data from multiple remote sensors on one screen.  Mariners can use the GMI 10 to display instrument data such as depth, speed through the water, water temperature, fuel flow rate, engine data, fuel level, wind direction and more, depending upon what sensors are connected.
     
VHF Marine Radios
   
(4 models)
 
This series of marine radios offers differing feature sets for the radio needs of all types of mariners.  The VHF 100 is an entry-level, NMEA 0183 compatible VHF marine radio.  The VHF 200 is NMEA 2000 compatible.  The next step up is the VHF 300, which is designed for 35+ foot boats and is NMEA 2000 and NMEA 0183 compatible and offers multi-station support.  Also designed for 35+ foot boats, the VHF 300 AIS is NMEA 2000 and NMEA 0183 compatible, offers multi-station support, and monitors all AIS channels at the same time.
 
 
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 Marine
   
Autopilot Systems
   
(3 models)
 
The GHP 10’s patented Shadow Drive™ technology automatically disengages the autopilot if the helm is turned, allowing the helmsman to maneuver the boat. The autopilot automatically re-engages when a steady course is held by the helmsman. The TR-1 Gold Marine Autopilot offers worry-free remote steering and speed control to operators of small gasoline outboard motor boats up to 20 horsepower.  Finally, the GHP 10V Autopilot System for Volvo Penta IPS and Sterndrive Joystick Systems is approved for use with boats that have an integrated Volvo Penta IPS steering and propulsion system and features Garmin’s proven and innovative Shadow Drive™ technology – a patented capability that automatically disengages the autopilot if the helm is turned, allowing for quick and safe manual maneuvers without manually disengaging the autopilot.
     
Fishfinders
   
(5 models)
 
Garmin offers five different fishfinder options spanning various price points. All models feature Garmin’s Ultrascroll™ technology, which allows boaters to get a faster refresh rate on their sonar display, and dual-beam transducer operation. Four of the models offer color displays.  The Fishfinder 400C comes with dual beam or dual frequency transducers for easy adaptability to either freshwater or saltwater fishing.  It also offers a new, easy-to-use interface and built in CANet connectivity to enable sonar data to be shared with compatible Garmin chartplotters.
     
Radar
   
(11 models)
 
Garmin offers both radomes and open array radar products with compatibility to any network-compatible Garmin chartplotter so that the chartplotter can double as the radar screen.  The GMR™ 18 and 24 models are digital radome products in various sizes and power specifications.  The GMR 404 and 406 open array radar scanners provide even greater clarity and a 72 nautical mile range.  The GMR 18 HD and GMR 24 HD radomes feature digital signal processing providing sharper radar imagery and improved target separation. The newest generation of open-array digital radar scanners and the GMR™ 1204/1206 xHD and the GMR 604/606 xHD models, which transmit with 12 and 6 kilowatts of power respectively.  All four of these open-array scanners have a maximum effective range of 72 nautical miles and offer selectable rotation speeds from 24 RPM to 48 RPM for rapid target updates.  These new xHD scanners provide up to eight times more sampling data than Garmin’s current open-array offerings,

Aviation

Garmin’s product line includes GPS-enabled navigation, VHF communications transmitters/receivers, multi-function displays, electronic flight instrumentation systems (EFIS), traffic advisory systems and traffic collision avoidance systems, instrument landing system (ILS) receivers, surveillance products,  marker beacon receivers and audio panels.

Garmin’s aviation products have won prestigious awards throughout the industry for their innovative features and ease of use.  The GNS 430/530W offers multiple features and capabilities integrated into a single product. This high level of integration minimizes the use of precious space in the cockpit, enhances the quality and safety of flight through the use of modern designs and components and reduces the cost of equipping an aircraft with modern electronics.  The GNS 430 was recognized by Flying Magazine as the Editor’s Choice Product of the Year for 1998.  In 1994, and again in 2000, Garmin earned recognition from the Aircraft Electronics Association for outstanding contribution to the general aviation electronics industry.  The GPSMAP 295 won Aviation Consumer Magazine’s Gear of the Year award for best aviation portable product in 2000 and again in 2001. Flying Magazine’s editors awarded the GPSMAP 396 with a 2005 Editors’ Choice Award for outstanding achievements.  The GPSMAP 496, introduced in 2006, won the “2006 Gear of the Year” award from Aviation Consumer magazine.  Flying Magazine’s editors awarded Garmin a 2007 Flying Editors’ Choice Award for making the safety and precision of WAAS (Wide Area Augmentation System) available in its GPS navigation systems.  Garmin was ranked No. 1 among aviation electronics manufacturers for operation, presentation, technical advancement, information, construction and satisfaction in Professional Pilot magazine’s survey of its readers in 2003, 2004 and 2005 and was ranked No. 2 in 2006 and 2007. Garmin has been ranked No. 1 among cockpit avionics manufacturers for avionics product support in Professional Pilot magazine’s survey of its readers in each of the last six survey years.  Aviation International News also ranked Garmin the highest among cockpit avionics manufacturers in product support in 2009, making it the sixth consecutive year that Garmin has earned that distinction.  Garmin received the Airline Technology Achievement Award from Air Transport World Magazine in January 2005 for championing the development of Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) technology, an enabling technology for air traffic management.

 
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Garmin’s aviation products are sold in both new aircraft and the retrofit market where existing aircraft are fitted with the latest electronics from Garmin’s broad product line.

Garmin has also expanded its range of avionics offerings to leading General Aviation aircraft manufacturers such as the Cessna Aircraft Company, Cirrus Aircraft, Hawker Beechcraft Corporation, Diamond Aircraft Industries, Mooney Airplane Company, Piper Aircraft, Inc., DAHER- SOCATA and Quest Aircraft  through the installation of the G1000 integrated flight deck as original equipment aboard new aircraft. This system integrates attitude, heading, air data, navigation, communication, engine monitoring, and other aircraft functions into a single cohesive system which interfaces with the flight crew using a set of large, bright TFT displays.  The G1000 also includes an integrated autopilot – the GFC700.  Garmin also has expanded its G1000 certifications to the business jet segment, such as Cessna’s Citation Mustang jet and Embraer’s Phenom 100 and Phenom 300.  Garmin also announced its next generation integrated flight deck system, the G3000, at the National Business Aircraft Association (NBAA) trade show in October 2009.  Both Honda Aircraft Corporation and Piper Aircraft simultaneously announced that the G3000 has been selected for the HondaJet and PiperJet respectively.

The table below includes a sampling of some of the aviation products currently offered by Garmin:

Handheld and portable aviation products:
     
aera™ series
   
(4 models)
 
Garmin’s newest aviation handheld series combines the latest aviation portable with a full-featured automotive GPS, allowing pilots to transition between aviation to automotive mode with one touch.  Featuring a crisp 4.3-inch QVGA wide-format display with touchscreen interface, all four aera models come with preloaded automotive maps, a built-in terrain/obstacles aviation database, patented Panel Page instrument display, and other features.  When in aviation mode, pilots see colorful icons that use intuitive pictures and labels to indicate their function. The exterior of each aera model (500, 510, 550 and 560) are identical, but the software features of each model are tailored to those seeking an entry, mid or high-level aviation handheld.
     
GPSMAP 495/496
 
The GPSMAP 496 expands on the GPSMAP 396 by adding such additional features as Garmin’s SafeTaxi™ airport diagrams, Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) Airport directory data, Garmin’s Smart Airspace enhanced high-resolution terrain database, accelerated GPS update rate, and pre-loaded automotive maps of North America. The GPSMAP 495 offers many of the same features as the GPSMAP 496 at a lower price point.
     
GPSMAP 695/696
 
The GPSMAP 696 expands on the features of the GPSMAP 496 by adding a 7 inch screen, preloaded detailed electronic charts, preloaded airways and IFR map mode. The GPSMAP 696 has a receiver for XM radio and XM WX Satellite Weather (U.S. customers only) that gives next generation radar (NEXRAD), aviation routine weather reports (METARs), terminal aerodrome forecasts (TAFs), temporary flight restrictions (TFRs), lightning, winds aloft, turbulence forecasts, and several other important weather products. The GPSMAP 695 has the same features except for XM radio and weather.
 
 
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Pilot My-CastSM
 
Pilot My-Cast by Garmin is a premium flight planning, flight plan filing, and pre-flight weather application for display on compatible mobile phones.  Compared to other aviation weather cell phone applications, Pilot My-Cast is unique because it receives aviation data directly from the National Weather Service, Environment Canada, and Federal Aviation Administration.
     
Integrated avionics systems:
     
G3000
 
Announced in October 2009, the G3000, which is designed for use in FAR Part 23 turbine aircraft, is the first touchscreen-controlled integrated flightdeck for light turbine aircraft.  It features extra-wide 14.1-inch displays with split-screen MFD viewing functionality and PFD terrain simulation in 3-D perspective with SVT™ Synthetic Vision Technology.
     
G1000®
 
The G1000 integrates navigation, communication, attitude, weather, terrain, traffic, surveillance and engine information on large high-resolution color displays. The G1000 offers general aviation airplane manufacturers an easy-to-install solution for flight displays and provides the aircraft owner the benefits of a state-of-the-art avionics system which relies on modern technologies such as solid state components and bright, sunlight-readable TFT displays.
     
G600™
 
The G600 brings the style and function of an all-glass integrated avionics suite to the retrofit market for FAR Part 23 Class I, II or III aircraft.  The G600 incorporates two individual displays – a PFD and MFD – in a customized package specifically designed for easy retrofit installation. The G600 is designed to communicate and integrate with Garmin’s WAAS enabled panel mount products, and provides essential information such as attitude, air data, weather, terrain and traffic.  Garmin has received the FAA’s Approved Model List Supplemental Type Certification (AML STC) for the G600, which will simplify certification for over 300 different aircraft models.
     
G500™
 
Designed specifically for FAR Part 23 Class I/Class II aircraft (singles and twins under 6,000 lbs.), the G500 is an affordable, dual-screen electronic flight display that works with a pilot’s separate Garmin avionics stack to provide a fully TSO’d “glass cockpit” retrofit option.  The G500 does not include all of the same standard functionality as the G600 (for example, the G500 does not offer SVT (Synthetic Vision Technology) or a standard GAD 43 interface adapter.
     
G900X™
 
An all-glass integrated avionics system specifically designed for kitplane builders of the Lancair and Van’s RV-series aircraft.G3X™ The G3X is a fully-customizable glass cockpit for installation in experimental/kitbuilt and light sport aircraft.  The G3X offers a customizable PFD/MFD combination that features one, two or three all-glass displays; magnetometer; ADAHRS (combined air data and AHRS unit) and engine monitoring.
 
 
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GDU 370/375
 
Multifunction displays for the light sport retrofit and experimental aircraft markets (expected to be available in the second quarter of 2009).
     
Panel-mount aviation products:
     
400W Series
   
(3 models)
 
The GNS 430W is the Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) successor to Garmin’s popular GNS 430, which was the world’s first ‘‘all-in-one’’ IFR certified GPS navigation receiver/traditional VHF navigation receiver/instrument landing systems receiver and VHF communication transmitter/receiver. Features available in different 400 series models include 4-color map graphics, GPS, communication and navigation capabilities.  .
     
500 W Series
   
(2 models)
 
These units combine the features of the 400W series along with a larger 5” color display.  The 530W Series comes standard with Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) capability and may be ordered with or upgraded to Class B Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS-B) capability.
     
GTS™ TAS and
   
TCAS I Systems
 
The GTS 800 series of traffic avoidance products combines active and passive surveillance data to pinpoint specific traffic threats. The systems use Garmin’s patent-pending CLEAR CAS™ technology and correlates automatic dependent surveillance broadcast (ADS-B) with radar targets. The GTS 800 TAS is a lower-cost system, offering 40 watts of transmit power and a range of up to 12 nautical miles. The GTS 820 TAS delivers 250 watts of transmit power and up to 40 nautical miles of interrogation range. The GTS 850 TCAS I satisfies all TCAS I collision avoidance criteria for higher-capability turboprops and jets.  It features the same 250 watt performance as the GTS 820, and also meets the FAA’s TCAS I certification criteria
     
GI-102A & 106A
 
Course deviation indicators (CDIs). The GI-106A features an instrument landing system receiver to aid in landing.
     
GMA 240, 340 & 347
 
The GMA 340 is a feature-rich audio panel with six-place stereo intercom and independent pilot/co-pilot communications capabilities.  The GMA 347 has automatic squelch, digital clearance recorder, and a full-duplex telephone interface.  The GMA 240 is a versatile, non-TSO’d audio panel designed for experimental and light sport aircraft.
     
GTX™ 330 & 330D
 
FAA-certified Mode S transponders with data link capability, including local air traffic information at FAA radar sites equipped with Traffic Information Service (TIS).  These transponders may also be optionally upgraded to provide 1090 MHz Extended Squitter (ES) transmission capabilities, which will increase situational awareness once the Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) system is fully implemented.
     
GTX 320A,327 & 328
 
FAA-certified transponders which transmit altitude or flight identification to air traffic control radar systems or other aircraft’s air traffic avoidance devices and feature solid-state construction for longer life.  The GTX 327 offers a digital display with timing functions.  The 328 is designed exclusively for Europe and satisfies the European requirement for a Mode S solution that meets the reduced certification requirements for the VFR Mode S mandate.
 
 
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GDL 90
 
The GDL 90 is the first airborne Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) product certified by the FAA to TSO C145A standards.  The GDL 90 allows pilots in the cockpit and air traffic controllers on the ground to “see” aircraft traffic with much more precision than has ever been possible before without the costly infrastructure of ground based tracking radar.  The GDL 90 relies on the infrastructure that is part of the FAA’s Safe Flight 21 program.  This program is currently under development with implementation of the ground-based portion of the ADS-B network taking place along the East Coast and other selected areas of the U.S.A.  Additional installations of the ADS-B ground stations are planned.  The ground stations can track aircraft movement and eventually are expected to be used to broadcast traffic and weather services.  Pilots equipped with the GDL 90 and operating within the ground station coverage area will receive aircraft traffic and real-time weather information free of charge.
     
GDL 69 and 69A
 
The GDL 69 offers the ability to provide real-time weather information to the aircraft which can be displayed on one of several panel-mounted devices, such as the GNS 430, GNS 530, MX20, and G1000 systems. The GDL 69 and GDL 69A receive real-time weather information broadcast by the XM WX Satellite radio system.  In addition, the GDL 69A expands the utility of the system by providing CD quality audio provided by XM Satellite Radio (separate subscriptions for weather data and audio required).
     
GMX 200™
 
A large (6.5 inch) sunlight-readable, high-resolution, multi-function display.
     
SL 30 and SL 40
 
The SL30 is a compact VHF navigation and communications unit that combines a 760-channel VHF communications radio with 200-channel glideslope and localizer receivers.  The SL40 is a 760-channel VHF communications radio only.  Both the SL30 and SL40 feature 10 watt communications transmitters.
     
GWX™ 68
 
The GWX 68 is an all-in-one antenna/receiver/transmitter that brings real-time weather to Garmin’s newest multi-function displays.

Sales and Marketing

Garmin’s non-aviation products are sold through a worldwide network of approximately 3,000 independent dealers and distributors in approximately 100 countries who meet our sales and customer service qualifications. Best Buy was the only customer whose purchases represented 10% or more of Garmin’s consolidated revenues in the fiscal year ended December 26, 2009 (Best Buy’s purchases totaled 13.4% of Garmin’s 2009 consolidated revenues).  Marketing support is provided geographically from Garmin’s offices in Olathe, Kansas (North, South and Central America), in the U.K. (Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa) France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Austria, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Belgium, Australia (also covering New Zealand) and in Taiwan (Asia).  Garmin’s distribution strategy is intended to increase Garmin’s global penetration and presence while maintaining high quality standards to ensure end-user satisfaction.

Garmin’s U.S. consumer product sales are handled through its network of dealers and distributors who are serviced by a staff of regional sales managers and in-house sales associates. Some of Garmin’s larger consumer products dealers and distributors include:

 
·
Best Buy—one of the largest U.S. and Canadian electronics retailers;

 
·
Amazon.com—internet retailer;

 
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·
Costco—an international chain of membership warehouses that carry quality, brand name merchandise;

 
·
Halford’s—a large European retailer specializing in car parts and accessories;

 
·
Petra—a large distributor who sells to a wide range of dealers;

 
·
Target— one of the nation’s largest general merchandise retailers;

 
·
Wal-Mart—the world’s largest mass retailer; and

 
·
Wynit—a large distributor who sells to a wide range of dealers, including Radio Shack.
 
Garmin’s Europe, Middle East, Australia/New Zealand and Africa consumer product sales are handled through our in-country subsidiaries or local distributors who resell to dealers. Working closely with Garmin’s in-house sales and marketing staff in the U.K. and U.S., these in-country subsidiaries or independent distributors are responsible for inventory levels and staff training requirements at each retail location. Garmin’s Taiwan-based marketing team handles the Company’s Asia sales and marketing effort.

Garmin’s panel-mount aviation products are sold through aviation distributors around the world. Garmin’s largest aviation distributors include Sportsman’s Market, Aircraft Spruce and Specialty Co., Gulf Coast Avionics, Pacific Coast Avionics, and Sarasota Avionics. These distributors have the training, equipment and certified staff required for at-airport installation of Garmin’s avionics equipment. Garmin’s portable aviation products are sold through distributors and through catalogs.

In addition to the traditional distribution channels mentioned, Garmin has many relationships with original equipment manufacturers (OEMs).  In the consumer market, Garmin’s products are sold to certain automotive and motorcycle OEMs, such as Chrysler/Mopar, Toyota, Suzuki, Volkswagen, Harley-Davidson, Ford, BMW and BMW Motorrad, Honda Access, Mercedes Benz, Smart Car, Peugeot, Hyundai, Mazda, Nissan, Volvo, Bombardier, and Polaris, for dealer-installed aftermarket accessory programs.  Garmin also has a factory-installed program with Honda Motorcycles and also factory-installed automotive programs with BMW, Ford and Suzuki for the sale of PND products that are factory-installed by these automobile OEMs in certain models of vehicles .  In addition, Garmin also sells products and applications to Kenwood for bundling with Kenwood’s OEM products, and in 2008 Garmin announced a relationship with Panasonic Automotive Systems to supply products and applications to Panasonic for automotive OEM sales.  Garmin also has relationships with certain rental car companies including Dollar/Thrifty, Enterprise, Avis, Budget, National, Europcar, Alamo, and Hertz (Europe).  Garmin has also developed promotional relationships with certain automotive dealerships in certain countries including BMW, Southeast Toyota, Penske, Mazda, Saab and Ford.  Garmin’s products are also standard equipment on various models of boats manufactured by Edgewater Boats, Bennington Marine, Cigarette Racing Team, Inc., Cobalt Boats, G3 Boats, Gulf Craft, Inc., Fairline Boats, Ltd. and Regal Marine Industries, Inc. and are optional equipment on boats manufactured by Chaparral Boats, Inc., Grand Banks Yachts, Ltd., Mainship Corp. (Luhrs Corp.), Maritimo Offshore Pty Ltd., Mastercraft Boat Company, LLC and Zodiac Hurricane Technologies, Inc.  In the aviation market, Garmin’s avionics are standard equipment on various models of aircraft built by Bell Helicopter, Cessna Aircraft Company, Embraer, Cirrus Aircraft Corporation, DAHER-SOCATA, Diamond Aircraft Industries, Eurocopter, Mooney Aircraft Corporation, Hawker Beechcraft Aircraft Company, Robinson Helicopter, Piper Aircraft Company, and Quest Aircraft Company.  Other aircraft manufacturers offer Garmin’s products as optional equipment.

 
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Competition

The market for navigation, communications and information products is highly competitive.  Garmin believes the principal competitive factors impacting the market for its products are design, functionality, quality and reliability, customer service, brand, price, time-to-market and availability.  Garmin believes that it generally competes favorably in each of these areas.

Garmin believes that its principal competitors for portable automotive products are TomTom N.V. and  MiTAC Digital Corporation (“MiTAC”) (which distributes products under the brand names of Magellan, Mio, and Navman) and Navigon AG. Garmin believes that its principal competitors for outdoor product lines are Magellan, a subsidiary of MiTAC,  Lowrance Electronics, Inc., a subsidiary of Navico (“Lowrance”) and Delorme and that its principal competitors for fitness products are Nike, Inc., Polar Electro Oy, Suunto Oy and Timex Corp.  For marine chartplotter products, Garmin believes that its principal competitors are Raymarine Ltd. (“Raymarine”), Furuno Electronic Company (“Furuno”), and Simrad and Lowrance (subsidiaries of Navico).  For Garmin’s fishfinder/depth sounder product lines, Garmin believes that its principal competitors are Lowrance, Raymarine, the Hummingbird division of Johnson Outdoors, Inc., and Furuno. For Garmin’s general aviation product lines, Garmin considers its principal competitors to be Honeywell, Inc., Avidyne Corporation, L-3 Avionics Systems, Rockwell Collins, Inc., Universal Avionics Systems Corporation, Chelton Flight Systems, Aspen Avionics, and Free Flight Systems for panel-mount GPS and display units.  For Garmin’s Family Radio Service and General Mobile Radio Service product line, Garmin believes that its principal competitors are Motorola, Inc. (“Motorola”), Cobra Electronics Corporation and Midland Radio Corporation.  Garmin believes that its principal competitors for smartphones are Apple, Inc., HTC Corporation, Nokia Oyj, Samsung Corporation, Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications AB, Google, Inc., Motorola, LG Electronics, Palm, Inc., and Research in Motion, Ltd.

Research and Development

Garmin’s product innovations are driven by its strong emphasis on research and development and the close partnership between Garmin’s engineering and manufacturing teams.  Garmin’s products are created by its engineering and development staff, which numbered 1,969 people worldwide as of December 26, 2009.  Garmin’s manufacturing staff includes manufacturing process engineers who work closely with Garmin’s design engineers to ensure manufacturability and manufacturing cost control for its products. Garmin’s development staff includes industrial designers, as well as software engineers, electrical engineers, mechanical engineers and cartographic engineers.  Garmin believes the industrial design of its products has played an important role in Garmin’s success.  Once a development project is initiated and approved, a multi-disciplinary team is created to design the product and transition it into manufacturing.

Below is a table of Garmin’s expenditures on research and development over the last three fiscal years.

   
December 26,
   
December 27,
   
December 29,
 
   
2009
   
2008
   
2007
 
($'s in thousands)
                 
Research and development
  $ 238,378     $ 206,109     $ 159,406  
Percent of net sales
    8.1 %     5.9 %     5.0 %

Manufacturing and Operations

Garmin believes that one of its core competencies is its manufacturing capability at its Shijr, Jhongli and LinKou, Taiwan facilities, its Olathe, Kansas facility, and its Salem, Oregon facility.  Garmin believes that its vertically integrated approach has provided it the following benefits with respect to all products other than the nüvifone products, which are manufactured by one or more third parties as part of the Garmin-Asus strategic alliance, and our accessory products, which are also manufactured by one or more third parties:

 
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Reduced time-to-market. Utilizing concurrent engineering techniques, Garmin’s products are introduced to production at an early development stage and the feedback provided by manufacturing is incorporated into the design before mass production begins.  In this manner, Garmin attempts to reduce the time required to move a product from its design phase to mass production deliveries, with improved quality and yields.

Design and process optimization.  Garmin uses its manufacturing resources to rapidly prototype design concepts, products and processes in order to achieve higher efficiency, lower cost and better value for customers.  Garmin’s ability to fully explore product design and manufacturing process concepts has enabled it to optimize its designs to minimize size and weight in GPS devices that are functional, waterproof, and rugged.

Logistical agility.   Operating its own manufacturing facilities helps Garmin minimize problems, such as component shortages and long component lead times which are common in the electronics industry.  Many products can be re-engineered to bypass component shortages or reduce cost and the new designs can be delivered to market quickly.  Garmin reacts rapidly to changes in market demand by striving to maintain a safety stock of long-lead components and by rescheduling components from one product line to another.

Garmin’s design, manufacturing, distribution, and servicing processes in our US, Taiwan, and UK facilities are certified to ISO 9001, an international quality standard developed by the International Organization for Standardization. Garmin’s Taiwan manufacturing facilities have also achieved TS 16949 certification, a quality standard for automotive suppliers.  In addition, Garmin’s aviation operations have achieved certification to AS9100, the quality standard for the aviation industry.

 Garmin (Europe) Ltd and Garmin Corporation have also achieved certification of their environmental management systems to the ISO14001 standard.  This certification recognizes that Garmin’s UK and Taiwan subsidiaries have systems and processes in place to minimize or prevent harmful effects on the environment and to strive continually to improve its environmental performance.

Materials

Although most components essential to the Company’s business are generally available from multiple sources,  Certain key components including but not limited to microprocessors, certain liquid crystal displays (“LCDs”), and certain  application-specific integrated circuits (“ASICs”) are currently obtained by the Company from single or limited sources, which subjects the Company to supply and pricing risks. Many of these and other key components that are available from multiple sources including but not limited to NAND flash memory, dynamic random access memory (“DRAM”), GPS chipsets and certain LCDs, are subject at times to industry-wide shortages and commodity pricing fluctuations.

The Company and other participants in the personal computer, mobile communication and consumer electronics industries also compete for various components with other industries that have experienced increased demand for their products. In addition, the Company uses some custom components that are not common to the rest of the personal computer, mobile communication and consumer electronics industries, and new products introduced by the Company often utilize custom components available from only one source until the Company has evaluated whether there is a need for, and subsequently qualifies, additional suppliers. When a component or product uses new technologies, initial capacity constraints may exist until the suppliers’ yields have matured or manufacturing capacity has increased. If the Company’s supply of a key single-sourced component for a new or existing product were delayed or constrained, if such components were available only at significantly higher prices, or if a key manufacturing vendor delayed shipments of completed products to the Company, the Company’s financial condition and operating results could be materially adversely affected. The Company’s business and financial performance could also be adversely affected depending on the time required to obtain sufficient quantities from the original source, or to identify and obtain sufficient quantities from an alternative source. Continued availability of these components at acceptable prices, or at all, may be affected if those suppliers decided to concentrate on the production of common components instead of components customized to meet the Company’s requirements.

 
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Seasonality

Our sales are subject to significant seasonal fluctuation.  Sales of our consumer products are generally significantly higher in the fourth quarter, due to increased demand for automotive/mobile products during the holiday buying season, and, to a lesser extent, the second quarter, due to increased demand during the spring and summer marine season and the Father’s Day/graduation buying season.  Sales of consumer products are also influenced by the timing of the release of new products.  Our aviation products do not experience much seasonal variation, but are more influenced by the timing of the release of new products when the initial demand is typically the strongest.

Backlog

Our sales are generally of a consumer nature and there is a relatively short cycle between order and shipment.  Therefore, we believe that backlog information is not material to the understanding of our business.  We typically ship most orders within 72 hours of receipt.

Intellectual Property

Our success and ability to compete is dependent in part on our proprietary technology.  We rely on a combination of patent, copyright, trademark and trade secret laws, as well as confidentiality agreements, to establish and protect our proprietary rights. In addition, Garmin often relies on licenses of intellectual property for use in its business.  For example, Garmin obtains licenses for digital cartography technology for use in our products from various sources.

 As of January 21, 2010, Garmin’s worldwide IP portfolio includes over 400 patents and 250 trademark registrations.  Garmin was selected as a constituent of the 2009 Ocean Tomo® 300 Patent Index and the 2009 Wall Street Journal® Electronic & Instruments Patent Scorecard, both of which are indices that recognize companies with high intellectual property value. We believe that our continued success depends on the intellectual skills of our employees and their ability to continue to innovate.  Garmin will continue to file and prosecute patent applications when appropriate to attempt to protect Garmin’s rights in its proprietary technologies. 

There is no assurance that our current patents, or patents which we may later acquire, may successfully withstand any challenge, in whole or in part. It is also possible that any patent issued to us may not provide us with any competitive advantages, or that the patents of others will preclude us from manufacturing and marketing certain products. Despite our efforts to protect our proprietary rights, unauthorized parties may attempt to copy aspects of our products or to obtain and use information that we regard as proprietary.  Litigation may be necessary in the future to enforce our intellectual property rights, to protect our trade secrets, to determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others or to defend against claims of infringement or invalidity.

 
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Regulations

The telecommunications industry is highly regulated, and the regulatory environment in which Garmin operates is subject to change.  In accordance with Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”) rules and regulations, wireless transceiver and cellular handset products are required to be certified by the FCC and comparable authorities in foreign countries where they are sold.  Garmin’s products sold in Europe are required to comply with relevant directives of the European Commission.  A delay in receiving required certifications for new products, or enhancements to Garmin’s products, or losing certification for Garmin’s existing products could adversely affect our business.    In addition, aviation products that are intended for installation in “type certificated aircraft” are required to be certified by the FAA, its European counterpart, the European Aviation Safety Agency, and other comparable organizations before they can be used in an aircraft.

Because Garmin Corporation, one of the Company’s principal subsidiaries, is located in Taiwan, foreign exchange control laws and regulations of Taiwan with respect to remittances into and out of Taiwan may have an impact on Garmin’s operations.  The Taiwan Foreign Exchange Control Statute, and regulations thereunder, provide that all foreign exchange transactions must be executed by banks designated to handle such business by the Ministry of Finance of Taiwan and by the Central Bank of the Republic of China (Taiwan), also referred to as the CBC.  Current regulations favor trade-related foreign exchange transactions. Consequently, foreign currency earned from exports of merchandise and services may now be retained and used freely by exporters, while all foreign currency needed for the import of merchandise and services may be purchased freely from the designated foreign exchange banks.  Aside from trade-related foreign exchange transactions, Taiwan companies and residents may, without foreign exchange approval, remit outside and into Taiwan foreign currencies of up to $50 million and $5 million respectively, or their equivalent, each calendar year.  Currency conversions within the limits are processed by the designated banks and do not have to be reviewed and approved by the CBC.  The above limits apply to remittances involving a conversion between New Taiwan Dollars and U.S. Dollars or other foreign currencies.  The CBC typically approves foreign exchange in excess of the limits if a party applies with the CBC for review and presents legitimate business reasons justifying the currency conversion.  A requirement is also imposed on all enterprises to register all medium and long-term foreign debt with the CBC.

Environmental Matters

The European Union (“EU”) enacted the Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive ("RoHS Directive") and the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (“WEEE Directive”). The RoHS Directive requires EU member states to enact laws prohibiting the use of certain substances, including lead, mercury, cadmium and hexavalent chromium, in certain electronic products put on the market after July 1, 2006. The WEEE Directive requires EU member states to enact laws that were to go into effect by August 13, 2005 regulating the collection, recovery and recycling of waste from certain electronic products. We modified the design of our products and our manufacturing processes and are participating in the collection and recycling programs in order to comply with such laws and regulations.  The EU is reviewing the RoHS Directive, and an amended version – “RoHS II” – is expected to be adopted in the Spring of 2010.  While the basic objective should remain the same, it is expected that RoHS II will provide clearer directives and complement other EU legislation by using similar methodologies.

The EU has also enacted the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (“REACH”) regulation.  REACH requires manufacturers and importers of articles to register the substances contained in the articles if the substances are intended to be released under normal or reasonably foreseeable conditions of use.  Because the substances contained in our products are not intended to be released under normal or reasonably foreseeable conditions of use, we do not believe we or the importers of our products have an obligation under REACH to register those substances.  It is possible, however, that Garmin could participate in the REACH regulations as necessary to support possible REACH registration requirements of the recyclers of our products.  REACH also imposes notification and restriction requirements on manufacturers and importers of articles if the articles contain “substances of very high concern.”  We have established a program in order to comply when and to the extent necessary.  In January 2010, the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) formally added 14 chemicals to the REACH Candidate List of Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC), which brings the total number of chemicals on the SVHC Candidate List to 28.  Under the REACH regulations, producers and importers of a chemical on the Candidate List whose quantities in the produced/imported articles are above 1 metric ton in total per year and in a concentration that exceeds 0.1% weight by weight (w/w) will be required to notify the European Chemical Agency with information pertaining to its use by June 1, 2011. Garmin is currently gathering information from its suppliers as to whether any of the chemicals listed on the January 2010 SVHC list are contained in any articles purchased from such suppliers.  Garmin is continuing an ongoing effort to obtain information necessary for Garmin to evaluate any possible notification responsibilities.

 
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AC/DC adapters included as an accessory with certain Garmin products or sold as an option for battery charging of many portable Garmin products will require submissions of energy-use profiles in accordance with the EU EuP (Energy Using Products) Directive.  Garmin is modifying the design and energy-use profiles of our adapters in order to comply with applicable laws and regulations.  Additionally, the U.S. Department of Energy has promulgated a regulation pertaining to external power supplies and compliance with the energy efficiency standards that were established under the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007.  We will be addressing these requirements as necessary.

Garmin products may also become subject to further energy efficiency requirements if and when required under U.S. Federal climate change legislation.

In June 2009 the California Air Resources Board adopted proposed regulations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions which would begin phasing in starting with 2012 model-year vehicles that would require vehicles sold in California to have solar reflective window glazing that may interfere with the reception of GPS satellite signals by portable navigation devices.

The People’s Republic of China has enacted legislation which is widely known as “China RoHS”.  The first phase of China RoHS took effect on March 1, 2007 and requires the disclosure and marking of certain substances, including lead, mercury, cadmium and hexavalent chromium in certain electronic products.  We have established a program in order to comply with the first phase of China RoHS.

Other states and countries have promulgated or proposed legislation similar to the RoHS Directive and/or the WEEE Directive.  The need for and cost of our compliance with such legislation cannot yet be fully determined but the cost could be substantial.

Several states have enacted laws pertaining to the reduction of mercury in products and the labeling of mercury-containing products, including the member states of the Interstate Mercury Education and Reduction Clearinghouse (IMERC).  Some of these laws, including those in Connecticut, New York, Vermont and Louisiana, are applicable to certain of Garmin’s GPS products.  We have established an ongoing compliance program to ensure that we are fulfilling the notice and labeling requirements set forth in the relevant mercury legislation.

Garmin has implemented multiple Environmental Management System (“EMS”) policies in accordance with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 14001 standard for Environmental Health and Safety Management.  Garmin’s EMS policies set forth practices, standards, and procedures to ensure compliance with applicable environmental laws and regulations at Garmin’s Kansas headquarters facility, Garmin’s European headquarters facility, and Garmin’s Taiwan manufacturing facility.

Regulatory and “Green Procurement” demands from our customers are also increasing, particularly in the areas of restricted substance use and environmentally-friendly design and manufacture initiatives.  The overall impacts of these customer requirements cannot yet be established.  Garmin is committed to improving our products and processes to meet our customer needs.

 
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Employees

As of December 31, 2009, Garmin had 8,437 full and part-time employees worldwide, of whom 2,948 were in the United States, 68 were in Canada, 4,727 were in Taiwan, 623 were in Europe, and 71 were in other global locations.   Except for some of Garmin’s employees in Brazil, Iceland and Sweden, none of Garmin’s employees are represented by a labor union and none of Garmin's North American or Taiwan employees are covered by a collective bargaining agreement.  Garmin considers its employee relations to be good.

Item 1A.  Risk Factors

The risks described below are not the only ones facing our company.  Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently believe to be immaterial may also impair our business operations.  If any of the following risks occur, our business, financial condition or operating results could be materially adversely affected.

Risks Related to the Company

The demand for personal navigation devices (PNDs) may be eroded by replacement technologies becoming available on mobile handsets and factory-installed systems in new autos.

                We have experienced substantial growth in the automotive/mobile segment which has resulted in GPS/navigation technologies being incorporated into competing devices such as mobile handsets and new automobiles through factory-installed systems.  Mobile handsets are frequently GPS-enabled and many companies are now offering navigation software for mobile devices.  The acceptance of this technology by consumers could slow our growth and further reduce margins.  Navigation systems are also becoming more prevalent as optional equipment on new automobiles.  Increased navigation penetration on new automobiles could slow our growth and further reduce margins.

Our financial results are highly dependent on the automotive/mobile segment, which now represents approximately 70% of our revenues and may be maturing leading to lesser growth than we have experienced in the past.

                We have experienced substantial growth in the automotive/mobile segment of our business in recent years as the products have become mass-market consumer electronics in both Europe and North America.  This market growth may now be slowing as penetration rates increase and competing technologies emerge.  Slowing growth, along with the significant price reductions that have occurred during the past three years, could result in lower revenues.  As margins have also declined in this segment, slowing growth may also result in lower earnings per share.

Economic conditions and uncertainty could adversely affect our revenue and margins

Our revenue and margins depend significantly on general economic conditions and the demand for products in the markets in which we compete.  The current economic weakness and constrained consumer and business spending has resulted in decreased revenue and may in the future result in decreased revenue and problems with our ability to manage inventory levels and collect customer receivables. In addition, financial difficulties experienced by our retailer and OEM customers have resulted, and could result in the future, in significant bad debt write-offs and additions to reserves in our receivables and could have an adverse affect on our results of operations.

 
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Gross margins for our products may fluctuate or erode.

Gross margins on our automotive/mobile products were declining prior to 2009 and are expected to decline in 2010 due to price reductions in the increasingly competitive market for personal navigation devices (PNDs) that are not offset by material cost reductions. In addition, our overall gross margin may fluctuate from period to period due to a number of factors, including product mix, competition and unit volumes.  In particular, the average selling prices of a specific product tend to decrease over that product’s life.  To offset such decreases, we intend to rely primarily on component cost reduction, obtaining yield improvements and corresponding cost reductions in the manufacture of existing products and on introducing new products that incorporate advanced features and therefore can be sold at higher average selling prices.  However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain any such yield improvements or cost reductions or introduce any such new products in the future.  To the extent that such cost reductions and new product introductions do not occur in a timely manner or our products do not achieve market acceptance, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected.

Changes in our United States federal income tax classification or in applicable tax law could result in adverse tax consequences to our shareholders.

We do not believe that we (or any of our non-United States subsidiaries) are currently a ‘‘passive foreign investment company’’ for United States federal income tax purposes.  We do not expect to become a passive foreign investment company.  However, because the passive foreign investment company determination is made annually based on whether the company’s income or assets meet certain thresholds as determined under United States federal tax principles which are based on facts and circumstances that may be beyond our control, we cannot assure that we will not become a passive foreign investment company in the future.  If we are a passive foreign investment company in any year, then any of our shareholders that is a United States person could be liable to pay tax on their pro rata share of our income plus an interest charge upon some distributions by us or when that shareholder sells our common shares at a gain.  Further, if we are classified as a passive foreign investment company in any year in which a United States person is a shareholder, we generally will continue to be treated as a passive foreign investment company with respect to such shareholder in all succeeding years, regardless of whether we continue to satisfy the income or asset tests mentioned above.
 
We do not believe that we (or any of our non-United States subsidiaries) are currently a Controlled Foreign Corporation (CFC) for United States federal income tax purposes.  We do not expect to become a CFC.  The CFC determination is made daily based on whether the United States shareholders own more than fifty percent of the voting power or value of the Company.  Only United States persons that own ten percent or more of the voting power of the Company’s shares qualify as United States shareholders.  If the Company were to be classified as a CFC for an uninterrupted thirty day period in any year, the Company’s shareholders that qualify as United States shareholders could be liable to pay US income tax at ordinary income tax rates on their pro-rata share of certain categories of the Company’s income for the period in which the Company is classified as a CFC. As the Company cannot control the ownership of the Company’s stock nor can the Company control which shareholders participate in the Company’s stock buyback program, ownership changes could result that create United States shareholders which increase the risk of Garmin being treated as a CFC.
 
Legislative proposals have been considered in the United States within the past year that could increase the United States tax burden of corporations with international operations and could broaden the circumstances under which foreign corporations could be considered resident in the United States   Our tax position could be adversely impacted by changes in United States or foreign tax laws, tax treaties or tax regulations or the interpretation or enforcement thereof by any tax authority. We cannot predict the outcome of any specific legislative proposals.
 
Best Buy is a significant customer, representing over 10% of net sales.  Accordingly, our revenues and profitability will be adversely impacted if Best Buy’s business declines or if Best Buy is unable to pay us amounts owed timely.

Best Buy is our largest customer and accounted for 13.4% and 12.0% of our total net sales in 2009 and 2008, respectively.  If Best Buy’s business declines due to the economic conditions, market share losses or other factors, our revenues and profitability will be adversely impacted.  In addition, if Best Buy’s liquidity erodes for any of the reasons discussed above or a tightening in the credit markets and they are unwilling or unable to pay us amounts owed timely, our profitability will be adversely impacted.

 
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If we are not successful in the continued development, introduction or timely manufacture of new products, demand for our products could decrease.

We expect that a significant portion of our future revenue will continue to be derived from sales of newly introduced products.  The market for our products is characterized by rapidly changing technology, evolving industry standards and changes in customer needs.  If we fail to introduce new products, or to modify or improve our existing products, in response to changes in technology, industry standards or customer needs, our products could rapidly become less competitive or obsolete.  We must continue to make significant investments in research and development in order to continue to develop new products, enhance existing products and achieve market acceptance for such products.  However, there can be no assurance that development stage products will be successfully completed or, if developed, will achieve significant customer acceptance.

If we are unable to successfully develop and introduce competitive new products, and enhance our existing products, our future results of operations would be adversely affected.  Our pursuit of necessary technology may require substantial time and expense.  We may need to license new technologies to respond to technological change.  These licenses may not be available to us on terms that we can accept or may materially change the gross profits that we are able to obtain on our products. We may not succeed in adapting our products to new technologies as they emerge.  Development and manufacturing schedules for technology products are difficult to predict, and there can be no assurance that we will achieve timely initial customer shipments of new products.  The timely availability of these products in volume and their acceptance by customers are important to our future success.  From time to time we have experienced delays in shipping certain of our new products and any future delays, whether due to product development delays, manufacturing delays, lack of market acceptance, delays in regulatory approval, or otherwise, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

If we are unable to compete effectively with existing or new competitors, our resulting loss of competitive position could result in price reductions, fewer customer orders, reduced margins and loss of market share.

The markets for our products are highly competitive, and we expect competition to increase in the future. Some of our competitors have significantly greater financial, technical and marketing resources than we do.  These competitors may be able to respond more rapidly to new or emerging technologies or changes in customer requirements.  They may also be able to devote greater resources to the development, promotion and sale of their products.  Increased competition could result in price reductions, fewer customer orders, reduced margins and loss of market share.  Our failure to compete successfully against current or future competitors could seriously harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We rely on independent dealers and distributors to sell our products, and disruption to these channels would harm our business.

Because we sell a majority of our products to independent dealers and distributors, we are subject to many risks, including risks related to their inventory levels and support for our products.  In particular, our dealers and distributors maintain significant levels of our products in their inventories.  If dealers and distributors attempt to reduce their levels of inventory or if they do not maintain sufficient levels to meet customer demand, our sales could be negatively impacted.

Many of our dealers and distributors also sell products offered by our competitors.  If our competitors offer our dealers and distributors more favorable terms, those dealers and distributors may de-emphasize or decline to carry our products. In the future, we may not be able to retain or attract a sufficient number of qualified dealers and distributors.  If we are unable to maintain successful relationships with dealers and distributors or to expand our distribution channels, our business will suffer.

Our quarterly operating results are subject to fluctuations and seasonality.

Our operating results are difficult to predict. Our future quarterly operating results may fluctuate significantly.  If such operating results decline, the price of our stock would likely decline.  As we expand our operations, our operating expenses, particularly our advertising and research and development costs, may increase as a percentage of our sales.  If revenues decrease and we are unable to reduce those costs rapidly, our operating results would be negatively affected.

 
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Historically, our revenues have been weaker in the first quarter of each fiscal year and have recently been lower than the preceding fourth quarter.  Our devices are highly consumer-oriented, and consumer buying is traditionally lower in these quarters.  Sales of certain of our marine and automotive products tend to be higher in our second fiscal quarter due to increased consumer spending for such products during the recreational marine, fishing, and travel season.  Sales of our automotive/mobile products also have been higher in our fourth fiscal quarter due to increased consumer spending patterns on electronic devices during the holiday season. In addition, we attempt to time our new product releases to coincide with relatively higher consumer spending in the second and fourth fiscal quarters, which contributes to these seasonal variations.

Our quarterly financial statements will reflect fluctuations in foreign currency translation.


The operation of Garmin’s subsidiaries in international markets results in exposure to movements in currency exchange rates.  We have experienced significant foreign currency gains and losses due to the strengthening and weakening of the U.S. dollar.  The potential of volatile foreign exchange rate fluctuations in the future could have a significant effect on our results of operations.

The currencies that create a majority of the Company’s exchange rate exposure are the Taiwan Dollar, Euro, and British Pound Sterling.  Garmin Corporation, headquartered in Shijr, Taiwan, uses the local currency as the functional currency.  The Company translates all assets and liabilities at year-end exchange rates and income and expense accounts at average rates during the year.  In order to minimize the effect of the currency exchange fluctuations on our net assets, we have elected to retain most of our Taiwan subsidiary’s cash and investments in marketable securities denominated in U.S. dollars.

Nonetheless, U.S. GAAP requires the Company at the end of each accounting period to translate into Taiwan Dollars all such U.S. Dollar denominated assets held by our Taiwan subsidiary.  This translation is required because the Taiwan Dollar is the functional currency of the subsidiary.  This U.S. GAAP-mandated translation will cause us to recognize gain or loss on our financial statements as the Taiwan Dollar/U.S. Dollar exchange rate varies.  Such gain or loss will create variations in our earnings per share.  Because there is minimal cash impact caused by such exchange rate variations, management will continue to focus on the Company’s operating performance before the impact of the foreign currency translation.

If we do not correctly anticipate demand for our products, we may not be able to secure sufficient quantities or cost-effective production of our products or we could have costly excess production or inventories.

We have generally been able to increase production to meet this increasing demand.  However, the demand for our products depends on many factors and will be difficult to forecast.  We expect that it will become more difficult to forecast demand as we introduce and support multiple products, as competition in the market for our products intensifies and as the markets for some of our products mature to the mass market category.  Significant unanticipated fluctuations in demand could cause the following problems in our operations:

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If demand increases beyond what we forecast, we would have to rapidly increase production. We would depend on suppliers to provide additional volumes of components and those suppliers might not be able to increase production rapidly enough to meet unexpected demand.

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Rapid increases in production levels to meet unanticipated demand could result in higher costs for manufacturing and supply of components and other expenses.  These higher costs could lower our profit margins.  Further, if production is increased rapidly, manufacturing quality could decline, which may also lower our margins and reduce customer satisfaction.

 
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If forecasted demand does not develop, we could have excess production resulting in higher inventories of finished products and components, which would use cash and could lead to write-offs of some or all of the excess inventories.  Lower than forecasted demand could also result in excess manufacturing capacity or reduced manufacturing efficiencies at our facilities, which could result in lower margins.

We have benefited in the past from Taiwan government tax incentives offered on certain high technology capital investments that may not always be available.

Our effective tax rate is lower than the U.S. federal statutory rate, because we have benefited from incentives offered in Taiwan related to our high technology investments in Taiwan.  The loss of these tax benefits could have a significant effect on our financial results in the future.

We may experience unique economic and political risks associated with companies that operate in Taiwan.

Relations between Taiwan and the People’s Republic of China, also referred to as the PRC, and other factors affecting the political or economic conditions of Taiwan in the future could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations and the market price and the liquidity of our shares.  Our principal manufacturing facilities where we manufacture all of our products, except our panel-mounted aviation products, are located in Taiwan.

Taiwan has a unique international political status.  The PRC asserts sovereignty over all of China, including Taiwan, certain other islands and all of mainland China.  The PRC government does not recognize the legitimacy of the Taiwan government.  Although significant economic and cultural relations have been established during recent years between Taiwan and the PRC, the PRC government has indicated that it may use military force to gain control over Taiwan in certain circumstances, such as the declaration of independence by Taiwan.  Relations between Taiwan and the PRC have on occasion adversely affected the market value of Taiwanese companies and could negatively affect our operations in Taiwan in the future.

Our intellectual property rights are important to our operations, and we could suffer loss if they infringe upon other’s rights or are infringed upon by others.

We rely on a combination of patents, copyrights, trademarks and trade secrets, confidentiality provisions and licensing arrangements to establish and protect our proprietary rights.  To this end, we hold rights to a number of patents and registered trademarks and regularly file applications to attempt to protect our rights in new technology and trademarks.  However, there is no guarantee that our patent applications will become issued patents, or that our trademark applications will become registered trademarks.  Moreover, even if approved, our patents or trademarks may thereafter be successfully challenged by others or otherwise become invalidated for a variety of reasons.   Thus, any patents or trademarks we currently have or may later acquire may not provide us a significant competitive advantage.

Third parties may claim that we are infringing their intellectual property rights.  Such claims could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition.  From time to time we receive letters alleging infringement of patents, trademarks or other intellectual property rights.  Litigation concerning patents or other intellectual property is costly and time consuming.  We may seek licenses from such parties, but they could refuse to grant us a license or demand commercially unreasonable terms.  We might not have sufficient resources to pay for the licenses.  Such infringement claims could also cause us to incur substantial liabilities and to suspend or permanently cease the use of critical technologies or processes or the production or sale of major products.

 
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We may become subject to significant product liability costs.

If our aviation products malfunction or contain errors or defects, airplane collisions or crashes could occur resulting in property damage, personal injury or death.  Malfunctions or errors or defects in our marine navigational products could cause boats to run aground or cause other wreckage, personal injury or death.  If our automotive or marine products contain defects or errors in the mapping supplied by third-party map providers or if our users do not heed our warnings about the proper use of these products, collisions or accidents could occur resulting in property damage, personal injury or death.  If any of these events occurs, we could be subject to significant liability for personal injury and property damage and under certain circumstances could be subject to a judgment for punitive damages.  We maintain insurance against accident-related risks involving our products.  However, there can be no assurance that such insurance would be sufficient to cover the cost of damages to others or that such insurance will continue to be available at commercially reasonable rates.  In addition, insurance coverage generally will not cover awards of punitive damages and may not cover the cost of associated legal fees and defense costs, which could result in lower margins.  If we are unable to maintain sufficient insurance to cover product liability costs or if our insurance coverage does not cover the award, this could have a materially adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We depend on our suppliers, some of which are the sole source for specific components, and our production would be seriously harmed if these suppliers are not able to meet our demand and alternative sources are not available, or if the costs of components rise.

We are dependent on third party suppliers for various components used in our current products.  Some of the components that we procure from third party suppliers include semiconductors and electroluminescent panels, liquid crystal displays, memory chips, batteries and microprocessors.  The cost, quality and availability of components are essential to the successful production and sale of our products.  Some components we use are from sole source suppliers. Certain application-specific integrated circuits incorporating our proprietary designs are manufactured for us by sole source suppliers.  Alternative sources may not be currently available for these sole source components.

In the past we have experienced shortages of liquid crystal displays and other components.  In addition, if there are shortages in supply of components, the costs of such components may rise. If suppliers are unable to meet our demand for components on a timely basis and if we are unable to obtain an alternative source or if the price of the alternative source is prohibitive, or if the costs of components rise, our ability to maintain timely and cost-effective production of our products would be seriously harmed.

We depend on third party licensors for the digital map data contained in our automotive/mobile products, and our business and/or gross margins could be harmed if we become unable to continue licensing such mapping data or if the royalty costs for such data rise.

We license digital mapping data for use in our products from various sources.  There are only a limited number of suppliers of mapping data for each geographical region.  The two largest digital map suppliers are NAVTEQ Corporation and Tele Atlas N.V.  NAVTEQ Corporation is owned by Nokia Oyj and Tele Atlas N.V. is owned by TomTom N.V.  Nokia and TomTom are both competitors of Garmin.

 Although we do not foresee difficulty in continuing to license data at favorable pricing due to the long term license extension signed between Garmin and NAVTEQ in November 2007 (extending our NAVTEQ license agreement through 2015 with an option to extend through 2019), if we are unable to continue licensing such mapping data and are unable to obtain an alternative source, or if the nature of our relationships with NAVTEQ changes detrimentally, our ability to supply mapping data for use in our products would be seriously harmed.

We may pursue strategic acquisitions, investments, strategic partnerships or other ventures, and our business could be materially harmed if we fail to successfully identify, complete and integrate such transactions.

We intend to evaluate acquisition opportunities and opportunities to make investments in complementary businesses, technologies, services or products, or to enter into strategic partnerships with parties who can provide access to those assets, additional product or services offerings, additional distribution or marketing synergies or additional industry expertise.  We may not be able to identify suitable acquisition, investment or strategic partnership candidates, or if we do identify suitable candidates in the future, we may not be able to complete those transactions on commercially favorable terms, or at all.

 
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Any past or future acquisitions could also result in difficulties assimilating acquired employees (including cultural differences with foreign acquisitions), operations, and products and diversion of capital and management’s attention away from other business issues and opportunities.  Integration of acquired companies may result in problems related to integration of technology and inexperienced management teams. In addition, the key personnel of the acquired company may decide not to work for us.  We may not successfully integrate internal controls, compliance under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and other corporate governance matters, operations, personnel or products related to acquisitions we have made in previous years  or may make in the future.  If we fail to successfully integrate such transactions, our business could be materially harmed.

We may have additional tax liabilities.  

We are subject to income taxes in both the United States and numerous foreign jurisdictions. Significant judgment is required in determining our worldwide provision for income taxes. In the ordinary course of our business, there are many transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. We are regularly under audit by tax authorities. Although we believe our tax estimates are reasonable, the final determination of tax audits and any related litigation could be materially different from our historical income tax provisions and accruals. The results of an audit or litigation could have a material effect on our income tax provision, net income or cash flows in the period or periods for which that determination is made.

Our shareholders may face difficulties in protecting their interests because we are incorporated under Cayman Islands law.

Our corporate affairs are governed by our Memorandum and Articles of Association, as amended, and by the Companies Law (2009 Revision) and the common law of the Cayman Islands.  The rights of our shareholders and the fiduciary responsibilities of our directors under Cayman Islands law are not as clearly established as under statutes or judicial precedent in existence in jurisdictions in the United States.  Therefore, you may have more difficulty in protecting your interests in the face of actions by the management, directors or our controlling shareholders than would shareholders of a corporation incorporated in a jurisdiction in the United States, due to the comparatively less developed nature of Cayman Islands law in this area.

Shareholders of Cayman Islands exempted companies such as Garmin have no general rights under Cayman Islands law to inspect corporate records and accounts or to obtain copies of lists of shareholders of the company. This may make it more difficult for you to obtain the information needed to establish any facts necessary for a shareholder motion or to solicit proxies from other shareholders in connection with a proxy contest.

Subject to limited exceptions, under Cayman Islands law, a minority shareholder may not bring a derivative action against the board of directors. Our Cayman Islands counsel has advised that they are not aware of any reported class action or derivative action having been brought in a Cayman Islands court.

Failure to obtain required certifications of our products on a timely basis could harm our business.

We have certain products, especially in our aviation segment, that are subject to governmental and similar certifications before they can be sold.  For example, FAA certification is required for all of our aviation products that are intended for installation in type certificated aircraft.  To the extent required, certification is an expensive and time-consuming process that requires significant focus and resources.  An inability to obtain, or excessive delay in obtaining, such certifications could have an adverse effect on our ability to introduce new products and, for certain aviation OEM products, our customers’ ability to sell airplanes.  Therefore, such inabilities or delays could adversely affect our operating results.  In addition, we cannot assure you that our certified products will not be decertified.  Any such decertification could have an adverse effect on our operating results.

 
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Our business may suffer if we are not able to hire and retain sufficient qualified personnel or if we lose our key personnel.

Our future success depends partly on the continued contribution of our key executive, engineering, sales, marketing, manufacturing and administrative personnel.  We currently do not have employment agreements with any of our key executive officers.  We do not have key man life insurance on any of our key executive officers and do not currently intend to obtain such insurance.  The loss of the services of any of our senior level management, or other key employees, could harm our business.  Recruiting and retaining the skilled personnel we require to maintain and grow our market position may be difficult.  For example, in some recent years there has been a nationwide shortage of qualified electrical engineers and software engineers who are necessary for us to design and develop new products, and therefore, it has sometimes been challenging to recruit such personnel.  If we fail to hire and retain qualified employees, we may not be able to maintain and expand our business.

There is uncertainty as to our shareholders’ ability to enforce certain foreign civil liabilities in the Cayman Islands and Taiwan.

We are a Cayman Islands company and a substantial portion of our assets are located outside the United States, particularly in Taiwan.  As a result, it may be difficult to effect service of process within the United States upon us.  In addition, there is uncertainty as to whether the courts of the Cayman Islands or Taiwan would recognize or enforce judgments of United States courts obtained against us predicated upon the civil liability provisions of the securities laws of the United States or any state thereof, or be competent to hear original actions brought in the Cayman Islands or Taiwan against us predicated upon the securities laws of the United States or any state thereof.

A shut down of U.S. airspace or imposition of restrictions on general aviation would harm our business.

Following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, the FAA ordered all aircraft operating in the U.S. to be grounded for several days.  In addition to this shut down of U.S. airspace, the general aviation industry was further impacted by the additional restrictions implemented by the FAA on those flights that fly utilizing Visual Flight Rules (VFR).  The FAA restricted VFR flight inside 30 enhanced Class B (a 20-25 mile radius around the 30 largest metropolitan areas in the USA) airspace areas.  The Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) estimated that these restrictions affected approximately 41,800 general aviation aircraft based at 282 airports inside the 30 enhanced Class B airspace areas.  The AOPA estimates that approximately 90% of all general aviation flights are conducted VFR, and that only 15% of general aviation pilots are current to fly utilizing Instrument Flight Rules (IFR).

The shutdown of U.S. airspace following September 11, 2001 caused reduced sales of our general aviation products and delays in the shipment of our products manufactured in our Taiwan manufacturing facility to our distribution facility in Olathe, Kansas, thereby adversely affecting our ability to supply new and existing products to our dealers and distributors.

Any future shut down of U.S. airspace or imposition of restrictions on general aviation could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial results.

Many of our products rely on the Global Positioning System

The Global Positioning System is a satellite-based navigation and positioning system consisting of a constellation of orbiting satellites.  The satellites and their ground control and monitoring stations are maintained and operated by the United States Department of Defense.  The Department of Defense does not currently charge users for access to the satellite signals.  These satellites and their ground support systems are complex electronic systems subject to electronic and mechanical failures and possible sabotage. The satellites were originally designed to have lives of 7.5 years and are subject to damage by the hostile space environment in which they operate.  However, of the current deployment of satellites in place, some have been operating for more than 12 years.

 
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If a significant number of satellites were to become inoperable, unavailable or are not replaced, it would impair the current utility of our Global Positioning System products and would have a material negative effect on our business.  In addition, there can be no assurance that the U.S. government will remain committed to the operation and maintenance of Global Positioning System satellites over a long period, or that the policies of the U.S. government that provide for the use of the Global Positioning System without charge and without accuracy degradation will remain unchanged.  Because of the increasing commercial applications of the Global Positioning System, other U.S. government agencies may become involved in the administration or the regulation of the use of Global Positioning System signals.    However, in a presidential policy statement issued in December 2004, the Bush administration indicated that the U.S. is committed to supporting and improving the Global Positioning System and will continue providing it free from direct user fees.

Some of our products also use signals from systems that augment GPS, such as the Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS).  WAAS is operated by the FAA. Any curtailment of the operating capability of WAAS could result in decreased user capability for many of our aviation products, thereby impacting our markets.

Any of the foregoing factors could affect the willingness of buyers of our products to select Global Positioning System-based products instead of products based on competing technologies.

Any reallocation of radio frequency spectrum could cause interference with the reception of Global Positioning System signals. This interference could harm our business.

Our Global Positioning System technology is dependent on the use of the Standard Positioning Service (SPS) provided by the U.S. Government’s Global Positioning System satellites.  The Global Positioning System operates in radio frequency bands that are globally allocated for radio navigation satellite services.  The assignment of spectrum is controlled by an international organization known as the International Telecommunications Union (‘‘ITU’’).  The Federal Communications Commission (‘‘FCC’’) is responsible for the assignment of spectrum for non-government use in the United States in accordance with ITU regulations.  Any ITU or FCC reallocation of radio frequency spectrum, including frequency band segmentation or sharing of spectrum, could cause interference with the reception of Global Positioning System signals and may materially and adversely affect the utility and reliability of our products, which would, in turn, have a material adverse effect on our operating results.  In addition, emissions from mobile satellite service and other equipment operating in adjacent frequency bands or inband may materially and adversely affect the utility and reliability of our products, which could result in a material adverse effect on our operating results. The  FCC  continually  receives  proposals  for  new technologies and services, such as ultra-wideband  technologies,  which may seek to operate in, or across,  the radio  frequency  bands currently used by the GPS SPS.  Adverse  decisions by the FCC that result in harmful interference to the delivery of the GPS SPS may  materially  and  adversely  affect the utility  and  reliability  of our  products,  which  could  result in a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition.

Our business is subject to disruptions and uncertainties caused by war or terrorism

Acts of war or acts of terrorism, especially any directed at the GPS signals, could have a material adverse impact on our business, operating results, and financial condition. The threat of terrorism and war and heightened security and military response to this threat, or any future acts of terrorism, may cause a redeployment of the satellites used in GPS or interruptions of the system. To the extent that such interruptions have an effect on sales of our products, this could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, and financial condition.

We may be exposed to certain regulatory and financial risks related to climate change.
 
Climate change is receiving increasing attention worldwide.  Some scientists, legislators and others attribute global warming to increased levels of greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, which has led to significant legislative and regulatory efforts to limit greenhouse gas emissions.

 
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There are a number of pending legislative and regulatory proposals to address greenhouse gas emissions. For example, in June 2009 the U.S. House of Representatives passed the American Clean Energy and Security Act that would phase-in significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions if enacted into law. The U.S. Senate is considering a different bill, and it is uncertain whether, when and in what form a federal mandatory carbon dioxide emissions reduction program may be adopted. Similarly, certain countries have adopted the Kyoto Protocol. These actions could increase costs associated with our operations, including costs for components used in the manufacture of our products and freight costs.

                In June 2009 the California Air Resources Board adopted proposed regulations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions which would begin phasing in starting with 2012 model-year vehicles that would require vehicles sold in California to have solar reflective window glazing that may interfere with the reception of GPS satellite signals by portable navigation devices.
 
Because it is uncertain what laws and regulations will be enacted, we cannot predict the potential impact of such laws and regulations on our future consolidated financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Risks Relating to Our Shares
 
The volatility of our stock price could adversely affect investment in our common shares.

The market price of our common shares has been, and may continue to be, highly volatile.  During 2009, the price of our common shares ranged from a low of $15.17 to a high of $39.58. A variety of factors could cause the price of our common shares to fluctuate, perhaps substantially, including:

 
·
announcements and rumors of developments related to our business, our competitors, our suppliers or the markets in which we compete;
 
·
quarterly fluctuations in our actual or anticipated operating results;
 
·
the availability, pricing and timeliness of delivery of components, such as flash memory and liquid crystal displays, used in our  products;
 
·
general conditions in the worldwide economy, including fluctuations in interest rates;
 
·
announcements of technological innovations;
 
·
new products or product enhancements by us or our competitors;
 
·
product obsolescence and our ability to manage product transitions;
 
·
developments in patents or other intellectual property rights and litigation;
 
·
developments in our relationships with our customers and suppliers;
 
·
research reports or opinions issued by securities analysts or brokerage houses related to Garmin, our competitors, our suppliers or our customers; and
 
·
any significant acts of terrorism against the United States, Taiwan or significant markets where we sell our products.

In addition, in recent years the stock market in general and the markets for shares of technology companies in particular, have experienced extreme price fluctuations which have often been unrelated to the operating performance of affected companies.  Any such fluctuations in the future could adversely affect the market price of our common shares, and the market price of our common shares may decline.
 
Our officers and directors exert substantial influence over us.

As of January 25, 2010 members and former members of our Board of Directors and our executive officers, together with members of their families and entities that may be deemed affiliates of or related to such persons or entities, beneficially owned approximately 43.3% of our outstanding common shares.  Accordingly, these shareholders may be able to determine the outcome of corporate actions requiring shareholder approval, such as mergers and acquisitions.  This level of ownership may have a significant effect in delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control of Garmin and may adversely affect the voting and other rights of other holders of our common shares.

 
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Provisions in our shareholder rights plan and our charter documents might deter, delay or prevent a third party from acquiring us and Cayman Islands corporate law may impede a takeover, which could decrease the value of our shares.

Our Board of Directors has the authority to issue up to 1,000,000 preferred shares and to determine the price, rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions, including voting rights, of those shares without any further vote or action by the shareholders.  This could have an adverse impact on the market price of our common shares.  We have no present plans to issue any preferred shares, but we may do so.  The rights of the holders of common shares may be subject to, and adversely affected by, the rights of the holders of any preferred shares that may be issued in the future.  In addition, we have adopted a classified board of directors.  Our shareholders are unable to remove any director or the entire board of directors without a super majority vote.  In addition, a super majority vote is required to approve transactions with interested shareholders.  Shareholders do not have the right to call a shareholders’ meeting.  We have adopted a shareholders’ rights plan which under certain circumstances would significantly impair the ability of third parties to acquire control of us without prior approval of our Board of Directors.  This shareholders’ rights plan and the provisions in our charter documents could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire us, even if doing so would benefit our shareholders.

The Cayman Islands have recently introduced provisions to the Companies Law (2009 Revision) to facilitate mergers and consolidations between Cayman Islands companies and non-Cayman Islands companies.  These provisions, contained within Part XVI of the Companies Law (2009 Revision), are broadly similar to the merger provisions as provided for under Delaware Law.

There are however a number of important material differences that could impede a takeover. First, the thresholds for approval of the merger plan by shareholders are higher. The thresholds are (a) a shareholder resolution by majority in number representing 75% in value of the shareholders voting together as one class or (b) if the shares to be issued to each shareholder in the consolidated or surviving company are to have the same rights and economic value as the shares held in the constituent company, a special resolution of the shareholders (being 75% of those present in person in person or by proxy and voting) voting together as one class.

As it is would not be expected that the shares would have the same rights and economic value following a takeover by way of merger, it is expected that the first test is the one which would commonly apply. This threshold essentially has three requirements. First "a majority in number" of the shareholders must approve; secondly such majority must hold 75% "in value" of all the outstanding shares and thirdly the shareholders must vote together as one class.

Secondly the consent of each holder of a fixed or floating security interest (in essence a documented security interest as opposed to one arising by operation of law) is required to be obtained unless the Grand Court of the Cayman Islands waives such requirement.

The merger provisions contained within Part XVI of the Companies Law (2009 Revision) do contain shareholder appraisal rights similar to that as provided for under Delaware law.  Such rights are limited to a merger under Part XVI and do apply to schemes of arrangement as discussed below.

 
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The Companies Law (2009 Revision) also contains separate statutory provisions that provide for the merger, reconstruction and amalgamation of companies, which are commonly referred to in the Cayman Islands as a “scheme of arrangement.”  The procedural and legal requirements necessary to consummate these transactions are more rigorous and take longer to complete than the procedures typically required to consummate a merger in the United States. Under Cayman Islands law and practice, a scheme of arrangement in relation to a solvent Cayman Islands exempted company must be approved at a shareholders’ meeting by a majority of each class of the company’s shareholders who are present and voting (either in person or by proxy) at such meeting. The shares voted in favor of the scheme of arrangement must also represent at least 75% of the value of each relevant class of the company’s shareholders (excluding the shares owned by the parties to the scheme of arrangement) present and voting at the meeting. The Grand Court of the Cayman Islands must also sanction the convening of these meetings and the terms of the amalgamation. Although there is no requirement to seek the consent of the creditors of the parties involved in the scheme of arrangement, the Grand Court typically seeks to ensure that the creditors have consented to the transfer of their liabilities to the surviving entity or that the scheme of arrangement does not otherwise materially adversely affect the creditors’ interests. Furthermore, the Grand Court will only approve a scheme of arrangement if it is satisfied that:

 
the statutory provisions as to majority vote have been complied with;

 
the shareholders have been fairly represented at the meeting in question;

 
the scheme of arrangement is such as a businessman would reasonably approve; and

 
the scheme of arrangement is not one that would more properly be sanctioned under some other provision of the Companies Law (2009 Revision)

If the scheme of arrangement is approved, the dissenting shareholder would have no rights comparable to appraisal rights, which would otherwise ordinarily be available to dissenting shareholders of U.S. corporations, providing rights to receive payment in cash for the judicially determined value of the shares.

In addition, if an offer by a third party to purchase shares in us has been approved by the holders of at least 90% of our outstanding shares (not including such third party) pursuant to an offer within a four-month period of making such an offer, the purchaser may, during the two months following expiration of the four-month period, require the holders of the remaining shares to transfer their shares on the same terms on which the purchaser acquired the first 90% of our outstanding shares. An objection can be made to the Grand Court of the Cayman Islands, but this is unlikely to succeed unless there is evidence of fraud, bad faith, collusion or inequitable treatment of the shareholders.

Item 1B.  Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 2.  Properties

The following are the principal properties owned or leased by the Company and its subsidiaries:

Garmin International, Inc. and Garmin USA, Inc. occupy a facility of approximately 1,120,000 square feet on 42 acres in Olathe, Kansas, where the majority of product design and development work is conducted, the majority of aviation panel-mount products are manufactured and products are warehoused, distributed, and supported for North, Central and South America.  Garmin’s subsidiary, Garmin Realty, LLC also owns an additional 46 acres of land on the Olathe site for future expansion.  In connection with the bond financings for the facility in Olathe and the previous expansion of that facility, the City of Olathe holds the legal title to the Olathe facility which is leased to Garmin’s subsidiaries by the City.  Upon the payment in full of the outstanding bonds, the City of Olathe is obligated to transfer title to Garmin’s subsidiaries for the aggregate sum of $200.  Garmin International, Inc. has purchased all the outstanding bonds and continues to hold the bonds until maturity in order to benefit from property tax abatement.

 
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Garmin Corporation owns and occupies a 249,326 square foot facility in Sijhih, Taipei County, Taiwan, a 223,469 square foot facility in Jhongli, Tao-Yang County, Taiwan, and an approximately 580,000 square foot facility in LinKou, Tao-Yang County, Taiwan. In these three facilities Garmin Corporation manufactures all of Garmin’s consumer and portable aviation products and warehouses, markets and supports products for the Pacific Rim countries.

Garmin AT, Inc. leases approximately 15 acres of land in Salem, Oregon under a ground lease.  This ground lease expires in 2030 but Garmin AT has the option to extend the ground lease until 2050.  Garmin AT, Inc. owns and occupies a 115,000 square foot facility for office, development and manufacturing use and a 33,000 square foot aircraft hangar, flight test and certification facility on this land.

Garmin International, Inc. leases 148,320 square feet of land at New Century Airport in Gardner, Kansas under a ground lease which expires in 2026.  Garmin International, Inc. owns and occupies a 47,254 square foot aircraft hangar, flight test and certification facility on this land which is used in development and certification of aviation products.

Garmin International, Inc. leases approximately 15,000 square feet of space at 669 North Michigan Avenue in Chicago, Illinois which is used as a retail store and showroom for Garmin products.   This lease expires in November 2016.

Garmin International, Inc. also leases an additional: (i) 18,392 square feet of office space in Kansas City, Missouri for a call center operation; (ii) 48,625 square feet of office space in Olathe, Kansas for a call center operation; (iii) 24,748 square feet of aggregate office space in two buildings in Tempe, Arizona for software development; (iv) 5,509 square feet of office space in San Francisco, CA for its Garmin Connect division; (v) 8,183 square feet of office space in Diamond Bar, California for software development; (vi) 5,952 square feet of office space (and 17,536 square feet of land on which the premises sits) in Wichita, Kansas for aviation development and support; and (vii) 5,700 square feet in Newport, Oregon for the former Nautamatic (now TR-1) marine autopilot operations.

Garmin (Europe) Ltd. owns and occupies a 155,000 square foot building located in Totton, Southampton, England.

Item 3.  Legal Proceedings

Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. v. Alpine Electronics of America, Inc., Alpine Electronics, Inc., Denso Corporation, Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc., American Honda Motor Co., Inc., and Garmin International, Inc.

On May 16, 2005, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. (“Encyclopaedia Britannica”) filed suit in the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas, Austin Division, against Garmin International, Inc. and five other unrelated companies, alleging infringement of U.S. Patent No. 5,241,671 (“the ’671 patent”). On December 30, 2005, Garmin International filed a Motion for Summary Judgment for Claim Invalidity Based on Indefiniteness. On September 30, 2008, the court issued a Memorandum Opinion and Order granting Garmin International’s Motion for Summary Judgment for Claim Invalidity Based on Indefiniteness with respect to the ’671 patent. On October 8, 2008, the court issued an Amended Final Judgment ordering that Encyclopaedia Britannica take nothing from its action against Garmin International with respect to the ’671 patent and closed that case. On November 12, 2008, Encyclopaedia Britannica filed a Notice of Appeal to the Federal Circuit Court of Appeals. On December 4, 2009, the Federal Circuit issued its decision affirming the district court’s judgment.

On May 23, 2006, Encyclopaedia Britannica filed an amended complaint claiming that Garmin International and the other defendants also infringe U.S. Patent No. 7,051,018 (“the ‘018 patent”), a continuation patent of the ‘671 patent, which issued on May 23, 2006. On July 25, 2006, Encyclopaedia Britannica filed a new complaint claiming that Garmin International and the other defendants also infringe U.S. Patent No. 7,082,437 (“the ‘437 patent”), a continuation patent of the ‘671 patent, which issued on July 25, 2006. Encyclopaedia Britannica also asserted the ’018 and ’437 patents against other parties in a separate lawsuit, Encyclopaedia Britannica v. Magellan Navigation, Inc., et al., Case No. 07-CA-787 (LY)(W.D. Tex).

 
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On February 6, 2009, the court entered a scheduling order enabling all defendants in these cases to file a consolidated Joint Motion for Summary Judgment of Invalidity of the ’018 and ’437 patents and stayed all proceedings pending the court’s ruling on the joint motion for summary judgment. On February 20, 2009, the defendants filed a consolidated Joint Motion for Summary Judgment of Invalidity of the ’018 and ’437 patents. On August 3, 2009, the court issued a Memorandum Opinion and Order granting the defendants’ consolidated Joint Motion for Summary Judgment of Invalidity of the ’018 and ’437 patents and holding that these patents are invalid. On August 24, 2009, Encyclopaedia Britannica filed a Notice of Appeal to the Federal Circuit Court of Appeals.    Garmin International believes the Federal Circuit will affirm the district court’s judgment.

SP Technologies, LLC v. Garmin Ltd., Garmin International, Inc., TomTom, Inc., and Magellan Navigation, Inc.

On June 5, 2008, SP Technologies, LLC filed suit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois against Garmin Ltd. and Garmin International, Inc. alleging infringement of U.S. Patent No. 6,784,873 (“the ’873 patent”). On July 7, 2008, SP Technologies, LLC filed an amended complaint removing all claims against Garmin Ltd. and alleging infringement of the ’873 patent against additional defendants TomTom, Inc. and Magellan Navigation, Inc. Garmin believes that it should not be found liable for infringement of the ’873 patent and additionally that the ’873 patent is invalid. On August 18, 2008, Garmin filed its answer to the amended complaint along with a motion for dismissal of SP Technologies, LLC’s claims of willful and inducement infringement of the ’873 patent. On October 16, 2008, the court granted Garmin’s motion for partial dismissal, striking the willful and inducement infringement allegations from the amended complaint.

On January 7, 2009, Garmin filed an Amended Answer and Counterclaims asserting the ’873 patent is not infringed, is invalid, and that the plaintiff committed inequitable conduct resulting in unenforceability of the ’873 patent. On February 2, 2009, codefendant TomTom, Inc. filed a Motion for Summary Judgment of Unenforceability of the ’873 Patent Due to Inequitable Conduct. On September 30, 2009, the Court denied TomTom, Inc.’s Motion for Summary Judgment. On October 9, 2009, the Court issued an order construing the claims of the ’873 patent. On October 28, 2009, Garmin filed a Motion for Summary Judgment of Invalidity of the ’873 Patent.  On January 6, 2010, SP Technologies, LLC filed its response and on January 20, 2010, Garmin filed its reply.  The parties await the court’s ruling on Garmin’s motion.  Although there can be no assurance that an unfavorable outcome of this litigation would not have a material adverse effect on our operating results, liquidity or financial position, Garmin believes that the claims are without merit and intends to vigorously defend this lawsuit.

Traffic Information, LLC v. Sony Electronics Inc., Asus Computer International, Best Buy Stores, L.P., Kenwood U.S.A. Corporation, Nextar, Inc., American Suzuki Motor Corporation, TGSP, L.P. d/b/a Empire Suzuki, and Garmin International, Inc.

On July 1, 2009, Traffic Information, LLC filed suit in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas against Garmin International, Inc. along with Sony Electronics Inc., Asus Computer International, Best Buy Stores, L.P., Kenwood U.S.A. Corporation, Nextar, Inc., American Suzuki Motor Corporation, and TGSP, L.P. d/b/a Empire Suzuki. The complaint against Garmin International, Inc. alleges infringement of U.S. Patent No. 6,785,606 (“the ’606 patent”).  On August 28, 2009, Garmin International, Inc. filed its Answer and Counterclaims asserting the ’606 patent is invalid and not infringed.   Although there can be no assurance that an unfavorable outcome of this litigation would not have a material adverse effect on our operating results, liquidity or financial position, Garmin International, Inc. believes that the claims are without merit and intends to vigorously defend this action.

 
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Ambato Media, LLC v. Clarion Co., Ltd., Clarion Corporation of America, Delphi Corporation, Fujitsu Limited, Fujitsu Ten Corporation of America, Garmin Ltd., Garmin International, Inc., Victor Company of Japan Ltd., JVC Americas Corporation, JVC Kenwood Holdings, Inc., J&K Car Electronics Corporation, LG Electronics, Inc., LG Electronics USA, Inc., MiTAC International Corporation, MiTAC Digital Corporation, Mio Technology USA Ltd., Navigon, Inc. Nextar Inc., Panasonic Corporation, Panasonic Corporation of North America, Pioneer Corporation, Pioneer Electronics (USA) Inc., Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd., Sanyo North America Corporation, Sanyo Electronic Device (U.S.A.) Corporation, TomTom N.V., TomTom International B.V., and TomTom, Inc.

On August 14, 2009, Ambato Media, LLC filed suit in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas against Garmin Ltd. and Garmin International, Inc. along with several codefendants alleging infringement of U.S. Patent No. 5,432,542 (“the ’542 patent”).  On September 28, 2009, Garmin filed its Answer and Counterclaims asserting the ’542 patent is invalid and not infringed.   Although there can be no assurance that an unfavorable outcome of this litigation would not have a material adverse effect on our operating results, liquidity or financial position, Garmin believes that the claims are without merit and intends to vigorously defend this action.

Pioneer Corporation v. Garmin Deutschland GmbH, Garmin Ltd., Garmin International, Inc., Garmin (Europe Ltd. and Garmin Corporation

On October 9, 2009, Pioneer Corporation filed suit in the District Court in Düsseldorf, Germany against Garmin Deutschland GmbH, Garmin Ltd., Garmin International, Inc., Garmin Corporation and Garmin (Europe) Ltd. alleging infringement of European Patent No. 775 892 (“the ‘892 Patent”) and European Patent No. 508 681 (“the ‘681 Patent”). Garmin believes that none of Garmin’s products infringe either of these patents. Garmin has filed separate lawsuits in the German Federal Patent Court in Munich seeking declaratory judgments of invalidity of the ‘892 Patent and the ‘681 Patent.  Although there can be no assurance that an unfavorable outcome of this litigation would not have a material adverse effect on our operating results, liquidity or financial position, Garmin believes that the claims are without merit and intends to vigorously defend this action.

In the Matter of Certain Multimedia Display and Navigation Devices and Systems, Components Thereof, and Products Containing the Same.

On November 13, 2009, Pioneer Corporation filed a complaint with the United States International Trade Commission against Garmin International, Inc., Garmin Corporation, and Honeywell International Inc. alleging infringement of U.S. Patent No. 5,365,448 (“the ’448 patent”), U.S. Patent No. 6,122,592 (“the ’592 patent”), and U.S. Patent No. 5,424,951 (“the ’951 patent”).  On January 12, 2010, Garmin filed its Answer asserting the ’448 patent, the ’592 patent, and the ’951 patent are invalid and not infringed.  Although there can be no assurance that an unfavorable outcome of this litigation would not have a material adverse effect on our operating results, liquidity or financial position, Garmin believes these claims are without merit and intends to vigorously defend this action.

Vehicle IP, LLC v. AT&T Mobility LLC, Cellco Partnership, Garmin International, Inc., Garmin USA, Inc., Networks in Motion, Inc., Telecommunication Systems, Inc., Telenav Inc., United Parcel Service, Inc., and UPS Logistics Technologies, Inc.

On December 31, 2009, Vehicle IP, LLC filed suit in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware against Garmin International, Inc. and Garmin USA, Inc. along with several codefendants alleging infringement of U.S. Patent No. 5,987,377 (“the ’377 patent”).  Garmin believes the ’377 patent is invalid and not infringed.  Although there can be no assurance that an unfavorable outcome of this litigation would not have a material adverse effect on our operating results, liquidity or financial position, Garmin believes these claims are without merit and intends to vigorously defend this action.

 
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Nazomi Communications, Inc. v. Nokia Corporation, Nokia Inc., Microsoft Corporation, Amazon.com, Inc., Western Digital Corporation, Western Digital Technologies, Inc., Garmin Ltd., Garmin Corporation, Garmin International, Inc., Garmin USA, Inc., Sling Media, Inc., VIZIO, Inc., and Iomega Corporation.

On February 8, 2010, Nazomi Communications, Inc. filed suit in the United States District Court for the Central District of California against Garmin Ltd., Garmin Corporation, Garmin International, Inc., and Garmin USA, Inc. along with several codefendants alleging infringement of U.S. Patent No. 7,080,362 (“the ’362 patent”) and U.S. Patent No. 7,225,436 (“the ’436 patent”).  Garmin believes the ’362 patent and the ’436 patent are not infringed.  Although there can be no assurance that an unfavorable outcome of this litigation would not have a material adverse effect on our operating results, liquidity or financial position, Garmin believes these claims are without merit and intends to vigorously defend this action.

Visteon Global Technologies, Inc. and Visteon Technologies LLC v. Garmin International, Inc.

                On February 10, 2010, Visteon Global Technologies, Inc. and Visteon Technologies LLC filed suit in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan, Southern Division, against Garmin International, Inc. alleging infringement of U.S. Patent No. 5,544,060 (“the ‘060 patent”), U.S. Patent No. 5,654,892 (“the ‘892 patent”), U.S. Patent No. 5,832, 408 (“the ‘408 patent”), U.S. Patent No 5,987,375 (“the ‘375 patent”) and U.S. Patent No 6,097,316 (“the ‘316 patent”). Garmin believes that each claim of the  ‘060 patent, the ‘892 patent, the ‘408 patent and the ‘375 patent is not infringed and/or invalid. Although there can be no assurance that an unfavorable outcome of this litigation would not have a material adverse effect on our operating results, liquidity or financial position, Garmin believes these claims are without merit and intends to vigorously defend this action.

From time to time Garmin is involved in other legal actions arising in the ordinary course of our business. We believe that the ultimate outcome of these actions will not have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Item 4.  Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

No matters were submitted to a vote of shareholders of Garmin during the fourth fiscal quarter of 2009.

Executive Officers of the Registrant

Pursuant to General Instruction G(3) of Form 10-K and instruction 3 to paragraph (b) of Item 401 of Regulation S-K, the following list is included as an unnumbered Item in Part I of this Annual Report on Form 10-K in lieu of being included in the Company’s Definitive Proxy Statement in connection with its annual meeting of shareholders scheduled for May 20, 2010.

Dr. Min H. Kao, age 61, has served as Chairman of Garmin Ltd. since August 2004 and was previously Co-Chairman of Garmin Ltd. from August 2000 to August 2004.  He has served as Chief Executive Officer of Garmin Ltd. since August 2002 and previously served as Co-Chief Executive Officer from August 2000 to August 2002.  Dr. Kao has served as a director and officer of various subsidiaries of the Company since August 1990.  Dr. Kao holds Ph.D. and MS degrees in Electrical Engineering from the University of Tennessee and a BS degree in Electrical Engineering from National Taiwan University.

Clifton A. Pemble, age 44, has served as a director of Garmin Ltd. since August 2004, and as President and Chief Operating Officer of Garmin Ltd. since October 2007. Mr. Pemble has served as a director and officer of various Garmin subsidiaries since August 2003. Previously, he was Vice President, Engineering of Garmin International, Inc. from 2005 to October 2007, Director of Engineering of Garmin International, Inc. from 2003 to 2005, and Software Engineering Manager of Garmin International, Inc. from 1995 to 2002 and a Software Engineer with Garmin International, Inc. from 1989 to 1995.  Mr. Pemble holds BA degrees in Mathematics and Computer Science from MidAmerica Nazarene University.

 
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Kevin S. Rauckman, age 47, has served as Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of Garmin Ltd. since August 2000.  He previously served as Director of Finance and Treasurer of Garmin International, Inc. since January 1999 and has served as a director and officer of various subsidiaries of the Company since April 2001. Mr. Rauckman holds BS and MBA degrees in Business from the University of Kansas.

Andrew R. Etkind, age 54, has served as Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of Garmin Ltd. since June 2008. He was previously General Counsel and Secretary of Garmin Ltd. from August 2000 to June 2008.  He has been Vice President and General Counsel of Garmin International, Inc. since July 2007, General Counsel since February 1998, and Secretary since October 1998. Mr. Etkind has served as a director and officer of various Garmin subsidiaries since December 2001.  Mr. Etkind holds BA, MA and LLM degrees from Cambridge University, England and a JD degree from the University of Michigan Law School.

Brian J. Pokorny, age 46, has been Vice President, Operations of Garmin International, Inc. since 2005. Previously, he was Director of Operations of Garmin International, Inc. from 1997 to 2005 and Production Planning Manager of Garmin International, Inc. from 1995 to 1997.  Mr. Pokorny holds a BS degree in Business Management and a MBA from the University of Nebraska - Lincoln and holds the professional certification of CPIM (Certified in Production and Inventory Management).

Danny J. Bartel, age 60, has been Vice President, Worldwide Sales of Garmin International, Inc. since 2006.   Previously, he was Technical/Survey Sales Manager of Garmin International, Inc. from 1992 to 1993, Director, Europe, Middle East and Africa of Garmin (Europe) Ltd. from 1994 to 1999, and Director of Consumer Electronic Sales of Garmin International, Inc. from 1999 to 2006. He has been a director of Garmin (Europe) Ltd. since July 2004.  Mr. Bartel holds a BS in Electrical Engineering from South Dakota State University and a BA in Management from Central Michigan University.

Gary V. Kelley, age 63, has been Vice President, Marketing of Garmin International, Inc. since 2005. Previously, he was Director of Marketing of Garmin International, Inc. from 1992 to 2005. He has also been Director of Marketing of Garmin USA, Inc. since January 2002. Mr. Kelley was a director of Garmin (Europe) Ltd. from 1993 to 2004.   Mr. Kelley holds a BBA degree from Baker University.  He also holds a commercial pilot license with instrument and flight instructor ratings.

All executive officers are elected by and serve at the discretion of the Company’s Board of Directors.  None of the executive officers has an employment agreement with the Company.  There are no arrangements or understandings between the executive officers and any other person pursuant to which he or she was or is to be selected as an officer. There is no family relationship among any of the executive officers.  Dr. Min H. Kao is the brother of Ruey-Jeng Kao, who is a supervisor of Garmin Corporation, Garmin’s Taiwan subsidiary, who serves as an ex-officio member of Garmin Corporation’s Board of Directors.

 
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PART II

Item 5.  Market for the Company’s Common Shares, Related Shareholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Garmin’s common shares have traded on the Nasdaq National Market under the symbol “GRMN” since its initial public offering on December 8, 2000 (the “IPO”).  As of February 19, 2010, there were 293 shareholders of record.

The range of high and low closing sales prices of Garmin’s common shares as reported on the Nasdaq Stock Market for each fiscal quarter of fiscal years 2009 and 2008 was as follows:

   
Year Ended
 
    
December 26, 2009
   
December 27, 2008
 
    
High
   
Low
   
High
   
Low
 
First Quarter
  $ 23.48     $ 15.17     $ 97.00     $ 53.10  
Second Quarter
  $ 25.99     $ 19.74     $ 56.41     $ 40.90  
Third Quarter
  $ 37.23     $ 22.67     $ 48.70     $ 32.11  
Fourth Quarter
  $ 39.58     $ 26.84     $ 34.34     $ 15.22  

The Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.75 per common share to shareholders of record on December 1, 2009 which was paid on December 15, 2009. The Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.75 per common share to shareholders of record on December 1, 2008 which was paid on December 15, 2008.   Garmin currently expects to pay a cash dividend in 2010. The decision whether to pay a dividend and the amount of the dividend will be made closer to the payment date based on the Company’s cash balance, cash requirements and cash flow generation.

The Board of Directors approved a share repurchase program on October 22, 2008, authorizing the Company to repurchase up to $300 million of the Company’s shares as market and business conditions warrant.   This share repurchase authorization expired on December 31, 2009.

               
Maximum Number of Shares (or
 
                
Approx. Dollar Value of Shares
 
    
Total # of
   
Average Price
   
in Thousands) That May Yet Be
 
Period
 
Shares Purchased
   
Paid Per Share
   
Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
 
October 2009
    -       -     $ 256,469  
November 2009
    590,000     $ 27.95     $ 239,978  
December 2009
    -       -     $ -  
Total
    590,000     $ 27.95     $ -  

We refer you to Item 12 of this report under the caption “Equity Compensation Plan Information” for certain equity plan information required to be disclosed by Item 201(d) of Regulation S-K.

Stock Performance Graph

 
This performance graph shall not be deemed ‘‘filed’’ with the SEC or subject to Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, nor shall it be deemed incorporated by reference in any of our filings under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

 
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The following graph illustrates the cumulative total shareholder return (rounded to the nearest whole dollar) of Garmin common shares during the period from December 31, 2004 through December 31, 2009, and compares it to the cumulative total return on the NASDAQ Composite Index and the NASDAQ 100 Index.  Garmin is one of the constituent companies of the NASDAQ 100 Index. The comparison assumes a $100 investment on December 31, 2004, in Garmin common shares and in each of the foregoing indexes and assumes reinvestment of dividends.


      12/04       12/05       12/06       12/07       12/08       12/09  
                                                 
Garmin Ltd.
    100.00       110.03       186.45       327.36       67.55       110.79  
NASDAQ Composite
    100.00       101.33       114.01       123.71       73.11       105.61  
NASDAQ-100
    100.00       100.18       112.25       134.51       81.33       122.06  

The stock price performance included in this graph is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance.

 
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Item 6.  Selected Financial Data

           The following table sets forth selected consolidated financial data of the Company.  The selected consolidated balance sheet data as of December 26, 2009 and December 27, 2008 and the selected consolidated statement of income data for the years ended December 26, 2009, December 27, 2008, and December 29, 2007 were derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto which are included in Item 8 of this annual report on Form 10-K.  The selected consolidated balance sheet data as of  December 29, 2007, December 30, 2006, and December 31, 2005 and the selected consolidated statement of income data for the years ended December 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005 were derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements, not included herein.

           The information set forth below is not necessarily indicative of the results of future operations and should be read together with "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and the consolidated financial statements and notes to those statements included in Items 7 and 8 in Part II of this Form 10-K.

 
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Years ended (1)
 
   
Dec. 26, 
2009
   
Dec. 27, 
2008
   
Dec. 29,
2007
   
Dec. 30,
2006
   
Dec. 31,
2005
 
   
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
Consolidated Statements of Income Data:
                             
Net sales
  $ 2,946,440     $ 3,494,077     $ 3,180,319     $ 1,774,000     $ 1,027,773  
Cost of goods sold
    1,502,329       1,940,562       1,717,064       891,614       492,703  
Gross profit
    1,444,111       1,553,515       1,463,255       882,386       535,070  
                                         
Operating expenses:
                                       
Advertising expense
    155,521       208,177       206,948       114,749       59,309  
Selling, general and administrative
    264,202       277,212       189,550       99,764       62,712  
Research and development
    238,378       206,109       159,406       113,314       74,879  
Total operating expenses
    658,101       691,498       555,904       327,827       196,900  
                                         
Operating income
    786,010       862,017       907,351       554,559       338,170  
Other income/(expense), net (2), (3), (4)
    22,641       52,349       70,922       39,995       34,430  
Income before income taxes
    808,651       914,366       978,273       594,554       372,600  
                                         
Income tax provision
    104,701       181,518       123,262       80,431       61,381  
Net income
  $ 703,950     $ 732,848     $ 855,011     $ 514,123     $ 311,219  
                                         
Net income per share: (5)
                                       
Basic
  $ 3.51     $ 3.51     $ 3.95     $ 2.38     $ 1.44  
Diluted
  $ 3.50     $ 3.48     $ 3.89     $ 2.35     $ 1.43  
Weighted average common shares outstanding: (5)
                                       
Basic
    200,395       208,993       216,524       216,340       216,294  
Diluted
    201,161       210,680       219,875       218,845       218,236  
                                         
Cash dividends per share (5)
  $ 0.75     $ 0.75     $ 0.75     $ 0.50     $ 0.25  
                                         
Balance Sheet Data (at end of Period):
                                       
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 1,091,581     $ 696,335     $ 707,689     $ 337,321     $ 334,352  
Marketable securities
    766,047       274,895       424,505       480,876       376,723  
Total assets
    3,825,874       2,934,421       3,291,460       1,897,020       1,362,235  
Total debt
    -       -       -       248       -  
Total stockholders' equity
    2,836,447       2,225,854       2,350,614       1,557,899       1,157,264  
 

 
(1)
Our fiscal year-end is the last Saturday of the calendar year and does not always fall on December 31.
(2)
Other income/(expense), net mainly consists of gain and/or loss on sale of equity securities, interest income, interest expense, and foreign currency gain (loss)
(3)
Includes $23.0 million, $0.6 million and $15.3 million for foreign currency gains in 2007, 2006 and 2005 respectively, and $6.0 million and $35.3 million for foreign currency losses in 2009 and 2008 respectively.
(4)
Includes a $72.4 million gain on sale of equity securities primarily related to the sale of our equity interest in Tele Atlas N.V. and related foreign currency exchange effects in 2008.
(5)
All prior period common stock and applicable share and per share amounts have been retroactively adjusted to reflect a 2-for-1 split of the Company's common stock effective August 15, 2006.

 
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Item 7.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations focuses on and is intended to clarify the results of our operations, certain changes in our financial position, liquidity, capital structure and business developments for the periods covered by the consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-K.  This discussion should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified by reference to, the other related information including, but not limited to, the audited consolidated financial statements (including the notes thereto), the description of our business, all as set forth in this Form 10-K, as well as the risk factors discussed above in Item 1A.

As previously noted, the discussion set forth below, as well as other portions of this Form 10-K, contain statements concerning potential future events.  Readers can identify these forward-looking statements by their use of such verbs as “expects,” “anticipates,” “believes” or similar verbs or conjugations of such verbs.  If any of our assumptions on which the statements are based prove incorrect or should unanticipated circumstances arise, our actual results could materially differ from those anticipated by such forward-looking statements.  The differences could be caused by a number of factors or combination of factors including, but not limited to, those discussed above in Item 1A.  Readers are strongly encouraged to consider those factors when evaluating any such forward-looking statement.  We do not undertake to update any forward-looking statements in this Form 10-K.

Garmin’s fiscal year is a 52-53 week period ending on the last Saturday of the calendar year.  Fiscal year 2005 contained 53 weeks compared to 52 weeks for fiscal years 2009, 2008, 2007, and 2006.  Unless otherwise stated, all years and dates refer to the Company’s fiscal year and fiscal periods.  Unless the context otherwise requires, references in this document to "we," "us," "our" and similar terms refer to Garmin Ltd. and its subsidiaries.

Unless otherwise indicated, dollar amounts set forth in the tables are in thousands, except per share data.

Overview
 
We are a leading worldwide provider of navigation, communications and information devices, most of which are enabled by Global Positioning System, or GPS, technology.  We operate in four business segments, which serve the marine, outdoor/fitness, automotive/mobile, and aviation markets.  Our segments offer products through our network of subsidiary distributors and independent dealers and distributors.  However, the nature of products and types of customers for the four segments can vary significantly.  As such, the segments are managed separately.  Our portable GPS receivers and accessories for marine, recreation/fitness and automotive/mobile segments are sold primarily to retail outlets.  Our aviation products are portable and panel-mount avionics for Visual Flight Rules and Instrument Flight Rules navigation and are sold primarily to retail outlets and certain aircraft manufacturers.

Since our first products were delivered in 1991, we have generated positive income from operations each year and have funded our growth from these profits.  Our sales have increased at a compounded annual growth rate of 30% since 2005 and our net income has increased at a compounded annual growth rate of 23% since 2005.  The vast majority of this growth has been organic; only a very small amount of new revenue occurred as a result of the acquisition of MotionBased Technologies LLC in 2005, Dynastream Innovations Inc. in 2006, Digital Cyclone, Inc. and the assets of Nautamatic Marine Systems, Inc. in 2007, and ten European distributors in 2007 and 2008.  These acquisitions had no significant impact on net income for those years.

Since our principal locations are in the United States, Taiwan and the U.K., we experience some foreign currency fluctuations in our operating results.  While the U.S. Dollar remains the functional currency of Garmin (Europe) Ltd., the functional currency of all other European operations excluding Garmin Danmark and Garmin Sweden is the Euro (effective July 2007) and the functional currency of Garmin Corporation, headquartered in Taiwan, is the Taiwan Dollar.  Approximately 79% of sales by our European subsidiaries are now denominated in British Pounds Sterling or the Euro.  We experienced ($6.0) million, ($35.3) million, and $23.0 million in foreign currency gains (losses) during fiscal years 2009, 2008, and 2007, respectively.  The 2008 foreign currency loss includes a realized gain of $21.5 million due to the strengthening of the Euro between the date we purchased shares in Tele Atlas N.V. in October 2007 and the tender of shares in February, March, and June 2008.  To date, we have not entered into hedging transactions with the Euro, the British Pound Sterling, or the Taiwan Dollar, and we do not currently plan to utilize hedging transactions in the future.

 
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Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
General
 
Garmin’s discussion and analysis of its financial condition and results of operations are based upon Garmin’s consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.  The presentation of these financial statements requires Garmin to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities.  On an on-going basis, Garmin evaluates its estimates, including those related to customer sales programs and incentives, product returns, bad debts, inventories, investments, intangible assets, income taxes, warranty obligations, and contingencies and litigation.  Garmin bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources.  Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

Revenue Recognition
 
Garmin recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the sales price is fixed or determinable, and collection is probable.  For the large majority of Garmin’s sales, these criteria are met once product has shipped and title and risk of loss have transferred to the customer.  The Company recognizes revenue from the sale of hardware products and software bundled with hardware that is essential to the functionality of the hardware in accordance with general revenue recognition accounting guidance. The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with industry specific software accounting guidance for standalone sales of software products and sales of software bundled with hardware not essential to the functionality of the hardware.  The Company generally does not offer specified or unspecified upgrade rights to its customers in connection with software sales.

Garmin introduced nüMaps Lifetime™ in January 2009, which is a single fee program that, subject to the program’s terms and conditions, enables customers to download the latest map and point of interest information every quarter for the useful life of their PND.  The revenue and associated cost of royalties for sales of nüMaps Lifetime™ products are deferred at the time of sale and recognized ratably on a straight-line basis over the currently estimated three-year life of the products.

For multi-element arrangements that include tangible products that contain software that is essential to the tangible product’s functionality and undelivered software elements that relate to the tangible product’s essential software, the Company allocates revenue to all deliverables based on their relative selling prices. In such circumstances, the new accounting principles establish a hierarchy to determine the selling price to be used for allocating revenue to deliverables as follows: (i) vendor-specific objective evidence of fair value (“VSOE”), (ii) third-party evidence of selling price (“TPE”), and (iii) best estimate of the selling price (“ESP”).  VSOE generally exists only when the Company sells the deliverable separately and is the price actually charged by the Company for that deliverable.

 
45

 

In 2009, Garmin introduced the nüvi 1690, a premium PND with a built‐in wireless module that lets customers access Garmin’s nüLink!™ service, which provides direct links to certain online information.  The Company has identified two deliverables contained in arrangements involving the sale of the nüvi 1690. The first deliverable is the hardware and software essential to the functionality of the hardware device delivered at the time of sale, and the second deliverable is the nüLink service. The Company has allocated revenue between these two deliverables using the relative selling price method determined using VSOE.   Amounts allocated to the delivered hardware and the related essential software are recognized at the time of sale provided the other conditions for revenue recognition have been met.  Amounts allocated to the nüLink services are deferred and recognized on a straight-line basis over the 24-month life of the service.  

Garmin records estimated reductions to revenue for customer sales programs returns and incentive offerings including rebates, price protection (product discounts offered to retailers to assist in clearing older products from their inventories in advance of new product releases), promotions and other volume-based incentives.   The reductions to revenue are based on estimates and judgments using historical experience and expectation of future conditions.   Changes in these estimates could negatively affect Garmin’s operating results.   These incentives are reviewed periodically and, with the exceptions of price protection and certain other promotions, are accrued for on a percentage of sales basis.   If market conditions were to decline, Garmin may take actions to increase customer incentive offerings possibly resulting in an incremental reduction of revenue at the time the incentive is offered.

Garmin records reductions to revenue for expected future product returns based on Garmin’s historical experience.
 
Trade Accounts Receivable

We sell our products to retailers, wholesalers, and other customers and extend credit based on our evaluation of the customer’s financial condition.  Potential losses on receivables are dependent on each individual customer’s financial condition. We carry our trade accounts receivable at net realizable value. Typically, our accounts receivable are collected within 60 days and do not bear interest. We monitor our exposure to losses on receivables and maintain allowances for potential losses or adjustments. We determine these allowances by (1) evaluating the aging of our receivables; and (2) reviewing our high-risk customers. Past due receivable balances are written off when our internal collection efforts have been unsuccessful in collecting the amount due.
 
Warranties
 
Garmin’s products are generally covered by a warranty for periods ranging from one to two years. Garmin accrues a warranty reserve for estimated costs to provide warranty services.  Garmin’s estimate of costs to service its warranty obligations is based on historical experience and expectation of future conditions.  To the extent Garmin experiences increased warranty claim activity or increased costs associated with servicing those claims, its warranty accrual will increase, resulting in decreased gross profit.

Inventory
 
Garmin writes down its inventory for estimated obsolescence or unmarketable inventory equal to the difference between the cost of inventory and the estimated market value based upon assumptions about future demand and market conditions.  If actual market conditions are less favorable than those projected by management, additional inventory write-downs may be required.

 
46

 

Investments

Investments are classified as available for sale and recorded at fair value, and unrealized investment gains and losses are reflected in stockholders’ equity.   Investment income is recorded when earned, and capital gains and losses are recognized when investments are sold.   Fair value of investments in auction rate securities are determined using third party estimates which followed an income approach valuation methodology.  Investments are reviewed periodically to determine if they have suffered an impairment of value that is considered other than temporary.   If investments are determined to be impaired, a capital loss is recognized at the date of determination.

Testing for impairment of investments also requires significant management judgment.   The identification of potentially impaired investments, the determination of their fair value and the assessment of whether any decline in value is other than temporary are the key judgment elements.   The discovery of new information and the passage of time can significantly change these judgments.    Revisions of impairment judgments are made when new information becomes known, and any resulting impairment adjustments are made at that time.  The economic environment and volatility of securities markets increase the difficulty of determining fair value and assessing investment impairment.

Income Taxes
 
Garmin provides deferred tax assets and liabilities based on the difference between the tax basis of assets and liabilities and their carrying amount for financial reporting purposes as measured by the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse.    It is Garmin’s policy to record a valuation allowance to reduce its deferred tax assets to an amount that it believes is more likely than not to be realized.  While Garmin has considered future taxable income and ongoing prudent and feasible tax planning strategies in assessing the need for the valuation allowance, in the event Garmin were to determine that it would not be able to realize all or part of its net deferred tax assets in the future, an adjustment to the deferred tax assets would be charged to income in the period such determination is made.  Likewise, should Garmin determine that it would be able to realize its deferred tax assets in the future in excess of its net recorded amount, an adjustment to the deferred tax assets would increase income in the period such determination is made.

In addition, the calculation of our tax liabilities involves dealing with uncertainties in the application of complex tax regulations.  We recognize liabilities for tax audit issues in the U.S. and other tax jurisdictions based on our estimate of whether, and the extent to which, additional taxes will be due.  If payment of these amounts ultimately proves to be unnecessary, the reversal of the liabilities would result in tax benefits being recognized in the period when we determine the liabilities are no longer necessary.  If our estimate of tax liabilities proves to be less than the ultimate assessment, a further charge to expense would result.

Stock Based Compensation

Garmin awards stock options, stock appreciation rights (“SARs”), restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and/or performance shares each year as part of Garmin’s compensation package for employees.  Employees with certain levels of responsibility within Garmin are eligible for stock options, SAR grants, RSU grants and/or performance shares but the granting of options, SARs, RSUs and/or performance shares is at the discretion of the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors and is not a contractual obligation.

Stock-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date based on the fair value of the award and is recognized as expense over the requisite service period. Determining the fair value of stock-based awards at the grant date requires judgment, including estimating expected dividends. In addition, judgment is also required in estimating the amount of stock-based awards that are expected to be forfeited. If actual results differ significantly from these estimates, stock-based compensation expense could be impacted.  Stock compensation plans are discussed in detail in Note 9 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 
47

 

Accounting Terms and Characteristics

Net Sales

Our net sales are primarily generated through sales to our global dealer and distributor network and to original equipment manufacturers.  Refer to the Revenue Recognition discussion above. Our sales are largely of a consumer nature; therefore backlog levels are not necessarily indicative of our future sales results.  We aim to achieve a quick turnaround on orders we receive, and we typically ship most orders within 72 hours.

Net sales are subject to seasonal fluctuation.  Typically, sales of our consumer products are highest in the second quarter, due to increased demand during the spring and summer season, and in the fourth quarter, due to increased demand during the holiday buying season.  Our aviation products do not experience much seasonal variation, but are more influenced by the timing of the release of new products when the initial demand is typically the strongest.

Gross Profit
 
Raw material costs are our most significant component of cost of goods sold.  In 2009, gross margin for our automotive/mobile segment increased 350 basis points as benefits from raw material price declines and operating efficiencies exceeded the average selling price decline.  In 2008, gross margin for our automotive/mobile segment declined 310 basis points as the average selling price continued to decline and we experienced further shift in product mix to lower-margin product groups.  These impacts were somewhat offset by raw material price declines, most significantly flash memory.  In the first half of 2007, we experienced favorable product mix and product pricing, which allowed us to hold margins in our automotive/mobile segment steady; margin declines in the second half of 2007 were primarily a result of average selling price declines, coupled with raw materials price increases, most notably the costs for flash memory, in late second quarter and through the third quarter of 2007 when we were purchasing these components for our holiday production runs, resulting in margin declines as these components were sold, primarily in the fourth quarter of 2007.   Gross margins for the aviation, marine, and outdoor/fitness segments are more stable.  Our long-term gross margin targets are 65%, 55% and 55%, respectively, for these segments.

Our existing practice of performing the design and manufacture of our products in-house has enabled us to utilize alternative lower cost components from different suppliers and, where possible, to redesign our products to permit us to use these lower cost components.  We believe that because of our practice of performing the design, manufacture and marketing of our products in-house, our Shijr, Jhongli, and Lin-Kou manufacturing plants in Taiwan, our Olathe, Kansas, and Salem, Oregon manufacturing plants have experienced relatively low costs of manufacturing.  In general, products manufactured in Taiwan have been our highest volume products.  Our manufacturing labor costs historically have been lower in Taiwan than in Olathe and Salem.

Sales price variability has had and can be expected to have an effect on our gross profit.  In the past, prices of our devices sold into the automotive/mobile market have declined due to market pressures and introduction of new products sold at lower price points.  The average selling prices of our aviation, outdoor/fitness, and marine products have increased due to product mix and the introduction of more advanced products sold at higher prices.  The effect of the sales price differences inherent within the mix of GPS-enabled products sold could have a significant impact on our gross profit.

Advertising Expense

Our advertising expenses consist of costs for both media advertising and cooperative advertising with our retail partners.  As revenues grew in 2005-2008, advertising expense also increased.  In 2009, we reduced our advertising expense as revenues declined and the public became more aware of GPS technology.  The reduction did not have a negative impact on our market share.  We expect advertising costs to increase in 2010 as revenues grow.

 
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Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Our selling, general and administrative expenses consist primarily of:

 
·
salaries for sales and marketing personnel;

 
·
salaries and related costs for executives and administrative personnel;

 
·
marketing, and other brand building costs;

 
·
accounting and legal costs;

 
·
information systems and infrastructure costs;

 
·
travel and related costs; and

 
·
occupancy and other overhead costs.

Due to the economic pressure on our consumer-oriented business, we decreased selling, general and administrative expenses in 2009.  As revenues grew in 2005-2008, selling, general and administrative expenses also increased.  We expect selling, general and administrative costs, excluding advertising, to increase in 2010 as revenues grow.

Research and Development

The majority of our research and development costs represent salaries for our engineers, costs for high technology components and costs of test equipment used in product and prototype development.    Approximately 85% of the research and development of our products is performed in North America.   The remainder of our research and development activities is performed by our Taiwan engineering group, which has increased in size in recent years.

We are committed to increasing the level of innovative design and development of new products as we strive for expanded ability to serve our existing consumer and aviation markets as well as new markets for GPS-enabled devices.  We continue to grow our research and development budget in absolute terms.

Customers
 
Best Buy accounted for 13.4% of our net sales in the year ended December 26, 2009.  Our top ten customers have contributed between 27% and 43% of net sales since 2005.  We have experienced average sales days in our customer accounts receivable of between 49 and 75 days since 2005.  We have experienced an increase in the level of customer accounts receivable days due to changes in product mix, longer payment terms, and macroeconomic conditions.  We expect to reduce the level of customer accounts receivable days as we negotiate shorter payment terms with our customers.

 
49

 
Income Taxes
 
We have experienced a relatively low effective corporate tax rate due to the proportion of our revenue generated by entities in tax jurisdictions with low statutory rates.   In particular,  the profit entitlement afforded our parent company based on its intellectual property rights ownership of our consumer products along with substantial tax incentives offered by the Taiwanese government on certain high-technology capital investments have continued to reduce our tax rate.  As a result, our consolidated effective tax rate was approximately 12.9% during 2009.  This is a decrease from 19.9% during 2008 due to a more favorable mix of taxable income among the tax jurisdictions in which the Company operates and the release of income tax reserves for which the statute of limitations has expired.  We have taken advantage of the tax benefit in Taiwan since our inception and we expect to continue to benefit from lower effective tax rates at least through 2013.   We plan on applying for additional incentives for years beyond 2013 based on capital investments we expect to make in the future.  However, there can be no assurance that such tax incentives will be available indefinitely or that we will receive the incentives for which we apply.  Management believes that due to lower operating margins predicted for fiscal 2010, there may be slightly less revenue recognized by entities in lower tax rate jurisdictions.  Therefore, the effective tax rate for fiscal 2010 is expected to be slightly higher than fiscal 2009.  The actual effective tax rate will be dependent upon the operating margins, production volume, additional capital investments made during fiscal 2010, and the composition of our earnings.

Results of Operations

The following table sets forth our results of operations as a percentage of net sales during the periods shown:

   
Fiscal Years Ended
 
   
Dec. 26,
   
Dec. 27,
   
Dec.29,
 
   
2009
   
2008
   
2007
 
Net sales
    100.0 %     100.0 %     100.0 %
Cost of goods sold
    51.0 %     55.5 %     54.0 %
Gross profit
    49.0 %     44.5 %     46.0 %
Operating expenses:
                       
     Advertising
    5.3 %     6.0 %     6.5 %
     Selling, general and administrative
    8.9 %     7.9 %     6.0 %
     Research and development
    8.1 %     5.9 %     5.0 %
Total operating expenses
    22.3 %     19.8 %     17.5 %
Operating income
    26.7 %     24.7 %     28.5 %
Other income / (expense) , net
    0.7 %     1.5 %     2.2 %
Income before income taxes
    27.4 %     26.2 %     30.7 %
Provision for income taxes
    3.5 %     5.2 %     3.9 %
Net income
    23.9 %     21.0 %     26.8 %

The following table sets forth our results of operations through income before income taxes for each of our four segments during the period shown.   For each line item in the table the total of the segments’ amounts equals the amount in the consolidated statements of income data included in Item 6.

 
50

 

   
Outdoor/
         
Automotive/
       
Fiscal year ended December 26, 2009
 
Fitness
   
Marine
   
Mobile
   
Aviation
 
                         
Net sales
  $ 468,924     $ 177,644     $ 2,054,127     $ 245,745  
Cost of goods sold
    162,082       72,429       1,192,227       75,591  
Gross profit
    306,842       105,215       861,900       170,154  
                                 
Advertising
    23,262       9,682       118,713       3,864  
Research and development
    23,776       21,448       110,907       82,247  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    47,799       18,177       172,473       25,753  
Total expenses
    94,837       49,307       402,093       111,864  
                                 
Operating income
    212,005       55,908       459,807       58,290  
Other income / (expense), net
    (5,963 )     1,522       28,777       (1,695 )
                                 
Income before income taxes
  $ 206,042     $ 57,430     $ 488,584     $ 56,595  

   
Outdoor/
         
Automotive/
       
Fiscal year ended December 27, 2008
 
Fitness
   
Marine
   
Mobile
   
Aviation
 
                         
Net sales
  $ 427,783     $ 204,477     $ 2,538,411     $ 323,406  
Cost of goods sold
    181,037       93,052       1,560,816       105,657  
Gross profit
    246,746       111,425       977,595       217,749  
                                 
Advertising
    27,932       14,532       160,926       4,787  
Research and development
    25,419       19,374       85,610       75,706  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    32,800       17,536       206,954       19,922  
Total expenses
    86,151       51,442       453,490       100,415  
                                 
Operating income
    160,595       59,983       524,105       117,334  
Other income / (expense), net
    5,391       3,921       41,634       1,403  
                                 
Income before income taxes
  $ 165,986     $ 63,904     $ 565,739     $ 118,737  

   
Outdoor/
         
Automotive/
       
Fiscal year ended December 29, 2007
 
Fitness
   
Marine
   
Mobile
   
Aviation
 
                         
Net sales
  $ 339,741     $ 203,399     $ 2,342,184     $ 294,995  
Cost of goods sold
    155,086       93,230       1,368,979       99,769  
Gross profit
    184,655       110,169       973,205       195,226  
                                 
Advertising
    17,170       11,387       172,910       5,481  
Research and development
    23,302       16,879       59,390       59,835  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    23,949       14,527       132,155       18,919  
Total expenses
    64,421       42,793       364,455       84,235  
                                 
Operating income
    120,234       67,376       608,750       110,991  
Other income / (expense), net
    7,570       4,544       56,392       2,416  
                                 
Income before income taxes
  $ 127,804     $ 71,920     $ 665,142     $ 113,407  

 
51

 

Comparison of 52-Weeks Ended December 26, 2009 and December 27, 2008

Net Sales

   
52-weeks ended
December 26, 2009
   
52-weeks ended
December 27, 2008
   
Year over Year
 
   
Net Sales
   
% of Revenues
   
Net Sales
   
% of Revenues
   
$ Change
   
% Change
 
Outdoor/Fitness
  $ 468,924       15.9 %   $ 427,783       12.2 %   $ 41,141       9.6 %
Marine
    177,644       6.0 %     204,477       5.9 %     (26,833 )     -13.1 %
Automotive/Mobile
    2,054,127       69.7 %     2,538,411       72.6 %     (484,284 )     -19.1 %
Aviation
    245,745       8.4 %     323,406       9.3 %     (77,661 )     -24.0 %
Total
  $ 2,946,440       100.0 %   $ 3,494,077       100.0 %   $ (547,637 )     -15.7 %

Net sales decreased 15.7% in 2009 when compared to the year-ago period. The decrease occurred across all segments, except outdoor/fitness, with the greatest decreases in the automotive/mobile and aviation segments. Automotive/mobile revenue remains the largest portion of our revenue mix, but declined from 72.6% in 2008 to 69.7% in 2009.

Total unit sales decreased 2% to 16.6 million in 2009 from 16.9 million in 2008. The lower unit sales volume was attributable to declining volumes across all segments, excluding outdoor/fitness, with the greatest percentage declines occurring in aviation and marine. The lower volumes were driven primarily by the macroeconomic conditions and reduced inventory levels with many of our retail partners.

Automotive/mobile segment revenue declined 19.1% in 2009 as the average selling price declined 18% and volumes declined 2%.  Average selling price declines continue to be attributable to the competitive environment in which our automotive/mobile products compete.  The aviation and marine segments declined 24.0% and 13.1%, respectively in 2009, as both industries experienced significant slowdowns associated with the macroeconomic conditions.  Outdoor/fitness segment revenue increased 9.6% due to new product introductions, including the Dakota™ series, the Forerunner® 405CX, the Forerunner® 310XT and Edge® 500, and increasing global penetration of the fitness category.  All segments showed improving trends in the second half of 2009 as the macroeconomic conditions improved.

The Company anticipates revenue growth between 0-5% in 2010 driven by mobile product initiatives and growth in the outdoor/fitness, aviation and marine segments.  In general, management believes that continuous innovation and the introduction of new products are essential for future revenue growth.

Gross Profit

   
52-weeks ended 
December 26, 2009
   
52-weeks ended 
December 27, 2008
   
Year over Year
 
   
Gross Profit
   
% of Revenues
   
Gross Profit
   
% of Revenues
   
$ Change
   
% Change
 
Outdoor/Fitness
  $ 306,842       65.4 %   $ 246,746       57.7 %   $ 60,096       24.4 %
Marine
    105,215       59.2 %     111,425       54.5 %     (6,210 )     -5.6 %
Automotive/Mobile
    861,900       42.0 %     977,595       38.5 %     (115,695 )     -11.8 %
Aviation
    170,154       69.2 %     217,749       67.3 %     (47,595 )     -21.9 %
Total
  $ 1,444,111       49.0 %   $ 1,553,515       44.5 %   $ (109,404 )     -7.0 %

The decrease in gross profit dollars was primarily attributable to the automotive/mobile and aviation segments where the effects of revenue declines were partially offset by the improved gross margins earned.  Gross profit margin percentage for the Company overall increased 450 basis points as margins expanded in all segments.

 
52

 

The automotive/mobile segment gross profit margin percentage increase of 350 basis points was driven by material costs reductions partially offset by inventory reserves associated with the mobile handset initiative and price declines.  Management believes that gross margins for this segment will decline in 2010 due to ongoing price declines outpacing product cost declines.  Outdoor/fitness gross margin increased principally due to a newer suite of higher margin products.  Gross profit margin percentage for marine and aviation increased compared to 2008 due to increased average selling price and decreases in per unit costs driven by product mix and material cost reductions.

Advertising Expenses

   
52-weeks ended
December 26, 2009
   
52-weeks ended
December 27, 2008
             
   
Advertising
         
Advertising
         
Year over Year
 
   
Expense
   
% of Revenues
   
Expense
   
% of Revenues
   
$ Change
   
% Change
 
Outdoor/Fitness
  $ 23,262       5.0 %   $ 27,932       6.5 %   $ (4,670 )     -16.7 %
Marine
    9,682       5.5 %     14,532       7.1 %     (4,850 )     -33.4 %
Automotive/Mobile
    118,713       5.8 %     160,926       6.3 %     (42,213 )     -26.2 %
Aviation
    3,864       1.6 %     4,787       1.5 %     (923 )     -19.3 %
Total
  $ 155,521       5.3 %   $ 208,177       6.0 %   $ (52,656 )     -25.3 %

Advertising expense decreased both as a percentage of sales and in absolute dollars when compared to 2008.  As a percent of sales, advertising expenses declined to 5.3% in 2009 compared to 6.0% in 2008.  The decrease was a result of actions taken by the company to reduce costs as the macroeconomic conditions impacted sales across our segments and around the world combined with lower cooperative advertising which is tied to net sales levels.  Management expects to maintain advertising as a percentage of sales constant in 2010.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

   
52-weeks ended
December 26, 2009
   
52-weeks ended
December 27, 2008
             
   
Selling, General &
         
Selling, General &
         
Year over Year
 
   
Admin. Expenses
   
% of Revenues
   
Admin. Expenses
   
% of Revenues
   
$ Change
   
% Change
 
Outdoor/Fitness
  $ 47,799       10.2 %   $ 32,800       7.7 %   $ 14,999       45.7 %
Marine
    18,177       10.2 %     17,536       8.6 %     641       3.7 %
Automotive/Mobile
    172,473       8.4 %     206,954       8.2 %     (34,481 )     -16.7 %
Aviation
    25,753       10.5 %     19,922       6.2 %     5,831       29.3 %
Total
  $ 264,202       9.0 %   $ 277,212       7.9 %   $ (13,010 )     -4.7 %